Camus Hydronics DFH1100 Service manual

Camus Hydronics DFH1100 Service manual
INSTALLATION OPERATION
AND SERVICE MANUAL
GAS FIRED COMMERCIAL COPPER TUBE AND
STAINLESS STEEL BOILERS
DynaFlame SERIES
NON-CONDENSING
Models; DFH/W500, 750, 1100, 1200, 1500, 1750,
2000, 2500, 3000, 3500, 4000, 4500,
4504,5000,5004,6004
NEAR-CONDENSING (DFX)
Models; DFH/W501, 751, 1101, 1201, 1501, 1751, 2001,
2501, 3001, 3501, 4001, 4501,4514, 5001,5014,6014
CONDENSING
Models; DFH/W502, 752, 1102, 1202, 1502, 1752,
2002, 2502, 3002, 3502, 4002, 4502 ,4524,
5002,5024,6024
H
HLW
WARNING:
If the information in these instructions is not followed
exactly, a fire or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable
vapours and liquids in the vicinity of this or any
other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
o Do not try to light any appliance,
o Do not touch any electrical switch; do not
use any phone in your building,
o Immediately call your gas supplier from a
neighbour’s phone. Follow the gas
supplier’s instructions,
o If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call
the fire department.
Qualified installer, service agency or the
gas supplier must perform installation and
service.
To the Installer: After installation, these instructions
must be given to the end user or left on or near the
appliance.
To the End User: This booklet contains important
information about this appliance. Retain for future
reference.
CAMUS
HYDRONICS
LTD.
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L5T 1B7
99-0050
Rev. 6.6
Table of Contents
PART 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6.1
1.6.2
1.6.3
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.12
PART 2
2.1
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3
2.1.4
2.1.5
2.1.6
2.1.7
2.1.8
2.1.9
2.1.10
2.1.11
2.1.12
2.1.13
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.2
2.3
2.4
2.4.1
2.4.2
2.4.3
2.4.4
PART 3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
PART 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
GENERAL INFORMATION .............................................................................................................................................. 1
OVERVIEW..................................................................................................................................................................... 1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO OWNER ............................................................................................................................. 1
CHECKING EQUIPMENT................................................................................................................................................. 2
HOW IT OPERATES (SEQUENCE OF OPERATION) .......................................................................................................... 2
IGNITION PROCESS ........................................................................................................................................................ 3
HEAT TRANSFER PROCESS............................................................................................................................................. 3
END OF SEQUENCE........................................................................................................................................................ 3
CODES ........................................................................................................................................................................... 3
WARRANTY ................................................................................................................................................................... 4
REMOVAL OF EXISTING APPLIANCE .............................................................................................................................. 4
BOILER ROOM OPERATING CONDITION ....................................................................................................................... 5
CLEARANCE FROM COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL .............................................................................................................. 5
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE AND LOCATION OF UNIT .................................................................................................. 6
VENTING ....................................................................................................................................................................... 8
GENERAL VENTING GUIDE ............................................................................................................................................ 8
CATEGORY I AND CATEGORY Ill VENTING ..................................................................................................................... 8
VENTING GUIDELINES FOR CATEGORY I AND/OR III VENTING ..................................................................................... 9
CATEGORY II AND CATEGORY IV VENTING ................................................................................................................... 9
VENTING GUIDELINES FOR CATEGORY II AND/OR IV VENTING .................................................................................... 9
APPROVED VENTING MATERIALS ................................................................................................................................. 9
VENT TERMINATION CLEARANCES ............................................................................................................................... 9
INLET CAP FOR ROOFTOP TERMINATION ................................................................................................................... 10
LOCATION OF A ROOFTOP AIR INLET AND VENT CAPS ............................................................................................... 10
AIR INLET DAMPER ...................................................................................................................................................... 10
MASONARY CHIMNEY INSULATIONS .......................................................................................................................... 10
VERTICAL VENTING TERMINATION ............................................................................................................................. 10
COMBINED COMBUSTION AIR INLET .......................................................................................................................... 10
DRAIN TEE ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
CONVENTIONAL VENTING (INDOOR) INSTALLATIONS ................................................................................................ 11
AIR REQUIRED FOR COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION ............................................................................................... 12
EXHAUST FANS ............................................................................................................................................................ 12
OUTDOOR VENTING .................................................................................................................................................... 12
THRUWALL VENTING .................................................................................................................................................. 12
THRUWALL VENT CAP (14-0090) THRUWALL INTAKE AIR CAP (14-0101) .................................................................. 12
LOCATION OF A THRUWALL VENT TERMINATION ...................................................................................................... 13
LOCATION OF A “THRUWALL” AIR INLET CAP ............................................................................................................. 13
LENGTH OF AIR INLET PIPE.......................................................................................................................................... 13
GAS CONNECTION ....................................................................................................................................................... 13
GAS CONNECTION ...................................................................................................................................................... 13
GAS PIPING.................................................................................................................................................................. 14
INSTALL PIPING .......................................................................................................................................................... 14
DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE (DF2000 -6004) ............................................................................................................ 15
GAS MANIFOLD DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT (DF2000 – DF6004) .......................................................... 15
CHECKING GAS SUPPLY PRESSURE ............................................................................................................................. 15
CHECKING DIFFERENTIAL AIR AND GAS PRESSURES (DF2000 - DF6004) ................................................................... 16
GAS TRAIN AND CONTROLS ........................................................................................................................................ 17
VENTING OF GAS VALVES AND PRESSURE SWITCHES ................................................................................................ 17
BURNER ....................................................................................................................................................................... 17
WATER CONNECTION ................................................................................................................................................. 18
FREEZE PROTECTION ................................................................................................................................................... 18
WARNING REGARDING CHILLED WATER & HEATING COIL SYSTEMS ......................................................................... 18
INLET AND OUTLET CONNECTIONS ............................................................................................................................. 19
4.4
4.5
4.6
4.7
4.8
4.9
4.10
4.11
4.12
4.13
4.13.1
4.14
4.14.1
4.14.2
PART 5
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.4
5.5
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
PART 6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
6.8
6.9
6.10
6.11
6.12
6.13
6.14
6.15
PART 7
7.1
7.2
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
PART 8
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE REQUIREMENTS......................................................................................................................... 19
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER ....................................................................................................................................... 19
LOW WATER TEMPERATURE SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................................... 19
INSTANTANEOUS WATER HEATER (non-condensing) ................................................................................................. 20
CONDENSER HEAT RECOVERY MODULE (CHRM)........................................................................................................ 20
CHRM, FLOW and PRESSURE DROP ............................................................................................................................ 22
WATER FLOW SWITCH (shipped loose) ...................................................................................................................... 22
LOW WATER CUTOFF (If Equipped) ........................................................................................................................... 22
RELIEF VALVE (shipped loose) ..................................................................................................................................... 22
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY MODULE PIPING CONFIGURATIONS ........................................................................ 22
CHRM IN SERIES WITH PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER (INTEGRATED LOOP) ................................................................ 22
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION ................................................................................................................................. 23
CIRCULATING PUMP OPERATION PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER ................................................................................. 23
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION CONDENSOR .......................................................................................................... 23
ELECTRICAL & CONTROLS ........................................................................................................................................... 23
ELECTRICAL CONECTIONS ........................................................................................................................................... 23
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD) ........................................................................................................................... 24
DIFFRENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH .......................................................................................................................... 24
BLOCKED FLUE SWITCH............................................................................................................................................... 24
HIGH and LOW GAS PRESSURE SWITCHES (Optional) ................................................................................................ 24
HIGH LIMIT .................................................................................................................................................................. 24
IGNITION CONTROL MODULE ..................................................................................................................................... 25
SERVICE PARTS ............................................................................................................................................................ 25
IGNITION MODULE LOCKOUT FUNCTIONS ................................................................................................................. 25
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS INDICATION .............................................................................................................................. 25
FLAME SENSE TEST ...................................................................................................................................................... 25
SMARTFLAME CONTROL PANEL.................................................................................................................................. 26
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER ................................................................................................................... 26
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD) ........................................................................................................................... 31
STANDARD DYNAFLAME CONTROL PANEL ................................................................................................................. 32
GENERAL SYMBOL DESCRIPTION ................................................................................................................................ 32
MODE 1 & 2: SETPOINT OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY .................................................................................................. 33
MODE 1 & 2: SETPOINT OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY .............................................................................................. 34
MODE 3: DEDICATED DOMESTIC HOT WATER OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY ............................................................... 36
MODE 3: DEDICATED DOMESTIC HOT WATER OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY ........................................................... 37
MODE 4 & 5: OUTDOOR RESET OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY ...................................................................................... 39
MODE 4 & 5: OUTDOOR RESET OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY .................................................................................. 40
MODE 6 & 7: EXTERNAL TARGET TEMPERATURE INPUT OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY ............................................... 42
MODE 6 & 7: EXTERNAL TARGET TEMPERATURE INPUT OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY ............................................ 43
MODE 8: EXTERNAL DRIVE OPEATION: VIEW DISPLAY ............................................................................................... 45
MODE 8: EXTERNAL DRIVE OPEATION: ADJUST DISPLAY ........................................................................................... 46
ERROR MESSAGES ....................................................................................................................................................... 47
SOLA CONTROL PANEL ................................................................................................................................................ 49
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER ................................................................................................................... 49
CONFIGURE MENU ...................................................................................................................................................... 64
LEAD LAG SETUP ......................................................................................................................................................... 66
LOCAL/REMOTE SWITCH............................................................................................................................................. 67
BMS/LOCAL SWITCH ................................................................................................................................................... 67
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE ..................................................................................................................................... 67
FROST PROTECTION .................................................................................................................................................... 67
COMPONENTS ............................................................................................................................................................. 68
HOT SURFACE IGNITER (GLOW BAR) .......................................................................................................................... 68
FLAME SENSOR ........................................................................................................................................................... 68
COMBUSTION AIR FAN................................................................................................................................................ 68
INNER JACKET.............................................................................................................................................................. 68
OUTER JACKET ............................................................................................................................................................ 68
8.6
VENTING TRANSITION ................................................................................................................................................ 68
PART 9
FIELD STARTUP PROCEDURE ....................................................................................................................................... 69
9.1
CHECKING THE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................................... 69
9.2
CHECKING THE CONSTRUCTION ................................................................................................................................. 69
9.3
FIRE TESTING ............................................................................................................................................................... 69
9.4
COMISSIONING APPLIANCE ........................................................................................................................................ 72
PART 10 TROUBLE SHOOTING ................................................................................................................................................... 73
11.1
EXAMINE THE VENTING SYSTEM ................................................................................................................................ 80
11.2
VISUALLY CHECK MAIN BURNER FLAMES ................................................................................................................... 80
11.3
FLUE GAS PASSAGEWAYS CLEANING PROCEDURES ................................................................................................... 80
11.4
CONDENSATION TREATMENT ..................................................................................................................................... 80
10.4.1
CONDENSATE VOLUME ............................................................................................................................................... 80
11.5
BURNER MAINTENANCE ............................................................................................................................................. 81
11.5.1
BURNER REMOVAL AND CLEANING ............................................................................................................................ 81
11.5.2
BURNER CLEANING PROCEDURE ................................................................................................................................ 81
11.6
CHANGING THE HOT SURFACE IGNITER ..................................................................................................................... 81
11.6.1
RE-INSTALLING THE IGNITER ....................................................................................................................................... 82
11.7
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER INSPECTION .................................................................................................................. 82
11.8
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY MODULE (CHRM) INSPECTION ................................................................................. 82
11.9
RE-INSTALL HEAT EXCHANGERS .................................................................................................................................. 82
11.10
COMBUSTION AIR FAN................................................................................................................................................ 82
11.11
COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR ........................................................................................................................ 82
11.12
CONTROL CIRCUIT VOLTAGE ....................................................................................................................................... 82
11.13
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS ......................................................................................................................................... 82
11.14
FREEZE PROTECTION ................................................................................................................................................... 82
11.15
FREEZE PROTECTION FOR A HEATING BOILER SYSTEM (Optional) ............................................................................ 83
PART 12 INSTALLATIONS ........................................................................................................................................................... 83
12.1
HEATING BOILER INSTALLATIONS ............................................................................................................................... 83
12.2
WATER CONNECTIONS................................................................................................................................................ 83
12.3
PIPING LENGTHS ......................................................................................................................................................... 83
12.4
INTERMITTENT PUMP OPERATION ............................................................................................................................. 84
12.5
SUMMARY ................................................................................................................................................................... 84
12.6
DOMESTIC HOT WATER HEATER ................................................................................................................................. 84
12.7
WATER VELOCITY CONTROL ....................................................................................................................................... 84
12.8
TEMPERATURE RISE AT FULL FIRING RATE ................................................................................................................. 85
12.9
WATER HEATERS ......................................................................................................................................................... 85
PART 13 EXPLODED VIEW ......................................................................................................................................................... 86
PART 14 ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS ............................................................................................................................................... 94
WARRANTY ................................................................................................................................................................................. 101
PART 1
1.1
OVERVIEW
The DynaFlame is available in the following body styles
•
23” x 27” footprint, DynaFlame As non-condensing
85% efficient, available in models 500, 750, 1100,
1200. As near condensing (DFX) 88% efficient
DFX, available in models 501, 751, 1101, 1201.
As full condensing 95% efficient, available in
models 502, 752, 1102, 1202
•
29 1/2” x 34” footprint, DynaFlame. As noncondensing 85% efficient, available in models
1500, 1750, 2000, 2500, 3000, 3500, 4000, 4500,
5000. As near-condensing (DFX) 88% efficient,
available in models 1501, 1751, 2001, 2501, 3001,
3501, 4001, 4501, 5001. As full condensing 95%
efficient, available in modes 1502, 1752, 2002,
2502, 3002, 3502, 4002, 4502, 5002
•
35 3/4” x 39 1/4” footprint DynaFlame Mega. As
non-condensing 85% efficient, available in models
4504, 5004, 6004. As near condensing (DFX) 88%
efficient DFX, available in models 4514, 5014,
6014. As full condensing 95% efficient, available in
models 4524, 5024, 6024
1.2
Figure 1: DynaFlame Non-Condensing
GENERAL
INFORMATION
DynaFlame Condensing
In this series most of the sensible heat value is being
transferred into the water. The unused portion of the
sensible heat and most of the latent heat is absorbed by the
Condenser Heat Recovery Module (CHRM).
Figure 2: DynaFlame Condensing
INTRODUCTION
The DynaFlame is a fan assisted appliance based on push
through design which offers several venting options. Heat
output is controlled by a one to one air/gas ratio control gas
valve which provides seamless modulation. The
DynaFlame provides central heating and/or domestic hot
water at working pressure up to 160 PSI. It is designed for
use with a fully pumped and pressurized system. The
boiler/water heater will automatically modulate to provide
heat outputs between 100% to approximately 35% of rated
input on non-condensing models and down to 20% on near
condensing (DFX) and condensing models.
The DynaFlame works on the principle of differential
pressure. The operation of the fan will generate a
differential pressure, which the gas/air ratio control gas
valve will match on the gas side. The steady state efficiency
is maintained across the entire range of modulation. Air and
gas are metered in precise proportion (1:1 Ratio) to
modulation signal, allowing combustion characteristics
which determine efficiency to remain the same over entire
operating range.
DynaFlame Non-Condensing
In this series most of the sensible heat value is being
transferred into the water. The unused portion of the
sensible heat and all the latent heat is released through the
exhaust vent. The overall efficiency of the DynaFlame is
being improved by incorporating preheat of intake
combustion air which consequently maintains the outer
panels cool and thus reduces jacket loss.
DynaFlame Near Condensing
In this series most of the sensible heat value is being
transferred into the water. The unused portion of the
sensible heat is too small to maintain flue products in a
gaseous state. Therefore condensation is formed in the
vent. The defining characteristics of the DFX are reduced
vent sizes at reduced equivalent vent lengths of 50 ft, and
continuous modulation permitted down to 20% of input.
1
1.3
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS TO OWNER
This manual supplies information for the installation,
operation and servicing of the appliance. It is strongly
recommended that this manual be reviewed completely
before proceeding with an installation
CAUTION
It is important that all gas appliances are installed by a
competent person. It is in your own interest and that of
safety to ensure that all local codes, and all the following
“NOTES” and “WARNINGS” is complied with.
To install, service or adjust this appliance, it is imperative
that a competent serviceman that is qualified by Camus
Hydronics utilize a combustion analyzer with CO2, CO, and
draft gauge, to set the appliance according to Camus
Hydronics recommendation, prior to commissioning.
NOTE
RETAIN THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
1.4
CHECKING EQUIPMENT
Check for signs of shipping damage upon receiving
equipment. Pay particular attention to parts accompanying
the boiler, which may show signs of being hit or otherwise
being mishandled. Verify total number of pieces shown on
packing slip with those actually received. In case there is
damage or a shortage, immediately notify carrier.
Figure 3: Checking the DynaFlame
8
9
10
11
Do not attempt to pry any panel off. To begin disassembly
you must first remove the two ¼” bolts from the top of the
lid. Only then will you be able to remove the lid and
disassemble the three outer panels.
Once you have removed the lid carefully check and confirm
that all ¼” copper tubing connections are intact and have
not broken or loosened in shipment. Leaks at any
connections on these lines will result in erratic appliance
operation.
12
1.5
14
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
HOW IT OPERATES (SEQUENCE OF
OPERATION)
Supply power connection as per table 10.
The power switch is placed in the “ON” position.
120 VAC power is supplied to the control transformer.
24 VAC is supplied to the ignition module and low
voltage controls for all models.
After the appliance water pump starts, flow is proven
by the flow switch and water pressure switch. The
water pressure switch is set to close at 30 PSI and is
installed in the unit. The flow switch is to be mounted in
a tee at the outlet of the appliance. Take care to
properly trim the flow switch paddles so as not to jam
the switch in the tee. The normally open dry contacts in
the low water cutoff (LWCO) are to be wired in series
with the normally open contacts of the flow switch.
Locate the probe type LWCO in the piping above the
boiler inlet/outlet connection. The low water cutoff and
flow switch are shipped loose. In all cases check with
local codes.
The DynaFlame controller receives a call for heat via
the remote operator contacts and the Demand
parameter reads Central Heating or DHW.
The local thermostat energizes the motor stop/start
relay which closes the initiate contacts to the variable
frequency drive (VFD) which starts to ramp up the
frequency to the 230V 3 phase motor of the
13
combustion fan. If the VFD is not in fault mode the
frequency will accelerate at the preprogrammed rate
towards maximum speed using the modulating signal
provided by the on board modulating control or the
remote operating system.
If temperature high limit, water flow and airflow
switches are closed the fan will run at pre-purge speed
until the pre-purge timer is satisfied. Once complete
the DynaFlame will target the ignition fan speed.
DF 500 – DF 2500 (Direct Ignition): The hot surface
igniter will be energized for 22 seconds followed by
energizing the main valve for 4 seconds. A signal of
0.8dVdc must be recognized by the controller at the
flame sensor to keep the main gas valve in an open
position. The fan is kept at ignition speed until the
stabilization timer is satisfied.
DF 3000 – DF 5000 (Proven Pilot): The DynaFlame
controller will activate the hot surface igniter for 22
seconds followed by powering the pilot valve for 10
seconds, whereupon a signal of 0.8Vdc must be
recognized by the controller at the flame sensor to
keep the main gas valve in an open position. The fan is
kept at ignition speed until the stabilization timer is
satisfied.
If the flame signal is not reached the module will stop
the ignition sequence after the trial for ignition.
The fan speed will slowly decrease as the heat request
nears the heat demand. The modulation rate is
controlled via Pulse Width Modulation (DR300 – 800)
and a 4-20mA signal (DR1000 – 5000). If the heat
demand is sustained for a long duration of time the
boiler will get to a point of steady-state and the fan will
rotate at constant speed.
When the heat demand is satisfied or is removed the
burner will shut off and the fan speed will ramp up to
the preset Post-Purge speed until the Post-Purge timer
is satisfied.
The pump continues to circulate until the post-purge
time is satisfied.
The boiler will then go into Standby as it waits for the
next heat demand.
Note:
1. If a flame signal is detected at the end of the pre-purge
period an error statement to that effect will appear.
2. If at the end of the safety period (6 sec) no flame is
detected the control will go to post-purge to remove the
unburned gas. After this, a re-ignition attempt is started
following the same cycle. The number of re-ignition
attempts is limited to 2 after which a lockout occurs.
3. The burner can only be on continuously for a period of
24 hours. After this the burner is switched off and a
restart sequence follows.
4. The hot surface igniter is de-energized at the end of
the ignition period to allow for ionisation detection.
2
1.6.1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
The Ignition module supplies voltage to the Air/Gas
Ratio Control Valve through proof of closure switch and
a latching relay located on the PCB.
Air/Gas Ratio Control Valve senses the pressure
differential between the Combustion Air Fan outlet and
the vent outlet and supplies gas to the orifice and into
the Fan inlet to pre-mix with air.
The Gas/Air mixture is forced into the Burner and out
of the Burner Ports under pressure at soft start input
rate.
Hot Surface Igniter lights the Gas/Air mixture and the
Flame Sensor serves as a means to prove Main
Burner Flame by rectification.
Burner is now firing at soft start input rate.
Variable Frequency Drive adjusts fan speed based on
desired water temperature set point or input signal
from remote operator 4-20 mA or 2-10VDC signal
(must be specified at time of placing order).
Burner input rate is variable down to approximately
30% of rate or up to 100% of rate as required to satisfy
the set point.
1.6.2
1
2
3
4
IMPORTANT
Consult and follow local Building and Fire Regulations and
other Safety Codes that apply to this installation. Contact
the local gas utility company to authorize and inspect all
gas and flue connections.
Installation and service must be performed by Camus
qualified factory trained service technicians.
WARNING
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fails to shut off,
DO NOT turn off or disconnect the electrical supply to the
pump. Shut off the gas supply at a location external to the
appliance.
WARNING
Operation of Non-Condensing DynaFlame at low fire (less
than 100% of input) for long periods of time will increase
the possibility of forming condensation in the flue,
particularly in Spring/Fall operation.
•
HEAT TRANSFER PROCESS
Burner Input continues to increase until water
temperature reaches the Set Point temperature.
Burner Input may stabilize at a fixed rate where
demand equals input.
Burner Input will decrease rate when water
temperature approaches temperature Set Point.
1.6.3
1
2
3
IGNITION PROCESS
END OF SEQUENCE
Set Point temperature is satisfied.
Power to the gas valves is turned off.
Combustion Air Fan ramps to a stop over the factory
preprogrammed time period of 60 seconds.
Thermostat is now in a standby mode waiting for the
next “Call for Heat”.
•
•
•
WARNING
To minimize the possibility of serious personal injury, fire or
damage to your appliance, never violate the following
safety rules.
WARNING
IMPROPER
INSTALLATION,
ADJUSTMENT,
ALTERATION, SERVICE OR MAINTENANCE can cause
injury or property damage. Refer to this manual. For
additional information, consult a qualified installer, service
agency or gas supplier.
DO NOT
Do not use this appliance if any part of it has been under
water. The possible damage to a flooded appliance can be
extensive and present numerous safety hazards. Any
appliance that has been under water must be replaced
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
Do not try to light any appliance. • Do not touch any electric
switch: do not use any phone in your building. •
Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone.
Follow the gas supplier’s instructions. • If you cannot reach
your gas supplier, call the fire department.
3
1.7
Boilers and water heaters are heat producing
appliances. To avoid damage or injury, do not store
materials against the appliance or the vent-air intake
system. Use proper care to avoid unnecessary contact
(especially children) with the appliance and vent-air
intake components.
Never cover your appliance, lean anything against it,
store trash or debris near it, stand on it or in any way
block the flow of fresh air to your appliance.
UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES may flammable
materials such as gasoline or paint thinner be used or
stored in the vicinity of this appliance, vent-air intake
system or any location from which fumes could reach
the appliance or vent-air intake system.
A gas appliance that draws combustion air from the
equipment room where it is installed must have a
supply of fresh air circulating around it during burner
operation for proper gas combustion and proper
venting.
CODES
The equipment shall be installed in accordance with
those installation regulations in force in the local area
where the installation is to be made. These shall be
carefully followed in all cases. Authorities having jurisdiction
shall be consulted before installations are made. In the
absence of such requirements, the installation shall
conform to the latest edition of the National Fuel Gas Code,
ANSI Z223.1 and/or CAN/CGAB149 Installation Code. All
electrical wiring must be done in accordance with the
requirements of the authority having jurisdiction or, in the
absence of such requirements, with National Electrical
Code, ANSI/NFPA70 and/or the Canadian Electrical Code
part 1 CSA C22.1. Where required by the authority having
jurisdiction, the installation must conform to American
Society of Mechanical Engineers Safety Code for Controls
and Safety Devices for Automatically Fired Boilers, ASME
CSD-1. All boilers conform to the latest edition of the
ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II. Where
required by the authority having jurisdiction, the installation
must comply with the CSA International, CAN/CGA-B149
and/or local codes. This appliance meets the safe lighting
performance criteria with the gas manifold and control
assembly provided, as specified in the ANSI standards for
gas-fired units, ANSI Z21.13.
1.8
WARRANTY
•
Factory warranty (shipped with unit) does not
apply to units improperly installed or improperly
operated.
Factory warranty shall apply only when the
appliance is installed in accordance with local
plumbing and building codes, ordinances and
regulations, the printed instructions provided with it
and good industry practices.
Excessive water hardness causing a lime buildup in the copper coils or tubes is not a fault of the
appliance and is not covered by warranty. Consult
the factory for recommendations for use in hard
water areas. (See Water Treatment and Water
Chemistry)
Excessive pitting and erosion on the inside of the
copper tube may be an indication of an undersized
heater or may be caused by too much water
velocity through the tubes and is not covered by
the manufacturer’s warranty (See Boiler Flow
Rates
and Temperature Rise
for
flow
requirements).
Using or storing corrosive chemicals in the
vicinity of this appliance can rapidly attack the
copper tubes and coils and voids warranty.
In case of Condensing or Non-Condensing
DynaFlame, The Main (Primary) Heat Exchanger
is intended to operate under non-condensing
conditions. Inlet water temperatures must be
maintained at 115°F (46°C) or higher for nono
o
condensing models and 130 F (55 C) or higher for
near-condensing (DFX) and condensing models.
Warranty is void if the Primary heat exchanger is
allowed to operate in condensing mode.
Damage caused by freezing or dry firing voids
warranty.
This appliance is not to be used for temporary
heating of buildings under construction.
The manufacturer shall NOT be held liable for any
personal injury or property damage due to ice
formation or the dislodging of ice from the vent
system or the vent termination
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1.9
REMOVAL OF EXISTING APPLIANCE
When an existing appliance is removed from a common
venting system, the common venting system is likely to be
too large for proper venting of the appliances remaining
connected to it .At the time of removal of an existing
appliance, the following steps must be followed with each
appliance remaining connected to the common venting
system placed in operation, while the other appliances
remaining connected to the common venting system are
not in operation.
•
Seal any unused openings in the common venting
system.
•
Visually inspect the venting system for proper size
and horizontal pitch and determine that there is no
blockage, restriction, leakage, corrosion or other
deficiency, which could cause an unsafe condition.
•
Insofar as is practical, close all building doors and
windows and all doors between the spaces in
which the appliances remaining connected to the
common venting system are located and other
spaces of the building. If applicable turn on the
clothes dryers and any appliances not connected
•
•
•
•
•
to the common venting system. Turn on any
exhaust fans, such as range hoods and bathroom
exhausts, so they will operate at maximum speed.
Do not operate a summer exhaust fan. Close
fireplace dampers.
Place in operation the appliance being inspected.
Follow the lighting instructions. Adjust thermostat
so that appliance operates continuously.
If provided, test for spillage at the draft control
device relief opening after 5 minutes of main
burner operation. Use a cold mirror, the flame of a
match, or candle or smoke from a cigarette.
Test for spillage at the draft control device relief
opening after 5 minutes of main burner operation.
After it has been determined that each appliance
remaining connected to the common venting
system properly vents when tested as outlined
above, return doors, windows, exhaust fans,
fireplace dampers and any other gas-burning
appliance to their previous condition of use.
Any improper operation of the common venting
system should be corrected so that the installation
conforms to the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1 and/or CAN/CGA B149, Installation Codes.
When resizing any portion of the common venting
system, the common venting system should be
resized to approach the minimum size as
determined using the appropriate tables in Part 11
of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1 and
/or CAN/CGA B149, Installation Codes.
Heat exchanger surfaces and vent piping should be
checked every six months for deterioration and carbon
deposits. Remove all soot or other obstructions from the
chimney and flue, which might impede draft action. Replace
any damaged or deteriorated parts of the venting system.
A qualified service technician should follow this procedure
when inspecting and cleaning the heat exchanger and vent
pipe.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Turn off electrical power and main manual gas shut-off
and allow appliance to cool down.
Remove the vent pipe running to the chimney and
check heat exchanger, vent and chimney for
obstruction and clean as necessary.
Remove burner from appliance and carefully clean as
required. Never brush or wipe the knitted metal fiber
surface, use a garden hose and wash instead.
Caution: Never use pressure washer to clean the
burner.
Use pressure wash to clean heat exchanger if
necessary.
Reinstall parts removed in steps 2 and 3. Be sure that
vent pipe has proper pitch and is properly sealed.
Replace any damaged gasket. Note that the burner is
supplied with two gaskets; a high temperature ceramic
paper gasket under the burner flange and a stamped
silicon gasket between the burner flange and fan
flange. Tighten fan flange mounting nuts to 20 ft-lb.
Restore electrical power and gas supply to appliance.
Place appliance in operation using lighting instructions
provided.
Confirm proper operation of all safety devices
Check for gas leaks and proper vent operation.
4
NOTE:
Experience has shown that improper installation or
system design, rather than faulty equipment, is the
cause of most operating problems
1.10
•
•
•
BOILER ROOM OPERATING CONDITION
Due to low jacket losses from the appliance,
temperatures in a typical boiler room may drop
significantly; supplemental heat is required to maintain
ambient temperature at acceptable levels.
Cold fresh air intakes must be located to minimize the
effects on venting and subsequent condensation in the
flue of Category I installations. When necessary,
consider the use of insulation or corrosion resistant
venting material.
Camus DynaFlame boilers and water heaters are
approved at 85% efficiency which allows the
equipment to be vented as a Category I appliance
using either single wall “C” vent or double wall “B” vent.
Certain conditions in the field however lead to
condensation in the vent and render these products
unsuitable.
These conditions include and are not necessarily limited to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Low boiler room temperature.
Low return water temperature.
Long periods of low fire operation.
Oversized breeching in common venting
applications.
Proximity to combustion air openings.
Given the frequency of these conditions occurring in the
field, we are recommending the use of corrosion resistant
stainless steel venting wherever possible.
1.11
CLEARANCE FROM COMBUSTIBLE
MATERIAL
This appliance is suitable for alcove (a closet without a
door) installation with minimum clearances to combustibles
as follows:
Table 1: Clearances from Combustibles
Clearances from Combustibles
TOP:
SIDES:
REAR:
VENT:
12”
12”
12”
6”
Figure 4: Clearance from Combustibles
5
When placing the appliance be aware that a minimum
clearance of 24” (60cm) must be provided at the front to
allow easy access to the primary heat exchanger.
NOTE: Clearances from combustible construction are
noted on the appliance rating plate
When installed directly on combustible flooring, the
appliance shall be installed on a metal panel extending
beyond the full width and depth of the appliance by at least
3 inches (76.2mm) in any direction. The floor must be
strong enough to support the full weight of the heater.
Maintain minimum specified clearances for adequate
operation. All installations must allow sufficient space for
servicing the vent connections, water pipe connections,
circulating pump, bypass piping and other auxiliary
equipment, as well as the appliance
Table 2: Service Clearances
Service Clearances
Service Clearance, Inches (cm)
Right
Left
Top
Back Front
Side
Side
24”
12”
12”
24”
500
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
750
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
1100
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
1200
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
1500
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
1750
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
2000
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
2500
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
3000
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
3500
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
30”
12”
12”
24”
4000
*
(77cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
35”
12”
12”
24”
4500
*
(89cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
20”
12”
12”
24”
4504
*
(51cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
40”
12”
12”
24”
5000
*
(102cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
24”
12”
12”
24”
5004
*
(60cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
33”
12”
12”
24”
6004
*
(84cm) (30cm) (30cm)
(60cm)
*Allow adequate space for the venting in addition to 6”
clearance to combustibles.
Model
Numbers
1.12
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE AND
LOCATION OF UNIT
Install this appliance in a clean, dry location with adequate
air supply and close to a good vent connection.
•
Do not locate this appliance in an area where it will be
subject to freezing unless precautions are taken.
Radiant losses from the DynaFlame are minimal and
should not be relied on to keep the appliance room
warm. If the appliance is installed in a cold room and/or
on a cold floor, isolating the appliance from the cold
floor and heating the room is recommended.
The appliance should be located close to a floor drain
•
in an area where leakage from the appliance or
connections will not result in damage to the adjacent
area or to lower floors in the structure, it is
recommended that a suitable drain pan, adequately
drained, be installed under the unit. Under no
circumstances is the manufacturer to be held
responsible for water damage in connection with this
unit, or any of its components.
If the appliance is installed above the level of the
building’s radiation system, a low water cut-off device
must be installed above the heat exchanger inlet/outlet
connections. Some local codes require the installation
of a low water cut-off on all systems
•
When placing the appliance be aware that a minimum
clearance of 24” must be provided at the front to allow
easy access to the primary heat exchanger. Noncondensing units do not require access through both
sides and could be placed adjacent to each other with
zero clearance. For condensing units a minimum
clearance of 12” must be provided on the right side for
access to the Condensing Heat Recovery Module.
•
The appliance must be installed so that the ignition
system components are protected from water
(dripping, spraying, etc.) during appliance operation
and
service
(circulator
replacement,
control
replacement, etc.)
•
Appliances located in a residential garage and in
adjacent spaces that open to the garage and are not
part of the living space of a dwelling unit must be
installed so that all burners and burner ignition devices
have a minimum clearance of not less than 18" (46cm)
above the floor. The appliance must be located or
protected so that it is not subject to physical damage
by a moving vehicle.
•
DO NOT install this appliance in any location where
gasoline or flammable vapors are likely to be present.
•
Appliance must be installed on a level floor. Maintain
required clearances from combustible surfaces.
•
The appliance designed for indoor installation (Indoor
Models) must be installed indoors where it is protected
from exposure to wind, rain and weather.
The appliance designed for outdoor installation
(Outdoor Models) must be installed outdoors. For
outdoor installations, always consider the use of a
shelter such as a garden shed in lieu of direct
exposure of the appliance to the elements. The
additional protection afforded by the shelter will help to
minimize
nuisance
problems
with
electrical
connections and will allow easier servicing of the
appliance under severe weather conditions.
6
Table 3: Appliance Dimensions and Specifications
Copper and copper nickel heat exchanger
500 – 1200 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 2” NPT
1500 – 5000 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 2-1/2” NPT
4504 - 6004 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 3” groove lock
Stainless steel heat exchanger:
500 – 1200 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 2” groove lock
1500 – 1750 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 2-1/2” groove lock
2000 – 5000, 4504 - 6004 appliance inlet/outlet connections are 3” groove lock
Table 4: Vent Sizes for a Single Appliance
DynaFlame Non-Condensing
Vent Diameter Inches
Cat III
Cat III
Model
Outdoor
Up to
Up to
50 ft
100 ft
0500
4
4
6
0750
6
6
8
1100
6
6
8
1200
6
6
8
1500
7
7
10
1750
7
7
10
2000
8
8
12
2500
8
8
12
3000
8
8
12
3500
9
9
14
4000
9
9
14
*4500
10
10
14
4504
10
10
14
*5000
10
10
14
5004
10
10
14
6004
12
12
14
7
Cat I
8
10
10
10
12
12
14
14
14
16
16
16
16
16
16
16
DynaFlame Near-Condensing (DFX)
Vent Diameter Inches
Cat IV
Cat IV
Model
Outdoor
Up to
Up to
50 ft
100 ft
0501
4
4
6
0751
6
6
8
1101
6
6
8
1201
6
6
8
1501
7
7
10
1751
7
7
10
2001
8
8
12
2501
8
8
12
3001
8
8
12
3501
9
9
14
4001
9
9
14
*4501
10
10
14
4514
10
10
14
*5001
10
10
14
5014
10
10
14
6014
12
12
14
Cat II
5
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
DynaFlame Condensing
Vent Diameter Inches
Cat IV
Cat IV
Model
Outdoor
Up to
Up to
50 ft
100 ft
0502
4
4
6
0752
6
6
8
1102
6
6
8
1202
6
6
8
1502
7
7
10
1752
7
7
10
2002
8
8
12
2502
8
8
12
3002
8
8
12
3502
9
9
14
4002
9
9
14
*4502
10
10
14
4524
10
10
14
*5002
10
10
14
5024
10
10
14
6024
12
12
14
Cat II
5
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
12
12
12
12
12
12
12
PART 2
VENTING
It is extremely important to follow these venting
instructions carefully. Failure to do so can cause
severe personal injury, death or substantial property
damage.
•
•
•
Foam Core Pipe, PVC, CPVC are not to be used in any
part of the venting system.
2.1
GENERAL VENTING GUIDE
•
Figure 5: Venting Configurations
•
Vent connectors serving appliances vented by natural
draft shall not be connected into any portion of
mechanical draft systems operating under positive
pressure.
Horizontal runs of vent pipe shall be securely
supported (approximately every 4 feet) to prevent
sagging and maintain a minimum upward slope of ¼"
per foot from the appliance to the vent terminal.
The weight of the venting system must not rest on the
unit. Adequate support of the venting system must be
provided in compliance with local codes and other
applicable codes.
All connections should be secured and sealed per the
vent manufacturers specifications. When a Positive
vent system is disconnected for any reason, the flue
must be reassembled and resealed according to the
vent manufacturer’s instructions.
Do not use an existing chimney as a raceway if
another appliance or fireplace is vented through the
chimney.
2.1.1
CATEGORY I AND CATEGORY Ill VENTING
A Category I or Ill venting system for the flue products is
required on all non-condensing models (DynaFlame without
CHRM). A Category I venting system operates with a
negative pressure in the vent. The Category Ill venting
system operates with positive pressure generated by the
internal combustion air fan.
•
•
The DynaFlame is a category I, 85% efficient unit, supplied
as a non-condensing appliance.
•
When supplied with the Condenser Heat Recovery
Module (CHRM).The DynaFlame is 95% efficient and
is considered to be a category II appliance.
•
Vent installations for connection to gas vents or
chimneys must be in accordance with Part 7, “Venting
of Equipment,” of the latest edition of the National Fuel
Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest edition
of CAN/CGA Standard B149 Installation Codes for Gas
Burning Appliances and Equipment or applicable
provisions of the local building codes.
•
The distance of the vent terminal from adjacent
buildings, windows that open and building openings
MUST comply with the latest edition of the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, in Canada, the latest
edition of CAN/CGA Standard B149 Installation Code
for Gas Burning Appliances and Equipment.
•
Vent connection is made directly to the flue outlet
opening on the back of the unit. The connection from
the appliance vent to the stack must be made as direct
as possible.
•
Appliances for outdoor installation are intended to vent
using a listed vent cap. For indoor installations venting
must be in accordance with Part 7, Venting of
Equipment, of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI
Z223.1, or Section 7, Venting of Equipment and Air
Supply for Appliances, of the CAN/CGA B149,
Installation Codes, or applicable provisions of the local
building codes.
•
•
•
•
•
•
The Category I flues from multiple appliances can be
combined into a common vent using recommendations
from published venting tables.
Controls of single or multiple Category I appliances
may subject appliances to low fire operation for long
periods depending on control strategies being used.
Under this condition the venting does not reach the
temperatures required for evaporation of flue gas
condensation generated from initial start-up. To
prevent nuisance condensation, avoid this operating
condition or use corrosion resistant stainless steel
venting.
The Category Ill flues from multiple appliances CAN
NOT be combined into a common vent.
The Category Ill flue must be a dedicated stack.
The Category Ill Flue appliance must have all vent
joints and seams gas-tight. Unless a special venting
system made from AL29-4C or equivalent is used
which has integral seals, all vent connector seams and
joints must be sealed with pressure sensitive
aluminium tape or silicone sealant as specified by the
vent manufacturer. Aluminium tape must meet the
provisions of SMACNA AFTS -100-73 Standard.
The flue products in a category III vent system may be
cooled below their dew point and form condensate in
the flue. Corrosion resistant stainless steel must be
used for the venting.
When venting category III appliance thru unheated
spaces insulation should be wrapped around single
wall vent pipe to minimize the possibility of flue gas
condensation inside the vent unless AL29-4C or
equivalent special venting is used. The authorities
have jurisdiction must approve venting prior to
insulating.
The flue from a Category IIl vent system must have
provisions to properly collect and dispose of any
condensate that may occur in the venting system.
8
2.1.2
•
•
VENTING GUIDELINES FOR CATEGORY I
AND/OR III VENTING
The installed length of the positive pressure flue from
the appliance to the point of termination, outside of the
building, must not exceed a maximum of 100
equivalent feet (30.5 m) in length. Depending on
diameter and centreline radius subtract from 7 to 19
feet per 90° elbow using published data. Subtract half
this value for each 45° elbow.
The flue may terminate either vertically at the roof top
or horizontally on a THRUWALL. See the information
about the specific vent termination location for
recommended location and clearances.
2.1.3
CATEGORY II AND CATEGORY IV VENTING
A Category II or IV venting system for the flue products is
required on all condensing models (DynaFlame with
CHRM).
A Category II venting system operates with a negative
pressure in the vent.
The Category IV venting system operates with positive
pressure generated by the internal combustion air fan
which operates the combustion process and also exhausts
the flue products from the building.
•
The Category II flues from multiple appliances can be
combined into a common vent, this special venting
system must be engineered by venting manufacturer
and to be approved by local authority.
•
The Category IV flues from multiple appliances CAN
NOT be combined into a common vent.
•
The Category IV flue must be a dedicated stack.
•
The Category IV Flue appliance must have all vent
joints and seams sealed gas-tight
•
The flue products in the vent system will be cooled
below their dew point and form condensate in the flue
and must use AL29-4C material.
•
The flue from a Category II and IV vent system must
have a condensate drain with provisions to properly
collect and dispose of any condensate that may occur.
2.1.4
•
•
VENTING GUIDELINES FOR CATEGORY II
AND/OR IV VENTING
The installed length of the Positive pressure flue from
the appliance to the point of termination, outside of the
building, must not exceed a maximum of 100
equivalent feet (30.5M) in length. Depending on
diameter and centerline radius subtract from 7 to 19
feet per 90° elbow using published data. Subtract half
this value for each 45° elbow.
The flue may terminate either vertically at the roof top
or horizontally on a THRUWALL. See the information
about the specific vent termination location for
recommended location and clearances.
2.1.5
APPROVED VENTING MATERIALS
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Non-condensing
Category l Installations
1
2
3
4
9
“B” type.
Stainless Steel Single Wall (required when operating
appliance at low fire for long periods).
“C” Vent.
Equivalent or higher rated than above
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Non-condensing
Category lll Installations
1 Corrosion resistant stainless steel single wall.
2 AL29-4C or equivalent, single or double wall.
Exhaust Vent for Use for DynaFlame Condensing
Category ll or lV Installations
1
2
AL29-4Cor equivalent, Single or Double Wall.
“BH” type.
Vent material selection for condensing and near
condensing applications
Camus condensing and near condensing boilers/water
heaters are category II or IV appliances and the exhaust
vent material must be UL/ULC listed for use with category
IV appliances operating under positive pressure in
condensing flue gas service.
Currently, manufactured prefabricated UL/ULC listed vents
of AL29-4C or 316L stainless steel must be used with the
Camus condensing and near condensing boiler/water
heaters.
When selecting vent material take into consideration that
appliances installed near a corrosive or potentially corrosive
air supply must be isolated from it or they will suffer
damage to the appliance and the venting system.
The corrosion resistance of AL29-4C is typically higher than
that of 316L. Always choose the venting system which best
satisfies the requirements of the application.
This recommendation does not supersede local codes
or the provision of the B149 in Canada or the National
Fuel Gas Code in the United States
Intake Air (Supply Air, or Fresh Air) Piping
1
2
3
4
5
PVC Non Foam Core Pipe.
CPVC (Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride).
ABS (Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene).
Single wall, galvanized
Single wall, Stainless Steel
Single wall vent pipes are to be insulated 5 feet from wall
toward the interior of the building to minimize external
sweating.
2.1.6
•
•
•
•
VENT TERMINATION CLEARANCES
Do not terminate the vent in a window well, stairwell,
alcove, courtyard or other recessed area. The vent
cannot terminate below grade. The bottom of the vent
terminal shall be located at least 12 inches (30cm)
above grade and above normal snow levels. In all
cases the appliance shall be installed in accordance
with local codes.
To avoid a blocked flue condition, keep the vent
cap/terminal clear of snow, ice, leaves, debris, etc.
Flue gases from this appliance may contain large
amounts of water vapour that will form a white plume in
winter. Plume could obstruct a window view.
Flue gas condensate can freeze on exterior walls or on
the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can
result in a blocked flue condition. Some discoloration to
exterior building surfaces can be expected. Adjacent
brick or masonry surfaces should be protected with a
rust resistant sheet metal plate.
2.1.7
INLET CAP FOR ROOFTOP TERMINATION
The air inlet cap consists of two 90° elbows installed at the
point of termination for the air inlet pipe. The first 90° elbow
is installed on the rooftop at the highest vertical point of the
air inlet pipe and turned horizontal; the second 90° elbow is
screened and is installed on the horizontal outlet of the first
elbow and turned down. A 90° elbow and a 90° street elbow
may be used to make this assembly. If a straight piece of
pipe is used between the two elbows, it should not exceed
6" (150mm) in length.
2.1.8
•
•
•
•
•
LOCATION OF A ROOFTOP AIR INLET AND
VENT CAPS
The point of termination for the combustion air inlet cap
MUST be at least 3 feet (0.91M) below the point of flue
gas termination (vent cap) if it is located within a 5 foot
(1.5M) radius of the flue outlet. Use care to ensure that
the 90° elbow assembly is properly installed on the air
inlet pipe.
The termination point of the combustion air inlet cap
must be installed at least 3 feet (0.91M) above the
rooftop and above normal snow levels.
The vent cap assembly MUST be listed by nationally
recognized agencies.
Combustion air supplied from outdoors must be free of
contaminants. To prevent recirculation of flue products
in to the combustion air inlet, follow all instructions in
this section.
Incorrect installation and/or location of the air inlet cap
can allow flue products to be drawn back into the
appliance. This can result in incomplete combustion
and potentially hazardous levels of carbon monoxide in
the flue products. This will cause operational problems
with the appliance and if left uncorrected, will lead to
conditions that can cause personal injury or death.
2.1.9
AIR INLET DAMPER
In warmer climates, during cold weather, the use of ducted
outdoor air may result in the formation of condensation on
the interior panels of the combustion chamber. It may be
possible for this condensation to accumulate and drip out of
the appliance jacket. If this is not acceptable, it is advisable
to install a motorized combustion air damper in the
combustion air duct interlocked with the appliance’s start
circuit. In cold climates it is essential to provide a motorized
air inlet damper to control the supply of combustion air and
prevent nuisance condensation.
Figure 6: Air Inlet Damper Connection Inside J-Box
BLACK
BLUE
YELLOW
RED
2.1.10
CALL FOR HEAT
TO IGNITION
24VAC, COMMON
24VAC, CONST.
POWER
MASONARY CHIMNEY INSULATIONS
flue of a Condensing, positive or negative pressure
appliance (Category II or IV). If a masonry chimney is to be
used, the chimney MUST use a sealed, metallic, corrosion
resistant liner system to vent flue products from this high
efficiency appliance. Sealed, metallic, corrosion resistant
liner systems (AL29-4C or equivalent, single wall or doublewall, or flexible or rigid metallic liners) must be rated for use
with a high efficiency condensing, positive pressure vent
system. Corrosion resistant chimney liner systems are
typically made from a high grade of corrosion resistant
stainless steel such as AL29-4C or equivalent. The
corrosion resistant liner must be properly sized and fully
sealed throughout the entire length. If the flue is contained
within the masonry chimney both the top and the bottom of
the masonry chimney must be capped and sealed to
provide a dead air space around the sealed corrosion
resistant metallic liner.
Consult with local code officials to determine code
requirements or the advisability of using a masonry
chimney with a sealed corrosion resistant liner system.
2.1.11
•
•
•
•
VERTICAL VENTING TERMINATION
Follow Category II or IV vent termination and all
General instructions.
The vent terminal should be vertical and exhaust
outside the building at least 2 feet (0.61M) above the
highest point of the roof within a 10 foot (3.05M) radius
of the termination.
The vertical termination must be a minimum of 3 feet
(0.91M) above the point of exit.
A vertical termination less than 10 feet (3.05M) from a
parapet wall must be a minimum of 2 feet (0.61M)
higher than the parapet wall.
2.1.12
COMBINED COMBUSTION AIR INLET
The air inlet pipes from multiple appliances can be
combined to a single common connection if the common air
inlet pipe has a cross sectional area equal to or larger than
the total area of all air inlet pipes connected to the common
air inlet pipe.
2
2
2
Equivalent pipe diameter = Sq Root [(d1) + (d2) + (d3) +
2
2
(d4) +……+ (dn) ], d, pipe diameter
Example: What is equivalent pipe diameter of three air
inlet pipes, 8" (20.3 cm), 10” (25.4 cm) and 12” (30.5
cm)
2
2
2
Equivalent pipe diameter = Sq Root [(8) + (10) + (12) ] =
Sq Root (308) = 17.5”, Select 18” (82.8 cm) diameter pipe
or larger.
The air inlet point for multiple boiler air inlets must be
provided with an exterior opening which has a free area
equal to or greater than the total area of all air inlet pipes
connected to the common air inlet. This exterior opening for
combustion air must connect directly to the outdoors. The
total length of the combined air inlet pipe must not exceed a
maximum of 100” (30.5M) equivalent feet. You must deduct
the restriction in area provided by any screens, grills or
louvers installed in the common air inlet point. Screens,
grills or louvers installed in the common air inlet can reduce
the free area of the opening from 25% to 75% based on the
materials used. Calculate and compensate accordingly for
the restriction.
Always follow local codes when venting this appliance into
a masonry chimney. A standard masonry chimney must
NOT be used to vent the products of combustion from the
10
2.1.13
DRAIN TEE
•
chimney. The chimney must be lined. And a single
acting barometric damper must be provided for each
appliance. Vent diameters are to be increased over
and above those recommended in Table 5.
The chimney must be protected from down drafts, rain
and debris by using a listed chimney cap.
If the appliance is located in a room maintained at low
temperature and is being run for extended periods of
time at low fire it is likely that condensation will be
formed in the vent. Consideration must be given to
heating the room or providing a special venting system
similar to that used for condensing appliance
application
•
CONDENSING
•
The DynaFlame condensing version is a category II
appliance and is approved for venting into a common
properly designed chimney. On single appliance
installations with dedicated chimney, if drafts are
excessive (above negative 0.15 Inches W.C.), we
recommend a single acting barometric damper.
A qualified professional using a proven vent-sizing
program with input of accurate operating parameters
must properly do sizing of the venting system. In
applications where flue gas temperatures are lower
than can support a Category II with conventional
negative draft, it will be determined at the venting
design stage that a positive pressure will be developed
in the vent. It will then be necessary to either provide
separate vents as for Category IV, pressurize the room
or to provide an extractor at the chimney outlet
interlocked with the appliance operating circuit in order
to maintain a negative draft in the chimney and allow
common venting.
Approval of the installation will be at the discretion of
authorities having jurisdiction.
Figure 7: Drain “T” and Neutralizer Cartridge
Installation
•
•
A drain tee MUST be installed in the Condensing vent pipe
to collect and dispose of any condensate that may occur in
the vent system. The drain tee should be installed at the
point where the flue turns vertical for a roof top termination
or as one of the first fittings in a horizontal flue that will
terminate on a THRUWALL. Ensure that horizontal portions
of the vent are properly sloped to allow condensate to be
evacuated at the drain tee. Plastic drain tubing, sized per
the vent manufacturer’s instructions, shall be provided as a
drain line from the tee. The drain tubing must have a trap
provided by a 4" (10cm)-diameter circular trap loop in the
drain tubing. Prime the trap loop by pouring a small quantity
of water into the drain hose before assembly to the vent.
Secure the trap loop in position with nylon ties. Use caution
not to collapse or restrict the condensate drain line with the
nylon wire ties. The condensate drain must be routed to the
condensate neutralization system or a suitable drain for
disposal of condensate that may occur in the vent system.
Ensure that the drain from the condensate tee is not
exposed to freezing temperature.
2.2
NON – CONDENSING
•
The DynaFlame non-condensing is a category I
appliance and is approved for venting into a common
standard chimney. On single appliance installations
with dedicated chimney if drafts are excessive (above
negative 0.15 Inches W.C.), install a single acting
barometric damper directly past the appliance’s flue
outlet. A minimum draft of 0.05 Inches W.C is required
for operation. This damper will control excessive draft
& minimize standby losses.
Multiple appliances may be vented into a conventional
•
•
IN GENERAL
•
The operation of exhaust fans, compressors, air
handling units etc. can rob air from the room, creating
a negative pressure condition leading to reversal of the
natural draft action of the venting system. Under these
circumstances an engineered air supply is necessary.
If the appliance is to be installed near a corrosive or
potentially corrosive air supply, the appliance must be
isolated from it and outside air should be supplied as
per code.
Potentially corrosive atmospheres will result from
exposure to permanent wave solution, chlorinated
waxes and cleaners, chlorine, water softening
chemicals, carbon tetrachloride, halogen based
refrigerants, Freon cleaning solvents, hydrochloric
acid, cements and glues, masonry washing materials,
antistatic fabric softeners, dry cleaning solvents,
degreasing liquids, printing inks, paint removers, etc.
The equipment room MUST be provided with properly
sized openings to assure adequate combustion air and
proper ventilation when the unit is installed with a
proper venting system.
•
•
CONVENTIONAL VENTING (INDOOR)
INSTALLATIONS
•
11
•
•
2.2.1
AIR REQUIRED FOR COMBUSTION AND
VENTILATION
If air is taken directly from outside the building with no duct,
provide two permanent openings:
a) Net free area for combustion air opening shall be in
accordance with all applicable codes. In the absence of
such codes provide combustion air opening with a
minimum free area of one square inch per 7000 Btuh
input (5.5 cm per kW) up to 1,000,000 Btuh and one
square inch per 14,000 Btuh in excess of 1.000,000
Btuh. This opening must be ducted no .higher than 18”
nor less than 6” above the floor. Provide a ventilation
air opening located as high as practical in the room
sized no less than 10% of the air supply opening.
b) Provision for combustion and ventilation must be in
accordance with :
•
Applicable sections of The National Fuel Gas ode
ANSI Z223.1
•
Applicable sections of CAN/CGA B149 installation
Codes
•
Applicable provisions of the local building codes.
NOTE
Outside air openings shall directly communicate with the
outdoors.
CAUTION
Under no circumstances should the mechanical room ever
be under a negative pressure. Particular care should be
taken where exhaust fan, attic fans, clothes dryers,
compressors, air handling units, etc., may take away air
from the unit.
2.2.2
EXHAUST FANS
Any fan or equipment which exhausts air from the
equipment room may deplete the combustion air supply
and/or cause a downdraft in the venting system through a
barometric damper if installed. Spillage of flue products
from the venting system into an occupied living space can
cause a very hazardous condition that must be immediately
corrected.
2.3
OUTDOOR VENTING
The DynaFlame windproof cabinet protects the unit from
weather, when fitted with the factory supplied air intake and
UL approved vent cap (93-0298), it will be self-venting and
suitable for outdoor installation.
Outdoor models must be installed outdoors and must
use the Air Intake and Vent Cap supplied by Camus
Hydronics.
2. Periodically check to ensure that air intake and vent
cap are not obstructed.
3. Locate appliance at least 3 feet away from any
overhang.
4. Locate appliance at least ten feet from building air
intake.
5. Avoid installation in areas where runoff from adjacent
building can spill onto appliance.
For outdoor installations, always consider the use of a
shelter such as a garden shed in lieu of direct exposure of
the appliance to the elements. The additional protection
afforded by the shelter will help to minimize nuisance
problems with electrical connections and will allow easier
servicing of the appliance under severe weather conditions.
2.4
THRUWALL VENTING
When fitted with the factory supplied vent terminal, the
DynaFlame can vent up to 100 equivalent feet. Elbows can
range from 7 to 19 feet in equivalent length depending on
centreline radius. Refer to table 4 for vent sizes.
Appliances may be installed with either a horizontal
sidewall vent or vertical roof top vent. Terminals differ with
each application. Horizontal lengths over 5 feet must be
installed using corrosion resistant stainless steel. Use
single wall vent and seal all joints or use pressure rated
double wall vent.
When using single wall vent, all vent connector seams and
joints must be sealed with pressure sensitive aluminium
tape or silicone sealant as specified by the vent
manufacturer. Aluminium tape must meet the provisions of
SMACNA AFTS-100-73 Standard.
When venting through unheated spaces, use venting
material which will minimize flue gas condensation inside
the vent. Provisions must be made for collecting and
disposing of any condensation which may occur. The
authorities having jurisdiction must approve venting.
Periodically check to ensure that the vent terminal is
unobstructed.
This venting system uses the appliance’s internal
combustion air fan to force the flue products out
horizontally. Vent cap and venting must be listed type
Category IV vent materials.
The DynaFlame fan generates a positive pressure in the
flue. Combustion air is drawn from the equipment room The
THRUWALL termination caps are available from the factory
as a kit. Refer to local codes for proper installation and
location of vent terminals.
2.4.1
•
•
1.
•
•
THRUWALL VENT CAP (14-0090) THRUWALL
INTAKE AIR CAP (14-0101)
The THRUWALL vent cap kit includes the wall
penetration assembly and the discharge screen
assembly.
The opening through the wall for installation of the
THRUWALL vent cap must provide an air space
clearance of 1 inch (2.5cm) around the flue pipe. The
diameter of the opening for installation of the
THRUWALL vent cap will be 2 inches (5cm) larger
than the nominal diameter of the installed vent pipe to
the THRUWALL vent cap. The diameter of the opening
for the air inlet cap will be the same as the nominal
size of the pipe.
Install the proper vent pipe to the vent cap (provided by
Camus Hydronics).
Follow all requirements in the General Venting sections
for venting flue products to the outdoors.
12
2.4.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
The vent cap shall terminate at least 3 feet (1M) above
any forced air inlet within 10 feet (3M) horizontally.
The vent cap MUST NOT terminate below a forced air
intake at any distance.
Do not terminate the vent in a window well, stairwell,
alcove, courtyard or other recessed area. The vent
cannot terminate below grade.
The vent shall not terminate less than 7 feet above a
public walkway due to the normal formation of water
vapour in the combustion process.
The vent system shall terminate at least 3 foot (1M)
above grade, above normal snow levels and at least 7
feet (2.15M) above grade when located adjacent to
public walkways.
The vent terminal shall not be installed closer than 3
feet (1M) from an inside corner of an L-shaped
structure.
The vent cap should have a minimum clearance of 4
feet (1.25M) horizontally from and in no case above or
below, unless a 4-foot (1.25 m) horizontal distance is
maintained from electric meters, gas meters, regulators
and relief equipment. In all cases local codes take
precedence.
Flue gas condensate can freeze on exterior walls or on
the vent cap. Frozen condensate on the vent cap can
result in a blocked flue condition. Some discoloration to
exterior building surfaces can be expected. Adjacent
brick or masonry surfaces should be protected with a
rust resistant sheet metal plate.
The THRUWALL vent cap MUST be purchased as a kit
from the factory to ensure proper operation. Locally
purchased or fabricated THRUWALL vent caps should
not be used.
2.4.3
•
•
LOCATION OF A THRUWALL VENT
TERMINATION
LOCATION OF A “THRUWALL” AIR INLET CAP
The termination point of the THRUWALL air inlet must
be installed a minimum of 3 feet above ground level
and above normal levels of snow accumulation.
The point of termination for the THRUWALL
combustion air inlet cap MUST be located a minimum
of 3 feet (1M) horizontally and 12 inches (0.30M) below
the point of flue gas termination (vent cap) if it is
located within a 10 foot (3M) radius of the flue outlet.
2.4.4
LENGTH OF AIR INLET PIPE
The maximum total length of the THRUWALL or vertical
roof top combustion air inlet pipe as installed from the
appliance to the air inlet cap must not exceed (100 ft)
equivalent feet (30.5m) in length. Subtract 7 (2.13 m) to 19
feet (5.8 m) of equivalent length depending on centreline
radius for each 90° elbow installed in the air inlet pipe
system. Pressure drop in 45° elbow will be half as much.
Do not exceed limits for the combustion air inlet piping
lengths.
13
PART 3
GAS CONNECTION
Verify that the appliance is supplied with the type gas
specified on the rating plate. Consult factory for installations
at high altitude.
3.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
GAS CONNECTION
Safe operation of unit requires properly sized gas
supply piping. See gas line sizing data.
Gas pipe size may be larger than appliance
connection.
Installation of a union at the appliance gas line
connection is required for ease of service and removal
of the gas train.
Install a manual main gas shutoff valve, outside of the
appliance gas connection as require by local codes.
A trap (drip leg) MUST be provided in the inlet gas
connection to the appliance.
Optional gas controls may require routing of bleeds
and vents to the atmosphere, outside the building
when required by local codes. required by local codes.
Larger models of this appliance may be supplied with a
gas pressure relief valve. This valve is designed to
relieve lockup pressure in excess of the high gas
pressure switch setting. It must be piped to discharge
excess gas pressure through the valve to a safe
location in accordance with local codes. Follow table 6
for sizing the vent line.
Table 5: Gas Pressure Relief Valve – Vent Manifold
Sizing Chart
Size of Combined Vent Line (Sch. 40
pipe)*
Qty. of Pressure
Relief Valves
being combined
Pressure Relief
Valve Size - 3/4"
NPT
Pressure Relief
Valve Size - 1"
NPT
1
3/4"
1"
2
1"
1 1/4"
3
1 1/4"
1 1/2"
4
1 1/4"
2"
5
1 1/2"
2"
6
1 1/2"
2"
7
2"
2 1/2"
8
2"
2 1/2"
*Up to 50 feet. Increase by one pipe size for every 50 feet
or part thereof that the vent line extends beyond the initial
50 feet. The increase is to be made at the connection to the
relief valve.
Table 6: Recommended Gas Pipe Size
Single Appliance Installation
(For distance from natural gas meter or propane second
stage regulator)
Input
0 – 100 FT
101 – 200 FT
201 – 300 FT
Btu/
Hr x
NAT.
L.P.
NAT.
L.P.
NAT.
L.P.
1000
500
1 ½“
1 ¼“
2”
1 ½”
2”
1 ½”
750
2”
1 ½“
2”
1 ½“
2 ½”
2”
1,100
2”
1 ½“
2”
1 ½“
2 ½”
2”
1,200
2”
1 ½“
2 ½”
2”
2 ½”
2”
1,500
2 ½”
2”
2 ½”
2”
3”
2 ½”
1,750
2 ½”
2”
3”
2 ½”
3”
2 ½”
2,000
2 ½”
2”
3”
2 ½”
3”
2 ½”
2,500
3”
2 ½”
3”
2 ½”
3 1/2”
3”
3,000
3”
2 ½”
3”
2 ½”
3 1/2”
3”
3,500
3”
2 ½”
3 ½”
3”
4”
3 ½”
4,000
3 ½”
3”
4”
3 ½”
4”
3 ½”
4,500
3 ½”
3”
4”
3 ½”
4”
3 ½”
5,000
4”
3 ½”
4”
3 ½”
5”
4”
6,000
4”
3 ½”
4”
3 ½”
5”
4”
3.2
GAS PIPING
All gas connections must be made with pipe joint
compound resistant to the action of liquefied petroleum and
natural gas. All piping must comply with local codes and
ordinances.
3.3
INSTALL PIPING
•
The gas line should sufficient to handle the total
installed capacity. Verify pipe size with gas supplier.
•
Use new, properly threaded black iron pipe free from
burrs. Avoid flexible gas connections. Internal diameter
of flexible gas lines may not provide appliance with
proper volume of gas.
•
Install a manual main gas shutoff valve at the
appliance gas inlet, outside of the appliance and before
the gas valve. Install a joint union at the appliance gas
line connection for ease of service and removal of the
gas train.
•
Run pipe to the Appliance gas inlet.
•
Install a sediment trap in the supply line to the
Appliance gas inlet.
•
Apply a moderate amount of good quality pipe
compound.
•
For LP gas, consult your LP gas supplier for expert
installation.
The appliance and its individual gas shut-off valve must be
disconnected from the supply piping when pressure testing
the gas supply piping at pressures above ½ PSI
Table 7: Gas Pressures at Inlet to Appliance
Minimum (inches W.C.)
Maximum (inches W.C.)
PROPANE
NATURAL GAS
11
11
4.5*
14
* 3” for 500 and 750 models. 3.5” for 1100 and 1200
models. 4.5” for models 1500 – 6000. Recommended
regulator settings is 7.0” w.c
Before operating the appliance, the complete gas train and
all connections must be tested using soap solution.
Verify that the appliance is supplied with the type gas
specified on the rating plate. Heating values of local natural
3
gas are to be between 950 and 1010 Btu/ft . Consult factory
if heating values are outside this range or if a gas with a
mixture of constituents is being used.
3.4
AIR/GAS RATIO VALVE
The main gas valves supplying gas to the burner for models
2000 to 5000 on this appliance utilize a servo pressure
regulator providing a slow opening, fast closing safety shut
off and an air/gas ratio control valve for the gas combustion
process. This gas valve controls the pressure difference
across the flow orifice in the manifold supply line as a
function of the pressure difference across the combustion
air supply to the burner. The actuator maintains a constant
air to gas ratio as the volume of air changes based on the
operation of the combustion air fan. The valve is a 1:1
differential pressure air/gas ratio controller. The valve
generates the same pressure difference on the gas side as
it senses on the air side. Models 300 to 1800 utilize a 1:1
ratio dual seat negative pressure gas valve. Models 2000 –
3000 utilize a 1:1 air/gas ratio control valve and a safety
solenoid valve. Models 3500 – 5000 utilize a 1:1 air/gas
ratio control and regulating gas valve. The regulating gas
valve performs the functions of a pressure regulator, safety
shutoff. Full closing of the valve seat occurs in less than 0.8
seconds when the valve is de-energized. Operation of the
gas valve in combination with the combustion air fan allows
the burner input rate to vary from 20% to 100% based on
temperature demand. The inlet gas supply pressure must
be maintained within the specified minimum and maximum
pressures.
The air/gas ratio is preset at the factory and adjustment is
not usually required if gas supply pressure is maintained
within the specified range.
There are no serviceable parts on the dual seat negative
pressure air/gas ratio valve control.
A reduction of up to 30% is permitted in the inlet gas
pressure between light off and full fire conditions.
If the manifold differential pressure is to be measured, refer
to section 3.8 Checking Differential Air and Gas Pressures
for proper measurement.
Figure 8: DF500 – 1750 1:1 Negative Pressure Air Gas
Ratio Control Valve
Lift top cover to access high fire
air/gas ratio adjustment
(use 3mm allen key for adjustment,
counter-clockwise increases CO2)
Low fire air/gas ratio adjustment
(use T-40 for adjustment,
clockwise increases CO2)
Gas Inlet
The gas supply line must be of adequate size to prevent
undue pressure drop and must never be smaller than the
size of the connection on the appliance. Sizing based on
Table 7 is recommended.
14
Figure 9: DF2000-60041:1 Air/Gas Ratio Control Valve
3.6
GAS MANIFOLD DIFFERENTIAL
PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT (DF2000 –
DF6004)
Tampering with gas valve adjustments after startup and
commissioning will void the warranty on the gas valve
assembly and the burner.
Figure 10: DR3500 – 5000 SKP25 Regulating Gas
Valve Actuator &SSOV
3.5 DIFFERENTIAL AIR PRESSURE (DF2000 6004)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
15
The DynaFlame operates on the principle of differential
pressures. Operation of the fan generates a signal
which is matched on the gas side by the 1 to 1 air/gas
ratio control valve.
The differential air pressure measurement is made
between the high and low pressure taps across the fan
discharge and the flue vent. All differential air
pressures are noted at full firing rate. There are two
pressure taps at the fan discharge and care must be
taken to tee into the correct line. The correct line may
be identified by tracing it back to the ratio control valve
where the identification of the tapping is stamped into
the die cast actuator.
The differential gas pressure measurement is made
between the high and low pressure taps across the inline metering gas orifice. Check this value to confirm
that it matches the differential air pressure while the
appliance is firing.
The controls on this appliance may fire the burner from
35% up to 100% for non-condensing and from 20% up
to 100 % for near-condensing and condensing of rated
input.
Differential manifold gas pressure will be reduced as
burner input is reduced.
All reference gas pressure measurements must be
made at 100% of rated burner input.
The differential gas manifold pressure is pre-set at the
factory through the ratio gas valve. Adjustment of
manifold pressure is not normally required for proper
operation. In the field it may be necessary to adjust the
low fire adjustment screw located on the ratio control
valve actuator in order to achieve acceptable light off
under soft start field conditions.
Always check settings posted on boiler test label.
The appliance’s manifold gas pressure IS NOT field
adjustable after startup and commissioning. The gas valve
pressure ratios have been factory set with an internal bias
adjustment to ensure a 1:1 air/gas ratio on operation.
Tampering with this adjustment by a non-factory trained
technician will void the warranty on the gas valve assembly
and the burner. An appliance supplied with a properly sized
gas line, properly sized meter and a minimum gas supply
pressure (See Table 8 for minimum allowable inlet gas
supply pressure) while firing at full rate will ensure full
burner input. The manifold pressure supplied to the burner
is a differential pressure. This pressure is the result of the
difference in two gas pressure measurements. A differential
manifold gas pressure measurement should not be made
until you have measured the gas supply pressure. Gas
supply pressure must be at least at minimum allowed with
all appliances on the gas line firing at full rate before a
manifold pressure measurement is made. Use the following
procedure to check gas supply pressure with a manometer
connected to the inlet pressure tap on the gas line
connection at the rear of the appliance.
3.7
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CHECKING GAS SUPPLY PRESSURE
Turn the main power switch to “OFF” position.
Shut off gas supply at the manual gas cock in the gas
piping to the appliance. If fuel supply is LP gas, shut off
gas supply at the tank.
Models 500 – 3000: Remove the 1/8" hex plug from
the gas pressure test port located on the inlet gas
supply connection at the rear of the appliance. Install a
fitting in the inlet pressure tapping suitable to connect
to a manometer or magnahelic gauge. Range of scale
should be 0 to 14 inch W.C. or greater to check inlet
pressure
Models 3500 – 5000: Remove the 1/8” hex plug
downstream of the SKP25. Install a fitting in the inlet
pressure tapping suitable to connect to a manometer
or magnahelic gauge. Range of scale should be 0 to
14 inch W.C. or greater to check inlet pressure
Turn on gas supply at the field installed manual gas
cock; turn on LP gas at tank if required.
Turn the power switch to “ON” position.
Adjust the thermostat set point to call for heat.
Observe the gas supply pressure as the burner fires at
100% of rated input.
Ensure inlet pressure is within specified range.
Minimum and maximum gas supply pressures are
specified in Gas Supply section of this manual.
If gas pressure is out of range, contact the gas utility,
gas supplier, qualified installer or service agency to
determine necessary steps to provide proper gas
pressure to the control.
If gas supply pressure is within normal range, proceed
to remove gas manometer and replace pressure tap
fittings in the gas piping to the appliance.
Turn on gas supply at the manual valve; turn on LP
gas at tank if required.
Turn the power switch to “ON” position.
•
•
Adjust the thermostat temperature set point to the
desired water temperature so the appliance will call for
heat.
Check appliance performance by cycling the system
while you observe burner response. The burner should
ignite promptly. Flame pattern should be stable, see
“Maintenance-Normal Flame Pattern.” Turn system off
and allow burner to cool, then cycle burner again to
ensure proper ignition and flame characteristics.
3.8
CHECKING DIFFERENTIAL AIR AND GAS
PRESSURES (DF2000 - DF6004)
Figure 11 – Differential Air Pressure Manometer
Connection
IMPORTANT
Upon completion of any testing on the gas system, leak test
all gas connections with a soap solution while the main
burner is firing. Immediately repair any leak found in the
gas train or related components. DO NOT operate an
appliance with a leak in the gas train, valves or related gas
piping.
3.7.1
Regulated Gas Supply Pressures for
DynaFlame Boilers & Water Heaters
A stable gas supply pressure is extremely important to
avoid rough starts with machines like the DynaFlame which
use a 1 to 1 ratio control valve for internal gas pressure
regulation.
Camus requires that all DynaFlame models equipped with
the SKP25 be supplied with no more than 1 PSI incoming
supply pressure. This means that lockup pressure must not
exceed 1 PSI. For models NOT incorporating the SKP25
lockup pressure must not be in excess of 14” w.c.
It is paramount that maximum lockup pressure be
confirmed before any attempt is made to start up the
appliance.
•
•
•
A suitable lockup regulator with internal or external relief
will not exceed running pressure by more than 20%, which
means that the regulator must be capable of rated gas flow
with a maximum running supply pressure of 7.5” W.C.
When required the boiler should be installed with a final
stage gas regulator that is to be located as close as
possible but no more than 10 feet from the appliance.
•
It is paramount that maximum lockup pressure be
confirmed before any attempt is made to start up the
appliance.
Operating the DynaFlame at lockup pressures exceeding
the recommended levels can lead to delayed ignitions and
damage to the appliance.
•
The 1 to1 air/gas ratio control actuator has embossed
markings identifying + air – air, + gas & - gas
connections. Using a test hose assembly fitted with
tees, connections can be made from the manometer to
the appropriate ports on the actuator.
Using tees connect a hose from the positive air and the
negative air to each of the two sides of a manometer.
This will allow the two pressure points to be measured
while at the same time the actuator still receives the
proper operating signal.
If a second manometer is available it can be connected
to the appropriate gas ports. Typically the gas signal
will closely follow the air signal on all models. If the
incoming gas pressure reduces significantly as the
Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) accelerates to 60 Hz
the gas signal may lag behind the air signal by up to
15%. This will occur once the actuator has driven
downwards as far as it can go. The amount that the
actuator has opened is registered by an indicator arm
which is visible through the view window.
As the appliance comes on and fires, record the
maximum inches of water column which is achieved at
60 Hz on the VFD using start-up report form (93-0130).
To
adjust
this
differential
pressure
when
commissioning the appliance, use the adjusting screw
on the air shutter to the fan. . Readings are to
correspond to the values shown on the test sticker. In
all cases the final adjustment is to be made using a
combustion analyzer. Depending on field conditions
differential pressures will have to be adjusted
accordingly. Typically with long lateral runs the
differential signal as read will be reduced from the
value shown on the test sticker. The opposite will occur
with tall stacks where drafts exceed negative
0.15“W.C.
If the appliance will not light off and the blue ‘main
flame’ light is coming on but not staying on then it will
be necessary to adjust the low fire as explained in the
detailed start-up procedure.
16
3.9
GAS TRAIN AND CONTROLS
3.11
Figure 12: Typical Gas Train (DF2000 – 3000)
Figure 13: Typical Gas Train (DR 3500 – 5000)
Metering
Valve
Differential High
Gas Switch
Low Gas Switch
Control Valve
Regulator Valve
Firing
Valve
Main Manual
Valve
Fan Inlet
3.10
VENTING OF GAS VALVES AND
PRESSURE SWITCHES
The optional gas pressure switches may be provided with
threaded termination points to be vented to the
atmosphere, outside the building. The gas pressure
regulation function is provided by the ratio gas valve which
does not require installation of a vent line. The optional gas
pressure switches are installed in the upper chamber of the
appliance. Threaded vent line connections from
components requiring an external vent line are provided on
the component. These vent line connection points may be
accessed by removing the top of the appliance. Local
codes may require the routing of these bleeds and vents to
the atmosphere, outside the building. Proper routing of vent
lines to the atmosphere from the factory supplied
termination points is the responsibility of the installing
contractor.
17
BURNER
Figure 14: Burner
This appliance uses a single cylindrical burner installed
vertically into the cavity located in the center of the primary
heat exchanger. There is a unique burner for each one of
the sixteen models.
Burners may NOT be interchanged between different Btu/hr
input models. The burner consists of a round mounting
flange welded to a mixing tube. The top side of the mixing
tube provides the transition which mounts the discharge
from the combustion air fan into the burner. The bottom
side of the mixing tube is attached to a stainless steel
perforated sleeve. This stainless steel sleeve is covered
with a knitted alloy material that forms the burner port
surface. The knitted burner port material is called metal
fiber which is a unique alloy of iron, chrome, aluminum and
several rare earth metals. This alloy is designed to operate
stress free as a burner port surface. The burner port
surface can sustain operation from a blue flame down to
infrared conditions as the burner input varies. In order to
maximize the operating life of the burner, the normal
operating mode for the DynaFlame is a blue flame. Infrared
operation will occur only if air to gas adjustments is
incorrect. If infrared operation is noted the cause must be
corrected.
Model 300 – 2500: Direct ignition is standard. The burner
mounting flange provides a flame view port and the
mounting point for the hot surface igniter and the flame
sensor.
Model 3000 – 5000: Proven pilot ignition is standard. The
burner mounting flange provides a flame view port, the
mounting point for the hot surface igniter, a connection to
the pilot tube and the flame sensor.
The hot surface igniter and flame sensor are removable
from the burner mounting flange without removing the
burner assembly from the heat exchanger.
Never use an open flame (match, lighter, etc.) to check
gas connections.
PART 4
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
WATER CONNECTION
Check all applicable local heating, plumbing and
building safety codes before proceeding.
If the appliance is installed above radiation level it must
be provided with a low water cut-off device at the time
of appliance installation (available from factory). Some
local codes require the installation of a low water cutoff on all systems.
A pressure relief valve is supplied with each
DynaFlame. The relief valve must be mounted in a
vertical position and piped to the floor in a manner
acceptable to the enforcing authority.
Minimum operating system pressure should not drop
below 30 PSIG. A minimum pressure relief valve
setting of 30 PSIG is recommended.
Be sure to provide unions and gate valves at inlet and
outlet to the appliance so that it can be easily isolated
for service. The provision of a flow setter valve at the
appliance outlet will facilitate setting of the proper flow
at the desired temperature rise at high fire. It is
particularly important to confirm proper temperature
rise for domestic hot water applications. Improper flows
can lead to premature tube failure from erosion or
scaling and will not be covered by warranty.
This appliance is a low mass design which provides for
instant heat transfer. Special attention to water flow
rates will ensure that temperature rise is not excessive.
See Table 9.
To eliminate trapped air, install venting devices at high
points in the system as well as in the piping on the
suction of the pump and in the piping on the discharge
of the appliance.
Use suitable pipe hangers or floor stands to support
the weight of all water and gas piping.
Always pump toward the heat exchanger inlet. Never
pump away from the exchanger since this will result in
a low-pressure zone, which will allow localized boiling
and result in heat exchanger damage.
Do not allow the appliance to run with inlet water
temperature below 115ºF (46ºC) for non-condensing
o
o
and 130 F (55 C) for near-condensing and condensing
appliances.
DynaFlame must be installed so that the gas ignition
system components are protected from water
(dripping, spraying, rain, etc.) during appliance
operation and service (circulator replacement, control
replacement, etc.)
Figure 15: Typical Space Heating System
4.1
•
FREEZE PROTECTION
Appliance installations are not recommended outdoors
in areas where danger of freezing exists unless
precautions are taken. Maintaining a mixture of 50%
water and 50% propylene glycol is the preferred
method of freeze protection in hydronic systems. This
mixture will protect the appliance to approximately 35ºF (-37ºC). To maintain the same temperature rise
across the appliance increase the GPM flow by 15%
and the head loss by 20%.
The following example demonstrates the procedure to
follow for calculating the revised head for the heat
exchanger when using a water / glycol mixture.
•
•
•
•
•
4.2
Given that Camus is showing a heat exchanger
flow and head loss of 100 gpm @ 10 feet
Increasing the flow by 15% now results in a head
loss of 13 feet at 115 gpm (from B&G system syzer).
At this increased flow Camus now recommends to
increase the head loss by 20%.
The requirement for the heat exchanger with water
/ glycol mixture will now be 115 gpm @ 15.6 feet.
(ie. 1.2 x 13ft. = 15.6 ft.)
A similar procedure must be followed to calculate
the additional head loss in pipe and fittings in
order to arrive at the proper pump selection.
For Outdoor installations in colder climates a snow
screen should be installed to prevent snow and ice
accumulation on and around the appliance. Regular
inspections should be made to ensure that air intake
and vent are free of snow and ice. Always consider the
use of a shelter such as a garden shed in lieu of direct
exposure of the appliance to the elements. The
additional protection afforded by the shelter will help to
minimize
nuisance
problems
with
electrical
connections and will allow easier servicing of the
appliance under severe weather conditions.
WARNING REGARDING CHILLED WATER
& HEATING COIL SYSTEMS
When an appliance is connected to an air conditioning
system where the same water is used for heating and
cooling, the chiller must be piped in parallel with the
appliance. Appropriate flow control valves; manual or
motorized must be provided to prevent the chilled water
from entering the appliance.
The appliance piping system of a hot water boiler
connected to heating coils located in air handling units
where they may be exposed to refrigerated air circulation
must be equipped with flow control valves or other
automatic means to prevent gravity circulation of the boiler
water during the cooling cycle.
18
Figure 16: Chilled Water System
Return Water Temperatures Required for DynaFlame
Boilers & Water Heaters
Minimum acceptable return water temperatures are
determined by the category of the heater. This is
true for all manufacturers.
4.3
•
•
4.4
INLET AND OUTLET CONNECTIONS
All water connections meet American National
Standard Pipe Threads (NPT).
For ease of service, install unions on inlet and outlet of
the appliance. The connection to the appliance marked
“Inlet” on the header should be used for return from the
system. The connection on the header marked “Outlet”
is to be connected to the supply side of the system.
MINIMUM PIPE SIZE REQUIREMENTS
Minimum water pipe connections are as follow for
DynaFlame for single unit installations. The equivalent
number of straight feet of pipe for each valve and fitting in
the connecting piping must be considered to properly arrive
at the total equivalent feet of straight pipe in the field
installed piping to the appliance. See the piping
requirements in Part 11 - Installation section of this manual.
Consult factory if longer piping distances are required for a
specific application.
4.5
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER
This appliance uses copper finned tubing to maximize the
heat transfer process. The primary heat exchanger is
comprised of vertical tubes rolled directly into two circular
bronze headers. This heat exchanger is design to withstand
160 PSIG working pressure. A series of “V” shaped baffles
are installed between the individual tubes to control the
movement of the flue products over the finned tubes to
maximize efficiencies.
A factory recommended circulating pump ensures proper
water flow during burner operation and creates enough
water turbulence inside the copper tubes and header that
prevents the formation of sediments. Temperature rise and
erosion prevention in the primary heat exchanger are
controlled by the selection of a properly sized circulating
pump. To ensure proper operation and ensure longevity of
this heat exchanger minimum inlet water temperatures of
115ºF (46ºC) MUST BE maintained for non-condensing
models and 130 ºF (55ºC) for near-condensing and
condensing models.
When return water temperatures are below the
recommended temperature, the flue products passing
through the copper finned tubes will be cooled below their
dew point resulting in the formation of corrosive
condensation on the copper which shorten its life. Under
these conditions condensation will collect in the base of the
inner
combustion
chamber.
Follow
the
piping
recommendations given for low water temperature systems
if water temperatures are expected to be below the
recommended value. During initial operation of the
appliance in a cold system some condensation will be
generated but it will be quickly evaporated once the system
return temperature reaches 115ºF (46ºC).
19
A category I machine like the non-condensing version of
the DynaFlame 85% efficient model can be operated with
o
return water temperatures as low as 115ºF (46 C) provided
that the control algorithm is correct. Proper operation
requires initial startup of the machine followed by ramp up
to high fire. This sequence minimizes initial condensation
and generates stack temperatures which dry up initial
condensation in the vent.
Category II machines like the near condensing version
DynaFlame 88% efficient model (DFX) and the condensing
DynaFlame 95% efficient can be operated down to 20%
firing rate from initial startup. These machines must be
o
operated with a return water temp of at least 130ºF (55 C)
to the primary heat exchanger in order to avoid
condensation there. For these appliances condensation in
the vent is not an issue because they are installed with a
special venting system designed to withstand the corrosive
action of condensate.
The Camus designs are versatile and user friendly, they
deliver optimal performance by taking full advantage of
existing site conditions in order to maximize energy
savings.
IMPORTANT
Operating this appliance at return water temperatures
below the recommended temperature (except initial heat
up) may cause primary heat exchanger to fail and may
eventually cause hazardous conditions that may result in
personal injury or non-warrantable damage to the unit.
4.6
LOW WATER TEMPERATURE SYSTEMS
All DynaFlame heaters can be configured for low water
temperature applications including open water reservoir
heating.
Recirculation loops required for these applications can be
set up in the field or they can be supplied pre-piped from
the factory.
In applications where the heating system requires supply
water temperatures below the recommended temperature,
a bypass line must be installed upstream of the appliance
pump so that outlet water can be re-circulated to raise the
inlet temp to a minimum of the recommended temperature.
Balancing valves, preferably circuit setter or globe valves
are used to adjust flow. (See Figure 16)
Figure 17: Typical Low-Water Temperature System
(Non-Condensing)
Figure 18: Typical Instantaneous Water Heating
System
Table 8: Flow and Pressure Drop at a Given
Temperature Rise
Model
Heat
Exchanger
Water
Content
(USG)
Note: For applications where large volumes of water are
heated from ground water temperatures to process
temperatures, it will be necessary to provide a modulating
three way valve or thermostatic valve in lieu of a fixed
bypass line.
DF500
DF750
DF1100
DF1200
DF1500
DF1750
DF2000
DF2500
DF3000
DF3500
DF4000
DF4500
DF5000
DF4504
DF5004
DF6004
2.5
2.9
3.5
3.5
6.3
6.6
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.4
8.9
9.3
9.7
9.3
9.7
10.2
4.7
4.8
Adjustment Procedure
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Fully open bypass and outlet valves.
With appliance running, read appliance inlet
temperature after 15 minutes.
If inlet temperature is less than the recommended
temperature slowly close outlet valve until the inlet
temperature climbs to slightly above the recommended
temperature.
If inlet temperature is greater than the recommended
temperature but not greater than 140°F no further
adjustment is required.
Check inlet temperature after 5 minutes and make final
adjustments.
Remove handle of balancing valve to prevent
tempering.
INSTANTANEOUS WATER HEATER (noncondensing)
An instantaneous water heater is designed to deliver hot
water without the use of a storage tank. It is suitable for
applications with variable load such as restaurants,
condominiums, apartments and motels and typically used in
conjunction with tempering valves to achieve temperature
control. In some applications it may be appropriate to
provide a flow through tank to act as a buffer. Consult
factory for recommendations. (See Figure 17)
30°F (16.7 °C)
Temp Rise
USGPM
(min.
flow)
28.0
42.0
61.6
68.0
83.9
97.9
111.9
139.9
167.9
198.1
226.9
254.7
282.9
254.6
283.0
339.5
∆P
Ft.
0.7
1.4
2.7
2.9
1.9
2.9
4.1
6.1
8.4
12.7
17.0
21.9
27.6
15.3
19.6
31.8
35°F (19.4°C)
Temp Rise
USGPM.
(min.
flow)
24.0
36.0
52.8
58.3
71.9
83.9
95.9
119.9
143.9
169.8
194.5
218.3
242.5
218.3
242.5
291.0
∆P
Ft.
0.5
1.0
2.1
2.2
1.4
2.2
3.1
4.6
7.0
9.5
12.7
16.4
20.7
11.4
14.9
24.1
CONDENSER HEAT RECOVERY MODULE
(CHRM)
The DynaFlame ALL Stainless Steel CHRM is mounted in a
stainless steel inner jacket chamber at the right side of the
appliance facing the appliance. The CHRM is constructed
from all stainless steel headers and special multiple
horizontal stainless tubes. This CHRM is designed to
maximize heat transfer efficiency by fully condensing flue
products and is suitable to resist the low PH of condensate.
The CHRM must be supplied with adequate water flow at
all times during operation. Do not operate the appliance
with the CHRM piped out or isolated.
The CHRM is mounted in the discharge of the flue products
from the primary heat exchanger. This allows additional
heat to be absorbed from the flue products exhausted from
the combustion process. If isolation valves are provided on
the CHRM, the provision of a relief valve at the outlet of the
CHRM is recommended. This valve is to be sized at
minimum for 10% of the input of the appliance and is to be
piped to drain.
20
When cold water supply with temperatures less than 130 ºF
(54 ºC) passes through the CHRM it will cool the flue
products below dew points resulting in the formation of
condensation. Furthermore, the volumetric flow rate of the
flue gases will be reduced. Never supply water at less than
o
35 F to the CHRM.
The appliance CHRM loop may be used in condensing
mode for a variety of application including domestic hot
water and hydronic space heating. Recommended piping
arrangement is shown in Figure 18 Maximum
recommended flows through the CHRM is summarized in
Table 10.
Figure 19: Typical Condensing System
system assembly. Follow vent pipe manufacturer’s
instructions if those instructions differ from this section.
Conventional Venting
Multiple appliances may be vented into a conventional
chimney. The chimney must be lined with AL29-4C or
equivalent and a barometric damper is to be provided as
required for each appliance to control the draft.
A qualified professional using a proven vent-sizing program
with input of accurate operating parameters must properly
calculate sizing of the venting system. In applications where
flue gas temperatures are lower than can support a
Category II with conventional negative draft, it will be
determined at the venting design stage that a positive
pressure will be developed in the vent. It will then be
necessary to either provide separate vents as for Category
IV, to pressurize the boiler room, or to provide an extractor
at the chimney outlet in order to maintain a negative draft in
the chimney and allow common venting.
The chimney must be protected from down drafts, rain and
debris by using a listed chimney cap. Approval of the
installation will be at the discretion of authorities having
jurisdiction.
Sidewall and Vertical Venting
Condensate from the DynaFlame must be treated before
being discharged to drain. PH level of the condensate is to
be checked regularly and the neutralizing medium is to be
replaced as required. A neutralizing cartridge is available
from the factory. The condensing DynaFlame must be
vented using only special venting type AL29-4C stainless
steel or equivalent, please follow instructions detailed
below.
When supplied with the CHRM, the DynaFlame is 95%
efficient (category II or IV appliance) which requires the use
of a special venting system fabricated from AL29-4C or
equivalent material. Only venting components listed by a
nationally recognized testing agency may be used.
This appliance may be installed with conventional, sidewall
or vertical venting. Conventional vented appliances operate
with negative pressure in the vent pipe and require a
special vent adapter to increase the flue outlet diameter.
Sidewall and vertically vented appliances operate with
positive pressure in the vent pipe and may be directly
connected to the flue outlet without the use of an increaser.
Consult the vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for
minimum clearances to combustible material for vent
components. In the absence of instructions, the minimum
clearance to combustible material is six inches.
Consult vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for proper
method of sealing vent pipe sections and fittings. In the
absence of instructions, make sure that pipe and fittings are
clean by swabbing with alcohol. Use Dow Corning 736 or
732 RTV, Polybar # 500 RTV or Sil-bond 4500 or 6500 to
seal vent pipe. Do not use other sealants or adhesives
except as expressly permitted by vent manufacturer’s
instructions.
Consult vent pipe manufacturer’s instructions for vent
21
The maximum vent length is 100 equivalent feet. Vent pipe
may be run through a vertical or horizontal chase provided
that minimum clearances to combustible materials are
maintained. The vent should terminate a minimum 12
inches above grade plus normally expected snow
accumulation, or 7 feet above grade if located adjacent to
public walkways. Do not install over public walkway where
local experience indicates condensation or vapour from the
boiler creates a nuisance or hazard. Minimum 3 feet above
any forced air inlet located within 10 feet of vent
termination. Minimum 4 feet below, 4 feet horizontally or
above any door window or gravity air inlet. Minimum 4 feet
horizontally from electric meters, gas meters, regulators
and relief valves. Use appropriately designed thimbles
when passing through combustible walls or roofs. Install fire
stops where vent passes through floors, ceilings or framed
walls. The fire stop must close the opening between the
vent pipe and the structure. Locate vent terminal above
combustion air intake terminal (if used) and no closer than
2 feet vertically or horizontally. Vertical venting requires
flashing and a storm collar to prevent moisture from
entering the structure. Vertical vent termination must be at
least 2 feet plus the expected snow accumulation above the
roof penetration height.
4.9
CHRM, FLOW and PRESSURE DROP
Figure 21: Low Water Cut Off Electrical Connections (Watts)
Figure 20: Secondary Heat Exchanger
o
Table 9: CHRM Head Loss & Flow for 10 F Rise
Figure 22: Low Water Cut Off Electrical Connections (ITT)
Model
US GPM
∆P - Ft.
500
10.0
0.4
750
13.0
0.7
1100
22.0
1.8
1200
24.0
2.1
1500
30.0
3.1
1750
35.0
4.2
2000
40.0
5.5
2500
50.0
8.0
3000
60.0
11.5
3500
*40.0
8.5
4000
*46.0
11.0
4500
*52.0
14.0
5000
*57.0
16.5
4504
*52.0
14.0
5004
*57.0
16.5
6004
*68.0
25.0
*Flow for 15°F rise at high fire
4.10
4.12
RELIEF VALVE (shipped loose)
This appliance is supplied with a relief valve sized in
accordance with ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code,
Section IV (“Heating Boilers”). The relief valve is to be
installed in the vertical position and mounted in the hot
water outlet. No valve is to be placed between the relief
valve, and the appliance. To prevent water damage, the
discharge from the relief valve shall be piped to a suitable
floor drain for disposal when relief occurs. No reducing
couplings or other restrictions shall be installed in the
discharge line. The discharge line shall allow complete
drainage of the valve and line. Relief valves should be
manually operated at least once a year.
CAUTION
Avoid contact with hot discharge water
4.13
WATER FLOW SWITCH (shipped loose)
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY
MODULE PIPING CONFIGURATIONS
A water flow switch is shipped loose and is to be installed in
the outlet piping on all heating boilers and hot water supply
boilers. The flow switch is wired in series with the 24VAC
safety control circuit. A diagnostic light will be indicated on
the control display on a low flow condition.
Caution: If isolation valves are provided on the CHRM, the
provision of a relief valve at the outlet of the secondary is
recommended .This valve is to be sized at minimum for
10% of the input of the appliance and is to be piped to drain
in a manner similar to the appliance relief valve.
4.11
4.13.1
LOW WATER CUTOFF (If Equipped)
If this boiler is installed above radiation level, a low water
cut-off device must be installed at the time of boiler
installation. Some local codes require the installation of a
low water cut-off on all systems. Electronic low water cutoffs are available as a factory supplied option on all models.
Low water cut-offs should be tested every six months. The
normally open switch contact of the low water cutoff is to be
wired in series with the flow switch. A diagnostic light will be
indicated on the control display on a low flow condition.
Caution: remove jumper when connecting to 24 VAC
circuit.
CHRM IN SERIES WITH PRIMARY HEAT
EXCHANGER (INTEGRATED LOOP)
The supply water (Cold water) is pre-heated by CHRM and
fed into the outlet of the primary Heat Exchanger.
Provisions must be made to prevent cold water below
115ºF (46ºC) entering to the Primary Heat Exchanger.
BOILER APPLICATION (HYDRONIC HEATING)
In case of boilers (Hydronic heating boiler) application, the
return water (supply water) may be more than 115ºF
(46ºC), therefore there is no need for a recirculation loop
and the primary heat exchanger and CHRM can be piped in
parallel. Since the inlet water temperature to CHRM
exceeds 110ºF (44ºC) it will not condense fully and
therefore the CHRM will not perform to its maximum
22
efficiency capacity. If water colder than 110ºF (44ºC) is
available it can be fed to the CHRM.
WATER HEATER APPLICATION (HOT WATER SUPPLY)
In case of domestic water supply (Water Heating), the fresh
inlet water temperature will be less than 110ºF (44ºC), in
this case the CHRM may be fed directly with part of the
supply water using a secondary pump.
4.14
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION
The appliance has a low mass finned tube heat exchanger
for fast response and high heat absorption and employs
copper tubes for models DF-500 thru DF-3000 and copper
nickel tubes for models DF-3500 thru DF-5000, Selecting
the proper pump will ensure that temperature rise does not
exceed 35ºF (19ºC) and that heat exchanger tubes are not
prematurely scaled or eroded.
4.14.1 CIRCULATING PUMP OPERATION PRIMARY
HEAT EXCHANGER
MOST IMPORTANT
This appliance is designed for continuous pump operation
when the burner is firing. The circulating pump will run
continuously when the power switch is in the “ON” position.
As an optional feature a pump control system can be
provided. The pump control option allows the appliance
circulating pump to be cycled “ON” prior to the burner firing
and cycled “OFF” some time after the set point is satisfied.
The operation of the circulating pump is controlled by the
SmartFlame temperature control .When the appliance is
activated by a remote operating signal the pump will start
and run for the operating cycle and for a post purge period
based on temperature difference between inlet and outlet
connections to the appliance.
To select the proper pump it is strongly recommended to
consider the following:
•
Need to know the required flow (GPM) and pressure
drop for your appliance (see Table 9)
•
Type of application, hydronic heating or Domestic Hot
Water (DHW).
•
For hydronic heating and DHW applications with
normal water hardness choose a pump which will
result in a temperature rise across the main heat
exchanger of 30ºF to 35 ºF (17ºC-19ºC). If necessary
use a flow setter valve to achieve the desired
temperature rise.
•
For DHW applications with other than normal water
hardness choose a pump for the local water hardness
conditions. When hardness levels exceed 17 grains
per gallon consult factory for recommendations.
4.14.2
CIRCULATING PUMP SELECTION
CONDENSOR
The operation of the circulating pump may be continuous or
it may be in parallel with the main heat exchanger pump.
Size the secondary pump for a minimum flow of 10% of the
flow through the main heat exchanger and a maximum of
30% of the main heat exchanger flow up to 60 GPM.
23
PART 5
ELECTRICAL &
CONTROLS
IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT THAT THIS UNIT BE
PROPERLY GROUNDED!
5.1
ELECTRICAL CONECTIONS
Table 10: Minimum Voltage Requirements
Maximum
Over Current
Full Load
Voltage
Model
Protection
Amps
Requirement
[Amperes]
[Amperes]
500 120VAC, 60Hz
15
7
1200
1500 120VAC, 60Hz
20
11
2000
2500
120VAC, 60Hz
20
14
3000230VAC, 60Hz,
20
16
4000
Single Phase
4500230VAC, 60Hz,
30
24
4504
Single Phase*
5000,
230VAC, 60Hz, 3
5004,
30
17.8
Phase**
6004
*This is a 4-wire power supply requiring two (2) lives, a
neutral and a ground
**This is a 5-wire power supply requiring three (3) lives, a
neutral and a ground
DynaFlame boilers supplied at 460/3/60 voltage, differ from
the standard unit per the following:
CAUTION!
While working with 460V circuits it is imperative that extra
precautions be taken
- Ensure that lock-out/ tag-out procedures are strictly
enforced
- Only properly trained and authorized personnel should be
permitted to work on live electrical circuits
- All electrical workers should be trained in electrical rescue
techniques and CPR
Each unit has a back mounted 500VA transformer to supply
the single leg 115V necessary for the ignition circuit, which
is factory mounted. The boiler itself is a single point power
connection. A new Variable Frequency Drive replaces the
standard VFD, and the combustion blower fan has been
configured to operate at 460/3/60V (using the standard
fan). Part numbers as well as FLA and MOCP information
is below.
500VA transformer: DC0500UH
VFD:
T232
T234
T235
T237
T238
Model Range:
DF-500 to DF-1200 (0.5hp)
DF-1500 to DF-2000 (1hp)
DF-2500 (1.5hp)
DF-3000 to DF-4504 (3hp)
DF-5004 to DF-6004 (5hp)
Model
Voltage
Requirement
Maximum
Over Current
Protection
[Amperes]
Full Load
Amps
[Amperes]
500 0.9
1200
1500 1.4
2000
2500
1.8
460VAC, 60Hz, 3
10
3000
Phase
2.1
3500
3.5
4000 5.3
5004
6004
6.8
The combustion air fan motor operates on 230 VAC, 3
phase, 60 Hz. This three phase voltage is generated by the
variable frequency drive (VFD) and supplied directly to the
fan motor. The appliance, when installed, must be
electrically grounded in accordance with the requirements
of the authority having jurisdiction or in the absence of such
requirements, with the latest edition of the National
Electrical Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70. When the unit is
installed in Canada, it must conform to the Canadian
Electrical Code, C22.1, Part 1 and/or local Electrical Codes.
•
All wiring between the appliance and field installed
devices shall be made with wire having minimum
220ºF (105ºC) rating.
•
Line voltage wire exterior to the appliance must be
enclosed in approved conduit or approved metal clad
cable.
•
The pump must run continuously when appliance is
being fired.
•
To avoid serious damage, DO NOT ENERGIZE the
appliance until the system is full of water. Ensure that
all air is removed from the pump housing and piping
before beginning initial operation. Serious damage may
result if the appliance is operated without proper flow.
•
Provide the appliance with proper overload protection.
5.2
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD)
This appliance uses a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD)
which provides power to the combustion fan. The fan motor
operates on 230VAC 3 phase power. This three phase
voltage is generated by the VFD and supplied directly to the
fan motor. The VFD receives a modulating signal (4-20 mA
or 2-10 VDC) from the local modulating control or a remote
source based on water temperature to vary the frequency
of the voltage supplied to the fan motor from 20 Hz up to 60
Hz. This varies the output of the combustion air fan from
20% up to 100% of capacity corresponding to the same
variation in burner input. The VFD is driven towards 100%
during the pre-purge portion of the start-up sequence. Once
control self checks are completed, the VFD is provided with
a signal to operate at soft start level for initial burner
ignition. After main burner ignition is established, the
modulating signal provided will use the VFD to vary the fan
speed based VFD to vary the fan speed based on desired
water temperature set point.
CAUTION
The voltage output from the variable frequency drive to the
combustion air fan is 230VAC, 3 Phase. AVOID contact
with high voltage wiring
5.3
DIFFRENTIAL AIR PRESSURE SWITCH
A normally open differential air pressure switch is used to
prove operation of the combustion air fan. The pressure
switch sensing points are installed at the fan outlet as the
air moves into the inlet of the burner. One point measures
total pressure (+air) and is connected to a pitot tube facing
the flow from the fan paddle wheel. The other point
measures static pressure. Differential pressure at the
switch will be affected by blockages at the fan inlet or at the
flue discharge. A minimum differential pressure across the
sensing points of the pressure switch proves operation of
the combustion air fan. This is set in the factory and may be
adjusted for field conditions. The diagnostics display will
exhibit a Status of no Air Flow when the differential
pressure switch detects a sustained low air condition. This
condition could be caused by a number of factors including:
•
Sensing line broken or loose fitting.
•
Dirty filter or blocked vent.
•
Steady high wind condition.
•
Incorrectly set switch.
•
Missing bleed restrictor at differential pressure switch
on static pressure side air line (models DF-4500, DF5000, and DF-6004).
5.4
BLOCKED FLUE SWITCH
A normally closed block flue switch is used to shut down
the appliance under the following conditions:
1) Air intake 50% blocked
2) Vent outlet 80% blocked
5.4
HIGH and LOW GAS PRESSURE
SWITCHES (Optional)
A manual reset differential gas pressure switch is standard
on models 3000 – 5000 and available as an option on
models 500 - 2500. If differential gas pressure exceeds the
maximum setting of the pressure switch, the appliance will
shut down and an open gas pressure switch will be shown
on the display. A low gas pressure switch is standard and
monitors the minimum incoming gas supply pressure
supplied to the gas train. If gas pressure falls below the
minimum setting of the pressure switch, the appliance will
shut down and an open gas pressure switch will be shown
on the display.
5.5
HIGH LIMIT
A High Limit aqua-stat control is located at the back of the
appliance and the control bulb is installed in a dry well in
the heat exchanger header outlet. The setting of this control
limits maximum discharge water temperature. A manual
reset high limit will have a red reset button which must be
pushed whenever water temperature has exceeded the set
point of the manual reset limit. The temperature of the
water in the heat exchanger must drop a minimum of 15°F
(8.3°C) below the setting of the high limit control before the
reset function can be activated. Whenever an appliance is
supplied with both an auto reset and manual reset high limit
always set the auto reset limit 10ºF (5.5°C) below the
manual reset limit. This will prevent nuisance tripping of the
manual reset.
24
5.6
IGNITION CONTROL MODULE
This appliance uses a proven hot surface ignition control
system. The operation of the electronic control module for
the hot surface igniter proves the presence of an ignition
source much like a proven standing pilot before the gas
valves are energized. The ignition control proves the
presence of the proper ignition temperatures from the hot
surface igniter using a proof current (3.2A +/- 0.2),
energizes the main gas valves, proves the presence of
main burner flame, and provides for lockouts. A status point
alarm of Flame Fail will be displayed on the main panel and
also by 3 flashes from the ignition module diagnostic red
LED
Figure 23: Ignition Module
Manual Reset
Automatic Reset
5.6.2
IGNITION MODULE LOCKOUT FUNCTIONS
The ignition module may lockout in either a hard lockout
condition requiring pushing of the reset button to recycle
the control for a CSD1 requirement or a soft lockout
condition which may be reset by momentarily cycling the
main power on and off. A typical hard lockout fault for the 7
seconds one try CSD1 module is a flame failure condition.
Pushing the reset button on the ignition control is the only
way to reset an ignition module that is in a hard lockout
condition. The reset button is located on the front control
panel. The reset button is active after the post purge cycle
when there is a hard lockout condition as indicated by the
Status LED (3 flashes). Turning the main power “OFF” and
then “ON” or cycling the thermostat will not reset a hard
lockout condition. Wait five seconds after turning on the
main power before pushing the reset button when the
ignition module is in a hard lockout. Wait for the status LED
to glow solid red (or green) indicating that the ignition
module is ready before releasing the reset button.
The ignition module will go into a soft lockout with the
standard 5 seconds module after three sequential trials for
ignition separated by 15 seconds between trials. A soft
lockout condition will operate the combustion air fan for the
post purge cycle (maximum 10 minutes) and then go into
lockout and stay in this mode with the air flow light “OFF”.
The flame failure and all other lights up to the air flow light
will remain “ON”. If the control sensed fault is not corrected,
the ignition module will continue in the soft lockout
condition. A soft lockout condition may be reset by
manually cycling the electronic thermostat or turning the
main power switch “OFF” and then “ON” after the control
sensed fault has been corrected.
5.6.3
DIAGNOSTIC STATUS INDICATION
The ignition module has an LED that indicates the status of
the ignition safety circuits. The flashing operation of this
LED indicates the diagnostic status of the ignition control
module. The following listing gives the flashing diagnostic
status codes as signaled by the ignition module.
Table 11: Diagnostic Fault Table
CODE
LED
constant on
•
LED off
5.6.1
SERVICE PARTS
This appliance uses a proved electronic ignition control
module and a hot surface igniter. The electronic ignition
module is not repairable. Any modification or repairs will
invalidate the warranty and may create hazardous
conditions that result in property damage, personal injury,
fire, explosion and/or toxic gases. A faulty hot surface
igniter or ignition module MUST BE replaced with a new
factory approved unit only. A factory approved igniter,
ignition control module and flame sensor for this specific
unit is available from your local distributor. DO NOT use
general purpose field replacement ignition modules, igniters
or sensors. Each appliance has one ignition module, one
hot surface igniter and one flame sensor.
25
•
CONDITION
System OK – no faults present
•
•
Possible control fault – check
power or no call for heat.
Ignition lockout
Internal fault replace control
5.6.4
3 flashes
6 flashes
FLAME SENSE TEST
Figure 24: Ignition Module Flame Sense Test
Using a µA meter the flame signal can be measured with
the appliance running. The ignition modules requires
minimum 2.0 µA D.C. If the signal is less than this it could
indicate oxide on the metal rod, a partial ground through the
ceramic insulator or an improperly placed sensor. If oxide is
evident on the sensing rod use steel wool to remove it. Do
not use emery paper since the silica will foul the sensor
surface.
PART 6
6.1
SMARTFLAME
CONTROL PANEL
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE
CONTROLLER
The appliance is provided with a control panel at the front.
Operating controls are installed inside the control box and
are accessible by undoing the thumb screw and swinging
opening the door. The diagnostic information centre as well
as the on/off switch, 24V fuse, and the appliance
temperature controls reside on the control box door the
ignition control module, VFD, transformer and relays are
mounted on the internal panel.
Figure 25: Control Panel Front
Figure 26: Control Panel Components
The Boiler Temperature Controller (BTC 1) for this
appliance is a Camus 78-0017 Modulating SmartFlame
control. It initiates the local call for heat and sets the target
return (appliance inlet) water temperature. This controller
offers eight modes of operation which provides set point as
well as reset control. It provides the following:
•
Readings of inlet and outlet water temperatures as well
as ∆T temperature rise.
•
Eight pre-set modes of operation; mode 1 for heating
and constant circulation DHW, modes 2, 4, and 5 for
heating , mode 3 for DHW with remote sensing and
mode 6, 7 and 8 for operation by a remote controller.
26
•
•
•
Operation as an auto reset limit.
Operation as a control for inlet water temperature.
Optional tank mounted sensor used in conjunction with
inlet sensor.
•
Adjustable pump delay feature based on ∆T
temperature difference between inlet and outlet
temperatures. Accepts 1/6 hp. pump directly across
terminals 13 & 14. An optional 1 HP relay is available.
•
Adjustable; target temp, inter-stage differential, on
delay between stages, minimum on time per stage,
minimum off time per stage.
•
Display of run hours for maintenance purposes.
Counter wraps around at 10000 hours. Pressing and
holding up and down arrow key simultaneously will
reset the counter.
•
Flame failure signal 24V.
•
Molex connector for ease of service.
•
Error message display.
•
Test override feature to test pump operation, stages 1,
2, and alarm. Press and hold the UP button to test.
After one second the pump will turn ON. Stage 1 will
turns ON after four seconds. Stage 2 will turn ON after
seven seconds. Alarm will turn ON after ten seconds.
The controller will return to normal operation after
releasing the UP button.
•
Pump exercising feature runs pump 10 seconds every
three days of no pump operation.
Setting the Appliance Temperature Control
Press and hold the ITEM, UP and DOWN buttons
simultaneously for 3 seconds. The appliance will shut
down. Press the ITEM key and then select the desired
setting using the UP, DOWN buttons. Pressing the ITEM
key again will cause the last setting to be accepted. Once
all settings have been made, wait for 30 seconds for the
control to return to normal operating mode. In normal
operating mode the inlet temperature, outlet temperature,
∆T temperature and ON hours can be viewed by repeatedly
pressing the ITEM key only. If you wish to check the setting
you will have to start again by pressing and holding the
ITEM, UP and DOWN buttons simultaneously for 1 second,
and then use only the ITEM key to scroll through the
settings. After checking the settings allow the control to
return to normal operation on its own. Default display is
outlet temperature.
Summary of 8 Modes of Operation
Mode 1
-
-
For setpoint control at heater inlet sensor. Use for
hydronic constant setpoint heating or domestic hot
water applications.
External heat demand or constant pumping
required.
Mode 2
For setpoint control at system sensor
Ideal for monitoring constant hot loop or for open
water reservoir heating
Intermittent pumping provided.
Mode 3
For DHW control with tank sensor. Controls to
boiler inlet sensor.
Intermittent pumping provided
Mode 4
For hydronic heating with outdoor reset.
Temperature control at boiler inlet sensor with
proportional modulating logic.
27
Mode 5
For hydronic heating with outdoor reset.
Temperature control at system sensor with
selectable P.I.D. or proportional modulating logic.
Intermittent pumping provided
Mode 6
External analogue 0-10VDC signal generates
temperature target. Setpoint temperature control
at heater inlet sensor using proportional
modulating logic.
Intermittent pumping provided
Mode 7
External analogue 0-10VDC signal generates
temperature target. Setpoint temperature control
at system sensor with selectable PID or
modulating logic.
Intermittent pumping provided.
Mode 8
External analogue 0-10VDC signal closes the
stage contacts to initiate heater. Modulating output
of the control follows the analog external input
signal. Temperature is controlled remotely
independently of local settings. Boiler max. setting
remains functional.
Intermittent pumping provided
Note: Modes 1 thru 5 are for local operation. Modes 6 thru
8 are for remote operation. In changing from local to remote
operation and vice versa the mode setting must be
manually changed.
Mode 1: Constant Temperature Control
This mode is designed for hydronic heating or domestic hot
water (DHW). Once a heat demand is present, the BTC 1
turns on the appliance pump and modulates the boiler
burner to maintain the boiler target at the boiler inlet sensor.
A heat demand is generated when a 24VAC is applied
across CD (common demand) and Ht D (heat demand).
Once voltage is applied, the BTC 1 turns on the Dem 1
segment in the display.
If the inlet sensor is ½ (half) of the differential below the
BOIL TARGET, the BTC 1 then changes the proportional
modulation output to the START modulation setting, the
Stage contact (pins 15 & 16) close to proceed to trial for
ignition. The burner remains at minimum modulation until
the flame is proved and then the modulating output
changes the boiler burner output to maintain the
programmed boiler target temperature at the inlet sensor. If
the inlet sensor reaches ½ (half) of the differential above
BOIL TARGET setting, the burner shuts off. Once the
external heat demand is removed, the BTC 1 turns off the
appliance and operates the boiler pump based on the
PUMP DELAY setting.
The water temperature is controlled based on a fixed
setpoint (BOIL TARGET).The setpoint for inlet water is preo
set to 120 F and the auto re-set limit is set to 210°F and is
fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit the factory installs a
manual re-set limit set to 250°F.
Figure 27: Mode 1 Piping & Electrical Layout
Mode 3:
Dedicated Domestic Hot Water Operation
This mode is designed for domestic hot water. A DHW
sensor must be inserted into a temperature immersion well
within the DHW tank to function properly. The BTC 1
modulates the boiler based on the boiler inlet sensor to
maintain a tank temperature at the DHW sensor.
An internal heat demand is generated when the DHW
sensor drops ½ (half) of the tank differential setting below
the desired DHW tank temperature. Dem 1 is lit on the LCD
screen.
Mode 2:
Constant Temperature Control at System
Sensor
This mode is designed for constant temperature heating.
Once a heat demand is present, the BTC 1 modulates the
boiler burner to maintain the boiler target at the system
sensor. A heat demand is generated when 24VAC is
applied across CD (common demand) and Ht D (heat
demand). Dem 1 on the LCD display is lit.
If the system sensor is ½ (half) of the differential below the
BOIL TARGET, the BTC 1 then changes the proportional
modulation output to the START modulation setting, the
Stage contact (pins 15 & 16) closes to proceed to trial for
ignition. The burner remains at minimum modulation until
the flame is proved and then the modulating output
changes the boiler burner output to maintain the
programmed boiler target temperature at the system
sensor. If the system sensor reaches ½ (half) of the
differential above BOIL TARGET setting, the burner shuts
off. Once the external heat demand is removed, the BTC 1
turns off the appliance and operates the boiler pump based
on the PUMP DELAY setting. In this case, it is imperative
that the system pump operates continuously in order to
provide constant circulation past the system sensor.
The BTC 1 then changes the modulation output to the
START modulation setting and closes the Stage contact
(pins 15 & 16) to proceed to trial for ignition. The burner
remains at minimum modulation until the flame is proved
and then modulating output changes the boiler output to
maintain the programmed boiler target temperature at the
boiler inlet sensor. Once the DHW tank reaches ½ of the
tank differential above the TANK TARGET setting, the
internal demand is removed and the boiler burner is shut
off. The pump circulates until the PUMP DELAY timer
expires.
The TANK TARGET setting is used to set the desired DHW
tank setpoint. The set-point for inlet water is pre-set to
130°F and can be adjusted, the auto re-set limit is set to
210°F and is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit the
factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 210°F.
Figure 29: Mode 3 Piping & Electrical Layout
The water temperature is controlled based on a fixed
setpoint (BOIL TARGET).The setpoint for inlet water is preo
set to 120 F and the auto re-set limit is set to 210°F and is
fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit the factory installs a
manual re-set limit set to 250°F.
Figure 28: Mode 2 Piping & Electrical Layout
Mode 4: Outdoor Reset using Boiler Inlet Sensor
This mode is designed for hydronic heating. Once a heat
demand is present, the BTC 1 turns on the appliance pump
and modulates the boiler to maintain the calculated outdoor
reset target at the boiler inlet sensor. Outdoor reset
calculates the boiler target temperature based on the
outdoor air temperature and reset ratio.
A heat demand is generated when a voltage between
24VAC and 120VAC is applied across CD (common
demand) and Ht D (heat demand). Once voltage is applied,
the BTC 1 turns on the Dem 1 segment in the display. If
warm weather shut down (WWSD) is activated, the WWSD
segment is lit.
28
If WWSD is not activated and the inlet sensor is ½ (half) of
the differential below the calculated BOIL TARGET, the
BTC 1 then changes the modulation output to the START
modulation setting and closes the Stage contacts (pins 15
& 16) to proceed to trial for ignition. The burner remains at
minimum modulation until the flame is proved and then
modulating output changes the boiler output to maintain the
calculated boiler target temperature at the inlet sensor. If
the inlet sensor reaches ½ (half) of the differential above
the BOIL TARGET, the appliance is shut off. The boiler
pump continues to circulate until the PUMP DELAY timer
expires.
The water temperature is controlled based on a calculated
boiler target temperature. The boiler start (BOIL START)
o
temperature is pre-set to 70 F and the auto re-set limit is
set to 210°F and is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit
the factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F.
Figure 30: Mode 4 Piping & Electrical Layout
Mode 5:
Outdoor Reset using System Sensor
This mode is designed for hydronic heating. Once a heat
demand is present, the BTC 1 turns on the appliance pump
and modulates the boiler to maintain the calculated outdoor
reset target at the system sensor. Outdoor reset calculates
the boiler target temperature based on the outdoor air
temperature and reset ratio.
A heat demand is generated when a voltage between
24VAC and 120VAC is applied across CD (common
demand) and Ht D (heat demand). Once voltage is applied,
the BTC 1 turns on the Dem 1 segment in the display. If
warm weather shut down (WWSD) is activated, the WWSD
segment is lit.
If WWSD is not activated and the system sensor is ½ (half)
of the differential below the calculated BOIL TARGET, the
control then changes the modulation output to the START
modulation setting and closes the Stage contacts (pins 15
&16) to proceed to trial for ignition. The burner remains at
minimum modulation until the flame is proved and then the
modulating output changes the boiler output to maintain the
calculated boiler target temperature at the system sensor. If
the system sensor reaches ½ (half) of the differential above
the BOIL TARGET, the appliance is shut off. The appliance
pump continues to circulate until the PUMP DELAY timer
expires. In this case, it is imperative that the system pump
operates continuously in order to provide constant
circulation past the system sensor.
The water temperature is controlled based on a calculated
boiler target temperature. The boiler start (BOIL START)
o
temperature is pre-set to 70 F and the auto re-set limit is
set to 210°F and is fixed. In addition to the auto reset limit
the factory installs a manual re-set limit set to 250°F.
29
Figure 31: Mode 5 Piping & Electrical Layout
Mode 6:
External Target Temperature using Boiler Inlet
Sensor
The external input signal can be provided from a BMS,
EMS or a Tekmar tN4 System Control. The external input
signal creates an internal demand and changes the boiler
target according to a linear scale. The BTC 1 modulates the
boiler to maintain the boiler target at the inlet sensor.
An internal heat demand is generated when an analog
positive 2-10VDC signal is applied to the +V input and a
negative DC signal is applied to the Com/- input.
If the inlet sensor is ½ (half) of the differential below the
Boiler Target, the BTC 1 then changes the proportional
modulation output to the START modulation setting, the
Stage contact (pins 15 & 16) closes to proceed to trial for
ignition. The burner remains at minimum modulation until
the flame is proved and then the modulating output
changes the boiler burner output to maintain the
programmed boiler target temperature at the inlet sensor. If
the inlet sensor reaches ½ (half) of the differential above
Boiler Target, the burner goes to minimum fire. Once the
external heat demand is removed, the BTC 1 turns off the
appliance and operates the boiler pump based on the
PUMP DELAY setting.
The auto re-set limit is set to 210°F and is fixed. In addition
to the auto reset limit the factory installs a manual re-set
limit set to 250°F.
Figure 32: Mode 6 Piping Schematic
Mode 7:
External Target Temperature using System
Temperature Sensor
The external input signal can be provided from a BMS,
EMS or a Tekmar tN4 System Control. The external input
signal creates an internal demand and changes the boiler
target according to a linear scale. The control modulates
the boiler to maintain the boiler target at the outlet sensor.
An internal heat demand is generated when an analog
positive 2-10VDC signal is applied to the +V input and a
negative DC signal is applied to the Com/- input.
Table 13 shows the relationship between various external
signals to the boiler target temperature. A 4-20mA signal
can be converted to a 2-10VDC signal by installing a 500Ω
resistor on the external input signal device’s terminal.
If the system sensor is ½ (half) of the differential below the
Boiler Target, the BTC 1 then changes the proportional
modulation output to the START modulation setting, then
closes the Stage contact (pins 15 & 16) to proceed to trial
for ignition. The burner remains at minimum modulation
until the flame is proved and then the modulating output
changes the boiler burner out to maintain the programmed
boiler target temperature at the system sensor. If the inlet
sensor reaches ½ (half) of the differential above Boiler
Target, the burner goes to minimum fire. Once the external
heat demand is removed, the BTC 1 turns off the appliance
and operates the boiler pump based on the PUMP DELAY
setting.
o
The auto reset limit is set to 210 F and is fixed. In addition
to the auto reset limit, Camus installs a manual reset limit
o
set to 250 F.
Figure 33: Mode 7 Piping & Electrical Layout
Mode 8: External Direct Drive Operation
This mode is designed only for hydronic heating operation.
This mode allows for an external control to operate the boiler
through an analog direct drive input signal provided by a
boiler sequencing control, such as, the S12 Sequencer. When
operating in this mode the external heat demand and DHW
demand are disabled.
An external boiler sequencer provides a positive 0-10 VDC
input signal to the control at +V(in), and the negative signal
is applied to the Com/- input.
The boiler remains off while the direct drive input signal
range is between 0 to 0.5VDC. Once the direct drive input
signal reaches 0.5VDC the control turns on the appliance
pump and changes the modulating output to Start
Modulation level until the flame is proved and then the
modulating output is adjusted to track the direct drive input
signal up to the maximum of 10VDC which is equivalent to
maximum input rate. When the direct drive signal
modulates down to 0.5VDC, the boiler operates at minimum
fire. When the signal drops below 0.5VDC the burner is
shut off and the pump continues to circulate until the PUMP
DELAY timer expires, whereupon the pump shuts off.
The external boiler sequencer can specify the boiler inlet
temperature. However, the BOIL MAX setting limits the
highest temperature at the outlet sensor. If the outlet
o
temperature exceeds 210 F, the modulating output
immediately changes to 0% and the burner is shut off. The
burner is to remain off until the minimum off timer is
o
satisfied and the boiler outlet temperature falls by 2 F
o
(1 C) below the BOIL MAX setting.
Figure 34: Mode 8 Piping & Electrical Layout
The following table shows the various signals required to
generate various Target temperatures.
Table 12: External Signal Cross Reference Chart
4-20
mA
Boiler Target
0-10V
(dc)*
0
- - - (OFF)
0
2
- - - (OFF)
1
50 F (10 C)
4
50 F (10 C)
6
70 F (21 C)
8
90 F (32 C)
Boiler Target
- - - (OFF)
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
2
68 F (20 C)
o
o
3
86 F (30 C)
o
o
4
103 F (39 C)
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
5
121 F (49 C)
o
o
6
139 F (59 C)
o
o
7
157 F (69 C)
o
o
8
174 F (79 C)
o
o
9
192 F (89 C)
o
o
10
110 F (43 C)
12
130 F (54 C)
14
150 F (66 C)
16
170 F (77 C)
18
190 F (88 C)
20
210 F (99 C)
10
210 F (99 C)
* requires 500Ω resistor
A 4-20mA signal can be converted to a 2-10VDC signal by
installing a 500Ω resistor on the external input signal
device’s terminal.
30
6.2
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE (VFD)
The VFD has a factory set security code which has to be
entered before any adjustments can be made. The VFD
has 50 parameters, which can be adjusted. At present only
the following are pertinent:
Table 13: Variable Frequency Drive Parameters
Parameter
#
1
2
4
5
19
20
28
36
38
45
46
50
51 thru 58
31
Function
High/Low Voltage
Input Voltage 120,
220-240, 460-480
Carrier Frequency
Stop Method
Standard Speed
Source
Acceleration Time
Deceleration Time
Fixed Boost
Preset Speed
Skip Bandwidth
Speed at Minimum
Signal
Speed at Maximum
Signal
Fault History
Miscellaneous
Settings
01
02
03
03
04 (03 for 2- 10
VDC)
120 sec
60 sec
1.0
29
3.0
• 500 - 3000 NonCondensing: 29
or 32
• 501 – 3001 NearCondensing: 2025
• 502 – 3002
Condensing: 25
• 3502 – 6024 All
Models: 14-18
• All Models: 60
View Only
View Only
6.3
STANDARD DYNAFLAME CONTROL
PANEL
Figure 35: BTC 1 Display Panel
6.4
GENERAL SYMBOL DESCRIPTION
SYMBOL
SYMBOL
NAME
Boiler
Pump
Shown when
boiler pump is
in operation
DHW
Pump
Shown when
DHW pump is
in operation
Heat
Demand
Shown when
heat demand is
present
Flame
Proof
Shown when
flame signal is
proven
Burner
Shown when
burner is on
Warning
Figure 36: BTC 1 Key Functions
Pointers
Table 14: BTC 1 Key Functions
KEY
Item
KEY DESCRIPTION
The abbreviated name of the selected
item will be displayed in the item field of
the display. To view the next item, press
the Item button.
Increase a parameter value.
WWSD
Shown when
an error is
present
Shows the
operation as
indicated by the
text (Throttling
Range,
Modulation,
Offset, External
Input Signal)
Displays when
the control is in
Warm Weather
Shutdown
o
Range of C or
F over which
modulation
occurs
Instantaneous %
of modulation 1%
- 100%
Temperature
below setpoint at
which modulation
begins
Shows the
desired input
signal to control
modulation(0:20,
4:20)
o
Throttling Range
Decrease a parameter value.
Levels of Access
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
Modulation
View – Access to general boiler and display settings
and will allow adjustments to the central heating and
domestic hot water setpoint.
Offset
Adjust – Access to all user parameters and allows for
changes to additional boiler parameters to allow for
ease of startup and serviceability.
External Input Signal
%
32
6.5
MODE 1 & 2: SETPOINT OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press [ITEM] to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Boiler Target
Temperature
Parameter Description
To provide a target setpoint for the
heating system. Setpoint is controlled
to the inlet sensor
System Temperature of Primary Loop
System
Temperature
o
---, 35 to 266 F
o
(---, 2 to 130 C)
o
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
o
Boiler Outlet
Temperature
Real-time Outlet Temperature to Boiler
14 to 266 F
(-10 to 130oC)
Boiler Inlet
Temperature
Real-time Inlet Temperature to Boiler
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Delta
T
33
NOTE: This parameter is only
available in Mode 2
Parameter
Range
o
Real-time temperature difference
between the outlet sensor and the inlet
sensor.
Modulation
Real-time modulating output
percentage
Total Run
Time Since
Installation
Monitors the amount of operational
time since the DynaFlame was
installed. The first two digits are the
number of thousands of hours and the
three digit display shows the number
of hundreds of hours.
Press
simultaneously to reset
the counter
o
-99 to 252 F
o
(-72 to 140 C)
0 to 100%
Alternates
between 00 and
999
6.6
MODE 1 & 2: SETPOINT OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press
simultaneously to view the following parameters:
Parameter
Display
Parameter Description
Name
Operating mode for the boiler.
Mode
Modulation
Mode
(Mode 2
ONLY)
NOTE: A complete description of
each mode can be found in
section 6.1 Modes of Operation in
this manual.
Modulation mode.
Automatic: PId
Manual: P
Parameter
Range
1 to 8
Default = 1
PId or P
Default: P
o
Boiler Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for
the heating system. Setpoint is
controlled to the inlet sensor
70 to 220 F
o
(21 to 104 C)
Default = 120oF
o
(49 C)
o
120 to 230 F
o
(49 to 110 C)
Boil Max
Maximum outlet temperature
o
Default = 210 F
o
(99 C)
Boil Mass
(Mode 2
ONLY)
Thermal mass of boiler. This
determines interstage delay and
minimum on and minimum off
times.
Throttling
Range
To provide a modulation rate above
and below the Boiler Target
temperature. For example, if the
o
value is 10 F and the Boiler Target is
o
160 F the boiler will begin to
o
modulate at 150 F and shut off at
o
160 F
Modulation
Selects the output modulating
signal to the variable frequency
drive
Modulation
Delay
Selects the time (in seconds)
after a flame signal is established
before modulation is allowed to
proceed.
Start
Modulation
Selects the start modulation rate
1 to 3
Default = 1
o
5 to 60 F
o
(-15 to 15 C)
o
Default = 10 F
o
(5 C)
Default: 4:20
10 to 230
seconds
Default = 30
seconds
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
34
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Minimum
Modulation
Selects the minimum modulation
rate
Maximum
Modulation
Selects the maximum modulation
rate
Differential
Temperature
The operating range of the boiler
above and below setpoint. For
o
example, if the value is 10 F and
o
the Boiler Target is 160 F the
o
boiler will initiate at 150 F and
o
shut off at 170 F.
Pump Delay
Boiler post pump time after
burner has shut off, in seconds.
Parameter
Range
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
50% to 100%
Default = 100%
o
Au, 2 to 42 F
o
(Au, -17 to 6 C)
o
Default = 10 F
o
(5 C)
OFF, 0:20 to
9:55 min, On
Default = 1:00
min
o
Temperature
Units
35
Select the desired unit of
measurement
o
F, C
o
Default = F
6.7
MODE 3: DEDICATED DOMESTIC HOT WATER OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press [ITEM] to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
Boiler Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for the
heating system. Setpoint is controlled
to the inlet sensor
---, 35 to 266 F
o
(---, 2 to 130 C)
Boiler Outlet
Temperature
Real-time Outlet Temperature to
Boiler
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Inlet
Temperature
Real-time Inlet Temperature to Boiler
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Real-time temperature difference
between the outlet sensor and the
inlet sensor.
-99 to 252oF
o
(-72 to 122 C)
DHW
Temperature
Real-time DHW Temperature
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Modulation
Real-time modulating output
percentage
0 to 100%
Total Run
Time Since
Installation
Monitors the amount of operational
time since the DynaFlame was
installed. The first two digits are the
number of thousands of hours and the
three digit display shows the number
of hundreds of hours.
Press
simultaneously to reset
the counter
Boiler Delta T
o
o
o
o
Alternates between
00 and 999
36
6.8
MODE 3: DEDICATED DOMESTIC HOT WATER OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press
simultaneously to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
Operating mode for the boiler.
Mode
NOTE: A complete description of
each mode can be found in section
6.1 Modes of Operation in this
manual.
1 to 8
Default = 1
o
Boiler Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for the
heating system. Setpoint is controlled
to the inlet sensor
OFF, 70 to 220 F
o
(OFF,21 to 104 C)
o
Default = 120 F
(82oC)
o
DHW Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for the
DHW system. Setpoint is controlled to
the DHW sensor
DHW
Differential
The point in which a DHW call for
heat is generated. For example, if the
o
value is 10 F and the DHW Target
o
Temperature is 160 F the boiler will
o
begin to initiate at 155 F.
OFF, 70 to 190 F
o
(OFF, 21 to 88 C)
o
Default = 140 F
(54oC)
o
2 to 10 F
o
(1 to 5 C)
o
o
Default = 3 F (1 C)
o
120 to 230 F
(49 to 110oC)
Boil Max
Maximum outlet temperature
o
Default = 210 F
o
(99 C)
Throttling
Range
37
NOTE: This parameter is not used in
Mode 3
5 to 60oF
o
(-15 to 15 C)
o
Default = 10 F
o
(5 C)
Modulation
Selects the output modulating signal
to the variable frequency drive
Modulation
Delay
Selects the time (in seconds) after a
flame signal is established before
modulation is allowed to proceed.
Default: 4:20
10 to 230 seconds
Default = 30
seconds
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
0% to 50%
Start
Modulation
Selects the start modulation rate
Minimum
Modulation
Selects the minimum modulation rate
Maximum
Modulation
Selects the maximum modulation rate
Differential
Temperature
To provide a modulation rate above and
below the Boiler Target temperature. For
o
example, if the value is 10 F and the
o
Boiler Target is 160 F the boiler will begin
o
to modulate at 150 F and shut off at
o
160 F
Pump Delay
Boiler post pump time after burner
has shut off, in seconds.
Default = 0%
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
50% to 100%
Default = 1000%
o
Au, 2 to 42 F
o
(Au, -17 to 5 C)
Default = 10oF
OFF, 0:20 to 9:55
min, On
Default = 1:00 min
Temperature
Units
Select the desired unit of
measurement
o
F, oC
o
Default = F
38
6.9
MODE 4 & 5: OUTDOOR RESET OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press [ITEM] to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter
Range
o
Outdoor
Temperature
Real-time Outdoor Temperature
Boiler Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for the
heating system. Setpoint is controlled
to the inlet sensor
---, 35 to 266 F
o
(---, 2 to 130 C)
System
Temperature
(Mode 5
ONLY)
System Temperature of Primary Loop
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Outlet
Temperature
Real-time Outlet Temperature
14 to 266oF
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Inlet
Temperature
Real-time Inlet Temperature
14 to 266oF
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Real-time temperature difference
between the outlet sensor and the inlet
sensor.
-99 to 252oF
o
(-72 to 122 C)
Boiler Delta
T
39
Parameter Description
-60 to 190 F
o
(-51 to 88 C)
o
o
Modulation
Real-time modulating output
percentage
Total Run
Time Since
Installation
Monitors the amount of operational
time since the DynaFlame was
installed. The first two digits are the
number of thousands of hours and the
three digit display shows the number
of hundreds of hours.
Press
simultaneously to reset
the counter
0 to 100%
Alternates
between 00 and
999
6.10
MODE 4 & 5: OUTDOOR RESET OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press
simultaneously to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
Operating mode for the boiler.
Mode
Modulation
Mode
(Mode 5
ONLY)
NOTE: A complete description of
each mode can be found in
section 6.1 Modes of Operation in
this manual.
Modulation mode.
Automatic: PId
Manual: P
1 to 8
Default = 1
PId or P
Default: P
o
Outdoor
Start
Temperature
Outdoor starting temperature
used in the reset ratio for the
heating system. Typically set to
the desired building temperature.
Outdoor
Design
Temperature
Outdoor design temperature used
in the reset ratio for the heating
system. Set to the coldest annual
outdoor temperature in the local
area.
Boiler Start
Temperature
Starting water temperature used
in the reset ratio calculation for
the heating system. Typically set
to the desired building
temperature.
Boiler
Design
Temperature
Boiler design water temperature
used in the reset ratio calculation
for the heating system. Set to the
boiler water temperature required
to heat the building on the coldest
annual outdoor temperature.
35 to 85 F
(2 to 29oC)
o
Default = 60 F
o
(21 C)
-60 to 50oF
o
(-51 to 10 C)
o
Default = -10 F
o
(-23 C)
35 to 150oF
o
(2 to 66 C)
o
Default = 70 F
o
(21 C)
o
70 to 230 F
o
(21 to 110 C)
Default = 180oF
o
(82 C)
o
120 to 230 F
o
(49 to 110 C)
Boil Max
Maximum outlet temperature
o
Default = 210 F
o
(99 C)
o
80 to 180 F
o
(26 to 82 C)
Boil Min
Minimum inlet temperature
o
Default = 130 F
o
(54 C)
Throttling
Range
To provide a modulation rate above
and below the Boiler Target
temperature. For example, if the
o
value is 10 F and the Boiler Target is
o
160 F the boiler will begin to
o
modulate at 150 F and shut off at
o
160 F
5 to 60oF
o
(-15 to 15 C)
o
Default = 10 F
o
(5 C)
40
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Boil Mass
(Mode 5
ONLY)
Thermal mass of boiler. This
determines interstage delay and
minimum on and minimum off
times.
Modulation
Selects the output modulating
signal to the variable frequency
drive
Modulation
Delay
Selects the time (in seconds)
after a flame signal is established
before modulation is allowed to
proceed.
Start
Modulation
Selects the start modulation rate
Minimum
Modulation
Selects the minimum modulation
rate
Maximum
Modulation
Selects the maximum modulation
rate
Differential
Temperature
The operating range of the boiler
above and below setpoint. For
example, if the value is 10oF and
o
the Boiler Target is 160 F the
o
boiler will initiate at 150 F and
o
shut off at 170 F.
Pump Delay
Parameter Range
1 to 3
Default = 1
Default: 4:20
10 to 230 seconds
Default = 30
seconds
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
Boiler post pump time after
burner has shut off, in seconds.
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
50% to 100%
Default = 100%
o
Au, 2 to 42 F
(Au, -16 to 5oC)
o
Default = 10 F
OFF, 0:20 to 9:55
min, On
Default = 1:00 min
o
Warm
Weather
Shutdown
Temperature
Warm weather shutdown
temperature using outdoor reset.
Temperature
Units
Select the desired unit of
measurement
35 to 105 F, OFF
o
(2 to 41 C, OFF)
Default = 0:20 min
o
41
F, oC
o
Default = F
6.11
MODE 6 & 7: EXTERNAL TARGET TEMPERATURE INPUT OPERATION: VIEW DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press [ITEM] to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
Boiler Target
Temperature
To provide a target setpoint for
the heating system. Setpoint is
controlled to the inlet sensor.
---, 35 to 266 F
(---, 2 to 130oC)
System
Temperature
(Mode 7
ONLY)
Real-time System Temperature
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Outlet
Temperature
Real-time Outlet Temperature to
Boiler
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Inlet
Temperature
Real-time Inlet Temperature to
Boiler
14 to 266 F
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Delta
T
Real-time temperature difference
between the outlet sensor and
the inlet sensor.
-99 to 252oF
o
(-72 to 122 C)
o
o
Modulation
Real-time modulating output
percentage
Total Run
Time Since
Installation
Monitors the amount of
operational time since the
DynaFlame was installed. The
first two digits are the number of
thousands of hours and the three
digit display shows the number of
hundreds of hours.
Press
simultaneously to
reset the counter
o
o
0 to 100%
Alternates between
00 and 999
42
6.12
MODE 6 & 7: EXTERNAL TARGET TEMPERATURE INPUT OPERATION: ADJUST DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press
simultaneously to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
Operating mode for the boiler.
Mode
Modulation
Mode
(Mode 7
ONLY)
NOTE: A complete description of
each mode can be found in
section 6.1 Modes of Operation in
this manual.
Modulation mode.
Automatic: PId
Manual: P
1 to 8
Default = 1
PId or P
Default: P
o
120 to 230 F
(49 to 110oC)
Boil Max
Maximum outlet temperature
o
Default = 210 F
o
(99 C)
o
80 to 180 F
o
(26 to 82 C)
43
Boil Min
Minimum inlet temperature
Boil Mass
(Mode 5
ONLY)
Thermal mass of boiler. This
determines interstage delay and
minimum on and minimum off
times.
Modulation
Selects the output modulating
signal to the variable frequency
drive
Modulation
Delay
Selects the time (in seconds)
after a flame signal is established
before modulation is allowed to
proceed.
Start
Modulation
Selects the start modulation rate
Minimum
Modulation
Selects the minimum modulation
rate
Default = 130oF
o
(54 C)
1 to 3
Default = 1
Default: 4:20
10 to 230 seconds
Default = 30
seconds
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
Parameter
Name
Display
Parameter Description
Maximum
Modulation
Selects the maximum modulation
rate
Differential
Temperature
To provide a modulation rate above
and below the Boiler Target
temperature. For example, if the
o
value is 10 F and the Boiler Target is
o
160 F the boiler will begin to
o
modulate at 150 F and shut off at
o
160 F
Pump Delay
Boiler post pump time after
burner has shut off, in seconds.
Parameter Range
50% to 100%
Default = 100%
o
Au, 2 to 42 F
o
(Au, -17 to 6 C)
o
Default = 10 F
OFF, 0:20 to 9:55
min, On
Default = 1:00 min
External
Input
Select the range of external input
signal (Vdc)
Offset
Select the temperature offset of
the boiler target temperature. The
boiler target is determined from
the external input signal.
0:10 or 2:10
Default: 0:10
-10 to 10oF
o
(-5 to 5 C)
o
Default = 0 F
o
Temperature
Units
Select the desired unit of
measurement
4-20
mA
Boiler Target
0-10V
(dc)*
0
- - - (OFF)
0
2
- - - (OFF)
1
50 F (10 C)
4
50 F (10 C)
6
70 F (21 C)
8
90 F (32 C)
Boiler Target
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
2
68 F (20 C)
o
o
3
86 F (30 C)
o
o
4
103 F (39 C)
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
o
5
121 F (49 C)
o
o
6
139 F (59 C)
o
o
7
157 F (69 C)
o
o
8
174 F (79 C)
o
o
9
192 F (89 C)
o
o
10
210 F (99 C)
110 F (43 C)
12
130 F (54 C)
14
150 F (66 C)
16
170 F (77 C)
18
190 F (88 C)
20
210 F (99 C)
o
Default = F
- - - (OFF)
o
10
o
F, C
44
6.13
MODE 8: EXTERNAL DRIVE OPEATION: VIEW DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press [ITEM] to view the following parameters:
Display
45
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter Range
o
Boiler Outlet
Temperature
Real-time Outlet Temperature to
Boiler
14 to 266 F
(-10 to 130oC)
Boiler Inlet
Temperature
Real-time Inlet Temperature to
Boiler
14 to 266oF
o
(-10 to 130 C)
Boiler Delta
T
Real-time temperature difference
between the outlet sensor and the
inlet sensor.
-99 to 252 F
o
(-72 to 122 C)
Modulation
Real-time modulating output
percentage
Total Run
Time Since
Installation
Monitors the amount of
operational time since the
DynaFlame was installed. The
first two digits are the number of
thousands of hours and the three
digit display shows the number of
hundreds of hours.
Press
simultaneously to
reset the counter
o
0 to 100%
Alternates
between 00 and
999
6.14
MODE 8: EXTERNAL DRIVE OPEATION: ADJUST DISPLAY
From the Home display;
1) Press
simultaneously to view the following parameters:
Display
Parameter
Name
Parameter Description
Parameter
Range
Operating mode for the boiler.
Mode
NOTE: A complete description of
each mode can be found in section
6.1 Modes of Operation in this
manual.
1 to 8
Default = 1
o
120 to 230 F
(49 to 110oC)
Boil Max
Maximum outlet temperature
Modulation
Selects the output modulating signal
to the variable frequency drive
Start
Modulation
Selects the start modulation rate
Minimum
Modulation
Selects the minimum modulation rate
Maximum
Modulation
Selects the maximum modulation
rate
Pump Delay
Default = 210oF
o
(99 C)
Default: 4:20
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
0% to 50%
Default = 0%
Boiler post pump time after burner
has shut off, in seconds.
50% to 100%
Default = 100%
OFF, 0:20 to 9:55
min, On
Default = 1:00
min
o
Temperature
Units
Select the desired unit of
measurement
o
F, C
o
Default = F
46
6.15
ERROR MESSAGES
Error Message
Description
The control was unable to read a piece of information its EEPROM
memory. The control will stop operation until all settings in the Adjust
menu have been checked by the installer.
Outlet Sensor Short Circuit.
If the inlet sensor is operational, the control will operate using the inlet
sensor. Otherwise, the control will not operate the burner.
Test the outlet sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear
once the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
Outlet Sensor Open.
If the inlet sensor is operational, the control will operate using the inlet
sensor. Otherwise, the control will not operate the burner.
Test the outlet sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear
once the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
Inlet Sensor Short Circuit
The boiler will continue operation.
Test the inlet sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear
once the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
Error Message
Description
Inlet Sensor Open
The boiler will continue operation
Test the inlet sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
System Sensor Short Circuit
If the outlet sensor is operational, the boiler will operate using the outlet
sensor. If the outlet sensor is not available and the inlet sensor is operational,
the boiler will operate using the inlet sensor. Otherwise, the control will not
operate the burner.
Test the supply sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
System Sensor Open
If the outlet sensor is operational, the boiler will operate using the outlet
sensor. If the outlet sensor is not available and the inlet sensor is operational,
the boiler will operate using the inlet sensor. Otherwise, the control will not
operate the burner.
Test the supply sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
47
Outdoor Sensor Short Circuit
o
o
The BTC assumes an outdoor temperature of 32 F (0 C) and continues
operation.
Test the outdoor sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
Outdoor Sensor Open
o
o
The BTC assumes an outdoor temperature of 32 F (0 C) and continues
operation.
Test the outdoor sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
DHW Sensor Short Circuit
The control will not operate the burner.
Test the DHW sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
DHW Sensor Open
The control will not operate the burner.
Test the DHW sensor and related wiring. The error message will clear once
the error condition is corrected and a button is pressed.
Flame Proof Error
Flame was not proved within 120 seconds of Demand 1
Flame Loss Error
Flame loss occurs when burner is lit and unexpectedly loses the
flame signal.
48
PART 7
7.1
SOLA CONTROL PANEL
APPLIANCE TEMPERATURE CONTROLLER
The appliance is provided with a control panel at the front.
Operating controls are installed inside the control box and are
accessible by undoing the thumb screw and swinging opening
the door. The diagnostic information centre as well as the
on/off switch and the appliance temperature controls reside on
the control box door the ignition control module, VFD,
transformer and relays are mounted on the internal panel.
Figure 37: Control Panel Front
Levels of Access
Two levels of access to simplify the use of the boiler.
User – Access to general boiler and display settings and
adjustments to the central heating and domestic hot water
setpoint.
Installer – Access to all user parameters and allows for
changes to additional boiler parameters to allow for ease
of startup and serviceability.
NOTE
Due to the sensitivity of the touchscreen controller, using
the backend of a pen/pencil is recommended for accuracy
Figure 38: Home Screen
The SOLA icons will appear in one of four colours indicating
the boiler status:
Colour
Description
Blue
Normal Operation
Red
Lockout Condition
Yellow
Holding Mode
Grey
Communication Error
The Boiler Temperature Controller for this appliance is the
Honeywell SOLA . It initiates the local call for heat and sets the
target return (appliance inlet) water temperature. This
controller offers a range of operation modes which provides set
point as well as modulating control. It provides the following:
•
Readings of inlet and outlet water temperatures as well as
flame signal.
•
Operation as an auto reset limit.
•
Operation as a control for inlet water temperature, outlet
temperature, system temperature.
o
•
40 F ∆T heat exchanger protection algorithm
•
Available tank mounted sensor used in conjunction with
inlet sensor.
•
Adjustable; target temp, inter-stage differential, on delay
between stages, minimum on time per stage, minimum off
time per stage.
•
Display of run hours for maintenance purposes. Counter
wraps around at 10000 hours.
•
Flame failure signal.
•
Lumberg and Molex connectors for ease of service.
•
Error message display in text
•
Manual override of boiler input rate for combustion
•
Pump exercising feature runs pump 10 seconds every
three days in the event of no pump operation.
49
PARAMETER
Demand
DESCRIPTION
Central Heating (DRH)
Domestic Hot Water (DRW)
Burner State
Current Status of DynaFlame
Firing Rate
Target Firing Rate
Inlet
Inlet Water Temperature [ F]
Outlet
Outlet Water Temperature [ F]
Stack
Stack Temperature [ F]
o
o
o
o
DHW
DHW Temperature [ F] ], if equipped
Lead Lag/ CH
Header Temperature [ F], if equipped
Outdoor
Outdoor Temperature [ F], if equipped
4-20mA
4-20mA input, if equipped
BUTTON
o
o
DESCRIPTION
Diagnostics
Access DynaFlame parameters (CH
Parameters, DHW Parameters, Outdoor
Reset, Pump Configuration etc.)
Details of boiler operation (Set point, Firing
Rate, Pump Status, Safety circuit)
Manual firing rate, Analog/ Digital Status
Details
History, Pump Status, Outlet Temperature
Configure
Operation
Sequenece of Operation
Flow Switch = Flow Switch, Low Water Cutoff (if equipped)
Gas Pressure Switch = Low gas pressure switch (4.5” w.c., N/O), High gas pressure swtich (14” w.c., N/C)
Air Pressure Switch = Blocked flue switch (N/C), Air Proving Switch (N/O)
50
DFH
Modulation: Boiler Inlet, Boiler Fixed Setpoint Operation (Standalone)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates at a fixed
setpoint
• Modulates on boiler inlet
sensor (default)
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed.
51
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Programming Instructions
Place both toggle switches to LOCAL
Press
and
Press [CH – Central Heat Configuration]
Press the
to arrive at Setpoint
Select Setpoint source: Local
Enter desired Setpoint
Place right hand toggle switch to REMOTE for remote enable operation (if
required)
Modulation: Boiler Inlet, Outdoor Reset Operation (Standalone)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates with variable
setpoint determind by
outdoor reset curve
• Modulates on inlet sensor
(default)
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed.
Programming Instructions
Connect outdoor sensor to System/Outdoor contacts
Place both toggle switches to LOCAL
Press
and
Press Outdoor Reset Configuration
Press the
to arrive at Central Heat
Select Enable: Enable
Select Maximum outdoor temperature (WWSD)
Select Minimum outdoor temperature (Outdoor
Design)
9) Select Low Water Temperature (Min. Water Temp.)
10) Select Outdoor boost maximum off point (Design
Max.)
11) Press [CH – Central Heat Configuration]
12) Select Outdoor Reset = Enabled
13) Set CH Setpoint = Maximum off point
14) Press Sensor Configuration
15) Select Outdoor temperature source = S5 (J8-11)
sensor
16) Place right hand toggle switch to REMOTE for remote
operation (if required)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
52
Modulation: System Sensor, Outdoor Reset Operation (Standalone)
NOTE: Outdoor Reset Module (PN: W8735S1000) required
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates with variable
setpoint determind by
outdoor reset curve
• Modulates on system sensor
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Programming Instructions
Connect Remote Operator
Connect System sensor to System/Outdoor
contacts
Connect Outdoor Sensor to J3 ECOM connector
Place both toggle switches in LOCAL
Press
and
, enter “sola”
Press Outdoor Reset Configuration
Press the
to arrive at Central Heat
Select Enable: Enable
Select Maximum outdoor temperature (WWSD)
Select Minimum outdoor temperature (Outdoor
Design)
Select Low Water Temperature (Min. Water
Temp.)
Select Outdoor boost maximum off point
(Design Max.)
13) Press [Show Line] to confirm reset curve
14) Press Sensor Configuration
15) Selet S5 (J8-11) sensor: 10K NTC single nonsafety
16) Select Outdoor temperature source =
EnviraCOM outdoor sensor
17) Place right hand toggle switch to REMOTE for
remote enable operation (if required)
53
4-20mA/ 0-10Vdc Setpoint Operation (Standalone, Lead Lag)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates with variable
setpoint determined by 420mA incoming signal
• Modulates on boiler inlet
sensor (default)
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed and 4-20mA or 010Vdc signal is present.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
Programming Instructions
Place both toggle switches in LOCAL
Press
and
Press [CH – Central Heat Configuration]
Press the
to arrive at Setpoint
Select Setpoint Source = S2 (J8-6) 4-20mA
Select 4mA water temperature
Select 20mA water temperature
Place right hand toggle switch to REMOTE for remote operation (if required)
54
4-20mA/ 0-10Vdc Firing Rate Operation (Standalone, Lead Lag)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates with variable
setpoint determined by 420mA incoming signal
• Modulates on header sensor
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed and 4-20mA or 010Vdc signal is present.
System Sensor Enable (Standalone)
Description
• Method to enable system
sensor for Standalone
applications
55
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Programming Instructions
Place both toggle switches in LOCAL
Press
and
Press [Lead Lag Master Configuration]
Press [Advanced Settings >]
Press the
to arrive at Central Heat
Select Modulation rate source = S2 (J8-6) 4-20mA and burner on/off
Place right hand toggle switch to REMOTE for remote operation (if required)
Electrical Connection(s)
Programming Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Press
and
Press [Sensor Configuration]
Select S5 (J8-11) Sensor: 10K NTC Single Non-Safety
The control will proceed into a Lockout 2 condition
Press [Verify] > [Begin] > [Yes]
Press the reset button on the ignition control within the alotted time
DFW
Modulation: Boiler Inlet, Fixed Setpoint Operation (Standalone, Lead Lag)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Boiler operates at a fixed
DHW setpoint
• Modulates on boiler inlet
sensor (default)
• Heat demand is generated
when Remote Operator is
closed.
Programming Instructions
1) Place both toggle switches to LOCAL
2) Press
and
Inlet Sensor operation
3) Press [DHW – Domestic Hot Water Configuration]
4) Select Demand Switch: Modulation sensor only
5) Select Modulation sensor: Inlet Sensor. Proceed to Step 12
DHW Sensor/ Stat, if required.
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
DHW Sensor/Stat operation
Press [Sensor Configuration]
Select S6S7 (J9-1,3) Sensor: 10K NTC Single Non-Safety
The control will proceed into a Lockout 2 condition
Press [Verify] > [Begin] > [Yes]
Press the reset button on the ignition control within the alotted time
DHW Sensor operation
6) Press [DHW – Domestic Hot Water Configuration]
7) Select Demand Switch: Modulation sensor only
8) Select Modulation sensor: DHW Sensor. Proceed to Step 12
DHW Stat operation
9) Press [DHW – Domestic Hot Water Configuration]
10) Select Demand Switch: Modulation sensor only
11) Select Modulation sensor: DHW (S6) switch & inlet sensor
12) Enter desired Setpoint
56
13) Place right hand toggle switch setting to REMOTE for remote operation (if
required)
57
DF(H,W) Lead Lag Operation
Master Boiler
Description
• Master boiler lead lag setup
Electrical Connection(s)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Programming Instructions
Place both toggle switches to LOCAL
Press
and
Select System Identification & Access
Verify MB1 Modbus address = 1
Verify MB2 Modbus address = 1
6) Select Lead Lag Master Configuration
7) Select Master Enabled = Enabled
Fixed Setpoint operation
8) Enter CH Setpoint (Fixed setpoint)
4-20mA/ 0-10Vdc setpoint operation
9) Select [Advanced Settings >]
10) Press the
to arrive at Central Heat
11) Select Setpoint Source = S2 (J8-6) 4-20mA
12) Select 4mA water temperature
13) Select 20mA water temperature
14) Select Lead Lag Slave Configuration
58
15) Select Slave enabled = Enable slave for built-in Lead Lag master
The following steps are performed at the factory and verifying on site will
be sufficient:
16) Select Pump Configuration
17) Press [Advanced Options >>]
18) Press the
to arrive at Central Heat Pump or DHW Pump
19) On Options: Local burner demand
20) On Options: Local Lead Lag Service Active
21) Force On: Outlet high limit
Slave Boiler
Description
• Slave boiler lead lag setup
Electrical Connection(s)
1)
2)
3)
4)
Programming Instructions
Place both toggle switches to LOCAL
Press
and
Select System Identification & Access
Verify Modbus address. To be in sequential order
5) Select Lead Lag Slave Configuration
6) Select Slave Enabled = Enable slave for built-in Lead Lag master
59
The following steps are performed at the factory and verifying on site will
be sufficient:
7) Select Pump Configuration
8) Press [Advanced Options >>]
to arrive at Central Heat Pump or DHW Pump
9) Press the
10) On Options: Local burner demand
11) On Options: Local Lead Lag Service Active
12) Force On: Outlet high limit
Master Boiler, System Sensor
Description
• Master boiler system sensor
configuration
Electrical Connection(s)
Programming Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
Press
and
Press [Sensor Configuration]
Select S5 (J8-11) Sensor
Connector Type: 10K NTC Single Non-Safety
5) The control will proceed into a Lockout 2 condition
6) Press [Verify] > [Begin] > [Yes]
7) Press the reset button on the ignition control within the alotted time
60
Outdoor Sensor connected to Slave boiler 2 (DRH ONLY)
Description
Electrical Connection(s)
• Slave boiler outdoor sensor
configuration
• When done correctly, the
outdoor temperature will be
shown on the Master boiler
Programming Instructions
Slave Boiler
1) Press
and
2) Press [Sensor Configuration]
3) Select S5 (J8-11) Sensor
4) Connector Type: 10K NTC Single Non-Safety
5) The control will proceed into a Lockout 2 condition
6) Press [Verify] > [Begin] > [Yes]
7) Press the reset button on the ignition control within the alotted time
Master Boiler
8) Press
and
9) Press [Lead Lag Master Configuration]
10) Press [Advanced Settings >]
11) Press the
to arrive at Outdoor Reset
12) Select Enable: Enabled
13) Select Maximum outdoor temperature
14) Select Minimum outdoor temperature
15) Select Low Water Temperature
16) Select Outdoor boost maximum off point
61
17) Press [Show Line] to confirm reset curve
18) Press the
to arrive at Warm Weather Shutdown
19) Select Enable = Shutdown after demand ends
Rotation schedule adjustment
Description
• Standard rotation schedule is
based on equalizing run time
on a 1-hour schedule
• To vary the rotation to a fixed
schedule based on (hours,
days)
Electrical Connection(s)
Programming Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
Press
and
Press [Lead Lag Master Configuration]
Press [Advanced Settings >]
Press the
to arrive at Algorithms
Select Lead selection method: Sequence order
Select Lag selection method: Sequence order
Select Lead rotation time: (user defined)
62
Base load rate adjustment
Description
• Upon a call for heat the lead
boiler will fire to the specified
base load rate (80%). If the
temperature is not within
Error threshold (5oF) of
setpoint after Interstage
delay (2 minutes) a lag boiler
will be brought online and
will also fire at the base load
rate specified.
• Modulation of boilers will
only occur after all boilers in
the Lead Lag system are firing
at the specified base load
rate (80%).
Adjust staging of boilers
Description
• Upon a call for heat the lead
boiler will fire to the specified
base load rate (80%). If the
temperature is not within
Error threshold (5oF) of
setpoint after Interstage
delay (2 minutes) a lag boiler
will be brought online and
will also fire at the base load
rate specified.
• This method will then be
repeated for the next lag
boiler, if available.
63
Electrical Connection(s)
Programming Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Electrical Connection(s)
Press
and
Press [Lead Lag Master Configuration]
Press [Advanced Settings >]
Press the
to arrive at Rate Allocation
Select Base load common: (user defined)
Programming Instructions
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Press
and
Press [Lead Lag Master Configuration]
Press [Advanced Settings >]
Press the
to arrive at Add Stage
Select Error threshold
Select Interstage delay
7.2.2
7.2
CONFIGURE MENU
Figure 39: Configure Menu
Menu
Group
Selection
Pump Configuration
SubMenu
Group
Selection
Parameter
Selection
Auto
Commercial Hydronic Boiler
OS number
Part Number of SOLA Controller
Software Version
Software version
Date Code:
Release date of software
Boiler Name
DynaFlame Model Number
Installation
Type of application
Pump Output
None
Over run time
1..5 min
Auto
Refer to above
(Default)
ON
Refer to above
Pump Output
DR300 –
1000: Pump
B
DR1200 –
DR5000:
Pump A
Specify pump
contact
Over run time
1..5 min
Pump Control
Boiler Pump
Product Type
ON
Assigns the
method for
SOLA to control
a Central
Heating pump
(Default: Auto,
Pump is
activated
whenever a call
for heat is
present)
ON: Pump is
constantly
powered
Specify pump
contact
Post pump time
(Default: 1 min)
Use for local
(Stand-alone)
demands
Use for Lead
Lag Master
demands
Post pump time
(Default: 1 min)
Use for local
(Stand-alone)
demands
Use for Lead
Lag Master
demands
Auto
DHW Pump
Description
Pump Control
ON
Pump Output
None
Over run time
1..5 min
Auto
Pump Control
System Pump
Parameter
Pump Configuration
System Identification &
Access
Menu
Group
Selection
System Identification & Access
Pump Configuration
7.2.1
Central Heat Pump
Pump Control
Description
ON
Pump Output
Over run time
None
1..5 min
Refer to above
(Default)
ON: Pump is
constantly
powered
Specify pump
contact
Post pump time
(Default: 1 min)
Refer to above
(Default)
ON: Pump is
constantly
powered
Specify pump
contact
Post pump time
(Default: 1 min)
64
SubMenu
Group
Selection
Parameter
Boiler
pump
cycles
Burner
cycles
Burner run
time
CH pump
cycles
DHW pump
cycles
System
pump
cycles
7.2.4
Selection
Description
Displays the
number of cycles
the boiler pump
has been activated
Displays the
number of cycles
the burner has
been activated
Displays burner
run time in hours
Displays the
number of cycles
the CH pump has
been activated
Displays the
number of cycles
the DHW pump
has been activated
Displays the
number of cycles
the system pump
has been activated
Burner Control Timing and Rates
Figure 40: Burner Control Timing and Rates
Menu
Group
Selection
SubMenu
Group
Selection
Parameter
Selection
Prepurge
rate
Burner Control Timing and Rates
Menu
Group
Selection
Statistics Configuration
7.2.5
Menu
Group
Selection
3000 RPM
Prepurge
time
Run
Stabilization
Time
30 sec..
5 mins
10 sec
Postpurge
rate
3000 RPM
Postpurge
time
30 sec..
5 mins
Description
Prepurge fan
speed (Default:
DR300 – 1000:
3000 RPM,
DR1200 – 5000:
100.0%)
Prepurge time
(Default: 15 sec)
Main flame
establishing
period
Postpurge fan
speed (Default:
DR300 – 1000:
3000 RPM,
DR1200 – 5000:
100.0%)
Postpurge time
(Default 1 min)
Burner Control Ignition
SubMenu
Group
Selection
Parameter
Selection
Lightoff
rate
DR300-1000:
3000 RPM
DR1200 –
5000: 20.0%
Burner
Control
Ignition
7.2.3
Description
Ignition Fan
speed
7.2.6
Sensor Configuration
Menu Group
Selection
SubMenu
Group
Selection
Parameter
Selection
Description
S1 (J8-4)
sensor
10K NTC
single nonsafety
Inlet Sensor
S2 (J8-6)
sensor
S3S4 (J8-8,
10) sensor
Sensor
Configurations
S5 (J8-11)
sensor
S6S7 (J91,3) sensor
S8S9 (J94,6) sensor
65
4-20mA
10K NTC
dual safety
10K NTC
single nonsafety
10K NTC
single nonsafety
10K NTC
single nonsafety
4-20mA
Input Signal
Outlet
Sensor
Outdoor
Sensor:
Standalone
boiler or
Slave boiler
Header
sensor:
Master
boiler
DHW
Sensor
(DRW Only)
Stack
Sensor
7.2
LEAD LAG SETUP
The following components are needed for a Lead Lag setup
1)
10kΩ System Sensor
Turn off all the boilers before beginning the setup process.
To setup the DynaFlame Lead Lag system follow the
instructions:
System Sensor
Insert the supplied 10kΩ system sensor into the building
loop. The wires coming out of the system sensor should be
connected to Sys/Outdr terminals in the junction box.
NOTE
The use of a system sensor is required in lead lag
operation.
1) When variable speed main circulators ARE NOT
used the system sensor is to be placed into the
return system piping.
2) When variable speed main circulators are used
the system sensor is to be placed into the supply
system piping.
All SOLA controllers are programmed with a default
address of 1. The address of the slave controllers in the
system must have a unique address (1..8).
Rotation
Rotation time is configurable based on equalized run time
(default) or a fixed rotation schedule.
Interstage Delay
The length of time to wait between requesting a slave
SOLA to fire and detecting that it has failed to start.
(Default: 2 minutes)
Base Load Rate
When a call for heat is initiated the lead boiler runs at the
desired base load rate (Default: 80%) and continues to
operate in this fashion based on the above 3 scenarios. If
the lead lag temperature is not satisfied a second boiler is
fired at they would both operate at 80% fire rate.
Slave State
Unknown
Available
Add Stage
Suspend
Stage
Disabled
Recovering
Slave Status Manager
Table entry is unused or empty
Slave is operational and ready to use
Stage is getting ready to fire
Stage was getting ready but is not needed
Slave is locked out or disabled
Slave is in time delay to verify that it is
operational before considered to be
available
Sequence of Operation:
When a boiler is set as Lead Lag Master = Enabled and
Modbus address = 1, the controller of this boiler will drive
the lead lag operation.
Wiring the Lead Lag Setup
Use Cascade terminals in the junction box to wire lead lag
appliances
The outdoor temperature sensor connected to the slave
boiler 2 (ie. B-2) will be the outdoor sensor for the lead lag
system
•
•
The system temperature sensor connected to
boiler 1 in terminals labeled “Outdr/Sys” in the
junction box will be the control sensor for lead lag
operation.
The start/stop signal connected to boiler 1 at
terminals labeled “Remote Operator” will be the
heat demand input for lead lag operation.
J3, MB2
Master
Slave 2
..
Slave 7
A
A
..
A
B
B
..
B
C
C
..
C
Figure 41: Lead lag Wiring Setup (Left: Master, Right: Slave)
When demand for heat is present the lead boiler will start
and uses the lead lag parameters for boiler modulation.
After a period of “Interstage delay” the master boiler
compares the lead lag temperature with the lead lag set
point and will check if:
1)
An additional boiler is needed
Lead lag < Lead lag setpoint – Add stage Error
threshold
2)
Number of boilers remain the same
Lead lag > Lead lag setpoint – Add stage Error
threshold AND
Lead lag < Lead lag setpoint + Drop stage Error
threshold
3)
A boiler should stop
Lead lag > Lead lag setpoint + Drop stage Error
threshold
NOTE
Recycle power on all boilers after programming is complete if
lag boilers are not discovered automatically
NOTE
CH Setpoint or DHW Setpoint must match Setpoint located in
Lead Lag Master Configuration in order for the system to
operate correctly.
NOTE
The Local/Remote switch (explained below) must be set in the
“Local” position on ALL lag boilers.
If the lead lag master system is interrupted the remaining
boilers will operate as standalone boilers based on the
Central Heat or DHW parameters when set to “Enabled”.
66
7.3
LOCAL/REMOTE SWITCH
The right hand local remote switch mounted inside the
control box is designed to generate a call for heat either
relying on an external contact closure (Remote) or enabling
the boiler locally (local). When Remote is selected via the
SPDT switch the Remote Operator contacts in the junction
box must be closed to initiate a call for heat. When Local is
selected via the SPDT switch a constant call for heat is
generated which will enable the boiler to proceed to a trial
for ignition. When troubleshooting the DynaFlame it is
suggested to switch to Local mode.
7.4
7.5
VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE
The variable frequency drive (VFD) has a factory set
security code which has to be entered before any
adjustments can be made. The VFD has 50 parameters,
which can be adjusted. At present only the following are
pertinent:
Table 13: Variable Frequency Drive Parameters
Parameter
#
1
BMS/LOCAL SWITCH
2
4
5
19
20
28
36
38
45
The left hand BMS/Local Switch mounted inside the control
box is designed to relay the signal to the touchscreen boiler
display (local) or accept an incoming signal from the BMS
(bms). When local is selected via the DPDT switch the
touchscreen display presents all necessary boiler
information. When bms is toggled the touchscreen display
will continue to be illuminated with a message showing
“SYSTEM DISCONNECTED”. The BMS now overrides the
communication link to the boiler.
For more instructions on interfacing with Modbus/ Bacnet/
LonWorks/ Metasys N2 network:
46
50
51 thru 58
7.6
http://www.camus-hydronics.com/Downloads/930238%20DynaFlame-DynaForceDynaMaxHS%20Protocol%20Setup.pdf
67
Function
High/Low Voltage
Input Voltage 120, 220240, 460-480
Carrier Frequency
Stop Method
Standard Speed Source
Acceleration Time
Deceleration Time
Fixed Boost
Preset Speed
Skip Bandwidth
Speed at Minimum
Signal
Speed at Maximum
Signal
Fault History
Miscellaneous
Settings
01
02
03
03
04
120 sec
60 sec
1.0
29
3.0
• Refer to chart below
• Refer to chart below
View Only
View Only
FROST PROTECTION
The DynaFlame with SOLA control panel is equipped with a
heat exchanger frost protection algorithm where if the boiler
o
o
inlet or outlet temperature sensors drop below 41 F (5 C)
the boiler pump is enabled. If the temperature continues to
o
o
drop to 38 F (3.3 C) the burner will be fired to bring the inlet
o
o
and outlet temperatures to 50 F (10 C) to prevent freezing
of the heat exchanger.
PART 8
8.1
COMPONENTS
HOT SURFACE IGNITER (GLOW BAR)
8.3
COMBUSTION AIR FAN
Figure 44: Fan, Burner, Hot Surface Igniter and Flame
Sensor Arrangement
The silicon carbide igniter is inserted directly through the
fan flange and held in place by two screws. A hold down
bracket as well as sealing gasket above and below the
igniter assures a good seal. Care must be taken when
removing and/or installing the igniter since the silicon
carbide element is brittle. Always remove the igniter prior to
removing the fan assembly for inspection of the burner and
heat exchanger. Properly prepared igniter will have a bead
of silicone sealing the end mounting bracket to the ceramic
shaft.
Figure 42: Hot Surface Igniter
During trial for ignition a properly operating igniter will
generate 3.2+/-0.2A which is the proof current required by
the ignition module for reliable and consistent operation. It
is recommended that the hot surface igniter be replaced
every 4,000 hours of appliance operation to maintain peak
ignition efficiency.
8.2
FLAME SENSOR
The flame sensor is inserted directly through the fan flange
and is screwed into the fan flange. Care must be taken,
when installing the flame sensor, to align it perpendicular to
the fan flange and parallel to the burner tube and not to
over tighten. Always remove the flame sensor prior to
removing the fan assembly for inspection of the burner and
heat exchanger.
Figure 43: Flame Sensor
DynaFlame uses a sealed air fan to provide combustible
air/gas mix to the burner and push the products of
combustion through the heat exchanger and venting
system. The fan assembly consists of a sealed housing and
fan wheel constructed from spark resistant cast aluminum.
The fan is operated by a fully enclosed 230 VAC, 3 Phase
electric motor. The fan housing and motor assembly is fully
sealed and SHOULD NOT be field serviced. The power
draw of the motor is proportional to the modulated gas input
rate of the appliance.
8.4
INNER JACKET
The inner jacket assembly is constructed from a special
corrosion resistant stainless steel. This includes both the
primary heat exchanger chamber and the secondary heat
exchanger chamber. All screws and fasteners used for
assembly of the inner jacket and secondary heat exchanger
chamber are also stainless steel.
DO NOT mix stainless steel and standard plated
fasteners when disassembling and reassembling the
inner jacket sheet metal components. Standard plated
fasteners will be damaged by the flue product
condensate when used on the inner jacket assemblies.
8.5
OUTER JACKET
The outer jacket assembly is constructed from mirror finish
stainless Steel. This ensures a long life for the jacket
assembly, with full integrity
The ignition module relies on the flame sensor to provide a
flame rectification signal. Oxide deposits, improper
placement or damaged ceramic insulator will result in
insufficient signal leading to ignition module lock out. For
proper operation minimum 2.0 µA DC must be fed back to
the module. Oxide deposit on the sensor rod must be
removed with steel-wool. Do not use sand-paper since this
will contaminate the surface.
8.6
VENTING TRANSITION
All appliances are shipped with a rectangular to round
stainless steel adapter. Depending on the appliance
category an increaser will be required for the proper vent
configuration. Please refer to Table 5 dimensions and
specifications.
When installing Category II or IV appliances care must be
taken to properly seal all joints and provide slope for
drainage of condensate.
68
PART 9
9.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
FIELD STARTUP
PROCEDURE
CHECKING THE INSTALLATION
Inspect the connections for water, gas and electricity.
Confirm that water is being pumped toward the heat
exchanger inlet. Never pump away from the exchanger
since this will result in a low-pressure zone, which will
allow localized boiling and result in heat exchanger
damage.
Power to the boiler and pump must be from the same
circuit to prevent the boiler firing in case the pump is
inadvertently shut off.
Inlet gas pressure must be a minimum of 3” W.C. for
natural gas and 11” W.C. for propane.
With the boiler off, open the main gas supply valve and
vent the trapped air from the piping leading to the
boiler. Confirm that all gas connections to the heater
are tight and that there are no missing test plugs.
Connect a manometer to obtain the differential air
pressure between negative and positive ports. See
Figure 11.
The air/gas ratio controller automatically adjusts to
match the air signal on the gas side. In this way true
mass flow control of air/gas mix is achieved. All boilers
are test fired and factory set. A test sticker with actual
reading is affixed to the unit.
Refer to Part 3 of the manual for recommendations on
setting combustion characteristics.
9.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
69
•
At the factory adjustments were made to achieve
proper input and acceptable burner performance at full
input and at minimum input.
Depending on field conditions, the CO2 trim valve may
require some minor adjustment at full input. Refer to
Figure 11. Always set the appliance for a CO2 level in
the range of 7.5% to 8.5% at full fire and 7.0% to 7.5%
at low for fire for non-condensing units. For condensing
units CO2 may be set in the range of 8.5% to 9.0% at
full fire and 7.5% to 8.0% at low fire. For propane,
reading will be approximately 1.5% higher. Adjustment
at minimum input can be done at the low fire
adjustment screw by first removing the brass cap.
Turning adjustment screw clockwise will increase CO2.
•
9.3
•
•
FIRE TESTING
This boiler is designed for low fire soft start. At the start
of trial for ignition the fan will decelerate to minimum
fire and will light off at low fire before ramping up
towards full input depending on the 4 – 20 mA signal
from the controller.
Shut power off to the heater and open the firing valve.
Switch power back on and allow the burner to fire.
Ignition should be smooth. Normally the differential gas
pressure will be identical to the differential air pressure.
Actual differential pressure may vary from the numbers
on the test label due to the field conditions and sample
variations. Always make adjustments to meet the
recommended CO2 levels. Adjust high fire first followed
by low fire adjustment.
Table 15: Combustion Values
CHECKING THE CONSTRUCTION
Non-Condensing DynaFlame
Check the boiler wiring to see that it agrees with the
wiring diagram supplied.
Confirm that all terminal strips and field connections
are identified.
Confirm that the SmartFlame control is set in the
proper mode. In remote mode an external controller
determines the set point and the stage contacts on the
SmartFlame are always closed. Auto reset limits are
fixed in all Modes.
With the firing valve in the off position, switch on power
to the boiler. The fan motor will accelerate until the
airflow light denergizes. If a light remains on past the
operator light, the ignition sequence will not proceed.
During trial for ignition the red flame failure light may
light up momentary.
Once all lights past the operator are denergized the
ignition module will try for ignition. When the igniter is
hot enough, the ratio gas valve actuator is energized
and if ignition is accomplished the blue main burner
light will come on and remain lit. If ignition is not
accomplished, the red flame failure light will energize
and two more ignition trials will be made 15 seconds
apart. The control will then proceed to lockout and
must be reset by momentarily interrupting power. It is
normal during initial start up, when air is being purged
from the piping, to require two to three tries before
successful ignition.
With the boiler running, check for flue gas leaks along
the inner cabinet joints and around the flue outlet.
Some minor leakage is acceptable.
Repair any major leaks prior to the next step.
Natural Gas
CO2
Propane
CO
CO2
CO
Max. Fire
7.5% - 8.5%
<100 PPM
9.0% - 10.0%
<100
PPM
Min. Fire
7.0% - 7.5%
<100 PPM
8.5% - 9.0%
<100
PPM
Near-Condensing DynaFlame
Natural Gas
Propane
CO2
CO
CO2
CO
Max. Fire
8.0% - 8.5%
<100 PPM
9.5% - 10.0%
<100
PPM
Min. Fire
7.5% - 8.0%
<100 PPM
9.0% - 9.5%
<100
PPM
Condensing DynaFlame
Natural Gas
Propane
CO2
CO
CO2
CO
Max. Fire
8.5% - 9.0%
<100 PPM
10.0% - 11.5%
<100
PPM
Min. Fire
7.5% - 8.0%
<100 PPM
9.0% - 9.5%
<100
PPM
Alternate Stainless Steel Heat Exchangers Non-Condensing & NearCondensing DynaFlame
Natural Gas
CO2
Propane
CO
CO2
Max. Fire
8.0% - 9.0%
<100 PPM
9.5% - 11.5%
Min. Fire
8.0% - 9.0%
<100 PPM
9.5% - 10.5%
CO
<100
PPM
<100
PPM
Figure 45: DF 500 – 1750 Gas Valve
Lift top cover to access high fire
air/gas ratio adjustment
(use 3mm allen key for adjustment,
counter-clockwise increases CO2)
Low fire air/gas ratio adjustment
(use T-40 for adjustment,
clockwise increases CO2)
Gas Inlet
•
Shut power off to the heater and open the firing valve.
Switch power back on and allow the burner to fire.
Ignition should be smooth. Always make adjustments
to meet the recommended CO2 levels. Adjust high fire
first followed by low fire adjustment.
To adjust the high-fire setting (DF 2000 – 3000)
One or more manometers should be connected to the
DynaFlame before proceeding to the next step to monitor
the air and gas signal. Refer to Section 3.7 of this manual
for details on connecting manometers.
Use the DynaFlame Control Panel:
To adjust the high-fire setting (DF 500 – 1750)
Use the DynaFlame Control Panel:
1)
Press [DIAGNOSTICS] button
1)
Press [DIAGNOSTICS] button
2)
Press [Diagnostic Tests] button
2)
Press [Diagnostic Tests] button
3)
Move the firing rate slider to 100.0%
3)
Move the firing rate slider to maximum firing rate
as indicated by the test sticker
4)
Press [Start Test] to operate the boiler at max fire
for 5 minutes.
4)
Press [Start Test] to operate the boiler at max fire
for 5 minutes.
Figure 46: DF2000 – 3000 Gas Train Layout
Locate the input adjustment screw on the top side of the
gas valve.
High Fire
Adjustment
Increase CO2
Decrease CO2
CounterClock Wise
Clockwise
After adjusting the screw wait a moment for the combustion
levels to stabilize before attempting to make any further
adjustments. Continue this procedure until combustion
levels are satisfied.
Locate the metering valve on the gas train.
High Fire
Adjustment
To adjust the low fire setting (DR 300 – 1800)
Use the DynaFlame Control Panel:
1)
Press [DIAGNOSTICS] button
2)
Press [Diagnostic Tests] button
3)
Move the firing rate slider to minimum firing rate
4)
Press [Start Test] to operate the boiler at max fire
for 5 minutes.
The DynaFlame should respond immediately and fire at
minimum firing rate. When this is achieved locate the low
fire adjustment screw as illustrated above.
Increase CO2
Decrease CO2
CounterClock Wise
Clockwise
Turn the screw 1/8 turn in either way for each adjustment to
keep track of the adjustments. After adjusting the screw
wait a moment for the combustion levels to stabilize before
attempting to make any further adjustments. Continue this
procedure until combustion levels are satisfied.
To adjust the high-fire setting (DF 3500 – 6004)
One or more manometers should be connected to the
DynaFlame before proceeding to the next step to monitor
the air and gas signal. Refer to Section 3.7 of this manual
for details on connecting manometers.
Increase CO2
Decrease CO2
Clockwise
CounterClock Wise
5)
Press [DIAGNOSTICS] button
6)
Press [Diagnostic Tests] button
When the correct combustion values are achieved replace
the screw cap back on to the gas valve.
7)
Move the firing rate slider to 100.0%
8)
Press [Start Test] to operate the boiler at max fire
for 5 minutes.
Low Fire
Adjustment
•
Use the DynaFlame Control Panel:
This boiler is designed for low fire soft start. At the start
of trial for ignition the fan will decelerate to minimum
fire and will light off at low fire before ramping up
towards full input through the PWM or 4-20mA signal
from the controller.
70
Figure 47: DF3500 – 6004 Gas Train Layout
Low Fire
Adjustment
Increase CO2
Decrease CO2
Clockwise
CounterClock Wise
When the correct combustion values are achieved replace
the screw cap back on to the gas valve.
To reset the trim valve to factory settings refer to the chart
below and the step-by-step instructions that follow.
Locate the metering valve on the gas train.
Table 16: Inline trim valve setting
Increase CO2
High Fire
Adjustment
CounterClock Wise
Decrease CO2
To adjust the low-fire setting (DF 2000 – 6004)
Figure 48: SKP 55 Gas Valve
3 1/2
2 1/2
Adjustment of low fire bias
Connection for air pressure (+) sensing line
Connection for the air pressure (-) sensing line
Connection for the gas pressure (-) sensing line
Connection for the gas pressure (+) sensing line
Position indicator
1)
Press [DIAGNOSTICS] button
2)
Press [Diagnostic Tests] button
3)
Move the firing rate slider to 20.0%
4)
Press [Start Test] to operate the boiler at max fire
for 5 minutes.
Natural Gas
# of Turns
Clockwise
DF 750
3
1 1/2
DF 1100
3
1 1/2
DF 1200
3
1 1/2
DF 1500
4
3
DF 1750
4
3
DF 2000
3 3/4
2 1/2
DF 2500
3 5/8
2 7/8
DF 3000
4
3
DF 3500
5 3/4
4
DF 4000
5 7/8
5
DF 4500
7 3/4
5
DF 5000
7 3/4
5
DF 6000
7 3/4
5
VFD Hz (High Fire)
60
Step 1: Fully open inline metering valve (counterclockwise)
Step 2: Close inline metering valve to preset level
Step 3: Above table shows initial settings only, fine-tuning
will be required with the use of an analyzer
•
Use the DynaFlame Control Panel
•
•
•
71
DF 500
Clockwise
Turn the screw 1/8 turn in either way for each adjustment to
keep track of the adjustments. After adjusting the screw
wait a moment for the combustion levels to stabilize before
attempting to make any further adjustments. Continue this
procedure until combustion levels are satisfied.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Model
LP Gas
(Propane)
# of Turns
Clockwise
This boiler is designed for low fire soft start. At the start
of trial for ignition the fan will decelerate to minimum
fire and will light off at low fire before ramping up
towards full input through the 4-20mA from the
controller.
Shut power off to the heater and open the firing valve.
Switch power back on and allow the burner to fire.
Ignition should be smooth. Normally the differential gas
pressure will be identical to the differential air pressure.
Actual differential pressure may vary from the numbers
on the test label due to the field conditions and sample
variations. Always make adjustments to meet the
recommended CO2 levels. Adjust high fire first followed
by low fire adjustment.
Allow the water temperature to rise so that the heater
cycles on the operator.
Check the temperature rise across the heat exchanger.
This will be item ∆T on the DynaFlame control. For
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
9.4
•
•
•
hydronic applications and for domestic hot water, a rise
exceeding 30ºF is not normally recommended.
Allow the unit to cycle on the limit. This can be done by
gradually restricting outlet water flow. The auto reset
limits are set at 200ºF for domestic hot water and
hydronic heating.
Remove fan inlet filter. During trial for ignition, block
50% of the fan inlet opening. The display should show
‘LCI not closed’. If it does not, slowly turn the
adjustment on the normally closed blocked flue switch
clockwise until the air flow light energizes.
Check the air proving switch. Remove the restriction
from the fan inlet and reset the power on the control
panel. A properly set air switch will cause the air flow
light to turn green at a fan speed between 15Hz and
20Hz on the VFD.
Check the ignition retries circuit.
Shut the main gas off to the unit and allow it to try for
ignition. Trial for ignition should commence within 30
seconds.
Allow the water temperature to rise so that the heater
cycles on the operator.
Check the temperature rise across the heat exchanger.
This will be item ∆T on the SmartFlame control. For
hydronic applications and for domestic hot water, a rise
exceeding 35ºF is not normally recommended. After
confirming temperature rise, set the control to the
“OUT” temperature display using the item key.
Allow the unit to cycle on the limit. This can be done by
gradually restricting outlet water flow. The auto reset
limits are set at 200ºF for domestic hot water and
230ºF for hydronic heating. In addition the heaters are
equipped with a manual reset high limit set at 210ºF for
domestic hot water and 250ºF for hydronic heating.
After confirming limit operation return the control to the
“IN” temperature display.
Remove fan inlet filter. During trial for ignition, block
50% of the fan inlet opening. The air flow light should
de-energize. If it does not, slowly turn the adjustment
on the normally closed blocked flue switch counterclockwise until the air flow light energizes.
Check the air proving switch. Remove the restriction
from the fan inlet and reset the power on the control
panel. A properly set air switch will cause the air flow
light to denergize at a fan speed between 15Hz and
20Hz on the VDF.
Check the ignition retries circuit.
Shut the main gas off to the unit and allow it to try for
ignition. Trial for ignition should commence within 30
seconds.
COMISSIONING APPLIANCE
Remove manometers and replace inlet gas pressure
test plug.
Fill out start up report for each heater. Be sure to
record all settings and readings. Retain a copy of
report for future reference.
Start up is now complete and heater may be placed
into service.
72
PART 10
TROUBLE SHOOTING
COMPONENT
Incoming Power
Transformer
Tripped
Relief Valve
Flow Switch
Water Pressure
Switch
FAILURE MODE
• Two wires interchanged
• The 24Volts and 120 Volts wired
are interchanged
• Alert: 49
• Lockout: 53
• System pressure exceeds relief
valve setting
• Flow Switch contacts are open
• Alert: 63, 67, 137, 276-281
• LCI OFF
• Pressure Switch contacts are open
• Alert: 63, 67, 137, 276-281
• LCI OFF
• The boiler has failed to ignite the
burner
• Alert: 110, 149, 150
Flame Failure
73
ANALYSIS
• No effect on safety
• Live and Neutral wires are interchanged.
• Breaker on transformer trips
• Replace the standard relief valve with a higher rated valve
up to the maximum pressure of the heat exchanger.
• Improperly sized expansion tank.
• Verify that pump is operating
• Verify for closed valves or obstructions in boiler piping
• Verify that all air has been purged from the system
• Verify that wiring is correct
• Verify that minimum water pressure exceeds 30 PSI
• Verify that pump is operating
• Verify for closed valves or obstructions in boiler piping
• Verify that all air has been purged from the system
• Verify that wiring is correct
• To reset the module refer to section 5.8.2
• Verify that all air has been purged from gas line
• Inspect hot surface igniter and related wiring for damage
and connection errors
• DR 300 – 2500: Verify igniter is glowing
• DR 3000 – 5000: Verify pilot is lit
• Inspect flame sensor and associated wiring. Replace if
necessary
• Verify that boiler is properly grounded
• Verify incoming gas supply pressure and that it coincides
with Table 7.
• Verify that the vent/ air inlet piping (if equipped) are
correctly installed and obstructions are not present.
• Verify 24 VAC (DR 300 – 1800) and 115VAC (DR 2000 –
5000) is being supplied to the gas valve relay from the
DynaForce Controller during ignition. Check wiring from
DynaForce Controller and Gas Valve Relay. If a signal
cannot be detected, the DynaForce Controller needs to be
replaced
• If 24 VAC is present, check the outlet of the valve to ensure
that gas is flowing. When the valve is energized a change
in pressure should occur, if no change is detected the gas
valve has failed to open or it is passing insufficient amount
of gas. If this is an initial startup increase the low fire gas
setting by ¼ turn clockwise.
• Inspect the burner. Refer to Burner Maintenance in section
10.5
• Replace the DynaForce Controller, if necessary
COMPONENT
FAILURE MODE
• The DynaForce boiler was running
and flame signal suddenly
disappeared.
• Lockout: 106, 107, 108, 109
• Alert 149, 150
Flame Disappears
During a Run
Cycle
• Supply Gas Issue
• Air/Gas Mixture Issue
Noisy Operation
• Air Inlet and/or Vent configuration
• Dirty/ Damaged Burner
• Fan is vibrating
• Air in the piping system
• The outlet temperature has
exceeded the set point
temperature specified.
• Alert: 63, 67, 79, 137, 276-281,
303-309
• ILK OFF
ANALYSIS
• Verify that all air has been purged from gas line
• Verify that boiler is properly grounded
• Inspect flame sensor and associated wiring. Replace if
necessary
• Check for flame sensor cracks in the insulator or continuity
to ground
• Adjust the air proving switch. Turn counter-clockwise to
reduce sensitivity
• Adjust the blocked flue switch. Turn clockwise to reduce
sensitivity
• Verify incoming gas supply pressure and that it coincides
with Table 7.
• Verify that the gas line connections to the boiler are
adequate. Refer to Table 6.
• Verify that the vent/ air inlet piping (if equipped) are
correctly installed and obstructions are not present
• Verify that 24 VAC is being supplied to the gas valve during
operation. If a signal cannot be detected, the transformer
needs to be replaced
• Inspect the burner. Refer to Burner Maintenance in section
10.5
• Replace the DynaForce Controller if necessary
• Refer to Part 3 Gas Connection in this manual.
• Natural Gas Pressure reads between 3” w.c. and 14” w.c.
• L.P. Gas Pressure should be at 11” w.c.
• Refer to Section 8.3 Gas Valve Adjustment Procedure for
proper combustion setting.
• Refer to Part 2 Air Inlet and Venting
• Refer to Burner Maintenance in section 10.5 of this manual
for the burner removal and inspection procedure. Clean or
replace the burner, if required.
• Check that all fan bolts are torqued to 20 lb-ft (DR300 –
1000), 25 lb-ft (DR1200 – 5000)
• Purge all air from the piping system
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air has
been properly purged from the system.
o
• Verify that ∆T does not exceed 30 F across the heat
exchanger
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly.
• Verify that 120VAC is being supplied to the boiler pump on
a call for heat. If voltage cannot be detected check wiring.
• Verify that the pump is circulating when 120VAC is
detected. If not, pump impeller may be stuck. Use a flat
head screwdriver on face of pump to turn impeller manually
• If 120VAC is present during a call for heat, but the pump still
does not circulate, replace the pump.
• Replace the main DynaForce Controller if necessary
Auto Reset High
Limit Trips
74
SYMPTOM
Manual Reset High
Limit Trips (if
equipped)
FAILURE MODE
• Manual Reset Safety High Limit
tripped, outlet temperature in
o
excess of 210 F
• Alert: 63, 67, 79, 137, 276-281,
303-309
• ILK OFF
• Outlet temperature has exceeded
o
40 F over inlet temperature
• Alert: 124
Delta-T Limit
Tripped
• Stack temperature has exceeded
the limit temperature.
• Alert: 125
Temperature
Overshoot
Sensor Not
Connected
Fan Not Turning
Air Proving Switch
Blocked Flue
Switch
75
• Outlet temperature has exceeded
limit temperature.
• Alert: 63, 67, 79, 137, 276-281,
303-309
• LCI OFF
• Inlet sensor, Alert: 91
• Outlet sensor, Alert: 92
• DHW sensor, Alert: 93
• Flue sensor, Alert: 95
• Outdoor sensor, Alert: 96
• Fan refuses to rotate
• Alert 122, 123, 128, 129, 130, 131,
132
• Air Switch error
• Alert: 63, 67, 79, 137, 276-281, 182
• LCI OFF
• IAS OFF
• Air Switch error
• Alert: 63, 67, 79, 137, 276-281,
303-309
• ILK OFF
ANALYSIS
• Verify that the capillary tube is broken. If this is the case,
replace Manual Reset High Limit
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air has
been properly purged from the system.
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly.
• Verify that 120 VAC is being supplied to the boiler pump on
a call for heat. If voltage cannot be detected check wiring.
• Verify that the pump is circulating when 120 VAC is
supplied. If so, pump impeller may be stuck. Use a flat
head screwdriver on face of pump to turn impeller
manually.
• If 120 VAC is present during a call for heat, but the pump
still does not circulate, replace pump.
Verify that the system is full of water and that all air has been
properly purged from the system.
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly.
• Verify that 120VAC is being supplied to the boiler pump on
a call for heat. If voltage cannot be detected check wiring.
• Verify that the pump is circulating when 120VAC is
detected. If not, pump impeller may be stuck. Use a flat
head screwdriver on face of pump to turn impeller manually
• If 120VAC is present during a call for heat, but the pump still
does not circulate, replace the pump.
• Purge all air from the piping
• Verify boiler water pressure exceeds 30 PSI
• The stack temperature has exceeded the maximum
temperature allowed.
o
• PVC: 149 F
o
• CPVC: 194 F
o
• AL29-4C, Stainless Steel: 250 F
• Measure the resistance of the flue sensor at room
temperature, it should be approximately 10kΩ.
• Verify that the system is full of water and that all air has
been properly purged from the system
• Verify that the boiler is piped properly.
• Verify that adequate power is supplied to pump on a call for
heat. If voltage cannot be detected check wiring
• Verify pump is circulating when power is supplied. If so,
pump impeller may be stuck.
• If power is present during a call for heat, but the pump still
does not circulate, replace the pump.
• Replace the DynaForce Controller, if necessary.
• Verify sensors are connected
• Verify wiring.
• Measure resistance of sensors, 10kΩ sensors.
• Replace sensor if necessary
• Check fan power wires
• Fan signal wires are interchanged
• Minimum fan speed must be greater than 1600 RPM
• Air Switch wire(s) is/are loose
• Air Switch is set too tight, reduce sensitivity by turning
screw ¼ turn counter-clockwise.
• Blocked Flue Switch wire(s) is/are loose
• Blocked Flue Switch is set too tight, reduce sensitivity by
turning screw ¼ turn clockwise.
SYMPTOM
Flame Detection is
out of Sync
Blank Display
Screen
Internal Fault
#
0
1-31
47
48
49
64
67
79
FAILURE MODE
• Flame detection is present when no
visible signs of a flame exist
• Lockout: 105, 158
• Blank display screen
• Alert: 3-9, 20-31
• Lockout: 10-18, 32-46, 58-60, 9799, 143-148
Table 17: Lockout codes
Description
None
Internal hardware error*
Flame rod to ground leakage
Static Flame
24VAC low/high
Fan speed not proved, ignition failure
Blocked flue condition
Heater Outlet high limit tripped
o
o
Stack limit tripped (PVC: 149 F, CPVC: 194 F,
82
o
250 F)
91
Inlet sensor fault
92
Outlet sensor fault
93
DHW sensor fault
95
Stack sensor fault
105
Flame detected out of sequence
Flame lost if Main Flame Establishing Period
106
(MFEP)
107
Flame lost early in run
108
Flame lost in run
109
Ignition failed
112
Pilot test flame timeout
113
Flame circuit timeout
149
Flame detected
* If an internal hardware error is detected contact Camus
technical support for troubleshooting procedure.
ANALYSIS
• Verify supply voltage for proper polarity.
• Check external wiring for voltage feedback
• Check internal wiring for proper connections
• Check the flame sensor and verify that it is clean
• Replace DynaForce Controller, if necessary
• Check wire connections from DynaForce Controller to
touchscreen display
• Reset SOLA,
• If fault persists, replace SOLA
Table 18: Alert Codes
#
Description
0
None
29
Burner switch turned OFF
30
Burner switch turned ON
47
Flame rod to ground leakage
49
Abnormal 24Vac voltage
50
Modulation Fault (DR300 – 1000 ONLY)
61
Anti-short Cycle
62
Fan speed not proved
63
LCI off, safety circuit is open
67
Interlock Off, safety circuit is open
69
Pilot test hold
78
Demand lost in run
79
Outlet high limit tripped
o
81
Delta-T limit exceeded (30 F)
91
Inlet sensor fault
92
Outlet sensor fault
93
DHW sensor fault
95
Stack sensor fault
96
Outdoor sensor fault
97- Internal Fault*
99
128 Fan speed failed during prepurge
129 Fan speed failed during preignition
130 Fan speed failed during ignition
131 Fan movement detected during standby
132 Fan speed failed during run
137 Interlock failed to close, safety circuit is open
110 Ignition failure occurred
111 Flame current below threshold (0.8Vdc)
149 Flame detected
150, Flame not detected
291
301 Interlock Off, safety circuit is open
309
460 Interlock off during burn, safety circuit is open
* If an internal fault is detected contact Camus technical
support for troubleshooting procedure.
76
Alert 291: Abnormal Recycle: Flame was not on at end of ignition
Alert 294: Abnormal Recycle: Flame was lost during Run
Alert 324: Abnormal Recycle: Hardware flame bias
Alert 377: Abnormal Recycle: Hardware flame bias delta
This error occurs when a flame signal is not detected by the flame sensor. A minimum signal of 0.2Vdc must be detected by the
flame sensor to prove the flame.
Check flame
sensor wire
Within harness bundle
Move flame sensor wire away from harness bundle
Separated from
harness bundle
Check hot
surface igniter
for minimum
3.0A reading
No
Replace igniter
Yes
Check flame
sensor for
carbon
deposit
Yes
Clean and/or replace
No
Verify
differential air
signal is at
0.35” w.c. at
o
80 F return
water
temperature
77
No
Adjust VFD parameter 45 (speed at minimum signal)
until 0.35” w.c. is reached across air differential.
Hold 63: LCI OFF (Load Control Input)
Hold 67: ILK OFF (High Limit, Gas Pressure Switch, Air Switch)
Alert 303: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during drive to Purge
Alert 304: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during Measured purge time
Alert 305: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during Drive to Pre-igntion
Alert 306, 307: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during Pre-ignition
Alert 308: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during Main Flame
Alert 309: Abnormal Recycle: ILK off during Ignition Period
Alert 460: LCI lost in run
This error occurs when one of more of the boiler safety switches are in an open condition when it is to be in a closed condition
before the ignition sequence is allowed to proceed.
Open
Red
Flow Switch
Check flow switch
Check flow switch paddle
Closed
Green
Check water
pressure switch
Open
Open
Red
Reset high limit
Check high limit
High Limit
Must have minimum 30
PSIG in water system
Green
Open
Red
Low gas switch
Gas Pressure Switch
Check inlet gas pressure
> 3” w.c.
Closed
Green
Open
High gas switch
Red
Air Switch
Check blocked
flue switch
Open
Check inlet gas pressure
< 14” w.c.
Check vent & inlet for
obstruction
Closed
Green
Check air proving
switch
Check J5-2
connector
SOLA
Open
Turn set screw CCW 1/2
to 1-1/2 turns
Proceed to
ignition sequence
78
Alert 354: Abnormal Recycle Delta-T limit
o
This safety was breached as the inlet and outlet temperature difference exceeded 40 F. This is done to prevent damage to the
heat exchanger. Before this error appears, the combustion air blower will slow down in an effort to prevent such an error from
occurring.
Low current reading
Verify pump
motor load to
pump rated
load
-
Purge air from water lines
Check pump wiring
Check pump wiring
Current reading
within spec
Check pump curves to
compare with flow and
pressure drops in Part 4
of DynaForce I&O Manual
79
Out of spec
Upgrade Pump
PART 11
MAINTANANCE
CAUTION
It is important that all gas appliances to be serviced by a
Camus trained service technician. It is in your own interest
and that of safety to ensure that all local codes, and all the
“NOTES” and “WARNINGS” in this manual are complied
with. To service or adjust this appliance, it is imperative
that the Camus trained service technician utilize a
combustion analyzer to read CO2, CO and flue pressure
according to Camus Hydronics recommendation
CAUTION
Label all wires prior to disconnection when servicing
controls. Wiring errors can cause improper and dangerous
operation
Listed below are items that must be checked to ensure safe
reliable operations. Verify proper operation after servicing.
11.1
EXAMINE THE VENTING SYSTEM
Examine the venting system at least once a year. Check
more often in the first year to determine inspection interval.
Check all joints and pipe connections for tightness,
corrosion or deterioration. Flush the condensate drain hose
with water to clean. Clean screens in the venting air intake
system as required. Have the entire system, including the
venting system, periodically inspected by a qualified service
agency.
11.2
VISUALLY CHECK MAIN BURNER
FLAMES
At each start up after long shutdown periods or at least
every six months. A burner view port is located on the
burner mounting flange.
CAUTION
The area around the burner view port is hot and direct
contact could result in burns
NOTE
Check torque on fan mounting nuts using a torque wrench.
Evenly tighten the nuts to 20 ft-lbs. Carefully examine the
area adjacent to the fan flange for signs of overheating
which are an indication that gaskets are in need of
replacement
Figure 49: Normal Burner Flame Profile (short
dense and blue)
•
•
•
Normal Flame: A normal flame at 100% of burner input
is blue, with slight yellow tips a well defined flame and
no flame lifting.
Yellow Tip: Yellow tipping can be caused by blockage
or partial obstruction of air flow to the burner.
Yellow Flames: Yellow flames can be caused by
blockage of primary air flow to the burner or excessive
•
gas input. This condition MUST be corrected
immediately.
Lifting Flames: Lifting flames can be caused by over
firing the burner, excessive primary air or high draft in
excess of negative 0.15” W.C.
If improper flame is observed, examine the venting system;
ensure proper gas supply and adequate supply of
combustion and ventilation air.
11.3
FLUE GAS PASSAGEWAYS CLEANING
PROCEDURES
Any sign of soot around the inner jacket, outer jacket, flue
pipe connections, burner or in the areas between the fins
on the copper heat exchanger indicates a need for
cleaning. The following cleaning procedure must only be
performed by a qualified serviceman or installer. Proper
service is required to maintain safe operation. Properly
installed and adjusted units seldom need flue cleaning.
All gaskets/sealant on disassembled components or jacket
panels must be replaced with new gaskets/sealant on reassembly. Gasket and sealant kits are available from the
factory
CAUTION
When the vent system is disconnected for any reason it must
be reassembled and resealed according to vent
manufacturer’s instruction
11.4
CONDENSATION TREATMENT
This high efficiency appliance may operate as a condensing
appliance for extended periods of time based on return
water temperatures. Condensate occurs when the products
of combustion are cooled below their dew point in the heat
transfer process. The liquid condensate formed from this
high efficiency heat transfer process is mildly acidic. The
condensate will typically have a pH ranging from 4.0 to 5.0
as it is discharged from the condensate drain on the rear of
the appliance. The internal jacket area where the
condensate is collected (CHRM) is constructed from a
special corrosion resistant stainless steel. All materials
external to the appliance in contact with the condensate
must be corrosion resistant. This is typically accomplished
by using PVC plastic pipe and synthetic tubing. Condensate
must be able to flow freely from the appliance. All
condensate flow is accomplished by gravity requiring a
minimum downward slope of 1/4” per foot (21mm/m) to
ensure proper flow to the condensate management system
and/or a suitable drain. The neutralizer MUST always be
mounted on the same level or lower than the bottom of the
appliance cabinet and downstream of the condensate trap.
All condensate piping and connections must be easily
accessible for routine maintenance and inspection.
10.4.1
CONDENSATE VOLUME
There are several factors effecting amount of condensation
created by the appliance CHRM, however for rough
approximation use.
Condensation Volume, US Gallon/Hr = Input, MBH/1000 x
5.0
Many codes will require the acidic condensate to be
80
neutralized before it can be placed in a drain system. A
neutralizer to control the pH of the liquid discharged to a
drain system is provided with every condensing appliance.
The neutralizer consists of an industrial grade, noncorrosive plastic reservoir for collection of the condensate.
The condensate collects in the reservoir where it is in direct
contact with the calcium carbonate. As the reservoir fills, it
provides an extended residence time to neutralize the
condensate. The neutralized condensate exits from the
reservoir outlet. A ‘P’ trap must be installed upstream of
neutralizer see Figure 2 above. Prime the installed
assembly with water to prevent flue gas spillage from the
drain. Use standard ½" vinyl, PVC, CPVC or suitable hose
to run to floor drain.
When the condensate level in the reservoir rises to the
drain, the pH is controlled to a range of 5.5 to 6.0 before
exiting the system. (A pH of 7 is neutral. As the pH number
increases in numerical value, the relative acidity of the
discharge decreases). The neutralized condensate may
then be discharged into a suitable drain system without fear
of damage to the drain system. Always check with local
codes for specific requirements. Neutralizers may be used
in series to raise pH. Neutralizer refills are available from
Camus.
11.5
BURNER MAINTENANCE
The burner should be removed for inspection and cleaning
on an annual basis. An appliance installed in a dust or dirt
contaminated environment will require inspection and
cleaning on a more frequent schedule. The fan assisted
combustion process may force airborne dust and dirt
contaminants, contained in the combustion air, into the
burner. With sustained operation, non-combustible
contaminants may reduce burner port area, reduce burner
input or cause non-warrantable damage to the burner.
Airborne contaminants such as dust, dirt, concrete dust or
dry wall dust can be drawn into the burner with the
combustion air and block the burner port area. An external
combustion air filter is provided with the appliance. An
additional filter is located at the fan inlet and like the
external filter may be washed in the sink under the tap. This
internal filter should be checked and cleaned at the time of
appliance commissioning and on a six month interval or
more often in a contaminated environment.
11.5.1
BURNER REMOVAL AND CLEANING
•
•
•
•
•
NOTE:
When the combustion air fan is removed for any reason,
the inlet to the burner must be covered to prevent further
foreign objects from falling into the burner. Always look
inside the burner to check for dents. Do not place a burner
back into operation if the inner distribution screen has
been dented during the service operation, call the factory
for recommendations. Use care when removing and
handling the burner, Sharp objects or impact may damage
or tear the metal fiber surface rendering the burner unfit
for service.
11.5.2
•
•
•
•
•
•
81
Turn off main electrical power to the appliance.
Turn off main manual gas shutoff to the
appliance
Remove the top cover.
Disconnect the gas supply connection to the fan
inlet.
Disconnect the fan motor power wires at the
harness.
Remove the hot surface igniter and the flame
sensor.
Remove the sensing tubes from the air ratio gas
valve to the combustion air fan.
Remove the 4 nuts holding the fan assembly to
the heat exchanger and remove the fan assembly.
On occasion the red silicone gasket may adhere to
the underside of the fan’s flange. Carefully pry the
BURNER CLEANING PROCEDURE
Remove any visible dust or dirt blockage from the surface
of the burner using water from a garden house. The
burner may best be cleaned by immersing the burner port
area in a solution of dishwashing detergent and hot
water. Allow the burner to remain in the solution for a
short period of time to remove dust, dirt and oil or grease
laden contaminants. Rinse the burner thoroughly with
clean water to remove any residue from the detergent
cleaner. The burner should be air dried after removal
from the cleaning solution and rinsing. DO NOT use
chlorine based solvents or cleaning agents on the burner.
11.6
•
Access to the burner will require the following steps:
•
•
flange away from the gasket prior to removing the
fan assembly.
The burner can now be lifted vertically out of the
heat exchanger cavity. A ceramic paper gasket is
located directly under the burner flange. This
gasket must be replaced if it is damaged.
Use care to prevent damage to the knitted metal
fiber of the burner surface.
Wash the burner with low pressure water. Never
wipe or brush the surface of the burner nor use
high pressure water or air.
Check all gaskets and replace as necessary.
Gaskets affected by heat will not reseal properly
and must be replaced.
Replace the burner in the reverse order that it was
removed. Insert the igniter and sensor before
doing the final tightening on the fan mounting nuts.
Evenly tighten the nuts to 20 ft-lbs.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CHANGING THE HOT SURFACE IGNITER
The hot surface igniter is to be checked at least after
every 4000 hours of operation and more frequently
under high cycling conditions. This will maintain peak
ignition efficiency.
Turn off main electrical power to the appliance.
Turn off main manual gas shutoff to the appliance.
Locate the Hot Surface Igniter.
Disconnect the two power leads to the hot surface
igniter.
Loosen and remove the two screws that hold the
igniter.
Lift the igniter vertically out of the burner mounting
flange. Use care, do not hit or break the silicon carbide
igniter. DO NOT pull out by leads.
Ensure that the ceramic paper gaskets used to seal the
base and top of the igniter are reinstalled on the new
igniter.
11.6.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Confirm that the end of the replacement igniter has a
bead of silicone sealing the gap between the metal
mounting flange and the ceramic shaft of the igniter.
Carefully insert the igniter into the mounting point on
the burner flange and push into position on top of the
fan’s flange. The word ‘OUTSIDE’ on igniter faces you
when inserting igniter.
Reinstall the two mounting head screws and tighten by
hand only.
Ensure that the igniter ceramic paper gaskets are
properly installed and seal the point of contact between
the igniter and fan mounting flange.
Reconnect the power leads to the igniter.
Turn on main gas supply.
Turn on main power.
Test fire the appliance to ensure proper operation.
The igniter must generate 3A to reliably prove the
ignition system.
11.7
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
PRIMARY HEAT EXCHANGER
INSPECTION
The primary heat exchanger should be inspected at the
time of burner maintenance.
Turn off all power to the appliance.
Turn off main gas to the appliance.
Remove top cover.
Remove fan assembly and burner as detailed in the
Burner and Cleaning section.
Check the heat exchanger surface for soot. If soot is
present, heat exchanger must be cleaned and problem
corrected.
Remove the front outer jacket door.
Remove the front inner jacket door.
Check “V” baffles on the exchanger.
Use detergent water pressure wash to remove soot
from heat exchanger and surfaces of the inner
chamber.
When necessary, the heat exchanger can be removed
by disconnecting all water piping and removing the
eight flange mounting bolts at the rear of the appliance.
The heat exchanger can now be removed from the
front of the appliance.
Reinstall inner jacket door. Replace any damaged
gaskets to ensure a proper air seal.
Reinstall the burner and fan assembly.
Reassemble all gas and water piping. Test for gas
leaks.
Reassemble outer jacket panels. Keep top cover off.
Cycle unit and check for proper operation.
Once proper operation is confirmed replace the top
cover.
11.8
the heat exchanger can be removed by disconnecting
all water piping and lifting it out from the side.
RE-INSTALLING THE IGNITER
CONDENSING HEAT RECOVERY
MODULE (CHRM) INSPECTION
Inspect the CHRM annually.
Turn off all power to the appliance.
Turn off main gas to appliance.
Remove the top cover, front and right side outer
panels.
Remove the CHRM access cover.
Pressure wash the heat exchanger. Use a soft bristle
brush to remove any remaining deposits. If necessary
11.9
•
•
•
•
•
•
RE-INSTALL HEAT EXCHANGERS
Carefully reinstall the heat exchanger if removed from
the appliance.
Check all gaskets and replace if damaged.
Replace heat exchanger cover.
Reassemble outer jacket panels.
Cycle unit and check for proper operation.
Replace the top cover
11.10
COMBUSTION AIR FAN
Combustion air fan should be checked every 6 months.
Clean internal filter to fan as required when installed in a
dust or dirt contaminated location. See Combustion Air Fan
in the component section for cleaning procedure. The motor
and bearings on the combustion air fan are sealed and
permanently lubricated requiring no addition of oil or
lubricants.
11.11
COMBUSTION AND VENTILATION AIR
Check frequently to be sure that the flow of combustion and
ventilation air to the appliance is not obstructed.
Combustion and ventilation air must be provided to the
mechanical room with openings sized per the requirements
of the B149 or National Fuel Gas Code. The optional
outdoor air kit brings combustion air from the outdoors
directly to the appliance.
11.12
CONTROL CIRCUIT VOLTAGE
This appliance uses a transformer to supply a low voltage
control circuit. The voltage on the secondary side should be
24 to 28VAC when measured with a voltmeter. A secondary
voltage of 21VAC or less supplied to 24VAC components
may cause operational problems. A 4A circuit breaker is
provided on the secondary side of the transformer. The
circuit breaker is located on the front control panel. A
tripped circuit breaker indicates a short in the 24VAC
controls and must be corrected.
11.13
COMBUSTIBLE MATERIALS
CAUTION
Keep appliance clear from combustible materials; do not
store GASOLINE and other flammable vapors and liquids
in the proximity of the appliance.
11.14
FREEZE PROTECTION
Installations are not recommended in areas where the
danger of freezing exists. Proper freeze protection must be
provided for appliances installed outdoors, in unheated
mechanical rooms or where temperatures may drop to the
freezing point or lower. If freeze protection is not provided
for the system, a low ambient temperature alarm is
recommended for the mechanical room. Damage to the
appliance by freezing is non-warrantable.
•
Location - Heating boilers, hot water supply boilers or
water heaters must be located in a room having a
temperature of at least 50ºF (10ºC)
82
•
•
•
Caution - A mechanical room operating under a
negative pressure may experience a downdraft in the
flue of an appliance that is not firing. The cold outside
air may be pulled down the flue and freeze a heat
exchanger. This condition must be corrected to provide
adequate freeze protection.
Freeze protection for the appliance using an indirect
coil can be provided by using hydronic system
antifreeze. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions. DO
NOT use undiluted or automotive type antifreeze.
Shut-down and draining - If for any reason, the unit is
to be shut off in a space where danger of freezing
exists, the following precautionary measures must be
taken:
o Shut off gas supply.
o Shut off water supply.
o Shut off electrical supply.
o Drain the main exchanger and the secondary
exchanger, if supplied, completely.
o Ensure that the pump and connecting piping are
fully drained.
11.15
•
•
•
•
•
FREEZE PROTECTION FOR A HEATING
BOILER SYSTEM (Optional)
Use only properly diluted inhibited glycol antifreeze
designed for hydronic systems.
Follow the instructions from the antifreeze
manufacturer. Quantity of antifreeze required is based
on total system volume including expansion tank
volume.
Antifreeze is denser than water and changes the
viscosity of the system. The addition of antifreeze will
decrease heat transfer and increase frictional loss in
the boiler and related piping. Where antifreeze has
been used, to maintain the temperature rise across the
appliance confirm that the recommended GPM for pure
water has been increased by 15% and the head loss
by 20%.
Local codes may require a back flow preventer or
actual disconnect from city water supply when
antifreeze is added to the system.
When filling or topping-up the system with water mixed
with the antifreeze always used distilled or RO (reverse
osmosis) water. This will prevent the reaction of the
water with antifreeze which can create sludge.
PART 12
12.1
INSTALLATIONS
HEATING BOILER INSTALLATIONS
The appliance MUST always be installed in a
primary/secondary piping system for proper operation.
Before beginning the installation, consult local codes for
specific plumbing requirements. The installation should
provide unions and valves at the inlet and outlet of the
appliance so it can be isolated for service. An air separation
device must be supplied in the installation piping to
eliminate trapped air in the system. Locate a system air
vent at the highest point in the system. The system must
also have a properly sized expansion tank installed.
Typically, an air charged diaphragm-type expansion tank is
used. The expansion tank must be installed close to the
boiler and on the suction side of the system pump
(appliance Inlet) to ensure proper operation. Caution: This
appliance should not be operated at less than 15 PSIG
cold. Pressure will rise when hot. Expansion tank sizing will
determine the pressure when the system is hot. Do not
operate the system at less than 30 PSIG when hot. Water
piping must be supported by suitable hangers or floor
stands, NOT by the appliance. Pipe systems will be subject
to considerable expansion and contraction. Pipe supports
could allow the pipe to slide resulting in noise transmitted
into the system. Padding is recommended. The boiler
pressure relief valve must be piped to a suitable floor drain.
See Section 4.2.
CAUTION
1) A leak in a boiler “System” will cause the “System”
to intake fresh water constantly, which may cause
the tubes to accumulate a lime/scale build up.
This will be a NON-WARRANTABLE FAILURE.
2)
3)
12.2
If boiler pumps are not operated when treated
water is introduced, a corrosion cell may be
created in the boilers leading to a failure which is
not covered by warranty.
Target water quality of treated water to be stable
and neutral with regards to corrosive/scaling
properties. Damage to or failure of the heat
exchanger as a result of scaling or corrosive
water quality is not covered by warranty.
WATER CONNECTIONS
All models have FIP inlet and outlet bronze connections.
Pipe size must be in accordance with Table 5 and, between
supply and return lines, must not exceed 80 feet of
equivalent length. Any reduction in recommended pipe size
may decrease flow resulting in high water temperatures,
boiler noise, flashing to steam and non-warrantable heat
exchanger damage.
12.3
PIPING LENGTHS
The appliance circulator provides the water flow from the
primary boiler piping, through the boiler and back to the
primary system. Pipe diameter and length are critical to
ensure proper flow through the boiler.
The secondary loop piping to and from the appliance must
have a fully ported ball valve installed in both the supply
and return side piping and will be used for isolation only.
The ball valves must be the same diameter as the installed
piping. If flow control is required, other means of flow
control such as globe valve or flow setter should be used.
83
12.4
Boiler Set-Up
1 Ensure that the boiler and piping system are
full of water. Bleed all air from the pump
housing and secondary loop.
2 Check system for any water leaks.
3 Check system for installation of glycol or
water treatment where required. Where glycol
has been used to maintain the temperature
rise across the appliance confirm that the
recommended flow for pure water has been
increased by 15% and the head loss by 20%.
4 Turn on power to the primary system pump
and the appliance secondary pump and verify
operation.
Boiler Operational Checks
1 Turn the boiler main power switch to the “ON”
position.
2 Verify operation of the Fuji and Diagnostic
Display.
3 Program the adjustable points.
4 Turn the switch to the “ON” position to start
boiler operation.
5 Push the resets for low water level, high water
temperature and flame failure.
6 Install a manometer on the gas supply to the
boiler and verify minimum gas supply
pressure as the burner fires at 100% of rated
input.
7 Verify operation of safeties as necessary (low
water cut-off, high limit, gas pressure, etc.).
Boiler Operation
1 Appliance should begin the start-up process
for the sequence of operation.
2 The boiler will fire down to 20% for
condensing and near-condensing appliances
and 35% for non-condensing appliances on
initial start-up and adjust input as required to
meet system demand.
3 Ensure that inlet water temperature does not
fall below 115°F (46°C) for non-condensing
o
o
and 130 F (55 C) for condensing and nearcondensing.
4 Based on system demand, the appliance will
modulate accordingly.
5 As system demand is satisfied, the burner will
cycle off and the combustion air fan will
decelerate at a pre-programmed rate before
the appliance shuts down.
INTERMITTENT PUMP OPERATION
An intermittent pump operation signal is standard and can
be used to operate a separate pump contactor .A ¾ hp
pump delay relay is available as an option. When equipped
with this option, the boiler’s integral circulating pump will
cycle on at each call for heat, before the burner fires. The
pump will continue to operate while the burner is firing. The
pump will run for a period of time until the programmed
delta T between inlet and outlet is reached, after the
temperature set point is satisfied. This will remove any
residual heat from the combustion chamber before turning
the pump off. See wiring diagram shipped with the unit.
12.5
a)
b)
SUMMARY
Typical Boiler Installations
General Plumbing Rules
1 Check all local codes.
2 For serviceability of boiler, always install
unions.
3 Always pipe pressure relief valve to an open
drain.
4 Locate system air vents at highest point of
system.
5 Expansion tank must be installed near the
boiler and on the suction side of the system
pump.
6 Support all water piping.
Placing the Boiler in Operation
Pre-Start Check List
1 Review the location of the boiler, clearances
from combustible surfaces and available service
clearances.
2 Review Part 2 Venting. Ensure that all vent
components are fabricated from the correct
category of materials with adequate clearance
from combustibles.
3 Ensure that the boiler condensate drain and all
vent system condensate drains are properly
routed to an acceptable floor drain or
neutralization system.
4 Review the vent termination point for proper
location and clearances.
5 Ensure that proper volumes of combustion and
ventilation air are provided to the mechanical
room. If a separate combustion air pipe is used,
ensure that it is properly sized, sealed and
terminated.
6 Review the water piping from the boiler to the
system. The boiler must be installed in a
primary/ secondary piping system. Review the
diameter and equivalent length of the installed
piping to and from the boiler to ensure proper
flow.
7 Ensure that a properly sized primary system
pump is installed with an expansion tank.
8 Check system pressure. Ensure a minimum of
30 PSIG with the system hot and not more than
90% of the rated pressure of the relief valve.
9 Review the installed gas piping from the meter
to the boiler. Ensure that the gas pipe, meter
and any regulators are adequately sized.
10 Review the field wiring and electrical service for
both the boiler controls and pump. Ensure that
the electrical service(s) is adequately sized.
12.6
DOMESTIC HOT WATER HEATER
Hot water heaters are designed for installation with a
storage tank. The operation of the properly sized circulating
pump, the piping between the tank and heater and the
control of water velocity, as explained below, are important
for correct operation of your hot water heater.
12.7
WATER VELOCITY CONTROL
To ensure proper velocity through the heat exchanger(s), it
is necessary to select the proper pump. Temperature rise
at full fire will be an indication of flow. This must be done
on initial installation and periodically rechecked.
Excessive lime/scale build-up in the heat exchanger tubes
is a result of restricted flow and too little velocity in the
tubes. Excessive pitting or erosion in the tube is caused by
high water flow and too much velocity through the tubes.
84
Care should be taken to maintain required water velocity
based on water condition as follows:
12.8
TEMPERATURE RISE AT FULL FIRING
RATE
1
The pump must run continuously when the burner is
firing.
2 With the pump running and the burner in the water
heater or hot water supply boiler in the off cycle, the
Return/Inlet
temperature
and
Supply/Outlet
temperature readings on the SmartFlame display
should read approximately the same temperatures.
3 Turn the hot water heater on and allow time for the
temperature to stabilize. Check the temperature rise
when the burner is firing at 100% of rated input.
4 Compare the temperature rise on the SmartFlame
display with the required temperature rise at the
required flow rate based on water condition (Soft,
Normal, and Hard). Should adjustment be needed,
proceed as follows:
If the temperature rise is too high, the water velocity is
too low. Adjust as follows:
1 Check for flow restrictions. Check for debris in strainers
2 Check diameter and equivalent length of the piping
between the storage tank and hot water heater.
3 Be sure all valves are open between the hot water
heater and the storage tank. Ensure that all ball valves
are fully ported.
4 Check the pump to be sure it is running properly and
that the pump motor is running in the proper direction.
5 Be sure the pipes between the hot water heater and
storage tank are not more than a total of 80 equivalent
feet between supply and return lines. If maximum
equivalent length for the specified pipe diameter is
exceeded, larger diameter pipe may have to be
installed to achieve correct flow and temperature rise.
6 Common manifold piping for multiple unit installations
will require larger minimum pipe sizes and tank
circulating tapping to ensure proper flow.
If the temperature rise is too low, the water velocity is
too high. Adjust as follows:
1 Temperature rise can be increased by slowly closing
the flow control valve (globe valve or flow setter) in the
outlet piping from the hot water heater to the storage
tank to achieve the proper temperature rise.
2 Sustained high water velocity and low temperature rise
may result in pitting or erosion of the copper tubes in
the heat exchangers. This is a non-warrantable failure.
Temperature rise must be properly adjusted to achieve
the specified flow rate.
The required temperature rise and the recommended pump
size are based on the heating of potable water with normal
hardness within a typical range of 7.5 to 17.0 grains per
gallon. Consult the factory when heating potable water
exceeding these specifications. Damage to the heat
exchanger as a result of scaling or corrosive water
conditions in non-warrantable.
CAUTION
Temperature rise cannot be adjusted when the burner is
firing at less than 100% of input rate.
85
12.9
WATER HEATERS
Incorrect piping of the cold water supply to the system may
result in excessive low temperature operation causing
condensate formation on the primary heat exchanger and
operational problems. The cold water supply piping must be
installed in the discharge piping from the heater to the
storage tank. This allows the cold water to be tempered in
the storage tank before entering the heater.
The manufacturer recommends the use of a properly sized
thermostatic mixing valve to supply domestic hot water at
temperatures less than 140°F (60°C). Storing the water at a
higher temperature and thermostatically mixing the water
will decrease the size of the storage tank and increase the
available quantity of mixed hot water. Caution! Adequate
care MUST be taken to prevent potential scald injury when
storing water at 140°F (60°C) and hotter.
WARNING
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off,
do not turn off or disconnect the electrical supply to the
pump, instead, shut off the gas supply at a location
external to the appliance
PART 13
EXPLODED VIEW
86
SmartFlame Control Panel
87
57
60
69
73
43
47
74
46
78
77
76
45
75
13
SOLA Control Panel
44
55
88
Sheet Metal Components
5
Heat
Exchanger
Base Support
Combustion
Chamber
Wrap
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-05A
-07A
-11A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Flue Duct
14-5014A
14-5208A
14-5308
14
15
Inner Top
Panel
Combustion
Chamber
Condensate Bin
Outer Jacket
Left Panel
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
X
-17A
X
X
X
X
-45
-50
-60
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-45A
-50A
-60A
X
X
X
600A
600A
600A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-45
-50
-60
X
X
X
X
X
X
-45
-50
-60
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-20A
-25A
-30A
-35A
-40A
45A
-50A
X
-17A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-3550A
-3550A
-3550A
X
X
X
-17A
-17A
-17A
30A
X
X
X
X
X
14-0346
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5332
14-6025A
14-5225A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5328
14-6021
14-5224
14-5324
14-5009
14-5203
14-5303
14-5021A
14-5211
14-5311
14-6011
14-5222
14-5322
14-5260
X
-05A
-07A
-11A
-11A
-15A
X
X
X
-20A
-25A
X
X
X
-07A
-11A
Control Box
19
14-5231
X
20
Control Panel
Outdoor Cover
14-5232
X
-40A
45A
-50A
-30A
-35-50A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-11A
-15A
Control Panel
Outdoor
Cover Door
-35A
X
X
-05A
-30A
X
-15A-25A
16
89
X
X
-11A
13
X
-15A
-11A
Outer Jacket
Rear Panel
X
-11A
-05A
12
X
X
-05A
11
X
X
14-5290
10
X
X
7
14-5279
X
X
Flue Outlet
Transition
9
X
15A
Outer Jacket
Right Panel
Vent
Transition
Disk
Back Cover
Plate (NonCondensing)
Transition
Inner to
Outer
Jackets
X
X
6
8
1750
X
1500
X
6004
4
Base Panel
X
5004
3
Combustion
Chamber
Door
X
4504
2
14-6004
14-5221
14-5321
14-5210
14-5204
14-5304
14-5012A
14-5206A
14-5306
14-5011
14-5205A
14-5305
14-5008
14-5202
14-5302
14-6012
14-5223
14-5323
1200
Outer Jacket
Front Panel
1100
1
Part ID
750
Name of
Part
500
Ref
#
ALL
Model Sizes
-17A
-20A
-25A
-30A
-35A
40A
-45A
-50A
1100
1200
1500
1750
2000
2500
3000
X
X
X
Back Cover Plate
(NonCondensing)
14-6023A
14-6023A-50
X
14-5270
-05A
-11A
-11A
-11A
X
X
X
X
Secondary
Heat
Exchanger
Cover
Electrical Box
Vee Baffle
Sets
Outer Jacket
Top Cover
Assembly
Outside Air
Intake
Housing
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-50A
-50A
-60A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
14-5323A
Junction Box
14-6035
14-0354
14-5314
14-4188-01
14-5228A
14-5329
GFH 10"
GFH 12"
GFH 14"
6004
750
X
5004
30
X
4504
29
X
5000
27
X
4500
26
X
14-5233-50-1
14-6022A
4000
23
X
Rain Canopy
Back Cover
Plate
(Condensing)
3500
22
500
ALL
21
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
-17A
-17A
-30A
-30A
-30A
-3550A
-3550A
-3550A
-3550A
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
90
Miscellaneous Components
44
45
46
47
Inlet Outlet
Header Top
Gasket
White Ceramic
Gasket (Under
Burner Flange)
Main Burner
Burner
Flange Red
Silicone
Gasket
V8730V1023
50
Valve
Actuator
V8730V1031
V4734C1002
51
Valve Body
91
SKP55
VGG10.404U
VGD40.065U
VGD40.080U
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
6004
X
5004
X
4504
X
5000
X
X
4500
V8730C1015
X
4000
X
500011
3500
X
X
2000
X
271R
3000
Fan Flange
X
X
2500
43
13-5052
13-5330
13-5331
13-5332
13-5333
33-5239
33-5237
33-5238
33-5240
33-5242
33-5241
33-5243
33-5245
500-BRN
750-BRN
DR-1400-BRN
1500-BRN
1750-BRN
2000-BRN
2500-BRN
3000-BRN
3500-BRN
4000-BRN
4500-BRN
5000-BRN
DR-4000-BRN
DR-5000-BRN
6000-BRN
33-5218
33-5224
33-5227
33-5230
PSE-CH5
1750
42
Part ID
1500
41
1200
Flame Rod
Hot Surface
Igniter
View Port
Glass
1100
40
750
Name of
Part
ALL
Ref
#
500
Model Sizes
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
53
54
Filter Holder
Fan Intake
Filter
DF-500-HTX
DF-750-HTX
5004
6004
3000
4504
2500
2000
1750
1500
1200
X
5000
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
DF-1200-HTX
X
DF-1500-HTX
X
DF-1750-HTX
55
X
4500
X
DF-1100-HTX
Primary
Copper/Copper
Nickel Heat
Exchanger (Vie
Baffles
Excluded)
X
X
V4295A1049
13-0026
66-5005
13-0027
66-5011
DF-14-0119
DF-14-0120
DF-14-0121
GFIF-2000-CH
GFIF-3000-CH
GFIF-5000-CH
X
4000
Fan/Air Gas
Inlet Adapter
V4295A1056
3500
52
1100
Solenoid
Valve
750
51A
Part ID
500
Name of
Part
ALL
Ref
#
X
DF-2000-HTX
X
DF-2500-HTX
X
DF-3000-HTX
X
DF-3500-HTX
X
DF-4000-HTX
X
DF-4500-HTX
X
DF-5000-HTX
X
DF-4504-HTX
X
DF-5004-HTX
X
DF-6004-HTX
56
57
58
Secondary
Heat
Exchanger
Fan Housing
Flange
Gasket
CAM 500
CAM 1750
CAM 3000
CAM 5000
CAM 6000
AF9
AF10
AF12
AF15
33-0013
33-0014
33-0030
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Electrical Components
Model Sizes
92
60
Variable
Frequency
Drive
(460V/60/3)
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
Part
Ignition
Module
Tekmar
Control
Fuji Control
X
X
LXR5010UW472149
X
LXR5010UB28230
X
LXR5010SI28230
X
2150-1-20-23020
X
BK/AGC-4
X
LY1F 24/120
X
75VA
Transformer
HCT-01J28807
X
Electrical
Motor
1/2 HP
1 HP
1 1/2 HP
3 HP
5 HP
5000
4504
5004
X
X
X
X
X
X
6004
4500
X
4000
X
3500
3000
X
2500
2000
1200
1750
1100
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Circuit Board
X
Blocked Flue
Switch
Differential
Pressure
Switch
Control Box
Plate
8021205256
X
SML1210034
X
14-1005-03
X
Honeywell
SOLA
R7910A1001
X
1649341-8
X
HCT-01J2BB07
X
ETISO-V
X
93
X
X
W51A152A
T92P7A22-24
Not shown in exploded view
Recommended spare parts
X
X
PXZ4REY-4XC26-D
24V Contactor
X
X
X
Relay(s)
115/24V
Transformer
0-10Vdc
Converter (if
equipped)
X
X
101505
DynaFlame
PCB
X
X
X
White
Indicator
Light
Blue Indicator
Light
Red Indicator
Light
Amber
Indicator
Light
Fuse
24V/120V
Relays
X
X
C.N.-35-671922-151
On/Off Switch
750
SM005S
SM010S
SM015S
SM230S
SM250
T232
T234
T235
T237
T238
1500
Variable
Frequency
Drive
Part ID
500
Name of
Part
ALL
Ref
#
X
PART 14
ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
DynaFlame 500 – 3000 with Tekmar SmartFlame and Fenwal Ignition Module
94
DynaFlame 3500 – 5000 with Tekmar SmartFlame and Fenwal Ignition Module
95
1
2
3
M
+
-
GND
1 2 11 25
1
2
COM HOT
NO.
SURF.
RELAY
VARIABLE FREQ. DRIVE
120V 1? TO 230V 3?
IGNITER
1
2
24VAC
GAS
VALVE
75 VA
TRANS
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
J4
J1
J7
+ - GND
A B C
A B C
+ - GND
J3
HIGH LIMIT
GAS PRES.
AIR SWITCH
WATER FLOW
LCI
J6
ALARM
GAS VALVE
INTERLOCK
1
J9
J10
1 2 3
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
BOARD
BLOWER
J5
HOT SURFACE
PUMP C
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
J8 2
+
4-20mA -
J2
4 3
2 1
BOILER PUMP (PUMP B)
PUMP A
1 4
2 5
3 6
FLAME
SENSOR
REMOTE
LOCAL
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
1
2
DHW
SENSOR
(OPT.)
SYSTEM OR
OUTDR SENSOR
OUTLET
TEMP.
SENSOR
INLET
TEMP.
SENS.
1
2
3
OT
OT
+ - G
1
2
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
MODULE (OPT.)
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
DISPLAY
N POWER V+
L SUPPLY V-
KC
MANUAL NC NO NC NO
+
SWITCH
+ - G +PWR -PWR G
PROTONODE
MODBUS TO
LONWORKS OR
BACNET CONVERTER
(if equipped)
-
Apr-11-2011
CONNECT
TO BMS
+
BLOWER
CASCADE
ALARM
4-20mA
EXTERNAL INPUT +
REMOTE
OPERATOR
PUMP 1/6HP
MAX.
FIELD SUPPLY
115V 60Hz
GND
SCREW
N
L1
ON/OFF
SWITCH
C
99-0174-1
1
1
00
500 - 1200 DynaFlame, 4-20mA, Alarm
BLOCKED FLUE
SWITCH
LOW GAS
SWITCH
HIGH GAS
SWITCH
(OPT.)
HIGH LIMIT
WATER PRESSURE
SWITCH (OPT.)
WATER FLOW
---- FIELD SUPPLIED
····· OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
BK - BLACK
BL- BLUE
BR - BROWN
G - GREEN
O - ORANGE
P - PURPLE
W - WHITE
Y - YELLOW
R - RED
Note: 1) If any of the original wire as supplied with
the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced
with wiring having a temperature rating of at least
105C
CONNECTION
DIAGRAM
DynaFlame 500 – 1200 with Honeywell SOLA Ignition Module
96
97
1
2
3
M
BLOWER
+
-
GND
1 2 11 25
1 2
COM HOT
NO.
SURF.
RELAY
GAS VALVE
RELAY 2
COM
NO.
COM
NO.
VARIABLE FREQ. DRIVE
120V 1? TO 230V 3?
IGNITER
GAS VALVE
RELAY 1
1
2
115VAC
GAS
VALVE
75 VA
TRANS
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
J4
J1
J7
+ - GND
A B C
J3
HIGH LIMIT
GAS PRES.
AIR SWITCH
A B C
+ - GND
WATER FLOW
LCI
J6
ALARM
GAS VALVE
INTERLOCK
1
J8
OPERATOR
1 2 3
J10
J9
+
4-20mA -
J2
4 3
2 1
INTEGRATED
CONTROL
BOARD
BLOWER
J5
HOT SURFACE
PUMP C
BOILER PUMP
(PUMP B)
PUMP A
1 4
2 5
3 6
FLAME
SENSOR
REMOTE
LOCAL
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
1
2
DHW
SENSOR
(OPT.)
SYSTEM OR
OUTDR SENS.
OUTLET
SENSOR
INLET
SENS.
+
- G
1
2
3
OT
OT
1
2
OUTDOOR
SENSOR
MODULE (OPT.)
DISPLAY
N POWER V+
L SUPPLY V-
MANUAL NC NO NC NO
+
SWITCH
+ - G +PWR -PWR G
PROTONODE
MODBUS TO
LONWORKS OR
BACNET CONVERTER
(if equipped)
-
KC
CONNECT
TO BMS
+
CASCADE
ALARM
4-20mA
EXTERNAL INPUT +
REMOTE
OPERATOR
PUMP 1/6HP
MAX.
FIELD SUPPLY
115V 60Hz
GND
SCREW
N
L1
ON/OFF
SWITCH
Apr-11-2011
C
99-0175-1
1
1500 - 1750 DynaFlame, 4-20mA,
Alarm
LOW AIR
SWITCH
BLOCKED FLUE
SWITCH
LOW GAS
SWITCH
HIGH GAS
SWITCH
(OPT.)
HIGH LIMIT
WATER
PRESSURE
SWITCH (OPT.)
WATER FLOW
1
---- FIELD SUPPLIED
····· OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
BK - BLACK
BL- BLUE
BR - BROWN
G - GREEN
O - ORANGE
P - PURPLE
W - WHITE
Y - YELLOW
R - RED
CONNECTION
DIAGRAM
00
Note: 1) If any of the original wire as supplied with
the appliance must be replaced, it must be replaced
with wiring having a temperature rating of at least
105C
DynaFlame 1500 – 1750 with Honeywell SOLA Ignition Module
Camus DynaFlame SmartFlame PCB Electrical Ladder Diagram
98
99
Y
O
BR
Y
BK
AIR INLET
DAMPER
CONNECTION
MOTOR
POWER OPEN
POWER CLOSED
AIR INLET
DAMPER
Y - TO TERMINAL 1
(COMMON RETURN)
BL - PROCEEDS TO IGNITION
CONTROL BOX TERMINALS
R - FROM TERMINAL 8
(CONSTANT POWER)
BK - FROM TERMINAL 6
(CALL FOR HEAT)
EFFIKAL AIR INLET DAMPER SCHEMATIC
BL
BK
R
BK - BLACK
BL - BLUE
BR - BROWN
O - ORANGE
P - PURPLE
R - RED
W - WHITE
Y - YELLOW
R
R
R
BL
Y
Y
R
Y
MOTOR
END
SWITCH
AIR INLET
DAMPER
CONNECTION
KC
29/04/2011
C
93-0195-17
1
1
POWER OPEN
SPRING RETURN
CLOSED
AIR INLET
DAMPER
Spring Return Air Inlet Damper
Connection Detail with
Local/Remote Switch
FAMCO AIR INLET DAMPERSCHEMATIC
Y
BK
Y - TO TERMINAL 1
(COMMON RETURN)
00
BL - PROCEEDS TO IGNITION
CONTROL BOX TERMINALS
R - FROM TERMINAL 8
(CONSTANT POWER)
BK - FROM TERMINAL 6
(CALL FOR HEAT)
100
WARRANTY
GENERAL
Camus Hydronics Limited (“Camus”) extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the owner of this appliance, provided that
the product has been installed and operated in accordance with the Installation Manual provided with the equipment. Camus
will furnish a replacement for, or at Camus option repair, any part that within the period specified below, shall fail in normal use
and service at its original installation location due to any defect in workmanship, material or design. The repaired or
replacement part will be warranted for only the unexpired portion of the original warranty. This warranty does not cover failures
or malfunctions resulting from: (1) Failure to properly install, operate or maintain the equipment in accordance with Camus’
manual; (2) Abuse, alteration, accident, fire, flood, foundation problems and the like; (3) Sediment or lime build-up, freezing, or
other conditions causing inadequate water circulation; (4) Pitting and erosion caused by high water velocity; (5) Failure of
connected systems devices, such as pump or controller; (6) Use of non-factory authorized accessories or other components in
conjunction with the system; (7) failing to eliminate air from, or replenish water in, the connected water system; (8) Chemical
contamination of combustion air or use of chemical additives to water.
HEAT EXCHANGER
If within TEN years after initial installation of the appliance, a heat exchanger shall prove upon examination by Camus to be
defective in material or workmanship, Camus will exchange or repair such part or portion on the following pro rated limited
warranty. (1) Years one through five - standard warranty (2) Years six through ten - replacement purchase price pro rated at the
following schedule: Year six - 60%, Year seven - 65%, Year eight -70%, Year nine -75% Year ten -80% of the current list price
of the current list price For bronze/copper/copper-nickel this term is reduced to FIVE years if the appliance is used for other
than hydronic space heating.
Heat Exchanger shall be warranted for (20) years from date of installation against “Thermal Shock” (excluded, however, if
caused by appliance operation at large changes exceeding 150 ºF between the water temperature at intake and appliance
temperature, or operating at appliance temperatures exceeding 230 ºF). The Condensing Heat Recovery Module is warranted
for a period of FIVE years.
BURNER
If within FIVE years after initial installation of the appliance a burner shall prove upon examination by Camus to be defective in
material or workmanship, Camus will exchange or repair such part or portion.
ANY OTHER PART
If any other part fails within one (1) year after installation, or eighteen (18) months from date of factory shipment based on
Camus' records, whichever comes first. Camus will furnish a replacement or repair that part. Replacement parts will be shipped
f.o.b. our factory.
HOW TO MAKE A CLAIM
Any claim under this warranty shall be made directly to Camus Hydronics Limited Canadian Head Office
SERVICE LABOR RESPONSIBILITY
Camus shall not be responsible for any labour expenses to service, repair or replace the components supplied. Such costs are
the responsibility of the owner.
DISCLAIMERS
Camus shall not be responsible for any water damage. Provisions should be made that in the event of a water/appliance or
fitting leak, the resulting flow of water will not cause damage to its surroundings.
Name of Owner
Name of Dealer
Address
Address
Model No.
Serial No.
Date of Installation:
Date of Initial Operation:
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L5T 1B7, CANADA
101
CAMUS Hydronics is a
manufacturer
of
replacement parts for
most copper finned
water heaters
and
heating
boilers as well
as a
The
CAMUS
CERTIFIED!
Seal
assures
you
that
Reliability, Efficiency &
serviceability are built
into
every
single unit!
For
more
information
supplier of specialty
HVAC products. Our
service line is open 24
hours, 7 days a week!
on
our
innovative
products from CAMUS
Hydronics Limited, call
905-696-7800 today.
CAMUS HYDRONICS LTD.
6226 Netherhart Road, Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1B7
TEL: 905·696·7800 FAX: 905·696·8801
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