IM735070-04E 020

IM735070-04E 020
User’s
Manual
Model 735070
AQ7932
OTDR Emulation Software
Operation Manual
IM 735070-04E
2nd Edition
Introduction
Thank you for your purchasing of this AQ7932 OTDR Emulation Software.
This user's manual describes the basic operating procedures of AQ7932.
Use this manual together with the AQ7932's help facilities.
In this manual, the descriptions are based on Windows2000.
Notes
The contents of this manual describe AQ7932 OTDR Emulation Software Ver.3.05.
IF you are using another version of the software, the operating procedures or the figures
given in this manual may differ from the actual software.
The contents of this manual are subject to change without prior notice as a result of
continuing improvements to the program's performance and functions.
Operating Environment (Software / Hardware)
„ Recommended Operating Environment of the PC
Item
Description
OS
Microsoft® Windows ® 2000, Microsoft Windows XP,
Microsoft Windows Vista
Excel
Microsoft Excel 2000 or later
(When the XLS file output function is used.)
PC
Clock speed
An environment where the OS comfortably operates
Capacity of the HDD
At least a free hard disk space of 20 MB is required for installation
Capacity of the RAM
128 MB at least (256 MB or more is recommended.)
* The printer spooler may take up a large amount of memory during
continuous printing or report output. If the free disk space become
insufficient, the program may not run properly.
Display
Resolution of 1024 × 768 dots at least
Disk drive
CD-ROM drive
Trademarks
Microsoft, Windows, Windows XP, and Windows Vista are either registered trademarks or
trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S.A. and other countries.
Other company and product names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their
respective owners.
For purposes of this manual, the TM and ® symbols do not accompany their respective
trademark names or registered trademark names.
Revisions
First Edition October, 2005
2nd Edition December, 2008
i
Contents
Introduction ·································································································································· i
Notes i
Operating Environment (Software / Hardware) ············································································ i
Trademarks ·································································································································· i
Chapter 1 Waveform Analysis ································································1
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
Loading the Waveform File·······························································································1
Setting Up the Screen Properties ·····················································································3
Analysis with One Waveform (Normal Mode)···································································4
Analysis with Two Waveforms (2Way Trace Mode) ··························································6
Auto Search ·····················································································································8
Printing ···························································································································10
Chapter 2 Editing and Saving Data ······················································ 11
2-1
2-2
2-3
Changing the Group Index and Inserting Comments on a Section Basis······················· 11
Label Batch Conversion ·································································································12
Saving Files after Converting the File Format by One Operation ···································14
Chapter 3 Making a Report ··································································16
3-1
3-2
Trace Output ··················································································································17
Total Table Output ··········································································································21
Chapter 4 Troubleshooting ···································································26
4-1
4-2
Troubles Related to Waveform Analysis·········································································26
Troubles Related to Making a Report ·············································································26
Chapter 5 Related Software ·································································27
5-1
OTDR Project File Editor································································································27
ii
Chapter 1 Waveform Analysis
1-1 Loading the Waveform File
‹ Displaying the Waveform
1
2
1. Click [File] in the menu.
2. Click [Open] - [Normal Mode].
3
3. Select the folder storing the waveform file
you want to display.
4. Select the file type.
(Select the file format of the waveform file
you want to display.)
5
5. Select the file you want to display.
The label, measurement conditions, and
the overall view of the selected file will be
displayed.
6. Click [Open].
The waveform will be displayed on the
trace screen.
If you want to display another waveform,
repeat the steps 1 through 6.
‹ Closing the Displayed Waveform
1. Select the waveform file you want to close.
1
2
2. Click [File] in the menu.
3. Click [Close].
The selected waveform file will close.
If you want to close all the waveforms
currently being displayed, click [Close All].
1
3
4
6
<Sample Display>
Waveform display when two or more number of waveforms have been loaded
When two or more number of waveforms have been loaded, you can determine to
display only the current waveform or all the waveforms on the trace screen.
Mark the [Mult Trace] checkbox.
If a checkmark is placed, you can display two
or more number of waveforms on the trace
screen.
(Up to eight waveforms can be displayed.)
In the file list area, you can display not only the file name but also the label.
Selectable between file
name and label
2
1-2 Setting Up the Screen Properties
You can change the default setting to the desired one.
If you change the setting, the software starts up with the new setting from the next time on.
1. Click [Screen] in the menu.
1
2. Click [Trace Screen Setup].
2
‹ Changing the Color
Example: Changing the background color to white (from the default of gray)
3
3. Click the [Color] tab.
4
4. Select [White-background] from the [Color Group
Select] pull-down menu.
5. Click [OK].
The background color will change to white.
5
Note
In the color group, there are three default values
provided for black, white, and gray backgrounds
respectively.
The default trace colors are preset which are
suitable for each background.
Furthermore, selecting [User Setup] allows you to
change the colors of background and trace
individually.
In the same manner, you can change the following items.
For details, see the help facilities of the AQ7932.
(Click [Help] - [Contents] in the menu. [Contents] - [Screen menu] - [Screen setup])
‹ Changing the Number of Displayed Digits and the Unit
‹ The Shape of the Cursor (Cross or Line), Show/hide the Grid
‹ Changing the Item To Be Displayed in the Event List
3
See the help facilities.
→Contents
→Screen Menu
→Screen Condition Setup
1-3 Analysis with One Waveform (Normal Mode)
This section describes the operations to zoom into the waveform and set up the marker
which are necessary to measure the distances and losses.
For the measuring method of them, see [Basic Measurement] of the help facilities.
5
Simultaneous zooming
in/out of vertical &
horizontal axes
6
Click.
5
1
Zooming
in/out of
vertical axis
3
Drag.
2
Marker
4
8
9
10
Zooming in/out of
7
5 horizontal axis
‹ Setting Up the Cursor and the Marker
See the help facilities.
→ Screen Description
→ Trace Area,
Function Buttons
1. Click anywhere on the trace waveform.
The cursor appears at the position of the pointer.
2. Click and drag the cursor at the position where you want to display the marker.
(Moving the cursor)
3. Click the button
. (Setting up the marker 1)
In the same manner, set up the markers 2, Y2, and 3.
The results of analysis are displayed in the [marker information area].
4. If you want to delete a cursor or a marker, click
(Cursor Clear) or
(Marker
Clear).
‹ Zooming in/out the Waveform
5. Click the button
or
. (Zooming in/out with the cursor as the center)
Zooming in/out are performed vertically, horizontally, or in the both directions
depending on the button clicked.
6. To initialize the scale, click the button
.
‹ Moving the Waveform Display Area
7. Moving along the horizontal axis
Drag the scroll bar at the bottom of the trace screen, or click the button
8. Moving along the vertical axis
Drag the scroll bar on the right side of the trace screen, or click the button
4
.
.
‹ Displaying the Approximate Line
9. Click the slope fit button
10. Click the LSA button
.
or TPA button
as necessary.
‹ Changing the Position of the Marker
See the help facilities.
→ Terminology List
→ Slope Fit
→ LSA
→ TPA
The marker 1 is used as an example in the following explanation.
The procedures are the same for other markers.
• Operation with a Mouse
1. Move the mouse pointer into the circle of the marker 1.
2. Drag the pointer to the position to which you want to move the marker.
(Left-click the mouse, and the cursor moves to the center of the marker.)
3. Release the left button at the position to which you want to move the marker.
(The marker 1 is set.)
4. Press the Confirm button
.
• Operation with a Marker Button
1. Move the cursor to the position to which you want to move the marker.
2. Press the button of the marker you want to move.
Note
See the help facilities.
→ Screen Operations
→ Marker Operation
Markers can move in the range of 1 < Y1 < Y3 < 2 < Y2 < 3.
(You can call up the cursor by left-clicking the mouse anywhere on the trace
screen.)
The color of the marker turns "red" just after it was moved indicating that the
position of the marker is uncertain.
Pressing the Confirm button confirms the position of the marker, and the marker
color turns "white".
5
1-4 Analysis with Two Waveforms (2Way Trace Mode)
‹ Displaying the Waveforms
1. Click [File] in the menu.
2. Click [Open] and [2Way Trace Mode].
The File Open(2Way Trace Mode) dialog box will appear.
‹ Differential Waveform
For the two fibers, their waveforms and the
difference between them are displayed.
This function is useful for measuring the secular
changes of a fiber and similar purposes.
3. Click [Subtract Analysis].
Loading the Waveform File To Be Used as the
Reference
4. Click [File Select] in the [Reference File] area.
5. Select the folder storing the waveform file
you want to display.
6. Select the file type.
(Select the file format of the waveform file
you want to display.)
7. Select the file you want to use as the
reference.
8. Click [Open].
Loading the File To Be Compared with
9. In the same manner, click [File Select] in the
[Comparison file] area.
Load the file to be compared with.
10. Click [OK].
<Sample Display>
Reference file:
D1_001.TRB
Comparison file: D1_003.TRB
Diff (Difference):
Comparison file - Reference file
6
Saving the Difference Data in CSV Format
11. Click [File] in the menu.
12. Click [Save As...].
13. Specify the location to store the file and the file name, and click [Save].
‹ Both-end-composite Waveform
A fiber is measured bidirectionally (in both the original and reverse directions). The
reverse-direction waveform is horizontally flipped and displayed on the screen together
with the original-direction waveform.
The more correct value of splice loss can be obtained by averaging the splice losses in
each event list.
3. Click [2way Analysis].
Loading the Original-direction Waveform
Data
4. Click [File Select] in the [Original Direction
File] area.
The succeeding steps are the same as those
for the differential waveform described on the
previous page. See them.
Loading the Reverse-direction Waveform Data
5. Click [File Select] in the [Reverse Direction File] area.
The succeeding steps are the same as above.
6. Click [OK].
<Sample Display>
Original-direction file:
BO_001.TRB
Reverse-direction file:
BR_002.TRB
Both: Both waveforms displayed
(Original-direction and
reverse-direction)
(The reverse-direction file is
horizontally flipped and displayed.)
‹ Saving the Event List of Both-end-composite Results in CSV Format
7. Click [File] in the menu.
8. Click [Save As...].
9. Specify the location to store the file and the file name, and click [Save].
Note
You cannot edit any event during an analysis with two waveforms.
7
1-5 Auto Search
‹ Setting Up the Analysis Conditions
1. Display the waveform you want to analyze.
(You cannot set up the conditions without any
waveform displayed on the screen.)
2. Click [Analysis] in the menu.
3. Click [Analysis Condition Setup].
4. Set up the threshold values (Splice Loss, Return Loss, and End of Fiber).
See the help facilities.
→ Analysis Menu
→ Analysis Condition Setup
5. Click the tab of [Analysis Condition].
See the help facilities.
→ Analysis Menu
→ Analysis Condition Setup
6. Set up the Group Index.
7. Set the filter to ON or OFF.
8. Select LSA or TPA.
See the help facilities.
→ Terminology List
→ Group Index
→ Filter
→ LSA
→ TPA
8
‹ Executing Auto Search
1. Click [Analysis] in the menu.
2. Click [Auto Search Execute].
3. Click [OK].
<Sample Display>
Results of auto search
‹ Editing an Event
The following describes the operations to insert an event, delete it,
and move it to an appropriate position.
Inserting an Event
1. Move the cursor to the position on the trace waveform to
.
which you want to insert an event, and click
See the help facilities.
→ Analysis Functions
→ Event Edit Mode
Deleting an Event
1. Move the pointer to the number of the event on the trace waveform you want to delete,
and click it.
Otherwise, click the desired event number in the event list.
2. Click the
button.
Moving an Event
1. In the event list, click the number of the event you want to move.
2. Click the circle of the marker 2 on the trace waveform. The color of the marker 2 will
change to red.
See the help facilities.
3. Click and drag the marker to the position to which you want to → Screen Operations
move the event.
→ Marker Operation
4. Click [Marker Confirm].
Note
You cannot edit any event during an analysis with two waveforms.
9
1-6 Printing
1. Click [File] in the menu.
2. Click [Page Layout Setup].
3. Click [Current Trace] in the [Trace
Setup] area.
Mark the checkbox of the item you
want to print out.
4. Click [OK].
If you want to print out a screen with
two or more number of waveforms,
select [Multi Trace].
[Margin Setup] is also available.
5. Click [Print Preview] from [File] in
the menu.
The changes you have set on the
trace screen will be reflected.
(Zooming in/out, marker position,
etc.)
10
Chapter 2 Editing and Saving Data
This chapter describes the functions for organization and management of measurement
data.
2-1 Changing the Group Index and Inserting Comments on a Section Basis
‹ Changing the Group Index on a Section Basis
1. Right-click the group index of the event number you want to change in the event list.
<Sample Display> Changing the group index of the fiber between the event numbers 2 and 3
Right-click here.
2. Click [Change Group Index].
3. Click [OK] after changing the value.
See the help facilities.
→ Screen Description
→ Event List
‹ Inserting Comments on a Section Basis
1. In the event list, right-click the number of the event to which you want to insert a
comment.
2. Click [Insert Comment].
See the help facilities.
→ Screen Description
→ Event List
3. Click [OK] after writing a comment.
11
2-2 Label Batch Conversion
Since Label batch conversion directly converts the labels of the loaded files, considerable
care should be exercised when using this function.
1. Click [File] in the menu.
2. Click [Label] in [Batch Conversion].
‹ Selecting Files and Converting Their Labels Individually
3. Click [Select Files as individually].
4. Click [File Select].
Selecting the Files of Which the Labels You Want To Convert
5. Click files while holding down the [Ctrl] key.
6. Click [Open].
7. Enter a new label name and click [OK].
8. A confirmation message will appear. Click [OK].
12
‹ Converting the Labels of All Files in a Folder by
One Operation
3. Click [Select Files as Folder and File Type].
4. Click [Folder Select].
5. Specify the folder storing the waveform files
of which the labels you want to convert.
6. Select the file type.
(Select the file format of the waveform file.)
7. Enter the new label name and click [OK].
8. A confirmation message will appear. Click [OK].
13
2-3 Saving Files after Converting the File Format by One Operation
This section describes the operation to save files after converting their file format by one
operation.
The file formats after conversion are limited to Telcordia (.SOR), Bellcore (.SOR), and
BMP (.BMP).
1. Click [File] in the menu.
2. Click [File Type] in [Batch Conversion].
‹ Selecting Files and Converting Their Formats
Individually
3. Click [Select Files as individually].
4. Click [File Select].
5. Select the files of which the file format you want to
change.
Click files while holding down the [Ctrl] key.
6. Click [Open].
7. Click [Next].
8. Click [Folder Select].
9. Select the folder in which you want to save the files
after conversion.
10. Select the file format after conversion from the [File
Type] pull-down menu.
11. Click [Next].
14
12. Click [Finish].
13. A confirmation message will appear. Click [OK].
‹ Converting All Files in the Folder by One Operation
3. Click [Select Files as Folder and File Type].
4. Select the file type from the pull-down menu.
(Select the file format of the files you want to convert.)
5. Click [Folder Select].
6. Specify the folder storing the waveform files you want to
convert.
7. Click [Next].
Now the files you want to convert have been loaded.
8. Click [Next].
9. Click [Folder Select].
10. Select the folder in which you want to save the files
after conversion.
11. Select the file format after conversion from the [File
Type] pull-down menu.
12. Click [Next].
13. Click [Finish].
14. A confirmation message will appear. Click [OK].
15
Chapter 3 Making a Report
This chapter describes the operations to make a report of the trace output of waveform
files or a total table of the measured values.
<Sample Trace Output>
<Sample Total Table Output>
Proceed with the operation along the steps of the report wizard.
You can return to the previous step any time when you want to change or add the settings.
Even if you quit halfway through the report wizard, the latest settings are kept retained.
Back
Next
16
3-1 Trace Output
‹ Launching the Report Wizard
1. Click [Report] in the menu.
2. Click [Report Wizard].
‹ Step 1 -- Layout Selection
1. Click [Trace].
A checkmark will be placed.
2. Select the number of waveforms
printed on a page.
3. Select the printing direction.
(Specify this option when 4, 6, or
8 Traces per page has been
selected. The right figure
shows a sample of the horizontal
direction.)
4. Click [Next].
‹ Step 2 -- Layout Options
(Page Layout)
1. Fill the desired item fields as
necessary. (Up to 50 characters)
You can change the title and the
item names.
(Direct entry for the title; selection
from the pull-down menu for the
item names)
2. Click [Next].
‹ Step 3 -- Layout Options
(Trace Output Structure)
1. Select either 1way or 2way from the pull-down
menu.
2. Select either screen or standard image of
AQ7270/60 from the pull-down menu.
3. Fill the desired item fields in the [Trace Header]
area as necessary.
You can change the item names by selecting
from the pull-down menu.
4. Click [Setup].
17
5. Select the calculation method of the total loss.
Select the desired calculation method and click it.
("Loss between Markers 1 and 2" is most commonly used.)
6. Click [OK].
7. Click [Next].
‹ Step 4 -- Trace File Selection
1. Set up the number of cores and the start core No.
2. Select the file format same as that of the waveform files.
3. Click [File Select].
4. Click [Folder Select].
5. Select the folder storing the waveform data you
want to load.
Among the files in the folder, the files of the
format specified in Step 2 above are displayed.
6. Click [Batch Set].
From among the selected waveform files, as
many number of files as set in Step 1 are set.
7. Click [OK].
8. Click [Next].
18
‹ Step 5 -- Master Event Position
This section describes the operation to set the event position (master) to be used as the
reference for making a report.
The master event is set up by either of [File Open] and [Auto Generation].
If a measurement is made bidirectionally, the master events must be set up for both
directions respectively.
The master setup by [Auto Generation] is used as an example in the following explanation.
1. Click [Auto Generation].
The [Event Auto Generation Setup] window will appear.
2. Select [Generation from Auto Search].
Set up Search Condition and/or Analysis Condition as
necessary.
3. Click [OK].
See the help facilities.
→ Trace Output
→ Step 5
→ Auto Generation
4. If a measurement is made bidirectionally, the master events
must be set up for both directions respectively.
Click [Reverse] in the [File] area, and then perform Steps 1
through 3.
5. Click [Total Loss Marker Edit].
(Not available if this setup is not necessary due to the
total loss setup in the [‹Step 3 -- Layout Options
(Trace Output Structure)].)
6. Place the marker 1 at the start point of the fiber, and
the marker 2 at the endpoint.
7. Click [Output Trace Scale
Edit].
8. On the right side of the trace
window, click [All] or click
[Event] according to the
desired vertical/horizontal
scale and waveform display
position. (If not set, the overall
waveform will take the scale
at the moment the file is
saved, and the event
waveform will take an
automatically adjusted scale.)
9. Click [Next].
19
5
7
4
‹ Step 6 -- Output Setup
1. Click [Preview].
A printing screen will appear.
2. Click [Print]. Printing will be performed.
(You can perform enlargement of the screen display or other operations using other
icons.)
3. Click [Excel].
The waveform will be output as an Excel file in the form of a report.
20
3-2 Total Table Output
‹ Launching the Report Wizard
1. Click [Report] in the menu.
2. Click [Report Wizard].
‹ Step 1 -- Layout Selection
1. Click [Total Table].
A checkmark will be placed.
2. Select the combination of the
data type (1way or 2way) and
the item(s) to be displayed.
3. Click [Next].
‹ Step 2 -- Layout Options
(Page Layout)
1. Fill the desired item fields as
necessary. (Up to 50 characters)
You can change the title and the
item names.
(Direct entry for the title; selection
from the pull-down menu for the
item names)
2. Click [Next].
‹ Step 3 -- Total Table Method
1. Click [add a Total Loss].
(Mark the checkbox.)
2. Click the item(s) to be added to the total table as
required. (Mark the checkbox.)
3. Click [Next].
21
‹ Step 4 -- Trace File Selection
1. Set up the number of cores and the start core No.
2. Select the file format same as that of the data files to be
summarized.
3. Click [File Select].
4. Click [Folder Select].
5. Select the folder storing the waveform data
you want to load.
Among the files in the folder, the files of the
format specified in Step 2 above are
displayed.
6. Click [Batch Set].
From among the selected waveform files,
as many number of files as set in Step 1
are set.
7. Click [OK].
8. Click [Next].
22
‹ Step 5 -- Master Event Position
This section describes the operation to set the event position (master) to be used as the
reference for making a report.
The master event is set up by either of [File Open] and [Auto Generation].
If a measurement is made bidirectionally, the master events must be set up for both
directions respectively.
The master setup by [Auto Generation] is used as an example in the following explanation.
1. Click [Auto Generation].
The [Event Auto Generation Setup] window will appear.
2. Select [Generation from Auto Search].
Set up Search Condition and/or Analysis Condition as
necessary.
3. Click [OK].
See the help facilities.
→ Total Table Output
→ Step 5
→ Auto Generation
4. If a measurement is made bidirectionally, the master events
must be set up for both directions respectively.
Click [Reverse] in the [File] area, and then perform Steps 1
through 3.
5
5. Click [Total Loss Marker Edit].
(Not available when the checkbox of [add a Total Loss] has
not been marked in [‹Step 3 -- Total Table Method] because
this setup is not necessary.)
6. Place the marker 1 at the start
point of the fiber, and the marker 2
at the endpoint.
7. Click [Next].
23
4
‹ Step 6 -- Output Setup
1. Click [Preview].
2. Click [Print]. Printing will be performed.
(You can zoom into the screen display using [Zoom In].)
3. Click [CSV].
<Sample CSV Output Display>
4. Click [Excel].
<Sample Excel Output Display>
24
‹ Setting Up the Standard Values
Set up the standard values for Splice Loss, Reflection, and Return Loss.
A value deviating from the standard value is displayed in red. (NG judgment)
The number of totals of NG is displayed.
1. Click [Total Table Edit].
See the help facilities.
→ Total Table Output
→ Step 6
→ Total Table Edit
2. Click [Connection Type Setup].
Set up the connection type name (splice, connector, n, c) of the event and these
standard values.
The NG judgment is performed based on the standard values set up here.
You can store up to three combinations of standard values.
See the help facilities.
→ Total Table Output
→ Step 6
→ Total Table Edit
→ Connection type setup
25
Chapter 4 Troubleshooting
4-1 Troubles Related to Waveform Analysis
(1). It is difficult to place the cursor correctly on an event point on the trace screen.
→ Click the event number in the event list. The cursor correctly falls on the
corresponding event point on the screen.
(2). Tried to click and drag a displayed event mark, but it would not move.
→ Click the event mark, and click and drag the circle of the marker 2.
The marker 2 will turn red. After moving, click the confirm button
.
(3). Tried to click and drag a marker, but it would not move to the destination.
→ The movable range of the markers is limited.
Markers can move in the range of 1 < Y1 < Y3 < 2 < Y2 < 3.
(4). When two or more number of waveforms are displayed, it is difficult to distinguish each
waveform because they are overlapping one another.
→ Change the waveform offset display value at the upper left of the trace screen by
clicking the S and T buttons. With the current waveform as the center, other
waveforms will vertically scroll.
4-2 Troubles Related to Making a Report
(1). Cannot capture the bidirectional data during output of waveform or total table.
→ Separate the folder to store the original-direction file and the reverse-direction file.
(2). The master file cannot be loaded.
→ The master file must have the file format and the measurement conditions
(wavelength) identical to those of the waveform file to be output. Check them.
(3). Wish to hide the cursors or markers when outputting waveforms.
→ Cursors and markers cannot be deleted during output of reports. Delete cursors
and markers in normal analysis, resave (overwrite) the data, and create the report
again.
(4). Wish to change (set) the cursor position when outputting waveforms.
→ Perform one of the following procedures.
1. Move (or set the position of) the cursor in normal analysis, resave (overwrite) the
data, and create the report again.
2. Set the waveform header to [Total Loss] and the total loss calculation method to
[Slope * Cursor Distance], then change the cursor position under [Total Loss
Marker Edit] in the master setup screen.
(Note that this method cannot be used if total loss is not used.)
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Chapter 5 Related Software
5-1 OTDR Project File Editor
OTDR Project File Editor is software that supports the Yokogawa OTDR (AQ7270 series
version 2.03 or later), and enables you to easily create files in Windows for the multicore
fiber measurement function.
To start the software, double-click the icon created upon installation, or from the Windows
[Start] menu click All programs > AQ7932 Emulation Software > OTDR Project File Editor.
For detailed operating instructions, refer to the Help file that comes with the software.
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