American Dryer Corp. | ADG-385 | Service manual | American Dryer Corp. ADG-385 Service manual

ADG-385/WDA-385
Service Manual
1996 thru 1998
American Dryer Corporation
88 Currant Road
Fall River, MA 02720-4781
Telephone: (508) 678-9000 / Fax: (508) 678-9447
E-mail: techsupport@amdry.com
121396MFM/tf
ADC Part No. 450179
Retain This Manual In A Safe Place For Future Reference
American Dryer Corporation products embody advanced concepts in engineering, design, and safety. If this
product is properly maintained, it will provide many years of safe, efficient, and trouble-free operation.
ONLY properly licensed technicians should service this equipment.
OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the equipment or specified in the installation/operator's
manual included with the dryer.
WARNING: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should the door switch or the heat circuit devices
ever be disabled.
WARNING: The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops, or
service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
We have tried to make this manual as complete as possible and hope you will find it useful. ADC reserves the
right to make changes from time to time, without notice or obligation, in prices, specifications, colors, and material,
and to change or discontinue models.
Important
For your convenience, log the following information:
DATE OF PURCHASE
MODEL NO.
DISTRIBUTORS NAME
Serial Number(s)
Replacement parts can be obtained from your distributor or the ADC factory. When ordering replacement parts
from the factory, you can FAX your order to ADC at (508) 678-9447 or telephone your orders directly to the
ADC Parts Department at (508) 678-9000. Please specify the dryer model number and serial number in
addition to the description and part number, so that your order is processed accurately and promptly.
The illustrations on the following pages may not depict your particular dryer exactly. The illustrations are a
composite of the various dryer models. Be sure to check the descriptions of the parts thoroughly before ordering.
“IMPORTANT NOTE TO PURCHASER”
Information must be obtained from your local gas supplier on the instructions
to be followed if the user smells gas. These instructions must be posted in a
prominent location near the dryer.
IMPORTANT
YOU MUST DISCONNECT and LOCKOUT THE ELECTRIC
SUPPLY and THE GAS SUPPLY or THE STEAM SUPPLY BEFORE ANY
COVERS or GUARDS ARE REMOVED FROM THE MACHINE TO
ALLOW ACCESS FOR CLEANING, ADJUSTING, INSTALLATION, or
TESTING OF ANY EQUIPMENT per OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health
Administration) STANDARDS.
CAUTION
LABEL ALL WIRES PRIOR TO DISCONNECTION WHEN SERVICING
CONTROLS. WIRING ERRORS CAN CAUSE IMPROPER AND DANGEROUS OPERATION.
VERIFY PROPER OPERATION AFTER SERVICING.
CAUTION
DRYER(S) SHOULD NEVER BE LEFT UNATTENDED WHILE IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
CHILDREN SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO PLAY ON OR NEAR
THE DRYER(S).
CHILDREN SHOULD BE SUPERVISED IF NEAR DRYER(S) IN
OPERATION.
WARNING
The dryer must never be operated with any of the back guards, outer tops,
or service panels removed. PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD
RESULT.
FOR YOUR SAFETY
DO NOT STORE OR USE GASOLINE OR OTHER FLAMMABLE
VAPOR AND LIQUIDS IN THE VICINITY OF THIS OR ANY OTHER
APPLIANCE.
DO NOT DRY MOP HEADS IN THE DRYER.
DO NOT USE DRYER IN THE PRESENCE OF DRY CLEANING FUMES.
IMPORTANT
PLEASE OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS displayed on the
equipment and/or specified in the installation/operator's manual included with
the dryer.
Dryer(s) must not be installed or stored in an area where it will be exposed to
water and/or weather.
The wiring diagram for the dryer is located in the front electrical control box
area.
Table of Contents
SECTION I
Important Information
A. Safety Precautions .......................................................................................................................................... 3
SECTION II
Maintenance
A. Cleaning .......................................................................................................................................................... 4
B. Adjustments .................................................................................................................................................... 5
C. Lubrication ..................................................................................................................................................... 5
SECTION III
Installation Requirements
A. Enclosure, Air Supply, and Exhaust Requirements ....................................................................................... 6
B. Electrical and Gas Requirements ................................................................................................................... 7
C. Operational Service Check Procedure ............................................................................................................ 7
SECTION IV
Description of Parts
A. Control Panel .................................................................................................................................................. 9
B. Control Box .................................................................................................................................................... 9
C. Coin Box and Vault ........................................................................................................................................ 9
D. Main Door Switch ........................................................................................................................................ 10
E. Lint Coop ...................................................................................................................................................... 10
F. Tumbler ........................................................................................................................................................ 10
G. Tumbler Bearing and Pulley Arrangement .................................................................................................. 11
H. Idler Bearing ................................................................................................................................................. 11
I. Motor Assembly ........................................................................................................................................... 11
J. Temperature Sensors .................................................................................................................................... 12
K. Sail Switch .................................................................................................................................................... 12
L. Motor Contactor (1Ø Motor) ........................................................................................................................ 13
M. Non-Reversing Contactor (3Ø Motor) ........................................................................................................ 13
N. Hi-Limit Thermostat ..................................................................................................................................... 13
SECTION V
Servicing
A. Burner Controls (Gas) .................................................................................................................................. 18
B. Thermostats and Temperature Sensor........................................................................................................... 22
C. Sail Switch Assembly (Gas and Electric Models).........................................................................................24
D. Front Panel and Main Door Assemblies ....................................................................................................... 25
E. Tumbler and Bearing Assembly (Remove backguard to access assembly) ................................................. 28
F. Idler and Bearing Assembly ......................................................................................................................... 31
G. Drive Pulley .................................................................................................................................................. 32
H. Tumbler (basket) .......................................................................................................................................... 33
I. V-Belts (refer to illustration in Sections I, J and K) ..................................................................................... 36
J. Motor ............................................................................................................................................................ 37
K. Impellor ........................................................................................................................................................ 37
L. Lintscreen ..................................................................................................................................................... 37
SECTION VI
Trouble Shooting
A. Phase 5 Coin System Diagnostics ................................................................................................................ 38
B. No Heat Condition ........................................................................................................................................ 41
C. No Start Condition ........................................................................................................................................ 43
D. No Display Condition ................................................................................................................................... 44
E. "dSFL" Display Condition............................................................................................................................ 46
F. "dOOr" Display Condition ........................................................................................................................... 47
SECTION VII
Technical Information
A. Data Label..................................................................................................................................................... 48
B. Using A Manometer ..................................................................................................................................... 49
C. L.E.D. Display Codes ................................................................................................................................... 50
D. Computer Logic and Wiring Diagram.......................................................................................................... 51
SECTION I
Important Information
A. Safety Precautions
1. DO NOT store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or any other
appliance.
2. Purchaser/user should consult the local gas supplier for proper instructions to be followed in the event
the user smells gas. The instructions should be posted in a prominent location.
3. Dryer must be exhausted to the outdoors.
4. Although ADC's dryer is a very versatile machine, there are some articles, that due to fabric
composition or cleaning method, should not be dried in it.
WARNING: Dry only water-washed fabrics. DO NOT dry articles spotted or washed in dry
cleaning solvents, a combustible detergent, or "All-Purpose" cleaners. FIRE or
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry rags or articles coated with gasoline, kerosene, paint, or wax. FIRE or
EXPLOSION COULD RESULT.
WARNING: DO NOT dry mopheads. Contamination by wax or flammable solvents will create
a fire hazard.
WARNING: DO NOT use heat for drying articles that contain plastic, foam, sponge rubber, or
similarly textured rubberlike materials. Drying in a heated tumbler may damage
plastic or rubber and also may be a fire hazard.
5. A program should be established for the inspection and cleaning of lint in the burner area and exhaust
duct work. The frequency of cleaning can best be determined from experience at each location.
WARNING: The collection of lint in the burner area and exhaust duct work can create
a POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
6. For personal safety, the dryer must be electrically grounded in accordance with local codes and/or the
National Electric Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70-LATEST EDITION.
7. Under no circumstances should the dryer door or lint drawer switch(es) or heat safety devices ever be
disabled.
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
8. Read and follow ALL caution and direction labels attached to dryer.
WARNING: CHILDREN SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO PLAY ON OR IN THE
DRYER(S). CHILDREN SHOULD BE SUPERVISED IF NEAR DRYER(S)
IN OPERATION.
3
SECTION II
Routine Maintenance
A. Cleaning
A program and/or schedule should be established for periodic inspection, cleaning, and removal of lint
from various areas of the dryer, as well as throughout the duct work system. The frequency of cleaning
can best be determined from experience at each location. Maximum operating efficiency is dependent
upon proper air circulation. The accumulation of lint can restrict this airflow. If the guidelines in this
section are met, an ADC dryer will provide many years of efficient, trouble free, and – most importantly
– safe operation.
WARNING: LINT FROM MOST FABRICS IS HIGHLY COMBUSTIBLE. THE
ACCUMULATION OF LINT CAN CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
SUGGESTED INTERVAL
FUNCTION
DAILY
Clean Lint screen. Inspect lint screen and replace if torn.
90 DAYS
Remove lint accumulation from lint chamber thermostats and
sensors.
WARNING: To avoid the hazard of electrical shock, discontinue electrical supply to dryer.
90 DAYS
Remove lint from the motor air vents and surrounding area.
IMPORTANT: Lint accumulation will restrict internal motor air flow, causing overheating and
irreparable damage. Motor failure due to lint accumulation WILL VOID THE
MANUFACTURER'S WARRANTY.
120 DAYS
Remove lint from gas burner area with a dusting brush or vacuum cleaner
attachment.
6 MONTHS
Inspect and remove lint accumulation in customer-furnished
exhaust duct work system. Inspect exhaust back draft dampers to
insure they are not binding. Inspect and remove ALL lint
accumulation from in and around control box area, including coin
acceptors. Clean lint accumulation from around tumbler wrapper
area.
WARNING: THE ACCUMULATION OF LINT IN THE EXHAUST DUCT WORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
4
AS REQUIRED
In cleaning and care of the cabinet, avoid using harsh abrasives. A
product intended for the cleaning of appliances is recommended.
B. Adjustments
SUGGESTED INTERVAL
FUNCTION
6 MONTHS
Motor and drive belts should be examined. Cracked or seriously
frayed belts should be replaced. Tighten loose belts when necessary,
and check belt alignment.
6 MONTHS
Complete operational check of controls and valves.
6 MONTHS
Complete operational check of ALL safety devices (door switches,
sail switch, burner and lint chamber thermostats.)
12 MONTHS
Inspect bolts, nuts, screws, non-permanent gas connections,
(unions, orifices, etc.) electrical terminals, and grounding
connections.
C. Lubrication
The motor bearings, idler bearings and tumbler bearings are permanently lubricated, and no lubrication is
necessary.
5
SECTION III
Installation Requirements
Installation should be performed by competent technicians in accordance with local and state codes. In
the absence of these codes, installation must conform to applicable AMERICAN & NATIONAL
STANDARDS:
National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION
and/or
National Electric Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70-LATEST EDITION
A. Enclosure, Air Supply, and Exhaust Requirements
NOTE: The following information is very brief and general. For detailed description, refer
to the Installation Manual for coin machines.
Bulkheads and partitions around the dryer should be made of noncombustible materials. Allowances
should be made for the opening and closing of the control door and lint door. Also, allowances should be
made in the rear for ease of maintenance. (Refer to appropriate Installation Manual for recommended
distances and minimum allowances required.)
When the dryer is operating, it draws in room air, heats it, passes this air through the basket (tumbler), and
exhausts it out of the building. Therefore, the room air must be continually replenished from the outdoors. If the make-up air is inadequate, drying time and drying efficiency will be adversely affected.
Ignition problems and sail switch "fluttering" problems on gas dryers may result, and you also could have
premature motor failure from overheating. The air supply must be given careful consideration to insure
proper performance of each dryer.
IMPORTANT: Make-up air must be provided from a source free of dry cleaning fumes.
Make-up air that is contaminated by dry cleaning fumes will result in
irreparable damage to motors and other dryer components.
Exhaust duct work should be designed and installed by a competent technician. Improperly sized duct
work will create excessive back pressure which will result in slow drying, increased use of energy, and
shutdown of the burner by the airflow (sail) switch, burner hi-limit or lint chamber hi-heat protector
thermostat. (Refer to appropriate Installation Manual for more detail.)
CAUTION: IMPROPERLY SIZED or INSTALLED EXHAUST DUCT WORK CAN
CREATE A POTENTIAL FIRE HAZARD.
6
B. Electrical and Gas Requirements
It is your responsibility to have ALL electrical connections made by a properly licensed and competent
electrician to assure that the electrical installation is adequate and conforms with local and state regulations or codes. In the absence of such codes, ALL electrical connections, material, and workmanship
must conform to the applicable requirements of the National Electric Code ANSI/NFPA No. 70-LATEST
EDITION.
IMPORTANT: Failure to comply with these codes or ordinances and/or the requirements
stipulated in this manual can result in PERSONAL INJURY OR COMPONENT
FAILURE.
The dryer installation must meet the AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD, National Fuel Gas Code
ANSI Z223.1-LATEST EDITION, as well as, local codes and ordinances, and must be done by a qualified
technician.
NOTE: Undersized gas piping will result in ignition problems and slow drying and can create
a safety hazard.
The dryer must be connected to the type of gas (natural or L.P.) indicated on the dryer data label. If this
information does not agree with the type of gas available, contact the distributor who sold the dryer or
contact the factory.
The gas input ratings shown on the dryer data label are for elevations up to 2,000 feet, unless elevation
requirements of over 2,000 feet were specified at the time the dryer order was placed with the factory. The
adjustment for dryers in the field for elevations over 2,000 feet are made by changing the burner orifices.
If this adjustment is necessary, contact the distributor who sold the dryer or contact the factory.
NOTE: Any burner changes must be made by a qualified technician.
C. Operational Service Check Procedure
After performing any service or maintenance function, an operational check should be performed to
insure that ALL components are performing properly.
1. Make a complete operational check of ALL the operating controls to insure that the timing is correct,
temperature selection switches are functioning properly.
2. Make a complete operational check of ALL safety related circuits, door switch(es), hi-limit thermostat,
sail switch, cycling thermostats, etc.
3. On gas models, gas pressure test should be taken at the gas valve pressure tap of each dryer to assure
that the water column pressure is correct and consistent.
NOTE: Water column pressure requirements: (measured at the pressure tap on the gas valve body.)
Natural Gas - 3.5 to 4 inches W.C.L.P. Gas - 10.5 to 11 inches W.C.
7
4. The dryer should be operated through one complete cycle to assure that no future adjustments are
necessary and that ALL components are functioning properly.
5. For 3Ø motor models check the electric service phase sequence while the dryer is operating. Check to
see if the blower wheel is rotating in the proper direction. Looking from the front, the blower wheel
should spin in the clockwise direction. If so, the phasing is correct. If the phasing is incorrect, reverse
two (2) leads at connections L1, L2, L3 of power supply to the dryer.
8
SECTION IV
Description of Parts
A. Control Panel
Lifting the control door will reveal the control panel
assembly. Opening the control panel will allow
access to the major components which include the
coin acceptors, computer board, and keypad. The
coin acceptor sends the signal to the computer that a
coin has been inserted. The keypad inputs to the
computer what temperature has been selected. The
computer controls the entire operation of the machine.
It accepts inputs and gives outputs to various parts
throughout the machine. Some models are shipped
as dual coin machines, however, the basic operation
remains the same.
B. Control Box
The computer control box is made up of fuse(s),
24VAC transformer, and a 30 position terminal block.
The fuse(s) protect the incoming voltage from
shorting. The transformer is used to break down the
incoming voltage to 24VAC for the control voltage
of the machine. The 30 position terminal block is
used to combine the various common wires
throughout the machine for simplicity and ease of
service.
C. Coin Box and Vault
The coin box and vault are located in the control box.
When a coin passes the coin sensor, it drops into the
coin vault. Lifting the control doors reveals the coin
box. To remove the coin box turn the key and pull
out.
9
D. Main Door Switch
The main door switch is located behind the main door
on the right hand side. When the main door is opened,
the switch will also open preventing the dryer from
operating. The main door switch is a safety device and
should never be disabled.
E. Lint Coop
The lint coop is the bottom portion of the dryer behind
the lint door. Inside the lint coop is the lint screen which
prevents lint from entering the exhaust system. The
lint screen should be kept clean at all times. On the WDA385/ADG-385 models there are two (2) lint screens. The
lint screens should be cleaned on a daily basis. Lint screens
with tears or holes should be replaced immediately.
F. Tumbler
The tumbler consists of three or four ribs and a
perforated basket along with a front and back which
are riveted or screwed together as an assembly. The
tumbler also consists of tie rods which support the
tumbler from front to back. The tumbler support is
used to mate the tumbler to the drive system in the rear.
Some models also have a felt band which helps to keep
lint from accumulating behind the basket.
10
G. Tumbler Bearing and Pulley Arrangement
The tumbler bearing and the pulley arrangement is located
(viewing from the rear of the dryer) approximately at the upper
center of the dryer. The arrangement consists of a pulley,
bearing box, and bearing which serve to adjust, drive, and
support the tumbler. The bearing box has various nuts and bolts
that are made to adjust the basket vertically and horizontally.
H. Idler Bearing
(Viewing from the rear of the dryer)
The idler assembly is located approximately on the lower
left hand side of the dryer. The idler assembly consists
of one (1) compound pulley. The idler's main purpose
is to reduce the speed and increase the torque provided
to the tumbler bearing. Also, the idler assembly belt
tension can be adjusted.
I. Motor Assembly
The drive motor is located on the back, approximately
lower center of the dryer. It sits on an adjustable base
so that the motor can be easily adjusted to the left or
right, up or down. The blower end of the motor is
connected to the impellor, a backward curved paddle
wheel. The impellor provides air flow in the dryer. It
creates a vacuum which pulls the hot air from the burner
into the basket through the lint screen and out the
exhaust. The single phase machine will have plug type
motor as shown to the right.
11
J. Temperature Sensors
The temperature sensor used in a transducer that
converts heat into microamps that the computer board
then uses to calculate the temperature.
K. Sail Switch
The sail switch consists of a round damper plate on a
lever arm which acts like an actuator for a
micro-switch. When the air blower comes on, it draws
air through the burner. This creates a negative
pressure inside the burner box, and this negative
pressure pulls in the round damper which activates
the sail switch. If there is improper airflow, the damper
will not pull in, preventing the burner from coming
on. Improper air flow can be caused by improperly
designed exhaust ducting, where the duct run is too
long or has too many sharp bends on it. It can also
be caused by a lack of make up air. Sail switch is
located in the back of the burner.
12
L. Motor Contactor (1Ø Motor)
This motor contactor used on single phase dryers, is
located in the rear of the machine, in the Electrical
Panel Box. It's purpose is to transfer the higher
voltage to the motor when the contactor coil voltage
has been achieved. The contactor will have a filter capacitor across the coil connections. This helps smooth
out the 24 volt signal from the computer board.
M. Non-Reversing Contactor (3Ø Motor)
The non-reversing contactor is used on 3 phase
non-reversing dryers and is located on the upper left hand
side of the dryer (view from rear). It is through the contactor
that the voltage inputs are fed. Its purpose is to transfer the
higher voltage to the motor when the contactor coil voltage
have been achieved. The contactor will have a filter
capacitor across the coil connections. This helps smooth
out the 24 volt signal from the computer board.
N. Hi-Limit Thermostat
The hi-limit thermostat is another safety
device that we use on gas and electric
models. The hi-limit is located in the
burner or oven area. The hi-limit switch
cuts off the heat if the temperature exceeds
330° for gas models. Under normal conditions
the only way this device would shut off the
heat is when the air flow changes to the extent
of making the flame brush up against it.
13
SECTION V
Servicing
ALL electrical/mechanical service or repairs should be made with the electrical power to the dryer
disconnected (power off).
WARNING: PERSONAL INJURY COULD RESULT
The information provided in this section should not be misconstrued as a device for use by an untrained
person making repairs. Service work should be performed by competent technicians in accordance with
local, state, and federal codes.
When contacting the factory for assistance, always have the dryer model and serial numbers available.
CAUTION: Observe ALL safety precautions displayed on the dryer or specified in this manual
before and while making repairs.
Before considering replacement, make sure that ALL connectors are in place and making proper contact.
Check input voltages and temperature sensor. After replacing any parts or performing adjustments or
service run through a complete cycle.
To Replace Control Panel Assembly
1. Disconnect power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect main power harness from rear of
computer by squeezing locking tab and pulling
connector straight back.
3. Disconnect the green ground wire from the
computer.
4. Disconnect coin acceptor optic switch connector
from 15 pin harness.
5. To remove control panel assembly from the
control box, gently tap the bottom of the control
panel upward and lift off the hinges.
6. Install new control panel assembly by reversing
this procedure.
7. Be sure to check or reset programs.
NOTE: Use caution when handling MP Controller. Easily damaged by static electricity.
14
To Replace Computer
1. Disconnect power to the dryer.
2. Disconnect main power harness from rear of
computer by squeezing locking tab and pulling
connector straight back.
3. Disconnect the green ground wire from the
computer.
4. Disconnect the keypad ribbon from the computer.
5. Remove the two (2) screws securing the computer
to the control panel and remove computer from
panel, by pulling upwards on the corners.
6. Install new computer by reversing this procedure.
7. Be sure to check or reset programs.
NOTE: Use caution when handling MP Controller. Easily damaged by static electricity.
To Replace Keypad (refer to illustration above)
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Swing control panel open and unplug keypad
ribbon from computer board.
3. Peel the keypad from the front of the control panel
taking care to avoid scratching the panel.
4. Clean any adhesive residue from the panel.
5. Peel off paper backing from new keypad.
6. Align the display window on the keypad with the
cutout in the control panel and press in place.
7. Connect keypad ribbon to the board and reconnect
power to the dryer.
8. Test for operation by pressing each temperature
selection.
15
To Replace Coin Acceptor
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Swing control panel open.
3. Unplug optic switch harness connector.
4. Remove one (1) screw holding coin acceptor in place.
5. Pull coin acceptor out gently.
6. Reverse procedure for installing new acceptor.
To Remove Optic Switch
1. Unplug optic switch connector.
2. Remove screw and washer holding optic switch to the
coin acceptor and pull optic switch away.
3. Reverse procedure for installing new optic switch.
16
To Replace Microprocessor Temperature Sensor Probe
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove M.P. sensor bracket assembly from the dryer.
A. Disconnect sensor bracket harness connector
B. Loosen the two (2) phillips head screw securing the
bracket assembly to the dryer and remove the
bracket from the dryer.
NOTE: DO NOT remove screws.
3. Disassemble sensor probe from bracket assembly by removing the top push-on fastener securing the
probe from bracket. Use a small screwdriver to slowly pry the fastener off.
4. Disconnect the two (2) orange wires from the high heat (225 degree) thermostat, and remove modular
bracket connector, wires, and probe from bracket assembly.
5. Install new sensor probe assembly (ADC P/N 880251) by reversing procedure.
6. Reestablish power to the dryer.
NOTE: If, when power is reestablished, the computer display reads "dSFL", check for a loose
connection in the wiring.
To Replace Motor Contactor 2-Pole, 24VAC
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove both screws securing motor
contactor to the electric panel.
3. Remove ALL wires from contactor
(NOTE: make sure each wire is marked
with location removed from).
4. Install new contactor in reverse procedure.
5. Re-establish power to dryer.
17
A. Burner Controls (Gas)
18
To Replace Spark Ignitor
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Disconnect HV connector and flame
probe connection from ignitor.
3. Disassemble ignitor from burner by removing
the two (2) self-tapping screws.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new ignitor probe.
NOTE: Before re-establishing power to dryer, visually check the following: (see illustration)
1. The flame probe, ignitor probe, and ground rod are ALL on the same line of axis.
2. There should be a 1/8" gap (+/-, 1/32) between the ignitor probe and ground rod.
3. Do not wrap the red HV wire and flame probe wire together. (Improper operation may result.) They
may run along side each other.
To Replace Gas Valve
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Close shut off valve in gas supply line.
3. Disconnect gas valve wiring.
4. Break union connection before gas valve.
5. Loosen and remove two (2) screws securing
pipe bracket to the burner.
6. Remove gas valve / manifold assembly from the dryer.
7. Remove manifold from output of the gas valve.
8. Remove union tail piece from valve. Use a 1/2" allen wrench (ADC P/N: 410001)
9. Reverse procedure for installing new gas valve.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution
(Never Test For Leaks With A Flame)
19
To Replace Main Burner Orifices (See Chart On Following Page)
1. Refer to "TO REPLACE GAS VALVE" and follow steps one (1) through six (6).
2. Unscrew main burner orifices and replace.
NOTE: Use extreme care when removing and replacing orifices. These orifices are made of
brass and are easily damaged.
3. Reverse the removal procedure for re-installing.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution.
"Never Test For Leaks With A Flame".
To Test and Adjust Gas (Water Column) Pressure
There are two (2) types of devices commonly used to measure water column pressure. They are spring/
mechanical-type gauges and manometers. The spring/mechanical-type gauge is not recommended, because
it is easily damaged and not always accurate. A manometer is simply a glass or transparent plastic tube
with a scale in inches. When filled with water and pressure applied, the water in the tube rises showing the
exact water column pressure.
NOTE: Manometers are available from the factory by ordering ADC P/N: 122804
1. To Test Gas Water Column (W.C.) Pressure:
a. Connect water column test gauge connection
to gas valve pressure tap (1/8" NPT). This
pressure tap is located on the outlet (manifold)
side of the valve.
b. Start dryer. With burner on, the correct water
column reading in inches would be:
Natural Gas – 3.5 to 4 Inches Water Column
L.P. Gas – 10.5 to 11 Inches Water Column
2. To adjust water column pressure: For Natural gas
models remove vent cap. Turn the slotted adjustment
screw located on top of the valve next to the terminals.
Turn clockwise to increase manifold pressure and counter
clockwise to decrease. For L.P. gas models there is no
regulator on valve.
NOTE: If correct W.C. pressure cannot be achieved, problem may be due to an undersized gas
supply line, a faulty or underrated gas meter, etc.
20
To Replace Burner Tubes
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Close shut off valve in gas supply line.
3. Disconnect gas valve wiring.
4. Break union connection before gas valve.
5. Loosen and remove two (2) screws securing pipe bracket to the burner.
6. Remove gas valve / manifold assembly from the dryer.
7. Remove the screws securing the front flanges of the burner tubes to the burner rest.
8. Remove burner tubes by sliding them out.
9. Replace by reversing procedure.
WARNING: Test ALL connections for leaks by brushing on a soapy water solution.
NEVER TEST FOR LEAKS WITH A FLAME.
21
To Replace DSI Module
1. Discontinue power to the dryer.
2. Remove the wires connected to the terminal strip at the bottom of the module.
3. Remove the soft orange high voltage wire from the module.
4. Remove the two (2) screws securing the module to the plate.
5. Replace module by reversing process.
B. Thermostats and Temperature Sensor
To Replace Hi-Limit Thermostat (330º)
This thermostat is an important safety device serving as an added protection against failure of the air
sail switch to open in the event of motor failure or reduced air flow condition.
IMPORTANT: Under no circumstances should heat circuit safety devices ever be disabled.
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Disconnect wires from hi-limit thermostat.
3. Remove screw, washer, and nut securing
thermostat to the bracket, remove thermostat.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new thermostat.
22
To Remove The Temperature Sensor or High Heat Protector
A. High Heat Protector
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Open and remove lint door.
3. Locate temperature sensor bracket assembly under the basket. Loosen the two phillips head screws.
Disconnect the connector.
4. Slide bracket toward rear of the machine and remove the bracket assembly from the dryer.
5. At this point you have access to remove either the high heat protector or the temperature sensor.
6. To remove the high heat protection remove the two (2) screws, washers, and nuts holding the high heat
protector in place.
7. Remove the high heat protector.
8. Reverse procedure for installation of new high heat protector.
B. Temperature Sensor
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Open and remove lint door.
3. Disconnect sensor bracket harness connector.
4. Loosen the two (2) phillips head screws securing bracket assembly to dryer and remove by sliding
bracket towards the rear of the dryer.
5. Disassemble sensor probe from bracket assembly by removing the top push-on fastener securing the
probe to the basket.
6. Disconnect the two (2) orange wires from the high heat temperature thermostat remove the four (4)
position connector, wires, and probe from the bracket assembly.
7. Install new probe assembly (ADC P/N: 880251) by reversing procedure.
23
C. Sail Switch Assembly
The sail switch is a heat circuit safety device which controls the heat circuit ONLY. When the dryer is
operating and there is proper air flow the sail switch damper pulls in and closes the sail switch.
Providing all the other heat-related circuits are functioning properly. If an improper air flow occurs, the
sail switch damper will release, and the circuit will open.
IMPORTANT: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES SHOULD HEAT CIRCUIT SAFETY
DEVICES EVER BE DISABLED.
To Replace Sail Switch
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove the two (2) screws which hold the sail switch box.
3. Disconnect the two (2) wires from the switch.
4. Disassemble sail switch from mounting bracket by removing the two (2) screws securing the switch in
place.
5. Reverse this procedure for installing new sail switch. Adjust sail switch as described in the next section.
24
To Adjust Sail Switch
1. Operate the installed dryer normally to verify that the heat system is fully operational.
2. Open the main dryer door.
3. Manually depress the door switch actuator.
4. While continuing to depress the door switch actuator, and with the door open, start the dryer.
5. If the heat system is not activated in 15 seconds, the sail switch is properly adjusted.
6. If the heat system is activated, the sail switch is improperly adjusted and must be readjusted by bending
the actuator arm of the sail switch toward the front of the dryer. If the actuator arm is bent too far
toward the front of the dryer, the dryer may not have heat when needed. After any adjustments of the
sail switch, the above procedure must be repeated to verify proper operation.
CAUTION: DO NOT disable this switch by taping or screwing sail switch damper to burner.
PERSONAL INJURY or FIRE COULD RESULT.
D. Front Panel and Main Door Assemblies
To Replace Main Door Switch (Steel Door)
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Open main door.
3. Remove the two (2) Phillips head screws holding
the main door switch in place.
4. Disconnect the two (2) connectors from the door switch
5. Disassemble door switch bracket by removing the two
(2) nuts holding the door switch to the housing, and
remove the door switch.
6. Reverse this procedure for installing new door switch.
TO REPLACE MAIN DOOR ASSEMBLY (STEEL DOOR)
1. Discontinue power to the dryer,
2. Remove the two (2) top 3/16" Allen screws securing the top hinge pin to the front panel.
3. Remove the door from the dryer by lifting the door off the bottom hinge pin.
4. Remove the bottom hinge pin assembly from the front panel two (2) 3/16" Allen screws securing
the hinge pin to the front panel.
25
NOTE: Be careful not to lose the plastic washer on the hinge pin.
5. Re-assemble in the reverse steps.
TO INSTALL NEW MAIN DOOR GLASS
1. Remove main door assembly from dryer (follow main door removal procedure).
2. Lay main door on a flat surface with front of door face down.
3. Remove glass and clean all old sealant off main door. This area must be completely cleaned for
correct bonding.
4. Apply a narrow bead of silicone (ADC P/N: 170730) all around main door area where glass will
rest.
5. Install glass on to door/adhesive and slightly press glass in place.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT press hard or silicone thickness between the glass and door will be
reduced resulting in poor bonding.
6. The door assembly should now be put in an area where it will not be disturbed for at least 24
hours. Depending on the conditions, the curing time of the adhesive is 24 to 36 hours.
7. After 24 hour curing period, install main door on dryer by reversing step 1.
26
To Replace Front Panel
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Disconnect main door switch wiring from inside control wire box.
NOTE: Identify location of each wire for correct reinstallation.
3. Follow procedure for removal of main door assembly.
4. Open control (service) door.
5. Open lint door.
6. Remove the screws securing the front panel to the dryer.
7. Gently remove front panel assembly from dryer.
IMPORTANT: When removing front panel assembly be careful not to damage main door switch
wires disconnected in step 2.
8. Reverse this procedure for installing new front panel.
27
E. Tumbler and Bearing Assembly (Remove backguard to access assembly)
To Replace Tumbler Pulley
1. Remove backguard.
2. Loosen v-belts, then rotate pulley and roll v-belts out of grooves.
3. Loosen two (2) set screws on the pulley and pull the pulley off the shaft.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new tumbler pulley.
NOTE: Check belt alignment before operating dryer.
28
To Replace Rear Tumbler Bearing
1. Remove tumbler pulley (follow tumbler pulley removal procedure).
2. Remove the four (4) bolts securing the bearing box to the back of the dryer.
3. Loosen screws securing bearing to shaft.
IMPORTANT: LOCTITE® NOW BEING USED.
Effective January 24, 1996, LOCTITE® is being used on the ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer. LOCTITE® is being
applied to ALL beaaring set screws, used on ALL basket (tumbler) shafts, ALL idler shafts, ALL impellor (fan/
blower) shafts, and ALL drive shaft bearings.
A yellow label (ADC Part No. 112801) is affixed to the dryer to inform customers of the use of LOCTITE®.
This label is shown immediately below;
IMPORTANT
LOCTITE® ADHESIVE HAS BEEN USED
TO SECURE SET SCREWS AND BEARINGS
IN PLACE. ONCE SET SCREWS HAVE BEEN
REMOVED, A GEAR PULLER MAY BE NECESSARY TO REMOVE BEARING TO AVOID DAMAGE.
P/N: 112801
One (1) of these labels is attached to each Tumbler (basket) Bearing Assembly (pillow block bearing box) on the
ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer.
Should readjustment or removal of set screws become necessary in the field and the process becomes difficult,
apply heat to the set screw with a soldering gun (450º F) for a few minutes.
4. Pull bearing box and bearing off of shaft.
NOTE: If any rust has developed, use an emery cloth to polish the shaft.
5. Remove bolts securing bearing to bearing box and remove tumbler bearing.
IMPORTANT: LOCTITE® adhesive has been used to secure set screws and bearings in place.
Once set screws have been removed, a gear puller may be necessary to remove
bearing to avoid damage.
6. Reverse procedure for installing new tumbler bearing.
NOTE: Check alignment of pulleys before operating dryer.
29
NOTE: Check tension of belts and alignment of tumbler before operating dryer.
To Replace The Front Tumbler Bearing
1. Remove tumbler pulley and bearing box (follow "To Replace The Rear Tumbler Bearing" steps 1 through 4).
2. Loosen set screws on front tumbler bearing.
IMPORTANT: LOCTITE® NOW BEING USED.
Effective January 24, 1996, LOCTITE® is being used on the ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer. LOCTITE® is being
applied to ALL beaaring set screws, used on ALL basket (tumbler) shafts, ALL idler shafts, ALL impellor (fan/
blower) shafts, and ALL drive shaft bearings.
A yellow label (ADC Part No. 112801) is affixed to the dryer to inform customers of the use of LOCTITE®.
This label is shown immediately below;
IMPORTANT
LOCTITE® ADHESIVE HAS BEEN USED
TO SECURE SET SCREWS AND BEARINGS
IN PLACE. ONCE SET SCREWS HAVE BEEN
REMOVED, A GEAR PULLER MAY BE NECESSARY TO REMOVE BEARING TO AVOID DAMAGE.
P/N: 112801
One (1) of these labels is attached to each Tumbler (basket) Bearing Assembly (pillow block bearing box) on the
ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer.
Should readjustment or removal of set screws become necessary in the field and the process becomes difficult,
apply heat to the set screw with a soldering gun (450º F) for a few minutes.
3. Using a wheel puller gently push the tumbler shaft towards the front through the front tumbler bearing.
NOTE: An alternative method would be to place a block of wood on the end of the tumbler shaft
and strike it with a heavy hammer. To prevent damage to the shaft the wheel puller method
is preferred.
4. Remove the four (4) nuts securing the bearing to the dryer back and remove the bearing.
5. Reverse procedure for installing new tumbler bearing.
NOTE: Check tension of belts and alignment of tumbler before operating dryer.
6. Replace backguard.
30
F. Idler and Bearing Assembly
(Remove backguard to access assembly.)
To Replace Idler Pulley
1. Remove backguard.
2. Loosen v-belts, then rotate pulley and roll v-belts
out of grooves.
3. Loosen the two (2) set screws on the pulley and
pull off the shaft.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new idler pulley.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating dryer.
IMPORTANT: LOCTITE® NOW BEING USED.
Effective January 24, 1996, LOCTITE® is being used on the ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer. LOCTITE® is being
applied to ALL beaaring set screws, used on ALL basket (tumbler) shafts, ALL idler shafts, ALL impellor (fan/
blower) shafts, and ALL drive shaft bearings.
A yellow label (ADC Part No. 112801) is affixed to the dryer to inform customers of the use of LOCTITE®.
This label is shown immediately below;
IMPORTANT
LOCTITE® ADHESIVE HAS BEEN USED
TO SECURE SET SCREWS AND BEARINGS
IN PLACE. ONCE SET SCREWS HAVE BEEN
REMOVED, A GEAR PULLER MAY BE NECESSARY TO REMOVE BEARING TO AVOID DAMAGE.
P/N: 112801
One (1) of these labels is attached to each Tumbler (basket) Bearing Assembly (pillow block bearing box) on the
ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer.
Should readjustment or removal of set screws become necessary in the field and the process becomes difficult,
apply heat to the set screw with a soldering gun (450º F) for a few minutes.
31
To Replace Idler Bearing
NOTE: The bearings in the idler arm assy. are pressed on the shaft. If you do not have means of
pressing the bearings on to the shaft, the idler arm assy. complete is what you should purchase.
1. Remove idler pulley (follow "To Replace Idler Pulley").
2. Remove idler arm.
A. Remove two (2) bolts securing idler arm to the idler backup plate.
B. Remove idler arm assembly.
C. Loosen set screws on both the front and rear bearing and remove the idler shaft.
D. Remove 3 bolts securing the bearing to the idler arm and remove bearings.
3. Reverse procedure for installing new idler bearings.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating dryer.
G. Drive Pulley
1. Remove backguard.
2. Loosen v-belts then rotate pulley and roll v-belts out of grooves.
3. Loosen set screws and pulley motor pulley out.
NOTE: If rust has developed on the shaft use an emery cloth to polish this shaft.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new drive pulley.
NOTE: Check tension and alignment of belts before operating dryer.
32
H. Tumbler (basket)
Tumbler Alignment (vertical)
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove backguard.
3. Loosen the four (4) hex head bolts
on the sides of the bearing box
(2 on each side).
4. Back off jam nuts on the two (2)
allen head adjustment screws.
5. Turn the screws clockwise evenly
to raise the number or counter
clockwise evenly to lower the number.
6. Rotate the tumbler from the front and check
alignment with the main door opening.
7. Leave a large gap from the inside ring on
the top of the front panel opening to the
tumbler, and a smaller gap on the bottom to
compensate for the weight of the clothes drying.
8. Tighten the four (4) hex head bolts on the
sides of the bearing box, and the two (2) allen
head adjustment screws.
9. Replace backguard.
10. Reconnect power to dryer.
Tumbler Alignment (lateral)
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove backguard.
3. Loosen the two (2) hex head bolts, (one turn is enough), that holds the pillow block bearings to the
bearing box.
4. Back off the two (2) jam nuts on the side adjustment bolts. Now rotate the tumbler from the front of the
dryer, checking the space between the tumbler and the front panel. This should be equal on the left
hand and right hand side.
33
5. Lateral adjustment (viewing from the rear)
A. Loosening (by turning counterclockwise) the left hand adjustment bolt and tightening (by turning
clockwise) the right hand adjustment bolt will shift the basket to the left.
B. Loosening (by turning counterclockwise) the right hand adjustment bolt and tightening (by turning
clockwise) the left hand adjustment bolt will shift the basket to the left.
6. Tighten and secure both adjustment bolts and jam nuts.
7. Tighten the bearing box bolts.
8. Replace backguard and re-establish power to dryer.
To Replace The Tumbler and/or Tumbler Support
1. Remove tumbler pulley and bearing box (follow "To Replace The Rear Tumbler Bearing" steps 1
through 4).
2. Remove front panel assembly.
A. Discontinue power to dryer.
B. Disconnect main door switch wiring from inside control wire box.
NOTE: Identify location of each wire for correct re-installation.
C. Open control (service) door.
D. Open lint door.
E. Remove the screws securing the front panel to the dryer.
F. Gently remove front panel assembly from the dryer.
IMPORTANT: When removing front panel assembly be careful not to damage door switch wires.
3. Loosen set screws on rear tumbler bearing.
34
IMPORTANT: LOCTITE® NOW BEING USED.
Effective January 24, 1996, LOCTITE® is being used on the ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer. LOCTITE® is being
applied to ALL beaaring set screws, used on ALL basket (tumbler) shafts, ALL idler shafts, ALL impellor (fan/
blower) shafts, and ALL drive shaft bearings.
A yellow label (ADC Part No. 112801) is affixed to the dryer to inform customers of the use of LOCTITE®.
This label is shown immediately below;
IMPORTANT
LOCTITE® ADHESIVE HAS BEEN USED
TO SECURE SET SCREWS AND BEARINGS
IN PLACE. ONCE SET SCREWS HAVE BEEN
REMOVED, A GEAR PULLER MAY BE NECESSARY TO REMOVE BEARING TO AVOID DAMAGE.
P/N: 112801
One (1) of these labels is attached to each Tumbler (basket) Bearing Assembly (pillow block bearing box) on the
ADG-385/WDA-385 dryer.
Should readjustment or removal of set screws become necessary in the field and the process becomes difficult,
apply heat to the set screw with a soldering gun (450º F) for a few minutes.
4. Using a wheel puller gently push the tumbler shaft towards the front through the front tumbler bearing.
NOTE: An alternate method would be to place a block of wood on the end of the tumbler shaft
and strike it with a heavy hammer. To prevent damage to the shaft, the wheel puller
method is preferred.
35
5. Remove the tumbler and support through the front of the dryer.
A. Remove the bolt in the center of the tumbler back wall.
B. Loosen and remove the nuts and washers from the tumbler tie rods. Remove the rods.
C. Replace either tumbler or tumbler support by reversing the procedure.
6. Reassemble components into dryer by reversing steps 1 through 4.
7. Check tumbler lateral and vertical alignment. Also, check belt tension and alignment.
8. Replace backguard and re-establish power to dryer.
I. V-Belts (refer to illustration in Sections I, J and K)
V-Belts should have proper tension. If too loose, they will slip, if too tight excessive wear on the
bearing will result. If the pulleys are not properly aligned, excessive belt wear will result. Proper belt
tension will allow 1/2" displacement under normal thumb pressure at mid span of the belt.
V-Belt Tension Adjustment-Tumbler To Idler
1. Loosen two (2) bolts connecting to back-up plate.
2. Back off jam nut on the adjustment bolt.
3. Tighten belts by turning adjustment bolt clockwise.
(turn counterclockwise to loosen belts)
4. Tighten both bolts connecting to back up plate.
5. Check vertical plane of idler pulley for parallel
alignment with tumbler pulley.
6. If realignment is required, loosen tumbler pulley and
move tumbler pulley to proper position.
7. Re-tighten jam nut.
V-Belt Tension Alignment - Motor To Idler
1. Loosen two (2) bolts connecting idler arm to back-up plate.
2. Back-off on jam nut(s) on the adjusting bolt.
3. Loosen/tighten adjustment bolt to relax/increase belt tension.
4. Tighten adjustment bolt jam nuts(s).
5. Tighten the two (2) bolts loosened in step 1.
36
To Replace V-Belts
1. Loosen tension on V-Belts, so that they can easily be rolled off pulleys.
2. Replace V-Belts.
3. Re-tighten V-Belts and adjust tension and alignment per previous instructions.
J. Motor
To Replace Motor
1. Discontinue power to dryer.
2. Remove drive belt.
3. Disconnect wiring harness from motor.
4. Remove nuts and washers holding the motor mount to the rear of the dryer and pull motor mount away.
5. Remove the two (2) left hand nuts on the motor shaft retaining the impeller. Work the impeller free
from the motor shaft by means of a puller to prevent damage to the motor shaft.
6. Remove the bolts holding the motor to the motor mount and replace it with a new motor.
7. Remove pulley from old motor and install on new motor.
8. Align motor with impellor face in plane with the motor mount at no less than 3/16" clearance.
K. Impeller
NOTE: Follow steps 1 through 5, 8 in "Section V, Part N."
L. Lintscreen
To Replace Lintscreen
1. Open lint door and remove.
2. Remove the two (2) hex head screws securing lintscreen, hold down in place and remove from trap.
3. Slide Lintscreen out along the lint coop track.
4. Reverse procedure for installing new lint screen.
5. Close lint door.
37
SECTION VI
Trouble Shooting
The information provided will help isolate the most probable components associated with the difficulty
described. The experienced technician realizes, however, that a loose connection or broken or shorted
wire may be at fault where electrical components are concerned...not necessarily the suspect component
itself.
ELECTRICAL PARTS SHOULD ALWAYS BE CHECKED FOR FAILURE BEFORE BEING
RETURNED TO THE FACTORY.
The information provided should not be misconstrued as a device for use by an untrained person in
making repairs. Only properly licensed technicians should service the equipment.
OBSERVE ALL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS DISPLAYED ON THE EQUIPMENT OR
SPECIFIED IN THIS MANUAL WHILE MAKING REPAIRS.
A. Phase 5 Coin System Diagnostics
ALL major circuits, including door, microprocessor temperature sensor, heat and motor circuits are
monitored. The Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller will inform the user via the L.E.D. display of
certain failure codes along with indicators both in L.E.D. display at the outputs of each relay and door
switch circuit to easily identify failures.
Diagnostic (L.E.D. Display) Failure Codes
1. "dOOr" - indicates door switch circuit is open.
a. Keyboard entry was made while main door is open, or
b. There is a fault in the door switch circuit (external of the microprocessor controller).
2. "dSFL" - indicates a fault in the microprocessor temperature sensor circuit. If a fault is detected in
the microprocessor heat sensor circuit, the display will read "dSFL," and the tone (buzzer)
will sound for approximately 5 seconds every 30 seconds until ...
a. The problem is corrected, or
b. Power to the dryer is discontinued and the problem is then corrected.
IMPORTANT: The Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller has its own internal heat sensing
circuit fuse protection located on the back side of the controller. If a "dSFL"
condition occurs, check to see if this fuse has blown. If it has, DO NOT replace
the entire microprocessor controller; replace the fuse and do so with a 1/8-Amp
(Slo Blo) fuse ONLY.
NOTE: Once the microprocessor controller detects a problem in the heat circuit, it updates every
30 sec. If the problem was a loose connection in this circuit which corrected itself, the
"dSFL" condition would automatically be cancelled.
38
3. "SEFL" - indicates rotational sensor circuit failure meaning that there is a fault somewhere in the
basket (tumbler) rotation detection circuit, or the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller
(computer) program related to this circuit (PL01) is set incorrectly in the active mode (SEn)
where the dryer is not equipped with the optional rotational sensor and should be set in the
non-active mode (nSEn).
4. "Hot" -
indicates a possible overheating condition. The Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller
(computer) monitors the temperature in the dryer at ALL times. If the microprocessor
controller detects that the temperature in the dryer has exceeded 220ºF (104ºC), it will
disable ALL outputs (shut the dryer down), the tone (bUZ) will sound for approximately 5
seconds, and the L.E.D. display will read "Hot." The L.E.D. display will continue to read
"Hot" until the temperature sensor has dropped to 220ºF or lower and the microprocessor
controller is manually reset by closing and opening the program switch (PS) on the back
side of the controller (as shown in the illustration on the next page).
L.E.D. Display Indicators
The L.E.D. indicator dots located at the top portion of the L.E.D. display (as shown in the illustration
below) insicate the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller (computer) output functions while a cycle is in
progress. These dots do not necessarily mean that the outputs are functioning. They are only indicating
that the function (output) should be active (on).
1. Heat Circuit Indicator -
indicator dot is on whenever the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller
is calling for the heating circuit to be active (ON).
2. Motor Circuit Indicator - indicator dot is on whenever a cycle is in progress.
Microprocessor Controller Relay Output L.E.D. Indicators
There are three (3) L.E.D. indicators (red lights) located at the lower backside area of the controller are
identified/labeled "DOOR," "MTR," and "HEAT" (as shown in the illustration on the next page). These
L.E.D.'s indicate that the outputs of the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller (computer) or, in the case
of the door switch , the input is functioning.
1. "DOOR" L.E.D. indicator should be on ALL the time (even if the dryer is not running) unless the main
door is open or there is a problem (open circuit) in the main door switch circuit.
39
NOTE: If the dryer is started (the L.E.D. display indicator dots are on) and there are no outputs
(heat and/or motor output L.E.D.'s are off) and the "dOOr" input L.E.D. is on, the fault is
in the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller (computer) itself. If the failure was elsewhere
(i.e., dryer's door switch circuit) the L.E.D. display would read "dOOr" if a keyboard entry
was attempted. If the L.E.D. display indicators are on and the door L.E.D. input and
motor/heat output L.E.D.'s are on and the motor and/or heat is not active (ON), then the
problem is not the door switch circuit or the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller; the
problem is else where in the dryer.
2. "MOTOR" Output L.E.D. Indicator - If the dryer is started and the motor is not operating, yet both
the microprocessor controller display motor indicator dot and the "dOOr" input L.E.D.
indicator are on, but the motor output L.E.D. indicator is off, then the fault is in the Phase 5
coin microprocessor controller itself. If the motor is not operating and the "MOTOR" output
indicator is on, then the problem is else where (i.e., external of the microprocessor controller).
3. "HEAT" Output L.E.D. Indicator - If the dryer is started and there is no "HEAT," yet the microprocessor
controller display heat circuit indicator dot is on, but the heat output L.E.D. indicator is off,
then the fault is in the Phase 5 coin microprocessor controller (computer) itself. If both the
display heat indicator dot and the heat output L.E.D. indicator are on, then the problem is
elsewhere (i.e., external of the microprocessor controller).
40
B. No Heat Condition
The following procedure must be performed with
the microprocessor controller (computer) display
in the normal operating mode, and the heat indicator
dot on, and the L.E.D. heat output light on. Voltage
is 24 VAC unless otherwise specified.
1. Check to see if DSI module fault indicator L.E.D.
is on or flashing. If yes, refer to "DSI" Trouble
shooting Booklet. (P/N: 450142)
2. Check for voltage (approx. 25VAC) across DSI
module terminals "STAT" or "TH" and "GND."
If voltage is evident, refer to "DSI" Trouble
Shooting Booklet. (P/N: 450142)
3. Check for voltage between TB#2 and TB#7. If
voltage is evident, problem is break in wire or
termination between TB#2 and TB#7, and the
DSI module "STAT", "TH", or "GND" terminal.
41
4. Check for voltage across TB#4 and TB#7. If voltage
is evident, problem is defective burner hi-limit switch
P/N: 130401 or the sail switch* P/N: 122200, or the
harness connecting these two (2) devices to the
terminal (block #4 and #2).
5. Check for voltage across TB#3 and TB#7. If voltage
is evident, problem is defective basket hi-limit switch
P/N: 130103 or the harness connecting this device
to the terminal block #3 and #4.
6. Check for voltage across the computer's 15-pin
connector, #4 (orange wire), and GND. Spade
terminal on the computer. If voltage is evident,
problem is the orange wire from the computer's 15pin connector, #4 to the terminal block #3. There is
a bad connection on either end or faulty computer.
* Make sure the sail switch damper is closing properly.
If so, check to see if it is making contact with the
switch. If the sail switch damper is not closing
properly check for exhaust restriction, or exhaust
damper restriction and/or clogged lint screen.
NOTE: For models with a 3-phase motor, check rotation direction of impellor (fan) as noted on
label at rear of dryer.
42
C. No Start Condition
Follow this test procedure, providing that the
microprocessor controller is functioning where the
display is in the normal operating mode and the motor
indicator dot is on, and the L.E.D. motor output light
is on. The voltage you should be reading is 24 VAC
unless otherwise specified.
1. Check to see if "dOOr" L.E.D. input light is on
(located on component side of computer board).
If light is off, refer to "dOOr" in the trouble
shooting section.
2. Check for voltage across the coil connections of
the motor relay. If no voltage is evident:
A.
Manually push down on the top of contactor,
if motor turns, replace contactor.
B.
If motor doesn't turn problem is bad wire or
termination from contactor down to motor or
faulty motor.
3. Check for voltage across the microprocessor's 15
pin connector #5 (blue wire) and GND spade
terminal on the microprocessor. If voltage is
evident, problem is bad wire or termination on blue
wire from the computer to the contactor coil or the
green wire from TB #7 to the opposite end of the
contactor coil. If no voltage is evident, problem is
faulty computer.
43
D. No Display Condition
1. Check power supply. (dryer voltage 110v, 208v, 220v ...)
2. Check for voltage across (L1) and (L2) of motor relay.
(110v, 208v, 220v ...) For 3 phase machines, check across
(L1) and (L3). If no voltage is evident, problem is bad
wire(s) or termination from circuit breaker panel to top of
motor contactor.
3. Check the .5 amp fuse(s) in the control box. If dryer is
rated at 110v, 115v, or 120v there will only be one fuse.
Voltages of 208v, 220v will have two (2) fuses. If blown,
replace with P/N: 136057.
4. Check voltage across TB #8 and TB #6 (110v, 208v, 220v).
If no voltage is evident, problem is bad wire or termination
from TB #8 and TB #6 to the L1 and L2 connection on the
motor relay.
44
5. Check for voltage across the computer's 15-pin
connector #7 and #13 (110v, 208v, 220v). If no
voltage is evident, problem is bad wire or
termination from the computer's 15-pin connector
#7 and #13 to TB #6 and #8. If voltage is evident,
problem is faulty computer.
45
E. "dSFL" Display Condition
When the display reads "dSFL" this condition indicates a fault
in the microprocessor controllers heat circuit. This circuit
includes the microprocessor controller, microprocessor
temperature sensor (located in lint compartment) and wires to
and from these two (2) points.
1. Check to see if microprocessor controller has 1/8 amp fuse
on the board, if it does check with out ohm meter. If no
continuity replace with ADC P/N: 136048. If fuse repeatedly
burns out go to step 4.
2. Check for loose connection at the microprocessor sensor
bracket harness connector (located in lint compartment),
and the microprocessor 15 position connector at the
microprocessor controller.
3. Discontinue power to dryer. Disconnect the microprocessor
15 position connector from microprocessor controller and
locate connector holes no. 10 and 15. Disconnect sensor
harness from sensor bracket assembly (located in the lint
compartment). Check for continuity across each wire from
harness connector in lint compartment to appropriate
microprocessor 15 position connector hole (10 and 15).
If no continuity, problem is break in wire or termination.
4. Check for continuity across each microprocessor sensor
wire (microprocessor 15-position connector hole no. 10
and 15) to ground. If continuity is evident, problem is wire
pinched to ground somewhere behind the front panel area.
5. If above procedures check out okay, problem is a defective
microprocessor temperature sensor.
46
F. "dOOr" Display Condition
When the display reads "dOOr," this indicates that there is a fault (open circuit) somewhere in the
microprocessor controller's door switch circuit. Includes the door switch, microprocessor controller and
the wires to and from these two (2) points. Before following this test procedure, check the component
side of the computer to see if L.E.D. input light is on. If on, replace computer. Voltage is 24VAC unless
otherwise specified.
1. Remove door switch assembly from dryer. Check for
continuity across the two (2) terminals of the door switch
with plunger pushed in. If no continuity, replace the door
switch. If continuity is evident, reassemble door switch
back on dryer.
2. Make sure main door is closed and the plunger of the door
switch is pushed in. Check for voltage across TB #5 and #7.
If no voltage is evident, problem could be faulty transformer
(P/N: 141403) or bad wire or termination in the door switch
harness, from door switch to terminal block.
2. Check for voltage across microprocessor's 15-pin
connector #2 (yellow wire), and the spade terminal
on the microprocessor marked GND. If no voltage,
problem is bad wire or termination in wire from
microprocessor connector #2 to TB #5. If voltage,
problem is faulty computer.
47
SECTION VII
Technical Information
A. Data Label
Contact American Dryer Corporation
When contacting American Dryer Corporation certain information is required to insure proper
services/parts information from American Dryer. This information is on the data label located on the
control door. When contacting American Dryer please have to model number and serial number handy.
THE DATA LABEL
1. MODEL NUMBER - The models number is an ADC number which describes the size of the dryer
and the type of heat (gas or steam).
2. SERIAL NUMBER - The serial number allows ADC to gather information on your particular dryer.
3. MANUFACTURING CODE NUMBER - The manufacturing code number is a number issued by
ADC which describes ALL possible options on your
particular model.
4. TYPE OF HEAT - Describes the type of heat; gas (natural or L.P.) or steam or electric.
5. HEAT INPUT - (For gas dryers) describes the heat input in British thermal units.
6. ELECTRIC SERVICE - Describes the electric service for your particular models.
7. GAS MANIFOLD PRESSURE
- Describes the manifold pressure as taken at the gas valve pressure
tap. (see How To Use A Manometer)
48
B. Using A Manometer
How To Use A Manometer
1. With dryer in non-operating mode remove plug
on the gas valve pressure tap.
2. Attach plastic tubing to pressure tap. (fitting is
supplied with manometer see illustration.)
3. Attach manometer to dryer using magnet.
NOTE: Place manometer in a position so that
readings can be taken at eye level.
4. Fill manometer as shown in illustration to the
zero (0) level.
5. Start dryer. With burner on take a reading.
A. Read water level at the inner tube.
Readings should be taken at eye level.
B. Correct readings should be:
NATURAL GAS: 3.5 - 4.0 inches w.c.
L.P. GAS: 11 -10.5 inches w.c.
6. If water column pressure is incorrect refer to
"To Adjust Gas Pressure"
7. Reverse procedure for removing manometer.
49
C. L.E.D. Display Codes
ACOn
Adrt
AFAt
AGt
AtIn
AtSt
AUtO
bCLO
bCrS
bUZ
ºCEL
CLCC
Coin
CrCC
donE
door
drYL
dSFL
ºFAr
FILL
FLS
FrEE
GdLY
Gont
Grd
HICd
LCC
LCdE
LOCd
nBUZ
nFLS
nGRD
OFF
PL
PPCd
PUSH
rCC
rCdE
tInE
tPLC
Accumulative Coin
Maximum Auto Dryness Time
Amount for Assitional Time
Active Anti-wrinkle Guard Time
Accumulative Time
Amount to Start
Automatic Mode
Bad Coin Lockout
Bad Coin Reset
Buzzer(Tone)
Degrees in Celsius
Clear Left Coin Count
Coin Mode
Clear Right Coin Count
Drying and cooling cycles complete or Dryer is in Anti-wrinkle Cycle
Door Circuit is Open
Dryness Level
Dryer Sensor Circuit Failure
Degrees in Fahrenheit
No cycle in progress
Flash Display Active
Free Dry Mode
Anti-wrinkle Delay Time
Anti-wrinkle On Time
Anti-wrinkle Program Active
High Cool Down
Left Coin Count
Left Coin Denomination
Low Cool Down
No Buzzer (Tone)
No Flash Display
No Anti-wrinkle
Bad Coin Lockout Tripped
Program Location
Perm Press Cool Down
Amount to Start has been Inserted, Make Temperature Selection
Right Coin Count
Right Coin Denomination
Time Mode
Time Per Left Coin
50
D. Computer Logic and Wiring Diagram
1. Operator inserts coin.
2. Operator enters desired selection(s) ...
3. Information entered is sent to the micro-controller via the keyboard ribbon.
4. The input information is sorted/processed and executed by the micro-computer chip.
5. The micro-computer output signal activates the contactors and DSI module which control machines
functions.
NOTE: When contacting American Dryer Corporation with electrical questions, please have on
hand the correct wiring diagram number for your particular machine.
51
This number is located on the top right hand corner of the diagram. It is a six (6) digit number followed
by a letter to distinguish the version dates (see illustration).
The wiring diagram on the next page is specifically for
dryers manufactured at the time of publishing. Your
particular model will be different depending on the date
of manufacturing and options available.
The correct wiring diagram and number is taped to the
rear of the control door on each dryer.
Diagrams for this book are as follows:
(including ALL revisions of the number listed below)
B672611
ADC 450179
1- 01/08/98-50
2* 05/21/98-50
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