CTEK Multi XS 7000 User`s manual
US
Switch Mode
BATTERY CHARGER
For lead-acid batteries 14-150 Ah
MULTI US 7000
User’s Manual and a guide
to professional battery charging
For Starter/Deep Cycle batteries
INTRODUCTION
The MULTI US 7000 is a primary switch mode battery charger with pulse maintenance.
The MULTI US 7000 is designed to offer maximum life for the battery. MULTI US 7000 is
a member of a family of professional chargers from CTEK SWEDEN AB. It represents the
state-of-the-art of today’s technology for battery charging. Please read these operating
instructions carefully before operating the MULTI US 7000.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS – This manual contains
important safety and operating instructions for the MULTI US 7000 battery charger.
When charging, batteries can emit explosive gases, therefore it is essential
to prevent flames and sparks. The charger is designed for charging lead-acid
batteries from 14 to 150 Ah. Do not use for any other purpose.
Always provide good ventilation when charging.
Use of an attachment not recommended or sold by CTEK may result in a risk of
fire, electric shock or serious injury to persons.
To reduce risk of damage to electric plug and cord, pull by the plug rather than by
the cord when disconnecting charger.
An extension cord should not be used unless absolutely necessary. Use of an
improper extension cord could result in a risk of fire and electric shock. If extension
cord must be used, make sure that: a) Pins on plug of extension cord are the
same number, size and shape as those of plug on charger; b) Extension cord is
properly wired and in good electrical condition; and c) Wire size is large enough
for ac ampere rating as specified in “technical data”
Do not operate charger with a damaged cord or plug - return the charger to the
place where purchased.
Never operate the charger if it has received a sharp blow, been dropped or
otherwise damaged in any way; take it to a qualified serviceman.
Do not disassemble the charger; take it to a qualified serviceman when service or
repair is required. Incorrect reassembly may result in a risk of electrical shock or
fire.
To reduce risk of electric shock, unplug charger from AC outlet before attempting
any maintenance or cleaning. Turning off controls will not reduce the risk.
2
11. WARNING - RISK OF EXPLOSIVE GASES
a) BATTERIES GENERATE EXPLOSIVE GASES
DURING NORMAL BATTERY OPERATION.
FOR THIS REASON, IT IS OF THE UTMOST
IMPORTANCE THAT EACH TIME BEFORE
USING YOUR CHARGER, YOU READ THIS
MANUAL AND FOLLOW THE INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY.
b)
Follow these instructions and those published by the battery manufacturer and the
manufacturer of any equipment you intend to use in vicinity of battery.
12. PERSONAL PRECAUTIONS
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
i)
Some one should be within voice range or close enough to come to your aid when
you work near a lead-acid battery.
Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin,
clothing or eyes.
Always wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes
while working near battery.
If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water.
If acid enters eye, immediately flood eye with running cold water for at least 10
minutes and get medical attention immediately.
NEVER smoke or allow a spark or flame in vicinity of battery or engine.
Be extra cautious to reduce risk of dropping a metal tool onto battery. It might
spark or short-circuit battery or other electrical part that may cause explosion.
Remove personal metal items such as rings, bracelets, necklaces, and watches
when working with lead-acid battery. A lead-acid battery can produce a short-circuit
current high enough to weld a ring or the like to metal, causing a severe burn.
Use charger for charging a LEAD-ACID battery only. Do not use battery charger
for dry-cell batteries that are commonly used with home appliances. These
batteries may burst and cause injury to persons and damage to property.
Never charge a frozen battery.
3
13. PREPARING TO CHARGE
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
If necessary to remove battery from vehicle to charge, always remove grounded
terminal from battery first. Make sure all accessories in the vehicle are off, so as
not to cause an arc.
Be sure area around battery is well ventilated while battery is being charged. Gas
can be forcefully blown away by fanning the area with a piece of cardboard or
other non-metallic material.
Clean battery terminals. Be careful to keep corrosion from coming in contact with
eyes.
Add distilled water in each cell until battery acid reaches level specified by battery
manufacturer. This helps to purge excessive gas from cells. Do not overfill. For a
battery without cell caps, carefully follow manufacturer’s recharging instruction.
Study battery manufacturer’s specific precautions such as removing or not
removing cell caps while charging.
Determine voltage of battery by referring to car owner’s manual and make sure
that the output voltage selector switch is set at correct voltage.
14. CHARGER LOCATION
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Locate charger as far away from the battery as battery charger cables permit.
Never place charger directly above battery being charged; gases from battery will
corrode and damage charger.
Never allow battery acid to drip on charger.
Do not operate charger in a closed-in area or restrict ventilation in any way.
Do not set a battery on top of charger.
15. DC CONNECTION PRECAUTIONS
a)
b)
Connect and disconnect dc output clips only after setting any charger switches to
off position and removing ac cord from electric outlet. Never allow clips to touch
each other.
Attach clips to battery and chassis as indicated in 16(e), 16(f), 17(b) and 17(d).
16. FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY
IS INSTALLED IN VEHICLE. A SPARK
NEAR BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY
EXPLOSION. TO REDUCE RISK OF A SPARK
NEAR BATTERY:
a)
Position ac and dc cord in a safe position to reduce risk of damage by hood, door
or moving engine part.
4
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Stay clear of fan blades, belts, pulleys, and other parts that can cause injury to
persons.
Check polarity of battery terminals. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has
larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
Determine which post of battery is grounded (connected) to the chassis. If negative
post is grounded to the chassis (as in most vehicles) see (e). If positive post is
grounded to the chassis, see (f).
Negative-grounded vehicle.
Charger connection.
1. Connect positive charger clip (red) to positive battery terminal.
2. Connect negative charger clip (black) to a good metal engine ground away
from the battery. Do no connect clip to fuel lines or sheet-metal body parts.
3. Connect the AC cord to the socket. The red alarm indication light will indicate a
battery which is connected to reverse polarity.
Positive grounded vehicle
Charger connection.
1. Connect negative charger clip (black) to negative battery terminal.
2. Connect positive charger clip (red) to a good metal engine ground away from
the battery. Do no connect clip to fuel lines or sheet-metal body parts.
3. Connect the AC cord to the socket. The red alarm indication light will indicate
a battery which is connected to reverse polarity.
When disconnecting charger, disconnect AC cord, remove clip from vehicle
chassis, and then remove clip from battery terminal.
See operating instructions for charge information.
17. FOLLOW THESE STEPS WHEN BATTERY
IS OUTSIDE VEHICLE. A SPARK NEAR
BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY
EXPLOSION. TO REDUCE RISK OF A SPARK
NEAR BATTERY:
a)
b)
c)
d)
Check polarity of battery terminals. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually has
larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
Connect POSITIVE (RED) charger clip to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post.
Connect NEGATIVE (Black) charger clip to NEGATIVE (NEG,N,-) battery post.
The red alarm indication light will indicate a battery, which is connected to reverse
polarity.
Connect charger’s AC cord to socket.
5
e)
f)
Do not face the battery when making the final connection.
When disconnecting charger, disconnect in reverse sequence from connecting
procedure. See operating instructions for charge information.
The battery charger must be connected to the battery according to the instructions
above.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION!
The MULTI US 7000 cannot be used to restore a fully worn out battery.
If the MULTI US 7000 does not switch to maintenance charge after three days (green light
illuminated), there is a fault. Possible causes:
• The battery is probably worn out and should be replaced.
• Some large antimony batteries may behave differently and can allow the
MULTI US 7000 to charge the battery for too long, which can lead to overcharging. See
caution!
• If heavy power consumers like fitted alarms and navigation computers are connected to
the battery, the charging process takes longer and this can also overcharge the battery.
• A sulphated battery will only accept current with difficulty, and consequently the
charging process takes a particularly long time. A worn out battery cannot be fully
charged. Therefore you should always check whether the charger has been switched
to maintenance charge before you leave it turned on or unobserved for any length of
time. Caution: If the MULTI US 7000 does not switch to maintenance mode after three
days, manually switch it to pulse maintenance mode. If the set has been switched to
maintenance charge, then everything is in order. Note: A battery that hasn’t changed to
maintenance charge after three days is most likely worn out and needs to be replaced. All
other batteries can be maintained for a very long time.
CHARGING
Connecting the MULTI US 7000:
- Connecting the equipment to a battery fitted in the vehicle:
1. When the battery cable is being connected or disconnected, the plug of the
MULTI US 7000 must be disconnected from the power socket.
2. Establish which terminal is ground (connected to the chassis). Normally the negative
terminal is grounded.
3. Charging a battery grounded to the negative terminal: Negative-grounded vehicle
Charger connection.
1. Connect positive charger clip (red) to positive battery terminal.
2. Connect negative charger clip (black) to a good metal engine ground
away from the battery. Do not connect clip to fuel lines or sheet-metal body parts.
3. Connect the AC cord to the socket. The red alarm indication light will indicate a
battery which is connected to reverse polarity.
6
4. Charging a battery grounded to the positive terminal: Positive grounded vehicle
Charger connection.
1. Connect negative charger clip (black) to negative battery terminal.
2. Connect positive charger clip (red) to a good metal engine ground away from
the battery. Do not connect clip to fuel lines or sheet-metal body parts.
3. Connect the AC cord to the socket. The red alarm indication light will indicate a
battery which is connected to reverse polarity.
Connecting the MULTI US 7000 to an out of vehicle battery:
a)
Check polarity of battery terminals. POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post usually
has larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) post.
b)
Connect POSITIVE (RED) charger clip to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) battery post.
c)
Connect NEGATIVE (Black) charger clip to NEGATIVE (NEG, N, -) battery post.
The red alarm indication light will indicate a battery, which is connected to
reverse polarity.
d)
Connect charger’s AC cord to socket.
e)
Do not face the battery when making the final connection.
f)
When disconnecting charger, disconnect in reverse sequence from
connecting procedure. See operating instructions for charge information.
Starting the charging process
1. Set the correct charge mode by pressing the mode button for motorcycle or car. You
can find out how to select the correct charge mode to be used for charging your battery in
the section on “SETTINGS”.
2. Once you have established that the battery cable has been correctly connected you
can start the charging process. To do so, insert the charger plug into the AC socket.
3. Now either the charge indicator
or the maintenance charge indicator
lights
up. When the maintenance charge indicator lights up, the battery is fully charged. If the
battery voltage drops, the charger sends a pulse to the battery. The length of the pulse
depends on how much charge the battery has lost. The MULTI US 7000 may be connected for months at a time. However it is recommended to monitor batteries on charge.
4. If nothing happens: If the indicator for the set voltage is still illuminated, but no other
indicator is illuminated, the connection to the battery or the chassis could be faulty, or the
battery could be defective. If the charging process has not started, this could be due to
the fact that the power socket is not supplying a current.
5. The charging process can be interrupted at any time. In addition pull the plug of the
charger out of the power socket or put the charger on Stand-by/Power On . Always
remove the plug of the charger from the power socket before disconnecting the battery
cable. If you interrupt the charging process of a battery fitted in a vehicle, the battery
cable must always be first disconnected from the chassis and then from the other battery
cable.
7
6. If the indicator for charge
and maintenance charge
are flashing alternately, this
may have the following causes:
• Interruption of the charging process because a cable has become loose or because the
battery is not conducting.
• The battery is sulphated. If the indicator flashes for more than 30 minutes the battery
may be defective and should be replaced.
• If the flashing signal is flashing at intervals of more than 10 seconds, then there is a
high self discharge of the battery, indicating a bad battery.
BATTERY TYPES AND SETTINGS
MULTI US 7000 can easily be set for different types of batteries or conditions. The following recommendations should, however, only be seen as guidelines. Please consult the
battery manufacturer for further instructions.
Settings are made by pressing the ”MODE-button” and stepping forward one press at a
time until the required mode is reached, the button is then released. After about 2 seconds the charger activates the selected mode. The selected mode is saved in a memory
in the charger and remains there even if the charger is switched off.
NORMAL
Mode 14.4 V - Normal setting for wet batteries, maintenance free and for most Gel
batteries. Some Gel batteries prefer a slightly lower charging voltage. Please consult
the battery manufacturer when in doubt.
Mode 14.7 V - This setting is recommended for a battery at temperatures
< 5 degrees C. It is also recommended for many AGM batteries like Optima, and
Odysseys. Consult your battery manufacturer when in doubt.
SUPPLY
Mode 13.6 V / Supply - The charger is operating at a constant voltage of 13.6 V. This
is the maintenance mode for applications where maximum capacity from the battery
is important, like floor sweepers and golf carts. Note that the Spark protection
function is suppressed in this mode.
Mode 16 V / 1.5 A / 4 h - This mode is used to recover deep discharged flooded
batteries where you could expect a stratified acid (high acid weight in the bottom, low
on top). This mode will also recover some spiral cell AGM batteries that has been
deep cycled. Check with battery manufacturer when in doubt.
RECOND
Note that the battery has to be fully charged first. Use this mode with care,
because the high voltage will cause some water loss. 16 V is normally no problem
for electronics, but consult your supplier when in doubt. Life of light bulbs will be
reduced at higher voltage. Try to avoid using 12 V light from the battery during this
phase. Maximum effect and minimum risk for electronics is achieved by charging a
disconnected battery.
8
CHARGING
The battery charger must be connected to the battery according to the instructions
above.
Start charging
1. Connect the power cord to the power outlet. The charger indicates STANDBY, or latest
selected mode, yellow indication light (A).
2. Set the proper charging mode for the battery by pushing the Mode Selector Button (see
Battery Types and Settings).
3. The lamp for Deep Discharged battery (1) will indicate if the battery has been discharged down to below 10.5 V. A recondition phase could be needed after the completed charge cycle.
4. Normal charging settings (14.4 V or 14.7 V) will be indicated by the lamps for Deep
Discharged (1), Bulk Charge (2), Absorption Charge (3) or Maintenance Charge (4).
The lamp for maintenance means that the battery is fully charged. The charge will
restart if the voltage drops. The charger can normally be connected for months. However it is recommended to monitor batteries on charge. The Supply or Recond settings
are indicated by the lamps for those settings.
5. The red alarm indication light (0) will indicate a battery, which is connected to reverse
polarity (will not work in Supply Mode). The red alarm indication light (0) will also indicate if the charge cycle is activated without any battery connected to the battery leads.
6. If nothing happens: A bad connection of the battery to ground will be indicated by no
indicator lights illuminating or that the indicator lamp is still in the Standby-mode (lamp
A). A bad battery will also be indicated in the same way. Don’t forget to check the wall
outlet. If you experience problems: start with the sensitive connection between the battery clamps and the charger.
7. A flickering between the lamps for charging and fully charged could be caused by
several reasons.
a. A lost connection. This is most likely in the cabling but could also be internal. Put the
charger in STANDBY and try to restart.
b. A lightly sulphated battery. The flickering will end within 60 minutes if the battery could
be recovered. The battery cannot be recharged if the flickering continues.
c. A battery with high self discharge could be seen when the Fully charged lamp is on for
10 seconds and more, combined with a short Charge indication. Such a battery is at
the end of its life and needs to be replaced.
8. The charging could be interrupted at any time by disconnecting the supply cord or by
setting the charger in Stand by. Removing the ground lead first when disconnecting the
battery leads from a battery in a vehicle.
9
CHARGING CYCLE
Voltage/Current
Voltage
Start
Is
Bulk
Io
Absorption
Uo
Pulse
Up
Supply
Uo
Recond
I
Current
Time
Setting: 14.4 V or 14.7 V
MULTI US 7000 performs a 5-step fully automatic charge cycle, IIUoIUp. Lamp B for 14.4
V or Lamp C for 14.7 V.
Start: Starting phase for charging. The current is restricted to 3 A. It ends when the voltage is above 10.5 V. There is a time-out after 6 hours and the charger switches to Error
indication, (lamp 0). This indicates a faulty battery or an undersized charger for the battery
pack. Lamp 1 indicates this phase.
Bulk: Main part of the charge cycle when about 80% of the charge is returned. The
charge is carried out at maximum charge until full voltage is achieved. Lamp 2 indicates
this phase.
Absorption: Final part of the charge. The voltage is kept constant until the current has
tapered to 0.6 A when the charger goes into Pulse Maintenance mode. The phase is also
ended if the total time for bulk and absorption exceeds 40 hours. Lamp 3 indicates this
phase.
Pulse Maintenance charge: The state of charge is between 95% and 100%. A pulse at
5 A is sent out if the voltage drops. This gives minimum water loss and maximum life. The
charger can normally be connected for extended periods without problems. However, it is
recommended to monitor batteries on charge.
The charger measures the voltage every 10 minutes to decide whether a new pulse
should come. This means that these pulses can’t come more often than every 10 minutes.
10
If the battery is charged and/or the battery's terminal voltage drops below 12.9 V the charger starts a charge pulse of 5A until the terminal voltage has reached the set level, 14.4
V or 14.7 V. The charge pulse is then interrupted and the cycle is repeated as long as the
charger is in pulse maintenance phase. Pulse maintenance phase is indicated by lamp 4.
If the terminal voltage drops below 12.1 V, the charger automatically reverts to the beginning of the charging curve.
Setting : Supply 13.6 V
MULTI US 7000 has a Supply mode setting which has a constant voltage at 13.6 V and
current up to 7 A. It could be used for maintenance charge using the Float approach. This
approach keeps the battery at 100 % State of Charge, but the constant small overcharge
also increases water loss. Note that there is no need for a battery to be connected at this
mode. Note: The Spark protection system and the indication of Reverse Polarity is
suppressed in this mode. The Short Circuit protection is still working.
It is not advisable to charge a discharged battery in Supply mode as this will not provide a
complete charge. In this mode, MULTI US 7000 can also be used as a power-generation
unit for operating equipment that requires 13.6 V and a maximum of 7 A. If the selected
current exceeds 7 A, the output voltage will drop at an increasing rate. The charger has
electronic overload protection in this mode, which is activated if the charge is so great that
the output voltage from the charger falls below around 3.5 V and the current to around
7 A. In the event of an overload, the charger transfers to error mode (lamp 0).
Setting lamp D indication lamp 5.
Setting: Recond 16 V / 1.5 A / 4 h
MULTI US 7000 has a Recond-setting which gives a constant current at 1.5 A, maximised
at 16 V for 4 hours. It will automatically go over to 14.4 V pulse setting after a completed
cycle. This mode is used for batteries that have been deep discharged. Start by charging
at either the 14.4 V or 14.7 V setting until the battery is in Pulse maintenance phase. Setting lamp E indication lamp 6.
11
INDICATORS
3
2
1
0
4
5
SUPPLY
6
RECOND
MODE
A
B
NORMAL
C
D
E
SUPPLY RECOND
Indication Description
0
Error mode, the charger interrupts the charging/voltage supply. See description
below.
1
Start mode, restricted charging current and battery voltage under 10.5 V.
2
Bulk charging, Maximum charging current.
3
Absorption charging, Voltage restrictions to selected voltage.
4
Charging completed. Pulse maintenance charging.
5
Supply mode, fixed output voltage, no counter voltage requirements.
6
Recond charging in progress, constant current 1.5 A.
A
STANDBY - Power on no selection done,
B
Mode 14.4 V - See battery types and settings.
C
Mode 14.7 V - See battery types and settings.
D
Mode 13.6 V / Supply - See battery types and settings.
E
Mode 16 V / 1.5 A / 4 h Recond - See battery types and settings.
Error mode
The charger goes to error mode in the following situations:
1.
Charging is started without a battery with terminal voltage over 1.5 V being connected to the terminals.
2.
The battery is connected with the battery´s terminals reversed to the charger's
terminals.
3.
The terminals on the charger are short-circuited when charging has started.
4.
The charger is overloaded in Supply mode.
5.
The charger has been in start mode for more than 6 hours.
6.
If the total time for bulk and absorption exceeds 40 hours.
Error mode is acknowledged/reset by pressing ”the MODE” button. The charger
12
restarts in the latest selected mode.
BULK CHARGING TIME
Battery size
(Ah)
14
50
90
150
Voltage AC
Current
Back Current Drain*
Charging Voltage
Ripple**
Charging Current
Ambient Temperature
Cooling
Charge cycle
Type of batteries
Battery Capacity
Dimensions
Insulation
Weight
Time to ~80% charge
(h)
2
6-7
11-13
20-22
TECHNICAL DATA
85-125 VAC, 50-60 Hz. Output power is reduced at lower input
voltage.
2.0 A rms
< 3 mA
Nominal: 12 V, 13.6 V, 14.4 V, 14.7 V or 16 V
Max 150 mV rms, max 0.3 A
7 A max
- 20°C till + 50°C. Automatic reduction of power at increased
ambient temperature.
Natural convection. Do not cover the charger.
5 step fully automatic IIUoIUp.
All types of lead-acid batteries (Wet, Maintenance Free, VRLA,
AGM and most GEL).
14-150 Ah
8 1/2 x 3 1/2 x 1 7/8 inches (L x W x H)
Splashproof/Rainproof.
1.7 lbs
*) The back current drain is the current that the charger uses from the battery when the
wall plug is not connected. The reverse current of the MULTI US 7000 is very low and
corresponds to 1 Ah per month.
**)The ripple wave describes how many disturbances are exhibited by current and voltage. A rippled voltage can cause damage to other equipment connected to the battery.
The MULTI US 7000 supplies voltage and current with very low voltage rippling. This
increases the life of the battery and ensures that equipment connected to it will not be
damaged.
13
OVERHEATING PROTECTION
The MULTI US 7000 is equipped with overheating protection. In high ambient temperatures the output power is reduced. Do not cover the charger.
BATTERY CABLES
Multi US 7000 is equipped with a set of battery cables with battery terminal clips and one
set of battery cables with eyelet terminals.
MAINTENANCE
The MULTI US 7000 is maintenance-free. The charger must not be opened; doing so will
invalidate the warranty. If the power cable is damaged it must be replaced by CTEK or its
authorized representative. The charger casing can be cleaned using a damp cloth and
mild cleaning agent. Remove the plug from the power socket before cleaning.
LIMITED WARRANTY
CTEK SWEDEN AB, Rostugnsv. 3, SE-776 70 VIKMANSHYTTAN, SWEDEN issues this
limited warranty to the original purchaser of this product. This limited warranty is not transferable. CTEK SWEDEN AB warrants this unit for two years from the date of purchase
against defect workmanship or material. It is the obligation of the purchaser to forward
the unit together with proof of purchase to the manufacturer or its representative with
transportation cost prepaid. This warranty is void if the unit is abused, handled carelessly
or repaired by anyone other than CTEK SWEDEN AB or its authorized representative.
CTEK SWEDEN AB makes no warranty other than this limited warranty and expressly
excludes any implied warranty including any warranty for consequential damages. This
is the only expressed limited warranty and CTEK SWEDEN AB neither assumes nor
authorizes anyone to assume or make any other obligation towards the product other than
this limited warranty.
CTEK SWEDEN AB
Rostugnsvägen 3
SE-776 70 VIKMANSHYTTAN
SWEDEN
Fax: + 46 225 307 93
www.ctek.com
14
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement