Makita | EM2650LH | Instruction manual | Makita EM2650LH Instruction manual

Petrol Brushcutter
EM2650UH
EM2650UHN
EM2651UH
EM2650LH
EM2650LHN
EM2651LH
INSTRUCTION MANUAL
EM2650UH
EM2651UH
EM2650UHN
EM2650LH
EM2651LH
EM2650LHN
Important:
Read this instruction manual carefully before putting the Petrol Brushcutter into operation and strictly observe
the safety regulations!
Preserve instruction manual carefully!
English
(Original instructions)
Thank you very much for purchasing the MAKITA Petrol Brushcutter. We are
pleased to recommend to you the MAKITA Petrol Brushcutter which is the
result of a long development programme and many years of knowledge and
experience.
Please read this booklet which refers in detail to the various points that will
demonstrate its outstanding performance. This will assist you to obtain the best
possible result from your MAKITA Petrol Brushcutter.
Table of Contents
Page
Symbols..........................................................................2
Safety instructions..........................................................3
Technical data................................................................7
Designation of parts.......................................................9
Mounting of handle.......................................................10
Mounting of protector................................................... 11
Mounting of cutter blade or nylon cutting head............12
Before start of operation...............................................13
Correct handling of machine........................................15
Points in operation and how to stop.............................15
Resharpening the cutting tool.......................................17
Servicing instructions...................................................19
Storage.........................................................................22
SYMBOLS
You will note the following symbols when reading the instructions manual.
Read instruction manual and follow
the warnings and safety precautions!
Keep the area of operation clear of all
persons and pets!
Take Particular care and attention!
Wear protective helmet, eye and ear
protection!
Forbidden!
Top permissible tool speed
Keep distance!
Fuel (Gasoline)
Flying object hazard!
Engine-manual start
Emergency stop
No smoking!
First Aid
No open flame!
ON/START
Protective gloves must be worn!
OFF/STOP
Wear sturdy boots with nonslip soles.
Steeltoed safety boots are recommended!
Kickback!
2
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
General Instructions
– Read this instruction manual to become familiar with handling of the
equipment. Users insufficiently informed will risk danger to themselves as
well as others due to improper handling.
– It is recommended only to lend the equipment to people who have proven to
be experienced.
Always hand over the instruction manual.
– First users should ask the dealer for basic instructions to familiarize oneself
with the handling of brushcutters.
– Children and young persons aged under 18 years must not be allowed to
operate this equipment. Persons over the age of 16 years may however
use the device for the purpose of being trained while under supervision of a
qualified trainer.
– Use with the utmost care and attention.
– Operate only if you are in good physical condition. Perform all work calmly
and carefully. The user has to accept liability for others.
– Never use this equipment after consumption of alcohol or drugs, or if feeling
tired or ill.
– National regulation can restrict the use of the machine.
Intended use of the machine
– This equipment is only intended for cutting grass, weeds, bushes,
undergrowth. It should not be used for any other purpose such as edging or
hedge cutting as this may cause injury.
Personal protective equipment
– The clothing worn should be functional and appropriate, i.e. it should be tightfitting but not cause hindrance. Do not wear either jewelry or clothing which
could become entangled with bushes or shrubs.
– In order to avoid either head-, eye-, hand-or foot injuries as well as to protect
your hearing the following protective equipment and protective clothing must
be used during operation.
– Always wear a helmet where there is a risk of falling objects. The protective
helmet (1) is to be checked at regular intervals for damage and is to be
replaced at the latest after 5 years. Use only approved protective helmets.
– The visor (2) of the helmet (or alternatively goggles) protects the face from
flying debris and stones. During operation always wear goggles, or a visor to
prevent eye injuries.
– Wear adequate noise protection equipment to avoid hearing impairment (ear
muffs (3), ear plugs etc.).
– The work overalls (4) protect against flying stones and debris.
We strongly recommend that the user wears work overalls.
– Gloves (5) are part of the prescribed equipment and must always be worn
during operation.
– When using the equipment, always wear sturdy shoes (6) with a non-slip
sole. This protects against injuries and ensures a good footing.
Starting up the brushcutter
– Please make sure that there are no children or other people within a working
range of 15 meters (50 ft), also pay attention to any animals in the working
vicinity.
Diagrammatic figure
– Before use always check the equipment is safe for operation:
Check the security of the cutting tool, the throttle lever for easy action and
check for proper functioning of the throttle lever lock.
– Rotation of the cutting tool during idling speed is not allowed. Check with your
dealer for adjustment if in doubt. Check for clean and dry handles and test
the function of the start/stop switch.
3
15 Meters
Start the brushcutter only in accordance with the instructions.
– Do not use any other methods for starting the engine!
– Use the brushcutter and the tools only for such applications as specified.
– Only start the engine, after the entire assembly is done. Operation of the
device is only permitted after all the appropriate accessories are attached!
– Before starting make sure that the cutting tool has no contact with hard
objects such as branches, stones etc. as the cutting tool will revolve when
starting.
– The engine is to be switched off immediately in case of any engine problems.
– Should the cutting tool hit stones or other hard objects, immediately switch off
the engine and inspect the cutting tool.
– Inspect the cutting tool at short regular intervals for damage (detection of
hairline cracks by means of tapping-noise test).
– If the equipment gets heavy impact or fall, check the condition before
continuing work. Check the fuel system for fuel leakage and the controls
and safety devices for malfunction. If there is any damage or doubt, ask our
authorized service center for the inspection and repair.
– Operate the equipment only with the shoulder harness attached which is
to be suitably adjusted before putting the brushcutter into operation. It is
essential to adjust the shoulder harness according to the user size to prevent
fatigue occurring during use. Never hold the cutter with one hand during use.
– During operation always hold the brushcutter with both hands.
Always ensure a safe footing.
– Operate the equipment in such a manner as to avoid inhalation of the exhaust
gases. Never run the engine in enclosed rooms (risk of gas poisoning).
Carbon monoxide is an odorless gas.
– Switch off the engine when resting and when leaving the equipment
unattended, and place it in a safe location to prevent danger to others or
damage to the machine.
– Never put the hot brushcutter onto dry grass or onto any combustible
materials.
– Always install the approved cutting tool guard onto the equipment before
starting the engine.
Otherwise contact with the cutting tool may cause serious injury.
– All protective installations and guards supplied with the machine must be
used during operation.
– Never operate the engine with faulty exhaust muffler.
– Shut off the engine during transport.
– When transporting the equipment, always attach the cover to the cutting
blade.
– Ensure safe position of the equipment during car transportation to avoid fuel
leakage.
– When transporting, ensure that the fuel tank is completely empty.
– When unloading the equipment from the truck, never drop the Engine to the
ground or this may severely damage the fuel tank.
– Except in case of emergency, never drop or cast the equipment to the ground
or this may severely damage the equipment.
– Remember to lift the entire equipment from the ground when moving the
equipment. Dragging the fuel tank is highly dangerous and will cause damage
and leakage of fuel, possibly causing fire.
• Resting
• Transport
• Refuelling
• Maintenance
• Tool replacement
Refueling
– Shut off the engine during refueling, keep away from open flames and do not
smoke.
– Avoid skin contact with mineral oil products. Do not inhale fuel vapor. Always
wear protective gloves during refueling. Change and clean protective clothing
at regular intervals.
– Take care not to spill either fuel or oil in order to prevent soil contamination
(environmental protection). Clean the brushcutter immediately after fuel has
been spilt.
– Avoid any fuel contact with your clothing. Change your clothing instantly if
fuel has been spilt on it (to prevent clothing catching fire).
– Inspect the fuel cap at regular intervals making sure that it can be securely
fastened and does not leak.
– Carefully tighten the fuel tank cap. Change location to start the engine (at
least 3 meters away from the place of refueling).
– Never refuel in closed rooms. Fuel vapors accumulate at ground lever (risk of
explosions).
– Only transport and store fuel in approved containers. Make sure the fuel
stored is not accessible to children.
4
ter
e
3m
s
Method of operation
– Only use in good light and visibility. During the winter season beware of
slippery or wet areas, ice and snow (risk of slipping). Always ensure a safe
footing.
– Never cut above waist height.
– Never stand on a ladder.
– Never climb up into trees to perform cutting operation.
– Never work on unstable surfaces.
– Remove sand, stones, nails etc. found within the working range.
Foreign particles may damage the cutting tool and can cause dangerous
kick-backs.
– Before commencing cutting, the cutting tool must have reached full working
speed.
– When using metal blades, swing the tool evenly in half-circle from right to left,
like using a scythe.
If grass or branches get caught between the cutting tool and guard, always
stop the engine before cleaning. Otherwise unintentional blade rotation may
cause serious injury.
– Take a rest to prevent loss of control caused by fatigue. We recommend to
take a 10 to 20-minute rest every hour.
Cutting Tools
– Use an applicable cutting tool for the job in hand.
Nylon cutting heads (string trimmer heads) are suitable for trimming lawn
grass.
Metal blades are suitable for cutting weeds, high grasses, bushes, shrubs,
underwood, thicket, and the like.
Never use other blades including metal multi-piece pivoting chains and flail
blades. Otherwise serious injury may result.
– When using metal blades, avoid “kickback” and always prepare for an
accidental kickback. See the section “Kickback” and “Kickback prevention.”
Kickback (blade thrust)
– Kickback (blade thrust) is a sudden reaction to a caught or bound cutting
blade. Once it occurs, the equipment is thrown sideway or toward the
operator at great force and it may cause serious injury.
– Kickback occurs particularly when applying the blade segment between 12
and 2 o’clock to solids, bushes and trees with 3 cm or larger diameter.
– To avoid kickback:
• Apply the segment between 8 and 11 o’clock;
• Never apply the segment between 12 and 2 o’clock;
• Never apply the segment between 11 and 12 o’clock and between 2 and
5 o’clock, unless the operator is well trained and experienced and does it at
his/her own risk;
• Never use cutting blades close to solids, such as fences, walls, tree trunks
and stones;
• Never use cutting blades vertically, for such operations as edging and
trimming hedges.
Caution:
Kickback
Diagrammatic
figure
Vibration
– People with poor circulation who are exposed to excessive vibration may
experience injury to blood vessels or the nervous system. Vibration may
cause the following symptoms to occur in the fingers, hands or wrists: “Falling
asleep” (numbness), tingling, pain, stabbing sensation, alteration of skin color
or of the skin. If any of these symptoms occur, see a physician!
– To reduce the risk of “white finger disease”, keep your hands warm during
operation and well maintain the equipment and accessories.
Maintenance instructions
– Have your equipment serviced by our authorized service center, always using
only genuine replacement parts. Incorrect repair and poor maintenance can
shorten the life of the equipment and increase the risk of accidents.
– The condition of the cutter, in particular of the cutting tool of the protective
devices and also of the shoulder harness must be checked before
commencing work. Particular attention is to be paid to the cutting blades
which must be correctly sharpened.
– Turn off the engine and remove spark plug connector when replacing or
sharpening cutting tools, and also when cleaning the cutter or cutting tool.
5
Diagrammatic
figure
Never straighten or weld damaged cutting tools.
– Pay attention to the environment. Avoid unnecessary throttle operation for
less pollution and noise emissions. Adjust the carburetor correctly.
– Clean the equipment at regular intervals and check that all screws and nuts
are well tightened.
– Never service or store the equipment in the vicinity of naked flames.
– Always store the equipment in locked rooms and with an emptied fuel tank.
– When cleaning, servicing and storing the equipment, always attach the cover
to the cutting blade.
Observe the relevant accident prevention instructions issued by the relevant trade associations and by the insurance companies.
Do not perform any modifications to the equipment as this will endanger your safety.
The performance of maintenance or repair work by the user is limited to those activities as described in the instruction manual. All other work is
to be done by an Authorized Service Agent. Use only genuine spare parts and accessories released and supplied by MAKITA.
Use of non-approved accessories and tools means increased risk of accidents.
MAKITA will not accept any liability for accidents or damage caused by the use of non-approved cutting tools and fixing devices of cutting tools,
or accessories.
First Aid
In case of accident make sure that a first-aid box is available in the vicinity of
the cutting operations. Immediately replace any item taken from the first aid box.
When asking for help, please give the following
information:
– Place of accident
– What happened
– Number of injured persons
– Kind of injuries
– Your name
For European countries only
EC Declaration of Conformity
We Makita Corporation as the responsible manufacturer declare that the following Makita machine(s):
Designation of Machine: Petrol Brushcutter
Model No./ Type: EM2650UH, EM2650UHN, EM2651UH, EM2650LH, EM2650LHN, EM2651LH
Specifications: see “TECHNICAL DATA” table
are of series production and
Conforms to the following European Directives:
2000/14/EC, 2006/42/EC
And are manufactured in accordance with the following standards or standardized documents:
EN ISO 11806-1
The technical documentation is kept by:
Makita International Europe Ltd., Technical Department,
Michigan Drive, Tongwell, Milton Keynes, Bucks MK15 8JD, England
The conformity assessment procedure required by Directive 2000/14/EC was in Accordance with annex V.
EM2650UH, EM2651UH, EM2650LH, EM2651LH:
Measured Sound Power Level: 108.5 dB
Guaranteed Sound Power Level: 111 dB
EM2650LHN:
Measured Sound Power Level: 101.6 dB
Guaranteed Sound Power Level: 104 dB
27.11.2009
Tomoyasu Kato
Director
Makita Corporation
3-11-8, Sumiyoshi-cho,
Anjo, Aichi, JAPAN
6
TECHNICAL DATA
Model
EM2650UH
Handle type
Dimensions: length x width x height (without cutting tool)
Mass (without plastic guard and cutting tool)
mm
kg
EM2650UHN
EM2650LH
Bike handle
Loop handle
1,765 x 620 x 474
1,765 x 330 x 264
5.5
5.4
5.1
Volume (fuel tank)
L
0.6
Volume (oil tank)
L
0.08
3
25.4
Engine displacement
cm
Maximum engine performance
0.77 at 7,000 min-1
kw
Engine speed at recommended max. spindle speed
Maximum spindle speed (corresponding)
Idling speed
Clutch engagement speed
min-1
10,000
min
-1
7,400
min
-1
3,000
min
-1
3,900
Carburetor
Diaphragm type
Ignition system
Non-contact, magnet type
Spark plug
type
NGK CMR4A
Electrode gap
mm
0.7 - 0.8
Vibration per
ISO 22867
EM2650LHN
Right handle
(Rear grip)
Left handle
(Front grip)
Sound pressure level average to
ISO 22868
Sound power level average to
ISO 22868
ahv eq
Uncertainty K
ahv eq
m/s2
2.6
—
5.1
5.3
2
0.8
—
0.2
0.4
2
2.3
—
4.1
5.0
2
m/s
m/s
Uncertainty K
m/s
0.5
—
0.4
0.8
LPA eq
dBA
96.6
—
96.6
91.6
Uncertainty K
dBA
0.9
—
0.9
3.1
LWA eq
dBA
105.5
—
105.5
101.6
Uncertainty K
dBA
1.3
—
1.3
2.0
Fuel
Automobile gasoline (petrol)
API grade SF class or higher, SAE 10W-30 oil
(automobile 4-stroke engine oil)
Engine Oil
Cutting tools (cutter blade dia.)
mm
230
Gear ratio
14/19
7
TECHNICAL DATA
Model
Handle type
Dimensions: length x width x height (without cutting tool)
Mass (without plastic guard and cutting tool)
mm
kg
EM2651UH
EM2651LH
Bike handle
Loop handle
1,765 x 620 x 474
1,765 x 330 x 264
5.6
5.2
Volume (fuel tank)
L
0.6
Volume (oil tank)
L
0.08
3
25.4
Engine displacement
cm
Maximum engine performance
0.77 at 7,000 min-1
kw
Engine speed at recommended max. spindle speed
min-1
10,000
Maximum spindle speed (corresponding)
min-1
7,400
min
-1
3,000
min
-1
3,900
Idling speed
Clutch engagement speed
Carburetor
Diaphragm type
Ignition system
Non-contact, magnet type
Spark plug
type
NGK CMR4A
Electrode gap
mm
0.7 - 0.8
Vibration per
ISO 22867
Right handle
(Rear grip)
Left handle
(Front grip)
Sound pressure level average to
ISO 22868
Sound power level average to
ISO 22868
ahv eq
m/s2
2.5
5.5
Uncertainty K
m/s2
0.5
1.0
2
2.4
4.4
2
0.2
0.4
ahv eq
m/s
Uncertainty K
m/s
LPA eq
dBA
96.6
Uncertainty K
dBA
0.9
LWA eq
dBA
105.5
Uncertainty K
dBA
1.3
Fuel
Automobile gasoline (petrol)
API grade SF class or higher, SAE 10W-30 oil
(automobile 4-stroke engine oil)
Engine Oil
Cutting tools (cutter blade dia.)
mm
230
Gear ratio
14/19
8
DESIGNATION OF PARTS
EM2650LH
EM2650LHN
EM2651LH
EM2650UH
EM2650UHN
EM2651UH
5
5
4
12
12
4
9
7
7
9
8
10
11
11
10
16
13
13
14
15
14
15
GB
⑥
③
⑱
19
20
⑰
①
②
9
DESIGNATION OF PARTS
1
Fuel tank
2
Rewind starter
3
Air cleaner
4
I-O switch (on/off)
5
Spark plug
6
Exhaust muffler
7
Clutch case
8
Rear grip
9
Hanger
10
Handle
11
Control lever
12
Control cable
13
Shaft
14
Protector (Cutting tool guard)
15
Gear Case/Head case
16
Handle holder
17
Fuel filler cap
18
Starter knob
19
Exhaust pipe
20
Oil gauge
MOUNTING OF HANDLE
CAUTION: Before doing any work on the Petrol Brushcutter, always stop the
engine and pull the spark plug connector off the spark plug.
Always wear protective gloves!
CAUTION: Start the Petrol Brushcutter only after having assembled it
completely.
For machines with bike handle models
–Loosen knob (1).
(1)
–Place handle (4) between handle clamp (2) and handle holder (3).
(2)
–Adjust handle (4) to an angle that provides a comfortable working position
and then secure by firmly hand-tightening knob (1).
(4)
CAUTION: Do not forget to mount spring (5).
(3)
(5)
Engine
For machines with loop handle
– Fix a barrier (6) to the left side of the machine together with the handle for
operator protection.
– Make sure that the grip/barrier assembly is fitted between the spacer and the
arrow mark.
Engine
WARNING: Do not remove or shrink the spacer. The spacer keeps a certain
distance between both hands. Setting the grip/barrier assembly
close to the other grip beyond the length of the spacer may cause
loss of control and serious personal injury.
Arrow mark
(6)
Note: In some countries the handle may be non-barrier type.
Engine
(6)
10
MOUNTING OF PROTECTOR
To meet the applicable safety provisions, only the tool/
protector combinations as indicated in the table must be used.
Be sure to use genuine MAKITA cutter blades or
nylon cutting head.
Protector for metal blades
Metal blade
– The cutter blade must be well polished, free of cracks or
breakage. If the cutter blade hits against a stone during
operation, stop the engine and check the blade immediately.
– Polish or replace the cutter blade every three hours of operation.
– If the nylon cutting head hits against a stone during operation,
stop the engine and check the nylon cutting head immediately.
CAUTION: The appropriate protector must always be installed, for
your own safety and in order to comply with accidentprevention regulations.
Operation of the equipment without the guard being in
place is not permitted.
The outside diameter of the cutter blade must be
230 mm (9 - 1/16”). Never use any blades surpassing
230 mm (9 - 1/16”) in outside diameter.
Protector for
nylon cutting head
Nylon cutting head
– In use of the metal blade, fix the protector (3) to the clamp (2) with two bolts
M6 x 30 (1).
(1)
NOTE: Tighten the right and left bolts evenly so that the gap between the clamp
(2) and the protector (3) will be constant.
Otherwise, the protector sometimes may not function as specified.
– In cases where the nylon cord cutter is to be used, be sure to mount the
nylon cord cutter protector (4) onto the metal blade protector (3).
– Mount the nylon cord cutter protector (4) by sliding it into place from the flank
of the metal blade protector (3) as shown.
(3)
(2)
(3)
– Remove tape adhered to cutter, which cuts nylon cord, on nylon cord cutter
protector (4).
CAUTION: Be sure to push in nylon cord cutter protector (4) until it is fully
inserted.
Take care not to injure yourself on the cutter for cutting the nylon
cord.
(4)
– To remove the nylon cord cutter protector (4), apply a hex wrench into the
notch on the metal blade protector (3), push it in and meanwhile slide the
nylon cord cutter protector (4).
Hex wrench
For tools with the protector which can mount nylon cord only
– Fix the protector (3) to the clamp (2) with two bolts M6 x 30 (1).
NOTE: Tighten the right and left bolts evenly so that the gap between the clamp
(2) and the protector (3) will be constant.
Otherwise, the protector sometimes may not function as specified.
11
MOUNTING OF CUTTER BLADE OR NYLON CUTTING HEAD
Turn the machine upside down, and you can replace the cutter blade or nylon
cutting head easily.
– Insert the hex wrench through the hole in the gear case and rotate the
receiver washer (4) until it is locked with the hex wrench.
(4)
Hex wrench
– Loosen the nut (1) (left-hand thread) with the socket wrench and remove the
nut (1), cup (2), and clamp washer (3).
(3)
(2)
(1)
Mounting of cutterblade with the hex wrench still in place
CAUTION: Always use shoulder strap when using metal blade.
– Mount the cutter blade onto the shaft so that the guide of the receiver washer
(4) fits in the arbor hole in the cutter blade. Install the clamp washer (3), cup
(2), and secure the cutter blade with the nut (1).
[Tightening torque: 13 - 23 N-m]
CAUTION: Always wear gloves when handling the cutter blade.
NOTE: The cutter blade-fastening nut (with spring washer) is a consumable
part. If there appears any wear or deformation on the spring washer,
replace the nut.
Hex wrench
Mounting of nylon cutting head
Loosen
– The clamp washer (3), cup (2), and nut (1) are not necessary for mounting
the nylon cutting head. The nylon cutting head should go on top of the
receiver washer (4).
– Insert the hex wrench through the hole in the gear case and rotate the
receiver washer (4) until it is locked with the hex wrench.
Tighten
(4)
– Then screw the nylon cutting head onto the shaft by turning it counterclockwise.
– Remove the hex wrench.
Hex wrench
Loosen
Hex wrench
– Make sure that the blade is the left way up.
Rotation
12
Tighten
BEFORE START OF OPERATION
Inspection and refill of engine oil
– Perform the following procedure, with the engine cooled down.
– Set the engine level, remove oil cap (Fig. 1), and check to see whether or not there is oil in the range between the upper limit and lower limit
marks of the oil pipe (Fig. 2).
– Top up with oil to upper limit mark if oil is insufficient (oil level is close to lower limit mark) (Fig. 3).
– The area surrounding the external marks is transparent, so the amount of oil inside can be checked without having to remove the oil cap.
However, if oil pipe becomes extremely dirty, visibility may be lost, and oil level will have to be checked against stepped section on inside of
oil pipe.
– For reference, the oil refill time is about 10h (10 times or 10 tanks of oil refill).
If the oil changes in color or mixes with dirt, replace it with new one. (For the interval and method of replacement, refer to P 19)
Recommended oil:SAE 10W-30 oil of API Classification, Class SF or higher (4-stroke engine for automobile)
Oil volume:
Approx. 0.08L
Note: If the engine is not kept upright, oil may go into around the engine, and may be refilled excessively.
If the oil is filled above the limit, the oil may be contaminated or may catch fire with white smoke.
Point 1 in Replacement of oil: “Oil gauge”
– Remove dust or dirt near the oil refill port, and detach the oil gauge.
– Keep the detached oil gauge free of sand or dust. Otherwise, any sand or dust adhering to the oil gauge may cause irregular oil
circulation or wear on the engine parts, which will result in troubles.
Oil
External mark
(upper limit)
Oil cap
External mark
(lower limit)
Internal stepped
section (upper
limit)
Oil pipe
Fig. 1
Internal stepped
section (lower
limit)
Fig. 2 Oil pipe
Top up with oil until
oil level reaches
internal stepped
section (upper
limit).
Fig. 3
(1) Keep the engine level, and detach the oil cap.
(2) Fill with oil to upper limit mark. (see Fig. 3)
Use oil bottle when filling.
(3) Securely tighten the oil cap. Insufficient tightening may cause oil leakage.
13
The area between the
external upper and lower
limits is transparent, so
oil level can be checked
externally against these
marks.
● Do not replace oil with the engine in a tilted position.
Note
● Filling with oil while engine is tilted leads to overfilling which causes oil contamination and/or white smoke.
Point 2 in Replacement of oil: “If oil spills out”
–If oil spills out between the fuel tank and engine main unit, the oil is sucked into through the cooling air intake port, which will
contaminate the engine. Be sure to wipe out spilt oil before start of operation.
REFUELING
Handling of fuel
It is necessary to handle fuel with utmost care. Fuel may contain substances similar to solvents. Refueling must be performed in a sufficiently
ventilated room or in the open air. Never inhale fuel vapor, and keep fuel away from you. If you touch fuel repeatedly or for a long time, the
skin becomes dry, which may cause skin disease or allergy. If fuel enters into the eye, clean the eye with fresh water. If your eye remains still
irritated, consult your doctor.
Storage period of fuel
Fuel should be used up within a period of 4 weeks, even if it is kept in a special container in a well-ventilated shade.
If a special container is not used or if the container is not covered, fuel may deteriorate in one day.
STORAGE OF MACHINE AND REFILL TANK
–Keep the machine and tank at a cool place free from direct sunshine.
–Never keep the fuel in the cabin or trunk.
Fuel
The engine is a four-stroke engine. Be sure to use an automobile gasoline (regular gasoline or premium gasoline).
Points for fuel
–Never use a gasoline mixture which contains engine oil. Otherwise, it will cause excessive carbon accumulation or mechanical troubles.
–Use of deteriorated oil will cause irregular startup.
Refueling
WARNING: INFLAMMABLES STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Gasoline used: Automobile gasoline (unleaded gasoline)
–Loosen the tank cap a little so that there will be no difference in atmospheric
pressure.
Fuel tank cap
Fuel upper limit
–Detach the tank cap, and refuel, discharging air by tilting the fuel tank so
that the refuel port will be oriented upward. (Never refill fuel full to the oil refill
port.)
–Wipe well the periphery of the tank cap to prevent foreign matter from
entering into the fuel tank.
–After refueling, securely tighten the tank cap.
Fuel tank
● If there is any flaw or damage on the tank cap, replace it.
● The tank cap is consumable, and therefore should be renewed every two to
three years.
14
CORRECT HANDLING OF MACHINE
Attachment of shoulder strap
– Adjust the strap length so that the cutter blade will be
kept parallel with the ground.
Buckle
For EM2650UH, EM2650UHN, EM2651UH
NOTE: Be careful not to trap clothing, etc., in the buckle.
EM2650UH
EM2650UHN
EM2651UH
Detachment
For EM2650LH, EM2651LH
– In an emergency, push the notches (1) at both sides, and you can detach the
machine from you.
Be extremely careful to maintain control of the machine at this time. Do not
allow the machine to be deflected toward you or anyone in the work vicinity.
(1)
WARNING: Failure to maintain complete control of the machine at all could
result in serious bodily injury or DEATH.
Hanger
For EM2650UH, EM2650UHN, EM2651UH
– In an emergency, push the notches (2) at both sides, and
you can detach the machine from you.
Be extremely careful to maintain control of the machine
at this time. Do not allow the machine to be deflected
toward you or anyone in the work vicinity.
WARNING: F
ailure to maintain complete control of the
machine at all could result in serious bodily
injury or DEATH.
(2)
POINTS IN OPERATION AND HOW TO STOP
Observe the applicable accident prevention regulations!
STARTING
Move at least 3 m away from the place of refuelling. Place the Petrol Brushcutter on a clean piece of ground taking care that the cutting tool
does not come into contact with the ground or any other objects.
A: Cold start
1) Set this machine on a flat space.
Lock-off lever
2) Set the I-O switch (1) to OPERATION.
OPERATION
STOP
STOP
High speed
Low speed
Throttle lever
Low speed
High speed
(1)
OPERATION
Lock-off lever
Throttle lever
(1)
15
EM2650LH
EM2650LHN
EM2651LH
EM2650UH
EM2650UHN
EM2651UH
3) Primer pump
Continue to push the primer pump until fuel enters into the primer pump. (In
general, fuel enters into the primer pump by 7 to 10 pushes.)
If the primer pump is pushed excessively, an excess of gasoline returns to
the fuel tank.
Primer Pump
Carburetor
4) Recoil starter
Pull the start knob gently until it is hard to pull (compression point). Then,
return the start knob, and pull it strongly.
Never pull the rope to the full. Once the start knob is pulled, never release
your hand immediately. Hold the start knob until it returns to its original
point.
5) Warm-up operation
Continue warm-up operation for 2 to 3 minutes.
Note:In case of excessive fuel intake, remove the spark plug and pull the starter handle slowly to remove excess fuel. Also, dry the electrode
section of the spark plug.
Caution during operation:
If the throttle lever is opened fully in a no-load operation, the engine rotation is increased to 10,000 min-1 or more. Never operate the engine at a
higher speed than required and at an approximate speed of 6,000 - 8,500 min-1.
B: Startup after warm-up operation
1) Push the primer pump repeatedly.
2) Keep the throttle lever at the idling position.
3) Pull the recoil starter strongly.
4) If it is difficult to start the engine, open the throttle by about 1/3.
Pay attention to the cutter blade which may rotate.
At times, such as winter, when starting the engine
is difficult
CLOSE
Operate choke lever with the following procedure when starting engine.
● After implementing startup steps 1) to 3), set choke lever to the CLOSE
position.
● Implement startup step 4) and start engine.
● Once engine starts, set choke lever to the OPEN position.
● Implement startup step 5) and complete warm up.
CAUTION: If a bang (explosive sound) is heard and the engine stops, or the
just-started engine stalls before the choke lever is operated, return
the choke lever to the OPEN position, and pull the starter knob a
few times again to start the engine.
CAUTION: If the choke lever is left in the CLOSE position, and the starter knob
merely pulled repeatedly, to much fuel will be sucked in, and the
engine will become difficult to start.
OPEN
16
STOPPING
1) Release the throttle lever (2) fully, and when the
engine rpm has lowered, set the I-O switch to
STOP the engine will now stop.
(1)
STOP
(2)
2) Be aware that the cutting head may not stop
immediately and allow it to slow down fully.
STOP
(2)
(1)
EM2650UH
EM2650UHN
EM2651UH
EM2650LH
EM2650LHN
EM2651LH
ADJUSTMENT OF LOW-SPEED ROTATION (IDLING)
When it is necessary to adjust the low-speed rotation (idling), perform it by the carburetor adjusting screw.
CHECKUP OF LOW-SPEED ROTATION
– Set the low-speed rotation to 3,000 min-1.
If it is necessary to change the rotation speed, regulate the adjusting screw
(illustrated on the right), with Phillips screwdriver.
Carburetor
– Turn the adjusting screw to the right, and the engine rotation will increase.
Turn the adjusting screw to the left, and the engine rotation will drop.
– The carburetor is generally adjusted before shipment. If it is necessary to
readjust it, please contact Authorized Service Agent.
Adjusting
screw
RESHARPENING THE CUTTING TOOL
CAUTION: The cutting tools mentioned below must only be resharpened by an
authorized facility. Manual resharpening will result in imbalances of
the cutting tool causing vibrations and damage to the equipment.
– cutter blade
An expert resharpening and balancing service is provided by Authorized
Service Agents.
NOTE: To increase the service life of the cutter blade it may be turned over
once, until both cutting edges have become blunt.
NYLON CUTTING HEAD
The nylon cutting head is a dual string trimmer head capable of both automatic
and bump & feed mechanisms.
The nylon cutting head will automatically feed out the proper length of nylon
cord by the changes in centrifugal force caused by increasing or decreasing
rpms. However, to cut soft grass more efficiently, bump the nylon cutting head
against the ground to feed out extra cord as indicated under operation section.
Most effective cutting area
Operation
– Increase the nylon cutting head speed to approx. 6,000 min-1.
Low speed (under 4,800 min-1) is not suitable, the nylon cord will not feed out
properly at low speed.
– The most effective cutting area is shown by the shaded area.
Idle speed
If the nylon cord does not feed out automatically proceed as follows:
1. Release the throttle lever to run the engine idle and then squeeze the
throttle lever fully. Repeat this procedure until the nylon cord feeds out to
the proper length.
2. If the nylon cord is too short to feed out automatically with the above
procedure, bump the knob of the nylon cutting head against the ground to
feed out the nylon cord.
3. If the nylon cord does not feed out with procedure 2, rewind/replace the
nylon cord by following the procedures described under “Replacing the
nylon cord.”
17
Knob
Full speed
Replacing the nylon cord
– First, stop the engine.
– Press on the housing latches inward to lift off the cover, then remove the
spool.
Cover
Latches
Press
– Hook the center of new nylon cord into the notch in the center of the spool,
with one end of the cord extending about 80 mm (3 - 1/8”) more than the
other.
Then wind both ends firmly around the spool in the direction of the head
rotation (left-hand direction indicated by LH and right-hand direction by RH on
the side of the spool).
Press
Spool
80 mm (3 - 1/8”)
For left hand rotation
Spool
– Wind all but about 100 mm (3 - 15/16”) of the cords, leaving the ends
temporarily hooked through a notch on the side of the spool.
100 mm (3 - 15/16”)
Notches
– Mount the spool in the housing so that the grooves and protrusions on the
spool match up with those in the housing. Keep the side with letters on
the spool visible on the top. Now, unhook the ends of the cord from their
temporary position and feed the cords through the eyelets to come out of the
housing.
Eyelets
– Align the protrusion on the underside of the cover with the slots of the
eyelets.
Then push cover firmly onto the housing to secure it.
Cover
Protrusion
Slot of eyelet
18
SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION: Before doing any work on the Petrol Brushcutter, always stop the engine and pull the plug cap off the spark plug (see “checking the
spark plug”).
Always wear protective gloves!
To ensure a long service life and to avoid any damage to the equipment, the following servicing operations should be performed at regular
intervals.
Daily checkup and maintenance
– Before operation, check the machine for loose screws or missing parts. Pay particular attention to the tightness of the cutter blade or nylon
cutting head.
– Before operation, always check for clogging of the cooling air passage and the cylinder fins.
Clean them if necessary.
– Perform the following work daily after use:
• Clean the Petrol Brushcutter externally and inspect for damage.
• Clean the air filter. When working under extremely dusty conditions, clean the filter the severall times a day.
• Check the blade or the nylon cutting head for damage and make sure it is firmly mounted.
• Check that there is sufficient difference between idling and engagement speed to ensure that the cutting tool is at a standstill while the
engine is idling (if necessary reduce idling speed).
If under idling conditions the tool should still continue to run, consult your nearest Authorized Service Agent.
– Check the functioning of the I-O switch, the lock-off lever, the control lever, and the look button.
REPLACEMENT OF ENGINE OIL
Deteriorated engine oil will shorten the life of the sliding and rotating parts to a great extent. Be sure to check the period and quantity of
replacement.
ATTENTION: In general, the engine main unit and engine oil still remain hot just after the engine is stopped. In replacement of oil,
confirm that the engine main unit and engine oil are sufficiently cooled down. Otherwise, there may remain a risk of
scald.
Note: If the oil filled above the limit, it may be contaminated or may catch fire with white smoke.
Interval of replacement: Initially, every 20 operating hours, and subsequently every 50 operating hours
Recommended oil: SAE10W-30 oil of API Classification SF Class or higher (4-stroke engine oil for automobile)
In replacement, perform the following procedure.
1) Confirm that the fuel tank cap is tightened securely.
2) Place large container (pan, etc.) under drain hole.
Fuel tank cap
3) Remove drain bolt and then remove oil cap to drain out oil from drain hole.
At this time, be sure not to mislay drain bolt’s gasket, or to dirty any of the
removed components.
4) Once all the oil has been drained, combine gasket and drain bolt, and tightly
secure drain bolt, so that it will not loosen and cause leaks.
Oil cap
Oil cap
Drain hole
Gasket
* Use cloth to fully wipe off any oil attached to bolt and equipment.
Drain bolt
Alternative draining method
Remove oil cap, tilt Petrol Brushcutter toward oil filler hole, and drain out oil.
Collect oil in container.
19
5) Set the engine level, and gradually fill up to upper limit mark with new oil.
External mark
(upper limit)
6) After filling, tightly secure oil cap, so that it will not loosen and cause leaks.
If oil cap is not tightly secured, it may leak.
External mark
(lower limit)
Internal stepped
section (upper
limit)
Internal stepped
section (lower
limit)
Upper limit mark
Oil
POINTS ON OIL
– Never discard replaced engine oil in garbage, earth or sewage ditch. Disposal of oil is regulated by law. In disposal, always follow the
relevant laws and regulations. For any points remaining unknown, contact Authorized Service Agent.
– Oil will deteriorate even when it is kept unused. Perform inspection and replacement at regular intervals (replace with new oil every 6
months).
CLEANING OF AIR CLEANER
DANGER: INFLAMMABLES STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Plate
Interval of Cleaning and Inspection: Daily (every 10 operating hours)
– Turn the choke lever to the full close side, and keep the carburetor off from
dust or dirt.
Element (sponge)
Air cleaner
cover
– Loosen the fixing bolt.
– Remove the air cleaner cover by pulling its bottom side.
Choke
lever
– Remove the elements and tap them to remove dirt.
– If the elements are heavily contaminated:
Remove the elements, immerse them in warm water or in water-diluted
neutral detergent, and dry them completely. Do not squeeze or rub them
when washing.
– Before attaching the elements, be sure to dry them completely. Insufficient
drying of the elements may lead to difficult startup.
– Wipe out oil adhering around the air cleaner cover and the breather part with
waste cloth.
– Fit the element (sponge) into the element (felt).
Fit the elements into the plate so that the sponge faces the air cleaner cover.
– Immediately attach the cleaner cover and tighten it with fixing bolts. (In
remounting, first place the upper claw, and then the lower claw.)
NOTICE:
– Clean the elements several times a day, if excessive dust adheres to it.
Dirty elements reduce engine power and make starting engine difficult.
– Remove oil on the elements. If operation continues with the elements
remaining not cleared of oil, oil in the air cleaner may fall outside,
resulting in contamination of the environment.
– Do not put the elements on the ground or dirty place. Otherwise they
pick up dirt or debris and it may damage the engine.
– Never use fuel for cleaning the elements. Fuel may damage them.
20
Breather Part
Element (felt)
Fixing bolt
CHECKING THE SPARK PLUG
– Only use the supplied universal wrench to remove or to install the spark plug.
– The gap between the two electrodes of the spark plug should be 0.7 - 0.8 mm
(0.028” - 0.032”). If the gap is too wide or too narrow, adjust it. If the spark
plug is clogged or contaminated, clean it thoroughly or replace it.
CAUTION: Never touch the spark plug connector while the engine is running
(danger of high voltage electric shock).
0.7 mm - 0.8 mm
(0.028” - 0.032”)
SUPPLY OF GREASE TO GEAR CASE
– Supply grease (Shell Alvania 2 or equivalent) to the gear case through the
grease hole every 30 hours. (Genuine MAKITA grease may be purchased
from your MAKITA dealer.)
Gear case
Grease hole
CLEANING OF FUEL FILTER
WARNING: INFLAMMABLES STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Interval of Cleaning and Inspection: Monthly (every 50 operating hours)
Fuel pipe
Hose clamp
Suction head in the fuel tank
Check the fuel filter periodically. To check the fuel filter, follow the steps below.
(1) Remove the fuel tank cap, drain the fuel to empty the tank. Check the tank
inside for any foreign materials. If any, remove them.
Fuel filter
(2) Pull out the suction head by using a wire hook through the tank opening.
(3) If the fuel filter clogged slightly, clean it. To clean it, gently shake and tap
it in fuel. To avoid damage, do not squeeze or rub it. The fuel used for the
cleaning must be disposed in accordance with the method specified by
regulations in your country.
If the fuel filter became hard or heavily clogged up, replace it.
(4) After checking, cleaning or replacing, push the fuel filter in all the way to the
bottom of the fuel tank.
Clogged or damaged fuel filter can cause insufficient fuel supply and reduce
engine power. Replace the fuel filter at least quarterly to ensure satisfactory fuel
supply to the carburetor.
REPLACEMENT OF FUEL PIPE
CAUTION: INFLAMMABLES STRICTLY PROHIBITED
Fuel pipe
Interval of Cleaning and Inspection: Daily (every 10 operating hours)
Replacement: Annually (every 200 operating hours)
Replace the fuel pipe every year, regardless of operating frequency. Fuel
leakage may lead to fire.
If any leakage is detected during inspection, replace the oil pipe immediately.
INSPECTION OF BOLTS, NUTS AND SCREWS
– Retighten loose bolts, nuts, etc.
– Check for fuel and oil leakage.
– Replace damaged parts with new ones for safety operation.
CLEANING OF PARTS
– Keep the engine always clean.
– Keep the cylinder fins free of dust or dirt. Dust or dirt adhering to the fins will
cause piston seizure.
REPLACEMENT OF GASKETS AND PACKINGS
In reassembling after the engine is dismounted, be sure to replace the gaskets and packings with new ones.
Any maintenance of adjustment work that is not included and described in this manual is only to be performed by Authorized Service Agents.
21
STORAGE
WARNING: When draining the fuel, be sure to stop the engine and confirm that the engine cools
down.
Just after stopping the engine, it may still hot with possibility of burns, inflammability
and fire.
ATTENTION: W
hen the machine is kept out of operation for a long time, drain up all fuel from the
fuel tank and carburetor, and keep it at a dry and clean place.
– Drain up fuel from the fuel tank and carburetor according to the following
procedure:
1) R
emove the fuel tank cap, and drain fuel completely.
If there is any foreign matter remaining in the fuel tank, remove it
completely.
2) Pull out the fuel filter from the refill port using a wire.
3) P
ush the primer pump until fuel is drained from there, and drain fuel
coming into the fuel tank.
4) Reset the filter to the fuel tank, and securely tighten the fuel tank cap.
5) Then, continue to operate the engine until it stops.
Drain fuel
Humidity
– Remove the spark plug, and drip several drops of engine oil through the
spark plug hole.
– Gently pull the starter handle so that engine oil will spread over the engine,
and attach the spark plug.
– Attach the cover to the cutter blade.
– In general, store the machine in horizontal position, or if it is not possible,
place the machine as the engine comes below the cutting tool. Otherwise
engine oil may leak from inside. Pay full attention how to store the machine to
prevent the machine from falling. Otherwise it may result in personal injury.
– Keep the drained fuel in a special container in a well-ventilated shade.
Attention after long-time storage
– Before startup after long-time shutdown, be sure to replace oil (refer to P 19). Oil will deteriorate while the machine is kept out of
operation.
Fault location
Fault
System
Observation
Cause
Engine not starting or with
difficulty
Ignition system
Ignition spark O.K.
Fault in fuel supply or compression system, mechanical
defect
No ignition spark
STOP-switch operated, wiring fault or short circuit, spark
plug or connector defective, ignition module faulty
Fuel supply
Fuel tank filled
Incorrect choke position, carburetor defective, fuel supply
line bent or blocked, fuel dirty
Compression
No compression when
pulled over
Cylinder bottom gasket defective, crankshaft seals
damaged, cylinder or piston rings defective or improper
sealing of spark plug
Mechanical fault
Starter not engaging
Broken starter spring, broken parts inside of the engine
Tank filled ignition spark
existing
Carburetor contaminated, have it cleaned
Tank filled
Incorrect idling adjustment, carburetor contaminated
Warm start problems
Engine starts but dies
Fuel supply
Fuel tank vent defective, fuel supply line interrupted,
cable or STOP-switch faulty
Insufficient performance
Several systems may
simultaneously be
affected
Engine idling poor
22
Air filter contaminated, carburetor contaminated, muffler
clogged, exhaust duct in the cylinder clogged
Item
Operating time
Engine oil
Tightening parts
(bolt, nut)
Fuel tank
Before
After
operation lubrication
Daily
(10h)
30h
50h
200h
Shutdown/ Corresrest
ponding P
Inspect
13
Replace
*1
19
Inspect
21
Clean/inspect
—
Drain fuel
*3
22
Throttle lever
Check function
—
Stop switch
Check function
17
Cutting blade
Inspect
11
Low-speed rotation
Inspect/adjust
17
Air cleaner
Clean
20
Ignition plug
Inspect
21
Cooling air duct
Clean/inspect
21
Inspect
21
Fuel pipe
Replace
*2
—
Gear-case grease
Refill
21
Fuel filter
Clean/replace
21
Clearance between air intake
Adjust
valve and air discharge valve
*2
—
Engine overhaul
*2
—
Carburetor
Drain fuel
*3
*1 Perform initial replacement after 20h operation.
*2 For the 200 operating hour inspection, request Authorized Service Agent or a machine shop.
*3 After emptying the fuel tank, continue to run the engine and drain fuel in the carburetor.
23
22
TROUBLESHOOTING
Before making a request for repairs, check a trouble for yourself. If any abnormality is found, control your machine according to the description
of this manual. Never tamper or dismount any part contrary to the description. For repairs, contact Authorized Service Agent or local dealership.
State of abnormality
Probable cause (malfunction)
Failure to operate primer pump
Push 7 to 10 times
Low pulling speed of starter rope
Pull strongly
Lack of fuel
Feed fuel
Clogged fuel filter
Clean
Bent fuel tube
Straighten fuel tube
Deteriorated fuel
Deteriorated fuel makes starting more difficult.
Replace with new one. (Recommended
replacement: 1 month)
Excessive suction of fuel
Set throttle lever from medium speed to high
speed, and pull starter handle until engine
starts. Once engine starts, cutter blade
starts rotating. Pay full attention to cutter
blade.
If engine will not start still, remove spark plug,
make electrode dry, and reassemble them as
they originally are. Then, start as specified.
Detached plug cap
Attach securely
Contaminated spark plug
Clean
Abnormal clearance of spark plug
Adjust clearance
Other abnormality of spark plug
Replace
Abnormal carburetor
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Starter rope cannot be pulled
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Abnormal drive system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Insufficient warm-up
Perform warm-up operation
Choke lever is set to “CLOSE” although
engine is warmed up.
Set to “OPEN”
Clogged fuel filter
Clean or replace
Contaminated or clogged air cleaner
Clean
Abnormal carburetor
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Abnormal drive system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Engine does not start
Engine stops soon
Engine speed does not increase
Cutter blade does not rotate
Stop engine immediately
Main unit vibrates abnormally
Stop engine immediately
Cutter blade does not stop immediately
Stop engine immediately
Engine does not stop
Remedy
Loosened cutter blade-tightening nut
Tighten securely
Twigs caught by cutter blade or dispersionpreventing cover.
Remove foreign matter
Abnormal drive system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Broken, bent or worn cutter blade
Replace cutter blade
Loosened cutter blade-tightening nut
Tighten securely
Shifted convex part of cutter blade and cutter
blade support fitting.
Attach securely
Abnormal drive system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
High idling rotation
Adjust
Detached throttle wire
Attach securely
Abnormal drive system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Detached connector
Attach securely
Abnormal electric system
Make request for inspection and maintenance.
Run engine at idling, and set choke lever
to CLOSE
When the engine does not start after warm-up operation:
If there is no abnormality found for the check items, open the throttle by about 1/3 and start the engine.
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Makita Corporation
Anjo, Aichi, Japan
884951F229
ALA
www.makita.com
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