Axis | Network Camera AXIS 221 | User`s manual | Axis Network Camera AXIS 221 User`s manual

Axis Network Camera AXIS 221 User`s manual
AXIS 221 Network Camera
User’s Manual
About this Document
This manual is intended for administrators and users of the
AXIS 221 Network Camera, and is applicable for software
release 4.45. It includes instructions for using and managing
the AXIS 221 on your network. Previous experience of
networking will be of use when using this product. Some
knowledge of UNIX or Linux-based systems may also be
beneficial, for developing shell scripts and applications. Later
versions of this document will be posted to the Axis Website,
as required. See also the product’s online help, available via
the Web-based interface.
Safety Notices Used In This Manual
Caution! - Indicates a potential hazard that can damage the
product.
Important! - Indicates a hazard that can seriously impair
operation.
Do not proceed beyond any of the above notices until you
have fully understood the implications.
Intellectual Property Rights
Axis AB has intellectual property rights relating to
technology embodied in the product described in this
document. In particular, and without limitation, these
intellectual property rights may include one or more of the
patents listed at http://www.axis.com/patent.htm and one or
more additional patents or pending patent applications in the
US and other countries.
This product contains source code copyright Apple Computer,
Inc., under the terms of Apple Public Source License 2.0 (see
http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/).
The source code is available from:
http://developer.apple.com/darwin/projects/rendezvous/
Legal Considerations
Video surveillance can be prohibited by laws that vary from
country to country. Check the laws in your local region
before using this product for surveillance purposes.
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance
with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the
equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct
the interference by one or more of the following measures:
Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna. Increase the
separation between the equipment and receiver. Connect the
equipment to an outlet on a different circuit to the receiver.
Consult your dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician
for help. Shielded (STP) network cables must be used with
this unit to ensure compliance with EMC standards.
USA - This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a Class B computing device pursuant to
Subpart B of Part 15 of FCC rules, which are designed to
provide reasonable protection against such interference when
operated in a commercial environment. Operation of this
equipment in a residential area is likely to cause interference,
in which case the user at his/her own expense will be
required to take whatever measures may be required to
correct the interference.
Canada - This Class B digital apparatus complies with
Canadian ICES-003.
Europe -
This digital equipment fulfills the
requirements for radiated emission according to limit B of
EN55022/1998, and the requirements for immunity according
to EN55024/1998 residential, commercial, and industry.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
Japan - This is a class B product based on the standard of the
Voluntary Control Council for Interference from Information
Technology Equipment (VCCI). If this is used near a radio or
television receiver in a domestic environment, it may cause radio
interference. Install and use the equipment according to the
instruction manual.
Australia - This electronic device meets the requirements of the
Radio communications (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Standard
AS/NZS CISPR22.
Liability
Every care has been taken in the preparation of this manual.
Please inform your local Axis office of any inaccuracies or
omissions. Axis Communications AB cannot be held responsible
for any technical or typographical errors and reserves the right to
make changes to the product and manuals without prior notice.
Axis Communications AB makes no warranty of any kind with
regard to the material contained within this document, including,
but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and
fitness for a particular purpose. Axis Communications AB shall
not be liable nor responsible for incidental or consequential
damages in connection with the furnishing, performance or use of
this material.
Trademark Acknowledgments
Ethernet, Internet Explorer, Linux, Microsoft, Mozilla, OS/2,
UNIX, Wfine, Windows, WWW are registered trademarks of the
respective holders. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos
are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
in the United States and other countries. Axis Communications
AB is independent of Sun Microsystems Inc. UPnPTM is a
certification mark of the UPnPTM Implementers Corporation.
Support
Should you require any technical assistance, please contact your
Axis reseller. If your questions cannot be answered immediately,
your reseller will forward your queries through the appropriate
channels to ensure a rapid response. If you are connected to the
Internet, you can:
• download user documentation and firmware updates
• find answers to resolved problems in the FAQ database. Search
by product, category, or phrases
• report problems to Axis support by logging in to your private
support area
• visit Axis Support at www.axis.com/techsup/
Safety Notice - Battery Replacement
The AXIS 221 uses a 3.0V CR2032 Lithium battery as the power
supply for its internal real-time clock (RTC). Under normal
conditions this battery will last for a minimum of 5 years. Low
battery power affects the operation of the RTC, causing it to reset
at every power-up. A log message will appear when the battery
needs replacing.
The battery should not be replaced unless required!
If the battery does need replacing, please observe the following:
• Danger of Explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced
• Replace only with the same or equivalent battery, as
recommended by the manufacturer.
• Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's
instructions
AXIS 221 User’s Manual
Revision 3.1
Part No: 32817
August 2008
Copyright© Axis Communications AB, 2005- 2008
AXIS 221
Contents
Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Accessing the Camera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Access from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Setting the root password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Accessing the camera from the Internet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Focusing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
The Live View page . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Video Streams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Video stream types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
MPEG-4 protocols and communication methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
How to stream MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
The AXIS Media Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Other methods of accessing the video stream . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Setup Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Accessing the setup tools from a browser . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Video and Image Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Image Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Overlay/Mask Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Advanced settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Live View Config . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
HTML Examples. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
External Video. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Sequence Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Event Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Event Servers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Configuring Event Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Camera Tampering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Motion Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Port Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
System Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Security - Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Security - 802.1x . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Date & Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
3
4
AXIS 221
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Network - SOCKS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Network - QoS (Quality of Service). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Network - SMTP (email). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Network - SNMP. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Network - UPnP™ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Network - RTP (Multicast)/MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Network - Bonjour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Ports & Devices. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
LED Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Advanced. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
About . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Unit Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
I/O Terminal connector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Power connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
The RS-232 connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Checking the Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Upgrading the Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Emergency Recovery Procedure. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Replacing the lens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Removing and attaching the lens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Technical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
General performance considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Optimizing your system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Frame rates - Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Bandwidth. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Glossary of Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
AXIS 221 - Product Features
Product Features
The AXIS 221 is part of the latest generation of fully featured Axis Network Cameras,
based on the AXIS ARTPEC-2 compression chip. It features a DC-Iris and supports Power
over Ethernet. It also features a metal casing and an infrared (IR) filter for day and night
operation.
Video from the camera is made available on the network as a real-time, full frame rate
Motion JPEG stream and/or MPEG-4 video stream. The camera includes Video Motion
Detection, which can be used to trigger e.g. image uploads when there is activity in the
video image. Uploads can also be scheduled to run at specified times. Security features
include IP address filtering, encrypted browsing with HTTPS and multilevel password
protection.
The AXIS 221 is equipped with two alarm inputs and one output, which can be connected
to various external devices, e.g. door sensors and alarm bells.
Video can be viewed in various different resolutions. Up to 20 viewers can access the AXIS
221 simultaneously when using Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 unicast. The number of
simultaneous viewers can be increased by using multicast MPEG-4.
Each MPEG-4 viewer requires a separate MPEG-4 decoder license, of which one is
included. Additional licenses can be purchased separately from your Axis dealer. If using
other clients to view the MPEG-4 video stream, no further MPEG-4 decoder licenses are
required.
The camera has a built-in Web server, providing full access to all features through the use
of a standard web browser. The built-in scripting tool allows the creation of basic
applications. For advanced functionality, the camera can be accessed via the AXIS HTTP
API (more info at www.axis.com/developer).
5
6
AXIS 221 - Product Features
The AXIS 221 features a varifocal lens with DC-Iris, which automatically regulates the
amount of light entering the camera. Tele/wide and focus are adjusted manually with the
aid of the pullers mounted on the lens. The AXIS 221 is also available without a lens.
The AXIS 221 can be powered from the network cabling and supports Power over Ethernet
(PoE) network transformers conforming to IEEE 802.3af.
Overview
Status
indicator
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
Focus puller
Serial number
on underside
label
DC-Iris
DC-Iris control cable
Rear panel
10-pin I/O terminal
connector
RS-485
connector
Reset
button
Power indicator
Network indicator
Network
connector
(also PoE)
Power
connector
block
AC AC
PS-K Power adapter
connector*
RS-232
connector
Connect AC power (10-24V) on pins 2 and 3.
GND DC+
Connect DC power (7-24V) on pins 1 and 2.
*only use the supplied PS-K power adapter
DC-Iris control cable
AXIS 221 - Product Features
Power adapter connector - for connection of the PS-K power adapter (included).
Power connector block - for connection of a power supply. See Power connections, on
page 48 .
I/O terminal connector - The I/O terminal connector provides the physical interface to one
solid state relay output, two digital photo-coupled inputs, RS-485 and an auxiliary
connection point for DC power. For more information, see Unit Connectors, on page 46.
Network connector - The AXIS 221 connects to the network via a standard network cable,
and automatically detects the speed of the local network segment (10BaseT/100BaseTX
Ethernet). This socket can also be used to power the AXIS 221 via PoE (Power over
Ethernet). The camera also negotiates the correct power level when using PoE.
RS-232 connector - Single 9-pin D-SUB RS-232 connector, max 115 kbit/s, half-duplex.
Serial number - This number is used during installation.
Reset button - Press this button to install the AXIS 221 using the AXIS Internet Dynamic
DNS Service (see the installation guide), or to restore the camera to its factory default
settings, as described in Resetting to the Factory Default Settings, on page 45.
LED indicators
After completion of the startup and self test routines, the multi-colored Network, Status,
and Power LED indicators flash as follows:
Network
Status
Power
Amber
Steady for connection to 10 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
Green
Steady for connection to 100 Mbit/s network. Flashes for network activity.
Unlit
No connection.
Green
Shows steady green for normal operation. Can be configured to flash green at intervals
whenever the camera is accessed. See the online help for more information.
Amber
Shows steady amber during reset to factory default or when restoring settings.
Red
Slow flash for failed firmware upgrade (see Emergency Recovery Procedure, on page 51).
Unlit
When configured for “no flash” on camera access.
Green
Normal operation.
Amber
Flashes green/amber during firmware upgrade.
7
8
AXIS 221 - Accessing the Camera
Accessing the Camera
Follow the instructions in the AXIS 221 Installation Guide to install the camera.
The camera can be accessed with most standard operating systems and browsers. The
recommended browser is Internet Explorer for Windows, and Mozilla with other operating
systems. See also the Technical Specifications, on page 56.
Note: To view streaming video in Microsoft Internet Explorer, you must set your browser to allow the AXIS Media
Control (AMC) to be installed on your computer. The first time an MPEG-4 video stream is accessed AMC
also installs an MPEG-4 decoder for viewing the video streams. As a license is required for each instance of
the decoder, the product administrator may have disabled the installation. See page 21 for more information. If your workstation restricts the use of additional software components, the camera can be configured
to use a Java applet for updating JPEG images. See the online help for more information.
Access from a browser
1. Start a browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Mozilla)
2. Enter the IP address or host name
of the camera in the
Location/Address field of your
browser.
3. If this is the first time the camera is
accessed, see Setting the root password, on page 9. Otherwise enter your user
name and password, as set by the administrator.
4. The camera’s Live View page is now displayed in your browser.
Note: The layout of the live view page in the camera may have been customized to meet specific requirements.
Consequently, some of the examples and functions featured here may differ from those displayed on your
own Live View page.
AXIS 221 - Accessing the Camera
Setting the root password
1. When accessing the camera for the first
time, the ‘Configure Root Password’
dialog will be displayed on the screen.
2. Enter a password and then re-enter it, to
confirm the spelling. Click OK.
3. The Enter Network Password dialog will appear. Enter the User name: root
Note: The default administrator user name root is permanent and cannot be
deleted or altered.
4. Enter the password as set in step 2 above, and click OK. If the password is lost,
the camera must be reset to the factory default settings. See page 45.
5. If required, click Yes to install the AXIS Media Control (AMC). You will need
administrator rights on the computer to do this.
Accessing the camera from the Internet
Once installed, the camera is accessible on your local network (LAN). To access the camera from the Internet you must
configure your router/firewall to allow incoming data traffic. For security reasons this is usually done on a specific
port. Please refer to the documentation for your router/firewall for further instructions.
For more information, please visit the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service at www.axiscam.net or, for Technical notes
on this and other topics, visit the Axis Support Web at www.axis.com/techsup
Focusing
To focus the AXIS 221, follow the instructions below.
1. From the Basic Configuration page in the setup tools, open the Focus adjustment
page.
2. Set the DC-Iris to Disabled
and click Save.
3. Unscrew the zoom puller on
the lens by turning it
anti-clockwise. Adjust the
zoom setting as required.
Re-tighten the zoom puller.
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
Focus puller
4. Unscrew the focus puller on
the lens. Adjust the focus as
required. Re-tighten the focus puller.
5. From the Focus adjustment page, set the DC-Iris to Enabled and click Save.
Note: The DC-Iris should always be disabled while focusing the camera. This opens the iris to its maximum, which
gives the smallest depth of field and thus the best conditions for correct focusing. When the focus is set
with this method it will then be maintained in any light conditions.
9
10 AXIS 221 - Accessing the Camera
The Live View page
Depending on whether or not the Live View page has been customized, the buttons
described below may or may not be visible.
The Video Format drop-down list allows the video format on the Live View
page to be temporarily changed.
The Output buttons, Pulse and Active/Inactive below, control the output directly from
the Live View page. These buttons are configured under Setup > Live View Config >
Layout.
Pulse - click this button to activate the output for a defined period of time, e.g.
to switch on a light for 20 seconds.
Active/Inactive - click these buttons to manually start and stop a connected
device, e.g. switch a light on/off.
These buttons start and stop the Sequence Mode. This mode is created in
Setup > Live View Config > Sequence mode, and automatically displays the
view from 2 or more video sources at set intervals.
From the Source list, select the desired external video source. Note
that Sequence Mode must be stopped before selecting a source from
this list.
The Trigger buttons can trigger an event directly from the Live View page.
These are configured under Setup > Live View Config > Layout.
The Snapshot button saves a snapshot of the image currently being displayed.
Right-click on the video image to save it in JPEG format on your computer.
This button is intended for use when the AMC viewer toolbar is not available.
The AMC (AXIS Media Control) viewer toolbar is available in Microsoft Internet
Explorer only. It displays the following buttons:
Play/Stop buttons - start and stops the live video stream.
The Snapshot button saves a snapshot of the video image currently being
displayed. The Snapshot function and the target directory for saving snapshots
can be configured from the AMC Control Applet in the Windows Control
Panel (Internet Explorer only).
The record button is used to record the current (MPEG-4) video stream. The
location where the image file is saved can be specified using the AMC control
panel. To enable recording, Select Live View Config > Viewer Settings >
Enable recording button.
AXIS 221 - Accessing the Camera
Click the View Full Screen button to make the video image fill the entire
screen area. No other windows will be visible. Press Esc (Escape) on the
computer keyboard to exit full screen.
11
12 AXIS 221 - Video Streams
Video Streams
The AXIS 221 provides several different image and video formats. The type to use depends
on your requirements and on the properties of your network.
The Live View page in the AXIS 221 provides access to Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video
streams, as well as to single JPEG images. Other applications and clients can also access
these video streams/images directly, without going via the Live View page.
Video stream types
Motion JPEG
This format uses standard JPEG still images in the video stream. These images are then
displayed and updated at a rate sufficient to create a stream that shows constantly updated
motion.
The Motion JPEG stream uses considerable amounts of bandwidth, but also provides
excellent image quality and access to each and every individual image contained in the
stream.
Note also that multiple clients accessing Motion JPEG streams can use different image
settings.
MPEG-4
This is a video compression standard that makes good use of bandwidth, and which can
provide high-quality video streams at less than 1 Mbit/s.
The MPEG-4 standard provides scope for a large range of different coding tools for use by
various applications in different situations, and the AXIS 221 provides certain subsets of
these tools. These are represented as Video object types, which are selected for use with
different viewing clients. The supported video object types are:
• Simple - sets the coding type to H.263, as used by e.g. QuickTime™.
• Advanced Simple - sets the coding type to MPEG-4 Part 2, as used by AMC (AXIS
Media Control)
When using MPEG-4 it is also possible to control the bit rate, which in turn allows the
amount of bandwidth usage to be controlled. CBR (Constant Bit Rate) is used to achieve a
specific bit rate by varying the quality of the MPEG-4 stream. When using VBR (Variable
Bit Rate), the quality of the video stream is kept as constant as possible, at the cost of a
varying bit rate.
Notes:
•MPEG-4 is licensed technology. The AXIS 221includes one viewing client license. Installing
additional unlicensed copies of the viewing client is prohibited. To purchase additional licenses,
contact your Axis reseller.
•All clients viewing the MPEG-4 stream must use the same set of coding tools.
AXIS 221 - Video Streams
MPEG-4 protocols and communication methods
To deliver live streaming video over IP networks, various combinations of transport
protocols and broadcast methods are employed.
• RTP (Realtime Transport Protocol) is a protocol that allows programs to manage the
real-time transmission of multimedia data, via unicast or multicast.
• RTSP (Real Time Streaming Protocol) serves as a control protocol, to negotiate which
transport protocol to use for the stream. RTSP is thus used by a viewing client to start a
unicast session, see below.
• UDP (User Datagram Protocol) is a communications protocol that offers limited service
for exchanging data in a network that uses the Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). The advantage of UDP is that it is not
required to deliver all data and may drop network packets when there is e.g. network
congestion. This is suitable for live video, as there is no point in re-transmitting old
information that will not be displayed anyway.
• Unicasting is communication between a single sender and a single receiver over a network. This means that the video stream goes independently to each user, and each user
gets their own stream. A benefit of unicasting is that if one stream fails, it only affects
one user.
• Multicast is bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces bandwidth usage by simultaneously delivering a single stream of information to multiple network recipients. This
technology is used primarily on delimited networks (intranets), as each user needs an
uninterrupted data flow and should not rely on network routers.
How to stream MPEG-4
Deciding on the combination of protocols and methods to use depends on your viewing
requirements, and on the properties of your network. Setting the preferred method(s) is
done in the control applet for AMC, which is found in the Windows Control Panel. When
this has been set, AMC will test all the selected methods in the specified order, until the
first functioning one is found.
RTP+RTSP
This method (actually RTP over UDP and RTSP over TCP) should be your first consideration
for live video, especially when it is important to always have an up-to-date video stream,
even if some images are lost due to network problems. This can be configured as multicast
or unicast.
Multicasting provides the most efficient usage of bandwidth, especially when there are
large numbers of clients viewing simultaneously. Note however, that a multicast broadcast
cannot pass a network router unless the router is configured to allow this. It is thus not
possible to multicast over e.g. the Internet.
13
14 AXIS 221 - Video Streams
Unicasting should be used for video-on-demand broadcasting, so that there is no video
traffic on the network until a client connects and requests the stream. However, as more
and more unicast clients connect, the traffic on the network will increase and may cause
congestion. Although there is a maximum of 20 unicast viewers, note that all multicast
users combined count as 1 unicast viewer.
RTP/RTSP
This unicast method is RTP tunneled over RTSP. This can be used to exploit the fact that it
is relatively simple to configure firewalls to allow RTSP traffic.
RTP/RTSP/HTTP or RTP/RTSP/HTTPS
These two methods can also be used to traverse firewalls. Firewalls are commonly
configured to allow the HTTP protocol, thus allowing RTP to be tunneled.
The AXIS Media Control
The recommended method of accessing live video (MPEG-4 and/or Motion JPEG) from the
AXIS 221 is to use the AXIS Media Control (AMC) in Microsoft Internet Explorer for
Windows. This ActiveX component is automatically installed on first use, after which it
can be configured by opening the AMC Control Panel applet from the Windows Control
Panel. Alternatively, right-click the video image in Internet Explorer.
Other methods of accessing the video stream
Video/images from the AXIS 221 can also be accessed in the following ways:
• If supported by the client, the AXIS 221 can use Motion JPEG server push to display
video. This option maintains an open HTTP connection to the browser and sends data as
and when required, for as long as required.
• As single JPEG images in a browser. Enter e.g. the path: http://<IP
address>/axis-cgi/jpg/image.cgi?resolution=320x240
• Windows Media Player. This requires AMC and the MPEG-4 decoder to be installed. The
paths that can be used are listed below in the order of preference.
• Unicast via RTP: axrtpu://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP: axrtsp://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTP: axrtsphttp://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Unicast via RTSP, tunneled via HTTPS: axrtsphttps://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
• Multicast: axrtpm://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
AXIS 221 - Video Streams
Other MPEG-4 clients
Although it may be possible to use other clients to view the MPEG-4 stream, this is not
guaranteed by Axis.
For some other clients, e.g. QuickTime™ the Video Object Type must be set to Simple. It
may also be necessary to adjust the advanced MPEG-4 settings.
To assess the video stream from e.g. QuickTime™ the following path can be used:
rtsp://<IP address>/mpeg4/media.amp
This path is for all supported methods, and the client will negotiate with the AXIS 221 to
determine exactly which transport protocol to use.
15
16 AXIS 221 - Setup Tools
Setup Tools
The AXIS 221 is configured from the setup tools, which are available from the link in the
web interface. The setup tools can be used by:
• Administrators, who have unrestricted access to all the Setup tools
• Operators, who have access to the Video & Image, Live View Config and Event Configuration settings.
Accessing the setup tools from a browser
Follow the instructions below to access the Setup Tools from a browser.
1. Start your browser and enter the IP
address or host name of the camera
in the location/address field.
2. The Live View page is now
displayed. Click Setup to display the Setup tools.
Setup tools
AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
Video and Image Settings
The following descriptions show examples of some of the features available in the
AXIS 221. For details of each setting, please refer to the online help available from the
to access the online help.
setup tools. Click
Image Settings
Image Appearance
Adjust these settings to optimize the video images according to your requirements.
All configuration of images and overlays will affect the camera’s overall performance,
depending on how it is used and on the available bandwidth. Lower compression improves
video image quality, but increases the bandwidth.
Changed video image settings have immediate effect on the MPEG-4 stream, but the
Motion JPEG stream will have to be started (or restarted) before the settings take effect.
Text Overlay Settings
The date, time, and user defined text can be included on one line, either on the top or
bottom of the video image.
It is also possible to set how the text and text background are displayed. You can set the
text to be either black or white, and the text background can also be set to black, white,
semi-transparent, or transparent.
17
18 AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
Please see the online help
for further information on these settings.
Video Stream
Define the maximum video stream time per session in seconds, minutes or hours. When
the set time has expired, a new stream can be started by refreshing the page in the Web
browser. For unlimited video stream time, set this value to 0. This setting is only applicable
to Motion JPEG.
The frame rate allowed to each viewer can also be limited, to avoid bandwidth problems
on the network.
Test
To preview the image before saving, click Test. Note that the preview image will be in
JPEG format, even though the settings are valid both for Motion JPEG and MPEG-4.
Overlay/Mask
Settings
Overlay/Mask Type
When using an image
overlay, select from the
following options the type
to use:
Text, date and
time overlays
Overlay image
• Uploaded image as overlay - usually used to provide extra information in
the video image.
• Uploaded image as privacy mask - conceals
part of the video image.
• Configurable areas as
privacy masks - up to 3
black areas are used to conceal parts of the video image.
The difference between an overlay and a privacy mask is that a privacy mask cannot be
bypassed by accessing the video stream with the help of the AXIS HTTP API, whereas an
overlay can.
Selecting the overlay/mask type will display further settings available for the selected type.
See the online help for further information.
AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
Upload and use an overlay
To upload an overlay image to the camera:
1. Select the type of overlay to use in Overlay/Mask Type.
2. In the field Upload own image, click the Browse button and locate the image file
on your computer or server.
3. Click the Upload button and follow the on-screen instructions.
To use an already uploaded image:
1. Select an uploaded image from the Use image drop-down list.
2. Place the image at the required location by entering the x and y coordinates.
3. Click Save.
Overlay image requirements
Image Formats
Image Size
•
Windows 24-bit BMP (full color)
•
Windows 4-bit BMP (16 colors)
The height and width of the overlay image in
pixels must be exactly divisible by 4.
There are a number of limitations when using overlay images, such as the size and
positioning of images. Please refer to the online help for more information.
19
20 AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
Advanced settings
These web pages include different settings for fine-tuning the video image.
Camera settings
To compensate for the Lighting Conditions, the Color level, the Brightness, the
Sharpness, the Contrast, and the Exposure control, the Exposure area and the IR cut filter
can all be adjusted. DC-Iris should always be enabled, except when focusing, or when
using a non-DC-Iris lens.
The settings for Low Light Behavior determine how the camera will behave at low light
levels. These settings all affect video image quality and are basically a measure of how
much noise to allow in the video images.
Please see the online help
for further information on these settings.
AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
MPEG-4 Settings
These are the tools for adjusting the MPEG-4 settings and controlling the video bit rate.
The MPEG-4 standard provides many different coding tools for various applications in
different situations. As most MPEG-4 clients do not support all of these tools, it is usual to
instead define and use subsets for different clients or groups of clients. These settings allow
you to define the type of viewing client to use.
Adjusting the maximum bit rate and setting it to variable or constant is a good way of
controlling the bandwidth used by the MPEG-4 video stream.
For more information on these advanced settings, please see the online help, and Video
stream types, on page 12.MJPEG Settings
21
22 AXIS 221 - Video and Image Settings
MJPEG Settings
The MJPEG Settings window is used to control the frame size of the video stream in order
to improve either image quality or save bandwidth.
Frame Size Control - Use Frame Size Control to set the maximum frame size to unlimited
for best image quality, or to a limited number of Kbytes. The default is set to unlimited.
Preview Image Settings - Use Preview Image Settings to view the current compression
and frame size settings in the text overlay at the top of the image.
AXIS 221 - Live View Config
Live View Config
These are the tools for deciding the
layout of the camera’s Live View page.
The layout can be set in 3 ways:
• Use Axis look - the layout is
unchanged.
• Use custom settings - modify the
default Live View page with your
own colors, images etc. Click the
Configure button and see below.
• Own Home Page - Use your own
custom page as the default web
page. Click the Configure button
and see the following page.
The other settings on this page concern
which other features to include, e.g.
buttons and links. See page 24 for more
information.
Use custom settings
Adjust the settings under
Modify the Axis look, to
change the background
picture, banner, colors, etc.
To use your own file for e.g. a
banner, first upload it (see the
following page) or select
External and enter the path
to the file.
Note that unchecking the box
for Show setup link will
remove the setup link from
the camera’s Home Page. The
setup tools will then only be
accessible by entering the full
setup address into the address/URL field of a browser, i.e.
http://<ip address>/operator/basic.shtml
23
24 AXIS 221 - Live View Config
Upload Own Web Files
Your own background pictures, banners and logos can either be located externally on e.g.
a network server, or they can be uploaded to the AXIS 221 itself. Once uploaded, files are
shown in the drop-down lists for Own (file). Follow these instructions to upload a file.
1. Click the Upload/Remove button in the Custom settings dialog.
2. Enter the path to the file, e.g. a file located on your computer or click the Browse
button.
3. Select the user level for the uploaded file. Setting the user access level means that
you have complete control over which pages can be viewed by which users.
4. When the path is shown correctly in the text field, click the Upload button.
All uploaded files are shown in the list in the lower section of this dialog. To remove a file,
check the box provided next to it and then click the Remove button.
Own home page
From Live View Layout, select the radio button Use custom settings and click Configure.
Check the box Use own home page at the bottom of this dialog, To use a previously
uploaded web page (see above) as the default home page, select the page from the
drop-down list and click OK.
User-defined Links
Enter a descriptive
name and enter the
URL in the provided
field.
Example
1. Check Show custom
link 1
2. Enter a descriptive
name, e.g. My
Website
User-defined link
3. Check the radio
button for web link
4. Enter the web link:
e.g. http://www.example.com
5. Click Save.
This link will then be shown on the Live View page and will open the specified web site.
AXIS 221 - Live View Config
User-defined CGI links can be used to issue advanced commands via the Axis HTTP API.
For more information, see the Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
Action Buttons
The manual trigger buttons can be used to manually trigger and stop an event from the
Live View page. See Event Configuration, on page 27.
Enabling the display of the Snapshot button allows users to save a snapshot from the
video stream by clicking this button. This button is mainly intended for use with browsers
other than Internet Explorer for Windows, or when otherwise not using ActiveX to view
the video stream. The ActiveX viewing component (AXIS Media Control) for Internet
Explorer provides its own snapshot button.
Output Buttons
These buttons can then be used to manually activate the output from the Live View page,
e.g. to switch a light on and off. There are 2 options for how the output is activated:
• The Pulse button activates the output for a defined period
• Active/Inactive displays 2 buttons, one for each action (on/off)
Default Video Format
Select default video format from the drop-down list. Checking the box for Show video
format selection displays a drop-down list on the Live View page allowing you to
temporarily change the format.
Default Viewer
When using Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) for Windows, select your preferred method of
viewing moving images. The options are:
• AMC(ActiveX)- This is the best choice for fast image updating in Internet
Explorer, but might not be possible on computers that have restriction on the
installation of additional software.
• QuickTime - For use with MPEG-4 only, select this to use the QuickTIme plug-in
for Microsoft Internet Explorer.
• Java applet - This alternative uses a Java applet to update the images in the
browser.
• Still Image - Displays still images only. Hit the Refresh button in your browser to
view a new image.
When using any other browser than Internet Explorer for Windows, select the appropriate
method from the drop-down list for viewing images. The available options are similar to
Internet Explorer except for Server Push. With this method, the camera maintains and
controls an open HTTP connection to the browser and sends data as and when required for
as long as required. Please see the online help
for more information.
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26 AXIS 221 - Live View Config
Viewer settings
Checking the Show viewer toolbar displays the viewer toolbar under the video stream in
your browser. By checking the Enable MPEG-4 decoder installation box, it is also possible
for the Administrator to enable or disable the installation of the MPEG-4 decoder. This is
used to prevent the installation of unlicensed copies. Further decoder licenses can be
purchased from your Axis dealer.
HTML Examples
You can add live video from the camera to your own web site. The camera can transmit a
Motion JPEG or unicast MPEG-4 stream to up to 20 simultaneous connections, although
an administrator can restrict this to fewer. If multicast MPEG-4 is used, the video stream
will be available to an unlimited number of viewers connected to the parts of the network
where multicast is enabled. Please note that a separate MPEG-4 license is required for each
viewer.
Enter the Video Format, Image Type, Image Size and other settings to suit your Web page
and click Update. The camera then generates the required source code for your
configuration. Copy this code and paste it into your own Web page code.
External Video
The camera can also display video images from other Axis network cameras and video
servers, directly on the Live View page. These are known as External Video sources. These
external video sources are available from the drop-down list on the Live View page.
Click the Add button to open the External Video Source Setup dialog, which is used to
make all the necessary settings. Enter the IP address or host name of the external video
source you wish to add. Depending on the external source, then select either MPEG-2,
MPEG-4 or Motion JPEG as the type of video stream to receive.
Example of a path to an external video source:
http://192.168.0.125/axis-cgi/mjpeg/video.cgi
Sequence Mode
The Live View page can be configured to cycle through the internal and selected external
video sources, in order, or randomly.
Select the desired video sources and enter the time in seconds to display each
source (up to 59 minutes). Click Save.
The Sequence buttons that appear on the Live View page are used to start and stop
the sequence mode.
Please see the online help for more information.
AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Event Configuration
An event in the camera is when an Event Type is activated and causes certain actions to
be performed. The event type is the set of parameters (or conditions) that specifies how and
when which actions will be performed. A common event type is when the camera uploads
images when an alarm occurs. Many event types use an Event Server, to e.g. upload
images to.
This section describes how to set up event servers and event types, i.e. how to configure the
camera to perform certain actions when events (e.g. alarms) occur.
Definitions
Event type
A set of parameters describing how and when the camera will perform certain actions
Triggered Event - see page 28
An event that is started by some sort of signal, e.g. from an external device, such as a door
switch, motion detection, system event, etc.
Scheduled Event - see page 29 Pre-programmed time period(s) during which an event will run.
That which occurs when the event runs, e.g. the upload of images to an FTP server, e-mail notification, etc.
Action
Event Servers
Event Servers are used to receive e.g. uploaded image files and/or notification messages. To
set up Event server connections in your camera, go to Setup > Event Configuration >
Event Servers and enter the required information for the required server type.
Server type
Purpose
Information required
FTP Server
• Receives uploaded images
• Descriptive name of your choice
• Network address (IP address or host name)
• User name and password (for FTP server)
HTTP Server
• Receives notification messages
• Receives uploaded images
• Descriptive name of your choice
• URL (IP address or host name)
• User name and password (for HTTP server)
TCP Server
• Receives notification messages
• Descriptive name of your choice
• Network address (IP address or host name)
• Port number
For details on each setting, please see the online help
available from each web page.
When the setup is complete, the connection can be tested by clicking the Test button (the
connection test takes approximately 10 seconds).
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28 AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Configuring Event
Types
An Event Type describes
how and when the camera
will perform certain actions.
Example: If somebody passes in
front of the camera, and an event that
uses motion detection has been configured to act on this, the camera can
e.g. record and save images to an FTP server, and/or send a notification e-mail to a pre-configured e-mail address
with a pre-configured message. Images can be sent as e-mail attachments. See File Naming & Date/Time Formats
under Event Configuration in the online help.
Triggered Event
A Triggered event can be activated by:
•
•
•
•
•
•
a switch (e.g. a push button) connected to the camera’s input port
detected movement in a configured motion detection window
a manually activated action, e.g. from an action button in the web interface
on restart (reboot) after e.g. power loss
a temperature warning
a camera tampering alarm
How to set up a triggered event
This example describes how to set the camera to upload images when e.g the main door is
opened:
1. Click Add triggered... on the Event Types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. Main door open.
3. Set the priority - High, Normal or Low (see the online help).
4. Set min time interval between triggers - The shortest possible interval is 1
second and the longest is 23 hours, 59 minutes and 59 seconds. (see the online
help).
5. Set the Respond to Trigger... parameters for when the event will be active,
e.g. only after office hours.
6. Select the trigger alternative from the Triggered by... drop-down list, e.g. select
Input ports, for the sensor connected to the door.
7. Set the When Triggered... parameters, i.e. define what the camera will do if the
main door is opened e.g., upload images to an FTP server or send an e-mail.
8. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Please use the online help
for descriptions of each available option. Image file names
can be formatted according to specific requirements, such as time/date or type of triggered
event. See File Naming & Date/Time Formats under Event Configuration.
Note:
Up to 10 event types can be configured in the camera, and up to 3 of these can be configured to upload images.
Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers
This function is very useful when checking to see what happened immediately before
and/or after a trigger, e.g. up to 30 seconds before and/or after a door was opened. Check
the Upload images checkbox under Event Types > Add Triggered... > Triggered by... to
expand the web page with the available options. All uploaded images are JPEG images.
Include pre-trigger buffer - images stored internally in the camera from the time
immediately preceding the trigger. Check the box to enable the pre-trigger buffer, enter the
desired length of time and specify the required image frequency.
Include post-trigger buffer - contains images from the time immediately after the trigger.
Configure as for pre-trigger.
Notes:
•Pre-trigger and Post-trigger buffers will be lost if the connection to the event server fails.
•The maximum length of the pre-/post-buffer depends on the video image size and selected frame rate.
•If the pre- or post-buffer is too large for the camera’s internal memory, the frame rate will be reduced and
individual images may be missing. If this occurs, an entry will be created in the unit's log file.
Continue image upload (unbuffered) - enables the upload of video images for a fixed
length of time. Specify the length of time for the uploaded recording, in seconds, minutes
or hours, or for as long as the trigger is active. Finally, set the desired image frequency to
the maximum (the maximum available) or to a specified frame rate. The frame rate will be
the best possible, but might not be as high as specified, especially if uploading via a slow
connection.
Scheduled Event
A Scheduled event can be activated at preset times, in a repeating pattern on selected
weekdays.
Configuration example:
1. Click Add scheduled... on the Event Types page.
2. Enter a descriptive name for the event, e.g. “Scheduled e-mail upload.”
3. Set the priority (High, Normal or Low).
4. Set the Activation Time parameters (24h clock) when the event will be active,
e.g. start on Sundays at 13.00 with a duration of 12 hours.
5. Set the When Activated... parameters, i.e. set what the camera will do at the
specified time, e.g. send uploaded images to an e-mail address.
6. Click OK to save the Event in the Event Types list.
29
30 AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Please see the online help
for descriptions of each available option.
Camera Tampering
The camera tampering application generates an alarm whenever the camera is
repositioned, or when the lens is covered, sprayed, or severely defocused.
You must also create an event, see How to set up a triggered event, on page 28, for the
camera to send an alarm.
Settings
Minimum duration - This parameter sets the minimum tampering period, i.e. an alarm
will not be triggered until this period has elapsed, even if the tampering conditions are
otherwise met. This can help prevent false alarms for known conditions that affect the
image.
Alarm for dark images - If the camera lens is sprayed or covered so that the camera live
view becomes dark, it will not be possible to distinguish this situation from other situations
where the same effect is seen, i.e., when lighting conditions change.
When this paramater is enabled, alarms will be generated for all cases where the lights are
either dimmed or turned off, or if the lens is sprayed, covered, or severely defocused. If not
enabled, no alarm will be sent.
After making these settings, click Save.
AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Motion Detection
Motion detection is used to generate an alarm whenever movement either occurs or stops
in the video image. A total of 10 Include and/or Exclude windows can be configured.
• Included windows target specific areas within the whole video image
• Excluded windows define areas within an Include window that should be ignored
(areas outside Include windows are automatically ignored)
Once configured, the motion detection windows will appear in the list of available triggers,
for triggering events. See How to set up a triggered event above.
Note: Using the motion detection feature may decrease the camera’s overall performance.
Configuring Motion Detection
1. Click Motion Detection in the Event Configuration menu.
2. Click the Configure Included Window radio button.
3. Click New.
4. Enter a descriptive name under Window name.
5. Adjust the size (drag the bottom right-hand corner) and position (click on the text
at the top and drag to the desired position).
6. Adjust the Object size, History and Sensitivity profile sliders (see table below for
details). Any detected motion within an active window is then indicated by red
peaks in the Activity window (the active window has a red frame).
7. Click Save.
To exclude parts of the Include window, click the Configure Excluded Windows button
and position the Exclude window as required, within the Include window.
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32 AXIS 221 - Event Configuration
Please see the online help for descriptions of each available option.
Object Size
History
Sensitivity
High level
Only very large objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will
trigger the motion detection for a long
period
Ordinary colored objects on ordinary
backgrounds will trigger the motion
detection
Low level
Even very small objects
trigger motion detection
An object that appears in the region will
trigger motion detection for only a very
short period
Only very bright objects on a dark background will trigger motion detection
Default value
Low
Medium to High
Medium to High
Examples:
•
•
•
Avoid triggering on small objects in the image by selecting a high object size level.
To trigger motion detection as long as there is activity in the area, select a high history level.
To only detect flashing light, low sensitivity can be selected. In other cases, a high level is recommended.
Port Status
Under Event Configuration > Port Status there is a list showing the status for the camera’s
input and output. This is for the benefit of Operators, who cannot access the System
Options section.
Example: If the Normal state for a door push button connected to an input is set to Open circuit - as long as the
button is not pushed, the state will be inactive. If the doorbell button is pushed, the state of the input
changes to active.
AXIS 221 - System Options
System Options
Security - Users
User access control is enabled by default. An administrator can set up other users, by
giving these user names and passwords. It is also possible to allow anonymous viewer
login, which means that anybody may access the Live View page, as described below:
Users - the user list displays the authorized users and access levels:
• Viewer - the lowest level of access, which only allows the user access to the Live
View page.
• Operator - an Operator can view the Live View page, create and modify event types
and adjust certain other settings. The Operator does not have access to the Systems
Options configuration pages.
• Administrator - an administrator has unrestricted access to the Setup Tools and can
determine the registration of all other users.
To add a new user, click the Add... button and see the online help.
User Settings - check the relevant checkboxes to enable:
• Enable anonymous viewer login - allows any viewer direct access to the Live View
page.
• Maximum number of simultaneous viewers - enter a value here to restrict the
number of unicast viewers accessing the unit. This is useful if you need to save on
bandwidth. (Note that all multicast viewers count as 1 viewer.)
Note: The AXIS 221 keeps a log of all users that access it. See Logs & Reports, on page 44.
Security - IP Address Filtering
Checking the Enable IP address filtering box enables the IP address filtering function. Up
to 256 IP address entries may be specified (a single entry can contain multiple IP
addresses). Click the Add button to add new filtered addresses.
When the IP address filter is enabled, addresses added to the list are set as allowed or
denied addresses. All other IP addresses not in this list will then be allowed or denied
access accordingly, i.e. if the addresses in the list are allowed, then all others are denied
access, and vice versa. See also the online help for more information.
Referrals
To prevent unauthorized clients from including the video stream from the cameras into
external Web pages, check the Referrals checkbox and enter the IP address or Host name
of the computer that hosts the Web pages with the included video stream. Several IP
addresses/host names can be defined and are separated by semicolons (;). This option is
only applicable to Motion JPEG video streams.
33
34 AXIS 221 - System Options
Notes:
•If the referrals feature is enabled and you wish to also allow normal access to the Live View
page, the product's own IP address or host name must be added to the list of allowed referrers.
•Restricting referrers has no effect on an MPEG-4 video stream. To restrict an MPEG-4 stream, IP
address filtering must be enabled.
•Restricting referrers is of greatest value when not using IP address filtering. If IP address filtering is used, then the allowed referrers are automatically restricted to those allowed IP
addresses.
Security - HTTPS
The AXIS 221 supports encrypted browsing using HTTPS.
A self-signed certificate can be used until a Certificate Authority-issued certificate has
been obtained. Click the Create self-signed Certificate button to install a self-signed
certificate. Although self-signed certificates are free and offer some protection, true
security will only be implemented after the installation of a signed certificate issued by a
certificate authority.
A signed certificate can be obtained from an issuing Certificate Authority by clicking the
Create Certificate Request button. When the signed certificate is returned, click the Install
signed certificate button to import the certificate. The properties of any certificate request
currently resident in the camera or installed can also be viewed by clicking the
Properties... button. The HTTPS Connection Policy must also be set in the drop-down lists
to enable HTTPS in the camera.
Please refer to the online help
for more information.
AXIS 221 - System Options
Security - 802.1x
IEEE 802.1x is an IEEE standard for port-based Network Admission Control. It provides
authentication to devices attached to a network port (wired or wireless), establishing a
point-to-point connection. If authentication fails, access is prevented on the port. 802.1x is
based on EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol).
In a 802.1x enabled network switch, clients equipped with the correct software can be
authenticated and allowed or denied network access at the Ethernet level.
Clients and servers in an 802.1x network may need to authenticate each other by some
means. In the Axis implementation this is done with the help of digital certificates
provided by a Certification Authority. These are then validated by a third-party entity,
such as a RADIUS server, examples of which are Free Radius and Microsoft Internet
Authentication Service.
To perform the authentication, the RADIUS server uses various EAP methods/protocols, of
which there are many. The one used in the Axis implementation is EAP-TLS
(EAP-Transport Layer Security).
The AXIS network video device presents its certificate to the network switch, which in turn
forwards this to the RADIUS server. The RADIUS server validates or rejects the certificate
and responds to the switch, and sends its own certificate to the client for validation. The
switch then allows or denies network access accordingly, on a pre-configured port.
35
36 AXIS 221 - System Options
The authentication process
Axis video device
3
Certificate
Q: Certificate OK?
A: OK
2
Network
switch
Q: Certificate OK?
A: OK
4
RADIUS
server
1
Certificate
Authority (CA)
Certificate
Protected network
1. A CA server provides the required signed certificates.
2. The Axis video device requests access to the protected network at the network switch.
The switch forwards the video device’s CA certificate to the RADIUS server, which then
replies to the switch.
3. The switch forwards the RADIUS server’s CA certificate to the video device, which also
replies to the switch.
4. The switch keeps track of all responses to the validation requests. If all certificates are
validated, the Axis video device is allowed access to the protected network via a
pre-configured port.
RADIUS
RADIUS (Remote Authentication Dial In User Service) is an AAA (Authentication,
Authorization and Accounting) protocol for applications such as network access or IP
mobility. It is intended to work in both local and roaming situations.
CA servers
In cryptography, a Certification Authority (CA) is an entity that provides signed digital
certificates for use by other parties, and thus acts a trusted third party.
There are many commercial CA’s that charge for their services. Institutions and
governments may have their own CA, and there are free CA’s available.
AXIS 221 - System Options
Date & Time
Current Server Time - displays the current date and time (24h clock). The time can be
displayed in 12h clock format in the Overlay Images (see below).
New Server Time - Select your time zone from the drop-down list. If you want the AXIS
221 clock to automatically adjust for daylight savings time, select the Automatically
adjust for daylight saving time changes.
From the Time Mode section, select the preferred method to use for setting the time:
• Synchronize with computer time - sets the time from the clock on your
computer.
• Synchronize with NTP Server - the camera will obtain the time from an NTP
server every 60 minutes. Specify the NTP server's IP address or host name.
• Set manually - this option allows you to manually set the time and date.
Note: Note that if using a host name for the NTP server, a DNS server must be configured under TCP/IP settings.
See Network > TCP/IP below.
Date & Time Format Used in Images - specify the formats for the date and time (12h or
24h) displayed in the Live View video streams.
Use the predefined formats or use your own custom date and time formats. See Advanced
for information on how to create
File Naming & Date/Time Formats in the online help
your own file formats.
Network - Basic TCP/IP Settings
IP Address Configuration
The AXIS 221 supports both IP version 4 and IP version 6. Both versions may be enabled
simultaneously, and at least one version must always be enabled.
When using IPv4, the IP address can be set automatically via DHCP, or a static IP address
can be set manually.
If IPv6 is enabled, your camera will receive an IP address according to the configuration in
the network router.
There are also options for setting up notification of changes in the IP address, and for
using the AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service. For more information on setting the IP
address, please see the online help.
Notes: • To receive notification whenever the camera’s IP address changes (via e.g. DHCP), configure the options for
notification of IP address change. See Services below.
• If your DHCP server can update a DNS server, you can access the AXIS 221 by host name which is always the
same, regardless of the IP address.
37
38 AXIS 221 - System Options
Services
Enable ARP/Ping setting of IP address - The IP address can be set using the ARP/Ping
method, which associates the unit's MAC address with an IP address. Uncheck this box to
disable the service in order to prevent unintentional resetting of the IP address. For more
information see Other methods of setting the IP address in the AXIS 221 Installation
Guide.
Notes: • The ARP/Ping service is automatically disabled 2 minutes after the unit is started, or as soon as an IP address
is set.
• Pinging the unit will still be possible when this service is disabled.
Options for notification of IP address change - If the IP Address for the camera is
changed automatically, e.g. by DHCP, you can choose to be notified of the change. Click
Settings... and enter the required information.
AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service - The AXIS Internet Dynamic DNS Service can
provide your Axis product with its own URL (web address), which can then be used to
access it over the Internet. The product can be unregistered from the service at any time.
To do this click Settings... and follow the instructions. For more information, please refer
to the online help.
Network - Advanced TCP/IP Settings
DNS Configuration
DNS (Domain Name Service) provides the translation of host names to IP addresses on
your network.
Obtain DNS server address via DHCP - automatically use the DNS server settings provided
by the DHCP server. Click the View button to see the current settings.
Use the following DNS server address - enter the desired DNS server by specifying the
following:
• Domain name - enter the domain(s) to search for the host name used by the AXIS
221. Multiple domains can be separated by semicolons (;). The host name is always
the first part of a Fully Qualified Domain Name, e.g. myserver is the host name in
the Fully Qualified Domain Name myserver.mycompany.com where
mycompany.com is the Domain name.
• Primary DNS server - enter the IP address of the primary DNS server.
• Secondary DNS server - will be used if the primary DNS server is unavailable.
NTP Configuration
Obtain NTP server address via DHCP - check this radio button to automatically look up
and use the NTP server settings as provided by DHCP. Click the View button to see the
current settings.
AXIS 221 - System Options
Use the following NTP server address - to make manual settings, check this radio button
and enter the host name or IP address of the NTP server.
Host Name Configuration
The AXIS 221 can be accessed using a host name, instead of an IP address. The host name
is usually the same as the assigned DNS Name. It is always the first part of a Fully
Qualified Domain Name and is always one word, with no period. For example, myserver is
the host name in the Fully Qualified Domain Name myserver.mycompany.com.
Enabling dynamic DNS updates allows you to alias a dynamic IP address to a static host
name, allowing your computer to be more easily accessed from various locations on the
Internet. Outside users can always access your server using the associated DNS name
regardless of the WAN IP. The DNS server used by the user and/or the DNS server
responsible for the domain in use must support RFC2136 and allow updates from the
camera.
The TTL (Time To Live) value determines how long (in seconds) the reply from the DNS
server should be remembered when checking that the domain name for the registered IP
address is still valid.
Link-Local IPv4 Address
Link-Local Address is enabled by default and assigns the AXIS 221 with an additional IP
address for the UPnP protocol. The AXIS 221 can have both a Link-Local IP and a
static/DHCP IP address at the same time - these will not affect each other. See Network UPnP™, on page 42.
HTTP
The default HTTP port number (80) can be changed to any port within the range
1024-65535. This is useful for e.g. simple port mapping.
HTTPS
The default HTTPS port number (443) can be changed to any port within the range
1024-65535. HTTPS is used to provide encrypted web browsing.
NAT Traversal
Use NAT traversal when your AXIS 221 is located on an intranet (LAN) and you wish to
make it available from the other (WAN) side of a NAT router. With NAT traversal properly
configured, all HTTP traffic to an external HTTP port in the NAT router will be forwarded
to the network camera.
Enable/Disable - When enabled, the AXIS 221 will attempt to configure port mapping in a
NAT router on your network, using UPnP™.
Use manually selected NAT router - Select this option to manually select a NAT router.
Enter the IP address for the router in the field provided.
39
40 AXIS 221 - System Options
If a router is not manually specified, the AXIS 221 will automatically search for NAT
routers on your network. If more than one router is found, the default router, specified in
System Options > Network > TCP/IP > Basic > IPv4 Address Configuration > Default
router, will be selected.
Alternative HTTP port - Select this option to manually define an external HTTP port. Enter
the port number in the field provided. If no port is entered here a port number will
automatically be selected when NAT traversal is enabled.
FTP
The FTP server running in the AXIS 221 enables the upload of e.g. new firmware, user
applications, etc. Check the box to enable the service.
RTSP
The RTSP protocol allows a connecting client to start an MPEG-4 stream. Enter the RTSP
port number to use. The default setting is 554.
Network Traffic
Connection type - The default setting is Auto-Negotiate, i.e. the correct speed is
automatically selected. If necessary, the connection speed can be set by selecting it from
the drop-down list.
Maximum bandwidth - Specify, in Mbit/s or kbit/s, the maximum bandwidth that the
camera is allowed to use on the network. This is a useful function when connecting the
camera to busy or heavily loaded networks. The default setting is Unlimited.
Note: When using MPEG-4 as the video format, remember that setting a maximum bandwidth value here may
create problems for individual video streams if the maximum value is less than the sum of the bit rates set
for the video streams.
For more information, please see the online help
.
Network - SOCKS
SOCKS is a network proxy protocol. The camera can be configured to use a SOCKS server
to reach networks on the other side of a firewall/proxy server. This functionality is useful
if the camera is located on a local network behind a firewall, but notifications, uploads,
alarms, etc., need to be sent to a destination outside the local network (e.g. to the Internet).
AXIS 221 - System Options
Network - QoS (Quality of Service)
Quality of Service (QoS) provides the means to guarantee a certain level of a specified
resource to selected traffic on a network. Quality can be defined as e.g. a maintained level
of bandwidth, low latency, no packet losses, etc. The main benefits of a QoS-aware
network can be summarized as:
• the ability to prioritize traffic and thus allow critical flows to be served before
flows with lesser priority.
• greater reliability in the network, thanks to the control of the amount of bandwidth an application may use, and thus control over bandwidth races between
applications.
The QoS in Axis network video products marks the data packets for various types of
network traffic originating from the product. This makes it possible for network routers
and switches to e.g. reserve a fixed amount of bandwidth for these types of traffic. The
following types of traffic are marked:
• live video
• event/alarm traffic
• management network traffic
It is important to remember that to be able to use QoS, your network must be properly
configured. If you are unsure as to whether your network is QoS aware, please check with
your network administrator.
QoS Settings
For each type of network traffic supported by your Axis network video product, enter a
DSCP (Differentiated Services Codepoint) value. This value is used to mark the traffic’s IP
header. When the marked traffic reaches a network router or switch, the DSCP value in the
IP header tells the router or switch which type of treatment to apply to this type of traffic,
for example, how much bandwidth to reserve for it.
Note that DSCP values can be entered in decimal or hexadecimal form, but saved values
are always shown in decimal.
For more information on Quality of Service, please see the Axis support web at
www.axis.com/techsup
Network - SMTP (email)
Enter the host names or addresses for your primary and secondary mail servers in the fields
provided, to enable the sending of event and error email messages from the camera to
predefined addresses via SMTP.
41
42 AXIS 221 - System Options
Network - SNMP
The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) allows the remote management of
network devices. Select the version of SNMP to use, depending on the level of security
required. HTTPS should be enabled when setting the password for SNMPv3.
Network - UPnP™
The camera includes support for UPnP™, which is enabled by default. If also enabled on
your computer, the camera will automatically be detected and a new icon will be added to
“My Network Places.”
Note: UPnP must also be enabled on your Windows XP or ME computer. To do this, open the Control Panel from
the Start Menu and select Add/Remove Programs. Select Add/Remove Windows Components and open
the Networking Services section. Click Details and then select UPnP as the service to add.
Network - RTP (Multicast)/MPEG-4
These settings are the IP address, port number, and Time-To-Live value to use for the video
stream(s) in multicast MPEG-4 format. Only certain IP addresses and port numbers should
be used for multicast streams. For more information, please see the online help.
Network - Bonjour
The AXIS 225FD includes support for Bonjour. When enabled, the camera is automatically
detected by operating systems and clients that support Bonjour.
Ports & Devices
I/O Ports
The two alarm inputs and one output on the AXIS 221 can be connected to various
external devices, e.g. door sensors and alarm bells. The name given to the ports can be
changed and state of the I/O ports can be set to Open circuit or Closed circuit.
The pinout, interface support and the control and monitoring functions provided by this
connector are described in Unit Connectors, on page 46.
COM Ports RS-485/422 & RS-232
The RS-485/422 and RS-232 connectors can also be configured to allow them to be
controlled by TCP/IP applications. The TCP/IP parameters are described in the online help.
It is possible to configure COM Ports RS-485/422 and RS-232 for Pan/Tilt/Zoom (PTZ)
functionaliy, but only with additional third party hardware and a compatible PTZ driver.
For more information, please contact support at www.axis.com
AXIS 221 - System Options
LED Settings
The Status and Network Indicator LEDs can be set to flash at a configurable interval (or to
not light up at all) whenever the unit is accessed. For a listing of all LED behavior, see page
7, or the online help.
Note: The LED does not flash when the stream is retrieved using MPEG-4 multicast.
Maintenance
• Restart - The unit is restarted without changing any of the settings. Use this
method if the unit is not behaving as expected.
• Restore - The unit is restarted and most current settings are reset to the factory
default values. The only settings saved are:
• the boot protocol (DHCP or static)
• the static IP address
• the default router
• the subnet mask
• the system time
• Default - The Default button should be used with caution. Pressing this button
will return all of the camera's settings, including the IP address, to the factory
default values. The camera will then have to be re-installed.
Upgrade Server - See Upgrading the Firmware, on page 50.
Backup - To take a backup of all of the parameters, and any user-defined scripts, click the
Backup button. If necessary, it is then possible to return to the previous settings if the
settings are changed and there is unexpected behavior.
Restore - Click the Browse button to locate the saved backup file (see above) and then
click the Restore button. The settings will be restored to the previous configuration.
Note: Backup and Restore can only be used on the same unit running the same firmware. This feature is not
intended for the configuration of multiple units or for firmware upgrades.
Support
Support Overview
The Support Overview page provides valuable information on troubleshooting and contact
information, should you require technical assistance.
System Overview
The System Overview page provides an overview of the current network, security, event
and camera settings.
43
44 AXIS 221 - System Options
Logs & Reports
When contacting Axis support, please be sure to provide a valid Server Report with your
query. The Access Log is automatically included in the server report.
Information
This page gives you access to the following log files and reports that may prove useful
when troubleshooting a problem or when contacting the Axis support web.
System Log - Provides information about system events.
Access Log - The Access Log may be used for various purposes:
• Security - Tracking all access to your the camera. The access log lists the IP
addresses, users and networking protocols used to access the camera.
• Simple web attraction tracker.
• System analysis and trouble shooting.
Server Report - Provides information about the server status and should always be
included when requesting support.
Parameter List - Shows the unit's parameters and their current settings.
Connection List - Lists all clients that are currently accessing video and audio. It is also
used for system analysis and trouble shooting.
Configuration
From the drop-down lists, select the size and level of information to be added to the
System and Access Log files.
The default information level for the Access Log is set to Critical & Warnings. However, in
an error situation and when requesting support, set it to the lowest information level
Critical & Warnings & Info.
For the Log Level for Email, select from the drop-down list the level of information to
send as email and enter the destination email address.
Advanced
Scripting is an advanced function that provides the means for customizing and using
scripts.
Caution!
The scripting function is a very powerful tool. Improper use may cause unexpected
behavior or even loss of contact with the unit. If a script does cause problems, reset the
unit to its factory default settings (in which case, a previously saved backup file will be
useful for returning the unit to its latest configuration).
AXIS 221 - System Options
Axis strongly recommends that you do not use this function unless you fully
understand its consequences. Axis support provides no assistance for customized scripts.
For more information, please visit the Developer pages at www.axis.com/developer
Plain Config - this function is for the advanced user with previous experience of
configuring Axis cameras. All parameters can be set and modified from this page. Help is
available via the links on the standard setup pages.
About
Third Party Software Licenses - click View licenses for a list of the licensed software used
in the AXIS 221.
Resetting to the Factory Default Settings
To reset the camera to the original factory default settings, go to the System Options >
Maintenance web page (as described in Maintenance, on page 43) or use the Reset button
(see the illustration in Overview, on page 6) as described below:
Using the Reset Button
To reset the camera to the factory default settings using the Control Button:
1. Disconnect the power adapter, or the network cable if using PoE.
2. Press and hold the Control button while reconnecting power.
3. Keep the Control button pressed until the Status Indicator color changes to amber
(which may take up to 15 seconds).
4. Release the Control button.
5. When the Status Indicator changes to Green (which may take up to 1 minute), the
process is complete and the camera has been reset. The unit will now have the
default IP address 192.168.0.90 if you are not using a DHCP server.
45
46 AXIS 221 - Unit Connectors
Unit Connectors
This section describes the following:
• The I/O Terminal connector
• Power connections
• The RS-232 D-Sub connector
I/O Terminal connector
The 10-pin I/O terminal connector provides the interface to a solid state relay output, two
digital photo-coupled inputs, RS-485, GND and auxiliary power.
The terminal connector is used in applications for e.g. motion detection, event triggering,
time lapse recording, alarm notification via e-mail, image storage to FTP locations, etc.
• Input - Used for connecting external alarm devices and triggering images for
specific alarm-based events. The input is typically connected to a motion detector
or any other external security device, and images can be uploaded whenever the
detector is activated. Maximum 18VDC is allowed on the input.
• Output - This can drive a maximum load of 50VDC or 35VAC at 100mA directly
or heavier loads by connecting additional relay circuitry. If the output is used
with an external relay, a diode must be connected in parallel with the load for
protection against any voltage transients.
Caution!
Connecting AC to the inputs/outputs will damage the unit.
10-pin I/O Terminal connector
(including RS-485)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Power
connector
block
RS-232 connector
AC AC
GND DC+
Power adapter
connector
Connect AC power (10-24V) on pins 2 and 3.
Connect DC power (7-24V) on pins 1 and 2.
AXIS 221 - Unit Connectors
I/O terminal connector pinout table
Pin
Function
Description
1
Output A
2
Output B
On the external device output terminals (A and B), there is no distinction between
positive and negative (+ and -). The terminals use a photocoupler and are electrically isolated from the other internal circuitry.
The maximum load should not exceed 100mA and the maximum voltage should be
not more than 50VDC or 35VAC.
3
Digital Input 1
Photocoupler Anode (+)
4
Digital Input 1
Photocoupler Cathode (-)
5
Digital Input 2
Photocoupler Anode (+)
6
Digital Input 2
Photocoupler Cathode (-)
Photocoupled Input 1. Electrically isolated from the chassis and connectors, this
input can be supplied from an external DC voltage or the DC Power Input/Output on
pins 9 (DC+) and 10 (GND).
Photocoupled Input 2. As above.
7
RS-485-A (non-inverting)
8
RS-485-B (inverting)
A half-duplex RS-485 interface for controlling auxiliary equipment.
9
DC + Power Output
This can drive the photocoupler inputs or other equipment. The output voltage level
is 3.0 V. A maximum current of 100mA can be sourced from the DC output.
10
GND
Ground.
I/O Terminal connector schematic diagram
Example schematic diagram of the AXIS 221 terminal connector - showing possible
applications.
o1
o
2
Optional
Relay
Switch
o
o
Appliance
o o
o o
Mains Power
o3
o
o
24V DC
Switch, etc.
o4
A
RS-485
B
o5
+
o6
_
o7
o8
9
+
10
-
Active
Control
Device
External Device
o
47
48 AXIS 221 - Unit Connectors
Power connections
Power can be supplied to the camera by the following methods:
• the supplied power adapter, PS-K, 9W. The center pin is positive (+).
• PoE (Power over Ethernet) with power classification Class 2, via the network
cable. This will automatically be detected if available via the network.
• the power connector block on the rear panel.
Power connector block
The power connector block supports both AC and DC input power.
The DC supply is 7-24V. Connect the negative pole to the GND pin and the positive pole to
the DC+ pin.
The AC supply is 10-24V. Connect the AC poles to the AC pins.
Power connector block pin assignment table.
Pin
AC
AC
Function
GND
Ground/DC-
AC/DC+
AC and DC+, power input for mains power to unit
AC
AC power input for mains power to unit
GND
DC+
Schematic Diagram - Power terminal block and power connectors
o
z
Internal
3.3V
z
z
Switch
Mode
Power
Supply
z
z
z
AC
~
z
z
z
z
3
o
2
o
1 GND/DC-
AC/DC+
=
GND
+o
-o
Axis Power Supply
PS-K 9V max 9W or
according to parts list
AXIS 221 - Unit Connectors
The RS-232 connector
The AXIS 221 provides one 9-pin D-sub connector, providing the physical interface for an
RS-232 port, used for connecting accessory equipment.
A diagram of the RS-232 connector, complete with pin assignment table, is shown below.
Pin
Function
1
CD
2
- RXD
3
- TXD
4
DTR
5
GND
6
DSR
7
RTS
8
CTS
9
RI
1
2
6
3
7
4
8
5
9
49
50 AXIS 221 - Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting
Checking the Firmware
Firmware is software that determines the functionality of the AXIS 221. One of your first
actions when troubleshooting a problem should be to check the currently installed
firmware version. The latest version may contain a correction that fixes your particular
problem. The current firmware version in your AXIS 221 can be seen on the page Setup >
Basic Configuration.
Upgrading the Firmware
When you upgrade the firmware with a file from the Axis Web site, your Axis camera will
receive the latest available functionality. Always read the upgrade instructions and release
notes available with each new release, before updating the firmware.
Note: Preconfigured and customized settings should be saved when the firmware is upgraded (providing the features are available in the new firmware) although this is not guaranteed by Axis Communications.
1. Save the firmware file to your computer. The latest version of the firmware is
available free of charge from the Axis Web site at www.axis.com/techsup
2. Go to Setup > System Options > Maintenance in the camera’s Web pages.
3. In the Upgrade Server section, browse to the desired firmware file on your
computer. Click Upgrade.
Notes:
•If you suspect the firmware upgrade for the AXIS 221 has failed, always wait at least 5-10 minutes before restarting the upgrade process.
•Your dealer reserves the right to charge for any repair attributable to faulty upgrading by the
user.
•Always read the upgrade instructions available with each new release, before updating the
firmware.
AXIS 221 - Troubleshooting
Emergency Recovery Procedure
If power to the AXIS 221 is lost during the upgrade, the process will fail and the unit will
become unresponsive. A flashing red Status LED indicates a failed upgrade. To recover the
unit, follow the steps below. The serial number is found on the label attached to the bottom
of the camera.
1. UNIX/Linux - From the command line, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of AXIS 221> <Serial number> temp
ping -s 408 <IP address of camera>
Windows - From a command/DOS prompt, type the following:
arp -s <IP address of AXIS 221> <Serial number>
ping -l 408 -t <IP address of camera>
2. If the unit does not reply within a few seconds, restart it and wait for a reply. Press
CTRL+C to stop Ping.
3. Open a browser and type in the camera’s IP address. In the page that appears, use the
Browse button to select the upgrade file to use, e.g. axis221.bin. Then click the Load
button to restart the upgrade process.
4. After the upgrade has completed (1-10 minutes), the unit will automatically restart and
show a steady green on the Power and Status LEDs and flashing green or amber on the
Network LED.
5. Reinstall the AXIS 221.
6. Windows - From a command/DOS prompt, type the following if you are using a DHCP
server:
arp -d <IP address of AXIS 221>
If the emergency recovery procedure does not get the camera up and running again, please
contact Axis support at www.axis.com/techsup/
Axis Support
If you contact Axis support, please help us to help you solve your problems, by providing
the server report, the log file and a brief description of the problem.
Server Report - go to Setup > System Options > Support Overview. The server report
contains important information about the server and its software, as well as a list of the
current parameters.
The Log file is available from Setup > System Options > Logs & Reports. The Log file
records events in the unit since the last system restart and can be a useful diagnostic tool
when troubleshooting.
51
52 AXIS 221 - Troubleshooting
Symptoms, Possible Causes and Remedial Actions
Problems setting the IP address
When using ARP/Ping.
Try the installation again. The IP address must be set within two minutes after running
the ARP command. Ensure the Ping length is set to 408.
The camera is located on a different
subnet.
If the IP address intended for the AXIS 221 and the IP address of your computer are
located on different subnets, you will not be able to set the IP address. Contact your
network administrator to obtain an appropriate IP address.
The IP address is being used by another Disconnect the AXIS 221 from the network. Run the Ping command. (In a Comdevice.
mand/DOS window, type ping and the IP address of the unit).
If you receive: Reply from <IP address>: bytes = 32; time = 10 ms..... - this means
that the IP address is already in use on your network. You must obtain a new IP address
and reinstall the unit.
If you see: Request timed out - this means that the IP address is available for use with
your camera. In this case, check all cabling and reinstall the unit.
Possible IP address conflict with
another device on the same subnet.
The static IP address in the AXIS 221 is used before the DHCP server sets a a dynamic
address. This means that if the same default static IP address is also used by another
device, there may be problems accessing the camera. To avoid this, set the static IP
address to 0.0.0.0.
The AXIS 221 cannot be accessed from a Web browser
The IP address has been changed by
DHCP.
1) Move the AXIS 221 to an isolated network, or to one with no DHCP or BOOTP server.
Set the IP address again, using the AXIS IP Utility (see the Installation Guide) or the
ARP/Ping commands.
2) Access the unit and disable DHCP in the TCP/IP settings. Return the unit to the main
network. The unit now has a fixed IP address that will not change.
3) As an alternative to 2), if dynamic IP address via DHCP or BOOTP is required, select
the required service and then configure IP address change notification from the network settings. Return the unit to the main network. The unit will now have a dynamic
IP address, but will notify you if the address changes.
Proxy server.
If using a proxy server, try disabling the proxy setting in your browser.
Other networking problems.
Test the network cable and connectors by connecting it to another network device,
then Ping that device from your workstation. See the instructions above.
Cannot log in.
When HTTPS is enabled, ensure that the correct protocol (HTTP or HTTPS) is used when
attempting to log in. You may need to manually type in http or https in the browser's
address bar.
Incorrect host name.
Check that the host name and DNS server settings are correct. See the basic and
advanced TCP/IP settings.
Cannot send notifications, uploads, alarms, etc, to a destination outside the local network
Firewall protection.
The camera can be configured to use a SOCKS server to reach networks on the other
side of a firewall/proxy server.
Your AXIS 221 is accessible locally, but not externally
Firewall protection.
Check the Internet firewall with your system administrator.
Default routers required.
Check if you need to configure the default router settings.
Poor or intermittent network connection
Network switch.
If using a network switch, check that the port on that device uses the same setting for
the network connection type (speed/duplex) as set in the advanced TCP/IP settings.
The Auto-Negotiate setting is recommended.
AXIS 221 - Troubleshooting
Video/Image problems - general
No images in browser
(Internet Explorer for Windows only)
To enable the updating of video images in Microsoft Internet Explorer, set your browser
to allow ActiveX controls. Also, make sure that AXIS Media Control (AMC) component
is installed on your workstation.
Installation of additional ActiveX com- Configure your AXIS 221 to use a Java applet for updating the video images under
ponent restricted or prohibited.
Live View Config > Layout > Default Viewer for Internet Explorer. See the online help
for more information.
Image too dark or too light.
Check the video image settings. See the online help on Video and Image Settings.
Missing images in uploads.
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try
lowering the frame rate or the upload period.
Slow image update.
Configuring, e.g. pre-buffers, motion detection, high-resolution images, high frame
rates, etc, will reduce the performance of the camera.
Poor performance.
Poor performance may be caused by e.g. heavy network traffic, multiple users accessing
the unit, low performance clients, use of features such as Motion Detection, Event handling, Image rotation other than 180 degrees.
Image gradually gets darker or lighter.
When using the AXIS 221 in locations lit by fluorescent lighting, check in the advanced
image settings that the Exposure control is set to Flicker-free.
Image loses focus often.
Disable the DC-Iris lens in the settings for Video & Image > Advanced. Focus the camera following the instructions on page 9, and then enable the DC-Iris lens.
Images only shown in black & white.
Check the color level setting.
Check the setting for the IR cut filter. Images are shown in color only when this filter is
enabled, i.e. when set to yes or auto.
Blurred images.
Refocus the camera. Check in the Video & Image > Advanced - Camera Settings that
DC-Iris is set to Enabled. If the images are still blurred adjust the metal ring until the
image is sharp, see Removing and attaching the lens, on page 55.
Rolling dark bands or flickering in
image.
Try adjusting the Flicker-free exposure setting under advanced image settings. Note
that the 'Hold Current'/Manual setting may cause unwanted effects.
Video/image problems - MPEG-4
Lower frame rate than expected.
Check with the administrator that there is enough bandwidth available. Check also the
settings for bit rate control, in the Video & Image > Advanced > MPEG-4 settings.
Using an inappropriate video object type can also affect the frame rate. See the online
help for more information.
Check in the AMC control panel applet (MPEG-4 tab) that video processing is not set to
Decode only I frames.
Lower the image resolution.
Reduce the number of applications running on the client computer.
No MPEG-4 displayed in the
client.
Check that the correct network interface is selected in the AMC control panel applet
(network tab).
Check that the relevant MPEG-4 connection methods are enabled in the AMC control
panel applet (network tab).
In the AMC control applet, select the MPEG-4 tab and click the button Set to default
MPEG-4 decoder.
No multicast MPEG-4 displayed in the
client.
Check with your network administrator that the multicast addresses used by the
AXIS 221 are valid for your network.
Multicast MPEG-4 only accessible by
local clients.
Check if your router supports multicasting, or if the router settings between the client
and the server need to be configured. The TTL (Time To Live) value may need to be
increased.
53
54 AXIS 221 - Troubleshooting
Poor rendering of MPEG-4 images.
Color depth set incorrectly on clients. Set to 16-bit or 32-bit color.
If text overlays are blurred, or if there are other rendering problems, you may need to
enable Advanced Video Rendering. This is done on the MPEG-4 tab in the AMC control
panel applet.
Ensure that your graphics card is using the latest device driver. The latest drivers can
usually be downloaded from the manufacturer's web site.
If images are degrading, try decreasing the GOV length, see Advanced settings, on page
20.
Color saturation is different in MPEG-4 Modify the settings for your graphics adapter. Please see the adapter's documentation
and Motion JPEG.
for more information.
The test image does not display as expected
Image settings.
Not all settings have an effect on the test image. For more information, see the help for
Image Settings.
The Power indicator is not constantly lit
Faulty power supply.
Check that you are using an AXIS PS-K power supply.
The Status and Network indicator LEDs are flashing red rapidly
Hardware failure.
Contact your Axis dealer.
The Status indicator LED is flashing red and the camera is inaccessible
A firmware upgrade has been interrupted or the firmware has otherwise
been damaged.
See the Emergency Recovery Procedure, on page 51 above.
Poor quality snapshot images
Screen incorrectly configured on your
workstation.
In Display Properties, configure your screen to show at least 65000 colors, i.e. at least
16-bit. Using only 16 or 256 colors will produce dithering artifacts in the image.
Browser freezes
Netscape 7.x or Mozilla 1.4 (or later)
can sometimes freeze on a slow computer.
Lower the image resolution.
Problems uploading files
Limited space.
There is only limited space available for the upload of your own files. Try deleting one
or more existing files, to free up space.
Missing images in uploads.
This can occur when trying to use a larger image buffer than is actually available. Try
lowering the frame rate or the upload period.
Overlay is not displayed
Incorrect size or location of overlay.
The overlay may have been positioned incorrectly. Refer to the online help for information on the limitations when using image overlays and privacy masks.
Motion Detection triggers unexpectedly
Changes in luminance.
Motion detection is based upon changes in luminance in the image. This means that if
there are sudden changes in the lighting, motion detection may be mistakenly triggered. Lower the sensitivity setting to avoid problems with luminance.
For additional assistance, please contact your reseller or see the support pages on
the Axis Website at www.axis.com/techsup
AXIS 221 - Replacing the lens
Replacing the lens
If the lens on the AXIS 221 needs to be replaced or if the camera was supplied without a
lens, a new lens can be fitted quickly and easily. As the AXIS 221 is designed with a
CS-mount, the lens supplied with your product can be replaced with any standard C or CS
lens.
Note: Although the lens supplied with your product can be directly replaced with any CS-type lens, a C-type lens must
be installed with an adapter for it to work with your AXIS 221. An adapter effectively moves the lens 5mm
farther from the camera.
Removing and attaching the lens
1. Disconnect the power supply to the AXIS 221.
Metal ring
2. Disconnect the DC-Iris cable.
3. Unscrew the lens by turning it
anti-clockwise.
Zoom puller
(Tele/wide)
Focus puller
4. Screw on the new lens until it is tight
against the metal ring at the back.
5. Attach the DC-Iris cable to the camera
and reconnect the power supply.
6. To focus the new lens, see Focusing, on
page 9.
DC-Iris control cable
Note: In the unlikely case that the camera images are still blurred after focusing the lens, loosen the screw on the
underside of the camera that holds the metal ring in place. Turn the metal ring in small increments until a
sharp image is obtained. Tighten the screw on the underside of the camera.
55
56 AXIS 221 - Technical Specifications
Technical Specifications
Item
Image sensor
Specification
1/3” Sony Wfine progressive scan RGB CCD
Lens
• Pentax TS3V310ED
• F1.0 varifocal 3.0 - 8.0 mm
• DC-iris,
• focus range: 0.3 m to infinity
• CS mount
Angle of view
• Horizontal: 35° - 93°
Minimum illumination
• Color mode: 0.65 lux, F1.0
• Black and white mode: 0.08 lux, F1.0
Video compression
• Motion JPEG
• MPEG-4 Part 2 (ISO/IEC 14496-2), Profiles: ASP and SP
Resolutions
• 16 resolutions from 640 x 480 to 160 x 120 via API,
• 5 selections via configuration web page
Frame rate
• Motion JPEG:
Up to 45 fps at 640x480
Up to 60 fps at 480x360 or lower
• MPEG-4:
Up to 30 fps at 640x480
Up to 60 fps at 320x240 or lower
Video streaming
• Simultaneous Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
• Controllable frame rate and bandwidth
• Constant and variable bit rate (MPEG-4)
Image settings
• Compression levels: 11 (Motion JPEG)/23 (MPEG-4)
• Rotation: 90º, 180º, 270º
• Configurable: color level, brightness, sharpness, contrast, white balance,
exposure control, exposure area, backlight compensation, fine tuning of behavior
at low light
• Overlay capabilities: time, date, privacy mask, text or image
Shutter time
2 sec to 1/25000 sec
Security
• Multiple user access levels with password protection
• IP address filtering, HTTPS encryption
• IEEE 802.1X Network access control
• User access log
Users
• 20 simultaneous users
• Unlimited number of users using multicast (MPEG-4)
Alarm and event management • Events triggered by: video motion detection, tampering detection, temperature
limits, external input or according to a schedule
• Image upload over FTP,email and HTTP
• Notification over TCP, email, HTTP and external output
9 MB of pre- and post alarm buffer
AXIS 221 - Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Connectors
• RJ-45 for Ethernet 10BaseT/100BaseTX (PoE)
• Terminal block for 2 alarm inputs, 1 output,
• RS-485/422 half duplex port and alternative DC power connection
• D-sub for RS-232 port
Casing
• Aluminum casing
Processors and memory
• CPU: ETRAX 100LX
• Video processing and compression: ARTPEC-2 chip
• RAM: 32 MB,
• Flash: 8 MB
• Battery backed up real-time clock
Power
• 7-24 V DC, max 5.5 W
• 10-24 V AC, max 7.5 VA
• Power over Ethernet (IEEE 802.3af) Class 2
Operating conditions
• 0 - 50 ºC (41 – 122 ºF)
• Humidity 20 - 80% RH (non-condensing)
Installation, management
and maintenance
• AXIS Camera Management tool on CD and web-based configuration
• Configuration of backup and restore
• Firmware upgrades over HTTP or FTP, firmware available at www.axis.com
Video access from Web
browser
• Camera live view,
• Video recording to file (ASF)
• Sequence tour for up to 20 Axis video sources
• Customizable HTML pages
Minimum web browsing
requirements
Pentium III CPU 500 MHz or higher, or equivalent AMD,128 MB RAM, AGP
graphics card 32 MB RAM, Direct Draw
Windows Vista, XP, 2000, DirectX 9.0 or later Internet Explorer 6.x or later
For other operating systems and browsers see www.axis.com/techsup
System integration support
Supported protocols
• Open API for software integration available at www.axis.com including AXIS
VAPIX API
• AXIS Media Control SDK
• Event trigger data in video stream and access to serial port peripherals over TCP
• Quality of Service (QoS) Layer 3
• DiffServ Model
• Watchdog
• Embedded Linux operating system
IPv4/v6, HTTP, HTTPS, SSL/TLS*, TCP, ICMP, SNMPv1/v2c/v3 (MIB-II), RTSP, RTP,
UDP, IGMP, RTCP, SMTP, FTP, DHCP, UPnP, Bonjour, ARP, DNS, DynDNS, SOCKS,
NTP etc.
More information on protocol usage available at www.axis.com
* This product includes software developed by the Open SSL Project for use in the
Open SSL Tool kit (www.openssl.org)
57
58 AXIS 221 - Technical Specifications
Item
Specification
Included accessories
• Installation Guide, CD with User’s Manual
• installation and management tools
• demo software
• mounting and connector kits
• camera stand
• power supply 9 V DC
• Single user decoder licenses
• MPEG-4 decoder (Windows)
Applications
(not included)
• AXIS Camera Station - Video management software for viewing, recording and
archiving up to 25 cameras
See www.axis.com/partner/adp_partners.htm for more software applications via
partners
Accessories
(not included)
• Housings for adverse indoor/outdoor environments
• Power over Ethernet midspans
• IR Illuminators
• Network Video Decoder for monitors
• MPEG-4 Decoder mulit-user license pack
Approvals - EMC
• EN 55022 Class B
• EN 61000-3-2
• EN 61000-3-3
• EN 55024
• EN 61000-6-1
• EN 61000-6-2
• FCC Part 15 Subpart B Class B
• ICES-003 Class B
• VCCI Class B
• C-tick AS/NZS CISPR22
• EN 60950
• Power supply: EN 60950, UL, CSA
Dimensions (HxWxD)
and weight
49 x 88 x 186 mm (1,9” x 3,5” x 7,3”)
550 g (19,4 oz) excl. power supply
AXIS 221 - Technical Specifications
General performance considerations
When setting up your system, it is important to consider how various settings and
situations will affect performance. Some factors affect the amount of bandwidth (the bit
rate) required, others can affect the frame rate, and some will affect both. If the load on the
CPU reaches its maximum, this will also affect the frame rate.
The following factors are among the most important to consider:
• High image resolutions and/or lower compression levels result in larger images.
Bandwidth affected.
• Access by large numbers of Motion JPEG and/or unicast MPEG-4 clients. Bandwidth affected.
• Simultaneous viewing of different streams (resolution, compression, etc.) by different clients. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Accessing both Motion JPEG and MPEG-4 video streams simultaneously. Frame
rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy usage of event settings affects the camera’s CPU load. Frame rate affected.
• Enabled motion detection. Frame rate and bandwidth affected.
• Heavy network utilization due to poor infrastructure. Bandwidth is affected.
• Viewing on poorly performing client PC’s lowers perceived performance. Frame
rate affected.
Optimizing your system
To see the bandwidth and frame rate currenty required by the video stream, the AXIS 221
provides a tool that can be used to display these values directly in the video image.
To do this, special format strings are added as part
of a text overlay. Simply add #r (average frame
rate in fps) and/or #b (average bandwidth in kbps)
to the overlay.
For detailed instructions, please see the online
help for Video & Image > Overlay Settings, and
the help for File Naming & Date/Time Formats.
Important!
•The figures displayed here are the values as delivered by the camera. If other restrictions are
currently in force, (e.g. bandwidth limitation) these values might not correspond to those actually received by the client.
•For Motion JPEG, these values will only be accurate as long as no frame rate limit has been
specified.
59
60 AXIS 221 - Technical Specifications
Frame rates - Motion JPEG and MPEG-4
The following table shows typical frame rates in frames/second (fps) for Motion JPEG and
MPEG-4 video streams from the AXIS 221.
Note that these values are guidelines only - actual values may vary.
Motion JPEG settings:
• Viewing in AMC
• Compression level = 30%
MPEG-4 settings:
•
•
•
•
•
Viewing in AMC
Compression level = 30%
Video Object Type = Advanced Simple
GOV length = 8
GOV structure = IP*
Frame rates
Motion JPEG
MPEG-4
640x480
45
30
480x360
60
45
320x240
60
60
160x120
60
60
*Note that setting the GOV structure to use “I-frames only” will increase the frame rate at the expense of
the bit rate.
Bandwidth
As there are many factors that affect bandwidth, it is very difficult to predict the required
amounts. The settings that affect bandwidth are:
•
•
•
•
•
•
the image resolution
the image compression
the frame rate
the MPEG-4 object type
the MPEG-4 GOV structure
the maximum exposure time.
There are also factors in the monitored scene that will affect the bandwidth. These are:
• the amount of motion
• the image’s complexity
• the lighting conditions.
For MPEG-4, if there is only limited bandwidth available, and if this is more important
than the image quality, using a constant bit rate (CBR) is recommended. Use a variable bit
rate (VBR) if the image quality needs to be maintained at a higher level. If supported on the
network, consider also using MPEG-4 multicasting, as the bandwidth consumption will be
much lower.
61
Glossary of Terms
ActiveX - A software component, also refered to as a
control, that integrates into and extends the Microsoft(R)
Internet Explorer(TM) web browser. ActiveX controls are
typicaly downloaded and installed dynamicaly by the
browser from a web page.
AMC - AXIS Media Control. The control required for
viewing video images in Internet Explorer. Installs
automatically on first use.
API - Application Programming Interface. The Axis API
can be used for integrating Axis products into other
applications.
ARP - Address Resolution Protocol. A protocol used to
associate an IP address to a hardware MAC address. A
request is broadcast on the local network to find out what
the MAC address is for the IP address.
HTML - Hypertext Mark-up Language. Used widely for
authoring documents viewed in web browsers.
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol. The set of rules for
exchanging files (text, images, sound, video, and other files) on
the World Wide Web.
HTTPS - Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer.
A web protocol that provides encryption for page requests from
users and for the pages returned by the web server.
Intranet - A private network limited to an organization or
corporation. Usually closed to external traffic.
IP - Internet-Protocol. See TCP/IP.
IP address - A unique number used by a network device, to
allow it to be identified and found on the network. The 32-bit
IP address is made up of four groups (or quads) of decimal
digits separated by periods. An example of an IP address is:
192.168.0.1
ISMA - Internet Streaming Media Alliance.
ARTPEC - Axis Real Time Picture Encoder - used for video
image compression.
JPEG - A standard image format, used widely for photographs.
Also known as JPG.
CCD - Charge Coupled Device. CCD is one of the two main
types of image sensors used in digital cameras. When a
picture is taken, the CCD is struck by light coming through
the camera’s lens. Each of the thousands or millions of tiny
pixels that make up the CCD convert this light into
electrons.
LAN - A local area network (LAN) is a group of computers and
associated devices that typically share common resources
within a limited geographical area.
CGI - Common Gateway Interface. A set of rules (or a
program) that allows a Web Server to communicate with
other programs.
Client/Server - Describes the network relationship between
two computer programs in which one, the client, makes a
service request from another - the server.
DC-Iris - This special type of iris is electrically controlled
by the Axis camera, to automatically regulate the amount
of light allowed to enter.
DNS - The Domain Name System (DNS) locates and
translates Internet domain names into IP (Internet Protocol)
addresses.
Ethernet - A widely used networking standard.
ETRAX - A family of microprocessors developed by Axis.
Firewall - A virtual barrier between a LAN (Local Area
Network) and other networks, e.g. the Internet.
FTP - File Transfer Protocol. Used for the simple transfer of
files to and from an FTP-server.
Full-duplex - Transmission of data, e.g. audio, in two
directions simultaneously. In an audio system this would
describe e.g. a telephone system. Half-duplex also provides
bi-directional communication, but only in one direction at
a time, as in a walkie-talkie system. See also Simplex.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
Linux - A popular, free, open source, UNIX like operating
system, developed in cooperation by various individuals and
organizations.
Lux - A standard unit for the measurement of light, where 1
Lux equals the light emitted from a single candle at a distance
of one meter.
Mbit/s - Megabits per second. A unit for measuring speeds in
networks. A LAN might run at 10 or 100 Mbit/s.
MPEG-4 - A video compression standard that makes good use
of bandwidth, and which can provide high-quality video
streams at less than 1 Mbit/s.
Multicast - A bandwidth-conserving technology that reduces
bandwidth usage by simultaneously delivering a single stream
of information to multiple network recipients.
NTSC - National Television Standards Committee. NTSC is the
standard format used for televisions in most of North and
Central America, and Japan.
NWAY - A network protocol that automatically negotiates the
highest possible common transmission speed between two
devices.
PAL - Phase Altering Line. PAL is the standard format used for
televisions in most of the world (other than the US, Canada, and
Japan).
PEM - Privacy Enhanced Mail. An early standard for securing
electronic mail. The PEM-format is often used for representing
an HTTPS certificate or certificate request.
62
Ping - A small utility used for sending data packets to
network resources to check that they are working and that
the network is intact.
UPnPTM - Allows the automatic peer-to-peer detection of
devices on the network.
Pre/post alarm image - The images from immediately
before and after an alarm.
Varifocal - A varifocal lens provides a wide range of focal
lengths, as opposed to a lens with a fixed focal length, which
only provides one.
Privacy mask - An image or specified area used to block
out certain parts of the video image.
Protocol - A special set of rules governing how two entities
will communicate. Protocols are found at many levels of
communication, and there are hardware protocols and
software protocols.
Router - A device that determines the next network point
to which a packet should be forwarded on its way to its
final destination. A router is often included as part of a
network switch (see below).
RTP - Real-Time Transfer Protocol. A transfer protocol
designed for delivery of live contents, e.g. MPEG-4.
Simplex - In simplex operation, a network cable or
communications channel can only send information in one
direction.
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. A protocol used for
e-mail transmissions over the Internet.
SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol. An
application layer protocol that facilitates the exchange of
management information between network devices. It is
part of the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
(TCP/IP) protocol suite.
Subnet Mask - An IP address consists of two components:
the network address and the host address. “Subnetting’
enables a network administrator to further divide the host
part of the address into two or more subnets. The subnet
mask identifies the subnet to which an IP address belongs.
Switch - Whilst a simple hub transmits all data to all
devices connected to it, a switch only transmits the data to
the device it is specifically intended for.
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol.
A suite of network protocols that determine how data is
transmitted. TCP/IP is used on many networks, including
the Internet. TCP keeps track of the individual packets of
information and IP contains the rules for how the packets
are actually sent and received.
UDP - The User Datagram Protocol is a communications
protocol that offers a limited amount of service when
messages are exchanged between computers in a network
that uses the Internet Protocol (IP). UDP is an alternative to
the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and, together with
IP, is also known as UDP/IP.
Unicast - Communication that takes place over a network
between a single sender and a single receiver.
AXIS COMMUNICATIONS
<Product
Name> Quick User’s Guide
URL - Uniform Resource Locator. An “address" on the network.
WAN - Wide-Area-Network. Similar to a LAN, but on a larger
geographical scale.
Web server - A program on a computer (server) providing the
resources (e.g. web pages) requested by the user (client).
AXIS 221 - Index 63
Index
A
Access from a Browser 8
Access Log 44
Accessing the Video Stream 14
Action 27
Action Buttons 25
Active/Inactive 25
Administrators 16
Advanced Camera Settings 20
Advanced Simple Profile 12
Alarm 31, 46
AMC Viewer Toolbar 10
ARP/Ping 38
Auxiliary Power 46
AXIS Media Control (AMC) 14
B
Backup 43
Bandwidth 12, 60
Bit Rate 12
Bonjour 42
Buffers 29
C
Camera Tampering 30
CGI Links 25
Configuration 16
Connection List 44
Constant Bit Rate 12
Custom Settings 23
D
DC-Iris 9
Default Button 43
Default Video Format 25
Default Viewer 25
DNS Configuration 38
DNS Server 38
Domain Name 38
E
Emergency Recovery 51
Event Servers 27
Event Types 28
Events 27
External Video 26
F
Factory Default Settings 45
Firmware 50
Focusing 9
Frame Rate 18
FTP Server 27
H
Host Name 39
HTML Examples 26
HTTP API 25
HTTP Server 27
HTTPS 34
I
I/O Ports 42
I/O Terminal Connector 7, 46
Include Windows 31
Input 46
IP Address Filtering 33
L
LED Indicators 7
Lens 55
Lighting Conditions 20
Live View Configuration 23
Live View Page 10, 16
Low Light Behavior 20
M
Maintenance 43
Motion Detection 31
Motion JPEG 12
MPEG-4 12
MPEG-4 Protocols 13
MPEG-4 Settings 21, 42
64 AXIS 221 - Index
Multicast 42
Multicasting 13
N
Network Connector 7
Network Settings - Advanced 38
Network Settings - Basic 37
NTP Server 37
O
Other MPEG-4 Clients 15
Output 46
Output Buttons 25
Overlay/Mask 18
Own Home Page 24
Own Web Files 24
P
Password 9
Port Status 32
Ports & Devices 42
Power Adapter Connector 7
Power Connector Block 7
Pre/Post Trigger Buffer 29
Privacy Mask 18
Pulse 10
Pulse Button 25
R
Recovery 51
Referrals 33
Replacing the Lens 55
Reset Button 7
Restart 43
Restore 43
RS-232 Connector 7, 42, 49
RS-485/422 Connector 42
RTP 13
RTSP 13
S
Scheduled Event 27, 29
Security 33
Security - Users 33
Sequence Mode 10, 26
Serial Number 6
Server Time 37
Services 37
Setup Tools 16
Simple Profile 12
Snapshot Button 10
Streaming MPEG-4 13
Support 43
System Options 33
T
TCP Server 27
TCP/IP Settings 37, 38
Technical Specifications 56
Time Mode 37
Triggered Event 27
U
UDP 13
Unicasting 13
Unit Connectors 46
Upgrade Server 43
Upgrading the Firmware 50
Upload Overlay/Mask 19
Uploading Web Files 24
UPnP 42
User List 33
User-defined Links 24
V
Variable Bit Rate 12
Video Streams 12, 18
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