Ryobi | AP1301 | Operator`s manual | Ryobi AP1301 Operator`s manual

OPERATOR’S MANUAL
13 in. PORTABLE PLANER
AP1301
Your portable planer has been engineered and manufactured to our high standard for dependability, ease of operation, and
operator safety. When properly cared for, it will give you years of rugged, trouble-free performance.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of injury, the user must read and understand the operator’s manual before using
this product.
Thank you for your purchase.
SAVE THIS MANUAL FOR FUTURE REFERENCE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
� Warranty .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2
 General Safety Rules .................................................................................................................................................... 3-4
� Specific Safety Rules.................................................................................................................................................... 4-5
� Symbols ........................................................................................................................................................................ 6-7
 Electrical .......................................................................................................................................................................... 8
� Glossary of Terms ............................................................................................................................................................ 9
� Features .................................................................................................................................................................... 10-11
 Loose Parts ................................................................................................................................................................... 11
� Assembly .................................................................................................................................................................. 12-13
� Operation .................................................................................................................................................................. 14-16
 Adjustments................................................................................................................................................................... 17
� Maintenance ............................................................................................................................................................. 18-19
 Troubleshooting ............................................................................................................................................................. 20
� Parts Ordering / Service ................................................................................................................................................ 22
INTRODUCTION
This tool has many features for making its use more pleasant and enjoyable. Safety, performance, and dependability have been
given top priority in the design of this product making it easy to maintain and operate.
WARRANTY
RYOBI® POWER TOOL - LIMITED TWO YEAR WARRANTY AND 30 DAY EXCHANGE POLICY
One World Technologies, Inc., warrants its RYOBI® power tools with the following conditions:
30-DAY EXCHANGE POLICY: During the first 30 days after date of purchase, you may either request service under this warranty
or you may exchange any RYOBI® power tool which does not work properly due to defective workmanship or materials by returning the power tool to the dealer from which it was purchased. To receive a replacement power tool or requested warranty service,
you must present proof of purchase and return all original equipment packaged with the original product. The replacement power
tool will be covered by the limited warranty for the balance of the two year period from the date of the original purchase.
WHAT THIS WARRANTY COVERS: This warranty covers all defects in workmanship or materials in your RYOBI® power tool for
a period of two years from the date of purchase. With the exception of batteries, power tool accessories are warranted for ninety
(90) days. Batteries are warranted for two years.
HOW TO GET SERVICE: Just return the power tool, properly packaged and postage prepaid, to an Authorized Service Center. You
can obtain the location of the Service Center nearest you by contacting a service representative at One World Technologies, Inc.,
P.O. Box 1207, Anderson, SC 29622-1207, by calling 1-800-525-2579 or by logging on to www.ryobitools.com. When you request
warranty service, you must also present proof of purchase documentation, which includes the date of purchase (for example, a bill
of sale). We will repair any faulty workmanship, and either repair or replace any defective part, at our option. We will do so without
any charge to you. We will complete the work in a reasonable time, but, in any case, within ninety (90) days or less.
WHAT’S NOT COVERED: This warranty applies only to the original purchaser at retail and may not be transferred. This warranty
only covers defects arising under normal usage and does not cover any malfunction, failure or defects resulting from misuse,
abuse, neglect, alteration, modification or repairs by other than Authorized Service Centers. One World Technologies, Inc. makes
no warranties, representations or promises as to the quality or performance of its power tools other than those specifically stated
in this warranty.
ADDITIONAL LIMITATIONS: Any implied warranties granted under state law, including warranties of merchantability or fitness
for a particular purpose, are limited to two years from the date of purchase. One World Technologies, Inc. is not responsible for
direct, indirect, or incidental damages, so the above limitations and exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you
specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
2
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
 ALWAYS WEAR SAFETY GLASSES WITH SIDE
SHIELDS. Everyday eyeglasses have only impactresistant lenses, they are NOT safety glasses.
WARNING:
Read and understand all instructions. Failure to follow
all instructions listed below, may result in electric shock,
fire and/or serious personal injury.
 SECURE WORK. Use clamps or a vise to hold work when
practical. It’s safer than using your hand and frees both
hands to operate tool.
 DON’T OVERREACH. Keep proper footing and
balance at all times.
READ ALL INSTRUCTIONS
 KNOW YOUR POWER TOOL. Read the operator’s
manual carefully. Learn the tool’s applications and
limitations as well as the specific potential hazards
related to this tool.
 MAINTAIN TOOLS WITH CARE. Keep tools sharp
and clean for better and safer performance. Follow instructions for lubricating and changing accessories.
 DISCONNECT TOOLS. When not in use, before
servicing, or when changing attachments, blades, bits,
cutters, etc., all tools should be disconnected.
 GUARD AGAINST ELECTRICAL SHOCK BY
PREVENTING BODY CONTACT WITH GROUNDED
SURFACES. For example: pipes, radiators, ranges,
refrigerator enclosures.
 AVOID ACCIDENTAL STARTING. Be sure switch is off
when plugging in any tool.
 KEEP GUARDS IN PLACE and in good working
order.
 USE RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES. Consult the
operator’s manual for recommended accessories. The
use of improper accessories may risk injury.
 REMOVE ADJUSTING KEYS AND WRENCHES. Form
habit of checking to see that keys and adjusting wrenches
are removed from tool before turning it on.
 NEVER STAND ON TOOL. Serious injury could occur if
the tool is tipped or if the cutting tool is unintentionally
contacted.
 KEEP WORK AREA CLEAN. Cluttered areas and benches
invite accidents. DO NOT leave tools or pieces of wood
on the tool while it is in operation.
 CHECK DAMAGED PARTS. Before further use of the
tool, a guard or other part that is damaged should be
carefully checked to determine that it will operate properly
and perform its intended function. Check for alignment
of moving parts, binding of moving parts, breakage of
parts, mounting and any other conditions that may affect
its operation. A guard or other part that is damaged must
be properly repaired or replaced by an authorized service
center to avoid risk of personal injury.
 DO NOT USE IN DANGEROUS ENVIRONMENTS. Do
not use power tools in damp or wet locations or expose
to rain. Keep the work area well lit.
 KEEP CHILDREN AND VISITORS AWAY. All visitors should wear safety glasses and be kept a safe
distance from work area. Do not let visitors contact
tool or extension cord while operating.
 MAKE WORKSHOP CHILDPROOF with padlocks and
master switches, or by removing starter keys.
 DON’T FORCE TOOL. It will do the job better and safer
at the feed rate for which it was designed.
 USE THE RIGHT DIRECTION OF FEED. Feed work into
a blade or cutter against the direction of rotation of blade
or cutter only.
 USE RIGHT TOOL. Don’t force the tool or attachment to
do a job it was not designed for. Don’t use it for a purpose
not intended.
 NEVER LEAVE TOOL RUNNING UNATTENDED. TURN
THE POWER OFF. Don’t leave tool until it comes to a
complete stop.
 USE THE PROPER EXTENSION CORD. Make sure your
extension cord is in good condition. Use only a cord heavy
enough to carry the current your product will draw. An
undersized cord will cause a drop in line voltage resulting in loss of power and overheating. A wire gauge size
(A.W.G.) of at least 14 is recommended for an extension
cord 50 feet or less in length. If in doubt, use the next
heavier gauge. The smaller the gauge number, the heavier
the cord.
 PROTECT YOUR LUNGS. Wear a face or dust mask if
the cutting operation is dusty.
 PROTECT YOUR HEARING. Wear hearing protection
during extended periods of operation.
 DO NOT ABUSE CORD. Never yank cord to disconnect from receptacle. Keep cord from heat, oil, and sharp
edges.
 USE OUTDOOR EXTENSION CORDS. When tool
is used outdoors, use only extension cords with
approved ground connection that are intended for use
outdoors and so marked.
 DRESS PROPERLY. Do not wear loose clothing, gloves,
neckties, or jewelry. They can get caught and draw you
into moving parts. Rubber gloves and nonskid footwear
are recommended when working outdoors. Also wear
protective hair covering to contain long hair.
 NEVER USE IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE.
Normal sparking of the motor could ignite fumes.
3
GENERAL SAFETY RULES
 INSPECT TOOL CORDS PERIODICALLY. If damaged, have repaired by a qualified service technician at
an authorized service facility. The conductor with insulation
having an outer surface that is green with or without yellow
stripes is the equipment-grounding conductor. If repair
or replacement of the electric cord or plug is necessary,
do not connect the equipment-grounding conductor to a
live terminal. Repair or replace a damaged or worn cord
immediately. Stay constantly aware of cord location and
keep it well away from the rotating blade.
use brake fluids, gasoline, petroleum-based products, or
any solvents to clean tool.
 STAY ALERT AND EXERCISE CONTROL. Watch what
you are doing and use common sense. Do not operate
tool when you are tired. Do not rush.
 DO NOT USE TOOL IF SWITCH DOES NOT TURN IT
ON AND OFF. Have defective switches replaced by an
authorized service center.
 NEVER TOUCH BLADE or other moving parts during
use.
 INSPECT EXTENSION CORDS PERIODICALLY and
replace if damaged.
 GROUND ALL TOOLS. If tool is equipped with threeprong plug, it should be plugged into a three-hole
electrical receptacle.
 NEVER START A TOOL WHEN ANY ROTATING COMPONENT IS IN CONTACT WITH THE WORKPIECE.
 DO NOT OPERATE A TOOL WHILE UNDER THE
INFLUENCE OF DRUGS, ALCOHOL, OR ANY
MEDICATION.
 CHECK WITH A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN or service
personnel if the grounding instructions are not completely
understood or if in doubt as to whether the tool is properly
grounded.
 USE ONLY CORRECT ELECTRICAL DEVICES: 3-wire
extension cords that have 3-prong grounding plugs and
3-pole receptacles that accept the tool’s plug.
 DO NOT MODIFY the plug provided. If it will not fit the
outlet, have the proper outlet installed by a qualified
electrician.
 WHEN SERVICING use only identical replacement parts.
Use of any other parts may create a hazard or cause
product damage.
 USE ONLY RECOMMENDED ACCESSORIES listed
in this manual or addendums. Use of accessories that
are not listed may cause the risk of personal injury.
Instructions for safe use of accessories are included
with the accessory.
 DOUBLE CHECK ALL SETUPS. Make sure blade is
tight and not making contact with tool or workpiece
before connecting to power supply.
 KEEP TOOL DRY, CLEAN, AND FREE FROM OIL AND
GREASE. Always use a clean cloth when cleaning. Never
SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES
 STOP THE MACHINE and recheck the hex head
bolts and blades for tightness after about 50 hours of
operation.
 NEVER PERFORM THE PLANING OPERATION with
the cutter head or cutter guard removed.
 NEVER MAKE A PLANING CUT deeper than 1/8 in.
 DO NOT FORCE FEED THE WORKPIECE through the
machine. Let the planer apply the proper feed rate.
 DO NOT PLANE MATERIAL shorter than 14 in. or
narrower than 3/4 in.
 CHECK THE FEED ROLLERS occasionally to be
sure there are no chips or sawdust between any
components.
 MAINTAIN THE PROPER RELATIONSHIP between the
infeed and outfeed surfaces and the cutter head blade
path.
 PLANE ONLY SOUND LUMBER; there should be no
loose knots and as few tight knots as possible. Make sure
the workpiece is free from nails, screws, stones, or other
foreign objects that could break or chip the blades.
 SUPPORT THE WORKPIECE ADEQUATELY at all
times during operation; maintain control of the work at
all times.
 NEVER FEED THE WORK from the rear of the planer.
 NEVER STAND DIRECTLY IN LINE with either the infeed
or outfeed sides. Stand off to one side.
 DO NOT ATTEMPT TO PERFORM an abnormal or little
used operation without the use of sturdy and adequate
jigs, fixtures, stops, and the like.
 MAKE SURE THE BLADES ARE ATTACHED as
described in the operation section. The blades are sharp
and can easily cut your hand. Use caution in handling the
blades and cutter head guard.
 NEVER plane more than one piece at a time. DO NOT
PLANE more than one workpiece on the planer table at
a time.
 BEFORE STARTING UP, recheck to make certain all
holding screws are tight.
4
SPECIFIC SAFETY RULES
 NEVER PUT YOUR FINGERS into the dust hood or under
the cutter guard.
 ALLOW THE CUTTER HEAD to reach full speed before
using the planer.
 REPLACEMENT PARTS. All repairs, whether electrical or
mechanical, should be made at your nearest authorized
service center.
 DO NOT attempt to turn cutter head with hands.
 IF ANY PART OF THIS TOOL IS MISSING or should
break, bend, or fail in any way, or should any electrical
component fail to perform properly, shut off the power
switch, remove the plug from the power source and
have damaged, missing, or failed parts replaced before
resuming operation.
 ALWAYS STAY ALERT! Do not allow familiarity (gained
from frequent use of your planer) to cause a careless
mistake. ALWAYS REMEMBER that a careless fraction
of a second is sufficient to inflict serious injury.
 MAKE SURE THE WORK AREA HAS AMPLE LIGHTING
to see the work and that no obstructions will interfere with
safe operation BEFORE performing any work using your
planer.
 ALWAYS TURN OFF TOOL before disconnecting it, to
avoid accidental starting when reconnecting to power
supply.
 IF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD IS DAMAGED, it must
be replaced only by the manufacturer or by an authorized
service center to avoid risk.
 SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. Refer to them
frequently and use to instruct other users. If you loan
someone this tool, loan them these instructions also.
WARNING:
Some dust created by power sanding, sawing, grinding, drilling, and other construction activities contains chemicals
known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Some examples of these chemicals are:
• lead from lead-based paints,
• crystalline silica from bricks and cement and other masonry products, and
• arsenic and chromium from chemically-treated lumber.
Your risk from these exposures varies, depending on how often you do this type of work. To reduce your exposure to
these chemicals, work in a well ventilated area, and work with approved safety equipment, such as those dust masks
that are specially designed to filter out microscopic particles.
5
SYMBOLS
Some of the following symbols may be used on this tool. Please study them and learn their meaning. Proper interpretation of these symbols will allow you to operate the tool better and safer.
SYMBOL
NAME
DESIGNATION/EXPLANATION
V
Volts
Voltage
A
Amperes
Current
Hz
Hertz
Frequency (cycles per second)
W
Watt
Power
Minutes
Time
Alternating Current
Type of current
Direct Current
Type or a characteristic of current
No Load Speed
Rotational speed, at no load
Class II Construction
Double-insulated construction
Per Minute
Revolutions, strokes, surface speed, orbits etc., per minute
Wet Conditions Alert
Do not expose to rain or use in damp locations.
Read The Operator’s Manual
To reduce the risk of injury, user must read and understand
operator’s manual before using this product.
Eye Protection
Always wear safety goggles, safety glasses with side shields, or
a full face shield when operating this product.
Safety Alert
Precautions that involve your safety.
No Hands Symbol
Failure to keep your hands away from the blade will result in
serious personal injury.
Hot Surface
To reduce the risk of injury or damage, avoid contact with any
hot surface.
min
no
.../min
6
SYMBOLS
The following signal words and meanings are intended to explain the levels of risk associated with this product.
SYMBOL
SIGNAL
MEANING
DANGER:
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, will result
in death or serious injury.
WARNING:
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, could result
in death or serious injury.
CAUTION:
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION:
(Without Safety Alert Symbol) Indicates a situation that may result in property
damage.
SERVICE
WARNING:
Servicing requires extreme care and knowledge and should
be performed only by a qualified service technician. For
service we suggest you return the product to the nearest
AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER for repair. When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
To avoid serious personal injury, do not attempt
to use this product until you read thoroughly and
understand completely the operator’s manual.
If you do not understand the warnings and instructions in the operator’s manual, do not use
this product. Call Ryobi customer service for
assistance.
WARNING:
The operation of any power tool can result in foreign objects being thrown into your eyes, which
can result in severe eye damage. Before beginning power tool operation, always wear safety
goggles or safety glasses with side shields and, when needed, a full face shield. We recommend
Wide Vision Safety Mask for use over eyeglasses or standard safety glasses with side shields.
Always use eye protection which is marked to comply with ANSI Z87.1.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
7
ELECTRICAL
EXTENSION CORDS
SPEED AND WIRING
Use only 3-wire extension cords that have 3-prong grounding plugs and 3-pole receptacles that accept the tool’s plug.
When using a power tool at a considerable distance from the
power source, use an extension cord heavy enough to carry
the current that the tool will draw. An undersized extension
cord will cause a drop in line voltage, resulting in a loss of
power and causing the motor to overheat. Use the chart
provided below to determine the minimum wire size required
in an extension cord. Only round jacketed cords listed by
Underwriter’s Laboratories (UL) should be used.
The no-load speed of this tool is approximately 10,000
r/min. (RPM). This speed is not constant and decreases
under a load or with lower voltage. For voltage, the wiring
in a shop is as important as the motor’s horsepower rating. A line intended only for lights cannot properly carry a
power tool motor. Wire that is heavy enough for a short distance will be too light for a greater distance. A line that can
support one power tool may not be able to support two
or three tools.
**Ampere rating (on tool data plate)
In the event of a malfunction or breakdown, grounding
provides a path of least resistance for electric current to
reduce the risk of electric shock. This tool is equipped with
an electric cord having an equipment-grounding conductor and a grounding plug. The plug must be plugged into a
matching outlet that is properly installed and grounded in
accordance with all local codes and ordinances.
Do not modify the plug provided. If it will not fit the outlet,
have the proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician.
Improper connection of the equipment-grounding conductor can result in a risk of electric shock. The conductor with
insulation having an outer surface that is green with or without
yellow stripes is the equipment-grounding conductor. If repair
or replacement of the electric cord or plug is necessary, do
not connect the equipment-grounding conductor to a live
terminal.
Check with a qualified electrician or service personnel if the
grounding instructions are not completely understood, or if
in doubt as to whether the tool is properly grounded.
Repair or replace a damaged or worn cord immediately.
This tool is intended for use on a circuit that has an outlet
like the one shown in figure 1. It also has a grounding pin
like the one shown.
0-2.0
2.1-3.4
Cord Length
3.5-5.0
5.1-7.0
GROUNDING INSTRUCTIONS
7.1-12.0 12.1-16.0
Wire Size (A.W.G.)
25'
16
16
16
16
14
14
50'
16
16
16
14
14
12
100'
16
16
14
12
10
—
**Used on 12 gauge - 20 amp circuit.
NOTE: AWG = American Wire Gauge
When working with the tool outdoors, use an extension cord
that is designed for outside use. This is indicated by the
letters “WA” on the cord’s jacket.
Before using an extension cord, inspect it for loose or
exposed wires and cut or worn insulation.
WARNING:
Keep the extension cord clear of the working area.
Position the cord so that it will not get caught on
lumber, tools or other obstructions while you are
working with a power tool. Failure to do so can
result in serious personal injury.
WARNING:
Check extension cords before each use. If damaged
replace immediately. Never use tool with a damaged cord since touching the damaged area
could cause electrical shock resulting in serious
injury.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION
This tool is powered by a precision built electric motor. It
should be connected to a power supply that is 120 V, AC
only, 60 Hz, (normal household current). Do not operate
this tool on direct current (DC). A substantial voltage drop
will cause a loss of power and the motor will overheat. If the
saw does not operate when plugged into an outlet, double
check the power supply.
GROUNDING
PIN
120 V GROUNDED OUTLET
Fig. 1
8
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
Anti-Kickback Pawls (radial arm and table saws)
A device which, when properly installed and maintained,
is designed to stop the workpiece from being kicked back
toward the front of the saw during a ripping operation.
Arbor
The shaft on which a blade or cutting tool is mounted.
Bevel Cut
A cutting operation made with the blade at any angle other
than 90° to the table surface.
Chamfer
A cut removing a wedge from a block so the end (or part of
the end) is angled rather than at 90°.
Compound Cut
A cross cut made with both a miter and a bevel angle.
Cross Cut
A cutting or shaping operation made across the grain or the
width of the workpiece.
Cutter Head (planers and jointers)
A rotating piece of adjustable blades. The cutter head
removes material from the workpiece.
Dado Cut
A non-through cut which produces a square-sided notch or
trough in the workpiece (requires a special blade).
Featherboard
A device used to help control the workpiece by guiding
it securely against the table or fence during any ripping
operation.
FPM or SPM
Feet per minute (or strokes per minute), used in reference
to blade movement.
Freehand
Performing a cut without the workpiece being guided by a
fence, miter gauge, or other aids.
Gum
A sticky, sap-based residue from wood products.
Heel
Alignment of the blade to the fence.
Kerf
The material removed by the blade in a through cut or the
slot produced by the blade in a non-through or partial cut.
Kickback
A hazard that can occur when the blade binds or stalls,
throwing the workpiece back toward operator.
Leading End
The end of the workpiece pushed into the tool first.
Miter Cut
A cutting operation made with the workpiece at any angle
to the blade other than 90°.
Non-Through Cuts
Any cutting operation where the blade does not extend
completely through the thickness of the workpiece.
Pilot Hole (drill presses)
A small hole drilled in a workpiece that serves as a guide for
drilling large holes accurately.
Push Blocks and Push Sticks
Devices used to feed the workpiece through the saw blade
during cutting operations. A push stick (not a push block)
should be used for narrow ripping operations. These aids
help keep the operator's hands well away from the blade.
Resaw
A cutting operation to reduce the thickness of the workpiece
to make thinner pieces.
Resin
A sticky, sap-based substance that has hardened.
Revolutions Per Minute (r/min.)
The number of turns completed by a spinning object in one
minute.
Ripping or Rip Cut
A cutting operation along the length of the workpiece.
Riving Knife/Spreader/Splitter (table saws)
A metal piece, slightly thinner than the blade, which helps
keep the kerf open and also helps to prevent kickback.
Saw Blade Path
The area over, under, behind, or in front of the blade. As it
applies to the workpiece, that area which will be or has been
cut by the blade.
Set
The distance that the tip of the saw blade tooth is bent (or
set) outward from the face of the blade.
Snipe (planers)
Depression made at either end of a workpiece by cutter
blades when the workpiece is not properly supported.
Through Sawing
Any cutting operation where the blade extends completely
through the thickness of the workpiece.
Throw-Back
The throwing back of a workpiece usually caused by the
workpiece being dropped into the blade or being placed
inadvertently in contact with the blade.
Workpiece or Material
The item on which the operation is being done.
Worktable
Surface where the workpiece rests while performing a
cutting, drilling, planing, or sanding operation.
9
FEATURES
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
Feed Rate ................................................................26 FPM
Max Planing Height ...................................................... 6 in.
No Load Speed ................................... 10,000 r/min. (RPM)
Max. Planing Width .................................................... 13 in.
Motor .................................................................. 2 HP Peak
Max. Planing Depth ................................................... 1/8 in.
Input .........................................120 V, AC Only, 60Hz, 15 A
Net Weight ............................................................. 53.5 lbs.
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
SWITCH
KEY
DUST
PORT
POWER
SWITCH
WORK
TABLE
THICKNESS
SCALE
Fig. 2
10
FEATURES
KNOW YOUR PLANER
DUST COLLECTION HOOD
See Figure 2.
Before attempting to use your portable planer, familiarize
yourself with all the operating and safety requirements.
The dust collection hood features a quick flip-up dumping door
and a 2-1/4 in. dust port for connecting to a shop vac.
HIGH-SPEED REVERSIBLE BLADES
15 AMP MOTOR
Two reversible high-speed blades provide twice the cutting
life.
Your planer has a powerful 15 amp motor with sufficient
power to handle tough cutting jobs.
POWER SWITCH AND SWITCH KEY
AUTOMATIC FEED
Your planer has an easy access power switch with a removable switch key.
Infeed and outfeed rollers feed the wood through the
planer.
THICKNESS SCALE
CUTTER HEAD ASSEMBLY
The cutter head assembly controls the depth of cut.
The thickness scale accurately displays the height of the
cutter blades to a maximum of 6 in.
DEPTH ADJUSTMENT HANDLE
WORK TABLE
The work table supports your workpiece.
The depth adjustment handle is used to raise and lower the
cutter head assembly.
LOOSE PARTS
3
2
6
5
1
4
Fig. 3
Key No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Description
Qty.
Depth Adjustment Handle ...................................................................................................................1
Screw ...................................................................................................................................................1
Switch Key ...........................................................................................................................................1
Magnetic Blade Wrench ......................................................................................................................1
Hex Key ...............................................................................................................................................1
Open-end Wrench ...............................................................................................................................1
11
ASSEMBLY
UNPACKING
WARNING:
This product requires assembly.
 Carefully remove the tool and any accessories from the
box. Place it on a level work surface.
If any parts are damaged or missing do not operate this
tool until the parts are replaced. Failure to heed this warning could result in serious personal injury.
NOTE: This tool is heavy. To avoid back injury, lift with
your legs, not your back, and get help when needed.
 Inspect the tool carefully to make sure no breakage or
damage occurred during shipping.
WARNING:
Do not attempt to modify this tool or create accessories not recommended for use with this tool. Any such
alteration or modification is misuse and could result in a
hazardous condition leading to possible serious personal
injury.
 Do not discard the packing material until you have
carefully inspected the tool, identified all loose parts,
and satisfactorily operated the tool.
 If any parts are damaged or missing, please call
1-800-525-2579 for assistance.
WARNING:
Do not connect to power supply until assembly is
complete. Failure to comply could result in accidental
starting and possible serious personal injury.
12
ASSEMBLY
MOUNTING THE PLANER
See Figure 4.
If the planer is to be used in a permanent location, it is recommended you secure it to a workbench or to a mounting
board that can be easily clamped to a workbench or other
stable surface.
When mounting the planer to a workbench, holes should be
drilled through the supporting surface of the workbench.
When mounting the planer to a mounting board, the board
should be of sufficient size to avoid tipping while planer is
in use. Any good grade plywood or chipboard with a 3/4 in.
minimum thickness is recommended.
 Mark holes on surface where planer is to be mounted
using holes in planer base as a template for hole
pattern.
 Drill four holes through the mounting surface.
 Place planer on mounting surface, aligning holes in the
planer base with holes drilled in the mounting surface.
 Insert four bolts (not included) and tighten securely with
lock washers and hex nuts (not included).
NOTE: All bolts should be inserted from the top. Install
the lock washers and hex nuts from the underside of the
mounting surface. If lag bolts are used, make sure they
are long enough to go through holes in planer base and
material the planer is being mounted to. If machine bolts
are used, make sure bolts are long enough to go through
holes in planer base, the material being mounted to, and
the lock washers and hex nuts.
MOUNTING
BOARD
WORKBENCH
Fig. 4
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE WITH
SCREW
Supporting surface where planer is mounted should be
examined carefully after mounting to insure that no movement during use can result. If any tipping or walking is noted,
secure workbench or support surface before beginning planing operation.
INSTALLING DEPTH ADJUSTMENT HANDLE
See Figure 5.
 Locate the hex key, depth adjustment handle, and hex
head screw among the loose parts.
Fig. 5
 Place the depth adjustment handle onto the depth gauge
shaft.
 Insert the screw through the hole in the handle and into
the threaded opening in the shaft.
 Using the hex key, rotate the screw clockwise to tighten
handle securely.
13
OPERATION
THICKNESS PLANING
WARNING:
Thickness planing sizes the workpiece to a desired thickness while creating a smooth, level surface. The thickness of
each cut will depend on the type of wood (hardwood versus
softwood), width of workpiece, straightness, dryness, and
grain composition. Whenever working with a new type of
wood, make thin test cuts on a scrap piece of wood first to
determine potential problems with the workpiece.
Do not allow familiarity with tools to make you careless.
Remember that a careless fraction of a second is sufficient to inflict serious injury.
WARNING:
PLANING TIPS
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating power tools. Failure to do so
could result in objects being thrown into your eyes resulting in possible serious injury.
 Thickness planers work best if at least one side of the
workpiece has a flat surface. When both sides of a
workpiece are rough, use a surface planer or jointer first
to define the initial flat surface. Plane one side of the
workpiece, then flip the workpiece and plane the surface
of the reverse side.
WARNING:
 Always plane both sides of a workpiece to reach the
desired thickness. This will leave the workpiece with
uniform moisture to prevent warping during the drying
process.
Do not use any attachments or accessories not recommended by the manufacturer of this tool. The use of attachments or accessories not recommended can result
in serious personal injury.
 When one end of the workpiece is thicker than the
opposite end by more than 1/8 in., make several cuts with
the planer starting with light planing cuts first. Remember,
light cuts create a finer finish than heavier cuts.
WARNING:
The use of this planer on materials not recommended
may damage the planer and may cause serious personal
injury.
 Do not plane a workpiece less than 3/16 in. thick.
 Do not plane a workpiece less than 3/4 in. wide.
 Do not plane a workpiece shorter than 14 in. long as this
will cause kickback.
WARNING:
 Do not plane more than one workpiece at a time.
 Do not lower the cutter head assembly lower than
3/16 in.
Never plane a workpiece with loose knots or foreign objects. Do not plane workpieces that are severely bowed,
twisted, or knotted. Cutter blades can dull, chip, or break,
causing possible serious personal injury.
� Do not use the planer set at the maximum depth of cut
(1/8 in.) and at full width of cut (13 in.). Continuous use
at maximum cutting capacity will damage the motor.
 Worn cutter blades will affect cutting accuracy. Planing
with dull or nicked cutter blades may produce ridges or
rough workpiece surfaces.
WARNING:
Do not force feed the workpiece through the machine.
Let the planer apply the proper feed rate.
 Gum and pitch on the cutter blades will cause them to
wear prematurely. Using a gum and pitch remover to keep
the cutter blades clean will prolong their wear.
APPLICATIONS
 Refer to the Maintenance section of this operator’s
manual for instructions on how to remove and replace
or turn the cutter blades.
You may use this tool for the purpose listed below:
 Planing the surface of solid wood and wood products
NOTE: Cutter blades are double-edged and can be turned
once to the opposite, unused edge before replacement
is required. Cutter blades must ALWAYS be replaced as
a set.
14
OPERATION
AVOIDING SNIPE
POWER SWITCH
Snipes, or depressions made at either end of a workpiece
by cutter blades, can occur when the board is not properly
supported. Although snipe may be barely noticeable, it is
important to keep the workpiece parallel and flat with the
planer table to minimize snipe. Butting workpieces end-toend as they are fed through the planer will minimize the
problem, especially for shorter pieces, because it provides
a more stable feed.
For workpieces longer than 48 in., greater care must be
taken to reduce the problem because the additional length
means more of the total weight is unsupported by the planer
table and rollers, causing the shifting weight to work against
keeping the stock flat.
To remove snipe from a finished workpiece, cut off the end
of the workpiece where snipe is noticeable.
See Figure 6.
The planer is equipped with a power switch that has a built-in
locking feature. This feature is intended to prevent unauthorized and possible hazardous use by children and others.
TO TURN THE PLANER ON:
 With the switch key inserted into the switch, lift the switch
to turn ON ( l ).
TO TURN THE PLANER OFF:
 With the switch key inserted into the switch, push the
switch down to turn OFF ( O ).
TO LOCK THE PLANER:
 Place the switch in the OFF ( O ) position.
 Remove the switch key from the switch and store in a
secure location.
WARPED WOOD
Little or no warpage is the ideal condition for planing a
workpiece. Simply turn the workpiece over and plane it to
the desired thickness. Otherwise, plane the top flat first, turn
the workpiece and plane the bottom half.
For a board that is cupped or bowed across its width, the best
method is to rip the board lengthwise down the middle and
plane the pieces separately. This method eliminates much
of the waste in planing cupped or bowed workpieces.
The only way to remove the bow from a workpiece that is
cupped or bowed down its length is to use a jointer.
Avoid using severely warped wood as it can jam the planer.
If it must be used, rip it in half before planing to help minimize the possibility of jamming. If jamming does occur, turn
the switch off and unplug the planer immediately. Raise the
cutter head assembly high enough to remove the workpiece
easily. Carefully check to make sure no damage to the tool
has occurred before making the next planing pass.
Always feed the workpiece in the direction of the grain. This
allows the cutter blades to sever the wood fibers instead of
tearing them. Feeding against the grain can also cause the
cutter blades to chip the workpiece.
WARNING:
Always remove the switch key when the tool is not in
use and keep it in a safe place. In the event of a power
failure, turn the switch OFF ( O ) and remove the key. This
action will prevent the tool from accidentally starting when
power returns.
WARNING:
Always make sure the workpiece is not in contact with
the blade before operating the switch to start the tool.
Failure to heed this warning may cause the workpiece to
be kicked back toward the operator and result in serious
personal injury.
SWITCH
KEY
Fig. 6
15
OPERATION
ADJUSTING THE PLANING DEPTH
See Figure 7.
The depth adjustment knob is used to set the amount of wood
being removed in a planing pass.
TO ADJUST THE PLANING DEPTH:
 Rotate the depth adjustment handle counterclockwise
to lower the cutter head to the current depth of your
workpiece.
DEPTH
ADJUSTMENT
HANDLE
DEPTH
ADJUSTING
KNOB
 Turn the depth adjusting knob until the zero on the knob
aligns with the groove on the handle.
 Select the amount to be removed by rotating the depth
adjustment handle. Each full revolution of the handle will
raise or lower the cutter head 1/16 in.
SCALE
ADJUSTMENT
NOTE: Never make a planing cut deeper than 1/8 in. for
material up to 6 in. wide or 1/16 in. for material between
6 in. and 13 in. wide.
Fig. 7
NOTE: Do not continuously use the planer at the maximum depth of cut (1/8 in.) as it will damage the motor.
PLANING
See Figure 8.
Use scrap wood for your first planing attempt. Once you have
planed the wood, check all measurements for accuracy. If
measurements are not exact, see Adjustments section for
further instructions.
Before each use of the planer, check for loose fasteners,
fittings, or hardware; be sure the dust hood is securely
mounted; and ensure the blade cutter rotates freely. Lower
the cutter head assembly to approximately 1 in. above the
planer table surface. Without putting any load on the planer,
test the motor by turning the planer on and allowing it to
reach full speed. If the planer sounds excessively loud or
has excessive vibration, turn off the machine immediately
and check again for any loose hardware, retightening any
you may find.
CEN
T
LIN ER
E
WARNING:
To avoid serious personal injury, do not stand directly
in line with the front or rear of the planer. If an object is
thrown from the planer, it will travel in this direction.
Fig. 8
 Stand to one side of the planer infeed area.
 Push slightly on the board and allow the automatic feed
to move the board through the planer.
 Turn switch ON ( l ).
 Release the board to allow the automatic feed to function
properly. Do not push or pull on the workpiece.
 Lift the work to the table by grasping the edges of the
board at approximately the middle of the length. Rest the
board end on the feed table and direct the board into the
planer.
 Move to one side at the rear of the planer and receive
the planed lumber by grasping it in the same manner as
it was fed. Do not grasp any portion of the board which
has not gone past the outfeed area of the table.
NOTE: Boards longer than 24 in. should have additional
support from free-standing material stands.
16
ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING:
Before performing any adjustment, make sure the tool is
unplugged from the power supply. Failure to heed this
warning could result in serious personal injury.
THICKNESS SCALE ADJUSTMENT
See Figure 9.
The thickness scale, located on the right front of the planer,
shows the depth of the finished workpiece. Inaccurate cuts
can be prevented by routinely checking the alignment of the
thickness scale.
 Plane a scrap piece of wood and measure the depth of
the finished piece.
 If properly adjusted, the depth of the finished piece should
be the same as indicated on the thickness scale.
 If out of adjustment, loosen the two screws holding the
scale indicator and adjust the thickness indicator to the
correct setting.
Fig. 9
 Retighten screws securely.
BLADE ADJUSTMENT
THUMB
SCREWS
See Figures 10 - 11.
Tiny nicks may appear on the blades as a result of picking
up sand or other particles on a workpiece and then running the workpiece through the planer. Slight adjustments
can be made to one or both blades to offset such planing
imperfections.
 Unplug the planer and remove the switch key.
 Lower the cutter head assembly.
 Remove the two thumb screws holding the dust hood in
place; remove hood and set aside.
 Rotate the cutter head, which is most easily accomplished
from beneath the cutter head assembly.
• Using the planer table as a mirror, touch the threaded
spindle where it meets the planer table.
• Carefully move your fingers up the spindle until you
touch the drive belt.
• Turn the drive belt with your fingers until the cutter
head locks in place.
Fig. 10
WARNING:
SLIDE
BLADE
To avoid injury, NEVER rotate the cutter head by hand.
 Using the open-end wrench, loosen the blade locking
bolts that secure the blade in the cutter head.
 Push the notched end of the cutter blade on either the
left or right side to shift the blade as desired. The blade
can be shifted up to 3/64 in.
 Retighten the blade locking bolts securely.
LOOSEN
 Replace dust hood; reinstall thumb screws to secure.
17
Fig. 11
MAINTENANCE
BLADE REPLACEMENT
WARNING:
See Figure 12.
The planer is equipped with two double-edged blades
(replacement part number AC8630) attached to a rotating
cutter head. Worn blades will affect cutting accuracy and
may produce ridges on the workpiece.
TO REPLACE:
 Unplug the planer and remove the switch key.
When servicing, use only identical replacement parts.
Use of any other parts may create a hazard or cause
product damage.
WARNING:
 Lower the cutter head assembly.
Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields during power tool operation or when blowing
dust. If operation is dusty, also wear a dust mask.
 Remove the two thumb screws holding the dust hood in
place; remove dust hood and set aside.
NOTE: With the dust hood removed, the cutter head lock
will engage when the head is rotated. Do not operate the
planer without the dust hood in place or the planer will
be damaged.
WARNING:
To prevent accidental starting that could cause possible
serious personal injury, turn off the tool, remove the
switch key, and unplug the planer before performing
any maintenance or adjustment.
 Rotate the cutter head until the lock engages. This will
correctly position one of the blades for removal.
NOTE: Rotating the cutter head is accomplished from
beneath the cutter head assembly. Using the planer table
as a mirror, touch the threaded spindle on the right side
of the planer where it attaches to the planer table. Carefully move your fingers up until you touch the drive belt.
Turn the drive belt with your fingers until the cutter head
locks into place.
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
Avoid using solvents when cleaning plastic parts. Most
plastics are susceptible to damage from various types of
commercial solvents and may be damaged by their use. Use
clean cloths to remove dirt, dust, oil, grease, etc.
WARNING:
WARNING:
To avoid injury, never rotate the cutter head by hand.
Do not at any time let brake fluids, gasoline, petroleumbased products, penetrating oils, etc., come in contact
with plastic parts. Chemicals can damage, weaken or
destroy plastic which may result in serious personal
injury.
CUTTER HEAD
LOCK
LUBRICATION
Periodically, check all moving parts (spindle, roller surfaces,
handles, etc.) to ensure they are clean and well lubricated. A
light film of oil wiped on the face of the cutter blades will keep
them rust-free. All of the bearings in this tool are lubricated
with a sufficient amount of high grade lubricant for the life
of the unit under normal operating conditions. No further
lubrication is required.
2.
1.
MOTOR/ELECTRICAL
The universal motor is easy to maintain but must be kept
clean. Do not allow water, oil or sawdust to accumulate on
or in it. The sealed bearings are permanently lubricated and
need no further attention.
Fig. 12
18
MAINTENANCE
 Using the open-end wrench, carefully loosen the blade
locking screws ( 1 ).
 Using the notched end of the magnetic blade wrench,
remove the blade from the cutter head by hooking the
notch over the end of the blade and pulling straight out.
Use the magnet on the other end of the tool to help remove the blade from the planer ( 2 ).
 If you are changing to the second edge of the blade, rotate
the blade “end for end” keeping the same flat side down.
This will correctly position the blade to reinstall.
NOTE: Blades should be cleaned of gum and pitch before
reinstalling.
 If you are installing a new set of cutter blades, lightly oil
each blade before installing.
 Place blade into the opening on the cutter head and push
in firmly to seat. Visually check that the blade edge is
parallel to the cutter head slot.
BRUSH
 Retighten the blade locking screws securely.
BRUSH CAP
 Depress the cutter lock lever and begin to rotate the cutter head to the next blade. Release the lock lever once
the cutter head begins to rotate and continue to rotate
until the lock engages and the second blade is in correct
position for removal.
Fig. 13
CLEANING
Sawdust buildup and other debris can cause the tool to
plane inaccurately. Periodic cleaning and waxing is needed
for accurate, precision planing.
Do not allow sawdust to accumulate on the planer. Clean
the dust hood after each use.
 Replace second blade using the same procedures as
outlined above.
 Replace the dust hood and reinstall thumb screws to
secure.
DANGER:
BRUSH REPLACEMENT
Rotating blades under dust hood. In order to avoid
personal injury, keep fingers away.
See Figure 13.
Externally accessible brush assemblies are located at the
right front and the left rear of the planer. These brushes
should be inspected every 10 to 15 operating hours for wear.
Replace both brushes when either brush has less than 1/4 in.
of carbon remaining.
NOTE: The dust hood may be removed for easier access
when removing the rear brush cap.
 Unplug planer and remove the switch key.
Moving parts should be cleaned regularly with penetrating
oil and lubricated with a light coating of medium-weight
machine oil.
Paste wax should be applied to the planing table surface to
ease the movement of workpieces across it, but be careful
not to use so much that it will be absorbed into the wood
and interfere with staining.
Check feed rollers after each use for resin buildup, because
feed rollers must be clean to be effective. If buildup occurs,
use a mild, nonflammable tar and pitch remover.
 Using a flat-head screwdriver, unscrew the brush cap.
The brush assembly is spring-loaded and will pop out
when you remove the cap.
 Remove the brush assembly (brush and spring) and
inspect for wear. If less than 1/4 in. of carbon remains
on brush, replace both brush assemblies. Never replace
one side without replacing the other.
 Install new brush assembly, if required, or reinstall old
brush assembly.
 Replace cap and tighten to secure.
19
TROUBLESHOOTING
Problem
Possible Cause
Solution
Unit not securely mounted
Replace or turn cutter blades.
Butt pieces end-to-end as they are
fed into planer.
Tighten lag bolts.
Torn grain
Too deep a blade setting
Workpiece being fed against grain
Dull cutter blades
Reduce depth of cut.
Feed other end of board first.
Replace or turn cutter blades.
Fuzzy/rough grain
High wood moisture content
Dull cutter blades
Too deep a blade setting
Incorrect feeding speed
Dry wood before planing.
Replace or turn cutter blades.
Reduce depth of cut.
Check for adequate power supply.
Check cord and plug for damage.
Check condition of motor brushes.
Uneven depth of cut
Cutter head assembly not level with
planer surface
Unstable roller spring pressure
Adjust elevation screws.
Snipe (depressions at ends of
workpiece)
Dull cutter blades
Incorrect butted stock
Feed roller worn unevenly
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Board thickness does not match
depth scale indicator
Depth scale incorrectly set
Dirty planing table
Adjust depth scale.
Clean and wax planing table.
Cutter head height difficult to
adjust
Dirty spindle
Worn chain
Clean and lubricate spindle.
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Will not start
Not plugged in
Blown circuit
Check power source.
Replace fuse, reset breaker, or call
electrician.
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Have service performed by an
authorized service center.
Motor failure
Loose wire
ON/OFF switch malfunction
Interrupted operation
Unit overloaded
Circuit overloaded
20
Reduce load.
Operate on circuit separate from
other appliances or motors or connect to circuit with adequate amp
rating.
NOTES
21
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
13 in. PORTABLE PLANER
AP1301
• SERVICE
Now that you have purchased your tool, should a need ever exist for repair parts or service,
simply contact your nearest Authorized Service Center. Be sure to provide all pertinent
facts when you call or visit. Please call 1-800-525-2579 for your nearest Authorized
Service Center. You can also check our web site at www.ryobitools.com for a complete
list of Authorized Service Centers.
• MODEL NO. AND SERIAL NO.
The model number of this tool will be found on a plate attached to the motor housing.
Please record the model number and serial number in the space provided below.
• HOW TO ORDER REPAIR PARTS
When ordering repair parts, always give the following information:
•
MODEL NUMBER
•
SERIAL NUMBER
AP1301
Ryobi® is a registered trademark of Ryobi® Limited used under license.
ONE WORLD TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
1428 Pearman Dairy Road, Anderson, SC 29625
Phone 1-800-525-2579
www.ryobitools.com
983000-828
9-10-07 (REV:03)
22
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