59p2105
xSeries 225
Type 8647
Option Installation Guide
IBM xSeries 225
Type 8647
򔻐򗗠򙳰
Option Installation Guide
SC59-P210-50
Note:
Before using this information and the product it supports, read the general information in “Notices” on page 49.
First Edition (November 2002)
© Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2002. All rights reserved.
US Government Users Restricted Rights – Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract
with IBM Corp.
Contents
Safety
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . .
Related publications . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Notices and statements used in this book . . . . .
Major components of the xSeries 225 Type 8647 server
System-board option connectors . . . . . . . . .
System-board internal connectors . . . . . . . .
System-board external connectors . . . . . . . .
System-board error LEDs . . . . . . . . . . .
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Chapter 2. Installing options. . . . . . .
Installation guidelines . . . . . . . . . .
System reliability considerations . . . . .
Handling static-sensitive devices . . . . .
Server power features. . . . . . . . . .
Turning on the server . . . . . . . . .
Turning off the server . . . . . . . . .
Moving the stabilizing feet . . . . . . . .
Removing the side cover . . . . . . . .
Removing the bezel . . . . . . . . . .
Removing and installing the support bracket .
Working with adapters . . . . . . . . .
Adapter considerations . . . . . . . .
Installing an adapter . . . . . . . . .
Cabling an optional SCSI adapter . . . .
Installing internal drives . . . . . . . . .
Internal drive bays . . . . . . . . .
Working with hot-swap drives . . . . .
Installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives. .
Installing a 5.25-inch removable-media drive
Power and signal cables for internal drives
Installing memory modules . . . . . . .
Installing an additional microprocessor . . .
Configuring the operating system . . . .
Installing the additional microprocessor . .
Installing a security rope clip . . . . . . .
Replacing a hot-swap power supply . . . .
Replacing the battery . . . . . . . . .
Completing the option installation . . . . .
Replacing the bezel . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the side cover . . . . . . .
Updating your server configuration. . . .
Connecting external options . . . . . . .
Installing the server in a rack. . . . . . .
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. 41
. 41
Chapter 3. Input/output ports .
Audio connectors . . . . . .
Line in . . . . . . . . .
Line out . . . . . . . .
Microphone . . . . . . .
Auxiliary-device (pointing-device)
Ethernet (RJ-45) connector . .
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© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
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connector
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1
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2
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43
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iii
Keyboard connector . . . . .
Parallel connector . . . . . .
Serial connectors . . . . . .
Ultra320 SCSI connector . . .
SCSI cabling requirements .
Universal Serial Bus connectors
Video connector . . . . . .
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Appendix. Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Edition notice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electronic emission notices . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement . .
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement .
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement . . . . .
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement. .
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement . .
Taiwan electrical emission statement . . . . . . . . .
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI)
Power cords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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49
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Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
iv
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Safety
Before installing this product, read the Safety Information.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações de Segurança.
Pred instalací tohoto produktu si prectete prírucku bezpecnostních instrukcí.
Læs sikkerhedsforskrifterne, før du installerer dette produkt.
Lees voordat u dit product installeert eerst de veiligheidsvoorschriften.
Ennen kuin asennat tämän tuotteen, lue turvaohjeet kohdasta Safety Information.
Avant d’installer ce produit, lisez les consignes de sécurité.
Vor der Installation dieses Produkts die Sicherheitshinweise lesen.
Prima di installare questo prodotto, leggere le Informazioni sulla Sicurezza.
Les sikkerhetsinformasjonen (Safety Information) før du installerer dette produktet.
Antes de instalar este produto, leia as Informações sobre Segurança.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
v
Antes de instalar este producto lea la información de seguridad.
Läs säkerhetsinformationen innan du installerar den här produkten.
Statement 1
Danger
Electrical current from power, telephone, and communication cables is hazardous.
To avoid a shock hazard:
v Do not connect or disconnect any cables or perform installation, maintenance, or
reconfiguration of this product during an electrical storm.
v Connect all power cords to a properly wired and grounded electrical outlet.
v Connect to properly wired outlets any equipment that will be attached to this
product.
v When possible, use one hand only to connect or disconnect signal cables.
v Never turn on any equipment when there is evidence of fire, water, or structural
damage.
v Disconnect the attached power cords, telecommunications systems, networks, and
modems before you open the device covers, unless instructed otherwise in the
installation and configuration procedures.
v Connect and disconnect cables as described in the following table when installing,
moving, or opening covers on this product or attached devices.
To connect:
To disconnect:
1. Turn everything OFF.
1. Turn everything OFF.
2. First, attach all cables to devices.
2. First, remove power cords from outlet.
3. Attach signal cables to connectors.
3. Remove signal cables from connectors.
4. Attach power cords to outlet.
4. Remove all cables from devices.
5. Turn device ON.
Statement 2
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a
module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made
by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not
properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water.
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
vi
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or
transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in
exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the
device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
Danger
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the
following. Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with
optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Statement 4
≥18 kg (39.7 lb)
≥32 kg (70.5 lb)
CAUTION:
Use safe practices when lifting.
≥55 kg (121.2 lb)
Safety
vii
Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power-control button on the device and the power switch on the power supply do
not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device also might have
more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current from the device, ensure
that all power cords are disconnected from the power source.
2
1
Statement 8
CAUTION:
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label
attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that
has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you
suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact a service technician.
Statement 12
CAUTION:
The following label indicates a hot surface nearby.
Statement 13
DANGER:
Overloading a branch circuit is potentially a fire hazard and a shock hazard under
certain conditions. To avoid these hazards, ensure that your system electrical
requirements do not exceed the branch circuit protection requirements. Refer to the
information that is provided with your IBM device for electrical specifications.
viii
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Statement 15
CAUTION:
Make sure that the rack is secured properly to avoid tipping when the server unit is
extended.
Statement 23
CAUTION:
Do not place any object weighing more than 50 kg (110 lb) on top of rack-mounted
devices.
>50 kg (110 lb)
Declaración 23
PRECAUCIÓN:
No coloque ningún objeto que pese más de 50 kg (110 libras) encima de los
dispositivos montados en bastidor.
>50 kg (110 libras)
Hinweis 23
ACHTUNG:
Keine Gegenstände, die mehr als 50 kg wiegen, auf Rack-Einheiten ablegen.
>50 kg
Safety
ix
Notice nø 23
ATTENTION:
Ne posez pas d’objet dont le poids dépasse 50 kg sur les unités montées en armoire.
>50 kg
Varningsmeddelande 23
VARNING:
Placera inte något föremål som väger mer än 50 kg ovanpå rackmonterade enheter.
>50 kg
Merknad 23
ADVARSEL:
Ikke sett gjenstander som veier mer enn 50 kg oppå enheter som er montert i et
kabinett.
>50 kg
x
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Avviso 23
ATTENZIONE:
Non poggiare oggetti che pesano più di 50 kg sulla parte superiore delle unità montate
in rack.
>50 kg
Turvaohje 23
Varoitus:
Telineeseen asennettujen laitteiden päälle ei saa asettaa yli 50 kilon painoista esinettä.
>50 kg
Voorschrift 23
WAARSCHUWING:
Plaats geen objecten die meer dan 50 kg wegen op apparaten die in het rek zijn
gemonteerd.
>50 kg
Safety
xi
Forskrift 23
Pas på!:
Anbring ikke genstande, der vejer mere end 50 kg, oven på enheder, der er monteret i
rack.
>50 kg
Instrução 23
CUIDADO:
Não coloque nenhum objeto com peso superior a 50 kg (110 lbs.) sobre dispositivos
montados em rack.
>50 kg (110 lbs)
xii
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
23
50
50
110
110
Safety
xiii
23
50
50
23
·
50
50
23
50
50
xiv
110
110
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
23
50
> 50 Kg
23
50
50
110
110
23
50
50
110
110
Safety
xv
23
50
50
23
50
50
110
110
23
50
50
xvi
110
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
110
23
50
50
110
23
50
50
110
110
Safety
xvii
23
50
50
110
110
Instrução 23
CUIDADO:
Não coloque nenhum objeto com peso superior a 50 kg (110 lbs.) sobre dispositivos
montados em rack.
>50 kg (110 lbs)
xviii
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Chapter 1. Introduction
This Option Installation Guide contains instructions for installing, removing, and
connecting optional devices that your server supports.
The latest version of this publication is available from the IBM® Web site. Go to
http://www.ibm.com/ and click Support & downloads. In the Technical support
keyword search field, type 8647 and click Go. A list of publications for your server is
displayed.
Related publications
In addition to this Option Installation Guide, the following documentation comes with
your server:
v User’s Guide
This publication is in Portable Document Format (PDF) on the IBM xSeries™
Documentation CD. It contains general information about your server.
v Installation Guide
This printed publication contains instructions for setting up your server and basic
instructions for installing some options.
v Safety Information
This publication is in PDF on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. It contains
translated caution and danger statements. Each caution and danger statement
that appears in the documentation has a number that you can use to locate the
corresponding statement in your language in the Safety Information book.
v Hardware Maintenance Manual and Troubleshooting Guide
This publication is in PDF on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD. It contains
information to help you solve problems yourself, and it contains information for
service technicians.
Depending on your server model, additional publications might be included on the
IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
Notices and statements used in this book
The caution and danger statements that appear in this book are also in the
multilingual Safety Information book, which is on the IBM xSeries Documentation
CD. Each statement is numbered for reference to the corresponding statement in
the Safety Information book.
The following notices and statements are used in the documentation:
v Notes: These notices provide important tips, guidance, or advice.
v Important: These notices provide information or advice that might help you avoid
inconvenient or problem situations.
v Attention: These notices indicate potential damage to programs, devices, or
data. An attention notice is placed just before the instruction or situation in which
damage could occur.
v Caution: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially hazardous
to you. A caution statement is placed just before the description of a potentially
hazardous procedure step or situation.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
1
v Danger: These statements indicate situations that can be potentially lethal or
extremely hazardous to you. A danger statement is placed just before the
description of a potentially lethal or extremely hazardous procedure step or
situation.
Major components of the xSeries 225 Type 8647 server
The orange color on components and labels in your server identifies hot-swap or
hot-plug components. You can install or remove these components while the server
is running, provided that the server is configured to support hot-swap and hot-plug
features. For complete details about installing or removing a hot-swap or hot-plug
component, see the information in Chapter 2, “Installing options” on page 7.
The blue color on components and labels indicates touch points where a
component can be gripped, a latch moved, and so on.
The following illustration shows the major components in the server.
Note: The illustrations in this publication might differ slightly from your hardware.
Cover
Air baffle
Filler
panels
EMC shield
Rear adapterretaining bracket
Adapter airflow
guide
Microprocessor
Heatsink
Large hot-swap
drive cage
Front adaptersupport bracket
Memory module
Frame-support bracket
2
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Bezel
Bezel
door
System-board option connectors
The following illustration shows the system-board connectors for user-installable
options.
DIMM 1
DIMM 2
DIMM 3
DIMM 4
Microprocessor 1
(CPU1)
Microprocessor 2
(CPU2)
AGP Pro slot
Battery
PCI slot 1
(PCI1)
PCI-X slot 2
(PCI2)
Video
adapter
Mini-PCI
type III slot 6
(PCI6)
PCI-X slot 3
(PCI3)
PCI-X slot 4
(PCI4)
PCI-X slot 5
(PCI5)
Remote Supervisor Adapter (JMGT1)
System-board internal connectors
The following illustration shows the internal connectors on the system board.
Rear fan 1
(SYSFAN1)
Main power
(POWER1)
Diskette
drive (FDD1)
Secondary IDE
(IDE2)
Power
(POWER2)
Primary IDE
(IDE1)
Error LED
(JER2)
Cover switch
(JCI2)
Rear fan 2
(SYSFAN2)
CD audio
(JCD1)
Front panel
switch/LEDs
(JFP1)
SCSI
channel A
(SCSI1)
PCI fan
(SYSFANS)
Wake-on-LAN
(JWL)
SCSI LED
(J18)
SCSI
channel B
(SCSI2)
Chapter 1. Introduction
3
System-board external connectors
The following illustration shows the external input/output port connectors on the
system board.
Mouse
Keyboard
USB 1/
USB 2
Parallel
(LPT1)
Serial A/
Serial B
(COMA/
COMB)
Ethernet
Audio
Front panel USB (JUSB3)
System-board error LEDs
The following illustration shows the LEDs on the system board. You might need to
refer to this illustration when solving problems with the server.
DIMM 1 error LED
(D27)
Fan 1
error LED
(D2)
DIMM 2 error LED
(D26)
Fan 2
error LED
(D19)
DIMM 3 error LED
(D29)
Microprocessor 2
error LED
(D32)
DIMM 4 error LED
(D28)
SCSI controller
status LED
(D45)
PCI fan error LED
(D55)
Table 1. Error LEDs
4
Error LED
Without optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
With optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
DIMM error (D26, D27, D28,
D29)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
Memory problem (also turns
on system error LED on the
front bezel)
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Table 1. Error LEDs (continued)
Error LED
Without optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
With optional Remote
Supervisor Adapter
Microprocessor 2 error (D32)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Microprocessor 2 problem
(also turns on system error
LED on the front bezel)
Fan error (D2, D19, D55)
No function
Fan failure
Hard disk error (LEDs on
hot-swap hard disk drives)
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Hot-swap hard disk drive
failure
Chapter 1. Introduction
5
6
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Chapter 2. Installing options
This chapter provides detailed instructions for adding hardware options to your
server. Some option-removal instructions are provided in case you need to remove
one option to install another.
Installation guidelines
Before you begin installing options in your server, read the following information:
v Review the safety information beginning on page v and the guidelines in
“Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 8. These guidelines will help you work
safely with your server and options.
v When you need to access the inside of the server to install options, you might
find it easier to lay the server on its side. If your server has stabilizing feet that
rotate, before laying the server on its side, rotate the stabilizing feet a quarter
turn inward toward the server, so that they do not break. Before returning the
server to an upright position, rotate the stabilizing feet a quarter turn outward
from the server. See “Moving the stabilizing feet” on page 10 for more
information.
v Make sure that you have an adequate number of properly grounded electrical
outlets for your server, monitor, and other devices that you will connect to the
server.
v Back up all important data before you make changes to disk drives.
v Have a small flat-blade screwdriver available.
v You do not need to turn off the server to install or replace hot-swap power
supplies, hot-swap drives, or hot-plug Universal Serial Bus (USB) devices.
v The blue color on components and labels identifies touch points, where you can
grip a component, move a latch, and so on.
v For a list of supported options for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on the World Wide Web.
System reliability considerations
To help ensure proper system cooling and system reliability, make sure that:
v Each of the drive bays has a drive or a filler panel and electromagnetic
compatibility (EMC) shield installed.
v If the server has redundant power, each of the power-supply bays has a power
supply installed in it.
v There is adequate space around the server to allow the server cooling system to
work properly. Leave approximately 50 mm (2 in.) of open space around the front
and rear of the server. Do not place objects in front of the fans. For proper
cooling and airflow, replace the server cover before turning on the server.
Operating the server for extended periods of time (over 30 minutes) with the
server cover removed might damage server components.
When installing the server in a rack, make sure that space is available around
the server to enable the server cooling system to work properly. See the
documentation that comes with the rack for additional information.
v You have followed the cabling instructions that come with optional adapters.
v You have replaced a failed fan as soon as possible.
v You replace a hot-swap drive within 2 minutes of its removal.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
7
v You do not remove the air baffle when the server is operational. Operating the
server without the air baffle might cause the microprocessor to overheat.
v Microprocessor socket 2 always contains either a microprocessor baffle or a
microprocessor and heat sink.
Handling static-sensitive devices
Attention: Static electricity can damage electronic devices, including your server.
To avoid damage, keep static-sensitive devices in their static-protective packages
until you are ready to install them.
To reduce the possibility of electrostatic discharge, observe the following
precautions:
v Limit your movement. Movement can cause static electricity to build up around
you.
v Handle the device carefully, holding it by its edges or its frame.
v Do not touch solder joints, pins, or exposed circuitry.
v Do not leave the device where others can handle and damage it.
v While the device is still in its static-protective package, touch it to an unpainted
metal part of the server for at least 2 seconds. This drains static electricity from
the package and from your body.
v Remove the device from its package and install it directly into the server without
setting down the device. If it is necessary to set down the device, put it back into
its static-protective package. Do not place the device on your server cover or on
a metal surface.
v Take additional care when handling devices during cold weather. Heating reduces
indoor humidity and increases static electricity.
Server power features
When the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on, the
operating system does not run, and all core logic is shut down; however, the server
can respond to remote requests to turn on the server. The power-on LED flashes to
indicate that the server is connected to an ac power source but is not turned on
(standby mode).
Turning on the server
Notes:
1. Turn on all external devices, such as the monitor, before turning on the server.
2. The power-on LED on the front of the server is lit when the server is on and
while it is powering-up.
3. You can install a circular disk over the power-control button to prevent
accidental manual power-off. This disk, known as the power-control button
shield, comes with your server.
Approximately 20 seconds after the server is connected to ac power, the
power-control button becomes active, and you can turn on the server and start the
operating system by pressing the power-control button. The server can also be
turned on in any of the following ways:
v If a power failure occurs while the server is turned on, the server will restart
automatically when power is restored.
8
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
v If the server is connected to an ASM interconnect network that contains at least
one server with an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter installed, the server can
be turned on from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v If an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in the server, the server can
be turned on from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v When you plug in your server for the first time, the Wake on LAN® feature can
turn on the server. If your server was previously turned on, it must be properly
turned off for the Wake on LAN feature to turn on the server.
Note: When 4 GB or more of memory (physical or logical) is installed, some
memory is reserved for various system resources and is unavailable to the
operating system. The amount of memory that is reserved for system
resources depends on the operating system, the configuration of the server,
and the configured PCI options.
Turning off the server
When you turn off the server and leave it connected to ac power, the server can
respond to remote requests to turn on the server. To remove all power from the
server, you must disconnect it from the power source.
Some operating systems require an orderly shutdown before you turn off the server.
See your operating-system documentation for information about shutting down the
operating system.
Statement 5
CAUTION:
The power-control button on the device and the power switch on the power
supply do not turn off the electrical current supplied to the device. The device
also might have more than one power cord. To remove all electrical current
from the device, ensure that all power cords are disconnected from the power
source.
2
1
Note: After turning off the server, wait at least 5 seconds before you press the
power-control button to turn on the server again.
The server can be turned off in any of the following ways:
v You can turn off the server from the operating system, if your operating system
supports this feature. After an orderly shutdown of the operating system, the
server will be turned off automatically.
v You can press the power-control button to start an orderly shutdown of the
operating system and turn off the server, if your operating system supports this
feature.
v If the operating system stops functioning, you can press and hold the
power-control button for more than 4 seconds to turn off the server.
Chapter 2. Installing options
9
v If the server is connected to an ASM interconnect network that contains at least
one system with an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter installed, the server can
be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v If an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter is installed in the server, the server can
be turned off from the Remote Supervisor Adapter user interface.
v The server can turn itself off as an automatic response to a critical system
failure.
Moving the stabilizing feet
On some server models, the four feet on the bottom of the server rotate 90 degrees
to provide additional stability.
When installing options in the server, you might find it easier to lay the server on its
side. If you do so, rotate the feet inward toward the server, so that they do not
break.
10
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Removing the side cover
To remove the side cover, you might find it easier to lay the server on its side. If
you do, and your server has stabilizing feet that rotate, move the stabilizing feet so
that they do not break (see “Moving the stabilizing feet” on page 10).
Complete the following steps to remove the side cover of the server:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then disconnect all external cables.
4. Unlock the side cover; then, pull the cover-release latch away from the server,
and push the cover toward the rear of the server. Lift the side cover off the
server and set it aside.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the cover before turning on the
server. Operating the server with the cover removed might damage server
components.
Chapter 2. Installing options
11
Removing the bezel
When working with some devices, such as additional optical drives, you must first
remove the bezel to access the device.
Complete the following steps to remove the bezel:
1. Remove the side cover (“Removing the side cover” on page 11).
2. For hot-swap hard disk drive models:
a. Open the server door.
b. Rotate the hot-swap lock bar forward and remove it from the bezel (see the
illustration on page 21). If the hot-swap lock bar will not rotate, press the top
of the hot-swap lock bar to release the lock mechanism.
3. Locate the bezel-release lever; then, press the bezel-release lever toward the
front of the server.
4. Pull the top of the bezel away from the chassis; then, push the bezel down to
disengage the bottom tabs.
5. Remove the bezel from the server and store the bezel in a safe place.
For instructions for replacing the bezel, see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39.
12
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Removing and installing the support bracket
When working with some devices, such as hard disk drives, adapters, and memory
modules, you must first remove the support bracket to access the device.
Complete the following steps to remove the support bracket:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Remove the side cover (“Removing the side cover” on page 11).
3. Pull out on the rear end of the support bracket approximately 150 mm (6 in.).
4. Disengage the front end of the support bracket from the server and set the
bracket aside.
To reinstall the support bracket, reverse the previous steps.
Working with adapters
Your server comes with adapter connectors or slots. The standard video adapter is
installed in mini-PCI slot 6 (PCI6). You can install up to five additional optional
adapters in PCI slot 1 (PCI1) and PCI-X slots 2 through 5 (PCI2 through PCI5).
See “System-board option connectors” on page 3 for the locations of expansion
slots on the system board.
Adapter considerations
Before you install an adapter, review the following information:
v Read the documentation that comes with your operating system.
v Locate the documentation that comes with the adapter and follow those
instructions in addition to the instructions in this chapter. If you need to change
the switch or jumper settings on your adapter, follow the instructions that come
with the adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing options
13
v Installation of an AGP video adapter in the AGP slot is not supported.
v You can install only a 32-bit adapter in the 32-bit PCI slot 1 and 64-bit adapters
in the 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 through 5.
v You can install full-length adapters in all five expansion slots; however, full-length,
double-width adapters will not fit in slot 5 and are not supported. None of the
expansion slots are hot-plug.
v The 32-bit PCI slot 1 supports 5.0 V signaling PCI adapters; it does not support
3.3 V signaling adapters or 64-bit adapters.
v The 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 through 5 support 3.3 V signaling PCI or PCI-X
adapters; they do not support 5.0 V signaling adapters.
v The PCI bus configuration is as follows:
– The 32-bit PCI slot 1 and mini-PCI slot 6 (video adapter) are on the 33 MHz
PCI bus.
Note: Do not install any adapters other than the standard video adapter in
slot 6. Other adapter types are not supported.
– The 64-bit PCI-X slots 2 and 3 and the integrated Ethernet controller are on
the 100 MHz PCI-X bus, channel A.
– The 64-bit PCI-X slots 4 and 5 and the integrated SCSI controller with RAID
capabilities are on the 100 MHz PCI bus, channel B. If an optional
ServeRAID™-5i controller is installed, it overrides the standard functionality of
the integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities and forces PCI-X slots 4
and 5 to 66 MHz.
v The optional IBM Remote Supervisor Adapter can be installed only in PCI slot 1.
Use the ribbon cable that comes with this adapter to connect it to the Remote
Supervisor Adapter connector (JMGT1) on the system board.
v The optional ServeRAID-5i controller can be installed only in PCI-X slot 4 and
must use the 3-U bracket that comes preinstalled on the controller.
v To provide failover protection, an optional Ethernet adapter can be installed only
in PCI-X slots 2 through 5.
v The server scans the AGP slot, mini-PCI slot 6, PCI expansion slot 1, and PCI-X
expansion slots 2 through 5 to assign system resources. Then, the server starts
the PCI devices in the following order, if you have not changed the default
startup sequence: AGP slot, mini-PCI slot 6, PCI expansion slot 1, system-board
integrated drive electronics (IDE) or SCSI devices (including optional
ServeRAID-5i controller), and then PCI-X expansion slots 2 through 5.
v For a list of supported options for your server, go to
http://www.ibm.com/pc/support/ on the World Wide Web.
Installing an adapter
Note: You can install an optional ServeRAID-5i controller only in PCI-X slot 4. Slot
4 is the only PCI-X slot that supports the ServeRAID-5i controller
requirements. Install the ServeRAID-5i controller using the 3-U bracket that
comes preinstalled on the controller. See the documentation that comes with
the ServeRAID-5i controller for additional information.
Complete the following steps to install a PCI or PCI-X adapter in your server:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v, “Installation guidelines” on
page 7, and “Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 8.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
14
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
5. Determine which slot you will use for the adapter. Check the instructions that
come with the adapter for any requirements, restrictions, or cabling
instructions. It might be easier to route cables before you install the adapter.
6. Rotate the rear adapter-retention bracket to the open (unlocked) position and
remove it from the server. Rotate the front adapter-retention bracket to the
open position. If you are installing a smaller adapter, remove only the rear
adapter-retention bracket.
7. If there is an adapter already installed in the slot, remove it and place it on a
static-protective surface.
If the slot is empty, remove the expansion-slot cover. From the rear of the
server, press on the slot cover. Grasp it and pull it out of the expansion slot.
Store it in a safe place for future use.
Attention: Expansion-slot covers must be installed on all vacant slots. This
maintains the electronic emissions standards of the server and ensures proper
ventilation of server components.
8. Set any jumpers or switches on the adapter or system board according to the
documentation that comes with the adapter.
Attention: Avoid touching the components and gold-edge connectors on the
adapter.
9. If you are installing a full-length adapter, remove the blue adapter guide (if any)
from the end of the adapter.
Adapter guide
Attention: Be certain that the adapter is correctly seated in the expansion
slot before you turn on the server. Incomplete installation of an adapter might
damage the system board or the adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing options
15
10. Carefully grasp the adapter by the top edge or upper corners, and align it with
the expansion slot guides; then, press the adapter firmly into the expansion
slot. Move the adapter directly from the static-protective package to the
adapter slot.
Expansion-slot
cover
Rear adapterretaining
bracket
Adapter
Front adapterretaining bracket
11. Connect required cables to the adapter. Route cables so that they do not block
the flow of air from the fans. If you are installing an optional SCSI adapter, see
“Cabling an optional SCSI adapter” on page 17 for additional information.
12. If you have another adapter to install, repeat steps 5 through 11.
13. If you have installed a full-length adapter, rotate the front adapter-support
bracket to the closed (locked) position.
14. Reinstall the rear adapter-retention bracket; then, rotate the bracket to the
closed (locked) position.
15.
16.
17.
18.
16
Note: If any adapters in your server are large or have heavy cables attached
to them, you can remove the rear adapter-retention bracket and secure
all of the adapters with expansion-slot screws. The expansion-slot
screws are stored on the back of the server next to slot 1.
If you have other options to install, do so now; otherwise, continue with step
16.
Replace the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
Replace the side cover (see “Replacing the side cover” on page 40).
Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Cabling an optional SCSI adapter
You can install an optional SCSI adapter in your server to control the internal hard
disk drives. With a SCSI adapter installed, you can configure the internal hard disk
drives into disk arrays. You can also cable a SCSI adapter to external hard disk
drives. See your SCSI adapter option documentation for complete instructions for
installing a SCSI adapter in your server and for additional information about SCSI
adapters.
Notes:
1. This information in this section does not apply to the ServeRAID-5i controller,
which uses the integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities on the system
board.
2. An optional SCSI adapter or cable option is required to connect external SCSI
devices.
Complete the following steps to cable an optional SCSI adapter:
1. Install the SCSI adapter (see “Installing an adapter” on page 14).
2. Connect the SCSI signal cable to the adapter and to one or more of the
signal-cable connectors to the rear of the SCSI devices.
3. Connect the SCSI-activity-indicator cable to the adapter and to the SCSI-LED
connector (J18) on the system board. See “System-board internal connectors”
on page 3 for the location of the SCSI-LED connector.
SCSI
signal
cable
SCSI
LED
Expansion-slot
cover
Rear adapterretaining
bracket
SCSI signal
cable connector
SCSI
Adapter
SCSI activity
indicator cable
connector
Front adapterretaining bracket
SCSI
activity
indicator
cable
4. Complete the installation of the optional SCSI adapter.
Chapter 2. Installing options
17
Installing internal drives
Several types of drives are available, such as:
v Diskette
v Hard disk
v CD-ROM
v Tape, including digital linear tape (DLT), super digital linear tape (SDLT), and
linear tape-open (LTO)
Note: The server supports both internal and external tape drives.
Some server models have hardware that supports hot-swap drives, which you can
replace without turning off the server.
Internal drive bays
All server models come with an IDE CD-ROM drive in bay 1 and a 3.5-in., 1.44 MB
diskette drive in bay 3. Depending on your server model it will also come with either
six hot-swap hard disk drive bays or a hard disk drive in bay 7.
Server with hot-swap hard disk drives
Bay 1
Bay 2
Bay 3
Bay 4
Bay 5
Bay 6
Bay 7
Bay 8
Bay 9
18
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Server with non-hot-swap hard disk drives
Bay 1
Bay 2
Bay 3
Bay 4
Bay 5
Bay 6
Bay 7
Note: The SCSI IDs for the hot-swap drives are printed on the hot-swap lock bar,
immediately adjacent to the hot-swap drive bays (see Table 2 on page 22).
A three-drop power signal cable and a one-drop IDE cable come attached to the
CD-ROM drive. Use this power signal cable to connect the removable-media drives.
The one-drop SCSI signal cable that comes with your server will need to be
replaced with a two-drop SCSI signal cable to provide a signal connection to the
removable-media drives.
The integrated IDE controller in your server supports the connection of up to four
IDE devices.
Some server models support a maximum of six 1-inch (26 mm) slim-high, 3.5-inch,
hot-swap hard disk drives in the standard hot-swap bays. The hot-swap bays are
arranged vertically in the standard hard disk drive cage; the bay numbers are 4
through 9 (from top to bottom) with SCSI IDs of 0 through 5 (from bottom to top).
The hot-swap bays are below the removable-media drive bays.
Diskette drives, tape drives, CD-ROM, DVD/CD-RW, and DVD-ROM drives are
examples of removable-media drives. You can install removable-media drives in
bays 1, 2, and 3 only.
You can install a 3.5-in. slim-high or 5.25-in. half-high removable-media drive, such
as a tape backup, CD-RW, or DVD drive, in bay 2. The server supports half-high
DLT, SDLT, LTO, and TR7 drives. For a list of supported options for your server, go
to http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on the World Wide Web. To install a 3.5-in.
drive in a 5.25-in. bay, you must use the 5.25-in. conversion kit, supplied with the
option.
The electromagnetic interference (EMI) integrity and cooling of the server are
protected by having all bays and PCI slots covered or occupied. When you install a
drive or PCI adapter, save the EMC shield and filler panel from the bay or the PCI
adapter slot cover in the event you later remove the option.
Chapter 2. Installing options
19
Notes:
1. To minimize the possibility of damage to the hard disk drives when you are
installing a hard disk drive in a rack model, install the server in the rack before
installing the hard disk drives.
2. You do not have to turn off the server to install hot-swap drives in the hot-swap
drive bays. However, you must turn off the server when performing any steps
that involve installing or removing cables.
Working with hot-swap drives
The hot-swap drives are attached to a hot-swap hard disk drive backplane. The
backplane is a printed circuit board behind the drive bays. For more information
about drive bays and drive installation, see “Installing internal drives” on page 18.
The low voltage differential (LVD) SCSI hot-swap hard disk drive backplane
supports a maximum of six slim-high, hot-swap hard disk drives.
Each hot-swap drive that you plan to install must be mounted in a hot-swap-drive
tray. The drive must have a Single Connector Attachment (SCA) connector.
Hot-swap-drive trays come with hot-swap drives.
Each hot-swap drive has two indicator LEDs (see the User’s Guide on the IBM
xSeries Documentation CD). If the amber hard disk drive status LED for a drive is lit
continuously, that drive is faulty and requires replacement. When the hard disk drive
status LED indicates a drive fault, you can replace the drive without turning off the
server.
For increased security, the hot-swap drives and filler panels are locked in the server
by the hot-swap lock bar. The hot-swap lock bar cannot be released, allowing
installation and removal of the hot-swap drives and filler panels, unless the key lock
on the server side cover is unlocked.
Note: All drives being used in the server should have the same speed rating:
mixing speed ratings will cause all drives to operate at the lower speed.
The hard disk drives that are connected to the standard backplane are attached to
channel A.
Notes:
1. Table 2 on page 22 lists the SCSI identifiers (IDs) for the standard LVD SCSI
backplane and hard disk drives.
2. Cable identifiers are printed on the cables that come with your server and
options. Use these identifiers to connect the cables to the correct connectors.
3. For additional information about cabling, see “Cabling an optional SCSI adapter”
on page 17 and Chapter 3, “Input/output ports” on page 43.
20
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Installing a hot-swap hard disk drive
The following illustration shows how to install a hot-swap hard disk drive.
Filler panel
Drive-tray
assembly
Hot-swap
lock bar
Drive tray-handle
(in open position)
Complete the following steps to install a drive in a hot-swap bay.
Attention: To maintain proper system cooling, do not operate the server for more
than 10 minutes without either a drive or a filler panel installed in each bay.
Note: All hot-swap drives being used in the server should have the same speed
rating; mixing speed ratings will cause all drives to operate at the lower
speed.
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Open the server door.
3. Remove the hot-swap lock bar:
a. Unlock the side-cover lock.
b. Rotate the hot-swap lock bar forward and remove it from the bezel. If the
hot-swap lock bar will not rotate, press the top of the hot-swap lock bar to
release the lock mechanism.
4. Remove the filler panel from one of the empty hot-swap bays by inserting your
finger into the depression at the left side of the filler panel and pulling it away
from the server.
5. Install the hard disk drive in the hot-swap bay:
a. Ensure that the tray handle is open (that is, perpendicular to the drive).
b. Align the drive assembly with the guide rails in the bay.
c. Gently push the drive assembly into the bay until the drive stops.
d. Push the tray handle to the closed (locked) position.
e. Check the hard disk drive status indicator to verify that the hard disk drive is
operating properly.
Chapter 2. Installing options
21
If the amber hard disk drive status LED for a drive is lit continuously, that
drive is faulty and needs to be replaced. If the green hard disk drive activity
LED is flashing, the drive is being accessed.
Note: If your server is configured for RAID operation using the integrated SCSI
controller with RAID capabilities or an optional ServeRAID controller, you
might need to reconfigure your disk arrays after installing hard disk
drives. See the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM ServeRAID
Support CD for additional information about RAID operation and
complete instructions for using ServeRAID Manager.
6. If you are installing additional hot-swap hard disk drives, do so now; otherwise,
continue with step 7.
7. Make sure the side cover is unlocked; then insert the hot-swap lock bar into the
slots on the bezel and rotate it to the locked position.
8. Hold the hot-swap lock bar in the closed position, lock the side cover key lock,
and close the server door.
SCSI IDs for hot-swap hard disk drives
The hot-swap-drive backplane controls the SCSI IDs for the internal hot-swap drive
bays. The SCSI ID for each hot-swap hard disk drive is printed on the hot-swap
lock bar. Table 2 lists the SCSI IDs for the hard disk drives and backplane that are
connected to one channel in hot-swap hard disk drive models. In the typical
configuration, the standard hard disk drives and backplane are connected to
channel A.
Table 2. SCSI IDs for standard hot-swap hard disk drives and backplane
Device
SCSI ID
Drive bay 9
0
Drive bay 8
1
Drive bay 7
2
Drive bay 6
3
Drive bay 5
4
Drive bay 4
5
Backplane
8
Installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives
Bays 4, 5, 6, and 7 are in the drive cage. The drive cage is behind the front of the
adapter-support bracket. Drives are installed starting at the bottom in bay 7.
Additional drives are then installed in bays 6, 5, and 4.
Notes:
1. You can install up to four non-hot-swap hard disk drives in your server. The
additional space in the drive cage above bay 4 is not designed to accomodate
any additional drives.
2. When installing non-hot-swap hard disk drives, you might find it easier to lay the
server on its side. If you do so, and your server has stabilizing feet that rotate,
move the feet inward toward the server, so that they do not break.
Complete the following steps to install a drive in bay 4, 5, 6, or 7:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
22
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn off the server and all attached devices.
Disconnect all power cords; then disconnect all external cables.
Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
Remove the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
6. Press the drive cage release lever down and then rotate the cage out of the
server until the drive-cage retention tab locks into place and the open ends of
the drive slots and installed drives are facing you. Ensure that the drive cage
locks into place over the drive-cage retention tab by rotating the drive cage all
the way out of the server.
7. Attach the blue guide rails to the side of the drive using the screws that are
provided.
8. Slide the drive into the drive cage until the plastic tabs on the drive guide rails
lock into place in the drive cage. Clear any cables that might impede the
replacement of the drive cage.
9. Connect one end of the SCSI signal cable into the back of the drive and make
sure that the other end of this cable is connected into the SCSI connector on
the system board. See “Power and signal cables for internal drives” on
page 27 for additional information about cabling drives and “System-board
internal connectors” on page 3 for the location of SCSI connectors on the
system board. If there are open connectors on the cables connecting existing
SCSI drives, these cables can be used to connect the new drive.
10. Route the signal cable so that it does not block the air flow to the rear of the
drives or over the microprocessor and memory.
11. Connect the power cable to the back of the drive. The connectors are keyed
and can be inserted only one way.
Chapter 2. Installing options
23
12. Push the drive cage outward, and press in on the drive-cage release tab; then,
rotate the cage back into the server.
13. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
14. Replace the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
15. Replace the side cover (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39).
16. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
24
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Installing a 5.25-inch removable-media drive
Your server comes with one integrated drive electronics (IDE) CD-ROM drive. The
CD-ROM drive bay supports a 5.25-inch, half-high, removable-media drive.
You can install an additional 5.25-inch, half-high, removable-media drive in bay 2.
A three-drop power cable comes with your server. Use this cable to connect power
to the removable-media drives.
Check the instructions that come with the drive to see if you need to set any
switches or jumpers on the drive. If you are installing a SCSI device, be sure to set
the SCSI ID for that device.
Verify that you have all the cables and other equipment specified in the
documentation that comes with the drive.
Complete the following steps to install a removable-media drive in bay 2 (see
“Internal drive bays” on page 18):
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
5. Remove the bezel (see “Removing the bezel” on page 12).
6. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
7. Use a screwdriver to pry the filler panel and EMC shield away from the server.
Note: If you are installing a drive that contains a laser, observe the following
safety precaution.
Statement 3
CAUTION:
When laser products (such as CD-ROMs, DVD drives, fiber optic devices, or
transmitters) are installed, note the following:
v Do not remove the covers. Removing the covers of the laser product could result in
exposure to hazardous laser radiation. There are no serviceable parts inside the
device.
v Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified herein might result in hazardous radiation exposure.
Danger
Some laser products contain an embedded Class 3A or Class 3B laser diode. Note the
following. Laser radiation when open. Do not stare into the beam, do not view directly with
optical instruments, and avoid direct exposure to the beam.
Chapter 2. Installing options
25
EMC shield
Filler panel
8. Touch the static-protective package containing the drive to any unpainted metal
surface on the server; then, remove the drive from the package and place it on
a static-protective surface.
9. Set any jumpers or switches on the drive according to the documentation that
comes with the drive.
Note: You might find it easier to install the new drive into the appropriate
opening on the front, and then attach the cables.
10. If you are installing a 5.25-in. drive in bay 2, push the drive into the bay; then,
use the two screws to attach the drive to the drive cage. If you are installing a
3.5-in. drive in bay 2, you must attach the 5.25-in. conversion kit, supplied with
the option, to the 3.5-in. drive.
11. Determine whether the drive is an IDE or SCSI device; then, connect one end
of the appropriate signal cable into the back of the drive and make sure that
the other end of this cable is connected into the appropriate IDE or SCSI
connector on the system board.
v If you are installing a SCSI removable-media drive, use the one-drop SCSI
cable that comes with the drive and connect it to SCSI channel B (SCSI2).
See “Power and signal cables for internal drives” on page 27 for additional
information about cabling drives and “System-board internal connectors” on
page 3 for the location of IDE and SCSI connectors on the system board.
v If there are open connectors on the cables connecting an existing IDE drive,
this cable can be used to connect the new drive. The 4-connector SCSI
cable that comes with non-hot-swap model servers cannot be used to
connect a SCSI drive in bay 2.
12. Route the signal cable so that it does not block the airflow to the rear of the
drives or over the microprocessor and memory.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
13. Connect the power cable to the back of the drive. The connectors are keyed
and can be inserted only one way.
14. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
15. Replace the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
16. Replace the bezel (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39).
17. Replace the side cover (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39).
18. Reconnect the external cables and power cords; then, turn on the attached
devices and the server.
Power and signal cables for internal drives
Your server uses cables to connect IDE and SCSI devices to the power supply and
to the system board. (See “System-board internal connectors” on page 3 for the
location of system-board connectors.) Review the following information before
connecting power and signal cables to internal drives:
v The drives that are preinstalled in your server come with power and signal cables
attached. If you replace any drives, remember which cable is attached to which
drive.
v When you install a drive, ensure that one of the drive connectors of the signal
cable is connected to the drive and that the connector at the other end of the
signal cable is connected to the system board.
v The server has two IDE buses, primary and secondary. Each of these buses
supports up to two IDE devices. The primary IDE bus uses connector IDE1 on
the system board and the secondary IDE bus uses connector IDE2.
v If you have only one IDE device on a cable, it must be set as a master device.
v If two IDE devices are used on a single cable, one must be designated as the
master device and the other as the subordinate device; otherwise, the server
might not recognize some of the IDE devices. The master and subordinate
designation is determined by switch or jumper settings on each IDE device.
The following cables are provided:
v Power cables: Four-wire power cables connect the drives to the power supply.
At the end of these cables are plastic connectors that can be attached to
different drives; these connectors vary in size.
v Signal cables: Signal cables are typically flat cables, also called ribbon cables,
that connect IDE, SCSI, and diskette drives to the system board. Two or three
types of signal cable come with your server.
– IDE: The wider IDE signal cable has three connectors. One of these
connectors is attached to the drive, one is a spare, and the third is attached to
the primary or secondary IDE connector on the system board. The spare
connector can be used to connect an additional IDE drive to your server.
The CD-ROM drive is attached to an ATA 100 signal cable. ATA 100 signal
cables are color-coded. The blue connector is attached to the system board.
The black connector is attached to the master IDE device. The gray middle
connector is attached to the subordinate IDE device.
– Diskette drive: The narrower signal cable has two connectors. One is
attached to the diskette drive, and the other is attached to the connector
(FDD1) on the system board.
– SCSI: A round SCSI cable connects SCSI devices to the integrated SCSI
controller with RAID capabilities on the system board. For hot-swap models,
Chapter 2. Installing options
27
the maximum cable length that supports Ultra320 SCSI hard disk drives is 16
inches. For more information about connecting SCSI devices, see the SCSI
documentation.
Installing memory modules
You can increase the amount of memory in your server by installing memory
modules. Your server uses industry-standard PC2100 double-data-rate (DDR) dual
inline memory modules (DIMMs).
Notes:
1. The system board contains four DIMM connectors and supports two-way
memory interleaving.
2. The DIMM options available for your server are 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB, 1
GB, and 2 GB. Your server supports a minimum of 256 MB and a maximum of 8
GB of system memory.
3. The amount of usable memory will be reduced depending on the system
configuration. A certain amount of memory must be reserved for system
resources. The BIOS will display the total amount of installed memory and the
amount of configured memory.
4. Your server comes with two 256 MB or 512 MB DIMMs (for a total of 512 MB or
1024 MB) installed in the DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors. When you
install additional DIMMs, be sure to install them as a pair in DIMM connectors 1
and 2.
5. DIMMs must be installed in matched pairs. The first pair of DIMMs you install in
DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors must be the same size, speed, type,
and technology. You can mix compatible DIMMs from various manufacturers. If
you install a second pair of DIMMs in DIMM 1 and DIMM 2 memory connectors,
they do not have to be the same size, speed, type, and technology as the
DIMMs you installed in DIMM 3 and DIMM 4 memory connectors. However, the
size, speed, type, and technology of the DIMMs you install in DIMM 1 and
DIMM 2 memory connectors must match each other.
6. Install only 133 MHz (memory bus), 2.5 V, 184-pin, double-data-rate (DDR),
PC2100, registered synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM)
with error correcting code (ECC) DIMMs. These DIMMs must be compatible
with the latest PC2100 SDRAM Registered DIMM specification. For a list of
supported options for your server, go to http://www.ibm.com/us/compat/ on the
World Wide Web.
7. Your server supports Chipkill™ memory if the DIMMs are all type x4 and are 256
MB or larger. Using any 128 MB DIMMs or DIMMs that are not type x4 on your
server disables Chipkill memory.
Complete the following steps to install a DIMM:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v, “Installation guidelines” on
page 7, and “Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 8.
2. Turn off the server and disconnect all power cords and external cables; then,
remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
3. Remove the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
4. Locate the DIMM connectors on the system board. Determine the connectors
into which you will install the DIMMs. Install the DIMMs in the order shown in
the following table.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Table 3. DIMM installation sequence
Installation order
DIMM connectors
Diagnostic reference
First
DIMM 3 and DIMM 4
Bank 2
Second
DIMM 1 and DIMM 2
Bank 1
5. Open the retaining clips and, if necessary, remove any existing DIMM.
6. Touch the static-protective package containing the DIMM to any unpainted
metal surface on the server. Then remove the new DIMM from the package.
7. Gently open the retaining clip on each end of the DIMM slot. Turn the DIMM
so that the pins align correctly with the connector.
8. Insert the DIMM into the connector. Firmly press the DIMM straight down into
the connector by applying pressure on both ends of the DIMM simultaneously.
The retaining clips snap into the locked position when the DIMM is firmly
seated in the connector. If there is a gap between the DIMM and the retaining
clips, the DIMM has not been correctly installed. Open the retaining clips,
remove the DIMM, and then reinsert it.
DIMM 1
DIMM 2
DIMM 3
DIMM 4
9. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
10. Replace the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
11. Replace the side cover (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39).
12. Reconnect the external cables and power cords. Turn on the attached devices,
and turn on the server.
Chapter 2. Installing options
29
Installing an additional microprocessor
Your server comes with one microprocessor installed on the system board. Your
server supports up to two microprocessors. With two microprocessors, your server
can operate as a symmetric multiprocessing (SMP) server. With SMP, certain
operating systems and application programs can distribute the processing load
among the microprocessors.
Before you begin:
v Thoroughly review the documentation that comes with the microprocessor to
determine the required BIOS update. The latest level of BIOS code for your
server is available from the World Wide Web. See the User’s Guide on the IBM
xSeries Documentation CD for the World Wide Web addresses.
v (Optional) Obtain an SMP-capable operating system. For a list of supported
operating systems and other options, go to http://www.ibm.com/pc/us/compat/ on
the World Wide Web.
Attention: To ensure proper server operation when you install an additional
microprocessor, use microprocessors that have the same cache size and type, and
the same clock speed. Microprocessor internal and external clock frequencies must
be identical. You can use the Configuration/Setup Utility program in your server to
determine the specific type of microprocessor on your system board.
Important: A microprocessor must always be installed in socket CPU1 of the
system board.
Notes:
1. To order additional microprocessor options, contact your IBM marketing
representative or authorized reseller.
2. Terminator cards are not required for empty microprocessor sockets. However,
for airflow, an empty microprocessor socket must contain a microprocessor
baffle.
3. The microprocessor speeds are automatically set for this server; therefore, you
do not need to set any microprocessor frequency-selection jumpers or switches.
4. If you need to replace a microprocessor, call for service.
5. For additional illustrations of the system-board components, see “System-board
option connectors” on page 3.
Configuring the operating system
Some operating systems need to be configured to support an additional
microprocessor. See your operating-system documentation for information.
If Windows 2000 is installed in the server, complete the following steps to configure
the operating system. Check the Microsoft web page at http://www.microsoft.com for
updates to these instructions. In the Microsoft Web page, type multiprocessor
support in the Search field and press Enter.
1. Back up the hard disk.
2. From the desktop, click Start → Settings → Control Panel.
3. In the Control Panel window, double-click the System icon.
4. In the System Properties window, click the Hardware tab; then, click Device
Manager.
5. In the Device Manager window, click on the plus sign (+) beside Computer to
expand the list; then, double-click ACPI Uniprocessor PC.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
6. In the Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) PC Properties
window, click the Driver tab; then, click Update Driver.
7. In the Update Device Driver Wizard window, click Next.
8. In the next window, click Display a list of known drivers for this device so
that I can choose a specific driver; then, click Next.
9. In the next window, click Show all hardware of this device class. From the
Models list, select ACPI Multiprocessor PC; then, click Next.
10. If the configuration shown in the wizard is satisfactory, click Next to save the
configuration.
11. Click Finish to complete the process.
12. Click Yes to restart the server.
13. Continue with step 1 of “Installing the additional microprocessor”.
Installing the additional microprocessor
The following illustration shows how to install an additional microprocessor.
Microprocessor
baffle
Microprocessor
release lever
DIMMs
Microprocessor 2
Heatsink 2
Captive screws
Complete the following steps to install an additional microprocessor:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v, “Installation guidelines” on
page 7, and “Handling static-sensitive devices” on page 8.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
4. Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
5. Remove the support bracket (“Removing and installing the support bracket” on
page 13).
6. Remove the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
Chapter 2. Installing options
31
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide out of the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, remove it from the chassis.
7. Remove the air baffle by unhooking it from its retaining tabs and lifting it off the
chassis.
8. Locate the second microprocessor socket (connector CPU2) on the system
board.
9. Remove the microprocessor baffle from the second microprocessor socket.
10. If the second microprocessor socket is covered with protective film, peel and
remove the film.
11. Install the microprocessor:
a. Touch the static-protective package containing the new microprocessor to
any unpainted metal surface on the server; then, remove the
microprocessor from the package.
b. Pull out and lift up on the microprocessor-release lever to unlock the
microprocessor socket.
Attention:
1) Do not use excessive force when pressing the microprocessor into the
socket.
2) Make sure that the microprocessor is oriented and aligned correctly
with pin number 1 in the socket before you try to close the
microprocessor-release lever. The following illustration shows the
alignment marks for both microprocessors and sockets.
Alignment marks
Microprocessor 1
Microprocessor 2
Alignment marks
Microprocessor
socket 2
Microprocessor
socket 1
c. Center the microprocessor over the microprocessor socket. Align the
triangle on the corner of the microprocessor with the triangle on the corner
of the socket and carefully press the microprocessor into the socket.
d. Carefully close the microprocessor-release lever to secure the
microprocessor in the socket.
Attention: Do not set the heat sink down after you remove the plastic cover
and do not touch the thermal grease on the bottom of the heat sink. Touching
the thermal grease will contaminate it. If the thermal grease on the
microprocessor or heat sink becomes contaminated, contact your service
technician.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
12. Install the heat sink on the microprocessor.
Thermal grease
Heat sink
a. Remove the plastic cover from the bottom of the heat sink.
b. Align and place the heat sink on top of the microprocessor, grease side
down, in the retention bracket. Press firmly on the heat sink.
Attention: Alternate the tightening of the two captive screws to prevent
damage to the microprocessor. Ensure that the screws are completely
tightened (until they stop); otherwise, damage to the microprocessor will
occur.
c. Secure the heat sink to the microprocessor by tightening the captive
screws. Alternate between the two captive screws in the heat sink while
tightening them.
13. Install the air baffle.
14. Install the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide into the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, push it into place, using care to not damage
any cables.
c. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the closed (locked)
position.
15. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now.
16. Replace the support bracket (see “Removing and installing the support
bracket” on page 13).
17. Replace the side cover (see “Replacing the bezel” on page 39).
18. Reconnect the external cables and power cords. Turn on the attached devices,
and turn on the server.
Chapter 2. Installing options
33
Installing a security rope clip
To help prevent theft, you can add a security rope clip and cable to your server.
Complete the following steps to install a rope clip:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove the side cover (see “Removing the side cover” on page 11).
Use a screwdriver to remove the two metal knockouts.
Insert the rope clip through the rear panel; then, attach and tighten the nuts.
Thread a cable through the rope clip and around an object that is not part of or
permanently secured to the building structure or foundation and from which the
cable cannot be removed. Fasten the cable ends together with a lock. After you
add the security cable, be certain it does not interfere with other cables
connected to the server.
Rope clip
5. If you have other options to install or remove, do so now; otherwise, go to
“Completing the option installation” on page 39.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Replacing a hot-swap power supply
Some models of your server come with two hot-swap power supplies. You do not
need to turn off the server to replace a hot-swap power supply, but you must
replace only one power supply at a time.
If you install or remove a power supply, observe the following precautions.
Statement 8
CAUTION:
Never remove the cover on a power supply or any part that has the following label
attached.
Hazardous voltage, current, and energy levels are present inside any component that
has this label attached. There are no serviceable parts inside these components. If you
suspect a problem with one of these parts, contact a service technician.
Statement 12
CAUTION:
The following label indicates a hot surface nearby.
Chapter 2. Installing options
35
Complete the following steps to replace a hot-swap power supply:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Press the orange release lever on the selected power supply; then, pull the
power supply out of the bay and set it aside.
3. Make sure the power-supply handle is in the open position; then, slide the
power supply all the way into the chassis before placing the power-supply
handle into the locked position.
4. If the server is not on, turn on the server.
5. Verify that the dc power LED and the ac power LED on the power supply are lit,
indicating that the power supply is operating properly.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Replacing the battery
IBM has designed this product with your safety in mind. The lithium battery must be
handled correctly to avoid possible danger. If you replace the battery, you must
adhere to the following instructions.
Note: In the U. S., call 1-800-IBM-4333 for information about battery disposal.
If you replace the original lithium battery with a heavy-metal battery or a battery with
heavy-metal components, be aware of the following environmental consideration.
Batteries and accumulators that contain heavy metals must not be disposed of with
normal domestic waste. They will be taken back free of charge by the manufacturer,
distributor, or representative, to be recycled or disposed of in a proper manner.
To order replacement batteries, call 1-800-772-2227 within the United States, and
1-800-465-7999 or 1-800-465-6666 within Canada. Outside the U.S. and Canada,
call your IBM reseller or IBM marketing representative.
Note: After you replace the battery, you must reconfigure your server and reset the
system date and time.
Statement 2
CAUTION:
When replacing the lithium battery, use only IBM Part Number 33F8354 or an
equivalent type battery recommended by the manufacturer. If your system has a
module containing a lithium battery, replace it only with the same module type made
by the same manufacturer. The battery contains lithium and can explode if not
properly used, handled, or disposed of.
Do not:
v Throw or immerse into water.
v Heat to more than 100°C (212°F)
v Repair or disassemble
Dispose of the battery as required by local ordinances or regulations.
Complete the following steps to replace the battery:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v and “Installation guidelines”
on page 7.
2. Follow any special handling and installation instructions supplied with the
replacement battery.
3. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
4. Disconnect all power cords; then, disconnect all external cables.
5. Remove the side cover and support bracket (see “Removing the side cover” on
page 11).
6. Remove the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
Chapter 2. Installing options
37
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide out of the guides on the air baffle and on
the front adapter-support bracket; then, remove it from the chassis.
7. Remove any adapters that impede access to the battery.
8. Remove the battery:
a. Use a fingernail to press the top of the battery clip away from the battery.
The battery pops up when released.
b. Use your thumb and index finger to lift the battery from the socket.
9. Insert the new battery:
a. Tilt the battery so that you can insert it into the socket on the side opposite
the battery clip.
b. Press the battery down into the socket until it clicks into place. Make sure
the battery clip holds the battery securely.
10. Replace any adapters that were removed.
11. Install the adapter airflow guide:
a. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the open (unlocked)
position.
b. Slide the adapter airflow guide into the guides on the air baffle and front
adapter-support bracket; then, push it into place, using care to not damage
any cables.
c. Rotate the front and rear adapter-retention brackets to the closed (locked)
position.
12. Replace the support bracket and side cover. (See “Removing and installing the
support bracket” on page 13 and “Replacing the bezel” on page 39.)
13. Connect all external cables; then, connect the power cords.
14. Turn on the server.
15. Start the Configuration/Setup Utility program and set configuration parameters
as needed. See the User’s Guide on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Completing the option installation
To complete installation of an option, you must reinstall the bezel, reinstall the
server cover, reconnect all the cables that you disconnected earlier and, for certain
options, run the Configuration/Setup Utility program. Follow the instructions in this
section.
Attention: For proper cooling and airflow, replace the server cover before or
shortly after turning on the server. Operating the server for extended periods of time
(over 30 minutes) with the server cover removed might damage server components.
Note: If you have just plugged the power cords of your server into electrical outlets,
you will have to wait approximately 20 seconds before pressing the
power-control button.
Replacing the bezel
The following illustration shows how to install the bezel on the server.
Complete the following steps to replace the bezel:
1. Insert the two tabs on the bottom of the bezel into the matching holes on the
server chassis.
2. Push the top of the bezel toward the server until the two tabs at the top of the
bezel snap into place.
3. For hot-swap hard disk drive models, make sure the side cover is unlocked;
then, insert the hot-swap lock bar into the slots on the bezel and rotate it to the
locked position. The hot-swap lock bar locks when you lock the side cover key
lock.
Chapter 2. Installing options
39
Replacing the side cover
If you removed the support bracket or bezel, reinstall it before you replace the side
cover. See “Removing and installing the support bracket” on page 13 and
“Replacing the bezel” on page 39.
Note: The rear adapter retaining bracket rests against the server side cover. You
might find it easier to lay the server on its side to replace the side cover.
Complete the following steps to replace the side cover:
1. Before installing the cover, check that all cables, adapters, and other
components are installed and seated correctly and that you have not left loose
tools or parts inside the server.
2. Place the bottom lip of the side cover over the bottom edge of the server
chassis.
3. Rotate the side cover to a vertical position, inserting the tabs at the top of the
side cover into the matching slots in the server chassis.
4. Slide the side cover forward until it locks in place. Press down on the
cover-release-latch button as you close the cover-release latch to lock the side
cover.
Cover-release
latch
Key lock
5. For hot-swap hard disk drive models, open the server door and hold the
hot-swap lock bar in the closed position, lock the side cover key lock, and close
the server door.
6. If your server has stabilizing feet that rotate, make sure that the four stabilizing
feet are rotated outward so that they properly support the server. Rotate each
foot outward 90 degrees (see “Moving the stabilizing feet” on page 10).
7. Reconnect the external cables and power cords to the server; then, connect the
power cords to electrical outlets.
8. Turn on the attached devices; then, turn on the server.
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IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Updating your server configuration
When you start your server for the first time after you add or remove an internal
option or an external SCSI device, you might see a message telling you that the
configuration has changed. The Configuration/Setup Utility program automatically
starts so that you can save the new configuration information. See the User’s Guide
on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD for more information about the
Configuration/Setup Utility program.
Some options have device drivers that you need to install. See the documentation
that comes with your option for information about installing any required device
drivers.
Your server comes with one or two microprocessors installed on the system board.
If your server comes with two microprocessors, or if your server comes with one
microprocessor and you have installed an additional microprocessor, your server
can now operate as an SMP server. Therefore, you might need to upgrade your
operating system to support SMP. See the ServerGuide™ information in the User’s
Guide on the IBM xSeries Documentation CD and to your operating-system
documentation for additional information.
If your server has a RAID configuration using the integrated SCSI controller with
RAID capabilities or has a ServeRAID controller installed and you have installed or
removed a hard disk drive, see the ServeRAID documentation on the IBM
ServeRAID Support CD for information about configuring your disk arrays.
Connecting external options
If you install an optional SCSI adapter, or use channel B on the integrated SCSI
controller for external devices, you can attach external SCSI devices, such as a
SCSI storage expansion enclosure, to your server. To use channel B for external
SCSI devices, remove the SCSI knockout from the rear of the server and secure
the free end of the channel B cable in the new opening.
You can attach additional external options to the input/output (I/O) connectors on
the front and rear of your server. (See Chapter 3, “Input/output ports” on page 43 for
more information.)
Complete the following steps to attach an external device:
1. Review the safety information beginning on page v, “Installation guidelines” on
page 7, and the documentation that comes with your options.
2. Turn off the server and all attached devices.
3. Follow the instructions that come with the option to prepare it for installation and
to connect it to the server.
Note: If you are attaching an external SCSI device, see “Ultra320 SCSI connector”
on page 45 for information about SCSI cabling and SCSI IDs.
Installing the server in a rack
An optional Tower-to-Rack Kit is needed to convert your server from a tower model
to a rack model. You can then install the server in a rack cabinet. To order
aTower-to-Rack Kit for your server, contact your IBM marketing representative or
authorized reseller.
Chapter 2. Installing options
41
42
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Chapter 3. Input/output ports
Connect optional external devices to the connectors on the front and rear of the
server.
Your server has the following input/output (I/O) connectors:
v Three audio (line-in, line-out, and microphone)
v One auxiliary-device (pointing-device)
v One Ethernet (RJ-45)
v One keyboard
v One parallel
v Two serial
v One Ultra320 SCSI (some models)
v Four Universal Serial Bus (USB) v 2.0
v One video
The following illustration shows the locations of these connectors.
Power cord
connector
Mouse
Keyboard
USB 2
USB 1
2
Serial 2
1
Parallel
2
1
Serial 1
Ethernet
Line out (green)
Line in (blue)
Mic (pink)
Video
SCSI knockout
The following sections describe these connectors.
If you have an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter (system-management adapter)
installed in PCI slot 1, your server also has an additional Ethernet connector, an
additional serial connector, and an Advanced System Management (ASM)
Interconnect connector. See the documentation that comes with the Remote
Supervisor Adapter for more information about the ASM Interconnect network.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
43
Audio connectors
Use the audio connectors to connect external audio equipment to the server. The
following illustration shows the audio connectors.
Line out (green)
Line in (blue)
Mic (pink)
Line in
The server receives audio signals through this connector from an external audio
device.
Line out
The server sends audio signals through this connector to powered speakers with
built-in amplifiers, headphones, a multimedia keyboard, or the audio line-in
connector on a stereo system. The internal speaker in your server is disabled when
any device is attached to the line-out connector.
Microphone
Connect a microphone to this connector to record sounds onto the hard disk or to
use speech recognition software.
Auxiliary-device (pointing-device) connector
Use this connector to connect a mouse or other pointing device. The following
illustration shows an auxiliary-device connector.
6
5
4
3
2
1
Ethernet (RJ-45) connector
The following illustration shows an Ethernet connector.
Link LED
(green)
Activity LED
(green)
8
1
Connect a Category 3, 4, or 5 unshielded twisted-pair (UTP) cable to this connector.
The 100BASE-TX and 1000BASE-T Fast Ethernet standards require Category 5 or
higher cabling.
For more information about the Ethernet controller, see the User’s Guide on the
IBM xSeries Documentation CD.
44
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Keyboard connector
Use this connector to connect a PS/2 (non-USB) keyboard. The following illustration
shows a keyboard connector.
6
5
4
3
2
1
If you attach a keyboard to this connector, USB ports and devices are disabled
during the power-on self-test (POST).
Parallel connector
Use this connector to connect a parallel device. The following illustration shows a
parallel connector.
1
13
25
14
The parallel connector supports three standard Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers (IEEE) 1284 modes of operation: Standard Parallel Port (SPP),
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP), and Extended Capability Port (ECP). If you configure
the parallel port to operate in bidirectional mode, it supports the ECP and EPP
modes of operation. To configure the parallel port, use the Devices and I/O Ports
option in the Configuration/Setup Utility program. See the User’s Guide for more
information. If you configure the parallel port to operate in bidirectional mode, use
an IEEE 1284-compliant cable that does not exceed 3 meters (9.8 ft).
Serial connectors
Use the serial connectors to connect serial devices. The following illustration shows
a serial connector.
5
1
6
9
Ultra320 SCSI connector
You can install up to four internal SCSI devices using the SCSI cable that comes
with some models of the server. Other server models might come with one SCSI
cable that is connected from the internal SCSI channel A connector to the standard
hot-swap-drive backplane. You can attach additional internal SCSI devices to the
other internal SCSI channel B connector, or you can use channel B for external
SCSI devices. To use channel B for external SCSI devices, remove the SCSI
knockout from the rear of the server and secure the free end of an optional channel
B cable in the new opening.
If you want to attach external SCSI devices to the server without using the internal
SCSI channel B, you must install an optional SCSI adapter.
Notes:
1. External SCSI devices connected to internal SCSI channel B will operate
asynchronously.
Chapter 3. Input/output ports
45
2. If you install a PCI RAID adapter to configure and manage the internal hot-swap
drives, you must move the SCSI cable from the system-board SCSI connector
to an internal channel connector on the RAID adapter (except for the
ServeRAID-5i controller, which uses the system-board integrated SCSI controller
with RAID capabilities). See “Cabling an optional SCSI adapter” on page 17 for
additional information.
An optional external SCSI connector might be installed on the rear of the server.
Use this connector to connect external SCSI devices. The following illustration
shows the SCSI standard 68-pin, female D-shell SCSI connector.
34
1
68
35
Your server has an integrated SCSI controller with RAID capabilities. This
dual-channel controller supports two independent, Ultra320 SCSI channels. The
SCSI connectors for both channels are on the system board. Each channel
supports up to 15 SCSI devices. This controller uses:
v Double-transition clocking to achieve up to 320 MB-per-second data-transfer
rates
v Domain name validation to negotiate compatible data-transfer speeds with each
device
v Cyclic-redundancy checking (CRC), instead of the usual parity checking, to
improve data reliability
v An active terminator for SCSI bus termination
Each SCSI device that is connected to a SCSI controller must have a unique SCSI
ID. This ID enables the SCSI controller to identify the device and ensure that
different devices on the same SCSI channel do not attempt to transfer data
simultaneously. SCSI devices that are connected to different SCSI channels can
have duplicate SCSI IDs.
The hot-swap-drive backplane controls the SCSI IDs for the internal hot-swap drive
bays. However, when you attach an external SCSI device to an optional SCSI
adapter, you must set a unique ID for the device. See the information that comes
with the device for instructions to set its SCSI ID.
SCSI cabling requirements
You can install four internal SCSI devices using the SCSI signal cable that comes
with some server models. If you plan to attach external SCSI devices, you must
order an additional SCSI cable, remove the SCSI knockout from the rear of the
server, and connect the new cable from the system board to this opening. To select
and order the correct cables for use with external devices, contact your IBM reseller
or IBM marketing representative. When using an optional SCSI adapter, you must
also connect the SCSI adapter to the SCSI LED (J18) connector on the system
board receive an indication of SCSI hard-disk drive activity. See “System-board
internal connectors” on page 3 for the location of the SCSI connectors. For
information about the maximum length of SCSI cable, see the American National
Standards Institute (ANSI) SCSI standards on the ANSI Web site at
http://www.ansi.org/ on the World Wide Web. Adhering to these standards will help
to ensure that your server operates properly.
46
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Universal Serial Bus connectors
Use a Universal Serial Bus (USB) connector to connect a USB device. USB
technology transfers data at up to 12 Mb per second (Mbps) with a maximum of
127 devices and a maximum signal distance of 5 meters (16 ft) per segment. Using
Plug and Play technology, USB devices are configured automatically. The following
illustration shows a USB connector.
1
4
Use a 4-pin cable to connect a device to a USB connector. If you need to connect
more USB devices than the server has USB connectors for, use a USB hub to
connect additional devices.
If you connect a PS/2 (non-USB) keyboard to the keyboard connector, USB ports
and devices are disabled during POST.
If you connect a USB keyboard that has a mouse port, the keyboard emulates a
mouse, and you cannot disable the mouse settings in the Configuration/Setup Utility
program.
Video connector
The super video graphics array (SVGA) video adapter is installed in mini-PCI slot 6
on the system board. There is one video connector on the rear of the server. Use
the video connector to connect a monitor or other display. The following illustration
shows an industry-standard 15-pin analog video connector on the rear of the server.
5
1
15
11
Chapter 3. Input/output ports
47
48
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Appendix. Notices
This publication was developed for products and services offered in the U.S.A.
IBM may not offer the products, services, or features discussed in this document in
other countries. Consult your local IBM representative for information on the
products and services currently available in your area. Any reference to an IBM
product, program, or service is not intended to state or imply that only that IBM
product, program, or service may be used. Any functionally equivalent product,
program, or service that does not infringe any IBM intellectual property right may be
used instead. However, it is the user’s responsibility to evaluate and verify the
operation of any non-IBM product, program, or service.
IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter
described in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any
license to these patents. You can send license inquiries, in writing, to:
IBM Director of Licensing
IBM Corporation
North Castle Drive
Armonk, NY 10504-1785
U.S.A.
INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION PROVIDES THIS
PUBLICATION “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
OF NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Some states do not allow disclaimer of express or
implied warranties in certain transactions, therefore, this statement may not apply to
you.
This information could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein; these changes will be
incorporated in new editions of the publication. IBM may make improvements and/or
changes in the product(s) and/or the program(s) described in this publication at any
time without notice.
Any references in this publication to non-IBM Web sites are provided for
convenience only and do not in any manner serve as an endorsement of those
Web sites. The materials at those Web sites are not part of the materials for this
IBM product, and use of those Web sites is at your own risk.
IBM may use or distribute any of the information you supply in any way it believes
appropriate without incurring any obligation to you.
Edition notice
© COPYRIGHT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, 2002.
All rights reserved.
Note to U.S. Government Users — Documentation related to restricted rights —
Use, duplication or disclosure is subject to restrictions set forth in GSA ADP
Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
49
Trademarks
The following terms are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation
in the United States, other countries, or both:
Active PCI
Active PCI-X
Alert on LAN
Chipkill
EtherJet
e-business logo
HelpCenter
HelpWare
IBM
Light Path Diagnostics
NetBAY
NetView
OS/2 WARP
Predictive Failure Analysis
ServeRAID
ServerGuide
ServerProven
TechConnect
Tivoli
Tivoli Enterprise
Update Connector
Wake on LAN
X-Architecture
xSeries
Lotus and Domino are trademarks of Lotus Development Corporation and/or IBM
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
ActionMedia, MMX, LANDesk, Pentium, and ProShare are trademarks of Intel
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Other company, product, or service names may be the trademarks or service marks
of others.
Important notes
Processor speeds indicate the internal clock speed of the microprocessor; other
factors also affect application performance.
CD-ROM drive speeds list the variable read rate. Actual speeds vary and are often
less than the maximum possible.
When referring to processor storage, real and virtual storage, or channel volume,
KB stands for approximately 1000 bytes, MB stands for approximately 1000000
bytes, and GB stands for approximately 1000000000 bytes.
When referring to hard disk drive capacity or communications volume, MB stands
for 1 000 000 bytes, and GB stands for 1 000 000 000 bytes. Total user-accessible
capacity may vary depending on operating environments.
50
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Maximum internal hard disk drive capacities assume the replacement of any
standard hard disk drives and population of all hard disk drive bays with the largest
currently supported drives available from IBM.
Maximum memory may require replacement of the standard memory with an
optional memory module.
IBM makes no representation or warranties regarding non-IBM products and
services that are ServerProven®, including but not limited to the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. These products are offered
and warranted solely by third parties.
Unless otherwise stated, IBM makes no representations or warranties with respect
to non-IBM products. Support (if any) for the non-IBM products is provided by the
third party, not IBM.
Some software may differ from its retail version (if available), and may not include
user manuals or all program functionality.
Electronic emission notices
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) statement
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class A digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case the user will be required to correct the
interference at his own expense.
Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors must be used in order to
meet FCC emission limits. Properly shielded and grounded cables and connectors
must be used in order to meet FCC emission limits.IBM is not responsible for any
radio or television interference caused by using other than recommended cables
and connectors or by using other than recommended cables and connectors or by
unauthorized changes or modifications to this equipment. Unauthorized changes or
modifications could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2)
this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may
cause undesired operation.
Industry Canada Class A emission compliance statement
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Avis de conformité à la réglementation d’Industrie Canada
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du
Canada.
Appendix. Notices
51
Australia and New Zealand Class A statement
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
United Kingdom telecommunications safety requirement
Notice to Customers
This apparatus is approved under approval number NS/G/1234/J/100003 for indirect
connection to public telecommunication systems in the United Kingdom.
European Union EMC Directive conformance statement
This product is in conformity with the protection requirements of EU Council
Directive 89/336/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States
relating to electromagnetic compatibility. IBM cannot accept responsibility for any
failure to satisfy the protection requirements resulting from a nonrecommended
modification of the product, including the fitting of non-IBM option cards.
This product has been tested and found to comply with the limits for Class A
Information Technology Equipment according to CISPR 22/European Standard EN
55022. The limits for Class A equipment were derived for commercial and industrial
environments to provide reasonable protection against interference with licensed
communication equipment.
Attention: This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may
cause radio interference in which case the user may be required to take adequate
measures.
Taiwan electrical emission statement
Japanese Voluntary Control Council for Interference (VCCI) statement
52
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Power cords
For your safety, IBM provides a power cord with a grounded attachment plug to use
with this IBM product. To avoid electrical shock, always use the power cord and
plug with a properly grounded outlet.
IBM power cords used in the United States and Canada are listed by Underwriter’s
Laboratories (UL) and certified by the Canadian Standards Association (CSA).
For units intended to be operated at 115 volts: Use a UL-listed and CSA-certified
cord set consisting of a minimum 18 AWG, Type SVT or SJT, three-conductor cord,
a maximum of 15 feet in length and a parallel blade, grounding-type attachment
plug rated 15 amperes, 125 volts.
For units intended to be operated at 230 volts (U.S. use): Use a UL-listed and
CSA-certified cord set consisting of a minimum 18 AWG, Type SVT or SJT,
three-conductor cord, a maximum of 15 feet in length and a tandem blade,
grounding-type attachment plug rated 15 amperes, 250 volts.
For units intended to be operated at 230 volts (outside the U.S.): Use a cord set
with a grounding-type attachment plug. The cord set should have the appropriate
safety approvals for the country in which the equipment will be installed.
IBM power cords for a specific country or region are usually available only in that
country or region.
IBM power cord part
number
Used in these countries and regions
13F9940
Argentina, Australia, China (PRC), New Zealand, Papua New
Guinea, Paraguay, Uruguay, Western Samoa
13F9979
Afghanistan, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Austria, Belgium, Benin,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Rep.,
Chad, China (Macau S.A.R.), Czech Republic, Egypt, Finland,
France, French Guiana, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Hungary,
Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ivory Coast, Jordan, Lebanon,
Luxembourg, Malagasy, Mali, Martinique, Mauritania, Mauritius,
Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Netherlands, New Caledonia,
Niger, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia,
Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Syria, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, former
USSR, Vietnam, former Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zimbabwe
13F9997
Denmark
14F0015
Bangladesh, Burma, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka
14F0033
Antigua, Bahrain, Brunei, Channel Islands, China (Hong Kong
S.A.R.), Cyprus, Dubai, Fiji, Ghana, India, Iraq, Ireland, Kenya,
Kuwait, Malawi, Malaysia, Malta, Nepal, Nigeria, Polynesia, Qatar,
Sierra Leone, Singapore, Tanzania, Uganda, United Kingdom,
Yemen, Zambia
14F0051
Liechtenstein, Switzerland
14F0069
Chile, Ethiopia, Italy, Libya, Somalia
14F0087
Israel
1838574
Thailand
Appendix. Notices
53
54
IBM power cord part
number
Used in these countries and regions
6952301
Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Cayman
Islands, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El
Salvador, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Japan,
Korea (South), Liberia, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua,
Panama, Peru, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Suriname, Taiwan,
Trinidad (West Indies), United States of America, Venezuela
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
Index
A
adapter
considerations 13
full length 14
installing 14
PCI 13
PCI bus 14
PCI bus, identification 14
retention bracket 2
SCSI 17
support bracket 2
audio connectors 44
auxiliary device
connector pin-assignments
port 44
44
B
backplane, hot-swap drive, description 20
battery
connector 3
replacing 37
bay identification, hot-swap drive 19
bays
4, 5, 6, and 7 22
drive 18
filler panel 25
bezel
installing 39
removing 12
replacing 39
bi-directional parallel port configuration 45
C
cable
connectors 3, 4
cables
internal drives 27
power 27
power and signal 27
signal 27
USB 47
cabling
Ethernet 44
SCSI adapter 17
SCSI requirements 46
system-board external connectors 4
system-board internal connectors 3
Class A electronic emission notice 51
components
major 2
system board 3
configuration
parallel port 45
configuration, updating 41
© Copyright IBM Corp. 2002
connectors
adapter 3
audio 44
battery 3
cable 3
external port 4
input/output 43
internal cable 3
memory 3
microprocessor 3
port 4
serial 45
serial port pin-assignments 45
system board 3
Ultra160 SCSI 46
universal serial bus (USB) 47
video 47
VRM 3
controller, SCSI 17
cooling 7
cover
removing 11
replacing 40
D
DIMM connector
installing memory 28
locations 28
DIMM retaining clips 29
diskette drive, installing 22
drive
bay filler panel 25
bays 20
cage 23
hot-swap
bay identification 19
installing 21
support 19
installation 22
internal 18
non-hot-swap 25
removable-media 25
E
electrical safety information viii
electronic emission Class A notice 51
error LED 4
Ethernet
cabling 44
connector pin-number assignments 44
pin-number assignment 44
port 44
expansion bays
location 18
type 18
55
memory (continued)
modules 28
memory module
order of installation 28
supported 28
microprocessor
heat sink 33
installing 30
mouse
connector pin-assignments
port 44
external devices, connecting 41
external SCSI connector 46
F
FCC Class A notice 51
filler panel 25
hard disk drive bay 21
H
handling static-sensitive devices
hot-swap and hot-plug devices
drives 2, 18, 21
fans 2
power supplies 35, 36
hot-swap drive
backplane
description 20
bay identification 19
description 20
installing 21
hot-swap power supply
installing 36
replacing 35
8
N
non-hot-swap drive, installing
notes, important 50
notices
attention 1
book 1
caution 1
danger 1
electronic emission 51
FCC, Class A 51
important 1
25
O
I
input/output (I/O)
connectors 43
ports 43
install
bezel 39
cover 40
installation order, memory modules
installing
adapters 14
drives in bays 5, 6, and 7 22
drives in bays 5, 6, or 7 22
hot-swap drive 21
hot-swap power supply 36
memory modules 28
microprocessor 30
non-hot-swap drive 25
options 7
removable-media drive 25
security rope clip 34
internal
drive bays 18
internal drive bays 18
options
external, connecting 41
installing 7
order of installation, memory modules
P
28
L
LED, error
4
parallel port
configuration 45
connector 45
connector pin-assignments 45
PCI
adapters 13
bus A 14
bus B 14
expansion slots 13
pin-number assignments, Ethernet 44
port
connectors 4
Ethernet 44
ports
input/output 43
universal serial bus (USB) 47
power supply
operating requirements 35
replacing 35
power-control-button shield 8
R
M
major components
memory
installing 28
56
44
2
IBM xSeries 225 Type 8647: Option Installation Guide
related publications 1
reliability, system 7
removable-media drive, installing
25
28
removing
bezel 12
side cover 11
support bracket 13
replace
battery 37
bezel 39
cover 40
hot-swap power supply
retaining clips, DIMM 29
35
S
safety information
electrical vi, viii
laser vii, 25
lifting vii
SCSI backplane, configuration 20
SCSI connector
description 46
external 46
location 3
SCSI controller cabling 17
SCSI IDs 22
security U-bolt 34
serial connector pin-assignments 45
shield, power-control button 8
side cover, removing 11
small computer systems interface (SCSI), cabling
requirements 46
starting the server 8
statements
attention 1
caution 1
danger 1
important 1
static electricity 8
static-sensitive devices, handling
support bracket, removing 13
system board
connectors
external port 4
internal cable 3
SCSI 3, 46
LEDs 4
system reliability 7
8
T
thermal material, heat sink
trademarks 50
turning on the server 8
33
U
Ultra320 SCSI connector 46
United States electronic emission Class A notice
United States FCC Class A notice 51
universal serial bus (USB)
cables 47
connectors 47
ports 47
51
V
video connector
47
W
Web site
compatible options 7, 19
DIMM specification 28
Index
57
IBM
Part Number: 59P2105
Printed in the United States of America.
59P215
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