Danfoss | AKA 245 | Specifications | Danfoss AKA 245 Specifications

Danfoss AKA 245 Specifications
Controller for appliance control
AK-CC 550
Manual
Contents
Introduction........................................................................................................ 2
Operation............................................................................................................. 4
Applications......................................................................................................12
Survey of functions.........................................................................................15
Operation...........................................................................................................26
Menu survey......................................................................................................28
Connections......................................................................................................32
Data......................................................................................................................34
Ordering.............................................................................................................35
Introduction
Application
Complete refrigeration appliance control with great flexibility to
adapt to all types of refrigeration appliances and cold storage
rooms.
Advantages
• Energy optimisation of the whole refrigeration appliance
• One controller for several different refrigeration appliances
• Integrated display at the front of the controller
• Quick set-up with predefined settings
• Built-in data communication
• Built-in clock function with power reserve
Principle
The temperature in the appliance is registered by one or two
temperature sensors which are located in the air flow before the
evaporator (S3) or after the evaporator (S4) respectively. A setting
for thermostat, alarm thermostat and display reading determines
the influence the two sensor values should have for each individual function.
In addition product sensor S6, which can be optionally placed in
the appliance, can be used to register the temperature near the
required product in a certain place within the appliance.
The temperature of the evaporator is registered with the S5 sensor
which can be used as a defrosting sensor.
In addition to the outlet to the electronic injection valve of the
type AKV, the controller has 5 relay outputs which are defined by
the use selected – the individual usage options are described in
detail on page 12.
Functions
• Day/night thermostat with ON/OFF or modulating principle
• Product sensor S6 with separate alarm limits
• Switch between thermostat settings via digital input
• Adaptive control of superheat
• Adaptive defrosting based on evaporator performance
• Start of defrost via schedule, digital input or network
• Natural, electric or hot gas defrost
• Stop of defrost on time and/or temperature
• Coordination of defrosting among several controls
• Pulsing of fans when thermostat is satisfied
• Case cleaning function for documentation of HACCP procedure
• Rail heat control via day/night load or dew point
• Door function
• Control of two compressors
• Control of night blinds
• Light control
• Heat thermostat
• Factory calibration that will guarantee a better measuring accuracy than stated in the standard EN 441-13 without subsequent
calibration (Pt 1000 ohm sensor)
• Integrated MODBUS communication with the option of mounting a LonWorks communication card
2
Appliance examples
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Applications
Here is an overview of the controller’s usage options.
A setting will configure input and outputs so that the controller’s
operation interface is directed at the selected application.
The current settings for the respective uses can be found on page
28.
Application 1-8
These uses are applied to standard appliances or cold storage
rooms with one valve, one evaporator and one refrigeration section.
The sensors are used according to standard principles.
The output functions change depending on the selected application.
Application 9
This use is for refrigeration appliances with one valve, two evaporators and two refrigeration sections.
Here the temperature and alarm monitoring are always controlled
using the S4 sensor.
The S3 sensor is used for display readings.
The product sensor is replaced by an extra defrosting sensor S5B
for the second evaporator.
Application 10
This use is for refrigeration appliances with one valve, one evaporator and two refrigeration sections.
Here temperature is always controlled using the S4 temperature.
The S6 sensor is placed in the S3B position. The S3B sensor uses
alarm limits, etc which are normally used for the S6 sensor.
The two S3 temperatures are used for alarm monitoring and
display readings for each refrigeration section. There are separate
alarm limits for each refrigeration section.
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
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Operation
Liquid injection
Liquid injection in the evaporator is controlled by an electronic
injection valve of the type AKV. The valve functions as both expansion valve and solenoid valve. The valve opens and closes using
signals from the controller.
The function contains an adaptive algorithm which independently
adjusts the valve’s opening so that the evaporator constantly supplies optimum refrigeration.
Superheat can be measured via one of the two following principles:
• Pressure sensor P0 and temperature sensor S2
For this use a correct measurement of superheat is achieved
under all conditions which ensures a very robust and precise
control.
The signal from one pressure transmitter can be used by several
controllers, but only if there is no significant pressure difference
between the evaporators in question.
• Two temperature sensors S1 and S2 Use of the S1 sensor means that location is particularly important. The sensor must be located so as to read the evaporating
temperature during injection without the presence of too much
pressure drop. Danfoss recommends that the S1 sensor be
located on the first pipe bend on the evaporator.
Placement of the S1 sensor is crucial for a safety signal
and with this a satisfactory control.
Temperature control
The temperature in the appliance is registered by one or two
temperature sensors which are located in the air flow before the
evaporator (S3) or after the evaporator (S4) respectively. A setting
for the thermostat, alarm thermostat and display reading determines how much the two sensor values should influence each
individual function, e.g. 50% will produce an equal value from
both sensors.
The actual temperature control can take place in two ways: as an
ordinary ON/OFF regulation with a differential, or as a modulating control there the temperature variation will not be nearly as
great as in ON/OFF control. There is however a limit to the use of
a modulating control as it can only be used in central plant. In a
decentralised plant the thermostat function with ON/OFF control
should be selected.
In a central plant the thermostat function may either be selected
for ON/OFF control or modulating control.
Temperature monitoring
Just as is possible for the thermostat, the alarm monitoring can be
set with a weighting between S3 and S4 so that you can decide
how much the two sensor values should influence the alarm
monitoring. Minimum and maximum limits can be set for alarm
temperature and time delays. A longer time delay can be set for
high temperature alarms after defrosting, appliance cleaning or
start-up.
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AK-CC 550
Thermostat bands
Thermostat bands can be used beneficially for appliances where
different product types are stored which require different temperature conditions. It is possible to change between the two
different thermostat bands via a contact signal on a digital input.
Separate thermostat and alarm limits can be set for each thermostat band – also for the product sensor.
Night setback of thermostat value
In refrigeration appliances there may be big load differences
between the shop’s opening and closing hours, especially if night
lids/blinds are used. The thermostat reference may be raised here
without it having any effect on the product temperature.
Change-over between day and night operation can take place, as
follows:
• via an external switch signal.
• via a signal from the data communication system.
Product sensor
A separate optional product sensor S6, which may be placed
in the appliance, can also be used and which can register and
monitor the temperature in the warmest part of the appliance.
There are separate alarm limits and time delays for the product
sensor.
Appliance cleaning
This function makes it easy for the shop’s staff to carry out a
cleaning of the appliance according to a standard procedure.
Appliance cleaning is activated via a signal – as a rule via a key
switch placed on the appliance.
Appliance cleaning is carried out via three phases:
1 - at the first activation the refrigeration is stopped, but the fans
keep on operating in order to defrost the evaporators. ”Fan” is
shown on the display.
2 - at the second activation the fans are also stopped and the
appliance can now be cleaned. ”OFF” is shown on the display.
3 - At the third activation refrigeration is recommenced. The
display will show the actual appliance temperature, (o97
setting).
-
+
+
°C
1
÷
+
Fan
2
÷
÷
Off
3
+
+
°C
When appliance cleaning is activated a cleaning alarm is transmitted to the normal alarm recipient. A later processing of these
alarms will document that the appliance has been cleaned as
often as planned.
Alarm monitoring
There are no temperature alarms during appliance cleaning.
AK-CC 550
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Defrost
Depending on the application you may choose between the following defrost methods:
Natural: Here the fans are kept operating during the defrost
Electric: The heating element is activated
Hotgas:
Here the solenoid valves are controlled so that the hotgas can flow through the evaporator
Defrost sequence
1) Pump down
2) Defrost
3) Waiting position after defrost
4) Draining (drain delay. Hotgas only)
5) Drip off
6) Delay of fan
Hot gas defrost (application 6 only)
This type of connection can be used on systems with hotgas
defrost, but only in small systems in, say, supermarkets – the
functional content has not been adapted to systems with large
charges
Relay 2 is used for suction valve
Relay 4’s change-over function can be used by the bypass valve
and/or the hotgas valve.
Must not be used together with PMLX and GPLX valves, unless a
time delay relay is installed, which ensures that the PMLX/GPLX
valve is closed completely before the hotgas is turned on.
Hot gas application
Drip tray heating element
It is possible to control a heating element in the drip tray for
hot gas defrosting. When defrosting is commenced, the heating
element is activated. The heating element remains activated until
a set time after defrosting has ended by time or temperature.
Start of defrost
A defrost can be started in different ways
Interval: Defrost is started at fixed time intervals, say, every eighth hour. An interval must ALWAYS be set to
a "higher" value than the period set between two
defrostings when a schedule or network signal is used.
Refrigeration time: Defrost is started at fixed refrigeration time
intervals, in other words, a low need for refrigeration will
”postpone” the defrost
Schedule: Here defrost can be started at fixed times of the day and night. However, max. 6 times
Contact: Defrost is started with a contact signal on a digital input
Network: The signal for defrost is received from a system unit
via the data communication
Adaptive defrost: Here defrosting is started based on intelligent
registering of evaporator performance.
Manual: An extra defrost can be activated from the controller’s
lower-most button
All the mentioned methods can be used at random – if just of
them is activated a defrost will be started.
Stop of defrost
Defrosting can be stopped by either:
• Time
• Temperature (with time as safety).
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AK-CC 550
Coordinated defrost
There are two ways in which coordinated defrost can be arranged.
Either with wire connections between the controllers or via data
communication
Wire connections
The digital input DI2 is connected between the current controllers.
When one controller starts a defrost all the other controllers will
follow suit and likewise start a defrost. After the defrost the individual controllers will move into waiting position. When all are in
waiting position there will be a change-over to refrigeration.
Max. 10
System manager
Coordination via data communication
Here the system unit handles the coordination.
The controllers are gathered in defrosting groups and the system
unit ensures that defrosting is started in the group according to a
weekly schedule.
When a controller has completed defrosting, it sends a message
to the system unit and then goes into a waiting position. When
every controller in the group is in a waiting position, refrigeration
is again permitted in all the individual controllers.
Defrost on demand
1 Based on refrigeration time
When the aggregate refrigeration time has passed a fixed time,
a defrost will be started.
2 Adaptive defrosting based on monitoring of evaporator performance
This function is based on a registration of the air flow through
the evaporator. By using the AKV valve as mass flowmeter for the
refrigerant flow it is possible to compare the energy input on the
refrigerant side with the energy output on the air side. Via this
comparison the air flow through the evaporator can be determined and hence also the amount of ice/frost build-up on the
evaporator surface. If the ice/frost build-up reduces the capacity of the evaporator the function will carry out an additional
defrost.
Enter in the weekly defrost schedule the number of defrosts
corresponding to the basic load. If the load of the evaporator is
increased beyond this, defrost on demand will add the required
additional defrosts.
The function requires the following connections:
- Expansion valve type AKV
- Temperature signal from both S3 and S4
- Temperature signal from the condensing pressure Pc which is to
be distributed via the network from the system manager.
NOTE. The S3 and S4 sensors must be placed in the air flow/channel immediately before/after the evaporator.
Melting function
This function will stop the air flow in the evaporator from being reduced by frost created by uninterrupted operation for a long time.
The function is activated if the thermostat temperature has
remained in the range between -5°C and +10°C for a longer
period than the set melting interval. The refrigeration will then be
stopped during the set melting period. The frost will be melted
so that the air flow and hence the evaporator’s capacity will be
greatly improved.
AK-CC 550
Min. time between defrosts
There is a 2 hours minimum time between defrosts.
This avoids that planned defrosts in accordance with the weekly
schedule are carried out immediately after a defrost on demand
has been carried out. The time applies from when a defrost on
demand has been completed to when a planned defrost is again
permitted. The defrost on demand will not start defrosting with a
shorter interval than the 2 hours either.
Reset
If the adaptive defrost function registers problems with the
defrost, it will show an error message and the function will no
longer carry out extra defrosts. In this event a manual reset of the
function via d22 should be carried out.
When the reset function is activated it will start a defrost so that
the subsequent tuning will take place on an evaporator with no
ice/frost build-up.
Note
The function "Adaptive defrost” should only be activated when the
evaporator runs under normal operational conditions.
Real-time clock
The controller has a built-in real-time clock which can be used to
start defrosts. This clock has a power reserve of four hours.
If the controller is equipped with data communication, the clock
will automatically be updated from the system unit.
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Control of two compressors
The two compressors must be of the same size. When the controller demands refrigeration it will first cut in the compressor with
the shortest operating time. After the time delay the second
compressor will be cut in.
When the temperature has dropped to ”the middle of the differential”, the compressor with the longest operation time will be cut
out.
The running compressor will continue until the temperature has
reached the cutout value. Then it will cut out. When the temperature again reaches the middle of the differential, a compressor will
again be started.
If one compressor cannot maintain the temperature within the
differential, the second compressor will also be started.
If one of the compressors has run on its own for two hours, the
compressors will be changed over so that operational time is balanced.
The two compressors must be of a type that can start up against a
high pressure.
The compressors’s settings for ”Min On time” and ”Min Off time”
will always have top priority during normal regulation. But if one
of the override functions is activated, the ”Min On time” will be
disregarded.
Railheat
It is possible to pulse-control the power to the rail heat in order to
save energy. Pulse control can either be controlled according to
day/night load or dew point.
Pulse control according to day and night
Various ON periods can be set for day and night operation.
A period time is set as well as the percentage part of the period in
which the rail heat is ON.
Rail heat
Pulse control according to dew point
In order to use this function a system manager of the type AK-SM
is required which can measure dew point and distribute the current dew point to the appliance controllers. For this the rail heat’s
ON period is controlled from the current dew point.
Two dew point values are set in the appliance control:
• One where the effect must be max. i.e.100%. (o87)
• One where the effect must be min. (o86).
At a dew point which is equal to or lower than the value in 086,
the effect will be the value indicated in o88.
In the area between the two dew point values the controller will
manage the power to be supplied to the rail heat.
Dew point
During defrosting
During defrosting the rail heat will always be 100% ON.
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AK-CC 550
Fan
Pulse control
To obtain energy savings it is possible to pulse control the power
supply to the fans at the evaporators.
Pulse control can be accomplished in one of the following ways:
- during the thermostat’s cutout period (cold room)
- during night operation and during the thermostat’s cutout period (appliance with night lid)
A period of time is set as well as the percentage of this period of
time where the fans have to be operating.
Cutout of fans during plant breakdowns
If the refrigeration in a breakdown situation stops, the
temperature in the cold room may rise quickly as a result of the
power supply from large fans. In order to prevent this situation the
controller can stop the fans if the temperature at S5 exceeds a set
limit value.
Light function
The function can be used for controlling the light in a refrigeration
appliance or in a cold room. It can also be used for controlling a
motorised night blind.
The light function can be defined in three ways:
- the light is controlled via a signal from a door contact. Together
with this function a time delay can be set so that the light is kept
on for a period of time after the door has been closed.
- the light is controlled via the day/night function
- the light is controlled via the data communication from a system
unit.
Here there are two operational options if data communication
should fail:
- The light can go ON
- The light can stay in its current mode.
The light load must be connected to the NC switch on the relay.
This ensures that the light remains on in the appliance if power to
the controller should fail.
The light is switched off when "r12" (Main switch) is set to off (see
o98).
The light is switched off when the appliance cleaning function is
activated.
Night blind
Motorised night blind can be controlled automatically from the
controller. The night blinds will follow the status of the light
function. When the light is switched on, the night blinds opens
and when the light is switched off, the night blinds close again.
When the night blinds are closed, it is possible to open them using
a switch signal on the digital input. If this input is activated, the
night blinds will open and the refrigeration appliance can be filled
with new products. If the input is activated again, the blinds close
again.
When the night blind function is used, the thermostat function
can control with different weighting between the S3 and S4
sensors. A weighting during day operation and another when the
blind is closed.
A night blind is open when the appliance cleaning function is
activated.
A setting can define that the night blind is open when "r12" (Main
switch) is set to off (see o98).
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
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Digital inputs
There are two digital inputs DI1 and DI2 with contact function and
one digital input DI3 with high voltage signal.
They can be used for the following functions:
- Retransmission of contacts position via data communication
- Door contact function with alarm
- Starting a defrost
- Main switch - start/stop of cooling
- Night setback
- Thermostat bands switch
- General alarm monitoring
- Case cleaning
- Forced cooling
- Override of night blinds
- Coordinated defrost (DI2 only)
- Forced closing of valve (DI 3 only)
Forced closing
The AKV valves can be closed with an external signal ( "Forced
closing").
The function must be used in connection with the compressor’s
safety circuit, so that there will be no injection of liquid into the
evaporator when the compressor is stopped by the safety controls. (However not at low pressure – LP).
If a defrost cycle is in progress, the forced closing status will not be
re-established until the defrost is completed.
The signal can be received from the DI3-input or via the data communication.
During a forced closing the fans can be defined to be stopped or
in operation.
Door contact
The door contact function can via the digital inputs be defined for
two different applications:
Alarm monitoring
The controller monitors the door contact and delivers an alarm
message if the door has been opened for a longer period than
the set alarm delay.
Alarm monitoring and stop of refrigeration
When the door is opened the refrigeration is stopped, i.e. the
injection, the compressor and the fan are stopped and light
switch on.
If the door remains open for a longer time than the set restart
time, refrigeration will be resumed. This will ensure that
refrigeration is maintained even if the door is left open or if the
door contact should be defective. If the door remains open for
a longer period than the set alarm delay an alarm will also be
triggered.
Heating function
The heating function is used to prevent the temperature
becoming too low, e.g. in a cutting room, etc. The limit for when
the heating function cuts off is set as an offset value under the
current cutout limit for the refrigeration thermostat. This ensures
that refrigeration and heating do not occur simultaneously.
The difference for the heating thermostat has the same value
as for the refrigeration thermostat. To prevent that the heating
thermostat cuts in during short-term drops in air temperature a
time delay can be set for when to change from refrigeration to
heating.
10
Refrigeration
Neutral zone
Heat
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Data communication
The controller has fixed built-in MODBUS data communication.
If there is a requirement for a different form of data
communication, a Lon RS 485 module can be inserted in the
controller.
The connection must then be to terminal RS 485.
(To use a Lon RS 485 module and gateway type AKA 245 the
module must be Version 6.20 or higher.)
Display
The controller has one plug for a display. Here display type EKA
163B or EKA 164B (max. length 15m) can be connected.
EKA 163B is a display for readings.
EKA 164B is both for readings and operation.
The connection between display and controller may be with a
cable which has a plug at both ends.
If the distance between display and controller is greater than 15
m, the connection must take another form.
An extra module must also be mounted in the controller if data
communication is used.
The built-in MODBUS data communication is used so that the
display connection and the data communication to the other
controllers must take place via a module. The module can be:
Lon RS 485 or MODBUS.
When a display is to be connected to the built-in MODBUS, the
display can advantageously be changed to one of the same type,
but with Index A (version with screw terminals).
If connection of two displays is required, one must be connected
to the plug (max. 15 m) and the other must then be connected to
the fixed data communication.
Important
All connections to the data communication MODBUS and RS 485
must comply with the requirements for data communication
cables. See literature: RC8AC.
Override
The controller contains a number of functions which can be used together with the override function in the master gateway/system
manager.
Function via data communication
Function in gateway/system manager
Used parameters in AK-CC 550
Start of defrosting
Defrost control / Time schedule / Defrost group
--- Def start
Coordinated defrost
Defrost control / Defrost group
--- HoldAfterDef / - - - DefrostState
Prevent defrost start
--- Disable Def
Day/Night schedule
Day/Night control / Time schedule / Light zone
--- Night setback
Light control
Day/Night control / Time schedule
O39 light Remote
Forced closing
Forced Close / Injection ON / AKC ON
--- Forced cl.
Forced cooling
--- Forced cool
Railheat link to dew point
/ Enhanced railheat
--- Dew point
P0 optimization
P0 Optimization
The controller supports P0 optimization
Adaptive defrost
/ Adaptive defrost. System manager only
- - - Tc TempMean
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
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Applications
Here is a survey of the controller’s field of application.
A setting will define the relay outputs so that the
controller’s interface will be targeted to the chosen
application.
On page 20 you can see the relevant settings for the
respective wiring diagrams.
General:
The ten uses are all adapted for commercial
refrigeration systems in the form of either
refrigeration appliances or cold storage rooms.
In general all have outputs for:
• AKV valve
• Fan
• Defrost
S3 and S4 are temperature sensors. The application will determine whether
either one or the other or both sensors are to be used. S3 is placed in the air
flow before the evaporator. S4 after the evaporator.
A percentage setting will determine how the control is to be based. S5 is a
defrost sensor and is placed on/in the fins of the evaporator.
S6 is a product sensor, but in application 9 and 10 it has a different use.
DI1, DI2 and DI3 are contact functions that can be used for one of the following functions: door function, alarm function, defrost start, external main
switch, night operation, change of thermostat reference, appliance cleaning,
forced refrigeration or coordinated defrost. DI3 has a 230 V input. See the
functions in settings o02, o37and o84.
1
In addition they have different uses and thereby
input and outputs.
Application 1-4
Standard applications.
This is for standard use where the vital difference
is only different combinations of the following
functions/outputs:
• Alarm
• Rail heat
• Compressor
• Light
2
3
4
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AK-CC 550
The following uses have some special functions
which in brief are:
Application 5
”Two-compressor” operation.
The two compressors must be of the same size.
On start-up (after defrosting, operational stop,
etc.) both compressors are started with a set time
shift. One compressor starts at half the differential
so that an optimum adaptation of compressor
capacity takes place for the current load in the
appliance/room. There is automatic runtime
equalisation between the compressors.
For a more detailed description please refer to
earlier sections in the manual.
Application 6
Hot gas defrosting.
Hot gas defrosting is adapted to commercial
appliances/rooms with limited system filling.
One relay controls the main valve in the suction
line.
A changeover relay controls both the hot gas
valve and the drain valve.
This means that there is no time delay between
stops of hot gas and start of draining.
Application 7
Control of night blinds
Night blinds follow the status of the light function
– when the light is switched on, the night blinds
are up and when the light is switched off, the
night blinds are down. In addition a digital input
provides the option of forced opening of the
blinds so that the appliance can be filled with
products.
Application 8
Heat thermostat
The heat thermostat is typically used if the
temperature is to be controlled within narrower
limits, e.g. for cutting rooms, etc. The heating
thermostat can be set as a difference in relation to
the cutout limit for the refrigeration thermostat so
that simultaneous refrigeration and heating are
avoided.
Application 9
Two refrigeration sections – two defrost outputs
This application is for refrigeration appliances with
one valve, two evaporators and two refrigeration
sections. The temperature is controlled and is
always alarm monitored according to the S4
temperature. For this the product sensor is used as
a defrosting stop sensor for evaporator no. 2.
Application 10
Two refrigeration sections – individual alarm/
display via S3
This application is for refrigeration appliances with
one valve, one evaporator and two refrigeration
sections. The temperature is always controlled
according to the S4 temperature. The product
sensor is used as an extra S3 sensor for section
no. 2. Alarm monitoring and display readings take
place individually via the "S3" sensors in each
refrigeration section.
AK-CC 550
5
6
7
8
9
10
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
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Connection signs
The controller is provided with signs from the factory indicating
application 1.
If you employ another use, signs are provided so that you can
mount the relevant one. It is only the lower sign that needs to be
mounted.
The number is indicated on the left-hand side of the signs. Use the
sign with the current application number. One of the signs applies
to both applications 4 and 10.
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AK-CC 550
Survey of functions
Function
Para- Parameter by operation via data
meter communication
Normal display
Normally the temperature value from one of the two thermostat sensors S3 or S4 or a
mixture of the two measurements is displayed.
In o17 the ratio is determined.
Thermostat
Set point
Regulation is based on the set value plus a displacement, if applicable. The value is set
via a push on the centre button.
The set value can be locked or limited to a range with the settings in r02 and r 03.
The reference at any time can be seen in "u91 Cutout temp".
Differential
When the temperature is higher than the reference + the set differential, the compressor relay will be cut in. It will cut out again when the temperature comes down to
the set reference.
Display air (u56)
Thermostat control
Cutout °C
r01
Differential
To avoid a too high setting of the setpoint, the max. allowable reference value may be
lowered.
To avoid a too low setting of the setpoint, the min. allowable reference value may be
increased.
Correction of the display’s temperature
If the temperature at the products and the temperature received by the controller are
not identical, an offset adjustment of the display temperature can be carried out.
Temperature unit
Set here if the controller is to show temperature values in °C or in °F.
r02
Max cutout °C
r03
Min cutout °C
r04
Disp. Adj. K
r05
Temp. unit
°C=0. / °F=1
(Only °C on AKM, whatever the setting)
Correction of signal from S4
Compensation possibility due to long sensor cable
r09
Adjust S4
Correction of signal from S3
Compensation possibility due to long sensor cable
r10
Adjust S3
Start / stop of refrigeration
With this setting refrigeration can be started, stopped or a manual override of the
outputs can be allowed. (For manual control the value is set at -1. Then the AKV outlet
and the relay outlets can be force-controlled by the respective reading parameters
(u23, u58, etc.). Here the read value can be overwritten.)
Start / stop of refrigeration can also be accomplished with the external switch function connected to a DI input.
Stopped refrigeration will give a ”Standby alarm”.
Night setback value
The thermostat’s reference will be the setpoint plus this value when the controller
changes over to night operation. (Select a negative value if there is to be cold accumulation.)
Thermostat function
Here it is defined how the thermostat is to operate. Either as an ordinary ON/OFF thermostat or as a modulating thermostat.
1: ON/OFF thermostat
2: Modulating
When operation is ”modulating” the AKV valve will limit the flow of refrigerant so that
the temperature variation will be less than for the ON/OFF thermostat.
The differential (r01) must not be set lower than 2K for "modulating".
In a decentralised plant you must select the ON/OFF thermostat setting.
Selection of thermostat sensor
Here you define the sensor the thermostat is to use for its control function. S3, S4, or a
combination of them. With the setting 0%, only S3 is used (Sin). With 100%, only S4.
Melt function
Only for control of refrigeration (-5 to +10°C). The function ensures that the evaporator will not be blocked by frost. Here you set how often the function is to stop the
refrigeration and hence transform the frost to water (or ice if there is too much frost).
Melt period
Here you set how long an on-going melt function is to last.
r12
Main Switch
Ref.
Dif.
Setpoint limitation
The controller’s setting range for the setpoint may be narrowed down, so that much
too high or much too low values are not set accidentally - with resulting damages.
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
1: Start
0: Stop
-1: Manual control of outputs allowed
r13
Night offset
r14
Therm. mode
r15
Ther. S4 %
r16
MeltInterval
r17
Melt period
15
Set point 2
The thermostat’s cutout value when the thermostat band 2 is activated via a digital
input.
Correction of signal from S6
Compensation possibility due to long sensor cable
Selection of thermostat sensor S4% during night operation with night blinds
Here you define the sensor the thermostat is to use for its control function. S3, S4, or a
combination of them. With the setting 0%, only S3 is used (Sin). With 100%, only S4.
Heat function
Set the size of the Neutral Zone for changeover from cooling to heating
Time delay on transition from refrigeration phase to heating phase.
(there is not time delay on transition from heating phase to refrigeration phase).
r21
Cutout2 temp
r59
Adjust S6
r61
Ther.S4% Ngt
r62
Heat NZ
r63
HeatStartDel
Night setbck
(start of nightsignal. 0=Day, 1=Night)
Forced cool.
(start of forced cooling)
Forced close
(Forced stop of cooling)
Alarm settings
Alarm
The controller can give alarm in different situations. When there is an alarm all the
light-emitting diodes (LED) will flash on the controller front panel, and the alarm relay
will cut in.
Alarm delay (short alarm delay on air temperature)
If the upper or the lower alarm limit values are exceeded, a timer function will commence. The alarm will not become active until the set time delay has been passed.
The time delay is set in minutes.
Time delay for door alarm
The time delay is set in minutes.
The function is defined in o02 , o37 or in o84.
Time delay for cooling (long alarm delay)
This time delay is used during start-up, during defrost, immediately after a defrost.
There will be change-over to the normal time delay (A03) when the temperature has
dropped below the set upper alarm limit.
The time delay is set in minutes.
Upper alarm limit
Here you set when the alarm for high temperature is to start. The limit value is set in
°C (absolute value).
The limit value will be raised during night operation. The value is the same as the one
set for night setback, but will only be raised if the value is positive.
Lower alarm limit
Here you set when the alarm for low temperature is to start. The limit value is set in °C
(absolute value).
Upper alarm limit for thermostat 2 (Thermostat band 2)
(Same function as for thermostat 1)
Lower alarm limit for thermostat 2 (Thermostat band 2)
(Same function as for thermostat 1)
Upper alarm limit for S6 temperature at thermostat 1
Lower alarm limit for S6 temperature at thermostat 1
Upper alarm limit for S6 temperature at thermostat 2 (Thermostat band 2)
Lower alarm limit for S6 temperature at thermostat 2 (Thermostat band 2)
S6 temperature alarm delay
The alarm is activated if one of the relevant alarm limits A22, A23, A24 or A25 is
exceeded. The time delay is set in minutes.
(Alarms will not activate when the setting is set to the maximum value.)
Delay of a DI1 alarm
A cut-out/cut-in input will result in alarm when the time delay has been passed. The
function is defined in o02.
Delay of a DI2 alarm
A cut-out/cut-in input will result in alarm when the time delay has been passed. The
function is defined in o37
Signal to the alarm thermostat
Here you have to define the ratio between the sensors which the alarm thermostat
has to use. S3, S4 or a combination of the two.
With setting 0% only S3 is used. With 100% only S4 is used
Time delay on S6 (product sensor) for pull-down (long alarm delay)
This time delay is used for start-up, during defrosting, immediately after a defrost and
after an appliance clean.
A change is carried out to standard time delay (A26) when the temperature has
reached below the set upper alarm limit.
The time delay is set in minutes.
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
A03
With data communication the importance of the individual alarms can be
defined. Setting is carried out in the
“Alarm destinations” menu via AKM.
Alarm delay
A04
DoorOpen del
A12
Pulldown del
A13
HighLim Air
A14
LowLim Air
A20
HighLim2 Air
A21
LowLim2 Air
A22
A23
A24
A25
A26
HighLim1 S6
LowLim1 S6
HighLim2 S6
LowLim2 S6
Al. Delay S6
A27
AI.Delay DI1
A28
AI.Delay DI2
A36
Alarm S4%
A52
PullD del.S6
Reset alarm
Ctrl. Error (EKC error)
AK-CC 550
Compressor
Compressor control
The compressor relay works in conjunction with the thermostat. When the thermostat calls for refrigeration the compressor relay be operated.
Running times
To prevent irregular operation, values can be set for the time the compressor is to run
once it has been started. And for how long it at least has to be stopped.
The running times are not observed when defrosts start.
Min. ON-time (in minutes)
Min. OFF-time (in minutes)
Time delay for couplings of two compressors
Settings indicate the time that has to elapse from the first relay cuts in and until the
next relay has to cut in.
The LED on the controller’s front will show whether refrigeration is in progress.
Defrost
The controller contains a timer function that is zeroset after each defrost start.
The timer function will start a defrost if/when the interval time is passed.
The timer function starts when voltage is connected to the controller, but it is displaced the first time by the setting in d05.
If there is power failure the timer value will be saved and continue from here when
the power returns.
This timer function can be used as a simple way of starting defrosts, but it will always
act as safety defrost if one of the subsequent defrost starts is not received.
The controller also contains a real-time clock. By means of settings of this clock and
times for the required defrost times, defrost can be started at fixed times of the day.
Defrost start can also be accomplished via data communication, via contact signals or
manual start-up.
All starting methods will function in the controller. The different functions have to be
set, so that multiple defrosts are avoided..
Defrost can be accomplished with electricity, hotgas or brine.
The actual defrost will be stopped based on time or temperature with a signal from a
temperature sensor.
Defrost method
Here you set whether defrost is to be accomplished with electricity, gas, or (none).
During defrost the defrost relay will be cut in.
c01
c02
c05
Min. On time
Min. Off time
Step delay
Comp Relay
Here you can read the status of the
compressor relay.
Defrost control
d01
Def. method
0 = non
1 = El
2 = Gas
Def. Stop Temp
Defrost stop temperature
The defrost is stopped at a given temperature which is measured with a sensor (the
sensor is defined in d10).
The temperature value is set.
d02
Interval between defrost starts
The function is zeroset and will start the timer function at each defrost start. When
the time has expired the function will start a defrost.
The function is used as a simple defrost start, or it may be used as a safeguard if the
normal signal fails to appear.
If master/slave defrost without clock function or without data communication is used,
the interval time will be used as max. time between defrosts.
If a defrost start via data communcation does not take place, the interval time will be
used as max. time between defrosts.
When there is defrost with clock function or data communication, the interval time
must be set for a somewhat longer period of time than the planned one, as the
interval time will otherwise start a defrost which a little later will be followed by the
planned one.
In connection with power failure the interval time will be maintained, and when the
power returns the interval time will continue from the maintained value.
The interval time is not active when set to 0.
Max. defrost duration
This setting is a safety time so that the defrost will be stopped if there has not already
been a stop based on temperature or via coordinated defrost.
d03
Def Interval
(0=off )
d04
Max Def. time
Time staggering for defrost cutins during start-up
The function is only relevant if you have several refrigeration appliances or groups
where you want the defrost to be staggered in relation to one another. The function is
furthermore only relevant if you have chosen defrost with interval start (d03).
The function delays the interval time d03 by the set number of minutes, but it only
does it once, and this at the very first defrost taking place when voltage is connected
to the controller.
The function will be active after each and every power failure.
d05
Time Stagg.
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
17
Drip-off time
Here you set the time that is to elapse from a defrost and until the compressor is to
start again. (The time when water drips off the evaporator).
d06
DripOff time
Delay of fan start after defrost
Here you set the time that is to elapse from compressor start after a defrost and until
the fan may start again. (The time when water is “tied” to the evaporator).
d07
FanStartDel
Fan start temperature
The fan may also be started a little earlier than mentioned under “Delay of fan start
after defrost”, if the defrost sensor S5 registers a lower value than the one set here.
d08
FanStartTemp
Fan cut in during defrost
Here you can set whether fan is to operate during defrost.
0: Stopped (Runs during pump down)
1: Running (stopped during "fan delay")
2: Running during pump down and defrost. After that stopped
Defrost sensor
Here you define the defrost sensor.
0: None, defrost is based on time
1: S5
2: S4
3: Sx. For application 1 to 8 and 10 defrosting is stopped when both S5 and S6 have
reached the set temperature. For application 9 defrosting is stopped individually on the two sections of S5 / S5B
Pumpdown delay
Set the time where the evaporator is emptied of refrigerant prior to the defrost.
d09
FanDuringDef
d10
DefStopSens.
d16
Pump dwn del.
Drain delay (only in connection with hotgas)
Set the time where the evaporator is emptied of condensed refrigerant after the
defrost.
Defrost on demand – aggregate refrigeration time
Set here is the refrigeration time allowed without defrosts. If the time is passed, a
defrost will be started.
With setting = 0 the function is cut out.
Delay on stop of heating in the drip tray
The time applies from the time the defrost stops by time or temperature to the time
the heating element in the drip tray needs to be disconnected.
Adaptive defrosting
An adaptive defrosting is an extra defrost in addition to the scheduled defrosts. Here
the adaptive defrost is set for when it can start a defrost if the need arises:
0: Never
1: Only alarm on ice over
2: It may only start during day operation
3: It may start both during day and night operation
4: It can only start during night operations
Restart of adaptive defrosting
The function starts a defrost and when it is complete, the tuning function restarts so
that the evaporator’s data can be registered.
MUST ONLY BE ACTIVATED DURING STANDARD OPERATION.
If you wish to see the temperature at the defrost sensor, push the controller’s lowermost button. (May be changed to another function in o92.)
If you wish to start an extra defrost, push the controller’s lowermost button for four
seconds.
You can stop an ongoing defrost in the same way
d17
Drain del
d18
MaxTherRunT
d20
Drip Tray del
d21
AD mode
d22
AD reset
Defrost temp.
Def Start
Here you can start a manual defrost
Hold After Def
Shows ON when the controller is
operating with coordinated defrost.
Disable def.
Defrost in progress can be stopped
Defrost State
Status on defrost
1= pump down / defrost
Parameter for cooling function
Integration time
Expert setting for injection function
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Max. value for the superheat reference
Min. value for the superheat reference
MOP temperature
If no MOP function is required, select pos. OFF
Temperatureglide (only when using of S1-temperature sensor)
If a zeotrope refrigerant is used, a value for temperature glide must be set.
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
n05
Tn sec
n09
n10
n11
Max SH
Min SH
MOP temp
(A value of 15 corresponds to OFF)
n12
Glide
AK-CC 550
AKV valve’s time period in seconds
Should only be set to a lower value if it is a decentralised plant and the suction
pressure fluctuates a lot and in line with the opening of the AKV valve.
Startup time for signal reliability
If the controller does not obtain a reliable S1 signal within this period of time it will
in other ways try to create a stable signal. (A too high value may result in a flooded
evaporator).
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Average opening degree
The controller continuously registers the valve’s opening degree and uses the value in
its regulation.
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Signal reliability at startup
The regulation uses the value as start value for the valve’s opening degree for each
thermostat cutin. In connection with adaptive control the controller continuously
calculates a new value.
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Stability factor for regulation of superheat (Stability)
With a higher value the control function will allow a greater fluctuation of the superheat before the reference is changed.
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff. (Factory setting = 4.0)
Ampflication factor
Expert setting for injection function
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Integration time
Expert setting for injection function
The value should only be changed by specially trained staff.
Choice of sensor for superheat function (can only be set if "r12" = 0)
1: Pressure transmitter type AKS 32R
2: Temperature sensor S1 (Pt1000 Ohm at 0°C)
Fan
Fan stop temperature
The function stops the fans in an error situation, so that they will not provide power
to the appliance. If the defrost sensor registers a higher temperature than the one set
here, the fans will be stopped. There will be re-start at 2 K below the setting.
The function is not active during a defrost or start-up after a defrost.
With setting +50°C the function is interrupted.
Pulse operation of fan
0: No pulse operation
1: Pulse operation when the thermostat does not call for refrigeration
2: Pulse operation when the thermostat does not call for refrigeration, but only during night operation
Pulse operation period for fan
Here the overall pulse time is set. The sum of ON-to and OFF time.
ON time for fan
Here the % part of the period the fans are to be in operation is set.
The LED on the controller’s front will indicate whether a defrost is going on.
n13
AKV Period
n15
StartUp time
n16
AKV Dim.
n17
Start OD %
n18
-
n23
MTR Kp factor
n24
MTR Tn sec
n57
Pe/S1 select
F04
Fan control
FanStopTemp.
F05
FanPulseMode
F06
Fan cycle
F07
Fan ON %
Fan Relay
Here you can read the fan relay status,
or force-control the relay in “Manual
control” mode.
Real time clock
When using data communication the clock is automatically adjusted by the system
unit. If the controller is without data communication, the clock will have a power
reserve of four hours.
Real-time clock
You can set up to six individual times for defrost starts for each 24-hour period. There
is also a date indication used for registration of temperature measurements.
Defrost start, hour setting
Defrost start, minute setting (1 and 11 belong together, etc.)
When all t01 to t16 equal 0 the clock will not start defrosts.
Clock: Hour setting
(Times cannot be set via data communication. Settings are only relevant
when there is no data communication).
t01-t06
t11-t16
t07
Clock: Minute setting
t08
Clock: Date setting
t45
Clock: Month setting
t46
Clock: Year setting
t47
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
19
Miscellaneous
Delay of output signal after start-up
After start-up or a power failure the controller’s functions can be delayed so that overloading of the electricity supply network is avoided.
Here you can set the time delay.
o01
Digital input signal - DI1
The controller has a digital input 1 which can be used for one of the following functions:
Off: The input is not used
1) Status display of a contact function
2) Door function. When the input is open it signals that the door is open. The refrigeration and the fans are stopped and light switched on. When the time setting in
“A04” is passed, an alarm will be given and refrigeration will be resumed (o89).
3) Door alarm. When the input is open it signals that the door is open. When the time
setting in “A04” is passed, there will be alarm.
4) Defrost. The function is started with a pulse signal. The controller will register when
the DI input is activated. The controller will then start a defrost cycle.
5) Main switch. Regulation is carried out when the input is short-circuited, and regulation is stopped when the input is put in pos. OFF.
6) Night operation. When the input is short-circuited, there will be regulation for
night operation.
7) Thermostat band changeover. Switch to thermostat 2 (r21).
8) Separate alarm function. Alarm will be given when the input is short-circuited.
9) Separate alarm function. Alarm will be given when the input is opened. (For 8 and
9 the time delay is set in A27)
10) Case cleaning. The function is started with a pulse signal. See also description on
page 5.
11) Forced refrigeration at hotgas defrost when the input is short-circuited.
12) Night cover
If the controller is built into a network with data communication, it must have an
address, and the master gateway of the data communication must then know this
address.
o02
The address is set between 0 and 240, depending on the system unit and the selected
data communication. If the system unit is gateway type AKA 245, the version must be
6.20 or higher.
The address is sent to the gateway when the menu is set in pos. ON
IMPORTANT: Before you set o04, you MUST set o61. Otherwise you will be transmitting incorrect data.
(The function is not used when the data communication is MODBUS)
Access code 1 (Access to all settings)
If the settings in the controller are to be protected with an access code you can set a
numerical value between 0 and 100. If not, you can cancel the function with setting 0.
(99 will always give you access).
Sensor type for S3, S4, S5, S6
Normally a Pt 1000 sensor with great signal accuracy is used. But you can also use a
sensor with another signal accuracy. That may either be a PTC sensor (1000 ohm at
25°C)
All the mounted sensors S3-S6 must be of the same type.
Max. standby time after coordinated defrost
When a controller has completed a defrost it will wait for a signal which tells that the
refrigeration may be resumed. If this signal fails to appear for one reason or another,
the controller will itself start the refrigeration when this standby time has elapsed.
Select signal for the display S4%
Here you define the signal to be shown by the display.
S3, S4, or a combination of the two.
With setting 0% only S3 is used. With 100% only S4.
Pe. Working range for pressure transmitter - min. value
o03
Pe. Working range for pressure transmitter - max. value
Refrigerant setting (only if "r12" = 0)
Before refrigeration is started, the refrigerant must be defined. You may choose between the following refrigerants
1=R12. 2=R22. 3=R134a. 4=R502. 5=R717. 6=R13. 7=R13b1. 8=R23. 9=R500. 10=R503. 11=R114. 12=R142b. 13=Userdefined. 14=R32. 15=R227. 16=R401A. 17=R507. 18=R402A. 19=R404A. 20=R407C. 21=R407A. 22=R407B. 23=R410A. 24=R170. 25=R290. 26=R600. 27=R600a. 28=R744. 29=R1270. 30=R417A.
31=R422A
Warning: Wrong selection of refrigerant may cause damage to the compressor.
Other refrigerants: Here Setting 13 is selected and then three factors -Ref.Fac a1, a2
and a3 - via AKM must be set.
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
Miscellaneous
DelayOfOutp.
DI 1 Config.
Definition takes place with the numerical value shown to the left.
(0 = off )
DI state
(Measurement)
The DI input’s present status is shown
here. ON or OFF.
o04
o05
Acc. code
o06
SensorConfig
Pt = 0
PTC = 1
o16
Max HoldTime
o17
Disp. S4%
o20
MinTransPres
o21
MaxTransPres
o30
Refrigerant
AK-CC 550
Digital input signal - D2
The controller has a digital input 2 which can be used for one of the following functions:
Off: The input is not used.
1)Status display of a contact function
2) Door function. When the input is open it signals that the door is open. The refrigeration and the fans are stopped. When the time setting in “A04” is passed, an alarm
will be given and refrigeration resumed. (o89).
3) Door alarm. When the input is open it signals that the door is open. When the time
setting in “A04” is passed an alarm will be given.
4) Defrost. The function is started with a pulse signal. The controller will register when
the DI input is activated. The controller will then start a defrost cycle. If the signal
is to be received by several controllers it is important that ALL connections are
mounted the same way (DI to DI and GND to GND).
5) Main switch. Regulation is carried out when the input is short-circuited, and regulation is stopped when the input is put in pos. OFF.
6) Night operation. When the input is short-circuited, there will be regulation for
night operation.
7) Thermostat band changeover. Switch to thermostat 2 (r21)
8) Separate alarm function. Alarm will be given when the input is short-circuited.
9) Separate alarm function. Alarm will be given when the input is opened.
10) Case cleaning. The function is started with a pulse signal. See also description on
page 5.
11) Forced refrigeration at hotgas defrost when the input is short-circuited.
12) Night blinds. When the input is short-circuited the night blinds will be activated.
13) The input is used for coordinated defrost in conjunction with other controllers of
the same type
Configuration of light function
1) Light is controlled via day/night status
2) Light is controlled via data communication and "Light remote o39"
3) Light is controlled by door contact, defined in either o02, o37 or o84 where the setting is selected to either 2 or 3. When the door is opened the relay will cut in. When
the door is closed again there will be a time delay of two minutes before the light is
switched off.
4) As "2" but if there are any 15-minute network errors, the light will switch on and the
night blind will open.
Activation of light relay
The light relay can be activated here, but only if defined in o38 with setting 2.
o37
DI2 config.
o38
Light config
o39
Light remote
Rail heat during day operation
The ON period is set as a percentage of the time
Rail heat during night operation
The ON period is set as a percentage of the time
Rail heat cycle
The period of time for the aggregate ON time + OFF time is set in minutes
Case cleaning
The status of the function can be followed here or the function can be started manually.
0 = Normal operation (no cleaning)
1 = Cleaning with fans operating. All other outputs are Off.
2 = Cleaning with stopped fans. All outputs are Off.
If the function is controlled by a signal at the DI1, DI2 or DI3 input, the relevant status
can be seen here in the menu.
Selection of application
The controller can be defined in various ways. Here you set which of the 10 applications is required. On page 12 you can see a survey of applications.
This menu can only be set when regulation is stopped, i.e. “r12” is set to 0.
Transfer a set of pre-settings to the controller
An option exists to select quick settings for a number of parameters. This is based on
whether an appliance or a room needs to be controlled or whether the defrosting
must be stopped by time or by temperature. The overview can be seen on page 27.
This menu can only be set when the control is stopped, i.e. When "r12" is set at 0.
o41
Railh.ON day%
o42
Railh.ON ngt%
o43
Railh. cycle
o46
Case clean
o61
Appl. Mode
o62
-
o64
Acc. code 2
o67
-
On setting the value will fall back to 0. A subsequent adjustment/setting of parameters can be carried out as required.
Access code 2 (Access to adjustments)
There is access to adjustments of values, but not to configuration settings. If the settings in the controller are to be protected with an access code you can set a numerical value between 0 and 100. If not, you can cancel the function with setting 0. If the
function is used, access code 1 (o05) must also be used.
Save as factory setting
With this setting you save the controller’s actual settings as a new basic setting (the
earlier factory settings are overwritten).
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
21
Digital input signal - DI3 (high voltage input)
The controller has a digital input 3 which can be used for one of the following functions:
Off: The input is not used.
1)Status display of 230 V signal
2) Door function. When the input is 0 V it signals that the door is open. The refrigeration and the fans are stopped. When the time setting in “A04” is passed, an alarm
will be given and refrigeration resumed. (o89)
3) Door alarm. When the input is 0 V it signals that the door is open. When the time
setting in “A04” is passed an alarm will be given.
4) Defrost. The function is started with a pulse signal. (puls on 230 V)
5) Main switch. Regulation is carried out when the input is 230 V, and regulation is
stopped when the input is 0 V.
6) Night operation. When the input is 230 V, there will be regulation for night operation.
7) Thermostat band changeover. Switch to thermostat 2 (r21)
8) Not used.
9) Not used.
10) Case cleaning. The function is started with a pulse signal (pulse on 230 V). See also
description on page 5.
11) Forced refrigeration at hotgas defrost when the input is 230 V.
12) Night cover
13) Not used
14) Cooling stopped with the function "Forced closing"
Rail heat control
The rail heat can be controlled in several ways:
0: The function is not used
1: Pulse control is used with a timer function following the day/night operation (o41
and o42)
2: Pulse control is used with a dew point function. This function requires that a signal
is received about the dew point value. The value is measured by a system manager
and sent to the controller via the data communication.
Dew point value where the rail heat is minimum
This function is discussed earlier in the manual.
Dew point value where the rail heat is maximum
This function is discussed earlier in the manual.
Lowest permitted rail heat effect
Here the % part of the effect to be achieved when the dew point value is minimum.
Start of refrigeration when door is open
If the door has been left open, refrigeration must be started after a set time. That time
can be set here.
Fan for "Forced Closing"
You can set whether fans should be operational or stopped if the function "Forced
closing" is activated here.
On "No or 0" the fans are stopped.
On "Yes or 1" they will be operational.
Alternative display
A reading can be displayed by pressing the lower button on the controller. This reading is set from the factory so that the defrosting stop temperature is displayed.
A different setting will give the following reading:
1: (Defrost stop temperature = factory setting)
2: S6 temperature
3: S5B temperature (Application 9 only)
Display of temperature during normal operation
1: Air temperature. Weighted S3 + S4
2: Product temperature S6
o84
DI3 config.
o85
Railh. mode
o86
DewP Min lim
o87
DewP Max lim
o88
Rail Min ON%
o89
DoorInjStart
o90
Fan ForcedCl
o92
Displ menu 2
o97
Disp. Ctrl.
Light and night blinds definition
0: Light is switched off and night blinds are open when the main switch is off
1: Light and night blinds are independent of main switch.
o98
Light MS = Off
Configuration of the alarm relay
The alarm relay will be activated upon an alarm signal from the following groups:
1 - High temperature alarms
2 - Low temperature alarms
4 - Sensor error
8 - Digital input is activated for alarm
16 - Defrost alarms
32 - Miscellaneous
64 - Injection alarms
The groups that are to activate the alarm relay must be set by using a numerical value
which is the sum of the groups that must be activated.
(E.g. a value of 5 will activate all high temperature alarms and all sensor errors)
P41
Al.Rel. Conf.
22
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Service
Temperature measured with S5 sensor
Status on DI1 input. on/1=closed
Read the duration of the ongoing defrost or the duration of the last completed
defrost.
Temperature measured with S3 sensor
Status at the day-/night operation (night operation: on/off )
Temperature measured with S4 sensor
Thermostat temperature
Read the ongoing cutin time for the thermostat or the duration of the last completed cutin
Read the temperature at the S1 sensor
Read the temperature at the S2 sensor
Read superheat
Read the control’s actual superheat reference
Read the valve’s actual opening degree
Read the evaporating pressure
Read the evaporating temperature
Read the temperature at the S6 sensor
Status on DI2 output. on/1=closed
Air temperature. Weighted S3 + S4
Measured temperature for alarm thermostat
* Status on relay for cooling
* Status on relay for fan
* Status on relay for defrost
* Status on relay for railheat
* Status on relay for alarm
* Status on relay for light
* Status on relay for valve in suction line
* Status on relay for compressor 2
* Temperature measured with S5B sensor
u09
u10
u11
Service
S5 temp.
DI1 status
Defrost time
u12
u13
u16
u17
u18
S3 air temp
Night Cond.
S4 air temp
Ther. air
Ther runtime
u19
u20
u21
u22
u23
u25
u26
u36
u37
u56
u57
u58
u59
u60
u61
u62
u63
u64
u67
u75
S1 temp.
S2 temp.
Superheat
SH ref.
AKV OD %
Evap.press Pe
Evap.temp Te
S6 temp
DI2 status
Display air
Alarm air
Comp1/LLSV
Fan relay
Def. relay
Railh. relay
Alarm relay
Light relay
SuctionValve
Comp2 relay
S5 temp. B
* Status on relay for hot gas
u80
Hotgas valve
* Status on relay for heating element in drip tray
u81
Drip tray
* Status on relay for night blinds
u82
Blinds relay
* Status on relay for defrost B
u83
Def. relay B
* Status on relay for heat function
u84
Heat relay
* Readout of the actual rail heat effect in %
u85
Rail DutyC %
Readout of which thermostat used for regulation: 1= Thermostat 1,
2= Thermostat 2
u86
Ther. band
Status on input DI3 (on/1 = 230 V)
u87
DI3 status
Readout of the actual cutin value for the thermostat
u90
Cutin temp.
Readout of the actual cut out value for the thermostat
u91
Cutout temp.
U01
AD state
Status on function "Adaptive defrost"
0: Off. Function is not activated
1: Error. A reset must be carried out using d22
2: Reset is activated. New tuning is in progress
3: Normal
4: Light build-up of ice
5: Medium build-up of ice
6: Heavy build-up of ice
*) Not all will be displayed. Only the function belonging to the selection application is displayed.
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
23
Operating status
(Measurement)
The controller goes through some regulating situations where it is just waiting for
the next point of the regulation. To make these “why is nothing happening” situations
visible, you can see an operating status on the display. Push briefly (1s) the upper
button. If there is a status code, it will be shown on the display. The individual status
codes have the following meanings:
Normal regulation
Waiting for end of the coordinated defrost
When the compressor is operating it must run for at least x minutes.
When the compressor is stopped, it must remain stopped for at least x minutes.
The evaporator drips off and waits for the time to run out
Refrigeration stopped by main switch. Either with r12 or a DI-input
Refrigeration stopped by thermostat
Defrost sequence. Defrost in progress
Defrost sequence. Fan delay — water attaches to the evaporator
Refrigeration stopped due to open ON input or stopped regulation
Door is open. DI input is open
Melt function in progress. Refrigeration is interrupted
Modulating thermostat control
Emergency cooling due to sensor error
Regulation problem in the injections function
Start-up phase 2. Evaporator being charged
Adaptive control
Start-up phase 1. Signal reliability from sensors is controlled
Manual control of outputs
No refrigerant selected
Case cleaning
Forced cooling
Delay on outputs during start-up
Heat function r36 is active
Ctrl. state:
(Shown in all menu displays)
S0
S1
S2
S3
S4
S10
S11
S14
S15
S16
S17
S18
S19
S20
S21
S22
S23
S24
S25
S26
S29
S30
S32
S33
Other displays:
The defrost temperature cannot be displayed. There is stop based on time
Defrost in progress / First cooling after defrost
Password required. Set password
Regulation is stopped via main switch
non
-dPS
OFF
0
1
2
3
4
10
11
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
29
30
32
33
*) Emergency cooling will take effect when there is lack of signal from a defined S3 or S4 sensor. The regulation will continue with a registered average
cutin frequency. There are two registered values – one for day operation and one for night operation.
24
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Fault message
In an error situation the LED’s on the front will flash and the alarm relay will be activated. If you push the top button in this situation you can see the
alarm report in the display.
There are two kinds of error reports - it can either be an alarm occurring during the daily operation, or there may be a defect in the installation.
A-alarms will not become visible until the set time delay has expired.
E-alarms, on the other hand, will become visible the moment the error occurs.
(An A alarm will not be visible as long as there is an active E alarm).
Here are the messages that may appear:
Code / Alarm text via data
communication
Description
Alarm relay groups (P41)
A1/--- High t.alarm
High temperature alarm
1
A2/--- Low t. alarm
Low temperature alarm
2
A4/--- Door alarm
Door alarm
8
A5/--- Max hold time
The ”o16” function is activated during a coordinated defrost
16
A10/--- Inject prob.
Control problem
64
A11/--- No Rfg. sel.
No refrigerant selected
64
A13/--- High temp S6
Temperature alarm. High S6
1
A14/--- Low temp S6
Temperature alarm. Low S6
2
A15/--- DI1 alarm
DI1 alarm
8
A16/--- DI2 alarm
DI2 alarm
8
A45/--- Standby mode
Standby position (stopped refrigeration via r12 or DI input)
-
A59/--- Case clean
Case cleaning. Signal from DI input
-
A74/--- AD fault
Error in the adaptive defrost function
16
A75/--- AD Iced
Evaporator is iced up. Reduction of air flow
16
A76/--- AD not defr.
Defrost of evaporator is not satisfactory
16
E1/--- Ctrl. error
Faults in the controller
32
E6/--- RTC error
Change battery and check clock
32
E20/--- Pe error
Error on pressure transmitter Pe
64
E23/--- S1 error
Error on S1 sensor
4
E24/--- S2 error
Error on S2 sensor
4
E25/--- S3 error
Error on S3 sensor
4
E26/--- S4 error
Error on S4 sensor
4
E27/--- S5 error
Error on S5 sensor
4
E28/--- S6 error
Error on S6 sensor
4
E37/--- S5 error B
Error on S5B sensor
4
---/--- Max Def.Time
Defrost stopped based on time instead of, as wanted, on temperature
16
Data communication
The importance of individual alarms can be defined with a setting. The setting must be carried out in the group "Alarm destinations"
Settings from
System manager
High
Middle
Low
Log only
Disabled
AK-CC 550
Settings from
AKM (AKM destination)
1
2
3
Log
X
X
X
X
Non
Alarm relay
High
X
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
Low-High
X
X
X
Send via
Network
X
X
X
25
Operation
Display
The values will be shown with three digits, and with a setting you
can determine whether the temperature is to be shown in °C or in
°F.
Get a good start
With the following procedure you can start regulation very quickly:
1 Open parameter r12 and stop the regulation (in a new and not
previously set unit, r12 will already be set to 0 which means
stopped regulation.)
Light-emitting diodes (LED) on front panel
The LED’s on the front panel will light up when the relevant relay
is activated.
= Refrigeration
= Defrost
= Fan running
The light-emitting diodes will flash when there is an alarm.
In this situation you can download the error code to the display
and cancel/sign for the alarm by giving the top button a brief
push.
The buttons
When you want to change a setting, the upper and the lower
buttons will give you a higher or lower value depending on the
button you are pushing. But before you change the value, you
must have access to the menu. You obtain this by pushing the
upper button for a couple of seconds - you will then enter the column with parameter codes. Find the parameter code you want to
change and push the middle buttons until value for the parameter
is shown. When you have changed the value, save the new value
by once more pushing the middle button.
2 Select electrical connection based on the drawings on page 12
and 13
3 Open parameter o61 and set the electric connection number in
it
4 Now select one of the preset settings from the table on page 27.
5 Open parameter o62 and set the number for the array of presettings. The few selected settings will now be transferred to the
menu.
6 Open parameter n57 and select method for measuring of
evaporator pressure Pe or S1 (factory setting is Pe pressure
transmitter)
7 If pressure transmitter Pe is used you must select refrigerant via
parameter o30
8 Open parameter r12 and start the regulation
9 Go through the survey of factory settings. The values in the grey
cells are changed according to your choice of settings. Make any
necessary changes in the respective parameters.
10 For network. Set the address in o03
Examples
Set menu
1. Push the upper button until a parameter r01 is shown
2. Push the upper or the lower button and find that parameter you
want to change
3. Push the middle button until the parameter value is shown
4. Push the upper or the lower button and select the new value
5. Push the middle button again to freeze the value.
11 Send address to system unit:
• MODBUS: Activate scan function in system unit
• If another data communication card is used in the controller:
- LON RS485: Activate the function o04
Cutout alarm relay / receipt alarm/see alarm code
• A short press of the upper button
If there are several alarm codes they are found in a rolling stack.
Push the uppermost or lowermost button to scan the rolling
stack.
Set temperature
1. Push the middle button until the temperature value is shown
2. Push the upper or the lower button and select the new value
3. Push the middle button again to conclude the setting.
Reading the temperature at defrost sensor (Or product sensor, if
selected in o92.)
• A short press of the lower button
Manuel start or stop of a defrost
• Push the lower button for four seconds.
26
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Auxiliary schedule for settings (quick-setup)
Case
Defrost stop on
time
Preset settings (o62)
Room
Defrost stop
on S5
Defrost stop on
time
Defrost stop
on S5
1
2
3
4
5
6
Temperature (SP)
2°C
-2°C
-28°C
4°C
0°C
-22°C
Max. temp. setting (r02)
6°C
4°C
-22°C
8°C
5°C
-20°C
Min. temp. setting (r03)
0°C
-4°C
-30°C
0°C
-2°C
-24°C
Sensor signal for thermostat. S4% (r15)
100%
0%
Alarm limit high (A13)
8°C
6°C
-15°C
10°C
8°C
-15°C
Alarm limit low (A14)
-5°C
-5°C
-30°C
0°C
0°C
-30°C
Sensor signal for alarm funct.S4% (A36)
Interval between defrost (d03)
Defrost sensor: 0=time, 1=S5, 2=S4 (d10)
DI1 config. (o02)
0%
100%
0%
6h
6h
12h
8h
8h
6h
0
1
1
0
1
1
Case cleaning (=10)
Sensor signal for display view S4% (017)
Door function (=2)
0%
Note: For applications 9 and 10 the sensor weighting for the S3/S4 sensors is not used for the thermostat, alarm thermostat and display readings as the
sensor uses are predefined.
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
27
Menu survey
SW = 1.5x
Parameter
Code
1
EL-diagram page 12 or 13
2 3 4
5 6 7 8 9
---
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-50°C
50°C
2
r01
r02
r03
r04
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0.1 K
-49°C
-50°C
-10
20 K
50°C
49°C
10
2
50
-50
0
r05
r09
r10
r12
r13
r14
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0/°C
-10 K
-10 K
-1
-50 K
1
1/F
10 K
10 K
1
50 K
2
0/°C
0
0
0
0
1
r15
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0%
100 %
100
r16
r17
r21
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 hrs
0 min.
-50°C
10 hrs
30 min.
50°C
1
5
2
Correction of the signal from S6
Definition and weighting, if applicable, of thermostat sensors when night cover is on. (100%=S4, 0%=S3)
r59
r61
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-10 K
0%
10 K
100 %
0
100
Heat function
Neutral zone between refrigeration and heat function
r62
1
0K
50 K
2
Time delay at switch between refrigeration and heat
function
Alarms
r63
1
0 min.
240 min.
0
Delay for temperature alarm
A03
A04
A12
A13
A14
A20
A21
A22
A23
A24
A25
A26
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
0 min.
0 min.
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
-50°C
0 min.
240 min.
240 min.
240 min.
50°C
50°C
50°C
50°C
50°C
50°C
50°C
50°C
240 min.
30
60
90
8
-30
8
-30
8
-30
8
-30
240
A27
A28
A36
A52
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
0 min.
0%
0 min.
240 min.
240 min.
100 %
240 min.
30
30
100
90
c01
c02
c05
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
0 min.
0 sec
30 min.
30 min.
999 sec
0
0
5
d01
d02
d03
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0/No
0°C
0 hrs/Off
2/GAs
50°C
240 hrs
1/EL
6
8
d04
d05
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
0 min.
360 min.
240 min.
45
0
d06
d07
d08
d09
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
0 min.
-50 °C
0
60 min.
60 min.
0 °C
2
0
0
-5
1
d10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
3
0
Function
Normal operation
Temperature (setpoint) Thermostat
Differential
Max. limitation of setpoint setting
Min. limitation of setpoint setting
Adjustment of temperature indication
Temperature unit (°C/°F)
Correction of the signal from S4
Correction of the signal from S3
Manual service, stop regulation, start regulation (-1, 0, 1)
Displacement of reference during night operation
Define thermostat function
1=ON/OFF, 2=Modulating
Definition and weighting, if applicable, of thermostat sensors - S4% (100%=S4, 0%=S3)
Time between melt periods
Duration of melt periods
Temperature setting for thermostat band 2 . As differential
1
1
1
10 Min.-value Max.-value
Factory
setting
Actual
setting
use r01
Delay for door alarm
Delay for temperature alarm after defrost
High alarm limit for thermostat 1
Low alarm limit for thermostat 1
High alarm limit for thermostat 2
Low alarm limit for thermostat 2
High alarm limit for sensor S6 at thermostat 1
Low alarm limit for sensor S6 at thermostat 1
High alarm limit for sensor S6 at thermostat 2
Low alarm limit for sensor S6 at thermostat 2
S6 alarm time delay
With setting = 240 the S6 alarm will be omitted
Alarm time delay or signal on the DI1 input
Alarm time delay or signal on the DI2 input
Signal for alarm thermostat. S4% (100%=S4, 0%=S3)
Delay for S6 (product sensor alarm) after defrost
Compressor
Min. ON-time
Min. OFF-time
Time delay for cutin of comp.2
1
1
1
1
Defrost
Defrost method: 0=none, 1= EL, 2= Gas
Defrost stop temperature
Interval between defrost starts
Max. defrost duration
Displacement of time on cutin of defrost at start-up
Drip off time
Delay for fan start after defrost
Fan start temperature
Fan cutin during defrost
0: Stopped
1: Running
2: Running during pump down and defrost
Defrost sensor: 0 =Stop on time, 1=S5, 2=S4, 3=Sx
(Application 1-8 and 10: both S5 and S6.
Application 9: S5 and S5B) 28
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Continued
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
d16
d17
d18
d20
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
d21
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
d22
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
n05
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Max. value of superheat reference
n09
n10
n11
n12
n13
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
n15
1
1
1
1
1
n16
1
1
1
1
n17
1
1
1
n18
1
1
n23
1
n24
Selection of signal to superheat measurement: 1=
pressure transmitter AKS32R, 2= Temperature sensor S1
Fan
Fan stop temperature (S5)
Pump down delay
Drain delay (used at hot gas defrost only)
Max. aggregate refrigeration time between two defrosts
Heat in drip tray. Time from defrosting stops to heating
in the drip tray is switched off
Extra defrost with adaptive function allowed:
0=none, 1=monitoring only, 2=Day only, 3=Both day
and night, 4=Night only
Reset of the "Adaptive defrosting function" (starts a
defrost and starts subsequent new tuning)
Min.
Max.
Fac.
0 min.
0 min.
0 hrs
0 min.
60 min.
60 min.
48 hrs
240 min.
0
0
0/OFF
30
1
0
4
0
1
1
0/OFF
1/ON
0/OFF
1
1
1
30 sec
600 sec
150
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3°C
3°C
-50°C
0K
3 sec
20°C
20°C
15°C
10 K
6 sec
12
3
15
0
6
1
1
1
1
1
30 sec
600 sec
180
1
1
1
1
1
1
10 %
75 %
30
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5%
70 %
30
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
10
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
50
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
100 sec
1800 sec
900
n57
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
F04
F05
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-50°C
0
50°C
2
50
0
F06
F07
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 min.
0%
30 min.
100 %
5
100
t01 t06
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 hrs
23 hrs
0
t11 t16
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 min.
59 min.
0
t07
t08
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 hrs
0 min.
23 hrs
59 min.
0
0
t45
t46
t47
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 day
1 mon.
0 year
31 day
12 mon.
99 year
1
1
0
o01
o02
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0 sec
0
600 sec
12
5
0
o03
o04
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0/Off
240
1/On
0
0/Off
o05
o06
o16
o17
o20
o21
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0/Pt
0 min.
0%
-1 bar
6 bar
100
1/Ptc
360 min.
100 %
5 bar
200 bar
0
0/Pt
20
100
-1
12
Actual
Injection control function
Min. value of superheat reference
MOP temperature. Off if MOP temp. = 15.0 °C
Glide for Ezotrope refrigerant (at S1-measurement only)
Period time of AKV pulsation
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Injection algorithm
Only for trained personnel
Pulse operation on fans: 0=No pulse operation, 1=At
thermostat cuts out only, 2= Only at thermostat cut
outs during night operation
Period time for fan pulsation (on-time + off-time)
On-time in % of period time
Real time clock
Six start times for defrost.
Setting of hours.
0=OFF
Six start times for defrost.
Setting of minutes.
0=OFF
Clock - Setting of hours
Clock - Setting of minute
Clock - Setting of date
Clock - Setting of month
Clock - Setting of year
Miscellaneous
Delay of output signals after start-up
Input signal on DI1. Function:
0=not used. 1=status on DI1. 2=door function with alarm
when open. 3=door alarm when open. 4=defrost start
(pulse-signal). 5=ext.main switch. 6=night operation
7=thermostat band changeover (activate r21). 8=alarm
function when closed. 9=alarm function when open.
10=case cleaning (pulse signal). 11=forced cooling at hot
gas defrost, 12=night cover
Network address
On/Off switch (Service Pin message)
IMPORTANT! o61 must be set prior to o04
(used at LON 485 only)
Access code 1 (all settings)
Used sensor type : 0=Pt1000, 1=Ptc1000, Max hold time after coordinated defrost
Select signal for display view. S4% (100%=S4, 0%=S3)
Pressure transmitter working range – min. value
Pressure transmitter working range – max. value
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
29
Continued
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
o30
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
31
0
Input signal on DI2. Function:
(0=not used. 1=status on DI2. 2=door function with alarm
when open. 3=door alarm when open. 4=defrost start
(pulse-signal). 5=ext. main switch 6=night operation
7=thermostat band changeover (activate r21). 8=alarm
function when closed. 9=alarm function when open.
10=case cleaning (pulse signal). 11=forced cooling at hot
gas defrost.). 12=night cover, 13=coordinated defrost)
o37
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
13
0
Configuration of light function: 1=Light follows day /night
o38
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
o39
o41
o42
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0/Off
0%
0%
1/On
100 %
100 %
0/Off
100
100
Refrigerant setting:
Min.
Max.
Fac.
Actual
1=R12. 2=R22. 3=R134a. 4=R502. 5=R717. 6=R13. 7=R13b1. 8=R23. 9=R500. 10=R503. 11=R114. 12=R142b. 13=User defined. 14=R32. 15=R227. 16=R401A. 17=R507. 18=R402A. 19=R404A. 20=R407C. 21=R407A. 22=R407B. 23=R410A. 24=R170. 25=R290. 26=R600. 27=R600a. 28=R744. 29=R1270. 30=R417A.
31=R422A.
operation, 2=Light control via data communication
via ‘o39’, 3=Light control with a DI-input, 4=As "2", but
light switch on and night cover will open if the network
cut out for more than 15 minutes.
Activation of light relay (only if o38=2) On=light
Rail heat On time during day operations
Rail heat On time during night operations
***
o43
o46
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
6 min.
0
60 min.
2
10
0
*
*
o61
o62
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
10
6
1
0
***
o64
o67
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0/Off
100
1/On
0
0/Off
o84
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
14
0
o85
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
2
0
o86
o87
o88
o89
o90
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
-10°C
-9°C
0%
0 min.
0/no
50°C
50°C
100 %
240 min.
1/yes
8
17
30
30
1/yes
o92
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
o97
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
o98
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
0
P41
1
1
1
1
0
127
111
Rail heat period time (On time + Off time)
Case cleaning. 0=no case cleaning. 1=Fans only. 2=All
output Off.
Selection of EL diagram. See overview page 12 and 13
Download a set of predetermined settings. See overview
page 27.
Access code 2 (partial access)
Replace the controllers factory settings with the present
settings
Input signal on DI3. Function: (high voltage input)
(0=not used. 1=status on DI2. 2=door function with alarm
when open. 3=door alarm when open. 4=defrost start
(pulse-signal). 5=ext. main switch 6=night operation,
7=thermostat band changeover (activate r21). 8=Not used.
9=Not used. 10=case cleaning (pulse signal). 11=forced
cooling at hot gas defrost, 12=night cover. 13=Not used.
14=Refrigeration stopped (forced closing))
Rail heat control
0=not used, 1=pulse control with timer function (o41
and o42), 2=pulse control with dew point function
Dew point value where the rail heat is minimum
Dew point value where the rail heat is 100% on
Lowest permitted rail heat effect in %
Time delay from "open door” refrigeration is started
Fan operation on stopped refrigeration (forced closing):
no/0=Fan Off, yes/1=Fan On
Definition of readings on lower button:
1=defrost stop temperature, 2=S6 temperature, 3=S5_B temperature
Display of temperature
1= u56 Air temperature
2= u36 product temperature
Light and night blinds defined
0: Light is switch off and night blind is open when the
main switch is off
1: Light and night blind is independent of main switch
Configuration of alarm relay
The alarm relay will be activated upon an alarm signal
from the following groups:
1 - High temperature alarms
2 - Low temperature alarms
4 - Sensor error
8 - Digital input is activated for alarm
16 - Defrost alarms
32 - Miscellaneous
64 - Injection alarms
The groups that are to activate the alarm relay must be
set by using a numerical value which is the sum of the
groups that must be activated.
(E.g. a value of 5 will activate all high temperature
alarms and all sensor errors)
30
1
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
1
AK-CC 550
Continued
Code
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
u09
u10
u11
u12
u13
u16
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
u17
u18
u19
u20
u21
u22
u23
u25
u26
u36
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
u37
u56
u57
u58
u59
u60
u61
u62
u63
u64
u67
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Min.
Max.
Fac.
Actual
Service
Temperature measured with S5 sensor
Status on DI1 input. on/1=closed
Actual defrost time (minutes)
Temperature measured with S3 sensor
Status on night operation (on or off ) 1=on
Temperature measured with S4 sensor
Thermostat temperature
Run time of thermostat (cooling time) in minutes
Temperature of evaporator inlet temp
Temperature of evaporator outlet temp.
Superheat across evaporator
Reference of superheat control
Opening degree of AKV valve
Evaporating pressure Po (relative)
Evaporator temperature To (Calculated)
**
Temperature measured with S6 sensor
(product temperature)
Status on DI2 output. on/1=closed
Air temperature . Weighted S3 and S4
Measured temperature for alarm thermostat
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
**
Status on relay for cooling
Status on relay for fan
Status on relay for defrost
Status on relay for railheat
Status on relay for alarm
Status on relay for light
Status on relay for valve in suction line
Status on relay for compressor 2
Temperature measured with S5B sensor
Status on relay for hot gas- / drain valve
Status on relay for heating element in drip tray
Status on relay for night blinds
Status on relay for defrost B
Status on relay for heat function
**
**
**
**
**
Readout of the actual rail heat effect
1: Thermostat 1 operating, 2: Thermostat 2 operating
Status on high voltage input DI3
Readout of thermostats actual cut in value
Readout of thermostats actual cut out value
Readout of status on the adaptive defrost
0: Off. Function is not activated
1: Error. A reset must be carried out using d22
2: Reset is activated. New tuning is in progress
3: Normal
4: Light build-up of ice
5: Medium build-up of ice
6: Heavy build-up of ice
u75
u80
u81
u82
u83
u84
u85
u86
u87
u90
u91
U01
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
*) Can only be set when regulation is stopped (r12=0)
**) Can be controlled manually, but only when r12=-1
***) With access code 2 the access to these menus will be limited
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
31
Connections
Overview of outputs and
applications.
See also electrical diagrams earlier
in the manual
Version where sensor
connections have plug
connections.
Application
DO1
DO2
DO3
DO4
DO5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
suction
hotgas
Blinds
heat
2
1
10
DI1
Digital input signal.
The defined function is active when the input is short-circuited/
opened. The function is defined in o02.
DI2
Digital input signal.
The defined function is active when the input is short-circuited/
opened. The function is defined in o37.
Pressure transmitter or temperature sensor S1
Pe / AKS 32R (pressure measurement recommended)
Connect to terminal 30, 31 and 32.
The signal from one pressure transmitter can be received by up
to 10 controllers. But only if there are no significant pressure
decreases between the evaporators to be controlled.
S1 (correct location is important to ensure correct measurements)
Pt 1000 ohm sensor
Connect to terminal 31 and 32.
S2
Pt 1000 ohm sensor
S3, S4, S5, S6
Pt 1000 ohm sensor or PTC 1000 ohm sensor. All have to be of
the same type.
S3, air sensor, placed in the warm air before the evaporator
S4, air sensor, placed in the cold air after the evaporator
(the need for either S3 or S4 can be deselected in the
configuration)
S5, defrost sensor, placed on the evaporator
S6, product sensor or defrost sensor B or air sensor B.
The configuration determines which.
32
DO6 DI1 DI2 DI3 AI1 AI2 AI3 AI4 AI5 AI6
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S5B
P0/S1 S2
S3
S4
S5
S3B
EKA Display
If there is be external reading/operation of the controller, display
type EKA 163B or EKA 164B can be connected.
RS485 (terminal 51, 52, 53)
For data communication, but only if a data communication
module is inserted in the controller. The module can be a LON
RS485 or a MODBUS.
Terminal 51 = screen
Terminal 52 = A (A+)
Terminal 53 = B (B-)
(For LON RS485 and gateway type AKA 245 the gateway must be
version 6.20 or higher.)
RJ45
For data communication, but only if a TCP/IP module is inserted in
the controller. (OEM specific)
MODBUS
For data communication.
Terminal 56 = screen
Terminal 57 = A+
Terminal 58 = B(Alternatively the terminals can be connected to an external
display type EKA 163A or 164A, but then they cannot be used
for data communication. Any data communication must then be
carried out by one of the other methods.)
Supply voltage
230 V a.c.
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
DO1
Connection of expansion valve type AKV or AKVA. The coil must
be a 230 V a.c. coil.
DO2
Alarm
There is a connection between terminal 7 and 8 in alarm
situations and when the controller is without power.
Rail heat and heating element in drip tray
There is connection between terminal 7 and 9 when heating
takes place.
Night blind
There is connection between terminal 7 and 9 when the night
blind is up.
Suction line valve
There is connection between terminal 7 and 9 when the
suction line must be open.
DO3
Refrigeration, Rail heat, Heat function, Defrost 2
There is connection between terminal 10 and 11 when the
function must be active.
Heating element in drip tray
There is connection between terminal 10 and 11 when heating
takes place.
DO4
Defrost
There is connection between terminal 12 and 14 when
defrosting takes place.
Hot gas / drain valve
There is connection between terminal 13 and 14 during normal
operation.
There is connection between terminal 12 and 14 when the hot
gas valves must open.
DO5
Fan
There is connection between terminal 15 and 16 when the fan
is on.
Coordinated defrost via
cable connections
DO6
Light relay
There is connection between terminal 17 and 18 when the
light must be on.
Rail heat, Compressor 2
There is connection between terminal 17 and 19 when the
function must be active.
DI3
Digital input signal.
The signal must have a voltage of 0 / 230 V AC.
The function is defined in o84.
Data communication
If data communication is used, it is important that the installation
of the data communication cable is performed correctly.
See separate literature No. RC8AC…
Electric noise
Cables for sensors, DI inputs and data communication must be
kept separate from other electric cables:
- Use separate cable trays
- Keep a distance between cables of at least 10 cm
- Long cables at the DI input should be avoided
Installation considerations
Accidental damage, poor installation, or site conditions, can give
rise to malfunctions of the control system, and ultimately lead to a
plant breakdown.
Every possible safeguard is incorporated into our products to
prevent this. However, a wrong installation, for example, could still
present problems. Electronic controls are no substitute for normal,
good engineering practice.
Danfoss will not be responsible for any goods, or plant components, damaged as a result of the above defects. It is the installer's
responsibility to check the installation thoroughly, and to fit the
necessary safety devices.
Special reference is made to the necessity of signals to the
controller when the compressor is stopped and to the need of
liquid receivers before the compressors.
Your local Danfoss agent will be pleased to assist with further
advice, etc.
Max. 10
The following controllers can be connected
up in this way:
EKC 204A, AK-CC 210, AK-CC 250,
AK-CC 450, AK-CC 550,
Refrigeration is resumed when all
controllers have “released” the signal for
defrost.
Coordinated defrost via
data communication
The setting of controllers to coordinate
their defrosting takes place in the
gateway/system manager.
Refrigeration is resumed when all
controllers have “released” the signal for
defrost.
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
33
Data
Supply voltage
230 V a.c. +10/-15 %. 5 VA, 50/60 Hz
Sensor S2, (S1)
Pt 1000
Sensor S3, S4,
S5, S6
Accuracy
Measuring of Pe
Display
Pt 1000 or
PTC 1000 ohm / 25°C
(All 4 must be of the same type)
Measuring range -60 to +120°C
±1 K below -35°C
Controller
±0.5 K between -35 to +25°C
±1 K above +25°C
±0.3 K at 0°C
Pt 1000 sensor
±0.005 K per grad
Pressure
AKS 32R
transmitter
LED, 3-digits
External display
EKA 163B or 164B. (any EKA 163A or 164A)
Signal from contact functions
Digital inputs
Requirements to contacts: Gold plating
DI1, DI2
Cable length must be max. 15 m
Use auxiliary relays when the cable is longer
Digital input DI3 230 V a.c.
Electrical connection cable
Solid state
output
Relays*
Max.1.5 mm2 multi-core cable
DO1
(for AKV coil)
DO3, DO4
4 (3) A
DO2, DO5, DO6
4 (3) A
Density
0 to +55°C, During operations
-40 to +70°C, During transport
20 - 80% Rh, not condensed
No shock influence / vibrations
IP 20
Mounting
DIN-rail or wall
Weight
0.4 Kg
Fixed
Environments
Data
communication
Extension options
AKV info !!
Max. 240 V a.c. , Min. 28 V a.c.
Max. 0.5 A
Leak < 1 mA
Max. 1 pcs. AKV
CE
(250 V a.c.)
230 V a.c. coil
MODBUS
LON RS485
TCP/IP
MODBUS
The controller cannot be hooked up with a monitoring unit type m2.
Power reserve
for the clock
4 hours
Approvals
EU Low Voltage Directive and EMC demands re CEmarking complied with
LVD tested acc. EN 60730-1 and EN 60730-2-9, A1, A2
EMC tested acc. EN50082-1 and EN 60730-2-9, A2
* DO3 and DO4 are 16 A relays. DO2, DO5 and DO6 are 8 A relays. Max. load must be observed.
34
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
AK-CC 550
Ordering
Type
Function
AK-CC 550
Case controller with MODBUS data communication
Sensor connections are with screw terminals
Case controller with MODBUS data communication
Sensor connections are with plug connections
Code no.
084B8020
084B8021
EKA 175
Data communication module
LON RS 485
084B8579
EKA 178B
Data communication module MODBUS
084B8571
EKA 163B
External display with plug for direct connection
084B8574
EKA 164B
External display with operation buttons and plug for direct
connections
084B8575
EKA 163A
External display with screw terminals
084B8562
EKA 164A
External display with operation buttons and screw terminals
084B8563
Examples of order
Installation
Data communication
Connection
Code no.
MODBUS
084B8020 (AK-CC 550)
LON
084B8020
084B8579
DANBUSS
084B8020
084B8583
MODBUS
084B8020
084B8574 (Display)
084B7299 (Cable, 6 m)
LON / DANBUSS
084B8020
084B8574 (Display)
084B7299 (Cable, 6 m)
084Bxxxx (Data module)
MODBUS / LON / DANBUSS
084B8020
084B8562 (Display)
084Bxxxx (Data module)
L
L < 15 m
L
L > 15 m
AK-CC 550
Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
35
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Manual RS8EN502 © Danfoss 02-2010
FC-SPMC
Danfoss can accept no responsibility for possible errors in catalogues, brochures and other printed material. Danfoss reserves the right to alter its products without notice. This also applies to products
already on order provided that such alternations can be made without subsequential changes being necessary in specifications already agreed.
All trademarks in this material are property of the respecitve companies. Danfoss and Danfoss logotype are trademarks of Danfoss A/S. All rights reserved.
AK-CC 550
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