Allied Telesis | 48Ts/X | Installation guide | Allied Telesis 48Ts/X Installation guide

Allied Telesis 48Ts/X Installation guide
x610 Series
Layer 3 Stackable
Gigabit Ethernet
Switches
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts/X
x610-48Ts
x610-48Ts/X
x610-24SPs/X
x610-24Ts-POE+
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
x610-48Ts-POE+
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
Installation Guide
613-001664 Rev A
Copyright © 2011 Allied Telesis, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesis, Inc.
Allied Telesis, Alliedware Plus and the Allied Telesis logo are trademarks of Allied Telesis, Incorporated. All other product
names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective owners.
Allied Telesis, Inc. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this document
without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall Allied
Telesis, Inc. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including but not limited to
lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesis, Inc. has been
advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.
Electrical Safety and Emissions Standards
This product meets the following standards.
U.S. Federal Communications Commission
Radiated Energy
Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device pursuant to Part 15
of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the
equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency
energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with this instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Note: Modifications or changes not expressly approved of by the manufacturer or the FCC, can void your right to operate
this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
RFI Emissions
FCC Class A, EN55022 Class A, EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, VCCI
Class A, C-TICK, CE
Warning
In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference in which case the user
may be required to take adequate measures.
EMC (Immunity)
EN55024
Electrical Safety
EN60950-1 (TUV), EN60825-1 (TUV), UL 60950-1 (CULUS), CSA-C22-2
No. 60950-1 (CULUS)
Laser Safety
EN60825
3
Translated Safety Statements
Important: The  indicates that a translation of the safety statement is available in a PDF
document “Translated Safety Statements” posted on the Allied Telesis website at
www.alliedtelesis.com.
4
Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................................................ 13
Product Documentation.............................................................................................................................. 14
Starting a Management Session ................................................................................................................ 15
Safety Symbols Used in this Document ..................................................................................................... 16
Where to Find Web-based Guides............................................................................................................. 17
Contacting Allied Telesis............................................................................................................................ 18
Online Support..................................................................................................................................... 18
Email and Telephone Support ............................................................................................................. 18
Warranty .............................................................................................................................................. 18
Returning Products.............................................................................................................................. 18
Sales or Corporate Information ........................................................................................................... 18
Management Software Updates .......................................................................................................... 18
Chapter 1: Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 19
Introduction ................................................................................................................................................ 20
Switch Descriptions.................................................................................................................................... 21
x610-24Ts Switch ................................................................................................................................ 21
x610-24Ts/X Switch............................................................................................................................. 22
x610-48Ts Switch ................................................................................................................................ 23
x610-48Ts/X Switch............................................................................................................................. 24
x610-24SPs/X Switch .......................................................................................................................... 25
x610-24Ts-POE+ Switch ..................................................................................................................... 26
x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switch.................................................................................................................. 27
x610-48Ts-POE+ Switch ..................................................................................................................... 28
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switch.................................................................................................................. 29
10/100/1000Base-T Ports .......................................................................................................................... 30
Connector Type ................................................................................................................................... 30
Speed .................................................................................................................................................. 30
Duplex Mode ....................................................................................................................................... 30
Maximum Distance .............................................................................................................................. 30
Cable Type .......................................................................................................................................... 31
Auto-MDI/MDI-X .................................................................................................................................. 31
Port Pinouts ......................................................................................................................................... 31
SFP and SFP+ Transceiver Slots .............................................................................................................. 32
Combo Ports .............................................................................................................................................. 34
SD Card Slot .............................................................................................................................................. 36
Port LEDs................................................................................................................................................... 37
10/100/1000 Base-T LEDs .................................................................................................................. 37
SFP and SFP+ LEDs........................................................................................................................... 39
System STATUS LEDs .............................................................................................................................. 42
STACK LEDs ............................................................................................................................................. 45
Secure Digital (SD) LED ............................................................................................................................ 47
Terminal Port.............................................................................................................................................. 48
Power Supplies .......................................................................................................................................... 49
Redundant Power Supplies........................................................................................................................ 51
AT-LBM (Loop Back) Module..................................................................................................................... 53
5
Contents
VCStack Stacking Module .......................................................................................................................... 54
AC Power Connector.................................................................................................................................. 55
Power Over Ethernet Plus (PoE+).............................................................................................................. 56
Power Classes ..................................................................................................................................... 56
Power Capacity .................................................................................................................................... 57
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking ............................................................................................................ 59
VCStack Introduction.................................................................................................................................. 60
Features of VCStacking ....................................................................................................................... 60
The Physical Stack............................................................................................................................... 61
Resiliency Link ..................................................................................................................................... 62
Resiliency Link Configurations via Switch Ports .................................................................................. 63
Stack Formation ......................................................................................................................................... 64
The Role of the Stack Master............................................................................................................... 64
Connecting switches into a stack ......................................................................................................... 67
Steps to set up a VCStack ................................................................................................................... 69
Steps to replace a stack member......................................................................................................... 71
Provisioning.......................................................................................................................................... 71
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware ............................................................................................................... 73
Reviewing Safety Precautions.................................................................................................................... 74
Unpacking a Switch .................................................................................................................................... 77
Installing the Power Cord Retaining Clip .................................................................................................... 78
Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack............................................................................................ 79
Power Supply Module Installation .............................................................................................................. 81
Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 81
Installing a VCStack Stacking Module ................................................................................................. 82
VCStack Stacking Module Installation........................................................................................................ 88
Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 88
Preparation........................................................................................................................................... 89
Installing a VCStack Stacking Module ................................................................................................. 89
Cabling an AT-StackXG Stacking Module ........................................................................................... 93
Cabling an AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module.........................................................................................94
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports ......................................................................................................... 97
Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Specifications ............................................................................................... 98
Twisted Pair Cable Specifications........................................................................................................ 98
SFP and SFP+ Transceiver Specifications .......................................................................................... 99
Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers.....................................................................................................100
Cabling the 10/100/1000Base-T and Fiber Optic Ports............................................................................102
Power Wiring to a DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module......................................................................103
AC Power Connection to a Power Supply Module ...................................................................................107
Starting a Local Management Session ..............................................................................................109
Warranty Registration...............................................................................................................................110
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting ........................................................................................................................111
Power LED is Off ......................................................................................................................................112
Twisted Pair Port Link LED is Off .............................................................................................................113
SFP or SFP+ LED is Off ...........................................................................................................................114
Transceiver is Installed but the Status is “Not Present”............................................................................115
System Fault LED is Flashing ..................................................................................................................116
Two Flashes.......................................................................................................................................116
Three Flashes ....................................................................................................................................116
Five Flashes.......................................................................................................................................116
Six Flashes.........................................................................................................................................116
Cannot Establish a Local (Out-of-Band) Management Session ...............................................................117
Switch Functions Intermittently.................................................................................................................118
6
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Issues with Virtual Stacking Chassis Configuration ................................................................................. 119
Appendix A: Technical Specifications ...................................................................................................... 121
Physical Specifications............................................................................................................................. 121
Environmental Specifications ................................................................................................................... 122
Power Specifications................................................................................................................................ 123
Certifications ............................................................................................................................................ 124
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts .............................................................................................................. 125
RJ-45 Style Serial Terminal Port Pinouts................................................................................................. 127
AT-RPS3000 21-pin Connector Pinouts .................................................................................................. 127
7
Contents
8
List of Figures
Figure 1. x610-24Ts Switch .................................................................................................................................................21
Figure 2. x610-24Ts/X Switch..............................................................................................................................................22
Figure 3. x610-48Ts Switch .................................................................................................................................................23
Figure 4. x610-48Ts/X Switch..............................................................................................................................................24
Figure 5. x610-24SPs/X Switch ...........................................................................................................................................25
Figure 6. x610-24Ts-POE+ Switch ......................................................................................................................................26
Figure 7. x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switch...................................................................................................................................27
Figure 8. x610-48Ts-POE+ Switch ......................................................................................................................................28
Figure 9. x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switch...................................................................................................................................29
Figure 10. SFP/SFP+ Transceiver.......................................................................................................................................32
Figure 11. SD Card Slot ......................................................................................................................................................36
Figure 12. SD Card..............................................................................................................................................................36
Figure 13. Port LEDs on non-PoE+ x610 Series Switches..................................................................................................37
Figure 14. Port LEDs on PoE+ x610 Series Switches.........................................................................................................37
Figure 15. SFP LEDs on x610-24Ts and x610-24Ts-POE+ Switches ................................................................................39
Figure 16. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on
x610-24Ts/X and x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switches...................................................................................................................39
Figure 17. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on x610-24SPs/X Switch .................................................................................................40
Figure 18. SFP LEDs on x610-48Ts and x610-48Ts-POE+ Switches ................................................................................40
Figure 19. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switches.........................................................40
Figure 20. System STATUS LEDs on the Front Panel ........................................................................................................42
Figure 21. System STATUS LED on the Rear Panel ..........................................................................................................42
Figure 22. Switch STACK LEDs ..........................................................................................................................................45
Figure 23. SD Slot LED .......................................................................................................................................................47
Figure 24. AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply ..........................................................................................................................49
Figure 25. AT-PWR250 DC Power Supply ..........................................................................................................................50
Figure 26. AT-PWR800 Power Supply ................................................................................................................................50
Figure 27. AT-PWR1200 Power Supply ..............................................................................................................................50
Figure 28. Connectors on RPS............................................................................................................................................51
Figure 29. AT-LBM Module Installed in x610-48Ts/X Expansion Slot .................................................................................53
Figure 30. AT-StackXG Stacking Module ............................................................................................................................54
Figure 31. AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module .........................................................................................................................54
Figure 32. 100-125 VAC 125 V NEMA 5-20 Plug and Receptacle......................................................................................55
Figure 33. Back-to-Back Topology (x610 Switches)............................................................................................................61
Figure 34. VCStack Ring Topology Using x610 Switches ...................................................................................................62
Figure 35. Resiliency link Connecting to Switch Ports Over the ResiliencyLink VLAN .......................................................63
Figure 36. Resiliency link Connecting to sWitch Ports Over the ResiliencyLink VLAN Using a Network Hub ....................63
Figure 37. STACK and STATUS LEDs................................................................................................................................66
Figure 38. Power Cord Retaining Clip .................................................................................................................................78
Figure 39. Inserting the Retaining Clip into the Retaining Bracket ......................................................................................78
Figure 40. Removing the Feet .............................................................................................................................................79
Figure 41. Attaching Rack-Mount Brackets .........................................................................................................................80
Figure 42. Mounting the Switch in a Rack ...........................................................................................................................80
Figure 43. AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply ..........................................................................................................................81
Figure 44. AT-PWR250 DC Power Supply ..........................................................................................................................81
Figure 45. AT-PWR800 Power Supply ................................................................................................................................81
Figure 46. AT-PWR1200 Power Supply ..............................................................................................................................82
Figure 47. Removing the Blank Panel from the Power Supply Slot.....................................................................................82
Figure 48. Installing the AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply Module ........................................................................................83
Figure 49. Installing the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module ........................................................................................84
9
Figures
Figure 50.
Figure 51.
Figure 52.
Figure 53.
Figure 54.
Figure 55.
Figure 56.
Figure 57.
Figure 58.
Figure 59.
Figure 60.
Figure 61.
Figure 62.
Figure 63.
Figure 64.
Figure 65.
Figure 66.
Figure 67.
Figure 68.
Figure 69.
Figure 70.
Figure 71.
Figure 72.
Figure 73.
Figure 74.
Figure 75.
Figure 76.
Figure 77.
Figure 78.
Figure 79.
10
Installing the AT-PWR800 Power Supply Module ..............................................................................................84
Installing the AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Module ............................................................................................85
Securing the AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module ..............................................................................................85
Securing the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module ........................................................................................86
Securing the AT-PWR800 Power Supply Module ..............................................................................................86
Securing the AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Module ............................................................................................87
AT-StackXG Stacking Module ............................................................................................................................88
AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module .........................................................................................................................88
Removing the Blank Panel from the Expansion Slot ..........................................................................................90
Installing the AT-StackXG Stacking Module .......................................................................................................91
Installing the AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module ....................................................................................................91
Securing the AT-StackXG Stacking Module .......................................................................................................92
Securing the AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module ....................................................................................................92
Removing the Plastic Protector ..........................................................................................................................93
Removing a Dust Plug from a SFP+ Slot ...........................................................................................................94
Installing an SFP+ Transceiver...........................................................................................................................94
Positioning the SFP+ Transceiver Locking Handle ............................................................................................95
Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP+ Transceiver..........................................................................................95
Connecting a Fiber Optic Cable to the SFP+ Transceiver..................................................................................96
Removing a Dust Plug from a SFP Slot............................................................................................................100
Installing a Transceiver.....................................................................................................................................101
DC Terminal Block on the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module .................................................................104
Stripped Wire ....................................................................................................................................................104
Inserting Wires into a DC Terminal Block .........................................................................................................105
Power Cord Retaining Clip in the Up Position ..................................................................................................107
Connecting the AC Power Cord........................................................................................................................107
100-125 VAC 125 V NEMA 5-20 Plug and Receptacle ....................................................................................108
Connecting the Management Cable to the RJ-45 Terminal Port on the Switch ...............................................109
RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout ..............................................................................................................125
AT-RPS3000 21-Pin Connector Layout............................................................................................................127
List of Tables
Table 1. Safety Symbols .....................................................................................................................................................16
Table 2. Number of SFP and SFP+ Slots on x610 Series Switches ..................................................................................32
Table 3. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on 24 Port Switches .............................................................34
Table 4. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on x610-48Ts and x610-48Ts-POE+ Switches ...................34
Table 5. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switches ............34
Table 6. Switch Base-T LED Descriptions ..........................................................................................................................38
Table 7. SFP+ Slot LED Descriptions .................................................................................................................................41
Table 8. SFP Slot LED Descriptions ...................................................................................................................................41
Table 9. System STATUS LED Descriptions ......................................................................................................................43
Table 10. STACK LED Descriptions ...................................................................................................................................45
Table 11. SD LED Descriptions ..........................................................................................................................................47
Table 12. Class vs. Power Levels .......................................................................................................................................56
Table 13. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR250 Power Supply Unit ............................................................................57
Table 14. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR800 Power Supply Unit ............................................................................58
Table 15. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Unit ..........................................................................58
Table 16. STACK LED Descriptions ...................................................................................................................................66
Table 17. Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances ...................................................................................................................98
Table 18. Maximum Power Consumption at Power Supply Output (in Watts) .................................................................123
Table 19. MDI Pin Signals - 10 or 100 Mbps ....................................................................................................................125
Table 20. MDI-X Pin Signals - 10 or 100 Mbps ................................................................................................................125
Table 21. Pin Signals - 1000 Mbps ...................................................................................................................................126
Table 22. RJ-45 Style Serial Terminal Port Pin Signals ...................................................................................................127
Table 23. AT-RPS3000 21-Pin Connector Pinout Definitions ...........................................................................................128
11
Tables
12
Preface
This guide contains the installation instructions for the x610 Series Layer 3
Gigabit Ethernet Switches. This preface contains the following sections:

“Product Documentation” on page 14

“Starting a Management Session” on page 15

“Safety Symbols Used in this Document” on page 16

“Where to Find Web-based Guides” on page 17

“Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 18
13
Preface
Product Documentation
For overview information about the software features of the AlliedWare
Plus Operating System Software which runs on the x610 Series Switches,
refer to:
14

AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software Reference Guide

Virtual Chassis Stacking (VCS) How To Note

AT-StackXG Stacking Module Installation Guide
x610 Layer 3 Series Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Starting a Management Session
For instructions that describe how to start a local management session on
a x610 switch, refer to the “Power Wiring to a DC AT-PWR250 Power
Supply Module” on page 103. For information that describes how to log
onto the AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software, see the AlliedWare
Plus Operating System Software Reference Guide.
15
Preface
Safety Symbols Used in this Document
This document uses the safety symbols defined in Table 1.
Table 1. Safety Symbols
Symbol
16
Meaning
Description
Caution
Performing or omitting a specific action may
result in equipment damage or loss of data.
Warning
Performing or omitting a specific action may
result in electrical shock.
x610 Layer 3 Series Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Where to Find Web-based Guides
The installation and user guides for all Allied Telesis products are available
in portable document format (PDF) on our web site at
www.alliedtelesis.com. You can view the documents online or download
them onto a local workstation or server.
17
Preface
Contacting Allied Telesis
This section provides Allied Telesis contact information for technical
support as well as sales and corporate information.
Online Support
You can request technical support online by accessing the Allied Telesis
Knowledge Base at www.alliedtelesis.com/support and selecting the
“Read More” link under Knowledge Base. You can use the Knowledge
Base to submit questions to our technical support staff and review
answers to previously asked questions.
Email and
Telephone
Support
For Technical Support via email or telephone, refer to the Support section
of the Allied Telesis web site: www.alliedtelesis.com.
Warranty
For warranty information on the x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet
Switches, go to www.alliedtelesis.com/warranty for the specific terms
and conditions of the warranty and for warranty registration.
Returning
Products
Products for return or repair must first be assigned a return materials
authorization (RMA) number. A product sent to Allied Telesis without an
RMA number will be returned to the sender at the sender’s expense. For
instructions on how to obtain an RMA number, go to the Support section
on our web site at www.alliedtelesis.com.
Sales or
Corporate
Information
You can contact Allied Telesis for sales or corporate information through
our web site at www.alliedtelesis.com.
Management
Software Updates
New releases of the management software for our managed products are
available from the following Internet sites:

Allied Telesis web site: www.alliedtelesis.com

Allied Telesis FTP server: ftp://ftp.alliedtelesis.com
If the FTP server prompts you to log on, enter “anonymous” as the user
name and your email address as the password.
18
Chapter 1
Overview
This chapter contains the following sections:

“Introduction” on page 20

“Switch Descriptions” on page 21

“10/100/1000Base-T Ports” on page 30

“SFP and SFP+ Transceiver Slots” on page 32

“Combo Ports” on page 34

“SD Card Slot” on page 36

“Port LEDs” on page 37

“System STATUS LEDs” on page 42

“STACK LEDs” on page 45

“Secure Digital (SD) LED” on page 47

“Terminal Port” on page 48

“Power Supplies” on page 49

“Redundant Power Supplies” on page 51

“AT-LBM (Loop Back) Module” on page 53

“VCStack Stacking Module” on page 54

“AC Power Connector” on page 55

“Power Over Ethernet Plus (PoE+)” on page 56
Note
Do not begin the installation procedures in this guide until you have
read the AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software Release Notes
that are included with the latest release of the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software.
19
Chapter 1: Overview
Introduction
The x610 Series Switches are managed Gigabit Ethernet switches that
can either act as standalone units or be integrated into a stacked
configuration. There are eight Layer 3 switches in the series:

x610-24Ts Switch

x610-24Ts/X Switch

x610-48Ts Switch

x610-48Ts/X Switch

x610-24SPs/X Switch

x610-24Ts-POE+ Switch

x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switch

x610-48Ts-POE+ Switch

x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switch
The AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software runs on all of the x610
switches.
For more detailed information about the switches, including illustrations,
see “Switch Descriptions” on page 21.
20
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Switch Descriptions
The following sections describe the x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet
Switches.
x610-24Ts Switch
The x610-24Ts switch has the following hardware features:

24 10/100/1000Base-T ports

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module

Fixed 120 watts power supply
Figure 1 shows the x610-24Ts switch front and rear panels.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
23
x610-24Ts
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
FDX
18
HDX
20
POWER SUPPLY
22
1000 / 100
24
CONSOLE
SFP Slots
RJ-45
Console
Port
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
AC Power
Connector
24R
COL
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
100-240VAC~
22R
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
RPS Connector
RPS
READY
RPS LED
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 1. x610-24Ts Switch
21
Chapter 1: Overview
x610-24Ts/X
Switch
The x610-24Ts/X switch has the following hardware features:

24 10/100/1000Base-T ports

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

Two 10 Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+)
transceiver slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module

Fixed 120 watts power supply
Figure 2 shows the x610-24Ts/X switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
23
SFP+ 25
READY
x610-24Ts/X
1
FAULT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
FDX
18
HDX
20
22R
24R
22
1000 / 100
24
SFP Slots
POWER SUPPLY
SFP+ Slots
100-240VAC~
26
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console
Port
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
AC Power
Connector
10G
COL
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
RPS Connector
RPS
READY
RPS LED
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 2. x610-24Ts/X Switch
22
BUSY
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
x610-48Ts Switch
The x610-48Ts switch has the following hardware features:

48 10/100/1000Base-T ports

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module

Fixed 250 watts power supply
Figure 3 shows the x610-48Ts switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45R
47R
SFP
45
47
x610-48Ts
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
FDX
30
HDX
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46R
48R
46
1000 / 100
48
CONSOLE
COL
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
SFP Slots
RJ-45 Console Port
100-240VAC~
POWER SUPPLY
2
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
AC Power
Connector
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS Connector
RPS
READY
RPS LED
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 3. x610-48Ts Switch
23
Chapter 1: Overview
x610-48Ts/X
Switch
The x610-48Ts/X switch has the following hardware features:

48 10/100/1000Base-T ports

Two Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

Two 10 Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+)
transceiver slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Redundant power supply connector

Fixed 250 watts power supply

AT-LBM (Loop Back) module installed in the rear of the switch
Figure 4 shows the x610-48Ts/X switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47
47R
SFP
SFP+ 49
x610-48Ts/X
READY
FAULT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
FDX
30
HDX
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46
48R
48 1000 / 100
COL
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
POWER SUPPLY
100-240VAC~
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
50
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console Port
STACKING
AT-LBM
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
AC Power
Connector
10G
SFP Slots
SFP+ Slots
RPS Connector
RPS
READY
RPS LED
Expansion Slot with AT-LBM Module
Figure 4. x610-48Ts/X Switch
24
BUSY
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
x610-24SPs/X
Switch
The x610-24SPs/X switch has the following hardware features:

20 100/1000Base-X SFP slots

Four 100/1000Base-X SFP combo slots with four 10/100/1000Base-T
ports

Two 10 Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+)
transceiver slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module

Fixed 250 watts power supply
Figure 5 shows the x610-24SPs/X switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
SFP
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
21R
1000/100/10
23R
SFP+
25
READY
BUSY
FAULT
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
FDX
HDX
COL
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
1000 / 100
14
16
18
20
22
24
100/1000 Base-X SFP Ports
22R
24R
10/100/1000
Base-T Ports
SFP+ Slots
100-240VAC~
POWER SUPPLY
x610-24SPs/X
SD
21R - 24R PORT STATUS
26
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console
Port
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
AC Power
Connector
10G
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
RPS Connector
RPS
READY
RPS LED
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 5. x610-24SPs/X Switch
25
Chapter 1: Overview
x610-24Ts-POE+
Switch
The x610-24Ts-POE+ switch has the following hardware features:

24 10/100/1000Base-T ports with Power over Ethernet (PoE+)
capability.

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Power supply slot for one of the following:
–
250 Watt power supply (PWR250-AC or PWR250-DC)
–
800 Watt power supply (PWR800)
–
1200 Watt power supply (PWR1200)

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module
Figure 6 shows the x610-24Ts-POE+ switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
x610-24Ts-POE+
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21R
23R
23
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22R
24R
POWER SUPPLY
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
22
1000 / 100
24
SFP Slots
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console
Port
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
56V/18A MAX 12V/21A MAX
RPS
READY
RPS LED
RPS Connector
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 6. x610-24Ts-POE+ Switch
26
SFP
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
2
Power Supply Slot with Blank Panel
21
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
x610-24Ts/XPOE+ Switch
The x610-24Ts/X-POE+ switch has the following hardware features:

24 10/100/1000Base-T ports with Power over Ethernet Plus (PoE+)
capability.

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

Two 10 Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+)
transceiver slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Power supply slot for one of the following:
–
250 Watt power supply (PWR250-AC or PWR250-DC)
–
800 Watt power supply (PWR800)
–
1200 Watt power supply (PWR1200)

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module
Figure 7 shows the x610-24Ts/X-POE+ switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
SFP+ 25
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
22R
24R
22
1000 / 100
POWER SUPPLY
24
SFP Slots
SFP+ Slots
10G
26
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console
Port
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
56V/18A MAX 12V/21A MAX
Power Supply Slot with Blank Panel
23
RPS
READY
RPS LED
RPS Connector
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 7. x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switch
27
Chapter 1: Overview
x610-48Ts-POE+
Switch
The x610-48Ts-POE+ switch has the following hardware features:

48 10/100/1000Base-T ports with Power over Ethernet (PoE+)
capability.

Four Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Power supply slot for one of the following:
–
250 Watt power supply (PWR250-AC or PWR250-DC)
–
800 Watt power supply (PWR800)
–
1200 Watt power supply (PWR1200)

Redundant power supply connector

Expansion slot for either an AT-StackXG or an AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module
Figure 8 shows the x610-48Ts-POE+ switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
SD Slot
x610-48Ts-POE+
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45R
47R
45
SFP
47
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
44
46R
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
48R
46
1000 / 100
48
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
CONSOLE
SFP Slots
POWER SUPPLY
RJ-45 Console Port
RPS INPUT
56V/18A MAX 12V/21A MAX
Power Supply Slot with Blank Panel
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS
READY
RPS LED
RPS Connector
Expansion Slot with Blank Panel
Figure 8. x610-48Ts-POE+ Switch
28
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
x610-48Ts/XPOE+ Switch
The x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switch has the following hardware features:

48 10/100/1000Base-T ports with Power over Ethernet Plus (PoE+)
capability.

Two Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable (SFP) transceiver
slots

Two 10 Gigabit Ethernet small form-factor pluggable plus (SFP+)
transceiver slots

An RJ-45 style serial terminal port for local (out-of-band) management

One SD slot supporting SD and SDHC cards

Status LEDs for the ports, transceiver slots, and system

Power supply slot for one of the following:
–
250 Watt power supply (PWR250-AC or PWR250-DC)
–
800 Watt power supply (PWR800)
–
1200 Watt power supply (PWR1200)

Redundant power supply connector

AT-LBM (Loop Back) module installed in the rear of the switch
Figure 9 shows the x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switch front and rear panel.
System and Stack LEDs
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
SD Slot
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
19
21
23
25
27
29
31
33
35
37
39
41
43
45
47R
47
SFP
SFP+ 49
READY
BUSY
FAULT
SD
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
22
24
26
28
30
32
34
36
38
40
42
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
44
46
48R
48 1000 / 100
POWER SUPPLY
CONSOLE
RJ-45
Console Port
STACKING
AT-LBM
RPS INPUT
56V/18A MAX 12V/21A MAX
Power Supply Slot with Blank Panel
50
SFP Slots
SFP+ Slots
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
10G
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
RPS
READY
RPS LED
RPS Connector
Expansion Slot with AT-LBM Module
Figure 9. x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switch
29
Chapter 1: Overview
10/100/1000Base-T Ports
This section describes the 10/100/1000Base-T ports on the switches.
Connector Type
Speed
Duplex Mode
The ports are 8-pin RJ-45 connectors that use four pins at 10 or 100 Mbps
and all eight pins at 1000 Mbps. For the pin assignments, refer to “RJ-45
Twisted Pair Port Pinouts” on page 125.
A port’s speed can be 10, 100, or 1000 Mbps. The speed can be set
automatically through Auto-Negotiation, the default setting, or manually
with the AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software.
A 10/100/1000Base-T port can operate in either half- or full-duplex mode.
(Full-duplex mode is the only mode available when a port is operating at
1000 Mbps.) The 10/100/1000Base-T ports are IEEE 802.3u-compliant
and Auto-Negotiate the duplex mode setting.
You can disable Auto-Negotiation on the switch ports and set the duplex
mode manually through the AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software.
Note
In order for a switch port to successfully Auto-Negotiate its duplex
mode with a 10 or 100 Mbps end node, the end node must also be
configured for Auto-Negotiation. Otherwise, a duplex mode
mismatch can occur. A switch port using Auto-Negotiation defaults
to half-duplex if it detects that the end node is not using
Auto-Negotiation. This results in a mismatch if the end node is
operating at a fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.
To avoid this problem when connecting an end node with a fixed
duplex mode of full-duplex to a switch port, use the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software to disable Auto-Negotiation on the port
and set the port speed and duplex mode manually.
Please be aware that disabling Auto-Negotiation also disables
Auto-MDI/MDIX. The port’s wiring configuration defaults to the
MDI-X setting. This setting can be configured with the AlliedWare
Plus Operating System Software.
Maximum
Distance
30
The ports have a maximum operating distance of 100 meters (328 feet).
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Cable Type
Auto-MDI/
MDI-X
The cabling requirements for a 10/100/1000Base-T port are:

For 10 Mbps operation: Standard TIA/EIA 568-B-compliant Category 3
or better shielded or unshielded cabling with 100 ohm impedance and
a frequency range that extends to 16 MHz.

For 100 Mbps operation: Standard TIA/EIA 568-A-compliant Category
5 or TIA/EIA 568-B-compliant Enhanced Category 5 (Cat 5e) shielded
or unshielded cabling with 100 ohm impedance and a frequency range
that extends to 100 MHz.

For 1000 Mbps operation: Standard TIA/EIA 568-A-compliant
Category 5 or TIA/EIA 568-B-compliant Enhanced Category 5 (Cat 5e)
shielded or unshielded cabling with 100 ohm impedance and a
frequency range that extends to 100 MHz.
The 10/100/1000Base-T ports on the switch are IEEE 802ab-compliant
and feature auto-MDI/MDI-X. This feature, available when a port’s speed
and duplex mode are set through Auto-Negotiation, automatically
configures a switch port to MDI or MDI-X depending on the wiring
configuration of the port on the end node. This feature allows you to use a
straight-through twisted pair cable when connecting any network device to
a port on the switch.
Disabling Auto-Negotiation on a port and setting the speed and duplex
mode manually also disables the auto-MDI/MDI-X feature. A port where
Auto-Negotiation has been disabled defaults to MDI-X. Disabling
Auto-Negotiation may require manually configuring a port’s MDI/MDI-X
setting or using a crossover cable.
Port Pinouts
The port pinout information is listed in Appendix A, Technical
Specifications.

When operating at 10 or 100 Mbps in the MDI configuration, refer to
the specifications in Table 19 on page 125.

When operating at 10 or 100 Mbps in the MDI-X configuration, refer to
the specifications in Table 20 on page 125.

When a 10/100/1000Base-T port operates at 1000 Mbps, refer to the
specifications in Table 21 on page 126.
31
Chapter 1: Overview
SFP and SFP+ Transceiver Slots
The x610 Series switches feature slots for optional Gigabit Ethernet SFP
transceivers, as listed in Table 2. The SFP slots support both fiber optic
and copper transceivers. Fiber optic transceivers let you connect the
switches to other network devices over long distances using fiber optic
cables. Copper transceivers allow you to add more twisted pair ports to
your x610 Series switch.
The x610-24Ts/X, x610-24Ts/X-POE+, x610-24SPs/X, x610-48Ts/X, and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches feature additional slots for optional Gigabit
Ethernet SFP+ transceivers, as listed in Table 2. The SFP+ slots support
both fiber optic and copper 10 Gbps transceivers.
Table 2. Number of SFP and SFP+ Slots on x610 Series Switches
Model
SFP Slots
SFP+ Slots
x610-24Ts
4
-
x610-24Ts-POE+
4
-
x610-24Ts/X
4
2
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
4
2
x610-24SPs/X
24
2
x610-48Ts
4
-
x610-48Ts-POE+
4
-
x610-48Ts/X
2
2
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
2
2
Figure 10 shows a SFP/SFP+ transceiver.
Figure 10. SFP/SFP+ Transceiver
Refer to “Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers” on page 100 for the SFP
installation instructions.
32
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Note
For a list of supported SFP and SFP+ transceivers, contact your
Allied Telesis sales representative.
33
Chapter 1: Overview
Combo Ports
On the 24 port x610 Series switches, the 10/100/1000Base-T ports 21R to
24R are paired with the four SFP slots to form four combo ports, as listed
in Table 3.
Table 3. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on 24 Port
Switches
Ports and Slots
Port 21R with SFP slot 21
Port 22R with SFP slot 22
Port 23R with SFP slot 23
Port 24R with SFP slot 24
On the x610-48Ts and x610-48Ts-POE+ switches, the
10/100/1000Base-T ports 45R to 48R are paired with the four SFP slots to
form four combo ports, as listed in Table 4.
Table 4. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on x610-48Ts
and x610-48Ts-POE+ Switches
Ports and Slots
Port 45R with SFP slot 45
Port 46R with SFP slot 46
Port 47R with SFP slot 47
Port 48R with SFP slot 48
On the x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches, the
10/100/1000Base-T ports 47R and 48R are paired with the two SFP slots
to form two combo ports, as listed in Table 5.
Table 5. 10/100/1000Base-T Ports Matched with SFP Slots on
x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Switches
Ports and Slots
Port 47R with SFP slot 47
Port 48R with SFP slot 48
The 10/100/1000Base-T ports are identified with the letter “R” for
“Redundant” as part of their number on the faceplate of the unit.
34
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Follow these guidelines when using these ports and slots:

Only one port in a pair, either a 10/100/1000Base-T port or a
corresponding SFP module can be active at a time.

A 10/100/1000Base-T port is the active port when its SFP slot is
empty, or when an SFP module is installed but has not established a
link to an end node.

A 10/100/1000Base-T port automatically changes to the redundant
status mode when an SFP module establishes a link with an end node.

A 10/100/1000Base-T port automatically transitions back to the active
status when the link is lost on an SFP module.

In nearly all cases, a 10/100/1000Base-T port and an SFP module
share the same configuration settings, including port settings, VLAN
assignments, access control lists, and Spanning Tree Protocol
settings.

An exception to the shared settings is port speed. If you disable
Auto-Negotiation on an 10/100/1000Base-T port and set the speed
and duplex mode manually, the speed reverts to Auto-Negotiation
when an SFP module establishes a link with an end node.

The PoE+ power supplied from the 10/100/1000Base-T port is
unaffected by insertion of an SFP module in to the corresponding SFP
combo port.
35
Chapter 1: Overview
SD Card Slot
All of the x610 Series Switches have an SD card slot for storing
configuration files and AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software image
files on an SD card (or SDHC card). See Figure 11.
BUSY
READY
SD
FAULT
Figure 11. SD Card Slot
An SD card, shown in Figure 12, can make it easier for you to upgrade the
files on a switch or transfer files between x610 switches.
LOC
K
SD Me
mory
Card
1319
Figure 12. SD Card
Note
An SD card is not required for normal operations of the switch.
To insert an SD card, position it so that the manufacturer’s brand label is
facing up and press it into the slot until it is flush with the front of the
chassis. To remove the SD card, gently press and release the card. The
SD card will then pop out so you can grasp it with your fingers.
For information on how to transfer files to and from a SD card, refer to the
AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software Reference Guide.
36
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Port LEDs
The following sections describe the 10/100/1000Base-T port, SFP, and
SFP+ LEDs.
10/100/1000
Base-T LEDs
On the non-PoE+ models, each port has two LEDs labeled L/A (link/
activity) and D/C (duplex mode/collisions). Figure 13 shows the port LEDs
on the non-PoE+ models.
LINK/ACT
LED
DUP/COL
LED
LINK/ACT
LED
DUP/COL
LED
1467
Figure 13. Port LEDs on non-PoE+ x610 Series Switches
On the PoE+ models, each port has two LEDs labeled L/A (link/activity)
and PoE (Power over Ethernet). Figure 14 shows the port LEDs on the
PoE+ models.
LINK/ACT
LED
PoE
LED
LINK/ACT
LED
PoE
LED
1467
Figure 14. Port LEDs on PoE+ x610 Series Switches
37
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 6 describes the LEDs for the Base-T ports.
Table 6. Switch Base-T LED Descriptions
LED
L/A
D/C
PoE
38
Function
Link Status
and Activity
Duplex
Mode and
Collisions
Power over
Ethernet
Status
State
Description
Off
No link has been established between
the port and the end node.
Solid
Green
The port has established a link at
1000 Mbps.
Flashing
Green
Packets are being received or
transmitted at 1000 Mbps.
Solid
Amber
The port has established a link at 10
or 100 Mbps.
Flashing
Amber
Packets are being received or
transmitted at 10 or 100 Mbps.
Solid
Green
The port is operating in full-duplex
mode.
Solid
Amber
The port is operating in half-duplex
mode (only applies when operating at
10 or 100 Mbps).
Flashing
Amber
Collisions are occurring on the port
(only applies when operating at 10 or
100 Mbps, half-duplex mode).
Off
There is no powered device detected.
Solid
Green
The end node is a powered device
and the port is providing power to it.
Solid
Amber
The port is experiencing a problem
providing PoE to the end node.
Flashing
Amber
The port is connected to a powered
device but providing power to it would
exceed the maximum PoE power
budget of the switch.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
SFP and SFP+
LEDs
For each SFP slot there is one LINK/ACTIVITY LED, as shown in
Figure 15, Figure 16, Figure 17, Figure 18, and Figure 19.
For each SFP+ slot on the x610-24Ts/X, x610-24Ts/X-POE+,
x610-24SPs/X, x610-48Ts/X, and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches there is
one LINK/ACTIVITY LED, as shown in Figure 16 and Figure 19.
The SFP+ LED definitions are given in Table 7 and the SFP LED
definitions are given in Table 8.
SFP
21
22
23
1000 / 100
24
SFP LINK/ACT LEDs
Figure 15. SFP LEDs on x610-24Ts and x610-24Ts-POE+ Switches
21
22
SFP
1000 / 100
SFP LINK/ACT
LEDs
23
24
SFP+ 25
10G
26
SFP+ LINK/ACT
LEDs
Figure 16. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on
x610-24Ts/X and x610-24Ts/X-POE+ Switches
39
Chapter 1: Overview
21
22
SFP
1000 / 100
23
SFP+
25
24
10G
26
2327
SFP LINK/ACT
LEDs
SFP+ LINK/ACT
LEDs
Figure 17. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on x610-24SPs/X Switch
45
SFP
47
46
1000 / 100
48
SFP LINK/ACT LEDs
Figure 18. SFP LEDs on x610-48Ts and x610-48Ts-POE+ Switches
47
SFP
48 1000 / 100
SFP LINK/ACT
LEDs
SFP+ 49
10G
50
SFP+ LINK/ACT
LEDs
Figure 19. SFP and SFP+ LEDs on x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+
40
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Switches
Table 7. SFP+ Slot LED Descriptions
LED
L/A
Function
Link Status
and Activity
State
Description
Off
No link has been established between
the port and the end node.
Solid
Green
The port has established a link at
10 Gbps.
Flashing
Green
Packets are being received or
transmitted at 10 Gbps.
Table 8. SFP Slot LED Descriptions
LED
L/A
Function
Link Status
and Activity
State
Description
Off
No link has been established between
the port and the end node.
Solid
Green
The port has established a link at
1 Gbps.
Flashing
Green
Packets are being received or
transmitted at either 100Mbps or
1 Gbps, depending on the transceiver
installed.
Solid
Amber
The port has established a link at less
than 1 Gbps.
Flashing
Amber
Packets are being received or
transmitted at less than 1 Gbps.
41
Chapter 1: Overview
System STATUS LEDs
The system STATUS LEDs on the front panel display general status
information. To locate these LEDs, see Figure 20. On the rear panel there
is a single system STATUS LED, as shown in Figure 21. See Table 9 for a
description of the system STATUS LEDs.
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
Figure 20. System STATUS LEDs on the Front Panel
RPS
READY
Figure 21. System STATUS LED on the Rear Panel
42
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Table 9. System STATUS LED Descriptions
LED
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
State
Description
Off
Indicates normal operation.
Red
Flashing
The switch or management software is
malfunctioning. This LED lights and then turns off
after hardware initializes. The following flash
sequences indicate a hardware-related fault.
After sequences of two or more flashes, the LED
stops briefly, then repeats the sequence. If
multiple faults occur, the LED flashes each
sequence in turn, stops briefly, then repeats the
sequences.
1 Flash
This state is not supported on the x610 Switches.
2 Flashes
One or more than one of the chassis fan rotors or
the pluggable POE chassis power supply fans is
operating below the recommended speed.
3 Flashes
This state indicates a chassis power supply fault
and the chassis is powered by AT-RPS3000
Redundant Power Supply. This indication applies
to all non-POE and POE models.
4 Flashes
This state is not supported on the x610 Switches.
5 Flashes
The RPS3000 is connected to the x610 switch,
but no RPS power is available to be supplied.
6 Flashes
The switch’s temperature has exceeded the
recommended threshold.
Off
Indicates that the switch is not the Stack Master.
Flashing
Green
Indicates the specific stack member’s ID of the
switch in response to the ‘show stack indicator’
command. The LED will repeatedly flash ‘n’ times
in quick succession, followed by a longer pause,
where n is the stack member's ID.
Solid
Green
Indicates that the switch is the Stack Master.
Off
No optional redundant power supply is
connected to the switch.
Solid
Green
An optional redundant power supply is physically
connected to the switch and may be powered on
or off.
43
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 9. System STATUS LED Descriptions (Continued)
LED
PWR
RPS
READY
(at rear)
44
State
Description
Off
The switch is not receiving power.
Solid
Green
The switch is receiving power.
Off
The RPS is not receiving power.
Solid
Green
The RPS is receiving power.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
STACK LEDs
The STACK LEDs display the link status of the VCStack stacking module
and its two stacking ports. If a stacking module or the stack cables are not
installed, all LEDs remain off. To locate the STACK LEDs, see Figure 22,
and for a description of the STACK LEDs, see Table 10.
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
Figure 22. Switch STACK LEDs
Table 10. STACK LED Descriptions
LED
MSTR
L/A 1
State
Description
Off
The switch is not part of a stack or is a member
unit of the stack.
Solid
Green
The switch is the master unit of the stack.
Off
Stack Port 1 has not established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Solid
Green
Stack Port 1 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Flashing
Green
Stack Port 1 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module and is sending or receiving packet
traffic.
45
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 10. STACK LED Descriptions (Continued)
LED
L/A 2
PRES
46
State
Description
Off
Stack Port 2 has not established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Solid
Green
Stack Port 2 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Flashing
Green
Stack Port 2 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module and is sending or receiving packet
traffic.
Off
The expansion slot for the VCStack stacking
module is empty.
Solid
Green
A VCStack stacking module is installed in the
switch.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Secure Digital (SD) LED
All x610 Series Switches have one Secure Digital (SD) LED, shown in
Figure 23 and defined in Table 11.
READY
BUSY
SD
FAULT
Figure 23. SD Slot LED
Table 11. SD LED Descriptions
LED
SD
Function
State
Description
Link Status
and Activity
Flashing
Amber
Indicates a fault has been detected.
The SD card is not valid or a read or
write procedure was unsuccessful.
Solid
Green
An SD card has been detected.
Flashing
Green
An SD card is reading or writing data.
Do not eject the SD card when it is in
this state.
47
Chapter 1: Overview
Terminal Port
The terminal port is used to establish a local (out-of-band) management
session with the switch. You establish a local management session by
connecting a terminal or a personal computer with a terminal emulation
program to the port.
The terminal port has an RJ-45 style connector. An RJ-45 to RS-232
management cable is supplied with the switch.
The terminal port is set to the following specifications:

Default baud rate: 9600 bps (Range is 9600 to 115200 bps)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
See Table 22 on page 127 for the pin signal definitions on the RJ-45 port.
Note
These settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulation program.
48
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Power Supplies
The x610-24Ts-POE+, x610-24Ts/X-POE+, x610-48Ts-POE+ and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches are supplied with a factory installed blank
panel on the power supply slot. An AT-PWR250 (250W - AC or DC),
AT-PWR800 (800W), or a AT-PWR1200 (1200W) power supply can be
installed in these switches. These power supplies are illustrated in
Figure 24, Figure 25 on page 50, Figure 26 on page 50 and Figure 27 on
page 50.
Note that the AT-PWR250 supplies system power only to the switch.
Either an AT-PWR800 or an AT-PWR1200 is required to supply power to
the PoE+ ports in addition to system power to the switch.
Warning
Do not hot swap the power supply modules. Always disconnect the
AC cord before the power supply module is removed and ensure the
power supply module is correctly installed before reconnecting the
AC cord.
Note
When installed, the AT-PWR1200 Module extends 5.6 cm (2.2 in.)
from the back panel of the chassis.
AT-PWR250
The model of power supply that is installed determines the maximum
number of PoE+ ports that are supported on the switch. The maximum
number of PoE+ and PoE ports supported on the switch, depending on the
power supply model installed, is described in “Power Capacity” on
page 57.
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 5A MAX
2196
Figure 24. AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply
49
40-60VDC
6A
OUTPUT POWER
FAULT
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
AT-PWR250
Chapter 1: Overview
2197
AT-PWR800
Figure 25. AT-PWR250 DC Power Supply
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 12A MAX
AT-PWR1200
Figure 26. AT-PWR800 Power Supply
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 16A MAX
2267
Figure 27. AT-PWR1200 Power Supply
50
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Redundant Power Supplies
The Redundant Power Supply connector on an x610 Series switch rear
panel can connect to an optional Redundant Power Supply (RPS), the
AT-RPS3000. The RPS can provide power to the switch in the event of a
failure of the switch’s internal power supply.
The AT-RPS3000 has slots for two power supply modules. Either the
AT-PWR800 (800W) or AT-PWR1200 (1200W) power supply modules
can be installed in the RPS.
Warning
Do not hot swap the power supply modules. It is not necessary to
power down the RPS before you remove or swap a power supply
module. However, always disconnect the AC cord before the power
supply module is removed and ensure the power supply module is
correctly installed before reconnecting the AC cord.
When fully populated, the RPS can support up to four x610 switches
simultaneously, depending on the switches configuration. The RPS can
backup one high-power consumption switch or two low-power
consumption switches with each power supply module. The 24 port
switches are considered low-power consumption switches while the 48
port switches are considered high-power consumption switches. The RPS
is not able to identify if the attached switch is a high-power consumption
switch or a low-power consumption switch.
The RPS has four connectors on the rear panel, as shown in Figure 28.
Connectors 1 and 2 supply power from power supply module A, the right
side module, and connectors 3 and 4 supply power from power supply
module B, the left side module.
Figure 28. Connectors on RPS
Connectors 1 and 3 supply system power only and connectors 2 and 4
supply system power and extra PoE power. A switch connected to
connector 2 will receive extra PoE power only from power supply module
A and a switch connected to connector 4 will receive extra PoE power only
from power supply module B.
51
Chapter 1: Overview
The RPS can be the only source of PoE power for the switch or the RPS
can boost the PoE power available from the primary power source, the
power supply module installed in the switch. If the switch does not receive
PoE power from its primary power supply, the available PoE power
depends on the PoE rating of the associated power supply module in
RPS. If the switch is able to get PoE power from both primary power
supply and RPS, the primary power supply and the power supply module
installed in the RPS will share the PoE load.
For information about installing the RPS, consult the documentation
shipped with the unit.
The connector pinouts for the AT-RPS3000 redundant power supply are
described in “AT-RPS3000 21-pin Connector Pinouts” on page 127.
52
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
AT-LBM (Loop Back) Module
POWER SUPPLY
The x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches are shipped from the
factory with an AT-LBM module installed in the expansion slot on the rear
panel, as shown in Figure 29. This module is factory installed for the
non-stacking configuration. It provides the capability for a full line rate,
non-blocking switching configuration when there are connections on the
x610-48Ts/X and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches to all 44 copper ports, two
SFP ports, and two SFP+ ports. If you need to configure the switch for
stacking, you may install a VCStack stacking module in place of the
AT-LBM Module.
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
STACKING
AT-LBM
RPS INPUT
56V/18A MAX 12V/21A MAX
RPS
READY
Figure 29. AT-LBM Module Installed in x610-48Ts/X Expansion Slot
Note
The AT-LBM module is very similar to a blank panel in its outward
appearance except that it is marked with the “AT_LBM” model name
in the upper left-hand corner of the faceplate.
If the AT-LBM module is replaced with either an AT-StackXG or
AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module, the switching configuration is no
longer non-blocking.
53
Chapter 1: Overview
VCStack Stacking Module
A Virtual Chassis Stack (VCStack) is two or more separate Allied Telesis
switches that are configured to operate as a single logical switch. The
component switches are connected via VCStack stacking modules
installed in each switch.
Two VCStack stacking modules are available:

The AT-StackXG has two full-duplex, 12 Gbps stacking ports, shown in
Figure 30.

The AT-x6EM/XS2 has two 10 Gbps SFP+ stacking slots, shown in
Figure 31. Note that the port speed of the AT-x6EM/XS2 is fixed at
10 Gbps.
AT-StackXG
STACK PORT 2
STACK PORT 1
Figure 30. AT-StackXG Stacking Module
AT-x6EM/XS2
L/A
10G LINK
ACT
1000 LINK
1
2
L/A
SFP+
ACT
CLASS 1
LASER PRODUCT
L/A
POWER
SFP+
Figure 31. AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module
Refer to “VCStack Stacking Module Installation” on page 88 for the
AT-StackXG and AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module installation instructions.
For more information on stacking see Chapter 2, “Virtual Chassis
Stacking” on page 59 and refer to the Allied Telesis Inc. website
(www.alliedtelesis.com) for the Overview of Virtual Chassis Stacking
(VCS) and the Virtual Chassis Stacking section of the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference Guide.
54
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
AC Power Connector
The x610 switches have a single AC power supply socket on the rear
panel, which has autoswitch AC inputs. To power the switch on or off,
connect or disconnect the power cord.
For countries that require 100-125 VAC installations, the power cord plug
provided with the AT-PWR1200 power supply has a 20 Amp, 125 V NEMA
5-20P plug. This plug is only compatible with a NEMA 5-20R receptacle.
See Figure 32.
G
W
1965
Figure 32. 100-125 VAC 125 V NEMA 5-20 Plug and Receptacle
Refer to “Technical Specifications” on page 121 for the input voltage
range.
55
Chapter 1: Overview
Power Over Ethernet Plus (PoE+)
The following section applies to x610-24Ts-POE+, x610-24Ts/X-POE+,
x610-48Ts-POE+ and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ Gigabit Ethernet switches only.
The 10/100/1000Base-T ports on these switches feature Power over
Ethernet (PoE), defined in the IEEE 802.3af standard, and Power over
Ethernet Plus (PoE+), defined in the IEEE 802.3at standard.
PoE+ is a mechanism for supplying power to network devices over the
same twisted pair cables used to carry network traffic. Power is injected on
the Ethernet cabling along with data by Power Sourcing Equipment (PSE),
like an Ethernet LAN switch or router. A device that receives its power
over an Ethernet cable is called a Powered Device (PD).
The switch automatically determines whether or not a device connected to
a port is a PD. A PD has a signature resistor or capacitor that the switch
can detect over the Ethernet cabling. If the resistor or capacitor is present,
the switch assumes that the device is a PD.
Once a PD is discovered, a PSE may optionally perform PD classification
by applying a DC voltage to the port. If the PD supports optional power
classification it will apply a load to the line to indicate to the PSE the
classification the device requires.
For more detailed information about PoE+ see the latest release of the
AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software Reference Guide.
Power Classes
Since PDs may require differing power ranges, the IEEE 802.3at Power
Ethernet standards classifies PDs according to their power consumption.
By providing the PSE with its power range, the PD allows the PSE to
supply power with greater efficiency. The power classes as outlined by
IEEE 802.3at are as follows, showing the different PD classes and the
PSE power output for each corresponding PD power range:
Table 12. Class vs. Power Levels
PD Class
56
Maximum Power Level
Output at the PD*
Maximum Power Level
Output at the PSE
0
0.44W to 12.95W
15.4W
1
0.44W to 3.84W
4.0W
2
3.84W to 6.49W
7.0W
3
6.49W to 12.95W
15.4W
4
12.95W to 25.5W
30W
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
*
The Maximum Power Level Output levels reflect the loss introduced by a 100
meter Ethernet cable between the Power Source Equipment (PSE) and the
Power Device (PD).
A port connected to a network node that is not a PD functions as a regular
Ethernet port, without PoE+. The PoE+ feature remains enabled on the
port but no power is delivered to the device.
Note
On the 24 port x610 PoE+ switches, the PoE+ power supplied from
ports 21R, 22R, 23R and 24R is unaffected by insertion of a SFP
module into the corresponding SFP combo port.
On the 48 port x610 PoE+ switches, the PoE+ power supplied from
ports 47R and 48R is unaffected by insertion of a SFP module into
the corresponding SFP combo port.
Power Capacity
Either a 250W (AT-PWR250), 800W (AT-PWR800) or a 1200W
(AT-PWR1200) power supply can be installed in the x610-24Ts-POE+,
x610-24Ts/X-POE+, x610-48Ts-POE+ and x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches.
The power supply model that is installed determines the maximum number
of PoE+ ports that are supported on the switch. The following three tables
show the maximum number of PoE+ and PoE ports supported on the
switch, depending on the model of power supply installed. Note that the
numbers in these tables only provide the maximum number of PoE+ and
PoE ports supported and that there are many combinations of PoE+ and
PoE ports that are supported.
Table 13. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR250 Power Supply Unit
Model
Available
PoE Power
IEEE 802.3at
Class 4 (30W)
IEEE 802.3af
Class 3
(15.4W)
x610-24Ts-POE+
None
None
None
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
None
None
None
x610-48Ts-POE+
None
None
None
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
None
None
None
57
Chapter 1: Overview
Table 14. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR800 Power Supply Unit
Model
Available
PoE Power
IEEE 802.3at
Class 4 (30W)
IEEE 802.3af
Class 3
(15.4W)
x610-24Ts-POE+
480W
Max 16 ports
Max 24 ports
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
480W
Max 16 ports
Max 24 ports
x610-48Ts-POE+
480W
Max 16 ports
Max 31 ports
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
480W
Max 16 ports
Max 31 ports
Table 15. PoE+ Ports Supported With AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Unit
Model
58
Available
PoE Power
IEEE 802.3at
Class 4 (30W)
IEEE 802.3af
Class 3
(15.4W)
x610-24Ts-POE+
780W
Max 24 ports
Max 24 ports
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
780W
Max 24 ports
Max 24 ports
x610-48Ts-POE+
780W
Max 26 ports
Max 48 port
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
780W
Max 26 ports
Max 48 port
Chapter 2
Virtual Chassis Stacking
This chapter contains the following sections:

“VCStack Introduction” on page 60

“Features of VCStacking” on page 60

“The Physical Stack” on page 61

“Resiliency Link” on page 62

“Resiliency Link Configurations via Switch Ports” on page 63

“Stack Formation” on page 64

“The Role of the Stack Master” on page 64

“Connecting switches into a stack” on page 67

“Steps to set up a VCStack” on page 69

“Steps to replace a stack member” on page 71

“Provisioning” on page 71
59
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
VCStack Introduction
Virtual Chassis Stacking (VCStack™) is the name given to two or more
separate Allied Telesis switches that are configured to operate as a single
logical switch. The VCStack operates as a single device and is not
perceived by end users, or the traffic itself, to be any more than a single
network node. From a configuration and management point of view, it is as
though the switches are one device with a seamless transition from the
ports of one stack member to the ports of the next.
Each component switch in a VCStack is called a stack member. The
VCStack also contains one stack master, which is the switch that
manages the stack. To function as a VCStack the component switches are
connected using high-speed stacking links.
When configuring a VCStack, there are no limitations on how the ports on
one stack member can interact with the ports of another stack member.
VLANs, port aggregations, port mirroring, and port ranges in the
configuration can all span multiple stack members. The stack member
ports truly operate as though they all belong to one virtual switch. The
same applies with Layer 2 and Layer 3 switching (both unicast and
multicast).
A VCStack may also include a resiliency link, which is an extra,
out-of-band, data link between stack members. In the event of loss of
communication across the stacking connection, the stack members can
determine the status of other members via communication on the
resiliency link. This assists the stack members in deciding the correct
course of action when communication on the stack is lost.
For more information about Virtual Chassis Stacking (VCStack™) see the
Stacking Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare
Plus Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
Features of
VCStacking
Creating a VCStack greatly eases network management, because you
can configure all the stacked devices via a single IP address. Creating a
VCStack will often eliminate your need to configure protocols such as
VRRP and Spanning Tree. VCStack also enables you to create highly
resilient networks. This resiliency can be applied in several ways.
Within the stack itself, switch interconnection is via two links. The second
link is able to provide an alternative data path, so the stack continues to
function if a single link fails. User ports can also be made extremely
resilient by utilizing link aggregation. Aggregated links can span ports,
modules, and even switches within the stack. Creating aggregated links
that span multiple switches within a stack creates a resilient configuration.
Communication will still exist even if a switch and its aggregated ports fail.
60
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Depending on the switch types used, a stack can comprise from 2 to 8
individual stack members interconnected via high speed stacking links. A
stack always has a primary stack member called the stack master, and
can contain up to 7 other stack members. For information about VCStack
stacking modules available and cable specifications, see “Connecting
switches into a stack” on page 67 for more information.
Two Switch Stack Configuration
100-240VAC~
POWER SUPPLY
This configuration, shown in Figure 33, uses two switches that are
connected back to back via two high-speed stacking links. In this
configuration the stack can still function using only a single high speed
link. Note that stacking ports labeled 1 must connect to stacking ports
labeled 2. Also, in this example the switches have AT-StackXG stacking
modules installed.
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
STACKING
AT-StackXG
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
STACK PORT 2
STACK PORT 1
RPS
READY
High Speed Stacking Cables (0.5 meter)
Model Number AT-StackXG/0.5
100-240VAC~
POWER SUPPLY
The Physical
Stack
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
STACKING
AT-StackXG
STACK PORT 1
STACK PORT 2
RPS
READY
Figure 33. Back-to-Back Topology (x610 Switches)
61
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
Ring Configuration
POWER SUPPLY
A virtual stack using x610 switches can comprise up to 8 stack members
connected in a ring topology. Figure 34 shows a ring comprising 3 stacked
x610 series switches with AT-StackXG stacking modules installed.
Because an alternate path is provided between the stack members, this
topology offers a very resilient configuration.
100-240VAC~
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
AT-StackXG
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
High Speed Stacking Cables
Model Number AT-StackXG/0.5
(0.5 meters) as supplied or
Model Number AT-StackXG/1
(1.0 meter)
STACK PORT 2
STACK PORT 1
RPS
READY
POWER SUPPLY
High Speed Stacking Cables
Model Number AT-StackXG/0.5
(0.5 metres)
100-240VAC~
STACKING
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
AT-StackXG
RPS INPUT
STACK PORT 1
12V/21A MAX
STACK PORT 2
RPS
READY
100-240VAC~
POWER SUPPLY
High Speed Stacking Cables
Model Number AT-StackXG/0.5
(0.5 metres)
WARNING
This unit may have more than one power input. To reduce the risk of
electric shock, disconnect both A/C and RPS inputs before servicing
unit.
RPS INPUT
12V/21A MAX
STACKING
AT-StackXG
STACK PORT 1
STACK PORT 2
RPS
READY
Figure 34. VCStack Ring Topology Using x610 Switches
Resiliency Link
The purpose of the resiliency link is to provide the stack members with
status information that enables them to detect whether the stack master is
still operational after it has suffered either a power-down or software
lock-up. This enables the other stack members to always re-elect a new
stack master safely, and to avoid a situation where there are two isolated
masters both running the same configuration
A resiliency link operates using a designated VLAN running over switch
port connections between each stack member.
For more information about the stack resiliency link refer to the Stacking
Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
62
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Resiliency Link
Configurations
via Switch Ports
Two resiliency-link configurations that connect to switch ports are shown
below. Figure 35 shows the resiliency link connecting in a ring topology,
whilst Figure 36 shows the resiliency link connecting to its switch ports via
a network hub. In both configurations, the resiliency link connections are
made using the ResiliencyLink VLAN and attaching the switch ports to the
VLAN.
For more information about the stack resiliency link refer to the Stacking
Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
Stack Resiliency Link - Connecting to Switch Ports
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
Stacking Links
ResiliencyLink VLAN
Figure 35. Resiliency link Connecting to Switch Ports Over the
ResiliencyLink VLAN
Network Hub
Resiliency Links
to Switch Ports
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts
Stacking Links
Figure 36. Resiliency link Connecting to sWitch Ports Over the
ResiliencyLink VLAN Using a Network Hub
63
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
Stack Formation
A VCStack always contains a master plus a number of stack members. To
be part of a stack, a switch must connect to other potential stack members
via dedicated stacking ports on the VCStack stacking module located in
the rear of the switch.
Once the switches have been physically connected to form a stack,
powering all the members on automatically sets off a number of processes
that enable the stack members to detect the presence of the other stack
members and form themselves into a VCStack.
The Role of the
Stack Master
In addition to being a member of its VCStack, the stack master manages
functions such as software version control and distribution, routing
processing, and network management.
Selecting the Stack Master
The stack members are able to automatically select which switch will
become the stack master. This selection is based on two components:
1. The stack member’s priority setting.
2. The stack member’s MAC address.
The master is the switch with the lowest ‘priority setting’, or if no ‘priority
settings’ are configured, the switch with the lowest MAC address will
become the stack master. When a stack member is initially booted, its
priority value defaults to 128. Therefore if all switches retain their defaults,
then the stack master will be determined by MAC address comparison.
The stack also assigns a Stack Member-ID number to each member. This
number provides a unique reference number for switches within the stack;
it plays no part in selecting the stack master. The Stack Member-ID is the
entity used as the first digit of the three component port identifier numbers.
For example, port number 2.0.14 has the Stack Member-ID of 2.
Note
Modify your configuration scripts to match any changes you have
made to the Stack Member-ID assignments.
64
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Note
New switches are shipped with a Stack Member-ID of 1 and a
priority of 128. If four such switches are created as a stack, the
switch with the lowest MAC address will be selected to be the stack
master (because all priority settings are 128). The remaining three
stack member devices will then reboot and automatically be
assigned ID values of between 2 and 4. The stack master does not
reboot and retains its Stack Member-ID of 1.
For more information about the stack master refer to the Stacking
Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
Common Stack Configuration
Once the switches have configured themselves into a VCStack, they all
share the same configuration information and startup scripts.
Stack Management VLAN
Managing the stack is the same as managing an individual switch. You
can connect to the asynchronous console port of any stack member, or
you can set an IP address on a network VLAN (for example, VLAN 1) and
use SSH or Telnet for remote access.
As the switches form themselves into a stack, each switch creates a
common stack management VLAN and a management IP address. Both
the VLAN ID and the IP address are internal entities that are used between
the stacked switches, via the VCStack stacking module interfaces, and
therefore do not appear on the user network.
Initially the stack assigns the default VLAN tag ID of 4094 to the
management VLAN, and assigns an IP address from the subnet
192.168.255.0 / 28 to this VLAN as the management IP address. Once the
stack has formed, you can change both these settings.
For more information about stack management refer to the Stacking
Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
65
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
Stack Member Identification
When a switch becomes a member of a VCStack it is assigned a Stack
Member-ID. Stack status information is displayed on the STACK and
STATUS LEDs on the switch’s front panel, shown in Figure 37.
STACK
MSTR
L/A
1
L/A
2
PRES
STATUS
FAULT
MASTER
RPS
PWR
Figure 37. STACK and STATUS LEDs
The LEDs that indicate the switch’s status within the stack are shown in
Table 16.
Table 16. STACK LED Descriptions
LED
MSTR
L/A 1
66
State
Description
Off
The switch is not part of a stack or is a member
unit of the stack.
Solid
Green
The switch is the master unit of the stack.
Off
Stack Port 1 has not established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Solid
Green
Stack Port 1 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Flashing
Green
Stack Port 1 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module and is sending or receiving packet
traffic.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Table 16. STACK LED Descriptions (Continued)
LED
L/A 2
PRES
MASTER
Connecting
switches into a
stack
State
Description
Off
Stack Port 2 has not established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Solid
Green
Stack Port 2 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module.
Flashing
Green
Stack Port 2 has established a link to a
stacking port on another VCStack stacking
module and is sending or receiving packet
traffic.
Off
The expansion slot for the VCStack stacking
module is empty.
Solid
Green
A VCStack stacking module is installed in the
switch.
Off
Indicates that the switch is not the Stack
Master.
Flashing
Green
Indicates the specific stack member’s ID of the
switch in response to the ‘show stack indicator’
command. The LED will repeatedly flash ‘n’
times in quick succession, followed by a longer
pause, where n is the stack member's ID.
Solid
Green
Indicates that the switch is the STACK Master.
The proprietary high-speed communication protocol that is used over the
stacking links requires multiple twisted pairs and a high level of shielding.
This means that to stack x610 switches, specialized cables and
connections are required.
VCStack Stacking Modules, Cables, and Connections
The stacks are connected via the stacking ports on the VCStack stacking
modules, which are installed in the back of each switch. There are two
VCStack stacking modules available:

The AT-StackXG, which has two full-duplex, 12 Gbps stacking ports

The AT-x6EM/XS2, which has two 10 Gbps SFP+ stacking slots
The following cables are used to connect the stacking ports when using
67
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
the AT-StackXG stacking module:

High Speed Stacking Cables (0.5 meter) - StackXG/0.5

High Speed Stacking Cables (1.0 meter) - StackXG/1
The specifications for SFP+ transceivers able to be installed in the
AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module can be found on our Allied Telesis web
site at www.alliedtelesis.com.
VCStack restrictions
There are some restrictions to what products and connections you can
combine in a single stack. In general, different switch families cannot be
stacked together and you cannot combine different stacking methods or
cables.
x610 Series switches can stack with other x610 switches and with x600
switches, as described in ”Mixed-mode VCStack (stacking x610 switches
with x600 switches)” below.
The maximum stack size is:

8, when stacking x610 Series switches

4, when stacking 600 Series with x610 Series switches

4, when stacking x600 Series switches
Mixed-mode VCStack (stacking x610 switches with x600 switches)
The x600 and x610 switches support a feature called mixed-mode
stacking. This feature allows x600 and x610 units to be stacked together
to form a single stack. Note that if a x610 switch is to be part of
mixed-mode VCStack then an AT-StackXG must be installed in the switch.
In a mixed-mode VCStack, for stack compatibility the x610 Series
switches operate as x600 Series switches, not as x610 Series switches. If
you stack x610 Series switches with x600 Series switches, note the
following restrictions:
68

Synchronization disabled. When mixed-mode stacking is enabled the
VCStack software auto synchronization feature is disabled because
the x600 and x610 run different software releases. When mixed-mode
stacking is disabled then the software synchronization feature is
re-enabled. For more information about VCStack software auto
synchronization refer to the Stacking Introduction and Stacking
Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus Operating System
Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.

Software upgrades. Because software releases are not synchronized
in a mixed-mode stack, the preferred release file must be manually
copied to each stack member and set individually. The simplest way to
do this is to 'remote-login' to each stack member and then enter the
‘boot system’ command.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Steps to set up a
VCStack
There are no set rules regarding the order in which stack configuration
tasks need to be carried out. However, these steps provide a guideline to
help ensure that the stack creation process goes smoothly.
1. Prepare the switches
Before connecting any of the switches together ensure that all switches
have the same feature licences installed. If you have purchased feature
licences to enable certain features to operate on the stack, then all stack
members need to have the licences installed. If some stack members have
feature licences installed for features that will not be used on the stack,
and other switches do not have those licences installed, remove those
unnecessary licences.
2. Install and power the stack master
Install and power up the master switch. It will detect that there are no other
members in the stack, so it will elect itself master.
3. Install and power the backup member
Install the next switch, connecting the stacking cable from that switch to
the master.
Note
Make sure the stacking cables are crossed over between the stack
members. This means that stack port 1 on switch 1 should connect
to stack port 2 on switch 2. If this is not done, the stack links will not
come up and the stack will not form.
Power up the switch. It will detect that there is already an active master,
and so will come up as a backup member. The active master will assign it
the first available stack ID.
The active master will check that the new stack member has the same
software version as itself. If the software versions are different, the active
master will use the software auto-synchronization mechanism to force the
new stack member to run the same software version.
4. Install and power the next backup member
Repeat step 3 for each of the other switches in the stack, remembering to
connect port 2 of each new switch to port 1 of its neighbor. For last switch
added to the stack, connect port 1 of this switch to port 2 of the first
installed switch.
5. Confirm that the stack is operating
Check that the stack links have all come up successfully. This can be done
by checking the LEDs on the switches. The port LEDs for all stack
69
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
members should be green. Port LEDs that are off or flashing amber
indicate that the stack is not operating correctly. The master or status LED
will be green on the switch that is the stack master.
6. Configure the stack as one switch
You are now ready to configure the stack with channel groups, VLANs, IP
addresses, and so on.
Once you are happy with the stack configuration, make a backup copy of
the configuration file.
70
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Steps to replace a
stack member
If you need to replace a stack member, use the following steps to achieve
a smooth transition.
1. Configure the Stack ID on the replacement switch
Prepare the replacement switch by configuring it with the same stack ID as
the switch that you are replacing.
2. Configure the feature licenses
Ensure that the replacement switch is configured with the same set of
feature licenses as the existing stack members.
3. Remove the failed switch
Unplug the failed switch from the stack.
4. Install the replacement switch
Connect the stacking cables to the replacement switch and power up the
switch. It will detect that there is already an active master, and so will
come up as a stack member.
The active master will check that the new stack member has the same
software version as itself. If the software versions are different, the active
master will use the software auto-synchronization mechanism to force the
new stack member to run the same software version.
Note that if the software releases differ between the stack members
significantly, then the stack master may not be able to upgrade the new
switch automatically. If this happens, you should see a log message
indicating incompatible stack software versions, in which case you will
have to manually upgrade the new switch to the correct release.
The new switch will also receive the startup configuration from the active
master. As the replacement switch has been configured with the same
stack ID as the replaced switch, it will receive exactly the same
configuration as the replaced switch, and will operate exactly as that
switch had.
Provisioning
Provisioning provides the ability to pre-configure ports that are not yet
present in a switch or in a stack.
Similarly, if you know that a switch is going to be added to a stack, you can
pre-configure the new switch in anticipation of its addition to the stack.
With provisioning, you can configure stack members and their ports even
though they are not currently physically present, and configure them ready
for future addition. This means that you can either pre-configure ports
belonging to a bay or switch that has not yet been installed, or load a
configuration that references these ports.
It is possible to provision both x610 Series switches and x600 Series
71
Chapter 2: Virtual Chassis Stacking
switches in a stack. This is possible even if mixed-mode stacking is
disabled on x610 Series switches.
For more information about stacking provisioning refer to the Stacking
Introduction and Stacking Commands chapters in the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software Reference from www.alliedtelesis.com.
72
Chapter 3
Installing the Hardware
This chapter provides procedures to install a x610 switch. The chapter
contains the following sections:

“Reviewing Safety Precautions” on page 74

“Unpacking a Switch” on page 77

“Installing the Power Cord Retaining Clip” on page 78

“Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack” on page 79

“Power Supply Module Installation” on page 81

“VCStack Stacking Module Installation” on page 88
73
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
Reviewing Safety Precautions
Please review the following safety precautions before you begin to install
the switches or any of their components.
Note
The  indicates that a translation of the safety statement is
available in a PDF document “Translated Safety Statements” posted
on the Allied Telesis website at www.alliedtelesis.com.
Warning: Class 1 Laser product.  L1
Warning: Do not stare into the laser beam.  L2
Warning: To prevent electric shock, do not remove the cover. No
user-serviceable parts inside. This unit contains hazardous
voltages and should only be opened by a trained and qualified
technician. To avoid the possibility of electric shock, disconnect
electric power to the product before connecting or disconnecting
the LAN cables.  E1
Warning: Do not work on equipment or cables during periods of
lightning activity.  E2
Warning: Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To deenergize equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
Warning: Class I Equipment. This equipment must be earthed.
The power plug must be connected to a properly wired earth
ground socket outlet. An improperly wired socket outlet could
place hazardous voltages on accessible metal parts.  E4
Pluggable Equipment. The socket outlet shall be installed near
the equipment and shall be easily accessible.  E5
Caution: Air vents must not be blocked and must have free
access to the room ambient air for cooling.  E6
Warning: Operating Temperature. This product is designed for a
maximum ambient temperature of 40° degrees C.  E7
74
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
All Countries: Install product in accordance with local and
National Electrical Codes.  E8
Circuit Overloading: Consideration should be given to the
connection of the equipment to the supply circuit and the effect
that overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection
and supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment
nameplate ratings should be used when addressing this
concern.  E21
Caution: Risk of explosion if battery is replaced by an incorrect
type. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Attention: Le remplacement de la batterie par une batterie de
type incorrect peut provoquer un danger d’explosion. La
remplacer uniquement par une batterie du même type ou de
type équivalent recommandée par le constructeur. Les batteries
doivent être éliminées conformément aux instructions du
constructeur.  E22
Warning: Mounting of the equipment in the rack should be such
that a hazardous condition is not created due to uneven
mechanical loading.  E25
Warning: This unit might have more than one power cord. To
reduce the risk of electric shock, disconnect all power cords
before servicing the unit.  E30
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the operating
ambient temperature of the rack environment may be greater
than the room ambient temperature. Therefore, consideration
should be given to installing the equipment in an environment
compatible with the manufacturer’s maximum rated ambient
temperature (Tmra).  E35
Caution: Installation of the equipment in a rack should be such
that the amount of air flow required for safe operation of the
equipment is not compromised.  E36
Warning: Reliable earthing of rack-mounted equipment should
be maintained. Particular attention should be given to supply
connections other than direct connections to the branch circuits
(e.g., use of power strips).  E37
75
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
Warning: To reduce the risk of electric shock, the PoE ports on
this product must not connect to cabling that is routed outside
the building where this device is located.  E40
Caution: The unit does not contain field serviceable
components. Please return damaged units for servicing.  E42
Caution: The Ethernet PoE ports are only intended for
installation in Environment A as defined in IEEE 802.3af. All
interconnected equipment must be contained in the same
building including the interconnected equipment’s associated
LAN connections.
76
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Unpacking a Switch
To unpack a switch, perform the following procedure:
1. Remove all components from the shipping packages.
Note
Store the packaging material in a safe location. You must use the
original shipping material if you need to return the unit to Allied
Telesis.
2. Place the switch on a level, secure surface.
3. For a non-PoE switch, make sure the following components are
included in your switch package. If any item is missing or damaged,
contact your Allied Telesis sales representative for assistance.

One non-PoE x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switch

Two rack-mount brackets

Twelve flathead Phillips rack-mount bracket screws

Four regional AC power cords (Americas, Australia, EU, Japan,
and UK only)

One AC power cord retaining clip

One management cable for local management
4. For a PoE switch, make sure the following components are included in
your switch package. If any item is missing or damaged, contact your
Allied Telesis sales representative for assistance.

One PoE x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switch

Two rack-mount brackets

Twelve flathead Phillips rack-mount bracket screws

One management cable for local management
77
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
Installing the Power Cord Retaining Clip
This section applies to the fixed power supplies installed in the x610-24Ts,
x610-24Ts/X, x610-48Ts, and x610-48Ts/X switches and to the
AT-PWR250 and AT-PWR800 power supply modules.
Note
The AT-PWR1200 power supply does not have a retaining clip.
Perform the following procedure to install the power cord retaining clip on
the switches:
1. Locate the power cord retaining clip, shown in Figure 38.
Figure 38. Power Cord Retaining Clip
2. Install the clip on the AC power connector on the rear panel of the
switch. With the ‘u’ of the clip facing down, press the sides of the clip
toward the center and insert the short ends into the holes in the
retaining bracket, as shown in Figure 39.
100-2
40VA
C~
Figure 39. Inserting the Retaining Clip into the Retaining Bracket
You are now ready to install the switches in the equipment rack, as
explained in the next procedure.
78
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Installing the Switches in an Equipment Rack
Perform the following procedure to install each switch in a standard
19-inch rack:
Note
Steps 1, 2, and 3 are optional. These steps provide instructions on
how to remove the snap-on plastic feet from the bottom of a switch.
You can leave the feet on.
1. Place the switch upside down on a level, secure surface.
2. Using a flat-head screwdriver, remove the snap-on plastic feet from the
bottom of the switch, as shown in Figure 40.
Figure 40. Removing the Feet
3. Turn the switch over.
4. Attach a rack-mount bracket to one side of the switch using six of the
screws that come with the switch and then install the second
rack-mount bracket on the other side of the switch with the six
remaining screws, as shown in Figure 41.
79
x610-24Ts-POE+
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
2
19
4
21R
6
23R
21
8
SFP
10
23
12
14
16
READY
18
BUSY
SD
20
FAULT
22R
24R
CLASS
LASER
1
PRODUCT
22
1000
STACK
MSTR
/ 100
24
L/A
L/A
PRES
CONS
OLE
1
2
STATU
S
FAULT
MASTE
R
RPS
PWR
2075
Figure 41. Attaching Rack-Mount Brackets
x610-24Ts-POE+
5. Mount the switch in a 19-inch rack using standard screws (not
provided), as shown in Figure 42.
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17
2
19
4
21R
6
23R
21
8
SFP
10
23
12
14
16
READY
18
BUSY
SD
20
FAULT
22R
24R
CLASS
LASER
1
PRODUCT
22
1000
STACK
MSTR
/ 100
24
L/A
L/A
PRES
CONS
OLE
1
2
STATU
S
FAULT
MASTE
R
RPS
PWR
2076
Figure 42. Mounting the Switch in a Rack
80
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Power Supply Module Installation
AT-PWR250
The x610-24Ts-POE+, x610-24Ts/X-POE+, x610-48Ts-POE+ and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switches are supplied with a factory installed blank
panel on the power supply slot. Either an AC or DC version of the 250W
(AT-PWR250) power supply shown in Figure 43 and Figure 44, 800W
(AT-PWR800) power supply, shown in Figure 45 on page 81, or a 1200W
(AT-PWR1200) power supply, shown in Figure 46 on page 82, can be
installed in these switches. The installation procedure is identical for each
type of power supply.
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 5A MAX
2196
40-60VDC
6A
OUTPUT POWER
FAULT
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
AT-PWR250
Figure 43. AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply
2197
Figure 44. AT-PWR250 DC Power Supply
AT-PWR800
Overview
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 12A MAX
Figure 45. AT-PWR800 Power Supply
81
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
AT-PWR1200
DC PWR
FAULT
100-240VAC~ 16A MAX
2267
Figure 46. AT-PWR1200 Power Supply
Installing a
VCStack
Stacking Module
To install a power supply into a POE chassis, perform the following
procedure:
1. Remove the module from the shipping package.
Note
Store the packaging material in a safe location. You must use the
original shipping material if you need to return the unit to Allied
Telesis.
2. Remove the blank panel from the power supply slot on the rear panel
of the switch by loosening the two captive screws on the panel with a
cross-head screwdriver, as shown in Figure 47.
Note
The x610-24Ts-POE+, x610-24Ts/X-POE+, x610-48Ts-POE+ and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ switch chassis are shipped from the factory with
a blank panel installed in the rear panel power supply slot.
AT-LX
4
4CPU
POWER SUPPLY
CVR
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, di more
sconne
RPS
I
56V/18
A MAX
2330
Figure 47. Removing the Blank Panel from the Power Supply Slot
82
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
3. Align the edges of power supply module with the guides in the slot and
carefully slide the module into the chassis until it is flush with the rear
panel of the chassis, as shown in Figure 48 through Figure 51. Light
pressure may be needed to seat the module on the connector on the
rear panel of the chassis.
POWER SUPPLY
Caution
Do not force the power supply module into place. Doing so may
damage the connector pins on the backplane inside the chassis. If
there is resistance, remove the module and reinsert it after verifying
that the edges of the card are properly aligned in the guides in the
chassis’ module slot.
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, dis more
conne
RPS
I
56V/1
8A MA
X
AT-PWR250
2260
100-24
0VAC~
5A
MAX
DC PW
FAUL R
T
Figure 48. Installing the AT-PWR250 AC Power Supply Module
83
POWER SUPPLY
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, dis more
conne
RPS
56V/1
8A
I
MAX
40-60
VD
C
6A
OUTP
UT
FAUL POWER
T
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
AT-PWR250
2268
POWER SUPPLY
Figure 49. Installing the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, dis more
conne
RPS
56V/1
8A
I
MAX
AT-PWR8000
2261
100-24
0VAC~
12A
MAX
DC PW
FAULT R
Figure 50. Installing the AT-PWR800 Power Supply Module
84
POWER SUPPLY
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, dis more
conne
RPS
I
56V/1
8A MA
X
AT-PWR1200
2262
100-24
0VAC~
16A
MAX
DC PW
FAUL R
T
Figure 51. Installing the AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Module
100-24
0VAC
~ 5A
MAX
DC PW
FAULT R
POWER SUPPLY
AT-PWR250
4. Secure the power supply module to the chassis by tightening the two
captive screws with a cross-head screwdriver, as shown in Figure 61
and Figure 62.
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, di more
sconne
RPS
I
56V/1
2263
8A M
AX
Figure 52. Securing the AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module
85
40-60V
DC
6A
OUTP
U
FAULT T POWER
POWER SUPPLY
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
AT-PWR250
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, di more
sconne
RPS
56V/1
2269
I
8A M
AX
100-24
0VAC
~ 12A
MAX
DC PW
FAULT R
POWER SUPPLY
AT-PWR8000
Figure 53. Securing the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, di more
sconne
RPS
I
56V/1
8A M
AX
2264
Figure 54. Securing the AT-PWR800 Power Supply Module
86
100-24
0VAC
~
16A
MAX
POWER SUPPLY
AT-PWR1200
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
DC PW
FAULT R
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
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2265
Figure 55. Securing the AT-PWR1200 Power Supply Module
5. If you are installing an AT-PWR250, AT-PWR800, or AT-PWR1200
power supply module, see “AC Power Connection to a Power Supply
Module” on page 107 for the power cord installation.
6. If you are installing a DC AT-PWR250 power supply module, see to
“Power Wiring to a DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module” on
page 103 for the DC power wiring installation.
87
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
VCStack Stacking Module Installation
Overview
When you are preparing the x610 switches for a VCStack configuration, a
VCStack stacking module must be installed in the expansion slot on the
rear panel of the unit. Two VCStack stacking modules are available:

The AT-StackXG, shown in Figure 56, has two full-duplex, 12 Gbps
stacking ports.

The AT-x6EM/XS2, shown in Figure 57, has two 10 Gbps SFP+
stacking slots.
AATT-L-S
X4ta4cC
kPXUG
CVR
Stack
Port
1
Stack
Port
2
1240
Figure 56. AT-StackXG Stacking Module
A
AT-LT-Xx446CPUCVR
EM/X
S2
1
L/A
10G LI
NK
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PROD
UCT
2
L/A
SFP+
POW
2216
Figure 57. AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module
Note that if the x610 switch is to be part of mixed-mode VCStack an
88
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
AT-StackXG must be installed.
Preparation
Review the following information before installing a VCStack stacking
module:

The AT-StackXG and AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking modules are hardware
hot-swappable. You can install or replace a module while the switch is
powered on.
Caution
If the stacking module is added or replaced in an operating stack,
the stack topology may change and cause the stack to reboot and
interrupt network traffic.

The AT-StackXG and AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking modules are supported
in all x610 series products.
Note
Do not install an AT-StackXG or AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module
until you have read the latest version of the AlliedWare Plus Release
Notes and the x610 Series product documentation.
Installing a
VCStack
Stacking Module
To install an AT-StackXG or AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module, perform the
following procedure:
1. Remove the module from the shipping package.
Note
Store the packaging material in a safe location. You must use the
original shipping material if you need to return the unit to Allied
Telesis.
2. Remove the blank panel or AT-LBM module from the expansion slot
on the rear panel of the switch by loosening the two captive screws on
the panel with a cross-head screwdriver, as shown in Figure 58.
89
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
risk of
rvicin
g
STAC
KING
RPS
READ
Y
AT-LX4
4C
PUCV
R
Figure 58. Removing the Blank Panel from the Expansion Slot
Note
All x610 Series Layer 3 Switch models, except the x610-48Ts/X and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+, are shipped from the factory with a blank panel
installed in the rear panel expansion slot. The x610-48Ts/X and
x610-48Ts/X-POE+ are shipped from the factory with an AT-LBM
module installed.
Note
Do not remove the blank panel from the chassis until you are ready
to install a module. An open slot allows dust to enter the unit and
reduces proper airflow and cooling.
3. Align the edges of either the AT-StackXG or AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking
module with the guides in the slot and carefully slide the module into
the chassis until it is flush with the rear panel of the chassis, as shown
in Figure 59 and Figure 60. Light pressure may be needed to seat the
module on the connector on the rear panel of the chassis.
Caution
Do not force the VCStack stacking module into place. Doing so may
damage the connector pins on the backplane inside the chassis. If
there is resistance, remove the module and reinsert it after verifying
that the edges of the card are properly aligned in the guides in the
chassis’ module slot.
90
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
risk of
rvicin
g
STAC
RPS
READY
KING
AT
AT-L-S
X4ta4C
ckPU
XG
CVR
Stack
Port
1
Stack
Port
2
Figure 59. Installing the AT-StackXG Stacking Module
risk of
rvicin
g
STAC
RPS
READY
KING
AT
X44C
A-LT-x
6PUECVMR
/XS2
1
L/A
10G
LINK
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
2
L/A
SFP+
POW
Figure 60. Installing the AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module
4. Secure either the AT-StackXG or AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module to
the chassis by tightening the two captive screws with a cross-head
screwdriver, as shown in Figure 61 and Figure 62.
91
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
risk of
rvicin
g
AT
AT-L-S
X4ta4C
ckPU
XG
CVR
STAC
KING
RPS
READ
Y
Stack
Port
1
Stack
Port
2
Figure 61. Securing the AT-StackXG Stacking Module
risk of
rvicin
g
AT
RPS
READ
Y
X44C
A-LT-x
6PUECVMR/X
S2
STAC
KING
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
2
L/A
SFP+
POW
Figure 62. Securing the AT-x6EM/XS2 Stacking Module
Note
Do not cable the AT-StackXG or AT-x6EM/XS2 stacking module
until you have prepared the switch’s Alliedware Plus Operating
System software as explained in the AlliedWare Plus Operating
System Software Reference Guide.
92
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Cabling an
AT-StackXG
Stacking Module
1. Remove the plastic protector from the connector at one end of the
stacking cable.
1244
Figure 63. Removing the Plastic Protector
2. Connect the cable to either Stack Port 1 or Stack Port 2 on the
stacking module and secure by tightening the two captive
thumbscrews.
3. Remove the plastic protector from the connector at the other end of the
stacking cable and connect it to a Stack Port on the stacking module in
the next switch of the stack. A stacking cable must crossover and
connect to a different port on the next stacking module. Stack Port 1 on
a module must connect to Stack Port 2 on the next module.
Caution
Do not connect two stack Port 1 ports or stack Port 2 ports together.
93
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
Cabling an
AT-x6EM/XS2
Stacking Module
1. Remove the dust plug from a transceiver slot on the switch, as shown
in Figure 64.
risk of
rvicin
g
RPS
READ
Y
A
AT-L
T-x
X44C
6PUECVM
/XS2
STAC
R
KING
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
SFP+
2
L/A
SFP+
POWER
Figure 64. Removing a Dust Plug from a SFP+ Slot
2. Remove the transceiver from its shipping container and store the
packaging material in a safe location.
3. Position the transceiver with the label facing up.
4. Slide the transceiver into the slot until it clicks into place, as shown in
Figure 65.
risk of
rvicin
g
RPS
READ
Y
A
AT-L
T-x
X44C
6PUECVM
/XS2
STAC
KING
R
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
2
L/A
SFP+
POWER
Figure 65. Installing an SFP+ Transceiver
94
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
5. Verify that the handle on the SFP+ transceiver is in the upright
position, as shown in Figure 66, to prevent inadvertently removing the
transceiver.
risk of
rvicin
g
RPS
READ
Y
A
AT-L
T-x
X44C
6PUECVM
/XS2
STAC
KING
R
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
SFP+
2
L/A
SFP+
POWER
Figure 66. Positioning the SFP+ Transceiver Locking Handle
6. Remove the dust plug from the SFP+ transceiver, as shown in
Figure 67.
risk of
rvicin
g
RPS
READ
Y
A
AT-L
T-x
X44C
6PUECVM
/XS2
STAC
KING
R
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
2
L/A
SFP+
POWER
Figure 67. Removing the Dust Plug from an SFP+ Transceiver
7. Connect a cable to the SFP+ transceiver, as shown in Figure 68. For
SFP+ optical and cabling specifications, consult the documentation
shipped with the module.
95
Chapter 3: Installing the Hardware
risk of
rvicin
g
RPS
READ
Y
A
AT-L
T-x
X44C
6PUECVM
/XS2
STAC
KING
R
1
L/A
10G LIN
K
ACT
L/A
SFP+
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
2
L/A
SFP+
POWER
Figure 68. Connecting a Fiber Optic Cable to the SFP+ Transceiver
8. Connect the other end of the stacking cable to a Stack Port on the
stacking module in the next switch of the stack. A stacking cable must
crossover and connect to a different port on the next stacking module.
Stack Port 1 on a module must connect to Stack Port 2 on the next
module.
Caution
Do not connect two stack Port 1 ports or stack Port 2 ports together.
96
Chapter 4
Cabling the Network Ports
This chapter contains the instructions for attaching network cables to an
x610 switch. The chapter contains the following sections:

“Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Specifications” on page 98

“Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers” on page 100

“Cabling the 10/100/1000Base-T and Fiber Optic Ports” on page 102

“Power Wiring to a DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module” on
page 103

“AC Power Connection to a Power Supply Module” on page 107

“Warranty Registration” on page 110
97
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
Twisted Pair and Fiber Optic Specifications
Twisted Pair
Cable
Specifications
Table 17 lists the cabling specifications for the 10/100/1000Base-T twisted
pair ports.
Table 17. Twisted Pair Cabling and Distances
Speed
Cable Type
Maximum
Operating
Distance
10 Mbps
Standard TIA/EIA 568-B-compliant
Category 3 or better shielded or
unshielded cabling with 100 ohm
impedance and have a frequency
range that extends to 16 MHz.
100 Mbps
Standard TIA/EIA 568-A-compliant
100 m (328 ft)
Category 5 or TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Enhanced Category 5 (Cat
5e) shielded or unshielded cabling
with 100 ohm impedance and have a
frequency range that extends to 100
MHz.
1000 Mbps
Standard TIA/EIA 568-A-compliant
100 m (328 ft)
Category 5 or TIA/EIA 568-Bcompliant Enhanced Category 5 (Cat
5e) shielded or unshielded cabling
with 100 ohm impedance and have a
frequency range that extends to 100
MHz.
100 m (328 ft)
Note
The auto-MDI/MDI-X feature on the 10/100/1000Base-T ports
automatically configures the MDI/MDI-X setting when a link is
established with an end node. Available when a port is at the default
setting of Auto-Negotiation, this feature allows you to use a straightthrough twisted pair cable when connecting any type of network
device to a port.
Disabling Auto-Negotiation on a port and setting the speed and
duplex mode manually also disables the auto-MDI/MDI-X feature. A
port where Auto-Negotiation has been disabled defaults to MDI-X.
Disabling Auto-Negotiation may require manually configuring a
port’s MDI/MDI-X setting or using a crossover cable.
98
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
SFP and SFP+
Transceiver
Specifications
The specifications for optional SFP and SFP+ transceivers can be found
on our Allied Telesis web site at www.alliedtelesis.com.
99
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
Installing SFP and SFP+ Transceivers
Review the following guidelines before installing an optional SFP or SFP+
transceiver in a switch:

A transceiver can be hot-swapped; the switch can be powered on
when you install it. However, you should always disconnect the cables
first before removing a transceiver.

You must install the transceiver before you connect the cables to it.

Fiber optic transceivers are dust sensitive. When a fiber optic cable is
not installed, or when you store the transceiver, always keep the plug
in the optical bores. When you do remove the plug, keep it for future
use.

Unnecessary removal and insertion of a transceiver can lead to
premature failure.
Warning
A transceiver can be damaged by static electricity. Be sure to
observe all standard electrostatic discharge (ESD) precautions,
such as wearing an antistatic wrist strap, to avoid damaging the
device.
The procedure to install SFP and SFP+ transceivers is the same. The
following instructions describe how to install an SFP transceiver in an
x610 switch:
1. Remove the dust plug from a transceiver slot on the switch, as shown
in Figure 69.
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
23
16
READ
Y
18
BUSY
SD
20
FAUL
T
22R
24R
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
22
1000
/ 100
STAC
K
MSTR
24
L/A
L/A
CONS
PRES
OLE
1
2
STAT
US
FAULT
MAST
ER
RPS
PWR
2081
Figure 69. Removing a Dust Plug from a SFP Slot
100
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
2. Remove the transceiver from its shipping container and store the
packaging material in a safe location.
3. Position the transceiver with the label facing up if installing in a top slot
and with the label facing down if installing in a bottom slot.
4. Slide the transceiver into the slot until it clicks into place, as shown in
Figure 70.
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
23
16
READ
Y
18
BUSY
SD
20
FAUL
T
22R
24R
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
22
1000
/ 100
STAC
K
MSTR
24
L/A
L/A
PRES
CONS
OLE
1
2
STAT
US
FAULT
MAST
ER
RPS
PWR
2082
Figure 70. Installing a Transceiver
5. Repeat this procedure to install additional SFP or SFP+ transceivers or
go to “Cabling the 10/100/1000Base-T and Fiber Optic Ports” on
page 102.
For SFP optical and cabling specifications, consult the documentation
shipped with the module.
101
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
Cabling the 10/100/1000Base-T and Fiber Optic Ports
Observe the following guidelines when connecting a twisted pair or fiber
optic cable to a port on the switch:

The connector on the cable should fit snugly into the port on the
switch. The tab on the connector should lock the connector into place.

Because the 10/100/1000Base-T ports on the switch are auto-MDI/
MDI-X, any type of network device can be connected to a port on the
switch using a straight-through twisted pair cable. If you disable
Auto-Negotiation on the port, the port defaults to MDI-X.

If your network topology contains a loop where two or more network
devices can communicate with each other over more than one network
path, make sure that your switch is properly configured with the
appropriate protocol(s); i.e., STP, ESPR, LACP, etc. Data loops without
these protocols enabled can adversely affect network performance.

In order for a switch port to successfully Auto-Negotiate its duplex
mode with an end node, the end node should also be using AutoNegotiation. Otherwise, a duplex mode mismatch can occur. A switch
port using Auto-Negotiation defaults to half-duplex if it detects that the
end node is not using Auto-Negotiation. This can result in a mismatch
if the end node is operating at a fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.
To avoid this problem, disable Auto-Negotiation on a switch port and
set the port’s speed and duplex mode manually if the end node has a
fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.
102
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Power Wiring to a DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module
To power on a switch with a DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply Module,
perform the following procedure:
Warning
As a safety precaution, install a circuit breaker with a minimum value
of 15 Amps between the equipment and the DC power source.
 E9
Warning
Always connect the wires to the LAN equipment first before you
connect the wires to the circuit breaker. Do not work with HOT feeds
to avoid the danger of physical injury from electrical shock. Always
be sure that the circuit breaker is in the OFF position before
connecting the wires to the breaker. E9
Warning
For centralized DC power connection, install only in a restricted
access area.  E23
Note
A tray cable is required to connect the power source if the unit is
powered by centralized DC power. The tray cable must be a UL
listed Type TC tray cable and rated at 600 V and 90 degrees C, with
three conductors, minimum 14 AWG.  E24
1. Power off the DC circuit to be used for the chassis.
2. Verify that the On/Off switch on the DC AT-PWR250 Module is in the
Off position.
3. Use the legend above the terminal block to identify the terminals. The
terminals are positive, power supply ground and negative, from left
to right, as shown in Figure 71 on page 104.
103
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
40-60VDC
6A
AT-PWR250
+
DC OUT
FAULT
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
A
ON
OFF
A
2205
+48 VDC Positive
Terminal
Ground -48 VDC Negative
Terminal
Terminal
Figure 71. DC Terminal Block on the DC AT-PWR250 Power Supply
Module
4. With a 14-gauge wire-stripping tool, strip the three wires in the tray
cable coming from the DC input power source to 8mm ± 1mm (0.31 in.,
± 0.039 in.), as shown in Figure 72 on page 104.
Warning
Do not strip more than the recommended amount of wire. Stripping
more than the recommended amount can create a safety hazard by
leaving exposed wire on the terminal block after installation.  E10
8mm ±1mm
(0.31in. ±0.039in.)
Figure 72. Stripped Wire
5. Insert the power supply ground wire into the middle connector of the
DC terminal and tighten the connection with a flathead screwdriver, as
shown in Figure 73 on page 105.
104
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
40-60V
DC
6A
POWER SUPPLY
OUTP
U
FAULT T POWER
FOR CENTRALIZED DC POWER
CONNECTION, INSTALL ONLY IN A
RESTRICTED AREA.
AT-PWR250
Warning
When installing this equipment, always ensure that the power supply
ground connection is installed first and disconnected last.  E11
WARN
IN
This un G
electr it may have
ic
unit. shock, di more
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I
56V/1
2269
8A M
AX
Figure 73. Inserting Wires into a DC Terminal Block
6. Connect the +48 VDC (RTN) feed wire to the terminal block marked
+ (plus).
7. Connect the -48 VDC feed wire to the terminal block marked - (minus).
Warning
Check to see if there are any exposed copper strands coming from
the installed wires. When this installation is done correctly there
should be no exposed copper wire strands extending from the
terminal block. Any exposed wiring can conduct harmful levels of
electricity to persons touching the wires.  E12
8. Secure the tray cable near the rack framework using multiple cable ties
to minimize the chance of the connections being disturbed by casual
contact with the wiring. Use at least four cable ties, separated 100mm
(4 in.) apart. Locate the first one within 150mm (6 in.) of the terminal
block.
Note
This system will work with a positive grounded or negative grounded
DC system.  E13
9. Verify that the circuit breaker is in the Off position.
105
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
10. Connect the supply-cable wires to the circuit breaker.
11. Energize the circuit breaker.
12. Turn the power supply module’s On/Off switch to On.
13. Start a local management session on the unit by performing the
procedure “Starting a Local Management Session” on page 109.
Warning
This unit might have more than one power source. To reduce the
risk of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
106
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
AC Power Connection to a Power Supply Module
To power on a switch with an AC Power Supply Module, perform the
following procedure:
1. Position the power cord retaining clip in the up position, as shown in
Figure 74.
100-2
40VA
C~
Figure 74. Power Cord Retaining Clip in the Up Position
Note
The AT-PWR1200 power supply does not have a retaining clip.
2. Plug the power cord into the AC power connector on the rear panel of
the unit, as shown in Figure 75. Lower the power cord retaining clip to
secure the power cord to the unit.
Warning: Power cord is used as a disconnection device. To deenergize equipment, disconnect the power cord.  E3
100-2
40VA
C~
Figure 75. Connecting the AC Power Cord
107
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
3. Connect the other end of the power cord to an appropriate AC power
outlet. For power specifications for the switch, refer to “Power
Specifications” on page 123.
Note
For countries that require 100-125 VAC installations, the power cord
plug provided with the AT-PWR1200 power supply has a 20 Amp,
125 V NEMA 5-20P plug. This plug is only compatible with a NEMA
5-20R receptacle. See Figure 76.
G
W
1965
Figure 76. 100-125 VAC 125 V NEMA 5-20 Plug and Receptacle
Warning
This unit might have more than one power supply. To reduce the risk
of electric shock, disconnect all power cords before servicing the
unit.  E30
4. Start a local management session on the unit by performing the next
procedure.
108
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Starting a Local
Management
Session
The following procedure describes how to connect an RJ-45 cable to an
x610 switch. For information about how to log onto the AlliedWare Plus
Operating System Software, see the AlliedWare Plus Operating System
Software Reference Guide.
To start a local management session on the unit, perform the following
procedure:
1. Connect the RJ-45 end of the management cable included with the
x610 switch to the Terminal Port on the front panel of the switch, as
shown in Figure 77.
15
17
19
21R
23R
21
SFP
23
16
READ
Y
18
BUSY
SD
20
FAUL
T
22R
24R
CLA
LASER SS 1
PRODUC
T
22
1000
/ 100
STAC
K
MSTR
24
L/A
L/A
CONS
PRES
OLE
1
2
STAT
US
FAULT
MAST
ER
RPS
PWR
2076
Figure 77. Connecting the Management Cable to the RJ-45 Terminal Port
on the Switch
2. Connect the other end of the cable to an RS-232 port on a terminal or
a personal computer with a terminal emulation program.
3. Configure the terminal or terminal emulation program as follows:

Baud rate: Default is 9600 bps (Range is 9600 to 115200 bps)

Data bits: 8

Parity: None

Stop bits: 1

Flow control: None
Note
The port settings are for a DEC VT100 or ANSI terminal, or an
equivalent terminal emulator program.
109
Chapter 4: Cabling the Network Ports
Warranty Registration
For warranty information and registration, go to the Allied Telesis web site
at www.alliedtelesis.com/support/warranty.
110
Chapter 5
Troubleshooting
This chapter contains information about how to troubleshoot a switch in
the event a problem occurs. Sections in the chapter include:

“Power LED is Off” on page 112

“Twisted Pair Port Link LED is Off” on page 113

“SFP or SFP+ LED is Off” on page 114

“Transceiver is Installed but the Status is “Not Present”” on page 115

“System Fault LED is Flashing” on page 116

“Cannot Establish a Local (Out-of-Band) Management Session” on
page 117

“Switch Functions Intermittently” on page 118

“Issues with Virtual Stacking Chassis Configuration” on page 119
Note
If you are unable to resolve the problem after following the
instructions in this chapter, contact Allied Telesis Technical Support
for assistance. Refer to “Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 18 for
contact information.
111
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
Power LED is Off
Check the PWR LED on the front of the switch. If the LED is off, indicating
that the unit is not receiving power, do the following:
112

Make sure the power cord is securely connected to the power source
and to the AC connector on the rear panel of the switch.

Verify that the power outlet has power by connecting another device
to it.

Connect the unit to another power source.

Use a different power cord.

Check that the voltage from the power source is within the required
levels for your region.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Twisted Pair Port Link LED is Off
When a twisted pair port on the switch is connected to a properly operating
end node, the Link LED for the port should be on. If a Link LED is off, do
the following:
Note
A 1000Base-T connection can take from five to ten seconds to
establish a link.

Verify that the end node connected to the port is powered ON and is
operating properly.

Check that the twisted pair cable is securely connected to the port on
the switch and to the port on the end node.

Make sure that the twisted pair cable does not exceed 100m (328 ft).

Verify that you are using the appropriate category of twisted pair cable.
For information, refer to Table 17 on page 98.

Determine if a crossover cable is required. Since the twisted pair ports
feature auto MDI/MDI-X, you should be able to use a straight-through
cable regardless of the type of device you connect to a port. However,
if you disable Auto-Negotiation on a port and set a port’s speed and
duplex mode manually, the port defaults to MDI-X. Disabling AutoNegotiation may require manually configuring a port’s MDI/MDI-X
setting or using a crossover cable.

Make sure that the operating parameters of a port on the switch are
compatible with the end node to which the port is connected. This may
require using the switch’s operating system software.

For a switch port to successfully Auto-Negotiate its duplex mode with
an end node, the end node should also be using Auto-Negotiation.
Otherwise, a duplex mode mismatch can occur. A switch port using
Auto-Negotiation defaults to half-duplex if it detects that the end node
is not using Auto-Negotiation. This can result in a mismatch if the end
node is operating at a fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.
To avoid this problem, disable Auto-Negotiation on a switch port and
set the port’s speed and duplex mode manually if the end node has a
fixed duplex mode of full-duplex.

The switch has a bad cable detection feature that enables it to
determine if a twisted pair cable has a electrical short that might cause
a network loop. If the switch detects a bad cable on a port, it does not
establish a link on that port. In this situation, replace the cable.
113
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
SFP or SFP+ LED is Off
When a fiber optic port on the switch is connected to a properly operating
end node, the Link LED for the port should be on. If a Link LED is off, do
the following:

Verify that the end node connected to the port is powered ON and is
operating properly.

Check that the fiber optic cable is securely connected to the port on
the switch and the port on the end node.

If the fiber optic port is on a SFP or SFP+ transceiver, check that the
transceiver is firmly inserted into the slot on the switch.

Make sure that you are using the appropriate type of fiber optic cable
and that the cable length does not exceed the allowed maximum
distance. For cable specifications for an SFP transceiver, refer to the
installation instructions shipped with the module.

Use a fiber optic tester to test the attenuation on the cable and the
strength of the optical signal. For operating specifications for an SFP
transceiver, refer to the installation instructions shipped with the
module.

Check that the operating specifications (for instance, wavelength and
maximum operating distance) of the fiber optic port on the remote end
node are compatible with the fiber optic port on the switch.

Check that the fiber optic ports on the switch and on the end node are
operating at the same speed and duplex mode.

A fiber optic cable contains two separate fiber strands. One strand is
for receiving data and the other is for transmitting data. When you
connect a fiber optic cable to a port, be sure that the receive fiber
connector is connected to the transmit connector on the remote end
node. In addition, check that the transmit fiber connector is connected
to the receive connector on the remote node.
Note
The L/A LED for an SFP transceiver slot may remain ON if you
remove the transceiver when it has a link to an end node without first
disconnecting the fiber optic cable. The L/A LED will change to OFF
the next time an SFP module is installed in the slot. To avoid this,
always disconnect the fiber optic cable before removing a
transceiver.
114
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Transceiver is Installed but the Status is “Not Present”
If a SFP or SFP+ transceiver is installed in a transceiver slot but the Uplink
Information menu in the AlliedWare Plus Operating System Software
interface displays “Not Present” for that port, do the following:

Verify that the transceiver is completely inserted in the slot on the front
of the switch.
Note
The uplink status does not reflect whether a fiber optic cable is
connected to the transceiver.
115
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
System Fault LED is Flashing
The FAULT LED indicates several different conditions of the switch with
different flash sequences. After sequences of two or more flashes, the
LED stops briefly, then repeats the sequence. If multiple faults occur,
the LED flashes each sequence in turn, stops briefly, then repeats the
sequences. See Table 9, “System STATUS LED Descriptions” on page 43.
If the FAULT LED is flashing, the following conditions can exist:
Two Flashes
Three Flashes
Five Flashes
If the FAULT LED flashes two times, one or more of the fan rotors in the
chassis is operating below the recommended speed. The fan rotors can
be located in either in the chassis or in a pluggable power supply. Contact
Allied Telesis Technical Support for assistance. See “Contacting Allied
Telesis” on page 18.
If the FAULT LED flashes three times, a chassis power supply fault has
occurred and the chassis is powered by AT-RPS3000 Redundant Power
Supply. Contact Allied Telesis Technical Support for assistance. See
“Contacting Allied Telesis” on page 18.
If the FAULT LED flashes five times, the RPS3000 is connected to the
x610 switch, but no RPS power is available to be supplied.

Six Flashes
Verify that the RPS3000 is receiving AC power and operating
properly. Refer to the Troubleshooting chapter in the RPS3000
Installation Guide for more information.
If the FAULT LED flashes five times, stops briefly and then repeats, the
switch’s temperature has exceeded the recommended threshold.

Verify that the ambient air temperature around the x610 chassis is
in the range of 0° C to 40° C (32° F to 104° F).

Verify that the chassis inlet air vents on the front panel and the fa
exhausts on the rear panel are not blocked in a way that is
impeding airflow through the chassis.

Verify that the stacking blank panel is installed on the rear panel if
the stacking module is not installed.
Note
The Fault LED flashing one time or four times is not supported in the
design of the x610 switch.
116
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Cannot Establish a Local (Out-of-Band) Management Session
If you are unable to establish a local (out-of-band) management session
with the switch through the terminal port on the front panel, do the
following:

Check that the RJ-45 serial management cable is securely connected
to the serial terminal port on the switch and to the RS-232 port on the
terminal or personal computer.

Check that the operating parameters on the terminal or the terminal
emulation program have been set correctly. The default settings for the
RJ-45 serial terminal port can be found in “Power Wiring to a DC ATPWR250 Power Supply Module” on page 103.
117
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
Switch Functions Intermittently
If a switch functions intermittently, check the system hardware status
through the management interface:
118

Note the current voltage for the power supply compared to the
optimum rating.

Verify that the system temperature is within the operating range.
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Issues with Virtual Stacking Chassis Configuration
For information on issues with stacking, refer to the Allied Telesis Inc.
website (www.alliedtelesis.com) for the Overview of Virtual Chassis
Stacking (VCS) and the Virtual Chassis Stacking section of the AlliedWare
Plus Operating System Software Reference Guide.
119
Chapter 5: Troubleshooting
120
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
Physical Specifications
Dimensions (H x W x D):
x610-24Ts
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-24Ts/X
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-48Ts
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-48Ts/X
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-24SPs/X
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-24Ts-POE+
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-48Ts-POE+
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
44 mm x 440 mm x 419 mm
(1.72 in. x 17.34 in. x 16.5 in.)
121
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Weight:
x610-24Ts
x610-24Ts/X
x610-48Ts
x610-48Ts/X
x610-24SPs/X
x610-24Ts-POE+
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
x610-48Ts-POE+
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
8.75 kg (19.30 lb)
9.67 kg (21.31 lb)
8.96 kg (19.75 lb)
9.80 kg (21.60 lb)
9.88 kg (21.78 lb)
7.57 kg (16.70 lb)
7.60 kg (16.75 lb)
7.82 kg (17.25 lb)
8.50 kg (18.74 lb)
Recommended Minimum
Ventilation on Front and Back Sides:100 mm (4.0 in)
Environmental Specifications
122
Operating Temperature:
0° C to 40° C (32° F to 104° F)
Storage Temperature:
-20° C to 60° C (-4° F to 140° F)
Operating Humidity:
5% to 80% noncondensing
Storage Humidity:
5% to 95% noncondensing
Maximum Operating Altitude:
3,048 m (10,000 ft)
Maximum Nonoperating Altitude:
4,000 m (13,100 ft)
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
Power Specifications
Table 18. Maximum Power Consumption at Power Supply Output (in Watts)
AT-PWR250AC
AT-PWR250DC
Switch PoE+
Total
AT-PWR800
Switch PoE+
Total
AT-PWR1200
Switch PoE+
Total
x610-24Ts
70 W
-
70 W
70 W
-
70 W
70 W
-
70 W
x610-24Ts/X
75 W
-
75 W
75 W
-
75 W
75 W
-
75 W
x610-48Ts
95 W
-
95 W
95 W
-
95 W
95 W
-
95 W
x610-48Ts/X
100 W
-
100 W 100 W
-
100 W 100 W
-
100 W
x610-24SPs/X
110 W
-
110 W 110 W
-
110 W 110 W
-
110 W
70 W
-
70 W
70 W
480
W
550 W
70 W
720
W
790 W
75 W
-
75 W
75 W
480
W
555 W
75 W
720
W
795 W
95 W
-
95 W
95 W
480
W
575 W
95 W
780
W
875 W
100 W
-
100 W 100 W
480
W
580 W 100 W
780
W
880 W
x610-24Ts-POE+
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
x610-48Ts-POE+
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
Input Voltage:
AC Input (Non-POE Models)100-240V AC, 2.0 A maximum, 50/60 Hz
AT-PWR250 Module - AC 100-240 VAC, 5 A maximum, 50/60 Hz
AT-PWR250 Module - DC 40-60 VDC VAC, 6 A maximum
AT-PWR800 Module
100-240 VAC, 12 A maximum, 50/60 Hz
AT-PWR1200 Module
100-240 VAC, 15 A maximum, 50/60 Hz
PoE and PoE+ Output Voltage:
DC Output
56V DC, 10-600 mA
123
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Certifications
EMI (Emissions):
FCC Class A, ICES-003 Class A,
EN55022 Class A,
EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3,
VCCI Class A, C-TICK, CE
EMC (Immunity):
EN55024
Electrical and Laser Safety:
EN60950-1 (TUV), EN60825-1 (TUV),
UL 60950-1 (CULUS), CSA-C22-2 No.
60950-1 (CULUS)
Quality and Reliability (MTBF): x610-24Ts
Compliance Marks:
124
80,000 hrs.
x610-24Ts/X
80,000 hrs.
x610-48Ts
70,000 hrs.
x610-48Ts/X
60,000 hrs.
x610-24SPs/X
70,000 hrs.
x610-24Ts-POE+
160,000 hrs.
x610-24Ts/X-POE+
150,000 hrs.
x610-48Ts-POE+
120,000 hrs.
x610-48Ts/X-POE+
120,000 hrs.
CE, CULUS, TUV, C-Tick
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
RJ-45 Twisted Pair Port Pinouts
Figure 78 illustrates the pin layout of an RJ-45 connector and port.
Pin 1
Figure 78. RJ-45 Connector and Port Pin Layout
Table 19 lists the pin signal definitions when a port is operating in the MDI
configuration at 10 or 100 Mbps.
Table 19. MDI Pin Signals - 10 or 100 Mbps
Pin
Signal
1
TX+
2
TX-
3
RX+
6
RX-
Table 20 lists the pin signal definitions when a port is operating in the
MDI-X configuration at 10 or 100 Mbps.
Table 20. MDI-X Pin Signals - 10 or 100 Mbps
Pin
Signal
1
RX+
2
RX-
3
TX+
6
TX-
The MDI/MDI-X setting is established automatically when a port is set to
Auto-Negotiation. If a port’s speed and duplex are set manually, the
MDI/MDI-X setting defaults to the MDI-X setting.
125
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 21 lists the pin signal definitions when a port operating at 1000
Mbps.
Table 21. Pin Signals - 1000 Mbps
Pinout
126
Pair
1
Pair 1 +
2
Pair 1 -
3
Pair 2 +
4
Pair 3 +
5
Pair 3 -
6
Pair 2 -
7
Pair 4 +
8
Pair 4 -
x610 Series Layer 3 Gigabit Ethernet Switches Installation Guide
RJ-45 Style Serial Terminal Port Pinouts
Table 22 lists the pin signal definitions on the RJ-45 style serial terminal
port.
Table 22. RJ-45 Style Serial Terminal Port Pin Signals
Pin
Signal
1
Request to Send
2
Data Terminal Ready
3
Transmit Data
4
Data Carrier Detect
5
Ground
6
Receive Data
7
Data Set Ready
8
Clear to Send
AT-RPS3000 21-pin Connector Pinouts
Figure 79 illustrates the pin layout of the RPS 21-pin D-combo port and
connector used to connect the AT-RPS3000 Redundant Power Supply to
x610 Series Switches.
A4
9
A3
17
1
10
A1
A2
Figure 79. AT-RPS3000 21-Pin Connector Layout
127
Appendix A: Technical Specifications
Table 23 lists the RPS 21-pin D-combo port and connector pinout
definitions.
Table 23. AT-RPS3000 21-Pin Connector Pinout Definitions
Pin
128
Definition
A1
12V Return
A2
12V Power Contact
A3
56V Power Contact (for PoE Ready port only)
A4
56V Return (for PoE Ready port only)
1
12V Positive Remote Sense
2
Reserved
3
RPS3000 Status
4
Reserved
5
12V Negative Remote Sense
6
RPS Power Good. Active high, from RPS to switch. This
signal is floating when cable is not connected.
7
Reserved
8
56V Load Share (for PoE Ready port only)
9
56V Positive Remote Sense (for PoE Ready port only)
10
Tied to ground inside RPS
11
Switch power good indication. Active high input from switch
to RPS. This signal is floating when cable is not connected.
12
Reserved
13
Extra PoE power available. Active high, from RPS to switch.
14
Reserved
15
Tied to ground inside switch
16
Reserved
17
56V Negative Remote Sense (for PoE Ready port only)
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