MSDS for Ammonia (NH₃)

MSDS for Ammonia (NH₃)
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
Prepared to U.S. OSHA, CMA, ANSI and Canadian WHMIS Standards
1. PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
CHEMICAL NAME; CLASS:
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE
Containing One or More of the Following Components in a Nitrogen Balance:
Ammonia, 0.0001-0.05%; Oxygen, 0-23.5%
SYNONYMS: Not Applicable
Document Number: 50023
CHEMICAL FAMILY NAME: Not Applicable
FORMULA: Not Applicable
Note: The Material Safety Data Sheet is for this gas mixture supplied in cylinders with 33 cubic feet (935 liters) or less gas capacity (DOT - 39 cylinders). This MSDS has
been developed for various gas mixtures with the composition of components within the ranges listed in Section 2 (Composition and Information on Ingredients). Refer to
the product label for information on the actual composition of the product.
PRODUCT USE:
U.S. SUPPLIER/MANUFACTURER'S NAME:
ADDRESS:
Calibration of Monitoring and Research Equipment
CALGAZ
821 Chesapeake Drive
Cambridge, MD 21613
1-410-228-6400 (8 a.m. to 5 p.m. U.S. EST)
1-713-868-0440
1-800-231-1366
BUSINESS PHONE:
General MSDS Information:
Fax on Demand:
EMERGENCY PHONE:
Chemtrec: United States/Canada/Puerto Rico:
Chemtrec International:
1-800-424-9300 [24-hours]
1-703-527-3887 [24-hours]
2. COMPOSITION and INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CHEMICAL NAME
CAS #
mole %
EXPOSURE LIMITS IN AIR
ACGIH-TLV
Ammonia
7664-41-7
0.00010.05%
Oxygen
7782-44-7
0-23.5%
Nitrogen
7727-37-9
Balance
OSHA-PEL
TWA
ppm
STEL
ppm
PEL
ppm
TWA
ppm
25
35
NE
50
35 ppm
(Vacated
1989 PEL)
NIOSH
OTHER
IDLH
ppm
ppm
NIOSH RELs: TWA = 25
STEL = 35
DFG MAKs: TWA = 20
PEAK = 2•MAK15 min.,
average value, 1 hr interval
DFG MAK Pregnancy Risk
Classification: C
There are no specific exposure limits for Oxygen. Oxygen levels should be maintained
above 19.5%.
300
There are no specific exposure limits for Nitrogen. Nitrogen is a simple asphyxiant (SA).
Oxygen levels should be maintained above 19.5%.
NE = Not Established.
NIC = Notice of Intended Change
See Section 16 for Definitions of Terms Used.
NOTE (1): ALL WHMIS required information is included in appropriate sections based on the ANSI Z400.1-1998 format. This gas mixture has been classified in
accordance with the hazard criteria of the CPR and the MSDS contains all the information required by the CPR.
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: This gas mixture is a colorless gas which is odorless or has a mild, ammonia odor. Ammonia, a component of this
gas mixture can be severely irritating to over-exposed individuals. Symptoms of such over-exposure can include choking, coughing, watery
eyes, labored breathing, and other adverse health effects. Releases of this gas mixture may also produce oxygen-deficient atmospheres
(especially in confined spaces or other poorly-ventilated environments); individuals in such atmospheres may be asphyxiated.
SYMPTOMS OF OVER-EXPOSURE BY ROUTE OF EXPOSURE: The most significant route
H AZAR D O U S M ATE R IAL ID E N T IFIC AT IO N S YS TE M
of over-exposure for this gas mixture is by inhalation.
INHALATION: Due to the small size of an individual cylinder of this gas mixture, no unusual
(BLU E)
3
H E ALT H H AZAR D
health effects from over-exposure to the product are anticipated under routine circumstances of
use. A significant health hazard associated with this gas mixture is inhalation of Ammonia (a
component of this gas mixture), which can lead to irritation of the nose and throat. Such
(R ED )
0
FL AM M AB IL IT Y H AZAR D
exposure may occur if this gas mixture is released in a poorly ventilated or confined space.
Ammonia over-exposures by inhalation can result in emphysema.
The symptoms
associated with specific Ammonia concentrations are as follows:
(YELLO W )
P H Y S IC AL H AZAR D
0
CONCENTRATION
OBSERVED EFFECT
OF AMMONIA
0.6 - 53 ppm
Odor Threshold
PR O TEC TIVE EQ U IPM EN T
25 - 50 ppm
Irritation of the eyes and mucous membranes, which can be tolerated for
several hours.
EYES
HA N DS
BO D Y
R ES P IRA T O R Y
100 - 150 ppm Immediate irritation of the throat, which may be tolerated for an hour.
400 - 700 ppm Immediate, severe irritation of the respiratory system and eyes occurs.
See Section 8
> 5000 ppm
This level of exposure may result in rapid death due to suffocation or
fluid in the lungs. Exposure to concentrations in excess of 5000 ppm
Fo r R o utin e Indu strial U se and H an dling A pp lication s
may cause laryngeal spasms, resulting in death.
NOTE:
This gas mixture contains 1-500 ppm Ammonia. Data pertinent to higher concentrations of Ammonia are provided to give
complete information on effects observed in humans after over-exposures have occurred.
Another significant health hazard associated with this gas mixture is when this gas mixture contains less than 19.5% Oxygen and is released in a
small, poorly-ventilated area (i.e. an enclosed or confined space). Under this circumstance, an oxygen-deficient environment may occur.
Individuals breathing such an atmosphere may experience symptoms which include headaches, ringing in ears, dizziness, drowsiness,
unconsciousness, nausea, vomiting, and depression of all the senses. Under some circumstances of over-exposure, death may occur. The effects
associated with various levels of oxygen are as follows:
OBSERVED EFFECT
CONCENTRATION OF OXYGEN
12-16% Oxygen:
Breathing and pulse rate increased, muscular coordination slightly disturbed.
10-14% Oxygen:
Emotional upset, abnormal fatigue, disturbed respiration.
6-10% Oxygen:
Nausea, vomiting, collapse, or loss of consciousness.
Below 6%:
Convulsive movements, possible respiratory collapse, and death.
CONTACT WITH SKIN or EYES: Contact of the gas mixture with the skin may lead to irritation, redness, and dermatitis, and burns, depending upon
concentration and duration of exposure. Contact of the gas mixture with the eyes will be irritating.
HEALTH EFFECTS OR RISKS FROM EXPOSURE: An Explanation in Lay Terms. Over-exposure to this gas mixture may cause the following
health effects:
ACUTE: Due to the small size of the individual cylinder of this gas mixture, no unusual health effects from exposure to the product are anticipated
under routine circumstances of use. This gas is irritating to eyes, skin, mucous membranes, and any other exposed tissue. If inhaled, irritation of
the respiratory system may occur, with coughing, and breathing difficulty.
EFFECTIVE DATE: FEBRUARY 16, 2011
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE MSDS - 50023
PAGE 1 OF 5
3. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION (Continued)
CHRONIC: Persistent irritation of the skin, as well as dermatitis, may result from repeated exposures to this gas. Repeated Ammonia
overexposures by inhalation can result in emphysema. Chronic exposure to oxygen-deficient atmospheres (below 18% oxygen in air) may affect
the heart and nervous system.
TARGET ORGANS: ACUTE: Respiratory system, skin, eyes. CHRONIC: Respiratory system, skin, heart.
4. FIRST-AID MEASURES
RESCUERS SHOULD NOT ATTEMPT TO RETRIEVE VICTIMS OF EXPOSURE TO THIS GAS MIXTURE WITHOUT ADEQUATE PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. At a minimum, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus must be worn. Victim(s) who experience any adverse
effect after over-exposure to this gas mixture must be taken for medical attention. Rescuers should be taken for medical attention if necessary.
Take a copy of the label and the MSDS to physician or other health professional with victim(s).
No unusual health effects are anticipated after exposure to this gas mixture, due to the small cylinder size. If any adverse symptom develops after
over-exposure to this gas mixture, remove victim(s) to fresh air as quickly as possible. Only trained personnel should administer supplemental
oxygen and/or cardio-pulmonary resuscitation if necessary.
SKIN EXPOSURE: If irritation of the skin develops after exposure to this gas mixture, immediately begin decontamination with running water.
Minimum flushing is for 15 minutes. Remove exposed or contaminated clothing, taking care not to contaminate eyes. Victim must seek immediate
medical attention.
EYE EXPOSURE: If irritation of the eye develops after exposure to this gas mixture, open victim's eyes while under gentle running water. Use
sufficient force to open eyelids. Have victim "roll" eyes. Minimum flushing is for 15 minutes. Seek medical assistance immediately, preferably an
ophthalmologist.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Acute or chronic respiratory conditions may be aggravated by over-exposure to the
components of this gas mixture.
RECOMMENDATIONS TO PHYSICIANS: Administer oxygen, if necessary; treat symptoms; eliminate exposure. Be observant for the signs of
pulmonary edema.
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
FLASH POINT, (method): Not applicable.
AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: Not applicable.
FLAMMABLE LIMITS (in air by volume, %):
Lower (LEL): Not applicable.
Upper (UEL): Not applicable.
FIRE EXTINGUISHING MATERIALS: Non-flammable gas mixture. Use extinguishing
media appropriate for surrounding fire.
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: This gas mixture may be extremely
irritating and presents a significant contact hazard to firefighters. This gas mixture is not
flammable; however, containers, when involved in fire, may rupture or burst in the heat
of the fire.
Explosion Sensitivity to Mechanical Impact: Not sensitive.
Explosion Sensitivity to Static Discharge: Not sensitive.
SPECIAL FIRE-FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Structural firefighters must wear SelfContained Breathing Apparatus and full protective equipment.
NFPA RATING
FLAMMABILITY
0
HEALTH
0
3
REACTIVITY
OTHER
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
LEAK RESPONSE: Due to the small size and content of the cylinder, an accidental release of this gas mixture presents significantly less risk
Ammonia over-exposure, an oxygen deficient environment, and other safety hazards than a similar release from a larger cylinder. However, as
with any chemical release, extreme caution must be used during emergency response procedures. In the event of a release in which the
atmosphere is unknown, and in which other chemicals are potentially involved, evacuate immediate area. Such releases should be responded to
by trained personnel using pre-planned procedures. Proper protective equipment should be used. In case of a leak, clear the affected area,
protect people, and respond with trained personnel. Allow the gas mixture to dissipate. If necessary, monitor the surrounding area (and the original
area of the release) for Ammonia and Oxygen. The concentration of Ammonia must be at acceptable levels (see Section 2, Composition on
Information on Ingredients) and the atmosphere must have at least 19.5 percent oxygen before personnel can be allowed in the area without SelfContained Breathing Apparatus.
If leaking incidentally from the cylinder, contact your supplier.
7. HANDLING and USE
WORK PRACTICES AND HYGIENE PRACTICES: All work practices should minimize the release of gas mixture containing Ammonia. Eye wash
stations/safety showers should be near areas where this gas mixture is used or stored. All work operations should be monitored in such a way that
emergency personnel can be immediately contacted in the event of a release. Do not attempt to repair, adjust, or in any other way modify the
cylinders containing this gas mixture. If there is a malfunction or another type of operational problem, contact nearest distributor immediately.
STORAGE AND HANDLING PRACTICES: Cylinders should be firmly secured to prevent falling or being knocked-over. Cylinders must be
protected from the environment, and preferably kept at room temperature (approximately 21°C [70°F]). Cylinders should be stored in dry, wellventilated areas, away from sources of heat, ignition, and direct sunlight. Protect cylinders against physical damage.
Full and empty cylinders should be segregated. Use a first-in, first-out inventory system to prevent full containers from being stored for long periods
of time. These cylinders are not refillable. WARNING! Do not refill DOT 39 cylinders. To do so may cause personal injury or property
damage.
SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR HANDLING GAS CYLINDERS: WARNING! Compressed gases can present significant safety hazards. During
cylinder use, use equipment designed for these specific cylinders. Ensure all lines and equipment are rated for proper service pressure.
PROTECTIVE PRACTICES DURING MAINTENANCE OF CONTAMINATED EQUIPMENT: Follow practices indicated in Section 6 (Accidental
Release Measures). Make certain that application equipment is locked and tagged-out safely. Always use product in areas where adequate
ventilation is provided.
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: No special respiratory protection is required under normal circumstances of use. Use supplied air respiratory
protection if the levels of components exceeds exposure limits presented in Section 2 (Composition and Information of Ingredients) and Oxygen
levels are below 19.5%, or unknown, during emergency response to a release of this gas mixture. If respiratory protection is needed, use only
protection authorized in the U.S. Federal OSHA Standard (29 CFR 1910.134), applicable U.S. State regulations, or the Canadian CSA Standard
Z94.4-93 and applicable standards of Canadian Provinces. Oxygen levels below 19.16.33% are considered IDLH by OSHA. In such
atmospheres, use of a full-facepiece pressure/demand SCBA or a full facepiece, supplied air respirator with auxiliary self-contained air supply is
required under OSHA’s Respiratory Protection Standard (1910.134-1998). The following NIOSH respirator recommendations are in place for
Ammonia, a component of this gas mixture.
AMMONIA
CONCENTRATION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION
Up to 250 ppm:
Any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with cartridge(s) providing protection against Ammonia, or any Supplied-Air
Respirator (SAR.
Up to 300 ppm:
Any SAR operated in a continuous-flow mode, or any Powered, Air-Purifying Respirator(PAPR) with cartridge(s)
providing protection against ammonia, or any Chemical Cartridge Respirator with a full facepiece and
cartridge(s) providing protection ammonia, or any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas mask) with a
chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister providing protection ammonia, or any Self-Contained Breathing
Apparatus (SCBA) with a full facepiece, or any SAR with a full facepiece.
Emergency or Planned Entry into Unknown Concentrations or IDLH Conditions: Any SCBA that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode, or any SAR that has a full facepiece and is operated in a
pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary SCBA operated in pressuredemand or other positive-pressure mode.
Escape:
Any Air-Purifying, Full-Facepiece Respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted canister
providing protection against ammonia, or any appropriate escape-type, SCBA.
EFFECTIVE DATE: FEBRUARY 16, 2011
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE MSDS - 50023
PAGE 2 OF 5
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS - PERSONAL PROTECTION (Continued)
EYE PROTECTION:
Safety glasses. If necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.133 or appropriate Canadian Standards.
HAND PROTECTION: Wear leather gloves when handling cylinders. Chemically resistant gloves should be worn when using this gas mixture. If
necessary, refer to U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.138 or appropriate Standards of Canada.
BODY PROTECTION: No special protection is needed under normal circumstances of use. If a hazard of injury to the feet exists due to falling
objects, rolling objects, where objects may pierce the soles of the feet or where employee’s feet may be exposed to
electrical hazards, use foot protection, as described in U.S. OSHA 29 CFR 1910.136.
9. PHYSICAL and CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
The following information is for Nitrogen, the main component of this gas mixture.
3
3
GAS DENSITY @ 32°F (0°C) and 1 atm: .072 lbs/ ft (1.153 kg/m )
FREEZING/MELTING POINT @ 10 psig: -345.8°F (-210°C)
BOILING POINT: -320.4°F (-195.8°C)
SPECIFIC GRAVITY (air = 1) @ 70°F (21.1°C): 0.906
pH: Not applicable.
SOLUBILITY IN WATER vol/vol @ 32°F (0°C) and 1 atm: 0.023
MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 28.01
EVAPORATION RATE (nBuAc = 1): Not applicable.
EXPANSION RATIO: Not applicable.
3
VAPOR PRESSURE @ 70°F (21.1°C) (psig): Not applicable.
SPECIFIC VOLUME (ft /lb): 13.8
COEFFICIENT WATER/OIL DISTRIBUTION: Not applicable.
The following information is for this gas mixture.
ODOR THRESHOLD: For Ammonia: Reported values vary widely; 0.6 to 53 ppm; geometric mean: 17 ppm (detection)
APPEARANCE AND COLOR: This gas mixture is a colorless gas which is odorless or has a mild, ammonia odor.
HOW TO DETECT THIS SUBSTANCE (warning properties): There are no unusual warning properties associated with a release of this gas
mixture.
10. STABILITY and REACTIVITY
STABILITY: Normally stable in gaseous state.
DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: The thermal decomposition products of Ammonia include ammonium hydroxide and a variety of nitrogencontaining compounds. The other components of this gas mixture do not decompose, per se, but can react with other compounds in the heat of a
fire.
MATERIALS WITH WHICH SUBSTANCE IS INCOMPATIBLE: Titanium will burn in Nitrogen (the main component of this gas mixture). Lithium
reacts slowly with Nitrogen at ambient temperatures. Ammonia, a component of this gas mixture, is not compatible with most metals, acids,
oxidizers.
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.
CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Contact with incompatible materials. Cylinders exposed to high temperatures or direct flame can rupture or burst.
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
TOXICITY DATA: The following toxicology data are available for the components of this gas mixture:
AMMONIA:
Mutation in Microorganisms-Escherichia coli
1500 ppm/3 hours
Cytogenetic Analysis (Inhalation-Rat) 19,800
mg/m3/16 weeks
TCLo (Inhalation-Human) 20 ppm: Irritant
effects
LCLo (Inhalation-Human) 30,000 ppm/5
minutes
LCLo (Inhalation-Human) 5000 ppm/5 minutes
LDLo (Route Unknown-Man) 132 mg/kg
TDLo (Oral-Man) 15 µL/kg: Gastrointestinal:
changes in structure or function of
esophagus
LCLo (Inhalation-Rat) 2000 ppm/4 hours
TCLo (Inhalation-Rat) 300 ppm/6 hours/5 daysintermittent: Brain and Coverings: other
degenerative changes; Blood: other
changes;
Biochemical:
Metabolism
(Intermediary): amino acids (including
renal excretion)
TCLo (Inhalation-Rat) 455 mg/m3/8 hours/90
days-intermittent: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Olfaction): effect, not
otherwise specified; Lungs, Thorax, or
Respiration: dyspnea; Related to Chronic
Data: death
AMMONIA (continued):
TCLo (Inhalation-Rat) 960 mg/m3/4 hours/17
weeks-intermittent: Brain and Coverings:
recordings from specific areas of CNS
LC50 (Inhalation-Mouse) 4837 ppm/1 hour
LC50 (Inhalation-Mouse) 4230 ppm/1 hour:
Behavioral: tremor, convulsions or effect
on seizure threshold, ataxia
LC50 (Inhalation-Cat) 7 gm/m3/1 hour:
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation: flaccid
paralysis without anesthesia (usually
neuromuscular blockage); Behavioral:
excitement
LC50 (Inhalation-Rabbit) 7 gm/m3/1 hour:
Peripheral Nerve and Sensation: flaccid
paralysis without anesthesia (usually
neuromuscular blockage); Behavioral:
excitement
TCLo (Inhalation-Mouse) 711 ppm/6 hours/14
days-intermittent: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Olfaction): effect, not
otherwise specified
TCLo (Inhalation-Cat, adult) 1000 ppm/10
minutes
TCLo
(Inhalation-Rabbit)
470
mg/m3/8
hours/90 days-intermittent: Sense Organs
and Special Senses (Eye): corneal
damage, effect, not otherwise specified
AMMONIA (continued):
LCLo (Inhalation-Cat, adult) 7000 ppm/1 hour
LCLo (Inhalation-Rabbit, adult) 7000 ppm/1
hour
LCLo (Inhalation-Mammal) 5000 ppm/5
minutes
TCLo (Inhalation-Dog) 470 mg/m3/8 hours/90
days-intermittent: Sense Organs and
Special Senses (Eye): lacrimation
TCLo (Inhalation-Pig) 145 ppm/5 weekscontinuous: Behavioral: food intake
(animal); Nutritional and Gross Metabolic:
weight loss or decreased weight gain
TCLo (Inhalation-Guinea Pig) 470 mg/m3/8
hours/90 days-intermittent: Lungs, Thorax,
or Respiration: other changes; Kidney,
Urethra, Bladder: changes in tubules
(including acute renal failure, acute tubular
necrosis); Related to Chronic Data: death
NITROGEN:
There are no specific toxicology data for
Nitrogen. Nitrogen is a simple asphyxiant,
which acts to displace oxygen in the
environment.
SUSPECTED CANCER AGENT: The components of this gas mixture are not found on the following lists: FEDERAL OSHA Z LIST, NTP,
CAL/OSHA, and IARC; therefore, they are not considered to be, nor suspected to be, cancer-causing agents by these agencies.
IRRITANCY OF PRODUCT: This gas mixture may cause severe irritation to contaminated tissue.
SENSITIZATION TO THE PRODUCT: This gas mixture is not known to cause sensitization in humans.
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY INFORMATION: Listed below is information concerning the effects of this gas mixture and its components on the
human reproductive system.
Mutagenicity: No mutagenicity effects have been described for this gas mixture.
Embryotoxcity: No embryotoxic effects have been described for this gas mixture.
Teratogenicity: No teratogenicity effects have been described for this gas mixture.
Reproductive Toxicity: No reproductive toxicity effects have been described for gas mixture.
A mutagen is a chemical which causes permanent changes to genetic material (DNA) such that the changes will propagate through generation
lines. An embryotoxin is a chemical which causes damage to a developing embryo (i.e. within the first eight weeks of pregnancy in humans), but
the damage does not propagate across generational lines. A teratogen is a chemical which causes damage to a developing fetus, but the damage
does not propagate across generational lines. A reproductive toxin is any substance which interferes in any way with the reproductive process.
BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDICES (BEIs): Currently, Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) have not been determined for the components of this
gas mixture.
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
ENVIRONMENTAL STABILITY: The components of this gas mixture occur naturally in the atmosphere. The gas will be dissipated rapidly in wellventilated areas. The following environmental data are applicable to the components of this gas mixture.
AMMONIA: Water Solubility: 47% in water at 0°C; 34% in water at 20°C; 28% in water at 31°C. BIOCONCENTRATION: Plants have a high affinity for gaseous
ammonia when leaf stomata are open in daylight. BIODEGRADATION: Ammonia is rapidly converted to nitrate by nitrafication.
OXYGEN: Water Solubility = 1 volume Oxygen/32 volumes water at 20°C. Log Kow = -0.65
NITROGEN: Water Solubility = 2.4 volumes Nitrogen/100 volumes water at 0°C. 1.6 volumes Nitrogen/100 volumes water at 20°C.
EFFECT OF MATERIAL ON PLANTS or ANIMALS: Due to the nature of this gas mixture, animals exposed to this gas mixture may experience
irritation, chemical burns, or other adverse health effects. Oxygen displacement can also be a factor in the toxicity of this gas mixture. Plants
contaminated with this gas mixture may be adversely affected or destroyed.
EFFECT OF CHEMICAL ON AQUATIC LIFE: Ammonia, a component of this gas mixture, is very soluble in water, and even low concentrations of
Ammonia in water is detrimental to aquatic life. If a release of this gas mixture occurs near a river or other body of water, the release has the
potential to kill fish and other aquatic life.
EFFECTIVE DATE: FEBRUARY 16, 2011
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE MSDS - 50023
PAGE 3 OF 5
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
PREPARING WASTES FOR DISPOSAL PREPARING WASTES FOR DISPOSAL: Waste disposal must be in accordance with appropriate
Federal, State, and local regulations. Cylinders with undesired residual product may be safely vented outdoors with the proper regulator. For
further information, refer to Section 16 (Other Information).
14. TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
THIS GAS MIXTURE IS HAZARDOUS AS DEFINED BY 49 CFR 172.101 BY THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION.
PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Compressed gases, n.o.s. (*Oxygen, Nitrogen)*or the gas component with the next highest concentration next to
Nitrogen.
HAZARD CLASS NUMBER and DESCRIPTION: 2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
UN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
UN 1956
PACKING GROUP:
Not applicable.
DOT LABEL(S) REQUIRED:
Non-Flammable Gas
NORTH AMERICAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK NUMBER (2000): 126
MARINE POLLUTANT: The components of this gas mixture are not classified by the DOT as Marine Pollutants (as defined by 49 CFR 172.101,
Appendix B).
SPECIAL SHIPPING INFORMATION: Cylinders should be transported in a secure position, in a well-ventilated vehicle. The transportation of
compressed gas cylinders in automobiles or in closed-body vehicles can present serious safety hazards. If transporting these cylinders in
vehicles, ensure these cylinders are not exposed to extremely high temperatures (as may occur in an enclosed vehicle on a hot day).
Additionally, the vehicle should be well-ventilated during transportation.
Note: DOT 39 Cylinders ship in a strong outer carton (outer package). Pertinent shipping information goes on the outside of the outer package.
DOT 39 Cylinders do not have transportation information on the cylinder itself.
TRANSPORT CANADA TRANSPORTATION OF DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS: This gas is considered as Dangerous Goods, per
regulations of Transport Canada.
PROPER SHIPPING NAME: Compressed gases, n.o.s. (*Oxygen, Nitrogen)*or the gas component with the next highest concentration next to
Nitrogen.
HAZARD CLASS NUMBER and DESCRIPTION:
2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
UN IDENTIFICATION NUMBER:
UN 1956
PACKING GROUP:
Not Applicable
HAZARD LABEL:
Class 2.2 (Non-Flammable Gas)
SPECIAL PROVISIONS:
None
EXPLOSIVE LIMIT AND LIMITED QUANTITY INDEX:
0.12
ERAP INDEX:
None
PASSENGER CARRYING SHIP INDEX:
None
PASSENGER CARRYING ROAD VEHICLE OR PASSENGER CARRYING RAILWAY VEHICLE INDEX: 75
NORTH AMERICAN EMERGENCY RESPONSE GUIDEBOOK NUMBER (2000): 121
NOTE: Shipment of compressed gas cylinders via Public Passenger Road Vehicle is a violation of Canadian law (Transport Canada
Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act, 1992).
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
ADDITIONAL U.S. REGULATIONS:
U.S. SARA REPORTING REQUIREMENTS: This gas mixture is subject to the reporting requirements of Sections 302, 304, and 313 of Title III of
the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, as follows:
CHEMICAL NAME
SARA 302
(40 CFR 355, Appendix A)
SARA 304
(40 CFR Table 302.4)
SARA 313
(40 CFR 372.65)
YES
YES
YES
Ammonia
U.S. SARA SECTION 302 EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE THRESHOLD PLANNING QUANTITY: Ammonia = 500 lb (227 kg)
U.S. SARA SECTION 304 EXTREMELY HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE REPORTABLE QUANTITY: Ammonia = 100 lb (45.4 kg)
U.S. TSCA INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this gas mixture are listed on the TSCA Inventory.
U.S. CERCLA REPORTABLE QUANTITY (RQ): Ammonia = 100 lb (45.4 kg)
OTHER U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS:
• Ammonia is subject to the reporting requirements of CFR 29 1910.1000. Ammonia is listed on Table Z.1
• Ammonia is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act. The Threshold Quantity of Ammonia is 10,000 lbs.
• The regulations of the Process Safety Management of Highly Hazardous Chemicals are not be applicable (29 CFR 1910.119). Under this
regulation, only Anhydrous Ammonia is listed in Appendix A; this listing is not pertinent to this gas mixture.
• This gas mixture does not contain any Class I or Class II ozone depleting chemicals (40 CFR part 82).
• Nitrogen and Oxygen are not listed as Regulated Substances, per 40 CFR, Part 68, of the Risk Management for Chemical Releases.
Ammonia is listed under this regulation in Table 1 as Regulated Substances (Toxic Substances); however, this listing is pertinent to
Ammonia in concentrations of 20% or more.
U.S. STATE REGULATORY INFORMATION: The components of this gas mixture are covered under the following specific State regulations:
Alaska - Designated Toxic and Hazardous
Substances: Ammonia.
California - Permissible Exposure Limits for
Chemical
Contaminants:
Nitrogen,
Ammonia.
Florida - Substance List: Oxygen, Ammonia.
Illinois - Toxic Substance List: Ammonia.
Kansas - Section 302/313 List: Ammonia.
Massachusetts - Substance List: Oxygen,
Ammonia.
Michigan - Critical Materials Register: No.
Minnesota - List of Hazardous Substances:
Ammonia.
Missouri - Employer Information/Toxic
Substance List: Ammonia.
New Jersey - Right to Know Hazardous
Substance List:
Oxygen, Nitrogen,
Ammonia.
North Dakota - List of Hazardous Chemicals,
Reportable Quantities: Ammonia.
Pennsylvania - Hazardous Substance List:
Oxygen, Nitrogen, Ammonia.
Rhode Island - Hazardous Substance List:
Oxygen, Ammonia.
Texas - Hazardous Substance List: No.
West Virginia - Hazardous Substance List:
Ammonia.
Wisconsin
Toxic
and
Hazardous
Substances: Ammonia.
CALIFORNIA SAFE DRINKING WATER AND TOXIC ENFORCEMENT ACT (PROPOSITION 65): No component of this gas mixture is on the
California Proposition 65 lists.
ADDITIONAL CANADIAN REGULATIONS:
CANADIAN DSL/NDSL INVENTORY STATUS: The components of this gas mixture are listed on the DSL Inventory.
CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT (CEPA) PRIORITIES SUBSTANCES LISTS: The components of this gas mixture are not on
the CEPA Priorities Substances Lists.
CANADIAN WHMIS CLASSIFICATION: This gas mixture is categorized as a Controlled Product, Hazard Classes A and D2B, as per the
Controlled Product Regulations.
EFFECTIVE DATE: FEBRUARY 16, 2011
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE MSDS - 50023
PAGE 4 OF 5
16. OTHER INFORMATION
INFORMATION ABOUT DOT-39 NRC (Non-Refillable Cylinder) PRODUCTS
DOT 39 cylinders ship as hazardous materials when full. Once the cylinders are relieved of pressure (empty) they are not considered
hazardous material or waste. Residual gas in this type of cylinder is not an issue because toxic gas mixtures are prohibited. Calibration gas
mixtures typically packaged in these cylinders are Nonflammable n.o.s., UN 1956. A small percentage of calibration gases packaged in DOT
39 cylinders are flammable or oxidizing gas mixtures.
For disposal of used DOT-39 cylinders, it is acceptable to place them in a landfill if local laws permit. Their disposal is no different than that
employed with other DOT containers such as spray paint cans, household aerosols, or disposable cylinders of propane (for camping, torch
etc.). When feasible, we recommended recycling for scrap metal content. CALGAZ will do this for any customer that wishes to return
cylinders to us prepaid. All that is required is a phone call to make arrangements so we may anticipate arrival. Scrapping cylinders involves
some preparation before the metal dealer may accept them. We perform this operation as a service to valued customers who want to
participate.
MIXTURES: When two or more gases or liquefied gases are mixed, their hazardous properties may combine to create additional, unexpected
hazards. Obtain and evaluate the safety information for each component before you produce the mixture. Consult an Industrial Hygienist or
other trained person when you make your safety evaluation of the end product. Remember, gases and liquids have properties which can
cause serious injury or death.
Further information about the handling of compressed gases can be found in the following pamphlets published by: Compressed Gas
Association Inc. (CGA), 1725 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202-4102. Telephone: (703) 412-0900.
P-1
AV-1
“Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Containers”
“Safe Handling and Storage of Compressed Gases”
“Handbook of Compressed Gases”
This Material Safety Data Sheet is offered pursuant to OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR, 1910.1200. Other government regulations must be
reviewed for applicability to this gas mixture. To the best of CALGAZ knowledge, the information contained herein is reliable and accurate as of this date;
however, accuracy, suitability or completeness are not guaranteed and no warranties of any type, either express or implied, are provided. The information
contained herein relates only to this specific product. If this gas mixture is combined with other materials, all component properties must be considered. Data
may be changed from time to time. Be sure to consult the latest edition.
EFFECTIVE DATE: FEBRUARY 16, 2011
NON-FLAMMABLE GAS MIXTURE MSDS - 50023
PAGE 5 OF 5
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