Product Specification
May 2013
Product Specification
Industrial Rugged Metal
GDK-2010 USB 2.0 Flash Disk
HERMES Series
Doc-No: 100-RUFGDK-01V1
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Product names mentioned herein are for identification purposes only and may be trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
© 2008 ~2010 APRO Corporation. All rights reserved.
Revision History:
Rev.
Description
Update
01V0
Initial version
2009/03/02
01V1
Updated Appendix A: Order Information table
2013/05/23
CONTENTS
CONTENTS
1. INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................................ 3 1.1. SCOPE ...................................................................................................................................................... 4 1.2. SYSTEM FEATURES ................................................................................................................................. 4 1.3. TECHNOLOGY INDEPENDENCE - STATIC WEAR LEVELING .................................................................... 4 1.4. ECC TECHNOLOGY ................................................................................................................................. 4 1.5. CONFORMAL COATING ............................................................................................................................ 5 2. PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................................... 6 2.1. SYSTEM ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATIONS .......................................................................................... 6 2.2. SYSTEM POWER REQUIREMENTS ........................................................................................................... 6 2.3. SYSTEM PERFORMANCE ......................................................................................................................... 6 2.4. SYSTEM RELIABILITY .............................................................................................................................. 7 2.5. PHYSICAL SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................................... 7 2.6. CAPACITY SPECIFICATIONS..................................................................................................................... 8 2.7. CERTIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................................................... 8 3. INTERFACE DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................... 9 3.1. PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION ......................................................................................................................... 9 3.2. PIN ASSIGNMENTS .................................................................................................................................. 9 4. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ........................................................................................................... 10 4.1. ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS ............................................................................................................ 10 4.2. RECOMMENDED POWER SUPPLY OPERATION CONDITIONS AND TEMPERATURE ................................ 10 4.3. RECOMMENDED EXTERNAL CLOCK SOURCE CONDITIONS .................................................................. 10 4.4 POWER SUPPLY DC CHARACTERISTICS (IDLE MODE)........................................................................... 11 APPENDIX A. ORDERING INFORMATION ..................................................................................................... 12 i
APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
CONTENTS
APPENDIX B. LIMITED WARRANTY .............................................................................................................. 13 ii
APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
1. Introduction
APRO’s Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk–HERMES Series features high capacity and high
performance USB 2.0 Flash Disk. The GDK-2010 USB Flash disk is designed with enhanced technology USB 2.0
controller which is designed to provide higher bandwidth for flash memory access. The USB controller also provides the
embedded hardware error correction code (ECC), dynamic/static wear-leveling algorithm and bad block management
technology in the chip. The Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk specified as 2.0 High Speed Device,
Mass Storage Class; USB-IF (USB Implementers Forum), WHQL (Window Hardware Quality Labs), and EMI
(Electromagnetic Interference). It can control 8 pieces of flash memory chips; therefore, the SLC Flash Disk can
support up to 64GB and MLC Flash Disk up to 128GB.
In addition to being as high speed USB Flash Disk, the controller provides embedded processor, internal marked ROM,
data SRAM, USB 2.0 device controller and USB 2.0 PHY. Data swap between different interfaces can be done very
efficiently by DMA without CPU involvement. Based on that efficient and advanced architecture, the GDK-2010 USB Flash
Disk is featured with high performance. The SLC USB Flash disks’ sequential read / write performance can reach
30MB/30MB per second; the MLC USB Flash disk is up to 30MB/29MB per second.
The Industrial Rugged Metal
GDK-2010 USB Flash disks SLC are available in 16GB to 64GB; MLC USB Flash disks from 32GB to 128GB. However,
MLC USB Flash Disk supports standard operating temperature 0° C ~ 70° C only and SLC USB Flash disk supports
optional standard operating temperature 0° C ~ 70° C and industrial grade operating temperature -40° C ~ 85° C.
The Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 high capacity & high performance USB Flash Disk - HERMES Series also offers
unique customization for OEM customers by laser markings.
Figure--1 shows the block diagram of the used advanced technology of USB flash controller.
Figure--1: GDK-2010 USB Controller Block Diagram
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
1.1.
Scope
This document describes the features and specifications of Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 high capacity & high
performance USB Flash Disk – HERMES Series.
1.2.
System Features

Rugged metal USB casing design to endure various rough environments

Compliant with USB specification 2.0 and downwards compatible to USB 1.0

SLC supports standard grade operating temperature 0°C to 70°C & industrial grade operating temperature -40° C ~
85° C

Complies with Microsoft Vista Ready-Boost® requirement.

Supports Ready Boost for Microsoft Vista O.S.

SLC USB Flash Disk capacities from 16GB to 64GB and MLC USB Flash Disk from 32GB to 128GB

Fixed disk type and optional for removable disk type

Performance up 30MB/sec
1.3.
Technology Independence - Static Wear Leveling
In order to gain the best management for flash memory, Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 high capacity & high
performance USB Flash Disk – HERMES Series supports Static Wear Leveling technology to manage the Flash system.
The life of flash memory is limited; the management is to increase the life of the flash product.
A static wear-leveling algorithm evenly distributes data over an entire Flash cell array and searches for the least used
physical blocks. The identified low cycled sectors are used to write the data to those locations. If blocks are empty, the
write occurs normally. If blocks contain static data, it moves that data to a more heavily used location before it moves the
newly written data. The static wear leveling maximizes effective endurance Flash array compared to no wear leveling or
dynamic wear leveling.
1.4.
ECC Technology
Please refer to Figure--2. Figure--2 is a diagram illustrating an allocation method of a spare area in each page of a NAND
flash memory, wherein the specific ECC algorithm utilizes a Bose, Chaudhuri and Hocquengham (BCH) ECC algorithm.
When a BCH 8 ECC algorithm encodes the data in the NAND flash memory, the parity code generated in the encoding
process may occupy 13 bytes of the spare area in each page. When a BCH 15 ECC algorithm encodes the data in the
NAND flash memory, the parity code generated in the encoding process may occupy 25 bytes of the spare in each page.
When a BCH 8 algorithm decodes the data in the NAND flash memory, the data can be decoded correctly if the error bit
happened in one sector (512 Bytes) is 8. When a BCH 15 algorithm decodes the data in the NAND flash memory, the data
can be decoded correctly if the error bit happened in one sector is 15.
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
Figure--2: Allocation for ECC Algorithm BCH in NAND Flash
1.5.
Conformal Coating
Conformal coating is a protective, dielectric coating designed to conform to the surface of an assembled printed circuit
board. Commonly used conformal coatings include silicone, acrylic, urethane and epoxy. APRO applies only silicone on
APRO storages products upon requested especially by customers. The type of silicone coating features good thermal
shock resistance due to flexibility. It is also easy to apply and repair.
Conformal coating offers protection of circuitry from moisture, fungus, dust and corrosion caused by extreme
environments. It also prevents damage from those Flash storages handling during construction, installation and use, and
reduces mechanical stress on components and protects from thermal shock. The greatest advantage of conformal coating
is to allow greater component density due to increased dielectric strength between conductors.
APRO apply MIL-I-46058C silicon conformal coating.
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
2. Product Specifications
For all the following specifications, values are defined at ambient temperature and nominal supply voltage unless
otherwise stated.
2.1.
System Environmental Specifications
Table- 1: Environmental Specification
Standard grade operating temp. / non-operating temp.
0°C ~ +70°C / -20ºC ~ +80ºC
Industrial grade operating temp. / non-operating temp.
-40°C ~ +85°C / -50ºC ~ +95ºC
Humidity
Operating & Non-operating:
10% ~ 95% non-condensing
Vibration
Operating & Non-operating:
15G compliance to MIL-STD-810F
Shock
Operating & Non-operating:
1,500 G compliance to MIL-STD-810F
Temperature
Remark : MLC USB Flash Disk supports standard operating temperature supports 0° C ~ 70° C and non-operating
temperature is -20ºC ~ +80ºC
2.2.
System Power Requirements
Table- 2: Power Requirement
DC Input Voltage (VCC) 100mV max. ripple(p-p)
5V±10% via on-board USB port
NAND flash types
+5V Current
(Maximum average value)
2.3.
SLC
MLC
Idle mode :
90 mA (Max.)
90 mA (Max.)
Reading mode :
155 mA (Max.)
160 mA (Max.)
Writing mode :
175 mA (Max.)
180 mA (Max.)
System Performance
Table- 3: System Performances
Sequent Speed (MB/Sec.)
Performance
(MB/sec)
Read
Write
Flash Type
SLC
MLC
SLC
MLC
16GB
29.91
NA
29.00
NA
32GB
29.82
29.15
28.85
28.06
64GB
30.12
29.22
29.24
28.49
128GB
NA
29.70
NA
28.34
Note:
(1). All values quoted are typically at 25℃ and nominal supply voltage.
(2). The Max. Performance was tested by SiSoftware Sandra /File Benchmark
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
2.4.
System Reliability
Table- 4: System Reliability
MTBF
>3,000,000 hours
Wear-leveling Algorithms
Static wear-leveling algorithm
ECC Technology
8bit/12bit ECC (8bit/512Bytes and 12bit/512Bytes BCH ECC engines)
Greater than 2,000,000 cycles Logically contributed by Wear-leveling and
Endurance
advanced bad sector management
Data Retention
2.5.
10 years
Physical Specifications
Refer to Table- 5 and see Figure- 3 for USB Flash Disk physical specifications and dimensions.
Table- 5: Physical Specifications
APRO Industrial USB Flash Disk
Length:
89.30 mm
Width:
32.00 mm
Thickness:
11.30 mm
Weight:
40 g /1.41 oz
Figure- 3: GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk Dimensions
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
2.6.
Capacity Specifications
INDUSTRIAL RUGGED METAL GDK-2010 high capacity & high performance USB Flash Disk - HERMES Series USB 2.0
Flash Disks built-in mainly Samsung NAND Type SLC Flash memory chips. The Table- 6 shows the equivalent part
number of applied Samsung Flash memory chips for each USB Flash Disk.
Table- 6: GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk Configuration vs. Samsung NAND SLC part number
Capacity
Grade
Samsung SLC Flash Memory Part Number * Q’TY
Flash Type:
16GB
32GB
64GB
128GB
Commercial Grade:
Industrial Grade:
SLC flash IC
K9KAG08UOM-PCB0 *8
K9KAG08UOM-PIB0 *8
MLC Flash IC
NA
K9WBG08U1M-PCB0 *8
K9LBG08U1D-PCB0 *8
Industrial Grade:
K9WBG08U1M-PIB0 *8
NA
Commercial Grade:
K9NCG08U5M-PCB0 *8
K9HCG08U5M-PCB0 *8
Industrial Grade:
K9NCG08U5M-PCB0 *8
NA
Commercial Grade:
Commercial Grade:
Industrial Grade:
K9HDG08U5M-PCB0 *8
NA
NA
Note: Above flash part numbers are just for reference only for Samsung equivalent will be used too.
2.7.
Certifications
2.7.1 EMC / Verification No.: EM/2007/90094C
APRO INDUSTRIAL RUGGED METAL GDK-2010 high capacity & high performance USB Flash Disk - HERMES Series
products meet the requirements of the below standards and hence fulfills the requirements of EMC Directive 2004/108/EC
requirements.
Table- 7 – APRO SRUFD Electromagnetic Compatibility
Parameter
Standard
Emission
EN55022 : 1998+A1: 2000+A2:2003 Class B
EN55024 : 1998+A1: 2001+A2:2003
Immunity
IEC61000-4-2: 1995+A1:1998+A2:2000
IEC61000-4-3: 2002+A1:2002
2.7.2 FCC / Declaration No.: EM/2007/70044C
In the configuration tested the APRO INDUSTRIAL RUGGED METAL GDK-2010 high capacity & high performance USB
Flash Disk - HERMES Series complied with the standards FCC Part 15: 2006, Subpart B, Class B.
2.7.3 RoHS
Directive of the European Parliament of the Council on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in
Electrical and Electronic Equipment, 2002/95/EC (RoHS).
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APRO RUFD GDK-2010 HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
3. Interface Description
3.1.
Physical Description
The host is connected to the Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 high capacity & high performance USB Flash Disk HERMES Series using a Type a male USB type A connector.
Figure- 4: GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk USB Connector Type A
3.2.
Pin Assignments
Table- 8 Pin Assignments of USB 2.0
Pin Number
Pin Name
Function
Pin 1
Vcc
Power
Pin 2
USB -
The pairs are used to transmit
Pin 3
USB +
Address, Data and Command.
Pin 4
Vss
Ground
APRO Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk –HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
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4. Electrical Characteristics
4.1.
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Table- 9 Absolute Maximum Ratings
4.2.
MI N
MAX
UNITS
AVDDH
-0.5
6
V
Digital I/O Power Supply
DVDD
-0.5
6
V
Digital I/O Input Voltage
Vi(D)
-0.4
DVDD 0.4
V
Storage Temperature
TSTORAGE
-55
140
℃
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
Analog Power Supply
CONDITION
Recommended Power Supply Operation Conditions and Temperature
Table- 10 Recommended Power Supply Operation Conditions and Temperature
PARAMETER
SYSMBOL
Operation Digital Power
Supply
Operation Analog Power
Supply
Ambient Operation
Temperature
Ambient Operation
Temperature
Junction Temperature
CONDITION
MI N
TYP
MAX
UNITS
PV33
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
D1V8
1.85
1.9
2.0
V
ASV33
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
ASV18
1.85
1.9
2.0
V
AVDDH
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
TA
For commercial spec.
0
70
℃
TA
For industrial spec.
-40
85
℃
125
℃
85
℃
100
℃
TJ
For commercial spec.
Case Operation Temperature
TC
Case Operation Temperature
TC
TFBGA 130 Ball 9X9
θJC
7.9
℃W
TFBGA 130 Ball 9X9
θJA
32.7
℃W
4.3.
and base on TA
For industrial spec. TA
Recommended External Clock Source Conditions
Table- 11 Recommended External Clock Source Conditions
PARAMETER
SYSMBOL
CONDITION
MI N
External reference clock
Clock Duty Cycle
TYP
MAX
30
45
30
APRO Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk –HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
UNITS
MHz
55
%
10
4.4
Power Supply DC Characteristics (Idle mode)
Table- 12 Power Supply DC Characteristics (Idle mode)
PARAMETER
Digital Power Supply
USB Analog Power Supply
Analog Power Supply
4.5
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MI N
TYP
MAX
UNITS
IPV33
3.3V
6
mA
IDV18
1.9V
79
mA
IAVDDH
3.3V
34
mA
IASV33
3.3V
2
mA
IASV18
1.9V
120
mA
I/O DC Characteristics
Table- 13 I/O DC Characteristics
4.6
PARAMETER
SYMBOL
CONDITIONS
MI N
TYP
MAX
UNITS
Input low voltage
VIL
0.8
V
Input high voltage
VIH
2.0
Output low voltage
VOL
0
0.4
V
Output high voltage
VOH
2.6
3.6
V
V
Power Sequence
If external power design is applied, designers should make sure that the 3.3V power rail ramps
prior to the 1.8V power rail or at the same time to prevent excessive current leakage. Except for 1.8V
power rail, reset signal should be also taken into consideration. Designers should make sure that the
3.3V power rail ramps prior to the reset signal for system normal operating purpose. It is not accepTableif reset signal ramps prior to 3.3V power rail.
If internal power design is applied, 3.3V power rail will ramp prior to or simultaneously with the 1.8V
power rail to prevent excessive current leakage onto the 3.3V power rail.
Figure- 5: GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk Power Sequence
APRO Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk –HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
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Appendix A. Ordering Information
1.
Part Number
SLC NAND Flash
Product Picture
Standard grade
Industrial Grade
( 0ºC ~ 70ºC )
( -40ºC ~ +85ºC )
16GB
GDKUF016G-JCCSC-F(/C)
GDKUF016G-JCISI-F(/C)
32GB
GDKUF032G-JCCSC-F(/C)
GDKUF032G-JCISI-F(/C)
64GB
GDKUF064G-JCCSC-F(/C)
GDKUF064G-JCISI-F(/C)
Standard grade
Wide Temp. Grade
( 0ºC ~ 70ºC )
( -40ºC ~ +85ºC )
32GB
GDKUF032G-JCCMC-F
GDKUF032G-JCCMC-F/C
64GB
GDKUF064G-JCCMC-F
GDKUF064G-JCCMC-F/C
128GB
GDKUF128G-JCCMC-F
GDKUF128G-JCCMC-F/C
Grade
MLC NAND Flash
Product Picture
2.
Grade
Part Number Decoder
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5 X6 X7 X8 X9-X11 X12 X13 X14 X15/C
X1 X2 X3 : Casing
X13 : Controller Grade
GDK : Bulky size casing
C : Commercial grade
I : Industrial grade
X4 X5 : Product category
UF : USB 2.0 Flash Disk
X14 : Flash IC
S : Samsung SLC-NAND Flash IC
X6 X7 X8 X9 : Capacity
M : MLC-NAND flash IC
016G:
16GB
032G:
32GB
064G:
64GB
128G:
128GB
X15 : Flash IC grade / Type
C : Commercial grade
X11 : Controller
I : Industrial grade
J : JMicron (HERMES Series)
C : Reserved for specific requirement
X12 : Controller version
C : Conformal-coating
A,B,C…..
MLC solution with “/C” : Option for wide temperature
APRO Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk –HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
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Appendix B. Limited Warranty
APRO warrants your Metal USB Flash Disk against defects in material and workmanship for the life of the drive. The
warranty is void in the case of misuse, accident, alteration, improper installation, misapplication or the result of
unauthorized service or repair. The implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, and all other
warranties, expressed or implied, except as set forth in this warranty, shall not apply to the products delivered. In no event
shall APRO be liable for any lost profits, lost savings or other incidental or consequential damages arising out of the use of,
or inability to use, this product.
BEFORE RETURNING PRODUCT, A RETURN MATERIAL AUTHORIZATION (RMA) MUST BE OBTAINED FROM
APRO.
Product shall be returned to APRO with shipping prepaid. If the product fails to conform based on customers’ purchasing
orders, APRO will reimburse customers for the transportation charges incurred.
APRO Industrial Rugged Metal GDK-2010 USB Flash Disk –HERMES Series © 2010 APRO Co., Ltd.
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