Bailey Discovery 200 Owner`s manual

Bailey Discovery 200 Owner`s manual
Owner’s
Manual
Owner’s Details
Model _________________________________________________________________
Vehicle Identification Number V.I.N. _______________________________________
Owner’s Name __________________________________________________________
Address ________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Tel. No. _________________________________________________________________
Key Nos: All Doors _____________________________________________________
Water Filler Cap ________________________________________________
Retailer’s Name _________________________________________________________
Address ________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
Tel. No. _________________________________________________________________
The essential accessory
for your new caravan!
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located in National Parks, on land owned by the National Trust or even in the
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You can also be sure of The Club’s
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enjoy your caravanning but you’re
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Most members join us to use our
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there are many other Club benefits,
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needed) and we’ll send you an Enquiry Pack including an application form.
Contents
Owner’s Details ............................................................ 1
1.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................... 1-1
1.2
WARRANTY .................................................. 1-2
1.3
WARRANTY COVER .................................... 1-2
1.3.1
6 Year Body Shell Integrity Guarantee .......... 1-2
1.3.2
3 Year Manufacturers Warranty ..................... 1-2
1.3.3
Terms and Conditions .................................... 1-3
1.4
CARAVAN REGISTRATION AND
IDENTIFICATION SCHEME (C.R.I.S) ........... 1-4
1.5
SAFETY ........................................................ 1-5
2.1
INTRODUCTION ........................................... 2-1
2.2
Caravan and towing vehicle terms ............ 2-1
2.2.1
Measurement of nose weight ........................ 2-2
2.2.2
The caravan to towing vehicle weight ratio ... 2-2
2.2.3
Towing vehicle’s rear suspension .................. 2-2
2.2.4
Recommended tow ball height ...................... 2-3
2.2.5
Secondary braking cable (Break away
device) ........................................................... 2-3
2.2.6
Loading and distribution of weight in the
caravan and car ............................................. 2-4
2.2.7
Noseweight .................................................... 2-5
2.2.8
Hitching up .................................................... 2-5
2.2.9
Hitching the caravan to the tow vehicle ......... 2-6
2.3
Towing .......................................................... 2-8
2.3.1
Speed limits ................................................... 2-8
2.3.2
Pulling away .................................................. 2-8
2.3.3
Caravan handling .......................................... 2-8
2.3.4
Reversing ...................................................... 2-8
2.3.5
Motorway driving ........................................... 2-8
2.3.6
Mirrors ........................................................... 2-9
2.3.7
Passengers ................................................... 2-9
2.3.8
Snaking .......................................................... 2-9
2.3.9
Stabilisers .................................................... 2-10
2.3.10 Road lighting ............................................... 2-10
2.3.11 Types of tyres fitted ..................................... 2-10
2.3.12 Tyre Wear and Damage .............................. 2-10
2.3.13 Tyre pressures ............................................. 2-11
2.3.14 Wheels ......................................................... 2-11
2.3.15 Spare Wheels .............................................. 2-12
2.3.16 Changing a Wheel ....................................... 2-12
2.3.17 Unhitching ................................................... 2-13
2.3.18 Levelling the caravan .................................. 2-14
2.3.19 Towing brackets ........................................... 2-14
2.3.20 Driving licences ........................................... 2-14
3.1
THE WATER SYSTEM .................................. 3-1
3.1.1
Water Supply ................................................. 3-1
3.1.2
The Submersible Pump
(Discovery & Ranger) .................................... 3-1
3.1.3
Whale Smartflo On Board Pump
(Pageant & Senator) ...................................... 3-2
3.1.4
Priming the System using the External
Water Container (Pageant & Senator) ........... 3-2
3.1.5
Troubleshooting (Pageant & Senator) ........... 3-4
3.1.6
Routine Maintenance .................................... 3-5
3.1.7
Cleaning Containers and the System ............ 3-5
3.1.8
Pressure switch (Discovery & Ranger) .......... 3-5
3.1.9
Adjusting Pressure Switch
(Discovery & Ranger) .................................... 3-5
3.1.10 Onboard water supply (Senator only) ............ 3-5
3.1.11 Aquasource Direct Mains Water Connection . 3-6
3.1.12 Draining and Winterisation of the Water
System ........................................................... 3-6
3.1.13 Setting up the Water System ......................... 3-6
3.1.14 Shower tray ................................................... 3-6
3.1.15 Waste (Grey) Water System .......................... 3-7
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.5
3.2.6
3.2.7
3.2.8
3.2.9
3.3
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.4
3.4.1
3.4.2
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
4.1.5
4.1.6
4.1.7
4.1.8
4.1.9
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
4.2.3
4.2.4
4.2.5
4.2.6
4.2.6
4.2.7
4.3
4.3.1
4.3.2
4.3.3
4.4
4.5
4.5.1
4.6
4.6.1
4.6.2
4.6.3
4.6.4
4.6.5
4.6.6
4.7
4.7.1
4.7.2
4.8
4.9
4.9.1
4.9.2
THE GAS SYSTEM ....................................... 3-7
General information ....................................... 3-7
Types of gas .................................................. 3-8
Changing Gas Cylinders ............................... 3-9
Gas safety advice .......................................... 3-9
Awning Space LPG Appliance Exhaust ......... 3-9
Gas Leaks ..................................................... 3-9
Ventilation .................................................... 3-10
Gas BBQ point (Senator only) ..................... 3-10
THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM – 230 VOLT . 3-11
On arrival at caravan site ............................ 3-11
On leaving caravan site ............................... 3-12
Generators ................................................... 3-12
Overseas connections ................................. 3-12
Mains unit .................................................... 3-13
THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM – 12 VOLT ... 3-14
12-volt Control Panel ................................... 3-15
Auxiliary Battery storage/mains inlet ........... 3-15
THE TRUMA ULTRASTORE WATER
HEATER ........................................................ 4-1
Filling the Truma Ultrastore with water .......... 4-1
Gas operating instructions ............................. 4-2
Switching off (gas operation) ......................... 4-2
Electrical operating instructions (230v) ......... 4-3
Draining the water heater .............................. 4-3
Maintenance .................................................. 4-3
Important Operating Notes: ........................... 4-4
General Safety Notes: ................................... 4-4
Technical Data ............................................... 4-5
THE TRUMA S 3002 EL SPACE HEATER ... 4-6
Gas Operation ............................................... 4-6
Thermostat .................................................... 4-6
Important operating notes ............................. 4-6
General Safety Notes .................................... 4-7
Technical data ............................................... 4-8
230V Operation ............................................. 4-8
Operating notes ............................................. 4-8
Technical Data ............................................... 4-9
TRUMA 12V FAN OPERATION .................... 4-9
Trumavent TEB with automatic speed
control 12V .................................................... 4-9
Technical Data ............................................... 4-9
Warm air distribution ...................................... 4-9
THE COUNTRY LEISURE COOKING
APPLIANCES ............................................. 4-11
THE ARGENT HOB .................................... 4-11
Hotplate Burners ......................................... 4-11
THE MIDI OVEN & GRILL (Ranger,
Pageant & Senator) ................................... 4-12
Grill .............................................................. 4-12
Oven ............................................................ 4-13
The Duplex Oven & Grill (Discovery only) ... 4-13
Temperature Control .................................... 4-14
Cooking Guidelines ..................................... 4-14
Maintenance & Servicing ............................. 4-15
THE FIRE SENTRY SMOKE ALARM ......... 4-16
False Alarms ‘Hush’ Control ........................ 4-16
Testing ......................................................... 4-16
REFRIGERATORS ...................................... 4-17
DOMETIC REFRIGERATOR MODEL
RM 7390 (Discovery only) ......................... 4-17
Using the refrigerator ................................... 4-17
Controls ....................................................... 4-17
Contents
4.9.3
4.9.4
4.9.5
4.9.6
4.10
Energy Selection ......................................... 4-18
Temperature setting cooling compartment .. 4-20
Exchange of the igniter’s battery ................. 4-20
Storing food ................................................. 4-20
DOMETIC REFRIGERATOR MODEL
RM 8550L
(Pageant & Senator) ............................... 4-21
4.10.1 Cleaning ...................................................... 4-21
4.10.2 Operating modes and use of the
refrigerator ................................................... 4-21
4.10.3 Control elements of energy selections
(BATTERY IGNITER, MES and AES) ......... 4-21
4.10.4 Electrical operation ...................................... 4-22
4.10.5 Gas operation (liquid gas) ........................... 4-22
4.10.6 Door locking ................................................. 4-23
4.10.7 Removable freezer compartment ................ 4-24
4.10.8 Positioning the storage racks ...................... 4-24
4.10.9 Exchange of the igniter’s battery ................. 4-25
4.10.10 Shutting off the refrigerator .......................... 4-25
4.10.11 Lighting ........................................................ 4-25
4.10.12 Troubleshooting ........................................... 4-26
14.10.13 Maintenance .............................................. 4-27
4.11
THETFORD REFRIGERATOR
MODEL N97 (Ranger) ................................ 4-28
4.11.1 Switching on the refrigerator ....................... 4-28
4.11.2 Igniting and starting your refrigerator .......... 4-28
4.11.3 Electrical operation ...................................... 4-28
4.11.4 Power with gas ............................................ 4-29
4.11.5 Switching off the refrigerator ........................ 4-29
4.11.6 Securing products for driving ....................... 4-29
4.11.7 Door locking mechanism ............................. 4-30
4.12
THE THETFORD CASSETTE C-200
CW / CWE (Discovery & Ranger) .............. 4-31
4.12.1 Preparing for use ......................................... 4-31
4.12.2 Operation ..................................................... 4-33
4.12.3 Emptying the holding tank ........................... 4-33
4.12.4 Cleaning and Maintenance .......................... 4-33
4.12.5 Winterising / Storage ................................... 4-34
4.12.6 Cold weather use ........................................ 4-34
4.12.7 High altitude and hot weather use ............... 4-34
4.13
THE THETFORD CASSETTE C-250
(Pageant & Senator) .................................. 4-35
4.13.1 Introduction .................................................. 4-35
4.13.2 Preparing for use (standard) ....................... 4-37
4.13.3 Preparing for use with Optional Features .... 4-37
4.13.4 Using the toilet (standard) ........................... 4-37
4.13.5 Using the toilet with Optional Features ........ 4-38
4.13.6 Emptying ...................................................... 4-38
4.13.7 Emptying with Optional Features ................ 4-38
4.13.8 Cleaning and Maintenance .......................... 4-39
4.13.9 Waste Holding Tank ..................................... 4-39
4.13.10 Cleaning and Maintenance for Optional
Features ...................................................... 4-40
4.13.11 Winter operation .......................................... 4-40
4.13.12 Storage ........................................................ 4-40
4.14
AL-KO SECURE ......................................... 4-41
4.15
AL-KO ATC TRAILER CONTROL
SYSTEM ...................................................... 4-42
4.15.1 System requirements .................................. 4-42
4.15.2 Operating instructions ................................. 4-42
4.16
OMNIVENT ROOFLIGHT MOUNTED
EXTRACTION FAN
(Pageant & Senator only) .......................... 4-43
4.16.1 Use Ventilator (only for OMNIVENT 12V) .... 4-43
4.17
4.17.1
4.17.2
4.17.3
4.17.4
4.17.5
4.17.6
4.17.7
4.17.8
4.17.9
4.17.10
4.17.11
4.17.12
4.17.13
4.17.14
4.17.15
4.17.16
4.17.17
4.17.18
4.17.19
4.17.20
4.17.21
4.17.22
4.17.23
4.17.24
4.18
4.18.1
4.18.2
4.18.3
4.19
4.19.1
4.19.2
4.19.3
4.19.4
4.19.5
4.19.6
4.20
4.20.1
4.21
4.21.1
4.21.2
4.22
4.22.1
4.22.2
4.22.3
4.23
4.23.1
4.23.2
4.23.3
4.23.4
4.23.5
4.24
4.24.1
4.24.2
4.24.3
THE ALKO CARAVAN CHASSIS ............... 4-44
Chassis members ........................................ 4-44
Drilling or welding of parts or accessories ... 4-44
Independent suspension ............................. 4-44
Coupling head ............................................. 4-44
Operation : Type AK 160 & AK 300
Coupling Head ............................................. 4-45
Secondary braking (Breakaway cable) ........ 4-45
Uncoupling .................................................. 4-45
Brake drum/hub assembly ........................... 4-45
Operating instructions ................................. 4-45
Coupling ...................................................... 4-45
Stabiliser Unit: ............................................. 4-46
Uncoupling .................................................. 4-46
Checking the efficiency of the left/right
friction pads: ................................................ 4-46
Manoeuvring operation ................................ 4-46
Noises whilst driving .................................... 4-47
Remedial Action .......................................... 4-47
Storing ......................................................... 4-47
Towing ball ................................................... 4-47
Overrunning device ..................................... 4-47
Jockey wheel ............................................... 4-48
Brake linkage ............................................... 4-48
Corner steadies ........................................... 4-48
Braking system adjustment ......................... 4-48
Chassis Lubrication Points .......................... 4-50
REMI CARE DOOR FLYSCREEN
(Pageant) .................................................... 4-50
To close REMIcare ...................................... 4-50
To open REMIcare ....................................... 4-50
Cleaning ...................................................... 4-50
HEKI 2 ROOFLIGHT ................................... 4-51
To open in the tilted position ........................ 4-51
To open in the intermediate position ............ 4-51
To open in the ventilation position ............... 4-51
Closing the blinds ........................................ 4-51
Opening the blinds ...................................... 4-52
Care Instructions ......................................... 4-52
SENATOR CASSETTE COMBINATION
WINDOW BLINDS ...................................... 4-52
Tensioning ................................................... 4-52
DISCOVERY, RANGER & PAGEANT
COMBINATION WINDOW BLINDS ............ 4-53
Retensioning ............................................... 4-53
Cleaning ...................................................... 4-53
TRACKER MONITOR ................................. 4-54
To arm .......................................................... 4-54
To disarm ..................................................... 4-54
Winter storage ............................................. 4-54
STATUS 315 OMNI-DIRECTIONAL
TELEVISION & FM RADIO ANTENNA
(Ranger only) ............................................. 4-55
Travelling ..................................................... 4-55
Operating the System .................................. 4-55
Removing the Antenna ................................ 4-55
Removing the Pinnacle ............................... 4-55
Fault Finding ................................................ 4-56
STATUS 530 DIRECTIONAL
TELEVISION & FM RADIO ANTENNA
(Pageant & Senator) .................................. 4-57
Travelling ..................................................... 4-57
Operating the System .................................. 4-57
VHF Television Reception (Overseas Only) 4-57
Contents
4.24.4
4.25
4.25.1
4.25.2
4.25.3
4.25.4
4.25.5
4.25.6
4.25.7
4.25.8
4.25.9
5.1
5.1.1
5.1.2
5.1.3
5.1.3
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
5.1.14
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.2.8
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.4.4
5.4.5
5.4.6
5.4.7
5.4.8
5.5
5.5.1
5.5.2
5.5.3
Fault Finding ................................................ 4-58
DAEWOO MICROWAVE OVEN ................. 4-59
Precautions to avoid possible exposure to
excessive microwave energy ...................... 4-59
Operational Procedure ................................ 4-59
Microwave Cooking Utensils ....................... 4-60
Cooking Techniques .................................... 4-61
Cooking Utensils ......................................... 4-61
Care and Cleaning ...................................... 4-62
Before You Call For Service ........................ 4-62
Questions and Answers ............................... 4-62
Specifications .............................................. 4-63
GENERAL MAINTENANCE ......................... 5-1
Exterior .......................................................... 5-1
Acrylic Windows ............................................ 5-1
Window Catches and Stays .......................... 5-2
Interior ........................................................... 5-2
Mattresses ..................................................... 5-2
Care of your upholstery ................................. 5-2
Curtains ......................................................... 5-2
Hinges and Catches ...................................... 5-3
Free Standing Table ...................................... 5-3
Kitchen Chopping Board ............................... 5-3
Shower/Vanity Units ...................................... 5-3
Guidance on Cleaning Portable Water
Tanks and the Water System and in Touring
Caravans ....................................................... 5-3
For Containers ............................................... 5-4
For Systems .................................................. 5-4
Caravan Keys (Senator only) ........................ 5-4
FIRE AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ........... 5-5
Children ......................................................... 5-5
Fire Extinguishers .......................................... 5-5
In Case of Fire ............................................... 5-5
Ventilation ...................................................... 5-5
Petrol/Diesel Fumes ...................................... 5-5
Original Equipment Appliances ..................... 5-6
Portable Appliances ....................................... 5-6
Modifications .................................................. 5-6
ASSEMBLING THE BUNKS ......................... 5-7
Lift up Bunk ................................................... 5-8
Slatted Bed (Fig. 1) ....................................... 5-8
Side Dinette Bed (Fig. 2) ............................... 5-8
Drop Down Table Bed .................................... 5-8
WATER SYSTEM - FAULT FINDING ............ 5-9
FAULT - Water not flowing from any tap
when operated but pump runs ....................... 5-9
FAULT - Pump does not run .......................... 5-9
FAULT - Water flows from cold tap but has
reduced flow from hot .................................... 5-9
FAULT - Water flows from hot tap but has
reduced flow from cold ................................ 5-10
FAULT - Reduced flow from both hot and
cold taps ...................................................... 5-10
FAULT - Reduced flow from either taps ....... 5-10
FAULT - Water Heater pressure relief
valve venting water ...................................... 5-10
FAULT - Water heater difficult to drain ......... 5-11
ROOM HEATER - FAULT FINDING ........... 5-12
FAULT - Heater will not light ........................ 5-12
FAULT - Heater lights .................................. 5-12
FAULT - Blown Air ....................................... 5-12
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.6.3
5.6.4
5.6.5
5.6.6
5.6.7
5.6.8
5.7
5.7.1
5.8
5.8.1
BRAKE FAULT FINDING CHART - AL-KO 5-13
FAULT - Braking is one-sided ...................... 5-13
FAULT - The trailer brakes during mild
decelerations ............................................... 5-13
FAULT - The trailer brakes snatch when
braking ......................................................... 5-13
FAULT - Brake judder .................................. 5-13
FAULT - Trailer brakes lock up when
reversing ...................................................... 5-13
FAULT - Trailer brakes inoperative .............. 5-14
FAULT - Hot brakes ..................................... 5-14
FAULT - Handbrake will not hold trailer
on slope ....................................................... 5-14
REFRIGERATOR - FAULT FINDING .......... 5-14
FAULT - No 230V fridge operation .............. 5-14
TRACKER - FAULT FINDING ..................... 5-14
GENERAL QUESTIONS ............................. 5-14
Congratulations on the purchase
of a fine touring caravan!
To ensure you enjoy your caravanning to the full, may we commend the
following books from Haynes Publishing? They have been written by John
Wickersham whose caravanning articles appear every month in several
magazines, including the Members’ Magazine of The Caravan Club.
The Caravan Handbook. From Haynes “Glove
Box” series, this caravanning handbook offers
advice on topics like tow cars and towing, storing
your caravan, choosing and using an awning,
accessories worth considering, using your
caravan’s appliances, laying-up a caravan for the
winter and dozens of other subjects. The Caravan
Handbook by John Wickersham has over 300
pages, hundreds of colour photographs, and an
address list of around 145 manufacturers/service
providers.
Price: £12.99.
The Caravan Manual. Now in its 3rd edition, this
full colour manual is the ultimate guide to repairs
and maintenance. Using the guidance and stepby-step illustrations, many jobs can be carried out
by a competent owner. On the other hand this book
is used by caravanners who want to find out how
things work and to learn about tasks carried out by
servicing specialists. Trevor Watson, Director
General of The Caravan Club wrote: “This
remarkable book covers just about all you will need
to know to get the most from your caravan.”
Price £14.99.
These notable books are available from all good bookshops.
Or you can order direct from:
Haynes Publishing on 01963-442030
Or visit: www.haynes.co.uk
Introduction
1.1
1
INTRODUCTION
Bailey of Bristol welcome you to the ranks of Bailey Owners.
This Handbook has been designed to enable you to derive the maximum benefits and enjoyment from
your caravan, its information will be of benefit to both experienced and new caravanners alike.
Several sections are ‘common to all models’ in the range, the specific sections relative to a particular
model are clearly indicated.
All enquiries regarding your caravan must be addressed in the first instance to the dealer from whom
the caravan was first purchased.
Your caravan is designed to give many years of use, regular maintenance is however necessary to
ensure trouble free service. Your Bailey Retailer is equipped to offer service facilities, repair work and
any spare parts you may require.
Always consult your Bailey Retailer before additional equipment is fitted to ensure appropriate fixing
support is available.
▲ In any correspondence the caravan V.I.N. should always be quoted, this can be found on
the offside chassis member and is etched into all major windows.
Manufactured by:
BAILEY CARAVANS LIMITED,
South Liberty Lane, Bristol BS3 2SS, England.
[email protected]
1-1
1
Introduction
1.2
WARRANTY
Any claims under warranty must be made through the Retailer from whom the caravan was purchased.
It is with the retailer that the purchaser’s Contract of Sale exists and consequently Bailey Caravans
cannot enter into any discussions with the purchaser.
Bailey retailers sell our products of their own choice and not as agents. They are, therefore, unable to
bind Bailey Caravans Ltd or make any representation or undertaking whatsoever on behalf of Bailey
Caravans Ltd.
All Bailey products are classified as “portable”. All work under warranty requires that the caravan be
delivered to and collected from the Bailey retailer.
▲ Whilst every effort is made within this Handbook to accurately reflect and describe our
home market caravans (those purchased and stored on the mainland) our policy of
continued improvements and change in market and supply conditions mean that we reserve
the right to alter specifications without further notice. Some materials used in the production
of our caravans can result in variations to the figures quoted in respect of measurements
and weights.
© Copyright 2008 Bailey Caravans Limited.
1.3
WARRANTY COVER
Total customer satisfaction is top priority at Bailey and the quality ethos extends to the aftersales
service and manufacturer’s warranty that comes with every new Bailey touring caravan. In this way we
not only ensure long-term peace of mind but also enhance the resale value of your investment. This
cover is available at no extra cost to the customer.
1.3.1
6 Year Body Shell Integrity Guarantee
All Bailey products are covered by a six year Body Shell Integrity Guarantee. Cover extends to the
following items
Body Leaks & Delamination; water ingress through any permanently sealed seam and joints or
delamination of panels and floor, being part of the original manufacturer’s construction.
1.3.2
3 Year Manufacturers Warranty
For a period of 12 months from the date of purchase Bailey of Bristol offer a comprehensive warranty
on all parts and components as well as full coverage for any manufacturing faults.
The 2nd & 3rd year of cover extends to these items:
Chassis; all chassis members including outriggers.
Suspension; springs, hangers, shackle pins, bushes, shock absorbers and mountings.
Running Gear; axles, hubs, hub bearings, hub oil seals, road wheels (excluding tyres and tubes).
Braking Systems; all mechanical linkage, backing plates, actuators, drums and shoes, (Exclusions:
this warranty does not cover damage to brake drums, shoes or any faults caused through misuse of the
braking system or normal wear and tear).
Towing Mechanism; all mechanical components fitted to tourers (excluding electrics).
Cooker; the cooker unit including burners, grill, oven and flame failure device and igniter.
1-2
Introduction
1
Fridge; door seal, condenser, gas control valve, gas igniter, flame failure device, 12 and 230v heater
elements, gas thermostat, 230v thermostat, 230v temperature control switch.
Water System; water heater (gas or electric), fresh water tank, water pump, water gauges, taps and
shower head.
Auxiliary Electrics; mains hook-up input connector, ELCB, battery charger and distributor unit, interior
lighting units (excluding bulbs).
Cassette Toilet; the cassette toilet is covered (excluding seals, valves and glands).
Heating System; thermostat, motor, switches, control unit, gas heater, flame failure device, igniter
(excluding ducting and fittings).
An additional 4th, 5th and 6th year component warranty package is also available, please ask your
Bailey retailer for more information.
In the unusual event of something going wrong then your first contact should always be your supplying
retailer. Approved Bailey agents enjoy a first class after sales support service from the manufacturer
and they should be able to offer all the help you need to rectify any problems that may exist.
1.3.3
Terms and Conditions
The above offer is subject to the following conditions. The warranty agreement does not affect the
purchaser’s statutory rights.
The Bailey Warranty Cover is offered subject to the following simple conditions: 1. The duration of the Body Shell
Integrity Guarantee is 72 months from the date of purchase and the duration of the Manufacturers Warranty is 36
months from the date of purchase. 2. That an authorised Bailey Service Centre has carried out a full service,
including moisture survey, annually from the date of purchase as new (or within 6 weeks of each anniversary of
purchase). 3. This agreement is personal to the purchaser of the tourer as new from an authorised Bailey retailer
or authorised representative and is not transferable by way of assignment, novation or otherwise. 4. That the
seams and panels requiring repair are part of the original construction of the tourer and have not been tampered
with or repaired otherwise than by Bailey Caravans Limited or an authorised Bailey Service Centre. 5. That
original VAT invoices be retained as proof those annual inspections have been carried out. 6. That in the event of
any repairs being identified as being necessary during the course of an annual inspection the tourer is made
available to an authorised Bailey Service Centre or Bailey Caravans Limited within 6 weeks for the purpose of
carrying out the repair work. 7. No repairs, including the fitting of any replacement unit, may be undertaken or
commenced under the terms of the agreement unless authorisation is obtained by an authorised Bailey Service
Centre from Bailey Caravans Limited. No liability will exist with regard to any claims not authorised in this way. 8.
Bailey Caravans Limited reserve the right to examine the tourer before any repairs commence or any replacement
part fitted. 9. No liability will be accepted for damage caused by neglect, corrosion, intrusion of foreign or deleterious
matter, lack of servicing, over-heating, freezing or abuse or the continued use of the tourer after a fault has
become evident or for the consequential loss or damage to parts not covered by this agreement. 10. That tourers
covered by this agreement shall not be put out to hire, reward or any other commercial use in any timed competition
race. 11. That the tourer shall be used only for its ordinary and intended purpose and shall not be subjected to any
treatment or conditions which could reasonably be foreseen to cause or result in damage to the tourer or excessive
wear and tear. 12. That the tourer registration card shall have been sent to Bailey Caravans Limited within 6
weeks of its purchase as new. 13. That private cars, or 4x4 type vehicles substituting as private cars, shall have
only towed the tourer. 14. Bailey Caravans Limited’s liability under this agreement shall be limited to supplying
labour and materials of a value not exceeding £2,500 including VAT in respect of each claim or series of claims.
No liability arises out of this agreement for consequential costs or damage or for repair costs (other than labour
materials). 15. No liability will be accepted for any accidental or fire damage or any losses incurred by accident or
fire. 16. No liability will be accepted for transport costs to and from point of repair or consequential cost relating to
transportation. 17. No liability of any kind exists in respect of third parties or bodily injury.
1-3
1
1.4
Introduction
CARAVAN REGISTRATION AND IDENTIFICATION SCHEME (C.R.I.S)
This caravan has been security marked and recorded under the Caravan Registration and Identification
Scheme that is organised by the Caravan Industry.
Shortly after purchasing this caravan you should receive your Touring Caravan Registration Document.
It will be sent by post to your home address.
Your Touring Caravan Registration Document will include a 17 character V.I.N. (Vehicle Identification
Number), shown in the top right hand corner. This 17 character V.I.N. will be die stamped into the
caravan drawbar and chemically etched on up to a maximum of 10 eye level windows.
To protect yourself and your touring caravan, never leave the Registration Document in the caravan.
For security reasons keep it in a safe place.
If you sell the caravan please follow the instructions on the Touring Caravan Registration Document.
If you do not receive a Touring Caravan Registration Document, lose it, or any of the details recorded
are incorrect, please contact:
CRIS
Dolphin House
New Street
Salisbury
Wiltshire SP1 2TB
Tel: 01722 411430
1-4
Introduction
1.5
1
SAFETY
This handbook contains the information that you will require for safe enjoyment of your tourer. All of the
information contained herein is important. However to draw your attention to specific items we have
prefixed them with the following symbols to indicate a warning, caution or note respectively:
Warnings
are items that if ignored can cause the user(s) physical harm.
Cautions
are items that if ignored can result in the caravan becoming damaged.
Notes
are reminders that should be understood.
▲ To ensure all the occupants of your caravan enjoy a safe and relaxed environment please
observe the following
▲ Ensure all occupants are aware of their escape routes in the event of a fire.
▲ Always keep escape routes and exit points clear from obstruction and debris.
▲ Provide one dry powder fire extinguisher of an approved type or complying with ISO
7165 of at least 1kg capacity by the main door, and a fire blanket next to the cooker.
Familiarise yourself on your fire extinguisher and the local fire precaution arrangements.
▲
Ensure the caravan is serviced and maintained in accordance with this manual and the
appliance manufacturer’s recommendations. Also, that any replacement parts for an
appliance conform to the appliance manufacturer’s specifications and should be fitted by
them or an authorised agent.
▲ Your tourer is a compact living environment, and appliances should be treated in the
same way as those in the home to prevent any accidental burning scalding - keep young
children away from hot surfaces.
▲ Your tourer is supplied with a EN1645 approved caravan step. Always take care when
entering or exiting your tourer, ensuring that the step is securely located and safe before
use. Do not use a broken or damaged step.
▲ The torque setting of the caravan’s wheel bolts should be checked after the first 30 miles
after collection of the caravan from the retailer. Thereafter, the wheel bolts should be
checked before every journey. The torque settings and tightening sequence are detailed
on page 2-10 of this handbook.
▲ Never attempt to lift the tow hitch with your hands when hitching the caravan to the tow
vehicle or at any other time. Always raise or lower the tow hitch by winding the handle on
the jockey wheel.
▲ Always ensure that the green button located on the leading edge of the coupling head is
raised before towing.
1-5
1
1-6
Introduction
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2.1
2
INTRODUCTION
Choosing the right car and caravan combination for safe and stable towing is both an art and a science.
It may seem complicated to the newcomer, but a few minutes spent understanding the basic principles,
common terms and definitions in use will be worthwhile in ensuring your enjoyment of our product.
2.2
CARAVAN AND TOWING VEHICLE TERMS
Maximum technically permissible laden mass: As stated by the vehicle manufacturer. This mass
takes into account specific operating conditions including factors such as the strength of materials,
loading capacity of the tyres etc. It is the maximum that the caravan can weigh on the road.
▲ Under no circumstances should the maximum technically permissible laden mass of this
caravan be exceeded.
Mass in running order: Mass of the caravan equipped to the manufacturer’s standard specification.
User payload: The difference between the maximum technically permissible laden mass and the mass
in running order.
User Payload includes:-
Essential habitation equipment: Those items and fluids required for the safe and proper functioning of
the equipment for habitation as defined by the manufacturer of the caravan.
Personal effects: Those items which a user can choose to carry in a caravan and which are not included
as essential habitation equipment or operational equipment.
Optional equipment: Items made available by the manufacturer over and above the standard specification
for the caravan.
The masses relevant to your model of caravan can be found in the service handbook, page 6-8 to 6-11.
▲ Please take care to ensure that you have allowed for the masses of all items you intend to
carry in the caravan. E.g. optional equipment, essential habitation equipment and personal
effects such as clothing, food, bicycles, sailboard, sports equipment etc. The actual laden
mass of the caravan as towed should thus not exceed the maximum technically permissible
laden mass. The actual laden mass can be measured on a public weighbridge.
N.B. Beware weighbridges although regularly checked can give varying (inaccurate) results.
Nose Weight: That part of the weight of the caravan supported by the rear of the towing vehicle. This
is sometimes defined as the “static load at the coupling head”. The maximum nose weight for a caravan
will be limited by either the towing vehicle tow hitch limits or the maximum load to which the caravan
hitch is specified.
▲ The towing vehicle and towing hitch handbooks/manufacturers must be consulted for their
specification prior to towing.
▲ The maximum static nose weight for all Bailey caravans is 100Kg. This should never be
exceeded regardless of whether the towing vehicle’s upper limit is greater.
It is recommended that the nose weight should be varied to find the optimum for towing dependent
upon the actual laden weight of the caravan. Experience has shown that the nose weight should be
approximately 7% of the actual laden weight (i.e. between 50 and 100 kg).
2-1
2
2.2.1
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
Measurement of nose weight
Nose weight may be measured using a proprietary brand of nose weight indicator. Such equipment is
obtainable from your Bailey Dealer.
Another simple method is to use bathroom scales and a suitable piece of strong timber as a platform to
rest the tow hitch on. The timber can be placed vertically between the caravan tow hitch and the
bathroom scales. The timber should be of such length that when the caravan tow hitch is lowered onto
it, using the jockey wheel, the caravan floor is horizontal. The weight can then be measured. When
taking the measurement the jockey wheel should be raised and the corner steadies lowered until they
are just clear of the ground.
Kerb Weight: The weight of the towing vehicle as defined by the vehicle manufacturer.
This is normally: With a full tank of fuel
With an adequate supply of other liquids incidental to the vehicles propulsion
Without drivers or passengers
Without any load except loose tools and equipment with which the vehicle is normally
provided
Without any towing bracket
2.2.2
The caravan to towing vehicle weight ratio
This can be determined by calculation and is equal to:
actual laden mass of caravan
kerb weight of towing vehicle
x 100%
YES
As a general guide.
i.
ii.
Conventional petrol engines with a capacity
up to approximately 1600cc petrol or 1800cc
diesel should be adequate for towing a
caravan weighing around 85% of the kerb
weight of the towing vehicle.
85%
NO
Above 1600cc petrol or 1800cc diesel such
engines should manage a caravan weighing
up to 100% of the kerb weight of the towing
vehicle and still give adequate performance.
The towing vehicle manufacturer’s towing limit is,
in some cases, less than the kerb weight.
Vehicles with automatic transmission may need an
oil cooler fitted or the SAE rating of the gearbox
fluid increased when towing. The advice of the
vehicle manufacturer should be sought.
MAYBE
EQUAL
The law requires that caravans & their towing vehicles & the loads they carry must be in such a condition
that no danger or nuisance is caused. (Regulation 100 of the Road Vehicles [Construction and Use]
Regulations 1986).
2.2.3
Towing vehicle’s rear suspension
It is important that the towing vehicle’s rear suspension is not deflected excessively by the noseweight
on the tow ball. If it is excessive the steering and stability will be affected and at night the headlight
beam is likely to dazzle other drivers which is illegal.
2-2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
The greater the towing vehicle’s tail overhang (the distance between the rear axle and the tow ball) the
greater the effect the noseweight will have on the towing vehicle’s rear suspension.
After trying out the caravan it may be found that stiffening of the rear suspension is necessary - but note
that this may give the towing vehicle a firmer ride when not towing.
There are a number of suspension aids available and advice should be sought on which to use and
how to fit.
It is important to ensure that the caravan is towed either level or slightly nose down. If it is not, then the
car’s towbar may be at the wrong height.
▲ Always consult your tow vehicle manufacturer for advice on towing and the loads that the
vehicle is capable of towing.
2.2.4
Recommended tow ball height
The recommended tow ball height for Bailey Caravans is 415 +/- 35mm (i.e. between 380mm and
450mm).
2.2.5
Secondary braking cable (Break away device)
Purpose - To apply a trailer’s brakes if it becomes separated from its towing vehicle. Having done this,
the cable assembly is designed to part, allowing the trailer to come to a halt away from the towing
vehicle.
Construction - A thin steel cable, coated in red plastic, and fitted with a means of attachment for
connection to the towing vehicle.
Operation - In the event of the main coupling of the trailer separating from the towing vehicle, the cable
should be able to pull tight, without any hindrance, engaging the trailer’s brakes.
▲ The breakaway cable should never become taut during normal use.
Correct procedure for use:
●
Regularly check the cable and clip for damage. If in doubt, contact your trailer or towbar supplier or
your service agent.
●
Make sure the cable runs as straight as possible and goes through a cable guide underneath the
trailer coupling.
●
Determine whether or not the towbar has a designated attachment point (i.e. a part specifically
designated by its manufacturer for a breakaway cable).
Fig a
Where a designated attachment point is provided on the
towbar:
Pass the cable through the attachment point and clip it back on itself
(Fig a).
2-3
2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
Where no designated
attachment point has been
provided on the towbar:
Fig b
Fig c
Fixed ball - Loop the cable around
the neck of the towball. If you fit the
cable like this, use a single loop only.
See Figs. b and c.
Detachable ball - You must seek
guidance on procedure from the
towbar manufacturer or supplier.
Other means of attachment:
In some instances it may be possible to attach the cable assembly:
Either:
a) to a permanent part of the towbar structure, as long as this meets the approval of the towbar
manufacturer/supplier,
Or:
b) to an accessory sold for the specific purpose of breakaway cable attachment.
When the breakaway cable is attached, check to ensure:
a) that the cable cannot snag in use on the trailer coupling head, jockey wheel, or any accessory, e.g.
a stabiliser, bumper shield, cycle carrier, etc.
b) that there is sufficient slack in the cable to allow the towing vehicle and trailer to articulate fully
without the cable ever becoming taut and applying the brakes.
▲ For peace of mind you might wish to check the state of the cable by positioning the trailer
and towing vehicle at extreme angles before setting off.
c) that it is not so slack that it can drag on the ground. If left loose, the cable may scrape along the
ground and be weakened so that it subsequently fails to do its job. The cable may also be caught on
an obstacle when in motion thus engaging the trailer brakes prematurely.
Having followed this advice, should you feel that a satisfactory coupling arrangement cannot be achieved,
consult your trailer or towbar supplier or service agent.
▲ It is a legal requirement that the secondary break away cable is used when towing.
2.2.6
Loading and distribution of weight in the caravan and car
Equipment and personal effects should be loaded in the caravan so that any heavy items are low down
near the floor and mainly over the axle(s).
The remainder should be distributed to give a suitable noseweight at the towing coupling (see illustration).
It should be noted that with certain layouts or models it may be necessary to load heavy items, such as
awnings in the middle of the floor to achieve an acceptable and safe nose weight. It may not be possible
to achieve the desired nose weight with all items stored ‘out of sight’ in lockers and bed boxes (bunks).
2-4
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
▲ Always load the caravan in such a way that maximises towing safety.
Incorrect caravan loading and/or overloading of the
towing vehicles rear suspension will also result in
poor towing stability.
The weight should be distributed so that each side
of the caravan carries, approximately, the same
load.
▲ Please take care that you have
allowed for the weight of all items you
intend to load into the caravan.
2.2.7
MEDIUM
ITEMS
HEAVY
ITEMS
INCORRECT
Noseweight
It is recommended that the noseweight should be
varied to find the optimum for towing dependent
upon the actual laden weight of the caravan.
Experience has shown that the noseweight should
be approximately 7% of the actual laden weight
(i.e. between 50 and 100kg). However, this may
be limited by the towing vehicle or caravan
manufacturer’s limit noseweight. Check with the
car and caravan handbook, or consult your retailer.
The upper limit for the caravan coupling head is
100kg.
2.2.8
LIGHT
ITEMS
INCORRECT
CORRECT
Hitching up
Before hitching up always check the following:
1.
All wheel bolts are tightened to the correct
torque. For alloy wheels the wheel bolts
should be tightened to a torque of 110Nm
(Newton Metres), for steel wheels the wheel
bolts should be tightened to a torque of
88Nm.
2.
Inspect all wheels and tyres for signs of
deterioration or damage.
3.
Tyre pressures are correct according to the
service handbook (remember to check the
spare as well)
4.
Ensure all loose articles are stowed securely
▲ Do not store heavy items in roof
lockers. Televisions and other heavy
items must always be secured at floor
level when towing.
2-5
2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
5.
All lockers and cupboard doors are closed and
secured
6.
All bunks are secure
7.
All rooflights, extractor fans and sunroofs are
closed and secured
8.
Tables are securely stored in their transit
positions
9.
Fridge is on 12v operation and door lock is set
(if required)
10.
All windows are fully closed and latched. Never
tow with windows on night setting. Leave all
curtains and blinds open to aid rear visibility
11.
Gas cylinders are correctly positioned, secured
and turned off, the gas box is shut and locked
▲ Ensure no loose items are stored in the
gas box and it is not ‘overstuffed’ with
equipment, as this may cause impact
damage to the inside of the front panel.
12.
Battery strap is connected and the battery is
secure
13.
All external doors, flaps and ventilation ducts
are closed and secure with their relevant covers
in place.
▲ Before commencing any journey always ensure that the REMItop rooflight is closed and
both handles are securely fastened.
▲ All gas appliances and the gas bottles must be turned off whilst towing
▲ It is recommended that a minimum of 2 people work together when hitching up the caravan
to the tow vehicle.
2.2.9
Hitching the caravan to the tow vehicle
Ensure that the caravan is in a suitable position, and secure with the handbrake fully on.
Fully raise all four corner steadies.
Shut and lock the caravan exterior.
Gauge the height of the car’s tow ball then raise or lower the height of the caravan’s towing hitch to
ensure that it is high enough to pass over it cleanly and not hit the tow ball. Rotating the caravans
jockey wheel handle can do this. Clockwise to lower, Anti-clockwise to raise.
The assistant should position themselves by the front near side of the caravan so that they can extend
an arm horizontally to indicate the position of the caravan’s towing hitch.
Remove car’s tow ball cover and keep it in a secure place in the car.
Slowly reverse the towing vehicle towards the caravan.
▲ When reversing the towing vehicle towards the caravan always ensure that any
pedestrians and your assistant are visible at all times.
When reversing aim the tow ball of the car directly at the caravan towing hitch.
When the car’s tow ball is as close to the caravan’s towing hitch as possible fully apply the car’s
handbrake, turn off the engine and leave the car in first gear (Park or ‘P’ Position for Automatics).
2-6
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
The final positioning should be carried out by manoeuvring the caravan by hand.
Carefully release the caravan handbrake.
Manoeuvre the caravan by hand to position the caravan’s tow hitch directly over the car’s tow ball.
▲ Always manoeuvre the caravan by pushing /pulling on the grab handles only. Not the
body panels. When the caravan is in the correct position fully apply the handbrake.
Raise the handle on the caravan tow hitch until it clicks and remains at an angle.
Rotate the jockey wheel handle
clockwise to lower the caravan
hitch onto the car’s tow ball. When
the tow hitch clicks and the handle
drops to the horizontal position it is
engaged. The hitch head is fitted
with a visual indicator on the front
radius to show whether or not it is
properly connected to the tow ball.
A green band will show immediately
AK160 Hitch
below the red indicator button on
the hitch head when a proper connection has been made.
AK300 Hitch
Connect secondary braking cable as per the instructions in the
previous section.
Test that the hitch is now fully engaged by slightly raising caravan
hitch from car tow ball by winding the jockey wheel handle anticlockwise. The hitch should not release from the car tow ball.
Only raise the rear of the car enough to check the hitch is fully
engaged.
Turn jockey wheel winding handle to lower caravan. When the wheel is fully retracted, release the
clamp and raise the jockey wheel to its travel position.
Once the jockey wheel is at its
travel position and the wheel is
located in the recess in the hitch
cover tighten clamp again.
Depending on the age of your
caravan it will be fitted with either
dual 7 pin connection leads (one
grey and one black) or a single 13
pin connector. If the receiving
sockets on the car do not match the
lead on the caravan then an
adaptor will be required.
In both cases connect the relevant
leads ensuring there is enough
loose cable for cornering, but not
too much which can drag on the
ground.
Dual 7 pin connection
Check all car and caravan road
lights are working and the operation of the brake lights.
Single 13 pin connection
2-7
2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
Pick up any levelling pads or levelling boards.
Check round the caravan for anything left behind.
Fully release the caravan’s handbrake.
Carry out a second check that the hitch is secure and the secondary braking cable is connected.
Adjust all of the car’s driving mirrors from driving seat to ensure good rear wards visibility.
2.3
TOWING
2.3.1
Speed limits
Where a lower limit is not in force, caravans may be towed at up to a maximum of 50 mph on single
carriageways or 60 mph on dual carriageways and motorways.
2.3.2
Pulling away
Allow more engine speed to produce the power to move the additional weight of the caravan.
Let the clutch out smoothly.
Avoid wear and tear on the clutch and transmission by taking extra care.
Change gears smoothly.
Try not to jerk the clutch.
2.3.3
Caravan handling
Allow for the caravan being slightly wider than the car.
Allow additional distance from the kerb with caravan wheels so that they are not ‘bumped’.
When passing other vehicles allow more than the normal clearance for driving solo.
Overtaking and stopping distances are increased when you are towing.
Always indicate in plenty of time before carrying out any manoeuvre.
Allow longer to accelerate up speed prior to overtaking.
Allow for the vehicle being twice its normal length.
Do not suddenly swing out.
Carry out all manoeuvres as smoothly as possible.
Use nearside wing mirror to check caravan has cleared when overtaking.
2.3.4
Reversing
Proficiency at reversing can only be achieved with practice and should be first attempted in a large
open area. Consider taking a suitable training course.
2.3.5
Motorway driving
Caravans may not be towed in the outside lane of a three or four lane motorway. (Reg. 12(2) of the
Motorway Traffic [England and Wales] Regulations 1982).
2-8
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
Reduce speed in high winds, cross winds, downhill or in poor visibility.
High sided vehicles such as lorries or coaches can cause air buffeting, so extra care must be taken
when passing or being passed. Give as much space as is possible between your caravan and the high
sided vehicle.
2.3.6
Mirrors
The Law requires the driver of the towing vehicle to have an adequate view to the rear.
If there is no rear view through the caravan windows it may be necessary to have additional exterior
towing mirrors fitted to provide a view along both sides of the caravan. In some countries these additional
mirrors are a legal requirement.
Any rear view mirror must not project more than 200mm outside...
* the width of the caravan when being towed
* the width of the towing vehicle when driven solo
Any additional rear view mirror fitted shall be of an approved European type and cover the field of view
as stipulated by the regulations.
2.3.7
Passengers
▲ Passengers are forbidden to ride in a caravan at any time.
2.3.8
Snaking
This is a term used to denote an unstable car and caravan combination where the caravan ‘weaves’
from side to side often causing a similar swaying movement in the car itself. Possible causes are:
i.
Insufficient tyre pressures on either caravan or tow vehicle.
ii.
Tow vehicle too light or otherwise unsuitable.
iii.
Incorrect loading or weight distribution.
iv.
Excessive speed especially downhill.
v.
Side winds.
vi.
Overtaking.
vii. Being overtaken by a high-sided vehicle.
viii. Erratic driving.
ix.
Mixing radial and cross ply tyres.
x.
Nose of caravan is towing too high.
xi.
Insufficient noseweight.
For best stability aim at an 85% ratio of weights (see page 2-2).
2-9
2
2.3.9
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
Stabilisers
A stabiliser should never be used to try to improve a caravan/towing vehicle combination that has poor
stability as instability may appear at higher speed.
However, a good stabiliser can make an acceptable caravan/towing vehicle combination more
comfortable and easier to handle.
▲ Holes should not be drilled in either the coupling head or ‘A’ Frame members without prior
consultation with the chassis manufacturers.
If you do find your outfit snaking, try to keep the steering wheel in a central position as far as possible,
slow down gently and avoid braking if possible.
2.3.10 Road lighting
12N (BLACK)
For your information the wiring
diagrams for the two 7-pin 12N
(black) and 12S (grey) connectors
plus that of the single 13 pin (black)
connector are shown.
TERMINAL
1
6
7
3
4
The tyres fitted by Bailey Caravans
are suitable for towing at sustained
speeds of up to 81 mph (130 kph) to
allow for use in countries which permit
this speed.
L/H INDICATOR
BLUE
REAR FOG LAMP
3
WHITE
COMMON RETURN
(EARTH)
4
GREEN
R/H INDICATOR
5
BROWN
R/H SIDE TAIL
6
RED
STOP LAMP
7
BLACK
L/H SIDE TAIL
12S (GREY)
TERMINAL
1
6
2
7
3
5
4
TUBES
PINS
2.3.11 Types of tyres fitted
YELLOW
2
2
5
All caravans manufactured after 1st
September 2008 will be fitted with a
single 13 pin lead. Where the
connector for the car does not match
that of the caravan an adaptor or
replacement cable will be required.
Please ask your supplying retailer for
more information.
COLOUR FUNCTION
1
COLOUR FUNCTION
1
YELLOW
REVERSING LIGHT
2
BLUE
NO CONNECTION
3
WHITE
COMMON RETURN
(EXCEPT FRIDGE)
4
GREEN
INTERIOR
5
BROWN
NO CONNECTION
6
RED
FRIDGE
7
BLACK
RETURN FOR FRIDGE
ONLY
7 pin connectors
8
9
7
10
6
1
Radial and cross ply tyres should
4
2
5
never be mixed. It is dangerous and
12
13
can cause snaking. Fit only tyres that
3
are of the identical specification on
each side.
13 pin connector
11
KEY:
1 Left-hand direction indicator light
2 Rear fog light
3 Common return for core
Nos. 1, 2 and 4 to 8
4 Right-hand direction
indicator light
5 Right-hand rear position
and marker lights, and rear
registration-plate
illumination device
6 Stop lights
7 Left-hand rear position
and marker lights, and
rear registration-plate
illumination device
8 Reversing light
9 Continuous power supply
10 Power supply controlled
by ignition switch
11 Return for core No. 10
12 Coding for coupled trailer
13 Return for core No. 9
14 No allocation
2.3.12 Tyre Wear and Damage
The legal requirements for tread depth (1.6mm) on motor vehicles apply also to caravans.
In order to equalise wear it is suggested that wheels be balanced and changed around from time to
time. When caravans are not in use for extended periods, wheels and tyres should be removed and
stored in dry conditions and away from the outside elements. Alternatively caravans should be jacked
up to relieve the load from the tyres.
It is dangerous to neglect tyre damage. Should you detect a blister, rupture or cut exposing the casing,
or if it has suffered a violent impact (for example against a kerb), such that there is a risk of internal
damage, it is advisable to have it examined by a tyre specialist as soon as possible.
▲ The caravan industry recommends that, for safety reasons tyres more than 7 years old
from the date of manufacture be replaced, but preferably replaced at 4 years old. The
tyres may have deteriorated by this time, regardless of tread depth.
2-10
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
The cleaning of tyres should only be carried out using soap and water. Petrol, diesel, paraffin and other
solvents are not suitable.
If the caravan is not used for long periods of time (winter months) it is recommended that the wheels/
tyres are removed and stored at normal inflation pressure in a cool, dry place protected from direct
sunlight, sources of heat, ozone concentrations and fuel/oil contamination. They can be covered with a
natural material (e.g. Hessian) for protection but not plastic materials. This will reduce the deterioration
of the tyres and reduce cracking and flat spots caused by continuous loading and external conditions.
If it is not practical to remove the wheels it is recommended to routinely rotate the wheels to reduce the
potential of cracking, flat spots etc.
▲ Check with your insurance company that you are still covered when wheels are
removed.
2.3.13 Tyre pressures
Caravan tyres should be at the pressure
recommended in the Service Handbook, pages
8-10. The towing vehicle tyres must be at the
pressures recommended for towing or heavy
loading. Towing stability may otherwise be affected.
Check all pressures only when tyres are cold.
▲ Always check your caravan and tow
vehicle tyre pressures when cold and
prior to any journey. Also check tyre
condition for blisters, ruptures or cuts
exposing the casing and any damage
to the wheel (violent impact / kerb damage) before/after any journey. (Inclusive of spare).
If in doubt it is advisable to have it examined by a tyre specialist as soon as possible.
Incorrect tyre pressures can seriously effect towed vehicle performance and the longevity
of the tyre.
Consult your tow vehicle manufacture for the correct tow vehicle tyre pressures for towing.
2.3.14 Wheels
Caravan wheel bolts must always only be tightened to the appropriate setting by tightening each opposite
fixing in succession to the correct torque. Always use a calibrated torque wrench. Do not use a corner
steady brace, power or electric wrench. It is as
dangerous to overtighten wheel bolts as it is to not
tighten them sufficiently.
▲ The torque settings should be checked
after the first 50 km/30 miles (see page
4-38). For alloy wheels the wheel bolts
should be tightened to a torque of
110Nm (Newton Metres), for steel
wheels the wheel bolts should be
tightened to a torque of 88Nm.
2-11
2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
The condition of wheels should be checked regularly particularly for distortion of flanges and the wheel
dish. Wheels damaged or distorted, or having the wheel bolt seating cracked or deformed must not be
repaired.
If a wheel or tyre has to be changed it should be of the same type of construction and size as originally
fitted.
▲ Only use a spare wheel and tyre recommended by Bailey Caravans, which should be of
the same specification as those fitted to the caravan.
▲ Always ensure mating surfaces and bolt seating areas are clean and dry. Wheel bolts
should never be lubricated.
2.3.15 Spare Wheels
Pageant and Senator models are fitted with an ALKO Kober spare wheel carrier together with a wheel
and tyre as standard equipment. This is located just behind the caravan axle underneath the caravan.
To remove the spare wheel and tyre first extract the split pin on the end of the securing chain, completely
remove the large black plastic nut that hold the assembly onto the chassis member. Lift the curved
ends of the carrier out of the chassis member and lower the carrier to the ground. The carrier assembly
can then slide out so that the tyre is clear of the chassis member and from there the nut securing the
wheel to the carrier frame can be undone and the spare wheel and tyre removed. In some instances it
may be necessary to raise the caravan using a jack to make it easier to remove the spare wheel from
the carrier.
We strongly recommend that you familiarise yourself with this assembly and its operation.
▲ Alloy wheel bolts used on a steel spare wheel should be torqued to the same settings.
▲ Always ensure that the spare wheel carrier’s black plastic nut is fully tightened and the
split pin in place before towing.
Ranger and Discovery models have dedicated spare wheel and tyre storage area in the nearside of the
gas bottle box. Please note that a spare wheel and tyre is not supplied as standard equipment and is
available to purchase from your caravan retailer.
To fit a spare wheel and tyre in the dedicated recess the centre gas bottle will need to be removed.
▲ Always ensure that the sparewheel and tyre is secure before towing.
2.3.16 Changing a Wheel
i.
For Ranger and Discovery caravans the optional spare wheel is located in the front gas box. For
Pageant and Senator caravans the spare wheel is located in a dedicated chassis mounted carrier.
▲ Please note the centre gas bottle will need to be removed to extract the spare wheel for
these models.
ii.
2-12
Always ensure that the tow vehicle and caravan are in a safe position before attempting to change
the caravan’s wheel. We recommend leaving the caravan hitched to the tow vehicle when changing
the caravan’s wheel. The tow vehicle should be left in gear (or ‘P’/Park for an automatic) with the
handbrake on both the car and caravan fully applied.
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2
iii.
Lower the corner steadies as a safety measure to stabilise the caravan. Chock the un-punctured
wheel on the opposite side of the caravan to prevent any movement.
iv.
Slacken off the wheel bolts by no more than one quarter of a turn on the wheel that requires
changing. Do not fully undo them.
v.
Place the jack plate under the axle tube as near as possible to the main longitudinal member.
Where AL-KO Jack Brackets are fitted only use either an AL-KO Side Lift or Scissor Jack.
vi.
Jack up the caravan until the wheel for removal is just off the ground.
vii. Remove the wheel nuts and remove the wheel.
viii. Fit the spare wheel, then reverse the above procedure. Ensure that the wheel bolts are all fitted,
and tightened in the correct sequence to the right torque (see page 2-11 for tightening sequence
and torque setting).
ix.
Remember to tighten all bolts to the correct torque and re-check after 50kms/30 miles.
▲ Under no circumstances should the corner steadies be used as a jack they are only a
means of stabilising the caravan.
2.3.17 Unhitching
Do not pitch in a position in which your outfit will obstruct other people.
Try to choose an area that is dry, reasonably level and preferably with a hard base.
If you have no alternative but to pitch on a slope ensure that, for when you leave, you are facing down
the slope.
It is good practice to chock the wheels of the caravan when parked on a slope even though the caravan
brakes are applied.
Fully apply the caravan handbrake.
Unclamp and lower the jockey wheel to the ground.
Re-clamp it in this position. Operate the button on the hitch head and move the handle forward to
release the mechanism. Operate the jockey wheel handle until the coupling head is clear of the towing
ball.
▲ Serious damage will occur unless the button is depressed first and the handle lifted forward
before the caravan is lifted manually. This prevents the noseweight being transmitted
through the button.
Re-clamp jockey wheel if necessary.
Disconnect the secondary braking cable.
Disconnect the two 7 pin plugs and return them to their holders.
Replace towball cover.
Park your vehicle alongside the caravan on the offside.
2-13
2
Caravan & Tow Vehicle
2.3.18 Levelling the caravan
Levelling must be carried out in both directions in order
for the refrigerator and other equipment to function
correctly.
The positioning of the jockey wheel can be used to
help level the caravan.
Lower the corner steadies until they are in firm contact
with the ground.
▲ Under no circumstances should the
corner steadies be used as a jack as they are only a means of stabilising the caravan.
Levelling pads or boards should be used under the steadies where the ground is soft or uneven.
▲ In extreme cases where it is necessary to raise a wheel off the ground for levelling purposes,
further adequate support should be applied under the wheel so that the corner steadies
do not take any undue strain.
2.3.19 Towing brackets
All tow cars registered since 1 August 1998 must be fitted with a European type-approved towing
bracket, by law. It is recommended that other cars not affected by this law use only towing brackets
designed and tested to British Standard BS (AU) 114b, or ISO 3853.
2.3.20 Driving licences
A driver passing a test after 1 January 1997 is restricted to a car/caravan combination not exceeding
3500kg maximum laden weight, and where the maximum loaded weight of the caravan does not exceed
the unladen weight of the car. New drivers outside these rules will need to take an additional driving
test. Existing drivers who passed a test before 1 January 1997 are not affected.
2-14
Caravan Service Systems
3.1
THE WATER SYSTEM
3.1.1
Water Supply
3
All models are supplied with a 12 volt submersible pump, controlled by a pressure switch. The water
inlet is located in the off-side exterior wall, protected by a lift up lid.
3.1.2
The Submersible Pump
(Discovery & Ranger)
Operation
Ultraflow Compact
● Raise the lid, clean both the water socket and the
plug of the pump assembly.
● Plug the pump connector into the socket. Turn the
top security clip anti-clockwise and the bottom
security clip clockwise to lock the plug into place.
● Place the pump into the water container, ensuring
that it is fully submerged before operating the
system. A dust cover is available to stop
contaminates falling into the water container.
● To remove the pump assembly from the Crystal
Compact Housing, release the security clips and
pull the hose adaptor by using the finger grips
provided.
● To remove the pump assembly, raise the lid to
clear the plug shoulder from the lid recess, hold
the pump at the plug whilst retracting it from the
socket.
▲ Do not remove by pulling the hose or
electric cable.
3-1
3
Caravan Service Systems
3.1.3 Whale Smartflo On Board
Pump (Pageant & Senator)
SENATOR CONFIGURATION
PUMP
Operation
Valves:
Both the manual valves included in this
system must be positioned appropriately
(fig 1-3) when switching between the
three functions of the water system; using
an external water supply, filling the
onboard tank and using the onboard
tank.
3.1.4 Priming the System using
the External Water Container
(Pageant & Senator)
1.
Position the valves as shown in fig.
1 (Senator configuration only).
2.
Adjust dust cover over water
container opening (please note dust
cover should not be secured to
water container as air must be
allowed to enter container to replace
water being drawn out).
3.
Open one cold tap (e.g. kitchen
sink).
4.
Place carbon filter assembled to
hose, into a full water container.
5.
Insert plug into wall socket and close
lid to lock plug in place (see fig. 5).
6.
Switch on 12 volt supply at main
control panel located by the exterior
door.
7.
Water will flow from the open tap
expelling any trapped air in a few
seconds. The water may at first be
greyish in colour which is quite
normal, the discolouration is due to
harmless media being flushed out
of the new filter cartridge.
8.
Close cold tap and open hot tap to
expel any remaining air in the water
heater (this may take up to 30
seconds). Then repeat this exercise
with the remaining taps in the
caravan.
3-2
VALVES
TANK
Fig. 1 Using an external water supply
Fig. 3 Using the onboard tank
Fig. 2 Filling the onboard tank
Fig. 4 Winterising
PAGEANT CONFIGURATION
Caravan Service Systems
9.
The system is now ready for use.
Hose can be inserted into plug
groove (fig. 6) to keep filter off the
ground while refilling water
container. Keep socket lid shut at all
times when plug is removed.
WALL
SOCKET
10. When the caravan is left unattended
or water supply has been allowed
to empty to prevent the pump
running continuously, turn off at
isolating switch.
11. Care should be taken when turning
on any of the hot taps after the water
heater has been switched on as
steam can spurt from the tap whilst
the hot water system is filling.
3
CARBON
FILTER
Fig. 5
DUST
COVER
Fig. 6
3-3
3
3.1.5
Caravan Service Systems
Troubleshooting (Pageant & Senator)
FAULT
CAUSE
SOLUTION
Pump doesn’t run
No power to pump
Check power supply
Attach leads/clean corrections
Check tap microswitch if present.
Fuse has blown
Replace fuse do not exceed recommended fuse size.
Blockage in pipework
Check pipework for kinks.
No water getting to pump
Check water tank is not empty.
Check filter is not blocked.
Pump runs but no water
appears
Remove each valve lever, tighten the nut located below the
valve lever and replace the lever.
Check all connections from tank to inlet of pump are secure,
any air leaks will prevent prime. To test for air leaks hold
showerhead underwater and operate pump. If air bubbles are
visible coming from the showerhead an air leak is present.
Pump runs but will not
switch off
Water leaking at outlet
side of pump
Check pipework/fittings for leaks and repair.
Check system drain plugs are closed.
Water leaking at outlet
side of pump
Check pipework/fittings for leaks and repair.
Check system drain plugs are closed.
No water
Check water supply level.
Check and replace filter if clogged.
Pump cycles on and off Water leaking at outlet
periodically when all the side of pump
taps are closed. (Normal
with partially opened tap)
Check pipework/fittings for leaks and repair.
Check system drain plugs are closed.
Pump cycles on and off
excessively when tap/s
are open
Excessive back
pressure
Check pipework for kinks and filters etc., are clear.
Check shower rose/taps for blockages and repair.
Noisy operation
Pump drawing air
See cause ‘No water getting to the pump’.
Noise created by
vibration
Check pump is secured to solid surface.
Check pump body is clear of hard surfaces.
Locate away from interfering surfaces.
Check pipework is securely supported.
Bore of pipework/
connections too small
Check for kinks in pipework.
Check pipework is not blocked.
Power supply to the
pump
Check battery is not discharged.
Pipework/connections
crushed due to
overtightened jubilee
clips
Replace damaged connections.
Water leaking at outlet
side of pump
Check pipework/fittings for leaks and repair.
Check system drain plugs are closed.
Pump internal filter
clogged (if present)
Remove fitting connected to pump inlet, using point nosed
pliers remove cylindrical filter mesh from inside pump inlet.
Clean and refit filter and plumbing.
Low flow
3-4
Caravan Service Systems
3.1.6
3
Routine Maintenance
● Ensure the hose adapter ‘O’ ring and the socket in the housing are kept free from dirt.
● Use only silicone or water based lubricant to inlet nipple ‘O’ rings on socket for lubrication.
● Drain system thoroughly during the winter months, (see separate winterisation instructions).
● Service inlet socket annually, (use Whale’s AK8834 service kit containing all serviceable parts).
● Change Aquasource Inline filter (on Pageant only) once per season positioned beneath kitchen
tap.
3.1.7
Cleaning Containers and the System
● Cleaning instructions for both water containers and the water system are detailed in general
maintenance section of the handbook.
3.1.8
Pressure switch (Discovery & Ranger)
Operation
The pressure switch detects the opening or closing of any tap in the system and switches the pump on
or off accordingly.
At normal flow rate the pump should operate continuously - but at low flow rates the pressure switch will
cycle on and off to maintain back pressure in the pipework.
3.1.9
Adjusting Pressure Switch (Discovery & Ranger)
If the battery voltage is not constant, cycling may occur even at higher flow rates. This can be minimised
by adjusting the switch’s diaphragm sensitivity as follows:
● With the system properly primed, close all taps and showers.
● Leave the power supply turned on.
● Tighten the adjusting screw (clockwise). The pump should now be running.
● Partly open one cold tap to allow water to flow.
● Now slowly loosen the adjusting screw until the switch starts to click. The switch will then be properly
adjusted.
3.1.10 Onboard water supply (Senator only)
This is located under the chest of drawers at the front of the caravan.
Firstly ensure that the drain tap, located on the front offside of the caravan, is shut.
To fill, place the carbon filter assembly hose inside a filled water container before inserting the plug in
the caravan wall socket.
The capacity of the inboard water tank is approximately 42 litres (9.2 gallons)
Water can now be obtained from the in-board tank by switching pump switch on the control panel and
opening the appropriate valves (as per fig. 3 on page 3-2).
An LED located on the main control panel will flash on and off when the onboard tank water level falls
to approximately 2 gallons.
Always ensure that the in board water tank is empty when towing.
3-5
3
Caravan Service Systems
3.1.11 Aquasource Direct Mains Water Connection
(This is not included as standard equipment, but is available from your nearest Bailey retailer).
● The Aquasource fits simply and securely to your Whale socket system.
● Comes with 7.5m of foodgrade layflat hose, which is compact for storage. (A further 7.5m extension
hose is available as an optional extra to extend the hose).
● The system is pressure controlled to 1bar to protect your caravan from flooding and sustaining
damage to your water system. (Plumbing connections should be checked at the beginning of every
season for frost damage or loose connections).
● A Free Parks Directory listing all parks throughout the UK; where you can use the Aquasource.
▲ When using an Aquasource system, do not sleep or leave the vehicle unattended without
turning off the mains tap.
3.1.12 Draining and Winterisation of the Water System
Caravans may be in use all year round, but when not in use, even for short periods, this procedure
should be followed. One night of freezing temperatures is all that is required for expensive, permanent
damage to water system components.
● Open all taps, shower controls and shower rose on/off controls, lift ceramic ball mixer tap levers in
central position to allow both the hot and cold water to drain.
● Remove shower heads
a) To remove shower heads, unscrew by hand, then shake out and store in a dry place.)
● Disconnect flexible hose from bottom of filter connection to drain thoroughly. (Pageant only).
● The submersible pump should be shaken out and stored in a dry place.
● Open drain plug on water heater.
▲ It is essential that the lever of ceramic ball mixer taps is fully raised and in the central
position. Failure to do this will not allow both the hot and cold water system to fully drain
and will result in frost damage.
3.1.13 Setting up the Water System
● Refit old filters:
a) Check all plumbing connections.
b) It is recommended at this point to sterilise your water container and flush the system through with
a sterilising fluid.
● Renew old filter after flushing system through. It is also recommended that the water system is
checked during annual service. (Pageant only).
▲ Frost damage cannot be claimed under warranty.
3.1.14 Shower tray
The shower tray cannot be expected to drain fully, some residual water may remain which will require
“mopping up”.
3-6
Caravan Service Systems
3
3.1.15 Waste (Grey)
Water System
The waste water (often
referred to as ‘grey’ water)
from the caravan’s sinks and
shower tray are routed to two
outlets just behind the offside
wheel.
When setting up your caravan
short pieces of waste pipe
hose should be fitted to the
wastewater outlets to direct
the water into a suitable
container. These are both
available from your caravan
retailer.
▲ Ensure that the exit ends of the waste water pipes, that direct the waste water into the
holding container, cannot be submerged by the waste water in the holding container at
any time.
Upon arrival at the caravan site advice should always be sought from the site manager as to where
waste (Grey) water is to be disposed of.
3.2
THE GAS SYSTEM
All gas appliances fitted to your Bailey caravan are suitable for operation on both Butane and Propane
without the need for adjustment.
3.2.1
General information
Gas Cylinders: Bottled Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) is the most convenient portable source of fuel for
your caravan.
Cylinders are available in the following sizes:
Calor Gas = 3.9kg, 4.5kg, 6kg & 7kg.
BP Gaslight = 5kg & 10kg.
All sizes will fit into your gas box.
▲ Never allow modifications of the electrical or Liquid Petroleum Gas systems and appliances
except by qualified persons.
▲ Never use portable cooking or heating equipment, other than electric heaters that are not
direct radiant type, as it is a fire and asphyxiation hazard.
3-7
3
3.2.2
Caravan Service Systems
Types of gas
● Butane
Butane is supplied in the UK in Green or Blue bottles.
Continental bottles usually have a male left hand thread similar to but not identical with UK Butane.
Butane is suitable for use at temperatures down to 2°C but will not work below that temperature.
● Propane
Propane is supplied in red, or partly red bottles that have a female left hand threaded connector.
Scandinavian countries use the same connector.
Germany or Austria supply Propane with a male connection.
Propane will work at temperatures as low as -40°C and is therefore suitable for all winter caravanning.
Make sure that heating, cooking appliances and gas cylinders are
switched off before you move the caravan.
All gas appliances in your tourer can have their gas supply
individually isolated by turning off the relevant tap. The tap is either
located on the centrally positioned gas manifold or directly beside
the appliance.
Regularly check flexible gas hose, joints and connections for
tightness.
Finally make sure that each gas appliance is working efficiently to
the recommendations of the appliance manufacturers.
The regulator is a governing device which adapts the bottle pressure
to one that suits the equipment in the caravan.
▲ Some industrial LPG appliances operate at high pressure and require a ‘high pressure’
regulator. This often has an adjusting handle on it. Never use such a regulator on a
caravan.
Propane and Butane gas regulators are not interchangeable.
● Always ensure that the gas system is inspected/maintained every 12 months.
● In the event of a fire ensure all occupants evacuate the caravan via the nearest escape route.
● If it is safe to do so turn off the yellow isolating valve located in the gas box directly below the
regulator.
● If you suspect a gas leak then immediately turn off the supply of gas at the yellow isolation tap
located below the regulator in the gas box. Then turn off the gas valve on the gas bottles. When this
has been completed the system must be inspected by a competent person.
● Never use gas bottles located outside the caravan gas box. Do not use any gas extension hoses.
● Gas barbecue - always use gas appliances that are suitable for use at 30mbar.
3-8
Caravan Service Systems
3
Your caravan is fitted with a regulator as
standard equipment. This is located in the
caravan gas box mounted on the front bulkhead
of the caravan between the gas bottles. The gas
regulator has a working pressure of 30mbar and
is suitable for both propane and butane liquefied
petroleum gas. There are dedicated hoses
available for different types of gas/bottle. They
are also available for camping gas and other
mainland Europe LPG Suppliers. Please contact
your Retailer who will have a stock of these
hoses.
3.2.3
Changing Gas Cylinders
Ensure that the cylinder is empty, then:
● Turn off the tap located by the gas regulator.
● Turn off cylinder valve and all gas appliances
● Remove the gas hose regulator from the
cylinder.
● Release retaining strap
● Remove cylinder from gas locker and stand
on ground.
● Fit plastic protecting cap to cylinder
With the full cylinder:
● Place cylinder in cradle in gas locker.
● Remove plastic protector from cylinder
● Connect the gas hose.
● Connect retaining strap
● Turn on cylinder valve and then
systematically relight appliances as required
3.2.5
Gas safety advice
LPG is not poisonous.
There is a danger if all air and oxygen were excluded. (Ventilation holes must be kept clear at all times
and must not be obstructed).
The manufacturers have given LPG a smell in order to identify leaks.
3.2.6
Awning Space LPG Appliance Exhaust
There is no danger of pollution within an enclosed awning space from the exhaust of an LPG burning
refrigerator that vents into it.
3.2.7
Gas Leaks
If a smell of gas becomes apparent, the supply should be turned off at the cylinder immediately.
3-9
3
Caravan Service Systems
Extinguish naked lights including cigarettes and pipes. Do not operate electrical switches. Open all
doors and windows to disperse any gas escape.
Butane/Propane gas is heavier than air, any escaping gas will therefore collect at a low level. The
strong unpleasant smell of gas will enable the general area of the leak to be detected. Check that the
gas is not escaping from an unlit appliance. Never check for leaks with a naked flame, leak investigation
should be carried out using a leak detector spray or soapy solution.
Do not operate any electrical apparatus whatsoever, especially light switches.
If the leak is not obvious, the caravan should be evacuated and a competent service engineer consulted.
Avoid naked lights when connecting or changing a cylinder. Ensure the gas valve is turned off.
Regularly inspect the flexible gas hoses for deterioration and renew as necessary with approved type
(all hoses should be replaced before the expiry date marked on the hose or after a maximum of five
years).
Remember the gas is heavier than air and therefore sinks to the lowest point.
Keep gas bottle containers outside (and protected against frost). If they must be kept inside make sure
they are well away from heat.
3.2.8
Ventilation
All ventilation complies with EN 721 and vents should not be obstructed in any manner as this could
lead to insufficient fresh air. In this case the confined atmosphere becomes depleted of oxygen which
leads to the formation of the highly poisonous gas ‘carbon monoxide’. Carbon Monoxide is odourless,
colourless and tasteless and will rapidly cause unconsciousness and death with little or no warning
prior to collapse.
There is no danger when adequate ventilation is provided.
▲ Under no circumstances should the caravan’s ventilation be blocked or obstructed in any way
High level ventilation is via the roof lights. The low level ventilation is via the vents in the floor at the
front of the caravan living area directly behind the front bulkhead. With multiberth layouts the rear
sleeping compartments have their own low level ventilation. Please consult your caravan retailer for its
location.
The mesh screens fitted should be kept free of obstructions by dust, leaves, insects etc. Inspect regularly
and use a brush and soapy water as necessary. It may be necessary to remove the weather shield
located on the underside of the floor of the caravan to gain access for cleaning.
All roof-mounted flue installations should be inspected once a year throughout their length for corrosion.
Flues should be replaced if any sign of perforation is found. Ensure that the replacement is of an
approved type. Check that the external roof seal is seating correctly and the locknut is fully tightened.
▲ Do not make any additional openings in the floor.
▲ Never use portable cooking or heating equipment, other than electric heaters that are not
of the direct radiant type in your caravan, as it is a fire and asphyxiation hazard.
Appliances such as cookers with naked flames should never be used for room heating.
No appliance shall be used inside when being connected to the external (BBQ) socket. (Senator only)
▲ It is recommended that any elevating roofs be raised when the leisure accommodation
vehicle is used for habitation purposes.
3.2.9
Gas BBQ point (Senator only)
▲ The external gas BBQ point should be used as a connection outlet only and should not,
as a matter of safety be used as a gas inlet.
3-10
Caravan Service Systems
3.3
3
THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM – 230 VOLT
As in the home, care must be exercised when handling mains electricity.
Your attention is drawn to the following notice as laid down by the Institute of Electrical Engineers.
Instructions for electricity supply - low voltage (230 v)
3.3.1
On arrival at caravan site
▲ Before connecting the caravan installation to the main supply:
▲ Check that the mains supply is suitable for your installation and appliances, i.e. whether
it is a.c. or d.c. and whether it is at the correct voltage, frequency and polarity.
▲ Check that your installations will be properly earthed. Never accept a supply from a
socket outlet or plug having only two pins, or from a lighting outlet.
▲ Check that any residual current device (earth leakage circuit breaker) in the mains supply
to the caravan has been tested within the last month. After connection to site supply, test
again.
●
Make sure that the switch at the site supply point is off.
●
Make sure that the caravan RCD unit is switched off.
●
Remove any cover from the electricity inlet provided on the caravan, and insert the
connector of the supply flexible cable.
●
Remove any cover from the socket outlet provided at the site supply point, and connect
the plug at the other end of the supply flexible cable to this. Switch on the main switch at
the site supply point.
●
Switch on the caravan RCD unit.
In case of doubt, consult the site owner or his agent.
3-11
3
3.3.2
Caravan Service Systems
On leaving caravan site
● first switch off the site supply.
● switch off the caravan RCD unit.
● then disconnect the pitch lead.
In case of difficulty consult an approved electrical installation contractor (who may be the local electricity
board). It is dangerous to attempt modifications and additions yourself.
▲ Lampholder-plugs (bayonet-cap adapters) should not in any circumstances be used.
● replace the cover of the socket outlet at the site supply point. It is dangerous to leave the supply
socket or supply flexible cable live.
Every 12 months, the caravan electrical installation should be inspected and tested and a report on its
condition obtained as prescribed in the Regulations for Electrical Installations, published by the Institute
of Electrical Engineers.
3.3.3
Generators
● Switch off all appliances, the miniature circuit breakers and the residual current device.
● Start the generator and allow to run for a few minutes to stabilise.
● Connect the caravan to the generator.
● Switch on 16 amp miniature circuit breaker.
● Switch on the residual current device.
● Switch on the fridge (230 volt phase) or plug in a 230v light to one of the 13amp sockets. This is to
provide a load on the generator and help remove any “spikes” in the supply which can damage the
charger unit.
● Switch on the 5amp miniature circuit breaker and any other appliances you require.
▲ It is always advisable to have at least one other mains appliance switched on with the
charger unit to minimise the chance of damage to it.
▲ Do not connect the 12 volt output of the generator to the battery terminals. The AC ripple
must not exceed 10%.
3.3.4
Overseas connections
▲ Connection to a mains voltage supply overseas requires particular attention.
Care must be taken when connecting supplies abroad since the supplies can be of reverse polarity.
The significance of reverse polarity is that when equipment is switched off it may not be electrically
isolated.
The only certain way of making equipment safe is to unplug it.
3-12
Caravan Service Systems
3
A means of checking the polarity of the mains supply when overseas is useful.
There are available several proprietary makes of equipment for the purpose (e.g. Martindale tester
unit).
If it can be achieved, it is preferable to connect live to live, and neutral to neutral to maintain full
electrical protection.
Check all caravan equipment is set-up to accept the site supply before actually switching on.
3.3.5
Mains unit
The mains unit replaces the conventional fusebox. Similar, but larger units are often fitted in newer
houses.
The unit gives overload and earth leakage protection for the 230v electrical supply in your caravan.
For normal operation all switches on the unit need to be in the ON position. The switches on the left of
the unit are known as M.C.B.’s (miniature circuit breakers).
These take the place of the conventional fuse but are more convenient.
In the event of a fault the M.C.B. ‘trips’ i.e. automatically moves to the OFF position.
After elimination of the fault the M.C.B. can be re-set by switching to the ON position. (Against the
spring pressure in an upwards direction).
If an earth fault develops or a person was to touch a live piece of equipment the leakage of current to
earth should immediately operate the RCD (residual current device) and ‘trip’ the main switch, to the
OFF position.
This switch is only re-settable after elimination of the fault.
To re-set, operate the switch as for M.C.B’s.
Every time you connect to a site supply the RCD should be checked by operating the test button
marked ‘T’. The unit should immediately switch to the OFF position. If the unit does not switch off then
a qualified electrician should be consulted.
If the unit does switch off, the test is complete and the switch can be reset restoring the supply back to
normal.
▲ Having too many appliances switched on at the same time will trip the MCB. This is a
safety measure.
▲ It is essential that connections are made exactly as shown. If terminal markings are not
in accordance with the diagram they must be ignored. If in doubt consult a qualified
electrician.
▲ Always disconnect the electrical connector between the towing vehicle and the caravan
before connecting a 230v supply to the caravan and before charging the caravan battery
by any other means.
It is possible that all of the 230v mains electrical equipment may not be able to be operated simultaneously.
A typical UK caravan park mains hook up point provides a maximum output of 16 amps and on some
continental sites the available output may be as low as 5 amps. If your loading exceeds the site supply
it may trip the parks circuit breaker. Please check the available mains output with your site operator.
The following items need to be added together if used simultaneously.
3-13
3
Caravan Service Systems
230V Mains equipment typical consumption figures:
Fridge .............................................. 0.5 amps
Colour TV ....................... 2.5 amps
Charger ........................................... 1.0 amps
Microwave ....................... 10 amps
Water heater ................................. 3.75 amps
Air conditioning .................. 4 amps
Blown/convection air heating .......... 8.7 amps
3.4
THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM – 12 VOLT
Your caravan is fitted with a 12 volt charger as standard. This converts the 230 volt AC supply into 12
volt DC. This enables the 12 volt equipment in the caravan to function and charges the caravan leisure
battery. A fully charged caravan leisure battery should read 13.8 volts on the voltmeter mounted in the
control panel.
The charger is capable of charging leisure batteries and will not overcharge.
The 12 volt system is designed to operate with a leisure battery in circuit and should not be turned on
without one connected. The 12 volt supply to the caravan services can be isolated via the 12 volt on/off
switch on the control panel.
3-14
Caravan Service Systems
3.4.1
3
12-volt Control Panel
The system is fitted with an automatic relay to select
the power source. When the car is connected via
lead the car power will be used. When the car is
not connected the battery and or the power supply
will be used to power the caravan.
The control panel is fitted with a master 12-volt
switch; this enables you to isolate the 12-volt supply
in the caravan.
The control panel controls the operation of various
12V equipment
● Indicated charge level of the caravan battery (a
good battery should indicate 13.8 volts)
● Water pumping light, is only activated when the
pump is running
● All models have light isolation and awning
switches fitted into the control panel.
▲ The appearance of the control panel
may vary, but the functions are the
same.
SERIES 6 BAILEY SENATOR
CONTROL PANEL
The 12-volt electrical system fuses are located in the caravan bed box. It has 14 fuses each having
identification to their particular use. If a fuse is to be replaced it must be with one of the same rating as
that removed.
3.4.2
Auxiliary Battery storage/mains inlet
The battery and 230V mains inlet are located in a special locker mounted in the side of the caravan.
The door frame has a cable recess allowing the door to be locked when the mains cable is connected.
This locker will accommodate a battery up to 110 amperes/hours capacity.
▲ The battery must be placed in the tray provided in the battery storage compartment, and
must be used at all times.
A battery of not less than 40-50 amperes/hours capacity is recommended, crocodile clips should never
be used to connect the battery, terminals should be shrouded. Always switch off all appliances and
lamps before disconnecting the auxiliary battery.
The battery should be secured to prevent movement when towing.
Metal objects should not be stored in the battery box.
Where a 12V extension is used between the towcar and caravan, this should not exceed 5 metres in
length - minimum cable size 2.5mm to minimise voltage drop.
DIY modifications/additions to the wiring systems are not recommended, always consult your Dealer
who will be pleased to carry out such work.
Do not continuously charge the battery when caravan is not in use.
3-15
3
Caravan Service Systems
▲ Switch off all appliances before disconnecting battery.
▲ Negative connections should always be disconnected first and reconnected last.
▲ Car type battery chargers are not suitable for charging a leisure battery and may damage
it.
When storing the caravan for long periods of time, we recommend that the 12 volt leisure battery is
disconnected and removed, except in the case of Senator models - please see 4.23.3 Tracker alarm
winter storage.
▲ When not using Senator models always ensure that the fridge control knob is turned to the
‘off’ position. Failure to do this will result in a flat battery due to 12V power drain from the
fridge circuit relays.
3-16
Caravan Equipment
4.1
4
THE TRUMA ULTRASTORE WATER HEATER
Operating Instructions
4.1.1
Filling the Truma Ultrastore with water
● Check that the safety/drain valve in the cold water intake is closed. The yellow lever should be in the
horizontal position, position (e).
● Open the hot tap in bathroom or kitchen with pre-selecting mixing taps or single lever fittings set to
hot.
● Switch on power for water pump (main switch or pump switch). Leave the tap open to let air escape
while the water heater is filling. The heater is filled when water flows out of the tap in a continuous
stream.
Residues of frozen water can prevent filling if there is a frost. The water heater can be defrosted by
switching on the heater on gas only for a short period (max. 2 mins). Frozen pipes can be defrosted by
heating the room.
▲ Do not operate the Water Heater on 230V without it being full of water.
4-1
4
4.1.2
Caravan Equipment
Gas operating instructions
▲ Never operate the water heater without water in it!
● Remove exterior cowl cover.
● Open gas cylinder and open quick-acting valve in the gas supply line.
● Select required water temperature at rotary knob (a) infinitely variable from approx. 30o to 70o by
rotating the inner ring (b).
● Switch on water heater by rotating the outer ring on the control panel to the
position.
● If there is air in the gas supply line, it may take up to a minute to purge the system of air. If the gas
fails to ignite on first attempt, switch off the appliance, wait two minutes and try again.
b
a
a = Outer ring – On/Off
b = Temperature control
4.1.3
Switching off (gas operation)
Rotate the outer ring anti-clockwise to the off
position. Fit the exterior Cowl cover. Drain the
water from the system. Close quick-acting valve
in the gas supply line if the appliance is not to be
used for an extended period of time and close
the gas cylinder.
4-2
Caravan Equipment
4
4.1.4 Electrical operating instructions
(230v)
Ensure that the water heater is full then switch the
isolation switch on. (Usually mounted on the bunk
face adjacent to the gas control switch.)
▲ The water temperature cannot be
selected, temperature is automatically
limited to 70oC. For a faster heating
up
the
appliance
can
be
simultaneously operated with gas and
electrical power.
4.1.5
Draining the water heater
f
● Turn off the power supply to the water heater.
● Disconnect power for water pump (main switch
or pump switch).
● Open hot water taps in bathroom and kitchen.
e
e
● Open the yellow drain valve located near the
water heater to vertical position (f).
● The water heater is now drained directly to the
outside via the safety drain valve. Check that
the water contents have been completely
drained (10 litres)
4.1.6
e = Lever position “Closed”
f = Lever position “Drain”
Maintenance
Use wine vinegar for de-scaling the water heater, this being introduced into the appliance via the water
supply. Allow the product to react and then thoroughly flush out the appliance with plenty of fresh water.
To sterilise the water we recommend “Certsil-Argento”. Other products particularly those containing
chlorine are unsuitable. This should be carried out annually.
The water tank in the Truma-Ultrastore is of high quality food-grade stainless steel. The special equipment
available below, water hose connections and the safety/drain valve fulfil the EC guideline for quality in
plastic parts (90/396/EEC).
▲ In order to prevent the formation of micro-organisms, we recommend heating up the tank
at regular intervals to 70oC and not using the water for drinking.
4-3
4
4.1.7
Caravan Equipment
Important Operating Notes:
● If the cowl is positioned close to an opening hatch (window), keep this closed during operation . See
warning plate.
Always mount the cowl cover if the heater is not being used.
Nonobservation of this point can lead to the function of the
appliance being impaired through water, dirt or insects.
● Always remove the cowl cover prior to operating the water
heater on gas.
● Only use original Truma-Ultrastore parts.
● If just the cold water system is being used, without water
heating, the header tank becomes more vulnerable to frost
damage. Accordingly the contents should be drained by
operating the safety/ drain valve. This also applies when the
caravan is in storage.
● If the water heater is inadvertently operated empty the caravan
will trip out. To reset, turn off 5 and 10 amp trips, turn off RCD consumer unit, then fill with water and
turn 5 amp trip back on.
● The excess temperature thermostat will cut in on the heater on 230V if there is a fault. It will also
reset if disconnected from the mains. However this may not happen if there is no water in the tank.
4.1.8
General Safety Notes:
▲ In the event of leaks in the gas systems or if there is a smell of gas:
- Extinguish all naked flames
- Do not smoke
- Switch off the appliance and the gas cylinder
- Open the windows
- Do not operate any electrical switches
- Have the entire system checked by an expert
● Repair jobs are only to be carried out by an expert.
● The following would invalidate the guarantee;
a. Any alteration to the appliance (including cowl)
b. The use of non-Truma spare parts/ accessories
c. Non observance of the operating instructions
● The operating pressure for the gas supply is 30mbar (or for 28mbar butane / 37 mbar propane) and
must correspond to the operating pressure of the appliance (see name plate).
● Do not operate the water heater when refuelling the vehicle and when in the garage.
● During the initial operation of a brand new appliance (or after it has not been used for some time), a
certain amount of fumes and a slight smell may be noticed for a short time. Remedial action here is
to immediately run the heater at maximum output and to ensure adequate room ventilation.
● If the burner makes an unusual noise or if the flame lifts off, it is likely that the regulator is faulty and
it is essential to have it checked.
4-4
Caravan Equipment
4.1.9
4
Technical Data
Water contents: .................................... 10 litres
Gas and electrical operation ... approx. 25 mins
Water pressure: ................... up to max. 2.8 bar
Power consumption .................................... 12V
Type of gas: .... Liquid Gas (propane or butane)
Ignition: ................................................... 0.17 A
Operating Pressure: .............................. 30mbar
(or 28mbar butane, 37mbar propane)
Heating Up: ............................................ 0.08 A
Rated thermal output: ............................ 1500W
Gas consumption: ................................. 120g/h
Heating time up to approx. ........................70oC
Standby: ................................................ 0.04 A
Power Consumption ................................. 230V
Heating Up: (3-7A) .................................. 850W
Weight (empty): ..................................... 6.7 Kg.
Gas operation .......................... approx. 34 mins
Electric operation .................... approx. 45 mins
4-5
4
Caravan Equipment
4.2
THE TRUMA S 3002 EL SPACE HEATER
4.2.1
Gas Operation
Switching on
● Turn on gas cylinder.
b
● For space heaters fitted with manual piezo ignition
(Discovery and Ranger) turn control knob to
thermostat setting 1-10 and press it down as far
as the stop. At the same time keep operating the
piezo ignitor rapidly until the flame ignites.
a = Control knob
b = Integrated control panel for
Trumavent fan TEB
c = Piezo ignitor
d = Flame observation window
e = Name plate (remove casing)
f = Thermostat probe
● For space heaters fitted with automatic ignition
(Pageant and Senator) rotate the control knob to
10 on the dial and depress the knob.
In case of left-handed installation, the
parts are arranged on the other side.
a
c
e
● For both types of fire keep the control knob
pressed down for a further 10 seconds to allow
safety pilot to operate.
d
f
● Watch through the flame window for another 10 seconds to make sure that the flame does not go out
through air in the supply pipe (caused by the valve being closed or changing the cylinder).
Always wait at least 2 minutes before attempting to re-ignite, otherwise there is a risk of blowbacks
(misfiring)! This also applies if a working heater goes out and has to be re-lit.
● To ensure even and rapid warm air distribution as well as lower surface temperatures on the heating
unit, we recommend that you operate the heater with a blown air system.
4.2.2
Thermostat
Set the required room temperature at the control knob (numbers 1 - 10).
For an average room temperature of approx. 22°C we recommend setting 3–5 without Trumavent fan
and 4–8 with Trumavent fan.
Switching Off
Set control knob to “0”. If turning off for a longer period of time, close the valve of the gas cylinder.
4.2.3
Important operating notes
▲ If the gas supply line is filled with air, it may take up to a minute before the gas becomes
available for combustion. During this time hold the control knob pressed down and
continuously operate the piezo ignitor until the flame ignites.
▲ You will have to find out the exact thermostat setting yourself, depending on how much
heat you need.
The thermostat probe is underneath the heater. Please note that the thermostat will be
adversely affected by cold draughts from refrigerator vents, gaps below doors, etc. or by a
deep-piled carpet.
Always make sure to avoid problems of this kind, otherwise satisfactory temperature control
cannot be guaranteed.
▲ Repairs are only to be carried out by a competent service engineer.
4-6
Caravan Equipment
4
● Any alteration to the appliance (including exhaust duct and cowl) or the use of spare parts and
accessories which are important to the function of the heater and which are not original Truma parts,
as well as the non-observance of the installation and operating instructions, will lead to the cancelling
of the guarantee and exclusion of liability claims.
▲ During the initial operation of a brand new appliance, a certain amount of fumes and a
slight smell may be noticed for a short while. Remedial action here is to immediately run
the heater at maximum output and to ensure adequate room ventilation.
● Underfloor combustion air intakes must be kept clear of dirt and slush.
● In winter, before switching on the heater, clear all snow from the cowl.
● If the heater is repeatedly blown out in very windy parking spots, or when using in winter, we
recommend the SKV cowl extension kit. (Art. No. 30690-00) which can be screwed onto the cowlshaft
when required and which must be taken off again before driving the vehicle.
● Inspect the exhaust duct and all connections at regular intervals, and always whenever there is a
blowback (misfire). It is essential that the exhaust duct is installed so that it slopes upwards over its
whole length and is securely fixed with several clamps. Never place any object on the exhaust duct,
since this could result in damage. The exhaust duct connection to both the heater and the cowl must
be firm and well sealed. Do not operate heaters with incorrectly fitted or damaged exhaust ducts!
● Never allow the warm air outlet on the heater to be obstructed in any way. For instance never hang
washing on or in front of the heater to dry. Misusing your heater in this way could cause serious
damage from overheating. Do not place flammable objects near the heater. Please follow these
guidelines in the interest of your own safety.
● If the burner makes an unusual noise or if the flame lifts off while burning, it is likely that the regulator
is faulty, and it is essential to have it checked.
● Cleaning (with switched off appliance): It is recommended that at least once a year, before the
heating season starts, you remove any dust that has collected on the heat exchanger and base
plate.
▲ Children should be kept away from this product when it is in operation, the front can get
very hot. Alternatively a fireguard should be used.
4.2.4
General Safety Notes
▲ If the gas system is leaking or there is a smell of gas.
- Extinguish all naked flames
- Do not smoke
- Switch off appliances
- Shut off the gas cylinders
- Open the windows
- Do not actuate any electrical switches
- Have the entire system checked by an expert.
● The operating pressure for the gas supply is 30 mbr (or 28 mbr butane/ 37 mbr propane) and must
correspond to the operating pressure of the appliance.
4-7
4
Caravan Equipment
● Do not operate appliance when refuelling the vehicle and when in the garage.
● Always connect the pressure regulator to the gas cylinder with great care. Inspect the regulator
connection hoses regularly for signs of weakness. Caravanning gas cylinders must always be upright.
4.2.5
Technical data
Type of Gas : ...... Liquid gas (propane/butane)
Rated thermal output : ......................... 3400 W
4.2.6
Gas Consumption : ........................ 30-280 g/h
Product Ident. No : ............... CE-0085AP0325
230V Operation
Switching on
▲ Before switching on, ensure that the
fuse protection for the power supply
of the camp site is sufficient for the
selected power setting (b) – see
technical data.
▲ The pitch lead for the caravan must be
fully unwound prior to use.
Control Panel
with thermostat
b
a
a = ON-OFF Power
settings
b = Thermostat
settings
● Rotate the outer ring (a) to the required power
setting (500, 1000 or 2000 watts).
● Set inner rotary control knob (b) to the desired room temperature.
If the heater is operated simultaneously with electricity and gas, the electric unit will switch itself off
before overheating occurs as a result of the more powerful gas burner.
● Please note that the 230V heating should be viewed as a supplementary system only. The grade II
insulation accreditation was achieved using gas powered heating.
● When using the 230V system in conjunction with the 12V fan we recommend a setting of no more
than 2 on the rotary dial.
Switching off
1. Rotate the outer ring (a) to ‘O’ position.
4.2.6
Operating notes
▲ Repairs may only be carried out by an expert.
▲ The heater’s hot air outlet should under no circumstances be blocked.
Never hang clothes or similar in front or on top of the heater to dry.
This could cause serious damage to the heater as a result of overheating.
▲ Do not place inflammable materials near the heater.
▲ During the initial operation of a brand new appliance, a certain amount of fumes and a
slight smell may be noticed for a short while. Remedial action here is to immediately run
the heater at maximum output and to ensure adequate room ventilation.
4-8
Caravan Equipment
4
▲ Any alteration to the appliance (including exhaust duct and cowl) or the use of spare parts
and accessories which are important to the function of the heater and which are not original
Truma parts, as well as the non-observance of the installation and operating instructions,
will lead to the cancelling of the guarantee and exclusion of liability claims.
4.2.7
Technical Data
Power supply: ............................ 230v or 50Hz
Weight: .......................................... approx 6kg
Power consumption at power setting
................................................... 500 W: 2.2 A
................................................. 1000 W: 4.5 A
................................................. 2000 W: 8.5 A
4.3
TRUMA 12V FAN OPERATION
Fan operating instructions for warm air distribution and ventilation
4.3.1
Trumavent TEB with automatic speed control 12V
a = Manual control (e.g. for ventilation)
b = Off (or automatic operation/heating with heaters
Trumatic S 3002 K and S 5002 K)
c = Automatic operation (heating)
The output steadily adjusts to the respective heat
emission of the heater.
The maximum output can be limited at the control
knob, as required. The regulating between this
value and slow running is carried out automatically.
Adjust desired output at the control knob.
4.3.2
Technical Data
Power supply: .............................................12v
(with fan duct UR dia. 65mm)
Power consumption: ...................... 0.3 to 1.0A
Air flow rate: .................. Up to 205.000 litres/h
(with fan duct VR dia. 72mm)
Air flow rate: .................. Up to 180.000 litres/h
4.3.3
Warm air distribution
The warm air system is designed individually for
each type of vehicle on a modular basis.
The quantity of air can be individually adjusted at
the air flap (Fig. 1:d) for warm air distribution. In
centre position 50% of the warm air is distributed
to each outlet.
Use the fan duct with a diameter of 72mm if the fan
ducts are of different lengths or on sides with a
Fig. 1
4-9
4
Caravan Equipment
greater heat requirement. This means that the air output can be used to the full on this side. By adjusting
the air flap (Fig. 1:d) the quantity of air can be increased individually. This means that the air output on
the other side is reduced.
▲ If the air output drops or the operating noise increases, the fan impeller wheel may be
severely soiled. Cleaning (with switched off appliance!).
▲ We recommend removing dust which has collected on the heat exchanger and base plate
of the heater and on the impeller wheel of the Trumavent fan, once every 12 months.
Clean the impeller wheel carefully using a brush or toothbrush.
4-10
Caravan Equipment
4.4
4
THE COUNTRY LEISURE COOKING APPLIANCES
Operating Instructions
Ensure the gas cylinder is turned on.
In the event of a gas smell turn off at the cylinder and contact supplier.
The use of a gas cooking appliance results in the production of heat and moisture in the room in which
it is installed. Ensure that the kitchen is well ventilated, keep natural ventilation holes open or install a
mechanical ventilation device (mechanical extractor hood).
Prolonged intensive use of the appliance may call for additional ventilation, for example opening a
window, or more effective ventilation, for example increasing the level of mechanical ventilation where
present.
4.5
THE ARGENT HOB
4.5.1
Hotplate Burners
▲ Glass lids may shatter when heated. Turn off all burners before shutting the lid.
▲ The glass lid has a tendency to snap shut towards the lowered position. Make sure all
fingers are removed from appliance when closing lid.
Each burner is controlled individually and is
monitored by a flame supervision device. In the
event of the burner flames being accidentally
extinguished, turn off the burner control and do not
attempt to re-ignite the burner for at least one
minute. The respective knob positions are shown.
To light the burner, press in and turn the knob anticlockwise to the full rate position and apply a light
to the burner or, if fitted, press the ignition button
located on the oven control fascia. It is necessary to hold the knob depressed during ignition and for
approximately fifteen seconds after the burner has lit to allow the probe to reach temperature. Should
the flame go out when the knob is released, the procedure should be repeated holding the knob depressed
for slightly longer.
For simmering, turn the knob further anti-clockwise to the low rate position. To turn the burner off, rotate
knob fully clockwise until the line on the knob lines up with the dot on the control panel. The burners on
this appliance have fixed aeration and no adjustment is required. Depending on the gas being used,
the burners should flame as follows:
Propane - The flames should burn quietly with a blue/green colour with no sign of yellow tips.
Butane - Normally on initial lighting, a small amount of yellow tipping will occur and then slightly increases
as the burner heats up.
Each burner will accommodate pans from 10 to 20cm apart from one burner which will accept a 22cm
pan.
For right hand control units this burner is the rear left and for left hand control units this burner is front
right.
Care should be taken not to overload the appliance as reduced performance may result.
When using small pans, the flames should not spread beyond the base of the pan as this will reduce
the efficiency of the burner.
4-11
4
Caravan Equipment
4.6
THE MIDI OVEN & GRILL (Ranger, Pageant & Senator)
4.6.1
Grill
▲ Accessible parts may be hot when the grill is used! Young children should be kept away.
▲ The heater deflector below the fascia should be pulled out prior to grill operation.
▲ Whilst the grill is operating never adjust the deflector without using hand protection.
▲ Only use the grill with the door open and always remove the handle from the pan when in
use.
1.
Ensure gas cylinder/supply is connected and turned on. In the event of a gas smell turn off at gas
cylinder/mains and contact supplier.
2.
Remove all accessories and packing that may be in the grill including any plastic coating that may
be protecting the grill cavity surfaces. Clean the interior before using it for the first time, use soap
water and rinse carefully.
3.
To light: Open door, push in the control knob and turn to full rate. Hold a lighted match or taper to
the burner and push the control knob in and hold. The burner should ignite and the control knob
should be held in for 10 -15 seconds before release. If the burner goes out, repeat procedure
holding control knob for slightly longer.
4.
For models fitted with Spark Ignition the procedure is similar except that the burner can be ignited
by depressing the ignition button which is located on the fascia. Ignition must be carried out with
the door open, and if the burner has not lit within 15 seconds the control knob should be released
and the grill left for at least 1 minute before a further attempt to ignite the burner.
▲ Note: the grill must only be used with the door open
.
6.
On first use of the grill, it should be heated for about 20 minutes to eliminate any residual factory
lubricants that might impart unpleasant smells to the food being cooked. A non-toxic smoke may
occur when using for the first time so open any windows and turn on mechanical ventilators to help
remove the smoke.
7.
Although the grill does heat up quickly, it is recommended that a few minutes preheat be allowed.
8.
Flame Failure Device (FFD): the grill burner is fitted with a flame sensing probe which will
automatically cut off the gas supply in the event of the flame going out. In the event of the burner
flames being accidentally extinguished, turn off the burner control and do not attempt to re-ignite
the burner for at least one minute.
9.
It is normal for the flames on this burner to develop yellow tips as it heats up, particularly on
Butane.
10. Variation in cooking can be achieved by using the control knob to regulate the heat setting. In
addition, the grill pan trivet can be reversed or removed to give a greater choice of grilling height.
Always use the highest trivet position for fast toasting.
11. To turn off: turn the control knob until the line on the control knob is aligned with the dot on the
control panel. Always make sure the control knob is in the off position when you have finished
grilling.
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Caravan Equipment
4.6.2
4
Oven
1. Ensure the gas cylinder is connected and turned on. In the event of a gas smell turn off at gas
cylinder and contact supplier.
2. Remove all accessories and packing that may be in the oven and clean the interior before using it for
the first time. Use warm soapy water and rinse carefully.
3. To light : Open door, push in the control knob and turn to gas mark 9. Hold a lighted match or taper
to the burner and push the control knob in and hold. The burner should ignite and the control knob
should be held in for 10-15 seconds before release. If the burner goes out, repeat procedure holding
control knob for slightly longer.
4. For models fitted with Spark Ignition the procedure is similar except that the burner can be ignited by
depressing the ignition button which is located on the fascia. Ignition must be carried out with the
door open, and if the burner has not lit within 15 seconds the control knob should be released and
the oven left for at least 1 minute before a further attempt to ignite the burner.
5. Place the oven shelf in the required position and close the door. Set the control knob to approximately
gas mark 5 and heat the oven for about 30 minutes to eliminate any residual factory lubricants that
might impart unpleasant smells to the meals being cooked.
6. Although the oven does heat up quickly, it is recommended a 10 minute preheat be allowed. The
oven should reach full temperature in about 15-20 minutes.
7. To turn off : turn the control knob until the dot on the control knob is aligned with the dot on the
control panel.
8. Flame Failure Device (FFD) : the oven burner is fitted with a flame sensing probe which will
automatically cut off the gas supply in the event of the flame going out.
9. Oven shelf : the oven shelf is designed to allow good circulation at the rear of the oven and is fitted
with a raised bar to prevent trays or dishes making contact with the back of the oven. Additional
shelves are available through our local caravan retailer.
4.6.3
The Duplex Oven & Grill (Discovery only)
The Discovery range is fitted with the Duplex cooker. The instructions are the same for the midi prima
except for the following.
The control tap on this appliance operates both the grill and
the oven burners. To ensure safe operation, it is not possible
to operate both burners at the same time.
Turn the control knob anti clockwise to operate the oven and
regulate as normal.
To operate the grill, turn the control knob clockwise until the
knob is aligned with the symbol.
▲ Note: there is only one flame position on this
grill. A reversible grill pan trivet enables different
heights to be achieved for cooking.
▲ The grill MUST be used with the door open. The heat deflector below the fascia should
be pulled out prior to lighting the grill. Never adjust the heat deflector position without
using oven gloves.
▲ To turn off, make sure the line on the control knob lines up with the off symbol on the
control panel.
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4
4.6.4
Caravan Equipment
Temperature Control
The temperature control in the oven is controlled by a thermostatic gas tap and is variable over the
range 130°C to 240°C. Approximate temperatures for the settings on the control knob are shown in the
table below. The temperatures indicated refer to the centre of the oven and at any particular setting the
oven will be hotter at the top and cooler towards the base. The variation between top and centre, and
centre to bottom is approximately equivalent to one gas mark. Good use can be made of the temperature
variation in that several dishes requiring different temperatures may be cooked at the same time. In this
way maximum benefit can be obtained from the gas used to heat the oven. Care should be taken not to
overload the oven, adequate spacing being used to allow free circulation for heat.
GAS
MARK
1/4-1/2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
DISH
scones
small cakes
victoria sandwich
puff
flaky
shortcrust
shortbread fingers
rice pudding
baked custard
fruit crumble
beef
pork
4.6.5
265-275 °F
285
300
330
355
385
410
430
445
465
GAS MARK
7
5
4
8
7
6
3
2
3
5
3
7
3
7
TEMPERATURE
6000/6100
130-135 °C
140
150
165
180
195
210
220
230
240
very cool
cool
cool
warm
moderate
fairly hot
hot
hot
very hot
very hot
SHELF POSITION
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
meringues
stewed fruit
rich fruit cake
baked custards
victoria sandwich
whisked sponges
shortcrust pastry
bread, scones
puff pastry
quick browning
COOKING TIME
8-15 mins
15-25 mins
20-30 mins
15-30 mins
15-30 mins
15-55 mins
25-30 mins
100-120 mins
50-60 mins
30-40 mins
25 mins per 500g plus 25 mins
15 mins per 500g plus 20 mins
30 mins per 500g plus 35 mins
25 mins per 500g plus 25 mins
Cooking Guidelines
▲ The pan supplied with the appliance is multi functional, for use in grill or oven. Always
remove the handle when in use.
Best results will be obtained by the shelf positions in this guide. It is not necessary to preheat the oven
but advisable for a range of dishes. The oven is capable of full temperature in 15-20 minutes.
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Caravan Equipment
4
Most cookery books give details of the shelf positions and gas mark settings for each recipe. If in doubt
about a recipe you intend to use, study the recipe carefully then find a similar dish in our guide and use
our shelf position and gas mark setting recommendation. Shelf positions are from the top down. When
roasting with aluminium foil care must be taken that the foil does not impair circulation or block the oven
flue outlet.
Do’s and Don’ts
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do
Do Not
Do Not
Do Not
Do Not
Do Not
read the user instructions carefully before using the appliance for the first time.
allow the oven to heat before using for the first time, in order to expel any smells before the
introduction of food
clean the appliance regularly
remove spills as soon as they occur
always use oven gloves when removing food shelves and trays from the oven.
check that controls are in the off position when finished.
allow children near the cooker when in use. Turn pan handles away from the front so that they
cannot be caught accidentally
allow fats or oils to build up in the oven trays or base
use abrasive cleaners or powders that will scratch the surfaces of the hotplate and oven.
allow the lower door to crash onto the floor. Lower it by hand.
under any circumstances use the oven as a space heater.
▲ Ensure that the ceramic ball mixer tap arm is clear from the sink or oven glass lid before
raising it. Failure to do so could accidentally switch on the tap when lifting the glass lid.
4.6.6
Maintenance & Servicing
This appliance needs little maintenance other than cleaning. All parts should be cleaned using warm
soapy water. Do not use abrasive cleaners, steel wool or cleansing powders. When cleaning the burner
ring it is essential to ensure that the holes do not become blocked. The control knobs are a push fit and
can be removed for cleaning. They are interchangeable without affecting the sense of operation.
▲ All servicing must be carried out by an approved competent person. After every service
the appliance must be checked for gas soundness.
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4
4.7
Caravan Equipment
THE FIRE SENTRY SMOKE ALARM
The Smoke Alarm is operational once the battery is connected. When products of combustion are
sensed, the unit sounds a loud pulsating alarm until the air is cleared.
4.7.1
False Alarms ‘Hush’ Control
Units with the ‘hush’ feature have the capability of temporarily disabling the alarm circuit for approximately
7 minutes. This feature is to be used only when a known alarm condition, such as smoke from cooking
activates the smoke alarm. The smoke alarm is deactivated by pushing the “Alarm Hush” button on the
Smoke Alarm cover. The alarm will silence immediately and ‘chirp’ every 30-40 seconds for approximately
7 minutes to indicate the alarm is in the temporary ‘hush’ condition. The smoke alarm will automatically
re-activate after approximately 7 minutes and sound the alarm if particles of combustion are still present.
The ‘hush’ feature may be used repeatedly until the air has cleared.
Dense Smoke will override ‘HUSH’ control feature and sound continuous alarm.
▲ Before using the alarm ‘HUSH’ feature, identify the source of smoke and be certain that
safe conditions exist.
4.7.2
Testing
Test by pushing test button on cover and holding button down for 2 seconds minimum. This will sound
alarm if all electronic circuitry, horn and battery are working. If no alarm sounds, the unit has a defective
battery or other failure. You can also test alarm by blowing smoke into it. Test alarm weekly to assure
proper operation. Erratic noise or low sound from alarm may indicate a defective alarm. Return it for
service.
▲ Test smoke alarm operation after caravan has been in storage, before each trip and at
least once per week during use.
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Caravan Equipment
4.8
4
REFRIGERATORS
Winter Operation - Thetford and Dometic Refrigerators
▲ Please check that the ventilation grilles or the flue outlets are not blocked by snow,
leaves etc.
Your caravan is supplied with winter covers as standard equipment. These covers should be fitted
when the outside temperature is below 10°C.
▲ The covers should also be used when the caravan is in storage or is being washed by a
high pressure spray. or during very wet weather.
▲ Remember to remove all winter covers at all other times when the refrigerator is in use.
4.9
DOMETIC REFRIGERATOR MODEL RM 7390 (Discovery only)
4.9.1
Using the refrigerator
The cooling unit is silent in operation.
When the appliance is first put into operation, there may be a mild odour which will disappear after a
few hours. Ensure the living area is well ventilated.
The freezer compartment should be cold about one hour after switching on the refrigerator.
The refrigerator will take several hours to reach its operating temperature.
4.9.2
Controls
Manual ignition “battery igniter”
A = energy selector switch
B = gas/electric thermostat
C = manual ignition button (battery powered igniter)
▲ Note: The refrigerator is equipped to
operate off mains power, DC or liquid
gas. The desired power option is
selected by means of energy selector
switch (A).
Energy selector switch (A) has four
settings: AC mains power (230V), DC
(12V), Liquid gas (Gas), Off (O).
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Caravan Equipment
4.9.3
Energy Selection
12V Electrical Operation (DC)
▲ The refrigerator should only be used while the motor is running, otherwise the on-board
battery would be discharged within a few hours!
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to 12V.
2. The refrigerator operates without
thermostatic control (continuous
operation).
Mains power
This option should only be selected where the supply voltage of the connection for power supply
corresponds to the value specified on the data plate. Any difference in values may result in damage to
the appliance.
1. Set energy selector switch (A) to 230V.
3. Use rotary switch (B) to regulate the
temperature in the main refrigerator
compartment.
Gas Operation
▲ The refrigerator should only be operated using liquid gas (propane, butane). Do not use
town gas or natural gas.
▲ If the refrigerator is operated during travel using gas, the precautions stipulated by the
legislation in the respective country must be taken (in conformity with the European
standard EN 732).
▲ Operating the refrigerator with gas is not permitted during travel in France and Australia.
▲ As a basic rule, operation using gas is prohibited in petrol stations.
1.
Open the valve of the gas cylinder.
2.
Open the shut-off valve to the gas supply.
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Caravan Equipment
4
3.
Set energy selector switch (A) to Gas.
4.
Press and hold rotary switch (B).
5.
Activate ignition by pressing the button (C) and keep it depressed.
6.
Check the inspection glass to see whether there is a flame (the inspection glass is inside the
refrigerator at the bottom left).
7.
Release igniter button (C). Keep rotary switch (B) depressed for another 10-15 seconds, then
release.
8.
Check the inspection glass to see whether a flame is burning.
9.
Repeat the entire process if the flame has gone out.
10. Use rotary switch (B) to regulate the temperature in the main refrigerator compartment.
Inspection
glass
▲ All refrigerators, whether manual or automatic, are equipped with automatic flame
protection, which automatically cuts off the supply of gas approximately 30 seconds after
the flame goes out.
▲ When using for the first time, and after changing the gas cylinder, the gas pipes may
contain air. By means of brief operation of the refrigerator and any other gas appliances
(e.g. cookers), air is removed from the gas pipes. The gas will then ignite without delay.
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Caravan Equipment
4.9.4 Temperature setting cooling
compartment
As already shown, with rotary knob (B) the
temperature in the cooling compartment can be
regulated as necessary.
▲ The cooling unit’s performance is
influenced by ambient temperatures. At
ambient temperatures of +15 deg C up
to +25 deg C, set the knob B to the
middle position. The cooling unit works
with optimal performance.
▲ Dometic refrigerators work according to the absorption principle. Due to physical reasons,
an absorption system responds slowly to changes made on the thermostat controller, or
a loss in cooling through opening the door, or storing food. The devices are subject to the
Climatic Class SN acc. to EN/ISO 7371 in the temperature range of +10 deg C to +32
deg C ambient temperature.
4.9.5
Exchange of the igniter’s battery
Unlock the battery by depressing and turning the button (C) approximately 90 deg clockwise. Remove
cap and exchange battery (1.5V AAA / R3 / Micro). Observe correct polarity.
4.9.6
Storing food
● Switch the refrigerator on approximately 12 hours before filling it.
● Always store pre-cooled foods in the refrigerator. Make sure that the food is well cooled when it is
bought and also when transporting it. Use insulated cooling bags.
● When taking food out of the refrigerator only open the refrigerator door very briefly.
● Foods must be packed - best of all in closed containers - and stored separately from each other.
● Allow foods that have been warmed up to cool down before storing.
● Store quickly perishable foods directly next to the cooling fins.
● Products that could emit volatile, flammable gases must not be stored in the refrigerator.
● The refrigerator must not be exposed to direct sunlight. Please bear in mind that the temperature
inside a closed vehicle increases sharply if exposed to sunlight and that this can reduce the efficiency
of the refrigerator.
● The air inside the refrigerator unit MUST be able to circulate freely without any hindrance.
The freezer compartment is suitable for making ice cubes and for short-term storage of frozen food. It
is not suitable as a means of freezing foods.
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Caravan Equipment
4.10
4
DOMETIC REFRIGERATOR MODEL RM 8550L
(Pageant & Senator)
4.10.1 Cleaning
Before starting up the refrigerator, it is recommended to clean it inside and repeat this at regular intervals.
Use a soft cloth and lukewarm water with a mild detergent. Then wipe out the appliance with clean
water and dry thoroughly.
▲ To avoid deterioration of materials:
● Do not use soap or hard, abrasive or soda-based cleaning agents.
● Do not allow the door seal to come into contact with oil or grease.
4.10.2 Operating modes and use of the refrigerator
▲ This refrigerator is equipped to operate on three power modes: AC mains power (230V),
12V DC or gas (propane/butane liquid gas).
▲ Select the desired power mode by the energy selector switch (battery igniter type models)
or the MODE button (MES, AES). Appliances with automatic energy selection (AES) are
additionally provided with automatic mode function. The AES system automatically selects
the best energy source for each particular situation.
▲ The cooling unit is silent in operation.
▲ The refrigerator works reliably on slopes of up to 6 degrees (5 degrees with models
starting from 140 litres capacity).
▲ When the appliance is started for the first time, there may be a mild odour which will
disappear after a few hours. Air the living space thoroughly.
▲ The refrigerator will take several hours to reach its operating temperature in the cooling
compartment.
4.10.3 Control elements of energy selections (BATTERY IGNITER, MES and AES)
Manual energy selection/manual ignition (RM 8xx0) battery igniter:
A = Power On switch / Energy selector switch
C = Manual igniter (battery igniter)
B = Temperature selection
D = Gas operation indicator
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4
Caravan Equipment
Explanation:
The refrigerator is equipped to operate on mains
power, 12V DC or liquid gas. Select the desired
power supply by turning the energy selector
switch A. The energy selector switch A has four
settings: OFF, AC mains voltage, DC (battery),
gas (liquid gas).
4.10.4 Electrical operation
Appliances with battery igniter (manual
energy selection)
Switch on the appliance by turning the energy
selection switch A clockwise to position:
230V operation,
12V operation
▲ In order to prevent discharge of the
on-board battery, 12V operation
should only be used while the motor
is running.
4.10.5 Gas operation (liquid gas)
▲ The refrigerator must be operated using liquid gas (propane, butane (no natural gas or
town gas). When using LPG gas, please consider that the burner needs cleaning at
shorter intervals due to the gas combustion method (semi-annual recommended).
▲ In Europe, gas operation is permitted while travelling only on the condition that the gas
system of the vehicle is equipped with a hose rupture protection. The national regulations
of the respective country must be observed.
▲ For physical reasons, ignition faults could occur starting from an altitude above sea level
of approx. 1000m/3280 ft. (No malfunction!)
▲ On the initial refrigerator start-up or after a cylinder change, air may be trapped in the gas
line. To purge the air from the lines, switch on the refrigerator and any other gas appliances
(e.g. stove) for a short time. The gas ignites without delay.
▲ As a basic rule, gas operation is prohibited in petrol stations).
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Caravan Equipment
4
Prior to starting the refrigerator in gas mode:
●
Open the gas cylinder valve.
●
Open the shut-off valve for gas supply to the refrigerator.
Appliances with battery igniter:
1.
Turn the rotary selector switch A to
position .
2.
Turn the temperature selector B
clockwise and push. Keep the
controller button depressed.
3.
Then, press knob C of battery igniter
down and keep it depressed. The
ignition process is activated
automatically.
4.
Once the flame ignites, the pointer of
galvanometer D begins moving into
the green range. The refrigerator is
operational. Keep knob B depressed
for approx. 15 seconds and finally
release it.
▲ Each refrigerator with manual ignition is equipped with an automatic flame safety valve
which interrupts the gas supply after approx. 30 seconds when the flame has extinguished.
4.10.6 Door locking
Open the door by pressing the locking
button and pull open.
Shut the door again by pushing it to close.
The snapping into the lock can be heard.
While the vehicle is parked, the locking
hook may be fixed to facilitate opening of
the door.
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Caravan Equipment
Fixing and releasing the door lock hook when parking the vehicle
If the vehicle is parked for a longer period
of time, the locking hook may be clamped
by means of a lockbar. The door may now
be opened by just pulling it without need
of pressing the locking button.
Restore the original position by pushing
the hook down.
▲ As a basic rule, shut and lock the refrigerator door before commencing your journey.
4.10.7 Removable freezer compartment
To enlarge the cooling space, just remove
the freezer compartment.
Unlock the freezer compartment on both
sides and pull it out.
Store the freezer compartment safely in
order to prevent damage.
4.10.8 Positioning the storage racks
The storage racks may be pulled out by
smoothly lifting them and may be
positioned as desired.
▲ Once
the
freezer
compartment is removed,
an additional storage rack
may be installed. The
storage rack is a piece of
extra equipment and may
be obtained from Dometic.
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Caravan Equipment
4
4.10.9 Exchange of the igniter’s battery
Unlock the battery by depressing and
turning the button (C) approximately 90
degrees clockwise.
Remove cap and exchange battery (1.5V
AAA / R3 / Micro). Observe correct polarity.
4.10.10 Shutting off the refrigerator
● For battery igniter models, set energy
selector switch A to position ‘OFF’. The
appliance is switched off.
● Press the ‘MODE’ button to switch off
MES and AES models. Keep button A
pressed for two seconds. The display
disappears and the appliance is fully
switched off.
● Release the locking mechanism of the
door lock by pushing it and shift it to
the front. If the door is shut in this
position, a small gap is neverthelesss
kept open to prevent formation of
mildew.
● If the refrigerator is to be taken out of
service for an extended period of time,
close the onboard shut-off valve and the
cylinder valve.
4.10.11 Lighting
If the door is open for more than two
minutes, the sensor-controlled interior
lighting is automatically cut off (except for
models with battery igniter).
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Caravan Equipment
4.10.12 Troubleshooting
Before notifying the authorised Service Centre, please check whether:
▲ The instructions in the section “Operating the refrigerator” have been followed.
▲ The refrigerator is level.
▲ It is possible to operate the refrigerator with any available power source.
Failure: The refrigerator does not cool sufficiently.
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) Inadequate ventilation to the unit.
a) Check that the ventilation grilles are not covered.
b) Thermostat setting is too low.
b) Set thermostat to a higher level.
c) The condenser is heavily frosted.
c) Check that the refrigerator door closes properly.
d) Too much warm food has been stored
inside within short period of time.
d) Allow warm food to cool down before storage.
e) The appliance has been running for only
a short period of time.
e) Check whether the cooling compartment
works after approximately 4-5 hours.
f) Ambient temperatures too high.
f) Regularly remove ventilation grilles.
Failure: The refrigerator does not cool in gas operation mode.
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) Gas cylinder empty.
a) Change gas cylinder..
b) Is the supply shut-off device open?
b) Open the shut-off device.
c) Air in the gas pipe?
c) Switch off the appliance and start again. Repeat
this procedure 3-4 times, if necessary.
Failure: The refrigerator does not cool in 12V operation.
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) On-board fuse defective.
a) Fit new fuse.
b) On-board battery discharged.
b) Check battery, charge it.
c) Engine not running.
c) Start engine.
d) Heating element defective (please also
refer to failure indication).
d) Please inform the Dometic Customer Services.
Failure: The refrigerator does not cool in 230V operation.
Possible cause
Action you can take
a) On-board fuse defective.
a) Fit new fuse.
b) No connection to supply voltage.
b) Establish power connection.
c) AES: gas operation despite connection
to the supply voltage?
c) Appliance switches to gas operation due to
insufficient supply voltage (automatically
switches back to 230V operation).
d) Heating element defective (please also
refer to failure indication).
d) Please inform Dometic Customer Services.
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Caravan Equipment
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14.101.13 Maintenance
● Works on gas components and electrical installation may only be carried out by authorised personnel.
We recommend to contact your Dometic Service Centre.
● EN 1949 stipulates that the appliance’s gas equipment and its associated fume system must be
inspected after installation and a certificate issued.
Afterwards a qualified technician must inspect according to EN 1949 every two years and a certificate
issued.
It is the user’s responsibility to arrange for inspections after purchase.
● It is recommended that the gas burner be inspected and cleaned as necessary at least once a year.
We recommend maintenance following an extended shutdown of the vehicle.
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4.11
Caravan Equipment
THETFORD REFRIGERATOR MODEL N97 (Ranger)
4.11.1 Switching on the refrigerator
● Clean the inside of the refrigerator before you switch it on.
● Let the refrigerator cool for at least eight hours before you place food in it for the first time.
● The freezer compartment should be cold one hour after switching on the refrigerator.
A = Energy source selector switch
B = Thermostat
C = Flame meter
D = Piezo Ignition
4.11.2 Igniting and starting your refrigerator
● The refrigerator can be powered by the mains (230V), direct current (12V) or liquid gas. Select the
energy source that you want by means of the energy source selector switch (A). The switch has four
settings:
- direct current (DC)
- gas
- mains supply
- switched off
● The thermostat controls the refrigerator temperature on gas and 230V. Turn the knob fully clockwise
for maximum setting.
● The flame meter shows whether the flame is burning. The flame is burning when the meter comes
into the green area.
4.11.3 Electrical operation
The refrigerator can be powered by electricity in two ways:
- 12 V DC: Set the energy source selector switch (A) to
- set the thermostatic control to the required setting.
- the refrigerator will now be powered by the 12v circuit of the tow vehicle.
▲ Always use the gas connection or mains voltage to start up the refrigerator for the first
time and to cool it. Power from the battery of your vehicle is suitable only for maintaining
the temperature of the refrigerator and its contents once it has been refrigerated. When
powered by a vehicle battery the refrigerator works without temperature control (i.e. constant
operation).
● Mains voltage (230 V): set the power selector switch (A) to
● Set the temperature by means of the thermostat, rotary switch (B). Position 5 is the coldest temperature
setting.
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4
Open the valve of the gas bottle and the gas taps. Set the gas control button to the maximum position.
Set the energy source selector switch (A) to ignite the gas flame.
4.11.4 Power with gas
1 Open the valve of the gas bottle and the gas taps.
2 Set the thermostat button (B) to the maximum position.
3 Set the energy source selector switch (A) to
4 Press the gas control button, rotary switch (B), and keep it depressed.
5 Depress the piezo ignition button so that it clicks. This produces a spark to ignite the gas burner. Do
this continually until the flame meter turns green and then release the gas control button.
6 If the flame goes out wait for 2 minutes then repeat step 5 again.
7 Set the desired refrigeration level by means of the gas control button, rotary switch (C). Position 5 is
the coldest setting.
4.11.5 Switching off the refrigerator
1. Set the energy source selector switch (A) to
2. The refrigerator is now completely switched off.
3. Use the door locking mechanism to lock the open door. This prevents unpleasant odours and mould
in the refrigerator.
▲ If you are not going to use the refrigerator for a prolonged period, close the valve of the
gas bottle and the gas taps.
4.11.6 Securing products for driving
One of the racks in your refrigerator has a system for securing products during
driving. The system consists of a simple click-and-slide plastic strip. To secure
products on the rack while driving, push the plastic strip as tightly as you can
against the products on the rack.
In the storage space on the inside of the refrigerator door, there is the unique
Thetford flexible bottle slide. The slide prevents bottles from sliding around
during driving. Push the slide against the products in the door or place the
products between the bottle slide.
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Caravan Equipment
4.11.7 Door locking mechanism
The refrigerator door has an automatic locking mechanism. The door
locks automatically when you press it shut firmly. The lock releases
unnoticed when you open the refrigerator with your hand. This automatic
locking mechanism also keeps the refrigerator door shut during driving.
For some models an additional security device is fitted below the
refrigerator. By pushing the locking bar over the closed refrigerator door
you can make doubly sure that the door does not come open during your
journey.
If you are not going to use the refrigerator for a prolonged period of time,
you can use the special hook of the door locking mechanism to prevent odours. Turn the hook a quarter
of one rotation to position it at right-angles to the refrigerator. In this position, the hook prevents the
door from closing.
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Caravan Equipment
4.12
4
THE THETFORD CASSETTE C-200 CW / CWE
(Discovery & Ranger)
The unit consists of two sections, a permanently installed toilet system and a slide out waste holding
tank.
The toilet section of the C-200 CW includes a rotatable bowl, removable seat and cover, a console with
flush handle, a built in flush water tank and a waste level warning indicator. Underneath the bowl, the
valve blade handle is located.
The waste holding tank that is accessible from the outside of the caravan is located underneath the
toilet and is removed for emptying from the outside of the vehicle through an access door. A rotating
pour-out spout, automatic holding tank vent, air release valve, valve blade, carrying handles and hand
grip are incorporated in the waste holding tank. A sliding cover guarantees you optimal hygiene. The
model identification can be found on the identification label. C-200 CWE is the same as the C-200 CW
except that the flush is electrically operated.
▲ Make sure that the flush and holding tanks are both completely empty before towing.
4.12.1 Preparing for use
i.
Open access door pull retaining clip upwards (fig.1).
ii.
Remove holding tank by pulling straight out. When holding tank hits the stop, tilt front end downwards
slightly and remove (fig.2).
iii.
Position tank vertically and swivel pour-out spout upwards (fig.3).
iv.
Remove dosage cap and pour-out spout. Add required amount of toilet fluid in the dosage cup
(fig.4). Add approximately 2 litres of water through the spout to cover holding tank bottom. Replace
cap and return pour-out spout to original stored position.
▲ Warmer weather or longer intervals between emptying the waste tank may require additional
toilet fluid. Use only Thetford toilet fluid to achieve the best results.
▲ Never add toilet fluid directly into the toilet bowl.
v.
Slide holding tank into position through access door (fig.5). Never force insertion as this can cause
severe damage to the toilet.
vi.
Make sure the holding tank is secured by the retaining clip (fig.6).
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2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
1
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4
vii. Open the water fill door and add 50ml. of Aqua Rinse. This results in a better flush and improves
the hygiene of the toilet. Then fill the tank with fresh water using a jerry can or hose. Tank Capacity
is 7 litres (fig.7).
4.12.2 Operation
viii. Turn the bowl into most comfortable position (fig.8). The toilet can be used with the blade open or
closed. If closed go to step ix. If open go to step xi.
ix.
Before using the toilet it is recommended to flush some water into the bowl by lifting and pressing
down the flush handle (fig.9) or by pressing down the flush button for the CWE version.
x.
After use open the blade, if it is still closed, by pushing the blade-handle anticlockwise (fig.10).
xi.
To flush, lift the flush handle and press it down (fig.11) for manual toilets or press the electric flush
switch for the C-200 CWE. After flushing, close the blade by pushing the blade handle clockwise.
4.12.3 Emptying the holding tank
The holding tank capacity is approx. 17 litres and the tank should be emptied when the waste level
indicator lights up. The waste level indicator light lights up when the tank holds more than 15 litres of
waste.
▲ Do not allow the holding tank to become over filled.
xii. Make sure the valve blade is closed. Open the access door and remove the holding tank. The
holding tank can only be removed when the valve-blade is closed (fig.12).
xiii. Carry the holding tank to a normal household type toilet or other authorised disposal point. Place
the holding tank in the vertical position and rotate the pour-out spout upwards (fig.13).
xiv. Remove the measuring cap. Grasp the unit by upper carrying handle nearest pour-out spout.
Place other hand on upper rear hand grip so that the vent button can be depressed with the thumb
while emptying. This ensures a smooth outflow of the tank contents (fig.14).
Only depress the vent button when pouring out spout is pointed downwards.
Rinse the holding tank with clean water. For preparing to use again, see steps 1 to 7. Replace the
waste holding tank and lock the access door.
4.12.4 Cleaning and Maintenance
The largest seal, the seal for the ventilation and the seal for the cap are made from rubber. These seals
have to be cleaned regularly (once or twice a month, depending on the frequency of use). For best
results, use Thetford Bathroom Spray.
Large seal: Remove the sliding cover and open the blade. Clean the seal with water and dry it, then
spray with Thetford Maintenance Spray.
Ventilation seal: Turn the automatic vent 60o anti clockwise and take it out. Clean the seal with water
and dry it.
Cap seal: Clean the seal with water, dry it and use Thetford Maintenance Spray or Olive Oil.
Waste tank: Empty the tank and rinse it with clean water.
Cassette toilet: Use Thetford Bathroom cleaner or diluted washing-up liquid to clean the bowl, seat
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Caravan Equipment
and cover and the outside of the toilet. When the toilet is not going to be used for a long time, leave the
cap off the pour-out spout and leave the blade open so the cassette can dry.
▲ Never use household cleaners (bleach, solvents or other powerful cleaning agents). These
may cause permanent damage to the seals and other toilet components.
4.12.5 Winterising / Storage
The Thetford Cassette is easily winterised for storage.
Empty as much flush water as possible by using the flush handle to empty the water into the waste
tank.
Once the pump has been cleared of water place appropriate size container under the drain plug. Empty
any remaining water from the fresh water tank by taking out the drain plug (fig. 15). Empty the holding
tank and clean the unit as described above. Clean the seals and lubricate them where appropriate after
drying. (See cleaning and maintenance).
4.12.6 Cold weather use
The toilet can be used in cold weather conditions provided that the toilet is in heated surroundings.
When the vehicle is not heated for more than a day or night, winterise the cassette.
4.12.7 High altitude and hot weather use
Pressure may build up in the holding tank if the tank is not inserted while driving at high altitudes or in
warm weather conditions. The automatic holding tank vent will vent the tank when there is over or
under pressure.
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4.13
4
THE THETFORD CASSETTE C-250 (Pageant & Senator)
4.13.1 Introduction
The Thetford Cassette Toilet is a high quality product. The toilet forms an integral part of your caravan
or camper bathroom, thanks to its functional design which combines modern styling and ease of use.
The C-250 Cassette Toilet is manufactured from high quality synthetic materials which makes it a
durable, user and maintenance friendly toilet.
The toilet is made up of two parts: a permanently fixed part and a Waste Holding Tank that is accessible
from the outside. The removable Waste Holding Tank is located under the toilet bowl and can be
removed via a door on the outside of the caravan or camper. The Thetford Cassette Toilet is the solution
to the sanitary problem in your caravan or camper!
The operating instructions cover Thetford Cassette Toilet models C-250S, C-250CS (models connected
to the vehicle’s central water tank) and C-250CWE (model with its own flush-water tank). There are
differences in the use of these models. Please ensure that you follow the instructions that apply to your
toilet model.
PARTS
Optional Features
a) Removable Seat and Lid
p) Electric Blade
b) Swivelling Toilet Bowl
q) Automatic Ventilator
c) Blade Handle
r) Waste Pump-Out System
d) Flush Button
s) Waste Holding Tank Multi-Level Indicator
e) Waste Holding Tank Level Indicator
t) Flush-Water Tank Level Indicator (only if toilet
has its own flush-water tank)
f) Water Filling Door (only if toilet has own
flush-water tank)
g) Rotating Emptying Spout
Note. Optional features can be bought from
Thetford dealerships.
h) Automatic Pressure Release Vent
i) Sliding Cover
j) Removable Mechanism
k) Vent Plunger
l) Pull-out Handle
m) Wheels
n) Blade Openener
o) Access Door to Waste Holding Tank
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Standard C250
Control panel (with optional features)
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Optional features C250
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4
4.13.2 Preparing for use (standard)
1.
Open the access door on the outside of your caravan or camper.
2.
Remove the Waste Holding Tank by pulling the safety catch (which holds the tank in place) upwards.
3.
Pull the Waste Holding Tank outward to the stop. Tip it slightly and take the tank fully out.
4.
Place the tank upright and turn the rotating emptying spout upwards. The emptying spout ensures
that the tank can be easily and hygienically emptied.
5.
Remove the cap, with the measuring cup inside, from the emptying spout and pour the correct
dosage of Thetford toilet fluid (see product label) into the holding tank. This avoids unpleasant
smells and keeps the inside of the tank clean. Next add approximately 2 litres of water - enough to
ensure that the bottom of the Waste Holding Tank is covered. Far more information on Thetford
toilet fluids, see last page of this manual. Screw the cap back onto the emptying spout and turn
back to its original position.
▲ The Emptying Spout Measuring Cap is supplied in the same packaging as this manual.
▲ Never add toilet fluid directly via the blade or the toilet bowl as this could damage the lip
seal of the Waste Holding Tank. Always pour the fluids via the emptying spout.
6.
Slide the Waste Holding Tank back into its original position via the access door. Make sure that it
is secured with the safety catch. Close the access door and lock it. Your Thetford toilet is now
ready to use.
▲ Never use force if you cannot get the tank back into place easily. This may cause serious
damage. If blockage occurs, always check if the blade handle is in the correct (closed)
position.
7.
For toilets with own Flush-Water Tank: Open the water filling door and fill the flush-water tank with
the correct dosage of Aqua Rinse. This Thetford toilet fluid keeps the flush water fresh and improves
the flushing. Next, fill up the flush-water tank with clean water (approximately 8 litres) using a ferry
can or hose. Your toilet is now ready to use.
4.13.3 Preparing for use with Optional Features
8.
Automatic Ventilator: Open the access door on the outside of your caravan and remove the Waste
Holding Tank (as described above).
9.
Remove the filter housing cover and if no filter is present, place a new filter into the filter housing.
Peel off the sticker lids on the filter. Place back the cover of the filter housing.
4.13.4 Using the toilet (standard)
10. Turn the bowl to the desired position with the lid closed and using both hands.
11. To activate the control panel, press the flush-button once. The control panel display will stay activated
for approximately 5 minutes. Run some water into the bowl by pressing the flush button again
briefly.
12. The toilet may be used with the blade open or closed. To open the blade, slide the blade handle
under the toilet bowl sideways. After use, open the blade (if still closed) and flush the toilet by
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pressing the flush button for several seconds (if necessary re-activate the control panel). Close
the blade after use.
▲ If your toilet has its own flush-water tank, please make sure that you do not travel with a
flush-water tank that is too full. Do not travel with water in the toilet bowl. Failure to
adhere to this notice may result in water damage to your caravan or motor home.
4.13.5 Using the toilet with Optional Features
13. Electric Blade: Push the electric blade button on the control display to electrically open or close the
blade. In the case of failure, you can manually open or close the blade by sliding the small handle
under the toilet bowl sideways.
14. Automatic Ventilator: The ventilator automatically starts when the control panel is activated (by
pressing the flush button) and will automatically shut off after approximately 5 minutes. The Automatic
Ventilator Indicator will flash until automatic shut-off occurs. If you want to stop the ventilator, press
the Automatic Ventilator button. If you want to re-start the ventilator, press the button again (the
LED will start flashing again).
15. Flush Water Tank Level Indicator (only for toilets with own flush-water tank): When the Flush
Water Tank Level Indicator lights up, refill the flush-water tank, as only about 1.5 litres of water is
left in the tank, which is sufficient for approximately 2 flushes.
4.13.6 Emptying
The Waste Holding Tank has a capacity of 18 litres and requires emptying when the red light (LED) on
the toilet control display lights up, when the Waste Holding Tank only has capacity for approximately 2
more litres, which is no more than two to three further uses.
Make sure that the blade is closed. Open the access door located outside the vehicle, pull the safety
catch upwards and remove the Waste Holding Tank.
16. Place the Waste Holding Tank in an upright position (Pull-Out Handle at the top, Wheels at the
bottom). Slide the handle sideways - to the front of the tank - until it snaps out of its locked position.
17. Pull the handle up and wheel the Waste Holding Tank to an authorized waste disposal point.
18. Push the handle back into its locked position. Turn the emptying spout upwards and remove the
cap from the spout. Hold the Waste Holding Tank in such a way that during emptying you can
operate the vent plunger with your thumb. To empty the tank without splashing, depress the vent
plunger while emptying the tank. After emptying, rinse the tank and blade thoroughly with water.
▲ Do not seriously shake the tank or use high pressure water cleaners. This may cause
damage to the tank’s interior.
▲ The vent plunger should only be depressed once the emptying spout is pointing
downwards. Prepare the toilet for re-use if required. Slide the Waste Holding Tank into
the toilet and close the access door.
4.13.7 Emptying with Optional Features
19. Waste Holding Tank Multi-Level Indicator: The lower lamp indicates that the Waste Holding Tank is
almost empty; the middle lamp indicates that it is more than half full; when the upper lamp lights
up, the tank needs emptying as it can only take 2 - 3 further uses.
▲ The Waste Holding Tank Level Indicator will flash when the holding tank is not present. In
this case the toilet will not flush.
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4
20. Waste Pump-Out System: When activating the control panel this feature automatically lights up.
When the Waste Holding Tank Level Indicator illuminates, press the Waste Pump-Out button to
pump out the waste from the holding tank into the vehicle’s waste tank. The button will flash while
the waste is being pumped and will stop automatically (after approximately 5 minutes) when all
waste has been transferred. If the vehicle’s waste tank is full, the Waste Pump-Out light will flash
rapidly and no pump-out will be possible until the central tank is emptied. (Check the level of the
vehicle’s waste tank on the vehicle’s central console). After the Waste Holding Tank has been
emptied, there will be approximately 1.5 litres of waste left in the tank. This is normal. Add 2 litres
of water and a correct dosage of Thetford toilet fluids to the Waste Holding Tank.
▲ It is vital that the correct amount of toilet fluid is added to ensure the proper breakdown of
the waste in the holding tank. Only use the system when the tank is full. Using the system
too often on an empty tank can cause damage to the pump, which could cause the
system to fail.
4.13.8 Cleaning and Maintenance
The toilet should be cleaned and maintained regularly, depending on the amount of use. To clean
Thetford toilets, we advise using water and Thetford Bathroom Cleaner.
▲ Never use bleach, vinegar or other powerful household cleaners that contain these
substances. These may cause permanent damage to the seals and other toilet
components.
Toilet Bowl
-
Squirt Thetford Bathroom Cleaner into the toilet bowl.
-
Flush the toilet bowl with water and wipe down the rest of the toilet with a damp cloth.
-
Clean seat and lid The seat and lid can easily be removed: Lift the seat and lid assembly and pull
the round pins (inside the assembly) outwards from the pin holes. After cleaning, replace the seat
and lid by positioning the round pins in front of the pin holes and push the lid and seat downwards.
-
To keep your flush water fresh and to prevent deposits from forming in your toilet bowl, add a
correct dosage of Aqua Rinse in your flush water tank, if present, on your toilet.
Tip! For a really shining toilet, dry with a soft dry cloth after cleaning.
4.13.9 Waste Holding Tank
To keep your Waste Holding Tank fresh and clean, Thetford has developed a number of different toilet
fluids. Thetford toilet fluids suppress smells, reduce formation of gas, promote breakdown of toilet
waste and increase the life span of a mobile toilet. We advise a thorough cleaning of the Waste Holding
Tank once each season. Next to using Thetford’s Cassette Tank Cleaner, the powerful cleaning agent
for the periodical cleaning of the Waste Holding Tank of your toilet, we suggest the following: -
Remove the removable mechanism from the Waste Holding Tank by turning it anti-clockwise and
rinse it under a tap.
-
Remove the cover plate from the Automatic Pressure Release Vent by prising it up using a small
screwdriver. Use one hand to push the Automatic Pressure Release Vent open while holding the
float of the Automatic Pressure Release Vent on the inside of the tank with the other hand. Push
the float upwards, turn it 180 degrees and remove it from below. Remove the rubber seal underneath
the float. Rinse the float and rubber seal under a tap. Replace the rubber seal and float for the
Automatic Pressure Release Vent using the same method in reverse.
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The rubber seals in the toilet (the lip seal, the mechanism seal, the automatic pressure release vent
seal and the cap seal) should be regularly cleaned with water and treated with Thetford High Grade
Seal Lubricant. This will ensure that the seals remain flexible and in good condition. If the toilet is not to
be used for any length of time, it is important to treat the seals with Thetford High Grade Seal Lubricant
after cleaning.
▲ Never use Vaseline or any vegetable oil except olive oil. These may cause leakage or
malfunction. The lip seal is a part of the toilet that is subject to wear. Depending upon the
extent and manner of use, the seals will become less effective and will need replacing
periodically.
4.13.10 Cleaning and Maintenance for Optional Features
-
Automatic Ventilation: The filter of the Automatic Ventilation needs to be renewed periodically.
After approximately 4 full weeks of use, the filter loses its absorption power.
-
Pump-Out Waste System: To ensure optimal functionality of the Pump-Out Waste System, periodical
maintenance of the tube and pump is recommended. After emptying the Waste Holding Tank
completely, fill it with clean water and empty it again. This will clean the pump and the hose. Do this
once every 3 weeks when on holiday. This should ensure proper operation of the system.
4.13.11 Winter operation
You can use your Thetford Cassette Toilet as normal in cold weather as long as the toilet is situated in
a heated location. If there is a risk of freezing we advise that the toilet is drained by following the
instructions under ‘Storage’. For environmental reasons the use of antifreeze, such as that used in car
radiators, is not recommended.
4.13.12 Storage
It is important that you follow the instructions below if you do not expect to use your Thetford toilet for a
long (winter) period.
-
Activate the Control Panel by pressing the flush button. Open the blade and press the flush button
until water stops flowing into the bowl. Close the blade. Open the access door on the outside of
your caravan or camper and empty the Waste Holding Tank at an authorized waste dump. Follow
the instructions for cleaning and maintenance. To allow the Waste Holding Tank to dry, do not
place the cap back on the emptying spout of the tank.
21. If the toilet has its own flush-water tank, place a sufficiently large bowl under the drain tube to
catch the remaining water from the flush-water tank and remove the drain plug. When no more
water exits, put the drain plug on the drain tube, put it back in its original position and close the
access door. If the toilet is connected to the vehicle’s water tank, please follow your vehicle’s
instructions for draining the central water system. If your toilet is optionally featured with a Waste
Pump-Out System, take out the Waste Holding Tank and completely clean it (see Cleaning and
Maintenance). After cleaning, fill it with water, put it back and empty it via the waste pump-out
system. Repeat this twice.
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4.14
AL-KO SECURE
● Align the wheel so that the receiver can be
seen in the centre of the rim opening. DO NOT
use the rim opening in which the tyre valve is
fitted (Fig 1).
● Unscrew the plastic cap from the receiver and
store in the tool kit box. (When AL-KO Secure
is not in use, always screw the plastic cap in
place). (Fig 2).
● Insert the locking bolt into the rim specific
insert (Fig 3).
● Insert the locking bolt socket key (Fig 4).
● Line up the locking bolts and assembly with
the receiver (fig 5).
Fig 1
4
● Tighten the locking bolt socket using the wheel
spanner provided (or torque wrench as shown)
to wheel torque (ideally 86 Nm). (fig 6).
● Remove the locking bolt socket key. (fig 7).
● Insert barrel lock (Fig 8).
● Hold the lock fast and lock (Fig 9).
● The AL-KO Secure is now fitted (fig 10).
Fig 6
Fig 2
Fig 7
Fig 3
Fig 8
Fig 4
Fig 9
Fig 5
Fig 10
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4
4.15
Caravan Equipment
AL-KO ATC TRAILER CONTROL SYSTEM
AL-KO ATC is an electronic, emergency braking system for caravans and trailers. It automatically
recognises critical swinging motions and applies the caravan brakes accordingly to regain control of
the car and caravan.
▲ AL-KO ATC is a passive safety product and activates the braking system on the caravan
in unsafe driving conditions. The driver has a responsibility under law to ensure that the
elements of towing safety are met, including driving within the legal speed limit,
consideration of road, weather and other traffic conditions, correct loading and coupling
of the caravan.
ATC is designed to fit only on AL-KO Chassis and is not suitable for non AL-KO Chassis.
ATC only functions for caravans with a rigid towbar.
The electrical connection between the towing vehicle and caravan must be in good working order.
4.15.1 System requirements
ATC draws power from the towing vehicle towbar and requires connection to either:
Twin 7-pin connection - ATC can be connected via the auxiliary 12S (white/grey) plug and requires
power on pins 3 (earth) and 4 (permanent supply). Please ensure that your vehicle towbar is correctly
connected to ensure correct ATC operation. This can be checked with the use of a multimeter.
13 pin connection - ATC can be connected via the 13-pin plug and requires power on pins 9 (permanent
supply) and 13 (earth). Please ensure that your vehicle towbar is correctly connected to ensure correct
ATC operation. This can be checked with the use of a multimeter.
4.15.2 Operating instructions
After coupling the caravan correctly to the towing vehicle, connect the 12N and 12S plugs or the 13 pin
plug to the towbar.
Upon connection, ATC will carry out an initial self test and the LED light on the front fairing will light up
RED. During the self test, the sound of the push rod moving inside ATC can be heard. When the self
test is complete, the LED will turn GREEN or flashing GREEN to signal that ATC is active.
If the LED does not change to green, then ATC is not functioning correctly.
▲ Prior to commencing any journey, ensure that the caravan lighting is fully operational and
check the vehicle is loaded appropriately, the nose weight and tyre pressures are correct
and confirm that the caravan is coupled to the car correctly.
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4.16
4
OMNIVENT ROOFLIGHT MOUNTED EXTRACTION FAN
(Pageant & Senator only)
4.16.1 Use Ventilator (only for OMNIVENT 12V)
The ventilator is started by the switch marked < o > (extraction or intake)
The airflow is adjusted by the black switch:
position 1 = 7m3/min. (245 cft/min.) (10W - 0.8 A)
position 2 = 12m3/min. (420 cft/min.) (25W - 2.2 A)
position 3 = 20m3/min. (700 cft/min.) (60W - 5 A)
▲ Allow motor to stop completely before reversing the fan direction as this may overload the
12V supply.
▲ Do not start the fan at its highest speed setting (position 3). This may result in a blown fuse
due to the high ‘start up’ current.
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4.17
Caravan Equipment
THE ALKO CARAVAN CHASSIS
4.17.1 Chassis members
The recommended tow vehicle coupling height is 415 +/- 35mm from the ground to the centre of the
ball.
Manufactured from high quality steel, the chassis has extra deep sections to provide strength at points
of maximum stress. Large elongated holes are punched in the longitudinal and towbar, (‘A’ frame)
members, to reduce weight to a minimum. Each hole incorporates a return flange to maintain the
required strength and provide rigidity in the extra deep sections.
The chassis frame is of a bolted construction which, should the need arise, allows replacement of
individual parts.
The chassis is Hot Dipped Galvanised. This is regarded as one of the best forms of corrosion protection.
It does however require minimal maintenance in certain circumstances.
When new the chassis is of a bright and shining appearance. As the galvanising cures during the initial
2 to 3 month period, this will gradually change to a medium to dark grey colour. This grey finish is the
ideal, giving the correct protective coating. During this curing period the surface should be protected to
avoid possible wet storage stain, in the form of a soft, light coloured, porous, oxidation layer. If the
chassis members are in contact with any salt deposits from roads this should immediately be washed
off with a high pressure washer. Salt attracts moisture allowing the surfaces to remain wet, this prevents
curing and also allows formation of wet storage stain.
▲ It is recommended that the chassis be washed off, using a pressure washer on an annual
basis (particularly after winter usage) to avoid undesirable build up of salt and dirt deposits.
The galvanised chassis should not be painted or subjected to any other protective treatment.
Should the galvanising become superficially damaged exposing the steel core, this should be cleaned
and treated with a cold galvanising spray obtainable from vehicle accessory outlets.
Damage to chassis members through impact etc. must not be straightened or welded. Damaged chassis
members must be replaced.
4.17.2 Drilling or welding of parts or accessories
▲ This chassis is designed and built to precise tolerances and must not be drilled or welded.
4.17.3 Independent suspension
The ALKO rubber suspension is designed and developed to suit all types of road conditions and is
maintenance free. Three rubber elements are contained within a hexagonal axle tube. These provide
suspension and have inherent damping characteristics. (Only the hubs and wheel brakes require attention
- see axle booklet Part No. 580458).
4.17.4 Coupling head
The ball couplings are entirely automatic in operation and designed for one hand operation to suit the
50mm international ball recommended by the British Standards Institution, National Caravan Council
and the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.
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4
4.17.5 Operation : Type AK 160 & AK 300 Coupling Head
Lift locking trigger and lift handle upward and forward. Place the unlocked coupling onto the towing ball
and with the slightest downward pressure it will lock onto the ball automatically. Ensure locking trigger
returns to its free position before commencing to tow.
4.17.6 Secondary braking (Breakaway cable)
Please refer to details in Section 2.2.5, page 2-3.
4.17.7 Uncoupling
Having lowered the jockey wheel to the ground, operate the handle as previously described. Lift the
coupling clear of the towing ball either manually or by operating the telescopic jockey wheel.
▲ If the nose of the caravan is lifted manually the locking trigger (AK 160) must be engaged
first and the handle lifted forward.
4.17.8 Brake drum/hub assembly
The Euro Axle fitted to your Bailey caravan comes complete with maintenance-free wheel bearings
greased and serviced for life. Adjustment is not required during the design life of the sealed bearing
(100,000 km).
▲ If replacement of the brake drum or shoes is required, this must be carried out by authorised
AL-KO Service Centres. Specialist tools and equipment are required. The rear hexagonal
bolt covered by a black plastic cover must NEVER be touched.
4.17.9 Operating instructions
Coupling handle (Fig. 1/Item 1), Stabiliser Lever
(Fig. 1/Item 2)
The Stabiliser lever (Fig. 2/Item 2) must be in
the uppermost position (open).
4.17.10 Coupling
1) Pull the coupling handle (Fig. 3/Item 1) up in
the direction of arrow. The coupling
mechanism has an open position ie. as long
as the AKS 3004 is not placed on the ball, the
handle will remain open. Put the opened
coupling onto the clean towball. The handle
must now make an audible click and return to
the flat position.
▲ The coupling is correctly engaged when the green edge of the safety indicator button is
visible (Fig. 4/Item 3).
▲ Always ensure that the jockey wheel is fully raised and secure before commencing any
journey.
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Caravan Equipment
4.17.11 Stabiliser Unit:
2) To operate the Stabiliser (once coupled to the
towball), simple press the stabiliser lever down
as far as it will go (Fig. 4/Item 2).
4.17.12 Uncoupling
1) Pull the stabiliser lever handle up as far as it will
go, open the coupling handle and lift the
AKS 3004 from the towball. With larger nose
loads, coupling and uncoupling can be made
easier by using the jockey wheel to assist lifting.
Fig 3
▲ The friction pads are pressed against Fig 2
the towball and hence generate a
stabilising/damping force. These pads are therefore subject to wear over time, however
they will have a long service life (circa. 30,000 Miles), provided they are well maintained
and kept free of grease/dirt.
4.17.13 Checking the efficiency of the left/right friction pads:
1) Couple up AKS 3004
2) Open Stabiliser lever (Fig. 5/Item1).
3) Close Stabiliser lever until resistance is felt (ie
friction pads are in contact with the ball but not
yet under pressure).
4) If the arrow on the arm (Fig. 5/Item 4) is before
or on the marked area (Fig. 5/Item 2) the friction
pads are still as new (See A)
Fig 4
5) The arrow on the arm should lie between the
marked area on the soft dock (See B)
6) If the arrow on the plate reaches or passes the marked area on the soft dock then the friction pads
need replacing (See C).
▲ It is not necessary to adjust the friction
pads
4.17.14 Manoeuvring operation
For easier manoeuvring (on campsites etc), pull
the stabiliser lever to the ‘up’ position.
Please do not use the stabiliser lever as an
manoeuvring handle. Please use the handles on
the Caravan or fit the AL-KO manoeuvring handle
to your jockey wheel (available separately).
1) During opening or closing, the AKS must only
be operated by one person. 2) Press stabiliser lever
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Fig 5
Caravan Equipment
4
down by hand force only DO NOT use your foot or an extension bar, this
will damage the components (Fig. 6).
3) When opening or closing the stabiliser lever, please ensure your hand
does not touch the coupling handle - you may accidentally trap your
fingers! (Fig. 6).
4.17.15 Noises whilst driving
As a rule, the friction pads of the AKS 3004 do not make a noise during
driving. Any clicking, creaking or squeaking noises that do arise may be
due to the following:
a) Foreign bodies or dirt between the friction pad and tow ball. b) Dry
operation of the drawshaft inside the overrun device. c) A detachable
towball which has too much play in the locking mechanism.
4.17.16 Remedial Action
a) Clean the tow ball and friction pads by lightly rubbing the surface (100120 grit emery paper)
b) Lubricate the drawshaft sleeve via the grease nipples. In addition, push
the gaiter forward and grease (DIN 51 825 KTA 3K) the exposed part of
the shaft (Fig, 7).
Fig 6
c) Visit a specialist workshop to have the ball holding area
checked for damage and the locking mechanism for
function. If necessary, change the towball.
4.17.17 Storing
To reduce the possibility of contamination of component
parts of the AKS 3004 the stabilising handle should be
closed.
4.17.18 Towing ball
Fig 7
The automobile towing ball should measure 50mm
maximum and 49mm minimum diameter (DIN 74058). If
the ball is below 49mm diameter it should be replaced immediately.
4.17.19 Overrunning device
The device housing is packed with grease on assembly, but will require periodic maintenance to ensure
smooth operation of the braking system.
i. Regrease the shaft bearings via the grease nipples provided at 3000 mile intervals, and before
storage.
ii. Ensure correct functioning of all pivot pins and levers and oil regularly.
iii. Ensure correct functioning of handbrake ratchet and oil regularly.
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Caravan Equipment
4.17.20 Jockey wheel
Lubricate wheel and screw thread periodically with grease.
4.17.21 Brake linkage
All moving parts should be lubricated periodically to ensure their satisfactory operation.
4.17.22 Corner steadies
The screw and pivot pins should be lubricated periodically to ensure their satisfactory operation.
4.17.23 Braking system adjustment
(At 500 miles, then every 3,000 miles or 1 year)
i.
Ensure the towing shaft with coupling heads
is pulled fully forward (fig. 8).
ii.
Release the handbrake to the fully off
position. If the handbrake will not go down
the whole way because of the fairing or any
other obstruction; then the fairing must be
cut away and/or the obstruction removed to
achieve this desired position. It will not be
possible to set up the braking system
properly when the handbrake is not in the
fully off position (fig .8).
iii.
Jack up one side of the caravan (see Jack Operation
Instructions).
iv.
Remove the inner plastic bung from the backplate to expose
the ‘starwheel’ adjuster access (figs. 8 & 9).
v.
Always rotating the road wheel in the forward direction - never
backwards; adjust the starwheel with a suitable screwdriver, in
the direction of the arrow embossed on the backplate until there
is resistance in the wheel rotation (fig. 9).
vi.
Slacken off the starwheel adjuster until the road wheel turns
freely in the forward direction (fig. 9).
vii. Check the adjustment at the end of the brake cable where it is
secured to the abutment (bracket) welded to the centre of the
axle. When the inner cable is pulled out it should extend between
5 and 8 mm (fig. 8). (On tandem axles a double abutment is
fitted to the front axle only).
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
viii. Repeat for other wheel or wheels.
ix.
On tandem axles the brake cables from the rear axle should pass over this axle and cross over
each other before being connected to the abutment on the front axle.
x.
Ensure the balance bar (compensation) is being pulled evenly. This bar (double on tandem axles)
should always be paralleled with the axle tube when pulled (figs. 8 & 10). Adjust M8 lock and ball
nuts, if necessary, to achieve correct parallel position (fig. 10).
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xi.
4
Check the brake rod
support bracket, (fixed to
the floor) is supporting
the brake rod evenly.
The brake rod must
always run straight,
never bent or curved
under any fittings. On
tandem axles, using the
double balance bar, a
brake rod support tube
(Part No. 228827) must
always be fitted on the
end of the brake rod,
passing through the
centre aperture on the
abutment.
xii. Remove the slack in the
brake rod by adjusting
Fig. 10
the long ball nut, rear of
the balance bar, ensuring the overrun lever makes contact with the end of the towing shaft.
Over adjustment to the long ball nut (Fig 10), could induce movement of the inner brake cable, reducing
the effective clearance of the brake shoes. If the over run lever will not make contact, it is possible the
two lock nuts, forward of the spring cylinder, are incorrectly adjusted. Loosen the nuts and adjust the
brake rod as above (Figs 8 & 10).
xiii. Adjust the two locking nuts, forward of the spring cylinder (fig. 10), (on some chassis a single Nyloc
nut is used) to give 1mm of clearance on the spring cylinder. This cylinder (the energy store for the
handbrake operation) must be able to rotate only, not slide on the brake rod.
(See Fig. 10). If the overrun assembly is fitted with a gas strut handbrake then no spring cylinder is
fitted - therefore ignore this paragraph).
xiv. Correct adjustment of the linkage is checked by operating the handbrake lever so that when the
second or third tooth is engaged, a slight braking force is felt on the road wheels.
xv. Over adjustment of either the wheel brakes or linkage, will result in difficult reversing causing the
wheels to ‘lock-up’.
xvi. When parking, the handbrake lever must always be engaged into the fully upright position (90°).
This is to compress the spring within the spring cylinder and thereby create an energy store, which will
automatically engage the brakes further should the caravan move.
If difficulty is experienced in this operation, try easing the caravan backwards with one hand while
engaging the handbrake fully with the other. This manoeuvre should not be attempted on a rearwards
facing slope. In this case wheel chocks should be used combined with the handbrake.
xvii. Finally, if the road wheels have been removed, re-tighten using a calibrated Torque Wrench to 88
Nm (65 lb-ft) - on all M12 wheel bolts - in sequence, i.e. North, South, East, West not clock or
anticlockwise. Remember to overtighten is just as dangerous as to under-tighten, as this can distort the
wheel rims. Avoid the use of power wrenches.
▲ The torque settings should be rechecked after 50km / 30 miles. Wheel bolts should
never be lubricated.
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Caravan Equipment
▲ In order to operate the Al-Ko braking system correctly adequate traction of caravan wheels
is required when reversing. Therefore surface conditions that would result in a lack of
traction should be avoided. Example: Peas, shingle/loose gravel.
▲ Care should be taken when traversing ramps or other obstacles in order to prevent damage
to the caravan under gear. When approaching such obstacles reduce towing speed
appropriately.
4.17.24 Chassis Lubrication Points
1. Grease the drawbar in the area of the bellows.
2. Grease the bearing bush through the grease
nipples on the housing and the cartridge.
3. Grease the pivot bolt of the overrun lever and
handbrake levers through the grease nipple.
4. Grease the joint of the brade rod and fitting.
5. Oil the joints of the spring cylinder in the
handbrake lever.
Lubricant type: Multi-purpose grease to DIN
51825 KTA 3K4.
4.18
REMI CARE DOOR FLYSCREEN (Pageant)
Operating Instructions
4.18.1 To close REMIcare
Pull handle/crossbar across door aperture until hook engages on closing profile.
4.18.2 To open REMIcare
a) From inside.
To release hook, pull handle/crossbar slightly toward you then, still holding the handle/crossbar, allow
the tension to pull the flyscreen back into the cassette.
b) From outside.
To release hook, push handle/crossbar away from you then, still holding the handle/crossbar, allow the
tension to pull the fly creen back in o the cassette.
▲ To avoid damage to the tension mechanism DO NOT allow the flyscreen to “whiplash”
back into the cassette.
4.18.3 Cleaning
Use a damp cloth, and if necessary, a normal household cleaner without abrasives or solvents.
▲ Do not tow with flyscreen closed. Do not leave flyscreen closed for long periods (more
than 3 weeks).
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4.19
4
HEKI 2 ROOFLIGHT
Operating Instructions
▲ Before commencing any journey always ensure that the Heki 2 rooflight is fully closed
and both handles are securely fastened.
4.19.1 To open in the tilted position
a) Press the knob in the toggle catches on either side of the glass and turn through approx. 90 deg.
b) Grasp the metal bar in the middle, snap it out of its holder, swivel down and press the glass dome
upwards. (Glass dome is held by the two gas springs after approx. 150mm).
c) Swivel the metal bar towards the glass down and snap into its holder.
To close the glass dome, proceed with steps (a - c) in reverse order.
4.19.2 To open in the intermediate position
a) Open the toggle catches on either side of the glass.
b) Grasp the metal bar in the middle, snap it out of its holder, swivel down and press the glass dome
outwards. (Glass dome is opened automatically after approx. 150 mm by the two gas springs).
c) Open both fasteners and swivel the metal strap toward the intermediate position and pull the glass
dome down until the metal strap is stopped by the fasteners.
d) Safeguard the metal strap with both fasteners.
To close Heki 2, proceed with steps (a - d) in reverse order.
4.19.3 To open in the ventilation position
a) Open the toggle catches on either side of the glass.
b) Using both hands on the two toggle catches, press the glass dome up about 2 cm and fasten the
toggle catches in the corresponding setting.
To close Heki 2, proceed with steps (a - b) in reverse order.
4.19.4 Closing the blinds
a) To close the blinds, take hold of the end rod (without rocker) in the recessed grip and engage in the
opposite end rod (with rocker).
▲ In extremely bright sunshine, the black-out blind must only be closed two-thirds, and the
pane must be set in the “continuous airing” position.
b) Select the required position (black-out / flyscreen) by moving both joined end rods together.
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4.19.5 Opening the blinds
a) Move blind (end rod with rocker) right to the outside.
b) Hold the recessed grip with one hand; with the other hand, press the rocker and move the blind back
(do not let it recoil).
▲ Do not stand on the acrylic glass dome.
▲ Close Heki 2 completely before moving off.
▲ Do not leave your vehicle when Heki 2 is open.
▲ Please consult your local dealer if you have any problems or defects.
▲ Remove any snow/ice or dirt before opening the roof.
▲ Do not open when it rains or when there is a strong wind.
4.19.6 Care Instructions
Please clean the acrylic panes with the Seitz Acrylic Cleaner.
Stains and light scratches on the acrylic pane can be removed by using the Seitz Acrylic Polish and the
Seitz special polishing cloth.
Only use water and mild soap suds to clean the blinds.
The guarantee becomes null and void if these instructions are not followed.
4.20
SENATOR CASSETTE COMBINATION WINDOW BLINDS
Operating Instructions
In contrast to conventional double blinds, two different blinds are combined together into just one.
Plissé and insect-protection screen are to a certain extent “in circuit in series”. The pleated material can
be drawn down from above in stepless manner to the desired position. If, however, one wants to have
just the flyscreen function, the pleated material is first drawn right down. Then one uses the handle at
the top of the pleated material - this at the same time is the lower handle of the flyscreen.
This can also be set in stepless manner to the desired position. In this way one can let fresh air come
in while keeping insects out at the top and at the same time have good privacy and good protection
from insects at the bottom.
▲ The screens are controlled by tension springs. Do not let the screens ‘whiplash’ back into
the cassette. It is not advisable to keep the blinds closed when travelling for periods of 2
weeks or more.
4.20.1 Tensioning
The blind spring may be tensioned using a small screwdriver. Pull off the corner pieces and turn the
tension screw 1 or 2 times in a clockwise direction. Repeat if necessary but do not over tighten.
▲ Blinds may periodically require retentioning. It should be noted that this will be carried out
as a service item and is not covered under warranty.
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4.21
4
DISCOVERY, RANGER & PAGEANT COMBINATION WINDOW BLINDS
Operation and Care
The cassette contains a sun screen and a fly screen blind.
The fly screen is operated by gently pulling down the handle nearest the window. It is designed to be
either fully up or fully down. Push the handle towards the window until the crossbar hooks into the
catch. To release blind push the handle downwards and gently towards you. This will unhook the catch
and the blind can be raised.
The sun screen blind is operated in the same way with the exception that it can be positioned at various
‘stop’ points.
▲ With both blinds it is important to guide the blind back into the cassette taking care not to
allow it to re-wind too fast as this will damage the spring.
4.21.1 Retensioning
REMIflair blinds are delivered with the correct amount of tension in the spring. However, it may be
necessary in the future to adjust the spring. On the left hand side of the cassette you will find two
tensioning screws. The top one is for the fly screen and the lower screw is for the sun screen. Rotate
clockwise 1 or 2 turns until the correct tension is reached. The blinds should rewind without stopping or
in a sluggish manner. Take care no to over tighten the spring.
4.21.2 Cleaning
Clean the cassette, side tracks and fabrics with warm water and a mild detergent. Avoid the use of
cleaners with solvents or abrasives.
▲ It is not recommended to leave the blinds pulled down for long periods of time. This can
result in material distortion and spring fatigue.
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4.22
Caravan Equipment
TRACKER MONITOR
Operating Instructions
Tracker Monitor for caravans is armed and disarmed by an alarm. Triggering the alarm siren does NOT
generate an alert from the Tracker Monitor unit.
4.22.1 To arm
To arm the Tracker Monitor system, press the button on the remote control once. The siren will bleep
twice.
After 45 seconds the alarm system will arm. After a further five minute delay the Tracker Monitor system
will arm.
The siren will be triggered if the caravan is towed, moved or lifted onto the back of a trailer. The siren
will sound for five minutes unless stopped by the user. The Tracker Monitor sensor must detect movement
over a longer period before it will send an alert. Therefore if the siren is triggered accidentally it will not
send a false alert. The siren can also be triggered by a passive infrared detector (PIR) (optional, see
your caravan dealer).
4.22.2 To disarm
To disarm the Tracker Monitor system press the button on the remote control once. The siren will beep
once and the Tracker Monitor system will disarm. If already sounding, the siren will be silenced.
Tracker Monitor is supplied with one remote control unit. Additional units may be ordered from your
caravan dealer.
4.22.3 Winter storage
Before storing the caravan for winter, please ensure that the leisure battery is fully charged. Dependent
on the battery’s capacity and age, it will require recharging at intervals of between three to six months.
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4.23 STATUS 315 OMNI-DIRECTIONAL TELEVISION & FM RADIO
ANTENNA (Ranger only)
04-2064/5 Model
04-2064/10 Model
Frequency Range
Amplifier Gain
Gain Adjustment
Flatness
Noise Figure
Output Impedence
Output
Power Supply
Power Consumption
5 metres coaxial cable
10 metres coaxial cable
UHF 470-860 MHz
VHF 40-230 MHz
FM 88 - 108 MHz
18 db*
15 db
± 2 db
3 db
75 ohms
98 dbuv
12-24V DC
35 ma
4.23.1 Travelling
▲ Do not travel when using the suction pad facility.
4.23.2 Operating the System
1. Switch ON the Power Pack and the red LED will illuminate.
2. Check the gain control switch is set to the normal ‘NML’ position (switch UP).
3. Turn on your television set and tune in. This may be necessary at all new locations.
4.23.3 Removing the Antenna
A permanently fitted Status may be removed if there are severe height restrictions, leaving only the
Mounting Foot in place.
1. Unplug the antenna from the Power Pack. On the adapter, loosen the two grub screws and lift off
whilst carefully feeding out the coaxial cable with plug attached.
2. Push the Blanking Cap supplied into place to cover the central hole.
4.23.4 Removing the Pinnacle
This may be necessary should you wish to reduce the overall height of the antenna by 90 mm.
1. Simply unscrew the Pinnacle and remove. The antenna is designed to remain watertight without the
Pinnacle.
2. To replace, simply screw in and tighten BY HAND.
▲ The Pinnacle is an integral part of the antenna and critical to its performance. When in
use always ensure the Pinnacle is fitted.
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4.23.5 Fault Finding
The following are some of the key areas we suggest you check which generally solve the most common
problems encountered with the operation of the Status antenna.
Coaxial Plugs
It is critical that all coaxial plugs in the system are fitted correctly. Please check each individual plug
ensuring it is wired correctly. Secondly please ensure only quality plugs have been used.
Coaxial Cable
Sharp bends, kinks and hot surfaces can easily damage coaxial cable and should be avoided. An
inspection of the cable routing is recommended to ensure all is correct. Coaxial cable, if placed in close
proximity to electrical cables, transformers or other pieces of electrical equipment, may pick up electrical
interference causing picture quality to deteriorate, especially in poor reception areas. Excess cable
should be removed and NOT coiled as this may cause picture distortion.
Pinnacle
The pinnacle is essential for the optimum performance of the antenna and therefore should be in place
when the antenna is in use.
Gain Control Switch
This switch should be set to the normal ‘NML’ position for general use. The Low setting may be used
when situated close to TV transmitters where strong signals may be affecting the quality of the picture.
Red LED Light
Should the red LED on the Power Pack not light, first try unplugging the cable connected to the Antenna
Dome from the ‘ANT-IN’ socket. If the LED then illuminates the fault lies with either the coaxial plug or
the coaxial cable, please refer to these areas described earlier.
If the LED is still not lit, contact our office for further assistance.
Short Hook up Test
This test isolates parts of your system leaving only the TV and the Status antenna linked directly
together.
Firstly, unplug the coaxial plugs from the ‘TV-FM’ sockets of the Power Pack which will be connected to
a TV outlet socket.
With your TV fly lead, connect your TV direct to the Power Pack, plugging into one of the ‘TV-FM’
sockets.
Ensure the antenna dome is plugged directly into the ‘ANT-IN’ socket of the Power Pack and switch on.
Tune in your TV for the strongest signal.
If the picture quality is improved the fault lies with the wiring of the system between the Power Pack and
the TV outlet socket.
Antenna Dome Coaxial Cable
Check the routing of the coaxial cable from the Antenna Dome to the Power Pack. Check to ensure
there are no kinks or trapped cable or if there are loops of surplus cable which could be affecting
performance.
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Caravan Equipment
4.24 STATUS 530 DIRECTIONAL TELEVISION & FM RADIO ANTENNA
(Pageant & Senator)
Frequency Range
Antenna Forward Gain
Amplifier Gain
Gain Adjustment
Flatness
Noise Figure
Output Impedence
Output
Power Supply
Power Consumption
TV lead
UHF 470-860 MHz
VHF 40-230 MHz
FM 88 - 108 MHz
7db
18 db*
15 db
± 1.52 db
3 db
75 ohms
98 dbuv
12-24V DC
35 ma
2 metres
4.24.1 Travelling
Do not travel:
With the Antenna raised.
With the Antenna set for vertical signals.
With the Telescopics extended.
When travelling adjust the antenna so that it points to the rear of the vehicle to reduce the possibility of
damage when travelling.
The RED SPOT on the bottom of the mast indicates the front of the Antenna.
4.24.2 Operating the System
Firstly determine the approximate location of the nearest transmitter and whether the signals are
horizontally or vertically polarised. For assistance ask your site operator or check other antennas in the
vicinity.
1.
Loosen the Mast Locking Collar and Wall Bracket* and raise the antenna. Turn the mast to direct
the antenna towards the TV transmitter. The RED SPOT on the bottom of the mast indicates the
front of the Antenna.
2.
When receiving vertically polarised signals, rotate the Winder anti-clockwise to cant the antenna
through 90°. DO NOT over tighten or use undue force on the winder.
DO NOT cant for vertically polarised signals with the TELESCOPICS EXTENDED.
3.
Switch ON the power pack and the red LED will illuminate.
4.
Check the gain control switch is set to normal - ‘NML’.
5.
Tune your television into the strongest signal. You may need to adjust the direction of the mast to
achieve the best picture quality.
6.
Secure by tightening the Mast Locking Collar and Wall Bracket*.
4.24.3 VHF Television Reception (Overseas Only)
1.
Extend the two telescopic antennas.
2.
Tune your Television into the strongest signal. You may need to adjust the direction of the Antenna
to achieve the best picture quality.
3.
For fine tuning of VHF you may also need to adjust the length of the telescopics.
IMPORTANT - VHF TV transmissions are ONLY horizontally polarised.
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4.24.4 Fault Finding
The following are some of the key areas we suggest you check which generally solve the most common
problems encountered with the operation of the Status antenna.
Coaxial Plugs
It is critical that all coaxial plugs in the system are fitted correctly. Please check each individual plug
ensuring it is wired correctly. Secondly please ensure only quality plugs have been used.
Coaxial Cable
Sharp bends, kinks and hot surfaces can easily damage coaxial cable and should be avoided. An
inspection of the cable routing is recommended to ensure all is correct. Coaxial cable, if placed in close
proximity to electrical cables, transformers or other pieces of electrical equipment, may pick up electrical
interference causing picture quality to deteriorate, especially in poor reception areas. Excess cable
should be removed and NOT coiled as this may cause picture distortion.
Gain Control Switch
This switch should be set to the normal ‘NML’ position for general use. The Low setting may be used
when situated close to TV transmitters where strong signals may be affecting the quality of the picture.
Red LED Light
Should the red LED on the Power Pack not light, first try unplugging the cable connected to the Antenna
Dome from the ‘ANT-IN’ socket. If the LED then illuminates the fault lies with either the coaxial plug or
the coaxial cable, please refer to these areas described earlier.
If the LED is still not lit, contact our office for further assistance.
Short Hook up Test
This test isolates parts of your system leaving only the TV and the Status antenna linked directly
together.
Firstly, unplug the coaxial plugs from the ‘TV-FM’ sockets of the Power Pack which will be connected to
a TV outlet socket.
With your TV fly lead, connect your TV direct to the Power Pack, plugging into one of the ‘TV-FM’
sockets.
Ensure the antenna dome is plugged directly into the ‘ANT-IN’ socket of the Power Pack and switch on.
Tune in your TV for the strongest signal.
If the picture quality is improved the fault lies with the wiring of the system between the Power Pack and
the TV outlet socket.
Antenna Dome Coaxial Cable
Check the routing of the coaxial cable from the Antenna Dome to the Power Pack. Check to ensure
there are no kinks or trapped cable or if there are loops of surplus cable which could be affecting
performance.
▲ It is the responsibility of the caravan owner to make sure that the directional aerial is fully
retracted before the caravan is moved. Any damage as a result of neglect, i.e. not retracting
the aerial, caused by crash damage, vandalism or incorrect operation will NOT be covered
by the manufacturers warranty.
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4.25
4
DAEWOO MICROWAVE OVEN
4.25.1 Precautions to avoid possible exposure to excessive microwave energy
▲ Do not attempt to operate this oven with the door open since open-door operation can
result in harmful exposure to microwave energy. It is important not to defeat or tamper
with the safety interlocks.
▲ Do not place any object between the oven front face and the door or allow soil or cleaner
residue to accumulate on sealing surfaces.
▲ Do not operate the oven if it is damaged. It is particularly important that the oven door
close properly and that there is no damage to the (1) door (bent), (2) hinges and latches
(broken or loosened), (3) door seals and sealing surfaces.
▲ The oven should not be adjusted or repaired by anyone except properly qualified service
personnel.
SYMBOL
POWER
LEVEL
OUTPUT
POWER
Gentle heating
120W
Heat
230W
Defrost
310W
400W
Low stage
400W
550W
Medium
550W
660W
Medium high
660W
MAX
High
770W
FEATURES:
1 - Glass Cooking tray.
2 - Roller guide. This must always be used for cooking together with the glass cooking tray.
3 - Knob VPC. Used to select a microwave power level.
4 - Knob timer. Used in setting cooking time for all functions.
4.25.2 Operational Procedure
This section includes useful information about oven operation.
1.
Connect the mains lead to an electrical outlet.
2.
After placing the food, in a suitable container, open the oven door and put it on the glass tray. The
glass tray and roller guide must always be in place during cooking.
3.
Shut the door. Make sure that it is firmly closed. When the oven door is opened, the light turns off.
The oven door can be opened at any time during operation by pressing the door release button on
the control panel. The oven will automatically shut off.
4.
Set the variable power control to the desired power level.
5.
Set the operating time by turning the timer control to the desired cook time and the microwave
cooking starts.
• If setting the timer control for less than 2 minutes, turn it past 2 minutes and then back to the desired time.
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6.
Caravan Equipment
Microwave energy will be turned off automatically when the timer reaches “OFF”. Then food can
be taken out of the oven.
• To prevent the oven from operating with the door open, your microwave oven is fitted with safety door
interlock switches.
• If you wish to inspect the food while it is cooking simply open the door. The oven will automatically
stop cooking. To continue cooking, you simply close the door.
• If you wish to stop cooking, simply turn the timer knob to the “OFF” position. Cooking can be reset at
any time during the cooking cycle by turning the timer control.
• Do not let the timer continue to operate after removing or when there is no food.
4.25.3 Microwave Cooking Utensils
Recommended Use
Glass and glass-ceramic bowls and dishes - Use for heating or cooking.
Microwave browning dish - Use to brown the exterior of small items such as steaks, chops, or pancakes.
Follow the directions provided with your browning dish.
Microwaveable plastic wrap - Use to retain steam. Leave a small opening for some steam to escape
and avoid placing it directly on the food.
Wax paper - Use as a cover to prevent spattering.
Paper towels and napkins - Use for short term heating and covering; they absorb excess moisture and
prevent spattering. Do not use recycled paper towels, which may contain metal and can catch fire.
Paper plates and cups - Use for short-term heating at low temperatures. Do not use recycled paper,
which may contain metal and can catch fire.
Thermometers - Use only those labelled “Microwave Safe” and follow all directions. Check the food in
several places. Conventional thermometers may be used once the food has been removed from the
oven.
Limited Use
Aluminum foil - Use narrow strips of foil to prevent overcooking of exposed areas. Using too much foil
can damage your oven, so be careful.
Ceramic, porcelain, and stoneware - Use these if they are labelled “Microwave Safe”. If they are not
labelled, test them to make sure they can be used safely. Never use dishes with metallic trim.
Plastic - Use only if labeled “Microwave Safe”. Other plastics can melt.
Straw, wicker, and wood - Use only for short-term heating, as they can be flammable.
Not Recommended
Glass jars and bottles - Regular glass is too thin to be used in a microwave, and can shatter.
Paper bags - These are a fire hazard, except for popcorn bags that are designed for microwave use.
Styrofoam plates and cups - These can melt and leave an unhealthy residue on food.
Plastic storage and food containers - Containers such as margarine tubs can melt in the microwave.
Metal utensils - These can damage your oven. Remove all metal before cooking.
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4.25.4 Cooking Techniques
Stirring
Stir foods such as casseroles and vegetables while cooking to distribute heat evenly. Food at the
outside of the dish absorbs more energy and heats more quickly, so stir from the outside to the center.
The oven will turn off when you open the door to stir your food.
Arrangement
Arrange unevenly shaped foods, such as chicken pieces or chops, with the thicker, meatier parts toward
the outside of the turntable where they receive more microwave energy. To prevent overcooking, place
thin or delicate parts toward the center of the turntable.
Shielding
Shield food with narrow strips of aluminum foil to prevent overcooking. Areas that need shielding include
poultry wing-tips, the ends of poultry legs, and corners of square baking dishes. Use only small amounts
of aluminum foil. Larger amounts can damage your oven.
Turning
Turn foods over midway through cooking to expose all parts to microwave energy. This is especially
important with large items such as roasts.
Standing
Foods cooked in the microwave build up internal heat and continue to cook for a few minutes after the
oven stops. Let foods stand to complete cooking, especially foods such as roasts and whole vegetables.
Roasts need this time to complete cooking in the centre without overcooking the outer areas. All liquids,
such as soup or hot chocolate, should be shaken or stirred when cooking is complete. Let liquids stand
a moment before serving. When heating baby food, stir well and test the temperature before serving.
Adding Moisture
Microwave energy is attracted to water molecules. Food that is uneven in moisture content should be
covered or allowed to stand so that the heat disperses evenly. Add a small amount of water to dry food
to help it cook
4.25.5 Cooking Utensils
Utensils should be checked to ensure that they are suitable for use in microwave ovens.
Microwave energy is produced by high frequency radio waves. They are reflected from metal, but will
pass through most cooking utensils without heating them.
As the waves come into contact with the food, they are converted into heat energy. Listed below are the
suggested cooking utensils for this microwave oven and when to use them. Metal utensils and dishes
with metal trim must not be used in the microwave oven (this will cause sparking).
1.
Glass or ceramic heat proof dishes - excellent for microwave cooking.
2.
China dishes and plates without metal trim may be used to cook and heat individual portions of
food.
3.
Wood or straw - use only for short period, wood contains some moisture and the microwave
energy may cause the wood to dry out and crack
4.
Aluminum foil may be used in very small pieces for shielding only. Any aluminum foil used should
never be closer than 2.5 cm from side walls of oven.
4-61
4
Caravan Equipment
5.
Plastic - most heat resistant plastic dinnerware may be used for heating food. However polyethylene,
melamine, phenol are unsuitable for use in the oven. They become hot in the microwave.
6.
Wax paper - use as a cover to avoid spatters.
4.25.6 Care and Cleaning
Although your oven is provided with safety features, it is important to observe the following:
1.
It is important not to deface or tamper with safety interlocks.
2.
Do not place any object between the oven front face and the door or allow residue to accumulate
on sealing surfaces. Wipe the sealing area frequently with a mild detergent, rinse and dry. Never
use abrasive powders or pads.
3.
When opened, the door must not be subjected to strain, for example, a child hanging on an opened
door or any load could cause the oven to fall forward to cause injury and also damage to the door.
Do not operate the oven if it is damaged, until it has been repaired by a trained service technician.
It is particularly important that the oven closes properly and that there is no damage to the: i) Door
(bent) ii) Hinges and Hookes (broken or loosened) iii) Door seals and sealing surfaces.
4.
The oven should not be adjusted or repaired by anyone except a properly trained service technician.
4.25.7 Before You Call For Service
Refer to the following checklist, you may prevent an unnecessary service call.
• The oven doesn’t work
1.
Check that the power cord is securely plugged in.
2.
Check that the door is firmly closed.
3.
Check that the cooking time is set.
4.
Check for a blown circuit fuse or tripped main circuit breaker in your house.
• Sparking in the cavity:
1.
Check utensils. Metal containers or dishes with metal trim should not be used.
2.
Check that metal skewers or foil does not touch the interior walls.
If there is still a problem, contact the service station.
4.25.8 Questions and Answers
Q:
I accidentally ran my microwave oven without any food in it. Is it damaged?
A:
Running the oven empty for a short time will not damage the oven. However, it is not recommended.
Q:
Can the oven be used with the glass tray or roller guide removed?
A:
No. Both the glass tray and roller guide must always be used in the oven before cooking.
Q:
Can I open the door when the oven is operating?
A:
The door can be opened anytime during the cooking operation. Then microwave energy will be
instantly switched off and the time setting will maintain until the door is closed
4-62
Caravan Equipment
4
Q:
Why do I have moisture in my microwave oven after cooking?
A:
The moisture on the side of your microwave oven is normal. It is caused by steam from cooking
food hitting the cool oven surface.
Q:
Does microwave energy pass through the viewing screen in the door?
A:
No. The metal screen bounces back the energy to the oven cavity. The holes are made to allow
light to pass through. They do not let microwave energy pass through.
▲ Do not attempt to service the oven yourself!
4.25.9 Specifications
Power supply
220V-240V 50 HZ, Single Phase with Earthing
Microwave Power Consumption
1200W
Microwave Output Power
700W
Microwave Frequency
2450MHZ
Outside Dimensions
465 x 279 x 364 mm
Cavity Dimensions
290 x 220 x 306 mm
Net Weight
Approx. 12.5 Kg
Timer
35 Min. Dual Speed
Power Selections
7 Levels
4-63
4
4-64
Caravan Equipment
General
5.1
GENERAL MAINTENANCE
5.1.1
Exterior
5
The exterior of your caravan is very durable and easy to clean owing to its high gloss properties. To
maintain a showroom finish one needs only to wash the caravan regularly with a car shampoo, rinse
with cold water and chamois leather off. Do not forget to clean the roof. A good quality non metallic and
non-coloured car wax that does not contain white spirit may be applied, which will make washing
easier.
▲ Under no circumstances use any abrasive agents, methylated spirit, white spirit, other
solvents or washing up liquid to the exterior of your caravan.
▲ No touch up painting should be carried out prior to consulting with a Bailey Service
Centre for approved methods.
All items stored in the gas bottle storage locker must be secured to prevent impact damage to the
inside of the front body panel when the caravan is being towed. The gas bottle storage locker must not
be loaded in such a way that pressure is exerted on the front body panel as this will cause the panel to
crack.
▲ Do not allow any chemicals, toilet or otherwise, to contact the gas box floor.
▲ The use of high pressure water jets to clean your caravan will invalidate your warranty.
5.1.2
Acrylic Windows
The windows fitted to your Bailey caravan are manufactured from high quality acrylic using the latest
plastic processing methods.
For cleaning, use only generous amounts of water to wash away dust and road grit etc. Then use a soft
cloth and warm soapy water and gently remove the remaining dirt. Avoid abrasive cleaning materials
and detergents.
As with all plastic materials, acrylic should not be allowed to come into contact with chemicals such as
paint remover, fly spray, acetone, dish washer detergent and car cleaning detergent.
▲ Never polish with a dry cloth.
▲ During high sun do not close the window blinds completely and open the windows into the
ventilation position.
▲ While the caravan is in motion please ensure that the windows are fully closed (this
information is also detailed on the stickers in the windows).
5-1
5
5.1.3
General
Window Catches and Stays
Turn catch arm to the vertical position to open. A night vent position is available by locking the catch into
the outer catchplate slot.
The windows are held open by an adjuster knob, tightening off the knob in a clockwise direction will
hold the window open in the desired position.
Always ensure knob is unscrewed before closing the window. Failure to do so may cause damage to
the window stay arm.
▲ Always ensure that windows are fully closed during wet weather and not on night vent
setting.
5.1.3
Interior
Wax polish may be used on furniture.
The interior walls have a PVC lining which should not require cleaning too often. A wipe over with a
damp cloth and a very mild detergent is all that is needed to keep it immaculate.
5.1.4
Mattresses
Mattresses are made from fire retardant fabric and are C.M.H.R. foam filled.
Cotton print cushion covers are removable for dry cleaning only. (Zips along back edge.)
It is recommended that mattresses be stored on edge during winter.
5.1.5
Care of your upholstery
In the manufacturing of the fabrics used on the soft furnishings of your caravan a silicone coating is
applied to help resist dirt and liquids.
However if a liquid is spilt the following actions are required:
● Remove as much excess as possible with a dry clean cloth.
● Sponge the affected area with warm soapy water taking care not to soak the material.
● Leave to dry in normal conditions.
These actions will not affect the FR treatment of the fabric.
Heavy soiling will require professional cleaning.
5.1.6
Curtains
All fabrics will fade to some degree if exposed to direct sunlight, particularly natural fibres such as
cotton etc.
▲ Curtains should not be left closed during daytime otherwise some fading will be experienced.
Dry cleaning only recommended.
▲ No Ethylene based cleaning material must be used.
5-2
General
5.1.7
5
Hinges and Catches
Lightly oil occasionally.
Carpets
Vacuum periodically to remove grit and to ensure long life.
5.1.8
Free Standing Table
● Maximum load on the table is 50kg.
▲ Do not at any time sit or stand on the table.
5.1.9
Kitchen Chopping Board
Care and usage of your hardwood board
Please take note of the following points to allow your board to give you a full working life.
Before using, wipe clean with a damp cloth then oil with a good vegetable oil, allow to dry overnight.
This should be repeated regularly.
Remember wood is a natural substance and will be affected by its environment. Extreme conditions
could cause warping or splitting, therefore:
Do not immerse in water for long periods.
To clean scrub using warm water and a mild soap.
Allow to dry naturally standing on end. Avoid heated surfaces or direct sunlight.
After prolonged use, the surface can be brought back using a medium glass paper. Oil after sanding.
5.1.10 Shower/Vanity Units
Care instructions
Exposure of this product to cleaning products or material containing concentrated perfumes, body oils,
linseed oil, gritty or abrasive substances, solvents (white spirit, antifreeze etc) may result in permanent
damage to the material.
Cleaning should be carried out immediately after use using warm soapy water and a soft cloth. Stubborn
stains may be removed using diluted lemon juice.
Thetford bathroom cleaner is suitable for cleaning the shower and vanity unit plastic items (sinks,
shower trays, thetford toilets etc).
▲ Domestic cleaning products are not to be used to clean the shower/vanity unit plastic
items.
▲ Some mouth washes can cause plastic items to crack and for this reason should not be
used.
5.1.11 Guidance on Cleaning Portable Water Tanks and the Water System and in
Touring Caravans
The water systems, and in particular storage tanks, in caravans are susceptible to contamination by
bacteria if care is not taken with their use and cleaning. The symptoms caused by bacterial contamination
are not purely limited to gastro-intestinal diseases, but may also manifest themselves as ear, nose,
throat, eye or skin infections. It is therefore important that you carry out the following procedure prior to
using the caravan each time, even if you boil or filter all water you use for drinking.
5-3
5
General
5.1.12 For Containers
1. All water remaining in the container should be disposed of so that the container is empty. (If the
container is an onboard tank, it should be removed if possible.)
2. The outside of the container should be thoroughly cleansed and washed down to remove any dirt,
dust or other contaminant. Water at a suitably hot temperature containing an appropriate detergent
is recommended for this purpose.
3. Water should be put in the container, swirled around, then emptied out.
4. The container should then be totally filled with water containing an appropriate disinfectant/sterilant
solution and allowed to stand for the recommended contact time (e.g. Milton for 15 minutes).
5. The solution should be emptied from the container.
6. The opening of the container should be cleaned thoroughly with an appropriate pre-prepared wipe
impregnated with a disinfectant/ sterilant.
7. The container should be inverted whilst stored overnight (if possible).
8. The container must be filled with mains water only and mains water only should be used for the
above cleaning procedure.
9. On no account should garden hoses be used to fill water tanks.
5.1.13 For Systems
1. Drain down the system. (Open all taps to allow air in, enabling the system to drain quickly.)
2. Remove any water filters fitted, and replace with a short length of hose or empty filter cartridge (this
will ensure the filter is not affected by the disinfectant/sterilant solution).
3. Fill the system by using the pump with a disinfectant/sterilant solution. (Check that the solution at full
strength appears at all taps/showers.) Allow to stand for the recommended period of time.
4. Drain the system down completely.
5. Thoroughly clean the outside of all taps/connections with a cloth soaked in the disinfectant/sterilant.
6. Flush the system through with clean drinking water until no traces of disinfectant/sterilant can be
detected at any tap.
7. Replace the filter
Suitable sterilising chemicals are available from your caravan dealer, accessory shop, chemists or
home-brew shops. It is not, however, recommended to use bleach or sodium metabisulphite.
This guidance has been prepared with the kind co-operation and assistance of The Environmental
Health Department of The Borough Council of King’s Lynn and West Norfolk.
5.1.14 Caravan Keys (Senator only)
Each Senator model is fitted with a high security lock and is supplied with two identical keys. In the
event of both keys being lost these cannot be replaced. In this instance a new lock will have to be fitted
with a fresh set of keys. Each model is also supplied with two standard keys which are for use on the
other exterior access doors.
5-4
General
5.2
5
FIRE AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
▲ Your attention is drawn to the notice affixed in the caravan advising on fire prevention,
ventilation and what to do in case of fire. Ensure that the occupants are familiar with
escape routes, in case of a fire.
5.2.1
Children
▲ Do not leave children alone in the caravan in any circumstances. When in the caravan
ensure that children are supervised at all times. Keep potentially dangerous items out of
reach as at home, e.g. matches, medicines etc.
5.2.2
Fire Extinguishers
Provide one dry powder fire extinguisher of an approved type or complying with ISO 7165 of at least 1
kg capacity by the main exit door, and a fire blanket next to the cooker. Familiarise yourself with the
instructions on your fire extinguisher and the local fire precaution arrangements.
A fat pan fire should not have an extinguisher aimed at it but be smothered with a fire blanket. It is
advisable not to cook with a fat pan or deep fryer in the enclosed space of a caravan.
Extinguishers containing vaporising liquids should not be used by a person inside the caravan or from
outside whilst other persons are in the caravan. Dry powder extinguishers will deal with fat or electrical
fires and water type extinguishers should not be used for this type of fire.
5.2.3
In Case of Fire
i. Get everyone out of the caravan as quickly as possible using whichever exit is quickest including
windows. Do not stop to collect any personal items.
ii. Raise the alarm - Call the Fire Brigade (in the UK dial 999).
iii. Turn off gas container valve if safe to do so.
5.2.4
Ventilation
All ventilation complies with EN 721 and vents should not be obstructed in any manner as this could
lead to insufficient fresh air. In this case the confined atmosphere becomes depleted of oxygen which
leads to the formation of the highly poisonous gas ‘carbon monoxide’. Carbon Monoxide is odourless,
colourless and tasteless and will rapidly cause unconsciousness and death with little or no warning
prior to collapse. There is no danger when adequate ventilation is provided.
High level ventilation is via the roof lights. The mesh screens fitted should be kept free of obstructions
by dust, leaves, insects, etc. Inspect regularly and use a brush and soapy water as necessary.
▲ Under no circumstances should the caravan ventilation be covered, blocked or tampered
with in any way.
5.2.5
Petrol/Diesel Fumes
The fitting of a tail pipe deflector to your exhaust will reduce the possibility of fumes entering your
caravan through the front fixed ventilation points. However, an extension fitted to an exhaust tail pipe
will be illegal if it projects excessively beyond the vehicle body or bumper.
5-5
5
5.2.6
General
Original Equipment Appliances
See sections devoted to individual appliances.
▲ Replacement parts for any appliance shall conform to the appliance manufacturer’s
specification; and should be fitted by them or an authorised agent.
5.2.7
Portable Appliances
▲ Never use portable cooking or heating equipment, other than electric heaters that are not
of the direct radiant type, as it is a fire and asphyxiation hazard.
5.2.8
Modifications
▲ Never allow modification of electrical or LPG systems and appliances except by qualified
persons.
5-6
General
5.3
ASSEMBLING THE BUNKS
1
2
3
4
5
5
6
5-7
5
5.3.1
i.
General
Lift up Bunk
Remove cushions and draw the curtains and close the blind if fitted.
ii/iii. Holding bunk in both hands pull it inwards whilst lifting upwards.
iv.
The bunk mechanism will automatically lock in the up position.
v.
Release retaining straps on the underside of bunk base. The second half of the bunk base can
now be unfolded towards the caravan wall.
vi.
Turn the turnbuckle catches located on the metal bunk legs to ensure that the bunk cannot be
folded by pushing up from below.
vii.
The safety rails and ladder can now be slotted into position.
viii.
Check the security of the bunk and replace the cushions before allowing a person to use the
bunk.
5.3.2
Slatted Bed (Fig. 1)
i.
Grasp the leader board.
ii.
Walk backwards holding the leader board until
bed is fully extended.
iii.
Arrange seat cushions to suit.
5.3.3
Side Dinette Bed (Fig. 2)
i.
Remove table from support leg.
ii.
Place the table top between seats on ledge.
iii.
Arrange seat cushions as appropriate.
Fig. 1
▲ When children, especially those under
3 years of age, use any bunk/bed care
must be taken against the risk of them
falling out.
5.3.4
Drop Down Table Bed
Drop down table bed make up:
i.
Position the table centrally between the front
bunks.
ii.
Lower the handle on the table lowering
mechanism and swing the table top down into
its lower position.
Fig. 2
iii.
The table is fully lowered when it clicks into position. Always check that it is secure.
iv.
Place the back rest cushions on top of the table surface to make up the bed.
v.
To return the table to its normal (raised) position lift the handle on the mechanism.
▲ Be careful when raising and lowering the table as the springs in the unit are powerful.
This should always be carried out by an adult.
5-8
General
5.4
WATER SYSTEM - FAULT FINDING
5.4.1
FAULT - Water not flowing from any tap when operated but pump runs
Cause
Cure
Freshwater tank empty
Check
Pump wired in reverse
Check wiring, refer to pump manufacturers’
instructions
Pump not primed
Refer to pump manufacturers’ instructions
Pipe inlet or outlet pipe disconnected
Check connections
Pump pipes restricted by kinking
Check pipe runs
Blockage in pump inlet or outlet pipe
Check, starting inside freshwater tank
Blocked in-line filter or pump filter
Dismantle and clean
Air leak in suction line to pump
Check for bubbles & secure with a clip
5.4.2
5
FAULT - Pump does not run
Cause
Cure
Pump or tap incorrectly wired
Refer to pump/tap manufacturers’ instructions
Pump fuse blown
Check wiring connections and then replace
with fuse of correct rating
Battery disconnected
Check connections
Pump seized or overheated
Refer to pump manufacturers’ servicing
instructions
If a pressure pump is being used,
pressure sensing switch may have failed
If a switched tap is being used, the switch
have failed
Refer to tap manufacturers’ servicing
instructions
Refer to pump manufacturers’ servicing may
instructions
5.4.3
FAULT - Water flows from cold tap but has reduced flow from hot
Cause
Cure
Feed pipe to water heater incorrectly
connected to the heater outlet
Refer to installation instructions
Blockage in hot pipeline
Disconnect pipes and inspect
Heater inlet or outlet pipes kinked
preventing flow
Check and re-route if necessary. Ensure that
hose is Carver recommended type
Hot tap not connected
Refer to installation instructions
Hot tap failed or blocked
Disconnect and inspect
Heater non-return valve jammed
Seek service attention
5-9
5
5.4.4
General
FAULT - Water flows from hot tap but has reduced flow from cold
Cause
Cure
Cold water pipe kinked preventing flow
Check and re-route if necessary
Blockage in cold pipe line
Disconnect pipes after 1st Y connector and
check up to tap
Cold tap not connected
Refer to installation instructions
Cold tap failed or blocked
Disconnect and inspect
If a Carver Crystal water service unit is
fitted the cartridge is exhausted
Replace cartridge
5.4.5
FAULT - Reduced flow from both hot and cold taps
Cause
Cure
Battery condition low causing pump to run
slowly
Check battery state of charge refer to electrical
supply note
If new taps have been fitted they may be
restricting flow
Disconnect and check that they have at least Ø
(6.3mm) bore
Pump needs servicing
Refer to pump servicing instructions
Partially blocked pump filter or in-line
filter, if fitted
Dismantle and clean if necessary
Pump outlet pipe kinked restricting flow
Check and re-route if necessary
Water leak
Check all water connections
5.4.6
FAULT - Reduced flow from either taps
Cause
Cure
‘Y’ connector(s) fitted incorrectly
Refer to installation instructions
Pipe kinking restricting flow
Check and re-route if necessary
Bore size difference in taps
Use taps of equal bore size
5.4.7
FAULT - Water Heater pressure relief valve venting water
Cause
Cure
Pressurised water system pump switching
pressure too high
Refer to water supply note
Switched tap water system pump flow rate
is greater than tap flow rate capacity
Refer to water supply note
5-10
General
5.4.8
5
FAULT - Water heater difficult to drain
Cause
Cure
Hot taps not open preventing air entering
hot system to let water out.
Open taps
Air bleed pipe kinked or blocked.
Unkink or unblock pipe.
5-11
5
General
5.5
ROOM HEATER - FAULT FINDING
5.5.1
FAULT - Heater will not light
Symptoms
Cause
Cure
Spark visible
No gas. Bottle temperature too low
Check bottle and taps. See gas
supply notes.
Regulator malfunction.
See gas supply notes.
Overgassed. Refer to lighting
instructions.
Turn off. Wait 3 mins.
Piezo failure.
HT lead shorting to earth or broken.
Seek service attention.
Check and insulate or repair.
No spark.
5.5.2
FAULT - Heater lights
Symptoms
Cause
Cure
Goes out
when knob
is released.
Knob released too soon or not fully
depressed.
Refer to lighting instructions.
Thermocouple or valve failure.
Seek service attention.
Bottle temperature too low.
See gas supply notes.
Goes out after
a time.
Chimney intake or flue partly blocked. Check and clear.
Goes out
when door
is slammed.
5.5.3
Flue disconnected or damaged.
Turn heater out immediately.
Seek service attention.
FAULT - Blown Air
Symptoms
Cause
Cure
Not working.
Supply fuse blown.
Replace.
Running slowly.
Hair or dust in fan wheel. Check
balance of blown air system and
close/open to balance system
Electrically isolate and clear with
brush.
Pipe disconnected.
Check all pipe connections.
Fan paddle not positioned
Check position of paddle to ensure air
flows in one direction.
Blowing on
one leg of
system only.
5-12
5
General
5.6
BRAKE FAULT FINDING CHART - AL-KO
5.6.1
FAULT - Braking is one-sided
Cause
Cure
Incorrect adjustment at wheel.
Adjust as described.
Brake cable seized.
Free off cable or replace.
Brake lining contaminated with grease.
Replace brake shoe assemblies.
5.6.2
FAULT - The trailer brakes during mild decelerations
Cause
Cure
Shock absorber in overrun device weak or
ineffective.
Examine and replace if necessary.
Brakes overadjusted.
Re-adjust as described.
5.6.3
FAULT - The trailer brakes snatch when braking
Cause
Cure
Brakes overadjusted.
Re-adjust as described.
Brake cable sticking.
Examine, free off cable or replace.
Brakes under adjusted.
Check complete brake transmission system
and re-adjust if necessary.
Shock absorber weak or ineffective.
Replace.
Drawshaft sticking.
Check over full stroke, lubricate if necessary.
5.6.4
FAULT - Brake judder
Cause
Cure
Linings contaminated with grease.
Replace brake shoe assemblies.
Failure of bond between lining and shoe.
Replace brake shoe assembly.
Distorted/cracked drum.
Replace.
Drums have rusty patches on braking
surface.
Clean up with sandpaper and wipe out with
meths.
5.6.5
FAULT - Trailer brakes lock up when reversing
Cause
Cure
Brakes overadjusted.
Re-adjust as described.
Reverse lever not functioning.
Check action and rectify.
Ground surface too soft or slippery.
Cover immediate area with matting or similar
firmer product.
5-13
5
5.6.6
General
FAULT - Trailer brakes inoperative
Cause
Cure
Brakes underadjusted.
Check action and rectify.
Lining contamination.
Replace brake shoe assemblies.
Seized cables.
Free off or replace.
Linings worn out.
Replace brake shoe assemblies.
5.6.7
FAULT - Hot brakes
Cause
Cure
Brakes overadjusted.
Re-adjust as described.
Pull-off spring broken.
Replace spring.
Seized cables.
Free off or replace.
5.6.8
FAULT - Handbrake will not hold trailer on slope
Cause
Cure
Incorrect adjustment at spring cylinder.
Re-adjust as described.
5.7
REFRIGERATOR - FAULT FINDING
5.7.1
FAULT - No 230V fridge operation
Cause
Cure
230V socket that the fridge is plugged
into not connected or switched on.
Usually located either under the oven or in the
front bunk. Check plug is located correctly and
turn on the switch.
5.8
TRACKER - FAULT FINDING
5.8.1
GENERAL QUESTIONS
Q
How does the system work?
A
Tracker monitor for caravans is armed and disarmed by an alarm. Triggering the alarm siren
does NOT generate an alert from the Tracker monitor unit.
To arm the Tracker Monitor system, press the button the remote control once. The siren will
beep twice.
After 45 seconds the alarm system will arm. After a further 5 minute delay the Tracker monitor
system will arm.
The system will be triggered if the caravan is towed, moved or lifted onto the back of a trailer.
The siren will sound for five minutes unless stopped by the user. The Tracker monitor sensor
must detect movement over a longer period before it will send an alert. Therefore if the siren is
triggered accidentally it will not send a false alert. The siren can also be triggered by a passive
infrared detector (PIR).
5-14
General
5
To disarm the Tracker monitor system press the button on the remote control once. The siren
will beep once and the Tracker monitor will be disarmed. If already sounding the siren will be
silenced.
Q
I have been pushing my caravan around the car park and the alarm has not gone off?
A
Please see above.
Q
I set the alarm and went for a drive, the siren went off but Tracker has not telephoned
me?
A
If you started driving before the 5-minute arming time has expired then the system will not
send an alert to Tracker.
Please refer the first question.
Q
If Tracker telephones me and I am at home why do I need to check my caravan? I keep
it at a secure compound so it must be safe or stolen so why cannot they track it?
A
Tracker can only activate on receipt of the crime reference number and confirmation of theft.
Q
The alarm keeps sounding and Tracker do not telephone me?
A
The alarm sounding will not trigger the Tracker, which needs acceleration of the caravan to
trigger. Think of it as a two separate systems within one; an alarm system and a stolen vehicle
recovery system.
Q
I am changing my caravan and it does not have a Tracker system, can I take it out and
fitted to my new one?
A
No, it is not possible to transfer it to another caravan.
Q
Will my Tracker system work in France?
A
Yes the Tracker System works in England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland, France and
Spain.
QUESTIONS RELATING TO POWER:
Q
Will the Tracker battery recharge?
A
Yes, the TRACKER battery is a sealed battery and will recharge when the leisure battery is
being recharged in situ on the caravan.
Q
Will the Tracker system work if the leisure battery is disconnected?
A
With your leisure battery removed then the Tracker system will have a battery life of
approximately two weeks, after that the Tracker battery will be flat. You must keep the leisure
battery connected and fully charged.
Q
What do I do if the leisure battery has been disconnected or never connected since the
caravan was delivered from the manufacturer?
A
At the first opportunity you must fit a charged leisure battery and connect to a mains hook up.
This will enable your Tracker battery to recharge.
Q
My caravan is in secure storage on a farm/ compound. Do I need to check my leisure
battery?
A
Yes, you must check the charge of your battery and recharge if required. This will depend on
your leisure battery’s capacity, age and state of charge. This will be required at intervals of
between 3 to 6 months.
5-15
5
General
Q
How long will the Tracker system work if the caravan is not connected to a mains supply?
A
Please see above question.
Q
How do I know if my Tracker battery is fully charged?
A
Your Tracker battery will be fully charged as long as you have not had a flat leisure battery and
you at regular intervals of between 3 to 6 months connect to a mains hook up.
Q
My leisure battery went flat; do I need to do anything?
A
Yes, you must charge the leisure battery by connection to a mains hook up. This must be
connected for 24 hours. This will charge the Tracker battery.
Q
How long will the Tracker work from my leisure battery?
A
With a 90Amp hour battery it will last for approximately 6 months. Like any other battery, this
figure can only be offered as an approximate due to Tracker having no control over battery
deterioration, usage, natural conditions etc.
PIR QUESTIONS
Q
Can I have a second PIR fitted?
A
Yes, you can have any number of PIR’s fitted. They will need to be programmed to your
Tracker, please refer to your dealer.
Q
Does the PIR cause the Tracker system to go off?
A
No, the PIR will only make the siren sound. It will not trigger the Tracker monitor system to
send an alert.
Q
The PIR has a red light on it, my children are kept awake at night can I switch it off?
A
No, the warning LED indicates that the unit is working and cannot be switched off.
Q
I keep dogs in my caravan and the alarm keeps going off, can I switch off the PIR?
A
No, this is not a feature of the system and will always be working.
Q
The PIR is making a funny noise why?
A
The PIR has a low battery warning tone. If this is sounding then the battery requires replacement.
Q
What battery is in the PIR and where can I get one?
A
It uses a PP3 size battery. These are commercially available.
RADIO REMOTE QUESTIONS
Q
I pressed the Radio Remote button and nothing happened. Why?
A
Did the small red light on the Radio Remote illuminate? If not try changing this battery use a
GP23A type battery.
Have you got your leisure battery connected and charged? If not charge this by connection to
ground hook up for over 24hours.
Q
What battery do I need for the Radio Remote?
A
A GP23A type battery. These are commercially available.
Q
I think I have lost my Radio Remote. What can I do?
5-16
General
5
A
You need to go to your dealer to purchase a replacement remote. He will de-program your old
remote from the alarm then it will never work and at the same time re-program the alarm to the
replacement remote
Q
I only have one Radio Remote. Can I obtain more?
A
Yes, your dealer will be able to sell you additional remotes and program the system for them.
5-17
6
6-2
Index
Index
6
A
R
Antenna
Status 315 .................................................... 4-55
Status 530 .................................................... 4-57
Refrigerators .................................................... 4-17
N97 Model .................................................... 4-28
RM 7390 Model ............................................ 4-17
RM 8550L Model .......................................... 4-21
Registration ........................................................ 1-4
Road lighting .................................................... 2-10
Rooflight Extraction Fan ................................... 4-43
B
Blinds, window ................................................. 4-52
Braking System ................................................ 4-42
Bunks, assembling ............................................. 5-7
C
Caravan and towing vehicle terms ..................... 2-1
Caravan Chassis .............................................. 4-44
Braking adjustment ....................................... 4-48
Manoeuvring ................................................. 4-46
Operating instructions ................................... 4-45
Cooking Appliances .......................................... 4-11
Argent Hob ................................................... 4-11
Guidelines ..................................................... 4-14
Microwave Oven ........................................... 4-59
Midi Oven & Grill ........................................... 4-12
S
Safety ................................................................. 1-5
Smoke Alarm .................................................... 4-16
Space Heater ..................................................... 4-6
T
Toilet
Thetford Cassette C-200 CW/CWE .............. 4-31
Thetford Cassette C-250 .............................. 4-35
Towing ................................................................ 2-8
Tracker Monitor ................................................ 4-54
Tyres ................................................................ 2-10
D
V
Door Flyscreen ................................................. 4-50
Ventilation ......................................................... 3-10
Ventilation Maintenance ..................................... 5-5
E
Electrical Equipment ........................................ 3-11
Electrical System 12 volt .................................. 3-14
Electrical System 230 volt ................................ 3-11
F
Fan Heater & Ventilation .................................... 4-9
Fault Finding
Al-Ko Brake ........................................ 5-13, 5-14
Refrigerator ................................................... 5-14
Room Heater ................................................ 5-12
Tracker Monitor ............................................ 5-14
Water System ................................................. 5-9
Fire & Safety ...................................................... 5-5
Extinguishers .................................................. 5-5
Ventilation ....................................................... 5-5
W
Warranty ............................................................. 1-2
Water Heater ...................................................... 4-1
Water System ..................................................... 3-1
Wheel Lock ...................................................... 4-41
Wheels ............................................................. 2-11
G
Gas System ........................................................ 3-7
Gas Leaks ...................................................... 3-9
Types of gas ................................................... 3-8
Ventilation ..................................................... 3-10
M
Maintenance, general ......................................... 5-1
Microwave Oven .............................................. 4-59
© Designed & Printed by Preset Graphics (Ref: 21057 ‘09 V1). Tel: 01332 549278
6-1
Bailey Caravans, South Liberty Lane, Bristol BS3 2SS
www.bailey-caravans.co.uk
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