EM78612

EM78612
EM78612
Universal Serial
Bus Microcontroller
Product
Specification
DOC. VERSION 1.4
ELAN MICROELECTRONICS CORP.
November 2011
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are trademarks of ELAN Microelectronics Corporation.
Copyright © 2003~2011 by ELAN Microelectronics Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Printed in Taiwan
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responsibility concerning the accuracy, adequacy, or completeness of this specification. ELAN Microelectronics
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NO PART OF THIS SPECIFICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM OR BY
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ELAN MICROELECTRONICS CORPORATION
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Hsinchu, TAIWAN 30076
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[email protected]
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Elan (HK) Microelectronics
Corporation, Ltd.
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Shanghai:
Elan Korea Electronics
Company, Ltd.
Elan Microelectronics
Shenzhen, Ltd.
ELAN Microelectronics
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[email protected]
Contents
Contents
1
2
3
4
5
6
General Description ...................................................................................................1
Features ......................................................................................................................1
Application..................................................................................................................2
Pin Description...........................................................................................................3
Block Diagram ............................................................................................................4
Function Description .................................................................................................4
6.1
Program Memory................................................................................................ 4
6.2
Data Memory ...................................................................................................... 5
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3
I/O Ports ........................................................................................................... 17
6.3.1
6.3.2
6.4
Power-on Reset.................................................................................................19
Watchdog Reset................................................................................................19
USB Reset.........................................................................................................19
Power Saving Mode ......................................................................................... 19
6.6.1
6.6.2
7
8
9
Detect PS/2 or USB Mode ................................................................................17
USB Device Controller – UDC ..........................................................................18
Device Address and Endpoints .........................................................................18
Reset ................................................................................................................ 19
6.5.1
6.5.2
6.5.3
6.6
Programmable Large Current ...........................................................................17
Wake up by Port Change Function ...................................................................17
USB Application................................................................................................ 17
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.5
Special Purpose Registers ..................................................................................5
6.2.1.1 Operation Registers in Bank 0 .............................................................6
6.2.1.2 Control Registers in Bank 0 ...............................................................12
USB Application FIFOs .....................................................................................16
Power Down Mode ............................................................................................19
Dual Clock Mode ...............................................................................................20
6.7 Interrupt ............................................................................................................ 20
Absolute Maximum Ratings ....................................................................................21
DC Electrical Characteristic ....................................................................................22
Application Circuits .................................................................................................24
APPENDIX
A
B
C
Special Register Map ...............................................................................................25
Instruction Set ..........................................................................................................26
Code Option Register ..............................................................................................29
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
• iii
Contents
Specification Revision History
Doc. Version
1.0
Revision Description
Date
Initial Version
2003/03/05
1. Modified some text on the General Description.
1.1
2. Modified the Pin Description of EM78612.
3. Updated the Special Purpose Register.
2006/03/17
4. Modified the R4 Example of Selecting Bank.
1.2
1.3
1.4
iv •
Modified the resonator Cap. of the application circuit
1. Modified the package type.
2. Added Appendix D.
1. Remove Pin Configuration.
2. Remove Package Outline Dimension
2007/03/30
2008/10/01
2011/11/23
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
1
General Description
The EM78612 is a series of 8-bit Universal Serial Bus (USB), RISC architecture
microcontroller. It is specifically designed for USB low speed device application and to
support legacy device such as PS/2 mouse. The EM78612 also support one device
address and two endpoints.
The EM78612 has 5-level stacks and 6 interrupt sources. It has a maximum of 12
General Input/Output pins. Each device has 80 bytes SRAM. The ROM capacity of the
EM78612 is 2K.
These series of ICs have Dual Clock mode which allows the device to run on low power
saving frequency.
2
Features
Low-cost solution for low-speed USB devices, such as mouse, joystick, and
„
gamepad.
USB Specification Compliance
„
•
Universal Serial Bus Specification Version 1.1
•
USB Device Class Definition for Human Interface Device (HID), Firmware
Specification Version 1.1
•
Supports 1 device address and 2 endpoints (EP0 and EP1)
USB Application
„
•
USB protocol handling
•
USB device state handling
•
Identifies and decodes Standard USB commands to EndPoint Zero
PS/2 Application Support
„
•
Built-in PS/2 port interface
Built-in 8-bit RISC MCU
„
•
5-level stacks for subroutine and interrupt
•
6 available interrupts
•
8-bit real time clock/counter (TCC) with overflow interrupt
•
Built-in RC oscillator free running for Watchdog Timer and Dual clock mode
•
Two independent programmable prescalers for WDT and TCC
•
Two power saving methods:
1. Power-down mode (Sleep mode)
2. Low frequency mode
•
„
Two clocks per instruction cycle
I/O Ports
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•1
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
•
Up to 12 general purposes I/O pins grouped into two ports (Port 6 and 7).
•
Up to two LED sink pins
•
Each GPIO pin of Ports 6 and Port 7 has an internal programmable pull-high
resistor.
•
Each GPIO pin of Port 6 has an internal programmable pull-low resistor.
•
Each GPIO pin wakes up the MCU from sleep mode by input state change.
Internal Memory
„
•
Built-in 2048×13 bits Mask ROM
•
Built-in 80 bytes general purpose registers (SRAM)
•
Built-in USB Application FIFOs
Operation Frequency
„
•
Normal Mode: MCU runs on the external oscillator frequency
•
Dual Clock Mode: MCU runs at the frequency of 256kHz (or 32kHz, 4kHz,
500Hz), emitted by the internal oscillator with the external ceramic resonator
turned off to save power.
Built-in 3.3V Voltage Regulator
„
3
•
For MCU power supply
•
Pull-up source for the external USB resistor on D-pin.
Application
This microcontroller is designed for USB low speed device application or non-USB
embedded devices. It is also suitable for PS/2 mouse application.
2•
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
4
Pin Description
Table 4-1
Pin Name
II/O
P60 ~ P67
I/O
Function
Port 6 has up to 8 GIOP pins.
P70 ~ P73
I/O
The pull-high resistors (132KΩ) and pull-low resistors (10KΩ) are
selected through pin programming.
Port 7 has up to 4 GIOP pins. The sink current of P70 and P71 are
programmable for driving an LED.
Each pin has pull-high resistors (132KΩ) that can be selected through
pin programming.
USB Plus data line interface or PS/2 line interface are user-defined
through firmware setting.
D+ / P50
I/O
When the EM78612 is running under PS/2 mode, this pin will have an
internal pull-high resistor (2.2KΩ), with VDD=5.0V.
When this pin is used as a PS/2 line interface, it will generate an
interrupt when its state changes (Port 5 state change interrupt enable).
D- / P51
I/O
USB Minus data line interface or PS/2 line interface are user-defined
through firmware setting.
When the EM78612 is running under PS/2 mode, this pin will have an
internal pulled-high resistor (2.2KΩ), with VDD=5.0V.
When this pin is used as a PS/2 line interface, it will generate an
interrupt when its state changes (Port 5 state change interrupt enable).
When the EM78612 is running under USB mode, this pin will have an
internal pull-high resistor, 1.5KΩ, with V3.3=3.3V.
OSCI
I
6MHz/12 MHz ceramic resonator input.
OSCO
I/O
Return path for 6MHz/12MHz ceramic resonator.
V3.3V
O
3.3V DC voltage output from internal regulator. This pin should be
tied to a 4.7µF decoupling capacitor to GND.
VDD
-
Connect to the USB power source or to a nominal 5V-power supply.
Actual VDD range can vary between 4.4V and 5.2V.
VSS
-
Connect to ground.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•3
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
5
Block Diagram
OSCI
Built-in
RC
OSCO
Reset &
Sleep &
Wake up
Control
WDT
Timer
V3.3
D+
3.3V
Regulator
Oscillator
Timing
Control
Prescaler
WDT
VDD
Prescaler
TCC
R1
(TCC)
D-
R2
(PC)
Transceiver
ROM
USB
Device
Controller
Instruction
register
RAM
Stack1
Stack2
Stack3
Stack4
Stack5
R3
(Status)
ALU
Interrupt
Control
Instruction
Decoder
R4
(RSR)
ACC
DATA & CONTROL BUS
P50/D+/Clk
P51/D-/Data
I/O
Port 5
I/O
Port 6
P60
P61
P62
P63
P64
P65
P66
P67
I/O
Port 7
P70
P71
P72
P73
Figure 5-1 EM78612 Series Functional Block Diagram
6
Function Description
The memory of EM78612 is organized into four spaces, namely; User Program
Memory in 2048×13 bits Mask ROM space, Data Memory in 80 bytes SRAM space,
and USB Application FIFOs (for EndPoint 0 and EndPoint 1). Furthermore, several
registers are used for special purposes.
6.1 Program Memory
The program space of the EM78612 is 2K words, and is divided into two pages. Each
page has 1K words long. After Reset, the 12-bit Program Counter (PC) points to
location zero of the program space.
It has two interrupt vectors, i.e., Interrupt Vectors at 0x0001 and USB Application
Interrupt Vectors at 0x000A. The Interrupt Vector applies to TCC Interrupt, and Port 5
State Changed Interrupt. The USB Application Interrupt Vector is for USB EndPoint
Zero Interrupt, USB Suspend Interrupt, USB Reset interrupt, and USB Host Resume
Interrupt.
4•
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
After an interrupt, the MCU will fetch the next instruction from the corresponding
address as illustrated in the following diagram.
After reset
Program Counter
Address
Reset Vector
0×0000
0×0001
Interrupt Vector
0×000A
USB Application Interrupt Vector
Page 0
0×03FF
0×0400
Page 1
0×07FF
Figure 6-1 Program ROM Organization of EM78612
When executing “RETI” instruction, the MCU will pop A, R3, R4 and stack, and enable
an interrupt.
6.2 Data Memory
The Data Memory has 80 bytes SRAM space. It is also equipped with USB Application
FIFO space for USB Application. Figure 6-2 shows the organization of the Data
Memory Space.
6.2.1 Special Purpose Registers
When the microcontroller executes the instruction, specific registers are invoked for
assistance, such as Status Register which records the calculation status, Port I/O
Control Registers which control the I/O pins’ direction, etc. The EM78612 series
provides a lot more of other special purpose registers with different functions.
There are 15 Special Operation Registers which are located from Address 0×00 to
0x0F, and 10 more Special Control Registers are available to control various functions
or I/O direction. These are arranged from Address 0×05 to 0×0F.
Note
Special Control Registers can only be read or written to by two instructions, namely;
IOR and IOW.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•5
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
00
01
02
03
04
R0
R1
R2
R3
R4
(Indirection Addressing Register)
(Time Clock / Counter Register)
(Program Counter) & Stack
(Status Register)
(RAM Select Register)
05
06
07
08
09
R5
R6
R7
R8
R9
(Data line I/O Register)
(Port 6 I/O Register)
(Port 7 I/O Register)
(Port6 wakeup pin selection Register)
(Port7 wakeup pin selection Register)
0C
0D
0E
0F
10
IOC5
IOC6
IOC7
IOC8
IOCA (Operation mode Control Register)
IOCB (Port 6 pull low Control Register)
IOCC (Port 6 pull high Control Register)
IOCD (Port 7 pull high Control Register)
IOCE (Special Function Control Register)
IOCF (Interrupt Mask Register)
RC (USB Application Status Register)
RD (USB Application FIFO address register)
RE (USB Application FIFO data register)
RF (Interrupt Status Register)
00
01
10
11
General Purpose Register
1F
(Port 5 I/O Control Register)
(Port 6 I/O Control Register)
(Port 7 I/O Control Register)
(Sink Curent Control Register)
EP0's FIFO
EP1's FIFO
Data Byte Pointer of EP0
Data Byte Pointer of EP1
20
General Purpose
Registers
(Bank0)
Byte0
Byte1
Byte2
Byte3
Byte4
Byte5
Byte6
Byte7
General Purpose
Registers
(Bank1)
3F
Figure 6-2 Data RAM Organization
6.2.1.1
Operation Registers in Bank 0
The following introduces each of the Operation Registers under the Special Purpose
Registers. The Operation Registers are arranged according to the order of the
registers’ address. Note that some registers are read only, while others are both
readable and writable.
R0 (Indirect Address Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
R0 is not a physically implemented register. Its major function is to act as an indirect
address pointer. Any instruction using R0 as a pointer actually accesses the data
pointed by the RAM Select Register (R4).
R1 (Time / Clock Counter) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
The TCC register is an 8-bit timer or counter. It is readable and writable as any other
registers. The Timer module will increment every instruction cycle. User can work
around this by writing an adjusted value. The Timer interrupt is generated when the R1
register overflows from FFh to 00h. This overflow sets bit TCIF (RF[0]). The interrupt
can be masked by clearing bit TCIE (IOCF[0]). After Power-on reset and Watchdog
reset, the initial value of this register is 0x00.
R2 (Program Counter and Stack) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
The EM78612 Program Counter is an 11-bit long register that allows access to 2K
bytes of Program Memory with 5-level stacks. The eight LSB bits, 00~07, are located
6•
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
at R2, while the one MSB Bit 10, is located at R3 [5].The Program Counter is cleared
after Power-on reset or Watchdog reset. The first instruction that is executed after a
reset is located at Address 00h.
R3
07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00
CALL
10 09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 00
R2
PAGE0
0
PAGE1
1
Stack1
RET
RETL
RETI
0000 ~ 03FF
Stack2
Stack3
E
Stack4
Stack5
0400 ~ 07FF
Figure 6-3 The Structure of ROM Page
R3 (Status Register) Default Value:(0B_0001_1000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
PS0
T
P
Z
DC
C
R3 [0] Carry / Borrow flag. For ADD, SUB Instructions
0: No carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred
1: A carry-out from the Most Significant bit of the result occurred
NOTE
For Borrow, the polarity is reversed. For rotate (RRC, RLC) instructions, this
bit is loaded with either the high or low-order bit of the source register.
R3 [1] Auxiliary carry / borrow flag. For ADD, SUB Instructions
0: No carry-out from the 4th low-order bit of the result
1: A carry-out from the 4th low-order bit of the result occurred
NOTE
For Borrow, the polarity is reversed.
R3 [2] Zero flag. It will be set to 1 when the result of an arithmetic or logic operation is
zero.
R3 [3] Power down flag. It will be set to 1 during Power-on phase or by “WDTC”
command and cleared when the MCU enters into Power down mode. It remains
in previous state after Watchdog Reset.
0: Power down
1: Power-on
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•7
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
R3 [4] Time-out flag. It will be set to 1 during Power-on phase or by “WDTC” command.
It is reset to 0 by WDT time-out.
0: Watchdog timer with overflow
1: Watchdog timer without overflow
The various states of Power down flag and Time-out flag at different conditions are
shown below:
T
P
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
*P
0
0
Condition
Power-on reset
WDTC instruction
WDT time-out
Power down mode
Wakeup caused by port change during Power down mode
* P: Previous status before WDT reset
R3 [5] Page select bit. This bit is used to select a page of program memory (refer to R2,
Program Counter).
PS0
Program Memory Page [Address]
0
Page 0 [0000-03FF]
1
Page 1 [0400-07FF]
R3 [6, 7]: Reserved registers
R4 (RAM Select Register) Default Value: (0B_0xxx_xxxx)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
BK0
Ad5
Ad4
Ad3
Ad2
Ad1
Ad0
R4 (RAM select register) contains the address of the registers.
R4 [0~5] are used to select registers in 0x00h~0x3Fh. The Address 0x00~0x1F is
common space. After 0x1Fh, SRAM is grouped into two banks.
R4 [6] are used to select register banks. To select a registers bank, refer to the
following examples and the table below:
R4=01111100 points to the Register 0x3C in Bank 1.
R4[6]Bk0
RAM Bank #
0
1
Bank 0
Bank 1
R5 (Data Line I/O Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
-
-
-
-
-
-
Bit 1
Bit 0
D- or DATA D+ or CLK
R5 [0] USB D+ line register or PS/2 clock interface register
R5 [1] USB D- line register or PS/2 data interface register
8•
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
These two bits are both writable and readable when the MCU is operating in PS/2
mode. But in USB Mode, these two bits cannot be accessed.
R5 [2~7] Not Used. The value is zero.
R6 (Port 6 I/O Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
P67
P66
P65
P64
P63
P62
P61
P60
R7 (Port 7 I/O Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
P73
P72
P71
P70
R8 (Port 6 Wake-up Pin Selection Register) Default Value: (0B_1111_1111)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
/Wu67
/wu66
/Wu65
/Wu64
/Wu63
/Wu62
/Wu61
/Wu60
R8 [0 ~ 7] Select which of the Port 6 pins are to be defined to wake up the MCU from
sleep mode. When the state of the selected pins changes during sleep
mode, the MCU will wake up and automatically execute the next instruction.
0: Enable the wake-up function
1: Disable the wake-up function
R9 (Port 7 Wake-up Pin Selection Register) Default Value: (0B_1111_1111)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
/Wu73
/Wu72
/Wu71
/Wu70
R9 [0 ~ 3] Select which of the Port 7 pins are to be defined to wake-up the MCU from
sleep mode. When the state of the selected pins changes during sleep
mode, the MCU will wake up and automatically execute the next instruction.
0: Enable the wake-up function
1: Disable the wake-up function
RC (USB Application Status Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
EP0_W
EP0_R
EP1_R
0
Device_Resume
Host_Suspend
EP0_Busy
Stall
RC [0] Stall flag. When the MCU receives an unsupported command or invalid
parameters from host, this bit will be set to 1 by the firmware to notify the UDC to
return a STALL handshake. When a successful SETUP transaction is received,
this bit is automatically cleared. This bit is both readable and writable.
RC [1] EP0 Busy flag. When this bit is equal to “1,” it indicates that the UDC is writing
data into the EP0’s FIFO or reading data from it. During this time, the firmware
will avoid accessing the FIFO until the UDC finishes writing or reading. This bit is
only readable.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
•9
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
RC [2] Host Suspend flag. If this bit is equal to 1, it indicates that the USB bus has no
traffic for a specified period of 3.0 ms. This bit will also be cleared automatically
when a bus activity takes place. This bit is only readable.
* This bit should be used in Dual Mode
RC [3] Device Resume flag. This bit is set by firmware to generate a signal to wake up
the USB host and is cleared as soon as the USB Suspend signal becomes low.
This bit can only be set by firmware and cleared by hardware.
* This bit should be used in Dual Mode
RC [4] Undefined Register. The default value is 0.
RC [5, 6] EP1_R / EP0_R flag. These two bits inform the UDC to read the data written
by firmware from the FIFO. Then the UDC automatically sends the data to the
host. After the UDC finishes reading the data from the FIFO, this bit is cleared
automatically.
Therefore, before writing data into the FIFO, the firmware will first check this bit
to prevent overwriting the existing data. These two bits can only be set by the
firmware and cleared by the hardware.
RC [7] EP0_W flag. After the UDC completes writing data to the FIFO, this bit will be
set automatically. The firmware will clear it as soon as it gets the data from EP0’s
FIFO. Only when this bit is cleared will the UDC will be able to write a new data
into the FIFO.
Therefore, before the firmware can write data into the FIFO, this bit must first be
set by the firmware to prevent the UDC from writing data at the same time. This
bit is both readable and writable.
RD (USB Application FIFO Address Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
UAD4
UAD3
UAD2
UAD1
UAD0
RD [0~4] USB Application FIFO address registers. These five bits are the address
pointer of USB Application FIFO.
RD [5~7] Undefined registers. The default value is zero.
RE (USB Application FIFO Data Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
UD7
UD6
UD5
UD4
UD3
UD2
UD1
UD0
RE (USB Application FIFO data register) contains the data in the register of which
address is pointed by RD.
10 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
NOTE
For example, if we want to read the fourth byte of the EndPoint Zero, we will use the
address of EP0 (0x00) and Data Byte Pointer of EP0 (0x10) to access it.
// Read the 4th byte of the EP0 FIFO
// First, assign the data byte pointer of EP0 Register (0X10) with 0X03.
MOV A, @0X10
MOVRD, a
// Move data in A to RD register
MOV A, @0X03
MOVRE , A
// Move data in A to RE register
// Then read the contents from EP0 FIFO (0x00) 4th byte
MOV A, @0X00
MOVRD, A
// Assign address point to EP0 FIFO
MOVA, RE
// Read the fourth byte data (Byte 3) of the EP0 FIFO
MOV A, 0X0E // Read the fifth byte data (Byte 4) of the EP0 FIFO
RF (Interrupt Status Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
-
--
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Port 5 State USB Host
USB
USB
Change_IF Resume_IF Reset_IF Suspend_IF
Bit 1
Bit 0
EP0_IF
TCC_IF
RF [0] TCC Overflow interrupt flag. It will be set while TCC overflows, and is cleared by
the firmware.
RF [1] EndPoint Zero interrupt flag. It will be set when the EM78612 receives
Vendor/Customer Command to EndPoint Zero. This bit is cleared by the
firmware.
RF [2] USB Suspend interrupt flag. It will be set when the EM78612 finds the USB
Suspend Signal on the USB bus. This bit is cleared by firmware.
RF [3] USB Reset interrupt flag. It will be set when the host issues the USB Reset
signal.
RF [4] USB Host Resume interrupt flag. It is set only in Dual Clock mode when the USB
suspend signal becomes low.
RF [5] Port 5 State Change interrupt flag. It is set when the Port 5 state changes. (Port
5 state change interrupt only works in PS/2 mode.)
RF [6] Default value is zero and user should not modify it.
R10~R1F are General purpose registers. These registers can be used no matter what
Bank Selector is. There are 2 banks (BK0 and BK1) R20~R3F General purpose
registers, selected by R4 [6].
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 11
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
6.2.1.2
Control Registers in Bank 0
Special purpose registers for special control purposes are also available. Except for
the Accumulator (A), these registers must be read and written to by special instructions.
One of these registers, CONT, can only be read by the instruction "CONTR" and written
to by the "CONTW" instruction. The remaining special control registers can be read by
the instruction "IOR" and written to by the instruction "IOW."
A (Accumulator Register)
Internal data transfer operation, or instruction operand holding usually involves the
temporary storage function of the Accumulator. The Accumulator is an 8-bit un
addressable register.
CONT (Control Register)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
RW_E
/INT
TSR2
TSR1
TSR0
PSR2
PSR1
PSR0
NOTE
The CONT register can be read by the instruction "CONTR" and written to by the
instruction “CONTW."
CONT [0~2] Watchdog Timer prescaler bits. These three bits are used as the
prescaler of Watchdog Timer.
CONT [3~5] TCC Timer prescaler bits.
The relationship between the prescaler value and these bits are shown below:
TCC Rate
WDT Rate ( 8mS )
PSR2/TSR2
PSR1/TSR1
PSR0/TSR0
0
0
0
6 MHz / 2
8 ms
0
0
1
6 MHz / 4
16 ms
0
1
0
6 MHz / 8
32 ms
0
1
1
6 MHz / 16
64 ms
1
0
0
6 MHz / 32
128 ms
1
0
1
6 MHz / 64
256 ms
1
1
0
6 MHz / 128
512 ms
1
1
1
6 MHz / 256
1024 ms
CONT [6] Interrupt enable control bit. This bit toggles the Interrupt function between
enable and disable. It is set to 1 by the interrupt disable instruction "DISI"
and reset by the interrupt enable instructions "ENI" or "RETI."
0: Enable the Interrupt function
1: Disable the Interrupt function
12 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
CONT [7] Remote wake-up enable bit. This bit is set to 1, if host enables the device to
remote wake-up PC. It could be modified by SetFeature() and
ClearFeature() Request.
IOC5 ~IOC7 I/O Port Direction Control Registers
Each bit controls the I/O direction of the three I/O ports (Port 5~Port 7) respectively.
When these bits are set to 1, the relative I/O pins become input pins. Similarly, the I/O
pins becomes outputs when the relative control bits are cleared.
0: Output direction
1: Input direction
IOC5 (Data Line I/O Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0011)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
P51
P50
IOC5 [2~7] Undefined registers. The default value is 0.
IOC6 (Port 6 I/O Control Register) Default Value: (0B_1111_1111)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
P67
P66
P65
P64
P63
P62
P61
P60
IOC7 (Port 7 I/O Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_1111)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
P73
P72
P71
P70
IOC8 (Sink Current Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
0
Sink1.1
Sink1.0
0
0
Sink01
Sink0.0
IOC8 [0, 1][4,5] are P70/P71 sink current control registers. Four levels are offered for
selection:
Sink 0.1/1.1
Sink 0.0/1.0
Sink Current
0
0
3 mA ± 10%
0
1
6 mA ± 10%
1
0
12 mA ± 10%
1
1
25 mA ± 10%
The default current after Power-on reset is 3 mA.
IOCA (Operation Mode Control Register) Default Value: (0B_1100_0011)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Dual_Frq.1
Dual_Frq.0
0
0
0
0
PS/2
USB
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 13
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
IOCA [0, 1] These two bits are used to select the operation mode. The definition of
these two control registers is described in the table below.
IOCA[1]
IOCA[0]
0
0
Operation Mode
Detect Mode
0
1
USB Mode
1
0
PS/2 Mode
1
1
USB Test Mode
IOCA [2~5] Undefined registers. The default value is 0.
IOCA [6, 7] Select the operation frequency in Dual Clock Mode. Four frequencies are
available and can be chosen as Dual Clock mode for running the MCU
program.
Dual_Frq.1
Dual_Frq.0
Frequency
0
0
500Hz
0
1
4kHz
1
0
32kHz
1
1
256kHz
IOCB (Port 6 Pull-Low Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PL67
PL66
PL65
PL64
PL63
PL62
PL61
PL60
IOCB [0~7] Select whether the 10 KΩ pull-low resistor of Port 6 individual pin is
connected or not.
0: Disable the pull-low function
1: Enable the pull-low function
IOCC (Port 6 Pull-High Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
PH67
PH66
PH65
PH64
PH63
PH62
PH61
PH60
IOCC [0~7] Select whether the 132 KΩ pull-high resistor of Port 6 individual pin is
connected or not.
0: Disable the pull-high function
1: Enable the pull-high function
IOCD (Port 7 Pull-High Control Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
-
-
-
-
PH73
PH72
PH71
PH70
IOCD [0~3] Select whether the 132 KΩ pull-high resistor of Port 7 individual pin is
connected or not.
0: Disable the pull-high function
14 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
1: Enable the pull-high function
IOCE (Special Function Control Register) Default Value: (0B_1111_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
/Dual clock
/WUE
WTE
RUN
0
0
0
0
IOCE [0~3] Undefined register. The default value is zero.
IOCE [4] Run bit. This bit can be cleared by the firmware and set during power-on, or by
the hardware at the falling edge of wake-up signal. When this bit is cleared, the
clock system is disabled and the MCU enters into power down mode. At the
transition of wake-up signal from high to low, this bit is set to enable the clock
system.
0: Sleep mode. The EM78612 is in power down mode.
1: Run mode. The EM78612 is working normally.
IOCE [5] Watchdog Timer enable bit. The bit disable/enables the Watchdog Timer.
0: Disable WDT
1: Enable WDT
NOTE
If the Code Option WTC bit is "0,” WDT is always disabled.
IOCE [6] Enable the wake-up function as triggered by port-change. This bit is set by
UDC.
0: Enable the wake-up function
1: Disable the wake-up function
IOCE [7] Dual clock Control bit. This bit is used to select the frequency of the system
clock. When this bit is cleared, the MCU will run on very low frequency saving
power and the UDC will stop working.
0: Select to run on slow frequency.
1: Select EM78612 to run on normal frequency.
IOCF (Interrupt Mask Register) Default Value: (0B_0000_0000)
Bit 7
Bit 6
-
-
Bit 5
Bit 4
Port 5 State
USB Host
Change_IE Resume_1E
Bit 3
USB
Reset_IE
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
USB
EP0_IE TCC_IE
Suspend_IE
IOCF [0~5] TCC / EP0 / USB Suspend / USB Reset / USB Host Resume / Port 5 State
Change enable bits. These eight bits respectively control the function of
TCC interrupt, EP0 interrupt, USB Suspend interrupt, USB Reset interrupt,
USB Host Resume interrupt, Port 5 State Change interrupt, Individual
interrupt is enabled by setting its associated control bit in the IOCF to "1".
0: Disable Interrupt
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 15
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
1: Enable Interrupt
IOCF[6]
The Default value is zero and user should not modify it.
Only when the global interrupt is enabled by the ENI instruction will the individual
interrupt works. After DISI instruction, any interrupt will not work even if the respective
control bits of IOCF are set to 1.
The USB Host Resume Interrupt works only in Dual clock mode. This is because
when the MCU is in sleep mode, it will be automatically waken up by the UDC Resume
signal.
6.2.2 USB Application FIFOs
For USB Application, the EM78612 provides an 8-byte First-In-First-Out (FIFO) buffer
for each endpoint. The buffer cannot be accessed directly. However, a corresponding
Data Byte Pointer register for each endpoint is made available to address the individual
byte of the FIFO buffer. The contents of the individual byte will map to a special
register.
Address
(RD)
0X10
Data Byte Pointer of EP0
0X11
Data Byte Pointer of EP1
Counter
16 •
0X00
EP0's FIFO
0X01
EP1's FIFO
Pointer
Counter
Pointer
0
0
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
Bi-directional
Uni-directional
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
6.3 I/O Ports
The EM78612 has up to 12 General Purpose I/O pins, which are classified into two port
groups; Port 6 and Port 7. Each pin has an internal resistor that can be individually
selected by user.
The following describes the important features of the EM78612 I/O pins.
6.3.1 Programmable Large Current
Port 7 has two pins; P70 and P71 that can drive large currents of up to 30mA. The
range of driving current is from 3mA to 30mA, which is programmable. Use IOC8 [0,1]
and IOC8 [4,5] to control the sink current of P70/P71. The default current is 3mA.
6.3.2 Wake up by Port Change Function
Each of the GPIO pins in Port 6 and Port 7 can wake-up the MCU through signal
change from input pin. This function is used to wake-up the MCU automatically from
sleep mode. It also supports the remote wake-up function for USB application.
Any of the Individual pins of Port 6 and Port 7 can be defined to wake-up the MCU by
setting their respective bits, R8 and R9.
6.4 USB Application
The EM78612 is specially designed for USB device application and has many powerful
functions that help the firmware to free itself from complex situation in various aspects
of USB application.
6.4.1 Detect PS/2 or USB Mode
When the EM78612 is connected to the bus, the firmware should detect and identify
which type of bus (USB or PS/2) it is connected to. The conditions that influence the
detect function are described below:
1.
After a Power-on reset, the initial value of IOCA [0,1] is 0b00. Thus the operation
mode is “Detect mode” and the D+ and D- I/O pins are internally pulled high by
200 KΩ to VDD.
2.
The firmware checks the state of R5 [0,1]. If the state with which these two bits is
0b00, set the IOCA [0] to “1” to define the “USB mode.” Otherwise, set the IOCA
[1] to “1,” to define “PS/2 mode.”
3.
When the operation mode is defined as “USB mode,” the D- I/O pin is internally
pulled high by a 1.5 KΩ resistor to 3.3V, which is output from a built-in regulator.
4.
If the operation is in “PS/2 mode,” both of the PS/2 interface I/O pins are internally
pulled high by a 2.2 KΩ resistor to VDD.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 17
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
NOTE
The firmware should set the operation mode, either in USB mode or PS/2 mode, at the
beginning of the program.
An additional mode, “USB Test Mode” is also available. This mode has no load on D+
and D- I/O pins, and can only be used in USB Applications. Therefore, an external
1.5KΩ resistor is needed to pull up the D- I/O pin to 3.3V.
In “PS/2 mode,” both PS/2 pins are programmed to generate an interrupt. After setting
the Port 5 State change to Interrupt Enable bit, the MCU will interrupt while the state of
these two pins changes.
6.4.2 USB Device Controller – UDC
The EM78612 has a built-in USB Device Controller (UDC) which can interpret the USB
Standard Command and response automatically without involving the firmware. The
embedded Series Interface Engine (SIE) handles the serialization and de-serialization
of actual USB transmission. Hence, an IC developer can concentrate his efforts more
in perfecting the device actual functions and spend less energy in dealing with USB
transaction.
The UDC handles and decodes most Standard USB commands defined in the USB
Specification Rev1.1. If the UDC receives an unsupported command, it will set a flag to
notify the MCU of the receipt of such command. The Standard Commands that the
EM78612 supports includes; Clear Feature, Get Configuration, Get Interface, Get
Status, Set Address, Set Configuration, Set Feature, and Set Interface.
Each time the UDC receives a USB command, it writes the command into EP0’s FIFO.
Only when it receives unsupported command will the UDC notify the MCU through
interrupt.
Therefore, the EM78612 is very flexible under USB application because the developer
can freely choose the method of decoding the USB command as dictated by different
situation.
6.4.3 Device Address and Endpoints
The EM78612 supports one device address, two endpoints, EP0 for control endpoint,
and EP1 for interrupt endpoint. Sending data to USB host in the EM78612 is very easy.
Just write data into the EP’s FIFO, set the flag, and the UDC will handle the rest. It will
then confirm that the USB host has received the correct data from the EM78612.
18 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
6.5 Reset
The EM78612 provides three types of reset: (1) Power-on Reset, (2) Watchdog Reset,
and (3) USB Reset.
6.5.1 Power-on Reset
Power-on Reset occurs when the device is attached to power and a reset signal is
initiated. The signal will last until the MCU becomes stable. After a Power-on Reset,
the MCU enters into the following predetermined states (see below), and then, it is
ready to execute the program.
A. The program counter is cleared.
B. The TCC timer and Watchdog timer are cleared.
C. Special registers and Special Control registers are all set to initial value.
The MCU also has a low voltage detector that detects low output power condition.
Whenever the output voltage of the 3.3V regulator decreases to below 2.2V, a reset
signal is set off.
6.5.2 Watchdog Reset
When the Watchdog timer overflows, it causes the Watchdog to reset. After it resets,
the program is executed from the beginning and some registers will be reset. The UDC
however, remains unaffected.
6.5.3 USB Reset
When the UDC detects a USB Reset signal on the USB Bus, it interrupts the MCU, then
proceed to perform the specified process that follows. After a USB device is attached
to the USB port, it cannot respond to any bus transactions until it receives a USB Reset
signal from the bus.
6.6 Power Saving Mode
The EM78612 provides two options of power saving modes for energy conservation,
i.e., Power Down mode, and Dual Clock mode.
6.6.1 Power Down Mode
The EM78612 enters into Power Down mode by clearing the RUN register (IOCE[4]).
During this mode, the oscillator is turned off and the MCU goes to sleep. It will wake up
when signal from the USB host is resumed, or when the Watchdog resets, or the input
port state changes.
If the MCU wakes up when the I/O port status changes, the of I/O port direction should
be set at input direction, then read the state of port. For example:
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 19
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
// Set Port 6 to input port
MOV
A,@0XFF
IOW
PORT 6
// Read the state of Port 6
MOV
PORT 6,PORT 6
// Clear the RUN bit
IOR
0X0E
AND
A,@0B11101111
IOW
0X0E
:
:
6.6.2 Dual Clock Mode
The EM78612 has one internal oscillator for power saving application. Clearing Bit
IOCE [7] will enable the low frequency oscillator. At the same time, the external
oscillator will be turned off. Then the MCU will run under very low frequency to
conserve power. Four types of frequency are available for selection in setting Bits
IOCA [6, 7].
The USB Host Resume Interrupt can only be used in this mode. If this interrupt is
enabled, the MCU will be interrupted when the USB Host Resume signal is detected on
USB Bus.
6.7 Interrupt
The EM78612 has two interrupt vectors, one is in 0x0001, and the other is in 0x000A.
When an interrupt occurs while the MCU is running, it will jump to the interrupt vector
(0x0001 or 0x000A) and execute the instructions sequentially from the interrupt vector.
RF is the interrupt status register that records the interrupt status in the relative
flags/bits.
The interrupt condition could be one of the following:
20 •
1.
TCC Overflow
When the Timer Clock / Counter Register (R1) overflows, the
status flag RF[0] will be set to 1. Its interrupt Vector is
0X0001.
2.
EP0 Interrupt
When the UDC successfully received a setup transaction
from host to EndPoint0, the status flag RF[1] will be set to 1.
Its interrupt Vector is 0X000A.
3.
USB Suspend
When UDC detects a USB Suspend signal on USB bus, the
status flag RF[2] will be set to 1. Its interrupt Vector is
0X000A.
4.
USB Reset
When the UDC detects a USB Reset signal on the USB bus,
the status flag RF[3] will be set to 1. Its interrupt Vector is
0X000A.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
5.
USB Host Resume
When UDC detects that the USB bus has left the Suspend
condition, the status flag RF[4] will be set to 1. Its interrupt
Vector is 0X000A.
6.
Port 5 State Change
When the input signals in Port 5 change, the status flag
RF[5] will be set to 1. Its interrupt Vector is 0X0001.
IOCF is an interrupt mask register which can be set individually bit by bit. While their
respective bit is written as 0, the hardware interrupt will be inhibited, that is, the
EM78612 will not jump to the interrupt vector to execute instructions. But the interrupt
status flags still record the conditions no matter whether the interrupt is masked or not.
The interrupt status flags must be cleared by firmware before leaving the interrupt
service routine and enabling interrupts.
The global interrupt is enabled by the ENI (RETI) instruction and is disabled by the DISI
instruction.
„
Interrupt flag. If a bit of RF is asserted, it means relative interrupt is requested.
„
Priority of USB, TCC interrupt: USB > TCC.
„
Additional hardware process/steps for an interrupt to occur, includes:
A. Disabling an interrupt means reserving the next interrupt process until
the instruction “RETI” is executed.
B. Jump to interrupt vector
C. Push “Accumulator”, “R3” and “R4”. Steps “A”, “B”, and “C” are
executed at the same time.
D. Clear “R3”and“R4”
E. If the instruction “RETI” is executed, pop “Accumulator”, “R3” and
“R4”.
F. Return to main program and enable interrupt. Steps “E” and “F” are executed
at the same time.
7
Absolute Maximum Ratings
Symbol
Min
Max
Unit
0
70
ºC
Storage temperature
-65
150
ºC
Input voltage
-0.5
6.0
V
Output voltage
-0.5
6.0
V
Temperature under bias
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 21
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
8
DC Electrical Characteristic
T = 25°C, VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Type Max
Unit
3.3V Regulator
VRag
Output voltage of 3.3V
Regulator
VDD = 5V
Ireg
3.3V Regulator driving
capacity
3.0
3.3
3.6
V
V3.3 = 3.3V
−
−
100
mA
−
−
±1
µA
MCU Operation
IIL
Input Leakage Current for
input pins
VIN= VDD,VSS
VIHX
Clock Input High Voltage
OSCI
2.5
−
-
V
VILX
Clock Input Low Voltage
OSCI
−
−
1.0
V
ICC1
VDD operating supply
current – Normal frequency
operation mode
−
−
10
mA
ISB
Operating supply Current 1 –
WDT disabled
Power down mode
−
−
100
µA
V
Freq. = 6 MHz
GPIO Pins
22 •
VIH
Input High Voltage
Port 5
2.0
−
−
VIL
Input Low Voltage
Port 5
−
−
0.8
V
VIH
Input High Voltage
Port 6 & 7
2.0
−
−
V
VIL
Input Low Voltage
Port 6 & 7
−
−
0.8
V
IOH1
Output High Voltage
(Port 6 and P72~P73)
VOH1 = 2.4V
VREG = 3.3V
−
11
−
mA
IOL1
Output Low Voltage
(Port 6 )
VOL2 = 0.4V
VREG = 3.3V
−
11
−
mA
IOH2
Output High Voltage
(Port 5)
VOH2 = 2.4V
VDD = 5V
−
7
−
mA
IOL2
Output Low Voltage
(Port 5)
VOL2 = 2.4V
VDD = 5V
−
13
−
mA
−
100
−
KΩ
−
8
−
KΩ
RPH
Pull-high resistor
RPL
Pull-low resistor
Input pin with internal
pull-high resistor of Port 6
or Port 7 is connected to
VSS.
input pin with internal
pull-low resistor of Port 6 is
connected to VDD.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
Symbol
Parameter
Condition
Min
Type
Max
Unit
USB Interface
VOH
Static Output High
2.8
−
3.6
V
VOL
Static Output Low
-
−
0.3
V
0.2
−
−
V
0.8
−
2.5
V
0.8
−
2.0
V
−
−
20
pF
3.0
−
3.6
V
−
1.5
−
KΩ
-30%
3
+30%
mA
-30%
6
+30%
mA
-30%
12
+30%
mA
-30%
25
+30%
mA
VDI
VCM
VSE
Differential Input Sensitivity
USB operation Mode
Differential Input Command
Mode Range
Single Ended Receiver
Threshold
CIN
Transceiver Capacitance
VRG
Output Voltage of Internal
Regulator
RPH
Pull-high resistor (D-)
USB operation Mode
Programmable Large Current
ISink1
ISink2
ISink3
ISink4
P70, P71 Output Sink
Current
P70, P71 Output Sink
Current
P70, P71 Output Sink
Current
P70, P71 Output Sink
Current
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
VOUT = 0.4V,
IOC8[0,1] or IOC8[4,5] = 00
VOUT = 0.4V,
IOC8[0,1] or IOC8[4,5] = 01
VOUT = 0.4V,
IOC8[0,1] or IOC8[4,5] = 10
VOUT = 0.4V,
IOC8[0,1] or IOC8[4,5] = 11
• 23
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
9
Application Circuits
USB Application
V3.3
VDD
EM78612
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
V3.3
8
9
C3
4.7uF
10
P60
P64
P61
P65
P62
P66
P63
P67
P70
P71
P72
P73
NC
P50/D+/CLK
VSS
P51/D-/DATA
V3.3
VDD
OSCI
OSCO
R1
1.5k
20
19
P51
P50
18
17
USB connector
16
Note1. IF IOCA = USB mode, MCU D- pin internal
pull-high to V3.3 with 1.5k resistor.
15
14
P50
13
P51
Note2. IF IOCA = USB test mode, it is necessary that
D- pin external pull-high to V3.3 with 1.5k resistor.
VDD
12
11
C1
10uF
C2
0.1uF
PS/2 Application
Y1
C4
J1
1
2
3
4
C5
6MHz or 12MHz resonator
8pF
J2
8pF
VDD
P50
Note :
A. Place C1 and C2 close to MCU VDD pin.
B. Place Y1, C4 and C5 close to MCU OSCI pin.
C. In USB application, it is necessary to place C3 close to MCU V3.3 pin.
D. Port6 and Port7 are 3.3V level I/O.
P51
5
3
1
6
4
2
PS/2 connector
Note3. IF IOCA = PS/2 mode, MCU CLK and DATA pin
internal pull-high to VDD with 2.2k resistor.
24 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
APPENDIX
A Special Register Map
„
Addr
Name
Operation Registers
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Default Value
0x00
R0
Indirect Addressing Register
0B_0000_0000
0x01
R1 (TCC)
Timer/Clock Counter
0B_0000_0000
0x02
R2 (PC)
Program Counter
0B_0000_0000
0x03
R3 (Status)
-
-
0x04
R4 (RSR)
-
BK0
0x05
R5 (Port 5)
-
-
-
-
-
-
0x06
R6 (Port 6)
P67
P66
P65
P64
P63
0x07
R7 (Port 7)
-
-
-
-
/Wu67
/Wu66
/Wu65
-
-
EP0_R
PS0
T
P
Z
DC
C
Select the register(address: 00~3F) in the indirect addressing mode
0B_0001_1xxx
0B_0xxx_xxxx
P51/D-
P50/D+
/DATA
/CLK
P62
P61
P60
0B_0000_0000
P73
P72
P71
P70
0B_0000_0000
/Wu64
/Wu63
/Wu62
/Wu61
/Wu60
0B_1111_1111
-
-
/Wu73
/Wu72
/Wu71
/Wu70
0B_1111_1111
EP1_R
0
STALL
0B_0000_0000
0B_0000_0000
R8 (Port 6
0x08
Wake-up Pin
Selection)
R9 (Port 7
0x09
Wake-up Pin
Selection)
Device
Host_
UDC_
Resume
SUSPEND
Writing
0x0C
RC
EP0_W
0x0D
RD
USB Application FIFO Address Register
0B_0000_0000
0x0E
RE
USB Application FIFO Data Register
0B_0000_0000
0x0F
RF
-
EP1_IF
Port 5 state
USB Host
USB
USB
change_IF Resume_ IF Reset_IF Suspend_IF
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EP0_IF
TCC_IF
0B_0000_0000
• 25
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
„
Addr
Control Registers
Name
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
Default Value
CONT
RW_E
INT
TSR2
TSR1
TSR0
PSR2
PSR1
PSR0
0B_0100_0000
0x05
IOC5
Port 5 Direction Control Register
0B_0000_0011
0x06
IOC6
Port 6 Direction Control Register
0B_1111_1111
0x07
IOC7
Port 7 Direction Control Register
0B_0000_1111
IOC8
0x08
(Sink Current)
0x09
IOC9
0x0A
IOCA
0x0B
-
-
Sink[71]_1
Sink[71]_0
Sink[70]_1 Sink[70]_0 0B_0000_0000
-
-
-
-
PS/2
USB
0B_1100_0000
Reserved
Dual_Frq Dual_Frq
.1
.0
IOCB
/PL67
/PL66
/PL65
/PL64
/PL63
/PL62
/PL61
/PL60
0B_0000_0000
0x0C
IOCC
/PH67
/PH66
/PH65
/PH64
/PH63
/PH62
/PH61
/PH60
0B_0000_0000
0x0D
IOCD
-
-
-
-
/PH73
/PH72
/PH71
/PH70
0B_0000_0000
0x0E
IOCE
/WUE
WTE
RUN
0
0
0
0
0B_1111_0000
0x0F
IOCF
USB
USB
EP0_IE
TCC_IE
0B_0000_0000
/Dual
clock
0
EP1_IE
Port5_State USB HOST
_Change_IE Resume_IF Reset_IE Suspend_IE
B Instruction Set
Each instruction in the instruction set is a 11-bit word divided into an OP code and one
or more operands. All instructions are executed within one single instruction cycle
(consisting of 2 oscillator periods), unless the program counter is changed by(a) Executing the instruction "MOV R2,A", "ADD R2,A", "TBL", or any other instructions
that write to R2 (e.g. "SUB R2,A", "BS R2,6", "CLR R2", ⋅⋅⋅⋅).
(b) execute CALL, RET, RETI, RETL, JMP, Conditional skip (JBS, JBC, JZ, JZA, DJZ,
DJZA) which were tested to be true.
Under these cases, the execution takes two instruction cycles.
In addition, the instruction set has the following features:
(1). Every bit of any register can be set, cleared, or tested directly.
(2). The I/O register can be regarded as general register. That is, the same instruction
can operate on I/O register.
26 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
Convention:
R = Register designator that specifies which one of the registers (including operation and general purpose
registers) is to be utilized by the instruction. Bits 6 and 7 determine the selected register bank.
b = Bit field designator that selects the value for the bit located in the register R and which affects the
operation.
k = 8 or 10-bit constant or literal value
Instruction Binary
Hex
Mnemonic
Operation
Status Affected
0 0000 0000 0000
0000
NOP
No Operation
0 0000 0000 0001
0001
DAA
Decimal Adjust A
0 0000 0000 0010
0002
CONTW
A → CONT
None
0 0000 0000 0011
0003
SLEP
0 → WDT, Stop oscillator
T, P
0 0000 0000 0100
0004
WDTC
0 → WDT
T, P
0 0000 0000 rrrr
000r
IOW R
A → IOCR
None 1
0 0000 0001 0000
0010
ENI
Enable Interrupt
None
None
C
0 0000 0001 0001
0011
DISI
Disable Interrupt
None
0 0000 0001 0010
0012
RET
[Top of Stack] → PC
None
0 0000 0001 0011
0013
RETI
[Top of Stack] → PC,
Enable Interrupt
A, R3, R4
0 0000 0001 0100
0014
CONTR
CONT → A
None
0 0000 0001 rrrr
001r
IOR R
IOCR → A
None 1
0 0000 0010 0000
0020
TBL
R2+A → R2,
Bits 8~9 of R2 unchanged
0 0000 01rr rrrr
00rr
MOV R,A
A→R
None
0 0000 1000 0000
0080
CLRA
0→A
Z
0 0000 11rr rrrr
00rr
CLR R
0→R
0 0001 00rr rrrr
01rr
SUB A,R
R-A → A
Z, C, DC
0 0001 01rr rrrr
01rr
SUB R,A
R-A → R
Z, C, DC
0 0001 10rr rrrr
01rr
DECA R
R-1 → A
Z
0 0001 11rr rrrr
01rr
DEC R
R-1 → R
Z
0 0010 00rr rrrr
02rr
OR A,R
A ∨ VR → A
Z
0 0010 01rr rrrr
02rr
OR R,A
A ∨ VR → R
Z
0 0010 10rr rrrr
02rr
AND A,R
A&R→A
Z
0 0010 11rr rrrr
02rr
AND R,A
A&R→R
Z
0 0011 00rr rrrr
03rr
XOR A,R
A⊕R→A
Z
0 0011 01rr rrrr
03rr
XOR R,A
A⊕R→R
Z
0 0011 10rr rrrr
03rr
ADD A,R
A+R→A
Z, C, DC
0 0011 11rr rrrr
03rr
ADD R,A
A+R→R
Z, C, DC
0 0100 00rr rrrr
04rr
MOV A,R
R→A
Z
0 0100 01rr rrrr
04rr
MOV R,R
R→R
Z
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
Z, C, DC
Z
• 27
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
Instruction Binary
Hex
Mnemonic
Operation
Status Affected
0 0100 10rr rrrr
04rr
COMA R
/R → A
Z
0 0100 11rr rrrr
04rr
COM R
/R → R
Z
0 0101 00rr rrrr
05rr
INCA R
R+1 → A
Z
0 0101 01rr rrrr
05rr
INC R
R+1 → R
Z
0 0101 10rr rrrr
05rr
DJZA R
R-1 → A, skip if zero
None
0 0101 11rr rrrr
05rr
DJZ R
R-1 → R, skip if zero
None
0 0110 00rr rrrr
06rr
RRCA R
R(n) → A(n-1),
R(0) → C, C → A(7)
C
0 0110 01rr rrrr
06rr
RRC R
R(n) → R(n-1),
R(0) → C, C → R(7)
C
0 0110 10rr rrrr
06rr
RLCA R
R(n) → A(n+1),
R(7) → C, C → A(0)
C
0 0110 11rr rrrr
06rr
RLC R
R(n) → R(n+1),
R(7) → C, C → R(0)
C
0 0111 00rr rrrr
07rr
SWAPA R
R(0-3) → A(4-7),
R(4-7) → A(0-3)
None
0 0111 01rr rrrr
07rr
SWAP R
R(0-3) ↔ R(4-7)
None
0 0111 10rr rrrr
07rr
JZA R
R+1 → A, skip if zero
None
0 0111 11rr rrrr
07rr
JZ R
R+1 → R, skip if zero
None
0 100b bbrr rrrr
0xxx
BC R,b
0 → R(b)
None 2
0 101b bbrr rrrr
0xxx
BS R,b
1 → R(b)
None
0 110b bbrr rrrr
0xxx
JBC R,b
if R(b)=0, skip
None
0 111b bbrr rrrr
0xxx
JBS R,b
if R(b)=1, skip
None
1 00kk kkkk kkkk
1kkk
CALL k
PC+1 → [SP],
(Page, k) → PC
None
1 01kk kkkk kkkk
1kkk
JMP k
(Page, k) → PC
None
1 1000 kkkk kkkk
18kk
MOV A,k
k→A
None
1 1001 kkkk kkkk
19kk
OR A,k
A∨k→A
Z
1 1010 kkkk kkkk
1Akk
AND A,k
A&k→A
Z
1 1011 kkkk kkkk
1Bkk
XOR A,k
A⊕k→A
Z
1 1100 kkkk kkkk
1Ckk
RETL k
k → A, [Top of Stack] → PC
1 1101 kkkk kkkk
1Dkk
SUB A,k
k-A → A
Z, C, DC
1 1111 kkkk kkkk
1Fkk
ADD A,k
k+A → A
Z, C, DC
None
1
Note: This instruction is applicable for IOCx only
2
This instruction is not recommended for RE and RF operation
28 •
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
EM78612
Universal Serial Bus Microcontroller
C Code Option Register
The EM78612 has one Code option register, which is not part of the normal program
memory. The option bits cannot be accessed during normal program execution.
Bit 8
Bit 7
Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
0
1
0
R.S.
Package_1
Package_0
OST_1
OST_0
Frequency
Bit 0 (Frequency): Frequency Selection
0: The MCU run on 12 MHz
1: The MCU run on 6 MHz
Bits 2~1 (OST_1 ~ OST_0): Oscillator Start-up Time.
00: 500 µs
01: 2 ms
10: 8 ms
11: 16 ms
Bits 4~3 (Package_1 ~ Package_0): Package type selector
00: 16 pins
01: 18 pins
10: 20 pins
11: Not defined
Bit 5 (R.S.): Resistor Switch, enabled of Transceiver.
0: Disconnect internal USB D- pull high Register
1: Connect internal USB D- pull high Resister
Bits 8~6: These are fixed constant values.
Product Specification (V1.4) 11.23.2011
(This specification is subject to change without further notice)
• 29
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