Bayliner 285 Cruiser Specifications

Bayliner 285 Cruiser Specifications
Engine Serial Number:
Hull Identification Number:
Hull Identification Number
• The Hull Identification Number (HIN) is
located on the starboard side of the transom.
• Record the HIN (and the engine serial numbers) in the space provided above.
• Include the HIN with any correspondence
or orders.
HIN LOCATION
TRANSOM
VIEW
© 2003 Bayliner Technical Publications. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in any retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission of Bayliner.
Printed in the United States of America.
General Notes
The material in this document is for information only and is subject to change without notice. While reasonable efforts have been made in the preparation of this
document to assure its accuracy, Bayliner assumes no liability resulting from errors or omissions in this document, or from the use of information contained
herein.
Due to our commitment to product improvement, Bayliner reserves the right to make changes in the product design,
specifications, and equipment at any
time without notice or obligation. Illustrations and/or photos may show optional equipment.
All Bayliner products meet or exceed USCG (Unites States Coast Guard) and/or NMMA (National Marine Manufacturer’s Association) construction standards.
Manufactured with 1,1,1 Trichloroethane, a substance which harms public health and environment during the manufacturing process by destroying ozone in the
upper atmosphere.
Proprietary Rights
This document discloses subject matter in which Bayliner has proprietary rights. The information and design disclosed herein were originated by and are the property of Bayliner. Neither receipt nor possession thereof confers or transfers any right to reproduce, copy, alter or disclose the document or any part thereof, any
information contained therein, or to construct boats or any item from it, except by written permission from or written agreement with Bayliner. This document is to
be returned upon request to Bayliner.
CONTENTS
1
Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
10
Chapter 2: Features / Systems
1
Dimensions and Tank Capacities
10
Hull Exterior Hardware & Drains
1
Layout View
11
1
Dealer Service
1
Warranty Information
2
Boating Experience
2
Engine & Accessories Guidelines
2
Engine & Accessories Literature
14
3
Safety Standards
15
3
Qualified Maintenance
4
Special Care For Moored Boats
4
5
Boat Lifting
5
6
Sacrificial Anodes (Zincs)
11
Helm Layout
Navigation & Communication Equipment
15 VHF Radio (If Equipped)
15 Compass (If Equipped)
15 Depth Finder (If Equipped)
16
17
Sling Placement
Facts about CO
Where and How CO Can Accumulate
How to Protect Yourself and Others From CO
Trip Checklist
Monthly Checklist
Annual Checklist
Carbon Monoxide Alarm System
More Information
Anchor Windlass (If Equipped)
12 Aft Deck
12 Radar Wing
13 Cockpit
Electrical Systems
12 Volt DC System
17
17
17
17
17
18
18
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
6
7
7
8
8
8
8
9
Deck Hardware and Accessories
11 Forward Deck
19
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
12 Volt Accessory Outlets
Batteries
Alternators
Battery Charger (If Equipped)
Battery Switch
Battery Switch Positions
Shore Power/120 Volt AC System
21 Connecting To Shore Power
22 Line 2 Transfer Switch (Dual Shore Power)
22
Lighting
36
22 Navigation and Interior Lights
23
24
Audio Equipment
25
Propulsion
25 Engine
25 Engine Access
25 Engine Room Ventilation System
26
Fuel System
26 Fuel Fill and Vent
27 Fuel Filters
27 Anti-siphon Valve
28
Quick Oil Drain System
29
Controls
29 Power Trim and Tilt
30 Trim Tabs
31
Bilge Pumps
32 Autofloat Switches
33
Freshwater Systems (If Equipped)
33 Transom Shower
34 Water Heater (If Equipped)
35
36 Seacocks
36 Seawater Strainers
Appliances
23 Alcohol/Electric Stove
24 Microwave Oven (If Equipped)
24 120-Volt AC/12-Volt DC Refrigerator
Sink & Shower Drain Systems
35 Sump Box Cleaning
35 Sump System Winterization
Seawater Systems
37
Marine Head With Holding Tank
37 Using The Marine Head
37 Winterizing The Head
38 Macerator (If Equipped)
39
Air Conditioning System (If Equipped)
40
Canvas Top (If Equipped)
41
Chapter 3: Electrical Routings
41
Hull Wire Harness Routings
42
Deck Wire Harness Routings
43
Battery Cable Routings
44
Chapter 4: Wiring Diagrams
44
AC Electrical System, Single Dockside
45
AC Electrical System, Dual Dockside
46
Gas Engine Electrical System
47
Diesel Engine Electrical System
49
Important Records
50
Float Plan
Hazard Boxes & Symbols
The hazard boxes and symbols shown below are used throughout this supplement to call attention to potentially dangerous situations which could lead to either personal injury or product damage. Read All warnings carefully and
follow All safety instructions.
!
DANGER!
This box alerts you to immediate hazards which WILL cause severe personal injury or death if
the warning is ignored.
!
WARNING!
This box alerts you to hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in severe personal
injury or death if the warning is ignored.
!
CAUTION!
This box alerts you to hazards or unsafe practices which COULD result in minor personal
injury or cause product or property damage if the warning is ignored.
NOTICE
This box calls attention to installation, operation or maintenance information, which is
important to proper operation but is not hazard related.
FIRE
HAZARD!
EXPLOSION
HAZARD!
FALLING
HAZARD!
NO OPEN
FLAME!
ROTATING
PROPELLER HAZARD!
ELECTRICAL
HAZARD!
HOT
HAZARD!
RUN BILGE BLOWERS
FOR 4 MINUTES!
CO POISONING
HAZARD!
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
This Owner’s Manual Supplement provides specific information about your boat that is not covered in the Cruiser &
Yacht Owner’s Manual. Please study the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual and this Supplement carefully. Keep the
Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual and this Supplement on your boat in a secure, yet readily available place.
Dimensions and Tank Capacities
Overall
Bridge
Draft
Draft (Drive
Beam
Length Clearance
(Drive Up)
Down)
28' 6"
9' 1"
9' 10"
Fuel Capacity
(gal)
1' 8"
Freshwater
Waste Holding
Capacity (gal.) Tank Capacity (gal.)
102
33
20
Layout View
hanging
locker
step
retractable
transom
seat
sunlounge
stowage
under
stowage
aft berth
below
seat
steps
galley
berth w/
stowage
under
steps
transom
gate
engine
hatch
Flip up
Bolster
Helmseat
sink
head
refer dinette
under
rope
locker
stowage
under
step
Dealer Service
•
•
•
•
•
Ask your dealer to explain all systems before taking delivery of your boat.
Your dealer is your key to service.
Contact your dealer if you have any questions or problems with your new boat.
If your dealer cannot help, call our customer service hotline: 360-435-8957 or send us a FAX: 360-403-4235.
Buy replacement parts from any authorized Bayliner dealer.
Warranty Information
• Bayliner offers a Limited Warranty on each new Bayliner purchased through an authorized Bayliner dealer.
• A copy of the Limited Warranty was included in your owner’s packet.
• If you did not receive a copy of the Limited Warranty, please contact your dealer or call 360-435-8957 for a copy.
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285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Boating Experience
WARNING!
!
CONTROL HAZARD!
A qualified operator must be in control of the boat at all times. DO NOT operate your boat
while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
If this is your first boat or if you are changing to a type of boat you are not familiar with, for your own comfort and
safety, obtain handling and operating experience before assuming command of the boat.
Take one of the boating safety classes offered by the U.S. Power Squadrons or the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary.
For more course information, including dates and locations of upcoming classes, contact the organizations directly:
• U.S. Power Squadrons: 1-888-FOR-USPS (1-888-367-8777) or on the Internet at: http://www.usps.org
• U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 1-800-368-5647 or on the Internet at: http://www.cgaux.org
Outside the United States, your selling dealer, national sailing federation or local boat club can advise you of local
sea schools or competent instructors.
Engine & Accessories Guidelines
NOTICE
When storing your boat please refer to your engine’s operation and maintenance manuals.
• Your boat’s engines and accessories were selected to provide optimum performance and service.
• Installing different engines or other accessories may cause unwanted handling characteristics.
• Should you choose to install different engines or to add accessories that will affect the boat’s running trim, have an
experienced marine technician perform a safety inspection and handling test before operating your boat again.
• Certain modifications to your boat will result in the cancellation of your warranty protection. Always check
with your dealer before making any modifications to your boat.
Engine & Accessories Literature
• The engine and accessories installed on your boat come with their own operation and maintenance manuals.
• Read and understand these manuals before using the engine and accessories.
• Unless noted otherwise, all engine and accessory literature referred to in this Owner’s Manual Supplement is
included in your owner’s packet.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
Safety Standards
!
DANGER!
FALLING and ROTATING PROPELLER HAZARD!
• NEVER allow anyone to ride on parts of the boat not designed for
such use.
• Sitting on seat backs, lounging on the forward deck, bow riding, gunwale riding or occupying the transom platform while underway is especially hazardous and
will cause personal injury or death.
!
DANGER!
ROTATING PROPELLER and CARBON MONOXIDE
POISONING HAZARD!
• NEVER allow anyone to occupy, or hang from, the
back deck or swim platform while the engine(s)
are running.
• Teak surfing, dragging, or water skiing within 20 feet
of a moving watercraft can be fatal.
!
DANGER!
DANGER
PERSONAL SAFETY HAZARD!
ALWAYS secure the anchor and other loose objects before getting underway. The anchor and
other items that are not properly secured can come loose when the boat is moving and cause
personal injury or death.
Your boat’s mechanical and electrical systems were designed to meet safety standards in effect at the time it was
built. Some of these standards were mandated by law, all of them were designed to insure your safety, and the safety
of other people, vessels and property.
In addition to this Owner’s Manual Supplement, please read the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual and all accessory
instructions for important safety standards and hazard information.
Qualified Maintenance
!
WARNING!
To maintain the integrity and safety of your boat, allow only qualified personnel to perform
maintenance on, or in any way modify: The steering system, propulsion system, engine control
system, fuel system, environmental control system, electrical system or navigational system.
• Failure to maintain your boat’s systems (listed in the warning above) as designed could violate the laws in your
jurisdiction and could expose you and other people to the danger of bodily injury or accidental death.
• Follow the instructions provided in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual, this Owner’s Manual Supplement, the
engine owner’s manual and all accessory literature.
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Special Care For Moored Boats
NOTICE
• To help seal the hull bottom and reduce the possibility of gelcoat blistering on moored boats,
apply an epoxy barrier coating. The barrier coating should be covered with several coats of
anti-fouling paint.
• Many states regulate the chemical content of bottom paints in order to meet environmental
standards. Check with your local dealer about recommended bottom paints, and about the
laws in effect in your area.
• Whether moored in saltwater or freshwater, your boat will collect marine growth on its hull bottom.
• This will detract from the boat’s beauty, greatly affect its performance and may damage the gelcoat.
• There are two methods of slowing marine growth:
1. Periodically haul the boat out of the water and scrub the hull bottom with a bristle brush and a solution
of soap and water.
2. Occasionally re-paint the hull below the waterline with a good grade of anti-fouling paint.
Sacrificial Anodes (Zincs)
NOTICE
Do not paint between the zinc and the metal surface it contacts and do not paint over the zincs.
Your boat is equipped with sacrificial anodes (zincs) to protect underwater metal parts from excessive deterioration.
Check the zincs regularly and replace them if they have deteriorated more than 70%.
There are many factors that affect the rate at which the zincs deteriorate, including:
• Water temperature
• Salinity
• Water pollution
Stray electrical current from the boat or dock may cause complete deterioration in just a few weeks. If there is rapid
zinc deterioration, measure the electrolytic corrosion around your boat with a Corrosion Test Meter. If the zincs are
not bonded correctly, they will not provide protection.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
Boat Lifting
!
CAUTION!
PRODUCT OR PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
• When lifting any boat, always use a spreader bar. The spreader bar must be equal to the
width of the boat at the lifting point.
!
WARNING!
PERSONAL INJURY and /or PRODUCT OR PROPERTY DAMAGE HAZARD!
• Lift slings may slip on the hull. Avoid serious injury or death by securing the slings together
before lifting.
NOTE: LIFTING SLING POSITIONS SHOWN ON THIS DRAWING
ARE TYPICAL FOR PORT AND STARBOARD SIDES.
44"
LIFTING SLING
LABEL (TYPICAL)
167"
• Always follow the lift equipment’s instructions and requirements.
• If water is present in the bilge, pump or drain the water out of the bilge areas before lifting your boat. Water in the
bilge can shift and change the balance of the load.
Sling Placement
When lifting your boat, always position the lifting slings at the port and starboard sling label positions as shown in
the illustration above.
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Carbon Monoxide (CO)
!
DANGER!
• Carbon monoxide gas (CO) is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and
extremely dangerous.
• All engines, generators, and fuel burning appliances produce CO
as exhaust.
• Prolonged exposure to low concentrations or very quick exposure to
high concentrations will cause BRAIN DAMAGE or DEATH.
• Teak surfing, dragging, or water skiing within 20 feet of a moving
watercraft can be fatal.
Facts about CO
• CO poisoning causes a significant number of boating deaths each year.
• Called the "silent killer", CO is an extremely toxic, colorless, odorless and tasteless gas.
• CO can harm or even kill you inside or outside your boat.
• CO can affect you whether you’re underway, moored, or anchored.
• CO symptoms are similar to seasickness or alcohol intoxication.
• CO can make you sick in seconds. In high enough concentrations, even a few breaths can be fatal.
• Breathing CO blocks the ability of your blood to carry oxygen.
• The effects are cumulative, even low levels of exposure can result in injury or death.
Factors That Increase the Effects of CO Poisoning
• Age
• Smokers or people exposed to high concentrations of cigarette smoke
• Consumption of alcohol
• Lung disorders
• Heart problems
• Pregnancy
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
Where and How CO Can Accumulate
Stationary Conditions That Increase CO Accumulations Include:
A. Using engine,
generator, or
other fuel
burning device
when boat is
moored in a
confined space.
B. Mooring too close to another boat that is using its
engine, generator, or other fuel burning device.
To correct stationary situations A and/or B:
• Close all windows, portlights and hatches.
• If possible, move your boat away from source of CO.
Running Conditions That Increase CO Accumulations Include:
C. Running boat with trim angle of bow too high.
D. Running boat without through ventilation
(station wagon effect).
To correct running situations C and/or D:
• Trim bow down.
• Open windows and canvas.
• When possible, run boat so that prevailing winds help dissipate exhaust.
How to Protect Yourself and Others From CO
• Know where and how CO may accumulate in and around your boat (see above).
• Maintain fresh air circulation throughout the boat at all times.
• Know where your engine and generator exhaust outlets are located and keep everyone away from these areas.
• Never sit on, or hang onto, the back deck or swim platform while the engine(s) are running.
• Never enter the areas under swim platforms where exhaust outlets are located.
• Although CO can be present without the smell of exhaust fumes, if exhaust fumes are detected on the boat, take
immediate action to dissipate these fumes.
• Treat symptoms of seasickness as possible CO poisoning. Get the person into fresh air immediately. Seek medical
attention—unless you’re sure it’s not CO.
• Install and maintain CO alarms inside your boat. Do not ignore any alarm. Replace alarms as recommended by the
alarm manufacturer.
• Follow the checklists provided on the next page.
• Get a Vessel Safety Check.
For information on how to get a free VESSEL SAFETY CHECK, visit www.vesselsafetycheck.org or contact your
local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or United States Power Squadrons®.
• U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 1-800-368-5647 or on the Internet at: http://www.cgaux.org
• U.S. Power Squadrons: 1-888-FOR-USPS (1-888-367-8777) or on the Internet at: http://www.usps.org
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Trip Checklist
❏ Make sure you know where the exhaust outlets are located on your boat.
❏ Educate all passengers about the symptoms of CO poisoning and where CO may accumulate.
❏ When docked, or rafted with another boat, be aware of exhaust emissions from the other boat.
❏ Confirm that water flows from the exhaust outlet when the engines and generator are started.
❏ Listen for any change in exhaust sound, which could indicate an exhaust component failure.
❏ Test the operation of each CO alarm by pressing the test button.
Monthly Checklist
❏ Make sure all exhaust clamps are in place and secure.
❏ Look for exhaust leaking from exhaust system components. Signs include rust and/or black streaking, water
leaks, or corroded or cracked fittings.
❏ Inspect rubber exhaust hoses for burned, cracked, or deteriorated sections. all rubber hoses should be pliable and
free of kinks.
Annual Checklist
Have a Qualified Marine Technician:
❏ Replace exhaust hoses if cracking, charring, or deterioration is found.
❏ Ensure that your engines and generators are properly tuned, and well maintained.
❏ Inspect each water pump impeller and the water pump housing. Replace if worn. Make sure cooling systems are
in working condition.
❏ Inspect all metal exhaust parts for cracking, rusting, leaking, or loosening and check the cylinder head gasket,
exhaust manifold, water injection elbow, and the threaded adapter nipple between the manifold and the elbow.
❏ Clean, inspect, and confirm proper operation of the generator cooling water anti-siphon valve (if equipped).
Carbon Monoxide Alarm System
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
• The house battery switch must beDANGER
in the On position for the CO Monitors
to work.
NOTICE
The stereo memory and CO monitor(s) place a small, but constant drain on the battery. If your
boat will be unattended for an extended amount of time, plug into shore power with the battery
charger turned On, or disconnect the battery if shore power is not an option.
• Do not disconnect the alarm system.
• Read and understand the manufacturer’s instructions for your CO alarm system. If you did not receive an
instruction manual, call (800) 383-0269 and one will be mailed to you.
If your boat is not equipped with a carbon monoxide alarm, consider purchasing one from your dealer or marine
supply store.
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Chapter 1: Welcome Aboard!
More Information
For more information about how you can prevent carbon monoxide poisoning on recreational boats and other ways to
boat more safely, contact:
United States Coast Guard
Office of Boating Safety (G-OPB-3)
2100 Second Street SW
Washington, DC 20593
www.uscgboating.org
1-800-368-5647
National Marine Manufacturers
Association (NMMA)
200 East Randolph Drive
Suite 5100
Chicago, IL 60601-9301
www.nmma.org
312-946-6200
American Boat & Yacht Council,
Inc. (ABYC)
3069 Solomon’s Island Road
Edgewater, MD 21037-1416
www.abycinc.org
410-956-1050
For information on how to get a free VESSEL SAFETY CHECK, visit www.vesselsafetycheck.org or contact your
local U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary or United States Power Squadrons®.
• U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary: 1-800-368-5647 or on the Internet at: http://www.cgaux.org
• U.S. Power Squadrons: 1-888-FOR-USPS (1-888-367-8777) or on the Internet at: http://www.usps.org
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Chapter 2: Features / Systems
Hull Exterior Hardware & Drains
FUEL TANK
VENT
WASTE HOLDING
TANK VENT
STORAGE
DRAIN
WATER TANK
VENT
BOW
EYE
COCKPIT
DRAINS
AFT BILGE
PUMP DRAIN
FWD BILGE
PUMP DRAIN
SHOWER
SUMP DRAIN
HEAD SINK
DRAIN
ROPE
LOCKER
DRAIN
AIR CONDITIONER AIR CONDITIONER
OVERBOARD
DRAIN
GALLEY
DRAIN
COCKPIT
DRAINS
TRANSOM
VIEW
STERN EYE
GARBOARD DRAIN
10
BOARDING LADDER
TRIM TAB
TRIM TAB
STERN EYE
MACERATOR OVERBOARD
DISCHARGE (IF EQUIPPED)
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 2: Features / Systems
Deck Hardware and Accessories
Forward Deck
WINDSHIELD
WIPER
DECK CLEAT
(TYPICAL)
DECK
HATCHES
BOW
HATCH
BOW
CLEAT
WINDLASS
SWITCH
WINDLASS
SWITCH
FWD
ANCHOR
WINDLASS
ANCHOR
ROLLER
BOW RAIL
TOE RAIL
ROPE
CHOCK
NAVIGATIONAL
LIGHTS (TYPICAL)
ROPE CHOCK
Anchor Windlass (If Equipped)
Your boat may feature an anchor windlass. Read the manufacturer’s instruction manual supplied in your boat’s
owner’s packet before using the anchor windlass for the first time.
• The windlass can be controlled from a switch at the helm or from the deck switches.
• Make sure that the windlass breaker, located under the aft cockpit entertainment center sink, is turned On before
using the anchor windlass.
• To haul the anchor, use engine power (not the windlass) to move the boat to, and directly above, the anchor.
• Use the windlass to disengage the anchor from the bottom by pulling it straight up.
! CAUTION!
PRODUCT DAMAGE HAZARD!
Do not pull the boat to the anchor using the windlass or continue to use the windlass if it has stalled or
is overloaded.
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Aft Deck
AFT DECK
STORAGE AREA
GRAB
HANDLES
WASTE PUMP
OUT FITTING
DECK
CLEAT
(TYPICAL)
FUEL FILL
FITTING
SWIM
STEP
BOARDING
LADDER
TRANSOM
Radar Wing
ANTENNA
MOUNT
ALL AROUND
LIGHT
COURTESY
LIGHT
SPEAKER
ACCESS TO
INSTALLATION
AREA
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Chapter 2: Features / Systems
Cockpit
VIEW OF AFT COCKPIT
AFT DECK
SEAT
REMOVABLE
TABLE
AFT
ENGINE ROOM
ACCESS HATCH
VIEW OF AFT STARBOARD COCKPIT
ACCESS TO FUEL
FILL AND WASTE
PUMP-OUT HOSES
COURTESY
LIGHT
TRANSOM
DOOR
COCKPIT
STORAGE
AFT
ENGINE ROOM
ACCESS HATCH
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Helm Layout
HELM INSTRUMENT PANEL
TEMPERATURE
GAUGE
TACHOMETER
DEPTH
SOUNDER
(IF EQUIPPED)
OIL
GAUGE
VOLTMETER
SPEEDOMETER
FUEL
GAUGE
COMPASS
(IF EQUIPPED)
SHIFT/THROTTLE
LEVER W/ TRIM &
TILT SWITCH
ACCESSORY SWITCHES
12 VOLT
ADAPTER
12V DC - MAIN
FUSE PANEL
14
VHF RADIO
(IF EQUIPPED)
TRIM TAB
SWITCHES
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 2: Features / Systems
Navigation & Communication Equipment
The owner’s packet contains instruction manuals for all navigation & communication equipment installed on your
boat. Thoroughly read and understand these manuals before using these systems. Additionally, read the warnings
below carefully and follow all safety instructions.
VHF Radio (If Equipped)
Your boat may include a VHF (Very High Frequency) radio at the helm. The VHF radio can be used to access
weather reports, summon assistance or contact other vessels as permitted by the FCC (Federal Communications
Commission). Be sure to contact the FCC for licensing, rules and regulations concerning VHF radio usage.
Compass (If Equipped)
NOTICE
Compass accuracy can be affected by many factors. Have a qualified technician calibrate your
compass. Make sure the technician gives you a deviation card which shows the corrections to
apply in navigational calculations. Keep a copy of the deviation card at the helm.
Depth Finder (If Equipped)
!
WARNING!
• DO NOT use the depth finder as a navigational aid to prevent collision, grounding, boat
damage or personal injury.
• When the boat is moving, submerged objects will not be seen until they are already under
the boat. Bottom depths may change too quickly to allow time for the boat operator to react.
If you suspect shallow water or submerged objects, operate the boat at very slow speeds.
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Electrical Systems
!
•
•
•
•
•
EXTREME FIRE, SHOCK & EXPLOSION HAZARD!
To minimize the risks of fire and explosion, NEVER install knife switches or other arcing
devices in the fuel compartments.
NEVER substitute automotive parts for marine parts. Electrical, ignition and fuel system
parts were designed and manufactured to comply with rules and regulations that minimize
risks of fire and explosion.
DO NOT modify the electrical systems or relevant drawings.
Have qualified personnel install batteries and/or perform electrical system maintenance.
Make sure that all battery switches are turned Off before performing any work in the
engine spaces.
!
•
•
•
•
DAN GER!
WA RNING!
FIRE & EXPLOSION HAZARD!
Fuel fumes are heavier than air and will collect in the bilge areas where they can be
accidently ignited.
Visually and by smell (sniff test), check the engine and fuel compartments for fumes or
accumulation of fuel.
ALWAYS run the bilge blowers for at least four minutes prior to engine starting, electrical
system maintenance or activation of electrical devices.
Minimize the danger of fire and explosion by not exposing the batteries to open flame or
sparks. NEVER smoke anywhere near the batteries.
!
CAUTION!
SHOCK & ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
NEVER disconnect the battery cables while the engine is running since it can cause
damage to your yacht’s electrical system components.
NOTICE
Electrical connections are prone to corrosion. To reduce corrosion caused electrical problems,
keep all electrical connections clean and apply a spray-on protectant that is designed to protect
connections from corrosion.
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12 Volt DC System
Fuses and Circuit Breakers
• Fuses and circuit breakers for engines and main
accessory power are on the DC main fuse panel
and on the battery switch panel.
• Some equipment may have secondary fuse protection at the unit or behind the battery switch.
• Electronics power is provided at the helm station.
VOLTMETER
AFT DECK
STORAGE
BATTERY SWITCH LOCATED
IN AFT DECK STORAGE
AREA ON PORT SIDE
DC MAIN
FUSE PANEL
12 Volt Accessory Outlets
!
CAUTION!
DO NOT use the 12 volt accessory outlets with cigarette or cigar lighters. High temperatures
may melt the outlets.
Your boat is equipped with two 12 volt accessory outlets; one at the helm and one in the galley. These outlets can be
used with any 12 volt device which draws 15 amps or less. The 12 volt accessory outlets are protected by 15 amp
circuit breakers on the DC main fuse panel.
Batteries
The batteries supply electricity for lights, accessories and
engine starting.
The Electrical section of Chapter 8, in the Cruiser &
Yacht Owner’s Manual, provides battery, care and
maintenance instructions.
AFT
M
SO
AN
R
T
Alternators
The alternators on your engines maintain proper charge
levels of your boat’s batteries when the engine is running.
ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
BATTERY
LOCATIONS
Battery Charger (If Equipped)
!
CAUTION!
The battery charging systems (alternator and battery charger) installed on your boat are
designed to charge conventional lead-acid batteries. Before installing gel-cell or other new technology batteries, consult with the battery manufacturer about charging system requirements.
Your boat may be equipped with a battery charger. Thoroughly read and understand the battery charger manual
(provided in your boat’s owner’s packet) before using the battery charger for the first time.
• The battery charger will charge the boat’s batteries whenever the boat is plugged into 120V/60Hz shore power.
• For proper charging; turn the battery switch to any position except BOTH.
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Battery Switch
The battery switch (located behind
POSITION "1"
POSITION "BOTH"
ACTIVATES
ACTIVATES BOTH
the helm seat in the storage area) has
BATTERY "1"
BATTERIES
four (4) positions (see photograph on
the right);
• Position 1 - Battery 1 provides
AFT DECK
STORAGE
power for engine starting and
POSITION "2"
ACTIVATES
accessories. Battery 1 (only) will
BATTERY "2"
be charged by the engine alternator
when the engine is running at high
idle or faster.
BATTERY SWITCH LOCATED
IN AFT DECK STORAGE
"OFF"
• Position 2 - Battery 2 provides
AREA ON PORT SIDE
POSITION
power for engine starting and
accessories. Battery 2 (only) will
be charged by the engine alternator
when the engine is running at high
BATTERY SWITCH
idle or faster.
• Position BOTH - If batteries are low, provides power for engine starting from both batteries. The BOTH
position also allows the charging of both batteries by the engine alternator when the engine is running at high
idle or faster.
• Turn the battery switch to the Off position whenever the boat will be unoccupied for long periods of time.
Battery Switch Positions
Battery Switch
Position
Engine Starting
Accessories and Lights
Engine Alternator
Battery Charger
POSITION
1
Battery 1
Provides Starting Power
Battery 1
Provides Power for
Accessories and Lights
Charges
Battery 1
Charges
BOTH
Batteries
POSITION
2
Battery 2
Provides Starting Power
Battery 2
Provides Power for
Accessories and Lights
Charges
Battery 2
Charges
BOTH
Batteries
BOTH Batteries
Provide Starting Power
BOTH Batteries Provide
Power for Accessories
and Lights (not advised
unless engine is running)
Charges BOTH
Batteries
Batteries will NOT
Charge Properly
BOTH
POSITION
NOTICE
Since the batteries on your boat were dealer-installed, the battery switch positions listed above
may vary. Make sure you get a full explanation of battery switch use from your selling dealer.
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Shore Power/120 Volt AC System
! DANGER!
•
•
•
•
•
FIRE, EXPLOSION & SHOCK HAZARD!
DO NOT alter shore power connectors and use only compatible connectors.
Before connecting or disconnecting the shore power cord to your boat, make sure all
breakers and switches on the AC master panel are turned Off.
To prevent shock or injury from an accidental dropping of the “hot” cord into the water,
ALWAYS attach the shore power cord to the boat inlet first; then to the dockside connection.
When disconnecting from shore power, disconnect the shore power cord from the dockside
connection first.
NEVER leave a shore power cord connected to the dockside connection only.
Only use shore power cords approved for marine use. NEVER use ordinary indoor or
outdoor extension cords that are not rated for marine use.
!
WARNING!
SHOCK & ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
• Monitor the polarity indicator lights EVERY TIME you connect to shore power.
• When connecting to shore power; if a reversed polarity light (RED colored) goes On,
DO NOT energize the main breaker switches. Instead, IMMEDIATELY disconnect the shore
power cord (ALWAYS from the dockside receptacle first) and notify marina management.
!
WARNING!
SHOCK & ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
• Periodically check the shore power cord(s) for deterioration or damage. NEVER use
damaged or faulty cords since the danger of fire and electrical shock exists.
• DO NOT pinch shore power cords in doors or hatches, or coil the shore power cord too
tightly since these situations can generate enough heat to result in a fire.
• If a shore power cord accidently becomes immersed in water, THOROUGHLY dry the
blades and contact slots before reusing.
!
CAUTION!
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
• NEVER connect dockside power to your boat outside North America unless you have
purchased the international electrical conversion equipment.
• The simultaneous use of several AC components can result in an overloaded circuit. It may
be necessary to turn Off one or more accessories in order to use another accessory.
• Use double insulated or three-wire protected electrical appliances whenever possible.
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!
CAUTION!
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARD!
Do not energize the water heater electrical circuit until the heater is COMPLETELY filled with
water. The tank is full if water flows from the tap when the hot water is turned On in the galley.
Even momentary operation in a dry tank will damage the heating elements. Warranty
replacements WILL NOT be made on elements or tank damaged in this manner.
SINGLE SHORE POWER AC PANEL
NOTICE
Some dockside installations may be rated less than 30 amps, therefore, you may need to
purchase lower amp adapters. Whenever a lower amp adapter is used, however, there
will be a corresponding drop in supplied power from the dockside system.
• Single shore power 120V/60Hz, AC system feature one, 120V/30 amp, shore power receptacle.
• If your boat is equipped with an air conditioning system, a second (dual) 30 amp inlet has been installed. Dual
shore power inlets are labeled line 1 and line 2, which corresponds to the line 1 and line 2 master breakers on the
AC panel.
• The dual shore power system is designed so that each line is independent of the other except when the AC power
transfer switch is used.
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Connecting To Shore Power
SHORE POWER
INLET(S)
TYPICAL SHORE
POWER INLET
NOTE: SINGLE INLET STANDARD
DUAL INLETS WITH AIR CONDITIONER
(IF EQUIPPED)
DUAL SHORE POWER AC PANEL (IF EQUIPPED)
LINE 1
DOCKSIDE MASTER
VOLTMETER
SELECTOR SWITCH
VOLTMETER
LINE 1
POLARITY
LIGHT
LINE 2
TRANSFER
LINE 2
DOCKSIDE MASTER
LINE 2
POLARITY
LIGHT
10 AMPS
15 AMPS
20 AMPS
15 AMPS
5 AMPS
15 AMPS
25 AMPS
15 AMPS
FIGURE 1
1.
2.
3.
4.
Review all hazard information at the beginning of this section, Shore Power/120V/60Hz AC System.
Turn Off all breakers and switches on the AC master panel.
Attach the shore power cord to the boat inlet first then to the dockside outlet.
Monitor the AC panel’s polarity indicator lights, located below the line master breaker(s), as follows:
• A green light illuminating after the power cord is plugged into the dockside outlet indicates acceptable electrical power. You may turn On the master breaker switch.
• A red light, however, indicates reversed polarity, which could cause electrical system damage and possibly
electrical shock injuries. In this case, do not turn On the master breaker switch.
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5. Switch the "Line 1 Dockside Master" On.
6. If equipped with dual dockside, switch the "Line 2 Dockside Master" On.
7. Turn On the individual component breakers as required.
Line 2 Transfer Switch (Dual Shore Power)
NOTICE
• When using the "Line 2 Transfer Switch" do not exceed 30 total amps.
• The amperage of each component breaker is shown in figure 1, on the previous page.
• The voltage on each line can be read by setting the voltmeter selector switch.
When only one dockside outlet is available, you can use the "Line 2 Transfer Switch" to provide power to both lines.
1. Connect to shore power as described in steps 1 through 4 above.
2. Switch the "Line 2 Transfer Switch" On instead of the "Line 2 Dockside Master".
3. Turn On the individual component breakers as required.
Lighting
Navigation and Interior Lights
Read and understand the navigation light section of the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual. The navigation and
interior lights installed on your boat are of top quality, but that they may occasionally fail for a variety of reasons:
1.
2.
3.
4.
There may be a blown fuse - replace the fuse.
The bulb may be burned out - carry spare bulbs for replacement.
A wire may be damaged or may have come loose - repair as required.
The bulb base may be corroded - clean the base and coat it with non-conductive electrical lubricant.
!
CAUTION!
• Avoid the storage of gear where it would block navigation lights from view.
• Be conservative in the use of battery power. Prolonged operation of cabin interior lights
(overnight) will result in a drained battery.
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Appliances
All appliances installed on your boat come with their own manuals that contain instructions and important
safeguards. Thoroughly read and understand these manuals before using your boat’s appliances.
• Make sure the AC breaker is turned On for the appliance you wish to use.
NOTICE
Always keep an approved ABC-type fire extinguisher in galley area.
Alcohol/Electric Stove
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
• The alcohol stove is a source of dangerous carbon monoxide gas (CO).
• BEFORE using the alcohol stove, Open doors and windows to make sure
there is enough fresh air for ventilation.
!
•
•
•
•
•
WARNING!
BURN, SCALDING & FIRE HAZARD!
Read the stove’s instruction manual before using.
Do not use the stove while underway.
Any non-cooking devices on or near your stove during use are potential fire hazards!
Do not touch burners, grates or nearby surfaces as they may be hot even when they are dark
in color. Areas near burners and grates may become hot enough to cause burns.
During and after use, do not touch or let clothing or other flammable material come in
contact with heated units or areas near the units (burner tops, main frame sides and back,
sea rails and pot holders) until they have had enough time to cool.
!
CAUTION!
To prevent overheating which can destroy the electric burner elements, never attempt to use
both alcohol and electric burners at the same time.
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Microwave Oven (If Equipped)
Before attempting to use the microwave oven, make sure the breaker switch on the AC master panel is On.
120-Volt AC/12-Volt DC Refrigerator
Your boat features a 120-volt AC/12-volt DC refrigerator. The refrigerator runs on 12-volt DC power unless 120-volt
AC power is being supplied by the generator or shore power and the AC refrigerator breaker is On.
Audio Equipment
Instruction manuals for the audio equipment that may be installed on your boat, is included in your boat’s owner’s
packet. Read and understand these manuals.
NOTICE
AM radio reception may be impaired in areas where reception is limited or anytime the engine
is running.
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Propulsion
Engine
The owner’s packet contains detailed engine operation and maintenance manuals. Be sure to read and understand
these manuals before operating, or performing maintenance to, the engine.
Engine Access
The engine room can be accessed through the aft cockpit engine hatch.
Engine Room Ventilation System
BILGE BLOWER
SYSTEM
The bilge blower removes explosive fuel fumes from
the engine compartment. Fresh air is drawn into the
compartment through the deck vents. The bilge blower
switch is at the helm.
To make sure the engine compartment is ventilated with
fresh air, run the bilge blower:
• For at least four minutes before starting the engine.
• During starting.
• Anytime your boat is running below cruising speed.
ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
BLOWER HOSES
TO/FROM DECK
LOUVERS
AFT
!
•
•
•
•
BLOWER
WARNING!
FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
Use of the blower system is NOT A GUARANTEE that explosive fumes have been removed.
If you smell fuel, DO NOT start the engine and DO NOT turn On any electrical devices.
If you smell fuel and the engine is already running, shut Off the engine and tun Off all
electrical devices. Investigate immediately.
DO NOT obstruct or modify the ventilation system.
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Fuel System
!
WARNING!
FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
• It is very important that the fuel system be inspected thoroughly the first time it is
filled and at each subsequent filling. For your safety and the safety of your passengers, the fueling instructions in the Cruiser & Yacht Owner’s Manual must be
carefully followed.
!
CAUTION
Avoid the storage or handling of gear near the fuel lines, fittings and tank.
FUEL SYSTEM ROUTING
FUEL FILL LOCATION
AFT
FUEL FILL
DECK FITTING
FUEL TANK
VENT FITTING
ENGINE
ROOM
AFT
FUEL FEED
LINE
DECK FITTING
FUEL FILL
FUEL TANK
VENT FITTING
FUEL TANK
Fuel Fill and Vent
• The fuel fill fitting, marked “GAS”, is located on the starboard aft deck.
• The fuel tank vent is located below the fuel fill.
• If you experience difficulty filling the fuel tank, check to see if the fuel fill hose is kinked or collapsed.
• If there are no visible signs of a problem, contact your local dealer.
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Fuel Filters
• The fuel pickup tube (located inside the fuel tank) is equipped with a fine mesh screen filter.
• In addition, when supplied by the engine manufacturer, a fuel filter is installed on the engine.
• Periodically replace the fuel filters to make sure they remain clean and free of debris.
• Consult with your selling dealer or local marina concerning fuel additives that help to prevent fungus or other
buildup in your fuel tank.
Anti-siphon Valve
NOTICE
• If an engine running problem is diagnosed as fuel starvation, check the anti-siphon valve.
If the valve is stuck or clogged, change or replace it while the engine is shut down.
• NEVER run the engine with the anti-siphon valve removed, except in an emergency.
•
•
•
•
Your boat is equipped with an anti-siphon valve, which is an integral part of fuel system.
The valve is located at the point where the fuel feed line attaches to the fuel tank.
The valve is spring loaded and is opened by fuel pump vacuum.
This valve will prevent fuel from siphoning from the tank in the event of a fuel line rupture.
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Quick Oil Drain System
QUICK OIL DRAIN SYSTEM
TRANSOM
OIL DRAIN HOSE
OIL DRAIN PLUG
ENGINE OIL PAN
GARBOARD
DRAIN PLUG
DRAW
CORD
BILGE
GARBOARD
DRAIN
To drain the engine oil:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Remove the boat from the water.
Unscrew the garboard drain plug.
Pull the draw cord until the oil drain plug and the oil drain hose slide out of the garboard drain.
Place the end of the oil drain hose into a suitable container.
Unscrew the oil drain plug and drain the engine oil.
Replace the oil drain plug.
Push the drain hose back into the bilge.
Replace the garboard drain plug.
Always dispose of waste oil in accordance with local regulations.
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Controls
STEERING
CABLE
SHIFT/THROTTLE
CABLES
SHIFT/THROTTLE
LEVER
Power Trim and Tilt
The stern drive on your boat is equipped with power trim and tilt.
Trim and tilt instructions are provided in the engine operation manual and the shifter/throttle manual, included in
your owner’s packet.
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Trim Tabs
VIEW OF HELM
TRIM TAB
COMPONENTS
TRIM TAB SWITCH
TRANSOM
TRIM TAB
(TYPICAL)
!
WARNING!
LOSS OF CONTROL HAZARD!
Improper use of trim tabs will cause loss of control!
• Do not allow anyone unfamiliar with trim tabs to use them.
• Do not use trim tabs in a following sea as they will cause broaching or other unsafe handling
characteristics.
• Do not use trim tabs to compensate for excessive unequal weight distribution.
The trim tabs may be used to help keep your boat level at cruising speeds. The trim tabs are controlled by two rocker
switches at the helm. Before using the trim tabs read and understand the trim tab operation manual included in your
boat’s owner’s packet.
Observe the following:
• Once cruising speed is reached, the port or starboard trim switch may be used (one at a time) to level the boat.
• Perform trim tab adjustment with several short touches to the switch rather than one long one.
• After each short touch allow several seconds for the hull to react.
• The trim tab hydraulic fluid reservoir is located in the engine compartment. The fluid level must be checked
periodically (at least once a year) and refilled as necessary.
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Bilge Pumps
THE AFT BILGE PUMP IS LOCATED UNDER THE ENGINE
AFT
AFT BILGE PUMP
& FLOAT SWITCH
THE FORWARD BILGE PUMP IS LOCATED UNDER THE ENTRY STEPS
THRUHULL
FWD BILGE PUMP
& FLOAT SWITCH
Your boat is equipped with two automatic impeller-type bilge pumps which are used to pump water out of the bilge.
Bilge pumps are controlled by automatic bilge pump float switches (autofloat switches) and/or switches at the helm.
Bilge pumps are wired directly to the battery so they will normally function even when the boat is completely shut
down and left unattended.
NOTICE
Discharge of oil, oil waste or fuel into navigable waters is prohibited by law. Violators are
subject to legal action by the local authorities.
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Bilge Pump Testing
Bilge pumps are critical to the safety of your boat. Check the bilge pumps often to make sure they are working.
Individually test each pump as follows:
1. Turn On bilge pump switch at helm.
2. Make sure water in bilge is pumped overboard.
If there is water in the bilge and the pump motor is running but not
pumping inspect the discharge hose for a kink or collapsed area.
If no problems are found, check the bilge pump housing for clogging
debris as follows:
BILGE PUMP
COMPONENTS
1. Remove power cartridge:
a. Lift tab while rotating fins counter-clockwise.
b. Lift out power cartridge.
c. Clear outer housing of debris.
2. Reinstall power cartridge:
a. Make sure “O” ring is properly seated.
b. Coat “O” ring with a light film of vegetable or mineral oil.
c. Align two cams on either side of power cartridge with two
slots on outer housing and press power cartridge into housing
while twisting clockwise.
3. Check reinstallation by trying to twist fins counter-clockwise
without lifting tab; cartridge should stay in place.
TAB
“O” RING
FIN
OUTER
HOUSING
POWER
LIGHT
CARTRIDGE
FILM
CAM
OF OIL (TYPICAL)
SLOT (TYPICAL)
Autofloat Switches
Automatic bilge pumps use electromagnetic float (autofloat) switches to turn On the pump whenever water rises
above a preset level in the bilge. One autofloat switch is mounted next to each automatic bilge pump. Autofloat
switches are wired directly to the battery and will normally function even when the boat is completely shut down and
left unattended.
Test the autofloat switches often as follows:
FLOAT SWITCH TESTING
1. Push float switch test button up to turn
On bilge pump.
If the pump does not turn on, check the
inline fuse. If the fuse is good but the switch
does not work, it may indicate a bad switch
or possibly a low battery.
FLOAT SWITCH
TEST BUTTON
2. Push test button all the way down to
return the float switch to auto mode.
!
FLOAT UP - TEST MODE
FLOAT DOWN - AUTO MODE
BILGE PUMP SHOULD TURN ON
BILGE PUMP SHOULD TURN OFF
CAUTION!
When the test is completed on each float switch, you MUST push the test button all the way
down to the auto position to return the switch to auto mode!
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Freshwater Systems (If Equipped)
VIEW OF GALLEY
WATER TANK FILL
LOCATION
GALLEY
FAUCET
WATER TANK
FILL FITTING
PUMP
SWITCH
Your boat may feature a pressure-demand freshwater (potable) system. This system works when the water pump
switch in the galley is in the On position.
•
•
•
•
•
The water pump’s DC breaker must be turned On for the freshwater system to work.
Inspect and clean the water filter, located on the water pump, often.
The water tank is located in the engine room, on the port side.
The water tank fill fitting is located on the starboard deck.
Drain the freshwater system in winter months and when not in use to prevent damage and to keep stored water
from becoming stagnant and distasteful.
• If the freshwater system needs to be disinfected, ask your dealer about treatments available for your boat’s system.
Transom Shower
Your boat is equipped with a freshwater transom shower. It is located
inside the transom storage area (see illustration on the right). The water
pump switch must be turned On before using the transom shower. Be
sure to read the manufacturer’s instructions, provided in your boat’s
owner’s packet.
TRANSOM STORAGE AREA
PORT
TRANSOM
SHOWER
TRANSOM
STORAGE
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Water Heater (If Equipped)
!
WARNING!
HOT HAZARD!
Water heated by the water heater can reach temperatures hot enough to scald the skin.
!
CAUTION!
WATER HEATER DAMAGE HAZARDS!
• DO NOT energize the AC water heater electrical circuit until the heater is completely filled
with water. Even momentary operation in a dry tank will damage the heating elements.
Warranty replacements will not be made on elements or tank damaged in this manner.
The tank is full if water flows from the tap when the hot water is turned On in the galley.
• The water heater should be drained and the power turned Off when the possibility of
freezing exists.
• The water heater is located on the port side of the engine compartment.
• The water heater is connected to the AC power system, therefore, you must make sure that the water heater
breaker on the AC panel is turned On before water will be heated.
• Read the manufacturer’s instruction manual supplied in your boat’s owner’s packet and observe the
warnings above.
COLD WATER LINE ROUTING
FROM WATER TANK
WATER TANK
FILL FITTING
AFT BILGE HOT WATER LINE ROUTING
(COLD IS TYPICAL)
WATER TANK
VENT FITTING
PUSH TO RESET
CIRCUIT BREAKER
(UNDER METAL COVER)
WATER LINE
TO GALLEY
WATER
HEATER
WATER LINE
TO WATER
HEATER
FITTING FOR
COLD WATER
LINE
WATER
TANK
FITTING FOR
HOT WATER
LINE
WATER LINE
TO HEAD
WATER
HEATER
WATER LINE
TO HEAD
WATER LINE
TO TRANSOM
SHOWER
AFT
WATER
PUMP
FWD
WATER LINE
FROM TANK
WATER PUMP AND WATER
TANK ACCESS BELOW
MIDDLE ENTRY STEP
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Sink & Shower Drain Systems
Gray water (water from sinks and showers) above the waterline is gravity drained overboard, while gray water below
the waterline is pumped overboard using a sump pump.
D
C
B
A
E
A
The sump box (A, above), containing the shower sump pump, float switch, and filter is located under the middle
entry step (B).
Sump Box Cleaning
Periodically clean the sump box, filter, and pump as follows:
1. Remove the cover screws (C) and the cover (D).
2. Remove any debris from the box and the filter.
3. Clean the sump pump as outlined in the bilge pump section of this Supplement.
Sump System Winterization
Drain the sump pump system in the winter months when not in use.
1. Disconnect and drain all lines to the unit.
2. Remove the screws from the mounting feet (E) and drain the system.
3. Reinstall the screws in the mounting feet and reconnect the system.
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Seawater Systems
Seacocks
• A seacock is a valve that is used to manage the pickup of seawater through the hull and below the water line.
• Seacocks are controlled by a 90º lever and are used on the
seawater pickup systems for the air conditioning system and
marine head (toilet) system.
• Before using any of these systems, make sure that the system’s
seacock is Open and remains in the Open position until the
system is shut Off.
!
SEAWATER PICKUP VALVE (SEACOCK)
COMPONENTS (TYPICAL)
90 DEGREE
SEACOCK
LEVER
HULL
SECTION
SEACOCK (TYPICAL)
SEACOCK GASKET
PICKUP STRAINER
CAUTION!
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
• Before using a seawater pickup system, make sure that the system’s seacock is in the Open
position before the system is started and keep the seacock Open until the system is shut Off.
• Close seacocks whenever the systems will not be used for long periods of time
Seawater Strainers
Seawater strainers are used in water pick-up systems to filter incoming seawater. The typical layout is one strainer for
the marine head and one for the air conditioning system (if equipped).
Seawater strainers are located near the system’s seawater pickup valves (seacocks). Check for leaks and/or debris
every time you use your boat. If debris is found, clean the seawater strainer as follows:
1. Make sure the component/system that the strainer is connected to is turned Off.
2. Close the pickup seacock that sends seawater to the strainer you are about to clean. The seacock must remain
Closed until the strainer is completely reassembled.
3. Take apart the seawater strainer.
4. Remove debris.
5. Reassemble the seawater strainer.
6. Open the seacock before turning on the component or system.
!
CAUTION!
FLOODING HAZARD!
• The pickup seacock that sends seawater to the strainer must be closed before disassembling
the seawater strainer to prevent the boat from taking on water through the seawater
strainer assembly. Keep the pickup seacock closed until the seawater strainer is completely
reassembled.
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
• After reassembling the seawater strainer, make sure that the pickup seacock is Open before
using the component/system.
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Marine Head With Holding Tank
!
WARNING!
FLOODING HAZARD!
The marine head’s seawater pickup seacock must be Closed before getting underway. This
seacock must remain Closed while the boat is underway or whenever the boat is left moored
and unattended.
Your boat may be equipped with a marine head
(toilet) and waste holding tank system. Be sure
to read the manufacturer’s manual (included in
your boat’s owner’s packet)
• The marine head installed on your boat uses
seawater to flush waste from the toilet. The
seawater pickup valve (seacock) is located
under the entry steps in the cabin.
• Waste is routed directly from the head to the
holding tank.
• The holding tank is plumbed to a fitting on
the deck for dockside pump-out.
• You can determine the content level of the
holding tank by looking at the tank located
on the starboard side of the bilge. Empty the
holding tank at every opportunity.
MARINE HEAD SYSTEM
HEAD PICKUP LOCATED
BELOW MIDDLE ENTRY STEP
MARINE
HEAD
HOSE TO
MARINE
HEAD
MARINE
HEAD
PICKUP
HOLDING
TANK
AFT
Using The Marine Head
HOSE TO
MARINE
HEAD
HOLDING
TANK VENT
1. Open the marine head’s seawater pickup
valve (seacock).
2. Before using the head, pump enough water
into the bowl to wet the sides.
3. After use, pump the head until the bowl
is clean.
• If excess waste causes the water to rise in the
bowl, stop pumping until the water recedes.
4. After the bowl is clean, pump a few more times to clean the lines.
HOSE TO
HOLDING
TANK VENT
WASTE PUMP
OUT FITTING
If the seacock is Open, but you are unable to pump water into the bowl, the probable cause is debris in the pump
diaphragm. To remedy this:
1. Shut Off the seawater pickup valve (seacock).
2. Dismantle the pump. The pump is generally held together with six screws (the design is simple and the problem
will be obvious when the pump body is split Open).
3. Reassemble the pump.
4. Open the seacock.
Winterizing The Head
1.
2.
3.
•
Shut Off the seawater pickup seacock.
Pump the head until the bowl is dry.
Remove the drain plug in the base and pump again to remove all of the water.
Do not fill the bowl with anti-freeze.
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Chapter 2: Features / Systems
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Macerator (If Equipped)
MACERATOR SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
To use the macerator to pump waste directly into the water
(where regulations permit):
FWD
1. Open the underwater discharge seacock located in the
engine compartment on the starboard transom.
2. Press both macerator switches at the same time to run
the pump.
3. Close the underwater discharge seacock when you are
done pumping.
OVERBOARD
DISCHARGE
SEACOCK
FROM TANK TO
MACERATOR
MACERATOR
NOTICE
Check with local authorities for regulations regarding the legal use of marine head systems.
38
HOLDING
TANK
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 2: Features / Systems
Air Conditioning System (If Equipped)
!
DANGER!
CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING HAZARD!
Dangerous carbon monoxide gas (CO) can be brought into the yacht through
the air conditioning system.
!
CAUTION!
SYSTEM DAMAGE HAZARD!
The air conditioning system’s seacock must be Opened before turning on the air conditioner
and must remain Open during operation.
VIEW OF FORWARD BERTH BUNK TOP
VIEW OF PORT SIDE OF BILGE
AIR CONDITIONER
PICKUP
HOSE TO AIR
CONDITIONER
AIR CONDITIONER
WATER PUMP
AIR CONDITIONER
CONTROLS
AIR CONDITIONER
OVERFLOW
AIR CONDITIONER
SEAWATER STRAINER
AIR CONDITIONER
OVERBOARD
SUMP
PUMP
AIR CONDITIONER
SEAWATER PICKUP
AFT
FROM
PICKUP
AIR
CONDITIONER
UNIT
Your boat may be equipped with an air conditioning system. Read the air conditioner manual, included in your
owner’s packet, before using the air conditioning system.
• Before using the air conditioning system, make sure the breakers on the AC main distribution panel are turned On
and make sure the system’s seawater pickup seacock is Open The seacock must remain Open anytime the air
conditioner is in use.
• The seawater pickup strainer should be checked for debris according to the directions given in the Seawater
Strainer section of this Supplement.
39
Chapter 2: Features / Systems
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Canvas Top (If Equipped)
!
CAUTION!
Take down and securely stow the convertible top, side curtains and back cover before
transporting your boat by road.
G
E
D
I
K
K
B
F
H
J
C
K
A
D
C
1. Slide the swivel ends (A) of the main bow (B) over the side windshield frames (C) and insert the pins (D).
2. Unfold the canvas top (E) and slide the swivel ends of the forward legs (F) over the windshield frames and insert
the pins.
3. Slide the eye ends (G) of the aft legs (H) into the deck hinges (I) on the radar wing (J) and insert the pins
4. No adjustments to the bow jaw slides (K) should need to be made as they are preset during manufacturing.
Before attempting to adjust the jawslide positions, obtain the correct measurements from your selling dealer
40
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 3: Electrical Routings
Hull Wire Harness Routings
BONDING
BUSS BAR
TRIM
TAB PUMP
ENGINE
HARNESS
AIR CONDITIONER WATER
PUMP (IF EQUIPPED)
GROUND
BUSS BAR
BLOWER
BATTERY CHARGER
DC PANEL
IN GALLEY
FUEL TANK
SENDER
TO
SWITCH
PANEL
MACERATOR
AFT
BILGE
PUMP
FORWARD
BILGE
PUMP
SHOWER
SUMP PUMP
REFRIGERATOR
AIR CONDITIONER
& SUMP PUMP
(IF EQUIPPED)
NOT USED
TO DASH
HARNESS
IN DECK
41
Chapter 3: Electrical Routings
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Deck Wire Harness Routings
NOTE: VIEWS ARE UNDERSIDE OF DECKS
TO AFT DECK
DASH
OVERHEAD
LIGHT
WIPER
STEP LIGHT
OVERHEAD
LIGHTS
TO GALLEY
LIGHTS
LIGHT SWITCH
COMPASS
FORWARD DECK
OVERHEAD
LIGHT
OVERHEAD
LIGHT
NAVIGATION
LIGHTS
RADAR WING PLUG
AFT DECK
STARBOARD
COURTESY LIGHT
OVERHEAD
LIGHTS
AFT
PORT
COURTESY LIGHT
42
SIDE PANEL & SHIFTER PLUG
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 3: Electrical Routings
Battery Cable Routings
POSITIVE BATTERY CABLE ROUTINGS
BATTERY SWITCH
IN TRANSOM STORAGE
STARTER
SOLENOID
ON ENGINE
JUMPER
CABLE
POSITIVE
CABLES
BATTERIES
AFT
NEGATIVE BATTERY CABLE ROUTINGS
GROUND
BUSS BAR
ENGINE
GROUND
BATTERIES
NEGATIVE
JUMPER
CABLE
AFT
43
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 4: Wiring Diagrams
AC Electrical System, Single Dockside
44
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 4: Wiring Diagrams
AC Electrical System, Dual Dockside
45
Chapter 4: Wiring Diagrams
Gas Engine Electrical System
46
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Chapter 4: Wiring Diagrams
Diesel Engine Electrical System
47
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Important Records
Selling Dealer
Key Numbers
Name Of Dealership
Ignition
Other
Address
Electronics
Phone/FAX/E-mail
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Sales Manager
Serial Number
Service Manager
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Engine
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Engine Serial Number
Oil Type/SAE
Quarts per Engine
Manufacturer
Filter Type
Propeller
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Model Name/Number
Serial Number
Manufacturer
Pitch
Model Number
48
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Float Plan
Before going boating, fill out a copy of this float plan (or similar) and leave it with a reliable person whom you can
depend on to contact the Coast Guard or other rescue organization, if you do not return as scheduled.
Description of Boat
Persons on Board
Registration/Documentation Number
Length
Make
Hull Color
Full Name
Type
Age
Health
Phone Number
Trim Color
Full Name
Fuel Capacity
Engine Type
Number of Engines
Age
Health
Phone Number
Distinguishing Features
Full Name
Distinguishing Features
Age
Health
Phone Number
Operator of Boat
Full Name
Full Name
Age
Male or Female
Age
Health
Phone Number
Health
Full Name
Address
Age
Health
Phone Number
Address
Full Name
Phone/FAX/E-mail
Operator’s Experience
Age
Health
Phone Number
49
Float Plan
285 • Owner’s Manual Supplement
Survival Equipment
Trip Expectations
Marine Radio (Yes/No)
Type
Frequencies
Number of PFDs
Flares (Yes/No)
Mirror (yes or no)
Flashlight (Yes/No)
Food (Yes/No)
Smoke Signals (Yes/No)
Departing From
Departure Date
Departure Time
Stopover 1
Water (Yes/No)
Anchor (Yes/No)
Raft/Dinghy (Yes/No)
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Paddles (Yes/No)
EPIRB (Yes/No)
Other
Other
Other
Other
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 2
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Vehicle Description
Stopover 3
Make
Model
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Color
Arrive No Later Than: Time
License Number
Stopover 4
Where is the Vehicle Parked?
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 5
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Stopover 6
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
Final Destination Port (If Different Than Home Port)
Arrive No Later Than: Date
Arrive No Later Than: Time
If not returned by the date and time listed above, call
the Coast Guard or other local authority.
Coast Guard Phone Number
Local Authority Phone Number
50
Owner’s Notes
Owner’s Notes
Part Number 1700674
Bayliner • P.O. Box 9029 • Everett, WA 98206 • 360-435-5571
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