December 1943
Designed to teach how to fight and kill without firearms. Since the course
includes the use of the knife, "close combat" is not strictly correct. "Silent
Killing" is a more appropriate description.
Time available to students is limited. It is essential, therefore, to confine the
teaching to what is simple, easily learned and deadly. With that object, all holds,
throws, etc., that do not merit this description have been rigorously excluded. The
syllabus which follows must now be regarded as standard and instructors,
therefore, will please not deviate from it in any way whatever. It is plainly
undesirable that students should be taught one method in ode place and another
method somewhere else.
The syllabus includes various suggestions by instructors themselves. Further
suggestions, if they constitute improvements, will be welcomed. Such suggestions
must be put forward through the proper channels and must not he taught to
students until sanction has been received.
Dummies are essential. Six should be provided, slung irregularly in a space
approximately 10 or 12 feet square. In addition, each instructor must make a straw
—filled dummy far practice with the knife.
Other Equipment. German steel helmets are available and each instructor should
have one, for practice in sentry attacks. Dummy knives are useful but cure should
1i6 taken that they are of some material which will mt caus& injury. Wood, for
that reason, is not permissible. Rubber is unobtainable. The most practical
solution appears to be short lengths of suitably thick rope.
Kit. etc. Ordinary P.T. kit is best though, at suitable intervals, students should
practice in the kit that they are most likely to won in the field. Students should not
always be paired off in equal sizes. Sometimes, small men should be paired with
big men.
Then commencing the course with a class of untrained students, the instructor
should make a short introduction, not necessarily in the same words but to the
sane effect as the following:
"This system of combat is designed for use when you have lost your
firearms, which is something you should not do, or when the use of
firearms is undesirable for fear of raising an alarm.
At some time or other, must of you, probably, have been taught at least the
rudiments of boxing, under the Queensbury rules. That training was useful
because it taught you to think and move quickly and how to hit hard. The
Queensbury rules enumerate under the heading of "fouls", some good
targets which the boxer is not trained to defend.
This, however, is not sport. Your aim is to kill your opponent as quickly
as possible. A prisoner is generally a handicap and a source of danger,
particularly if you are without weapons. So forget the Queensbury rules;
forget the tern "foul methods". That nay sound cruel but it is still more
cruel to take longer than necessary to kill your opponent. "Foul methods"
so—called, help you to kill quickly. Attack your opponent's weakest
points, therefore. He will attack yours if he gets a chance.
There have been many famous boxers and wrestlers who time after time
have won their contests with their favorite blows or holds. The reason is
that they had so perfected those particular blows arid holds that few could
withstand them. The same applies to you. If you will take the trouble to
perfect one method of attack, you will be far more formidable than if you
only become fairly good at all the methods which you will to shown.
Since this course of instruction is meant to teach you to kill, it will be
plain to you that its methods are dangerous. Your object here is to learn
how to kill but it is quite unnecessary to kill or damage your sparring
partner, you will get no credit if you do. In learning and practicing,
therefore, you will avoid taking any risks of that kind. You must never
disregard the submission signal - two taps on your opponent's body or on
your own, or on the floor. It is the signal to stop instantly and that is a rule
which must never be broken."
The syllabus is divided into six progressive sections. This arrangement is to be
regarded, however, as elastic. Depending on such considerations as time
available, progress made by students or their standard of knowledge, there is no
reason, for example, why two or are sections should not be amalgamated.
One of the primary objects of the instructor is to make his students attack-minded,
and dangerously so. No effort should be spared to realize this object, which
should be regarded as one of the instructor's chief responsibilities. No instructor
should be satisfied unless his students become thoroughly proficient in the
performance of the few simple things enumerated in the syllabus. Dull as it may
become, constant repetition is the only road to proficiency and constant repetition
there must be, no matter how much students may complain of boredom. Their
business is to learn, at any cost. fly proficiency is meant the ability to execute all
the requirements of the syllabus swiftly, effectively and neatly, without having to
stop to think.
The Syllabus
Blows with the side of the hand. Explain that the most deadly blows without the aid of
weapons are those with the side of the hand. To deliver them effectively the fingers must
be together, thumb up, anti the whole hand tensed. The blow is struck with the side of the
hand, all the force being concentrated in one small area, i.e. approximately half-way
between thy base of the little finger and the wrist joint, or where the hand is broadcast. If
striking Sideways, the back of the hand must be uppermost. No force can be obtained if
the palm is uppermost.
Explain that with these blows, it is possible to kill, temporarily paralyze, break bones or
badly hurt, depending upon the part of the body that is struck. The effect of these blows is
obtained by the speed with which they are delivered rather than by the weight behind
them. They can be made from almost any position, whether the striker is on balance or
not, and thus can be delivered more quickly than any other blow.
Having explained the blows, the instructor should demonstrate then on the dummies and
get the students to practice after him. His main point here is to bring out the speed of the
blow, and to see that students deliver them correctly.
Students should now be shown where to strike, as follows, explaining the effect on each
Particular point:
On the back of the neck, immediately on either side of the spine.
From the bridge of the nose to the base of the throat.
On either side of the head and throat, from base of the throat to the temple area.
On the upper arm.
On the fore arm.
The kidney region.
Students should practice on the dummied again, keeping in mind the vulnerable points
listed above. Strike with either hand.
Other Blows.
How to kick. As a general rule, kick with the side of the foot and, unless you possess
unusually good root work and balance, don't kick above knee height. Never kick too
foremost unless your opponent has both hands occupied. In that case, it is safe to kick to
the fork. Once an opponent is down, kill by kicking the side or back of the head (not the
top of the head).
The boxing blows.
The open-hand chin jab, fingers held back and apart ready to follow up to the eyes.
Utilize the occasion to obtain some improvement in feet-work, explaining that the body
must be properly positioned in order to obtain telling effect from either boxing blows or
the open—hand chin Jab. Explain, too, that neither can secure more than a knock—out,
which should be followed up instantly by a killing attack.
Use of the Knee , often in simultaneous combination with other attacks (e.g. with the
chin-jab). Show how, while being used for attack, it is an excellent guard for oneself.
Use of the head and elbows, for attack when the opponent is not in position for more
effective blows.
Finger-tip jabs, to solar plexus, base of throat, or eyes, when nothing more effective can
be done.
All the blows listed should be practiced now on the dummies.
Conclude this section by telling students, as emphatically as possible:
That they should never go to the ground if they can help it. If they have to, they
should get up again as soon as they can. While a man is killing his opponent on
the ground, the Opponent's friends could walk up and kick his brains out. Again,
while on the ground, it is difficult to go on attacking.
That if their knowledge of the subject is confined to the contents of Sections 1 and
2, they will have made themselves extremely dangerous, even to highly trained
adversaries, if only they will attack first and keep on attacking. Don't stop just
because an opponent is crippled. If you have broken his arm, for instance, that is
only of value because it is then easier to kill.
Releases from holds.
Explain first that, in general nobody should be so slow in wits or body as to allow
someone else to get a hold on him. In case of misfortune, however, show how to effect
release from:
A wrist hold, taken with one hand.
A wrist hold, taken with two hands.
A throat hold, taken with one hand.
A throat hold, taken with two hands.
Show here how, instead of the customary wrist and elbow release or one of its variants, it
is far simpler, quicker and more effective to attack, e.g. knee to the fork and fingers to the
eyes, Simultaneously.
A body field, from front or rear, arms free and arms pinioned.
Police or "come-along" holds.
The whole idea of releasing yourself from a hold is to enable you to attack and kill your
adversary. whenever Possible, the disengaging movement should form the
commencement of an attack. In any case, there must be an effective and instant
follow-up attack after every release. The instructor should demonstrate most carefully
every detail to do with this Section and then insist on students practicing until not only
the mode of release but the subsequent attack becomes a matter of instinct, to be carried
out at lightning speed. The instructor should emphasize the importance of footwork, and,
where necessary, try to improve it.
Crowd Fighting.
One cannot always choose when one will fight and it may sometimes happen that one is
faced with several opponents at once. On such occasions, unarmed yourself, your object
is not so much to kill your opponents as to get quickly away from them so that you do not
get killed. Pride is expensive if it entails defeat and death.
To escape from circumstances like these, a special technique is necessary.
For this technique, balance is essential and the instructor should now demonstrate how to
keep on balance when swift movement is necessary in kicking while standing on one
foot. Students can be paired off and, standing on one foot, arms folded, they should try to
kick each other off balance whilst maintaining their own balance.
Once this is mastered, it should be explained that, surrounded by a crowd, your only
chance of escape lies in continual movement. This is so because, after you have taken up
a new position it requires a second for on opponent to turn and balance before he is able
to strike you with any force. If one moves at least three feet in each second, there is
obviously little chance of an opponent scoring an effective hit on you. At the same tine,
by the use of the blows previously learned, you will be able to do considerable damage
while you are moving.
In addition to forward, backward and lateral movement, move also at
different levels; sometimes with the knees very much bent. It
all-helps, if done at speed, to bewilder your adversaries.
Of necessity, there will be little room for movement, so make room
by moving against one opponent after another, attacking as you do
so. Point out the value of the balance and foot work in which the
students should have been practiced at the beginning of this
The information contained in the two above notes should suffice to prepare students for
the actual practice, which is now outlined.
Six dummies should be suspended as indicated in the preface. One student at a time
should enter the ring and, with all the speed of which he is capable, should then attack the
dummies at random, using every kind of blow with hand, foot, knee, elbow and head,
from any position.
The practice is very exhausting end it is difficult to keep it up for more than half a
The instructor must watch carefully for faults so that he can give advice afterwards.
Before the student tires he should be told to leave the ring and he will do so at speed,
exactly as if he were actually making an escape.
To derive the maximum benefit from this exercise it should first be done both by the
instructor and the student in slow time, paying careful attention to footwork.
It should then be followed by many short periods in the ring and only an occasional
longer one. It must always be remembered that the aim is to get out of the place and not
to fight any longer than necessary.
Knife Fighting.
The knife is a silent and deadly weapon that is easily concealed and against which in the
hands of an expert, there is sure defense, except fire-arms or by running like hell.
Students should be taught how to hold a knife, how to pass it from one hand to another, to
thrust and how to use the disengaged hand to feint and parry. It is unnecessary to be
ambidextrous to be able to use the knife with either hand.
Show the vulnerable points, emphasizing that the abdominal region is the principal target.
Show how to take an opening for a thrust in that region, e.g., by slashing across face,
hands, wrist and fore—arms, by flinging gravel, a stone, a hat, a handkerchief, etc., in the
opponents face.
Explain the value of a really sharp point and edge, the latter, particularly with a
double-edged knife, being as much to prevent the knife from being seized as for
Show the ham-string slash at the back of the knee.
Make students now practice thrusts at the- straw-filled dummy.
For special needs and occasions:
Killing a sentry, if you are armed with a knife.
Attack from the rear. With left forearm, strike violently on left side of opponent's
neck and instantly transfer the left hand to cover his mouth and nostrils.
Simultaneously with the blow on the neck, thrust the knife (held in the right hand)
into his kidneys. If equipment interferes with the kidney thrust, bring the hand
round to the front and thrust into the abdomen. Note that once the left hand covers
mouth and nostrils, the adversary is dragged backwards and downwards.
Killing a sentry, if you are un-armed
Attack from the rear. With right fore—arm, strike violently on right side of
adversary's neck. Go immediately into the head-hold and take him down on to
your thigh. Keeping the hold properly (i.e., right hand open and tensed, forearm
between adversary's jaw and temple, left hand grasping right wrist so as to apply
pressure, lifting up and twisting adversary's head), sit down instantly with legs
stretched out in front of you. Instructors will see to it that their students, when
practicing with each ether, don't sit down while keeping the hold. With a little
ingenuity, it should be possible to adapt one of the dummies for practice. All that
is necessary is to sling the dummy on a pulley. The instructor could release the
cord and so allow the student to take the dummy to the ground.
Needless to say, extreme speed is necessary for both methods of killing a sentry
and both methods should be practiced equally on right end left-hand sides.
Spinal Dislocator, opponent sitting or at a much lower level
Approach from rear. Left hand under chin, drag opponent's head back completely
under your right arm-pit. Drop your left hand on his left shoulder and passing
your right arm across the back of his neck, grip your left wrist from above. The
finishing touch is a quick snap upwards and backwards. A very dangerous hold
and requires great care -in practicing.
Disarming if held up with a pistol.
Explain first that only a fool would hold you up with his pistol within reach of
your hands. Nevertheless, it is plainly evident that there are still a lot of such
fools about and if you did not know how to deal with them it would be you who
would feel a fool.
From the front:
Method A. Hands up, well above your head and wide apart. Don’t look at the
pistol. Bring your right hand down smartly to his wrist, gripping it firmly with
your thumb, preferably above. Accompany the movement by a half turn to your
left. Simultaneously, your left hand grips the pistol barrel from underneath and
presses the pistol backwards. Note that while the pistol is being pressed
backwards, its barrel should be parallel with the ground. This will break your
opponent’s trigger finger and give you possession of the pistol. Turning halfright, attack, with foot or knee to the fork, open-hand, chin-jab, butt with the top
of your head or do anything calculated to know your opponent out. Each
movement has been described separately but, in actual practice, the several
movements should be performed so quickly that they appear to be almost one.
Method B. Hands up, well above your head and wide apart. Don’t look at the
pistol. Bring you left hand down smartly on to his wrist, gripping it firmly with
your thumb, preferably above. Accompany the movement by a half turn to your
right. Simultaneously your right hand grips the pistol barrel from underneath and
presses the pistol upwards backwards and over. His is practically the equivalent
of the ordinary wrist throw and will give you possession of the pistol. Turning
half left, attack with foot or knee to the fork, open-hand chin-jab, butt with the top
of the head, or do anything calculated to know your opponent out. Each
movement has been described in detail, but, in actual practice, the several
movements should be performed so quickly that they appear to be almost one.
From the rear;
Method A. Hands up,, well above your head and wide apart. Make up your mind
which way you will turn. If to the left, look over your left shoulder, to make sure
that it is the pistol which is touching your back. At the same time as you look
over your shoulder, turn your right foot inwards. When you are ready to move,
turn right round to the left, at the same time bringing your left arm down in a
circular sweep over your opponent’s pistol arm, continuing the sweeping motion
until your opponent’s arm is locked firmly under your left armpit.
Simultaneously with your turning round, your right hand comes into position for a
chin-jab or punch to the jaw and your right knee comes up to your opponent’s
fork. Finish the matter by turning smartly to your right, reinforcing the movement
with your right hand on the elbow of the arm which is still locked under your left
armpit. This movement, if continued, will bring him across you, in position, for
either a smash to his face with your right knee or a side of the hand blow, with
your right hand, on the back of his neck. All to be done with lightning speed.
Method B. Hands up, well above your head and wide apart. Look over your right
shoulder, turning your left foot inwards as you do so. Turn right round, to your
right, locking your opponent’s pistol arm, as described above, but under your
right armpit. Meanwhile your left arm is coming round for a side of the hand
blow across his throat or face. You are also in position to use your knee. Finish
as described above, by turning to your right, etc.
Disarming a man holding someone else up. If holding the pistol in his right hand,
smash down with your left hand on his forearm at the elbow joint, simultaneously
seizing the pistol from underneath with tour right hand. Turn rapidly to your left
until you are face to face with him, pressing the pistol upwards, towards him and
finally to the left. Use your knee and butt with your head.
Students should become more proficient in all these five methods of disarming.
Searching a prisoner, if you are armed.
Kill him first. If that is inconvenient, make him lie face to the ground, hands out
in front of him. Knock him out, with rifle butt, side or butt of the pistol, or with
your boot. Then search him.
Taking a prisoner away, if you are armed with a rifle or other firearms.
Get someone to cut the prisoner’s belt or braces, or make him do so himself.
March him away, one of his hands above his head, the other holding up his
Securing a prisoner for some time.
Using 15 feet of cord and any effective knot, show the conventional method, i.e.,
knock him out, place him face down on the ground, tie his hands behind his back,
lead the cord round his throat, back to his wrist. Students should be told not to
forget to take the cord with them.
Having shown how to tie him up, show how to gag a prisoner. Almost anything
will do to stuff in his mouth - turf, cloth, a forage cap, etc. For something to tie
over his mouth; strips can be torn from the prisoner’s clothing. If it useful if
instructors will let students, once or twice during the course, go through the whole
process of tying up and gagging, having handy some cord and strips of cloth for
the purpose. It is not enough for students to be told how to do it; they must do it
Defense against a downward or side-wise blow
Presuming that you are utterly unable to get hold of any kind of weapon, no
matter how crude, employ one of the following methods:
a) Side-step and attack
b) Perry with the opposite fore-arm and attack
Students should know, at this stage of the training, how best to attack.
Various Holds. Throws, etc.
(not to be taught)
This is a selection of holds, blows, throws, attacks, etc., which are known to every
instructor. Sooner or later, some of the most knowing students are sure to ask the
instructor if he knows this, that or the other hold, etc., and if so, why it is not taught. This
list is intended to provided answers to such questions.
If obliged by such questions to show some of these holds, etc., the instructor should:
Demonstrate the objections.
Demonstrate the appropriate releases or counters.
Warn students that against a trained adversary, many of these holds, etc., would
be difficult, risky or impossible to apply.
Warn students of the unwisdom of assuming that their adversaries in this war will
be untrained men. If students have mastered the far simpler and quicker methods
of the syllabus, all the holds, etc., in the following list are entirely unnecessary.
The (unarmed) defenses against a rifle and bayonet are possibly the only
Holds designed to keep a man captive or to take him away as a prisoner.
Point out that the man who attempts to use them for any purpose other then as a
means to finish off an opponent should realize that he is running a considerable
risk, a risk that is only justified if he has first crippled his opponent or if possesses
a marked and obvious superiority in physique or knowledge.
------Defense against a rifle and bayonet
Show particularly the one which consists of parrying the rifle or bayonet away to your
left, using your right hand and making a simultaneous half left turn, stepping in
immediately to your opponent’s left-hand side and attacking at speed with hand, foot or
both. Disregard the rifle once you are past the bayonet point.
Explain that all the defense against a bayonet are apt to be extremely effective if you,
unarmed, are exceptionally quick and if your opponent doesn’t know his job.
Bent-arm hold, as a defense against a downward blow
Why waste time? You have got a parry, in any case, so parry with one fore-arm and
attack simultaneously with the knee and disengaged hand (chin-jab or punch to the jaw).
Wrist and elbow hold, usually employed as a defense against a throat hold
Why bother? Attack instead, knee to the fork, fingers to the eyes.
Thumb and elbow hold
Difficult to apply unless your opponent has lost his senses. Show how to escape it.
Head hold
Excellent for dealing with a sentry if carried instantly to its full conclusion. Don’t use it
merely as a hold, however, for it gives your opponent an opportunity for a crotch throw
that can finish you.
Arm and neck hold
Effective but with a quick opponent you are most unlikely to get it.
Japanese strangle
When the hand is in the correct position, i.e., almost on top of the head, you cannot
prevent your opponent, if he is quick, from dragging your hand away. If the hand is held
lower down, where it cannot be seized and dragged away, you are apt to lose the
necessary leverage and the hold becomes ineffective. Also, again if your opponent is
quick, he can sink with his full weight and the hold cannot be applied. It can only be
applied if secured and taken to its conclusion with extreme speed. A steel helmet would
probably make it very difficult to secure the hold.
Only effective if delivered in exactly the right spot and if there is no equipment in the
way. Why not use one of the other methods of attack?
Useless as a means of keeping a man prisoner. It needs two men to apply it and if the
prisoner does not escape (some men can), he may die before very long. If you want to
kill him, do so, but don’t torture him. If you want to keep him prisoner, tie him up.
Match-box blow
Good, but you don’t always have a match-box at the critical moment. Why not use the
elbow, followed immediately by a chin-jab, side of the hand blow, or punch to the jaw?
Baton and spring cosh
Open to the objection common to all forms of attack with the raised arm, in that they
leave the attacker wide open. Directly the arm goes up (or sooner), step in close and use
your knife. If you have no knife, step in closer and use chin-jab or punch, and the knee.
If you yourself use a spring cosh and you miss your blow with the extreme and of the
weapon, it is doubtful if they are worth the trouble.
Safety-razor blade, or blades, in cap peak
May be shown, in order that students may know what to expect, but the use fo this device
is not to be encouraged.
All the following, good as some of them are, are open to the objection that while
attempting to apply them, you make yourself vulnerable to attack. Also if you are in a
position to apply them, you are equally in a position to make a killing attack on your
opponent. Why not do so?
Handcuff hold
Handcuff hold for smaller opponent
Wrist and neck attack
Police or “come-along” holds
Flying mare and variations
Hipe or hip throw
Wrist throw
Japanese ankle throw
Cross buttock
Gagging a Prisoner (see page 8)
The following method should be used:
a) Apply the gag - turf, cloth, handkerchief, forage cap, etc. in the prisoner’s mouth.
b) Similar to the First Aid method of bandaging a broken jaw, place the center of a piece
of cloth over the mouth and round the chin and tie at the back of the head as shown in the
c) Apply the center of a second piece of cloth under the jaw, carry it in front of the ears
and tie on top of the head.
Close Combat
1st Period
(Introduce to C.C.
(Object and Explanation of system)
(Slow with the side of the hand.
(Practice with dummies.
2nd Period:
Other Blows
How to kick
Boxing blows
The open hand chin jab
The use of the knee
Use of head and elbows
Fingertips jabs
3rd Period
Release from Holds
Throat - With one or both hands
Body holds
Having released, show subsequent attack
4th Period
Crowd Fighting
Practice with dummies
“Mad” ½ minute
5th Period
Knife Fighting
Practice with dummy
6th Period
Special Occasions
Killing a sentry
If you are armed with a knife
If unarmed
Spinal Dislocator
NOTE: This last exercise requires great care when practicing
Method A
Method B
Searching a prisoner
Taking a prisoner away
Securing a prisoner
Defense against downwards or sideways blow
Gagging a prisoner
Attacking a Sentry
Under “Killing a Sentry, with a knife or with hands alone” (Section 6 Page 6), the
methods there described are designed exclusively for use by one man acting entirely on
his own. Those methods remain in force and will continue to be taught but it is necessary
now to go further, and to teach methods of attack by two men acting as a team, providing
therapy for conditions where this is possible and preferable.
In making this addition to the training, two distinct sets of circumstances are envisaged:
Merely to disarm, knock out, tie up, gag and, if necessary, remove a sentry out of
reach of immediate discovery. It is extremely unlikely that one man alone could
accomplish all this. That is why the Syllabus confines itself in this regard to the
simpler task of killing.
To disarm, kill and, if necessary, remove a sentry out of reach of immediate
discovery. It is thought that one man alone could accomplish all this. That is why
the Syllabus confines itself in this regard to the simpler task of killing.
Essentials of both a) and b) are:
Extreme speed,
The utmost silence.
The first essential implies a complete understanding between the two attacker as to the
part which each will play; the second refers particularly to the avoidance of noise from a
dropped rifle or from the sentry’s nailed boots on a stone pavement, gravel or hard
For the practice of the following methods, the student who acts as sentry will have on
nailed boots, wear a German steel helmet and carry a rifle. The attacker will wear rubber
shoes. The practice will be carried out on a stone pavement, a gravel path or on hard
a) When the object is not to kill
The “sentry” equipped as above, will take up his position, rifle slung over his right
shoulder. The attacking team, having aggroed upon their respective parts, will make the
customary “stalk” approach, one immediately behind the other. The leading man will
attack the sentry from the rear, using the fore-arm blow on the side of the neck and
simultaneously kidney punch (left forearm and right first respectively). Instantly, his left
hand is transferred to cover the sentry’s mouth and nostrils. Using his right arm to help,
he now commences to drag the sentry backwards and downwards. The second attacker’s
job, working as nearly simultaneously as possible with the first attacker, is to secure the
rifle, administer a knock-out blow (chin-jab, punch to the jaw, or solar plexus) and help
to lower the sentry to the ground quietly. Once on the ground, the sentry is turned over
on his face, the first attacker, kneeling astride of the sentry, knees well under the latter’s
armpits, proceeds with the tying up. The second attacker, working opposite the first, can
proceed with the gagging process. Once bound and gagged, the sentry is to be carried
away a few yards, as if to put him out of reach of immediate observation of others.
It is not possible for every Instructor to be a tried Gunman. But it is.
possible to teach the Pistol successfully by acquiring a thorough
knowledge of the principles involved and applying them in a practical
way. The principles are based on natural body movements not unique to
gun fighting and for that reason the instruction is simple, providing the
imagination is used to the fullest extent to visualise the circumstances of
Gun-fighting, to provide a background. -. Particular attention must be paid
to instinctive body movements combined with the speed upon which
depends survival.
A large percentage of students have had previous Revolver Training in the old style. It is not
advisable to state bluntly that the old method is no ‘good! as it is possible that some of them have
achieved considerable success using the pistol as a defensive weapon or in competition shooting.
It ‘is better to give a proper Introduction in which you paint a picture of the circumstances under
which they might be using the pistol and to show them quite clearly that the method you propose
to teach them is the only method of firing under these circumstances.
It shows a healthy interest in the subject if students are continually asking questions. Invariably
the Instructor can give a satisfactory answer if he asks himself the question:
"What would be the natural thing to do?".
With, the time and ammunition available-' the aim is to turn out good, fast, plain shots. Time
spent teaching fancy or trick shooting is not justified.
As with every sport, providing the principles taught are sound, practice makes perfect. Every
endeavor should be made to build up the enthusiasm so that practice is carried out voluntarily.
Dummy practice in front of a mirror is particularly beneficial and should be encouraged.
-----------Instruction in firing the Machine Carbines follows exactly the principles of Pistol Instruction, i.e.
Tremendous speed in attack with sufficient accuracy to hit the vital part of a man's body. The
conditions are the same,. i.e. Killing at close quarters, demanding aggression and extreme
The principle of firing and manipulation of the weapon is different inasmuch as you are dealing
with a two handed weapon having a larger magazine' capacity end capable of full automatic fire.
Automatic fire is of no use unless it is controlled. In the excitement and stress of close combat
fighting it is difficult to fire from "Full Automatic" with complete
control and therefore it is better to fire always from "single". With practice, shots are fired very
fast and with accuracy in the same way as with the pistol.
The most accurate position for firing a two handed weapon is from the shoulder because the gun
is in line with the eyes and you have natural control of your direction. The vital factor which
governs the position in which the gun is fired is, of course, the speed with which you can get into
the "firing" position from the "carrying" position. With the Thompson the position which gives
the maximum speed for the normal man is the "under-arm” position. This is an accurate firing
position providing the head is down close 1o the Gun. There are few people who find the butt of
the Thompson suitable for obtaining
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