11/03/2015
PLA/PLW SERIES
Operation Manual
Programmable DC Electronic Load
This manual covers model:
PLA (Air-Cooled) Series
PLW (Water-Cooled)
Series
M470039-01 rev B
www.programmablepower.com
About AMETEK
AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc., a Division of AMETEK, Inc., is a global leader in the design and
manufacture of precision, programmable power supplies for R&D, test and measurement, process control,
power bus simulation and power conditioning applications across diverse industrial segments. From bench top
supplies to rack-mounted industrial power subsystems, AMETEK Programmable Power is the proud
manufacturer of Elgar, Sorensen, California Instruments and Power Ten brand power supplies.
AMETEK, Inc. is a leading global manufacturer of electronic instruments and electromechanical devices with
annualized sales of $2.5 billion. The Company has over 11,000 colleagues working at more than 80
manufacturing facilities and more than 80 sales and service centers in the United States and around the world.
Trademarks
AMETEK is a registered trademark of AMETEK, Inc.
Other trademarks, registered trademarks, and product names are the property of their respective owners and
are used herein for identification purposes only.
Notice of Copyright
SAS Calibrator Operation Manual © September 2015 AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc. All rights reserved.
Exclusion for Documentation
UNLESS SPECIFICALLY AGREED TO IN WRITING, AMETEK PROGRAMMABLE POWER, INC. (“AMETEK”):
(a) MAKES NO WARRANTY AS TO THE ACCURACY, SUFFICIENCY OR SUITABILITY OF ANY TECHNICAL OR
OTHER INFORMATION PROVIDED IN ITS MANUALS OR OTHER DOCUMENTATION.
(b) ASSUMES NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY FOR LOSSES, DAMAGES, COSTS OR EXPENSES, WHETHER
SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL, WHICH MIGHT ARISE OUT OF THE USE
OF SUCH INFORMATION. THE USE OF ANY SUCH INFORMATION WILL BE ENTIRELY AT THE USER’S
RISK, AND
(c) REMINDS YOU THAT IF THIS MANUAL IS IN ANY LANGUAGE OTHER THAN ENGLISH, ALTHOUGH STEPS
HAVE BEEN TAKEN TO MAINTAIN THE ACCURACY OF THE TRANSLATION, THE ACCURACY CANNOT BE
GUARANTEED. APPROVED AMETEK CONTENT IS CONTAINED WITH THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE VERSION,
WHICH IS POSTED AT WWW.PROGRAMMABLEPOWER.COM.
Date and Revision
October 2015 Revision B
Part Number
M470039-01
Contact Information
Telephone: 800 733 5427 (toll free in North America)
858 450 0085 (direct)
Fax:
858 458 0267
Email:
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Web:
www.programmablepower.com
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Important Safety Instructions
Before applying power to the system, verify that your product is configured properly for your particular
application.
warning
warning
Hazardous voltages may be present when covers are removed. Qualified personnel
must use extreme caution when servicing this equipment. Circuit boards, test
points, and output voltages also may be floating above (below) chassis ground.
The equipment used contains ESD sensitive ports. When installing equipment, follow ESD Safety
Procedures. Electrostatic discharges might cause damage to the equipment.
Only qualified personnel who deal with attendant hazards in power supplies, are allowed to perform installation
and servicing.
Ensure that the AC power line ground is connected properly to the Power Rack input connector or chassis.
Similarly, other power ground lines including those to application and maintenance equipment must be grounded
properly for both personnel and equipment safety.
Always ensure that facility AC input power is de-energized prior to connecting or disconnecting any cable.
In normal operation, the operator does not have access to hazardous voltages within the chassis. However,
depending on the user’s application configuration, HIGH VOLTAGES HAZARDOUS TO HUMAN SAFETY may
be normally generated on the output terminals. The customer/user must ensure that the output power lines are
labeled properly as to the safety hazards and that any inadvertent contact with hazardous voltages is eliminated.
Guard against risks of electrical shock during open cover checks by not touching any portion of the electrical
circuits. Even when power is off, capacitors may retain an electrical charge. Use safety glasses during open
cover checks to avoid personal injury by any sudden component failure.
Neither AMETEK Programmable Power Inc., San Diego, California, USA, nor any of the subsidiary sales
organizations can accept any responsibility for personnel, material or inconsequential injury, loss or damage that
results from improper use of the equipment and accessories.
SAFETY SYMBOLS
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Product Family: SAS Calibrator
Warranty Period: One Year
WARRANTY TERMS
AMETEK Programmable Power, Inc. (“AMETEK”), provides this written warranty covering the Product stated
above, and if the Buyer discovers and notifies AMETEK in writing of any defect in material or workmanship
within the applicable warranty period stated above, then AMETEK may, at its option: repair or replace the
Product; or issue a credit note for the defective Product; or provide the Buyer with replacement parts for the
Product.
The Buyer will, at its expense, return the defective Product or parts thereof to AMETEK in accordance with the
return procedure specified below. AMETEK will, at its expense, deliver the repaired or replaced Product or
parts to the Buyer. Any warranty of AMETEK will not apply if the Buyer is in default under the Purchase Order
Agreement or where the Product or any part thereof:
•
is damaged by misuse, accident, negligence or failure to maintain the same as specified or
required by AMETEK;
•
is damaged by modifications, alterations or attachments thereto which are not authorized by
AMETEK;
•
is installed or operated contrary to the instructions of AMETEK;
•
is opened, modified or disassembled in any way without AMETEK’s consent; or
•
is used in combination with items, articles or materials not authorized by AMETEK.
The Buyer may not assert any claim that the Products are not in conformity with any warranty until the Buyer
has made all payments to AMETEK provided for in the Purchase Order Agreement.
PRODUCT RETURN PROCEDURE
1. Request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from the repair facility (must be done in the
country in which it was purchased):
•
In the USA, contact the AMETEK Repair Department prior to the return of the product to
AMETEK for repair:
Telephone:
•
800-733-5427, ext. 2295 or ext. 2463 (toll free North America)
858-450-0085, ext. 2295 or ext. 2463 (direct)
Outside the United States, contact the nearest Authorized Service Center (ASC). A full listing
can be found either through your local distributor or our website,
www.programmablepower.com, by clicking Support and going to the Service Centers tab.
2. When requesting an RMA, have the following information ready:
•
Model number
•
Serial number
•
Description of the problem
NOTE: Unauthorized returns will not be accepted and will be returned at the shipper’s expense.
NOTE: A returned product found upon inspection by AMETEK, to be in specification is subject to an
evaluation fee and applicable freight charges.
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
ONE: FEATURES AND OPERATION OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION
PLW MODEL NUMBER DESCRIPTION
PLA MODEL NUMBER DESCRIPTION
FEATURES AND OPTIONS
GENERAL INFORMATION AND OPERATING NOTES
OPERATING MODES
PROGRAMMING MODE PARAMETERS
INPUT CONTROL
TRANSIENT OPERATION
TRIGGER OPERATION
PROTECTION FEATURES
FRONT PANEL OPERATION QUICK GUIDE
LCD STATUS ENUCIATOR
LCD DESCRIPTION
FRONT PANEL KEYPAD DESCRIPTION
HOT KEY DESCRIPTION
ENCODER OPERATION
MODE AND MENU NAVIGATION
FRONT PANEL MENU TREE
EXTERNAL PROGRAMMING PORT
INPUT VOLTAGE LIMIT
INPUT CURRENT LIMIT
INPUT POWER LIMIT
DIMENSIONAL DRAWING & DESCRIPTIONS
PLW 2U MODEL
PLA 2U MODEL
PLA 3U MODEL
PLW 4U MODEL
PLA 4U and 6U MODEL
TWO: INSTALLATION
INTRODUCTION
BASIC SET UP PROCEDURE
INSPECTION, CLEANNING, AND PACKAGING
RETURNING ELECTRONIC LOAD TO THE MANUFACTURER
PACKAGING FOR SHIPPING OR STORAGE
LOCATION, MOUNTING, AND VENTILATION
FUSE REPLACEMENT
AC INPUT POWER CONNECTION
AC INPUT CONNECTOR AND VOLTAGE SELECTION
AC INPUT CORD
LOAD WIRING
REAR PANEL INLET & OUTLET PIPE INSTALLATION
COOLANT WITH ANTI-FREEZE (GLYCOL) PRECAUTIONS
LOAD WIRING LENGTH FOR OPERATION WITH SENSE LINES
NOISE AND IMPEDANCE EFFECTS
LOAD CONNECTIONS
INPUT TERMINAL
INPUT TERMINAL CONNECTOR
LOCAL SENSE CONFIGURATION
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REMOTE SENSE CONFIGURATION
PARALLEL CONNECTION
TRIGGER OPERATION
ZERO-VOLT LOADING CONNECTION
THREE: LOCAL OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
VOLTAGE AND CURRENT METERING INFORMATION
OPERATING STATUS INFORMATION
LOCAL AND GPIB OPERATION INFORMATION
MODE MENU OPERATION AND RANGE SETTING
MAIN LEVEL LOCAL OPERATION
ENCODER OPERATION
MENU FUNCTION
LOAD CONTROL MENU
STEP PARAMETERS
MEASURE SENSE
PORT 0
EXTERNAL CONTROL
SHORT CONTROL
CROSS MODE
CROSS RANGE
TRIGGER SOURCE
PROTECTION
V-ON PROTECTION (UVL)
MAX/MIN SETTING FUNCTION
CALIBRATION PARAMETERS
OSCILLATE
OSC DETECTION DISABLE AND DELAY FEATURES
BOOT INPUT
LOAD PROFILE MENU
DISPLAY MENU
C OPERAND FOR BATTERY TESTING
SYSTEM FUNCTIONS MENU
GPIB FUNCTION
RS-232 FUNCTION
SYNTAX MODE
EOS CODE
BUZZER
PANEL LOCK
ETHERNET FUNCTION
USB FUNCTION
AUTHENTICATE MENU
SERIAL NUMBER
INTERFACE
CODE
TRANSIENT OPERATION
ENTERING TRANSIENT MODE VALUES
TRANSIENT FREQUENCY, SLEW RATE AND DUTY CYCLE PROGRAMMING
TRANSIENT MODE
LOCAL TRANSIENT OPERATION
CONTINUOUS MODE
TOGGLE MODE
PULSE MODE
TRIGGER MODE
TRIGGER SOURCE
STEP MODE
STEP OPERATION SET-UP
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STEP FUNCTION
STEP COUNT
STEP MODE
ENTERING STEPPING MODE VALUE
FOUR: REMOTE OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION TO GPIB & RS-232 (SCPI) COMMANDS
OVER VIEW SCPI LANGUAGE
LANGUAGE DICTIONARY
COMMANDS STRUCTURE
SCPI (GPIB & RS-232) PROGRAMMING COMMANDS SET
COMMON COMMANDS
COMMAND LIST
FIVE: CALIBRATION
INTRODUCTION
CALIBRATION SERVICE ENVIRONMENT AND PRECAUTIONS
CALIBRATION REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
CALIBRATION CONFIGURATION
CALIBRATION PARAMETERS
LOCAL CALIBRATION PROCEDURES
RE-INSTALLING CALIBRATION DATA
SIX: NEW ELOAD FEATURES
POWER INTERRUPTION
UNDER TEMPERATURE WARNING
INPUT CONTACTOR CONTROL
ULTRA-LOW RANGE OPTION
STEP MODE MODIFICATION – 256 STEPS
OSC RANGE SELECTION
INTERLOCK FUNCTION
PV SWEEP FUNCTION
MASTER-SLAVE PARALLEL OPERATION
SEVEN: SPECIFICATION AND POWER CURVE
SPECIFICATION
POWER CURVES
APPENDIX A: PEL & PLA/PLW COMMAND COMPATIBILITY TABLE
APPENDIX B: PLW – COOLING SYSTEM GUIDELINE
APPENDIX C: PV SWEEP - PC Software Guide
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TABLES AND FIGURES
TABLE 1.1a PLW GENERAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT RANGES
TABLE 1.1b PLA GENERAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT RANGES
FIGURE 1.1 LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY
FIGURE 1.2 FRONT PANEL KEYPAD
TABLE 1.2 HOT KEY DESCRIPTION
TABLE 1.3 ENCODER OPERATION
FIGURE 1.5 INPUT VOLTAGE/CURRENT/POWER RELATION DIAGRAM
FIGURE 1.6 – PLW 2U FRONT PANEL
FIGURE 1.7 – PLW 2U REAR PANEL
FIGURE 1.8 – PLA 2U FRONT PANEL
FIGURE 1.9 – PLA 2U REAR PANEL
FIGURE 1.10 – PLA 3U FRONT PANEL
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FIGURE 1.11 – PLA 3U REAR PANEL
FIGURE 1.12 – PLW 4U FRONT PANEL
FIGURE 1.13 – PLW 4U REAR PANEL
FIGURE 1.14 – PLA 4U REAR PANEL
FIGURE 1.15 – PLA 4U REAR PANEL
TABLE 2.1 BASIC SETUP PROCEDURE
FIGURE 2.1 SHIPPING OR STORAGE PACKAGE LABEL
TABLE 2.2 FUSE REPLACEMENT SPECIFICATIONS
TABLE 2.3 AC CORD SPECIFICATIONS
TABLE 2.4 CURRENT CARRYING WIRING CAPACITY FOR LOAD
FIGURE 2.2 PIPE INSTALLATION
TABLE 2.5 VOLTAGE DROP COMPENSATION
FIGURE 2.3 LOCAL SENSE CONFIGURATION
FIGURE 2.4 REMOTE SENSE CONFIGURATION
FIGURE 2.5 PARALLEL CONFIGURATION
FIGURE 2.6 TRIGGER CONFIGURATION
FIGURE 2.7 ZERO-VOLTS LOADING
FIGURE 3.1 ENCODER OPERATION
FIGURE 3.2 EXTERNAL PROGRAMMING SETUP
TABLE 3.1 TRIGGER INPUT SOURCE
FIGURE 5.1 CALIBRATION CONFIGURATION SETUP
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ONE: FEATURES AND OPERATION OVERVIEW
INTRODUCTION
The PLA and PLW Series Programmable DC Electronic Load from American Reliance Inc. offers a complete solution to
the electronic load system requirements. This instrument was designed to assist in the development and testing of new
products, as well as is being a standard instrument for automatic test systems and evaluation of dc power supplies,
batteries, and power components. Other applications include use as a power circuit breaker or crowbar, high current
function or pulse generator, fuel-cell and photovoltaic cell test, and de-energizing super conducting magnets. This
instrument uses advanced power MOSFETs to dissipate the input power. The electronic load consumes minimum power
to control maximum input power handling capability. Complex circuits are used to control the power balance and
dissipation of the MOSFET. This control circuit also supports the Constant Voltage (CV), Constant Current (CC),
Constant Resistance (CR), and Constant Power (CP) modes of operation. It comes with Standard Commands for
Programmable Instrument (SCPI) commands, remote monitoring of input voltage and currents is a standard features. The
electronic load can be used either on your bench or in a standard 19 in. (483 mm) rack: occupies 3.5” ~ 8.75” (2U ~ 5 U)
of vertical rack space. Designed for continuous use in standalone or systems applications, this electronic load is typically
used to evaluate DC equipment, control circuits, or burn-in power applications.
TABLE 1.1a – PLW GENERAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT RANGES
Note:
√ - Max Voltage & Current Rated Model; Gray Highlight – Available Model Combinations
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PLW MODEL NUMBER DESCRIPTION
PLW
36K
–
400
–
300
E
Model Type Power Rating
Voltage Rating
Current Rating E-Package Suffix
TABLE 1.1b – PLA GENERAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT RANGES
Note:
√ - Max Voltage & Current Rated Model; Gray Highlight – Available Model Combinations
PLA MODEL NUMBER DESCRIPTION
PLA
5K
–
Model Type Power Rating
400
Voltage Rating
–
300
E
Current Rating E-Package Suffix
FEATURES AND OPTIONS
•
•
•
•
•
Four constant operating modes: Constant current (CC), constant voltage (CV), constant resistance (CR), and
constant current (CP) mode operation.
Local control and remote programming for pulse amplitude, pulse width, and pulse cycle.
Trig-In/Trig-Out and measurement functions.
GPIB, RS-232, Ethernet, and USB interface programming with SCPI command language.
(Ethernet and USB are available as part of the E-Package).
Front panel control with keypad and rotary encoder (Tune Mode) for accurate setting.
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Built in pulse generator for continuous, pulsed, and toggled transient operation.
Seven programmable protection modes: Over Voltage Protection (OVP), Under Voltage Protection (UVP),
Over Current Protection (OCP), Under Current Protection (UCP), Over Power Protection (OPP), and Under
Power Protection (UPP).
Fan speed control for reduced acoustic noise under light load conditions.
0-10Vdc analog programmable.
Simple closed-case calibration.
Highest power density: up to 18KW in 2U height
Field-upgradeable capability for GPIB, RS232, USB and Ethernet.
Three ranges for each operating mode; Auto or Manual
External analog programming control for each mode and range
Panel lock capability
Program the Slew rise time and Slew fall time independently
50us transient time at CC mode; 500us transient time at CV mode
Anti-Oscillation controls: System bandwidth controls
Oscillation detection and protection
Anti-Saturation controls: Under Voltage Lockout
16 bits programming and read back capability
Cross mode and Cross range capability; default off
Remote Inhibit and Dry contact Fault output
Pulse power capability with Over Power Protection
Field-upgradeable firmware
Self-diagnostic capability
Redundant Over Temperature Protection
Four Step profiles; 256 step points for each profile
Soft-Start Functionality
Convenient and efficient Hot Keys for mode and Transient Mode Selection, Input and Transient On/Off Control,
Slew Rate Settings, Front panel trigger, and Short.
Independent Large Numerical Voltage and Current LED display
GENERAL INFORMATION AND OPERATING NOTES
Operating Modes:
The four modes of operation are:
Constant Current (CC):
The electronic load will sink a current in accordance with the programmed value regardless of the input voltage.
Note 1: Never use CC mode for testing a constant current source. The regulation of the two units will fight for control of
the current and an unstable oscillation will result.
Note 2: During CC mode, the electronic load can operate under the fastest transient time.
Constant Voltage (CV):
The electronic load will attempt to sink enough current to control the source voltage to the programmed value. It acts as a
shunt voltage regulator when operating in the CV mode.
Note 1: Never use CV mode for testing a constant voltage source. The regulators of the two devices will buck each other
trying to gain control of the voltage which will lead to an unstable condition.
Note 2: In CV mode, the transient time will be adjusted to a slower setting to ensure stable operation.
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Constant Resistance (CR):
The electronic load will sink a current linearly proportional to the input voltage in accordance with the programmed
value.
Constant Power (CP):
The electronic load will dissipate the power in accordance with the programmed value. It will automatically adjust the
current level inversely in response to a change in voltage.
Note: If the source voltage decays to zero volts the load will attempt to draw max rated current. If the OCP limit of the
electronic load is greater than the current limit of the voltage source, the voltage source will be latched to the CC state.
Otherwise the OCP will trip to shutdown the load.
Programming Mode Parameters:
When programmed to a mode, the electronic load remains in that mode until the mode is changed or until a fault
condition, such as an over power or over temperature occurrence. The current, voltage, resistance and power mode
parameters can be programmed whether or not the mode is presently activated. When a mode is selected via the front
panel or via the digital interfaces, the associated parameters will then take effect at the instance of turning the input on.
Cross Mode:
According to AMREL eLOAD design, the electronic load has four operating modes. As part of our factory default
settings, when switching from one mode to another mode in manual range (i.e. CV Low to CC High), the final switched
state will have the input turned off. If an application requires the input to stay on when switching modes, the option
“cross mode” must be changed from “input off” to “input remain.” By changing the option, the load will switch between
modes while keeping the input on, to accommodate for the different applications of the DUT.
Note: Cross mode operation will work under both “manual” and “auto” range control mode.
Ranges:
Parameters may be programmed in any of the three overlapping ranges. The low range provides better resolution at low
settings. The range can be set using the front panel or via SCPI command. For auto-range control: when you program a
value, the electronic load automatically selects the range that corresponds to the value you program. If the value falls in a
region where ranges overlap, the electronic load selects one with the highest resolution. In manual-range control: the
programmed values will be limited by the current range setting, an OUT OF RANGE message will appear on the front
panel display when an invalid value is entered. When a range is selected, the associated parameters (preset value or value
from memory) will take into effect.
Cross Range Operation:
According to AMREL eLOAD design specification, the electronic load has three overlapping operating ranges in each
mode. As part of our factory default settings, when switching from one range to another range in manual mode (i.e. CV
Low to CV High), the final switched state will have the input turned off. If an application requires the input to stay on
when switching ranges, the option “cross range” must be changed from “input off” to “input remain.” By changing the
option, the load will switch ranges while keeping the input on, to accommodate for the different applications of the DUT.
The cross range feature allows the user to effectively switch between ranges based on the application needed by the DUT.
Note: Cross range operation will work under both “manual” and “auto” range control mode.
Immediate Level:
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The immediate level can be set at front panel or via the digital interfaces. If the selected mode is active (Input on), the
new setting immediately changes the input at a rate determined by the soft-start turn-on sequence of the unit. If the
electronic load is not in the selected mode, the new setting is saved until that particular mode is activated.
Transient Level:
The transient level can be set at front panel or via digital interfaces. The electronic load input will switch between the
main level and the transient level when transient operation is turned on. During transient operation, the load will switch
from the immediate level to the transient level determined by the programmed slew time.
Triggered Level:
The level can be preset (stored in the electronic load) allowing the input to be updated when a trigger is received. Trigger
level can only be changed via digital interfaces, and can be programmed to any value within the mode’s range settings.
Slew Rate:
The slew rate determines the rate at which the input to the electronic load changes to a new programmed value. Slew
time (positive and negative) and level change can be set at the front panel or via the digital interfaces. To better
accommodate user applications, the positive and negative edge of the slew rate can be set independently. The
programmed slew rate remains in effect for the triggered and transient level changes previously described.
Input Control:
Short On/Off:
The electronic load can simulate a short circuit at its input by turning the load on with full-scale current. The short circuit
can be toggled on/off at the front panel or via the digital interfaces while Short On/Off is enabled. The short on/off
switch-over uses the slew rate setting of the active mode and range. The actual value of the electronic short is dependent
on the mode and range that are active when the short is turned on. In CV mode it is equivalent to programming zero
volts. In CC mode it is equivalent to programming full-scale current for the present current range. In CR mode it is
equivalent to programming the minimum resistance for the present resistance range.
Important Notes:
1) Turning the short on in CV mode may cause the load to draw so much current that the software current limit
triggers, which may turn the input off (Protection Mode).
2) It is dangerous to activate short operation when testing batteries or other DUT without current limit. The
eLOAD will act as an infinite current sink, and drain Maximum Current until severe damages occur to both the
DUT and eLOAD. In the worse case scenario, the DUT/battery could catch on fire or explode.
Turning the short circuit on does not affect the programmed settings, and the load input will return to the previously
programmed values when the short is turned off.
Input On/Off:
The electronic load’s input can be toggled on/off at the front panel, or via the digital interfaces. Turning the input off
(zero current) does not affect the programmed settings. The input will return to the previously programmed settings when
the input is activated again.
Note: The input on/off command supersedes the mode and short on/off command.
Transient Operation:
Transient operation enables the electronic load to periodically switch between two load levels. Transient operation can be
turned on and off at the front panel or via the digital interfaces. Before you turn on the transient operation, you should set
the desired mode of operation as well as all of the parameters associated with transient operation under varying
combinations of load levels, frequency, duty cycle, and slew rate. Transient operation may be used in CC, CR, CV or CP
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modes and can be continuous, pulsed, triggered, stepped or toggled. During transient operation, the load will switch from
the immediate level to the transient level determined by the programmed slew time.
Continuous Transient Operation
Generate a repetitive pulse train switches between two load levels via CONT (hot key) key or SCPI command. The two
load levels in the transient operation are main level and transient level for each mode. The rate at which the level switches
between is determined by the slew time setting.
Pulsed Transient Operation
Generate a load change that returns to its original state after some time period via SINGLE (hot key) key or SCPI
commands.
Toggled Transient Operation
Toggled transient operation causes the electronic load input to alternate between two pre-defined load levels as in
Continuous Mode except that the transient points can be controlled by explicit triggers instead of an internal transient
generator.
STEP Operation:
Step mode lets you generate complex sequences of input changes with rapid, precise timing, which may be synchronized
with internal or external signals.
You can program up to 256 settings (or steps) in the profile, the time interval (dwell) that each setting is maintained, the
number of times that the list will be executed, and the setting’s change in response to the triggers. The step data can be
stored in Profile 0, 1, 2 or 3 via either the front panel or the digital interfaces. Use RCL command to recall the saved state.
Trigger Operation:
The electronic load has various triggering modes to allow synchronization with other test equipment or events.
Triggering a preset level
Transfers all pending preset levels to the actual level. For the presently active mode, the new level appears at the input.
For the modes which are not presently active, the present levels will not take effect at the input until the applicable mode
becomes active. However you must first initiate the trigger function by executing the TRIG:IMMED command.
Triggering a transient pulse
A trigger signal will generate a transient pulse of programmable width when pulsed transient operation is in effect.
Triggers can be sent from the front panel by pressing the TRIGGER key or via Remote Interface.
Toggling
A trigger signal will change the input between the main level and the transient level when toggled transient operation is in
effect. Triggers can be sent from the front panel by pressing the TRIGGER key or via Remote Interface.
Protection Features:
The electronic load includes the following protection features:
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Over Voltage (OV):
The eLOAD has an Over Voltage Protection (OV) set at 105% of the full voltage rating. If the input voltage exceeds
105% of the over voltage threshold, the input will shut off and an alarm message “OV” will display.
Over Current (OC):
The eLOAD has an Over Current Protection (OC) set at 110% of the full current rating. If the input current exceeds
110% of the over current threshold, the input will shut off and an alarm message “OC” will display.
Over Power (OP):
The eLOAD has an Over Power Protection function set at 105% of rated power. If the power based on DC input
terminals voltage and current exceeds 105% of rated power, the unit will display warning message “OP” and the load will
limit input current level to maintain the input power to prevent unit from over overload. Over temperature protection may
trip if the input power exceeds the rated power persistently.
For eLOAD (with firmware version 2.86 or earlier), has an Over Power Protection function set at 105% (PLW Models)
and 110% (PLA Models) of full Power Rating. If the accumulated energy based on operating voltage and current exceeds
the over power threshold, the input will shut down and display the alarm message “OP”.
Over Temperature (OTP):
The electronic load has an over temperature protection circuit, which will turn off the input if the internal temperature
exceeds safe limits. Over-temperature is usually the worse condition to happen to an electronic load due its highly
destructive effects. During high temperature operation (OTP condition), all internal MOSFETS are working near their
full capacity and can fail due to excessive heat. To prevent over temperature, the electronic load has a built in redundant
over temperature protection. In short, the OTP offers both a temperature sensor circuit that controls the internal cooling
system and a hardware thermal switch that shuts down the input when the temperature threshold is exceeded. The
heatsink temperature can be display at front panel with Meter Mode selection or Query via remote command.
Reverse Voltage (RCP):
The electronic load has the internal parallel diodes to short the input in the presence of a reversed DC voltage input. The
front panel display with the alarm message “RCP” will indicate this condition has been detected.
Remote Sense Fault (RSF):
If the connection to the sense leads is not proper when operating under remote sense mode, the input will be forced off
with the alarm message “RSF”; Remote Sense Fault. Two common errors that can result in “RSF” failure are while the
“Measure Sense” is set to remote, the sense leads are not connected or if the leads are connected and the connection is
lost. The latter can become a serious problem in CP mode. In Constant Power mode, the electronic load will maintain the
set wattage by balancing the voltage and current. If the remote sense leads are disconnected, the VMON of the load will
sense zero voltage and sink the amount of current needed to keep the same power level until OC or other protection are
triggered. The “RSF” protection will trigger if the voltage deviation between the actual measured voltage and remote
sense voltage exceeds a set limit, forcing the input off until the conditions is cleared.
Note: “RSF” error signal has precedence over OC with remote sense enabled, and will trigger if connection is lost.
Unregulated state (UNR):
The “UNR” message cautions that the power stage of the electronic load is operating at its minimum resistance or
equivalent to it being shorted (marginal region for the load). Another indication is that the load is being operated
improperly, i.e. not enough supply current/voltage or incorrect calibration data.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 18
Supply Current and Voltage Below Main Level
A common cause for entering the unregulated state is supplying the load with a voltage or a current below the value set
for electronic load’s main level. For example, if the input is off in CV mode and the main level of the load is set at 3 volts
and the power supply is programmed for 2 volts. An “UNR” alarm message will appear when turning the input on. The
message is caused by the lack of voltage needed to bring the main to 3 volts, and the voltage and current readings will be
unstable during this state. The same condition will occur for CC mode, if the needed current is lower than the supplied
current. To fix the problem, increase the voltage or current above the needed main value. The “UNR” threshold is set as
1% deviation from the maximum value in that mode and/or range.
Re-Calibration
Verify that the supply current and voltage is sufficient for the operating condition. If the “UNR” message still occurs,
check the current or voltage read back and compare it with the main value setting (CC mode: current; CV mode: voltage)
to make sure the difference is below 1%. If the difference is above 1% for CC/CV mode, 30% for CR mode or 0.3% for
CP mode, that particular mode will need to be recalibrated. As a factory default, all loads are calibrated to its optimal
condition. Please verify the calibration inaccuracy carefully or contact AMETEK Technical Support before re-calibrating
the unit.
CR and CP Mode
In CR and CP mode, if the voltage or current is below the needed value to reach a certain resistance or wattage, an
“UNR” alarm message will appear. For example, in order to obtain 300 watts the input current value multiplied by the
input voltage value will need to equal 300 watts, otherwise an error will occur. For CR mode, the input voltage value
divided by the input current value will need to equal the resistance value entered. To fix the problem, increase the voltage
or current above the needed power or resistance. The “UNR” threshold for constant power mode is set as 0.3% deviation
from the maximum value in that mode and/or range. The constant resistance mode has a higher fluctuation in its value, so
it will have a higher “UNR” deviation range.
Note: When testing power supplies, a sudden current sink by the eLOAD in CP mode may cause the power supply to
latch in CC mode. At that time, the eLOAD will sink no current and display “UNR”. Simply power cycle the power
supply and repeat the application with a higher voltage setting to prevent the power supply from entering an
uncontrollable state.
Precautions for Testing Batteries
As a precaution, when testing batteries prevent from operating in CV mode and make sure that the load does not enter the
unregulated state. If a battery is connected to a short circuited load (UNR state), the load will draw infinite current and
cause permanent damage to the load, battery under test and possibly start a fire.
Under Voltage Lockout Protection (UVL):
The programmable under voltage lockout feature allows the user to set a trip point between zero and full-scale voltage (VOn Voltage Threshold). The input will remain off until the input voltage is greater than the pre-programmed value or the
V-On Voltage threshold. For the V-On (UVL) feature, there are two modes that can be set. In “continuous” mode, the
UVL detection will remain active, and each time the voltage drops below the set threshold voltage, the UVL protection
will shut off the input. Under “input on” mode, the UVL detection will only trigger once to shut down the input and will
reset each time the input is cycled. The only way to clear a UVL protection message is to increase the input voltage
beyond the V-On threshold. As a recommended setting, the V-On threshold should be set equivalent to at least 1 volt.
Oscillation Protection (OSC):
The eLOAD offers oscillation protection to prevent the system or DUT from being damaged during unstable operating
conditions. If the oscillation exceeds the frequency threshold for longer than the programmed oscillation delay, the input
will shutdown and an alarm message “OSC” will display. For applications that are oscillatory in nature, the OSC
protection can be disabled. Please refer to the menu tree for further disabling procedures.
Anti-Oscillation:
M470039-01 REV B
Page 19
In addition to the “OSC” protection, the eLOAD has four selectable bandwidth controls: Default, OSC1, OSC2 and
OSC3, that will adjust the system speed to resolve potential oscillation problems. The slew time ranges will vary
according to the range selected. At Default state, it has the widest bandwidth and fast transient time. At OSC1 state, it has
the normal bandwidth and transient time. At OSC2 and OSC3 state, they have the slower transient time in order to have
the better stability. The selection of different bandwidth ranges allows for higher speed or slower stable applications.
Self-Test Failure:
The self-test assures early detection of hardware problems and forces the input off when a failure does occur.
The appropriate bit(s) in the status registers are set when any of the above protection features are active. The front panel
display will indicate which condition(s) have been detected.
Resetting Latched Protection
All of the protection features remain latched (set) when they are tripped. The latched protection features can be reset via
the front panel PROT (CLEAR) key or the digital interfaces. The condition that caused the protection feature to trip must
be removed or it will trip again as soon as it is reset.
Bias Voltage Protection (VPP & VNP)
For the electronic load to operate properly it requires an internal +12 VDC and -12VDC voltage to bias different parts of the
system. In the case that the +12V bias voltage malfunctions, a “VPP” error message will appear indicating a voltage
positive power error. If the -12V bias voltage malfunctions, a “VNP” error will appear indicating a voltage negative
power error. For either of these error messages, please contact AMETEK Technical Support. The electronic load most
likely had a serious internal malfunction that caused the system to shutdown.
Note: For VPP and VNP failures, please refrain from repairing the unit, for it may inflict further damage.
In Fault Protection (INF)
If the electronic load is forced to sustain too much power, current or voltage in a short amount of time, the internal power
stage may have been damaged. If the damage is serious enough, the system hardware will shutdown and the display will
show an “In_Fault” or “INF” error message. When this message occurs, please contact AMETEK customer service. The
electronic load most likely has a power stage malfunction and will no longer operate normally.
Note: For INF failure, please refrain from repairing the unit, for it may inflict further damage.
User-Defined Over Current, Voltage, and Power Protection:
Over Voltage (OVP):
OVP is a programmable voltage trip point. Limits can be programmed to “shut down” the electronic load input if the
voltage exceeds pre-programmed value (default to off). The default programmable over voltage (OVP) trip point is 105%
of full voltage rating
Over Current (OCP):
Over Current Protection (OCP) is a programmable current trip point. Limits can be programmed to “shut down” the
electronic load input if the current exceeds pre-programmed value for longer than the pre-set time interval (default to off).
The default programmable over current (OCP) trip point is 105% of full current rating.
Over Power (OPP):
The over power protection (OPP) is a programmable power trip point. If the input power exceeds the over power limit,
the electronic load input will shutdown and display an OPP alarm message. The default programmable over power trip
point is 110% of full power rating for PLW Models and 105% of full power rating for PLA Models.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 20
User-Defined Under Current, Voltage, and Power Protection
For flexible customer application, AMETEK’s electronic load provides a user-defined under current (UCP), under voltage
(UVP) and under power protection (UPP). If there are any applications that require a minimum voltage, current or power
level for normal operation, the system will shutdown when the level drops below the set value.
Custom Max/Min Value Setting
The maximum and minimum value for each mode and range is programmable.
Note: The max and min value settings must be within the limits of each individual range and mode
Low Voltage (LV) Protection
When the input voltage drops below 1% of the maximum voltage, a “LV” message will appear to indicate the electronic
load is operating under a low voltage condition. During “LV” mode, the load will automatically switch to a slower slew
time to soften high in-rush currents by limiting the speed of the current rise. The “LV” message notifies the user of a
change in the slew time, so they can modify their settings to ensure proper test operation.
Self-Diagnostic Capability
Based on the system error message displayed on the front panel, certain troubleshooting analysis can be concluded and
may be fixed accordingly. The error messages or alarms displayed due to “over limit” faults or erroneous operation will
trigger an internal relay that shuts off the system input. For more serious failures, such as “VPP”, “VNP” or “INF,” the
system has permanently shutdown and will need to be shipped back to AMETEK for repair. There are other fault
M470039-01 REV B
Page 21
FRONT PANEL OPERATION QUICK GUIDE
LCD Status Enunciator
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY:
3
2
1
CC
40.000A
AUTO LOW
4
LOCAL
600A
5
FIGURE 1.1 LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS
FIGURE 1.1A
Important Notes:
1) The LCD displays real time input Voltage/Current & mode status. These messages are viewed in either local or
remote mode.
2) The Front Panel and Remote read back provide 4 digits of display after the decimal point. Any numbers
exceeding the 4th digit will be rounded to the next significant digit and displayed as the read back value.
LCD DESCRIPTION
1) Mode Indicator: Constant Voltage (CV), Constant Current (CC), Constant Resistor (CR), and Constant Power (CP).
2)
3)
4)
5)
Main Setting Indicator: Main Voltage, Current, Resistance and Power Setting.
Local Mode/Remote Mode Indicator: Local, INSC, GPIB, RS232, ETHER, and USB.
Operating Range Indicator: Auto, Manual Low, Manual Middle, and Manual High.
Max Range Setting Indicator: Displays maximum value for the specified range.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 22
Front Panel Keypad Description
7
8
9
MENU
LOCAL
4
5
6
RANGE
1
2
3
STEP
CLEAR
ENTER
•
FIGURE 1.2 FRONT PANEL KEYPAD
0
Key “0” Numeric entry key for number 0.
Key “.”
Numeric entry key for decimal dot.
Key “1” Numeric entry key for number 1.
Key “2” Numeric entry key for number 2.
Key “3” Numeric entry key for number 3.
Key “4” Numeric entry key for number 4.
Key “5” Numeric entry key for number 5.
Key “6” Numeric entry key for number 6.
Key “7” Numeric entry key for number 7.
Key “8” Numeric entry key for number 8.
Key “9” Numeric entry key for number 9.
Key “CLEAR” Clears partially set commands and
return the unit to the metering mode. By
pressing the "Clear" with no entry will
display "AMREL Model number and
software version.
Note: If the model name exceeds 16 digits, the displayed
model name will truncate. Please refer to the model name
label or use *IDN? Command to query back model name
Key “RANGE” Selects between auto, manual low,
manual middle and manual high range.
Key “LOCAL” Returns from remote PC control to local
operation and status indicator will
change from RMT to LCL. The Local
key also accesses all eLOAD menu
options and parameters for configuring
desired settings.
Key “STEP”
Allows programming of time duration
and value settings for step operation
Key “ENTER” Enters the values in the set mode and
returns the unit to the metering mode.
Hot Key Description
HOT KEYS
INPUT
SHORT
STEP
PULSE
CC
CR
CP
CV
CONT
TOGGLE
SINGLE
TRIGGER
PEAK
FREQ
M470039-01 REV B
OFF
INPUT OFF
SHORT OFF
STEP OFF
PULSE OFF
CC Mode Disabled
CR Mode Disabled
CP Mode Disabled
CV Mode Disabled
Continuous Disabled
Toggle Disabled
Single Disabled
N/A
Setting not Enabled
Setting not Enabled
SOLID ON
INPUT ON
SHORT ON
STEP ON
PULSE ON
CC Mode Enabled
CR Mode Enabled
CP Mode Enabled
CV Mode Enabled
Continuous Enabled
Toggle Enabled
Single Enabled
N/A
Adjust Trans. Value
Adjust Trans. Freq.
FLASHING ON
Press to Short
Press to Short
Press Input to Start Step
Press Input to Start Pulse
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
Trigger Transient Operation
N/A
N/A
Page 23
DUTY
SLEW
Setting not Enabled
Setting not Enabled
Adjust Trans. Duty
Adjust +/- Slew Rate
N/A
N/A
TABLE 1.2 – HOT KEY DESCRIPTION
Encoder Operation
BUTTON or
SETTING
ENCODER
ACTION
Main Level Setting
Screen in Main Value
Edit Mode
Press & Hold
Main Level Setting
Screen With Input On
Tap
Modify/Enter Value
PEAK Hot Key Pressed
DUTY Hot Key Pressed
Tap
Rotate Right
Increment Value
Press & Hold
Modify/Enter Value
Rotate Left
Decrement Value (real-time)
Rotate Right
Increment Value (real-time)
Press & Hold
Change Input Value
Tap
Decrement Value
Rotate Right
Increment Value
Press & Hold
Modify/Enter Value
Rotate Right
Press & Hold
Tap
Rotate Right
Press & Hold
Tap
STEP Button Pressed
Change Decimal Position
Rotate Left
Rotate Left
RANGE Button
Pressed
Change Decimal Position
Decrement Value
Rotate Left
MENU Button Pressed
Change Input Value
Rotate Left
Tap
SLEW Hot Key Pressed
FUNCTION
Change Decimal Position
Decrement Value
Increment Value
Make Selection/Modify/Enter Value
Change Decimal Position
Scroll Through Selection/Increment
Value
Scroll Through Selection/Decrement
Value
Select Menu Option
Exit to Previous Menu
Rotate Left
Scroll Through Selection
Rotate Right
Scroll Through Selection
Press & Hold
Select Mode & Range Type
Tap
Select Mode & Range Type
Rotate Left
Scroll Through Selection
Rotate Right
Scroll Through Selection
Press & Hold
Make Selection/Modify/Enter Value
Tap
Change Decimal Position
Scroll Through Selection/Increment
Value
Scroll Through Selection/Decrement
Value
Rotate Left
Rotate Right
TABLE 1.3 – ENCODER OPERATION
Note: Press “Clear” to exit from any menu or edit mode
M470039-01 REV B
Page 24
Mode and Menu Navigation
Mode and Menu Navigation
1) In meter mode, press CV, CC, CR, or CP Hot Keys to make a mode selection.
2) In meter mode, press RANGE from the Front Key Pad to enter into range selection mode.
3) Press RANGE again to make a range selection from Low, Middle, High or Auto.
4) The first row displays the currently selected mode and main value
5) The second row displays the currently selected range.
6) Press “ENTER” key to confirm range, and go back to meter mode.
7) Press “CLEAR” key to go back to meter mode.
8) Press encoder, same as CLEAR key.
9) Press and hold encoder, similar to ENTER key.
Function selection mode
1) In meter mode, press FREQ, DUTY, or SLEW Hot Keys to enter into an edit mode.
2) Press SLEW to make a selection between rise time and the fall time.
3) Press DUTY to configure the duty cycle.
4) Press FREQ to configure the frequency.
5) Rotate
the encoder to edit value by each decimal place.
6) Press “CLEAR” key to go back to meter mode.
7) Press encoder, same as CLEAR key.
8) Press and hold encoder to enter and accept a value.
Menu mode
1) Press LOCAL/MENU key, or press and hold encoder to enter into menu mode.
2) Rotate
the encoder to select menu item.
3) Press “ENTER” or press and hold the encoder to accept the setting.
4) Press “CLEAR”, or press encoder to go back to meter mode.
Note: Please refer to the front panel menu tree section for detailed menu selections.
Panel Lock
1) When LCD is in “Menu Mode”, select “PANEL LOCK” can set PANEL ENABLE, and PANEL PASSSWORD.
2) When “PANEL ENABLE” is set to OFF, power off the PD unit and power on again, the local panel is disabled.
All other keys are locked except “LOCAL” key. When these keys are pressed, LCD displays “LOCAL
LOCKED”.
3) Press “LOCAL” key, users must enter PASSWORD. If the PASSWORD is correct, the LCD goes back to
normal state. Press “ENTER” key and “LOCAL” key in the same time locks all the keys again.
4) If users forget the password, they can use “555555” as default password.
List step edit mode
1) When LCD display is in meter mode, press STEP key from Front Key Pad to enter into step edit mode.
2) Press STEP key to make a selection between Time edit or Value edit of a step.
3) Press and hold the encoder to enter and accept the setting of a step.
4) Rotate
the encoder to select step point one by one.
5) Press “VALUE (9)” key to edit step value.
6) Press “CLEAR” key to go back to meter mode.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 25
Front Panel Menu Tree
MENU
All Words in Bold are Factory Default Settings
LOAD CONTROL
STEP PARAM.
MODE
COUNT
TIME UNIT
MEASURE SENSE
LOCAL
REMOTE
PORT0
OFF
ON
EXT. CONTROL
OFF
ON
SHORT CONTROL
OFF
ON
SHORT TIME
0~65535 mS
CROSS MODE
INPUT OFF
INPUT REMAIN
CROSS RANGE
INPUT OFF
INPUT REMAIN
RSF DETECT
OFF
ON
TRIGGER
SOURCE
HOLD
BUS
EXTERNAL
ETHERNET
DELAY
00000mS
ACTION EXT.
NONE
INTERLOCKINTERLOCK+
OV-PROTECTION
OV STATE
PROTECTION
M470039-01 REV B
STEP
STEP AUTO
STEP ONCE
1 ~ INFINITY
MILLISECOND
SECOND
OFF
Page 26
UV-PROTECTION
OV LIMIT
OV DELAY
UV STATE
UV LIMIT
UV DELAY
OC-PROTECTION
OC STATE
OC LIMIT
OC DELAY
OFF
ON
1.05* IMAX
01000mS
UC-PROTECTION
UC STATE
OFF
ON
UC LIMIT
000.000A
UC DELAY 01000mS
OP-PROTECTION
OP STATE
OP LIMIT
OP DELAY
UP-PROTECTION
UP STATE
UP LIMIT
UP DELAY
V-ON CONTROL
OFF
ON
1.05*PMAX
01000mS
OFF
ON
000.000W
01000mS
V-ON STATE
MAX/MIN LIMIT
MAX VOLTAGE
MIN VOLTAGE
MAX CURRENT
MIN CURRENT
MAX RESIST.
MIN RESIST.
MAX POWER
MIN POWER
INPUT ON
CONTINUE
V-ON THRESHOLD
01.000V
VMAX
000.000V
IMAX
000.000A
RMAX
RMIN
PMAX
000.000W
CAL. PARAM.
MEASURE LOW
MEASURE HIGH
TRAN. OFFSET
06400 COUNT
32000 COUNT
06400 COUNT
OSCILLATE
OSC. CONTROL
DEFAULT
OSC1
OSC2
OSC3
DEFA. + DISABLE
OSC1+DISABLE
OSC2+DISABLE
OSC3+DISABLE
01000ms
OSC. DELAY
BOOT INPUT
M470039-01 REV B
ON
1.05*VMAX
01000mS
OFF
ON
000.000V
01000mS
OFF
ON
Page 27
INPUT CONTACTOR
CONTROL
DELAY
VALVE CONTROL
PROFILE
RECALL
SAVE
RESET
DISPLAY
METER MODE
METER POLARITY
‘C’ VALUE
MEAS. BUFFER
SYSTEM
M470039-01 REV B
DISABLE
PORT0+ @ ON
PORT0+ @ ON
RELAY @ INPUT
RELAY @ KEY
0~500ms
VALVE ON @
VALVE OFF @
INDICATOR
32.0 DEGREE C
28.0 DEGREE C
OFF
ON
0
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
ENTER TO RESET
- DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE - DONE -
V+I
V+P
V+C
V+R
I+P
I+C
I+R
R+P
R+C
P+C
V+T
I+T
R+T
P+T
C+T
NORMAL (+)
REVERSE (-)
1.00000A
8
16
32
64
128
256
GPIB ADDRESS
5
RS-232 SPEED
2400
4800
9600
19200
Page 28
38400
57600
115200
SWEEP CONTROL
SYNTAX MODE
PLA/PLW
PEL
PEL RANGE
EOS CODE
CR+LF
NULL
CR
LF
BUZZER
ON
OFF
INHIBIT CONTROL
LATCHED
LIVE
PANEL LOCK
PANEL ENABLE
PANEL PASSWD
ON
OFF
(Default: 555555)
ETHERNET
ADDRESS
NETMASK
GATEWAY
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
0.0.0.0
ENABLE
ON
OFF
PV
CV
CC
CR
CP
0.00000
0.00000
0.00000
00100 mS
OFF
ON @ Vmp
MODE
START VALUE
STOP VALUE
STEP VALUE
STEP TIME
INPUT OPTION
AUTHENTICATE
M470039-01 REV B
SERIAL NO.
000B87XXXXXX
INTERFACE
GPIB ETHER USB
CODE
_______
Page 29
HOT KEYS
ON/OFF
INPUT
OFF
“FLASHING”
ON
SHORT
OFF
“FLASHING”
ON
STEP
OFF
“FLASHING”
ON
PULSE
OFF
“FLASHING”
ON
Note: “Flashing” stands for a blinking light displayed on the key being pressed
RANGE
STEP
MODE/MAIN
AUTO
MANU LOW
MANU MID
MANU HI
STEP
TIME
VALUE
(PRESS ENCODER TO ENTER.)
ENCODER RIGHT
ENCODER LEFT
CC
00000 ms
000.000V/A/Ω/W
+1 for Point of step (increment step# by 1)
-1 for point of step (decrement step# by 1)
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
CR
CP
CV
By default the range is set to AUTO RANGE and mode is set to CCL
PULSE
PEAK
FREQ
DUTY
SLEW
CONT
TOGGLE
SINGLE
RISE
FALL
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
PULSE
PINT
TRIGGER
M470039-01 REV B
001.000A
20Hz
50%
5ms
5ms
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
BLINK
OFF
Page 30
EXTERNAL PROGRAMMING PORT
The external programming port provides remote sense inputs, input voltage monitoring, input current monitoring, external
trigger input, external trigger output, and analog programming signal.
EXT_PRG
5
VMON
6
IMON
7
8
NC
FAULT
9
PORT
10
TRIG_IN
11
TRIG_OUT
12
EGND
M470039-01 REV B
+S
-S
AGND
External Prog
VMON
IMON
NC
FAULT
PORT
TRIGIN
TRIGOUT
DGND
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
+S
-S
EXT_GND
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Terminal Block
External Program Port
1
2
3
Positive remote sense.
Negative remote sense.
Analog Ground. Provides common (reference) connection for EXT_PRG
(PIN 4), VMON (PIN 5), and IMON (PIN 6). When an external
programming function is not used, connect this point to Analog pin 4 to
prevent EMI Noise.
External analog programming input signal. The electronic load can be
programmed externally by 0-10Volts DC or DC + AC voltage (AC voltage
must be biased to above 0V). When external analog programming function
is not used, connect this point to AGND pin 3 to prevent EMI Noise.
Input voltage monitoring signal. Generates a 0-10Volt output signal that is
linearly proportional to the electronic load’s 0 to full-scale voltage.
Input current monitoring signal. Generates a 0-10Volt output signal that is
linearly proportional to the electronic load’s 0 to full-scale current.
No Connection
Fault signal output. A TTL compatible signal that becomes active (high)
when any of the protections are triggered.
Digital port output. Port can be activated via front panel operation or by
SCPI command PORT 0|1 |off|on. PORT becomes active (high) when the
PORT is on.
Negative Edge Triggered External trigger signal input. A TTL compatible
signal is used to activate the electronic load. TRIG_IN is used to change to
a preset mode or switch between settings in transient mode, such as trigger
the step mode, trigger mode, continuous mode, toggle mode, step auto
mode, step once mode, or pulse mode.
NOTE: IN ORDER TO ENABLE THE TRIG_IN PORT FOR USE, THE
TRIGGER SOURCE MUST BE SET TO EXTERNAL.
External trigger signal output. A TTL compatible signal that is activated
via the Trig-in or GPIB command *TRG. This output follows the state of
the TRIG_IN input. External trigger output is used for triggering
oscilloscopes, power supplies, or other electronic loads that have external
trigger input.
Earth Ground. Provides the common (reference) connection for TRIG_IN
(PIN 10), TRIG_OUT (PIN 11), Fault (PIN 8), and PORT (PIN 9).
Page 31
INPUT VOLTAGE LIMIT
The programmable electronic load can handle voltages within nominal values and surge voltages less than 5% above
nominal value. The Over-voltage protection will be tripped when the input voltage exceeds 5% of nominal value. For
CV mode application, the input power source should have current limit capability to prevent exceeding the electronic
load’s input current range.
Two over voltage protection features have been provided. 1) Over voltage protection to limit maximum current to 5%
above nominal value. 2) Software selectable, the user can set and read back the input protection voltage level.
WARNING
High voltage and high current operation may result in a fault condition, shutting down the Load input. Ensure that the
maximum voltage and current applied to the electronic load does not exceed the power rating.
INPUT CURRENT LIMIT
The nominal current values are indicated in the specification datasheet. During Load bank operation in CV (Constant
Voltage) mode, limiting the input current at high voltages become a critical factor. The internal structure of the Load
Bank and the Over-Current protection will limit the maximum current to less than 5% above nominal rated current.
However, the combined input current and voltage can easily exceed the maximum rated power. If the power overload
condition persists over a time period, the accumulated over-power energy will trigger the hardware OP protection, and
control the input current to not exceed 120% of max rated power. For CC mode operation, the input power source should
be a CV source or operate in CV mode, to avoid potential unstable conditions caused by two Constant Current Control
loops. As for over power conditions in CC mode, please limit the input voltage to prevent the OP fault condition shutting
down the Load input.
Two over current protection features have been provided. 1) Over current protection to limit maximum current to 5%
above nominal value. 2) Software selectable, the user can set and read back the input protection current level.
WARNING
High voltage and high current operation may result in a fault condition, shutting down the Load input. Ensure that the
maximum voltage and current applied to the electronic load does not exceed the power rating.
INPUT POWER LIMIT
The programmable electronic load is designed to handle power up to 110% of Max Power Rating, with input voltage and
current below the max rated specifications. As a recommendation, the input power source should not exceed the max
rated power, to avoid fault conditions shutting the Load input off. As indicated in the specification sheet, Constant Power
mode requires a current limit for each range (CPL, CPM, and CPH), which cannot exceed the corresponding current range
max value (CCL, CCM, and CCH).
WARNING
Anticipate the Maximum output of the power source carefully and consider the worst-case scenario. The maximum
power range of the load should be higher than the output power of the source. High voltage and high current operation
may result in a fault condition, shutting down the Load input.
For CP mode application, the programmable electronic load can be set to maximum power dissipation with the following
limitations. Input must be within maximum voltage and current ratings. For example, PLA1.2K-120-200, the max rated
M470039-01 REV B
Page 32
values are 120V/200A/1200W. Therefore, the maximum power will be limited to a combination of “voltage x current
values” equating to 1,200W. Thus, CP mode is limited by the hardware's maximum current, voltage and power ratings.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 33
Maximum Current – Max A
Vin
MaxV
Maximum Voltage – Max V
Maximum Power – Max KW
LowV
Low-Mid
Max A
Iin
FIGURE 1.5 INPUT VOLTAGE/CURRENT/POWER RELATION DIAGRAM
The theory of the CP operation comes from the divider circuit built in the load. Because of the nonlinear characteristic of
the divider, the input voltage, input current, and power setting will limit the CP mode of operation. The CP mode will not
allow the load to operate beyond the full range of the Constant Power setting.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 34
DIMENSIONAL DRAWINGS & DESCRIPTIONS
PLW 2U MODEL
Note: Please refer to the Specifications for detailed unit dimensions
Front Panel
21
22
1
2
3
5
6
7
17
8
19
9
10
18
11
20
12
16
13
14
15
FIGURE 1.6 – 2U FRONT PANEL
1.Input ON/OFF Button
2.Short ON/OFF Button
3.Step ON/OFF Button
4.Pulse (Transient) ON/OFF Button
5.Constant Current Mode Selection
6.Constant Resistance Mode Selection
7.Constant Power Mode Selection
8.Constant Voltage Mode Selection
9.Transient Duty Cycle Setting
10. Slew Rate Rising/Falling Time Setting
11. Manual Trigger Button
12. Single Pulse / Power Interruption
Transient Operation Selection
M470039-01 REV B
13. Front Panel Keypad
14. Encoder
15. Power ON/OFF Button
16. LCD Display
17. Toggle Transient Operation Selection
18. Continuous Transient Operation
Selection
19. Transient Level Setting
20. Transient Frequency Setting
21. Current & Warning Signal LED 5 digits
Display
22. Voltage LED 5 digits Display
Page 35
Rear Panel
FIGURE 1.7 – PLW 2U REAR PANEL
23. ( – ) Negative input terminal. (Thread : one M12 ,two M6)
24. ( + ) Positive input terminal. (one M12 two M6 screw threads)
25. Relay connector.
a.
b.
c.
d.
RY_NC Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
RY_CO Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection only for RY_NC or RY_NO
RY_NO Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second.
RI_1 Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable the system. RI can be connecting to a
switch or an open collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND) whenever it is necessary to
disable input of the unit. Once RI is activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to re-activate the unit,
the connection between common and RI pin needs to be open again, and it will have 3 seconds delay.
26. External programming port.
27. Standard GPIB interface connector.
28. Standard RS-232 interface connector.
29. Standard RJ45 connector for Ethernet interface (LAN).
30. Standard USB interface connector.
31. Chassis / Line ground lug screw.
32. AC power inlet with external fuse holder.
33. Water inlet ( Pipe size: 3/8” NPT)
34. Water outlet ( Pipe size: 3/8” NPT)
35. Water valve power connector
M470039-01 REV B
Page 36
PLA 2U MODEL
22
21
16
19 18
17
20
12
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
13
14
15
FIGURE 1.8 – PLA 2U FRONT PANEL
Note: Please refer to the Specifications for detailed unit dimensions
Front Panel Descriptions
1. Input ON/OFF Button
2. Short ON/OFF Button
3. Step ON/OFF Button
4. Pulse (Transient) ON/OFF Button
5. Constant Current Mode Selection
6. Constant Resistance Mode Selection
7. Constant Power Mode Selection
8. Constant Voltage Mode Selection
9. Slew Rate Duty Cycle Setting
10. Slew Rate Rising/Falling Time Setting
11. Manual Trigger Button
M470039-01 REV B
12. Single Pulse / Power Interruption Transient
Operation Selection
13. Front Panel Keypad
14. Encoder
15. Power ON/OFF Button
16. LCD Display
17. Toggle Transient Operation Selection
18. Continuous Transient Operation Selection
19. Transient Level Setting
20. Transient Frequency Setting
21. Current & Warning Signal 5 digits Display
22. Voltage LED 5 digits Display
Page 37
25
32
26
23
24
31
FIGURE 1.9 – PLA 2U REAR PANEL
29
27
28
30
Rear Panel Descriptions
23. ( + ) Positive input terminal. (one M10 screw thread)
24. ( – ) Negative input terminal. (one M10 screw thread)
25. Relay connector.
a.
b.
c.
d.
RY_NC Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
RY_CO Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection only for RY_NC or RY_NO
RY_NO Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second.
RI_1 Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable the system. RI can be connecting to a
switch or an open collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND) whenever it is necessary to
disable input of the unit. Once RI is activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to re-activate the unit,
the connection between common and RI pin needs to be open again, and it will have 3 seconds delay.
26. External programming port.
27. Standard GPIB interface connector.
28. Standard RS-232 interface connector.
29. Standard RJ45 connector for Ethernet interface (LAN).
30. Standard USB interface connector.
31. Chassis / Line ground lug screw.
32. AC power inlet with external fuse holder.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 38
PLA 3U MODEL
FIGURE 1.10 – PLA 3U FRONT PANEL
NOTE: All front panel descriptions are the same for 2U, 3U, 4U, and 6U. see Figure 1.8.
.
10
4
9
3
6
2
5
15
1
0
5
8
6
7
8
FIGURE 1.11 – PLA 3U REAR PANEL
1. ( – ) Negative input terminal. (one M10 ,two M6 screw threads)
2. ( + ) Positive input terminal. (one M10 ,two M6 screw threads)
3. Relay connector.
a.
b.
c.
d.
4.
5.
RY_NC Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are triggered.
The fault alarm outputs provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides user’s flexibility and
isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
RY_CO Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection only for RY_NC or RY_NO
RY_NO Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are triggered.
The fault alarm outputs provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s flexibility and isolation
required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
RI_1 Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable the system. RI can be connecting to a
switch or an open collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND) whenever it is necessary to disable
input of the unit. Once RI is activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to re-activate the unit, the
connection between common and RI pin needs to be open again, and it will have 3 seconds delay.
External programming port.
Standard GPIB interface connector.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 39
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Standard RS-232 interface connector.
Standard RJ45 connector for Ethernet interface (LAN).
Standard USB interface connector.
Chassis / Line ground lug screw.
AC power inlet with external fuse holder.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 40
PLW 4U MODEL
Note: Please refer to the Specifications for detailed unit dimensions
FIGURE 1.12 – PLW 4U FRONT PANEL
NOTE: All front panel descriptions are the same for 2U and 4U.
10
9
4
3
5
12
11
13
2
1
6
7
8
FIGURE 1.12 – PLW 4U REAR PANEL
Note: Please refer to the Specifications for detailed unit dimensions
M470039-01 REV B
Page 41
1. ( – ) Negative input terminal. (two M12 screw threads)
2. ( + ) Positive input terminal. (two M12 screw threads)
3. Relay connector.
a. RY_NC Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
b. RY_CO Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection only for RY_NC or RY_NO
c. RY_NO Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are
triggered. The fault alarm outputs provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second.
d. RI_1 Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable the system. RI can be connecting
to a switch or an open collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND) whenever it is
necessary to disable input of the unit. Once RI is activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to reactivate the unit, the connection between common and RI pin needs to be open again, and it will have 3
seconds delay.
4. External programming port.
5. Standard GPIB interface connector.
6. Standard RS-232 interface connector.
7. Standard RJ45 connector for Ethernet interface (LAN).
8. Standard USB interface connector.
9. Chassis / Line ground lug screw.
10. AC power inlet with external fuse holder.
11. Water inlet ( Pipe size: 3/8” NPT)*
12. Water outlet ( Pipe size: 3/8” NPT)*
13. Water valve power connector
*To accommodate different cooling system requirements, every AMREL standalone 4U Watercooled eLOAD is supplied with a set of detached external piping kit ( MANIFOLD-4U) converts two
3/8” NPT into one ½” NPT Pipe size for both water inlet and outlet. Appendix B section 6 provides
detail installation of MANIFOLD-4U to a 4U water cooled eLOAD.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 42
PLA 4U AND 6U MODEL
FIGURE 1.14 – PLA 4U FRONT PANEL
NOTE: All front panel descriptions are the same for 2U, 3U, 4U and 6U.
9
10
5
4
6
3
2
7
1
8
11
FIGURE 1.15 – PLA 4U REAR PANEL
Note: Please refer to the Specifications for detailed unit dimensions
1. ( – ) Negative input terminal. (one M12, two M6 screw threads)
M470039-01 REV B
Page 43
2. ( + ) Positive input terminal. (one M12, two M6 screw threads)
3. Relay connector.
a.
b.
c.
d.
RY_NC Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are triggered.
The fault alarm outputs provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides user’s flexibility and
isolation required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
RY_CO Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection only for RY_NC or RY_NO
RY_NO Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of AC power or protections are triggered.
The fault alarm outputs provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s flexibility and isolation
required to an external controller or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second.
RI_1 Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable the system. RI can be connecting to a
switch or an open collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND) whenever it is necessary to disable
input of the unit. Once RI is activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to re-activate the unit, the
connection between common and RI pin needs to be open again, and it will have 3 seconds delay.
4. External programming port.
5. Standard GPIB interface connector.
6. Standard RS-232 interface connector.
7. Standard RJ45 connector for Ethernet interface (LAN).
8. Standard USB interface connector.
9. AC power inlet with external fuse holder.
10. Interconnect AC power (future option)
11. Interconnect cables (future option)
M470039-01 REV B
Page 44
TWO: INSTALLATION
INTRODUCTION
This section provides recommendations and procedures for inspecting, installing, and testing the electronic load.
BASIC SETUP PROCEDURE
Use Table 2.1 to summarize the basic setup procedure and an overall view of the subsections. Use the procedure as a
quick reference if you are familiar with the installation requirements for the programming electronic load. If you want
more information, each step in the procedure refers to subsequent sections, which contain more details. Execute each step
in the sequence provided.
TABLE 2.1 BASIC SETUP PROCEDUE
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Step#
Description
Action
Reference
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
Inspection
Perform an initial physical
Inspection, cleaning,
inspection of the load.
and packaging.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2
Installation
Install the instrument on
Location, mounting,
bench or rack mount,
and ventilation.
ensuring adequate ventilation.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3
Input power
Connect AC input power
AC input power
connection.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4
Test
Perform functional tests for
Functional test.
CV mode, CC mode, and
front panel controls.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5
Source
Connect the source.
Source connection.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------6
Sense
Connect sensing lines.
Local and Remote sense.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INSPECTION, CLEANING, AND PACKAGING
•
INITIAL INSPECTION: When you first receive your unit, perform a quick physical check.
1.
Inspect the instrument for cracks, scratches, broken switches, connectors, and display.
2.
Make sure there is not damage on the AC power cord; the AC input cover is installed properly and with the
strain relief.
3.
Make sure there is no loose component in the unit that may cause by the long distance shipping.
If the unit is damaged, save all the packing materials and notify the carrier immediately.
•
MAINTENANCE: No routine servicing of the electronic load is required except for periodic cleaning.
Whenever the instrument is removed from operation, first use a low pressure air to blow dust from in and around
components on the printed circuit board, clean the front panel with dry cloths or with a weak solution of soap
M470039-01 REV B
Page 45
and water, clean the metal surfaces with naphtha or an equivalent solvent when used in high humility. Then use
the low-pressure air to blow it again.
RETURNING ELECTRONIC LOAD TO THE MANUFACTURER
Return Material Authorization Policy for warranty and non-warranty service:
Before returning a product directly to American Reliance Inc. you must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA)
number and the correct manufactory Ship To: address. Products must also be shipped prepaid. Product shipments will be
refused and returned at sender expense if they are unauthorized shipped without RMA # clearly marked on the outside of
the shipping box, shipped “COD”, or if they are shipped to the wrong location.
Please have the following information when contacting American Reliance for RMA #:
12345-
The model number of your product.
The serial number of your product.
Information about the failure and/or reason for the return.
A copy of your dated proof of purchase.
Firmware Version (Press “Clear” on the front panel)
When returning the product to American Reliance Inc.:
1- Package the unit safely, preferably using the original box and packing materials. Please ensure that your product
is shipped fully insured in the original packaging or equivalent. THIS WARRANTY WILL NOT APPLY
WHERE THE PRODUCT IS DAMAGED DUE TO IMPROPER PACKAGING.
2- Include the following information:
o
o
o
o
The RMA# supplied by American Reliance Inc. clearly marked on the outside of the box.
A return address where the unit can be shipped. Post office boxes are not acceptable.
A contact person, telephone, email where sender can be reached during work hours.
A brief description of the problem.
Ship the unit prepaid to the address provided by AMETEK customer service representative.
If you are returning a product from outside of the United States:
In addition to the above, you must include return freight funds if you instrument is out of warranty and are fully
responsible for all documents, duties, tariff, and deposits.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 46
PACKAGING FOR SHIPPING OR STORAGE
Instructions to prepare the instrument for shipping or storage.
1- When returning the unit or sending it to the service center, attach a tag to the unit stating its model number
(available at the front panel label) and its serial number (available at the rear panel label). Give the date of
purchase and an invoice number, if you have it, as well as a brief description of the problem.
2- For storage or shipping, repack the electronic load in its original box. If the original box is not available, seal the
instrument in a plastic bag and pack it in a 200 lb. (90Kg) test corrugated cardboard carton large enough allow 3
inches (76.2mm) of cushioning material to surround the unit or use a material such as foam slabs or chips or an
appropriate wooden crate used. Please consult with AMETEK shipping department for proper packing material
and handling.
3- Label the package as shown in Figure 2.1.
4- Mark the address of the service center and your return address carton.
5- For storing, no more than two cartons high. The storage temperature should be between -40°C to 70°C.
6- For water cooled unit storing or shipping, must ensure no water or fluid is inside the unit.
PROGRAMMABLE DC ELECTRONIC LOAD
Model #: _______________________
Serial #: _______________________
FRAGILE – ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
(PLEASE HANDLE WITH CARE)
FIGURE 2.1 SHIPPING OR STORAGE PACKAGE LABEL
LOCATION, MOUNTING, AND VENTILATION
Electronic load is designed for rack-mounted or bench top applications.
RACK MOUNTING INTALLATION
1- Use the integral rack-mount ears at both sides of the front panel to install the electronic load in a rack mount
application.
2- Provide adequate support for the rear of the instrument without obstructing the ventilation inlets on the sides and
rear of the unit. Use a support bar at the bottom or rear of the unit. Follow the rack-mount manufacturer’s
instructions to install the support bar.
VENTILATION
M470039-01 REV B
Page 47
Whether you place the electronic load in a rack or on a bench, allow cooling air to reach the ventilation inlets on the sides
of the instrument and allow 4 in. (101.6mm) of unrestricted air space at the rear of the unit for the fan exhaust. Any
ventilation space at the top and bottom of the supply will further lower internal operating temperatures.
FUSE REPLACEMENT
If the fuse is suspected to be defective, it should be inspected and, if necessary, replaced. To inspect or replace the fuse,
please contact to American Reliance service department before perform the following steps:
(1)
(2)
(3)
Disconnect the AC line cord from the unit to reduce electrical shock hazard.
Remove the fuse by sliding out the fuse holder. The fuse holder is beneath the AC receptacle. Test the fuse for
electrical continuity with an ohmmeter. Other fuse holder located at the printed circuit board.
If the fuse is found to be defective, replace it with a replacement fuse as specified in the following table:
Model Type
Fuse Rating
Specification
PLW6K
2.5A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW9K
4A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW12K
4A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW18K
4A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW24K
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW36K
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW48K - Slave
10A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW48K - Master
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW60K - Slave
10A/250V
Slow Blow
PLW60K - Master
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-2U
2.5A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-3U
4A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-4U
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-6U
8A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-8U-Master
10A/250V
Slow Blow
PLA-8U-Slave
6.3A/250V
Slow Blow
Table 2.2 – Fuse Replacement Specifications
(4)
(5)
Location
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
External Fuse (Beneath the AC receptacle)
Replace the fuse in the fuse holder and re-install.
Re-install the cover and connect the AC power cord.
CAUTION
USE OF ANY FUSE OTHER THAN THE ONE SPECIFIED MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE UNIT, POSE A
SEVERE FIRE HAZARD, AND WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
AC INPUT POWER CONNECTION
WARNING
JJJJJJ
Disconnect AC power from the instrument before removing the cover. Even with the front panel power switch in the
OFF position, live line voltages are exposed when the cover is removed and the AC cord is attached. Repairs must be
made by experienced service technicians only.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 48
NOTE: REMOVING THE TOP COVER OR DISASSEMBLING THE UNIT WILL VOID THE WARRANTY.
WARNING
JJJJJJ
There is a potential shock hazard if the electronic load chassis and cover are not connected to an electrical ground via the
safety ground in the AC input connector. Ensure that the electronic load is connected to a grounded AC outlet with the
recommended AC input connector configured for the available line voltage.
AC INPUT CONNECTOR AND VOLTAGE SELECTION
CAUTION
To prevent damage to the electronic load, turn off AC power to the unit before changing from one AC input voltage range
to another. Example 115Vac to 230Vac.
eLOAD series has an auto range selection function. This function allows you to connect to either low or high AC input
voltage without making any adjustment to the unit.
AC INPUT CORD
WARNING
JJJJJJ
The AC input cord is the disconnect device for the electronic load. The plug must be readily identifiable to the operator.
The input cord must be no longer than 3 m (9.84 feet).
The AC input cord we recommend is specified in Table 2.3, “AC Cord Specification”.
If you require a special cord, call our sales representative.
TABLE 2.3 AC CORD SPECIFICATION
WIRE SIZE
TYPE OF CONDUCTOR
DIMENSIONS AWG
16/3
SJT
18/3
SJT
RATINGS
LENGTH (feet)
105°C
6
105°C
6
LOAD WIRING
To select wiring for connecting the load to the electronic load, consider the following factors:
•
•
•
•
Insulation rating of the wire
Current carrying capacity of the wire
Maximum load wiring length for operation with sense lines
Noise and impedance effects of the load lines
CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY: As a minimum, load wiring must have a current capacity greater than the output
current rating of the power supply. This ensures that the wiring will not be damaged even if the load is shorted. Table 2.4
shows the maximum current rating, based on 450 A/cm², for various gauges of wire rate for 105°C operations. Operate at
the maximum current rating results in an approximately 30°C temperature rise for a wire operating in free air. Where
load wiring must operate in areas with elevated ambient temperatures or bundled with other wiring, use larger gauges or
wiring rated for higher temperature.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 49
TABLE 2.4 CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY FOR LOAD WIRING
WIRE SIZE (AWG)
MAXIMUM CURRENT (A)
2/0
303
1/0
247
1
192
2
155
4
97
6
61
8
36
10
21
12
16
14
10
M470039-01 REV B
Page 50
REAR PANEL INLET AND OUTPUT PIPE INSTALLATION (For PLW Rack/Cabinet Only)
Inlet
Pressure
Release
Outlet
Drain
For PLW models greater than 4U height, unit will be ship in a cabinet with a pre-installed manifold system. Rear Panel
diagram above illustrates positions of the cooling water inlet and outlet pipe as well as the drain faucet and pressure
release faucet. Before filling the Load Bank with water, carefully read the following paragraphs for correct flow rate,
water flow direction, and water pressure.
WARNING
JJJJJJ
Ensure the correct water flow direction and flow rate is set. Improper settings will extensively affect the power module
heat dissipation capability. At all time, do not exceed the inlet water flow pressure limits and water pipe pressure
specifications in order to prevent leakage or water pipe rupture.
Refer to the specification for pipe size, proper water flow rate and pressure limit for inlet
water.
INLET WATER
Refer to attached drawing of Rear Panel diagram for the position of the inlet water pipe located in the bottom left center
of the cabinet. Properly tighten the pipe with the correct wrench and do not over tighten the pipe causing damage to the
threads.
Note: 150 micron filtration is recommended.
OUTLET WATER
Refer to attached drawing of Rear Panel diagram for the position of the outlet water pipe located in the bottom right
corner of the cabinet. Properly tighten the pipe with the correct wrench and do not over tighten the pipe causing damage
to the threads.
WATER PRESSURE
Before applying water to the Load Bank, separately turn-off the drain faucet (clockwise direction) and pressure release
faucet (clockwise direction). Gradually let the water flow and check for any leaks in the pipe and lines. If any leaks are
found, relieve the pressure and tighten the pipe connector immediately with the proper tool.
Note: The load must have water flow in order to work properly and the water pressure must be less than 80 PSI.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 51
RECOMMENDED WATER PIPING INSTALLATION FOR PLW SERIES
Water Switch – A
Pressure Meter
150 micron filter
INLET
WATER
I
PLW Series
O
OUTLET
WATER
Water Switch – B
Flow Meter
FIGURE 2.2 RECOMMENED PIPING AND COOLANT INSTALLATION
Important Precautions:
1.
PLW height
2U
4U
> 4U
Pipe Size
3/8” NPT
½” NPT
check model datasheet
2. It is recommended that the system be check for water leaks before operation.
a. Check for water leaks by closing Water Switch – B.
b. Then opening Water Switch – A.
c. Turn the Load’s power ON and check for leaks (the power of the PLW must be ON in
order for water flow into the load).
3. Flow Meter’s inlet and outlet should be equal or greater than PLW pipe size.
4. Install a 150-micron filter at the water inlet.
5. Water pressure must be less than 80 PSI in order for the valve to work properly.
6. Never allow to flow from outlet to inlet.
7. Water temperature should be between 5ºC and 30ºC.
8. Use only non-corrosive type of liquid for cooling with a neutral pH level of 7.
(We suggest using distilled or de-ionized water)
9. Water viscosity must be greater than 50 CST.
Important Note: Please refer to Appendix B for Heat Sink Temperature VS. GPM Curve to help determine the
GPM level for your system
M470039-01 REV B
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COOLANT WITH ANTI-FREEZE (GLYCOL) PRECAUTIONS
Cooling liquids containing Anti-Freeze (Glycol) will decrease the thermal efficiency of the PLW cooling
system by reducing the cooling efficiency and increasing the viscosity of the coolant. To counteract the
lowered heat dissipation, the GPM must be increased to maintain proper cooling of the system. Please refer to
table 2.5 for a detailed chart explaining the relationship between GPM, Glycol level and Power De-rating.
Increased glycol levels will affect the power handling capability of the unit, please consult the chart carefully.
Glycol Level
Power Derated
10%
0%
0%
1.5 GPM
10%
2 GPM
1.5 GPM
20%
2.5 GPM
2 GPM
1.5 GPM
30%
3 GPM
2.5 GPM
2 GPM
1.5 GPM
3 GPM
2.5 GPM
2 GPM
1.5 GPM
3 GPM
2.5 GPM
2 GPM
40%
50%
20%
30%
40%
50%
1.5 GPM
GPM Level Based on PLW 6KW Model @ 15°C Cooling Liquid
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LOAD WIRING LENGTH FOR OPERATION WITH SENSE LINES
For applications that use remote sensing, you must limit the voltage drop across each source line. We recommend that
you use the larger load wiring or ensure a smaller voltage drop (1V typical max.) along the wire, although the remote
sensing will compensate for voltage drops up to 1% of VMAX in each line. Please see the following table:
Max Rated Voltage
100 V
200 V
300 V
400 V
500 V
600 V
700 V
800 V
Max Voltage Drop Compensation
1V
2V
3V
4V
5V
6V
7V
8V
TABLE 2.5 VOLTAGE DROP COMPENSATION
NOISE AND IMPEDANCE EFFECTS
To minimize noise pickup or radiation, use shielded pair wiring or shortest possible length for source wires. Connect the
shield to the chassis via a rear panel mounting screw. Where shielding is impossible or impractical, simply twisting the
wires together will offer some noise immunity. When using local sense connections, the user must use the largest
practical wire size to minimize the effects of load line impedance on the regulation of the load.
LOAD CONNECTIONS
The electronic load is designed with an air-cooling/water-cooling system that provides airflow/water flow through the
heat sink to remove the heat generated by the Power MOSFETs. To obtain efficient heat exchange rate between heat sink
and power MOSFETs, the user needs to follow the instruction outlined below to ensure the heat is removed from heat
sink properly to prevent excess heat from accumulating in the power module. Under high power handling applications or
increased temperature operation, heat dissipation becomes a key factor in determining the reliability of the overall unit.
INPUT TERMINAL
CAUTION
For the safety of personnel and to prevent electrical shock due to high voltage, do not come in contact or obstruct the
input terminals. Refer to the next page diagram, for the location of the input terminals.
Observe the maximum current handling capability of the power cables from DUT to the Load Bank. Please refer to Table
2.4 for higher current rating cables. Observe the maximum input current and voltage of the terminals. Do not underrate
the cable, excessive current will cause the temperature to increase and cause melting of the insulation rubber of the
terminal and cable insulation sleeves resulting in input cable shorts.
For the high current applications, large diameter power cables are necessary to prevent load oscillation. The power cables
should be as short as possible to reduce inductance from the power cable and cause oscillation between power sources and
the load unit.
INPUT TERMINAL CONNECTOR
WARNING
JJJJJJ
M470039-01 REV B
Page 54
There is a shock hazard at the load when using an electronic load with a rated output greater than 40V. To protect
personnel against contact with hazardous voltages, ensure that the load, including connections, has no live parts, which
are accessible. Also ensure that the insulation rating of the source wiring and circuitry is greater than or equal to the
maximum output voltage of the electronic load.
CAUTION
When making connections to the bus bars. Ensure that each terminal’s mounting hardware and wiring assembly are
placed to avoid touching the other terminal and shorting the electronic load input. Heavy connecting cables must have
some form of strain relief to avoid loosening the connections or bending the bus bars.
LOCAL SENSE CONFIGURATION
When the Electronic Load is strapped for local sensing, an unavoidable voltage drop is incurred in the load leads and this
adds to the load regulation. Hence, local sensing is usually used in applications where the lead lengths are relatively short
or load regulation is not critical.
Local or remote sense can be set by accessing: MENU LOAD
CONTROL REMOTE SENSE LOCAL and pressing enter button to confirm.
To meet safety requirement, load wire size should be large enough to carry electric current of the source to the Electronic
Load without overheating. Stranded, copper wires are recommended. The wires should be large enough to limit the
voltage drop to less than 1V per lead. Refer to Table 2.4 for proper wire size selection. Input wire connections are made
to the "+" and "-" terminals on the rear panel of the Load.
USE THE LARGEST GAUGE,
LOWEST INDUCTANCE AND
SHORTEST LENGTH POSSIBLE
PROGRAMMING
ELECTRONIC
LOAD
DC Power Supply
_
(-)
–
+
(+)
+
FIGURE 2.3 LOCAL SENSE CONFIGURATIONS
WARNING
JJJJJJ
To protect personnel against accidental contact with hazardous voltages, ensure that the load, including connections, have
no live parts, which are accessible. Also ensure that the insulation rating of the load wiring and circuitry is greater than or
equal to the maximum input voltage of the electronic load.
WARNING
Never touch the input terminal when your hands are wet. Dry your hands first before operate the instrument.
M470039-01 REV B
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REMOTE SENSE CONFIGURATION
CAUTION
Turn off the electronic load before making any connections on the rear panel terminal block.
In remote sense operation, the electronic load senses the input at output terminals of the source. As shown in figure 2.3,
the remote sense terminals of the Load are connected to the output of the source. Remote sensing compensates for the
voltage drop in applications that require long leads. It is useful in any operating mode requiring accurate voltage read
back. Load leads should be bundled or tied together to minimize inductance.
Note: Use the largest gauge size, lowest inductance and shortest possible length for the sources line.
PROGRAMMING
ELECTRONIC LOAD
DC Power Supply
_
–
(-) Sense Pin – 2 at External Programming Port
+
+
(+) Sense Pin – 1 at External Programming Port
FIGURE 2.4 REMOTE SENSE CONFIGURATIONS
PARALLEL CONNECTIONS
The electronic loads can be connected in parallel to increase power dissipation and allow current sharing. Numerous
Electronic Loads can be directly paralleled in CC or CRM or CP mode, with the proper setup and configuration. Parallel
operation in all operating modes is recommended when using the external control port to send in an in-sync external
control signal. By utilizing an external control signal and ensuring all eLOAD are identical in model, operating range and
mode; synchronized parallel eLOAD operation can be achieved, providing optimized performance and results. As a rule
of thumb, parallel Load Bank operation is for current sharing amongst a number of loads, to ease the over power
restrictions of a single load. In short, parallel operation increases the power handling capability for high current and high
voltage applications. Each Electronic Load will dissipate the power it has been programmed for. If two Electronic Loads
are connected in parallel, with Load 1 programmed for 10 A and Load 2 programmed for 15 A, the total current drawn
from the source is 25 A. In another scenario, if Load 1 is programmed for 0.5 ohm and Load 2 is programmed for 0.5
ohm, the total equivalent resistance of the two paralleled Loads is 0.25 ohm. eLOAD (with firmware version 2.86 or
later) offers an advance control of parallel operation; please refer to Appendix B section 11 for “Master-Slave Parallel
Operation” step-by-step procedures and important details.
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PROGRAMMING
ELECTRONIC
LOAD
–
DC Power Supply
+
(+)
+
PROGRAMMING
ELECTRONIC
LOAD
_
(-)
–
+
FIGURE 2.5 PARALLEL CONFIGURATION
TRIGGER OPERATION
Figure 2.5 depicts the method of triggering the Electronic Loads. The TRIGOUT signal of the Electronic Load is
connected to the Trigger input of the DMM. Additional instruments can be daisy chained to a DMM in the same manner.
Once the preset settings of the instruments have been programmed, one trigger signal can simultaneously set all
instruments to their transient settings.
Note: Trigger Operation is Negative-Edge Triggered
OSCILLOSCOPE
Programming Electronic Load
(Trig-in) Pin – 10 at External Programming Port
(Trig-out) Pin – 11 at External Programming Port
XT in
XT out
– Input +
(-)
XT out
(+)
XT in
DMM
–
+
DEVICE UNDER TEST
M470039-01 REV B
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FIGURE 2.6 TRIGGER CONFIGURATION
ZERO-VOLT LOADING CONNECTION
The Electronic Load can be connected in series with voltage sources that can accommodate the minimum operating
voltage and line voltage drop so the Electronic Load can test the devices at its full current capacity down to a zero-volt
level.
Important Notes:
1. The boost power supply used for Zero-Volt Load Operation must handle up to the maximum operating current of
the application.
2. The power rating of the Load Bank will decrease based on the amount of power dissipated at the boost power
supply.
3. A protective diode rated for the maximum operating current of the application will need to be placed across the
power terminals of the DUT.
4. A boost power supply with minimal noise specification is recommended for zero-volt load operation.
FIGURE 2.7 ZERO-VOLTS LOADING
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THREE: LOCAL OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
The programmable electronic load provides powerful control capabilities, which consist of four operating modes
CV/CC/CR/CP. To complement and enhance these features, an internal transient generator is provided to simulate
dynamic operations. The Transient operation provides three programmable features, Transient frequency, Transient duty
cycle, and Transient slew rate. These features provide the user with precise and efficient control of the powerful eLOAD
to handle the most diverse array of testing applications.
The programmable electronic load provides additional functions and capabilities, such as 256 point step programmable in
four user defined profiles, Cross Mode and Cross Range Operation and Short Operation. For battery testing, we provide
the “C” operand to help user in testing battery parameters without troublesome calculations.
The wide range of operating modes, accurate specifications, and advanced features provide the electronic load with
increased flexibility to work with different types of DUT and power source. Protection features such as Programmable
OVP, OCP, OPP, redundant OTP and hardware OP Protection are provided to protect the electronic load under different
load conditions. Please refer to the specifications to check the maximum input current, voltage, and power range in order
to safely test and obtain the best results.
Note: Protection Mode will shut off the Load Bank input, please take the necessary precaution.
VOLTAGE AND CURRENT METERING INFORMATION
The programmable electronic load uses a DAC with a guaranteed 14-bit resolution in the metering system and is active
once the unit is turn on. With sophisticated control circuits, the load can measure full-scale input voltages and currents
with Auto-Scaling capability. For example, when low voltages levels are applied, the display's decimal point will move
to accurately display the lower value. The same is true for the larger input values, the decimal will move to accurately
display the higher value. Refer to the Specifications for more programming and read back information.
OPERATING STATUS INFORMATION
All operating status information will be displayed when they become active. For example, when the Overvoltage is tripped, the LCD module will display OVP.
SYMBOL
TYPE
DESCRIPTIONS
----------------------------------------------------UNR
WARNING
unregulated
OVP
ALARM
over voltage protection
UVP
ALARM
under voltage protection
OCP
ALARM
over current protection
UCP
ALARM
under current protection
OPP
ALARM
over power protection
UPP
ALARM
under power protection
OTP
ALARM
over temperature protection
UTT
WARNING
under temperature protection
OSC
ALARM
oscillation
LV
WARNING
low voltage
OV
ALARM
over voltage
OC
ALARM
over current
OP
ALARM
over power
RCP
ALARM
reverse current protection
RSF
ALARM
remote sense fault
UVL
WARNING
under voltage lockout
M470039-01 REV B
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INT
ALARM
interlock
WARNING
Do not deliberately try to trip the OVP circuit on when performing battery-testing applications. When an Over-voltage
condition occurs, the electronic load will try to sink more current in order to drop the input voltage source. In other
words, the input source is supplying more power than the electronic load is capable of handling. By trying to trip the
Over-voltage circuit, you may severely damage both the input source and the load.
LOCAL AND GPIB OPERATION INFORMATION
When the programmable electronic load is first turned on, the LCD will display LCL for local communication (via
keypad). When the electronic load is communicating via GPIB, USB, Ethernet or RS-232 remote control operation, the
LCD module will display GPIB/ETHER/RS-232/USB to inform the user that the keypad is disabled and the load is being
controlled remotely. Pressing the LOCAL key will change status from remote access to local operation.
MODE MENU OPERATION AND RANGE SETTING
The eLOAD provides a wide range of input operating modes CV/CC/CR/CP and range operation (Manual Low/Manual
Middle/Manual High/Automatic). The user is capable of activating any mode during the operation of the unit; however,
careful attention needs to be adhered to prior to entering the programming values for each operating mode and correct
range.
WARNING
The Mode HOT Keys play an important role in switching operating mode (CV, CC, CR, and CP) and the “Range”
selection key allows easy range switching from manual (all ranges) to auto. By switching to other modes/range, the input
will shut off. A cross mode and cross range feature is offered on the eLOAD that will keep the input on when switching
between different modes and ranges. An important precaution is to make sure the proper settings are utilized for the
designated range. For example, if a PLA800-120-150 eLOAD is operating in CCH mode at 100A, and the mode is
crossed over to CPL, the input will shut off and display “OC”. The reason for the protection shutdown is due to the
maximum current in CPL is 15A, and 100A in that range is too high. To prevent from protection shutdown of the
eLOAD, ensure proper voltage and current settings before using the cross mode and cross range feature.
TO SELECT THE MANUAL MODE AND RANGE, SIMPLY FOLLOW THE PROCEDURE:
1.
Press the Range key, and use the encoder to select between manual low, manual middle, manual high or
automatic. Select manual low and press enter.
2.
Select the desired mode by pressing the corresponding hot key. Press the CC hot key.
3.
Now the operating range is CC mode in low range.
TO SELECT THE AUTOMATIC MODE AND RANGE, SIMPLY FOLLOW THE PROCEDURE:
Example: If 300A is maximum current = high range, then 30A = low range.
1.
Press the Range key, and use the encoder to select between manual low, manual middle, manual high or
automatic. Select automatic and press enter.
2.
Select the desired mode by pressing the corresponding hot key. Press the CC hot key.
M470039-01 REV B
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3.
Now the operating range is CC mode in automatic range.
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MAIN LEVEL LOCAL OPERATION
There are three levels of operations: MAIN level, TRANSIENT level and TRIGGERED level. The MAIN level operation
and its associated set of values are for static operation. TRANSIENT and TRIGGERED operations are for various types
of dynamic applications.
The main level programming values for the four different operating modes are entered in the same manner; the difference
is the unit of measurement for each operating mode. For example CV mode is in V (Voltage) unit, CC mode is in A
(Amps) unit, CR mode is in Ω (Ohm) unit and CP mode is in W (Watts) unit.
The CV, CC, CP and CR modes have more than one operating range. The low ranges provide better resolution for low
settings. Each mode’s range is selected by pressing the “RANGE” key. See example below.
Example 1.
1. Press the “CC” Hot Key. Select the programming range by pressing “Range,” and turn the encoder to the desired
range (set to low range). Let’s assume main level programming value indicates 10 amps, in the low range. Try to set
the programming value to 15.0 Amps.
2. Press and hold the encoder and wait for a numerical key entry for a new value. On the second line of the LCD module
the following format will be displayed: CURR = 10.000A
3. Enter the following numerical key sequence “1”, “5”, “.” and “0” or another current value below the max rated current.
4. If the number that was entered is not correct, then press the “CLEAR” key to erase the wrong entry and repeat step 3.
5. Press the “ENTER” key to complete the entry operation.
6. If the entered value is over the maximum rating of the current range, then the eLOAD LCD will display “Overflow”,
and allow the user to enter another value. Either change the entered value to a number that is within the current range
or select the correct range by pressing the RANGE key as indicated in step 1.
Example 2.
1. Assume that the eLOAD is in the CP mode and main level programming value indicates 40 Watts. Try to set the
programming value up to 50.0 Watts.
2. Press the “CP” Hot Key. Select the programming range by pressing “Range,” and turn the encoder to the desired
range (set to low range). Press and hold the encoder and wait for a numerical key entry for a new value. On the
second line of the LCD module the following format will be displayed: POWER = 40 W
3. Enter the following numerical key sequence “5”, “0”, “.” and “0”.
4. If the number that was entered is not correct, then press the “CLEAR” key to erase the wrong entry and repeat step 3.
5. Press the “ENTER” key to complete the entry operation.
6. If the entered value is over the maximum rating of the power range, then the eLOAD LCD will display “Overflow”,
and allow the user to enter another value. Either change the entered value to a number that is within the current range
or select the correct range by pressing the RANGE key as indicated in step 1.
After the entry steps have been completed, the new main level programming values will immediately be in effect and the
eLOAD will return to the metering mode.
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ENCODER OPERATION
BUTTON or
SETTING
ENCODER
ACTION
Main Level Setting
Screen in Main Value
Edit Mode
Press & Hold
Main Level Setting
Screen With Input On
PEAK Hot Key Pressed
DUTY Hot Key Pressed
Tap
Decrement Value
Increment Value
Press & Hold
Modify/Enter Value
Tap
Modify/Enter Value
Rotate Left
Decrement Value (real-time)
Rotate Right
Increment Value (real-time)
Press & Hold
Change Input Value
Tap
Decrement Value
Rotate Right
Increment Value
Press & Hold
Modify/Enter Value
Rotate Right
Press & Hold
Tap
Rotate Right
Press & Hold
Tap
STEP Button Pressed
Change Decimal Position
Decrement Value
Increment Value
Make Selection/Modify/Enter Value
Change Decimal Position
Scroll Through Selection/Increment
Value
Scroll Through Selection/Decrement
Value
Select Menu Option
Exit to Previous Menu
Rotate Left
Scroll Through Selection
Rotate Right
Scroll Through Selection
Press & Hold
Select Mode & Range Type
Tap
Select Mode & Range Type
Rotate Left
Scroll Through Selection
Rotate Right
Scroll Through Selection
Press & Hold
Make Selection/Modify/Enter Value
Tap
Change Decimal Position
Scroll Through Selection/Increment
Value
Scroll Through Selection/Decrement
Value
Rotate Left
Rotate Right
M470039-01 REV B
Change Decimal Position
Rotate Left
Rotate Left
RANGE Button
Pressed
Change Decimal Position
Rotate Left
Rotate Left
MENU Button Pressed
Change Input Value
Rotate Right
Tap
SLEW Hot Key Pressed
FUNCTION
Page 63
MENU FUNCTION
The MENU function allows the user to set the different system configurations such as GPIB, Stepping, Max/Min setting,
Protection, and Calibration. The vast array of features and configurations allow the eLOAD to accommodate different
situations or testing configurations. The Local/Menu function is the start of the tree structure, which enables the user to
branch.
Press MENU key:
* (Use
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu).
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
(A: LOAD CONTROL
E: AUTHENTICATE)
B: PROFILE
C: DISPLAY
D: SYSTEM
A: Load Control Menu - press ENTER key:
*Turn the encoder
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu.
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
1: STEP PARAM.
2: MEASURE SENSE
3: PORT 0
4: EXT. CONTROL
5: SHORT
CONTROL
6: CROSS MODE
7: CROSS RANGE
8: TRIGGER
9: PROTECTION
10: MAX/MIN LIMIT
11: CAL PARAM.
12: OSCILLATE
13: BOOT INPUT
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
STEP PARAM.------- press ENTER key, use
infinite)
MEASURE SENSE--press ENTER key, use
PORT0 ----------------press ENTER key, use
EXT. CONTROL-----press ENTER key, use
SHORT CONTROL--press ENTER key, use
CROSS MODE-------press ENTER key, use
CROSS RANGE----- press ENTER key, use
TRIGGER-------------press ENTER key, use
DELAY (in milli-second), then press ENTER.
to select number of Step COUNT then press ENTER. (0
to select LOCAL / REMOTE sense then press ENTER.
to enables or disables digit port the press ENTER.
to select ON / OFF then press ENTER.
to select ON / OFF then press ENTER.
to select INPUT OFF / INPUT REMAIN then press ENTER.
to select INPUT OFF / INPUT REMAIN then press ENTER.
to select Source (Held, BUS, EXTERNAL, ETHERNET) /
PROTECTION--------press ENTER key,
1: OV PROTECTION
2: UV PROTECTION
3: OC PROTECTION
4: UC PROTECTION
5: OP PROTECTION
6: UP PROTECTION
7: V-ON CONTROL
1. OV PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
2. UV PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
3. OC PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
4. UC PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
5. OP PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
6. UP PROTECTION--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/LIMIT/DELAY then press ENTER.
7. V-ON CONTROL--------------press ENTER key, input the STATE/V-ON THRESHOLD then press ENTER.
10. MAX/MIN LIMIT---press ENTER key,
1: MAX VOLTAGE
MAX RESISTOR
M470039-01 REV B
2: MIN VOLTAGE
6: MIN RESISTOR
3: MAX CURRENT
4: MIN CURRENT
7: MAX POWER
8: MIN POWER
5:
Page 64
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
MAX VOLTAGE--------press ENTER key, input the maximum voltage then press ENTER
MIN VOLTAGE ---------press ENTER key, input the minimum voltage then press ENTER.
MAX CURRENT--------press ENTER key, input the maximum current then press ENTER.
MIN CURREN-----------press ENTER key, input the minimum current then press ENTER.
MAX RESISTANCE----press ENTER key, input the maximum resistance then press ENTER
MIN RESISTANCE-----press ENTER key, input the minimum resistance then press ENTER
MAX POWER----------- press ENTER key, input the maximum power then press ENTER
MIN POWER------------ press ENTER key, input the minimum power then press ENTER
11. CAL. PARAM.-----press ENTER key, input the MEASURE LOW/ MEASURE HIGH / TRAN. OFFSET, then
press ENTER.
1: LOW MEAS POINT
2: HIGH MEAS POINT
3: TRANS OFFSET
1: LOW MEASURE POINT--press ENTER key, set the low measure count value then press ENTER.
2: HIGH MEASURE POINT-press ENTER key, set the high measure count value then press ENTER.
3: TRANSIENT OFFSET---- press ENTER key, set the transient offset count then press ENTER.
12. OSCILLATE-------press ENTER key, select the OSC. CONTROL/ OSC. DELAY, then press ENTER.
13. BOOT INPUT--------press ENTER key, use
to select ON / OFF then press ENTER.
B: Profile Menu - press ENTER key:
*Use
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu.
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
1: RECALL
1.
2.
3.
2: SAVE
3: RESET
RECALL----------press ENTER key, use
to select the profile 0/1/2/3 then press ENTER to recall.
SAVE----------press ENTER key, use
to select the profile 0/1/2/3 then press ENTER to save.
RESET---------press ENTER key, then press ENTER to reset.
C: Display Menu - press ENTER key:
*Use
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu.
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
1: Meter Mode
2: ‘C’ Value
1. METER MODE---press ENTER key, use
to select display mode (V+I, V+P, V+C, V+R, I+P, I+C, I+R,
R+P, R+C, P+C, V+T, I+T, R+T, P+T, C+T) then press ENTER.
2. ‘C’ Value------press ENTER key, then input the C value in Ampere.
D: System Menu - press ENTER key:
*Use
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu.
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
1: GPIB ADDRESS
6: PANEL LOCK
2: RS-232 SPEED
7: ETHERNET
1. GPIB ADDRESS--press ENTER key, use
2. RS-232 SPEED----press ENTER key, use
3. SYNTAX MODE--press ENTER key, use
M470039-01 REV B
3: SYNTAX MODE
4: EOS CODE
5: BUZZER
to set the GPIB address ( 0 – 31 ) then press ENTER.
to set the BAUD RATE ( 2400 – 115200 ) then press ENTER.
select the syntax mode (PEL or PLW/PLA) then press ENTER
Page 65
4.
5.
6.
7.
EOS CODE----------press ENTER key, use
BUZZER-----------press ENTER key, use
PANEL LOCK
ETHERNET-------press ENTER key, use
to set end of interface code then press ENTER.
to select ON / OFF then press ENTER.
to select ADRESS/NETMASK/GATEWAY; press ENTER.
E: Authenticate Menu - press ENTER key:
*Use
to select the next menu setting then press ENTER key to enter the selected menu.
* (Use CLEAR key to back space or to correct the wrong value).
1: SERIAL NO.
2: INTERFACE
3: CODE
1. SERIAL NO.----------press ENTER key. Serial NO. should start with 000B87xxxxxx.
2. INTERFACE------press ENTER key. GPIB/ETHER/USB should be display according to customer’s order.
3. CODE--------------press ENTER key, Input the code from AMETEK, then press ENTER.
LOAD CONTROL MENU
STEP PARAMETERS
Selects the number of Step Count (0 ~ 65535 & infinity) and the different Step Modes (STEP, STEP AUTO, and STEP
ONCE)
MEASURE SENSE
This feature allows selection of local sense or remote sense of voltage. Remote sense allows voltage to be measured at a
different sense point than the bus bars to prevent large voltage drops over lengthy wires. If the voltage reading between
the remote sense and bus bar differ by greater than a set threshold, Remote Sense Fault (RSF) will trigger and shutdown
the input.
Note: The eLOAD’s voltage measuring points (positive and negative) can be configured to two locations. One is from the
power input terminals called Local; the other is from the remote sense terminal block in the rear panel called Remote
(Remote option is only available in certain models). The purpose of the Remote sense is for more accurate voltage
measurement when longer cables are used (large voltage drop caused by long cables).
MEAS. BUFFER STABLE READ BACK
For AC coupled DC input signals, the read back meter may display an unstable reading. Do not be alarmed, the read back
reading update rate can be slowed down for a more stable reading. Only 8 or 16 meas. buffer setting is suggested to be
selected, to ensure the correct measurements are updated properly.
PORT 0
A general purpose output port that generates a TTL compatible signal; active high (5V) when port is on and inactive low
(0V) when port is turned off. The PORT 0 feature can be used to control external devices such as a DC Contactor or a
relay. To enable PORT 0, simply follow LOAD CONTROL PORT 0 ON.
EXTERNAL CONTROL
Basic Functionality:
The external control function allows the eLOAD’s maximum range (L/M/H) voltage, current, power and resistance to be
scaled from 0 to 10 Volts. The external voltage signal will control the eLOAD to operate at the corresponding
current/voltage/resistance/power. Please see the table below for further details.
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Note: AMETEK specifications guarantee a 0 ~ 10 V External Programming Voltage. If an application requires a
positive and negative voltage swing (VAC), the External Programming port can support up to 10 VAC ≥ Ext VAC ≥ -1
VAC..
EXT_CTRL Voltage
0V
5V
10 V
0V
5V
10 V
0V
5V
10 V
Current Range
L
L
L
M
M
M
H
H
H
Range Current Rating
6A
6A
6A
30 A
30 A
30 A
60 A
60 A
60 A
Main Curent Value
0A
3A
6A
0A
15 A
30 A
0A
30 A
60 A
Setup Diagram
+ INPUT
DUT
+S
EXT PRG
EXT GND
eLOAD
-S
Current
Shunt
-INPUT
-
10V ≥ AC Signal ≥ -1V
DMM
DMM
Function
Generator
AC + DC
FIGURE 3.2 EXTERNAL PROGRAMMING SETUP
SHORT CONTROL
Enables/Disables Short Control.
CROSS MODE
Toggles between Input Off/Input Remain. Input remain will allow input to remain on when switching modes.
CROSS RANGE
Toggles between Input Off/Input Remain. Input remain will allow input to remain on when switching ranges.
TRIGGER SOURCE
Select the trigger source for transient operation. Please refer to the following table for different trigger sources and the
available triggering methods.
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TRIGGER
SOURCE
TRIGGER INPUT
EXT_TRG_IN
EXTERNAL
BUS
ETHERNET
HOLD
*TRG
Ethernet
Command
O
X
X
X
X
O
X
X
X
X
O
X
TRIG:IMM
Command
Front
Panel
O
O
X
O
O
O
X
O
TABLE 3.1 TRIGGER INPUT SOURCE
Important Notes:
1. X = Non-functional & O = Functional
2. EXT_TRG_IN & ETHERNET triggers input through the respective interface connections
3. *TRG and TRIG:IMM are SCPI commands
PROTECTION
OV PROTECTION
OV DELAY
UV PROTECTION
UV DELAY
OC PROTECTION
OC DELAY
UC PROTECTION
UC DELAY
OP PROTECTION
OP DELAY
UP PROTECTION
UP DELAY
AMREL eLOAD provides programmable OVP/OCP/OPP and UVP/UCP/UPP over-limit and under-limit protection
capabilities. The user can program all of the protection values and delay times. Protection will be activated once the
protection mode has been tripped and then shut down the eLOAD input. The protection delay setting provides a
programmed delay time to accommodate short duration surges without inadvertently shutting the input off.
Protection Sub-Menu Navigation: Press the "Menu/Local" key then turn the
encoder to select the PROTECTION
function then the "ENTER" key. Turn the
encoder to select the appropriate protection or delay function by pressing
the "ENTER key to display the current value. Press the "ENTER" key to edit or enter the new value then press the
“ENTER” key to confirm entry. Press the “CLEAR” key to exit from the PROTECTION MODE sub-menu.
V-ON (Under Voltage Lockout): To prevent the eLOAD from operating under unstable conditions such as voltages
below the minimum operating voltage, the V-On Protection feature can be utilized. The V-On protection will force the
input to remain off until the V-On voltage threshold is exceeded, the purpose is to ensure sufficient voltage is delivered to
the eLOAD for normal operation. When operating under strict turn-on sequences, such as sending power via a power
supply into an eLOAD with the input already turned on, current overshoot, bounce or ringing may occur. As a
recommendation for improved performance without changing the turn-on sequence, the V-On threshold can be increased
to a voltage closer to the application’s operating voltage and the V-On detection mode changed to “Continuous”. By
making the necessary adjustments, both the DUT and eLOAD can operate under stable conditions to avoid irregular
results. To achieve best results, the V-On Voltage should be set to a level higher than the stabilizing voltage of the power
supply or DUT, and higher than the eLOAD’s minimum operating voltage. Please refer to “Protection Feature” in section
one for a detailed explanation of the different V-On modes.
Fault Signal: Each time a protection fault triggers, the Fault pin becomes active TTL high. When this occurs, the
appropriate bits in the status register are set and the fault signal is latched. The status bits will remain set until the
electronic load is reset via the GPIB or RS232 (*RST command) or at the front panel (CLEAR key). The condition that
caused the protection feature to trip must be corrected or the load will turn off again.
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Note: Because the protection is done through software, the response time for the delay trip time must be set to at least
50ms for each protection feature. Otherwise the load may not reset correctly if the trip delay time is too short.
MAX/MIN SETTING FUNCTION
To change the values, press the "Menu/Local" key press Enter, then use the
keys to select the Max/Min Limit
function then the "ENTER" key. Use
keys to select the appropriate Min/Max setting by pressing the "ENTER key.
The LCD will display the current value, press the "ENTER" key to enter a new value and press the “ENTER” key to
confirm entry. Press “CLEAR” key to escape the Max/Min Setting MODE.
The following are special eLOAD MAX/MIN settings that can be programmed to prevent erroneous value entry for
specific applications or special power sources that are sensitive to inappropriate operating values.
MAX VOLTAGE - Max V
MIN VOLTAGE - 0.000V
MAX CURRENT - Max A
MIN CURRENT - 0.0000 A
MAX RESISTANCE - Max OHM
MIN RESISTANCE - 0.00 OHM
MAX POWER - Max W
MIN POWER - 0.00 W
CALIBRATION PARAMETERS
Please refer to “SECTION 5. CALIBRATION”.
OSCILLATE
This function selects between DISABLE/OSC3/OSC2/OSC1/Default System Bandwidth Settings. OSC3 & OSC2 have a
slower transient time range and slower bandwidth and OSC1 & Default have a faster transient time range and wider
bandwidth.
OSC DETECTION DISABLE AND DELAY FEATURES
For applications that utilize non-pure DC output power to the eLOAD input, the OSC detection can be disabled by
selecting the “DISABLE” menu choice. The OSC Protection Delay can be increased to 10 seconds for applications that
require a buffer to avoid false protection trigger. Please refer to the menu tree for detailed selection procedures
BOOT INPUT
Boot Input allows the input to be automatically turned on once the unit is powered on. By default, Boot Input is
deactivated.
LOAD PROFILE MENU
The profile menu allows 4 different profiles (0~3) to save all current load configurations. As a factory default, profile 0
& 3 are our factory default profile and profile 1 is our syntax profile.
DISPLAY MENU
Display Mode:
V + I (Voltage + Current)
V + P (Voltage + Power)
I + C (Current + “C” operand)
P + C (Power +“C” operand)
R + P (Resistance + Power)
V + T (Voltage + Temperature)
R + T (Resistance + Temperature)
C + T (“C” operand + Temperature)
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V + C (Voltage + “C” operand)
V + R (Voltage + Resistance)
I + P (Current + Power)
I + R (Current + Resistance)
R + C (Resistance + “C” operand)
I + T (Current + Temperature)
P + T (Power + Temperature)
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The LCD display module of the eLOAD can be configured to the different measuring combinations.
Press the "Menu/Local" key. Turn the encoder
to select the Display, and then press the "ENTER" key and turn the
encoder
to select the desired function. Press the “ENTER” key to confirm the selection. Press “CLEAR” key to
escape the Display Mode.
C OPERAND FOR BATTERY TESTING
“C” Value:
1.0000A
The eLOAD provides the “C” operand. This is especially useful for battery testing applications that use “C” as the battery
capacity unit. The user can avoid troublesome calculations by monitoring and testing the battery directly. After the user
changes the display combination to V + C, all current values entered and/or measured will be in “C” automatically. The
Current value will be scaled according to its value in C units, for example if a “C” value of 10 A is entered, a main value
setting of 20 A will be represented as 2 C.
Press the "Menu/Local" key, select display mode and then press ENTER. Turn the encoder
to select the "C" value.
Press the "ENTER" key, input the desired value, and then press "ENTER". Then Press “CLEAR” to exit the “C” operand
mode.
SYSTEM FUNCTIONS MENU
To enter a value for a particular function, please follow the correct key sequence indicated under the System Menu above.
Press the "Menu/Local" to enter the main menu tree then turn the encoder
keys to select the System Menu. Then
press the “ENTER” and turn the encoder
to further select the next level of commands. Press the Enter key to
confirm the selection.
You can press the "Clear” key repeatedly or the “Local” key at any time to exit the function or mode level.
GPIB FUNCTION
The eLOAD provides the GPIB/SCPI interface control capability. The following are user configurable GPIB options:
PRIMARY ADDR:
0 → 31
Primary address for GPIB interface has a range from 0 to 31.
Press the "Menu/Local" key then turn the encoder
to select the System function, and select GPIB Address then press
the "ENTER" key. Turn the encoder
to select the PRIMARY ADDR function by pressing enter, turn the encoder
to increase or decrease the GPIB address, then press the “ENTER” key to confirm the value. The number displayed
with the "◄" annunciated behind it is the currently selected GPIB address. Press the “CLEAR” to escape the Primary
ADDR mode. eLOAD needs to be restart in order to synchronize the change.
RS-232 FUNCTION
The eLOAD provides an RS-232 interface for remote control. To save setup time for the RS-232 interface configuration,
the eLOAD has default settings for parity check bit, data length, and stop bit.
Default settings:
Data Length: 8 bits
Handshake: Xon/Xoff
Parity Check bit: No Parity
Stop Bit: 1 bit
BAUD RATE: 2400/4800//9600/19200/38400/57600/115200
The eLOAD only provide seven-baud rate settings for RS-232 communication. Press the "Menu/Local" key and use the
encoder
to select the System function (press enter), then use the encoder
to select the RS-232 function then
press the "ENTER" key twice to select BAUD RATE function. Use the encoder
to select between 2400 and 115200
then press the "ENTER key to confirm selection. Press “CLEAR” key to escape the BAUD RATE MODE.
SYNTAX MODE
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The Syntax Mode function allows a selection between PEL and PLA/PLW command sets. Please refer to “PEL &
PLW/PLA COMMAND COMPATIBILITY APPENDIX” for further information.
EOS CODE
EOS CODE:
NULL only
CR only
LF only
CR + LF
In the GPIB communication, the users can define the different End of Interface (EOS) code for each end of the data or
command.
Press the "Menu/Local" key then use the encoder
to select the System function then the "ENTER" key. Turn the
encoder
to select the EOS function then use the encoder
to scroll and select the desired EOS code method. Press
the “ENTER” key to confirm the selection. Press “CLEAR” key to escape the EOS CODE.
BUZZER
Toggles the system sounds on and off.
PANEL LOCK
This function allows the user to lock the front panel with a 6 digit numerical password. The factory default password is:
555555.
ETHERNET FUNCTION
The eLOAD provides an Ethernet programming interface. All SCPI commands are also available through Ethernet
interface. Obtaining Network Information to connect the eLOAD to the network, you only need a network cable with RJ45 connector. No transceiver is necessary. However, you need to obtain the following information from the eLOAD and
your network administrator:
1. eLOAD Ethernet MAC Address:
It’s a twelve digits string that unequally identifies the eLOAD unit. It can be obtained from the control board.
2. Network information:
1) DHCP server enabled? Yes or no.
2) eLOAD IP address: ___ . ___ . ___ . ___
3) Gateway IP address: ___ . ___ . ___ . ___
4) Subnet mask: ___ . ___ . ___ . ___
Setting the eLOAD Ethernet Parameters
You need to set the eLOAD Ethernet IP address first. The eLOAD IP address uniquely identifies the load to other
devices on the network, and is required for the eLOAD to communicate over the network.
1.
Ethernet Network settings: DHCP supported. The purpose of a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
server is to issue an IP address to a network device that requests an address.
2.
The IP address enables the device to communicate with the network. This is similar to personal computer Plug &
Play concept.
The following procedure presumes that your eLOAD has the Ethernet option and you have connected the eLOAD to
your network.
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If your network supports DHCP server, do the following:
1) Power on the eLOAD
2) Press the LOCAL key on the front panel, and rotate the encoder
to scroll to the “SYSTEM” menu option.
3) Press ENTER to select.
4) Choose “ETHERNET” and Press ENTER to select option.
5) Select “ADDRESS” and press ENTER to select option.
6) Enter the IP address as “0.0.0.0” if it is not and press ENTER.
7) Choose “NETMASK” by rotating the encoder
to scroll and press ENTER to select option.
8) Enter the value as “0.0.0.0” if it is not and press ENTER to set value.
9) Choose “GATEWAY” by rotating the encoder
to scroll and press ENTER to select.
10) Enter the default gateway IP address as “0.0.0.0” if it is not and press ENTER to set desired address.
To Exit, press LOCAL to go back to the start-up screen
Note: Because the DHCP server assigns a dynamic IP address, the value of the eLOAD IP address maybe different
each time you power on the eLOAD. However, if you intend to remotely control the eLOAD, a static IP address is
more convenient, as the eLOAD IP address does not change, making it easier for remote devices to access the
eLOAD
If your network does not support DHCP server, you must enter the Ethernet settings manually which you obtained
from your network administrator.
Note: The following procedure presumes that your eLOAD has the Ethernet option and you have connected the
eLOAD to your network.
If your network does not support DHCP server, do the following:
1) Power on the eLOAD
2) Press the LOCAL key on the front panel, and rotate the encoder
to scroll to the “SYSTEM” menu option.
3) Press ENTER to select.
4) Choose “ETHERNET” and Press ENTER to select option.
5) Select “ADDRESS” and press ENTER to select option.
6) Enter the IP address obtained from your network administrator and press ENTER.
7) Choose “NETMASK” by rotating the encoder
to scroll and press ENTER to select option.
8) Enter the value obtained from your network administrator and press ENTER.
9) Choose “GATEWAY” by rotating the encoder
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to scroll and press ENTER to select.
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10) Enter the default gateway IP address obtained from your network administrator and press ENTER
To Exit, press LOCAL to go back to the start-up screen
The Ethernet Port Number is 3000.
Please contact AMETEK Programmable Power Technical Support for any additional Ethernet Set-up
Question.
USB FUNCTION
The eLOAD also provides a USB remote interface to connect to your computer. You need to install USB driver
included in a CD-ROM shipped with your eLOAD .
After your USB driver is installed, the USB port is converted to a virtual COM port. Refer to the “Verify Installed
USB Driver using Hyper Terminal (Windows XP/2000/98)” section for detailed procedures on how to verify the
USB driver.
Windows XP USB Driver Installation Procedures
Note: You must have administrative privileges to install the USB driver
1) Connect eLOAD Unit using USB cable
2) Click on found new hardware bubble (bottom right hand corner of screen)
3) Found New Hardware Wizard installation window will pop up
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4) Select the “install from a list or specific location [Advanced]” radio button and click next to continue
5) Select the “Search for the best driver in these locations.” Radio (default) and check only the “search
removable media [floppy, CD-ROM…]” checkbox.
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6) Click next
7) The Wizard will search for the needed drivers
8) After the driver has been found, the wizard will display the “completing the Found New Hardware
Wizard” screen
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9) Click finish to complete USB driver installation
10) A pop-up balloon will notify you that the USB Serial Device is ready for use
Windows 2000 USB Driver Installation Procedures
1) Connect eLOAD using USB cable
2) A new hardware will be detected
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3) The “Found New Hardware Wizard” screen will appear
4) Click Next to continue
5) Select the “Search for suitable driver for my device (recommended)” to search for the appropriate driver
6) Click Next to continue
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7) The driver files are located in the pre-packaged CD
8) Check the “Specify a location” check box and click Next to continue
9) Select the drive corresponding to your CD-ROM, and locate the folder name “FT245VCP driver 2104
XP certified”
10) Click OK to continue
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11) The correct driver has been located, click Next to continue installation
12) Windows will check for the validity of the device driver, click Yes to continue installation
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13) Windows will copy the needed drivers to the PC
14) The above screen will appear to notify the end of the installation process and the USB Serial Port will
now function properly.
15) Click Finish to complete setup
Windows 98 USB Driver Installation Procedures
1) Connect eLOAD Unit using USB cable
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2) A new hardware will be detected
2) The “Add New Hardware Wizard” window will appear
3) Click next to continue
4) Select the “Search for the best driver for your device.” radio button, and click Next to continue
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5) Check the “Specify a location” check box and browse to select the file “FT245 VCP driver 2104 XP
certified” from your CD-ROM drive
6) Click Next to continue
7) Now the location of the driver has been set, and click next to install the driver
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8) Click Cancel and the wizard will automatically locate the needed driver
9) The drivers have been installed successfully, and now the High Speed Serial Converter will work
properly
10) Click Finish to complete the installation process
Verify Installed USB Driver using Hyper Terminal (Windows XP/2000/98)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
Enter into Device Manager window
Locate and record the “USB Serial Port” COM Port number (under ports)
Enter into hyper terminal [Start Accessories Communications Hyper Terminal]
Enter connection name, i.e. AMREL
Choose the corresponding “USB Serial Port” COM Port [To check, right click on My Computer
Properties Hardware Device Manager Ports (note the COM port the High Speed Serial Port is
connected to)]
6) Choose BPS according to the Baud Rate set on the eLOAD unit (the two baud rates have to be the
same)
7) Click Okay to connect
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8) Test any SCPI command as desired (i.e. *idn?, addr?...)
AUTHENTICATION MENU
SERIAL NUMBER
Displays the serial number/MAC Address of the eLOAD unit
INTERFACE
Displays the interfaces activated for the load unit
CODE
Field Upgradeable E-Package (Ethernet +USB) code activation, Please contact factory with serial
number/MAC Address to obtain further information.
TRANSIENT OPERATION
Amrel’s Programmable Electronic Load can facilitate testing sources and load simulation through the use of its internal
transient generator. This transient capability allows the user to determine operating specifications for instruments such as
a power supply. This capability also allows for pulse-charging a battery and for simulating battery drain or simulating an
electronic switch.
Operating in the Transient mode, the eLOAD offers 7 operating types: continuous, toggle, pulse, step, step auto, step once
and trigger. Each transient mode has a corresponding hot key, with the exception of the different STEP modes which
instead is selected from the local menu, and TRIGGER, which is remotely operated. The selected TRANSIENT
operation is initiated using the PULSE hot key. After the input is turned on, and the pulse activated, the transient
operation will begin upon receiving a trigger signal or continuous mode will activate as soon as transient (pulse) is turned
on. If any of the STEP modes is activated via the STEP hot key, then the selected STEP mode will begin once input is
on.
All Transient Modes can be selected or activated by using their designated Hot Keys. The Step function has a separate
menu for setting the step value, time, and mode selection. The front panel “TRIGGER” hot key will trigger certain
transient modes when appropriate.
For Continuous mode, once the transient operation is activated the eLOAD will switch between main level and transient
level based on the duty cycle, frequency and slew time.
For Pulse mode operation when amplitude and duration is programmed via GPIB or RS-232 bus. The trigger source
comes from GPIB or external TTL trigger.
For Trigger mode operation, the eLOAD will switch to the set triggered level once a trigger signal is received (trigger
signal via GPIB, Ethernet, External port, or Bus). The triggered level can be changed to a value greater or smaller than
the main value setting.
For Toggle mode operation, the eLOAD will toggle once between main level and transient level whenever it receives a
trigger signal from GPIB or external TTL trigger.
For Step/Step Auto/Step Once operation, the eLOAD will switch to the new value setting based on the length and value
of the programmed step.
Trigger Out signal can be cascaded via the trigger out port to multiple loads or instrument application where the user
requires synchronized triggered events, such as activating different transient values for a group of eLOAD. The trigger
out signal is a hardwired trigger signal with minimal delay.
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ENTERING TRANSIENT MODE VALUES
Example:
The test application requires the main operation to be at 25 A in CC mode and a Transient test current of 50.0 A,
Frequency of 500Hz, Slew rate of 5 ms, and a 50% Duty cycle.
1.
Set the Transient operation mode to Continuous by pressing the CONT Hot Key.
2.
Set CC mode – press the CC hot key.
3.
Set main voltage level – press and hold the encoder, the voltage value on the LCD will flash and enter 25.0 A. After
you have entered the new current value (25.0) press ENTER to confirm.
4.
Set Transient voltage value - press the PEAK hot key to enter transient voltage edit mode and view stored current
value. Press and hold the encoder and the transient current value will flash on the LCD, and enter 50.0 A. After you
have entered the new current value (50.0) press ENTER to confirm.
5.
Set transient Frequency - press the FREQUENCY hot key, tap the encoder to edit or change stored value to 500 Hz
then press ENTER to confirm.
6.
Set transient Slew rate - press the SLEW hot key and use the encoder "
to edit or change stored value to 5 ms then press ENTER to confirm.
7.
Repeat for Slew Fall Time
8.
Set transient Duty Cycle - press the DUTY hot key and tap the encoder to change the duty cycle to 50%, then press
ENTER to confirm.
9.
Press the CONT hot key to select the Continuous Transient Operation mode.
" to scroll to Rise time and tap the encoder
10. Activate the Continous Transient operation by pressing the PULSE hot key and the INPUT hot key.
The Transient condition will cycle continuously based on the rise and fall slew time until the CONT transient operation is
turned off. By changing the frequency, the transient cycle will increase or decrease in repetition based on the set value.
TRANSIENT FREQUENCY, SLEW RATE AND DUTY CYCLE PROGRAMMING
The transient frequency, slew rate and duty cycle can be programmed directly using the Hot Keys.
1. Press the “FREQ”, “SLEW” or “DUTY” hot key to access the transient frequency, slew rate and duty cycle editing
mode and LCD module will display the most current setting once the designated hot key is pressed.
2.
To change existing values to the appropriate parameter, tap the encoder to activate the edit entry mode.
3.
For Frequency editing, the LCD module will display the following:
FREQ = 1000 Hz
4.
Enter the following numerical keys “2”, “0”, “0”, “.” and “0” keys in sequence in order to change the Frequency to
200Hz.
5.
Make sure that the entered number is correct and press “ENTER” key to complete the entry operation.
6. Press “CLEAR” key to return to the metering mode. By pressing the "Clear" with no entry will display AMREL Model
number and software version.
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LOCAL TRANSIENT OPERATION
LCL Operation:
STEP Selection
MENU/LOCAL → LOAD CONTROL → STEP PARAM.
→STEP
→STEP AUTO
→STEP ONCE
OTHER TRANSIENT OPERATION SELECTIONS
Remote Only – Trigger Operation
CONT Hot Key – Continuous Operation
TOGGLE Hot Key – Toggle Operation
SINGLE Hot Key – Pulse Operation
STEP Hot Key – Step Operation
TRIGGER Hot Key – Front Panel Trigger
CONTINUOUS MODE
In continuous mode, the eLOAD input switches between 2 user defined levels; main and transient. The duty cycle and
frequency is user defined.
i
i
Transient
Level
Main
Level
t
Typical application: Testing the Load Regulation (Effect) of a power Supply, defined as the voltage change in dc output
due to a change in load current from minimal resistance (closed circuit) to maximum resistance (open circuit). The PLW
can be programmed to switch between any two current levels.
LCL Operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Using the mode hot keys, select operating mode (CC, CV, CR, CP)
Set the MAIN level by holding down the encoder and rotate to change the value or enter numerically.
Set the Transient level by pressing the “PEAK” hot key and edit the value using the encoder or enter manually.
Select Continuous transient operation by pressing the “CONT” hot key.
Set the duty cycle and frequency by pressing the “DUTY” and “FREQ” hot keys and tapping the encoder to edit
each. The duty cycle can be set from 2% to 98% and the frequency from 0.1Hz to 10 KHz. Rotate the encoder
clockwise or counterclockwise to change values or enter manually.
Set the Rising and Falling Slew Time by pressing “SLEW,” rotate the encoder to select option, tap the encoder
to edit slew time value and press “ENTER” to confirm value entry.
To begin the continuous transient operation, press the “PULSE” hot key (pulse hot key will blink) and then press
the “INPUT” hot key to activate the Continuous transient operation.
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TOGGLE MODE:
In toggle mode, the eLOAD input alternates between two user-defined input levels. Unlike transient-continuous mode,
the input only changes from one level to another, one transition at a time.
Transient
Level
Toggle
Main
Level
t
Typical Application: Testing the transient recovery time for a CV power supply. The recovery time for a power supply is
defined as the time required for the supply to settle to a predefined settling band following a change in load current caused
by an induced transient (pulse).
LCL Operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Using the mode hot keys, select operating mode (CC, CV, CR, CP)
Set the MAIN level by holding down the encoder and rotate to change the value or enter numerically.
Set the Transient level by pressing the “PEAK” hot key and edit the value using the encoder or enter manually.
Select Continuous transient operation by pressing the “TOGGLE” hot key.
Set the duty cycle and frequency by pressing the “DUTY” and “FREQ” hot keys and tapping the encoder to edit
each. The duty cycle can be set from 2% to 98% and the frequency from 0.1Hz to 10 KHz. Rotate the encoder
clockwise or counterclockwise to change values or enter manually.
Set the Rising and Falling Slew Time by pressing “SLEW,” rotate the encoder to select option, tap the encoder
to edit slew time value and press “ENTER” to confirm value entry.
To begin the continuous transient operation, press the “PULSE” hot key (pulse hot key will blink) and then press
the “INPUT” hot key to activate the Toggle transient operation.
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PULSE MODE:
In pulse mode, the eLOAD generates a pulse with a user-defined amplitude and width. The pulse width can be set from
0.5 ms to 10 seconds.
i
Transient
Level
Main
Level
Pulse Width
t
Typical Application: Testing the transient recovery time for a CV power supply. The recovery time for a power supply is
defined as the time required for the supply to settle to a predefined settling band following a change in load current caused
by an induced transient (pulse).
LCL Operation:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Using the mode hot keys, select operating mode (CC, CV, CR, CP)
Set the MAIN level by holding down the encoder and rotate to change the value or enter numerically.
Set the Transient level by pressing the “PEAK” hot key and edit the value using the encoder or enter manually.
Select Continuous transient operation by pressing the “TOGGLE” hot key.
Set the duty cycle and frequency by pressing the “DUTY” and “FREQ” hot keys and tapping the encoder to edit
each. The duty cycle can be set from 2% to 98% and the frequency from 0.1Hz to 10 KHz. Rotate the encoder
clockwise or counterclockwise to change values or enter manually.
Set the Rising and Falling Slew Time by pressing “SLEW,” rotate the encoder to select option, tap the encoder
to edit slew time value and press “ENTER” to confirm value entry.
To begin the continuous transient operation, press the “PULSE” hot key (pulse hot key will blink) and then press
the “INPUT” hot key to activate the Toggle transient operation.
Note: Pulse Width is measured from 50% of the rising slope to 50% of the falling slope.
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TRIGGER MODE
In trigger mode, the eLOAD waits for a trigger signal from the selected trigger source (HOLD (local), BUS, EXTERNAL
and ETHERNET) to switch to the user configured trigger level. The trigger level can be set to a value greater or less than
the main value. After each trigger level is reached, another trigger level can be set and re-triggered to the new trigger
level. The trigger operation mode is only available via remote operation. The trigger signal can be sent from any of the
trigger sources or via the front panel TRIGGER hot key.
Transient
Level
Trigger 2
Main
Level
Trigger 1
Transient off
t
Note: All the operating modes can be programmed via the front panel or using GPIB/RS232/ETHERNET/USB Interfaces
with the exception of TRIGGER operation, which is remotely controlled. In addition, each transient mode besides
CONTINUOUS can be triggered through a negative edge triggered external TTL compatible signal. CONTINUOUS
Transient Operation will start as soon as PULSE is activated, and can not be activated using a trigger signal.
Setting the Triggered Level:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Connect the eLOAD to a PC via any of the interfaces (GPIB/USB/Ethernet/RS-232)
Communicate with the instrument using e-Tool 1, and confirm connection by sending the command *IDN?
The returned parameter should indicate the eLOAD’s firmware revision number
Select the Transient Mode via “TR:MOD 0” command, which will set the eLOAD for Trigger operation
Select the Trigger Source via TRIG:SOUR and followed by one of the following selections EXT (external
trigger), BUS (Bus Trigger), ETH (Ethernet Trigger), and HOLD (Local Trigger). Please refer to the table 3.1
for further trigger source details.
6. Set the Trigger Delay to the desired amount of time via TRIG:DEL and time entry in ms.
7. Set the Triggered Level via CURR:TRIG (current), VOLT:TRIG (voltage), RES:TRIG (resistance) and
POW:TRIG (power) command, followed by the desired numerical value, such as 1 or 15.
8. Set the Main Level via CURR, VOLT, RES AND POW command, followed by the desired numerical value.
9. Turn the input on via the INP 1 command.
10. Trigger the eLOAD via Trig or *TRG.
Note: The “TRIG” command will trigger under all trigger sources with the exception of Ethernet (Ethernet Trigger
is reserved for the MCU-1 Controller), and the *TRG command will only work when the trigger source is selected to
“BUS.” Please refer to table 3.1 for the appropriate trigger commands for the various trigger sources.
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STEP MODE
In step mode, the eLOAD generates customized sequence of different input levels up to a maximum of 256 steps (points)
for each mode, with dwell times from 1ms to 65535 ms. The step sequence can be cycled for one up to 65535 count(s) or
infinity for unlimited repeat. At the end of the step cycle count, turn transient level off and then on to restart the step
cycle and count.
i
t0
t1
t2
t3
T4
t5
t6
t7
t8
Tn+1
STEP: The Step mode will repeat the step cycle until the end of the dwell time without the need for a trigger
signal. Once transient level is activated, the STEP mode will start as well.
STEP AUTO: The Step Auto mode will traverse through the user-defined step cycle until the end of the dwell
time upon the receiving a trigger signal.
Note: When triggering the STEP AUTO function via the front panel, when the step is activated (it will show “AUTO”),
the step cycle will repeat itself until the end of the Step Parameter setting. If the STEP AUTO function is triggered via
PC, the step has to be triggered using a *TRG or TRIG command after the transient level is turned on.
STEP ONCE: The STEP ONCE function will only activate the first step in the step cycle until the next
trigger signal is received.
Note: For front panel operation, the STEP ONCE function will only activate the first step in the step cycle. For PC
operation, by sending a *TRG or TRIG command with transient on, the next step in the step cycle can be activated.
Typical Application: Simulating battery drain for testing portable, battery powered products. A cellular phone, for
example, has complex battery discharge characteristics due to its different operating modes. A load profile can be created
using the eLOAD load to simulate those characteristics.
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STEP OPERATION SET-UP
WARNING
Every time the Stepping mode is enabled, it is critical that you re-enter or double check for the correct amplitude and time
of each step programmed. Each step value and time can be check via front panel or remote command, in order to avoid
initiating an erroneous step. If the value is set higher than expected the system may perform previous steps that may
exceed the power rating for the application and may damage the eLOAD or power source.
Important Notes:
1) All steps must be in the same constant mode (CV, CC, CR, and CP). Stepping error will occur if different modes
are programmed.
2) All programmed steps must be saved before power cycling the eLOAD, otherwise the data will be lost.
3) When eLOAD sees a step with a step time 0ms , it will stop executing further step numbers
STEP FUNCTION
The eLOAD provides 256 points for self-programming capability for which parameters can be programmed in the Menu
function. This feature allows the users to create a mini program and automate the control of the eLOAD without the need
of computer, GPIB, USB, ETHERNET or RS-232 communication interface. The user is able to set Programming Points,
Loop Number, Step Mode and Time Duration (dwell time).
At the Meter Mode, press the STEP key. This will lead eLOAD to its step entry menu. Press the STEP menu button to
select between time duration (dwell time) and step value for each step number. To change value and time duration for
each step press and hold the encoder to select and clear to exit. Turn the encoder to increment/decrement the step
number.
After configuring each step, the step sequence will need to be defined. Two parameters will determine the behavior of the
overall step cycle. Under MENU LOAD CONTROL
STEP PARAM. , there are two parameters, (STEP) COUNT
and (STEP) MODE.
STEP COUNT
COUNT is the number of loops the step program will be repeated. The stepping function provides loop control with
COUNT, which instructs the eLOAD to repeat the stepping function, based on the COUNT. For instance, if the COUNT
is set to 10 and the eLOAD will cycle the desired steps 10 times. If the COUNT is infinity, then eLOAD will cycle the
stepping infinitely.
To configure the Step Count parameter, Press the "Menu/Local" key press ENTER, then use the encoder
to select the
STEP PARAM. function then the "ENTER" key. Turn the encoder
to select the Step COUNT then press the
"ENTER” key twice to enter the value or use the encoder
to increment or decrement the value. Press the “ENTER”
key to confirm the selection. Press “CLEAR” key to exit from the STEP Configuration Menu.
STEP MODE
MODE provides selection to the different types of step operation: STEP, STEP AUTO, and STEP ONCE.
1.
2.
3.
Step will initiate step operation without a trigger signal and repeat until end of the loop number.
Step Auto will wait for a *TRG command or TRIG (via PC SCPI command) or front panel trigger to initiate the
step operation and will end at the end of the loop number.
Step Once will activate one step for every trigger signal received.
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To configure the Step MODE parameter, Press the "Menu/Local" key press ENTER, then use the encoder
to select
the STEP PARAM. function then the "ENTER" key. Turn the encoder
to select the Step MODE then press the
"ENTER” key. Different step MODE selections will appear, select the appropriate choice using the encoder
and
press “ENTER”” to confirm the selection. Press the “ENTER” key to confirm the selection. Press “CLEAR” key to exit
from the STEP Configuration Menu.
ENTERING STEP MODE VALUES
Example:
The test application requires (3) steps to be performed in the Step Mode with the following criteria. Step (1) in the CC
mode with 5 amps for 800 ms, step (2) in the CC mode with 10 amps for 400 ms, and step (3) in the CC mode with 50
amps for 200 ms.
Note: CC Mode has 3 ranges. Therefore, if stepping values are in the manual high range, main level value must be set to
high range or switch to auto range to cover all current step entries.
1.
Choose the STEP transient mode by toggling the Step Parameters selection to Step via the Menu
Load Control ->
Step Parameters. Press enter to choose the menu selection and turn the encoder
to select the STEP transient
mode and press ENTER key to confirm.
2.
Set the STEP Count – Scroll using the encoder
Menu
Load Control Step Param. Count
3.
Set first step value - Press the CC hot key, press the STEP key to enter step edit mode, scroll
to select step 1.
Press the STEP key to switch between step value and time settings. Select step value and tap the encoder or press
enter. The step current value on the bottom right hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now enter the new amps
value (5.0), and press enter to confirm. Press the STEP key again to scroll to the time edit selection and press enter
or tap the encoder to confirm. The step time value on the bottom left hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now
enter the new time value (800), and press enter to confirm.
4.
Set second step value - Press the CC hot key, press the STEP key to enter step edit mode, scroll
to select step 2.
Press the STEP key to switch between step value and time settings. Select step value and tap the encoder or press
enter. The step current value on the bottom right hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now enter the new amps
value (10.0), and press enter to confirm. Press the STEP key again to scroll to the time edit selection and press enter
or tap the encoder to confirm. The step time value on the bottom left hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now
enter the new time value (400), and press enter to confirm.
5.
Set third step value - Press the CC hot key, press the STEP key to enter step edit mode, scroll
to select step 3.
Press the STEP key to switch between step value and time settings. Select step value and tap the encoder or press
enter. The step current value on the bottom right hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now enter the new amps
value (50.0), and press enter to confirm. Press the STEP key again to scroll to the time edit selection and press enter
or tap the encoder to confirm. The step time value on the bottom left hand corner of the LCD screen will flash, now
enter the new time value (200), and press enter to confirm.
6.
To start the selected STEP mode, press the STEP hot key to initiate the step mode.
7.
To enable the STEP mode, press the INPUT hot key.
8.
The INPUT will be turned off automatically when the program completes the number of step and loops.
for the total number of times the steps will be processed via the
NOTE: To edit any entry press the STEP menu key and turn the encoder to increment to the desired step. Use the STEP
to scroll to select the step value or time setting, and press enter or tap the encoder to select. Use the encoder or
numerical keys to change to the desired setting. To program other steps, turn the encoder to increment to the desired
step. Press the STEP hot key and turn input on to reactivate STEP mode.
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FOUR: REMOTE OPERATION
INTRODUCTION
The Programming Electronic Load is provided with GPIB and RS-232 Standard Commands for Programmable
Instruments (SCPI) interface for automated testing applications. The purpose of this section is to introduce the user to
SCPI commands used to control the eLOAD via remote communication.
NOTE: For a more comprehensive set of SCPI COMMANDS, please refer to the Programming Manual.
INTRODUCTION TO GPIB & RS-232 (SCPI) COMMANDS
The General Purpose Interface bus is synonymous with HP-IB standard bus used for controlling electronic instruments
with a computer. Also called IEEE 488 bus because ANSI/IEEE Standards 488-1978 defines it, 488.1-1987, and 488.21987.
Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments (SCPI) is a programming language developed to remotely control
different test and measurement instruments over GPIB (IEEE 488) bus. SCPI functions with GPIB hardware conform to
the IEEE 488.2 Standard Digital Interface for Programmable Instrumentation. It is a device independent command set
and is layered on top of the hardware portion of IEEE 488.2. SCPI simplifies the programming task by defining a single
comprehensive command set of programmable instrumentation, regardless of type or manufacturer. The same SCPI
command can be applied to different classes of instruments. SCPI systems are much easier to program and maintain. In
many cases, you can interchange or upgrade instruments without having to change the test program. SCPI also applies to
RS-232 programming.
The electronic load's GPIB address cannot be set via GPIB bus communication or program. The address needs to be set
from the front panel keypad in the MENU function.
OVER VIEW SCPI LANGUAGE
The SCPI language uses a hierarchical structure in its programming syntax similar to an inverted tree. The command is
organized with root level commands positioned at the top, with multiple sub commands below each root-level command.
For example, VOLTage, which is a branch of SOURce, is a command mnemonic and it forms a subtree of its own.
VOLTage has three sub-level commands: LEVel, SLEW, TLEVel. At the end of a sub-level command, you can attach a
parameter, a question mark (for query), a colon (command mnemonics separator), a semicolon (for multiple commands in
a message) or an end of line terminator. To execute a sub-level command, you must specify the complete path from rootlevel. Each command statement is simply I/O ASCII data strings incorporated within high-level programming language
(GW-BASIC, HP BASIC, Quick Basic, Pascal, etc.).
Command Mnemonics
Data
Message Terminator
Query Indicator
VOLT:LEV 10;TLEV 15;:RES:TLEV? <NL>
Root Specifier
Command Statement
Command Statement Separator
Command Message
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SYNTAX OVERVIEW
Use of the Colon (:)
A colon is used to separate command mnemonics. It indicates a move down in branch level of the command tree.
The command follows a colon is a sub command of the command immediate before the colon. When colon
precedes the first command mnemonic of a message unit, it becomes root specifier. Its action places the parser
(decoder) at the root of the command tree. Parser can only travel downward the command tree. If another
command at different branch needs to be executed, a root specifier (colon) is required to place parser at origin and
a complete path from root level should also be defined.
Use of the Semicolon (;)
A semicolon is used to separate two command statements with the same command message string. The semicolon
does not change location of the parser in the command tree. Only command statements that are in the current path
of the first command statement can be combined to form a command message.
Use of the Space ( )
A white space is used to separate a parameter (data) from a command mnemonic. When a command statement
includes parameter, data always follows the last keyword of a command.
Use of the Comma (,)
A comma is used to separate adjacent parameters if a command requires more than one parameter.
Use of the Query (?)
A query command is used to instruct the instrument to send a response message. Queries return either measured
values or internal instrument setting. When a keyword is followed by a question mark, it becomes a query. The ?
follows the last keyword of a command statement. You should read back the result of first query before you send
out another query or command. Otherwise, returned data will be lost.
Common Commands:
Commands starting with a * and three-letter mnemonic are called common commands. They are generally not
related to specific device operation but to perform the identical function for all instruments that are compliant with
the IEEE-488.2 interface standard. Common commands can be mixed in with regular Electronic Load commands.
The common command will be executed without affecting the position of the parser.
Root-Level Commands:
The root-level commands are those commands specific to the Electronic Load. They are device specific and can be
mixed with common commands.
LANGUAGE DICTIONARY
The syntax and parameters for the IEEE 488.2 common commands and SCPI commands used by the Electronic Load is
presented in this section. The section starts with description for common commands and then follows by SCPI commands
specific to the electronic load.
COMMANDS STRUCTURE
The electronic load has two command types for GPIB and RS-232 interface.
Programming commands
Query commands
System commands
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Programming commands send programming instructions or values to the electronic load to control the CV/CC/CR/CP
functions. There are two types of commands, the SCPI command and instruction commands that co-exist in the program.
SCPI commands should adhere to their syntax and format structure (command line) in order to be properly process by the
electronic load.
Query commands request measured values, status, or programmed settings from the electronic load.
System commands belong to the GPIB bus system commands list to controls GPIB bus condition and electronic load
interface system. Some commands are not compatible with RS-232 interface.
SCPI (GPIB & RS-232) COMMAND SET
The following describes the GPIB (IEEE488.2) command set for the Programmable Electronic Load Series. All the
electronic load commands follow SCPI format and are RS232 compliant. The commands in brackets are implicit and
don’t have to be written out. The letters in bold is the short form syntax of the command mnemonic. For example, the
command CURRent[:LEVel][:IMMediate] has the following equivalent forms:
CURRent:LEVel:IMMediate 5
CURRent:IMMediate 5
CURR:IMM 5
CURR 5
All of the above commands will set the Current value to 5Amps.
*NOTE: The parameters MIN and MAX designate minimum and maximum programmable value of the range.
Queries for each of the following commands can be obtained by placing a question mark after the command syntax.
Example:
CURR?
CURRent
⇒Current Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the constant current mode functions of the Electronic Load. The IEEE 488.1 command, “ISET”
and “SET” (if current active mode is CC mode), can also be used.
CURR
This command sets the input current level that is to be applied immediately in the constant current mode. If the
Electronic Load is not in the CC mode when the command is sent, the programmed level is saved and is applied when the
Load changes to CC mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR 50” – sets current input level to 50Amps
CURR:PROT:OVER
This command sets a protection limit to the input current that the Electronic Load will sink. When the input current
reaches the programmed current limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off and draws no
current.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR:PROT:OVER 12”- sets the over-current protection to 12 Amps.
CURR:PROT:OVER:DEL
This command sets the delay time in millisecond for current protection. When the input current reaches the programmed
current limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off and draws no current.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value;
Units: ms.
Example:
“CURR:PROT:OVER:DEL 200”- sets the over-current protection delay time to 200 ms.
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CURR:PROT:UND
This command sets an undercurrent protection limit to the input current that the Electronic Load will sink. When the
input currents falls below the undercurrent protection limit for the programmed delay period, the load input is off and
draws no current.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR:PROT:UND 1.5”- sets the undercurrent protection to 1.5 Amps.
CURR:PROT:UND:DEL
This command sets the delay time for under-current protection. When the input currents falls below the undercurrent
protection limit for the programmed delay period, the load input is off and draws no current.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value
Units: ms
Example:
“CURR:PROT:UND:DEL 500”- sets the undercurrent protection delay to 500 ms.
CURR:TRIG
This command sets the input current level that is to be applied on occurrence of a trigger in the constant current mode. If
the Electronic Load is not in the CC mode when the command is sent, the programmed TRIG level becomes a stored level
that takes effect when the Load changes to CC mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR:TRIG 10” – sets the current trigger level to 10Amps.
CURR:TLEV
This command sets the transient current level in CC mode. When the transient subsystem is on, the Electronic Load will
switch between the main level and transient level at a rate determined by the slew rate in effect. If the programmed
transient current level is below the main current level, the switching will not occur until the main level is below the value
of CURR:TLEV. The IEEE 488.1 command, “ITR” can also be used.
Parameter:
Low Range: 0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
High Range: 0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Example:
“CURR:TLEV 30”- sets the current transient level to 30A.
CURR:DUTY
This command sets pulse duty cycle, as a percentage of the total cycle, of continuous transient mode in CC mode. If the
Electronic Load is operating in another mode, the duty cycle is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
2 to 98; MIN; MAX
Unit: %
Example:
“CURR:DUTY 50” – sets a 50% duty cycle for transient current mode.
CURR:FREQ
This command sets pulse frequency of continuous transient mode in Hz. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse frequency is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
Example:
0.25 to 20000; MIN; MAX
Unit: Hz
“CURR:FREQ 1000” – sets a 1000Hz frequency for transient current mode.
CURR:SLEW
This command sets the current slew rate for both ranges in CC mode. The programmed slew rate is in effect for all
current changes except INP:ON or OFF. The hardware implementation selects a slew rate that is closet to the
CURR:SLEW value. To determine the actual value, use the query CURR:SLEW?.
Parameter:
Low Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp/µs.
High Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Example:
“CURR:SLEW 0.1” - sets the current slew rate to 0.1A/µs.
CURR:LIM:MAX
This command sets and queries the maximum input current level that is to be applied immediately in the constant current
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR:LIM:MAX 50” – sets maximum current input level to 50Amps
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CURR:LIM:MIN
This command sets and queries the minimum input current level that is to be applied immediately in the constant current
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Amp.
Example:
“CURR:LIM:MIN 50” – sets minimum current input level to 50Amps
RESistance
⇒Resistance Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the constant resistance mode functions of the Electronic Load. The IEEE488.1 command,
“RSET” and “SET” (if current active mode is CR mode), can also be used.
RES
This command sets the input resistance level that is to be applied immediately in the constant resistance mode. If the
Electronic Load is not in the CR mode when the command is sent, the programmed level is saved and is applied when the
Load changes to CR mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
Low Range: minimum to maximum value ; MIN; MAX
Units: Ω
Middle Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN: MAX
High Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Example:
“RES 5” – sets the resistance level to 5ohms.
RES:TRIG
This command sets the input resistance level that is to be applied on occurrence of a trigger in the constant resistance
mode. If the Electronic Load is not in the CR mode when the command is sent, the programmed TRIG level becomes a
stored IMM level that takes effect when the Load changes to CR mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the
slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Ω
RES:TLEV
This command sets the transient resistance level in the CR mode. When the transient subsystem is on, the Electronic
Load will switch between the main level and transient level at a rate determined by the slew rate in effect. The IEEE
488.1 command, “RTR” can also be used. The input resistance transient switching will occur only when RES:TLEV is
programmed as following:
Low Range
TLEV>LEV
Middle and high range
TLEV<LEV
Parameter:
minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Ω
Example:
“RES:TLEV 15” – sets the resistance transient level to 15ohms.
RES:DUTY
This command sets pulse duty cycle, as a percentage of the total cycle, of continuous transient mode in CR mode. If the
Electronic Load is operating in another mode, the duty cycle is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
2 to 98; MIN; MAX
Unit: %
Example:
“RES:DUTY 50” – sets a 50% duty cycle for transient current mode.
RES:FREQ
This command sets pulse frequency of continuous transient mode in Hz. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse frequency is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
Example:
0.25 to 20000; MIN; MAX
Unit: Hz
“RES:FREQ 1000” – sets a 1000Hz frequency for transient current mode.
RES:SLEW
This command sets the current slew rate for both ranges in CR mode. The programmed slew rate is in effect for all
current changes except INP:ON or OFF. The hardware implementation selects a slew rate that is closest to the
RES:SLEW value. To determine the actual value, use the query RES:SLEW?.
Parameter:
Low Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Ohm/µs.
High Range: minimum to maximum value; MIN; MAX
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Example:
“RES:SLEW 0.1” - sets the resistance slew rate to 0.1A/µs.
RES:LIM:MAX
This command sets and queries the maximum input resistance level that is to be applied immediately in the CR mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Ohm.
Example:
“RES:LIM:MAX 50” – sets maximum resistance input level to 50 Ohms.
RES:LIM:MIN
This command sets and queries the minimum input resistance level that is to be applied immediately in the CR mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Ohm.
Example:
“RES:LIM:MIN 50” – sets minimum resistance input level to 50 Ohms.
VOLTage
⇒Voltage Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the constant voltage mode functions of the Electronic Load. The IEEE488.1 command,
“VSET” and “SET” (if current active mode is CV mode), can also be used.
VOLT
This command sets the input voltage level that is to be applied immediately in the constant voltage mode. If the
Electronic Load is not in the CV mode when the command is sent, the programmed level is saved to be applied when the
Load changes to CV mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Volt
Example:
“VOLT 120” – sets the voltage level to 120V.
VOLT:PROT:OVER
This command sets a protection limit to the input voltage that the Electronic Load will shunt. When the input current
reaches the programmed voltage limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off and shunts no
voltage.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Volt.
Example:
“VOLT:PROT:OVER 12”- sets the over voltage protection to 12 Volts.
VOLT:PROT:OVER:DEL
This command sets the delay times in millisecond for over-voltage protection. When the input voltage reaches the
programmed voltage limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off and shunts no voltage.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: ms
Example:
“VOLT:PROT:OVER:DEL 1000”- sets the over voltage protection delay to 1000 ms.
VOLT:PROT:UND
This command sets an under voltage protection limit to the input voltage that the Electronic Load will shunt. When the
input voltage falls below the under voltage protection limit for the programmed delay period, the load input is off and
shunts no voltage.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Volt.
Example:
“VOLT:PROT:UND 1.5”- sets the under voltage protection to 1.5Volts.
VOLT:PROT:UNDER:DEL
This command sets the delay times in millisecond for under-voltage protection. When the input voltage falls below the
programmed the under voltage protection limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off and
shunts no voltage.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value;
Units: ms
Example:
“VOLT:PROT:UNDER:DEL 1000”- sets the under voltage protection delay to 1000 ms.
VOLT:TRIG
This command sets the input voltage level that is to be applied on occurrence of a trigger in the constant voltage mode. If
the Electronic Load is not in the CV mode when the command is sent, the programmed TRIG level becomes a stored
IMM level that takes effect when the Load changes to CV mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate
in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Volt
Example:
“VOLT:TRIG 100” – sets the voltage trigger value to 100V.
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VOLT:TLEV
This command sets the transient voltage level in CV mode. When the transient subsystem is on, the Electronic Load will
switch between the main level and transient level at a rate determined by the slew rate in effect. If the programmed
transient voltage level is below the main voltage level, the switching will not occur until the main level is below the value
of VOLT:TLEV. The IEEE488.1 command, “VTR” can also be used.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Volt
Example:
“VOLT: TLEV 50” – sets the voltage trigger level to 50V
VOLT:SLEW
This command sets the voltage slew rate in CV mode. The programmed slew rate is in effect for all voltage changes
except INP:ON or OFF. The hardware implementation selects a slew rate that is closet to the VOLT:SLEW value. To
determine the actual value, use the query VOLT:SLEW?.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: V/µs
Example:
“VOLT:SLEW 6”- sets the voltage slew rate to 6V/µs
VOLT:DUTY
This command sets pulse duty cycle, as a percentage of the total cycle, of continuous transient mode in CV mode. If the
Electronic Load is operating in another mode, the duty cycle is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
2 to 98; MIN; MAX
Unit: %
Example:
“VOLT:DUTY 50” – sets a 50% duty cycle for transient voltage mode.
VOLT:FREQ
This command sets pulse frequency of continuous transient mode in Hz. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse frequency is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
Example:
0.25 to 20000; MIN; MAX
Unit: Hz
“VOLT:FREQ 1000” – sets a 1000Hz frequency for transient voltage mode.
VOLT:LIM:MAX
This command sets and queries the maximum input voltage level that is to be applied immediately in the constant voltage
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Volt.
Example:
“VOLT:LIM:MAX 50” – sets maximum voltage input level to 50 Volts
VOLT:LIM:MIN
This command sets and queries the minimum input voltage level that is to be applied immediately in the constant voltage
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Volt.
Example:
“VOLT:LIM:MIN 50” – sets minimum voltage input level to 50 Volts.
POWer
⇒Power Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the constant power mode functions of the Electronic Load. The IEEE 488.1 command, “PSET”
and “SET” (if current active mode is CP mode), can also be used.
POW
This command sets the input power level that is to be applied immediately in the constant power mode. If the Electronic
Load is not in the CP mode when the command is sent, the programmed level is saved and is applied when the Load
changes to CP mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Watt.
Example:
“POW 50” – sets current input level to 50Watts.
POW:PROT:OVER
This command sets a protection limit to the input power that the Electronic Load will accept. When the input power
reaches the programmed power limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Watt.
Example:
“POW:PROT:OVER 12”- sets the overpower protection to 120 Watts.
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POW:PROT:OVER:DEL
This command sets the delay time for over-power protection. When the input power reaches the programmed power limit
for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value
Units: ms.
Example:
“POW:PROT:OVER:DEL 1200”- sets the overpower protection delay time to 1200 ms.
POW:PROT:UND
This command sets an under power protection limit to the input power that the Electronic Load accepts. When the input
power falls below the under power protection limit for the programmed delay period, the load input is off.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Watt.
Example:
“POW:PROT:UND 1.5”- sets the under power protection to 1.5 Watts.
POW:PROT:UNDER:DEL
This command sets the delay time for under-power protection. When the input power falls below the programmed power
limit for the programmed delay period, the Electronic Load input is off.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value
Units: ms.
Example:
“POW:PROT:UNDER:DEL 1200”- sets the under-power protection delay time to 1200 ms.
POW:TRIG
This command sets the input voltage level that is to be applied on occurrence of a trigger in the constant power mode. If
the Electronic Load is not in the CP mode when the command is sent, the programmed TRIG level becomes a stored
IMM level that takes effect when the Load changes to CP mode. The rate of input change is in accord with the slew rate
in effect.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Watt.
Example:
“POW:TRIG 100” – sets the power trigger value to 100 W.
POW:TLEV
This command sets the transient voltage level in CP mode. When the transient subsystem is on, the Electronic Load will
switch between the main level and transient level at a rate determined by the slew rate in effect. If the programmed
transient power level is below the main voltage level, the switching will not occur until the main level is below the value
of POW:TLEV. The IEEE488.1 command, “PTR” can also be used.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Watt
Example:
“POW: TLEV 50” – sets the power trigger level to 50 W
POW:SLEW
This command sets the power slew rate in CP mode. The programmed slew rate is in effect for all voltage changes except
INP:ON or OFF. The hardware implementation selects a slew rate that is closest to the POW:SLEW value. To determine
the actual value, use the query POW:SLEW?.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Watt/µs
Example:
“POW:SLEW 6”- sets the power slew rate to 6W/µs
POW:DUTY
This command sets pulse duty cycle, as a percentage of the total cycle, of continuous transient mode in CP mode. If the
Electronic Load is operating in another mode, the duty cycle is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
2 to 98; MIN; MAX
Unit: %
Example:
“POW:DUTY 50” – sets a 50% duty cycle for transient power mode.
POW:FREQ
This command sets pulse frequency of continuous transient mode in Hz. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse frequency is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
Example:
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0.25 to 20000; MIN; MAX
Unit: Hz
“POW:FREQ 1000” – sets a 1000Hz frequency for transient power mode.
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POW:LIM:MAX
This command sets and queries the maximum input power level that is to be applied immediately in the constant power
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Watt.
Example:
“POW:LIM:MAX 50” – sets maximum power input level to 50 Watts.
POW:LIM:MIN
This command sets and queries the minimum input power level that is to be applied immediately in the constant power
mode.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Units: Watt.
Example:
“POW:LIM:MIN 50” – sets minimum power input level to 50 Watts.
INPut/OUTPut ⇒Input Programming Functions
This subsystem controls the Electronic Load input.
INP[:STATe]
This command turns the Electronic Load input ON and OFF. When the input is off, the Electronic Load draws minimal
current at its input. The input turns on or off at the maximum rate, not in accord with the presently programmed slew
rate.
Parameter:
OFF or 0; ON or 1
Example:
“INP 1”- enables the input to the load.
INP:SHOR[:STATe] or SHOR
This command enables/disables electronic short across the Electronic Load input. The actual short condition depends on
the active mode and its active operating range. If a mode or range is changed, the short will be reapplied to the new mode
or range.
Parameter:
OFF or 0; ON or 1
Example:
“INP:SHOR 0” – disables the short across the input.
INP:REL
Programming OFF closes the relay contacts; programming ON opens them.
Syntax
INPut:RELay [STATe]
Parameters
0 | 1; CLOSE | OPEN; OFF | ON
MEASure
⇒Measurement Query
This subsystem queries and returns the current, voltage, and power at the input of the Electronic Load.
MEAS:CURR[:DC]?
Returns the Electronic Load input current value to the buffer.
MEAS:VOLT[:DC]?
Returns the Electronic Load input voltage value to the buffer.
MEAS:DEL
This command is to sets or queries the delay time to obtain read back value for “MEAS:VOLT?” and “MEAS:CURR?” queries.
Parameter:
0 to 100,000
Units: ms.
Example:
“MEAS:DEL 600” – sets the delay time to 600 ms.
MODE / MODE?
⇒Mode Selection Command/Query
This subsystem selects and queries the operating mode of the Electronic Load
MODE CC or MODE:CURR
This command sets Electronic Load to constant current mode.
MODE CR or MODE:RES
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This command sets Electronic Load to constant resistance mode.
MODE CV or MODE:VOLT
This command sets Electronic Load to constant voltage mode.
MODE CP or MODE:POW
This command sets Electronic Load to constant power mode.
MODe:RANGe
This command sets the range after the mode is set.
Parameters:
0–3
i. low range
ii. middle range
iii. high range
iv. ultra range
Example:
“MODE:RES” – sets the Electronic Load in CR mode;
“MODE:RANG 2” – sets the Electronic Load in high range;
“MODE:RANG? CR” – queries the range for CR mode.
TRANsient
⇒Transient Programming Function
This subsystem programs the transient functions of three transient modes: CONTinous, PULSe, TOGGle. The input
levels (TLEVel) and slew rate (SLEW) are programmed from the current, resistance, power and voltage subsystems.
TRAN[:STATe]
This command enables or disables the transient or stepping function. The parameter ON | 1 enables the function and OFF
| 0 disables it.
Parameter:
ON | 1, OFF | 0
Example:
“TRAN ON” – enables the transient function
DUTY
This command sets pulse duty cycle, as a percentage of the total cycle, of continuous transient mode. If the Electronic
Load is operating in another mode, the duty cycle is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
2 to 98; MIN; MAX
Unit: %
Example:
“CURR:DUTY 50” – sets a 50% duty cycle for transient current mode.
FREQ
This command sets pulse frequency of continuous transient mode in Hz. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse frequency is stored until the Load changes to continuous mode.
Parameter:
Example:
0.25 to 20000; MIN; MAX
Unit: Hz
“CURR:FREQ 1000” – sets a 1000Hz frequency for transient current mode.
SLEW
This command sets the power slew rate for the active mode. The programmed slew rate is in effect for all changes except
INP:ON or OFF. The hardware implementation selects a slew rate that is closest to the SLEW value. To determine the
actual value, use the query SLEW?.
Parameter:
0 to maximum value; MIN; MAX
Unit: Depending on mode
Example:
“SLEW 6”- sets the slew rate to 6.
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TRAN:TWID
This command sets pulse width of pulse transient mode in millisecond. If the Electronic Load is operating in another
mode, the pulse width is stored until the Load is powered cycle.
Parameter:
Example:
Query syntax:
Returned parameter:
0.05 to 10000
Unit: ms
“TRAN:TWID 800” – sets the pulse width to 800 ms.
“TRAN:TWID?”
Pulse width value in second.
STEP
⇒ Step Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the stepping functions for stepping mode. The number of loops, step values, and dwell times
are programmed for a specified operating mode.
UTIL:STEP:LOOP
This command sets the number of loops the stepping operation will repeat.
Parameter:
0 to 99
Example:
“UTIL:STEP:LOOP 10” - sets the number of loops to 10.
If Parameter is set to 0, the loops will repeat indefinitely.
UTIL:STEP:COUNT
This command sets the number of steps activated
Parameter:
1 to 99
Example:
UTIL:STEP:COUNT 5” – sets the number of steps to 5.
STEP:MODE <STEP COUNT> <MODE>
This command sets the step number for a specified operating mode.
Parameter for Step count: 0 to 99
Parameter for Mode:
0 (CV); 1 (CC); 2 (CR); 3 (CP)
Example:
“STEP:MODE 0 1” – sets to step 0 (first step) in the Constant Current (CC) mode
Note: All steps must be set to same mode and same range.
STEP:VALue <STEP COUNT> <VALUE>
This command sets the step value for a specified step.
Parameter for Step count: 0 to 99
Parameter for Value:
0 to maximum value of operating mode range
Example:
“STEP:VAL 0 5” – sets step 0 to 5Amps(CC Mode)
STEP:TIME <STEP COUNT> <TIME>
This command sets the step (dwell) time for a specified step.
Parameter for Step count: 0 to 99
Parameter for Time:
10ms to 600,000ms(10min)
Example:
“STEP:TIME 0 1000” – sets time to 1000ms for step 0 (first step)
UTILITY
⇒ Utility Functions
This subsystem sets or queries Menu configurations.
UTIL:MEAS:SENSE
This command sets or queries the measurement sense (Local / Remote ).
Parameter:
0 | 1 (0 – Local; 1 – Remote)
Example:
UTIL:MEAS:SENS 1 – sets measurement sense to remote sense
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UTIL:EOI
This command sets or queries the end of string (EOS) mode for read back.
Parameter:
0 … 1 (0 – NONE; 1 – CR)
Example:
UTIL:EOI 1 – sets the EOS mode to CR
UTIL:TR:MODE
This command sets or queries the transient mode.
Parameter:
0 … 3 (0 – CONTINUOUS; 1 – STEPPING; 2 – PULSE; 3 – TOGGLE)
Example:
UTIL:TR:MODE 0 – sets the transient mode to continuous.
UTIL:CURR <VAL>
This command sets or queries the Electronic Load C value setting.
Example:
UTIL:CURR 10.0 – sets C value to 10.0.
UTIL:RANG <VAL>
This command sets or queries the range mode.
Parameters:
0 – Manual range
1 – Auto range
Example:
UTIL:RANG 0 – Sets the electronic load to manual range.
SYST:RANG?
This command returns the number of ranges for each mode in a “CV/CC/CR/CP” sequence.
Example:
SYST:RANG? – returns “1/2/3/2” means 1 range for CV mode, 2 ranges for CC mode, 3
ranges for CR mode and 2 ranges for CP mode.
COMMON COMMANDS
A common command begins with an * and consists of three letters. It is followed by a “?” if it is a query. They are
generally not related to specific device operation but to perform the identical function for all instruments that are
compliant with the IEEE488.2 standard. Common commands can be mixed in with regular Electronic Load commands.
The eLOAD responds to 8 common commands that control internal operation, status and event registers, and system data.
*CLS Clear Status Command
This command clears the Status Byte summary register and all event register.
*ESR? Event Status Register Query
This command queries the Standard Event Status register. Reading it clears it.
*IDN? Identification Query
This query requests the Electronic Load to identify itself. It returns the model number of the unit.
*STB? Status Byte Query
This query reads the Status Byte Register. Reading the register does not clear it.
*TRG Trigger Command
This command generates a trigger to the Electronic Load.
*TST? Test Query
This query causes the Electronic Load to go through a self-test.
*SAV Save Command
This command stores the present state and calibration data to internal back-up flash memory.
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COMMAND LIST
COMMAND
INPUT enable
FORMAT
INP[?]
INP[:STAT][?]
SHOR
INP:SHOR[:STAT][?]
ACTION
0/1/OFF/ON
0/1/OFF/ON
0/1/OFF/ON
0/1/OFF/ON
SET[?]
VSET[?]
VOLT[:LEV][:IMM][?]
VOLT[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
ISET[?]
CURR[:LEV][:IMM][?]
CURR[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
RSET[?]
RES[:LEV][:IMM][?]
RES[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
PSET[?]
POW[:LEV][:IMM][?]
POW[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
SLEW rate value
SLEW rate Voltage
SLEW rate Current
SLEW rate Resistance
SLEW rate Power
DUTY cycle
DUTY Voltage
DUTY Current
DUTY Resistance
DUTY Power
FREQuency
FREQuency voltage
FREQuency current
FREQuency resistance
FREQuency power
TR[?]
TLEV[?]
VTR[?]
VOLT:TLEV[?]
ITR[?]
CURR:TLEV[?]
RTR[?]
RES:TLEV[?]
PTR[?]
POW:TLEV[?]
SLEW[?]
VOLT:SLEW[?]
CURR:SLEW[?]
RES:SLEW[?]
POW:SLEW[?]
DUTY[?]
VOLT:DUTY[?]
CURR:DUTY[?]
RES:DUTY[?]
POW:DUTY[?]
FREQ[?]
VOLT:FREQ[?]
CURR:FREQ[?]
RES:FREQ[?]
POW:FREQ[?]
0/1/OFF/ON
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
MAX/MIN
QUERY commands
MEASure Voltage
MEASure Current
MEASure DELay
MEAS:VOLT[:DC][?]
MEAS:CURR[:DC][?]
MEAS:DEL[?]
SHORT enable
SET commands
SET value
SET Voltage
SET Current
SET Resistance
SET Power
TRANSIENT commands
TRANsient enable
TLEV transient level
TRansient Volatge
TRansient Current
TRansient Resistance
TRansient Power
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PROTECTION commands
OVER Voltage value
OVER Current value
OVER Power value
UNDER Voltage value
UNDER Current value
UNDER Power value
OVER-V Time Delay
OVER-C Time delay
OVER-P Time delay
UNDER-V Time Delay
UNDER-C Time delay
UNDER-P Time delay
VOLT:PROT:OVER[?]
CURR:PROT:OVER:[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND[?]
CURR:PROT:UND[?]
POW:PROT:UND[?]
VOLT:PROT:OVER:DEL[?
CURR:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
CURR:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
LIMIT commands
LIMIT Voltage MAX
LIMIT Current MAX
LIMIT Resistance MAX
LIMIT Power MAX
LIMIT Voltage MIN
LIMIT Current MIN
LIMIT Resistance MIN
LIMIT Power MIN
VOLT:LIM:MAX[?]
CURR:LIM:MAX[?]
RES:LIM:MAX[?]
POW:LIM:MAX[?]
VOLT:LIM:MIN[?]
CURR:LIM:MIN[?]
RES:LIM:MIN[?]
POW:LIM:MIN[?]
MODE and RANGE commands
MODE Query
MODe?
CURR MODE
MODe CC
MODe:CURR
VOLT MODE
MODe CV
MODe:VOLT
RES MODE
MODe CR
MODe:RES
POW MODE
MODe CP
MODe:POW
MODE RANGE
MODe:RANGe <n>
MODe:RANGe? <MODE>
SYSTEM RANGE
SYST:RANGe[?]
0…3
STEP commands
Utility STEP LOOP
Utility STEP COUNT
STEP MODE
STEP VAL
STEP TIME
UTIL:STEP:LOOP[?] <VAL>
UTIL:STEP:COUNT[?] <VAL>
STEP:MODE[?] <STEP COUNT> <MODE> (Must be in same mode and range)
STEP:VAL[?] <STEP COUNT> <VAL>
STEP:TIME[?] <STEP COUNT> <VAL>
UTILITY commands
Utility MEASure SENSE
Utility End Of Identifier
Utility TRansient Mode
Utility Current value
Utility Range Operation
UTIL:MEAS:SENSE
UTIL:EOI
UTIL:TR:MODE
UTIL:CURR[?] <VAL>
UTIL:RANG[?] <VAL>
M470039-01 REV B
C value
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FIVE: CALIBRATION
INSTRUCTION
WARNING
JJJJJJ
Exercise caution when using and calibrating an electronic load. High energy levels can be stored at the input voltage
terminals on an electronic load in normal operation. In addition, potentially lethal voltages exist in the power circuit and
on the input and sense connectors of a power supply with a rated output greater than 40V. Filter capacitors store
potentially dangerous energy for some time after power is removed.
CAUTION
Only qualified personnel should attempt the calibration procedure, due to the high level of power.
This procedure describes calibration for the AMREL Programmable DC Electronic Load. The load is calibrated either
through local or remote control. The following information provides calibration procedures in local mode.
NO hardware adjustment is necessary since all calibration is accomplished by software. The software sends calibration
constants to the via the front panel keys. To maintain electronic load’s precision input, calibration should be performed at
least annually.
The nineteen parameters that need to be calibrated. After all the electronic load parameters are calibrated, the load returns
to normal operating condition. If there are any errors in the calibration, cycle the power and recalibrate. All constants are
saved in a non-volatile EEPROM.
CALIBRATION SERVICE ENVIRONMENT AND PRECAUTIONS
•
•
•
Follow established antistatic procedures.
Work at a bench with adequate room and support for the test unit and for all equipment required.
To reduce shock hazard, use only an insulated, straight-bladed screwdriver when calibrating.
NEVER calibrate these units alone. Ensure that someone is present who can help should an accident occur.
CALIBRATION REQUIRED EQUIPMENT
•
•
•
DMM
Current Shunt (Precision Shunt Resistor-0.01ohm, 0.005% accuracy)
DC power supplies (suitable for CV and CC maximum rating)
NOTE: Removing any devices or cabling from the overall Calibration Configuration will cause erroneous results, please
keep all equipment, device and cabling intact until process is complete.
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CALIBRATION CONFIGURATION
There are two configurations for the calibration of the electronic load. One is for measuring voltage and the
other for measuring current.
PLW
+
INPUT
+
−
CURRENT
SHUNT
−
+
0.01Ω
Ω
+
DMM
(VOLTAGE)
DMM
(CURRENT)
−
POWER SUPPLY
FIGURE 5.1 – CALIBRATION SETUP CONFIGURATION
CALIBRATION PARAMETERS
The following are the parameters that are calibrated.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CV main level programming.
CC low range main level programming.
CC high range main level programming.
CR low range main level programming.
CR middle range main level programming.
CR high range main level programming.
CP low range main level programming.
CP high range main level programming.
CV transient level programming.
CC low range transient level programming.
CC high range transient level programming.
CR low range transient level programming.
CR middle range transient level programming.
CR high range transient level programming.
CP low range transient level programming.
CP high range transient level programming.
CV readback.
CC low range readback.
CC high range readback.
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LOCAL CALIBRATION PROCEDURES
The eLOAD uses the two point’s calibration method whereby the eLOAD has two preset calibration points for each
parameter. The microprocessor does the calculation for the operating slope and offset in programming and readback
functions. The default calibration points are low point 6400 count and high point 32000 count. These are the default bit
counts (DAC circuit) where the 6400 counts point represents approximately 10% of full scale and the 32000 counts point
is at 50% full scale. Although these points can be changed in the “Cal. Param.” menu, it is not recommended.
The following is the procedure for the calibration of each parameter.
Presses “ENTER” & “.” Keys simultaneously to enable the front panel hot keys. The ON/OFF will flash if it’s done
properly.
Presses “ENTER” & “8” keys simultaneously to enter into calibration mode. Once in calibration mode, the operator can
use “ ” and “ ” key to shift to the different calibration parameters.
All calibration procedures should be done in the local sensing mode. Voltage local sensing is at the input terminal. In the
following calibrations steps, the procedures will suggest certain power supply input, voltage, current and power, but the
operator must calculate the power consumption of eLOAD to prevent from damaging the unit during calibration.
After calibration is completed, all new values entered must be saved in the eLOAD’s flash memory by pressing
“3” & ENTER key simultaneously. It will take approximately 3 seconds for the eLOAD to save the new calibration
values. During this period, the LCD will display “SAVING CONFIG…”. Do not turn-off eLOAD during this period.
CONSTANT VOLTAGE (CV) LOW/ MIDDLE/HIGH RANGE, MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
CV main level calibration requires a power supply that covers the full range of input voltage of the load and is capable of
operating in CV and CC mode. Estimate the power consumption of the load, because power supply will go to CC mode
while calibrating the load. Adjust the CC current level to a safe limit for load.
Note:
Pressing CLEAR key will take you back to previous menu.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CV0 parameter. Then press enter:
CV0
CV0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS”
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CV1. Then press enter.
CV1
CV1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CV2. Then press enter.
CV2
CV2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CONSTANT CURRENT (CC) LOW/MIDDLE/HIGH RANGE, MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
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CC main level calibration requires a power supply that covers full range high range input current of the load. Estimate the
power consumption of the load, and adjust the voltage input to a safe limit for the load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CC0 parameter. Press enter:
CC0
CC0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CC1. Then press enter.
CC1
CC1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CC2. Then press enter.
CC2
CC2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CONSTANT RESISTANCE (CR0) LOW RANGE MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
CR low range main level calibration requires a power supply that has low voltage and high current, but operator has to
estimate the power consumption of load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CR0 parameter. Press enter:
CR0
CR0
CR0
CR0
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CONSTANT RESISTANCE (CR1) MIDDLE MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
CR middle range main level calibration requires a power supply that has medium voltage and medium current, but
operator has to estimate the power consumption of electronic load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CR1 parameter. Press enter:
CR1
CR1
CR1
CR1
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CONSTANT RESISTANCE (CR2) HIGH RANGE MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
M470039-01 REV B
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CR high range main level calibration requires a power supply that has high voltage and medium current, but operator has
to estimate the power consumption of load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CR2 parameter. Press enter:
CR1
CR1
CR1
CR1
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CONSTANT POWER (CP) LOW/MIDDLE/HIGH RANGE, MAIN LEVEL CALIBRATION
CP main level calibration requires a power supply that has enough power output. For example, a PLW6K-60-150 model
needs at least 40V/80A power output to calibrate the unit.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CP0 parameter. Then press enter:
CP0
CP0
CP0
CP0
LO= CNT:
LO= CNT:
HI= CNT:
HI= CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CP1 parameter. Press enter:
CP1
CP1
CP1
CP1
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see MAIN CP2 parameter. Press enter:
CP2
CP2
CP2
CP2
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CV TRANCIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
CV transient level calibration requires a power supply that covers full range of input voltage of load and is capable of
operating in CV and CC mode. Estimate the power consumption of eLOAD, because power supply will go to CC mode
while calibrating the load. Adjust the CC current level to a safe limit for load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CV0 parameter. Then press enter:
CV0
CV0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
M470039-01 REV B
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS”
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Page 111
Press “ ” to select TRAN CV1. Then press enter.
CV1
CV1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select TRAN CV2. Then press enter.
CV2
CV2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CC LOW/MIDDLE/HIGH RANGE, TRANSIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
CC transient level calibration requires a power supply that covers full range of high range input current of load. Estimate
the power consumption of the electronic load, and adjust the voltage input to a safe limit for the load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CC0 parameter. Press enter:
CC0
CC0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CC1. Then press enter.
CC1
CC1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select MAIN CC2. Then press enter.
CC2
CC2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CR LOW RANGE TRANSIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
CR low range transient level calibration requires a power supply that has low voltage and high current, but operator has to
estimate the power consumption of electronic load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CR0 parameter. Press enter:
CR0
CR0
CR0
CR0
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CR MIDDLE RANGE TRANSIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
M470039-01 REV B
Page 112
CR middle range transient level calibration requires a power supply that has medium voltage and medium current, but
operator has to estimate the power consumption of electronic load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CR1 parameter. Press enter
CR1
CR1
CR1
CR1
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD..
CR HIGH RANGE TRANSIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
CR high range transient level calibration requires a power supply that has high voltage and medium current, but operator
has to estimate the power consumption of load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CR2 parameter. Press enter:
CR2
CR2
CR2
CR2
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CP RANGE TRANSIENT LEVEL CALIBRATION
CP high range transient level calibration requires a power supply that has enough power output. For example, a PLW6K60-150 model needs at least 30V/90A power output to calibrate the unit. Only qualified personnel should attempt this
calibration, due to the high level of power.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CP0 parameter. Then press enter:
CP0
CP0
CP0
CP0
LO= CNT:
LO= CNT:
HI= CNT:
HI= CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CP1 parameter. Press enter:
CP1
CP1
CP1
CP1
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see TRAN CP2 parameter. Press enter:
CP2
CP2
CP2
CP2
LO=
LO=
HI=
HI=
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
CNT:
M470039-01 REV B
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
Page 113
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CV READBACK LEVEL CALIBRATION
CV readback main level calibration requires a power supply that covers full range of input voltage of load and is capable
of operating in CV and CC mode. Estimate the power consumption of load, because power supply will go to CC mode
while calibrating the load. Adjust the CC current level to safe limit of load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see RB CV0 parameter. Then press enter:
CV0
CV0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS”
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select RB CV1. Then press enter.
CV1
CV1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select RB CV2. Then press enter.
CV2
CV2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Volt.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
CC LOW RANGE READBACK LEVEL CALIBRATION
CC readback low range calibration requires a power supply that covers full range of high range input current of load.
Estimate the power consumption of the electronic load, and adjust the voltage input to a safe limit for the load.
Use “ ” and “ ” until you see RB CRO parameter. Press enter:
CC0
CC0
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER.
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select RB CC1. Then press enter.
CC1
CC1
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
Press “ ” to select RB CC2. Then press enter.
CC2
CC2
LO=
HI =
CNT:
CNT:
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM, then press ENTER
Input measured voltage from Curr.DMM then press ENTER key. A “SUCCESS” message
should be display on the front panel LCD.
This completes the calibration for all the input parameters for the electronic load.
Press “3” & “ENTER” key simultaneously to save all new calibration parameters into the load’s memory.
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RE-INSTALLING CALIBRATION DATA
In case, the calibration data becomes corrupted by abnormal conditions, the Electronic Load has a built in capability for
re-installing the last calibration data without having to recalibrate the load.
1.
First you need to read the slope and offset values from the electronic load when you receive the unit, or you can
call American Reliance Inc to get the calibration information for the electronic load (need serial number)
Get calibration data procedure:
Get slope value:
Run command: “SYST: SLOPE? <mode>” to get calibration slope values where “mode” is from 0 to 39. So
there should be 40 values for slope data.
Get offset value:
Run command: “SYST:OFFS? <mode>” to get calibration offset values where “mode” is from 0 to 39. So
there should be 40 values for offset data.
2.
Once you obtain all the calibration information, you can resave this calibration information to the electronic load.
Resave calibration slope date to electronic load.
Run command: “SYST: SLOPE <mode> <value>” where “mode” is from 0 to 39, and the value is the
corresponding slope value obtained from 1.
Resave calibration offset date to electronic load.
Run command: “SYST: OFFS <mode> <value>” where “mode” is from 0 to 39, and the value is the
corresponding offset value obtained from 1.
After re-saving the calibration information for electronic load, you need test the CV and CC mode,
and check if the reading back values are within spec.
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SIX: NEW ELOAD FEATURES
NEW ELOAD FEATURES
FW: 2.17/060216
• Power Interruption (Current Interruption)
FW: 2.29/061005
• Under-temperature Trip Caution Message (UTT)
• Input Contactor Control
• Ultra-low Range Option
FW: 2.40/061005
• Step Modification
• OSC Range Selection
FW: 2.49/081007
• Interlock Function
• PV Sweep Function
FW: 2.84/100608
• Master-Slave Parallel Operation
FW: 2.90/130129
• Step Time Unit Function.
• New Over Power Function
1. POWER INTERRUPTION (CURRENT INTERRUPTION) MODE:
For Battery and Fuel Cell Testing, a common method used to measure the internal impedance is the
Current/Power Interrupt or just the Interrupt method. The battery or fuel cell is loaded at a constant
current, and the current is interrupted by bringing it down to zero or lower current level. During the
interrupt period, the battery or fuel cell voltage is measured. As a result the magnitude of the
impedance can be determined. The Interrupt method can be achieved in either CC mode or CP mode,
with recommendations in the CC mode.
Local Control:
Press SINGLE twice
FLASHING
Set the eLOAD in CC or CP Mode
Set the Main Level to 0Adc or the desired current level via the encoder
Set the Peak Level to a current level larger than the Main to load the DUT
Note: Peak Level is set via the PEAK hot key and the encoder for value edit
Set the Power Interruption Pulse Width (PINT: 200 µs ~ 25000 µs)
Set the System Bandwidth (OSC3, OSC2, OSC1 and DEFAULT)
Activate the INPUT
Activate the PULSE mode
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Press TRIGGER to activate Power Interruption
Remote Programming:
Setting up the Remote Connection:
1) Connect the eLOAD to the PC via GPIB/RS-232/USB/ETHERNET Cables
2) Follow the eTOOL1 Guide to communicate with the eLOAD via remote interface
3) Once connected, type *IDN? to query the unit
SCPI Commands:
Set the eLOAD in CC or CP Mode
MOD:CURR OR MOD:POW
Set the Main Level to 0Adc or the desired current level ISET or CURR <NRF>
Set the Peak Level (> Main Level Setting) to load the DUT CURR:TLEV <NRF>
Set the Power Interruption Pulse Width TRAN:PINT:TWID 200 µs ~ 25000 µs
Set the System Bandwidth (OSC3, OSC2, OSC1 and DEFAULT)
Activate PINT (Power Interruption Mode) TRAN:MOD PINT or TRAN:MOD 7
Activate the INPUT INP 1 or INP ON
Activate the PULSE mode TRAN 1 or TRAN ON
Send TRIGGER signal to activate Power Interruption *TRG or TRIG
2. UNDER-TEMPERATURE TRIP WARNING MESSAGE (UTT):
When the heat sink temperature persists at 15 degrees Celsius or below for longer than 10 minutes, a
UTT warning message will display on the front panel along with an operational status register bit (bit
11). The warning message indicates the eLOAD is operating continuously at low temperatures that may
cause condensation; please verify inlet/outlet water pressure differential and temperature are within
requirements. Proceed testing with caution to ensure the UTT message does not continue. If message
still occurs, please contact AMETEK Technical Support.
Local Control
NONE
Remote Programming
NONE
3. INPUT CONTACTOR CONTROL:
AMREL’s eLOAD provides a selectable dc Contactor control signal via the INPUT CONTACTOR
feature. A TTL active high signal (+5Vdc) or TTL active low signal (0Vdc) will be delivered to the
Port_0 (Pin 9) of the 12-pin External Programming Port prior to the eLOAD input turning on and
after the eLOAD turns off, to activate/deactivate an external contactor/relay. To allow time for an
external dc contactor to open or close and activate the output of the DUT, the Input Contactor feature
offers a programmable delay (50 ~ 500ms) that will delay the eLOAD input during load on sequence
and the Port_0 signal during load off sequence. The TTL signal is useful for controlling driver
circuits for external relays or contactors to isolate an eLOAD system from high power DUT during
the off-state of the testing application.
Port 0+ @ On
M470039-01 REV B
TTL-High Control Signal at input on;
Page 117
Port 0- @ On
Disable
Delay
TTL-Low Control Signal at input on;
Disable Input Contactor function; Port_0 function released
Time delay constant before input on and after input off.
Parameter: 50~500ms
Typical eLOAD Turn-on Sequence
1) Close External Contactor/Relay
2) DUT output On (During Delay)
3) eLOAD input On
Typical eLOAD Turn-off Sequence
1) eLOAD input Off
2) DUT Output Off (During Delay)
3) Open External Contactor/Relay
Local Control
MENU
LOAD CONTROL
INPUT CONTACTOR
CONTROL
DELAY
DISABLE
PORT0 + @ ON
PORT0 - @ ON
50ms ~ 500ms
Remote Programming
[SOURce:]INPut:CONtactor
This command configures the INPUT CONTACTOR Mode
Command Syntax
Parameters
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
INPut:CONtactor <mode>
1: DISABLE | 2: PORT0+ @ ON | 3: PORT0+ @ ON
INPut:CONtactor?
1|2|3
[SOURce:]INPut:CONtactor:DELay
This command configures the INPUT CONTACTOR Mode
Command Syntax
Parameters
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
INPut:CONtactor:DELay <delay-time>
50 ~ 500ms
INPut:CONtactor:DELay?
50 ~ 500ms
4. Ultra-low CC & CP and Ultra-high CR Ranges (Optional Feature)
Project requirements are dynamic and over a long time span and often times it may need high-current
applications one day and ultra-low current applications the next. AMREL eLOAD offers an Ultralow range CC and CP mode and a Ultra-high range CR mode utilizing a unique dual-shunt design
which provides precise, accurate, high-resolution and repeatable measurements in thousands of Amps
and down to tens of Amps in a single box. The purchase of a single system over the lifetime of the
project will yield incredible cost savings in ROI and satisfy dynamic application demands.
Constant Current Ultra Low (CCUL) Range –
M470039-01 REV B
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•
•
•
Programming Accuracy: .05% of Setting + .05% of CCUL Max Current
Read back and Measurement: .05% of Reading + .05% of CCUL Max Current
Resolution: 14 Bits
Constant Power Ultra Low (CPUL) Range –
• Programming Accuracy: 1% of Setting + .1% of CPUL Max Power
• Read back and Measurement: .05% of Reading + .1% of CPUL Max Power
• Resolution: 14 Bits
Constant Resistance Ultra High (CRUH) Range –
• Programming Accuracy: Please refer to Specifications
• Read back and Measurement: Please refer to Specifications
• Resolution: 14 Bits
Important Notes for CCUL, CPUL and CRUH:
1) Cross Mode or Cross Range from one of the normal operating modes into one of the ultra
modes will cause the eLOAD input to disable and not sink any power
2) The maximum current loading in CPUL and CRUH is (.01*IMAX)
Local Control:
MODE
RANGE
CONSTANT CURRENT
(PRESS CC HOT KEY)
AUTO
MANU ULO
MANU LOW
MANU MID
MANU HI
CONSTANT POWER
(PRESS CP HOT KEY)
AUTO
MANU ULO
MANU LOW
MANU MID
MANU HI
CONSTANT RESISTANCE
(PRESS CR HOT KEY)
AUTO
MANU LOW
MANU MID
MANU HI
MANU UHI
Remote Programming:
[SOURce:]MODe:RANGe
The commands sets and query the operating range at the current operating mode.
Command Syntax
Parameters
M470039-01 REV B
MODe:RANGe <NR1>
range index
0 – Low Range
1 – Middle Range
Page 119
2 – High Range
3 – Ultra High/Ultra Low Range
MODe:RANGe?
<NR1>, range index number
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
5. Step Mode Modification
The Step Operation for the eLOAD has been modified to provide 256 set points for the step operation.
In the older version firmware, the 256 set points are separated into 4 profiles of 256 steps, which
limited the amount of total programmable step set points. The latest firmware revision combines all
set points into a single profile of 256 steps
STEP MODE
In step mode, the eLOAD generates customized sequence of different input levels up to a maximum of 256 steps (points)
for each mode, with dwell times from 1ms to 65535 ms. The step sequence can be cycled for one up to 65535 count(s) or
infinity for unlimited repeat. At the end of the step cycle count, turn transient level off and then on to restart the step
cycle and count.
i
t0
t1
t2
t3
T4
t5
t6
t7
t8
Tn+1
STEP: The Step mode will repeat the step cycle until the end of the dwell time without the need for a trigger
signal. Once transient level is activated, the STEP mode will start as well.
STEP AUTO: The Step Auto mode will traverse through the user-defined step cycle until the end of the dwell
time upon the receiving a trigger signal.
Note: When triggering the STEP AUTO function via the front panel, when the step is activated (it will show “AUTO”),
the step cycle will repeat itself until the end of the Step Parameter setting. If the STEP AUTO function is triggered via
PC, the step has to be triggered using a *TRG or TRIG command after the transient level is turned on.
STEP ONCE: The STEP ONCE function will only activate the first step in the step cycle until the next
trigger signal is received.
Note: For front panel operation, the STEP ONCE function will only activate the first step in the step cycle. For PC
operation, by sending a *TRG or TRIG command with transient on, the next step in the step cycle can be activated.
Typical Application: Simulating battery drain for testing portable, battery powered products. A cellular phone, for
example, has complex battery discharge characteristics due to its different operating modes. A load profile can be created
using the eLOAD load to simulate those characteristics.
M470039-01 REV B
Page 120
Step Remote Operation
STEP
⇒ Step Programming Functions
This subsystem programs the stepping functions for stepping mode. The number of loops, step values, and dwell times
are programmed for a specified operating mode.
[SOURce:]STEP:COUNt
This command sets the number of times that the STEP is executed before it is completed. The command accepts
parameters in the range 1 through 65535, or infinity (0). Program “0 (infinity)” as the command parameter will execute a
STEP indefinitely.
Command Syntax
Parameters
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
STEP:COUNt <NR1> | INFinity
0 | INF(0) | 1 TO 65535 | MIN | MAX
STEP:COUNt?
<NR1>, Loop Count
[SOURce:]STEP:CURRent[:LEVel]
This command specifies the current setting for each step.
Command Syntax
Parameters
Query Syntax
Parameters
Returned Parameters
STEP:CURRent <NR1>,<NRf+>
<NR1> point index, 1 through 256
<NRf+> current level for specified point. Refer to model specifications for
range | MIN | MAX
STEP:CURRent? <NR1>
<NR1> point index, 1 through 256
<NRf+> current level for specified point
[SOURce:]STEP:CURRent:TIMe?
This command specifies the dwell time for each STEP step. Each value of point represents the time in milli-seconds that
the input will remain at the particular STEP step point before completing the step. At the end of the dwell time, the input
of the electronic load depends upon the following conditions:
■ If STEP:CURRent:STATe ON has been programmed, the input automatically changes to the
next point in the STEP.
■ If STEP:CURRent:STATe AUTO has been programmed, the input awaits for a trigger
command to change to the next point in the STEP.
■ If STEP:CURRent:STATe ONCE has been programmed, the input remains at the present
level until a trigger sequences the next point in the STEP.
Command Syntax
Parameters
Unit
Query Syntax
Parameters
Returned Parameters
STEP:CURRent:TIMe <NR1>,<NR1>
1st <NR1>, point index
2nd <NR1>, 0 to 65535 | MIN | MAX
ms
STEP:CURRent:TIMe? <NR1>
<NR1> point index
<NR1> dwelling time value in ms
[SOURce:]STEP:CURRent:STATe
This command specifies how to process the STEP sequencing. The following parameters may be specified.
■
■
ON Causes the entire STEP to be executed immediately, paced by its dwell delays. As each dwell
delay elapses, the next point is immediately executed.
ONCE Causes the STEP to advance only one point after each trigger. Triggers that arrive during a
dwell delay are ignored
M470039-01 REV B
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■
AUTO Causes the entire STEP to be executed sequentially after the starting trigger, paced by its
dwell delays. As each dwell delay elapses, the next point is immediately executed.
Command Syntax
Parameters
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
STEP:CURRent:STATe <NR1>
0 | OFF(0) | 1 | ON(1) | 2 | AUTO(2) | 3 | ONCE(3)
STEP:CURRent:STATe?
<NR1>
0=OFF
1=ON
2=AUTO
3=ONCE
NOTE: Please refer to the eLOAD Programming manual and Operation Manual for further Step Operation and
comprehensive Step SCPI Commands.
6. OSC Range Selection
The OSC Range selection now includes DISABLE + DEFAULT, DISABLE + OSC1, DISABLE +
OSC2 & DISABLE + OSC3. With the new selections, the eLOAD provides more bandwidth
selections for applications with dc load + ac perturbation. The DISABLE OSC range will stop
detection of oscillating conditions; in the case ac + dc inputs are required for testing applications.
Local Control
MENU
LOAD CONTROL
OSCILLATE
OSC CONTROL
DEFAULT
OSC1
OSC2
OSC3
DEFAULT + DISABLE
OSC1 + DISABLE
OSC2 + DISABLE
OSC3 + DISABLE
Remote Programming
SYSTem:OSCillate:PROTection
This command selects the Bandwidth (selects the programmable slew rate range) of the eLOAD and enables/disables
Oscillation Protection.
Command Syntax
Parameters
SYST:OSC:PROT <OSC mode>
<OSC Mode>
0: DEFAULT
1: OSC1
2: OSC2
3: OSC3
4: DEFAULT + disabled
5: OSC1 + disabled
6: OSC2 + disabled
7: OSC3 + disabled
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
M470039-01 REV B
SYST:OSC:PROT?
0~7
Page 122
7. Interlock Function
The Interlock Function provides the capability to remotely enable and disable the eLOAD input. In addition,
the interlock can be used for system level applications, where it is used as a redundant protection that forces
the eLOAD Input to the off state in the case of alarms or protection trips. The Interlock control states can be
configured, please see below.
Local Control
MENU
LOAD CONTROL
TRIGGER
ACTION EXT.
NONE
INTLOCK INTLOCK +
Important Notes:
1) The Trigger Source (LOAD CONTROL TRIGGER SOURCE) must be set to “External”
2) When “Interlock –“ is selected: Low/0Vdc – Disables Input, High/5Vdc – Enables Input
3) When “Interlock +“ is selected: Low/0Vdc – Enables Input, High/5Vdc – Disables Input
4) Trigger_In pin is internally pulled high, with reference to EGND pin. Open = High, EGND = Low.
Remote Programming
TRIGger:ACTion:PROTection
This command selects the Bandwidth (selects the programmable slew rate range) of the eLOAD and enables/disables
Oscillation Protection.
Command Syntax
Parameters
TRIG:ACT:PROT <Action Number>
<Action Number>
0: NONE
1: INTERLOCK 2: INTERLOCK +
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
TRIG:ACT:PROT?
0~2
8. STEP TIME UNIT
This function allows user to select the step time base unit from millisecond to second, which enhanced the
maximum dwell time (step time) from 65535ms to 65535s per step point. Up to 256 step points are user
programmable. This function will help user to perform long term dynamic loading burn in type of applications
or similar.
Local Control
MENU
M470039-01 REV B
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LOAD CONTROL
STEP PARAM.
MODE
COUNT
TIME UNIT
STEP
STEP AUTO
STEP ONCE
1 ~ INFINITY
MILLISECOND
SECOND
Remote Programming
STEP:TIM[e]:UNIT
This command selects the time base unit for STEP Operation between millisecond or second.
Command Syntax
Parameters
STEP:TIM:UNIT <Action Number>
<Action Number>
0: millisecond
1: second
Query Syntax
Returned Parameters
Default
TRIG:ACT:PROT?
0 |1
0: millisecond
9. OVER POWER WARNING MESSAGE (OP):
The eLOAD has an Over Power Protection function set at 105% of rated power. If the power based on DC input
terminals voltage and current exceeds 105% of rated power, the unit will display a warning message “OP” and the load
will limit input current level to maintain the input power to prevent unit from over overload. Over temperature protection
may trip if the input power exceeds the rated power persistently.
Local Control
NONE
Remote Programming
NONE
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10. PV SWEEP Function
Sweep feature for PV test. Please refer to the descriptions below for details of Sweep
operation on eLoad devices. * A graphical PC Software for ELOAD Sweep control is
available online for download.
1. SCPI commands
a.
Description: enter/leave sweep operation mode.
Usage: SWE[EP]:ENAB[LE] 0 | OFF | 1 | ON
SWE[EP]:ENAB[LE]?
0, OFF: leave sweep mode.
1, ON : enter sweep mode.
NOTE: 1. while in sweep mode front panel display and key definition will be different from normal
Load operation mode.
b.
Description: type of sweep mode.
Usage: SWE[EP]:MOD[E] CURR | CC | VOLT | CV | RES | CR | POW | CP | PV
SWE[EP]:MOD[E] ?
CURR, CC:
VOLT, CV :
RES, CR :
POW, CP :
PV :
constant current sweep mode
constant voltage sweep mode
constant resistance sweep mode
constant power sweep mode.
Photovoltaic sweep mode.
NOTE: 1. while in PV mode, CV sweep operation will be done, and will also do Isc, Voc test.
2. Isc stand for current measurement while short-circuit.
3. Voc stand for voltage measurement while open-circuit.
c.
Description: dwelling time of each sweep step.
Usage: SWE[EP]:STEP:TIM[E] <step time>
SWE[EP]:STEP:TIM[E]?
<step time>: value between 100 and 60000 in unit of mini-second.
NOTE: (none)
d.
Description: step value increased/decreased of each sweep step.
Usage: SWE[EP]:STEP:VAL[UE] <step value>
SWE[EP]:STEP:VAL[UE]?
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<step value>: value between 0 and max. value of mode.
NOTE: 1. step value MUST NOT be 0, or "ERR 3" message will display on front panel while
launching sweep operation, and sweep state code will be -3(while query by SWE:STAT?)
e.
Description: the last value for sweep step.
Usage: SWE[EP]:STOP:VAL[UE] <stop value>
SWE[EP]:STOP:VAL[UE]?
<stop value>: value between 0 and max. value of mode.
NOTE: 1. stop value MUST NOT be the same as start value , or "ERR 2" message will display
on front panel while launching sweep operation, and sweep state code will be -2(while
query by SWE:STAT?)
f.
Description: the first value for sweep step.
Usage: SWE[EP]:STAR[T]:VAL[UE] <start value>
SWE[EP]:STAR[T]:VAL[UE]?
<start value>: value between 0 and max. value of mode.
NOTE: 1. start value MUST NOT be the same as stop value , or "ERR 2" message will display
on front panel while launching sweep operation, and sweep state code will be -2(while
query by SWE:STAT?)
g.
Description: control or query the sweep state
Usage: SWE[EP]:STAT[E] 0 | OFF | 1 | ON
SWE[EP]:STAT[E]?
0, OFF: force sweep operation to stop
1, ON : launch sweep operation
NOTE: 1. while sweep operation is stopped by "SWE:STAT OFF", "ERR 5" message will display
on front panel, and sweep state code will be -5(while query by SWE:STAT?)
2. meaning of query value:
0 - idle or sweep done
1 - sweep started.
2 - sweep is waiting
3 - sweep is in operation
4 - Isc test is in operation
5 - Voc test is in operation.
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-1 - sweep halt, because (start value + step value) > stop value.
-2 - sweep halt, because start value == stop value.
-3 - sweep halt, because step value == 0.
-4 - sweep halt, too many step to operate. (no more than 1000 steps)
-5 - sweep halt by "SWE:STAT 0" or front panel control.
-6 - sweep halt by protected trip.
h.
Description: query number of valid data records sampled available.
Usage: SWE[EP]:DATA:COUN[T]?
NOTE: (none)
i.
Description: query data record sampled in sweep operation
Usage: SWE[EP]:DATA:VAL[UE]? <record number>
<record number> - value between 1 and number got by "SWEEP:DATA:COUNT?"
response format: <set value> <measured voltage> <measured current>
<set value> - value set for this step
<measured voltage> - voltage measured in this step
<measured current> - current measured in this step
NOTE: (none)
j.
Description: query current measured while short-circuit.
Usage: SWE[EP]:ISC?
NOTE: 1. This value is ONLY valid in PV sweep mode.
k.
Description: query voltage measured while open-circuit.
Usage: SWE[EP]:VOC?
NOTE: 1. This value is ONLY valid in PV sweep mode.
2. Front panel operation for LPL with VFD display
a. Sweep disabled mode - eLoad operate in normal mode when "SWEEP:ENABLE OFF".
(refer to manual for details of front panel operation.)
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b. Sweep enabled mode - eLoad operate in sweep mode when "SWEEP:ENABLE ON".
VFD display format - first line of VFD display meter value, while second line of VFD display sweep state
like example message below.
"L SWP OFF"
- sweep idle state in low range.
"M SWP WAITING" - sweep start waiting in middle range.
"H SWP STEP 5"
- sweep operating at 5th step in high range.
"L SWP STEP VOC" - sweep operating at open-circuit in low range.
"L SWP STEP ISC" - sweep operating at short-circuit in low range.
"M SWP STEP ERR 3" - sweep operation halted with error code 3.
Key definition - only INPUT ON/OFF, CLEAR, ENTER, and UTILITY keys are valid.
INPUT ON/OFF
UTILITY
CLEAR
ENTER
- press this key to start/stop sweep operation.
- press this key to access menu tree.
- press this key to show OEM message, clear protection, or
clear sweep error.
- press this key to show FF, Pm, Voc, Isc, Vmp, Imp value.
Definition of values:
FF: fill factor in %
Pm: max. power value
Voc: measured voltage of open-circuit test
Isc: measured current of short-circuit test
Vmp: measured voltage at max. power step.
Imp: measured current at max. power step.
3. Front panel operation for PLA/PLW new front panel
a. Sweep disabled mode - eLoad operate in normal mode when "SWEEP:ENABLE OFF".
b. Sweep enabled mode - eLoad operate in sweep mode when "SWEEP:ENABLE ON".
LCD display format - second line of LCD display sweep state like example message below.
"L SWP OFF"
- sweep idle state in low range.
"M SWP WAITING" - sweep start waiting in middle range.
"H SWP STEP 5"
- sweep operating at 5th step in high range.
"L SWP STEP VOC" - sweep operating at open-circuit in low range.
"L SWP STEP ISC" - sweep operating at short-circuit in low range.
"M SWP STEP ERR 3" - sweep operation halted with error code 3.
hot key with led definition - only STEP is valid which will launch or stop sweep operation.
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utility key definition - only CLEAR, ENTER, and UTILITY keys are valid.
UTILITY
CLEAR
ENTER
- press this key to access menu tree.
- press this key to show OEM message, clear protection, or
clear sweep error.
- press this key to show FF, Pm, Voc, Isc, Vmp, Imp value.
Definition of values:
FF: fill factor in %
Pm: max. power value
Voc: measured voltage of open-circuit test
Isc: measured current of short-circuit test
Vmp: measured voltage at max. power step.
Imp: measured current at max. power step.
4. Sweep control menu tree
UTILITY --> SWEEP CONTROL --> ENABLE
--> MODE
--> START VALUE
--> STOP VALUE
--> STEP VALUE
--> STEP TIME
M470039-01 REV B
--> OFF/ON
--> PV/CV/CC/CR/CP
--> start value of sweep step
--> stop value of sweep step
--> step value +- of sweep step
--> dwelling time of sweep step
Page 129
11. Master-Slave Parallel Operation
The eLOAD provides Master/Slave configuration at all modes with current sharing capability. Please
refer to the steps below for eLOAD configuration and control.
Available Mode Ranges
* CC Mode High Range
* CP Mode High Range
* CR Mode Low Range
* CV Mode Low Range
* CV Mode Mid Range
* CV Mode Hi Range
Rear View
Setup Configuration
GPIB/RS-232/USB/ETHERNET
Master
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
External Programming Port
Slave 1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Definition
+Sense
-Sense
AGND (EXT_GND)
EXT PRG
VMON
IMON
NC
FAULT
PORT OUT
TRIGIN
TRIGOUT
EGND
External Programming Port
Slave 2
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
Pin
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
External Programming Port
External Programming Port
…………….
M470039-01 REV B
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More devices can be paralleled by daisy chain the Trig_Out of each
unit to the Trig_In of the other unit for digital control signal and by
connecting the IMON of the Master unit to the EXT_PRG of the
Slave units for analog control signal. Be sure the signal return is
different between digital signal (EGND) and analog signal (AGND).
Connect the RY_NO of each Slave unit to RI of Master unit for
System Fault operation.
eLOAD Configuration – Master eLOAD
1) Mode Control:
Press the CC/CV/CR/CP hot keys to activate the operating mode.
2) Manual Range Control: RANGE L,M and H
NOTE: Current Range can be changed to accommodate different current settings – L: 10% of IMAX, M: 50% of
IMAX, and H: 100% of IMAX.
3) Set Main Level: Set Main Level to 0 if it is EXT Programming only
4) Set Master+Slave:
a. Press ENTER and “.” Simultaneously(activate the back door menu)
b. Press ENTER and LOCAL simultaneously(activate Master/Slave menu)
c. Select the system configuration by key 4 and key 6 or scrolling flywheel and press
ENTER
Master only (Default)
Master + 1 Slave
Master + 2 Slaves
Master + 3 Slaves
Master + 4 Slaves
Master + 5 Slaves
5) Set RI live:
UTILITY SYSTEM INHIBIT CONTROL LATCHED LIVE
6) Set Trigger Source:
a. Access the Trigger Source Selection Menu from the Utility Menu
LOCAL (MENU)
LOAD CONTROL
TRIGGER
SOURCE
b. Press Enter to configure Trigger Source Selection
c. Select the required trigger source
7) Set Input Contactor Control:
M470039-01 REV B
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a. Access the Port_0 TTL output to activate/deactivate the Salve units
(MENU) LOAD CONTROL INPUT CONTACTOR
ON
b. Press Enter to have TTL high at Port_0 when Input On
c. Program the delay 0ms to 500ms if necessary
LOCAL
CONTROL PORT0 + @
8) Select System Bandwidth:
MENU LOAD CONTROL OSCILLATE OSC. CONTROL
OSC3 – Rising and Falling Time = 500 µs; Slew time of Master should
be slower than Slave
9) Saving the Configuration: Menu PROFILE RESET Enter to update the operating
Min/Max ranges (It needs to reset again once changed back to Master only)
eLOAD Configuration – Slave eLOAD
1) Manual Range Control:
RANGE MANUAL High only
NOTE: It should be high range only in order to have same current setting controlled by IMON from Master unit.
2) Mode Control: CC Mode only
3) EXT.CONTROL: Set EXT control on
4) Set Main Level: Set Current Level to 0Adc
5) Trigger Source: Set Trigger Source External
6) Set Interlock:
a.
Access the Trigger Source Selection Menu from the Utility Menu
b.
c.
LOCAL (MENU) LOAD CONTROL TRIGGER ACTION EXT INTLOCK ─
Press Enter to configure TTL low at TRIG_IN to disable Input
Press INPUT Hot Key on which will be flashing and waiting for trigger to turn on later.
7) INPUT always ON
LOCAL (MENU)
LOAD CONTROL
BOOT INPUT
ON
8) Select System Bandwidth:
MENU
LOAD CONTROL OSCILLATE OSC. CONTROL
OSC1 – Rising and Falling Time = 100 µs; it can be default 50us if necessary
9) Saving the Configuration: Menu
M470039-01 REV B
PROFILE
SAVE
0
Page 132
Note: Location 0 will be stored in the non-volatile memory of the eLOAD and will be loaded each
time the eLOAD is rebooted, however it will be combined with the factory default configuration.
Other profile locations 1, 2, & 3 can be used, but will need to be loaded each time the eLOAD is
rebooted.
It needs to press the Slew Hotkey again after changing the slew time setting.
It needs to add the additional filter board at the input terminal in order to keep the stability at CV
mode.
REMOTE INHIBIT (RI) & DRY CONTACTS ALARM PIN DEFINITION
In the case of fault conditions, the eLOAD provides an externally short-activated emergency shut-off port (Remote Inhibit)
that will disengage the eLOAD operation. For added protection, normal and deviant conditions can be identified by the
Dry Contacts Alarm, which utilizes Normal Open (RY_NO) and Normal Close (RY_NC) relays as alarm indicators for
customization of external protection systems. In the case of a protection or AC power loss, the RY_NO will short (closed)
and RY_NC will be opened to indicate a fault/deviant condition, either contact can be used to trigger an external alarm.
SLAVE PIN 5 GOES TO MASTER PIN 1
SLAVE PIN 4 GOES TO MASTER PIN 2
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Page 133
Pin Number
Pin Definition
1 – RI+
Remote Inhibited (RI) is used as an emergency switch to disable
the system. RI can be connecting to a switch or an open
collector device that shorts the RI pin to common (EGND)
whenever it is necessary to disable input of the unit. Once RI is
activated, it will turn off the dc output. In order to re-activate the
unit, the connection between common and RI pin needs to be
open again, and it will have 3 seconds delay.
The EGND return path for RI+ pin. Shorting RI+ and RI- (Pin 1
& Pin 2) will trigger RI protection.
Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of
AC power or protections are triggered. The fault alarm outputs
provide a normally closed relay configuration that provides
user’s flexibility and isolation required to an external controller
or an external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second
Relay Common. Provides the common (reference) connection
only for RY_NC or RY_NO
Dry Contacts alarm: a fault alarm is declared if there is a loss of
AC power or protections are triggered. The fault alarm outputs
provide a normally open relay configuration that provides user’s
flexibility and isolation required to an external controller or an
external alarm panel. The delay is 3 second.
2 – RI3 – RY_NC
4 – RY_CO
5 – RY_NO
System Spec with the same models in parallel
N =Number of Slave + 1,
P=Power rating of Master,
I=Current rating of Master,
R=Resistance rating of Master,
S=Slew time of Master should be less than the slew time of Slave
Psystem=P x N
Isysetm=I x N
Rsysetm=R/N
Ssystem-min=S x N if Master slew-time=Slave slew-time
Accuracy and Offset = Master Specification x N
Slew Time = Master Specification X N
System Spec with the same models in parallel
1) With the same models, this configuration can be working as one single unit with increased power and current rating.
2) To further improve current accuracy in Master+Slave configuratio. User can perform current calibration even in
Master+Slaves mode.
3) It still has all the step, transient or pulse features. Slave slew time must be set to ½ of Master’s slew time.
4) The CC-Low, CC-Mid, CP-Low, CP-Mid, CR-Mid, CR-High for won't be used Master-Slave configuration.
5) It could have stability issue at CV mode with very low current level and it also depends upon the wiring and DUT. It would
be better adding equivalent RC filter at the input terminal for this case.
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THIS PAGE IS INTEND TO BE BLANK
M470039-01 REV B
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SEVEN: SPECIFICATION AND POWER CURVE
COMMON SPECIFICATIONS
M470039-01 REV B
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1 – All Mode Specification measure by slow band and 25ºC room temperature unless otherwise specified
2 – Transient Mode Specification must be x2
3– Please contact AMETEK Technical Support for a full detail datasheet / power curve for a specific eLOAD model.
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Page 137
PLA POWER CURVE
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PLW POWER CURVE
M470039-01 REV B
Page 139
APPENDIX A: PEL & PLA/PLW COMMAND COMPATIBILITY TABLE
PEL & PLA/PLW Driver Compatibility Configuration
For PEL and PLA/PLW driver compatibility, the following procedures are needed.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Power on unit
Utility Profile Recall 1
Recall profile 1
Exit Menu
Run ARPEL program (program can be installed from the driver file from the CD-ROM or the FTP site)
Configure GPIB address/RS-232 Speed
Click Start
The ARPEL program provides simple click and select menus to control functions on the load as well as a command
prompt for entering SCPI commands.
PEL & PLA/PLW Command Compatibility Table
The table on the next page is to explain the difference between the PEL and PLA/PLW command syntax and parameters.
Under the “PEL Syntax & Parameters” and “PLA/PLW Syntax & Parameters” columns, it lists the commands that will
need adjustments when entering it. Please refer to the following table for PEL and PLA/PLW command syntax
descriptions:
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PEL & PLA/PLW PROGRAMMING
COMMAND COMPATIBILITY CHART
PEL COMMANDS
INP[?]
INP[:STAT][?]
SHOR
INP:SHOR[:STAT][?]
SET[?]
VSET[?]
VOLT[:LEV][:IMM][?]
VOLT[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
ISET[?]
CURR[:LEV][:IMM][?]
CURR[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
RSET[?]
RES[:LEV][:IMM][?]
RES[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
PSET[?]
POW[:LEV][:IMM][?]
POW[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
TR[?]
TLEV[?]
VTR[?]
VOLT:TLEV[?]
ITR[?]
CURR:TLEV[?]
RTR[?]
RES:TLEV[?]
PTR[?]
POW:TLEV[?]
PLA & PLW
COMMANDS
PLA Syntax &
Parameters
INP[?]
INP[:STAT][?]
SHOR
INP:SHOR[:STAT][?]
SET[?]
VSET[?]
VOLT[:LEV][:IMM][?]
VOLT[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
ISET[?]
CURR[:LEV][:IMM][?]
CURR[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
RSET[?]
RES[:LEV][:IMM][?]
RES[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
PSET[?]
POW[:LEV][:IMM][?]
POW[:LEV]:TRIG[?]
TR[?]
TLEV[?]
VTR[?]
VOLT:TLEV[?]
ITR[?]
CURR:TLEV[?]
RTR[?]
RES:TLEV[?]
PTR[?]
POW:TLEV[?]
SLEW[?]
SLEW[?]
VOLT:SLEW[?]
CURR:SLEW[?]
RES:SLEW[?]
POW:SLEW[?]
VOLT:SLEW[?]
CURR:SLEW[?]
RES:SLEW[?]
POW:SLEW[?]
M470039-01 REV B
PEL Syntax &
Parameters
Check PEL Slew Rate
Specifications
1) PLA/PLW slew
rate based on Slew
Rate Specifications
2) For PLA/PLW to
PEL slew rate
conversion, use the
following conversion
equation: [(Trans
Value - Main
Value)/[Desired Slew
Time (ms)] (A/us)]
(Note: This command
will change both +/Slew Rate Value)
Page 141
DUTY[?]
DUTY[?]
VOLT:DUTY[?]
CURR:DUTY[?]
RES:DUTY[?]
POW:DUTY[?]
VOLT:DUTY[?]
CURR:DUTY[?]
RES:DUTY[?]
POW:DUTY[?]
FREQ[?]
FREQ[?]
VOLT:FREQ[?]
CURR:FREQ[?]
RES:FREQ[?]
POW:FREQ[?]
MEAS:VOLT[:DC][?]
MEAS:CURR[:DC][?]
MEAS:DEL[?]
VOLT:PROT:OVER[?]
CURR:PROT:OVER:[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND[?]
CURR:PROT:UND[?]
POW:PROT:UND[?]
VOLT:PROT:OVER:DEL[?
CURR:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
CURR:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
VOLT:LIM:MAX[?]
CURR:LIM:MAX[?]
RES:LIM:MAX[?]
POW:LIM:MAX[?]
VOLT:LIM:MIN[?]
CURR:LIM:MIN[?]
RES:LIM:MIN[?]
POW:LIM:MIN[?]
VOLT:FREQ[?]
CURR:FREQ[?]
RES:FREQ[?]
POW:FREQ[?]
MEAS:VOLT[:DC][?]
MEAS:CURR[:DC][?]
MEAS:DEL[?]
VOLT:PROT:OVER[?]
CURR:PROT:OVER:[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND[?]
CURR:PROT:UND[?]
POW:PROT:UND[?]
VOLT:PROT:OVER:DEL[?
CURR:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:OVER:DEL[?]
VOLT:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
CURR:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
POW:PROT:UND:DEL[?]
VOLT:LIM:MAX[?]
CURR:LIM:MAX[?]
RES:LIM:MAX[?]
POW:LIM:MAX[?]
VOLT:LIM:MIN[?]
CURR:LIM:MIN[?]
RES:LIM:MIN[?]
POW:LIM:MIN[?]
MODe?
MODe?
MODe CC
MODe:CURR
MODe CV
MODe:VOLT
MODe CR
MODe:RES
MODe CP
MODe:POW
MODe CC
MODe:CURR
MODe CV
MODe:VOLT
MODe CR
MODe:RES
MODe CP
MODe:POW
M470039-01 REV B
PEL Duty Range:
2~98
PLA/PLW/LPL Duty
Range 0~100
PEL Frequency
Range: 0.1 ~ 20 Khz
LPL/PLW/PLA
Frequency Range: 0.1
~ N Khz (N;
maximum range value
will vary by model)
PEL returns
CV/CC/CR/CP
PLA returns
VOLT/CURR/RES/P
OW
Page 142
MODe:RANGe <n>
MODe:RANGe? <MODE>
SYST:RANGe[?]
UTIL:STEP:LOOP[?]
<VAL>
UTIL:STEP:COUNT[?]
<VAL>
MODe:RANGe <n>
MODe:RANGe? <MODE>
SYST:RANGe[?]
UTIL:STEP:LOOP[?]
<VAL>
UTIL:STEP:COUNT[?]
<VAL>
STEP:TIME[?] <STEP
COUNT> <VAL>
STEP:TIME[?] <STEP
COUNT> <VAL>
STEP:VALue <STEP
COUNT> <VALUE>
STEP:VALue <STEP
COUNT> <VALUE>
UTIL:MEAS:SENSE
UTIL:EOI
UTIL:MEAS:SENSE
UTIL:EOI
UTIL:TR:MODE
UTIL:TR:MODE
UTIL:CURR[?] <VAL>
UTIL:RANG[?] <VAL>
UTIL:CURR[?] <VAL>
UTIL:RANG[?] <VAL>
M470039-01 REV B
0 (Infinity) ~ 99
0 (Infinity) ~ 65535
1 ~ 99
1~256
Step Count - 0~99;
VAL (Step Time) - 10
~ 600000 ms
Step Count - 0~99;
Step Value - Min to
Max Value of Mode
& Range
Step Count - 1~256;
VAL (Step Time) - 0 ~
65535 ms
Step Count - 1~256;
Step Value - Min to
Max Value of Mode &
Range
0 – CONTINUOUS;
1 – STEPPING;
2 – PULSE;
3 – TOGGLE
0 - TRIGger;
1 - CONTinuous;
2 - TOGGle;
3 - PULSe;
4 - STEP; 5 - AUTO;
6 - ONCE
Note: Using PEL
command to select
transient mode will
limit the transient
operation to only PEL
selections
Page 143
APPENDIX B: PLW – Cooling System Guidelines
1) GPM Requirements:
Model Type Water Temp (°C) GPM Model Type Water Temp (°C) GPM
PLW6K
PLW12K
PLW24K
10°C
2
15°C
PLW36K
10°C
12
2.5
15°C
15
20°C
3
20°C
18
10°C
4
10°C
16
15°C
5
15°C
20
20°C
6
20°C
24
10°C
8
10°C
20
15°C
10
15°C
25
20°C
12
20°C
30
PLW48K
PLW60K
AMETEK recommends installing a Water Flow Meter to Monitor GPM Flow
2) PLW HEATSINK TEMPERATURE VS GPM CURVES
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3) Pressure Requirements:
The Inlet Pressure or pressure differential should never exceed 70PSI. Please see below for
additional precautions.
A) Install a Pressure Regulator on the inlet end of the Water Cooling System. This will help
regulate the inlet water pressure. The Honeywell DialSet® Pressure Regulating Valve is a
good reference.
B) There may be circumstances where the water valve is latched open due to excessive inlet
pressure and GPM Flow. To identify this issue, simply monitor the water valve control
system and listen for water flow once the valve indicator LED has darkened. The water flow
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should be impeded. If flow continues, reduce GPM flow and Inlet Pressure and continue to
run test application. Monitor the front panel temperature reading (Go to
Menu Display Meter Mode P+T) and ensure it is operating below 40°C.
C) As good practice, AMETEK Recommends the installation of inlet and outlet pressure meters
to monitor the pressure differential in the system.
The recommended operating temperature of the eLOAD is between 36°C ~ 40°C and lower.
The GPM and Inlet Pressure can be adjusted to maintain the eLOAD operating temperature
within this range. Use the front panel temperature display to MONITOR the heat sink
temperature, go to (MENU DISPLAY METER MODE P+T).
As a rule of thumb, the water cooling requirements of the eLOAD is a combination of pressure,
GPM Flow, eLOAD operating Temperature and eLOAD Loading Level. The key is to monitor the
water valve operation and eLOAD temperature as a function of GPM Flow and Inlet Pressure.
Please use the guidelines below and run a couple of iterations of the water cooling cycle - to
ensure the water cooling system is operating normally.
D) The Water Valve will conduct between 30°C ~ 34°C (Valve LED Illuminated)
E) The Water Valve will close between 24°C ~ 28°C (Valve LED Off)
F) eLOAD Operating Temperature @ Full Power should be 36°C ~ 40°C (based on adequate
GPM Flow and Pressure)
G) Adjust GPM Flow & Pressure to maintain eLOAD operating temp at 36°C ~ 40°C
Additional Liquid Cooling Specifications
A) It is recommended that the system be check for water leaks before operation.
a. Check for water leaks by closing Water Switch – B.
b. Then opening Water Switch – A.
c. Turn the Load’s power ON and check for leaks (the power of the PLW must be ON in
order for water flow into the load).
B) Flow Meter’s inlet and outlet must be at least ½”.
C) Install a 150-micron filter at the water inlet. (Recommend)
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D) Never allow water to flow from outlet to inlet.
E) Inlet Coolant Temperature 5°C ~ 25°C
F) AMETEK Recommends utilization of De-ionized/Distilled Water or non-corrosive coolants
(pH level of 7)
G) Water Viscosity greater than 50 CST
H) When installing the inlet and outlet pipes, be careful not to over-torque the male pipe fittings
into the Inlet/Outlet pipe terminals. This additional force may crack the inlet and/or outlet
female piping on the eLOAD.
I) Water pressure must be less than 80 PSI in order for the valve to work properly.
J) To remove water or fluid inside the unit completely, the valve can be manually turn on by
supplying an external 12Vdc onto the unplugged 4pin green Valve connector. Insert air
pressure less than 80psi from each FLUID INLET until no water or fluid coming out from
FLUID OUTLET.
4) Anti-condensation Feature
Flow Control - The valve control system of the load is dependent of the heat sink temperature.
When the heat sink temperature increases above 28ºC, the water valve will turn on to decrease
the temperature. When the heat sink temperature drops to 19ºC, the valve will close. The
valve acts as a switch to prevent the internal heat sink temperature from dropping below 20ºC
or lower temperatures that may cause condensation to occur.
5) Maintenance – Liquid Solenoid Valve:
Required Maintenance Checks
As good practice, it is recommended to periodically check the liquid solenoid valves for clogs and
sediment build-up that may impede or decrease liquid flow. Please reference the procedures below
for liquid valve maintenance.
Liquid Valve Maintenance Check Procedures
1) Power off the unit, and release the water pressure from the piping system (water pressure
will need to be released in order to prevent water from gushing out of the inlet/outlet pipe
when disconnecting the water pipes). Locate the water valve on the rear panel of unit.
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2) Unplug the 12VDC connector (4 pin), remove the hexagonal nut and take off the coil
assembly.
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3) Remove the 4 screws securing the solenoid, and take off the solenoid assembly.
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4) Locate the black rubber diaphragm, and remove it. (Do not forcefully remove the rubber
diaphragm, it could be permanently damaged). After removing the solenoid valve assembly
from the PLW unit, look for any residue or sediments that may be clogging the system, and
ensure there are no build-ups around the internal components.
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5) Ensure rubber diaphragm has an air-tight fit with the piping system, and connect the solenoid
assembly back into place.
6) Fasten the screws slowly to make sure the four corners are balanced to prevent a leakage.
7) Place the coil assembly over the solenoid and re-bolt it tightly.
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8) Now the rubber diaphragm has been replaced and the load is ready for operation.
Possible Failure Symptoms
For PLW loads, due to slight solenoid valve factory imperfections or improper usage, the rubber
diaphragm of the water valve may tear after some usage and create a pressure leak. The result will
cause the a loud vibration sound, when the water valve is trying to turn on, due to the pressure leak,
the valve will be unable to open properly. Generally, when a loud vibrating noise is heard from water
valve during valve turn-on, there may be a defective rubber diaphragm, to verify please follow the
procedures below.
Begin with Steps 1 ~ 4 in previous section, and then continue to Step 9 below.
9) Separate the rubber diaphragm from the metal solenoid assembly.
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10) Inspect the rubber diaphragm to verify the defect/damage.
Good
11) Contact AMREL Technical Support and report the defective valve. A replacement will be
Tear
shipped shortly
12) Replace the rubber diaphragm and reconnect it back with the metal solenoid assembly.
Make sure the metal stub forms a snug fit with the rubber diaphragm groove (blue arrow).
Now, follow steps 5 ~ 8 in the Maintenance Check Section to reinstall the solenoid valve
assembly.
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6) MANIFOLD-4U / External piping kit installation for PLW.
AMREL standalone 4U height Water-cooled eLOAD unit is supplied with a coolant
distribution kit. Due to the different cooling system requirements, the external piping
kit is designed to convert two 3/8” NPT into one ½” NPT. To properly install the
coolant distribution kit, please refer to the following directions carefully.
Components included:
1) FLUID INLET distribution pipe x 1pcs
2)
INLET TOP interconnect pipe x 1pcs
3)
INLET BOTTOM interconnect pipe x 1pcs
4)
FLUID OUTLET distribution pipe x 1pcs
5)
OUTLET TOP interconnect pipe x 1pcs
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6)
OUTLET BOTTOM interconnect pipe x 1pcs
7)
Plastic Round Shim ½”ID, ¾”OD, 0.003” Thick x 4 pcs
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Installation Procedures:
Locate both the top and bottom FLUID INLET copper pipes.
Locate both the top and bottom FLUID OUTLET copper pipes.
Outlet top
Inlet top
Outlet bottom
Inlet bottom
Use pipe thread sealant PTFE tape wrap approximately 3 to 4 times around each pipe male
threads of each interconnect pipe, to ensure a tight seal and to prevent leak. Thoroughly clean
the male and female thread and wrap the tap in the direction of the thread spiral. PTFE tape
will not be included in the kit.
Install Plastic Round Shims (O-Rings) onto distribution pipes as picture below.
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*Recommended tools: adjustable ranch x 2pcs
Install INLET TOP interconnect pipe to female threaded pipe at PLW rear panel.
Install INLET BOTTOM interconnect pipe to female threaded pipe at PLW rear panel.
Using one ranch fixed position on the female threaded pipe at PLW rear panel, and
the other ranch torque carefully at the interconnect pipe, Tighten the male end
connection into the mating female end connection until hand-tight approximately 2
threads. Then tighten the male end connection until wrench-tight approximately 2
threads.
When installing the inlet and outlet pipes, be careful not to over-torque the male pipe
fittings into the Inlet/Outlet pipe terminals. This additional force may crack the inlet
and/or outlet female piping on the eLOAD.
Locate the FLUID INLET distribution pipe. Install onto the interconnect pipes.
Using one ranch fixed position on the interconnect pipes, and the other ranch torque
carefully at the distribution pipe.
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Install OUTLET TOP interconnect pipe to female threaded pipe at PLW rear panel.
Install OUTLET BOTTOM interconnect pipe to female threaded pipe at PLW rear
panel.Using one ranch fixed position on the female threaded pipe at PLW rear panel,
and the other ranch torque carefully at the interconnect pipe, Tighten the male end
connection into the mating female end connection until hand-tight approximately 2
threads. Then tighten the male end connection until wrench-tight approximately 2
threads.
Locate the FLUID OUTLET distribution pipe. Install onto the interconnect pipes.
Using one ranch fixed position on the interconnect pipes, and the other ranch torque
carefully at the distribution pipe.
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Installation Completed.
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APPENDIX C: PV SWEEP - PC Software Guide
SWEEP & PV OPERATION GUIDE
Revision History
First release 1.0
Start Program
When click on the icon, an interface selection window is pop-up to select communication interface
between PC and device. Please turn the knob to select interface, and change the interface
parameters, and click the
button to launch interface communication.
If interface successfully connect to eLoad device, control panel will pop-up for operation.
Access Control Panel
When interface successfully connect to device, a control panel will be displayed on the windows
desktop.
Note: For Solar PV testing, please use PV Mode
Sweep Operation & Data Capture
To start sweep operation, select sweep mode on
control, input sweep test case by
entering specified values in Start (Voltage), Stop (Voltage), Step (1mV ~ Vmax range), and Time
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(100ms ~ 60s range) control fields. The Step and Time parameters will configure the voltage
increment and sampling time at that voltage set point. Press
sweep is in operation, a message box
Window, until a pop-up box
button to launch sweep. While
will show sweep state at the center of
notify sweep operation is done successfully or has failed. If
sweep operation is done successfully, system automatically start data capture operation to retrieve
sampled data from devices, and accordingly captured data will be prompted to save into hard drive
in .csv file format, where data capture can also be done by pressing
button.
Save PV (CSV) Data Prompt
Two additional features for the PV Sweep
Function:
Input Off: eLOAD will not operate at max power point
Input On: eLOAD will operate at max power point
Panel Load: eLOAD will resume back to normal operation
Panel Sweep: eLOAD will show P-V Sweep display
Analysis by Graph
Captured data can be analyzed by pressing
button.
The analyze function will provide 2 choices for data display:
1) Data from File (Yes): This will load previous test data stored on the PC hard drive
2) Data from Buffer (No): This will load the current data stored in the PC Buffer
The P-V Sweep data will be presented on the P-V curve and I-V Sweep Data on the I-V Curve.
Please disregard the I-V Curve data, which is used for other applications.
I-V curve
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P-V curve (valid ONLY in PV mode)
Device Identification and Version Information
Device identification is serial number of device shown at the right side of control panel which look
like
, while version information is located at bottom of control panel and it look like
, where “1.01” is software version of this tool program, and “2.45” is device firmware
revision number.
Meter & Graph Display Control
There are three bullets (shown below) which can be controlled by checking on the bullets to decide
which graph or meter should be shown on desktop or hidden at background ,
(NOTE: P-V Curve bullet will ONLY exist in PV mode)
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Profile Load & Save
Proofed test cases can be saved to disk as a ,ini file for repeatedly accessing, which will
backup/restore all parameters in Control Panel. Refer to File->Profile menu shown below.
Descriptions of Meter, I-V Graph, and P-V Graph
While Meter can be shown on desktop when system connect to device. I-V graph, and P-V graph
can ONLY be shown on desktop, when there are valid data captured by system.
Description of Meter
We can monitor device status by the measured voltage, measured current, and measured
temperature shown on meter panel (see below), when we check bullet of meter
.
Description of I-V Graph
In the I-V graph (see below), X axis define configured value for each step of specified mode, left Y
axis define measured voltage value, and right Y axis define measured current value.
The meanings for fields at the bottom of graph,
Vmax - maximum measured voltage.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Vmin - minimum measured voltage.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Imax - maximum measured current.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Imin - minimum measured current .(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
V - cursor values of left Y axis for measured voltage in bule color
I - cursor values of right Y axis for measured current in green color
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Description of P-V Graph
In the P-V graph (see below), X axis define measured voltage value for each step, left Y axis define
measured current value, and right Y axis define measured power value.
The meanings for fields at the bottom of graph,
Imax - maximum measured current.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Imin - minimum measured current.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Pmax - maximum measured power.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
Pmin - minimum measured power.(@ at the right is its value of X axis)
I - cursor values of left Y axis for measured current in blue color
P - cursor values of right Y axis for measured power in green color
The meanings for fields at the right side of graph,
Voc - open-circuit measured voltage.
Isc - short-circuit measured current.
Vmp – measured voltage at maximun power.
Imp – measured current at maximum power.
Pm – measured maximum power.
FF – fill factor(%)
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