Dometic RM182B Service manual

Dometic RM182B Service manual
B)TDometic
SERVICE
United States
SERVICE OFFICE
DOMETIC SALES CORP
509 South Poplar
LaGrange, IN 46761
SERVICE MANUAL
Edition
2
REFRIGERATOR
RM182B
When ordering spare parts always state:
MODEL. QUANTITY * PART NUMBER * DESCRIPTION
For electric details also:
August 1982
VOLTAGE -WATTAGE
DSC #651
Diagnostic Service Manuals
TABLE OF CONTENTS
A.
B.
c.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
Installation Instructions
Instructions For Use RM182B
General Instructions
Sealed Combustion Unit
Ventilator (improved cooling performance)
Fuse - 12 Volt Circuit
Steps To Take When The Refrigerator Has Not
Been Used For A Long Period
Pilot Outage
Periodic Maintenance
Removal And Installation Of Refrigerator
Component Replacement
Replacing The Electric Heating Element
Replacing Voltage Selection Switch
Replacing Gas Shut-Off Valve (Gas-Cock)
Replacing Thermostat And Flame Failure Safety
Device (Safety Valve)
Replacing Thermo-current Adapter
Replacing Thermocouple
Replacing Spark Ignitor With Cable
Replacing Burner Jet
Cooling Unit Replacement
Removing The Air Pump And Replacing
The Piston (Joint Ring)
Wiring Diagram
Troubleshooting The Refrigerator- L.P. Gas
Troubleshooting The Refrigerator - Electric
Figures 1 through 15 RM 182 B
-l-
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
2
3
4
4
4
4
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
4
4
4
5
6
6
6
6
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
6 & 7
7
7
7
8
8
Page
Page
Page
Page
Page
9
9
l0
11
12 -
A.
INSTALLAT ION INSTRUCT IONS
The design of this refrigerator has been certified and approved by the American
Gas Association and the Canadian GAS Association for Recreational Vehicles.
This certification is dependent, however upon proper installation’-and the use of
the venting components as shown in these instructions.
Installation
The installation of the refrigerator must comply with local codes or in the absence of local codes the following American National Standards and Canadian Standards are applicable
In the USA:
In Canada:
ANSI z 223.1.- 1978 National Fuel Gas Code
ANSI c 1
1978 National Electric Code
CSA Std. Z 240.4. -
*Gas Equipped Recreational
Vehicles and Mobile Housing
*Note: Will be replaced by CSA Stds. Z 24o.4.1
a
n
d
Z24o.4.2. when available.
CSA Std. Z 24o.6.1. - Electrical Requirement for
Mobile Housing
CSA Std. Z 24o.6.2. - Electrical Requirement for
Recreat ional Vehicles
-2-
B.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE
RM182B
The Controls : Controls are located at the top of the refrigerator.
1.
Control Panel : Fig. 1 Page
1
___
“A” - Air Pump and Piezo Lighter
"B" - Safety Valve
"C" _ Thermostat for Gas and 120 Volt Operation (12 volt has no thermostat,
the unit runs continously)
Voltage Selector Switch
Gas Shut-Off Valve
Flame Pilot Sight Peep
2. Gas Operation
- Lighting
the Burner
_________
____________
____ ___________
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
3.
Place Voltage Switch "D" (Fig. 1) on position A , then place Gas
Valve "E" (Fig. 1) to position I
Turn thermostat "C" (Fig. 1) to maximum
Depress button "B" (Fig. 1) for 20 seconds to let gas flow to burner
Release button "B" and pump knob "A" (Fig. 1) 20 times DO NOT pump
until click is heard, stop short of this position.
Once again, press button "B" (Fig. 1) and hold, simultaneously pump
knob “A” (Fig. 1) several times until noticable click is heard (this
is Piezo Lighter).
When burner is lit, hold button "B' (Fig. 1) for at least lo seconds.
Flame may be observed through pilot sight peep "F" (Fig. 1) and ice
tray should show signs of cold after two hours.
Electrical _Operation
_______
1.
2.
Place Gas Valve "E" (Fig. 1) to position 0
Place Voltage Selector Switch "D" (Fig. 1) to the appropriate voltage.
NOTE: The 12 volt circuit is not thermostatically controlled, Because of an inserted relay, the 12 Volt operation is only possible
if the car ignition is switched on.
4.
Temperature
Control
_______________
_______
With the thermostat knob "C" (Fig. 1) set at the middle position, the
cabinet will automatically maintain a suitable temperature for ordinary
food storage. Usually, no further adjustment will be necessary, but in
hot weather, or when more cooling is required, the knob "C" (Fig. 1)
must be turned to a higher position.
If less cooling is required, the knob should be turned to a lower p o sition.
If knob "C" (Fig. 1) is turned completely to the left, the 120 Volt
circuit is switched off. During gas operation the same position corresponds to Minimum Cooling.
-3-
General Instructions
Sealed Combustion Unit
The sealed canbustion unit is made up of the burner, a fresh air intake and
exhaust pipes, and a vent/air-intake assembly in the wall.
The burner unit is completely sealed off’ from the interior of the van by means
of the two special inlet and outlet pipes. In the vent /air-intake assembly,
fresh air is drawn in one pipe and combusted gases are safely vented to the
outside through the other pipe.
Ventilator (Cooling Fan)
In order to improve the cooling performance under the difficult built-in situation and high ambient temperatures, a o,6 W ventilator is switched on automatically when the temperature around the condenser fins (behind the refrigerator) reaches 140~ F and switched off at 124 F.
NOTE:
The ventilator is connected to the 12 V-circuit in such a manner that it is
also operational during the 120 V and gas operations.
Fuse
For 12 V use the refrigerator is protected by a fuse installed in the general electrical circuit of the vehicle. If the fuse bums out, trace the cause
and correct it before fitting a new lo amp. fuse.
Steps To Take When The Refrigerator Has Not Been Used For A Long Period
If there has been a heavy rain, or the vehicle has been through a car wash,
water may have collected in the burner housing. This must be_ removed before
the gas is lit. For this, the sealing plug underneath the front of the refrigerator on the left is unscrewed from the drainage tube and the water is
allowed to escape. The sealing plug must then be carefully refitted since a
good seal is essential for the proper function of the combustion system._ Check
that the windscreen of the outside wall of the van is clean and remove any
dirt that is present.
Pilot Outage
It has been determined that this problem can be causedbya poor seal between
the slide for ventilation housing "E" (Fig.2) and the side wall of the vehicle.
When properly sealed, this plate acts as a baffle to protect the exhaust outlet tube from direct air flow. If this seal is not complete, air will be
allowed to flow between the plate and the side wall of the vehicle directly
into the exhaust outlet tube.
This problem can be caused by failure to tighten the mount "D" (Fig. 2) screws
properly, a bad gasket "F" (Fig.2) or a warped locating plate "E" (Fig. 2).
Periodic Maintenance
Once or twice a year, depending on use, it is necessary to clean and adjust
the burner assembly.
The burner ist fitted with a # 24 jet, which is suitable for use on Propane
or Butane gas at a supply pressure of 11 inches water column pressure. The
orifice in the jet is very small and must never be cleaned by means of a pin
or a similar instrument for this will damage the orifice. Should, for some
reason, the jet require cleaning, it should be washed in alcohol and blown
dry with air.
The entire gas installation should be checked for leaks. Test all pipe connections with soapy water, not with an open flame.
-4-
C.
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION OF REFRIGERATOR
Remova 1
1. Disconnect electrical supply. And make sure the gas supply is shut off at
its source.
2. Remove the vent /air-intake assembly on the van wall outside .
a. Unscrew three self-tapping screws (A,Fig.2)
then remove windscreen and separating plate
b. Unscrew four screws (D,Fig.2) of the fixing
fixing plate and gasket (F, Fig. 2) from the
the vent casing (H,Fig. 2).
of the windscreen (B,Fig.2)
(C, Fig. 2).
plate (E,Fig. 2) and remove
caravan wall (G, Fig. 2) to
3. Open and remove all three doors of the kitchen cabinet (Fig.3). Pull out drawer. Dismantle and remove shelves. Then lift door from hinge posts (Fig.3).
4. Remove three protective caps (A, Fig.4) from the refrigerator frame (B,Fig.4)
and unscrew the three screws that are behind the caps. Then on each side
through the doors, unscrew two phillips screws (C, Fig.4) from the walls of
the refrigerator.
5.
pull refrigerator frame forward in the lower right (Fig. 5,arrow A)
t en pull out the left groove according to arrow (B,Fig.S) toward the right.
F
6. Remove 120 V connection plug (A, Fig.6) from the socket, pull out 12 V plug
connection (B, Fig.6).
Unscrew threaded union of the gas-connection line (C,Fig.6) of the refrigerator.
7. Unscrew ventilation grill (A. Fig. 7) by removing two screws (B, Fig. 7) and
then remove refrigerator by pulling forward.
Installation
The installation is carried out in the reverse sequence to that described for
the removal of the refrigerator.
IMPORTANT:
After installation, check gas system for leaks, with soapy water.
NEVER USE A MATCH
-5-
D.
COMPONENT REPLACEMENT RM182B
NOTE:
For the removal of gas and electrical components and of the refrigerator
cooling unit, the refrigerator must be removed from the kitchen cabinet
(see chapter C) .
1. Replacing the electric heater
_____
1. Squeeze the heater insulation in direction of arrow (A,Fig. 8) until it
clicks open. Pull open the insulation in direction of arrow ( B,Fig. 8)
and remove it .
2. Unscrew fixing screw (C, Fig. 8) of the heater and remove the heater from
its pocket by pulling straight up.
3. Unscrew the two screws of the cover (F, Fig. 9) exposing the terminal
block.
4. Unscrew the heater cable at the terminal block and remove heater with
cable.
5. To replace heater, reverse the procedure.
NOTE :
The heater has a groove (D, Fig. 8) at the bottom, into which the fixing screw fits. Place the new heater inside the heater tube so that
the groove is in the correct position for the fixing screw. The bottom
of the heater should be level with the bottom of the heater tube.
the voltage selection switch ( D , F i g . 9 )
_2._ _Replacing
__
1. Remove plug-connections of the voltage selection switch.
2. Press in the four fixing legs on the switch and at the same time press out
the switch from the control panel.
3. To replace switch, reverse the procedure.
3. Replacing----the gas-cock
_____
G Fig.
_ _ _9)
1. Unscrew union nut (H, Fig. 9) and union nut ( I, Fig. 9 )
2. Unscrew support bracket ( J, Fig 9) for gas-cock ( 2 screws ) .
3. To replace gas-cock, reverse the procedure.
4.
Replacing the thermostat and flame failure safety device (______
Safety Valve)
_____
1. Remove ice-tray support (A, Fig. lo) from evaporator by withdrawing in
a forward direction.
CAUTION: Only take hold of it at the left side (indicated by the arrow). Now
pull the capillary tube of the thermostat off.
2. Bend straight the capillary tube from the rear of the cabinet.
3. Unscrew union nut (A, fig. 11) from gas-cock (B, fig. 11). (Use a second
fork-spanner to hold counterpart the gas-cock).
-6-
4.
Pull off thermostat knob (C, Fig.11) and knob (D, Fig.11) of safety device
(E, Fig. 11).
5.
Unscrew union nut (F, Fig.11) of gas-pipe (G, Fig.11) from flame failure
safety device (E, Fig. 11).
6.
Remove three cable plug-connections from thermostat (H, Fig.11).
7.
Unscrew thermo-coupling (I, Fig.11) from thermo-current adapter (J, Fig.11).
8.
Unscrew thermostat (H, Fig.11) from support bracket (K, Fig.11) ( 2 screws ).
9.
Unscrew two clips (L, Fig.11) from capillary tube (M, Fig.11).
10.
Remove gas-equipment from cabinet and dismantle.
11. Dismantling of thermostat (H, Fig.11) : Unscrew flame failure safety device
(E, Fig.11) with thermo-current adapter (J, Fig.11) and the connection
(N, Fig.11) from thermostat.
12. Dismantling of the flame failure safety device (E, Fig.11) : Unscrew flame
failure safety device from thermostat (H, Fig.11). Then unscrew thermocurrent adapter (J, Fig.11) from the flame failure safety device.
13. For reassembly, proceed in the reverse sequence of dismantling.
CAUTION: Coat threaded unions at the connection/thermostat and thermostat/flame
failure safety device with Loctite 572 to ensure good sealing.
Be careful not to get any Loctite inside any parts.
11).
5. Replacing
_____
_____ the thexmo-current adapter
____ (J,Fig.____
1.
Unscrew thermo-coupling (I, Fig.11) from thermo-current adapter.
2.
Unscrew thermo-current adapter from flame failure safety device (E, Fig.11)
and replace by new unit.
(I, Fig. 11)
_6._ _Replacing
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ the thermocouple___
1.
Unscrew thermo-coupling from thermo-current adapter (J, Fig. 11).
2.
Unscrew clip (0, Fig.11) for gas-pipe (G, Fig.11) and thermocouple.
3.
Unscrew the three screws of the mounting plate (A, Fig.12) from the bottom
part of gas-burner. Take off spark ignitor (B, Fig.12), mounting plate with
thermocouple (I, Fig.12) and gasket (C, Fig.12).
4.
Unscrew lock-nut (D, Fig.12) of the thermocouple
5.
Bend new thermocoupling (I, Fig. 11+12) to shape of old one. For reassemhly,
proceed in the reverse sequence of dismantling.
IMPORTANT:
The gasket (C, Fig.12) between the lower part of the burner and the
mounting plate must be replaced by a new one and carefully positioned
to ensure that the burner is properly sealed.
7. Replacement of spark ignitor with cable (B,Fig. 12)
1.
Remove ignition cable (P, Fig.11) from piezo ignitor (Q, Fig.11).
2.
Unscrew the one screw (A3, Fig.12) from the spark ignitor, withdraw spark
ignitor and replace it by a new one. Reassemble in the reverse order.
-7-
8. Replacing the burner-jet
12)
___ ( E Fig.
____
1.
Unscrew union nut (F, Fig. 12) of gas pipe by using a lo mm fork-spanner
and a second one (14 mm) to hold counterpart the jet.
2.
Unscrew burner jet from the bottom part of gas-burner.
3.
Screw in the new burner jet, refit gas pipe.
IMPORTANT: The gasket (G, Fig.12) between the lower part of the burner and
the burner-jet must be replaced by a new one and carefully positioned to ensure that the burner is properly sealed.
9. Cooling unit replacement.
_________
________
1.
Unscrew thermo-coupling (I, Fig.11) from thermo-current adapter (J,Fig.ll).
2.
Unscrew clip (0, Fig.11) for gas-pipe (G, Fig.11) and thermocouple.
3.
Remove the three connections (A, Fig. 13/R, Fig.ll), unscrew support
bracket (B, Fig. 13) of the ventilator.
4.
Unscrew thermostat (S, Fig. 11) from condenser fins and remove plug-connection of grounding cable (T, Fig. 11) above the condenser fins.
5.
Squeeze the heater insulation in direction of arrow (A, Fig.8) until it
clicks open. Pull open the insulation in direction of arrow (B, Fig. 8)
and remove it.
6.
Unscrew fixing screw (C, Fig.8) of the heater and remove the heater from
its pocket by pulling straight up.
7.
Unscrew union nut (A, Fig. 14) of flexible exhaust pipe (B, Fig. 14)using
a pipe wrench, remove flexible pipe and gasket from gas heating-pipe (C,Fig.l4).
8.
Unscrew union nut (U, Fig.11) from air feed-pipe.
9.
Unscrew six screws (A, Fig.15) from the bottom part of gas burner and two
screws from support bracket (B, Fig.15) of the drainage tube (C, Fig. 15).
lo. Take off bottom part of burner with thermocouple, gas pipe and spark ignitor with cable from upper part of burner (D, Fig.15) by withdrawing to the
right side .
11. Unscrew upper part of gas burner (D, Fig.15) with air inlet pipe (E, Fig.15)
fran the gas heating pipe (F, Fig.15) (2 screws G, Fig. 15).
12. Unscrew locking plate from pilot sight peep (H, Fig.15).
13. Unscrew eight screws (I, Fig. 15) from the cooling unit attachment panel ‘and
take cooling unit out of the cabinet.
14. For the installation of the cooling unit, proceed in the reverse sequence.
CAUTION: The location of the thermostat capillary tube should be noted at
this time for relocation later on. The tubes must be placed in the
correct position otherwise, improper performance will result..
IMPORTANT :
The gasket (H, Fig.12) between the lower and upper part of the
burner must be replaced by a new one and carefully positioned
to ensure that the burner is properly sealed.
Also the gasket (I, Fig.12) between the upper part of the burner and the gas heating pipe should be replaced too.
-8-
lo. Removing the air pump
the piston.
___________
__ and replacing
_____ _____
1.
Unscrew knob (A, Fig.9) of air pump (K, Fig.9) from the shaft (L, Fig.9).
2.
Unscrew air pump ( 4 screws / M, Fig. 9).
3.
Unscrew cover of air-pump ( 2 screws / N, Fig. 9).
4.
Withdraw shaft, force out retaining disc from the groove, pull off large
disc and change joint ring.
5.
Reassemble in the reverse order.
CAUTION: After all repairs to the gas equipment, the entire gas system must be
checked for leaks with soapy solution.
NEVER USE A MATCH
E.
WIRING DIAGRAM
HEATER
THERMOSTAT
1
HEATER
1
GREY
TE RMINAL
BLOCK
5
W
a
y
0
5
w
+
5
s
t$$i
P
MAINS CABLE
120V
4
g
z
iii
12V SUPPLY CABLE
-9-
F. TROUBLESHOOTING THE REFRIGERATOR - L.P. GAS
CAUSE
SYMPTOM
NOTE: It will be noted in this guide that several causes can be responsible
for one effect. The real cause or causes should be determined by
the process of elimination, investigating each possible cause, starting at the top of the guide and proceeding to the bottom.
-
Y
-
Gas leaks
Inadequate ventilation
refrigerator not level
Jet orifice clogged
The thermocouple tip not in position
No contact between thermocouple and safety valve
Faulty safety valve magnet
Improper flame
By-pass flame too large
Vent air-intake assembly clogged
Unstable burner flame
Improper food storage
Thermostat incorrectly used
Improper storage of liquid and moist foods
Leaky cabinet seals
Ambient temperature too high
Flame contacts flue tube
Insufficient air to burner
Infrequent cleaning of food compartment
Refrigerator shut off with closed door
Unwrapped odorous food
Incomplete contact of the thermostat capillary tube
Thermostat charge lost
Refrigerator unit failure
Room temperature too low
Piezo ignitor faulty
Piezo ignitor cable faulty
Water in the burner housing
Vent/air-intake assembly is not mounted securely
No iqnition spark; distance of electrode
Air-pump failure piston faulty
Gauze in burner head clogged
Dirt in thermostat or valve seat
By-pass flame too small
-10-
G. TROUBLESHOOTING THE REFRIGERATOR - ELECTRIC
CAUSE
SYMPTOM
NOTE: It will be noted in this guide that several causes can be responsible
for one effect. The real cause or causes should be determined by
the process of elimination, investigating each possible cause, starting at the top of the guide and proceeding to the bottom.
Inadequate ventilation
Refrigerator not level
Defective heater, wrong voltage or type
Voltage not constant
Electric connections loose
Heater not inserted correctly in its pocket
Improper food storage
- H
-
-
Thermostat incorrectly used
Improper storage of liquid and moist foods
Leaky cabinet seals
H
Infrequent cleaning of food compartment
H
- -
Refrigerator shut off with closed door
r/ Unwrapped odorous food
- H
Incomplete contact of the thermostat capillary tube
fl
#
- -
Thermostat charge lost
H
fl
- -
Refrigerator unit failure
Ambient temperature too low
12 Volt relay faulty
Ambient temperature too high
-ll-
A
8
c
13
E
Fig. 2
Fig. 1
/-
/--
0
0
C
\I
I
@I
A'
Fig. 4
Fig. 3
Fig. 6
Fig. 5
-12 -
Fig. 7
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
,I
I
.I
I
I
I
.I
,I
, I
it--
II
II
II
II
II
.I
‘I
I
I
il 11
II
II
II II
IllI
I
’
II
II
II II
I!
ll II
II
II
II
II
11._
A;
I
-1
I
I
‘I
I
I
.I
I
.I
.I
I
.I
*I
I
I
I
1
I
I
Fig. 8
E
hn
t-+
.
c
D
-
1
f
a
I*
1
R
A
B
f-l
,,
L1--r’
1,
1 1
I.1
L-J
R
I
n
Fig. 9
-
C
D
I
f-l
1,
I
.
%
i
Fig.11
- 15-
,,-,--I_ t:i __)
L --.
F
/E
/-
Q
Fig.12
-16 -
Fig.14
..
I’
’
II
rl --
t
Fig.15
-17-
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement