NATEF Correlation Chart for Auto Collision Repair and Refinishing ( 2014)

NATEF Correlation Chart for Auto Collision Repair and Refinishing ( 2014)
NATEF Correlation Chart for
Auto Collision Repair and
Refinishing ( 2014)
The following chart correlates the Auto Collision Repair and Refinishing textbook ( 2014) to the
2009 NATEF Collision Repair Task List.
I. STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DAMAGE REPAIR
A. Frame Inspection and Repair
Task Number and Description
Priority
1. Measure and diagnose structural damage using a tram
gauge.
2. Attach vehicle to anchoring devices.
3. Analyze, straighten and align mash (collapse) damage.
4. Analyze, straighten and align sag damage.
5. Analyze, straighten and align sidesway damage.
6. Analyze, straighten and align twist damage.
7. Analyze, straighten and align diamond frame damage.
8. Remove and replace damaged structural components.
9. Restore corrosion protection to repaired or replaced
frame areas.
10. Analyze and identify misaligned or damaged
steering, suspension, and powertrain components that can
cause vibration, steering, and wheel alignment problems.
11. Align or replace misaligned or damaged steering,
suspension, and powertrain components that can cause
vibration, steering, and wheel alignment problems.
12. Identify heat limitations for structural components.
13. Demonstrate an understanding of structural foam
applications.
14. Measure and diagnose structural damage using a
three-dimensional measuring system (mechanical,
electronic, laser), etc.
15. Measure and diagnose structural damage to vehicles
using a dedicated (fixture) measuring system.
16. Determine the extent of the direct and indirect
damage and the direction of impact; document the
methods and sequence of repair.
HP-I
Textbook Page
Numbers
334
HP-I
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
HP-I
304–315
80, 367, 403
401
367, 399–400
371, 402
81, 402–403
410
418
HP-G
449–454, 462–470
HP-G
454–459
HP-I
HP-G
394
418–419
HP-G
340–349
HP-G
341
HP-I
78–86, 394–404
17. Analyze and identify crush/collapse zones.
HP-I
79, 411–412, 431
18. Restore mounting and anchoring locations.
HP-G
556
B. Unibody and Unitized Structure Inspection, Measurement, and Repair
1. Analyze and identify misaligned or damaged steering, HP-G
354, 449–454
suspension, and powertrain components that can cause
vibration, steering, and chassis alignment problems.
2. Realign or replace misaligned or damaged steering,
HP-G
540, 454–458
suspension, and powertrain components that can cause
vibration, steering and chassis alignment problems.
3. Measure and diagnose unibody damage using tram
HP-I
334–349
gauge.
4. Determine and inspect the locations of all suspension, HP-G
331–349
steering, and powertrain component attaching points on
the vehicle.
5. Measure and diagnose unibody vehicles using a
HP-G
331–344
dedicated (fixture) measuring system.
6. Diagnose and measure unibody vehicles using a
HP-G
344–349
three-dimensional measuring system (mechanical,
electronic, and laser, etc.).
7. Determine the extent of the direct and indirect damage HP-I
354–356, 410
and the direction of impact; plan and document the
methods and sequence of repair.
8. Attach anchoring devices to vehicle; remove or
HP-I
356–358
reposition components as necessary.
9. Straighten and align cowl assembly.
HP-G
368–370
10. Straighten and align roof rails/headers and roof
HP-G
370, 374–375
panels.
11. Straighten and align hinge and lock pillars.
HP-G
368
12. Straighten and align vehicle openings, floor pans, and HP-G
373, 430
rocker panels.
13. Straighten and align quarter panels, wheelhouse
HP-G
398, 424–425
assemblies, and rear body sections (including rails and
suspension/powertrain mounting points).
14. Straighten and align front-end sections (aprons, strut HP-G
358, 423
towers, upper and lower rails, steering, and
suspension/power train mounting points, etc.).
15. Identify substrate and repair or replacement
HP-I
411
recommendations.
16. Identify proper cold stress relief methods.
HP-I
393–394, 363
17. Repair damage using power tools and hand tools to
HP-I
359
restore proper contours and dimensions.
18. Remove and replace damaged sections of steel body
HP-G
414
structures.
19. Restore corrosion protection to repaired or replaced
HP-I
418
structural areas.
20. Determine the extent of damage to aluminum
HP-G
412
structural components; repair, weld, or replace.
21. Analyze and identify crush/collapse zones.
22. Restore mounting and anchoring locations.
C. Fixed Glass
1. Remove and reinstall or replace fixed glass (heated
and non-heated) using recommended materials and
techniques.
2. Remove and reinstall or replace modular glass using
recommended materials.
3. Check for water leaks, dust leaks, and wind noise.
D. Metal Welding and Cutting
1. Identify weldable and non-weldable substrates used in
vehicle construction.
2. Weld and cut high-strength steel and other steels.
HP-I
HP-G
431
365
HP-G
288
HP-G
292–298
HP-G
298
HP-I
227
HP-I
3. Weld and cut aluminum.
4. Determine the correct GMAW (MIG) welder type,
electrode/wire type, diameter, and gas to be used in a
specific welding situation.
5. Set up and adjust the GMAW (MIG) welder to "tune"
for proper electrode stickout, voltage, polarity, flow rate,
and wire-feed speed required for the substrate being
welded.
6. Store, handle, and install high-pressure gas cylinders.
7. Determine work clamp (ground) location and attach.
8. Use the proper angle of the gun to the joint and
direction of gun travel for the type of weld being made in
the flat, horizontal, vertical, and overhead positions.
9. Protect adjacent panels, glass, vehicle interior, etc.
from welding and cutting operations.
10. Protect computers and other electronic control
modules during welding procedures.
11. Clean and prepare the metal to be welded, assure
good metal fit-up, apply weld-through primer if
necessary, clamp or tack as required.
12. Determine the joint type (butt weld with backing, lap,
etc.) for weld being made.
13. Determine the type of weld (continuous, stitch weld,
plug, etc.) for each specific welding operation.
14. Perform the following welds: continuous, plug, butt
weld with and without backing, and fillet etc.
15. Perform visual and destructive tests on each weld
type.
16. Identify the causes of various welding defects; make
necessary adjustments.
17. Identify cause of contact tip burn-back and failure of
wire to feed; make necessary adjustments.
18. Identify cutting process for different substrates and
HP-G
HP-I
100–102, 109,
111–112
104–105
96
HP-I
98
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
91
94
98
HP-I
91
HP-I
91
HP-I
93
HP-I
92–93, 227
HP-I
100–102
HP-I
100–102
HP-I
102
HP-I
99
HP-I
98–99
HP-I
111–112
locations; perform cutting operation.
19. Identify different methods of attaching structural
HP-G
107–108
components (squeeze type resistance spot welding
(STRSW), riveting, structural adhesive, silicon bronze,
etc.).
II. NON-STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND DAMAGE REPAIR (BODY COMPONENTS)
A. Preparation
1. Review damage report and analyze damage to
HP-I
167169
determine appropriate methods for overall repair;
develop and document a repair plan.
2. Inspect, remove, store, and replace exterior trim and
HP-I
169
moldings.
3. Inspect, remove, store, and replace interior trim and
HP-I
170
components.
4. Inspect, remove, store, and replace body panels and
HP-I
169–200
components that may interfere with or be damaged
during repair.
5. Inspect, remove, store, and replace vehicle mechanical HP-G
170–200
and electrical components that may interfere with or be
damaged during repair.
6. Protect panels, glass, interior parts, and other vehicles HP-I
171
adjacent to the repair area.
7. Soap and water wash entire vehicle for inspection.
HP-I
676
8. Prepare damaged area using water-based and
HP-I
676
solvent-based cleaners.
9. Remove corrosion protection, undercoatings, sealers,
HP-I
418
and other protective coatings as necessary to perform
repairs.
10. Inspect, remove, and reinstall repairable plastics and
HP-I
204–205
other components for off-vehicle repair.
B. Outer Body Panel Repairs, Replacements, and Adjustments
1. Determine the extent of direct (primary) and indirect
HP-I
167
(secondary) damage and direction of impact; develop and
document a repair plan.
2. Inspect, remove and replace bolted, bonded, and
HP-G
169
welded steel panel or panel assemblies.
3. Determine the extent of damage to aluminum body
HP-G
169, 194
panels; repair or replace.
4. Inspect, remove, replace, and align hood, hood hinges, HP-I
210–214
and hood latch.
5. Inspect, remove, replace, and align deck lid, lid hinges, HP-I
218–219
and lid latch.
6. Inspect, remove, replace, and align doors, latches,
HP-I
214–218
hinges, and related hardware.
7. Inspect, remove, replace and align tailgates, hatches,
HP-G
220
liftgates and sliding doors.
8. Inspect, remove, replace, and align bumper bars,
HP-I
204–206
covers, reinforcement, guards, isolators, and mounting
hardware.
9. Inspect, remove, replace and align fenders, and related
panels.
10. Straighten contours of damaged panels to a suitable
condition for body filling or metal finishing using power
tools, hand tools, and weld-on pulling attachments.
11. Weld damaged or torn steel body panels; repair
broken welds.
12. Restore corrosion protection.
13. Replace door skins.
14. Restore sound deadeners and foam materials.
15. Perform panel bonding.
16. Diagnose and repair water leaks, dust leaks, and wind
noise.
17. Identify one-time use fasteners.
C. Metal Finishing and Body Filling
1. Remove paint from the damaged area of a body panel.
2. Locate and repair surface irregularities on a damaged
body panel.
3. Demonstrate hammer and dolly techniques.
4. Heat shrink stretched panel areas to proper contour.
5. Cold shrink stretched panel areas to proper contour.
6. Mix and apply body filler.
7. Rough sand body filler to contour; finish sand.
8. Determine the proper metal finishing techniques for
aluminum.
9. Determine proper application of body filler to
aluminum.
D. Moveable Glass and Hardware
1. Inspect, adjust, repair or replace window regulators,
run channels, glass, power mechanisms, and related
controls.
2. Inspect, adjust, repair, remove, reinstall or replace
weather-stripping.
3. Inspect, repair or replace, and adjust removable power
operated roof panel and hinges, latches, guides, handles,
retainer, and controls of sunroofs.
4. Inspect, remove, reinstall, and align convertible top
and related mechanisms.
E. Metal Welding and Cutting
1. Identify weldable and non-weldable substrates used in
vehicle construction.
2. Weld and cut high-strength steel and other steels.
3. Weld and cut aluminum.
4. Determine the correct GMAW (MIG) welder type,
electrode/wire type, diameter, and gas to be used in a
HP-I
207–210
HP-I
171–181
HP-G
234
HP-I
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
237
214–215
419
251–252, 235
789
HP-G
454
HP-I
HP-I
677
169–171
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-G
174–176
178
180
187–192
189–192
194–195
HP-G
194–195
HP-I
292–298
HP-G
689
HP-G
243, 485
HP-G
HP-I
57
HP-I
HP-G
HP-I
111–112
104–107
93–98
specific welding situation.
5. Set up and adjust the GMAW (MIG) welder to "tune"
HP-I
for proper electrode stickout, voltage, polarity, flow rate,
and wire-feed speed required for the substrate being
welded.
6. Store, handle, and install high-pressure gas cylinders.
HP-I
7. Determine work clamp (ground) location and attach.
HP-I
8. Use the proper angle of the gun to the joint and
HP-I
direction of gun travel for the type of weld being made in
the flat, horizontal, vertical, and overhead positions.
9. Protect adjacent panels, glass, vehicle interior, etc.
HP-I
from welding and cutting operations.
10. Protect computers and other electronic control
HP-I
modules during welding procedures.
11. Clean and prepare the metal to be welded, assure
HP-I
good metal fit-up, apply weld-through primer if
necessary, clamp or tack as required.
12. Determine the joint type (butt weld with backing, lap, HP-I
etc.) for weld being made.
13. Determine the type of weld (continuous, stitch weld,
plug, etc.) for each specific welding operation.
14. Perform the following welds: continuous, plug, butt
HP-I
weld with and without backing, fillet, etc.
15. Perform visual and destructive tests on each weld
HP-I
type.
16. Identify the causes of various welding defects; make HP-I
necessary adjustments.
17. Identify cause of contact tip burn-back and failure of HP-I
wire to feed; make necessary adjustments.
18. Identify cutting process for different substrates and
HP-I
locations; perform cutting operation.
19. Identify different methods of attaching non-structural HP-G
components (squeeze type resistant spot welds
(STRSW), riveting, non-structural adhesive, silicon
bronze, etc.).
F. Plastics and Adhesives
1. Identify the types of plastics; determine repairability.
HP-I
2. Clean and prepare the surface of plastic parts; identify HP-I
the types of plastic repair procedures.
3. Repair rigid, semi-rigid, or flexible plastic panels.
HP-I
4. Remove or repair damaged areas from rigid exterior
HP-G
composite panels.
5. Replace bonded rigid exterior composite body panels; HP-G
straighten or align panel supports.
III. MECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
A. Suspension and Steering
1. Identify one–time use fasteners.
HP-I
93–98
91
94
97–98
91
91
93
93
99–101
415–418, 100–102
102–104
99
96–99
111–112
107–108
257
262–266
270–279
270–277
271–277
454
2. Clean, inspect, and prepare reusable fasteners.
3. Remove, replace, inspect or adjust power steering
pump, pulleys, belts, hoses, fittings and pump mounts.
4. Remove and replace power steering gear (non-rack
and pinion type).
5. Inspect, remove, and replace power rack and pinion
steering gear and related components.
6. Inspect and replace parallelogram steering linkage
components.
7. Inspect, remove and replace upper and lower control
arms and related components.
8. Inspect, remove and replace steering
knuckle/spindle/hub assemblies (including bearings,
races, seals, etc.).
9. Inspect, remove and replace front suspension system
coil springs and spring insulators (silencers).
10. Inspect, remove, replace, and adjust suspension
system torsion bars, and inspect mounts.
11. Inspect, remove and replace stabilizer bar bushings,
brackets, and links.
12. Inspect, remove and replace MacPherson strut
cartridge or assembly, upper bearing, and mount.
13. Inspect, remove, and replace rear suspension system
transverse links, control arms, stabilizer bars, bushings,
and mounts.
14. Inspect, remove, and replace suspension system leaf
springs and related components.
15. Inspect axle assembly for damage and misalignment.
16. Inspect, remove and replace shock absorbers.
17. Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair or replace active
suspension systems and associated lines and fittings.
18. Measure vehicle ride height; determine needed
repairs.
19. Inspect, remove, replace, and align front and rear
frame (cradles/sub).
20. Diagnose and inspect steering wheel, steering
column, and components.
21. Verify proper operation of steering system.
22. Diagnose front and rear suspension system noises and
body sway problems; determine needed repairs.
23. Diagnose vehicle wandering, pulling, hard steering,
bump steer, memory steering, torque steering, and
steering return problems; determine needed repairs.
24. Demonstrate an understanding of suspension and
steering alignments (caster, camber, toe, SAI) etc.
25. Diagnose tire wear patterns; determine needed
repairs.
HP-I
HP-G
454
440
HP-G
456–458
HP-G
455
HP-G
455
HP-G
458
HP-G
458
HP-G
457
HP-G
441–442
HP-G
459
HP-G
456
HP-G
459
HP-G
458
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
457–458
456
450–452
HP-I
452–453
HP-G
470
HP-G
452
HP-G
HP-G
452
450
HP-G
452
HP-G
462–466
HP-I
448
26. Inspect tires; identify direction of rotation and
location; check tire size, tire pressure monitoring system
(TPM) and adjust air pressure.
27. Diagnose wheel/tire vibration, shimmy, tire pull
(lead), wheel hop problems; determine needed repairs.
28. Measure wheel, tire, axle, and hub runout; determine
needed repairs.
29. Reinstall wheels and torque lug nuts.
B. Electrical
1. Check for available voltage, voltage drop and current
in electrical wiring circuits and components with a DMM
(digital multimeter).
2. Repair electrical circuits, wiring, and connectors.
3. Inspect, test, and replace fusible links, circuit breakers,
and fuses.
4. Perform battery state-of-charge test and slow/fast
battery charge.
5. Inspect, clean, repair or replace battery, battery cables,
connectors and clamps.
6. Dispose of batteries and battery acid according to
local, state, and federal requirements.
7. Identify programmable electrical/electronic
components and check for malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL); record data for reprogramming before
disconnecting battery.
8. Inspect alignment, adjust, remove and replace
alternator (generator), drive belts, pulleys, and fans.
9. Check operation and aim headlamp assemblies and
fog/driving lamps; determine needed repairs.
10. Inspect, test, and repair or replace switches, relays,
bulbs, sockets, connectors, and wires of interior and
exterior light circuits.
11. Remove and replace horn(s); check operation.
12. Check operation of wiper/washer systems; determine
needed repairs.
13. Check operation of power side and tailgate window;
determine needed repairs.
14. Inspect, remove and replace power seat, motors,
linkages, cables, etc.
15. Inspect, remove and replace components of electric
door and hatch/trunk lock.
16. Inspect, remove and replace components of keyless
lock/unlock devices and alarm systems.
17. Inspect, remove and replace components of electrical
sunroof and convertible/retractable hard top.
18. Check operation of electrically heated mirrors,
windshields, back lights, panels, etc.; determine needed
HP-I
448–449
HP-G
450
HP-I
461–462
HP-I
461
HP-I
489
HP-I
HP-I
478
480, 490
HP-I
491
HP-I
491
HP-G
491
HP-I
490
HP-I
490–491
HP-I
492–494
HP-I
478–478
HP-I
HP-I
494
494–484
HP-I
494
HP-G
485
HP-G
486
HP-G
485–486
HP-G
485, 494
HP-I
486
repairs.
19. Demonstrate the proper self-grounding procedures
for handling electronic components.
20. Check for module communication errors using a scan
tool.
21. Use wiring diagrams and diagnostic flow charts
during diagnosis of electrical circuit problems.
22. Demonstrate safe disarming techniques of high
voltage systems on hybrid vehicles.
23. Identify potential safety and environmental concerns
associated with hybrid vehicle systems.
C. Brakes
1. Inspect brake lines, hoses, and fittings for leaks, dents,
kinks, rust, cracks or wear; tighten fittings and supports;
replace brake lines (double flare and ISO types), hoses,
fittings, seals, and supports.
2. Identify, handle, store, and install appropriate brake
fluids; dispose of in accordance with federal, state, and
local regulations.
3. Bleed (manual, pressure, vacuum or surge) hydraulic
brake system.
4. Pressure test brake hydraulic system; determine
needed repair.
5. Adjust brake shoes; remove and reinstall brake drums
or drum/hub assemblies and wheel bearings.
6. Remove, clean and inspect em operation.
7. Check parking brake syst caliper assembly and
mountings for wear and damage; reinstall.
8. Identify the proper procedures for handling brake dust.
9. Check for bent or damaged brake system components.
10. Demonstrate an understanding of various types of
advanced braking systems (ABS, hydraulic, electronic,
traction control).
D. Heating and Air Conditioning
1. Identify and comply with environmental concerns
relating to refrigerants and coolants.
2. Maintain and verify correct operation of certified
refrigerant recovery and recharging equipment.
3. Locate and identify A/C system service ports.
4. Identify, recover, label and store refrigerant from A/C
system.
5. Recycle refrigerant in accordance with EPA
regulations.
6. Evacuate and recharge A/C system; check for leaks.
7. Identify oil type and maintain correct amount in A/C
system.
8. Inspect, adjust, and replace A/C compressor drive
HP-I
477, 565
HP-G
488
HP-G
489
HP-G
HP-G
HP-I
500
HP-G
499–500
HP-I
507
HP-G
505
HP-I
501
HP-I
HP-I
502
499
HP-G
HP-G
HP-G
508–509
503–504
HP-G
519
HP-G
525
HP-I
HP-G
526
527
HP-G
526–527
HP-I
HP-G
528
525
HP-G
526–527
belts; check pulley alignment.
9. Remove and replace A/C compressor; inspect, repair
or replace A/C compressor mount
10. Inspect, repair or replace A/C system mufflers, hoses,
lines, fittings, orifice tube, expansion valve, and seals.
11. Inspect, test, and replace A/C system condenser and
mounts.
12. Inspect and replace receiver/drier or
accumulator/drier.
13. Inspect and repair A/C component wiring.
14. Demonstrate an understanding of safe handling
procedures associated with high voltage A/C
compressors and wiring.
E. Cooling Systems
1. Check engine cooling and heater system hoses and
belts; determine needed repairs.
2. Inspect, test, remove, and replace radiator, pressure
cap, coolant recovery system, and water pump.
3. Recover, refill, and bleed system with proper coolant
and check level of protection; leak test system and
dispose of materials in accordance with EPA
specifications.
4. Remove, inspect and replace fan (both electrical and
mechanical), fan sensors, fan pulley, fan clutch, and fan
shroud; check operation.
5. Inspect, remove, and replace auxiliary oil/fluid
coolers; check oil levels.
6. Demonstrate an understanding of hybrid cooling
systems.
F. Drive Train
1. Remove, replace, and adjust shift or clutch linkage as
required.
2. Remove, replace, and adjust cables or linkages for
throttle valve (TV), kickdown, and accelerator pedal.
3. Remove and replace electronic sensors, wires, and
connectors.
4. Remove and replace powertrain assembly; inspect,
replace, and align powertrain mounts.
5. Remove and replace drive axle assembly.
6. Inspect, remove and replace half shafts and axle
constant velocity (CV) joints.
7. Inspect, remove and replace drive shafts and universal
joints.
G. Fuel, Intake and Exhaust Systems
1. Inspect, remove and replace exhaust pipes, mufflers,
converters, resonators, tail pipes, and heat shields.
2. Inspect, remove and replace fuel tank, tank filter, cap,
HP-G
526–527
HP-G
526–527
HP-G
526–527
HP-G
523
HP-G
HP-G
489–490
HP-I
518
HP-G
518–520
HP-I
519
HP-G
520
HP-G
541–542
HP-G
HP-G
544
HP-G
542–544
HP-G
478
HP-G
544, 550
HP-G
HP-G
539
547
HP-G
537–538
HP-G
535
HP-G
533
filler hose, pump/sending unit and inertia switch; inspect
and replace fuel lines and hoses.
3. Inspect, remove and replace engine components of air
intake systems.
4. Inspect, remove and replace canister, filter, vent, and
purge lines of fuel vapor (EVAP) control systems.
H. Restraint Systems
1. Identify vehicle manufacturer’s SRS recommended
procedures before inspecting or replacing components.
2. Inspect, remove, and replace seatbelt and shoulder
harness assembly and components.
3. Inspect restraint system mounting areas for damage;
repair as needed.
4. Verify proper operation of seatbelt.
5. Deactivate and reactivate Supplemental Restraint
System (SRS).
6. Inspect, remove and replace Supplemental Restraint
Systems (SRS) sensors and wiring; ensure sensor
orientation.
7. Verify that Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) is
operational.
8. Inspect, remove, replace and dispose of deployed and
non-deployed airbag(s) and pretensioners.
9. Use Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) to diagnose and
repair the Supplemental Restraint System (SRS).
10. Demonstrate an understanding of advanced restraint
systems.
IV. PAINTING AND REFINISHING
A. Safety Precautions
1. Identify and take necessary precautions with
hazardous operations and materials according to federal,
state, and local regulations.
2. Identify safety and personal health hazards according
to OSHA guidelines and the “Right to Know Law”.
3. Inspect spray environment and equipment to ensure
compliance with federal, state and local regulations, and
for safety and cleanliness hazards.
4. Select and use a NIOSH approved air purifying
respirator. Inspect condition and ensure fit and operation.
Perform proper maintenance in accordance with OSHA
Regulation 1910.134 and applicable state and local
regulation.
5. Select and use a NIOSH approved supplied air (Fresh
Air Make-up) respirator system. Perform proper
maintenance in accordance with OSHA Regulation
1910.134 and applicable state and local regulation.
6. Select and use the proper personal safety equipment
HP-G
533
HP-G
534
HP-I
563
HP-G
556
HP-G
556
HP-I
HP-G
556
566
HP-G
558–560
HP-I
569
HP-G
565
HP-G
564
HP-G
560
HP-I
32–38
HP-I
50
HP-I
46
HP-I
40–42
HP-I
40–42
HP-I
39–40
for surface preparation, spray gun and related equipment
operation, paint mixing, matching and application, paint
defects, and detailing (gloves, suits, hoods, eye and ear
protection, etc.).
B. Surface Preparation
1. Inspect, remove, store, and replace exterior trim and
components necessary for proper surface preparation.
2. Soap and water wash entire vehicle; use appropriate
cleaner to remove contaminants.
3. Inspect and identify substrate, type of finish, surface
condition, and film thickness; develop and document a
plan for refinishing using a total product system.
4. Strip paint to bare substrate (paint removal).
5. Dry or wet sand areas to be refinished.
6. Featheredge damaged areas to be refinished.
7. Apply suitable metal treatment or primer in
accordance with total product systems.
8. Mask and protect other areas that will not be
refinished.
9. Mix primer, primer-surfacer or primer-sealer.
10. Apply primer onto surface of repaired area.
11. Apply two-component finishing filler to minor
surface imperfections.
12. Dry or wet sand area to which primer-surfacer has
been applied.
13. Dry sand area to which two-component finishing
filler has been applied.
14. Remove dust from area to be refinished, including
cracks or moldings of adjacent areas.
15. Clean area to be refinished using a final cleaning
solution.
16. Remove, with a tack rag, any dust or lint particles
from the area to be refinished.
17. Apply suitable sealer to the area being refinished.
18. Scuff sand to remove nibs or imperfections from a
sealer.
19. Apply stone chip resistant coating.
20. Restore corrosion-resistant coatings, caulking, and
seam sealers to repaired areas.
21. Prepare adjacent panels for blending.
22. Identify the types of rigid, semi-rigid or flexible
plastic parts to be refinished; determine the materials,
preparation, and refinishing procedures.
23. Identify aluminum parts to be refinished; determine
the materials, preparation, and refinishing procedures.
C. Spray Gun and Related Equipment Operation
1. Inspect, clean, and determine condition of spray guns
HP-I
689–690
HP-I
676
HP-I
673
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
622–623, 677
684–686
680
614
HP-I
680, 692
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
614
614
695, 187–193
HP-I
684, 685
HP-I
69, 191–192
HP-I
687, 692
HP-I
687
HP-I
692
HP-I
HP-I
616
679
HP-G
HP-G
617, 692
692
HP-I
HP-I
692
746–752
HP-G
59
HP-I
578–582
and related equipment (air hoses, regulators, air lines, air
source, and spray environment).
2. Check and adjust spray gun operation for HVLP (high
volume, low pressure) or compliant spray guns.
3. Set-up (fluid needle, nozzle, and cap), test, and adjust
spray gun using fluid, air, and pattern control valves.
4. Demonstrate an understanding of the operation of
pressure spray equipment.
D. Paint Mixing, Matching, and Applying
1. Identify type and color code by manufacturer’s vehicle
information label.
2. Shake, stir, reduce, catalyze/activate, and strain
refinish materials.
3. Apply finish using appropriate spray techniques (gun
arc, gun angle, gun distance, gun speed, and spray pattern
overlap) for the finish being applied.
4. Apply selected product on test and let-down panel;
check for color match.
5. Apply single stage topcoat.
6. Apply basecoat/clearcoat for panel blending or panel
refinishing.
7. Apply basecoat/clearcoat for overall refinishing.
8. Remove nibs or imperfections from basecoat.
9. Refinish rigid or semi-rigid, and plastic parts.
10. Refinish flexible plastic parts.
11. Apply multi-stage coats for panel blending or overall
refinishing.
12. Identify and mix paint using a formula.
13. Identify poor hiding colors; determine necessary
action.
14. Tint color using formula to achieve a blendable
match.
15. Identify alternative color formula to achieve a
blendable match.
E. Paint Defects -Causes and Cures
1. Identify blistering (raising of the paint surface, air
entrapment); determine the cause(s) and correct the
condition.
2. Identify blushing (milky or hazy formation); determine
the cause(s) and correct the condition.
3. Identify a dry spray appearance in the paint surface;
determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
4. Identify the presence of fish-eyes (crater-like
openings) in the finish; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
5. Identify lifting; determine the cause(s) and correct the
condition.
HP-I
652
HP-I
650–652
HP-G
581–582
HP-I
632–634
HP-I
634–636
HP-I
656–665
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
654–655, 710–711,
731
725, 723–726
662, 697, 723
HP-G
HP-I
HP-G
HP-I
HP-G
724, 726–727
727, 24
747, 750
751–752
731–732
HP-I
HP-G
637–638
611, 606, 711
HP-I
713–715
HP-I
633, 708
HP-G
741
HP-G
740
HP-G
741
HP-I
738
HP-G
739
6. Identify clouding (mottling and streaking in metallic
finishes); determine the cause(s) and correct the
condition.
7. Identify orange peel; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
8. Identify overspray; determine the cause(s) and correct
the condition.
9. Identify solvent popping in freshly painted surface;
determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
10. Identify sags and runs in paint surface; determine the
cause(s) and correct the condition.
11. Identify sanding marks or sandscratch swelling;
determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
12. Identify contour mapping/edge mapping while finish
is drying; determine the cause(s) and correct the
condition.
13. Identify color difference (off-shade); determine the
cause(s) and correct the condition.
14. Identify tape tracking; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
15. Identify low gloss condition; determine the cause(s)
and correct the condition.
16. Identify poor adhesion; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
17. Identify paint cracking (shrinking, splitting,
crowsfeet or line-checking, micro-checking, etc.);
determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
18. Identify corrosion; determine the cause(s) and correct
the condition.
19. Identify dirt or dust in the paint surface; determine
the cause(s) and correct the condition.
20. Identify water spotting; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
21. Identify finish damage caused by bird droppings, tree
sap, and other natural causes; correct the condition.
22. Identify finish damage caused by airborne
contaminants (acids, soot, rail dust, and other
industrial-related causes); correct the condition.
23. Identify die-back conditions (dulling of the paint film
showing haziness); determine the cause(s) and correct the
condition.
24. Identify chalking (oxidation); determine the cause(s)
and correct the condition.
25. Identify bleed-through (staining); determine the
cause(s) and correct the condition.
26. Identify pin-holing; determine the cause(s) and
correct the condition.
HP-I
662, 738
HP-I
740, 777
HP-I
579, 674
HP-G
739
HP-I
737, 778
HP-G
741
HP-G
741
HP-G
780
HP-G
625
HP-G
780
HP-G
674
HP-G
673
HP-G
674
HP-I
778
HP-G
741
HP-G
676–677
HP-G
780
HP-G
740, 780
HP-G
675
HP-G
616
HP-G
740, 741
27. Identify buffing-related imperfections (swirl marks,
wheel burns); correct the condition.
28. Identify pigment flotation (color change through film
build); determine the cause(s) and correct the condition.
F. Final Detail
1. Apply decals, transfers, tapes, woodgrains, pinstripes
(painted and taped), etc.
2. Buff and polish finish to remove defects as required.
3. Clean interior, exterior, and glass.
4. Clean body openings (door jambs and edges, etc.).
5. Remove overspray.
6. Perform pre-delivery detail and inspection.
HP-I
764
HP-G
712
HP-G
774–775
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
HP-I
763–765
775–777
763, 776
776
775
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