MyTek Stereo96 DAC User manual
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 1 of 54
MYTEK DIGITAL
8X96 Series ADC and DAC
User Manual
Rev. 9/2004
© 2004 Mytek Inc.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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This manual may be updated
Download the newest version at:
http://www.mytekdigital.com/8x96manual.pdf
For technical support, technical tips and support check:
http://www.mytekdigital.com
or contact Mytek Inc. tech support at:
techsupport@mytekdigital.com
or at:
tel. (646)-613 1822
fax. (212)-202 5331
Mytek
151 Lafayette Street 3rd Fl
New York NY 10013
USA
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Contents:
General description…………………………………………………………
6
8X96 ADC
Quick Start………………………………………………………….
6
Analog input alignment……………………………………………
7
Signal Flow…………………………………………………………
8
Features…..…………………………………………………………
9
Sampling frequencies and External synchronization ..……..
9
Digital Inputs, Outputs and Synchronization……………….
10
SuperShaper-HR ™ Noise shaping and dithering…………..
12
Digital format conversion……..……………………………..
15
Bit splitting (MRX ™) and sample splitting (S/MUX ™)…..
16
Special DIP Switch Options…………..……………………..
17
Specifications…………..……..……………………………………..
20
8X96 DAC
Quick Start………………………………………………………….
21
Analog input alignment……………………………………………
22
Signal Flow…………………………………………………………
23
Features…..…………………………………………………………
24
Digital Inputs, Outputs and Synchronization………………..
24
Jitter Immune Operation, Internal Sync……………………..
26
Asynchronous operations as 4 independent stereo DACs…..
27
Digital format conversion……..……………………………..
28
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Bit splitting (MRX ™) and sample splitting (S/MUX ™)…..
29
Special DIP Switch Options…………..……………………..
30
Specifications…………..……..……………………………..
33
Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards….……………………………..
34
Hi-Speed AES/EBU interface (Standard)…… ……..………………
36
Optional “MDM” DIO Interface Daughter Cards…………………..
37
TDIF Interface (with MRX ™ and S/MUX ™)……
37
ADAT Interface (with S/MUX ™)…………………
42
Sadie/ dual AES Interface (with S/MUX ™)………
45
Sonic HDSP/USP Interface …………………………
46
S/MUX ™ encoder and decoder …..………………..
47
Prism MRX ™ encoder and decoder …………..………... 49
Using 8X96 ADC and/or DAC: …………………………………………….
50
Warranty conditions…………………...………………………………………
54
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 Series Converters – General description
The MYTEK 8X96 series consists of two 2U units- the 8X96 ADC and the 8X96 DAC.
They provide very high performance 24 bit 96 kHz conversion comparable to the most
expensive mastering converters ( DR=120 dB, audiophile signal path). These units can be
used as stand-alone devices for variety of studio applications such as 5.1 DVD mastering,
multitrack recording and whenever high quality conversion is required.
Users choose Mytek 8X96 converters primarily for their outstanding sound quality. The
sound of Mytek converters can be described as “transparent”. We design our converters
to be as faithful to the signal as possible, rather than the philosophy of some other
manufacturers who offer “analog” or “tube” sounding converters. Mytek converters are
closest to a straight wire, which is especially evident when used at full 24/96 resolutionour tests have shown that 90% of listeners cannot hear the converters’ impact on the
sound at all.
On Mytek website you can find and download various sound samples to evaluate the
8X96 sound quality and compare it to the sound of other high end converter units.
Log onto: http://www.mytekdigital.com/8x96compare.htm to download samples.
Thanks to the wide choice of daughter interface cards (MDM), 8X96 Series becomes an 8
channel “digital swiss knife” which allows the user to leverage converter performance to
most studio setups and situations. Mytek is the first converter company that offers
practical interfaces to record 24/96 format on Tascam DA78HR , for example. The units
perform extremely well in a high end environment of Sonic Solutions HDSP ™ or Sadie
2496™ or workstations but can be equally beneficial for an ADAT owner who can now
make use of 24 bit 96 kHz technology to dramatically improve ADAT sound. Even when
used in 16 bit mode, the 8X96 converters produce 20dB (10 times) less distortion than
standard ADAT converters.
The 8X96 features include:
-
44.1, 48, 88.2 and 96kHz internal sampling frequencies (ADC)
Ext. wordclock or AES11 25-100kHz sync
120dB Dynamic Range
24 bit resolution
High performance SuperShaper-HR™ psychoacoustic noiseshaping algorithm for 16
or 20 bit output (ADC)
ADAT<>AES/EBU<>TDIF<>Sonic<>Protools digital format conversion
Prism MRX™ bit splitting and S/MUX™ sample splitting for ultimate flexibility in
encoding hi-resolution sound on standard 16 and 20 bit equipment.
The combination of great sound and interfacing capabilities make the 8X96 Series an
ideal choice as a high quality front end for any piece of digital studio equipment.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Quick Start
High performance SuperShaper HR ™ noise shaping
algorithm provides extremely transparent and
ADC sync clock can be either internal (preffered for effective wordlenght reduction preserving practically
sound quality) or external wordclock. The 75 Ohm all 24 bit resolution on 20 bit output and most of it on
termination resistor ( default=off) can be switched
16 bit out. See “Noiseshaping”.
on by internal jumpers next to the BNC jack.
Lock leds indicate lock of pairs of digital
For 88.2Khz select 44.1k and Hi-Speed X2 switch.
inputs. Note that for 8 channel DIO
Similarly 96kHz is 2x48kHz.
interfaces there is one common clock, AES
External wck for 88/96 kHz can be either 88/96 or
pairs have to be synchronous to be properly
44/48 (see “dip switch”)
converted to another digital format.
Input select switches
ANALOG = A/D converter
Some DIO interface cards such as ADAT
and TDIF have 2 sets of 8 chan DIO - A
and B. In regular speed mode, this switch
selects either port A or B. In high speed
mode and w/MRX
and S/MUX modes (see “dip switch”)
Input level adjustment. Nominal
Mode of MRX codec
0VU=+4dB=1.225VRMS=- turn it off if you are
18dBFS
not using MRX.
Can be adjusted +12/-6dB
Relevant to TDIF
-20dB and -0dB peak
Only.
Sampling frequency range:
leds display the peak
Reg= 25kHz - 50kHz
signal level relative to 0
Hi= 50kHz - 100kHz
dBFS. Red means 1 or
Switch automatically engages S/MUX on
more samples=0dBFS
ADAT and TDIF
Hi-speed AES/EBU outputs for signals of 25100kHz FS. Standard 110 Ohm, balanced,
transformer isolated implementation. As all
outputs they repeat selected input. If “AES IN” is
Hi-speed AES/EBU
inputs lock to signals selected, the signal is a reclocked (jitter
reduced) clone i.e. all bits and flags are exactly
of 25-100kHz FS.
repeated. If other DIO is selected, certain flags
Standard 110 Ohm,
balanced, transformer may not be repeated.
(See “Digital format conversion”)
isolated
Up to two Digital Input-Output Interfaces can
be installed (apart of standard AES/EBU).
These interfaces are daughter cards
manufactured by Mytek and can be:
-ADAT with S/MUX 96/24 recording
-TDIF with S/MUX 24/96 and Prism MRX Bitsplit
-Sonic HDSP/USP
-Protools ® compatible
-Sadie / dual AES
220
110
Analog inputs. Nominal balanced +4dB
level. Consumer -10dBV level can be
achieved by turning the level trimpots
up and, connecting sleeve to pin 1 and
pin 3 and tip to pin 2.
Wordclock is a TTL
level signal = FS.
Wck for 88/96 kHz
can be either 88/96 or
44/48 (see “dip
switch”)
This BNC jack outputs Wordclock- a TTL
level signal = FS and phase locked to
incoming sample clock. If AES/EBU input is
selected the clock is stripped from pair #1/2.
Wck for 88/96 kHz can be either 88/96 or
44/48 (see “dip switch”). A 75 Ohm
terminating resistor can be switched in via
jumper inside.
Setting up the 8X96 ADC is fairly straightforward - install the unit in the rack, and make
all necessary connections. If you rack frame is grounded, you may consider evaluating
inter-equipment ground connections and power cord grounding. If unbalanced audio is
involved, connect the sleeve to pin 1 and pin 3 tied together and the ring to pin 2.
If an external house clock is used, make sure that the clocks are properly fed and
terminated (75 Ohm) if necessary, especially for long cable runs.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 Converters are microprocessor controlled and as such are subject to static
interference. If unusual circumstances such as a lightning storm cause any malfunctions,
reboot the unit. For further questions regarding setup and features contact your dealer or
Mytek technical support.
8X96 ADC – Analog Input Alingment
Before using the 8X96ADC you need to align its analog inputs. The alignment generally
does not affect audio quality, only input sensitivity. The alignment is performed using 10
turn trimpots on the front panel. A small tweaker or screwdriver is necessary.
You have to arbitrarily decide what will be your studio "0 VU" analog/digital reference
level. It is usually between -20 and -14dB. It defines how much headroom you have left
over the normal operating "0 VU" level. You may set it at the same level as other piece of
equipment in your studio. For example Panasonic 3700 is fixed at -18dB (which is low
for most rock and roll recordings). ADAT is fixed at -15dB which is an optimal level.
1.Set the oscillator in your console at 1kHz and "0 VU". Send the oscillator
to the interface analog input."0 VU" at + 4dB corresponds to 1.225 Volts
RMS measured between pin 2 and 3 of the output XLRs. If you do not have an analog
oscillator, you can use a calibrated analog out of a DA converter and generate sinewave
inside the DAW.
2.Select the "analog input". Connect a digital meter to a digital output. If
you don't have a dedicated digital meter use the most precise meter
available in you existing digital recording equipment or DAW.
3. Adjust the analog input level to get appropriate reading of the meter
(for example -15dB).
4. Repeat the same for all analog channels.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Signal Flow
W RD C K
IN PU T
EX T.W RD C K
D E JIT ER R IN G
PL L
C R Y S TA L
O S C ILL ATO R
W RD C K
OUTPU T
4 S T ER E O4 S T ER E O
A E S IN S A E S O U TS
AD C S YN C
E X T/IN T
CL OCK
G E N E R ATO R
ANALOG
IN P U T
# 1 /2
S u pe rS TE RE O S ha p e rH R ™
2 4 B IT A /D
# 1 /2
N O IS E
S H AP IN G
ANALOG
IN P U T
# 3 /4
S up e rS TE RE O S ha p e rH R ™
2 4 B IT A /D
#3 /4
N O IS E
S H APIN G
ANALOG
IN P U T
# 5 /6
S u pe rS TE RE O S h ap e rH R ™
2 4 B IT A /D
# 5 /6
N O IS E
S H AP ING
ANALOG
IN P U T
# 7 /8
S up e rS TE RE O S ha p e rH R ™
2 4 B IT A /D
# 7 /8
N O IS E
S H APIN G
W RDC K
E X TR A C T
8 C H AN H I-SP E E D
(U P TO 9 6K ) A E S /E B U
D IG I/O
(4 X L R PAIR S)
( STA N D A R D )
IN P U T
S E LE C TO R
J ITT E R
R E D U C TIO N
D IP S W ITC H
SYSTEM
C ONTR OL
O P T IO N A L
8 C H A N D IG I/O
D A U GH TE R C AR D
( M D M 1)
(S /M U X O R
BIT S P LIT IN G
D E P E N D O N T YP E
OF CA RD )
8 C H A N N EL + O U
U P TO 2 4/96*
O P T IO N A L
8 C H A N D IG I/O
D A U GH TE R C AR D
( M D M 2)
(S /M U X O R
B IT S P LIT IN G
D E P E N D O N T YP E
OF CARD
8 C H A N N EL + O U
U P TO 2 4/96*
8 C H AN N E L + O U
U P TO 24/96*
8 C H AN N E L + O U
U P TO 24/96 *
TO A LL D IG ITA L O U T S
S IM U LTA N EO U S LY
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 9 of 54
8X96 ADC - Features
Sampling Frequencies and External Synchronization
The Analog-Digital converters are implemented as 4 stereo pairs. They operate
synchronously , i.e. all 4 converters always receive the same clock. As a result, all 8
digital outputs (or 4 stereo pairs of digital signals) are in sync and in phase.
The converters need a sampling clock of any frequency btwn. 25-100 kHz. If Analog
Input is selected, the A/D converters are active and can be clocked by the internal crystal
oscillator (set ADC SYNC =“Internal”) or external wordclock (set ADC SYNC =
“Wrdck.”).
The internal crystal oscillator provides 4 sampling frequencies:
-44.1 kHz (Set SAMPL=”44.1” and SAMPLING=”Reg(x1)”)
-48 kHz (Set SAMPL=”48” and SAMPLING=”Reg(x1)”)
-88.2 kHz (Set SAMPL=”44.1” and SAMPLING=”Hi-Sp(x2)”)
-96 kHz (Set SAMPL=”48” and SAMPLING=”Hi-Sp(x2)”)
The SAMPL and SAMPLING set the sampling frequency of the ADC only, but they
always have to be set properly as they are used to set the digital output sampling flags.
When digital input is selected the incoming sample rate is maintained throughout the unit.
The 8X96 ADC has a robust, very low jitter (<10ps) crystal oscillator for sampling
frequencies of 44.1, 48, 88.2 and 96kHz. For all tasks that don’t require slaving to an
external clock, the use of this internal clock is recommended as it achieves the lowest
possible jitter, resulting in maximum converter performance. It is recommended that
external devices such as DAW or recorders be slaved to the A/D. If the converter is
resolved to external wordclock, the clock jitter may increase depending on the stability of
the wordclock source. Incoming clock jitter is attenuated but not eliminated. Thus the
sampling clock quality is proportional to the quality of incoming wordclock. Therefore,
the use of the internal crystal generator is recommended for highest quality. If the
8X96ADC is used to feed a DAW, we recommend setting the DAW clock source to
“digital input” and setting the ADC to internal clock. This arrangement will provide the
best performance. If external clock source must be used (e.g. for video work), a stable
external wordclock generator is recommended. Proper 75 Ohm termination (set through
internal jumpers) can reduce wordclock jitter, especially for long cable runs. (Note: make
sure that the wordclock source is able to drive a 75 Ohm load).
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Features
Digital Inputs, Outputs and synchronization
8X96ADC comes equipped with hi-speed AES/EBU digital output and input standard.
Additionally up to two daughter interface (MDM) cards can be installed. There are
several different MDM cards available for Mytek 8X96. They are the same for both ADC
and DAC:
ADAT – Features 2 ADAT lightpipe inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 ADAT lightpipe
outputs. Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total)
TDIF – Features 2 TDIF inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 TDIF outputs (2 TDIF
connectors). Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total). Also incorporates Prism MR2024 compatible
codec for hi-res recording on Tascam DA88 and DA38
Protools ® Compatible – Features 2 888-style connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two different physical boxes,
second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC. Additionally there is an
optional stereo piggyback DAC that can be mounted on this MDM to provide simple
high quality 2 channel monitoring. Because of current status of the Protools system, the
interface works up to 48kHz only.
Sonic Solutions HDSP/USP – Features 2 Sonic-style 68 pin connectors for direct
connection to the computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two
different physical boxes, second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC or
another unit in the chain. The card features a switch to set the unit address. In the current
firmware version (as of Dec 2000) 8X96 interfaces with Sonic, but the parameters have
to be set physically with the unit’s switches.
Sadie/Dual AES – Features 2 BOB style 25 pin connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Second connector can be used with second Sadie card for full 8 channel
24/96 system. One Sadie card provides interface for 4 channels of 24/96 or 8 channels of
24/48. The card is essentially a Dual-wire (S/MUX) AES interface on a 25 pin D
connector and can be also used with other dual-wire AES equipment.
8X96 user can take full advantage of the choice of interfacing and use both ADC or
DAC boxes to record 24/96 on standard 48k equipment and to decode, and copy
data between any installed format. Detailed description of all cards can be found in
the chapter “Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards”
If the converter is outfitted with an optional card, and a digital input is selected, a bit-bybit digital format conversion can be performed. If the bit splitting and sample splitting
function is off (see MRX, S/MUX), data bits are cloned and digital clocks are reclocked
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 11 of 54
and cleaned up from jitter. The data path is 24 bit. No noise shaping can be performed on
digital input data. If a bit splitting method is used , a bit-split signal arriving at the digital
input can be decoded and output digitally at the proper wordlength (see the next chapter).
During normal operation, when the analog input (ADC) is selected as the signal source,
the digital signal is present at both the AES outputs and the output of one the optional
DIO card. If the A/D is outfitted with two such cards, the active one is selected using
internal DIP Switch (see “Special DIP Switch Options”).
It is also possible to select either AES/EBU or any of the installed optional DIO (MDM
card) as inputs. In this case the digital signal is looped through to the AES outputs as
well as the outputs of the optional interface. Any interface specific flags except emphasis
are dropped. Output sampling rate flags are set according to that of the sampling rate
selector switch. There are only flags for 44.1 and 48k: 88.2 and 96k are not flagged as
there is currently no AES/EBU standard for flagging high sample rates. The signal clock
is regenerated and the internal clock PLL removes incoming clock jitter, so jitter is
attenuated from the ADC digital output.
The AES/EBU interface will pass through (from its inputs to outputs) even 4
asynchronous signals. The format conversion, however, requires pairs to be synchronous
as only the clock of pair #1/2 is used for format conversion. If less than 4 pairs are used,
at least one pair should be feeding channels #1/2.
For example: if you need to record a stereo AES/EBU signal on your eight channel MDM
machine on tracks #7/8 only, feed the signal to input #1/2 and the loop the AES output
#1/2 to the AES input #7/8. Arm only tracks #7/8 and you are ready to go.
A stripped wordclock is present at the wordclock output. This signal is stripped off the
clock of incoming signal. If AES/EBU input is selected, the wordclock is stripped from
the pair #1/2 only. The chapter “Special DIP Switch Options” describes how to set
wordclock output to be either 44/48 or 88/96, depending on application.
The 8X96 ADC does not do sample rate conversion.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Features
Mytek “SuperShaper-HR” ™ Noise Shaping & Dither
The 8X96 A/D converter employs SuperShaper-HR ™ - a sophisticated
psychoacoustically optimized noise shaping and dithering algorithm. SuperShaper-HR ™
th
uses 9 order high resolution noise shaping filters with proprietary filter coefficients
developed by Mytek Inc. The appropriate noiseshaping curve is programmed into
noiseshaping filters for each selected sampling frequency. This feature allows for
preserving 24 bit performance in 16 and 20 bit data output. The noiseshaping is
automatically engaged whenever 16 or 20 bit wordlength is selected and is active only
when analog input is selected. If digital input is selected the input data is cloned without
any processing.
Noise shaper performance graphs at 16 bit output.
Note the increased benefit of noiseshaping at hi-speed where 22 bit performance can be
achieved using 16 bit/96kHz storage.
When noise-shaping processing is on, the quantization noise is removed from the audio
band, where the noise floor is kept as close as possible to the 24 bit level, and moved to
the 20-22 kHz range (for FS=44 or 48k) or to 30-44kHz range (for high sampling rates).
Noise shaping is especially beneficial at higher sampling rates. At 88.2 or 96kHz the
noise is moved far beyond the audio band. As a result, the noiseshaping is much more
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 13 of 54
effective. A noise shaped 20 bit, 96k signal sounds virtually as good as 24 bit, 96k. Thus
using a 20 bit ADAT for 4 channel 20 bit, 96k recording (see S/MUX) can be very
effective.
The noise-shaping filters are automatically engaged at appropriate levels when either 16
or 20 bit output wordlenght is selected. If 24 bit output is selected, the noise-shaping
filter is off. There is an option to defeat the noise shaping and replace it with flat dither
accessible via a DIP switch inside the unit. (see “Special DIP switch options”)
More information about use of noise shaping in high resolution recording can be found in
the following Audio Engineering Society Preprints ( http://www.aes.org ):
“Coding Methods for High Resolution Recording Systems”
Preprint Number: 4639 Convention: 103 1997-09
Author: J. Robert Stuart
This paper reviews the recording and reproduction chain from the viewpoints of digital
audio engineering and psychoacoustics. It also attempts to define the audio requirements
of a transparent digital audio channel. The theory and practice of selecting high sample
rates such as 96kHz and word lengths of up to 24 bits are examined. The relative
importance of sampling rate and word size at various points in the recording, mastering,
transmission, and replay chain is discussed.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither at 44.1, 48, and 96 kHz”
Preprint Number: 4236
Author: J. R. Stuart
Author: R. J. Wilson
Convention: 100 1996-05
This paper presents an overview of the work done on noise shaping, summarizing how
noise shapers are designed, implemented and measured, and outlining the hearing model
used to evaluate the various designs achieved.
“Dynamic Range Enhancement Using Noise-Shaped Dither Applied to Signals with and
without Preemphasis”
Preprint Number: 3871 Convention: 96 1994-03
Author: Robert Stuart
Author: Rhonda J. Wilson
This paper presents new noise-shaped dithers designed to give increased subjective
dynamic range when applied to signals with and without pre-emphasis.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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“Optimal Noise Shaping and Dither of Digital Signals”
Preprint Number: 2822 Convention: 87 1989-10
Author: Michael Gerzon
Author: Peter G. Craven
This paper discusses optimizing noise shaping, with or without dither, using filtered
error-feedback round a quantizer.
“Psychoacoustically Optimal Noise Shaping”
Preprint Number: 2965 Convention: 89 1990-09
AES Journal Vol:Issue: 40:7/8 Page: 611 Year: 1992
Author: Robert A. Wannamaker
This paper examines the design of psycho-acoustically optimal noise shaping filters for
requantization in non-oversampling digital audio applications.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Features
Digital Inputs, Outputs and synchronization
Both ADC and DAC 8X96 Converters can perform digital format conversion between
any installed format (MDM Daughter cards), including standard AES/EBU DIO. See
“Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards)
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Features
S/MUX ™ sample splitting and Prism MRX™ bit splitting
8X96 Converters bridge the advantages of 24 bit and 24/96 technology with the technical
abilities of older digital equipment. S/MUX ™ and MRX ™ sample and bit splitting
techniques allow for use of 16, 20 and 24 machines to record larger bit depth and higher
sampling rates. These techniques are implemented on MDM daughter cards and are
described in detail further in the chapter “Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards”.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Features
8X96 ADC - Special DIP Switch Options
Both ADC and DAC units are equipped with a dip switch mounted on the main
motherboard next to BNC wordclock jack. This switch allows tailoring certain features of
the A/D converters to the actual system setup.
Bold are factory default settings
Switch #
ON
OFF
1
ADC dither for 16/20 out ON
ADC dither for 16/20 out OFF
2
Supershaper™ for 16/20 out ON Supershaper™ for 16/20 out OFF
3
NOT ASSIGNED
4
WCK I/O =44/48 for 88/96 data
5
TDIF IN is 24 bit
truncate bits 17-24 on TDIF in
6
Cloning Disabled
Cloning MDM Connectors
7
AES is Dual Wire for 88/96
8
NOT ASSIGNED
NOT ASSIGNED
WCK I/O =88/96 for 88/96 data
AES is Hi-Speed for 88/96
NOT ASSIGNED
Description:
ADC dither for 16/20 out- when 16 or 20 bit conversion is selected appropriate dither is
applied
Supershaper™ for 16/20 out – when 16 or 20 bit conversion is selected the
SuperShaper noise shaping is engaged. For best transparency we recommend using it in
conjunction with dither. With this , the 9th order noiseshaper is very similar to Po-wr ™
noiseshaping algorithm #3.
WCK I/O =44/48 for 88/96 data– This setting facilitates synchronizing the converter
working in 88/96kHz mode with external equipment working in 44/48k mode. For
example Tascam machines require 44/48k wordclock , when they record 88/96k in
bit/sample split mode. This setting affects both wck in and out.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Truncate bits 17-24 on TDIF in (default OFF, default pass 24 bit) – This setting
truncates lowest 8 bit on TDIF input, allowing only for 16 bit input resolution. We have
implemented this setting after discovering that Tascam DA88 machine outputs “rubbish”
on bits 17-24.
Cloning MDM Connectors (default disabled) – This setting is active in S/MUX or
MRX mode and with ADAT and TDIF cards only. The cloning function is primarily
intended for output to a backup machine and for easy A/B’ing of two sources.
Since the cards feature 2 sets of connectors called “machine A” and “machine B” and the
ADC is 8x24/96, while connectors are 44/48k, there are several modes the unit can
operate with.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX OFF):
All channels are sample-split (S/MUX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in
S/MUX pairs on connector A and channels 5-8 are on connector B.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE1–96 =4x24@88/96):
Channels 1-2 and 5-6 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-2 are output/input
in MRX pairs on connector A and channels 5-6 are on connector B.
Channels 3,4,7,8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE2–96 =6x20@88/96):
Channels 1-3 and 5-7 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-3 are output/input
in MRX pairs on connector A and channels 5-7 are on connector B.
Channels 4,8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE1 =8x24@44/48):
Channels 1-8 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and channels 5-8 are on connector B.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning enabled, (MRX OFF):
Channels 1-4 are sample-split (S/MUX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in
S/MUX pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Machine A/B select
switch can select the source to be either connector A or B.
Cloning enabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE1–96 =2x24@88/96):
Channels 1-2 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-2 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 3-8 are not used.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 19 of 54
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
Cloning enabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE2–96 =3x20@88/96):
Channels 1-3 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-3 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 4-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
Cloning enabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE1 =4x24@44/48):
Channels 1-4 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 5-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
Cloning enabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE2 =6x20@44/48):
Channels 1-6 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-6 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 7-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
AES is Dual Wire for 88/96 – In on position AES I/O operates in dual wire mode ie hispeed 96(88)k signal is split into two 48(44)k streams (similar to S/MUX- see further
description about S/MUX). In this mode each AESI/O carries single channel of audio (as
opposed to usual stereo). Only 4 channels (1-4) are available through AES I/O in this
mode.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 ADC – Specifications
Conversion:
Linear,
128x oversampling at 44.1/48kHz
64x oversampling at 88.2/96kHz
Resolution:
24 bit
Sample rates:
44.1kHz, 48kHz, 88.2kHz, 96kHz
or wordclock 25-100kHz
Dynamic Range:
120dB A-weighted, 117dB Total
THD+Noise:
-105dB (<0.0005%)
Internal clock jitter:
<10picoseconds
Analog Inputs:
+4dBm balanced or unbalanced, 10kOhm
Adjustable +6dB/-14dB
Digital inputs/ outputs:
Hi-speed (25-100kHz) AES/EBU
two MDM Daughter Cards DIO optional:
(choose ADAT, TDIF, Protools Compatible, HDSP/USP,
Sadie)
Bitsplitting/ Samplesplitting: Prism MRX ™ and S/MUX ™ w/ TDIF card
S/MUX ™ w/ ADAT card
Dual wire AES/EBU w/ Sadie card
External Sync.:
Wordclock in and out. 15 LS TTL loads max. on output
Mains:
100/115V-220/240V switchable
Dimensions:
1 rack space wide x 2U high x 5.5” deep (19”x 3.50”x 5.5”)
Weight:
8 pounds
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 DAC – Quick Start
Dual function leds. Normally leds display the
wordlenght of the signal. If MRX is selected led display
detected mode of MRX encoding and its compatibility
with MRX switch setting. (see “Bitsplitting”)
DAC sync source. Normally “DIG IN” .
See “DAC - internal sync” if you need a
completely jitter immune D/A
conversion
Input selector switch
Some DIO interface cards such as ADAT
and TDIF have 2 sets of 8 chan DIO - A
and B. In regular speed mode, this switch
selects either port A or B. In high speed
mode and w/MRX
and S/MUX modes (see “dip switch”)
Lock leds indicate lock of pairs of digital inputs. Note
that for 8 channel DIO interfaces there is one
common clock, while AES/EBU pairs can be
converted to analog independently (asynchronously).
However, AES pairs have to be synchronous to be
properly converted to another digital format.
Mode of MRX codec
- turn it off if you are
Output level adjustment. Nominal
not using MRX.
0VU=+4dB=1.225VRMS=Relevant to TDIF
18dBFS
Only.
-20dB and -3dB peak
leds display the peak
Sampling frequency range:
signal level relative to 0
Reg= 25kHz - 50kHz
dBFS.
Hi= 50kHz - 100kHz
Switch automatically engages S/MUX on
ADAT and TDIF
Hi-speed AES/EBU outputs for signals of 25100kHz FS. Standard 110 Ohm, balanced,
transformer isolated implementation. As all
Hi-speed AES/EBU
outputs they repeat selected input. If “AES IN” is
inputs lock to signals selected, the signal is a reclocked (jitter
of 25-100kHz FS.
reduced) clone i.e. all bits and flags are exactly
Standard 110 Ohm,
repeated. If other DIO is selected, certain flags
balanced, transformer may not be repeated.
isolated
(See “Digital format conversion”)
Up to two Digital Input-Output Interfaces can
be installed (apart of standard AES/EBU).
These interfaces are daughter cards
manufactured by Mytek and can be:
-ADAT with S/MUX 96/24 recording
-TDIF with S/MUX 24/96 and Prism MRX Bitsplit
-Sonic HDSP/USP
-Protools ® compatible
-Sadie / dual AES
220
110
Analog outputs. Nominal balanced +4dB level.
Consumer -10dBV level can be achived by turning
the level trimpots down and, connecting sleeve to
pin 1 and ring to pin 2. Leave pin 3 unconnected.
Do not ever short any pins to ground.
This BNC jack can output AES11 Sync signal or
Wordclock. Switchable inside via jumpers. Wordclock is
default. Wordclock is a TTL level signal = FS and phase
locked to incoming sample clock. If AES/EBU input is
selected the clock is stripped from pair #1/2. A 75 Ohm
terminating resistor can be switched in via jumper inside.
Setting up the 8X96 DAC is fairly straightforward- install the unit in the rack, and make
all necessary connections. If you rack frame is grounded, you may consider evaluating
inter-equipment ground connections and power cord grounding. If unbalanced audio is
involved, connect sleeve to pin 1 and ring to pin 2. Leave pin 3 floating. If an external
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 22 of 54
house clock is used, make sure that the clocks are properly fed and terminated (75 Ohm)
if necessary, especially for long cable runs.
8X96 Converters are microprocessor controlled and as such are subject to static
interference. If unusual circumstances such as lightning storm cause a malfunction, try
rebooting the unit. For further questions regarding setup and features contact your
dealer or Mytek technical support.
8X96 ADC – Analog Input Alingment
Before using the 8X96ADC you need to align its analog inputs. The alignment generally
does not affect audio quality, only input sensitivity. The alignment is performed using 10
turn trimpots on the front panel. A small tweaker or screwdriver is necessary.
You have to arbitrarily decide what will be your studio "0 VU" analog/digital reference
level. It is usually between -20 and -14dB. It defines how much headroom you have left
over the normal operating "0 VU" level. You may set it at the same level as other piece of
equipment in your studio. For example Panasonic 3700 is fixed at -18dB (which is low
for most rock and roll recordings). ADAT is fixed at -15dB which is an optimal level.
1. Play a digital audio source (DAW generator, test CD etc.) set to approx. 1kHz at the
operating level you have chosen (let's say you have chosen -15dB).
2. Send the signal from the analog output to the console VU meter. If you don't have a
VU meter you can use an AC voltmeter set to measure AC RMS values. "0 VU"at + 4dB
corresponds to 1.225 Volts RMS measured between pin 2 and 3 of the output XLRs.
3.Using a tweaker or a small screwdriver adjust the analog outputs until VU meter reads
"0 VU".
4. Repeat the same for all outputs.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 23 of 54
8X96 DAC – Signal Flow
W R DC K
O U T PU T
4 S T ER EO 4 S TE R E O
A E S O U T S AE S IN S
W RD C K
EX TR A C T
C R Y S TA L
O SC IL L ATO R
OR
8 C H A N H I-SP EE D
(U P TO 96K ) A E S/E B U
D IG I/O
(4 X L R PA IR S)
(STA N D AR D )
IN T ER N A L /
D IG IN
SY N C
SW ITC H
CLOC K
G EN E R ATO R
AN ALO G
OU T
#7/ 8
S TE R E O
24 B IT D /A
# 7/8
AN ALO G
OU T
#5/ 6
S T E RE O
24 B ITD /A
# 5/6
AN ALO G
OU T
#3/ 4
S TE R E O
24 B ITD /A
# 3/4
IN PU T
S E LE C TO R
JITT ER
R E D U C TIO N
D IP S W ITC H
SY S TE M
CON T ROL
O PT IO N A L
8 C H A N D IG I/O
D A U GH TER C A R D
(M D M 1 )
(S/M U X O R
B IT SP L IT IN G
D E P E N D O N T Y PE
O F CA RD )
8 C HANN EL + OU
U P TO 24 /96 *
O PT IO N A L
8 C H A N D IG I/O
D A U GH TER C A R D
(M D M 2 )
(S/M U X O R
B IT SP L IT IN G
D E P E N D O N T Y PE
OF C ARD
8 C HANN EL + OU
U P TO 24 /96 *
8 C HANN EL + O U
U P TO 2 4 /96 *
8 C HANN EL + O U
U P TO 2 4 /96 *
TO A L L D IG ITA L O U TS
S IM U LTAN EO U S LY
AN ALO G
OU T
#1/ 2
S TE R E O
24 B ITD /A
# 1/2
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 24 of 54
8X96 ADC – Features
Digital Inputs, Outputs and synchronization
8X96DAC comes equipped with hi-speed AES/EBU digital input and output standard.
Additionally up to two daughter interface (MDM) cards can be installed. There are
several different MDM cards available for Mytek 8X96. They are the same for both ADC
and DAC:
ADAT – Features 2 ADAT lightpipe inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 ADAT lightpipe
outputs. Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total)
TDIF – Features 2 TDIF inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 TDIF outputs (2 TDIF
connectors). Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total). Also incorporates Prism MR2024 compatible
codec for hi-res recording on Tascam DA88 and DA38
Protools ® Compatible – Features 2 888-style connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two different physical boxes,
second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC. Additionally there is an
optional stereo piggyback DAC that can be mounted on this MDM to provide simple
high quality 2 channel monitoring. Because of current status of the Protools system, the
interface works up to 48kHz only.
Sonic Solutions HDSP/USP – Features 2 Sonic-style 68 pin connectors for direct
connection to the computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two
different physical boxes, second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC or
another unit in the chain. The card features a switch to set the unit address. In the current
firmware version (as of Dec 2000) 8X96 interfaces with Sonic, but the parameters have
to be set physically with the unit’s switches.
Sadie/Dual AES – Features 2 BOB style 25 pin connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Second connector can be used with second Sadie card for full 8 channel
24/96 system. One Sadie card provides interface for 4 channels of 24/96 or 8 channels of
24/48. The card is essentially a Dual-wire (S/MUX) AES interface on a 25 pin D
connector and can be also used with other dual-wire AES equipment.
8X96 user can take full advantage of the choice of interfacing and use both ADC or
DAC boxes to record 24/96 on standard 48k equipment and to decode, and copy
data between any installed format. Detailed description of all cards can be found in
the chapter “Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards”
If the converter is outfitted with an optional card, and a digital input is selected, a bit-bybit digital format conversion can be performed. If the bit splitting and sample splitting
function is off (see MRX, S/MUX), data bits are cloned and digital clocks are reclocked
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 25 of 54
and cleaned up from jitter. The data path is 24 bit. If a bit splitting method is used , a bitsplit signal arriving at the digital input can be decoded and output digitally at the proper
wordlength (see the next chapter).
During normal operation, the digital signal is present at both the AES outputs and the
output of the optional DIO cards.
The AES/EBU interface will pass through (from its inputs to outputs) even 4
asynchronous signals. The format conversion, however, requires pairs to be synchronous
as only the clock of pair #1/2 is used for format conversion. If less than 4 pairs are used,
at least one pair should be feeding channels #1/2.
For example: if you need to record a stereo AES/EBU signal on your eight channel MDM
machine on tracks #7/8 only, feed the signal to input #1/2 and the loop the AES output
#1/2 to the AES input #7/8. Arm only tracks #7/8 and you are ready to go.
The converters need a sampling clock of any frequency between 25-100 kHz. The
circuitry inside is divided into two ranges: 25-50kHz and 50-100kHz. The “Sampling”
switch has to be always set to x1 (Regular) for the lower range and x2 (Hi-speed) for the
higher range.
The conversion is 24 bit. 16, 18 and 20 bit signals are automatically converted with the
full wordlength, resulting in performance superior to 16, 18 or 20 bit DAC’s.
No sample rate conversion or noise shaping is implemented in the DAC.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 26 of 54
8X96 DAC – Features
Jitter Immune Operation, Internal Sync, Wordclock Out
In the normal mode DACs are always slaved to incoming digital input. Incoming clock is
run through two PLL circuits for jitter reduction. The incoming data is present on all
outputs with certain limitations regarding the AES/EBU asynchronous mode. (See
“Asynchronous operations as 4 independent stereo DACs” below).
In normal mode wordclock stripped off the clock of incoming signal is present at the
wordclock output.. If AES/EBU input is selected, the wordclock is stripped from the pair
#1/2 only. The chapter “Special DIP Switch Options” describes how to set wordclock
output to be either 44/48 or 88/96, depending on application.. The wordclock output is
intended for special use to be determined by the user. The wordclock output is capable of
driving 75 Ohm terminated destination . This is recommended whenever long (over 10
ft.) cable is used.
There is a special “internal sync mode” which eliminates any relation of sound quality to
incoming jitter. In this mode the converters are clocked from internal crystal oscillator
with accuracy of 10ps of jitter. Wordclock generated by DAC is then driving the signal
source, rather than normal other way around. No matter how jittery the source is the
converters will always sound the same. This mode is recommended for experienced users
and for fixed installations as it requires special attention to overall digital system
clocking. Currently, this feature is implemented for signals originating from AES/EBU
inputs only.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 DAC – Features
Asynchronous operations as 4 independent stereo DACs
Digital to analog converters are implemented as 4 stereo pairs. They can operate
synchronously or asynchronously. During synchronous operation all 4 converters always
receive the same clock, meaning that all four data streams are in phase. This is always the
case when the Daughter Card input is selected. When the AES/EBU input is selected,
the 4 streams can be either synchronous or asynchronous, meaning that up four
independent AES/EBU sources can be monitored as if 4 separate stereo DACs were used.
Format conversion (see further) can only be performed if AES/EBU sources are
synchronous.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 DAC – Features
Digital Format Conversion
Both ADC and DAC 8X96 Converters can perform digital format conversion
between any installed format (MDM Daughter cards), including standard AES/EBU
DIO. See “Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards)
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 DAC – Features
Bit Splitting (Prism MRX™) and Sample Splitting (S/MUX™)
The 8X96DAC bit splitting and sample splitting operates exactly as in the 8X96ADC
(See: “Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter Cards- S/MUX, MRX”).
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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8X96 DAC - Special DIP Switch Options
Both ADC and DAC units are equipped with a dip switch mounted on the main
motherboard next to BNC wordclock jack. This switch allows tailoring certain features of
the D/A converters to the actual system setup.
Bold are factory default settings
Switch #
ON
OFF
1
NOT ASSIGNED
NOT ASSIGNED
2
SYNCHRO AES INS
3
NOT ASSIGNED
4
AES INS INDEPENDENT
NOT ASSIGNED
WCK OUT =44/48 for 88/96 data WCK OUT =88/96 for 88/96 data
5
TDIF IN is 24 bit
truncate bits 17-24 on TDIF in
6
Cloning Disabled
Cloning MDM Connectors
7
AES is Dual Wire for 88/96
8
NOT ASSIGNED
AES is Hi Speed for 88/96
NOT ASSIGNED
Description:
Synchro AES Ins– In “on” position AES receivers for pairs 3-4, 5-6, 7-8 are slaved to
AES IN 1-2. This setting must be used when simultaneous format conversion of 4
synchronous AES pairs is required. It also must be used when DAC is resolved to its
internal clock and an external AES source is slaved to DAC clock.
WCK I/O =44/48 for 88/96 data– This setting facilitates synchronizing the converter
working in 88/96kHz mode with external equipment working in 44/48k mode. For
example Tascam machines require 44/48k wordclock , when they record 88/96k in
bit/sample split mode. This setting affects both wck in and out.
Truncate bits 17-24 on TDIF in (default OFF, default pass 24 bit) – This setting
truncates lowest 8 bit on TDIF input, allowing only for 16 bit input resolution. We have
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 31 of 54
implemented this setting after discovering that Tascam DA88 machine outputs “rubbish”
on bits 17-24.
Cloning MDM Connectors (default disabled) – This setting is active in S/MUX or
MRX mode and with ADAT and TDIF cards only. The cloning function is primarily
intended for output to a backup machine and for easy A/B’ing of two sources.
Since the cards feature 2 sets of connectors called “machine A” and “machine B” and the
ADC is 8x24/96, while connectors are 44/48k, there are several modes the unit can
operate with.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX OFF):
All channels are sample-split (S/MUX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in
S/MUX pairs on connector A and channels 5-8 are on connector B.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE1–96 =4x24@88/96):
Channels 1-2 and 5-6 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-2 are output/input
in MRX pairs on connector A and channels 5-6 are on connector B.
Channels 3,4,7,8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE2–96 =6x20@88/96):
Channels 1-3 and 5-7 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-3 are output/input
in MRX pairs on connector A and channels 5-7 are on connector B.
Channels 4,8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning disabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE1 =8x24@44/48):
Channels 1-8 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and channels 5-8 are on connector B.
Machine A/B select switch is not operational.
Cloning enabled, (MRX OFF):
Channels 1-4 are sample-split (S/MUX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in
S/MUX pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Machine A/B select
switch can select the source to be either connector A or B.
Cloning enabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE1–96 =2x24@88/96):
Channels 1-2 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-2 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 3-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Cloning enabled, (88/96k, MRX MODE2–96 =3x20@88/96):
Channels 1-3 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-3 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 4-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
Cloning enabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE1 =4x24@44/48):
Channels 1-4 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-4 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 5-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
Cloning enabled, (44/48k, MRX MODE2 =6x20@44/48):
Channels 1-6 are bit-split (MRX) . Channels 1-6 are output/input in MRX
pairs on connector A and B simultaneously. Channels 7-8 are not used.
Machine A/B select switch can select the source to be either connector A
or B.
AES is Dual Wire for 88/96 – In on position AES I/O operates in dual wire mode ie hispeed 96(88)k signal is split into two 48(44)k streams (similar to S/MUX- see further
description about S/MUX). In this mode each AESI/O carries single channel of audio (as
opposed to usual stereo). Only 4 channels (1-4) are available through AES I/O in this
mode.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 33 of 54
8X96 DAC – Specifications
Conversion:
Linear,
128x oversampling at 44.1/48kHz
64x oversampling at 88.2/96kHz
Resolution:
24 bit
Sample rates:
25-100kHz (dig. in sync), 44.1k, 48k, 88.2k, 96k (int. sync)
Internal Clock Jitter:
10 ps
Dynamic Range:
120dB A-weighted, 117dB Total
THD+Noise:
-100dB (<0.001%)
Analog Outputs:
+4dBm balanced or unbalanced, 10kOhm
Adjustable +6dB/-14dB
Digital inputs/ outputs:
Hi-speed (25-100kHz) AES/EBU
two MDM Daughter Cards DIO optional:
(choose ADAT, TDIF, Protools Compatible, HDSP/USP,
Sadie)
Bitsplitting/ Samplesplitting: Prism MRX ™ and S/MUX ™ w/ TDIF card
S/MUX ™ w/ ADAT card
Dual wire AES/EBU w/ Sadie card
External Sync.:
Wordclock output 15 LS TTL loads max. on output
Mains:
100/115V-220/240V switchable
Dimensions:
1 rack space wide x 2U high x 5.5” deep (19”x 3.50”x 5.5”)
Weight:
8 pounds
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 34 of 54
Digital Inputs, Outputs and Daughter cards
8X96DAC comes equipped with hi-speed AES/EBU digital input and output standard.
Additionally up to two daughter interface (MDM) cards can be installed. There are
several different MDM cards available for Mytek 8X96. They are the same for both ADC
and DAC:
ADAT – Features 2 ADAT lightpipe inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 ADAT lightpipe
outputs. Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total)
TDIF – Features 2 TDIF inputs (2x 8chan@48k) and 2 TDIF outputs (2 TDIF
connectors). Incorporates S/MUX sample splitting for 4 channel of 24/96 through one
lightpipe ( 8channel 24/96 max total). Also incorporates Prism MR2024 compatible
codec for hi-res recording on Tascam DA88 and DA38
Protools ® Compatible – Features 2 888-style connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two different physical boxes,
second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC. Additionally there is an
optional stereo piggyback DAC that can be mounted on this MDM to provide simple
high quality 2 channel monitoring. Because of current status of the Protools system, the
interface works up to 48kHz only.
Sonic Solutions HDSP/USP – Features 2 Sonic-style 68 pin connectors for direct
connection to the computer card. Since Mytek 8X96 ADC and DAC come in two
different physical boxes, second connector can be used to jump from ADC to DAC or
another unit in the chain. The card features a switch to set the unit address. In the current
firmware version (as of Dec 2000) 8X96 interfaces with Sonic, but the parameters have
to be set physically with the unit’s switches.
Sadie/Dual AES – Features 2 BOB style 25 pin connectors for direct connection to the
computer card. Second connector can be used with second Sadie card for full 8 channel
24/96 system. One Sadie card provides interface for 4 channels of 24/96 or 8 channels of
24/48. The card is essentially a Dual-wire (S/MUX) AES interface on a 25 pin D
connector and can be also used with other dual-wire AES equipment.
8X96 user can take full advantage of the choice of interfacing and use both ADC or
DAC boxes to record 24/96 on standard 48k equipment and to decode, and copy
data between any installed format.
If the converter is outfitted with an optional card, and a digital input is selected, a bit-bybit digital format conversion can be performed. If the bit splitting and sample splitting
function is off (see MRX, S/MUX), data bits are cloned and digital clocks are reclocked
and cleaned up from jitter. The data path is 24 bit. If a bit splitting method is used , a bitsplit signal arriving at the digital input can be decoded and output digitally at the proper
wordlength (see the next chapter).
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 35 of 54
During normal operation, the digital signal is present at both the AES outputs and the
output of the optional DIO cards.
The AES/EBU interface will pass through (from its inputs to outputs) even 4
asynchronous signals. The format conversion, however, requires pairs to be synchronous
as only the clock of pair #1/2 is used for format conversion. If less than 4 pairs are used,
at least one pair should be feeding channels #1/2.
For example: if you need to record a stereo AES/EBU signal on your eight channel MDM
machine on tracks #7/8 only, feed the signal to input #1/2 and the loop the AES output
#1/2 to the AES input #7/8. Arm only tracks #7/8 and you are ready to go.
The converters need a sampling clock of any frequency between 25-100 kHz. The
circuitry inside is divided into two ranges: 25-50kHz and 50-100kHz. The “Sampling”
switch has to be always set to x1 (Regular) for the lower range and x2 (Hi-speed) for the
higher range.
No sample rate conversion or noise shaping is performed during D-D format
conversion.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 36 of 54
Hi-Speed AES/EBU interface (Standard)
Hi-speed AES/EBU interface is standard for both ADC and DAC converters. The
interface is capable of transferring of signals up to 24 bit and sampling rates of 25100kHz. It is also possible to select either AES/EBU or optional MDM DIO as inputs.
The digital signal is looped through to the AES outputs as well as the outputs of the
optional interface. Any interface specific flags except emphasis are dropped. In ADC
output sampling rate flags are set according to that of the sampling rate selector switch.
There are only flags for 44.1 and 48k: 88.2 and 96k are not flagged as there is currently
no AES/EBU standard for flagging high sample rates. The signal clock is regenerated
and the internal clock PLL removes incoming clock jitter, in other words jitter is
attenuated.
The AES/EBU interface will pass through (from its inputs to outputs) even 4
asynchronous signals. The format conversion, however, requires pairs to be synchronous
as only the clock of pair #1/2 is used for format conversion. If less than 4 pairs are used,
at least one pair should be feeding channels #1/2.
When digital input is selected, stripped wordclock is present at the wordclock output.
This signal is stripped off the clock of incoming signal. If AES/EBU input is selected, the
wordclock is stripped from the pair #1/2 only.
No sample rate conversion or noiseshaping is or can be performed during D-D transfers.
An upgraded version of AES/EBU interface is planned. It will feature following
additional functions which are not available now:
-
“dual wire” , 4 channel interface option for 96kHz operation
automatic sample rate flag detection
ability to use internal clock generator in DAC (now available in MDM interfaces
only)
Inquire with Mytek about schedule and upgrades.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 37 of 54
TDIF Interface (with MRX ™ and S/MUX ™)
TDIF MDM interface is equipped with two TDIF ports, A an B which allow to operate
with either one or two Tascam MDM machines or interface to other Tascam equipment
for up to 8 channels of I/O and signals up to 24/96. When Tascam MDM machines are
used with the 8X96ADC, the ADC wordclock output has to be fed to the machine
wordclock input and the machine has to be set to accept external wordclock and TDIF
digital input. In case of 24 bit machines (DA78HR and DA98HR) please make sure the
input wordlenght is set to 24 bit and dither is off.
No wordclock is required to interface the 8X96 DAC.
The diagrams below illustrate most popular system applications. We recommend one
tailored to your equipment and needs. Because of sample accurate operation of Tascam
MDMs several 8X96 units can be stacked to increase number of channels. In this case the
first ADC is usually the clock master while the rest are clock slaves.
Detailed description of dip-switch functions can be found in chapter “dip-switch
settings”). Not all possible setup configurations are mentioned (such as e.g. 16 bit/96 k)
48 or 96 numbers are used as an abbreviation. They mean 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz OR 88.2
kHz and 96 kHz sampling frequency.
MRX™ encoding used in some the examples is licensed from Prism and is fully
compatible, i.e. can be decoded by Prism MR 2024T bit splitting interface.
Users of newer 24 bit Tascam MDMs, Tascam MX2424 harddisk recorder and certain
TDIF equipped cards (SEKD) can take advantage of 24/96 capability of Mytek TDIF
interface which is achieved by employing sample splitting technique known as Sonorus
S/MUX (tm), Prism Sound Split96 (tm) where one high speed 96k channel is split
between 2 48k channels (tracks). This technique is compatible with dual wire AES and
recording technique used in Tascam DA98HR. I other words 96k tapes recorded on
DA78HR using Mytek 8X96 can be played back on DA98HR without the need for any
decoder.
for current literature, manuals and online email support check http://www.mytekdigital.com
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 38 of 54
8 TRACKS @ 24/96 USING 24 BIT TASCAM MDM
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
M A C H IN E B TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M R X O FF
(S A M P L =X 2 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-4
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
8 TR A C K S @
2 4 /9 6
CHA N 1-4
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
M RX M O DE1
TD IF B
OUT
CHA N 5-8
CHA N 5-8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
Our favorite, most elegant use of Tascam 24 bit MDM and 8X96
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
4 TRACKS @ 24/96 USING 24 BIT TASCAM MDM
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M R X O FF
(S A M P L =X 2 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-4
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
4 TR A C K S @
2 4 /9 6
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X2
M R X 0 FF
TD IF B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-4
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
WARNING- FOR DATA INTEGRITY USE ONLY FUJI TAPE W/ TASCAM 24 BIT MDMs
8
OFF
ON
WARNING- FOR DATA INTEGRITY USE ONLY FUJI TAPE W/ TASCAM 24 BIT MDMs
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Page 39 of 54
8 TRACKS @ 24/48 USING 24 BIT TASCAM MDM
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M R X O FF
(S A M P L =X 1 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-8
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
8 TR A C K S @
1 6 /4 8
CHA N 1-8
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X1
M R X 0 FF
TD IF B
OUT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A N A LOG O R D IG ITA L I/O
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
WARNING- FOR DATA INTEGRITY USE ONLY FUJI TAPE W/ TASCAM 24 BIT MDMs
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
M A C H IN E B TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE1
(4X 2 4,S A M P L= X 2 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-2
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
4 TR A C K S @
2 4 /9 6
CHA N 1-2
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
M RX M O DE1
TD IF B
OUT
CHA N 5-6
CHA N 5-6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
4 TRACKS @ 24/96 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE1
(4X 2 4,S A M P L= X 2 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-2
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
2 TR A C K S @
2 4 /9 6
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
M RX M O DE1
TD IF B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-2
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
2 TRACKS @ 24/96 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
OFF
ON
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Page 40 of 54
6 TRACKS @ 20/96 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
M A C H IN E B TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE1
(6X 2 0,S A M P L= X 2 )
CHA N 1-3
TD IF A
OUT
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
6 TR A C K S @
2 0 /9 6
CHA N 1-3
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
M RX M O DE2
TD IF B
OUT
CHA N 5-7
CHA N 5-7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
M A C H IN E B TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE2
(4X 2 4,S A M P L= X 1 )
CHA N 1-4
TD IF A
OUT
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
8 TR A C K S @
2 4 /4 8
CHA N 1-4
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X1
M RX M O DE1
TD IF B
OUT
CHA N 5-8
CHA N 5-8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
8 TRACKS @ 24/48 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE2
(6X 2 0,S A M P L= X 2 )
CHA N 1-3
TD IF A
OUT
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
3 TRA C K S @
2 0 /96
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X2
M RX M O DE2
TD IF B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-3
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
3 TRACKS @ 20/96 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
OFF
ON
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 41 of 54
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE2
(4X 2 4,S A M P L= X 1 )
CHA N 1-4
TD IF A
OUT
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
4 TR A C K S @
2 4 /4 8
CHA N 1-4
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X1
M RX M O DE1
TD IF B
OUT
1
2
3
5
4
6
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
4 TRACKS @ 24/48 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
7
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M RX M O DE2
(6X 2 0,S A M P L= X 1 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-6
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
6 TRA C K S @
2 0 /48
CHA N 1-6
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
S A M P L= X 1
M RX M O DE2
TD IF B
OUT
1
2
3
5
4
6
8
7
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
8 TRACKS @ 16/48 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
TD IF A
IN
T D IF IN T E R FA C E
W / M R X O FF
(S A M P L =X 1 )
TD IF A
OUT
CHA N 1-8
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
8 TR A C K S @
1 6 /4 8
(O N E U N IT )
TD IF B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X1
M R X 0 FF
TD IF B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-8
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
M A C H IN E A TA S C A M
DA88
OR
DA78
1 6 B IT M D M
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
6 TRACKS @ 20/48 USING 16 BIT TASCAM MDM W/MRX
8
OFF
ON
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 42 of 54
ADAT Interface (with S/MUX ™)
ADAT MDM interface is equipped with two ADAT ports, A an B which allow to operate
with either one or two ADAT MDM machines or interface to other ADAT compatible
equipment for up to 8 channels of I/O and signals up to 24/96. ADAT interface uses
clock embedded in the optical signal and no wordclock is required to operate the interface
although it can be used when appropriate.
The diagrams below illustrate most popular system applications. We recommend one
tailored to your equipment and needs. Because of sample accurate operation of ADAT
MDMs several 8X96 units can be stacked to increase number of channels. In this case the
first ADC is usually the clock master while the rest are clock slaves.
Detailed description of dip-switch functions can be found in chapter “dip-switch
settings”). Not all possible setup configurations are mentioned (such as e.g. 16 bit/96 k)
48 or 96 numbers are used as an abbreviation. They mean 44.1 kHz and 48 kHz OR 88.2
kHz and 96 kHz sampling frequency.
Users of 20 bit ADAT MDMs, ADAT interface equipped harddisk recorders and certain
ADAT interface equipped computer cards (Hammerfall, Sonorus Studi/o) can take
advantage of 96kHz capability of Mytek ADAT interface which is achieved by
employing sample splitting technique known as Sonorus S/MUX (tm). S/MUX ™ sample
splitting has been design to allow 96k operation using standard 48k ADAT interface
transmission, where one high speed 96k channel is split between 2 48k channels (tracks).
This technique is compatible with dual wire AES, Prism Sound Split96 (tm) and
recording technique used in Tascam DA98HR. In other words 96k tapes recorded on
DA78HR using Mytek 8X96 can be played back on DA98HR without the need of any
decoder. Read more in chapter “S/MUX”
For these concerned with 20 vs. 24 bit sound quality, we’d like to assure you, that signal
recorded at 20 bit using sophisticated SupershaperHR ™ is virtually indistinguishable
with 24 bit. As a matter of fact we challenge anybody who can distinguish these two
settings, especially at 96kHz. We can safely say that 20 bit 96k masters produced with
Mytek 8X96 will outperform most of other 24/96 masters produced with different
equipment.
for current literature, manuals and online email support check http://www.mytekdigital.com
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 43 of 54
8 TRACKS @ 20/96 USING 20 BIT ADAT MDM
A D AT IN T E R FA C E
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
(S A M P L =X 2 )
ADAT A
OUT
M A C H IN E B A D AT
2 0 B IT M D M
CHA N 1-4
8 TR A C K S @
2 0 /9 6
CHA N 1-4
(O N E U N IT )
ADAT B
IN
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
N S = 2 0 B IT
ADAT B
OUT
CHA N 5-8
CHA N 5-8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
4 TRACKS @ 20/96 USING 20 BIT ADAT MDM
M A C H IN E A A D AT
2 0 B IT M D M
ADAT A
IN
A D AT IN T E R FA C E
ADAT A
OUT
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
CHA N 1-4
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
(S A M P L =X 2 )
4 TR A C K S @
2 0 /9 6
CHA N 1-4
(O N E U N IT )
ADAT B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X2
N S = 2 0 B IT
ADAT B
OUT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
8 TRACKS @ 20/48 USING 20 BIT ADAT MDM
M A C H IN E A A D AT
2 0 B IT M D M
ADAT A
IN
A D AT IN T E R FA C E
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
CHA N 1-8
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
(S A M P L =X 1 )
ADAT A
OUT
8 TR A C K S @
2 0 /4 8
(O N E U N IT )
ADAT B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X1
N S = 2 0 B IT
ADAT B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
ADAT A
IN
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-8
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
M A C H IN E A A D AT
2 0 B IT M D M
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
Our favorite, most elegant use of ADAT 20 bit MDM and 8X96
8
OFF
ON
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Page 44 of 54
8 TRACKS @ 16/48 USING 16 BIT ADAT MDM
ADAT A
IN
A D AT IN T E R FA C E
(S A M P L =X 1 )
ADAT A
OUT
O P T IO N A L
SE CO ND
BACKUP
M A C H IN E
CHA N 1-8
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
8 TR A C K S @
1 6 /4 8
CHA N 1-8
(O N E U N IT )
ADAT B
IN
C L O N IN G O N
SAM PL=X1
N S = 1 6 B IT
ADAT B
OUT
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
OFF
ON
8 TRACKS @ 24/48/96 USING MYTEK DAW 9624
ADAT A
IN
H A M M E R FA LL
OR
SO NO RUS
S T U D IO
PCI CAR D
IN S TA LL E D
IN M A C O R P C
ADAT A
OUT
A D AT IN T E R FA C E
CHA N 1-8
8X96 ADC
OR
8X96 DAC
(S A M P L =X 2
O R =X1)
ADAT B
IN
8 TR A C K S @
2 4 /9 6
OR
2 4 /4 8
(O N E U N IT )
C L O N IN G O F F
SAM PL=X2
O R X1
ADAT B
OUT
1
RECOMMENDED DIP-SWITCH SETTINGS
(DOUBLE POSITION MEANS IRRELEVANT)
2
3
4
5
6
7
CHA N 1-8
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
M A C H IN E A A D AT
1 6 B IT M D M
A N A LO G O R D IG ITA L I/O
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
8
OFF
ON
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 45 of 54
Sadie/ dual AES Interface
Sadie/dual AES interface is (as of Nov 2000) not yet available. Once released the card
will feature 2 sets of 8 channel AES/EBU I/O on two D25 connectors. The interface will
allow interfacing with up to two Sadie 2496 cards for 8 channel of up to 24/96 signal.
The card AES/EBU interface will operate in “dual wire” mode additionally allowing for
format conversion to hi-speed AES/EBU and other installed interfaces such as TDIF,
ADAT, Protools Compatible or Sonic.
Further functional description is a work in progress. Check for new version of manual in
a few weeks
for current literature, manuals and online email support check http://www.mytekdigital.com
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 46 of 54
Sonic HDSP/USP Interface
Sonic HDSP/USP interface is (as of Nov 2000) not yet available. Once released the card
will feature set of 8 channel of up to 24/96 I/O on a HDSP/USP compatible miniD68
connector for direct connection to Sonic PCI card. There will be an additional port B on a
second miniD68 connector for daisy-chaining additional HDSP/USP compatible
equipment. The card will allow for format conversion to hi-speed AES/EBU effectively
replacing dedicated Sonic HD I/O box and to other installed interfaces such as TDIF,
ADAT, Protools ® Compatible or Dual AES.
Further functional description is a work in progress. Check for new version of manual in
a few weeks
for current literature, manuals and online email support check http://www.mytekdigital.com
8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 47 of 54
S/MUX ™ encoder and decoder
The S/MUX ™ sample splitting method was originally developed by Sonorus Inc, in
order to provide means of transmitting 24/96 data over 48k ADAT lightpipe. S/MUX
stands for “sample multiplexing”. S/MUX ™ sample splitting has been design to allow
96k operation using standard 48k ADAT interface transmission. where one high speed
96k channel is split between 2 48k channels (tracks). This technique is compatible with
dual wire AES, Prism Sound Split96 (tm) and the recording technique used in Tascam
DA98HR. Mytek also incorporates S/MUX splitting on the TDIF card in order to record
24/96 using new Tascam HR MDM machines.
S/MUX is currently (Nov 2000) implemented in Mytek ADAT and TDIF interfaces.
S/MUX function is automatically engaged whenever 2X sampling switch is on. For
detailed options on using S/MUX with various 48k equipment see: “Dip switch options”.
The 8X96 ADC equipped with an ADAT or TDIF Card can both encode and decode
S/MUX signals. Similarly, the 8X96 DAC can also encode and decode S/MUX.
S/MUX was developed method of de/multiplexing hi-sampling rates data in order to feed
them through a standard 44/48k ADAT Lightpipe interface and onto a 48k machine or
inside a computer DAW through the Sonorus Studi/o PCI interface card. In short, a 24
bit 96k signal is demultiplexed: odd samples are sent at 48kHz via the odd channel (e.g.
#1) and even samples are sent via the even channel (e.g. #2). As a result, a single ADAT
Lightpipe can carry 4 channels of 24 bit, 88/96kHz signal. The Mytek ADAT daughter
card and Sonorus Studi/o PCI Interface both have two sets of Lightpipes, and thus are
capable of transmitting 8 channels of 24 bit 96kHz audio. This method is the foundation
of the Mytek/Sonorus collaboration on a hardware front end for the multichannel
DAW9624™ which is described later in the manual.
More information on S/MUX ™ can be obtained from Sonorus Inc. at:
http://www.sonorus.com/audio/smux.pdf
An excerpt from this paper follows:
S/MUX is our shorthand for Sample Multiplexing. Multiplexing is the process of
combining multiple streams into one stream (in this case, the streams are audio samples).
Demultiplexing is the opposite process of splitting a single stream into multiple streams.
The basic idea of S/MUX is to join together multiple audio channels in order to represent
a single higher bandwidth channel. Unlike current bit-splitting technology, with S/MUX
each sample is contained within one of the ‘bonded’ channels (bchans), not spread out
among them. The audio channels joined together thus determine the resolution of the
S/MUX channels (schans). If they are 24 bit, the S/MUX channels are 24 bit. If they’re
20 bit, the S/MUX channels are 20 bit, and so on. All the bonded channels (bchans) are,
of course, the same resolution.
This simple idea is made practical through a few conventions:
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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1. The lowest numbered bchan has the earliest-time sample.
2. The next-lowest bchan has the next-earliest sample, and so on.
3. The S/MUX channel (schan) sample rate is an integer multiple (N) of the bchan rate
(e.g. 2x, 3x, 4x,etc.)
4. The oversampling multiplier N is called the order of the schans, notated S/MUX N
(e.g. S/MUX 2 for a 2x, 48KHz to 96KHz system).
5. The first group of bchans {1..N} represent the first schan.
6. The second group of bchans {N+1..2N} represent the second schan, and so on.
7. Though any integer N can be used for the order, powers of two are recommended (2, 4,
8, 16, etc.)
8. No non-audio signaling will be present in the audio streams. Though this means the
user (or system) needs to make not of the S/MUX order, it also means maximum possible
fidelity (using every bit for audio data) as well as simplicity of implementation.
9. It is possible to use schans of different orders simultaneously though care should be
taken to avoid confusion.
10. S/MUX compatible systems must not filter the audio in any way. Since each channel
only sees a fraction (1/N) of the total schan data, any filtering would be invalid (e.g.
lowpass, bandpass, highpass filters).
11. Though ADAT lightpipe is the first implementation, the concept is applicable to any
digital audio format. In fact, the AES is working on a standard for just such a system
using AES/EBU streams.
12. S/MUX is compatible with dithering and gain changes, as long as they are done
exactly the same way for each bchan in a schan group. That is, you can dither or change
the gain of the schan by applying the processing uniformly to the bchans.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Prism MRX ™ encoder and decoder
Mytek has acquired a license for use of the MRX ™ bitsplitting method, developed by
Prism of U.K. and used in their popular MR2024T interface.
MRX bitsplitting is intended to pack higher resolution signals onto 8 channels of Tascam
16 bit DA88 and DA38 machines. The following formats are possible:
MODE1 - 4 channels of 24 bit @44/48k are packed onto 8 tracks of 16 bit.
MODE2 - 6 channels of 20 bit @44/48k are packed onto 8 tracks of 16 bit.
MODE1-96 - 2 channels of 24 bit @88/96k are packed onto 8 tracks of 16 bit.
MODE2-96 - 3 channels of 20 bit @88/96k are packed onto 8 tracks of 16 bit.
MODE*-96 is engaged automatically whenever 2X sampling switch is on. For additional
details see “Dip switch options”.
The MR2024T also encodes a special control signal that can be detected in order to
determine whether mode 1 or 2 was used.
TDIF card can both encode and decode MRX signals.
It’s recommended that one use the MRX™ with 16 bit machines only, unless you are
making a 24 bit stereo master. If you own 20 bit ADAT, a 24 bit signal noise shaped to
20 bit will practically produce the same results, with no future problems decoding the
tapes. Similarly a 20 bit ADAT can be used as 4 channel 20 bit/96k machine with
absolutely stellar results (see S/MUX).
If you are overdubbing and punching-in, do not use MODE2 of MRX as it cannot
produce smooth crossfades. In MODE1 punch-in is possible , but double-check the
quality of the crossfades when recording audiophile quality acoustic music.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Using the 8X96 ADC and /or DAC
As a set of converters, the 8X96 ADC and DAC have a number of applications. The goal
is always to get a substantial improvement of sound quality - the sound of your digital
recorder is always determined by the converters - even a 16 bit ADAT can be turn into 24
bit, 96kHz stereo digital master recorder. The 8X96 sound quality is far superior to any
stock piece of digital audio equipment. The 8X96 has 20db less distortion than the sound
of an average studio DAT machine. As a result, the signal is virtually free of digital
artifacts and remains a faithful mirror of the input – Mytek converters are designed for
transparency, not coloration.
The 8X96 converters are designed for the most demanding mastering and purist recording
applications. The sound quality is superior, even when 44/48k or 16 bit recording is used.
There is a substantial quality improvement when either ADC or DAC is used. If a the
total improvement was described as 100%, roughly 60% could be attributed to ADC and
40% to DAC.
The ADC and DAC can be used for stereo, surround sound and DVD applications and
multitrack applications with channel configurations in multiples of 8.
Typical applications include:
Front End for Tascam and ADAT MDM
Stereo 24 bit 96kHz recording and mastering (16 bit Tascam)
Multitrack 96kHz recording (24 bit Tascam and 20 bit ADAT)
Multitrack 24 or 20 bit recording (16,20,24 bit MDMs)
Remote recording and long runs of fiberoptics
Front end for Protools ®
Front end for Sonic Solutions HDSP/USP ®
Front end for Sadie ®
Front end for MOTU ®
Front end for Merging Technologies Pyramix ®
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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Front end for AudioCube ®
Front end for other DAWs
Front end for Tascam MX-2424 ®
Front end for Mackie HDR2496 ®
Front end for Sony DMX—100R ® and other digital consoles
Front end for DAW
8X96 Converters are one of the most flexible choices for a high performance hardware
front end. Mytek focuses exclusively on the performance of the converters and therefore
can offer a solution superior to any offered by a DAW manufacturer. A choice of
Daughter Interface cards allows for direct interfacing with several popular DAW’s:
Native Nuendo systems and Sonic Solutions HDSP ™. 8X96 Converters interface well
with a number of other digital IO interfaces such as RME Hammerfall, Lynx AES16,
MOTU and many cards from Digital Audio Labs, Frontier Design, Event Electronics, etc.
8X96 Converters support nearly all physical and data formats as long as the particular
software/DIO-card supports them.
8X96 provides a DAW with following features:
1. Superior multichannel 16,20, or 24 bit digital audio conversion with sampling rates
up to 100kHz. Channels I/O can be stacked in increments of 8 to an unlimited
number.
2. Digital format conversion between a large number of digital formats.
3. Direct connection to selected DIO cards without a need for native hardware.
4. Stable (jitter of <10ps) clock system.
5. External wordclock synchronization.
6. Interfacing and format conversion with all available bit splitting algorithms for high
resolution editing and mastering- MRX™, and S/MUX ™ are supported.
Mytek, in cooperation with Sonorus, Inc. has also developed its own high performance,
cost effective multichannel DAW hardware solution called DAW9624™ described in the
next chapter.
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
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DAW9624 ™ package
with Lynx AES16 or RME Hammerfall
Mytek converters, can be found in the front end of many professional DAWs such as
Sonic Solutions, Sadie and Protools 24. The superior performance of their 24 bit sound is
fully appreciated by the users. Not everyone though, could enjoy benefits of high end 24
bit sound without spending a fortune on the DAW hardware.
For the last couple of years we were experimenting with several editing packages, closely
watching spectacular progress in the development of "used to be lower end" audio
software market. Continuous increase of computer speed and the recent move to floating
32 bit sample resolution and 96 kHz sample rate, have dramatically closed the gap
between these and the $10,000+ professional editing packages. In our tests several
low cost 24 bit software packages such as Nuendo, Logic Audio, Sequoia, VegasPro,
Spark, Peak, Samplitude, Wavelab or Cubase coupled with good processing packages,
produced results rivaling to what could be achieved with the high end audio editing
software. They may lack certain "comfort and ergonomics" features but, if used properly,
don't lug behind with sound quality , the feature that is dearest to Mytek and never
compromised in our designs. The key is at least 32 bit signal processing.
There is a multitude of growing choices, and abundance of cost effective, high
performance software plug-ins, often not found in the high end, "closed platform" editing
software.
We have quickly realized, that buyers who decide to built their studio around that
software, are faced with choices of several cheap hardware solutions of mediocre sound
quality. Costing less than a $1000 they may claim 24 bit performance but deliver cheap
DAT machine quality sound and no features, an understandable result of "made in XX",
"cut costs" hardware design.
Mytek has a reputation of building first grade audiophile quality audio converters. Our
new products that include 8X96 Series 8 channel 24 bit, 96 kHz ADC and DAC, push
performance further, to 120dB dynamic range, flat to 40 kHz, truly transparent audiophile
sound.
In Spring of 1998 Mytek, Inc. has teamed its R&D efforts with Sonorus, Inc. of New
York, makers of STUDI/O (tm) PCI audio interface, and developed S/MUX ADAT
interface, bit split method of transmitting 8 channel of 24/96 over two ADAT lightpipes,
similar to “dual wire” 96k AES/EBU standard. Subsequently, a German Company RME
has announced the Hammerfall 9652 PCI card, a 16 to 24 channel ADAT card with
absolutely unrivaled speed and latency performance. Hammerfall has S/MUX
implemented in the hardware and it’s the fastest card yet under our tests. Sonorus and
RME have built reputation of technical excellence and
excellent customer support. Hammerfall 9652 and Sonorus STUDI/O interfaces is now
supported by all major operating systems (MacOS, Windows 9X, NT and 2000 and
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 53 of 54
Linux) and all general audio software packages available today. S/MUX interface drivers
required for 24 bit 96kHz work are also available for almost every software package.
To support S/MUX Mytek has developed appropriate ADAT lightpipe 24 bit, 96 kHz
interface daughter card for our 8X96 ADC and DAC. The result is DAW 9624(tm) - very
high performance 8+ channel, 24 bit, 96 kHz DAW hardware package, an open hardware
platform capable of running most of audio software available today.
RME Hammerfall is equipped with 2 24 bit ADAT lightpipes that can be configured to
carry 16 channels of 24 bit, 48 (or 44.1) kHz or 8 channels of 24 bit, 96 (or 88.2) kHz
audio. The 8X96 converters provide analog conversion, attenuation of ADAT interface
clock jitter, conversion to/from AES/EBU and optional formats such as TDIF and
wordclok in/out for external synchronization. DAW
9624(tm) modularity allows for setup consisting of any number of I/O channels supported
by particular software in increments of 8. For example, a setup of 8 inputs and 32 outputs
@ 24 bit, 48 kHz requires 2 PCI cards, 1 8X96 ADC and 4 8X96 DACs. This setup, can
also be used for 8/16 channels of 24 bit, 96 kHz with a flip of a switch. DAW 9624(tm) is
sold as a system (PCI card (1pc), 8X96 ADC (1pc) and 8X96 DAC (1pc)) or a la carte,
per piece. Current 24 bit 96 kHz capable Mac or PC software choices include Nuendo,
Logic Audio, Spark, Peak, Sonic Foundry Vegas, Sequoia and Samplitude, Cubase
VST/24, SAWPro, Wavelab, Cakewalk 8 and a wide choice of plug-ins such as Waves
NPP etc. The DAW 9624 will run all 48 kHz and 44.1kHz software as well. Compatible
software is described here. Similarly we leave the choice of PCI card to the user. The
choice between Hamerfall and Lynx AES16 should be made based on best combination
of software and appropriate drivers.
DAW9624 setup was recently used in some spectacular achievements. Read on our
website about live transmission of 12 channel of uncompressed 24/96 audio plus video
over Internet2 between Montreal and Los Angeles.
DAW 9624 (tm) is MAC, PC and Linux compatible.
Further description of the DAW 9624 ™ is available at:
http://www.mytekdigital.com
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8X96 ADC and DAC User Manual
Page 54 of 54
Warranty
This 8X96 Series digital audio converter is warranted by Mytek to the original purchaser
against defects in workmanship and materials used in manufacture for a period of one
year from the date of purchase. Faults due to customer misuse, unauthorized
modifications or accidents are not covered by this warranty.
No other warranty is expressed or implied.
Any faulty unit should be sent, shipping prepaid, to the manufacturer. The serial number
of the unit should accompany any request for service.
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