Télécharger Schulze_nextGen

Télécharger Schulze_nextGen
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Software version V 1.00 and higher
Microprocessor controlled
Quick charger, Discharger, Capacity tester
Battery conditioner
for sealed Ni-Cd-, Ni-MH-, Lead- (Lead-Acid, Lead-Gel)
and Lithium-Batteries (Li-FePO4, Li-Ion, Li-Po)
• Graphical display of charge voltage
• Data transfer interface for personal computer (PC)
• „Full“ display by buzzer
• Integrated electronic discharge load
• Internal fan, temperature controlled
Schulze Elektronik GmbH • Prenzlauer Weg 6 • 64331 Weiterstadt • Fon: +49-6150-1306-5, Fax: 1306-99
www.schulze-elektronik-gmbh.com
• Germany •
[email protected]
1
Contents
Instruction manual
nextGeneration
6.30-5, 7.36-8, 10.36-8
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
Chapter
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
Annex
Topic
Page
General information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2
General remarks and precautions
. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3
Commonly used terms
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5
Useful information about batteries and maintenance . . . .
6
Mounting instructions CE ring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
The first step . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Nickel- (Ni-Cd/Ni-MH) battery programs . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Lead- (Pb = lead-acid/lead-gel) battery programs . . . . . . 19
Lithium- (Li-Fe, Li-Ion, Li-Po) battery programs . . . . . . . 20
Charging/discharging of Ni-Cd / Ni-MH transmitter batteries. 21
Charging/discharging Ni-Cd / Ni-MH 1-3 cells . . . . . . . . 21
The "full" cut-off menu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Battery monitoring and safety facilities
. . . . . . . . . . . 23
Monitoring functions on LCD-panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Special adjustments (inclusively Motor Run-In) . . . . . . . . 28
Energy re-transfer function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Writing/reading your configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Additional sockets (on the right side) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Protection circuits, error-messages and warnings . . . . . 34
Important notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Legal matters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Menu overview
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Standard ready made configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Standard setup charge- and discharge programs . . . . . . 42
PC interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . data format 43
PC interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pin codes 44
Balancing connectors and measuring inputs . . . . . . . . 44
Additional sockets on the right side . . . . . . pin codes 46
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Installing the nextConn module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Trouble shooting / service questionaire . . . . . . . . . TS, SQ
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Fan input
(KEEP CLEAR!)
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
2
Fan output
(KEEP CLEAR!)
pos (+)
Battery 1
neg (-)
(+) pos
Battery 2
(-) neg
Batt.1 parameters
Escape (break off)
Cursor movement,
Value selection
Enter (accept) or
Information
und curve screen1
Device parameters
Batt.2 paramters
and curve screen2
about the connected
batteries, charger
characteristics and
car battery volts/amps.
Schulze balancer connectors BalCab10, BalCab20
- ++++++++ universal connector, pitch 2.54 mm
1 12345678 cell no.
Compatible for Kokam/Graupner/Robbe packs
1 General information
Congratulations! With the nextGeneration you have purchased a top of the line product made in
Germany. Reliable SMD technology, outstanding performance and flexibility and last but not least
their easy handling and the new technological features you will hava a lot of fun with it. By using the
up-to-date electronic devices (at the moment of the development) and a new discharge circuit which
re-transfers energy into the car battery from only one cell and higher, the nextGeneration has
become even more powerful and flexible than all our predecessors. We are convinced that the charger
sets new standards for battery charging technology.
The nextGeneration requires no maintenance, but needs to be protected against dust and moisture.
Openings in the housing are essential for cooling and must not be blocked!
The nextGeneration provides best operating comfort and maximum reliability. Using the patented
automaticC charging option for Ni-Cd and Ni-MH batteries, you will notice that the microprocessor
inside will charge you batteries as fast as possible, yet as carefully as necessary (don't be worried
about the relatively high start current of the Ni-MH current calculation automatic).
Additionally you can discharge your batteries, measure their capacity and condition them. Same options
are available for sintered Ni-Cd, Ni-MH batteries.
Both outputs may be in use at the same time and independent from each other.
The graphical LCD (Liquid-Crystal-Display) panel is new for this type of chargers and provides a visual
representation of the charge voltage curve relative to time, in addition to the display of charge data
in alpha-numeric form.
The unit also enables you to transfer the charge data on-line to a home computer, where it can be
displayed and analysed using the “Akkusoft” software, written by Martin Adler.
In order to make full use of your new charger we strongly recommend you to read the Instruction
Manual page by page and take note of the hints. Although the supplied text is rather long, there is
valuable information in each sentence.
The nextGeneration series of chargers is equipped with a completely silent backlit LED screen.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
3
2 General remarks and precautions
The CE marking which you will find on all schulze products indicated that the equipment has been
tested to meet the stringent European safety and radiation requirements; this does not mean that
you do not have to follow these instructions!
Please remember that fast-charging batteries can push the batteries to their limit; never operate the
chargers unattended. The charger as well as the batteries may get warm; when in use, they
should be placed on an appropriately sized, non-heat-conducting and non-combustible surface.
By following these rules extensive damage will be avoided in case of a mishap. This applies in
the same way also for the attached batteries.
Many modern transmitters are equipped with an internal reverse-voltage protection diode. No “smart”
charger can fast-charge these transmitters unless this diode is bypassed (shunted) (see chapter 11 for
additional information when charging transmitters). Preferably, you can remove the transmitter’s battery
and fast-charge it outside the transmitter. If you want to bypass the diode, contact the transmitter
manufacturer. In no case should the fast-charge current for a transmitter pack exceed 1.2 Amp.
In order to keep possible damages small in the case of an error, we recommend strongly to remove
the batteries from the transmitter!
Do not modify the charger’s car battery power cables or the enclosed connecting clamps; they are
very low loss to support the charger’s high-end charge capabilities. Do NOT insert fuses and NOT
plug the charger into the car´s cigarette lighter!
Do not cross-connect individual output charge cables. Do not short circuit output 1 to output 2. Each
charger outlet has its own sensing circuitry - but no cross-sensing. Prevent electrical contact
between any charger outlet and your car’s body. All this may damage your charger and/or your
batteries! It is safest to place the charger on the ground. Place the charger on a safe support, do
not “hang” it somewhere under the hood. The best approach is to use a separate, fully charged,
dedicated 12-V battery and take it to the flight line.
The internal software is always checking for operational errors. Do not operate the charger in the case
that any of the cables are damaged or frayed, or in case the display panel indicates an ERROR.
The nextGeneration charging devices operates on a wide range of input votage but may also be
connected directly to a 12 V car battery! DO NOT RUN YOUR ENGINE OR ATTEMPT TO
CHARGE YOUR CAR BATTERY WITH EXTERNAL EQUIPMENT WHILE OPERATING THE
CHARGER, OR AS LONG AS THE CHARGER IS HOOKED UP TO YOUR CAR’S BATTERY.
Should you decide to operate the charger from a (110V/240V AC to 12V or 13.8V DC) power supply
(“battery eliminator”), then make sure this power supply is well regulated, can supply continuous
DC current as high as 16 or 25 Amps (depends on the type), has a very high output capacitance
(>5000µF/16V), very low ripple and is insensitive to the frequency of the charger´s internal
switching voltage converter. Using any other source is likely to damage your charger or your
batteries, and voids the warranty. ALWAYS use a schulze nt-16A or nt-25A (depends on the
type) power supply, NEVER use an automotive battery charger as the source for the precisionengineered schulze charger.
Because of the high charge current capabilities of these chargers, you should always use highquality, gold-plated connectors in the charge cables to your batteries. Also, use heavy-duty (12-g)
flex wire. We recommend you use either schulze short circuit protected charging cables and/or
(in the USA) 4 mm bullet connectors, the Deans Ultra plug or similar. See you local hobby dealer.
Always connect the banana plugs of your charge cables first; then, connect the charge cable to the
battery. Note that “open” banana plugs, when the charge cable and battery are connected, carry
the full battery voltage (and current).
Note that all chargers have ventilation holes. Especially in discharge mode or when charging batteries
less than 12V, the charger will dissipate energy, and thus get warm (the nextGeneration even has
an internal cooling fan). Do not block these ventilation holes and make sure you allow free air flow.
Protect the charger from direct exposure to the sun (the sun´s heat may temporarily turn the LCdisplay black), dust, moisture and rain(!).
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
4
Even though the schulze chargers are smart (they are micro-processor equipped and can determine a
battery’s number of cells and its optimum charge current pattern), attempting to charge the following
packs should not be attempted:
• batteries built up from cells of different types and capacities
• batteries made from different types of single cells
• batteries with a different charging level of the cells
• non rechargeable cells (dry cells)
• batteries which are not expressly designed for fast charging and recharging.
• defective or damaged packs or cells
• already fully charged and/or hot batteries
• battery packs with internal charge-current limiting devices (not valid for Schulze LiPoTx und LiPoRx)
• batteries which are buildt-in (internal) to other equipment
Do not exceed a battery’s design (maximum) charge current as specified by its manufacturer; note that the
schulze chargers will still optimally charge these packs in automatic charging mode; you can program
the charger’s max (limit) charge current.
• Please bear in mind that new rechargeable batteries do not achieve their full capacity until they have
completed several charge / discharge cycles. New batteries generally, and deep-discharged Nickel
batteries in particular, may cause premature charge termination. For this reason it is absolutely essential
to check that the automatic charge cut-off circuit works correctly and reliably; this is achieved by carrying
out several test-charges, and checking the quantity of capacity charged into the pack.
When charging battery packs with less than 4 nickel cells, exercise extra care to make sure that these are
not over-charged (especially when you use less than the specified current for this battery type - see
chapter 4). Packs which are (too) deeply discharged may cause the charger to cut off too soon.
New batteries will only achieve their maximum capacity after several charge/discharge cycles; schulze
chargers can be programmed to provide these cycles automatically.
Please remember that battery packs can heat up considerably especially during multiple charge/discharge
cycles; program your charger’s max discharge current to prevent overheating of the packs unless you
provide additional cooling (some of the racing pilots now use a tube with electric fan cooling!). Note that
e.g. discharging a 27-cell 1000mAh battery at 5A (=5C rate) will dangerously overheat this battery; the
schulze charger can (and) should in this case be programmed to the limit discharge rate to a more
acceptable level, for instance 1A (=1C) and/or a battery cooler in combination with the temperature
sensor for cut-off must be used. You can also use our build in low-temperature-start circuit. (Do not forget
to activate temperature sensor to the right pack output and fix it at the right battery.)
• Safety hint: Always verify the charge amount which your battery has absorbed (mAh or Ah) after a full
charge (this is indicated on the display panel); this is probably the best gauge of a battery’s health and/or
the proper operation of the charger. This way, you will avoid unexpected loss of power and/or control.
An additional important function is the selection of the automatic cut-off circuit. Read the important comments in Chapter 12). Maximum protection against malfunctions of the cut-off automatic is provided by
selecting additional cut-off criterias like max. temperature, max. energy input and max. charge time.
For trouble-free operation, please check …
… that the ferrite ring in the charge lead does not fracture. The ring prevents the charge lead acting as an
aerial, i.e. radiating the pulsed frequency of the voltage converter and the processor in an unacceptable
way. It is absolutely essential if the charger is to operate in the manner required for CE approval.
… that the charge leads used for the Battery 1 and 2 outputs are as short as possible. The maximum total
cable length - from the sockets to the battery - should be no greater than 20 cm. Twist the wires together
to help suppress interference.
… that the charge lead for charge output 1 is wound through one of the ferrite CE rings at least four times.
These rings are probably familiar to you from long servo extension leads, albeit in a different size.
The ring must be located no more than 5 cm from the banana plugs attached to the charger end of the
charge lead.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
5
Re chapter 5: Mounting instructions for the CE-ring
Accessories, necessary for charge output 1:
CE-kab-i8
not enclosed
CE-ring
1 x enclosed
for example it is mounted on the charge cable
3 Commonly used Terms
Final charge voltage: the voltage at which the battery's charge limit (capacity limit) is reached. The
charge process switches from a high current to a low maintenance rate (trickle charge) at this
point. From this point on further high current charging would cause overheating and eventual
terminal damage to the pack.
Final discharge voltage: the voltage at which the battery's discharge limit is reached. The
chemical composition of the batteries determines the level of this voltage. Below this voltage the
battery enters the deep discharge zone. Individual cells within the pack may become reversepolarised in this condition, and this can cause permanent damage.
Memory effect: The real memory effect has been recorded by Nasa, caused by repeated charge /
discharge cycles. Nasa has found that full capacity can be regained by overcharging the cells. In
modelling applications different effects are responsible for the reduction in cell capacity. The
problem can be cured by balancing the cells (see below), and prevented by the measures
described in Chapter 4.1.3.
Battery conditioning: a method of regaining full (nominal) capacity by alternately charging and
discharging the pack, sometimes several times. This process is especially useful after a long
period of non-usage (e.g. after purchase, or after several weeks without flying), and is also used
to disperse the memory effect (see below). The effect of battery conditioning is to break down the
coarse crystaline structure (low capacity) inside the cell and convert it into a fine crystaline one
(high capacity).
Power-On (- reset): the status of the nextGeneration after it has been connected to the car
battery.
Ready message: charger ready to run the program you have just selected (batteries not connected). The display shows "ready".
C: Coulomb or capacity: Unit of measurement relating to the quantity of charged energy. In
conjunction with charge current data this unit is used to determine the recommended / prescribed
charge current of a battery of a given capacity. Example: if the charge or discharge current of a
500 mAh battery is 50 mA, we refer to this as a charge or discharge at one tenth C (C/10 or 1/10
C).
A, mA: unit of measurement relating to charge or dis-charge current. 1000 mA = 1 A (A=Ampere,
mA=Milliampere)
Ah, mAh: unit of measurement for the capacity of a battery (Amperes x time unit; h = hour). If a
pack is charged for one hour at a current of 2 A, it has been fed 2 Ah of energy. It receives the
same quantity of charge (2 Ah) if it is charged for 4 hours at 0.5 A, or 15 minutes (=1/4 h) at 8 A.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
6
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
7
4 Useful information about batteries and maintenance
4.2 Nickel-Cadmium-batteries (Ni-Cd)
4.1.1 General information
Nominal voltage level: 1.2 V / cells.
Selecting the fast charge current (manual setting):
Charge current = 2 C (never less!) (C=nominal battery capacity). Otherwise the cells do not make a
detectable peak and the peak cut off automatic is not able to work resp. to work reliable.
Maximum continous discharge current:
Currents of 10 C to 30 C are possible, depending on cell type.
Long time storage:
Empty i.e. discharged to the discharge voltage cut off level, at low temperature (-20°C to +10°C).
Maintenance: Charging: The automatic current setting circuitry (patent applied for) provides optimum
protection to your Ni-Cd batteries during charging. The reduced current towards the end of the charge
ensures a completely full pack combined with only a slight temperature rise, as you will easily see in
comparison with conventional constant current techniques.
Do not use the automatic charge current calculation of the Ni-Cd batteries when charging Ni-MH batteries!
Discharging: To prevent your cells from memory effect and to keep the full capacity you have to discharge it
after use, even when you store it over night (select Auto-D program to discharge down to 0.85V / cell).
If a battery is brand-new or used irregularly it is often only possible to condition it completely by carrying
out several discharge - charge cycles. Amongst model car operators it is standard practice to erase
any memory effect by completely discharging each cell individually via a resistor (approx. 68 Ohm).
This deliberately ”un-forms” the pack, but it can cause the automatic charge termination circuitry to
switch off the current prematurely during the charge process. Remedy: Discharge with a 10 Ohm
resistor in series to a 1 A diode (1N4001).
For receiver batteries special types such as the Sanyo KR500AAEC / N500AC (high reliable) are a good choice.
Warning: If using reduced charge current with 1-6 cells makes the voltage peak in the charge curve very
slight, especially with batteries of high nominal capacity. In this situation the charger is sometimes
unable to detect the ”full” condition due to the ill-defined peak.
Do not charge below 0°C, optimum is 10...30°C.
A cold cell is not capable of accepting as much current as a warm one. For this reason you must
expect differences in charge characteristics if you use fully automatic charge current calculation for
your nickel cells (in Winter the charging properties will be worse than in Summer). The best
working temperature for a Ni-MH cell is 40 ... 60°C. At lower temperatures the cell can not supply
higher currents. Caution when using those cells at a receiver battery in a helicopter in the wintertime.
The lower the internal resistance of the battery, the higher the charger can increase the charge
current for that battery. For a battery charger which sets the current automatically the
resistance of the cable is added to the internal resistance. For this reason: use heavy duty
wire (large cross-section), even for receiver batteries, and keep them short. Do not charge
via a switch or switch harness!
If you wish to measure battery capacity accurately a suitable discharge current is usually 1/10 C.
4.1.2 Reflex charging
Charging processes which include a brief discharge pulse definitely have the effect that the battery
is several degrees cooler at the end of the process. However, from the point of view of the
competition operator this is an undesirable effect, as the cell chemistry can only supply high
currents if its temperature is raised to a certain extent.
All these effects, whether they actually occur or are simply hear-say, have no practical
significance if batteries are correctly handled in the first place. When a battery is full, you
can’t fill it any fuller! Read also chapter 4.1.3 for this subject area.
4.1.3 Memory effect of Ni-Cd & Ni-MH cells
4.3 Nickel-Metal-Hydride batteries (NiMH)
If cells are repeatedly stored partially discharged, or are recharged from a half-discharged state,
what is known as the memory effect sets in. The cells note that their full capacity is not required,
and react by refusing to make it available.
One aspect of this is that the crystalline chemical structure inside the cell changes; the cell‘s
resistance rises and its voltage collapses under load, with the result that “full capacity” can no
longer be exploited at normal discharge currents.
Even if reflex charging were to eliminate the memory effect, there is no denying the necessity to
store your cells in the discharged state; this applies to Ni-Cd cells and also to Ni-MH cells.
A characteristic fact of these cells is that they self-discharge - and the rate of self-discharge is
different for each individual cell in a battery pack! If a fully charged pack is left for a considerable
time, it will eventually consist of cells of widely varying states of charge.
If at this point you ...
a) ... give the pack a full charge: the cell with the highest charge will be overcharged, heat up and
be ruined, while the cell with the least charge will still not be full after the same period of charging.
b) ... discharge the pack: the cell with the least charge will be completely flat first, then reverse
polarity and often suffer an internal short-circuit. At the point when this happens, the cell with the
most charge is still not yet completely discharged.
This is a reliable method of wrecking your most valuable packs - and rest assured that reflex
charging will make absolutely no difference. However, there is one method of avoiding the
problem: discharge cells after use, and recharge them just before use!
Voltage level: 1.2 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current manually (not automatically):
Charge current typical 1 C (never less!) (set a fixed current of, for example, 1.2 A with 1100 mAh
batteries, or 3 A with 3 Ah cells). Otherwise the cells do not make a detectable peak and the peak cut
off automatic can not work reliable. Some modern high-current Ni-MH cells made by particular
manufacturers can safely be charged at a higher rate of up to 1.6 C (Panasonic 3000: 3,5 - 4A, GP
3000/3300: 3 A, Saft 3000: 3 A (not if battery is charged inside a transmitter!), Sanyo 3000/3300: 4 - 5A).
Because of its high internal resistance do not charge high capacity cells of mignon(AA)-size from 1500
mAh upward with automatic current calculation (AutoC, -CD, -DC).
Maximum continous discharge current:
Currents of 5 C to 15 C are possible, depending on cell type.
Long time storage:
Store old generation cells empty, (those types which had been available in the SUB-C size up to
3.3 Ah) i.e. discharged to the cut off level (see maintenance), at low temperature (-20°C to +10°C).
The new generation cells should NOT be stored empty - The self discharge rate is too high!
Discharge down to the cut off level (see maintenance) and then charge in about 30% of their
capacity (use the quantity cut off feature). Store all cells at low temperature (-20°C to +10°C).
Maintenance: To protect your Ni-MH batteries from the memory effect and keep the full capacity, discharge the
cells after use down to the discharge voltage limit even when you store it over night and add 30% (new cell
types). Never discharge by car bulbs or the drive motor (premature charge termination!), but use only the
Auto-D programm when the battery type Ni-MH is selected. The cut off voltage is 1 volt / cell. This eliminates
the danger of deep discharge termination and polarity reversal (over-discharge).
It is important that you take the trouble to give Ni-MH cells when storing at +10...30°C a charge /
discharge cycle around every four weeks, otherwise they become tired, and have to be pampered.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
8
to restore them to full vigour. This involves going through the tiresome business of many repeated
charge / discharge cycles.
The automatic current setting circuitry (patented) provides optimum protection to your Ni-MH batteries
during charging. Please use the Ni-MH automatic current calculation always with a correctly
adjusted charge quantity monitoring circuit (see chapter 14.2.6). Do not use the Ni-Cd automatic
current selection for Ni-MH batteries!
Warning: Never charge fully charged Ni-MH batteries with the Auto C (or ..CD programs): Overheating and danger of explosion! The cut off automatic is disabled for about the first 7 minutes
of charging - this could lead to a minimum charge time of about 10 minutes!
Warning: At lower cell counts (1-6) and low charge currents (below 1 C) the battery makes only a very
low voltage peak when fully charged. Under those conditions the cut off automatic works less reliable
then with higher currents and/or higher number of cells.
Hint: The optimum operating temperature of Ni-MH batteries is 40-60°C!
Typical for Sanyo Twicell industry types with flat top and RC3600HV cells:
High maximum load capacity and voltage level.
Typical for Panasonic P3000NIMH cells:
High maximum charge capacity and voltage level, load current up to 40 amps.
Typical for GP 3300 cells:
Extremely high charge capacity, good voltage level.
Can be discharged with medium currents (about 40...45 amps; from year 2003 up to 60 amps).
Typical for GP 3700 / GP4300 / IB4200 cells:
Very high voltage level. Very high self discharge current. Up to 60 amps load current.
4.4 Lead-acid batteries (Pb) ...
... and VRLA (valve regulated lead-acid batteries = lead-gel batteries)
Nominal voltage level:
2.0 V / cell.
Charge voltage level:
2.3 V / cell; 2.42 V / cell for 3 hours max.
Min. discharge voltage: 1.7 V / cell (this reduces lifetime).
Number of cells to be selected on the nextGeneration:
Nominal voltage of the battery to be charged divided by the nominal voltage level of lead-acid
battery cells = cell count. Example: 12 V-Lead acid battery divided by 2,0 V => 6 cells.
Selecting the fast charge current:
Charge current = 0.15 C (C = nominal battery capacity) if no data sheets are available.
Charge current up to 0.4 C for special types.
Maximum continous discharge current:
Typically 0.2 C, short time load up to 1 C.
Long time storage:
Full at low temperature, more precise:
At +10°C up to 12 month, at +10...20° max. 9 month, at +20...30°C max 6 month, at +30...40°C 3 month.
Charge again after this period.
Maintenance: In contrast to Ni-Cd/Ni-MH batteries, lead-acid batteries must be fully recharged
after use in order to maintain full capacity.
The nominal capacity can be reduced very quickly by incorrect handling (overloading, repeated
100% discharges, and especially by deep-discharges). Please observe the battery manufacturer’s recommendations.
Typical: The characteristics of lead-acid batteries are quite different to those of the Ni-Cd sealed
cell packs which are used as the power source in model aircraft, cars and hydro-boats. They can
only tolerate relatively low currents relative to their capacity if their full capacity is to be exploited,
and/or the voltage is not to collapse too far.
Used as single-cell glowplug energiser batteries and power source in some scale boats.
Low self-discharge rate.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
9
4.5 Lithium-Iron-Phosphate batteries (Li-FePO4)
Nominal voltage:
3,2 V / cell.
Max. charge voltage:
3,65 V / cell.
Min. discharge voltage:
2,0 V / cell.
Selecting the fast charge current:
Up to 2 C.
Maximum contin. discharge current:
Up to 15 C.
Long time storage: The manufacturer recommends that 30% to 50% state of charge at 23 °C is
best for a maximum time of 6 month. It offers a compromise between impedance creep and
storage safety.
Then discharge and charge to 50% capacity (use "quantity cutoff").
Typical: These cells are even recommended as receiver batteries (2 cells have about the same voltage
as 5 fully charged Nickel-cells), but also recommended for feeding a motor.
Hint: The most common form of this battery type is the „Saphion“ or the "A123" cell.
4.6 Lithium-Ion batteries (Li-Io & Li-Po):
Nominal voltage LiIo:3,6 V / cell (SAFT)
Nominal voltage LiIo/LiPo:
3,7 V / cell (SANYO, KOKAM)
Max. charge voltage
LiIo:
4,1 V +-40mV / cell (SAFT)
(absolute limit 4.3 V / cell)
LiPo:
4,2 V +-50mV / cell (MoliCel)
Min. discharge voltage
LiIo:
2,5 V / cell (MoliCel), 2,7 V / cell (SANYO)
(absolute limit 2.3 V / cell)
LiPo:
3,0 V / cell (KOKAM)
Number of cells to be selected on the charger:
Nominal voltage of LiPo-pack div.by nominal cell-voltage = cell count.
--> 11,1 V LiPo-pack divided by 3.7 V => select 3 cells!
If you would select more cells, the pack would explode during charging!
Example: The Thunderpower TP8200 3s4p pack consists of 12 cells.
4 of 2050mAh are connected parallel (4p) -> 4 * 2,05 Ah = 8200mAh.
3 of the paralleled cells are connected in series (3s)-> 3*3,7V= 11,1 V.
Selecting the fitting cell type:
Select that battery type from the nextGeneration menu which characteristics match best with the
data sheet of the battery manufacturer.
Selecting the fast charge current:
Charge current = 1 C (SANYO / KOKAM) or less (0,7 C PANASONIC) (C = nominal battery
capacity).
Maximum continous discharge current:
1 ... 20 C (very new types), depending on cell type.
Long time storage:
Empty, i.e. discharged to the discharge voltage cut off level (see maintenance), at low temperature (-20°C bis +10°C).
Maintenance: Discharge with up to 1 C down to above listed discharge voltages. Always store
these cells in the discharged state, if stored fully charged, the result can be a permanent
reduction in capacity.
When stored at +40°C or more charge additional every two months.
Typical: Very good weight : energy ratio. High load cells have also a good weight : power resp.
performance ratio.
Hint: Many manufacturers direct how many cells are allowed to use in series and/or parallel use.
The exact technical term of a Li-Po cell is Lithium-Ion-Polymer battery. These are hybrid cells and
contain gelled electrolyte to enhance ion conductivity. The "true" (dry) Lithium-Polymer cells
suffers from poor conductivity and work only with higher temperatures of more than 60°C.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
10
5 Mounting instructions CE ring
Use 2.5 mm2 cables, 1 cable red, 1 cable black.
Solder 1 male socket at every end of cable.
Slide ring from free end of cables to 4 cm ( 2") to the male sockets and fix it with your
fingers. Make additional 3 windings through the center of the ring.
Cut cables to 15 cm, if cables at the pack have 5 cm (Max. total length 20 cm).
The cables now looks like those of the picture on page 4.
Bind cables with short pieces of heat shrink tubes.
Solder your connectors on to the free ends of the cables now.
You can also use our pre-fabricated charge cables CE-kab-i8.
--> See mounting photo on page 6
6 Functions
Please read section 7 "The first step" first that you know how to select all the charge and
discharge programs listed below.
Charge- and discharge programs of battery output 1 are split into groups, which can be
selected using the +/- buttons in the belonging prog. menu.
The charger will perform the option you select by pressing the enter button.
All programs use those currents as their maximum, which were separately selected
under cCurr and dCurr in the parameter screens of both outputs.
2
2
1
1
1
1
fixed current combination programs*
automatic current calulation combin.programs*
fixed current charge programm
fixed current discharge programm*
automatic current calulation charge program
automatic current calulation discharge program*
[*] only at battery 1 output
Currents (tabular) [Amps]
fix_CD, fix_DC,
auto_CD, auto_DC,
fix_C,
fix_D,
autoC,
autoD.
(up to 5 cycles)
(up to 5 cycles)
0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3, 0.5, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5,
3.0<b>, 3.5, 4.0, 4.5, 5.0<b>, 5.5, 6.0 <c>, 6.5, 7 <d>, 8, 10 <e>
<b> 3.0 amps is max for battery 2 (next 10.36-8: 5.0 A)
<c,d,e> different maximum current on output 1 (depends on the type of charger).
The actual charge current may also vary with battery type, number of cells, battery
condition etc.
Especially for the users of brushed motors the nextGeneration offers a special runin program, which can be selected in the battery type menu. („bType:RunIn“).
Many parameters for an optimum run-in procedure can be selected in this menu: The
maximum motor current, the maximum run-in voltage, the maximum run-in time, the
maximum motor temperature and the maximum „charge“-quantity which is available
when a battery of a determined capacity would be used for the run-in procedure.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
11
7.1 The first step - the screens
7.1 Take the nextGeneration out of the packaging.
See Chapter 2: General Remarks and Precautions. Lack of air circulation may cause overheating.
7.1.1 Connect the nextGeneration to the 12 volt power source car battery.
Note: No battery packs must be connected to the charger during this procedure. Try to achieve a
good contact to the car battery terminals first time, otherwise you may not get the power-On
screen on the display. In this case disconnect the charger immediately from the car battery and
retry after about 5 seconds.
Power-On screen Fig. 7.1.2
7.1.2 Initially the liquid crystal screen very briefly shows
nextGeneration
6.30-5
the software version of the display processor; the
screen backlighting is then switched on and displays
V 1.00 english
the PowerOn menu screen along with the type
Owner
designation “nextGeneration x.yy-z” (exact type
Schulze Elektronik GmbH
designation), the ms logo, the software version and
the owner’s name. At this point you can also switch to
Menüsprache
ändern
in
the second menu language, if you wish; simply follow
Sprache = deutsch <esc>
the on-screen instructions (see chapter / figure 23.2).
If YOUR language is not available on the charger please check if it is available on our homepage or our
USB-stick (in preparation) and install it on your charger. Follow the help text of the installation program.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
7.2 The nextGeneration features nine operating buttons, arranged in three groups. The three
buttons <1>, <par> and <2>, which constitute the Parameter button group, are used to move to
the battery and device parameter screens.
battery 1 curve screen Fig. 7.2.1
7.2.1 Selecting <1> or <2> initially brings up the graphic
screens which display the charge / discharge voltage
curves and the most important set parameters; these
are shown in the first two lines of the screen (picture
right).
7.2.1.1 If the curve screen for Battery 1 is on the screen,
you can switch directly to the curve screen for Battery
2 (and vice versa) by pressing <2>.
5LiPo
00:00
fix_C (3.20A)
8V
ready
1
2V
1234
0.00V b 1
0mAh a 2
t 3
t 4
1 5
6
2 7
t
8
5
7.2.1.2 If one of the two curve screens is displayed
(Battery 1 or Battery 2) you can press <info> (= <enter>) to access status displays for these
batteries which are not included in the curve screen (Chapter 1.4). Pressing the <info> button
again calls up information about the state of the power supply (e.g. the car battery) (Chapter 1.5).
7.3.1 For example, if the curve screen for Battery 1 is
battery 1 parameter screen Fig. 7.3.1
displayed (Fig. 2.1), then another press on <1>
Parameter Set battery 1
switches to the parameter settings for Battery 1 (and
bType
bType® LiPo cells
cells® +b 5
vice versa). The information for all parameters is
fix_L cRate
1.0
prog.
prog.®fix_L
cRate®
shown on a single screen, and is therefore slightly
cCurr
3.50A quan>
cCurr®3.50A
quan>® 3500
compressed, but this is in response to requests from
dCurr
5.00A time>
dCurr®5.00A
time>® 1h30
many users that all the parameters should be visible
cutOf
v-max temp>
OFF
cutOf®v-max
temp>®
without having to switch between screen displays.
delay
OFF
delay® 2min diode
diode®
When a combi-program is in use, the circle shows the
refr.
OFF
®
refr.®
number of cycles.
Remark: You also can select an option in the device parameter set 1 with "wide" screens (chapter 23.14).
Setting the „cRate“: By the definition of the Schulze-balancing cables the charge current
depends on the current resistor soldered in. If you wish to use a higher (or lower) charge current
than that defined by the configuration of the lead, you can “turn this parameter up or down”.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
12
7.3.2 For example, if the parameter screen for Battery 1 is displayed, pressing <2> switches directly
to the parameter screen for Battery 2.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Fig. 7.3.2 Parameter-screen Battery 2
Parameter Set battery 2
bType
0
bType® NiMH cells
cells®
prog.
autoC cRate
prog.®autoC
cRate®
cCurr
3.00A quan>
cCurr®3.00A
quan>® 4000
time>
®
time>® 1h30
OFF
cutOf
sens. temp>
temp>®
cutOf®sens.
delay
NO
delay® 7min diode
diode®
®
®
7.3.2.1 The parameter set for Battery 2 is not identical to
the parameter set for Battery 1; for example, it is not
possible to set a discharge current, as the hardware for
a discharge stage is not present for that output.
The maximum charge current for Battery 2 is also much
lower than that for Battery 1.
In Figs. 7.3.1 and 7.3.2 you will see a rectangular box
(known as the cursor box) around the battery type
“LiPo” and “NiMH”. This indicates that pressing <enter>
at this point would take you to the set-up menu for that
battery type.
7.3.3 The second button group (of four buttons, i.e. the <+> and <-> buttons and also the <l> and
“r” buttons) is used to move the cursor box to any of the parameters which can be changed (!).
If parameter values are not present (e.g. discharge current for Battery 2), or if a particular parameter
cannot be changed during the charge phase (e.g. the charge current when the battery is almost
full - in order to avoid upsetting the peak cut-off circuit - or the number of cells when using a
Lithium program), then the cursor box cannot be moved to these positions. Such positions are
marked with a minus sign, or are shown temporarily crossed out.
7.4 Move the cursor box back to the position shown in Fig. 7.3.2 next to “Bat type”, and press
<enter> .
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Fig. 7.4.1 Battery type selection battery 2
Param.Selection batt 2
select battery type
+--------+
| Lead
| + change
--> Ni-MH
<-- value
| Ni-Cd
| - change
+--------+
to abort press
<esc>
7.4.1 This action opens the menu screen shown in Fig.
7.4.1, whose first line (title) reflects the menu by
displaying “Parameter selection - battery 1”.
Line 2 shows in a plainer, less “cryptic” form which
parameter value you can change, as in the previous
parameter set menu (Fig. 3.1 or 3.2); in this case:
“battery type selection”.
7.4.2 You can move the various battery types up and
down in a small window using the <+> and <-> buttons.
Line 5 of the small window shows the value to be
selected, and in each case the adjacent table value: line 6 (below it) shows the preceding value,
line 4 (above it) the subsequent value. The end (and the start) of the table is marked by horizontal
lines (minus signs).
7.4.3 Once you have set the appropriate battery type, press the <enter> button to conclude the
Selection menu.
7.4.4 If you moved to the battery type selection menu by mistake, you can leave it without changing
anything by pressing <escape> (interrupt, button group 3), even if you have changed the battery
type in the meantime using the <+> and <-> buttons.
7.4.5 Notes: choosing a new battery type automatically activates the parameters which were set
last time you used the same battery type.
For this reason, if you wish to switch battery type you should always start by selecting the battery
type itself, rather than perhaps by changing the charge current or the charge program, as
changing the battery type would in any case overwrite your earlier changes.
When leafing through the battery type selection menu you will notice that additional menu points in
the form of “write” and “read” are present in addition to the battery types. These entries refer to
configurations which you can store and subsequently call up (see Chapter 24).
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
13
All the other parameter menus (e.g. charge current, charge quantity limit) are navigated and used in
the same manner.
7.5 The parameter button group 1 includes a button marked <par>.
7.5.1 Pressing the <par> button once calls up the
parameter screen 7.5.1, which contains the device
settings described below.
Device parameters 1 Fig. 7.5.1
Parameter Set 1 nextGen
OFF curr>
* 16A
®
curr>®*
For example, this menu segment includes settings which fan
light
blink powr>
light®blink
powr>® 150W
define how you wish the charger to behave when a
buzzr
ON batt<
11*2V
buzzr®
batt<®11*2V
battery is fully charged.
illum
ON temp>
*60°C
illum®
temp>®*60°C
At this point you can also restrict the charger’s power
dQuan
OFF
®
dQuan®
consumption, so as to avoid overloading mains PSUs
name ®>new<
>new< passw
>new<
passw®>new<
of limited capacity when charging a battery.
Schulze Elektronik GmbH
Not least of these menu functions is the ability to
enter your name.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
The meaning of all the parameters is described in Chapter 23.
7.5.2 Pressing the <par> button a second time calls up
the parameter screen 7.5.2, which primarily contains
set-up parameters for Lithium batteries (upper and
lower voltage limit values). The charger’s funnelshaped balancing function is already familiar from the
other Schulze balancers.
Note: the asterisks “*” which precede the set-up values in
the right-hand columns of Figs. 7.5.1 and 7.6.1 mean
that the user has set the recommended parameters
(suggested values) for the menu point in question.
Device parameters 2 Fig. 7.5.2
Parameter Set 2 nextGen
value
tabul menu
small
value®tabul
menu®small
start
autom setTo
deflt
start®autom
setTo®deflt
balan
autom carBat
reset
balan®autom
carBat®reset
uLiPo
*3000 ULiPo
*4200
uLiPo®*3000
ULiPo®*4200
uLiIo
*2700 ULiIo
*4100
uLiIo®*2700
ULiIo®*4100
uLiFe
*2000 ULiFe
*3650
uLiFe®*2000
ULiFe®*3650
®
®
7.5.3 If you press the <par> button repeatedly, then you always alternate between the two device
parameter screens, i.e. Figs. 7.5.1 and 7.5.2.
You can move to the Power-On screen (Fig. 1.2) by pressing the <esc> button, to the battery curve
screen (Fig. 7.2.1) by pressing <1>, and to the Battery 2 curve screen by pressing <2>.
7.6 When the screen is displaying a curve rather than one of the parameter displays, then the
<enter> button actually has no function. For this reason we have used the <enter> button in this
case for displaying screens with additional information content <info> relating to the current
charge / discharge process for Battery 1 and Battery 2, or the state of the device.
7.6.1 Pressing <info> when one of the two curve screens (Battery 1 or Battery 2) is on the screen
causes line 1 to show the charge status for both batteries, the current program for both batteries,
the number of cycles for Battery 1 (up to the maximum number of five cycles), the actual charge
quantity for Battery 2 (at top right of the screen) and the internal resistance of the two batteries
(bottom right of the screen - see also Fig. 7.6.1 on the next page).
Note: the centre column displays the charge quantities with the appropriate prefixes from line 2
(before and after the program).
7.6.2 Pressing <info> two times when one of the two curve screens (Battery 1 or Battery 2) is
displayed calls up information about the device and the current “power supply situation” (see also
Fig. 7.6.2 on the next page).
7.6.3 Pressing <info> repeatedly toggles between the screens 7.6.1 and 7.6.2 and the curve screen
previously displayed.
Pressing the <esc> button takes you to the last curve screen displayed, while the <1> or <2>
buttons take you directly to the corresponding curve screens.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Fig. 7.6.1 State info 1 (battery 1 & 2)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
state:
b1 charg .ready
progr
fix_C
+auto2CDcycl1
2400
2348
0
cycl2
123
0 RiB1=
317m™
RiB2=
0m™
capac.[mAh] batt1 batt2
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
14
State info 2 (device) Fig. 7.6.2
State info
nextGen
DeviceType: next 6.30-5
Software Vers:
1.00
Device Number:
333
Input Voltage:
13.20V
Inp.Curr.Draw:
5.30A
TakenCapacity:
1.61Ah
Schulze Elektronik GmbH
7.7 The first step - the most important settings
In Chapter 7.1 you have become familiar with the menu screens and how they are navigated and
used; for example, which parameters have to be set in order to charge a Nickel battery properly.
If you find you have made so many changes that you no longer understand what is going on, then
you may need to carry out a general reset to restore the default settings (Fig. 5.2 “setTo:deflt”).
Press the <1> button repeatedly until the curve screen is displayed. The screen shows an empty coordinate system with “minutes” running from left to right, and the voltage axis running upward.
The screen name “Battery 1” is shown in inverse video (black background) at the right-hand
margin of the screen, with a vertical column of characters.
Before you carry out an initial test by charging the first battery, please examine the upper lines of
the screen to check that the status displays match the battery to be charged. Of course, when
you operate the unit for the first time many fields will not contain any values, but once you
disconnect the battery the old values will be retained for checking purposes until you connect a
new pack. In most cases the right choice for Nickel
Fig. 7.1 curve screen battery 1
Cell count Batt.type Time (mm:ss) Pack voltage batteries is the fully automatic charge program “autoC”.
During the charge process the fully automatic programs
measure the battery repeatedly to determine its ability to
accept current, and they then set the required charge
current automatically. In practice this means that you do not
need to have exact knowledge of the type of Ni-Cd/Ni-MH
Cycles Program Current Charge quantity
sintered cell in use, provided that its capacity lies within the
Balancing state info
permissible range of 100 mAh to several Ah. The only
important point is that Ni-Cd cells must ensured a charge
current of 2 C and at Ni-MH's a current of 1 C.
If you charge a Nickel battery and the automatically set charge current remains below 1C (1C =
nominal battery capacity), this generally means that the cells are not - or are no longer - capable
of being fast-charged (e.g. high-capacity Ni-MH batteries of AA or AAA cell size). If the pack has
a low cell-count, these low charge currents will present problems when the automatic cut-off
circuit attempts to detect the “battery full” state, as the voltage peak which develops is not
sufficiently pronounced. In this case the only recourse is to charge the pack with a manually set
current, or - even better - change to a more suitable battery type; assuming, that is, that there is
no problem with the charge lead.
The fully automatic programs can only work correctly if the conductors of the charge lead are of
adequate cross-section (2.5 mm2 - even for charging transmitter and receiver batteries !!) and
if the battery cells are soldered (!) together, i.e. they are not simply clamped in a battery box.
7.7.1 If you wish or are obliged to change the parameters relating to Battery 1, press the <1> button
again: this calls up a text screen with the title line in inverse video; this is the parameter set-up
menu for Battery 1, which should be familiar to you already from Fig. 7.3.1.
If you wish to give your Nickel batteries a full charge combined with maximum safety, the
following parameters must be set to sensible values before you start charging the pack.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
15
7.7.2 left - Battery type: e. g.: „bType : NiMH“
Parameter screen battery 1 Fig. 7.7.x
7.7.3 le - Program selection: suggested setting for
1 le Parameter Set battery 1
Ni-Cd and NiMH batteries: „prog. : autoC“
2 le bType
0
bType® NiMH cells
cells®
7.7.4 le - Charge current: „cCurr: x.xx A“. If an automatic 3 le prog.
autoC cRate
prog.®autoC
cRate®
program is used (see 7.7.3 left), this parameter should 4 le cCurr
3.50A quan>
500
cCurr®3.50A
quan>®
generally be set to the maximum possible charge 5 le dCurr
5.00A time>
dCurr®5.00A
time>® 2h30
current, since the automatic circuit continuously varies 6 le cutOf sens. temp>
OFF
cutOf®sens. temp>®
the current during the charge process.
7 le delay
NO
delay® 7min diode
diode®
Special hint: Placing a “lid” on the current - especially
8 le
refr.
OFF
®
refr.®
if it is below 1C for Ni-MH batteries or below 2C for NiCd batteries - may cause the automatic cut-off circuit to fail.
7.7.5 le - Discharge current: We recommend „eStrm: = max. device current" for the autoD selection.
7.7.6 le - Automatic cut-off: Method of working of the automatic cut-off circuit. The setting which works
with most batteries is: “cutOf:norm.” for Ni-Cd batteries or “cutOf:sens.” (sensitive) for Ni-MH batteries.
7.7.7 le - Delayed response of the cut-off circuit: Deep-discharged batteries tend to cause a premature
cut-off in the first few minutes of a charge process. This menu point prevents the charger checking for
“battery full” for several minutes, but please note that it can lead to overheating if a fully charged battery
is connected. „delay : 7min“ is fixed at Ni-MH batteries and "autoC".
7.7.2 right - Cell count: With a Nickel battery the cell count remains at zero, as no battery is connected to
the charger. The charger automatically corrects the cell count during the charge or discharge process repeatedly if necessary. Note: It is certainly possible to correct the cell count manually while a charge
or discharge program is in progress, but the cell counts calculated by the unit are generally accurate
enough, and are not used when charging Nickel cells in any case.
7.7.3 ri - Setting the C-Rate: By the definition of the Schulze-balancing cables for Lithium batteries the
charge current depends on the current resistor soldered in. If you wish to use a higher (or lower) charge
current than that defined by the configuration of the lead, you can “turn this parameter up or down”.
Normally the current multiplication factor is set to 1.0: „cRate: 1.0“.
7.7.4 ri - Charge quantity limitation: An important factor in terms of safety is the maximum charge
quantity (battery capacity). You need to estimate how much energy can be charged into your battery.
A normal, completely discharged Ni-Cd 2400 mAh cell can generally accept 2400 - 2600 mAh.
This means: The maximum charge quantity for flat 2400 cells "quan> 2700" mAh.
For Ni-MH cells the basic rule is to set the battery capacity in mAh, plus an addition of about 30%,
since the charge quantity limit has a dual function (see Chapter xx).
7.7.5 ri - Charge time limitation: The next safety function is to enter the maximum charge time. The
charge time for a fully automatic charge program can only be estimated, as the actual period varies
according to the specific cell type. If you do not already know this figure from personal experience, we
suggest that you enter a figure at the higher end of the range: Time> 30…45min (for Ni-Cd cells).
Please note: If the charge time exceeds three hours, then something is fundamentally wrong: either the
battery is defective or of high internal resistance (e.g. many AA and AAA cells), the charge leads are
too thin, or the connectors are not up to the job.
7.7.6 ri - Over temperature cut-off: The temperature cut-off should be left at OFF: “temp>: OFF” (in
particular if the nextConn circuit board is not installed. See Chapter 14 for more details).
7.7.7 ri - Discharge protection diode: This is only required for transmitters fitted with an integral
protective discharge diode; the ideal choice is therefore normally: “diode: OFF”.
If lithium- or lead-batteries with buildt-in diode are charged, then the batteries are not full despite the
„full“ display. The reason is that the nextGeneration is not able to detect the diode.
7.7.8 ri - Refresh charge: Refresh charge: this should be switched on if you wish to subject your battery
to brief discharge pulses during the charging process (only possible at the Battery 1 output). It is
claimed that tired batteries can be revived more quickly using this method, and it is likely that the
principle could be relatively successful with transmitter and receiver batteries, which are almost never
discharged completely. However, since the process does not compensate for differences in selfdischarge rates between the individual cells of the pack, and since it does not increase the capacity of
the cells, this function is purely a matter of taste … refresh charging is switched off in any case when
charging Lithium batteries with the Balancer active, as it could have adverse effects.
1 ri
2 ri
3 ri
4 ri
5 ri
6 ri
7 ri
8 ri
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
16
7.8 The nextGeneration starts the charge / discharge process according to the configuration in Fig.
5.2: “Start: ” automatically when the battery is connected, or manually by pressing the “+” button.
7.9 The nextGeneration switches the current off when the charge process is complete, and
displays a FULL message (or EMPTY, or - if the cut-off failed - TEMP or TIME), and beeps for
about thirty seconds.
7.10 At the start of a fixed-current charge program you will hear a single brief beep when you
connect the battery; the charger emits two beeps if an automatic charge program is in use, and
one long beep for a discharge program.
You should now know the most important functions. Still, we strongly recommend you to study the
rest of the manual to make the best use of your device and learn about further options and how to
interprete warnings and errors.
8 Nickel battery programs (Ni-Cd, Ni-MH)
After being disconnected from the car battery, the nextGeneration will turn back to the last program.
If a different program is required, it has to be selected before connecting a pack.
After termination of the chosen program - the pack is now full or empty - a buzzer or a melody will play
for a short time period and the blinking light output becomes permanently activated. To interrupt just
press the +/- key. The LCD panel shows the final values.
As the screen only shows the graph for one battery you may want to know what is happening on the
other Outputs. Press: „info“ from the appropriate screen and the display will provide the status of
all connected batteries. Even screen updates will take place in this mode.
Program- and Parameter selection:
Whenever a nickel-program with our patented automatic current calculation is selected, "auto" or
"aut" will appear in the display. Lead- or Lithium programs are only fixed current programs.
Note: Program select is closely linked with the menu items "dCurr" and "cCurr".
Please read the following paragraphs.
Ensure the cut-off mode and safety functions selected will suit your battery.
If the safety functions have been set up incorrectly, they may not only loose their intended purpose
(avoiding overcharge in case of a malfunction), but may even cause adverse results, i. e.:
Interrupting the charge before the battery is full.
Data like charge time, voltage at end of charge and charged capacity may give valuable information
about the charge behaviour, the capacity of the connected battery-pack or improper full indications.
Note:
Because of the way the automatic current calculation programs work, they are not suitable for
charging Nickel- transmitter batteries, nor for charging batteries fitted with thin (standard) charge
leads. When the charge current is calculated automatically, the circuit takes into account the
conductor tracks in the transmitter, the thin charge leads (e.g. to the receiver battery) and the
connectors (usually with a maximum current capacity of only 1 A), and this leads to extremely low
charge currents which cause the automatic charge termination circuit to fail.
Typical result: the transmitter battery is overcharged, and may leak or explode!
For this reason: never charge a transmitter battery in the transmitter.
However, if you insist on doing this (on your own head be it): always select a fixed current program.
But please note: NiCd batteries have to be charged at 2 C and NiMH batteries at 1 C, so a 3000 mAh
Ni-MH transmitter battery should be charged at a current of 3 A. No transmitter’s circuit board tracks
will tolerate such currents, and neither will the connectors used for the transmitter and receiver
batteries (generally these are only approved for 1 A).
We do not recommend this method of battery charging, and expressly deny any liability if you
decide to use it!
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
17
8.1 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH charge program with manual charge current selection (fixC)
These programs will charge your batteries with your selected cCurr directly after connecting your
batteries.
Partly suitable to charge transmitter batteries (see hint on the page ahead).
Please note that the microprocessor may reduce the current if due to the chosen charge rate the
rising voltage or current threatens to cause overheating.
The nextGeneration charges until full condition is detected. The charger switches to trickle charge
("t", Ni-Cd batteries only). Charge time, battery peak voltage and loaded capacity are displayed on
the screen. Full indication also starts buzzer for a short time.
Suitable charge currents may be selected by the following rule:
Charge current = 2 x C (C=nominal cell capacity)
Example: Cell capacity C = 1.2 Ah, charge current 2 x 1.2 = 2.4A. Selected charge current: 2.5A
8.2 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH charge program with automatic charge current selection (autoC)
These programs will charge your batteries with your selected cCurr directly after connecting your
batteries. The charger automatically calculates a charge rate which suits the battery. The battery
will continuously be checked during the charge and the charge current is adapted to the actual
condition. Initially the program starts with 300 mA, then increases the current to the calculated
values, which may result in a reduced current towards the end of the charge.
Partly suitable to charge transmitter batteries (see hint on the page ahead).
The program will not exceed the maximum value set in menu item cCurr.
Caution: the automatic NiMH circuit works with a high initial current which should not be limited
without due reason
The nextGeneration charges until full condition is detected. The charger switches to trickle charge
("t", Ni-Cd batteries only). Charge time, battery peak voltage and loaded capacity are displayed on
the screen. Full indication also starts buzzer for a short time.
Note: In contrast to other programs, this fully automatic program always starts with a double beep
when you connect the battery.
8.3 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH discharge program with manual current selection (fix D)
This program starts with the dCurr current you have previously chosen, when connecting the
batteries to the battery 1 output, and ends when the discharge voltage is reached. During the
whole discharge the current will be kept at the value you selected, or may be reduced in order not
to exceed the performance range of the nextGeneration which depends on the cell count, the car
batteries charge level and/or the temperature of the electronic load.
In contrast to the Capacity Measuring program, the discharge programs enable you to determine
the remaining capacity of a partially discharged battery (for example to measure how much is left
in your Rx battery after a couple of flights).
At the end of the program discharge time, discharge voltage and discharged capacity will be
displayed. A buzz or a melody will be activated for a short time.
Note: For precise measuring of battery capacities a discharge current of 1/10 C is recommended,
i.e.: a 1000 mAh battery should be discharged with 100 mA.
For practical purposes higher discharge rates can be tolerated and may even be more realistic.
In other cases you should limit the maximum discharge current in the menu point dCurr for cells of
low capacity (e. g. receiver batteries) which could be grow too hot subjected to excessive discharge
currents; this avoids the cells being damaged through this overheating. Recommended values for
maximum continuous currents are 1 C to maximum 2 C.
Info: The discharge cut-off voltage used for the Ni-Cd-discharge programs is about 0.85V per cell,
for Ni-MH batteries the level is about 1 V/cell. The microprocessor will detect the number of cells
with sufficient accuracy.
When deep-discharged cells are connected, the number of cells will automatically be corrected
after about 1-10 minutes.
Manual corrections may be made via menu item cells, while the program is running.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
18
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
8.4 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH discharge program with automatic current selection (autoD)
This program starts discharging after the battery is connected. The battery is initially discharged for
around a minute at a low discharge current while the charger measures its characteristics. It then
applies a discharge current suitable for the battery.
The discharge current will not exceed any discharge value programmed under dCurr. However, the
initial discharge current is always limited by the max. discharge performance or the max.
discharge current of the nextGeneration which depends on the cell count, the car batteries
charge level and/or the temperature of the electronic load.
Low capacity batteries (Rx-battery) or batteries which allow re-charge into the car battery, may be discharged at a lower rate to prevent damage. Recommended constant discharge rates are 1C to max. 2C.
This program will discharge the battery connected to Output 1 down to the discharge voltage (see
Chapter 8.3 Info).
In contrast to fix D, the autoD discharge program will automatically decrease the discharge
currents towards the end of the discharge. The current (only at Ni-Cd batteries, not at Ni-MH
batteries) will be reduced in steps and finally turned off. This way, the Ni-Cd cells may be
discharged to a lower level. A buzz or a melody will be activated for a short time.
8.5 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH battery conditioning programs (autDC, fixDC)
This program starts with the discharge program after the battery is connected and switches
automatically to the charge program when battery is discharged. This program is intended to
erase any memory effect and is particularly suited to freshen up (e.g. once a week) Tx and Rxbatteries which are usually never completely discharged in normal use.
This program starts with the discharge program (autoD resp. fix D). After reaching the "empty"voltage level the nextGeneration automatically runs the autoC resp. fix C program in sequence.
Please read the descriptions of the individual programs to understand the way they work and how to
set the currents.
For new or irregular maintained batteries a single discharge/charge-cycle may not be enough to
achieve a complete formatting of the cells. In this case the aut2DC resp. fix2DC up to ...5DC
provides the option of automatically running cycles. The ...5DC (="...XDC") program stops the
cycles when the max. discharged capacity (discharged quantity) has decreased.
These programs will finish like a fix C resp. autoC program, with buzzer.
Only the usual charge data, but no information about the discharge cycle will be displayed on
graphic display after the program had finished.
The info menu will show the capacity values of all charge/discharge cycles.
8.6 Ni-Cd/Ni-MH capacity measuring program (autCD, fixCD)
This program starts with the charge program charging after the battery is connected to the battery 1
output and then discharge down to the "empty" voltage level.
This program enables you to monitor the performance of your batteries during their lifetime, allowing
you to estimate their usefulness.
This program starts with the charge program (autoC resp. fixC). After reaching the "full"-state the
nextGeneration automatically runs the autoD resp. fix-D program in sequence.
Please read the descriptions of the individual programs to understand the way they work and how to
set the currents.
The programs also can run automatically for up to 5 times. The ...5DC (="...XDC") program stops
the cycles when the max. discharged capacity (discharged quantity) has decreased.
At the end of the discharge the graphic display will show discharge time, discharge voltage and
capacity, and a buzz or a melody will be activated for a short time.
The info menu will show the capacity values of all charge/discharge cycles.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
19
9 Lead-battery programs (lead-acid, lead-gel "VRLA")
The lead-acid battery charge programs all bear the designation “Lead” in the battery type designation.
If you select this battery type you can charge and discharge lead-acid and lead-gel batteries.
Lead batteries behave entirely differently from sintered-cell Ni-Cd batteries, which are commonly used as
power sources in model aircraft, cars and hydro-boats. Lead batteries can only supply relatively low
currents relative to their capacity if you wish to exploit their full capacity, otherwise the voltage falls off
to an excessive extent. The same also applies to charging: the battery manufacturers usually state 20
hours to reach full nominal capacity (charge current 0.1 C, voltage limited).
The lead charge programs of the nextGeneration charger provide a steadily rising charge current which
gradually declines again when the battery’s maximum voltage is reached.
The charge programs provided by the charger are capable of giving lead batteries virtually a full charge in
just a few hours. The appearance of an “a” on the screen after the charge time display indicates that
the charge voltage has reached its maximum and the charge current decreased essentially. At this
point the battery is around 4/5 fully charged, and the process of charging the last 20% occurs much
more slowly. Further increase in capacity is indicated by the appearance of the letters “b” and “c” as
the current falls back further. The time between the “a” point and the full display (when the charge
current is switched off) may be almost as long as the time between connecting the battery and the
appearance of the “a”. The buzzer sounds briefly when the "full" display appears.
9.1 Lead battery charge program Fixed-C (fix C)
Set a charge current of around 0.4 C (see Chapter 4).
If you are ever in doubt about this, always follow the instructions supplied by the battery manufacturer, as
they do not necessarily agree with our suggestions, nor those of the importer or your model shop!
The charge phase begins with a period when the battery is ‘balanced’; this is indicated by a flashing "+"
preceding the current value.
If you see no “+”, this indicates that the charger has reached the nominal charge current, and will not rise
any further. If the screen displays a “*” constantly, this means that maximum charger power has been
reached.
9.2 Lead battery discharge program Fixed-D (fix D) not at the batt 2 output)
For an accurate capacity measurement of your batteries please use a discharge current of around 1/10 C;
for other purposes you can set any current within the permissible discharge currents for the battery.
9.3 / 9.4 Lead battery combi-programs FixedDC and FixedCD (not at the batt 2 output)
These programs are a combination of the charge and discharge programs.
…DC means that the battery is first discharged, then recharged; …CD means that it is first charged, then
discharged. It is possible to carry out these combination programs repeatedly in sequence: when you
select a combination program, the charger asks whether you wish to select up to five DC or CD cycles.
If you set five cycles, the nextGeneration will also interrupt the combi maintenance program if it detects
that the charge quantity removed from the pack is less than in the previous cycle.
Note:
• Don’t be surprised if the nextGeneration charger already shows full when the battery has reached around
70% of its nominal capacity. The reason is that the nominal capacity (i.e. useful life) of a lead battery is
very quickly reduced by incorrect handling (overcharging, many 100% discharges, and especially deepdischarges). For more information please read the instructions supplied with your battery.
• If you connect a battery which is already three-quarters full, or is exhausted (i.e. reduced nominal
capacity), it will not be charged at the current you have set in the charge current menu, as the battery
reaches its maximum permissible voltage before the selected maximum current is reached.
• During the charge process the charge voltage limit is reduced after a certain time to the voltage value for
continuous charging (approx. 2.275 V / cell). In this case the nextGeneration generally alerts the user
by displaying the message “wrong cell count” for a few seconds.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
20
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
21
10 Lithium-Battery Programms (Li-FePo4, Li-Ion, Li-Po)
11 Charging/discharging of Ni-Cd / Ni-MH transmitter batteries
The Lithium battery charge programs all bear the prefix “Li” in the battery type designation.
As explained in Chapter 4, there are currently three different types of Lithium battery in common use by
modellers.
The new Li-FePO4 cells (Lithium-Iron-Phosphate; known as e.g. Saphion, A123) can be charged using the
nextGeneration in exactly the same way as Lithium-Ion and Lithium-Polymer cells. However, it is
essential always to set the correct cell type in the menu, so that the charge or discharge data match
your battery (do not charge Li-Fe cells using the Li-Io or Li-Po program).
The Lithium charge programs of the nextGeneration charger provide a steadily rising charge current
which gradually declines again when the battery’s maximum voltage is reached.
Note: If you connect a battery which is already full or almost full, it will not be charged at the current you
have set, as the battery reaches its maximum permissible voltage before the selected maximum current
is reached.
The charge programs provided by the charger are capable of giving Lithium batteries virtually a full charge
in just a few hours. The appearance of an “a” on the screen after the charge time display indicates that
the charge voltage has reached its maximum and the charge current decreased essentially. At this
point the battery is around 4/5 fully charged, and the process of charging the last 20% occurs much
more slowly. Further increase in capacity is indicated by the appearance of the letters “b” and “c” as
the current falls back further. The time between the “a” point and the “full” display (when the charge
current is switched off) may be almost as long as the time between connecting the battery and the
appearance of the “a”. The buzzer sounds briefly when the “full” display appears.
Many transmitters are fitted with discharge protection diodes (short-circuit guard diodes). There are
two options here: you can either by-pass the diodes in the transmitter, or you can set the
parameter “diode” to “ON” for the charge process in the parameter menus "1" or "2".
The diode prevents the charger detecting that a battery is connected for charging, so you must
start the charge process manually by pressing the <+> button (also shown in the display).
Since the battery 2 sockets have no voltage converter, in theory this output could be used to
recharge a battery in a transmitter whose electronics remain connected to the battery during the
charge process (i.e. not disconnected by the On/Off switch) while the charge voltage can never
be higher than the car battery voltage.
However, you must understand that it is fundamentally dangerous to charge a battery in the
transmitter, as the battery could even explode, causing serious damage. We therefore advise you
never to do this.
10.1 Lithium battery charge program "fix-C"
Set a charge current of around 1 C (see Chapter 4).
If you are ever in doubt about this, always follow the instructions supplied by the battery manufacturer, as
they do not necessarily agree with our suggestions, nor those of the importer or your model shop!
The charge phase begins with a period when the battery is ‘balanced’; this is indicated by a flashing "+"
preceding the current value.
If you see no “+”, this indicates that the charger has reached the nominal charge current, and will not rise
any further. If the screen displays a “*” constantly, this means that maximum charger power has been
reached.
10.2 Lithium battery discharge program "fix-D" (not at the battery2 output)
For an accurate capacity measurement of your batteries please use a discharge current of around 1/10 C;
for other purposes you can set any current within the permissible discharge currents for the battery.
10.3 / 10.4 Lithiumbattery combi programs "fixDC" and "fixCD" (not at the battery2 output)
These programs are a combination of the charge and discharge programs.
…DC means that the battery is first discharged, then recharged; …CD means that it is first charged,
then discharged. It is possible to carry out these combination programs repeatedly in sequence: when
you select a combination program, the charger asks whether you wish to select up to five DC or CD
cycles.
If you set five cycles (="...XDC"), the nextGeneration will also interrupt the combi maintenance program
if it detects that the charge quantity removed from the pack is less than in the previous cycle.
10.5 Hints for the use with external balancers / equalizers
The “full” indication with Lithium or Lead-acid batteries applies when the charge currend has reduced to a
fraction of the selected value. This value is set to about 100 mA - even if the calculated value for “full”
should be below that figure. This ensures that the balancer’s own current drain, which is drawn from the
battery being balanced, does not prevent the charger indicating “battery full”.
Note: When a battery of low capacity is fully charged, it should always be disconnected from the balancer
(and from the charger) once the charger has cut off the charge current. This will avoid the balancer’s
own current drain discharging the pack.
12 Special hints for charging 1-3 cells
Note following safety warnings and hints:
Charging:
Normally buzzer and display warns when cells are connected which voltage are too low. After
about 30 seconds, charging cycle will be finished, if charging voltage does not increase above a
certain value. These warnings and the previous switch off can be oppressed when pushing the
<+> button within the first 30 seconds of charging. When pushing the button, you must be in the
corresponding graphical pack 1 or pack 2 screen.
Warning:
Voltage peak of the cells is not very high when charging less than 4 cells. Cut of automatic
function is not guaranteed. It is possible, that the peak cut off automatic stops charging too early,
too late or not.
Discharging:
No special procedures necessary.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
22
13 Automatic Cut-off Circuit
Before we discuss the various methods of automatic charge termination, you should be
aware of a few basic facts:
In most cases selecting the „cutOf:norm.“ setting gives the best results with genuine NiCd sintered cells (not hybrid cells).
In the "strict" setting, especially with the automatic programs, the charger sometimes
fails to detect the Peak and is therefore not available with Ni-MH programs. Ni-MH
batteries are generally charged using the sensitive ("sens.") setting.
Lead and Lithium batteries are switched off when the maximum charge voltage ("Umax") is reached, and the charge current declines to a fraction of the selected current.
13.1.1 OFF: no Delta Peak (Delta-U) cut-off
In this mode continuous charging is possible, as the automatic Delta-Peak circuit does
not switch off the charge current.
For safety reasons the charge current ("cCurr") is automatically set to 100 mA when you
select "OFF" (battery overheating risk), or if the temperature sensor is disconnected
when "ON" is selected.
If no battery is connected to the charger, the value of "cCurr" cannot be increased.
If a battery is connected, the charge current can be increased to a maximum of 500 mA
while the battery is on charge.
13.1.2 sensitive: Delta Peak cut-off for flat voltage reduction
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
23
13.1.3 normal: Delta Peak termination for normal voltage reduction
"norm." : Delta Peak cut-off using well-proven termination criteria.
In most cases this setting is the most straightforward method of charging Ni-Cd batteries.
This cut-off mode can be used with or without temperature monitoring (see Chapter 14).
13.1.4 strict: Delta Peak cut-off for high voltage reduction
"strict" : Delta Peak termination with very strict termination criteria.
This automatic cut-off method should only be selected if you experience premature
terminations when using the "norm." setting. For example, this might occur with deepdischarged 1700 mAh N-SCRC cells.
Warning: this method of charge termination is particularly unlikely to work properly with
packs of selected cells.
When hybrid cells are used with the "autoC" program, the charge current is reduced so
markedly towards the end of the charge process that under certain circumstances no
detectable voltage peak occurs at the end of the charge. This means that the automatic cut-off circuit is not triggered.
This mode cannot be selected for Ni-MH batteries.
This charge termination mode can be used with or without temperature monitoring (see
Chapter 14).
13.2: Delay for the Delta Peak (Delta-Volts) cut-off (will be activated after a time delay)
"sens." : Delta Peak cut-off with sensitive characteristic:
Activating "delay" generates a delay time of 1 minute (standard), 5 minutes or 9 minutes. This period has to elapse before the peak termination circuit is activated.
This automatic termination method switches off the current when the final charge voltage
curve reaches a plateau (flat), as is commonly encountered with hybrid Ni-Cd cells or
Ni-MH cells.
Caution: if the delay time is active and you connect cells which are already full (especially if you are using the fully automatic Ni-MH program) they will become very hot
because the cells are charged initially without peak monitoring.
Usually this setting provides the most straightforward method of charging Ni-MH batteries.
Note: the Peak monitoring circuit itself also takes at least one minute to gather the
battery’s charge data, assess the information, then switch off the charge current.
It can occur that the charge process is switched off automatically right at the start of the
process if you try to recharge a pack of deep-discharged cells. You can avoid this by
entering a delay time (in minutes) for charge termination - the parameter is "delay". At
the start of the charge process a delay period has to elapse before the automatic cutoff circuit become active, i.e. it only comes into force after the set number of minutes.
Caution: if the delay time is active and you connect cells which are already full (to give
them a “top-up”) they will probably become very hot because the cells are charged
initially without peak monitoring.
This cut-off mode can be used with or without temperature monitoring (see Chapter
14).
14 Monitoring and safety facilities
The charger contains two types of monitoring and safety facilities:
1) Those which protect the device itself, e.g.: over-temperature of the charger or the maximum
charge performance control to avoid over-heating of the nextGeneration, and
2) Those which protect the batteries connected.
For those under 1) please see Chapter 20, for those of 2) read this chapter.
As already mentioned in Chapter 7 - The first Step - correctly set safety facilities may prevent
damage/destruction of your battery in case of cut-off automatic malfunction.
But be aware: Incorrect set-ups may not be able to prevent over-charge and may even cause
premature cut-offs.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
14.1 Temperature monitoring
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
24
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
14.1.1 Assignment of the temperature sensor to Battery 1 and/or Battery 2:
This parameter is set in the parameter menu point "temp>:" for battery 1 or battery 2. It can be
reached via the button <1> or <2> depending on the desired output.
Note: The parameter has always to be set to "OFF" when the nextConn module is not buildt in or
the temperature sensor is not connected.
14.1.2 Selecting the cut off temperature limit
The max. temperature limit can be set in the chargers parameter screen1 via the button <par>
(press <par> one time) and then selecting and adjusting the parameter "temp>:".
The temperature values can be adjusted in steps of 2°, the resolution of the sensor. To switch from
odd to even values you just have to go for the limits. The upper limit will turn to even, the lower
limit to odd numbers.
Only one temperature sensor is available, but it can be used in many different ways.
14.1.2.1 If the sensor is not assigned to any of the two outputs, it will turn off the nextGeneration
itself when the selected temperature plus 30°C is exceeded.
14.1.2.2 The sensor can be assigned to any of the two outputs.
14.1.2.3 It is also possible to assign the sensor to multiple outputs. This makes sense if the sensor
is used for emergency cut-off at 75°C. At ‘normal’ cut-off temperatures of 45°C all assigned
outputs would be turned off, independant of their state of charge, as the sensor can only monitor
one battery.
14.1.3 Activation display:
The activated temperature display is shown on the graphic screens.
If the active display shows "--°C", this indicates that the temperature sensor is not connected, or
there is a cable fracture, and the charger emits a warning signal. If a battery is connected, it is not
charged; if this occurs while a charge process is under way, it is interrupted with the message
"TmpSns" in the curve screen.
If temperature monitoring is active, it is important to ensure that the battery temperature is below
41°C at the start of the charge / discharge process. If the temperature is higher than this, the
charge or discharge process is not initiated; the nextGeneration waits until the battery has
cooled down. A message "temp.lim" (temperature limit exceeded) appears on the screen.
14.1.4 Hints
• It is up to you to attach the temperature sensor to the correct battery pack !!!
• Never use Temperature-cut-off on PB-batteries, as it will more likely lead to the destruction of the
battery rather than to a proper charge. Selection of excessive charge currents or constant
charges exceeding the max. voltage will cause permanent damage (loss of capacity) or even
destruction of the battery.
• Using Temperature cut-off for Combination programs (DC, CD, 3DC, 2CD ...) without Delta-peak
monitoring ("cutOf: OFF"), the battery temperature must not exceed the cut-off temperature
during discharge (Select a low discharge current, otherwise the cut-off will cause a premature end
of the discharge cycle).
If Delta-peak monitoring is activated, exceeding the selected temperature will cause an emergency cut-off.
• Disconnected temperature sensors or sensors with defective wires will stop the program together
with the "TmpSns" message.
25
14.1.5 Control
(only with optional „nextConn“ module)
Temperature monitoring can be used for charge- and discharge programs.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
Activated temperature monitoring can be identified by normal letters on the curve screens. If
temperature monitoring is inactive, the value is displayed in parenthesis.
14.1.6 Messages
If programs are terminated because the set temperature values are exceeded, the display will show
"TEMP" instead of the usual "FULL" or "EMPT"y message. When using a combination program
(only output 1), "TEMP" means in this case: (dis-) charging interrupted, not really empty/not really
full. If the battery temperature is higher than 40°C (not adjustable) before a discharge phase, the
discharge is not initiated. In this case the screen displays the message "temp.lim" until the
battery temperature falls below 40°C.
14.2 (Charge-/Discharge-) Quantity monitoring
For activation and set-up of this "quan>" function, press <1> or <2> to change into the parameter
menu screens for battery 1 or battery 2. The display shows the unit mAh.
14.2.1 The charge quantity must be selected for all battery types and for all charge outputs
separately.
14.2.2 You can also limit the discharge quantity by the value of the charge quantity monitoring if you
couple the functions. To do this you have to switch to the parameter set1 screen (press <par>
one time) and then change the parameter „dQuan:“ to „ON“.
14.2.3 The procedure to set the charge quantity is very easy: Just add about 10% ... 30% to what it
takes to charge your battery and program this value to the "quan>:" parameter. "OFF" means,
that quantity monitoring is disabled.
14.2.4 Meldung: If programs are terminated because set charge quantity values are exceeded, the
display will show "QUAN"tity instead of the usual "FULL" or "EMPT"y message.
14.2.5 Example: A selected 2400 mAh cell requires about 2.7 Ah for a complete charge. The safety
cut-off for this type of battery should be set at a minimum of 2800mAh.
If the charge is frequently terminated by the charge monitoring function, the set value may need to be
increased. Be reminded that a partially charged battery will not be able to consume a full nominal
capacity charge (To avoid the memory effect you should discharge your batteries anyway).
Please bear in mind that it is not possible to charge the full nominal capacity into a battery which is
not completely discharged beforehand (however, to minimise the memory effect you should really
ensure that the cells are completely discharged first, right down to the final discharge voltage).
14.2.6 Double function
The automatic current calculation feature has exclusively in combination with the NickelMetal-Hydride charge programs with automatic current calculation (NiMH - autoC, autCD,
XautCD, XautDC, autoDC) an important double function:
14.2.6.1 First an explanation
In comparison with the Ni-MH cells of the last few years (e.g.: Sanyo RC3000H/3300HV, KAN 950,
Panasonic HHR-300SCP/350SCP (3,0/3,5 Ah)), modern Ni-MH cells (e.g.: Intellect 3800 & 4200,
GP130/370/430SCHR (1,3/3,7/4,3 Ah)) exhibit an enormous reduction in internal resistance, due in
particular to improved contact techniques between the internal cell winding and the surrounding
container as well as to changes in the chemical make-up of the cell.
Since - unfortunately - the automatic current calculation circuit is unable without outside help to
detect which generation of cells is connected to it, we have incorporated a special feature in the
automatic current circuit as of software Version 8.50:
After the initial charge phase, as described in Version 8.xx (which is still carried out at a very high
current, and could previously be limited only by the menu point “C-Curr”), this feature limits the
charge current to a maximum value which you define.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
26
14.2.6.2 Setting the maximum charge current value
A new menu point is not required for this. Instead the maximum current value corresponds to the
maximum charge quantity which you define for the safety charge cut-off circuit (e.g.: 1000 mAh =
1000 mA). This value should correspond to the battery’s capacity value, plus a certain addition to
allow for poor charge efficiency, as previously. This addition should be in the range 20% … 50%, as
shown in the table values for the safety cut-off circuit.
14.2.6.3 Safety notes
It is essential to set the maximum charge quantity correctly, as this is the only way to
ensure that the automatically calculated charge current does not exceed the stipulations
for charging Ni-MH batteries, as stated in Section 4.3, of around 1 C … 1.6 C. This is
necessary to prevent the battery overheating.
If the charger should switch off by "quan"tity when connected to brand-new or deep-discharged
cells: please don’t connect the pack again for charging. Instead carry out a discharge process first
(e.g. using the Auto DC program).
Please also note that you must NOT use the automatic current calculation feature to charge the
high-capacity cells mentioned towards the end of Section 4.3, as this will result in the calculation of
an excessively low current (below 1 C), which would cause the charger to detect the “battery full”
condition incorrectly.
14.3 Charge time monitoring
As the name implies, this function is limited to charge programs.
For activation and set-up of the function press at first <1> or <2> to get into the ParameterSet
menu. Then select the desired maximum charge time in the „time>:“ menu.
14.3.1 The charge time must be selected for all battery types and also for both charge outputs
separately.
14.3.2 Setting the max. charge times is quite easy: Just add about 10% ... 20% to what it takes to
charge your battery and program this value.
"OFF" means that time monitoring is disabled.
While the expected charge time can be easily estimated for the "fix_C" programs, the times in
"autoC" will vary according to the calculated charge current.
Still, checking the charge times in automatic mode may give you an indication on the condition of
your battery: Fit batteries require less charge time.
For comparison you have to ensure similar conditions: Identical charge lead (2.5mm2) and similar
temperatures of batteries and surroundings. Cold batteries take longer than warm batteries.
If programs are terminated because set charge time values are exceeded, the display will show
"TIME" instead of the usual "FULL" or "EMPTy" message.
14.4 Note
All the mentioned adjustments will be stored in the nextGeneration’s non-volatile memory and will
be readily available even after the device has been disconnected.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
27
15 Monitoring functions on the LCD-panel
15.1 Charge-/discharge current maximum load control display for output 1 and 2
If the current in the graphical displays figures during charge/discharge are lower than expected, usually
the charger has automatically reduced the current because a limit has been reached. For example:
When reaching the maximum performance of the voltage converter of the charge/discharge stage, the
display will show a "*" in front of the current display.
15.2 Discharge / energy re-transfer control display for output 1 and 2
Discharge currents are marked with a "-" in front of the current display in the curve screen. Energy is retransfered into the car battery (or a power supply).
15.2.1 If the charger reaches one of its limits and has automatically reduced the current below the
manually selected discharge current or automatically calculated discharge current, the "-" will intermittently replaced by a "*".
15.2.2 If the internal electronic discharge load is switched on caused by a fully charged car battery or the
use with a power supply, the „-“ will intermittently replaced by an inverse "R" (or "*" and "R").
15.2.3 If the car battery is abslutely full even when the internal electronic discharge load works, then the
discharge current is reduced to avoid overcharging the car battery or damaging the power supply.
The „-“ will intermittently replaced by an inverse "A" (or "*" and "A").
15.3 Status display for output 1 and 2
An overview about the status of all connected batteries and especially the combined programs the
information display is located in the first "info" screen „State: b1....“ (press „info“ one time).
It shows which combined program has been selected, which part of it is currently running (charge or discharge)
and which phase of the xDC resp xCD program is running: Up to 5 cycles are displayed one below the other.
The values of battery 1 on the left 2/3 of the screen, those of battery 2 output on the right side.
The display also shows the internal resistance of the batteries (note: including the resistance of all
connectors and charge cables and cables inside the battery!).
15.4 Informations around the car battery
The car battery information display is located in the second "info" screen „State info nextGen.“ (press
<info> 2 times).
This screen display finally lets you know for certain what you can expect of your car battery or mains
power supply when fast-charging your batteries, and what quantity of energy is removed from your car
battery in a single day. This display also allows you to check whether the specified wattage has
produced the desired current limiting in conjunction with the cell count in use when you are using the
charger with a mains power supply.
15.4.1 The car battery voltage is displayed at „Input Voltage“ and refreshed instantly.
15.4.2 The car battery current is displayed at „Inp.Curr.Draw“ and refreshed instantly.
• If no battery is connected to output 1 or 2 , only the power consumption the nextGeneration device
itself (quiescent current = 120mA) is indicated.
• Is the input current negative, then no consumption from the car battery (or from a power supply) takes
place but this indicates a re-energy transfer into the car battery from a battery which is discharged at
the battery 1 output.
15.4.3 The power consumption from the car battery is displayed at „TakenCapacity“ and refreshed instantly.
• If the „TakenCapacity“ decreases or is negative, then no consumption from the car battery (or from a
power supply) takes place but this indicates a re-energy transfer into the car battery from a battery
which is discharged at the battery 1 output.
• When the nextGeneration is connected to the car battery the old power consumption (mAh, Ah) is restored.
• The clearing of the accumulated value is manually possible at the menu point "carBt:reset" in the
chargers „par“-ameter set 2 (press <par> 2 times).
15.4.4 The current- and quantity indication for the primary energy source (car battery / mains power
supply) is a calculated value, which is matched quite well with the reality.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
28
16 Special adjustments
16.1 Selection of the min. voltage limit warning (when operating from a car battery)
When using an external battery which is not used for starting the car, it can be discharged to a
lower voltage level. In the device parameter set 1 (press <par> 1 time) and the menu „batt<:“
you can change the threshold value for the low-voltage warning.
Based on years of experience "with start up reserve (not guaranteed)" this value is set at "*11.2 V ".
In this case the "*" stands for recommended value.
The nextGeneration will stop all operations if the supply voltage drops about 500 mV (0.5 volt)
below this value and will display an appropriate error message.
16.2 Resetting the display of car battery discharge quantity
The clearing of the accumulated value is manually possible at the menu point"carBt:reset" in the
second parameter set screen (press <par> two times).
16.3 Operation from a car battery charger (see also power supply operation 16.4)
Never connect the nextGeneration directly to a car battery charger as it will be damaged.
Even when using a car battery as a buffer the remaining peaks from the car battery
charger may cause the nextGeneration to display irregular error messages and/or may
work with reduced power.
16.4 Operation from an AC/DC power supply
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
16.4.2 Our mains power supplies
NT-16A (for next-6.30-5),
NT-25A (for next-6.30-5, next-7.36-8 and next-10.36-8), and
NT-40A (for next-6.30-5, next-7.36-8 and next-10.36-8) has been tested with the nextGeneration.
16.4.3 Limiting the current consumption in the device parameter set 1 (press <par> 1 time):
Via the menu-items "curr>:" the maximum input current draw can be limited to lower values to
keep the current from the mains power supply (as well as from a car battery) below the maximum.
16.4.4 Limiting the power consumption in the device parameter set 1 (press <par> 1 time):
Via the menu-items "powr>:" the maximum charge power can be limited to lower values to keep
the maximum input current draw from the mains power supply (as well as from a car battery)
limited.
Only the charge power of output 1 is limited because of the minor importance of the current draw
of output 2 in comparison to output 1.
Hint: Because of the fact that both parameters (in 16.4.3 and 16.4.4) results in the same the
nextGeneration will work with those which leads to the lowest input current draw.
Caution: set the charge power so that the permissible continuous current of the mains power
supply is not exceeded.
(Note: if you are using one of our recommended mains power supplies listed in chapter
16.4.2 there is no need to reduce the power).
In any case it counts that the stated maximum current of the mains power supply must be
greater than or equal to the actual current drain of the nextGeneration.
29
For this reason the input current draw display is very helpful for establishing the primary current
drain (press 2 times <info> to switch into the „State Info nextGen.“ screen.
Safe operation of the nextGeneration from an AC/DC Power Supply may be effected by further
factors like ripple-voltage, continous power performance, compatibility with the frequency of the
voltage converter, adequately sized capacitors (an area where laboratory power supplies
sometimes show deficiencies) etc.
It is the responsibility of the operator to check the reliable function of the combination power supply
and charger. We can not be held liable for problems and damages resulting from unsuitable
combinations
16.5 Programm after PowerOnReset
When the charger is connected to a power source your charger starts with the last used program.
16.6 Fan output
(only with optional „nextConn“ module)
The configuration menu for the fan output „fan :“ is located in the parameter set 1 screen for the
charger „ParameterSet 1 nextGen“ (press <par> 1 time).
You can chose between „ON“ (= external fan switched on) or „OFF“.
The fan (not included in the kit of the nextConn module) can be used to cool hot batteries.
The fan output switches the car battery voltage with a load of up to 2 amps (The maximum current
draw of the blinking output plus the fan output is 3 amps together).
Hint: The internal fan can not be influenced by this parameter but it is temperature controlled by the
internal temperature of the nextGeneration.
16.7 Blinking light output
16.4.1 Although operation from a well stabilized Power Supply is possible, it is not recommended
due to the nextGeneration's high performance and its capability of energy re-transfer (in this
case into the power supply) which may cause damage to the power supply and/or the charger.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
(only with optional „nextConn“ module)
The configuration menu for the blinking light output „light:“ is located in the parameter set 1
screen for the charger „ParameterSet 1 nextGen“ (press <par> 1 time).
You can chose between „continON“ = light is continous on, „blinking“ = blinking light, oder „OFF“.
The light (not included in the kit of the nextConn module) can be used to signal the driver or the pilot
in far distance that the battery is fully charged or empty.
The blinking light output switches the car battery voltage with a load of up to 2 amps (The maximum
current draw of the blinking output plus the fan output is 3 amps together).
The signal output (and the buzzer) can be switched off by pressing the <+> key.
16.8 external Temperature sensor
A detailled description is given in chapter 14.1.
(only with optional „nextConn“ module)
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
30
16.9 Refresh
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
The owner’s name is secured by a password.
Refresh charging is supposed to get older, stored or intermittently used batteries faster up to speed
and is particularly suited for Rx- and Tx-battery maintenance.
It is possible to change the password independently of changing the owner’s name.
Refresh is turned off in "diode" charge modes. It is not possible to charge batteries with an
additional discharge protection diode in refresh mode.
When you are balancing Lithium batteries, Refresh mode is also switched off.
16.10 Owner's name
The owner’s name is displayed every time you connect the charger to a car battery. It can be
altered in device parameter menu 1 (press <par> once).
You can alter the name in the menu point “Name”. Press <enter>, and a screen appears which
shows the available character set (lines 1 - 5), with brief operating instructions in the centre (lines
6 - 7) and a line at the bottom showing the name to be changed (line 8, 21 characters).
Fig. 16.10 Name selection screen
1
!"#äöü°()*+,-./01234
2 56789:;<=>[email protected]
3 JKLMNOPQR
STUVWXYZ[\]^
JKLMNOPQRS
4 _`abcdefghijklmnopqrs
5 tuvwxyz{|}-àáèéíóúcÁÉ
6 <1>,<+>=character set
7 <2>name
select=<ent>
8 SchulzeElektronikGmbH
16.10.1 when you open the display, the inverse letter
indicator is located at the first character of line 8.
The indicator is moved within the name field by pressing
<l> and <r>.
16.10.2 If a character is to be changed, then the cursor
must be activated in the top half of the screen; this is
accomplished by pressing the <1> button (or optionally <+>
- see brief operating instructions in line 6).
The frame previously surrounding line 8 now encloses lines
1 - 5, and the inverse indicator is located at the same letter
in the character set (lines 1 - 5) as in line 7. You can move the indicator by pressing <l> and <r>.
To erase a character, press the <1> button to position the indicator on the space character at top
left (first character). Note: pressing the <par> button moves it to the last symbol in the character
set, but the “2” button switches the cursor range; see 16.10.4.
16.10.3 Once you have selected the appropriate symbol from the character set (lines 1 - 5), you
must press <enter> in the name (line 8) to accept it. The indicator now automatically moves
forward in the name by one character, and you can select the next symbol from the character set.
16.10.4 To conclude the name entry procedure you must again activate the cursor in the name field
by pressing the <2> button. The outer frame now changes back from the character set fields to
the name line. At this point you can provisionally accept the altered name input line by pressing
<enter>. However, you must correctly enter the password used until now before the name is
finally accepted, and the screen automatically requests you to do this. In the charger’s default
state the eight-character password is “keyword ”.
16.10.5 The eight-character password is displayed in the name line (line 8). When you enter the
password, the last line always reads “keyword <PasswordEnter”. If you have not yet changed
the default password, you simply need to press <enter> (and then change the password as
quickly as possible - see Chapter 16.11). Basically you have to replace the word “keyword ” with
your own password, working letter by letter; the procedure is identical to the one for entering the
user’s name, as described in the preceding Chapter 16.10.x.
31
16.11 Changing the Password
The Refresh option is only available for output 1 and can be chosen in the battery one parameter
set (press <1> then select "refr.:").
We do not take part in advertisement myths: A healthy battery will not become fuller than full. Using
refresh you probably will not detect any increase in capacity or any decrease in internal resistance on properly maintained batteries.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
The software automatically requests this password every time the owner’s name is changed.
16.11.1 In the charger’s default state the password is “keyword ”. This password name is always
suggested in the name line 8 (even if you have your own password), and this should be changed
as soon as possible to avoid the danger of other users changing your name in the device. The
nextGeneration expects a name with a length of eight characters (the space character at the end
also counts as a character). It differentiates between capitals and lower-case letters, and also
accepts numerals and special characters.
Please take care to remember the name you have entered. If you forget your password, we can
restore it at the factory, but only on condition that you prove to us that you are the legal owner of
the device sent to us.
16.11.2 The password can be changed in device parameter menu 1 (press <par> once). You can
alter the name in the menu point “Password”. Press <enter>, and a screen appears which shows
the available character set (lines 1 - 5), with brief operating instructions in the centre (lines 6 - 7)
and a line at the bottom showing the password to be changed (line 8, 21 characters). The
procedure for changing the password is as described in Chapter 16.10.1 - 16.10.4; simply replace
the word “Name” with “Password”.
16.11.3 First you must enter the old password in order to legitimise the change of password. The
password line 8 “keyword <old password” informs you of this requirement.
16.11.4 The new password must now be entered for the first time.
The password line 8 “keyword <new password1” informs you of this requirement.
16.11.5 Now the new password must be entered a second time.
The password line 8 “keyword <new password2” again informs you of this.
16.12 Motor run-in program „Run-In“
As mentioned in chapter 6 the motor run-in program for
Battery 1 parameter screen Fig. 16.12
brushed motors has to be selected in the "bType:"
ParameterSet
battery1
menu.
bType
RunIn cells
0
bType®RunIn
cells®
The maximum motor current has to be set in „mCurr:“
prog.
fix_C cRate
1.0
prog.®fix_C
cRate®
the maximum motor voltage has to be set in „mVolt:“ mCurr
3.50A quan>
mCurr®3.50A
quan>® 3500
Depending on the resistance of the motor windings
eStrm®5.00A
time>® 1h30
eStrm
5.00A time>
and the rotational speed of the motor one of the two
cutOf
OFF temp>
OFF
cutOf®
temp>®
values is reached, the other is lower.
Diode®
mVolt®*4.0V
*4.0V Diode
NO
mVolt
The run-in duration can limited by two parameters: By
Refr.
OFF
®
Refr.®
„quan>“ and „time>“.
"time>" limits the run-in duration directly in minutes. The effect of "quan>" can be described as if
the run-in procedure stopps automatically when a battery with a given capacity is flat (empty).
There is another possibility to monitor the run-in procedure if the „nextConn“ module is buildt-in
(standard in the next-7.36-8 and -10.36-8): By means of the temperature sensor you are able to
monitor the motor temperature and turn out the motor voltage and motor current if the temperature exceeds the limit.
Hint: "temp>" shown in Fig. 16.12 only activates the temperature sensor and assigns it to battery output
1. The temperature itself must be set in the first device parameter set (press <par> one time).
16.13 Melody selection
(only with optional melody module)
The melody module is at present in the planning stage (Issue 2007).
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
32
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
17 Principle of the energy re-transfer functions (limits, warnings)
19 Additional sockets (side-mounted pin-board)
The charger is capable of feeding energy back into the car battery when a battery is being discharged; this works with battery voltages down to less than one Volt, and is achieved by operating the charger’s integral voltage converter so-to-speak “in reverse”. Since this method does not
convert the excess energy into heat (as is usual), discharge currents can be at the same level as
charge currents.
Nickel batteries are best stored in the discharged state, so you can feed energy back into the car
battery if your packs are not completely flat from flying or operating your model.
The discharge current starts at zero and increases until it reaches the selected maximum discharge
current, or the maximum discharge power of the nextGeneration.
If the voltage of the car battery or the mains PSU just reaches 15 V, this will also cause the
electronic load to be switched on initially, followed by an automatic reduction in the discharge
current if necessary in order to avoid the power supply voltage exceeding 15 V (screen displays
“A” before the current display on the graphic screen - see Chapter 15.2).
19.1 5 V-SIO (included in series)
18 Writing/reading the customer configurations
33
On the right side of the housing there is a four pin socket which is connected to the 5 volt serial
input/outputs to the internal microcontroller (5 V-SIO).
Our "prog-adapt-uni" fits to this socket and changes the 5 volt signals to the usually used
RS232 signal of the COM port of your PC - which is now able to receive the charge data or
discharge data of the nextGeneration charger.
Reception and evaluation of the data should be made by the "Akkusoft" program of Martin Adler.
This software allows to store the data in global or selective files, recall them and display them
graphically, compare curves, transform pack voltages in average cell values, show energy
figures, print curves (in color) and much more. A link to this program is located in the download
section of the Schulze homepage at "Evaluation Software".
19.2 „nextConn“ Plug-In PCB (optional available)
The nextGeneration can be expanded with 4 additional connectors by an additional printed circuit board.
19.2.1 USB connector (only with optional „nextConn“ module)
18.1 Retrieve configurations (read):
Press the <1> or <2> key, depending on the battery output you want to read the
parameters.
The configurations itself are located in the "bType:" menu.
In the "bType:" menu you have to press the <+> key until "read" appears.
After you had pressed <enter> you can select one of the configurations (see chapter
25).
Remark: In the (central) selection line the configuration number is replaced by the
name of the configuration or a „?“ if the configuration is empty or faulty.
With <enter> you replace the current parameter settings by the stored parameters.
This connection is equivalent to the functionality as described in chapter 19.1.
The USB connection replaces the 5 V-SIO, i.e. it can not used simultaneously with it..
As a rule it is possible to use the 5 V-SIO when the USB port is not connected to the PC.
18.2 Store configurations (write):
Press the <1> or <2> key, depending on the battery output settings you want to store.
The configurations itself are located in the "bType:" menu.
In the "bType:" menu you have to press the <+> key until "write" appears.
After you had pressed <enter> you can select one of the old configurations (see
chapter 25) to overwrite.
Remark: In the (central) selection line the configuration number is replaced by the
name of the configuration or a „?“ if the configuration is empty or faulty.
By pressing <enter> you confirm the number of the storage location.
The nextGeneration now expects the input and/or change of the name of the configuration by changing into the name input display.
Similar to the proceeding and display of the keyword input (chapter 16.11) the line 8
ends with the hint that you are just giving a name to a configuration with e.g. number 4
and battery output 2 („Ni.auD10<Config4[b2]“).
After the confirmation (by <enter> ) of the changed configurations name the current
configuration parameters are stored into the non volatile memory.
The light (not included in the kit of the nextConn module) can be used to signal the
driver or the pilot in far distance that the battery is fully charged or empty.
19.2.2 Temperature sensor (only with optional „nextConn“ module)
To connect the temperature sensor provided (LM335Z). A detailled description how
the nextGeneration has to be configured is given in chapter 14.1.
19.2.3 Blinking light output (only with optional „nextConn“ module)
To connect an ordinary car indicator bulb e. g.12V/25W (depends on the input voltage of the
nextGeneration) to the included cable.
The blinking ight output switches the car battery voltage with a load of up to 2 amps
(The maximum current draw of the blinking output plus the fan output is 3 amps together).
To turn off the light signal (and the buzzer) just press the <+> or <-> key.
The configuration menu for the blinking light output is located in the parameter set 1 screen for the
charger „ParameterSet 1 nextGen“ (press <par> 1 time) at „light:“ (see chapter 16.7).
You can chose between „continON“ = light is continous on, „blinking“ = blinking light, oder
„OFF“.
19.2.4 Fan output (only with optional „nextConn“ module)
To connect a fan (e. g. 12 volts / 2.6 watts (depends on the input voltage of the nextGeneration) to
the included cable. Note: the lead with the red stripe is "positive" (+).
The fan (not included in the kit of the nextConn module) can be used to cool hot
batteries.
The fan output switches the car battery voltage with a load of up to 2 amps (The
maximum current draw of the blinking output plus the fan output is 3 amps together).
The configuration menu for the fan output is located in the parameter set 1 screen for the charger
„ParameterSet 1 nextGen“ (press <par> 1 time) at „fan :“ (see chapter 16.6).
You can chose between „ON“ (= external fan switched on) or „OFF“.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
34
The nextGeneration is equipped with various protection and control circuits to monitor
car battery voltage, charger temperature, maximum performance etc.
Exceeding the limits will, in some cases, interrupt the charge (e.g. car battery overvoltage), the cause will be displayed and the buzzer will be activated for a short time.
The symbols < and > may be displayed. ‘>’ means bigger, ‘<‘ means smaller.
As error-messages with description and code #, like ‘warning # 5, car battery voltage =
min’ are self-explanatory, the table below should be sufficient. The first digit of the
code indicates the Output number where an error was detected.
1-99
100-999
Warnings without charge interrupt
Error, interrupt of all programs
Hint: All error- or warning-codes which begins (first digit) with "1" indicates that an error at
the output number 1 was detected e.t.c. All messages with a leading "9" indicates an
overload of the isl 8 itself.
Error text with code numbers for
pack 1,
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
35
TIME, Charge time exceeded
20 Protection circuits, error-messages and warnings
Code:
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
pack 2
If a battery charges for more than 3 hours, we cannot say, that this is quick-charging. If you use autoC
program and your battery is not full within 3 hours, autoC did calculate a wrong current (mostly when
you charge a receiver pack with the original charge leads).
For correct function of the automatic charge current selection a charge lead with 2.5 mm2 is mandatory. We recommend the use of a charge lead for the flight pack combined with a short (< 50mm)
adapter piece to connect your Rx-battery. The short lead of the Rx-battery normally will not affect the
performance, but no on-off switches with build-in charge sockets must be interconnected.
Disconnect Pack x
Error x77, Charge converter performance over maximum
Error x55, Battery voltage over maximum (e.g. > 50V on a 10 cell pack)
other nonsense errors
These and other unexplainable errors the charger may display, when ...
... connected to a car battery with an operating car battery charger.
... connected to an unsuitable Power Supply.
Keep in mind that due to a different environment or situation, even with time consuming tests it may not
be possible to find the cause of some error displays.
If there are no malfunctions you will still be charged for the time spent on testing!
Before you return the device for a check, test it several times connected to a full car battery to
ensure the problem has not been caused by reasons mentioned above.
Battery voltage below min.
11,
21
EMPTy or RPOL (reverse polarity) - Display during Ni-Cd-Program after about 30s.
Max. Battery voltage exceeded
13,
23
17/117,
27/227
Max. Charge current exceeded
161,
261
Max. Converter discharge current exceeded
162,
-----
To delete the memory-effect batteries may have been completely discharged down to 0V (not possible
with this device). The charging of these packs is possible, but up to a certain voltage a warning will be
displayed.
Attention: The warning mentioned above appears if the voltage does not rise fast enough. This could
be an indication of reversed polarity, if a completely discharged battery was incorrectly connected. It
may even get ‘reverse-charged’.
Hint: The nextGeneration can not detect reversed polarity if a pack is discharged to 0V. It will always
start a normal charge cycle, normally ending after 30s with the message reversed polarity (Rpol) or
deep discharged (EMPTy), if the battery has not reached a minimum voltage by then. For safety
reasons you may have to restart the charge program several times, e.g. when using high capacity
cells.
• With deep discharged batteries it may take up to ten minutes until the correct number of cells is
identified.
Wrong cell count of Lead- or Lithium battery
Max. Charge performance of converter exceeded
177,
277
Max. Discharge performance of converter exceeded
178,
-----
Max. Device input current (primary current) exceeded
961
Max. Device temperature exceeded
981
Car battery voltage exceeded
906
Car battery voltage at minimum
5
Car battery voltage below minimum
Charge -time /-quantity /-temperature /-voltage exceeded
904
TIME / QUAN / TEMP / Umax
Temperature sensor activated, but disconnected or broken lead
Toff
Some typical user errors will be listed in more detail, which we strongly recommend you
to read before sending the nextGeneration for a repair as you may simply avoid them:
Disconnect Packs
This message will be displayed if batteries are already connected to the charger while connecting it to a
power source. The device can not decide by itself whether to select a Ni-Cd- or a PB-program or if
Output 1 and 2 may be started uncontrolled. The same message will appear if hardware is defective
or if during the program the watchdog detects the microprocessor in a state not foreseen by the
software (e.g. due to external interference).
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
36
21 Important notes
• Charging leads are only to be connected to the appropriate Outputs.
• Cross wiring between Outputs may cause short circuits and damage the device
and the batteries (even may cause melting or explosion!).
• Transmitters are often protected against discharge by a diode. For quick charge this
feature needs to be disenabled (see Tx-Manual) or must be charged with the w.Diode
charge option (see CutOff menu).
To avoid possible damage inside the Tx, the charge current must not exceed 1.2A
(Graupner mc-18/20). Watch the charge current when using an automatic program.
The resistance of the printed circuit board may cause the microprocessor to select a
charge current too low for safe peak detection. When in doubt: Choose manual
selection.
Warning: with large-capacity batteries it is not possible to set a charge current of 1 C or
2 C as required for reliable Peak termination, and for this reason we strongly advise
you not to charge the transmitter battery in the transmitter!
• A common cause for insufficient charge currents in automatic mode are unsuitable
charge leads. The automatic charge current calculation is based on the measurement
of the internal resistance of the connected battery. The lower the internal resistance,
the higher the possible charge current.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
37
• During the measuring phases (a "!" appears between voltage and current figures),
some function keys are blocked. They are also inoperative when the charger has
noticed a drop in the charge voltage, so that peak detection will not be disturbed.
The cut-off automatic can be monitored: it takes several, closely followed voltage drops
before the charge on Output 1 is terminated. The voltage drops detected will appear as
a, b, ... between charge time and voltage values on the display and can be used as an
indication for the Full-probability.
With a full battery at this point a "t" indicating trickle-charge will be displayed. To keep
the battery full, (only) the Ni-Cd programs use a pulsed current.
• Safety Note: As a standard procedure you should check whether the charged capacity
after full indication is about what can be expected. This will allow you to identify any
premature full detections and may also avoid crashs due to only partly charged
batteries. The probabilities for premature full indications depend on several factors. It
happens most likely with deep discharged batteries, low cell numbers or certain battery
types.
• Especially on low cell numbers you should perform some test charges to verify correct
peak detection. Full batteries may become over-charged if the peak is not very pronounced.
• If an error (not a warning) appears, all current programs will be interrupted.
• It may take several seconds before the software detects the disconnection of a PBbattery. This is for technical reasons is to be considered normal.
As the charger can only measure the total resistance (internal resistance+ resistance of
the leads + resistance of the connectors), for correct calculation of the charge current it
is essential to keep the additional resistance at a minimum by using charging leads
with adequate cross sections (2.5mm2, also for Rx-batteries!), high quality (gold)
connectors, and a maximum length of 75 cm.
• You risk malfunctions and damage to the device, if...
... switches or fuses are used between charger and battery
... terminal clamps are replaced by others than 4mm gold connectors
... the device is operated while car engine is running and/or connected to the cigarette
lighter socket.
... an unsuitable Power Supply is used
When using thin charging leads and/or on-off switches with build-in charging sockets on
low voltage batteries, the additional resistance of the connectors and cables could be
higher than the actual battery resistance. In this case the automatic charge current
would be less than half of what it should be! In such cases manual current selection is
recommended. The microprocessor will also consider the condition of the cells when
calculation the charge current in automatic modes.
• Lead and Lithium battery charging and displays:
• Don’t be amazed if your battery packs seem to absorb lower currents in automatic
programs during the winter months - a cold cell does not perform like a warm one.
• If the charger technically can not provide the charge current manually selected or
automatically calculated (see example above, or e.g. 6.0A at 30 cells), a "*" will appear
between voltage and current values on the display. In this case the actual charge
current will be displayed.
When you connect a Lead or Lithium battery the current rises over a fairly long period
(around one minute per Ah of capacity or per Amp of current).
The phase when the charge current is rising is indicated by a flashing “plus” symbol
preceding the current value. If no “+” is displayed, the nominal charge current has
been reached, and will not rise any further.
A constant (non-flashing) asterisk (*) indicates that the maximum power of the charger
has been reached (charge voltage too low for the selected charge current, or voltage
too high for the selected current).
When you disconnect a fully charged lead battery it may take several seconds for the
software to detect that the battery is no longer present. This is a feature of the design,
and is normal.
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
38
Within the normal legal limits, our obligation to
provide compensation, for whatever legal reason,
is limited to the invoice value of that quan-tity of
product immediately involved in the event which
caused the damage. This does not apply if we are
obliged to accept unlimited liability in accordance
with mandatory law due to our deliberate or
serious negligence.
22.3 CE approval
All nextGeneration units satisfy all relevant and
mandatory EC directives:
These are the
EMF directive
39
23 Menu overview
22 Legal matters
22.1 Warranty
All nextGeneration chargers are carefully
checked and
tested before dispatch.
If you have a complaint, send the unit back to
us with a clear description of the fault.
A message such as "doesn't work properly"
or "software error" doesn't help us much!
Before you send your nextGeneration back
to us, please test the unit carefully, as it
costs us money to test a charger, and if it
turns out to be in working order we have to
recover those costs from you. In this case it
makes no difference whether the fully
functional charger is returned within the
warranty period or not. Approved warranty
claims are processed in accordance with our
currently valid General Conditions of
Business, which are printed in our catalogue.
One further note: if a problem arises with
any schulze product, send it directly to us
without interfering with it in any way.
This ensures that we can repair the unit
quickly, pick up warranty faults without any
dispute, and keep costs to a minimum.
You can also be sure that we will fit genuine
replacement parts which will work properly in
your unit. Unfortunately we have had bad
experience with third-party Service Centres
which claim technical competence. Note also
that any out-side interference with our
products invalidates the warranty (e.g. the
original pole clamps omitted or replaced).
Incompetent attempts at repair can cause
further damage. We often find it impossible
to estimate the repair cost of devices in such
condition, and in certain circumstances we are
then obliged to decline to repair it altogether.
22.2 Limited liability / compensation
We at Schulze Elektronik GmbH are unable
to monitor the observance of our assembly
and operation instructions, our prescribed
conditions and methods for installation,
connection, usage and maintenance of our
battery chargers. For this reason we cannot
accept liability for loss, damage or costs
which arise through the inappropriate use of
our products, or are connected in any way
with such use.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
89/336/EWG: 3.May 1989
+ additional changes up to 3. January 1994
The product has been tested to meet the following
basic technical standards:
Interference radiation:DIN EN 55014-1: 2003-09
Interfer. susceptibility: DIN EN 55014-2: 2002-08
You are the owner of a product whose design and
construction fulfil the safety aims of the EC for the
safe operation of devices.
The approval procedure includes a test of
interference radiation, i.e. of interference
generated by the charger. This charger has been
tested under practical conditions at maximum load
current and with a large number of cells, and
remains within the interference limits. A less
stringent test would be, for example, to measure
interference levels at a low charge current or with
only 7 cells, in which mode the voltage converter
would not be active. In such cases the charger
would not produce its maximum interfer-ence
level.
The procedure also includes a test of interfer-ence
susceptibility, i.e. the extent to which the charger
is vulnerable to interference from other devices.
The test involves subjecting the charger to RF
signals similar to those produced by an RC
transmitter or a radio telephone.
Note:
If you encounter problems in using this device,
please carry out the measures described in
Chapter 13 and 14 before you decide that it is
defective.
Power-On screen (Fig. 23.1):
It shows the device type in line 1,
the softwareversion in line 3,
the owner's name in line 5 and
in the lines 7 and 8 the instructions to change to the
second menu language in the second language.
Hint:
If the first and second language ist not Your native
language you should check the Schulze homepage
or the USB-stick if your native language is available.
Hint:
When you press a <button> the screen changes:
<esc>
Initializes the change of the language.
Please follow the instructions of the following screen
Fig. 23.2.
Power-On screen Fig. 23.1
7.36-8 1
nextGeneration
2
V 1.00 english
3
Owner
4
Schulze Elektronik GmbH 5
6
Menüsprache
ändern
in 7
Sprache = deutsch <esc> 8
Changing language screen Fig. 23.2
Keep old language
language=english <esc>
Menüsprache ändern in
Sprache=deutsch
<ent>
<1> -> Fig. 23.3
Battery 1 curve screen (graphic screen).
Battery 1 curve screen Fig. 23.3
<2> (23.4, not shown)
Battery 2 curve screen (graphic screen).
Hint:
Operating the <info> key only leads to the state info
schreens below when the Power-On screen (23.1) or
a battery curve screen is (23.3 oder 23.4) displayed.
Cause: In all parameter screens the <info> key
works as <enter> button!
<info> -> Fig. 23.5
Battery operating state informations
Line 1: State of battery 1 (middle) and batt. 2 (right)
Line 2: Selected charge/discharge program. The "+"
und "-" signs in front/behind of the program info
shows the polarity of the milli-amp-hours listed
below (-> charge or discharge quantities).
Line 3-7: Column 1: Number of the cycle in this line.
Column 2: All charge or discharge quantities.
Column 3: Charge quantity of battery 1 and
(below) the inner resistance of battery pack 1 and 2
inclusively all connectors, leads and charge leads.
<info> (pressed again) -> Fig. 23.6
Device state information
The numerical values in the lines 5, 6 and 7 are
refreshed every second.
<info> (pressed again) -> back to Fig. 23.3 or 23.5 depends on the curve-screen which was shown
before <info> was pressed the first time.
0NiCd
00:00
2autCD (2.50A)
8V
ready
1
2V
0.00V b 1
0mAh a 2
t 3
t 4
1 5
6
2 7
t
8
State info 1 (battery 1 & 2) Fig. 23.5
state:
b1charg. .ready
progr
fix_C
+auto2CDcycl1
2483
2348
0
cycl2
123
0 RiB1=
317m™
RiB2=
0m™
capac.[mAh] batt1 batt2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
State info 2 (charger) Fig. 23.6
State info
nextGen.
Dev.Type:
next 7.36-8
Software Vers:
1.00
Device Number:
333
Input Voltage:
13.20V
Inp.Curr.Draw:
5.30A
TakenCapacity:
1.61Ah
Schulze Elektronik GmbH
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Fig. 23.7 Curve screen battery 1
1 5LiPo
00:00
2 3fixCD (3.50A)
3
8V
4
5
ready
6
7
1
8
2V
5
1234
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0.00V b
0mAh a
t
t
1
2
t
Fig. 23.9 Curve screen battery 2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
40
On the curve-screen of battery 1 (Fig. 23.7) you see:
In the first two lines of fig. 23.7 the most important
parameters of those parameters are displayed
which had been selected in the screen showed
below (Fig. 23.8).
A push on
<1> changes to the battery 1 parameter screen (fig.
23.8). If you press
<1> again, the screen changes back to fig. 23.7.
Fig. 23.8 Parameter screen battery 1
battery 1
ParameterSet
bType
bType® LiPo cells
cells® +B 5
prog3
fixCD cRate
* 1.0
prog3®fixCD
cRate®*
cCurr
3.50A quan>
cCurr®3.50A
quan>® 3500
dCurr
5.00A time>
dCurr®5.00A
time>® 1h30
OFF
cutOf
v-max temp>
temp>®
cutOf®v-max
delay
OFF
delay® 2min diode
diode®
refr.
OFF
®
refr.®
1 0NiMH
00:00
2
autoC (2.00A)
3
8V
4
5
ready
6
7
1
8
2V
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
0.00V b
0mAh a
t
t
2
2
t
Fig. 23.10 Parameter screen battery 2
battery 2
ParameterSet
bType
0
bType® NiMH cells
cells®
prog.
autoC cRate
prog.®autoC
cRate®
cCurr
2.00A quan>
cCurr®2.00A
quan>® 2000
time>
®
time>® 1h30
cutOf
sens. temp>
OFF
cutOf®sens.
temp>®
OFF
delay
diode®
delay® 7min diode
®
®
Fig. 23.11 charge quantity selection b.2
1 Param. Selection batt2
2 ChargeCapacity
cutOff
3
+--------+
4
|
2.2 Ah| + change
5
-->
2.0 Ah<-- value
6
|
1.8 Ah| - change
7
+--------+
8 to abort press
<esc>
Hint re fig. 23.7:
On the left side of the line 1 the cell count (5) of
the LiPo battery pack, in line 2 the selected
program (fixCD) is displayed with the selected
cycle count (3) in front of the program type.
If a balancing cable is connected to the one row
balancing socket then the balancing display (1234
and 5) appears at the bottom of the screen.
The "ready" display does not go out as long as the
charging cable is not plugged in. (Hint: Active
balancers are shown in reverse video e.g. 12345).
Because of the connected balancing cable the
correct cell count is known and displayed -> which
can not be changed any longer manually in the
parameter screen. For this reason the cell count is
crossed out in fig. 23.8!
When a 3.2 Ah battery with a correctly configured
Schulze balancing cable would be connected, the
current display of 3.50 A would change the current
which is given by the resistor value (3200 Ohm ->
3.2 A) multiplied by the selected C-rate (in this
case 1.0!). These current value is not crossed out
so that you can choose another current manually.
If the curve screen of battery 2 (Fig. 23.9) a push on
<2> changes to fig. 23.10, the parameter screen of
battery 2. If you press again key
<2>, the screen changes back to 23.9 (curve screen).
Hint:
You also can press <1> and <2> alternately.
Depending on the screen which is just displayed,
the screens alternate between battery 1 <-> 2
curve screens or between battery 1 <-> 2 parameter screens.
If you press <enter> when the cursorbox in the
parameter screen fig. 23.10 is placed beside
„quan>“ and the parameter „value“ in fig. 23.13 is
selected to „tabular“ then the fig. 23.11 appears.
Otherwise the parameter screen with the +/column cursor opens (fig. 23.16 on the next
page).
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
After having pressed
<par> the first of two device parameter sets is shown
fig. 23.12. following parameters can be selected:
23.12.2 le: external fan off/on (*)
23.12.3 le: external "full"-light (off/flashing/on) (*)
23.12.4 le: "full"-buzzer off/on.
23.12.5 le: Display background illumination off/on.
23.12.6 le: Charge quantity limit is also valid for
discharging (Coupling off/on)
23.12.7 le: Changing owners name (see fig. 23.15)
23.12.2 ri: max. primary current (supply current)
23.12.3 ri: max. charge power
23.12.4 ri: under voltage warning limit car battery
23.12.5 ri: Cut-off temperature limit for the external
temperature sensor (*). Hint: The sensor has to be
activated by assigning it to a battery output.
23.12.7 ri: Changing the pass word to enable the
change of the owners name (see fig. 23.15).
Another push on <par> leads to fig. 23.13.
23.13.2 le: Value selection via table (Fig. 23.11tabular) or numerical (digit by digit 3 modes - Fig. 23.16):
nuStrict: Values between 0-9 can be selected.
nuAround: 0 follows 9 or the other way round.
numCarry: neighbouring digits are also affected at a
run over of a digit (9->0 or 9->0).
Hint: When single digits are changed and the result is
an under- or overflow of the limit of the complete
value then the value is set to the max. or min. limit.
Hint: Only long tables can be adjusted digit by digit.
23.13.3 le: Charger starts working after connecting the
battery or starts manually after pressing the <+> key.
23.13.4 le: The balancing circuit works at „automat.“
with sliding precision: the higher the cell voltage the
closer the voltage deviation of the cells in the pack.
Values between 4 mV to 20 mV or OFF (no balancing
=> only voltage measuring) are allowed.
23.13.5/6/7 le: Fine tuning of the Li-discharge voltage limit.
23.13.8 le: free.
23.13.2 ri: Menus narrow ("small", fig. 23.13, all
parameters at a glance or "wide" (Fig. 23.14). This
menu changes automatically when reaching the first/last
value or after pressing <l> or <r>.
23.13.3 ri: Resetting the complete device and battery
parameter sets to standard values (does not affect
the values of the clients setups).
23.13.4 ri: Resetting of the capacity display of the car
battery which is shown on the info screen fig. 23.6.
23.13.5/6/7 ri: Fine tuning of the Li-charge voltage limit.
Bild 23.15: Description see chapter 16.10.
Bild 23.16: +/- cursor can be moved by pressing <l> and
<r>. Leading "zeros" show the possible digit count.
(*) NextConn module necessary!
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
41
Device parameter screen 1 Fig. 23.12
nextG
Parameter Set 1
fan
OFF curr>
* 16A
®
curr>®*
light
blink powr>
light®blink
powr>® 150W
buzzr
ON batt>
11*2V
buzzr®
batt>®11*2V
illum
ON temp>
*60°C
illum®
temp>®*60°C
dQuan
OFF
dQuan®
®
name ®>new<
>new< passw
>new<
passw®>new<
Schulze Elektronik GmbH
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Device parameter screen 2 Fig. 23.13
nextG
Parameter Set 2
value
tabul menu
small
value®tabul
menu®small
start
autom setTo
deflt
start®autom
setTo®deflt
balan
autom carBt
reset
balan®autom
carBt®reset
uLiPo
*3000 ULiPo
*4200
uLiPo®*3000
ULiPo®*4200
uLiIo
*2700 ULiIo
*4100
uLiIo®*2700
ULiIo®*4100
uLiFe
*2000 ULiFe
*3650
uLiFe®*2000
ULiFe®*3650
®
®
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Dev. parameter screen 2 wide Fig. 23.14
Parameter Satz 2 nextG
ValueSelectMode
tabul
ValueSelectMode®
Start release
® autom
BalancPrecision
BalancPrecision® autom
Uleer LiPo fein
fein® *3000
Uleer LiIo fein
fein® *2700
Uleer LiFe fein
fein® *2000
®
Name selection screen Fig. 23.15
!"#äöü°()*+,-./01234
56789:;<=>[email protected]
JKLMNOPQR
STUVWXYZ[\]^
JKLMNOPQRS
_`abcdefghijklmnopqrs
tuvwxyz{|}
<1>,<+>=character set
<2>name
select=<ent>
SchulzeElektronikGmbH
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Charge quantity selection b.2 Fig. 23.16
Param. Selection batt2
ChargeCapacity
cutOff
+--------+
|
+
| + change
--> 2000mAh<-- value
|
| - change
+--------+
to abort press
<esc>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
42
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
24 Standard ready-made configurations of version 8
For your own configurations space for 14 setups are available - which can be assigned alternatively
from the battery outputs 1 or 2. If you are in the menu for battery 1 you are not able to read setups
written by the battery 2 menu (or the other way round - the name of the configuration is crossed out).
We recommend to store setups for the battery 2 output from "behind" i.e. beginning with the last
(highest) setup number.
If you have your own ideas about configuration names, or if you wish to alter the order of the configurations, you can certainly do this exactly as you wish within the limits of the software's facilities. For
example, to copy a particular configuration to a different number, simply read in the configuration
with the old number, then store it under the new number. Only the name has to be altered.
# Outp.
1
1
2
1
3
1
4
1
5
1
6
1
7
1
8
1
9
1
10
11
12
13
14
2
2
2
2
2
Name
Po-C3Ah7
Po-C5Ah0
Po-CD3A2
MH-C3Ah6
MH-D3Ah6
MH-CD3A6
Cd-C2Ah4
Cd-D2Ah4
Pb-C7Ah0
B.Type
Li-Po
Li-Po
Li-Po
Ni-MH
Ni-MH
Ni-MH
Ni-Cd
Ni-Cd
Lead
Program
fix_C
fix_C
fix_C
autoC
autoD
autoCD
autoC
autoD
fix_C
Po-C3Ah2
Po-C2Ah0
Fe-C1Ah2
MH-C1Ah2
Cd-C1Ah2
Li-Po
Li-Po
Li-Po
Ni-MH
Ni-Cd
fix_C
fix_C
fix_C
autoC
autoC
cCurr [mA] dCurr
3700
(3700)
5000
(5000)
3200
(3200)
max.
(max.)
(max.)
max.
max.
max.
max.
(max.)
(max.)
max.
2500
(2500)
3000
2000
1200
3000
3000
-
Quant.
4000
5500
3600
5000
(5000)
5000
2800
(2800)
7000
Time
90
90
90
120
(120)
120
60
(60)
300
CutOff
v-max
v-max
v-max
sensitive
(sensit.)
sensitive
normal
(normal)
v-max
3600
2400
1600
1800
1800
100
90
90
120
60
v-max
v-max
v-max
v-max
v-max
Addition: All CombinationCycles, C-Rates, CellCounts (except nickel batteries) = 1;
Hint: Values in parenthesis are set but not used.
25 Standard setup charge-/discharge programs
Menu
Battery type ("bType")
Charge/discharge program ("prog.")
Charge current ("cCurr")
Discharge current ("dCurr")
Cut-off mode ("cutOf")
Cut-off delay ("delay")
Cell count ("cells")
Charge quantity limit ("quan>")
Charge time limit ("time>")
Temperature cut off limit ("temp>")
Discharge protection Diode ("diode")
Refresh (short discharge pulses) ("refr.")
Charger parameters:
Car battery minimum voltage
Temperature
Current / power (depends on type of charger)
Full / Empty Light Output
output 1
NiCd
autoC
3.00 A
3.00 A
normal
1 minute
0
4000 mAh
60 minutes
OFF
NO
OFF
output 2
NiCd
autoC
1.50 A
normal
1 minute
0
2000 mAh
60 minutes
OFF
NO
11.2 V
60 °C
maximum
Flashing light
Other parameters: All CombinationCycles, C-Rates, CellCounts (except nickel batteries) = 1; lithium-full/
empty-limits as stated in chapter 4 or shown in Fig. 7.5.2.
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
43
26 Data format PC interface
Data transfer rate:
9600 Baud, No Parity, 1 Stop-Bit, 1 Start-Bit
Data block - format without single cell voltage output (without balancer):
P:sssss:uuuuu:iiiiiVSttt (ASCII)
Data block - format with single cell voltage output (balancer cable is connected):
P:sssss:uuuuu:iiiiiVSttt;uuuZ1;uuuZ2;uuuZ3;uuuZ4;uuuZ5;uuuZ6;uuuZ7;uuuZ8;
Legend:
P
Pack-Output-No.
:
Separation sign
sssss
Time in seconds
:
Separation sign
uuuuu
Battery voltage in millivolt
:
Separation sign
iiiii
Current in milliampere
V[:,-]
Charge/discharge indicator
S[l,L,E,P,v...]
Charge-/Discharge program status
ttt[-, ,0..9]
Temperature (***)
;
Separation sign
uuuZ1
Voltage of cell 1 in millivolt
;
Separation sign
uuuZ2
Voltage of cell 2 in millivolt
;
Separation sign
...
;
Separation sign
uuuZ7
Voltage of cell 7 in millivolt
;
Separation sign
uuuZ8
Voltage of cell 8 in millivolt
;
Separation sign
Hints:
No leading zeros are displayed.
Not existing cells are displayed as „ 0“.
Commentary lines starts (as a rule) with a leading „* “
Commentary line: * PackOutputNo UsedProgram CellCount BatteryType
Re cell count:
Calculated cell count at nickel-batteries. Selected cell count at lead- and lithium-batteries.
(***) The display of the temperature:
When a temperature sensor is connected (nextConn-printed circuit board necessary) the
temperature of the connected temperature sensor is displayed in the format shown above - and is
also shown in the LC-display of the nextGen.
Otherwise the internal device temperature (measured near the cooling fins) is displayed.
The format changed into: tti, i.e. two temperature digits followed by an „i“ (means: „internal
temperature“).
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
44
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
27 PC interface connector 5V-SIO, look on the pins of the plug
1234
1 = Transmit*, 2 = Receive*, 3 = + 5V**, 4 = GND**
(*) Denomination at the internal µP; (**) via low-ohm resistor
28 Balancing connectors and measuring inputs
• It is important that only one battery is connected i.e. it is allowed to
use only one of the three balancing connectors at the same time.
• Avoid short circuits between the open pins when a battery is connected to one of the connectors!
--> In that case inadmissible high cross currents between the
connectors would damage the printed circuit board.
28.1 Pin assignment of the BalCab10
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
45
28.2 Pin assignment of the BalCab20
Pin assignment of the 20-pin balancing cable of the Schulze BalCab20-Set or of the
BalCab20-Verl for the Schulze LiPoPerfekt battery packs up to 14 cells.
Cable colour
brown
orange
green
lilac
white
brown
orange
green
lilac
white
Assignment
battery - (-cell1)
cell type
charge curr.(2)
‘+’ cell 13
‘+’ cell 11
‘+’ cell 9
‘+’ cell 7
‘+’ cell 5
‘+’ cell 3
‘+’ cell 1
Pin
20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
Coding
Pin
19
17
15
13
11
9
7
5
3
1
Assignment Cable colour
battery +
red
charge curr.(1)
yellow
‘+’ 14 resp. batt.+ blue
‘+’ cell 12
grey
‘+’ cell 10
black
‘+’ cell 8
red
‘+’ cell 6
yellow
‘+’ cell 4
blue
‘+’ cell 2
grey
‘-’ cell 1 (battery -) black
Hint:
A detailled description of the pinout and the mounting instructions are
enclosed in the balancer cable kits (-Set).
Pin assignment of the 10-pin balancing cable of the Schulze BalCab10-Set or of the
BalCab10-Verl for the Schulze LiPoPerfekt battery packs up to 4 cells.
Pin assignment BalCab10 e.g. on the balancer plug of the LiPoCard
Cable colour
brown
orange
green
lilac
white
Assignment Pin
battery +
10
cell type
8
charge curr.(2) 6
charge curr.(1) 4
battery 2
Coding
Pin
9
7
5
3
1
Assignment
Cable colour
‘+’ batt. (‘+’ last cell: 1,2,3 or 4) red
‘+’ cell 3 (no connect at 2s pack)yellow
‘+’ cell 2 (no connect at 1s pack) blue
‘+’ cell 1
grey
‘-’ cell 1 (battery -)
black
Hint:
A detailled description of the pinout and the mounting instructions are
enclosed in the balancer cable kits (-Set).
28.1.1 Schulze BalCab10Set
Balancer cable kit for
fitting to existing battery
packs.
10-pin, for two to four cells
in series.
28.1.2 BalCab10-Verl
Ready-made balancer
cable for connecting
Schulze LiPoPerfekt
battery packs.
10-pin, for two to four cells
in series.
The principle of connection
of Schulze Balancers
(cell arrangement as the storeys in
a high-rise building)
+ cell 8 (eighth storey) = + battery
+ cell 7 (seventh storey) = - cell 8
+ cell 6 (sixth storey) = - cell 7
+ cell 5 (fifth storey)
= - cell 6
+ cell 4 (fourth storey) = - cell 5
+ cell 3 (third storey) = - cell 4
+ cell 2 (second storey) = - cell 3
+ cell 1 (first storey)
= - cell 2
- cell 1 (ground floor) = earth = - battery
28.2.1 BalCab20-Set
Balancer cable kit for fitting to existing battery
packs.
20-pin, for two to fourteen cells in series.
28.2.2 BalCab20-Verl
Ready-made balancer cable for connecting
Schulze LiPoPerfekt battery packs.
20-pin, for two to fourteen cells in series.
28.3 Pin assignment of the 9-pin universal socket
Balancing In-/Output for 2-5 cells (next 6.30-5) or for 2-8 cells (next 7.36-8 or 10.36-8).
Voltage measuring inputs for 1-8 cells on all devices.
‘+ 8’ = +cell 8* and measuring input 8
‘+ 7’ = +cell 7* and measuring input 7
‘+ 6’ = +cell 6* and measuring input 6
‘+ 5’ = +cell 5 and measuring input 5
‘+ 4’ = +cell 4 and measuring input 4
‘+ 3’ = +cell 3 and measuring input 3
‘+ 2’ = +cell 2 and measuring input 2
‘+ 1’ = +cell 1 and measuring input 1
‘-’ cell 1 (neg. battery, GND) = Pin 1
of the (2,54 mm pitch) pin row.
[*] balancing not available for cell 6-8
in the nextGen 6.30-5
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
46
Battery 1 output
29 Additional sockets on the right side
behind the cover plate on the right side
1: 5V-SIO (standard)%
2: Flashing light output (only with nextConn module)
3: External fan output (nextConn module only)
4: Temperature sensor input (nextConn module only)
5: USB in-/output (only with nextConn module)%
(%) Do not connect or use 1 and 5 at the same time!
1
+ 2
+ 3
5
4
+
30 Specifications
Common:
All data given is based on a car battery voltage of 12.5 volts
Recommended car battery 12V / bigger than 90 Ah, minimum 12 V / 63 Ah
Tolerances @ battery 1 currents: typical 5%; max. about 15% resp. 250mA (larger value counts)
Tolerances @ battery 2 currents: typical 5%; max. about 10% resp. 100mA (larger value counts)
next 6.30-5
Weight about
760
Dimensions (w*d*h) about
161 * 170 * 66
Supply voltage
10,0 - 25,0
Under-voltage warning adjustable ~ 11,6 - 10,4
- cut-off: volts lower ~
0,5
Supply current @12,0/13,8 V up to about 18/16
Max. input power up to about
220
Idle current about
100
+ display illumination (disconnectable) about 50
Fan (internal):
12V/1,1 W/32
Trickle currents Ni-Cd
pulses
Trickle currents other battery types
none
next 7.36-8
g
mm
V
V
V
A
W
mA
mA
dBa
810
161 * 170 * 66
10,0 - 25,0
11,6 - 10,4
0,5
26/23
315
100
50
12V/1,1 W/32
pulses
none
next 10.36-8
g
mm
V
V
V
A
W
mA
mA
dBa
830
161 * 170 * 66
10,0 - 15,0
11,6 - 10,4
0,5
28/25
340
100
50
12V/7W/55
pulses
none
g
mm
V
V
V
A
W
mA
mA
dBa
Additional connection terminals
Standard:
5 V-SIO
Numb. of cell voltage measuring inputs****
8
5 V-SIO
5 V-SIO
8
8
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
next 6.30-5
next 7.36-8
47
next 10.36-8
Ni-Cd/Ni-MH batteries:
Cell count (@ 1.65V / cell)
max. battery capacity Ni-Cd
max. battery capacity Ni-MH
Charge currents
Charge power @ 12V about
@ 1-24 V (~1-15 cells) about
@ 30 V (~18 cells) about
@ 40 V (~24 cells) about
@ 45 V (~27 cells) about
@ 50 V (~30 cells) about
@ 60 V (~36 cells) about
1* - 30
0.1 - 3
0.1 - 6
0.1 - 6
150
6.0
5.0
3.7
3.3
3.0
-.-
cells
Ah
Ah
A
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
1* - 36
0.1 - 3.5
0.1 - 7
0.1 -7
240
7.0
7.0
6.0
5.3
4.8
4.0
cells
Ah
Ah
A
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
1* - 36
0.1 - 5
0.1 - 10
0.1 - 10
240
10.0
8.0
6.0
5.3
4.8
4.0
cells
Ah
Ah
A
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
5
1 - 19
1 - 13
1 - 12
1 - 12
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
8
1 - 23
1 - 16
1 - 14
1 - 14
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
8
1 - 23
1 - 16
1 - 14
1 - 14
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
Lead/Li-Fe,Li-Ion,Li-Po batts.:
Power balancing circuits
Cell count lead batteries
Cell count Li-Fe batteries
Cell count Li-Ion batteries
Cell count Li-Po batteries
max. battery capacity
Discharge circuit:
Cell count (@ 1.30V / cell)
Discharge currents
Discharge power into the
flat car battery about
@ 1-24 V (~1-18 cells) about
@ 32 V (~24 cells) about
@ 36 V (~27 cells) about
@ 40 V (~30 cells) about
@ 49 V (~36 cells) about
@ 54 V (~40 cells) about
1 - 33 cells
0.1 - 6 A
150
6.0
4.7
4.2
3.7
-.-.-
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
1 - 40 cells
0.1 - 7 A
240
7.0
7.0
6.7
6.0
4.9
4.4
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
1 - 40 cells
0.1 - 10 A
240
10.0
7.5
6.7
6.0
4.9
4.4
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
max. dissipation power of the integrated discharge load => Discharge power @ discharge on a
power supply or fully charged
car battery up to about
50 W
50 W
100 W
Optional available for next 6.30-5, standard at next 6.30-5 plus, next 7.36-8, next 10.36-8:
1) USB connector
2) Tempereture sensor
3) Flashing light connector + cable
4) Fan connector + cable
Standard B
Sensor included ready for use
Resolution: 1 °C
cable about 2 m, flashing light not included
Voltage: Supply voltage of the charger, max. current 2,0*** A
cable about 2 m, fan not included
Voltage: Supply voltage of the charger, max. current 2,0*** A
Remarks
* Charging is possible from 1 cell and higher. However the „Delta-Peak“ cut-off automatic has to do
a hard job at low cell counts because the peak voltage of 1...3 cells is not very high.
** Input voltage of 13,8 volts or higher.
*** Flashing light current plus fan current added together = 3 amps max. current.
**** via balancing connectors
Battery 2 output
next 6.30-5
next 7.36-8
next 10.36-8
Ni-Cd/Ni-MH batteries:
Cell count (@ 1.5 V / cell)
Capacity Ni-Cd batteries about
Capacity Ni-MH batteries about
Charge current about
1* - 6
0.1 - 1.5
0.1 - 3.0
100 - 3000
cells
Ah
Ah
mA
1* - 6
0.1 - 1.5
0.1 - 3.0
100 - 3000
cells
Ah
Ah
mA
1* - 6
0.1 - 2.5
0.1 - 5.0
100 - 5000
cells
Ah
Ah
mA
1 - 4/5**
1-3
1 - 2/3**
1 - 2/3**
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
1 - 4/5**
1-3
1 - 2/3**
1 - 2/3**
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
1 - 4/5**
1-3
1 - 2/3**
1 - 2/3**
0.1 - unlimited
cells
cells
cells
cells
Ah
Lead/Li-Fe,Li-Ion,Li-Po batts.:
Cell count lead batteries
Cell count Li-Fe batteries
Cell count Li-Ion batteries
Cell count Li-Po batteries
max. battery capacity
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
31 Installing the
nextConn module
1
48
2
The next 6.30-5 is supplied as standard
without the nextConn module, but the
module can very easily be installed if
and when required, converting the unit
into the next 6.30-5 plus.
3
4
31.1 Opening the case
Undo the six cross-point screws (1 – 6)
and remove the bottom case section.
31.2 Installing the NextConn module
and the side panel insert
31.2.1 Remove the side panel (8) and
replace it with the new, perforated panel.
You may find that the side panel comes
away together with the bottom case
section.
31.2.2 Locate the ten holes in the
smooth underside of the nextConn
module (9) and position them directly
over the ten connector pins (7) mounted
on the large base circuit board. Don’t
use force! The nextConn module will
automatically (!) fall into place on the
base circuit board if correctly positioned.
Check that the two nylon screws engage
in the corresponding holes in the base
circuit board.
31.3 Pressing the nextConn module into
place
Press the nextConn module down firmly
as far as it will go, to ensure that the
connectors make good contact.
The tips of the connector pins (7) must
be exposed at the top of the ten-pin
socket (10).
5
6
31.1
31.2
7
8
12
9
31.3
10
11 7
8
31.4 Closing the case
Position the bottom case section accurately on the top case section, taking
care to engage the side panels correctly.
Re-fit the screws (1 – 6); take care not to
over-tighten them.
Note: the nextConn module is not
screwed to the base circuit board. Nevertheless, it is held in place securely by
the moulded-in supports (13 – 16) and
the two nylon screws (11 – 12) when the
case components are screwed together.
31.4
12
8
13
14
15
16
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
49
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
TS
TS-Trouble Shooting
Dear customer,
If your charger appears not to work as you expect it to, please run through the measures outlined
below step by step before assuming that it is faulty.
Only if you have completed all these checks, and the problem is still present, ring on our hotline for
technical advice. Even better, fill in the service questionnaire (next page) and send it by e-mail or
fax to us. We will then e-mail you back with advice.
From long years of experience with our battery chargers we know that most problems do not
arise if the points listed below are followed to the letter.
If we receive your charger but can find no fault with it ("no fault found") - which usually
means that the measures described below have been ignored - please note once again that
we incur costs in checking the unit, and that those costs are payable by you even if the
charger is within the warranty period.
1. Connect the charger to a fully charged car battery with a capacity of at least 60 Ah. Do not use a
mains-powered Power Supply Unit!
2. For the power supply to the charger use only the original cables and terminal clips. Connectors
such as wander plugs, car cigar lighter plugs etc. are not suitable! If you have made changes,
kindly restore the original cables and clips. Take care to produce sound soldered joints - no "solder blobs" or dry joints, please!
3. Charge cables for all batteries should have a conductor cross-section of 2.5 sq mm. The charger's automatic current setting circuitry is only capable of setting a suitable (i.e. high) charge current for your battery if the cable is of this cross-section. Give the automatic circuit a fair chance!
4. Just as important as the charge cables are the connectors attached to them. Use quality 4 mm
gold-contact connectors at the charger end.
Attention - faulty designs:
When 3.5 or 4 mm plugs(male) can be turned in the socket like a bearing, then the spring lamella
has an intermittent contact to the plugs core! The spring is/can not be pressed to the centre pin.
Don't use expensive wander plugs too. The wires will often loose their force (will be bended) after
a short time.
Your flight packs should already be fitted with gold-contact connectors. Sheet metal connectors are
completely unsuitable as their transfer resistance is high and they are prone to intermittent contact.
Furthermore be sure that your cables are well soldered to the plugs and sockets. Do not fasten
with screws.
5. If you observe Points 3) and 4) and connect a discharged battery to the charger, the fully automatic charge mode should set a current of at least 1C, usually as much as 2C, after about 5 - 10
min-utes. If this is not the case, then the internal resistance of the battery is probably excessive.
In short, your battery has "had it", or is not suitable for rapid-charging.
6. Ensure that there are no defective cells in the battery pack. Bad cells usually heat up early in the
charge, and then cause the charger to switch off prematurely, and/or to set too low a charge current in automatic mode.
7. If a 2-3 hour charge time is exceeded in automatic mode, then something is wrong with your
charge cable, your connectors or your battery. Perhaps too small a cross-section in the charge
cable? Connectors not good-quality gold-contact types? Dry solder joints? Battery ready for the
bin, or not designed for rapid-charging?
Establish the reason! Attempting to alter the 3/4-hour time limit is not the way forward, as in most
cases a charge period of one hour already indicates that something is amiss. After 5 - 10 minutes
the automatic circuitry should have set a charge current of at least 1C!
8. Have you read the information in Chapter 2 (General remarks and precautions) of the operating
instructions and observed the recommendations?
nextGeneration Software version V 1.00 and higher
SQ-Service Questionaire
To: Schulze Elektronik GmbH
Fax-No. +49-6150-1306-99
or to: [email protected]
Operating
instructions
Issue 08.07, page
SQ
Your Address:
and
Telephone No.:
eMail Address:
Please complete every section. If a fault arises
please return this form with the unit!
Battery:
Your Information
Purpose (Transmitter, receiver, flight pack)
Manufacturer
No. of cells / voltage
Capacity
Type
Cells soldered or clipped
Charge cable connector
Charge cable:
Length
Cross-section
Charger connector
Power supply:
Fault with mains PSU power:
- PSU type
- Output voltage
- Maximum output current
Fault with car battery power:
- Nominal capacity, car battery
Charger:
Type
Software version (read out display after power on)
Charge output used
Charge program/Current if "fixed" selected
(Automatic mode:) max. charge current
(Automatic mode:) charge current at fault
Duration of charge
Battery temperature at termination
Error message
Description of fault: Charge output 1, 2 all in use?
Example
Transmitter
Sanyo
8 cells/9.6 volts
1700 mAh
1700SCE
welded
Barrel
Original<manufact>
0,5 m
0,14 sq-mm
Wander plug
yes
NT-16A
13.5 V
16 A
no
45 Ah
next 7.36-8
V 1.03
battery 1
autoC or x,xx A
0.83A
0.25A
133 min
30°C
# 41
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement