Apple | PowerBook G4 15-inch | User`s guide | Apple PowerBook G4 15-inch User`s guide

Apple PowerBook G4 15-inch User`s guide
PowerBook G4 15-inch
User’s Guide
Includes setup, expansion, and
troubleshooting information for
your PowerBook G4 computer
K Apple Computer, Inc.
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1
Contents
Chapter 1
5
6
12
14
16
17
18
Getting Started
Setting Up Your PowerBook
Basic Features of Your PowerBook
Additional Features of Your PowerBook
Putting Your PowerBook to Sleep or Shutting It Down
Calibrating Your Battery
Getting More Information
Chapter 2
19
20
21
22
23
24
24
25
26
26
27
27
27
28
28
30
30
30
Getting to Know Your PowerBook
Adjusting Your Display
Using Your Power Adapter
Using the Trackpad
Using the Keyboard
Using a Mouse
Learning About Mac OS X
Customizing Your Desktop and Setting Your Preferences
Getting Answers Using Mac Help
Using Applications
When an Application Does Not Respond
Connecting to a Network
Using the Internet
Keeping Your Software Up to Date
Connecting to a Printer
Playing a CD and Connecting Headphones
Connecting a Camera or Other FireWire or USB Device
Transferring Files to Another Computer
Chapter 3
33
34
36
38
39
40
Using Your PowerBook
Using Universal Serial Bus (USB) Devices
Connecting With FireWire
Using PC Cards
Understanding AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking
Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology
3
43
44
44
47
47
51
51
55
Connecting With Ethernet (10/100/1000Base-T)
Using Your Modem
Using External Video Support (DVI, VGA, and S-Video)
Connecting Speakers and Other Audio Devices
Using Your SuperDrive
Understanding Sudden Motion Sensor
Using Your Battery
Securing Your PowerBook
Chapter 4
57
58
62
Adding Memory to Your PowerBook
Installing Additional Memory
Making Sure Your PowerBook Recognizes the New Memory
Chapter 5
63
63
65
67
69
69
69
Troubleshooting
Problems That Prevent You From Using Your Computer
Other Problems
Reinstalling the Software That Came With Your Computer
Using Apple Hardware Test
Installing Xcode Tools
Locating Your Product Serial Number
Appendix A
71
Specifications
Appendix B
73
73
74
75
76
76
77
78
Safety, Use, and Care Information
Safety Instructions for Setting Up and Using Your Computer
Using Your PowerBook
Understanding General Safety Instructions
Handling the Battery
Avoiding Hearing Damage
Understanding Ergonomics
Apple and the Environment
Appendix C
79
81
82
82
84
89
93
Connecting to the Internet
Gathering the Information You Need
Entering Your Information
Connecting With a Dial-Up Modem
Connecting With DSL, Cable Modem, or LAN
Configuring Your AirPort Extreme Wireless Connection
Troubleshooting Your Connection
Appendix D
95
Top Ten Questions
99
Communications Regulation Information
Index
4
105
Contents
1
1
Getting Started
Your PowerBook is a full-featured notebook computer.
Your PowerBook includes the following components:
®
DVI-to-VGA adapter
S-video-to-composite adapter
AC plug
Phone cord
Power adapter
AC cord
Important: Read all the installation instructions and safety information (see “Safety,
Use, and Care Information” on page 73) carefully before you plug your computer in to a
wall socket.
5
Setting Up Your PowerBook
Your PowerBook is designed so that you can set it up quickly and start using it right
away. The following pages take you through the setup process, including these tasks:
 Plugging in the power adapter
 Connecting the cables
 Turning on your PowerBook
 Configuring a user account and other settings using Setup Assistant
Step 1: Plug In the Power Adapter
If there is protective film around the power adapter, remove it before setting up your
PowerBook.
m Insert the AC plug of your power adapter into an outlet and the power adapter plug
into the PowerBook power adapter port.
AC plug
Important: Make sure the AC plug is fully inserted into the power adapter and the
electrical prongs on your AC plug are in their completely extended position before you
plug the adapter in to the outlet.
AC plug
Power adapter plug
¯ Power adapter port
®
AC cord
To extend the reach of your power adapter, you can attach the AC cord. First, pull up on
the AC plug to remove it from the adapter, and then attach the included AC cord to the
adapter. Insert the other end into a wall outlet. For an illustration, see page 21.
6
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Step 2: Connect Your Cables
Next, for an Internet connection, connect your PowerBook to a phone line, DSL
modem, cable modem, or Ethernet network. If you’re connecting to a wireless AirPort
Extreme 802.11b or 802.11g network, you don’t need cables.
To connect to a phone line:
m Connect the phone cord from a wall jack to the internal modem port for a dial-up
connection.
Ethernet cord
W Internal modem port
®
Telephone cord
Telephone cord
Make sure you connect the internal modem to an analog phone line—the kind used
typically in homes.
Warning: Do not connect a digital phone line to the modem; the wrong type of line
could damage the modem. Contact your telephone service provider if you are unsure
whether you have a digital phone line.
For more information about your modem, see “Using Your Modem” on page 44.
For information about other types of connections, see Appendix C, “Connecting to the
Internet,” on page 79.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
7
To connect to a DSL or cable modem or an Ethernet network:
m Connect the cable to your DSL or cable modem as shown in the modem instructions,
or connect the Ethernet cord to the Ethernet hub or outlet. Then connect the other
end of the cord to the computer’s Ethernet port.
Ethernet cord
G Gigabit Ethernet
port (10/100/
1000 Base-T)
Telephone cord
®
Ethernet cord
Step 3: Turn On Your PowerBook
1 To turn on the PowerBook, press the power button (®).
When you turn on the computer, you should see the sleep indicator light turn on (and
stay on), and you should hear a tone.
® Power button
®
Sleep indicator light
8
Chapter 1 Getting Started
It takes the PowerBook a few moments to start up. After it starts up, the sleep indicator
light turns off, and Setup Assistant opens automatically.
Note: To start up your PowerBook, press the power button (®) only once briefly (up to
1 second). Do not continue to hold down or press the power button after the startup
tone or you might cause the computer to shut down again.
2 Use your PowerBook trackpad to select and move items on the screen, just like you use
a mouse with a desktop computer.
 To move the arrow pointer on the screen, slide your finger across the trackpad.
Important: Use only one finger on the trackpad to move the pointer. The trackpad is
designed to allow scrolling when you use two adjoining fingers and the scrolling
feature is turned on. See “Using the Trackpad” on page 22 for more information.
 To select, click, or double-click an item on the screen, use the trackpad button.
®
Trackpad
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Trackpad button
9
Problems Turning On the Computer?
Nothing happens when you press the power button (®).
 The battery might be drained. Make sure that you plugged the power adapter
firmly in to both the computer and a power source. The plug should light when
you plug it in to the computer.
 If the computer still doesn’t start up, see “Problems That Prevent You From Using
Your Computer” on page 63.
You see a picture of a disk or a folder with a blinking question mark.
 This icon usually means that the computer can’t find the system software on the
hard disk or any disks attached to the computer. Try restarting. Hold down the
power button (®) for 4 to 5 seconds until the computer turns off. Then press the
power button again. If the problem persists, you might need to reinstall the system
software. See “Reinstalling the Software That Came With Your Computer” on
page 67.
Step 4: Configuring With Setup Assistant
The first time you turn on your computer, Setup Assistant starts. Setup Assistant helps
you enter your Internet and email information and set up a user on your computer.
If you already have a Mac, Setup Assistant can help you automatically transfer files,
applications, and other information from your previous Mac to your new PowerBook.
To transfer information, make sure:
 Your other Mac has built-in FireWire and supports FireWire Target Disk Mode
 Your other Mac has Mac OS X v10.4 or later installed
 You have a standard 6-pin to 6-pin FireWire cable
Setup Assistant takes you through the process of transferring your information—just
follow the onscreen instructions. Transferring information to your PowerBook does not
affect the information on your other Mac. (If you set up partitions on the new
PowerBook, all information from the other Mac will be transferred to one partition.)
10
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Using Setup Assistant, you can transfer:
 User accounts, including preferences and email
 Network settings, so your new PowerBook is automatically set up to work with the
same network settings as your other Mac
 Files and folders on the hard disk and partitions. This gives you easy access to the
files and folders you used on your old Mac.
 The Applications folder, so most of the applications you used on your other Mac are
now on your new PowerBook. (You may need to reinstall some of the applications
you transfer.)
Important: Use caution when you transfer applications so that you don’t overwrite
later versions of the applications already installed on your PowerBook.
If you don’t intend to keep or use your other Mac, it’s best to deauthorize it from
playing music or spoken word files that you’ve purchased from the iTunes Music Store.
Deauthorizing a computer prevents any songs or audiobooks you’ve purchased from
being played by someone else and frees up another authorization for use (you can
have only five authorized computers at a time for an iTunes account).
If you don’t use Setup Assistant to transfer information when you first start up your
computer, you can do it later using Migration Assistant. Go to the Applications folder,
open Utilities, and double-click Migration Assistant.
Note: If you used Setup Assistant to transfer information from an older Macintosh and
you want to use Migration Assistant to transfer information from it again, make sure
FileVault is turned off on the older Macintosh. To turn off FileVault, open the Security
pane of System Preferences and click Turn Off FileVault. Follow the onscreen
instructions.
Setup Assistant can also take you through the process of setting up your computer to
connect to the Internet. For home users, Internet access requires an account with an
Internet service provider (ISP). Fees may apply. If you already have an Internet account,
see Appendix C, “Connecting to the Internet,” on page 79 for information you’ll need to
enter.
Congratulations, you’re up and running!
Chapter 1 Getting Started
11
Basic Features of Your PowerBook
AirPort Extreme/
Bluetooth
antenna window
AirPort Extreme/
Bluetooth
antenna window
Built-in speaker
(located under
speaker grille)
Microphone
® Power button
®
Function
key (Fn)
Built-in speaker
Sleep
indicator
light
Display
release button
Trackpad
button
— Mute
F1
¤ Brightness
controls
12
F2
F3
Slot-loading
optical drive
Media
Eject key
Video Mode
Toggle key
control
esc
Trackpad
F4
F5
- Volume
controls
Chapter 1 Getting Started
num
lock
F6
Num Lock
key
F7
F8
F9
F10
Keyboard illumination
controls
F11
F12
Standard
function keys
¤
Brightness controls
Increase or decrease the brightness of your PowerBook display.
—
Mute control
Mute the volume of the sound coming from the built-in speakers and headphone port.
-
Volume controls
Increase or decrease the volume of the sound coming from the speakers and headphone port.
Num Lock key
Activate the numeric keypad embedded in the PowerBook keyboard. When the numeric keypad is
activated, a green light glows on the key.
i
Video Mode Toggle key
Switch between dual-display mode (extending your desktop across the built-in and an external
display) and video-mirroring mode (presenting the same information on both the built-in and an
external display).
o
Keyboard illumination controls
Increase (o), decrease (ø), or turn off (O) the brightness of your keyboard illumination.
F11, F12
F11 is preset to open Exposé and F12 opens Dashboard.
C
Media Eject key
Press and hold this key to eject a disc.
Built-in stereo speakers
Listen to music, movies, games, and other multimedia files.
Microphone
Record sounds directly on your hard disk with this microphone (built in under the left speaker grille).
Function (Fn) key
Press and hold to activate customized actions assigned to the function keys (F1 to F12). To learn how
to customize function keys, choose Help > Mac Help and search for “function keys.”
Sleep indicator light
A white light pulsates when the PowerBook is in sleep. The light glows steadily for a short time when
you start up and shut down your PowerBook.
Display release button
Push to release your display and open your PowerBook.
Trackpad
Move the pointer on the PowerBook display with one finger on the trackpad; scroll with two fingers
on the trackpad. See “Using the Trackpad” on page 22 for more information about moving the pointer
and scrolling with the trackpad.
Slot-loading optical drive
Your optical drive can read and write to CDs and DVDs. See “Using Your SuperDrive” on page 47 for
details.
®
Power button
Turn your PowerBook on and off or put it to sleep.
Z
AirPort Extreme/Bluetooth antenna window
With an optional AirPort Extreme Base Station, AirPort Express, or other wireless access point, connect
to the Internet wirelessly. With Bluetooth® wireless technology, you can wirelessly connect to devices
such as mice, keyboards, and cell phones. For more information, see “Understanding AirPort Extreme
Wireless Networking” on page 39 and “Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology” on page 40.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
13
Additional Features of Your PowerBook
®
d USB 2.0
¯ Power
adapter port
f Headphone/
optical digital audio out port
port
W Internal
, Audio line in/optical
modem port
PC Card slot
digital audio in port
®
H FireWire
G Gigabit Ethernet port
(10/100/1000Base-T)
400 port
Security
slot
14
d USB 2.0 port
Chapter 1 Getting Started
H FireWire
800 port
Æ S-video
out port
£ DVI
port
¯
Power adapter port
Plug in the included power adapter to recharge your PowerBook battery.
W
Internal modem port
Connect a standard phone line directly to the internal modem.
d
Two Hi-Speed USB 2.0 (Universal Serial Bus) ports
Connect additional equipment to your PowerBook, such as printers, external storage devices, digital
cameras, modems, keyboards, and joysticks. (Compatible with standard USB devices.)
,
Audio line in/optical digital audio in port
Connect your PowerBook to a line-level microphone or digital audio equipment.
f
Headphone/optical digital audio out port
Connect external speakers, headphones, or digital audio equipment.
PC Card slot
Expand the capabilities of your PowerBook. Accepts Type I or Type II PC Card and CardBus formats.
Security slot
Protect your PowerBook from theft by connecting a security cable (sold separately).
H
Two FireWire ports
Connect high-speed external devices, such as digital videocameras, and external storage devices.
You can connect a standard 6-pin FireWire device directly to the FireWire 400 port, or you can use a
9-to-6-pin FireWire cable to connect the device to the FireWire 800 port. You can also directly connect
a 9-pin FireWire device to the FireWire 800 port.
G
Gigabit Ethernet port (10/100/1000Base-T)
Connect to a high-speed 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet network or connect to another computer and
transfer files. The Ethernet port auto-sensing feature detects other Ethernet devices and doesn’t
require an Ethernet crossover cable in order to connect.
Æ
TV out (S-video out) port
Connect your PowerBook to a television, VCR, or other video device. You can use the TV out port for
presentations or to play a DVD-Video on your television.
£
DVI (external monitor) port
Connect to an external monitor or projection device that uses a DVI connector, or use the included
DVI-to-VGA adapter to connect a VGA monitor.
For additional information about these features, see Chapter 3, “Using Your PowerBook,”
on page 33.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
15
Putting Your PowerBook to Sleep or Shutting It Down
When you finish working with your PowerBook, you can put it to sleep or shut it down.
Putting Your PowerBook to Sleep
If you will be away from your PowerBook for only a short time, put the computer to
sleep. When the computer is in sleep, you can quickly wake it and bypass the startup
process.
To put the computer to sleep, do one of the following:
m Close the display.
m Choose Apple () > Sleep from the menu bar.
m Press the power button (®) and click Sleep in the dialog that appears.
Warning: Wait a few seconds until the white sleep light on the display latch starts
pulsating (indicating that the computer is in sleep and the hard disk has stopped
spinning) before you move your PowerBook. Moving your computer while the hard
disk is spinning can damage the hard disk, causing loss of data or the inability to start
up from the hard disk.
To wake the computer:
 If the display is closed, open it. Your PowerBook automatically wakes from sleep when
you open the display.
 If the display is already open, press the power button (®) or any key on the keyboard.
16
Chapter 1 Getting Started
Shutting Down Your PowerBook
If you aren’t going to use your PowerBook for a day or two, shut it down.
To shut down your computer, do one of the following:
m Choose Apple () > Shut Down from the menu bar.
m Press the power button (®) and click Shut Down in the dialog that appears.
The sleep indicator light goes on briefly during the shutdown process.
If you plan to store your PowerBook for an extended period of time, see “Storing Your
PowerBook” on page 74 for information about how to prevent your battery from
draining completely.
Calibrating Your Battery
To get the longest running time from your battery, calibrate it sometime during the
first week you have your PowerBook and repeat these steps occasionally to keep your
battery functioning at its fullest capacity.
To calibrate your battery:
1 Plug in the power adapter and fully charge your PowerBook battery until the light on
the power adapter plug changes to green and the onscreen meter in the menu bar
indicates that the battery is fully charged.
2 Allow the battery to rest in the fully charged state for two hours or longer. You may use
your computer during this time as long as the adapter is plugged in.
3 Disconnect the power adapter with the PowerBook on and start running it from the
battery. You may use your computer during this time.
When your battery gets low, you will see the low battery warning dialog on the screen.
4 Continue to keep your computer turned on until it goes to sleep. Save all your work
and close all applications when the battery gets low and before the system goes to
sleep.
5 Turn off the computer or allow it to sleep for five hours or longer.
6 Connect the power adapter and leave it connected until the battery is fully charged
again.
Important: Repeat the calibration process occasionally to keep your battery fully
functioning.
Chapter 1 Getting Started
17
If you purchased additional batteries, follow the calibration procedure with the
additional batteries as well. For more information about your power adapter and
battery, see “Using Your Power Adapter” on page 21 and “Using Your Battery” on
page 51.
Getting More Information
For more information about your PowerBook, check out these resources:
 Learn the important basics about your PowerBook. Check out Chapter 2, “Getting to
Know Your PowerBook,” on page 19.
 Have fun trying out your computer’s applications and Internet features. Browse the
Welcome to Tiger booklet that came with your computer.
 If you’re unfamiliar with Mac OS X, open Mac Help and browse the information there.
For more information, see “Getting Answers Using Mac Help” on page 26.
 If you’re having a problem that prevents you from using your computer, see
Chapter 5, “Troubleshooting,” on page 63.
 Check out the top ten most commonly asked questions. See Appendix D, “Top Ten
Questions,” on page 95.
 For support information, user discussion boards, and the latest Apple software
downloads, go to www.apple.com/support.
 If you can’t find the answer to your question in these places, see the AppleCare
materials that came with your computer for information about contacting Apple.
18
Chapter 1 Getting Started
2
Getting to Know Your PowerBook
2
This chapter introduces important basics about your
PowerBook.
Because your PowerBook is so thin and light, you can take it with you to the office,
library, class, or wherever you work or play.
Whenever you stop using your PowerBook, wait a few moments to let the hard disk
and any optical disc (such as a CD or DVD) in your drive stop spinning before you
transport the computer. Avoid jostling or bumping your PowerBook while discs are
spinning.
Note: Your PowerBook uses Sudden Motion Sensor technology to help protect the
hard disk if the computer is dropped or experiences extreme vibration. See
“Understanding Sudden Motion Sensor” on page 51 for more information.
When you use your PowerBook or charge its battery, it is normal for the bottom of the
case to get warm. For prolonged use, place your PowerBook on a flat, stable surface.
The bottom of the case is raised slightly to allow airflow that keeps the unit within
normal operating temperatures.
As you get to know your new PowerBook, you might hear system sounds during
startup and when using your hard disk and optical drive. After the PowerBook runs for
some time, small fans might turn on to cool it, producing a faint sound. System sounds
such as these are part of the computer’s normal functioning.
For more safety instructions about handling and using your PowerBook in different
locations, make sure to see Appendix B, “Safety, Use, and Care Information,” on page 73.
19
Adjusting Your Display
After you begin working with your new PowerBook, you might need to adjust your
display so that the screen is easier to see. Use the keys labeled with the brightness
icon (¤) to adjust screen brightness.
¤ Brightness controls
Keyboard illumination
controls
®
To turn off the automatic display brightness feature:
m Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar. Open the Displays pane
and deselect the “Automatically adjust brightness as ambient light changes” checkbox.
Changing the Size of Images on the Screen
You can increase or decrease the size of images on your screen by switching from the
standard resolution to a scaled resolution. Your PowerBook has a 15.2-inch display
with a default resolution of 1440 x 960. You can use other resolutions, such as standard
1024 x 768, as well.
Use a standard resolution when mirroring your screen on an external monitor or when
using applications such as games or presentation software designed for a standard
resolution.
When you use a standard resolution, a black band appears on each side of the display.
If you do not want to see the black bands, you can choose a “stretched” version of the
resolution to stretch the image to cover the entire screen and eliminate the black
bands.
20
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
You can choose scaled resolutions in the Displays pane of System Preferences. When
you switch to a scaled resolution, items on the screen appear larger, making them
easier to see. Scaled resolutions might not be as sharp as the display’s default
resolution.
To adjust the resolution on your display:
m Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar. Open the Displays pane of
System Preferences.
To control your display settings using the Displays icon in the menu bar, click “Show
displays in menu bar.”
Using Your Power Adapter
Plugging in the power adapter provides AC power to the PowerBook and recharges the
computer’s battery.
Important: For optimal performance, use only the power adapter that came with your
computer, or purchase an additional 65W Apple Portable Power Adapter.
When you first connect your power adapter to your computer, an indicator light turns
on. An amber light indicates that the battery is being charged. A green light indicates
that the battery is fully charged. You can monitor the battery level using the Battery
icon in the menu bar or by checking the battery level indicator lights on the bottom of
the battery (see page 51).
To extend the reach of your power adapter, first pull the AC plug up to remove it from
the adapter. Attach the included AC cord to the adapter, and then insert the other end
into a wall outlet. The AC cord provides a grounded connection.
AC cord
AC plug
Warning: Make sure the power adapter is fully assembled before plugging it in to an
electrical outlet. If you’re using the AC plug with your power adapter, make sure the
two prongs are in their completely extended position before plugging in the adapter.
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
21
For best results, always connect your AC cord and use a grounded outlet when one is
available. Use only the AC cord that came with your power adapter. Make sure to push
the power plug snugly into the power adapter port on the computer to ensure it is
engaged and power is flowing to the computer. If the cord is plugged in properly, you
will see an indicator light on the end of the cord that plugs in to your PowerBook.
When disconnecting the power adapter from an outlet or from the computer, pull the
plug, not the cord. For safety instructions about using your power adapter, see
“Plugging In the Power Adapter” on page 73.
Using the Trackpad
How quickly the pointer moves onscreen is based on how quickly you move your
finger across the trackpad. To move the pointer a short distance, move your finger
slowly across the trackpad. The faster you move your finger, the farther the pointer
moves onscreen.
Tips for Using the Trackpad
For best results when using the trackpad, keep in mind these tips:
 Use only one finger, except when the scrolling feature is turned on and you want to
scroll.
 Do not use a pen or any other object.
 Keep your finger and the trackpad dry. If the trackpad becomes moist from
humidity or condensation, gently wipe it with a clean cloth before you use it.
 Never use any kind of cleaning solution on the trackpad.
For more information about using the trackpad, choose Help > Mac Help from the
menu bar at the top of the screen.
Instead of using the trackpad button, you can use your finger to click and double-click
directly on the trackpad. You can turn on this feature and other trackpad options in the
Keyboard & Mouse pane of System Preferences.
You can also scroll vertically and horizontally in a window that has scroll bars by
moving two adjoining fingers on the trackpad. This feature can be turned off or
adjusted in the Keyboard & Mouse pane of System Preferences.
Note: If you find that the pointer moves as you type because you accidentally brush
the trackpad, you can avoid this problem by selecting the “Ignore accidental trackpad
input” option in the Keyboard & Mouse pane of System Preferences.
22
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
Using the Keyboard
Your PowerBook keyboard has a numeric keypad incorporated in the standard
keyboard keys. Keys used for the numeric keypad have a smaller secondary label.
Num Lock key
Numeric keypad
ALS sensor
®
ALS sensor
To use the numeric keypad, press the Num Lock key. The Num Lock key glows green,
indicating that the keypad is active. When you finish using the keypad, press the Num
Lock key again to turn it off.
Important: If your keyboard doesn’t seem to be working correctly, check the Num Lock
key. When the numeric keypad is active, other keys and keyboard equivalents for menu
commands (such as x-Q to quit) are deactivated.
Your PowerBook is equipped with an illuminated keyboard and an ambient
light-sensing (ALS) system. The ALS sensors are located under the speaker grilles
and will automatically adjust the brightness of your display and keyboard illumination
according to the light available in your current environment. You can also adjust the
keyboard illumination using the F8, F9, and F10 keys.
Important: Even when the keyboard illumination feature is on, the keyboard
illuminates only in low-light situations.
You can turn off the keyboard illumination feature in the Keyboard & Mouse pane of
System Preferences or by pressing the F8 key.
Note: Exposé is preset to use the F9 and F10 keys, the same keys that adjust your
keyboard illumination. To use Exposé to manage your desktop windows, hold down the
Fn key and press F9 or F10, or open the Dashboard & Exposé pane in System
Preferences and choose different function keys to manage windows.
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
23
If you like to use keyboard shortcuts to work efficiently, choose Help > Mac Help from
the menu bar and search for “navigation shortcuts.” You’ll find a list of keyboard
shortcuts for many common procedures and applications.
Using a Mouse
If you have an Apple mouse with a USB connection, you can insert the USB connector
into the USB 2.0 port and use your mouse right away. If you have an Apple wireless
mouse, see “Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology” on page 40 for information about
connecting it. You can purchase a wireless or USB mouse from an Apple Authorized
Reseller or, if you prefer, from the online Apple Store at www.apple.com/store.
Learning About Mac OS X
Your computer comes with Mac OS X v10.4 “Tiger,” which includes Spotlight, an
improved search engine that automatically indexes all of your files; Dashboard, an
interface for putting handy “widgets” or mini-applications at your fingertips; Exposé,
which tiles and neatly displays all your open applications; and much more.
When you’re ready to learn more about Mac OS X and the award-winning iLife
applications that came with your computer, see the Welcome to Tiger booklet that came
with your PowerBook. Also open Mac Help by choosing Help > Mac Help from the
menu bar at the top of the screen and browse the information there. You’ll find plenty
of information for new users, experienced users, and people switching to the Mac. If
you experience any problems while using Mac OS X, see Chapter 5, “Troubleshooting,”
or Mac Help.
For information about the software applications compatible with Mac OS X or to read
more about Mac OS X, check the Apple website at www.apple.com/macosx.
Note: If you want to use Classic applications with your computer, you have to install a
version of Mac OS 9 that supports the Classic environment (see “Installing Mac OS 9”
on page 68). Mac OS 9 can’t be installed as the primary operating system on your
PowerBook, and you can’t start up your computer in Mac OS 9.
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Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
Customizing Your Desktop and Setting Your Preferences
You can quickly make your desktop look the way you want using System Preferences.
Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar.
Feel free to make changes and experiment with the following:
 Appearance: Select this preference pane to change the colors of buttons, menus,
windows, and highlight colors, among other options.
 Dashboard & Exposé: Select this preference pane to set active screen corners and
shortcuts for Dashboard, the desktop, your application windows, and all windows.
 Desktop & Screen Saver: Select this preference pane to change the background color
or pattern of your desktop, or change it to a photo or image you like. You can also
choose an eye-catching screen effect that will appear on your screen when the
computer is left idle.
 Dock: Select this preference pane to change the look, location, and behavior of your
Dock (the bar of icons at the bottom of the screen).
As you get to know your computer, explore the other system preferences. System
Preferences is your command center for most settings on your PowerBook. For more
information, open Mac Help and search for “System Preferences” or for the specific
preference pane you want to change.
Note: Because Apple frequently releases new versions and updates to its system
software, applications, and Internet sites, images shown in this book might be slightly
different from what you see on your screen.
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
25
Getting Answers Using Mac Help
Most of the information about using your Macintosh is available right on your
computer in Mac Help.
To access Mac Help:
1 Click the Finder icon in the Dock (the bar of icons at the bottom of the screen).
2 Choose Help > Mac Help (click the Help menu in the menu bar and choose Mac Help).
3 Click in the search field, type a question, and press Return on your keyboard.
Using Applications
Your PowerBook comes with software applications for sending email, surfing the
Internet, and chatting online. It also includes the iLife suite of applications for activities
such as organizing music and digital photos, making movies, and much more. For more
information about these applications, see the Welcome to Tiger booklet that came with
your computer.
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Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
When an Application Does Not Respond
On rare occasions, an application may “freeze” on the screen. Mac OS X provides a way
to quit a frozen application without restarting your computer. Quitting a frozen
application might allow you to save your work in other open applications.
To force an application to quit:
1 Press Command (x)-Option-Esc or choose Apple () > Force Quit from the menu bar.
The Force Quit Applications dialog appears with the application selected.
2 Click Force Quit.
The application quits, leaving all other applications open.
If you need to, you can also force the Classic environment to quit, which closes all
Classic applications. You can also restart the Finder from this dialog.
If you’re experiencing other problems with an application, see Chapter 5,
“Troubleshooting,” on page 63.
Connecting to a Network
If you want to connect your PowerBook to an Ethernet network or a wireless network,
see “Connecting With Ethernet (10/100/1000Base-T)” on page 43 and “Understanding
AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking” on page 39 for more information about setting
up an Ethernet or AirPort connection. Also open Mac Help and search for “Ethernet” or
“AirPort” for further help.
Using the Internet
During the initial setup, you learned how to connect to the Internet. If you need to
change to a different type of connection, such as DSL, cable modem, Ethernet local
area network (LAN), or AirPort Extreme network, you can find more information in
Appendix C, “Connecting to the Internet,” on page 79.
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
27
Keeping Your Software Up to Date
You can connect to the Internet and automatically download and install the latest free
software versions, drivers, and other enhancements from Apple.
When you are connected to the Internet, Software Update checks Apple’s Internet
servers to see if any updates are available for your computer. You can set your Mac to
check the Apple server periodically and download and install updated software.
To check for updated software:
1 Open System Preferences.
2 Click the Software Update icon and follow the directions on the screen.
 For more information, search for “Software Update” in Mac Help.
 For the latest information about Mac OS X, go to the Mac OS X website at
www.apple.com/macosx.
Connecting to a Printer
Follow the instructions that came with your printer to install the required software and
connect the printer. The drivers for most printers are built in to Mac OS X.
You can connect many printers with a USB cable; others require a network connection,
such as Ethernet. If you have an AirPort Express or AirPort Extreme Base Station, you
can connect a USB printer to the base station (instead of connecting it to your
computer) and print wirelessly. For more information about your USB ports, see “Using
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Devices” on page 34. For more information about a wireless
or network connection, see “Understanding AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking” on
page 39 and “Connecting With Ethernet (10/100/1000Base-T)” on page 43.
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Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
After you connect a USB or FireWire printer, your computer usually detects it
automatically and adds it to the list of available printers. You might need to know the
network name or address of printers connected to a network before you can print to
them. Use the Print & Fax pane of System Preferences to select your printer.
To set up a printer:
1 Open System Preferences and click the Print & Fax icon.
2 Click Printing and then click the Add button (+) to add a printer.
3 Select the printer you want to use, and then click Add.
4 Use the Add button (+) and Remove button (–) to choose the printers that appear in
the printer list.
Monitoring Printing
After you send a document to a printer, you can monitor printing, including deleting
your print job or putting it temporarily on hold. Click the printer icon in the Dock to
open the Printer window. For more information, choose Help > Mac Help and search
for “printing.”
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
29
Playing a CD and Connecting Headphones
You can use iTunes, an easy-to-use music player, to listen to your iTunes music and
CDs while you work. Insert a music CD in your optical drive and iTunes appears
automatically on the screen. You can listen to your music on the PowerBook internal
speakers or connect headphones with a minijack to the headphone port of your
PowerBook for private listening right away.
To learn more about iTunes:
m Open iTunes and choose Help >” iTunes and Music Store Help.”
Warning: Listening to audio at high volume over extended periods of time can
damage your hearing.
Connecting a Camera or Other FireWire or USB Device
If you have an iPod, iSight camera, digital camera, videocamera, scanner, or other
device that has a USB or FireWire connector, you can connect it to your PowerBook.
Follow the installation instructions that came with your device. For more information
about FireWire, see “Connecting With FireWire” on page 36. For more information
about USB, see “Using Universal Serial Bus (USB) Devices” on page 34.
Transferring Files to Another Computer
If you want to transfer files or documents to or from your PowerBook, there are several
ways of doing it.
 You can easily transfer files using Migration Assistant and a FireWire cable (sold
separately). You can also connect to another Mac using a FireWire cable and start up
your PowerBook G4 in FireWire Target Disk Mode. Your PowerBook appears as a hard
disk on the other computer and you can drag files to it. For information about using
FireWire to transfer files, see “Connecting Your PowerBook to Another Computer
Using FireWire” on page 37.
 If you have an external hard disk drive, flash drive, Zip drive, or other data storage
device that connects through a USB or FireWire cable, you can use it to transfer files.
 If you have an email connection, you can email your files to another computer.
 If you register for a .Mac account from Apple (fees apply), you can use it to transfer
files. With a .Mac account, you get an iDisk, which provides Internet space for backing
up and storing files so that other computers can access the files you transfer there.
 If the other computer has a recordable optical drive, you can transfer files that you
have recorded on a CD or DVD disc.
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Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
 If you connect your computer to a network using Ethernet, you can transfer files to
another computer on a network. You can access a server or another computer by
clicking Network in the Finder sidebar, or by choosing Go > Connect to Server from
the menu bar.
 You can create a small Ethernet network by connecting an Ethernet cable from your
PowerBook to another computer’s Ethernet port. After you’re connected, you can
transfer files directly from one computer to the other. For more information, open
Mac Help and search for “connecting two computers.”
 You can connect to an AirPort Extreme 802.11g or 802.11b wireless network to transfer
files. For more information, see “Understanding AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking”
on page 39.
 If you have access to devices that communicate using Bluetooth wireless technology,
you can transfer files to other Bluetooth equipped devices. For more information, see
“Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology” on page 40.
For general information about transferring files and documents, open Mac Help and
search for “transferring” or for the type of connection you need.
Chapter 2 Getting to Know Your PowerBook
31
3
Using Your PowerBook
3
Your PowerBook has many built-in features and connection
capabilities.
These include the following:
 Universal Serial Bus (USB) 2.0 ports for connecting additional equipment such as
printers, scanners, and other devices. See “Using Universal Serial Bus (USB) Devices”
on page 34.
 FireWire 400 and 800 ports for connecting high-speed equipment such as digital
videocameras and external hard drives. See “Connecting With FireWire” on page 36.
 A PC Card/CardBus slot. See “Using PC Cards” on page 38.
 Bluetooth wireless connectivity, AirPort Extreme wireless networking capability,
Ethernet networking capability, and a 56K modem for networking and
communications. See “Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology” on page 40,
“Understanding AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking” on page 39, and “Connecting
With Ethernet (10/100/1000Base-T)” on page 43.
 Audio line in/optical digital audio in port and headphone/optical digital audio out
port for connecting headphones, speakers, microphones, and digital audio
equipment. See “Connecting Speakers and Other Audio Devices” on page 47.
 DVI video output with included DVI-to-VGA adapter for using your PowerBook
with an external monitor or digital flat-panel display, including support for video
mirroring and extended desktop (dual-display) modes. Use the built-in S-video
support to display content on your television. See “Using External Video Support
(DVI, VGA, and S-Video)” on page 44.
 Sudden Motion Sensor technology that helps protect the internal hard disk if the
PowerBook is dropped or experiences severe vibration. See “Understanding Sudden
Motion Sensor” on page 51.
 A SuperDrive for playing and burning CDs and DVDs. See “Using Your SuperDrive” on
page 47.
 Security slot so that you can make sure your PowerBook stays where it should.
See “Securing Your PowerBook” on page 55.
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Using Universal Serial Bus (USB) Devices
Your PowerBook comes with two USB 2.0 ports (d), also referred to as Hi-Speed USB,
which you can use to connect many types of external devices, including printers,
scanners, digital cameras, game pads, joysticks, keyboards, and floppy disk drives. Your
USB 2.0 ports are compatible with earlier USB devices. In most cases, you can connect
and disconnect a USB device while the computer is running. After you connect the
device, it is ready to use. You don’t need to restart or reconfigure your computer.
®
To use a USB device with your computer, connect the device to the computer. Your
computer automatically detects newly connected devices and loads the correct
software to work with the device.
Note: If your PowerBook cannot find the correct software when you connect a USB
device, you can either install the software that came with the device or follow the
onscreen prompts to use the Internet to locate, download, and install the correct
software.
Understanding USB Devices and Battery Power
You can use USB devices, such as joysticks and keyboards, which are powered by the
PowerBook USB connection instead of a separate power adapter. However, these types
of USB devices can cause your PowerBook battery to become depleted faster. If you are
using the device for an extended period, it is a good idea to connect the PowerBook
power adapter.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Using Multiple USB Devices at the Same Time
You can purchase a USB hub to connect multiple USB devices to your computer. The
USB hub connects to an open USB port on your computer and provides additional USB
ports (usually four or seven). Hi-Speed hubs can support USB 2.0 Hi-Speed devices as
well as USB 1.1 compatible devices. USB 1.1 hubs don’t allow Hi-Speed USB devices to
operate at their maximum data speed. Some USB hubs have a power adapter and
should be plugged in to an outlet.
Note: If you are using a chain of USB devices and hubs, some USB devices may not
work when connected through a combination of USB 2.0 Hi-Speed hubs and USB 1.1
full-speed or low-speed hubs. For example, you might not see an external USB hard
disk on your desktop. To avoid this problem, do not connect USB devices with different
speeds together. Connect your Hi-Speed hub directly to your computer and connect
Hi-Speed devices to it. Connect a full-speed or low-speed hub to your computer
directly and connect similar speed devices to it.
®
USB hub
Getting More Information About USB
Additional information about USB is available in Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac Help in
the menu bar and search for “USB.” You can also find information about the Apple USB
website at www.apple.com/usb.
For information about USB devices available for your computer, check the Macintosh
Products Guide at www.apple.com/guide.
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
35
Connecting With FireWire
Your computer has one FireWire 400 and one FireWire 800 port (H). With FireWire, you
can easily connect and disconnect external high-speed devices—such as digital video
(DV) cameras and hard disks—without restarting your computer.
You can connect a standard 6-pin FireWire device directly to the FireWire 400 port (H).
You can use a 9-to-6-pin FireWire cable to connect the device to the FireWire 800 port
(H). You can also connect 9-pin FireWire devices directly to the FireWire 800 port, for
even faster connections. Both ports provide power to connected devices (so the
devices don’t need an additional power plug).
FireWire 400 port
(6-pin)
®
FireWire 800 port
(9-pin)
These are some of the things you can do with FireWire:
 Connect a DV camera and capture, transfer, and edit high-quality video directly on
your computer using video-editing software such as iMovie HD or Final Cut Express.
 Connect an Apple iSight camera and use the included iChat AV application to
videoconference with friends and family over a high-speed Internet connection.
 Connect an external FireWire hard disk drive and use it to back up data or transfer
files.
 Start up from an external FireWire hard disk. Connect an external FireWire hard disk
(with Mac OS X v10.4.3 installed on it), open the Startup Disk pane of System
Preferences, and click the FireWire hard disk. Restart your computer.
 Transfer files between your PowerBook and another FireWire-equipped computer
using FireWire Target Disk Mode. See “Connecting Your PowerBook to Another
Computer Using FireWire” on page 37 for more information.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Using FireWire Devices
To use a FireWire device with your computer, connect the device to the computer and
install any software that came with the device. Your computer automatically detects
newly connected devices.
Note: If your PowerBook cannot find the correct software when you connect a FireWire
device, you can either install the software that came with the device or follow the
onscreen prompts to use the Internet to locate, download, and install the correct
software.
Understanding FireWire Devices and Battery Power
You can use FireWire devices, such as certain external hard disks, which are powered by
the PowerBook FireWire connection instead of a separate power adapter. However,
these types of FireWire devices can cause your PowerBook battery to become depleted
faster. If you are using the device for an extended period, it is a good idea to connect
the PowerBook power adapter.
Note: The FireWire ports are designed to support power for FireWire devices (up to
7 watts maximum). You can connect multiple devices to each other and connect the
“daisy chain” of devices to the FireWire port on your computer, but only one device
should get power from the computer. The rest of the devices in the daisy chain should
be powered by separate power adapters. Connecting more than one FireWire device
that gets power from the port can cause problems. If a problem occurs, shut down the
computer, disconnect the FireWire devices, and restart your computer.
Connecting Your PowerBook to Another Computer Using FireWire
If you want to transfer files between your PowerBook and another FireWire-equipped
Macintosh computer, or you have a problem that prevents your computer from starting
up, you can use FireWire Target Disk Mode to connect to another computer. When you
start up your computer in FireWire Target Disk Mode, the other computer can access
your PowerBook as if it were an external hard disk.
Note: When using FireWire Target Disk Mode, it’s a good idea to connect your power
adapter to the PowerBook.
To connect your PowerBook to another computer in FireWire Target Disk Mode:
1 Make sure that your PowerBook is shut down.
2 Use a FireWire cable to connect your PowerBook to another FireWire-equipped
computer.
3 Start up your PowerBook and immediately hold down the T key.
Your PowerBook display shows the FireWire logo. The other computer’s display shows
the PowerBook internal hard disk icon. You can now drag and drop files between the
computers.
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
37
4 When you finish transferring files, drag the PowerBook hard disk icon to the Trash.
5 Press the power button (®) on the PowerBook to shut it down, and then disconnect
the FireWire cable.
Getting More Information About FireWire
Additional information about FireWire is available in Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac
Help in the Finder menu bar and search for “FireWire.” You can also find information on
the Apple FireWire website at www.apple.com/firewire.
Using PC Cards
You can expand your computer’s capabilities using the PC Card slot. You can connect
hard drives, compact Flash card readers, and more. Your PowerBook has one PC Card
slot that accepts Type I and Type II PCMCIA cards, including CardBus-format cards. You
can insert a PC Card when your computer is on, off, or in sleep.
®
PC Card slot
Eject button
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Inserting and Ejecting a PC Card
When inserting a PC Card, make sure the label is facing up and the card is level. You’ll
feel some resistance as you slide in the card. When the card is firmly seated in the slot,
it clicks into place and an icon appears on the desktop. You can eject a PC Card when
your computer is on or off, but not when it is in sleep.
To eject a PC Card:
1 If the computer is turned on, drag the card’s icon to the Trash.
2 Push the PC Card Eject button once to release the button.
3 Push the button again to eject the card.
4 Pull the card out of the slot and then push the Eject button again to set it flush against
the computer.
Getting More Information About PC Cards
For information about the PC Cards available for your PowerBook, check out the
Macintosh Products Guide at www.apple.com/guide.
Understanding AirPort Extreme Wireless Networking
Your PowerBook has AirPort Extreme technology installed. AirPort Extreme offers an
easy and affordable way to provide wireless Internet access anywhere in the home, at
work, or in the classroom. Instead of using traditional cables, AirPort Extreme uses
wireless local area network (LAN) technology to provide wireless communication
between multiple computers. Through a wireless network, you can set up access to the
Internet, transfer files, play multiplayer games, and more.
The AirPort Extreme technology on your PowerBook is compatible with the Apple
AirPort Extreme Base Station, AirPort Express, the original Apple AirPort Base Station,
and any 802.11b- or 802.11g-compliant products.
Note: Wireless Internet access requires AirPort Extreme technology, an 802.11b or
802.11g access point such as an AirPort Extreme Base Station, AirPort Express, or AirPort
Base Station, and Internet access (fees may apply). Some Internet service providers are
not currently compatible with AirPort. Range may vary with site conditions.
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
39
Getting Wireless Internet Access With AirPort Extreme
With AirPort Extreme, you set up a wireless connection to a device known as a base
station, which has a physical connection to the Internet. AirPort Extreme technology
works like a cordless phone. The AirPort Extreme technology in the computer makes a
wireless connection to the AirPort, AirPort Extreme, or AirPort Express base station,
which is connected to the phone line, a DSL or cable modem, or a local-area network
with Internet access.
AirPort Express
AC outlet
®
DSL or cable
modem
Connection to
the Internet
Getting More Information About AirPort Extreme
To purchase an AirPort Extreme Base Station or AirPort Express, contact your Apple
Authorized Reseller or go to the online Apple Store at www.apple.com/store.
Additional information about AirPort Extreme or AirPort Express is available in AirPort
Help. Choose Help > Mac Help, and then choose Library > AirPort Help from the Help
Viewer menu bar. You can also find information on the Apple AirPort website at
www.apple.com/airport or on the Apple Support website at www.apple.com/support.
Using Bluetooth Wireless Technology
Your PowerBook comes with Bluetooth wireless technology. With Bluetooth, you can
make short-range wireless connections between desktop and portable computers,
personal digital assistants (PDAs), mobile phones, camera phones, printers, digital
cameras, and wireless input devices, such as the Apple Wireless Keyboard and Apple
Wireless Mouse (available for purchase from the online Apple Store at
www.apple.com/store).
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Bluetooth wireless technology eliminates the need for many cables that traditionally
connect devices together. Bluetooth enabled devices can connect to each other
wirelessly at distances up to 33 feet (10 meters).
With Bluetooth wireless technology, you can do the following:
 Use your PowerBook to communicate with a compatible Bluetooth enabled mobile
phone. Your phone can act as a modem to connect you to a wireless service provider,
at speeds of up to 56 kilobits per second (kbit/s) or higher, so you can use your
mobile phone to access the Internet.
 Communicate with your handheld Bluetooth enabled PDA. Using iSync, you can
perform a hot sync operation without cables or send your business card or calendar
events directly to a colleague’s PDA.
 Exchange files between Bluetooth enabled computers and devices, even Mac to PC,
using the transfer utility. Apple still recommends the use of AirPort Extreme wireless
networking, however, for anything but the smallest files.
 Use a Bluetooth enabled wireless keyboard or mouse.
 Print to a Bluetooth enabled printer.
 Use a Bluetooth enabled headset.
Setting Up a Bluetooth Enabled Device
Before you can use a Bluetooth enabled device with your PowerBook, you need to set
up the device to work with your computer. After you set up the device, it is “paired”
with your computer, and you can see it in the Devices pane of Bluetooth preferences.
You must pair your computer with the device only once, and they remain paired until
you delete the pairing.
To set up a Bluetooth enabled device:
1 Choose Bluetooth status menu (◊) > Set up Bluetooth Device.
2 Follow the onscreen instructions for the type of device you want to set up.
Important: If the Bluetooth status menu (◊) is not in the menu bar, open System
Preferences and click Bluetooth. Click Settings and then select “Show Bluetooth status
in the menu bar.”
To delete a pairing with a Bluetooth enabled device:
1 Open System Preferences and click Bluetooth.
2 Click Devices and select the device from the list.
3 Click Delete.
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
41
Setting Up Bluetooth File Exchange
You can control how your computer handles files that are exchanged between it and
other Bluetooth enabled devices. You can choose a folder for the files you accept from
other devices, a folder for other devices to browse, and which applications to use to
open the files you accept.
To set up Bluetooth File Exchange:
1 Open System Preferences and click Bluetooth.
2 Click Sharing.
3 Select the On checkbox for Bluetooth File Exchange, and use the pop-up menus to
adjust the settings.
Note: Select the “Require pairing for security” checkbox to secure File Exchange
transactions and require password authentication before files can be transferred.
Sending a File to a Bluetooth Enabled Device
Your PowerBook can wirelessly send files to other Bluetooth enabled devices in
range of your computer. If your computer is not paired with the device you want to
send the file to, you might have to authenticate before you can send the file. If you
have already paired your computer with the device, you might not need to enter a
password again.
To send a file to a Bluetooth enabled device:
1 Choose Bluetooth status menu (◊) > Send File.
2 Select the file you want to send, and then click Send.
3 Choose a device from the Device list, and then click Send.
Note: If the device is not in the Device list, click Search. When the device is found, you
can add it to your Favorites list.
Use the File Exchange pane of Bluetooth preferences to set options for how your
computer handles files exchanged with other Bluetooth enabled devices.
Getting More Information About Bluetooth Wireless Technology
You can find out more about using Bluetooth wireless technology by opening the
Bluetooth File Exchange application (located in the Utilities folder within the
Applications folder) and choosing Help > Bluetooth Help. You can also find information
on the Apple Bluetooth website at www.apple.com/bluetooth.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Connecting With Ethernet (10/100/1000Base-T)
Your computer comes with built-in Ethernet networking capability, which you can use
to connect to a network or to a cable or DSL modem.
®
Connecting to a network gives you access to other computers. You might be able to
store and retrieve information; use network printers, modems, and email; or connect to
the Internet. You can use Ethernet to share files between two computers or set up a
small network. The Ethernet port on your PowerBook automatically detects other
Ethernet devices. You don’t need an Ethernet crossover cable when connecting to
other Ethernet devices.
 Use 2-pair category 3 (or higher) Ethernet cables to connect to a 10Base-T Ethernet
network.
 Use 2-pair category 5 (or higher) Ethernet cables to connect to a 100Base-T Ethernet
network.
 Use 4-pair category 5 (or higher) Ethernet cables to connect to a 1000Base-T Ethernet
network.
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
43
Getting More Information About Using Ethernet
Additional information, including setting up an Ethernet network and transferring files
using Ethernet, is available in Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac Help and search for
“Ethernet” or “network.”
For information about networking products you can use with your PowerBook, check
the Macintosh Products Guide at www.apple.com/guide.
Using Your Modem
Your computer comes with an Apple 56K v.92 modem installed. To connect the
modem, plug one end of the phone cord or RJ-11 cable in to the modem port on the
computer and the other end in to a standard RJ-11 telephone wall jack.
Make sure you connect the internal modem to an analog phone line—the kind
typically used in homes.
Warning: Do not connect a digital phone line to the modem as it could damage the
modem. Contact your telephone service provider if you are unsure whether you have
a digital phone line.
For information about how to establish an Internet connection, see Appendix C,
“Connecting to the Internet,” on page 79. More information about the internal modem
is also available in Mac Help.
Using External Video Support (DVI, VGA, and S-Video)
Your computer has an external monitor (DVI) port that allows you to directly connect a
display or projector with a DVI port. Use the included DVI-to-VGA adapter to connect
your PowerBook to monitors and projectors that have VGA connectors.
The TV out port (also known as an S-video out port) on your computer lets you connect
to a television, videocassette recorder (VCR), or video projection system using an
S-video cable. You can use TV out to display images on a television, record computer
images on a VCR, or play DVD-Video discs on your TV.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
If the device you want to connect has a composite port rather than an S-video port,
you can use the S-video-to-composite adapter that came with your PowerBook.
DVI port
®
S-video out port
When an external monitor or TV is connected, you can either have the same image
appear on both the internal display and the external monitor (known as video
mirroring) or use the external monitor to extend the size of the Mac OS desktop (known
as dual-display mode). By default, your PowerBook starts up in dual-display mode. Press
the F7 (i) key to switch between dual-display and video-mirroring modes.
If you want sound to come from the external display, such as a projector or TV, you
need to connect an audio cable from the computer’s headphone port (f ) to that
device.
Note: Because of the display limitations of most TVs, images displayed on the TV
screen will be of lower quality than those on the built-in display or an external monitor.
Connecting an External Display or Projector
To connect an external display or projector with a DVI connection to your computer:
1 Turn on the external display or projector.
2 Make sure the display cable is connected to the external projector or display.
3 Connect the display cable to your PowerBook. Your PowerBook automatically detects
the external display.
4 Adjust the resolution on the external display by using the Displays pane of System
Preferences or the Displays icon in the menu bar.
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To connect an external display or projector with a VGA connection to
your computer:
1 Turn on the external display or projector.
2 Make sure the display cable is connected to the external projector or display.
3 Connect the DVI-to-VGA adapter that came with your PowerBook to the VGA connector
of the external display or projector, and then connect the adapter to your PowerBook.
Your PowerBook automatically detects the external display.
4 Adjust the resolution on the external display by using the Displays pane of System
Preferences or the Displays icon in the menu bar.
Using Your PowerBook With the Display Closed
You can use your PowerBook with the display closed if the computer is connected to
an external monitor, keyboard, and mouse.
Important: To use your PowerBook with the display closed, the power adapter must be
plugged in to the PowerBook and an outlet.
To operate your computer with an external monitor attached and the display closed:
1 Connect a USB keyboard and mouse to your PowerBook.
2 Connect the power adapter to the PowerBook and an outlet.
3 Close the PowerBook display to put the computer to sleep.
4 Follow the steps in the previous section to connect your PowerBook to an external
display.
5 Wait a few seconds and then press any key on the external keyboard to wake the
PowerBook.
Connecting a Television, VCR, or Other Video Device
To connect a TV, VCR, or other video device to the PowerBook:
1 Connect an S-video cable to the TV out port (Æ) on your PowerBook (or use the
S-video-to-composite adapter to connect a composite video cable) and connect the
other end to your device.
2 If you want to send the sound from your PowerBook to the device, connect a
miniplug-to-RCA cable (not included) from the headphone port (f ) on your
PowerBook to the audio input ports on your device.
3 Turn on the external device.
4 To detect the TV or other external device, hold down the Command (x) key and press
the F2 key.
5 To adjust how the images are displayed on the device, use the Displays pane of System
Preferences.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Connecting an Apple Flat-Panel Display
You can connect your PowerBook to an Apple flat-panel display. Depending on the
display used, the connection might require a DVI-to-ADC adapter, available from your
Apple Authorized Reseller, an Apple Store retail location, or the online Apple Store at
www.apple.com/store.
Getting More Information About Using an External Monitor or TV
Additional information about using and configuring an external monitor is available in
Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac Help from the menu bar and search for “monitor.”
Connecting Speakers and Other Audio Devices
Your PowerBook comes with two built-in speakers, a built-in microphone, an audio line
in/optical digital audio in port, and a headphone/optical digital audio out port (f ).
You can connect external speakers, headphones, 5.1 surround systems, and other
sound output devices to the headphone port (f ). The headphone port is also a S/PDIF
stereo 3.5 mini-phono jack. When devices are plugged in, sound won’t come through
your built-in speakers. Unplug any headphones or speakers to hear the computer
speakers.
You can record sound onto your hard disk using the built-in microphone located under
the left speaker grille. You can also connect external microphones or other audio
equipment to the audio line in port. The audio line in port is also a S/PDIF stereo 3.5
mini-phono jack, which does not provide power to a connected device, so you must
use self-powered peripherals. Using a Toslink jack-to-miniplug adapter, you can use a
Toslink cable to connect Digital Audio Tape (DAT) decks or digital instruments to input
and mix your own music.
For applications, such as iMovie, that can record sound, use the Sound pane of System
Preferences to select the audio input device you want to use, including microphones
connected through USB.
The volume controls on your keyboard allow you to easily change volume. You can also
access these controls from the Sound pane of System Preferences.
For more information about using or troubleshooting sound on your computer, choose
Help > Mac Help and search for “sound.”
Using Your SuperDrive
With your double-layer disc burning SuperDrive, you can:
 Install or use software from CDs or DVDs
 Play multimedia on CD discs and music from audio CDs
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47
 Write music, documents, and other digital files to CD-R and CD-RW discs
 Play DVD movies and use most DVD discs (single- and double-layer)
 Record information on blank single-layer DVD-R, DVD-RW, and DVD+RW discs; and
on single- and double-layer DVD+R discs
Important: The SuperDrive in your PowerBook supports standard circular 12 cm discs.
Irregularly shaped discs or discs smaller than 12 cm are not supported. Noncircular
discs can become lodged in the drive.
Note: If you ordered a PowerBook with a Combo drive, be aware that the drive can
perform all the functions of the SuperDrive, except record information on any type of
DVD disc.
Inserting a CD or DVD Disc
To install or use software from a CD or DVD disc:
1 With the computer turned on, insert the disc (with the label facing up) into the drive
slot until you feel the drive catch the disc and take it the rest of the way in.
You might need to insert the disc nearly all the way in before the drive takes it the rest
of the way. This is normal.
Note: Some DVD discs are two-sided. Your optical drive can read both sides of a
double-sided disc.
®
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
2 When the disc icon appears on the desktop, the disc is ready to use.
Ejecting a Disc
To eject a disc, do one of the following:
 Drag the disc icon to the Trash.
 Press and hold the Media Eject key (C) on the keyboard until the disc ejects.
Allow the disc to fully eject before removing or reinserting it.
If you can’t eject the disc, quit any applications that might be using the disc and try
again. If that doesn’t work, restart the computer while holding down the trackpad
button.
Playing DVDs
To play a DVD-Video disc on your PowerBook, insert the DVD. DVD Player opens
automatically. You’ll find DVD Player provides easy-to-use controls for starting,
stopping, and viewing DVDs.
If your PowerBook is connected to a TV so that you can watch a DVD-Video on the TV
screen, select 720 x 480 NTSC (in the United States) or 720 x 576 PAL (in Europe and
other regions) in the Displays pane of System Preferences.
You can easily connect your PowerBook to your stereo system. Use a miniplug-to-RCA
cable (not included) to connect the headphone port (f ) on your PowerBook to the
audio input ports on your stereo.
Recording CD-R and CD-RW Discs
Your PowerBook can record data to CD-R and CD-RW discs.
To record data on a CD-R or CD-RW disc:
1 Insert a blank disc into the optical drive.
2 In the dialog that appears, enter a name for the disc. An icon for the disc appears on
the desktop.
3 Drag files and folders to the disc icon.
4 Click the Burn Disc icon beside the disc name in the Finder sidebar.
You can also record music on CD-R or CD-RW discs right from your iTunes library.
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To record music from your iTunes library:
1 Click the iTunes icon in the Dock.
2 Select the playlist you want to record.
3 Insert a blank CD-R or CD-RW disc.
4 At the top of the iTunes window, click Burn CD.
Important: If your battery runs down when you are burning a CD, the burn can fail and
you will not be able to use the CD disc again. To prevent this, always use your power
adapter when burning a CD.
Recording Information on a DVD
You can record your own digital movies on a blank recordable DVD disc. You can also
record other kinds of digital data, such as backing up files onto a recordable DVD disc.
With applications like iDVD, you can create your own customized digital media project,
burn it on a blank recordable disc, and play it on most standard DVD players.
To burn an iDVD project onto a blank DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-RW, or DVD+RW disc:
1 Open iDVD and open your completed iDVD project.
2 Click the Burn button.
3 When prompted, insert a blank recordable DVD disc into the drive.
4 Click the Burn button again.
Note: The SuperDrive can read and record on both sides of a double-sided DVD+R disc.
To record data on DVD-R, DVD+R, DVD-RW, or DVD+RW discs:
1 Insert a blank recordable DVD disc into the drive.
2 In the dialog that appears, enter a name for the disc and select the format you want to
use.
3 Double-click the DVD icon that appears on your desktop, and then drag files and
folders to it.
4 Click the Burn Disc icon beside the disc name in the Finder sidebar.
For more information about how to use iDVD, open iDVD and choose Help > iDVD
Help.
Important: If your battery runs down when you are burning a DVD, the burn can fail
and the DVD disc will not be able to be used again. To prevent this, always use your
power adapter when burning a DVD.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
Getting More Information
For more information about DVD Player and iTunes, consult these resources:
 For instructions about using DVD Player, open DVD Player and choose Help > DVD
Player Help from the menu bar.
 For information about how to use iTunes to record music files on a CD-R or CD-RW
disc, choose Help > “iTunes and Music Store Help” from within iTunes.
Understanding Sudden Motion Sensor
Your PowerBook has Sudden Motion Sensor technology, built-in protection for the hard
disk that is designed to help prevent disk failures if the computer is dropped or
experiences severe vibration.
In general, Sudden Motion Sensor protection does not change hard disk performance
during regular PowerBook operation. Occasionally, unusually strong vibrations might
activate the Sudden Motion Sensor technology at a time when your PowerBook is
writing or reading data intensively (such as when playing or recording video or audio).
If you notice dropped frames or sound elements, make sure that your PowerBook is in a
stable environment without vibration or abrupt movement.
Using Your Battery
When the external power adapter is not connected, your computer draws power from
its battery. The length of time that you can run your PowerBook varies, depending on
the applications you use and external devices connected to your PowerBook. Turning
off features such as AirPort Extreme or Bluetooth wireless technology can help
conserve battery charge. For more information about using your battery, see
“Understanding Battery Conservation Tips” on page 54.
You can determine the charge left in your battery by looking at the battery level
indicator lights on the battery itself. Press the button next to the lights and the lights
glow to show how much charge is left in the battery. The indicator lights remain lit for
a few seconds after you press the button. You can check the charge with the battery in
or out of your PowerBook.
If your battery runs low while you are working, attach your power adapter and let the
battery recharge. Even if your computer is not connected to a power adapter, you can
quickly change batteries without shutting down or saving your work by putting your
PowerBook to sleep and replacing the battery with a charged one. Your PowerBook
provides enough power to maintain the contents of RAM for up to three minutes while
you change the battery.
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51
Note: If you have installed additional memory in your PowerBook, it may only provide
power for less than three minutes. Also, changing batteries several times in a short
period can further reduce this length of time.
Important: If only one flashing light is on, very little charge is left. If no lights are
visible, the battery is completely drained and the computer will not start up unless the
power adapter is connected. Plug in the power adapter to let the battery recharge, or
replace the drained battery with a fully charged battery (see page 52).
Battery LEDs
Battery
If the battery icon in the Finder menu bar is set to show the percentage of charge, you
might sometimes notice that the battery does not attain a full 100 percent charge
when the power adapter is attached. This is normal behavior; battery life is saved when
charging is not continuously cycled on and off when the battery’s charge capacity is
between 95 and 100 percent. When the battery level eventually drops below 95
percent, it will charge all the way to 100 percent.
Removing and Replacing the Battery
To remove the battery:
1 Shut down your PowerBook. Disconnect the power adapter, phone cord, and any other
cables connected to the PowerBook to prevent damaging the computer.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
2 Turn over the PowerBook and locate the battery latch. Use a coin to turn the latch one
quarter turn clockwise to unlock the battery, and gently remove it.
Latch
To replace the battery:
m Place the right side of the battery into the battery compartment. Gently press the left
side of the battery down until the battery latch locks.
Note: Dispose of batteries according to your local environmental laws and guidelines.
For more information, see “Disposal and Recycling Information” on page 100.
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Charging a Battery
When the power adapter that came with your computer is connected, the battery
recharges whether the computer is off, on, or in sleep. However, the battery recharges
more quickly if the computer is off or in sleep. When the PowerBook is on, you can
monitor the battery charge level using the Battery status icon in the menu bar.
The battery charge level displayed is based on the amount of power left in the battery
with the applications, peripheral devices, and system settings (display brightness,
Energy Saver settings, and so on) you are currently using. To make more battery power
available, close applications and disconnect peripheral devices not in use, and adjust
your Energy Saver settings (see the next section).
Understanding Battery Conservation Tips
The amount of work time your PowerBook battery can provide before you need to
recharge depends on the applications and peripheral devices you’re currently using
and the steps you take to conserve power while you work.
For the best conservation of battery power, do the following:
 Disconnect bus-powered USB or FireWire devices when they are not in use.
 Turn off AirPort or Bluetooth when they are not in use. (Use the AirPort and
Bluetooth status icons in the menu bar. If these icons don’t appear in the menu bar,
you can turn them on in the Network and Bluetooth panes of System Preferences.)
 Quit open applications that you are not using.
 Remove CD and DVD discs when they are not in use.
 Reduce screen brightness using the brightness controls on the PowerBook keyboard.
 Set the hard disk to spin down after a short time. In the Energy Saver pane of System
Preferences, select the “Put the hard disk to sleep when possible” option.
 Set your PowerBook to sleep after inactivity of five minutes or less.
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Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
 Your PowerBook is preset to automatically reduce its processing speed during
periods of light processing activity when using battery power, thus reducing power
usage. The setting that determines this is the Normal option in the Optimization
pop-up menu of the Energy Saver pane of System Preferences. During periods of
high processing activity, your computer will automatically switch to a higher
processing speed. To conserve the most battery life, choose Better Battery Life from
the Optimization pop-up menu. Be aware that choosing this option may affect your
computer’s performance. To set your computer to use its highest processing speed at
all times, choose Better Performance.
Getting More Information About Your PowerBook Battery
Additional information is available in Mac Help. Choose Help > Mac Help and search for
“battery.” You can also find information about extending the life of your battery at
www.apple.com/batteries/notebooks.html.
Securing Your PowerBook
You can purchase a security cable lock to protect your PowerBook. With a lock, you can
secure your computer to a desk or table.
®
Sample locking device
with security cable
Security slot
Getting More Information About Security Options
Additional information about the software security features of your PowerBook,
including multiple user passwords and file encryption, is available in Mac Help. Choose
Help > Mac Help and search for “security” or “multiple users.”
Chapter 3 Using Your PowerBook
55
4
Adding Memory
to Your PowerBook
4
This chapter provides information and instructions for
installing additional memory in your PowerBook.
Warning: Apple recommends that you have an Apple-certified technician install
memory. Consult the service and support information that came with your computer
for instructions on how to contact Apple for service. If you attempt to install memory
and damage your equipment, such damage is not covered by the limited warranty on
your computer.
Your computer comes with two memory slots, one above the other, that you access
from the bottom of the computer. Your computer comes with a minimum of 512
megabytes (MB) of 533 MHz Double Data Rate (DDR2) Synchronous Dynamic
Random-Access Memory (SDRAM) installed. Both memory slots can accept an SDRAM
module that meets the following specifications:
 Double Data Rate Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module (DDR SO-DIMM) format
 1.25 inch or smaller
 512 MB or 1 gigabyte (GB)
 200-pin
 PC2-4200 DDR2 533 MHz Type RAM
Note: Your computer processes data at the speed of 333 MHz.
Depending on the configuration of the PowerBook you purchased, both memory slots
might already be full.
The maximum amount of memory you can install in your PowerBook is 2 GB, using
1 GB DIMMs in both memory slots.
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Installing Additional Memory
Step 1: Removing the Battery
1 Shut down your PowerBook. Disconnect the power adapter, phone cord, and any other
cables connected to the computer.
2 Turn over the PowerBook and remove the battery by turning the latch a quarter turn.
Latch
ª
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Warning: The internal components of your PowerBook can be hot. If you have been
using your PowerBook, wait 10 minutes after shutting down to let the internal
components cool before continuing.
Chapter 4 Adding Memory to Your PowerBook
Step 2: Installing Memory
1 Using a Phillips size 00 screwdriver, unscrew the memory door and remove it from the
bottom of your computer.
2 Touch a metal surface inside the computer to discharge any static electricity from
your body.
3 If you already have a memory card installed in the slot, remove it. Spread the tabs in
the slot away from the notches in the memory card. The card should pop up slightly.
Lift the memory card to a 30-degree angle and then gently slide the card out of the
memory slot.
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59
4 Insert the new memory card into the slot at a 30-degree angle. Push the card to seat it
fully in the slot.
30O
5 Press down on the memory card to lock it in place. If the memory card does not latch,
do not force the card down. Try reinserting the card to make sure it is fully seated.
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Chapter 4 Adding Memory to Your PowerBook
6 Replace the memory door and screw it in place.
Note: To avoid damage, be careful not to overtighten the screws.
Step 3: Replacing the Battery
1 Place the left side of the battery in the battery compartment. Gently press the right
side of the battery down until the battery latch locks into place.
2 Reconnect the power adapter and any other cables that were attached.
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Making Sure Your PowerBook Recognizes the New Memory
After installing additional memory in your PowerBook, check whether the computer
recognizes the new memory.
To check the computer’s memory:
1 Start up your computer.
2 When you see the Mac OS desktop, choose Apple () > About This Mac.
Total memory installed in
your PowerBook
The total memory includes the amount of memory that originally came with the
computer plus the new memory you added. For a detailed breakdown of the amount
of memory installed in your computer, open System Profiler by clicking More Info.
If your computer doesn’t recognize the memory or it doesn’t start up correctly, shut
down your PowerBook and check the instructions again to make sure the memory you
installed is compatible with this PowerBook and that it is installed correctly. If you still
have problems, remove the memory and consult the support information that came
with the memory or contact the vendor who provided the memory.
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Chapter 4 Adding Memory to Your PowerBook
5
Troubleshooting
5
If you have a problem working with your PowerBook, check
here first for solutions and advice.
When you experience a problem working with your PowerBook, there is usually a
simple and quick solution. Be aware of the conditions that led up to the problem.
Making a note of things you did before the problem occurred will help you narrow
down possible causes and then find the answers you need.
Note the following:
 The applications you were using when the problem occurred. Problems that occur
only with a specific application might indicate that the application is not compatible
with the version of the Mac OS installed on your computer.
 Any software that you recently installed, especially software that added items to the
System folder. (Certain applications install extensions that might not be compatible
with the Classic environment.)
 Any new hardware that you installed, such as additional memory or a peripheral.
You can also find more troubleshooting information in Mac Help and on the Apple
Service & Support website at www.apple.com/support.
Problems That Prevent You From Using Your Computer
If the computer doesn’t respond or the pointer doesn’t move
 Press Command (x)-Option-Esc to force a frozen application to quit. If a dialog
appears, select the application you would like to quit and click Force Quit.
If you are working in the Classic environment, hold down the Option and Command
(x) keys, and then press the Esc key.
Next, save your work in any open applications and restart the computer to make sure
the problem is entirely cleared up.
 If you are unable to force the application to quit, press and hold the power button
(®) for a few seconds to shut down the computer.
63
 If the computer still doesn’t respond, try to restart it by simultaneously pressing the
Command (x) and Control keys on your keyboard and the power button (®).
If the problem occurs frequently, choose Help > Mac Help from the menu bar at the top
of the screen. Search for the word “freeze” to get help for instances when the computer
freezes or doesn’t respond.
If the problem occurs only when you use a particular application, check with the
application’s manufacturer to see if it is compatible with your computer. If you know an
application is compatible, you might need to reinstall your computer’s system software
or, if you’re using the Classic environment, you might need to check for incompatible
system extensions. See the instructions for using Disk Utility in the next topic.
If the computer freezes during startup or you see a flashing question mark
 Wait a few seconds. If the computer doesn’t start up after a delay, shut down your
computer by pressing and holding the power button (®) for about 5 seconds, until
the computer shuts down. Then hold down the Option key and press the power
button (®) again to start up your computer. When your computer starts up, click the
hard disk icon, and then click the right arrow. After the computer starts up, open
System Preferences and click Startup Disk. Select a local Mac OS X System folder.
 If that doesn’t work, try using Disk Utility to repair the disk by inserting the Mac OS X
Install Disc 1 into your computer. Then restart your computer and hold down the C
key as it starts up. Choose Installer > Open Disk Utility. When Disk Utility opens,
follow the instructions in the First Aid pane to see if the utility can repair your disk.
If using Disk Utility doesn’t work, you might need to reinstall your computer’s system
software. For instructions, see “Reinstalling the Software That Came With Your
Computer” on page 67.
If the computer won’t turn on or start up
 Make sure the power adapter is plugged in to the computer and in to a functioning
power outlet. Make sure to use the power adapter that came with your computer. If
the power adapter stops charging and you don’t see a light when you plug in the
power cord, try unplugging and replugging it to reset it.
 Check if your battery needs to be recharged. Press the small button on the battery.
You should see one to four lights indicating the battery’s level of charge. If only one
battery level indicator light is flashing, allow the power adapter to charge the battery
until at least one indicator light is glowing continuously.
 If the first two suggestions do not solve the problem, return the computer to its
factory settings by disconnecting the power adapter, removing the battery, and
holding down the power button (®) for at least 5 seconds.
 If you recently installed additional memory, make sure that it is correctly installed
and that it is compatible with your computer. See whether removing it allows the
computer to start up (see “Installing Additional Memory” on page 58).
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
 If you are still unable to start up your computer, see the service and support
information that came with your PowerBook for information about contacting Apple
for service.
If the display suddenly goes black or your system freezes
Try restarting your system.
1 Unplug any devices that are connected to your PowerBook except the power adapter.
2 Hold down the Command (x) and Control keys and press the power button (®) to
restart the system.
3 Let the battery charge to at least 10 percent before plugging in any external devices
and resuming your work.
To see how much the battery has recharged, look at the Battery status icon in the
menu bar.
Other Problems
If you forgot your password
You can reset your administrator password.
1 Insert your Mac OS X Install Disc 1. Then restart your computer and hold down the C
key as it starts up.
2 Choose Installer > Reset Password from the menu bar. Follow the instructions on the
screen.
If you have a problem with an application
 For problems with software from a manufacturer other than Apple, contact the
manufacturer. Software manufacturers often provide software updates on their
websites.
 You can configure your PowerBook to automatically check for and install the latest
Apple software using the Software Update pane of System Preferences. For more
information, choose Help > Mac Help from the menu bar and search for “Software
Update.”
If you have trouble using AirPort Extreme wireless communication
 Make sure you have properly configured the software according to the instructions
that came with your computer, base station, or in Mac Help.
 Make sure the computer or network you are trying to connect to is running and has
a wireless access point.
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65
 Make sure you are within antenna range of the other computer or the network’s
access point by checking the AirPort Extreme or AirPort Express signal level. Check
the AirPort status icon in the menu bar. Up to four bars appear to show signal
strength.
Nearby electronic devices or metal structures can interfere with wireless
communication and reduce this range. Repositioning or rotating the computer might
improve reception.
 See AirPort Help (choose Help > Mac Help, then choose Library > AirPort Help from
the menu bar) and the instructions that came with the wireless device for more
information.
If your computer’s hard disk is not recording data correctly
 In a few instances, if the hard disk undergoes unusually strong vibration, the Sudden
Motion Sensor might become active and cause dropped frames or unrecorded
portions of sound or data when the disk is recording intensively. If this occurs, make
sure that your PowerBook is in a stable environment without vibration or abrupt
movement.
If you have trouble ejecting a disc
 Quit any applications that might be using the disc and try again. If that doesn’t work,
restart the computer while holding down the trackpad button.
If you suspect a problem with your computer hardware
 You can use the Apple Hardware Test application to help determine if there is a
problem with one of your computer’s components, such as the memory or processor.
For more information about Apple Hardware Test, see “Using Apple Hardware Test” on
page 69.
If you have problems with your Internet connection
 Make sure your phone line or network cable is connected and functioning properly.
 If you are using a dial-up Internet connection, make sure that your phone cord is
plugged in to the modem port (W) and not the Ethernet port (G) on the computer.
 Open the Network pane of System Preferences and verify the information entered
there with your Internet service provider (ISP) or network administrator.
If you have a problem using your computer or working with the Mac OS
 If the answers to your questions are not in this manual, choose Help > Mac Help
from the menu bar and search for instructions and troubleshooting information.
 Check the Apple Support website at www.apple.com/support/powerbook for the
latest troubleshooting information and software updates.
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
Reinstalling the Software That Came With Your Computer
Use the software installation discs that came with your computer to reinstall Mac OS X
and any applications that came with your computer, as well as to install Mac OS 9
support for running the Classic environment (if you want to use Classic applications
with your computer).
Important: Apple recommends that you back up the data on your hard disk before
reinstalling software. Apple is not responsible for any lost data.
Installing Mac OS X and Applications
To install Mac OS X and the applications that came with your computer, follow
these steps:
1 Back up your essential files.
Because the Erase and Install option erases your destination disk, you should back up
your essential files before installing Mac OS X and other applications.
2 Make sure your power adapter is plugged in.
3 Insert the Mac OS X Install Disc 1 that came with your computer.
4 Double-click Install Mac OS X and Bundled Software.
5 Follow the onscreen instructions.
6 After selecting the destination disk for installation, continue following the onscreen
instructions. Your computer might restart and ask you to insert the next Mac OS X
installation disc.
Note: To restore Mac OS X on your computer to the original factory settings, click
Options in the Select a Destination pane of the Installer, and then select Erase and
Install.
After selecting the destination disk for installation, continue following the onscreen
instructions for a basic installation of Mac OS X. To install custom applications, click
Customize, click the triangle next to the application, and select the application that
matches your language.
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Installing Applications
To install just the applications that came with your computer, follow the steps below.
Your computer must have Mac OS X already installed.
1 Back up your essential files.
2 Make sure your power adapter is plugged in.
3 Insert the Mac OS X Install Disc 1 that came with your computer.
4 Double-click Install Bundled Software Only.
5 Follow the onscreen instructions.
6 After selecting the destination disk for installation, continue following the onscreen
instructions. Your computer might restart and ask you to insert the next Mac OS X
installation disc.
Note: To install iCal, iChat AV, iSync, iTunes, Safari, and the iLife applications, follow the
instructions in “Installing Mac OS X and Applications” on page 67. You might need to
insert the Mac OS X Disc 2, depending on the applications you select to install.
Installing Mac OS 9
Your PowerBook does not come with Mac OS 9 installed. To use Mac OS 9 applications
with your computer, you must install Mac OS 9 support for running the Classic
environment using the Mac OS X Install Disc 2.
Follow these steps to install Mac OS 9:
1 Back up your essential files.
2 Make sure your power adapter is plugged in.
3 Insert the Mac OS X Install Disc 2 that came with your computer.
4 Double-click Install Mac OS 9 System Support.
5 Follow the onscreen instructions.
6 After selecting the destination disk for installation, choose the language you want to
install, and follow the onscreen instructions to continue.
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Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
Using Apple Hardware Test
You can use Apple Hardware Test to help determine if there is a problem with your
computer’s hardware.
To use Apple Hardware Test:
1 Disconnect all external devices from your computer except the power adapter.
If you have an Ethernet cable connected, disconnect it.
2 Insert the Mac OS X Install Disc 1 that came with your computer.
3 Restart your computer and hold down the Option key as it starts up.
A list of available startup volumes appears.
4 Click Apple Hardware Test and click the right arrow.
5 When the Apple Hardware Test main screen appears after about 45 seconds, follow the
onscreen instructions.
6 If Apple Hardware Test detects a problem, it displays an error code. Make a note of the
error code before pursuing support options. If Apple Hardware Test does not detect a
hardware failure, the problem might be software related.
For more information about Apple Hardware Test, see the Apple Hardware Test Read
Me file on the Mac OS X Install Disc 1.
Installing Xcode Tools
To install just the Xcode Tools, which are intended for software developers to use,
follow these steps:
1 Insert the Mac OS X Install Disc 1 that came with your computer.
2 Double-click Xcode Tools.
3 Double-click XcodeTools.mpkg.
4 Follow the onscreen instructions.
Locating Your Product Serial Number
You can see your computer’s serial number by choosing Apple () > About This Mac
and then clicking the More Info button, or by opening System Profiler (in Applications/
Utilities) and clicking Hardware. The serial number for your PowerBook is also located in
the battery bay. For more information about removing the battery, see “Removing and
Replacing the Battery” on page 52.
Chapter 5 Troubleshooting
69
Specifications
A
Appendix
A
You can use System Profiler to find out detailed information
about your PowerBook, such as the amount of built-in
memory, hard disk size, devices connected, and the product
serial number.
To access the information in System Profiler, choose Apple () > About This Mac
from the menu bar and then click More Info, or open System Profiler, located in
Applications/Utilities.
Click the triangles in the
window to show and
hide information in the
different categories.
Operating Environment
 Operating temperature: 50° F to 95° F (10° C to 35° C)
 Altitude: 3048 m (10,000 ft.) maximum
 Relative humidity: 0% to 90% noncondensing
71
Power Adapter
 Input: AC 100–240 volts (V), 50/60 hertz (Hz)
 Output: DC 24.5 V, 2.65 A
Battery
 Output: DC 10.8 V
 Capacity: 50 WHr
 Additional information is available on the Internet at www.apple.com/powerbook
and www.apple.com/support.
72
Appendix A Specifications
Safety, Use, and Care Information
B
Appendix
B
Read this important PowerBook safety and maintenance
information.
Safety Instructions for Setting Up and Using Your Computer
Be aware of the following safety tips and warnings as you work with your PowerBook.
Plugging In the Power Adapter
Always leave space around your power adapter. Do not use this equipment in a
location where airflow around the power adapter or computer is confined. For best
results, always connect your AC cord and use a grounded outlet when one is available.
Always disconnect the power adapter and remove the battery before opening the
computer to perform procedures such as installing memory.
Warning: Use only the power adapter that came with your PowerBook computer.
Adapters for other electronic devices (including other PowerBook models and other
portable computers) might look similar, but they can negatively affect your
computer’s performance or damage your computer.
Connecting a Phone Line to the Internal Modem
Always disconnect the phone cord before opening the computer to perform
procedures such as installing memory or removing the hard disk.
Warning: Do not connect a digital phone line to the modem; the wrong type of line
could damage the modem. Contact your telephone service provider if you are unsure
whether you have a digital phone line.
73
Using Connectors and Ports
Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port don’t join with
reasonable ease, they probably don’t match. Make sure that the connector matches the
port and that you have positioned the connector correctly in relation to the port.
Using Your PowerBook
When you’re using your PowerBook or charging the battery, it is normal for the bottom
of the case to get warm. For prolonged use, place your PowerBook on a flat, stable
surface. The bottom of the PowerBook case functions as a cooling surface that transfers
heat from inside the computer to the cooler air outside. The bottom of the case is
raised slightly to allow airflow that keeps the unit within normal operating
temperatures. In addition, the computer vents warm air from the back of the case.
Warning: Do not place your PowerBook on a pillow or other soft material when it is
on, as the material can block the airflow vents, in particular the rear vents, and cause
the computer to overheat. Never place anything over your keyboard before closing
the display. This can cause your computer to cycle on and off which might create
excessive heat and drain your battery. Never turn on your computer unless all of its
internal and external parts are in place. Operating the computer when it is open or
missing parts can be dangerous and can damage your computer.
Carrying Your PowerBook
If you carry your PowerBook in a bag or briefcase, make sure that there are no loose
items (such as paper clips or coins) that could accidentally get inside the computer
through an opening such as the optical drive slot.
Storing Your PowerBook
If you are going to store your PowerBook for an extended period of time, keep it in a
cool location (ideally, 71° F /22° C) and do one of the following to preserve your
PowerBook battery life:
 Discharge the battery 50 percent before storing your PowerBook.
 When storing your computer for longer than five months, discharge the battery to
approximately 50 percent and then remove it from the PowerBook. If you are storing
your computer for an extended period, recharge your battery to 50 percent every six
months or so.
74
Appendix B Safety, Use, and Care Information
Cleaning Your PowerBook
Follow these general rules when cleaning the outside of your computer and its
components:
 Shut down your PowerBook and remove the battery.
 Use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the computer’s exterior. Avoid getting
moisture in any openings. Do not spray liquid directly on the computer.
 Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives.
Cleaning Your PowerBook Display
To clean your PowerBook screen, do the following:
 Shut down your PowerBook and remove the battery.
 Dampen a clean, soft, lint-free cloth or paper with water only and wipe the screen.
Do not spray liquid directly on the screen.
Understanding General Safety Instructions
For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following precautions.
Disconnect the power plug (by pulling the plug, not the cord), remove the battery, and
disconnect the phone cord if any of the following conditions exists:
 You want to remove any parts.
 The power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged.
 You spill something into the case.
 Your computer is exposed to rain or any other excess moisture.
 Your computer has been dropped or the case has been otherwise damaged.
 You suspect that your computer needs service or repair.
 You want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure described earlier).
Important: The only way to disconnect power completely is to unplug the power cord
and phone cord, and remove the battery. Make sure at least one end of the power cord
is within easy reach so that you can unplug the computer when you need to.
Your AC cord came with a three-wire grounding plug that will only fit into a grounded
AC outlet. If you are unable to insert the AC cord plug because the outlet is not
grounded, you may use the two pronged plug or contact a licensed electrician to
replace the outlet with a properly grounded outlet.
Appendix B Safety, Use, and Care Information
75
Make sure that you always do the following:
 Keep your computer away from sources of liquids, such as drinks, washbasins,
bathtubs, shower stalls, and so on.
 Protect your computer from dampness or wet weather, such as rain, snow, and so on.
 Read all the installation instructions carefully before you plug your computer in to a
wall socket.
 Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others.
 Follow all instructions and warnings dealing with your computer.
Important: Electrical equipment can be hazardous if misused. Operation of this
product, or similar products, must always be supervised by an adult. Do not allow
children access to the interior of any electrical product and do not permit them to
handle any cables.
Warning: Never push objects of any kind into this product through the openings in
the case. Doing so can be dangerous and might result in fire or electric shock.
Handling the Battery
Warning: There is risk of explosion if the battery is replaced by an incorrect type.
Dispose of used batteries according to your local environmental guidelines. Don’t
puncture or incinerate the battery.
Avoiding Hearing Damage
Warning: Permanent hearing loss may occur if earbuds or headphones are used at
high volume. You can adapt over time to a higher volume of sound that may sound
normal but can be damaging to your hearing. If you experience ringing in your ears
or muffled speech, stop listening and have your hearing checked. The louder the
volume, the less time is required before your hearing could be affected. Hearing
experts suggest that to protect your hearing:
 Limit the amount of time you use earbuds or headphones at high volume.
 Avoid turning up the volume to block out noisy surroundings.
 Turn the volume down if you can't hear people speaking near you.
76
Appendix B Safety, Use, and Care Information
Understanding Ergonomics
Here are some tips for setting up a healthy work environment.
Keyboard and Trackpad
When you use the keyboard and trackpad, your shoulders should be relaxed. Your
upper arm and forearm should form an angle that is slightly greater than a right angle,
with your wrist and hand in roughly a straight line.
This
Not this
Use a light touch when typing or using the trackpad and keep your hands and fingers
relaxed. Avoid rolling your thumbs under your palms.
This
Not this
Change hand positions often to avoid fatigue. Some computer users might develop
discomfort in their hands, wrists, or arms after intensive work without breaks. If you
begin to develop chronic pain or discomfort in your hands, wrists, or arms, consult a
qualified health specialist.
Chair
An adjustable chair that provides firm, comfortable support is best. Adjust the height of
the chair so your thighs are horizontal and your feet flat on the floor. The back of the
chair should support your lower back (lumbar region). Follow the manufacturer’s
instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your body properly.
Appendix B Safety, Use, and Care Information
77
You might have to raise your chair so that your forearms and hands are at the proper
angle to the keyboard. If this makes it impossible to rest your feet flat on the floor, you
can use a footrest with adjustable height and tilt to make up for any gap between the
floor and your feet. Or you might lower the desktop to eliminate the need for a
footrest. Another option is to use a desk with a keyboard tray that’s lower than the
regular work surface.
External Mouse
If you use an external mouse, position the mouse at the same height as your keyboard
and within a comfortable reach.
Built-in Display
Adjust the angle of the display to minimize glare and reflections from overhead lights
and windows. Do not force the display if you meet resistance. The display is not meant
to open past 140 degrees.
You can adjust the brightness of the screen when you take the computer from one
work location to another, or if the lighting in your work area changes.
Getting More Information
Go to www.apple.com/about/ergonomics.
Apple and the Environment
Apple Computer, Inc., recognizes its responsibility to minimize the environmental
impacts of its operations and products. For more information, go to www.apple.com/
environment/summary.html.
78
Appendix B Safety, Use, and Care Information
Connecting to the Internet
C
Appendix
C
You can use your computer to browse the World Wide Web,
send email to friends and family, and chat in real time over
the Internet. Use this detailed guide to connect to the
Internet.
When you first start up Mac OS X, Setup Assistant helps you enter your Internet
configuration information.
If you didn’t use Setup Assistant to configure your Internet connection, you can use it
now. Open System Preferences and click Network. Click the “Assist me” button and then
click Assistant to open Network Setup Assistant. If you don’t want to use Network Setup
Assistant, you can use the information in this appendix to set up your connection
manually.
There are four kinds of Internet connections:
 Dial-up connection: Your computer is plugged in to a telephone wall jack using a
phone cable (with computers that include a modem).
 High-speed DSL or cable modem connection: Your computer is plugged in to a
special modem you get from an ISP using an Ethernet cable.
 AirPort Extreme wireless connection: Your computer is connected wirelessly to the
Internet using an AirPort Extreme Base Station or AirPort Express.
 Local area network (LAN): Your computer is plugged in to a LAN using an Ethernet
cable. This type of connection is usually used in the workplace.
Before you connect to the Internet:
1 Set up an account with an Internet service provider (ISP). Use the information in this
appendix to set up your connection.
2 Gather the connection information you need from your ISP or network administrator.
See the next section, “Gathering the Information You Need,” to find out what
information to get for each type of connection.
If another computer in the same location is already connected to the Internet, you
might be able to use its settings.
79
To find the settings on a Mac OS X computer:
 Open the Network pane of System Preferences.
 Choose your connection method from the Show pop-up menu.
 Copy the information for your configuration.
To find the settings on a Mac OS 9 computer:
 Open the TCP/IP control panel.
 Find the connection method in the “Connect via” pop-up menu.
 Find the configuration in the Configure pop-up menu.
 Copy the IP address, subnet mask, and router address from the corresponding fields.
To find the settings on a Windows PC:
The connection information on a Windows computer resides in two places.
 To find the IP address and subnet mask, open the “Network and Internet Connections”
control panel.
 To find user account information, open the User Accounts control panel.
You can write the information directly on the next few pages, and then enter it in
Setup Assistant.
3 If you are using a dial-up modem, plug the phone cord (included with most Macintosh
computers) in to your computer’s modem port and in to a phone wall jack. If you are
using a DSL or cable modem, follow the instructions that came with the modem to
connect it to your computer.
4 Turn on your computer and enter information in Setup Assistant to configure your
Internet connection.
Note: If you already started up your computer and did not use Setup Assistant to
configure your Internet connection, choose Apple () > System Preferences and click
Network. Then click “Assist me.” Setup Assistant opens.
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Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
Gathering the Information You Need
You can write the information you get from your ISP, your network administrator, or
your other computer on these pages, and then enter it in Network Setup Assistant.
To set up a phone dial-up connection, gather the following information:
 Service provider name
 User or account name
 Password
 ISP phone number
 Alternate phone number
 Dialing prefix to obtain an outside line
To set up a DSL, cable modem, LAN, or AirPort Extreme wireless connection, choose
your connection method (ask your system administrator or your ISP,
if you don’t know):
 Manually
 Using DHCP with a manual address
 Using DHCP
 Using BootP
 PPP
If you’re unsure which method to use, “Using DHCP” might be a good choice, because
the network supplies most of the required information for you automatically.
If you selected “Manually” or “Using DHCP with a manual address,” gather the following:
 IP address
 Subnet mask
 Router address
Note: If you selected “Using DHCP with a manual address,” you don’t need a subnet
mask or router address.
If you selected “Using DHCP,” gather the following optional information (ask your ISP if
you need it):
 DHCP client ID
 DNS servers
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
81
If you selected “PPP” (for PPPoE connections), gather the following:
 Service provider
 Account name
 Password
 PPPoE service name
The information below is optional. Ask your ISP or system administrator if you need it.
 DNS servers
 Domain name
 Proxy server
Entering Your Information
After gathering your specific setup information from your ISP or network administrator,
you can click the “Assist me” button in the Network preferences pane to open Network
Setup Assistant, or you can enter the information manually.
To enter your information manually, follow the steps that correspond to your
connection method.
 Dial-up modem with Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) connection (see page 82)
 Cable modem, DSL, or LAN connection using these configurations:
 Manual (see page 86)
 DHCP (see page 87)
 PPPoE (see page 88)
 AirPort Extreme wireless connection (see page 89)
Connecting With a Dial-Up Modem
A dial-up modem is the most common way to connect to the Internet. Your modem
uses a method called Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) to connect to an ISP.
Make sure your modem is plugged in to a phone line and you have the information
from your ISP available (see page 81).
To set up Network preferences to connect using the internal modem port:
1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar.
2 Click Network.
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Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
3 Choose Network Port Configurations from the Show pop-up menu and select the On
checkbox next to Internal Modem.
4 Drag Internal Modem to the top of the Port Configurations list to make it the preferred,
or primary, network interface.
5 Choose Internal Modem from the Show pop-up menu and click PPP.
6 Enter the information from your ISP and click Apply Now.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
83
To test your Internet configuration:
1 Open the Internet Connect application (in the Applications folder).
2 Click the Internal Modem icon, if necessary.
3 Enter your dial-up phone number, account name, and password, if necessary.
4 Click Connect.
Internet Connect dials your ISP and establishes a connection.
To connect automatically when you start a TCP/IP application, such as a
web browser or email:
1 Click PPP Options (in the PPP pane of Network preferences).
2 Select the “Connect automatically when needed” checkbox.
3 Click OK and Apply Now.
Connecting With DSL, Cable Modem, or LAN
If you connect to the Internet using a DSL or cable modem or Ethernet LAN, ask your
ISP or network administrator how you should configure your Internet connection:
 Manually: With a manual configuration, your ISP or network administrator provides
a static IP address and other information that you enter in Network preferences.
 Using Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP): With a DHCP configuration,
the DHCP server automatically enters the information for you.
 Using Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE): If you use a DSL modem and
need a user name and password to connect to the Internet, you might need to
configure your network to use PPPoE.
84
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
Make sure you have the information from your ISP available as you configure your
network (see page 81).
To set up Network preferences for the built-in Ethernet port:
1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar.
2 Click Network.
3 Choose Network Port Configurations from the Show pop-up menu.
4 Select the On checkbox next to Built-in Ethernet.
5 Drag Built-in Ethernet to the top of the Port Configurations list to make it the preferred,
or primary, network interface.
Next, follow the instructions to configure your network manually, using DHCP, or using
PPPoE, as instructed by your ISP or network administrator.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
85
Configuring Manually
Have your static IP address, router address, and subnet mask from your ISP ready
(see page 81).
To set up a manual configuration:
1 In Network preferences, choose Built-in Ethernet from the Show pop-up menu.
2 Click TCP/IP, if necessary.
3 In the Configure IPv4 pop-up menu, choose Manually.
4 Type the information in the corresponding fields.
5 Click Apply Now.
After you configure your network, your connection is ready. Open your web browser (or
another TCP/IP application) to test your Internet connection.
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Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
Configuring DHCP
After you set up a DHCP configuration, the DHCP server automatically provides your
network information.
To set up a DHCP configuration:
1 In Network preferences, choose Built-in Ethernet from the Show pop-up menu.
2 Click TCP/IP, if necessary.
3 Choose Using DHCP from the Configure IPv4 pop-up menu.
4 Click Apply Now.
Open your web browser (or another TCP/IP application) to test your Internet
connection.
Note: Unless your ISP instructs you to do otherwise, ignore the DHCP Client ID field
and the Search Domains field.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
87
Configuring PPPoE
Some DSL-based ISPs use Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE). If you use a
DSL modem and need a user name and password to connect to the Internet, check
with your ISP to determine if you should connect using PPPoE.
To set up a PPPoE connection:
Have your user name, password, and if required, the domain name server (DNS)
address from your ISP available (see page 81).
1 In Network preferences, choose Built-in Ethernet from the Show pop-up menu.
2 Click PPPoE and select “Connect using PPPoE.”
3 Type the information in the corresponding fields. If you want all users of your computer
to use the same connection method, select “Save password.”
Note: To connect automatically when you start a TCP/IP application, such as a web
browser or email, click PPPoE Options, and then select “Connect automatically when
needed.”
4 Click TCP/IP and choose either Using PPP or Manually from the Configure IPv4 pop-up
menu, as instructed by your ISP. If you have a static IP address from your ISP, choose
Manually and type the address in the IP Address field.
88
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
5 Type the domain name server (DNS) addresses in the DNS Servers field.
6 Click Apply Now.
After you configure your network, your Internet connection is ready. You can open your
web browser or other TCP/IP application to test your connection.
Important: If you did not select the option to connect automatically, you will need to
open the Internet Connect application, choose the correct configuration, and then click
Connect. For more information, choose Help > Internet Connect Help from the menu
bar at the top of the display.
Configuring Your AirPort Extreme Wireless Connection
You can configure your AirPort Extreme network and Internet connection using AirPort
Setup Assistant, located in the Utilities folder within your Applications folder. The
assistant helps you configure the AirPort Extreme Base Station or AirPort Express and
set up your computer to use AirPort Extreme. For more information about your base
station, see the documentation that came with your base station.
If your AirPort Extreme Base Station or AirPort Express is already configured, in most
cases your AirPort Extreme technology is ready to access it immediately.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
89
To check if you have access to an AirPort Extreme network:
m Click the AirPort status icon in the menu bar and choose an AirPort network listed
there.
If you don’t see an AirPort network listed, you can use AirPort Setup Assistant to check
or change your settings, or you can change them using the Network pane of System
Preferences.
Setting Up an AirPort Extreme Connection Manually
Gather the following information from your system administrator if you’ll be setting up
a manual connection, which uses specific preassigned addresses for your servers and
computer.
If you’ll be connecting using DHCP, most of this information is provided to your
computer automatically by the network, so ask your system administrator what is
required.
 Domain name server (DNS) addresses, if necessary
 DHCP or manual IP address configuration
 IP address
 Router address
 Subnet mask
 Password, if required
Next, make sure your AirPort connection options are active in Network preferences.
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Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
To set up Network preferences for an AirPort Extreme connection:
1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar.
2 Click Network.
3 Choose Network Port Configurations from the Show pop-up menu.
4 Select the On checkbox next to AirPort.
Next, follow the instructions to configure your network either manually or using DHCP,
as instructed by your ISP or network administrator. If you’re setting up your network
yourself, it might be easier to configure the network using DHCP, because the server
assigns IP addresses automatically.
5 Choose AirPort from the Show pop-up menu.
6 Click TCP/IP, if necessary.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
91
7 In the Configure IPv4 pop-up menu, choose either Manually or Using DHCP.
 If you chose Manually, type the other information in the corresponding fields.
 If you chose Using DHCP, you don’t need to enter any further information unless your
system administrator has instructed you to do so.
8 Click AirPort and select options for joining an AirPort Extreme network after restarting
or when your computer wakes from sleep.
9 Click Apply Now.
After you configure your AirPort settings, you are ready to connect.
To test your AirPort Extreme connection:
m Click the AirPort status icon in the menu bar and choose Turn AirPort On.
Any AirPort Extreme network in range should appear in the menu.
92
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
Troubleshooting Your Connection
If you’re having problems with your Internet connection, refer to the suggestions in the
following sections for the type of connection you have.
Cable Modem, DSL, and LAN Internet Connections
If you can’t connect to the Internet using your cable modem, DSL, or local area network
(LAN), see the following instructions.
Important: Instructions that refer to modems do not apply to LAN users. LAN users
might have hubs, switches, routers, or connection pods that cable and DSL modem
users do not. LAN users should contact their network administrator rather than an ISP.
Check the cables and power supplies
Make sure all modem cables are firmly plugged in, including the modem power cord,
the cable from the modem to the computer, and the cable from the modem to the wall
jack. Check the cables and power supplies to Ethernet hubs and routers.
Turn the modem off and on and reset the modem hardware
Cycle the power on your DSL or cable modem by turning it off for a few minutes and
then turning it back on. Some ISPs recommend that you unplug the modem’s power
cord. If your modem has a reset button, you can press it either before or after cycling
the power.
PPPoE Connections
If you are unable to connect to your ISP using PPPoE, first check the cables and power
supplies, and then turn the modem off and on again and reset the modem hardware.
To check System Preferences settings:
1 Choose Apple () > System Preferences from the menu bar.
2 Click Network.
3 Choose Network Port Configurations from the Show pop-up menu.
4 Drag Built-in Ethernet to the top of the Port Configurations list.
5 Choose Built-in Ethernet from the Show pop-up menu.
6 Click PPPoE.
7 Select “Connect using PPPoE.”
8 Check the Account Name field to be sure you have entered the correct information
from your ISP.
9 If you chose to save your password, retype it to make sure it is correct.
10 Click TCP/IP. Make sure you’ve entered the correct information from your ISP
in this pane.
11 Click Apply Now.
Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
93
Network Connections
If you have two or more computers attempting to share an Internet connection, be
sure that your network is set up properly. You need to know if your ISP provides only
one IP address or if it provides multiple IP addresses, one for each computer.
If only one IP address is used, then you must have a router capable of sharing the
connection, also known as network address translation (NAT) or “IP masquerading.”
For setup information, check the documentation provided with your router or ask the
person who set up your network. The AirPort Extreme Base Station can be used to
share one IP address among multiple computers. For information about using the
AirPort Extreme Base Station, check the onscreen help or visit the Apple AirPort
website at www.apple.com/airport.
If you cannot resolve the issue using these steps, contact your ISP.
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Appendix C Connecting to the Internet
Top Ten Questions
D
Appendix
D
Do you have a question? Here are the top ten questions
commonly asked by new PowerBook users.
My Internet connection doesn’t seem to be working. How do I set it up?
There are different types of Internet connections. For example, you can connect using a
modem, a DSL connection, a wireless AirPort connection, or an Ethernet network. You
will need to supply Mac OS X with specific information about your connection type,
Internet service provider, or network. The first step in configuring your connection is
gathering the information needed for your connection type. To find out what
information you need and for instructions on how to configure your connection type,
see Appendix C, “Connecting to the Internet,” on page 79. Your computer also has
Setup Assistant application to help walk you through setting up an Internet
connection. Open System Preferences and click Network. Click the “Assist me” button to
open Network Setup Assistant.
How do I set up my printer? Is it compatible with my PowerBook?
Begin by connecting your printer and installing any software according to the
instructions that came with your printer. Next, open System Preferences and click the
Print & Fax icon. Use the Print & Fax pane to configure your PowerBook to access the
printer. You’ll find lots of information about setting up printers in Mac Help (choose
Help > Mac Help from the menu bar and search for “printer”). Also see “Connecting to a
Printer” on page 28 of this manual.
If your printer doesn’t seem to be working as expected, you might need to check the
manufacturer’s website for updated print drivers. Often the latest printer software is
available for downloading.
95
If you sent a print job to your printer, but it’s not printing, check to see if the print job is
stopped or on hold by clicking the printer icon in the Dock. (If no icon appears in the
Dock, open Printer Setup Utility in the Applications/Utilities folder and double-click the
printer’s name.) If the window for the printer says “Job Stopped,” click the Start Jobs
button. If “Hold” appears beside the job name, resume printing by clicking the job
name and clicking Resume. If a print job has stopped printing because of a technical
error, you can delete the faulty job by selecting the job and clicking Delete. You can
then try printing the job again.
How does the Mac OS X interface work?
Users new to Mac OS X often have questions about how to carry out certain tasks. Your
best source for Mac OS X information is Mac Help. You’ll find introductory explanations
for new users, users switching from Windows computers, and users upgrading from
Mac OS 9. Open Mac Help by choosing Help > Mac Help from the Help menu in the
menu bar at the top of your screen. Browse the new Mac OS X user information listed
there. Many of the basic tasks users are interested in involve the Finder, so try searching
for “Finder,” too.
How do I make my PowerBook battery last longer?
Remember to calibrate your battery when you first use it (see “Calibrating Your Battery”
on page 17). You can conserve battery power by using the Energy Saver preference
pane to specify how quickly the computer should go to sleep or dim the display. Open
System Preferences and click the Energy Saver icon. Choose settings that are optimized
for your type of usage. Using peripheral devices, such as hard disks, that get power
from your computer can also shorten the amount of time your battery lasts. You can
conserve battery power by disconnecting such devices. You can also purchase an
additional battery that you can switch into your computer when power gets low.
For more information about conserving battery power, see “Understanding Battery
Conservation Tips” on page 54.
I put a disc in my optical drive, but nothing happened. How do I know if the disc is
compatible with my optical drive?
Press the Media Eject key (C) to eject the disc. Apple slot-loading optical drives support
only round 12 cm discs. Nonstandard discs and discs with noncircular shapes do not
work in the optical drive. For more information about nonstandard discs, go to the
Apple Service & Support website at www.apple.com/support and search for
“nonstandard discs.”
Warning: Inserting a nonstandard disc into the optical drive can damage the drive.
96
Appendix D Top Ten Questions
How do I connect a monitor or TV to my PowerBook?
Your PowerBook comes with an external monitor port and adapters for connecting
many commonly used monitors, TVs, and video displays. If your device has a connector
that is different from the external monitor port on your PowerBook, you need to attach
an adapter to connect it to the port. To see the adapters included with your
PowerBook, see page 5. For more information about connecting displays and other
devices, see “Using External Video Support (DVI, VGA, and S-Video)” on page 44.
I forgot my password. How do I reset it?
To reset your password, start up from the software install and restore disc that came
with your computer. After the installer opens, choose Installer > Reset Password from
the menu bar. Follow the instructions on the screen.
I hear a fan coming on and my PowerBook seems to get quite warm.
Is that OK?
As your PowerBook operates, it’s designed to keep itself within safe thermal limits. The
fan comes on and stays on to keep the PowerBook operating at normal temperatures.
The bottom of your PowerBook can become warm because it’s designed to let heat
dissipate through the case. This is normal. For more information, see “Using Your
PowerBook” on page 74.
My application or Mac OS X doesn’t seem to be working correctly.
Do I need to reinstall Mac OS X?
The process of troubleshooting a problem requires that you answer several questions,
such as whether a problem always happens with a specific application, is related to
your operating system, or is a result of faulty hardware. Before you reinstall, see
“Troubleshooting” on page 63 to help analyze the problem. Apple also provides many
technical explanations and advice for solving problems in the Apple Service & Support
website at www.apple.com/support. If you determine that you must reinstall Mac OS X,
you’ll find instructions in “Reinstalling the Software That Came With Your Computer” on
page 67.
I installed an application on my PowerBook, but it doesn’t seem to be working.
Where can I go for help?
Check the documentation that came with the application for instructions on how to
get support. Often manufacturers are aware of common problems that might occur
with their applications and provide solutions and updates for immediate use. If your
program is not an Apple product, you’ll need to contact the manufacturer directly for
the best support.
Appendix D Top Ten Questions
97
Communications Regulation Information
FCC Compliance Statement
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC rules.
Operation is subject to the following two
conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any
interference received, including interference that
may cause undesired operation. See instructions if
interference to radio or television reception is
suspected.
Radio and Television Interference
This computer equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio-frequency energy. If it is not installed
and used properly—that is, in strict accordance with
Apple’s instructions—it may cause interference with
radio and television reception.
This equipment has been tested and found to
comply with the limits for a Class B digital device in
accordance with the specifications in Part 15 of FCC
rules. These specifications are designed to provide
reasonable protection against such interference in a
residential installation. However, there is no
guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation.
You can determine whether your computer system is
causing interference by turning it off. If the
interference stops, it was probably caused by the
computer or one of the peripheral devices.
If your computer system does cause interference to
radio or television reception, try to correct the
interference by using one or more of the following
measures:
 Turn the television or radio antenna until the
interference stops.
 Move the computer to one side or the other of the
television or radio.
 Move the computer farther away from the
television or radio.
 Plug the computer in to an outlet that is on a
different circuit from the television or radio. (That
is, make certain the computer and the television or
radio are on circuits controlled by different circuit
breakers or fuses.)
If necessary, consult an Apple-authorized service
provider or Apple. See the service and support
information that came with your Apple product. Or,
consult an experienced radio/television technician
for additional suggestions.
This product has demonstrated EMC compliance
under conditions that included the use of compliant
peripheral devices and shielded cables between
system components. It is important that you use
compliant peripheral devices and shielded cables
between system components to reduce the
possibility of causing interference to radios,
television sets, and other electronic devices.
Responsible party (contact for FCC matters
only): Apple Computer, Inc. Product Compliance, 1
Infinite Loop M/S 26-A, Cupertino, CA 95014-2084,
408-974-2000.
Bluetooth Information
FCC Bluetooth Wireless Compliance
The antenna used with this transmitter must not be
colocated or operated in conjunction with any other
antenna or transmitter subject to the conditions of
the FCC Grant.
Bluetooth Industry Canada Statement
This Class B device meets all requirements of the
Canadian interference-causing equipment
regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la Class B respecte toutes
les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel brouilleur
du Canada.
Bluetooth Europe–EU Declaration of Conformity
This wireless device complies with the specifications
EN 300 328, EN 301-489, and EN 60950 following the
provisions of the R&TTE Directive.
Industry Canada Statement
Complies with the Canadian ICES-003 Class B
specifications. Cet appareil numérique de la classe B
est conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
VCCI Class B Statement
Europe - EU Declaration of Conformity
Complies with European Directives
72/23/EEC, 89/336/EEC, 1999/5/EC
See http://www.apple.com/euro/compliance/
Important: Changes or modifications to this product
not authorized by Apple Computer, Inc., could void
the EMC compliance and negate your authority to
operate the product.
99
Laser Information
Warning: Making adjustments or performing
procedures other than those specified in your
equipment’s manual may result in hazardous
radiation exposure.
Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet
containing the laser. The laser beam used in this
product is harmful to the eyes. The use of optical
instruments, such as magnifying lenses, with this
product increases the potential hazard to your eyes.
For your safety, have this equipment serviced only
by an Apple-authorized service provider.
Because of the optical disc drive in your computer,
your computer is a Class 1 laser product. The Class 1
label, located in a user-accessible area, indicates that
the drive meets minimum safety requirements. A
service warning label is located in a serviceaccessible area. The labels on your product may
differ slightly from the ones shown here.
Class 1 label
Service warning label
Exposure to Radio Frequency Energy
The radiated output power of the AirPort Extreme
technology is far below the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits. Nevertheless, it is advised to use the
wireless equipment in such a manner that the
potential for human contact during normal
operation is minimized.
ENERGY STAR® Compliance
As an ENERGY STAR® partner, Apple has determined
that standard configurations of this product meet
the ENERGY STAR® guidelines for energy efficiency.
The ENERGY STAR® program is a partnership with
office product equipment manufacturers to promote
energy-efficiency. Reducing energy consumption of
office products saves money and reduces pollution
by eliminating wasted energy.
Disposal and Recycling Information
The backlight lamp in this product contains mercury.
Dispose according to local, state, and federal laws.
For information about Apple’s recycling program, go
to www.apple.com/environment/summary.html.
Battery Disposal Information
Dispose of batteries according to your local
environmental laws and guidelines.
Deutschland: Das Gerät enthält Batterien. Diese
gehören nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können
verbrauchte Batterien beim Handel oder bei den
Kommunen unentgeltlich abgeben. Um
Kurzschlüsse zu vermeiden, kleben Sie die Pole der
Batterien vorsorglich mit einem Klebestreifen ab.
Nederlands: Gebruikte batterijen kunnen worden
ingeleverd bij de chemokar of in een speciale
batterijcontainer voor klein chemisch afval (kca)
worden gedeponeerd.
Taiwan:
Mouse and Keyboard Information
The Apple optical mouse is a Class 1 LED product.
This product complies with the requirements of
European Directives 72/23/EEC and 89/336/EEC.
It also complies with the Canadian ICES-003 Class B
Specification.
High-Risk Activities Warning
This computer system is not intended for use in the
operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or
communications systems, or air traffic control
machines, or for any other uses where the failure of
the computer system could lead to death, personal
injury or severe environmental damage.
100
European Union—Disposal Information: This symbol
means that according to local laws and regulations
your product should be disposed of separately from
household waste. When this product reaches its end
of life, take it to a collection point designated by
local authorities. Some collection points accept
products for free. The separate collection and
recycling of your product at the time of disposal will
help conserve natural resources and ensure that it is
recycled in a manner that protects human health
and the environment.
Telephone and Apple 56K Modem
Information
Notify Your Telephone Company
Some telephone companies require that you notify
the local business office when you hook up a
modem to their lines.
Information You Need in the United States
The internal modem complies with Part 6B of the
FCC rules. On the back of this equipment is a label
that contains, among other information, the FCC
registration number and ringer equivalence number
(REN). If requested, provide this information to your
telephone company.
 Ringer equivalence number (REN): 0.1B The REN is
useful to determine the quantity of devices you
may connect to your telephone lines and still have
all those devices ring when your telephone
number is called. In most, but not all areas, the
sum of the RENs of all devices connected to one
line should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of
the number of devices you may connect to your
line, as determined by the REN, you should contact
your local telephone company to determine the
maximum REN for your calling area.
 Telephone jack type: USOC, RJ-11 An FCC-compliant
telephone cord and modular plug are provided
with this equipment. This equipment is designed
to be connected to the telephone network or
premises wiring using a compatible modular jack
that complies with Part 68 rules. See the
installation instructions for details.
Telephone Line Problems
If your telephone doesn’t work, there may be a
problem with your telephone line. Disconnect the
modem to see if the problem goes away. If it doesn’t,
report the problem either to your local telephone
company or to your company’s telecommunications
people.
If disconnecting the modem eliminates the problem,
the modem itself may need service. See the service
and support information that came with your Apple
product for instructions on how to contact Apple or
an Apple-authorized service provider for assistance.
If you do not disconnect your modem when it is
adversely affecting the telephone line, the telephone
company has the right to disconnect your service
temporarily until you correct the problem. The
telephone company will notify you as soon as
possible. Also, you will be informed of your right to
file a complaint with the FCC.
The telephone company may make changes in its
facilities, equipment, operations, or procedures that
could affect the operation of your equipment. If this
happens, the telephone company will provide
advance notice in order for you to make the
necessary modifications to maintain uninterrupted
service.
The internal modem will not work with party lines,
cannot be connected to a coin-operated telephone,
and may not work with a private branch exchange
(PBX).
Telephone Consumer Protection Act
The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991
makes it unlawful for any person to use a computer
or other electronic device to send any message via a
telephone fax machine unless such message clearly
contains, in a margin at the top or bottom of each
transmitted page or on the first page of the
transmission, the date and time it was sent and an
identification of the business or other entity, or
individual sending the message and the telephone
number of the sending machine of such business,
entity, or individual.
Information You Need in Canada
The Industry Canada (IC) label identifies certified
equipment. This certification means that the
equipment meets certain telecommunications
network protective, operational, and safety
requirements. The Department does not guarantee
the equipment will operate to a user’s satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, make sure that you
are permitted to connect to the facilities of the local
telecommunications company. Be sure you use an
acceptable method of connection to install the
equipment. In some cases, you may extend the
company’s internal wiring for single-line individual
service by means of a certified telephone extension
cord. Be aware, however, that compliance with these
conditions may not prevent degradation of service
in some situations.
Repairs to certified equipment should be made by
an authorized Canadian maintenance facility
designated by the supplier. Any equipment
malfunctions or repairs or alterations that you make
to this equipment may cause the
telecommunications company to request that you
disconnect the equipment.
In Canada, contact Apple at: 7495 Birchmount Road,
Markham, Ontario, L3R 5G2, 800-263-3394
Warning: Users should ensure for their own
protection that the electrical ground connections
of the power utility, telephone lines, and internal
metallic water pipe system, if present, are
connected together. This precaution may be
particularly important in rural areas.
101
Users should not attempt to make such connections
themselves, but should contact the appropriate
electric inspection authority or electrician.
 Load number: 0.1 The load number (LN) assigned
to each terminal device denotes the percentage of
the total load to be connected to the telephone
loop that is used by the device, to prevent
overloading. The termination of a loop may consist
of any combination of devices, subject only to the
requirement that the sum of the load numbers of
all devices does not exceed 100.
 Telephone jack type: CA-11
Informations Destinées aux Utilisateurs Canadiens
L’étiquette d’Industrie Canada identifie un matériel
homologué. Cette étiquette certifie que le matériel
est conforme à certaines normes de protection,
d’exploitation et de sécurité des réseaux de
télécommunications. Le Ministère n’assure toutefois
pas que le matériel fonctionnera à la satisfaction de
l’utilisateur.
Avant d’installer ce matériel, l’utilisateur doit
s’assurer qu’il est permis de la raccorder au réseau de
l’enterprise locale de télécommunication. Le matériel
doit également être installé en suivant une méthode
acceptée de raccordement. Dans certains cas, le
câblage appartenant à l’enterprise utilisé pour un
service individuel à ligne unique peut être prolongé
au moyen d’un dispositif homologué de
raccordement (cordon prolongateur téléphonique).
L’abonné ne doit pas oublier qu’il est possible que la
conformité aux conditions énoncées ci-dessus
n’empêche pas la dégradation du service dans
certaines situations. De fait, les enterprises de
télécommunication ne permettent pas que l’on
raccorde un matériel aux prises d’abonnés, sauf dans
les cas précis prévus par les terifs particuliers de ces
enterprises.
Les réparations de matériel homologué doivent être
effectuées par un centre d’entretien canadien
autorisé désigné par la fournisseur. La compagnie de
télécommunications peut demander à l’utilisateur de
débrancher un appareil suite à des réparations ou à
des modifications effectuées par l’utilisateur ou en
raison d’un mauvais fonctionnement.
Veuillez contacter Apple pour des informations
supplémentaires:
Apple Canada, Inc.
7495 Birchmount Road
Markham, Ontario
Canada L3R 5G2
102
Service à la clientèle d’Apple Canada: 800-263-3394
Avertissement : Pour sa propre protection,
l’utilisateur doit s’assurer que tout les fils de mise à
la terre du secteur, des lignes téléphoniques et les
canalisations d’eau métalliques, s’il y en a, soient
raccordés ensemble. Cette précaution est
particulièrement importante dans les régions
rurales.
L’utilisateur ne doit pas tenter de faire ces
raccordements lui-même; il doit avoir recours à une
service d’inspection des installations électriques ou à
un électricien, selon le cas.
 Numéro de charge: 0.1 L’indice de charge (IC)
assigné à chaque dispositif terminal indique, pour
éviter toute surcharge, le pourcentage de la
charge totale qui sera raccordée à un circuit
téléphonique bouclé utilisé par ce dispositif. La
terminaison du circuit bouclé peut être constituée
de n’importe quelle combinaison de dispositifs
pourvu que la somme des indices de charge de
l’ensemble des dispositifs ne dépasse pas 100.
 Type de prise téléphonique: CA-11
Information You Need in the United Kingdom
This terminal equipment is intended for direct
connection to the analogue Public Switched
Telecommunications Network and is approved for
use within the United Kingdom with the following
features:
 Modem facility
 Autocalling facility
 Autoanswer facility
 DTMF signaling
Operation in the absence of proceed indication or
upon detection of proceed indication
This product is in conformity with relevant
regulatory standards following the provisions of
European Council Directives 73/23/EEC (Low Voltage
Directive) and 89/336/EEC amended by 92/31/EEC
(EMC Directive).
Informationen fur Deutschland
Diese Modem-Karte ist als Endeinrichtung
vorgesehen und muss an ein TAE mit F-Kodierung
angeschlossen werden. Diese Endeinrichtung ist in
Konformität gemäss Niederspannungsrichtlinie 73 /
23 / EWG sowie EMC-Richtlinien 89 / 336 / EWG und
92 / 31 / EWG.
Informations pour la France
Ce matériel est conforme aux normes applicables de
sécurité éléctrique d’après la directive 73 / 23 / CEE
et aux normes applicables de comptabilité
éléctromagnétique d’après la directive 89 / 336 /
CEE, modifié par la directive 92 / 31 / CEE.
Information You Need in Australia
All telecommunications devices are required to be
labelled as complying to the Australian
telecommunications standards, ensuring the health
and safety of the operator and the integrity of the
Australian telecommunications network. To provide
compliance with the Australian Communications
Authority’s technical standards, please ensure that
the following AT commands are maintained:
 ATB0 (ITU/CCITT operation)
 AT&G0 (no guard tone)
 AT&P1 (33/66 pulse dial make/break ratio)
 ATS0 = 0 or ATS0 = 1 (no answer or answer greater
than one ring)
 ATS6 = 95 (DTMF period between 70–255 ms)
 ATS11 = 95 (DTMF period between 70–255 ms)
For calls that are automatically generated, a total of
three call attempts are allowed to a telephone
number, with a minimum period between calls of 2
seconds. If the call does not connect after three
attempts, 30 minutes must expire before automatic
redialing may be initiated. Failure to set the modem
(and any associated communications software) to
the above settings may result in the modem being
non-compliant with Australian telecommunications
standards. Under these circumstances a user could
be subject to significant penalties under the
Telecommunications Act 1997.
This modem must be properly secured in order for
you to use it. Telecommunications network voltages
exist inside the computer and the
telecommunications line connection must be
removed before opening the computer.
Information You Need in New Zealand
This modem is fully approved to operate on the New
Zealand telecommunications network under
Telepermit number PTC 211/04/002. All
telecommunications devices are required to hold a
Telepermit and be labelled accordingly with the
approved Telepermit number to comply with the
New Zealand telecommunications standards,
ensuring the health and safety of the operator and
the integrity of the New Zealand
telecommunications network. To ensure compliance,
all calls that are automatically generated should not
make more than 10 call attempts to the same
number within any 30 minute period with a
minimum period between calls of 30 seconds.
Failure to adhere to these standards may result in
the modem being non-compliant with New Zealand
Telecom standards. Under these circumstances a
user could be subject to significant penalties.
Important: The grant of a Telepermit for any item of
terminal equipment indicates that only Telecom has
accepted that the item complies with minimum
conditions for connection to its network. It indicates
no endorsement of the product by Telecom, nor
does it provide any sort of warranty. Above all, it
provides no assurance that any item will work
correctly in all respects with another item of
Telepermitted equipment of a different make or
model, nor does it imply that any product is
compatible with all of Telecom’s network services.
103
A
about your battery 17
AC cord 6, 21
AC plug 6, 21
adjusting your display 20
AirPort antenna window 13
AirPort Express 39, 40
AirPort Extreme
base station 40
problems 65
setting up a connection 81, 89
technology 39
ALS system 23
amber light 21
ambient light-sensing system 23
analog phone line 7, 44
Appearance preferences 25
Apple 56K internal modem 44
application freeze 27
applications 26
audio line in port 15
B
base station, AirPort 40
battery
calibrating 17
charging 54
conservation 54
conserving power 96
disposal 53, 100
flashing lights 51
general information 51
indicator lights 51
power 54
removing 52
replacing 52
specifications 72
tips 54
blinking question mark 10
Bluetooth preferences 41, 54
Bluetooth technology 40
Index
Index
brightness controls 13
built-in speakers 13, 47
burning DVDs 50
buttons
PC Card Eject 39
power 8, 13
C
cable modem
connecting to Internet 84
setting up 81
calibrating your battery 17
carrying your PowerBook 74
CDs 47
changing
image size 20
password 65
System Preferences 25
the desktop 25
the screen resolution 20
charging the battery 54
checking memory 62
cleaning
your display 75
your PowerBook 75
closed display 46
Combo drive 48
communicating using Bluetooth 40
computer
freezes 64
inventory 5
won’t turn on 64
connecting
Bluetooth enabled devices 40
a cable modem 8
a DSL modem 8
to an Ethernet network 8
an external display 45
external devices 34
FireWire devices 36
FireWire hard disk drives 36
105
flat-panel display 47
headphones 30
to Internet 11
a monitor or TV 97
modem 44
a printer 28
projector 45
a TV 46
two computers 36, 37
USB printers 34
VCR 46
a video device 46
videocameras 36
wirelessly 39
conserving battery power 96
controls
brightness 13
keyboard 13
volume 13
cord, AC 6
D
Dashboard 13, 24
Dashboard & Exposé preferences 25
default resolution 20
Desktop & Screen Saver preferences 25
DHCP. See Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
dial-up
connection 82
modem 82
discs, compatible 96
display
cleaning 75
default resolution 20
goes black 65
mirroring 45
release button 13
Displays pane 21
disposing of batteries 53, 100
Dock 25, 26
Dock preferences 25
downloading software 28
drives, double-sided optical 48
DSL
connecting to Internet 84
modem 81
dual-display mode 45
DVD
burning 50
discs 49
DVI port 44
DVI-to-VGA adapter 44
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
configuration 87
106
Index
using 84
E
ejecting a disc 49, 66
Energy Saver preferences 54, 55
environment 78
ergonomics 77
Ethernet
cables 43
networking capability 43
port 15, 43
Exposé 13, 23, 24
external monitor 45
external monitor port 15
F
F11 key 13
F12 key 13
fan noise 97
finding your serial number 69
FireWire
cable 36, 37
devices and battery power 37
port 15, 36
Target Disk Mode 36
FireWire Target Disk Mode 37
Force Quit 27
frozen application 27
function key 13
G
general safety 75
green light 21
H
hand positions 77
hard disk 66
headphone
jack 47
port 15, 47
Hi-Speed USB 15
I
image size 20
inserting a disc 48
installation instructions 5
installing
additional RAM 58
applications 68
Classic support 68
Mac OS 9 68
Mac OS X 68
memory 58
internal modem 44
Internet
configuration 84
connecting to 11
connecting using Setup Assistant 89
connection problems 66, 95
inventory of items 5
K
keeping the display closed 46
keyboard
illumination 23
illumination controls 13
L
LAN connection 81, 82, 84
locating your serial number 69
M
Mac OS X
interface 96
learning about 24
manual Internet configuration 86
manually using DHCP router option 81
Media Eject key 13
memory
checking 62
installing 57, 58
screwdriver required 59
specifications 57
microphone 13, 47
mirroring 45
modem
cable 79
DSL 79
port 7
using 44
monitoring printing 29
mouse 24
multiple USB devices 35
Mute control 13
muting your computer 13
N
Network Connections 94
networking
two computers 36, 37
wirelessly 39
Network preferences 54
Network Setup Assistant 79
numeric keypad 23
Num Lock key 13
Index
O
operating environment specifications 71
operating system 24
optical digital audio out port 15
optical drive
about 13
compatible discs 96
disc sizes supported 48
two-sided 48
P
password, resetting 65, 97
PC Card
ejecting 38
inserting 38
slot 15, 38
PC Card Eject button 39
playing
a video 49
CDs 47
DVD-Video discs 49
plug, AC 6
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) 82, 84, 88
port
audio line in 15
DVI 15
Ethernet 15
external monitor 15
FireWire 15
headphone 15, 47
internal modem 7, 15
power adapter 15
S-video out 15
TV out 15
USB 15
power adapter
plugging in 73
port 15
specifications 72
using 21
power button 8, 13
PPP. See Point-to-Point Protocol
PPPoE
configuration 88
connecting to Internet 82
connections 82, 93
presentation mode. See display mirroring
Print & Fax preferences 29
printing setup 29
print monitoring 29
problems
computer freezes 64
computer won’t respond 63
107
computer won’t turn on 64
display goes black 65
hard disk 66
Internet connection 66, 93
pointer won’t move 63
PPPoE connections 93
trouble ejecting a disc 66
trouble using AirPort 65
turning the computer on 10
with an application 65
See also troubleshooting
processing speed 57
putting your PowerBook to sleep 16
R
RAM 58
recording
CD-R 49
CD-RW 49
DVD 50
music 49
reinstalling 97
removing the battery 52
replacing the battery 52
resetting your password 65, 97
RJ-11 cable 44
S
safety
general instructions 75
power adapter 73
using your PowerBook 74
screwdriver 59
scrolling trackpad feature 22
SDRAM specifications 57
security slot 15, 55
serial number 69
setting up
Internet connection 81
a printer 29
printer (tips) 95
to connect manually 82
Setup Assistant 10
shutting down 17
sleep
indicator light 13
mode for your computer 16
slot-loading optical drive 13
Software Update 28
Software Update preferences 28
speakers 13, 47
specifications
108
Index
battery 72
operating environment 71
power adapter 72
SDRAM 57
Spotlight 24
Startup Disk preferences 36
static IP address 86
stopping
an application 27
the computer 17
storing your PowerBook 74
Sudden Motion Sensor 51
SuperDrive 47
S-video out port 44
System Preferences 25
Appearance 25
Bluetooth 41, 54
Dashboard & Exposé 25
Desktop & Screen Saver 25
Dock 25
Energy Saver 54
Network 54
Print & Fax 29
Software Update 28
Startup Disk 36
T
telephone dial-up connection 81
testing your Internet configuration 84
trackpad
described 13
scrolling 22
tips 22
using 9
transferring
files or documents 30
information 36, 37
troubleshooting
AirPort 65
an application 65
computer freezes 64
computer won’t respond 63
computer won’t turn on 64
display goes black 65
ejecting a disc 66
hard disk 66
Internet connection 66
pointer won’t move 63
your connection 93
turning on PowerBook 8
TV out port 15
typing position 77
U
Universal Serial Bus. See USB
updating software 28
USB
devices and battery power 34
hubs 35
multiple devices 35
ports 15, 34
using
AirPort 39
FireWire devices 36
multiple USB devices 35
your optical drive 47
Index
using DHCP option 81
V
VGA connection 46
video, playing 49
video mirroring 45
Video Mode Toggle key 13
volume controls 13
W
waking your computer 16
wireless connections 39
working with a printer 28
109
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