GBIF data: research use cases (in Portuguese)

GBIF data: research use cases (in Portuguese)
Mobilização de dados atravès
do GBIF – usos na pesquisa
Tim Hirsch, Deputy Director, GBIF Secretariat
SiB-Br Relaunch event, Brasilia, 25 November 2014
USOS DE DADOS NA PESQUISA
• Espécies exóticas invasoras
• Impactos das mudanças climáticas
• Prioridades na conservação (espécies
ameaçadas, áreas protegidas)
• Agricultura e alimentação (parentes
silvestres de lavouras)
• Saúde humana (doenças zoonóticas)
• Entendimento de biodiversidade
(biogeografia, filogenética, ecologia)
GBIF Science Review available at http://www.gbif.org/resources/3427.
USO DE DADOS: SAÚDE HUMANA
• Modelled environmental niches of 3 bat
species associated with Ebola transmission
• Occurrence records accessed via GBIF
• At-risk areas cover 22 countries, population
of 22 million
• Helps to prioritize surveillance and
diagnositic capacity in at-risk areas
Pigott, David M., et al. "Mapping the zoonotic niche of Ebola virus disease in Africa." eLife 3 (2014): e04395.
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.04395
USO DE DADOS: ESPÉCIES INVASORAS
• Used more than 20m records via GBIF of
884 species on Global Invasive Species
Database (GISD)
• Modelled likely invasion success for South
Africa based on environmental suitability,
propagule pressure
• Identified watch list of 400 potential
invaders
• Methodology applicable to any region
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.08.014
USO DE DADOS: PRIORIDADES NA CONSERVAÇÃO
• Obtained occurrence records of 30 endemic
Cerrado lizards from GBIF and other sources
• Produced distribution models using Maxent
• Formulated conservation targets based on
natural rarity, vulnerability (future habitat
loss), life history
• Gap analysis considering strictly protected
areas
• Found only one species was adequately
protected by existing network
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.09.016
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