XTM X-Factor Manual
Main Features of Your New XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck:
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Prebuilt & Ready-to-Run
Powerful XTM Racing 24.7 Engine w/Header & Exhaust Pipe
Hitec Lynx Sport Radio w/High Torque Steering Servo
Factory-Painted Body
Multi-Link Cantilever Suspension
Telescoping Universals
The XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is
distributed exclusively by Global Hobby Distributors,
18480 Bandilier Circle, Fountain Valley, CA 92708
All contents copyright © 2002, Global Hobby
Distributors Version V1.0 October 2002
Kit Product Number 145641
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Adjustable 2-Speed Forward/Reverse Transmission
XTM Racing R-Box Electronic Reverser
Full Set of Sealed Ball Bearings
Slipper Clutch w/Steel Main Gear
Large-Volume 1/8 Scale Shocks with Silicon Boots
OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
Thank you for purchasing the XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck. These Operating Instructions are provided to help you enjoy your new
X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck without any of the hassles you might expect. Please read through all of the literature that is provided in the box. Doing
so will help you become familiar with how your X-Factor, 24.7 engine and radio system operate.
IMPORTANT Before operating your new X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck, please read and understand the warnings listed on the next page. Failure
to do so could lead to bodily harm and/or injury. The XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is not intended for persons under 12 years of age,
unless closely supervised by an adult.
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
1
FOR YOUR SAFETY - PLEASE READ THESE WARNINGS FIRST!
FUEL WARNINGS
ENGINE WARNINGS
Never use any fuel in your engine other than glow fuels
specifically designed for use in model car engines. Use of any
other types of fuel can cause severe damage to the engine and/or
personal injury. NEVER use gasoline!
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Never operate your model on any public streets. This could
cause traffic accidents, personal injury or property damage.
Glow fuels like those used in your XTM Racing X-Factor are
poisonous. Follow all the precautions that are printed on the
fuel manufacturer's container.
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Keep fuel out of the reach of children.
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Glow fuel engines emit exhaust vapors that are poisonous
and can be dangerous to your health. It is important that you
operate your engine in a very well-ventilated area, preferably
outdoors.
Glow fuel is extremely flammable. Keep away from high heat,
sparks and flame.
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Before starting the engine, make sure that the throttle trim is
set to the idle position. Starting the engine at any setting above
idle can cause the model to lurch out of your hands.
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GENERAL WARNINGS
Under no circumstances should you operate your model in
crowds of people. Serious injury could result.
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Never operate your model on busy streets or if there are cars
around. Never drive your model at night, either.
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When the engine is running, there are certain parts that rotate
at high speeds. Be careful not to touch the drive shafts, gears,
clutch assembly or any other moving parts. Serious injury
could result.
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It is normal for the engine and exhaust pipe to get very hot
during operation. Never touch the engine or exhaust pipe
assembly while they are hot.
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Model car engines produce vibration when they are running. It
is important to periodically check the engine mounting screws,
exhaust pipe mounting screws and other assemblies to ensure
they are tight. Running the engine with the engine mounting
screws loose can lead to severe engine and/or chassis damage.
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Do not use your model to chase pets or other animals.
The radio system included in your model is not waterproof;
therefore, do not drive through water, wet grass, mud or snow.
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Because your model is operated by radio control, it is important
to make sure you always are using fresh and/or fully charged
batteries. Never allow the batteries to run low or you could lose
control of the model.
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If your model becomes stuck, allow the engine to idle, then
retrieve your model by hand.
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To prevent excessive r.p.m.'s from damaging the engine and/or
drive-train components, we suggest reducing throttle while in
the air during jumps.
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FOR YOUR INFORMATION
If you should have any trouble with any of the steps listed in these Operating Instructions, we have provided extensive troubleshooting
guides beginning on page # 14. The troubleshooting guides are provided to help you find a quick and immediate resolution to a number
of problems that might occur. If you cannot solve a problem using the troubleshooters, or if you have any other questions or concerns,
please contact us at the address below:
Global Services
18480 Bandilier Circle
Fountain Valley CA 92708
Phone: (714) 963-0329
Visit Our Website
http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
Fax: (714) 964-6236
Email: [email protected]
To allow us to serve your needs better, please include your email address with any correspondence you send to us. Your email
address will be added to our Customer Service Database so you will automatically receive free updates and tech notices for your
particular product. You will also receive repair status updates (if applicable) and other important information about your product as
it becomes available.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION ABOUT YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS
Global Hobby Distributors will not disclose the information it collects to outside parties. Global Hobby Distributors does not sell,
trade, or rent your personal information to others . Your privacy is important to us.
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Visit our website at http://xtm.globalhobby.com or for Customer Service at http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
SECTION 1: OUR RECOMMENDATIONS
This section lists the recommended items necessary to run and maintain your new X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck. We have tested these
items extensively with the X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck and found that they offer the best in reliability and value.
What Fuel Do I Use in My Nitro Truck?
Fuel can make a big difference in the way your engine performs. For the break-in period you should use a fuel specifically designed for
R/C car engines that contains no more than 20% nitromethane. Once the engine has been adequately broken in (about 45 minutes of
run-time) you can switch to an R/C car fuel containing up to, but no more than, 30% nitromethane.
We do not recommend using fuels designed for R/C airplane engine use. These fuels do not contain the proper amount of
lubricants; therefore, they will cause the engine to overheat and severe damage to the engine will result.
Use the following fuels for the best performance:
Trinity 16% Nitro Car Fuel - Part # 837826 (use this for break-in)
Trinity 20% Nitro Car Fuel - Part # 837828 (use this after break-in)
Trinity 30% Nitro Car Fuel - Part # 837832 (use this after break-in for more power)
Do I need to Use a Fuel Bottle?
Yes. Because fuel is packaged in quarts or gallons, you will need to
use a smaller bottle with an extension tube or wand to fill the fuel
tank. Fueling using this method is much easier and a lot less messy.
The Promax 500cc Fuel Bottle is a good choice.
Promax 500cc Fuel Bottle
Part # 360895
How Do I Remove the Glow Plug?
A long reach glow plug wrench is necessary to easily and quickly
remove and replace glow plugs. The Magnum 1/8 Scale Car Wrench
works great.
Magnum 1/8 Scale Car Wrench
Part # 237426
What Do I Use to Ignite the Glow Plug?
A glow starter is a battery-operated device that, when attached to
the glow plug, heats the glow plug so that the engine can start. The
glow starter is then removed after the engine is running. The
Magnum Glow Starter with Meter is a perfect choice. It comes
complete with a battery, charger and a built-in meter to let you know
if your glow plug is good.
Magnum Glow Starter
with Meter Part # 237438
Do I Need to Purchase Extra Glow Plugs?
Yes. Even though your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck comes with a glow plug already installed in the engine, glow plugs wear out,
especially during the break-in period; therefore, it's a good idea to have a couple of spares handy. The glow plug can make a big
difference in how your engine performs. We recommend using a "hot" type glow plug intended specifically for performance engines, like
the Thunderbolt # 3 (P/N 115559) or the McCoy MC-59 (P/N 690215), for the break-in period. After the break-in period you may want
to use a medium to cold heat-range plug like the Thunderbolt HD Long (P/N 115545) or the McCoy MC-8 (P/N 690205). Do not use
glow plugs intended for four cycle airplane engines. Using the wrong type of glow plug will cause the engine to run erratically and make
it difficult to tune properly.
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
3
SECTION 2: OTHER RECOMMENDED ITEMS
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Trinity "8 Pack" AA Alkaline batteries for the transmitter -- Part # 837801
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Trinity "4 Pack" AA Alkaline batteries for the receiver -- Part # 837800
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Trinity "Final Solution" after-run oil to "wet" the air filter and to lubricate the engine -- Part # 843744
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Emerald Nitro Car Cleaner to clean the chassis and engine -- Part # 340196
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Small, flat blade screwdriver to make engine adjustments
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# 2 Phillips head screwdriver to remove both the battery box and the receiver box
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Adjustable wrench to make chassis adjustments
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1.5mm hex wrench to make 2-speed transmission adjustments
SECTION 3: BECOMING FAMILIAR WITH YOUR X-FACTOR NITRO MONSTER TRUCK
Each radio system comes with stickers on the back of the transmitter and on the receiver showing which frequency the radio system
operates on (either in the 27Mhz or 75Mhz band). No two radio systems can operate nearby each other if they are on the same
frequency. You can purchase transmitter and receiver crystals separately and change them if you plan on running your X-Factor with
other people. We have provided a list of the frequencies that are available for your radio system.
Channel #
Frequency
Part # (tx/rx)
01
02
03
04
05
06
16.995
27.045
27.095
27.145
27.195
27.255
67427xx/66427xx
61
75.410
27Mhz
Through
75Mhz
90
67475xx/66475xx
75.990
Note that "xx" is the actual channel number
you want to purchase.
Battery Cover: This cover houses the 8 AA Alkaline batteries that power the transmitter.
Crystal: This is the frequency crystal of the transmitter. You can change crystals in both the transmitter and the receiver (in the chassis) so that you and
your friends can drive at the same time. No two radio systems nearby can be on the same frequency.
On/Off Switch: Turns the transmitter on and off. Two L.E.D.s show the power of the batteries.
Servo Reversing Switches: Allow you to quickly and easily switch the direction the servos rotate by just flipping the switches on the top of the
transmitter.
Steering Wheel: Controls the X-Factor's steering. Turn the wheel to the right and the X-Factor turns right. Turn the wheel to the left and the X-Factor
turns left.
Throttle/Brake Trigger: Controls the speed and braking ability of your X-Factor, and shifts your X-Factor from forward to reverse. Pull the trigger to
accelerate, release the trigger to decelerate, and push the trigger to brake. Hold the trigger in the full brake position for 5 seconds to shift the
transmission.
Trim Levers: These levers, one for steering and one for throttle/brake control, allow you to fine tune the servo's center by sliding the levers on the
transmitter.
Continued on Next Page
4
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Air Filter: The air filter is made of foam and prevents dirt and debris from entering the engine through the carburetor.
Battery Box: This is where the receiver battery is mounted. The battery box protects the battery from dust, dirt and oil.
Cantilever Rod: The cantilever rod actuates the cantilever shock.
Cantilever Shock: The shocks are oil-filled and use a spring that is well-suited for most off-road conditions. The shocks can be easily tuned for different
driving conditions. These shocks are mounted at the optimum position to work directly with the cantilever suspension system.
Multilink Suspension: Our Multilink suspension features unreal suspension travel. This allows you to drive your X-Factor over the most difficult
obstacles and the roughest terrain you can find.
Chassis: The chassis is what the main assemblies of the vehicle are mounted to. The X-Factor features a strong 3mm thick aluminum chassis plate.
Engine: The X-Factor includes the awesome XTM Racing 24.7 engine with pull-start for ease of use and brute power.
Exhaust Pipe: The exhaust pipe is an expansion muffler that greatly increases the power output of the engine.
Front Bumper: The bumper is molded from high-impact plastic to provide excellent dampening in case of a front-end crash.
Fuel Tank: The fuel tank holds the fuel that your engine uses. This fuel tank includes a fuel pressure nipple that connects to the exhaust pipe to
pressurize the fuel system.
On/Off Switch: Turns the receiver on and off. The on/off switch is protected from dust, dirt and oil by a silicon cover.
Pull-Start Assembly: Used to start the engine in place of an electric starter.
Receiver Box: This is where the receiver and R-Box electronic reverser are mounted. The receiver box protects the receiver and R-Box from dust,
dirt and oil.
Steering Servo: This servo controls the vehicle's steering. A "servo saver" is used to help prevent the servo gears from being stripped out.
Steering Tie Rod: The tie rod connects the steering linkage and the castor block. The tie rods are adjustable so you can make toe angle adjustments.
Throttle/Brake Servo: This servo controls both the engine's throttle and the vehicle's brake.
Torsion Bar: The torsion bar prevents excessive chassis roll during cornering. The X-Factor includes two torsion bars.
Transmission Servo: In conjunction with the R-Box electronic reverser, this servo controls the forward and reverse shifting mechanism of the transmission.
Wheel/Tire Assembly: The X-Factor includes molded rubber tires with a tread pattern that is good for most off-road applications. The wheels are
molded in one piece from high-impact plastic for strength and are chrome-plated for good looks.
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
5
SECTION 4: PREPARING TO RUN YOUR X-FACTOR NITRO MONSTER TRUCK
Now that you are familiar with the major component parts of your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck, and with the functions of the Hitec Lynx
Sport transmitter, it's time to prepare your X-Factor for its first run.
Step 1: Final Assembly
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❑ Push the antenna down into the molded hole ❑ Remove the plastic battery cover.
in the top of the transmitter.
❑ Install 8 AA Alkaline batteries into the battery
tray, making sure that the polarity is correct.
❑ Thread the antenna (clockwise) into place
and tighten it gently until it stops.
❑ Reinstall the battery cover.
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❑ Remove the two screws holding the battery
box in place, then remove the battery box from
the chassis.
❑ Remove the battery holder from the battery box.
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❑ Install 4 AA Alkaline batteries into the battery ❑ Carefully plug the two red connectors firmly ❑ Carefully insert the end of the receiver antenna
holder, making sure that the polarity is correct. together, then push the battery holder into the wire into one end of the plastic antenna tube.
battery box along with the wires and connectors.
Note: Make sure that the batteries are pushed ❑ Reinstall the battery box, making sure that you ❑ Slide the antenna through the tube and out
firmly into place.
don't pinch the wires.
the other end.
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❑ Push the end of the plastic tube firmly into the ❑ Slide the transmitter's on/off switch to turn on ❑ Slide the receiver's on/off switch to turn the
the transmitter. The green LED should glow receiver on. You should hear the servos move to
molded hole in the receiver box cover.
their proper positions.
brightly.
Note: Leave the excess antenna hanging from Note: If the green LED does not glow or if the red Note: Always turn on the transmitter first, followed
the top of the tube. Under no circumstances LED is glowing, check the batteries and replace by the receiver. After you're done, turn off the
receiver first, then turn off the transmitter.
should you cut or shorten the antenna.
them if necessary.
Continued on Next Page
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Step 2: Range Checking the Radio System
To prevent any chance of a runaway model, the radio system should be range checked before the first run of the day and/or after a crash.
To range check the radio system, do the following:
❑
With the transmitter and receiver turned on, extend the transmitter antenna completely.
☞ Remember to always turn on the transmitter first, then turn on the receiver.
❑ With the X-Factor on the ground (without the engine running) walk away from it about 150 feet. Move the steering wheel while
looking at the X-Factor's wheels. The wheels should pivot back and forth as you rotate the steering wheel back and forth.
Important Tip: Because of the X-Factor's weight and large wheels, the steering won't operate perfectly smoothly unless you lift the
front of the truck off the ground. This tendency goes away as soon as the truck is rolling.
☞
If the radio system does not operate properly, please refer to the troubleshooting guide starting on page # 14 before going further.
Important Warning: Never attempt to operate your X-Factor if the radio control system is not functioning properly. Doing so
could be harmful to others around you and/or to you or your truck.
Step 3: Double-Check the Steering and Throttle/Brake Controls
❑ With the transmitter and the X-Factor turned on, rotate the
transmitter's wheel forward (to the right). The front wheels on the
X-Factor should turn right.
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If they don't, flip the steering servo reversing switch on the top
of the transmitter to change the direction.
❑ Rotate the transmitter's wheel backward (to the left). The front
wheels on the X-Factor should turn left. Let go of the wheel. The
X-Factor's wheels should return to center.
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If the wheels do not point straight ahead (center) after you
return the steering wheel to center, move the steering trim lever on
the transmitter to adjust the wheels so that they point straight ahead.
IMPORTANT Again, because of the X-Factor's weight and large
wheels, the steering won't operate perfectly smoothly unless you lift
the front of the truck off the ground. To test wheel centering, we
suggest lifting the front of the truck off the ground.
Continued on Next Page
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7
❑
Pull the air filter assembly off the carburetor.
❑ Pull back on the throttle trigger. The carburetor barrel should
slide open completely and the brake should be disengaged.
❑ Let go of the trigger and the carburetor barrel should slide
back to its idle position - open about 1/16". The brake should still
be disengaged.
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If the carburetor barrel does not open when you pull back on
the trigger, flip the throttle servo reversing switch on the top of the
transmitter to change the direction.
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If the carburetor barrel does not open completely, move the
throttle trim lever on the transmitter until the barrel is opened completely
when you pull back completely on the trigger.
❑ Push the throttle trigger forward. The carburetor barrel should
stay in the idle position and the brake lever should move and
engage the brake.
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Let go of the trigger and the brake lever should disengage.
☞
You can adjust the brake linkage by sliding the wheel collar (on
the brake linkage wire) forward or back. See page # 13 "Adjusting
the Brake Linkage" for more details.
❑
Turn off the transmitter and receiver for now and push the air
filter back onto the carburetor.
Step 4: Using the XTM Racing R-Box Electronic Reverser
Your XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is equipped with a forward and reverse transmission that uses the XTM R-Box electronic
reverser to shift from forward to reverse or from reverse to forward by simply using your transmitter's throttle trigger. The R-Box
incorporates adjustable settings and the delayed response to switching transmission directions does not interfere with braking control.
Your R-Box system is completely set up from the factory, but this section explains setting up the R-Box should you ever need to in the future.
To shift the X-Factor from forward to reverse, push the throttle trigger to apply full brake. While holding full brake,
wait 3-5 seconds and the transmission will shift into reverse. To shift from reverse to forward, push the throttle trigger
to apply full brake. While holding full brake, wait 3-5 seconds and the transmission will shift into forward.
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Connect the R-Box as shown at left.
Switch on the transmitter and the receiver.
Hold the throttle trigger in the full brake position. While holding the
trigger in this position, push the "set" button on the R-Box until the
RED LED illuminates.
Release the "set" button and the throttle trigger.
Push the throttle trigger out to the full brake position and HOLD. After
3-5 seconds, the transmission servo will change from forward to
reverse. Release the trigger.
Push the trigger out to the full brake position and hold again. The
transmission will shift direction again. It is now ready to use.
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SECTION 5: BECOMING FAMILIAR WITH THE XTM RACING 24.7 NITRO ENGINE
Your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck comes equipped with the user-friendly and powerful XTM Racing 24.7 nitro engine.
Before starting the engine for the first time, please read these next two sections carefully.
Please refer to the photo below to familiarize yourself with your engine's carburetor. You should have a small flat blade screwdriver
handy to make adjustments to the carburetor.
Idle Stop Screw:
The idle stop screw is preset from the factory and should not
require adjustment. The idle stop screw adjusts the closure of
the throttle barrel. We recommend that the idle stop screw be
adjusted so that the carburetor barrel stays open about 1/16".
Turning the screw clockwise will cause the barrel to stay open
more. Turning the screw counterclockwise will allow the barrel to
close more.
High Speed Needle Valve:
The high speed needle valve is preset from the factory for the initial starting procedure. Do not make adjustments to it at this time. The
high speed needle valve is used to meter the air/fuel mixture at full throttle. Turn the needle clockwise to lean the mixture or turn the
needle counter-clockwise to richen the mixture. When you start the engine for the very first time, the needle valve should be turned in
completely, then backed out 3 turns. When you start the engine after that, leave the needle valve in the same position it was in when you
shut down the engine.
Low Speed Needle Valve:
The low speed needle valve is preset from the factory for the initial starting procedure. Do not make adjustments to it at this time. The
low speed needle valve meters the air/fuel mixture at idle and during transition from idle to full throttle. Turn the low speed needle
clockwise to lean the mixture. Turn it counterclockwise to richen the mixture. The low speed needle valve is preset from the factory, but
minor adjustments may need to be made to suit your application: fuel used, glow plug and environment all contribute to the setting. To
reset the low speed needle valve to the factory setting, follow these simple procedures:
❑
Open the carburetor barrel completely.
❑ While holding the barrel open with your finger, use a flat blade screwdriver to turn the idle mixture needle clockwise until it stops.
From this point, turn the needle counter-clockwise 7-1/2 turns. This is the factory setting.
SECTION 6: BREAKING IN THE XTM RACING 24.7 NITRO ENGINE
Fuel Recommendation:
Fuel can make a big difference in the way your engine performs. For the break-in period you should use a fuel specifically designed for
R/C car engines that contains no more than 20% nitromethane. Once the engine has been adequately broken in (about 45 minutes of
run-time) you can switch to an R/C car fuel containing up to, but no more than, 30% nitromethane.
☞ We do not recommend using fuels designed for R/C airplane engine use.
These fuels do not contain the proper amount of
lubricants; therefore, they will cause the engine to overheat and severe damage to the engine will result.
Glow Plug Recommendation:
The glow plug can make a big difference in how your engine performs. We recommend using a "hot" type glow plug intended specifically
for performance engines like the Thunderbolt # 3 (P/N 115559) or the McCoy MC-59 (P/N 690215) during the break-in process. After the
break-in period you may want to use a medium to cold heat-range plug like the Thunderbolt HD Long (P/N 115545) or the McCoy
MC-8 (P/N 690205). Do not use glow plugs intended for four cycle airplane engines. Using the wrong type of glow plug will cause the
engine to run erratically and make it difficult to tune properly.
Air Filter:
The air filter is a very important part of your engine. Failure to use the air filter will damage the engine in a very short period of time. If
you are driving the model in very dusty conditions, we suggest wetting the air filter with after-run oil to prevent fine dust particles from
passing through the filter element.
Continued on Next Page
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
9
Step 1: Fueling and Starting the Engine
WARNING!! PLEASE READ THIS BEFORE STARTING YOUR ENGINE FOR THE FIRST TIME!!
If at any time the pull-start becomes very tight or difficult to pull - STOP! The engine has become flooded and the excess fuel
must be removed or damage to the pull-start and/or engine could occur. To remove the excess fuel from the engine follow the
procedures listed below:
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Completely close the high speed needle valve (turn it clockwise gently) until it bottoms out.
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Remove the glow plug from the cylinder head.
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With a rag over the top of the engine, pull the pull-start cord several times to clear the excess fuel from the engine.
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Check to make sure the glow plug has not been fouled, then reinstall it.
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Reset the high speed needle valve 3 turns out from bottom. (Turn it counter-clockwise.)
IMPORTANT The following photos show the air filter removed for clarity. Under no circumstances should you operate the engine
without the air filter installed. The air filter prevents dust and debris from entering the engine and damaging it. If you operate your
engine at any time without the air filter installed, the engine will not be covered under warranty should it need repair.
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❑ Lift the fuel tank lid and carefully fill the fuel ❑ Prime the engine by first opening the throttle
tank until the fuel level is just below the top of completely and covering the openings in the exhaust
the tank.
pipe with your fingers, then pull the pull-start
cord several times until you see fuel just start to
Note: Use fuel that is appropriate for nitro
enter the carburetor through the fuel line.
car/buggy engines. Do NOT use gasoline!
Note: Do not pull the cord all the way out or
damage to the pull-starter will occur.
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5
3
❑ Remove your finger from the openings in the
exhaust pipe and close the throttle.
❑ While holding the model with one hand,
carefully pull on the pull-start cord 3 times using
short, quick pulls.
Important: If you can't turn the engine over using
the pull start, don't force it. The engine is probably
flooded. See the warning and resolution above.
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❑ When you need to stop the engine, carefully
❑ Connect a fully charged glow starter to the top ❑ While holding the model with one hand, carepinch the fuel line with your fingers until the engine
of the glow plug.
fully pull on the pull-start cord until the engine starts.
stops. Make sure to pinch the fuel pick-up line
Note: Make sure that the glow starter is locked ❑ After the engine starts, release the pull-start and not the fuel pressure line. The fuel pick-up
firmly onto the top of the glow plug.
cord and remove the glow starter from the engine. line is connected to the carburetor.
Note: If the engine does not start after a dozen Note: Be careful not to touch any parts of the
pulls, refer to the troubleshooting guide starting engine or exhaust pipe because they will be hot.
on page # 14 before going further.
Continued on Next Page
10
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Step 2: Breaking In the Engine
Important Note: The XTM Racing 24.7 nitro engine is an
ABC engine. The cylinder sleeve is tapered at the top, causing
severe resistance when the piston moves through the top of
the stroke. This is normal. When the engine heats up to
operating temperature, this resistance will decrease and the
proper clearance will be achieved. The break-in procedure
will guide you through the steps necessary to properly break
in your new engine. Please follow the steps closely.
The break-in process allows the engine parts to perfectly fit to
each other and properly protect each part from premature
wear. The engine should be broken in using a good quality
R/C car fuel that contains no more than 20% nitromethane.
❑ Follow the previous procedures to fill the fuel tank and start
the engine.
❑ Once the engine starts, keep the glow starter attached to the
glow plug and let the engine run for about 1 minute without giving
it throttle. This will allow the engine to warm up. At this point the
engine should be running very "rich" and there should be excessive
white smoke coming from the exhaust pipe.
❑ After the engine has been running for about 1 minute, remove
the glow starter from the glow plug. Advance the throttle in short,
quick bursts and drive the X-Factor around for about 2-3 minutes.
If the engine is running rich enough, you should notice excessive
white smoke coming from the exhaust and the engine should sound
like it’s running very rough. Also, the X-Factor will barely be
moving. If there is not excessive white smoke coming from the
exhaust, richen the high speed needle valve. After 2-3 minutes
stop the engine by pinching the fuel line to the carburetor.
❑ Let the engine cool for approximately 10 minutes, then restart
it. Set the high speed needle valve mixture to a slightly leaner
setting, about 1/8 turn more in. Repeat the procedure above then
stop the engine and let it cool for approximately 10 minutes.
❑ Repeat the procedure above, while leaning the needle valve
slightly more each time. In all, you should run the engine a total of
about 45 minutes. After 45 minutes of run-time the engine will be
broken in. Run the engine with the needle valve set slightly rich,
but lean enough to power the X-Factor. At this point the engine
should hold a good setting on the high speed needle valve and
you can begin to fine tune the needle valve settings to increase
performance.
VERY IMPORTANT
It is of the utmost importance that the engine never be leaned
out too much. When running the engine, you should always
be able to see a trail of white smoke coming from the exhaust
pipe. If you can’t, stop the engine immediately and richen the
mixture. You should also make sure there is plenty of air
flowing over the cylinder head to keep the engine from
overheating.
Step 3: Fine Tuning the Engine
IMPORTANT
Be careful to never lean out the engine too much. Remember
that the lubricants for your engine are suspended in the fuel.
If you lean out the fuel mixture too much you will also be
lowering the amount of lubricant entering your engine. Less
lubricant means more chance of your engine overheating and
possible engine failure.
Setting the High Speed Needle Valve:
❑ Start the engine and remove the glow starter from the glow
plug. Allow the engine to warm up for about 1 minute.
❑ After the engine has warmed up, drive the X-Factor as you
normally would. If the engine seems to be running rich, lean the
mixture screw about 1/16 of a turn at a time until the desired
setting is achieved. Always make sure you run the engine slightly
rich - you want to be able to see a white exhaust trail at all times.
☞ To get more power from your engine you can use fuels
containing up to 30% nitromethane. We must caution you, though,
that once you run the engine with increased nitro you may not get
satisfactory results if you decide to go back to a lower nitro
content. Also, if you use fuels containing 30% nitro, we highly
suggest adding a .10mm head gasket (# 148418) to lower the
compression ratio. If you don’t lower the compression ratio,
overheating and erratic running will likely occur.
Setting the Low Speed Needle Valve:
❑ Start the engine and lean out the high speed needle valve as
per the previous procedures. Close the throttle until the engine
slows down enough so that the clutch is disengaged and the wheels
don’t turn when the truck is lifted from the ground. Allow the
engine to idle for about 10-15 seconds.
❑ While holding the truck off the ground (making sure to keep
your fingers out of the moving parts) quickly open the throttle in a
short burst. If the engine just stops running as soon as the throttle
is advanced, the idle mixture is too lean. With the engine stopped,
richen the idle mixture about 1/16 of a turn.
❑ Restart the engine and repeat the procedure above until the
engine will transition smoothly and quickly. Very slight hesitation
in the transition is normal.
❑ If you quickly advance the throttle and the engine seems to be
very rich during transition (i.e., lots of smoke coming from the
exhaust and very rough sounding), the idle mixture is too rich. With
the engine stopped, lean the idle mixture about 1/16 of a turn.
❑ Restart the engine and repeat the procedure above until the
engine will transition smoothly and quickly. Very slight hesitation
in the transition is normal.
❑ Now drive the X-Factor as you normally would for a while to
get a feel for how the engine reacts to throttle. Now that you know
the proper way to tune the engine, you can make slight adjustments
to the carburetor until you are satisfied with the performance.
After your engine has been broken in, you can set the high and
low speed needle valves for optimum engine performance.
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
11
SECTION 7: MAKING ADJUSTMENTS TO YOUR X-FACTOR NITRO MONSTER TRUCK
This section deals with the basic adjustments you can make to get the most out of your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck.
Step 1: Adjusting the Toe Angle
The toe angle is the angle of both front tires (or rear tires) to each other - when viewed from above. Toe-in (both tires pointing toward
each other) on the front will make your X-Factor track straighter, but the steering will be more sensitive. Toe-out (both tires pointing away
from each other) on the front will desensitize the steering, making the X-Factor a little more driver-friendly.
For the rear tires, if you're running on a smooth surface, we suggest no toe-in. If you are running on a rough surface, we suggest about
1 - 2 degrees of toe-in. This will give the rear end a little more "bite."
Recommended Initial Settings:
●
0 degrees toe-in on the front and rear for overall best 4WD driveability on most surfaces.
☞
Adding more than 3 degrees of toe-in or toe-out will result in excessive loss of speed and erratic
handling. Adjust the toe-in on both the front and rear by turning the tie rods with an adjustable wrench.
IMPORTANT For more precise toe-in adjustments, use the R.P.M. Toe-in Gauge part # 708049.
Step 2: Adjusting Shock Spring Tension
By adjusting the spring tension of the shocks, you can increase steering sensitivity and increase the ride-height of the X-Factor. How you
drive your X-Factor will dictate what settings you should be using. As an example, if you're using your X-Factor off-road and going over
lots of jumps, you may want to increase the spring tension of the front shocks to help prevent the front of the truck from bottoming out.
Increase or decrease spring tension by adding or removing the different thickness nylon shock clips
provided with your X-Factor kit.
Recommended Initial Settings:
●
We recommend initially using the shock clips already installed on the shocks.
☞
When adjusting the spring tension, make sure to adjust the right and left sides equally.
IMPORTANT For precision shock adjustments, use the Trinity Off-Road Shock Dyno part # 840021.
Step 3: Adjusting the Slipper Clutch
Adjusting the slipper clutch allows you to fine tune how the X-Factor reacts when giving it throttle. Driving the X-Factor with the slipper
clutch too tight will usually result in the truck doing wheelies instead of accelerating forward. Driving the X-Factor with the slipper clutch
too loose will result in very poor or no acceleration at all.
Tighten the slipper clutch by turning the hex nut clockwise. Loosen the slipper clutch by turning the
hex nut counter-clockwise.
Recommended Initial Settings:
●
The slipper clutch comes factory set. It should not need adjustment.
☞
If you do adjust the slipper clutch, make adjustments in 1/4 turn increments until you are
satisfied with the result.
Continued on Next Page
12
Visit our website at http://xtm.globalhobby.com or for Customer Service at http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
Step 4: Removing the Torsion Bars
The torsion bars located across the cantilever suspension arms are installed to give the truck more stability under typical driving conditions.
These torsion bars stiffen the suspension, making the truck easier to drive at high speeds or on flat surfaces. For extreme off-road
driving conditions where you would be driving slower but would want the suspension to have full travel, you should remove both torsion
bars. This will allow the cantilever suspension to articulate completely.
●
Remove the torsion bars by simply cutting off the nylon tie straps and pulling the torsion bars out of the suspension arms. To
reinstall the torsion bars, use new nylon tie straps to secure them into place.
IMPORTANT With the torsion bars removed, the X-Factor will be much more prone to rolling over at high speeds, especially
during cornering.
Step 5: Shock Oil
Changing the shock oil (the oil inside the shocks) will change the dampening characteristics of the shocks. Typically, if you are running
on smooth surfaces, use a heavier weight oil. If you are running on rough surfaces, use a lighter weight oil.
☞
We recommend using only 100% Silicon Shock Oil. Do not use motor oil. The shock oil in the X-Factor's shocks is good for most
off-road applications.
Step 6: Adjusting the Brake Linkage
The throttle/brake linkage in your X-Factor is preset from the factory; however, after running your X-Factor you may find that the brake
linkage needs adjusting. With the transmitter and receiver turned on, and the throttle/brake trim lever centered, the X-Factor should roll
smoothly (i.e., the brake should be disengaged). If the brake is dragging when the throttle trigger is at neutral, the brake disc will wear
out very quickly. To ensure that the brake is disengaged, always make sure that there is a 1/8" gap between the linkage collar and the
brake lever.
☞ If you need to make adjustments to the brake, simply loosen the set screw in the wheel collar next to the brake lever and reposition
it, then retighten the set screw.
Step 7: Adjusting the 2-Speed Transmission Shift Point
The transmission shift point has been preset for you, but it is possible to fine tune the adjustment to suit your driving style. The shift point
is the point at which the 2-speed transmission will shift from first gear to second gear. Adjust the shift point by turning the small set screw
in the aluminum 2-speed clutch housing using a 1.5mm hex wrench. Turning the set screw clockwise will make the transmission
shift at a higher speed. Turning the set screw counter-clockwise will make the transmission shift at a lower speed.
Recommended Initial Settings:
●
The 2-speed transmission has been preset for you. No adjustments are necessary.
☞
The adjustment screw is located in aluminum 2-speed clutch housing in the transmission. To
access the screw you must remove the nylon cover plate as shown, then rotate the spur gear until the
access hole in the 2-speed clutch housing is visible. The set screw is deep inside the access hole
and is most easily accessed using a hex wrench with a ball-end.
IMPORTANT There are two screws in the 2-speed clutch housing. One uses a 1.5mm hex wrench
and the other uses a 2.5mm hex wrench. Do not adjust the 3mm cap screw. Make sure to adjust the
set screw.
Step 8: Adjusting the Forward/Reverse Shift Lever Linkage
The forward/reverse shift lever linkage in your X-Factor is preset from the factory; however, there are times you might have to readjust
it, such as after maintenance.
To reset the linkage properly, angle the servo arm just slightly ahead of center. With the servo
arm in that position, move the shift lever until it's straight up and down.
●
With the shift lever straight up and down, adjust the forward-most wheel collar so it's up
against the shift lever, then adjust the rear-most wheel collar so that it's about 1/16" in front of
the end of the linkage wire. Make sure to tighten the set screws in the wheel collars firmly.
●
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
13
SECTION 8: MAINTAINING YOUR X-FACTOR NITRO MONSTER TRUCK
Following a simple maintenance schedule will ensure that your X-Factor, 24.7 engine and radio system operate in top condition every
time you use them. It is strongly suggested.
● Check the foam air filter element for dirt blockage. If the foam is dirty,
remove it from the filter housing and wash it in liquid soap and warm
water. Dry the foam element with a paper towel, reinstall it and "wet"
it with after-run oil.
● Check the chassis for any loose screws, especially the engine and
exhaust pipe mounting screws. Tighten them if necessary.
Check the steering linkage, transmission linkage and the throttle/brake
linkage for any signs of wear or misalignment. Tighten and/or readjust
them if necessary.
●
Once in a while, remove the wheels and clean the wheel bearings using
a bearing cleaner. This will remove any dust and grit that may, over
time, damage the bearings. After cleaning the bearings, re-oil them using
a good quality bearing oil. Never run the bearings dry or damage to the
bearings will result.
●
● Check the fuel system, including the fuel tank and fuel lines, for any
signs of cracking or looseness. Replace any fuel line you suspect may
be damaged.
● Periodically check the condition of the transmitter and receiver batteries.
If you think they might be low, replace them with a fresh set.
After a period of time the chassis will accumulate a lot of dirt and
debris, especially around the engine area. This build-up should be
cleaned off using a high-powered spray cleaner like Emerald Nitro Car
Cleaner. Some nitro car cleaners will damage anodized and/or plated
parts. Test on an inconspicuous area first.
●
After cleaning the chassis and engine with Nitro Car Cleaner you
should oil the moving parts of the chassis. Do not oil the clutch bell,
spur gear or the brake disc.
●
Always use new fuel and keep the cap on the fuel tightly closed. As
fuel ages it absorbs water, which degrades the fuel's performance and
will cause erratic engine operation.
●
After you have finished using the engine for the day, remove the glow
plug and squirt several drops of a high-quality after-run oil into the
cylinder. Reinstall the glow plug and crank the engine over a couple of
times (without the glow starter attached) to distribute the oil. This will
prevent corrosion inside the engine.
●
Never leave unused fuel in the fuel tank for more than a couple of
days. The nitromethane and methanol in the fuel will evaporate,
leaving the oil behind. This will eventually turn into a thick sludge that
will require replacement of the fuel tank to fix.
●
● If you've removed any machine screws from aluminum parts while
performing maintenance on your truck, when reinstalling the screws,
use lock-tite to secure them into place. Lock-tite will prevent vibration
from loosening the screws.
SECTION 9: X-FACTOR NITRO MONSTER TRUCK TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
This troubleshooting guide has been provided to help you diagnose and solve most problems that you may encounter with your X-Factor
Nitro Monster Truck. Most problems encountered can be solved by carefully following the problem-cause-solution sections. If you
cannot solve the problem using this troubleshooting guide, please feel free to contact us at the address, phone number or email address
shown on the second page of this operating manual.
If You're Having a Problem with the Hitec Lynx Sport Radio System:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
1) Radio system does not operate
A) Transmitter and/or receiver batteries are low
B) Batteries are installed incorrectly
C) Receiver battery connector is loose
A) Replace transmitter and/or receiver batteries
B) Check that the polarity of the batteries is correct
C) Check that receiver battery connector is plugged in and tight
2) Operating range is short
A)
B)
C)
D)
A)
B)
C)
D)
3) Servos do not operate normally
A) Transmitter and/or receiver batteries are low
B) Servo gear stripped or otherwise damaged
A) Replace transmitter and/or receiver batteries
B) Return to Hitec/RCD for repair
4) When engine is running, radio
system operates erratically
A) Receiver crystal is loose
B) Receiver battery connector is loose
C) Damage to receiver after a crash
A) Remove and reinstall the receiver crystal
B) Check that receiver battery connector is tight
C) Return to Hitec/RCD for repair
Transmitter antenna is retracted
Receiver antenna is not extended
Receiver antenna is cut
Transmitter and/or receiver batteries are low
Extend transmitter antenna completely
Extend receiver antenna completely
Return receiver to Hitec/RCD for repair
Replace transmitter and/or receiver batteries
Continued on Next Page
14
Visit our website at http://xtm.globalhobby.com or for Customer Service at http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
If You're Having a Problem with the XTM Racing 24.7 Engine and/or Pull-Start Assembly:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
1) Engine does not start
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
F)
Failed glow plug
Glow Starter not charged and/or faulty
Idle mixture screw set too lean
Old or contaminated fuel
Engine flooded with too much fuel
Air leak in fuel system and/or engine
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
F)
Replace glow plug with new one
Fully charge glow starter and/or replace
Reset idle mixture to factory setting (P9)
Replace with new fuel
Remove glow plug and expel fuel from cylinder (P10)
Replace fuel lines and/or tighten all engine bolts
2) Engine does not draw fuel
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Air leak in fuel system and/or engine
High speed needle valve fully closed
Idle mixture screw set too lean
Fuel lines kinked
Defective fuel tank
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
Replace fuel lines and/or tighten all engine bolts
Reset high speed needle valve to factory setting (P9)
Reset idle mixture to factory setting (P9)
Check and straighten fuel lines
Replace fuel tank
3) Engine does not transition
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
F)
Failed and/or wrong type glow plug
Old and/or wrong type fuel
High speed needle valve set too rich
Idle mixture set too lean
Idle mixture set too rich
Air leak in fuel system and/or engine
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
F)
Replace with new recommended glow plug
Replace with new recommended fuel
Reset high speed needle valve to leaner setting (P11)
Set idle mixture richer (P11)
Set idle mixture leaner (P11)
Replace fuel lines and/or tighten all engine bolts
4) Engine overheats
A)
B)
C)
D)
Engine running too lean
Body too restrictive
Wrong type of fuel used
Engine not fully broken in
A)
B)
C)
D)
Richen high speed needle valve (P11)
Open larger vents in body to allow air to enter and exit
Use fuel recommended only for R/C cars
Allow engine further break-in time
5) Engine vibrates excessively
A) Engine and/or engine mounts loose
A) Tighten all engine and engine mounting bolts
6) Engine does not idle down
A) Idle stop screw out of adjustment
B) Engine has developed an air leak
C) One or more carburetor O-rings damaged
A) Adjust idle stop screw to factory setting (P9)
B) Check and tighten all engine screws
C) Replace carburetor O-rings
If You're Having a Problem with the X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck Chassis:
PROBLEM
CAUSE
SOLUTION
1) X-Factor pulls to one side
A) Steering trim out of adjustment
B) Toe-in not equal
C) Wheel on one side is hanging or has damaged bearing
A) Readjust trim to center both wheels
B) Readjust the toe-in to 0 degrees.
C) Remove wheel and clean bearing. Replace if necessary
2) Brake seems ineffective
A) Brake linkage out of adjustment
B) Brake disc worn
A) Readjust brake linkage (P13)
B) Replace brake disc
3) Clutch does not engage
A) Clutch shoes damaged or worn
B) Clutch bell damaged or worn
C) Flywheel is loose
A) Replace clutch shoes
B) Replace clutch bell
C) Tighten flywheel retaining nut
4) Clutch does not disengage
A) Clutch springs worn or damaged
A) Replace clutch springs
5) X-Factor does not "go"
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
A)
B)
C)
D)
E)
6) Suspension not smooth or free
A) One or more shocks sticking
B) Bent shock shaft
C) Damaged suspension component
A) Clean and/or rebuild the affected shock
B) Rebuild affected shock
C) Check and replace damaged components
7) Shocks leaking oil
A) Shock seals worn
B) Bent shock shaft
A) Replace shock seals
B) Rebuild affected shock
8) X-Factor flips over backward
when giving throttle
A) Slipper clutch set too tight
A) Loosen slipper clutch until truck accelerates
smoothly (P12)
9) 2-speed transmission shifts
at too low a speed
A) Shift point not adjusted properly
A) Turn set screw in 2-speed clutch housing counterclockwise 1/4 turn or until satisfied with the shift point (P13)
10) 2-speed transmission shifts
at too high a speed
A) Shift point not adjusted properly
A) Turn set screw in 2-speed clutch housing clockwise
1/4 turn or until satisfied with the shift point (P13)
Stripped spur gear
Stripped differential gear(s)
Slipper clutch set too loose
Transmission not working properly
R-Box not set up correctly
Replace spur gear
Replace differential gear(s)
Tighten slipper clutch (P12)
Check and adjust transmission linkage rod (P13)
Reset R-Box (P8)
Need help or have any questions? Call us at 1-714-963-0329 or send us an Email at [email protected]
15
IMPORTANT WARRANTY INFORMATION - PLEASE READ!
Your XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is warranted against manufacturer defects in materials and workmanship for a
period of 90 days from the date of purchase. Warranty service will be provided within 90 days of the date of purchase only if you are
able to provide the original or a copy of the original dated sales receipt.
SPECIAL NOTICE
The radio control system preinstalled in your XTM Racing X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is manufactured and warranted by Hitec/RCD
North America. This includes the transmitter, receiver, servos, battery box and on/off switch. This does not include the XTM
Racing R-Box electronic reverser. Do not return the radio system to Global Services. It must be removed from the X-Factor and
returned to Hitec/RCD at the address shown:
Hitec/RCD, Inc.
Attn: Customer Service Center
12115 Paine Street
Poway, CA 92064
IMPORTANT WARRANTY SERVICE INFORMATION
Before returning your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck for warranty consideration, the status of the unit must be within the guarantee as
stated above. Do not return your X-Factor to the place of purchase. They are not authorized or equipped to perform warranty work on
XTM Racing products. When requesting warranty service, please observe the following:
●
Crash damage will not be covered under warranty. Do not request warranty service for a crash-damaged product.
If you are requesting warranty on anything other than just the radio control system, always send your X-Factor complete with the
transmitter. Please unplug and/or remove the batteries both from the transmitter and the X-Factor before returning it. We like to have
the X-Factor complete so it can be thoroughly tested before returning it to you.
●
If you are requesting warranty service for only the radio system do not send the radio system or the X-Factor to us. Remove the radio
system from the X-Factor and return it to Hitec/RCD for warranty consideration. See Special Notice above.
●
Include a note detailing the problem or service you are requesting. Service cannot be provided without this information. Include your
daytime phone number, shipping address and/or email address in the event we need more details pertaining to the service requested.
●
If your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck is out of the warranty period you may request an estimate of services at the time you return your
X-Factor for service. An omission of this request implies permission for Global Services to service your X-Factor at our discretion.
●
●
Include a method of payment for any service charges.
●
Send the unit to us by United Parcel Service, Federal Express or by Insured Mail. Postage is non-refundable. Send your package to:
Global Services
18480 Bandilier Circle
Fountain Valley CA 92708
Phone: (714) 963-0329
Visit Our Website
http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
Fax: (714) 964-6236
Email: [email protected]
PURCHASING REPLACEMENT PARTS
Included in your X-Factor Nitro Monster Truck kit is a separate listing of available replacement parts. The part numbers for each part are
provided for ordering convenience. Replacement parts are available through your local authorized XTM Racing dealer or directly from us.
To locate the dealer nearest you, please call us at (714) 963-0133 or visit our dealer directory on the Internet at
www.globalhobby.com/where2buy.htm
or Order Directly From Us at the Address, Phone Number or Web Site Shown Above
16
Visit our website at http://xtm.globalhobby.com or for Customer Service at http://globalservices.globalhobby.com
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