ASTRO U term kcsal d
Modular IP head-end solutions
for high density signal processing
Going future today.
A B
IP Mgmt A B
IP Data A B
AC 1
AC 2
Slot
PSU 1
Slot
PSU 2
A B
A B
Slot
1
A B
Slot
2
Slot
3
U 100-230
RF 1.1
RF 1.2
RF 2.1
RF 2.2
RF 3.1
RF 3.2
The U 100 series
Made in
Germany
ASTRO - System provider for
head-end components
With more than 65 years of experience in reception technology ASTRO is your competent partner for head-end HFC network layout.
ASTRO supports integrators with its own planning department that delivers software aided
network designs. Installers can be sure to be
provided with an optimized head-end system,
suitable for the required application.
Quality „Made in Germany“
ASTRO head-end components are „Made in
Germany“. Each device of the U series is developed and produced in Bensberg close to Cologne.
Made in
Germany
A complete range of system components
NTSC
zz 19 inch base units
To guarantee a maximum reliability, the base units
of the U 100 series can optionally be equipped
with two redundnat power supply units. Each
base unit can house up to 3 modules.
zz Management controller
The U 100-C controller module in conjunction with
its browser based configuration makes managing
your IP head-end easy via one single IP-address.
You always get a complete overview of your rack
with status indications and the option for different
management tasks.
zz IP streamers
Want to process DVB-S2, DVB-C, DVB-T or DVBT2 input signals into IP? The U series streamers
offer output of up to 4 or 8 IP multicast groups, so
you can handle up to 12 or 24 streams per 19 inch
rack unit.
zz Signal converters with integrated
IP front end
COFDM, PAL / NTSC, QAM or FM output requested? The U series delivers it all. And each module
features its own IP front end.
zz Descrambler
The U 194 module handles up to 4 transportstreams (4 x IP > 4 x IP) and features Multi-Service-Descrambling.
The U 100 series IP head-end
A flexible system with outstanding signal quality
The U 100 series offers a complete, adaptive IP signal processing solution with
highly modular architecture allowing for easy configuration and maintenance
via web browser interface as well as maximum operation reliability by redundant power supply and sophisticated redundancy mechanisms.
ASTRO‘s Direct Digital technology makes it possible to reach system parameters,
which earlier seemed to be unrealistic in compact head-end technology. Offering
additional system resources as well as high-end video and audio parameters,
new benchmarks have been created regarding the flexibility of configuration.
Where to find what
Why choose the U 100 series?
U 100 base unit
page 04 - 05
page 06
Modules of the U 100 series
page 07
Configuration and maintenance
page 08 - 09
The U 100 redundancy concept
page 10 - 11
Application solutions
page 12 -15
BAse units
page 16
Management controller module
page 17
Streamer modules
page 18 -21
Signal converter modules with IP front end
page 22 -31
Descrambler module
page 32 -33
FAQ
page 34 -35
World-wide partners
page 36
3
Why choose the U 100 series?
Reasons to buy
A modular built IP head-end concept for any demand
The U 100 Edge series has been developed on the basis
of many years of experience gained from the operation of
IP head-ends for processing CATV signals from IP data
streams.
Thus, in addition to outstanding transmission parameters,
the U 100 series also offers sophisticated redundancy and
replacement switching mechanisms to reach the greatest
possible signal performance availability.
The series is based on a hardware model which is completely new from the ground up. The experience, gained in major IP content over IP projects, enabled ASTRO to consider
operating conditions in large IP backbone networks.
U 100 signal flow chart
A B
IP Mgmt A B
IP Data A B
AC 1
AC 2
Slot
PSU 1
Slot
PSU 2
A B
A B
Slot
1
A B
Slot
2
Slot
3
U 100-230
RF 1.1
4
RF 1.2
RF 2.1
RF 2.2
RF 3.1
RF 3.2
Easy configuration / operation
Easy installation
zz user friendly configuration via web browser no proprietary software needed for managing the system
zz easy mounting of the base unit in 19 inch cabinets
zz consistant menu structure of configuration interface for each module
zz LEDs indicate operation and errors on each
module
zz passive backplane enables a quick exchange of the signal converters
zz all active components integrated into the signal
converters
zz wiring remains unaffected, even if different types
of converters will be used
High end performance
Easy service handling
zz three plug-in modules per 19 inch heigth provide high signal density
zz HOT SWAP service
zz signal converters offer outstanding signal
parameters by Direct Digital ® zz Log file output via web interface
zz low power consumption per channel
zz Remote access to your U 100 head-end by ASTRO support team
Reliability
Full integration into the U family
zz redundant power supply
zz short down-time in case of malfunction: every
module has redundant network interfaces
for network management and dataconnection
zz effective redundancy switching options in case of link failure, source failure or device failure
zz compact design allows easy spare part handling
The U 100 devices are part of the U-family - a
complete range of hardware components (SATdistribution, IP gateways, etc.) designed for
professional applications in ultra large cable
networks. For more information please have a
look at the ASTRO main catalogue.
zz 2 data ports per signal converter
zz IGMPv3, RTP and FEC without additional license fees
5
U 100 base unit
The U 100 base unit serves as the chassis for the various
signal converters, providing space for three signal converters and two power supply units within a single rack
unit. Each slot is equipped with a temperature-controlled
fan and the replaceable rear panel offers two management
and two data ports as well as the output of the CATV signals via two F sockets.
Status display for slots
L = left
M = middle
R = right
P = power supply
Order no.: 380 101 (for U 100-230)
Connectors on the rear side (U 100-230)
Data ports
RF outputs
Fan
Power supply
Mains supply (U 100-230)
Grounding connection
Mains supply (U 100-230)
Management ports
The U 100-SNT power supply unit
The U 100-SNT power supply is required to operate the
U 100-230 base unit. Minimum one power supply is needed, while two U 100-SNT enable a redundant supply of
the base unit and are recommended to avoid signal loss
due to mains power failures.
Order no.: 380 102
Base unit for 48 V power supply
The U 100 base unit is also available for -48 V DC power supply. In this case the redundant power supply can
be provided by a battery system or any other 48 V power
supply unit and no further power supply units are needed
inside the U 100-48 base unit.
Order no.: 380 100 (for U 100-48)
U 960 combining network
For distribution of input signals ASTRO offers a 19 inch
rack device with individual mounting subject to customer
request. It is available with 16 or 28 inputs and can be assembled with 2-way, 3-way, 4-way or 8-way splitter.
Order no.: 380 179 (16 inputs); 380 198 (28 inputs)
6
Modules of the U 100 series
The ASTRO IP head-end modules handle all output signals
distributed in standard CATV networks: QAM, PAL, COFDM and FM. Based on the proven DirectDigital ® system,
all the signal converters provide outstanding parameters.
For generating IP signals, different types of IP streamers
are available. These are equipped with DVB-S2 or DVB-C/
T2 frontends and offer high signal density.
Easy front panel operation
IP front end included
One special feature of the signal converters is the inclusion of the IP frontend in each slide-in module. Consequently, each module has its own independent IP receiver unit
and operates separately from the other modules inside the
base unit. In this way, it is possible to limit any failure of
an IP frontend to only a single module, meaning that the
effects of an error are far less serious compared to a system which has only a single IP interface shared by all the
signal converters.
Control and data wheel, menu switch
Display of management IP addresses,
data IP addresses, status messages, etc.
Configuration kept safe on SD card
System parameters are stored on SD card. If the signal
converter must be replaced, the SD card plugged into
the old module can now be inserted in the new module,
allowing the previous configuration to be automatically migrated. Thanks to this feature, the spare equipment can
be set in operation quickly on site without any need for
service staff to reconfigure the system.
Available module types
IP converters
IP streamers
zz IP > COFDM
zz DVB-S2 > IP
zz IP > PAL
zz DVB-C/T/T2 > IP
zz IP > QAM
zz IP > FM
> page 22
Descrambler
4 x IP > 4 x IP
> page 32
> page 18
Management
controller
> page 17
7
Menu items o
zz Inventory report
zz Configuration
Programming? - It‘s easy!
You can handle the configuration of your U 100 head-end comfortably via the web browser interface of your PC or Laptop without installation of proprietary programming software. Just
connect your computer to the network jack of the module you
want to set up. Then type the IP address of the module into your
browser to show up the web page needed for configuration.
Aside from configuration purposes you can also easily handle
a lot of different tasks concerning control and maintenace of
many functions.
8
zz Log file
zz Module settings
zz Network / Rack
zz Replace
zz Schedule
zz SNMP
zz Time
Menu items of IP converters
Menu items o
zz IP receivers
zz RF input signals
zz RF output signals
zz IP transmitter
zz TS analyzer (optional)
zz TS analyzer (optional)
zz Licensing
zz Licensing
zz System log settings
zz System log settings
zz Active alarm table (overview of current errors)
zz Active alarm table
zz Statistics
zz Statistics
zz Network adjustments
zz Network adjustments
zz Test generator
zz Test generator
Configuration and maintenance
Everything under control
The structure of the web GUI is nearly the same for each module of the U 100 series. If you are experienced in using one
module‘s programming interface you will easily operate the
others as well. Only the modulator settings differ from each
other. The IP settings are strictly seperated from modulator
settings and also management tasks are located in seperate
submenus. The clear arrangement of the menus enable the
operator to configure all necessary parameters without hassle.
f controller
Common menu items
zz Log-In / -Out
zz Status overview (of current adjustments)
zz Overview of main settings
zz Software update / Configuration files
zz User administration
f streamers
Menu items of descrambler
zz IP receivers
zz IP transmitters
)
zz TS analyzer (optional)
zz Licensing
zz System log settings
(overview of current errors)
zz Active alarm table (overview of current errors)
zz Statistics
zz Network adjustments
zz Test generator
9
The U 100 redundancy concept
The U 100 series offers all possible redundancy options like link redundancy, source redundancy and device
redundancy. Want maximum reliability? - Choose the U 100 series you get it!
Link redundancy
zz Requirement for real link redundancy are two
independent data interfaces.
zz If one signal feed fails, the redundant data interface must take over the operation.
zz ASTRO U 100 series devices offer fully redundant data interfaces, independently configurable.
zz Switching between interfaces can be done
manually or automatically with configurable priorities.
zz The redundant signals can be configured in hot stand-by or cold stand-by.
zz Thanks to the link redundancy concept every device and link in-between the master head-end and the regional haed-end is covered.
zz In case of hot stand-by, the redundant link and source is monitored permanently to ensure an
error-free operation after switching over.
Source redundancy
zz Requirement for source redundancy are at least
two independently configurable IP receivers per data interface.
zz If the primary signal source fails, the IP receiver must
listen immediately to the secondary source.
zz ASTRO U 100 series devices even offer three (!) configurable IP receivers per data interface.
zz This enables the operator to have two sources
feeding the backbone and one local source for emergencies.
zz The redundant signal sources can be configured in hot stand-by or cold stand-by.
zz In case of hot-stand-by, the redundant link and source is monitored permanently to ensure an
error-free operation after switching over.
10
Backbone
Backbone direction A
Device redundancy
zz Requirement for device redundancy is spare equipment
inside the working head-end and the U 100-C controller.
zz This spare equipment must be connected to the same signal
sources like the working equipment.
zz A device is considered as spare equipment by the controller if the RF ports are switched off.
Backbone direction B
zz The switching-over to the spare equipment can be made
manually or automatically in case of certain events.
working U 100 module
Primary source
redundant U 100 module
direction A
Secondary source
11
Application solutions
Streaming of DVB-S2 input signals to IP with Descrambling
SAT position 1
SAT position 2
4
4
4
SAT position 3
SAT position 4
4
4
DATA A
DATA B
IP Backbone Data A & B
MGMT A
IP Backbone Mgmt A & B
MGMT B
zz 12 x DVB-S2 to IP with multichannel decryption zz high signal density with 12 streams per RU
zz support of UDP/RTP and FEC
zz up to 4 satellite positions with 16 input multiswitch thanks to DiSEqC 2.0 support
zz fully integrated to the ASTRO U 100-C management system
12
IP head-end: 24 x IP / QAM, 24 x IP / PAL, 32 x IP / FM with fully redundant
network structure for management and data connections
DVB-S2 / IP
DVB-S2 / IP
IP backbone
Mgmt A & B
IP backbone
Data A & B
4
8
1
3
6
2
x
x
x
x
x
x
U 100-230 base unit
U 100-SNT power supply
U 100-C management system
U 158, 8 channel IP / QAM
U 114, 4 channel IP / PAL (NTSC)
U 124, 16 channel IP / FM
4
6
6
6
Combining: U 960
zz conversion of 24 QAM channels, 24 PAL, SECAM or NTSC channels and 32 FM stations out of
IP multicast groups zz only 4 19 inch rack units required
zz compatible to any other Video-over-IP equipment encapsulating MPEG-TS to IP, according
applicable standards
13
Application solutions
Demonstration of Link and Source redundancy
Primary Source
Secondary Source
Data A
Data B
Switch Data B
Switch Data A
U 114 No.1
U 114 No.2
Regular Operation:
●
●
Primary and Secondary Source are working
IP Receiver “Data A” and “Primary Source” are working according the configured priorities
Operation with two failure events:
●
●
14
Primary Source failure and Switch Data A failure
IP Receiver “Data B” and “Secondary Source is working
IP head-end: 20 x IP/COFDM, 12 x IP in / IP out Descrambling
IP backbone Data A & B
1 x U 100-230 base unit
3 x U 194 IP / IP descrambler
2 x U 100-SNT power supply
2 x U 100-230 base unit
5 x U 174, 4 channel IP/COFDM
1 x U 100-C, management system
4 x U 100-SNT power supply
zz descrambling of 12 streams per rack unit zz multiservice decrambling
zz cascadable CI slots
15
Base units
FOR APPLYING U 100 MODULES
U 100
Backside of U 100, 230 V version:
zz Power and signal supply for modules of the U 100 series
zz Can carry up to 3 modules of the U 100
series
zz Output signals are seperately led out via
F-jacks
zz Optional redundant power supply of the
base unit
Backside of U 100, 48 V version:
zz Status indication for signal converters and power supply units
zz Horizontal
installation
air
flow
allows
compact
It is mandatory to use guide rails in the 19 inch rack. As these guide rails are different for each 19 inch rack supplier,
they are not in the scope of delivery of U 100 base units.
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
Order number
EAN-Code
U 100 - 48
U 100 - 230
380 100
380 101
4026187611064
4026187611149
Common data
Voltage supply
[V]
Power consumption
[W]
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
16
- 48 V DC
230 V AC
depends on number of modules assembled
19" / 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
Management controller module
SYSTEM MANAGEMENT FOR U 100 SIGNAL PROCESSORS
U 100-C
zz For comprehensive system management of the U 100 series signal converters
zz Provides many functions for configuring and servicing the U 100 series
zz User friendly configuration via web browser interface
zz Monitored fan
The U 100-C is an overall management system for the U 100 series with many interesting features for network operators. It features a comfortable rack view of the complete system, time controlled updates and it can initiate automatic
redundancy switching in case of malfunctions.
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 100-C
Order number
380 103
EAN-Code
4026187131739
Network interfaces (passive routing to U 1xx)
Protocol
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Common data
Power consumption
[W]
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
27
19´´, 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
17
Streamer modules
SIGNAL PROCESSING: DVB-S2 TO IP
4 x DVB-S2 to 4 x IP:
NEW
without front cover
U 144
zz Plug-in modules for U 100 base unit
zz U 144: for processing of 4 DVB-S2 input signals into 4 IP gigabit multicast groups
4 x DVB-S2 to 8 x IP:
zz U 144: up to 12 streams per rack unit
zz U 148: for processing of 4 DVB-S2 input signals into 8 IP gigabit multicast groups
zz U 148: up to 24 streams per rack unit
zz Only U 144: 4 CI slots
U 148
zz Tuners with DiSEqC control
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
U 144:
4 streams
DVB-S2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-S2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-S2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-S2 Tuner
CI with MCD
Reception
Descrambling
Transportstream
Encapsulation
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
Encapsulation
1000 BaseT
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
Streaming
Management
100 BaseT
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
U 148 same
as 144
except:
8 streams
U 100
IP Head
end
series out of 4 tuners; no descrambling
18
HD
TV
4
CI
only U 144:
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 144
Order number
EAN-Code
U 148
380 144
380 148
4026187170745
4026187170752
Number of DVB-S2 input signals
4
4
Number of IP output streams
4
8
Interfaces
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocols
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transportstream Encapsulation
Protocols
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
Bytes
188 / 204
DVB-S demodulator
DVB-S modulation
QPSK; 8PSK
Input frequency range
[MHz]
950 - 2150
Input level
[dBµV]
40 - 80
SAT-IF input
[Ω]
75, F-jack
Reflection loss
[dB]
≥ 10
[MS/s]
max. 45,0
Input symbol rate
DVB-S Roll-off-factors
0,20;0,25;0,35
DVB-S LDPC
1/2; 1/3; ¼; 2/3; 2/5; 3/5; 4/5; 5/6; 8/9; 9/10
Viterbi decoding
(according DVB standard)
1/2; 2/3; 3/4; 5/6; 7/8; automatically / manually

DiSEqC Control
CI interfaces
CI slots
Supported modules
4 x (front access)
-
Alphacrypt, Aston Conax, Dreamcrypt, Entavio CAM, GkWare BISS
CAM, Homecast CAM, ICECrypt, Ideto Access, Kid CAM, Mascom
Cryptoworks, Matrix CAM, Mediaguard Canal Digitaal, Nagravision,
Oasis CAM, PCMCIA CAm, Premiere, Worldcam, TechniCam Beta2,
Technicrypt, TPS, Reality CAM, SMiT, Universal CAM, Viaccess,
Videoguard CAM
-
4 x PCMCIA
-
Ω
75, 4 x F-jack
75, 4 x F-jack
W
28
28
excerpt (others
on request)
Connectors
RF inputs
Connectors
Common data
Power consumption
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
19´´, 1 HE
°C
0…+45
19
Streamer modules
SIGNAL PROCESSING: DVB-C / DVB-T / DVB-T2 TO IP
4 x DVB-C, DVB-T or DVB-T2 to 4 x IP:
NEW
without front cover
U 164
zz Plug-in modules for U 100 base unit
zz U 164: for processing of 4 DVB-C, DVB-T
or DVB-T2 input signals into 4 IP gigabit
multicast groups
4 x DVB-C, DVB-T or DVB-T2 to 8 x IP:
zz U 164: up to 12 streams per rack unit
zz U 168: for processing of 4 DVB-C, DVB-T
or DVB-T2 input signals into 8 IP gigabit
multicast groups
zz U 168: up to 24 streams per rack unit
U 168
zz Only U 164: 4 CI slots
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
U 164:
4 streams
DVB-CT2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-CT2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-CT2 Tuner
CI with MCD
DVB-CT2 Tuner
CI with MCD
Reception
Descrambling
Transportstream
Encapsulation
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
Encapsulation
1000 BaseT
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
Streaming
Management
100 BaseT
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
U 168 same as 144 except: 8 streams out of 4 tuners; no descrambling
20
HD
TV
4
CI
only U 164:
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
Order number
EAN-Code
U 164
U 168
380 164
380 168
4026187170769
4026187170776
Number of DVB-C, DVB-T or DVB-T2 input signals
4
4
Number of IP output streams
4
8
Interfaces
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocols
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transportstream Encapsulation
Protocols
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
Bytes
188 / 204
[Mbaud]
0,5 - 7
DVB-C demodulator
Input data rate
Modulation modes (accord. DVB-standard)
QPSK, QAM16, QAM32, QAM64, QAM128, QAM256
DVB-T demodulator / DVB-T2 demodulator
Modulation
DVB-T: 4-, 16-, 64-QAM
DVB-T2: 4-, 16-, 64-, 256-QAM
FEC
DVB-T: 1/2; 2/3; 3/4; 5/6; 7/8
DVB-T2: 1/2; 3/5; 2/3; 3/4; 4/5; 5/6
FFT-Mode
DVB-T: 2k, 8k
DVB-T2: 1k, 2k, 4k, 8k, 16k, 32k
Bandwidth
[MHz]
DVB-T: 6; 7; 8
Remote voltage supply
DVB-T2: 5; 6; 7; 8
5V, typ. 100mA, switchable
CI interfaces
CI slots
Supported modules
excerpt (others
on request)
Connectors
4 x (front access)
-
Alphacrypt, Aston Conax, Dreamcrypt, Entavio CAM, GkWare
BISS CAM, Homecast CAM, ICECrypt, Ideto Access, Kid CAM,
Mascom Cryptoworks, Matrix CAM, Mediaguard Canal Digitaal,
Nagravision, Oasis CAM, PCMCIA CAm, Premiere, Worldcam,
TechniCam Beta2, Technicrypt, TPS, Reality CAM, SMiT,
Universal CAM, Viaccess, Videoguard CAM
-
4 x PCMCIA
-
RF inputs
Connectors
Ω
75, 4 x F-jack
75, 4 x F-jack
Common data
Power consumption
W
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
28
28
19´´, 1 HE
°C
0…+45
21
Signal converters with IP front end
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO PAL / NTSC
4 x IP to 4 x PAL / NTSC:
U 114
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
with MPEG 4 support (H.264 MP @ L30 SD):
zz For processing of up to 4 IP multicast groups of a Gigabit Ethernet MPEG TS in
4 standard PAL programmes
zz PAL programmes are led through as two
pairs of adjacent channels
zz Outstanding signal parameters by
Direct Digital technology (Video-S/N: typ.
66 dB; residual carrier accuracy: 1 %)
U 115
with MPEG 4 support (H.264/AVC Level 4.1 HP):
NEW
zz Optionally available output channel filters
(U-KF) allow for maintaining the high sigal quality even after combining
zz User friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
U 116
BLOCK DIAGRAM
U 114:
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
U 115 and U 116 same as U 114
22
Transportstream
Decapsulation
MPEG Decoder
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
MPEG Decoder
Decapsulation
PAL
Modulator
2 x PAL
MPEG Decoder
PAL
Modulator
2 x PAL
Decoding
PAL Modulation
MPEG Decoder
HD
TV
4
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
Order number
EAN-Code
U 114
U 115
U 116
380 114
380 115
380 116
4026187611125
4026187131609
4026187141059
Network interfaces (passive routing to U 1xx)
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocol
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transport stream editing
TS Decapsulation
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
[Bytes]
188 / 204
Decoding
MPEG 2 Main Profile @
Main Layer MP @ ML
Video
Audio
MPEG 2 Main Profile @
Main Layer MP @ ML und
H.264 MP @ L30 (SD)
2 x MPEG 1 Layer 2, Mono / Stereo, 2-channel audio / Audio Description
Data
H.264/AVC Level 4.1 HP,
MPEG-2 [email protected]
MPEG-1/2 Layer 1/2, (HE-)AAC
Teletext, VPS, WSS, Teletext subtitles, DVB Subtitling
PAL modulator
Connectors
[Ω]
75, 2 x F-jack
Frequency range
[MHz]
47 - 862, digital modulation
Output level
[dBμV]
118
Return loss
[dB]
≥ 14
Spurious frequency dist.
[dB]
≥ 60
Stereo cross talk
[dB]
> 55
Residual carrier accuracy
[%]
1
TV standard
Video-signal to noise ratio
PAL B/G, D/K, M, N, SECAM, SECAM L, A2/NICAM, NTSC mono
[dB]
typ. 65
[W]
28
Common data
Power consumption
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
19´´, 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
23
Signal converters with IP front end
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO FM
4 x IP to 16 FM programmes:
U 124
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
zz For processing of up to 4 IP multicast groups of a Gigabit Ethernet MPEG TS in
16 standard FM programmes
zz FM programmes are led through as two
groups consisting of 8 programmes
zz Outstanding signal parameters by
Direct Digital technology
zz Static and dynamic RDS are supported
(radiotext, PTY, PS and CT) zz User friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
24
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
Transportstream
Decapsulation
MPEG Decoder
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
MPEG Decoder
Decapsulation
FM
Modulator
8 x FM
MPEG Decoder
FM
Modulator
8 x FM
Decoding
FM Modulation
MPEG Decoder
4
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 124
Order number
380 124
EAN-Code
4026187611118
Network interfaces (passive routing to U 1xx)
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocol
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transport stream editing
Decapsulation
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
[Bytes]
188 / 204
Decoding
Audio
MPEG 1 Layer 2, Stereo
RDS-Data
UECP, ancillary data / sep. PID
FM modulator
Output frequency
[MHz]
87,5 - 108
Step width
[kHz]
10
static
Output level
TP / PI / PS 8 x 8 signs
[dBμV]
114
Intermodulation distance
[dBc]
> 60
Return loss
[dB]
> 14
Signal to noise ratio
[dB]
> 64
Unweighted signal to noise ratio
[dB]
> 70
Preemphasis
[μs]
50
Stereo cross talk attenuation
[dB]
60
Harmonic factor
[%]
< 0,05
Frequency range
[dB]
<1
Common data
Power consumption
[W]
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
25,5
19´´, 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
25
Signal converters with IP front end
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO QAM
8 x IP to 8 x QAM:
U 158
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
zz For processing of up to 8 IP multicast groups of a Gigabit Ethernet MPEG TS in
8 standard QAM channels
zz QAM channels programmes are led through as four adjacent channels
zz Outstanding signal parameters by
Direct Digital technology
zz NIT and LCN processing integrated
zz Optionally available output channel filters
(U-KF) allow for maintaining the high sigal zz User friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
26
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
Transportstream
Decapsulation
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
Decapsulation
QAM
Modulator
4 x QAM
QAM
Modulator
4 x QAM
TS Processor
TS Processing
QAM Modulation
HD
TV
8
OCTO
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 158
Order number
380 158
EAN-Code
4026187131852
Network interfaces (passive routing to U 1xx)
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocol
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transport stream editing
TS capsulation
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
[Bytes]
188 / 204
QAM modulator
Modulation
16-, 32-, 64-, 128-, 256-QAM
Signal processing
Spectrum shape (cos-roll-off)
according DVB standard
[%]
FEC
15
Reed-Solomon (204, 188)
Data rate adjustment

PCR-correction


NIT-handling, PID-remapping
Output symbol rate
[Msymb/s]
3,45 - 7,5 (for 2 adjacent channels)
Bandwidth
[MHz]
4 - 8 depending on output symbol rate
Brutto data rate
[Mbit/s]
55,2
MER (Equalizer)
[dB]
≥ 44
HF modulator
Connectors
[Ω]
75, 2 x F-jack
Frequency range
[MHz]
47 - 862, digital modulation
Output level
[dBμV]
114
Return loss
[dB]
> 14
Spurious frquency distance
[dB]
> 60
[W]
28
Common data
Power consumption
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
19´´, 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
27
Signal converters with IP front end
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO DVB-C2
2 x IP to 2 x DVB-C2:
U 160
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
zz For processing of up to 24 IP multicast groups of a Gigabit Ethernet MPEG TS into
2 DVB-C2 systems
zz Multiple transportstream
zz Multiplexing of data slices
zz FEC: LDPC and BCH
zz OFDM modulation
zz Broadband notch placing
zz user friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
28
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
Transportstream
Decapsulation
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
Decapsulation
DVB-C2
Modulator
TS Processor
DVB-C2
Modulator
TS Processing
C2 Modulation
Each output:
8 MHz
1 Dataslice
OR:
16 MHz
3 Dataslices
HD
TV
2
TWIN
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 160
Order number
380 160
EAN-Code
4026187161088
Interfaces
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocols
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transportstream Encapsulation
Protocols
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
Bytes
188 / 204
DVB-C2 demodulator
Input interface
Transportstream
Coding Modes
static
FEC
LDPC, BCH
Interleaving
Bit, time and frequency
Modulation
OFDM
Bandwidth
MHz
Guard interval
16
1/64 or 1/128
Modulation schemes
16 QAM to 4096 QAM
FEC Frame
64 800 bits or 16 200 bits
Data Slices
1-3
Physical Layer Pipes
Single PLP per Data Slice
Narrowband Notches

Broadband Notches

RF modulator
Connectors
Ω
75, 2 x F-jack
Frequency range
MHz
47 - 862
RF output level
dBμV
114
Return loss
dB
> 14
Spurious frequency distance
dB
> 60
Common data
Power consumption
W
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
28
19´´, 1 HU
°C
0…+45
29
Signal converters with IP front end
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO COFDM
4 x IP to 4 x COFDM:
U 174
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
zz For processing of up to 4 IP multicast groups of a Gigabit Ethernet MPEG TS into
4 standard COFDM channels
zz COFDM channels are led through as two adjacent channels
zz Outstanding signal parameters by Direct Digital technology (MER: ≥ 43 dB;
shoulder attenuation: ≥ 56 dB)
zz Optionally available output channel filters
(U-KF) allow for maintaining the high signal quality even after combining
zz User friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
30
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
Transportstream
Decapsulation
IEEE 802.3
IP / UDP / RTP
FEC
Decapsulation
COFDM
Modulator
2 x COFDM
COFDM
Modulator
2 x COFDM
TS Processor
TS Processing
COFDM Modulation
HD
TV
4
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 174
Order number
380 174
EAN-Code
4026187611026
Network interfaces (passive routing to U 1xx)
Management
2 x 100 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Data
2 x 1000 Base-T Ethernet (RJ 45)
Protocol
IEEE802.3 Ethernet, RTP, ARP, IPv4, TCP/UDP, HTTP, SNTP, IGMPv3
Transportstream editing
TS capsulation
Packet length
UDP, UDP / RTP, 1-7 packets, FEC
[Bytes]
188 / 204
COFDM modulator
COFDM Mode
2k
Carrier modulation
QPSK, 16-, 64-QAM
Bandwidth
[MHz]
6, 7, 8
Maximum brutto data rate
[Mbit/s]
31,668
Signal processing
accord. DVB standard
Coding rates
1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8
Guard intervals
1/4, 1/8, 1/16, 1/32
Data rate adjustment

PCR-correction (< 500 ns accord. DVB)

NIT-Handling (static)


PID Remapping
PID Filtering
Drop oder Pass PID-Filter
MER (Equalizer)
[dB]
≥ 43
Shoulder attenuation
[dB]
> 56 (< 700 MHz); > 54 (≥ 700 MHz)
[Ω]
75, 2 x F-jack
Frequency range
[MHz]
47 - 862, digitaly modulated
Frequency deviation
[kHz]
< 10
[dBμV]
114
Intermodulation distance
[dB]
> 60
Return loss
[dB]
> 14
Spurious frequency distance
[dB]
> 60
[W]
28,1
HF modulator
Connectors
Output level
Common data
Power consumption
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
19´´, 1 HE
[°C]
0…+45
31
Descrambler
SIGNAL PROCESSING: IP TO IP
4 x IP to 4 x IP:
U 194
zz Plug-in module for U 100 base unit
zz 4 CI-slots; independent / cascadable
zz 4 transportstreams
zz Multi-Service-Descrambling
zz Decryption Level: Service based, PID based
zz User friendly configuration via web browser
zz Monitored fan
1000 BaseT
Data B
1000 BaseT
Receiving
Management
32
Mgmt A
100 BaseT
Mgmt B
100 BaseT
Decapsulation
CI with MCD
CI with MCD
CI with MCD
CI with MCD
Descrambling
Transportstream
Encapsulation
Data A
Transportstream
Decapsulation
BLOCK DIAGRAM
Encapsulation
1000 BaseT
Data A
1000 BaseT
Data B
Streaming
HD
TV
4
CI
QUAD
TECHNICAL DATA
Type
U 194
Order number
380 161
EAN-Code
4026187161095
Network data interfaces
Interface type
100FD/1000Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3
Prrotocol
IP v4, ARP, UDP, RTP, ICMP, IGMPv2
Connector
2 x 8p8C "RJ-45" (redundant)
TS Receiver
4 x (unicast / multicast)
TS Transmitter
4 x (unicast / multicast)
CI interfaces
CI slots
Supported modules
4 x (front access)
excerpt (others
on request)
Connectors
Alphacrypt, Aston Conax, Dreamcrypt, Entavio CAM, GkWare BISS CAM, Homecast CAM, ICECrypt,
Ideto Access, Kid CAM, Mascom Cryptoworks, Matrix CAM, Mediaguard Canal Digitaal, Nagravision, Oasis
CAM, PCMCIA CAm, Premiere, Worldcam, TechniCam Beta2, Technicrypt,
TPS, Reality CAM, SMiT, Universal CAM, Viaccess, Videoguard CAM
4 x PCMCIA
Transportstream
TS encapsulation
UDP/IP, RTP/UDP/IP, FEC
TS type
MPTS
TS functionality
Receiver, decode, and transmit up to 4 MPTS via IP
Control and Management
Interface type
100FD/1000Base-T Ethernet IEEE 802.3
Features
Element control via HTTP/Web-GUI, SNMP traps for integration with network management systems (NMS),
software update via FTP or TFTP
Protocol
IP v4, ARP, UDP, TCP, ICMP, HTTP, SNMP v2c, FTP, TFTP, DNS, DHCP, SNTP
Connectors
2 x 8P8C "RJ-45" (redundant)
Common data
Inpit voltage
VAC
100 - 240 (50 / 60 Hz)
Current consumption at 48 V
mA
505
Power consumption
W
24,3
Dimensions
Ambient temperature
1 HE, 19 Zoll
°C
0 … +45
33
Frequently asked questions
Signal converters
What is the output alignment in
the different converters with CATV
output?
There are different alignments of output signals
depending on the type of modulator. The U 114 /
U 115 / U 116 IP to PAL and U 174 IP to COFDM
converters offer 4 output channels transmitted in
2 pairs via 2 F-female outputs. The difference between start and stop frequency in one pair of output
channels can be 32 MHz, or with other words: 2
channels can be left unused between two output
channels.
The U 158 IP to QAM converter offers 8 output
channels transmitted in 2 quartets via 2 F-female
outputs. Those 4 channels per output have to be
adjacent channels.
An independent processing of the output channels
is possible with the U 159 IP to QAM converter via
only one F-female output and with the U 124 IP to
FM converter but via 2 F-female outputs.
Why are there so many IP interfaces for each signal converter?
The ASTRO U 100 series offers several physical
interfaces to enable all possible redundancy mechanisms and to configure different receive paths.
To reduce the impact of a lost input signal to a minimum, redundant data interfaces are mandatory. For
different concepts of remote access it is also necessary to provide redundant management interfaces. These interfaces can be used, but they don’t
have to be used. The disadvantage of a slightly
more time-consuming cabling effort can be neglected, compared to the benefit of high signal stability
and different remote access options.
Is it possible to use different types
of signal converters in one base
unit?
Any type of U 100 series signal converter can be
used in the U 100-230 or U 100-48 base unit. They
can be operated in any mixture without limitations.
The only thing to be considered is the type of backplane which is installed to the corresponding slot.
The backplane is part of the delivery of any signal
converter. Some are compatible to each other but
some are not.
Combining / Channel filtering
34
Does ASTRO offer a solution for the
combining of the RF outputs?
What is the field of application for
the output channel filter?
ASTRO offers two standard devices for passive
combining, the U 960-32 and U 960-32-1. Both are
made for the passive combining of up to 32 RF inputs. In addition the “-1” version is equipped with
a two-way splitter for symmetric combining of two
U 960 devices.
Any modulator causes broadband noise, no matter how sophisticated the hard- and software is
designed. Especially if a huge number of output
channels shall be combined, this broadband noise accumulates at the combined output. To cut off
this noise, the optional output channel filter can be
installed to the signal converter. This leads to a significant improvement of the S/N at the combined
output. The ASTRO modulators have one separate
signal path to lead the signal via the channel output
filter, this means that the modulator stays fully frequency agile.
Service handling / Software updates and extensions
Are the modules of the U 100 series
“hot-swappable”?
How do updates work and what are
the costs for updates?
The main focus of the development of the U 100 series is the operation of biggest CATV networks and
one task for operating such networks is the quick
and easy exchange of the modules. So as a matter
of course, any module of the U 100 series including
the power supply is hot swappable without any impact to the working modules in the U 100 base unit.
In general, updates are available on the ASTRO
firmware server. These updates can be downloaded to a local computer and then an update can be
started. The update file might also be stored on the
U 100-C management system and the firmware will
be uploaded directly or time-controlled to the module. The third possibility is the download via FTP
server directly to the module.
Are there any features with additional license costs?
Standard firmware updates are free-of-charge.
Those standard updates include bug fixes or general improvements of the firmware. If an operator
asks for unique customized features ASTRO will
make a special quotation.
All major features of the ASTRO U 100 series are
included. Features like UDP/RTP and FEC at the
IP receiving side are included as well as programmable time-sharing of output channels and information ticker for PAL programs. These are some
examples. The only feature with additional costs is
the transport stream analyzer.
Technology
What does „Direct Digital“ mean?
Direct Digital features the completely digital modulation of output signals. In addition the new technology on an FPGA basis leads to outstanding signal parameters, independent of temperature and
aging. The modulator is realized as software solution with many positive effects. Changing the standard of an output signal is done by programming
the module via Web GUI. No tuning of hardware is
required.
Why are RTP and FEC recommended?
RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol) is important
to evaluate the quality of the link between signal
source and receiver. Every transmitted Ethernet
frame gets an increment number according RTP.
As a result the receiver is able to recognize missing or reordered frames. Any packet loss is only
recognized but not repaired. To fix the packet loss
FEC (Forward Error Correction) is mandatory. The
FEC assorts the arriving Ethernet frames to a matrix
and calculates column and line sum. The size of
the matrix can be determined in the web GUI and
is decisive for the additional overhead of the FEC
packets. The “weakest” FEC is able to correct up to
5 missing or corrupt frames in series and produces
an overhead of 11% including RTP. RTP is mandatory to set-up an FEC, so both features belong
together. In ASTRO IP receiving and transmitting
devices RTP and FEC is included without additional license fees.
35
World-wide partners
Austria
Normann Engineering
4600 Wels
Phone: +43 7242 70 921-0
+43 7242 70 921-17
Fax: E-mail: [email protected]
www.normann.at
Latvia
SIA LIVAS KTV
Riga, LV-1006, Latvija
Phone: +371 67081005 / 67081007
Fax: +371 67081007
E-mail: [email protected]
distributor.livas.lv
Australia
Hills Antenna & TV Systems
Riverwood (Sydney)
NSW 2210 Australia
Phone: +61 2 9717 5210
+61 2 9717 5209
Fax: E-mail:[email protected]
www.hillsantenna.com.au
Lithuania
ELPA IR PARTNERIAI UAB
Birutes str. 2,
Klaipeda LT-91203
Phone: +370 46 380 178
Fax:
+370 46 380 179
Email: [email protected]
www.elpa.lt
Belarus
OOO „BELVIASAT-engineering“
Odoevskogo, 117-304B, Belarus, Minsk
Phone: +375-29-6831620
Fax: +375-17-269-93-42
E-mail: [email protected]
www.engineering.belviasat.tv
Czech Republic
Katro Servis spol. s.r.o.
51301 Semily
Phone: +42 481 621 255
+42 481 625 453
Fax: E-mail: [email protected]
www.katroservis.cz
Denmark
TELEDAN-WITRONIC A/S
Vejlevej 100
DK-8700 Horsens
Phone: 7563 1199
Fax: 7563 1188
E-mail:[email protected]
Estonia
MRF Baltic OÜ,
Öismäe tee 57A, Tallinn 13515
Phone: +372 59115560
E-mail:[email protected]
www.vectrum.eu
GUS / Baltikum
ASTRO representation GUS / Baltikum
Germann Geer • Frickestr. 2
04105 Leipzig
Phone: +49 341 / 9276491
+49 341 / 9276492
Fax:
E-mail:[email protected]
Netherlands
Hemmink B.V.
8013 PV Zwolle
Phone: +31 38 - 4698200
Fax: +31 38 - 4698210
E-mail: [email protected]
www.hemmink.nl
Norway
CableCom a.s
3202 Sandefjord
Phone: +47 33 48 33 48
Fax: +47 33 44 60 44/451
E-mail: [email protected]
www.cablecom.no
Republic of Moldova
DIGIMAX Universal Telecommunications Company
Kishinev, Moldova.
Phone: +373 22 536553
Fax: +373 22 522599
E-mail: [email protected]
www.digimax.md
Southern Europe / Middle East / Africa
ASTRO Repres. Southern Europe / ME / Africa
Motty Vigdor
Phone: +49 (0) 2204967129
E-mail: [email protected]
Sweden
Antennlaget AB
Hordavägen 7
350 03 Växjö
Phone: +46 470-70 91 90
+46 470-70 91 91
Fax: E-mail: [email protected]
www.antennlaget.se
Thailand
LEO Technology and Marketing CO., LTD.
Meung, Nonthaburi 11000
Phone: +66 2926 1870-3
+66 2924 6644
Fax:
E-mail: [email protected]
www.leotech.co.th
Turkey
PROAKTIF A.S.
34386 Okmeydani
Istanbul, Turkiye
Phone: +90 212 320 09 80
+90 212 320 09 81
Fax: www.proaktif.com.tr
Ukraine
Mortelecom-service,
65029, Odessa, Agronomicheskaja 6
tel/fax + 380 482349311
+ 380 482377426
+ 380 675176733
+ 380 487774447
E-mail: [email protected]
mtk.com.ua
Russia
Kontur M
St. Iskry, 9, bldg. 2/1,
Moscow 129344, Russia
Phone: +7 495 2218188
+7 495 2218188
Fax: E-mail: [email protected]
www.konturm.ru
Indonesia
ASTRO representation Indonesia
Bumi Serpong Damai • Tangerang 15321
Phone: +62 21 537 6179
+62 21 537 6179
Fax:
E-mail: [email protected]
Kazahstan
ATTA GROUP Kazahstan
Kokshetau, Abaya Str. 85 office 301
Phone/Fax: +7 (7162) 25 35 49
www.catv.kz
[email protected]
36
Version 08-2013
Hungary
HFC Technics
Industrial Commercial & Service Ltd.
H-1044 Budapest
Phone: +36 1 273 1991
+36 1 273 1992
Fax: E-mail: [email protected]
www.hfctechnics.hu
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