S1216 Family GNSS Module Data Sheet 12.2mmx 16.0mm GPS : S1216R8 / S1216F8 GPS/Beidou : S1216F8-BD / S1216F8-BD12 GPS/GLONASS : S1216F8-GL / S1216F8-GL12 Revision 0.2 Date June 16, 2013 S1216 High-Performance Low-Cost 167 Channel SMD Global Positioning Receiver Module Features 167 Acquisition/Tracking Channels Support QZSS, WAAS, MSAS, EGNOS, GAGAN 16 million time-frequency hypothesis testing per sec -148dBm cold start sensitivity -165dBm tracking sensitivity 29 second cold start TTFF 3.5 second TTFF with AGPS 1 second hot start The S1216 family is state-of-the-art global navigation satellite system receivers capable of using GPS, GPS/Beidou, or GPS/GLONASS signal under the same footprint. User can upgrade from GPS navigation system to GPS/Beidou or GPS/GLONASS dual-satellite navigation systems by choosing appropriate model type without hardware redesign. The -BD12 and -GL12 entry level models offer dual-satellite navigation capability, tracking up to 12 GPS/Beidou or 12 GPS/GLONASS signals combined respectively. Its NMEA output is the same format as GPS receivers, thus users can effortlessly upgrade GPS product to GPS/Beidou or GPS/GLONASS product without needing modification on the application software. 2.5m CEP accuracy Multipath detection and suppression Jamming detection and mitigation The -BD and -GL standard models tracks up to 24 GPS/Beidou or 24 GPS/GLONASS satellite signals combined respectively. 7-day extended ephemeris AGPS Contains LNA, SAW Filter, TCXO, RTC Xtal, Regulator Works with active and passive antenna On board active antenna short protection On board active antenna detection Complete receiver in 12.2mm x 16.0mm size Operating temperature -40 ~ +85ºC Pb-free RoHS compliant Applications Navigation and asset tracking Timing reference Dual-satellite navigation receiver module receives greater number of satellites than available for GPS-only receivers. The increased satellite number offers superior performance in challenging urban canyon and multipath environments. The S1216 module contains SkyTraq Venus 8 positioning engine inside, featuring high sensitivity for indoor fix, low power consumption, and fast TTFF. The superior -148dBm cold start sensitivity allows it to acquire, track, and get position fix autonomously in difficult weak signal environment. The receiver’s -165dBm tracking sensitivity allows continuous position coverage in nearly all application environments. The high performance signal parameter search engine is capable of testing 16 million time-frequency hypotheses per second, offering industry-leading signal acquisition and TTFF speed. The S1216 module contains LNA for easy integration with passive antenna and a SAW filter for increased jamming immunity. It works with both passive and active antenna; the self-contained antenna detection and short circuit protection feature enables lowest integration cost for system integrators using active antenna. V S1216F8-BD GPS + QZSS + SBAS + Beidou 28 V V V S1216F8-BD12 GPS + QZSS + SBAS + Beidou 14 V V S1216F8-GL GPS + QZSS + SBAS + GLONASS 28 V S1216F8-GL12 GPS + QZSS + SBAS + GLONASS 14 V 1 1 V V V 1 1 1 V V V V 1 1 1 V V V V 1 1 1 V V V V 1 1 1 I2C 40 ROM V Support GPS/GLONASS mode V Support GPS/Beidou mode V 1 V Support GLONASS-only mode V 40 V Support Beidou-only mode 14 Support GPS-only mode GPS + QZSS + SBAS UART S1216F8 Max Update Rate 14 Flash (Program Upgradeable) Self-Aided Ephemeris Estimation 7-day server-based AGPS GPS + QZSS + SBAS Antenna Detection S1216R8 Model Number Max Tracked Signals Antenna Short Protection Product Description ROM version GPS receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Flash version GPS receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Flash version GPS/Beidou receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Flash version GPS/Beidou receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Flash version GPS/GLONASS receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Flash version GPS/GLONASS receiver module, Venus 8 chipset Satellite Product Series S1216R8 S1216F8 S1216F8-BD S1216F8-BD12 S1216F8-GL S1216F8-GL12 V V V V V V V V TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS Receiver Type L1 C/A code, 167-channel Venus 8 engine Receiver Modes GPS or GPS/Beidou or GPS/GLONASS, depending on model selection Augmentation System QZSS, WAAS, EGNOS, MSAS, GAGAN Accuracy Position Velocity Time Startup Time 1 / 28 / 29 second hot / warm / cold start under open sky average Reacquisition 1s Sensitivity -148dBm cold-start -160dBm re-acquisition -165dBm tracking Multi-path Mitigation Advanced multi-path detection and suppression A-GPS 7-day server-based AGPS (ROM and Flash type) Self-aided ephemeris estimation (Flash type) Update Rate 1 / 2 / 4 / 5 / 8 / 10 / 20 / 25 / 40 Hz for GPS (default 1Hz) 1Hz for GPS/Beidou or GPS/GLONASS Dynamics 4G (39.2m/sec ) Operational Limits Altitude < 18,000m or velocity < 515m/s, not exceeding both Serial Interface 3.3V LVTTL level Protocol NMEA-0183 V3.01, Datum Default WGS-84, User definable Input Voltage 3.3V DC +/-10% 2.5m CEP 0.1m/sec 10ns 2 SkyTraq binary, 9600 baud, 8, N, 1 Current Consumption Model Number S1216R8 S1216F8 S1216F8-BD S1216F8-BD12 S1216F8-GL S1216F8-GL12 Acquisition Current (mA) 33 38 45 45 45 45 Tracking Current (mA) 25 30 40 40 40 40 Dimension 16.0mm L x 12.2mm W Weight: 1.6g Operating Temperature -40 C ~ +85 C Storage Temperature -55 ~ +100 C Humidity 5% ~ 95% o o o BLOCK DIAGRAM S1216R8 S1216F8 S1216F8-BD / S1216F8-BD12 S1216F8-GL / S1216F8-GL12 The S1216 is a high performance satellite navigation receiver in a compact surface mount package. It is based on the SkyTraq Venus 8 positioning technology, providing exceptional signal acquisition performance, and continuous operation even in dense foliage and urban canyons. The module includes internal SAW filter and high performance integrated LNA, works with both active and passive antenna. The simple UART serial interface and the standard NMEA-0183 protocol make usage of S1216 very easy and straightforward. The S1216 module performs all the necessary system initialization, signal acquisition, signal tracking, data demodulation, and calculation of navigation solution autonomously. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS PINOUT DESCRIPTION Pin No. 1 Name BOOT_SEL Description No connection for normal use. Pull-low for loading firmware into empty or corrupted Flash memory from ROM mode by the module maker. No connection One-pulse-per-second (1PPS) time mark output, 3V LVTTL. The rising edge synchronized to UTC second when getting 3D position fix. The pulse duration is about 4msec at rate of 1 Hz. No connection 2 3 NC 1PPS 4,5,6,7 NC 8 RSTN 9 NC 10 11 GND RF_IN Ground RF input, connects to antenna. There is 3V DC bias output for powering active antenna. Active antenna detection and short protection is provided. 12,13 14,15,16,17 GND NC Ground No connection 18 SDA I2C interface data signal, 3V LVTTL. Currently unused. 19 20 SCL TXD I2C interface clock signal, 3V LVTTL. Currently unused. UART serial data output, 3V LVTTL. One full-duplex asynchronous serial UART port is implemented. This UART output is normally used for sending position, time and velocity information from the receiver in NMEA-0183 format. When idle, this pin output HIGH. 21 RXD 22 V_BCKP UART serial data input, 3V LVTTL. One full-duplex asynchronous serial UART port is implemented. This UART input is normally for sending commands or information to the receiver in SkyTraq binary protocol. In the idle condition, this pin should be driven HIGH. If the driving circuitry is powered independently of S1216, ensure that this pin is not driven to HIGH when primary power to S1216 is removed, or a 10K-ohm series resistor can be added to minimize leakage current from application to the powered off module. Backup supply voltage for internal RTC and backup SRAM, 2.5V ~ 3.6V. V_BCKP must be applied whenever VCC is applied. This pin should be powered continuously to minimize the startup time. If VCC and V_BCKP are both removed, the receiver will be in factory default mode upon power up, all user configuration set is lost. For applications the does not care cold starting every time, this pin can be connect to VCC. 23 24 VCC GND External active-low reset input. Only needed when power supply rise time is very slow or software controlled reset is desired. No connection Main power supply, 3.0V ~ 3.6V DC Ground ELECTRICAL SPECIFICATIONS ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Parameter Minimum Maximum Condition Supply Voltage (VCC) -0.5 3.6 Volt Backup Battery Voltage (V_BCKP) -0.5 3.6 Volt Input Pin Voltage -0.5 VCC+0.5 Volt +5 dBm +100 degC Input Power at RF_IN Storage Temperature -55 OPERATING CONDITIONS Parameter Supply Voltage (VCC) Acquisition Current (exclude active antenna current) Min Typ Max Unit 3 3.3 3.6 Volt S1216R8 33 mA S1216F8 38 mA 45 mA S1216R8 25 mA S1216F8 30 mA 39 mA S1216F8-BD, S1216F-BD12, S1216F-GL, S1216F-GL12 Tracking Current (exclude active antenna current) S1216F8-BD, S1216F-BD12, S1216F-GL, S1216F-GL12 Backup Voltage (V_BCKP) 3.6 Volt Backup Current (VCC voltage applied) 0.5 mA Backup Current (VCC voltage off) 35 uA Output Low Voltage 0.4 Volt Output HIGH Voltage 2.5 2.4 Volt Input LOW Voltage 0.8 Volt Input HIGH Voltage 2 Input LOW Current -10 10 uA Input HIGH Current -10 10 uA RF Input Impedance (RF_IN) Volt 50 Ohm APPLICATION CIRCUIT RECOMMANDED FOOTPRINT RECOMMANDED REFLOW PROFILE The reflow profile shown above should not be exceeded, since excessive temperatures or transport times during reflow can damage the module. Cooling temperature fall rate: max 3°C / sec ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS The S1216 is designed to use with a wide variety of active and passive antennas, but care must be taken during antenna selection to ensure optimum signal reception performance. There are many choices of antenna configurations; the best choice is often a tradeoff between size, gain, bandwidth and cost. The best way is to test multiple antenna solutions in the configuration of the final system to determine which provides the best overall performance. Ceramic patch antenna is low-cost and provides good sensitivity. 50-ohm output ceramic patch antenna can be connected directly to RF input of the module. Usually the antenna and S1216 are mounted on opposite side of the PCB to reduce possibility of picking up digital noise. To improve signal reception performance, use larger ground plane under the patch antenna If possible; larger the ground plane, larger the overall antenna gain. The center frequency of the ceramic patch antenna changes with ground plane size. For optimal GPS/Beidou or GPS/GLONASS or GPS operation, frequency bandwidth of the antenna needs to cover 1559MHz ~ 1577MHz or 1574MHz ~ 1605MHz or 1574MHz ~ 1577MHz respectively when mounted on the PCB. It is usual to ask the ceramic patch antenna vendor to select or tune a patch antenna that best matches the customer PCB. Active antenna is essentially a passive antenna with built-in LNA and a coaxial cable to connect the antenna to the module. It has the flexibility of being located remotely from the module, but requires antenna power. Active antenna usually costs more than passive patch antenna, but the performance in low signal environments is usually better. When using active antenna, an external bias choke inductor is used to provide DC bias for the active antenna. Active antenna with gain up to 30dB and noise figure less than 1.5dB can be used with S1216. Chip antenna is often desired for its small size. Matching element of the chip antenna needs to be designed-in according to the chip antenna datasheet. If application doesn’t have a large ground plane as shown in the datasheet for the measured performance spec condition, testing will be needed to determine if it can provide acceptable performance with the smaller sized application PCB. S1216R8 / S1216F8 Antenna Type GPS Frequency (MHz) S1216F8-BD / S1216F8-BD12 Passive Active Passive Active Passive Active 1575.42 +/- 2 1575.42 +/- 2 1575.42 +/- 2 1575.42 +/- 2 1575.42 +/- 2 1575.42 +/- 2 1561.098 +/- 3 1561.098 +/- 3 1602 +/- 4 1602 +/- 4 Beidou Frequency (MHz) GLONASS Frequency (MHz) VSWR Polarization Antenna Gain LNA Gain S1216F-GL / S1216F-GL12 < 2 (typical) < 2 (typical) < 2 (typical) < 2 (typical) < 2 (typical) < 2 (typical) RHCP or Linear RHCP or Linear RHCP or Linear RHCP or Linear RHCP or Linear RHCP or Linear > 0dBi > -2dBi > 0dBi > -2dBi > 0dBi > -2dBi 20dB (typical) 20dB (typical) 20dB (typical) Noise Figure < 1.5dB < 1.5dB < 1.5dB Total Gain > 18dBi > 18dBi > 18dBi The signal path from antenna to RF input of S1216 is the most critical part of application design. The goal is to provide optimal 50-ohm match between a 50Ω antenna and the module 50-ohm RF input for maximum power transfer. The 50-ohm grounded coplanar wave guide, consisting of the RF input signal with RF ground on either sides and a RF ground underneath, is a good choice for efficiency. For a two-layer FR4 PCB design with 1.6mm thickness, 4.6 dielectric constant, and 1oz copper the RF-input trace should be 31mil in width, the gap to the adjacent grounds should be 6mil, and each of the RF grounds should be at least twice the width of the input signal trace (62mil). Freeware program such as AppCAD can be used to calculate values required for other configurations. POWER SUPPLY REQUIREMENT S1216 requires a stable power supply, avoid ripple on VCC pin (<50mVpp). Power supply noise can affect the receiver’s sensitivity. Bypass capacitors of 10uF and 0.1uF is recommended to be placed close to the module VCC pin; the values could be adjusted according to the amount and type of noise present on the supply line. BACKUP SUPPLY The purpose of backup supply voltage pin (V_BCKP) is to keep the SRAM memory and the RTC powered when the module is powered down. This enables the module to have a faster time-to-first-fix when the module is powered on again. The backup current drain is less than 35μA. In normal powered on state, the internal processor access the SRAM and current drain is higher in active mode 1PPS OUTPUT A 1 pulse per second signal (4ms HIGH duration) is generated on 1PPS pin when the receiver has 3D position fix using 4 or more satellites. The rising edge of the pulse is aligned with UTC second, with accuracy of about 10nsec. It outputs constant LOW when no position fix is available. LAYOUT GUIDELINES Separate RF and digital circuits into different PCB regions. It is necessary to maintain 50-ohm impedance throughout the entire RF signal path. Try keeping the RF signal path as short as possible. Do not route the RF signal line near noisy sources such as digital signals, oscillators, switching power supplies, or other RF transmitting circuit. Do not route the RF signal under or over any other components (including S1216), or other signal traces. Do not route the RF signal path on an inner layer of a multi-layer PCB to minimize signal loss. Avoid sharp bends for RF signal path. Make two 45-deg bends or a circular bend instead of a single 90-degree bend if needed. Avoid vias with RF signal path whenever possible. Every via adds inductive impedance. Vias are acceptable for connecting the RF grounds between different layers. Each of the module’s ground pins should have short trace tying immediately to the ground plane below through a via. The bypass capacitors should be low ESR ceramic types and located directly adjacent to the pin they are for. HANDLING GUIDELINE The S1216 modules are rated MSL4, must be used for SMT reflow mounting within 72 hours after taken out from the vacuumed ESD-protective moisture barrier bag in factory condition < 30degC / 60% RH. If this floor life time is exceeded, or if the received ESD-protective moisture barrier bag is not in vacuumed state, then the device need to be pre-baked before SMT reflow process. Baking is to be done at 85degC for 8 to 12 hours. Once baked, floor life counting begins from 0, and has 72 hours of floor life at factory condition < 30degC / 60% RH. S1216 module is ESD sensitive device and should be handled with care. NMEA Output Description The output protocol supports NMEA-0183 standard. The implemented messages include GGA, GLL, GSA, GSV, VTG, RMC, ZDA and GNS messages. The NMEA message output has the following sentence structure: $aaccc,c--c*hh<CR><LF> The detail of the sentence structure is explained in Table 1. Table 1: The NMEA sentence structure character HEX “$” 24 aaccc “,” 2C c--c “*” 2A hh <CR><LF> 0D0A Description Start of sentence. Address field. “aa” is the talker identifier. “ccc” identifies the sentence type. Field delimiter. Data sentence block. Checksum delimiter. Checksum field. Ending of sentence. (carriage return, line feed) Table 2: Overview of SkyTraq receiver’s NMEA messages for S1216R8, S1216F8, S1216F8-BD12, S1216F8-GL12 $GPGGA Time, position, and fix related data of the receiver. $GPGLL Position, time and fix status. $GPGSA Used to represent the ID’s of satellites which are used for position fix. $GPGSV Satellite information about elevation, azimuth and CNR $GPRMC Time, date, position, course and speed data. $GPVTG Course and speed relative to the ground. $GPZDA UTC, day, month and year and time zone. Table 3: Overview of SkyTraq receiver’s NMEA messages for S1216F8-BD $GNGGA Time, position, and fix related data of the receiver. $GNGLL Position, time and fix status. $GNGSA Used to represent the ID’s of satellites which are used for position fix. When both GPS and Beidou $GPGSA satellites are used in position solution, a $GNGSA sentence is used for GPS satellites and another $BDGSA $GNGSA sentence is used for Beidou satellites. When only GPS satellites are used for position fix, a single $GPGSA sentence is output. When only Beidou satellites are used, a single $BDGSA sentence is output. $GPGSV Satellite information about elevation, azimuth and CNR, $GPGSV is used for GPS satellites, while $BDGSV $BDGSV is used for Beidou satellites $GNRMC Time, date, position, course and speed data. $GNVTG Course and speed relative to the ground. $GNZDA UTC, day, month and year and time zone. Table 4: Overview of SkyTraq receiver’s NMEA messages for S1216F8-GL $GNGGA Time, position, and fix related data of the receiver. $GNGLL Position, time and fix status. $GNGSA Used to represent the ID’s of satellites which are used for position fix. When both GPS and GLONASS $GPGSA satellites are used in position solution, a $GNGSA sentence is used for GPS satellites and another $GLGSA $GNGSA sentence is used for GLONASS satellites. When only GPS satellites are used for position fix, a single $GPGSA sentence is output. When only GLONASS satellites are used, a single $GLGSA sentence is output. $GPGSV Satellite information about elevation, azimuth and CNR, $GPGSV is used for GPS satellites, while $GLGSV $GLGSV is used for GLONASS satellites $GNRMC Time, date, position, course and speed data. $GNVTG Course and speed relative to the ground. $GNZDA UTC, day, month and year and time zone. The formats of the supported NMEA messages are described as follows: GGA - Global Positioning System Fix Data Time, position and fix related data for a GPS receiver. Format: $--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,a,x,uu,v.v,w.w,M,x.x,M,,zzzz*hh<CR><LF> Field hhmmss.ss llll.lll a yyyyy.yyy a x Name UTC Time Latitude N/S Indicator Longitude E/W Indicator GPS quality indicator uu v.v w.w x.x zzzz Satellites Used HDOP Altitude Geoidal Separation DGPS Station ID hh Checksum Description UTC of position in hhmmss.sss format, (000000.000 ~ 235959.999) Latitude in ddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. ‘N’ = North, ‘S’ = South Longitude in dddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. 'E' = East, 'W' = West GPS quality indicator 0: position fix unavailable 1: valid position fix, SPS mode 2: valid position fix, differential GPS mode Number of satellites in use, (00 ~ 24) Horizontal dilution of precision, (00.0 ~ 99.9) Mean sea level altitude (-9999.9 ~ 17999.9) in meter In meter Differential reference station ID, 0000 ~ 1023 NULL when DGPS not used GLL – Geographic Position – Latitude/Longitude Latitude and longitude of vessel position, time of position fix and status. Format: $--GLL,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,b,hhmmss.sss,A,a*hh<CR><LF> Field llll.lll a yyyyy.yyy b hhmmss.sss A hh Name Latitude N/S Indicator Longitude E/W Indicator UTC Time Status Checksum Description Latitude in ddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. ‘N’ = North, ‘S’ = South Longitude in dddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. 'E' = East, 'W' = West UTC of position in hhmmss.sss format, (000000.000 ~ 235959.999) A= data valid, V= Data not valid GSA – GNSS DOP and Active Satellites GPS receiver operating mode, satellites used in the navigation solution reported by the GGA or GNS sentence and DOP values. Format: $--GSA,a,x,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,xx,u.u,v.v,z.z*hh<CR><LF> Field a Name Mode x Mode xx’s Satellite ID u.u v.v z.z hh PDOP HDOP VDOP Checksum Description Mode ‘M’ = Manual, forced to operate in 2D or 3D mode ‘A’ = Automatic, allowed to automatically switch 2D/3D Fix type 1 = Fix not available 2 = 2D 3 = 3D 01 ~ 32 are for GPS; 33 ~ 64 are for WAAS (PRN minus 87); 65 ~ 96 are for GLONASS (64 plus slot numbers); 193 ~ 197 are for QZSS; 01 ~ 37 are for Beidou (BD PRN). GPS and Beidou satellites are differentiated by the GP and BD prefix. Maximally 12 satellites are included in each GSA sentence. Position dilution of precision (00.0 to 99.9) Horizontal dilution of precision (00.0 to 99.9) Vertical dilution of precision (00.0 to 99.9) GSV – GNSS Satellites in View Number of satellites (SV) in view, satellite ID numbers, elevation, azimuth, and SNR value. Four satellites maximum per transmission. Format: $--GSV,x,u,xx,uu,vv,zzz,ss,uu,vv,zzz,ss,…,uu,vv,zzz,ss*hh<CR><LF> Field x u xx uu Name Number of message Sequence number Satellites in view Satellite ID vv zzz ss Elevation Azimuth SNR hh Checksum Description Total number of GSV messages to be transmitted (1-3) Sequence number of current GSV message Total number of satellites in view (00 ~ 12) 01 ~ 32 are for GPS; 33 ~ 64 are for WAAS (PRN minus 87); 65 ~ 96 are for GLONASS (64 plus slot numbers); 193 ~ 197 are for QZSS; 01 ~ 37 are for Beidou (BD PRN). GPS and Beidou satellites are differentiated by the GP and BD prefix. Maximally 4 satellites are included in each GSV sentence. Satellite elevation in degrees, (00 ~ 90) Satellite azimuth angle in degrees, (000 ~ 359 ) C/No in dB (00 ~ 99) Null when not tracking RMC – Recommended Minimum Specific GNSS Data Time, date, position, course and speed data provided by a GNSS navigation receiver. Format: $--RMC,hhmmss.sss,x,llll.lll,a,yyyyy.yyy,a,x.x,u.u,xxxxxx,,,v*hh<CR><LF> Field hhmmss.sss x Name UTC time Status llll.lll a yyyyy.yyy a x.x u.u xxxxxx v Latitude N/S indicator Longitude E/W Indicator Speed over ground Course over ground UTC Date Mode indicator hh checksum Description UTC time in hhmmss.sss format (000000.000 ~ 235959.999) Status ‘V’ = Navigation receiver warning ‘A’ = Data Valid Latitude in dddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. ‘N’ = North; ‘S’ = South Longitude in dddmm.mmmm format. Leading zeros are inserted. 'E' = East; 'W' = West Speed over ground in knots (000.0 ~ 999.9) Course over ground in degrees (000.0 ~ 359.9) UTC date of position fix, ddmmyy format Mode indicator ‘N’ = Data not valid ‘A’ = Autonomous mode ‘D’ = Differential mode ‘E’ = Estimated (dead reckoning) mode VTG – Course Over Ground and Ground Speed The actual course and speed relative to the ground. Format: $--VTG,x.x,T,y.y,M,u.u,N,v.v,K,m*hh<CR><LF> Field x.x y.y u.u v.v m Name Course Course Speed Speed Mode hh Checksum Description Course over ground, degrees True (000.0 ~ 359.9) Course over ground, degrees Magnetic (000.0 ~ 359.9) Speed over ground in knots (000.0 ~ 999.9) Speed over ground in kilometers per hour (0000.0 ~ 1800.0) Mode indicator ‘N’ = not valid ‘A’ = Autonomous mode ‘D’ = Differential mode ‘E’ = Estimated (dead reckoning) mode ZDA – Time and Date UTC, day, month, year and local time zone. Format: $--ZDA,hhmmss.sss,dd,mm,yyyy,xx,yy*hh<CR><LF> Field hhmmss.sss dd mm yyyy xx yy hh Name UTC time UTC day UTC month UTC year Local zone hours Local zone minutes Checksum Description UTC time in hhmmss.sss format (000000.000 ~ 235959.999) 01 to 31 01 to 12 Four-digit year number 00 to +-13 00 to +59 STI,001 – Active Antenna Status Report An output message, ID 0x001, contains information of active antenna status. The status indicator is output upon power-on reset and change of active antenna connection state. Structure: $PSTI,001,x*hh<CR><LF> 1 2 3 Example: $PSTI,001,3*1C<CR><LF> Field 1 2 Name 001 Antenna Status Example 001 3 3 Checksum 1C Description Proprietary NMEA message identifier 0 : active antenna input short circuit 1 : active antenna input open unconnected 3 : active antenna input connection OK normal ORDERING INFORMATION Model Name S1216R8 S1216F8 S1216F8-BD S1216F8-BD12 S1216F8-GL S1216F8-GL12 Description ROM Version GPS Receiver Module Flash Version GPS Receiver Module Flash Version GPS/Beidou Receiver Module Flash Version GPS/Beidou Receiver Module Flash Version GPS/GLONASS Receiver Module Flash Version GPS/GLONASS Receiver Module Revision History Revision 0.1 0.2 Date June 11, 2013 June 16, 2013 Description Initial release Updated pin-9,21 description The information provided is believed to be accurate and reliable. These materials are provided to customers and may be used for informational purposes only. No responsibility is assumed for errors or omissions in these materials, or for its use. Changes to specification can occur at any time without notice. These materials are provides “as is” without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, relating to sale and/or use including liability or warranties relating to fitness for a particular purpose, consequential or incidental damages, merchantability, or infringement of any patent, copyright or other intellectual property right. No warrant on the accuracy or completeness of the information, text, graphics or other items contained within these materials. No liability assumed for any special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including without limitation, lost revenues or lost profits, which may result from the use of these materials. The product is not intended for use in medical, life-support devices, or applications involving potential risk of death, personal injury, or severe property damage in case of failure of the product.