TSI 8540 8543 manual

TSI 8540 8543 manual
ENVIROMENTAL DUSTTRAK™
AEROSOL MONITOR
MODEL 8540, 8543
OPERATION AND SERVICE MANUAL
P/N 6008408, REVISION A
MAY 2015
Copyright ©
TSI Incorporated / 2015 / All rights reserved.
Address
TSI Incorporated / 500 Cardigan Road / Shoreview, MN 55126 / USA
Fax No.
(651) 490-3824
Limitation of Warranty and Liability (effective February 2015)
(For country-specific terms and conditions outside of the USA, please visit www.tsi.com.)
Seller warrants the goods, excluding software sold hereunder, under normal use and
service as described in the operator's manual, shall be free from defects in workmanship
and material for twenty-four (24) months, or if less, the length of time specified in the
operator's manual, from the date of shipment to the customer. This warranty period is
inclusive of any statutory warranty. This limited warranty is subject to the following
exclusions and exceptions:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
Hot-wire or hot-film sensors used with research anemometers, and certain other
components when indicated in specifications, are warranted for 90 days from the
date of shipment;
DustTrak internal pump for Models 8530 and 8533 is warranted for two (2) years or
4000 hours, whichever comes first;
DustTrak External pump for Models 8530EP and 8533EP is warranted for two (2)
years or 8760 hours, whichever comes first:
Environmental DustTak pump for Models 8540 and 8543 is warranted for two (2)
years or 8760 hours, whichever comes first.
Parts repaired or replaced as a result of repair services are warranted to be free from
defects in workmanship and material, under normal use, for 90 days from the date of
shipment;
Seller does not provide any warranty on finished goods manufactured by others or on
any fuses, batteries or other consumable materials. Only the original manufacturer's
warranty applies;
This warranty does not cover calibration requirements, and seller warrants only that
the instrument or product is properly calibrated at the time of its manufacture.
Instruments returned for calibration are not covered by this warranty;
This warranty is VOID if the instrument is opened by anyone other than a factory
authorized service center with the one exception where requirements set forth in the
manual allow an operator to replace consumables or perform recommended
cleaning;
This warranty is VOID if the product has been misused, neglected, subjected to
accidental or intentional damage, or is not properly installed, maintained, or cleaned
according to the requirements of the manual. Unless specifically authorized in a
separate writing by Seller, Seller makes no warranty with respect to, and shall have
no liability in connection with, goods which are incorporated into other products or
equipment, or which are modified by any person other than Seller.
The foregoing is IN LIEU OF all other warranties and is subject to the LIMITATIONS
stated herein. NO OTHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR
PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY IS MADE. WITH RESPECT TO
SELLER’S BREACH OF THE IMPLIED WARRANTY AGAINST INFRINGEMENT, SAID
WARRANTY IS LIMITED TO CLAIMS OF DIRECT INFRINGEMENT AND EXCLUDES
CLAIMS OF CONTRIBUTORY OR INDUCED INFRINGEMENTS. BUYER’S
EXCLUSIVE REMEDY SHALL BE THE RETURN OF THE PURCHASE PRICE
DISCOUNTED FOR REASONABLE WEAR AND TEAR OR AT SELLER’S OPTION
REPLACEMENT OF THE GOODS WITH NON-INFRINGING GOODS.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE USER OR
BUYER, AND THE LIMIT OF SELLER'S LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL LOSSES,
i
INJURIES, OR DAMAGES CONCERNING THE GOODS (INCLUDING CLAIMS BASED
ON CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE, TORT, STRICT LIABILITY OR OTHERWISE) SHALL
BE THE RETURN OF GOODS TO SELLER AND THE REFUND OF THE PURCHASE
PRICE, OR, AT THE OPTION OF SELLER, THE REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE
GOODS. IN THE CASE OF SOFTWARE, SELLER WILL REPAIR OR REPLACE
DEFECTIVE SOFTWARE OR IF UNABLE TO DO SO, WILL REFUND THE PURCHASE
PRICE OF THE SOFTWARE. IN NO EVENT SHALL SELLER BE LIABLE FOR LOST
PROFITS, BUSINESS INTERRUPTION OR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT,
CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES. SELLER SHALL NOT BE
RESPONSIBLE FOR INSTALLATION, DISMANTLING OR REINSTALLATION COSTS
OR CHARGES. No Action, regardless of form, may be brought against Seller more than
12 months after a cause of action has accrued. The goods returned under warranty to
Seller's factory shall be at Buyer's risk of loss, and will be returned, if at all, at Seller's risk
of loss.
Buyer and all users are deemed to have accepted this LIMITATION OF WARRANTY AND
LIABILITY, which contains the complete and exclusive limited warranty of Seller. This
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY AND LIABILITY may not be amended, modified or its terms
waived, except by writing signed by an Officer of Seller.
Service Policy
Knowing that inoperative or defective instruments are as detrimental to TSI as they are
to our customers, our service policy is designed to give prompt attention to any
problems. If any malfunction is discovered, please contact your nearest sales office or
representative, or call TSI's Customer Service department at (800) 874-2811 (USA) or
(001 651) 490-2811 (International) or visit www.tsi.com.
ii
CONTENTS
SAFETY INFORMATION .................................................................... V
Laser Safety ...................................................................................... v
Labels ............................................................................................... vi
Description of Caution/Warning Symbols ........................................ vii
Caution ......................................................................................... vii
Warning ........................................................................................ vii
Caution and Warning Symbols ........................................................ vii
Reusing and Recycling ................................................................... viii
CHAPTER 1 PRODUCT OVERVIEW ............................................... 1
Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitors (Model 8540)................. 1
Environmental DustTrak DRX Aerosol Monitors (Model 8543) ........ 1
CHAPTER 2 UNPACKING AND PARTS IDENTIFICATION............ 3
Unpacking the DustTrak II Aerosol Monitor ...................................... 3
User Replaceable Internal Parts....................................................... 4
Table of Optional Accessories .......................................................... 5
Parts Identification for the Environmental DustTrak 8540/8543 ....... 6
CHAPTER 3 SETTING UP ................................................................ 9
Environmental Enclosure .................................................................. 9
Supplying Power to the Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor 10
Omni-directional Inlet Column ........................................................ 11
Optional accessory 854040 ......................................................... 11
Zero Calibration of Instrument ..................................................... 11
Instrument Setup and Operation Options ....................................... 12
Checkout Application Screen ...................................................... 13
Environmental DustTrak Checkout Application ........................... 14
CHAPTER 4 TRAKPRO SOFTWARE QUICK REFERENCE ........ 17
Connecting to the Computer ........................................................... 17
Installing TrakPro Data Analysis Software ..................................... 17
TrakPro Software Steps.................................................................. 18
Establishing Communications with the Instrument...................... 18
Setting up Logging Parameters on the DustTrak Software ......... 19
Setting User Calibration Factors ................................................. 21
Starting a DustTrak Sample Run................................................. 25
Downloading Data ....................................................................... 27
Viewing, Graphing and Exporting Data ....................................... 28
Local Analog/Alarm Output ............................................................. 29
Wiring the Analog Output ............................................................ 29
Wiring the Alarm .......................................................................... 30
Using TrakPro Software to Program the Analog Output ............. 30
Using TrakPro Software to Program Alarm Set Points ............... 32
iii
CHAPTER 5 MAINTENANCE ......................................................... 35
Maintenance Schedule ................................................................... 35
Cleaning the Inlet ............................................................................ 36
Cleaning and Oiling Impactors ........................................................ 37
Replacing the Internal Filters .......................................................... 39
Replacing Pump .............................................................................. 41
Replacing Internal Sampling Cassette............................................ 44
Return Shipping to TSI.................................................................... 47
CHAPTER 6 TROUBLESHOOTING ............................................... 49
APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS .................................................... 53
APPENDIX B INSTRUMENT COMMAND SET ............................. 55
Connecting to the Instrument .......................................................... 55
NIDS Communication Method ........................................................ 55
APPENDIX C DRX ADVANCED CALIBRATION .......................... 57
Option 1: Serial Gravimetric Calibration ......................................... 57
Step 1: PCF Calibration ............................................................... 57
Step 2: SCF Calibration ............................................................... 57
Option 2: Parallel Gravimetric Calibration....................................... 58
INDEX ................................................................................................ 61
These Application Notes can also be found on TSI’s web site:
http://www.tsi.com
iv
Safety Information
Laser Safety

The Model 8540/8543 Environmental DustTrak monitor is a
Class I laser-based instrument.

During normal operation, you will not be exposed to laser
radiation.

Precaution should be taken to avoid exposure to hazardous
radiation in the form of intense, focused, visible light.

Exposure to this light may cause blindness.
Take these precautions:

DO NOT remove any parts from the Environmental DustTrak
monitor unless you are specifically told to do so in this manual
WARNING
The use of controls, adjustments, or procedures
other than those specified in this manual may result
in exposure to hazardous optical radiation.
W A R N I N G
If the DustTrak monitor is used in a manner not
specified by the manufacturer, the protection
provided by the equipment may be impaired.
When operated according to the manufacturer’s instruction, this
device is a Class I laser product as defined by U.S. Department of
Health and Human Services standards under the Radiation Control
for Health and Safety Act of 1968. A certification and identification
label like the one shown below is affixed to each instrument.
v
Labels
Advisory labels and identification labels are attached to the
instrument.
1. Serial Number Label (back)
2. Laser Radiation Label
(internal)
DANGER!
VISIBLE LASER RADIATION WHEN
OPEN. AVOID DIRECT EXPOSURE
TO BEAM
WARNING: NO USER SERVICABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING
TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
3. Calibration Label (Back)
Calibrated
Customer Service 1-800-874-2811
Outside US
001-651-490-2811
www.tsi.com
Date: January 2015
4. IP Label (back)
5. European symbol for nondisposable item. Item must be
recycled.
vi
USB IP Address:
199.254.130.225
Description of Caution/Warning Symbols
Appropriate caution/warning statements are used throughout the
manual and on the instrument that require you to take cautionary
measures when working with the instrument.
Caution
Caution
Failure to follow the procedures prescribed in this
manual might result in irreparable equipment
damage. Important information about the operation
and maintenance of this instrument is included in
this manual.
Warning
WARNING
Warning means that unsafe use of the instrument
could result in serious injury to you or cause
damage to the instrument. Follow the procedures
prescribed.
Caution and Warning Symbols
The following symbols may accompany cautions and warnings to
indicate the nature and consequences of hazards:
Warns that the instrument contains a laser and that
important information about its safe operation and
maintenance is included in the manual.
Warns that the instrument is susceptible to electrostatic discharge (ESD) and ESD protection should
be followed to avoid damage.
Indicates the connector is connected to earth
ground and cabinet ground.
vii
Reusing and Recycling
As part of TSI Incorporated’s effort to have a minimal
negative impact on the communities in which its
products are manufactured and used:
Do not dispose of used batteries in the trash.
Follow local environmental requirements for
battery recycling.
If instrument becomes obsolete, return to TSI for
disassembly and recycling.
viii
Chapter 1
Product Overview
The Environmental DustTrak™ Model 8540 and Environmental
DustTrak™ DRX Model 8543 Aerosol Monitors are data-logging, lightscattering laser photometers that provide real-time mass
concentration readings for aerosol contaminants such as dust,
smoke, fumes and mist. These instruments use a sheath air system
that isolates the aerosol in the optics chamber to keep the optics
clean for improved reliability and low maintenance. The
Environmental DustTrak / Environmental DustTrak DRX offer a
suitable solution for long-term outdoor monitoring, construction and
environmental clean-up sites.
Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitors
(Model 8540)
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitors are continuous, realtime, single-channel, 90° light-scattering laser photometers that are
used to determine the mass concentration of aerosols. A robust, longlife pump allows for the use of a variety of size-selective inlet
conditioners to measure aerosol concentrations corresponding to
PM10, or PM2.5.
Environmental DustTrak DRX Aerosol Monitors
(Model 8543)
The Environmental DustTrak DRX Aerosol Monitors are continuous,
real-time light-scattering laser photometers that simultaneously
measure size-segregated mass fraction concentrations corresponding
to PM1, PM2.5, and PM10—something no other monitor can do. The
instrument combines both particle cloud (total area of scattered light)
and single particle detection to achieve mass fraction measurements.
This size-segregated mass fraction measurement technique is
superior to either a basic photometer or optical particle counter
(OPC). It delivers the mass concentration of a photometer and the
size resolution of an OPC.
1
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitors are designed to
operate inside the TSI Environmental DustTrak Enclosure
(Model 854030) which is IP44 rated for weather exposure. The
Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor should not be used outdoors
without an appropriate weather-proof enclosure.
2
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Unpacking and Parts Identification
Carefully unpack the Model 8540/8543 Environmental DustTrak™
Aerosol Monitor from the shipping container. Use the tables and
illustrations below to make certain that there are no missing
components. Contact TSI immediately if anything is missing or
damaged.
Unpacking the DustTrak II Aerosol Monitor
Compare all the components you received with those listed in the
table below. If any parts are missing, contact TSI.
Item
Qty
Part Number
Description
1
8540
Environmental
DustTrak
8543
Environmental
DustTrak DRX
1
1090014
Data Analysis
Software CD-ROM
1
1303740
USB cable
1
801856
Power supply
3
Item
Qty
Part Number
Description
1
6008408
Operation and
Service Manual
1
N/A
Calibration
Certificate
User Replaceable Internal Parts
Item
4
Part Number
Description
854044
Sheath Air Filter
(installed inside
instrument)
854043
Pump
(Installed inside
instrument)
Chapter 2
Item
Part Number
Description
NA
37-mm, 2-piece,
static conductive
cassette
(Installed inside
instrument)
Order blank replacement cassettes or media from www.zefon.com.
product # 37MMH-2CDF
Zefon can also supply pre-weighed filter media for gravimetric
sampling.
1-800-282-0073
Table of Optional Accessories
Item
Part Number
Description
854030
Environmental
Enclosure
See 854030 for
enclosure
accessory options
801905
Netronix™
Thiamis™ 1000
Communication
Node
854040
Omni-directional
Inlet w/Water Trap
Unpacking and Parts Identification
5
Item
Part Number
Description
854041
Heated Inlet
Sample Conditioner
854034
Power Supply
854042
Water Trap Bottle
854020
PM10 Impactor
854021
PM2.5 Impactor
854022
PM1.0 Impactor
Parts Identification for the Environmental DustTrak
8540/8543
Inlet
Analog/Alarm
USB Host
Power
Button
Service
Panel
USB Device
Ethernet
Power and
RS-232
Communication
for Heated Inlet
Accessory
Power
Figure 1: Features on Model 8540/8543
6
Chapter 2
Figure 2: Back panel interface control dimensions
Figure 3: View of back panel with mounting holes shown
Holes are pre-drilled in the back of the photometer to enable users to
develop their own mounting bracket for attaching the photometer into
an alternate enclosure.
Mounting the photometer using these holes will need quantity (4) # 632 screws that penetrate no deeper than 0.230” into the back panel of
the photometer.
Unpacking and Parts Identification
7
(This page intentionally left blank)
8
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Setting Up
Environmental Enclosure
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor is designed to be
housed inside a rated environmental enclosure. The TSI 854030
Environmental Enclosure is designed specifically to hold the
Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor and accessories. See
Environmental Enclosure Model 854030 Operation and Maintenance
Manual (P/N 6008410) for more details and installation instructions.
Figure 4: Environmental Enclosure
9
Supplying Power to the Environmental DustTrak
Aerosol Monitor
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor can be powered with
12-24 volts using the TSI supplied power supply (801856).
12-24 Volts
Barrel
Connector
Figure 5: Power connector pin-out
If Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor is installed in the 854030
Environmental Enclosure, power options include AC Power Supply
(854034), AC power supply included with Heater Enclosure (854033),
Battery Power (854036), and Solar Power Supply (854060).
10
Chapter 3
Omni-directional Inlet Column
Optional accessory 854040
See the Quick Start Guide installing impactors PM10 (854020),
PM2.5 (854021), PM1 (854022) onto the omnidirectional inlet for
details.
Figure 6: 360° inlet, water trap and base with connection rings
Zero Calibration of Instrument
The Environmental DustTrak has the ability to automatically “Zero”
the instrument readings at programmed intervals. “Zeroing” the
instrument resets the photo detector to what signal represents with no
aerosol flowing through the optics. Over time, photometric lightscattering instrument readings can drift due to changes in
temperature and aerosol build up in the optics. Programming regular
“Zero” events corrects the photometric signal to account for these
changes.
The Environmental DustTrak automatically performs an “Auto Zero
Check” when the instrument begins any programmed run. Use the
instructions below for programming with TrakPro software to set up
regular zeroing during long run times.
Setting Up
11
Instrument Setup and Operation Options
Power button
Figure 7: Setting up instrument and operating options
Press “power” button to turn on instrument. The button will turn blue
indicating the instrument has power and is turned on.
Use Checkout Application Screen or Netronix™ Environet (both
explained below) to read the instrument status, program instrument,
and activate instrument programmed run.
To turn instrument off, hold the “power” button for 10 seconds then
release. The blue indicator light in the power button will turn off
indicating the instrument has shut down.
The DustTrak instrument can be setup and controlled using one of
three options:

Use TrakPro™ Data Analysis Software to configure instrument,
run instrument and download data. Quick start information for
using TrakPro software is shown in the section below.

Use a Netronix™ Thiamis™ Communication Node and Environet
to setup and control the DustTrak monitor. See Netronix quick
guide for Netronix installation and set-up.

Use the DustTrak monitor’s command set to develop a custom
program to setup and control the DustTrak monitor. See the
command set information in Appendix B.
12
Chapter 3
Checkout Application Screen

Checkout Application Screen on software CD enables a “virtual
screen” of the DustTrak monitor’s settings and readout when the
instrument is turned on.

This can be used as part of field installation to ensure the
instrument is functioning when Netronix™ is not being used or a
web accessed device is not immediately available during field
installation.
Open Checkout Install executable file and follow the steps to run the
installation wizard.
Note:
Your computer must have the current version of TrakPro
software to access the proper drivers to communicate with
this Checkout Application.
Figure 8: Checkout Application – Setup screen
Setting Up
13
Environmental DustTrak Checkout Application
After installing the application, plug a USB cable into the instrument
and computer. Power on the instrument. The IP address and
instrument information will appear when connected.
Figure 9: Checkout Application – Connect tab
Click the Data tab to access the current instrument readings.
Clicking the Green arrow will start the instrument pump to begin
sampling.
Figure 10: Checkout Application – Data tab
14
Chapter 3
Click the Flow tab to adjust the pump flow rate.
Figure 11: Checkout Application – Flow tab
The Zero tab enables the user to Zero Calibrate the instrument.
The “Last Zero” and “New Zero” values do not represent particle
count or aerosol mass. These values are associated with the signal
received by the photometric sensor when no particles are passing
through the optics.
The instrument is programmed to complete a Zero every time
sampling is started.
Figure 12: Checkout Application – Zero tab
The Laser Tab is only accessible in password-protected “Engineering
Mode.” Changes made to the Laser setting will directly affect the
calibration, the instrument response, and is available only to TSI
technicians.
Setting Up
15
The Diagnostics Tab opens a command window that can be used to
send instructions to the instrument. See the Communication Settings
in Appendix B.
Figure 13: Checkout Application – Diagnostics tab
The IP Label tab opens a printer connection box and displays the
instrument IP address.
Figure 14: Checkout Application – IP Label tab
16
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
Connecting to the Computer
Connect the USB host port of a Microsoft Windows®-based computer
to the USB device port on the side of the DustTrak monitor.
Installing TrakPro Data Analysis Software
TrakPro software can preprogram the DustTrak monitor, download
data, view and create raw data and statistical reports, create graphs,
and combine graphs with data from other TSI instruments that use
TrakPro software. The following sections describe how to install the
software and set up the computer.
Note
To use TrakPro software with the DustTrak Aerosol
Monitor, the PC must be running Microsoft Windows® and
the computer must have an available Universal Serial Bus
(USB) port.
1.
Insert the TrakPro Data Analysis Software CD into the CD-ROM
drive. The install screen starts automatically.
Note
If the software does not start automatically after a few
minutes, manually run the program listed on the label of
the CD using the Run command on the Windows Start
Menu.
2.
Follow the directions to install TrakPro software.
TrakPro software contains a comprehensive installation guide. TSI
recommends printing out this guide prior to starting the TrakPro
software installation on your computer, so it may be consulted during
the installation. The TrakPro Software manual is located in the “Help”
file in TrakPro software. There is no separately printed TrakPro Data
Analysis software manual.
®
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
®
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
17
TrakPro Software Steps
Establishing Communications with the Instrument
Open up TrakPro software and select Instrument Setup ->
Communications.
The software will automatically find the instrument, shown in the
dialog below:
18
Chapter 4
Setting up Logging Parameters on the DustTrak Software
Select Instrument Setup -> Logging Setup.
This will open a dialog to allow for the seting up of the Survey mode,
Manual Mode and Program logs:
Press the Read button to get the current log modes
from the instrument.
Update the log modes to meet logging requirements. Details on log
modes are in table below.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
19
Survey Mode Options
Time Constant
Time Constant can be set from 1 to 60
seconds. This will control the update rate of the
main screen. It is the rolling average of data
displayed on the main screen and is not linked
to logged data in either Manual or Program Log
modes.
Auto Start on
Power Up
When set to “Yes”, unit will start a
measurement upon being powered on, if the
unit was set to “Survey” when it was turned off.
When set to “No”, the unit will be in idle when it
is powered on.
Manual Mode Options
Log Interval
The log interval can be set from 1 second to 60
minutes. It is the amount of time between
logged data points.
Test Length
Test length can be set from 1 minute to the
limit of the data storage.
Time Constant
Not used for the 8540/43 models.
Program Log Options
Log Name
Enter descriptive name for the log mode
Start Date
Select the date and the test will start.
Select the check box to use Start Date, option
to use programmed start date, or bypass
programmed start date.
Start Time
Select the time the test will start.
Select the check box to use Start Time, option
to use programmed start time or bypass
programmed start time.
Log Interval
The log interval can be set from 1 second to 60
minutes. It is the amount of time between
logged data points.
Test Length
From 1 minute to the limit of the data storage.
Number of Tests
1 to 999.
Time between
Tests
1 minute to 30 days.
20
Chapter 4
Program Log Options
Time Constant
Not used for the 8540/43 models.
Auto Zero
Interval
Interval between re-zeroing the instrument
using the built in autozero functionality.
Use the check box to enable use of
autozeroings.
Once the log modes have been updated, press the
Send button to send the new log modes to the
instrument.
If using a programmed start time and start date, update the
instrument date and time to ensure the logging starts as planned.
Select Instrument Setup -> Parameters -> Clock to set the time.
Setting User Calibration Factors
In most cases, the factor user calibration factor of 1 for photometric
and size cal (DRX only) will be sufficient. Instruction below if an
improved calibration factor is required.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
21
User Cal allows you to store and use 10 different calibration factors.
In addition, there i factory defaults, one is the “Ambient Cal” and the
other is the “Factory Cal”. The “Ambient Cal” is appropriate for
outdoor ambient dust or fugitive dust monitoring. The “Factory Cal” is
the calibration to ISO 12103-1, A1 Arizona test dust for which a
calibration certificate is provided with the instrument. The “Factory
Cal” is appropriate for most workplace aerosol monitoring. Factory
Cal can be set by simply setting 1 for size (DRX model only) and 1 for
the photometric cal.
Use the following steps to get to the user cal functionality:
Select Instrument Setup -> Calibration.
Press the Set User Calibration Factor button.
22
Chapter 4
In this dialog, you can select the ambient cal or 1 to 10 user set
calibration factors.
Four variables can be set for each user calibration.
Name
User can rename calibration to a description
name.
Photometric
Changes the factory calibration of particle
signal, based on Arizona Road Dust, to actual
aerosol being measured. See below for sets to
set this calibration.
Size Corr
Changes the factory calibration of the particle
distribution, based on Arizona Road Dust, to
actual aerosol being measured. This is for the
DRX only. A setting of 1 works for most
situations. Running the Size Correction Factor
calibration will more closely align the
photometric mass measurement with the size
distribution of the aerosol being measured.
User Cal
[on,off]
Selecting On will activate current user
calibration and deactivate the previously
selected user calibration.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
23
Determining a new Photometric Calibration Factor
In most situations, the DustTrak monitor with its built-in data logging
capability can provide very good information on how the
concentration of an aerosol changes for different processes over
time. Factory calibration to the respirable fraction of standard ISO
12103-1, A1 test dust is fairly representative of a wide variety of
workplace aerosols. Because optical mass measurements are
dependent upon particle size and material properties, there may be
times in which a custom calibration would improve your accuracy for a
specific aerosol.
Determining an aerosol-specific photometric calibration requires that
you determine a true mass concentration (e.g., gravimetric analysis)
for the aerosol you want to measure. The true mass concentration is
used to calculate the custom calibration factor for that aerosol. Once
you have a custom calibration factor, you can reuse it each time you
make measurements in the same aerosol environment.
Determining the Calibration Factor for a Specific Aerosol
The DustTrak DRX monitor is factory calibrated to the respirable
fraction of standard ISO 12103-1, A1 test dust. The DustTrak monitor
can be easily calibrated to any arbitrary aerosol by adjusting the
custom calibration factor. The DustTrak monitor’s custom calibration
factor is assigned the value of 1.00 for the factory calibration to
standard ISO test dust. This procedure describes how to determine
the calibration factor for a specific aerosol. Using the value of 1.00 will
always revert back to the factory calibration.
To determine a new calibration factor you need some way of
accurately measuring the concentration of aerosol, hereafter referred
to as the reference instrument. A gravimetric analysis is often the best
choice, though it is limited to nonvolatile aerosols.
To make an accurate calibration you must simultaneously measure
the aerosol concentration with the DustTrak monitor and your
reference instrument.
1. Zero the DustTrak monitor.
2. Put the instrument in Manual Log (Manual Logging is reviewed
later in this section).
3. Set the logging interval. One minute (i.e., “01:00”) is often a good
choice.
24
Chapter 4
4. Co-locate the DustTrak DRX monitor and the reference sampler
together so that they are measuring from the same area.
5. Start sampling aerosol with both instruments at the same time.
Note
Greater accuracy will be obtained with longer samples.
The time you permit for sampling often depends on the
reference instrument and characteristics of the measured
aerosol. It may take some time to collect sufficient aerosol
onto a filter cassette for accurate gravimetric analysis.
Refer to instructions of your reference instrument for
sampling times.
6. Stop sampling with both instruments at the same time.
7. Record the DustTrak monitor average concentration by viewing
the sample average by downloading the saved data to TrakPro.
8. Determine the mass concentration in mg/m3 from your reference
instrument. For gravimetric sampling this means weighing the
gravimetric sample.
Note
If you used the internal gravimetric filter in the DustTrak
Model 8543, the flow rate used to compute the
concentration should be 2 L/min, not 3 L/min since only
2 L/min of aerosol flow reaches the filter.
9. Compute the new calibration constant, NewCal, using the
following formula:
 Reference Concentration
NewCal  
  CurrentCal
 DustTrak Concentration 
10. Enter the new value into one of the
user cals and turn that cal “on”
using the radio button.
Starting a DustTrak Sample Run
Once a log mode is set and a calibration mode selected, the DustTrak
can be started using TrakPro. To start a sample, perform the following
steps.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
25
First Select Logging control
Select Instrument Setup -> Logging Control.
Next, establish communication with the instrument
Press the Discover Instrument button.
26
Chapter 4
Select your desired log mode from the Logging Program drop
down
Press Start Logging to begin the logging.
Note
If a start date and start time is selected, the instrument will
not immediately start with the logging and will remain in
idle unit the targeted date and time.
Downloading Data
Once the data has been logged to the instrument, it can be down
loaded into TrakPro software.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
27
Select File->Receive to download data from the instrument.
This will allow for the downloading of some or all of the data stored on
the insturment.
Viewing, Graphing and Exporting Data
Read the TrakPro help files for information on how to view, graph and
export the DustTrak Data.
28
Chapter 4
Local Analog/Alarm Output
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor has an Analog/Alarm
Output connection on the side of the instrument.
The pin-outs for wiring are shown below.
Alarm Positive (+)
Analog Output (+)
Analog Ground (–)
Alarm Ground (–)
4-pin miniDIN connector
Cable Wiring Diagram
Brown Wire
Analog Ground
Orange Wire
Analog Out
Red Wire
Alarm (+)
White Wire
Alarm (-)
Black Wire
Shield
Figure 15: Cable Wiring Diagram
Wiring the Analog Output
System specifications:

Output voltage: 0 to 5 VDC. With a maximum output of 15 mA.

Output Current 4 mA to 20 mA with a maximum load impendence
of 250 ohms.

Correct polarity must be observed (see pin-outs above).
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
29
Wiring the Alarm
System specifications:

Maximum voltage: 15 VDC (DO NOT USE AC POWER)

Maximum current: 1 Amp

Correct polarity must be observed (see pin-outs above)

The alarm switch, located inside the DustTrak monitor must be
located on the ground side of the alarm system.
WARNINGS


The Environmental DustTrak monitor Alarm Output
function should not be used to detect hazardous
conditions or to provide an alarm for protecting human
life, health or safety.
When connected to the analog out and alarm out
connector, you must use safety certified equipment
and/or power sources.
Caution
The alarm switch must not be wired to AC power! Failure
to install the user alarm properly could damage the
Environmental DustTrak instrument and/or void the
instrument warranty! Please read and follow all
instructions before wiring or operating the user alarm.
Using TrakPro Software to Program the Analog Output
Use TrakPro software to setup the Analog output. Select Instrument
Setup -> Parameters -> Analog Output… to get to the Analog
output dialog.
30
Chapter 4
This dialog will allow for the turning on/off and configuring of the
analog output.
Analog out [On, Off]
Turns analog out port on.
Size Fraction
Selects the size channel that will drive the
analog out. DRX model 8543 only
Output Setting [V,
mA]
Select between 0 to 5 V and 4 to 20 mA.
Lower Limit [mg/m3]
Mass concentration reading of the
selected channel that will correspond to 0
V or 4 mA.
Upper Limit [mg/m3]
Mass concentration reading of the
selected channel that will correspond to 5
V or 20 mA.
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
31
Using TrakPro Software to Program Alarm Set Points
Use TrakPro software to setup the Alarm Set Points. Select
Instrument Setup -> Parameters -> Alarm Setpoint… to get to the
alarm settings dialog.
Note
The Alarm is dependent on the logging interval. For the
Environmental DustTrak to alarm as soon as the Alarm
Setpoint is exceeded, the logging interval must be set as
low as possible (i.e., 1 second or 2 seconds). If a long test
duration does not permit setting such a short logging
interval, use the STEL alarm instead. The STEL is always
based on 1 second concentrations and is independent of
the logging interval. For more details on the STEL alarm,
see section below on STEL.
In Survey mode, the alarm is dependent on the time
constant.
32
Chapter 4
Alarms can be set of each mass channel for the DRX model 8543
(PM1, PM2, Resp, PM10 and Total). Alarms can only be set for the
Total channel for the standard DustTrak model 8540.
Alarm Setpoint
[mg/m3]
The alarm setpoint is the mass
concentration level upon which the
alarm1 is triggered.
Alarm will trigger if the mass
concentration, taken at the logging
interval, rises above the setpoint.
Relay [On, Off]
When the relay alarm is turned on, unit
will close its local relay switch when
Alarm level is surpassed.
Relay alarm can only be linked to one
mass channel at a time for the DRX
model 8543.
STEL [On, Off]
When the STEL alarm is turned on,
STEL data will be collected when Alarm
level is surpassed.
STEL alarm can only be linked to one
mass channel at a time for the DRX
model 8543
See following STEL Note.
Audible [On, Off]
When the audible alarm is turned on, the
instrument will activate internal beeper
when the alarm level is surpassed.
Audible alarm can only be linked to one
mass channel at a time for the DRX
model 8543.
Visible [On, Off]
No used for the 8540/43 models
TrakPro Software Quick Reference
33
STEL Alarm
STEL stands for Short Term Exposure Limit. When a STEL alarm is
selected, the instrument will inspect the data on a second by second
basis, independent from the selected logging interval. If the mass
exceeds the STEL limit, a STEL event triggers and the following
actions will be taken.
Data
Data will be taken of the STEL alarm
channel at a 1 minute logging interval for 15
minutes.
This data will be stored in a separate file
named STEL_XXX, where XXX will be
matched to the logged data file.
The instrument will also continue to log the
mass concentration data at the logging
interval selected.
STEL Alarm repeat
If the instrument remains over the STEL
limit after the 15 minute interval, or if the
instrument exceeds the STEL limit later
during the sample period, additional STEL
files will be generated.
STEL Data can be downloaded in TrakPro software similar to the
standard data.
34
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Maintenance
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor can be maintained in
the field using the instructions below.
TSI recommends the Environmental DustTrak monitor be returned to
the factory for annual calibration. For a reasonable fee, TSI will
quickly clean and calibrate the unit and return it to you in “as new”
working condition, along with a Certificate of Calibration. This “annual
checkup” helps ensure that the Environmental DustTrak monitor is
always in good operating condition.
WARNING
The only user-serviceable parts inside the
Environmental DustTrak are the gravimetric filter,
pump, and sheath flow filter accessible behind the
removable service panel.
The instrument case should only be opened by TSI or
a TSI approved service technician
Maintenance Schedule
The Environmental DustTrak Aerosol Monitor requires maintenance
on a regular basis. Table 1 lists the factory recommended
maintenance schedule.
Some maintenance items are required each time the DustTrak
monitor is used or on an annual basis. Other items are scheduled
according to how much aerosol is drawn through the instrument. For
example, TSI recommends cleaning the inlet sample tube after
350 hours of sampling a 1 mg/m3 concentration of aerosol. This
recommendation should be pro-rated according to how the instrument
is used. 350 hours at 1 mg/m3 is the same amount of aerosol as
700 hours at 0.5 mg/m3 or 175 hours at 2 mg/m3, etc.
35
Table 1. Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Item
Frequency
Clean inlet
350 hr. at 1 mg/m3*
Replace internal filters
350 hr. at 1 mg/m3* or when indicated by
the main screen filter error indicator.
Return to factory for
cleaning and calibration
Annually
Replace the internal HEPA
filter
Annually
*Pro-rated, see discussion above.
The Environmental DustTrak monitor keeps track of the accumulated
amount of aerosol drawn through it since its last cleaning.
Cleaning the Inlet
The inlet should be cleaned based on the schedule in Table 1.
1. Turn the DustTrak monitor off.
2. Unscrew the inlet nozzle from the instrument (Figure 16).
Figure 16: Unscrew Inlet Nozzle
3. Clean the inlet port. Use a cotton swab to clean the outside of the
inlet port. You may dampen the swabs with water or a light
solvent (e.g., isopropanol). Clean the inside of the sample tube by
using a small brush, along with a light solvent. Dry the tube by
blowing it out with compressed air, or let it air-dry thoroughly.
36
Chapter 5
Note
Be careful not to blow particles into the DustTrak
monitor inlet port.
Figure 17: Do NOT Blow into Instrument
4. Screw (hand-tighten) inlet back into instrument.
Cleaning and Oiling Impactors
The calibration impactor should be cleaned prior to every use. The
PM2.5 impactor is used to perform a Standard Calibration (size
correction) on the Environmental DustTrak DRX instrument, as
described in the Operations section.
Maintenance
37
Recommended impactor maintenance interval:
Average dust
concentration (mg/m3)
0.035
0.050
0.100
0.150
0.250
0.400
Impactor
maintenance interval
42 days
30 days
16 days
10 days
6 days
4 days
1. Unscrew Impactor. Check O-ring on the impactor base.
2. Clean outside and inside of Impactor and the impactor plate using
a clean brush and a light solvent. Dry impactor parts by blowing it
out with compressed air, or let it air-dry thoroughly.
3. Apply two drops of oil (included) to the impactor plate. Do not
over-fill impaction plate.
Apply
2 Drops of Oil
Figure 18: Apply Two Drops of Oil to Impactor Plate
4. Screw (hand-tighten) impactor back together.
38
Chapter 5
Replacing the Internal Filters
Recommended to replace the internal filters after every six months of
use.
1. Turn the instrument off.
2. Open Instrument Service Panel.
Figure 19: Open instrument service panel
3. Disconnect and remove old sheath air filter from the instrument.
Figure 20: Disconnect and remove old sheath air filter
Maintenance
39
4. Replace with new filter (PN 854044). Ensure tubing coming from
the “Y” connects to the inlet side of the filter as indicated by the
Flow arrow.
Figure 21: Replace with new filter
5. Replace cover and return to service.
Figure 22: Replace cover
40
Chapter 5
Replacing Pump
If the pump stops working it can be removed and replaced in the field.
See Quick Start Guide included with Replacement Pump (854043) for
additional details.
Figure 23: Replacement pump (854043)
First remove Photometer from the Environmental Enclosure following
the applicable steps:
1. Disconnect all cabling from photometer.
2. Remove inlet column. If inlet column includes a heated inlet
remove ferrite from the heated inlet cable and carefully pull the
heated inlet cable through the key hole on the mounting ring
when removing the inlet column (Figure 24a).
3. Loosen retainer ring on top of enclosure while holding photometer
(Figure 24b).
4. Pull photometer down and out of enclosure.
Figure 24: (a) Heated inlet cable;
(b) remove retainer ring and lower photometer
Maintenance
41
5. Have a replacement pump (P/N 854043) available.
6. Open instrument service panel.
Figure 25: Open instrument service panel
7. Remove the four Phillips head screws from the left-side panel.
Figure 26: Remove screws from left side panel
Note:
42
Remove only the raised-head screws. Do not remove
any screws with heads flush to the surface.
Chapter 5
8. Pull the pump from the enclosure and detach tubing, muffler, and
cable.
Figure 27: Pull pump from enclosure and
detach tubing, muffler, and cable
9. Attach the muffler to P, tubing to V, and cable to the new pump.
Figure 28: Attach muffler
10. Orientate pump inside instrument with muffler (port P) located in
the lower position (Figure 29).
Figure 29: Pump orientation
Maintenance
43
11. Secure the new pump inside the instrument case with the four
Phillips head screws.
Figure 30: Secure new pump
12. Replace photometer service panel and reinstall photometer inside
Environmental Enclosure following the steps above in reverse
order.
Replacing Internal Sampling Cassette
The internal cassette can be used to conduct sampling for gravimetric
or analytical analysis. The instrument comes with a blank cassette
containing a mesh sieve to keep large particulate out of the
instrument pump. Save this cassette and the filter. The Environmental
DustTrak is designed to have this cassette in place. The flow path will
be compromised without this cassette.
On occasion, this cassette should be removed and the mesh screen
cleaned by blowing with compressed air or rinsing under running
water and allowing the filter to dry before replacing the cassette. The
maintenance interval will vary depending on the aerosol concentration
being sampled. TSI recommends initially checking this screen
monthly until the accumulation rate is understood. The screen should
be changed out before it is completely coated with aerosol buildup.
TSI does not provide the filter media for gravimetric or analytical
sampling. Contact an AIHA Accredited Analytical Lab for assistance
selecting and purchasing proper filter media. Request a 37mm, 2piece, static conductive plastic cassette
44
Chapter 5
1. To remove cassette, open instrument service panel to access the
sampling cassette. Internal sampling cassette is located in the
upper right opening.
Figure 31: Remove sampling cassette
2. Pinch the blue clip to release the bottom cassette holder and
remove cassette from the holder.
Figure 32: Release and remove cassette holder
Maintenance
45
3. Inspect top inlet fitting and blue cassette holder for broken pieces
or missing seals.
Figure 33: Inspect top inlet fitting and blue cassette holder
4. Install a blank cassette for DustTrak operation or a pre-weighed,
37mm, 2-piece, conductive cassette with the appropriate filter
media for the analysis to be performed.
5. Make sure the Cassette snaps securely into the inlet port on the
top of the cassette holder and the bottom clip snaps securely into
place. If the connection is loose, air will leak resulting in
inaccurate sampling results.
Figure 34: Snap cassette securely into inlet port
46
Chapter 5
Return Shipping to TSI
Visit our website at http://rma.tsi.com to initiate a Return Merchandise
Authorization (RMA) form:

Disconnect and remove all accessories.

Package the instrument in the original shipping container.
Note
If original shipping container is not available, pack
instrument securely in a durable shipping carton to
prevent damage during shipment. Consult with courier for
packing guidance.

Include printed copy of RMA form inside container with
instrument.

Ship to TSI via trackable shipping method.
Maintenance
47
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48
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Troubleshooting
The table below lists the symptoms, possible causes, and
recommended solutions for common problems encountered with the
DustTrak II monitor.
Symptom
Erratic reading.
DustTrak
reading
negative
concentrations
Analog output
does not work
Possible Cause
Leak
Corrective Action
Check connections for leaks
Dirty inlet port and/or
sample tube
Clean inlet port. Clean or
replace tubing
Internal filter(s) not
installed properly
(leaking)
Inspect internal filter wells to
make certain the filters and
O-rings are seated properly.
Replace internal filters if
necessary
Increase autozero
frequency
Zero Drift
Cable/connector not
correctly installed
Make sure cable connector
is fully seated
Output wired with
reverse polarity
Alarm output
does not work
Alarm function not
turned on
Make sure analog out (+)
and analog ground (-) are
wired correctly to datalogger
Turn the alarm function on
in TrakPro software
Alarm does not
turn on correctly
Alarm setting
incorrect
Check the alarm settings in
TrakPro
Alarm output wired
with reverse polarity
Alarm wires are polarized.
Voltage input must be wired
to alarm input (+)
49
Symptom
Instrument does
not store new
data
Flow Error is
indicated in
Data set or on
Environet
Laser Error
indicated in data
set of on
Environet
50
Possible Cause
Memory is full
Corrective Action
Delete or transfer historic
data
Instrument is in
Survey mode
The instrument does not
store data in survey mode.
Can to manual or program
log mode
Remove obstruction if still
present. Press any key to
bypass
Flow obstruction
Internal pump failing,
indicated by inability
to adjust flow rate to
full range
Replace pump per
instructions in maintenance
section.
Filter Cassette
clogged or has mass
loading
Laser background is
too high
Replace the filter cassette.
See the maintenance
section of the manual
Remove and clean inlet
nozzle. Pay close attention
to the tip of the nozzle that
is inserted into the
instrument to ensure it is
clear of any contamination
Laser is failing
Factory service may be
required
Chapter 6
Symptom
Filter Error
indicated in data
set or on
Environet
Possible Cause
Filters need to be
replaced
Corrective Action
Replaced the filters per
instructions in the
maintenance section of this
manual. Make sure to reset
the filter mass and date
once the filters have been
changed
No te
This is only a warning.
The unit will continue to
operate normally until the
increase in pressure drop
across the filter is so high
that the pump can no
longer maintain the set
flow rate.
Troubleshooting
51
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52
Chapter 6
Appendix A
Specifications
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
8540/8543 Environmental DustTrak is designed to operate inside a
weather-proof enclosure, like TSI Model 854030 Environmental
Enclosure, sold separately.
Sensor Type
90° light scattering
Range
0.001 to 400 mg/m3 (model 8540)
0.001 to 150 mg/m3 (model 8543)
Resolution
±0.1% of reading of 0.001 mg/m3, whichever
is greater
Zero Stability
±0.002 mg/m3 24 hours at 10 sec time
constant
Particle Size Range
Approximately 0.1 to 10 µm
Flow Rate
3.0 L/min set at factory
Flow Accuracy
±5% factory set point
Internal flow controlled
Temperature
Coefficient
+0.001 mg/m3 per °C
Operational Temp
0° to 50°C
Storage Temp
-20° to 60°C
Operational Humidity
0-95% RH, non-condensing
Time Constant
Adjustable 1 to 60 seconds
Data Logging
45 days at 1 minute samples
Log Interval
1 second to 1 hour
Physical Size (HWD)
8.25 x 8.25 x 4.25 in.
(20.96 x 20.96 x 10.80 cm)
Weight
5.25 lbs (2.38 kg)
Communications
USB (Host and Device) and Ethernet.
Power
12/24 Volts DC
50 Watts
53
Analog out
8540/8543:
User selectable output 0 to 5 V or 4 to 20 mA
User selectable scaling
Alarm Out
8540/8543:
Relay or sound buzzer
Relay
No latching MOSFET
User selectable set point
5% deadband
Connector 4-pin, Mini-DIN connectors
Internal Sampling
Cassette
Removable 37-mm, 2-piece, static
conductive cassette.
Contact AIHA Accredited Analytical Lab for
guidance on selecting the proper filter media
for your desired analytical testing.
54
Appendix A
Appendix B
Instrument Command Set
See DustTrak Communication Manual for instrument command
instructions for communicating with wireless modems and other
dataloggers. Contact TSI for a copy of the communication manual
(P/N 6002481).
Connecting to the Instrument
USB and Ethernet instrument connections use the NDIS
communication method, port 3602.
NIDS Communication Method
This method communicates with the instruments via USB and
Ethernet connections. This method uses windows sockets.
55
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56
Appendix B
Appendix C
DRX Advanced Calibration
The advanced calibration method is employed to yield high size
segregated mass concentration accuracy for PM1.0, PM2.5, Respirable,
and PM10 size fractions. It involves two gravimetric measurements to
obtain PCF and SCF. The two gravimetric measurements can be
done in sequence or in parallel, depending on the gravimetric
sampling device availability.
Option 1: Serial Gravimetric Calibration
When you have only one set of gravimetric sampling devices, the
DustTrak DRX advanced calibration can be performed in two serial
steps. The experimental setup is in Figure 35a. The calibration steps
are outlined below:
Step 1: PCF Calibration

Install a PM2.5 impactor at the inlet of the external gravimetric
filter.

Co-locate and run the gravimetric sample and DustTrak DRX
monitor simultaneously to collect enough mass on the gravimetric
filter.

Calculate the PM2.5 mass concentration (PM2.5_Grav) from the
gravimetric filter based on the net mass collected on the filter,
sampling time, flow rate, and total liters of air sampled.

Read the DustTrak DRX monitor average PM2.5 mass
concentration (PM2.5_DRX) from the screen or through TrakPro
Data Analysis Software.

Calculate the new PCF
PCFNew 

PM2.5_Grav
PM2.5_DRX
 PCFOld .
Update the new PCF in user calibration settings.
Step 2: SCF Calibration

Install a PM10 impactor at the inlet of the external gravimetric
filter.
57

Co-locate and run the gravimetric sample and DustTrak DRX
monitor simultaneously to collect enough mass on the gravimetric
filter.

Calculate the PM10 mass concentration (PM10_Grav) from the
gravimetric filter based on the net mass collected on the filter,
sampling time, flow rate, and total liters of air sampled.

Read the DustTrak DRX monitor average PM2.5 (PM2.5_DRX) and
PM10 (PM10_DRX) mass concentration from the screen or though
TrakPro Data Analysis Software.

Calculate the new SCF
SCFNew

 PM10 _ Grav  PM2.5 _ DRX

 PM10 _ DRX  PM2.5 _ DRX

1
3
  SCFOld .


Update the new SCF in user calibration settings.
Option 2: Parallel Gravimetric Calibration
When you have two sets of gravimetric sampling devices, the
DustTrak DRX monitor advanced calibration can be performed in the
parallel configuration as shown in Figure 35b. The calibration steps
are outlined below:
1. Install a PM2.5 and a PM10 impactor at the inlet of the two external
gravimetric filters, respectively.
2. Co-locate and run the gravimetric samples and DustTrak DRX
monitor simultaneously to collect enough mass on the gravimetric
filters.
3. Calculate the PM2.5 (PM2.5_Grav) and PM10 (PM10_Grav) mass
concentrations from the gravimetric filters based on the net mass
collected on the filter, sampling time, flow rate, and total liters of
air sampled.
4. Read the DustTrak DRX monitor average PM2.5 and PM10 mass
concentration (PM2.5_DRX and PM10_DRX) from the DRX screen or
through TrakPro Data Analysis Software.
5. Calculate the new PCF
PCFNew 
PM2.5_Grav
PM2.5_DRX
 PCFOld ,
and the new SCF
SCFNew
58
 PM10 _ Grav  PM2.5 _ Grav

 PM10 _ DRX  PM2.5 _ DRX

1
3
  SCFOld .


Appendix C
6. Update the new SCF and PCF in the user calibration settings.
(a)
(b)
Figure 35: Experimental Setup for
(a) Serial and (b) Parallel Gravimetric Calibration
DRX Advanced Calibration
59
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60
Appendix C
Index
4
4-pin miniDIN connector,
29
A
advanced calibration, 57
advisory labels, vi
aerosol monitor
maintenance, 35
specifications, 53
troubleshooting, 49
alarm
audible, 33
logging interval, 32
relay1, 33
STEL 1, 33
survey mode, 32
visible, 33
wiring, 30
alarm output not working,
49
alarm1 setpoint, 33
analog
lower limit, 31
out, 31
output setting, 31
size fraction, 31
upper limit, 31
analog output
wiring, 30
analog output not
working, 49
analog/alarm output
connecting, 29
applying drops of oil to
impactor plate, 38
attaching muffler, 43
audible, 33
auto start on power up,
20
auto zero check, 11
auto zero interval, 21
B
back panel interface
control dimensions, 7
back panel with mounting
holes, 7
battery power, 10
C
cable
detaching, 43
cable wiring diagram, 29
calibration certificate, 4
calibration factor
for specific aerosol, 24
calibration impactor
cleaning and oiling, 37
calibration label, vi
caution
description, vii
caution and warning
symbols, vii
checkout application, 14
connect tab, 14
data tab, 14
diagnostics tab, 16
IP label tab, 16
setup screen, 13
zero tab, 15
checkout application
screen, 13
checkout calibration
flow tab, 15
Class I, v
cleaning
inlet conditioner, 36
connect tab, 14
connecting
analog/alarm output,
29
connecting computer, 17
D
data tab, 14
description of
caution/warning
symbols, vii
detaching cable, 43
detaching muffler, 43
detaching tubing, 43
determining calibration
factor for specific
aerosol, 24
diagnostics tab, 16
discover instrument, 27
downloading data, 28
E
Environmental DustTrak
checkout application,
14
Environmental DustTrak
DRX aerosol monitors,
1
Environmental DustTrak
DRX monitor, 3
Environmental DustTrak
monitor, 3
Environmental DustTrak
monitors, 1
Environmental Enclosure,
5, 9
erratic reading, 49
error messages, 49
European symbol for
non-disposable item, vi
exporting data, 29
F
features, 6
file
receive, 28
filter cassette
troubleshooting, 50
filter error, 51
flow error, 50
flow tab, 15
G
graphing data, 29
H
heated inlet cable, 41
heated inlet sample
conditioner, 6
heater enclosure, 10
I–J–K
inlet, 11
inlet conditioner
cleaning, 36
instrument calibration
user calibration name,
23
instrument command set,
55
connecting to
instrument, 55
NIDS communication
method, 55
instrument not storing
new data, 50
instrument setup, 12
calibration, 22
logging control, 26
parameters
alarm setpoint, 32
clock, 21
internal filter
replacing, 39
61
internal gravimetric filter,
26
internal sampling
cassette
removing, 45
replacing, 44
IP label, vi
IP label tab, 16
L
laser error, 50
laser radiation label, vi
laser safety, v
log interval, 20
logging control, 26
M
maintenance, 35
schedule, 35
maintenance schedule
clean inlet, 36
cleaning and
calibration, 36
recommended, 36
replace internal filters,
36
replace internal HEPA
filter, 36
manual, 4
manual mode
log interval, 20
test length, 20
maximum current, 30
maximum voltage, 30
Model 8540, 1, 3
Model 8543, 1, 3
muffler
attaching, 43
detaching, 43
N
name, 24
negative concentrations,
49
Netronix Thiamis 1000
communication node, 5
newcal, 26
NIDS communication
method, 55
number of tests, 20
O
omni-directional inlet
column, 11
omni-directional inlet with
water trap, 5
optical particle counter, 1
62
P–Q
parallel gravimetric
calibration, 58
parts identification, 3, 6
PCF calibration, 57
photometric, 24
PM1.0 impactor, 6
PM10 impactor, 6
PM2.5 impactor, 6
power connector pin-out,
10
power supply, 3, 6
product overview, 1
program log options, 20
auto zero interval, 21
log interval, 20
log name, 20
number of tests, 20
start date, 20
start time, 20
test length, 20
time between tests, 21
time constant, 21
use start date, 20
use start time, 20
pump, 4
securing, 44
pump orientation, 43
size corr, 24
size fraction, 31
software, 3
installation, 17
solar power supply, 10
specifications, 53
standard calibration
method-photometric
calibration factor, 24
start date, 20
start logging, 28
start time, 20
starting a DustTrak
sample run, 26
static conductive
cassette, 5
STEL, 34
alarm repeat, 34
data, 34
STEL 1, 33
survey mode
auto start on power up,
20
time constant, 20
T
relay1, 33
replacement pump, 41
replacing cover, 40
replacing internal filter,
39
replacing internal
sampling cassette, 44
replacing new filter, 40
replacing pump, 41
retainer ring, 41
return shipping to TSI, 47
reusing and recycling, viii
test length, 20
time between tests, 21
time constant, 20, 21
TrakPro software, 11
installation, 17
program alarm set
points, 32
program analog output,
31
quick reference, 17
setting up logging
parameters, 19
steps, 18
troubleshooting, 49
tubing
detaching, 43
S
U
safety information, v
SCF calibration, 57
securing pump, 44
serial gravimetric
calibration, 57
serial number label, vi
service policy, ii
set user calibration
factor, 23
setting up, 9
instrument, 12
setting user calibration
factors, 22
sheath air filter, 4, 39
unpacking, 3
USB cable, 3
USB port
connector, 17
use start date, 20
use start time, 20
user cal, 22, 24
name, 24
photometric, 24
size corr, 24
user calibration factors,
22
R
Index
V
W–X–Y
viewing data, 29
visible, 33
warning, v
description, vii
warranty, i
water trap, 11
water trap bottle, 6
Index
wiring alarm, 30
wiring analog output, 30
Z
zero calibration, 11
zero tab, 15
63
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64
Index
TSI Incorporated – Visit our website www.tsi.com for more information.
USA
UK
France
Germany
Tel: +1 800 874 2811
Tel: +44 149 4 459200
Tel: +33 1 41 19 21 99
Tel: +49 241 523030
P/N 6008408 Rev. A
India
Tel: +91 80 67877200
China
Tel: +86 10 8219 7688
Singapore Tel: +65 6595 6388
©2015 TSI Incorporated
Printed in U.S.A.
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