Getting Started with VMware Fusion

Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Getting Started with VMware Fusion
VMware Fusion for Mac OS X
EN-000371-00
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware
Web site at:
http://www.vmware.com/products/fusion/support.html
The VMware Web site also provides the latest product updates.
If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to:
[email protected]
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VMware is a registered trademark or trademark of VMware, Inc. in the United States
and/or other jurisdictions. All other marks and names mentioned herein may be
trademarks of their respective companies.
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Contents
Getting Started with VMware Fusion
5
Introduction 5
What Is a Virtual Machine? 5
What You Can Do with VMware Fusion
6
System Requirements for VMware Fusion 7
Install VMware Fusion 8
Upgrade VMware Fusion 10
Start VMware Fusion 11
Getting Up and Running
11
Create a Windows Virtual Machine with Windows Easy Install 12
Create a Virtual Machine from the Boot Camp Partition 14
Migrating an Existing PC to a Virtual Machine
15
Import an Existing Parallels Desktop or Microsoft Virtual PC 7.0 Virtual
Machine 15
Using Mac Keyboards in a Virtual Machine 16
Sending the Ctrl-Alt-Delete Command to a Virtual Machine 17
Quit Your Virtual Machine 17
VMware Fusion Resources
18
Supported Guest Operating Systems 18
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Introduction
VMware Fusion™ enables you to run your favorite Windows applications and
PC-only devices on your Intel-based Mac. Designed from the ground up for
the Mac user, VMware Fusion makes it easy to take advantage of the
flexibility, security, and portability of virtual machines to run Windows and
other x86 operating systems side by side with Mac OS X.
What Is a Virtual Machine?
A virtual machine is a software equivalent of a physical computer that, like
the physical machine, runs an operating system and applications. In the case
of VMware Fusion, a virtual machine is equivalent to a personal computer
(PC). A virtual machine is like having a computer running inside another
computer, mimicking the actions of different hardware devices commonly
found inside a computer, such as a processor, memory, and a hard drive. It is
a software file stored on your Mac that contains Windows and all your
applications associated with it.
The Mac that you run a virtual machine on is typically referred to as the host.
In this context, the virtual machine is referred to as a guest.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
What You Can Do with VMware Fusion
With VMware Fusion, Intel-based Mac users have many capabilities.

Run your favorite Windows and Linux applications on any
Intel-based Mac, without rebooting – VMware Fusion runs on Mac OS
X Snow Leopard and Leopard, and supports over 150 operating systems,
including Microsoft Windows 7.

Get the most out of your Mac – With support for 64-bit virtual machines
and 8GB of RAM and eight virtual processors per virtual machine in
version 3.1, VMware Fusion turns your Mac into a powerhouse.

Run a wide range of sophisticated 3D applications and games –
VMware Fusion lets you take advantage of the combination of your
Mac’s advanced graphics and Windows 7 new desktop with Aero
animations. With DirectX 9.0c Shader Model 3 support and OpenGL 2.1
support for Windows, you can run your favorite Windows games and
applications better than ever without having to reboot.

Create virtual machines easily – The VMware Fusion New Virtual
Machine Assistant guides you through the process of creating a virtual
machine. Windows Easy Install and Linux Easy Install make it easier than
ever to install your favorite operating system on your Mac.

Migrate your Windows PC to a virtual machine effortlessly –
VMware Fusion lets you use your Mac and take your old Windows PC
with you. With the VMware Fusion integrated Migration Assistant, you
can convert your physical PC into a virtual machine to run on your Mac
in a few steps, and access all of your old PC applications and files.

Graduate from Boot Camp – If you have been running Windows using
Boot Camp on your Mac, but want to be able to run Mac OS X and
Windows side by side, VMware Fusion can directly access your existing
Boot Camp partition. You can even import it into a virtual machine,
letting you reclaim your disk space.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion

Bring your other virtual machines to VMware Fusion – If you have
been using Parallels Desktop or Microsoft Virtual PC for Mac to run
Windows on your Mac, VMware Fusion imports your existing virtual
machines and provides stability, performance, and ease of use.

Keep Windows safer on your Mac – With advanced safety features like
multiple snapshots and AutoProtect, VMware Fusion enables you to
keep your virtual machines safe from unexpected harm. VMware Fusion
includes a 12-month complimentary subscription to McAfee VirusScan
Plus that you can use to keep Windows spyware and viruses away.
System Requirements for VMware Fusion
VMware Fusion has the following minimum system requirements:

Any Mac with an Intel processor

1GB of RAM, 2GB recommended

700MB of free disk space for VMware Fusion, and at least 5GB of free disk
space for each virtual machine

Mac OS X version 10.5.8 Leopard or later, or 10.6.3 Snow Leopard or later

Operating system installation CD/DVD or disk image for virtual
machines. Windows operating systems available separately from
Microsoft and your favorite retailers
NOTE You must have enough memory to run Mac OS X, plus the memory
required for each guest operating system and for applications on the Mac
and in the virtual machine. See your guest operating system and application
documentation for their memory requirements.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Install VMware Fusion
You can install VMware Fusion from a CD
To install VMware Fusion
1
Select an installation method.
a
If you are installing from a CD, insert it and skip to Step 4.
b
If you are installing from a download, first download VMware Fusion
from the VMware Web site at http://www.vmware.com/mac/.
Click the Download link and follow the subsequent links for an
electronic download distribution.
The VMware Fusion disk image has a full version and a light version.
The full version has the VMware Tools suite of utilities for all
supported operating systems, and the light version has
VMware Tools for Windows and Mac OS X Server only, with
additional VMware Tools downloadable on demand.
2
Click the download link, and save the application to your Mac.
The VMware Fusion disk image is saved to your default download
directory. For the full version, the filename is
VMware-Fusion-x.x.x-xxxxxx.dmg, where x.x.x is the application version
and xxxxxx is the build number for the download release. The light
version filename is VMware-Fusion-x.x.x-xxxxxx-light.dmg.
3
Double-click VMware-Fusion-x.x.x-xxxxxx.dmg or
VMware-Fusion-x.x.x-xxxxxx-light.dmg to mount it.
4
Double-click the Install VMware Fusion icon to start the Installation
Assistant, and follow its instructions.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
5
Enter your serial number.
If you do not have a serial number, click Get Serial Number to go to the VMware
Web site, where you can purchase a VMware Fusion serial number.
You can continue without entering a serial number, but you cannot
power on a virtual machine until you enter a valid serial number. Enter
your serial number by selecting VMware Fusion > Buy Now or Enter
License.
6
Choose whether to participate in the VMware User Experience
Improvement Program. Click Continue to make your choice in the
Would you like to participate in our User Experience Improvement
Program? dialog.
a
(Optional) Click Learn More to read a description of the VMware
User Experience Improvement Program.
b
Click Yes to participate, or No if you do not want to participate.
After you install VMware Fusion, you can change the participation
setting at any time by selecting VMware Fusion > Preferences.
7
Click Install.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Upgrade VMware Fusion
If you are upgrading VMware Fusion, you do not need to uninstall the version
installed on your computer. Installation and upgrade does not modify
existing virtual machines.
When you upgrade an existing VMware Fusion installation, make sure that all
your virtual machines are properly shut down and that VMware Fusion is not
running.
To upgrade VMware Fusion
To upgrade the application follow the same steps from “Install VMware
Fusion” on page 8.
NOTE Upgrading to VMware Fusion requires a valid 25-character VMware
Fusion 3 serial number. If you do not have one, during installation click Get
Serial Number on the Serial Number panel, which opens a Web portal
where you can purchase an upgrade key.
After upgrading the VMware Fusion, you must upgrade VMware Tools on
your virtual machine.
To upgrade VMware Tools
The first time you power on your Windows virtual machine, it offers to install
VMware Tools. Approve that, and when the Tools installation is done, restart
the virtual machine when prompted.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Start VMware Fusion
When you start VMware Fusion, the Virtual Machine Library window appears,
open to the Home panel. From this panel you can start any of the actions
described in “Getting Up and Running.”
To start VMware Fusion
In the Applications folder, double-click VMware Fusion.
For instructions on configuring, running, and closing VMware Fusion, see the
VMware Fusion Help.
Getting Up and Running
You can use one of the following options to get up and running quickly with
VMware Fusion:

Create a Windows virtual machine.

Use an existing Boot Camp installation.

Migrate your existing Windows PC.

Import a Parallels Desktop or Microsoft Virtual PC virtual machine.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Create a Windows Virtual Machine with
Windows Easy Install
When you create a Windows virtual machine, you can use the
VMware Fusion Windows Easy Install feature to automatically install
Windows and VMware Tools in your virtual machine. VMware Fusion creates
your virtual machine, selects the default Windows installation options, and
installs VMware Tools, which loads the drivers required to optimize your
virtual machine’s performance. You can also have Windows Easy Install make
your Mac home folder and other folders available to this virtual machine, so
that you can share files between the virtual machine and your Mac.
Alternatively, you can isolate your virtual machine from your Mac and other
virtual machines.
Windows Easy Install is available for the following Windows operating
systems:

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP, Windows 2000

Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows 2000 Server
If you are not using one of these Windows operating systems in your virtual
machine, or you want to install the operating system manually, see the
VMware Fusion Help for details on creating virtual machines.
To create a Windows virtual machine using Windows Easy Install
1
Insert your Windows CD/DVD into your optical drive.
You need a valid Windows product key. Windows CDs that were
included with a previous physical computer might be locked to that
machine and not work. Check with the PC manufacturer for more
information.
2
Select File > New.
The New Virtual Machine Assistant starts.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
3
In the Introduction panel, ensure that Install this operating system is
selected, and click Continue.
4
In the Windows Easy Install panel, enter your Display Name or Account
Name, Password (optional), and Windows Product Key.
The entry in the Display Name field (Windows XP and earlier) appears
in information boxes as the name your Windows software is registered
to. It is not the Windows user name. The entry in the Password field is
the password for the windows administrator account only. VMware does
not provide the Windows Product Key. It is in the packaging for the
Windows operating system CD/DVD.
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6
In the Integration panel, indicate how the new virtual machine should
handle basic file sharing.

More Seamless. VMware Fusion shares your Mac’s documents and
applications with Windows. Files on your Mac that Windows
supports open in Windows.

More Isolated. VMware Fusion does not share your Mac’s
documents and applications with Windows.
In the Finish panel, click Finish.
VMware Fusion installs Windows. This process can take up to 45 minutes.
After installing Windows, VMware Fusion installs VMware Tools and
powers on the virtual machine.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Create a Virtual Machine from the Boot Camp
Partition
Boot Camp is an application from Apple that enables an Intel-based Mac to
run Windows operating systems. Boot Camp creates separate Mac and
Windows partitions on your hard disk to create a dual-boot environment, so
that you can use either Mac OS X or Windows at boot time, but not both.
With VMware Fusion, you can use your Windows Boot Camp partition as a
virtual machine. This feature gives you the following abilities:

Use your Boot Camp virtual machine and your Mac at the same time
without rebooting to switch between them.

Share files easily between your Boot Camp virtual machine and your
Mac, through shared folders, and by dragging and dropping files or
cutting and pasting text.
NOTE If VMware Tools is not installed, and you reactivate Windows in your
Boot Camp virtual machine, and subsequently boot your Boot Camp
partition natively, you are prompted to reactivate Windows. Reactivating
Windows in your native Boot Camp partition results in your Boot Camp
virtual machine requiring reactivation the next time you power it on, and so
on. Installing VMware Tools solves this problem. If you have VMware Tools
installed, you must reactivate Windows only when you first power on your
Boot Camp virtual machine.
To create a virtual machine from the Boot Camp partition
1
From the Virtual Machine Library window, select Boot Camp partition,
which is automatically detected, and click the run arrow.
2
Enter your Mac password to access the Boot Camp partition.
You must have administrator privileges to use the Boot Camp as a virtual
machine. VMware Fusion creates a virtual machine from your Boot Camp
partition and starts Windows.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
3
After Windows boots from your Boot Camp virtual machine,
VMware Fusion starts the installation of VMware Tools to enable full
virtual machine functionality and optimize performance for your Boot
Camp partition when used as a virtual machine. Follow the onscreen
instructions and restart your virtual machine when prompted.
4
When the VMware Tools installation is complete, reboot your computer.
The first time you power on your Boot Camp virtual machine after installing
VMware Tools, you must reactivate Windows.
Migrating an Existing PC to a Virtual Machine
VMware Fusion makes it easy for Windows users to make the switch to a Mac.
To migrate from a physical PC to VMware Fusion, use the Migration Assistant,
available from the Virtual Machine Library or select File > Migrate Your PC.
After you install the VMware Fusion PC Migration Agent on your PC, the
Migration Assistant can make a network connection and convert the
Windows PC to a VMware Fusion virtual machine.
For details about how to migrate your physical PC to a virtual machine, see
the VMware Fusion Help.
Import an Existing Parallels Desktop or
Microsoft Virtual PC 7.0 Virtual Machine
VMware Fusion makes it easy to import your existing virtual machine to
VMware Fusion.
To import an existing virtual machine to your Mac
1
Start VMware Fusion and select File > Import.
2
Select your virtual machine and click Import.
For more information about importing an existing virtual machine, see the
VMware Fusion Help.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Using Mac Keyboards in a Virtual Machine
PC and Mac keyboards have different layout, so you must press certain key
combinations to enable certain PC commands on a Mac keyboard. See
Table 1. For keys with no keyboard equivalent, VMware Fusion provides the
Send Key item in the Virtual Machine menu. To learn more about keyboard
and mouse options in VMware Fusion, see the VMware Fusion Help.
Table 1. PC and Mac Keyboards
MacBook and
MacBook Pro Built-In
Keyboard
PC Keyboard
Apple External
Keyboard
Print Screen
F14
Select Virtual Machine
> Send Key
Scroll Lock
F15
Select Virtual Machine
> Send Key
Pause/Break
F16
Select Virtual Machine
> Send Key
Backspace
delete
delete
delete
fn+delete
Insert
help (early models)
Select Virtual Machine
> Send Key > help
Num Lock
clear
fn+num lock F6
alt option
alt option
delete
(Forward Delete)
Command
(Windows logo key—between
Ctrl and Alt keys)
Alt
NOTE On the MacBook and MacBook Pro built-in keyboards, the function
keys are not accessible unless you press Fn plus the appropriate Function key.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
Sending the Ctrl-Alt-Delete Command to a
Virtual Machine
You can use a VMware Fusion command to send the Ctrl-Alt-Delete
keystroke combination to a Windows virtual machine. You can send the
command in any of the following ways.

Select Virtual Machine > Send Ctrl-Alt-Del.

If you are using an external PC keyboard, press Ctrl+Alt+Del.

On a full-sized Mac keyboard, press Fwd Del+Ctrl+Option. The Forward
Delete key ( ) is below the Help key.

On a Mac laptop keyboard, press Fn+Ctrl+Option+Delete.
Quit Your Virtual Machine
You can quit using a virtual machine by either suspending it or shutting it
down. Using the Suspend command instead of Shut Down lets you get
back up and running faster.
NOTE Boot Camp virtual machines do not support the suspend and
snapshot features because you can reboot into Windows using Boot Camp,
which would invalidate suspend and snapshots.
To quit a virtual machine
Select a method to quit the virtual machine.

Select Virtual Machine > Suspend to save the current state of your
virtual machine, including all running applications, so you can return to
this state without restarting the operating system in your virtual
machine.

Select Virtual Machine > Shut Down to completely shut down the
operating system and the virtual machine.
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Getting Started with VMware Fusion
VMware Fusion Resources
To learn about available VMware support offerings, registering a product, or
creating a technical support request, see the VMware support portal at
http://www.vmware.com/go/fusionsupport.
You can also find information about using VMware Fusion at the following
self-help sources:

VMware Fusion has a rich, searchable help system available from the
Help menu.

You can find self-paced video tutorials and answers to frequently asked
questions through the VMware support portal at
http://www.vmware.com/go/fusionsupport.

VMware recommends joining the VMware Fusion Community at
http://www.vmware.com/go/fusionforums. The VMware Fusion
Community Forum is where users can exchange information, questions,
and comments with each other to get the most out of VMware Fusion.
Supported Guest Operating Systems
VMware Fusion supports over 150 guest operating systems, including most
versions of Windows, and including Mac OS X Server, Linux, Solaris, and
FreeBSD. For guest operating system support and known issues, go to the
VMware Web site and click the Support & Downloads tab. Under Support
Resources, click the Compatibility Guides link.
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