MARC Newsletter 2007 October (VA3TMB)

MARC Newsletter 2007 October (VA3TMB)
Vol 10.10
October, 2007
From the Gavel…
We are now into
the first week of
October and I
couldn’t help but
notice how nice the
weather has been.
It couldn’t have
been better for the
and ISAR outdoor
events. There were however a number of tell
tale signs that fall had arrived and that winter
is fast approaching. On the way up to the
Halton Railway Museum, I was struck by the
fact that the leaves were already changing
colour and falling off the trees. At home, the
squirrels were out in full force digging up my
front lawn and burying food for winter.
Driving back and forth to my trailer, I could
see how short the days were becoming.
I know a number of the club members were
taking advantage of the weather while it
lasted. Some were either planning or on
camping trips. My friend Mike VE3EQP and I
are going to doing just that. Mike is an avid
ham and amateur astronomer. Right after
Thanksgiving we will be heading up to
Powassan (south of North Bay) to participate
in the annual “Frozen Banana Star Party”. (I
am hoping the weather holds up and the event
doesn’t live up to its’ name). We will be
dragging along a huge telescope and all our
radio equipment. In addition to viewing the
heavens and the stars, we will be trying to
make a few extra-terrestrial contacts. I am
hoping they will count towards my DXCC
award. We couldn’t convince Jodie Foster to
come along, so unfortunately we will have to
make first contact without her.
Like the squirrels, the radio station crew have
been scurrying around putting the finishing
touches on the monster antenna and tower.
Don Guthrie is scheduled to put up the first
phase of the tower and antenna by the end of
the week. We will then spend the following
couple of weeks tuning the antenna and
running rotor and antenna cable to the
shack. Weather permitting, the rest of
the tower and antenna will be raised to
its’ final height prior to the CQ World
Wide SSB contest.
Speaking of which, the CQWW SSB
contest starts the Friday, October 26 at
8:00 pm and runs through to 8pm on
Sunday. It is the Grand Daddy of all
contests and the bands will be jammed
with all sorts of DX. For further details,
see the contest calendar on our website.
There is a link that will take you to the
rules. Let me know if you are interested
in operating and we will fit you in.
Shortly after the CQWW, will be the
Goblin Patrol. We will be looking for
volunteers to be the eyes and hears of
the police on Halloween night in an
effort to keep our young ones safe.
More details to follow over the next two
club meetings.
One more piece of club business before
I sign off. As you probably know by
now, Tom Godden VE3TWG has
stepped down from is position of Field
Day manager. Tom has done an
excellent job running the show for the
past few years and we thank him for his
time and effort. I am looking for a warm
body to take Tom’s place. It need not be
an experience ham, as you will have the
help and support of the club and won’t
be doing it alone. It looks like neither
the Chapel Estates or Camp Toto will
be available for use this year. If you
have any ideas for a field day location
(preferably local) please advise me or
anyone on the exec and we will follow
73 for now … Rick VE3IMG.
This Month
Club Calendar
Signal Hill
Amateur Radio History
The Roving Reporter
Minutes of the exec
meeting Sept. 05, 2007
8. Minutes of the meeting
Sept. 13, 2007
9. Minutes of the meeting
Sept. 27, 2007
10. RAC Application Form
Sunday Brunch
Sunday brunches are held on the
first Sunday of each month.
Time is 9:30AM at Shopsy's,
6986 Financial Drive Unit 5
Mississauga (at the corner of
Mississauga Rd and Derry Rd).
All are welcome to come out and
have an opportunity to chat in an
informal setting.
Club Nets
2 Metre Tuesday Night Phone
Net Join in on the chatter starting
at 8:30PM every Tuesday on the
club repeater. Hosted by various
net controllers. 145.430MHz
Tone 103.5 Minus (-) offset.
Contact our VHF Net Manager,
Lorne (VE3CXT), if interested
in becoming a net controller.
75 Metre Sunday Night Net
Starts at 8:30PM every Sunday.
Hosted by various net
controllers. Contact our HF Net
Manager, Michael (VE3TKI), if
interested in becoming a net
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 2
Commentary... let's see how far we've come
If you listen to the radio at all – the
commercial FM kind, not the real
fun stuff we all know about –
you’ve probably listened to
Matchbox Twenty’s “Let's see how
far we've come” a few times a day.
I’ll refrain from commenting on the controversial
lyrics of that song here. However that got me thinking
of amateur radio and how far we’ve come since
Marconi received that first wireless transmission from
across the Atlantic on December 12, 1901.
Murray VE3JMY writes about his visit to Signal Hill
near St. John’s in Newfoundland, the historic spot
where in 1901 Marconi received the first transatlantic
wireless signal. His article comes with some great
pictures of the place too.
Over the years since 1901, great technological strides
have been made, big setbacks overcome, lots of money
put at stake, great disappointments faced – all these
make interesting reading in the article “Outline of
Amateur Radio history”. The article concludes that
despite all the predictions of the doomsday crowd, we
are still a bunch of hobbyists going strong, evolving
and growing. I could not resist including the research
by Bill Continelli, W2XOY in this issue.
We have indeed come a long way and there are no
signs that we are stopping any time soon. So, let’s
keep rocking!
Thomas VA3TMB
Executive Directors
1st Vice President
2nd Vice President
Past President
Rick Brown, VE3IMG
Asim Zaidi, VE3XAP
William Bressette, VE3WPJ
John (Sr) Lorenc
Dan Goodier, VE3NI
Dave Harford, VA3DFH
Club Managers
Membership Manager
Dave Harford, VA3DFH
Education Manager
Earle Laycock, VE3XEL
Basic Theory Courses
Earle Laycock, VE3XEL
Basic Theory Courses
Bob Hawkins, VE3AGC
Basic Theory Courses
Jody Levine, VE3ION
Basic Theory Courses
Don McPhee, VA3BOW
Basic Theory Courses
Basil Burgess, VE3JEB
Basic Theory Courses
Robert Dutton, VE3ZZF
CW Courses
Frank Lamb, VE3HTX
CW Courses
Earle Laycock, VE3XEL
House / Visitor Host Manager
Robert Humphreys, VE3HOW
Newsletter Editor
Thomas Bernard, VA3TMB
Kim Cheong, VE3KTC
Net Managers HF Net
Michael Brickell, VE3TKI
Lorne Jackson, VE3CXT
Repeater Manager
Michael Brickell, VE3TKI
Bryan Jay, VA3BLJ
Bob Boyer, VE3XBB
Lorne Jackson, VE3CXT
John Duffy, VE3DRZ
Asim Zaidi, VE3XAP
Tony Champion, VA3QC
Robin Stubbs, VE3VVS
William Bressette, VE3WPJ
Club Station Manager
Stefan Bejusca, VA3OBR
Rick Brown, VE3IMG
Asim Zaidi, VE3XAP
Alex Malikov, VE3MA
Bryan Jay, VA3BLJ
Field Day Manager
Assistant – Documentation
Tony Champion, VA3QC
Assistant – Logging
Jody Levine, VE3ION
Assistant – Refreshments
John Duffy, VE3DRZ
Assistant – Site
Thomas Godden, VE3TWG
Assistant - Press and Publications
Reg Vertolli, VA3JQA
FSV Manager
Dave Stubbs, VA3BHF
Sean Conlin, VA3MED
William Bressette, VE3WPJ
Programs Manager
Lorne Jackson, VE3CXT
Webmaster Manager (Source Code and DB)
Dave Harford, VA3DFH
Dan Goodier, VE3NI
Rick Brown, VE3IMG
Graphical Support
Alex Malikov, VE3MA
Legal Consultant
Lorne Jackson, VE3CXT
Public Information & Media Relations Manager
Tony Champion, VA3QC
Reg Vertolli, VA3JQA
Dan Goodier, VE3NI
Audit Committee
Auditors Coordinator
Public Service
ARES Emergency Coordinator
Assistant EC 1
Assistant EC 2
Assistant EC 3
Assistant EC 4
Assistant EC 5
Assistant EC 6
Assistant EC B/U
Assistant EC B/U
Assistant EC B/U
Special Events / Walks Manager
Basil Burgess, VE3JEB
Robert Humphreys, VE3HOW
William Bressette, VE3WPJ
Michael Brickell, VE3TKI
Lorne Jackson, VE3CXT
Bob Boyer, VE3XBB
Dave Stubbs, VA3BHF
John Duffy, VE3DRZ
Dave Harford, VA3DFH
Robin Stubbs, VE3VVS
Robert Giddy, VE3IAB
Peter Mosher, VA3PKM
Bob Boyer, VE3XBB
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
October, 2007
04 Thu Exec Meeting
07 Sun Sunday Brunch - Shopsy's
09 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
11 Thu Club Meeting
14 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
15 Mon Basic Class 4
16 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
18 Thu Basic Class
21 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
22 Mon Basic Class 5
23 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
25 Thu Club Meeting
26 Fri CQ WW DX Contest
28 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
29 Mon Basic Class 6
30 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
November, 2007
01 Thu Exec Meeting
03 Sat ARRL Sweepstakes
04 Sun Sunday Brunch - Shopsy's
04 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
05 Mon Basic Class 7
06 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
08 Thu Club Meeting
10 Sat Basic Class
11 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
12 Mon Basic Class 8
13 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
17 Sat ARRL Sweepstakes
18 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
19 Mon Basic Class 9
20 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
22 Thu Club Meeting
23 Fri CQ WW DX Contest
25 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
26 Mon Basic Class 10
27 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
30 Fri ARRL 160 Meter Contest
December, 2007
02 Sun Sunday Brunch - Shopsy's
02 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
03 Mon Basic Class 11
04 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
06 Thu Exec Meeting
07 Fri ARRL 10 meter Contest
09 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
10 Mon Basic Class 12
11 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
13 Thu Club Meeting - Pot Luck Dinner
16 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
17 Mon Basic Class 13
18 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
23 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
25 Tue VHF/UHF - 2 Meter Net
27 Thu NO MARC Meeting tonight
28 Fri RAC Canada Winter Contest
30 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
Provisional Schedule Below...
January, 2008
03 Thu Exec Meeting
06 Sun HF - 75/80 Meter Net
07 Mon Advanced Class 1
10 Thu Club Meeting
14 Mon Advanced Class 2
21 Mon Advanced Class 3
24 Thu Club Meeting
28 Mon Advanced Class 4
February, 2008
04 Mon Advanced Class 5
07 Thu Exec Meeting
11 Mon Advanced Class 6
14 Thu Club Meeting
18 Mon Advanced Class 7
25 Mon Advanced Class 8
28 Thu Club Meeting
March, 2008
03 Mon Advanced Class 9
06 Thu Exec Meeting
10 Mon Advanced Class 10
13 Thu Club Meeting
17 Mon Advanced Class 11
24 Mon Advanced Class 12
27 Thu Club Meeting
31 Mon Advanced Class 13
April, 2008
03 Thu Exec Meeting
07 Mon Advanced Class 14
10 Thu Club Meeting
24 Thu Club Meeting
Meetings start 7:30PM at St. Thomas A Becket Church Hall, 3535 South Common Court unless otherwise noted.
Brunch is at 9:30AM unless otherwise noted.
Classes are from 7:00PM - 9:00PM at Meals On Wheels at 2445 Dunwin Drive
Visit our website: for any updates of the calendar.
Page 3
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
Signal Hill
By Murray VE3JMY
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 4
The visit to Signal Hill and Cabot Tower was a highlight
of our trip. We also checked out the Marconi exhibit at the
Rooms, a modern downtown St. John's museum.
Signal Hill
In August 2007, my wife, Darlene and I went on a driving
holiday to attend a wedding at St. John's, Newfoundland.
We visited nearby Signal Hill and what follows is
information on Signal Hill and a short account o our visit.
We travelled portable-mobile and enjoyed 2 meter radio
contacts en route. The weather that we encountered over
two weeks on the road was quite similar to ours here in
In addition, we can recommend a visit to Alexander
Graham Bell museum at Baddek, Cape Breton Island,
where we also enjoyed a musical Ceilidh at a small parish
East cost food and hospitality were superb. At
Newfoundland we enjoyed a "kitchen party" and at our
friends' wedding we were welcomed as part of a group of
four mainlanders who were "screeched-in" and enrolled in
the Royal Order of Screechers! For those who don't know
what screeching is all about, you simply have to make the
trip. One tip: you don’t have to kiss the cod on the lips only if the attraction is mutual!
On December 12, 1901, Guglielmo Marconi received the
first transatlantic wireless signal on Signal Hill. The signal
was simply 3 dots, the letter "S" in Morse code. It had
come from Poldhu, England, 3500 KM away. Marconi's
success proved the potential of his wireless system of
communication and ushered in the dawn of modern global
communications. The work created the foundation for
development in radio, radar, microwaves and cellular
As they say over there, drive carefully and beware of the
The Society of Newfoundland Radio Amateurs operates an
amateur radio station, VO1AA at Cabot Tower, near the
site where Marconi received his historic signal. The station
helps to interpret the story of Marconi's achievement to
visitors at the Signal Hill National Historic Site of Canada
and to other radio operators around the world.
Cabot tower was built in 1897 to commemorate the 400
year anniversary of the arrival of explorer John Cabot. In
addition to the Marconi exhibit, Cabot Tower also includes
the Heritage Souvenir and Gift Shop.
The Marconi exhibit included a guest book, a display of
radio tubes, a spark gap transmitter, simulated sound of
what was heard by Marconi, a narrated audio-visual
presentation on Marconi and his team as well as photos of
antennas including those supported by kites.
On visiting information centers along the journey, I tried to
engage and inform the young staffers about ham radio.
Invariably they were unaware of our hobby. I would
receive a semblance of acknowledgement when I gently
reminded them that earlier reports from disaster sight are
often reported by hams. Then I would say that we also use
local repeaters and refer to nearby repeater site at a place
and name they recognised. I was probably the only visitor
to mention the subject!
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
By Bill Continelli, W2XOY
1894-1899--Marconi conducts his wireless experiments in
Europe and sends a message across the English Channel.
First article on building a wireless set appears.
1901-Marconi sends a wireless signal across the Atlantic.
1900-1908-Thousands of Americans experiment with
wireless. Few at this time are interested in it as a hobby
1904-J.A. Fleming develops the 2 element (Diode)
vacuum tube.
1906-Lee deForest develops the 3 element (Triode)
vacuum tube. R.A. Fessenden uses the Alexanderson
Alternator to make the first voice & music transmissions.
1908-A possible beginning of amateur radio. Prior to this
time, interest in wireless had primarily been either as an
experimenter or as an entrepreneur. By 1908, definite
hobby interests exist among users.
1909-The first radio clubs are formed. Spark and the
longwaves (300-6000 meters) are king.
1912-The Titanic disaster points out the need for Wireless
Regulation. The Radio Act of 1912 is passed, which limits
"private stations" (i.e. amateurs) to 200 meters, a "useless"
frequency. The number of "private stations" drops from an
estimated 10,000 to 1200.
1913-Edwin Armstrong develops the regenerative receiver
and also discovers that the "Audion" (Triode) can oscillate.
CW is born.
1914-The ARRL is organized by H.P. Maxim to help relay
messages, given the limited range on 200 meters at that
time. (25 miles).
1914-1917-The number of amateurs increases from 1200
to over 6000. The ARRL has an effective traffic handling
network set up. David Sarnoff, (future head of RCA)
proposes a "Radio Music Box" receiver. deForest (and
some amateurs) make experimental broadcasts. The ARRL
starts a little magazine, called "QST".
1917-The US enters WWI. All amateurs are ordered to
dismantle their transmitters and receivers. With no radio
operations, and 4000 hams in uniform, QST ceases
1918-Major Armstrong develops the superheterodyne
receiver while serving in France. C.W. is used by the
military during the war.
1919-Secretary of the Navy Josephus Daniels tries to get
the Navy a total monopoly on all wireless
communications. The ARRL's "blue card" appeal saves the
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 5
concept of private radio operations. Amateurs get back on
the air in November, 1919.
1919-Woodrow Wilson becomes the first President to
speak over radio when he broadcasts a speech to American
Troops in Europe.
1919-1920-King Spark's last stand, with the success of
CW in the war & the availability of tubes, Spark was
doomed. Some amateurs experiment with broadcasting,
including 8XK (KDKA). The number of hams = 5719.
1920-"Amateur Police Radio" becomes popular. Amateurs
operated as an intersystem police communications service
to relay broadcasts of crimes and stolen vehicles.
1921-The National Amateur Wireless Association
becomes active. It's main success is the broadcast of the
Dempsey-Carpenter fight. Many amateurs helped in this
broadcast, from acting as relay stations to setting up
receivers and loudspeakers in public places.
1921-1922-The Transatlantic tests are a success. Amateurs
discover that frequencies below 200 meters (above 1500
kc) work even better. Amateur Broadcasting ("Citizen
Radio") is popular with up to 1200 amateurs, but is
prohibited in 1922 with the first broadcast regulations
1923-The amateur census is at 14,000. Shortwave
development continues. The MacMillian Arctic Expedition
is the first to carry two way radio; an amateur 200 meter
station. Over the next 10 years, dozens of Arctic and
Antarctic expeditions, including those of Commander
Byrd, used amateur radio as their primary
1924-Amateurs get new bands at 80, 40, 20, and 5 meters.
Spark prohibited on the new bands. Broadcast band
expanded. The ARRL adopted Esperanto as the
international auxiliary language
1925-The International Amateur Radio Union (IARU)
formed. Amateurs finally are successful in working around
the world on shortwave.
1926-Crystal control of transmitters developed. A Federal
Court declared the Radio Act of 1912 to be unenforceable
in regards to broadcasting & the shortwaves. The "Summer
of Anarchy" commences in the broadcast world, but
amateurs stay within their bands.
1927-The Radio Act of 1927 creates the Federal Radio
Commission. The word "amateur" is used for the first time
in a Federal Statute. The International Radiotelegraph
Conference is held in Washington. 70 Nations send
representatives. Amateurs, represented by the ARRL & the
IARU, fight overwhelming odds, keep 160, 80, 40, 20 & 5
meters, gain 10 meters, but lose 37.5% of our overall
frequencies. International callsign prefixes are assigned.
1929-1936-Despite the Depression, Amateur Radio enjoys
it's greatest growth--from 16,829 to 46,850. Low cost
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
components make it possible to build a quality station for
$50. VHF phone operation becomes popular with the
superregenerative receiver (developed by Armstrong) and
the modulated oscillator. Phone operation begins to appear
on some HF bands. But C.W. & crystal control are still
number 1.
1932-The Madrid Conference. No changes to Amateur
1933-1934-The Communications Act of 1934 creates the
Federal Communications Commission. Amateur Licenses
are reorganized into Class A, Class B, and Class C. Major
Edwin Armstrong develops wideband FM.
1936-H.P. Maxim, founder of the ARRL & it's first
President, dies.
1938-The Cairo Conference. Amateurs lose the exclusive
use of 40 meters, now shared with Broadcasters. The FCC
gives us 2 new "UHF" bands, 2 1/2 meters (112 Mc) and 1
1/4 meters (224 Mc).
1939-1940-We are joined in the "UHF" range by two new
users--the first FM Broadcast Band (42-50 Mc) featuring
stations such as W1XPW, W2XMN, and W2XOY; and the
first Television Broadcast Band, above 60 Mc, with
stations such as W2XBS.
1940-1941-With the war raging in Europe, our ability to
have international QSO's is severely limited. When the US
enters the War, all amateur activity is suspended
1942-1945-Except for WERS (the War Emergency Radio
Service) on 2 1/2 meters, no amateur operations take place.
New "UHF" tubes and circuits are developed as a result of
the war.
1945-A major battle develops over postwar frequency
allocations. The ARRL (amateurs), Major Armstrong (FM
Broadcasting), and Brigadier General David Sarnoff
(RCA/NBC Television), all fight over the low end of the
VHF spectrum between 44-108 Mc. At one point, the FCC
submits 3 Alternatives--#1 gives us a 7 meter band (44-48
Mc), #2 our 5 meter band (56-60 Mc), and #3 a 6 meter
band (50-54 Mc). Alternative #3 wins and our 6 meter
band is located between TV Ch 1 (44-50 Mc) and Ch 2
(54-60 Mc). FM is moved (over Armstrong's objections)
from 42-50 to 88-108 Mc. The FCC moves our 2 1/2 meter
band to 144-148 Mc (over the ARRL's objections) because
they want it to be next to government & military
allocations. On November 15, 1945, amateurs are allowed
back on the air--but just on 10 & 2 meters only.
1945-CQ magazine is first published.
1946-The military leaves our HF bands in stages, hams
gradually get their frequencies back, all except for 160
meters, which will be used for the LORAN Radio
navigation system. The FCC creates the Tenth Call District
(using the numeral -0-), and realigns the District
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 6
boundaries. War surplus equipment finds its way into the
ham market.
1947-The Atlantic City Conference--Amateurs lose the top
300 kc of 10 meters (29.7--30), and will lose 14.35--14.4
Mc on 20 meters. But they will gain a new band at 15
meters (21.0--21.45 Mc) in the future. To compensate
hams for their loss, the FCC allows them to use the 11
meter band (26.96--27.23 Mc) on a shared basis with
Industrial, Scientific & Medical devices. TVI is starting to
become a problem--the ARRL determines that Ch 2 is very
vulnerable to TVI & recommends it be eliminated, but the
FCC removes Ch 1 instead. The Transistor is developed by
Bell Labs.
1948-Single Sideband is fully described in the amateur
publications. The FCC creates Class A & Class B CB
radio between 460--470 Mc.
1951-The FCC completely reorganizes the amateur license
system. The Class A, B, & C Licenses are replaced by the
Advanced, General, & Conditional Class respectively.
Three new license classes are created--the Amateur Extra,
Novice & Technician. The Technician Class is created for
experimentation, not communication, and has privileges
only above 220 Mc. Novices are given limited HF CW
subbands, 75 watts, crystal control only. They may also
use phone on 145--147 Mc. It is a 1 year, non renewable
1952-The FCC allows phone operation on 40 meters,
which had been CW only. The 15 meter band is opened.
The Advanced Class is withdrawn from new applicants,
although present holders can continue to renew, and the
"exclusive" 75 & 20 meter phone bands are opened to
Generals & Conditionals. Everyone, Conditional & above,
has the same privileges.
1953-The FCC starts issuing "K" calls to amateurs in the
48 States due to the increased ham population.
1954-Depressed and broke from his patent fights with
RCA over FM, Major Edwin Armstrong commits suicide.
His wife continues the fight, winning the last battle in
1967, when the Supreme Court rules that Armstrong did
indeed invent FM.
1955-Technicians are given 6 meter privileges to help
populate the band & encourage experimentation. The
ARRL & most hams oppose 2 meters for Technicians.
Wayne Greene becomes editor of CQ magazine.
1956-1960-A gradual technical revolution on 2 fronts:
Transistors find their way into the ham shack, first in
power supplies, then audio sections, then receivers and
finally QRP transmitters. But most equipment was still
100% tubes. Also, SSB is catching up on AM in terms of
popularity. By the 1960's, SSB pulls ahead of AM.
1957-Sputnik, the first artificial satellite, is launched by
the USSR. Amateurs copy it's beacon on 20 & 40 Mc.
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
1958-Explorer is launched by the US. Amateurs copy it's
signal on 108 Mc. The ham population is 160,000--3 times
the 1946 total. The FCC has to issue "WA" calls in the 2nd
& 6th call areas, as the "W" & "K" 1x3 prefixes have run
out. Slow Scan TV is first described in QST. In
September, amateurs lose their shared use of 11 meters, as
Class D CB is born.
1959-The Geneva Conference held, no major amateur
changes. Technicians get the middle part of 2 meters (145147 Mc), but not without some controversy over the
purpose of the license. The FCC restates their
"experimental, not communication" policy.
1960-Wayne Greene fired as CQ editor, forms 73
1961-OSCAR I, the first amateur satellite, is launched.
Thousands of Amateurs copy it's 50 mw beacon on 144
Mc sending out ".... .."
1962-CONELRAD is replaced by the Emergency
Broadcast System. Amateurs no longer have to monitor
640 or 1240 kc while operating their stations.
1963-The ARRL, responding to some complaints about
Generals being allowed on 75 & 20 phone, proposes an
"incentive licensing" system. Under the ARRL proposal,
Generals & Conditionals would lose 75, 40, 20 & 15 meter
phone privileges over a 2 year period. The Building Fund,
to construct the ARRL Headquarters at 225 Main St.,
Newington, is in full swing. The amateur population is
over 200,000, but CB licenses now outnumber hams.
1964-A ham in the White House? Barry Goldwater,
K7UGA/K3UIG is the Republican Candidate for
President. (He is defeated). Herbert Hoover dies at the age
of 90. As Secretary of Commerce in the 1920's, and
President of the United States from 1929-1933, his strong
support of amateur radio was invaluable. He lived long
enough to see his son (Herbert Hoover, Jr, W6ZH) elected
President of the ARRL.
1965-The FCC comes out with it's own incentive licensing
proposal. General/Conditional Class operators would lose
50% of the 75-15 meter phone bands. A new "Amateur
First Class License", with a 16 wpm code speed, would be
the stepping stone between the General and the Extra.
Advanced Class amateurs would not be "Grandfathered"
into the "First Class", rather, they would be bumped down
to General upon renewal. OSCAR III & OSCAR IV allow
2 way QSO's via satellite.
1967-The FCC announced the new Incentive Licensing
rules: over the next 2 years, General & Conditional
operators would lose 50% of the 75-15 meter phone bands,
the "First Class" idea was dropped, the Advanced Class
was reopened to new applicants, Extra & Advanced Class
operators get exclusive subbands on 80-15 and 6 meters,
the Novice license term is doubled to two years, but
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 7
Novices lose their 2 meter phone privileges, the FCC
restates the "Technicians are experimenters, not
communicators" policy, and states that the next license
step for Novices is the General, not Technician, class.
1968-The FCC authorizes SSTV in the Advanced/Extra
Class subbands. Generals & Conditionals get SSTV later.
1969-The FCC removes the ability for a Technician to
hold a Novice license at the same time. The ARRL
announces a new policy, they now consider Technicians to
be communicators and petition the FCC to give them full
VHF privileges, a 10 meter segment from 29.5-29.7 Mc,
and Novice CW subbands. "Long Delayed Echoes" appear.
Were they real, or a hoax?
1970-The amateur population is 250,000 but stagnant. The
license fees & Incentive Licensing are blamed.
Meanwhile, 2 meter FM is starting to boom. New
equipment designed for the amateur market joins the
surplus wide band commercial radios which were
converted for use on 146.94. "Mhz" & "khz" replace "Mc"
& "kc". Amateur Radio is dragged into the Vietnam War
protest movement with the "Student Information Net" in
operation on College Campuses nationwide.
1971-The Japanese are starting to dominate the amateur
markets. National, Hammarlund, Hallicrafters and Gonset
were beginning to fade away, but Drake, Ten-Tec,
Heathkit and Collins were still going strong.
1972-A national 2 meter FM band plan was announced,
146.52 was chosen as the national simplex frequency. The
FCC released the first repeater rules, expanded the
Technician 2 meter allocation to 145-148 Mhz, and
relaxed mobile logging requirements.
1974-The Electronics Industry Association proposed a new
"Class E CB" using 2 Mhz of our 220 band. The FCC
proposed a "Dual Ladder" license structure which would
take privileges away from Generals and Technicians
(again) and would create a new code free "Communicator"
license. Both proposals eventually were scrapped. "WR"
prefixes began to appear on repeater callsigns.
1975-1976-A new repeater subband is established at
144.5-145.5 Mhz. Technicians now have 144.5-148 Mhz
on 2 meters, and finally have Novice privileges. Novices
are given a power increase to 250 watts. The "mail order"
Technician license is eliminated--applicants must appear at
a FCC examination site. The Conditional class is
1977-The FCC expands CB radio from 23 to 40 channels.
Hundreds of hams purchase "obsolete" 23 channel CB sets
at fire sale prices and convert them to 10 meters.
1978-Technicians finally get all privileges above 50 Mhz,
and can obtain a RACES Station authorization. The
Novice license is made renewable. The FCC relaxed some
of it's regulations, and instituted a new callsign system
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
using 4 "groups", corresponding to the class of license
held. "WR" repeater callsigns are phased out. The amateur
population stands at 350,000--33% more than in the early
70's. "Packet" radio first appears on the hambands, on an
experimental basis.
1979-The World Administrative Radio Conference, or
WARC-79, takes place in Geneva. The ARRL, IARU &
other groups have been preparing for years. We lose
nothing & gain 3 new bands at 10, 18, & 24 Mhz, which
are phased in over the next 10 years.
1980-Spread Spectrum appears on an experimental basis,
and the FCC authorizes ASCII on the ham bands. Packet is
starting to grow.
1982-The "Goldwater" Bill is passed. It allows the FCC to
set industry standards regarding RFI.
1983-A ham in space!! Owen Garriott, W5LFL, becomes
the first amateur to operate on board a Space Shuttle. He
makes hundreds of QSO's on 2 meters. Another "Code
Free" license idea pops up. Amateurs are overwhelmingly
opposed, & the proposal is dropped.
1984-The 10 year license replaces the 5 year one. The
FCC stopped giving examinations, turning the duty over to
the new Volunteer Examiner Program. The HF phone
bands are expanded. The amateur population is up to
1985-State and local rules which restrict amateur antennas
must now comply with the FCC's new policy, expressed in
PRB-1. The FCC gives itself preeminence in antenna
regulations, and states that local ordinances must provide
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
for "reasonable accommodations" regarding amateur
1987-Novices & Technicians get 10 meter SSB privileges
from 28.3-28.5 Mhz. Novices also get phone operation on
portions of 220 & 1296 Mhz. The Element 3 written exam
is broken into 2 segments--3A (Technician) and 3B
(General). Technicians who passed their exam prior to
March 1987 get permanent credit towards the General
written exam.
1989-Amid growing calls for a code free license, the
ARRL comes out in favor of one. (The ARRL's version
does not include voice privileges on 2 meters).
1990-1991-MARS operations increased as amateurs
became involved in Operation Desert Shield/Storm. As the
war in Kuwait increases, tens of thousands of Americans
discover Shortwave Radio, to get the latest news.
1991-Amateur Radio gets it's first code free license--the
"No Code Technician". "Regular" Technicians are
renamed "Technician Plus". The first all amateur Shuttle,
the "Atlantis", goes into space.
1991-1998-Amateur Radio grows from 500,000 to over
710,000 hams. The ARRL is at its highest membership
ever. Despite the "Doomsday" crowd, amateur radio is
healthier than ever. The Internet hasn't killed us.
Schoolchildren talk with hams in space. Our Public
Service activities are wanted & appreciated. And Amateur
Radio looks forward to the next Millennium, confident that
it will evolve and grow.
Summary Minutes of the Exec meeting September 05, 2007
(The full version of the minutes are posted in the MARC Yahoo Group)
Rick/VE3IMG (Chair), Asim/VE3XAP, Michael/VE3TKI
William/VE3WPJ, Lorne/VE3CXT, John/VE3XJL
Dave/VA3DFH Stephan/VA3OBR, Thomas/VA3TMB
7:35 PM Meeting Called to Order
Item 5 : Outstanding Issues
• Monthly Cash Flow Analysis
• FSV Inventory
Page 8
• Audit
• Feedback on Manager Position Descriptions
Item 3 : Membership
Item 4 : Manager & SIG updates
Item 2 : September Special Events
• The Halton County Radial Railway (HCRR)
Item 1 : Upcoming MARC Programs
Additional Items
9:30 PM
Meeting adjourned
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 9
Summary Minutes of the meeting September 13, 2007
(The full version of the minutes are posted in the MARC Yahoo Group)
Meeting was chaired by Rick VE3IMG
Attendance 33, Visitors 1
7:30 PM
Meeting Called to Order
Ham activity / operating news
Club events
Halton County Radial Railway special event
Vacant manager positions
Web site
8:25 PM Break
8:40 PM 50-50 draw
8:45 PM Guest Speaker Stefan VA3OBR
9:30 PM Meeting adjourned
Summary Minutes of the meeting September 27, 2007
(The full version of the minutes are posted in the MARC Yahoo Group)
Meeting was chaired by Rick VE3IMG
Attendance 30, Visitors 1
7:30 PM
Meeting Called to Order
Ham activity / operating news
Club events
Field day
8:02 PM Break
8:30 PM 50-50 draw
8:35 PM Guest Speaker Murray VE3JMY
8:55 PM Meeting adjourned
A ham operator is operating Field Day alone at a deserted beach. He is taking a little break from the action,
walking around on the beach and notices an antique brass bottle mostly buried in the sand. He digs it out and
discovers it's a genie bottle! He manages to get it open and a genie appears. "Thank you for freeing me, O
Master!" said the grateful genie. "I will grant you any one wish you want." The ham thinks about it and says,
"OK, I got it. I live right now in a restrictive neighborhood. I would like to have a 500 foot tower with all sorts
of antennas, despite the homeowners association." The genie looks worried. "O Master! That's a big order. The
power of these HOAs and their CC&Rs is most powerful! In fact, they are more powerful than even I, O
Master! I would beg you to please choose something else for your wish." The ham says, "OK, let's do this." He
goes over to his ham station and pulls out his log books. "See this entry? This is a contact I once made with
AC6V. I would sure like to get his QSL card after all this time." The genie looks at the logbook. Then he says,
"Now regarding that 500 foot antenna tower, do you want it galvanized or stainless steel?"
The Communicator
Newsletter of the Mississauga Amateur Radio Club
Vol 10.10, October, 2007
Page 10
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