MAIN CANOPY OWNER’S GUIDE

MAIN CANOPY OWNER’S GUIDE
MAIN CANOPY
OWNER’S GUIDE
BasiK Air Concept
559 chemin des Salles - 83300 Draguignan - France
tel: +33 (0)494 99 12 36 - [email protected]
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1
BasiK Air Concept Sarl - France
Overview
BasiK Air Concept thanks you for choosing one canopy from our
range.
We hope this canopy will bring you full satisfaction.
This guide is not intended to teach you how to pack a main canopy.
Its sole purpose is to show you the method which seems to be the most adapted to our canopyrange.
This guide applies to all main canopies manufactured by Basik Air Concept.
We stay at your disposal for any further information.
Thank you again for choosing Basik Air Concept as your canopy provider.
BasiK Air Concept
.................................................
Size
Serial #
Date of
manufacture
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Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 1
Seek assistance of a certified rigger if you feel you cannot perform the following steps correctly. This rigger or yourself must follow precisely the following steps in order to perform a
correct and safe assembly of your canopy on your harness/container.
Your
range canopy is delivered with lines ready to be mounted on your soft links, and each
group of lines and both steering lines are installed on a dedicated plastic sheet. Soft links are
delivered separately. To avoid any misrouting, you must route each soft lik through each
corresponding line before disconnecting the lines from the plastic sheet.
At this stage mount the soft links on your risers making sure to respect each left and right front
groups and left and right rear groups. As soon as assembly is done, check if lines routing is correct and if each line is at the right place inside each group. Do not forget to have each steering line going through the right slider grommet. Left rear grommet for the left steering line and
right rear grommet for the right steering line.
Assembly of steering lines to your toggles is up to your harness/container brand. So, report to
your owner’s guide for such instructions.
To proceed correctly, report to your harness/container owner’s guide and follow the following
steps.
You will find three marks on the lower steering lines (under the brake loop):
- Higher mark is a short setting and canopy will react quickly (short).
- Medium mark is a neutral setting and give a bit of delay before reacting (neutral).
- Lower mark is a long setting and give a delay before reacting (long).
Make sure to choose the right setting according to your needs and
technical level of flight. We are recommanding you to start with the neutral setting for the first
jumps and to adjust later a more appropriate toggle setting, once you have understood how the
canopy is flying. To do so, start making a knot. Once you have set the right length, proceed to a
finger trapping secured by a bartack seam.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 2
Canopy assembly on risers
You must proceed to the mounting of the soft links on the risers by following the steps
described on the pictures below. No other brand of soft link is allowed for use with Basik Air
Concept canopies.
Basik Air Concept used two types of soft links:
For reserve and Tandem canopies they are identified by a “R” on the tag sewn on the links.
For main canopies they are identified by a “P” on the tag sewn on the links.
To assemble the risers on you harness/container, please report to you harness/container
owner‘s guide.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 3
Packing
As soon as you start picking up your canopy after landing, you should already start organizing the
packing. It is important to avoid to drag lines and canopy, main bag and briddle and pilot chute
on the ground.
To do so, you must: be facing the canopy, walk toward it and pick up the lines like a lasso until
having the slider against the canopy.
Before starting packing, it is important to check if lines are not misrouting or twisted. To check
this, you must have your risers and steering lines between your fingers and your hands holdings
line groups as shown on the picture below. In case of crossing or twist, you must route the lines
properly before going further. If you feel unable to do it, seek assistance of a qualified person.
Your slider must look like shown on the below left picture. To set it back to is normal
position, you must insert the drawstring stops into the channels. This is accomplished by
extending the drawstring slightly farther, and tucking the drawstring stop into the fabric
channel. Grasp and pull the fabric channel from opposite ends, extending the slider to its full
length and reseating the pull tab in the channel.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 4
Now put down the harness/container on the floor by taking care of:
- having the container-side up,
- having both main risers symetrical.
At this point, go toward the canopy and free it from main pilote chute, bag and briddle.
Look at the trailing edge and go to the steering lines. Take each of them between your fingers
and untwist them by rolling the line between your fingers down to the toggles.
Set half brakes on by following your harness/container owner’s guide.
For an Advance container type “In” and/or “Out”: please follow instructions into your owner’s
guide too. Pictures below are showing all these Advance types steps.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 5
As soon as brakes are on, setting of your harness/containershould look like the picture below.
Use your hands to split each line group and steering lines as shown on the picture below. Then,
go toward the canopy by pushing the slider up at the same time. Move all lines groups and steering lines up on one of your shoulder, and start to pull each cell out (7 or 9).
Take all cells in one hand and flake the entire nose. Start by one side and clean each lines group
A-B-C- by stowing material.
Do the same for the other side and set the slider in a cross position right in the middle.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 6
When finished, your canopy should look like on the left picture.
Clear stabilizers when moving toward the trailing edge. Make sure none of the lines are wrapped
around a slider stop on a stabilizer.
Fold all material between each steering line. All steering lines, related material and D lines group
must stay set in the tail center.
Reach down and pick up the very middle point of the trailing edge (where warning panel is sewn).
Raise the tail a couple of inches above the slider and hold it in place. Take both tail pieces (left
and right) in one hand, and roll them together in to the middle (no more than 8 turns) by keeping tension down. Start these rolls by the lower parts of the tail. Do not roll them too much, this
will not help slow down the opening but will bring back the steering lines toward the nose of the
canopy. By doing so, you can create a line over configuration and have your canopy damaged.
At this point, your canopy must look like a roll. Swing it out slightly so that the lines stay taut
and gently lay it on the floor. Beware to maintain tension on lines.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 7
Have your main bag ready. Kill-line users must untwist the line and the briddle connected to the
bag; these 2 items must be parallel.
Pull the kill-line briddle to reduce the lack of the inner line into the bag.
Lay on the canopy, taking care not to slack the lines and not to let the slider
moove out of the rolled canopy.
Make a first fold of the same depth as your main bag and maintain the canopy rolled shape with
your knees.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 8
S-fold over the remaining of the canopy, making sure to keep it tight.
Slide the main bag under the folded canopy and insert each corner of the folded canopy into it.
Make sure that the bag is symmetrically filled, then lock the bag with the first two line bands.
Refer to your harness/container owner’s guide to verify the main bag closing sequence order.
Finish the lines stowage by keeping tension on them. Length of lines after the band must not
exceed 5 cm. Check that lines are not crossing each other.
Kill-line users must, at this point, verify that the inner line is pulled until the colored line can be
seen in the bridle window.
At this stage, refer to your harness/container owner’s guide for further packing and assembly
instructions.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 9
Collapsible Slider Post-deployment Procedure
After deploying pour parachute, check the canopy and surrounding airspace. Locate the 2 pull
tabs at the rear of the slider.
Grasp both tabs and pull down and back with a quick movement to the drawstring’s full length.
This will allow the drawstrings stops to lock the slider in the collapsed position.
Release the tabs and fly normally. The slider will remain collapsed.
This procedure can be done before or after removing the half brakes, up to your habit.
You can put the slider down through your risers if you like. We do not recommand to put the
slider behind your head because it could become a problem should you perform a breakaway
before landing.
Explanations on Hard Openings
Hard openings may come from different factors:
- Packing
- Slider setting
- Bagging the canopy
- Line stow and bands quality
- Main pilot chute
- Opening body position
- Deployment speed
1 - Packing
Follow the canopy manufacturer's packing guidelines. An asymmetrical packing with lines
crossing material and/or lines not taut are a hard opening cause.
2 - Slider setting
The exact position of the slider inside the pack job greatly influences the opening speed of the
canopy. It is important that the slider be all the way up the lines, with each and every slider
grommets seated against the slider stops. There should be no twists in the lines
above the slider, since they would tend to push the slider down the lines prematurely.
3 - Bagging the canopy
The correct canopy folding and slider position must be maintained while putting the canopy in
the bag. If it goes into the bag disorganized, it will likely come out disorganized and open hard.
You must take time to learn how to put clearly the canopy into the bag. If it is asymmetrical, the
main bag could goe up turning and create line twists as well.
4 - Line stow and bands quality
Lines must be released one stow at a time. When the pilot chute pulls the bag it rapidly
decelerates the bag. If the lines are not stowed securely to the bag they can all slip out at once.
This is what we call “line dump”; this can lead to a very dangerous out of sequence opening. If
the canopy is released from the bag and start opening before it has reached line stretch, opening will be hard. Canopy will start filling with air almost instantly while canopy and lines go everywhere.This scenario can damage canopy, lines, risers and really cause serious injuries. So check
for quality band retainers and switch them often.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 10
5 - Main pilot chute
The pilot chute has big influence on canopy deployment. The size, type of fabric, length of bridle, apex length, mesch size, and aerodynamic shape all afect the deployment of the parachute.
We are not going to speak about all of these aspects, parachute manufacturers know what kind
of pilot chute must be used. You just have to check the following:
Pilot chute must be replaced every 250 jumps if made of F-111 fabric.
Pilot chute must be replaced every 450 jumps if made of zero-porosity fabric.
Pilot chutes made of ZOP fabric tend to provoque bad openings because of their slipering capability when released. Inner kill-line retract jump after jump because of the heat friction when
activating. Jump after jump the pilot chute will collapse because of this retraction and the pilote
chute will loose efficiency. This line must be replaced every 250 jumps.
6 - Opening body position
Too many think they are stable on opening just because they are in a belly bell position. Many
are not aware that they are moving in different directions because of a slight tilt. What’s more,
when you are watching your pilot chute after releasing it, your shoulders are not parallel
anymore. This pitch difference between both shoulders can be up to 40 cm; this difference is
reported to your risers and your lines as well, leaving little chance for an on-heading opening. It
is also important to be relax into your harness during deployment to avoid any asymmetric opening. Last thing, any action on risers can create turns on opening.
7 - Deployment speed
Our canopies are made to be used at a maximum velocity based on a belly bell position plus 15%.
If you open at a higher speed, you might experience a severe hard opening.
We hope that these explanations will help you understand some of the reasons which may cause
hard and bad openings.
Maintenance and Repairs
Only an experienced and certified rigger can repair our canopies. Material and toolings used for
such repairs must be the same as original material and toolings used for manufacturing. Heavy
repairs like replacing a load bearing cell must be done only in our factory unless an agreement
has been given to a repairing facility.
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 11
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 12
89ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
2,426
15,64ft / 4,77m
5,97ft / 1,821m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
65 kg/144 lbs
40 kg/89 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
235
1,43
0,88
Equivalence size
Shape
Number of cells
Number of loading ribs
Number of divider ribs
Material
Construction
Aspect ratio
Span cm
Chord cm
Suspension lines (725UN)
Steering lines (1000 UN)
Lower steering lines (1000 UN)
Maximum certified air speed deployment kts
Maximum recommanded suspended weight kg
Minimum suspended weight kg
Maximum altitude opening meters
Volume cu inch
Maximum wing loading
Minimum wing loading
X-FLY 9
100,81ft²
Commercial name
Top skin surface
Performance canopies X-FLY
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
1: 2,362
16,594 ft / 5,058 m
4,59 ft / 1,4 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
73 kg/162 lbs
50 kg/111 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
265
1,39
0,95
107ft²
X-FLY 11
116,57 ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
1: 2,341
17,716 ft / 5,400 m
6,95 ft / 2,118 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
82 kg/181 lbs
55 kg/122 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
280
1,35
0,91
120ft²
X-FLY 13
134,05 ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
1: 2,382
19,02 ft / 5,799 m
7,38 ft / 2,25 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
92 kg/204 lbs
60 kg/133 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
325
1,34
0,88
135ft²
X-FLY 15
151,82 ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
1: 2,380
19,783 ft / 6,030 m
7,67 ft / 2,339 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
102 kg/226 lbs
65 kg/144 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
360
1,37
0,88
150ft²
X-FLY 16
164,43 ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
PN 4
Dans le droit-fil
1 : 2,372
21,14 ft / 6,444 m
8,18 ft / 2,494 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
Limitation harnais
115 kg/254 lbs
70 kg/155 lbs
7000 M / 22965 Ft
375
1,35
0,82
170ft²
X-FLY 18
188,44 ft²
Edition n°1 - April 2005 - revision 1 - Page 13
Steering lines lenght cm
Shape
Number of cells
Number of loading ribs
Number of divider ribs
Material
Construction
Aspect ratio
Span cm
Chord - Ft / m - (center cell)
Chord - Ft / m - (external cell)
Suspension lines (725UN)
Steering lines (1000 UN)
Lower steering lines (1000 UN)
Maximum deployment speed kts
Maximum recommanded suspended weight kg
Minimum suspended weight kg
Maximum altitude opening meters
Volume cu inch
Weight lbs/kg
Maximum wing loading
Minimum wing loading
Descent rate brakes set on m/s
Average descent rate full flight m/s
Airspeed rate brakes set on m/s
Average airspeed rate full flight m/s
A lines lenght cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
B lines lenght cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
C lines lenght cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
D lines lenght cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
AB trim cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
CD trim cm - CL04 / 03 / 02 / 01
Top skin surface
Intermediate canopies X-Fun
170
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
OLWFC17/LCN0065
droit fil
2,108
19,48ft / 5,94 m
8,24ft / 2,514 m
7,12ft / 2,172 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
150 Kt
95 kg/210 lbs
45 kg/100 lbs
7000 m
396
2,800Kg
1,17
0,56
3,9
7,8
9,89
14,3
340/340/340/340
347/347/346,5/346
365/365/362/360
388/387/384/379,5
224,5/224,5/223,5/223,5
265,5/264,5/261,5/257
419
16,7m²/180ft²
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
OLWFC17/LCN0065
droit fil
2,344
23,82 ft / 7,26 m
9,088 ft / 2,77 m
7,97 ft / 2,43 m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
150 Kt
120 kg/265 lbs
50 kg/110 lbs
7000 m
491
3,700 KG
1,22
0,50
2,91
6,04
8,95
13,65
383/383/383/383
389/389/387,5/387,5
407/405/404/403
434/433/428/424,5
251,5/251,5/250,5/250,5
296,5/295,5/291,5/287
453
Semi elliptique
9
10
9
OLWFC17/LCN0065
droit fil
2,226
21,67ft / 6,6 m
8,68ft / 2,64m
7,55ft / 2,30m
Spectra 725-T
Spectra 1000-T
Spectra 1000-T
150 Kt
110 kg/243 lbs
50 kg/110 lbs
7000 m
462
3,300KG
1,15
0,52
3,08
6,36
9,44
13,89
361/361/361/361
368/368/367/367
386/385/383/382
411/410/406/402
238/238/237/237
281/280/276/272
436
210
20,3 m²/ 218,51 Ft²
190
19,6 M² / 211,4 Ft²
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