2013 4 Vol.

2013 4 Vol.
2013 Vol. 4
azbil Group PR magazine
Nippon Kodoshi Corporation
Feature
Sonic Landscape in Japan
SHODO
Yamatake Memorial opened to present the history
of Azbil Corporation, including the founder’s
aspiration, past products, and future activities
Eiji Happo
【 Shu, Shu 】
〜しゅっ、
しゅっ
(the eight basic strokes)
The Eiji Happo is a phrase that means that the eight most frequently used strokes in shodo are contained
in the letter “ .” With the letter “ ,” you can practice and learn how to move a fude effectively in shodo.
Shodo (the way of writing), in which you
write letters on washi (Japanese paper) with a
fude (brush) dipped in bokuju (liquid ink),
is something like calligraphy. The writer
maintains good posture, moves the brush
slowly on a sheet of Japanese paper, and
carefully writes each stroke. The end of a stroke
is not completed simply by stopping the brush.
SHODO
There is a variety of ways to use the brush
to end a stroke such as “hane,” in which
the direction of the stroke is sharply turned,
and “harai,” in which the line is made
thinner toward its end by bringing the brush
up. At that time, when the brush moves
lightly on the paper, a soft rustling sound is
e m i t t e d , w h i c h i s e x p re s s e d b y t h e
onomatopoeia “shu, shu” in Japanese. The
more advanced and experienced in shodo
one becomes, the more beautiful his/her
movements become, and his/her act of
writing itself is artistic.
Soku ... dot
Roku ... horizontal stroke
Do (pronounced doh) ... vertical stroke
Teki
... flick from a horizontal or vertical stroke
Saku ... flick stroke toward upper right
Ryaku... pullout stroke toward lower left
Taku ... short pullout stroke
Taku ... pullout stroke toward lower right
and are pronounced the same, but the kanji characters are different.
Concentrate your mind and move the brush on the sheet.
Typical fonts used in shodo
Shodo that has taken root
in the Japanese culture
Shodo is an art originated in China and is
used to express the beauty of letters. It is
said that the history of Japanese shodo
dates back to the time before Christ when
kanji characters came over from China.
Japanese shodo rapidly developed in the
mid 6th century when Buddhism was introduced, and shakyo, or transcribing of Buddhist sutras, was widely practiced. Chinese
shodo was positively imitated in order to
absorb the advanced Chinese culture until
the end of the 9th century. When the sending of missions from Japan to China was
stopped, however, shodo as the original
culture of Japan started developing. Kana
characters were created based on kanji
characters and used together with kanji.
While the Chinese-style shodo was called
karayo and spread, the Japanese-style
shodo, or wayo, shodo, emerged. Since
then, shodo has been divided into karayo
shodo and wayo shodo and each developed in its own way. The hiragana characters, created from the extreme cursive
Kaisho
Gyosho
Sosho
(Standard style)
(semi-cursive style)
(cursive style)
Kaisho is the st yle in
which each of the dots
and lines are separate
and the framework of the
character is solid. This is
the most basic form of a
kanji character.
The dots and lines are
partially connected and
the framework of the character is somewhat collapsed. If you know how
to read the character in
kaisho, you can read the
character in gyosho.
This is the form in which
the strokes are considerably omitted. You cannot
read or write the character unless you learn
the omitted form of each
character.
public set up all over Japan. Thus, Japan at
that time achieved the world’s highest rate
of literacy. On the other hand, with the arrival of the modern age, the study of classics
became popular and karayo shodo predominated.
Kaisho (standard style) has been made
the standard style in school education.
form of kanji, are uniquely curvy. Therefore, in wayo shodo, even the kanji has
become somewhat curvy.
While karayo shodo spread exclusively
among the intellectual class such as the
kangaku (Chinese studies) and jugaku
(Confucianism) scholars, wayo shodo
spread widely among court nobles, warriors, and ordinary citizens. In the Edo Era
(1603 - 1868), wayo shodo was taught in
the educational facilities for the general
Tools used in shodo
Fude (brush)
Umi (ocean)
Suzuri
A tool with a cluster of hair attached to the tip of the stem (thin
stick made of bamboo tube, etc.)
(ink stone)
Oka (hill)
Sumi (ink stick)
Soot compressed with nikawa (animal glue)
Sumi (ink stick)
Suzuri (ink stone)
Fude
(brush)
A suzuri is made of stone, tile, etc. and used to grind sumi with water.
Washi (Japanese paper)
The paper is made in Japan from mitsumata (Edgeworthia
chrysantha), kozo (Broussonetia papyrifera), asa (Cannabis),
naturally-grown gampi (Diplomorpha sikokiana), etc.
(All the photos show the same character “Ryu,” meaning a dragon.)
Shitajiki
(pad)
Washi
(Japanese paper)
Nikawa is an organic protein made by heating animal skin, bone, etc. with water.
Even now, elementary school third graders
weekly take a class in shodo and practice
writing kanji in the kaisho style.
Grind the ink stick on the ink
stone and quiet your mind
A suzuri (ink stone), sumi (ink stick), fude
(brush), and washi (Japanese paper) are required to perform shodo and they are collectively called the Four Treasures of Calligraphy. The first procedure is to pour water in the
ink stone and grind the ink stick to make liquid
ink. Shodo starts with this procedure, during
which time you quiet your mind. The side of
the ink stone that is deeper where the liquid
ink stands is called the “ocean,” while the
shallower side is called the “hill”. When a sufficient amount of liquid ink is prepared, dip the
brush in the liquid ink standing in the ocean.
Then, tidy up the shape of the tip of the brush
on the hill section, while adjusting the volume
of the ink held in the brush. Then, write letters
on a sheet of Japanese paper. In shodo, rewriting is not allowed. Concentrate, be focused and move the brush on the paper. You
will feel your mind settle down as you move
the brush and bask in the simple beauty generated by the contrast of black and white.
About four million people are said to enjoy
shodo in Japan today. The shodo population
has been on the increase in recent years after a long continuous decrease. This is because an increasing number of people who
learned shodo while they were children and
are now in their senior years are trying to relearn it. Spending time slowly grinding the ink
stick and calmly facing the white paper is
once again recognized as valuable in our
modern high-tech society.
Bunchin
(paper weight)
2
2013 Vol. 4
2013 Vol. 4 3
Nippon Kodoshi Corporation
( Photo 2) The CCR from which
the operators can monitor the
inside of the plant while checking the control process with
the DCS. The geometry of the
desk has been designed with
consideration given to human
characteristics and operability.
erators can move smoothly, control the entire plant easily, and notice any changes in
the plant sooner.
Mr. Odagiri said: “The computer graphics
gave us a clear image of the CCR. The
computer graphics image was very useful
for making improvements in CCR design
and also extremely helpful for obtaining approval from the management.”
Access to information integrates
the CCR with the plant floor
Nippon Kodoshi Corporation has 70% of the global market for separators for electrolytic capacitors. When building a new plant in Yonago, Tottori Prefecture with a business continuity plan
(BCP) in mind, the company designed and constructed a central control room(CCR) aimed at making monitoring and control of the plant floor more efficient. The application of the concept of
“increasing the level of situation awareness” has produced dramatic effects in detail.
Aiming at higher efficiency by designing the space and information
of the CCR
Nippon Kodoshi Corporation manufactures
the separators (insulating paper) 1 for electrolytic capacitors, which are essential electronic components for electronic products
such as automobiles, computers, and home
electric appliances. Due to the rapidly increasing demand for lithium-ion batteries
mainly in hybrid cars and solar and wind
generation, Nippon Kodoshi has come to
play an important role in the environmental
and energy fields.
The company’s plants are located in Kochi
Prefecture. It has been anticipated in recent
years that a great earthquake accompanied
by a tsunami may cause damage throughout the prefecture. Should a disastrous
earthquake occur, the company’s product
supply will be shut off, which will have a
great influence on the global separator market. From the perspective of BCP, the company decided to construct a new plant in
Yonago, Tottori Prefecture. Yonago was selected because, in spite of its easy access
4
2013 Vol. 4
from Kochi, the probability of an earthquake
and tsunami affecting Kochi and Yonago at
the same time is very low.
Mr. Yamamura said: “Taking the opportunity of constructing a new plant, we decided
to push forward a production innovation
plan that had been carried out by the existing plants. At first, it would be essential to
review the design of the CCR aiming to ensure higher efficiency for monitoring and
controlling the plant floor.”
Presenting the optimum operating
environment design in computer
graphics with the viewpoint of operators in mind
Nippon Kodoshi decided to use Azbil’s consulting service for CCR design and to work
on the establishment of a “mechanism to
enhance the level of situation awareness”
proposed by Azbil, which enables operators to rapidly detect a plant upset, diagnose a potential abnormal situation, and
( Photo 1 ) Computer-generated image used during a discussion. The image represents a more realistic instrument
panel room than a two-dimensional drawing does.
also make decisions and perform corrective action.
Mr. Ojima said: “Azbil Corporation has
been extremely reliable because of its long
proven track record and experience in our
Kochi plants and plant floor. We expected
that Azbil would design the optimum operating environment for our new plant.”
When the CCR design was started in the
spring of 2011, Azbil used a computer
graphic representation method for sharing
the design concept of the new CCR. Azbil
not only provided a two-dimensional, bird’seye view design drawing but also demonstrated how and what the operators in the
CCR see from their viewpoint and what they
can notice (see Photo 1). Both companies
members considered the ideal working environment and monitor layout so that the op-
The plant test operation began in June
2012, and the manufacturing facilities and
CCR in the Yonago Plant went into full-scale
operation at the end of October 2012. After
the start of operation, various design measures taken under the concept of “increasing the level of situation awareness” have
improved operation efficiency.
Specifically, a wide glass window was installed so that an operator can see the
whole plant from the CCR. Also, by stacking
the surveillance/control monitors one upon
another without blocking the view, an operator can manipulate the distributed control
system (DCS) 2 while observing the plant
floor with his own eyes.
Azbil made meticulous arrangements with
each operator about the angle of the monitors and the height and size of the chairs
and other office supplies and fixtures,
which greatly enhanced operability. The
plant floor status, information from the
DCS, and communication among operators
in the CCR were also integrated into one
place. These improvements enable the operators to rapidly make the most appropriate decision and judgment and take accurate corrective action (see Photo 2).
Mr. Komatsu said: “In the existing plants,
two or more monitors were arranged in a
row. Since an operator called up operational graphics and trend graphs one by
one on the screen, the difference in experience and capability among operators
caused inconsistency in monitoring or operation. In the new plant, a wide monitor
provides a window set function, which can
display a set of operational graphics and
trend graphs corresponding to the situation and provide accurate information, regardless of the operator. Using the window set function reduces the number of
strokes (the operations to call up the
graphics and graphs to the screen) than
before. Also, the operation time to get to
the requested information is shortened,
then the speed of decision making is improved. Moreover, some design ideas
such as coloration on each screen and
how to present measurements were implemented so that an operator can easily
notice any deviation from the normal control values. These design ideas help an
operator to make proper and quick judgment based on accurate information.”
Mr. Nakada said: “The CCR was designed considering actual operation and
the traffic line so that the operators can
work without feeling any stress. The DCS
operation desk with enough leg space is
another key factor contributing to improved operability.”
Nippon Kodoshi expects that benefits from
higher monitoring and control efficiency
achieved at the Yonago Plant will contribute
to not only reducing operators’ workload
and improving production efficiency and
quality but also creating a “work place for
acting innovatively” where ingenious ideas
for the future are born.
Mr. Ojima said: “We are hoping to create
an operating environment where an operator not only promptly responds to what is
happening on the plant floor but also notices any signs of problems at an early stage.”
Mr. Yamamura said: “I expect Azbil to
continually provide strong support, from efficiency improvement on the plant floor by
maintaining field instruments and systems
to a proposal of a future vision.”
Nippon Kodoshi Corporation
Yonago Plant
Location
220-1 Nihongi, Yonago, Tottori Prefecture
Business scope
Manufacture and sale of the separators for capacitors such as aluminum electrolytic capacitors
and conductive polymer solid capacitors; the
separators for batteries such as alkaline batteries, lithium-ion batteries, and nickel hydride batteries.
Mr. Yasuo Yamamura
Director
General Manager Production Division
Yonago Plant Manager
Mr. Hitoshi Ojima
General Manager
Production Department
Mr. Masaki Odagiri
Manager
Production Technical Section
Production Department
Mr. Jun Komatsu
Supervisor
Production Technical Section
Production Department
Mr. Yukiharu Nakada
Production Technical Section
Production Department
glossary
1sSeparator (Insulating paper)
Ultrasmall, extremely thin paper component used to separate the anode (+) from the cathode (-) of the capacitor or
battery and regulate the electric current.
2sDCS (Distributed control system)
A system that monitors and controls the manufacturing
process or production facilities in plants and factories. To
achieve even distribution of load, the DCS distributes the
functions of each device over a network, resulting in safety
and excellent maintainability.
2013 Vol. 4 5
1 After its foundation, Yamatake Shokai Co.,
Ltd. transformed from a trading company to
a manufacturing company, as its product
lin e cha nge d fro m ma c hin e to ols to
industrial instruments.
12
vol.
Yamatake Memorial opened to present the history of Azbil Corporation, including the founder’s
aspiration, past products, and future activities
Azbil Corporation opened the Yamatake Memorial on the premises of its Fujisawa Technology Center
in Fujisawa, Kanagawa, in January 2013 to exhibit the history and past products of Azbil from its
foundation in 1906 to the present day. The Yamatake Memorial presents the changes in automation
(automatic control) in Japan and the history and achievements of Azbil that has led the automation
field in Japan for more than 100 years and contributed to people’s daily lives. The memorial was
established as a place to introduce the azbil Group’s activities and philosophy to many stakeholders.
Exhibition space to present Azbil’s
achievements of more than 100 years
since its foundation
A
zbil marked its 100th anniversary
in 2006 when it formulated a new
group philosophy, “human-centered automation,” and created a group
symbol, “azbil,” to represent this philosophy. In April 2012, “Yamatake,” the corporate name since its foundation in
1906, was changed to Azbil Corporation
for a fresh start. On that occasion, an inhouse project was started so that the
name “Yamatake” would prevail and its
spirit would be handed down. This became the project to open the “Yamatake
Memorial” to present the major events
and achievements throughout the more
than 100-year history of Azbil, with the
spirit of “
(Onkochishin),” a
proverb that means “Visiting the old,
learning the new.”
Azbil published “100 Years of Yamatake” on the occasion of its 100 th
anniversary. The completed book was
distributed to customers for a better
understanding of Azbil. The Yamatake
Memorial, on the other hand, is positioned as a place for customers, partners, investors, and students to learn
about the history of automation (automatic control) in Japan and the
achievements of Azbil that has contrib6
2013 Vol. 4
This exhibits the history of building automation. The products shown, which supported modern buildings and were used in skyscrapers
and buildings that operate around the clock, are displayed along side the SAVIC2000, our main product in the latter half of the 1980’s.
uted to people’s daily lives through automation of Japanese industries and
buildings.
The Yamatake Memorial project was
started by those who were involved in
the compilation of “100 Years of Yamatake” and key persons thoroughly familiar with the company’s history. Also
around this time it was decided to build a
new model house for conducting experiments of the company’s Kikubari residential central air-conditioning system in
a different location on the premises of
the Fujisawa Technology Center. There-
fore, the old model house was renovated
for use as the Yamatake Memorial. The
project members considered and discussed the layout of the exhibition rooms
and the contents of the exhibits.
Exhibition rooms where visitors can follow
and learn the history of industrial and
building automation in chronological order
T
he Yamatake Memorial was
opened on January 17, 2013. It
has 8 exhibition rooms covering
a total floor area of 200 square meters
(2,153 square feet). Each room fea-
1
2
3
4
2 The company produced electric cookedrice containers and foot warmers for home
use to protect the jobs of employees, and
successfully overcame the difficult time
after World War II when jobs were scarce.
3 The section for industrial automation
features the change from pneumatic to
el e c t ri c a n d f r o m a n a l o g t o d igit a l
instrumentation, and the development of
distributed control systems. The
TDCS2000 plant control system is on
display.
4 T his sectio n explains A zbil’s future
activities of building a new world with
customers by combining the know-how and
technologies of the BA , A A , and L A
businesses. Digital tools are made available
for easy understanding of the exhibit
contents.
tures the products that played a major
role in their time together with explanatory panels. By following the specified route in the memorial, visitors will
learn the history of Azbil that has developed its philosophy from “Freeing
people from drudgery” to “Savemation,” and further to “human-centered
automation,” along with the history of
industrial and building automation.
The first exhibition room on the route
is for the exhibits regarding the founder, Takehiko Yamaguchi. When he
graduated from the Tokyo School of
Mechanics (Tokyo Institute of Technology at present), he became acquainted
with Korekiyo Takahashi who later became the Japanese Prime Minister. On
referral from Korekiyo Takahashi,
Takehiko received support from Zenjiro
Yasuda, the founder of Yasuda Conglomerate, and visited factories in Europe and the U.S. to learn the technologies of advanced countries. After his
return to Japan, he founded Yamatake
Shokai Co., Ltd., the roots of Azbil, in
1906 to realize his dream of becoming
a successful entrepreneur. The episode of how Takehiko imported machine tools from Europe when he started the business is presented in this
room together with the passport he
used to go abroad.
Following the route further, you will
see a series of exhibits of the time
when Azbil transformed from a trading
company of machine tools and other
instruments to a domestic manufac-
turer, the time when the company
started anew in the difficult period after the Pacific War, and then grew into
a comprehensive automation manufacturer in the industrial and building
fields, benefiting from the rapid growth
of the Japanese economy and based
on the alliance and collaboration with
Honeywell Inc. (Honeywell International Inc. at present). The route continues further on to the recent years
when Azbil expanded to the Life Automation field and strengthened global
operations, and eventually to the company’s future activities.
The group of products, exhibited in
the order of the above history, include
industrial instruments made before
the Pacific War, an electric cookedrice container and electric foot warmer manufactured right after the war,
various analog panel instruments
popularly used during Japan’s higheconomic-growth period; as well as
the TDCS2000, a plant control system,
the EOS enhanced operator station,
and the SAVIC2000, a building air-conditioner control system, which came
after the start of the digital age. This
assembly of valuable materials enables visitors to learn the history of
Building Automation (BA), Advanced
Automation (AA), and Life Automation
(LA) with reality.
Azbil will make use of its solid technological capabilities, backed by its achievements throughout its history of more than
100 years, for future business development
T
hus, the Yamatake Memorial
hopes to make the “azbil” brand
known to many stakeholders by
presenting the achievements that have
supported each industry from the past to
the present and the activities of the azbil
Group for the future, under the keyword of
automation. For customers who are already using azbil products and services in
the respective areas of the BA, AA, and
LA businesses, the memorial helps them
to understand that the azbil Group is capable of providing comprehensive solutions on a one-stop shop basis and across
businesses lines. Based on its achievements of more than 100 years and the
solid technological capabilities that have
been handed down from Yamatake to Azbil, the azbil Group will continue to solve
problems together with
customers at their sites
to provide value for the
next 100 years.
The former model house for
conducting experiments of the
Kikubari central air-conditioning
system was renewed and
o p e n e d a s t h e Ya m a t a k e
Memorial in January 2013.
2013 Vol. 4 7
T opic s
Chiller Plant Energy-Saving Solutions
By means of precise control of
chiller equipment in offices and
plants, it is possible to cut peak
period use of electricity and
achieve energy-efficient operation.
tions offer a wide range of options
for saving energy, including selective
equipment replacement without
large investment, and total facility
replacement along with the introduction of high-efficiency equipment.
The amount of energy used for air
conditioning accounts for over 30
percent of total energy consumption
in office buildings, leaving significant
room for reduction.
Our chiller plant energy-saving solu-
Overview of energy-saving control
〈Company/Branch office〉
Overseas
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http://www.azbil.com/
Yamatake Corporation changed its name to
Azbil Corporation on April 1, 2012.
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Japan
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Azbil Corporation Azbil Trading Co., Ltd.
Azbil Yamatake Friendly Co., Ltd.
Azbil Care & Support Co., Ltd. Azbil SecurityFriday Co., Ltd.
Azbil Kimmon Co., Ltd.
Azbil Kyoto Co., Ltd. Azbil TA Co., Ltd.
Azbil Taishin Co., Ltd. Tem-Tech Lab.
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Azbil Korea Co., Ltd. Azbil Taiwan Co., Ltd.
Azbil Kimmon Technology Corporation
Azbil Vietnam Co., Ltd. Azbil India Pvt. Ltd.
Azbil (Thailand) Co., Ltd. Azbil Production (Thailand) Co., Ltd.
Azbil Philippines Corporation Azbil Malaysia Sdn. Bhd.
Azbil Singapore Pte. Ltd. PT. Azbil Berca Indonesia
Azbil Saudi Arabia Limited
Azbil Control Instruments (Dalian) Co., Ltd.
Azbil Information Technology Center (Dalian) Co., Ltd.
Yamatake Environmental Control Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd.
Beijing YTYH Intelli-Technology Co., Ltd.
Azbil Control Solutions (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
Shanghai Azbil Automation Co., Ltd. Azbil Hong Kong Limited
Yamatake Automation Products(Shanghai)Co., Ltd.
CECEP Building Energy Management Co., Ltd.
Azbil North America, Inc. Azbil VorTek, LLC Azbil BioVigilant, Inc.
Azbil Brazil Limited Azbil Europe NV Azbil Telstar, S.L.
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azbil Group PR magazine, azbil 2013 Vol. 4, No. 3
Issued by Mikako Takahashi, Public Relations Section, Corporate Planning Department, Azbil Corporation
19F Tokyo Building, 2-7-3 Marunouchi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-6419 Japan TEL: 81-3-6810-1006 FAX: 81-3-5220-7274 URL: http://www.azbil.com/
The azbil Group is forging ahead while
respecting the natural environment.
All rights reserved. Unauthorized reprint or
reproduction of materials in this magazine
is prohibited.
PR-3001E-1310(1310-4K-D)
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