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file:///C|/Documents%20and%20Settings/Tim/Desktop/carburetor-manual-welcome/index.htm[4/25/2009 11:42:20 AM]
Contents
Before driving
Introduction
2
Instrumentation
4
Controls and features
15
Seating and safety restraints
54
Starting and driving
Starting
84
Driving
89
Roadside emergencies
108
Servicing
Maintenance and care
127
Capacities and specifications
173
Reporting safety defects
181
Index
182
All rights reserved. Reproduction by any means, electronic
or mechanical including photocopying, recording or by any
information storage and retrieval system or translation in
whole or part is not permitted without written
authorization from Ford Motor Company.
Copyright r 1998 Ford Motor Company
1
Introduction
ICONS
Indicates a safety alert.
Read the following
section on Warnings .
Indicates vehicle
information related to
recycling and other
environmental
concerns will follow.
Correct vehicle usage and the authorized disposal of
waste cleaning and lubrication materials are
significant steps towards protecting the
environment.
Indicates a message
regarding child safety
restraints. Refer to
Seating and safety
restraints for more information.
Indicates that this
Owner Guide contains
information on this
subject. Please refer to
the Index to locate the appropriate section which
will provide you more information.
2
Introduction
WARNINGS
Warnings provide information which may reduce the
risk of personal injury and prevent possible damage
to others, your vehicle and its equipment.
BREAKING-IN YOUR VEHICLE
There are no particular breaking-in rules for your
vehicle. During the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles) of
driving, vary speeds frequently. This is necessary to
give the moving parts a chance to break in.
If possible, you should avoid full use of the brakes
for the first 1 600 km (1 000 miles).
INFORMATION ABOUT THIS GUIDE
The information found in this guide was in effect at
the time of printing. Ford may change the contents
without notice and without incurring obligation.
3
Instrumentation
Instrument
cluster
(pg. 6)
Headlamp
control
(pg. 15)
F
40
H
C
10
Trunk
release
(pg. 40)
Parking
brake
release
(pg. 91)
*if equipped
4
LOW
COOLANT
THEFT
MPH
km/h
R N D 2 1
Driver side
air bag
(pg. 66)
Turn signal and
wiper/washer
control (pg. 32)
100
20
P
2
140
180
4
3
90
0 00000
20
E
+
100
60
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
30
FUEL DOOR>
120
5
RPMx1000
6
1
7
110
0 O/D
OFF
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
REAR
LAMP
OUT
ABS
8
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Speed
control*
(pg. 28)
Instrumentation
Electronic sound
system; refer to
Audio Guide
(pg. 27)
AM
FM 12
AMC
w
BL
RF
H
ST
Passenger
side air bag
(pg. 67)
M
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
REW
EJECT
SEEK
FF
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
1
3
2
4
w
5
TAPE SIDE
6
FADE
TAPE
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
Gearshift
(pg. 93)
Climate
control
systems
(pg. 17)
5
Instrumentation
WARNING LIGHTS AND CHIMES
F
FUEL DOOR>
0 00000
20
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
COOLANT
3
90
60
C
+
4
100
30
E
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
5
2
RPMx1000
140
100
6
1
20
180
MPH
THEFT
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
120
0
O/D
OFF
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
7
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Turn signal
Illuminates when the
left or right turn signal
or the hazard lights are
turned on. If one or
both of the indicators stay on continuously or flash
faster, check for a burned-out turn signal bulb. Refer
to Exterior bulbs in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
High beams
Illuminates when the
high beam headlamps
are turned on.
Safety belt
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
position to remind you
to fasten your safety belts. For more information,
refer to the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Door ajar
Illuminates when the
ignition is in the ON or
START position and
any door is open.
6
Instrumentation
Service engine soon
Your vehicle is
SERVICE
ENGINE
equipped with a
SOON
computer that monitors
the engine’s emission
control system. This
system is commonly known as the On Board
Diagnostics System (OBD II). This OBD II system
protects the environment by ensuring that your
vehicle continues to meet government emission
standards. The OBD II system also assists the
service technician in properly servicing your vehicle.
The Service Engine Soon indicator light illuminates
when the ignition is first turned to the ON position
to check the bulb. If it comes on after the engine is
started, one of the engine’s emission control systems
may be malfunctioning. The light may illuminate
without a driveability concern being noted. The
vehicle will usually be drivable and will not require
towing.
What you should do if the Service Engine Soon
light illuminates
Light turns on solid:
This means that the OBD II system has detected a
malfunction.
Temporary malfunctions may cause your Service
Engine Soon light to illuminate. Examples are:
1. The vehicle has run out of fuel. (The engine may
misfire or run poorly.)
2. Poor fuel quality or water in the fuel.
3. The fuel cap may not have been properly installed
and securely tightened.
7
Instrumentation
These temporary malfunctions can be corrected by
filling the fuel tank with good quality fuel and/or
properly installing and securely tightening the gas
cap. After three driving cycles without these or any
other temporary malfunctions present, the Service
Engine Soon light should turn off. (A driving cycle
consists of a cold engine startup followed by mixed
city/highway driving.) No additional vehicle service is
required.
If the Service Engine Soon light remains on, have
your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Light is blinking:
Engine misfire is occurring which could damage your
catalytic converter. You should drive in a moderate
fashion (avoid heavy acceleration and deceleration)
and have your vehicle serviced at the first available
opportunity.
Under engine misfire conditions, excessive
exhaust temperatures could damage the
catalytic converter, the fuel system, interior floor
coverings or other vehicle components, possibly
causing a fire.
Low fuel
Illuminates when the
fuel tank has
approximately eight
liters (two gallons)
remaining. The lamp will also illuminate when the
ignition key is turned to ON and the engine is off.
Low coolant (if equipped)
This lamp will
illuminate when the
engine coolant inside
the reservoir is low.
8
LOW
COOLANT
Instrumentation
This lamp will come on when the ignition is first
turned on, but then should turn off. If the lamp
stays on, you should check the coolant level inside
the reservoir. For instructions on adding coolant, see
Engine coolant in the Maintenance and care
chapter.
Anti-theft system (if equipped)
Refer to Anti-theft
system in the Controls
and features chapter.
THEFT
O/D off (if equipped)
Illuminates when the
O/D
transmission control
OFF
switch has been
pushed. When the light
is on, the transmission does not shift into overdrive.
If the light does not come on when the transmission
control switch is depressed or if the light flashes
when you are driving, have your vehicle serviced.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (If equipped)
Momentarily illuminates
when the ignition is
ABS
turned on and the
engine is off. If the
light does not illuminate momentarily at start up,
remains on or continues to flash, the ABS needs to
be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal braking is still
effective unless the brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released.
9
Instrumentation
Speed control (if equipped)
This light comes on
CRUISE
when either the
SET/ACCEL or
ON
RESUME controls are
pressed. It turns off
when the speed control OFF control is pressed, the
brake is applied or the ignition is turned to the OFF
position.
Brake system warning
Momentarily illuminates
!
P
when the ignition is
turned to the ON
BRAKE
position and the engine
is off. If brake warning lamp does not illuminate at
this time, seek service immediately. Also illuminates
when the parking brake is engaged. Illumination
after releasing the parking brake indicates low brake
fluid level and the brake system should be inspected
immediately.
Engine oil pressure
Illuminates when the
oil pressure falls below
the normal range. Stop
the vehicle as soon as
safely possible and switch off the engine
immediately. Check the oil level and add oil if
needed. Refer to Engine oil in the Maintenance
and Care chapter.
This lamp also illuminates when the ignition is
turned to ON and the engine is off.
Charging system
Illuminates when the
ignition is turned to
the ON position and
the engine is off. The
light also illuminates when the battery is not
10
Instrumentation
charging properly, requiring electrical system
service.
Air bag readiness
Momentarily
illuminates when the
ignition is turned ON.
If the light fails to
illuminate, continues to flash or remains on, have
the system serviced immediately.
Low washer fluid
Illuminates when the
ignition is turned to ON
and when the
windshield washer fluid
is low.
Safety belt warning chime
Chimes to remind you to fasten your safety belts.
For information on the safety belt warning chime,
refer to the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Supplemental restraint system (SRS) warning
chime
For information on the SRS warning chime, refer to
the Seating and safety restraints chapter.
Key-in-ignition warning chime
Sounds when the key is left in the ignition in the
OFF/LOCK or ACC position and either front door is
opened.
Headlamps on warning chime
Sounds when the headlamps or parking lamps are
on, the ignition is off (and the key is not in the
ignition) and either front door is opened.
11
Instrumentation
GAUGES
F
10
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
LOW
COOLANT
THEFT
3
90
60
0 00000
20
C
+
4
100
30
E
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
FUEL DOOR>
5
2
RPMx1000
140
100
6
1
20
180
MPH
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
0
120
ABS
O/D
OFF
Speedometer
Indicates the current
vehicle speed.
100
90
60
0 00000
20
140
100
20
10
110
180
MPH
P
12
!
P
BRAKE
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
30
Tachometer
Indicates the engine
speed in revolutions
per minute.
Driving with your
tachometer pointer in
the red zone may
damage the engine.
7
CRUISE
km/h
R N D 2 1
3
120
4
5
2
RPMx1000
6
1
0
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
7
Instrumentation
Engine coolant temperature gauge
Indicates the
temperature of the
H
engine coolant. At
normal operating
C
temperature, the
needle remains within
the normal area (the
area between the “H”
and “C”). If it enters the red section, the engine is
overheating. Stop the vehicle as soon as safely
possible, switch off the engine immediately and let
the engine cool. Refer to Engine coolant in the
Maintenance and care chapter.
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap
while the engine is running or hot.
This gauge indicates the temperature of the engine
coolant, not the coolant level. If the coolant is not at
its proper level the gauge indication will not be
accurate.
Odometer
Registers the total
kilometers (miles) of
the vehicle.
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
100
30
90
60
0 00000
20
10
140
100
20
180
MPH
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
120
13
Instrumentation
Trip odometer
Registers the
kilometers (miles) of
individual journeys. To
reset, depress the
control.
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
100
30
90
60
0 00000
20
10
140
100
20
180
MPH
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
120
Fuel gauge
Displays approximately
how much fuel is in
F
the fuel tank (when
the key is in the ON
position). The fuel
E
gauge may vary slightly
when the vehicle is in
motion. The ignition
should be in the OFF
position while the vehicle is being refueled. When
the gauge first indicates empty, there is a small
amount of reserve fuel in the tank. When refueling
the vehicle from empty indication, the amount of
fuel that can be added will be less than the
advertised capacity due to the reserve fuel.
14
Controls and features
HEADLAMP CONTROL
Rotate the headlamp
control to the first
position to turn on the
parking lamps only.
Rotate to the second
position to also turn on
the headlamps.
P
PANEL AUTO
DIM LAMP
Daytime running lamps (DRL) (if equipped)
Turns the highbeam headlamps on with a reduced
output. To activate:
• the engine must be running and
• the headlamp control is in the OFF or Parking
lamps position.
The Daytime Running Light (DRL) system
will not illuminate the tail lamps and parking
lamps. Turn on your headlamps at dusk. Failure to
do so may result in a collision.
High beams
Push forward to
activate.
15
Controls and features
Flash to pass
Pull toward you to
activate and release to
deactivate.
PANEL DIMMER CONTROL
Use to adjust the
brightness of the
instrument panel
during headlamp and
parklamp operation.
• Rotate up to
brighten.
• Rotate down to dim.
P
PANEL AUTO
DIM LAMP
AUTOLAMP CONTROL
The autolamp system
PANEL AUTO
P
DIM LAMP
provides light sensitive
automatic on-off
control of the exterior
lights normally
controlled by the
headlamp control.
The autolamp system also keeps the lights on for a
preselected period of time after the ignition switch
is turned to OFF.
• To turn autolamps on, rotate the control up. The
preselected time lapse is adjustable up to
approximately three minutes by continuing to
rotate the control upward.
16
Controls and features
• To turn autolamps off, rotate the control down
until it clicks.
REAR WINDOW DEFROSTER
Clears the rear window of thin ice and fog. To
operate:
1. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
2. Press and release
R-DEF
the control once to
turn on. The light will
be lit while the rear
window defroster is on.
3. Press and release the control again to turn off.
The defroster will automatically turn off after fifteen
minutes.
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM
Manual heating and air conditioning system
(if equipped)
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
MAX
A/C
Fan speed control
Controls the volume of air circulated in the vehicle.
LO
HI
17
Controls and features
Temperature control knob
Controls the temperature of the airflow inside the
vehicle.
Mode selector control
Controls the direction
of the airflow to the
inside of the vehicle.
The air conditioning
compressor will operate in all modes except VENT
and
. However, the air conditioning will only
function if the outside temperature is about 10°C
(50°F) or above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable
moisture from the air during operation, it is normal
if clear water drips on the ground under the air
conditioner drain while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in any position other
than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is parked.
This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the
outside air inlet duct.
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle.
MAX A/C is noisier than A/C but more economical
and will cool the inside of the vehicle faster.
Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers. This mode can also be used to prevent
undesirable odors from entering the vehicle.
• A/C-Uses outside air to cool the vehicle. It is
quieter than MAX A/C but not as economical.
Airflow will be from the instrument panel
registers.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the
instrument panel registers. However, the air will
OFF
VENT
A/C
MAX
A/C
18
Controls and features
•
•
•
•
•
not be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not
operate. For short periods of time only, use this
mode to prevent undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
(Panel and floor)-Distributes outside air
through the instrument panel registers and the
floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control
knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full
cold positions, the air distributed through the
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers.
(Floor)-Allows for maximum heating by
distributing outside air through the floor ducts.
However, the air will not be cooled below the
outside temperature because the air conditioning
does not operate in this mode.
(Floor and defrost)-Distributes outside air
through the windshield defroster ducts and the
floor ducts. Heating and air conditioning
capabilities are provided in this mode. For added
customer comfort, when the temperature control
knob is anywhere in between the full hot and full
cold positions, the air distributed through the
floor ducts will be slightly warmer than the air
sent to the instrument panel registers. If the
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to prevent fogging.
-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts. It can be used to clear
ice or fog from the windshield. If the temperature
is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the air conditioner
will automatically dehumidify the air to prevent
fogging.
19
Controls and features
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select
before driving. This
will prevent your windshield from fogging. After a
few minutes, select any desired position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle,
don’t drive with the climate control system in the
OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will
interfere with the airflow to the back seats.
• Remove any snow,
ice or leaves from
the air intake area
(at the bottom of
the windshield under
the hood).
• If the air conditioner works well in MAX A/C, but
not in A/C, this may indicate that the cabin air
filter (if equipped) needs to be replaced.
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows
closed during hot weather, the air conditioner will
do a much faster job of cooling if you drive for
two or three minutes with the windows open. This
will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Then operate your air conditioner as you
would normally.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument
panel, be careful to not place them over the
defroster outlets. These objects can block airflow
and reduce your ability to see through your
windshield. Also, avoid placing small objects on
top of your instrument panel. These objects can
fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control
system.
20
Controls and features
Electronic Automatic Temperature Control
(EATC) system (if equipped)
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
TEMP
MAX
A/C
VENT
The EATC system will maintain a selected
temperature and automatically control airflow. You
can override automatic operation with any of the
override controls or the fan speed control.
Turning the EATC on
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
TEMP
MAX
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
Press AUTO, any of the override controls or the fan
speed control. The EATC will only operate when the
ignition is in the ON position.
Turning the EATC off
Press OFF. The
Outside Temperature
function will continue
to operate until the
ignition is turned off.
AUTO
OFF
TEMP
MAX
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
21
Controls and features
Automatic operation
Press AUTO and select the desired temperature.
The selected temperature and the word AUTO will
appear in the display window. The EATC system will
either heat or cool to achieve the selected
temperature. The system will automatically
determine fan speed, airflow location and if fresh
outside air or recirculated air is required. Fan speed
remains automatic unless the fan speed control is
pressed.
When in AUTO and weather conditions require heat,
air will be sent to the floor. However, if the engine is
not warm enough to provide heat, the fan will be at
a low speed and the air will be directed to the
windshield. In 3½ minutes or less, the fan speed will
start to increase and the airflow location will change
to the floor area.
If unusual conditions exist (i.e.-window fogging,
etc.), the manual override controls allow you to
select airflow locations and the fan control allows
you to adjust fan speed as necessary.
Temperature selection
The display window
AUTO
indicates the selected
temperature, function
(AUTO or one of the
override controls) and
•
FAN
manual control of fan
speed ( ) if
automatic fan speed is not desired.
To control the
temperature, select any
—
+
temperature between
F-DEF
18°C (65°F) and 29°C
R-DEF
(85°F) by pressing the
temperature control.
22
F
• •
— TEMP +
Controls and features
For continuous maximum cooling, push the
temperature control until 16°C (60°F) is shown in
the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum cooling (disregarding the displayed
temperature) until a warmer temperature is selected
by pressing the temperature control.
For continuous maximum heating, push the
temperature control until 32°C (90°F) is shown in
the display window. The EATC will continue
maximum heating (disregarding the displayed
temperature) until a cooler temperature is selected
by pressing the temperature control.
Temperature conversion
AUTO
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
C
OFF
+
TEMP
MAX
F-DEF
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
Press MAX A/C and F-DEF
at the same time
(until the display changes) to switch between
Fahrenheit and Celsius.
Fan speed ( )
When AUTO is
— TEMP +
pressed, fan speed is
—
+
adjusted automatically
F-DEF
for existing conditions.
R-DEF
You can override fan
speed at any time. To
control fan speed
manually, press the fan
control to cancel automatic fan speed operation.
Press the control up for higher fan speed or down
for lower fan speed.
23
Controls and features
The display will show
and a bar graph to
indicate manual fan
operation and relative
speed.
AUTO
F
FAN
• • •
To return to automatic fan operation, press AUTO.
Manual override controls
— TEMP +
—
AUTO
AUTO
F
OFF
+
F-DEF
TEMP
MAX
R-DEF
OUT
SIDE
A/C
VENT
The override controls are located at the bottom of
the EATC and allow you to determine where airflow
is directed. To return to full automatic control, press
AUTO.
The air conditioning compressor will operate in all
modes except
and VENT. It will also operate
only when required when AUTO has been selected.
However, the air conditioning will only function if
the outside temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
above.
Since the air conditioner removes considerable
moisture from the air during operation, it is normal
if clear water drips on the ground under the air
conditioner drain while the system is working and
even after you have stopped the vehicle.
Under normal conditions, your vehicle’s climate
control system should be left in any position other
than MAX A/C or OFF when the vehicle is parked.
This allows the vehicle to “breathe” through the
outside air inlet duct.
24
Controls and features
• MAX A/C-Uses recirculated air to cool the vehicle.
The temperature will remain unchanged and air
will be cooled based on the selected temperature.
To exit, press AUTOMATIC or any other override
controls. MAX A/C is noisier than normal A/C but
more economical and will cool the inside of the
vehicle faster. Airflow is from the instrument
panel registers. This mode can also be used to
prevent undesirable odors from entering the
vehicle.
• VENT-Distributes outside air through the
instrument panel registers. However, the air
cannot be cooled below the outside temperature
because the air conditioning does not operate in
this mode.
•
-Distributes outside air through the
instrument panel registers and the floor ducts.
Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or
cooled based on the temperature selection. For
added customer comfort, the air distributed
through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer
than the air sent to the instrument panel
registers.
-Allows for maximum heating by distributing
•
outside air through the floor ducts. However, the
air cannot be cooled below the outside
temperature because the air conditioning does not
operate in this mode.
•
-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts and the floor ducts.
Heating and air conditioning capabilities are
provided in this mode. The air will be heated or
cooled based on the temperature selection. For
added customer comfort, the air distributed
through the floor ducts will be slightly warmer
than the air sent to the windshield defroster
ducts. If the temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or
higher, the air conditioner will automatically
dehumidify the air to prevent fogging.
25
Controls and features
• F- DEF
-Distributes outside air through the
windshield defroster ducts. It can be used to clear
ice or fog from the windshield. If the outside air
temperature is about 10°C (50°F) or higher, the
air conditioner will automatically dehumidify the
air to prevent fogging.
• OFF-Outside air is shut out and the fan will not
operate. For short periods of time only, use this
mode to prevent undesirable odors from entering
the vehicle.
Displaying outside temperature
Press OUTSIDE TEMP
AUTO
to display the outside
OFF
air temperature. It will
OUT
SIDE
be displayed until
TEMP
MAX
OUTSIDE TEMP is
A/C
pressed again or until
VENT
any other control is
pressed. When the
EATC system is off and OUTSIDE TEMP is pressed,
the outside temperature will only be displayed for
four seconds.
The outside temperature reading is most accurate
when the vehicle is moving. Higher readings may be
obtained when the vehicle is not moving. The
readings that you get may not agree with
temperatures given on the radio due to differences
in vehicle and station locations.
Operating tips
• In humid weather, select F-DEF
before
driving. This will prevent your windshield from
fogging. After a few minutes, select any desired
position.
• To prevent humidity buildup inside the vehicle,
don’t drive with the climate control system in the
OFF position.
• Don’t put objects under the front seat that will
interfere with the airflow to the back seats.
26
Controls and features
• Remove any snow,
ice or leaves from
the air intake area
(at the bottom of
the windshield).
• If your vehicle has been parked with the windows
closed during hot weather, the air conditioner will
do a much faster job of cooling if you drive for
two or three minutes with the windows open. This
will force most of the hot, stale air out of the
vehicle. Then operate the air conditioner as you
would normally.
• If the air conditioner works well in MAX A/C but
not in normal A/C, this may indicate that the
cabin air filter (if equipped) needs to be replaced.
• When placing objects on top of your instrument
panel, be careful to not place them over the
defroster outlets. These objects can block airflow
and reduce your ability to see through your
windshield. Also, avoid placing small objects on
top of your instrument panel. These objects can
fall down into the defroster outlets and block
airflow and possibly damage your climate control
system.
AUDIO SYSTEM
Refer to the Audio Guide for instructions on how to
operate the audio system.
27
Controls and features
POSITIONS OF THE IGNITION
1. ACCESSORY, allows
3
2
the electrical
accessories such as the
radio to operate while
the engine is not
1
running.
2. LOCK, locks the
steering wheel,
automatic transmission gearshift lever and allows
key removal.
3. OFF, shuts off the engine and all accessories
without locking the steering wheel.
4. ON, all electrical circuits operational. Warning
lights illuminated. Key position when driving.
5. START, cranks the engine. Release the key as
soon as the engine starts.
4
5
SPEED CONTROL (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn speed control on
• Press ON.
Vehicle speed cannot
be controlled until the
vehicle is traveling at
or above 48 km/h (30
mph).
ON
OFF
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
Do not shift the gearshift lever into N
(Neutral) with the speed control on.
28
Controls and features
To turn speed control off
• Press OFF or
• Turn off the vehicle
ignition.
ON
OFF
Once speed control is switched off, the previously
programmed set speed will be erased.
To set a speed
• Press SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. For speed
control to operate,
the speed control
must be ON and the
vehicle speed must
be greater than 48
km/h (30 mph).
RESUME
SET
ACCEL
COAST
If you drive up or down a steep hill, your vehicle
speed may vary momentarily slower or faster than
the set speed. This is normal.
Speed control cannot reduce the vehicle speed if it
increases above the set speed on a downhill. If your
vehicle speed is faster than the set speed while
driving on a downhill, you may want to shift to the
next lower gear or apply the brakes to reduce your
vehicle speed.
If your vehicle slows down more than 16 km/h (10
mph) below your set speed on an uphill, your speed
control will disengage. This is normal. Pressing
RES/RSM/RESUME will re-engage it.
Do not use the speed control in heavy traffic
or on roads that are winding, slippery, or
unpaved.
29
Controls and features
To set a higher set speed
• Press and hold SET
ACC/SET ACCEL.
RESUME
Release the control
SET
when the desired
ACCEL
vehicle speed is
COAST
reached or
• Press and release
SET ACC/SET
ACCEL. Each press will increase the set speed by
1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Accelerate with your accelerator pedal. When the
desired vehicle speed is reached, press and
release SET ACC/SET ACCEL.
You can accelerate with the accelerator pedal at any
time during speed control usage. Releasing the
accelerator pedal will return your vehicle to the
previously programmed set speed.
To set a lower set speed
• Press and hold
CST/COAST. Release
RESUME
the control when the
SET
desired speed is
ACCEL
reached or
COAST
• Press and release
CST/COAST. Each
press will decrease
the set speed by 1.6 km/h (1 mph) or
• Depress the brake
pedal. When the
RESUME
desired vehicle
SET
speed is reached,
ACCEL
press SET ACC/SET
COAST
ACCEL.
30
Controls and features
To disengage speed control
• Depress the brake
pedal.
Disengaging the speed
control will not erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
Pressing OFF will erase
the previously
programmed set speed.
ON
OFF
To return to a previously set speed
• Press
RES/RSM/RESUME.
RESUME
For
SET
RES/RSM/RESUME
ACCEL
to operate, the
COAST
vehicle speed must
be faster than 48
km/h (30 mph).
Indicator light
CRUISE
This light comes on when either the SET ACC/SET
ACCEL or RES/RSM/RESUME controls are pressed.
It turns off when the speed control OFF control is
pressed, the brake is applied or the ignition is
turned to the OFF position.
31
Controls and features
TURN SIGNAL CONTROL
• Push down to
activate the left turn
signal.
• Push up to activate
the right turn signal.
WINDSHIELD WIPER/WASHER CONTROLS
Rotate the windshield
wiper control to the
desired interval, low or
high speed position.
The bars of varying length are for intermittent
wipers. When in this position rotate the control
upward for fast intervals and downward for slow
intervals.
Push the control on
the end of the stalk to
activate washer. Push
and hold for a longer
wash cycle. The washer will automatically shut off
after ten seconds of continuous use.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
Rear window wiper and washer (wagon only)
The rear wiper control
is located under the
headlamp controls
Press the wiper control
to activate the rear
wiper. Press again to
turn off the wiper.
32
Controls and features
Press the washer
control to activate the
rear washer. The wiper
will come on when the
washer control is
pressed, if it is not
already on.
Mist Function
To operate the Mist
function of the
windshield wipers,
push and release the
windshield washer control quickly. The wipers will
cycle one or two times.
HI
LO
F
S
OFF
HAZARD FLASHER
For information on the hazard flasher control, refer
to Hazard lights control in the Roadside
emergencies chapter.
TILT STEERING
Pull the tilt steering
control toward you to
move the steering
wheel up or down.
Hold the control while
adjusting the wheel to
the desired position,
then release the
control.
Never adjust the steering wheel when the
vehicle is moving.
33
Controls and features
ILLUMINATED VISOR MIRROR (IF EQUIPPED)
To turn on the visor
mirror lamps, lift the
mirror cover. Adjust
the amount of light by
sliding the control.
MOON ROOF (IF EQUIPPED)
Press SLIDE to open
and close the moon
roof. Press AUTO and
release to open
completely with one
touch.
Press UP or DN on the
TILT control to tilt the
moon roof when closed.
TILT
SLIDE
UP
AUTO
DN
HT
LIG
LIG
HT
OFF DOOR ON
Dome lamps and map lamps
The front dome lamp is located overhead between
the driver and passenger seats. If the vehicle is
equipped with a moon roof, the dome lamp is
located behind the moon roof.
The dome lamp will
stay on if the control is
moved to the ON
position. When the
control is in the DOOR
position, the lamp will
only come on when a
door is opened. If the
control is moved to the
OFF position, the lamp will not come on at all.
The dome lamp will illuminate whenever a front
door is opened. If either front door has been opened
from the outside, the lamp will remain on for 25
seconds after the door is shut. If any other door has
been opened from the inside, the lamp will shut off
immediately after the door is closed.
34
Controls and features
The map lamps and
controls are located on
the dome lamp. Press
the controls on either
side of each map lamp
to activate the lamps.
If equipped with a
moon roof, the map
lamps are located on
the moon roof control
panel. Press LIGHT to
illuminate the map
lamp.
TILT SLIDE
HT
LIG
LIG
HT
POWER WINDOWS
Press and hold the rocker switches to open and
close windows.
• Press the top
portion of the rocker
switch to close.
AUTO
• Press the bottom
portion of the rocker
switch to open.
AUTO
35
Controls and features
One touch down
• Press AUTO
completely down
and release quickly.
The window will
open fully. Depress
again to stop
window operation.
AUTO
Window lock
WINDOW LOCK
The window lock
feature allows only the
driver to operate the
power windows.
To lock out all the window controls except for the
driver’s press the right side of the control. Press the
left side to restore the window controls.
POWER DOOR LOCKS (IF EQUIPPED)
Press U to unlock all
doors and L to lock all
doors.
U
L
Central locking/Two step unlocking (if equipped)
When unlocking the driver or front passenger door
with the key, turn it once toward the front of the
vehicle to unlock that door only. Turn the key a
second time to unlock all doors. When locking, turn
the key toward the back of the vehicle to lock all
doors.
36
Controls and features
Liftgate (wagon only)
The power liftgate lock
is located on the right
inside trim panel in the
cargo area. When this
lock is pressed, all
doors and the liftgate
will lock.
POWER SIDE VIEW MIRRORS
To adjust your mirrors:
to adjust the left mirror or
1. Select
the right mirror.
2. Move the control in
the direction you wish
to tilt the mirror.
to adjust
3. Return to the center position to lock mirrors in
place.
37
Controls and features
Heated outside mirrors (if equipped)
Both mirrors are
heated automatically to
remove ice, mist and
fog when the rear
window defrost is
activated.
Do not remove ice
from the mirrors with a
scraper or attempt to readjust the mirror glass if it is
frozen in place. These actions could cause damage
to the glass and mirrors.
CHILDPROOF DOOR LOCKS
When these locks are
set, the rear doors
cannot be opened from
the inside. The rear
doors can be opened
from the outside when
the doors are unlocked.
The childproof locks
are located on rear
edge of each rear door
and must be set
separately for each
door. Setting the lock
for one door will not
automatically set the
lock for both doors.
Move lock control up to engage the lock. Move
control down to disengage childproof locks.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle may be equipped with a variety of
console features. These include:
• utility compartment
• cupholders
38
Controls and features
• coin holder slots
• cellular phone (if equipped)
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard
objects can injure you in a collision.
If your vehicle is equipped with the column shift, it
has a center console in the center front seating
position.
The center console has the same features as the full
console. To open the storage compartment, raise the
armrest and pull the strap on the seat up and
toward the front of the vehicle. The cupholders in
the center console can be removed for cleaning.
Use only soft cups in the cupholder. Hard
objects can injure you in a collision.
Cellular phone
Refer to the “Cellular phone guide” for instructions
on operation.
POSITIVE RETENTION FLOOR MAT
Position the floor mat so
that the eyelet is over the
pointed end of the
retention post and rotate
forward to lock in. Make
sure that the mat does not
interfere with the operation
of the accelerator or the
brake pedal. To remove the
floor mat, reverse the installation procedure.
39
Controls and features
TRUNK REMOTE CONTROL
Press the remote trunk
release control on the
instrument panel to the
left of the steering
wheel.
LIFTGATE (WAGON ONLY)
You can open the
entire liftgate or just
the liftgate window. To
open the entire liftgate,
press the release
button hidden under
the exterior trim panel
just above the license
plate.
You must lock the liftgate with the key or power
lock control; it does not lock automatically.
The window locks when the liftgate is locked. To
open the window, make sure the liftgate and window
are unlocked, then press the outside lock cylinder.
The window can only be opened from the outside.
To prevent any damage to the liftgate and window,
close them completely before driving.
40
Controls and features
CARGO AREA FEATURES
Storage compartment
Your vehicle comes
equipped with a
storage compartment
in the floor of the
cargo area. An
additional
compartment is in the
rear trim panel on the
right. Always put the
load you are carrying as far forward as possible.
Cargo net (if equipped)
The cargo net secures
lightweight objects in
the cargo area. Attach
the net to the anchors
provided. Do not put
more than 22 kg (50
lbs.) in the net. This
net is not designed to
restrain objects during
a collision.
Cargo cover (if equipped)
Your vehicle may be equipped with a cargo area
shade that covers the luggage compartment of your
vehicle.
To install the shade:
1. Fasten the cover
into the mounting
brackets (make sure
the cover is right side
up).
2. Pull the end of the
shade toward you and
hook the sides into the notches in the rear trim
panels.
41
Controls and features
To prevent the possibility of injuries, the
fasteners for the cargo area cover must be
properly attached to the mounting clips on the
rear trim panels.
Do not place any objects on the cargo area
cover. They may obstruct your vision or
strike occupants of the vehicle in the case of a
sudden stop or collision.
Rewinding the shade
With extended use, the cargo shade may lose its
spring tension. If this occurs, the shade must be
manually rewound. This is a two-person operation.
1. Remove the shade from the vehicle and extend it
with the smooth grain facing you.
2. Wrap the vinyl
around the roller tube
twice. Tuck the edges
of the vinyl inside the
end cap with each
wrap.
3. Fold the edges of
the vinyl towards the
center, making sure that the edges clear the end cap
slots. Use tape or a rubber band to hold the vinyl to
the left side of the tube.
4. Push in the right
end cap (marked RH)
about ¼ of the total
length to disengage the
clutch and hold the
end cap in while
turning the roller tube
toward you 14 times.
42
Controls and features
5. Let go of the right end cap. The clutch will now
engage and stop the shade from losing its spring
tension.
6. Unfold the vinyl and place it into the end cap
slots.
7. Insert the shade into the side mounting brackets
and check to make sure that it operates properly.
The cover may cause injury in a sudden stop
or accident if it is not securely installed.
REMOTE ENTRY SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
The remote entry system allows you to lock or
unlock all vehicle doors and liftgate without a key.
The remote entry features only operate with the
ignition in the OFF position.
Unlocking the doors
Press this control to
unlock the driver’s
door. The interior
lamps will illuminate.
Press the control a
second time within five
seconds to unlock all
doors.
43
Controls and features
Locking the doors
Press this control to
lock all doors.
To confirm all doors
are closed and locked,
press the control a
second time within five
seconds. The doors will
lock again, the horn
will chirp and the lamps will flash.
If any of the doors are ajar, the horn will make two
quick chirps, reminding you to properly close all
doors.
Unlocking the liftgate/trunk
Press the control to
unlock the
liftgate/trunk.
Sounding a panic alarm
Press this control to
activate the alarm.
To deactivate the
alarm, press the
control again or turn
the ignition to ACC or
ON.
This device complies
with part 15 of the FCC rules and with RS-210 of
Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) This device may not
cause harmful interference, and (2) This device
must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
44
Controls and features
Changes or modifications not expressly
approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to
operate the equipment.
Illuminated entry
The interior lamps illuminate when the remote entry
system is used to unlock the door(s) or sound the
personal alarm.
The system automatically turns off after 25 seconds
or when the ignition is turned to the RUN or ACC
position. The dome lamp control (if equipped) must
not be set to the OFF position for the illuminated
entry system to operate.
The inside lights will not turn off if:
• they have been turned on with the dimmer
control or
• any door is open.
The battery saver will shut off the interior lamps 40
minutes after the ignition has been turned to the
OFF position.
Replacing lost transmitters
Take all your vehicle’s
transmitters to your
dealer for
reprogramming if:
• a transmitter is lost
or
• you want to
purchase additional
transmitters (up to four may be programmed).
To reprogram the transmitters, place the key in the
ignition and turn from OFF to ON five times in rapid
succession (within 10 seconds). After doors
lock/unlock, press any control on all transmitters (up
to four). When completed, turn the ignition to OFF.
45
Controls and features
The doors will lock/unlock one last time to confirm
completion of program mode.
All transmitters must be programmed at the same
time.
Replacing the battery
The transmitter is powered by one coin type
three-volt lithium battery CR2032 or equivalent.
Typical operating range will allow you to be up to 10
meters (33 feet) away from your vehicle. A decrease
in operating range can be caused by:
• battery weakness due to time and use
• weather conditions
• nearby radio towers
• structures around the vehicle
• other vehicles parked next to the vehicle
To replace the battery:
1. Twist a thin coin
between the two halves
of the transmitter near
the key ring. DO NOT
TAKE THE FRONT
PART OF THE
TRANSMITTER
APART.
2. Place the positive
(+) side of new battery
in the same orientation.
Refer to the diagram inside the transmitter unit.
3. Snap the two halves back together.
Replacement of the battery will not cause the
remote transmitter to become deprogrammed from
your vehicle. The remote transmitter should operate
normally after battery replacement.
46
Controls and features
PERIMETER ALARM SYSTEM (IF EQUIPPED)
Arming the system
When armed, this system will help protect your
vehicle from unauthorized entry. When unauthorized
entry occurs, the system will flash the headlamps
and/or parking lamps, and the theft indicator lamp
and will chirp the horn.
The system is ready to arm whenever the ignition is
turned OFF. Any of the following actions will prearm
the alarm system:
• Press the remote
entry lock control
(doors opened or
closed).
• Press 7/8 and 9/0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
controls on the
keyless entry pad at
the same time to
lock the doors
(doors opened or
closed).
• Open a door and press the power door lock
control to lock the doors.
• Use the door key to lock the doors (doors opened
or closed).
If a door or the liftgate
(wagon) is open, the
THEFT
system is prearmed
and is waiting for the
door to close or liftgate to close. The THEFT
indicator in the instrument cluster will be lit
continuously when the system is prearmed.
47
Controls and features
Once the doors and liftgate (wagon) are closed, the
system will arm in 30 seconds.
When you press the
lock control twice
within 5 seconds on
your remote entry
transmitter, the horn
will chirp once to let
you know that the
system is armed.
If the doors or liftgate (wagon) are not closed and
you press the remote entry transmitter twice to
confirm the doors are locked, the horn will chirp
twice to warn you that the system is not arming.
Disarming the system
You can disarm the system by any of the following
actions:
• Unlock the doors by
using your remote
entry transmitter.
• Unlock the doors by
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
using your keyless
entry pad.
• Unlock the doors or liftgate with a key. Turn the
key full travel (toward the front of the vehicle) to
make sure the alarm disarms.
• Turn ignition to ACC or ON.
48
Controls and features
• Press control on the
remote entry
transmitter. This will
disarm the system
when the alarm is
sounding.
KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
With the keyless entry
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
keypad, you can:
• lock or unlock the
vehicle doors and liftgate (wagons) without using
the key.
• arm and disarm the perimeter alarm system (if
equipped)
See also Remote entry system and Perimeter
alarm system in this chapter for more information.
Your vehicle has a factory-set 5–digit code that
operates the keyless entry system. You can also
program your own 5–digit personal entry code.
The factory-set code is located:
• on the owner’s wallet card in the glove
compartment
• taped to the computer module
When pressing the controls on the keyless entry
keypad, press the middle of the controls to ensure a
good activation.
49
Controls and features
Programming your own personal entry code
1. Enter the factory-set code (keypad will illuminate
when pressed).
2. Press the 1/2 control
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
within five seconds of
step 1.
3. Enter your personal
5 digit code. Enter
each digit within five
seconds of the previous one.
Do not set a code that includes five of the same
number or presents them in sequential order.
Thieves can easily figure out these types of codes.
Your personal code does not replace the permanent
code that the dealership gave you. You can use
either code to unlock your vehicle. If a second
personal code is entered, the module will erase the
first personal code in favor of the new code.
If you wish to erase your personal code, use the
following instructions:
Erasing personal code
1. Enter the factory-set code.
2. Press 1/2 within five
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
seconds of step 1.
3. Press the 7/8 and 9/0
controls at the same
time within five
seconds of step two.
The system will now only respond to the factory-set
code.
50
Controls and features
Unlocking the doors and releasing the trunk
with the keyless entry system
The driver’s door must be unlocked before any
other. If more than five seconds pass between
pressing numbers, enter the code again. The system
has shut down if the keypad light is out. If the
keyless entry system does not work, use the key or
remote entry transmitter(s).
1. To unlock the driver’s door, enter one of the two
codes. After pressing the fifth number, the driver’s
door unlocks.
2. To unlock the
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
passenger’s door(s) and
liftgate (wagon), press
the 3/4 control within
five seconds of
unlocking the driver’s
door.
3. To unlock the trunk
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
or liftgate (wagon),
enter the five-digit
factory-set code, then
press the 5/6 control
within five seconds.
Autolock
Autolock is a feature that will automatically lock all
doors when:
• all vehicle doors, liftgate and liftgate window are
fully closed
• the ignition key is in the ON position
• you shift into or through R (Reverse)
• the brake pedal is released
The autolock feature repeats when:
• any door is opened and then closed
• the brake pedal is released
51
Controls and features
Deactivating autolock
Before following the activation or deactivation
procedures, make sure that the anti-theft system is
not armed, the ignition is OFF and all vehicle doors
and liftgate window are closed.
1. Enter the 5 digit entry code.
2. Press and release
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
the 3/4 control while
holding the 7/8 control.
3. Release the 7/8
control.
The horn will chirp
once if autolock was deactivated or twice (one short
and one long chirp) if autolock was activated.
To reactivate autolock, repeat steps 1 through 3.
Autolock can also be activated or deactivated using
the following procedure:
You must complete steps 1 through 5 within 30
seconds or the procedure will have to be repeated. If
the procedure needs to be repeated, you must wait
30 seconds.
1. Turn the ignition key from OFF to RUN/ACC.
2. Press the power door UNLOCK control three
times.
3. Turn the ignition key from RUN/ACC to OFF.
4. Press the power door UNLOCK control three
times.
5. Turn the ignition key from OFF to RUN/ACC. A
horn chirp indicates the enable/disable feature is
entered.
6. Press the power door UNLOCK control one time.
7. Press the power door LOCK control to toggle the
Autolock/Relock state. You will receive a horn chirp
followed by either a long honk, autolock/relock is
enabled, or no honk, autolock/relock is disabled.
8. Turn ignition to OFF.
52
Controls and features
If autolock/relock has been changed, the horn will
chirp to confirm procedure is complete.
SECURILOCKY ANTI-THEFT SYSTEM
The SecuriLocky anti-theft system provides an
advanced level of vehicle theft protection. Your
vehicle’s engine can only be started with the two
special SecuriLocky electronically coded keys
provided with your vehicle. Each time you start your
vehicle, the SecuriLocky key is read by the
SecuriLocky anti-theft system. If the SecuriLocky
key identification code matches the code stored in
the SecuriLocky anti-theft system, the vehicle’s
engine is allowed to start. If the SecuriLocky key
identification code does not match the code stored
in the system or if a SecuriLocky key is not
detected (vehicle theft situation), the vehicle’s
engine will not operate.
Spare SecuriLocky keys can be purchased from
your dealership and programmed to your
SecuriLocky anti-theft system. Refer to
Programming spare SecuriLocky keys for more
information.
If one or both of your SecuriLocky keys are lost or
stolen and you want to ensure the lost or stolen key
will not operate your vehicle, bring your vehicle and
all available SecuriLocky keys to your dealership for
reinitialization.
53
Seating and safety restraints
SEATING
Head restraints
Push or pull the head
rests to the desired
position.
Adjusting the front manual seat
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Do not pile cargo higher than the seatbacks
to avoid injuring people in a collision or
sudden stop.
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
Lift handle to move
seat forward or
backward.
54
Seating and safety restraints
Pull lever up to adjust
seatback.
Adjusting the power seats (if equipped)
Never adjust the driver’s seat or seatback
when the vehicle is moving.
Press to move front or
rear of seat up and
down.
Press to raise or lower
the seat, or to move
the seat forward or
backward.
Using the power lumbar support (if equipped)
The power lumbar
control is located on
the outboard side of
the seat.
Press one side of the
control to adjust
firmness.
55
Seating and safety restraints
Press the other side of the control to adjust
softness.
REAR SEATS
2nd seat/Split-folding rear seat (if equipped)
One or both rear seatbacks can be folded down to
provide additional cargo space.
To lower the
seatback(s) from inside
the vehicle, pull tab to
release seat back and
then fold seatback
down.
When raising the seatback(s), make sure you hear
the seat latch into place.
3rd seat (wagon only)
The third seat faces the rear of the vehicle. For
height and weight limits, see the label on the seat
cushion. When the seat is down, the back of your
wagon has a flat surface for carrying cargo.
To open up the seat:
1. Unlock the floor
panel with the key,
then use the handle to
fold the floor panel
toward the front of the
car.
2. Remove the cargo
cover. The cargo cover
must be removed or
the seatback will not
latch in the upright
position.
56
Seating and safety restraints
3. Lift the remote latch
release on the left side
of the compartment
and fold the remaining
floor panel until it
latches. Make sure the
seatback is locked in
the upright position.
To close the seat, make sure the safety belts are
properly stowed, then lift the remote latch release
and push the seat down until it latches. Pull up on
the handle and push the floor panel into place.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS
Safety restraints precautions
Always drive and ride with your seatback
upright and the lap belt snug and low across
the hips.
To prevent the risk of injury, make sure
children sit where they can be properly
restrained.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
57
Seating and safety restraints
All occupants of the vehicle, including the
driver, should always properly wear their
safety belts, even when an air bag SRS is provided.
It is extremely dangerous to ride in a cargo
area, inside or outside of a vehicle. In a
collision, people riding in these areas are more
likely to be seriously injured or killed. Do not allow
people to ride in any area of your vehicle that is
not equipped with seats and safety belts. Be sure
everyone in your vehicle is in a seat and using a
safety belt properly.
Each seating position in your vehicle has a
specific safety belt assembly which is made
up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed
to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on
the outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder
belt under the arm. 2) Never swing it around your
neck over the inside shoulder. 3) Never use a
single belt for more than one person.
Combination lap and shoulder belts
1. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle until you hear a
snap and feel it latch.
Make sure the tongue
is securely fastened in
the buckle.
58
Seating and safety restraints
2. To unfasten, push
the release button and
remove the tongue
from the buckle.
The front and rear outboard safety restraints in the
vehicle are combination lap and shoulder belts. The
front and rear seat passenger outboard safety belts
have two types of locking modes described below:
Vehicle sensitive mode
The vehicle sensitive mode is the normal retractor
mode, allowing free shoulder belt length adjustment
to your movements and locking in response to
vehicle movement. For example, if the driver brakes
suddenly or turns a corner sharply, or the vehicle
receives an impact of 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the
combination safety belts will lock to help reduce
forward movement of the driver and passengers.
Automatic locking mode
In this mode, the shoulder belt is automatically
pre-locked. The belt will still retract to remove any
slack in the shoulder belt.
The automatic locking mode is not available on the
driver safety belt.
When to use the automatic locking mode
• When a tight lap/shoulder fit is desired.
• Anytime a child safety seat is installed in the
vehicle. Refer to Safety Restraints for Children
or Safety Seats for Children later in this chapter.
59
Seating and safety restraints
How to use the automatic locking mode
• Buckle the
combination lap and
shoulder belt.
• Grasp the shoulder
portion and pull
downward until the
entire belt is
extracted.
• Allow the belt to retract. As the belt retracts, you
will hear a clicking sound. This indicates the
safety belt is now in the automatic locking mode.
How to disengage the automatic locking mode
Disconnect the combination lap/shoulder belt and
allow it to retract completely to disengage the
automatic locking mode and activate the vehicle
sensitive (emergency) locking mode.
Front safety belt height adjustment
Your vehicle has safety
belt height adjustments
for the driver and front
passenger. Adjust the
height of the shoulder
belt so the belt rests
across the middle of
your shoulder.
60
Seating and safety restraints
To lower the shoulder belt height, push the button
and slide the height control down. To raise the
height of the shoulder belt, slide the height adjuster
up. Pull down on the height adjustment assembly to
make sure it is locked in place.
Position the shoulder belt height adjuster so
that the belt rests across the middle of your
shoulder. Failure to adjust the safety belt properly
could reduce the effectiveness of the safety belt
and increase the risk of injury in a collision.
Center rear lap belt (sedan)
The safety belt in the center rear seating position
has a detachable shoulder belt and does not contain
the automatic locking mode (ALR).
To attach the shoulder
belt to the lap belt, pull
the shoulder belt out
from the retractor in
the seatback and insert
into the lap belt
connecting pin into the
wide end of the key
slot on the shoulder
belt. Pull the
connecting pin into the
narrow end of the key
slot until you hear a
snap and feel it latch.
Make sure the shoulder
belt is securely
fastened to the lap belt
by pulling up on the shoulder belt.
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Seating and safety restraints
Lap belts
Adjusting the lap belt
The lap belt does not adjust automatically.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as
possible around the hips, not around the
waist.
Insert the tongue into
the correct buckle. To
lengthen the belt, turn
the tongue at a right
angle to the belt and
pull across your lap
until it reaches the
buckle. To tighten the
belt, pull the loose end
of the belt through the
tongue until it fits
snugly across the hips.
Shorten and fasten the
belt when not in use.
Safety belts for rear-facing occupants (wagon
only)
Never use child safety seats in the third seat
of a wagon.
Your vehicle is equipped with safety belts containing
an adjust tongue at the rear-facing seating positions.
62
Seating and safety restraints
When the adjust tongue of the lap/shoulder
combination seat belt is latched into the buckle, the
tongue will allow the lap portion to become shorter,
but locks the webbing in place to restrict it from
becoming longer.
Before you reach and latch a combination lap and
shoulder belt having an adjust tongue into the
buckle, you may have to lengthen the lap belt
portion of it. To lengthen the lap belt, pull some
webbing out of the shoulder belt retractor. While
holding the webbing below the tongue, grasp the
tongue so that it is parallel to the webbing and slide
the tongue upward. Provide enough length so that
the tongue can reach the buckle.
To fasten the belt, pull the combination lap and
shoulder belt from the retractor so that the shoulder
belt portion of the safety belt crosses your shoulder
and chest. Be sure the belt is not twisted. If the belt
is twisted, remove the twist. Insert the tongue into
the proper buckle for your seating position until you
hear a snap and feel it latch. Make sure the tongue
is securely fastened to the buckle by pulling on the
tongue.
The lap belts should fit snugly and as low as
possible around the hips, not around the
waist.
Front and rear seat occupants, including
pregnant women, should wear safety belts
for optimum protection in an accident.
63
Seating and safety restraints
Each seating position in your vehicle has a
specific safety belt assembly which is made
up of one buckle and one tongue that are designed
to be used as a pair. 1) Use the shoulder belt on
the outside shoulder only. Never wear the shoulder
belt under the arm. 2) Never swing it around your
neck over the inside shoulder. 3) Never use a
single belt for more than one person.
Due to folding rear seats, sometimes the buckles and
tongues toward the center of the vehicle may be
hidden by the rear edge of the seat cushion. Pull
them out so they will be accessible.
While you are fastened in the seat belt, the shoulder
belt adjusts to your movement. However, if you
brake hard, turn hard or your vehicle receives an
impact of 8 km/h (5 mph) or more, the safety belt
will become locked and help reduce your forward
movement.
To unfasten the belt, push the red release button on
the end of the buckle. This allows the tongue to
unlatch from the buckle. While the belt retracts,
guide the tongue to its original position to prevent it
from striking you or the vehicle.
Safety belt extension assembly
If the safety belt assembly is too short, even when
fully extended, 20 cm (8 inches) can be added to
the safety belt assembly by adding a safety belt
extension assembly (part number 611C22). Safety
belt extension assemblies can be obtained from your
dealer at no cost.
Use only extensions manufactured by the same
supplier as the safety belt. Manufacturer
identification is located at the end of the webbing on
the label. Also, use the safety belt extension only if
the safety belt is too short for you when fully
extended. Do not use extensions to change the fit of
the shoulder belt across the torso.
64
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt warning light and indicator chime
The seat belt warning light illuminates in the
instrument cluster and a chime sounds to remind
the occupants to fasten their safety belts.
Conditions of operation
If...
The driver’s safety belt
is not buckled before
the ignition switch is
turned to the ON
position...
Then...
The safety belt warning
light illuminates for one
to two minutes and the
warning chime sounds
for four to eight
seconds.
The safety belt warning
light and warning chime
turn off.
The driver’s safety belt
is buckled while the
indicator light is
illuminated and the
warning chime is
sounding...
The driver’s safety belt
The safety belt warning
is buckled before the
light and indicator chime
ignition switch is turned remain off.
to the ON position...
65
Seating and safety restraints
Safety belt maintenance
Inspect the safety belt systems periodically to make
sure they work properly and are not damaged.
Inspect the safety belts to make sure there are no
nicks, wears or cuts, replacing if necessary. All
safety belt assemblies, including retractors, buckles,
front seat belt buckle assemblies (slide bar)
(if equipped), shoulder belt height adjusters
(if equipped), child safety seat tether bracket
assemblies (if equipped), and attaching hardware,
should be inspected after a collision. Ford
recommends that all safety belt assemblies used in
vehicles involved in a collision be replaced. However,
if the collision was minor and a qualified technician
finds that the belts do not show damage and
continue to operate properly, they do not need to be
replaced. Safety belt assemblies not in use during a
collision should also be inspected and replaced if
either damage or improper operation is noted.
Failure to inspect and if necessary replace
the safety belt asembly under the above
conditions could result in severe personal injuries
in the event of a collision.
Refer to Cleaning and maintaining the safety
belts in the Maintenance and care section.
AIR BAG SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM
(SRS)
F
40
H
10
THEFT
+
90
0 00000
100
180
MPH
2
140
20
P
km/h
R N D 2 1
4
3
100
60
20
C
LOW
COOLANT
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
30
FUEL DOOR>
E
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
5
RPMx1000
6
1
7
110
120
0 O/D
OFF
PREMIUM UNLEADED
FUEL RECOMMENDED
REAR
LAMP
OUT
ABS
8
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
FM 12
AMC
AM
H
ST
M
w
BL
RF
FM
BASS
TREB
VOL
PUSH-ON
REW
EJECT
SEEK
FF
BAL
SCAN
TUNE
1
3
2
4
5
TAPE SIDE
6
FADE
TAPE
R-DEF
OFF
VENT
LO
A/C
HI
66
w
MAX
A/C
Seating and safety restraints
Important supplemental restraint system (SRS)
precautions
The supplemental
restraint system is
designed to work with
the safety belt to help
protect the driver and
right front passenger
from certain upper
body injuries.
Air bags DO NOT
inflate slowly or gently
and the risk of injury
from a deploying air bag is greatest close to the trim
covering the air bag module.
All occupants of the vehicle including the
driver should always properly wear their
safety belts even when air bag SRS is provided.
Always transport children 12 years old and
under in the back seat and always use
appropriate child restraints.
NHTSA recommends a minimum distance of
at least 25.4 cm (ten [10] inches) between
an occupant’s chest and the air bag module.
67
Seating and safety restraints
Steps you can take to properly position yourself
away from the airbag:
• Move your seat to the rear as far as you can while
still reaching the pedals comfortably.
• Recline the seat one or two notches from the
upright position.
The right front passenger air bag is not
designed to restrain occupants in the center
front seating position.
Do not put anything on or over the air bag
module. Placing objects on or over the air
bag inflation area may cause those objects to be
propelled by the air bag into your face and torso
causing serious injury.
Do not attempt to service, repair, or modify
the Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System
or its fuses. See your Ford or Lincoln-Mercury
dealer.
68
Seating and safety restraints
Children and air bags
For additional
important safety
information, read all
information on safety
restraints in this guide.
Children must always
be properly restrained.
Accident statistics
suggest that children
are safer when
properly restrained in
the rear seating
positions than in the front seating position. Failure
to follow these instructions may increase the risk of
injury in a collision.
Air bags can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. NEVER place a rear-facing child seat
in front of an active air bag. If you must use a
forward-facing child seat in the front seat, move
the seat all the way back.
69
Seating and safety restraints
How does the air bag supplemental restraint
system work?
The air bag SRS is
designed to activate
when the vehicle
sustains sufficient
longitudinal
deceleration sufficient
to cause the sensors to
close an electrical
circuit that initiates air
bag inflation.
The fact that the air bags did not inflate in a
collision does not mean that something is wrong
with the system. Rather, it means the forces were
not of the type sufficient to cause activation. Air
bags are designed to inflate in frontal and
near-frontal collisions, not rollover, side-impact, or
rear-impacts.
The air bags inflate and
deflate rapidly upon
activation. After air bag
deployment, it is
normal to notice a
smoke-like, powdery
residue or smell the
burnt propellant. This
may consist of
cornstarch, talcum
powder (to lubricate
the bag) or sodium
compounds (e.g., baking soda) that result from the
combustion process that inflates the air bag. Small
amounts of sodium hydroxide may be present which
may irritate the skin and eyes, but none of the
residue is toxic.
While the system is designed to help reduce serious
injuries, it may also cause minor burns, abrasions,
70
Seating and safety restraints
swelling or temporary hearing loss. Because air bags
must inflate rapidly and with considerable force,
there is the risk of death or serious injuries such as
fractures, facial and eye injuries or internal injuries,
particularly to occupants who are not properly
restrained or are otherwise out of position at the
time of air bag deployment. Thus, it is extremely
important that occupants be properly restrained as
far away from the air bag module as possible while
maintaining vehicle control.
Several air bag system components get hot
after inflation. Do not touch them after
inflation.
If the air bag is inflated, the air bag will
not function again and must be replaced
immediately. If the air bag is not replaced, the
unrepaired area will increase the risk of injury in a
collision.
The SRS consists of:
• driver and passenger air bag modules (which
include the inflators and air bags),
• one or more impact and safing sensors,
• a readiness light and tone
• and the electrical wiring which connects the
components.
The diagnostic module monitors its own internal
circuits and the supplemental air bag electrical
system warning (including the impact sensors), the
system wiring, the air bag system readiness light, the
air bag back up power and the air bag ignitors.
71
Seating and safety restraints
Determining if the system is operational
The SRS uses a readiness light in the instrument
cluster or a tone to indicate the condition of the
system. Refer to the Air bag readiness section in
the Instrumentation chapter. Routine maintenance
of the air bag is not required.
A difficulty with the system is indicated by one or
more of the following:
• The readiness light
will either flash or
stay lit.
• The readiness light
will not illuminate immediately after ignition is
turned on.
• A series of five beeps will be heard. The tone
pattern will repeat periodically until the problem
and light are repaired.
If any of these things happen, even intermittently,
have the SRS serviced at your dealership or by a
qualified technician immediately. Unless serviced,
the system may not function properly in the event of
a collision.
Disposal of air bags and air bag equipped
vehicles
For disposal of air bags or air bag equipped vehicles,
see your local dealership or qualified technician. Air
bags MUST BE disposed of by qualified personnel.
SAFETY RESTRAINTS FOR CHILDREN
See the following sections for directions on how to
properly use safety restraints for children. Also see
Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) in
this chapter for special instructions about using air
bags.
Important child restraint precautions
You are required by law to use safety restraints for
children in the U.S. and Canada. If small children
72
Seating and safety restraints
ride in your vehicle (generally children who are four
years old or younger and who weigh 18 kg [40 lbs]
or less), you must put them in safety seats made
especially for children. Check your local and state or
provincial laws for specific requirements regarding
the safety of children in your vehicle.
Never let a passenger hold a child on his or
her lap while the vehicle is moving. The
passenger cannot protect the child from injury in a
collision.
Always follow the instructions and warnings that
come with any infant or child restraint you might
use.
When possible, place children in the rear seat of
your vehicle. Accident statistics suggest that
children are safer when properly restrained in the
rear seating positions than in the front seating
position.
Children and safety belts
If the child is the proper size, restrain the child in a
safety seat.
Children who are too large for child safety seats (as
specified by your child safety seat manufacturer)
should always wear safety belts.
Follow all the important safety restraint and air bag
precautions that apply to adult passengers in your
vehicle.
If the shoulder belt portion of a combination lap and
shoulder belt can be positioned so it does not cross
or rest in front of the child’s face or neck, the child
should wear the lap and shoulder belt. Moving the
child closer to the center of the vehicle may help
provide a good shoulder belt fit.
73
Seating and safety restraints
Do not leave children, unreliable adults, or
pets unattended in your vehicle.
To improve the fit of lap and shoulder belts on
children who have outgrown child safety seats, Ford
recommends use of a belt-positioning booster seat
that is labelled as conforming to all Federal motor
vehicle safety standards. Belt-positioning booster
seats raise the child and provide a shorter, firmer
seating cushion that encourages safer seating
posture and better fit of lap and shoulder belts on
the child.
A belt-positioning booster should be used if the
shoulder belt rests in front of the child’s face or
neck, or if the lap belt does not fit snugly on both
thighs, or if the thighs are too short to let the child
sit all the way back on the seat cushion when the
lower legs hang over the edge of the seat cushion.
You may wish to discuss the special needs of your
child with your pediatrician.
SAFETY SEATS FOR CHILDREN
Child and infant or child safety seats
Use a safety seat that is recommended for the size
and weight of the child. Carefully follow all of the
manufacturer’s instructions with the safety seat you
74
Seating and safety restraints
put in your vehicle. If you do not install and use the
safety seat properly, the child may be injured in a
sudden stop or collision.
When installing a child safety seat:
• Use the correct
safety belt buckle
for that seating
position.
• Insert the belt
tongue into the
proper buckle until
you hear a snap and
feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely
fastened in the buckle.
• Keep the buckle release button pointing up and
away from the safety seat, with the tongue
between the child seat and the release button, to
prevent accidental unbuckling.
• Place seat back in upright position.
• Put the safety belt in the automatic locking mode.
Refer to Automatic locking mode.
Ford recommends the use of a child safety seat
having a top tether strap. Install the child safety seat
in a seating position which is capable of providing a
tether anchorage. For more information on top
tether straps, refer to Attaching safety seats with
tether straps.
Carefully follow all of the manufacturer’s
instructions included with the safety seat
you put in your vehicle. If you do not install and
use the safety seat properly, the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
75
Seating and safety restraints
Installing child safety seats in combination lap
and shoulder belt seating positions
1. Position the child
safety seat in a seat
with a combination lap
and shoulder belt.
An air bag can kill or injure a child in a child
seat. If you must use a forward-facing child
seat in the front seat, move seat all the way back.
Rear facing child seats should NEVER be
placed in the front seats.
2. Pull down on the
shoulder belt and then
grasp the shoulder belt
and lap belt together.
3. While holding the
shoulder and lap belt
portions together, route
the tongue through the
child seat according to
the child seat
manufacturer’s
instructions. Be sure
the belt webbing is not
twisted.
76
Seating and safety restraints
4. Insert the belt
tongue into the proper
buckle for that seating
position until you hear
and feel the latch
engage. Make sure the
tongue is latched
securely by pulling on
it.
5. To put the retractor
in the automatic
locking mode, grasp
the shoulder portion of
the belt and pull
downward until all of
the belt is extracted
and a click is heard.
S
ES
PR
6. Allow the belt to retract. The belt will click as it
retracts to indicate it is in the automatic locking
mode.
7. Pull the lap belt
portion across the child
seat toward the buckle
and pull up on the
shoulder belt while
pushing down with
your knee on the child
seat.
8. Allow the safety belt
to retract to remove
any slack in the belt.
9. Before placing the
child in the seat,
forcibly tilt the seat
forward and back to
make sure the seat is
securely held in place.
77
Seating and safety restraints
10. Try to pull the belt out of the retractor to make
sure the retractor is in the automatic locking mode
(you should not be able to pull more belt out). If the
retractor is not locked, unbuckle the belt and repeat
steps two through nine.
Check to make sure the child seat is properly
secured before each use.
Installing a child safety seat in the center rear
seating position with adjustable lap belt
1. Lengthen the lap belt. To lengthen the belt, hold
the tongue so that its bottom is perpendicular to the
direction of webbing while sliding the tongue up the
webbing.
2. Place the child safety seat in the center seating
position.
3. Route the tongue and webbing through the child
seat according to the child seat manufacturer’s
instructions.
4. Insert the belt tongue into the proper buckle for
the center seating position until you hear a snap and
feel it latch. Make sure the tongue is securely
fastened to the buckle by pulling on tongue.
5. Push down on the child seat while pulling on the
loose end of the lap belt webbing to tighten the belt.
6. Before placing the child into the child seat,
forcibly tilt the child seat from side to side and in
forward direction to make sure that the seat is held
securely in place. If the child seat moves excessively,
repeat steps 5 through 6, or properly install the
child seat in a different position.
Attaching safety seats with tether straps
Some manufacturers make safety seats that include
a tether strap that goes over the back of the vehicle
seat and attaches to an anchoring point. Other
manufacturers offer the tether strap as an accessory.
Contact the manufacturer of your child safety seat
for information about ordering a tether strap.
78
Seating and safety restraints
Tether anchorage hardware
Attachment holes (at each rear outboard seating
position) have been provided in your vehicle to
attach anchor hardware, if required. Tether
anchorage hardware kits (part number 613D74)
including instructions, may be obtained at no charge
from any Ford or Lincoln-Mercury dealer. All
vehicles built for sale in Canada include a tether
anchor hardware kit.
Be sure to follow the child safety seat
manufacturer’s instructions.
Tighten the anchor according to
specifications. Otherwise, the safety seat
may not be properly secured and the child may be
injured in a sudden stop or collision.
If you have a station wagon, tether anchors are
already installed for each of the second row seating
positions.
1. Behind the second
seat, find the plastic
snap-on covers for the
floor anchors.
2. Use a screwdriver or
coin to snap the covers
off the anchor in a
rearward and upward
direction. Remove the
covers completely.
3. Snap the tether strap hook onto the U-shaped
tether anchor.
79
Seating and safety restraints
BUILT-IN CHILD SEATS
Built-in child safety seat (if equipped)
The rear seat may include a built-in child seat. This
child seat conforms to all Federal and local motor
vehicle safety standards. Read the labels located on
the child seat cushion and shoulder belt for
information on the built-in child seat.
Use the built-in child seat only if the child is at least
9 months old, weighs 9–27 kg (20–60 lb) and the
child’s shoulders (top) are below the shoulder
harness slots in the built-in child seat.
Children not meeting these requirements should be
secured in an approved aftermarket seat. Refer to
Children and infant or child safety seats in this
chapter.
Built-in child seat retractors
The belts on built-in child seats are equipped with a
retractor that locks when both tongues are latched
into the crotch safety belt buckle. The retractor will
automatically snug the belts around the child. If the
belts do not remain snug, take the vehicle to the
dealer for child seat repair. The belts will not snug
during a collision.
Placing your child in the built-in child seat
Failure to follow all of the instructions on
the use of this child restraint system can
result in your child striking the vehicle’s interior
during a sudden stop or crash.
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Seating and safety restraints
Never use the Built-In Child Seat as a
booster cushion with the adult safety belts.
A child using the adult belts could slide forward
and out from under the safety belts.
The rear seatback must be fully locked
before operating the child restraint system.
1. Grasp the child seat
at the top of the
seatback and pull the
top forward to release
the latch.
2. Continue to unfold
the child seat until it
rests on the seat.
81
Seating and safety restraints
3. Read all information
and warnings on the
child seat cushion and
shoulder safety belt.
Make sure the child is
not too large for the
child seat.
4. If connected, squeeze the top and the bottom of
the right half of the chest clip and pull to separate
both halves.
5. Place the child on the child seat and position the
shoulder belts over each shoulder.
6. Insert either the left
or the right safety belt
tongue into the single
opening of the crotch
safety belt buckle (it
doesn’t matter which
tongue is inserted
first). Insert other
tongue. The color
green must appear in the indicator window on the
crotch safety belt buckle when buckled. Allow belts
to retract and fit snugly.
7. Fasten both halves
of the chest clip below
the child’s shoulders
and adjust it to
comfortably hold the shoulder belts in place on the
child’s chest. The color green must appear in the
indicator window when fastened.
8. Pull the shoulder belts toward you to make sure
the crotch safety belt buckle is properly fastened
and the retractor is locked.
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Seating and safety restraints
9. If the belts become too tight, unbuckle the crotch
safety belt buckle to unlock the retractors, then
reinsert both belt tongues.
Removing your child from the built-in child seat
1. Squeeze the tabs on the top and the bottom of
the chest clip and pull the halves apart to open the
chest clip.
2. Press the release button on the crotch safety belt
buckle.
3. Slide the shoulder belts off the child’s shoulders
and remove the child.
To stow the built-in child seat
Return the child seat
cushion to the upright
position, then press
firmly in the center and
top of the child seat.
Inspecting the built-in child seat after a collision
Inspect all built-in child restraints, including seats,
buckles, retractors, seat latches. Interlocks and
attaching hardware should be inspected by a
qualified technician after any collision. If the child
seat was in use during a collision, Ford recommends
replacing it. Built-in child restraints not in use
during a collision should be inspected and replaced
if either damage or improper operation is noted.
83
Starting
PREPARING TO START YOUR VEHICLE
Engine starting is controlled by the ignition system.
This system meets all Canadian Interference-Causing
Equipment standard requirements regulating the
impulse electrical field strength of radio noise.
When starting a fuel-injected engine, avoid pressing
the accelerator before or during starting. Only use
the accelerator when you have difficulty starting the
engine. For more information on starting the vehicle,
refer to Starting the engine in this chapter.
Extended idling at high engine speeds can
produce very high temperatures in the
engine and exhaust system, creating the risk of
fire or other damage.
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Do not start your vehicle in a closed garage
or in other enclosed areas. Exhaust fumes
can be toxic. Always open the garage door before
you start the engine. See Guarding against
exhaust fumes in this chapter for more
instructions.
84
Starting
If you smell exhaust fumes inside your
vehicle, have your dealer inspect your
vehicle immediately. Do not drive if you smell
exhaust fumes.
Important safety precautions
A computer system controls the engine’s idle
revolutions per minute (RPM). When the engine
starts, the idle RPM runs faster to warm the engine.
If the engine idle speed does not slow down
automatically, have the vehicle checked. Do not
allow the vehicle to idle for more than ten minutes.
Before starting the vehicle:
1. Make sure all vehicle occupants have buckled
their safety belts. For more information on safety
belts and their proper usage, refer to the Seating
and safety restraints chapter.
2. Make sure the headlamps and vehicle accessories
are off.
3. Make sure the
parking brake is set.
4. Make sure the
gearshift is in P (Park).
P R
N D
D
1
85
Starting
5. Turn the key to 4
(ON) without turning
the key to 5 (START).
3
2
4
1
5
F
0 00000
20
C
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
10
THEFT
4
RPMx1000
100
6
1
180
P
5
2
140
20
MPH
LOW
COOLANT
3
90
60
E
+
100
30
FUEL DOOR>
–
60
70
50
0 0 0 0
80
40
H
km/h
R N D 2 1
110
120
0
O/D
OFF
UNLEADED FUEL ONLY
ABS
7
!
P
BRAKE
CRUISE
Make sure the corresponding lights illuminate
briefly. If a light fails to illuminate, have the vehicle
serviced.
• If the driver’s safety belt is fastened, the light
( ) will not illuminate.
STARTING THE ENGINE
1. Turn the key to 5
(START) without
pressing the
accelerator pedal and
release as soon as the
engine starts. The key
will return to 4 (ON).
2
1
3
4
5
2. If the temperature is above –12° C (10° F) and
the engine does not start within five seconds on the
first try, turn the key to OFF, wait ten seconds and
try again.
3. If the temperature is below -12°C (10°F) and the
engine does not start in fifteen seconds on the first
try, turn the key OFF and wait ten seconds and try
86
Starting
again. If the engine does not start in two attempts,
depress the accelerator and start the engine while
holding the accelerator down to the floor. Release
the accelerator when the engine starts.
4. After idling for a few seconds, apply the brake
and release the parking brake.
Using the engine block heater (if equipped)
An engine block heater warms the engine coolant,
which improves starting, warms up the engine faster
and allows the heater-defroster system to respond
quickly. Use of an engine block heater is strongly
recommended if you live in a region where
temperatures reach -23°C (-10°F) or below.
For best results, plug the heater in at least three
hours before starting the vehicle. Using the heater
for longer than three hours will not harm the engine,
so the heater can be plugged in the night before
starting the vehicle.
To prevent electrical shock, do not use your
heater with ungrounded electrical systems
or two-pronged (cheater) adapters.
Guarding against exhaust fumes
Although odorless and colorless, carbon monoxide is
present in exhaust fumes. Take precautions to avoid
its dangerous effects.
If you ever smell exhaust fumes of any kind
inside your vehicle, have your dealer inspect
and fix your vehicle immediately. Do not drive if
you smell exhaust fumes. These fumes are harmful
and could kill you.
87
Starting
Have the exhaust and body ventilation systems
checked whenever:
• the vehicle is raised for service.
• the sound of the exhaust system changes.
• the vehicle has been damaged in a collision.
Engine exhaust, some of its constituents,
and certain vehicle components contain or
emit chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, and birth defects or other
reproductive harm.
Important ventilating information
If the engine is idling while the vehicle is stopped in
an open area for long periods of time, open the
windows at least 2.5 cm (one inch).
Adjust the heating or air conditioning (if equipped)
to bring in fresh air.
Improve vehicle
ventilation by keeping
all air inlet vents clear
of snow, leaves and
other debris.
88
Driving
BRAKES
Your brakes are self-adjusting. Refer to the “Service
Guide” for scheduled maintenance.
Occasional brake noise is normal and often does not
indicate a performance concern with the vehicle’s
brake system. In normal operation, automotive brake
systems may emit occasional or intermittent squeal
or groan noises when the brakes are applied. Such
noises are usually heard during the first few brake
applications in the morning; however, they may be
heard at any time while braking and can be
aggravated by environmental conditions such as
cold, heat, moisture, road dust, salt or mud. If a
“metal-to-metal,” “continuous grinding” or
“continuous squeal” sound is present while braking,
the brake linings may be worn-out and should be
inspected by a qualified service technician.
Anti-lock brake system (ABS) (if equipped)
On vehicles equipped with an anti-lock braking
system (ABS), a noise from the hydraulic pump
motor and pulsation in the pedal may be observed
during ABS braking events. Pedal pulsation coupled
with noise while braking under panic conditions or
on loose gravel, bumps, wet or snowy roads is
normal and indicates proper functioning of the
vehicle’s anti-lock brake system. If the vehicle has
continuous vibration or shudder in the steering
wheel while braking, the vehicle should be inspected
by a qualified service technician.
89
Driving
The ABS operates by
detecting the onset of
wheel lockup during
brake applications
and compensating for
this tendency. The
wheels are prevented
from locking even
when the brakes are firmly applied. The
accompanying illustration depicts the advantage of
an ABS equipped vehicle (on bottom) to a non-ABS
equipped vehicle (on top) during hard braking with
loss of front braking traction.
ABS warning lamp
The ABS warning lamp
!
P
in the instrument
cluster momentarily
BRAKE
illuminates when the
ignition is turned on and the engine is off. If the
light does not illuminate momentarily at start up,
remains on or continues to flash, the ABS needs to
be serviced. With the ABS light on, the anti-lock
brake system is disabled and normal braking is still
effective unless the brake warning light also remains
illuminated with parking brake released. (If your
brake warning lamp illuminates, have your vehicle
serviced immediately).
Using ABS
• In an emergency or when maximum efficiency
from the ABS is required, apply continuous full
force on the brake. The ABS will be activated
immediately, thus allowing you to retain full
steering control of your vehicle and, providing
there is sufficient space, will enable you to avoid
obstacles and bring the vehicle to a controlled
stop.
• The Anti-Lock system does not decrease the time
necessary to apply the brakes or always reduce
90
Driving
stopping distance. Always leave enough room
between your vehicle and the vehicle in front of
you to stop.
• We recommend that you familiarize yourself with
this braking technique. However, avoid taking any
unnecessary risks.
Parking brake
Apply the parking
brake whenever the
vehicle is parked. To
set the parking brake,
press the parking brake
pedal down until the
pedal stops.
The BRAKE warning
!
P
lamp in the instrument
cluster illuminates and
BRAKE
remains illuminated
(when the ignition is turned ON) until the parking
brake is released.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure that the gearshift is securely latched in
P (Park).
The parking brake is not designed to stop a moving
vehicle. However, if the normal brakes fail, the
parking brake can be used to stop your vehicle in an
emergency. Since the parking brake applies only the
rear brakes, the vehicle’s stopping distance will
increase greatly and the handling of your vehicle will
be adversely affected.
91
Driving
Pull the release lever
to release the brake.
Driving with the
parking brake on will
cause the brakes to
wear out quickly and
reduce fuel economy.
STEERING
Your vehicle is equipped with power steering. Power
steering uses energy from the engine to help steer
the vehicle.
To prevent damage to the power steering pump:
• Never hold the steering wheel to the extreme
right or the extreme left for more than a few
seconds when the engine is running.
• Do not operate the vehicle with a low power
steering pump fluid level.
If the power steering system breaks down (or if the
engine is turned off), you can steer the vehicle
manually, but it takes more effort.
If the steering wanders or pulls, the condition could
be caused by any of the following:
• underinflated tire(s) on any wheel(s)
• high crown in center of road
• high crosswinds
• wheels out of alignment
• loose or worn components in steering linkage
92
Driving
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE OPERATION
Brake-shift interlock
This vehicle is equipped with a brake-shift interlock
feature that prevents the gearshift from being moved
from P (Park) unless the brake pedal is pressed.
If you cannot move the gearshift out of P (Park)
with the brake pedal depressed:
1. Apply the parking brake, turn ignition key to
LOCK, then remove the key.
2. Insert the key and turn it to OFF. Apply the brake
pedal and shift to N (Neutral).
3. Start the vehicle.
If it is necessary to use the above procedure to
move the gearshift, it is possible that a fuse has
blown and the vehicle’s brakelamps may not be
operating properly. Refer to Fuses and relays in the
Roadside emergencies chapter.
Do not drive your vehicle until you verify
that the brakelamps are working.
If your vehicle gets stuck in mud or snow it may be
rocked out by shifting from forward and reverse
gears, stopping between shifts, in a steady pattern.
Press lightly on the accelerator in each gear. Do not
rock the vehicle for more than a few minutes,
because it could damage the vehicle.
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure the gearshift is latched in P (Park).
Turn off the ignition whenever you leave your
vehicle.
93
Driving
Driving with an automatic overdrive transaxle
(column or console gearshift without O/D off
switch)
Your automatic
overdrive transaxle
provides fully
automatic operation in
(Overdrive)
either
or D (Drive). Driving
with the shift selector
in
gives the best
fuel economy for
normal driving conditions. For manual control start
in 1 (First) and then shift manually.
If your vehicle is
equipped with a
console mounted
gearshift, you must
press the thumb button
on the side of the
gearshift to move the
gearshift from P
(Park).
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress
the brake pedal, then move gearshift out of P
(Park).
Hold the brake pedal down while you move
the gearshift lever from position to position.
If you do not hold the brake pedal down, your
vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure
someone.
94
Driving
Driving with an automatic overdrive transaxle
(column or console gearshift with O/D off
switch)
Your automatic
overdrive transaxle
provides fully
automatic operation in
either D (Overdrive) or
with the O/D OFF
switch depressed.
Driving with the shift
selector in D
(Overdrive) gives the
best fuel economy for
normal driving
conditions. For manual
control start in 1
(First) and then shift
manually.
If your vehicle is
equipped with a
console mounted
gearshift, you must
press the thumb button
on the side of the
gearshift to move the
gearshift from P
(Park).
To put your vehicle in gear, start the engine, depress
the brake pedal, then move gearshift out of P
(Park).
95
Driving
Understanding gearshift positions
P (Park)
Always come to a
complete stop before
shifting into P (Park).
Make sure the gearshift
is securely latched in P
(Park). This locks the
transaxle and prevent
the front wheels from
rotating.
P
R
N
D
D
P
R N D 2 1
1
Always set the parking brake fully and make
sure the gearshift is securely latched in P
(Park).
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it
is running.
R (Reverse)
With the gearshift in R
(Reverse), the vehicle
will move backward.
You should always
come to a complete
stop before shifting
into and out of R
(Reverse).
96
Driving
N (Neutral)
With the gearshift in
the N (Neutral)
position, the vehicle
can be started and is
free to roll. Hold the
brake pedal down
while in this position.
(Overdrive — column shift without O/D OFF
switch) or D (Overdrive — column or console
mounted gearshift with O/D off switch)
The overdrive position
is the normal driving
position for an
automatic overdrive
transaxle. It works the
same way as
(Overdrive) or D
(Drive — with the O/D
OFF switch not
depressed) works, but
shifts to a fourth gear
— an overdrive gear —
when your vehicle
cruises at a constant speed for any length of time.
This fourth gear will increase your fuel economy
when you travel at cruising speeds.
Overdrive may not be appropriate for certain
terrains. If the transaxle shifts back and forth
between third and fourth gears while you are driving
hilly roads or if your vehicle requires additional
power for climbing hills, shift into D (Drive) or press
the O/D OFF switch (if equipped).
97
Driving
If the O/D OFF indicator light (if equipped) is
flashing on and off when the vehicle is started or
does not come on when the O/D OFF switch is
pressed, it means there is a malfunction in your
transaxle’s electronic system. Contact your dealer as
soon as possible or damage to the transaxle may
occur.
Each time the vehicle is started, the transaxle will
automatically return to normal overdrive mode.
When to use D (Drive) or press the O/D OFF
switch (if equipped)
You will notice that
there is only one drive
position on your
gearshift indicator
(instead of Drive and
Overdrive). However,
you will find a control
labeled O/D located on
the gearshift lever.
Push in the switch and
the O/D OFF light in
the instrument cluster
will illuminate. With
the O/D OFF light
illuminated, the
transaxle will operate
in first, second and
third gears and will not shift into fourth gear.
Operating in D (O/D OFF) provides more engine
braking than Overdrive for descending hills or city
driving.
To return the transaxle to the normal Overdrive
operation, press the O/D OFF control again. Use this
control to select Overdrive or D (O/D OFF)
whenever you drive your vehicle.
98
Driving
If the O/D OFF indicator light is flashing on and off
repeatedly when the vehicle is started or does not
come on when the O/D OFF control is pressed, it
means that there is a transaxle electronic system
malfunction. You should contact your dealer as soon
as possible or damage to the transaxle could occur.
2 (Second - if equipped)
Use 2 (Second) for
start-up on slippery
roads or to give you
more engine braking to
slow your vehicle on
downgrades.
1 (First)
Use 1 (First) for when
added engine braking
is desired when
descending steep hills.
The automatic
transaxle will shift to
the proper gear to
ascend any grade
without any need to
shift to 1 (First).
Do not go faster than 61 km/h (38 mph) when in
this gear. You can upshift from 1 (First) to overdrive
at any time.
99
Driving
When parking, do not use the gearshift in
place of the parking brake. Always set the
parking brake fully and make sure that the
gearshift is securely latched in Park (P). Turn off
the ignition whenever you leave your vehicle.
Never leave your vehicle unattended while it is
running. If you do not take these precautions, your
vehicle may move unexpectedly and injure
someone.
VEHICLE LOADING
Before loading a vehicle, familiarize yourself with the
following terms:
• Base Curb Weight : Weight of the vehicle
including any standard equipment, fluids,
lubricants, etc. It does not include passengers or
aftermarket equipment.
• Payload : Combined maximum allowable weight
of cargo, passengers and optional equipment. The
payload equals the gross vehicle weight rating
minus base curb weight.
• GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) : Base curb
weight plus payload weight. The GVW is not a
limit or a specification.
• GVWR (Gross Vehicle Weight Rating) :
Maximum total weight of the base vehicle,
passengers, optional equipment and cargo. The
GVWR is specific to each vehicle and is listed on
the Safety Compliance Label on the driver’s door
pillar.
• GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) : Carrying
capacity for each axle system. The GAWR is
specific to each vehicle and is listed on the Safety
Compliance Label on the driver’s door pillar.
• GCWR (Gross Combined Weight Rating) :
Maximum combined weight of towing vehicle
100
Driving
(including passengers and cargo) and the trailer.
The GCWR indicates the maximum loaded weight
that the vehicle is designed to tow.
• Maximum Trailer Weight Rating : Maximum
weight of a trailer the vehicle is permitted to tow.
The maximum trailer weight rating is determined
by subtracting the vehicle curb weight for each
engine/transmission combination, any required
option weight for trailer towing and the weight of
the driver from the GCWR for the towing vehicle.
• Maximum Trailer Weight : maximum weight of
a trailer the loaded vehicle (including passengers
and cargo) is permitted to tow. It is determined
by subtracting the weight of the loaded trailer
towing vehicle from the GCWR for the towing
vehicle.
• Trailer Weight Range : Specified weight range
that the trailer must fall within that ranges from
zero to the maximum trailer weight rating.
Remember to figure in the tongue load of your
loaded trailer when figuring the total weight.
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label.
Do not use replacement tires with lower load
carrying capacities than the originals because they
may lower the vehicle’s GVWR and GAWR
limitations. Replacement tires with a higher limit
than the originals do not increase the GVWR and
GAWR limitations.
101
Driving
DRIVING THROUGH WATER
Do not drive quickly through standing water,
especially if the depth is unknown. Traction or brake
capability may be limited and if the ignition system
gets wet, your engine may stall. Water may also
enter your engine’s air intake and severely damage
your engine.
If driving through deep or standing water is
unavoidable, proceed very slowly. Never drive
through water that is higher than the bottom of the
hubs (truck)/wheel rims (car).
Once through the water, always try the brakes. Wet
brakes do not stop the vehicle as effectively as dry
brakes. Drying can be improved by moving your
vehicle slowly while applying light pressure on the
brake pedal.
TRAILER TOWING
Your vehicle is classified as a light duty towing
vehicle. The amount of weight you can safely tow
depends on the type of engine you have in your
vehicle. Your vehicle does not come from the factory
fully equipped to tow. No towing packages are
available through Ford or Mercury/Lincoln dealers.
Do not tow a trailer until your vehicle has been
driven at least 800 km (500 miles). If towing with a
station wagon, inflate the rear tires to 35 psi.
Towing a trailer places an additional load on your
vehicle’s engine, transaxle, brakes, tires and
suspension. Inspect these components carefully after
towing.
The amount of weight that you can tow depends on
the type of engine in your vehicle. See the following
charts:
102
Driving
Model
Sedan
Wagon
3.0L 2-Valve Vulcan Engine
Passenger Luggage
Max Trailer
Load-#/kg
Load-kg
Wt.-kg
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
5/340 (750) 0
365 (800)
4/270 (600) 70 (150)
365 (800)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
500 (1 100)
2/135 (300) 0
565 (1 250)
4/270 (600) 0
365 (800)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
430 (950)
2/135 (300) 0
500 (1 100)
The above chart is based on the specified vehicle at
a maximum GCW (Vehicle weight + Trailer weight)
equal to 2 245 kg (4 950 lbs.).
Model
Sedan
Wagon
3.0L 4-Valve Duratec Engine
Passenger Luggage
Max Trailer
Load-#/kg
Load-kg
Wt.-kg
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
(lbs.)
5/340 (750) 0
590 (1 300)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
725 (1 600)
2/135 (300) 0
795 (1 750)
5/340 (750) 70 (150)
455 (1 000)
2/135 (300) 70 (150)
660 (1450)
2/135 (300) 0
725 (1 600)
The above chart is based on the specified vehicle at
a maximum GCW (Vehicle weight + Trailer weight)
equal to 2 470 kg (5 450 lbs.).
Do not exceed the GVWR or the GAWR
specified on the Safety Compliance
Certification Label.
103
Driving
Towing trailers beyond the maximum
recommended gross trailer weight exceeds
the limit of the vehicle and could result in engine
damage, transaxle damage, structural damage, loss
of control, and personal injury.
Preparing to tow
Use the proper equipment for towing a trailer, and
make sure it is properly attached to your vehicle.
See your dealer or a reliable trailer dealer if you
require assistance.
Hitches
Do not use hitches that clamp onto the vehicle
bumper. Use a load carrying hitch. You must
distribute the load in your trailer so that 10 – 15%
of the total weight of the trailer is on the tongue.
Safety chains
Always connect the trailer’s safety chains to the
vehicle. To connect the trailer’s safety chains, cross
the chains under the trailer tongue and allow slack
for turning corners.
If you use a rental trailer, follow the instructions that
the rental agency gives to you.
Trailer brakes
Electric brakes and manual, automatic or surge-type
brakes are safe if installed properly and adjusted to
the manufacturer’s specifications. The trailer brakes
must meet local and Federal regulations.
104
Driving
Do not connect a trailer’s hydraulic brake
system directly to your vehicle’s brake
system. Your vehicle may not have enough braking
power and your chances of having a collision
greatly increase.
The braking system of the tow vehicle is rated for
operation at the GVWR not GCWR.
Trailer lamps
Trailer lamps are required on most towed vehicles.
Make sure your trailer lamps conform to local and
Federal regulations. See your dealer or trailer rental
agency for proper instructions and equipment for
hooking up trailer lamps.
Driving while you tow
Do not drive faster than 88 km/h (55 mph) when
towing a trailer. Do not drive faster than 72 km/h
(45 mph) with any weight on the trailer while
towing on a hot day or in hilly country.
Speed control may shut off if you are towing on
long, steep grades.
When towing a trailer:
• Use D (Drive) or a lower gear when towing up or
down steep hills. This will eliminate excessive
downshifting and upshifting for optimum fuel
economy and transaxle cooling.
• Anticipate stops and brake gradually.
105
Driving
Servicing after towing
If you tow a trailer for long distances, your vehicle
will require more frequent service intervals. Refer to
the Severe Duty Schedule in your “Service Guide”
for more information.
Trailer towing tips
• Practice turning, stopping and backing up in an
area before starting on a trip to get the feel of the
vehicle trailer combination. When turning, make
wider turns so the trailer wheels will clear curbs
and other obstacles.
• Allow more distance for stopping with a trailer
attached.
• The trailer tongue weight should be 10–15% of
the loaded trailer weight.
• After you have traveled 80 km (50 miles),
thoroughly check your hitch, electrical
connections and trailer wheel lug nuts.
• When stopped in traffic for long periods of time in
hot weather, place the gearshift in P (Park) and
increase idle speed. This aids engine cooling and
air conditioner efficiency.
• Vehicles with trailers should not be parked on a
grade. If you must park on a grade, place wheel
chocks under the trailer’s wheels.
106
Driving
Towing your vehicle behind another vehicle
At times, you may want to tow your vehicle behind
another vehicle, such as a recreational vehicle, car
or a truck.
Before you have your vehicle towed:
• Release the parking brake.
• Move the gearshift to N (Neutral).
• Turn the key in the ignition to OFF.
• Unlock the steering wheel.
Do not tow your vehicle at a speed faster than 56
km/h (35 mph) or for a distance greater than 80 km
(50 miles), unless the drive wheels are placed on
dollies.
Never use a tow bar that attaches to the
bumper when you tow your vehicle. This
could damage the bumper and cause an accident.
LUGGAGE RACK (IF EQUIPPED)
The rear crossbar can be adjusted to fit the item
being carried. The front crossbar does not move. Do
not load more than 44 kg (100 lbs.) on the luggage
rack.
To adjust cross-bar position:
1. Loosen the
thumbwheel at both
ends of the cross-bar.
2. Slide the cross-bar
to the desired location.
3. Tighten the thumbwheel at both ends of the
cross-bar.
Use adjustable tie down loops to secure the load.
107
Roadside emergencies
HAZARD LIGHTS CONTROL
Use only in an emergency to warn traffic of vehicle
breakdown, approaching danger, etc. The hazard
flashers can be operated when the ignition is off.
• The hazard lights
control is located on
top of the steering
column.
• Depress hazard
lights control to
activate all hazard
flashers
simultaneously.
• Depress control again to turn the flashers off.
FUEL PUMP SHUT-OFF SWITCH
After a collision, if the engine cranks but does not
start, the fuel pump shut-off switch may have been
activated. The shut-off switch is a device intended to
stop the electric fuel pump when your vehicle has
been involved in a substantial jolt.
1. Turn the ignition to the OFF position.
2. Check the fuel system for leaks.
3. If no fuel leak is apparent, reset the fuel pump
shut-off switch by pushing in the button on the
switch.
4. Turn the ignition to the ON position. Pause for a
few seconds and return the key to the OFF position.
5. Make a further check for leaks in the fuel system.
108
Roadside emergencies
If your vehicle is a
sedan, the fuel pump
shut-off switch is
located on the right
side of the trunk
behind the trunk liner.
If your vehicle is a
wagon, the fuel pump
shut-off switch is
located behind the
service panel on the
right side of the cargo
area.
FUSES AND RELAYS
Fuses
If electrical
components in the
vehicle are not
15
15
working, a fuse may
have blown. Blown
fuses are identified by a broken wire within the fuse.
Check the appropriate fuses before replacing any
electrical components.
Always replace a fuse with one that has the
specified amperage rating. Using a fuse with
a higher amperage rating can cause severe wire
damage and could start a fire.
109
Roadside emergencies
Standard fuse amperage rating and color
Fuse rating
5 amp
7.5 amp
10 amp
15 amp
20 amp
20 amp fuse link
25 amp
30 amp
30 amp fuse link
40 amp fuse link
50 amp fuse link
60 amp fuse link
80 amp fuse link
100 amp fuse link
Color
Tan
Brown
Red
Light blue
Yellow
Light blue
Natural
Light green
Pink
Green
Red
Yellow
Black
Dark blue
110
4
8
12
16
20
24
28
32
2
1
3
6
5
7
10
9
11
14
13
15
18
17
19
22
21
23
26
25
27
30
29
RELAY 34
RELAY 35
RELAY 37
RELAY
38
31
RELAY
36
RELAY
39
33
Passenger compartment fuse panel
The fuse panel is located below and to the left of
the steering wheel by the brake pedal. Remove the
panel cover to access the fuses.
To remove a fuse use the fuse puller tool provided
on the fuse panel cover.
Roadside emergencies
The fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/
Fuse
Description
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
1
—
Not Used
2
5A
Instrument Illumination
3
10A
Left Low Beam Headlamp
4
10A
Right Low Beam Headlamp
5
5A
Brake Shift Interlock, Rear
Defrost
6
15A
MLPS Switch, Backup Lamps,
Speed Control
7
10A
MLPS Switch, Starter Relay
8
5A
Power Antenna, RCU, GEM
9
10A
ABS
10
20A
PCM Relay, Ignition Coil,
PATS, Radio
11
5A
Instrument Cluster
12
5A
Instrument Cluster, Autolamps,
Transmission Control Switch,
ICP, GEM
13
5A
Air Bag, Blower Motor, EATC
14
5A
Air Suspension
15
10A
Multi-Function Switch (Turn
Signal)
16
—
Not Used
17
30A
Front Wiper/Washer
18
5A
Headlamp Switch
19
15A
Rear Wiper/Washer
20
5A
ICP, RAP, Phone
21
20A
Cigar Lighter
22
5A
Power Mirrors, Power
Antenna, Decklid Lamps,
Autolamp
111
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/
Fuse
Description
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
23
5A
GEM, RAP, PATS
24
5A
ICP, RCC, Speedometer
25
10A
Data Link Connector (DLC)
26
15A
Trunklid
27
10A
Battery Saver Relay
28
15A
Speed Control, Stop Lamp
29
15A
Multi-Function Switch, Hazard
30
15A
High Beams, Daytime Running
Lamps, Instrument Cluster
31
—
Not Used
32
10A
ICP, Heated Mirrors
33
5A
Power Windows, Lock
Illumination
34
—
Battery Saver Relay
35
—
Driver Door Unlock Relay
36
—
Rear Defroster Relay
37
—
Interior Lamp Relay
38
—
One Touch Window Down
Relay
39
—
Accessory Delay Relay
Power distribution box
The power distribution
box is located in the
engine compartment
near the battery. The
power distribution box
contains high-current
fuses that protect your
vehicle’s main electrical
systems from
overloads.
112
Roadside emergencies
Always disconnect the battery before
servicing high current fuses.
Always replace the cover to the Power
Distribution Box before reconnecting the
battery or refilling fluid reservoirs.
34
28
24
16
20
23
15
19
27
17
33
13
21
14
9
11
18
12
22
10
5
3
7
1
8
4
6
2
MEGA-FUSE
25
29
32
26
30
31
175A
The high-current fuses are coded as follows.
Fuse/
Fuse
Description
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
1
40A** Fuse Panel
2
30A** PCM Relay
3
40A** Ignition Switch, Starter Relay
41
30A
Accessory Delay Relay, Power
C.B. Windows
41
30A
Accessory Delay Relay, Power
C.B. Windows, Left/Right Power
Seats
5
40A** Ignition Switch
61
30A** Left/Right Power Seats
61
—
Not Used
113
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/
Fuse
Description
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
7
40A** Rear Window Defrost Relay
8
30A** Thermactor Air ByPass
Solenoid, EAM Solid State
Relay
9
40A** High Speed Cooling Fan Relay,
Low Speed Cooling Fan Relay
10
20A** Fuel Pump Relay
11
40A** Blower Motor Relay
12
—
Not Used
13
40A** Anti-Lock Brake Module
14
—
Not Used
15
15A* Daytime Running Lamps
(DRL) Module
16
10A* Air Bag Diagnostic Monitor
17
20A* Rear Control Unit, CD Changer
18
30A* Anti-Lock Brake Module
19
15A* Horn Relay, Powertrain Control
Module (PCM)
20
15A* Headlamp Switch, Autolamp
Park Relay
21
—
Not Used
22
30A* Autolamps Relay,
Multi-Function Switch,
Headlamp Switch
23
—
Blower Motor Relay
24
—
Starter Relay
25
—
A/C Clutch Relay
26
30A* Generator/Voltage Regulator
27
10A* A/C Clutch Relay
28
15A* Heated Oxygen Sensors,
Canister Vent
29
—
Fuel Pump Relay
114
Roadside emergencies
Fuse/
Fuse
Description
Relay
Amp
Location Rating
30
—
PCM Relay
31
—
Low Speed Cooling Fan Relay
32
—
PCM Diode
33
—
A/C Clutch Diode
34
—
Not Used
* Mini Fuses ** Maxi Fuses
1
Fuses 4 and 6 will vary depending on date of
vehicle build.
Relays
Relays are located in the power distribution box and
should be replaced by qualified technicians.
CHANGING THE TIRES
If you get a flat tire while driving, do not apply the
brake heavily. Instead, gradually decrease your
speed. Hold the steering wheel firmly and slowly
move to a safe place on the side of the road.
Temporary spare tire information
The temporary spare tire for your vehicle is labeled
as such. It is smaller than a regular tire and is
designed for emergency use only.
If you use the temporary spare tire
continuously or do not follow these
precautions, the tire could fail, causing you to lose
control of the vehicle, possibly injuring yourself or
others.
115
Roadside emergencies
When driving with the temporary spare tire do not:
• exceed 80 km/h (50 mph) under any
circumstances
• load the vehicle beyond maximum vehicle load
rating listed on the Safety Compliance Label
• tow a trailer
• use tire chains
• drive through an automatic car wash, because of
the vehicle’s reduced ground clearance
• try to repair the temporary spare tire or remove it
from its wheel
• use the wheel for any other type of vehicle
Removing and replacing wheel covers
Center wheel cover
1. Pry the center
ornament off the wheel
cover with the lug
wrench. Pry only at the
notch. Do not use a
screwdriver or any
other tool as this may
damage the wheel
cover surface finish.
2. Remove the center
bolt on the wheel cover
with the lug wrench
tip.
116
Roadside emergencies
3. To remove the wheel
cover, pry it loose by
inserting the tapered
end of the lug wrench
between the wheel
cover and wheel.
To replace the wheel cover:
1. One of the windows on the wheel cover is
identified with a valve stem logo on the back side of
the wheel cover. Install the wheel cover over the
wheel with the window at the valve stem.
2. Hold the wheel cover in this position and press
the cover onto the wheel with the palm of your
hand. Do not force or hammer the cover.
3. Attach the bolt to the pedestal through the center
hole on the cover with the lug wrench.
4. Align the legs of the center ornament with the
slots of the wheel cover. Reinstall the ornament by
pressing with the palm of your hand. Do not
hammer or force the cover.
Anti-theft lug nuts (if equipped)
If your vehicle is
equipped with this
feature, one of the lug
nuts on each wheel
must be removed and replaced with a special key.
The key and registration card are attached to the lug
wrench and stored with the spare tire. If you lose
the key, send the registration card to the
manufacturer (not the dealer) to get a replacement
key. If the lug wrench/lug nut key assembly is lost,
see your nearest Ford or Lincoln/Mercury dealer
who has access to the master set of keys. Do not
use an impact wrench with the anti-theft key.
117
Roadside emergencies
Removing the anti-theft lug nut
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut. Make sure
you hold the key square to the lug nut. If you hold
the key at an angle, you could damage the key and
the lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and
apply pressure on the key with the wrench.
3. Turn the wrench in a counterclockwise direction
to remove the lug nut.
Reinstalling the anti-theft lug nut
1. Insert the key over the locking lug nut.
2. Place the lug nut wrench over the lug nut key and
apply pressure on the key with the wrench.
3. Install the lug nut.
Tire change procedure
1. Park on a level surface, activate hazard flashers
and set parking brake.
When one of the front wheels is off the
ground, the transaxle alone will not prevent
the vehicle from moving or slipping off the jack,
even if the vehicle is in P (Park).
To prevent the vehicle from moving when
you change a tire, be sure the parking brake
is set, then block (in both directions) the wheel
that is diagonally opposite (other side and end of
the vehicle) to the tire being changed.
118
Roadside emergencies
If the vehicle slips off the jack, you or
someone else could be seriously injured.
2. Place gearshift lever
in P (Park), block the
diagonally opposite
wheel, then remove the
spare tire, jack and lug
wrench.
• In the sedan, these
are located in the
trunk cargo area
storage
compartment.
• In the wagon, they
are stored in the left
side rear trim panel
for the temporary
spare and in the
floor cargo area
storage compartment
for the full size
spare.
3. Loosen each wheel
lug nut one-half turn
counterclockwise but
do not remove them
until the wheel is
raised off the ground.
119
Roadside emergencies
4. Put the jack in the
jack notch next to the
door of the tire you are
changing. Turn the jack
handle clockwise until
the wheel is completely
off the ground.
5. Remove the lug nuts with the lug wrench.
6. Replace the flat tire with the spare tire, making
sure the valve stem is facing outward. Reinstall lug
nuts until the wheel is snug against the hub. Do not
fully tighten the lug nuts until the wheel has been
lowered.
7. Lower the wheel by turning the jack handle
counterclockwise.
1
8. Remove the jack and
fully tighten the lug
nuts in the order
3
4
shown.
5
9. Return the flat tire,
jack and lug wrench to
their proper storage
locations. Make sure
the jack is fastened so
it does not rattle when
you drive.
10. Unblock the
wheels.
120
2
Roadside emergencies
JUMP STARTING YOUR VEHICLE
The gases around the battery can explode if
exposed to flames, sparks, or lit cigarettes.
An explosion could result in injury or vehicle
damage.
Do not push start your vehicle. You could
damage the catalytic converter.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid which burns
skin, eyes, and clothing.
Preparing your vehicle
1. Use only a 12–volt supply to start your
vehicle.
2. Do not disconnect the battery of the disabled
vehicle as this could damage the vehicle’s electrical
system.
3. Park the booster vehicle close to the hood of the
disabled vehicle making sure the two vehicles do
not touch. Set the parking brake on both vehicles
and stay clear of the engine cooling fan and other
moving parts.
4. Check all battery terminals and remove any
excessive corrosion before you attach the battery
cables. Ensure that vent caps are tight and level.
5. Turn the heater fan on in both vehicles to protect
any electrical surges. Turn all other accessories off.
121
Roadside emergencies
Connecting the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
1. Connect the positive (+) booster cable to the
positive (+) terminal of the discharged battery.
Note: In the illustrations, lightning bolts are used
to designate the assisting (boosting) battery.
+
+
–
–
2. Connect the other end of the positive (+) cable to
the positive (+) terminal of the assisting battery.
+
+
–
–
3. Connect the negative (-) cable to the negative (-)
terminal of the assisting battery.
122
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
4. Make the final connection of the negative (-)
cable to an exposed metal part of the stalled
vehicle’s engine, away from the battery and the
carburetor.
The preferred locations of an exposed metal part (to
ground the circuit) are the alternator mounting
brackets or an engine lifting eye. Do not use fuel
lines, engine rocker covers or the intake manifold as
grounding points.
Do not connect the end of the second cable
to the negative (-) terminal of the battery to
be jumped. A spark may cause an explosion of the
gases that surround the battery.
5. Be sure that the cables are clear of fan blades,
belts and other moving parts of both engines.
123
Roadside emergencies
Jump starting
1. Start the engine of the booster vehicle and run
the engine at moderately increased speed.
2. Start the engine of the disabled vehicle.
3. Once the disabled vehicle has been started, run
both engines for a further three minutes before
disconnecting the jumper cables.
Removing the jumper cables
+
+
–
–
Remove the jumper cables in the reverse order
that they were connected.
1. Remove the jumper cable from the ground metal
surface.
+
+
–
–
2. Remove the jumper cable on the negative (-)
connection of the booster vehicle’s battery.
124
Roadside emergencies
+
+
–
–
3. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the booster vehicle’s battery.
+
+
–
–
4. Remove the jumper cable from the positive (+)
terminal of the disabled vehicle’s battery.
After the disabled vehicle has been started and the
jumper cables removed, allow it to idle for several
minutes so the engine computer can relearn its idle
conditions.
125
Roadside emergencies
WRECKER TOWING
If you need to have your vehicle towed, contact a
professional towing service or, if you are a member,
your roadside assistance center.
It is recommended that your vehicle be towed with a
wheel lift or flatbed equipment.
A towing manual is available from Ford Motor
Company for all authorized tow truck operators.
Have your tow truck driver refer to this manual for
proper hook-up and towing procedures for your
vehicle.
126
Maintenance and care
SERVICE RECOMMENDATIONS
To help you service your vehicle:
• We highlight do-it-yourself items in the engine
compartment for easy location.
• We provide a “Service Guide” which makes
tracking routine service easy.
If your vehicle requires professional service, your
dealership can provide necessary parts and service.
Check your “Warranty Guide” to find out which parts
and services are covered.
Use only recommended fuels, lubricants, fluids and
service parts conforming to specifications. Motorcraft
parts are designed and built to provide the best
performance in your vehicle.
PRECAUTIONS WHEN SERVICING YOUR
VEHICLE
Be especially careful when inspecting or servicing
your vehicle.
• Do not work on a hot engine.
• When the engine is running, avoid wearing loose
clothing, jewelry or long hair that could get
caught up in moving parts.
• Do not work on a vehicle with the engine running
in an enclosed space, unless you are sure you
have enough ventilation.
• Keep all lit cigarettes, open flames and other lit
material away from the battery and all fuel related
parts.
If you disconnect the battery, the engine must
“relearn” its idle conditions before your vehicle will
drive properly, as explained in the Battery section in
this chapter.
Working with the engine off
1. Set the parking brake, and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in park.
127
Maintenance and care
2. Turn off the engine and remove the key.
3. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Working with the engine on
1. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P (Park).
2. Block the wheels to prevent the vehicle from
moving unexpectedly.
Do not start your engine with the air cleaner
removed and do not remove it while the
engine is running.
OPENING THE HOOD
1. Inside the vehicle,
pull the hood release
handle located under
the bottom of the
instrument panel.
2. Go to the front of
the vehicle and release
the auxiliary latch that
is located under the
front center of the
hood.
3. Lift the hood until
the lift cylinders hold it open.
128
Maintenance and care
IDENTIFYING COMPONENTS IN THE ENGINE
COMPARTMENT
3.0L V6 Vulcan engine
1
2
9
8
3
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
5
6
4
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Battery
Engine oil filler cap
Engine oil dipstick
Power steering fluid reservoir
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
129
Maintenance and care
3.0L V6 Duratec engine
8
1
9
2
3
4
7
6
5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Automatic transmission fluid dipstick
Brake fluid reservoir
Air filter assembly
Battery
Engine oil filler cap
Engine oil dipstick
Engine coolant reservoir
Windshield washer fluid reservoir
Power steering fluid reservoir
ENGINE OIL
Checking the engine oil
Refer to the 9Service Guide9 for the appropriate
intervals for checking the engine oil .
1. Make sure the vehicle is on level ground.
2. Turn the engine off and wait a few minutes for
the oil to drain into the oil pan.
130
Maintenance and care
3. Set the parking brake and ensure the gearshift is
securely latched in P.
4. Open the hood. Protect yourself from engine heat.
5. Locate and carefully
remove the engine oil
indicator (dipstick).
ADD 1 QT
MIN
FULL
MAX
6. Wipe the indicator clean. Insert the indicator fully,
then remove it again.
• If the oil level is between the ADD and FULL
marks or between the MIN and MAX marks
(depending on application), the oil level is
acceptable. DO NOT ADD OIL.
• If the oil level is
below the ADD or
MIN mark, add
enough oil to raise
the level within the
ADD-FULL or within
the MIN-MAX range.
• Oil levels above the F in FULL or above the MAX
mark, may cause engine damage. Some oil must
be removed from the engine by a service
technician.
7. Put the indicator back in and ensure it is fully
seated.
131
Maintenance and care
Adding engine oil
1. Check the engine oil. For instructions, refer to
Checking the engine oil in this chapter.
2. If the engine oil level is not within the normal
range, add only certified engine oil of the
recommended viscosity. Remove the engine oil filler
cap and use a funnel to pour the engine oil into the
opening.
3. Recheck the engine oil level. Make sure the oil
level is not above the F in FULL mark on the
dipstick.
Engine oil and filter recommendations
Look for this
certification mark.
Ford oil specification is WSS-M2C153-G.
Use SAE 5W-30 motor oil certified for gasoline
engines by the American Petroleum Institute.
Do not use supplemental engine oil additives, oil
treatments or engine treatments. They are
unnecessary and could, under certain conditions,
lead to engine damage which is not covered by your
warranty.
Change your engine oil and filter according to the
appropriate schedule listed in the “Service Guide”.
Ford production and aftermarket (Motorcraft) oil
filters are designed for added engine protection and
long life. If a replacement oil filter is used that does
not meet Ford material and design specifications,
startup engine noises or knock may be experienced.
It is recommended you use the appropriate
Motorcraft oil filter (or another brand meeting Ford
specifications) for your engine application.
132
Maintenance and care
BRAKE FLUID
Checking and adding brake fluid
Brake fluid should be
checked and refilled as
needed. Refer to the
“Service Guide” for the
service interval
schedules:
1. Clean the reservoir
cap before removal to
prevent dirt or water from entering the reservoir.
2. Visually inspect the
fluid level.
3. If necessary, add
brake fluid until the
level reaches MAX. Do
not fill above this line.
4. Use only a DOT 3 brake fluid certified to meet
Ford specifications. Refer to Lubricant
specifications in the Capacities and specifications
chapter.
MAX
Brake fluid is toxic.
If you use a brake fluid that is not DOT 3,
you will cause permanent damage to your
brakes.
Do not let the reservoir for the master
cylinder run dry. This may cause the brakes
to fail.
133
Maintenance and care
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
Checking and adding washer fluid
Check the washer fluid
whenever you stop for
fuel. The reservoir is
highlighted with a
symbol.
If the level is low, add
enough fluid to fill the
reservoir. In very cold
weather, do not fill the
reservoir all the way.
Do not put engine coolant in the container
for the windshield washer fluid.
Checking and adding washer fluid for the
liftgate (if equipped)
The opening for the reservoir is located on the
passenger side under the tail lamp. Refill this
reservoir with the same fluid you use for your
windshield.
ENGINE COOLANT
Check the level of the
engine coolant in the
reservoir. Refer to the
“Service Guide” for
service interval
schedules. Be sure to
read and understand
Precautions when
servicing your vehicle
in this chapter.
134
Maintenance and care
If the engine coolant has not been checked at the
above recommended interval, the engine coolant
reservoir may become empty. If this occurs, add
engine coolant to the reservoir. For more
information on engine coolant maintenance, refer to
Adding engine coolant in this chapter.
Automotive fluids are not interchangeable; do not
use engine coolant, antifreeze or windshield washer
fluid outside of its specified function and vehicle
location.
Adding engine coolant
Do not put engine coolant in the reservoir
for the windshield washer fluid.
Do not mix conventional green coolant, orange
coolant or recycled coolants together in your
vehicle. Use only the type of coolant that your
vehicle was originally equipped with . If you
are unsure which type of coolant your vehicle
requires, contact your local dealer.
If sprayed on the windshield, engine coolant could
make it difficult to see through the windshield.
When the engine is cool, add a 50/50 mixture of
engine coolant and water to the engine coolant
reservoir. Add straight water only in an emergency,
but you should replace it with a 50/50 mixture of
coolant and distilled water as soon as possible.
Check the coolant level in the coolant reservoir the
next few times you drive the vehicle. If necessary,
add enough of a 50/50 mixture of coolant and water
to bring the liquid level to the fill line on the
reservoir.
135
Maintenance and care
Never remove the coolant reservoir cap
while the engine is running or hot.
If you must remove the coolant reservoir cap, follow
these steps to avoid personal injury:
1. Before you remove the cap, turn the engine off
and let it cool.
2. When the engine is cool, wrap a thick cloth
around the cap. Slowly turn cap counterclockwise
until pressure begins to release.
3. Step back while the pressure releases.
4. When you are sure that all the pressure has been
released, use the cloth to turn it counterclockwise
and remove the cap.
Change your engine coolant according to the
appropriate schedule listed in the “Service Guide”.
Before adding engine coolant, check the color of the
coolant in your vehicle.
For vehicles with green coolant, use Ford
Premium Cooling System Fluid E2FZ-19549–AA (in
Canada, Motorcraft CXC-8–B) or an equivalent
premium engine coolant that meets Ford
specification ESE-M97B44–A.
Do not add orange coolant or recycled coolant
to your vehicle originally equipped with
conventional green coolant .
For vehicles with orange coolant, use Ford
Extended Life Engine Coolant F6AZ-19544–AA or a
DEX-COOLt equivalent that meets Ford
specification WSS-M97B44–D.
Do not add conventional green coolant or
recycled coolant to your vehicle originally
equipped with orange coolant.
Do not use alcohol or methanol antifreeze or any
engine coolants mixed with alcohol or methanol
antifreeze. Do not use supplemental coolant
136
Maintenance and care
additives in your vehicle. These additives may harm
your engine cooling system. The use of an improper
coolant may void your warranty of your vehicle’s
engine cooling system.
Recycled engine coolant
Ford Motor Company recommends that Ford and
Lincoln-Mercury dealers use recycled engine coolant
produced by Ford-approved processes.
For vehicles with green coolant, not all coolant
recycling processes produce coolant which meets
Ford specification ESE-M97B44–A, and use of such
coolant may harm engine and cooling system
components.
For vehicles with orange coolant, no recycling
process has been approved at this time and use of
such coolant may harm engine and cooling system
components.
Always dispose of used automotive fluids in a
responsible manner. Follow your community’s
regulations and standards for recycling and disposing
of automotive fluids.
Coolant refill capacity
To find out how much fluid your vehicle’s cooling
system can hold, refer to Refill capacities in the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Have your dealer check the engine cooling system
for leaks if you have to add more than 1.0 liter
(1.0 quart) of engine coolant per month.
137
Maintenance and care
Severe winter climate
If you drive in extremely cold climates (less than
–36°C [–34°F]), it may be necessary to increase the
coolant concentration above 50%. Refer to the chart
on the coolant container to ensure the coolant
concentration in your vehicle is such that the
coolant will not freeze at the temperature level in
which you drive during winter months. Never
increase the engine coolant concentration above
60%. Leave a 50/50 mixture of engine coolant and
water in your vehicle year-round in non-extreme
climates.
CHECKING AND ADDING POWER STEERING
FLUID
Check the power
steering fluid. Refer to
the “Service Guide” for
the service interval
schedules. If adding
fluid is necessary, use
only MERCONt ATF.
1. Start the engine and let it run until it reaches
normal operating temperature (the engine coolant
temperature gauge indicator will be near the center
of the normal area between H and C).
2. While the engine idles, turn the steering wheel
left and right several times.
3. Turn the engine off.
Perform steps 4 and 5 following the procedure for
your engine.
138
Maintenance and care
3.0L Vulcan engine
4. Check the fluid level
on the dipstick. It
should be between the
arrows in the FULL
HOT range. Do not add
fluid if the level is
within this range.
FULL
HOT
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
FULL HOT range. Be sure to put the dipstick back
in the reservoir.
3.0L Duratec engine
4. Check the fluid level
in the reservoir. It
should be between the
MIN and MAX lines. Do
not add fluid if the
level is within this
range.
MAX
MIN
5. If the fluid is low, add fluid in small amounts,
continuously checking the level until it reaches the
range between the MIN and MAX lines. Be sure to
put the cap back on the reservoir.
139
Maintenance and care
TRANSMISSION FLUID
Checking automatic transmission fluid
Refer to your “Service Guide” for scheduled intervals
for fluid checks and changes. Your transaxle does
not consume fluid. However, the fluid level should
be checked if the transaxle is not working properly,
i.e., if the transaxle slips or shifts slowly or if you
notice some sign of fluid leakage.
Automatic transmission fluid expands when
warmed. To obtain an accurate fluid check,
drive the vehicle until it is warmed up
(approximately 30 km [20 miles]). If your
vehicle has been operated for an extended
period at high speeds, in city traffic during hot
weather or pulling a trailer, the vehicle should
be turned off for about 30 minutes to allow
fluid to cool before checking.
1. Drive the vehicle 30 km (20 miles) or until it
reaches normal operating temperature.
2. Park the vehicle on a level surface and engage the
parking brake.
3. With the parking brake engaged and your foot on
the brake pedal, start the engine and move the
gearshift lever through all of the gear ranges. Allow
sufficient time for each gear to engage.
4. Latch the gearshift lever in P (Park) and leave the
engine running.
5. Remove the dipstick, wiping it clean with a clean,
dry lint free rag.
6. Install the dipstick making sure it is fully seated in
the filler tube.
7. Remove the dipstick and inspect the fluid level.
The fluid should be in the designated areas for
normal and room temperature.
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Maintenance and care
Low fluid level
Do not drive the
vehicle if the fluid level
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
is at the bottom of the
dipstick and the outside temperatures are above
10°C (50°F).
Correct fluid level
The transmission fluid should be checked at normal
operating temperatures 66°C-77°C (150°F-170°F) on
a level surface. The normal operating temperature
can be reached after approximately 30 km (20
miles) of driving.
The transmission fluid
should be in this range
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
if at normal operating
temperature (66°C-77°C [150°F-170°F]).
High fluid level
Fluid levels above the
safe range may result
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
in transaxle failure. An
overfill condition of transmission fluid may cause
shift and/or engagement concerns and/or possible
damage.
High fluid levels can be caused by an overheating
condition.
Adjusting automatic transmission fluid levels
Before adding any fluid, make sure the correct type
is used. The type of fluid used is normally indicated
on the dipstick and/or dipstick handle and also in
the Lubricant specifications section in the
Capacities and specifications chapter.
Use of a non-approved automatic transmission
fluid may cause internal transmission
component damage.
If necessary, add fluid in 250 mL (1/2 pint)
increments through the filler tube until the level is
correct.
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Maintenance and care
If an overfill occurs,
excess fluid should be
DON’T ADD IF IN CROSSHATCH AREA--CHECH WHEN HOT-IDLING
removed by a qualified
technician.
An overfill condition of transmission fluid may
cause shift and/or engagement concerns and/or
possible damage.
BATTERY
Your vehicle is
equipped with a
Motorcraft
maintenance-free
battery which normally
does not require
additional water during
its life of service.
However, for severe usage or in high temperature
climates, check the battery electrolyte level. Refer to
the “Service Guide” for the service interval
schedules.
If the electrolyte level in the battery is low, you can
add plain tap water to the battery, as long as you do
not use hard water (water with a high mineral or
alkali content). If possible, however, try to only fill
the battery cells with distilled water. If the battery
needs water often, have the charging system
checked.
Keep the electrolyte level in each cell up to the
“level indicator”. Do not overfill the battery
cells.
For longer, trouble-free operation, keep the top of
the battery clean and dry. Also, make certain the
battery cables are always tightly fastened to the
battery terminals.
If you see any corrosion on the battery or terminals,
remove the cables from the terminals and clean with
a wire brush. You can neutralize the acid with a
solution of baking soda and water. Reinstall the
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Maintenance and care
cables when you are done cleaning them, and apply
a small quantity of grease to the top of each battery
terminal to help prevent corrosion.
If your battery has a cover/shield, make sure it
is reinstalled after the battery has been
cleaned or replaced.
Batteries normally produce explosive gases
which can cause personal injury. Therefore,
do not allow flames, sparks or lighted substances
to come near the battery. When working near the
battery, always shield your face and protect your
eyes. Always provide proper ventilation.
When lifting a plastic-cased battery,
excessive pressure on the end walls could
cause acid to flow through the vent caps, resulting
in personal injury and/or damage to the vehicle or
battery. Lift the battery with a battery carrier or
with your hands on opposite corners.
Keep batteries out of reach of children.
Batteries contain sulfuric acid. Avoid contact
with skin, eyes or clothing. Shield your eyes when
working near the battery to protect against
possible splashing of acid solution. In case of acid
contact with skin or eyes, flush immediately with
water for a minimum of 15 minutes and get
prompt medical attention. If acid is swallowed, call
a physician immediately.
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Maintenance and care
AD
LE
RN
TU
144
RE
Because your vehicle’s engine is electronically
controlled by a computer, some control conditions
are maintained by power from the battery. When the
battery is disconnected or a new battery is installed,
the engine must relearn its idle conditions before
your vehicle will drive properly. To begin this
process:
1. Set your parking brake.
2. Put the gearshift in P (Park), turn off all
accessories and start the engine.
3. Let the engine idle for at least one minute.
4. The relearning process will automatically
complete as you drive the vehicle.
• If you do not allow the engine to relearn its idle,
the idle quality of your vehicle may be adversely
affected until the idle is eventually relearned.
• If the battery has been disconnected or a new
battery has been installed, the clock and the
preset radio stations must be reset once the
battery is reconnected.
• Always dispose of
automotive batteries
in a responsible
manner. Follow your
local authorized
standards for
disposal. Call your
RECYCLE
local authorized
authorized recycling center to find out more
about recycling automotive batteries.
Maintenance and care
CABIN AIR FILTER (IF EQUIPPED)
The cabin air filter restricts the entry of airborne
dust and pollen particles. The filter is located just in
front of the windshield under the cowl vent screen
on the passenger side of the vehicle.
To replace the filter, perform the following
procedure:
1. Release and open
the hood.
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Maintenance and care
2. Rotate and remove
the four push pins
located on the cowl
vent screen.
3. Remove the three
push-on clips.
4. Remove the two
screws retaining the
cowl top inner panel
shield, then the shield.
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Maintenance and care
5. Remove the filter.
Reverse the procedure
to install the new filter.
WINDSHIELD WIPER BLADES
Check the wiper blades at least twice a year or when
they seem less effective. Substances such as tree sap
and some hot wax treatments used by commercial
car washes reduce the effectiveness of wiper blades.
Checking the wiper blades
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean both
the windshield and wiper blades using undiluted
windshield wiper solution or a mild detergent. Rinse
thoroughly with clean water. To avoid damaging the
blades, do not use fuel, kerosene, paint thinner or
other solvents.
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Maintenance and care
Changing the wiper blades
To replace the wiper blades:
1. Pull the wiper arm
away from the
windshield and lock
into the service
position.
2. Turn the blade at an
angle from the wiper
arm. Push the lock pin
manually to release the
blade and pull the
wiper blade down
toward the windshield
to remove it from the arm.
3. Attach the new wiper to the wiper arm and press
it into place until a click is heard.
INFORMATION ABOUT TIRE QUALITY GRADES
New vehicles are fitted
with tires that have
their Tire Quality
Grade (described
below) molded into the
tire’s sidewall. These
Tire Quality Grades are
determined by
standards that the
United States Department of Transportation has set.
Tire Quality Grades apply to new pneumatic tires for
use on passenger cars. They do not apply to deep
tread, winter-type snow tires, space-saver or
temporary use spare tires, tires with nominal rim
diameters of 10 to 12 inches or limited production
tires as defined in Title 49 Code of Federal
Regulations Part 575.104(c)(2).
U.S. Department of Transportation-Tire quality
grades: The U.S. Department of Transportation
requires Ford to give you the following information
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Maintenance and care
about tire grades exactly as the government has
written it.
Treadwear
The treadwear grade is a comparative rating based
on the wear rate of the tire when tested under
controlled conditions on a specified government test
course. For example, a tire grade 150 would wear
one and one-half (1 1/2) times as well on the
government course as a tire grade 100. The relative
performance of tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart
significantly from the norm due to variations in
driving habits, service practices, and differences in
road characteristics and climate.
Traction A B C
The traction grades, from highest to lowest are A, B,
and C, and they represent the tire’s ability to stop
on wet pavement as measured under test surfaces of
asphalt and concrete. A tire marked C may have
poor traction performance.
The traction grade assigned to this tire is
based on braking (straight ahead) traction
tests and does not include cornering (turning)
traction.
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Maintenance and care
Temperature A B C
The temperature grades are A (the highest), B, and
C, representing the tire’s resistance to the
generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
when tested under controlled conditions on a
specified indoor laboratory test wheel. Sustained
high temperature can cause the material of the tire
to degenerate and reduce tire life, and excessive
temperature can lead to sudden tire failure. The
grade C corresponds to a level of performance which
all passenger car tires must meet under the Federal
Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B
and A represent higher levels of performance on the
laboratory test wheel than the minimum required by
law.
The temperature grade for this tire is
established for a tire that is properly inflated
and not overloaded. Excessive speed,
underinflation, or excessive loading, either
separately or in combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
SERVICING YOUR TIRES
Checking the tire pressure
• Use an accurate tire pressure gauge.
• Check the tire pressure when tires are cold, after
the vehicle has been parked for at least one hour
or has been driven less than 5 km (3 miles).
• Adjust tire pressure to recommended
specifications found on the tire pressure label
inside the glove compartment door.
150
Maintenance and care
Improperly inflated tires can affect vehicle
handling and can fail suddenly, possibly
resulting in loss of vehicle control.
Tire rotation
Because your vehicle’s tires perform different jobs,
they often wear differently. To make sure your tires
wear evenly and last longer, rotate them as indicated
in the “Service Guide.” If you notice that the tires
wear unevenly, have them checked.
• Four tire rotation
Replacing the tires
Replace the tires when
the wear band is
visible through the tire
treads.
Failure to follow these precautions may
adversely affect the handling of the vehicle
and make it easier for the driver to lose control
and roll over.
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Maintenance and care
Tires that are larger or smaller than your vehicle’s
original tires may also affect the accuracy of your
speedometer.
SNOW TIRES AND CHAINS
Snow tires must be the same size and grade
as the tires you currently have on your
vehicle.
The tires on your vehicle have all weather treads to
provide traction in rain and snow. However, in some
climates, you may need to use snow tires and
chains. If you need to use chains, it is recommended
that steel wheels (of the same size and
specifications) be used as chains may chip aluminum
wheels.
Follow these guidelines when using snow tires and
chains:
• Use only SAE Class S chains.
• Install chains securely, verifying that the chains do
not touch any wiring, brake lines or fuel lines.
• Drive cautiously. If you hear the chains rub or
bang against your vehicle, stop and re-tighten the
chains. If this does not work, remove the chains
to prevent damage to your vehicle.
• If possible, avoid fully loading your vehicle.
• Remove the tire chains when they are no longer
needed. Do not use tire chains on dry roads.
• The suspension insulation and bumpers will help
prevent vehicle damage. Do not remove these
components from your vehicle when using snow
tires and chains.
152
Maintenance and care
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT
AUTOMOTIVE FUELS
Important safety precautions
Do not overfill the fuel tank. The pressure in
an overfilled tank may cause leakage and
lead to fuel spray and fire.
If you do not use the proper fuel cap, the
pressure in the fuel tank can damage the
fuel system or cause it to work improperly in a
collision.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel cap is venting vapor or if you hear a
hissing sound, wait until it stops before completely
removing the cap.
Automotive fuels can cause serious injury or
death if misused or mishandled.
Observe the following guidelines when handling
automotive fuel:
• Extinguish all
smoking materials
and any open flames
before fueling your
vehicle.
• Always turn off the
vehicle before
fueling.
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Maintenance and care
• Automotive fuels can be harmful or fatal if
swallowed. Fuel such as gasoline is highly toxic
and if swallowed can cause death or permanent
injury. If fuel is swallowed, call a physician
immediately, even if no symptoms are immediately
apparent. The toxic effects of fuel may not be
visible for hours.
• Avoid inhaling fuel vapors. Inhaling too much fuel
vapor of any kind can lead to eye and respiratory
tract irritation. In severe cases, excessive or
prolonged breathing of fuel vapor can cause
serious illness and permanent injury.
• Avoid getting fuel liquid in your eyes. If fuel is
splashed in the eyes, remove contact lenses (if
worn), flush with water for 15 minutes and seek
medical attention. Failure to seek proper medical
attention could lead to permanent injury.
• Fuels can also be harmful if absorbed through the
skin. If fuel is splashed on the skin and/or
clothing, promptly remove contaminated clothing
and wash skin thoroughly with soap and water.
Repeated or prolonged skin contact with fuel
liquid or vapor causes skin irritation.
• Be particularly careful if you are taking
“Antabuse” or other forms of disulfiram for the
treatment of alcoholism. Breathing gasoline
vapors, or skin contact could cause an adverse
reaction. In sensitive individuals, serious personal
injury or sickness may result. If fuel is splashed
on the skin, promptly wash skin thoroughly with
soap and water. Consult a physician immediately
if you experience an adverse reaction.
154
Maintenance and care
Fuel Filler Cap
Your fuel tank filler cap has an indexed design with
a one-eighth turn on/off feature.
When fueling your vehicle:
1. Turn the engine off.
2. Carefully turn the filler cap counterclockwise 1/8
of a turn until it stops.
3. Pull to remove the cap from the fuel filler pipe.
4. To install the cap, align the tabs on the cap with
the notches on the filler pipe.
5. Turn the filler cap clockwise 1/8 of a turn until it
stops.
If the “Service Engine Soon/Check Engine “ indicator
comes on and stays on when you start the engine,
the fuel filler cap may not be properly installed.
Turn off the engine, remove the fuel filler cap and
reinstall it being careful to align the cap properly.
If you must replace the fuel filler cap, replace
it with an authorized Motorcraft part. The
customer warranty may be void for any damage
to the fuel tank or fuel system if an authorized
Motorcraft fuel filler cap is not used.
The fuel system may be under pressure. If
the fuel filler cap is venting vapor or if you
hear a hissing sound, wait until it stops before
completely removing the fuel filler cap. Otherwise,
fuel may spray out and injure you or others.
If you do not use the proper fuel filler cap,
the pressure in the fuel tank can damage
the fuel system or cause it to work improperly in a
collision.
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Maintenance and care
Choosing the right fuel
Use only UNLEADED FUEL. The use of leaded fuel
is prohibited by law and could damage your vehicle.
Your vehicle was not designed to use fuel or fuel
additives with metallic compounds, including
manganese-based compounds containing (MMT).
Vehicles certified to meet California emission
standards (indicated on the underhood Vehicle
Emissions Control Information label) are designed to
operate on California reformulated gasolines. If
California reformulated gasoline is not available
when you refuel, your vehicle can be operated on
non-California fuels. However, even though your
engine will perform adequately on other gasolines,
the performance of the emission control devices and
systems may be adversely affected.
Repair of damage caused by using a fuel for which
your vehicle was not designed may not be covered
by your warranty.
Octane recommendations
Your vehicle is
designed to use
“Regular” unleaded
gasoline with an
(R+M)/2 octane rating of 87. We do not recommend
the use of gasolines labeled as “Regular” that are
sold with octane ratings of 86 or lower in high
altitude areas.
Do not be concerned if your engine sometimes
knocks lightly. However, if it knocks heavily under
most driving conditions while you are using fuel with
the recommended octane rating, see your dealer or
a qualified service technician to prevent any engine
damage.
87
(R+M)/2 METHOD
Fuel quality
If you are experiencing starting, rough idle or
hesitation driveability problems during a cold start,
156
Maintenance and care
try a different brand of “Regular” unleaded gasoline.
“Premium” unleaded gasoline is not recommended
(particularly in the United States) because it may
cause these problems to become more pronounced.
If the problems persist, see your dealer or a qualified
service technician.
The American Automobile Manufacturers Association
(AAMA) issued a fuel specification to provide
information on high quality fuels that optimize the
performance of your vehicle. We recommend the use
of fuels that meet the AAMA specification if they are
available.
It should not be necessary to add any aftermarket
products to your fuel tank if you continue to use a
high-quality fuel.
Cleaner air
Ford approves the use of gasolines to improve air
quality, including reformulated gasolines that contain
oxygenates up to 10% ethanol or 15% MTBE.
Do not use gasolines containing methanol, which can
damage critical fuel system components. Damage
resulting from the use of methanol may not be
covered by your warranty.
Running out of fuel
Avoid running out fuel because this situation may
have an adverse affect on modern powertrain
components.
If you have run out of fuel:
• You may need to crank the engine several times
before the system starts to pump fuel from the
tank to the engine.
• Your “Service Engine Soon” light may come on.
For more information on the “Service Engine
Soon” light, refer to the Instrumentation chapter.
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Maintenance and care
Fuel Filter
Your vehicle is equipped with a fuel filter that is
mounted on the underbody.
For fuel filter replacement, see your dealer or a
qualified service technician. Refer to the “Service
Guide” for the appropriate intervals for changing the
fuel filter.
If you replace the fuel filter, replace it with an
authorized Motorcraft part. The customer
warranty may be void for any damage to the
fuel system if an authorized Motorcraft fuel
filter is not used.
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
Your vehicle is equipped with various emission
control components and a catalytic converter which
will enable your vehicle to comply with applicable
exhaust emission standards. To make sure that the
catalytic converter and other emission control
components continue to work properly:
• Use only unleaded fuel.
• Avoid running out of fuel.
• Do not turn off the ignition while your vehicle is
moving, especially at high speeds.
• Have the items listed in your “Service Guide”
performed according to the specified schedule.
The scheduled maintenance items listed in the
“Service Guide” are essential to the life and
performance of your vehicle and to its emissions
system.
If other than Ford, Motorcraft or Ford-authorized
parts are used for maintenance replacements or for
service of components affecting emission control,
such non-Ford parts should be equivalent to genuine
Ford Motor Company parts in performance and
durability.
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Maintenance and care
Do not park, idle, or drive your vehicle in
dry grass or other dry ground cover. The
emission system heats up the engine compartment
and exhaust system, which can start a fire.
Lumination of the charging system warning light,
“Service Engine Soon” light or the temperature
warning light, fluid leaks, strange odors, smoke or
loss of oil pressure, could indicate that the emission
control system is not working properly.
Exhaust leaks may result in entry of harmful
and potentially lethal fumes into the
passenger compartment.
Do not make any unauthorized changes to your
vehicle or engine. By law, vehicle owners and anyone
who manufactures, repairs, items, sells, leases,
trades vehicles, or supervises a fleet of vehicles are
not permitted to intentionally remove an emission
control device or prevent it from working.
Information about your vehicle’s emission system is
on the Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
located on or near the engine. This decal identifies
engine displacement and gives some tune up
specifications.
Please consult your “Warranty Guide” for complete
emission warranty information.
Readiness for inspection/maintenance (I/M)
testing
In some localities, it may be a legal requirement to
pass an I/M test of the on-board diagnostic (OBD-II)
system. If your “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon”
light is on, refer to the description in the Warning
Lights and Chimes section of the Instrumentation
chapter. Your vehicle may not pass the I/M test with
the “Check Engine/Service Engine Soon” light on.
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Maintenance and care
If the vehicle’s powertrain system or its battery has
just been serviced, the OBD-II system is reset to a
“not ready for I/M test” condition. To ready the
OBD-II system for I/M testing, a minimum of 30
minutes of city and highway driving is necessary as
described below:
• First, at least 10 minutes of driving on an
expressway or highway.
• Next, at least 20 minutes driving in stop-and-go,
city-type traffic with at least four idle periods.
Allow the vehicle to sit for at least eight hours
without starting the engine. Then, start the engine
and complete the above driving cycle. The engine
must warm up to its normal operating temperature.
Once started, do not turn off the engine until the
above driving cycle is complete.
EXTERIOR BULBS
Replacing exterior bulbs
Check the operation of the following lamps
frequently:
• Headlamps
• Tail lamps
• Brakelamps
• High-mount brakelamp
• Turn signals
• Backup lamps
• License plate lamp
Do not remove lamp bulbs unless they will be
replaced immediately. If a bulb is removed for an
extended period of time, contaminants may enter
the lamp housings and affect performance.
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Maintenance and care
Replacing headlamp bulbs
Handle a halogen headlamp bulb carefully
and keep out of children’s reach. Grasp the
bulb only by its plastic base and do not touch the
glass. The oil from your hand could cause the bulb
to break the next time the headlamps are
operated.
If the bulb is accidentally touched, it should be
cleaned with rubbing alcohol before being used.
To remove the headlamp bulb:
1. Make sure headlamp switch is in OFF position,
then open the hood. If you are replacing the driver
side headlamp, unclip the electronic module on the
right side of the battery and move it out of the way.
2. Locate the headlamp bulb through the hole in the
upper radiator support assembly.
3. Release clip and
disconnect the
electrical connector
from the bulb.
4. Remove the bulb
retaining ring by
rotating it
counterclockwise
(when viewed from the
rear) about 1/8 turn to
free it from the bulb socket, and slide the ring off
the plastic base. Keep the ring to retain the new
bulb.
5. With out turning, remove the old bulb from the
lamp assembly by gently pulling it straight out of the
lamp assembly.
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Maintenance and care
To install the new bulb:
1. With the flat side of
the bulb’s plastic base
facing upward, insert
the glass end of the
bulb into the lamp
assembly. You may
need to turn the bulb left or right to align the
grooves in the plastic base with the tabs in the lamp
assembly. When the grooves are aligned, push the
bulb into the lamp assembly until the plastic base
contacts the rear of the lamp assembly.
2. Install the bulb retaining ring over the plastic base
until it contacts the rear of the socket by rotating
clockwise until you feel a “stop.”
3. Install the electrical connector into the rear of the
plastic base until it snaps, locking it into position.
4. Turn the headlamps on and make sure they work
properly. If the headlamp was correctly aligned
before you changed the bulb, you should not need to
align it again.
High-mount brakelamp bulbs
The following
procedure is for sedans
only. For wagon, refer
to a qualified
technician.
1. Open trunk.
2. Inside trunk, locate
access hole under the
rear window
3. Remove the bulb
socket by rotating it 45 degrees and pulling it out of
the lamp assembly.
4. Carefully pull bulb straight out of socket and push
in new bulb.
5. To complete installation, follow the removal
procedure in reverse order.
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Maintenance and care
License plate lamp bulbs
To change the license plate bulbs:
Sedan
1. Remove two screws
and the license plate
lamp assembly from
the rear bumper.
2. Remove bulb socket
by turning
counterclockwise .
3. Carefully pull the
bulb out from the
socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install the lamp assembly on rear bumper with
two screws.
Wagon
1. Remove screw and
the license plate lamp
assembly from liftgate.
2. Remove bulb socket
by turning
counterclockwise .
3. Carefully pull the
bulb out from the
socket and push in the
new bulb.
4. Install the lamp assembly on liftgate with screw.
Replacing front parking lamp/turn signal bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
Replacing tail lamp/backup bulbs
For bulb replacement, see a dealer or qualified
technician.
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Maintenance and care
REPLACING THE INTERIOR BULBS
Check the operation of the following interior bulbs
frequently:
• interior overhead lamp
• map lamp
Using the right bulbs
Trade
Number
Front side marker lamp
194
Front park/turn lamp
3457 NA
Headlamp
9007
Tail lamp/brake lamp
3157
Rear turn lamp
3456K
Backup lamp
3156
License plate lamp
168
High-mount brake lamp
912
Rear side marker lamp
168
Cargo lamp (wagon)
211-2
Dome lamp
211-2
Dome/map lamp
578
Dome lamp/moon roof
208
Visor vanity lamp (passenger/driver) 74-194
Floor console
194
Luggage compartment lamp
906
Glove compartment
194
I/P ashtray lamp
194
To replace all instrument panel lights - see your
dealer.
Function
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Maintenance and care
AIMING THE HEADLAMPS
Your vehicle is equipped with a Vehicle Headlamp
Aim Device (VHAD) on each headlamp body. Each
headlamp may be properly aimed in the horizontal
direction (left/right) and the vertical position
(up/down) using your VHAD system. The headlamps
on your vehicle are properly aimed at the assembly
plant.
A bubble (vertical indicator) that is not centered
between the two black lines does not necessarily
indicate out-of-aim headlamps. If your vehicle is not
positioned on a level surface, the slope will be
included in the level indicator. Therefore, vertical
and horizontal headlamp adjustment should be
performed only when beam direction appears to be
incorrect.
You will need one 7 mm wrench or socket with
ratchet to make the adjustments.
If the vehicle has been in an accident, the vehicle’s
front structure should be properly aligned before
aiming the headlamps.
Horizontal aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a
level surface.
2. With the hood open,
locate the horizontal
indicator and adjusting
screw. Remove the
protective cap to
access the 7 mm
adjusting screw head.
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Maintenance and care
3. Turn the horizontal
adjusting screw in the
direction of the arrow
to change the
horizontal aim as
shown.
4. Use a 7 mm wrench
or socket to turn the
horizontal adjusting screw until the “0” reference
mark on the view dial is aligned with the rearward
facing tab (as shown) on the plastic housing.
Vertical aim adjustment
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface.
2. With the hood open,
locate the bubble level
vertical aim indicator.
It is visible when
viewed from above
center rear of the
headlamp. Locate the
vertical adjusting
screw, located on the
outboard side of the headlamp adjacent to the
headlamp upper outboard attachment.
3. The “UP” and “DN” on the bubble label indicate
the directional change (up or down) of the vertical
aim.
4. Use a 7 mm wrench or socket to turn the vertical
adjusting screw clockwise or counterclockwise until
the bubble aligns with the “0” reference mark on the
vertical indicator when viewed directly from above.
Repeat the above procedures to the other headlamp,
if necessary.
166
Maintenance and care
CLEANING AND CARING FOR YOUR VEHICLE
Refer to the “Customer Assistance Guide” for a list
of Ford-approved cleaners, polishes and waxes.
Washing your vehicle
Wash your vehicle
regularly with cold or
lukewarm water. Never
use strong detergents
or soap. If your vehicle
is particularly dirty, use
a quality car wash
detergent. Always use a
clean sponge, washing
glove or similar device and plenty of water for best
results. To avoid spots, avoid washing when the
hood is still warm, immediately after or during
exposure to strong sunlight.
During winter months, it is especially important to
wash the vehicle on a regular basis. Large quantities
of dirt and road salt are difficult to remove and also
cause damage to the vehicle.
Remove any exterior accessories, such as antennas,
before entering a car wash. If you have wax applied
to the vehicle at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
After washing, apply the brakes several times to dry
them.
167
Maintenance and care
Waxing your vehicle
Wax when water stops beading on the surface. This
could be every three or four months, depending on
operating conditions.
Use only carnauba or synthetic-based waxes. Use
cleaning fluid or alcohol with a clean cloth to remove
any bugs and tar before waxing vehicle. Use tar
remover to remove any tar spots.
Avoid getting wax on the windshield. If you have
wax applied at a commercial car wash, it is
recommended that you clean the wiper blades and
windshield as described in Cleaning the wiper
blades and windshield.
Repairing paint chips
Minor scratches or paint damage from road debris
may be repaired with touch-up paint, repair foil or
aerosol paint spray from the Ford accessory line.
Observe the application instructions on the
products.
Remove particles such as bird droppings, tree sap,
insect remains, tar spots, road salt and industrial
fallout immediately.
Cleaning the wheels
Wash with the same detergent as the body of your
vehicle. Do not use acid-based or alcohol-based
wheel cleaners, steel wool, fuel or strong detergents.
Never use abrasives that will damage the finish of
special wheel surfaces. Use a tar remover to remove
grease and tar.
Cleaning the engine
Engines are more efficient when they are clean
because grease and dirt buildup keep the engine
warmer than normal. When washing:
• Take care when using a power washer to clean
the engine. The high pressure fluid could
penetrate the sealed parts and cause damage.
168
Maintenance and care
• Do not spray with cold water to avoid cracking
the engine block or other engine components.
• Cover the highlighted areas to prevent water
damage when cleaning the engine.
• 3.0L Vulcan engine
• 3.0L Duratec engine
• Never wash or rinse the engine while it is
running; water in the running engine may cause
internal damage.
169
Maintenance and care
Cleaning plastic exterior parts
Use vinyl cleaner for routine cleaning. Clean with a
tar remover if necessary. Do not clean plastic parts
with thinners, solvents or petroleum-based cleaners.
Cleaning the exterior lamps
Wash with the same detergent as the exterior of
your vehicle. Use glass cleaner or tar remover if
necessary.
To avoid scratching the lamps, do not use a dry
paper towel, chemical solvents or abrasive cleaners.
Cleaning the wiper blades and windshield
If the wiper blades do not wipe properly, clean the
wiper blade rubber element with undiluted
windshield washer solution or a mild detergent. To
avoid damaging the blades, do not use fuel,
kerosene, paint thinner or other solvents.
If the wiper still does not wipe properly, this could
be caused by substances on the windshield such as
tree sap and some hot wax treatments used by
commercial car washes. Clean the outside of the
windshield with a non-abrasive cleanser such as the
non-abrasive Bon-Amit powder. Rinse thoroughly
with clean water. Do not use abrasive cleansers on
glass as they may cause scratches. The windshield is
clean if beads do not form when you rinse it with
water. The windshield and wiper blades should be
cleaned on a regular basis, and blades or rubber
elements replaced when worn.
Cleaning the instrument panel
Clean with a damp cloth, then dry with a dry cloth.
Avoid cleaner or polish that increases the gloss of
the upper portion of the instrument panel. The dull
finish in this area helps protect the driver from
undesirable windshield reflection.
170
Maintenance and care
Cleaning the interior fabric
Remove dust and loose dirt with a whisk broom or a
vacuum cleaner. Remove fresh spots immediately. Do
not use household or glass cleaners. These agents
can stain and discolor the fabric. Use a mild soap
and water solution if necessary.
Cleaning leather seats (if equipped)
For routine cleaning, wipe the surface with a soft,
damp cloth. For more thorough cleaning, wipe the
surface with a mild soap.
If the leather cannot be completely cleaned using a
mild soap and water solution, the leather may be
cleaned using a commercially available cleaning
product “Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner” and a
3M “Type T’ scrubbing pad by using the following
steps;
The type of scrubbing pad is very critical
because the common 3M “Scotch Brite” green
pad is too aggressive and will damage the
leather surface
• Spray a small amount of the leather cleaner on
the pad and rub the area to be cleaned with the
pad using a circular motion. Only clean 1/4 of the
area at a time. For heavily soiled areas, spray the
cleaner directly onto the leather (two squirts
should be adequate) and rub with the pad. Repeat
if necessary.
• Use a soft, damp cloth to remove the loosened
dirt and foam.
• Dry with a soft cloth.
Do not use household cleaners, glass cleaner,
alcohol solutions or cleaner intended for vinyl,
rubber or plastics. These products can damage
the leather.
In some instances, color or dye transfer can
occur when wet clothing (wool, denim, leathers
or other non-colorfast garments) comes in
171
Maintenance and care
contact with leather upholstery. If this occurs,
the leather should be cleaned immediately to
avoid permanent staining.
“Tanners Preserve Leather Cleaner” (product
number AS-300) is available from “First Brands” by
calling 1–800–726–1001. This product may also be
available at many local automotive after market
stores.
3M “Type T” Clean And Finish Scrubbing Pads (UPC
04011–01276) are available through your local 3M
distributor. Call 1–800–742–9649 for the nearest
distributor in your area.
PART NUMBER
(Obtain Locally)
(Obtain Locally)
PART NAME
Tanners Preserve Leather
Cleaner
3M 9Type T9 Clean and Finish
Scrubbing Pads
Cleaning and maintaining the safety belts
Clean the safety belts with a mild soap solution
recommended for cleaning upholstery or carpets. Do
not bleach or dye the belts, because these actions
may weaken the belt webbing.
Check the safety belt system periodically to make
sure there are no nicks, wear or cuts. If your vehicle
has been involved in an accident, refer to the Safety
belt maintenance section in the Seating and safety
restraints chapter.
Cleaning the built-in child seat (if equipped)
Clean with mild soap and water. Do not use
household cleaning products because they may
weaken the safety belt webbing or damage the vinyl
parts of the seat.
The child seat liner is removable and may be
machine-washed and air dried.
172
Capacities and specifications
MOTORCRAFT PART NUMBERS
Component
Air filter
Fuel filter
Battery
(standard)
Battery
(optional)
Cabin air
filter
Oil filter
PCV valve
Spark plugs*
3.0L V6 Vulcan
engine
FA-1630
FG-800-A
BXT-58R
3.0L V6
Duratec engine
FA-1630
FG-800-A
BXT-36R
BXT-36R
N/A
FP-6
FP-6
FL-400-S
EV-228
AWSF-32PP**
FL-820-S
EV-152
AWSF-32F
* Refer to Vehicle Emissions Control Information
(VECI) decal for spark plug gap information.
** If a spark plug is removed for inspection, it must
be reinstalled in the same cylinder. Cylinders No. 1,
2 and 3 have a “PG” suffix. Cylinders No. 4, 5 and 6
have a “P” suffix. If a spark plug needs to be
replaced, use only spark plugs with the service part
number suffix letter 9PP9 as shown on the engine
decal.
173
Capacities and specifications
REFILL CAPACITIES
Fluid
Brake
fluid
Engine
coolant
Engine oil
(includes
filter
change)
Fuel tank
capacity
Power
steering
fluid
Automatic
transaxle
- AX4N
Automatic
transaxle
- AX4S
174
Ford Part Application Capacity
Name
High
All
Fill to line
Performance
on reservoir
DOT 3
Motor
Vehicle
Brake Fluid
1
3.0L V6
11.0L (11.6
Vulcan
quarts)
engine
3.0L V6
10.0L (10.6
Duratec
quarts)
engine
Motorcraft 3.0 V6
4.25L (4.5
5W30
Vulcan
quarts)
Super
engine
Premium
3.0L V6
5.2L (5.5
Motor Oil
Duratec
quarts)
engine
N/A
All vehicles 60.6L (16.0
gallons)
Motorcraft 3.0L V6
Keep in
MERCONt Vulcan
FULL range
ATF
engine
on dipstick
3.0L V6
Fill to line
Duratec
on reservoir
engine
Motorcraft 3.0L V6
12.8L (13.5
MERCONtV Vulcan
quarts)
ATF
engine
3.0L V6
12.7L (13.4
Duratec
quarts)
engine
Motorcraft 3.0L V6
11.6L (12.2
MERCONtV Vulcan
quarts)
ATF
engine
Capacities and specifications
Fluid
Ford Part Application Capacity
Name
Windshield Ultra-Clear All
2.7L (90
washer
Windshield
oz.)
fluid Washer
Front
Concentrate
Windshield Ultra-Clear Wagon
2.1L (70
washer
Windshield
oz.)
fluid Washer
Rear
Concentrate
1
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford
Premium Cooling System Fluid. If your coolant is
orange in color, use Ford Extended Life Engine
Coolant. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
LUBRICANT SPECIFICATIONS
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Brake fluid High
Performance
DOT 3
Motor
Vehicle
Brake Fluid
Door latch, Multihood latch, Purpose
auxiliary
Grease
hood latch,
seat
tracks,
trunk and
liftgate
latches
Lock
Penetrating
cylinders
Lubricant
Items
Ford
Part
Number
C6AZ19542-AB
DOAZ19584AA or
F5AZ19G209AA
Ford
Specification
ESAM6C25-A and
DOT 3
ESAM1C93-B or
ESRM1C159-A
E8AZnone
19A501-B
175
Capacities and specifications
Ford Part
Name or
equivalent
Automatic Motorcraft
transaxle
MERCONtV
(AX4S and ATF
AX4N)
Engine oil Motorcraft
5W30 Super
Premium
Motor Oil
Constant
CV Joint
velocity
Grease
joints
(High
Temp.)
Engine
Ford
coolant
Premium
Engine
Coolant
(green in
color)
Ford
Extended
Life Engine
Coolant
(orange in
color)
Power
Motorcraft
steering
MERCONt
fluid
ATF
Windshield Ultra-Clear
washer
Windshield
fluid
Washer
Concentrate
Items
176
Ford
Ford
Part
Number Specification
XT-5-QM
MERCONtV
XO5W30QSP
E43Z19590-A
WSS-M2C153G and API
Certification
Mark
ESPM1C207-A
E2FZ19549AA
ESEM97B44-A
F6AZ19544AA
WSSM97B44-D or
DEX-COOLt
equivalent
XT-2QDX
MERCONt
C9AZ19550AB
ESR-M17P5-A
Capacities and specifications
ENGINE DATA
Engine
Cubic inches
Horsepower
Torque
Recommended
fuel
Firing order
Spark plug gap
Ignition system
Compression
ratio
3.0L V6 Vulcan 3.0L V6
engine
Duratec
engine
182
181
145 @ 5250
200 @ 5750
rpm
rpm
200 lb.-ft. @
170 lb.-ft. @
3250 rpm
4500 rpm
87 octane
87 octane
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.07-1.17 mm
(0.042-0.046
inch)
EDIS
9.3:1
1-4-2-5-3-6
1.3-1.4 mm
(0.052-00.056
inch)
EDIS
10:1
VEHICLE DIMENSIONS
Vehicle
dimensions
(1) Overall
length
(2) Overall
width
(3) Overall
height
(4) Wheelbase
(5) Track Front
(5) Track Rear
Sedan mm
(in)
5 016.5
(197.5)
1 854.2 (73.0)
Wagon mm (in)
5 069.8 (199.6)
1 399.5 (55.1)
1 463.0 (57.6)
2 755.9
(108.5)
1 564.6 (61.6)
2 755.9 (108.5)
1 559.6 (61.4)
1 569.7 (61.8)
1 854.2 (73.0)
1 564.6 (61.6)
177
Capacities and specifications
3
5
2
3
5
2
178
Capacities and specifications
4
1
4
1
179
Capacities and specifications
IDENTIFYING YOUR VEHICLE
Safety compliance label
The National Highway
MFD. BY FORD MOTOR CO. IN U.S.A.
DATE: XXXXX
GVWR:XXXXX LB/ XXXXX KG
Traffic Safety
FGAWR: XXXXXX/XXXXXXX
RGAWR: XXXXXXX/XXXXXXX
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE FEDERAL
Administration
MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWN ABOVE.
Regulations require
VIN: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX TYPE: XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
that a Safety
MAXIMUM LOAD=OCCUPANTS + LUGGAGE=XXXKG/XXXXLB
Compliance
OCCUPANTS: X TOTAL X FR X 2ND X RR OCCUPANTS LUGGAGE
XX XXXKG/XXXXLB
Certification Label be
TIRE: XXXX/XXXXX XXX
X XXXKG/XXXXLB
PRESSURE (FR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
PRESSURE (RR) XXX kPa/33 PSI COLD
affixed to a vehicle and
EXT PNT: XXXXXX XXXXXX RC: XX DSO: XXXX F0000
prescribe where the
BAR INT TR TP/PS R AXLE TR SPR
T0000
X
XX
XXX X
XX
X XXXX
Safety Compliance
UTC ∇FOHT-15294A10-GA
Certification Label may
be located. The Safety Compliance Certification
Label is located on the front door latch pillar on the
driver’s side.
TRAILER TOWING - SEE OWNER GUIDE
Vehicle identification number
The vehicle
AIR
BAG
identification number
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX
is attached to a metal
tag and is located on
the driver side
instrument panel.
Engine number
The engine number (the last eight numbers of the
vehicle identification number) is stamped on the
engine block, transmission, frame and transfer case
(if equipped).
180
Reporting safety defects
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS (U.S. ONLY)
If you believe that your
vehicle has a defect
that could cause a
crash, or could cause
injury or death, you
should immediately
inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety
Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying Ford Motor
Company.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open
an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect
exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems between
you, your dealer or Ford Motor Company.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto
Safety Hotline toll-free at 1–800–424–9393
(202–366–0123 in the Washington D.C. area) or
write to:
NHTSA
U.S. Department of Transportation
400 Seventh Street
Washington D.C. 20590
You can also obtain other information about motor
vehicle safety from the Hotline.
181
Index
Air bag supplemental
restraint system ........ 66
and child
safety seats ............. 69
description .............. 67
disposal .................... 72
indicator light ......... 72
passenger air bag ... 70
Air conditioning
automatic temperature
control
system . 21,22,23,24,26
Anti-theft system ...... 47
arming the system .. 47
Automatic transaxle . 93
driving
with ........... 96,97,98,99
Brakes ........................ 89
anti-lock ................... 89
anti-lock brake system
(ABS) warning
light .......................... 90
fluid, checking and
adding .................... 133
shift interlock .......... 93
Break-in period ........... 3
Cargo cover .......... 41,42
Cargo net ................... 41
Cellular telephone
(see your Cellular
Phone Guide) ............ 39
Child safety seats
attaching with tether
straps ....................... 78
in rear seat ......... 76,78
tether anchorage
hardware ................. 79
Cleaning your
vehicle ...................... 167
built-in child
seat ..................... 80,83
182
engine
compartment ......... 168
exterior lamps ....... 170
plastic parts .......... 170
washing .................. 167
waxing ................... 168
wheels .................... 168
wiper blades .......... 170
Console ...................... 38
Controls
power seat ............... 55
Coolant ............. 137,138
checking and
adding .................... 135
refill capacities ...... 137
Defrost
rear window ............ 17
Doors
central unlocking 36,37
Emission control
system ...................... 158
Engine
coolant ................... 134
idle speed control . 142
service points . 129,130
starting after a
collision ................. 108
Engine block heater . 87
Engine oil
checking and
adding .................... 132
dipstick .................. 130
specifications . 130,132
Exhaust fumes .......... 87
Floor mats ................. 39
Fuel
choosing the
right fuel ................ 156
detergent in fuel ... 157
filling your vehicle
with fuel ......... 153,155
quality .................... 156
Index
running out of
fuel ......................... 157
safety information
relating to automotive
fuels ....................... 153
Fuses ................. 109,110
Hazard flashers ....... 108
Head restraints ......... 54
Headlamps
high beam ............... 15
Heating ...................... 17
heating and air
conditioning
system ........... 17,18,20
Hood ........................ 128
Ignition ..................... 177
Inspection/maintenance
(I/M) testing ............ 159
Instrument panel
cleaning ................. 170
Keyless entry system
autolock .............. 51,52
keypad ..................... 49
locking and unlocking
doors ........................ 51
programming entry
code ......................... 50
Keys
key in ignition chime 11
positions of the
ignition .................... 28
Lamps ...................... 160
autolamp system ..... 16
daytime running
light .......................... 15
headlamps ............... 15
headlamps, flash to
pass .......................... 16
instrument panel,
dimming ................... 16
interior lamps ....... 164
replacing
bulbs ............... 161,163
Lane change indicator
(see Turn signal) ...... 32
Liftgate ...................... 44
remote release ........ 40
Lights, warning and
indicator
air bag ...................... 11
anti-lock brakes
(ABS) ........................ 9
anti-theft ................... 9
brake ........................ 10
charging system ...... 10
cruise indicator ....... 10
door ajar .................... 6
low coolant ................ 8
low fuel ...................... 8
oil pressure ............. 10
overdrive off .............. 9
safety belt ................. 6
service engine soon .. 7
speed control .......... 31
turn signal
indicator .................... 6
Locks .......................... 53
childproof ................ 38
Luggage rack ........... 107
Lumbar support,
seats ...................... 55,56
Mirrors
heated ...................... 38
side view mirrors
(power) ................... 37
Moon roof .................. 34
Motorcraft parts ...... 158
Octane rating .......... 156
Odometer ................... 13
Overdrive .............. 94,95
Panic alarm feature,
remote entry
system ........................ 44
183
Index
Parking brake ............ 91
Power distribution box
(see Fuses) ............. 112
Power door locks ...... 36
Power steering .......... 92
fluid, checking and
adding ............. 138,139
Relays ............... 109,115
Remote entry system 43
illuminated entry .... 45
locking/unlocking
doors ................... 43,44
replacement/additional
transmitters ............. 45
replacing the
batteries .................. 46
Safety restraints ........ 62
cleaning the safety
belts .................. 66,172
extension
assembly .................. 64
for children ........ 72,73
lap belt ............... 61,62
warning light and
chime .................. 11,65
Seat belts (see Safety
restraints) ... 57,58,59,60
Seats .......................... 54
child safety seats .... 74
cleaning .......... 171,172
Servicing your
vehicle ...................... 127
Spark plugs,
specifications ........... 173
Specification chart,
lubricants ................. 175
Speed control ............ 28
Speedometer ............. 12
Starting your
vehicle .............. 84,85,86
184
jump
starting .... 121,122,124
Steering wheel
tilting ....................... 33
Tires .................. 148,150
changing ................ 118
checking the
pressure ................. 150
replacing ................ 151
rotating .................. 151
snow tires an
d chains ................. 152
treadwear .............. 149
Towing
wrecker .................. 126
Transaxle
fluid, refill
capacities ............... 174
Transmission ........... 140
fluid, checking and
adding
(automatic) .... 140,141
Trip odometer ........... 14
Trunk
remote releas
e lever ...................... 40
Vehicle dimensions . 177
Vehicle Identification
Number (VIN) ......... 180
Vehicle loading ........ 100
Ventilating your
vehicle ........................ 88
Warning chimes ........... 6
Washer fluid ............ 134
Wheels
anti-theft lug
nuts ................. 117,118
Windows ............... 35,36
rear wiper/washer ... 32
Index
Windshield washer fluid
and wipers
checking and
cleaning ................. 147
operation ................. 32
replacing wiper
blades .................... 148
185
186
187
188
Filling station information
Recommended fuel
Fuel tank capacity
Engine oil capacity
(including filter
change)-3.0L V6 Vulcan
engine
Engine oil capacity
(including filter
change)-3.0L V6
Duratec engine
Tire size and pressure
Hood release
Coolant capacity (3.0L
V6 Vulcan engine)1
Coolant capacity (3.0L
V6 Duratec engine)1
Power steering fluid
capacity-3.0L V6 Vulcan
engine
Power steering fluid
capacity-3.0L V6
Duratec engine
Recommended fuel
Unleaded fuel only – 87
octane
60.6L (16 gallons)
4.25L (4.5 quarts) Use
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
5.2L (5.5 quarts) Use
Motorcraft 5W30 Super
Premium Motor Oil,
Ford specification
WSS-M2C153-G.
Refer to Safety
Certification Label on
driver’s door panel.
Inflate temporary spare
to 60 psi.
Pull handle under the
left side of the
instrument panel.
11.0L (11.6 quarts)
10.0L (10.6 quarts)
Keep in FULL range on
dipstick.
Fill to line on reservoir.
Unleaded fuel only – 87
octane
191
Filling station information
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4N)-3.0L
V6 Vulcan engine
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4N)-3.0L
V6 Duratec engine
Automatic transaxle
capacity (AX4S)-3.0L V6
Vulcan engine
1
12.8L (13.5 quarts) Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
12.7L (13.4 quarts) Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
11.6L (12.2. quarts) Use
Motorcraft MERCONtV
ATF.
If your engine coolant is green in color, use Ford
Premium Cooling System Fluid. If your engine
coolant is orange in color, use Ford Extended Life
Engine Coolant. Refer to Lubricant Specifications.
Ensure correct automatic transmission fluid is used
for a specific application. Check the container to
verify the fluid is MERCONt and/or MERCONt V
approved. Some fluids have been approved as
meeting both MERCONt and MERCONt V
requirements and will be labeled as such. Fluids
labeled as meeting only MERCONt or only
MERCONt V requirements must not be used
interchangeably. DO NOT mix MERCONt and
MERCONt V. Transmission fluid requirements are
indicated on the dipstick or on the dipstick handle.
Refer to your “Service Guide” to determine the
correct service interval.
192
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