Read the Owners Manual (7.07MB pdf file)
Operator’s manual
555
560XP 560XPG
562XP 562XPG
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure you understand the instructions before using the machine.
English
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols on the machine:
WARNING! Chain saws can be
dangerous! Careless or improper use
can result in serious or fatal injury to the
operator or others.
Please read the operator’s manual
carefully and make sure you understand
the instructions before using the
machine.
Always wear:
•
Approved protective helmet
•
Approved hearing protection
•
Protective goggles or a visor
Both of the operator′s hands must be used
to operate the chain saw.
Never operate a chain saw holding it with
one hand only.
Never let the guide bar tip come in
contact with any object.
WARNING! Kickback may occur when
the nose or tip of the guide bar touches
an object, and cause a lightning fast
reverse reaction, kicking the guide bar
up and towards the operator. May
cause serious personal injury.
Chain brake, activated (right)
Chain brake, not activated
(left)
Decompression valve: The
valve is to reduce the pressure in the
cylinder and make starting easier. You
should always use the decompression
valve when starting the machine.
Ignition; choke: Set the choke control
in the choke position. This should
automatically set the stop switch to the
start position.
Air purge
2 – English
Adjustment of the oil pump
If your machine bears this
symbol it is equipped with
heated handles.
Recommended cutting
equipment in this example: Bar length 18 inches - Max
tooth count for the bar nose
sprocket is 11T - Chain type Husqvarna H42
Other approved bar and chain
combinations in Operator’s Manual.
Measured maximum kickback value
with brake for the bar and chain
combination on the label.
Measured maximum kickback value
without triggering the brake, for the bar
and chain combination on the label.
Always use the recommended
spark plug type! Use of the
wrong spark plug can damage
the piston/cylinder. Check that
the spark plug is fitted with a
suppressor.
Other symbols/decals on the machine refer to special
certification requirements for certain markets.
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols in the operator’s
manual:
Switch off the engine by
moving the stop switch to the
STOP position before carrying
out any checks or
maintenance.
Always wear approved protective
gloves.
Ignition; choke: Set the choke control
in the choke position. This should
automatically set the stop switch to the
start position.
Air purge
You will find the following labels on your chain saw:
Regular cleaning is required.
Visual check.
Protective goggles or a visor must
be worn.
Refuelling.
EPA III
Filling with oil and adjusting oil flow.
The chain brake must be engaged
when the chain saw is started.
WARNING! Kickback may occur
when the nose or tip of the guide bar
touches an object, and cause a
lightning fast reverse reaction, kicking
the guide bar up and towards the
operator. May cause serious personal
injury.
Decompression valve: The valve is to
reduce the pressure in the cylinder and
make starting easier. You should always
use the decompression valve when
starting the machine.
The Emissions Compliance Period referred to on the
Emission Compliance label indicates the number of
operating hours for which the engine has been shown to
meet Federal emissions requirements.
Maintenance, replacement, or repair of the emission
control devices and system may be performed by any
nonroad engine repair establishment or individual.
English – 3
CONTENTS
Contents
KEY TO SYMBOLS
Symbols on the machine: ......................................
Symbols in the operator’s manual: ........................
CONTENTS
Contents ...............................................................
INTRODUCTION
Dear customer! .....................................................
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what on the chain saw? ...........................
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before using a new chain saw ..............................
Important ..............................................................
Always use common sense ..................................
Personal protective equipment .............................
Machine′s safety equipment .................................
Cutting equipment .................................................
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the bar and chain .......................................
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel .......................................................................
Fueling ..................................................................
Fuel safety ............................................................
STARTING AND STOPPING
Star ting and stopping ............................................
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Before use: ............................................................
General working instructions ................................
How to avoid kickback ...........................................
MAINTENANCE
General .................................................................
Carburetor adjustment ..........................................
Checking, maintaining and servicing chain saw
safety equipment ..................................................
Muffler ...................................................................
Starter ...................................................................
Air filter ..................................................................
Spark plug .............................................................
Lubricating the bar tip sprocket .............................
Needle bearing lubrication ....................................
Adjustment of the oil pump ...................................
Cooling system .....................................................
”Air Injection” centrifugal cleaning .........................
Winter use .............................................................
Heated handles .....................................................
Maintenance schedule ..........................................
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data .......................................................
Saw chain filing and file gauges ...........................
4 – English
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39
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY
STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS 40
AMERICAN STANDARD SAFETY
PRECAUTIONS
Safety precautions for chain saw users ................ 42
INTRODUCTION
Dear customer!
Congratulations on your choice to buy a Husqvarna product! Husqvarna is based on a tradition that dates back to 1689,
when the Swedish King Karl XI ordered the construction of a factory on the banks of the Huskvarna River, for production
of muskets. The location was logical, since water power was harnessed from the Huskvarna River to create the waterpowered plant. During over 300 years of continuous operation, the Husqvarna factory has produced a lot of different
products, from wood stoves to modern kitchen appliances, sewing machines, bicycles, motorcycles etc. In 1956, the first
motor driven lawn mowers appeared, followed by chain saws in 1959, and it is within this area Husqvarna is working
today.
Today Husqvarna is one of the leading manufacturers in the world of forest and garden products, with quality as our
highest priority. We develop, manufacture and market high quality motor driven products for forestry and gardening as
well as for building and construction industry.
Your purchase gives you access to professional help with repairs and service whenever this may be necessary. If the
retailer who sells your machine is not one of our authorized dealers, ask for the address of your nearest servicing dealer.
It is our wish that you will be satisfied with your product and that it will be your companion for a long time. Think of this
operator′s manual as a valuable document. By following its′ content (using, service, maintenance etc) the life span and
the second-hand value of the machine can be extended. If you ever lend or sell this machine, make sure that the borrower
or buyer gets the operator′s manual, so they will also know how to properly maintain and use it.
Thank you for using a Husqvarna product.
Husqvarna AB has a policy of continuous product development and therefore reserves the right to modify the design and
appearance of products without prior notice.
For customer assistance, contact us at our website: www.usa.husqvarna.com
English – 5
WHAT IS WHAT?
What is what on the chain saw?
1
Cylinder cover
15 Bumper spike
2
Front handle
16 Chain catcher
3
Chain brake and front hand guard
17 Clutch cover
4
Starter
18 Rear handle with right hand guard
5
Chain oil tank
19 Throttle control
6
Starter handle
20 Throttle lockout
7
Combined start and stop switch
21 Decompression valve
8
Rear handle
22 Oil pump adjustment screw
9
Fuel tank
23 Switch for heated handle (560XPG, 562XPG)
10 Air purge
24 Information and warning decal
11 Muffler
25 Product and serial number plate
12 Bar tip sprocket
26 Combination spanner
13 Chain
27 Transport guard
14 Bar
28 Operator’s manual
6 – English
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Before using a new chain saw
•
Please read this manual carefully.
•
Check that the cutting equipment is correctly fitted and
adjusted. See instructions under the heading
Assembly.
•
Refuel and start the chain saw. See the instructions
under the headings Fuel Handling and Starting and
Stopping.
•
Do not use the chain saw until sufficient chain oil has
reached the chain. See instructions under the heading
Lubricating cutting equipment.
•
Long-term exposure to noise can result in permanent
hearing impairment. So always use approved hearing
protection.
!
!
!
!
!
WARNING! Under no circumstances may
the design of the machine be modified
without the permission of the
manufacturer. Always use genuine
accessories. Non-authorized
modifications and/or accessories can
result in serious personal injury or the
death of the operator or others. Your
warranty may not cover damage or
liability caused by the use of nonauthorized accessories or replacement
parts.
WARNING! A chain saw is a dangerous
tool if used carelessly or incorrectly and
can cause serious, even fatal injuries. It
is very important that you read and
understand the contents of this
operator’s manual.
WARNING! The inside of the muffler
contain chemicals that may be
carcinogenic. Avoid contact with these
elements in the event of a damaged
muffler.
WARNING! Long term inhalation of the
engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist
and dust from sawdust can represent a
health risk.
WARNING! This machine produces an
electromagnetic field during operation.
This field may under some
circumstances interfere with active or
passive medical implants. To reduce the
risk of serious or fatal injury, we
recommend persons with medical
implants to consult their physician and
the medical implant manufacturer before
operating this machine.
!
WARNING! Never allow children to use or
be in the vicinity of the machine. As the
machine is equipped with a springloaded stop switch and can be started by
low speed and force on the starter
handle, even small children under some
circumstances can produce the force
necessary to start the machine. This can
mean a risk of serious personal injury.
Therefore remove the spark plug cap
when the machine is not under close
supervision.
Important
IMPORTANT!
This chain saw for forest service is designed for forest
work such as felling, delimbing and cutting.
You should only use the saw with the bar and chain
combinations we recommend in the chapter Technical
data.
Never use the machine if you are fatigued, while under
the influence of alcohol or drugs, medication or anything
that could affect your vision, alertness, coordination or
judgement.
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading ”Personal protective equipment”.
Do not modify this product or use it if it appears to have
been modified by others.
Never use a machine that is faulty. Carry out the checks,
maintenance and service instructions described in this
manual. Some maintenance and service measures
must be carried out by trained and qualified specialists.
See instructions under the heading Maintenance.
Never use any accessories other than those
recommended in this manual. See instructions under
the headings Cutting equipment and Technical data.
CAUTION! Always wear protective glasses or a face
visor to reduce the risk of injury from thrown objects. A
chain saw is capable of throwing objects, such as wood
chips, small pieces of wood, etc, at great force. This can
result in serious injury, especially to the eyes.
!
!
WARNING! Running an engine in a
confined or badly ventilated area can
result in death due to asphyxiation or
carbon monoxide poisoning.
WARNING! Faulty cutting equipment or
the wrong combination of bar and saw
chain increases the risk of kickback!
Only use the bar/saw chain combinations
we recommend, and follow the filing
instructions. See instructions under the
heading Technical data.
English – 7
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Always use common sense
It is not possible to cover every conceivable situation you
can face when using a chain saw. Always exercise care
and use your common sense. Avoid all situations which
you consider to be beyond your capability. If you still feel
uncertain about operating procedures after reading these
instructions, you should consult an expert before
continuing. Do not hesitate to contact your dealer or us if
you have any questions about the use of the chain saw.
We will willingly be of service and provide you with advice
as well as help you to use your chain saw both efficiently
and safely. Attend a training course in chain saw usage if
possible. Your dealer, forestry school or your library can
provide information about which training materials and
courses are available.
IMPORTANT! Sparks can come from the muffler, the bar
and chain or other sources. Always have fire
extinguishing tools available if you should need them.
Help prevent forest fires.
Machine′′s safety equipment
In this section the machine’s safety features and their
function are explained. For inspection and maintenance
see instructions under the heading Checking, maintaining
and servicing chain saw safety equipment. See
instructions under the heading, What is what?, to find
where these parts are located on your machine.
The life span of the machine can be reduced and the risk
of accidents can increase if machine maintenance is not
carried out correctly and if service and/or repairs are not
carried out professionally. If you need further information
please contact your nearest servicing dealer.
!
Work is constantly in progress to improve the design and
technology - improvements that increase your safety and
efficiency. Visit your dealer regularly to see whether you
can benefit from new features that have been introduced.
Personal protective equipment
!
WARNING! Most chain saw accidents
happen when the chain touches the
operator. You must use approved
personal protective equipment whenever
you use the machine. Personal protective
equipment cannot eliminate the risk of
injury but it will reduce the degree of
injury if an accident does happen. Ask
your dealer for help in choosing the right
equipment.
Always wear:
•
Approved protective helmet
•
Hearing protection
•
Protective goggles or a visor
•
Gloves with saw protection
•
Trousers with saw protection
•
Boots with saw protection, steel toe-cap and non-slip
sole
•
Always have a first aid kit nearby.
•
Fire Extinguisher and Shovel
Generally clothes should be close-fitting without
restricting your freedom of movement.
8 – English
WARNING! Never use a machine with
defective safety components. Safety
equipment must be inspected and
maintained. See instructions under the
heading Checking, maintaining and
servicing chain saw safety equipment. If
your machine does not pass all the
checks, take the saw to a servicing
dealer for repair.
Chain brake and front hand guard
Your chain saw is equipped with a chain brake that is
designed to stop the chain if you get a kickback. The chain
brake reduces the risk of accidents, but only you can
prevent them.
Take care when using your saw and make sure the
kickback zone of the bar never touches any object.
•
The chain brake (A) can either be activated manually
(by your left hand) or automatically by the inertia
release mechanism.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
•
The brake is applied when the front hand guard (B) is
pushed forwards.
chain brake. If this happens you should hold the chain
saw firmly and not let go.
B
A
•
This movement activates a spring-loaded mechanism
that tightens the brake band (C) around the engine
drive system (D) (clutch drum).
•
The way the chain brake is activated, either manually
or automatically by the inertia release mechanism,
depends on the force of the kickback and the position
of the chain saw in relation to the object that the
kickback zone of the bar strikes.
If you get a violent kickback while the kickback zone of
the bar is farthest away from you the chain brake is
designed to be activated by the inertia in the kickback
direction.
•
The front hand guard is not designed solely to activate
the chain brake. Another important feature is that it
reduces the risk of your left hand hitting the chain if
you lose grip of the front handle.
•
The chain brake must be engaged when the chain
saw is started to prevent the saw chain from rotating.
•
Use the chain brake as a ”parking brake” when
starting and when moving over short distances, to
reduce the risk of moving chain accidentally hitting
your leg or anyone or anything close by.
•
To release the chain brake pull the front hand guard
backwards, towards the front handle.
•
Kickback can be very sudden and violent. Most
kickbacks are minor and do not always activate the
If the kickback is less violent or the kickback zone of
the bar is closer to you the chain brake is designed to
be activated manually by the movement of your left
hand.
•
In the felling position the left hand is in a position that
makes manual activation of the chain brake
impossible. With this type of grip, that is when the left
hand is placed so that it cannot affect the movement
of the front hand guard, the chain brake can only be
activated by the inertia action.
English – 9
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Will my hand always activate the chain
brake during a kickback?
No. It takes a certain force to move the hand guard
forward. If your hand only lightly touches the front guard
or slips over it, the force may not be enough to trigger the
chain brake. You should also maintain a firm grip of the
chain saw handles while working. If you do and
experience a kickback, your hand may never leave the
front handle and will not activate the chain brake, or the
chain brake will only activate after the saw has swung
around a considerable distance. In such instances, the
chain brake might not have enough time to stop the saw
chain before it touches you.
There are also certain positions in which your hand
cannot reach the front hand guard to activate the chain
brake; for example, when the saw chain is held in felling
position.
Will my inertia activated chain brake
always activate during kickback in the
event of a kickback?
No. First your brake must be in working order. Testing the
brake is simple, see instructions under the heading
Checking, maintaining and servicing chain saw safety
equipment. We recommend you do before you begin each
work session. Second the kickback must be strong
enough to activate the chain brake. If the chain brake is
too sensitive it would activate all the time which would be
a nuisance.
Will my chain brake always protect me
from injury in the event of a kickback?
No. First, the chain brake must be in working order to
provide the intended protection. Second, it must be
activated during the kickback as described above to stop
the saw chain. Third, the chain brake may be activated but
if the bar is too close to you the brake might not have
enough time to slow down and stop the chain before the
chain saw hits you.
Chain catcher
The chain catcher is designed to catch the chain if it snaps
or jumps off. This should not happen if the chain is
properly tensioned (see instructions under the heading
Assembly) and if the bar and chain are properly serviced
and maintained (see instructions under the heading
General working instructions).
Right hand guard
Apart from protecting your hand if the chain jumps or
snaps, the right hand guard stops branches and twigs
from interfering with your grip on the rear handle.
Vibration damping system
Your machine is equipped with a vibration damping
system that is designed to reduce vibration and make
operation easier.
The machine′s vibration damping system reduces the
transfer of vibration between the engine unit/cutting
equipment and the machine′s handle unit. The body of the
chain saw, including the cutting equipment, is insulated
from the handles by vibration damping units.
Only you and proper working technique can eliminate
kickback and its danger.
Throttle lockout
The throttle lockout is designed to prevent accidental
operation of the throttle control. When you press the lock
(A) (i.e. when you grasp the handle) it releases the throttle
control (B). When you release the handle the throttle
control and the throttle lockout both move back to their
original positions. This arrangement means that the
throttle control is automatically locked at the idle setting.
A
B
10 – English
Cutting hardwoods (most broadleaf trees) creates more
vibration than cutting softwoods (most conifers). Cutting
with cutting equipment that is blunt or faulty (wrong type
or badly sharpened) will increase the vibration level.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
!
WARNING! Overexposure to vibration
can lead to circulatory damage or nerve
damage in people who have impaired
circulation. Contact your doctor if you
experience symptoms of overexposure
to vibration. Such symptoms include
numbness, loss of feeling, tingling,
pricking, pain, loss of strength, changes
in skin colour or condition. These
symptoms normally appear in the
fingers, hands or wrists. These
symptoms may be increased in cold
temperatures.
!
WARNING! Never use a saw without a
muffler, or with a damaged muffler. A
damaged muffler may substantially
increase the noise level and the fire
hazard. Keep fire fighting equipment
handy. If a spark arrestor screen is
required in your area, never use the saw
without or with a broken spark arrestor
screen.
Cutting equipment
This section describes how to choose and maintain your
cutting equipment in order to:
Stop switch
•
Reduce the risk of kickback.
Use the stop switch to switch off the engine.
•
Reduce the risk of the saw chain breaking or jumping
off the bar.
•
Obtain optimal cutting performance.
•
Extend the life of cutting equipment.
•
Avoid increasing vibration levels.
Muffler
General rules
The muffler is designed to keep noise levels to a minimum
and to direct exhaust fumes away from the user.
•
Only use cutting equipment recommended by us!
See instructions under the heading Technical data.
•
Keep the chain’s cutting teeth properly
sharpened! Follow our instructions and use the
recommended file gauge. A damaged or badly
sharpened chain increases the risk of accidents.
•
Maintain the correct depth gauge setting! Follow
our instructions and use the recommended depth
gauge clearance. Too large a clearance increases
the risk of kickback.
•
Keep the chain properly tensioned! If the chain is
slack it is more likely to jump off and lead to increased
wear on the bar, chain and drive sprocket.
•
Keep cutting equipment well lubricated and
properly maintained! A poorly lubricated chain is
more likely to break and lead to increased wear on the
bar, chain and drive sprocket.
!
WARNING! The exhaust fumes from the
engine are hot and may contain sparks
which can start a fire. Never start the
machine indoors or near combustible
material!
In areas with a hot, dry climate there is a high risk of fires.
These areas are sometimes subject to government rules
requiring among other things the muffler must be
equipped with an approved type of spark arrestor screen.
CAUTION! The muffler gets very hot during and after
use. This also applies during idling. Be aware of the fire
hazard, especially when working near flammable
substances and/or vapours.
English – 11
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Cutting equipment designed to reduce
kickback
!
WARNING! Faulty cutting equipment or
the wrong combination of bar and saw
chain increases the risk of kickback!
Only use the bar/saw chain combinations
we recommend, and follow the filing
instructions. See instructions under the
heading Technical data.
•
Chain pitch (inches). The spacing between the drive
links of the chain must match the spacing of the teeth
on the bar tip sprocket and drive sprocket.
•
Number of drive links. The number of drive links is
determined by the length of the bar, the chain pitch
and the number of teeth on the bar tip sprocket.
•
Bar groove width (inches/mm). The groove in the bar
must match the width of the chain drive links.
•
Chain oil hole and hole for chain tensioner. The bar
must be matched to the chain saw design.
The only way to avoid kickback is to make sure that the
kickback zone of the bar never touches anything.
By using cutting equipment with ”built-in” kickback
reduction and keeping the chain sharp and wellmaintained you can reduce the effects of kickback.
Bar
The smaller the tip radius the lower the chance of
kickback.
Chain
A chain is made up of a number of links, which are
available in standard and low-kickback versions.
IMPORTANT! No saw chain design eliminates the
danger of kickback.
!
WARNING! Any contact with a rotating
saw chain can cause extremely serious
injuries.
Some terms that describe the bar and chain
Chain
To maintain the safety features of the cutting equipment,
you should replace a worn or damaged bar or chain with
a bar and chain combinations recommended by
Husqvarna. See instructions under the heading Technical
Data for a list of replacement bar and chain combinations
we recommend.
•
Chain pitch (inches)
Bar
•
Drive link width (mm/inches)
•
Number of drive links.
•
Length (inches/cm)
•
Number of teeth on bar tip sprocket (T).
12 – English
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Sharpening your chain and adjusting
depth gauge setting
Sharpening cutting teeth
General information on sharpening cutting teeth
•
Never use a blunt chain. When the chain is blunt you
have to exert more pressure to force the bar through
the wood and the chips will be very small. If the chain
is very blunt it will produce wood powder and no chips
or shavings.
•
A sharp chain eats its way through the wood and
produces long, thick chips or shavings.
•
The cutting part of the chain is called the cutter and
consists of a cutting tooth (A) and the depth gauge
(B). The cutters cutting depth is determined by the
difference in height between the two (depth gauge
setting).
To sharpen cutting teeth you will need a round file and a
file gauge. See instructions under the heading Technical
data for information on the size of file and gauge that are
recommended for the chain fitted to your chain saw.
•
Check that the chain is correctly tensioned. A slack
chain will move sideways, making it more difficult to
sharpen correctly.
•
Always file cutting teeth from the inside face. Reduce
the pressure on the return stroke. File all the teeth on
one side first, then turn the chain saw and file the teeth
on the other side.
•
File all the teeth to the same length. When the length
of the cutting teeth is reduced to 5/32 inch (4 mm) the
chain is worn out and should be replaced.
A
B
When you sharpen a cutting tooth there are four important
factors to remember.
1
Filing angle
2
Cutting angle
3
File position
min 4 mm
(5/32")
4
Round file diameter
General advice on adjusting depth gauge setting
It is very difficult to sharpen a chain correctly without the
right equipment. We recommend that you use our file
gauge. This will help you obtain the maximum kickback
reduction and cutting performance from your chain.
See instructions under the heading Technical data for
information about sharpening your chain.
!
WARNING! Departure from the
sharpening instructions considerably
increases the risk of kickback.
•
When you sharpen the cutting tooth (A) the depth
gauge setting (C) will decrease. To maintain optimal
cutting performance the depth gauge (B) has to be
filed down to achieve the recommended depth gauge
setting. See instructions under the heading Technical
data to find the correct depth gauge setting for your
particular chain.
A
C
B
English – 13
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
!
WARNING! The risk of kickback is
increased if the depth gauge setting is
too large!
Tension the chain as tightly as possible, but not so tight
that you cannot pull it round freely by hand.
Adjustment of depth gauge setting
•
The cutting teeth should be newly sharpened before
adjusting the depth gauge setting. We recommend
that you adjust the depth gauge setting every third
time you sharpen the cutting teeth. NOTE! This
recommendation assumes that the length of the
cutting teeth is not reduced excessively.
•
You will need a flat file and a depth gauge tool. We
recommend that you use our depth gauge tool to
acheive the correct depth gauge setting and bevel for
the depth gauge.
•
Place the depth gauge tool over the chain. Detailed
information regarding the use of the depth gauge tool,
will be found on the package for the depth gauge tool.
Use the flat file to file off the tip of the depth gauge that
protrudes through the depth gauge tool. The depth
gauge setting is correct when you no longer feel
resistance as you draw the file along the depth gauge
tool.
Tensioning the chain
•
Loosen the bar nuts that hold the clutch cover/chain
brake. Use the combination spanner. Then tighten the
bar nuts by hand as tight as you can.
•
Raise the tip of the bar and stretch the chain by
tightening the chain tensioning screw using the
combination spanner. Tighten the chain until it does
not sag from the underside of the bar.
•
Use the combination spanner to tighten the bar nuts
while lifting the tip of the bar at the same time. Check
that you can pull the chain round freely by hand and
that it does not sag from the underside of the bar.
The position of the chain tensioning screw on our chain
saws varies from model to model. See instructions under
the heading What is what? to find out where it is on your
model.
Lubricating cutting equipment
!
!
WARNING! A slack chain may jump off
the bar and cause serious or even fatal
injury.
The more you use a chain the longer it becomes. It is
therefore important to adjust the chain regularly to take up
the slack.
Check the chain tension every time you refuel. NOTE! A
new chain has a running-in period during which you
should check the tension more frequently.
14 – English
WARNING! Poor lubrication of cutting
equipment may cause the chain to snap,
which could lead to serious, even fatal
injuries.
Chain oil
Chain oil must demonstrate good adhesion to the chain
and also maintain its flow characteristics regardless of
whether it is warm summer or cold winter weather.
As a chain saw manufacturer we have developed an
optimal chain oil which has a vegetable oil base. We
recommend the use of our own oil for both maximum
chain life and to minimise environmental damage. If our
own chain oil is not available, standard chain oil is
recommended.
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Never use waste oil! Using waste oil can be dangerous
to you and damage the machine and environment.
•
Check that the groove in the edge of the bar is clean.
Clean if necessary.
•
Check that the bar tip sprocket turns freely and that
the lubricating hole in the tip sprocket is not blocked.
Clean and lubricate if necessary.
IMPORTANT! When using vegetable based saw chain
oil, dismantle and clean the groove in the bar and saw
chain before long-term storage. Otherwise there is a risk
of the saw chain oil oxidizing, which will result in the saw
chain becoming stiff and the bar tip sprocket jamming.
Filling with chain oil
•
All our chain saws have an automatic chain lubrication
system. On some models the oil flow is also
adjustable.
•
The saw chain oil tank and the fuel tank are designed
so that the fuel runs out before the saw chain oil.
However, this safety feature requires that you use the
right sort of chain oil (if the oil is too thin it will run out
before the fuel), and that you adjust the carburetor as
recommended (a lean mixture may mean that the fuel
lasts longer than the oil) and that you also use the
recommended cutting equipment (a bar that is too
long will use more chain oil).
Checking chain lubrication
•
If the chain lubrication system is still not working after
carrying out the above checks and associated measures
you should contact your servicing dealer.
Chain drive sprocket
Check the chain lubrication each time you refuel. See
instructions under the heading Lubricating the bar tip
sprocket.
Aim the tip of the bar at a light coloured surface about
20 cm (8 inches) away. After 1 minute running at 3/4
throttle you should see a distinct line of oil on the light
surface.
The clutch drum is fitted with one of the following drive
sprockets:
A Spur sprocket (the chain sprocket is welded on the
drum)
B Rim sprocket (replaceable)
A
B
Regularly check the degree of wear on the drive sprocket.
Replace if wear is excessive. Replace the drive sprocket
whenever you replace the chain.
Needle bearing lubrication
If the chain lubrication is not working:
•
Check that the oil channel in the bar is not obstructed.
Clean if necessary.
Both versions of sprockets have a needle bearing on the
drive shaft, which has to be greased regularly (once a
week). CAUTION! Use only high quality bearing grease or
engine oil.
English – 15
GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Checking wear on cutting equipment
!
Check the chain daily for:
•
Visible cracks in rivets and links.
•
Whether the chain is stiff.
•
Whether rivets and links are badly worn.
Replace the saw chain if it exhibits any of the points
above.
We recommend you compare the existing chain with a
new chain to decide how badly the existing chain is worn.
When the length of the cutting teeth has worn down to
only 5/32 inch (4 mm) the chain must be replaced.
Bar
WARNING! Most chain saw accidents
happen when the chain touches the
operator.
Wear personal protective equipment. See
instructions under the heading ”Personal
protective equipment”.
Do not tackle any job that you feel you
are not adequately trained for. See
instructions under the headings
Personal protective equipment, How to
avoid kickback, Cutting equipment and
General working instructions.
Avoid situations where there is a risk of
kickback. See instructions under the
heading Machine′′s safety equipment.
Use the recommended protective
equipment and check its condition. See
instructions under the heading General
working instructions.
Check regularly:
•
Whether there are burrs on the edges of the bar.
Remove these with a file if necessary.
•
Whether the groove in the bar has become badly
worn. Replace the bar if necessary.
•
Whether the tip of the bar is uneven or badly worn. If
a hollow forms on the underside of the bar tip this is
due to running with a slack chain.
•
To prolong the life of the bar you should turn it over
daily.
16 – English
Check that all the chain saw safety
features are working. See instructions
under the headings General working
instructions and General safety
precautions.
ASSEMBLY
Fitting the bar and chain
!
correctly located in the groove in the bar. Tighten the bar
nuts finger tight.
WARNING! Always wear gloves, when
working with the chain.
Check that the chain brake is in disengaged position by
moving the front hand guard towards the front handle.
Tension the chain by turning the chain tensioning screw
clockwise using the combination spanner. See
instructions under the heading Tensioning the chain.
Remove the bar nuts and remove the clutch cover (chain
brake). Take off the transportation ring (A).
The chain is correctly tensioned when it does not sag from
the underside of the bar, but can still be turned easily by
hand. Hold up the bar tip and tighten the bar nuts with the
combination spanner.
Fit the bar over the bar bolts. Place the bar in its rearmost
position. Place the chain over the drive sprocket locate it
in the groove on the bar. Begin on the top edge of the bar.
When fitting a new chain, the chain tension has to be
checked frequently until the chain is run-in. Check the
chain tension regularly. A correctly tensioned chain
ensures good cutting performance and long life.
Note: If clutch cover is difficult to remove, replace bar nuts,
engage brake and rerelease (an audible click will be
heard if released properly).
Make sure that the edges of the cutting links are facing
forward on the top edge of the bar.
Fit the clutch cover and locate the chain adjuster pin in the
hole in the bar. Check that the drive links of the chain fit
correctly over the drive sprocket and that the chain is
English – 17
FUEL HANDLING
Fuel
Mixing ratio
Note! The machine is equipped with a two-stroke engine
and must always be run using a mixture of gasoline and
two-stroke oil. It is important to accurately measure the
amount of oil to be mixed to ensure that the correct
mixture is obtained. When mixing small amounts of fuel,
even small inaccuracies can drastically affect the ratio of
the mixture.
!
1:50 (2%) for all engines.
Gasoline, litre
Two-stroke oil, litre
2% (1:50)
WARNING! Always ensure there is
adequate ventilation when handling fuel.
Gasoline
5
0,10
10
0,20
15
0,30
20
0,40
US gallon
US fl. oz.
1
2 1/2
2 1/2
6 1/2
5
12 7/8
Mixing
•
Use good quality unleaded gasoline.
•
CAUTION! Engines equipped with catalytic
converters must be run on unleaded fuel
mixtures. Leaded gasoline will destroy the catalytic
converter and it will no longer serve its purpose. The
green fuel cap on saws fitted with catalytic converters
means that only unleaded gasoline can be used.
•
•
The lowest recommended octane grade is 87
((RON+MON)/2). If you run the engine on a lower
octane grade than 87 so-called knocking can occur.
This gives rise to a high engine temperature and
increased bearing load, which can result in serious
engine damage.
When working with continuous high revs (e.g. limbing)
a higher octane is recommended.
•
Always mix the gasoline and oil in a clean container
intended for fuel.
•
Always start by filling half the amount of the gasoline
to be used. Then add the entire amount of oil. Mix
(shake) the fuel mixture. Add the remaining amount of
gasoline.
•
Mix (shake) the fuel mixture thoroughly before filling
the machine’s fuel tank.
•
Do not mix more than one month’s supply of fuel at a
time.
•
If the machine is not used for some time the fuel tank
should be emptied and cleaned.
Chain oil
•
We recommend the use of special oil (chain oil) with
good adhesion characteristics.
Environment fuel
HUSQVARNA recommends the use of alkylate fuel or
environmental fuel for four-stroke engines blended with
two-stroke oil as set out below. Note that carburetor
adjustment may be necessary when changing the type of
fuel (see instructions under the heading Carburetor).
Running-in
Avoid running at a too high speed for extended periods
during the first 10 hours.
Two-stroke oil
•
For best results and performance use HUSQVARNA
two-stroke engine oil, which is specially formulated for
our air-cooled two stroke-engines.
•
•
Never use two-stroke oil intended for water-cooled
engines, sometimes referred to as outboard oil (rated
TCW).
Never use waste oil. This results in damage to the oil
pump, the bar and the chain.
•
It is important to use oil of the right grade (suitable
viscosity range) to suit the air temperature.
Never use oil intended for four-stroke engines.
•
In temperatures below 32°F (0°C) some oils become
too viscous. This can overload the oil pump and result
in damage to the oil pump components.
•
Contact your service agent when choosing chain oil.
•
18 – English
FUEL HANDLING
Fueling
!
Fuel safety
•
Never refuel the machine while the engine is running.
•
Make sure there is plenty of ventilation when refuelling
or mixing fuel (gasoline and 2-stroke oil).
•
Move the machine at least 10 ft (3 m) from the
refuelling point before starting it.
•
Never start the machine:
1
If you have spilled fuel or chain oil on the machine.
Wipe off the spillage and allow remaining fuel to
evaporate.
Always stop the engine and let it cool for
a few minutes before refuelling.
2
If you have spilled fuel on yourself or your clothes,
change your clothes. Wash any part of your body that
has come in contact with fuel. Use soap and water.
When refuelling, open the fuel cap slowly
so that any excess pressure is released
gently.
3
If the machine is leaking fuel. Check regularly for leaks
from the fuel cap and fuel lines.
WARNING! Taking the following
precautions, will lessen the risk of fire:
Do not smoke and do not place any hot
objects in the vicinity of fuel.
Tighten the fuel cap carefully after
refuelling.
!
Always move the machine away from the
refuelling area before starting.
WARNING! Never use a machine with
visible damage to the spark plug guard
and ignition cable. A risk of sparking
arises, which can cause a fire.
Transport and storage
Clean the area around the fuel cap. Clean the fuel and
chain oil tanks regularly. The fuel filter must be replaced
at least once a year. Contamination in the tanks causes
malfunction. Make sure the fuel is well mixed by shaking
the container before refuelling. The capacities of the chain
oil tank and fuel tank are carefully matched. You should
therefore always fill the chain oil tank and fuel tank at the
same time.
!
WARNING! Fuel and fuel vapor are highly
flammable. Take care when handling fuel
and chain oil. Be aware of the risks of
fire, explosion and those associated with
inhalation.
•
Always store the chain saw and fuel so that there is no
risk of leakages or fumes coming into contact with
sparks or naked flames from electrical equipment,
electric motors, relays/switches, boilers and the like.
•
Always store fuel in an approved container designed
for that purpose.
•
For longer periods of storage or for transport of the
chain saw, the fuel and chain oil tanks should be
emptied. Ask where you can dispose of waste fuel and
chain oil at your local gas station.
•
The bar guard must always be fitted to the cutting
attachment when the machine is being transported or
in storage, in order to prevent accident contact with
the sharp chain. Even a non-moving chain can cause
serious cuts to yourself or persons you bump into with
an exposed chain.
•
Remove the spark plug cap from the spark plug.
Activate the chain brake.
•
Secure the machine during transport.
Long-term storage
Empty the fuel/oil tanks in a well ventilated area. Store the
fuel in approved cans in a safe place. Fit the bar guard.
Clean the machine. See instructions under the heading
Maintenance schedule.
Ensure the machine is cleaned and that a complete
service is carried out before long-term storage.
English – 19
STARTING AND STOPPING
Starting and stopping
WARNING! Note the following before
starting:
!
starter pawls engage) then pull firmly and rapidly until the
engine fires.
Push down the red choke control as soon as the engine
fires which can be heard through a "puff" sound. Keep on
pulling the cord powerfully until the engine starts.
Warm engine
The chain brake must be engaged when
the chain saw is started to reduce the
chance of contact with the moving chain
during starting.
Start position (1): The correct choke/start throttle setting
for warm starting is obtained by initially moving the choke
control by pulling the red control outward - upwards.
Never start a chain saw unless the bar,
chain and all covers are fitted correctly.
Otherwise the clutch can come loose and
cause personal injuries.
Decompression valve (2): Press the valve to reduce the
pressure in the cylinder and make starting easier. Once
the machine has started the valve will automatically return
to its original setting.
Keep people and animals well away from
the working area.
Air purge (3): Press the air purge diaphragm repeatedly
until fuel begins to fill the diaphragm (about 6 times). The
diaphragm need not be completely filled. Push down the
red choke control as soon as the engine fires which can
be heard through a "puff" sound. Keep on pulling the cord
powerfully until the engine starts.
Never wrap the starter cord around your
hand.
Grip the front handle with your left hand. Put your right
foot into the boot grip through the lower section of the rear
handle pressing the machine against the ground.
Place the machine on firm ground. Make
sure you have a secure footing and that
the chain cannot touch anything.
Starting
The chain brake should be activated when starting the
chain saw. Activate the chain brake by pushing the front
hand guard forwards.
Pull the starter handle with your right hand and pull out the
starter cord slowly until you feel a resistance (as the
starter pawls engage) then pull firmly and rapidly until the
engine fires.
NOTE! Do not pull the starter cord all the way out and do
not let go of the starter handle when the cord is fully
extended. This can damage the machine.
Cold engine
Start position (1): Set the start/stop switch in the choke
position by pulling the red control outward - upward.
Decompression valve (2): Press the valve to reduce the
pressure in the cylinder and make starting easier. Once
the machine has started the valve will automatically return
to its original setting.
Air purge (3): Press the air purge diaphragm repeatedly
until fuel begins to fill the diaphragm (about 6 times). The
diaphragm need not be completely filled.
2
3
1
Grip the front handle with your left hand. Put your right
foot into the boot grip through the lower section of the rear
handle pressing the machine against the ground.
Pull the starter handle with your right hand and pull out the
starter cord slowly until you feel a resistance (as the
20 – English
As the chain brake is still activated the engine must return
to idling speed as soon as possible by disengaging the
throttle latch in order to avoid unnecessery wear on the
clutch assembly.
STARTING AND STOPPING
Note! Pull the front hand guard towards the front handle.
The chain brake is now disengaged. Your saw is ready for
use.
!
WARNING! Long term inhalation of the
engine’s exhaust fumes, chain oil mist
and dust from sawdust can represent a
health risk.
•
Never start a chain saw unless the bar, chain and all
covers are fitted correctly. See instructions under the
heading Assembly. Without a bar and chain attached
to the chain saw the clutch can come loose and cause
serious injury.
•
The chain brake should be activated when starting. Se
instructions under the heading Start and stop. Do not
drop start. This method is very dangerous because
you may lose control of the saw.
•
Never start the machine indoors. Exhaust fumes can
be dangerous if inhaled.
•
Observe your surroundings and make sure that there
is no risk of people or animals coming into contact with
the cutting equipment.
•
Always hold the saw with both hands. The right hand
should be on the rear handle, and the left hand on the
front handle. All people, whether right or left handed,
should use this grip. Use a firm grip with thumbs and
fingers encircling the chain saw handles.
Stopping
Stop the engine by pushing the start/stop switch down.
NOTE! The start/stop switch automatically returns to run
position. To avoid involuntary start up, the spark plug cap
must always be removed from the spark plug when the
machine is unsupervised.
English – 21
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Before use:
6, 8
1
Check that the chain brake works correctly and is not
damaged.
2
Check that the rear right hand guard is not damaged.
3
Check that the throttle lockout works correctly and is
not damaged.
4
Check that the stop switch works correctly and is not
damaged.
5
Check that all handles are free from oil.
6
Check that the anti vibration system works and is not
damaged.
7
Check that the muffler is securely attached and not
damaged.
8
Check that all parts of the chain saw are tightened
correctly and that they are not damaged or missing.
9
Check that the chain catcher is in place and not
damaged.
Basic safety rules
1
Look around you:
•
To ensure that people, animals or other things cannot
affect your control of the machine.
•
To make sure that none of the above might come
within reach of your saw or be injured by falling trees.
CAUTION! Follow the instructions above, but do not use a
chain saw in a situation where you cannot call for help in
case of an accident.
2
Do not use the machine in bad weather, such as
dense fog, heavy rain, strong wind, intense cold, etc.
Working in bad weather is tiring and often brings
added risks, such as icy ground, unpredictable felling
direction, etc.
3
Take great care when removing small branches and
avoid cutting bushes (i.e. cutting many small branches
at the same time). Small branches can be grabbed by
the chain and thrown back at you, causing serious
injury.
4
Make sure you can move and stand safely. Check the
area around you for possible obstacles (roots, rocks,
branches, ditches, etc.) in case you have to move
suddenly. Take great care when working on sloping
ground.
5
Take great care when cutting a tree that is under
tension. A tree that is under tension may spring back
to its normal position before or after being cut. If you
position yourself incorrectly or make the cut in the
wrong place the tree may hit you or the machine and
cause you to lose control. Both situations can cause
serious personal injury.
6
Before moving your chain saw switch off the engine
and lock the chain using the chain brake. Carry the
chain saw with the bar and chain pointing backwards.
Fit a guard to the bar before transporting the chain
saw or carrying it for any distance.
7
When you put the chain saw on the ground, lock the
saw chain using the chain brake and ensure you have
a constant view of the machine. Switch the engine off
before leaving your chain saw for any length of time.
10 Check the chain tension.
General working instructions
IMPORTANT!
This section describes basic safety rules for using a
chain saw. This information is never a substitute for
professional skills and experience. If you get into a
situation where you feel unsafe, stop and seek expert
advice. Contact your chain saw dealer, service agent or
an experienced chain saw user. Do not attempt any task
that you are not sure you can handle!
Before using a chain saw you must understand the
effects of kickback and how to avoid them. See
instructions under the heading How to avoid kickback.
Before using a chain saw you must understand the
difference between cutting with the top and bottom
edges of the bar. See instructions under the headings
How to avoid kickback and Machine’s safety equipment.
Wear personal protective equipment. See instructions
under the heading ”Personal protective equipment”.
22 – English
!
WARNING! Sometimes chips get stuck in
the clutch cover causing the chain to
jam. Always stop the engine before
cleaning.
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General rules
4
Never use the chain saw above shoulder height
and avoid cutting with the tip of the bar. Never use
the chain saw one-handed!
Always hold the chain saw firmly with your right hand
on the rear handle and your left hand on the front
handle. Wrap your fingers and thumbs around the
handles. You should use this grip whether you are
right-handed or left-handed. This grip minimizes the
effect of kickback and lets you keep the chain saw
under control. Do not let go of the handles!
5
In order to keep control of your saw, always maintain
a firm foothold. Never work on a ladder, in a tree or on
any other insecure support.
Most kickback accidents happen during limbing. Make
sure you are standing firmly and that there is nothing
in the way that might make you trip or lose your
balance.
6
Always use a fast cutting speed, i.e. full throttle.
7
Take great care when you cut with the top edge of the
bar, i.e. when cutting from the underside of the object.
This is known as cutting with a pushing chain. The
chain tries to push the chain saw back towards the
user. If the saw chain is jamming, the saw may be
pushed back at you.
8
Unless the user resists this pushing force there is a
risk that the chain saw will move so far backwards that
only the kickback zone of the bar is in contact with the
tree, which can lead to a kickback.
1
If you understand what kickback is and how it happens
then you can reduce or eliminate the element of
surprise. By being prepared you reduce the risk.
Kickback is usually quite mild, but it can sometimes be
very sudden and violent.
2
3
Lack of concentration can lead to kickback if the
kickback zone of the bar accidentally touches a
branch, nearby tree or some other object.
Have control over the workpiece. If the pieces you
intend to cut are small and light, they can jam in the
saw chain and be thrown towards you. Even if this
does not need to be a danger, you may be surprised
and lose control of the saw. Never saw stacked logs or
branches without first separating them. Only saw one
log or one piece at a time. Remove the cut pieces to
keep your working area safe.
Cutting with the bottom edge of the bar, i.e. from the
top of the object downwards, is known as cutting with
a pulling chain. In this case the chain saw pulls itself
towards the tree and the front edge of the chain saw
body rests naturally on the trunk when cutting. Cutting
with a pulling chain gives the operator better control
English – 23
WORKING TECHNIQUES
over the chain saw and the position of the kickback
zone.
9
Make sure the object you are cutting will not split.
3
Make sure the chain will not strike the ground or any
other object during or after cutting.
4
Is there a risk of kickback?
5
Do the conditions and surrounding terrain affect how
safely you can stand and move about?
Follow the instructions on sharpening and maintaining
your bar and chain. When you replace the bar and
chain use only combinations that are recommended
by us. See instructions under the headings Cutting
equipment and Technical data.
Basic cutting technique
!
WARNING! Never use a chain saw by
holding it with one hand. A chain saw is
not safely controlled with one hand.
Always have a secure, firm grip around
the handles with both hands.
General
•
Always use full throttle when cutting!
•
Reduce the speed to idle after every cut (running the
engine for too long at full throttle without any load, i.e.
without any resistance from the chain during cutting,
can lead to serious engine damage).
•
Cutting from above = Cutting with a pulling chain.
•
Cutting from below = Cutting with pushing chain.
Cutting with a pushing chain increases the risk of
kickback. See instructions under the heading How to
avoid kickback.
Terms
Cutting = General term for cutting through wood.
Limbing = Cutting branches off a felled tree.
Splitting = When the object you are cutting breaks off
before the cut is complete.
There are five important factors you should consider
before making a cut:
1
2
Make sure the cutting equipment will not jam in the
cut.
24 – English
Two factors decide whether the chain will jam or the object
that you are cutting will split: the first is how the object is
supported before and after cutting, and the second is
whether it is in tension.
In most cases you can avoid these problems by cutting in
two stages; from the top and from the bottom. You need to
support the object so that it will not trap the chain or split
during cutting.
IMPORTANT! If the chain jams in the cut: stop the
engine! Don’t try to pull the chain saw free. If you do you
may be injured by the chain when the chain saw
suddenly breaks free. Use a lever to open up the cut and
free the chain saw.
The following instructions describe how to handle the
common situations you are likely to encounter when using
a chain saw.
Limbing
When limbing thick branches you should use the same
approach as for cutting.
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Cut difficult branches piece by piece.
1
Turn the log and finish the cut from the opposite side.
2
3
The log is supported at one end. There is a high risk
that it will split.
Cutting
!
WARNING! Never attempt to cut logs
while they are in a pile or when a couple
of logs are lying together. Such
procedures drastically increase the risk
of kickback which can result in a serious
or fatal injury.
If you have a pile of logs, each log you attempt to cut
should be removed from the pile, placed on a saw horse
or runners and cut individually.
Remove the cut pieces from the cutting area. By leaving
them in the cutting area, you increase the risk for
inadvertently getting a kickback, as well as increasing the
risk of losing your balance while working.
Start by cutting from below (about 1/3 of the way through).
Finish by cutting from above so that the two cuts meet.
The log is supported at both ends. There is a high risk
that the chain will jam.
Start by cutting from above (about 1/3 of the way through).
Finish by cutting from below so that the two cuts meet.
The log is lying on the ground. There is little risk of the
chain jamming or the object splitting. However there is a
risk that the chain will touch the ground when you finish
the cut.
Tree felling technique
IMPORTANT! It takes a lot of experience to fell a tree.
Inexperienced users of chain saws should not fell trees.
Do not attempt any task beyond your experience level!
Cut all the way through the log from above. Avoid letting
the chain touch the ground as you finish the cut. Maintain
full throttle but be prepared for what might happen.
Safe distance
The safe distance between a tree that is to be felled and
anyone else working nearby is at least 2 1/2 tree lengths.
Make sure that no-one else is in this ”risk zone” before or
during felling.
If it is possible (can you turn the log?) stop cutting about
2/3 of the way through the log.
English – 25
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Felling direction
The aim is to fell the tree in a position where you can limb
and cross-cut the log as easily as possible. You want it to
fall in a location where you can stand and move about
safely.
starts to fall. Your path of retreat should be roughly 135
degrees away from the intended felling direction.
1
Once you have decided which way you want the tree to fall
you must judge which way the tree would fall naturally.
Several factors affect this:
•
Lean of the tree
•
Bend
•
Wind direction
•
Arrangement of branches
•
Weight of snow
•
Obstacles within the reach of the tree: for example,
other trees, power lines, roads and buildings.
•
Look for signs of damage and rot in the stem, this
makes it more probably that the tree will break and
start to fall before you expect it to.
You may find you are forced to let the tree fall in its natural
direction because it is impossible or dangerous to try to
make it fall in the direction you first intended.
Another very important factor, which does not affect the
felling direction but does affect your safety, is to make sure
the tree has no damaged or dead branches that might
break off and hit you during felling.
3
2
1
1
2
1
Danger zone
2
Retreat path
3
Felling direction
Felling
!
WARNING! Unless you have special
training we advise you not to fell trees
with a diameter larger than the bar length
of your saw!
Felling is done using three cuts. First you make the
directional cuts, which consist of the top cut and the
bottom cut, then you finish with the felling cut. By placing
these cuts correctly you can control the felling direction
very accurately.
Directional cuts
The main point to avoid is letting the tree fall onto another
tree. It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and
there is high accident risk. See instructions under the
heading Freeing a tree that has fallen badly.
To make the directional cut you begin with the top cut. Aim
using to the saw’s felling direction mark (1) toward a goal
further forward in the terrain, where you would like the tree
to fall (2). Stand on the right-hand side of the tree, behind
the saw, and cut with a pull stroke.
IMPORTANT! During critical felling operations, hearing
protectors should be lifted immediately when sawing is
completed so that sounds and warning signals can be
heard.
Next make the bottom cut so that it finishes exactly at the
end of the top cut.
Clearing the trunk and preparing your retreat
Delimb the stem up to shoulder height. It is safer to work
from the top down and to have the tree between you and
the saw.
1
2
The directional cuts should run 1/4 of the diameter
through the trunk and the angle between the top cut and
bottom cut should be 45°.
The line where the two cuts meet is called the directional
cut line. This line should be perfectly horizontal and at
right angles (90°) to the chosen felling direction.
Remove any undergrowth from the base of the tree and
check the area for obstacles (stones, branches, holes,
etc.) so that you have a clear path of retreat when the tree
26 – English
WORKING TECHNIQUES
Felling cut
The felling cut is made from the opposite side of the tree
and it must be perfectly horizontal. Stand on the left side
of the tree and cut on the pull stroke.
find out which lengths of bar are recommended for your
saw.
Make the felling cut about 1.5-2 inches (3-5 cm) above the
bottom directional cut.
There are methods for felling trees with a diameter larger
than the bar length. However these methods involve a
much greater risk that the kickback zone of the bar will
come into contact with the tree.
Finish the felling cut parallel with the directional cut line so
that the distance between them is at least 1/10 of the
trunk diameter. The uncut section of the trunk is called the
felling hinge.
The felling hinge controls the direction that the tree falls in.
Freeing a tree that has fallen badly
Freeing a ”trapped tree”
It is very dangerous to remove a trapped tree and there is
high accident risk.
Never try to fell the tree that is trapped.
Never work in the risk zone of the hanging trapped tree.
All control over the felling direction is lost if the felling
hinge is too narrow or non-existent, or if the directional
cuts and felling cut are badly placed.
The safest method is to use a winch.
When the felling cut and directional cut are complete the
tree should start to fall by itself or with the aid of a felling
wedge or breaking bar.
•
Tractor-mounted
•
Portable
Cutting trees and branches that are in tension
Preparations: Work out which side is in tension and where
the point of maximum tension is (i.e. where it would break
if it was bent even more).
Decide which is the safest way to release the tension and
whether you are able to do it safely. In complicated
situations the only safe method is to put aside your chain
saw and use a winch.
We recommend that you use a bar that is longer than the
diameter of the tree, so that you can make the felling cut
and directional cuts with single cutting strokes. See
instructions under the heading Technical data section to
English – 27
WORKING TECHNIQUES
General advice:
What is kickback?
Position yourself so that you will be clear of the tree or
branch when the tension is released.
The word kickback is used to describe the sudden
reaction that causes the chain saw and bar to jump off an
object when the upper quadrant of the tip of the bar,
known as the kickback zone, touches an object.
Make one or more cuts at or near the point of maximum
tension. Make as many cuts of sufficient depth as
necessary to reduce the tension and make the tree or
branch break at the point of maximum tension.
Never cut straight through a tree or branch that is in
tension!
If you must cut across tree/limb, make two to three cuts,
one inch apart, one to two inches deep.
Kickback always occurs in the cutting plane of the bar.
Normally the chain saw and bar are thrown backwards
and upwards towards the user. However, the chain saw
may move in a different direction depending on the way it
was being used when the kickback zone of the bar
touched the object.
Continue to cut deeper until tree/limb bends and tension
is released.
Kickback only occurs if the kickback zone of the bar
touches an object.
Cut tree/limb from outside the bend, after tension has
been released.
How to avoid kickback
!
WARNING! Kickback can happen very
suddenly and violently; kicking the chain
saw, bar and chain back at the user. If
this happens when the chain is moving it
can cause very serious, even fatal
injuries. It is vital you understand what
causes kickback and that you can avoid
it by taking care and using the right
working technique.
Limbing
!
WARNING! A majority of kickback
accidents occur during limbing. Do not
use the kickback zone of the guide bar.
Be extremely cautious and avoid
contacting the log, other limbs or objects
with the nose of the guide bar. Be
extremely cautious of limbs under
tension. They can spring back toward
you and cause loss of control resulting
in injury.
Make sure that you can stand and move about safely.
Work on the left side of the trunk. Work as close as
possible to the chain saw for maximum control. If possible,
let the weight of the chain saw rest on the trunk.
Keep the trunk between you and the chain saw as you
move along the trunk.
Cutting the trunk into logs
See instructions under the heading Basic cutting
technique.
28 – English
MAINTENANCE
General
Chain brake and front hand guard
The user must only carry out the maintenance and
service work described in this manual. More extensive
work must be carried out by an authorized service
workshop.
Checking brake band wear
Carburetor adjustment
Brush off any wood dust, resin and dirt from the chain
brake and clutch drum. Dirt and wear can impair operation
of the brake.
Your Husqvarna product has been designed and
manufactured to specifications that reduce harmful
emissions.
AutoTune
If the engine is equipped with AutoTune, manual
adjustment of the carburettor’s H and L needles and the Tscrew no longer applies. Both needles and the T-screw
have been removed. AutoTune is a function that adjusts
the carburettor electronically, always resulting in optimal
adjustment.
Function
•
The carburetor governs the engine’s speed via the
throttle control. Air and fuel are mixed in the
carburetor. The air/fuel mixture is adjustable.
•
The automatic adjustment of the carburettor means
that the engine is adapted to local conditions, e.g. the
climate, altitude, petrol and the type of 2-stroke oil.
This function is controlled by AutoTune.
Regularly check that the brake band is at least 0.024 inch
(0.6 mm) thick at its thinnest point.
Checking the front hand guard
Make sure the front hand guard is not damaged and that
there are no visible defects such as cracks.
Engine adjustment
The following steps should be taken when the chain saw
is started for the first time or when outside circumstances
change (fuel, altitude, air filter etc.): Start the engine.
Accelerate the engine to full throttle and saw a number of
cuts in a thick log (3-5 min.).
The chain saw must be run (8,000 - 12,000 rpm) the entire
time so that the carburettor can adjust itself.
Move the front hand guard forwards and back to make
sure it moves freely and that it is securely anchored to the
clutch cover.
Conditions
NOTE! There is an integrated speed governor in the
ignition system that limits the maximum speed. When the
speed governor is activated, you will get the same sound
experience as when the chain saw 4-cycles.
Checking, maintaining and
servicing chain saw safety
equipment
Note! All servicing and repair work on the machine
requires special training. This is especially true of the
machine′s safety equipment. If your machine fails any of
the checks described below we recommend you to
contact our servicing dealer.
Checking the inertia brake release
With the engine turned off, hold the chain saw over a
stump or other firm object. Let go of the front handle so
English – 29
MAINTENANCE
that the bar drops towards the stump as the chain saw
rotates around the rear handle.
Throttle lockout
•
Make sure the throttle control is locked at the idle
setting when the throttle lockout is released.
When the bar hits the stump the brake should be
applied.
•
Press the throttle lockout and make sure it returns to
its original position when you release it.
Checking the brake trigger
•
Check that the throttle control and throttle lockout
move freely and that the return springs work properly.
•
Start the chain saw and apply full throttle. Release the
throttle control and check that the chain stops and
remains stationary. If the chain rotates when the
throttle control is in the idle position you should check
the carburetor idle adjustment.
Place the chain saw on firm ground and start it. Make sure
the chain does not touch the ground or any other object.
See the instructions under the heading Start and stop.
Chain catcher
Grasp the chain saw firmly, wrapping your fingers and
thumbs around the handles.
Check that the chain catcher is not damaged and is firmly
attached to the body of the chain saw.
Apply full throttle and activate the chain brake by tilting
your left wrist forward onto the front hand guard. Do not let
go of the front handle. The chain should stop
immediately.
30 – English
MAINTENANCE
Right hand guard
Muffler
Check that the right hand guard is not damaged and that
there are no visible defects, such as cracks.
Never use a machine that has a faulty muffler.
Vibration damping system
Regularly check that the muffler is securely attached to
the machine.
Regularly check the vibration damping units for cracks or
deformation.
Make sure the vibration damping units are securely
attached to the engine unit and handle unit.
Stop switch
Start the engine and make sure the engine stops when
you move the stop switch to the stop setting.
Some mufflers are equipped with a special spark arrestor
screen. If your machine has this type of muffler, you
should clean the screen at least once a week. This is best
done with a wire brush. A blocked screen will cause the
engine to overheat and may lead to serious damage.
Note! The screen must be replaced if it is damaged. If the
screen is blocked the machine will overheat and this will
cause damage to the cylinder and piston. Never use a
machine with a muffler that is in poor condition. Never
use a muffler if the spark arrestor screen is missing
or defective.
NOTE! The start/stop switch automatically returns to run
position. In order to prevent unintentional starting, the
spark plug cap must be removed from the spark plug
when assembling, checking and/or performing
maintenance.
The muffler is designed to reduce the noise level and to
direct the exhaust gases away from the operator. The
exhaust gases are hot and can contain sparks, which may
cause fire if directed against dry and combustible
material.
A muffler equipped with a catalytic converter significantly
reduces the amount of hydrocarbons (HC), nitrogen
oxides (NO) and aldehydes in the exhaust fumes. Carbon
English – 31
MAINTENANCE
monoxide (CO), which is poisonous and odorless, is not
however reduced! Consequently, never work in an
enclosed or badly ventilated area. Good air circulation
should always prevail when working in snowy hollows,
ravines or in confined conditions.
handle. Make a secure knot in the end of the starter
cord.
Starter
!
WARNING! When the recoil spring is
wound up in the starter housing it is
under tension and can, if handled
carelessly, pop out and cause personal
injury.
Care must be exercised when replacing
the return spring or the starter cord.
Wear protective glasses and protective
gloves.
Tensioning the recoil spring
•
Changing a broken or worn starter cord
Hook the starter cord in the notch in the pulley and
turn the starter pulley about 2 turns clockwise.
Note! Check that the pulley can be turned an
additional 1/2 turn when the starter cord is pulled all
the way out.
•
Loosen the screws that hold the starter against the
crankcase and remove the starter.
Changing a broken recoil spring
•
•
Pull out the cord approx. 30 cm (12 inches) and hook
it into the notch in the rim of the pulley. Release the
recoil spring by letting the pulley rotate slowly
backwards.
Undo the screw in the centre of the pulley and remove
the pulley. Insert and fasten a new starter cord to the
pulley. Wind approx. 3 turns of the starter cord onto
the pulley. Connect the pulley to the recoil spring so
that the end of the spring engages in the pulley. Fit the
screw in the center of the pulley. Insert the starter cord
through the hole in the starter housing and the starter
32 – English
•
Lift up the starter pulley. See instructions under the
heading Changing a broken or worn starter cord.
Remember that the recoil spring is coiled under
tension in the starter housing.
•
Remove the cassette with the recoil spring from the
starter.
•
Lubricate the recoil spring with light oil. Fit the
cassette with recoil spring in the starter. Fit the starter
pulley and tension the recoil spring.
MAINTENANCE
Fitting the starter
•
To fit the starter, first pull out the starter cord and place
the starter in position against the crankcase. Then
slowly release the starter cord so that the pulley
engages with the pawls.
•
Fit and tighten the screws that hold the starter.
Spark plug
The spark plug condition is influenced by:
•
Incorrect carburetor adjustment.
•
An incorrect fuel mixture (too much or incorrect type of
oil).
•
A dirty air filter.
These factors cause deposits on the spark plug
electrodes, which may result in operating problems and
starting difficulties.
Air filter
If the machine is low on power, difficult to start or runs
poorly at idle speed: always check the spark plug first
before taking any further action. If the spark plug is dirty,
clean it and check that the electrode gap is 0.020 inch (0.5
mm). The spark plug should be replaced after about a
month in operation or earlier if necessary.
The air filter must be regularly cleaned to remove dust and
dirt in order to avoid:
•
Carburettor malfunctions
•
Starting problems
•
Loss of engine power
•
Unnecessary wear to engine parts
•
Excessive fuel consumption.
•
Remove the air filter after taking off the air filter cover.
When refitting make sure that the air filter seals tightly
against the filter holder. Clean the filter by brushing or
shaking it.
Note! Always use the recommended spark plug type! Use
of the wrong spark plug can damage the piston/cylinder.
Check that the spark plug is fitted with a suppressor.
Lubricating the bar tip sprocket
Lubricate the bar tip sprocket each time you refuel. Use
the special grease gun and a good quality bearing grease.
The filter can be cleaned more thoroughly by washing it in
water and detergent.
An air filter that has been in use for a long time cannot be
cleaned completely. The filter must therefore be replaced
with a new one at regular intervals. A damaged air filter
must always be replaced.
A HUSQVARNA chain saw can be equipped with different
types of air filters according to working conditions,
weather, season, etc. Contact your dealer for advice.
Needle bearing lubrication
The clutch drum has a needle bearing on the output shaft.
This needle bearing must be lubricated regularly (once a
week).
When lubricating, remove the clutch cover by loosening
the two bar nuts. Lay the saw on its side with the clutch
drum upwards.
English – 33
MAINTENANCE
Lubrication involves grease being squirted into the centre
of the crankshaft using a grease gun.
Adjustment of the oil pump
The oil pump is adjustable. Adjustments are made by
turning the screw using a screwdriver or combination
spanner. The machine is supplied from the factory with
the screw set to middle position. Turning the screw
clockwise will reduce the oil flow and turning the screw
anti-clockwise will increase the oil flow.
3
Fins on the flywheel.
4
Cooling fins on the cylinder.
5
Cylinder cover (directs cold air over the cylinder).
Clean the cooling system with a brush once a week, more
often in demanding conditions. A dirty or blocked cooling
system results in the machine overheating which causes
damage to the piston and cylinder.
Note! The cooling system on a chain saw with catalytic
converter must be cleaned daily. This is particularly
important on chain saws with catalytic converters,
because the higher exhaust temperature requires efficient
cooling of the engine and the catalytic converter unit.
”Air Injection” centrifugal
cleaning
Centrifugal cleaning means the following: All air to the
carburetor passes through the starter. Dirt and dust is
pushed out by the cooling fan.
+ –
Recommended settings:
Bar 13"-15": Minimum flow
Bar 16”-18”: Medium flow
Bar 20"-28": Maximum flow
!
WARNING! The engine must be stopped
when making adjustments.
Cooling system
To keep the working temperature as low as possible the
machine is equipped with a cooling system.
The cooling system consists of:
1
Air intake on the starter.
2
Air guide plate.
34 – English
IMPORTANT! In order to maintain operation of the
centrifugal cleaning system it must be regularly
maintained. Clean the air intake to the starter, the fins on
the flywheel, the space around the flywheel, inlet pipe and
carburetor compartment.
Winter use
Running problems can occur when using the machine in
the cold and snowy conditions caused by:
•
Too low engine temperature.
•
Icing of the air filter and carburetor.
Special measures are therefore often required:
•
Partly mask the air inlet on the starter to increase the
working temperature of the engine.
•
Preheat the intake air to the carburetor by using the
heat from the cylinder.
MAINTENANCE
Temperature 0°°C (32°°F) or colder:
Heated handles
560XPG, 562XPG
The intermediate wall is designed so it can be adjusted for
running in cold weather, so that preheated air from the
cylinder can pass into the carburettor space preventing
icing of the air filter, etc. Lift off the air filter to obtain better
access. Use a screwdriver to carefully knock away the
plug in the partition.
On models with the model code XPG both the front
handle bar and the rear handle are equipped with
electrical heating coils. These are supplied with electricity
from a generator built into the chain saw.
When the switch is pushed upwards, the heat is switched
on. When the switch is pushed downwards, the heat is
switched off.
Electrical carburetor heating
560XPG, 562XPG
For temperatures below -5°C and/or in snow conditions a
special cover is available, which is mounted on the starter
housing.
On models with the designation XPG there is an
electrically heated carburetor. Electrically powered
heating prevents ice formation in the carburetor. A
thermostat regulates the heating so that the carburetor
always has the right working temperature.
Part number: 522 98 65-01.
These reduce the flow of cooling air and prevent large
amounts of snow from being sucked into the carburetor
space.
IMPORTANT! If the temperature rises above 23°F (5°C) or 32°F (0°C) respectively, the starter housing
cover MUST be removed and the accompanying plug,
art. no. 503 40 59-01 fitted in the hole in the partition
wall. Otherwise there is a risk of overheating, resulting
in severe damage to the engine.
English – 35
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance schedule
The following is a list of the maintenance that must be performed on the machine. Most of the items are described in the
Maintenance section.
Daily maintenance
Weekly maintenance
Monthly maintenance
Clean the outside of the machine.
On chain saws without a catalytic
converter, check the cooling system
weekly.
Check the brake band on the chain
brake for wear. Replace when less
than 0.024 inch (0.6 mm) remains at
the most worn point.
Check that the components of the
throttle control work safely. (Throttle
lockout and throttle control.)
Check the starter, starter cord and
return spring.
Check the clutch centre, clutch drum
and clutch spring for wear.
Clean the chain brake and check that
it operates safely. Make sure that the
chain catcher is undamaged, and
replace it if necessary.
Check that the vibration damping
elements are not damaged.
Clean the spark plug. Check that the
electrode gap is 0.020 inch (0.5 mm).
The bar should be turned daily for
more even wear. Check the
lubrication hole in the bar, to be sure it
is not clogged. Clean the bar groove.
If the bar has a sprocket tip, this
should be lubricated.
Lubricate the clutch drum bearing.
Clean the outside of the carburetor.
Check that the bar and chain are
getting sufficient oil.
File off any burrs from the edges of
the bar.
Check fuel hose for cracks or other
damage. Change if necessary.
Check the saw chain with regard to
visible cracks in the rivets and links,
whether the saw chain is stiff or
whether the rivets and links are
abnormally worn. Replace if
necessary.
Clean or replace the spark arrestor
screen on the muffler.
Empty the fuel tank and clean the
inside.
Sharpen the chain and check its
tension and condition. Check the drive
sprocket for excessive wear and
replace if necessary.
Clean the carburetor compartment.
Empty the oil tank and clean the
inside.
Clean the starter units air intake.
Clean the air filter. Replace if
necessary.
Check all cables and connections.
Check that nuts and screws are tight.
Check that the stop switch works
correctly.
Check that there are no fuel leaks
from the engine, tank or fuel lines.
On chain saws with a catalytic
converter, check the cooling system
daily.
36 – English
TECHNICAL DATA
Technical data
Motor
Cylinder displacement, cu.in/cm3
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
Stroke, inch/mm
Idle speed, rpm
Power, kW/hp @ rpm
Ignition system
Spark plug
Electrode gap, inch/mm
Fuel and lubrication system
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
Oil pump capacity at 9,000 rpm, ml/min
Oil tank capacity, US pint/litre
Type of oil pump
Weight
Chain saw without bar or chain, empty tanks, lb/kg
Chain/bar
Standard bar length, inch/cm
Recommended bar lengths, inch/cm
Usable cutting length, inches/cm
Pitch, inch/mm
Thickness of drive links, inch/mm
Drive sprocket type/teeth
Chain speed at max. power, m/sec
Motor
Cylinder displacement, cu.in/cm3
Cylinder bore, inch/mm
Stroke, inch/mm
Idle speed, rpm
Power, kW/hp @ rpm
Ignition system
Spark plug
Electrode gap, inch/mm
Fuel and lubrication system
Fuel tank capacity, US pint/litre
Oil pump capacity at 9,000 rpm, ml/min
Oil tank capacity, US pint/litre
Type of oil pump
Weight
Chain saw without bar or chain, empty tanks, lb/kg
Chain/bar
Standard bar length, inch/cm
Recommended bar lengths, inch/cm
Usable cutting length, inches/cm
Pitch, inch/mm
Thickness of drive links, inch/mm
Drive sprocket type/teeth
Chain speed at max. power, m/sec
555
560XP
560XPG
3,65/59,8
1,81/46
1,42/36
2800
3,1/4,2 @ 9600
3,65/59,8
1,81/46
1,42/36
2800
3,5/4,8 @ 9600
3,65/59,8
1,81/46
1,42/36
2800
3,5/4,8 @ 9600
NGK CMR6H
0,02/0,5
NGK CMR6H
0,02/0,5
NGK CMR6H
0,02/0,5
1,37/0,65
6-15
0,7/0,33
Automatic
1,37/0,65
6-15
0,7/0,33
Automatic
1,37/0,65
6-15
0,7/0,33
Automatic
11,9/5,4
11,9/5,4
12,3/5,6
16”/41
13-24"/33-61
12-23"/31-58
0,325/8,25
3/8" /9,52
0,058/1,5
0,050/1,3
Rim/7
21,3
18”/46
13-24"/33-61
12-23"/31-58
0,325/8,25
3/8" /9,52
0,058/1,5
0,050/1,3
Rim/7
21,3
18"/46
13-24"/33-61
12-23"/31-58
0,325/8,25
3/8" /9,52
0,058/1,5
0,050/1,3
Rim/7
21,3
562XP
562XPG
3,65/59,8
1,81/46
1,42/36
2800
3,5/4,8 @ 9600
3,65/59,8
1,81/46
1,42/36
2800
3,5/4,8 @ 9600
NGK CMR6H
0,02/0,5
NGK CMR6H
0,02/0,5
1,37/0,65
6-15
0,74/0,35
Automatic
1,37/0,65
6-15
0,74/0,35
Automatic
12,3/5,6
12,8/5,8
20"/51
16-28”/41-71
15-27”/38-69
3/8" /9,52
0,050/1,3
0,058/1,5
Rim/7
21,3
20"/51
16-28”/41-71
15-27”/38-69
3/8" /9,52
0,050/1,3
0,058/1,5
Rim/7
21,3
English – 37
TECHNICAL DATA
Recommended original and replacement bar and chain combinations
Following is a list of recommended cutting equipment for the Husqvarna chain saw models 555, 560XP, 560XPG, 562XP
and 562XPG.
The combinations of power head, bar and chain have been investigated in accordance with the kickback and vibration
requirements of ANSI B175.1–2000.
The guide bar nose radius is determined by either the maximum number of teeth in the nose sprocket or the
corresponding maximum nose radius of a solid bar.
The following list is the chain saw manufacturers recommendations. There may be other combinations available, which
will also achieve kickback reduction.
As we are listing the maximum guide bar nose radius, you may use a guide bar with smaller nose radius than in our list.
For guide bars of the same length, all sprocket-nose guide bars of the same pitch and having the same number of
sprocket teeth may be considered to have equivalent kickback energy. A hard nose bar having the same length and nose
radius as a sprocket-nose bar may be considered to have equivalent or less kickback energy than the sprocket-nose bar.
Low kickback saw chain is a chain which has only met the kickback performance requirements of ANSI B 175.1 safety
requirements for gasoline powered chain saws when tested on the representative sample of chain saws below 3.8 cu.
in. specified in ANSI 175.1. We recommend that you as a replacement use the listed chains or "Low kickback saw chains"
which are available at your dealer. Saw chains Husqvarna H81 and H80 are both examples of listed ”Low kickback
sawchains”.
The following cutting attachments are approved for the models Husqvarna 555, 560XP and 560XPG.
Bar
Length, inch
Pitch, inch
Gauge, inch
13
Chain
Max. nose
radius
Drive link
count
Type
56
10T
15
16
64
0,325
12T
18
20
Husqvarna H25
72
78
0,058
15
56
16
18
66
60
3/8
11T
Husqvarna H42,
Husqvarna H48
68
20
72
24
84
The following cutting attachments are approved for the models Husqvarna 562XP and 562XPG.
Bar
Length, inch
Pitch, inch
Gauge, inch
Chain
Max. nose
radius
Type
16
60
18
20
Drive link
count
68
3/8
0,058
11T
Husqvarna H42,
Husqvarna H48
72
24
84
28
92
38 – English
TECHNICAL DATA
Saw chain filing and file gauges
80
55
Note: For the chains above you are free to choose between 0,050" and 0,058" gauge drive link for the corresponding
bar, see the table below.
0,050"/1,3 mm
H46
H47
0,058"/1,5 mm
H42
H48
English – 39
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
YOUR WARRANTY RIGHTS AND
OBLIGATIONS
The EPA (The US Environmental Protection Agency),
Environment Canada and Husqvarna Forest & Garden
are pleased to explain the emissions control system
warranty on your 2010 and later small nonroad engine. In
U.S. and Canada, new small nonroad engines must be
designed, built and equipped to meet the federal stringent
anti-smog standards. Husqvarna Forest & Garden must
warrant the emission control system on your small
nonroad engine for the period of time listed below
provided there has been no abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance of your unit. Your emission control system
includes Parts such as the carburetor and the ignition
system. Where a warrantable condition exists, Husqvarna
Forest & Garden will repair your small nonroad engine at
no cost to you. Expenses covered under warranty include
diagnosis, parts and labor.
MANUFACTURER′′S WARRANTY
COVERAGE
The 2010 and later small nonroad engines are warranted
for two years. If any emission related part on you engine
(as listed above) is defective, the part will be repaired or
replaced by Husqvarna Forest & Garden.
OWNER′′S WARRANTY
RESPONSIBILITIES
As the small nonroad engine owner, you are responsible
for the performance of the required maintenance listed in
your Operator′s Manual. Husqvarna Forest & Garden
recommends that you retain all receipts covering
maintenance on your small nonroad engine, but
Husqvarna Forest & Garden cannot deny warranty solely
for the lack of receipts or for your failure to ensure the
performance of all scheduled maintenance. As the small
nonroad engine owner, you should, however, be aware
that Husqvarna Forest & Garden may deny you warranty
coverage if your small nonroad engine or a part of it has
failed due to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance,
unapproved modifications or the use of parts not made or
approved by the original equipment manufacturer. You are
responsible for presenting your small nonroad engine to a
Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized servicing dealer
as soon as a problem exists. The warranty repairs should
be completed in a reasonable amount of time, not to
exceed 30 days. If you have any questions regarding your
warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact
your nearest authorized servicing dealer or call
Husqvarna Forest & Garden at 1-800-487-5963.
WARRANTY COMMENCEMENT DATE
The warranty period begins on the date small nonroad
engine is delivered.
LENGTH OF COVERAGE
Husqvarna Forest & Garden warrants to the initial owner
and each subsequent purchaser that the engine is free
from defects in materials and workmanship which cause
the failure of a warranted part for a period of two years.
WHAT IS COVERED
REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF PARTS Repair or
replacement of any warranted part will be performed at no
charge to the owner at an approved Husqvarna Forest &
Garden servicing dealer. If you have any questions
regarding your warranty rights and responsibilities, you
should contact your nearest authorized servicing dealer
or call Husqvarna Forest & Garden at 1-800-487-5963.
WARRANTY PERIOD Any warranted part which is not
scheduled for replacement as required maintenance, or
which is scheduled only for regular inspection to the effect
of “repair or replace as necessary” shall be warranted for
2 years. Any warranted part which is scheduled for
replacement as required maintenance shall be warranted
for the period of time up to the first scheduled replacement
point for that part.
DIAGNOSIS The owner shall not be charged for
diagnostic labor which leads to the determination that a
warranted part is defective, if the diagnostic work is
performed at an approved Husqvarna Forest & Garden
servicing dealer.
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES Husqvarna Forest &
Garden may be liable for damages to other engine
components caused by the failure of a warranted part still
under warranty.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED
All failures caused by abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance are not covered.
ADD -ON OR MODIFIED PARTS
The use of add-on or modified parts can be grounds for
disallowing a warranty claim. Husqvarna Forest & Garden
is not liable to cover failures of warranted parts caused by
the use of add-on or modified parts.
HOW TO FILE A CLAIM
If you have any questions regarding your warranty rights
and responsibilities, you should contact your nearest
authorized servicing dealer or call Husqvarna Forest &
Garden at 1-800-487-5963.
WHERE TO GET WARRANTY SERVICE
Warranty services or repairs shall be provided at all
Husqvarna Forest & Garden authorized servicing dealers.
MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT AND
REPAIR OF EMISSION-RELATED PARTS
Any Husqvarna Forest & Garden approved replacement
part used in the performance of any warranty
maintenance or repairs on emission-related parts, will be
provided without charge to the owner if the part is under
warranty.
40 – English
FEDERAL EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY STATEMENT
EMISSION CONTROL WARRANTY PARTS
LIST
1
Carburetor and internal parts
2
Intake pipe, airfilter holder and carburetor bolts.
3
Airfilter and fuelfilter covered up to maintenance
schedule.
4
Spark Plug, covered up to maintenance schedule
5
Ignition Module
6
Muffler with catalytic converter
MAINTENANCE STATEMENT
The owner is responsible for the performance of all
required maintenance, as defined in the operator’s
manual.
English – 41
AMERICAN STANDARD SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Safety precautions for chain saw
users
(ANSI B175.1-2000 Annex C)
Kickback safety precautions
!
WARNING! Kickback may occur when the
nose or tip of the guide bar touches an
object, or when the wood closes in and
pinches the saw chain in the cut.
Tip contact in some cases may cause a
lightning fast reverse reaction, kicking
the guide bar up and back towards the
operator.
Pinching the saw chain along the top of
the guide bar may push the guide bar
rapidly back towards the operator.
Either of these reactions may cause you
to lose control of the saw which could
result in serious personal injury.
Other safety precautions
!
WARNING! Do not operate a chain saw
with one hand! Serious injury to the
operator, helpers, bystanders or any
combination of these persons may result
from one-handed operation. A chain saw
is intended for two-handed use.
Do not operate a chain saw when you are fatigued.
Use safety footwear; snug-fitting clothing, protective
gloves, and eye, hearing and head protection devices.
Use caution when handling fuel. Move the chain saw at
least 10 feet (3 m) from the fueling point before starting
the engine.
Do not allow other persons to be near the chain saw when
starting or cutting with the chain saw. Keep bystanders
and animals out of the work area.
Do not start cutting until you have a clear work area,
secure footing and a planned retreat path from the falling
tree.
Keep all parts of your body away from the saw chain when
the engine is running.
Do not rely exclusively upon the safety
devices built into your saw. As a chain
saw user, you should take several steps
to keep your cutting jobs free from
accident or injury.
Before you start the engine, make sure that the saw chain
is not contacting anything.
With a basic understanding of kickback, you can reduce
or eliminate the element of surprise. Sudden surprise
contributes to accidents.
Do not operate a chain saw that is damaged, improperly
adjusted, or not completely and securely assembled. Be
sure that the saw chain stops moving when the throttle
control trigger is released.
Keep a good firm grip on the saw with both hands, the
right hand on the rear handle, and the left hand on the
front handle, when the engine is running. Use a firm grip
with thumbs and fingers encircling the chain saw handles.
A firm grip will help you reduce kickback and maintain
control of the saw. Don’t let go.
Make sure that the area in which you are cutting is free
from obstacles. Do not let the nose of the guide bar
contact a log, branch, or any other obstacle which could
be hit while you are operating the saw.
Cut at high engine speeds.
Do not overreach or cut above shoulder height.
Follow manufacturer’s sharpening and maintenance
instructions for the saw chain.
Only use replacement bars and chains specified by the
manufacturer or the equivalent.
Carry the chain saw with the engine stopped, the guide
bar and saw chain to the rear, and the muffler away from
your body.
Shut off the engine before setting the chain saw down.
Use extreme caution when cutting small size brush and
saplings because slender material may catch the saw
chain and be whipped toward you or pull you off balance.
When cutting a limb that is under tension be alert for
springback so that you will not be struck when the tension
in the wood fibers is released.
Keep handles dry, clean and free of oil or fuel mixture.
Operate the chain saw only in well-ventilated areas.
Do not operate a chain saw in a tree unless you have
been specifically trained to do so.
Do not operate a chain saw above shoulder height.
All chain saw service, other than the items listed in the
operator’s/owner’s safety and maintenance instructions,
should be performed by competent chain saw service
personnel. (For example, if improper tools are used to
remove the flywheel or if an improper tool is used to hold
the flywheel in order to remove the clutch, structural
damage to the flywheel could occur and subsequently
cause the flywheel to burst.)
When transporting your chain saw, use the appropriate
guide bar guard.
Note: This Annex is intended primarily for the consumer or
occasional user.
42 – English
Original instructions
1151378-95
The engine exhaust from this product
contains chemical known to the State
of California to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
´®z+SEy¶5P¨
´®z+SEy¶5P¨
2011-04-11
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