BTACK POWDER REVOLVERS 1 GENERAL USE AND MAINTENANCE INSTRUCTIONS WARNING - Please read carefully this leaftei before using or handling your revolver! GENERAL HINTS AND PRECAUTIONS Our black powder revolvers are faithful replicas of original models and maintain their design and mechanical features. They are different, of course, from modern cartridge firearms in operation and loading. AlVbodV using these guns must know that improper handling must be absolutely avoided, so that no harm may result. This is, after all, a general rule for any firearm. Following precautions should always be followed for safe use: 1 - Always treat a gun as if it is loaded. 2 - Use black powder only, without exceeding the recommended maxi_ mum powder charges. 3 - Be sure that the ball is firmly seated on the powder charge before firino 4 - Do iot fail to lubricate the chambers of the loaded cylinder with suitable grease, in order to prevent chain fire. 5 - lt is a good practice to load only five chambers of a six-shot revolver, and to carry the gun with the hammer resting on the nipple of the unloaded chamber. For better safety, block the cylinder by placing the hammer onto any of the intermediate positions between the chambers on the cy_ linder rear face (see: Loading and Shooting). 6 - Never climb or jump any obstacle with a loaded revolver in your hand. 7 - Never smoke when loading or shooting your firearm, or when hand_ ling black powder in any way. 8 - Protect your eyes and ears when shooting. 9 - Never point muzzle of barrel towards yourself or anybody else. Be sure of your target and that everybody is behind you when firing. 10 - Make sure that your gun is unloaded before storing it. Always store guns, powder and caps in separate and dry places. 1 1 - Treat a misfire or failure to fire as though the revolver can fire at any time. BLACK POWDER 1 - Black powder is the only safe propellant for use in any muzzleloading firearm. 2 - Always be sure to employ commercially manufactured black powder for use in muzzleloaders, supplied by a reputable dealer, and with proper granulation. 3- b) Place the hammer in the half-cock position (first audible "click"). c) Rotate the cylinder, so that the loading lever, when lowered, will hit the area between the cylinder chambers. This allows the loading lever to help in removal of the barrel from the frame and cylinder pin" d) Remove the cylinder from the frame. Warning: Use of smokeless powder in any muzzleloader revolver will result in excessively high presure and can cause serious damage to the firearm and possibly to the shooter. Black powder should be stored according to manufacturer's instructions listed on container. PROJECTILES 1 - The recommended projectile to assure the greatest accuracy and consistency is a round ball (cast or swaged) of pure lead. 2 - Conical bullets, originally used to provide greater knock-down power, are not so accurate as round balls, primarily because during loading they become canted and therefore enter the bore at an angle. 3 - Do not exceed the maximum recommended black powder charges or change powder granulation when using these bullets. RECOMMENDED BLACK POWDER CHARGES (Examples) Caliber .36 caliber .44 caliber Black Powder Charge (crains) Target Maximum 16 25 Projectile Round Ball Diameter - .380" 12 15 Conical Bullet - .380" 22 30 Round ball Diameter - .454" 19 25 Conical Bullet - .454" The proper charge for a black powder revolver is an efficient load, providing consistent ignition, consistent velocity and yields chamber pressure which is well below maximum safe levels. The full maximum charge is seldom used except for hunting or "showing-off". PREPARATION BEFORE LOADING 1 - The revolver must be cleaned prior to loading, to remove the applied preservative. 2 - Disassembly of the Colt-style revolver (see fig. 1): a) Remove the wedge, located just forward of the cylinder, by tapping it through the slot from the right side of the barrel. .me i cot sr'e fig' 1 Revover 3 - Disassembly of the Remington-style revolver (see fig. 2): a) Partially lower loading lever so that plunger does not enter cylinder chamber. b) Pull out the T-shaped cylinder pin. c) Place the hammer in the half-cock position (first audible "click"). Cylinder will rotate out of the frame. tos t0. /khher \ tig- 2 ,,,, Rcm!retd stl' R'vorver 4 - Clean the interior of all cylinder chambers by using a cotton swab dipped in a cleaning solvent. 5 - Place the cylinder so that the chambers face down for easy draining. 6 - Run a cleaning patch soaked with solvent through the barrel. 7 - Run clean and dry swabs and patches into the chambers and through the barrel for thorough cleaning. 8 - During reassembly, oil all moving parts and grease the grooves of the cylinder pin. Note: lf you are going to start shooting within the day, do not oil the inside of chambers or nipples. 9 - Once the projectile has been seated in each of the chambers, grease patch should be placed over and around the ball and opening of each chamber. The grease lubricates the borc <>l llrc lr;rrrr:l and keeps the black powder fouling soft, to allow moro :;lrol:; lrclwcen cleanings and easier cleaning at the end of a shoolirrrl :;cl;:;ion. 10 - A light gun oil should be used to lrrlrrir;:rlc all moving parts. Do not apply oil heavily, in order to avoi(l ;rtlrliliorvrl fouling during shooting and more cleaning between shols .l Put on your shatterproof shootin(l r;lir;r;r-.s and insert ear plugs, as a black powder revolver may showor :;pirrks or bits of cap when fired. 2 - Be sure revolver is unloaded. 3 - Place hammer in the half-cock posilion. 4 - Rotate the cylinder to see that all the nipples are void of percussion caps. Remove any percussion caps immediately. 5 - Take a wooden dowel or cleaning rod and place one end down the barrel and mark rod almuzzle. Be sure the chamber is in ltnc with the barrel. 6 - Remove rod and lay along outside of barrel, lining-up mark al nruzzlc The opposite end of the rod should end at the nipple, where tlro chamber ends. Repeat for the remaining five chambers. This practice will assure that the gun is unloaded. lf the ramrod does not line-up properly, the gun is apparently obstructed and should be disarmed before proceeding. 7 - Set the hammer at half-cock position and check that revolver cannot (fig. 3) 13 Place llrr: lrrolror-sized ball or bullet on the opening of the chamber. The ball or [rullct should be oversized, so it will not enter. (see fig.4). lf cast balls are being used, place sprue (or flat portion) facing upward. be fired (i.e. that the hammer cannot be moved) when trigger is pulled. "Half-cock" refers to the notch which allows the hammer to rest above the nipple, thus preventing the revolver from firing when trigger is pulled. B in a safe direction, place a percussion cap on each nipple. Turn the cylinder so that a nipple aligns with the cutout on tho right side of the frame, angle muzzle downward. It may be necessary to pinch the cap to assure a snug [il. on lhe nipple. (fig. a) - With gun pointed 14 llotate the cylinder to place ball directly under the plunger of the loading lever. 15 - Unlatch the loading lever and with smooth, even pressure, seat the berllfirmly on the powder, butwithoutcrushing the powder. (seefig.5). Note: lt is important to employ caps of the right size, while it is good practice to use a capper to place caps onto nipples, in order to avoid explosion under excess finger pressure. 9 - Fully cock the hammer and fire each cap to dry out the base of the chamber and nipple. Repeat this procedure for all six nipples to en sure the chamber is thoroughly dry. 10 - Check to be sure no unfired caps have been accidentally lelt on the nipples" 11 12 - Place hammer at half-cock position. - Hold the muzzle up, with right side toward you. Be sure no patt of the body is over the revolver. Pour a measured charge into the chamber closest to the loading cutout (see fig. 3). Repeat this procedure for other chambers. i:;,t.,t (fis 5) ll'l:!J,,!i, , 16 - A thin ring of lead will be shaved off the ball by the opening of the chamber. This occurrence illustrates that the ball is properly fitted to the chamber and will not loosen during shooting. Be sure ball or bullet is seated firmly against powder. No air space should exist between ball and powder. Repeat this loading procedure for four additional chambers. Note: Normally only five chambers of a six-shot gun are loaded. The gun is used and carried with the hammer resting on the nipple of the unloaded chamber. To do so will reduce the possibility of any accidental firing. All Colt- and Remington-style revolvers are provided with intermediate pins or slots between the single chambers on the rear face of cylinder. By engaging the hammer to such pins or slots, cylinder is prevented from rotating and accidental firing can be avoided. 19 - Pull the hammer back to f ullcock position and you are ready to fire. 20 - After firing all the chambers, wait one minute to reload. This allows all remaining sparks to burn out prior to reloading. MALFUNCTIONS 1 - lf a misfire or failure to fire occurs, wait at least one minute with gun pointed at the target. After the other chambers have been fired: 2 - Place hammer in "half*cock" posltion. 3 - Rotate the cylinder and remove the cap from nipple of the misfired chamber. Push a nipple pick through the hole in the nipple into the main charge to clear away any possible obstruction. 5 - Seat a new cap and refire that chamber. 6 - lf the gun still does not fire, wait one minute with gun pointed at tar4 - get. Note: lf cylinder with loaded chamber must be removed, be sure all (unfired and fired) caps have been removed from the nipples. lt is possible for a chamber to fire even though not in the gun. This could cause serious damage to the shooter. Place hammer in half-cock position and remove all caps. (fis. 6) Note: The grease reduces the possibility of a "chain-fire": that is when the flame from the first-fired chamber crosses over and causes the other chambers to fire at the same time. 18 - With the gun pointed in safe direction and hammer in half-cock position, place a percussion cap on each of the loaded chambers. The guns is now loaded (see fig. 7). 78 - Remove cylinder from gun. 9 - Use a nipple wrench and remove the nipple of the unfired chamber. 10 - Clean the nipple thoroughly and dry it completely. 1 1 - Push a nipple pick through the nipple hole of the cylinder to loosen the powder at the rear of the chamber. 12 - Pour fresh powder into the nipple hole. 13 - Reinsert and tighten nipple. 14 - Repiace cylinder in gun. 15 - Place new cap onto nipple. 16 - With gun pointed in safe direction, pull hammer to fullcock position, and you are ready to fire. 17 - lf gun still does not fire, remove cylinder and nipple, soak the cylinder in hot water to flush out the powder and push the ball or bullet out from the rear of the chamber (nipple hole end), using an aluminium, wood or brass rod. CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE 1 - Black powder fouling is extremely corrosive and can rust the barrel and cylinder in a short time. All black powder guns must be thoroughly cleaned after firing is com- pleted. 2 - Completely disassemble the gun. 3 - Wipe off the grips. 4 - Soak all metal parts in hot water and dish detergent and wipe off the fouling, or use a brush and black powder solvent, to scrub off the fouling. 5 - Rinse all the metal parts in boiling hot water, then thoroughly dry. 6 - When cooled, wipe all parts with a rust preventative; lightly oil moving parts, grease grooves of cylinder pin and reassemble. 7 - Store firearm in a dry place with sufficient ventilation.