Cadillac | 1993 Eldorado | Owner`s manual | Cadillac 1993 Eldorado Owner`s manual

ELDORADO
OWNER'S LlIERATURE
-.
Henry M. Leland, founder of Cadillac, s t a d beside the
0
1905 “Osceola” which was built to evaluate the
feasibility of a closed bodied car.
D
In
n
P
r
r
r
r
Few automobiles are fortunate enough to have the rich
heritage that is Cadillac, The nameCadillac is appropriately
that of Antoine de La Mothe Cadillac, the French military
commander who founded the city of Detroit in 170 1, What
better name forthe oldest automobile manufacturer in Detroit.
Henry M. Leland, known as the
1 Dewar Trophy
master of precision, initiated his pre-
tigious
cision manufacturing techniques at
to Cadillac twice . .
1
the founding of Cadillac
in 1902. His exacting
first in1908for achieving
standards prompted the
of parts and again in1912
motto by which Cadillac
for introducing the elec-
has been guided over the
tric self starter, electric
perfect interchangeability
1
years - “Craftsmanship
A Creed -Accuracy A
r
Law!
lighting and ignition
svstem.
,
Cadillac is the only
The introduction of
n
Club of England awarded the pres-
b
American manufacturer
the first four cylinder engine in 1905 led the industry and
enabled Cadillacs to travelat speeds
up to 50 mph.
For attention to quality and in-
dardized parts are today, in
1908parts
were still individually hand fitted
novation, the Royal Automobile
both in production and service.
towinthishonorandthe
only manufacturerin theworld to win
it twice. As commonplace as
stan-
... ., ..
n
Standardization opened the eyes of
the industrialworld and was the corner-stone of modern
production. From this achievement
evolved the reference to Cadillac as
“Standard of the World:
In 1909 Cadillac was purchased
by the then new General Motors
Corporation. Convenience, cleanliness and all-weather comfortwere
greatly enhanced in1910 when Cadillac became the first manufacturer
to offer closed bodies as standard
equipment.
“The Penalty of Leadership”
first appeared in the January2, 1915
issue of The Saturday Evening Post
as an expressionof the Cadillac commitment to leadership, quality, and
innovation. It is widely regarded as
one of the finest documents ever
written and was published following
the introduction of the first production V8 engine. The V8 was standard in all 1915 model Cadillacs.
U
17
r
P
II
t
r
1
cy-45 O V-16Engine
service policy, security plate glass,
chrome plating and the first car to
be designed by a stylist (1927 LaSalle/Harley Earl). The ’30s witnessed productionof the smooth and
quiet V12 and
The crisp, contemporary linesof the
1938 60 Special series ushered in a
new era in styling.
During World War 11, shortly
after Pearl Harbor, Cadillac discontinued car production for the first
time since 1902 in order to construct
light tanks, combat vehicles and
internal parts for Allison V1710 engines. Two Cadillac V8 engines and
Hydra-Matic transmissions were
used in each tank.
\-
Many Cadillac “firsts” have followed over the years, including the
synchro-mech clashless transmission, a nation-wide comprehensive
r
n
A
L
Ir
A
J
...,
&i
3
I
9
. .-
--r
. -_ .J... -.
,
r
r
P
-
For the 1948 model, Cadillac
introducedthelegendary tail fin
which set the trend in automotive
styling for nearly two decades. This
was followedby the 1949 model with
the two door hardtop Coupe DeVille
and the modern overhead valve,
high compression V8 engine.
Engineering innovations, conveniences and styling dominated the
'50s and '60s. Cruise control, automatic climate control, t i l t and
telescoping steering wheels, twilight
sentinel and four door hard tops all
debuted in these years.In 1957 the
Eldorado Brougham featured advances such as air suspension, memory seat, automatic electric door
locks, transistor radio, a brushed
stainless steel roof and low profile
tires.
introduced in
1953, was redesigned for 1967 as the
first front wheel drive personal luxury car. The 472 cu. in. V8 engine
used in all Cadillacs in 1968 and
1969 was enlarged to 500 cu. in. for
all 1970 Eldorados.
An Air Cushion Restraint System (airbag) was available for 1974,
1975 and 1976 Cadillacs.
Analog Electronic Fuel Injection was available, on 1975 Cadillacs
and was standard on the new international size1976 Seville. In 1978,
the Trip Computer option incorporated an on-board microprocessor.
I
I
' T
I '
-
i
1
1
A 1993 Cadillac AllantC in stock
technical configuration, was selected
as the pace car for the 76th Indianapolis 500. The demanding pace car
performance and handling require-
of such
advanced systems as the 32 valve,
ments were met because
dual overhead camshaft, Northstar
This rich tradition continues
into the '90s as Cadillac became the
first automobile manufacturer to be
awarded the prestigious
Malcolm
Baldrige National Quality Award.
4.6 liter V8 engine, 4t80 E electronically controlled automatic transaxle,
road sensing suspension, speed sensitive steering, antilock brakes and
traction control.
The 1992 Seville STS is the first
car ever to win all three major auto-
For more than nine decades
of the Year,
Cadillac has been a leader in quality
Motor Trend; Ten Best List, Car &a
and technical innovation. Now more
than ever, substance takes shape
Cadillac Style j
motive awards: Car
Driver; Car of the Year, Automobile
Magazine.
. ..
I
0
, '
I
D
I. ' i .
D
I
..
i=
U
R
r
This Cadillac Manual is divided into major sections.
Introduction - How to use thisManual
p
1
1
.....................
This section tells you how to use your Manual and includes
Safety and Vehicle Damage Warnings and Symbols
*!
7
1
Section 1-SeatsandSafetyBelts
.........................
This section tells youhow to use your seats and safety
belts properly.
Section 2 - Features and Controls
6’
!
........................
This section explains howto startand operate your Cadillac.
I
Section 3 - Comfort Controls and Audio Systems
This section tells you howto adjust the ventilation and
comfort controls and how to operateyour Sound System.
r
c
-~-
Here you’ll find helpfulinformation and tips about the
road and how to drive under different conditions.
Section 5 - Problems on the Road
i
.......................
218 Q
This section tells you whatto doif you have a problem
while driving, suchas a flat tire, or engineoverheating.
j
1..
4
1,
...................
Section 4 - Your
Driving
Road
163
the
and
‘.
r
.......... 143 Q
Section 6 - Service and Appearance Care
................. 258
Herethe manual tells you
how tokeep yourCadillac
running properly and looking
good.
For more information on “Reporting Safety Defects”,see Owner
Assistance, Page 7.
First Edition
THE 1993 ELDORADO LITERATURE
Please keep this literature
in your Cadillac,so it will be thereif you ever
need it when you’re on the road. If you sell the vehicle, please leave this
book in it so the new owner can useit.
FOR CANADL4N O W E R S WHO PREFER A FRENCH
LANGUAGE IMANUAL:
Aux propriktaires canadiens:Vous pouvez vous procurer un exemplaire
de ce guide en
franGais chez votre concessionaireou au DGN Marketing
Services Ltd., 1500 Bonhill Rd., Mississauga, Ontario L5T 1C7.
This literatureincludes the latest information at the time
it was printed.
We reserve the right to make changesin the product after that time
without furthernotice. For vehicles firstsold in Canada, substitute the
name “General Motorsof Canada Limited’’ for Cadillac Motor Car
Division wheneverit appears in this literature.
GENERAL MOTORS, GM and the GM Emblem, CADILLAC, and the
CADILLAC Emblem are registered trademarks
of General Motors
Corporation.
0 Copyright General Motors Corporation 1992. All Rights Reserved.
!?--
!
HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL
Many people read their
owner’s manual from beginningto endwhen they
first receivetheir new vehicle.This will help you learn about the features
and controls for your vehicle. In this manual, you’ll find that pictures and
words worktogether toexplain things quickly.
INDEX A good placeto look for what you need is the Index in backof
the manual. It’s an alphabetical list of all that’s inthe manual, and the
page number where you’ll find it.
7-
I
I
I
i
-I
1
SAFETY WARNINGS AND SYMBOLS
You will find a number of safety cautions in this book. We use yellow and
the word CAUTION to tell you about things that could hurt you if you
were to ignore the warning.
In the yellow caution area,we tell you what the hazard is. Then we tell
you what to do to help avoid or reduce the hazard. Please read these
cautions. If you don’t, youor otherscould be hurt.
You will also find a red circle with a slash through it in this book. This
safetysymbolmeans“Don’t,’’ “Don’t do this,’’ or “Don’t let this happen.”
Whiele Damage Warnings
Also, in this book you will find these bluenotices:
c-
NOTICE:
llese mean there is DumeLlllngthat coulh uamagejucir vehick.
I
CI
In the blue notice area,we tell you about something thatcan damage
your vehicle. Many times,this damage would not be coveredby your
warranty, and it could be
costly. But the notice will tell you what to do to
help avoid the damage.
When you read other manuals,you might see CAUTION andNOTICE
warnings in different colors or in different words. In thismanual, we’ve
used the familiarwords and colors that Cadillac has usedfor years.
vehicle. They use the same colors,
You’ll also see warning labels on your
and the words CAUTION or NOTICE.
2
r
Whicle Symbols
These are someof the symbols you willfind on yourvehicle. For example,
these symbols are used on an original battery:
m
A
I
1
PROTECT EYES
BY SHIELDING
CAUTION
POSSIBLE INJURY
7
j
8
AVOID SPARKS
OR FLAMES
I
BAlTERY ACID
SPARK OR FLAME
COULD
EXPLODE BAlTERY
These symbols are important foryou and your passengers whenever your
vehicle is driven:
r'
DOOR LOCUUNLOCK
I
FASTEN SEAT BELTS
POWER
WINDOW
I
3
I
These symbols have to do with your lights:
n
pt
I
MASTER LIGHTING
SWITCH
TURN SIGNALS
PARKING LIGHTS
A
HAZARD WARNING
FLASHER
I
#O
m
LIGHTS OR
HIGH BEAM
FOG LAMPS
These symbols are on some of your controls:
WINDSHIELD
WIPER &WASHER
1
I
WINDSHIELD
WASHER
WINDSHIELD
DEFROSTER
1
REAR WINDOW
DEFOGGER
VENTILATING FAN
HEADLAMP
WASHER WIPER
4
I
These symbols are used on warning and indicator lights:
I-
I
I
I
ENGINE COOLANT
TEMPERATURE
BATTERY
CHARGING
SYSTEM
/u/L
u
ENGINE OIL
PRESSURE
BRAKE
RADIATOR
COOLANT
ENGINE OIL
TEMPERATURE
ANTILOCK BRAKE
Here aresome other symbols you may see:
U
RADIO SELECTOR
A
TRUNK HATCHBACK
RELEASE
t
l=I
I
LIGHTER
RADIO VOLUME
I
HORN
5
1
1
AIR
CONDITIONING
SPEAKER
I
1 SECTION 1
SEATS AND SAFETY BELTS
Here you’ll find information about the seats
in your Cadillac, your
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint “air bag”
system and how to use your
safety belts properly.You can also learn about some things
you should
not do with safety belts.
SEATSAND SEAT CONTROLS
This section tellsyou about the seats-- how to adjust them, and also
about reclining front seatbacks, lumbar adjustments, heated seats, and
head restraints.
Power Seat Control
The power seat controlswitch is located on the outboard sideof the seat
cushion.
The power controlswitch moves the seat foward and backward,
up and
down, and adjusts the angle of the seat.
6
I
Power Seat
m
0
Movc thc front of
the switch in the
direction of the
arrows to make the
front partof the
cushion move up or
down.
Move the rear of
the switch in t h e
direction of the
arrows to makethe
rear partof the
cushion move up or
down.
0
Move the whole switch in the direction of both arrows to move the
seat up ordown.
Move the switch forward or backward to move the whole seat forward
or backward.
Power Seatback Recliner
Move the switch in the
direction of the arrow
to move the seatback
forward or backward.
I
But don't havea seatback reclinedif your vehicle is moving.
I-'
Sifting in a reclined position when your vehicle is in motion can
be
dangerous. Even if you buckle up, your safety belts can't-do
-
--
n. '
i
~our;bd$Instea;i,it will be in front of y&. In a'erashyou COU?:
4
&&ik iC--hqiGng
neck or other injuries.
..
,+ . g g g
.
.
:
:
A
.
b e lip belt can't do its job either. In a crash the belt could go
lip-overyourabdomen. The beltforces would be there, not at
ycnii. pelvic bones; This could cause serious internal injuries.
-
I--
-
For proper protection when the vehicle
is in motion, have the
seatback.upright. Thensit well backin the seat and wear your
safety belt properly,
'
.L
.
LumbarlHeated Seats
....
...
. . . . .
Lumbar Control Option
If you have this feature, you can change the shapeof the driver and
passenger seats. It works independently of the other seatcontrols. Use
the power seat controlfirst to get the properposition. Then proceed with
the lumbar adjustment.
The LUMBAR control switches are located on the centerconsole. You
can control either theDR (Driver) or PASS (Passenger) seat.
Move the switch A to increase support or to decrease support to
reshape the lower seatback.
Push the switch UP or DN (down) to raise or lower the support
mechanism to suit your preference.
Heated Seat Option
Move the switch to eitherLO or HI to turn on the heating element
in the
seat.
Designed primarily for use on damp and chilly days, the LO setting
warms the seatback and cushion until the seat approximates body
temperature. Oncolder days, the HI setting h a t s the seats to an even
higher temperature.To prevent uncomfortable overheatingof the seats,
the heating elements are
thermostatically regulated to automatically
maintain the ternperaturc atthe selected setting. A telltale light in the
control switch reminds you that the heating system is in USC. To preserve
the battery, the heated seatscan only be used whcn the ignition is turned
on, and aredeactivated when the ignition is turned off.
Head Restraints
\
9,
Slide the head restraint up or down so that the top of the restraint is
closest to the topof your ears.
This position reduccs the chance of a neck injury in a crash. The head
restraints tilt forward and rearward also.
10
Seatback Latches
. ..
i':
The frontseatback folds forward to let people get into the back seat.
Your seatback will move back and forth freely, unless you come to a
sudden stop. Then it will lock in place.
There's one time the seatback may not fold without some help fromyou.
That's if your vchicle is parked going down a fairly steep hill.
To fold the seatback forward, push the seatback toward the rear asyou
lift this latch. Then t h e seatback will fold forward. The latch must be
down for the seatt o work properly.
11
SAFETY BELTS: THEY’RE FOR EVERYONE
This part of the manualtells you how to use safety belts properly. It also
tells you some things you should not do with safety belts.
And it explains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint,
or “air bag”
system.
A CAUTION:
Don’t let anyone ride wherethey can’t wear a safety belt
properly. If you are in a crash andyou’re not wearing asa
belt, your injuries canbe much worse. You can hit things
the vehicle or be ejected from it. You can be seriously inj
killed. In the same crash,you might not be if you are bu
,*-*:.;...
up. Always fasten your safety belt, and check that your
*‘
y*
passengers’ belts are fastened properly too.
-1
This figurelights up when you turn thekey to “Run” or “Start”
when
your safety belt isn’t buckled, and you’ll hear a chime, too. It’s the
reminder to buckle up.
12
In many states and Canadianprovinces, the law says to wearsafety belts.
Here’s why: They work.
You never know if you’ll be in a crash. If you do have a crash, you don’t
know if it will be a bad one.
A few crashes are very mild. In them, you won’t get hurt even if you’re
so serious, like being hit by a
not buckled up. And some crashes can be
train, that evenbuckled up a person wouldn’t survive. But most crashes
are in between. In many of them, people who buckle up can survive and
sometimes walk away. Without belts they could be badly hurt orkilled.
After 25 years of safety belts in vehicles, the facts are clear. In most
crashes buckling up does matter... a lot!
I
Why Safety Belts Work
When you ride in or on anything, you go as fast as it goes.
13
For example, if the
,;.* .
..
. . ,..
I
\
F
14
Take the simplest
"vehicle." Suppose it's
just a seat on wheels.
i
A
15
Get it up to speed.
Then stop the “car.”
The rider doesn’t stop.
.. .
-l
The person keeps
going until stopped
by something.
In a real vehicle, it
I
16
or the instrument
panel ...
or thesafety belts!
With safety belts, you slow down as the vehiclc does. You get more time
to stop. You stop over more distance, and your strongest bones taketh.e
forces. That's why safety belts make such good sense.
17
HERE ARE QUESTIONS MANYPEOPLE
ASKABOUT SAFETYBELTS --AND THE
ANSWERS
Q:
Won’t I be trapped in the vehicle ajter anaccident if I’m wearing a safety
belt?
A:
You could be -- whether you’re wearing a safety belt or not. But you
can easily unbuckle a safety belt, even if you’re upside down. And
so you
your chance of being conscious during and after an accident,
can unbuckle and getout, is much greater if you are belted.
Q:
Why don ’t they just putin air bags so people won ’t have to wear safety
belts?
A:
‘Air bags,” or SupplementalInflatable Restraint systems, are in some
vehicles today and will be in more of them in the future. Butthey are
supplemental systems only -- so they work with safety belts, not
instead of them. Every “air bag” system ever offered for sale has
required the use of safety belts. Even if you’re in a vehicle that has “
air bags,” you still have to buckle up to get themost protection.
That’s true not only in frontal collisions, but especially in side and
other collisions.
0: r f I’m a good driver,and I never drive far from home, why should I wear
safety belts?
A:
You may be an excellent driver, but if you’re in an accident -- even
one thatisn’t your fault -- you and your passengers canbe hurt.
Being a good driver doesn’t protect you from things beyond your
control, such as bad drivers.
Most accidents occurwithin 25 miles (40 km) of home. And the
greatest number of serious injuries and deathsoccur at speeds ofless
than 40 mph (65 km/h).
Safety belts are foreveryone.
18
Safety BeltReminder Light
When the key is turned to “Run”or “Start,” a light will come on for
about eight seconds to remind people to fasten their
safety belts. Unless
the driver’s safety belt is buckled, a chime will also sound.
HOW TO W E M SAFETY BELTS PROPERLY
Adults
This section is only for peopleof adult size.
A CAUTION:
There are special things to know about safety belts and
children. And there are differentrules for babies and smaller
children. If a child will be riding in your Cadillac, see the
section after this one, called “Children.” Follow those rules for
everyone’s prot-tion.
First, you’ll want to know which restraint systems your vehicle has.
We’ll start with the driver position.
19
DRIKER POSITION
Lap-Shoulder Belt
The driver has a lap-shoulder belt. Here’show to wear it properly.
1. Close and lock the door.
2. Adjust the seat (to see how, see “Seats” in the Index) so you can sit up
straight.
20
1-
3. Pick up the latch
plateandpullthe
belt across you.
Don’t let it get
twisted.
4. Push the latch plate into the buckle until it clicks.
If the belt isn’t long enough, see “SafetyBelt Extender” at the end of
this section.
Make sure the release button on buckle
the
faces upwardor outward
so you would be able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever had to.
21
The lap partof the belt should be worn low and snug on the hips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash,this applies force tothe strong pelvic
bones. And you’d be less likely to slide under the lapbelt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force atyour abdomen. Thiscould cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt shouldgo over the
shoulder andacross the chest. These partsof the body are best able to
take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there’s a suddenstop orcrash.
22
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
I
The shoulderbelt is too loose. It won’t give nearly as much
protection thisway.
A CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt is too loose. In a
crash you would move forward too much, which could increase
injury. Theshoulder belt should fit against your body.
23
A:
The belt is buckled in the wrong place.
You can be seriously injured if your belt is buckled in the
wrong
place like this.In a crash, the beltwould go up over your
abdomen. The belt forces
would be there, not at the pelvic
bones. This could cause seriousinternal injuries. Always buckle
your belt into the buckle nearest
you.
24
I
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The shoulderbelt is worn under the arm.It should be worn over the
shoulder at all times.
A
CAUTION:
You can be seriously injured if you wear the shoulder beltunder
your arm. In a crash,your body would movetoo far forward,
which would increase the chanceof head and neck injury. Also,
the belt would apply too much force to the ribs, which aren’t as
strong as shoulder bones. You could also severely injure
terna- rgan5 --ke your liveror sp’ m.
~
25
Q: What’s wrong with this?
A:
The belt is twisted across the body.
You can be seriously injuredby a twisted belt; Ina crash, you
wouldn’t have the full width
of the belt to spread impactforces.
If a belt is twisted, make it straight so it canwork properly, or
ad- --ourdealer to fix it.
26
To unlatch the belt,
just push the button
on the buckle. The
belt should go back
out of the way.
Before you close the door,be sure thebelt is out of the way. If you slam
the door onit, you can damage both the belt and
your vehicle.
SUPPLEMENTAL I N F U T M L E
R E S T U N T SYSTEM (AIR BAGS)
This sectionexplains the Supplemental Inflatable Restraint(SIR), or “air
bag,” system. Your Cadillac hasan air bag for the driver and for the
right-front passenger.
to know:
Here’s the most important thing
*
Even with an air‘bag, if y o u k not wearing ;a safety Jjeltand
you’re in a crash, your injuries may be much worse. Air,bags are
not designed to’ inflate in rollovers or in rear, side or low-speed
frontal crashes. You need to wear your safety belt to reduce the
chance of hitting things inside the vehicle or being ejected Prom
it. Always wear your safety belt9even with an air bag.
27
A CAUTION
Air bags inflate with greatforce, faster than theblink of an eye. :
-+<
.v
If you’re too close to an inflating air bag, it could-seriously
injure you. Safety belts help keepyou in positionfor an air bag
even with-an. inflation in a crash, Always wear your safety belt,
fair bag, and the driver shouldsit as far back as possible
2 .
-‘r r: still
maintaining control
of the vehicle.
;74
,4
.2:
-
I
-.
’
An inflating air bag can seriouslyinjure smallchildren.. -Always
.secure children properly in your
vehicle, To read how, see the
“Children and Safety Belts” sectionof this manual, andmad
the caution labelon the front-passenger’s safety belt,
Air Bag System Light
There is an air bag readiness light on the instrument panel. The system
checks itself and the light tells you if there is a problem.
You will see this light
for a few seconds
1 flash
when you turn your
ignition to “Run” or
“Start.” Then thelight
INFLATABLE 1 should go out, which
means the system is
RESTRAINT ready.
INFL.
REST.
1
28
I
How The Air Bag System Works
Where is the air bag?
The driver’s air bag is in the middle of the steering wheel.If your vehicle
has a right-front passenger airbag, it is located in the instrument panelon
the passenger’s side.
When is an air bag expected toinflate?
The air bag is designed to inflate in moderate to severe frontalor
will only inflate if the velocity of the
near-frontal crashes. The air bag
impact is above the designed threshold level. When impacting straight
into a wall that does not move or deform, the threshold
level for most
29
GM vehicles is between 9 and 14 mph. However, this velocity threshold
depends on thevehicle design and may be several miles-per-hour faster
or slower. In addition, this threshold
velocity will be considerably higherif
the vehicle strikes an object such as a parked car
which will move and
deform on impact. The air bag is also not designedto inflate in rollovers,
side impacts,or rearimpacts where the inflationwould provide no
occupant protection benefit.
In any particular crash, the determination
of whether the air bag should
have inflated cannot be basedsolely on the level of damage on the
vehicle(s). Inflation is determined by the angle of the impact and the
vehicle’s deceleration, of which vehicle damage is only one indication.
of whether an air bag should have
Repair costis not a good indicator
deployed.
What makes an air bag inflate?
In a frontal or near-frontal impactof sufficient severity, sensors
strategically locatedon the vehicle detect that thevehicle is suddenly
of a crash. These sensors complete
an electrical
stopping as a result
circuit, triggering achemical reaction of the sodium azide sealedin the
inflator. The reaction producesnitrogen gas,which inflates a clothbag.
The inflator, cloth bag, and related hardware areall part of the air bag
inflator modules packed inside the steering wheel and
in the instrument
panel in front of the passenger if there is a passenger air bag.
How does an air bag restrain?
In moderate to severe frontal
or near-frontal collisions, even belted
occupants can contact the steering wheel or the instrument panel. The air
bag supplements the protection provided
by safety belts. Airbags
distribute the forceof the impact more evenly over the occupant’s upper
body, stopping the occupant more gradually.
But air bags would not
provide protectionin many types of collisions, including rollovers and
rear and side impacts, primarily because an occupant’s motion
is not
toward the air bag. Airbags should never be regardedas anything more
than a supplement to safety belt protection
in moderate tosevere frontal
and near-frontalcollisions.
What will you see after an air bag inflation?
After the airbag has inflated, it will then quickly deflate. This occurs so
quickly that some peoplemay not even realize thatthe air bag inflated.
The air bag will not impede thedriver’s vision or ability to steer the
30
vehicle, nor will it hinder the occupants fromexiting the vehicle. There
will be small amounts of smoke coming from ventsin the deflated air
bags. Some componentsof the air bag modulein the steering wheel hub
for thedriver's air bag or the instrument panelfor the passenger's bag
may be hot fora short time, but the portionof the bag that comes into
contact with you will not be hot to the touch.The nitrogen gas used to
inflate the air bagwill have vented into thepassenger compartment, and
the bag will be deflatedwithin seconds after the collision. Nitrogen makes
up about 80% of the air we breathe and is not hazardous. As the nitrogen
vents from the bag, small particles are also vented intothe passenger
compartment.
In many crashes severe enough to inflate an bag,
air windshields are
broken by vehicle deformation. Additional windshield breakage
may
occur in vehicles with passenger air bags because the
windshield acts as a
reaction surfacefor the inflating airbag.
. .-
- ,<2
:
.i.
:'
Don't set anything on or attach anything to the instrument;:.,:;L_ . -. .
panel. It might injure the passenger
if the airbag inflates.1-1.:6:..:.--r~
. _ -.,
.
.
:.<'.:.,..::--.
-.- - .
,;
.
*:;
_ _I...:. .
-
-.
.-
:
.
The air bags are designed to inflate only once. After thed
$-.
inflate, you'll need some new parts for yourair bag system. If 'i2.:>
2:.:you don't get them, the airbag system won't he there to help-.,is::,-:.::
:
. protect you in another crash. A new system ,.?~ . i linclude
l
air .
. .;r_. .~~
p;.
.
bag modules and possibly other parts
yj-;-.. ;c:=g.*
.-
.- G . - ~ ~ ; , > . : i 8
,
.I
'
-
:--
Yx
~
.r-
-.
~
:
,
I-.
.2 - =:.*
-
,,-L
- .. - - .:
- ,:
.
- - ---
-
.-. - ..
.
.
.
.
:..
.
Let only qualified technicians work on your air bag system . - Improper service can mean that your air bao
cvctem wnn'fc--;- -.
work properly. See your dealer forservice.
.
.
.:---,
,.
- . .-.
-.
-
,
., ..
~
. . ...
,-- .
. ,-
-
.
-
.-x-
-
..
:.
. - : -.
...
.-,,
~.
. ':.?
,.
>,
.
.-
.
. .-
, .. -
.
.
. ..
.
31
.
-- -
..
. .-
.
L
If you damagethe cove Dr ! righ roI-- I Ssenger’ ir baL,
it may not work properly. You may have to redace both the air
ag andle i trument panel. non’t onen (1 weak the sir h w
cover
-
Sewicing Your Cadillac with the Air Bag System
Please tell or remind anyone who works on your Cadillac that it has the
air bag system. There are partso f thc air bag system i n several places
around your vehicle. You don’t want thc systcm to inflate while someonc
is working on your vchicle.Tl1e air bag system docs not need regular
maintenance. Your Cadillac dcalcr and the 1993 Cadillac Service Manual
have information about the air bag system, including repair ordisposal.
A
CAUTION:
For up to 10 minutes after the ignitionkey is turned off and the
battery disconnected, an airbag can still inflateduring
improper service. You can be injured if you are close to an air
bag when it inflates. Be sure to follow the proper service
nrocedu
-
When electrical work is done under thehood or inside your vehicle, the
ignition should be in “Lock” if possible. Avoid wires wrapped with yellow
tape, or yellow connectors. They are probably part of the air bag system.
Your vehicle has the driver’s air bag only. The driver’s air bag must be
disconnected if the ignition has to be on for electrical work or if the the
steering columnis to be disassembled. Disconnect the driver’s air bag like
this:
Turn off the ignition.
Remove the SIR (airbag) fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index).
Disconnect the yellow connector at thebase of the steering column.
32
Your vehicle also has the right-front passenger’s air bag. Both the driver’s
air bag and the right-frontpassenger’s air bag must be disconnected if the
ignition has to be on for electrical work, or if thc steeringcolumn or
instrument panel is to be disasscmbled.
Your vehicles with both a driver’s air bag and a right-front passenger’s air
bag, you must disconnect both airbags. Follow the procedureabove for
the driver’s air bag, then disconnect the right-front passenger’s air bag
like this:
Turn off ignition.
Remove the SIR (air bag) fuse (see “Fuses and Circuit Breakers” in
the Index).
Remove the trap doorlocated inside the glove box.
Disconnect the yellow connector.
When thework is complete, if the air bag system was disconnected, be
sure to reattacheverything and replace thefuse. before turning the
ignition on. When you turn the ignition key on, be sure you see the
inflatable restraint light on the instrument panel.If you don’t see this
light flash and then go out as usual, have your air bag system repaired.
SAFETYBELT USE DURING PREGNANCY
Safety belts work for everyone, including pregnant women.Like all
occupants, they are morelikely to be seriously injured if they don’t wear
safety belts.
A pregnant woman should weara lap-shoulder belt, and the lap portion
should be worn as low as possible throughout the pregnancy.
33
I
. .. .
The best way to protect the fetusis to protect the mother. When safety
a
belt is worn properly, it’s more likely that tlw fctus won’t be hurt in a
crash. For pregnant womcn,as for anyone, the key to making safety bclts
effective is wearing them properly.
RIGHT FRONT PASSENGER POSITION
The right front passenger’s safety belt works thc sameway a s the driver’s
safety belt. See “Driver Position,” earlier in this part.
When the lap portion of the bclt is pullcd out a l l the way, it will lock. If it
does, let it go back all the way and start again.
34
REAR SEAT PASSENGERS
It’s vely important for rearseat passengers to buckle up! Accident
statistics show that unbelted people in the. rear seat are hurt more often
in crashes than thosewho are wearing safety belts.
Rear passengers who aren’t safety belted can be thrown out of the vehicle
i n a crash. And they can strike others i n the vehicle who are wearing
safety be.lts.
Rear Seat Outside Passenger Positions
The positions next to thewindows have lap-shoulder belts. Here’s how to
wear one properly.
35
1. Pick up the latch
plate and pull the
belt across you.
Don't let it get
twisted.
2. Push the latch plate into thc bucklc until it clicks.
If thc belt stops
before it reaches the
buckle, tilt the latch
plate and keep
pulling until you can
buckle it.
36
If the belt is not long enough,scc “Safety Belt Extender” at the endof
this section. Make sure therelease button on the buckle faces upward or
outward so you would be able tounbucklc it quickly if you evcr had to.
4’3. To
make the lap
part tight, pull
down on the
buckle end of the
belt as you pull up
on the shoulder
past.
.-
37
The lap partof the belt should be worn low and snug on thehips, just
touching the thighs. In a crash, this applies forceto the strongpelvic
bones. And you'd be less likely to slide under the lapbelt. If you slid
under it, the belt would apply force at your abdomen. Thiscould cause
serious or even fatal injuries. The shoulder belt should go over the
shoulder andacross the chest. These partsof the body are best able to
take belt restraining forces.
The safety belt locks if there's a sudden stopor a crash.
A
CAUTION:
You can be seriously hurt if your shoulder belt
is too loose. In a
crash you would move forward too much, which could increase
injury. The shoulder belt shouldfit against your body.
38
I
0
To unlatch the
belt, just push the
button on the
buckle.
CENTER PASSENGER POSITION
Your vehicle has a rear bench seat. Someone cansit in the center
position.
39
When you sit in a
center seating
position, you have a
lap safety belt,which
has no retractor.To
make the belt longer,
tilt the latch plate
and pull it along the
belt.
To make the belt
shorter, pull its free
end as shown until
the belt is snug.
1,
I
I
0
Buckle, position and releaseit the sameway as the lap part
of a
lap-shoulder belt.If the belt isn’t long enough, see “Safety Belt Extender”
at the end of this section.
Make surethe release button on the buckle faces upward
or outward so
you would be able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever had to.
40
U
CHILDREN
a
Everyone in a vehicle needs protection! Thatincludes infants and all
children smaller than adult size. In fact, the law in every state and
Canadian province says children up tosome age must be restrained while
in a vehicle.
41
Smaller Children and Babies
.
$
,.:
CAUTION:
--3
;
.--
.,
,
Smaller children and babies should
always be restrained in a
:-childor hifant restraint. The instructions
for the restraintwill --... ~y whether it.isthe right type and size-for.your.child, A very ;2-*-,.
young child's hie 'bones are so small that a regular belt might . . .
-not'stay low on.the hips, as itshould. Instead, the beltwill likely
:be Ovir .theihild's,abdomen. In a crash the, beltwould apply '-2- i.
;-foiceright on the. child's abdomen,which could caus-eserious :or*'-!'
'
.-fatal
_ .
injuries; So, be sure thatany child smakenough for one is
diivays
properly restrainedin a child or infant restraint.
.
, _
... .1
.
.:
.
~
I-!:,:
.
. .
.- .- .
Q
-
,
-
.
-,
%$;
..
I
t
.
a
.- ..
,
_
-
hold a baby, inyour arms while riding in a vehicle, A'baby'.
mqesn't weigh much -- until-axrash. During a:craiha baby will - .
become so heavy y m can't hold it. For example, iris crash at Y j:.~
.-iy25 mph (40'km/h],a 12-pound , ( 5 5 kg) baby will..suddenly
';?!;:,
.
I..!.b$come a 240-pound (110 kg) force-on your
;-++a"sI11.s.
T.. :.*-;'$
The baby
f .,2
. w&ld be almost-impossiblet&..hold.
-.. .&' .-72:.
:'Gf
..
..
-
'--
-
-
,
;-.-
-a
c
I
CAUTION:.(Continued)
.
.
42
. T*
-83
43
CHILD RESTRAIINTS
Be sure tofollow the instructions for the restraint. You may find these
instructions on the restraintitself or in a booklet, or both. These
restraints use thebelt system in your vehicle, but the child also hasto be
secured within the restraint to help reduce the chance of personal injury.
The instructions that come with the infant or child restraint will show you
how to do that.
where toPut the Restraint
Accident statistics show that children are safer if they are restrained in
the rear ratherthan the front seat.We at General Motors therefore
recommend that you put your child restraint in the rear seat.NEVER put
a rear-facing child restraint in the front passenger seat. Here’swhy:
I
A CAUTION:
A child in a rear-facing childrestraint can be seriously
injured if the right-front passenger’sair bag inflates. This is
because the backof a rear-facing child restraint
would be
very close to the inflatingair bag. If your vehicle has a
right-front passenger’s air bag, always secure a rear-facing
.
child restraint in the rear seat.
1
7,
You may secure a forward-facing child restraint in the right
front seat. However, before securing a forward-facing child
back
restraint, ALWAYS move the front passenger seat as far
as it will go. Or, secure the child restraint in the rear seat.
44
I
I
A CAUTION:
A child in a child restraint in the fhnt-center
seat can be badly
injured by the passengerair bag if it inflates. NEVER use a child
restraintin the front-center seat. It’s alwaysbetter to securea
child restraint in the rearseat. You may, howwer, secure a
fom-rd-facingchild restraint in the right-front passenger seat
. .I
only with the seat moved all the way back
-I
.A
Wherever you install it, be sure to secure the child restraint properly.
A CAUTION:
An unsecured child restraint canmove around ina collision or
sudden stop and injurepeople in thevehicle. Be sure to
properly secure any child restraint in your
vehicle -- even when
no child-is in it: .
45
Top Strap
If your child restraint
has a top strap, it
should be anchored.
If you need to have an anchor installed, you can ask your Cadillac dealer
to putit in for you. If you want to install an anchoryourself, your dealer
can tell you how to doit.
Vehicles first sold in Canada have child restraint anchor bracket hardware
in the glove box, along with instructions for installing it. This shouldbe
used only with a child restraint, andonly to secure a child restraint at the
center rearseating position. Additional anchor brackets forchild
restraints at oneor both of the rear outside seatingpositions are available
at Cadillac dealershipsin Canada.
46
Securing a Child Restraint in a Rear Outside Position
I
/
l
You’ll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earliersection about the top
strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Put the restrainton the seat.Follow the instructions for the child
restraint.
2. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the instructionssay.
3. Pull out thevehicle’s safety belt and run the lap part through or
around the restraint.The child restraint instructions will show you
how. Tilt the latch plate toadjust the belt if needed.
See if the shoulderbelt would go in frontof the child’s face or neck. If
so, put it behind the
child restraint.
47
4. Buckle the belt.
Make surethe
release button
faces upwardor
outward, so you’ll
be able to
unbuckle it
quickly if you ever
need to.
A
5. To tighten the
belt, pull up on
the shoulderbelt
while you push
down on thechild
restraint.
48
I
*
.~ .
6. Push and pull the
child restraint in
different
directions to be
sure it is secure.
.k
-.
..a
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle’s safety belt and
let it go back all the way. The safety beltwill move freely againand be
ready to work for an adultor larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in the Center Rear Seat
Position
When you secure a child restraint in a center seating position,
you’ll be
using the lapbelt.
See the earlier section about the top strap
if the child restraint has one.
49
1. Make the belt as
long aspossible by
tilting the latch
plate andpulling
it along the belt.
2. Put the restrainton the seat. Follow the instructions for thechild
restraint.
3. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the instructions say.
4. Run thevehicle's safety belt through or around the restraint. Thechild
restraint instructions will show you how.
5. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the
release button
faces upward or
outward, so you'll
be able to
unbuckle it
quickly if you ever
need to.
6. To tighten the belt,pull its free end while you push down on thechild
restraint.
7. Push and pull the child restraint in different directions to be sureit is
secure. If the child restraint isn't secure, turn the latch plate
over and
buckle it again. Then seeif it is secure. If it isn't, secure the restraint
in a different placein the vehicle and contact thechild restraint maker
for theiradvice.
To remove thechild restraint, just unbuckle the
vehicle's safety belt. It
will be ready to work for an adultor larger child passenger.
Securing a Child Restraint in theRight Front Seat
Your vehicle has a right-frontpassenger's air bag. NEVER put a
rear-facing child restraint in this position. Here'swhy:
-. ....
. - *. . ..
I
'
F.
v -
A CAUTZON:
..,.
-?
*
..-
-
-;-
-1
&&*
'T.l
A rear-facing child restraintin the frontseat could be pushed
into the seatbackby the right-front passenger'sair bag if it
inflates. A child in a rear-facing child restraint canbe seriously
injured if this happens. Always secure a rear-facing child
restraint in the rear seat.
You'll be using the lap-shoulder belt. See the earlier section about the top
strap if the child restraint has one.
1. Always move the seat as farback as itwill go before securing a
front-facing child restraint.
2. Put the restraint on the seat.
Follow the instructions for thechild
restraint.
3. Secure thechild in the child restraint as the instructions say.
52
4. Pull out the
vehicle’s safety
belt and run the
lap part through
or around the
restraint. The
child restraint
instructions will
show you how.
See if the shoulderbelt would go in front of the child’s face or neck. If
S O , put it behind the child restraint.
5. Buckle the belt.
Make sure the release button
faces upward or outward, so you’ll be
able to unbuckle it quickly if you ever need to.
53
6. Pull the restof the
I
I
lap beltall the
way out of the
retractor to set
the lock.
a
54
I
To remove the child restraint, just unbuckle
the vehicle’s safety belt and
let it go back all the way.
to work for an adult
The safety beltwill move freely again and be ready
or largerchild passenger.
55
Larger Children
-
Children who have outgrown child restraints should wear thevehicle's
safety belts.
If you have the choice, achild should sit next to awindow so the child can
wear a lap-shoulder belt and get the additional restraint a shoulder belt
can provide.
Accident statisticsshow that children are safer
if' they are restrained in
the rear seat.But they need to use the safety belts properly.
56
Children who aren’t buckled up can be thrown outin a crash.
0
57
Children who
aren’t buckled up
can strike other
people who are.
A CAUTION:
.
Ne. - d o tl .
Here two children arc learing the same belt. The belt can’t
properly spread the impact
forces. In a crash, thetwo children
A belt must be
can be crushed together and seriously injured.
used by only one personat a time.
Q: What if a child is wearing a lap-shoulder belt, but
thechild is so
small that the shoulder
belt is very close to thechild’s face or neck?
A:
Move the child toward the center of the vehicle, but be sure that the
shoulder belt still is on the child’s shoulder, so that in a crash the
child’s upper body would have the restraint that belts provide. If the
child is so small that the shoulderbelt is still very closeto the child’s
face or neck, you might want to place the child in the center seat
position, the one that hasonly a lap belt.
58
A CAUTION:
Never do this.
I
I
C
r
r
r
Here a childis sitting ina seat that has a lap-shoulder
belt, but
the shoulder part is behind the child. If the child wears the belt
in thisway, in a crash the
child might slideunder the belt. The
belt’s force would then be applied right on thechild’s abdomen.
That could cause seriousor fatalinjuries.
Wherever the child sits,the lap portionof the belt should be worn
low
and snugon the hips, just touchingthe child’s thighs. This applies belt
force to thechild’s pelvicbones in a crash.
59
SAFETYBELT EXTENDER
If the vehicle’s safety beltwill fasten aroundyou, you should useit.
But if a safety beltisn’t long enoughto fasten, your dealerwill order you
an extender.It’s free. When you go in to order it, take the heaviest coat
you will wear, so the extenderwill be long enough foryou. The extender
will be just foryou, and justfor the seatin your vehicle thatyou choose.
Don’t let someone else useit, and use it only for the seatit is made tofit.
To wear it, just attachit to the regular safety belt.
CHECKING YOUR R E S T M N T SYSTEMS
Now and then, make sureall your belts,buckles, latch plates, retractors,
anchorages and remindersystems are working properly. Look for any
loose parts or damage. If you see anything thatmight keep a restraint
system from doing its job, have it repaired.
REPLACING SAFETYBELTS AFTER
A
CRASH
If you’ve had acrash, do you need new belts?
After avery minor collision, nothing may be necessary. Butif the belts
were stretched, asthey would be if worn during a more severe crash, then
you need new belts.
If belts are cut or damaged, replace them.
Collision damage alsomay
mean you will have to have safety belt parts, like the retractor, replaced
or anchorage locations repaired-- even if the beltwasn’t being usedat
the timeof the collision.
60
c
Q: What's wrong with this?
,I.
...
n
4
..
'
L
c
r
A:
r
The belt is torn.
A CAUTION:
Torn or frayed belts maynot protect you in a crash. They can
rip apart under impact forces. Ifa belt is torn or frayed, get
a
new one rightaway.
r
61
-
FEATURES AND CONTROLS
Here you can learn about the many standard and optional featureson
your Cadillac, and information on starting,shifting and braking. Also
explained are theinstrument panel and the warning systems that tell you
if everything is working properly -- and what to do if you have a problem.
KEYS
I
-.
.
A CAUTION:
.. -,
:&!;Leaving
young children in a vehicle with the ignition key is
u E ’
‘$$dangerous
for many reasons. A child or otherscould be badly
+’A
a.
-.
mjured or evenkilled.
:a$.
r,
+n
.
g&:*?:wsac;
:.,gGbkG
I.
I
:,:
They could operate power windows or othercontrols or even mrlki
the vehicle move. If they turned the ignition to “ON” and move,
the shift lever out of “P” (Park), that would release the parking
brake. Don’t leave the keys in a vehicle with voung children. +--
!
-
62
-3.5
A- ;
---’
>
.,
-...- . .
..
..-.
.
.
-.
.
..
.
The square keys are
for the ignition only.
The round keys are for
the doors andall other
locks.
I
I..
,- ,
.
I
I I
.
When a new Cadillac
is delivered, the dealer
removes the plugs
from the keys, and
gives them to the first
owner.
63
DOOR LOCKS
A CAUTION
Unlocked doom can be dangerous.
--
Passengers - especially children can eamy 01 I the doors
and f d out. When a door is locked, the inside handle won't
open it.
Outsiders can easily enterthrough an unlocked door when you
slow down or stop your vehicle.
This may not be so obvious: You are more likely to be thrown *
out of the vehicle in a crash ifthe doors aren't locked. Weap
safety belts properly, lo& your doors, and you will be far better
offwhenever you drive your vehicle.
The.re are several
ways to lock and unlock your vehicle:
From the outside: Use
your door key.
L
If your vehicle has a theft deterrent
system and it is armed, unlockthe
doors only with the key or Keyless Entry System. This will avoid setting
off the alarm.
64
a
:=*5
-~
I
I
From the inside: To
lock the door,slide the
lock lever down to
manually lock the
door.
To unlock the door,
slide the lock lever up.
Power Door Locks
unlock all the doors at
once. The rear power
door lock switches
won’t unlock any of
the doors -- that’s a
safety feature.
65
Automatic Door Locks (Option)
Just close your doors, turnon theignition and make sure the interior
courtesy lights are switched off. Every time you move your shift lever out
of “P” (Park) all of the doorswill lock. And, every time you stop and
move your shift lever into “P” (Park), your doors will unlock. If someone
needs toget out while you’re not in “P” (Park), have that person usethe
manual or power lock. When the dooris closed again, it will not lock
automatically. Just use the manual orpower lock to lock the dooragain.
Leaving Your vehicle
If you are leaving the vehicle, set thelocks from inside, get out andclose
the door.
Central Door Unlocking System (Option)
Your vehicle may be equippedwith this feature. Whenunlocking either
by holding the key in the turned
door, you can unlock the other doors
position for a few seconds.
Illuminated Entry System
Your illuminated entry system turns onall the courtesy lights when either
door is opened. When the door
is closed, the courtesy lights will stay on
for approximately 20 seconds or until the ignition is turned on.
REMOTE KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM
If your Cadillac has this option, you can lock and unlock your doors or
unlock your trunk fromup to 15 feet (4.5 m) using the key chain
transmitter supplied with your vehicle.
Your Remote Keyless Entry System is intended to be used as a
supplementary vehicle entry device. I t is not intended to replace, but
rather should beused in conjunction with a door lock key. I t operates on
a radio frequency subject to Federal CommunicationsCommission
(FCC) Rules.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject
to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful
66
interference, and (2) This device must accept any interference received,
including interference thatmay cause undesired operation.
Should interferenceto this system occur, trythis:
0
Check to determine if battery replacement is necessary. See the
instructions on battery replacement.
0
Check the distance. You may be too far fromyour vehicle. This
product has amaximum range.
0
Check the location. Other
vehicles or objects may be blocking the
signal.
See your Cadillac dealeror a qualified technician forservice.
Changes ormodifications to this system by other thanan authorized
service facility could void authorization to use this equipment.
Operation
Press this symbol to
unlock the driver’s
door. Pressit again
within 4 seconds to
unlock the other
doors. Pressing this
button will also
disarm the Theft
Deterrent System
and turn onthe
interior lights.
Press this symbol to
lock your doors.
This also arms the
Theft Deterrent
System.
67
[TI
0
Press this symbol to
open the trunk.
0
Press this button to
turn on the interior
lights and doorlock
cylinder
illumination.
r-L - r
@
Matching Transmitter(s) To Your Ehicle
Each key chain transmitteris coded toprevent another transmitter from
unlocking yourvehicle. If a transmitteris lost or stolen, a replacement
can be purchased through your dealer. Rememberbring
to the remaining
transmitter with you when you go to your dealer. When the dealer
matches the replacement transmitter to your
vehicle, the remaining
transmitter mustalso be matched. Oncethe new transmitter is coded, the
lost transmitterwill not unlock yourvehicle.
You can match a transmitter as
to many different vehicles as you own,
provided they are equippedwith exactly the same modelsystem. (General
Motors offersseveral different modelsof these systems on theirvehicles.)
Each vehicle can have only 2 transmitters matched to it.
See your dealerto match transmitters to another
vehicle.
Battery Replacement
Under normal use, the batteries
in your key chain transmitter should last
about two years.
You can tell the batteries are
weak if the transmitterwon’t work at the
normal rangein any location. If you have to get close to your vehicle
before the transmitterworks, it’s probably time to change
the batteries.
68
. Use round end of
the door key, or a
quarter to rotate
cover
counterclockwise
1/16 of a turn.
P
r
F
P
.
..
. .
69
2. Remove battery
and replacewith
CR2025 or
equivalent. Using
the wrong size
battery can damage
the transmitter.
1 3.
I
p1
-1
Make sure battery
is positioned with
facing cover.
"+"
4. Align notches on
cover and
transmitter and
rotate clockwise to
reinstall.
CENTER CONSOLE
Your vehicle is equipped with either the Mini Console or optional Full
Console.
The mini console comeswith a storage tray and a flip up arm rest door a
with dual cup holder, that opensto a storage compartment.
The full console includesa floor shift lever along with a flip up arm rest
door with a dual cup holder, that opens ato
storage compartment.
70
GLOW BOX
The glove box is directly in front of the frontpassenger seat. To unlock
the door, insert theoval key into the lock cylinder and turn it to the left.
An additional quarter turnwill open the door.To lock the door,turn the
key to the right and remove the key. The key may be removed in the
locked or unlocked position.
REMOTE TRUNK RELEASE
I You'll find the button
here in the glove box.
AUTOMATIC PULLIDOWN FEATURE
A CAUTION:
.
I.
.-dl
3a
.
__
ea
:*
-&<c:
.. .-A%-
$*?<
%4;
Jg&
Your carhasanautomatic pull-down feature
helps clos .
.+s
3+. ;1 *
the trunkelectronically. Your fingers can be trapped under the-+.;%-.trunk lid as it goes down. Your fingers could be injured, andyou $2:
would need someone to helpyou free them. Keep your fingers
way from t trunk lid as you close it and as it is going down.
~
71
1
NOTICE:
Don’t slam your trunk liddown. If you slam it, vou can damage
I
THEFT
Vehicle theft is big business, especially in some cities. Although your
Cadillac hasa numberof theft deterrent features,
we know that nothing
we put on it can make it impossible to steal. However, there are
ways you
can help.
Key in the ipition: If you walk away from your vehicle with the keys
inside, it’s an easy target forjoy riders orprofessional thieves -- so don’t
do it.
When you park your Cadillac and open the
driver’s door, you’ll hear a
chime reminding you to remove your key from the ignition and take it
with you. Always do this. Your steering wheel will be locked, and so will
your ignition and transaxle. And remember tolock the doors.
Parking at Night: Park in a lighted spot, close all windowsand lock your
vehicle. Remember to keepyour valuables out of sight. Put them in a
with you.
storage area, or take them
Parking Lots: If you park in a lot where someonewill be watching your
vehicle, it’s best to lock it up and take your keys. But what if you have to
leave your ignition key? What if you have to leave something valuable in
your vehicle?
0 Put your valuables in a storage area,like your trunk or glove box.
0
Lock the glove box.
Lock all the doors except the driver’s.
0
Then take the door key with you.
0
72
THEFT DETERRENT (OPTION)
If your Cadillac has this
option, it has a Theft
Deterrent Alarm
System. With this
system, the
“SECURITY” light
will flash as you open
the door (if your
ignition is off).
This light reminds you to arm the theft deterrent
system. Here’s how to
do it:
1. Open the door.
2. Lock the door with the power door lock switch or Keyless Entry
System. The “SECURITY” light should come onand stay on.
3. Close all doors. The “SECURITY” light should go off.
If a door or the trunk
is opened without the key or Keyless Entry System,
the alarm will go off. It will also go off if the trunk lock is damaged. Your
vehicle’s lights will flash and the hornwill sound for 3 minutes, then will
go off to save battery power.
Remember, the theft deterrent
system won’t arm if you lock the doors
with a key or manual doorlock. It arms only if you use a power door lock
switch or Keyless Entry System.
Here’s how to avoid setting off the alarm by accident:
If you don’t want to arm the theft deterrent system, the vehicle should
be locked with the door key after the doors are closed.
Always unlock a door with a key, or use the Keyless Entry System.
Unlocking a door any other way will set off the alarm.
If you set off the alarm by accident, unlock any door with your key. You
can also turn off the alarm by using the Keyless Entry System, if you have
it. The alarm won’t stop if you try to unlock a door any other way.
73
How to Test The Alarm
0
Roll down your window and lock your vehicle using the power door
lock or theKeyless Entry System.
Reach in and unlock the door using the manual lock, and open the
door. The hornwill sound and your headlights
will flash.
If the alarm does not sound
when it should, checkto seeif the horn
works. The hornfuse may be blown. To replace the fuse, see “Fuses and
Circuit Breakers” in the Index.
To reduce thepossibility of theft, always arm the theft deterrent
system
when leaving your vehicle.
PASS-KEY IIm
Your vehicle is equipped with the PASS-Key I1 TM (Personalized
Automotive Security System) theft deterrent system. PASS-Key I1 TM is a
passive theft deterrentsystem. This meansyou don’t have to do anything
different to armor disarm the system. It works when you insert or remove
the key from theignition. PASS-Key TM uses a resistor pellet in the
ignition key that matches a decoder in your vehicle.
When the PASS-Key TI TM system senses that someoneis using the wrong
key, it shuts down the vehicle’s starter and fuel systems. For about three
minutes, the starterwon’t work and fuel won’t go to theengine. If
someone tries to start yourvehicle again or uses another key during this
time, the vehicle will not start. This discourages someone from randomly
trying different keys with different resistor pellcts in an attempt to make a
match.
The ignition key must be clean and dry before it’s inserted in the ignition
or the enginemay not start. If the engine does not start andthe
“SECURITY” light comes on, thekey may be dirty or wet. Turn the
ignition off.
If you’re ever driving and the “SECURITY”light comes on and
continues to flash, you get the“PASS-KEY MALFUNCTION” message
and the“STARTING DISABLED” message appears, you will be able to
restart your engineif you turn it off. Your PASS-Key TI system,
however, is not working properly and must be serviced bylour Cadillac
dealer. Your vehicle is not protected by the PASS-Key I1 system.
TM
74
If you lose or damage a PASS-Key I1TM ignition key, see your Cadillac
dealer or alocksmith whocan service PASS-Key I1 TM to have a new key
made.
IGNITION KEY POSITIONS
This lock gives you five
different positions.
Before you put the key in, your ignition will be in the “LOCK” position.
This position locks your ignition, steeringwheel and transaxle. It’s an
anti-theft feature.
75
The otherpositions letyou perform these functions:
ACC: Accessory lets you use things like the radio and the windshield
wipers when the engineis off. To get into“ACC”,push in the key and turn
it toward you. Your steering wheel will remain locked, justas it was
before you inserted the key.
OFF This position lets you turn off the engine but still turn the steering
wheel. It doesn’t lock the steering wheel like “Lock.” Use “Off” if you
must have your carin motion while the engine is off (for example, if your
car is being pushed).
RUN: This is the position for driving.
START This starts your engine.
r
NOTICE:
If your key seems stuck in ‘ x k and you can’t turn it, be sure
wheel left and
it is all the way in. If it is, then turn the steering
right while you turn thekey hard. But turn thekey only with
your hand.Using a tool to force itcould break thekey or the
3
ignition swi’ ’1. If none of this w--ks, then your vehicle
servi cc
STARTING YOUR ENGINE
Engines start differently. The 8th digit of your Vehicle Identification
your engine. You will
Number (VIN) shows the code letter or number for
find the VIN at the top
left of your instrument panel. (See“Vehicle
Identification Number” in the Index.) Follow the propersteps to start the
engine.
Move yourshift lever to “P” (Park) or “N” (Neutral).Your engine won’t
start in any other position -- that’s a safety feature.To restart when you’re
already moving, use “N” (Neutral)only.
76
1. Don’t push the accelerator pedal before starting your engine.
In some
other vehicles you might need to do this, but becauseof your vehicle’s
computer systems, you don’t.
2. Turn your ignition key to “Start.” When the engine starts, let
go of the
key. The idle speedwill go down as your engine gets warm.
3. If it doesn’t start right away, hold your key in “Start for about three
seconds at a time
until your engine starts.Wait about 15 seconds
between each try to help avoid draining your battery.
”
.
.
-.
.
.
..
.
Holding your key in “Start” for longer than 1
excessive heat can damage your starter motor.
.
4. If your engine still won’t start (or starts but then
stops), it could be
flooded with too much gasoline.Try pushing your accelerator pedalall
the way to the floorand holding it there asyou hold the key in “Start”
for about three seconds.If the vehicle starts briefly but then stops
down for five or
again, do the same thing, but this time keep the pedal
six seconds. This clearsthe extra gasoline fromthe engine.
77
NOTICE:
Your engine is designed to work withthe electronics in yo1
vehicle. If you add electrical parts oraccessories, you cod
change theway the fuel injectionsystem operates. Before
adding electrical equipment, check with your
dealer, If you
don’t, your engine might not perform
properly.
If you ever haveto have yourvehicle towed, see the partof this
vehicle.
Manual thattells how to doit without damaging your
See “Tnwing Your Vehicle”in theIndex.
ENGINE BLOCK HEATER (OPTION)
In very cold weather, 0” F (-1 8 C) or colder, the engine block heater can
help. You’ll get easier starting and betterfuel econonly during engine
warm-up.
To use the block heater:
1. Turn off the engine.
2. Open the hood andunwrap the electrical cord.
3. Plug it into a normal, grounded 1 10-volt outlet.
r
I
electrical shock. Also, the wrong kind of extension cord could
overheat and cause a fire. You could be seriously injured. Plug
the cord intoa properly grounded three-prong110-volt outlet. If
the cordwon’t reach, use aheavy-duty three-prong extension
cord rated forat least 15 amps.
78
~
.-
NOTICE:
~
I
,.
.
.
~.
..
.~ .
.. .
- .
,.
After you’ve’.ts&d’h&bioch ~deater,be sure to store the cord as it
was before, to keep it away frop ltlcrvin 3tlgi-e marts. If you:
don’t, it couldbedamaged.
I
How long should you keep the block heater plugged in? The answer
depends on the weather, the
kind of oil you have, and some other things.
Instead of trying to list everything here,we ask that you contact a Cadillac
dealer in the area where
you’ll be parking your vehicle.The dealercan
give you the best advice for that particular area.
DRn’lNG THROUGH DEEPSTANDING
WATER
NOTICE:
If you drive too quickly through deep puddles standing
or
water,
water can come in through your engine’sair intake and badly
damage yourengine. If you can’t avoid deep puddlesor standing
water, drive through them very slowly.
79
AUTOlMATIC TRANSAXLE
Your automatic transaxle may have either a shift lever located on the
steering column or on the console between the seats.
There areseveral different positions for
your shift lever.
P . . . . . ................................................
Park
R . . . . .............................................
Reverse
N . . . . .............................................
Neutral
03 .... ........................................... Overdrive
Third Gear (Drive)
3 ..... ...................................
2 ..... ........................................
SecondGear
1 ..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .FirstGear
.
P (Park)
This locks your frontwheels. It’s the best position to use when you
start your engine becauseyour vehicle can’t move easily.
80
-*vel le t a n roll, $2-2.~
.: :
aq
-
..
- . ...iT
.h
i-”
..
Don’t I
enicle when the
engine
is
runnmg
unles
have to. If you have left the engine running, thevehicle ca
move suddenly. You or others couldbe injured. To be sure
vehicle won’t move, when you’re onfairly level ground, alw
set your parkingbrake and move the shift lever to “P” (Par
See “ snifting Into “P” (Park)” in the Index.11 you are par
L a hill, or if you’re pulling a trailer, also see“Parking
o
or “Towing a Trailer” in the Index.
Ensure the shift lever is fully in “P” (Park) range before startingthe
engine. Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock.
You have to
fully apply your regular brakes before you can shift from“P” (Park)
when the ignition key is inthe “Run”position. If you cannot shiftout of
“P” (Park), ease pressureon the shift lever - push the shift lever all the
way into “P” (Park) andalso release the shift lever button on floor shift
console models asyou maintain brake application.Then move the shift
lever into the gearyou wish. (Press theshift lever button before moving
the shift leveron floor shift console models.) See “Shifting
Out of ‘P’
(Park)” in this part.
R(Reverse)
Use this gear to back up.
81
To rock your vehicle back and forth toget out of snow, ice or sand
without damaging your transaxle, see
“If You’re Stuck in Sand, Mud, Ice
or Snow” in the Index.
N (Neutral)
In this position, your engine
doesn’t connect with the wheels. To
restart when you’re alreadymoving, use “N” (Neutral) only. Also, use
“N” when yourvehicle is being towed.
A CAUTION:
Shifting outof “P” (Park) or“N” (Neutral) while your engine is
“racing” (running at high speed) is dangerous.Unless your foot
is firmlyon the brakepedal, yourvehicle could move very
rapidly. You could lose control and hitpeople or objects. Don’t
shift outof “P” (Park) or“N” (Neutral) while your engine is
racing.
Damage toyour transaxle causedby shifting outof “P” (Park
L
0
@ AutomaticOverdrive
This positionis for normal driving. If you need more power for
passing, and you’re:
Going less than about
35 mph (56 km/h), push your accelerator
pedal about halfway down.
Going about 35 mph (56 km/h) or more, push the acceleratorall
the way down.
You’ll shift down to the next gear and have more power.
82
NOTIW:
L
3 (Third Gear)
This is like @ , but you never go into Overdrive.
Here are sometimes you might choose“ 3 ” instead of @:
-
When driving on hilly, winding roads
- When towing a trailer, so there is less shifting between gears
- When going down a steep hill
2 (Second Gear)
This position gives you more power but lower fuel economy.
You can
use “2” on hills. It can help control your speed you
as go down steep
mountain roads, but thenyou would also wantto useyour brakesoff
and on.
nlh
83
1 (First Gear)
This positiongives you even more power (but lower fuel economy)
than “2.”You can use it onvery steep hills, or in deep snow or mud. If
the selectorlever is put in “1,”the transaxle won’t shift into first gear
until thevehicle is going slowly enough.
PARKIN% BRAKE
I
84
To set the parking brake:
Hold the regular brake pedal
down with your right foot. Push
down the
parking brake pedalwith your left foot.If the ignition is on, the brake
system warnin? light will come on.
I-
When you move out
of “P” (Park) or“N”
(Neutral), if your
engine is running,
your parking brake
should go off.If it
doesn’t, you have a
parking brake
problem and should
have it fixed. In the
meantime, you can
still release your
parking brake. Just
pull on the manual
release lever, as
shown.
I
A
3 m e - q
5::- &*ZL
!My&
se-4
CAUTION:
. -- .
..
.L-
If your hand or armis in the way of thi’pedal, you could be -,::+
-+..:
hurt. The pedal springs back
quickly. Keep yourhand and arm
!+.
.--.. . .,
.
away when you use 1 ! manual release lever. - :,F
- - _. ..:=.
,--,:“:
-.7
7
,
.
I
.?f
’.+
I
.?
-
--.
.. .
NOTICE
L
Driving with the parking lake on can cause~ U L rear
bra,
overheat. You mav have to replace themand vou could also
,.*age
nther pal vnur
vfihicle.
~
.
~.
:..
~
.
-
i
I
-. . .
.~-:’?
~
ii
85
-
I
.’-:
.>,
. .
.-
.:
:
If you are on a hill: See “Parking on Hills” in thc Index. That section
shows how to turn your front wheels.
If vou are towing a trailer and are parking; on anv hill: See “Towing a
Trailer” in the Index. That section shows what t o do first to keep the
trailer from moving.
SHIFTING INTO ‘CPn(PARK)
I
A CAUTION:
It can be dangerous to get out of your vehicle if the shiftlever is
not fully.in“P”(Park) with the parking brake firmlyset. Your
vehicle can roll.
-.
If you have leftthe engine running, the
vehicle can move
suddenly. You or otherscould be injured. To be sure yourvehicle
won’t move, when you’re on fairlylevel ground, use thesteps
that follow. If you are parking ona hill, or if you’re pulling a
trailer, alsosee “Parking On Hills”or “Towing a Wailer” in the
Index.
Steering Column Shifl Lever
1. Hold the brake pedal down with your right foot.
86
2. Move the shift lever into“P” (Park) position likethis:
Pull the lever
toward you.
Move the lever
up asfar as it
will go.
r
3. With your right footstill holding the brake pedal down, set the
parking brake.
4. Move the ignition key to “Lock.”
5. Remove the key and takeit with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignition key in your hand, yourvehicle is in “P”
(Park).
87
Console Shift Lever
1. Hold the brake pedaldown with your right foot.
2. Move the shift lever into “P” (Park) position like this:
0 Hold in the button on the lever, and push the lever all the way
toward the frontof your vehicle.
3. With your right footstill holding the brake pedal down, set the
parking brake.
4. Move the ignition key to “Lock.”
5. Remove the key and take it with you. If you can walk away from your
vehicle with the ignitionkey in your hand, yourvehicle is in “P”
(Park).
88
Leaving Your Vehicle With theEngine Running
. -
.: . . ’-....-...
Itcanbe dangerous to leaveyourvehiclewiththe engine
running. Your vehicle could move suddenly if theshift lever is . - :I:=>-: - ~I
not fully in “P” (Park) with the parking brake firmly set. And, i
-”I leave the vehicle with theengine running, it could overheat
and evencatch fire. You or others could be injured. Don’A
yo1 vehiclewiththe engine running unlc , you h a I
---.*
?-
.J
~
-
If you have to leave your vehicle with the engine running, be sure your
your parking brakeis firmly set beforeyou
vehicle is in “P7, (Park) and
leave it. After you’ve moved the shift lever into the “P” (Park)position,
hold the regular brake pedal down. Then, see
if you can move the shift
lever away from “P” (Park)without first pulling it toward you (or, if you
have the console shift lever, without first pushingthe button).If you can,
it means that theshift lever wasn’t fully locked into “P7,
(Park).
SHIFTING OUT OF “P”(PARK)
Your Cadillac has a brake-transaxle shift interlock.
You have to fully
(Park) when the
apply your regular brake beforeyou can shift from “P7’
ignition is in the “Run”position. See “AutomaticTransaxle” in the Index.
If you cannot shift out of “P” (Park), ease pressureon the shift lever -push the shift lever all the way into “P” (Park) and also release the shift
lever button on floor shift console models asyou maintain brake
application. Then move the shift lever into the gearyou wish. (Press the
shift lever button before moving the shift lever.) If you ever hold the
brake pedal down but still can’t shift out of “P” (Park), try this:
1. Turn the key to “Off.” Open andclose the driver’s door to turn off the
2.
3.
4.
5.
Retained Accessory Power feature.
Apply and hold the brake until the endof Step 4.
Shift to “N” (Neutral).
Start the vehicle and then shift tothe drive gear you want.
Have the vehicle fixed as soon as you can.
-
PARKlING OVER THINGS TlYAT BURN
A CAUTION:
Things that can burn could touch hotexhaust parts under your
vehicle and ignite.Don't park over papers, leaves, dry grass or
other things that can burn.
90
ENGINE EXHAUST
A CAUTION:
I
Engine exhaust cankill, It contains the gas carbonmonoxide
(CO), which you can't see or smell. It can cause
unconsciousness and death.
You might have exhaust comingin if:
*
Your exhaust system sounds strange ordifferent.
8
Your
vehicle gets rusty underneath.
. ' *
6
-
0
Your :ehiQe was damaged ina .collision.
Your vehick was damaged when driving over high points on
the road or over road debris.
,
-
0
.
Repairs weren%.done:coirectly. .
-
0
Your vehicle or exhaust system had been modified
.
. .*
improperl' -- . ., .. .
-.-
*.,
-I
....- .
If you &r
*
.
.
-.:t,:,.
~
Ispeq
Drive-it.only
and
'
.--, :
,
.
.
*
-<
,_ -
:
-
'ihaust is coming intp your vehicle:
'_-- ali the windows
Have it fixed immediately.
.
..
91
down to .blow out any CO;
E
RUNNING YOUR ENGINE ?KHILE YOU’RE
PARKED
It’s better notto park with the engine running.But if you ever have to,
here aresome things to know.
ling the engine
with the air system control off could allow
dangerous exhaust into your vehicle(see the earlier Caution
under “Engine Exhaust”).
~
Also, idling in a dosed-in place can let deadly carbon monoxide
(CO) i n t k p u r vehicle evenif the fan switch is at the highest
setting. One placethis can happen is a garage. Exhaust with
CO -- can come in easily. NEVER park in a garage with the
engine running.
--
Another closed-in place can
be a blizzard. (See C6Blizzard”the
in
Index.)
It can be dangerous to getout of your vehicleif-theshin lever i
not fully inccP”(Park) with the parking brake firmly set. Your
vehicle can roll. Don’t leaveyour vehicle whenthe engine is
running unless you have to. If you’ve left the engine running,
the vehicle can move suddenly. You or others could be iqjun ,,
To be sure your vehicle won’t move, even when you’re
on fairly
level ground, always set yourparking brake after you move the
shift lever to “P’, (Park).
’
Follow the proper steps to be sure your vehicle won’t move. See
“Shifting Into ‘P’ (Park)” in the Index.
If you are parking on a hill, or if you’re pulling a trailer, also see
“Parking on Hills” or 4
Ta lhiler”
~ in the
~ Index.
92
I
POWER WINDOWS
I
The controls are near
each window. Here’s
how the master control
works.
Your vehicle has Retained Accessory Power (RAP). When you stop your
vehicle and turn theignition key to “Off”,you can still use your power
windows. The electrical power to operate the
windows willnot shutoff
until you open a door or10 minutes has passed.If you want this power
for another10 minutes, just turn thekey to “Run” andback to “Off”.
Express Down Window
The driver’s power window has thisfeature. Justpress the switch once -for half a second or more -- and then let go. The window willgo all the
way down. If you want to stop thewindow as it is going down, press the
switch again.
HORN
To sound the horn,
just press the centerof the steeringwheel.
93
TILT WHEEL
1
A tilt steering wheel allows you to adjust the steering wheel before you
drive.
You can also raiseit to the highest level to give your legs more room
when you exit and enter thevehicle.
To tilt the wheel, hold the steering wheel and pull the levcr. Move the
steering wheel to a comfortablelevel, then release thelcver to lock the
wheel in place.
94
THE TURN SIGNALIMULTIFUNCTION
LEPER
The lever on the left side of the steering column includes your:
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
Headlight High-Low Beam
Flash-To-Pass Feature
Headlamp Washers (Export Only)
Windshield Wipers
Windshield Washer
CruiseControl
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator
The turnsignal has
two upward (for Right)
and two downward
(for Left) positions.
These positions allow
you to signal a turn or
a lane change.
To signal a turn,move the lever all the way up or down. When the turnis
finished, the lever will return automatically.
A green arrow onthe
instrument panelwill
flash in the direction of
the turnor lane
change.
rpl
To signal a lane change, just raise lower
or
the lever until the green arrow
starts to flash. Hold it there until you complete your lanechange. The
lever willreturn by itself when you release it.
If for some reason yourturn signal is left on, the Driver Information
Center will display “TURN SIGNAL ON” (after driving about amile) to
remind you to turnit off.
96
1
El
As you signal a turn ora lane change, if the arrows don’t flash but just
stay on, a signal bulb may be burned out and other
drivers won’t see your
turn signal.
If a bulb is burned out, replaceit to help avoid an accident. If the green
arrows don’t go on at ail when you signal a turn, check the fuse (see
“Fuses” in the Index) and for burned-outbulbs.
Headlight High-Low Beam
To change the
headlights from low
beam to high or high to
low, pull the turnsignal
lever all the way toward
you. Then release it.
When the high beams
are on,a blue light on
the instrument panel
also will be on.
Flash-To-Pass Feature
This letsyou use your high beam headlights to signal a driver in front of
you that you want to pass. It works even if your headlights are off.
97
To use it,pull the multifunction lever toward you. When you do:
If your headlights are off Your high beam headlights will turn on. They’ll
stay on as long as you hold the lever there. Release the lever to turn them
off.
If your headlights are on. but on low beam: The system works normally.
Just pull the lever. Your headlights will shift to high beam and stay there.
To return tolow beam, just pull the lever toward you.
If your headlights are on. and onhigh beam: Your headlights will switch
to low beam. To get back to high beam, pull the lever toward you.
Windshield Wipers
WIPER To control the wipers, turn the bandon themultifunction lever.
MIST: Turn the band away from you and thenrelease it for a single wipe
cycle. For morecycles, hold the band on MIST longer.
LO or HI: Turn the band toward you to eitherLO (low speed) or to HI
(high speed), dependingon the wiper speed you want.
DELAY: With this you can set the wiper speed for a long or short delay
between wipes. Move the band to ON for long delays and thecloser you
get to LO the shorter thedelay.
OFF: To turn the wipers off, turn the band toOFF.
98
A
I
CAUTION:
Damaged wiper bladesmay prevent you from seeingwell enough
to drivesafely. To avoid damage,be sure to clear ice and snow
from thewiper blades before using them.
If they’re frozen to the
lo
windshield, carefully loosen or thaw them. If your 1
berntne damaged, get new blades or blade insert,.
. .
~
Heavy snow or ice can overload your wipers. A circuit breaker will stop
them until the motor cools. Clear away snow or ice to prevent an
overload.
Windshield Washer
To wash your
windshield push the
paddle labeled PUSH,
then release it. After
washing the windshield
the wipers will stop,
unless you were using
your wipers. If you
were, the wipers will
resume thewiper
speed you were using.
For morewasher
cycles push and hold
the paddle.
When the washerfluid reaches a low level, “LOW WASHER FLUID”
will be displayed in the Driver Information Center.
99
la
CAUTION
U
splash-am block your vision. Yon could hit another vehicle or
go off the road. Check your washer fluid level often.
*
c
Xn freezing weather, don't use your washer until the
windshield is warmed. Otherwise the washer fluid can fam
0
fi
I
I
I HeadlightWasher(Export Only)
If you have this feature,you will wash your headlights while washingyour
windshield at the same time
in bad weather. Just press the
PUSH paddle
on the multifunction lever.
100
CRUISE CONTROL
With Cruise Control,you can maintain a speed of about 25 mph (40
kmih) or morewithout keeping your foot on the accelerator. This
can
really help on long trips. Cruise Control doesnot work at speeds below
about 25 mph (40 km/h).
When you apply your brakes, the Cruise Control shuts
off.
Cruise Control can be dangerous where you can’t drive safely
at a steadyspeed. So, don’t use your Cruise Control on
winding roads or inheavy traffic.
Cruise Control can be dangerous on slippery roads. On such
roads, fast changes in tire traction can cause needless
wheel
spinning, andyou could lose control.Don’t use Cruise
Control on slippery roads.
To Set Crucse Control
1. Move the Cruise
Control switch to
“ON ”
101
If you leave your Cruise Control switch
on when you’re not
using Cruise, you might hit a buttonand go into Cruise when
you don’t want to.You could be startledand even lose control.
Keep the Cruise Control switch“OFF” until you want to use it.
2. Get up to the speed you want.
W
PUSH
.+9
I
4. The digital
instrument
panel
cluster hasa
“CRUISE
ENGAGED” light
that will come on.
There is no light on
the analog cluster.
1
5. Take your foot off the acceleratorpedal.
102
I
r
-
--
To Resume a Set Speed..
Suppose you set your Cruise Controlat a desired speed and then
you
apply the brake.This, of course, shutsoff the Cruise Control. Butyou
don’t need to resetit. Once you’re going about 25 mph (40 kmih) or
for
more, you can move the Cruise Controlswitch from “ON” to ‘‘,/A?
about half a second.
!-
You’ll go right back up to your chosen speed and
stay there.
I
I
i
I
r
r
I
A CAUTION:
If you hold the switchat %/A” longer than half a second, the
vehicle will keep going
faster until you release the switch or
apply the brake.You could be startled and evenlose control. So
unless you want to go faster, don’t hold the switch
at “RIA.”
To Increase Speed FWaile Using Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to go to ahigher speed. Here’sthe first:
1. Use the accelerator pedal to
get to the higher speed.
103
I
2. Push the button at the end
of the lever, then release the button and
the accelerator pedal. Yodll now cruise at thehigher speed.
Here’s the second way to go toa higher speed:
1. Move the Cruise switch from “ON” to “R/A.’, Hold it there unru you
get up to the speedyou want, and then releasethe switch.
2. To increase your speed in very small amounts, move the switch to
“R/A” Each time you do this, your vehicle will go about 1 mph (1.6
km/h) faster.
4.6L (Northstar)
The accelerate feature will only work after you have set the Cruise
Control speedby pushing the “SET CRUISE” button.
To Reduce Speed While Using Cruise Control
1. Push in the button at the endof the lever until you reach the lower
speed you want, then release it.
2. To slow down in very small amounts, push the button for less than half
a second. Eachtime you do this, you’ll go 1 mph (1.6 km/h) slower.
Pussing Another Khicle while Using Cruise Control
Use the accelerator pedal to increase your speed. Whenyou take your
foot off the pedal, your vehicle will slow down to theCruise Control
speed you set earlier.
Using Cruise Control on Hills
How wellyour Cruise Controlwill work on hills depends uponyour
speed, load, and the steepness
of the hills. When going up steephills, you
may have to stepon the accelcrator pedal to maintain your speed. When
going downhill, you mayhave to brake or shift to a lower gear to keep
your speeddown. Of course, applying the brake takesyou out of Cruise
Control. Many drivers find this to bc too much trouble and don’t use
Cruise Control on steephills.
104
To Get Out of Cruise Control
There aretwo ways to turn off the Cruise Control:
1. Step lightly on the brake pedal ; OR
I
P
2. Move the CRUISE switch to “OFF” (The “CRUISE” light will go
out .)
105
To Erase Speed Memory
When you turn off the Cruise Controlor the ignition, your Cruise
Control set speed memoryis erased.
LIGHTS
You’ll find the control on the left side of the instrument panel.
It controls theselight systems:
Headlights
0
Taillights
0
Parking Lights
0
Underhood Light (Option)
0
Instrument Panel Lights
0
License Plate Lights
0
Interior Courtesy Lights
Fog Lights (Option)
0
Rear Fog Lights (Export Only)
ALL LIGHTS
PANEL
LIGHTS
EXCEPT
HEADLIGHTS
I
OFF
)-
ALL
LIGHTS
BRIGHTNESS
Here’s how to
manually work your
light system.
COURTESY
LIGHTS
Lights On Reminder
If you open the doorwhile leaving the lights on, you will hear a warning
tone.
106
Twilight Sentinel
The controlis next to the headlight switch. It switches your lights on and
off by sensing how dark it is outside. To operate it, leave the light switch
off and move the control to any position but off.
If you move the control all the way to MAX, your lights will remain on for
90 seconds after you turn your engineoff. If you move the control almost
all the way in the other direction,so it is just on, the lights will go off
quickly when you turn off your engine. You can changethis delay time
from only a few seconds to90 seconds.
Operation of Lights
Although yourvehicle’s lighting system (headlamps, parkinglamps, fog
lamps, side marker lamps and tail lamps) meet all applicable Federal
lighting requirements, certain States andProvinces may apply their own
lighting regulations that may require special attention beforeyou operate
these lamps. For example, some jurisdictions may require thatyou
operate your lower beam lampswith fog lamps at all times, or that
headlamps be turned on whenever
you must use your windshield wipers.
In addition, most jurisdictions prohibit driving solely with parking lamps,
especially at dawn or dusk. It is recommended that you check with your
own State orProvincial highway authority for applicablelighting
regulations.
107
Light Sensor
The light sensor for
the twilight sentinel is
located in thecenter of
front
the
defogger
grille. If you cover the
sensor, it will read
"dark" and your lights
will come on.
Interior Lights
Turn the headlight switch passed HI to turn on the interior
lights.
Fog Lights (Eldorado Touring Coupe)
Use your fog lightsfor better vision in foggy or misty conditions. When
you press the upperfog light switch, a small indicatorlight will glow to
tell you the fog lightsare on.To turn them off, press the switch again.
108
L
tfi
D
When the twilight sentinel is on, theheadlights will turn off
automatically. Your fog and parkinglights will remain on.
If you switch on your high beam headlights, your foglights will turn off.
They’ll turn back on again when you switch to low beam headlights.
Rear Fog Lights (Export Only)
To turn them on, push
the lower switch. A
small indicator light
will glow to tell you
they are on.To turn
them off, press the
switch again.
Cornering Lights
The cornering lights come onwhen you signal a turn when the headlights
or parking lights are on. Thiswill provide more light for cornering.
Underhood Light
To operate, turn onyour parking lights, then the underhood
light will
illuminate when the hood is open.
Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only)
The Canadian Federal Governmenthas decided that “Daytime Running
Lights” (DRL) are a useful feature, in that DRL can make yourvehicle
more visible to pedestrians and otherdrivers during daylight hours. DRL
are required on new vehicles sold in Canada.
109
Your DRL work with a light sensor on topof the instrumentpanel.
Don’t cover it up.
The low beam headlights will come on at reduced brightness
in daylight
when:
The ignition is on
The headlight switch is off, and
The transaxle is not in “P” (Park).
lights
.At dusk, if the Twilight Sentinel featureis turned on, the exterior
will come onautomatically and thelow beams will change to full
brightness. At dawn, the exteriorlights will go out and the
low beams will
change to the reducedbrightness of DRL (if the headlight switch is off).
Of course, you may still turn on theheadlights any time you need to.
To idle yourvehicle with the DRLoff, shift the transaxle into “P” (Park).
The DRL will stay off until you shift out of “P” (Park).
Reading Lights
You have reading lights located in the roof. These lights and the interior
courtesy lights will come on when y o u open the door.
Push the button to
turn them on. Push it
again to turn them off.
110
MIRRORS
Inside DaylNight Rearview Mirror
To reduce glare fromlights behind you, move the lever like this:
Automatic Inside Rearview Mirror
Your Cadillac may
have the optional
automatic
electrochromic
rearview mirror.
During thedaylight it’s like the standard mirror. But at night the system
goes towork.
During the day the mirror reflects all the light from behind your car.At
night, when theglare is too high, it darkens toreflect only part of the light
behind you. When the mirror darkens,
it holds that position until the
glare is no longer present.
111
Settings
Your automatic rearview mirror has differentpositions for light
sensitivity. At the“MAX” setting, bright headlights far away will cause
the mirror to gradually darken. Thisis a good setting for ruraldriving. At
the “MIN” setting, bright headlights have to be rather close for the
mirror to darken.This is a good setting €or city driving.
Reverse Gear Day Mode
The reverse mode is another important featureof the automatic mirror.
When theshift lever is placed in “ R ’ (Reverse), the mirror changes to the
daytime mode for a bright image in the mirroras you back up.
Turn the switch to
“OFF”when you want
mirror
tothe
stay in
the day mode.
~
. :.._.
...,..
.
>: e
,.
*_,i
..
X.<.,?.#,
.j
;.c.,c<-
iil,
.::
.. , .
.. .
112
Cleaning Photocells
Use a cottonswab and glass cleaner to clean the front and rear photocells
that make the mirror
work.
Front Seat VanityMirrors
7 To use one, turn the
~
sunshade down. Then
lift the cover up to see
the mirror. Theswitch
makes the light
brighter.
113
Power Remote ControlMirrors
The control on the driver’s door armrest operates both outside
rearview
mirrors. Move the centerswitch to the left to select the driver side mirror,
or to theright to select the passenger side mirror. Then press the control
pad to adjust each mirrorso that you can just see theside of your vehicle.
To lock the controls leave the selector switch in the middle position.
When you operate the rear window defogger, it also warms both outside
mirrors to help clear themof fog or ice.
CONVEX OUTSIDE MIRROR
Your right side mirroris convex.
A convex mirror’s surface is curved so you can see more from thedriver’s
seat.
114
A CAUTION:
I
I
If you aren't used toa convex mirror, you can --it another
(like other vehicles)
vehicle. A convex mirror can make things
look farther away than they really are. If
you cut too sharply
into the rightlane, you could hit a vehicle on your right. Check
your inside mirror glance
or
over your shoulder before changing
lanes.
I
I
BREAK-AWAY OUTSIDE MIMOR (EXPORT)
r
The mirrorswill collapse in either theforward or rearward direction, and
then return to the normal
position.
ASTROROOF = EXPRESS OPEN
If you have this option,the switch is here:
If -
The astroroof includes sliding
a
glass panel and asliding sunshade. The
control switch only works with the ignition onor in Retained Accessory
Power (RAP)mode.
7
f
115
To Open: Press theswitch rearward to open theglass panel and sunshade.
The sunshade can also be opened
by hand. If you want to stop theroof in
a partially open position, press theswitch in either direction to stopit.
Press the switch again to open it fully.
To Close: Press and hold the switch forward to close the glass panel. The
sunshade canonly be closed by hand.
To Vent: Press the switch forward when the glass panel is closed. Open the
sunshade by hand. To close the vent press theswitch rearward.
SUNGLASS COMPmTMENT
If you have the optional Astroroofyou will not have this feature.To gain
rearview mirror in
access to this feature located directly above the inside
the headliner, justpush up and the compartmentwill open.
116
ASHTRAYS AND LIGHTERS
If have the full
console, push on the
cover to reveal the
ashtray andlighter.
OR
If you don’t have a
center console, just
pull the ashtray out to
reveal the ashtray and
lighter.
To clean the ashtray, lift it out by pulling on the snuffer.
If you don’t have a console, and theashtray will not come outby pulling
on thesnuffer, try this: Reach under the ashtray and gently push up on
the ashtray bowl and removeit.
117
Rear Ashtray
To open the rear
ashtrays lift the lid.
Cigarette Lighter
It’s near the ashtray. To use the lighter just push it all the way and let go.
When it’s ready, it will pop back by itself.
118
GARAGE DOOR OPENER (OPTION)
This optionallows you
to open up to three
garage doors. The
transmitter unit fits the
overhead panel.
Your Cadillac dealer can tell you about the handheld power pack unit
and the installationyou’ll need at home to make this work. If your
CadilIac is equipped with an Electriclear” heated windshield,you’ll have
to be closer tothe garage door for the transmitter
unit to work.
FLOOR MATS
If your Cadillac is equipped with rubber-backed front and rearfloor mats,
keep them cleanby vacuuming and using a spot cleaner,if necessary. Do
not machine wash.
TRACTION CONTROL SYSTEM (4.4L
NORTHSTAR)
Your traction controlsystem operates only when the system senses that
one or bothof the frontwheels is spinning or beginning to lose traction
while driving. Thisis especially useful in slippery road conditions.The
traction control system works at all speeds. It limits wheel spinby using
the antilock and brake systems to
apply the front brakes andby shutting
off fuel injectors to reduce engine torque.
You may be able to spin the tires when acceleratingfrom a standstill on
dry pavement. Thisis normal. The “TRACTION ACTIVE” message will
119
display on theDriver Information Center when the traction control
system is operating.
You may feel the system working through slight movement of the
accelerator pedal, oryou may notice some noise, but this is normal.
Your Driver Information Centeris an important sourceof information
about yourtraction control system. See “Driver Information Center” in
the Index.
THE INSTRUMENT PANEL: YOUR
INFOR2MATION SYSTEM
Your instrument panelis designed to let you know at a glance how your
Cadillac is running. You’ll know how fast you’re going, how much fuel
you’re using, and many of the otherthings you’ll need to know to drive
safely and economically.
Digitul Cluster
:i-i
-Q 8
c
.
If you have the 4.6 L Northstar your tachometer and speedometer
will
have a different calibration.
Analog Cluster (4.9 L)
Canadian Analog Cluster (4.9 L )
11111
121
Export Cluster (4.9 L)
P
. ...
.
-
Speedometer and Odometer
Your speedometer lets you see your speed in both miles per hour (mph)
and kilometers per hour (km/h).Your odometer shows how far your
vehicle has been driven, in either miles (used in the US.) or kilometers
(used in Canada).
EnglishlMetric Button
You can go back and
forth from English
(miles) t o metric
(kilometers) by pushing
this button.
._.'
-!
f
122
The same buttonalso makes otherreadings (like temperature, fuel and
odometer) go between English and metric.
Trip Odometer
You can tell how far
you’ve gonc since you
last set it back to zero.
To reset, push and hold
the buttonuntil it
zeros.
If your vehicle is domestic, the trip odometerW I I I return to zero after
999.9 miles (1609 km). If your vehicle is Canadian or Export, the trip
odometer will return to zero after 1999.9 km (1242 miles).
Odometer
You may wonder what happens if a car has to have a new odometer
installed. The new one may read the correctmileage. This is because your
car’s computer has stored the
mileage in memory. If it isn’t stored, then
this odometer is set at zero, but
a label on thedriver’s door must show the
old reading andwhen the new one was installed.
‘WARNING LIGHTS
This section describes the warning lights that may be on your vehicle. The
pictures will help you locate them.
Warning lights can signal that something is wrong beforeit becomes
serious enoughto cause an expensive repair or replacement. Paying
attention to your warning lights could also save you or others frominjury.
Warning lights go on when there may be oris a problem with one of your
vehicle’s functions. As you will see in the details on the next few pages,
123
some warning lights come onbriefly when you turn theignition key just to
let you know they’re working.If you are familiar with this section,you
should not be alarmedwhen this happens.
When oneof the warning lights comes on andstays on when you are
driving, check the section that tells you what to do aboutit. Please follow
the manual’s advice. Waiting to do repairscan be costly -- and even
dangerous. So please get to know your warning lights. They’re a big help.
Your vehicle may also have a driver information system that works along
with the warning lights. See “DriverInformation System” in the Index.
Brake System WarningLight
Your Cadillac hydraulic brake system is divided into two parts. If one part
isn’t working, the other partcan still work and stopyou. For good
braking, though, you need both partsworking well.
If the warning light goes on, there could be a brake problem. Have your
brake system inspected right away.
BRAKE
(0
BRAKE
)
This light should come
on as you start the
vehicle. If it doesn’t
come on then, have it
fixed so it will be ready
to warn you if there’s a
problem.
This light will also come on when you set your parking brake, andwill
stay on if your parking brakedoesn’t release fully. If it stays on afteryour
parking brake is fully released, it means you have a brake problem. If the
light comes on while driving, pull off the road and stop carefully. You may
notice that the pedal is harder to push. Or, thepedal may go closer to the
floor. It may take longer to stop. If the light is still on, have the vehicle
towed for service. (See “Towing Your Vehicle” inthe Index.)
124
I
I
A CAUTION:
Your brake systemmay not be working properly ifthe brake
warning light is on. Driving with the brake warning
light on can
lead to an accident. If the light is still on after you've pulled off
e road andstopped carefully, have thevehicle towed for
service.
=
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light
With anti-lock, this light will go onwhen you start your engine and
may
stay on for several secondsor so. That's normal. If the light doesn't come
on, have it fixed so it will be ready to warn you if there is a problem.
If the light stays on or comes on
when you're driving, stop as soonas
possible and turn thekey off. Then start theengine to reset thesystem. If
the light still stays on, or comes on again while you're driving, your
Cadillac needs service. -Unless the regular brakesystem warning light is
also on, you will still have brakes, but notanti-lock brakes. If the regular
brake system warning light is also on, see "BrakeSystem Warning Light"
earlier in this part.
The anti-lock brake system warning light may also come on when you are
driving with acompact spare tire.If this happens, thelight means you
won't have anti-lock until you replace the compact spare
with a full-size
125
tire. If the warning light stays on after you replace the compact spare wlrn
a full-size tire, orif it comes on again when you’re driving, your Cadillac
needs service.
Engine Temperature WarningLight (Export Only)
This light tells you that
your engine has
overheated. You
should stop the car and
turn the engineoff as
soon as possible. A
warning chime should
also sound if this light
comes 011. As a check,
the light should come
on for afew seconds
whcn you start your
engine.
HOT COOLANT CAN BURN YOU BADLY!
In “Problems on theRoad,” this manual shows what to do. See “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
Service Engine Soon Light
I
ENGINE
SOON
126
A computer monitors operationof your fuel, ignition andemission
control systems. Thislight should come onwhen the ignition is on, but
the engine is not running, as a check show
to you it is working. If it does
not come on at all, have it fixed right away. If it stays on, orit comes on
while you are driving, the computeris indicating that you have a problem.
You should take yourvehicle in for service soon.
Battery Charge Light (Export Only)
When you turn the key
to “Run” or“START”,
this light will come on
briefly, to show that
your alternator and
battery charging
systems are working.
.
L
If a lightstays on, you need service,and you should take your Cadillacto
the dealer at once.To save your battery untilyou get there, turnoff all
accessories.
Engine Oil Light (Export Only)
This light tclls you if
there could be a
problem with your
engine oil pressure.
I
The light goes onwhen you turn your key to “Run” or “Start.” It goes off
once you start yourengine. That’s just a check to be sure thelight works.
If it doesn’t, be sure tohave it fixed so it will be there to warn you if
something goes wrong.
When the light comes on and stays on, it means oil isn’t going through
your engine properly. You could be low on oil, or you might have some
other oil problem.
I
A CA, TIO, 4:
~~~
I
Don’t keep drivingif the oil pressure is low. If you do, your
engine can become so hot that it catches fire. You or others
could be burned. Check youroil as soon as possible and have
vour vehicle serviced.
128
Tachometer - Analog Cluster
\
\
\ \ '4
2
d r
5
This gage indicatesthe
engine speed in
Revolutions Per
Minute (RPM).
"1
.
~~
.
-.
NOTICE:
Do not operate the engine with the tachometer in the red area,
or engine damagemay occur.
Engine SpeedLimiter (4.6L Northstar)
If you have the 4.6L Northstar engine, you have an Engine Speed
Limiter. This feature prevents the engine from operating at
many
too
revolutions per minute (RPM). When
your engineRPM,'s are critically
high the fuelsupply to the engineis shut off. When the engine speed
slows, the fuel supplywill come onagain. This helps prevent damageto
the engine.
Vehicle SpeedLimiter 4.6 L (270 hp)
This feature prevents
your vehicle from exceeding speeds thatyour tires
are not rated for. When
this happens your engine's fuel supply is shut off.
When thevehicle speed slows, the fuel supply will come onagain.
129
I
Fuel Gage
Your fuel gage shows a b o u t how much fuel is in y o u r tank. It works only
when the ignition is in the “RUN” position.
Digital Gage
If the fuel level is within approximately one gallon (3.9 liters) of being full
the letter “F” is shown.
If the fuel level is between 1 and 2 gallons (3.9 and 7.6 liters) from being
empty the letter“E” is shown. If the fuel supply gets down t o
approximatcly 1 gallon (3.9 liter) the ”E” will flash, and the FUEL
LEVEL VERY LOW” message will appear i n the Driver Information
fuel gage, the “FUEL LEVEL VERY
Center (DIC). (On the analog
LOW’’ message will also appear.)
“
Here are a few concerns some owners have had about the fucl gage. All
these situations arenormal and indicate nothing wrong with the fuel
gage.
0 At the gas station, the gas pump shuts off before the gage reads “F”.
It takes more (or less) gas t o fill up than the gage said. For example,
the gage said “8 Gallons”?but it t o o k morc -- o r less -- than the tank’s
remaining capacity t o fill it.
The gage changes when you turn (or stop, or speed up).
Fuel Data Panel
DATA
Your Fuel Data Panel tells you a l l you want t o know about your fuel
economy and how far you can travel with the fuel remaining. Here's how
it works.
DATA: Push this button to toggle between INST MPG" (instantaneous
miles per gallon) or the "AVG MPG" (average mile per gallon) displays.
You can also display it in metric units by pressing the "ENG MET"
button.
"
RESET Push this button to resetthe AVG MPG" to zero.
"
AVG MPG (Average Fuel Economy):When '' AVG MPG" is selected, the
total distance is divided by thc total fuel used.
INST (Instantaneous Fuel Economy): When INST MPG" is selected,
y o u will see what your fuel economy is at that instant.The computer
takes a new reading twicc every second. Itwill show economy up to 70
miles per gallon (or 2 liters per 100 Kilomctcrs).
"
RANGE: This display shows how far the computer thinks y o u can go with
the fuel that is in your tank. The computer does
not know what driving
conditions will be like for the rest o f your trip, so the range is estimated
based on your previous fuel economy. Thcrcforc, your range readingmay
change a s your driving habits change (going from city to highway driving
may increase the range reading).
131
When you get down to 40 miles to go (or,in metric 64 km) the range
display will show 66L~7’.
Your computer needs enough data for the “RANGE”
reading to work,
however, so it will read “Lo”for awhile when yourvehicle is brand new
(under 25 miles). Also, itwill show
for a while if your battery has
been disconnected.
Driver Information Center
Your Driver Information Center (DIC)display gives you the statusof
many of your vehiclesystems. The DICis used to display driver selectable
information and warningstatus messages.
If more than oneproblem is detected, messages will automatically appear
in priority succession with the higher prioritymessages displayed first.
Driver Information Center Control Buttons
INFORMATION
Pressing this buttonsuccessively will display the ENGINERPM (Digital
Cluster only), ENGINE COOLANTTEMP, BATTERY VOLTAGE, OIL
LIFE INDEX and FUELUSED.
132
STORE/RECALL
Pressing thisbutton will store any currently displayed messagethat is
indicating a system problem. Once a message has been stored next
the
message of normal information is displayed.
When a message is stored it is saved in the computer, but once the
ignition is turned off the message is lost. All messages stored when your
engine is running can beviewed one at a time
by pressing
“STORE/RECALIY button.
FUEL USED RESET
Display the fuel used, then pressand hold the STORE/RECALL button
until 0 is displayed.
DISPLAY ON/OFF
Pressing this buttonwill turn off the Driver Information Center,
Electronic Climate Control and Fuel Data Center
displays. While
will turn ononly
displays are off, pressing the “INFORMATION” button
the Driver Information Center.If any other button is pressed or a driving
warning message needsto be displayed,or fuel level falls below 4 gallons,
all the displays will come back on.
TRIP SET
Press and hold this button to set Trip
the Odometer back to zero.
ENG/MET (English/Metric)
Press this buttonto switch from English (miles)to metric (kilometers).
Driver Information Center Messages
These messages will appear if there is a problem sensedin one of your
vehicle’s systems. Vehicles that are first sold in Canada or are export
vehicles will have a number after eachmessage. Thisnumber helps to
identify that message, which is only displayed in English.
APPLY BRAKE TO SHIFT
This messagewill appear if your vehicleis in “P” (Park) for about
5
seconds and the brakeis not depressed. If you do not want this message
to appear,you can cancel this messageby pressing the OFF and theBlue
(cooler) button on the Electronic Climate control panel. Push the 2same
buttons againto have this message displayed again.
133
-
A/C OVERHEATED A/C COMPRESSOR OFF
If the refrigerantsystem ever reaches an over-pressure condition, this
message will appear to tellyou that the air conditioning compressor has
been turned off. Air conditioned air will not be delivered to cool your
you must
vehicle. If the pressure returnsto a normal operating range,
select “AUTO”,“DEFOG” , or Defrost to start the compressor.
If this
message continues to appear,have the system repaired as soon as
possible to avoid compressor damage.
BATTERY NO CHARGE
This messagewill appear if your batteryis not being charged. Have your
electrical system checked by your Cadillac dealership at your earliest
convenience.
BATTERY VOLTSHIGH
This message shows that the electrical chargingsystem is overcharging,
(more than 16 volts). To avoid being strandedhave the electrical system
checked by your Cadillac dealershipat your earliest convenience.You can
reduce the charging overload
by using the accessories.Turn on the lights,
radio, set the Climate Control on“AUTO” and the fan speedon “HI”
and turn the rearwindow defogger on.You can monitor battery voltage
on theDriver Information Centerby toggling the “INFORMATION’’
button. When the engineis running, the normal rangeis 11.5 to 15.5
volts.
BATTERY VOLTS LOW
This messagewill appear when the electrical system is charging less than
10 volts, or if the battery has been drained.If this message appears
immediately after startingit is possible that the generator canstill
recharge the battery.The battery should recharge after
driving a few
miles and themessage should go out. If this message appears while
driving or afterstarting your vehicle and stays on, have it checked
immediately to determine the causeof this problem.To help the
generator recharge the batteryquickly, youcan reduce the load on the
electrical system by turning off your accessories.You can monitor battery
voltage on the Driver Information Centerby toggling the
“INFORMATION” button. Thenormal range is 11.5 to 15.5 volts.
134
CHANGE TRANS FLUID (NorthstarOnly)
This messagewill appear when it is time to replace the transaxle fluid.
See your maintenance booklet for the proper fluid and change intervals.
CHECK BRAKE FLUID
This message is displayed to inform the driver that the brakereservoir
fluid level is low. Check the brake reservoirlevel and add as needed.
Have the brakesystem serviced by a Cadillac technician as soon as
possible. If the brake warninglight is on, follow the directionsin that
section.
CHECK COOLANT LEVEL(Northstar Only)
This messagewill appear when there is a low level of engine coolant.
Have the coolingsystem serviced by a Cadillac technician as soon as
possible.
CHECK FUEL GAGE
This messagewill appear when your fuelsupply is less than 4 gallons and
your display is turned off.
CHECK OIL LEVEL (Northstar Only)
This message will appear when your engine oil is approximately a quart
low. If this message is displayed, check theoil and add as needed.
CHANGE OIL SOON
This messagewill appear when your engineoil is less than 10 percent or
the mileage sincethe last oil change is more than 6750 miles.
CHANGE ENGINE OIL
This means that thelife of your engineoil has expired andit should be
changed immediately. See engineoil and filter recommendationsin the
Maintenance Schedule. After anoil change, the Oil Life Index must be
reset. See “Oil Life Indicator” in the index on how to reset it.
135
ENGINE COOLANT HOT IDLE ENGINE
This message will appear when your engine coolanttemperature is over
126°C (248’F). To avoid added strain on a hot engine, turnoff your
Climate Controlsystem and stop andallow your vehicle to idle until it
cools down or themcssage is removed. If it does not cool down, turn off
your engine and have it serviccd before driving it again. Severe enginc
damage can result from an overheated engine. See “Engine Overheating”
in the Index.
ENGINE HOT - A/C COMPRESSOR OFF
This message will appear when the Climate Control is in “Auto” or
Defrost and theengine coolant is hotter than thenormal operating
temperature. To avoid added strain on a hot engine the air conditioning
compressor is automatically turned off. When that happens, air
conditioned airis not delivered. Tf the coolant temperature returns to
normal, you must select “AUTO”, “DEFOG” orDefrost to return toa
normal A/C compressor operation.
FUEL LEVELVERY LOW
This message. serves as a warning that the fuel level in your tank is
critically low. It means you should stop forfuel immediately.
LOW A/C REFRIGERANT - SERVICE A/CSOON
This message will appear when the A/C refrigerant is so low that it no
longer can cool well. This message shows that someof the refrigerant has
leaked outof the system, and that theA/C needsrecharging. If you do
not have it recharged, the system may not cool at all.
CHECK WASHER FLUID
This message shows that thewasher fluid reservoir is nearly empty.
REDUCE ENGINE POWER(Northstar Only)
This message will appear if the engine starts to cutcylinders to reduce
power, If this message is ever displayed have your vehicle serviced as soon
as possible.
136
SERVICE A/C SYSTEM A/CCOMPRESSdR OFF
This message appears when the electronic sensors that control the A/C
and heating system are no longer working. You mav notice a drop in
heating and A/Cefficiency when this message appkars. Have your
Climate Control system serviced if this message appears.
STARTING DISABLED DUE TO THEFT SYSTEM REMOVE
IGNITION KEY
This message will appear when the Personalized Automotive Security
System (PASS Key I1 rM ) senses that an improper ignition key is being
used to try to start thevehicle. Check the ignition key for damage. If it i s
damaged, it may need to be replaced.If you see no damage, clean the
pellet contactswith a soft cloth or napkin. Remove the ignition key and
wait for the Driver Information Center display
to
“WAIT 3 MINUTES”.
The Instrument Panel Cluster will then run a timer and changethe
messages to “WAIT2 MINUTES”, “WAIT1 MINUTE”, and then
“START CAR”. When the“START CAR” message is displayed, try again
to start the engine.
SERVICE NOW - REFER TO OWNERS MANUAL
This message appears if you have a problem with the Electronic Control
Module (ECM). To correct this problem have your vehicle serviced at
your Cadillac dealership.
SERVICE RIDE CONTROL
This message is displayed to indicate that the Suspension System is not
operating properly. To correct this problem have your vehicle serviced at
your Cadillac dealership at your earliest convenience.
STOP ENGINE ENGINE OVERHEATING
This message will appear when your engine has overheated. Stop and
turn your engineoff immediately to avoid severe engine damage. See
“Engine Overheating” in the Index.
SERVICE VEHICLESOON
This message will appear if there is a problem with your Emission
Control System. If the “SERVICE ENGINE SOON”
light on the
instrument panel andthis message appear and then turnsoff, it is an
indication that a temporary problem has cleareditself. Have your vehicle
checked at your earliest convenience.
137
STOP ENGINELOW OIL PRESSURE
If this message appearswhile the engine is running, stopthe engine and
do not operateit until the cause of low oil pressure is corrected. Severe
damage to the engine
can result.
SERVICE SUPPLEMENTAL INFLATABLE RESTRAINT
If this message appears,there is a problemwith your Supplemental
Inflatable Restraint (AirBag) system. Let only a qualified technician
work on your vehicle.See your Cadillac dealer forservice at once.
THEFT SYSTEM PROBLEM/CAR MAY NOT RESTART
This message meansthere is atroblem in the Personalized Automotive
Security System (PASS Key I1 ). PASS Key I1 TM will prevent the vehicle
from restarting if it is turned off,so you should take the vehicle to a
proper service center before turning the engine off. Never leave an
unattended vehicle with the engine running. Once
you are whereyou can
get service, turnthe engineoff and thentry to restartit. If the vehicle
does not restart, thePASS Key I1 TM system will need servicing.
TRACTION ACTIVE
If your vehicleis equipped with Traction Control, thismessage will be
displayed if Traction Controlis being usedto reduce wheel slippage.
TRACTION DISABLED
If your vehicleis equipped with Traction Control, thismessage will be
displayed if a problem is noted in the Traction ControlSystem. Have your
vehicle serviced as soon as
possible.
TRANS FLUID RESET (Northstar Only)
With the engine not running and the ignitionON, press and hold the
OFF and REAR DEFOG buttons until the TRANS FLUID
RESET
message appears in the Information Center (between5 and 20 seconds).
TRANS OVERHEATED (Northstar Only)
This message indicatesthat your transaxleis running too hot.You should
stop and turn your engine
off as soon aspossible. Let the engine and
transaxle cooland have the problem corrected. Severe transaxle damage
can result from an overheated transaxle
138
TURN SIGNAL ON
This message is a reminder, after driving about a mile that you have your
turn signal on.
TRUNK OPEN
This message indicates that your trunk is opcn when the Ignition is ON.
VERY LOW REFRIGERANT
This message means that the Air Conditioning
system detects a
refrigerant level that is low enough to cause damage to the A/C
compressor. To avoid damage, theA/C compressor automatically turns
off and the Electronic Climate Control
will automatically switch from
“AUTO” to “ECON” andremain there. Have your A/C system serviced if
this message appears.
Speed Sensitive Steering(SSS)
This system varies the amount of steering effort proportionate toyour
vehicle speed. Steeringis easier ata lower speed for increased
maneuverability and parking ease.As your vehicle speed increases, the
steering effortis also increased proportionately.At highway speeds the
amount of steering effortis greatly increased to provide a manual like
steering feel formaximum control an enhanced vehicle stability.
Road Sensing Suspension (Northstar Only)
The RoadSensing Suspension automatically controlsthe ride of your
vehicle. The system controls damping forcesin the shock absorbers and
struts in response to various road and driving conditions. The system is
capable of making these changeswithin milli-seconds.
The Road Sensing Suspension controller is a computer used to control
and monitor thesystem. The computerreceives inputs fromvertical
acceleration sensors,wheel to body position sensors,vehicle speed
sensor, lift and dive signals, and determines optimum strut
valving or
(suspension stiffness) for your current operating conditions.
The
computer also receives feedback from the various components to
determine propersystem operation. If the computerreceives an incorrect
feedback from thesystem, an error codewill be set in memory and a
“SERVICE RIDE CONTROC’ message will display on the Driver
139
Information Center. If this message should appear, have your vehicle
serviced at your Cadillac dealer atyour earliest convenience.
Oil Life Indicator
Your Cadillac has a Driver Information Cente.r with an Oil Change
Indicator feature. Thistclls you when you need to change your engine oil.
It’s based upon the engine oil temperatures and your driving patterns.
ITo see the display,
press the Information
button several times
until “ OTL LIFE
INDEX” appears.
. ...
You’ll see how much oil life you have left, as a percentage. So, if you see
“95 OIL LIFEINDEX,” for example, that means that the way you’re
driving your car, 95% of your current oil life is still left.
The “OIL LIFE INDEX”may say to change the oil sooner than your
maintenance schedule. Thiscan happen if driving conditions, such as
short trips in cold weather, cause shorteroil life. Always keep a written
record of the mileage and datewhen you last changed your oil. For more
information on when to changeyour oil, see the “Maintenance
Schedule.”
If you see “CHANGE OIL SOON,” it means that you have less than 10%.
of your oil life left, and you should consider changing your engine oil.
If you see “CHANGE ENGINE OIL,” it means the oil life is gone and
you should change the oil right away (certainly within 200 more miles
[320 km]).
140
The system probably will say to change theoil between 3000 miles (5000
km) and 7500 miles (12500 km), but it may even say to change it before
3000 under very severe conditions. It all depends on your driving
patterns. If it’s been 7500 miles (12500 km) it will say to changeoil.
There are two things the system doesn’t do:
It can’t sense heavy dust in the places whcre you drive. If you drive in
a dusty area, you should change youroil every 3000 miles (5000 krn)
or 3 months (whichever comes first), unless thc display says to change
it even sooner than that.
0
It doesn’t check how much oil you have, so you’ll still have to check
for that.To see how, see Index under “EngineOil.”
Also, for thesystem to work right, it is important that you use SG oil, as
discussed earlier.
When You’ve Changed the Oil
When new oil is put in, you‘ll need to reset your system. To do it, display
the “OIL LIFE INDEX” by pressing the “Information” button. Then
press and hold the “STORE/RECALL? buttons until the display shows
100.
6‘
77
Speed Sensitive Suspension
The SpeedSensitive Suspension automatically controlsthe firmness of
your Cadillads ride. An actuator in each of the four struts will change
ride firmness dependingon vehicle speed and otherdriving conditions.
As the vehicle speed increases, the firmness of the suspension changesto
one or three damping modes “Comfort”,
for speeds !ess than 40 mph,
“Normal” for speedsbetween 40 and 60 rnph, and “Firm” for speeds
greater than 60 mph. The system also stiffens damping during hard
acceleration, braking and cornering ,for increased control,
A computer is used to control and monitor thesystem. The computer
receives speed, acceleration and determines optimum mode strut
valving
(or suspension stiffness) for your current operatingconditions. The
computer also receives feedback from the struts to determine proper
system operation. If the computer receives an incorrect feedback from
the system, an error codewill be set in memory and a message
“SERVICE RIDE CONTROL? will be displayed until the problem is
141
corrected. If this message should appear,have your vehicle serviced at
your Cadillac dealerat your earliest convenience.
Electronic Level Control
This keeps your carlevel.
The ignition has to be“ON” for the level control towork. When you turn
the ignition off, you may hear the level control exhausting. The system
consists of an electronicheight sensor, a small electric air compressor,
and air adjustableshock absorbers mountedon the rear of the vehicle.
If the system has a slight leak, the air compressorwill run frequently for a
few seconds each time.
will stay on for approximately7
For a massive air leak, the air compressor
minutes. You should seeyour dealer for service, but you can keep driving
your Cadillac, though.
142
COMFORT CONTROLS AND AUDIO SYSTEMS
In this section you’ll find out how to operate thecomfort control systems
and audiosystems offered with your Cadillac. Besure to read about the
particular system supplied with your vehicle.
YOUR CADILLAC AIR SYSTEM
Outside Air
The outside airalways tlows through your Vehicle when it is moving. It
enters your vehicle through aninlet at thebase o f the windshield. Keep
this area clear a debris.Even if the vehicle is not moving, you can always
get outside air. If you are traveling in the 603F ( 1b3C ) AUTO setting, a
door will close to stop the flow of outside air, recirculating only the
interior airto cool your vehicle.
Air Outlets
The air outletsare
located in the center
and each sideof the
instrument panel. You
can adjust the
direction of air flow by
moving the control
levers or even turn off
1 the airflow by rotating
the lever located on
each side of the
outlets.
143
Electronic Climate Control (ECC)
Your vehicle has strategicaly placed clectronic sensors, thatfeed
information to thevehicle’s computer systems. Your vehiclecan control
the ventilation, heating, and air conditioningautomatically year round.
The outside temperature,inside temperature setting, fan speeds, and the
ECC selection are displayed on a digital screen.
OFF: Nothing is on, but airwill flow through your vehicle if you’re
moving. The system will try to keep theair at the selected temperature,
but it might not be able to maintain it if it’s hot, or cold, outside.
“OUTSIDE’’ Temperature: The outside temperature is always displayed
when your vehicle is running. You can change it from Celsius to
Fahrenheit by pushing the ENG/MET(English/Metric) button.
144
Temperature
To select the
temperature you want,
push the blue button
for a cooler setting and
the red button for a
warmer setting. The
temperature setting
will be displayed on
the digital screen.
I
You can select temperatures from 65 F ( 18" C) to 85 F (69 " C). And, at
each end, you may choose 60°F (16" C), for maximum cooling, and 903F
(33"C),for maximum heating.We recommend when first getting familiar
with your vehicle, select 75°F (24°C). You may find that your own
personal comfort requires a slightly higher or lower setting. Once y o u set
the temperature, thesystem will automatically maintain the set
temperature.
ECON
With this setting it's a l l automatic, but the air conditioningcorupressor
does not operate andit won't remove humidity from the alr. However,
the system will try t o keep the air atthe selected temperature. Use this
setting in cold or cool weather tosave fuel.
If it's warm outside and you need to cool the air, use the next choice.
AUTO
With this setting, the air conditioning compressor runs and it's all
automatic. In cold weather when the system senses the need for heat, the
air flow will be directed outt h e floor ducts. As the interior temperature
approaches the desired setting,the blower speed will decrease and the air
flow could be directed through the defroster andfloor ducts.To maintain
interior comfort, the airflow may move t o the air outlets andfloor ducts
145
(Bi-level). On bright sunny days in cold weather, the airflow could even
come out the A/C outlets to maintain comfort.
Electronic Climate Control Features
A/C Purge
If your vehicle is sitting out on a hot day and you have it set on AUTO,
the air will first flow out the floor air ducts fora few seconds. That is
normal. This is to expel hot air in the air ducts. As the air is cooled, the
flow will move through the A/C outlets.
Cold Weather Purge
On cold days when your system is first turned on, atany setting other
than Defroster, DEFOG or OFF a small amount of air will flow through
the defroster ductpreventing your windshield from fogging.
Automatic Defog
When using your wipers or rearwindow defogger for several minutes, the
system senses that a humid condition exists. When this happens airflow
will be directed to the windshield and floor ducts to keepyour side glass
and windshield clear.
Manually Recirculate Inside Air
There may be times, when you don't want air from the outside. To
recirculate the air from the inside only, just set the temperature to 60°F
(16OC) and adjust your fan speed.
DEFOG
Push this buttonto divide the air between the Windshield and the heater
ducts. Thisis useful when fog appears on thewindshield or side glass due
to a sudden rain.
146
Fan Speeds
rn
Push the (symbol)
button until “AUTO” is
displayed on the
screen. Atthis setting,
the fan speedis
controllcd
automatically. If it is
cold outside, the
blower may not run in
the maximum high fan
speed. That is normal.
If you want the blower fan to run only at a fixed highspeed, push the
(upper) button until you see “HI” on the display.
If you want the fan speed to be automatic,
but you like the fan speed to
be higher than the AUTOsetting, just push the buttons until “HI/AUTO”
is shown on the display.
If you want the blower to run only at a fixed lowspeed, push the(low)
button until “LO” is shown on thedisplay.
If you want thefan speed to runlower than the “AUTO” setting,push the
button until “AUTO LO” is shown on the display.
DEFROSTER
Push this button to
remove fog or ice from
the windshield.
rn
The fan speedwill work automatically or you can choose anotherfan
speed if you want.
It will help a lot if you first clear any ice and snow from the hood and the
air inlet (it’s between the hood and the windshield).
147
REAR DEFOGGER
Push this button to turn
on the reardefogger.
With it, your rear
window and both
outside rearview
mirrors are heated.
The system will
automatically shut off
after 10 minutes. If
further defrosting is
desired, simply push
the button again.
“‘OTICE:
Scraping theinside of your rear window could cut
and damage
the heating grids. Your warranty would not coverthis damage.
Anddon’tput decals there; you might ha1ocrap
hem off.
L
Electronic Solar Sensor
The Electronic Solar Sensor is part of the Electronic Climate Control
System.
148
Rear SeatAir Outlet
Move the switch to
adjust the blower
speed from “LO” to
Move the “VENT”
lever to direct air flow
from either the upper
or floor outlets.
Heated Windshield (Option)
Front De-Ice
Here’s how to use your heated windshield in cold weather to removeice
or frost quickly:
1. If any snow is piled up on the windshield, brush it away.
149
!. Start your Cadillac and leave it in P (“Park”).
fl
3. Push the switch. A light will come on totell you it is working.
4. Try not touse other electrical equipment while the system is working.
The system willgo off after a four minute heatingcycle. If you shift out of
“P” (Park), thesystem will only cyclefor two minutes. If you want it to
cycle again, pushthe switch. It will go on fortwo minute cycles after that.
If it has cleared yourwindshield before thecycle is over, you can turnit
off by just pushing the switch again.
Use the defroster clear
to the windshield. In warm weather the heated
windshield system helps keep thevehicle’s interior cool by blocking much
of the sun’s heat producing radiation.The system’s solar control
properties also help reduce interiorfading.
There is a metal film in the windshield which will block out some radio or
microwave signals. Therefore, the heatedwindshield will reduce the
useful range of devices such as garagedoor openers and radar
detectors.
(In certain states radar detectors are
legal.)
SOUND SYSTEMS
Your Delco’ sound system has beendesigned to operateeasily and give
years of listening pleasure. But you will get the most enjoyment out of it if
you acquaint yourself with itfirst. Findout what your Delco’ system can
do andhow to operateall its controls, to be sureyou’re getting the most
out of the advanced engineering that went intoit.
150
FM Stereo
FM stereowill give you the best sound. But FMsignals will reach only
about 10 to 40 miles (16 to 65 km). And, tall buildings or hills can
interfere with FM signals, causing the sound tocome and go.
AM
The range formost AM stations is greater than forFM, especially at
night. The longer range, however, can cause stations to interfere
with
each other. AMcan pick up noise from things like storms andpower
lines. Try reducing the treble to reduce
this noise if you ever get it.
This means your radio
can produce quality AM sound comparableto FM
stereo. AMAX’ reduces noise without reducing the
high frequencies you
need for thebest sound.In addition toimproved sound quality, AMAX‘
includes more station on the AM band.
You don’t have to do anything in
your radio becauseAMAX‘ is automatic.
AM Stereo
This means theDelco’ system can receive C-QUAM’ stereo broadcasts.
Many AM stations around the country use
C-QUAM’ to produce stereo,
though some do not. (C-QUAM@
is a registered trademark of Motorola,
Inc.) If your Delco’ system can get C-QUAM@,your “ST” stereo light
will come onwhen you’re receiving it.
151
A CAUTION:
Hearing damage from
loud noise is almost undetectable
until it
is too late.Your hearing can adapt to higher
volumes of sound.
Soundthat seemsnormalcan be loud andharmfultoyour
hearing. Take precautions by adjusting thevolume control on
your radio to asafe soundlevel before your hearing adaptsto it.
To help avoid hearing lossor damage:
0
Adjust the volume control to thelowest setting.
0
Increase volume slowly until you hear comfortably and
clearly.
152
I
I
I
H o w To Operate Your Sound System
Your Cadillac will have one of these Delco Radio Systems.
I
i
153
1
1
Please read thefollowing to operate the radio portion
of your Delco
radio system.
The Upper Knob
The upper knob does these five things:
It turns the radio on and off.
0
It controls the volume.
0
It lets you see what station you have. (When the radiois on, push the
knob to display the station).
It tells you the time. (When the ignition is off, push the upper knob to
display the time.)
Push the knob to change directionof tape play.
0
0
Behind the upper knob is a balance control.It moves the sound between
the left and right speakers. If you have the Delco Bose System you do not
have this balance control.
The Lower Knob
Turn the lower knob to choose radio stations.Push the knob to switch
from AM or FM.
154
If you have the Delco Bose Gold SeriesMusic System, it lets you switch
from CD (Compact Disc) to TP (Tape player).
The control behind thelower knob moves the soundbetween your front
and rear speakers.
When you push this button either up ordown, the SCAN indicator in the
display will light and the radiowill find the next station and stay there
about 5 seconds. Then it will go to thenext station and pause, and keep
doing that until you push either the SCAN or upper
knob.
SEEK
This button selects stations, but doesn’t
it
keep moving as SCANdoes.
When you push SEEK up or down, the radiowill automatically go to the
next strongest station and stay there.
Export Radio Only
The SCAN and SEEKfunction selects station only in one direction.
Push Buttons
You can set thepush buttons to get up to
ten favorite. stations (Five on
AM andfive more on FM). Just:
Choose either AM or FM
Tune in the station.
Push the SET button.
Within 5 seconds, push one of the five push buttons.
Repeat these steps for eachof the five push buttons.
BASS
The slide control increases or decreases thebass response tone. Moving
the control to the
right increases bass while moving it to theleft decreases
it.
155
TREBLE
The slide control increases or decreases the trebleresponse tone. Moving
the control to theright increases the treblewhile moving it to the left
decreases it.
Your Cassette Tape Player
Your cassette tape player works best with tapes that are30 to 45 minutes
long on eachside. Tapes longer than that are so thin that they may not
work well in this player.
If you look at the tape, or on
its label or box, it should say whether its
bias, ("equalization" is 70 microseconds (70 U ) or 120 microseconds (120
U ). Chrome and metal tapes are 70 u scc and standard iron tapes are 120
U sec. Your tape player will adjust automatically for either type of
cassette tape.
To Play A Cassette Tape
0
Turn the radio on.
0
Insert the cassette through the tapc door. (The"TAPE" indicator in
the display will light.)
If you hear nothing or hear just a garbled sound, the cassettemay not be
in squarely. Push the EJCT button to remove the tape and start over. The
tape equalization is automatically sensed and set. Inserting the cassette
also automatically disables DNR""'" and activates DOLBY"' noise
reduction.
DNR" is the Dynamic Noise Reduction. It helps remove background hiss
noise from the radio.
@
Once the tapeis playing, use the upper andlower knobs to adjust the
volume and balance,just as you do for the radio. Push the upper knob
to change tape direction. The arrow in the display show which
direction the tapeis being played.
'"DNR" is a registered trademark of National Semiconductor
Corporation.
156
FWD (Forward)
Push the FWD button to move forward rapidly to another part of the
tape. The radio will play during fast forward.To stop the tape push the
same button and the tape
will start toplay again.
REV (Reverse)
Push the REV buttonto move the tape rapidly backward. To stop the
tape, push the same buttonlightly or any of the other buttons. The radio
will play during this reve.rse function.
To go from one side of the tape to the other,
push in the upper knob on
your radio. To remove the tape, push EJCT. The tape can be ejected when
the ignition is turned off.
NEXT
Push the NEXT button up to jumpquickly to the next selection. If the
selection is at the endof the tape, the tapcwill reverse directions and
begin playing at a normal speed.
PREV
Push the PREV button up toquickly go to thebeginning of the last
selcction.
If the player has played less than 10 seconds into the currentselection:
depressing the PREV buttonwill cause theplayer to find the beginning of
the previous selection and resumeplay from that point.If the player is
more than 10 seconds into the current selection, pressing PREV button
will cause the player to find the beginning of the currentselection and
resume play from that point. If PREV is issued while the first selection on
the tape is being played, the player will return to thebeginning of that
side of the tape.
S TIPL (Stop-Play)
Press ST/PL to switch back to the radio without ejecting the tape.
Press it
a second time to startplaying it again.
157
EJCT (Eject Tape)
Press this button to remove the tape.
The Delco Bose Gold Series Music System
This optional soundsystem combines an AM/FM stereo radiowith a
cassette tapeplayer and a compact disc player in a single unit.
To operate the radio and
cassette tape player portion of this music
system, please read the beginning of this section. “HowTo Operate Your
Sound System” and “Your Cassette Tape Player.”
To Play the Disc Player
Before you begin, please note: don’t use the mini-discs that arecalled
“singles” (even with an adapter). They won’t eject. Use full-size compact
discs only.
Turn the radio on.
Insert a disc (label side up) partway into the slot. The player will pull
it in. Wait a few seconds and the disc will play. Then only the time of
day and “CD”will display.
If the disc comes back out, check to see if:
The disc is upside down.
The disc is dirty, scratched, or wet.
There’s too much moisture in the air. (If there is, wait about one hour
and try again).
“Err” (Error Detection)
If this message is displayed, you have a condition of either extreme
temperature, moisture, or an incorrect disc. The disc will automatically be
ejected. When conditions areback to normal, the disc should play again.
RCLIPROG (RecalllProgram)
0
Press once to see what track is being played.
158
Within 5 seconds pressit a second time to see how long the disc has
been playing.
Press it a third time to see the time of day.
Rev (Reverse)
Push and hold REV to return rapidly withina track. Releaseit to play the
passage. The elapsed time will be displayed to show the reverse progress
of the CD.
FWD (Fast Forward)
Press and hold FWD to advance quickly within a track. Releaseit to
resume playing. Elapsed timewill be displayed to show the forward
progress of the CD.
Prev (Previous)
Push thisbutton togo back to the beginning of the track or push it again
to a favorite track.
Next
Push thisbutton to advance to the
next track.
STIPL (StopjPlay)
Press this buttonand thedisc or tapewill stop without ejectingit and the
radio will start toplay. Press it again and the discor tapewill start toplay
again.
EJCT (Eject)
Press this button toeject the disc or tape. If you have both a CD and a
tape in theplayer, then theother playback media will start toplay. Press
it again and the other media
will eject.
159
Comp (Compression)
Pressing COMP makes soft and loudpassages more nearly equal in
volume. For example, playing classical or jazz music with very quiet and
very loud passagesin the same tune. The COMPdisplay will light as long
as COMP is on.
Setting The Clock
Turn the ignition on. Then:
To Set the Hour:
0 Press SET, and within 5 seconds,
0
Press and hold SEEK. When the clock gets to the correct hour, letgo.
To Set theMinutes:
Press SET, and within 5 seconds,
Press and hold SCAN. Whenthe clock gets tothe correct minute, let
go*
Your clock is set.
Care of Your Cassette Tape Player
A tape player that is not cleanedregularly can cause reduced sound
quality, ruined cassettes, or a damagedmechanism. Cassette tapes should
be stored in their cases away from contaminants, directsunlight, and
extreme heat.If they aren’t, they may not operateproperly or cause
failure of the tapeplayer.
Your tape player should be cleanedregularly each month or afterevery
15 hours of use. If you notice a reductionin sound quality, try a known
if the tape or the tape
player is at fault.If this other
good cassette to see
cassette hasno improvement in sound quality, clean the tapeplayer.
Clean yourtape player with a wiping-action, non-abrasive cleaning
cassette, andfollow the directions providedwith it.
Cassettes aresubject to wear and the soundquality may degrade over
time. Always make sure that the cassette tape
is in good condition before
you have yourtape player serviced.
160
Care of Your Compact Discs
Handle discs carefully. Store themin their original cases or other
If the surfaceof
protective cases and away from direct sunlight and dust.
a discis soiled, dampen aclean, soft clothin a mild, neutral detergent
solution and clean it,
wiping from the center to the edge.
.
L
Be sure never to touch thesignal surface when handling
discs. Pick up
discs by grasping the outer edges or the edgeof the hole and the outer
edge.
Power Antenna Mast Care
Your power antenna will look its best and work well if it's cleaned from
time to time.
To Clean the Antenna Mast:
1. Turn on the ignition and radio toraise the antenna to full mast
extension.
2. Dampen a clean cloth with mineral spirits or equivalent solvent.
3. Wipe cloth over the mast sections, removing
any dirt.
4. Wipe dry with clean cloth before retracting.
5. Make the antennago up and down by turning the radio or ignition on
and off.
6. Then repeat if necessary.
161
162
Yc
o
i
YOUR DRIVING AND THE ROAD
Ir
i
Here you’ll find information aboutdriving on differentkinds of roads and
in varying weather conditions. We’ve also includedmany other useful tips
on driving.
ROAD SIGNS
The roadsigns you see everywhereare codedby color, shape and
symbols. It’s a good ideato know these codesso that you can quickly
grasp thebasic meaning or intentof the sign even beforeyou have a
chance to readit.
163
Color of Road Signs
A
A
WRONG
WAY
STOP1
L
A
A
Y
I
RED means STOP. It may also indicate that some movement
is not
allowed. Examplesare DO NOT ENTER and WRONGWAY.
.
RAILROAD
ADVANCE
CROSSING
NO PASSING
ZONE
NARROW
BRIDGE
YELLOW indicates a general warning.
Slow down and be carefulwhen
you see a yellow sign. It may signal a railroadcrossing ahead, a no passing
164
zone, or some otherpotentially dangerous situation.Likewise, a yellow
Cross.”
solid line painted on the road means “Don’t
WORKERS
AHEAD
LOW
SHOULDER
FLAGGER
AHEAD
ORANGE indicates road construction or maintenance.
You’ll want to
slow down when you see an orangesign, as part of the road may be closed
off or torn up. And there
may be workers and maintenancevehicles
around, too.
WES
SMAl
1 MILE
GREEN is used to guide the driver. Green signs may indicate upcoming
freeway exits or show the directionyou should turn toreach a particular
place.
165
I=!!
A
HOSPITAL
INFORMATION
BLUE signs with white letters show r -
.
.
'
s' services.
/
d
CANOEING
SWIMMING
BROWN signs point out recreation areasor points of historic or cultural
interest.
Shape of Road Signs
The shape of the sign will tell you something, too.
166
An OCTAGONAL (eight-sided)sign means STOP. It is always red with
white letters.
A DIAMOND-shaped sign isa warning of something ahead-for
example, a curve,steep hill, soft shoulder,or a narrow bridge.
A TRIANGLE, pointed downward, indicatesYIELD. Itassigns the
right-of-way to traffic on certain approaches to an intersection.
167
A TRIANGULAR sign also is usedon two-lane roadsto indicate aNO
PASSING ZONE. This sign will be on the left side of the roadway.
A
ONLY
KEEP
RIGHT
LEFT OR
THROUGH
RIGHT TURN
ONLY
RECTANGULAR (square or oblong) signs show speed limits, parking
regulations, give directions, and such information
as distances to cities.
168
I
Symbols on Road Signs
There aremany international road signs in use today.
The basic messageof many of these signs is in pictures or graphic
symbols. A picture within a circle
with a diagonal line acrossit shows
what not to do.
I
r
169
TRAFFIC LIGHTS
€3
I
7
I
We're all familiar with traffic lights or stoplights. Often green arrows are
being usedin the lights for improved traffic control. On some multilane
roads, green arrowslight up, indicating that traffic in one or more lanes
can move or make a turn. Green
arrows don't mean"go no matterwhat."
You'll still need to proceed
with caution, yielding the right of way to
pedestrians and sometimes to other
vehicles.
Some trafficlights also use red arrowsto signify that you must stop before
turning on red.
1
REVERSIBLE
LANE ON
MULTILANE
ROADWAY
€3
0
f3
n
Many city roads and expressways, and even bridges, use reversible-lane
traffic control duringrush hours. A red X light above a lane means no
driving in that lane at that
time. A green arrow meansyou may drive in
that lane. Look for thesigns posted to warndrivers what hours anddays
these systems are in effect.
PAWMENT M m N G S
I
NU
PASSING
ZONE
Pavement markings add totraffic signs and signals. They give information
to drivers without taking attention from the
roadway. A solid yellow line
on your side of the road or lane means
“don’t cross.’’
YOUR O W SIGNALS
Drivers signal to others,too. It’s not only more polite, it’s safer to let
other drivers know what you are doing. And in some placesthe law
requires driversignals.
Turn and lane changesignals. Always signal when you plan to turn or
change lanes.
If necessary, you can usehand signals out thewindow: Left armstraight
out fora left turn, down for slow or about-to-stop, and up fora right turn.
Slowing down. If time allows, tap the brake pedal once twice
or in
advance of slowing or stopping. This warnsthe driver behind you.
Disabled. Your four-way flashers signal that your vehicle is disabled or is
a hazard. See “Hazard Warning Flasher” in the Index.
171
TRAFFIC OFFICER
The traffic police officeris also a sourceof important information. The
officer’s signals govern, nomatter what the traffic lightsor other signs
say.
The next sectiondiscusses some of the road conditionsyou may
encounter.
DEFENSIVE D M N G
The bestadvice anyone cangive about driving is: Drive defensively.
Please start with a very important safetydevice in your Cadillac: Buckle
up. (See “Safety Belts”
in the Index.)
Defensive driving really means “be ready for anything.” On
city streets,
rural roads, orfreeways, it means “always expect the unexpected.”
Assume that pedestrians or other drivers are
going to be carelessand
make mistakes. Anticipatewhat they might do.Be ready for their
mistakes.
Expect children to dash out from behind parked cars, followed
often
by
other children. Expect occupantsin parked cars to open doors
into traffic.
Watch for movement in parked cars-- someone may be about to open
a
door.
Expect other drivers to run stopsigns when you are on a through street.
Be readyto brakeif necessary asyou go through intersections.You may
not have to use the brake, butif you do, you will be ready.
If you’re driving through a shopping center parking lot where there are
well-marked lanes, directional arrows, and designated parking areas,
expect some drivers to ignore all these markings and dash straight toward
one partof the lot.
Pedestrians can be careless.
Watch for them.In general, you must give
way to pedestrians evenif you know you have the right of way.
Rear-end collisionsare about themost preventableof accidents. Yet they
are common. Allow enough following distance. It’s the best defensive
driving maneuver, in both city and rural driving. You never know wh.en
suddenly.
the vehicle in front of you is going to brake or turn
172
-
Here’s a final bit
of information aboutdefensive driving. The most
dangerous time fordriving in the U.S. is very early on Sunday morning. In
fact, GM Research studies show that the most and the least dangerous
times for driving, every week, fallon the sameday. That day is Sunday.
7 The most dangerous timeis Sunday from3 a.m. to 4 a.m. The safest time
is Sunday from 10a.m. to 11a.m. Driving the same distance on
a Sunday
at 3 a.m. isn’t just a little more dangerous thanisitat 10 a.m. It’s about
7
134times more dangerous!
That leads to thenext section.
I
r- DRUNKEnT D M N G
!
7.
-
Death andinjury associated with drinking and
driving is a national
tragedy. It’s the number one contributor to highway
the
death toll,
claiming thousands of victims every year. Alcohol takesaway three things
that anyone needs to
drive a vehicle:
0
Judgment
MuscularCoordination
Vision
-ir
7
r
c
Police records show that half of all motor vehicle-related deathsinvolve
alcohol - a driver, a passenger
or someoneelse, such as a pedestrian,
had beendrinking. In mostcases, these deaths are the result
of someone
who was drinking anddriving. Over 25,000 motor vehicle-related deaths
occur each year because
of alcohol, and thousandsof people are injured.
Just how much alcoholis too much if a person plans to drive?
Ideally, no
one should drink alcohol and then
drive. But if one does, thenwhat’s “too
much”? It can be a less
lot than many might think. Although it d,epends
on each person and situation, here
is some general information on the
problem.
The Blood AlcoholContent (BAC) of someone who is drinking depends
upon fourthings:
How much alcohol is in the drink.
0 The drinker’s body weight.
r
I
.
0
The amount of food that is consumed before and duringdrinking.
The lengthof time it has taken the drinker to consume the
alcohol.
r
173
According to the AmericanMedical Association, a 180-pound (82
kg)
person who drinks three 12-ounce
(355 ml) bottles of beer in an hourwill
end upwith a BAC of about 0.06 percent. The personwould reach the
same BAC by drinking three 4-ounce (120 ml) glasses of wine or three
mixed drinks if each had 1-1/2 ounces (45 ml) of a liquor like whiskey, gin
or vodka.
if the same person
It’s the amountof alcohol that counts. For example,
(3 ounces or90 ml of liquor each) withinan
drank three double martinis
hour, theperson’s BAC would be closeto 0.12 percent. A person who
consumes food just beforeor duringdrinking will have a slightly lower
BAC level.
174
DRINKING THAT WILL
RESULT IN A BAC OF .O5%
IN THE TIME SHOWN
IOURS
‘
OF DR!NKS
(as In picture)
4
I 2 HOURS
IOUR
”+
2r
1
100
120
140
160
180 240
220
200
BODY WEIGHT IN POUNDS
The law in most U.S. states sets the legal
limit at aBAC of 0.10 percent.
In Canada the limit is 0.08 percent, and in some other countriesit’s lower
than that. TheBAC will be over 0.10 percent after three tosix drinks (in
one hour). Of course, aswe’ve seen, it depends on how much alcohol is in
the drinks, andhow quickly the person drinks them.
But it’s very important to keepin mind that the ability to drive is affected
well below a BAC of 0.10 percent. Research shows that the driving skills
of many people are impaired at a BAC approaching
0.05 percent, and
that the effects are worse at night. All drivers are impaired atlevels
BAC
above 0.05 percent. Statistics show that the chance of being in an accident
increases sharplyfor drivers who have BAC
a
of 0.05 percent orabove. A
driver with a BAC level of 0.06 percent (three beersin one hour for a
180-pound or 82kg person) has doubledhis or her chanceof having an
accident. At a BAClevel of 0.10 percent, the chanceof that driver having
an accident is six times greater; at alevel of 0.15 percent, the chances are
twenty-five times greater! And, thebody takes about an hour torid itself
of the alcohol in one drink. No amountof coffee or numberof cold
showers will speed that up.
“I’ll be careful” isn’t the right answer.What if there’s an emergency, a
need to take sudden action,as when a child darts into the street? A
175
person with a higher BAC might not be able to react
quickly enough to
avoid the collision.
There’s something else about drinking and
driving that many people
don’t know. Medical researchshows that alcohol in a person’s system can
make crash injuries worse. That’s
especially true forbrain, spinal cord
and heart injuries. That means that
if anyone who has been drinking-driver or passenger -- is in a crash,the chanceof being killed or
permanently disabledis higher than if that person had not been drinking.
And we’ve already seen that the chanceof a crash itself is higher for
drinking drivers.
I
A CAUTION:
Drinking and then driving
is very dangerous. Your reflexes,
perceptions, and judgmentwill be affected by even a small
amount of alcohol. You could have a serious -- or even fatal -accident if you drive after drinking. Pleasedon’t drink and drive
or ride with a driverwho has been drinking. Ridehome in a cab;
or if you’re with a group, designatea driver who will not drink.
CONTROL OF A WHICLE
You have three systems that make yourvehicle go whereyou want it to
go. They are thebrakes, the steering andthe accelerator.All three
systems have to do theirwork at the places where the tires meet the road.
176
Sometimes, as when you're
driving on snow or ice, it's easy to ask more of
those control systems than the tires and road can provide. That means
you can lose controlof your vehicle.
BRAKING
Braking actioninvolves- p
and reaction time.
First, you have to decide topush on the brake pedal. That's perception
time. Then you have to bring upyour foot and doit. That's reaction time.
Average reaction timeis about 3/4 of a second. But that'sonly an
average. It might be less with one driver and as long astwo or three
seconds or morewith another. Age,physical condition, alertness,
coordination, and eyesightall play a part. So do alcohol, drugsand
frustration. But evenin 3/4 of a second, a vehiclemoving at 60 mph (100
km/h) travels 66 feet (20 m). That could be a lotof distance in an
emergency, so keeping enough space between your vehicle and others is
important.
vary greatly withthe surfaceof
And, of course, actual stopping distances
the road (whetherit's pavement or gravel); the condition
of the road
(wet, dry, icy); tire tread; and the condition
of your brakes.
Most driverstreat their brakes with care. Some, however, overwork the
braking system with poor driving habits.
Avoid needless heavy braking. Some people drivein spurts -- heavy
acceleration followed by heavy braking -- rather thankeeping pace
177
0
with traffic. This is a mistake. Your brakes may not have timeto cool
between hardstops. Your brakes will wear out much faster if you do a
lot of heavy braking.
Don’t “ride’’ the brakesby letting your left foot rest lightly on the
brake pedalwhile driving.
a
8
r
.
.
.....
I
A CAUTION:
“Riding” your brakes can cause them
to overheat to the point
that they won’t work well. You might notbe able to stop your
vehicle in timeto avoid an accident. If you “ride” your brakes,
they will get so hot they will require a lot of pedal force toslc
you down. Avoid “riding” the brakes.
178
If you keep pace with the traffic and allow realistic following distances,
you will eliminate a lot of unnecessary braking. That means better
braking and longer brake life.
If your engine ever stops while you’re driving, brake normally but
don’t pump your brakes. If you do, the pedalmay get harder topush
down. If your engine. stops, you will still have some power brake assist.
But you will use it when you brake. Once the power assist is used up, it
may take longer to stop and the brake pedal will be harder to push.
Anti-Lock Brakes (ABS)
Your Cadillac has an advanced electronic braking
system that will help
prevent skidding.
This light on the
instrument panelwill
go on when you start
your vehicle.
Once thevehicle speed reaches about 5 mph ( 8 km/h), you may hear a
momentary motor orc1,icking noise and you may even notice that your
brake pedal moves a little while this is going on. This is the ABS system
testing itself. If there’s a problem with the anti-lock brake system, the
anti-lock brake system warning light will stay on. See“Anti-lock Brake
System Warning Light” in the Index.
179
C
I
I
Here’s how anti-lock works. Let’s say the road is wet. You’re driving
safely. Suddenly an animal jumpsout in front of you.
You slam on thebrakes. Here’s what happenswith ABS.
A computer senses that wheels are slowing down.The computer
separately works the brakes at each front wheel and at the rear wheels.
The anti-lock system can changethe brake pressure faster than
any driver
could. The computeris programmed to make themost of available tire
and road conditions.
You can steer around the obstaclewhile braking hard.
As you brake, your computer keepsreceiving updates on wheel speed and
controls braking pressureaccordingly.
180
I
I
A CAUTION:
Anti-lock doesn’t change the timeyou need to get your footup to
the brakepedal. If you get tooclose to the vehicle in frontof
if that vehicle
you, you won’t have time to apply your brakes
suddenly slows or stops. Always leave enough room up aheadto
stop, even though you have anti-lock brakes.
To Use Anti-Lock:
Don’t pump thebrakes. Just holdthe brake pedaldown and let anti-lock
work for you. You may hear the anti-lock pump or motor operate. and
feel the brake pedal pulsate, but this
is normal.
Disc Brake Wear Indicators
Your Cadillac has four-wheel disc brakes.
Disc brake padshave built-in wear indicators that make a high-pitched
warning sound when the brake pads are
worn and new pads are needed.
The soundmay come and go or be heardall the timeyour vehicle is
moving (except whenyou are pushing on the brake pedalfirmly).
UJTION:
The brakewear warning sound means
that sooner or laterYL-,
brakes won’t work well. That could lead to anaccident. When
you hear the brakewear warning sound, have your
vehicle
serviced.
NOTICE:
181
Some driving conditions or climatesmay cause a brake squeal when the
brakes arefirst appliedor lightly applied. This does not mean something
is wrong with your brakes.
Brake linings should always be replaced as completeaxle sets.
Brake Pedal Travel
See your dealer if the brake pedal does not return to normal height,
or if
there is a rapid increasein pedal travel. Thiscould be a sign of brake
trouble.
Brake Adjustment
Every time you make a moderate brake stop, your
disc brakes adjust for
wear.
If you rarely make a moderateor heavier stop, then your brakes might
not adjust correctly.If you drive in that way, then -- very carefully -- make
a few moderate brake stops about
every 1000 miles (1600 km), so your
brakes will adjust properly.
Braking in Emergencies
Use your anti-lock brakingsystem when you need to.With anti-lock, you
can steer and brake at the same
time. In many emergencies, steering can
help you more than even the very best braking.
STEERING
Power Steering
If you lose power steeringassist because the engine stops or the
system
fails to function,you can steer butit will take much more effort.
182
Steering Tips
Driving on Curves
It’s important to take curves at a reasonable speed.
A lot of the “driver lost control” accidents mentionedon thenews
happen oncurves. Here’s why:
Experienced driver or beginner, each
of us is subject to the samelaws of
physics when drivingon curves. The tractionof the tires against the road
surface makesit possible forthe vehicle to change its pathwhen you turn
the frontwheels. If there’s no traction, inertia will keep the vehiclegoing
in the same direction.
If you’ve ever tried to steer avehicle on wet ice,
you’ll understand this.
The tractionyou can getin a curve dependson the conditionof your tires
the angle at which the curve is banked, and your
and the road surface,
speed. While you’rein a curve, speedis the one factoryou can control.
a sharp curve. Then you suddenly
Suppose you’re steering through
accelerate.
Those two control systems -- steering and acceleration-- can overwhelm
those places where the tires meet the road and make
you lose control.
What shouldyou do if this ever happens? Letup on the accelerator
pedal, steer thevehicle the way you want it to go, and slow down.
Speed limit signs near curves warn thatyou should adjust your speed.Of
course, the posted speeds are based on good weather and road
conditions. Underless favorable conditionsyou’ll want to go slower.
If you need to reduce your speed as
you approach a curve, do it before
you enter thecurve, while your front wheels are straight ahead.
Try to adjust your speedso you can “drive” through the curve. Maintain a
reasonable, steady speed.Wait to accelerateuntil you are outof the
curve, and then accelerate gently into the straightaway.
When you drive into a curveat night, it’s harder to see the road ahead
of
you because it bends away from thestraight beams of your lights. Thisis
one good reason to drive slower.
183
Steering in Emergencies
There aretimes when steering can be
more effective than braking. For
example, you come over ahill and find a truck stoppedin your lane, or a
car suddenlypulls out from nowhere, or achild darts out from between
parked cars and stops right
in front of you. You can avoid these problems
by braking -- if you can stop in time. But sometimes
you can’t; there isn’t
room. That’s the time for evasive action -- steering around the problem.
Your Cadillac can performvery well inemergencies like these. First apply
your brakes. It is better to remove as much speed as you can from a
to the left or right
possible collision. Then steer around the problem,
depending on the space available.
An emergency like this requires close attention and aquick decision. If
you are holding the steering wheelat the recommended9 and 3 o’clock
positions, you can turn it a full 180 degrees very quicklywithout removing
either hand. Butyou have to act fast, steerquickly, and just asquickly
straighten the wheel once
you have avoided the object.You must then be
prepared to steerback to your original lane and then brake
to a
controlled stop.
Depending onyour speed, this can be rather violent for an unprepared
driver. Thisis one of the reasons driving experts recommend thatyou use
your safety belts and keep both hands on the steering wheel.
The fact that such emergency situationsare always possible is a good
reason to practice defensive driving at all times.
184
OFF-ROAD RECOWRY
You may find sometime that your right wheels have dropped
off the edge
of a road onto the shoulder
while you’re driving.
If the level of the shoulderis only slightly below the pavement, recovery
should be fairly easy. Ease off the accelerator and then,if there is nothing
in theway, steer so that your vehicle straddlesthe edgeof the pavement.
You can turn the steering
wheel up to1/4 turn until the right front tire
contacts the pavementedge. Then turnyour steering wheel to go straight
down the roadway.
If the shoulder appears to be about four inches
(100 mm) or morebelow
the pavement, this difference can cause problems.
If there is not enough
room topull entirely onto the shoulder and
stop, then follow the same
procedures. Butif the right front tire scrubs
against the sideof the
pavement, doNOT steer moresharply. With too much steering angle, the
it
vehicle may jump back onto the roadwith so much steering input that
crosses over into the oncoming traffic beforeyou can bringit back under
control.
Instead, ease off again on the accelerator and steering input, straddle the
pavement once more, thentry again.
185
PASSING
The driver of a vehicle about topass another ona two-lane highway waits
for just theright moment, accelerates, moves around thevehicle ahead,
then goesback into theright lane again. A simple maneuver?
Not necessarily! Passing another vehicle on a two-lane highway is a
potentially dangerous move, since the passing vehicle occupies the same
lane asoncoming trafficfor several seconds. A miscalculation, an errorin
judgment, or a brief surrender to frustration or anger
can suddenlyput
the passing driver faceto face with the worst of all traffic accidents-- the
head-on collision.
So here are sometips for passing:
“Drive ahead.” Look down the road, to thesides, and to crossroads
for situations thatmight affect your passing patterns. If you have any
doubt whatsoever about making a successful pass, wait for a better
time.
Watch for traffic signs, pavement markings, and lines. If you can see a
sign up ahead thatmight indicate a turn or anintersection, delay your
pass. A broken center lineusually indicates it’s all right to pass
(providing the road aheadis clear). Never cross a solid line on your
side of the laneor a double solid line, evenif the road seemsempty of
approaching traffic.
If you suspect that the driver of the vehicle you want to pass isn’t
aware of your presence, tap the horna couple of times before passing.
Do not get tooclose to the vehicle you want to pass while you’re
awaiting an opportunity. For one thing, following too closely reduces
your area of vision, especially if you’re following alarger vehicle. Also,
you won’t have adequate spaceif the vehicle ahead suddenly slows or
stops. Keep back a reasonable distance.
When it looks like a chance to pass is coming up, start toaccelerate
but stay in the right lane and don’t get too close. Time your move so
you will be increasing speed as the time comes to
move into the other
lane. If the way is clear to pass, you will have a “running start” that
more thanmakes up for thedistance you would lose by dropping back.
And if something happensto cause you to cancel yourpass, you need
only slow down and dropback again and wait for another opportunity.
186
If other cars arelined up to pass a slow vehicle, wait your turn. But
take care that someone
isn’t trying to pass you as you pull out topass
the slow vehicle. Remember toglance over your shoulderand check
the blind spot.
a Check your mirrors, glance over your shoulder, and start your
left
lane changesignal before moving out of the right lane to pass. When
you are far enough ahead
of the passed vehicle to seeits front in your
inside mirror, activate yourright lane changesignal and move back
into theright lane. (Remember that your
right outside mirroris
convex. The vehicle you just passed may seem to be fartheraway from
you than it really is.)
0 Try not to pass more than onevehicle at a time on two-lane roads.
Reconsider before passing the next vehicle.
a Don’t overtakea slowly moving vehicle too rapidly. Even though the
brake lights are notflashing, it may be slowing down or starting to
turn.
0 If you’re being passed, makeit easy for thefollowing driver to get
ahead of you. Perhaps you can ease a little to theright.
0
LOSS OF CONTROL
Let’s review what driving experts say about what happenswhen the three
control systems (brakes, steering and acceleration) don’t
have enough
friction where the tires meet the road to what
do the driver has asked.
In any emergency, don’tgive up. Keep trying to steer andconstantly seek
of less danger.
an escape route or area
Skidding
In a skid, a driver can lose control of the vehicle. Defensive drivers avoid
most skids by taking reasonable care suited
to existing conditions, and by
not “overdriving” those conditions. But skids are always possible.
The threetypes of skids correspond toyour Cadillac’s three control
systems. In thebraking skid your wheels aren’t rolling. In the steering or
cornering skid, too much speedor steering in a curve causes tiresto slip
and lose cornering force.And in the accelerationskid too much throttle
causes the driving wheels to spin.
A cornering skid and an accelerationskid are best handledby easing your
foot off the accelerator pedal.
If your vehicle startsto slide (as whenyou turn a corner on a wet,
snowor ice-covered road), ease your foot
off the accelerator pedal as soon as
you feel the vehicle start toslide. Quickly steer theway you want the
vehicle to go. If you start steeringquickly enough, yourvehicle will
straighten out. Asit does, straighten the front wheels.
Of course, tractionis reduced when water,snow, ice, gravel, or other
material is on the road. For safety,
you’ll want to slow down and adjust
your driving to these conditions.It is important toslow down on slippery
surfaces because stopping distance
will be longer and vehicle control
more limited.
While driving on asurface with reduced traction, try your bestto avoid
sudden steering, acceleration,or braking (including engine braking
by
shifting to a lower gear). Any sudden changes could causethe tires to
slide. You may not realize the surfaceis slippery until yourvehicle is
skidding. Learn torecognize warning clues-- such as enough water, ice or
packed snow on the road tomake a “mirrored surface”-- and slow down
when you have any doubt.
Remember: Any anti-lock brakingsystem (ABS) helps avoid only the
braking skid. Steer theway you want to go.
DIWTNG AT NIGHT
188
Night driving is more dangerous thanday driving. One reason is that
some drivers are likely to be impaired-- by alcohol or drugs, with night
vision problems, orby fatigue.
Here are sometips on night driving.
0
Drive defensively. Remember, this is the most dangerous time.
0
Don’t drink and drive. (See“Drunken Driving” in the Index for more
on this problem.)
0
Adjust your inside rearview mirror to reduce
the glare from headlights
behind you.
0
Since you can’t see aswell, you mayneed to slow down and keep more
space between you and othervehicles. It’s hard totell how fast the
vehicle ahead is going justby looking at its taillights.
0
Slow down, especially on higher speed roads.Your headlights can light
up only so much road ahead.
0
In remote areas, watchfor animals.
0
If you’re tired, pulloff the road in a safe place and rest.
Night Vision
No one can see aswell at night as in the daytime. But aswe get older
these differences increase.A 50-year-old drivermay require atleast twice
as much lightto see the same
thing at night as a 20-year-old.
What you do in the daytime can also affect yournight vision. For
example, if you spend the day in bright sunshineyou are wise to wear
sunglasses. Your eyes will have less trouble adjusting to night.
But if you’re driving, don’t wear sunglasses at night. They
may cut down
things invisible that
on glare from headlights, but they also make of
a lot
should remain visible - such as parked cars, obstacles, pedestrians,
or
even trains blockingrailway crossings. You may want to put onyour
sunglasses afteryou have pulled into a brightly-lighted service
or
refreshment area. Eyes shielded from that glare
may adjust morequickly
to darknessback on the road.But be sure toremove your sunglasses
before you leave the service area.
You can be temporarily blinded
by approaching lights. It can take a
second ortwo, or even several seconds,for your eyes to readjust to the
189
dark. Whenyou are faced with severe glare (as from a driver
who doesn’t
lower the high beams, or a vehicle with misaimed headlights), slow down
a little.Avoid staring directly into the approachinglights. If there is a line
of opposing traffic, make occasional glances over the line of headlights to
make certain that oneof the vehicles isn’t starting to move into your lane.
Once you are past the bright lights, give your eyes time to readjust before
resuming speed.
High Beams
If the vehicle approaching you has its high beams on, signal by flicking
yours to high and then back to low beam. This is the usual signal to lower
the headlight beams. If the otherdriver still doesn’t lower the beams,
resist the temptation to putyour high beams on. Thisonly makes two
half-blinded drivers.
On a freeway, use your high beams only in remote areas where
you won’t
impair approachingdrivers. In some places, like cities, using high beams
is illegal.
When you follow another vehicle on a freeway or highway, use low
beams. True, most vehicles now have day-night mirrors that enable the
driver to reduce glare. But outside mirrorsare notof this type and high
beams frombehind canbother thedriver ahead.
A Few More Night Driving Suggestions
Keep your windshield and all the glass on your vehicle clean -- inside and
out. Glare atnight is made much worse by dirt on theglass. Even the
inside of the glass can build up a film caused by dust. Tobacco smoke also
makes insideglass surfaces very filmy and can be avision hazard if it’s left
there.
Dirty glass makes lights dazzle and flash more than cleanglass would,
making the pupils of your eyes contract repeatedly. You might even want
to keepa cloth andsome glass cleaner in your vehicle if you need to clean
your glass frequently.
Remember that your headlights light up farless of a roadway when you
are in a turn orcurve.
Keep your eyes moving; that way, it’s easier to pick out dimly lighted
objects.
190
Just as your headlights shouldbe checked regularly for proper aim, so
should youreyes be examined regularly. Some drivers sufferfrom night
blindness -- the inability to seein dim light -- and aren’t even awareof it.
DRn/lNG IN THE RAIN
Rain and wet roads can mean driving trouble. On a wet road you can’t
stop, accelerateor turn aswell because your tire-to-road tractionisn’t as
good as on dry roads. And, if your tires don’t have much tread left, you’ll
get even less traction.
It’s always wise to goslower and becautious if rain starts tofall while you
are driving. The surface may get wet suddenly when your reflexes are
tuned for driving on dry pavement.
The heavier the rain, the harder it is to see. Even if your windshield wiper
blades are in good shape, a heavy rain can makcit harder to see road
signs and traffic signals, pavement markings, the edgeof the road, and
even people walking. Road spray can often be worse for
vision than rain,
especially if it comes froma dirty road.
So it is wise to keepyour wiping equipment in good shape and keep
your
windshield washer tank filled. Replace yourwindshield wiper inserts
when they show signs of streaking or missing areas on thewindshield, or
when strips of rubber start to separate from the
inserts.
191
I
Driving too fast through large water puddles
or even going through some
car washes can cause problems, too.The water may affect your brakes.
Try to avoid puddles. But if you can’t, try to slow down before you hit
them.
A CAUTION:
Wet brakes cancause accidents. They won’t work well in a quick
stop and may cause pulling to one side. You could lose control of
the vehicle.
After driving through a large puddle of water ora car wash,
apyiX7
your brake pedal lightly until yol’p brakes work normally.
Hydroplaning
Hydroplaning is dangerous. So much water can build up underyour tires
that they can actually ride on the water. This can happenif the road is wet
enough andyou’re going fast enough. When yourvehicle is hydroplaning,
it has littleor no contactwith the road.
You might not be awareof hydroplaning. You could drive along for some
time without realizing your tires aren’t in constant contactwith the road.
192
You could find out the hardway: when you have to slow, turn, move out
to pass -- or if you get hit by a gust of wind. You could suddenlyfind
yourself out of control.
Hydroplaning doesn’t happen often. Butit can if your tires haven’t much
tread orif the pressurein one or moreis low. It can happen if a lot of
water is standing on the road.If you can see reflections from trees,
telephone poles, or othervehicles, and raindrops“dimple” the water’s
surface, there could be hydroplaning.
Hydroplaning usually happens athigher speeds.There just isn’t a hard
and fast rule about hydroplaning. The best advice is to slow down when it
is raining, and becareful.
Some Other Rainy Weather Tips
0
Turn on your headlights -- not just your parking
lights -- to help make
you more visible to others.
0
Look for hard-to-see vehicles coming from behind. You may want to
use your headlights evenin daytime if it’s raining hard.
0
Besides slowing down, allow some extra following distance. And be
especially careful whenyou pass another vehicle. Allow yourself more
clear room ahead, and be prepared have
to your view restricted by
road spray. If the roadspray is so heavy you are actually blinded, drop
back. Don’t pass until conditions improve. Goingmore slowly isbetter
than having an accident.
0
Use your defoggerif it helps.
0
Have good tires with proper tread depth.(See “Tires” in the Index.)
193
D M N G IN FOG, MIST AND HAZE
Fog can occur with high humidity or heavy frost. Itcan be so mild that
you can see through it for several hundredfeet (meters). Or it might be
so thick that you can seeonly a fewfeet (meters) ahead. Itmay come
suddenly to an otherwise clear road. Andit can be a major hazard.
When you drive into a fog patch, your visibility will be reduced quickly.
The biggest dangers are striking the vehicle ahead or being struck by the
one behind. Try to “read” thefog density down the road. If the vehicle
ahead starts tobecome less clear or, atnight, if the taillights are harder to
see, thefog is probably thickening. Slow down to give traffic behind you a
chance to slow down. Everybody then has a better chance to avoid hitting
the vehicle ahead.
A patch of dense fog may extend only for a few feet (meters) or for miles
(kilometers); you can’t really tell while you’re init. You can only treat the
situation with extreme care.
u n e common fog condition-- sometimes called mist or ground fog -- can
happen in weather that seems perfect, especially at night or in the early
morning in valley and low, marshy areas. You can be suddenly enveloped
in thick, wet haze that may even coat your windshield. You can often spot
these fog patches or mist layers with your headlights. But sometimes they
can be waiting for you as you come over a hill or dip intoa shallow valley.
194
Start yourwindshield wipers and washer, to help clear accumulated road
dirt. Slow down carefully.
Tips on Driving in Fog
If you get caught in fog, turn your headlights on low beam: (en In
daytime. You’ll see -- and be seen-- better. Use your fog lignts if your
vehicle has them.
Don’t use your high beams. The light will bounce off the water droplets
that make upfog and reflect back at you.
Use your defogger. In high humidity, even a light buildup of moisture on
the inside of the glass will cut down on your already limited visibility. Run
your windshield wipers and washer occasionally. Moisture canbuild up
on the outsideglass, and what seems tobe fog may actually be moisture
on the outsideof your windshield.
Treat dense fog as an emergency.Try to find a place to pull off the road,
Of course you want to respect another’s property, but
you might need to
put something betweenyou and moving vehicles -- space, trees, telephone
poles, a private driveway, anything that removes you from other traffic.
If visibility is near zero andyou must stop but are unsure whetheryou are.
away from the road, turnyour lights on, start your hazard warning
flashers, and sound your horn at
intervals or when you hear approaching
traffic.
Pass other vehicles in fog only if you can see far enough ahead to pass
safely. Even then, be preparcd todelay your pass if you suspect the fog is
worse up ahead.If other vehicles try to pass you, make it easy for them.
195
CITYDRWTNG
One of the biggest problems with city streets is the amountof traffic on
them. You’ll want to watch out for what the other
drivers are doing and
pay attention totraffic signals.
Here are ways to increase yoursafety in city driving:
Know the best way to get to whereyou are going. Try not to drive
around trying to pick out a familiar street orlandmark. Get a city map
and plan your trip into anunknown part of the city just asyou would
for a cross-country trip.
Try to use thefreeways that rim and crisscross most large cities. You’ll
save time andenergy. (See the next section, “Freeway Driving.”)
0
Treat a green light as a warning signal. A traffic light is there because
the corneris busy enough to need it. When a light turns green, and
just beforeyou start tomove, check both ways for vehicles that have
not cleared theintersection or may be running the red light.
196
Obey all posted speed limits. But remember that they are for ideal
road, weather andvisibility conditions. You may need to drivebelow
the posted limit in bad weather orwhen visibility is especially poor.
Pull to the right (with care) and stop clearof intersections when you
see or hearemergency vehicles.
FREEWAYDIWTNG
Mile for mile, freeways (also called
thruways, parkways, expressways,
turnpikes, or superhighways) are the safest of all roads. But theyhave
their own special rules.
The most important advice onfreeway driving is: Keep up with traffic and
keep to the right. Drive at the same speed
most of the other drivers are
driving. Too-fast or too-slowdriving breaks a smooth traffic flow. Treat
the left laneon a freeway as a passing lane.
Entering theFreeway
At the entrance thereis usually a ramp that leads to the
freeway. If you
have a clearview of the freeway as you drive along theentrance ramp,
you should begin to check traffic.Try to determine whereyou expect to
blend with the flow. If traffic is light, you may have no problem. Butif it is
heavy, find a gap asyou move along the entering lane and time
your
approach. Try to merge into the gap at close to the prevailing speed.
197
Switch on your turn signal, check yourrearview mirrors as you move
Try to blend
along, and glance over your shoulder as often necessary.
as
smoothly with the traffic flow.
Driving on the Freeway
Once you are on thefreeway, adjust your speedto theposted limit or to
the prevailing rate if it’s slower. Stay in the right lane unless you want to
pass. If you are on a two-lane freeway, treat theright lane as the slow lane
and theleft lane as thepassing lane.
If you are ona three-lane freeway, treat the right lane as theslower-speed
through lane, the middle lane as the higher-speed through lane, and the
left lane as thepassing lane.
Before changing lanes, check yourrearview mirrors. Then use your turn
signal.
Just beforeyou leave the lane, glancequicklyover your shoulder to make
sure thereisn’t another vehicle in your “blind” spot.
If you are moving from an outsideto a center lane ona freeway having
more thantwo lanes, make sure anothervehicle isn’t about tomove into
the same spot. Look at the
vehicles two lanes overand watch for telltale
signs: turn signals flashing, an increase in speed, or moving toward the
edge of the lane. Be preparedto delay your move.
Once you are moving on thefreeway, make certainyou allow a
reasonable following distance. Expect to move slightly slowerat night.
Leaving the Freeway
When you want toleave the freeway, move to the properlane well in
advance. Dashing across lanes at thelast minute is dangerous. If you miss
your exit do not, under any circumstances, stop andback up. Drive on to
the next exit.
At each exit point is a deceleration lane. Ideally it should be long enough
for you to enterit at freeway speed (after signaling, of course) and then
do your braking beforemoving onto theexit ramp. Unfortunately, notall
deceleration lanes are long enough-- some are too short forall the
braking. Decide when to startbraking. I f you must brake onthe through
lane, and if there is traffic close behind you, you can allow a little extra
time and flash your brake lights (in additionto your turn signal) as extra
warning that you are aboutto slow down and exit.
The exit ramp can be curved, sometimes quitesharply.
The exit speed is usually posted. Reduce your speed accordingto your
speedometer, notto your senseof motion. Afterdriving for any distance
at higher speeds,you may tend tothink you are going slower than you
actually are. Forexample, 40 mph (65 km/h) might seem like only 20 mph
(30 kmih). Obviously, this could lead to serious trouble ona ramp
designed for 20 mph (30 kmih)!
D M N G A LONG DISTANCE
Although most long trips today are madeon freeways, there are still
many made on regularhighways.
Long-distance driving on freeways and regular highways is the samein
some ways. The trip has to be planned and vehicle
the
prepared, you
drive at higher-than-city speeds, and there arelonger turns behind the
wheel. You’ll enjoy your trip more if you and your vehicle are in good
shape. Here are sometips for a successful long trip.
BEFORE LEAVTNG O N A LONG TRIP
Make sureyou’re ready. Try to be well rested. If you must start when
you’re not fresh -- such as aftera day’s work -- don’t plan to make too
many miles that first part of the journey. Wear comfortable clothing and
shoes you can easily drive in.
Is your vehicle ready for a long trip? If you keep it serviced and
maintained, it’s ready to go. If it needs service, have it done before
starting out. Of course, you’ll find experienced and ableservice experts in
Cadillac dealerships all across North America.They’ll be ready and
willing to help if you need it.
Here are somethings you can check before a trip:
Windshield Washer Fluid: Is the reservoir full? Are all windows clean
inside and outside?
Wiper Blades: Are they in good shape?
Fuel. Engine Oil, Other Fluids: Have you checked all levels‘?
199
0
Lights: Are they all working? Are thelenses clean?
0
Tires: Theyare vitally important to a safe, trouble-free trip.Is the
tread good enough for long-distancedriving? Are the tires all inflated
to the recommendedpressure‘?
0
Weather Forecasts: What’s the weather outlookalong your route?
Should you delay your trip a short time to avoid a major storm
system?
0
Maps: Do you have up-to-date maps?
ON THE ROAD
Unless you are theonly driver, it is good to sharethe driving task with
others. Limit turns behind the wheel to about 100 miles (160 km) or two
hours at a sitting. Then, eitherchange drivers or stop for some
refreshment like coffee, tea orsoft drinks and somelimbering up. But do
stop andmove around. Eatlightly along the way. Heavier meals tend to
make some peoplesleepy.
On two-lane highways or undivided multilane highways that do nothave
controlled access, you’llwant to watch for some situations not
usually
found on freeways. Examples are: stopsigns and signals, shopping centers
with direct access to thehighway, no passing zones and school zones,
vehicles turning left and right off the road,pedestrians, cyclists, parked
vehicles, and even animals.
H I G W A Y mPlVOSIS
Is there actually such a condition as “highway hypnosis”? Or is it just
plain falling asleep at thewheel? Call it highway hypnosis, lack of
awareness, or whatever.
There is something about aneasy stretch of road with the samescenery,
along with the hum of the tires on the road, the droneof the engine, and
the rush of the wind against the vehicle that can makeyou sleepy. Don’t
let it happen toyou! If it does, your vehicle can leave the road in less than
and you could crash and be injured.
What can you do abouthighway hypnosis? First, be awarethat it can
happen.
200
Then here are sometips:
0
Make sure yourvehicle is well ventilated, with a comfortablycool
interior.
0
Keep your eyes moving. Scan the road ahead and to the sides. Check
to
your rearview mirrors frequently and your instruments from time
time. This can helpyou avoid a fixed stare.
0
Wear good sunglasses in bright light. Glare can causedrowsiness. But
don’t wearsunglasses at night. They will drastically reduce your
overall vision at thevery time you need all the seeing poweryou have.
0
If you get sleepy, pull off the road into a rest, service, or parking area
and take a nap, get someexercise, or both. Forsafety, treat drowsiness
on thehighway as an emergency.
As in any driving situation, keep pacewith traffic and allow adequate
following distances.
HILL AND MOUNTMN ROADS
J
Driving on steep hills or mountainsis different fromdriving in flat or
rolling terrain.
201
If you drive regularly in steep country, or if you’re planning to visit there,
here are sometips that can make your trips saferand moreenjoyable.
0
Keep your vehicle in good shape. Check all fluid levels and also the
brakes, tires, cooling system and transaxle. These parts can work hard
on mountainroads.
Know how to go down hills. The most important thing toknow is this:
let your enginedo someof the slowing down. Don’t makeyour brakes
do it all. Shift to a lower gear when you go down a steep orlong hill.
That way, you will slow down without excessive use of your brakes.
A CAUTION:
<
. r
-
If you don’t shift down, your brakes could get so hot that they
wouldn’t work well. You would then have poor braking oreven
none going down a hill. You could crash. Shift down to let your
engine assist your brakes on a stef downhil’ lope.
-
S<*.
i.
.*$
’+--*
Coasting downhill in “N” (Neutral) orwith the ignition off is
dangerous. Your brakes will have to do all thework of slowing
down. They could get so hot that they wouldn’t work well. You
could crash. Always have your enginerunning andyour vehicle
in gearwhen you go downhill.
0
Know how to go uphill. You may want to shift down to a lower gear.
The lower gears helpcool your engine and transaxle, and you can
climb the hill better.
Stay in your own lane when driving on two-lane roads in hills or
mountains. Don’t swing wide or cutacross the centerof the road.
Drive at speeds that letyou stay in your own lane. That way, you won’t
be surprised by a vehicle coming toward you i n the samelane.
202
0
It takes longer topass anothcr vehicle when you're going uphill. You'll
want to le.ave extra room to pass. If a vehicle is passing you and
doesn't have enough room, slow down to make it easier for the other
vehicle to get by.
0
As you go over the top of a hill, be alert. Therecould be something in
your lane, like a stalled caror an accident.
0
You may see highway signs on mountains that warn of special
problems. Examples are long grades, passing or no-passing zone.s, a
falling rocks area, or winding roads. Be alert to these and take
appropriate action.
0
Winter driving can present special problems. See "WinterDriving" in
the Index.
Parking on Hills
Hills and mountains mean spectacular scenery.
But please be careful
where you stop if you decide to look at the view or takepictures. Look for
pull-offs or parking areas provided for scenic viewing.
203
Another partof this manual tellshow to use your parking brake (see
“Parking Brake” in the Index). But on a mountain or steephill, you can
do one more thing. You can turn your front wheels to keepyour vehicle
from rolling downhill or out intotraffic.
Here’s how:
Parking Downhill
Turn your wheels to
the right.
You don’t have to jam
your tires against the
curb, if there is a curb.
A gentle contactis all
you need.
Parking Uphill
If there is a curb, turn
your wheelsto theleft
if the curbis at the
right side of your
vehicle.
I
204
If there is no curb
when you’re parking
uphill, turn thewheels
to theright.
If there is no curb when you’re parking uphill on theleft side of a
one-way street, your wheels shouldbe turned to the
left.
Torque Lock (Automatic Transaxle)
If you are parking on a hill and you don’t shift yourtransaxle into “P”
(Park) properly, the weight of the vehicle may put toomuch force on the
parking pawl in the transaxle. You may find it difficult to pull the shift
lever out of “P” (Park). Thisis called “torque lock.” To prevent torque
lock, always be sureto shift into “P” (Park) properly beforeyou leave the
driver’s seat. To find out how, see “ Shifting Into ’P’(Park)” in the Index.
205
If “torque lock” does occur, you may need to have another vehicle push
yours a littleuphill to take someof the pressure from thetransaxle, so
you can pull the shift lever out of “P” (Park).
WINTER DRZVTNG
Here are sometips for winter driving:
0 Have your Cadillac in good shape for winter.Be sure your engine
coolant mix is correct.
0
0
Snow tires can help in loose snow, but they may give you less traction
on ice than regular tires. If you do not expect to be driving in deep
snow, but may have to travel over ice, you may not want to switch to
snow tires at all.
You may want to put winter emergency supplies in your trunk.
h
Include anice scraper, a small brush or broom,supply
a
of windshield
a
washer fluid, a rag, some winter
outer clothing, a small shovel,
flashlight, a red cloth, and a couple
of reflective warning triangles. And,if
you will be driving under severe conditions, include asmall bag of sand, a
piece of old carpet or a coupleof burlap bags to help provide traction.Be
sure you properly secure these items
in your vehicle.
Driving on Snow or Ice
Most of the time, those places where your tires
meet the road probably
have good traction.
However, if there is snow or ice between your tires andthe road,you can
have a very slippery situation.You'll have a lotless traction or "grip" and
will need to bevery careful.
207
What’s theworst time for this?“Wet ice.” Very cold snow or ice can be
slick and hard to drive on. Butwet ice can be even more trouble because
it may offer the least tractionof all. You can get “wet ice”when it’s about
freezing (32*F; O°C) and freezing rainbegins to fall. Try to avoid driving
on wet ice until salt and sand crews can getthere.
Whatever the condition-- smooth ice, packed, blowing or loosesnow -drive with caution. Accelerate gently. Try not to break the fragile traction.
If you accelerate too fast, the
drive wheels will spin and polish the surface
under thetires even more.
Your anti-lock brakes improve yourability to make a hard stop on a
slippery road.Even though you have the anti-lock brakingsystem, you’ll
want to begm stopping sooner thanyou would on dry pavement. See
“’Anti-lock” in the Index.
0 Allow greater following distance on any slippery road.
0
Watch for slippery spots. The road might be fine until you hit a spot
that’s coveredwith ice. On an otherwise clear road,
ice patches may
appear in shaded areas where the sun
can’t reach: around clumpsof
trees, behind buildings, or underbridges. Sometimes the surfaceof a
curve or an overpass may remain icy when the surrounding roads are
clear. If you see a patchof ice ahead of you, brake beforeyou are on
it. Try not to brakewhile you’re actually on the ice, and avoid sudden
steering maneuvers.
208
If You’re Caught in a Blizzard
If you are stoppedby heavy snow, you could be in a serious situation.You
should probably stay with your vehicle unless you know for sure thatyou
are near help andyou can hike through thesnow. Here are somethings
to do to summonhelp and keepyourself and your passengers safe:Turn
on your hazard flashers.Tie a red cloth to your vehicle to alertpolice that
you’ve been stoppedby the snow. Put on extra clothing or wrap a blanket
around you. If you have no blankets orextra clothing, makebody
insulators from newspapers, burlap
bags, rags, floor mats -- anything you
can wrap aroundyourself or tuck under your clothingto keepwarm.
You can run the engine to keep
warm, but be careful.
I A CAUTION:
I
trap exhaust gases under your vehicle. This can cause
deadly CO (carbon monoxide) gas to get inside. CO could
overcome you and kill you. You can’t see it orsmell it, so you
might not know it was in your vehicle. Clear away snow from
around thebase of your vehicle ,especially any that is blocking
your exhaustpipe. And check around againfrom time totime to
be sure snow doesn’t collectthere.
l
I O Wcan
CAUTION: (Continued)
209
Open a window just a little on the side of the vehicle that’s away
from the wind. Thiswill help keep GO out.
Run your engineonly as long as you must. Thissaves fuel. When you run
the engine, makeit go a little faster than justidle. That is, push the
accelerator slightly. This uses less fuel for the heat thatyou get and it
keeps the batterycharged. You will need a well-charged battery to restart
the vehicle, and possibly for signaling later on with your headlights. Let
the heater run for
awhile.
Then, shut theengine off and close the window almost all the way to
preserve the heat. Start the engine
again and repeatthis only when you
feel really uncomfortable from thecold. But do it as little aspossible.
Preserve the fuel aslong as you can. To help keep warm,you can get out
of the vehicle and do some fairly vigorous exercises every half hour or so
until help comes.
VYou’re Stuck in Deep Snow
This manual explains how to get the vehicle out of deep snow without
damaging it. See “RockingYour Vehicle’’ inthe Index.
210
TOWING A T M L E R
’
A CAUTION:
If you don’t use the correct equipment and drive properly,
you
can lose controlwhen you pull a trailer. For example,if the
trailer istoo heavy, the brakes may not workwell -- or even at
all. You and your passengers couldbe seriously injured. Pull a
trailer onp7 ;€you
have followed all the step?in this section.
NOTJCE
I
Fulling
in costly repairs not covered by your wan lty.
correctly, follow the advice in this secti I.
To pull a trailer
Load-pulling components such as the engine, transaxle,
wheel assemblies,
and tires are forced towork harder against the dragof the addedweight.
The engineis required to operate atrelatively higher speeds and under
greater loads, generating extra heat. What’s more, the trailer adds
considerably to wind resistance, increasing the pulling requirements.
All of that means changesin:
0
Handling
0
Durability
Fueleconomy
If You Do Decide To Pull A Trailer
If you do, here are some important
points.
There are many different laws having to do with trailering. Make sure
your rig will be legal, not only where you live but also where you’ll be
be state orprovincial
driving. A good source for this information can
police.
21 1
Consider using a sway control.
0
You can ask a hitch dealer about sway controls.
Don’t tow a trailer at all during the first 500 miles (800 km) your new
vehicle is driven. Your engine, axle or other partscould be damaged.
Then, during the first 500 miles (800 km) that you tow a trailer, don’t
drive over 50 mph (80 kmih) and don’t make starts atfull throttle.
This helps your engine and other parts of your vehicle wear in at the
heavier loads.
When towing a trailer, close all windows and set the Electronic
Climate Control System to “ECON”, “AUTO”, “DEFOG” or
Defroster to assure that the
fan is running.
Three important considerationshave to do with weight:
1. Weight of the nailer
How heavy can a trailersafely be?
It should never weigh more than 1,000 pounds (450 kg). But even
that can be tooheavy.
It dependson how you plan to use your rig. For example, speed,
altitude, road grades, outside temperature and
how much your
vehicle is used to pull a trailer are all important. And,it can also
depend onany special equipment thatyou have on your vehicle.
You can ask your dealer for ourtrailering information or advice, or
you can write us at Cadillac.
In Canada,write to General Motorsof Canada Limited, Customer
Assistance Center, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive, Oshawa, Ontario L1H
8P7.
2. Weight of the Trailer Tongue
When a trailer is connected to your vehicle, the trailer tongue adds
to theweight your vehicle is carrying. So, remember to subtract the
weight of the trailer tongue from your vehicle’s capacity weight.
212
The trailer tongue(A) should weigh 10% of the totalloaded trailer
weight (B). After you’ve loaded your trailer, weigh the trailer and
then the tongue,separately, to see if the weights are proper.If they
aren’t, you may be able to get them right simply by moving some
items around in the trailer.
3. Total Weight on Your Vehicle’s Tires
Be sure your vehicle’s tires are inflated to the limit for cold tires.
You’ll find these numbers on the Certification label at the rear edge
of the driver’s door (or seeIndex under “TireLoading”). Then be
sure you don’t go over the GVW limit for yourvehicle.
Hitches
It’s important tohave the correcthitch equipment. Crosswinds, large
trucks going by, and rough roads are a few reasons why you’ll need the
right hitch. Here are somerules to follow:
0 Will you have to make any holes in the body of your vehicle when you
install a trailer hitch?If you do, then be sure seal
to the holes later
when you remove the hitch. If you don’t seal them, deadly carbon
monoxide (CO) from your exhaust can get into yourvehicle (see
Index under “CarbonMonoxide”). Dirt andwater can, too.
The bumpers on your vehicle are not intended forhitches. Do not
attach rentalhitches or otherbumper-type hitches to them.
213
Safety Chains
You should always attach chains between yourvehicle and your trailer.
Cross the safety chains under the tongue
of the trailer so that the tongue
if it becomes separated from the hitch.
Follow
will not drop to the road
the manufacturer’s recommendation for attaching safety chains.
Always
leave just enoughslack so you can turnwith your rig. And, never allow
safety chainsto drag on the ground.
Trailer Brakes
Does your trailer have its own brakes? Be sure to read andfollow the
so you’ll be able to install, adjust and
instructions for the trailer brakes
maintain them properly.
Because you have anti-lock brakes, do not try to tap into your vehicle’s
brake system.If you do, both brakesystems won’t work well, or atall.
Driving with a Trailer
Towing a trailer requiresa certain amount of experience. Before setting
out for the open road,
you’ll want to get toknow your rig. Acquaint
yourself with the feel of handling and brakingwith the addedweight of
the trailer. And always keep in mind that the vehicle you are driving is
now a good deal longer and not nearly
so responsive as yourvehicle is by
itself.
Before you start, check the trailer hitch and platform, safety chains,
electrical connector, lights, tires and mirror adjustment.If the trailer has
electric brakes, start yourvehicle and trailer moving and then apply the
trailer brake controllerby hand to be sure thebrakes are working. This
lets you check your electrical connection
at the sametime.
During your trip,check occasionally to be sure that the load
is secure,
and that thelights and any trailer brakes arestill working.
Following Distance
Stay at least twice as far behind the vehicle ahead asyou would when
you avoid situations
driving your vehicle without a trailer. This can help
that require heavy braking and sudden turns.
214
Passing
You’ll need more passing distance up ahead when you’re towing a trailer.
And, becauseyou’re a good deal longer,
you’ll need to go much farther
beyond the passed vehicle before you can return toyour lane.
Backing Up
Hold the bottomof the steeringwheel with one hand. Then, to
move the
To move the trailer to
trailer to theleft, just move that hand to the left.
the right, move your hand tothe right. Always back up slowly and, if
possible, have someone guide you.
Making Turns
When you’re turningwith a trailer, make wider turns than normal.
Do
this so your trailerwon’t strike soft shoulders, curbs, road
signs, trees, or
other objects. Avoid jerky or suddenmaneuvers. Signal well in advance.
Turn Signals When Towing a Trailer
When you tow a trailer, yourvehicle has to have a different turn
signal
flasher and extrawiring. The greenarrows on your instrument panelwill
flash whenever you signal a turn or lanechange. Properly hooked up,the
trailer lights will also flash, telling other drivers you’re about to turn,
change lanes or stop.
When towing a trailer, the green arrows on your instrument panel
will
flash for turnseven if the bulbs on the trailer are burned out. Thus,
you
may think drivers behindyou are seeing yoursignal when they are not.
It’s important tocheck occasionally to be sure the trailer
bulbs are still
working.
Driving On Grades
Reduce speed and shift to lower
a
gear before you start down a long or
steep downgrade.If you don’t shift down, you might have to use your
brakes so much that they would get hot and no longerwork well.
On a long uphill grade, shift down and reduceyour speed to around45
mph (70 km/h) or less to reduce thepossibility of engine and transaxle
overheating.
215
If your trailerweighs more than 1,000 pounds (450 Kg) and you have an
automatic transaxle with Overdrive, you may want to drive in “3” instead
of Overdrive (or, as you need to, a lower gear). Thiswill help your
transmission.
Parking on Hills
You really should not park your vehicle, with a trailer attached,on a hill.
If something goeswrong, your rig could start to move. People can be
injured, and bothyour vehicle and the trailercan be damaged.
But if you ever have to park your rig on a hill, here’s how to doit:
1. Apply your regular brakes, but don’tshift into “P” (Park) yet.
2. Have someoneplace chocks under the trailerwheels.
3. When the wheel chocks are in place, release the regular brakes until
the chocks absorb the load.
4. Reapply the regular brakes. Then shift into “P” (Park)firmly and
apply your parking brake.
5. Release the regular brakes.
When You Are Ready to Leave Afier Parkingon a Hill
1. Apply your regular brakes andhold the pedal down while you:
Start your engine;
Shift into a gear; and
Be sure theparking brake has released.
2. Let up on the brake pedal.
3. Drive slowly until the trailer is clear of the chocks.
4. Stop and have someone pick up and store thechocks.
216
Maintenance When Trailer Towing
Your vehicle will need scrvice more often when you‘re pulling a trailer.
See the MaintenanceSchedule for moreon this. Things that are
especially important in trailer operation are automatic
transaxle fluid
(don’t overfill), engine oil, axle lubricant, belts, cooling system, and brake
adjustment. Each of these is covered in this manual, and the Index will
help you find them quickly. If you’re trailering, it’s a good idea to review
these sections before you start your trip.
Check periodically to see thatall hitch nuts and bolts are tight.
217
PROBLEMS ON THE ROAD
Here you'll find what to do about some problems that
can occur on the
road.
218
HAZARD W M I N G FLASHERS
.
Your hazard warning flashers letyou warn others. They also let police
know you have a problem.Your front and rear turn signal lights will flash
on and off.
Press the button in to make your front and rear turn
signal lights flash on
and off.
219
1
7
The light on your instrument panelwill flash indicating that the hazard
warning flashersare on.
Your hazard warning flasherswork no matter what position your
key isin,
and evenif the key isn't in.
To turn off the
flashers, pull out on
the collar. Whenthe
hazard warning
flashers are on,your
turn signals won't
work.
I'
OTHER 'WARNING DEWCES
If you carry reflective triangles,you can setone up at theside of the road
about 300 feet (100 m) behind yourvehicle.
0
I
JUMP STARTING
If your battery hasrun down, you may want to use another vehicle and
some jumpercables to start your Cadillac . But please follow the steps
below to do it safely.
c
-
-
CAUTION:
Batteries can hurtyou. They can be dangerous because:
They containacidthatcanburn
They contain
th
They containenough c
you.
n exploc
-
ignite.
1
. .-.
';
I
'
ctricitv 1 burn you.
q=
9:
". .
t
If you don't follow these steps exactly, some or allof these things
pnn
Yurt you.
ula r( 111 In
vered by your warranty.
w i n g to start your Cadillacby pushing or pulling it won't
work, and itcould damage your vehicle.
TO JUMP START YOUR CXDILLAC:
1. Check the other vehicle. It must have a 12-volt battery with a negative
ground system.
NOTICE:
If the orner systemIsn'
both vehicles can be damaged.
22 1
2. Get thevehicles close enough so the jumpercables can reach, but be
sure thevehicles aren’t touching each other.If they are, it could cause
a ground connectionyou don’t want. You wouldn’t be able to start
your Cadillac, andthe bad grounding could damage the electrical
systems.
-
A CAUTION:
You could be injured if the vehicles roll. Set the parking brake
firmly on eachvehicle. Put anautomatic transaxle in“P”
‘”ark).
-
3. Turn off the ignition on both vehicles. Turn off all lights that aren’t
will avoid sparks and helpsave both
needed, and radios. This
batteries. And it could save your radio!
4. Open the hoodsand locate the batteries.
A CAUTION:
An electric fan canstart upeven when the engine is notrunning
and can injureyou. Keep hands, clothing and tools away from
any underhood elc ric fan.
Find thepositive (+) and negative (-) terminals on each battery.
222
4.9 Liter
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
5. Start by removing the red positive (+) terminal cover.
I
223
Be sure the batterieshave enough water. You don’t need to add
water to theDelco Freedoma battery installed in every newGM
vehicle. But if a battery has filler caps,be sure the right amount
of fluid is there. If it is low, add waterto take careof that first. If
you don’t, explosive gas could be present.
Battery fluid contains acid that can burn
you. Don’t get it on
you. If you accidentally getit in youreyes or on your skin, flush
the place with waterand get medical helpimmediately.
6. Check that the jumper cablesdon’t have loose or missing insulation. If
they do, you could get a shock.The vehicles could be damaged, too.
Before you connect the cables, here are somethings you should know.
Positive (+ ) will go to positive (+) and negative (-) will go to negative
(-) or a metal engine part. Don’t connect(+) to (-) or you’ll get a
s.hort th,g$w.Quld damage the battery andmaybe other parts, too.
A CAUTION:
Fans or other moving engine parts can injureyou badly. Keep
your hands a1 - rom moving 1 -ts once the engines are
running.
224
4.9 Liter
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
. *,.
c
7. Connect the red positive(+) cable to the positive (+) terminal of the
vehicle with the dead battery.
8. Don't let the other end touch metal. Connectit to the positive (+ )
terminal of the good battery.
9. Now connect the black negative (-) cable to the good battery's
negative (-) terminal.
10.Don't let the other end touch anything until next
the step. The other
end of the negative cable doesn't goto the dead battery. It goes to a
225
neavy unpainted metal part onthe engine of the vehicle with the dead
battery.
Attach the cable at least 18 inches (45 cm) away from the dead
battery, but not near engine parts that
move. The electrical connection
is just asgood there, but the chanceof sparks gettingback to the
battery is much less.
4.9 Liter
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
11.Now start thevehicle with the good battery and run the engine for
awhile.
12. Try to start thevehicle with the dead battery.
226
If it won’t start aftera few tries, it probably neeas service.
13.Remove the cables in reverse order to preventelectrical shorting.
%ke care thatthey don’t touch each other or any other metal.
r
I
- +
GOOD BATTERY
BRACKET
G
E
N E R A T
GENERATOR
O
@
+
E
DEAD BATTERY
L M O V E CABLES IN THIS ORDER
TOWING YOUR VEHICLE
Try to have a GM dcalcr ora professional towing service tow your
Cadillac. The usual towing equipment is a sling-type or a wheel-lift or car
carrier tow truck.
227
I
SLING-TYPE
WHEEL LIFT
If your vehicle hasbeen changed or modified sinceit was factory-new by
adding aftermarket items like fog lamps, aero skirting, or special tires and
wheels, these instructions and illustrations
may not be correct.
Before you do anything, turnon the hazard warning flashers.
When you call, tell the towing service:
0 That your vehicle cannot be towed from the front or rear with
sling-type equipment,
That your vehicle has front-wheel drive.
The make,model, and year of your vehicle.
0 Whether you can still move the shift lever.
0 If there was an accident, whatwas damaged.
When the towing service arrives, let thetow operator know that this
manual contains detailedtowing instructions and illustrations.The
operator may want to see them.
228
A CAUTION:
To help avoid injury toyou or others:
0
Never let passengers ride ina vehicle that is being towed.
0
Never towfaster thansafe or posted speeds.
0
Never towwith damaged parts not
fully secured.
0
I
Never get under yourvehicle after it has
been liftedby the
tow truck.
0
r1-
Always use separate safety chains on each sidewhen towing a
vehicle.
0
Never use “J” hooks. Use T-hooks instead.
r
I
i-
i1
F
When your vehicle is being towed, havethe ignition key off. The steering
wheel should be clamped
in a straight-ahead position,with a clamping
device designed fortowing service. Do not use the vehicle’s steering
column lock for this. The transaxle shouldbe in Neutral and the parking
brakereleased.
Don’t have yourvehicle towed on the frontwheels, unless you must. If
the vehicle must be towed on the front
wheels, don’t go more than 55
mph (88 km/h) or farther than500 miles (804 lun) or your transaxlewill
be damaged.If these limits must be exceeded,then the frontwheels have
to.be supported ona dolly.
c
m
C
I
229
A CAUTION:
-.
.
-
:
.
.
..
.-
A vehicle can fall from a car carrier if it isn’t prope secured.
Lis can causea collision, serious personal injury andvehicle
-
m.
:.damage. The vehicle should be tightly secured with chains or
. - ..
--.
steel ca‘ - ’Iefore it ist r a n s p o r t e- d . ~4r*’
>..~ - - . l .,;~. ~ ~ .~ ~ .: ~ ~ : .
.
2- L-...;, -&cz&-’;L?
..
ir“7r
.
.
Dodc auditUtes
(ropes, leather s ~ ~ ~ p s ’ ; ’ ~ a n v a ~ w e b L l_..
l~~-’..-.. ,
that can be cut by sharp edg-- underneath thetowed
..._
. ._.
vehic
..
.
--:
:
..
-
-:
,
.
*i..,
.. . .
.
. -.
. -~
:
.
> .
--
.-
-.
., , ,
-
7. -
~
.,
.
.
-L:.)
.
-
,
-_,
. .
.._ f - -
.- .
-
:-;
s.
.-
z
-.
.
.-
ENGINE OFERHEATING
You will find the warning light about a hot engine on your Cadillac
instrument panel (Export Only).
The driver information will display either “ENGINECOOLANT HOT
IDLE ENGINE” or“STOP ENGINE ENGINE OVERHEATING.”
If Steam Is Coming From Your Engine:
230
I
,
.,
--..
you just open the hood. Stay away from the engine if you see or
. f,..:c
hear steam coming from it. Just turn itoff and get everyone '-i::::skT-&-.
away from the vehicle until it cools down. Wait until there is no -;'?
'.:,
<.-+,.<-
in it :can catch fire.
You.0.rotherscould-bebadly burned. Stop
your engineif it overheats,-an.d get outof the vehicle. until*+the
.--a73;:F-;-*g5.e:
-.=..;*.--.
.**
-
I
,
;L
=&?
:.
?;:-
;-; . :
.I
.
-';.:,.-:. .
.?. . . *.*.
.
- .
---c--=
L.'
.-%
.
A.iJ.- .:-,:,
:-?-'
.
&e
-
*b'.bT
.
--
.=..
....
.>
0
.-
I
-.*.;-I
%.
.;>
&e--?
- .
~
. .: - 2 - ,
NOTICh:
1
If your engine catchesfire because you keep drivmg with no
coolant, yourvehicle can be badly damaged. The costly repairs
lwuld notbe covered by your warranty.
I
-
,.
.
If No Steam Is Coming From Your Engine:
If you get the overheatwarning but see or hear no steam, the problem
may not be too serious. Sometimes the engine
can get a littletoo hot
when you:
e Climb a long hill on a hot day.
Stop after high speed driving.
e Idle for long periods in traffic.
Tow a trailer.
If you get the overheatwarning with no sign of steam, try this for a
minute orso:
1. Turn off your air conditioner.
23 1
2. Turn on your heater tofull hot at thehighest fan speed and open the
window as necessary.
3. Try to keepyour engine under load (in a drive gear where the engine
runs slower).
If you no longer have the overheatwarning, you can drive. Just to besafe,
drive slower for about tenminutes. If the warning doesn’t come back on,
you can drive normally.
If the warning continues,pull over, stop, and park your
vehicle right
away.
If there’s still no sign of steam, you can idle the engine for two or three
minutes while you’re parked, to seeif the warning stops. But then,if you
still have the warning, TURN OFF THE ENGINE AND GET
EVERYONE OUT OF THE VEHICLE until it cools down.
You may decide notto lift the hood but to get service help right away.
COOLING SYSTEM- 4.9 LITER
When you decide it’s safe tolift the hood,here’s what you’ll see:
Coolant recovery tank
Radiator pressure cap
Electric enginefans
232
A CAUTION:
I
An electric fan under thehood can start upeven when the
engine is not running and can injure
you. Keep hands, clothing
and tools away from any underhood electric fan.
If the coolant insidethe coolant recovery tank is boiling, don’t do
anything else until itcools down.
The coolant level should be at or above “FULL COLD.” If it isn’t, you
may have a leak in the radiator hoses, heater hoses, radiator, water pump
or somewhere elsein the cooling system.
I
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine parts, can be very
hot. Don’t touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
-s:;z
run the engineif there is a leak. If you run the engine, it
- Don’t
. could lose all coolant. That could cause an engine fire, and you
- ...:.-
..%-?7
I
.- 2 *
could be burned. Get any leak
fixed before you drive thevehicle.
I
.C,
.-I.
.Y
233
NOTICE:
Engine damage fro running:
covered hv v o w rrant
your
wine withc
bolant isn’t
1
If there seems tobe no leak, check to seeif the electric engine fansare
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should
be running. If they
aren’t, yourvehicle needs service.
How to AddCoolant to the Coolant Recovery Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolantlevel isn’t at or above
“FULL COLD,” add a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferably distilled)
and a proper antifreeze at the coolant recovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant’’ in the Index for more information about the proper coolant
mix.)
,/!1
I
CAUTIO
Adding only plainwater
ur coomg syscem can De
dangerous. Plainwater, or some other liquid like alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s coolant
warning systemis set for the proper coolantmix. With plain
water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you
wouldn’t get the overheat warning.Your engine could catchfir6
and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of ( m
water I d a Droner antifreeze
I NOTICE:
1
In cold weather, water canL Jeze and crack theengine, radiato,,
heater core and other parts.Use the recommended coolant.
234
a
When the coolantin the coolant recovery tank is at or above “FULL
COLD,” start your vehicle.
If the overheatwarning continues, there’sone morething you can try.
You can add the proper coolant
mix directly to the radiator, but be sure
the cooling system is cool before you do it.
235
Steam and scalding liquids
from a hot cooling system can blow
out and burnyou badly. They are under pressure, and
if you
turn the radiator pressure cap-- even a little -- they can come
out athigh speed. Never turn the capwhen the cooling system,
including the radiator pressure
cap, is hot. Wait for the cooling
system and radiator pressure capto cool if you ever have to turn
the pressure cap.
236
I
R
-
How to Add Coolant to the Radiator
1. You can remove
the radiator
pressure capwhen
the cooling
system, including
the radiator
pressure cap and
upper radiator
hose, is no longer
hot. Turn the
pressure cap
slowly to theleft
until it first stops.
-I
(Don’tt pressdown whileturning the pressure
cap.)
If you hear a hiss, wait for that to stop.
A hiss means thereis still some
pressure left.
2. Then keep turning
the pressure cap,
but now push
down as youturn
it. Remove the
pressure cap.
1
237
3. Fill the radiator
with the proper
mix,up to the
base of the filler
neck.
4. Then fill the
coolant recovery
tank to“FULL
COLD.’’
238
5. Put the cap back
on the coolant
recovery tank, but
leave the radiator
pressure cap off.
6. Start the engine
and let it run until
you can feel the
upper radiator
hose getting hot.
Watch out for the
engine fans.
7 . By this time the coolant level inside the radiator filler neck may be
lower. If the level is lower, add more of the proper mix through the
filler neck until the level reaches the base of the filler neck.
239
_ . ..._. .
- *I
8. Then replace the
pressure cap. Be
sure thearrows on
the pressure cap
line up like this.
COOLING SYSTEM - 4.6 LITER
(NORTHSTRR)
I
I
I
4
When you decide it’s safe to lift the hood, here’s what you’ll see:
Coolant surge tank with pressure cap
v Electric engine fans
240
I
A CAUTION:
An electric fan under thehood can start upeven when the
you. Keep hands, clothing
engine is not running and can injure
and tools away from any underhood electric
fan.
T
If the coolant inside the coolant surge tank
is boiling, don’t do anything
else until itcools down.
The coolant level
should be at or above
“FULL COLD.” If it
isn’t, you mayhave a
leak in the radiator
hoses, heater hoses,
radiator, water pump
or somewhereelse in
the cooling system.
=
~
r
/1
I
r
I-
A CAUTION:
Heater and radiatorhoses, and otherengine parts, canbe very
hot. Don’t touch them. If you do, you can be burned.
Don’t run theengine if there is a leak. If you run theengine, it
could loseall coolant. That could causean engine fire,and you
could be burned. Get any leak
fmed before you drive the vehicle.
241
If there seemsto be no leak, check to see if the electric engine fansare
running. If the engine is overheating, both fans should be running.
If they
aren’t, yourvehicle needs service.
How to Add Coolant to the Coolant Surge
Tank
If you haven’t found a problem yet, but the coolant level isn’t at orabove
“FULL COLD,” add a 50/50 mixture of clean water (preferablydistilled)
and a proper antifreeze at the coolantrecovery tank. (See “Engine
Coolant” in the Index for more information aboutthe proper coolant
mix.)
I
A CAUTION:
Adding only plain water to your
cooling system can be
dangerous. Plainwater, or some other liquid like alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolantmix will. Your vehicle’scoolant
warning system is set for the proper coolant
mix. With plain
water or thewrong mix, your enginecould get too hot but you
wouldn’t get the overheat warning.Your engine could catch fire
and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of clean
water -nd a proper antifreeze.
242
A
CAUTION:
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant containsethylene glycol and it will burn if the engine
parts are hotenough. Don’t spill coolant ona hot engine.
-
Should a low coolant conditionexist, an overheat protection “Limp
Home” featureof the 4.6L Northstar allows alternate firing groupsof
four cylinders for a predetermined numberof cycles to prevent engine
damage, enabling yourvehicle to be driven to the nearest service center.
I
A CAUTION
Steam and scalding liquidsfrom a hot cooling system can blow
if you
out and burnyou badly. They are under pressure, and
even a little they
turn the coolant surge tank pressure --cap
can come out at high speed. Never turn the capwhen the cooling
cap, is hot.
system, including the coolant surge tank pressure
Wait for the cooling system and coolantsurge tank pressure cap
to cool if you ever have to turn the pre;.=wecap.
--
243
-
-
i'
You can remove
the coolant surge
tank pressure cap
when the cooling
system, including
the coolant surge
tank pressure cap
and upper radiator
hose, is no longer
hot. Turn the
pressure cap slowly
to theleft until it
first stops.
i
(Don't pressdown while turning the pressurecap.)
244
the pressure cap,
but now push down
as you turn it.
Remove the
pressure cap.
c
.
.-m"
.-
A
245
/
.
3. Fill the coolant
surge tankwith the
proper mix, up to
the base of the
filler neck.
4. Put the capback on
the coolant surge
tank.
5. Start the engine and as the
engine runs the coolantwill circulate
through thecooling system. Any air thatwas introduced while adding
coolant will purge itself and rise to the topof the surge tank. If the
“ENGINE COOLANT LOW” message does not appearon the
Driver Information Center, coolantis at the properfill level. If an
“ENGINE COOLANT LOW”message does appear, repeat steps
1
through 4 or see your dealer.
I F A TIRE GOES FLAT
It’s unusual for a tire to“blow out7’while you’re driving, especially if you
maintain your tires properly. If air goesout of a tire, it’s much more likely
to leak outslowly. But if you should ever have a “blowout,” here area
few tips about what to expect and what to do:
If a front tirefails, the flat tirewill create a drag thatpulls the vehicle
toward that side. Take your foot off the accelerator pedal and gripthe
steering wheel firmly. Steer tomaintain lane position, then gently brake
to a stop well out of the traffic lane.
A rear blowout, particularly on a curve, acts much likea skid and may require
the samecorrection you’d use in a skid.
In any rear blowout, remove your
foot from the accelerator pedal. Get the vehicle under control by steering the
way youwant the vehicle to go. It may be very bumpy and noisy, but you can
still steer. Gently brake to a stop, well off the road if possible.
If your tire goes flat, thenext section shows howto use your jacking
equipment to change a flat tiresafely.
246
C M G I N G A FLAT TIRE
If a tire goes flat,avoid further tire andwheel damage by driving slowlyto
a level place. Turn on your hazardwarning flashers.
A CAUTION:
I
Changing a tire can cause an
injury. Thevehicle can slip off the
jack androll overyou or otherpeople. You and they could be
badly injured. Finda level place to change your tire.To help
prevent thevehicle from moving:
1. Put the shift lever in "P" (Park).
2. Set the parking brake firmly.
3. Turn off the engine.
To be even more certain thevehicle won't move, you can put
chocks at the front and rear
of the tire farthestaway from the
one being changed.That would be the tire on the other
side of
the vehicle, at the oppositeend.
The following steps will tell you how to use thejack and change a tire.
247
The equipmentyou’ll
need is in the trunk
under the spare tire
cover.
I
Rotate the plastic
wing nut and remove
that cover.
Then remove the wing
n u t that secures the
jack and wrench and
remove them from the
trunk.
248
Attach the wheel
wrench to the jack bolt
and rotate it clockwise
(to theright). That will
raise the lift head a
k.-....--."There is a center wheel
*+
W
cover on your
aluminum wheel. Use
--
the flat endof the
wheel wrench,prying
along the edgeof the
cover untilit comes
off. Be careful not to
scratch the aluminum
wheel edge. Don'ttry
to remove it with your
bare hands.
249
..
Using the wheel
wrench, loosen all the
wheel nuts. Don't
remove them yet.
Position the jack
under thevehicle.
Your vehicle has a
notch on the frame
near eachof the
wheels. Fit the lift
head into the notch
nearest thewheel
with the flat tire.
250
A CAUTION:
I
Getting under a vehicle
when it is jacked up is dangerous., If the
vehicle slips off the jack, you could be badly injured
or killed.
Never get undera vehicle when it is supported only by a iack.
Raise thevehicle by
rotating the wheel
wrench clockwise.
Raise the vehicle far
enough off the
ground so there is
enough room for the
spare tire tofit.
25 1
Remove all the wheel
nuts and take off the
flat tire.
- .
Rust or dirt on the wheel, or on the parts to which
i’’.=i
fastened, can make the wheelnuts become loose after atim-’
The wheel could comeoff and cause an accident. When you
wheel,
change
a
L -. .-. i.
..
!’
.-
CAUTION: (
252
CAUTION: (Continucd)
remove any rust or dirt from the
places where the wheel
attaches to the vehicle. In anemergency, you can use a cloth or a
paper towel to do this; butbe sure to use a scraper orwire
off.
brush later, if you need to, get all the rust or dirt
fr)
Remove any rust or dirt from the wheel bolts, mounting surfacesor spare
wheel. Place the spareon the wheel mounting surface.
I
Never use oil or grease on studs or nuts.
If you do, the nuts
might come loose. Your wheelcould fall off, causing a serious
accident.
r
Replace the wheel
nuts with the
rounded endof the
nuts toward the
wheel. Tighten each
nut by hand until the
wheel is held against
the hub.
25 3
----a
Tighten the wheel
nuts firmly in a
criss-cross sequence
as shown.
A CAUTION:
Incorrect wheel nuts orimproperly tightenedwheel nuts can
cause thewheel to become loose and even come off. This could
lead toan accident. Be sure touse the correctwheel nuts. If you
have to replace them,be sure toget the right kind.
Stop somewhereas soon as you can andhave the nuts tightened
with a torque wrench to140 Nom (100 ft.lbs.).
254
.
~.
h3
Don’t try to put a wheel cover on your compact spare tire. It won’t fit.
Store the wheel cover in the trunk until you have the flat tire repaired or
replaced.
NOTICE:
Wheel covers won’t fit on your compact spare. you try to put
wheel cover on your compact spare,
yo11 Pwld damage thecover
the spare.
I
1
,
-
A CAUTION:
I
-
z ..
Storing a jack,a tire or other equipment
in the passenger
compartment of the vehicle could cause injury. In a sudden stop
or collision, loose equipment couldstrike someone. Store all
the inthe p per place.
~
The flat tire should beplaced in the sparetire well.
COMPACT SPARE TIRE
Although the compact sparewas fully inflated whenyour vehicle was
new, it can lose air after a time.Check the inflation pressure regularly. It
should be 60 psi (420 kPa). The compact spare
is made to go up to 3,000
miles (5000 km), so you can finish your trip andhave your full-size tire
repaired or replaced whereyou want. Of course, it’s best to replace your
spare with a full-size tireas soon as you can. Your spare will last longer
and be in good shape in case you need it again.
Your anti-lock brake system warning li.ght may come on whenyou are
driving with a compact spare. See“Anti-Lock Brake System Warning
Light” in the Index.
255
Dog’t;ake your compact spare through an automatic wash
car
+th-&&ie rails. The compact spare canget caught on the rails.
1 hat can damage the tire and
wheel, and maybe other partsof
your vehicle,
Don’t use your compact spare on some othervehicle.
And don’t mix your compact spare or wheel with other wheels or tires.
They won’t fit. Keepyour spare andits wheel together.
NOTICE:
Tire chains won’t fit your cornpal spare. Using thc
damage your vehicle and destroy le c 1ins too.
4 a i n s on your compaet sparer
Storing a jack,a tire, or
Impartment of the vehicle could causeinjury. In a sudden stor
or collision, loose eq
theseiRfhe DroD( DI
$2- &?
.F%.,.
IF YOU’RE STUCK: IN SAND, MUD, ICE OR
SNOW
What you don’t want to dowhen your vehicle is stuck is to spin your
wheels. The methodknown as “rocking” can helpyou get outwhen
you’re stuck, butyou must use caution.
256
If you let your tires spinat high speed, they can explodeand you
or otherscould be injured. And, the transaxle or other parts
of
the vehicle can overheat. That could cause an engine
compartment fire or other
damage. Whenyou’re stuck, spin the
wheels as little as possible. Don’t spin the wheels above 35 mph
(55 km/h) as shown on the speedometer.
I
-3pannmg your H
; can destroy parts of your v( cle as well
as the tires. If you spin the wheels too fast while shifting your
transaxle back and forth,you can destroy your transarj
.
Rocking your vehicle to getit out:
First, turn your steeringwheel left and right. That will clear the area
around your front wheels. Then shift back and forthbetween “ R ’
(Reverse) and a forward gear, spinning the wheels as little aspossible.
Release the accelerator pedal
while you shift, and press lightly on the
accelerator pedal when the transaxle
is in gear. If that doesn’t get you out
after a few tries, you may need to be towed out. If you do need to be
towed out, see“Towing Your Vehicle” in the Index.
257
r
d
SERVICE AND APPEARANCE CARE
Here you will find information about the care of your Cadillac. This
section begins with service and fuel information, and then it shows how to
check important fluid and lubricant levels. There is also technical
information about your vehicle, and a section devoted to its appearance
care.
SERWCE
Your Cadillac dealer knows your vehicle best and wants you to be happy
with it. Wc hopc you’ll go to your dealer for all your service needs. You’ll
get genuine GM parts and GM-trained and supported
service people.
We hope you’ll want to keepyour GM vehicle all GM. GenuineGM parts
have one of these marks:
Doing Your Own Service Work
If you want to dosome of your own service work, you’ll want to get the
proper Cadillac Service Manual. It tells you much more abouthow to
service your Cadillac than this manual can. To order the properservice
manual, see “Service Publications’’ in the Index.
You should keep a recordwith all parts receipts and list the mileage and
the date of any service work you perform. See “Maintenance Record”in
the Index.
258
A CAUTION
You can be iqjnred if you try to do service work on a vehicle
without knowing enough about it.
Be sure you have sdlicient knowledge, experience, and the
proper replacement parts and tools before you attempt any
vehicle maintenance task,
r
@
Be sure to use the proper nuts, bolts and other fasteners.
“k@sh” and ccmetricm
fasteners can be easily eonffrsed. If
you use the m
n
gfasteners, parts can later break or fall off.
You could be hurt.
P
1_
!T-
I
FUEL
Use premium unleadedgasoline rated at 91 octane or higher. It should
meet specificationsASTM D4814 in the US. and CGSB 3.5-92 in
Canada. These fuels should have the proper additives,
so you should not
have to addanything to thefuel.
In theU.S. and Canada, it’s easy to be sureyou get the right kind of
gasoline (unleaded). You’ll see “UNLEADED” right on the pump. And
only unleaded nozzles will fit into your vehicle’s filler neck.
Be sure the posted octane
is at least91. If the octaneis less than 91, you
may get aheavy knocking noisewhen you drive. (In an emergency,you
may be able to uselower octane -- as low as 87 -- if heavy knocking does
not occur.) If you’re using 91 or higher octane unleadedgas and you still
get heavy knocking, your engine needs
service.
259
What about gasolinewith blending materials that containoxygen, such as
MTBE or alcohol?
MTBE is “methyl tertiary-butyl ether.”Fuel that is no more than15%
MTBE is fine for your car.
Ethanol is ethyl or grain alcohol. Properly-blended fuel that
is no more
than 10% ethanol is fine for your car.
Methanol is methyl or wood alcohol.
r
1
NOTICE:
Fuel that is more than 5% methanol is bad for your vehicle.
Don’t use it. It can corrode metal partsin your fuel systemand
also damage plastic and rubber parts. That damage wouldn’t be
covered under your warranty. Andeven at 5% or less, there must
be 6Ccosolvents”
and corrosion preventersin this fuel to help
avoid these Droblems.
Gasolines for Cleaner Air
Your use of gasoline with detergent additives will help prevent deposits
from formingin your engine and fuel system. That helps keep your
engine in tune andyour emission controlsystem working properly. It’s
good for yourvehicle, and you’ll be doing your part for cleaner air.
Many gasolines are now blended with materials called oxygenates.
General Motors recommends thatyou use gasolineswith these blending
materials, such asMTBE and ethanol. By doing so, you can help clean
the air, especiallyin those partsof the country that havehigh carbon
monoxide levels.
In addition, some gasoline suppliers now
are producing reformulated
gasolines. These gasolines are specially designed to reducevehicle
emissions. General Motors recommends thatyou use reformulated
gasoline. By doing so, you can help clean the air,especially in those parts
of the country that have high ozone levels.
You should ask your service station operatorsif their gasolines contain
detergents and oxygenates, and if they have been reformulated to reduce
vehicle emissions.
260
FUELS IN FOREIGN COUNTNES
If you plan ondriving in another country outside the U.S. or Canada,
unleaded fuel may be hard tofind. Do not use leaded gasoline.If you use
even one tankful, your emission controls won't
work well or atall. With
continuous use, spark plugs can get fouled, the exhaust
system can
corrode, and your engineoil can deteriorate quickly. Your vehicle's
oxygen sensor will be damaged.All of that means costly repairs that
wouldn't be coveredby your warranty.
To check on fuel availability, ask an auto club, or contact a majoroil
company that does businessin the country whereyou'll be driving.
You can also writeus at the following address for advice. Just tell us
where you're going andgive your Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).
General Motorsof Canada Ltd.
International Export Sales
EO. Box 828
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7N1, Canada
FILLING YOUR TANK
261
A CAUTION:
Gasoline vapor is highly flammable.It burns violently, and that
can cause very bad injuries. Don't smoke if you're near gasoline
p r refueling your vehicle. Keep sparks, flames, and smoking
;materials away from gasoline.
The cap is behind a hinged door on theleft side of your vehicle.
The release button is
in the glove box.
Or you can use the
manual door release
override in the trunk.
262
While refueling, hang
the capinside the fuel
door.
To take off the cap, turn it slowly to theleft (counterclockwise).
I
A CAUTION:
If you get gasoline onyou and then somethingignites it,you
on you if you
could be badly burned. Gasoline can spray out
open the fuel fillercap too quickly. This spray can happenif
your tank is nearly full, and
is more likely in hotweather. Open
the fuel fillercap slowly and wait for any “hiss” noise to stop.
Then unscrewtht ap all the 1 y.
When you put the capback on, turn it to theright until you hear a
clicking noise.
263
CHECKZNG TH%NGS UNDER THE HOOD
Hood Release
I
. ..
I
To open the hood,first pull the lever inside the vehicle located at the
lower left side of the instrument panel.
.I
..I
-
Then go the frontof the vehicle and release the secondary hood release
and lift the hood.
264
I
A CAUTION:
An electric fan under the
hood can start up and injure
you even
tools
when the engineis not running. Keep hands, clothing and
away from any underhood electric fan.
n
I
l1
'
i
I
A CAUTION:
Things that burn can
get on hot engine parts and start
fire.a
These include liquids like gasoline,
oil, coolant, brake fluid,
windshield washer and other fluids, and plastic rubber.
or
You
or otherscould be burned.Be careful not to drop
or spill things
that will burn ontoa hot engine.
Fluid Usage Label
R
q"
265
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
Use thefluid usage label to identify the correct fluid you want to check.
ENGINE OIL
It's a good idea to check your engine oil every time you get fuel. In order
to get an accurate
reading, the oil must be warm and thevehicle must be
on level ground.
-,
c
266
Turn off the engine and give the oil a few minutes to drain back into the
oil pan. If you don't, the oil dipstick might not show the actual level.
267
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
To Check Engine Oil:Pull out the dipstick and cleanit with a paper towel
or cloth, then push it back in all the way. Remove it again, keeping the tip
lower.
4.9 Liter
268
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
--
.....
. .
..
.
-
, -I .
When to Add Oil: If the oil is at orbelow the ADD line, then you’ll need
to add someoil. But you must use the right kind. This section explains
what kind of oil to use. For crankcase capacity, see “Capacities and
Specifications” in the Index.
269
To remove, turn the oil fill cap countcrclockwise.
Just fill it enough to put the level somewhere in thc proper operating
range. Push the dipstick a l l thc way back in when you're through.
270
What Kind of Oil to Use:
Look for threethings:
SG
“SG” must be on the oil container, eitherby itself or combined with
other quality designations, such as “SG/CC,” “SG/CD,” “SF,SG,CC,”
etc. These lettersshow American Petroleum Institute(API) levels of
quality.
271
RECOMMENDED SAE VISCOSITY GRADE ENGIHE OILS
FOR BEST FUEL E r - m 7 Y AND COLD STARTING, SELECT THE LOWEST
SAE VISCOSITY GLmwL w l l FOR THE EXPECTED TEMPERATURE RANGE.
HOT
vmim
"C
OF
+loo +80
-
[--I
+38
- - +27
- - +16
+40 - - + 4
+20 - - 7
+60
0
3
--
--la
I
SAE low-30
PREFERRED
SAE 5W-30
0
COLD
WEATHER
DO NOT USE SAE 1OW-40 GRADE OIL OR
ANY OTHER GRADE NOT RECOMMENDED
S A E 1OW-30
As shown in theviscosity chart, S A E low-30 is best for your vehicle.
However, you can useS A E 5W-30 if it's going to be colder than60°F
(16" C) before yournext oil change. Whenit's very cold, below 0°F
(-18OC), you should use SAE 5W-30.
These numbers on anoil container show its viscosity, or thickness. Do not
use otherviscosity oils such as SAE 1OW-40 or S A E 20W-50.
Energy Conserving I1
272
xu
-
Oils with these words on the containerwill help you save fuel.
This doughnut-shaped logo (symbol)
is used on most oil containers to
help you select the correct oil.
You should look for thison theoil container, and useonly those oils that
display the logo.
GM Goodwrench@oil (in Canada, GM Engine Oil) meetsall the
requirements for your vehicle.
Engine Oil Additives: Don’t add anything to your
oil. Your Cadillac
dealer is ready to advise if you think something should be added.
When to Change Engine Oil:Your vehicle is equipped with an engineoil
life index (EOLI) feature as part of the Driver Information Center
display (DIC). Oil change intervals are determined
by the EOLIand will
usually fall at, orbetween, the two recommended alternative intervals of
3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) and 7,500 miles (12,500 kilometers), but
could be shorter than3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) under somevery
severe driving conditionsshown in Schedule I. The system will also
indicate the need for an oil change
if 7,500 miles (12,500 kilometers) or
one year has passed.
Engine oil life remaining is displayed through engine data as the ‘OIL
LIFE INDEX’ andas a ‘CHANGE ENGINE OICmessage. The ‘OIL
LIFE INDEX’display includes a number between 0 and 100. This is the
percentage of oil life REMAINING based on driving conditions and
mileage driven since the last time
of the oil life indicator was reset. When
the remaining oil life is less than lo%, a ‘CHANGE OIL SOON’
message
will appear. Thisis a reminder to schedule an engineoil change. When
the oil life index reaches 0, the ‘CHANGE ENGINEOIC message will
appear. This indicates that no oil
life remains and the oil should be
the next 200 miles (320
changed as soon as possible, but certainly within
km).
The EOLI will not detect excessively dusty conditionsor engine
malfunctions which may effect the oil. If you drive in dusty areas, change
the engine oil afterevery 3,000 miles (5,000 kilometers) or 3 months
(whichever comes first), unless instructed
to doso sooner by the DIC.
On Northstar 4.6 Liter engine equipped vehicles a ‘CHECK OIL
LEVEE
message will appear whenever the oil level’s approximately one quartlow.
273
How To Reset the Oil Life Indicator: After the oil has been changed,
display the ‘OIL LIFE INDEX’ message by pressing the
‘INFORMATION’ button. Then press and
hold the ‘STORE/RECALL:
button until thedisplay shows ‘100’. This will reset the oil life index. The
message will remain OFF until the next oil change is needed. The
percentage of oil life remaining may be check at any item by pressing the
INFORMATION buttonseveral times until the ‘OIL LIFE INDEX’
message appears.
Engine Block Heater: An engine block heater can be a big help if you
have to park outside in very cold weather, 0 F (-18 C) or colder. If your
vehicle has this option, see “EngineBlock Heater” in the Index.
What to Do with Used Oil:
1
A CAUTION:
Used engine oil contains things thathave caused skin cancer in
laboratory animals. Don’t let used oil stay on your skin forvery - ‘J;
long. Clean your skin and nails with soap and water, or a good $1hand cleaner. Wash or properly throw away clothing or rags
- .:
containing used engineoil.
I
.
e
.
e
,
4
Used oil can be a real threat to the environment. If you change your own
oil, be sure to drain
all free-flowing oil from the filter before disposal.
Don’t ever dispose of oil by pouring it on the ground, intosewers, or into
streams orbodies of water. Instead,recycle it by taking it to a place that
collects used oil. If you have a problem properly disposing of your used
oil, ask your dealer, a service station or a local recycling center for help.
274
AIR CLEANER
I
....
t T 4.6 Liter (Northstar)
To gain access to the air cleaner element,loosen the four screws and lift
the top half of the air cleaner assembly.
Refer to the Maintenance Scheduleto determine when to replace the air
filter.
See "Scheduled Maintenance Services" i n the Index.
275
Operating the engine withthe aircleaner off can cause you or
others to be burned. The aircleaner not only cleans the air, it
stops flameif the engine backfires. If it isn’t there, and the
engine backfires,you could be burned. Don’t drive with it off,
and be carefbl workingon the enginewith the air cleaner off.
NOTICE:
__ the air cleaner is off, a backfire can cause a damaging engine
fire. And, dirt caneasily get into your engine,
which willdamage
Always have the aircleaner in placewhen you’re driving.
LC.
-..>..s.=-7.s..:::* <‘ .> ..:,
..,
.
- . .-.<.. .
*->.-*
~
~
...
~~
.
-.
, . - -.. .
.
. .. ~ .. .._ _ .. . =.
..
.
.
-
-
.-
~.-..
- -
~
..- -
-.-.ii-..
AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE FLUID
When to Checkand Change:
A good time to check your automatic transaxlefluid level is when the
engine oilis changed. Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine
when to change yourfluid. See “Scheduled MaintenanceServices” in the
Index.
How to Check
Because this operation canbe a little difficult,you may choose to have
this done at aCadillac dealershipService Department.
If you do it yourself, be sure
to follow all the instructions here,or you
could geta false readingon the dipstick.
276
I
1
NOTICE:
Wait at least 30 minutes before checking the transaxle fluid
level if you
have been driving:
0
When outside temperatures are above90°F (32°C).
At high speed for quite a while.
In heavy traffic -- especially in hot weather.
While pulling a trailer.
To get the right reading, the fluid should
be at normal operating
temperature, which is 180’F to 200°F (82°C to 93OC).
Get thevehicle warmedup by driving about 15 miles (24 km) when
outside temperatures are above50°F (10” C). If it’s colder than50’F
(10 C), you may have to drive longer.
To check the fluid level:
0 Park your vehicle on a level place.
0
Place the shift lever in “P” (Park) with the parking brake applied.
With your foot on the brake pedal,move the shift lever through each
gear range, pausing for about three seconds in each range. Then,
position the shift leverin “P” (Park).
0
Let the engine run at idle for three to
five minutes.
277
Then. without shuttinpoff the engine, follow these steps:
4.9 Liter
TLxn cap
counterclockwise to
unlock cap.
1. Pull out the dipstick and wipe it with a clean rag or papertowel.
278
2. Push it back inall the way, wait three seconds and then
pull it back out
again.
4.9 Liter
3. Check both sides of the dipstick, and readthe lower level. The fluid
level must be in the cross-hatched area.
4. If the fluid level is where it should be, push the
dipstick back in all the
way.
ip
il
How to Add Fluid:
Refer to the Maintenance Schedule to determine what of
kind
transaxle
fluid to use. See “RecommendedFluids and Lubricants”in the Index.
If the fluid level is low, add only enough of the properfluid to bring the
level into the cross-hatched area on the
dipstick. It doesn’t take much
fluid, generallyless than a pint.Don’t overfill. We recommend you use
only fluid labeled DEXRON@-IIE,because fluidswith that label are
279
made especially for your automatic transaxle. Damage caused
by fluid
other than DEXRON@-IIE
is not coveredby your new vehicle warranty.
After adding fluid, recheck thefluid level as described under “How to
Check.”
When the correctfluid level is obtained, push thedipstick back in all
the way.
How To Reset Transaxle Fluid Change Indicator: (4.6 Liter Northstar)
Your vehicle is equipped with a transaxle fluid change indicator. A
“CHANGE TRANS FLUID’’ message will display on the Information
Center when the power train computer determines that the transaxle
fluid needs to bechanged or at each100,000 miles (160,000 km) interval,
whichever occurs first. When this message appears, change the transaxle
fluid and resetthe transaxle fluid life indicator as follows:
0 Turn the key “ON” with the engine stopped.
Press and hold the “OFF” and “REAR DEFOG” buttons on the
“TRANS FLUID RESET”
climate control simultaneously until the
message appears in the Information Center (between5 and 20
seconds).
ENGINE COOLANT
The following explains your cooling system and how to add coolantwhen
it is low. If you have a problem with engine overheating, see “Engine
Overheating” in the Index.
The proper coolant for
your Cadillacwill:
Give freezing protection down to -34” F (-37”C) .
0 Give boiling protection upto 262OF (128O C) .
0
Protect against rust and corrosion.
Help keep the proper engine temperature.
Let the warning lightswork as they should.
What to Use:
Use a mixture of one-half clean water (preferably distilled)
and one-half
antifreeze that meets “GM Specification 1825-M,”
which won’t damage
aluminum parts. You can also use arecycled coolant conforming to GM
280
Specification 1825-M with a complete coolant flush andrefill. Use GM
Engine Coolant Supplement (sealer)with any complete coolant change.
If you use these,you don’t need to addanything else.
I
Adding only plain water to your cooling system can be
dangerous. Plain water, or some other liquid like alcohol, can
boil before the proper coolant mix will. Your vehicle’s cwlant
warning system is set for the proper coolant mix With plain
water or the wrong mix, your engine could get too hot but you
wouldn’t getthe overheat warning. Your engine could catch fire
and you or others could be burned. Use a 50/50 mix of dean
water and a proper anti€reeze,
281
Adding Coolant
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
TCICheck Coolant
(4.6L Northstar):
When your engine is
cold, the coolantlevel
should be at “FULL
COLD”, or a little
higher.
When your engine is warm and the “ENGINE COOLANT LOW”
message does not appear onthe Driver Information Center, coolantis at
the properfill level.
To Check Coolant:
When your engine is
cold, the coolantlevel
should be at “FULL
COLD,” ora little
higher. Whenyour
engine is warm, the
level should be up to
“FULL HOT,” or a
little higher.
To Add Coolant 4.9L: If you need more coolant,add the proper mix
the coolantrecoverv tank.
282
lhming the radiator pressure cap
when the engineand radiator
to blow out and
are hot canallow steam and scalding liquids
burn you badly. With the coolantrecovery tank, you will almost
never haveto add coolantat the radiator. Never turn the
radiator pressure cap-- even a little -- when the engine and-
Add coolant mix at the recovery tank, but becareful not to spill it.
I
.
You can be burned if you.spil1 coolant on hot engine parts.
Coolant contains ethyleneglycol, and itwill burn if t h i engine
To Add Coolant 4.6L (Northstar): If you need more coolant, add the
proper mix at the coolant surge tank.
~
’
,
CAUTION;
-
I.
..
. .’
..>T.,-r Irk.-..*-.3.5
,7-eeT+d:F
-
- .*
;,
i
.I
:
+.
.
--
e
‘
Turning the surge tank pressure cap when the engine and. +&
radiator arehot can allow steam and scalding liquids blow
to
cap
out and burn you badly. Never turn the surge tank pressure
-- en a little when the engine and radiator are hot.
--
You can be burned if you spill coolant on hot engine parts.
‘Coolant contains ethylene
glycol, and it will burn if the engine
.parts are hot enough. Don’t spill coolant ona hot engine.
To Check or Add Coolant: When the engine is cold, the coolant level
should be at “FULL COLD,’’ or a little higher. Remove the pressure cap
283
from me surge ram;
use a flashlight asnecessary to see into the tank. The
coolant level should be at orabove the seam inside the tank.
If you need more coolant, addthe proper mix.
RADIXTOR OR SURGE TANK PRESSURE
CAP
1
NOTICE:
Your radiator or surge tank capis a 15 psi (105 kPa)
pressure-type cap and mustbe tightly installed to prevent
coolant loss and possible engine damage from overheating.
Be
sure the arrowson the cap line up with the overflow tube on the
When you replace your radiator or surge tank pressure cap,AC@
an cap
is recommended.
THERMOSTAT
Engine coolant temperatureis controlled by a thermostatin the engine
coolant system. The thermostat stops theflow of coolant through the
radiator until the coolant reaches a preset temperature.
When you replace your thermostat,an AC@thermostat is recommended.
284
POWER STEERING FLUID
I
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
..
. ..'. .
How To Check Power SteeringFluid:
Unscrew the cap andwipe the dipstickwith a clean rag. Replace the cap
and completely tighten it.Then remove the cap again andlook at the
fluid level on the dipstick.
285
0
When the engine
compartment-is
hot, the level
should be at the
“HOT” mark.
0
When theengine
compartment is
cool, thelevel
should beat the
“FULL COLD”
mark.
What to Add
Refer to the MaintenanceSchedule to determinewhat kind of fluid to
use. See “Recommended Fluids and Lubricants”
in the Index.
286
WINDSHIELD WASHER FLUID
To Add:
Open the cap labeled
“WASHER FLUID
ONLY.” Add washer
fluid until the bottle is
full.
UTICL:
When using concentrated washer
fluid, follow the
manufacturer’s instructions for addingwater.
a
Don’t mix water with ready-to-use washer fluid. Water
ause the solutionto freezeand damageyour washer fluid
ank and other parts
of the washersystem. Also, watel
oesn’t clean as well as washerfluid.
ill your washer fluid tank
only 3/4 full when it’s verycold.
his allows for expansion,which could damage the tankif it
1s completely full.
0
I
Don’t use radia r antifreeze inYour washer systemand
mr Paint.
indshield was1 r. I an
287
HEADLIGHT WASHERFLUID
(EXPORT ONLY)
To Add:
Open the caplabeled
“WASHER FLUID
ONLY.” Add
windshield washer
fluid until the bottleis
full.
0
When using concentrated washerfluid, follow the
manufacturer instructions for adding
water.
0
Don’t mix water with ready to use washerfluid. ater e m
cause the solution to freeze
and damageyour washerfll
tank and other parts
of the washersystem. Also, water
doesn’t clean as well as washer fluid,
..
e Fill your washerfluid tank only 3/4 full when it’s very cold.
This allows for expansion,which could damage the tank
if it
is comnletely full.
Don’t us?radiator an1 *ee: in 1
cae $ahage y w r paint.
,
288
I
BRAKE M!XSTERCYLINDER
Your brake master cylinder is here. Itis filled with DOT-3 brake fluid.
4.9 Liter
4.6 Liter (Northstar)
There areonly two reasons why the brakefluid level in your master
cylinder might go down. The first is that the brakefluid goes down to an
acceptable level during normal brakelining wear. When new linings are
put in, the fluid level goes back up. The other reasonis that fluid is
leaking out of the brakesystem. If it is, you should have your brake
system fixed, since a leak means that sooneror lateryour brakeswon’t
work well, or won’t work at all. So, it isn’t a good idea to “top off” your
289
brake fluid. Adding brakefluid won’t correct a leak.If you add fluid when
your linings are worn, then you’ll have too much fluid when you get new
brake linings. You should add (or remove) brake fluid,as necessary, only
when work is done on the brake
hydraulic system.
A CAUTION:
If youhave too much brakefluid, it can spill on the engine. The
fluid will burn if the engine
is hot enough. You or others could
be burned, and your vehicle could be damaged.
Add brake fluid
only when workis done on the brake hydraulic system.
When your brakefluid falls to a low level, the “CHECK BRAKE
FLUID” message will display on theDriver Information Center and your
brake warning light will come on.See “BrakeSystem Warning Light” in
the Index.
To Check Brake Fluid- 4.9 Liter:
Remove the cap.
The fluid level must be
to the“MAX FILE
line at thebase of the
neck as shown.
To Check Brake Fluid - 4.6 Liter (Northstar):
You can check the brakefluid without taking off the cap. Just look at the
indicators on the brakefluid reservoir. The fluid levels should be above
“MIN.” If they aren’t, have your brake system checked to seeif there is a
leak.
After work is done on the brake
hydraulic system, make sure thelevel is
above “MIN” and orslightly below or at the “MAX” indicator.
What to Add:
When you do need brake fluid,use only DOT-3 brake fluid -- such as
Delco Supreme1la (GM Part No.1052535). Use new brake. fluid from a
sealed container only.
29 1
~~~~~~~~~
’OTICE:
-
I
DOT-5 silicone brake fluid can dam,,e your vehicle. Don’t
use it.
0
Don’t let someone put in the wrong kind of fluid. For
example, just a few drops of mineral-based oil, such a
engine oil, in your brake systemcan damage brakesv,
r~ r t so
s badly that they’ll have to
be replaced.
0
Brake fluid can damage pai
fluid on your vehicle.
so be careful not to spill brake
REPUCING BRAKE SYSTEMPARTS
The braking system on a modern vehicle is complex. Its many parts have
to beof top quality and work well together if the vehicle is to have really
good braking. Vehicles we design and test have top-quality GM brake
parts in them, asyour Cadillacdoes when it is new. When you replace
parts of your braking system -- for example, when your brake linings wear
down and you have to have new ones putin -- be sureyou get new
genuine GM replacement parts.If you don’t, your brakes may no longer
work properly. For example, if someone putsin brake linings that are
wrong for your vehicle, the balance betweenyour front and rear brakes
can change, forthe worse. The braking performanceyou’ve come to
expect can changein many other ways if someone putsin the wrong
replacement brake parts.
BATTERY
Every new Cadillac has a Delco Freedom@ battery.
You never have to
add water to one
of these. When it’s time for a new battery, we
recommend a Delco Freedom@ battery. Get one that
has the catalog
number shown on the original battery’s label.
Vehicle Storage
If you’re not goingto drive yourvehicle for 25 days or more, takeoff the
black, negative(-) cable from the battery. Thiswill help keep your battery
from runningdown.
FYou can be badly hurtif you aren’t careful.See “Juml
*kin the Index fortips on working arounda battery wit1
Contact your dealer to learn
how to prepareyour vehicle for longer
storage periods.
Battery Power Loss
If you lose battery power or the battery
is disconnected, yourcar’s
20 minutes todo it. If
computer must be programmed. It takes just over
you want to do ityourself, here’show:
Apply the parking brake.
Make sure the frontwheels are straight.
Turn off the Electronic Climate Control.
0
Start the enginein “P” (Park) and let it idle for 15 minutes. Then:
a
Put your foot on the brake pedal, shift the transaxle to and let it
idle for 3 minutes or more. Do not accelerate the engine. Then:
0
a
With the car in (Drive), turn the Electronic Climate Control to
“Auto” and let the engineidle for 3 minutes or more.
Turn your engine off.
Now your computer is programmed.
293
H L O G E N BULBS
I
LAUTION:
Halogen bulbs have pressurizedgas inside and can burst if you
drop or scratch the bulb.
You or others couldbe iniured. Take
handling and disposing of h
W
P HOUSINGS
Your Cadillac's lamp housings are designed with small vents so moisture
will be removed whenthe lights are on,or after driving for a short time.
HEADLIGHT BULB REMOVAL
The following procedurc tells you how to removc the halogen headlight
bulb. Follow either the EXPORT or DOMESTIC illustration that best
describes yourvehicle.
. 'V
To remove the cover,
turn lock tabs in the
direction of arrows
shown on thecover.
Lift the cover up to
gain access.
294
7
*
DOMESTIC - Turn the headlight housing socket counterclockwise
to
unlock socketfrom lamphousing.
EXPORT - Remove the rubber plugcover and remove plug.
n
n
DOMESTIC - Remove headlight housing socket.
EXPORT - Remove both retaininglock clips securing bulbassembly in
headlamp housing.
r
295
P -
DOMESTIC - Remove the wiring harness fromthe headlight housing
socket
EXPORT - Remove the headlight bulb and socket from the headlamp
assembly.
-
DOMESTIC Replace thebulb and socket and connect the wiring
harness. Reinstall the headlight housing socket into the headlamp
assembly.
EXPORT - Install new headlight bulb and socket into headlamp
assembly.
TAIILLIGHT BULB REPLACEMENT
Taillight bulb replacementis the same for either Eldorado or Eldorado
Touring Coupe.
1. Open the trunk to gain access to thetaillight housing.
2. Remove the plastic trim retainer screws and pull back the trim
material.
296
3. Remove me two
wing nuts.
4. Gently remove the
taillight housing.
!-
r
9.
297
CENTER HIGH MOUNTED STOP L M P
BULB REPLACEMENT
I
2. Twist the socket
(counterclockwise)
and remove the
socket and bulb
from the housing.
3. Replace the bulb.
Reverse the steps to reassemblethe stop lampassembly.
298
WIPER BLADE REPLACEMENT
Position the windshield wipers on the windshield in the “mid”wipe
position. To do this, turn the ignition key to Accessory and turn thewipers
on. Thenwith the door open, turn the
ignition key to off.
Start with the driver sidewiper blade assembly.
Using a small
screwdriver or your
finger, gently lift the
release lever up while
at the same time
pulling the blade
assembly from the
wiper arm.
I
Do the samewith the passenger side wiper blade assembly.
To install the wiper
blade, align the wiper
arm pin with the hole
on thewiper blade
assembly and snapit
into place.
The arrow on the
wiper blade is to point
toward the upper arm.
299
- :
If you only want to replace the
wiper insertsfollow these steps:
1. Disconnect the
wiper insertby
bending the end
of the insert
gently using
plyers. Then pull
it from the blade
housing retaining
tab.
2. Now pull the insert from the blade
housing.
3. Reinstall the new
insert by aligning
the bladehousing
tabs and the edge
of the insert.
Make sure that
the insertis
connected toall
the housing tabs.
4. Install thewiper blade assembly to thewiper arm.
Q
Loosen clamp at the
throttle body and
disconnect air duct
from the throttlebody.
301
Push the two tabs and
pivot the tophalf to
separate theair
302
Once you have
replaced the air
cleaner filter, reverse
the steps to reassemble
and install back into
your vehicle.
LOADING YOUR VEHICLE
TIRE-LOADING INFORMATION
VEHICLE CAP. WT.
OCCUPANTS
FRT.
CTR.
RR. TOTAL
LBS. KG
MAX. LOADING& GVWR SAME ASVEHICLE
CAPACITY
WEIGHT
XXX
COLD
TIRE
SPEED PRESSURE
TIRE SIZE
PS VKPa
RTG
FRT.
RR.
SPA.
IF TIRES ARE HOT. ADD 4PSV28KPa SEE
OWNER'S MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL
\INFORMATION
GEN GME
Two labels on your vehiclc show how much weight it may properly carry.
The Tire-Loading Informationlabel found on thedriver's door tells you
the proper size, speed rating and recommended inflation pressures for
the tires on yourvehicle. It also gives you important information about
the number of people that canbe in your vehicle and thc total weight that
303
you can carry. This weight is called the Vehicle Capacity Weight and
includes the weight of all occupants, cargo, and all nonfactory-installed
options.
MFD BY GENERAL MOTORS CORP
DATEGVWRGAWR
FRT GAWR RR
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO ALL APPLICABLE U.S. FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE
SAFETY, BUMPER, AND THEFT PREVENTIONSTANDARDSIN
EFFECT ON THE
DATE OF MANUFACTURE SHOWNABOVE.
GEN GME
\
I
The otherlabel is the Certification label, foundon the rear edge
of the
driver’s door. Ittells you the gross weight capacity of your vehicle, called
the GVWR(Gross Vehicle Weight Rating). The GVWRincludes the
weight of the vehicle, all occupants, fuel and cargo. Never exceed the
GVWR for your vehicle, or the GrossAxle Weight Rating (GAWR) for
either the front or rear
axle.
And, if you do have a heavy load, you should spread it out. Don’t carry
more than 185 lbs. (84 kg) in your trunk.
A CAUTION:
Do not load your vehicle any heavier
than the GVVVR or the
maximum front and rear GAWRs. If
you do, parts on your
vehicle can break, or
it can change theway yourvehicle handles.
These could causeyou to lose control. Also, overloading can
shorten the life of your vehicle.
304
If you put things inside yourvehicle -- like suitcases, tools, packages, or
anything else -- they will go as fast asthe vehicle goes. If you have to stop
or turnquickly, or if there is a crash, they’ll keep going.
I
A CAUTION:
Things you put inside yourvehicle can strike and injurepeople
or in a crash.
in a sudden stop or turn,
Put things in the trunkof your vehicle.
far forward as you can. Try to spread
In a trunk, put them as
the weight evenly.
Never stack heavier things, like suitcases, inside the
vehicle
so that some of them are above the tops of the seats.
When you carry something inside the vehic’
whenever you can.
,
~
~
~
re it
Don’t leave a seat folded down unless you need to.
TIRES
We don’t make tires. Your new vehicle comes with high quality tires made
by a leading tire manufacturer. These tires are warrantedby the tire
manufacturers and their warranties are
delivered with every new Cadillac.
If your spare tireis a different brand thanyour road tires, you will have a
tire warranty folderfrom eachof these manufacturers.
Inflation = Tire Pressure
The Tire-Loading Information labelwhich is located on the driver’s door
shows the correct inflation pressuresfor your tires, when they’re cold.
“Cold” means your vehicle has beensitting for atleast three hoursor
driven no more than a mile.
If you’ll be driving at speeds higher than 100 mph (160 km/h) where it is
legal, raise the“cold” inflation pressureof each tire to 35 psi (240 kPa).
When you end this very high speed driving, reduce the“cold” inflation
pressures to those listed on the Tire-Loading Information label. Never
inflate the tires higher than the maximum “cold” inflation pressures
stated on the sidewall of the tires.
306
When to Check Check your tires once a month or more.
The Eldoradotire pressures are:
0
Front - 28 psi (200 kPa)
Rear - 26 psi ( 179 kPa)
Recommended tire sizes are:
0 XGT4 Touring Design Blackwall or Whitewall (P225/60R16)
The ETC or (4.6L Sport Coupe)tire pressures are:
Front - 29 psi (200 kPa)
Rear - 29 psi (200 kPa)
307
Rust or dirt on a wheel, or on the parts to which it is fastened,
can make wheel nuts become loose afkr a time. T h e wheel could
come off and cause an accident. When you change a wheel,
remove any rust or dirt from places where the wheelattaches to
the vehicle. In an emergency, you can use a cloth or a paper
towel to do this; but be sure to use a scraper or wire brush later,
if you need lo, to get all the rust or dirt off. (See “Changing a
Flat Til .’Iin the Index.)
When It% Timefor New Tires
One way to tell when
it’s time for new tires is
to check the treadwear
indicators, which will
appear when your tires
have only 2/32 inch
(1.6 mm) or less of
tread remaining.
You need a new tire if:
0 You can see the indicators at three places around the tire.
0 You can see cord or fabric showing through the tire’s rubber.
0 The tread or sidewall is cracked, cut or snagged deep enough to
show
cord or fabric.
0 The tire has a bump, bulge or split.
The tire has a puncture, cut,or other damage that can’t be repaired
well because of the size or location of the damage.
309
Buying New Tires
To find out what kind and size of tires you need, look at the Tire-Loading
Information label.
The tires installed on your
vehicle when it was new had a Tire
Performance CriteriaSpecification (TPC Spec) number on each
tire’s
sidewall. When you get new tires, get oneswith that same TPC Spec
number. Thatway, your vehicle will continue tohave tires that are
designed to give proper endurance, handling, speed rating, traction, ride
and otherthings during normalservice on your vehicle. If your tireshave
an all-season treaddesign, the TPC numberwill be followed by a “MS”
(for mud and snow).
If you ever replaceyour tires with those nothaving a TPC Spec number,
make surethey are the samesize, load range, speed rating and
construction type (bias, bias-belted or radial)as your original tires.
A CAUTION:
Mixing tires could cause
you to lose controlwhile driving. If you
mix tires of different sizesor types (radial andbias-belted
tires), thevehicle may not handle properly, and you could havea
crash. Be sure to use the same size and
type tires on all four
wheels.
It’s all right to drive with your compact spare, though.
It was
developed for use on yourvehicle.
Uniform Tire Quality Grading
The following information relates to thesystem developed by the United
States NationalHighway Traffic Safety Administration which grades tires
by treadwear, traction and temperature performance. (This applies
only
to vehicles sold in the United States.)
Treadwear
The treadwear gradeis a comparative ratingbased on thewear rate of
the tire when tested under controlled conditions on
specified
a
150 would wear one
government test course. For example, a tire graded
and a half (1 1/2) times as well on the government course as a tire graded
100. The relative performanceof tires depends upon the actual
conditions of their use, however, and may depart significantly from the
norm due tovariations in driving habits, service practices and differences
in road characteristics and climate.
-
Traction A, B, C
The traction grades, from
highest to lowest are: A, B, and C. They
represent the tire’s ability to stop onwet pavement as measuredunder
controlled conditionson specified government test surfaces of asphalt
and concrete.A tire marked C may have poor traction performance.
Warning: The traction grade assigned to this tire is based on braking
(straight-ahead) traction tests and does not include cornering (turning)
traction.
Temperature - A, B, C
The temperature grades areA (the highest), B, and C, representing the
tire’s resistance to the generation of heat and its ability to dissipate heat
on a specified indoor laboratory
when tested under controlled conditions
test wheel. Sustained high temperature can cause the materialof the tire
to degenerate and reduce tirelife, and excessive temperature can lead to
sudden tire failure. The grade
C corresponds to alevel of performance
which all passenger car tires must meet under theFederal Motor Vehicle
Safety Standard No. 109. Grades B and A represent higher levels of
performance on the laboratory test
wheel than the minimum required by
law.
Warning: The temperature grade for
this tire is established for a tire that
is properly inflated and not overloaded.Excessive speed, underinflation,
or excessive loading, either separately orin combination, can cause heat
buildup and possible tire failure.
Those grades aremolded on the sidewalls of passenger car tires.
31 I
While the tires available as standard oroptional equipment on General
Motors vehicles may vary with respect to these grades,all such tires meet
General Motors performance standards
and have been approved for use
on General Motorsvehicles. All passenger type (P Metric) tires must
conform to Federal safety requirements in addition to these grades.
m e e l Alignment and Tire Balance
The wheels on your vehicle were aligned and balanced carefully at the
factory to give you the longest tire life and best overall performance.
In most cases, you will not need tohave your wheels aligned again.
However, if you notice unusual tire wear or your vehicle pulling one way
or the other,the alignment may need to be reset. If you notice your
vehicle vibrating when driving on a smooth road, your wheels may need
to be rebalanced.
Wheel Replacement
Replace any wheel that is bent, cracked or badly rusted. If wheel nuts
keep coming loose, the wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts should be
replaced. If the wheel leaks air out, replace it (except some aluminum
wheels, which can sometimes be repaired). Seeyour Cadillac dealer if any
of these conditions exist.
Your dealer will know the kind of wheel you need.
Each new wheel should have the same load carrying capacity, diameter,
width, offset, and be mounted the sameway as the one it replaces.
If you need toreplace any of your wheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts,
replace themonly with new GM original equipment parts. Thisway, you
will be sure tohave the right wheel, wheel bolts, and wheel nuts for your
Cadillac model.
312
‘1
CAUTION:
Using the wrong replacementwheels, wheel bolts, or wheel nuts
on your vehicle can be dangerous. It could affect the braking
and handling of your vehicle, make your tires lose air andmake
you lose control. You could have a collision in which you or
others could be injured.Always use the correctwheel, wheel
bolts, and wheel nuts for replacement.
Used Replacement Wheels
I
A CAUTION
Putting aused wheel on your vehicle is dangerous. You can’t
knowhow it’s been used or how many miles it’s been driven. It
could fail suddenIyand causean accident. If you haw II replace
a wheel use anew GM original
equipment
wheel.
~
3 13
I
I
I
I
UP
Tire Chains
u
APPEARANCE CARE
1
314
3 15
L
CLEANING THE INSIDE OF YOUR
Use a vacuum cleaner often
to get rid of dust and loose dirt.w i p e vinyl
with a clean, damp cloth.
Your Cadillac dealer has two GM cleaners -- a solvent-type spot lifterand
a foam-type powdered cleaner. They
will clean normal spots and stains
very well.
Here are somecleaning tips:
0
Always read the instructions on the cleaner label.
Clean up stains as soonas you can -- before they set.
0
Use a clean cloth or sponge, and changeto a clean area often. A soft
brush may be used if stains are stubborn.
Use solvent-type cleaners in a well-ventilated areaonly. If you use
them, don’t saturate the stained area.
0
If a ring forms after spot cleaning, clean the entirearea immediately
or it will set.
USING F O N = W P ECLEANER ON FMRIC
0
Vacuum and brush the area toremove any loose dirt.
Always clean a whole trim panel or section.Mask surrounding trim
along stitch or welt lines.
316
Mix Multi-Purpose Powdered Cleaner following the directions on the
container label.
Use suds only and apply with a clean sponge.
Don’t saturate the material.
Don’t rub it roughly.
As soon as you’ve cleaned the section, use a sponge to remove the
suds.
Rinse the section with a clean, wet sponge.
0
Wipe off what’s left with a slightly damp paper towel or cloth.
Then dry it immediately with an air hose, a hair dryeror a heat lamp.
Wipe with a clean cloth.
USING SOLVENT-TYPE CLEANER ON
FMRIC
First, see if you have to use solvent-type cleaner at all. Some spotsand
stains will clean off better with just water and mild soap.
If you need touse it, then:
0 Gently scrape excess soil from the trim material with a clean, dull
knife or scraper. Usevery little cleaner,light pressure and clean cloths
at the outsideof the
(preferably cheesecloth). Cleaning should start
stain, “feathering”toward the center. Keepchanging to a clean
section of the cloth.
0 When you clean a stain from fabric, immediately
dry the area with an
air hose, hair dryer,or heat lampto help prevent a cleaning
ring. (See
the previous NOTICE.)
317
S P E C I L CLEANIIING PROBLEMS
Greasy or Oily Stains:Like grease, oil, butter, margarine, shoe polish,
coffee with cream, chewing gum, cosmetic creams,vegetable oils, wax
crayon, tar and asphalt.
Carefully scrape off excess stain.
Then follow the solvent-type instructions c~b ove.
Shoe polish, wax crayon, tar and asphalt will stain if left on a vehicle
seat fabric. They should be removed as soon as possible. Be careful,
because the cleaner will dissolve them and may cause them to bleed.
Non-Greasy Stains: Like catsup, coffee (black), egg, fruit, fruit juice,
milk, soft drinks,wine, vomit, urine and blood.
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then sponge thesoiled area with cool
water.
0
If a stain remains, follow the foam-type instructions above.
If an odor lingers after cleaning vomit or urine, treat the areawith a
waterbaking soda solution: 1 teaspoon ( 5 ml) of baking soda to 1 cup
(250 ml) of lukewarm water.
Finally, if needed, clean lightly with solvent-type cleaner.
Combination Stains: Like candy, ice cream, mayonnaise, chili sauce and
unknown stains.
0
0
Carefully scrape off excess stain, then clean with cool water and allow
to dry.
If a stain remains, clean it with solvent-type cleaner.
CLEANING W M L OR LEATHER
Just use warm water and a cleancloth.
0
Rub with a clean, dampcloth to remove dirt. You may have to do it
more than once.
0
Things like tar, asphalt and shoe polish will stain if you don’t get them
off quickly. Use a clean cloth and solvent-typevinyl/leather cleaner.
318
CLEANING THE TOP OF THE
INSTRUMENT PANEL
Use only mild soap and water to clean the top surfaces
of the instrument
panel. Sprays containing silicones
or waxes may cause annoying
reflections in the windshield and even makeit difficult to see through the
windshield under certain conditions.
Care of Wood Panels
Use a cleancloth moistened in warm soapy water (use mild dish
washing soap). Dry the wood immediately with a clean cloth.
Wood surfaces can be polished using ordinaryhousehold furniture
on the
polishes. Applythe polish to aclean cloth, then rub the cloth
wood panel.
CARE OF SAFETYBELTS
Keep belts clean anddry.
A CAUTION:
Do not bleach ordye safety belts. If you do, it may severely
weaken them. In a crash they might notbe able to provide
adequate protection. Clean safetybelts only with mildsoap and
luE
varm
water.
GLASS
Glass should be cleaned often. GM Glass Cleaner (GM Part No.
1050427) or a liquid householdglass cleaner will remove normal tobacco
smoke and dustfilms.
Don’t use abrasive cleanerson glass, because theymay cause scratches.
Avoid placing decalson the inside rear window, since they may have to be
scraped off later. If abrasive cleaners are used on the inside of the rear
window, an electric defogger elementmay be damaged. Any temporary
license should not be attached across
the defogger grid.
319
CLEANING THE OUTSIDE OF THE
WINDSHIELD AND WIPER BLADES
If the windshield is not clear afterusing the windshield washer, or if the
wiper blade chatterswhen running, wax or other materialmay be on the
blade or windshield.
Clean the outsideof the windshield with GM Windshield Cleaner,
Bon-Ami Powder@(GM Part No. 105001I). The windshield is clean if
beads do not form when you rinse it with water.
Clean the bladeby wiping vigorously witha cloth soaked in full strength
windshield washer solvent.Then rinse the bladewith water.
on a regular basis and replaced when
Wiper blades should be checked
worn.
CLEANING THE OUTSIDEOF YOUR
CADILLAC
The paintfinish on your vehicle provides beauty, depthof color, gloss
retention and durability.
Washing Your Hhicle
The bestway to preserve yourvehicle’s finish is to keepit clean by
washing it often with lukewarm or cold water.
Don’t wash your vehicle in the direct rays of the sun. Don’t use strong
soaps orchemical detergents. Useliquid hand, dish or car washing
(non-detergent) soaps. Don’tuse cleaning agents that containacid or
abrasives. All cleaning agents should be flushed promptly and allowed
not
to dry on the surface, or they could stain.Dry the finish with a soft, clean
chamois or a 100% cotton towel to avoid surface scratches and water
spotting.
High pressurevehicle washes may cause waterto enteryour vehicle.
320
Finish Care
Occasional waxing or mild polishing of your Cadillacmay be necessaryto
remove residue from the paint finish.
You can get GM approved cleaning
products from your dealer. (See “Appearance Care and Materials” in the
Index.)
Your Cadillac has a “basecoatlclearcoat” paint
finish. The clearcoatgives
more depth andgloss to the colored basecoat.
-achine compounding or aggressive poli
1.
I
ALUMINUM W m E L S
Don’t usechrome polish on your aluminum wheels.Use wax after you
clean them. Also, don’t use abrasive cleaners or cleaning brushes
on them
-- you could damage the protective coating.
WEATHERSTRIPS
‘These are places where glass or metal meets rubber. Silicone grease
there
will make them last longer, seal better, and not squeak.
Apply silicone
grease with a clean cloth at least
every six months.
321
S H E E T M E T L DAIMAGE
If your vehicle is damaged and requires sheet metal repair or
replacement, make sure the
body repair shop applies anti-corrosion
material to the parts repaired or replaced to restore corrosion protection.
FOREIGNMATERIAL
Calcium chloride and other salts,ice melting agents, roadoil and tar, tree
sap, bird droppings, chemicals from industrial
chimneys, and other
foreign matter can damage your
vehicle’s finish if they remain on painted
surfaces. Use cleaners that are marked safe for painted surfaces for these
stains.
FINISH DAiUAGE
Any stone chips, fracturesor deepscratches in the finish should be
repaired right away. Bare metalwill corrode quickly and may develop
into a major repair expense.
Minor chips and scratches can be repaired
with touch-up materials
available from your dealer or
other service outlets. Larger areasof finish
damage canbe corrected in your dealer’sbody and paint shop.
UNDERBODYMMNTENANCE
Chemicals used forice and snow removal and dust control can collect
on
the underbody. If these arenot removed, accelerated corrosion (rust) can
occur on theunderbody parts such as fuel lines, frame, floor pan, and
exhaust system even though they have corrosion protection.
At least every spring, flush these materials from the underbody
with plain
water. Clean any areas where mud and
other debris cancollect. Dirt
packed in closed areasof the frame should be loosened before being
flushed. Your dealer or an underbody
vehicle washing system can do this
for you.
322
CHEMICAL PMNT SPOTTING
Some weather and atmospheric conditions can create
a chemical fallout.
Airborne pollutants canfall upon and attack painted surfaces on your
vehicle. This damage can taketwo forms: blotchy, ringlet-shaped
discolorations, and small irregular dark spots etched into the paint
surface.
Although no defect in the paint job causes this, Cadillac
will repair, at no
charge to theowner, the surfaces of new vehicles damaged by this fallout
condition within12 months or12,000 miles (20 000 km) of purchase,
whichever comes first.
323
GM PART
NUMBER
SIZE
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
WINDSHIELD WASHING SYSTEM
AND GAS LINE
32 OZ. (0.946L)
WASHER
SOLVENT
AND
GAS
1051516
I
I
1050017
POWER STEERING
1052277
WEATHER STRIPS-STOPS SQUEAKS
ON METAL-TO-METAL AND
METAL-TO-RUBBER CONTACT
1050172
I
16 OZ. (0.473L)
I
TAR AND ROAD OIL REMOVER
I
CHROME CLEANER AND
POLISH
I
REMOVES OLD WAXES, POLISHES,
TAR AND ROAD OIL
' REMOVES RUST AND CORROSION
ON CHROME AND STAINLESS
STEEL
CLEANS WHITE AND BLACK TIRES
WHITE SIDEWALL TIRE
SPOT AND STAIN REMOVALON
LEATHER OR VINYL
SPOT AND STAIN REMOVALON
CLOTH AND FABRIC
I
1050427
1050429
I
23 OZ.(0.680L)
I
GLASS CLEANER
II
6 LB. (2.72KG)
I
CLEANS VINYL AND CLOTHON
DOOR TRIM, SEATS, AND
CARPET-ALSO. TIRES AND MATS
MULTI-PURPOSE POWDERED
CLEANER
Of.(0.354LUBRICATE
L)
(WHITE
GREASE)
105234912
GLASS CLEANING AND SPOT
CLEANING ON VINYLS
GREASE FOR HOOD, TRUNKAND
DOOR HINGES AND LATCHES
1050729
8 OZ.(0.237L)
VINYL TOP CLEANER
CLEANING OF VINYL TOPS
1052870
16 OZ.(0.473L)
WASH-WAX (CONC.)
EXTERIOR WASH
1051398
8 OZ.(0.237
SPOT
L)LIFTER
9985286
1
1052367
GM OPTIKLEEN
WINDSHIELD WASHER SOLVENT
AND ANTI-FREEZE
16 OZ.(0.473L)
MAGIC MIRROR
CLEANER
POLISH
EXTERIOR CLEANER AND POLISH
32 OZ.(0.946L)
DEXRONQ IIE
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION
OZ.(0.946L)
105151532
I
SPOT AND STAIN REMOVALON
CLOTH AND FABRIC
I
16 OZ.(0.473L)
I
GM ENGINE OIL
(E.0.S.I
SUPPLEMENT
I
YEAR ROUND COOLANT AND
ANTI-FREEZE
1 GAL. (3.785
PERMANENT
L)
TYPE
1052753
SEE YOUR DEALER FOR SPECIFIC
USAGE
ANTI-FREEZE COOLANT
REAR AXLE
REAR AXLE
I
I
16 OZ.(0.473L)
DELCO-SUPREMEII BRAKE
I FLUID
324
1
BRAKE FLUID
VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER
l11111 I1111111111
Im"l
IIIIII1111I
lG6EL12BXPU600001
1 G 6
EL 1 2 B X P U 6 0 0 0 0 1
T
NATION OF
ORIGIN
1 = USA
MANUFACTURER
= GENERAL
MOTORS
1
PRODUCTION
SEQUENCE
NUMBER
ASSEMBLY PLANT
U = HAMTRAMCK,MICH.
G
MAKE
A
-
6 = CADILIA
CARLINEEERIE!
EL = ELDORADO
MODEL YEAR
P = 1993
- CHECK DIGIT
VIN BODY CODE = BODY TYPE
1 = 57 COUPE 2 DOOR
- ENGINECODE
B = 4.9 LITER (200 HP)
Y = 4.6 LITER (270HP)
9 = 4.6LITER (295 HP)
- RESTRAINTSYSTEM:
2
-
325
ACTIVE (MANUAL) BELTS WITH DRIVER AND
PASSENGERS INFLATABLE RESTRAINT SYSTEM
This is the legal identifier for yourCadillac. It appears on a plate
in the
front corner of the instrument panel,on the driver’s side. You can see it if
you look through thewindshield from outside yourvehicle. The VIN also
appears on theVehicle Certification and Service Parts labels and the
certificates of title and registration.
Engine Identificution
The eighth characterin your VIN is the engine code for yourGM engine.
This codewill help you identify your engine, specifications, and
replacement partsin this section.
SERWCE PARTS IDENTIFICATION LABEL
You’ll find this label on the spare tire
cover. It’s very helpful if you ever
need to order parts. On
this label is:
Your VIN.
Its model designation.
A list of all production options andspecial equipment.
Be sure thatthis labelis not removed from thevehicle.
ADD-ON ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
-
NOT1
Don’t add ythlllg electrical to your Cadillac unless you chec’with your aealer first. Some electrical equipment can damage
your vehicleand the damage wouldn’t be covered
by your
warranty. Some ofit can just keep other things from workingas
they should.
326
r
T
ri
Retained Accessory Power
When you stop your Cadillac andturn thekey to Off, you can use these
accessories for10 more minutes:
0 Radio
0 Power Windows
0
0
Astroroof
WindshieldWipers
If you open a door,everything will go off.And, after 10 minutes
everything will go off, also.
If you want power foranother 10 minutes, just turnthe key to Run and
then back to Off.
FUSES AND CIRCUIT B R E D R S
‘I
-I
!-
The wiring circuits in your vehicle are protected from short
circuits by a
combination of Mini Fuses, Circuit Breakers, andMaxi Fuses. This
greatly reducesthe chanceof fires causedby electrical problems.
If you have a problemon the road and
don’t have a spare fuse,
you can
“borrow” oneof the samevalue. Select afeature thatyou can get along
without that is the samevalue you need -- like the radio or cigarette
sure touse a fusewith the same amperage
lighter -- and use its fuse. Be
rating number on it (ie.
lOA, 20A, etc.) Replaceit as soon asyou can.
There is a fuse
removal tool and some
spare mini fuses in the
glove boxdoor, justlift
the cover up.
1
!-
327
Engine Compartment Fuse Block
To gain access, lift the
cover.
I
Maxi FuseslRelay Center
The maxi fuse and relays are located next to the engine compartment fuse
block. If a maxi fuse shouldblow, have your vehicleserviced by your
Cadillac dealer immediately.
328
SENSE
1 n r V c - I
SUSPENSION RTD
(BAT)
DRL B
I
I
I
mc
I
m
HDLP
L
LO
R HDLP
LO
HDLP
L
HI
R HDLP
HI
I
1
COOL FAN
TRANS/ECS
-1
FUSE CENTER IDENTIFICATION
I
ENGINE COMPARTMENT FUSE BLOCK
COIL 20A
- 4.9L DISTRIBUTOR
- 4.6L IGNITION CONTROL MODULE
DRL 1OA (CANADA)
- DAYTIME RUNNING LIGHTS
DRL 1OA (CANADA)
SIR 20A
- DAYTIME RUNNING LIGHTS
- DIAGNOSTIC ENERGY RESERVE MODULE SUSPENSION 10A
(DERM) SIR (AIR BAG)
- ROAD SENSING SUSPENSION
- ARMING SENSOR
(NORTHSTAR)
PCM (IGN) 10A
- SPEED SENSITIVE SUSPENSION (4.9L)
- POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM) RTD (BAT) 20A
- PASSKeyB DECODER MODULE
- ROAD SENSING SUSPENSION
INJ 10A
L HDLP LO 1OA (EXPORT)
- FUEL INJECTORS 1 , 4 , 6 , 7
- LEFT HEADLAMP LOW BEAM
INJ 10A
R HDLP LO 1OA (EXPORT)
- FUEL INJECTORS2,3,5,8
- RT HEADLAMP LOW BEAM
IGN 10A
L HDLP HI 10A (EXPORT)
- A/C COMPRESSOR
LEFT HEADLAMP HIGH BEAM
- ELECTROCHROMICMIRROR
R HDLP HI (EXPORT)
- INSTRUMENT PANEL CLUSTER
RIGHT HEADLAMP HIGH BEAM
- DIAGNOSTIC ENERGY RESERVE MODULE IGN
3 10A
(DERM) SIR (AIR BAG)
- HEATED WINDSHIELD
- KEYLESS ENTRY MODULE
- HEATER AND A/C PROGRAMMER
- CORNERING LIGHTS
- ELECT. LEVEL CONTROL (ELC)
- CHIME MODULE
- DEFOGGER RELAY “D”
- TWILIGHT SENTINEVDRL MODULE
- CRUISE CONTROL
- BACKUP LIGHTS
- BRAKE TRANSMISSION SHIFT INTERLOCK - POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE
COOLING FAN 10A
FUEL 20A
- COOLING FANS
- FUELPUMP
- POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (4.6L)
- POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE
- FRONT AND REAR HEATED OXYGEN
PCM (BAT) 10A
SENSOR (4.6L)
- POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM)
TRANS/ECS 1OA
A/C 1OA
- EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION (EGR)
- A/C COMPRESSOR
SOLENOID
HTD W/S 10A
- POWERTRAIN CONTROL MODULE (PCM)
- HEATED WINDSHIELD
- AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE
STOP LP 20A
- EVAPORATIVE EMISSION CONTROL
- STOP LIGHTS
SOLENOID
TURN/HAZ 20A
- HAZARD LIGHTS
- OVERSPEED ALERT MODULE (EXPORT)
- TURN SIGNAL LIGHTS
- POWER STEERING PRESSURE SWITCH
329
I
50A
m
5
5
LH MAXI8 FUSE BLOCK
FUSE 1 (50 AMP)
- RETAINEDACCESSORYPOWER
(RADIO/WIPERS)
- STARTER
- TRUNK COMR FUSE A i 1
ENGINE COMF! FUSES Ai, A3, A5, A7, A9,
All,A13
FUSE 2 (60 AMP)
U.S.A./CANADA Z49/SAUDI
- TRUNK COMP FUSES C1,C3, C5, C7, C9, C i l
- ROADSENSINGSUSPENSION
FUSE 2 EXPORT EXCEPT SAUDI(60 AMP)
- ROADSENSINGSUSPENSION
- REAR FOGLIGHT (EXPORT)
- TRUNK COMP FUSES C1, C 3 , C5, C7, C9,
C11, C13
CIRCUIT BREAKER 3 (30 AMP)
- FUELDOORRELEASE
TRUNKRELEASE
- LEFT AND RIGHT POWERSEAT
- LEFT AND RIGHT LUMBAR CONTROL
- KEYLESSENTRYMODULE
POWERDOORLOCKS
- HORNS
FUSE 4 (30 AMP)
- POWERTRAINCONTROLMODULE(PCM)
ELECTRONICCLIMATECONTROL
RAP/ILLUMINATEDENTRY MODULE
- INSTRUMENTPANELCLUSTER
- PASSKeyBDECODERMODULE
- THEFT DETERRENT
-
-
330
FUSE 5 (60 AMP)
- LEFT AND RIGHT HEATED SEATS
- ELECTRONICLEVELCONTROL(ELC)
- TRUNKLIDPULLDOWN
- POWERANTENNA
- REAR
DEFOGGER
LEFTANDRIGHTMIRRORDEFOGGERS
FUSE 6 (60 AMP)
- RETAINEDACCESSORYPOWER
(SUNROOF/POWER WINDOWS)
- ENGINE COMF! FUSES C7, D l , D3, D5
TRUNK COMF! FUSES A l , A3, A5, A7
-
RH MAXIB FUSE BLOCK
FUSE 1 (40 AMP)
TURN/HAZ STOPLP
- PARKLIGHTS
FUSE 2 (30 AMP)
- DELCO-BOSEG SPEAKERS
- RADIOCONTROLHEAD
- REMOTERADIORECEIVER
CIRCUIT BREAKER 3 (30 AMP)
- FLASH TOPASSFEATURE
- DAYTIMERUNNINGLIGHT(DRL)
HEADLIGHTS
FUSE 4 (40 AMP) HAVAC BLOWER
HVACPOWERMODULE
- AJC COMPRESSOR
FUSE 5 (50 AMP) ABS
- ANTILOCKBRAKEPRESSUREVALVE
FUSE 6 (50 AMP) COOLING FANS
- COOLING FANS
-
-
I
Rear Compartment Fuse Block
Pull the cover off to
gain access.
33 1
1-1
WIPER
(IGN)
RAD
REAR FOG
L
L PRK
LP
R DEFOG
IBATT)
MlRR
THEFT
IPC
HTD
LP
FOG
BI
BI
,
CIGAR
CNSL
FAN
R PRK
LP
RAD
(BAT)
I .
7
'
m m
TRUNK COMPARTMENT FUSE BLOCK
CRANK 10A
- RAPhLLUMINATEDENTRYMODULE
- DIAGNOSTIC ENERGYRESERVEMODULE
(DERM)
- STARTER
ION 1 10A
- CATALYTICCONVERTERALARM MODULE
(EXPORTI
- FUEL-LEVEL SENSOR
- ELECTROCHROMICMIRROR
- THEFT DETERRENT MODULE
- KEYLESSENTRYMODULE
- TURN SIGNAL LIGHTS
- RAP/ILLUMINATEDENTRYMODULE
HDLP WASH 30A (EXPORT)
- HEADLIGHT WASHER MODULE
IPC (IGN) 10A
- INSTRUMENT PANELCLUSTER
CNSL SW 10A
- REAR BLOWERMOTOR
- CONSOLESWITCH
ABS 1OA
- ELECTRONIC BRAKE CONTROL MODULE (4.9L)
- ELECTRONIC BRAKE AND TRACTION CONTROL
MODULE (NORTHSTAR)
WIPER 30A
WIPERhVASHERSWITCH
RAD (IGN) 1OA
- REMOTERADIORECEIVER
R DEFOG 30A
- REARDEFOGGER
HTD MlRR 10A
- RIGHT AND LEFT POWER MIRROR-DEFOGGER
IPC (BATT) 1OA
- INSTRUMENTPANELCLUSTER
THEFT 10A
- PASS-Key@ DECODERMODULE
- THEFTDETERRENTRELAY
- THEFTDETERRENTMODULE
HVACIDABIE 10A
- HEATER AND A/C PROGRAMMER
RAP/ILLUMINATEDENTRYMODULE
REAR FOG 10A (EXPORT)
REAR FOG LIGHTS
FOG LP 1OA (4.6L)
- FOGLIGHTS
CNSL FAN 1OA
- REARBLOWERMOTOR
-
-
CIGAR 20A
REAR CIGAR LIGHTERS-SEVILLE ONLY
- FRONTCIGARLIGHTER
- CHIMEMODULE
BODY 2 10A
- POWERMIRRORSWITCH
- RETAINEDACCESSORYPOWER
- TRUNKLIGHT
- CONSOLESWITCH
- PANEL LIGHTS INHIBIT (EXPORT)
- COURTESYLIGHTS
- KEYLESSENTRYMODULE
BODY 1 10A
- POWERDOORLOCKS
- DOOR LOCK CYLINDER ILLUMINATION
- GLOVEBOXLIGHT
- FOOTWELLLIGHTS
- TWILIGHT SENTINEUDRL MODULE
- HEADLIGHTSWITCH
READ LP 10A
- LEFT AND RIGHT VANITY MIRRORS
- GARAGEDOOROPENER
- FRONT AND REAR HEADER LIGHTS
L PRK LP 1OA
- RADIODIMMING
- HEADLIGHTSWITCH
- INSTRUMENTPANELCLUSTER
- LEFTTAIL/STOP/TURNLIGHTS
- LEFTMARKERLIGHT
- LEFTPARWTURNLIGHT
R PRK LP 10A
- RIGHT MARKER LIGHTS - LICENSE LIGHTS
- RIGHT PARWURN LIGHT
- ENGINECOMPARTMENTLIGHT
- RIGHTTAlL/STOP/TURNLIGHTS
RAD (BAT) 1OA
- REMOTERADIORECEIVER
- RADIO CONTROL HEAD
ANTDRUNK 20A
- TRUNK PULL DOWN
- POWERANTENNA
ELC 20A
- ELECTRONICLEVELCONTROL
R HTD SEAT 10A
PASSENGERSHEATEDSEAT
L HTD SEAT 10A
- DRIVERSHEATEDSEAT
-
-
332
Headlights
The headlight wiring is protected by a circuit breakerin the light switch.
An electrical overload will cause the lights to go on and off, or in some
cases to remain off. If this happens, have your headlight wiring checked
right away.
Windshield Wipers
The windshield wiper motoris protected by a circuit breaker anda fuse.
If the motor overheats due to
heavy snow, etc., the wiperwill stop until
the motorcools. If the overload is caused by some electrical problem and
not snow, etc., be sureto get it fixed.
Power Windows and Other Power Options
Circuit breakersin the fuse panel protectthe power windows and other
power accessories. When thecurrent load is too heavy, the circuit breaker
opens and closes, protecting the circuit until the problem
is fixed or goes
away.
BULB C H M T
DESCRIPTION
BULB NO.
Ash Tray Illumination ..................................
1445
Backup Lights. ........................................
2057
Cornering Light ...................................
1156 DC7
CourtesyReadingLight .................................
168
FogLight ..............................................
886
Glove Compartment Light ...............................
194
Headlights Composite
-Inner High Beam ................................
9005 HB3
9006 HB4
-Outer Low Beam ................................
- E x p o r t B u l b . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H4
Illumination Entry Lock Lamp ............................
192
194
Instrument Panel Illumination ............................
Instrument Panel Telltales ................................
194
333
LicensePlate Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Park and Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2357 NA
Rear Fog/Back-Up Light (Export) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P21/5W
Side Marker Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2057 NA
Stop/Tail/Turn Signal (Export) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .P21/5W
Trunk Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1003
Underhood Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561
Vanity Mirror Illumination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
NOR2MAL M U N T E N m C E REPLACEMENT
P M T S (4.9 LITER ENGINE)
Air Cleaner Element ........................
AC Type A1096C2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25096932
Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78A-72
AC Type GF-581
Fuel Filter Element ..........................
................................................ 25121468
Engine Oil Filter .............................
AC Type PF-45
................................................ 25010324
PCV Valve ................................
AC Type CV-774C
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6487779
Spark Plugs ..................................
AC Type 41-902
.................................................
5614235
3528110
Serpentine Drive Belt ...............................
Radiator Cap ................................
AC Type RC 27
.................................................
6410427
Thermostat ........................................
3528974
Upper Radiator Hose ...............................
1640746
1641712
Lower Radiator Hose ...............................
8651909
TransFilter ........................................
8668028
TransPanGasket ...................................
334
NORMAL 2MAINTENANCE REPLACEMENT
PARTS (4.6 LITER NORTHSTAR)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .AC Type Sl096C
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25096932
78A-72
Battery .............................................
Air Cleaner Element
.................................................
1981590
Fuel Filter Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type GF-580
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25121468
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type PF-58
................................................
25014377
PCV Valve .................................
AC Type CV-774C
Engine Oil Filter
................................................
06487779
Spark Plugs ..................................
AC Type 41-900
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5614236
Serpentine Drive Belt ...............................
3530814
Surge Tank Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type RC 33
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6410665
Thermostat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AC Type 131-66
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3531407
Upper Radiator Hose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3521504
Lower Radiator Hose ...............................
3521505
Trans Screen Rt . Scavenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8679416
Trans Screen Lt. Scavenger . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8680700
Trans Pan Screws (16) ...............................
8682650
TransPanGasket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8681197
335
SPECIFICATIONS
4.6L 32 Valve (DOHC) Northstar Engine
The engineis a 4.6 liter (27Y cu.in.) 903 V-8 featuring Dual Overhead
Cam (DOHC), 32 valve, and sequential port fuel injection. This design
results in a powerful, refined engine which is well suited to even the most
demanding driving conditions.
Engine weight is minimized by the use of low mass alloy materials. The
crankcase, cylinder heads and oil pan are made from
cast aluminum. The
induction system housing, cam covers and oil filter adapter arecast
magnesium. The reducedengine mass enhances vehicle handling and
responsiveness.
336
The Northstar engineis designed to require less maintenance than many
other DOHC V-8 engines. Engine systems are designed to remind the
driver when service is required. Anoil life index indicator monitors
ongoing operating conditions and reminds the driver
when an oil change
is needed. A low coolant warning message keeps track of the level of this
vital fluid. Direct actinghydraulic tappets provide maintenance free zero
lash operation of the 32 valves from idle to the 6500 rpm redline. The
camshafts are driven by a two stage roller chainassembly which is
designed to provide quiet maintenance free operation. Platinum
tipped
spark plugs increase the replacement interval to 100,000 miles.
The fourvalve per cylinder design provides more efficient engine
breathing which results in higher power than comparable two valve
engines. The centrallocation of each sparkplug ensures a fast and
complete burningof the fuel/air mixture.The induction system uses
smooth thermoplastic tubes to channel air into the
cylinders. The
smoothness of the tubes is equivalent to the elaborate portpolishing
methods used for race car engines. Carefuldesign using the shape and
length of the tubesboosts horsepower by using sonic pressurewaves
created by the motionof the inlet valves to increase the amountof air
entering eachcylinder.
The Northstar engineis also designed to be very durable. Thealuminum
block has cast-in-place iron cylinder liners forgreater wearresistance.
High strength forged steel connecting rods support the free floating
piston pins in bronze bushings for superiorhigh speed performance. The
fillits of the nodulariron crankshaft undergoa high pressure compression
rolling operation toimprove their resistanceto fatigue.
Quiet operation is enhanced by the use of special materials anddesigns.
The front cover of the engineis stamped from laminatedsteel which
damps out noise. Special cam cover gasket seals isolatevalve train
operation. The fuel injectors are placed inside the induction system
housing to eliminate theclicking noise which is common to otherfuel
injected engines.
The Northstar engineis designed to provide years of efficient, reliable,
satisfying operation. We think it is also justplain fun to drive.
337
4.9 LITER ENGINE
. ..
.
I
A
The 4.9 Liter transverse engine is an overhead valve, 90 degree V-8
design. The cylinder bore diameter and thepiston stroke provide a piston
displacement of 4.9 liters (300 cubic inches).
This engineutilizes an aluminum crankcase with a separate aluminum
lifter carrier andremovable cast iron cylinder liners. The cylinder heads
are made of cast iron and feature integral valve seats and guides. The cast
nodular iron crankshaftis supported atfive main bearing journals by cast
iron main bearing caps and shell type steel-backed aluminum inserts. The
center main bearing is the thrust bearing.
335
The cast aluminum pistons use
two compression rings and oneoil control
ring. The pistons are tin plated toprovide a non-scuffing surface when
the engineis new.
A steel camshaftis supported by five steel backed babbit bearings.It is
driven by the crankshaft through a chain at the front
of the engine. The
drive gear is keyed to the crankshaft and the
driven sprocketis bolted to
the camshaft. Both the crankshaft gear and
camshaft sprocket have
locating marksto provide the correctvalve timing and timing chain
installation. The valve lifters are roller hydraulic type andare positioned
in the aluminum lifter carrier.
4T80-E Transaxle (ETC) & 4.6 L Sport Coupe (270 hp)
The 4T80-E transaxle has been designed to complement the output
characteristics of the Northstar engine. The
innovative design
incorporates several featureswhich enhance its overall operation.
339
This transaxleis the first of a new generation of “SMART” transmissions.
The computerwhich controls the electronic shift solenoids adapts to
changing environmentswhile you drive. This provides consistent
high
quality shifts underall conditions. Communication between the engine
and transaxle through this computer controls engine output during
activation of torque management or traction control. Smooth shifting
is
ensured by design. Hydraulic accumulators control shift pressures and
all
shifts are made to free
wheeling elements.
The 4T80E uses adry sump lubrication system with a scavenger pump.
This unique feature enables the transaxle to maintain adequate
pressurized oil supply during all maneuvers.
Spirited performancewith very efficient cruising operationare provided
by the combinationof 4 speed overdrive gearing, torque
a
converter
clutch, and a3.71:l or 3.11:l final drive ratio.
4T60-E Transaxle (4.9 L Eldoradu)
340
The Hydra-matic 4T60-E 4-speed overdrive, electronic transaxleconsists
primarily of a five element torque converter:two planetary gear sets,
various clutches,final drive assembly, differential assembly, and a control
valve body.
The torque converterhouses a pump, turbine, pressure plate
which is
splined to the turbine, and a stator
assembly, serving as afluid coupling, it
smoothly transmits power from the engine to transaxle.
the
It also
hydraulically provides additional torquewhen required. When applied,
the pressure plateprovides a mechanical directdrive coupling of the
engine to thetransaxle.
The two planetary gear setsprovide the four forward gear ratios and
reverse. Changing of the gear ratiosis fully automatic and is
accomplished through theuse of various electronicand mechanical
requirements. Four multipledisc clutches, two roller clutches, a sprag
clutch, and three bands provide thefriction elements required to obtain
the various ratioswith the planetary gear sets.
A hydraulic system (the controlvalve body), pressurized by a vein type
pump provides the working pressure needed to operate the
friction
elements and automaticcontrols.
341
Front Suspension
Your fully independent frontsuspension is a combination strut and spring
design. The frame is isolated from the body with six rubber mounts.
Rubber bushings are used at the lower control arm pivots. Thc upper end
of the strut is isolated by a rubber mountwhich contains a bearing to
allow for wheel turning. The Road Sensing Suspension on the 4.6 Liter
(Northstar) and the Speed Sensing Suspension on 4.9 Liter will
automatically controlsthe damping rate of the struts.
The lower end of the steeringknuckle pivots on a ball joint riveted to the
control arm. The ball joint is connected to the steering knuckle with a
castellated nut and cotterpin.
342
ShortlLong Arm Suspension (SLA)
I '
Your vehicle uses an independentshort/long arm rear suspension. All the
rear suspension components are mountedon a suspension supportwhich
is attached to the body at fourpoints and is fully isolated with bushings
and insulators to minimize road noise. Each rear wheel is connected to
the suspension support through the suspensionknuckle using an upper
and lower control arm and toelink.
The control arms andtoe link are attached to thesuspension support on
the inboard side, andto a suspension knuckle on the outboard side. The
hub and bearing assembly is mounted t o the knuckle and is a single, nonserviceable unit which eliminates the need forwheel bearing adjustment.
The load leveling (ELC) shock absorbers are attached to thelower
control arm,with the upper endof the shock attached to the suspension
support. The springs are held in position between the lower control arms
and a pocket in t h e suspension support.
The suspension system also incorporates a new damping system now as
Road Sensing Suspensionon the ETC or (Sport Coupe)and Speed
343
Sensing suspensionon the Eldorado. Thesesystems control the damping
forces in the shock absorbers and struts,
in response to various road and
driving conditions. The systems are capable of making these damping
changes extremely fast.
A computer receives inputs fromvertical acceleration sensors,wheel to
body position sensors,vehicle speed sensor,lift and dive signals.This
computer evaluates the inputs from these sensors, to control the damping
of each of the struts and shocks independently to
provide varied levels of
suspension control.
of providing Speed Sensitive Steering
The system also has the capability
on vehicle
control. This system changes your steering effort based your
speed.
Speed Sensitive Steering
This system varies the amountof steering effort proportionate to your
vehicle speed. Steeringis easier at a lower speed for increased
maneuverability and parking ease.
As your vehicle speed increases,the
steering effortis also increasedto provide a manual like steering feel for
maximum control and enhancedvehicle stability.
344
n
r
L
I
r
r
r
T
F-l
The power rackand pinion steering system,has arotary spool valve which
directs hydraulic fluid coming
from the power steering pump to one side
or the other
side of the rack piston.The integral rack piston is attached to
the rack. The rack piston converts hydraulic pressure to a linear force
which movesthe rack left or right. The force is then transmitted through
the inner and outer
tie rods to thesteering knuckles, whichturn the
wheels
If hydraulic assist isnot available, manual control is maintained. However
under theseconditions more steering effort is required.
4.6 LITER NORTHSTARENGINE
Displacement ...............................
.4.6L (279 cu.in.)
No. of Cylinders ................ 32-valve DOHC 8 - 90 Degree V
Engine Code9
Power (ACC.to S A E 51349) ............... 295 (bhp @ 6000 rpm
.....................................
220 (kW @ 6000 rpm
Torque (ACC.to S A E 51349) ............ 290 (lbs. ft. @ 4400 rpm
..................................... 393 ( N m @ 4400 rpm
Engine CodeY:
Power (ACC.to S A E 51349) ............... 270 (bhp @ 6000 rpm
..................................... 204(kW @ 6000rpm
Torque (ACC.to S A E 51349) ............ 207 (lbs. ft. @ 4400 rpm
..................................... 300 (N-m @ 4400 rpm
93mm (3.66 in.)
Bore ........................................
.84mm (3.31in.)
Stroke ......................................
Compression Ratio ...................................
10.3:l
Cylinder Block ...... Die Cast Aluminum withIron Cylinder Bores
Cylinder Heads ...............................
Cast Aluminum
Intake Manifold ........................
Die Cast Magnesium /
.......................... Thermoplastic Air Induction Tubes
Valve System ................... Direct Acting Hydraulic Tappets
Intake Valve ..................................
33mm (1.29 in.)
29mm (1.14 in.)
Exhaust Valve ................................
Pistons ......................................
Cast Aluminum
1-2-7-3-4-5-6-8
Firing Order ..................................
2-4-6-8
Left Bank ..........................................
1
1
1
1
345
RightBank .........................................
1-3-5-7
Camshaft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Induction Hardened Cast Grey Iron
Drive 5 p e . . . . . . . . Single Row / Staged Drive S mm Roller Chain
Five
Main Bearings .........................................
-
..
4.9 LITER ENGINE
Displacement ...............................
.4.9L (300 cu.in.)
No. of Cylinders ..............................
8 - 90 Degree V
Power (Acc. to SAE 51349) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 (bhp) @ 4100 rpm
.....................................
250 (kW) @ 4100 rpm
Torque (ACC.to SAE 51349) . . . . . . . . . . . . 275 (lbs. ft. @ 3000 rpm
..................................... 375 (N-m @ 3000 rpm
Bore .......................................
92mm (3.623 in.)
Stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92mm (3.623 in.)
Compression Ratio ....................................
951
Cylinder Block ...........................
Die Cast Aluminum
Cylinder Block Bore Liners .........................
Cast Iron
Cylinder Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cast Iron
Intake Manifold ..............................
Cast Aluminum
Roller Hydraulic Lifters
Valve System ..........................
Intake Valve ................................
45mm (1.772 in.)
Exhaust Valve ...............................
3Smm (1.496 in.)
Pistons ......................................
Cast Aluminum
Firing Order ..................................
1-8-4-3-6-5-7-2
Left Bank ..........................................
1-3-5-7
Right Bank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4-6-8
Camshaft .............................................
Steel
Width.. ....................................
16.2mm (0.64 in.)
Pitch ......................................
12.7mm (0.50 in.)
Chain
Drive Type ..........................................
Pearlitic NodularIron
Crankshaft .............................
5
MainBearings ...........................................
1
346
C
.
ENGINE LUBRICATION SYSTEM
Type of Intake .....................................
Filter System ......................................
Stationary
Full-Flow
1
j
ir
!-
ENGINE COOLING SYSTEM
Surge Tank / Radiator CapRelief Pressure ...... 15.0 psi (103P a )
Thermostat Starts To Open ................ 192-199' F (89-93 C)
Water Pump Type .................................
Centrifugal
Drive Belt .......................................
Serpentine
Radiator Core ...................................
Aluminum
Electric
Radiator Cooling Fans (2) ............................
FUEL SYSTEM
r
r
Induction Type ............ Sequential Port Fuel Injection '(SPFI)
.33.4-43.5 psi (230-300 kPa)
System Pressure ....................
ECM Controlled
Idle Speed ..................................
Paper Type Element
Filter Type ...............................
Electric (In Tank)
Fuel Pump ................................
Fuel Required ................. Premium Unleaded (91 Octane)
I
'
I
AUTOMATIC W S A X l , E
1
r?
n
-
Trade Name (4.9 L) ............. Turbohydramatic (THM) 4T60E
4-Speed Automatic
Type .....................................
................................... Viscous Converter Clutch
Trade Name (4.6 L) ............. Turbohydramatic (THM) 4T80E
4-Speed Automatic
Type .....................................
................................... Torque Converter Clutch
Fluid Required ..............................
DEXRON IIE@
Axle Ratio (4.9 L Engine Code B) .......................
2.97: 1
Axle Ratio (4.6 L Engine Code 9)) ......................
3.71:l
Axle Ratio (4.6 L Engine CodeY) .......................
3.11:l
1
347
EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
Exhaust Gas Recirculation ....................
Controlled Flow
Catalytic Converter .........................
Ceramic Monolith
Evaporative Emission Control ................ Charcoal Canister
-
Crankcase Emission Control .......................
PCV Valve
Open and Closed Loop
Electronic System .....................
E m U S T SYSTEM
L
.
c 1
Type ...............................
Single with Crossover Pipe
Muffler ..................................
One-Reverse Flow
Resonator ............................................
None
Stainless Steel
Exhaust Pipe ..................................
Intermediate Pipe .............................
Stainless Steel
Tail Pipe .....................................
Stainless Steel
ELECTMCXL, SYSTEM
Voltage ................................................
12
Negative
Ground ...........................................
Generator (4.9 L) ...................................
Generator (4.6 L) ...................................
AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM
Refrigerant-12 (R-12) ......................
140 Amp
144 Amp
.2.375 lbs. (1.08 kg)
Not all air conditioning refrigerants are thesame. If the air conditioning
system in your vehicle
needs refrigerant, be sure the proper refrigerant is
used. If you’re not sure ask your CadillacDealership.
348
I
.
FLUID CAPACITIES
r
i
i
r
Transaxle (4T60E) .............................
.20 pts. (9.5 L)
Transaxle (4T80E) ..............................
30 pts. (14 L)
Engine Oil (4.9 L) ............................
5 quarts (4.7 L)
With Filter Change ..........................
.5.5 qts (5.2 L)
Engine Oil (4.6 L) ..............................
6.5 qts (6.2 L)
With Filter Change ............................
7 qts (6.6 L)
Engine Cooling System ........................
12.3 qts (11.7 L)
Fuel Tank ................................
19.8 gallons (75L)
Power Steering ..............................
1.3 quarts (1.2 L)
Windshield Washer Reservoir.................. 4.2 quarts (4.1 L)
TIGHTEN
TORQUE
Spark Plugs (4.9 L) ........................
.20 N-m (15 lbs. ft.)
Spark Plugs (4.6 L) .........................
15 Nom (11lbs. ft.)
Oil Pan Drain Plug (4.9 L) ...................30 N-m (22 lbs. ft.)
Oil Pan Drain Plug (4.6 L) .................. .20 N-m (15 lbs.ft.)
KEHICLE DIMENSIONS
F EldoradoETC
f , :
Shipping Weight..........................
3516 lbs. (1594.7 kg)
Shipping Weight(ETC) .....................
.3695 lbs. (1679 kg)
Wheel Base ................................
108 in. (2743 mm)
Length ..................................
,202.2 in. (5135 mm)
Height ...................................
.54.0 in.(1371 mm)
Width. ...................................
.74.3 in. (1887 mm)
Front Tread ...............................
.60.9 in. (1547 mm)
Rear Tread ...............................
.60.9 in. (1547 mm)
T
!!
rl
349
CERT'F'EDJ
I!_
A
L
I
We employ technicians certified
by the
National Institutefor
AUTOMOTIVE
SERVICE
EXCELLENCE
Let us show you their credentials
Catalog NumberH-3028
Part Number3532633
f
.. .
r!OWNER A S S T S T A N C E
This sectionwill explain howto contact Cadillac
if you needassistance. It also tells you
how to obtain service publications and how
to report any safety defects.
This section includes the following:
r
‘r
i
Customer Satisfaction Procedure
Zone and Central Office Addresses
Customer Assistance for HearindSpeech Impaired
MediatiodArbitration Program
Reporting Safety Defects
Product Service Publications(PSPs)
Owner’s Manuals and Service Manuals
CUSTOMER SATISFACTIONPROCEDURE
l i
.
Your satisfaction and goodwill are important
to your dealer and
to Cadillac. Normally,
my problems with the sales transaction
or the operationof your vehicle willbe resolved
by your dealer’s Sales or Service Departments. Sometimes, however, despitebest
the
intentions ofall concerned, misunderstandings can
occur. If your concernhas not been
resolved toyour satisfaction, the following steps should be taken:
STEP ONE- Discuss your problem with a memberof dealership management.
Satisfaction can often
be quickly obtained at that level. If the matterhas already been
reviewed with the Sales, Service orParts Manager, contact the General Manager or
owner of the dealership.
STEP TWO -If after contacting a member of Dealership Management,it appears
your problem cannotbe resolved by the dealership without further help,
contact the
Cadillac Consumer Relations Center
24 hours per day by calling1-800458-8006 or
if you have an Allant6 call 1-800-ALLANT&
In Canada, contactGM of Canada Customer Assistance Center in Oshawa by calling
1-800-263-3777
(ENGLISH).
Quebec,
In the
French
language
mhumber is
1-800-263-7854.
In Mexico,call1-900-254-1746,
In PuertoRico, U.S. virgin Islands, call
1-809-763-1315. In all other overseas locations, contact GM International Export
Sales in Canada by calling 14164444112.
r
r
i
1
b
r
6
1
For prompt assistance, please have the following information available
Consumer Relations Representative:
to give the
- Your name, address and telephone number
- Vehicle Identification Number (This is available from the vehicle registration or
.
.
title, or the plate attached
to the left top
of the instrument panel and visible through
the windshield.)
- Dealership
name and location
- Vehicle delivery date and present mileage
- Nature of
problem
In order to give your inquiry prompt attention, please call the appropriate toll free
number listed. However,
if you wish
to write Cadillac, please send
all correspon&nce to
the respective United States, Canada
or GM Overseas CentralOffice address listedon
the following page.
One
When contacting Cadillac, please remember
yourthat
problem will likely
be resolved in
the dealership, using dealership facilities, equipment and personnel. That why
is we
suggest
Step you follow
-
c--.
b
.
CUSTOMER ASSISTANCE FOR THE HEARING OR
SPEECH IMPAIRED
To assist owners who have hearing difficulties, Cadillac has installed special TDD
(Telecommunication Devices for the Deaf) equipment in its consume!^ Relations
Center. Any hearing or speech impaired customer who has access to a TDD or a
conventionalteletypewriter
('TTY) cancommunicatewithCadillacbydialing:
1-800-TDD-CMCC. (TDD users in Canada can dial1-800-263-3830).
r
1
2
ZONE AND CENTRAL OFFICE ADDRESSES
r
n
CENTRAL OFFICES
CANADA
Consumer RelationsDepartment
General Motors of Canada
Limited
Oshawa, Ontario L1J 526
1-800-263-3777 (ENGLISH)
1-800-263-7854 (FRENCH)
UNITED STATES
Consumer Relations Center
Cadillac Motor Car Division
2860 Clark
Detroit, Michigan48232
1-800-458-8006 (24 Hours)
1 - 8 O O - A L m(Allant& only)
INTERNATIONAL EXPORT
SALES
P.O. Box 828
Oshawa, Ontario L1H 7N1
Fax: 4 1 6 4 4 4 8 6 6
Telex: 8214981215
r
i
1
i.
CADILLAC ZONE OFFICES
LOS ANGELES ZONE
Post Office Box 5018
Thousand Oaks, California
91 359-501
8
CENTRAL ZONE
Post Office Box 33109
Detroit, Michigan48232
;
r
r
!
-
FLORIDA ZONE
Barrette Bank Centre
Fifth Floor
625 North Flagler
West Palm Beach,
Florida 33401
MIDWEST ZONE
Post Office Box 3002
Naperville, Illinois 60566
NORTHWEST ZONE
Post Office Box
23850
Oakland, California 94623
MID-ATLANTIC ZONE
Post Office
Box 9010
Wayne, Pennsylvania 19087
SOUTHWEST ZONE
Post Office Box 6601 18
Dallas, Texas 75266-01 18
EASTERN
ZONE
Post Office Box 3003
Parsippany, New Jersey07054
*NOTE: The state
of
Alaska is serviced by
the Northwest
The state of Hawaii is serviced
by the Los Angeles Zone.
Zone.
SOUTHEAST ZONE
Post Office Box 50256
Atlanta, Georgia30302
P
3
GENERAL MOTORS OF CANADA REGIONAL OFFICES
TORONTO, ONTARIO M3C lJ1
1200 EglintonAve. E.
416-359-0588
1-800-263-3777
CALGARY, AB T2P 3W7
4220 Blackfoot Trail
P.O.Box2510
1-800-263-3777
MONTREAL, QUEBEC
H9R 4R2
5000 Trans-Canada Hwy.
Pointe Claire, Quebec
1-800-263-7854
GENERAL MOTORS OFFICES OVERSEAS
EUROPE
GMODCDES Europe RMO
C/O GM Service GMBH
Postfach 1710
D-6090 Ruesselsheim
Federal Republic ofGennmy
Telephone: 6142-602319 or 312
Telex: 4182841 GMOD
Fax: 6142-82632 or Code (02)
FAR EAST
GM Overseas
Distribution Cop.
Roppongi Fuji Building
2-6 Nishiazabu 3-Chome
Minato-Ku
Tokyo,Japan 106
Telephone: 03-470-3461
Telex: JAPAUTO 522776
PUERTO RICO
U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS
GM Overseas Distribution Corp.
Centro Commercial
San Francisco
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rim
Mail: G.P.O. Box G4382
San Juan, Puerto Rim 00936
Telephone: 809-763-1315
Telex: 3450394
DUBAI
GMODCDES Middle East
Regional Marketing Office
Dubai International Trade Centre
Level 30
P.O. Box 9233
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Telex: 46542G M G X EM
MEXICO
General Motors de Mexico
Consumer Relations Supervisor
Service Department
Apartado Postal 107-BIS
Mexico 1, D.F.
Telephone: 905-245-17-86
Telex: 1763 185
SAUDI ARABIA
GM Overseas
Distribution Corp.
P.O. Box 5784
Jeddah, 21432 Saudi Arabia
Telephone: 02-665-3380
Telex: 401748 GMOT SJ
4
--
1 GM PARTICIPATION IN BETTER BUSINESS BUREAU
MEDIATION/ARBITRATION PROGRAM*
t Our experience has shown that the Customer Satisfaction Procedure described earlier in
this section has been very successful in achieving customer satisfaction.
If you have
discussed a concern with your Dealership management and have notbeen able to
resolve it, let us know. Questions and concerns are resolved most efficiently if you
telephone or write directly
to our offices as described. However, ifyou have not been
be aware of
GM's voluntary participation
substantially satisfied, Caddlac wantstoyou
AUTO LINE. This prograrn
in ano-charge mediation/arbitration program called BBB
is administered by the Council of Better Business
through
Bureaus
local Better Business
Bureaus. It canresolveindividualdisputesinvolvingvehiclerepairsandthe
interpretation of your New Vehicle Limited Warranty.
We prefer that you not resort to BBB
AUTO LINE until after afinal decision is made
-I.i
under the Customer Satisfaction Procedure. However, you may fide a claim at any time
by contacting your local Better Business Bureauor(BBB)
calling the following
24 hour
your nearestBBBoffice:
toll-freenumber to obtain the telephonenumberof
r
I
1-800-955-5 100. For further information about filling a claim, you may also write to:
r
i
BBB AUTO LINE
Council of Better Business Bureaus
4200 Wilson
Boulevard
Suite 800
Arlington, Virginia22203
In order to file a claim, you will have to provide your name and address, the vehicle
identification number (VIN) of your vehicle, and a statement of the nature of your
complaint. BBB staff may try to help resolve your dispute through mediation. If
mediation is not successful, or if you do not wish
to participate in mediation, eligible
customers may present their case to an impartial third party arbitrator at an informal
hearing. The arbitrator will render a decision your
in case, which you may accept or
reject. If you accept a valid arbitrator decision, Cadillac will be bound by that decision
The entire dispute settlement process should ordinarily take about40 days from the time
you file your complaint to the time a decision is rendered
47 days (or
if you did not first
contact your dealership or Cadillac).
'r
-I
'
f
(
r-
We encourage you to usethis program before or instead of resortingto the courts. We
believe it offers advantages overcourts in most jurisdictions becauseis itfast, free of
charge, and informal (lawyersare not usually present, although you may retain one at
your expense if you choose). Arbitrators make decisions based on the principles of
fairness and equity. They
arenotrequiredto duplicatethe functions of courts by strictly
If you wish to
go to court however, we
do not requirethat
applying state or federal law.
you first file a claim with BBB
AUTO LINE ** unless state law provides otherwise.
Whatever your preference maybe, remember that if youare unhappy with the results of
go to court because an arbitrator's decision is binding
BBB AUTO LINE,you can still
on Cadillac but not on you unless you accept it.
'
1,'
if
I
I
5
Eligibility is limited by vehicle age/mileage, on the component involved and other
factors. For further information concerning the program,call your localBBB or call
1-800-955-5100
for the toll-free number
of your nearestBBB. You may also call the
Cadillac Consumer Assistance Center.
"Thisprogram may not be available in all states, depending
on state law. (Canadian
owners should refer to the Canadian Warranty Booklet). General Motors reserves the
right to change eligibility limitations andlor to discontinue its participation in this
program.
* * Some states may require that you
firstfile a claim withBBB AUTO LINE before
resorting to state ogerated procedures(including court).
7
d
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTS TOTHE UNITED
STATES GOVERNMENT
If you believe that your vehicle ahas
defect which could cause
a crash or could cause
injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration (NHTSA), in addition to notifying General Motors.
If NHTSAreceives similar complaints,may
it open an investigation, andit finds
if
thata
safety defect exists ina group of vehicles, it may ordera recall and remedy campaign,
However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your
dealer, or General Motors.
c
-
To contact NHTSA,youmayeithercalltheAutoSafetyHotlinetoll-Freeat
1-800424-9393 (or 366-0123 in the Washington, D.C. area) or write to NHTSA,
U.S.
Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590. You can also obtain other
information about motor vehicle safety from the Hotline.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTSTO THE CANADIAN
GOVERNMENT
If you live in Canada,
and you believe that your vehicle ahas
safety defect, you should
immediately notify Transport Canada, in addition to notifying General Motors of
CanadaLtd. Youmay writetoTransportCanadaat
Box 8880, Ottawa,Ontario
K1G 352.
REPORTING SAFETY DEFECTSTO GENERAL
MOTORS
In addition to notifying NHTSA (or Transport Canada) in a situation like this, we
certainly hope you'll notify us. Please call us
at our Consumer Relations Center,
1-800-458-8006, or in Canada call,1-800-263-3777, (English) or 1-800-263-7854
(French), or write: Cadillac Motor Car Division, Consumer Relations Center, 2860
Clark Avenue Detroit,MI 48232.
6
SERVICE
ri
I4
r
PUBLICATIONS
Informationonhow to obtain Produet Service
Publ&iti~,subscriptions, Indexesand
summaries as describedbelowis applicable onlyin thefifty US. states (and the District
fo Columbia) and only for cars
and light lrucks withGVWR less than 10,OOO pounds
(4 536 kg).
In Canada, information pertaining to Product Service Bulletins and Indexes canbe
obtained by writing to: General Motors of Canada Limited, Service Publications
Department, 1908 Colonel Sam Drive Oshawa, Ontario L1H 8P7.
Cadillac regularly sends its dealers useful service bulletins about Cadillac products.
Cadillac monitors product performance in the field. We
then prepare bulletins for
servicing our productsbetter, Now, you can get these bulletins
too.
Bulletins cover various subjects. Some pertain to the proper use and care of your
if
vehicle. Some describe costly repairs. Others describe inexpensive repairs which,
done on time with the latest parts, mayfuture
avoidcostly repairs. Some bulletins tell a
or unexpected condition. Others describe
a quicker way
technician howto repair a new
to fix your vehicle. They can help a technician
service your vehicle better.
Most bulletins apply
to conditions affecting a small number of vehicles Your Cadillac
to determine if a specific bulletin applies
dealership or a qualified technician may have
to your vehicle.
You can subscribe
to all Cadillac bulletins.
This way you’ll get them
as they come out.
You can wait a while and get an index tothe bulletins. You can also get individual
bulletins. However, you’ll need the index to identify
h
tem.
Subscriptions
I-
You can subscribealltoCadillac Product Service Publications (PSPs).
Thiswill include
will not be limited to PSPs applicableto any
bulletins fordl cars sold by Cadillac and
particular model. When you buy a subscription, you
will receive the PSPs periodic
in
mailings shortly aftex they come out. A subscription costs $100.00 U.S. ($110.00
including a special binder) and
it entitles youto all PSPs published by Cadillac during
that model year. You can purchases a subscription by sending acheck orto money order
Cadillac Service Publications, Post Office07130,
BoxDetroit, Michigan48027, along
15. Your may get additions subscription ordering
with the order form located on page
forms by calling the toll-free number shown inthis section or your can find themat
participating dealerships.
r Individual PSPs
If you don’t want
to buy all the PSPs issued by Cadillac for all models in the model ye
those which may pertain
to a particular model.
To
you can buy individual PSPs as
such
do this, you will f i t need to see our index of PSPs.It provides a variety of information.
Here’s what you’llfind in the index and how you
can get one.
What You’ll find in the Index:
4
A list of all PSPs published by Cadillac in a model year (1990 or later). PSPs
covering all models of Cadillac cars are listed insame
the index.
4 Ordering information so you can buythe specific PSPs you may want.
+
Price information forPSPs you may want to buy.
How You Can Getan Index:
Indexes are published periodically. Most
of thePSPs which could potentially apply
to
the most recent Cadillac models will
by listed in the last quarterly publication for that
model year. This means you may wantto wait until the end
of the model year before
PSPspertaining toa current model year
ordering an index,
if youare interested in buying
vehicle.
Some PSPs pertaining to a particular model year vehiclemay be published on later
years, and these would
be listed in the later year’s index. When youanorder
index fora
model year thatis not over yet, we’ll send you the most recently published quarterly
issue. You can specify an index foran earlier model year, but not before
1990.
Cut out the order form,it fill
out, and mail it. We will see
to it that an index
is mailed to
you. There is no charge for indexes for the
1990-1993 model years.
Toll-Free Telephone Number
If you want an additional ordering form for ana index
subscription,
or
just call toll-free
and we’ll be happy to send you one. Automated recording equipment will take your
name and mailing address. The number to call is1-800-5514123.
Copies at Participating Dealers
Copies of Indexes and individual PSPs are at your Cadillac dealership.You can askto
see them.
A VERY IMPORTANT REMINDER:These PSPs are meant for technicians. They
are
not meant for the ‘do-it-yourselfer’. Technicians have the equipment, tools, safety
instructions, and trainingto do a job quickly and safely.
Cadillac reserves the right to change these procedures without notice after November,
1991.
Cadillac Owner’s Manuals and Service Publications
You can get these
by using the order form. Additionally, past model Owner’s Manuals
and Service Information Manuals are available afor
m i n i u m of ten model years and
frequently much longer. Credit card orders may
be placed using the toll-free number
1-800-7824356. High quality copies of out of print older model manuals ar available,
also. You may receive a free listingof either by using the order form.
8
SERVICE MANUALS
(AVAILABLE AFTERSEITEM-BER,1m))
r
C.
I
r
I
-
MODEL
YEAR
FORM
NO.
1993
H-3012
Brougham Service Information Manual
1993
H-3014
DeVille/Fleetwood Service Information Manual 45.00
1993
H-3016
Eldorado, Seville Service Information Manual
1993
H-3008
Allant6 Service Information Manual
1993
H-3046
Quick Reference SpecificationsGuide
(All Models)
PRICE
EACH
-
DESCRIPTION
$SQ.Oo.;
45.00
55.00
7.00
-
-
1992 and
CPCH-092 Order Form for Past Model
service Manuals
Prior
I-i
FREE
OWNER’S LITERATURE
r
MODEL
YEAR
FORM
NO.
1993
H-3024
DeVille Owner Information
1993
H-3025
Fleetwood Owner Information
15.00
1993
H-3026
Seville Owner Information
15.00
H-3028
Eldorado Owner Information
15.00
PRICE
EACH
DESCRIPTION
15.00
-
~
1993
~~
r
T
b
i
r
1993
H-3022
Brougham Owner Information
1993
H-3020
Alland Owner Information
1993
3532657
Maintenance Coupon Booklet
1993
3532627
Warranty Booklet (AllModels except Allant6)
1993
3532628
Alland Assurance Plan (Warranty)
1992 and
Prior
I Order Form for Past Model Owner’s Literature
15.00
25.00
4.00
2.00
2.00
1
FREE
NOTE Owner Literature Portfolios, Vehicle and Owner Information labels and Gold
Keys are available by contacting your Cadillac
dealership
9
I
PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATIONS INDEXES
PRICE
EACH
MODEL
YEAR
FORM
NO.
1990
H-2655
1991
H-2755
1992
H-2855
1993
H-2955
1990
H-2652B
1991
H-2752B
1992
H-2852B
Bound PSP Edition- includes
10-91)
index plus complete PSPs (available
20.00
1993
H-2952B
Bound PSP Edition- includes
index plus complete PSPs (available10-92)
20.00
DESCRIPTION
-
Index (Includes applicable bulletin summaries)
FREE
Toreview all productservicepublications (PSPs)
FREE
for a specific model year vehicle,
it is necessary
to order the index for that model year and all
FREE
subsequent model year indexes.
FREE
-
I
I
Bound PSP Edition- includes
index plus
- complete PSPs
Bound PSP Edition- includes
index plus complete PSPs
INDIVIDUAL
PRODUCT
SERVICE
PUBLICATIONS
?ferto PSP Index for Form Number)
I
DESCRIPTION
1990
thru
1993
Per Order
See details First Individual PSP
on
PSP Index Each Additional PSPIn Same Order
20.00
zu.w
PRICE
EACH
$4.00
2.00
ANNUAL PRODUCT SERVICE PUBLICATION SUBSCRIPTION
MODEL
YEAR
FORM
NO.
1993
H-3058
I
H-2134
DESCRIPTION
I
PRICE
EACH
Subscription to all Product Service Publications $100.0(
released by Cadillac throughout the Model
Year
(September 1 through August 31). PSPs mailed
quarterly.
3-Ring Binder for Product Service Publications. $10.00
Includes set of Index Tabs.
NOTE: Please fill in order form- and MAIL TO:
Cadillac Service Publications
Post Office Box 07130, Detroit, Michigan 48207
ORDER TOLL FREE: 1-800-782-4356
(NOTE: For Credit Card Holder Orders Only)
Monday-Friday 8:30A.M. -6:OO P.M. EST
c
*Minimum Credit Card Order $10.00
If funher information is needed, write to the address shown aboveor call (313)863-1430. Material
cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery.
On returns, a re-stocking fee may be applied against the original order.
VEHICLE MODEL
PRICE'
PUBLICATION FORM NUMBER'
PRICE
TOTAL
EACH
NAME
I YEAR QTY.
.:Prices
are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
Orders for Individual Product ServicePublicalions cannot be lilled without the
appropriate bulletin numbers. Thew numbers maybe found in the PSP Index.Your
first Product Service Publication costs $3.0000; each additional PSP costs $1.00.
Orders will be rnalled within 10 days ol receipt. Please allow adequate time lor
postal service.
r
i
r
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person
to whose attention the shipment should be sent. For purchases outside U.S.A. please write to the above
address for quotation.
(CUSTOMER
!-
APT.NUMBERS) BOX
P.O.
ADDRESS-NO
(STREET
(CITY)
f-
DAYTIMETELEPHONE NO. CODE
-
Check or Money Order payable to Helm, Inc. (USA funds onlydo not sendcash.)
[7 Mastercard
Account
Number:
F
r
Date molyr:
Expiration
0VISA
mm 0
Check hereif your billing address is diflerent
from yourshipping address shown.
(CUSTOMER SIGNATURE)
11
E
m
I.
h
. .
b
.
...
n
I
SUBJECT INDEX
A
r
r
r
r
Acc (Ignition Key Position) ...........................
76
AccessoryPower.Retained ..........................
327
Adding
Brake Fluid .....................................
291
Electrical Equipment .............................
326
EngineCoolant ..........................
234.242.282,
Engine Oil ......................................
269
Power Steering Fluid .............................
286
TransaxleFluid ..................................
279
Additives. Engine Oil ...............................
273
Adjustment.Brake .................................
182
Adult Safety Belt Usage ..............................
19
AirBag ............................................
27
AirCleaner .......................................
275
Air Cleaner Replace ................ See Maint.Book. p.22
Air Cleaner Filter Replacement ......................
301
Air Conditioner ....................................
144
Air Outlets ........................................
143
Air System ........................................
143
Alarm. How To Turn Off Theft ........................
73
Alcohol. Driving Under The Influence Of .............. 173
AlcoholinGasoline .................................
260
Aluminum Wheels. Cleaning .........................
321
AMAX@ ..........................................
151
AM Radio Reception ...............................
151
AM Stereo Radio Reception .........................
151
Antenna. Cleaning Radio ............................
161
Antifreeze .....................................
234. 242
Anti-LockBrakes ..................................
179
Anti-Lock Brake System Warning Light ................ 125
Anti-TheftTips .....................................
72
Appearance Care ...................................
314
Wearing A Safety BeltUnder Your ................ 25
Ashtrays ................... i ......................
117
Astroroof .........................................
115
Automatic Air Conditioning System ................... 144
Automatic Door Lock ................................
66
AutomaticOverdrive ................................
82
Arm.
k
r"
b
.
I
1
..
~
.
I
.
.
Automatic Transaxle .................................
Automatic Transaxle Fluid ...........................
80
276
B
Baby Restraint ......................................
44
Battery ...........................................
292
Battery Cables. Starting With .........................
221
BatteryChargeLight ...............................
127
Battery PowerLoss .................................
293
Beam. Headlight. High-Low Switch ....................
97
Belt
Lap ............................................
39
Lap-Shoulder ....................................
20
Rear Seat .......................................
35
Blizzard. If You’re Caught In A .......................
209
Block Heater. Engine ................................
78
Blood Alcohol Level ................................
173
“Blowout. Tire ....................................
247
Boat.Towing A ....................................
211
Bose Sound Systems ................................
158
Brake
182
Adjustment .....................................
Fluid ..........................................
291
MasterCylinder .................................
289
Parking .........................................
84
Pedal Travel ....................................
182
Brake System. Anti.Lock. Warning Light ............... 125
Brake System Warning Light .........................
124
Brake WearIndicators.Disc .........................
181
Brakes.Anti-Lock ..................................
179
Brakes.Trailer .....................................
214
Braking ...........................................
177
Braking in Emergencies .............................
182
Braking IfYour Engine Stops ........................
179
“Break.1n”.NewVehicle .............................
75
Break-In Schedule. WhenTowing A Trailer ............. 212
Bucklingup ........................................
19
BulbChart ........................................
333
294
Bulbs. Halogen. Removal ............................
Bulbs.TaillightReplacement .........................
296
Bulbs.TurnSignal ..................................
334
.
.
.
.
.
Cables. Battery. Starting With
C
........................
2
221
L_
c,.
A
.
b
-
.
.
’
a
.
.
. .
I
r
r
.
r
-i
E
I
Camper. %wing A ..................................
211
Capacities.Fluid ...................................
349
Carbon Monoxide In Exhaust ......................
91. 209
Cassette ’Iiipe Player. CareOf Your ................... 160
Cassette%peSystems ..............................
156
Cautions. Safety ......................................
1
CB Radio. AddingA .............................
152. 326
Cellular Telephone. AddingA .....................
152. 326
CenterConsole .....................................
70
Center Mounted High Stop Lamp Bulb. Replace ........ 298
Central Door Unlocking System .......................
66
Chains.Tire .......................................
314
Change The Oil. When To ...........................
273
Changing A Flat Tire ...............................
247
Charge Light. Battery ...............................
127
Chassis Lubrication................. See Maint.Book. p.18
Checking
The Brake Fluid..............................
290. 291
TheEngineOilLevel ............................
268
The Power Steering Fluid .........................
285
The ’Ransaxle Huid ..............................
277
Things Under The Hood ..........................
264
Your Restraint Systems ............................
60
Your Safety Belt Systems...........................
60
Checks. Service Station ............... See Maint.Book. p.8
Chemical Paint Spotting .............................
323
Child Restraint. Securing .............................
47
Child Restraints .....................................
44
Children And Safety Belts ............................
41
Cigarette Lighter ...................................
118
CircuitBreakers ...................................
327
CityDriving .......................................
196
Cleaner. Air .......................................
275
Cleaning
321
AluminumWheels ...............................
Fabric ..........................................
316
Glass ..........................................
319
Viiyl or Leather .................................
318
SafetyBelts .....................................
319
The Inside Of Your Cadillac .......................
316
The Outside Of Your Cadillac .....................
320
The Power Antenna ..............................
161
The Top of the Instrument Panel ................... 319
The Underbody Of Your Car ......................
322
The Windshield and Wiper Blades.................. 320
Weatherstrips ...................................
321
Clock. Setting The ..................................
160
.
- .
Climate Control. Electronic ..........................
144
Closed-In Places. Don’t Idle In ........................
92
CO In Your Exhaust ..............................
91. 209
Comfort Controls and AudioSystems .................. 143
Compact Disc Player. Care Of Your ................... 161
Compact Disc Sound Systems ........................
158
CompactSpareTire ................................
255
Computer That Shows Fuel Economy .................. 131
Console. Center .....................................
70
Contents. Table Of ........ See Frontof Owner Info. Manual
Control Of A Vehicle ...............................
176
Control.LossOf ...................................
187
Controls. Features And ...............................
62
Convex Outside Mirror ..............................
114
Coolant. Engine: Proper SolutionTo Use ............ 234. 242
Coolant. Safety Warnings About ...................233. 241
Cooling System .................................
232. 240
Cooling System Service .............. See Maint. Book. p.20
CruiseControl .....................................
101
...................
103
Cruise Control. Change Speed With
Cruise Control. Get Out Of ..........................
105
Cruise Control On Hills .............................
104
105
Cruise Control. TurningOff ..........................
Curves.Driving On .................................
183
Damage To Finish ..................................
322
Damage To Sheet Metal .............................
322
Damage Warnings ....................................
2
Daytime Running Lights (Canada Only) ............... 109
Dead Battery. WhatTo Do If You Have A .............. 221
DefensiveDriving ..................................
172
Defogger. Rear Window .............................
148
Defrost ...........................................
147
Delco-Bose Gold Series Compact Disc MusicSys ........ 158
DelcoSoundSystems ...............................
153
DEXRON IIE@ ...................................
279
Dimensions.Vehicle ................................
349
Disc Brake Wear Indicators ..........................
181
Disposal.UsedOil .................................
274
DoorLocks ........................................
64
Downhill.Parking ..................................
204
Downshifting .......................................
83
Driver Information Center ...........................
132
Driver Information Center Messages .................. 133
4
.
.
.
.
..
.
- 1
.
.
..
.
.
.
. .
.
..
.
r
ft71
r
.
r
r
P;
Driver’s Side S.I.R. (“Air Bag”) ........................
Driving
And the Road. Your ..............................
AtNight .......................................
Defensive ......................................
HillandMountain ...............................
In A Foreign Country ............................
In Cities ........................................
In Fog. Mist And Haze ...........................
On Snow Or Ice .................................
In The Rain .....................................
In Winter .......................................
On A Long Trip .................................
On The Freeway .................................
OnTheRoad ...................................
On Curves ......................................
Through Deep Standing Water ......................
Winter .........................................
Drunken Driving ...................................
Dual Braking System ................................
27
163
188
172
201
261
196
194
207
191
206
199
197
200
183
79
206
173
124
Electric Outside Mirror Control ......................
114
Electrical Equipment. Adding .....................
152. 326
Electronic ClimateControl ..........................
144
Electronic Level Control ............................
142
ElectronicSolarSensor .............................
148
Emergencies.BrakingIn ............................
182
Emergencies. Steering In ............................
184
Emergency Starting. Discharged Battery ............... 221
EmergencyTowing .................................
227
Engine
78
Block Heater ....................................
Change Oil Indicator .............................
140
Coolant ........................................
280
Coolant Temperature Warning Lights ............... 126
Exhaust .........................................
91
Oil ............................................
266
Oil Additives ....................................
273
OilLight .......................................
128
Oil. When To Change ............................
273
Overheating ....................................
230
SpeedLimiter (Northstar) ........................
129
Warning Light About Need For Service ............. 126
Ethanol In Gasoline ................................
260
5
Exhaust. Caution .................................
91. 209
Exhaust. Dangerous Gas In........................
91. 209
Expectant Mothers. UseOf Safety Belts By .............. 33
Explanation of Maint.Service ........ See Maint.Book. p.18
Express Down Window (Driver’s Side) .................. 93
ExpresswayDriving .................................
197
Extender.SafetyBelt ................................
60
Exterior Appearance ................................
314
Fabric.Foam-Type Cleaner On .......................
316
Fabric. Solvent-Type Cleaner On ......................
317
Fasteners.Replacement .............................
259
Features And Controls ...............................
62
Fetus. Risk To ..From Safety Belt Use .................. 34
Filling Your Fuel Tank ..............................
261
Filter.Oil .........................................
335
Finish Damage .....................................
322
First Gear. When To Use .............................
84
Flash-To-Pass Feature ................................
97
FlatTire ..........................................
246
Flat Tire. Changing A ...............................
247
Flooded Engine. Starting A ...........................
77
FloorMats ........................................
119
Fluid
291
Brake ..........................................
Headlight Washer ................................
288
PowerSteering ..................................
285
Transaxle .......................................
276
WindshieldWasher ..............................
287
349
Fluid Capacities ....................................
Fluids & Lubricants. Recommended ... See Maint.Book. p.38
265
Fluid Usage Label ..................................
151
FM Stereo Radio Reception .........................
316
Foam-Type Cleaner On Fabric ........................
108
Fog Lights (ETC) ..................................
194
Fog. Driving In.....................................
Fog: Getting It Off the Windshield ....................
147
Francais. Guide En ......................
See Introduction
Freeing Car From Sand. Mud. Ice or Snow ............. 256
197
FreewayDriving ...................................
French Language Manual................. See Introduction
Front Seatbacks. Reclining............................
798
259
Fuel ..............................................
131
FuelDataPanel ....................................
.
.
1
.
rz
.
*
I..
.
.
r
.
7 -
.
.
How The Air Bag System Works .......................
How To Obtain Roadside Service ........ See Roadside
How To Operate Your Sound System ..................
How To Use This Manual..............................
How To Wear Safety Belts Properly
.....................
Hydroplaning ......................................
29
Serv
.
153
1
19
192
I
I
Ice. If You’re Stuck In ...............................
256
Identification Label. Service Parts .....................
326
Identification Number. Vehicle .......................
325
Idling Your Engine ..................................
92
If A Tire Goes Flat .................................
246
Ignition Key Positions ................................
75
Illuminated Entry System .............................
66
Indicator. Bulbs For Turn Signal ......................
334
Indicators. Warning. On Instrument Panel .............. 123
Infant Restraint .....................................
44
Inflatable Restraint Light .............................
28
Inflation. Tire Pressure ..............................
306
Information Center. Driver ..........................
132
Information System On Instrument Panel .............. 123
Inside Mirrors (Manual) .............................
111
Inspection.Tire ....................................
308
Instrument Panel ...................................
120
Instrument Panel Warning Lights .....................
123
Interior Cleaning ...................................
316
Interior Lights .....................................
108
Introduction .............. See Frontof Owner Info. Manual
1
i
J
Jacking And Removing Flat Tire ......................
Jump Starting ......................................
247
221
K
Keys ..............................................
Keys. Ignition .......................................
KeylessEntry. Remote ...............................
KilometerIndicator ................................
62
75
66
122
c
i
i
n
r
I
'
p.
'I
i
I
II
r
r
'r
1
r
r?
r!
L
Label. Fluid Usage .................................
265
294
LampHousings ....................................
Lane Change Indicator ...............................
96
Lap Belt ...........................................
39
Lap-Shoulder Belt ...................................
20
56
Larger Children and Safety Belts.......................
Leaking. Of Exhaust Into Your Car .................. 91. 209
318
Leather.Cleaning ..................................
LeavingYourVehicle ................................
66
28
Light. Air Bag System ................................
Light. Battery Charge ...............................
127
73
Light.Security ......................................
12. 19
Light. Safety Belt Reminder.........................
Light. Service Engine Soon ..........................
126
128
Light. Engine Oil ...................................
126
Light. Engine Temp .................................
96
Light. Turn Signal Indicator ...........................
109
Libt. Underhood ..................................
Li Iter. Cigarette .................................. 118
106
Lig Its ............................................
127
Lig Its. Battery Charge ..............................
108
Lig Its. Fog (ETC) ..................................
108
Lig Its. Interior .....................................
107
Lig Its. Operation of ................................
110
Lig Its. Reading ....................................
170
Lig Its. Tkaffic ......................................
Lig Its. Warning. On Instrument Panel ................. 123
303
LO; lding ..Tires ....................................
L o ; .ding Your Vehicle ...............................
303
Log. 0;erating Record .............. See Maint.Book. p.44
199
Long Distance Driving ..............................
187
Loss Of Control ....................................
.
221
Low Battery. WhatTo Do About A ....................
.................. 128
Low Oil Pressure. Warning Light For
Lubricants. Recommended ........... See Maint. Book. p.38
9
Lumbar ControlSwitch ...............................
Maintenance ......................
See Maintenance Book
A Word About ................... See Maint. Book. p.2
Coupons ........................
See Maint. Book. All
Explanation of Services .... See Maint.Book. p.18,20,22,24
Oil Change ......................
See Maint. Book. p.2
OwnerChecks ............. See Maint.Book. p.26,28,30
.
Operating Record Log.......... See Maint. Book. p.44-80
Recommended Fluids ....... See Maint. Book. p.38,40,42
Schedules ............... See Maint.Book. p.10,12,14,16
Service Ctr. Inspec. & Sew. . . See Maint.Book. p.32,34,36
Service Station Owner Checks ...... See Maint. Book. p.8
Maintenance Record................ See Maint. Book. p.44
Markings. Pavement ................................
171
Master Cylinder. Brake..............................
289
Methanol In Gasoline ...............................
260
Mileage Indicator ..................................
122
Mirrors. Front Seat Vanity ...........................
113
Mirrors. Inside Daymight Rearview ................... 111
Mirrors.Outside ...................................
114
Mist.Driving In ....................................
194
Mobile Telephone. AddingA ......................
152. 326
MountainDriving ..................................
201
MTBE In Gasoline .................................
260
Mud. If You’re Stuck In .............................
256
.
.
I
.
.
L
A
.
.
L A
N
“N” (Neutral) Gear Position ..........................
New Vehicle “Break-In” ..............................
Night. Driving At ...................................
NightVision .......................................
Notices About Damage ................................
0
Occupant Restraint ..................................
Octane Required ForYour Car .......................
Odometer .........................................
Odometer And Speedometer.........................
Odometer. Trip ....................................
Off (Ignition Key Position) ............................
82
75
188
189
2
12
259
123
122
123
76
Off Road Recovery .................................
185
Oil. Engine ........................................
266
273
Oil. When To Change Your Engine ....................
Oil Life Indicator...................................
140
271
Oil Quality ........................................
272
Oil Thickness (Viscosity) ............................
Operating Record .................. See Maint. Book. p. 44
Operation in Foreign Countries.......................
261
OutsideAir .......................................
143
114
Outside Mirrors ....................................
.
.
L
-
c-
. .
.
. . .
10
n
f7
r
r
Overdrive.Automatic ................................
82
Overheated Engine.Warning Light For ................ 126
Owner Checks& Services ............ See Maint.Book, p.26
P
“PYy
(Park) Position ..................................
80
PaintSpotting.Chemical ............................
323
ParkPosition .......................................
80
Park, Shifting Into ...................................
86
Park, Shifting Out Of ................................
89
ParkingBrake ......................................
84
Parking Downhill ...................................
204
Parking On Hills ...................................
203
Parking Over ThingsThat Burn ........................
90
ParkingUkhill .....................................
204
PASSKey
(PersonalizedAutomotiveSecurity Sys) ...... 74
Passing Another Vehicle .............................
186
Pavement Markings .................................
171
PedalTravel. Brake .................................
182
Perception Time. In Braking .........................
177
Polishing and Waxing ...............................
321
Possible Damage to Your Cadillac. Notices About ......... 2
Possible Injury Tb People. Cautions About ................ 1
Power
Antenna. Cleaning The ...........................
161
65
Door Lucks ......................................
SeatControls .....................................
6
Steering ........................................
182
Steering Fluid ...................................
285
Windows ........................................
93
Pregnancy. Use Of Safety Belts During ................. 33
Problems OnThe Road .............................
218
Product Sew.Publications ............See Owner Assistance
................... 19
Proper Safety Belt Usage. For Adults
71
pull Down System.’Runk .............................
“R” (Reverse) Gear Position ..........................
81
Racing. Shifting When Your Engine Is .................. 82
Radiator Overheating ...............................
236
Radiator Pressure Cap ..............................
284
Radio. Wo.Way. Adding A .......................
155326
RadioSystems .....................................
150
Driving In ....................................
191
Reaction Time. In Braking ...........................
177
Rain.
11
I
Reading Lights .....................................
110
118
RearAshtray ......................................
148
Rear WindowDefogger .............................
7
RecliningSeat .......................................
Recommended Fluids & Lubricants ... See Maint. Book, p.38
Recovery, Off Road .................................
185
Recreational Vehicle, Towing A .......................
211
262
RemoteFuelDoor .................................
71
Remote Trunk Release ...............................
66
Remote Keyless Entry ................................
259
Replacement Fasteners ..............................
292
Replacing Brake System Parts ........................
60
ReplacingSafetyBelts ...............................
309
ReplacingTires ....................................
ReplacingWheels ..................................
312
Reporting Safety Defects
to Canadian Gov’t. ................See Owner Assistance
to General Motors ................See Owner Assistance
to U.S. Gov’t .....................
See Owner Assistance
Restarting Your Car When It’s Moving ................. 82
Restraint,Infant ....................................
44
Restraint,Occupant .................................
12
60
Restraint Systems, Checking Your ......................
Restraints,Child ....................................
44
Restraints,Head ....................................
10
56
Restraints, Larger Children ...........................
Retained Accessory Power ...........................
327
81
Reverse Gear Position ...............................
“ Riding” The Brakes ...............................
178
139
Road Sensing Suspension ............................
Road, Your Driving And The .........................
163
Road Signs ........................................
163
201
Roads, Hill and Mountain ...........................
Rocking Your Car Out Of Snow, Ice, Sand Or Mud ...... 257
Rotation,Tire .....................................
308
Rotate, If You’re Stuck And Your Front Wheels Can’t ..... 84
Run (Ignition Key Position) ...........................
76
Running Your Engine While You’re Parked.............. 92
S
Safety Belt Extender .................................
Safety Belt Reminder Light .........................
Safety Belt Replacement, Need For ....................
Safety Belt Use During Pregnancy .....................
Safety Belt UsageBy Adults ...........................
Safety Belt Usage By Children .........................
60
12,19
60
33
19
41
P---
c.+
n
n
n
r
SafetyBelts ........................................
12
Safety Belts. Center Rear Passenger’s Position ........... 39
Safety Belts. Cleaning ...............................
319
Safety Belts. How To Wear Properly ....................
19
Safety Belts. Torn ....................................
61
Safety Belts. Rear Seat ...............................
35
Safety Belts. Replacing After A Crash .................. 60
Safety Belts. Right Front. Adult Passenger ............... 34
Safety Belts: They’re For Everyone .....................
12
SafetyBelts. M s t e d .................................
26
Safety Belts. Why To Wear ............................
13
SafetyCautions ......................................
1
Safety Defects
Reporting to Canadian Gov’t ....... See Owner Assistance
Reporting to General Motors .......See Owner Assistance
Reporting to U.S. Gov‘t ............See Owner Assistance
1
Safety Warnings ......................................
Sand. If You’re StuckIn .............................
256
Schedule I Maint . Sew............... See Maint. Book, p.14
Schedule I1 Maint. Sew.............. See Maint. Book. p.16
Scheduled Maint. Serv.,
Explanation of .................. See Maint.Book, p.18
Seat. Lumbar and Heated ..............................
9
Seatback Latches ....................................
11
Seat Belt (Any Subject) ..............................
12
Seats and Safety Belts .................................
6
Seat Controls ........................................
6
Second Gear. When To Use ...........................
83
Securing A Child Restraint .............................
47
Selecting the Right Schedule ......... See Maint.Book. p . 12
Service and Appearance Care ........................
258
Service Center Inspec.& Sen......... See Maint.Book. p.32
Service Engine Soon Warning Light ................... 126
Service Information..................See Owner Assistance
326
Service Parts Identification Label .....................
Service Station Checks ............... See Maint.Book. p.8
Servicing Cadillac withthe Air Bag System .............. 32
Setting The Clock ..................................
160
Setting The Tkip Odometer ..........................
123
Sheet Metal Damage ................................
322
Shift Lever. Console .................................
88
Shift Lever. Positions Of ..............................
80
Shift Lever. Steering Column ..........................
86
Shifting Into Park ...................................
86
Shifting Out Of Park .................................
89
Signaling Tbms .....................................
96
Signs. Road .......................................
163
13
S.1.R ...............................................
27
Skidding ..........................................
187
Slippery Surfaces. Driving On ........................
207
Smaller Children. UseOf Lap-Shoulder Belt ............. 42
Snow. If You’re Stuck In Deep ........................
210
Snow Or Ice. Driving On ............................
207
Snowstorm. If You’re Caught In A Bad ................ 209
Solvent-?lpe Cleaner On Fabric ......................
317
Sound Equipment. Adding ........................
152. 326
Sound System. How to Operate Your .................. 153
Spare Tire. Compact ................................
255
Spark Plug Replacement ............ See Maint. Book. p.22
Specifications ......................................
336
Speedometer And Odometer .........................
122
Speed Sensitive Steering .............................
139
SpeedSensitiveSuspension ..........................
141
Stains.Removing ...................................
318
Start (Ignition Key Position) ..........................
76
Starting Your Engine ................................
76
Starting Your Car If The Battery Is “Dead” ............. 221
Steam From Hot (Overheated) Engine ................. 230
Steep Hill. Parking On A ............................
203
Steering ..........................................
182
Steering Column Shift Lever ..........................
86
Steering In Emergencies .............................
184
SteeringTips ......................................
183
Steering Wheel. Tilt .................................
94
Steering WithoutPower Assist ........................
182
Stereo Sound Systems ...............................
150
Storage. Center Console ..............................
70
Storing Your Vehicle ................................
293
Stuck. If Your Ignition Key Is ..........................
76
Stuck. If Car Is .In Sand. Mud. Ice Or Snow ............ 256
Subscribingto Cadillac Prod. Serv. Pub...... See Own.Assist.
SunglassCompartment ..............................
116
Sunglasses. Wearing At Night ........................
189
Supplemental Inflatable Restraint (S.I.R.) ............... 27
Surge Tank Pressure Cap ............................
284
Symbols Used On Your Vehicle .........................
3
1
b.*
7’-
. .
.
.
.
.c?
.
.
T
Table Of Contents ......... See Frontof Owner Info. Manual
Tachometer .......................................
129
TmillightBulb Replacement ..........................
296
Tamper-Resistance Of Odometer .....................
123
Tape Player Care ...................................
160
c-
.
r
f
rJ
Temperature. Engine. Warning Light .................. 126
Theft ..............................................
72
73
Theft Deterrent System..............................
284
Thermostat ........................................
Third Gear. WhenTb Use ............................
83
94
Tilt Steering Wheel ..................................
Time. Setting The ..................................
160
Tire Chains ........................................
314
Tire. Flat ..........................................
247
Tire Pressure Inflation ..............................
306
Tire Inspection and Rotation.........................
308
Tires ..Loading .....................................
303
Tire Quality Grading................................
310
Tires .............................................
305
Tires. When It's Time For New Tires.................. 309
Torn Safety Belts ....................................
61
Tbrque Lock (Auto Transaxle)........................
205
Towing A Trailer ...................................
211
Towing Your Vehicle ................................
227
Traction Control System .............................
119
Trademarks. GM ...................................
258
Traffic Lights ......................................
170
TrafficOfficer .....................................
172TrailerTowing .....................................
211
Transaxle. Automatic.................................
80
TransaxleFluid ....................................
276
Transaxle Gear Positions.............................
80
Transaxle Service ................... See Maint. Book, p.22
Travel. Brake Pedal .................................
182
Trip Odometer .....................................
123
Trunk Release. Remote ..............................
71
Turn Signal and Lane Change Indicator ................. 96
TurnSignaVHeadlightBeam ..........................
97
W g h t Sentinel ...................................
107
misted Safety Belts ..................................
26
'ItvoChildren Wearing The Same Safety Belt
............. 58
U
UnderbodyMaintenance ............................
Underhood Light ...................................
Uniform Tire Quality Grading ........................
UnleadedGasoline .................................
Uphill. Parking .....................................
UpholsteryCare ...................................
UrbanDriving .....................................
Used Oil. How XIDispose Of ........................
15
322
109
310
259
204
316
196
274
V
Vanity Mirrors, Front Seat ...........................
VehicleDamageWarnings .............................
Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) ..................
Vehicle Storage ....................................
VehicleSymbols ......................................
Vents .............................................
Vinyl,Cleaning ....................................
113
2
325
293
3
143
318
W
Warning Lights. ....................................
123
219
Flashers, Warning Hazard .........................
125
Light, Anti-Lock Brake System ....................
124
Light, Brake System ..............................
128
Light, Engine Oil Pressure ........................
Lights, On Instrument Panel .......................
123
126
Lights, Service Engine Soon .......................
Lights: What To Do If One Goes On ................ 123
1
Warnings,Safety .....................................
Warnings, Vehicle Damage .............................
2
100
Washer,Headlight ..................................
99
Washer, Windshield ..................................
Water, Don’t Use -- For Windshield Washer ............ 100
Wear Indicators, Disc Brake .........................
181
Weatherstrips,Cleaning .............................
321
191
Wet Road Driving ..................................
Wheel Alignment And Tire Balance ................... 312
254
Wheel Nut Torque ..................................
312
WheelReplacement ................................
13
Why Safety Belts Work ...............................
Why Wear Safety Belts? ..............................
12
Window Express Down, Driver’s Side ................... 93
93
Windows,Power ....................................
Windshield
CleaningThe ...................................
320
99
Washer ..........................................
287
Washer Fluid ....................................
Wipers ..........................................
98
299
WiperBladeReplacement ........................
333
Wipers: If They Stop .............................
Winter Driving .....................................
206
Working On YourVehicle ...........................
258
Worn Tires ........................................
309
227
Wrecker Towing ....................................
16
L
.
4
c-
c-
r
,
v,
W
1
1
I
c
Download PDF

advertising