Mobrey MLT100 Intelligent Displacer Level Transmitter Reference Manual IP2020, Rev BA

Mobrey MLT100 Intelligent Displacer Level Transmitter Reference Manual IP2020, Rev BA
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Mobrey MLT100
Intelligent Displacer Level Transmitter
Title Page
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Mobrey MLT100
Intelligent Displacer Level Transmitter
Read this manual before working with the product. For personal and system safety, and for
optimum product performance, make sure you thoroughly understand the contents
before installing, using, or maintaining this product.
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Do not drop the transmitter. Handle with care
Do not use liquids incompatible with materials of construction
Do not operate the transmitter above its rated pressure
Do not pressure test above the specified test pressure
Do not expose the transmitter to excessive vibration
Ensure all explosive atmosphere requirements are applied
Ensure the transmitter and associated pipework are pressure tested to 11/2 times the
maximum operating pressure after installation
The products described in this document are NOT designed for nuclear-qualified applications. Using
non-nuclear qualified products in applications that require nuclear-qualified hardware or products may cause
inaccurate readings.
For information on Rosemount nuclear-qualified products, contact your local Emerson Process Management
Sales Representative.
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Refer to ATEX safety instructions:
MLT100 EExia: See product document IP2020/SI or IP2020/SI Exg
MLT100 EExd: See product document IP2020/SI Exd
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Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The Mobrey MLT100 is a wired liquid displacer level transmitter. It must be installed,
connected, commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel
only, observing any national and local requirements that may apply
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Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment
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Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury
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Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices.
Please review the approvals section in this reference manual for any restrictions
associated with an installation
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Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices
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Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External Surface may be hot
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Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury
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Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury
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If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
Reference Manual
Table of Contents
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Contents
1Section 1: Overview
1.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.2 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.1
Use of the MLT100 Displacer Level Transmitter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.2
Basic operation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.3
Calibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.2.4
Take care! . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2
1.3 Service support. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.4 Product recycling/disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
2Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
2.1 Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2 Mounting arrangements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2.1
External chamber mounting transmitters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.2.2
Direct mounting transmitters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
2.2.3
Level transmitter assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4
2.2.4
Check the transmitter range position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6
2.2.5
Mounting the transmitter on the vessel or chamber. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-7
2.2.6
Securing the LVDT cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-8
3Section 3: Electrical Connections
3.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1
3.2 Overview of the electrical connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3.2.1
Opening the head cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-2
3.2.2
Cable considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3
3.3 Terminal connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3.3.1
Power supply requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3.3.2
HART® communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-4
3.4 Lightning protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3.5 Multi-drop installations (MLT100 in HART digital mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3.5.1
Intrinsically safe installations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3.5.2
Field communicators. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
3.6 Final checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-5
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4Section 4: Commissioning
4.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1
4.2 In-situ commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
4.2.1
Initial power-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
4.2.2
Local calibration adjustments at operating conditions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2
4.2.3
Local calibration using the MMS and the caliplug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3
4.2.4
Adjustments for changing process conditions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4
5Section 5: Fault finding and error messages
5.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1
5.2 Fault finding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.2.1
Finding out why there is no output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.2.2
Finding out why there is an incorrect output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2
5.3 Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
5.3.1
Error messages indicated on the display module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
6Section 6: Maintenance
6.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1
6.2 Routine maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
6.3 Spares. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2
7Section 7: HART communications using a field communicator
and AMS
7.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
7.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1
7.2 Using a field communicator and AMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2
7.3 Concepts to understand before configuring. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3
7.4 Adjustments for process changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4
7.5 Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
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7.5.1
Message (P00) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5
7.5.2
Tag (P01) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
7.5.3
Description (P02) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6
7.5.4
Date (P03) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
7.5.5
Final Assembly Number (P04) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-7
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7.5.6
Sensor Serial Number (P05) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
7.5.7
Password (P06). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-8
7.5.8
Curve Profile (P11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-9
7.5.9
Contents (Volume) Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-10
7.5.10 Non-linear Profile Points 1 to 10 (P30 to P39) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-15
7.5.11 PV Units (P12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-15
7.5.12 PV Scale Factor (P13). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-16
7.5.13 Standing Value (P14). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-17
7.5.14 Calibration Max (P15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-19
7.5.15 Calibration Min (P16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-20
7.5.16 Level For Max PV (P17) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-20
7.5.17 Level For Min PV (P18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-21
7.5.18 Smoothing Time / Damping (P20) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-22
7.5.19 Alarm Delay (P21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-23
7.5.20 Alarm Action (P22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-23
7.5.21 Display 1 (P23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-24
7.5.22 Display 2 (P24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-24
7.5.23 Process Temperature (P25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-25
7.5.24 SG Lower (P26) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-26
7.5.25 SG Upper (P27). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-26
7.5.26 Temperature (P44) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-27
7.5.27 Temp Coefficient (P45). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-28
7.5.28 Temperature Max (P46) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-28
7.5.29 Temperature Min (P47) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-29
7.5.30 Displacer Length (P51) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-29
7.5.31 Displacer Area (P52) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-30
7.5.32 Displacer Weight (P53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-30
7.5.33 Spring Material (P54). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-31
7.5.34 Spring Rate (P55) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-31
7.5.35 Temperature Setup (P58). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-32
7.5.36 SG Setup (P59) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-32
7.5.37 Minimum Sensor Output (P60) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-33
7.5.38 LDVT Coefficients 1 to 5 (P61 to P65) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-33
7.5.39 LVDT Gain Factor (P66). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-34
7.5.40 LVDT Rate (P67) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-34
7.5.41 Upper Sensor Limit (P68) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-35
7.5.42 Lower Sensor Limit (P69) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-35
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7.6 Monitoring and diagnostic parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-36
7.6.1
Manufacturer ID (D00) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-36
7.6.2
Model Code (D01) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-37
7.6.3
Request Preamble (D02) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-37
7.6.4
HART Command Revision (D03) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-38
7.6.5
Transmitter Specific Command Rev. (D04) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-38
7.6.6
Software Revision (D05) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-39
7.6.7
Hardware Revision (D06) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-39
7.6.8
Device ID (D08) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-40
7.6.9
Process Value (D10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-40
7.6.10 Level (D11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-41
7.6.11 Current Output (D12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-41
7.6.12 Percent Range (D13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-42
7.6.13 Ullage (D14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-42
7.6.14 Normalized LVDT Output (D21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-43
7.6.15 Compensated LVDT Output (D22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-43
7.6.16 Raw LVDT Output (D23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-44
7.6.17 Percent Level (D24) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-44
7.6.18 Temperature (D25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7-45
AAppendix A: Reference Data
A.1 Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-1
A.1.1
Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
A.2 Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-2
A.3 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-4
A.3.1
Pressure Tube Types A and B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
A.4 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .A-6
BAppendix B: Bolting Torque Details (Carbon Steel Bolts Only)
B.1 Bolting torque details (carbon steel bolts only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
CAppendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C
C.1 Using the set-Up certificate to bench check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-1
C.2 Calibration check using water at 20 °C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-1
C.3 The calibration certificate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .C-2
vi
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Table of Contents
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
DAppendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
D.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
D.2 MLT100 menu structure and parameter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
EAppendix E: Data Processing Flow Chart
E.1 Data processing flow chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
Table of Contents
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June 2012
viii
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IP2020, Rev BA
Table of Contents
Section 1: Overview
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 1
Overview
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1-1
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1-2
Service support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1-3
Product recycling/disposal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 1-3
1.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
1.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a field communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External surface may be hot

Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury

Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury




If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals.
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
1-1
Section 1: Overview
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
1.2
Overview
1.2.1
Use of the MLT100 Displacer Level Transmitter
The Mobrey MLT100 Displacer Level Transmitter transmits a 4–20mA signal proportional to the
liquid level or interface position over a simple 2-wire 24 vdc power loop. The MLT100 is installed
either directly on the top of a vessel or in an external chamber, and then valved to the main
vessel such that the displacer element is immersed in the liquid.
The MLT100 may be installed in a hazardous area. There are two designs of the MLT100: one is
Intrinsically Safe for use in a suitable I.S. circuit, and the other one is Flameproof/Explosion-proof
and suitable for connection to suitable stopper glands and conduit. Always refer to the
accompanying safety instructions IP2020/SI Ex, IP2020/SI Exd, or IP2020/SI Exg.
An MLT100 may be used in a non-hazardous area, where any local wiring requirements apply.
1.2.2
Basic operation
The displacer, which is normally partially-immersed in the process fluid, is suspended from an
extension spring. The effective weight on this spring changes as the level of the process liquid
rises and falls on the displacer. This is predictable, and depends upon the density of the liquid
and the diameter of the displacer. In turn, the extension of the suspension spring will change as
the weight suspended from it changes. The core of an LVDT (Linear Variable Differential
Transformer) is attached to the moving parts suspended from the spring, and moves up and
down in the pressure tube of the transmitter enclosure. An LVDT is positioned on the pressure
tube in the enclosure. The positional changes of the core in relation to the LVDT will cause
electrical changes which are interpreted by the transmitter electronics as changes of liquid level.
1.2.3
Calibration
Each MLT100 is factory calibrated to give optimum performance in the application conditions
advised at the time of order. Provided these conditions have not changed, the instrument will
give accurate readings of level at operating pressure, temperature and specific gravity (SG).
Refer to Section 4: Commissioning and Section 5: Fault finding and error messages for details of
re-calibration, if this is necessary.
1.2.4
Take care!
The MLT100 is an instrument, and should be handled with due care and attention at all times.
Mounting flanges can be heavy and difficult to handle.
It is particularly important that the MLT100 is not damaged when installing on the vessel or
chamber, and that the Installation instructions in are carefully followed.
1-2
Reference Manual
Section 1: Overview
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 1-1. The Mobrey MLT100 Displacer Level Transmitter
A
B
C
A. Caliplug
B. 20 mA Point
C. 4 mA Point
1.3
Service support
Please contact Rosemount Measurement (see back page) in the event of any difficulty in the
installation, operation, or maintenance of the product.
To expedite a return process, contact Rosemount Measurement.
Individuals who handle products exposed to a hazardous substance can avoid injury if they
are informed of, and understand, the hazard. If the product being returned was exposed to
a hazardous substance as defined by OSHA, a copy of the required Material Safety Data
Sheet for each hazardous substance identified must be included with the returned goods.
1.4
Product recycling/disposal
Recycling of equipment and packaging should be taken into consideration. The product and
packaging should be disposed of in accordance with local and national legislation.
1-3
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 1: Overview
June 2012
1-4
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 2
Unpacking and Installation
Unpacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 2-1
Mounting arrangements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 2-1
2.1
Unpacking
The MLT100 may be pre-assembled or supplied in three parts requiring assembly.
If assembly is required, it typically arrives in two packages. The larger package contains the
control head and spring/rod assembly. A second package contains the displacement element.
Note
Any mounting flange or chamber is packaged separately.
After unpacking the control head, check that the model code/Tag Number is the one expected
for this application (see “Ordering information” on page 2 for model code explanation).
The control head, the spring/rod assembly, and the displacer element are a matched set. These
components must not be used on other MLT100 transmitters. Each component is marked with
the unique transmitter’s Final Assembly Number for identification.
Note
If there are any queries, please contact your local Rosemount Measurement representative or
Rosemount Measurement directly, quoting the transmitter Final Assembly Number and the
order reference.
2.2
Mounting arrangements
Note
See accompanying safety instructions
2.2.1
External chamber mounting transmitters
If a chamber has been supplied, unpack and remove any packing or tie strings. Ensure that the
chamber is completely clean and fit to the mating vessel connections. The chamber should be
mounted within 11/2 degree to the vertical, and the top flange should be checked with a spirit
level to see it is horizontal.
Sometimes, when the MLT100 is used on a chamber, there is not enough space above the upper
liquid level for its moving parts. In these situations an extension in the form of a stand pipe will
have been supplied, and this should now be fitted to the chamber using a suitable gasket or seal,
ensuring once again that the top flange is horizontal. The chamber should be mounted as close
to the vessel as possible with minimum pipe length.
2-1
Reference Manual
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 2-1. MLT100 main components
ø180 mm
A
B
C
170 mm
200 mm
D
E
F
G
H
A. LVDT (Linear Variable Differential Transformer)
B. Core
C. Potted electronics
D. Cover
E. Base
F. Flange (If Fitted), otherwise threaded process connection
G. Spring and Rod Assembly
H. Displacer
2-2
Reference Manual
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 2-2. Pressure tube assembly
100 mm (A) or 321 mm (B)
A. Standard temperature MLT100
B. High temperature MLT100
2.2.2
Direct mounting transmitters
Stilling tubes
If there is a high degree of agitation in the vessel, such that the displacer element could be
caused to swing or bounce, then a stilling tube should be installed in the vessel. Ensure that the
stilling tube has an internal diameter large enough to allow free movement of the displacer
element, and that a vent hole is drilled at the top to prevent air-locks. The tube must be installed
vertically so that the displacer element does not touch the tube at any point.
Stand-off
Sometimes, when the MLT100 is used on a vessel, there is not enough space above the upper
liquid level for its moving parts. In these situations an extension in the form of a stand pipe will
have been supplied, and this should now be fitted to the vessel using a suitable gasket or seal,
ensuring that the top flange is horizontal.
2-3
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
2.2.3
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Level transmitter assembly
Important notes
It is strongly recommended that two people work together at this stage, particularly when
installing the instrument on the vessel.
Take great care not to bend the rod or stretch the spring at any stage of installation. A bent rod
or stretched spring will prevent your MLT100 from working.
Do not slacken any of the lock nuts on the rod assembly; these have all been preset for your
application.
When unpacked, the enclosure will be free to rotate on the pressure tube assembly. This is to
allow correct orientation of the enclosure, conduit entry and display (if fitted) after installation.
High pressure transmitters will have been supplied with the head factory-fitted and secured in
the mounting flange. If a flange is supplied separately, you should now screw the head into the
mounting flange using a suitable thread sealant, using the hexagon to tighten and effect the
pressure seal. The thread is a 1-in. NPT taper.
Next, fit the spring and rod assembly to the head. Make sure that the core, rod, and anti-friction
sleeve are free from any dirt or pieces of packing material. Remove any seal from the bottom of
the pressure tube assembly and gently pass the core into the pressure tube assembly. Carefully
feed the rod into the tube, avoiding the step reduction in diameter of the internal bore of the
tube. (See Figure 2-2 on page 3).
Once inserted, check that the rod moves freely in the pressure tube, then screw the top of the
upper spring carrier onto the thread at the foot of the pressure tube. Assemble finger tight, then
lock in position by tightening the 3 mm grub screw using a 1.5 mm hexagonal key
(see Figure 2-3 on page 5).
The head assembly is now complete and no other adjustments need be made at this stage.
Your Rosemount Measurement transmitter has already been factory calibrated for use at the
operating conditions stated at the time of order. Decide now if you wish to bench check the
calibration of your transmitter at 20 °C, in which case refer to Appendix C: Bench Checking –
LDVT Setting 20 °C. If you want to mount your transmitter on the vessel and check calibration
at operating conditions, please read on.
2-4
Reference Manual
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 2-3. Level transmitter components
A
G
H
B
C
I
D
J
E
F
K
L
M
N
O
Q
P
R
S
T
U
S
A. LVDT Locknut
H. Cable Entry Is At Back
O. Rod
B, LVDT Cap
I. Display (Optional)
P. 3 mm Grub Screw
C. Coil Housing
J. Caliplug)
Q Upper Spring Carrier
D. Cover
K. Pressure Tube Assembly
R. Spring Assembly
E. Base Casting
L. Mounting Flange (If Ordered)
S. Coupling
F. M5 Grub Screws (x2)
M. Core
T. Split Pin
G. Control Head
N. Anti-friction Sleeve
U. Chain
2-5
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 2-4. Supporting the displacer element before mounting the head assembly
2.2.4
Check the transmitter range position
Note
This section is for normal liquid applications, and not interface applications.
Before you mount the transmitter assembly into the vessel, you may wish to check that the
displacer element is hanging at the correct level below the transmitter head.
Attach the chain at the top of the displacer element (See Figure 2-3 on page 5) to the end of the
spring rod using the coupling provided.
With the displacer element hanging in free air at 20 °C and the spring extended by the weight of
the displacer, measure the distance from the sealing face of the mounting flange to the bottom
of the displacer, which is called the “free hanging distance”. Include the thickness of any seals or
gaskets.
This is the approximate distance below the sealing face of the flange which is factory calibrated
to give a 4 mA output from the transmitter in a normal level application, unless you requested
otherwise at the time of order. You can re-range later if required (Section 4: Commissioning).
For interface applications it is not possible to check the 4mA point without the upper liquid
present.
Check that this dimension is correct to your requirements, ±6mm, particularly if you are
mounting the transmitter on a chamber. In this case, the dimension should be equal to the
dimension from the chamber mounting flange sealing face to the centre line of the bottom
process connection bore, or around 30mm from the bottom of the chamber for a side/bottom
connection chamber.
There is some mechanical adjustment possible of the position of the displacer element below
the top flange: ±25 mm. If the error is within this band, locate the small length (typically five
links) of chain on which the displacer element is suspended and adjust the number of links to
2-6
Reference Manual
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
correct the error. Do not cut any surplus links from the chain. If the error is greater
than±25 mm, contact Rosemount Measurement for help.
Figure 2-5. Securing The LVDT Cap
A
F
E
D
B
C
A. LVDT Locknut
B. Cover Seal
C. Display (Optional)
D. Cover Locking Safety Grub Screw
E. Transit Tape
F. LVDT Cap
2.2.5
Mounting the transmitter on the vessel or chamber
If you attached the displacer to the head as above, it is best to now disconnect the displacer
from the rod, leaving the chain attached to the displacer. Ensure that the chain is securely fixed
to the displacer, checking that the locknut is tight.
Slip the 5 mm diameter support rod through the lowest link of the chain, and then carefully
lower the displacer into the vessel so that the weight of the displacer is taken by the rod and the
vessel mounting flange (see Figure 2-4 on page 6).
Remember that the enclosure is still free to rotate on the pressure tube at this stage.
Ensure a suitable gasket or seal is fitted to the mating flange and, holding the head vertical,
attach the bottom of the rod to the chain coupling. Tighten the lock nut against the coupling.
Taking the weight of the displacer by hand, carefully withdraw the support rod and allow the
displacer element to extend the spring, lowering the element into the vessel. Do not allow the
displacer weight to fall freely and damage the spring.
Check that the displacer element does not foul on any part of the chamber or vessel.
2-7
Section 2: Unpacking and Installation
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Locate the transmitter flange on the mating flange so that the cable entry and display (if fitted)
are facing the way you require.
Fit the flange bolts and tighten to the recommended torque (see Appendix B: Bolting Torque
Details (Carbon Steel Bolts Only)) to achieve a pressure seal. Check that the pressure tube is
sufficiently tightened into the top flange, using the hexagons on the pressure tube.
Rotate the enclosure to the exact position required and tighten the 2 off M5 grub screws (see
Figure 2-3 on page 5) under the enclosure base onto the hexagon flats of the pressure tube to
prevent further rotation of the enclosure on the pressure tube.
2.2.6
Securing the LVDT cap
The LVDT cap inside the enclosure leaves the factory free to rotate on the pressure tube so that
movement in transit and during installation is not transmitted to the LVDT. The LVDT cap must
now be secured in position (see Figure 2-5 on page 7).
If the cover is in place, locate and unscrew the cover locking safety grub screw and unscrew the
cover from the base.
Locate and tighten the LVDT locknut (at the top of the pressure tube) against the top of the
LVDT cap so that it can no longer rotate on the LVDT. Remove the transit tape from the LVDT.
Refer now to the wiring section or, if the transmitter is to be left in this condition for a period,
check that the cover seal is in good condition and re-fit the cover, then secure cover locking
screw. Check any conduits are suitably sealed against ingress of moisture.
2-8
Section 3: Electrical Connections
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 3
Electrical Connections
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-1
Overview of the electrical connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-2
Terminal connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-4
Lightning protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-5
Multi-drop installations (MLT100 in HART digital mode) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-5
Final checks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 3-5
3.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External surface may be hot

Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury



Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
3-1
Section 3: Electrical Connections
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury



3.2
If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
Overview of the electrical connections
The MLT100 is a two-wire, loop-powered transmitter and requires a 24 Vdc nominal supply.
It provides a 4–20 mA output of the level measurement and supports HART communications.
General considerations
3.2.1

When installing in a hazardous area, refer also to the safety instructions booklet:
MLT100 EExia: See product document IP2020/SI or IP2020/SI Exg
MLT100 EExd: See product document IP2020/SI Exd

To minimize the electrical shock hazard, before energizing it is essential that the
equipment is connected to a protective ground using the terminals supplied

It is the responsibility of the installer to observe all local regulations and approval
requirements, and to use materials to suit the environmental conditions of the
particular application. Check and obtain any hazardous area work permits before
applying power to the MLT100

If your MLT100 has been supplied with a Display module, note that you do not need to
remove the Display module cover for wiring. All field wiring is connected in the main
head enclosure

In multi-drop HART installations, the 4–20mA output of the level measurement is not
available (see “Multi-drop installations (MLT100 in HART digital mode)” on page 3-5).
Opening the head cover
To remove the head cover, unscrew the cover locking safety grub screw (Figure 2-5 on page 2-7)
and unscrew the cover from the base.
Figure 3-1 shows the layout inside the transmitter with the cover removed.
A terminal block is provided for the power supply and cable screen connections, together with a
pair of 2 mm sockets for connection of an ammeter to monitor the loop current.
There are two small sockets integrated into the terminal block for convenient connection of a
Field Communicator if required. (Use only an Intrinsically Safe approved field communicator if
installing the MLT100 in a Hazardous area).
The small target and LED’s are used for bench calibration of the transmitter if required.
See Section 4: Commissioning for bench calibration details.
Whilst the cover is removed, ensure that the two multi-way plugs are not disturbed in their
sockets. (The plugs have been secured in their sockets at the factory with a sealing compound).
3-2
Reference Manual
Section 3: Electrical Connections
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 3-1. Transmitter head with cover removed
A
B
F
E
C
D
A. Cable Entry 1-in. NPT
3.2.2
D. Cover Plate
B. Display Connection
E. Caliplug (Connected To Optional Display)
C. LVDT Connection
F. Power Supply Terminals
Cable considerations
The cable should be single twisted pair shielded or multiple twisted pair with each pair shielded
and an overall shield to BS5308 or equivalent.
The terminal block will accept wire size up to 2.5 mm2 (16SWG, 14AWG). It is recommended
that the minimum conductor size should be 1 mm2 up to 5000 ft. total length and 20 AWG
above 5000 ft., but always ensure that the voltage at the terminals is a minimum of 12 Vdc.
Cable capacitance in intrinsically safe circuits
When used in Hazardous areas in an Intrinsically Safe circuit, refer to the Safety Instructions
booklet (IP2020/SI Ex, IP2020/SI Exd, or IP2020/SI Exg) supplied with the transmitter, and local
and national codes of practice, to determine the maximum cable capacitance allowed.
Multi-core cables
In multi-pair installations, it is important that the other pairs do not interfere with the HART
signalling. The other pairs should only be used for other HART loops or for purely analogue
signals.
It is recommended that HART signal cables are not run alongside power cables.
Cable gland
The cable gland entry thread is 1-in. NPT female; the enclosure is rated IP66 and so a suitable
combination of gland and cable should be selected. When used in a hazardous area, glands
must comply with the relevant Intrinsically Safe or Flameproof/Explosion-proof requirements.
Refer also to the Safety Instructions booklet (IP2020/SI, IP2020/SI Exd, or IP2020/SI Exg)
supplied with the transmitter.
3-3
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Section 3: Electrical Connections
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
3.3
Terminal connections
Connection of the cable is to the + and – terminals with the cable screen being connected to the
‘scn’ terminal. The cable screen should normally be earthed at the power supply end. An internal
and external earth point is also provided.
3.3.1
Power supply requirements
Operating voltage
The MLT100 will work satisfactorily provided the voltage at the transmitter terminals remains
between 12 and 40 Vdc.
In considering the voltage of the power supply, allowance must be made for the voltage drop
across any load in series with the transmitter such as an indicator, safety barrier, or the cable
itself. The largest voltage drop will occur at the maximum current which is 21 mA under alarm
conditions.
See Figure 3-2 for a Load versus Voltage graph, which defines the acceptable range of power
supply voltages for any given installation.
Figure 3-2. Load Versus Voltage
Minimum Supply Voltage (V)
SUPPLY VOLTAGE REQUIREMENTS
Loop Resistance (Ohms)
3.3.2
HART® communications
If the HART communications is to be used at the time of installation or during its future working
life, then it is essential that a resistive load of at least 250 Ohms is connected in the supply cable.
This resistance may be provided by other devices in the loop (chart recorder, meter, etc.) or
more usually by installing a standard 270 Ohm, 0.25 W resistor in series. In this way, the HART
Master device is able to signal to the transmitter without the power supply short-circuiting the
data.
3-4
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Section 3: Electrical Connections
IP2020, Rev BA
3.4
June 2012
Lightning protection
If local conditions dictate, it is recommended that a lightning suppressor is fitted. A typical
manufacturer is Telematic who can supply products suitable for IS as well as non-IS installations.
3.5
Multi-drop installations
(MLT100 in HART digital mode)
Up to 15 transmitters (unless in an IS loop – see below) may be connected in parallel with each
other, and each must be set to a different HART address between 1 and 15
(see Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map).
When HART transmitters are connected in multi-drop mode, each transmitter draws a fixed
current of 4 mA, and allowance must be made for the total maximum current that could be
drawn (i.e. 15 x 4 mA = 60 mA).
In HART digital mode, the 4–20mA output of the level measurement is not available.
3.5.1
Intrinsically safe installations
In multi-drop IS installations, typically a maximum of five transmitters may be connected to the
loop in parallel, thus limiting the current in the loop.
3.5.2
Field communicators
A field communicator may be connected across the network (downstream of the minimum
250 Ohm loop resistance) to configure or interrogate a HART transmitter.
Some field communicators support only a subset of a transmitter’s functions, and will only
access the transmitters Universal and Common Practice commands. However, the MLT100 is
fully supported by the Rosemount 375/475 Field Communicator if it is loaded with the
transmitter’s Device Description.
3.6
Final checks
When all wiring is complete, check that the two multi-way plugs remain securely in their
respective sockets.
Check that the cable gland is tightened into the conduit and a good seal is formed.
If the transmitter is to be commissioned at this point, refer now to Section 4: Commissioning.
If not, check that the cover seal is in good condition, then replace the cover and screw down fully
to ensure the weatherproof rating of the enclosure is maintained. (Do not attempt to
overtighten as the torque you apply to the cover will be transmitted to the pressure tube union
and locking screws; these must not be loosened by overtightening of the cover).
Finally, prior to energizing, tighten the cover locking safety grub screw.
3-5
Section 3: Electrical Connections
June 2012
3-6
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
Reference Manual
Section 4: Commissioning
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Section 4
Commissioning
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 4-1
In-situ commissioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 4-2
4.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Refer to the following safety messages before performing
an operation preceded by this symbol.
4.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External surface may be hot


Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury
Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure

Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury




If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
4-1
Section 4: Commissioning
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
4.2
In-situ commissioning
The MLT100 transmitter has been supplied calibrated to the requirements of the specific
application advised at the time of ordering. Refer to the Set-up Certificate supplied with the
transmitter to check that this data is still valid. If you wish to carry out some bench calibration or
testing, refer now to Appendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C.
Important

Some of the adjustments described below require the MLT100 cover to be removed
with power on. Check and obtain any hazardous area work permits required before
removing the cover.

4.2.1
Prior to energizing, ensure that the cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Initial power-up
Turn on the power and check that the “Heartbeat” LED in the Caliplug beats at about once every
3 seconds.
If the transmitter is fitted with a display module, the display will show the software revision
number (in the format *.*), and then change to show the measured value.
With the displacer element hanging on the spring and rod assembly, the displacer spring is
extended due to the weight of the element hanging on it.
The transmitter has been calibrated to give an accurate 4–20 mA output proportional to level at
a specific set of operating conditions: specific gravity (SG), pressure, and temperature.
Consequently, the level measurement at 20 °C may not be as you expect.
After operating conditions are reached, the spring will relax and the core will drop, giving an
output of 4 mA with the vessel empty.
4.2.2
Local calibration adjustments at operating conditions
After the vessel has reached process operating conditions, the following can be checked and
adjusted if required:

If you wish to fine tune the 4 and 20 mA points or to re-range the transmitter to give the
4–20 mA output over a different span, this can now be done.
Note
To maintain accuracy, it is recommended the maximum turndown used is 3:1.
Zero level (4 mA point)
With no liquid in the vessel, the output should be 4 mA.
If the output is within 3.9 and 4.1 mA, refer to “Local calibration using the MMS and the
caliplug” on page 4-3 to fine tune to exactly 4 mA.
If the output with the vessel empty and at operating conditions is outside of these limits, it is
likely that the position of the LVDT in the transmitter head needs to be adjusted. Refer to
Appendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C before making any further adjustments.
4-2
Reference Manual
Section 4: Commissioning
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
High level (20 mA point)
This occurs with the displacer element almost fully covered with liquid (to within 10 to 15 mm of
the top of the parallel portion of the element), and the output should be 20 mA.
These adjustments may be made locally with:

a Mobrey Magnetic Scroller (MMS)

a Caliplug on the transmitter
(see “Local calibration using the MMS and the caliplug” on page 4-3)

a Field Communicator connected across the two-wire loop

a PC running AMS Suite: Intelligence Device Manager software
Note
See Section 7 for adjustments using a Field Communicator or AMS.
4.2.3
Local calibration using the MMS and the caliplug
This section describes how to locally calibrate using the Mobrey Magnetic Scroller (MMS) and
the Caliplug when the transmitter is at operating pressure, temperature, and SG).
Note
The 4 mA point can be positioned above the 20 mA point to reverse the operation of the
transmitter, thus giving a falling current output with rising liquid level.
4 mA Point
With the vessel empty or the liquid at the level required for 4mA output, insert the magnetic tip
of the MMS into the Caliplug port marked “Z”. Hold in until acceptance of the new setting is
given by the Caliplug LED flashing at an increased rate of twice per second.
20 mA Point
With the liquid at the level required for 20 mA output, insert the magnetic tip of the MMS into
the Caliplug port marked “S”. Hold in until acceptance of the new setting is given by the Caliplug
LED flashing at an increased rate of twice per second.
Ranging with a partially full vessel
If it is not possible to fill the vessel to the required level for a 20 mA output, the transmitter can
be ranged in a partially full vessel.
With liquid in the vessel at a level above the 4 mA level, the current output can be incremented
to a value that represents this level. For example, with the vessel ¾ full, the current would be set
at a value of 16 mA.
Connect a milliammeter to the two sockets inside the enclosure.
To enter the ranging mode, hold the MMS on the small target icon on the internal nameplate for
about 3 seconds. One (or both) of the 2 LED’s adjacent to the target icon will start to flash. Insert
the magnetic tip of the MMS into the “S” port of the Caliplug to increase the current out as
4-3
Section 4: Commissioning
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
shown on the milliammeter, or the “Z” port to decrease the current at this level. Withdraw the
MMS once the current level has been set to the required level.
Hold the MMS on the target again to deactivate the LED’s and exit the ranging mode.
Note, the instrument will automatically exit the ranging mode if left for longer than 5 minutes.
Damping
The damping of the transmitter level measurement may be adjusted using the MMS and the
Caliplug. The damping value entered is actually a time constant in seconds which is applied as
smoothing to the level reading and the output current. A new value may be entered up to a
value of 100 seconds. A large value will have the effect of smoothing out rapid changes of level
and will also smooth out the effects of turbulence. (It would be highly unusual to select a value
greater than 30 seconds).
Insert the magnetic tip of the MMS into the “T” port of the Caliplug and hold in place for a
number of seconds equivalent to the damping that you require, noting that the LED flash rate
increases to once per second during setting of damping. After the MMS is removed, the new
damping value is set.
Your MLT100 is now ready to operate.
Finally, check all seals and conduits are in good condition and replace the transmitter head cover
and secure with the locking grub screw.
If you experience any unusual output or apparently faulty operation of your MLT100, refer to the
Adjustments for changing process conditions and Section 5.
4.2.4
Adjustments for changing process conditions
It may be that actual process conditions are a little different to those envisaged at time of order
and used to set-up your MLT100.
The MLT100 has been factory set to give you the correct output under the operating conditions
which you quoted in your enquiry/order. If you intend to operate outside the parameters for
which the MLT100 has been factory set, please read the notes below. These describe a variety of
deviations and their implications. Typical deviations are:

More dense process (lower) liquid

Less dense process (lower) liquid

More dense upper liquid/gas

Less dense upper liquid/gas

Higher process temperature

Lower process temperature

The range is in the wrong place
The electronics can be re-configured to accommodate different operating conditions, but your
working range may be affected. The transmitter output can be re-ranged, giving the 4–20 mA
output over the correct liquid level excursion, but this is achieved electronically by changing the
values of pre-programmed parameters. The base process value (PV) will still show as the true
measured value of the liquid level. Transmitter accuracy is little affected provided the process
condition changes are within the limits stated in each case.
4-4
Reference Manual
Section 4: Commissioning
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for adjustments using a Field Communicator or
AMS.
Adjustments using the MMS to re-range the MLT100
Sometimes the effects of changed process operating conditions, provided that they are within
the limits stated in each case below, are minimal and simple re-ranging using the Mobrey
Magnetic Scroller (MMS) tool to set new Zero and Span levels is adequate.
Refer now to the various conditions below:
More dense process (lower) liquid
Because the lift from the process liquid is increased, the MLT100 output will show 100% (top
level) when the level in the vessel is below what you expect.
We recommend that you accept this; re-ranging the MLT100 to give 20 mA at full vessel
conditions is not recommended as this may cause the LVDT to operate outside of its calibrated
range. At the low level (0%), the MLT100 output will correctly correspond with the level in the
vessel.
Less dense process (lower) liquid
The lift from the process liquid is reduced and the MLT100 output will never reach 100% (top
level). The process liquid reaches the top of the Displacer without providing the upthrust
expected. The range will thus be reduced at its top end.
It is possible to re-range the MLT100 to output 20 mA with the displacer element fully covered in
this less dense liquid. Refer to “Local calibration adjustments at operating conditions” on
page 4-2 for re-ranging. At the low level (0%), the MLT100 output will correctly correspond with
the level in the vessel.
More dense upper liquid/gas
The effect can be significant with an interface liquid, or where the gas above the process liquid is
at a very high pressure. The displacer will be covered by the process liquid at high level (100%)
and at this point the MLT100 output will correspond with the level in the vessel.
At the other extreme, when the displacer is entirely in the upper liquid/gas, the extra lift will
cause the MLT100 output to have a value higher than the 0% that you would expect from the
level in the vessel. For example, when the interface reaches the bottom of the displacer, the
MLT100 output might be 2%. If the interface falls further, no change in MLT100 output can
occur.
It is possible to re-range the MLT100 to output 4 mA (0%) when the displacer element is covered
with the more dense upper liquid or gas. Refer to “Local calibration adjustments at operating
conditions” on page 4-2 for re-ranging.
Less dense upper liquid/gas
The displacer will be covered by the process liquid at high level (100%) and at this point the
MLT100 output will correspond with the level in the vessel.
4-5
Reference Manual
Section 4: Commissioning
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
At the other extreme, when the displacer is entirely in the upper liquid/gas, the reduced lift will
cause the MLT100 output to give a value of 0% whilst the element is still partially immersed in
the lower liquid.
We recommend that you accept this; re-ranging the MLT100 to give 4 mA (0%) when the
displacer element is covered by the less dense upper liquid or gas is not recommended
as this may cause the LVDT to operate outside of its calibrated range.
Higher process temperature
The spring rate will be lower and, therefore, the displacer hangs lower than it was designed to.
The MLT100 output will indicate a lower level in the vessel than that which actually exists. This
deviation will be greater at low level than at high level.
You should check from the graphs in Figure 4-1, that the new process temperature does not
require a longer pressure tube assembly. If it does, talk to Rosemount Measurement about what
is best to be done, otherwise the electronics will be damaged by excessive temperature.
Figure 4-1. Temperature graphs for selecting pressure tube type A or B
Pressure Tube Type Selection (Non-condensing Liquids)
380
320
260
200
140
80
20
277
Contact Rosemount Measurement
Process °C
Process °C
Pressure Tube Type Selection (Condensing Liquids)
224 High Temperature (Type B)
Standard Temperature (Type A)
20
40
60
80
80
Ambient °C
380
320
260
200
140
80
20
55
20
High Temperature
(Type B)
Standard Temperature (Type A)
20
40
60
80
80
Ambient °C
Lower process temperature
The spring rate will be higher so the displacer will hang higher than it was designed to. The
MLT100 output will indicate a higher level in the vessel than that which actually exists. This
deviation will be greater at low level than at high level.
Use the MMS to set zero at this point (see “Adjustments for changing process conditions” on
page 4-4). However, if the change in process temperature from that quoted at time of order is
greater than ±50 °C, the LVDT may operate outside of its calibrated range at higher liquid levels.
The range is in the wrong place
Lengthening or shortening the suspension chain will put this right. Where the chain would
need to be shorter than one link, the only possibility is to fit a stand-off to the vessel/chamber.
Rosemount Measurement can help with this. Rosemount Measurement can also supply chain
and matching split pins to replace the chain supplied if you need a greater length.
4-6
Section 5: Fault finding and error messages
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 5
Fault finding and error messages
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 5-1
Fault finding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 5-2
Error messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 5-3
5.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
5.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External Surface may be hot


Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury
Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury




If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals.
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
5-1
Section 5: Fault finding and error messages
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
5.2
Fault finding
5.2.1
Finding out why there is no output
When there is no output:
5.2.2

Check the voltage at the transmitter terminals is greater than 12 Vdc

Check that the polarity of the power applied is correct.
(The MLT100 is reverse polarity protected)

If the above is correct, check that the Caliplug LED is flashing at a frequency of about
once every 3 seconds

Check that the Caliplug connection lead is secure in its socket

If a display is fitted, check that the display lead is secure in its socket and that the display
is showing a reading

If there is no Display or Caliplug LED activity, the MLT100 should be returned to
Rosemount Measurement or your local agent for repair or replacement
Finding out why there is an incorrect output
If your MLT100 does not have a display module fitted, but you are seeing an incorrect current
output for a known level in the tank, check the following:
5-2

Check that the correct displacer and spring/rod assembly have been fitted to the
transmitter head. Each item will be marked with the same Final Assembly Number
(FAN). The instrument FAN is on the Set-up Certificate supplied with each MLT100

Check that the displacer element is hanging at the correct level below the transmitter
mounting flange. Refer to “Check the transmitter range position” on page 2-6

Check that the rod and core move freely in the pressure tube. A bent or damaged rod
could result in sluggish or incorrect output

Check that the spring is not damaged. Any permanent deformation by over-extension
will cause incorrect readings

Check that the liquid SG, operating pressure and temperature at the MLT100 are all as
given on the Set-up certificate. Some site adjustments are possible.
Refer to “Local calibration adjustments at operating conditions” on page 4-2

If the MLT100 is assembled correctly and all components move freely, carry out a bench
check as detailed in Appendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C to ensure that
the LVDT is positioned correctly

Check the spring and rod assembly is fully screwed onto the head (lower end of the
pressure tube) and locked in place with the grub screw
Reference Manual
Section 5: Fault finding and error messages
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
5.3
Error messages
5.3.1
Error messages indicated on the display module
The MLT100 transmitter monitors its performance and reacts to any problems. If a display
module is fitted, description of the condition will be displayed on there.
Only one alarm condition is displayed at any one time. Therefore, each alarm is allocated a
priority (see Table 5-1). Additionally, for certain conditions, the current output will take the value
of parameter P22 after a delay specified by parameter P21.
Table 5-1. Alarm Condition Priorities
Priority
Description of Error
Message
1
ROM Checksum Error
2
RAM Error
3
EEPROM Checksum Error
4
ADC reference too high
5
ADC reference too low
6
Sensor output too high
7
Sensor output too low
8
PV out of limits
9
Temperature out of limits
10
Current Saturated
Error Message
Displayed
Current Output
Affected?
ROM
ROM
E’PROM
ADC H
ADC L
SO H
SO L
PV OL
°C OL
SAT
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
N
N
N
N
N
Messages and required actions
ROM, RAM, E’PROM, ADC H, and ADC L
These errors are generated when internal self-checking reveals a fault. The MLT100 should
be returned to Rosemount Measurement or your local agent for repair or replacement.
SO H
This means that the core has travelled too high in the pressure tube and that the LVDT output is
therefore too high.
Required actions:
1.
Check that the displacer element is the correct element for this MLT100.
2.
Do a bench calibration to check that the LVDT is in the correct position.
3.
If the message only appears when there is liquid in the vessel, check that the liquid/gas
specific gravity (SG) is as expected, and not too high.
5-3
Section 5: Fault finding and error messages
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
SO L
This means that the core is too low in the pressure tube and that the LVDT output is therefore
too low.
Required actions:
1.
Check that the displacer element is the correct element for this MLT100.
2.
Check the spring is not damaged.
3.
Check the spring and rod assembly is fully screwed onto the head (lower end of the
pressure tube) and locked in place with the grub screw.
4.
Do a bench calibration to check that the LVDT is in the correct position.
5.
If the message only appears when there is liquid in the vessel, check that the liquid/gas
specific gravity (SG) is as expected, and not too high.
PV OL
Carry out the same checks described by SO H and SO L above.
°C OL
This indicates that the process temperature or a combination of the process and ambient
temperatures have resulted in the electronics becoming too hot or too cold.
Required action:
1.
Using a Field Communicator or AMS, check parameters P46 and P47 to see the
maximum and minimum temperatures recorded.
The electronics may have been permanently damaged if the MLT100 electronics has
recorded a temperature above 85 °C. The MLT100 should be returned to Rosemount
Measurement or your local agent for repair or replacement.
SAT
This means the current output is saturated (outside the limits 3.8 to 20.5 mA).
Required action:
1.
5-4
Reset the 4 and 20mA points using the Mobrey Magnetic Scroller
(see Section 4: Commissioning), or Field Communicator or AMS (see Appendix D: Field
Communicator Data Map).
Section 6: Maintenance
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 6
Maintenance
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6-1
Routine maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6-2
Spares . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page 6-2
6.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
6.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External Surface may be hot


Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury
Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious inju7ry




If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals.
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
6-1
Section 6: Maintenance
6.2
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Routine maintenance
There is very little maintenance required on the Mobrey MLT100.
Take great care when removing the instrument from any vessel. This is a two-person operation.
The assembly must be kept vertical when removing from the vessel to prevent damage to the
spring and rod assembly.
All that need be checked during routine strip down is that the spring rod remains free to move in
the pressure tube and that any chamber or stilling tube is free of debris or build-up.
Refer to “Mounting the transmitter on the vessel or chamber” on page 2-7 when re-installing
the MLT100 into a vessel or chamber.
6.3
Spares
The MLT100 is a factory built instrument and there are no spare parts that can be fitted in the
field. If the MLT100 requires any repair or replacement parts, it must be returned to
Rosemount Measurement for action.
6-2
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev BA
Section 7
HART Communications using a
Field Communicator and AMS
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a field communicator and AMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Concepts to understand before configuring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjustments for process changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitoring and diagnostic parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7.1
page 7-1
page 7-2
page 7-3
page 7-4
page 7-5
page 7-36
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
7.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External surface may be hot

Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury



Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure
Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
7-1
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June 2012
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury



7.2
If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
Using a field communicator and AMS
The MLT100 supports HART communications, which may be used to program or interrogate the
transmitter from any point on the two-wire loop.
By connecting the Field Communicator across the two-wire loop at any point downstream of
the minimum 250 Ohm loop resistance, communication can be established. The terminal block
of the MLT100 has integral 2 mm sockets provided for this purpose.
Ensure that the MLT100 Device Description (DD) is correctly loaded or compiled to gain access to
all of the MLT100 parameters. If you do not have the MLT100 DD loaded, you will only be able to
access the Universal and Common Practice commands. Contact Rosemount Measurement or any
other HART Host Subscriber to update your communication device with the latest MLT100 DD.
This section contains information on configuring the transmitters using a Field Communicator,
or a PC with AMS.
Field Communicator and AMS
For convenience, Field Communicator fast key sequences are labeled “Fast Keys” for each
software function below the appropriate headings.
Example Software Function
Fast Keys
1, 2, 3, etc.
When using a Field Communicator, some configuration changes are sent to the transmitter by
pressing “SEND”. AMS configuration changes are implemented when the “Apply” button is
clicked.
Connect the Field Communicator leads to the transmitter, and turn on the Field Communicator
by pressing the ON/OFF key. The Field Communicator will search for a HART-compatible device
and indicate when the connection is made. If the Field Communicator fails to connect, it
indicates that no device was found. If this occurs, check the lead connections and re-try.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-2
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.3
June 2012
Concepts to understand before configuring
Parameters
The MLT100 stores a wide range of parameters, enabling it to perform more functions than a
simple 4 to 20 mA level transmitter. Some parameters are required to comply with the HART
protocol whilst others, for example, enable the transmitter to calculate and display the contents
of a non-linear tank in true volumetric units.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
Display module
The display module, if fitted, can be programmed to show specific information. This digital
display alternates between indicating the values for “display 1” (set by parameter P23) and
“display 2” (set by parameter P24).
A typical configuration might be to alternate the measured level and the mA current output,
which is useful during commissioning. After the setting-up is completed, the display may be
changed back to show the measured level or, if more useful, the percentage level.
Note
See pages 7-24 and 7-24 for a full description of parameters P23 and P24.
Units of operation and display
The measurement units on the display module (if fitted), Field Communicator, or AMS can be
changed from the default metres (meters) using parameter P12.
It is important to know that the numerical value of the Process Value (PV) – level in metres –
does not automatically get converted when the display units are changed by P12. To convert the
PV to other measurement units, use parameter P13 to set the conversion factor.
Note
See pages 7-15 and 7-16 for a full description of parameters P12 and P13.
Standing value
If there is still liquid in the tank when the displacer element is fully uncovered, the reading can be
adjusted to show this by adding the amount of the liquid remaining to the measured value. The
liquid PV, in the units defined by P12 and P13, is entered into parameter P14 (see page 7-17).
Linear and non-linear profiling
Unless factory calibrated to specific instructions, the MLT100 gives a 4–20 mA output
proportional to level over the full displacer length, with 4 mA representing a level of 0 m at the
end of the displacer element. The MLT100 can be re-ranged on-site if necessary
(See “Local calibration adjustments at operating conditions” on page 4-2).
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June 2012
For applications where the relationship between height and contents is not linear
e.g. a spherical tank, the MLT100 may be programmed with a look-up table so that the
microprocessor can convert height-to-contents, or height-to-flow.
The MLT100 has a library of popular tank shapes that may be selected using parameter P11, or
the data for a custom look-up table can be entered into parameters P30 to P39.
Note
See pages 7-9 and 7-15 for a full description of P11 and P30 through P39.
7.4
Adjustments for process changes
Adjustments for process temperature changes
Changes in process temperature cause the wetside assembly to hang at a different level than
that planned. The effect of the new temperature on the spring rate can be corrected by entering
the new process temperature into parameter P25 (see page 7-25). This new value is then used
compensate the level measurement for temperature effects.
Adjustments for specific gravity differences
The effects of a changing liquid specific gravity (SG) can be corrected by entering the
new specific gravities into parameters P26 (Lower fluid SG, page 7-26) and
P27 (Upper fluid SG, page 7-26).
The process change of a lower-liquid specific gravity (SG) to one greater than originally
programmed, causes the 20 mA output to occur before the displacer element is fully covered.
Entering the new SG corrects this so that the correct current output is given. However, if the
lower-liquid SG changes from that used to factory calibrate the instrument by greater than 10%,
the output may become non-linear if the core operates outside of the calibrated range of the
LVDT.
Conversely, if the operating SG of the lower-liquid is lower than the SG originally programmed at
the factory, the core will not travel high enough to give a full 20 mA output. Entering a new
operating SG corrects this, effectively re-scaling the output to be correct. There is no danger in
this instance of a non-linear output.
Note
Changes in the upper-liquid SG has the opposite effect.
See page 7-26 for a full description of parameters P26 and P27.
7-4
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5
June 2012
Configuration parameters
The MLT100 “Program” parameters each have default values which are loaded into the
transmitter’s memory when first manufactured. Some of these values are adjusted at the
factory to suit the customer’s application.
Several of the parameters have upper and lower limits outside of which they should not be set.
Certain parameters, when changed, can cause a step change in the output. In these cases the
Field Communicator (or AMS) prompts for confirmation before making the change. This gives
the user the opportunity to put a plant’s control loop into manual and then restore it to
automatic later.
This section of the manual details the function of each parameter in numerical order, together
with its default value and limits if applicable. A typical screen from the Field Communicator is
shown for each parameter.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.1
Message (P00)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 1, –
This allows a general 32-character message to be edited.
It can be used for any purpose, such as recording the
initials of the person who programmed it, a support
contact number, details of last programming change, etc.
Message P00
DISPLACER LEVEL TRANSMITTER
DISPLACER LEVEL TRANSMITTER
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ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the message:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Scroll down and select Message P00.
5.
If required:
(a) Input a new message, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
Parameter P00 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 4. (Scroll down to see P00)
7-5
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.2
Tag (P01)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 1, 1
This is for editing an electronic ‘label’ of up to 8
characters for the transmitter. The tag is typically a
reference number, but it can also be used to identify the
location or duty of the transmitter in plant item terms.
Tag P01
MLT
MLT
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ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Note
This tag helps identify the transmitter being interrogated when using a HART Master Device
such as a Field Communicator or a PC running AMS.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the tag:
7.5.3
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration, and then select 1: Identity.
3.
Select 1: Tag P01.
4.
If required:
(a) Input the new tag, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Description (P02)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 1, –
This is for editing up to 16 characters, and can be used for
any purpose e.g. to expand on Tag (page 7-6) if needed.
Field Communicator or AMS
Description P02
MLT TRANSMITTER
MLT TRANSMITTER
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(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view or change the descriptor:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Scroll down and select Description P02.
5.
If required:
(a) Input a new description, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
Parameter P02 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 4, 9.
7-6
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.4
June 2012
Date (P03)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 1, 9
This can be used to store the date when the last changes
were made to the transmitter’s configuration. The Field
Communicator (or AMS) automatically loads the correct
date if it makes any such changes.
Date P03
07/12/2010
07/12/2010
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(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the date:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Select 9: Date P03.
Note
Parameter P03 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 4, 8.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.5
Final Assembly Number (P04)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 1, 7
This is a read-only, factory-set parameter showing the
hardware assembly number. It can be used by the factory to
track the manufacturing history of an individual MLT100.
Field Communicator or AMS
Final Assy No P04
12345
12345
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EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the final assembly number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Select 7: Final Assy No P04.
5.
Press “EXIT” to exit to the previous menu.
Note
Parameter P04 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 4, 6.
See Appendix A: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
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June 2012
7.5.6
Sensor Serial Number (P05)
Fast Keys
Sensor ser No P05
123456
1, 2, 1, 6
This is a read-only, factory-set parameter showing the
sensor serial number. It is used by the factory to identify
an individual LVDT, which provides the level input signal
to the electronics.
EXIT
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the sensor serial number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Select 6: Sensor ser No P05.
5.
Press “EXIT” to exit to the previous menu.
Note
Parameter P05 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 4, 5.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.7
Password (P06)
Fast Keys
Password is OPEN enter new password (0)
0
1, 2, 1, 5
This three-tier password system controls changes to
the parameters within the MLT100 transmitter.
There are three password levels:
“CLOSED”
– this control prevents any changes to parameter settings
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(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
“OPEN”
– this control allows configuration of the transmitter to suit the application
“OPEN*”
– this control allows access to the “protected” parameters which relate to the calibration of the
transmitter. The “*” in this control is a secret character. Protected parameters should not be adjusted
without contacting Rosemount Measurement.
The default password level is “OPEN”.
7-8
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Field Communicator or AMS
To enter a password:
7.5.8
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Identity.
4.
Select 5: Password P06.
5.
To change password level, input one of the three-tier passwords and then press
“ENTER”.
Curve Profile (P11)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 1, 3
Parameter P11 selects the shape of a tank, and
establishes the linear or non-linear relationship between
the live liquid level (height) and the output process value
(PV) derived from that level.
Curve profile P11 (Linear)
Linear
Linear
Special
Horizontal cylinder
Spherical
Conical 1
Conical 2
Flume/weir (3/2)
ABORT
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The transmitter is pre-programmed with popular profiles
that convert a level reading to a flow or volumetric
process value (PV). The Current Output is then driven by
the flow or volumetric process value (PV).
Note
The process value (PV) is indicated by Process Value P10 (page 7-40).
The allowed selections for parameter P11 are “Linear”, and then seven non-linear functions –
“Special”, “Horizontal cylinder”, “Spherical”, “Conical 1”, “Conical 2”, “Flumeweir (3/2)” and
“Vnotchweir (5/2)”.
The default setting for P11 is: “Linear”
Note
The displayed measurement units for the process value (PV) are set using the parameter PV
Units P12 (page 7-15). Changing these units does not automatically convert the process value
PV value to alternative units.
The profile options are described in the following sections:

“Contents (Volume) Measurement” on page 7-10

“Flow Measurement” on page 4-28
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
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June 2012
Field Communicator or AMS
To change the curve profile:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Scaled Variable.
4.
Select 3: Set Curve Profile.
5.
Select a new profile, and then press “ENTER” to save the selection.
6.
Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
The chosen profile can be viewed by Fast Key sequences 1, 3, 1, 4 or 3, 3, 2.
7.5.9
Contents (Volume) Measurement
There are five profile options available to select, including:

Curve Profile P011 = “Linear” (see page 7-10)

Curve Profile P011 = “Special” (see page 7-10)

Curve Profile P011 = “Cylinder” (see page 7-12)

Curve Profile P011 = “Spherical” (see page 7-12)

Curve Profile P011 = “Conical 1” (see page 7-13)

Curve Profile P011 = “Conical 2” (see page 7-13)
Curve Profile P011 = “Linear”
This setting is for level or volume (content) measurements involving a tank with a constant
cross-section. When “Linear” is selected, the level or volume is the liquid height above the zero
level multiplied by a scaling factor.
The volume of the contents is calculated by entering the maximum tank volume into the
parameter Scale Factor P13 (page 7-16). The units of measurement e.g. gallons, liters, etc. are
then set by parameter PV Units P12 (page 7-15).
If volume is not required, the parameter Scale Factor P13 (page 7-16) is set to 1.0 unless other
measurement units for the output PV are required.
Curve Profile P011 = “Special”
When selecting “Special”, parameters P30 to P39 (page 7-15) can be edited to plot the unique
profile of an irregular shaped tank.
To derive the 10 profile points, it is necessary to have tabulated or graphical data to relate the
process value (PV) to the live liquid height over the span set by P17 and P18. Figure 7-1 on
page 7-11 shows an example graph of PV versus Liquid Height. In the example, 60% of the
7-10
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
maximum height on the X-axis relates to a percentage of the maximum PV on the Y-axis. The
related percentage, say 55%, is entered into parameter P35 (profile point 6).
The transmitter interpolates linearly between the plotted points to give an accurate curve fit,
which will determine the output process value (PV) from the live level (height) measurement.
Each live level measurement is converted into a percentage (0 to 100%), which is proportional to
the maximum height. In graph terms, the converted percentage corresponds to an X ordinate
on the X-axis. Using this X ordinate, the Y ordinate is then calculated to get a percentage
proportional to the maximum PV. This percentage is multiplied by the maximum height to get
the output process value (PV).
Setting-up Procedure for “Special” Option:
1.
Select the displayed (reported) units for the output PV (see page 7-15).
2.
Draw a graph of PV versus Liquid Height, and note the maximum points.
3.
Enter the maximum volume into PV Scale Factor P13 (see page 7-16).
4.
Use parameters profile point 1 (P30) to profile point 10 (P39) to enter the percentage
values that relate to the X-axis fixed percentages.
Note

The origin (0,0) is always used as the start point. It is not a parameter.

Profile point 10 occurs at the height used as the maximum level, normally the displacer
top unless re-positioned by P17 (page 7-45).

It is possible the process value (PV) at the maximum height is less than 100% of the
maximum volume or flow. (See Figure 7-2 on page 7-12).
Figure 7-1. Graph 1 of PV versus Height
Y
(User-entered percentages relating PV to maximum PV)
Maximum Flow or Contents(P13)
(P39)
(P38)
(P37)
(P36)
(P35)
Maximum
Height
(P34)
(P33)
(P32)
(P31)
(P30)
X
0,0
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
(Fixed percentages relang height to maximum height)
7-11
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Figure 7-2. Graph 2 of PV versus Height
Y
(User-entered percentages relating PV to maximum PV)
Maximum Flow or Contents (P13)
(P38)
(P37)
(P39)
(P36)
(P35)
Maximum
Height
(P34)
(P33)
(P32)
(P31)
(P30)
X
0,0
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
(Fixed percentages relang height to maximum height parameter P014)
Curve Profile P011 = “Cylinder”
This “Cylinder” setting is applicable when volume measurements are needed from a horizontally-oriented cylindrical tank with a constant diameter and flat ends (see Figure 7-3 on
page 7-13 for a cross-sectional view).
The volume is calculated from the live level measurement, the full volume of an ideal cylindrical
tank, and the diameter of that tank.
Setting-up Procedure for “Cylinder”:
1.
Use the Curve Profile P011 parameter to select the option “Cylinder”.
2.
Enter the full volume into the PV Scale Factor P13 parameter (page 7-16).
3.
Enter the tank diameter into the Standing Value P14 parameter (page 7-17).
Curve Profile P011 = “Spherical”
This setting is applicable when volume measurements are needed from a spherical tank with a
constant diameter (see Figure 7-3 on page 7-13 for a cross-sectional view).
The volume is calculated from the liquid level measurement and the full volume of the ideal
spherical tank.
Setting-up Procedure for “Spherical”:
1. Use the Curve Profile P011 parameter to select “Spherical”.
2. Enter the full volume into the PV Scale Factor P13 parameter (page 7-16).
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
3. Enter the tank diameter into the Standing Value P14 parameter (page 7-17).
To provide the PV output as volume contents in a spherical tank, this curve is selected. The
equivalent ideal spherical tank dimensions are entered in the parameters 10-14 as shown in D. If
the actual tank measurement range is limited by transducer positioning or tank shape to part of
a sphere, the ideal full sphere dimensions must be used. The 4-20mA output can then be
restricted to operation over a smaller volume span if required.
P1
4
Figure 7-3. Cylindrical or spherical tank cross-section
P13
Note
For rectangular or cylindrical tanks with a conical bottom, two patterns are provided to suit
different tank aspect ratios: CONICAL 1 and CONICAL 2.
Curve Profile P011 = “Conical 1”
This is for tanks where the major part of the tank height is taken up with the cone. The profile
creates an imaginary tank where the linear section is the same height as the conical section, and
P13 and P14 are entered for this imaginary tank. This profile is applicable on all tanks where the
maximum height to be measured is less than twice the conical section height, H.
Note
The zero reference distance and the conical height is measured from the cone’s apex – where it
would be without considering discharge pipework, etc.
Curve Profile P011 = “Conical 2”
This is used for tanks which have a much smaller proportion of the height as a cone. It is
applicable for tanks where the maximum measurement is up to 5 times the conical section
height above the apex of the cone. For higher tanks the non-linearity introduced by the conical
section becomes insignificant, and a LINEAR profile should be used.
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
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June 2012
Figure 7-4. Linear vessel or sump
D11 = P51 (metres)
No change in mA
over this range
P13 = Value of PV span
on displacer in PV units
D13 = 100% (20 mA point)
set by P15 (PV units)
D24 = 0% (PV min on displacer)
set by P18 (metres)
P14 = Value of PV
below P18 point on
displacer in PV units
D11 = Zero
Displacer
Displacer Length (P51) (metres)
D24 = 100% (PV = 100%) D10 = P13 + P14
(PVmax on displacer) set by P17 (metres)
D13 = 0% (4 mA point)
set by P16 (PV units)
PV = Zero (D10 = Zero)
Tank Bottom
Notes for Figure 7-4
7-14
1.
P12 = PV units
(This is the units that PV, P13, P14, P15, and P16 are displayed in).
2.
The Non-Linear Profile is only calculated over the P13 range.
3.
P13, P15, P17 = Auto = P51 (Displacer Length).
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.10
June 2012
Non-linear Profile Points 1 to 10
(P30 to P39)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 1, 3
When a non-linear profile has been selected by P11, the
profile is plotted using parameters P30 to P39. Each plot
point represents the percentage of maximum PV
corresponding to 10% increments in level. The range of
this level is defined by P17 and P18 relative to the bottom
end of the displacer.
10% HT P30
10.000%
10.000%
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1
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3
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default values provide a linear output
Note
For further details, see “Curve Profile (P11)” on page 7-9.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the profile point:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Scaled Variable.
4.
Select 3: Set Curve profile.
5.
Select a profile point e.g. P30.
6.
Input a new value, and then select “ENTER” to save it.
7.
Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
The profile point parameters are only accessible on a Field Communicator if they are required
for a selected Curved Profile (see page 7-9). The points can be changed only if the “Special”
profile has been selected.
7.5.11
PV Units (P12)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 1, 2
The process value (PV) may be configured to display a
wide range of variables from levels to volumes. Parameter
P12 is used to associate appropriate measurement units
to the calculated process value, and these units are then
displayed on the optional integral display, and the Field
Communicator and AMS.
PV units P12
m
lb
L Ton
m
MetTon
mm
ounce
SGU
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: “m” (metres)
7-15
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Note
Selecting alternative display units does not automatically re-scale the PV value. Use the
parameter PV Scale Factor to manually re-scale the value.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the displayed units for the process value (PV):
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Scaled Variable.
4.
Select 2: PV units P12.
5.
If required, select alternative display units and then press “ENTER” to save the selection.
6.
Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
If the process value (PV) has no units, select and confirm the “None” option.
7.5.12
PV Scale Factor (P13)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 1, 5
The PV Scale Factor enables the transmitter to provide an
answer in the customer’s preferred units (see Appendix E:
Data Processing Flow Chart for when it is applied). Typically,
it may be used to give an answer of volume in cubic metres.
The value of P13 is normally the PV span value on the
displacer (see Figure 7-4 on page 7-14). If the value is set to
automatic, the MLT100 takes the displacer length (or the
span defined by P17 and P18) as its full-scale range and
adjusts the output accordingly.
The default value is: “NaN” (Automatic)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the scale factor:
7-16
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Scaled Variable.
4.
Select 5: Set PV scale factor.
Set Value
1 Auto (NaN)
2 Edit to fix value
3 Exit
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
5.
Select 1: Auto (NaN) for Automatic (and exit to previous menu),
Select 2: Edit to fix value, or
Select 3: Exit to exit to the previous menu without making changes.
6.
If requiring a fixed value:
(a) Input the value and press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
Parameter P13 can be viewed at Fast Key sequences 1, 3, 1, 6 or 3, 3, 3.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.13
Standing Value (P14)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 1, 7
A displacer level transmitter can only give a meaningful
output over the length of its displacer. If, however, the
vessel still has some contents when the level is at the
bottom of the displacer then this value may be added to
the process value (PV) by entering the difference value
into P14.
Standing value P14
0m
0
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FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: 0.0 (P14 may be positive or negative)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the standing value:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 1: Scaled Variable.
4.
Select 7: Standing Value P14.
5.
If required, input the new value and press “ENTER” to save it.
6.
Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
Parameter P14 is also at Fast Key sequence 3, 3, 4.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
Standing Level Examples
If the displacer element does not cover the full depth of the tank, there is provision to add a
standing level to the calculations. Simply enter the level, in metres, into parameter Standing
Level P14 (page 7-17), and the MLT100 gives a proportional output over the length of the
7-17
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
displacer. Note that the output will now never reach 4 mA, as the displacer length is now only a
part of the full output range.
Example One
Displacer length 1.50 m:P17 = 1.50 / P18 = 0 m / P14 = 0 m
To allow for a standing level of 0,5 m:P17 = 1.50 m / P18 = 0m / P14 = 0.5 m
Resulting output signal:8mA at 0.5m and below, 20 mA at 2.0 m.
To operate in units other than metres, the “PV Scale factor” P13 can be used
(See “PV Scale Factor (P13)” on page 7-16).
Example Two
To operate in feet, set P13 to the maximum value of the PV. For a displacer length of 1.5 m,
where PV max is 1.5 m, set P13 (1.5 x 3.2808) = 4.9212
If you wish to re-range the transmitter, you can reset P17 and/or P18 so that the transmitter
output is proportional to level over this new range. Note, P17 and P18 are ALWAYS entered in
metres.
To operate in liters, set P13 to the volume in liters equivalent to the length of the displacer
element. For an element of length of 1.5 m in a vessel of diameter 2 m, set P13 to:
11/2 x (2.02) / 4) x 1000 = 4712 liters
If there is a standing level (or volume) to be taken into account, this is entered on P14 as
previously described, but note that the units MUST BE entered in the same units as the readout.
i.e. feet or liters in the above examples. Whatever units are chosen for the readout, the display,
Field Communicator, or AMS can be configured to suit using P12.
7-18
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.14
June 2012
Calibration Max (P15)
Fast Keys
1, 1, 1, 2
Set Value
1 Auto (NaN)
2 Edit to fix value
3 Exit
This defines the process value (PV) represented by a 20 mA
output current from the MLT100 transmitter.
The factory default value is “NaN” (Automatic), and this
means that the 20 mA calibration point value is
automatically set to the maximum transmitter range. For
example, a transmitter with a range of 60 cm leaves the
factory with the 20mA (max) calibration point set to 0.6 m.
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator
To change the 20 mA (max) calibration point:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 1: Basic Setup.
3.
Select 1: Basic Setup, and then select 2: Set Calibrate max.
4.
Select 1: Auto (NaN) for Automatic (and exit to previous menu),
Select 2: Edit to fix value, or
Select 3: Exit to exit to the previous menu without making changes.
5.
If editing a fixed value:
(a) Input the value and press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
Note
Parameter P15 can be viewed at Fast Key sequences 1, 1, 1, 3
or 3, 1, 2, 1 (P15 = NaN) or 3, 2, 2, 1 (P15 not = NaN).
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-19
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.15
Calibration Min (P16)
Fast Keys
1, 1, 1, 4
This defines the process value (PV) represented by a 4 mA
output current from the MLT100 transmitter.
The span of the 4–20 mA current output is defined by
Calibration Max P15 and Calibration Min P15 parameters.
Calibration min P16
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ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The Calibration Min P15 value can be greater than the
Calibration Max P15 value, in which case the output current
decreases for an increasing process value (PV).
Field Communicator
To view or change the 4mA (min) calibration point:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 1: Basic Setup.
3.
Select 1: Basic Setup, and then select 4: Calibration min P16.
4.
If required, input a 4mA point value and then press “ENTER” to save it.
5.
Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
7.5.16
Level For Max PV (P17)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 2, 1
The top end of the displacer is not necessarily the level
which is required to represent the maximum process value
(PV). Parameter P17 can be used to specify another level
for this purpose and subsequent answers are then be based
upon this revised point (see Appendix E: Data Processing
Flow Chart).
LEVEL FOR MAX PV P17
****** m
******
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FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: Automatic (maximum PV is at the top of the displacer).
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the level for maximum PV:
7-20
@&
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration, and then select 2: Ref Calibrate.
3.
Select 1: Sensor rerange
4.
Select 1: Maximum level, and set a value accordingly.
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.17
June 2012
Level For Min PV (P18)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 2, 2
LEVEL FOR MIN PV P17
0.0 m
0.0
The displacer bottom end is not necessarily the level
which is required to represent zero process value (PV).
Parameter P18 can be used to specify another level for
this purpose and subsequent answers are then based
upon this revised point (see Appendix E: Data Processing
Flow Chart).
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FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: 0.0
Field Communicator or AMS
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration, and then select 2: Ref Calibrate.
3.
Select 1: Sensor rerange
4.
Select 2: Minimum level, and set a value accordingly.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-21
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.18
Smoothing Time / Damping (P20)
Fast Keys
1, 1, 1, 5
Where the level is unstable, it may be beneficial to adjust
the amount of damping applied to the level reading and
output current.
The damping value is a time constant in seconds. A larger
value will have the effect of smoothing out rapid changes of
level, and smooth out the effects of turbulence and ripples
on the liquid surface.
Smoothing time P20
5.0 s
5.0
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9
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3
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
A value of zero can be edited, in which case no smoothing is
applied and transmitter readings immediately change the
output.
The default damping is 5 seconds.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the damping:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 1: Basic Setup.
3.
Select 1: Basic Setup.
4.
Select 5: Smoothing time P20.
5.
If required:
(a) Input a new value and then select “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
Parameter P20 can also be viewed at Fast Key sequences 3, 1, 3 or 3, 2, 3.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-22
FN
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.19
June 2012
Alarm Delay (P21)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 4, 1
The MLT100 continuously monitors its performance, and
signals an alarm if certain parameters go outside of
pre-determined limits. Under these circumstances, the
MLT100 signals that an alarm condition exists using the
method selected by parameter Alarm Action P22
(page 7-23).
Alarm delay P21
1s
1
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7
7
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1
FN
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Parameter P21 sets the delay between an alarm condition
occurring and the transmitter signalling the alarm.
The default value is: 1 second
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the alarm delay:
7.5.20
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 4: Engineering Setup, and then select 1: Alarm delay P21.
4.
If required:
(a) Input a new value and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Alarm Action (P22)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 4, 2
Alarm action P22
HOLD
MINIMUM
Hold
MAXIMUM
The MLT100 continuously monitors its performance and
signals an alarm if certain parameters go outside of
pre-determined limits.
An alarm condition is signalled by:
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)

Setting an Alarm bit in every HART message

Flashing an Alarm message on the display (if fitted)

Setting the output current to a user-defined state set by P22.
The options for P22 are to set the current to 3.6 mA, 21 mA or to hold the last reading. The
default value is: Hold
Note
See “Error messages” on page 5-3 for possible alarm conditions.
See also parameter Alarm Delay P21 (page 7-23).
7-23
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the alarm action:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 4: Engineering Setup, and then select 2: Alarm delay P21.
4.
If required:
(a) Select a new action and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.21
Display 1 (P23)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 3, 1
The optional display module can be programmed to display
any one or two parameters from a selection of parameters.
P23 is used to define Display 1. The choice is Process Value,
Level, Current Output, Percent, Ullage, Sensor Outputs (D21
to D23), Percent of PV Range (D24), and Temperature (D25)
Display 1 P23
process variable
PV
process variable
level
current output
Percent
ullage
D21
D22
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change Display 1:
7.5.22
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 3: LCD, and then select 1: Display 1 P23.
4.
If required:
(a) Select new option, and then press “ENTER” to save the selection.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Display 2 (P24)
Fast Keys
1, 2, 3, 2
Parameter P24 can be used to define a second display
which will flash alternately with Display 1 P23 (page 7-24)
on the display module. It has the same choice as for
Display 1 P23 except for the addition of “None” if a second
variable display is not required.
Display 2 P24
None
None
process variable
level
current output
Percent
ullage
D21
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
When flashing, the two displays are distinguished by the Display 1 and Display 2 being
accompanied by up and down arrows respectively.
7-24
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Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
The default option is: none.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change Display 2:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 3: LCD, and then select 2: Display 2 P24.
4.
If required:
(a) Select new option, and then press “ENTER” to save the selection.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.23
Process Temperature (P25)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 2, 1
The process temperature has an effect on the transmitter
performance. This effect has been accounted for already by
the factory calibration. If, however, the temperature is
significantly different from that originally specified, it may
be compensated for by entering a revised value into P25.
If set to “NaN” (Automatic), the value from the temperature
sensor on the PCB assembly is used.
Set Temperature
1 Auto (NaN)
2 Edit to fix temp
3 Exit
ESC
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: “NaN” (Automatic)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the process temperature setting:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Process Properties.
4.
Select 1: Set Process Temp.
5.
Select 1: Set to Auto (NaN) for automatic (dynamic) corrections.
6.
Alternatively, select 2: Edit to fix temp, input a fixed process temperature, and then save
it by pressing “ENTER”.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”. Parameter P25 can
be viewed with Fast Key sequence 1, 3, 2, 2.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-25
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.24
SG Lower (P26)
Fast Keys
SG lower P26
1
1
1, 3, 2, 4
The performance of a Displacer Level Transmitter is
dependent on the specific gravities of the lower and upper
fluids in a vessel.
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The MLT100 is already calibrated at the factory for certain
specific gravities but subject to certain limitations.
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.
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4
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ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Revised values may be entered into parameters SG lower
P26 and SG upper P27 for actual process conditions.
The default value is: 1.0
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the specific gravity (lower fluid) setting:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Process Properties.
4.
Select 4: SG lower P26.
5.
If required:
(a) Input the new value, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
7.5.25
SG Upper (P27)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 2, 5
See also P26 above. At the factory, the MLT100 has
already been calibrated for certain process conditions.
The specific gravity (SG) of the upper fluid in a vessel is
stored in parameters SG Lower P27 and P59. The value in
P59 should not be changed but P27 may be adjusted to
match revised process conditions.
The default value is: 0.0
7-26
FN
SG upper P27
0.001
0.001
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(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Field Communicator or AMS
To view or change the upper specific gravity setting:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Process Properties.
4.
Select 5: SG upper P27.
5.
If required:
(a) Input the new value, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
When messages appear, take appropriate action if needed and press “OK”.
Note
Parameters P44 to P69 are vital to the MLT100 calibration, and should not be adjusted without
the authorisation. Password access is required – see “Password (P06)” on page 7-8.
7.5.26
Temperature (P44)
Fast Keys
Temperature P44
NaN °C
1, 3, 2, 2
The LVDT and its associated electronics have a small
temperature co-efficient, and so a temperature sensor on
the PCB assembly provides automatic compensation to
optimize accuracy. However, the measured value can be
overridden using parameter P44.
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
The default value is: “NaN” (Automatic)
Field Communicator or AMS
To override the measured temperature:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Electronics Temperature.
4.
Select 2: Temperature P44.
5.
If required:
(a) Input the new value, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-27
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.27
Temp Coefficient (P45)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 2, 3
The temperature co-efficient of the level sensor and its
associated electronics is stored in P45 and provides
automatic temperature compensation.
The default value is optimized, and may therefore be
different for other MLT100 transmitters.
Temp coeff P45
-0.013
-0.013
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7
.
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4
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1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To change the temperature coefficient:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Electronics Temperature.
4.
Select 3: Temp coeff P45.
5.
If required:
(a) Input the new value, and then press “ENTER” to save it.
(b) Press “SEND” to update the transmitter.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.28
Temperature Max (P46)
Fast Keys
Temp max P46
50 ‘C
1, 3, 2, 5
The transmitter monitors the temperature of the
electronics and LVDT sensor and records the maximum
measured value.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the highest recorded temperature:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Electronics Temperature.
4.
Select 5: Temp max P46.
Note
P46 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 2, 5, 6, 2.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-28
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Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.29
June 2012
Temperature Min (P47)
Fast Keys
Temp min P47
-10 ‘C
1, 3, 2, 6
The transmitter monitors the temperature of the
electronics and LVDT sensor and records the minimum
measured value.
Field Communicator or AMS
EXIT
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the lowest recorded temperature:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Electronics Temperature.
4.
Select 6: Temp min P47.
Note
P46 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 2, 5, 6, 3.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.30
Displacer Length (P51)
Fast Keys
1, 5, 1, 1
The transmitter is normally calibrated over the full length
of the displacer. P51 is factory-set with the displacer
length in metres.
Field Communicator or AMS
Displacer length P51
0.5 m
0.5
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DEL
@&
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*
-
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7
7
7
.
4
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+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the displacer length:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 5: Advanced Setup.
3.
Select 1: Displacer Properties.
4.
Select 1: Displacer length P51.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-29
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.31
Displacer Area (P52)
Fast Keys
1, 5, 1, 2
Displacer area P52
18.2921 sq cm
18.2921
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To perform its calculations, the transmitter needs to
know the cross-sectional area of the displacer. P52 is
factory-set with the area in square centimeters.
Lock
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Field Communicator or AMS
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
@&
áü
DEL
HELP
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
ESC
To view the cross-sectional area of the displacer:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 5: Advanced Setup.
3.
Select 1: Displacer Properties.
4.
Select 2: Displacer area P52.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.32
Displacer Weight (P53)
Fast Keys
1, 5, 1, 3
To perform its calculations, the transmitter needs to know
the weight of the suspended components including the
displacer. P53 is factory-set with this total weight in grams.
Field Communicator or AMS
Displacer weight P53
2464.17 g
2464.17
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HELP
DEL
@&
áü
ESC
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the weight:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 5: Advanced Setup.
3.
Select 1: Displacer Properties.
4.
Select 3: Displacer weight P53.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-30
FN
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.33
June 2012
Spring Material (P54)
Fast Keys
1, 5, 1, 4
To perform its calculations, the transmitter needs to
know the characteristics of the spring material.
P54 is factory-set and specifies the spring material from
which the transmitter can calculate the relevant
characteristics.
Spring Material P54
Co-Cr-Ni
Co-Cr-Ni
Inconel
Monel
Special
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the spring material:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 5: Advanced Setup.
3.
Select 1: Displacer Properties.
4.
Select 4: Spring material P54.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.34
Spring Rate (P55)
Fast Keys
1, 5, 1, 5
To perform its calculations, the transmitter needs to know
the linear extension rate of the spring. P55 is factory-set
with the actual spring rate in grams per centimeter.
Field Communicator or AMS
Spring rate P55
661.607 g/cm
661.607
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HELP
DEL
@&
áü
ESC
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the spring rate:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 5: Advanced Setup.
3.
Select 1: Displacer Properties.
4.
Select 5: Spring rate P55.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-31
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.35
Temperature Setup (P58)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 2, 7
To optimize the design of the transmitter, it is necessary
to know the process temperature in which the
transmitter will be operating. This is stored in P58.
Field Communicator or AMS
Temp setup P58
50 ‘C
50
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DEL
HELP
@&
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the pre-set process temperature:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Process Properties.
4.
Select 7: Temp setup P58.
Note
If the actual process temperature is significantly different from that advised at the time of order,
enter the new value into parameter P25 (page 7-25) – no change should be made to P58.
7.5.36
SG Setup (P59)
Fast Keys
1, 3, 2, 8
To optimize the MLT100 design, it is essential to know the
specific gravity of the upper fluid in which the MLT100 will
be operating. This is stored in P59.
Field Communicator or AMS
SG setup P59
0.01187
0.01187
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DEL
@&
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ESC
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the factory-set upper liquid specific gravity:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 3: Variables Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Process Properties.
4.
Select 8: SG setup P59.
Note
If the actual upper liquid SG is different from that advised at the time of order, enter the new
value into parameter P27 (page 7-26) – do not change P59.
7-32
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.37
June 2012
Minimum Sensor Output (P60)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 2
During factory calibration, the value of the LVDT level
sensor output voltage at the zero level is recorded and
stored in P60. This is the reference value upon which the
transmitter bases its calculations.
MIN SNSR OUTPUT P60
**** mV
****
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DEL
HELP
@&
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the factory-set minimum sensor output:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 2: Sensor.
5.
Select P60.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.38
LDVT Coefficients 1 to 5 (P61 to P65)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 1
LVDT COEFF 1 P61
****
****
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To provide a linear output over the operating range, the
LVDT sensor output is linearized by a fifth order polynomial.
These polynomial coefficients are stored as P61 to P65.
Lock
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Field Communicator or AMS
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
HELP
DEL
@&
áü
ESC
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
To view the coefficients:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 1: LVDT
5.
Select a LVDT coefficient e.g. LVDT Coeff 1 P61.
6.
Repeat steps 5 for the other coefficients.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-33
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.5.39
LVDT Gain Factor (P66)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 1
In order to allow interchangeability of the LVDT sensor, the
output is normalized to achieve a common span. The gain
factor is stored in P66.
Field Communicator or AMS
LVDT GAIN FACTOR P66
****
****
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DEL
HELP
@&
*
-
/
7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the gain factor:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 1: LVDT
5.
Select P66
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.40
LVDT Rate (P67)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 1
After processing the LVDT output, the overall sensor
system produces an electronic output proportional to
linear movement. P67 defines the rate of change of the
LVDT output (i.e. sensor sensitivity) in milli-volts per cm.
LVDT RATE P67
**** mV/cm
****
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DEL
@&
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*
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7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the calculated LVDT rate:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 1: LVDT
5.
Select P67.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-34
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.5.41
June 2012
Upper Sensor Limit (P68)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 2
The LVDT sensor is calibrated over a range where linear
operation is guaranteed. In exceptional circumstances, the
sensor output may extend beyond the calibrated range and,
under these circumstances, the MLT100 gives a warning.
UPPER SNSR LIMIT P68
***
***
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HELP
@&
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7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
ESC
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Parameter P68 stores the limit of the calibrated region at
the upper end of the LVDT travel. See also P69 (below) for the
lower sensor limit.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the factory-set sensor upper limit:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 2: Sensor.
5.
Select P68.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.5.42
Lower Sensor Limit (P69)
Fast Keys
1, 4, 3, 2
P69 stores the limit of the calibrated region of LVDT
movement at the lower end of the LVDT travel. See also P68
(above) for the upper sensor limit.
Field Communicator or AMS
LOWER SNSR LIMIT P69
***
***
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DEL
@&
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ESC
*
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7
7
7
.
4
4
4
+
0
1
1
1
FN
ENTER
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the factory-set sensor lower limit:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configuration/Setup.
2.
Select 4: Calibration Configuration.
3.
Select 3: Sensor Calibration.
4.
Select 2: Sensor.
5.
Select P69.
7-35
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6
Monitoring and diagnostic parameters
The following “D” parameters are diagnostics read-only parameters which are either fixed in the
transmitter at manufacture (D00 to D08) or produced within the transmitter as a result of
measurements taken (D10 to D25).
Field Communicator
For convenience, Field Communicator fast key sequences are labeled
“Fast Keys” for each software function below the appropriate headings.
Example Software Function
Fast Keys
1, 2, 3, etc.
Connect the Field Communicator leads to the transmitter, and turn on the Field Communicator
by pressing the ON/OFF key. The Field Communicator will search for a HART-compatible device
and indicate when the connection is made. If the Field Communicator fails to connect, it
indicates that no device was found. If this occurs, check the lead connections and re-try.
Note
A full menu map showing how to access MLT100 transmitter parameters using the Field
Communicator is in Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map.
7.6.1
Manufacturer ID (D00)
Fast Keys
Manufacturer ID D00
Rosemount Measurement
3, 4, 2
For HART communications to operate correctly, the
transmitter must identify its manufacturer. The
manufacturer’s code number automatically forms part
of the communications address. The code is 59.
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the manufacturer name:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 4: Identification.
3.
Select 2: Manufacturer ID D00.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D00 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 1, 2, 1, 2.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-36
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Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.6.2
June 2012
Model Code (D01)
Fast Keys
Model code D01
LTC65FAN5GJ3100
3, 4, 3
D01 stores the model code e.g. LTC65FAN5GJ3100.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the model code:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 4: Identification.
3.
Select 3: Model code D01.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D00 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 1, 2, 1, 3.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.3
Request Preamble (D02)
Fast Keys
Request Pream D02
5
1, 2, 4, 2
D02 tells a HART master device how many preamble
bytes it should send in its messages to the transmitter in
order to guarantee reliable communications.
Sending too many bytes would simply slow down the
communications update rate. In the MLT100, the value is
fixed at five.
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the number of pre-amble bytes:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 4: HART Communications.
4.
Select 2: Request Pream D02.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-37
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.6.4
HART Command Revision (D03)
Fast Keys
HART Rev D03
5
1, 2, 2, 1
D03 identifies the major revision of the HART protocol with
which the transmitter complies. For the MLT100, it is
revision 5.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the HART revision number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Device Revisions.
4.
Select 1: HART Rev D03.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.5
Transmitter Specific Command
Rev. (D04)
Fast Keys
TS Cmd Rev D04
1
1, 2, 2, 2
Over a lifetime of a product, extra functionality may be
introduced by adding extra variables or commands. To
signal this to a HART master device, D04 contains details of
the Transmitter Specific Command revision.
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the revision number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Device Revisions.
4.
Select 2: TS Cmd Rev D04.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-38
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Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.6.6
June 2012
Software Revision (D05)
Fast Keys
Software Rev D05
11
1, 2, 2, 3
Extra software functionality, which does not affect
HART, may be identified to the user by D05, the
Software Revision.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the software revision number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Device Revisions.
4.
Select 3: Software Rev D05.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.7
Hardware Revision (D06)
Fast Keys
Hardware Rev D06
1
1, 2, 2, 4
The presence of any hardware changes may be identified
to the user by D06, the Hardware Revision.
HELP
Field Communicator or AMS
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the hardware revision number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 1: Configure/Setup.
2.
Select 2: Device Configuration.
3.
Select 2: Device Revisions.
4.
Select 4: Hardware Rev D06.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-39
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.6.8
Device ID (D08)
Fast Keys
Device ID D08
80
3, 4, 7
The Device ID is a unique number that forms part of the
transmitter’s HART address, and ensures that no two
HART transmitters ever have the same address.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the factory-set device identification number:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 4: Identification.
3.
Select 7: Device ID D08.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D08 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 1, 2, 1, 8.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.9
Process Value (D10)
Fast Keys
Process value D10
0.44276 m
3, 1 or 2, 1, 1
The MLT100 is fundamentally a level measuring device
and, by default, the process value (PV) is the level of the
lower liquid. However, the level value can be processed to
provide an answer in terms of volume, mass, or flow (see
Appendix E: Data Processing Flow Chart for the process).
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
This PV result is displayed by parameter D10
(with the displayed units as selected by parameter P12 – see page 7-15)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the process value (PV):
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 1: PV (P15 = NaN) or 2: PV (P15 not = NaN).
3.
Select 1: PV Measurement.
4.
Select 1: Process value D10.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D10 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequences 3, 3, 1, 1 and 2, 4, 1, 1.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-40
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.6.10
June 2012
Level (D11)
Fast Keys
Level D11
0.443 m
3, 3, 1, 2
The length of the displacer element that is immersed in
the lower liquid is displayed as D11. The process value
(PV) is calculated from this basic level measurement.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view this level:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 3: Measured Variables.
3.
Select 1: Variable Measure...
4.
Select 2: Level D11.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D11 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequence 2, 4, 1, 2.
7.6.11
Current Output (D12)
Fast Keys
Current output D12
19.740 mA
3, 1 or 2, 1, 2
The current output in mA is displayed by D12.
The current output is related to the process value (PV) by
parameters Calibrate max P15 (page 7-19) and
Calibrate min P16 (page 7-20).
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the current output in mA:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 1: PV (P15 = NaN) or 2: PV (P15 not = NaN).
3.
Select 1: PV Measurement.
4.
Select 2: Current output D12.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D12 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequences 1, 1, 2, 4 and 2, 4, 2, 1.
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-41
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Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.6.12
Percent Range (D13)
Fast Keys
Percent range D13
98.38 %
3, 1 or 2, 1, 3
A convenient alternative way of viewing the answer is as a
percentage. D13 displays the PV as a percentage based on
the limits set on P15 and P16.
If the current output is active, i.e. not in multi-drop mode,
D13 also represents the percentage of current output. For
example, D13 is 50% if the current is 12 mA.
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the live percentage of output current:
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 1: PV (P15 = NaN) or 2: PV (P15 not = NaN).
3.
Select 1: PV Measurement.
4.
Select 3: Percent range D13.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
D13 can also be viewed with Fast Key sequences 1, 1, 2, 5 and 2, 4, 2, 2.
7.6.13
Ullage (D14)
Fast Keys
Ullage D14
0.00725 m
3, 3, 1, 3
The ullage space D14 is calculated as the difference
between the live process value (PV) and the maximum
value defined by Calibrate max P15 (page 7-19). In other
words, it is the amount in PV units required to fill the
vessel so as to give 20 mA output current.
HELP
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the live Ullage space:
7-42
EXIT
1.
From the Home screen, select 3: Process Variables.
2.
Select 3: Measured Variables.
3.
Select 1: Variable Measure...
4.
Select 3: Ullage D14.
5.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.6.14
June 2012
Normalized LVDT Output (D21)
Fast Keys
Normalised D21
599.9 mV
2, 5, 1
The level sensor in the MLT100 is a Linear Variable
Differential Transformer (LVDT). The LVDT output goes
through several stages of processing as shown in
Appendix E: Data Processing Flow Chart.
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
D21 is the LVDT sensor output value after temperature
compensation, linearization, scaling, and smoothing are
performed.
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the normalized LDVT output:
1.
From the Home screen, select 2: Device Diagnostics.
2.
Select 5: Monitor Diagnostics.
3.
Select 1: Normalised D21.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.15
Compensated LVDT Output (D22)
Fast Keys
Compensated D22
0.577
2, 5, 2
D22 is the LVDT sensor output value after temperature
compensation.
HELP
Field Communicator or AMS
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the compensated LDVT output:
1.
From the Home screen, select 2: Device Diagnostics.
2.
Select 5: Monitor Diagnostics.
3.
Select 2: Compensated D22.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-43
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
7.6.16
Raw LVDT Output (D23)
Fast Keys
Raw output D23
0.5769
2, 5, 3
D23 is the LVDT sensor output value before any processing.
Field Communicator or AMS
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
To view the raw LDVT output:
1.
From the Home screen, select 2: Device Diagnostics.
2.
Select 5: Monitor Diagnostics.
3.
Select 3: Raw output D23.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7.6.17
Percent Level (D24)
Fast Keys
Percent level D24
88.6 %
2, 5, 4
The MLT100 produces a value for the liquid level relative
to the displacer element bottom (see D11, page 7-41).
However, this may not be the range of interest and
parameters P17 (page 7-45) and P18 (page 7-21)
re-define where the minimum and maximum levels
should be. D24 represents the position of the liquid level
between these two limits.
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the calculated percentage of level:
1.
From the Home screen, select 2: Device Diagnostics.
2.
Select 5: Monitor Diagnostics.
3.
Select 4: Percent level D24.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the full Field Communicator menu tree.
7-44
Reference Manual
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
IP2020, Rev BA
7.6.18
June 2012
Temperature (D25)
Fast Keys
Temperature D25
23.4 ‘C
2, 5, 5
The MLT100 measures the enclosure temperature so
that it may make corrections for changes in temperature
if necessary. D25 displays this measured value unless it
is overridden by fixing the temperature with parameter
P44 (page 7-27).
HELP
EXIT
(Field Communicator Screen Shown)
Field Communicator or AMS
To view the temperature in the enclosure:
1.
From the Home screen, select 2: Device Diagnostics.
2.
Select 5: Monitor Diagnostics.
3.
Select 5: Temperature D25.
4.
When finished, press EXIT to exit to the previous menu.
Note
See Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map for the Field Communicator menu tree.
7-45
Section 7: HART Communications using a Field Communicator and AMS
June 2012
7-46
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
Appendix A: Reference Data
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix A
Reference Data
Safety messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page A-1
Ordering information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page A-2
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page A-4
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page A-6
A.1
Safety messages
Procedures and instructions in this section may require special precautions to ensure the safety
of the personnel performing the operations. Information that raises potential safety issues is
indicated by a warning symbol ( ). Please refer to the following safety messages before
performing an operation preceded by this symbol.
A.1.1
Warnings
Failure to follow these installation guidelines could result in death or serious injury
The MLT100 is a wired displacer level transmitter. It must be installed, connected,
commissioned, operated, and maintained by suitably qualified personnel only,
observing any national and local requirements that may apply

Use the equipment only as specified in this manual. Failure to do so may impair the
protection provided by the equipment

Prior to energizing, always ensure that cover locking safety grub screw is tightened
Explosions could result in death or serious injury

Installation of the level transmitter in a hazardous environment must be in accordance
with the appropriate local, national, and international standards, codes, and
practices. Please review the approvals section of this reference manual for any
restrictions associated with an installation

Before connecting a Field Communicator in an explosive atmosphere, ensure the
installation is in accordance with intrinsically safe or non-incendive field wiring
practices

Verify that the operating atmosphere of the level transmitter is consistent with the
appropriate hazardous locations certifications
External surface may be hot


Care must be taken to avoid possible burns
Process leaks could result in death or serious injury
Install and tighten process connectors before applying pressure

Do not attempt to loosen or remove process connectors while the level transmitter is
in service
Electrical shock could cause death or serious injury




If the level transmitter is installed in a high voltage environment and a fault condition
or installation error occurs, high voltage may be present on leads and terminals
Use extreme caution when making contact with the leads and terminals
Make sure that power to the level transmitter is off while making connections
A-1
Appendix A: Reference Data
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
A.2
Ordering information
Model
Product Description
LT
Mobrey level transmitter
Flange Material
C
Carbon steel
S
Stainless steel
N
No flange (1-in. NPT connection)
Flange Mounting
60
3-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF)
61
3-in. ASME B16.5 Class 300 Raised Face (RF)
62
3-in. ASME B16.5 Class 600 Raised Face (RF)
63
3-in. ASME B16.5 Class 900 Raised Face (RF)
64
3-in. ASME B16.5 Class 1500 Ring Type Joint (RTJ)
65
4-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF)
66
4-in. ASME B16.5 Class 300 Raised Face (RF)
67
4-in. ASME B16.5 Class 600 Raised Face (RF)
68
4-in. ASME B16.5 Class 900 Raised Face (RF)
69
4-in. ASME B16.5 Class 1500 Ring Type Joint (RTJ)
71
DN80 PN16
72
DN80 PN25
73
DN80 PN40
76
DN100 PN16
77
DN100 PN25
78
DN100 PN40
00
No flange (1-in. NPT connection)
Enclosure
TS
IP66 enclosure certified EExia for Intrinsic Safety (IS) use, Cast Iron, white epoxy painted.
TF
IP66 Flameproof enclosure certified EExd for hazardous area use, Cast Iron, white epoxy painted
TR
IP66 enclosure certified EExd with electronics in a remote IP66 aluminium enclosure.
Note: Remote electronics must be in the non-hazardous area.
TX
IP66 enclosure certified EExia for Intrinsic Safety (IS) use, 316 stainless steel
Pressure Tube Type – Select Type A or B using Figure A-1 on page 4
A
Standard (up to 224 °C condensing)
B
High temperature (224 °C to 277 °C condensing; 320 °C non-condensing, remote electronics to 320 °C
condensing)
Display
D
Display
N
No display
Spring
*
The code for the spring will be selected by Rosemount Measurement at time of ordering or a quotation is given
Displacer
*
A-2
The code for the displacer will be selected by Rosemount Measurement at time of ordering or a quotation is given
Appendix A: Reference Data
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Chamber Type and Orientation
A
No chamber
B
Side/bottom, no vent
C
Side/bottom, 1/2-in. NPT vent
D
Side/bottom, 3/4-in, NPT vent
F
Side/bottom, 3/4-in, flanged vent
G
Side/side, no vent, 1/2-in. NPT drain
H
Side/side, no vent, 3/4-in. NPT drain
J
Side/side, no vent, 1-in. NPT drain
K
Side/side, 1/2-in. NPT drain and vent
L
Side/side, 3/4-in NPT drain and vent
M
Side/side, 1-in. NPT drain and vent
N
Side/side, no vent, 3/4-in. drain
P
Side/side, 3/4-in. NPT vent, 3/4-in. flanged drain
Q
Side/side, 3/4-in. flanged drain and vent
Chamber Process Connections
01
Screwed 1-in. NPT
00
No Chamber
11
1-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF) flange
12
1-in. ASME B16.5 Class 300 Raised Face (RF) flange
13
1-in. ASME B16.5 Class 600 Raised Face (RF) flange
14
1-in. ASME B16.5 Class 900 Raised Face (RF) flange
18
1-in. ASME B16.5 Class 1500 Ring Type Joint (RTJ) flange
15
DN25 PN16
16
DN25 PN25
17
DN25 PN40
21
11/2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF) flange
22
11/2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 300 Raised Face (RF) flange
23
11/2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 600 Raised Face (RF) flange
24
11/2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 900 Raised Face (RF) flange
28
11/2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 1500 Ring Type Joint (RTJ) flange
25
DN40 PN16
26
DN40 PN25
27
DN40 PN40
31
2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF) flange
32
2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 300 Raised Face (RF) flange
33
2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 600 Raised Face (RF) flange
34
2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 900 Raised Face (RF) flange
38
2-in. ASME B16.5 Class 150 Raised Face (RF) flange
35
DN50 PN16
36
DN50 PN25
37
DN50 PN40
Typical Model Number:
LT C 61 TS A D * * B 11
A-3
Reference Manual
Appendix A: Reference Data
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
A.3
Specifications
Mobrey MLT100 Transmitter Specification
Output
4–20 mA / HART digital
Range
11.8 to 118 in. / 300 to 3000 mm (to order)
Maximum Operating Pressure
2900 psi (200 bar)
Minimum Operating Pressure
Full vacuum
Specific Gravity Range
Standard: 0.5 to 1.5
Interface: 0.1 difference
Maximum Operating Temperature
530 °C (277 °C) condensing, 608 °F (320 °C) non-condensing
608 °F (320 °C) condensing with remote electronics
Minimum Operating Temperature
–76 °F (–60 °C)
Ambient temperature
–40 to 176 °F / –40 to 80 °C (subject to process temperature)
Accuracy
< ±1% of output span
Repeatability
±0.2% of output span
Linearity
0.2% of output span
Resolution
0.1% of output span
Hysteresis
0.3% of output span
Power Supply
12 to 40 Vdc loop-powered
Turndown
3:1
Power consumption
21 mA / 40 V: 840 mW maximum
A.3.1
Pressure Tube Types A and B
Figure A-1. Graphs for selecting a Pressure Tube Type
Pressure Tube Type (Non-condensing Liquids)
380
320
260
200
140
80
20
277
Contact Rosemount Measurement
224 High Temperature (Type
Standard Temperature (Type A)
20
40
60
Ambient °C
A-4
Process °C
Process °C
Pressure Tube Type (Condensing Liquids)
80
80
380
320
260
200
140
80
20
55
20
High
Temperature
(Type B)
Standard Temperature (Type A)
20
40
60
Ambient °C
80
80
Appendix A: Reference Data
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Materials of Construction
The transmitter head is manufactured from cast iron with a paint finish of two-pack Epoxy white
paint suitable for offshore or coastal use. It is weatherproof to IP66 / IP67 ratings.
Wetted parts are made from stainless steel, including the element, trim, and pressure tube,
except for the spring which is manufactured from a specialist corrosion resistant spring material,
NIMONIC, chosen for it’s stability and repeatability under changing process conditions.
Optional Chamber
The material used is either as specified on the order or selected by Rosemount Measurement
to suit the application. Only certified materials are used, and welding is qualified to ASME IX,
BS EN 287, and EN ISO 15614-1. All pressure retaining parts are hydrostatically pressure tested
to a minimum of 1.5 times working pressures. NDT including radiography and dye penetrant
testing is available when specified at time of ordering. Inspection by customers or their
appointed agents is welcome provided that this is requested at time of ordering.
Options:

Wetside materials in Alloy C276 (UNS N10276), Alloy 625 (UNS N06625),
and others on request

Compliance with NACE MR-01-75 for sour service duty
A-5
Reference Manual
Appendix A: Reference Data
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
A.4
Dimensions
Figure A-2. MLT100 with optional display
Note: Dimensions are in mm.
1-in. NPT Cable Entry
Caliplug Fitted
Here When No
Display
Main Housing With
Cover Removed
Caliplug
-
SCN
+
LED1
Optional Display
LED2
360
Ø180
Cover
LDVT Coil/Core
Assembly
H
Certification Plate
Main Housing
1-in. NPT
Process Connection
Linkage to Actuating Displacer
Table A-1. Head Height Dimension H
Head Height
H
Pressure Tube A
200 mm
Pressure Tube B
422 mm
Allow an extra 90 mm for cover removal.
A-6
Appendix B: Bolting Torque Details (Carbon Steel Bolts Only)
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix B
B.1
Bolting Torque Details
(Carbon Steel Bolts Only)
Bolting torque details (carbon steel bolts only)
Minimum torques in Nm (lbf.ft), and maximum torque = minimum + 10%
IMPORTANT: For use with carbon steel bolts only
If ordinary carbon steel or similar lower quality bolts are used the torques recommended are as
shown below. The gasket sealing force created by the application of these torques is not
sufficient to withstand full flange pressure rating. To achieve full rating, use high tensile steel
bolts as below. If in doubt about your bolt/sealing application consult your engineering
department or gasket manufacturer.
Table B-1. Bolting Torques for Flanges
Flange
#150
#300
3-in.
4-in.
6-in.
54 (40)
54 (40)
95 (70)
95 (70)
95 (70)
Flange
PN16
PN40
DN65
DN80
DN100
DN125
DN150
58 (43)
58 (43)
58 (43)
58 (43)
113 (83)
58 (43)
58 (43)
113 (83)
194 (143)
194 (143)
Flange
Mobrey A
Mobrey B
20 (15)
20 (15)
Table B-2. Bolt torques for spiral wound gaskets with a compression stop:
high tensile steel bolts only
Bolt Size (in.)
5
/8
/4
7
/8
1
1 1/8
11/4
3
Nm
lbf.ft
122
203
325
499
722
101
90
150
240
368
533
750
B-1
Reference Manual
Appendix B: Bolting Torque Details (Carbon Steel Bolts Only)
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
Table B-3. Gaskets compression for joints without compression stops:
high tensile steel bolts only
B-2
Initial Gasket Thickness
(mm)
Compressed Thickness
(mm)
Compression
(mm)
1.6
2.5
3.2
4.4
6.4
1.3/1.4
1.9/2.0
2.3/2.5
3.2/3.4
4.6/5.1
0.2/0.3
0.5/0.6
0.7/0.9
1.0/1.2
1.3/1.8
Reference Manual
Appendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix C
Bench Checking –
LDVT Setting 20 °C
Using the set-Up certificate to bench check . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page C-1
Calibration check using water at 20 °C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page C-1
The calibration certificate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page C-2
C.1
Using the set-up certificate to bench check
Referring to the Set-up Certificate supplied with the MLT100:
C.2
1.
Read the value of the weight that must be hung on the spring to simulate a mid-point or
null position of the core in the LVDT.
2.
Remove the displacer element and chain (noting which chain link is used to hang the
element) and hang the weight in place.
3.
Hold the magnetic tip of the Mobrey Magnetic Scroller (MMS) against the small target
icon on the internal nameplate for about 3 seconds. If the LVDT cap is in the correct
position, the two LED’s adjacent to the target will flash alternately.
4.
If adjustment is required, only 1 of the LEDs will flash. Slacken the locknut at the top of
the LVDT cap. Note which LED is flashing and slowly turn the LVDT cap in the direction
of the arrow against the flashing LED until both LEDs flash alternately.
5.
The LVDT cap can now be re-secured in position. Tighten the LVDT locknut at the top of
the pressure tube against the top of the LVDT casing so that the cap can no longer
rotate on the LVDT.
6.
To exit this mode, hold the MMS against the target for a few seconds and the LEDs will
cease flashing. If left, the instrument will automatically exit this mode after a period of
about 4 minutes.
7.
Re-fit the Displacer element and chain assembly using the correct chain link, and ensure
the locking nut on the chain adaptor is securely tightened.
Calibration check using water at 20 °C
It is possible to check the transmitter output if the vessel or system is to be filled with water at
any time.
Refer to the Set-up Certificate where you will find a graph / chart showing the mA output for a
given water level at 20 °C. Simply immerse the displacer element in water to the given level and
check that the output is as stated.
C-1
Appendix C: Bench Checking – LDVT Setting 20 °C
C.3
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
The calibration certificate
If requested at the time of order, a calibration certificate will have been supplied with your
MLT100.
This certificate is NAMAS traceable and shows the transmitter mA output for a given weight
applied to the spring. (This weight is equivalent to the displacer downforce in grams applied).
When calibrating your transmitter in accordance with this certificate, you must use suitably
calibrated and certified weights and instruments at the ambient temperature shown on the
certificate to replicate the transmitter outputs stated.
C-2
Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix D
Field Communicator Data Map
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page D-1
MLT100 menu structure and parameter list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . page D-1
D.1
Introduction
The MLT100 supports HART communications, which may be used to program or interrogate the
transmitter from any point on the two-wire loop.
D.2
MLT100 menu structure and parameter list
The performance of the MLT100 is controlled by parameters stored in its non-volatile memory.
Some of these parameters are set at the factory and some are set by the customer. Further
parameters are produced by the MLT100 to provide information about its performance.
The parameters used to set up the transmitter are called program or “P**” parameters.
Parameters produced by the transmitter to provide information to the user are called diagnostic
or “D**” parameters.
Table D-1and Table D-2 list the parameters used in the MLT100. They are accessible using a field
communicator or a PC running AMS (see Figure D-1 on page 4).
Note
Only parameters P15, P16, and P20 may be changed using the Mobrey Magnetic Scroller
(MSP-MMS). Further details are provided in Section 4: Commissioning.
D-1
Reference Manual
Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
Table D-1. P** Parameters
D-2
ID
Parameter
P00
P01
P02
P03
P04
P05
P06
P11
P12
P13
P14
P15
P16
P17
P18
P20
P21
P22
P23
P24
P25
P26
P27
P30
P31
P32
P33
P34
P35
P36
P37
P38
P39
P44
P45
P46
P47
P51
P52
P53
P54
P55
P58
P59
P60
P61
P62
Message
Tag
Description
Date
Final Assy No
Sensor ser No
Password
Curve profile
PV units
PV scale factor
Standing value
Calibration max
Calibration min
Level for max PV
Level for min PV
Smoothing time
Alarm delay
Alarm action
Display 1
Display 2
Process temp
SG lower
SG upper
10% HT
20% HT
30% HT
40% HT
50% HT
60% HT
70% HT
80% HT
90% HT
100% HT
Temperature
Temp coefficient
Temp max
Temp min
Displacer length
Displacer area
Displacer weight
Spring material
Spring rate
Temp setup
SG setup
Min snsr output
LVDT Coeff 1
LVDT Coeff 2
Short Description
General purpose 32 character message
8 character electronic ‘label’ for the MLT100
General purpose 16 character message
Date when last change made to configuration
Overall hardware assembly number
LVDT serial number
3 level password system
Curve shape selection
Select display units associated with the PV
Maximum process value (PV)
Process value (PV) at zero level
PV represented by 20 mA output current
PV represented by 4 mA output current
Height up displacer at which PV is maximum
Height up displacer at which PV is minimum
Sets damping for the PV and current output
Sets delay before alarm action P22 is taken
How the current output signals alarm condition
Parameter to be shown on display module
Optional second parameter to be displayed
Compensates for outside normal calibration
Specific gravity of the lower liquid in vessel
Specific gravity of the upper liquid in vessel
%process value (PV) at 10% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 20% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 30% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 40% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 50% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 60% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 70% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 80% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 90% of liquid level
%process value (PV) at 100% of liquid level
Overrides temperature sensor (for correction)
Used for temperature correction calculation
Highest sensor temperature reading
Lowest sensor temperature reading
Length of displacer element
Cross-sectional area of displacer
Weight of suspended parts
Spring material (selectable from menu)
Linear extension rate of spring
Process temperature as specified on order
Specific gravity as specified on order
LVDT sensor output voltage at the zero level
1st order coefficient for polynomial correction
2nd order coefficient for polynomial correction
Reference Page
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Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
ID
Parameter
P63
P64
P65
P66
P67
P68
P69
LVDT Coeff 3
LVDT Coeff 4
LVDT Coeff 5
LVDT gain factor
LVDT rate
Upper snsr limit
Lower snsr limit
Short Description
3rd order coefficient for polynomial correction
4th order coefficient for polynomial correction
5th order coefficient for polynomial correction
Used to normalize LVDT output
Rate of change of LVDT output in mv per cm
Maximum usable value of sensor output D21
Minimum usable value of sensor output D21
Reference Page
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Table D-2. Diagnostic Parameters
ID
D00
D01
D02
D03
D04
D05
D06
D10
D11
D12
D13
D14
D21
D22
D23
D24
D25
Parameter
Manufacturer ID
Model code
Request preamble
HART Rev
TS Cmd Rev
Software Rev
Hardware Rev
Process value
Level
Current output
Percent range
Ullage
Normalised
Compensated
Raw output
Percent Level
Temperature
Short Description
Rosemount Measurement
Model code e.g. LTC65FAN5GJ3100
No. of bytes to set up modulation
Identifies major revision of the HART protocol
Transmitter specific command revision
Software functionality revision
Hardware version number
Output calculated from the level measurement
Immersed length of displacer
Proportional to PV (limits set on P15 and P16)
Current output as % of full scale
Space available (re-fill quantity)
Sensor output after linearization and smoothing
Sensor output after temp compensation
Unprocessed sensor output
% of level of interest between P17 and P18
Sensor temperature monitored / preset by P44
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D-3
Reference Manual
Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
Figure D-1. Field Communicator Menu Tree
1. Configure/
Setup
1. Basic Setup
1. Basic Setup
2. Analog Output
1. Tag P01
2. Set Calibrate max
3. Calibrate max P15
4. Calibrate max P16
5. Smoothing time P20
1. Set Calibrate max
2. Calibrate max P15
3. Calibrate max P16
4. Current output D12
5. Percent range D13
6. Apply values
2. Device Configuration
3. Variables Configuration
4. Calibration
Configuration
1. Identity
1. Tag P01
2. Manufacturer ID D00
3. Model code D01
4. Device Type D950
5. Password P06 is Open
6. Sensor ser No P05
7. Final Assy No P04
8. Device ID D08
9. Date P03
- Description P02
- Message P00
- Device Image
- Mobrey Logo
- Emerson Logo
2. Device Revisions
1. HART Rev D03
2. TS Cmd Rev D04
3. Software Rev D05
4. Hardware Rev D06
3. LCD
1. Display 1 P23
2. Display 2 P24
4. HART
Communications
1. Poll Address D951
2. Request Pream
1. Scaled Variable
1. Tag P01
2. PV units P12
3. Set Curve profile
4. Curve profile P11
5. Set PV scale factor
6. PV scale factor P13
7. Standing value P14
8. Tank Image
2. Process
Properties
1. Set Process Tempe...
2. Process temp P25
3. Temperature D25
4. SG lower P26
5. SG upper P27
6. PV scale factor P13
7. Temp setup P58
8. SG setup P59
3. Electronics
Temperature
1. Set Temperature
2. Temperature P44
3. Temp coeff P45
4. Temperature D25
5. Temp max P46
6. Temp min P47
4. Engineering
Setup
1. Alarm delay P21
2. Alarm action P22
1. Analog
Calibration
1. D/A Trim
2. Loop test
3. Current output D12
4. Percent range D13
5. Current Output Diagnostics
2. Ref Calibrate
5. Advanced Setup
D-4
2. Device
Diagnostics
See Next Page
3. Process
Variables
See Next Page
1. Sensor rerange
2. Apply values
3. Sensor
Calibration
1. LVDT
2. Sensor
1. Displacer
Properties
1. Displacer length P51
2. Displacer area P52
3. Displacer weight P53
4. Spring Material P54
5. Spring rate P55
Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
2. Device
Diagnostics
1. Summary
2. Failed
1. Tag P01
2.. Device Type D950
3. Manufactuer ID D00
4 Sensor ser No P05
5. Temp max P46
6. Temp min P47
7. Field device has m..
8. Status image
9. Status Image
1. Hardware error
2 Process
3. Advisory
1. Device Status
4. Monitor Readings
1. Variables
2. Analog output
1. ADC reference high
2. ADC reference low
3. ROM checksum error
4. EEPROM Signauture
5. EEPROM checksum error
6. RAM test failure
1. Output fault high
2. Output fault low
1. Process value D10
2. Level D11
1. Current output D12
2. Percent range D13
5. Monitor Diagnsotics
6. Status Group1
3. Process
Variables
1. PV (P15 = NaN)
2. PV (P15 not = NaN
1. Normalised D21
2. Compensated D22
3. Raw output D23
4. Percent level D24
5 Temperature D25
6. History
1. Date P03
2. Temp max P46
3. Temp min P47
1. Status Group 1
1. PV Measurement
1. Process value D10
2. Current output D12
3. Percent range D13
2. Range Values
1. Calibrate max P15
2. Displacer length P51
3. Calibrate min P16
3. Smoothing time P20
4. Device Image
5. Status Image
6. Primary Variable
7. PV
3. Measured Variables
1. Variable Measure...
2. Curve profile P11
3 PV scale factor P13
4. Standing value P14
5. Tank Image
4. Identification
1. Tag P01
2. Manufacturer ID D00
3. Model code D01
4. Device Type D950
5. Sensor ser No. P05
6. Final Assy No P04
7. Device ID D08
8. Date P03
9. Description P02
-. Message P00
-. Device Image
-. Mobrey Logo
-. Emerson Logo
1. Process value D10
2. Level D11
3. Ullage D14
D-5
Appendix D: Field Communicator Data Map
June 2012
D-6
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix E: Data Processing Flow Chart
Reference Manual
June 2012
IP2020, Rev. BA
Appendix E
E.1
Data Processing Flow Chart
Data processing flow chart
Figure E-1 below shows the data processing within the MLT100 transmitter.
The transmitter is set up by P** parameters and, as the data is processed, diagnostic
information is produced which is available as D** parameters. These parameters are identified
alongside the diagram.
E-1
Reference Manual
Appendix E: Data Processing Flow Chart
IP2020, Rev. BA
June 2012
Figure E-1. Data processing within the MLT100 transmitter
Temperature
Temperature
Sensor
Sensor
Level Sensor
Level
Sensor
Filtering
Filtering
D25
P44 / P45
Temperature
Temperature
Compensation
Compensation
P51 / P59/ P61 / P65
System
System
Characterisation
Characterisation
P20
Damping
Damping
D21
P25 / P27
P11
Linear
Level
Calculation
Calculation
Non-linear
Non-linear
Profile
Profile
Selected?
Selected?
D11
NO
YES
P30... P39
Non-linear
Non-linear
Profiling
Profiling
P13
Scaling
for
Scaling for
PVUnits
Units
PV
P14
Standing
Standing
Value
Value
P15 / P16
% Current
% Current Output
Output
Calculation
Calculation
P21 / P22
Alarm
Alarm
Action
Action
D10
Ullage
Ullage
Calculation
Calc.
D14
D13
Current
Current
Output
Output
D12
Optional
Display
Optional
Module
Display
Module
E-2
Reference Manual
IP2020, Rev BA
June 2012
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All other marks are the property of their respective owners.
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© 2012 Rosemount Measurement Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Rosemount Measurement Ltd.
158 Edinburgh Avenue
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T +44 (0)1753 756600
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