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VDO CR 2201 Specifications
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UAIS TRANSPONDER
FA-100
The paper used in this manual
is elemental chlorine free.
FURUNO Authorized Distributor/Dealer
9-52 Ashihara-cho,
Nishinomiya, 662-8580, JAPAN
Telephone :
0798-65-2111
Fax
0798-65-4200
:
All rights reserved.
Printed in Japan
FIRST EDITION : SEP. 2002
K4
: SEP. 07, 2005
Pub. No. OME-44170
( DAMI ) FA-100
*00080932315*
*00080932315*
*00080932315*
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not open the equipment.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
WARNING LABEL
A warning label is attached to the AC-DC
power supply. Do not remove the label.
If the label is missing or damaged, contact
a FURUNO agent or dealer about
replacement.
WARNING
To avoid electrical shock, do not
remove cover. No user-serviceable
parts inside.
Name: Warning Label (1)
Type: 86-003-1011-1
Code No.: 100-236-231
Immediately turn off the power at the
switchboard if water leaks into the
equipment or something is dropped in
the equipment.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock. Contact a FURUNO
agent for service.
Do not disassemble or modify the
equipment.
Fire, electrical shock or serious injury can
result.
Do not place liquid-filled containers on
the top of the equipment.
Fire or electrical shock can result if a liquid
spills into the equipment.
Immediately turn off the power at the
switchboard if the equipment is emitting
smoke or fire.
Continued use of the equipment can cause
fire or electrical shock. Contact a FURUNO
agent for service.
Make sure no rain or water splash leaks
into the equipment.
Fire or electrical shock can result if water
leaks in the equipment.
Do not operate the equipment with wet
hands.
Electrical shock can result.
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
FOREWORD ...........................................iii
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION ...................v
PROGRAM NUMBER.............................vi
SYSTEM OVERVIEW ............................vii
SPECIFICATIONS..............................SP-1
1 OPERATION .........................................1
1.1 Description of Controls......................... 1
1.2 Turning On and Off............................... 2
1.3 Adjusting Display Brilliance and
Contrast ................................................ 3
1.4 Menu Overview.................................... 4
1.4.1 Menu operating procedure ........ 4
1.4.2 Remarks on menu operation ..... 5
1.5 Setting Up for a Voyage ....................... 7
1.6 Setting CPA/TCPA................................ 10
1.7 Plotter Display.................................... 11
1.8 Target Data Display............................ 12
1.8.1 Normal target data................... 12
1.8.2 Finding dangerous ship’s data . 14
1.9 Own Ship’s Information ...................... 15
1.9.1 Own static data ....................... 15
1.9.2 Own dynamic data................... 17
1.10 Messages .......................................... 18
1.10.1 Sending a message................. 18
1.10.2 Receiving messages ............... 20
1.10.3 Message logs.......................... 21
1.11 Regional Operating Channels............. 22
1.11.1 Viewing channels, Tx power .... 22
1.11.2 Displaying, editing regional
operating area status ............... 23
1.12 Enabling/Disabling the Buzzer............ 25
1.13 Long Range Mode ............................. 26
ii
2 MAINTENANCE,
TROUBLESHOOTING....................... 27
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.5
Maintenance ...................................... 27
Resetting the Breaker......................... 28
Replacement of Battery...................... 28
Troubleshooting ................................. 29
Diagnostics ........................................ 30
2.5.1 Displaying program number..... 30
2.5.2 Memory test ............................ 31
2.5.3 Keyboard test .......................... 31
2.5.4 LCD test.................................. 32
2.5.5 On/off history........................... 32
2.5.6 GPS test ................................. 33
2.6 Alarm Status ...................................... 34
2.7
2.8
2.9
2.10
Error Messages.................................. 35
GPS Monitor ...................................... 36
Displaying Sensor Status.................... 37
Restoring Default Settings.................. 38
APPENDIX .........................................AP-1
Menu Tree ............................................. AP-1
Parts List................................................ AP-3
Parts Location........................................ AP-4
Digital Interface (IEC 61162-1 Edition 2
(2000-07)/ IEC 61162-2(1998-09)).......... AP-7
VHF channel list.................................... AP-26
INDEX.................................................. IN-1
Declaration of conformity
FOREWORD
A Word to the Owner of the FA-100
FURUNO Electric Company thanks you for purchasing the FA-100 UAIS Transponder. We
are confident you will discover why the FURUNO name has become synonymous with
quality and reliability.
For over 50 years FURUNO Electric Company has enjoyed an enviable reputation for
quality and reliability throughout the world. This dedication to excellence is furthered by
our extensive global network of agents and dealers.
Your equipment is designed and constructed to meet the rigorous demands of the marine
environment. However, no machine can perform its intended function unless properly
operated and maintained. Please carefully read and follow the operation and maintenance
procedures set forth in this manual.
We would appreciate feedback from you, the end-user, about whether we are achieving
our purposes.
Thank you for considering and purchasing FURUNO.
Note: The example screens shown in this manual may not match the screens you see on
your display. The screen you see depends on your system configuration and equipment
settings.
Features
The FA-100 is a universal shipborne AIS (Automatic Identification System) capable of
exchanging navigation and ship data between own ship and other ships or coastal stations.
It complies with IMO MSC.74(69) Annex 3, A.694, ITU-R M.1371-1 and DSC ITU-R M.825.
It also complies with IEC 61993-2 (Type testing standard), IEC 60945 (EMC and
environmental conditions).
The FA-100 consists of VHF/GPS antennas, a transponder unit and several associated
units. The transponder contains a VHF transmitter, two TDMA receivers on two parallel
VHF channels, a DSC channel 70 receiver, interface, communication processor, LCD
display, and internal GPS receiver. The internal GPS is a 12-channel all-in-view receiver
with a differential capability, and provides UTC reference for system synchronization to
eliminate clash among multiple users. It also gives position, COG and SOG when the
external GPS fails.
The LCD panel displays all required information about static data, dynamic data,
voyage-related data and short safety-related messages. The information and messages
are automatically updated according to the ITU-R M.1371-1, e.g., static information every
6 min and on request, dynamic information every 10 s on ship faster than 3 kt and 3.3 s
when changing course at 0-14 kt, etc.
iii
The main features are
• Safety of navigation by automatically exchanging navigational data between ships and
between ship and coast.
• Static data:
- MMSI (Maritime Mobile Service Identity)
- IMO number (where available)
- Call sign & name
- Length and beam
- Type of ship
- Location of position-fixing antenna on the ship
• Dynamic data:
- Ship’s position with accuracy indication and integrity status
- UTC
- Course over ground (COG)
- Speed over ground (SOG)
- Heading
- Navigation status (manual input)
- Rate of turn (where available)
• Voyage-related data
- Ship’s draught
- Hazardous cargo (type)
- Destination and ETA (at master’s discretion)
• Short safety-related messages, Free messages
• LCD panel satisfying the IMO minimum requirements plus simple plotting modes
• Interfaces for radar, ECDIS, PC, LAN for future networking expansion
• GPS/VHF combined antenna for easy installation available
• CPA/TCPA alarm
• Built-in GPS receiver for UTC synchronization and backup position fixing
iv
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
Either
GPS Antenna
GPA-017S
GSC-001
VHF Antenna
GPS/VHF
Combined Antenna
GVA-100
Distributor Unit
DB-1
Transponder Unit
FA-100
Junction Box CB-100
Power Supply
PR-240-CE
GPS Navigator *
Other external equipment
Ship's Mains
100/110/115/200/
220/230 VAC
1φ, 50/60Hz
GPA-017S
GSC-001 GVA-100
FA-100 CB-100 PR-240
DB-1
: Standard : Option 24 VDC
12-24 VDC
Exposed to weather Exposed to weather Exposed to weather
Protected from weather Protected from weather Protected from weather Protected from weather
: Local supply
*: External GPS navigator is required.
v
PROGRAM NUMBER
PCB
MAIN
SUB
H8S1
H8S2
H8S3
vi
Version No.
245-0001-002
245-0002-002
245-0003-001
245-0004-001
245-0005-001
Date
Nov/2002
Nov/2002
Sep/2002
Sep/2002
Sep/2002
Reason for Modification
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
System overview
The Automatic Identification System (AIS) was originally developed to aid the Vessel
Traffic Services (VTS) by use of a VHF transponder working on Digital Selective Call
(DSC) at VHF CH70, and is still in use along the UK coastal areas and others. Some time
later the IMO developed a Universal AIS using the new sophisticated technology called
Self-Organized Time Division Multiple Access (SOTDMA) based on a VHF Data Link
(VDL).
The system operates in three modes – autonomous (continuous operation in all areas),
assigned (data transmission interval remotely controlled by authority in traffic monitoring
service) and polled (in response to interrogation from a ship or authority). It is
synchronized with GPS time to avoid conflict among multiple users (IMO minimum 2000
reports per minute and IEC requires 4500 reports on two channels). The VHF channels
87B and 88B are commonly used and in addition there are local AIS frequencies.
Shipborne AIS transponders exchange various data as specified by the IMO and ITU on
either frequency automatically set up by the frequency management telecommand
received by the DSC receiver on ship. VHF transmit power is also set up for 12.5 W or
2 W automatically.
AIS-fitted AtoN broadcasts its
identification, type of operation,
location, displacement, etc. at
3 min intervals or at a reporting
rate designated by the
Administration authorities.
Aids to
Navigation
(AtoN)
VTS Center transmits TDMA CH
management message including
code, type, position, etc. of buoys
every 3 min, and the AtoN broadcasts
these messages for ships.
VTS center
The VTS center transmits a command on
frequency assignment, slots, report rate,
VHF output power, channel spacing, etc.
(Assigned mode)
Transponder
Static and Dynamic information incl.
MMSI, Name, POSN, HDG, COG, SOG
Interrogation and Response
Own ship
Ship 1
All ships broadcast Static and Dynamic information (autonomous and
continuous mode). If OS wants to know information about ship 1, OS shall
send an interrogation in polling mode; then ship 1 will transmit her
response on the same VHF channel without operator intervention.
AIS system
vii
Not all ships carry AIS
The Officer of the Watch (OOW) should always be aware that other ships, and in particular
leisure craft, fishing boats and warships, and some coastal shore stations including Vessel
Traffic Service centers might not be fitted with AIS.
The OOW should also be aware that AIS fitted on other ships as a mandatory carriage
requirement might be switched off by professional judgment of the master. Thus, users are
therefore cautioned to always bear in mind that information provided by AIS may not be
giving a complete or correct “picture” of shipping traffic in their vicinity.
Use of AIS in collision avoidance
As an anti-collision aid the AIS has the following advantages over radar:
• Information provided in near real-time
• Capable of instant presentation of target course alterations
• Not subject to target swap
• Not subject to target loss in clutter
• Not subject to target loss due to fast maneuvers
• Able to detect ships within VHF/FM coverage, including in some circumstances, around
bends and behind islands.
When using the AIS for anti-collision purposes it is important to remember that the AIS is
an additional source of navigation information. It does not replace other navigational
systems. Once again, remember that the AIS may not be giving a complete or correct
“picture” of shipping traffic in their vicinity.
The use of the AIS does not negate the responsibility of the OOW to comply with all
collision regulation requirements, especially the maintaining of a proper look-out. The
prudent navigator uses all aids available to navigate the ship.
Erroneous information
Erroneous information implies a risk to other ships as well as your own. Poorly configured
or calibrated sensors might lead to incorrect information being transmitted. It is the user’s
responsibility to ensure that all information entered into the system is correct and up to
date.
viii
SPECIFICATIONS OF THE U-AIS TRANSPONDER FA-100
The AIS shall improve the safety of navigation by assisting in the efficient navigation of ship’s,
protection of the environment, and operation of Vessel Traffic Services (VTS), by the functions of
collision avoidance, ships’ and cargo’s information obtaining, and traffic management.
1
GENERAL
1.1
Display
Monochrome STN-LCD, 60 (H) x 95 (W) mm, 120 x 64 dots
1.2
TX/RX Frequency
156.025 MHz to 162.025 MHz
1.3
Output Power
2 W/ 12.5 W or 0W exchangeable
1.4
Impedance
50 ohms
1.5
DSC Receiver
CH70 fixed, 156.525 MHz, G2B, 1200 bps
1.6
Band Width
25 kHz/ 12.5 kHz
2
TRANSPONDER UNIT
2.1
CPU
SH7709A, 76.0 MHz
2.2
ROM
Flash ROM 1 MW
2.3
Menu
Target data/ Plotter/ Own data/ Set MSG/ Init Settings/
System Settings/ Diagnostics
3
GPS RECEIVER
3.1
Receiving Channels
3.2
Rx Frequency/ Rx Code 1575.42 MHz, C/A code
3.3
Position Fixing System All in view, 8-state Kalman filter
3.4
Position Accuracy
12 channels parallel, 12 satellites tracking
Approx. 10 m, 95% of the time, (HDOP
4)
DGPS: approx. less than 5 m, 95% of the time
3.5
Tracking Velocity
900 kts
3.6
Position-fixing Time
Warm start: 12 seconds, Cold start: 90 seconds
3.7
Position Update Interval 1 second
3.8
DGPS Data Receiving
4
INTERFACES
4.1
Sensor 1/ 2/ 3
IEC 61162-1(2000-07)/61162-2(1998-09)
Input:
DTM, GNS, GLL, GGA, RMC, VBW, VTG, OSD, HDT, GBS,
RTCM SC-104 Ver 2.1 formatted
ROT (GN>GP>GL>LC)
4.2
PC I/O, EXTRA1, LR or ECDIS/RADAR
IEC 61162-1(2000-07)/61162-2(1998-09)
Input:
VSD, SSD, ABM, BBM, ACA, ACK, AIR, DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL,
GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, RMC, ROT, VBW, VTG
Output:
VDM, VDO, ABK, ACA, ALR, TXT, LR1, LR2, LR3, LRF, LRI
4.3
Alarm
Contact Closure
4.4
LAN (10base-T)
IEC61162-4
SP-1
E4417S01G
4.5
AD-10
AD-10 format
5
POWER SUPPLY
5.1
Transponder Unit
5.2
AC/DC Power Supply Unit (PR-240, option)
6
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
6.1
Ambient Temperature
12-24 VDC: 7-3.5 A
GPS Antenna Unit:
-25°C to +70°C
Other units:
-15°C to +55°C
6.2
Relative Humidity
95% at 40°C
6.3
Waterproof (IEC 61529)
Antenna Unit:
IPX6
Other units:
IPX0
6.4
Vibration
IEC 60945 ed.3
7
COATING COLOR
7.1
GPS Antenna Unit:
N9.5
7.2
Other units:
2.5GY5/1.5
SP-2
100-115/200-230 VAC, 1 phase, 50/60 Hz
E4417S01G
1
OPERATION
1.1
Description of Controls
a
a
a
a
1
aa
aa
FURUNO
2 ABC
3 DEF
4 GHI
5 JKL
6 MNO
7 PQRS
8 TUV
9 WXYZ
*
NEXT
0 _,.
MENU
CONT/BRILL
CLR
ALM
SFT
+/-
ENT
POWER
FA-100 Transponder unit
Description of controls
Control
Description
0-9
Alphanumeric, symbol input keys
2(▲) and 8(▼)
Adjust display brilliance and keyboard backlighting; scroll
display.
4(◄) and 6(►)
Shift the cursor left and right (pressed with [SFT/ +/-]),
respectively; adjust contrast.
CLR/ALM
Clears an entry; silences the audio alarm.
SFT/ +/-
Selects numeric or alphabet entry mode alternately; selects
options on menus.
CLR/ALM + SFT/ +/-
Change the contrast and brilliance.
ENT
Concludes an entry.
NEXT
Chooses next line. Press together with [SFT/ +/-] to shift
cursor in reverse direction.
MENU
Displays menu. Also used to perform “escape”.
POWER
Turns the power on and off.
1
1 OPERATION
1.2
Turning On and Off
Press the [POWER] key to turn the
equipment on and off. The startup
screen appears. Showing FURUNO
logo along with the date and time of
last power-off.
SHUT DOWN
26/OCT/2004
05:46:52
Note: If the vessel’s MMSI has not
been registered in the equipment, the
message “[ERROR] ENTER MMSI!”
appears at power up. If this occurs,
contact a FURUNO agent or dealer.
Date and time of last power-off.
Startup screen
After the FURUNO logo disappears, the screen displays “NOW
STARTING…CHECKING MEMORY. At this time the BIIT (built-in integrity test
facility) checks the major circuits including RAM, ROM, interface, etc. The
plotter display appears, showing the message “NOW SORTING.” This means
the equipment is sorting targets by distance, from closest to furthest. This takes
several seconds to complete.
RNG:
n
1.50 m
[- - - - - -]
SOG:
- - -.- kt
COG:
- - -.- deg
INTRD: 0
[ ]: FWD
[ ]: BACK
"Please Wait!" is shown when
no data is being received.
PLOTTER display
The FA-100 should be powered while underway or at anchor. The master may
switch off the AIS if he believes that the continual operation of the AIS might
compromise the safety or security of his ship. The AIS should be restarted
once the source of danger has disappeared.
The equipment transmits own ship static data within two minutes of start-up
and it is transmitted at six-minute intervals. Static data includes MMSI number,
IMO number, call sign, ship name, ship length and width, ship type and GPS
antenna position.
In addition to static data, ship’s dynamic data is also transmitted. This data
includes position with accuracy, SOG, COG, rate of turn, heading, etc. Dynamic
data is transmitted ever 2 s to 3 min depending on ship’s speed and course
change, voyage-related data, such as ship draft, hazardous cargo, destination
and estimated time of arrival, are transmitted at six-minute intervals.
2
1 OPERATION
The FA-100 starts receiving data from AIS-equipped ships as soon as it is
turned on, and the ships’ location on the plotter display is shown with the AIS
symbol. (To learn more about the plotter display, see paragraph 1.7.) With
connection of a radar or ECDIS, the AIS target symbols may be overlaid on the
radar or ECDIS.
Note 1: If no navigation sensor is installed or a sensor such as a gyrocompass
has failed, the AIS automatically transmits “not available” data.
Note 2: The reporting intervals are as follows
Ship’s navigation status and reporting interval
Ship’s navigation status
1.3
Moored
Reporting interval
3 min
0-14 kt speed
10 s
0-14 kt speed with course change
3+1/3 s
14-23 kt speed
6s
14-23 kt speed with course change
2s
Speed higher than 23 kt
2s
Speed higher than 23 kt with course change
2s
Adjusting Display Brilliance and Contrast
1. Press the [CLR/ALM]+[SFT/ +/-] keys together to show the dialog box
below.
BRILLIANCE
q
p
CONTRAST
u
t
ESC: [ENT]
Dialog box for adjustment of brilliance and contrast
2. Use the [▲] or [▼] key to adjust brilliance; [◄] or [►] key to adjust contrast.
3. Press the [ENT] key to close the dialog box.
Note: If you turn off the equipment with minimum contrast, the startup screen is
displayed in high contrast at the next power-on. However, the plotter
display, which appears after the startup screen, will be shown in
minimum contrast. Therefore, adjust the contrast as described above.
3
1 OPERATION
1.4
Menu Overview
You can choose the functionality of the equipment through the menu. If you get
lost in operation, press the [MENU] key until you return to the main menu. The
complete menu tree is provided in the Appendix.
1.4.1
Menu operating procedure
1. Press the [MENU] key to display the main menu.
Asterisk marks
current selection.
[MENU]
1 TARGET DATA
2 PLOTTER
3 OWN DATA
4 SET MSG
5 INIT SETTINGS
6 SYSTEM SETTINGS
7 DIAGNOSTICS
Main menu
2. Press appropriate numeric key to choose a wanted sub-menu. For example,
press the [6] key to choose the SYSTEM SETTINGS sub-menu. (You may
also choose a sub-menu by pressing the [NEXT] key to choose it and then
pressing the [ENT] key.)
[SYSTEM SETTINGS]
1 SET I/O PORT
2 SET CHANNEL
3 SET LR MODE
4 SET OTHER I/O
5 SET BUZZER
SYSTEM SETTINGS sub-menu
3. Press appropriate numeric key to choose sub-menu desired. For example,
press the [5] key to show the SET BUZZER sub-menu.
[SET BUZZER]
ALARM : OFF
CPA/TCPA: OFF
MSG ALM: OFF
+++-
"+/-" means to use the
[SFT/ +/-] key to choose
desired option.
SET BUZZER sub-menu
4. Choose item with the [NEXT] key. The asterisk shows current selection.
5. Depending on the sub-menu shown, use the alphanumeric keys to enter
data, or use the [SFT/ +/-], [▲], [▼], [◄] or [►] key to choose data.
6. Press the [ENT] key to register data.
7. Press the [MENU] key several times to return to the main menu.
4
1 OPERATION
1.4.2
Remarks on menu operation
Confirming entry
If, after you have changed data, you pressed the [MENU] key without pressing
the [ENT] key, the message shown below appears. If you want to cancel the
data, press the [ENT] key. If you wish to save, use the [▼] key to choose NO,
press the [ENT] key and then press the [ENT] key again.
CANCEL?
YES
NO +/-
“Are you sure” confirmation dialog
Choosing data input mode
To enter a specific numeric, alphabet or symbol, choose the appropriate data
input mode, numeric or alphabet. The active data input mode is shown at the
bottom left-hand corner of the screen. Use the [SFT/ +/-] key to select desired
mode. To enter a numeric, simply press appropriate numeric key. For alphabet
or symbol, press appropriate key until desired character or symbol appears.
[SET MSG]
Data Input Mode
123: Numeric
ABC: Alphabet
Use the [SFT/ +/-] key
to switch modes.
123
0/(151-161)
SET MSG screen
5
1 OPERATION
Shifting the cursor
To shift the cursor backward or forward, press [SFT/ +/-] + [◄] together to shift
it backward; [SFT/ +/-] + [►] together to shift it forward. This is convenient for
creating a space or using the same key consecutively.
Multiple page sub-menus
Some sub-menus have more than one page. In this case, an arrow(s) appears
at the top of the display to show which arrow key(s) to press to change the
page.
Page 1 of sub-menu.
Press [ ] to go to
next page.
[OWN STATIC DATA1]
NAME : SHIP
C. SIGN: CAL0001
MMSI : 123456789
IMO# : 623498071
Intermediate page in
sub-menu. Press [ ]
to go to next page;
[ ] to go to previous
page.
[OWN STATIC DATA2]
DESTINATION:
TOKYO
Last page of sub-menu.
Press [ ] to go to
previous page.
[OWN STATIC DATA5]
CREW : 12
TYPE : 36 CLASS : A
TYPE NAME
SAILING
DATE : 12/FEB
TIME : 10:25
OWN STATIC DATA displays 1, 2 and 5
Choosing options
Menu options may be chosen with the [▲], [▼], [◄] or [►] key or [SFT/ +/-]
key depending on the sub-menu. In the examples below, you may choose NAV
STATUS option with the [▲], [▼], [◄] or [►] key and ALARM option with the
[SFT/ +/-] key.
[SET STATUS]
NAV STATUS: 00
STATUS NAME
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE (DEFAULT)
Use these
arrow keys
to choose
an option.
[SET BUZZER]
ALARM : OFF
CPA/TCPA: OFF
MSG ALM: OFF
++ -+-
Use the
[SFT/ +/-] key
to choose
an option.
SET STATUS sub-menu
Saving settings
When the [MENU] key is pressed after changing an option (to register setting),
you are asked if you want to save the setting. To save the setting, press the
[ENT] key. To retain the previous setting, select NO and press the [ENT] key.
To escape, choose [CANCEL] and press the [ENT] key.
SAVE?
YES
NO
CANCEL +/-
Save confirmation dialog
6
1 OPERATION
1.5
Setting Up for a Voyage
There are five items on the INIT SETTINGS menu (Menu #5) you will need to
enter at the start of a voyage: draught, destination, navigation status, ship type
and number of crew.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [5] key to open the INIT SETTINGS menu.
[INIT SETTINGS]
1 SET SHIP DATA
2 SET DESTINATION
3 SET NAV STATUS
4 SET TYPE&CREW
5 SET CPA/TCPA
6 SET ANTENNA POS
INIT SETTING sub-menu
3. Press the [1] key to choose SET SHIP DATA.
[SET SHIP DATA]
DRAUGHT : 12.3 m
DTE
: KEY & DISP + -
SET SHIP DATA sub-menu
4. Confirm that DRAUGHT (draught) is selected.
5. Use the numeric keys to enter ship’s current draught for the voyage. (Be
sure to amend it if it changes during the voyage.)
Note: DTE should not be changed from "KEY & DISP."
6. Press the [ENT] key to register data and return to the INIT SETTINGS
menu.
7. Press the [2] key to choose SET DESTINATION.
[SET DESTINATION]
DATE: 00/00 (DD/MM)
TIME: 00:00
DESTINATION:
NONE
Dialog box for entry of destination
8. DATE is selected; enter estimated day and month of arrival at destination
and then press the [NEXT] key to choose TIME.
9. Enter estimated time of arrival at destination and then press the [NEXT] key
to choose DESTINATION.
7
1 OPERATION
10. Enter name of destination and then press the [ENT] key to register data and
return to the INIT SETTINGS menu.
Note: Be sure to change destination information when it changes.
11. Press the [3] key to choose SET NAV STATUS.
[SET STATUS]
NAV STATUS: 00
STATUS NAME
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE (DEFAULT)
SET STATUS sub-menu
12. Use the [▲], [▼], [◄] or [►] key to choose appropriate navigation status
referring to the list below.
[▲], [▼]: Increment, decrement selection number by 1.
[◄], [►]: Increment, decrement selection number by 10.
00:
01:
02:
03:
04:
05:
06:
07:
08:
09:
10:
11-15:
Underway using engine (default)
At anchor
Not under command
Restricted maneuverability
Constrained by draught
Moored
Aground
Engaged in fishing
Underway by sailing
Reserved for high speed craft (HSC)
Reserved for wing in ground (WIG, for example, hydrofoil)
Reserved for future use
13. Press the [ENT] key to register data and return to the INIT SETTINGS
menu.
14. Press the [4] key to choose SET TYPE&CREW.
[SET TYPE&CREW]
CREW
: 0012
TYPE CLASS : A
TYPE NO.
: 0
TYPE NAME
TYPE CLASS cannot
be changed.
(A = IMO type)
SET TYPE&CREW sub-menu
15. CREW is selected; enter number of crew with the numeric keys.
8
1 OPERATION
16. Press the [NEXT] key to choose TYPE NO.
Note: TYPE NO. is entered at installation. However, if the ship carries
hazardous cargo, dangerous goods, harmful substances or marine
pollutants it should be entered.
17. Use [▲], [▼], [◄], [►] to choose appropriate type number.
[▲], [▼]: Increment, decrement selection number by 1.
[◄], [►]: Increment, decrement selection number by 10.
Note: When “Tanker” is chosen and the Nav status is “Moored”, output power
is automatically switched to 1 W when SOG is less than 3 knots. Further, in the
above condition, when SOG becomes higher than 3 knots, the pop-up
message “CHANGE NAV STATUS?” appears and a beep sounds. (The pop-up
message “TX POWER CHANGED” also appears to notify you that the Tx
power has changed.) To erase the pop-up message, press any key or lower
SOG below 3 knots.
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
WIG
FISHING
TOWING
ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
NONE
ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
NONE
60 PASSENGER SHIPS ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
61 PASSENGER SHIPS CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
62 PASSENGER SHIPS CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
63 PASSENGER SHIPS CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
64 PASSENGER SHIPS CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
65 PASSENGER SHIPS FUTURE USE
66 PASSENGER SHIPS FUTURE USE
67 PASSENGER SHIPS FUTURE USE
68 PASSENGER SHIPS FUTURE USE
69 PASSENGER SHIPS NONE
70 CARGO SHIPS
ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
71 CARGO SHIPS
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
72 CARGO SHIPS
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
73 CARGO SHIPS
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
74 CARGO SHIPS
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
75 CARGO SHIPS
FUTURE USE
76 CARGO SHIPS
FUTURE USE
77 CARGO SHIPS
FUTURE USE
78 CARGO SHIPS
FUTURE USE
79 CARGO SHIPS
NONE
ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
80 TANKER
81 TANKER
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
LENGTH OF THE TOW EXCEEDS 200M OR BREADTH EXCEEDS 25M 82 TANKER
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
ENGAGED IN DREDGING OR UNDERWATER OPERATIONS 83 TANKER
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
ENGAGED IN DIVING OPERATIONS
84 TANKER
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
ENGAGED IN MILITARY OPERATIONS
85 TANKER
FUTURE USE
SAILING
86 TANKER
FUTURE USE
PLEASURE CRAFT
87 TANKER
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
88 TANKER
FUTURE USE
FUTURE USE
89 TANKER
NONE
ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
90 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP ALL SHIPS OF THIS TYPE
HSC
HSC
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
91 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(A)
HSC
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
92 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(B)
HSC
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
93 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(C)
HSC
CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
94 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP CARRYING DG, HS, OR MP(D)
HSC
FUTURE USE
95 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP FUTURE USE
HSC
FUTURE USE
96 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP FUTURE USE
HSC
FUTURE USE
97 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP FUTURE USE
HSC
FUTURE USE
98 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP FUTURE USE
HSC
NONE
99 OTHER TYPE OF SHIP NONE
PILOT
WIG: Wing in ground
SEARCH AND RESCUE VESSELS
HSC: High speed craft
TUGS
DG: Dangerous goods
PORT TENDERS
VESSELS WITH ANTI-POLL UTION FACILITIES OR EQUIPMENT
LAW ENFORCEMENT VESSELS
SPARE-FOR ASSIGNMENTS TO LOCAL VESSELS
SPARE-FOR ASSIGNMENTS TO LOCAL VESSELS
MEDICAL TRANSPORTS
SHIPS ACCORDING TO RESOLUTION NO 18
HS: Harmful substances
MP: Marine pollutants
0-9: Undefined
18.Press the [ENT] key to register settings and return to the INIT SETTINGS
menu.
19. Press the [MENU] key. You are asked if you are sure to save settings.
9
1 OPERATION
SAVE ?
YES
NO
CANCEL
20. Press the [ENT] key to save settings.
1.6 Setting CPA/TCPA
Set the CPA (Closest Point of Approach and TCPA (Time to Closest Point of
Approach) of AIS targets for which you want to be alerted to targets close to
own ship. When a ship whose CPA and TCPA are lower than set here the audio
alarm sounds (if active). (The audio alarm may be activated or deactivated
through the menu. See paragraph 1.12.)
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [5] key to open the INIT SETTINGS menu.
3. Press the [5] key to choose SET CPA/TCPA.
[SET CPA/TCPA]
CPA:
0.90 nm
TCPA:
01 min
+ACTV:
DSBL
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Dialog box for entry of CPA/TCPA
Enter desired CPA (setting range: 0-6.00 nm) with the numeric keys and
then press the [NEXT] key to choose TCPA.
Enter desired TCPA (setting range: 1-60 min) with the numeric keys and
then press the [NEXT] key to chose ACTV.
Press the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose ENBL to activate the CPA/TCPA alarm;
DSBL to disable it.
Press the [ENT] key to return to the INIT SETTINGS menu.
Press the [MENU] key. You are asked if you are sure to save settings.
SAVE ?
YES
NO
CANCEL
SAVE confirmation screen
9. Press the [ENT] key to save settings.
If, when ACTV is set to ENBL, a target whose CPA and TCPA are lower than
set here is detected, the message WNG COLLISION appears and the audio
alarm sounds (if active). Press the [CLR/ALM] key to erase the message and
silence the alarm.
10
1 OPERATION
1.7
Plotter Display
The plotter display automatically appears at each power on. You may also
display it as below. AIS targets are displayed automatically.
A target (target marker is hollow) indicates the presence of a vessel equipped
with AIS in a certain location and course. If you desire to know more about a
vessel’s data, select as in step 4 below.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [2] key to show the PLOTTER display.
3. Use the [1] or [3] key to choose the range: [1] key to lower it; [3] key to raise
it. The available ranges are (in nm) 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.5, 3, 6, 12, and
24.
4. To find a target’s data, do the following:
a) Use the [◄] or [►] key to fill a wanted target marker in black; namely,
activate the target.
b) Press the [SFT/ +/-] key to display SOG/COG and CPA/TCPA alternately.
c) Press the [ENT] key to display other data. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to scroll
the data. The data is the same as that shown on the TARGET DATA
sub-menu. For details, see paragraph 1.8.
Selected target
(circle filled in black)
Target
(hollow circle)
Own ship marker
Display range
RNG:
1.50
n
m
[FURUNO]
SOG:
10.2 kt
COG:
135.0 deg
INTRD: 0
[ ]: FWD
[ ]: BACK
* = Use [SFT +/-] key to
show CPA/TCPA.
Target name
Speed over ground*
Course over ground*
Number of targets
within the guard zone
(CPA setting)
Use keys shown to select
target to display its data.
Plotter display
Note 1: If no signal is received from an AIS target for three minutes and twenty
seconds it is declared a lost target. Six minutes and forty seconds later
it is erased from the screen.
Note 2: When a target’s CPA and TCPA are lower than set in paragraph 1.6,
the target flashes and the audio alarm sounds (if active). Press the
[CLR/ALM] key to stop the flashing and silence the audio alarm. Take
suitable measures to avoid collision.
11
1 OPERATION
1.8
Target Data Display
If you desire detailed information about a target, do the following:
1.8.1
Normal target data
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [1] key to choose TARGET DATA. (To show the DANGEROUS
SHIPS display at this time, press the [SFT/ +/-] key. For further details
about the DANGEROUS SHIPS display see paragraph 1.8.2.)
Targets listed in
order of range from
own ship
Target’s name, and
range and bearing
from own ship to target
NAME RNG( nm ) BRG(°)
FURUNO
2.9
276.1
VOYAGE
3.1
292.9
QUEST
4.3
279.5
SEADOG
15.6
82.0
INTREP
21.1 123.1
GLOBER
28.8 246.3
DTLS: [ENT]
1/
6
Target no. selected,
no. of targets
Target list
3. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to choose the target whose data you wish to view,
and then press [ENT] key.
4. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to scroll the display.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to return to the main menu.
See the illustration on the next page for target data display examples.
12
1 OPERATION
[DETAILS DATA] DNG
MMSI : 431099806
NAME : FURUNO
MMSI no.
Name
C. SIGN: ZL6DEF1
IMO# : 109873421
CPA : 0.02 nm
TCPA : 0'17"
Call sign
IMO no.
CPA
TCPA
[ ]
"LOST" appears when signal
from a target is lost. Three
minutes after the loss the
target's data is erased.
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI: 431099806
LAT : 34°03.5442'N
LON : 134°30.3883'E
COG : 270.0 deg
SOG : 20.0 kt
RNG : 25.1 nm
BRG : 278.0 deg
[ ]
"DNG" (DANGER) appears
when a target's CPA and TCPA
are lower than the CPA/TCPA
setting.
MMSI no.
Latitude
Longitude
Course over ground
Speed over ground
Range
Bearing
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI: 431099806
HDG: 123.4 deg
ROT: 12.3 deg/min
MMSI no.
Heading
Rate of Turn
DRAUGHT: 7.5m
[ ]
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI: 431099806
DESTINATION:
KOBE
Destination
DATE: 12/OCT
TIME : 13:15
Date of arrival
Time of arrival
[ ]
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI: 431099806
C
MMSI no.
LENG: 123 m
A BEAM: 012 m
A: 100 m
B B: 023 m
C: 06 m
D
D: 06 m
[ ]
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI : 431099806
TYPE NO : 255
TYPE NAME
FUTURE USE
[ ]
Length of ship
Beam of ship
Distance from bow to GPS antenna position
Distance from stern to GPS antenna position
Distance from port to GPS antenna position
Distance from starboard to GPS antenna position
MMSI no.
Type no.
Type description
[ ]
[DETAILS DATA]
MMSI : 431099806
NAV STATUS NO : 00
NAV STATUS
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE (DEFAULT)
MMSI no.
Navigation status no.
Navigation status description
Target data displays
13
1 OPERATION
1.8.2
Finding dangerous ship’s data
You can easily find dangerous ships whose CPA and TCPA are lower than the
preset CPA and TCPA values set on the INIT SETTINGS menu.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [1] key to choose TARGET DATA.
3. Press the [SFT/ +/-] key to show the DANGEROUS SHIPS display.
[DANGEROUS SHIPS]
n
Target’s name, and
CPA and TCPA
NAME CPA( m) TCPA
BOUNTY
0.20 2’00’’
SEADOG
1.00 2’30’’
DTLS: [ENT]
1/
2
Target no. selected,
no. of dangerous targets
Dangerous ships display
4. To find a dangerous target’s details, choose it using the [▲] or [▼] key and
then press the [ENT] key. The data format is the same as that shown on the
previous page.
5. Press the [MENU] key several times to return to the main menu.
Note: The message “LOST” appears at the top of the DANGEROUS SHIPS
display when no AIS signal is received from the selected target.
14
1 OPERATION
1.9
Own Ship’s Information
The OWN DATA menu (Menu #3) shows your ship's information and status (set
on the INIT SETTING menu) and navigation data.
1.9.1
Own static data
The OWN STATIC DATA display shows your ship’s static data, which includes
MMSI, call sign and name, IMO number, length and beam, type of ship and
location of position fixing antenna. This data should be checked once per
voyage or once per month whichever is shorter. Data may be changed only on
the authority of the master.
1. Press the [MENU] key to show the menu.
2. Press the [3] key to open the OWN DATA sub-menu.
[OWN DATA]
1 OWN STATIC DATA
2 OWN DYNAMIC DATA
3 ALARM STATUS
4 SENSOR STATUS
5 INTERNAL GPS
.
OWN DATA sub-menu
3. Press the [1] key to choose OWN STATIC DATA.
4. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to view other pages.
5. Press the [MENU] key twice to return to the main menu.
See the illustration on the next page for own static data examples.
15
1 OPERATION
[OWN STATIC DATA1]
NAME : XXXX
Name
Call sign
C. SIGN: CAL0001
MMSI : 123456789
IMO
: 623498071
[ ]
MMSI no.
IMO no.
[ ]
[OWN STATIC DATA2]
DESTINATION:
TOKYO
Destination
DATE : 12/DEC
TIME : 10:25
Estimated date of arrival
Estimated time of arrival
[ ]
[ ]
[OWN STATIC DATA3]
DTE
: DEFAULT
DRAUGHT: 12.1 m
NAV STATUS: 00
STATUS NAME
UNDER WAY USING
ENGINE (DEFAULT)
[ ]
Data terminal equipment status
Draught
Navigation status no.
Navigation status description
[ ]
[OWN STATIC DATA4]
CPA
: 1.50 nm
TCPA
: 10 min
ANT POS INT.
EXT.
LENGTH A : 75 m 77 m
LENGTH B : 20 m 18 m
LENGTH C : 15 m 18 m
LENGTH D : 15 m 12 m
[ ]
CPA (preset value)
TCPA (preset value)
IN: Internal GPS, OUT: External GPS
Distance from bow to GPS antenna position
Distance from stern to GPS antenna position
Distance from port to GPS antenna position
Distance from starboard to GPS antenna position
[ ]
[OWN STATIC DATA5]
CREW : 12
TYPE : 36 CLASS : A
TYPE NAME
SAILING
Number of crew
Ship type, class
Ship type description
OWN STATIC DATA displays
16
1 OPERATION
1.9.2
Own dynamic data
The OWN DYNAMIC DATA display shows your ship’s dynamic data, which
includes time, date, ship’s position, course over ground (COG), speed over
ground (SOG), rate of turn (ROT), and heading.
The OOW should periodically check position, speed over ground and sensor
information.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [3] key to choose OWN DATA.
3. Press the [2] key to choose OWN DYNAMIC DATA.
Date, time
Latitude
Longitude
Speed over ground
Course over ground
Rate of turn
Heading
[OWN DYNAMIC DATA]
01/JAN/2002
13:24:55
LAT
: 34°45.2132’ N
LON : 135°21.2345’ E
SOG : 8.1 kt
COG : 118.5 deg
ROT* : R10.3 deg/min
HDG : 120.7 deg
Flashing when transmitting
* = If no ROT device is connected and HDG
sentence is input from a gyrocompass, etc.,
the following is displayed:
Rate of turn less than 10°/min.: 0.0
Rate of turn 10°/min. rightward or higher: R>10
Rate of turn 10°/min. leftward or higher: L>10
OWN DYNAMIC DATA display
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the display.
17
1 OPERATION
1.10
Messages
You may send and receive messages via the VHF link, to a specified
destination (MMSI) or all ships in the area. Messages can be sent to warn of
safety of navigation, for example, an iceberg sighted. Routine messages are
also permitted.
Short safety related messages are only an additional means to broadcast
safety information. They do not remove the requirements of the GMDSS.
When a message is received, the equipment beeps and the indication
“MESSAGE” appears. The contents of the message may be viewed on the
receive message log.
1.10.1
Sending a message
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [4] key to open the SET MSG sub-menu.
[SET MSG]
1 CREATE MSG
2 XMIT MSG(S)
3 RCVD MSG(S)
SET MSG sub-menu
3. Press the [1] key to open the CREATE MSG sub-menu.
[CREATE MSG]
1 SET MSG TYPE
2 SET MSG
3 SEND MSG
CREATE MSG sub-menu
4. Press the [1] key to choose SET MSG TYPE.
[SET MSG TYPE]
+ADDRESS TYPE:
BROAD-CAST
MMSI: - - - - - - - - MSG TYPE: NORMAL + CHANNEL#: A OR B + MMS
SET MSG TYPE sub-menu
18
1
OPERATION
5. ADDRESS TYPE is selected; use the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose address
type: ADDRESS-CAST for a specific ship, or BROAD-CAST for all ships.
For BROAD-CAST go to step 7.
6. For ADDRESS-CAST, press the [NEXT] key to choose “MMSI,” and then
enter the MMSI of the receiving ship.
7. Press the [NEXT] key to choose MSG TYPE.
8. Use the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose message type: NORMAL (message other
than safety) or SAFETY (important navigational or meteorological warning).
Note: Some non-FURUNO AIS transponders may not be able to receive a
“normal” priority message. Confirm feasibility with receiving vessel.
9. Press the [NEXT] key to choose CHANNEL#.
10. Use the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose which channel to transmit your message
over; CH-A, CH-B, BOTH (CH-A and CH-B), or “A OR B” (either channel).
11. Press the [ENT] key to register settings and return to the CREATE MSG
sub-menu.
12. Press the [2] key to choose SET MSG.
[SET MSG]
Data Input Mode
123: Numeric
ABC:Alphabet
Use the [SFT/ +/-] key
to switch modes.
123
0/(151-161)*
Number of
characters used
*: Up to 161 characters can be entered, but recipients receive
the following number of characters.
NORMAL message with BROAD-CAST
: 156 characters
NORMAL message with ADDRESS-CAST : 151 characters
SAFETY message with BROAD-CAST
: 161 characters
SAFETY message with ADDRESS-CAST : 156 characters
SET MSG screen
13. Key in your message, using alphanumeric characters. Use the [SFT/ +/-]
key to switch between numeric and alphabet input. If you enter a wrong
character, use the [CLR/ALM] key to erase it.
14. Press the [ENT] key to save the message and return to the CREATE MSG
sub-menu.
15. Press the [3] key (SEND MSG) to send your message.
The screen displays “NOW SENDING” during transmission and “SEND
COMPLETED!” when transmission has been completed. (MMSI no. is shown
along with “SEND COMPLETED” if the message was transmitted to a specific
ship.) If the message could not be sent, “SEND FAILED” appears. And if you
did not receive acknowledgement of a message, despite successful
transmission, “UNSUCCESSFUL” appears.
19
1 OPERATION
1.10.2
Receiving messages
When a message is received the window below appears on the display. To
view the contents of the message do the following:
MESSAGE !
ESC :
[ENT]
Message received
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [ENT] key to erase the “message received” window.
Press the [MENU] key to show the main menu.
Press the [4] key to choose SET MSG.
Press the [3] key to choose RCVD MSG(S).
Date and time message received
[RCVD MSG(S)]
10/APR 05:09 NEW!
FROM: 431099806
S
27/MAR 22:00
FROM: 431099806
01/JAN 09:54
FROM: 431099806
Unread message
Sender of message
(10 digits)
Safety-related
message
Sample received message
5. Press the [NEXT] key to choose message marked with “NEW” and press
the [ENT] key to view the contents of the message.
20
1
1.10.3
OPERATION
Message logs
The FA-100 automatically saves five each of transmitted and received
messages to their respective message logs. When a log becomes full, the
oldest message in the log is automatically deleted to make room for the latest.
To display a message log, do the following:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [4] key to choose SET MSG.
3. Press the [2] key to display the XMIT message log, or the [3] key to display
the RCVD message log.
MMSI
delivered
to
Date, time message transmitted
Date, time message received
[XMIT MSG(S)]
31/NOV 13:25 NEW! *
TO: 431099111
26/OCT 03:43 NEW! *
TO: 431099111
19/SEP 18:00
TO: 431099111
[RCVD MSG(S)]
10/APR 05:09 NEW! *
FROM: 431099806
27/MAR 22:00
FROM: 431099806
01/JAN 09:54
FROM: 431099806
Sender's MMSI
* = NEW: Unread message
XMIT MSG log
RCVD MSG log
XMIT and RCVD message logs
4. To view a message, choose it with the [▼] or [▲] key and then press the
[ENT] key.
5. Press the [MENU] key several times to close the log and return to the main
menu.
21
1 OPERATION
1.11
Regional Operating Channels
AIS operates primarily on two dedicated VHF channels, CH 2087 and CH2088.
Where these channels are not available regionally, the AIS is capable of being
automatically switching to designated alternate channels by means of a
message from a shore facility. Where no shore based AIS or GMDSS sea area
A1 station is in place, the AIS should be switched manually as in paragraph
1.11.2.
A regional operating area is set with the procedure below. The most recent
eight areas are memorized.
•
•
•
•
Automatic setting of VHF DSC (channel 70) from shore-based AIS
Automatic setting by AIS message from shore-based AIS
Setting by shipboard system such as ECDIS
Manual setting
The default area is as follows:
•
•
•
•
1.11.1
Tx power: 12.5 W
Channel no. 2087, 2088
Frequency bandwidth: 25 kHz
Tx/Rx mode: Tx/Rx
Viewing channels, Tx power
Do the following to view current channels.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [6] key to open the SYSTEM SETTINGS sub-menu.
3. Press the [2] key to choose SET CHANNEL.
[SET CHANNEL]
1 VIEW CHANNEL
2 CHANNEL EDIT
SET CHANNEL menu
22
1 OPERATION
4. Press the [1] key to show the VIEW CHANNEL display.
Power
[VIEW CHANNEL]
POWER : 12.5W
Channel
CHANNEL NO.
CH-A: 2087
CH-B: 2088
VIEW CHANNEL display
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the display.
1.11.2
Displaying, editing regional operating area status
You may display the status of regional operating areas currently memorized in
the equipment. Nine of any combination of AIS message from shore-based AIS,
DSC message, manual settings and commands from ECDIS or a PC may be
registered and one will be a default value.
About registering areas
• AIS and DSC messages registered within last two hours cannot be edited.
• An item labeled DEFAULT cannot be registered. (“DEFAULT” are data used
for international waters not controlled by shore-based AIS.)
• If two areas overlap one another the oldest data is deleted.
• Data older than five weeks is deleted.
• Area data is deleted when it is more than 500 miles from the area for which it
was registered.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
Press the [6] key to open the SYSTEM SETTINGS sub-menu.
Press the [2] key to choose SET CHANNEL.
Press the [2] key to open the CHANNEL EDIT sub-menu.
[CHANNEL EDIT]
SELECT NO. 1
TIME:
- -/- - - - -: - FROM
MMSI: DEFAULT
TYPE: DEFAULT
EDIT : [ENT]
CHANNEL EDIT sub-menu, page 1
SELECT NO.: File number, 1-9. In order of distance from own ship,
from closest to furthest.
TIME:
Data and time equipment controlled by external source.
MMSI:
MMSI displayed for control by DSC or shore-based AIS.
Dashes or “EMPTY” (no data) otherwise.
23
1
OPERATION
TYPE:
How channel is controlled:
AIS, AIS message; PI, ECDIS or PC; DSC, DSC, MANUAL,
manual control
Note: MMSI and TYPE must be set to other DEFAULT to edit.
5. Use the [▲] or [▼] key to choose file number from SELECT NO.
6. Press the [ENT] key to show details.
[CHANNEL EDIT]
FROM MMSI:_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
+POWER : 12.5W
CH NO.CH-A: 2087
CH-B: 2088
MODE CH-A: TX/RX + CH-B: TX/RX
ZONE: 5nm
Note: If CH No. is 1013 and/or 1067,
the POWER is 1W only.
CHANNEL EDIT sub-menu, page 2
7. POWER is selected; press the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose power: 12.5 W, 2 W
or 1 W.
8. Press the [NEXT] key to choose CH NO.
9. Key in channel number for channel A and B with the numeric keys.
10. Press the [NEXT] key to choose MODE.
11. Press the [SFT/ +/-] key to assign mode for channel A and B. Each time the
key is pressed the selection changes in the sequence of TX/RX, TX/RX;
TX/RX, RX; RX, TX/RX; RX, RX; RX, UNUSED; UNUSED, RX.
12. Press the [NEXT] key to choose ZONE. In this zone, the #1 channel in
selected area and the #1 channel in the adjacent zone are used for
communications.
13. Key in the zone distance. The setting range is 0 to 8 (nm), and the default
setting is 5 nm.
14. Press the [NEXT] key to go to the next page.
[CHANNEL EDIT]
CH-AREA
RIGHT-TOP
LAT: 00°00.0'N
LON: 000°00.0'E
LEFT-BOTTOM
LAT: 00°00.0'N
LON: 000°00.0'E
++++-
CHANNEL EDIT sub-menu, page 3
15. Key in the latitude and longitude for the right-top position (northeast point)
of the AIS operating area. Use the [SFT/ +/-] key to switch coordinate, if
necessary.
16. Press the [NEXT] key to choose LEFT-BOTTOM.
17. Key in the latitude and longitude for the left-bottom position (southwest
position) of the AIS operating area. Use the [SFT/ +/-] key to switch
coordinate, if necessary.
Note: The available range is 20-200 nm. If the area contains overlapping
data the older data will be erased.
24
1
OPERATION
20-200 nm
20-200 nm
RIGHT-TOP
ZONE
1-8 nm
LEFT-BOTTOM
Description of RIGHT-TOP, LEFT-BOTTOM, ZONE
Note: To check or edit settings on previous page, press the [NEXT] key
while pressing the [SFT +/-] key.
18. Press the [ENT] key.
19. YES is selected; press the [ENT] key to register settings. (If the password
entry screen is displayed, MMSI is set to DEFAULT. This cannot be
changed.)
20. Press the [MENU] key several times to close the menu.
Note: If you enter invalid data an appropriate error message appears. Press
the [ENT] key and then reenter data.
1.12
Enabling/Disabling the Buzzer
The buzzer that sounds against CPA or TCPA violation, message reception and
system trouble may be enabled or disabled as below. Note that this buzzer is
not related to a radar or ECDIS alarm.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [6] key to open the SYSTEM SETTINGS menu.
3. Press the [5] key to choose SET BUZZER.
[SET BUZZER]
ALARM
: ON
CPA/TCPA : ON
MSG ALM : ON
+++-
SET BUZZER menu
4. ALARM is selected; press the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose ON or OFF as
appropriate. This alarm is given to system trouble.
5. Press the [NEXT] key to choose CPA/TCPA or MSG ALM, and then press
the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose ON or OFF as appropriate.
6. Press the [ENT] key to register settings.
7. Press the [MENU] key several times to close the menu.
25
1 OPERATION
1.13
Long Range Mode
The long range mode sets how to reply to a request for own ship data from a
distant station, for example, Inmarsat C station. You may reply automatically or
manually.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [6] key to open the SYSTEM SETTINGS menu.
3. Press the [3] key to choose SET LR MODE.
[SET LR MODE]
LR MODE : AUTO
+-
SET LR MODE menu
4. Press the [SFT/ +/-] key to choose AUTO or MANUAL as appropriate.
AUTO for automatic replay, MANUAL for manual reply.
5. Press the [ENT] key to register setting.
6. Press the [MENU] key several times to close the menu.
Manual reply
For manual reply, the message below appears when a request for own ship
data arrives from a distant station. Press the [ENT] key to send the data, or
choose NO and press the [ENT] key to send no data.
[RECEIVE LR]
RESPONSE?
YES
NO +/-
Automatic reply
For automatic reply, the message below appears when a request for own ship
data arrives from a distant station and its data is automatically transmitted.
Press the [ENT] key to erase the message.
[RECEIVE LR]
LR RECEIVED
ESC : [ENT]+/-
26
2
MAINTENANCE,
TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Do not open the equipment.
Only qualified personnel
should work inside the
equipment.
2.1
Maintenance
Regular maintenance is necessary to maintain performance. A monthly
maintenance program should be established and should at least include the
items in the table below.
Maintenance items
Item
Check point
Connectors
Check that all connectors on the rear panel of the transponder
unit are firmly connected.
Cabling
Check cabling for damage. Replace if damaged.
Ground terminal
Check the ground terminal for rust. Clean if necessary.
Ground wire
Confirm that the ground wire is firmly fastened.
Transponder unit
cleaning
Dirt and dust should be removed from the transponder unit
with a soft, dry cloth. Wipe the LCD carefully to prevent
scratching, using tissue paper and an LCD cleaner. To remove
dirt or salt deposits, use an LCD cleaner, wiping slowly with
tissue paper so as to dissolve the dirt or salt. Change paper
frequently so the salt or dirt will not scratch the LCD. Do not
use solvents such as thinner, acetone or benzene for cleaning;
they can remove paint and marks and deform the equipment.
27
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.2
Resetting the Breaker
The BREAKER button on the rear panel pops out when internal fault or
overcurrent is detected. Find the cause before pushing in the breaker to restore
normal operation.
Breaker
GPS ANT
VHF ANT
AUX-1
AUX-2
LAN
AD-10 IN
to JUNCTION BOX
EXTRA I/O
Power
Earth
Terminal
FA-100 Transponder unit, rear view
2.3
Replacement of Battery
The lithium battery on the MPB Board (24P0015) stores data while the power is
turned off, and its life is about five years. When the voltage of the battery goes
below a certain level, the message BACKUP ERROR appears when turning on
the power. When this occurs, contact a FURUNO agent or dealer to request
replacement of the battery, at your earliest convenience.
The battery stores own ship’s static data and setting data, except MMSI no.,
IMO no., ship name, call sign, internal GPS antenna position, external GPS
antenna position, type of ship, baud rate of each interface port, L/R mode,
status of L/R port, AD-10 setting, and LAN port setting (These are stored in the
non-volatile memory). After the battery has been replaced, reenter necessary
data.
Battery Type
CR2/3-8LF1ST1SN
28
Code No.
000-145-543
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.4
Troubleshooting
The troubleshooting table below provides common symptoms of trouble and
the means to rectify them. If you cannot restore normal operation, do not
attempt to check inside the equipment. Refer any repair work to a qualified
technician.
Troubleshooting
Symptom
Remedy
Cannot turn on the power.
• Check that the power connector is firmly fastened.
• Check if the breaker (red button) on the rear panel
of the transponder unit has popped out. Find out
the cause before pushing in the breaker to restore
normal operation.
• Check the power supply.
Power
Transmitting, receiving messages
Cannot transmit or
receive.
• Check that the VHF antenna cable is firmly
fastened.
• Check the VHF antenna.
• For TX message, try different TX channel
(operating sequence: [MENU], [4], [1], [1]).
Can transmit but message
is sent to wrong party.
• On the SET MSG TYPE sub-menu, check that
ADDRESS TYPE is selected to ADDRESS-CAST
and MMSI is correct, before sending a message.
(operating sequence: [MENU], [4], [1], [1])
Position data
No position data
• Check the GPS antenna for damage.
• Check the GPS antenna cable and its connectors.
29
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.5
Diagnostics
The FA-100 provides diagnostic tests to check program no., memory, keyboard,
LCD and built-in GPS receiver.
2.5.1
Displaying program number
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
For service technician.
Not accessible by user.
[DIAGNOSTICS]
1 PROGRAM NO.
2 MEMORY TEST
3 KEY TEST
4 LCD TEST
5 ON/OFF HISTORY
6 GPS TEST
7 FOR SERVICE
DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu
3. Press the [1] key to choose PROGRAM NO.
[PROGRAM NO.]
MAIN: 245-0001-0**
SUB : 245-0002-0**
H8S1: 245-0003-0**
H8S2: 245-0004-0**
H8S3: 245-0005-0**
** = Program version no.
PROGRAM NO. display
4. Press the [MENU] key to return to the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
30
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.5.2
Memory test
The memory can be checked for proper operation as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
3. Press the [2] key to choose MEMORY TEST to test the memory. The
results are shown as OK or NG (No Good). For any NG, contact your dealer
for advice.
[MEMORY TEST]
ROM
MAIN
: OK
SUB
: OK
H8S1
: OK
H8S2
: OK
H8S3
: OK
RAM
OK
OK
OK
OK
OK
MEMORY TEST display
4. Press the [MENU] key to return to the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
2.5.3
Keyboard test
The keyboard can be checked for proper operation as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
3. Press the [3] key to choose KEY TEST.
[KEY TEST]
1
2
4
5
7
8
NXT
0
CLR
SFT
3
6
9
MEN
ENT
ESC : [MENU]x3
KEY TEST display
4. Press each key (except the [POWER] key) one by one. A key’s on-screen
location fills in black while the key is pressed, if the key is functioning
properly.
5. To escape from the keyboard test, press the [MENU] key three times.
31
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.5.4
LCD test
The LCD can be checked for proper display as follows:
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
3. Press the [4] key to choose LCD TEST. The screen color automatically
changes from yellowish-green to black alternately if the LCD is normal.
[LCD TEST]
[LCD TEST]
Yellowish-green
Black
LCD TEST display
4. Press the [MENU] key to return to the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
2.5.5
On/off history
The ON/OFF HISTORY log shows the date and time of the latest 30 power-ons
and power-offs. In special cases, on and off times of 0 W transmission may
also be shown. However, if the interval between power-on and power-off is
within 15 minutes it is not shown.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
3. Press the [5] key to choose ON/OFF HISTORY.
[ON/OFF HISTORY]
PWR-ON
17/MAY/2002
05:35:54
PWR-OFF 17/MAY/2002
04:56:57
PWR-ON
17/MAY/2002
04:06:34
Power turned on 17 May 2002
at 05:35:54
ON/OFF HISTORY log
4. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to scroll the log.
5. Press the [MENU] key to return to the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
32
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.5.6
GPS test
The GPS test checks the built-in GPS receiver for proper operation.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [7] key to open the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
3. Press the [6] key to choose GPS TEST.
[GPS TEST]
START OF TEST
PUSH [ENT]
GPS TEST display
4. Press the [ENT] key to start the test. “NOW TESTING…” is displayed during
the testing and the results are displayed as shown in the illustration below.
SELF TEST1 shows OK for normal operation; NG (No Good) for abnormal
operation. SELF TEST shows “0” for normal operation; other numeric for
abnormal operation.
[GPS TEST]
PROGRAM No. : 4850218
PROGRAM Ver. : 0**
SELF TEST1
: OK
SELF TEST2
:0
ERROR CONTENTS
** = Program Version No.
GPS test results
5. Press the [MENU] key to return to the DIAGNOSTICS sub-menu.
33
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.6
Alarm Status
The alarm status log shows the date and time alarms were violated.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the main menu.
2. Press the [3] key to choose OWN DATA.
3. Press the [3] key to choose ALARM STATUS.
Alarm name,
date and time
of alarm
[ALARM STATUS]
EPFS 7/MAR
L/L
7/MAR
SOG
7/MAR
COG
6/MAR
HDG
3/MAR
ROT
19/FEB
4:32:16
4:02:01
2:34:54
7:09:32
8:00:21
9:05:22
ALARM STATUS display
4. Use the [▼] or [▲] key to scroll the log.
5. Press the [MENU] key to close the log.
Alarm statuses and their meanings
34
Alarm Status
Indication
TX
Alarm
Message
Tx malfunction
Meaning
TX malfunction
ANT
Antenna VSWR
exceed limit
Antenna VSWR trouble. Continued
operation possible.
CH1
Rx channel 1
malfunction
TDMA RX1 Board trouble. TX stopped
on corresponding TX channel.
CH2
Rx channel 2
malfunction
TDMA RX2 Board trouble. TX stopped
on corresponding TX channel.
CH70
Rx channel 70
malfunction
DSC RX Board trouble, transmission
stopped on CH70.
EPFS
External EPFS lost
No data from external navigator.
Continued operation possible.
L/L
No sensor
positioning in use
No L/L data
SOG
No valid SOG
information
Invalid SOG data
COG
No valid COG
information
Invalid COG data
HDG
Heading lost/invalid Invalid/nonexistent HDG data
ROT
No valid ROT
information
Invalid ROT data
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.7
Error Messages
The FA-100 displays the following error messages to alert you to invalid data,
etc..
Error messages
Message
Meaning
BATTERY ERROR!
Voltage of backup battery is getting low.
BACKUP ERROR
ROM contents erased because voltage of backup
battery is too low.
ENTER MMSI
Your MMSI was not found when turning on the power.
NO SEL. RENEW AGAIN
No data found for target selected (target data,
dangerous ship).
CAN’T DISPLAY OVER LAT85°
Own ship’s latitude is higher than 85°.
CAN’T DISPLAY INVALID DATA
Invalid own ship position.
NO MMSI
MMSI not entered when SEND MSG is set for
ADDRESS-CAST.
SYNCHRONISM CAN’T TAKEN
Slot synchronization not yet performed when you
attempted to send a message.
NO MESSAGE!
No TX message when you attempted to send a
message.
SEND FAILED!
Transmission failed.
UNSUCCESSFUL!
Message sent did not reach specified station. (Not
receiving ACK.)
NO MESSAGE
No TX or RX message.
OUT OF RANGE!: DRAUGHT:0-25.5 Invalid draught entered in SET SHIP DATA.
OUT OF RANGE!: YEAR
Invalid year entered in SET DESTINATION.
OUT OF RANGE!: MONTH:1-12
Invalid month entered in SET DESTINATION.
OUT OF RANGE!: DAY
Invalid day entered in SET DESTINATION.
OUT OF RANGE!: HOUR:0-23
Invalid hour entered in SET DESTINATION.
OUT OF RANGE!: MINUTE:0-59
OUT OF RANGE!: CREW:0-8191
Invalid minute entered in SET DESTINATION.
Invalid crew no. entered in SET CREW&TYPE.
OUT OF RANGE!: CPA:0-6.00
Invalid CPA range entered.
OUT OF RANGE!: TCPA:1-60
Invalid TCPA entered.
OUT OF RANGE!: CH-A:IT
DOESN’T EXIST
Invalid CH-NO. A entered on the CHANNEL EDIT
sub-menu.
OUT OF RANGE!: CH-A:IT
DOESN’T EXIST
Invalid CH-NO. A entered on the CHANNEL EDIT
sub-menu.
OUT OF RANGE!: ZONE:1-8
Invalid ZONE entered on the CHANNEL EDIT
sub-menu.
ERROR REGIST
Duplicate data in overlapping sea areas.
OUT OF RANGE!: ROT CYCLE:1-10 Invalid ROT entered in SET I/O menu.
35
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
Note: Detection of RX Malfunction
1) Detection of TDMA RX malfunction
Frequency error
PLL chip on receiver board generates lock or unlock signal for synthesizer.
MPU watches and sets status flag which reflects data of ALR sentence.
ID 003 for RX1, ID 004 for RX2
2) Detection of DSC RX malfunction
General error
DSC Error (ID: 005) will happen in case of DSC MPU could not receive
format specifier of the data from DSC amplifier unless RSSI exists more
than four seconds.
2.8
GPS Monitor
The GPS monitor display shows information about the built-in GPS receiver,
including position, speed over ground, course over ground, date, time, mode
and status.
1. Press the [MENU] key to open the menu.
2. Press the [3] key to choose OWN DATA.
3. Press the [5] key to choose INTERNAL GPS.
Latitude position
Longitude position
Speed over ground
Course over ground
Date
Time
Mode
A: GPS
D: Differential
N: No Fix
[INTERNAL GPS]
LAT : 34°44.4639’N
LON : 135°21.2395’E
SOG : 10.9 kt
COG : 98.9 deg
UTC : 6/MAR/2002
6:29:02
MODE: A STS: 3D
3D:
D2D:
D3D:
DOP:
3D GPS position fix
2D DGPS position fix
3D DGPS position fix
HDOP larger than 4 in 2D fix,
or PDOP larger than 6 in 3D fix
NO FIX: No position fix
Internal GPS monitor
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the display.
36
STS (Status)
2D: 2D GPS position fix
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.9
Displaying Sensor Status
The SENSOR STATUS display monitors sensor status.
1. Press the [MENU] key.
2. Press the [3] key to choose OWN DATA.
3. Press the [4] key to choose SENSOR STATUS.
[SENSOR STATUS]
UTC CLOCK LOST
Sensor status display
4. Press the [MENU] key to close the menu.
37
2 MAINTENANCE, TROUBLESHOOTING
2.10
Restoring Default Settings
You may clear all settings to start afresh with default settings. When this is
done, the default options for all items in the INIT SETTING and SYSTEM
SETTINGS sub-menus are restored. GPS data is also cleared; however, MMSI
and IMO numbers are not cleared.
1. Turn on the power while pressing and holding down the [CLR/ALM] key.
Hold down the [CLR/ALM] key until the “SHUT DOWN” screen below
appears.
SHUT DOWN
18/MAR/2002
12:12:11
Shut down screen
2. The equipment then starts restoring default settings, showing “COMPLETE”
when finished.
NOW STARTING . . .
CHECKING MENORY
COMPLETE
Screen after memory has been cleared
3. Press the [CLR/ALM] key. The plotter display appears.
4. Set items in INIT SETTINGS and SYSTEM SETTINGS, referring to Chapter
1.
38
APPENDIX
Menu Tree
Default settings in bold italics.
[MENU] key
1 TARGET DATA
2 PLOTTER
3 OWN DATA
1 OWN STATIC DATA
OWN STATIC DATA 1 (Name, call sign, MMSI, IMO no.)
OWN STATIC DATA 2 (Destination, estimated date and time of arrival)
OWN STATIC DATA 3 (DTE, nav status)
OWN STATIC DATA 4 (CPA, TCPA, GPS antenna position)
OWN STATIC DATA 5 (Crew, type, class)
2 OWN DYNAMIC DATA (Own ship latitude, longitude, SOG, COG, ROT, HDG)
3 ALARM STATUS (Displays alarm log.)
4 SENSOR STATUS
5 INTERNAL GPS (Shows position, SOG, COG, time, date, mode, reveiver status.)
4 SET MSG
1 CREATE MSG
1 SET MSG TYPE
ADDRESS TYPE (ADDRESS-CAST, BROADCAST)
MMSI
MSG TYPE (NORMAL, SAFETY)
CHANNEL (CH-A, CH-B, BOTH, A OR B)
2 SET MSG
3 SEND MSG
2 XMIT MSG(S)
3 RCVD MSG(S)
5 INIT SETTINGS
1 SET SHIP DATA (DRAUGHT, DTE)
2 SET DESTINATION (DATE, TIME, DESTINATION)
3 SET NAV STATUS
4 SET TYPE&CREW
CREW (0-8191, 0)
TYPE CLASS (A)
TYPE NO. (Set ship type. See page 8.)
5 SET CPA/TCPA
CPA (0-6.00 nm)
TCPA (1-60 min)
ACTV (ENBL, DSBL)
6 SET ANTENNA POS
1 INTERNAL ANT POS
A (0-511 m, 0)
B (0-511 m, 0)
C (0-63 m, 0)
D (0-63 m, 0)
2 EXTERNAL ANT POS (Same items as 1 INTERNAL ANT POS.)
(Continued on next page.)
AP-1
APPENDIX
A
6 SYSTEM SETTINGS
1 SET I/O PORT
1 I/O SPEED (PCI/O, SNSR1, SNSR2, SNSR3, L/R, BCON,
EXTRA1 I/O, XTRA I/O. Setting: 38.4k, 4800)
2 I/O FUNCTION (EXT DISP, LR)
3 I/O PRIORITY
1 L/L, COG, SOG (SN1, 1; SN2, 2: SN3, 3; EX1, 4; LR, 5; PC, 6, LAN, 7)
2 HDG (Same as 1 above)
3 ROT (Same as 1 above)
4 AIS
RESPONSE (PC, LAN, NONE, EX1, LR)
EX1 (ENBL, DSBL)
LR (ENBL, DSBL)
PC (ENBL, DSBL)
LAN (ENBL, DSBL)
4 SET LAN (IP ADRS) (IP ADDRESS 000-000-000-000, SUB)
NET MASK 000-000-000-000, PORT No. 10000)
2 SET CHANNEL
1 VIEW CHANNEL
POWER (0, 1, 2, 12.5 W)
CHANNEL NO. (CH-A, 2087, CH-B, 2088)
2 CHANNEL EDIT
SELECT (1-9)
TIME
MMSI
TYPE
POWER (12.5W, 2 W, 1W)
CH-NO. CH-A (0000)
CH-B (0000)
MODE CH-A (TX/RX, RX UNUSED)
CH-B (TX/RX, RX UNUSED)
ZONE: 0 nm (1-8)
CH AREA RIGHT-TOP ( LAT, LON)
LEFT-BOTTOM (LAT, LON)
3 SET L/R MODE (AUTO, MANUAL)
4 SET OTHER I/O
AD-10 (ENBL, DSBL)
ROT (1-10 s, 1.)
5 SET BUZZER
ALARM (ON, OFF)
CPA/TCPA (ON, OFF)
MSG ALM (ON, OFF)
7 DIAGNOSTICS
1 PROGRAM NO.
2 MEMORY TEST
3 KEY TEST
4 LCD TEST
5 ON/OFF HISTORY
6 GPS TEST
7 FOR SERVICE
AP-2
APPENDIX
Parts List
This equipment contains complex modules in which fault diagnosis and repair down to
component level are not practical (IMO A.694(17)/8.3.1. Only some discrete components
are used. FURUNO Electric Co., Ltd. believes identifying these components is of no value
for shipboard maintenance; therefore, they are not listed in the manual. Major modules
can be located on the parts location photo on page AP-4.
FURUNO
Model
Unit
FA-100
TRANSPONDER UNIT
ELECTRICAL PARTS LIST
2002-June
SYMBOL TYPE
BK1
Blk.No.
CODE No.
REMARKS
SHIPPABLE
ASSEMBLY
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
24P0026, LKY2
24P0025, OCN2
24P0024, MOT2
24P0015, MPB
005-950-780
005-950-790
005-950-800
005-950-880
ASSEMBLY
RX1
RX2
EXCT
DSC
PA
PWX
005-952-240
005-952-250
005-952-260
005-952-270
005-952-280
005-952-290
FRONT PANEL ASSEMBLY
FA-100
005-952-310
X
FILTER ASSEMBLY
FA-100
005-952-230
X
BREAKER
TBC5101-01-1211
000-119-400
GPS ASSEMBLY
GN-7N5A-N
005-952-860
X
X
X
X
24P0010A
24P0010B
24P0012
24P0013
24P0014
24P0016
X
X
X
X
X
X
AP-3
APPENDIX
Parts Location
PWX Assy.
MPB Board
(see photo
below)
MOT2
Board
(behind)
RX1 Assy.
PA
Assy.
RX2 Assy.
EXCT
Assy.
DSC Assy.
Transponder unit, front view, front panel removed
MPB
Board
24P0015
Transponder unit, right side view, cover removed
AP-4
APPENDIX
GPS Receiver
GN-79N5A-N
Transponder unit, top view, cover removed
LKYZ
Board
24P0026
Front panel of transponder unit
AP-5
APPENDIX
Filter Assy.
FA-100, front view
GPS ANT
VHF ANT
AUX-1
AUX-2
LAN
AD-10 IN
to JUNCTION BOX
EXTRA I/O
FA-100, rear view
AP-6
OCN Board
(behind plate)
APPENDIX
Digital Interface
(IEC 61162-1 Edition 2 (2000-07)/ IEC 61162-2(1998-09))
Sentence data
Input sentences
ABM, ACA, ACK, AIR, BBM, DTM, GBS, GGA, GLL, GNS, HDT, LRF, LRI, OSD, RMC,
ROT, SSD, VBW, VSD, VTG
Output sentences
ABK, ACA, ALR, LRF, LR1, LR2, LR3, TXT, VDM, VDO
Transmission interval
ABK: With each event
ACA: At RX
ALR: 30 s during alarm, 2 min normally no alarm
LRF, LR1, LR2, LR3: At RX
TXT: Each update
VDM: At RX
VDO: 1 s
Load requirements as listener
Isolation:
Provided
Input Impedance: 190 ohms (940 ohms without jumper plug)
Max. Voltage:
±14 V to GNDiso
Threshold:
±0.2 V (A-B)
Data transmission
Data is transmitted in serial asynchronous form in accordance with the standard
referenced in 2.1 of IEC 61162-1/2. The first bit is a start bit and is followed by data bits,
least-significant-bit as illustrated below.
The following parameters are used:
Baud rate: 38.4 Kbps /4800 bps
Data bits: 8 (D7 = 0), parity none
Stop bits: 1
D0
Start
bit
D1
D2
D3
D4
Data bits
D5
D6
D7
Stop
bit
AP-7
APPENDIX
Serial interface I/O circuit
1. Input/Output Port SENSOR1, 2, 3, L/R, PC IO (PI), EXTRA1
(Transmission rate is selectable between 4800 bps and 38.4 Kbps.)
Input(
(RD - A, B)
)
lsolated IO device
RD-A
240 ohm
LTC1535
RD-B
470 ohm x2
GND isolated
Logical High: A-B>+0.2V
logical Low: A-B<-0.2V
240 ohms can be neglected by jumper plug.
Output (TD - A, B)
lsolated IO device
io
TD-A
LTC1535
TD-B
470ohm x2
GND isolated
Logical High: A-B>+4.0V at io=100 mA logical Low: A-B>-4.0V at io=100 mA
io is normally limited less than 100 mA on this device.
This means load resister equal to more than 50 ohms.
2. Input/Output Port BEACON, EXTRA (maker’s option)
These two ports are simply used Opt-coupler to isolate I/F only on RD terminal.
TD is not isolated and needed isolation by receiver’s responsibility.
RS422A device
220 ohm
RD-A
SN75C1168
RD-B
Input current is about 17 mA in case of A-B=+5V.
logical high: A-B< about +2V logical Low: A-B> about +2V
RS422A device
io
TD-A
SN75C1168
TD-B
470 ohm x2
GND not isolated
logical High: A-B>+0.2V
logical Low: A-B<-0.2V
io is normally limited less than 100 mA.
This means that load resister must be more than 50 ohms.
AP-8
APPENDIX
Sentence description
Input
ABM - Addressed binary and safety related message
This sentence provides an external application with a means to exchange data using an
AIS.
!--ABM,x,x,x,xxxxxxxxx,x,x.x,s--s,x*hh<CR><LF>
| | |
|
| |
| | |
| | |
|
| |
| | +--- 9
| | |
|
| |
| +----- 8
| | |
|
| | +-------- 7
| | |
|
| +------------ 6
| | |
|
+--------------- 5
| | |
+--------------------- 4
| | + --------------------------- 3
| +----------------------------- 2
+------------------------------- 1
1. Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
2. Message sentence number, 1 to 9
3. Message sequence identifier, 0 to 3
4. The MMSI of destination AIS unit for the ITU-R M.1371 message 6 or 12
5. AIS channel for broadcast of the radio message
6. VDL message number(6 or 12), see ITU-R M.1371
7. Encapsulated data
8. Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5
9. Checksum
AP-9
APPENDIX
ACA - AIS regional channel assignment message
This sentence is used to both enter and obtain channel management information.
$--ACA,x,IIII.I, a,yyyyy.y,a,IIII.I,a,yyyyy.y,a,x,xxxx,x,xxxx,x,x,x,a,x,hhmmss*hh<CR><LF>
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1. Sequence number, 0 to 9
2. Region Northeast corner latitude - N/S
3. Region Northeast corner longitude - E/W
4. Region Southwest corner latitude - N/S
5. Region Southwest corner longitude - E/W
6. Transition Zone Size
7. Channel A
8. Channel A bandwidth
9. Channel B
10. Channel B bandwidth
11. Tx/Rx mode control
12. Power level control
13. Information source
14. In-use flag
15. Time of in-used change
ACK- Acknowledge alarm
$--ACK,xxx*hh<CR><LF>
| +--------------------- 2
+------------------------ 1
1. Local alarm number(identifier)
2. Checksum
AP-10
APPENDIX
AIR - AIS interrogation request
This sentence provides an external application with the means to initiate a request for
specific ITU-R M.1371 message from distant mobile or base AIS stations.
$--AIR,xxxxxxxxx,x.x,x,x.x,x,xxxxxxxxx,x.x,x*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | | |
|
| | |
|
| | | |
|
| | +--- 9
|
| | | |
|
| +----- 8
|
| | | |
|
+-------- 7
|
| | | |
+--------------- 6
|
| | | +--------------------- 5
|
| | +------------------------ 4
|
| +--------------------------- 3
|
+------------------------------ 2
+------------------------------------- 1
1. MMSI of interrogated station 1
2. ITU-R M.1371 message requested from station 1
3. Message sub-section
4. Number of second message requested from station 1
5. Message sub-section
6. MMSI of interrogated station 2
7. Number of message requested from station 2
8. Message data sub-section
9. Checksum
BBM - UAIS broadcast binary message
This sentence provides an external application with a means to broadcast data, as defined
by the application only – not the AIS.
!--BBM,x,x,x,x,x.x,s--s,x*hh<CR><LF>
|| | | |
| | |
|| | | |
| | +--- 8
|| | | |
| +------ 7
| | | | | +--------- 6
| | | | +------------- 5
| | | +---------------- 4
| | +------------------ 3
| +-------------------- 2
+---------------------- 1
1. Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
2. Message sentence number, 1 to 9
3. Sequential Message identifier, 0 to 9
4. AIS channel for broadcast of the radio message
5. VDL message number(8 or 14), see ITU-R M.1371
6. Binary data
7. Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5
8. Checksum
AP-11
APPENDIX
DTM - Datum reference
Local geodetic datum to which a position location is referenced.
$--DTM,ccc,a,x.x,a,x.x,a,x.x,ccc*hh<CR><LF>
| | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | +--- 7
| | | | | | | +------ 6
| | | | | | +---------- 5
| | | | +---+------------- 4
| | +---+------------------- 3
| +------------------------- 2
+---------------------------- 1
1. Local datum W84 - WGS84
W72 - WGS72
S85 - SGS85
P90 - PE90
999 - User defined
IHO datum code
2. Local datum subdivision code
3. Lat offset, min, N/S
4. Lon offset, min, E/W
5. Altitude offset, m (Not used.)
6. Reference dattum W84 - WGS84
W72 - WGS72
S85 - SGS85
P90 - PE90
7. Checksum
AP-12
APPENDIX
GBS - GNSS satellite fault detection
This message is used to support receiver autonomous integrity monitoring (RAIM). Given
that a GPS receiver is tracking enough satellites to perform integrity checks of the
positioning quality of the position solution, a message is needed to report the output of this
process to other systems to advise the system user. With the RAIM in the GPS receiver,
the receiver can isolate faults to individual satellites and not use them in its position and
velocity calculations. Also, the GPS receiver can still track the satellite and easily judge
when it is back within tolerance.
This message shall be used for reporting this RAIM information. To perform these integrity
functions, six channels of satellite tracking are a minimum while all-in-view tracking is
most desirable.
$--GBS,hhmmss.ss,x.x,x.x,x.x,xx,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | | | | | | |
|
| | | | | | | +--------- 9
|
| | | | | | +------------ 8
|
| | | | | +---------------- 7
|
| | | | +-------------------- 6
|
| | | +----------------------- 5
|
| | +--------------------------- 4
|
| +------------------------------- 3
|
+----------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC time of the GGA or GNS fix associated with this sentence
2. Expected error in latitude
3. Expected error in longitude
4. Expected error in altitude
5. ID number of most likely failed satellite
6. Probability of missed detection for most likely failed satellite
7. Estimate of bias on most likely failed satellite
8. Standard deviation of bias estimate
9. Checksum
AP-13
APPENDIX
GGA - Global positioning system (GPS) fix data
Time, position and fix related data for a GPS receiver.
$--GGA,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x,xx,x.x,x.x,M,x.x,M,x.x,xxxx*hh<CR><LF>
|
| |
| | | | | | | | | |
| |
|
| |
| | | | | | | | | |
| +-- 11
|
| |
| | | | | | | | | | +---- 10
|
| |
| | | | | | | | | +--------- 9
|
| |
| | | | | | | +---+------------ 8
|
| |
| | | | | +---+------------------ 7
|
| |
| | | | +------------------------- 6
|
| |
| | | +---------------------------- 5
|
| |
| | +------------------------------- 4
|
| |
+----+--------------------------------- 3
|
+---+--------------------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC of position
2. Latitude, N/S
3. Longitude, E/W
4. GPS quality indicator
5. Number of satllite in use,00-12, may be different from the number in view (Not used.)
6. Horizontal dilution of precision (Not used.)
7. Antenna altitude above/below mean sealevel, m (Not used.)
8. Geoidal separation, m (Not used.)
9. Age of differential GPS data (Not used.)
10. Differential reference station ID, 0000-1023 (Not used.)
11. Checksum
AP-14
APPENDIX
GLL - Geographic position - latitude/longitude
Latitude and longitude of present vessel position, time of position fix and status.
$--GLL,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,hhmmss.ss,A,a*hh<CR><LF>
| |
|
|
|
| | |
| |
|
|
|
| | +------- 6
| |
|
|
|
| +--------- 5
| |
|
|
|
+----------- 4
| |
|
|
+---------------- 3
| |
+------+----------------------- 2
+--+----------------------------------- 1
1. Latitude, N/S
2. Longitude, E/W
3. UTC of position
4. Status: A=data valid, V=data invalid
5. Mode indicator(see note)
6. Checksum
NOTE Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = estimated(dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The Mode indicator field supplements the Status field. The Status field shall be
set to V=invalid for all values of Operating Mode except for A=Autonomous and
D=Differential. The positioning system Mode indicator and Status field shall not
be null fields.
AP-15
APPENDIX
GNS - GNSS fixed data
$--GNS,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,c--c,xx,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>
|
| |
|
| |
| | | | | | |
|
| |
|
| |
| | | | | | +--- 11
|
| |
|
| |
| | | | | +------ 10
|
| |
|
| |
| | | | +---------- 9
|
| |
|
| |
| | | +-------------- 8
|
| |
|
| |
| | +------------------ 7
|
| |
|
| |
| +---------------------- 6
|
| |
|
| |
+------------------------- 5
|
| |
|
| +------------------------------ 4
|
| |
+-------+--------------------------------- 3
|
+--+--------------------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC of position
2. Latitude, N/S
3. Longitude, E/W
4. Mode indicator
5. Total number of satellites in use,00-99 (Not used.)
6. HDOP (Not used.)
7. Antenna altitude, meters, re: mean-sea-level(geoid) (Not used.)
8. Geoidal separation (Not used.)
9. Age of differential data (Not used.)
10. Differential reference station ID (Not used.)
11. Checksum
HDT - Heading - true
Actual vessel heading in degrees true produced by any device or system producing true
bearing.
$--HDT,x.x,T*hh<CR><LF>
| | |
| | +--------- 2
+----+----------- 1
1. Heading, degrees true
2. Checksum
AP-16
APPENDIX
LRF – Long-range function
This sentence is used in both long-range interrogation and long-range interrogation replies.
The LRF-sentence is the second sentence of the long-range range interrogation request
pair, LRI and LRF.
$--LRF,x,xxxxxxxxx,c--c,c--c,c--c*hh<CR><LF>
|
|
|
| |
|
|
|
|
| |
+--6
|
|
| +--- 5
|
|
| +------ 4
|
|
+----------- 3
|
+------------------- 2
+------------------------- 1
1. Sequence number, 0 to 9
2. MMSI of requestor
3. Name of requestor, 1 to 20 characters
4. Function request, 1 to 26 characters
5. Function reply status
6. Checksum
LRI – Long-range interrogation
The LRI-sentence contains the information that the AIS needs in order to determine if the
reply sentences need to be constructed.
$--LRI,x,a,xxxxxxxxx,xxxxxxxxx,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a*hh<CR><LF>
||
|
|
| |
| | | |
| | |
||
|
|
| |
| | | |
| | +--- 9
||
|
|
| |
| | | |
+---+----- 8
||
|
|
| |
| | +--+---------------- 7
||
|
|
| |
+---+-------------------------- 6
||
|
|
+--+------------------------------------- 5
||
|
+--------------------------------------------------- 4
||
+------------------------------------------------------------- 3
| +------------------------------------------------------------------- 2
+--------------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. Sequence number, 0 to 9
2. Control Flag
3. MMSI of requestor
4. MMSI of destination
5. Latitude - N/S(north-east coordinate)
6. Longitude - E/W(north-east coordinate)
7. Latitude - N/S(south-west coordinate)
8. Longitude - E/W(south-west coordinate)
9. Checksum
AP-17
APPENDIX
OSD - Own ship data
Heading. course, speed, set and drift summary. Useful for, but not limited to radar/ARPA
application.
$--OSD,x.x,A,x.x,a,x.x,a,x.x,x.x,a*hh<CR><LF>
| | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | +--------- 10
| | | | | | | | +----------- 9
| | | | | | | +-------------- 8
| | | | | | +------------------ 7
| | | | | +--------------------- 6
| | | | +------------------------ 5
| | | +--------------------------- 4
| | +------------------------------ 3
| +--------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------ 1
1. Heading, degrees true
2. Heading status: A=data valid, V=data invalid
3. Vessel course, degrees true
4. Course reference, B/M/W/R/P(see note)
5. Vessel speed
6. Speed reference, B/M/W/R/P(see note)
7. Vessel set, degrees true---Manually entered (Not used.)
8. Vessel drift(speed) ---Manually entered (Not used.)
9. Speed units, K(km/h) / N(Knots) / S(statute miles/h)
10. Checksum
NOTES - Reference systems(speed/course):
B = bottom tracking log
M = manually entered
W = water referenced
R = radar tracking(of fixed target)
P = positioning system ground reference
AP-18
APPENDIX
RMC - Recommended minimum specific GPS/TRANSIT data
Time, date, position, course and speed data provided by a GPS or TRANSIT navigation
receiver. Checksum is mandatory in this sentence. This sentence is transmitted at
intervals not exceeding 2 s and is always accompanied by RMB when a destination
waypoint is active. RMC and RMB are the recommended minimum data to be provided by
a GPS or TRANSIT receiver. All data fields must be provided, null fields used only when
data is temporarily unavailable.
$--RMC,hhmmss.ss,A,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x.x,x.x,xxxxxx,x.x,a,a*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | |
| | | |
|
| | | |
|
| | |
| | | |
|
| | | +--- 10
|
| | |
| | | |
|
| | +----- 9
|
| | |
| | | |
|
+--+------- 8
|
| | |
| | | |
+--------------- 7
|
| | |
| | | +--------------------- 6
|
| | |
| | +------------------------- 5
|
| | |
+---+---------------------------- 4
|
| +---+---------------------------------------- 3
|
+--------------------------------------------------- 2
+---------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. UTC of position fix
2. Status: A=data valid, V=navigation receiver warning
3. Latitude, N/S
4. Longitude, E/W
5. Speed over ground, knots
6. Course over ground, degrees true
7. Date: dd/mm/yy (Not used.)
8. Magnetic variation, degrees E/W (Not used.)
9. Mode indicator(see note)
10. Checksum
NOTE Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = estimated(dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The Mode indicator field supplements the Status field. The Status field
shall be set to V=invalid for all values of Operating Mode except for
A=Autonomous and D=Differential. The positioning system Mode indicator
and Status field shall not be null fields.
ROT - Rate of turn
Rate of turn and direction of turn.
$--ROT,x.x,A*hh<CR><LF>
| | |
| | +--- 3
| +----- 2
+-------- 1
1. Rate of turn, deg/min, "-"=bow turns to port
2. Status: A=data valid, V=data invalid
3. Checksum
AP-19
APPENDIX
SSD - UAIS ship static data
This sentence is used to enter static parameters into a shipboard AIS. The parameters in
this sentence support a number of ITU-R M.1371 messages.
$--SSD,c--c,c--c,xxx,xxx,xx,xx,c, aa*hh<CR><LF>
|
| |
| | | | | |
|
| |
| | | | | +--9
|
| |
| | | | +--- 8
|
| |
| | | +----- 7
|
| |
| | +------- 6
|
| |
| +---------- 5
|
| |
+-------------- 4
|
| +------------------ 3
|
+---------------------- 2
+--------------------------- 1
1. Ship’s Call Sign, 1 to 7 characters
2. Ship’S Name, 1 to 20 characters
3. Pos. ref. point distance, "A," from bow, 0 to 511 Meters
4. Pos. ref. point distance, "B," from stern, 0 to 511 Meters
5. Pos. ref. point distance, "C," from port beam, 0 to 63 Meters
6. Pos. ref. point distance, "D," from starboard beam, 0 to 63 Meters
7. DTE indicator flag
8. Source identifier
9. Checksum
VBW - Dual ground/water speed
$--VBW,x.x,x.x,A,x.x,x.x,A,x.x,A,x.x,A*hh<CR><LF>
| | | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | | +--- 11
| | | | | | | | | +----- 10
| | | | | | | | +-------- 9
| | | | | | | +----------- 8
| | | | | | +-------------- 7
| | | | | +----------------- 6
| | | | +-------------------- 5
| | | +------------------------ 4
| | +--------------------------- 3
| +------------------------------ 2
+---------------------------------- 1
1. Longitudinal water speed, knots
2. Transverse water speed, knots
3. Status: water speed, A=data valid V=data invalid
4. Longitudinal ground speed, knots
5. Transverse ground speed, knots
6. Status: ground speed, A=data valid V=data invalid
7. Stern transverse water speed, knots
8. Status: stern water speed, A=data valid V=data invalid
9. Stern transverse ground speed, knots
10. Status: stern ground speed, A=data valid V=data invalid
11. Checksum
AP-20
APPENDIX
VSD - UAIS voyage static data
$--VSD,x.x,x.x,x.x,c--c,hhmmss.ss,xx,xx,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>
| | |
|
|
| | | | |
| | |
|
|
| | | | +--- 10
| | |
|
|
| | | +------ 9
| | |
|
|
| | +---------- 8
| | |
|
|
| +------------- 7
| | |
|
|
+---------------- 6
| | |
|
+----------------------- 5
| | | +------------------------------ 4
| | +----------------------------------- 3
| +--------------------------------------- 2
+------------------------------------------- 1
1. Type of ship and cargo category, 0 to 255
2. Maximum present static draught, 0 to 25.5 Meters
3. Persons on-board, 0 to 8191
4. Destination, 1-20 characters
5. Estimated UTC of arrival at destination
6. Estimated day of arrival at destination, 00 to 31(UTC)
7. Estimated month of arrival at destination, 00 to 12(UTC)
8. Navigational status, 0 to 15
9. Regional application flags, 0 to 15
10. Checksum
VTG - Course over ground and ground speed
The actual course and speed relative to the ground.
$--VTG,x.x,T,x.x,M,x.x,N,x.x,K,a*hh<CR><LF>
| | | | | | | | | |
| | | | | | | | | +------- 6
| | | | | | | | +--------- 5
| | | | | | +---+----------- 4
| | | | +--+----------------- 3
| | +--+----------------------- 2
+-+----------------------------- 1
1. Course over ground, degrees true
2. Course over ground, degrees magnetic (Not used.)
3. Speed over ground, knots
4. Speed over ground, km/h
5. Mode indicator(see note)
6. Checksum
NOTE Positioning system Mode indicator:
A = Autonomous
D = Differential
E = estimated(dead reckoning)
M = Manual input
S = Simulator
N = Data not valid
The positioning system Mode indicator field shall not be a null field.
AP-21
APPENDIX
Output
ABK - UAIS addressed and binary broadcast acknowledgement
The ABK-sentence is generated when a transaction, initiated by reception of an ABM, AIR
or BBM sentence, is completed or terminated.
$--ABK,xxxxxxxxx,a,x.x,x,x*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | | | |
|
| | | | +--- 6
|
| | | +----- 5
|
| | +------- 4
|
| +---------- 3
|
+------------- 2
+------------------- 1
1. MMSI of the addressed AIS unit
2. AIS channel of reception
3. Message type
4. Message sequence number
5. Type of acknowledgement
6. Checksum
ACA- See “Input” section.
ALR –Set alarm state
$--ALR,hhmmss.ss,xxx,A,A,c--c*hh<CR><LF>
|
| | | | |
|
| | | | +------------- 6
|
| | | +----------------- 5
|
| | +-------------------- 4
|
| +---------------------- 3
|
+------------------------- 2
+--------------------------------- 1
1. Time of alarm condition change, UTC
2. Local alarm number(identifier)
3. Alarm condition(A=threshold exceeded, V=not exceeded)
4. Alarm’s acknowledge state, A=acknowledged V=unacknowledged
5. Alarm’s description text
6. Checksum
LRF – Long-range function
See input section.
AP-22
APPENDIX
LR1 - Long-range reply with destination for function request “A”
The LRI sentence identifies the destination for the reply and contains the information
requested by the “A” function identification character.
$--LR1,x,xxxxxxxxx,xxxxxxxxx,c--c,c--c,xxxxxxxxx*hh<CR><LF>
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
|
+---- 7
|
|
|
|
|
+---------- 6
|
|
|
| +----------------- 5
|
|
|
+---------------------- 4
|
|
+------------------------------ 3
|
+---------------------------------------- 2
+---------------------------------------------- 1
1. Sequence Number
2. MMSI of responder
3. MMSI of requestor(reply destination)
4. Ship’s name, 1 to 20 characters
5. Call Sign, 1 to 7 characters
6. IMO Number, 9-digit number
7. Checksum
LR2 - Long-range reply for function requests “B, C, E, and F”
The LR2-sentence contains the information requested by the “B, C, E and F” function
identification characters.
$--LR2,x,xxxxxxxxx,xxxxxxxx,hhmmss.ss,llll.ll,a,yyyyy.yy,a,x.x,T,x.x,N*hh<CR><LF>
|
|
|
|
| |
| | | | | | |
|
|
|
|
| |
| | | | | | +--- 9
|
|
|
|
| |
| | | | +---+----- 8
|
|
|
|
| |
| | +--+----------- 7
|
|
|
|
| |
+----+----------------- 6
|
|
|
|
+---+---------------------------- 5
|
|
|
+------------------------------------------ 4
|
|
+-------------------------------------------------- 3
|
+----------------------------------------------------------- 2
+----------------------------------------------------------------- 1
1. Sequence Number
2. MMSI of responder
3. Date: ddmmyyyy
4. UTC of Position
5. Latitude - N/S
6. Longitude - E/W
7. Course over ground, degrees True
8. Speed over ground, Knots
9. Checksum
AP-23
APPENDIX
LR3- - Long-range reply for function requests “I, O, P, U and W”
The LR3-sentence contains the information requested by the “I, O, P, U and W” function
identification characters.
$--LR3,x,xxxxxxxxx,c--c,xxxxxx,hhmmss.ss,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x,x.x*hh<CR><LF>
|
|
|
|
|
| | |
| | | |
|
|
|
|
|
| | |
| | | +---- 12
|
|
|
|
|
| | |
| | +------- 11
|
|
|
|
|
| | |
| +---------- 10
|
|
|
|
|
| | |
+-------------- 9
|
|
|
|
|
| | +------------------ 8
|
|
|
|
|
| +--------------------- 7
|
|
|
|
|
+------------------------- 6
|
|
|
|
+-------------------------------- 5
|
|
|
+---------------------------------------- 4
|
|
+---------------------------------------------- 3
|
+------------------------------------------------------ 2
+------------------------------------------------------------ 1
1. Sequence Number
2. MMSI of responder
3. Voyage destination, 1 to 20 characters
4. ETA Date: ddmmyy
5. ETA Time
6. Draught
7. Ship/cargo(ITU-R M.1371, Table 18)
8. Ship length
9. Ship breadth
10. Ship type(ITUR-R M.1371, Table 18)
11. Persons, 0 to 8191
12. Checksum
TXT - Text transmission
$--TXT,xx,xx,xx,c--c*hh<CR><LF>
| | | | | |
| | | | | +--- 5
| | | +--+----- 4
| | +---------- 3
| +------------- 2
+---------------- 1
1. Total number of message, 01 to 99
2. Message number, 01 to 99
3. Text identifier
4. Text Message
5. Checksum
AP-24
APPENDIX
VDM – VHF data-link message
This sentence is used to transfer the entire contents of a received AIS message packet, as
defined in ITU-R M.1371 and as received on the VHF Data Link (VDL), using the “6-bit”
field type.
!--VDM,x,x,x,a,s--s,x*hh<CR><LF>
| || | | | |
| | | | | | +--- 7
| | | | | +----- 6
| | | | +-------- 5
| | | +------------ 4
| | +-------------- 3
| +---------------- 2
+------------------ 1
1. Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
2. Message sentence number, 1 to 9
3. Sequential message identifier, 0 to 9
4. AIS channel
5. Encapsulated ITU-R M.1371 radio message
6. Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5
7. Checksum
VDO - UAIS VHF data-link own-vessel report
!--VDO,x,x,x,a,s--s,x*hh<CR><LF>
| | || | | |
| | | | | | +--- 7
| | | | | +----- 6
| | | | +-------- 5
| | | +------------ 4
| | +-------------- 3
| +---------------- 2
+------------------ 1
1. Total number of sentences needed to transfer the message, 1 to 9
2. Message sentence number, 1 to 9
3. Sequential message identifier, 0 to 9
4. AIS channel
5. Encapsulated ITU-R M.1371 radio message
6. Number of fill-bits, 0 to 5
7. Checksum
AP-25
AP-26
Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY
1201
156.0625
1260
156.0375
1202
156.1125
1261
156.0875
1203
156.1625
1262
156.1375
1204
156.2125
1263
156.1875
1205
156.2625
1264
156.2375
1206
156.3125
1265
156.2875
1207
156.3625
1266
156.3375
208
156.4125
267
156.3875
209
156.4625
268
156.4375
210
156.5125
269
156.4875
211
156.5625
270
156.5375
212
156.6125
271
156.5875
213
156.6625
272
156.6375
214
156.7125
273
156.6875
215
156.7625
274
156.7375
216
156.8125
275
156.7875
217
156.8625
276
156.8375
1218
156.9125
277
156.8875
1219
156.9625
1278
156.9375
1220
157.0125
1279
156.9875
1221
157.0625
1280
157.0375
1222
157.1125
1281
157.0875
1223
157.1625
1282
157.1375
1224
157.2125
1283
157.1875
1225
157.2625
1284
157.2375
1226
157.3125
1285
157.2875
1227
157.3625
1286
157.3375
1228
157.4125
1287
157.3875
Note: Add 1000 for one-digit, two-digit, and three-digit channel number.
Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY
156.0250
1001
156.0500
1060
156.0750
1002
156.1000
1061
1003
156.1500
156.1250
1062
156.1750
1063
1004
156.2000
1005
156.2500
156.2250
1064
6
156.3000
156.2750
1065
1007
156.3500
156.3250
1066
8
156.4000
156.3750
67
9
156.4500
156.4250
68
10
156.5000
156.4750
69
11
156.5500
156.5250
70
12
156.6000
156.5750
71
13
156.6500
156.6250
72
14
156.7000
156.6750
73
15
156.7500
156.7250
74
16
156.8000
156.7750
75
17
156.8500
156.8250
76
1018
156.9000
156.8750
77
1019
156.9500
156.9250
1078
1020
157.0000
156.9750
1079
1021
157.0500
157.0250
1080
1022
157.1000
157.0750
1081
1023
157.1500
157.1250
1082
1024
157.2000
157.1750
1083
1025
157.2500
157.2250
1084
1026
157.3000
157.2750
1085
1027
157.3500
157.3250
1086
1028
157.4000
157.3750
1087
157.4250
1088
160.9500
161.5000
161.5500
161.6000
161.6500
161.7000
161.7500
161.8000
161.8500
161.9000
161.9500
162.0000
2007
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
Ch No. FREQUENCY
160.6500
2001
160.7000
2002
160.7500
2003
160.8000
2004
160.8500
2005
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
161.5250
161.5750
161.6250
161.6750
161.7250
161.7750
161.8250
161.8750
161.9250
161.9750
162.0250
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
161.5125
161.5625
161.6125
161.6625
161.7125
161.7625
161.8125
161.8625
161.9125
161.9625
162.0125
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
161.5375
161.5875
161.6375
161.6875
161.7375
161.7875
161.8375
161.8875
161.9375
161.9875
Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY
2060
160.6250
160.6625
2201
2260
160.6375
2061
160.6750
160.7125
2202
2261
160.6875
2062
160.7250
160.7625
2203
2262
160.7375
2063
160.7750
160.8125
2204
2263
160.7875
2064
160.8250
160.8625
2205
2264
160.8375
160.8750
160.9125
2065
2206
2265
160.8875
2066
160.9250
160.9625
2207
2266
160.9375
APPENDIX
VHF channel list (International mode)
156.2500
156.3000
156.3500
156.4000
156.4500
156.5000
156.5500
156.6000
156.6500
156.7000
156.7500
156.8000
156.8500
156.9000
156.9500
157.0000
157.0500
157.1000
157.1500
157.2000
157.2500
157.3000
157.3500
157.4000
1005
6
1007
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1063
1064
1065
1066
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1061
156.1750
156.2250
156.2750
156.3250
156.3750
156.4250
156.4750
156.5250
156.5750
156.6250
156.6750
156.7250
156.7750
156.8250
156.8750
156.9250
156.9750
157.0250
157.0750
157.1250
157.1750
157.2250
157.2750
157.3250
157.3750
157.4250
156.0750
Ch No. FREQUENCY
Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY
1201
156.0625
1260
156.0375
1202
156.1125
1261
156.0875
1203
156.1625
1262
156.1375
1204
156.2125
1263
156.1875
1205
156.2625
1264
156.2375
1206
156.3125
1265
156.2875
1207
156.3625
1266
156.3375
208
156.4125
267
156.3875
209
156.4625
268
156.4375
210
156.5125
269
156.4875
211
156.5625
270
156.5375
212
156.6125
271
156.5875
213
156.6625
272
156.6375
214
156.7125
273
156.6875
215
156.7625
274
156.7375
216
156.8125
275
156.7875
217
156.8625
276
156.8375
1218
156.9125
277
156.8875
1219
156.9625
1278
156.9375
1220
157.0125
1279
156.9875
1221
157.0625
1280
157.0375
1222
157.1125
1281
157.0875
1223
157.1625
1282
157.1375
1224
157.2125
1283
157.1875
1225
157.2625
1284
157.2375
1226
157.3125
1285
157.2875
1227
157.3625
1286
157.3375
1228
157.4125
1287
157.3875
Note: Add 1000 for one-digit, two-digit, and three-digit channel number.
156.1500
1003
Ch No. FREQUENCY
1001
156.0500
160.9500
161.5000
161.5500
161.6000
161.6500
161.7000
161.7500
161.8000
161.8500
161.9000
161.9500
162.0000
2007
2018
2019
2020
2021
2022
2023
2024
2025
2026
2027
2028
Ch No. FREQUENCY
160.6500
2001
160.7000
2002
160.7500
2003
160.8000
2004
160.8500
2005
2078
2079
2080
2081
2082
2083
2084
2085
2086
2087
2088
161.5250
161.5750
161.6250
161.6750
161.7250
161.7750
161.8250
161.8750
161.9250
161.9750
162.0250
2218
2219
2220
2221
2222
2223
2224
2225
2226
2227
2228
161.5125
161.5625
161.6125
161.6625
161.7125
161.7625
161.8125
161.8625
161.9125
161.9625
162.0125
2278
2279
2280
2281
2282
2283
2284
2285
2286
2287
161.5375
161.5875
161.6375
161.6875
161.7375
161.7875
161.8375
161.8875
161.9375
161.9875
Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY Ch No. FREQUENCY
2060
160.6250
160.6625
2201
2260
160.6375
2061
160.6750
160.7125
2202
2261
160.6875
2062
160.7250
160.7625
2203
2262
160.7375
2063
160.7750
160.8125
2204
2263
160.7875
2064
160.8250
160.8625
2205
2264
160.8375
160.8750
160.9125
2065
2206
2265
160.8875
2066
160.9250
160.9625
2207
2266
160.9375
APPENDIX
VHF channel list (USA mode)
AP-27
This page is intentionally left blank.
INDEX
A
Alarm status ..................................................34
B
Battery replacement......................................28
Brilliance .........................................................3
Buzzer...........................................................25
C
Channels
setting .......................................................23
viewing ......................................................22
Contrast ..........................................................3
Controls...........................................................1
CPA/TCPA range ............................................7
D
Dangerous targets ........................................14
Destination ......................................................7
Diagnostics
GPS test....................................................33
keyboard test ............................................31
LCD test ....................................................32
memory test ..............................................31
on/off history .............................................32
program no................................................30
Digital interface ........................................ AP-7
Draught ...........................................................7
Dynamic data ................................................17
G
GPS monitor .................................................36
GPS test........................................................33
K
Keyboard test................................................31
L
LCD test........................................................ 32
Long range mode ......................................... 26
M
Maintenance................................................. 27
Memory clear................................................ 38
Memory test.................................................. 31
Menu tree .................................................AP-1
Messages
logs ........................................................... 21
sending ..................................................... 18
N
Navigation status............................................ 7
O
On/off history ................................................ 32
P
Parts location............................................AP-4
Plotter display............................................... 11
POWER key ................................................... 2
Program no................................................... 30
Program number record ................................ vi
S
Sensor status................................................ 37
Ship type and crew......................................... 7
Static data..................................................... 15
System configuration...................................... v
System overview ...........................................vii
T
Target data.................................................... 12
Troubleshooting............................................ 28
IN-1
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