UserManual Industry

UserManual Industry
User Manual UM1
1600 | 1200 | 900 | 600
Automatic Charge Control
GB
2
1. Introduction
1.
Introduction
1.1
Foreword
Thank you for purchasing an EFOY product. We hope that
you will enjoy your new unit.
Please read these instructions first before using.
Should you have any questions about installation or
operation, please consult the EFOY hotline.
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 4
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Fax: +49 89 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
3
1. Introduction
1.2
Safety Information
Read the instructions before operating and keep them
nearby. Be sure to follow all directions in the manual.
Do not open unit or fuel cartridges. Do not use force to
open cartridges and do not refill them. Any
modifications to the unit may affect safe operation,
will lead to a loss of license and will void the warranty
Use only original EFOY equipment.
Do not store unit and fuel cartridges at temperatures
above 45° C. Do not operate at temperatures above
40° C. Keep away from heat and direct sunlight.
Store the unit where there is no danger of freezing, or
use the automatic antifreeze feature.
Do not smoke when handling the unit or the fuel
cartridges.
Keep away from heat and open flame.
There is a danger of fire if methanol leaks out
following an accident, or if the unit or the fuel
cartridge has been damaged. Keep away from open
fire and make sure area is well ventilated. Small
amounts of methanol which may leak out will
evaporate without leaving any residue.
Keep unit and fuel cartridges (including empty or
partially filled cartridges) out of children’s reach.
Operate the unit only in accordance with instructions
and keep operating area well ventilated. Do not block
exhaust. Avoid inhaling exhaust fumes directly or for
prolonged periods of time.
4
1. Introduction
There is no risk of coming into contact with methanol
provided that you handle the unit and fuel cartridges in
accordance with instructions.
We are required by law to print the following notice.
Methanol is toxic if inhaled, ingested or if it comes into
contact with skin. Irreparable damage may occur if
inhaled, ingested or if it comes into contact with skin. In
the event of an accident or if nausea occurs, consult a
physician immediately. Be sure to bring the fuel cartridge
label or these instructions to the consultation. (A caution
concerning methanol can be found in the appendix.)
System exhaust may contain harmful components. Avoid
inhaling exhaust directly or for prolonged periods of time.
Use the exhaust hose to conduct exhaust gases to the
exterior.
Improper use or improper connection to other electrical
devices may result in damage.
In addition to these safety instructions, please observe
the passages in bold type. Otherwise, you may endanger
yourself and others.
5
1. Introduction
1.3
Normal Operation
The EFOY 600, EFOY 900, EFOY 1200 and EFOY 1600 are
automatic charging devices for 12V lead batteries.
The unit may be used only to charge lead batteries that
conform to the specifications in Chapter 3.4, S. 12).
The specifications allow for solid-state operation (see
Chapter 3.4) on boats and on motor vehicles. Operate only
with original-equipment EFOY fuel cartridges.
The unit is not intended for emergency medical power
generation, or for powering life-sustaining or agricultural
devices.
Do not operate unit if housing is damaged.
1.4
Declaration of Conformity
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG, Eugen-Saenger-Ring 4, 85649
Brunnthal-Nord declares that the EFOY 600, EFOY 900,
EFOY 1200 and the EFOY 1600 conform to the European
Community’s 89/336/EWG guidelines for electromagnetic compatibility. The following norms apply:
DIN EN 61000-6-1, DIN EN 61000-6-3
6
1. Introduction
1.5
E 24
Seals of Approval
These units have been tested in accordance with ECE
Regulation No. 10 for electro-magnetic compatibility.
Operation in motor vehicles is permitted.
Approval number: E24 10R-020234
These units have undergone voluntary testing by TÜV
SÜD for conformity with the basic requirements of IEC
62282-5 and have been awarded the seal of approval for
product safety.
1.6
Warranty
1. Warranty
SFC provides
a) a 36-month warranty for up to 3,000 hours of
operation. The warranty covers defects caused by
materials or by the manufacturing process, provided
that the manufacturer has a written registration of the
unit on record. The unit must be registered online or by
sending in the warranty card. The unit must be
registered no later than 4 weeks after date of purchase.
Registration is subject to the purchaser agreeing to
have his data recorded by the manufacturer.
b) a 24-month warranty for up to 3,000 hours of
operation. The warranty covers defects caused by
materials or by the manufacturing process should there
be no registration of the unit on record as described in
warranty 1a.
The warranty does not extend to cover improper use of
the unit or operation that is not in accordance with the
user manual, in particular:
If fuel cartridges other than original EFOY fuel
cartridges are used,
Inappropriate handling,
Water damage,
Improper transportation,
If the unit has been opened.
7
1. Introduction
2. Extent of the warranty
The warranty covers defects (see 1. Warranty) from the
time of sale.
The manufacturer shall remedy such defects by either
repair or replacement (updated model where
applicable) as he deems appropriate. Should the
manufacturer provide a warranty, the warranty period
with regard to repair or replacement parts shall not
recommence from the time of service. Instead, the
warranty from time of sale will remain in force. Any
other claims, in particular claims for damages on the
part of the purchaser or a third party, are invalid. The
provisions of the product liability law remain in effect as
well as any claims against the manufacturer pertaining
to warrantees remain in force as provide by law. The
warranty does not extend to any extra costs associated
with mounting or dismounting the unit such as
disassembling furniture or parts of a motor vehicle.
3. In Case of Claim
Always notify the EFOY service center in writing in case
of malfunction. Please describe the defect in detail.
Please also indicate serial number and include the
original invoice. The purchaser must bring or send the
unit to the manufacturer at his own risk so that the
manufacturer can determine whether the defect is
covered by the warranty. The unit must be sent to the
factory as freight. If the defect is covered by the
warranty, the factory shall assume the transportation
costs. Should the defect not be covered by warranty, the
manufacturer shall notify the customer, informing the
customer of what repair costs the manufacturer shall
not assume. The customer shall bear the cost of
transportation in this case.
8
1. Introduction
The manufacturer’s address is:
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Saenger-Ring 4
D-85649 Brunnthal
Tel.: +49 89 / 673 59 20
Free Call: 00800 / 73 27 62 78**
Fax.: +49 89 / 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
Service
EFOY customer service is available for technical
inquiries concerning EFOY fuel cells during normal
business hours at the following numbers:
Toll-free number: 00800/73 27 62 78*
If calling from outside the countries listed below,
please dial +49 89 / 673 5920
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark,
France, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway,
Spain, Sweden and Switzerland.
9
1. Introduction
1.7
Packaging
Disposal
Packaging protects your unit during shipping. All
materials used are environmentally compatible and
recyclable.
We recommend saving the packaging for eventual
winter storage.
Should you nevertheless wish to dispose of the
packaging, please do so properly.
Your dealer or your local recycling center can provide
information about proper disposal.
Danger of Suffocation!
Keep packaging away from children. Plastic wrapping
and cartons may cause suffocation.
Fuel Cartridges
Old Units
Sort empty fuel cartridges with plastics. Dispose of
partly filled fuel cartridges in the same manner as
solvents or paint.
Old units are still valuable! Proper disposal can yield
valuable raw materials while protecting the
environment.
The EFOY hotline:
Tel.: +49 89 673 5920 or 00800 732 762 78*
can advise you about returning old units.
10
2. Table of Contents
2.
Table of Contents
1.
Introduction
1.1 Foreword
1.2 Safety Information
1.3 Normal Operation
1.4 Declaration of Conformity
1.5 Seals of Approval
1.6 Warranty
1.7 Disposal
3
3
4
6
6
7
7
10
2.
Table of Contents
11
3.
Configuration
3.1 Standard Equipment
3.2 Overview
3.3 Remote Control
3.4 Specifications
13
13
14
14
15
4.
Installation
4.1 Tools and Materials
4.2 Space Requirements
4.3 Securing the unit
4.4 Off-heat duct
4.5 Installing the fuel-cartridge holder
4.6 Electrical Connections
4.7 Connecting the Remote Control
17
17
18
20
21
23
24
30
5.
Operation
5.1 Connecting the Fuel Cartridge
5.2 Automatic Operation
5.3 Switching on the Fuel Cell
5.4 Display Information
5.5 Select Language
5.6 Switching Off the Fuel Cell
5.7 Automatic Antifreeze Feature
5.8 Storage
32
32
34
35
35
37
37
38
39
6.
Maintenance
6.1 Service
6.2 Cleaning
41
41
41
11
2. Table of Contents
7.
Troubleshooting
7.1 Safety
7.2 Problems and Solutions
7.3 Problems without Error Messages
7.4 Changing the Fuse
7.5 Replacing Service Fluid
42
42
43
46
47
48
8.
Appendix
8.1 Accessories and Spare Parts
8.2 Output characteristic
8.3 Material Safety Data Sheet Methanol
49
49
50
52
12
3. Configuration
3.
Configuration
3.1
Unit
Standard Equipment
The following is standard equipment:
Unit
Remote control with data line RC1
Fuel-cartridge holder with belt FH 1
Mounting plate with belt MP 1
Exhaust hose (1.5 m) EH 1
Charge line
Service-Kit
UM1 user manual
Remote control with data
line RC1
Fuel-cartridge holder with
belt
FH1
Mounting plate with belt MP1
Eexhaust hose EH1
Connecting line to fuel-cell 1m
Off-heat duct OD1
Battery fuse power 7.5A Battery fuse sense 2A
Service kit
13
3. Configuration
3.2
Overview
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
3.3
auto
reset
!
Charge line connection
Remote-control connection RC 1
Data interface
G-fuse 250V 8A M, 5 x 20 mm
Fuel-cartridge connection
Connection for EH 1 exhaust hose and nozzle for
service fluid
Cooling inlet (reverse)
Warm-air outlet and connection for off-heat duct
Remote Control
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Display
Information button and language-selection button >>
On/Off button
Button for automatic operation auto
Yellow warning light “Please change fuel cartridge“
Red error warning light
Reset button reset
14
3. Configuration
3.4
Specifications
Performance
Product
EFOY 600
EFOY 900
EFOY 1200
EFOY 1600
Rating
25 W
38 W
50 W
65 W
Charge capacity
600 Wh/Day
(50 Ah/Day)
900 Wh/Day
(75 Ah/Day)
1200 Wh/Day
(100 Ah/Day)
1600 Wh/Day
(130 Ah/Day)
Nominal voltage
12 V
12 V
12 V
12 V
Charging current @ 12 V
2.1 A
3,1 A
4.2 A
5.4 A
Turn on threshold*
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Ubatt < 12.3 V
Cut off threshold*
Ubatt >14.2 V
and
Iout < 2.0 A
Ubatt >14.2 V
and
Iout < 2.0 A
Ubatt >14.2 V
and
Iout < 2.0 A
Ubatt >14.2 V
and
Iout < 2.0 A
Required starting voltage
> 10.8 V
> 10.8 V
> 10.8 V
> 10.8 V
Quiescent current
requirement
15 mA
15 mA
15 mA
15 mA
Methanol requirement
1.1 l/kWh
1.1 l/kWh
1.1 l/kWh
1.1 l/kWh
Compatible batteries
12 V rechargeable (lead-acid or lead-gel) batteries
10 to 100 Ah
15 to 150 Ah
20 to 200 Ah
25 to 250 Ah
Sound pressure level at 7 m
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
23 dB(A)
Weight
6,3 kg
7,1 kg
7,1 kg
7,3 kg
Dimensions (L x W x H)
43,5 x 20,0 x 27,6 cm
General Specifications
* factory setting
15
3. Configuration
Environmental conditions
Space requirement (L x W x H) 51 x 35 x 30 cm minimum
Inclination along the direct
axis
continual:
35°
temporary (<10 min):
45°
Inclination along the
quadrature axis
continual:
20°
Operating temperature
-20 to +40 °C
Start temperature
+5 to +40 °C
Storage temperature
+1 to +45 °C
Instrumentation
Operation
via remote control with four buttons and multilingual display
Electrical interface
MNL 4-prong plug
Type Tyco Electronics AMP Universal Mate-N-Lok (Mfr. No.
350779)
Fuse
G fuse 250V 8.0A M, 5 x 20 mm
Fuel Cartridge
M5
M10
Volume
5 liter
10 liter
Weight
4.3 kg
8.4 kg
Dimensions (L x W x H)
19.0 x 14.5 x 28.3 cm
23.0 x 19.3 x 31.8 cm
16
4. Installation
4.
Installation
Securely fasten unit and fuel cartridges when using on
board motor vehicles.
Do not operate unit if there is danger of explosion.
Unit is not watertight. Make sure that no water can
enter.
Keep unit and fuel cartridges away from children,
temperatures in excess of 45° C and direct sunlight.
4.1
Tools and Materials
You will need the following tools and sealants to install
the fuel cell in an RV:
electric drill
jigsaw
screwdriver
hexagonal (Allen) wrench
sealant such as Sikaflex
Use the following screws, depending on the mounting
surface (screws are not included):
8 screws to attach the mounting plate
4 screws to attach the remote control
4 screws to attach the fuel-cartridge holder
cable clamps and fixing screws, if needed
17
4. Installation
4.2
Space Requirements
Installation should be carried out by trained personnel
only. Wear proper work clothes. Avoid flowing
garments and wear a hair net if you have long hair.
Clothing and hair can get caught in moving or rotating
parts such as in a drill.
Be sure to leave enough space behind the installation
area when drilling or cutting out openings. Also be sure
to follow the tool manufacturer’s safety instructions.
Solvents used in sealants may emit fumes. Make sure
that there is sufficient ventilation and follow the
instructions for the sealing compound.
Make sure when choosing a location, that the
temperature ranges between –20° C and +40° C.
This unit generates heat, thus requiring ventilation.
Please take this into account when considering
possible locations.
Provide for a vent opening measuring at least 10 cm
across when installing. Use the off-heat duct (included)
to remove warm air.
Zuluft
cooling
air
min.
10 cm
Install only in upright position. Use the mounting plate
(included).
18
4. Installation
Make sure that the device does not exceed the
maximum inclination.
Inclination along the direct axis:
continual:
35°
temporary (<10min):
45°
Inclination along the quadrature axis:
continual:
20°
All electrical connections, the fill opening for service
fluid and the fuel cartridge should be easily accessible.
max. 30 cm
Make sure that the fuel cartridge is located within
reach of the connecting hose (30 cm) and that the hose
is neither kinked nor crushed.
The fuel-cartridge hose and the exhaust hose may not
be damaged. Do not substitute another hose for either
of the two.
Use only original-equipment EFOY hoses.
19
4. Installation
4.3
Locations
2
3
1
Ideas for installation:
4.4
1
false floor or side compartment
2
seat bench
3
rear storage area
Securing the unit
Select a suitable location as described in Chapter 4.2,
paying attention to the dimensions in Chapter 3.4.
1. Run the belt in the groove under the mounting plate.
2. Secure the mounting plate tightly to the desired
location. Use eight proper screws and dowels, if
necessary, so that the mounting plate cannot shake
loose in case of an accident.
3. Place the unit onto the mounting plate.
20
4. Installation
4. Strap the unit tightly to the mounting plate.
4.5
Off-heat duct
The off-heat duct (included) extracts warm air so that the
unit can also be operated in close quarters.
Use the bow to conduct warm air to the side.
cooling
air Zuluft
If you do not need the off-heat bow, you can disconnect it
from the off-heat flange and connect the off-heat tube
directly to the flange.
exhaust
warmKühlluft
air
Abluft erwärmte
Make sure that the off-heat tube is not kinked; use a
second bow if needed.
warm air
cooling ø min.
Zuluft
10 cm
air
erwärmte
Kühlluft
Abluft
exhau
Sink the screws for the off-heat flange into the holes
provided.
21
4. Installation
Then pass the off-heat tube to the exterior. You will need
an opening with a 100 mm diameter.
Be careful of electrical lines when drilling. The RV
manufacturer or your dealer can provide information as
to the location of lines.
10 cm
Pass the off-heat tube through the opening; any excess
may be shortened.
It may be necessary to use an external face plate to
protect the outlet. Use a suitable sealant to prevent
moisture from penetrating into the body or into the
interior.
4.6
Connecting the Exhaust Hose
Exhaust gasses contain moisture and may exceed
60° C, causing scalding. Exhaust byproducts may
contain injurious substances. Avoid inhaling exhaust
directly or for long periods of time.
The exhaust hose may not be longer than 50 cm in
order to prevent freezing in winter. The hose may be
up to 150 cm long for summer operation and during
transitional seasons.
At no time may siphoning occur in the hose. Make sure
that the hose is neither clogged nor blocked.
Routing the exhaust hose
Up
Down
22
Avoid siphoning
4. Installation
Remove the cap from the exhaust port. Retain the
cap for winter storage or for possible returns.
Attach the exhaust hose (included) to the exhaust
port.
Route the hose to the exterior and use a suitable
sealant to seal the opening. The hose may be
shortened as needed. The opening must be10 mm
in diameter.
1 cm
Make sure the exhaust hose has no kinks or
blockage and that exhaust can escape freely.
4.7
Installing the fuel-cartridge holder
Keep fuel cartridge and all reserve cartridges away
from children. Keep cartridges away from heat and
out of direct sunshine.
Secure fuel cartridge and all reserve cartridges so
that they can not shift.
Make sure that the fuel-cartridge connecting hose is
neither crushed nor kinked.
warm air
Do not place fuel cartridges or reserve cartridges in
front of the air intake or outlet!
Place fuel cartridges next to or in front of the unit as
illustrated.
Do not place objects such as reserve fuel cartridges in
front of the air intake or outlet.
electrical connection
23
4. Installation
Install unit and fuel cartridge at the same level.
Secure the fuel-cartridge holder with four suitable
screws and dowels, if necessary, so that it will not shake
loose in the case of an accident.
4.8
Electrical Connections
All work should be carried out by qualified technicians
in accordance with technical regulations.
Improper connections or the use of wrong gauge wires
could result in fire.
All wires must be properly insulated and have adequate
voltage rating. All connections must be tight. The use of
uninsulated wires and contacts is not permitted.
Use the wire harness (included) to connect the unit.
The circuit connecting the battery must contain a fuse.
Alternatively, use the fuse (available as optional
equipment) to connect the battery.
Check the polarity (see illustration) before connecting
the unit.
Both sensor and power lines must always be connected.
Always use separate lines for charging (power) and for
voltage metering (sensor) to the battery. Otherwise, the
flow of current will cause false readings.
24
4. Installation
The charging lines consists of four leads that must be
connected to the battery as follows:
Power lead:
This lead carries current from the fuel cell to the
battery.
Power lead
Sensor lead
Sensor lead:
This lead measures battery voltage.
To minimize current loss in the leads, the following
cross section is recommended, should the battery
charging cable be insufficient:
Length [m]
min. cross section
<5m
5 – 10 m
10 – 15 m
2.5 mm²
4 mm²
6 mm²
Option:
Extension sense line 8 m (Art. No. 151 906 005)
Extension Power line 8 m (Art. No. 151 906 006)
Two kinds of electrical connection are possible:
via the central electrical box (Chapter 4.8.1)
directly to the battery (Chapter 4.8.2)
25
4. Installation
4.8.1
Connection via the Central Electrical
Box (EBL)
TV
entertainment
refrigerators
heating
light
Power lead
EBL
Sense lead
26
4. Installation
red
brown
Fuse 2A
4
1
5
3
2
or
6
7
1.
unit
2.
connecting line to fuel cell
3.
extension sense line (optional)
4.
battery fuse 2 A
5.
battery
6.
extension power line with 2- or 3- pole plug (optional)
7.
Central electrical box (EBL)
27
4. Installation
4.8.2
Connection directly to the battery
TV
entertainment
light
heating
refrigerators
power lead
sense lead
28
4. Installation
red
brown
Fuse 2A
1
4
5
3
2
6
Fuse 7.5A
7
1.
unit
2.
connecting line to fuel cell
3.
extension sense line (optional)
4.
battery fuse sense 2 A
5.
battery
6.
extension power line with 3-pole plug (optional)
7.
battery fuse power 7.5 A
29
4. Installation
4.9
Connecting the Remote Control
The remote control (1) displays the current status and
is used to control the device. Mount the panel where it
is easily accessible such as in the cockpit.
1
If installing the panel flush with the surface of the
unit, make sure that there is a sufficient opening for
the electronic components behind the opening.
2
3
Use templates for drilling and sawing when flush or
surface mounting (2). Use a drill to start the opening
and then cut out the rest of the opening with a keyhole
or compass saw.
4
The secure the control panel (1) with four suitable
screws (4) and place the frame (3) over the control
panel.
Flush mounting:
1 remote control
2 opening
3 frame
4 screws
1
Surface mounting (optional)
2
Secure the surface mount with two screws.
Connect the remote control with the DL 1 data line
(included).
3
4
Then secure the control panel (1) with four suitable
screws (4) and place the frame (3) over the control
panel.
Surface mounting:
1 remote control
2 surface mount
3 frame
4 screws
30
4. Installation
Connect the remote control with the DL data line
(included).
If the DL 1 data line is not long enough, you can replace
it with a commercially available network line that is
longer or shorter (Category 5 patch cable).
Then insert the plug into the left socket on the unit
marked “Remote Control“.
31
5. Operation
5.
Operation
5.1
Connecting the Fuel Cartridge
For safety’s sake, use only original EFOY fuel
cartridges. Do not smoke while changing the cartridge
and avoid open flames! Do not expose fuel cartridges to
temperatures above 45°C.
Do not place the fuel cartridge in front of the air intake
or outlet.
Original-equipment EFOY fuel cartridges contain EFOYapproved methanol. Even slight impurities in
commercially available methanol may cause permanent
damage to the unit and may void the warranty.
Note: When the cartridge is empty, “Please change fuel
cartridge“ will appear on the remote control and the
yellow light will blink. The cartridge may be changed
while the system is running.
Unscrew the empty fuel cartridge and remove.
Close each cartridge tightly with the cap after use.
EFOY fuel cartridges are intended for one-way use
only. They may not be refilled.
Sort empty fuel cartridges with plastics. Dispose of
partly filled fuel cartridges in the same manner as
solvents or paint.
32
5. Operation
1
Place a new sealed original-equipment EFOY fuel
cartridge into the fuel-cartridge holder (1).
Fasten the belt on the fuel-cartridge holder (2). Do
not attach fuel cartridges without a fuel-cartridge
holder.
Only remove the childproof cap when the new fuel
cartridge has been placed into the fuel-cartridge
holder (3).
Screw the connector onto the new fuel cartridge.
2
Press reset on the control panel to extinguish the
yellow warning light and the maintenance message.
3
33
5. Operation
5.2
Automatic Operation
Before connecting to the electrical system, make sure
the unit has been positioned properly and that the
electrical system is protected by fuses (as described
in Chapter 3.4)
Do not operate at temperatures above 40° C or below
- 20° C. If device has been exposed to temperatures
under 0° C without being connected to a battery or with
insufficiently filled fuel cartridge (antifreeze), it must
stand at room temperature for 24 hours before
operating.
Make sure that a full fuel cartridge has been connected.
Automatic operation will begin the moment that you
connect the unit to a battery. The unit will monitor
battery voltage by itself.
Charging mode
The unit charges the battery as needed or assists the
battery in providing output. The second line of the
display will indicate “charging mode“ as long as the unit
is providing voltage to the electrical system.
Automatic
The device goes through a cold start phase of about 20
minutes before reaching its full rated output.
Automatic
Start phase
Automatic
Standby
Automatic
Please change fuel cartridge
If the battery is sufficiently charged and the unit is not
providing input, the unit will remain in the standby
mode.
Should the device detect a malfunction such as an
empty fuel cartridge, it will shut down and advise you
how to correct the situation. (“Please change fuel
cartridge“.) Resume automatic operation using the
reset button after the error has been corrected. (See
also Chapter 7 Troubleshooting).
34
5. Operation
5.3
Switching on the Fuel Cell
If desired, you can switch on the unit manually
regardless of the battery voltage. The unit will then be
in the “charging mode“.
This function is only possible when the battery voltage
is below 13.2V
Press
on the control panel once if the unit has been
switched off, and twice if it is operating in automatic
mode. The unit will start up regardless of the battery
voltage and will continue charging until it reaches the
cutoff point
(Ubatt >14,2 V und Iout < 2,0 A).
On
Charging mode
The device will then switch to automatic mode by itself
and will only charge if the battery or the demand for
power requires it.
5.4
Display Information
The second line of the display provides information
about normal operation, errors or malfunctions (see
Chapter 7). The first line indicates the operating mode
selected, such as “Automatic“.
Press >> to obtain the following information.
Automatic
Battery voltage
Voltage 13.6 V
Automatic
4.6 A
Charging current
Please note that the device interrupts power generation
briefly several times an hour during normal operation
and a charging power of 0.0 A is displayed then.
35
5. Operation
Automatic
Firmware version
Firmware 1200 4.12L
Automatic
Total operating hours
Operating hours 500 h
Automatic
Maintenance messages (see also Chapter 7)
Please change fuel cartridge
Automatic
Charging mode
If you have connected the optional cartridge sensor
to your unit, a fuel cartridge will appear in the
display as soon as a predetermined amount is
reached.
Always keep a reserve fuel cartridge at the ready. The
cartridge need only be changed when the message
“Please change cartridge“ appears in the display.
The standard display will be restored after about 30
seconds. Alternatively, you can return to the standard
display by pressing >> again.
By pressing >> for approximately 2 seconds, you will
obtain the language menu (see Chapter 5.5).
36
5. Operation
5.5
Select Language
Press >> on the control panel for 2 seconds. The
control panel will display the language currently
selected.
The following languages are available:
German (factory setting)
English
French
Italian
Dutch
Spanish
Deutsch
Continue pressing >> until the desired language
appears.
Then hold >> 2 more seconds in order to set your
language choice.
5.6
Switching Off the Fuel Cell
Press
device.
on the remote control to switch off the
The unit will gradually shut down, performing various
function checks as it does so:
Off
Shutting down
To protect components, the unit must run at least 30
minutes before shutting down. If the unit is shut off
beforehand, it will continue running until 30 minutes
have elapsed. The message “Shutting down” will
appear in the display. Leave the fuel cartridge and the
battery connected during this time.
Please note that the fuel cell will only start up if it is
connected to an intact battery. The fuel cell will not
switch on if the battery is damaged.
37
5. Operation
5.7
Off
Antifreeze mode
Automatic Antifreeze Feature
This unit features an intelligent antifreeze feature. The
unit can keep itself warm at temperatures below 3° C
as long as it is connected to a working battery and it is
supplied with methanol.
If the unit is in antifreeze mode, the message
“Antifreeze mode” will appear on the second line. The
first line will indicate the current operating mode, for
example “Off”.
The antifreeze function works only as long as a fuel
cartridge and a sufficiently intact battery are
connected.
The unit will not be able to start if the battery voltage
falls below 10.5 volts. Please note that the unit will not
recharge the battery if the voltage drops below 10.5
volts.
Please observe the following maintenance tips for
storage and winter operation:
1
To cut energy costs, we recommend dismounting
the unit and storing it away from cold if it is to be
inactive for longer periods of time. Dismounting is
easy; it requires just a few steps, no tools and no
particular technical finesse. Store the unit in the
original carton.
2
If, despite precautions, the unit does freeze, let it
thaw in a warm place for approximately 24 hours
before operating. Please note that the unit’s
performance may diminish if it freezes repeatedly.
Running in straight antifreeze mode, the unit will
consume approximately 10 liters of methanol in the
course of a five-month Central European winter.
38
5. Operation
5.8
Storage
Press
unit.
Off
Shutting down
on the remote control to switch off the
Wait until the unit has shut down and the display has
disappeared (approx. 30 min.).
Unplug the charging line and the data line for the
remote control.
Store the plugs and lines in a cool, dry place.
Do not smoke when handling unit and fuel cartridge.
Keep away from open flame!
Unscrew the fuel cartridge and close it with a cap.
Keep all elements clean.
Keep unit and fuel cartridges – even empty or
partially empty cartridges – away from children.
Remove the exhaust hose. Keep it clean and place a
cap over the exhaust outlet.
Remove the off-heat tube and the off-heat bow if
necessary.
Release the belt and lift the unit off the mounting
plate.
Store unit in a cool place; however, the temperature
should exceed 1° C because the automatic antifreeze
feature will only work if a fuel cartridge is attached
along with a sufficiently charged battery. (See
Chapter 5.7)
If the unit has been exposed to temperatures below
0° C without being connected to a battery and
sufficiently filled fuel cartridge (antifreeze), it will
have to stand at room temperature for approximately
24 hours before operating.
39
5. Operation
Use a proper box such as the original carton to ship
the unit. Use padding to prevent shocks. Transport
the unit in an upright position only.
40
6. Maintenance
6.
Maintenance
6.1
Service
Do not open unit! Unauthorized tampering may
jeopardize safe operation and void any warranty. The
unit does not contain any components that you can
service or repair yourself.
The unit is maintenance free under normal operating
conditions. Contact SFC if you intend to use it for other
than its intended purpose.
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 4
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
6.2
Cleaning
Switch off device before cleaning and unplug the battery
charging cable.
The device is not watertight. Make sure that moisture
cannot get inside.
Clean only with a soft cloth dampened with a mild
detergent.
Reconnect the battery charging cable after cleaning so
that the antifreeze feature remains activated. (See
Chapter 5.7).
41
7. Troubleshooting
7.
Troubleshooting
7.1
Safety
Do not open unit! It contains no components that you can
repair yourself.
Contact SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG if you are unable to
correct a malfunction using these instructions.
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 4
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
42
7. Troubleshooting
7.2
Problems and Solutions
The control panel signals problems via a red and/or
yellow light and a running message on the second line
of the display.
The messages will assist you in solving the problem
quickly and easily.
Press the reset button on the control panel AFTER the
problem has been solved.
Message
Solution
Check battery
Battery voltage is too low.
or
If battery voltage is under 10.5 V, check connection
between unit and battery (see Chapter 4.8).
No connect
Interruption: Surroundings
too warm
Ambient temperature is too high. Unit will start
automatically as soon as temperature drops below
30° C.
Interruption: Please defrost
device slowly
Unit has been exposed to temperatures below 0° C
without being connected to a battery and sufficiently
filled fuel cartridge (automatic antifreeze feature). Let
stand at room temperature for approx. 24 hours.
Error 10: Please contact
service
Call the hotline at.
Error 11: Please check
exhaust hose
Check that the exhaust hose has been properly
connected and arrange it so that condensation cannot
form.
Error 12: Please check
exhaust hose
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
Check for kinks. Clean hose if necessary and keep
opening clear. Shorten exhaust hose if condensation
forms.
43
7. Troubleshooting
Message
Solution
Error 11: Please check
exhaust hose
Check that the exhaust hose has been properly
connected and arrange it so that condensation cannot
form.
Error 12: Please check
exhaust hose
Check for kinks. Clean hose if necessary and keep
opening clear. Shorten exhaust hose if condensation
forms.
Error 13: Please contact
service
Call the hotline at.
Error 14: Please contact
service
Error 15: Please contact
service
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
Error 16: Please contact
service
Error 17: Please contact
service
Error 20: Please change fuel
cartridge
Insert a new fuel cartridge as described in Chapter 5.1.
Error 21: Please change fuel
cartridge
Check cartridge hose for kinks. Check hose and
connection for dirt. Position fuel cartridge on the same
level as unit.
Error 22: Please change fuel
cartridge
Check connection and screw cartridge on tightly.
Check connection and screw cartridge on tightly.
Error 23: Please change fuel
cartridge
Error 30: Please refill service
fluid
Error 31: Please refill service
fluid
Check that exhaust can escape and that ambient
temperature is below 40° C. Then add service fluid (see
Chapter 7.5).
44
7. Troubleshooting
Message
Solution
Error 50: Please check
battery voltage
Battery voltage is too low.
Check battery voltage. If under 10.5 V, use an external
battery charger to recharge.
Check the connection of the sense line.
Error 51: Please check
battery voltage
Battery voltage is too high.
Check whether the battery is the proper type.
Check the connection of the sense line.
Check other charging devices such as generators or
regulators for defects.
Error 52: Please check
battery voltage
Battery voltage is too low.
Error 53: Please check
battery voltage
Battery voltage is too high.
If battery voltage is under 10.5 V, check connection
between unit and battery (see Chapter 4.8).
Check whether the battery is the proper type.
Check other charging devices such as generators or
regulators for defects.
Error 63: Automatic restart
Unit is restarting automatically.
Error 65: Automatic restart
45
7. Troubleshooting
7.3
Description
Problems without Error Messages
Cause
Solution
The device doesn’t respond and
Remote control is not
nothing is displayed on the remote connected or is
control.
incorrectly connected.
Check the connection of the
remote control (see chapter
4.9).
No battery connected,
wrong battery or
undercharged.
Check contacts, polarity
and cables. Connect a
charged battery to start
device.
Short-circuit fuse
tripped.
Check polarity of charge
line.
Turn off unit, check reason
for short circuit/overload or
wrong polarity and correct.
Replace fuse (see Chapter
7.4).
If problem recurs:
Contact the hotline at:
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
46
7. Troubleshooting
7.4
Changing the Fuse
Replace fuses only with fuses of the same type and
rating. Never repair or override a fuse.
Before changing fuse, locate the reason for the
malfunction and have your dealer repair it.
Switch off the unit before replacing the fuse. Unplug the
charge line.
Replace the fuse:
G fuse 250V 8 A M, 5 x 20 mm
Reconnect the charge line.
Make sure that you have replacement fuses on
hand. Replacement fuses are available in
electronics stores or from your dealer.
47
7. Troubleshooting
7.5
Replacing Service Fluid
If service fluid is low the red light will come on and the
message ”Please refill service fluid“ will appear in the
control panel display.
There is no need to add service fluid prior to the initial
start-up.
Use EFOY brand service fluid only.
Switch off the unit before refilling fluid. Unplug the
charge line.
Always keep the device’s service fluid nozzle clean.
Use a clean pair of scissors to cut off the tip of the
cap.
The service fluid bottle is for one time use only.
Remove the exhaust hose from the device’s service
fluid nozzle.
Insert the tip into nozzle and gently squeeze the
entire contents into the nozzle.
Never refill more than one bottle of Service Fluid at
a time.
Wipe off any spilled service fluid with a cloth.
Replace the exhaust hose.
Reconnect the charge line.
Press the reset button. The display will clear and the
device will return to its former operating mode.
Order a spare bottle service fluid at your local
dealer.
48
8. Appendix
8.
Appendix
8.1
Accessories and Spare Parts
Use only original equipment!
Use of unauthorized parts compromise safety and void
the warranty.
Description
Item number
Fuel cartridge M5 (2)
150 905 006
Fuel cartridge M10
150 905 008
Fuel-cartridge holder with belt FH1
150 905 002
Remote control with data line RC1
151 077 003
Frame for remote control
151 077 007
Surface mount for remote control
151 077 006
Data line DL1 (5 m)
151 075 003
Mounting plate
151 908 002
Belt
151 908 003
Charge line CL1
151 906 009
Exhaust hose EH1 (1.5 m)
000 999 674
Off-heat duct OD1
151 903 001
Off-heat flange and Off-heat bow
151 903 005
Off-heat tube
151 904 001
External face plate
151 903 013
Screw for fastening off heat flange
M4 x 10 (4 pieces)
000 992 629
User manual UM1
151 901 001
G-fuse 250 V 8 A m, 5 x 20 mm
151 906 001
(10 pieces)
Service-Kit
151 909 002
For further information on accessories and spare parts,
please ask you dealer.
49
8. Appendix
8.2
Output characteristic
U-I and U-P characteristic as per CE test
50
8. Appendix
51
8. Appendix
8.3
Material Safety Data Sheet Methanol
When working with methanol fuel cartridges, be sure to
comply with the following safety data sheet.
In case of accident or nausea, immediately seek medical
assistance and present this safety data sheet.
52
DR
Page 1/5
Safety Data Sheet
according to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31
Printing date 15.11.2007
Revision: 15.11.2007
1 Identification of the substance/preparation and of the company/undertaking
- Product details
- Trade name: METHANOL
- Application of the substance / the preparation Solvents
- Manufacturer/Supplier:
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Saenger-Ring 4
85649 Brunnthal
Tel.: +49 (0)89 673 592-0
Fax: +49 (0)89 673 592-169
- Further information obtainable from: Safety Department
- Department issuing MSDS: [email protected]
- Information in case of emergency: Giftnotruf München: +49 89/19 240
2 Hazards identification
- Hazard description:
T Toxic
F Highly flammable
- Information concerning to particular hazards to man and environment:
R 11
Highly flammable.
R 23/24/25
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if
swallowed.
3 Composition/information on ingredients
- Chemical characterization:
- CAS No. Description
67-56-1 methanol
- Identification number(s)
- EINECS Number: 200-659-6
- EU Number: 603-001-00-X
4 First-aid measures
- General information:
Immediately remove any clothing soiled by the product.
Remove breathing equipment only after contaminated clothing have been completely removed.
In case of irregular breathing or respiratory arrest provide artificial respiration.
- After inhalation:
Supply fresh air or oxygen; call for doctor.
In case of unconsciousness place patient stably in side position for transportation.
- After skin contact:
After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of soap and water.
If skin irritation continues, consult a doctor.
- After eye contact:
In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
- After swallowing:
Fresh air. Induce vomiting. Make victim drink ethanol (e.g. 1 drinking glass of a 40% alcoholic beverage).
Call in physician, mentioning methanol ingestion.
EU
(Contd. on page 2)
DR
Page 2/5
Safety Data Sheet
according to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31
Printing date 15.11.2007
Revision: 15.11.2007
Trade name: METHANOL
(Contd. of page 1)
5 Fire-fighting measures
- Suitable extinguishing agents:
CO2, powder or water spray. Fight larger fires with water spray or alcohol resistant foam.
- Special hazards caused by the substance, its products of combustion or resulting gases:
Can form explosive gas-air mixtures.
Formation of toxic gases is possible during heating or in case of fire.
- Protective equipment:
Wear self-contained respiratory protective device.
Do not inhale explosion gases or combustion gases.
- Additional information
Cool endangered receptacles with water spray.
Dispose of fire debris and contaminated fire fighting water in accordance with official regulations.
6 Accidental release measures
- Person-related safety precautions:
Wear protective equipment. Keep unprotected persons away.
Ensure adequate ventilation
Keep away from ignition sources.
- Measures for environmental protection:
Prevent seepage into sewage system, workpits and cellars.
Inform respective authorities in case of seepage into water course or sewage system.
- Measures for cleaning/collecting:
Ensure adequate ventilation.
Absorb with liquid-binding material (sand, diatomite, acid binders, universal binders, sawdust).
Dispose of the material collected according to regulations.
- Additional information: Fumes can combine with air to form an explosive mixture.
7 Handling and storage
- Handling:
- Information for safe handling:
Keep receptacles tightly sealed.
Ensure good interior ventilation, especially at floor level. (Fumes are heavier than air).
- Information about fire - and explosion protection:
Keep ignition sources away - Do not smoke.
Protect against electrostatic charges.
- Storage:
- Requirements to be met by storerooms and receptacles:
Store in a cool location.
Store only in the original receptacle.
- Information about storage in one common storage facility: Store away from foodstuffs.
- Further information about storage conditions:
Keep receptacle tightly sealed.
Store under lock and key and with access restricted to technical experts or their assistants only.
Store under lock and key and out of the reach of children.
Protect from heat and direct sunlight.
8 Exposure controls/personal protection
- Additional information about design of technical facilities: No further data; see item 7.
(Contd. on page 3)
EU
DR
Page 3/5
Safety Data Sheet
according to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31
Printing date 15.11.2007
Revision: 15.11.2007
Trade name: METHANOL
(Contd. of page 2)
- Ingredients with limit values that require monitoring at the workplace:
67-56-1 methanol
AGW (Germany)
270 mg/m³, 200 ppm
4(II);DFG, EU, H, Y
IOELV (European Union) 260 mg/m³, 200 ppm
Skin
WEL (Great Britain)
Short-term value: 333 mg/m³, 250 ppm
Long-term value: 266 mg/m³, 200 ppm
Sk
- Additional information: The lists valid during the making were used as basis.
- Personal protective equipment:
- General protective and hygienic measures:
Keep away from foodstuffs, beverages and feed.
Immediately remove all soiled and contaminated clothing
Avoid contact with the eyes and skin.
- Respiratory protection: Use suitable respiratory protective device in case of insufficient ventilation.
- Protection of hands:
Protective gloves (EN 374)
The glove material has to be impermeable and resistant to the product/ the substance/ the preparation.
Due to missing tests no recommendation to the glove material can be given for the product/ the preparation/
the chemical mixture.
Selection of the glove material on consideration of the penetration times, rates of diffusion and the
degradation
- Material of gloves
The selection of the suitable gloves does not only depend on the material, but also on further marks of quality
and varies from manufacturer to manufacturer.
- Penetration time of glove material
The exact break trough time has to be found out by the manufacturer of the protective gloves and has to be
observed.
- Eye protection: Tightly sealed goggles
- Body protection: Use protective suit.
9 Physical and chemical properties
- General Information
Form:
Colour:
Odour:
Fluid
Colourless
Alcohol-like
- Change in condition
Melting point/Melting range: -98°C
Boiling point/Boiling range: 64°C
- Flash point:
11°C
- Ignition temperature:
455°C
- Danger of explosion:
Product is not explosive. However, formation of explosive air/vapour
mixtures are possible.
- Explosion limits:
Lower:
Upper:
5,5 Vol %
44 Vol %
- Vapour pressure at 20°C:
128 hPa
- Density at 20°C:
0,79 g/cm³
(Contd. on page 4)
EU
DR
Page 4/5
Safety Data Sheet
according to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31
Printing date 15.11.2007
Revision: 15.11.2007
Trade name: METHANOL
(Contd. of page 3)
- Solubility in / Miscibility with
Fully miscible.
water:
10 Stability and reactivity
- Thermal decomposition / conditions to be avoided: Protect from heat and direct sunlight.
- Dangerous reactions Forms explosive gas mixture with air.
- Dangerous decomposition products:
No dangerous products of decomposition if used and stored according to specifications.
11 Toxicological information
- Acute toxicity:
- LD/LC50 values relevant for classification:
67-56-1 methanol
Oral LD50 13000 mg/kg (rat)
- Primary irritant effect:
- on the skin: No irritant effect.
- on the eye: No irritating effect.
- Sensitization: No sensitizing effects known.
12 Ecological information
- General notes:
Water hazard class 1 (German Regulation) (Assessment by list): slightly hazardous for water
Do not allow undiluted product or large quantities of it to reach ground water, water course or sewage
system.
13 Disposal considerations
- Product:
- Recommendation Disposal must be made according to official regulations.
- European waste catalogue
07 00 00 WASTES FROM ORGANIC CHEMICAL PROCESSES
07 01 00 wastes from the manufacture, formulation, supply and use (MFSU) of basic organic chemicals
07 01 04 other organic solvents, washing liquids and mother liquors
- Uncleaned packaging:
- Recommendation: Disposal must be made according to official regulations.
- Recommended cleansing agents: Water, if necessary together with cleansing agents.
14 Transport information
- Land transport ADR/RID (cross-border)
3 (FT1) Flammable liquids.
- ADR/RID class:
- Danger code (Kemler): 336
1230
- UN-Number:
II
- Packaging group:
3+6.1
- Hazard label
(Contd. on page 5)
EU
DR
Page 5/5
Safety Data Sheet
according to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31
Printing date 15.11.2007
Revision: 15.11.2007
Trade name: METHANOL
(Contd. of page 4)
- Description of goods: 1230 METHANOL
- Limited quantities (LQ) LQ0
2
- Transport category
- Tunnel restriction code D1E
- Maritime transport IMDG:
3
- IMDG Class:
1230
- UN Number:
3+6.1
- Label
II
- Packaging group:
F-E,S-D
- EMS Number:
- Proper shipping name: METHANOL
- Air transport ICAO-TI and IATA-DGR:
3
- ICAO/IATA Class:
1230
- UN/ID Number:
3+6.1
- Label
II
- Packaging group:
- Proper shipping name: METHANOL
15 Regulatory information
- Labelling according to EU guidelines:
The product has been classified and marked in accordance with EU Directives / Ordinance on Hazardous
Materials.
- Code letter and hazard designation of product:
T Toxic
F Highly flammable
- Risk phrases:
11
Highly flammable.
23/24/25
Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
39/23/24/25 Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if
swallowed.
- Safety phrases:
1/2 Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
7
Keep container tightly closed.
16
Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking.
36/37 Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves.
45
In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
- National regulations:
- Waterhazard class: Water hazard class 1 (Assessment by list): slightly hazardous for water.
16 Other information
This information is based on our present knowledge. However, this shall not constitute a guarantee for any
specific product features and shall not establish a legally valid contractual relationship.
EU
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG
Eugen-Sänger-Ring 4
D-85649 Brunnthal-Nord
Hotline: +49 89 673 5920
Freecall: 00800 732 762 78*
Fax: +49 89 673 592 369
[email protected]
www.efoy.com
UM1-GB 080122 User Manual. Copyright by SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG 2007. All rights reserved. Subject to change without notice.
*The toll-free number is available in the following
countries: Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Great
Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Sweden,
Switzerland and Spain.
efoy.com
©EFOY is a registrated trademark of SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG.
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