Yamaha | QX21 | Owner's Manual | Yamaha QX21 Owner's manual

Yamaha QX21 Owner's manual
YAMAHA
DIGITAL SEQUENCE RECORDER
OWNER'S MANUAL
SUPPLEMENTAL MARKING INFORMATION
Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument Products will have either a label similar to the graphic shown below or a molded/stamped
facsimile of the graphic on its enclosure. The explanation of these graphics appears on this page. Please observe all cautions
indicated.
RISK QF ELECTRIC SHOCK.
DO NOT OPEN
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF
ELECTRIC SHOCK DO NOT REMOVE
COVER (OR BACK). NO USER-SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL
SEE BOTTOM OF UNIT FOR GRAPHIC SYMBOL MARKINGS.
The Exclamation point within an equila-
teral triangie is intended to alert the user
to the presence of important operating
and maintenance (servicing) instructions
in the literature accompanying the pro-
duct.
/\
The lightning flash with arrowhead sym-
bol, within an equilateral triangle, is in-
tended to alert the user to the presence
of uninsulated “dangerous voltage”
within the product's enclosure that may
be of sufficient magnitude to constitute
a risk of electric shock to persons.
SPECIAL MESSAGE SECTION
ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE (RFI): Your Yamaha
Digital Musical Instrument Product has been type tested and
found to comply with all applicable regulations. However,
ifitis installed in the immediate proximity of other electronic
devices, some form of interference may occur. For additional
RFI information see FCC information section located in this
manual.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: This product has been tested and
approved by independent safety testing laboratories in order
that you may be sure that when it is properly installed and
used in its normal and customary manner, all foreseeable
risks have been eliminated. DO NOT modify this unit or
commission others to do so unless specifically authorized
by Yamaha. Product performance and/or safety standards
may be diminished. Claims filed under the expressed war-
ranty may be denied if the unitis/has been modified. Implied
warranties may also be affected.
SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information
contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time
of printing. Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify
specifications at any time without notice or obligation to
update existing units.
NOTICE: Service charges incurred due to a lack of know-
ledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the
unit is operating as designed), are not covered by the
manufacturer’s warranty. Please study this manual carefully
before requesting service.
NAME PLATE LOCATION: The graphic below indicates the
location of the Name Plate on your Yamaha Digital Musical
Instrument. The Model, Serial Number, Power requirements,
etc., are indicated on this plate. You should note the model,
serial number and the date of purchase in the spaces pro-
vided below and retain this manual as a permanent record
of your purchase.
NE EE ==
STATIC ELECTRICITY CAUTION: Some Yamaha Digital
Musical Instrument products have modules that plug into the
unit to perform various functions. The contents of a plug-in
module can be altered/damaged by static electricity dis-
charges. Static electricity build-ups are more likely to occur
during cold winter months (or in areas with very dry cli-
mates) when the natural humidity is low. To avoid possible
damage to the plug-in module, touch any metal object (a
metal desk lamp, a door knob, etc.) before handling the
module. !f static electricity is a problem in your area, you
may want to have your carpet treated with a substance that
reduces static electricity build-up. See your local carpet
retailer for professional advice that relates to your specific
situation.
Model
Serial No.
Purchase Date
This information on safety is provided to comply with U.S.A. laws, but should be observed by users in all countries.
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations on your purchase of a Yamaha OX21 Digital Sequence Recorder! Your QX21 Digital
Sequence Recorder offers high-performance 2-track digital sequencing in any MIDI-based digital music
system. The QX21 is capable of recording anything you play on any Yamaha DX synthesizer or other
MIDI keyboard — complete with touch response and function parameters such as pitch bend, modulation,
etc. The things you record will be true to life. You can also write in notes in the “step” mode, letting
you create pieces that would be impossible to play live. Overdubbing capability is practically unlimited,
and you can control more than one FM tone generator — say a DX11 Digital Programmable Algorithm
Synthesizer and a TX81Z FM Tone Generator — letting you sequence more than one voice at a time.
Furthermore, a range of useful editing and other control functions lets you modify and enhance your
compositions with ease. And there's a cassette interface so you can save all your hard work on a standard
cassette recorder for later use. |
The QX21 Digital Sequence Recorder can give you virtually unlimited capability for creative, digital
music production.
IMPORTANT
This manual is organized in tutorial form. Therefore, in order to fully understand all aspects of operating
the QX21, we urge you to go through the manual and try out each operation as it is described.
CONTENTS
PRECAUTIONS.....................reesvercerecaceacer ense nre etarra ena. 3 Metronome Mode.…....…........…......….crsecseraceaeneceenes sense snen se 17
Clock Select..….….......…..….....rrerrerocrenerenenserarenerensensrennennes 17
CONNECTIONS ...................e.eenseauvicorercenercarerorenerenarneacenemes 4 Song Position Pointer ..............-..—re—.. eee renee 18
PANEL CONTROLS ........................0ne2srunienvercer ene eee 5 UTILITY FUNCTIONS
After TOUCH ..............eenerervarcacsraverenterenencaverenre tercero ceo 19
BASIC RECORDING & EDITING PROCEDURES Control Change á Pitch Bend.......................e___.eem_.. 19
REAL TIME RECORDING .............e..eeermencierrarecareenevecaa 7 Key Velocity .............—e.—rr..cervreíerreverererrenere enenarernerere. 19
Erase..........._e——erererercereiororeenenrreraemeneeevenverenervesorenereeme. 8 Echo BACK .............ccccrcsseccrreerrrensenrenta care nracaren rar a re naees 19
Repeat..…...…................…csesreceucsesce caen rec cenenar rence ne career aa neue 9 Protect... ra 20
Overdubbing ......c.ooiii eran 9 Display MIDI Status....…..............crasrrcsasenc ane ee can cena cena 20
EXCHANGE .…...........ercscscrrencenreese rare see nee an een e sa can en cnn cannes 9 Save Temporary Buffer..…....…......…..….…………reriesaraeeseenss 21
Using the TRACK Butt Sr AA 10 Delete Channel) ers iin rein, 21
Track DOWN... eee reas 10 Ua Ze PT es 21
U EEE 000 11 Cassette Save/Verify/Load .................— reee ren ss 22
Delete Measure ..................errererccereererecenen en een ene. 11 Local Device Number ....................e.eeeervenacieriacrercere_ 23
Chair.............-...e=íiecieacievecervercenrte re n sen ras ane s aan ere nana e0000 11 Show Free Area................_.er.rmrieicenererermecerercararereree mea. 23
STEP RECORDING ...............e..ee2eeecevcencracerrenaconeneeee nee. 12
Footswitch STOP/START ....................e.ee2eeeeeenverienoereeo 14 ERROR MESSAGES... eae 24
SEQUENCING MULTIPLE TONE GENERATORS SPECIFICA TION Ser rere eee eens 25
Connecting Multiple Tone Generators .................—.._.... 15
МИ! Спаптле! Митбег 16 MIDI DATA FORM AT... rrr a 26
METRONOME/TIMING CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Beat/MeasuUre cco. R RER R RER R EA KER RR RETG 17
PRECAUTIONS
e Avoid placing the X21 in locations exposed to direct sunlight or high temperatures, excessively high or low
humidity, high dust concentrations, or vibration.
e Be sure to connect the QX21 to an AC power supply that meets the power supply specifications listed on the
rear of the unit.
® if there is any danger of lightning occurring nearby, remove the power plug from the wall socket in advance.
® Be sure to make all connections properly, as described in the “CONNECTIONS” section (next page).
® To avoid damaging your speakers and other playback equipment, turn off the power of all related equipment
before making connections.
® Do not use excessive force in handling control switches and knobs.
e To avoid broken cords and short circuits, be sure to unplug all connectors by grasping the respective plugs -
— NOT the cords.
* Remove the power plug from the AC mains socket.if the unit is not to be used for an extended period of time.
® Remove all plugs and connections if the unit is to be transported, to prevent damage to the cords and jacks.
® Do notuse solvents such as benzene or paint thinner to clean the unit. Do not use insecticides or other pressurized
spray products in proximity to the unit. Wipe off the exterior with soft cloth.
STORAGE OF DATA
e This unit is equipped with a back-up function for recorded data. However,
important data should be saved onto cassette tape before starting a new re-
cording.
EFFECTS ON OTHER ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
® Since this unit incorporates digital circuitry, simultaneous use of other equip-
ment such as TVs, radios, etc. in close proximity may cause noise and erroneous
operation. If this occurs, separate the affected units sufficiently to eliminate
the problem. If is also a good idea to use separate line filters on each piece —-
of equipment.
CONNECTIONS
This diagram represents the most basic system. For a multipie tone generator system see "SEQUENCING MULTIPLE
TONE GENERATORS” on page 15.
JETTE THRU
So +
Black
(not used)
White > EAR
Red > MIC
FOOTSWITCH
CASSETTE RECORDER
а E dE SP y ua = ==
9 9 85 Sépédépnébépogos
о à coscésaséésocdoe
EAN el EEE
|
1
N U E] Il
DX SYNTHESIZER
|
PANEL CONTROLS
o o © о © © Ф ®
»
YAMAHA remPO
<a = = H cb ch d db STAP/ P OT
- RESET STEP TRACK [2 RECORD CONTINUE START a “м
DIGITAL SEQUENCE RECORDER 2 é 5 ,
= ==] CIO CIES — ; 3
REALTIME REC =f] EXCHANGE JOB/STEP SIZE TIE REST
ve TONO x x EI
TRACK DOWN
Lilli E A Л =? p = ERASE + #1 DATA Ei LOAD VERIFY SAVE Г УП mc
Fa
CLOCK >} 5 Fa INSERT MEASURE CASSETTE SLOW AST
MID cabe DELETE
9 © O
1. LED Display
Indicates current measure as well as selected control functions and their selected values/modes. The flashing red
dot at the lower right hand corner of the display indicates the tempo currently set by the TEMPO control (11).
2. Job List and Indicators
The A and B lists printed on the panel correspond to the “Job” functions which can be called using the JOB/STEP
SIZE selectors (5). The LED indicator next to the “A” or “"B” list marking lights to indicate which list is active,
and the LEDs numbered 1 through 6—between the lists—light to indicate which job within the active list is currently
selected. Note that the lists also contain note length markings. These are used in the step recording mode to select
the note length to be recorded. Another two job lists—C and D, printed on the QX21 top panel—are actually available
and can be called using the JOB/STEP SIZE selectors in conjunction with the RESET button.
3. RESET Button mi
Pressing the RESET button causes the following:
— Recording or playback is interrupted.
— Measure 1 is selected.
— Job A-1 is selected.
— The step recording mode is exited.
— Cassette save, verify and load are interrupted.
4. STEP Button
This button activates the step recording mode.
5. JOBISTEP SIZE Selectors
These buttons are used In conjunction with the job A/C—B/D list and indicators (2) to select the desired Job
(function) or select the desired note length when recording in the step mode.
6. TRACK 1/TIE and TRACK 2/REST Buttons
These buttons select playback of the corresponding tracks. They also function as the tie and rest entry buttons
when recording in the step mode.
7. —Tand +1 DATAIMEASURE Selectors
These buttons increment and decrement through the measures of a recorded composition to facilitate editing. They
also permit selection of values for certain control functions.
8. RECORDILOAD Button
Activates the record mode. Also activates cassette load when the cassette job is active.
9. STOPICONTINUEIVERIFY Button
Stops or continues recording or playback. Also activates cassette verify when the cassette job is active.
10. STARTISAVE Button
Starts recording or playback. Also activates cassette save when the cassette job is active.
11. TEMPO Control
Sets the tempo for recording and playback.
BASIC RECORDING & EDITING PROCEDURES
Real time and step recording with the QX21 are remarkably simple procedures. But before you try recording anything,
make sure that the MIDI OUT from your keyboard is connected to the QX21 MIDI IN terminal, and that the MIDI
OUT from the QX21 is connected to the MIDI IN of your keyboard, as shown in the basic connection diagram
given on page 4. Also, note that with the QX21 YOU WILL ALWAYS RECORD ON TRACK 1.
Assuming that you are just starting and that nothing has been recorded in the QX21,
REAL TIME both TRACK LEDs will be out, as will the RECORD and START LEDs, and job
RECORDING A-1 (REALTIME REC) on the job lists will be selected. Set the TEMPO control
(Job A-1) for the desired tempo—indicated by the flashing dot at the lower right-hand corner
of the digital LED display. Press the RECORD button to activate the record standby
mode. The RECORD LED should now be lit, and the TRACK 1 LED should be
flashing. Now press the START button and the QX21 will give you a two-measure
count in: the metronome will beep 8 times (if 4/4 time, the default time signature, Pa
is selected) and the digital LED display will count from —8 to —1. All you have to
do is start playing on the keyboard from the first measure, using the metronome
as a rhythmic guide (note that the metronome beeps at a higher pitch on the first
beat of each measure). When you're finished, press the STOP/CONTINUE button
to exit the record mode. Note that if you press the STOP/CONTINUE button in the
middle of a measure, the record mode will be exited at the end of that measure.
Now, to hear what you have just recorded, simply press the START button. Tempo
can be adjusted during playback by using the TEMPO control. When playback
finishes the playback mode will be exited and the LED display will read in-
dicating the end of the recording.
RECORD PROCEDURE
1 Set tempo
TEMPO
РОТЕ ГИ
+ Dot flashes at set tempo
|
4
Na
o
rr y >
SLOW FAST
2 Activate record standby
RECORD LED lights — =
1 TRACK 2
CIC
LED flashes TIE REST
LOAD
с
3 Start recording
1
START
- I
-8|—— |-.!
SAVE | —— | —" | —— PLAY
|
L — 2.BAR COUNT-IN —
Erase (Job B-4)
4 Stop recording
STOP/
CONTINUE
Lo)
VERIFY
CASSE
NOTE:
The default time signature for real time and step recording is 4/4. Other time
signature can be selected using the Beats/Measure job described in the
METRONOME/-TIMING CONTROL FUNCTIONS section on page 17.
The ERASE “job” lets you erase all of track 1, or all track 1 data following a specified
measure. To erase what you have just recorded, first call the ERASE job (job B-4)
by pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector 4 times if you start with job A-1 active
(LEDs "B” and "4" will be lit}. The LED display will now alternately read and
the number of the currently selected measure or the end marking [JE You can
now use the —1 and +1 buttons to scroll through the recording (one press moves
one measure in the specified direction, while holding one of the buttons down scrolls
continuously in the specified direction) in order to specify the measure from which
you want to begin the erase operation. To erase the entire track, scroll to measure
1. To erase everything from measure 3 onwards, scroll to measure 3. Press the START
button to actually execute the erase operation. To cancel the ERASE job without
executing the ERASE operation, simply press RESET. If you erase the entire track
the TRACK 1 LED will go out, indicting that there is no more data in the track.
Once ERASE has been executed, the QX21 will automatically return to the stop
mode and job A-1 will be selected.
ERASE PROCEDURE
1 Select job B-4
co = ES
вто
2 Select measure to erase from
IC =» Y
—1 DATA +1
«4 MEASURE »
3 Execute erase job
3
START
SAVE
Repeat (Job A-4)
Overdubbing
Exchange (Job B-1)
Recorded material can be automatically repeated from 1 to 99 times by setting the
REPEAT Job (job A-4). First, call the REPEAT job by pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE
A/C selector 3 times (LEDs “A” and “4” will be lit). The LED display will now
alternately display [= =), indicating that the REPEAT job has been called, and
indicating that REPEAT is OFF. Press the +1 button once to turn REPEAT ON (ar)
for endless repeat. Subsequent presses on the +1 button select 1, 2, 3.....99 repeats.
The -1 button can be used to scroll backwards through the REPEAT numbers,
and turn REPEAT OFF if desired. Of course, the +1 and -1 buttons may be held
to scroll quickly through the REPEAT numbers. Once the desired number of repeats
has been set you can return to job A-1 using the JOB/STEP SIZE A/C selector,
or simply by pressing the RESET button.
REPEAT PROCEDURE
1 Select repeat job
=
A
2 Turn repeat on
(CCA) mu) _
—1 DATA +1 Or
«li MEASURE
3 Set number of repeats
—1 DATA +1
4 MEASURE +
== Ы 0! - (99
4 Return to job A-1
RESET
Overdubbing—recording one track over another—on the QX21 is accomplished by
using two jobs: EXCHANGE and TRACK DOWN. Both functions are described
below. EXCHANGE, however, is used for the first overdub only, while TRACK
DOWN is used for all subsequent overdubs.
Although using the EXCHANGE job is the first step in overdubbing over the first
recorded track, it is also useful in several other situations. Basically, all EXCHANGE
does is to interchange the data on tracks 1 and 2: the data from track 1 is moved
to track 2, while the data on track 2 is moved to track 1. For the purpose of ov-
erdubbing, the EXCHANGE job is called (press JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector once
from job A-1) after recording the first track on TRACK 1. When the EXCHANGE
job is called the LED display will read [£L]. Execute the EXCHANGE job by pressing
the START button. You can cancel the EXCHANGE job prior to executing by pressing
Using the TRACK
Buttons
™ Track Down (Job B-3)
RESET. The material you recorded on TRACK 1 will naw be on TRACK 2 (the TRACK
2 LED will light), and since TRACK 2 was empty, TRACK 1 will now be empty
and its LED will go out. If you now play the recording by pressing the START button,
you will actually be hearing TRACK 2. Now to overdub the second track, simply
follow the normal real time record process: press RECORD and then PLAY. You
will now be able to record the second track—on TRACK 1—while listening to the
first track which is now on Track 2. Press STOP/CONTINUE when you're finished.
To hear both tracks played together, simply press START.
Since some operations can only be carried out on data on TRACK 1, the EXCHANGE
job is also used to swap tracks in order to perform some operation—ERASE, for
example—on the TRACK 2 data. The normal track positions can then be resumed
by executing EXCHANGE again.
EXCHANGE PROCEDURE
1 Select exchange job
cr
=) = EC
2 Execute exchange job
=
START
dr LED lights
=) TRACK 2
Ca Г |, (С)
SAVE LED 7 TE REST
goes out
When a track contains data, the corresponding TRACK button can be used to turn
that track on or off. This is handy when both tracks contain data, but you want
to listen to only the material recorded on one track. Pressing the TRACK button
alternates between the ON and OFF modes: LED ON = track ON.
This job is only used when both TRACK 1 and 2 contain data, such as prior to
recording a third overdub. The TRACK DOWN job combines (mixes) the data on
TRACK 1 and TRACK 2, and places the result on TRACK 2. TRACK 1 is left empty.
Now, supposing you have recorded your first two tracks and have data on both
TRACK 1 and TRACK 2, call the TRACK DOWN job by pressing the JOB/STEP
SIZE B/D selector three times (LEDs “B” and “3” will be lit). The LED display
will read EER indicating that the TRACK DOWN job is active. Execute the job by
pressing the START button (or cancel by pressing RESET). The TRACK 1 indicator
will go out, and tracks 1 and 2 will now be combined on TRACK 2. Verify this by
playing TRACK 2. The third overdub can now be recorded on TRACK 1 in the normal
way. Subsequent overdubs are all carried out in the same fashion: using REAL
TIME REC and TRACK DOWN.
10
Insert (Job B-5)
Delete Measure
(Job B-6)
E.
ina
Chain (Job B-2)
TRACK DOWN
TRACKY [7 Geeo ZA
rrackz AMIENS
4 EXECUTE TRACK DOWN JOB
TRACK 1
TRACK 2 SERRES 2 DON
TRACK 1 + TRACK 2
This job allows material recorded on TRACK 1 to be inserted anywhere in TRACK
2. Suppose that you have recorded and overdubbed eight measures of music, and
that TRACK DOWN has been used so that all data now resides on TRACK 2. You
can now add a few bars between measures 4 and 5 of the TRACK 2 data in the
following way: +
Record the material to be inserted on TRACK 1, then call the INSERT job by pressing
the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector 5 times (LEDs “B” and “5” will be lit). The LED
display will now alternately read Lor) indicating that the INSERT job is active, and
the currently selected measure number. Use the -1 and +1 buttons to scroll to
the measure immediately following the insert point 5 in this case (i.e. the new
material will be inserted prior to the selected measure). Press START to execute
the insert, or RESET to cancel. The insert material recorded on TRACK 1 is not erased
when the INSERT job is executed.
TRACK1 [002
TRACK2 RÑÍ|ÍÓS D
J EXECUTE INSERT JOB
TRACK1 |p /OOO 4
TRACK? SS ANN
This job makes it possible to delete any specified measure on TRACK 1. Simply
call the DELETE job by pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector 6 times from
the stop mode (LEDs "B” and “6” on the job list will be lit). The LED display will
now alternately read indicating that the DELETE job is active, and the currently
selected measure number. Select the TRACK 1 measure to be deleted using the
—1 and +1 buttons, then execute the DELETE by pressing START (or cancel by
pressing RESET).
The CHAIN job appends the data on TRACK 1 onto the end of TRACK 2. Call the
CHAIN job by pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector twice from job A-1 (LEDs
“B” and “2” will be lit). The LED display will read indicating that the CHAIN
job, is active. Press the START button to execute the CHAIN job, or press RESET
to cancel. The data on TRACK 1 is not erased.
11
|
= In the step recording mode, notes, chords and rests are input one at a time from
S TEP RECORDING the recording keyboard, the note length of each being determined by the STEP
SIZE setting. Since the data is not entered in real time, this mode is ideal for entering
extremely fast or complex lines which would be impossible to play in real time.
The step recording mode is activated by pressing the STEP button. The TRACK 1
indicator will light, the STEP indicator will flash, and the current measure number
(or end mark) will be displayed on the digital LED display. If TRACK 1 contains
no data you will automatically begin recording from the first measure. If, however,
you will begin recording from a specific measure within or at the end of al-
ready -recorded material, use the —1 and +1 buttons at this point to locate the
measure from which you will begin recording.
The actual length of the each note entered is specified using the JOB/STEP SIZE
selectors and the note markings on the job lists. The available note lengths are:
A-1 = Л 1/16 note.
A-2 = A 1/32 note.
A-3 = J 1/64 note.
A-4 = "A 1/32 note triplet.
A-5 = "A 1/16 note triplet.
A-6 = ‘M 1/8 note triplet.
B-1 = J) 1/8 note.
B-2 = , 1/4 note.
B-3 = J}, 1/64 note with 100% gate time.
B-4 = An 1/32 note with 100% gate time.
B-5 = JM. 1/16 note with 100% gate time.
; B-6 = 1/8 note with 100% gate time.
NOTE:
Normal note gate time is 80%. The 100% gate time notes are used to create
legato phrasings.
WT EERSTE RR CLE Tare meet oem tet .-
To begin actual recording, press the RECORD button—the RECORD indicator will
> light—and then the START button—the START indicator will light. The QX21 is
| now waiting for you to input the first note. To record, first select the desired note
; length—just as you normally select different jobs—using the JOB/STEP SIZE se-
lectors, play the appropriate note or chord on the keyboard, select the next note
length, play the next note or chord on the keyboard......and so on. The measure
count will be updated as you “fill” each measure with notes, chords and rests.
The dots at the bottom of the LED display indicate which beat of the current measure
is being entered.
| 1st beat 2nd beat 3rd beat 4th beat
12
All the available note lengths can be entered as rests simply by pressing the REST
button instead of playing a note or chord on the keyboard. The +1 button can be
used at any point during a measure to fill the remainder of the measure with rests
and skip to the beginning of the next measure. If the +1 button is pressed at the
beginning of a measure, a full measure rest will be entered. The —1 button can
be used to return to the beginning of the current measure in order to re-enter the
data for that measure. |
Notes or rests can be tied to the following note or rest, of any length, using the
TIE button. Only notes of the same pitch can be tied together. For example, to tie
a 1/16 note to another 1/16 note, enter the first 1/16 note, then press the T1E button.
This effectively creates an 1/8 note (two tied 1/16 notes). A 1/4 note could be
tied to an 1/8 note by first entering the 1/4 note, selecting the 1/8 note length
on the job lists, then pressing the TIE button. This will give you the equivalent of
a dotted 1/4 note. Naturally, notes can be tied across the measure lines. When
you are finished recording press the STOP/CONTINUE button. Press START to
hear what you have recorded.
*When entering single notes in the step write mode, be sure to enter ONE NOTE
AT A TIME! If you play a second note while the previous note is still held, both
notes will be entered as a chord on the same beat.
STEP RECORD PROCEDURE
1 Select STEP RECORDING Mode
9
RECORD
Es
= = [J
LOAD
2 Select Length of Step to be Entered
JOB/STEP SIZE
î DI ) Selected step length (STEP SIZE) is displayed on job
AC ЧО chart.
3 Enter Note, Chord or Rest
Play note or chord on keyboard, go back to 2 and
select the next STEP SIZE, enter next note or chord,
and so on.
Press = to enter a rest of the current step size.
The measure count on the digital LED display will be updated as you fill each
measure with notes, chords or rests.
4 Tied Notes and Rests
(CS) Press to tie the previously entered note or rest to
TE another note or rest.
13
e
Te
*
Footswitch
STOPISTART
E.9.: to enter J, (this equals, ))
a) select step size B-2 (1/4 note).
b) enter note.
C) select step size B-1 (1/8 note).
d) press =.
*Notes can only be tied to notes of the same pitch. Rests can only be tied to rests.
5 End Recording and Play Back
STOP/
um
CONTINUE START
VERIFY SAVE
CASSETTE
À footswitch such as the Yamaha FC4 or FC5 plugged into the rear-panel FOOT
SW jack can be used to activate the QX21's record/play START and STOP functions.
If the footswitch is pressed while the QX21 is in the normai stop mode, playback
will begin. Press the footswitch a second time to stop playback. If the QX21 is in
the record standby mode (RECORD indicator ON), however, pressing the footswitch
will begin recording. Press the footswitch a second time to stop recording.
14
SEQUENCING MULTIPLE TONE GENERATORS
Connecting Multiple
Tone Generators
With the QX21 it is possible to sequence more than one tone generator at a time—up
to a total of 16—by setting different MIDI recording channel numbers for each “part”
which is to be played by a different voice. Since the data for all voices is output
from the QX21's single MIDI OUT terminal, the tone generators used must be ;
“daisy-chained” together using their MIDI THROUGH terminals. A practical mui-
ti-voice setup using the Yamaha DX11 synthesizer (as recording keyboard and
one tone generator) and one or more Yamaha TX81Z FM TONE GENERATOR units
is shown in the following system diagram.
AUDIO
OUT
QX21
SEQUENCER
» то r
> AUDIO
MIXER
AUDIO
OUT
AN Aa от
TX81Z
(MIDI RCV CH.2)
TX817
(MIDI RCV CH.3)
| 2 ВС) вета |
MIDI MID!
IN THRU
|r =
Ea. a A
FF НЫ O -
- A Jem me
mins 4 MIDI MIDI MIDI
IN OUT IN THRU
MIDI
THRU
> 556 Gepépépéopsgnnen
AR BREHTESESSERSÄARR
DX
SYNTHESIZER
(MIDI RCV CH.1)
A Multiple Tone Generator System
TO NEXT
TONE
GENERATOR A
yw
(If you want to use more than 4 tone Generators
use the YAMAHA YMES8 MIDI Expander to avoid
delayed data transfer.)
MIDI Channel
Number
(Job A-6)
This job sets the MIDI channel number for material recorded in either the real time
or step recording modes. The power-on default mode is that the QX21 records
on the same channel as the MIDI transmit channel of the recording keyboard. To
independently sequence different tone generators, however, the respective parts
must be recorded using specific MIDI channel numbers, and the tone generators
set to receive only on the corresponding channels. For example, in a simple system
using a DX11 and one TZ81Z, when the DX11 receives on channel 1, the TX817
should be set to receive on channel 2. First you might record a bass line with the
QX21 RECORDING MIDI CHANNEL set to 1, and then a piano part with the
RECORDING MIDI CHANNEL set to 2. If your DX11 is then set to play a bass
voice and the TX81Z a piano voice, the respective parts will be played by the ap-
propriate voices when the QX21 is started.
To set the 0X21 RECORDING MIDI CHANNEL, first call job A-6 (you should know
how by now). The LED display will alternately read indicating that the MIDI
job is active, and indicating that the default "ALL CHANNELS” parameter is
selected. The —1 and +1 buttons are then used to select the desired MIDI channel
number: ALL > 1 >23... — 16. Press RESET to return to job A-1 once the
desired MIDI channel has been set.
* Remember that the MIDI channel number set for specific part MUST match the
MIDI channel number of the corresponding tone generator.
NOTE:
Muiti-timbral synthesizers and tone generators such as the DX11 and TX81Z
can act as up to eight independent instruments, each being controlled by a
different MIDI channel. This means that you can playback multi-part com-
positions using just one DX11 or TX81Z. See the owner's manual for your
synthesizer or tone generator.
16
METRONOME TIMING CONTROL FUNCTIONS
Beat/Measure
(Job A-2)
Metronome Mode
(Job A-3)
Clock Select
(Job A-5)
This job makes it possible to set the OX21 to record at different time signatures.
The number of metronome beats per measure are adjusted accordingly. Call the
BEAT/MEAS job, and the LED display will alternately read indicating that the
BEAT/MEAS job is active, and the currently selected BEAT/MEAS value. The default
is 4 (4/4 time). The —1 and +1 buttons are used to select the desired time signature.
The number shown on the LED display indicates the number of beats per bar. A
number alone indicates 1/4 notes, and a number with a dot at its lower right-hand
corner indicates 1/8 notes. The available values are: 1/4 through 16/4, and 1/8
through 16/8. Press RESET to return to job A-1 once the desired value has been
selected.
oi a ' = = IC
UL | |, Li, + г
1/4 2/4 3/4 16/4
! = nn Ie
A C., zZ Г.
1/8 2/8 3/8 — 16/8
This job makes it possible to set the QX21 metronome to operate during record
only (the default value), during record and play, at all times (in case you just need
a metronome), or not at all. Call the METRONOME job, and use the —1 and +1
buttons to select the desired mode. The LED display will alternately read in-
dicating that the METRONOME job is active, and the currently selected mode. The
available modes are:
= OFF
= RECORD
= RECORD & PLAY
= ALWAYS
Press RESET to return to the job A-1 once the desired mode has been selected.
Normally, the QX21 is synchronized to its internal clock signal, the speed of which
is controlled using the TEMPO control. In some applications, however, the QX21
can be synchronized to an external MIDI clock signal received at the MIDI IN
terminal. It might, for example, be useful to synchronize QX21 playback to the clock
signal from a MID! rhythm machine such as the Yamaha RX series Digital Rhythm
Programmers. The selection of internal or external clock contro! is made using the
CLOCK job. Call the CLOCK job and the LED display will alternately read
indicating that the CLOCK job is active, and the currently selected mode.
The desired mode is selected using the —1 and +1 buttons. The modes are:
Press RESET to return to job A-1 once the desired mode has been selected.
INTERNAL CLOCK
EXTERNAL CLOCK
17
F
Song Position Pointer
NOTE:
1. When the INTERNAL clock mode is selected, note resolution is 1/384
measure. When EXTERNAL is selected, note resolution is 1/96 measure.
2. The OX21 record/playback START and STOP functions can be activated
via the QX21's START and STOP buttons, a footswitch connected to the
QX21's rear-panel footswitch jack, or by an external MIDI START/STOP
signal received at the MIDI IN terminal, whether the QX21 is in the IN-
TERNAL or EXTERNAL clock mode.
3. The 0X21 may be made to record under EXTERNAL clock synchronization.
With the EXTERNAL ctock mode selected and the QX21 set to RECORD,
recording will begin immediately when the externai clock START signal
is received.
The QX21 transmits SONG POSITION POINTER data during playback and re-
cording. This data synchronizes the SONG POSITION (current measure) of an
external Yamaha RX21 or RX21L Digital Rhythm Programmer or other MIDI
equipment which is capable of receiving SONG POSITION POINTER data to that
of the QX21.
For example, QX21 play back or recording can be started from any measure, and
the connected Digital Rhythm Programmer will play back from the corresponding
measure,
18
UTILITY FUNCTIONS
SP í—rL———Ñ o Lo _
All the QX21's utility functions are contained within job lists C and D, which are not listed on the front panel but
are given on the QX21 top panel. These jobs are accessed by using the JOB/STEP SIZE selectors in conjunction
with the RESET button. For example, to call job C-3, hold the RESET button down while pressing the JOB/STEP
SIZE A/C button twice. To call job D-5, hold the RESET button while pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE button 5 times
(the first press switches from the A/C list to the first job of the B/D list).
This job determines whether the QX21 receives and records after touch data (MIDI
After Touch (Job C-1) status codes $An and $Dn). Call job C-1 by holding RESET and pressing the
JOB/STEP SIZE A/C selector 6 times (in order to scroll back to the first job). The
LED display will alternately read indicating that the AFTERTOUCH job is active,
and the currently selected mode. The —1 and +1 buttons are used to turn the function
ON or OFF. The default mode is OFF.
ot = After touch data not received. 7
After touch data receive enabled. -
Press RESET to return to Job A-1 after selection.
il
This job determines whether the QX21 receives and records control change and
Control Change pitch bend data (MID! status code $Bn and $En). Call job C-2 by holding RESET
& Pitch Bender and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE A/C selector once. The LED display will alternately
read indicating that the CONTROL CHANGE job is active, and the currently
(Job C-2) selected mode. The —1 and +1 buttons are used to turn the function ON or OFF.
The default mode is ON.
L
i
En
|
Control change data not received.
i
ñ Control change data receive enabled.
Cy
Press RESET to return to Job A-1 after selection.
Data with larger control number than 63 will be always received whether this
function is ON or OFF.
This job determines whether the QX21 receives and records key velocity (initial *
Key Velocity touch response) data. Call job C-3 by holding RESET and pressing the JOB/STEP
(Job C-3) SIZE A/C selector twice. The LED display will alternately read indicating that
the KEY VELOCITY job is active, and the currently selected mode. The -1 and
+1 buttons are used to turn the function ON or OFF. The default mode is ON.
i
Г.
I
Key velocity data not received.
Key velocity is fixed at $40
a
a
|
Key velocity data receive enabled.
Press RESET to return to Job A-1 after selection.
This job determines whether data received at the X21 MIDI IN terminal is to be
Echo Back output (“echoed”) as received via the MIDI QUT terminal. Call job C-4 by holding
(Job C-4) RESET and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE A/C selector 3 times. The LED display
will alternately read indicating that the ECHO BACK job is active, and the
currently selected mode. The —1 and +1 buttons are used to turn the function
ON or OFF. The default mode is OFF.
19
-
=
Press RESET to return to Job A-1 after selection.
Echo disabled.
Echo enabled.
чт
1
This function should be turned ON when the QX21 is used in a system in which
the recording keyboard has no internal tone generation system—such as the Yamaha
KX5 or KX76/88 keyboards—and the output of the QX21 1s driving a separate tone
generator such as the TX81Z. This enables the keyboard to “play” the tone generator
directly via the QX21 as shown in the following diagram.
КХ5 — ОХ21 — ТХ7 SYSTEM DIAGRAM
MB MIDI
IN OUT IN
MIDI
OUT
=D [AE me] YY ON ax21 TX812
= Г SEQUENCER FM TONE GENERATOR
| Eo |
KX5
KEYBOARD
Protect
(Job C-5)
Display MIDI status
(Job C-6)
фр Зе С
Sea Es
QX21 ECHO BACK
must be ON.
When ON, this job prevents alteration of data residing in the QX21 memory (tracks
1 and 2, and the temporary buffer). The default mode is OFF. Call job C-5 by holding
the RESET button while pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE A/C selector 4 times. The
LED display will alternately read indicating that the MEMORY PROTECT job
IS active, and the currently selected mode. The —1 and +1 buttons turn MEMORY
PROTECT OFF and ON.
on = Memory protect ON.
Memory protect OFF.
Press RESET to return to job A-1 after selection. If you attempt to RECORD, TRACK
DOWN, CHAIN, EXCHANGE, ERASE, or perform any other memory -altering
function while MEMORY PROTECT is ON, the GX21 will respond with
("memory protected” display) and issue a warning “beep”.
I
Г,
||
Activating this job forces the QX21 to function as a MIDI status monitor rather than
a sequencer. in other words, MIDI data received at the MIDI IN terminal will be
displayed in hexadecimal form on the QX21's LED display. This function is pati-
cularly handy for monitoring MIDI signal status in a MIDI misic system, trouble -
shooting, MIDI system research, etc. The default mode for this job is OFF.
Call job C-6 by holding the RESET button while pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE
A/C selector 5 times. The LED display will alternately read indicating that the
DISPLAY MIDI STATUS job has been called, and the currently selected mode.
Use the —1 and +1 buttons to turn the function OFF and ON.
= Normal QX21 operation.
= MIDI status monitor operation.
20
If ON is selected, press the RESET button to clear the LED display and begin op-
eration as a MIDI status monitor. Job C-6 must be recalled and set to OFF to resume
normal QX21 operation. If OFF is selected, pressing RESET returns to job A-1.
As we discovered in the Quantize section, above, the QX21 has a temporary buffer
Save Temporary memory. Executing this job swaps the contents of TRACK 1 and the temporary
Buffer buffer, recalling the temporary buffer data into TRACK 1, and saving the TRACK
1 data in the temporary buffer. In addition to allowing you to recall the original
(Job D-1) data after a quantize operation, the temporary buffer is also useful in a number of
editing situations. Suppose, for example, that you have a phrase which will occur
more than once during the course of a composition. This phrase can be created
and saved in the temporary buffer using the SAVE TEMPORARY BUFFER job. It
can then be recalled and chained onto or inserted into the data on TRACK 2 as
needed. Call job D-1 by holding the RESET button and pressing the JOB/STEP
SIZE B/D selector once. The LED display will read and the TRACK 1 indicator
will flash. Pressing the START button then actually executes the SAVE TEMPO-
RARY BUFFER job, or RESET to cancel.
This job makes it possible to delete a single MIDI channel from a multi-channel
Delete Channel recording (refer to “SEQUENCING MULTIPLE TONE GENERATORS” section). -
(Job D-2) Since material recorded on other MIDI channels is left intact, this function eliminates
the need to redo an entire recording if only one channel is not satisfactory.
Call job D-2 by holding the RESET button and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D
selector twice. The LED display will read [cc]. Then use the -1 and +1 buttons
to select the number of the MIDI channel to be deleted (1 ~ 16). Finally, press
the START button to delete the selected channel.
With this job it is possible to correct “off-time” notes entered in the real time record
Quantize (Job D-3) mode by forcing ali notes to fall on the nearest “quantize” unit. The available quantize
values are: 1/4, 1/6, 1/8, 1/12, 1/16 and 1/24 notes.
For example, if a phrase in which the smallest note length is 1/8 notes has been
entered in the real time record mode, and some of the notes are a little off-time—i.e.
the notes do not fall precisely on 1/8th measure increments—the phrase can be
quantized to 1/8 causing all the notes to fall into perfect time.
The QUANTIZE job can be used only on data which is on TRACK 1. First, call job amy,
D-3 by holding the RESET button and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector
3 times. The LED display will alternately read indicating that the QUANTIZE
job is active, and the currently selected value. Use the —1 and +1 buttons to select
the desired value. Pressing the START button then actually executes the QUANTIZE
job, or RESET to cancel. The quantized data is left on TRACK 1. To give you a second
chance just in case quantizing ruins your recording, the data is stored in the QX21's
temporary buffer memory prior to quantizing. The data in the temporary buffer can
be recalled to TRACK 1 using the SAVE TEMPORARY BUFFER job (job D-1)
described above.
NOTE:
The selected quantize value must be equal to or smaller than the smallest note
length contained in the data to be quantized, otherwise random omission of
notes or changes in note length may occur (thus the temporary buffer save
operation!).
21
Cassette Save/
Verify/Load
(Job D-4)
This job incorporates the cassette save, verify and load functions which permit you
to save your QX21 compositions on standard cassette tape and load them whenever
they are needed. To use the cassette interface, make sure that the cassette cable
is properly connected to the QX21's CASSETTE DIN connector and the cassette
recorder’s earphone and microphone connectors (see page 4).
To perform any cassette operation, it is first necessary to call the CASSETTE TAPE
job. Call job D-4 by holding the RESET button and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE
B/D selector 4 times. The LED display will read indicating that the CASSETTE
TAPE job is active. Any of the three available cassette functions—LOAD, VERIFY
and SAVE—are then activated by pressing the corresponding button:
RECORD/LOAD, STOP/CONTINUE/VERIFY or START/SAVE. The three functions
will be covered separately below.
SAVE
This function saves the contents of the QX21 memory to cassette tape. First call
the CASSETTE TAPE job, start the cassette recorder running in the record mode,
then press the SAVE button. The LED display will read indicating that the SAVE
operation is being performed. The QX21 will beep once for each data block (256
bytes) which is saved. When the data has been saved the QX21 will automatically
revert to job A-1.
VERIFY
This function reads the data on the cassette tape and compares it to the data in
the QX21 memory, “verifying” that the preceding SAVE operation was accomplished
with no data errors. The VERIFY function should always be used to ensure the
integrity of your saved data. First, rewind the cassette tape to the beginning of
the file to be verified (the file you just saved). Call the CASSETTE TAPE job, start
the cassette recorder running in the play mode, then press the VERIFY button.
The LED display will read while the QX21 is searching for the beginning of
the file, to indicate that it is reading the file, and finally either If the data
is OK, or if the cassette data does not match the 0X21 memory data. The
QX21 will beep once for each data block (256 bytes) which is received. If an error
is encountered, try saving the memory contents again.
LOAD
This function lets you load a previously SAVEd file back into the QX21 memory
from a cassette tape. First, rewind the cassette tape to the beginning of the file
to be loaded, call the CASSETTE TAPE job, and press the LOAD button. The LED
display will read while the QX21 is searching for the beginning of the file,
to indicte that it is loading the file, and when the file has been loaded the QX21
will show ot. The 0X21 wili beep once for each data block (256 bytes) which
IS received.
NOTE:
1. if a data error is encountered during Verify or Load, the OX21 will sound
alternate high and low beeps.
2. Yamaha QX7 Digital Sequence Recorder cassette tape data is fully com-
patible with the QX21, and may be loaded and used with the QX21 as
described above.
22
This job specifies the MIDI channel to be used by the QX21 for MID! SYSTEM
Local Device EXCLUSIVE DATA communication, and permits dumping all QX21 track memory
Number data via the MIDI OUT terminal. Call job D-5 by holding the RESET button while
pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D selector 5 times. The LED display will alternately
(Job D-5) read indicating that the LOCAL DEVICE NUMBER job is active, and the
currently selected channel number (normally 1). Use the —1 and +1 buttons to
select the desired MIDI channel number (1 through 16). Press the START button
while in this mode to initiate a bulk dump of the data contained in the currentiy
selected track. The LED display will read while track 1 is being dumped, and
[2] while track 2 is being dumped. Press RESET to return to job A-1.
NOTE:
Since QX7 Digital Sequence Recorder data is fully compatible with the 0X21,
QX7 data may be directly dumped onto the QX21, and vice versa.
This job provides an indication of how much free memory space is available for
Show Free Area further recording. |
(Job D-6) Call job D-6 by holding the RESET button and pressing the JOB/STEP SIZE B/D 4
selector 6 times. The LED display will alternately read and the remaining memory =
space as a number between 0 and 99. “99” indicates that nothing has been recorded
and the entire QX21 memory is available. The smaller the number the less memory
space remains. “0” indicates that the memory is full.
23
ERROR MESSAGES
The QX21 has a number of error messages it will flash at you (along with a warning “beep”) should something
go wrong. They are as followings:
E | MEMORY PROTECT
“тт
You have attempted to enter or change data while the memory protect function is ON.
1 MEMORY FULL
The QX21 memory is full and can accept no more data.
п | NEAR FULL
Indicates that remaining memory capacity is less than “1” (see Job D-6) during recording.
ci RECORD DATA ERROR
The QX21 has received record data it does not know how to deal with (illegal record data).
~ | ILLEGAL COMMAND
CA,
You have attempted to execute a job incorrectly.
& —| MID! HARDWARE ERROR
—
This message indicates a hardware problem such as ACIA overrun, framing error, etc.
E EIN MIDI DATA ERROR
Indicates that a checksum error has been encountered in MIDI reception.
L C| MEMORY VOLATILE ERROR
Fim)
Indicates that the memory backup system has failed.
24
SPECIFICATIONS
Memory Capacity ...............—.. eee. 8,100 notes (approx.) without velocity
6,000 notes (approx.) with velocity
Tempo Control... J = 40 ~ 250
Display .............e.ecereereiermercccoocanrrreceeonas 7 segment LED x 2
Connection Terminals ...................... MIDI IN, MIDI OUT, MIDI THRU, CASSETTE, FOOT Switch
Power Requirements ...............——w—.. U.S. and Canadian Models: AC120V 50/60 Hz
General Model: | AC220-240V
Power Consumption U.S. and Canadian Models: 10W
General Model: 10W
Dimensions (W x H XD)... 351 x 50 x 241 mm (13-5/6" x 2°x 9-1/2")
Weight... eee eee 2.3 kg (5 Ibs. 1 oz.)
* All specifications are subject to change without notice.
25
MIDI DATA FORMAT
_
1. RECEPTION CON-
DITIONS $8n note off
JOB C-3
$9n note on VELOCITY
oc»
STEP REC JOB C-1 sA Polvohonic af
~ co n olyphonic after >
STEP REC JOB C-2
~ = $B $00 ~
| n 00 ~ 3F >
RECORD RECORD
—— control change TRACK
$40 ~ 7A
$Bn $7C + 7F
>
$Cn program change
STEP REC JOB C-1
$Dn after touch
+—oOo o o >
STEP REC JOB C-2 ‘
RECEPTION DATA $En pitch bender
> | —oo- o —
$FO0, $43, $2n, $0A, $F7
JOB D-5 >
- 1
LOCAL os os dump reques
DEVICE NUMBER PROTECT
$РО, $43, $0п, $0А ~ F7
K—o o
sequence data
$F2 song position pointer
Р SYSTEM
EXT. CLOCK $F8 MID! clock
——— O00 >
SFÁ start, SFB continue, SFC stop >
JOB C-4 ECHO BACK
"©
$8n, $9n, $An, $Cn, $Dn, $En,
$F1, $F2, $F6, SFF,
$Bn (except $7A all notes off)
26
» TRANSMISSION |
2. RECEPTION DATA
2-1 Reception Channel
Using the QX21 RECORDING MIDI CHANNEL JOB (A-6) the received MIDI
number can be recorded as is, or a specific MIDI channel number may be assigned.
2-2 Channel Voice Message
2-2-1 Key Off
Status 1000nnnn n = channe! no.
Note no. Okkkkkkk k =1 (C#-2) ~ 127 (G8)
Velocity Ovvvvvvv v = ignored
2-2-2 Key On/Off
Status 1001 nnnn n = channel no.
Note no. Okkkkkkk k =1 (C#-2) ~ 127 (G8)
Velocity Ovvvvvvv v = 0 key off
v = 1 - 127 key on
The received velocity data is recorded, or the preset medium value 64 is recorded a
according to the setting of KEY VELOCITY JOB C-3. ;
2-2-3 Polyphonic Aftertouch
Status 101Onnnn n = channel no.
Note no. Okkkkkkk k = 1 (C#-2) ~ 127 (G8)
Pressure Ovvvvvvvy
Recorded during real-time record when AFTER TOUCH JOB C-3 is ON.
2-2-4 Control Change
Status 1011nnnn
Control no. Оссссссс
Control value Ovvvvvvv
Control numbers O through 63 recorded during real-time record when CONTROL
CHANGE JOB C-2 is ON. Control numbers 64 through 121 are recorded whether
CONTROL CHANGE JOB C-2 is ON or OFF.
2-2-5 Program Change
Status 1100nnnn
Program no. Оррррррр
2-2-6 After touch
Status 1101nnnn
Pressure Ovvvvvvv
Recorded during real-time record when AFTER TOUCH JOB C-1 is ON.
2-2-7 Pitch Bend
Status 111Onnnn
Value (LSB) Ouuuuuuu
Value (MSB) Ovvvvvvv
Recorded during real-time record when CONTROL CHANGE & BENDER JOB C-2
is ON.
27
2-3 Channel Mode Message
Status 1011 nnnn
Оссссссс
Ovvvvvvv
с = 124, v=0: OMNI MODE OFF
с = 125, v=0: OMNI MODE ON
c=126, v=1: MONO MODE ON
c=127, v=0: POLY MODE ON
Recorded during real-time record.
2-4 System Exclusive Message
2-4-1 Dump Request
Status 11110000
ID 01000011
Substatus/ch 0010nnnn n = LOCAL DEVICE NO.
Format no. 00001010
Recorded when the LOCAL DEVICE NUMBER JOB D-5 matches “n”. When
matched the sequence data is dumped via MIDI QUT.
Not recorded during playback, recording, or cassette save and load operations.
2-4-2 Sequence Data
Status 11110000
ID 01000011 |
Substatus/ch 0000nnnn n = LOCAL DEVICE NO.
Format no. 00001010
Byte count Obbbbbbb
Byte count Obbbbbbb
Data 01001100 |. 7
01001101 "M
00100000 space
00100000 space
01001110 "М
01010011 "5 > Header
01000101 "Е
01010001 "О
00000000 space
00000000 space -
Oddddddd
2 Sequence data (ASCII)
Oddddddd
Checksum Osssssss
* If the byte count exceeds 4096, then the data is separated into 4096 byte biocks,
each with a byte count at the beginning (LMuuNSEQuu) and a checksum at
the end.
* When multiple track data is sent, the data for each track is sent separately even
If the data does not exceed 4096 bytes.
Reception is possible when the LOCAL DEVICE NUMBER JOB D-5 matches
“n”, and PROTECT JOB C-5 is OFF.
28
2-5 System Common Message
2-5-1 Song Position Pointer
Status 11110010
Value (LSB) OLLLLLLL
Value (MSB) Ohhhhhhh
2-6 System Realtime Message
2-6-1 Timing Clock
Status 11111000
Received when CLOCK SELECT JOB A-5 is set to EXTERNAL,
2-6-2 Start
Status 11111010
2-6-3 O ContinuelStart
Status 11111011
2-6-4 Stop
Status 11111100
3. TRANSMISSION > $9n note on
CONDITIONS
$A, lyphonic aft
< n polyphonic after
$00 ~ 7A control
$Bn $7C ~ 7F change
PLAY -
RECORD
oo} TRACK
$Cn program change
<<
$D h
< n after touc
a SEn pitch bender
$FE active sensing
Output takes place when measure changes
TRANSMISSION DATA
-— —— 4
< $FO, $43, SOn, SOA - F7
sequence data
a $F2 song position pointer SYSTEM
$F8 MIDI clock
A
SFA start SFB continue
SFC stop
4. TRANSMISSION
DATA
The sequence data recorded in the QX21 is transmitted when a PLAY operation
is initiated. Active sensing is also transmitted during the PLAY mode.
4-1 Channel Voice Message
The following recorded data is transmitted during a PLAY operation.
1. Key ON/OFF (Status 1001nnnn, n = recorded channel no.)
2. Polyphonic after touch
3. Control change
4. Program change
5. After touch
6. Pitch bend
4-2 Channel Mode Message
The following recorded data is transmitted during a PLAY operation.
OMNI MODE OFF
OMNI! MODE ON
MONO MODE ON
POLY MODE ON
4-3 System Exclusive Message
4-3-1 Sequence Data
The same data which has been received is dumped from the selected track if the
START button is pressed while the LOCAL DEVICE NUMBER JOB D-5 is active.
4-4 System Common Message
4-4-1 Song Position Pointer
Status 11110010
Value (LSB) OLLLLLLL
Value (MSB) Ohhhhhhh
4-5 System Realtime Message
4-5-1 Timing Clock
Status 11111000
Transmitted at all times, except when CASSETTE JOB D-4 is active or when CLOCK
SELECT JOB A-5 is set to EXTERNAL.
4-5-2 Start
Status 11111010
Transmitted when the START button is pressed.
4-5-3 Continuel/Start
Status 11111011
Transmitted when the CONTINUE button is pressed in the play stop mode.
30
4-5-4 Stop
Status 11111100
Transmitted when the STOP button is pressed during the play mode.
4-5-5 Active Sensing
Status 11111110
Transmitted at each measure break during playback.
31
— MEMO —
{ Digital Sequence Recoder |] Date : 10/23, 1985
; Model QXel MIDI Implementation Chart Version : 1.0
——]—_']——_——]—]——Ú]]— dd o A A Am, MAM Mm Mm A Mm Em mm Ls A a a E E MME TA TE — — EE AE TY em mm Tm mm rem me = = ет = ее кк = me AA SS i Hit i ke nk ba SW ber +
Transmitted : Recognized : Remarks :
Function : Ш :
LOTTO +---------------- +---------------- +;
: Basic Default : all channel : all channel : not Basic Ch.
‘Channel Changed : x : x :
mmm mmm mmm fmm mmm fom mm +----- mmm
: Default : : :
: Mode Messages : POLY,MONO : POLY, MONO
: : OMNIon, OMNIoff : OMNIon,OMNIoff :
{mmm ———————— > Form nme +---------------- Fromm mm mmm :
: Note : 1 — 111 : 1 - 127 :
: Number : True voice: XXXXXXXXXXXXXX : 1 - 111 :
O fmm oe fom mm mmm tommy
‚Velocity Note ON : 0 9nH V=1-127 : o 1 :X key velocity
: Note OFF : x 9nH V=0 ох : ON :
DT +---------- +-------------e +----------------1
After Key's о : o YX :X after touch ON:
Touch Ch's : Q о © X :X after touch ON:
OT +---- тн фене +----------------;
:Pitch Bender : O o YX :X ctrl change ON:
Poe $e +----------- фене |
: @ - 63 : © : о YX :X control change:
: : : ON
: 64 - 122 : © : O
:Control : :
124 - 127 : © : O
: Change : :
fmm mm mmm mmm Armen mm mm e :
: Prog : 0 - 127 : 0 - 127 ;
:Change : True # OAXACA : :
o +--=- e fmm mmm mmm mm +---=------------ :
:System Exclusive : O O : sequence data :=
‚тете +------------- LZ +---------------- :
System : Song Pos : © : O : :
: Song Sel : o XXX : O XX
:Common : Tune : O O
д неее тт — т — ен еее нее ен = wu ето mm +--------------- +;
:System :Clock : Q : o XX :XX ext. clock
:Real Time :Commands: o : O : select :
mm mmm mmm mmm me tom mmm mmm em fmm mmm mmm fom mm e!
:Aux :Local ON/OFF : o O
:All Notes OFF: x . Xx
:Mes- :Active Sense : © : x
: sages: Reset : o XXX : o XXX
pee +-=--------------- +--- $e
: Notes : XXX These messages are not recognized by QX7,
only bypassed to MIDI OUT in ECHO BACK ON mode.
Other all messages except System Exclusive and
Real Time are bypassed in ECHO BACK ON mode.
Mode 1 : OMNI ON, POLY Mode 2 : OMNI ON, MONO o : Yes
Mode 3 : OMNI OFF, POLY Mode 4 : OMNI OFF, MONO x : No
IMPORTANT
SAFETY AND INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
INFORMATION RELATING TO POSSIBLE PERSONAL INJURY, ELECTRIC SHOCK AND
FIRE HAZARD POSSIBILITIES HAS BEEN INCLUDED IN THIS LIST.
WARNING — When using electronic products, basic prec-
autions should always be followed, including the following:
1.
Read all Safety and Installation Instructions, Supple-
mental Marking and Special Message Section data, and
any applicable assembly instructions BEFORE using
this product.
Check unit weight specifications BEFORE you attempt
to move this product.
Main power supply verification. Yamaha Digital Musical
Instrument products are manufactured specifically for
use with the main supply voltage used in the area where
they are to be sold. The main supply voltage required
by these products is printed on the name plate. For name
plate location please refer to the graphic in the Special
Message section. If any doubt exists please contact the
nearest Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument retailer.
. Some Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument products
utilize external power supplies or adapters. Do NOT
connect products of this type to any power supply or
adapter other than the type described in the owners
manual or as marked on the unit.
This product may be equipped with a plug having three
prongs or a polarized line plug (one blade wider than
the other). If you are unable to insert the plug into the
outlet, contact an electrician to have the obsolete outlet
replaced. Do NOT defeat the safety purpose of the plug.
Yamaha products not having three prong or polarized
line plugs incorporate construction methods and de-
signs that do not require line plug polarization.
WARNING — Do NOT place objects on the power cord
or place the unit in a position where any one could walk
on, trip over, or roll anything over cords of any kind.
An improper installation of this type can create the
possibility of a fire hazard and/or personal injury.
. Environment: Your Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument
should be installed away from heat sources such as
heat registers and/or other products that produce heat.
Ventilation: This product should be installed or posi-
tioned in a way that its placement or location does not
interfere with proper ventilation.
Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument products are fre-
quently incorporated into “Systems” which are as-
sembled on carts, stands or in racks. Utilize only those
carts, stands, or racks that have been designed for this
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
purpose and observe all safety precautions supplied
with the products. Pay special attention to cautions that
relate to proper assembly, heavier units being mounted
at the lower levels, load limits, moving instructions,
maximum usable height and ventilation.
Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument products, either
alone or incombination with amplification, headphones,
or speakers, may be capable of producing sound levels
that could cause permanent hearing toss. Do NOT op-
erate at high volume levels or at a level that is un-
comfortable. If you experience any discomfort, ringing
in the ears, or suspect any hearing loss, you should
consult an audiologist.
Do NOT use this product near water or in wet environ-
ments. For example, near a swimming pool, spa, in the
rain, or in a wet basement.
Care should be taken so that objects do not fall, and
liquids are not spilled into the enclosure.
Yamaha Digital Musical Instrument products should be
serviced by a qualified service person when:
a. The power supply/power adapter cord or plug has
been damaged; or
b. Objects have fallen, or liquid has been spilled into
the products; or
c. The unit has been exposed to rain; or
d. The product does not operate, exhibits a marked
change in performance; or
e. The product has been dropped, or the enclosure of
the product has been damaged.
When not in use, always turn your Yamaha Digital Mu-
sical Instrument equipment “OFF”. The power supply
cord should be unplugged from the outlet when the
equipment is to be left unused for a long period of time.
NOTE: In this case, some units may lose some user
programmed data. Factory programmed memories
will not be affected.
Electromagnetic Interference (RFI). Yamaha Digital
Musical Instruments utilize digital (high frequency
pulse) technology that may adversely affect Radio/TV
reception. Please read FCC Information (back cover)
for additional information.
Do NOT attempt to service this product beyond that
described inthe user maintenance section of the owners
manual. All other servicing should be referted to qua-
lifted service personnel.
PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL
FOR FUTURE REFERENCE!
This information on safety is provided to comply with U.S.A. laws, but should be observed by users in all countries.
FCC INFORMATION
While the following statements are provided to comply
with FCC Regulations in the United States, the cor-
rective measures listed below are applicable world-
wide.
This series of Yamaha professional music equipment
uses frequencies that appear in the radio frequency
range and if installed in the immediate proximity of
some types of audio or video devices (within three
meters), interference may occur. This series of Yamaha
combo equipment have been type tested and found
to comply with the specifications set for a class B
computing device in accordance with those specifi-
cations listed in subpart J of part 15 of the FCC rules.
These rules are designed to provide a reasonable
measure of protection against such interference.
However, this does not guarantee that interference
will not occur. If your professional music equipment
should be suspected of causing interference with other
electronic devices, verification can be made by turning
your combo equipment off and on. If the interference
continues when your equipment is off, the equipment
is not the source of interference. If your equipment
does appear to be the source of the interference, you
should try to correct the situation by using one or
more of the following measures:
Relocate either the equipment or the electronic device
thatis being affected by the interference. Utilize power
outlets for the professional music equipment and the
device being affected that are on different branch
(circuit breaker or fuse) circuits, or install AC line “an,
filters.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate the
antenna or, if the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon
lead, change the lead-in to co-axial type cable.
If these corrective measures do not produce satisfac-
tory results, please contact your authorized Yamaha
professional products dealer for suggestions and/or
corrective measures.
if you cannot locate a franchised Yamaha professional
products dealer in your general area contact the pro-
fessional products Service Department, Yamaha Music
Corporation, 6600 Orangethorpe Ave., Buena Park,
CA 90620, U.S.A.
If for any reason, you should need additional infor-
mation relating to radio or TV interference, you may
find a booklet prepared by the Federa! Communi-
cations Commission helpful:
“How to identify and Resolve Radio — TV Interference
Problems”. This booklet is available from the U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. 20402
— Stock No. 004-000-00345-4.
YAMAHA
YAMAHA CORPORATION
PO.Box 1, Hamamatsu, Japan
VD68650| 88 0305 R2 CR Printed in Japan
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising