LIS-010 rev01

LIS-010 rev01
MANUAL: Piercing Applicator
INSTRUCTIONS FOR SAFE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Read instruction manual before use. Operation of this device without understanding the manual and
receiving proper training is a misuse of this equipment. A person who has not read and understood all
operating and safety instructions is not qualified to operate the Piercing Applicator.
This instruction manual is intended to familiarize firefighters and maintenance
personnel with the operation, servicing and safety procedures associated with the
Piercing Applicator.
This manual should be kept available to all operating and maintenance personnel.
Operating Range:
95 GPM @ 100 PSI
(360 l/min @ 7 bar)
DANGER
PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY CODE
The member companies of FEMSA that provide emergency response
equipment and services want responders to know and understand the
following:
1. Firefighting and Emergency Response are inherently dangerous
activities requiring proper training in their hazards and the use of
extreme caution at all times.
2. It is your responsibility to read and understand any user’s instructions
provided with any piece of equipment you may be called upon to use.
3. It is your responsibility to know that you have been properly trained in
Firefighting and /or Emergency Response and in the use, precautions,
and care of any equipment you may be called upon to use.
4. It is your responsibility to be in proper physical condition and to
maintain the personal skill level required to operate any equipment you
may be called upon to use.
5. It is your responsibility to know that your equipment is in operable
condition and has been maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
6. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in death, burns or other
severe injury.
FEMSA
Fire and Emergency Manufacturers and Services Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 147, Lynnfield, MA 01940 • www.FEMSA.org
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 2004-2006
2800 East Evans Avenue • Valparaiso , IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LIS-010 February 14, 2006 Rev01
1.0 MEANING OF SAFETY SIGNAL WORDS
A safety related message is identified by a safety alert symbol and a signal word to indicate the level of risk involved with a particular
hazard. Per ANSI standard Z535.4-1998 the definitions of the three signal words are as follows:
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in death or serious
injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result in death or serious
injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
2.0 GENERAL INFORMATION
The Task Force Tips Piercing Applicator is designed to deliver water or foam solutions to areas inaccessible to the fire fighter. It is
primarily constructed of chrome-plated stainless steel and brass and features a hardened Chromium-Molybdenum steel point for
driving through concrete block, mobile homes, drywall, hay bails, or other barriers. If necessary, the handle at the rear of the nozzle
may be struck with a hammer or flat head axe to drive it through a barrier. A series of impinging jets near the tip apply a dense fog
pattern. A swivel coupling with 1.5” NH (38mm) female hose thread is standard (National Hose Threads per NFPA #1963).
The applicator is intended to be used with a shutoff valve on the inlet of the applicator.
WARNING
This equipment is intended for use by trained personnel for firefighting. Their use for other purposes may
involve hazards not addressed by this manual. Seek appropriate guidance and training to reduce risk of
injury.
CAUTION
Nozzle must be properly connected. Mismatched or damaged threads may cause nozzle to leak or
uncouple under pressure and could cause injury.
CAUTION
Do not couple aluminum to brass. Dissimilar metals coupled together can cause galvanic corrosion that
can result in inability to unscrew threads or complete loss of thread engagement.
3.0 SAFETY
WARNING
The heavy piercing tip is capable of inflicting serious injury or damage if dropped or applied with force. The
Piercing Applicator is NOT suitable for use as a pry bar under any circumstance.
WARNING
Water is a conductor of electricity. Application of water and/or foam solutions on energized electrical
equipment can cause injury or death by electrocution. The amount of current that may be carried back to
the nozzle will depend on the following factors:
! Voltage of the line or equipment
! Distance from the nozzle to the line or equipment
! Size of the stream
! Whether the stream is solid or broken
The Fire Fighter and Electrical Equipment, The University of Michigan Extension Service, Fourth Printing 1983. Page 47.
WARNING
Penetrating a wall or other barrier may place the Piercing Applicator in close proximity to exposed
electrical wiring or equipment. Failure to disable electrical service prior to use could result in electrocution
causing serious injury or death.
WARNING
If nozzle gets out of control or away from operator, retreat from nozzle immediately. Do not attempt to
regain control of nozzle while flowing water. Injury from whipping can occur.
CAUTION
Fire streams are capable of injury and damage. Do not direct water stream to cause injury or damage to
persons or property.
4.0 USE WITH SALT WATER
Use with salt water is permissible provided nozzle is thoroughly cleaned with fresh water after each use. The service life of the nozzle
may be shortened due to the effects of corrosion and is not covered under warranty.
2
5.0 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
At 100 PSI (7 Bar) pressure, the piercing applicator nozzles flow 95 ±5 GPM (360 L/min). Water or foam solution shoots radially in
uniform jets all around the circumference of the tip. A ball shut off valve connected to the piercing applicator by a short length
(approximately 6' to 8') of hose is recommended for easier insertion of the piercing applicator.
DANGER
An inadequate supply of nozzle pressure and/or flow will cause an ineffective stream and can result in
injury, death or loss of property. Call 800-348- 2686 for assistance.
CAUTION
Nozzle reaction will vary as supply conditions change: such as opening or closing other nozzles, hose line
kinks, changes in pump settings, etc. The nozzle operator must always be prepared in the event of those
changes. Failure to restrain nozzle reaction can cause firefighter injury from loss of footing and/or stream
protection.
WARNING
Large amounts or pieces of debris can reduce the flow of the nozzle resulting in an ineffective flow. In the
event of a blockage, it may be necessary to retreat to a safe area, uncouple nozzle and remove debris.
6.0 FOAM USAGE
The Task Force Tips Piercing applicator is ideal for use with Class A and AFFF Class B foams. Generally, the reach with foam is
approximately 10 % less than with water only. Actual results will vary based on brand of foam, hardness of water, temperature, etc.
Always flush the nozzle thoroughly with water after foam use.
Assure that:
! Application rate is sufficient (see NFPA 11 or foam manufacturer's recommendations).
! Enough concentrate is on hand to complete task (see NFPA for minimum duration time requirements).
! Foam logistics have been carefully planned. Allow for such things as:
> Storage of foam in a location not exposed to the hazard it protects.
> Personnel, equipment and technique to deliver foam at a rapid enough rate.
WARNING
Improper use of foam can result in injury or damage to the environment. Follow foam manufacturer's
instructions and fire service training to avoid:
! Using wrong type of foam on a fire, i.e. Class A foam on a Class B fire.
! Plunging foam into pools of burning liquid fuels.
! Causing environmental damage.
WARNING
There is a wide variety of foam concentrates. Each user is responsible for verifying that any foam
concentrate chosen to be used with this unit has been tested to assure that the foam obtained is suitable
for the purpose intended.
7.0 FIREGROUND USE
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL FIRE DEPARTMENT OR AGENCY TO DETERMINE PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES
AND SUITABILITY FOR AN INDIVIDUAL'S USE OF THIS EQUIPMENT.
Many factors contribute to the extinguishment of a fire. Among the most important is delivering water at a flow rate sufficient to absorb
heat faster than is being generated. The flow rate depends largely on the pump discharge pressure and hose friction loss. The pump
discharge pressure may be found by use of the chart on the last page. It can also be calculated using a hydraulic equation such as:
PDP = NP+FL+DL+EL
PDP = Pump discharge pressure in PSI
NP = Nozzle pressure in PSI
FL = Hose friction loss in PSI
DL = Device loss in PSI
EL = Elevation loss in PSI
For additional information on calculating specific hose layouts, consult an appropriate fire-service training manual, A Firefighters
Guide to Nozzles published by Task Force Tips, or call TFT's "Hydraulics Hotline" at 800-348-2686, request document #LTT-110.
3
8.0 INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE
The Piercing Applicator is designed and manufactured to be damage resistant and require minimal maintenance. However, as the
primary firefighting tool upon which your life depends, it should be treated accordingly.
Nozzle must be inspected before each use for proper operation and function according to this checklist:
! None of the nozzle jets are clogged
! There is no obvious damage such as missing, broken or loose parts, etc
! The coupling is tight and leak free
WARNING
Before each use nozzle must be inspected for proper operation and function according to inspection
criteria above. Any nozzle that fails inspection is dangerous to use and must be repaired before using.
Operating a nozzle that fails any part of the inspection is a misuse of this equipment.
WARNING
Performance tests shall be conducted on the Piercing Applicator after a repair, or anytime a problem is
reported to verify operation in accordance with Task Force Tips test procedures. Consult factory for the
procedure that corresponds to the model of the nozzle. Any equipment which fails the related test criteria
should be removed from service immediately. Equipment can be returned to the factory for service and
testing.
CAUTION
Any alterations to the piercing applicator constitutes a misuse of this product and could diminish safety.
9.0 WARRANTY
Task Force Tips, Inc., 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383-6940 ("TFT") warrants to the original purchaser of its
Piercing Applicator Nozzle ("equipment"), and to anyone to whom it is transferred, that the equipment shall be free from defects in
material and workmanship during the five (5) year period from the date of purchase.
TFT's obligation under this warranty is specifically limited to replacing or repairing the equipment (or its parts) which are shown by
TFT's examination to be in a defective condition attributable to TFT. To qualify for this limited warranty, the claimant must return the
equipment to TFT, at 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383-6940, within a reasonable time after discovery of the defect.
TFT will examine the equipment. If TFT determines that there is a defect attributable to it, TFT will correct the problem within a
reasonable time. If the equipment is covered by this limited warranty, TFT will assume the expenses of repair.
If any defect attributable to TFT under this limited warranty cannot be reasonably cured by repair or replacement, TFT may elect to
refund the purchase price of the equipment, less reasonable depreciation, in complete discharge of its obligations under this limited
warranty. If TFT makes this election, claimant shall return the equipment to TFT free and clear of any liens and encumbrances.
This is a limited warranty. The original purchaser of the equipment, any person to whom it is transferred, and any person who is an
intended or unintended beneficiary of the equipment, shall not be entitled to recover from TFT any consequential or incidental
damages for injury to person and/or property resulting from any defective equipment manufactured or assembled by TFT. It is agreed
and understood that the price stated for the equipment is in part consideration for limiting TFT's liability. Some states do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above may not apply to you.
TFT shall have no obligation under this limited warranty if the equipment is, or has been, misused or neglected (including failure to
provide reasonable maintenance) or if there have been accidents to the equipment or if it has been repaired or altered by someone
else.
THIS IS A LIMITED EXPRESS WARRANTY ONLY. TFT EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS WITH RESPECT TO THE EQUIPMENT ALL IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THERE IS NO
WARRANTY OF ANY NATURE MADE BY TFT BEYOND THAT STATED IN THIS DOCUMENT.
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 2004-2006
2800 East Evans Avenue • Valparaiso , IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LIS-010 February 14, 2006 Rev01
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