Allied Telesyn International Corp | Formula 8200 | User`s guide | Allied Telesyn International Corp Formula 8200 User`s guide

Allied Telesyn International Corp Formula 8200 User`s guide
Ethernet
Fast
Ethernet
Fiber
ATM
FORMULA8200 ™
Fast Ethernet
Workgroup Switch
USER’S GUIDE
VERSION 1.4.3
PN 613-10611-00 Rev. A
Copyright © 1998 Allied Telesyn International, Corp.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without prior written permission from Allied Telesyn
International, Corp.
FORMULA 8200 is a trademark of Allied Telesyn International, Corp.
Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation. SNMPc is a registered trademark of Castle Rock. UNIX is a registered
trademark of X/Open Company, LTD. Windows 95 and Windows NT are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. All
other product names, company names, logos or other designations mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective owners.
Allied Telesyn International, Corp. reserves the right to make changes in specifications and other information contained in this
document without prior written notice. The information provided herein is subject to change without notice. In no event shall
Allied Telesyn International, Corp. be liable for any incidental, special, indirect, or consequential damages whatsoever, including
but not limited to lost profits, arising out of or related to this manual or the information contained herein, even if Allied Telesyn
International, Corp. has been advised of, known, or should have known, the possibility of such damages.
Table of Contents
Preface ...................................................................................................................................................................vii
Who Should Use This Guide ............................................................................................................................................................................viii
How This Guide Is Organized ............................................................................................................................................................................ ix
Document Conventions Used in This Guide ................................................................................................................................................ x
Related Documents .............................................................................................................................................................................................. xi
Recommended Reading .................................................................................................................................................................................... xii
Allied Telesyn’s Software Library ................................................................................................................................................................... xiii
Chapter 1
Overview ..............................................................................................................................................................1-1
Product Features ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 1-1
Chapter 2
Accessing the Command Line Interface (CLI) ...............................................................................................2-1
Connecting the Console .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-2
Terminal Configuration ........................................................................................................................................................................... 2-2
Viewing Terminal Configuration Using the CLI .............................................................................................................................. 2-2
Observing the Power-On Self Test ............................................................................................................................................................... 2-3
Observing the LEDs .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-4
Logging In ............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 2-6
Logging In Without a Password ........................................................................................................................................................... 2-7
Entering Commands ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Use of Square Brackets [ ] ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2-8
Use of Angle Brackets <> ....................................................................................................................................................................... 2-8
The LOOKUP Command .......................................................................................................................................................................... 2-9
Command Formats ................................................................................................................................................................................... 2-9
Moving Through the Menus ................................................................................................................................................................2-10
Configuring IP Information ...........................................................................................................................................................................2-11
Verifying Firmware Information .................................................................................................................................................................2-13
Updating Your Ethernet Ports ............................................................................................................................................................2-13
Updating System Information ............................................................................................................................................................2-13
Using Telnet to Access the Switch .............................................................................................................................................................2-14
Resetting and Rebooting the Switch ........................................................................................................................................................2-15
Where to Go Next .............................................................................................................................................................................................2-15
iii
Table of Contents
Chapter 3
Configuring the FORMULA 8200 Switch ......................................................................................................... 3-1
Default Configurations .....................................................................................................................................................................................3-1
Optimizing Functionality for Your Application .......................................................................................................................................3-2
Virtual LANs ..........................................................................................................................................................................................................3-2
FORMULA 8200 Implementation of VLANs ......................................................................................................................................3-3
Virtual Bridges, Virtual Interfaces, Virtual Routers .........................................................................................................................3-5
Spanning Tree .............................................................................................................................................................................................3-6
Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN) .................................................................................................................................................................3-8
Configuring a Virtual Bridge ........................................................................................................................................................................ 3-11
Chapter 4
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch .................................................................................. 4-1
Using Online Help ..............................................................................................................................................................................................4-2
Displaying the System Configuration .........................................................................................................................................................4-2
Displaying Console Port Parameters ...........................................................................................................................................................4-4
Displaying Ethernet Port Settings Information .......................................................................................................................................4-5
Configuring Ethernet Port Settings .............................................................................................................................................................4-6
Configuring Ethernet Port Statistics ............................................................................................................................................................4-7
Displaying Ethernet Port Statistics Information ......................................................................................................................................4-8
Clearing a Port’s Statistics Counters ............................................................................................................................................................4-9
Using Ethernet Port Mirroring .......................................................................................................................................................................4-9
Displaying Virtual LAN (VLAN) Information ........................................................................................................................................... 4-12
Displaying Virtual Router Information ..................................................................................................................................................... 4-13
Displaying Virtual Port Information .......................................................................................................................................................... 4-14
Displaying Virtual Port Statistics ................................................................................................................................................................ 4-15
Displaying Virtual Bridge Information ..................................................................................................................................................... 4-16
Displaying Spanning Tree Port Parameters ........................................................................................................................................... 4-17
Displaying the Bridge Forwarding Table ................................................................................................................................................ 4-18
Upgrading Firmware ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 4-19
Backing Up Your Current Configurations ...................................................................................................................................... 4-20
Configuring for the Download Process .......................................................................................................................................... 4-21
Downloading the Firmware ................................................................................................................................................................ 4-22
Restoring Your Configurations .......................................................................................................................................................... 4-24
In Case of Problems With the Software Upgrade ........................................................................................................................ 4-25
Displaying RIP Support Information ......................................................................................................................................................... 4-26
Modifying the IP RIP Mode ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4-27
Configuring Static Routes ............................................................................................................................................................................ 4-28
Deleting Static Routes ........................................................................................................................................................................... 4-28
Removing an IP Default Gateway .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-29
Configuring SNMP Parameters ................................................................................................................................................................... 4-30
Displaying SNMP Parameters ...................................................................................................................................................................... 4-31
iv
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Chapter 5
Command Reference ..........................................................................................................................................5-1
ATM and FDDI Support .................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-5
Command Edit Mode ........................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-6
Edit Mode Commands ............................................................................................................................................................................. 5-6
Command Descriptions .......................................................................................................................................................................... 5-6
ALIAS Command ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 5-7
ALLCMD Command ........................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-8
ATM Command ................................................................................................................................................................................................... 5-9
BOOT Command ..............................................................................................................................................................................................5-10
CONSOLE Command ......................................................................................................................................................................................5-12
ELOG Command ...............................................................................................................................................................................................5-14
ETHERNET Command .....................................................................................................................................................................................5-17
EXIT Command .................................................................................................................................................................................................5-24
FILE Command ..................................................................................................................................................................................................5-25
INET Command .................................................................................................................................................................................................5-27
LOOKUP Command .........................................................................................................................................................................................5-30
MODE Command .............................................................................................................................................................................................5-31
PORTSERV Command .....................................................................................................................................................................................5-33
REBOOT Command .........................................................................................................................................................................................5-34
SNMP Command ..............................................................................................................................................................................................5-35
SYSTEM Command ..........................................................................................................................................................................................5-38
TFTP Command ................................................................................................................................................................................................5-39
TOP Command ..................................................................................................................................................................................................5-40
UP Command ....................................................................................................................................................................................................5-41
VBRIDGE Command ........................................................................................................................................................................................5-42
VLAN Command ...............................................................................................................................................................................................5-51
Appendix A
Command Summary
......................................................................................................................................... A-1
Appendix B
RMON Configuration ......................................................................................................................................... B-1
MIB Support ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... B-2
SNMP Management Using Castle Rock’s SNMPc“ .................................................................................................................................. B-3
RMON Support .................................................................................................................................................................................................... B-5
Enabling RMON Objects ......................................................................................................................................................................... B-5
Disabling RMON Objects ........................................................................................................................................................................ B-6
Appendix C
Downloading Software at the [VxWorks] Prompt ........................................................................................ C-1
Firmware Upgrade Using FTP/TFTP ............................................................................................................................................................C-2
Backing Up Your Current Configurations .........................................................................................................................................C-3
Configuring for the TFTP Download Process ..................................................................................................................................C-4
Downloading the Firmware Using FTP/TFTP ..................................................................................................................................C-5
Restoring Your Configurations .............................................................................................................................................................C-9
Firmware Upgrade Using Zmodem .......................................................................................................................................................... C-10
In Case of Problems With the Software Upgrade ................................................................................................................................ C-13
Index ............................................................................................................................................................INDEX-1
v
Preface
This guide includes information about configuring and operating
Allied Telesyn International Corp.’s FORMULA 8200™ 10/100 Mbps
Fast Ethernet Workgroup Switch with any of the following
configurations:
❑
AT-8208 or AT-8216, the FORMULA 8200 switch with either 8
or 16 10/100 Mbps TX ports with firmware version 1.4.3 or later
❑
AT-8208F/SC or AT-8216F/SC, the FORMULA 8200 switch with
either 8 or 16 100 Mbps FX ports with firmware version 1.4.3 or
later
❑
Any of the above switch models with one of the following
uplink cards:
— AT-8202 ATM uplink card
— AT-8203 FDDI uplink card
This guide assumes that a FORMULA 8200 switch has been installed
and is operational. For more information on installing the switch,
refer to the FORMULA 8200 Installation Guide.
vii
Preface
Who Should Use This Guide
This guide is designed for you, the network administrator, to help
you configure, operate, and manage the FORMULA 8200 switch as a
device on your local area network. It assumes that you understand
some of the basic concepts of local area networks, including:
❑
Ethernet MAC addresses
❑
Collision domains
❑
Broadcast domains
❑
CSMA/CD
❑
Differences between repeaters, bridges, and routers
❑
Spanning Tree Protocol
❑
Virtual LANs (VLANs)
❑
TCP/IP and associated protocols and applications
For detailed information about any of the above topics, see
Recommended Reading at the end of this Preface.
If you have any uplink card installed, you must be familiar with
the ATM or FDDI technology.
viii
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
How This Guide Is Organized
This guide consists of the following sections:
Chapter 1, Overview, provides a product overview and a list of
common features that apply to all switch models.
Chapter 2, Accessing the Command Line Interface (CLI), provides
information on attaching a console port and accessing the command
line interface (CLI) to enter basic configuration parameters.
Chapter 3, Configuring the FORMULA 8200 Switch, provides
procedures to configure the FORMULA 8200.
Chapter 4, Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch,
provides procedures to monitor the FORMULA 8200 and perform
routine management tasks using the CLI.
Chapter 5, Command Reference, includes a description of all the
commands and provides examples on where to use these
commands.
Appendix A, Command Summary, is a table that lists all
FORMULA 8200 commands in alphabetical order, their
corresponding aliases, and the purpose of each command.
Appendix B, RMON Configuration, provides a sample procedure to
configure your SNMP management station to manage and monitor
the FORMULA 8200 switch.
Appendix C, Downloading Software at the [VxWorks] Prompt,
provides the alternative procedures to upgrade switch software if
the switch CLI is not accessible.
The Index at the back of this guide is according to subject matter.
For a definition of terms commonly used in Allied Telesyn technical
publications, refer to the website glossary at
www.alliedtelesyn.com.
ix
Preface
Document Conventions Used in This Guide
This section describes the typographic conventions used in this
guide.
Note
The command line interface (CLI) portion of the FORMULA 8200 is not
case sensitive; however, this manual shows commands in uppercase
letters. You may type your commands in either uppercase or
lowercase, as shown in some of the examples.
Example
Meaning
Local IP configuration:
System prompts and messages are shown in
COURIER font..
The VLAN/CONFIG/CREATE command is used
to configure a VLAN.
Enter
BRIDGE <VLAN#>.
Commands or other input the user must supply are
shown in BOLDFACE capital letters.
Text in angle brackets after a command indicates userdefined input must follow the command. (Example:
BRIDGE 2)
Press the [Enter] key to execute a command.
Keys named in text are shown enclosed in square
brackets. ([Enter] is used to denote both the Enter
key and the Return key.)
Read Chapter 6 in the User Guide.
To install the switch on a
flat surface:
Book titles are shown in italic type.
The Procedure icon denotes a series of numbered
steps the user must perform. Each step may be
followed by text that explains the result of the user
action.
1. User action
2. User action
This guide uses the following symbols to highlight special messages:
Note
A note includes information of importance or special interest.
Caution
A caution includes information that will help you prevent equipment
failure or loss of data.
x
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Warning
A warning includes information that will help you prevent injury or
equipment damage.
Related Documents
Refer to the following related publications from Allied Telesyn for
additional information on the FORMULA 8200 switch:
❑
FORMULA 8200 Installation Guide for information on how
to install and set up the switch
Note
There are two versions of the FORMULA 8200 Installation Guide:
one for 10Bse-T/100Base-TX ports and one for 100Base-FX ports.
❑
AT-8201 Installation Guide for information on how to install
the eight-port 10/100Base-TX expansion module
❑
AT-8201 F/SC Installation Guide for information on how to
install the eight-port 100Base-FX fiber expansion module
❑
AT-8202 and AT-8203 ATM and FDDI Uplink Installation
Guide for information on how to install the ATM or FDDI
uplink card and the accelerator card
❑
AT-8202 ATM Uplink User’s Guide for information about
configuring and using the ATM uplink card
❑
AT-8203 FDDI Uplink User’s Guide for information about
configuring and using the FDDI uplink card
❑
Release Notes that may be included in the package or
distributed from Allied Telesyn’s website for the latest
information about the product
These guides are available in PDF format from Allied Telesyn’s
website at www.alliedtelesyn.com/manuals.htm.
xi
Preface
Recommended Reading
The following documents provide additional information on the
topics described in this manual:
Interconnections: Bridges and Routers, Radia Perlman (1992).
Troubleshooting TCP/IP, Mark Miller (1992).
Internetworking with TCP/IP, Douglas Comer (1991).
IEEE 802.1D (Spanning Tree Protocol) (1990).
IEEE 802.3 (CSMA/CD) (1996).
IEEE 802.3u (Supplement to 802.3 100BT Operation) (1995).
RFC 791, Internet Protocol, J. Postel (1981).
RFC 951, Bootstrap Protocol, W. Croft, J Gilmore (1985).
RFC 1023, HEMS monitoring and control language, C. Partridge, G.
Trewitt (1987).
RFC 1024, HEMS variable definitions, C. Partridge, G. Trewitt (1987).
RFC 1058, Routing Information Protocol, C. Hedrick (1988).
RFC 1122, Requirements for Internet hosts — application and
support, R. Braden (1989).
RFC 1123, Requirements for Internet hosts — communication layers,
R. Braden (1989).
RFC 1157, A Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP), J. Case,
M. Fedor, K. Schoffstall, and J. Davin (1990).
RFC 1350, The TFTP Protocol (Revision 2), K.R. Sollins (1992).
xii
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Allied Telesyn’s Software Library
Allied Telesyn’s website, www.alliedtelesyn.com, maintains a
Software Library that contains Allied Telesyn’s adapter drivers,
system and management utilities, software updates, and ASCII
documents.
You may also access the Software Library from Allied Telesyn’s FTP
server. Enter the following information to access the FTP server:
Address: ftp.alliedtelesyn.com [lowercase letters]
Login: anonymous [lowercase letters]
Password: your e-mail address [requested by the server at
login]
xiii
Chapter 1
Overview
The FORMULA 8200™ switch provides a cost effective solution for
improving Ethernet network performance by reducing
communications traffic congestion. It is a high-speed, multi-protocol
workgroup Fast Ethernet switch that can be configured with up to 16
Fast Ethernet (10/100 Mbps) LAN switch ports.
The FORMULA 8200 offers virtual LAN (VLAN) support, including
virtual routing and Spanning Tree Protocol, as well as network
management using Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
Product Features
The FORMULA 8200 includes the following hardware and software
product features:
❑
Eight 10/100 Mbps Fast Ethernet ports (IEEE 802.3u)
❑
Optional 8-port 10/100 Mbps expansion module
❑
Virtual LAN (VLAN) support for up to 16 port-based VLANs
❑
IP Routing to provide communication between VLANs
❑
Loop detection using Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802.1d)
❑
Front panel LEDs that provide operating status and a Reset
button for front panel control of switch
❑
RS232C console port interface for local switch management
and Telnet support for remote switch management
❑
Rack mount or table mount capabilities (hardware for either
option included)
1-1
Overview
❑
Support for multiple hardware configurations and provides
support for the following port configurations:
— 10Base-T/100Base-TX expansion ports
— 100Base-FX expansion ports
— OC3 ATM uplink card (optional)
— FDDI uplink card (optional)
❑
Field-upgradeable expansion modules for maximum
customization
❑
Autonegotiation on all 10/100 Mbps TX ports
❑
Full or half duplex on all 10/100 Mbps TX ports and 100 Mbps
full duplex on FX ports
❑
Port mirroring to allow monitoring of one’s port activities from
any port
❑
Flow control to autosense buffer limits on the transmit port
❑
Support for RMON Groups 1, 2, 3, and 9
❑
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) agent for
Management Information Bases (MIB) II and private enterprise
MIBs
❑
TFTP, FTP, and ZModem support for software upgrades and
backup
For information about available configurations, see the
FORMULA 8200 Installation Guide.
1-2
Chapter 2
Accessing the Command Line
Interface (CLI)
This chapter describes how to access the CLI once you have
completed the installation, as described in the FORMULA 8200
Installation Guide. The information provided here includes the
following:
❑
Connecting the console
❑
Logging in (via preinstalled software)
❑
Entering commands
❑
Entering basic configuration parameters
❑
Accessing via Telnet
2-1
Connecting the Console
Connecting the Console
The RS232C console port permits you to connect a terminal or local
workstation for system management. The console terminal interface
is a DB9 (DCE) male connection.
Note
The console is required to confirm that the switch is configured and
operating correctly after installation.
Connect a VT-100 terminal or equivalent to the FORMULA 8200 using
a 9-pin null-modem RS232 serial cable. You can also use a DOS®,
Windows®, or UNIX® workstation running in terminal emulation
mode. The cable connection to the switch must have a female DB9
connector.
Terminal
Configuration
To configure the terminal:
Use the following parameters:
Viewing
Terminal
Configuration
Using the CLI
❑
Baud rate: 9600
❑
Data bits: 8
❑
Stop bits: 1
❑
Parity: none
❑
Number of lines per page: 25
Once you have completed the installation, you can then use the
following command to show the console parameters:
CONSOLE/SHOW - show console parameters
For a complete description and additional information about this
and other commands, see Chapter 5, Command Reference.
2-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Observing the Power-On Self Test
When the FORMULA 8200 is powered on, it automatically runs a
power-on self-test (POST) to verify that all components are
functioning normally.
As POST verifies the basic operation of the switch, it displays a series
of messages on the console. A similar screen display appears:
Post
begins
Boot POST in progress...
PROM version: 1.0.7
Component
tests
Sizing DRAM (value displayed is bank size or error code)...
DRAM now configured into a contiguous block:
Address: ............. 0xa0000000 - 0xa07ffffc
Running DRAM test...
Initializing 4650 icache and dcache...
Initializing PIG chip...
Initializing PMIU chips...
.
.
Boot POST complete, passing control to firmware...
Firmware
loads
Loading /flash/firmware...Starting at 0x80010000...
Firmware version 1.4.3
Date= 1/26/98 time= 11:34:27
Restore configuration for system
System
information
IP address = 0.0.0.0
Number of ports = 16
Configuration changed
srm_init success
Vendor
information
Allied Telesyn International
Copyright@ 1997 Allied Telesyn All rights reserved.
Switch Init Success
Login:
2-3
Observing the Power-On Self Test
If any error messages are displayed, report them to the
Allied Telesyn’s Technical Support (see Allied Telesyn’s website at
www.alliedtelesyn.com) or your reseller. The rest of the messages
are for your information only; no action is required.
Observing the
LEDs
You can verify proper operation by observing the LEDs. In Figure 2-1,
three LEDs are shown as examples.
Link
Activity
Collision
DIAG
Status
Power
Reset
Activity
Link
Collision
Status and Power LEDs
DIAG
TX LEDs
FX LEDs
Figure 2-1 FORMULA 8200 LEDs
Table 2-1 provides information about what the LEDs mean in various
states.
Table 2-1 FORMULA 8200 LED States
LED
System
Status
Indicator
Power
Indicator
2-4
LED Color
Status
Action Required
Flashing
green
Normal operation
None. LED should flash every second.
This
indicates that the switch is functioning
normally.
Solid green
You probably cannot log in to
the switch. This indicates the
switch is locked up.
Reboot the switch.
Flashing
amber
Switch encountered
abnormal condition
Reboot the switch.
Solid amber
Switch is still functioning, but
with problems; or boot is in
process.
Determine if the switch is in the boot
process; otherwise, reboot.
Solid green
Normal operation when
power is applied.
None
Unlit
There is no power to switch.
Check the power plug and the state of
the on/off switch in the back of the unit.
If On, turn it off and reboot. If LED
remains unlit, replace the switch.
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Table 2-1 FORMULA 8200 LED States (Continued)
LED
LED Color
Port LED —
Activity/
Collision
(green/amber)
Flashing or
solid green
Normal operation when
port receives or transmits
traffic.
None
Unlit
No traffic
None. This state does not indicate any
problems on the port.
Flashing
amber
Collisions in half-duplex mode
Note: applies to TX ports only.
None. Intermittent collisions are normal.
Solid green
Good cable link status
None
Off or
flashing
No link if off; a link problem if
flashing
Try the following: Verify cable, verify
port speed, verify the state of the
autonegotiation to ensure the port
speeds match (ETHERNET/SHOW/
PORT).
Port LED —
Link/Diag
(green)
Status
Action Required
2-5
Logging In
Logging In
The FORMULA 8200 switch ships from the factory with pre-installed
software. Once the hardware has been installed, the switch displays
the login prompt.
To begin using the CLI:
1. Log in by entering admin in lowercase letters, as follows:
Login: admin
The FORMULA 8200 displays the password prompt.
2. Enter switch, all in lowercase, as follows:
Password: switch
Note
When you type your password, the text does not appear on the
screen.
After you have entered the password, the FORMULA 8200 command
line interface (CLI) prompt is displayed:
Login: admin
Password: ******
/>
For security reasons, change the admin password as soon as
possible. To do so, use the SYSTEM/CONFIG/ADMINPW command
(explained in detail in Chapter 5).
Note
If you forget your administrator password, contact Allied Telesyn’s
Technical Support. Visit Allied Telesyn’s website at
www.alliedtelesyn.com for contact information.
Use the EXIT command to log out from the CLI session.
2-6
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Logging In
Without a
Password
The FORMULA 8200 also provides you a “user login” feature. No
password is required. It permits you to use commands to view the
operating status and configuration, but you cannot configure the
switch.
To log in without a password:
Enter the following at the login prompt in lowercase letters
and press [Enter] at the password prompt:
Login: user
Password: [ENTER]
Logged in as USER (not ADMIN)
/>
2-7
Entering Commands
Entering Commands
The FORMULA 8200 command line interface (CLI) is a hierarchical
menu-driven interface with menus, submenus, and commands
arranged in a tree structure.
To access the main command menu:
Enter ? at the FORMULA 8200 prompt, as shown below.
== MAIN MENU ==
?
ALIAS
ALLCMD
[ATM]
[BOOT]
[CONSOLE]
[ELOG]
[ETHERNET]
EXIT
[FDDI]
[FILE]
[INET]
LOOKUP
[MODE]
[PORTSERV]
REBOOT
[SNMP]
[SYSTEM]
[TFTP]
TOP
UP
[VBRIDGE]
[VLAN]
[TRACE]
/ >
Enter commands by typing selections from each successive menu;
then press [Enter]. You can also enter the entire command at the
prompt or you can use an alias; both methods are described in this
chapter in Command Formats.
Use of Square
Brackets [ ]
Some commands in the main menu have square brackets around
them to indicate that the command requires additional parameters.
When you enter one of these commands, a submenu appears that
lists the available parameters.
Note
Do not enter the brackets when you enter the command.
Use of Angle
Brackets <>
This manual sometimes directs you to enter a command with a
variable that is specific to your environment, such as IP addresses.
The variables you must supply are enclosed in angle brackets.
For example, to configure a gateway address, enter:
/INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/DEFAULT <default route or
gateway IP address>
where <default route or gateway address> can be in the format,
123.123.123.123.
2-8
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Note
Do not enter the brackets when you enter the command.
The LOOKUP
Command
Entering LOOKUP is a way to get a list of commands, their
corresponding aliases, and descriptions.
Command
Formats
The software allows you to enter commands in three ways:
❑
By entering the complete command
❑
By using a shortcut
❑
By using an alias
Separating Command Words
When you enter any command, you may separate the command
words with a slash (/). For example:
/FDDI/SHOW/SMT
You may also use a space to separate the command words.
Shortcuts
Use a shortcut by typing the first few characters needed to
distinguish the command from others that start with the same
letters, such as:
/FD/SH/SMT
This works unless your shortened version is ambiguous, which
causes an error message to appear.
Aliases
An alias is an abbreviated command that can be accessed from
anywhere in the command line interface. For example, the following
alias is equivalent to the FDDI/SHOW/SMT command:
fsmt
Aliases are listed in Appendix A, and are also listed in Chapter 5 with
each command description.
2-9
Entering Commands
Moving
Through the
Menus
The following commands allow you to navigate the menu structure
(Figure 2-2):
returns to the previous menu.
❑
UP
❑
TOP returns to the main menu.
❑
?
displays the commands that are available at your current
level
TOP
== Main Menu ==
Previous
Menu
/ >
UP
You Are Here
?
Available
Commands
Figure 2-2 Navigating the Menus
For a complete list of commands, see Chapter 5.
2-10
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Configuring IP Information
1. Use the BOOT/IP/CONFIG and BOOT/IP/EEPROM commands
to configure Internet protocol information for the switch,
including:
❑
IP address
❑
Local host name
❑
Default gateway
❑
Subnet mask
The IP command displays the local IP configuration
parameters. After each parameter is displayed, the system
prompts you for any changes. If you don’t want to change any
parameter, press [Enter] at each prompt.
/BOOT/IP/CONFIG
Local IP configuration:
IP address (149.35.101.31) :
Local Host name (SWITCH#1) :
Default gateway (149.35.27.1) :
Net mask (255.255.255.0) :
OK to write config to flash (y/n) ? Y
Writing new configuration to flash ...
/BOOT/IP/EEPROM
EEPROM IP:
IP address (149.35.27.1) :
OK to write config to EEPROM (y/n) ? Y
2. Enter the default gateway address again using the INET/
CONFIG/ROUTE/DEFAULT command:
INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/DEFAULT
gateway address ( ) : 149.35.27.1
3. Confirm your entry with the following command:
INET/SHOW/ROUTE
A similar table displays on the screen:
2-11
Configuring IP Information
/INET/SHOW >route
ROUTE NET TABLE:
Address
===============
Gateway
===============
Metric
=======
VLAN
=======
Type
=======
0.0.0.0
149.35.27.1
1
1
DEFAULT
149.35.27.0
149.35.27.30
1
1
VLAN INTERFACE
Address
===============
Gateway
===============
Metric
=======
VLAN
=======
Type
=======
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
1
ROUTE HOST TABLE:
2-12
LOOPBACK
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Verifying Firmware Information
To ensure that you have the latest information about product
features and fixes, verify that the version of any release notes you
have received match the version of the firmware installed on the
unit.
You also need to verify that the Internet protocol information you
entered is correct.
To display firmware information:
Use the SYSTEM/SHOW command.
This displays your overall system configuration. For more
information about using this command, see Displaying the
System Configuration in Chapter 4; also see the SYSTEM
command in Chapter 5.
Updating Your
Ethernet Ports
Updating
System
Information
Before you connect the FORMULA 8200 to your network, use the
ETHERNET/SHOW/PORT command to display, and if necessary, the
ETHERNET/CONFIG/PORT command to modify your port
configuration. For more details, see the ETHERNET command in
Chapter 5.
Use the SYSTEM/CONFIG command to update your system
information, including date, time, and admin password. It is
especially important to ensure the security of your configuration by
updating the admin password as soon as possible.
2-13
Using Telnet to Access the Switch
Using Telnet to Access the Switch
In addition to local console access, you can access the switch from a
remote location by using Telnet to make a TCP/IP connection.
The Telnet command syntax depends on the type of terminal or TCP/
IP software you are using. Check the appropriate manual for
information about connecting to a host using Telnet. Telnet requires
the FORMULA 8200’s IP address information has been configured.
To use Telnet to access a remote switch
(example):
The following steps initiate a Telnet session to the switch at IP
address 123.126.22.77.
1. Enter the Telnet command and the IP address at the system
prompt:
telnet 123.126.22.77
2. Enter admin at the login prompt.
Login: admin
3. Enter the password at the password prompt. (If you have not yet
changed the default password, enter switch.)
The system prompt now appears, giving you full access to the
command line interface.
/ >
4. Use the EXIT command to log out from the CLI session.
Note
The EXIT command does not end the Telnet session. On certain
systems, pressing the CTRL-6, CTRL-], and [Enter] keys in sequence
disconnects the Telnet session. Refer to your current Telnet manual
for the correct command to disconnect the Telnet session.
2-14
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Resetting and Rebooting the Switch
You may occasionally need to reset the FORMULA 8200. You can do
this in one of three ways:
❑
The Reset button on the front panel permits you to perform a
“hardware reset,” and does not require you to use the
command line interface.
❑
The REBOOT command permits you to reset the switch via
the command line interface, either from the local console, or
from a remote location via Telnet. The current Telnet session is
disconnected by this command.
❑
The On/Off switch in the rear panel recycles the power to the
switch.
Either method initializes the hardware, loads the system software
from the flash, restores the switch to the current (saved)
configuration settings, and restarts the switch. Upon restart, the
POST and other diagnostic information appear on the local console,
followed by the login and password prompts.
Where to Go Next
Go to Chapter 3, Configuring the FORMULA 8200 Switch, for
information about the default switch configurations, to reconfigure
the switch for your particular application, or to create VLANs.
2-15
Chapter 3
Configuring the FORMULA 8200
Switch
This chapter describes:
❑
System default configurations
❑
An overview of virtual LANs (VLANs) and related parameters,
including Spanning Tree (virtual bridges) and virtual routers,
and how to configure them
Default Configurations
The FORMULA 8200 is shipped from the factory with the following
default configurations:
❑
Console speed is 9600
❑
Login is admin and password is switch
❑
Autonegotiation is ON (enabled) for 10/100 Mbps TX ports
❑
Ethernet statistics are disabled
❑
All ports belong to the default VLAN 1
❑
Spanning Tree is enabled
❑
RIP (virtual routing) is silent
These settings provide for switching a single broadcast domain. To
display and configure port settings, refer to Chapter 4 beginning on
page 4-5.
3-1
Optimizing Functionality for Your Application
Optimizing Functionality for Your Application
The FORMULA 8200, unlike shared media switching hubs, allows you
to divide your LAN into smaller segments. This increases and uses full
LAN bandwidth for each segment. By providing high end devices
such as workstations, servers, and routers their own dedicated
connections to the switch, you can significantly increase throughput
and decrease latency.
In addition to creating one or more VLANs to reduce broadcast
traffic, you can also customize the configuration to meet your
specific needs. Use the information in the remainder of this chapter;
you can also review the command set in Chapter 5 for more specific
information.
Virtual LANs
A Virtual LAN (VLAN) is a logical group of LANs or individual devices,
established without regard to their physical location on the network.
You can group any collection of ports on one or more
FORMULA 8200 switches into a VLAN.
Since you can connect either a LAN or a device to a port in the
FORMULA 8200, any group of LANs or individual devices connected
to the switch can be connected together in a VLAN.
The LAN segments that comprise a VLAN can be distributed among
multiple switches that are interconnected by a backbone network.
This grouping of LAN segments into VLANs reduces the amount of
work required when moving an end station from one LAN segment
to another.
VLANs also maximize the efficient use of the bandwidth on any given
LAN segment, since packets are forwarded only between segments
as required. The separation of segments into VLANs also provides
security, since data from a workgroup on one VLAN will not be seen
on the VLANs for other workgroups. VLANs also create smaller
broadcast domains, which reduce broadcast traffic across the
network.
Note
To communicate between VLANs, the FORMULA 8200 must be
configured to enable RIP for IP routing. If additional protocols are
required, a connection on each VLAN must go to an external router.
3-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
FORMULA 8200
Implementation
of VLANs
The FORMULA 8200 consists of up to 16 physical network interfaces.
In its simplest configuration, all of these network interfaces are
grouped together into a single bridged virtual LAN (VLAN). Traffic
flowing between end stations on separate LAN segments is switched
by a virtual bridge.
You may configure up to 16 VLANs.
Each FORMULA 8200 has a default VLAN, called VLAN 1 (Figure 3-1).
The default VLAN cannot be removed. It contains all virtual interfaces
not assigned to other VLANs. Initially, all interfaces are members of
the default VLAN.
VLAN1 (Default VLAN)
Switch 1
Switch 2
Switch 3
Figure 3-1: Default VLAN 1
You can, however, create up to 16 VLANs on each switch on a perport basis. This feature allows you to move network interfaces from
the default VLAN to other VLANs (see Figure 3-2). Traffic can then
flow between VLANs by using either an external router or by using
the virtual router service provided internally by the FORMULA 8200.
3-3
Virtual LANs
VLAN1
VLAN2
Switch 1
VLAN4
VLAN3
Switch 2
VLAN5
Switch 3
VLAN6
Figure 3-2: Multiple VLANs
FORMULA 8200 VLANs are port-based. A port cannot be part of more
than one VLAN. That is, if your FORMULA 8200 is configured for 8
ports, the switch can support up to 8 VLANs; if your switch includes
an 8-port expansion module, it supports up to 16 VLANs.
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VPORT command to see the virtual port
information. Refer to Chapter 5 for details on the command.
Each VLAN represents one IP subnet. Unlike a traditional router,
where each interface represents a different subnet, FORMULA 8200
VLAN switching allows multiple interfaces to share an IP subnet. If
you move an end station from one LAN segment to another within
the same VLAN, whether it is a local segment or a remote one, there
is no need to reconfigure its IP address.
3-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Virtual Bridges,
Virtual
Interfaces,
Virtual Routers
Each VLAN has a virtual bridge that maintains the locations of the
end stations on each segment and controls the switching hardware.
Each of the interfaces on a virtual bridge is called a virtual interface.
Each VLAN is identified by a number. These numbers are global to all
FORMULA 8200 switches that are connected by a backbone network.
Traffic can be exchanged over a backbone network in order to allow
a VLAN to have segments that are distributed among multiple
FORMULA 8200 switches. Traffic can be exchanged between VLANs
by either internal or external routing.
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VLAN command to see the virtual VLAN
information. Refer to Chapter 5 for details on the command.
An optional virtual router interface can be configured to forward
traffic between VLANs by using the VLAN/CONFIG command; see
Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN) later in this chapter.
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VROUTER command to see the virtual router
information. Refer to Chapter 5 for details on the command.
To access the FORMULA 8200 management applications remotely
via TCP/IP, the IP interface must be enabled on at least one VLAN
(usually VLAN 1). The management applications may then be
accessed from a station that has access to one of the LAN segments
comprising that VLAN. If the interface over which management
functions are taking place is disabled, it is possible to lose contact
with the FORMULA 8200. In this case, you must use the console port
to reestablish remote TCP/IP management capabilities.
Each VLAN has an associated virtual bridge. A distributed VLAN has
one virtual bridge on each FORMULA 8200 that has interfaces
participating in the VLAN. The virtual bridge implements the IEEE
802.1-D Spanning Tree Algorithm and Protocol, described in the next
section.
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VPORT command to view the virtual port
information, and VLAN/SHOW/VSTATS command to view the
virtual port statistics.
3-5
Virtual LANs
Spanning Tree
Spanning Tree is a configuration algorithm and protocol that ensures
that no data loops exist within a single broadcast domain. For
example, Figure 3-3 shows bridges 1 and 2 in a loop; in this
configuration without Spanning Tree, the network is unusable.
VLAN 1
forwarding
Bridge 1
forwarding
data looping
forwarding
Bridge 2
VLAN 2
forwarding
forwarding
Bridge 3
VLAN 3
forwarding
3011
Figure 3-3: Data Looping
When Spanning Tree is implemented, redundant bridge ports are
blocked and looping is eliminated, as shown in Figure 3-4.
VLAN 1
Bridge 1
Bridge 2
blocking
not
forwarding
VLAN 2
Bridge 3
VLAN 3
3012
Figure 3-4: Spanning Tree Eliminating Data Looping
By blocking the port at Bridge 2, data can pass to all three segments.
In this example, either Bridge 1 or Bridge 3 becomes the “root”
bridge, depending on priority or MAC address, and the remaining
bridge then becomes a “standby” bridge, ready to function if a failure
should occur in the Bridge 1.
3-6
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
In addition to preventing looping, Spanning Tree provides the
following functions:
❑
Automatic reconfiguring of the topology in the event of a
failure or the addition of a bridge or a bridged port
❑
Topology stability, regardless of the size of the bridged VLAN
❑
Configuration management, by displaying statistics and userspecified bridge and port priorities, parameters, and timers
Spanning Tree performs the above functions by exchanging BPDUs
(Bridge Protocol Data Units) packets between bridges. When the
topology changes, the time it takes for Spanning Tree to stabilize
depends on the size of the bridged network and several userconfigurable parameters.
Spanning Tree Protocol functions by putting its ports in the following
modes or states:
Blocking State - In this state, ports do not forward packets
and do not learn addresses. The ports are in standby mode
until a topology change occurs.
Listening State - In this state, ports do not forward packets
and do not learn addresses.
Learning State - In this state, ports do not forward packets in
either direction, but they learn station addresses.
Forwarding State - In this state, ports forward and learn all
packets in either direction.
The listening state and learning state are both temporary states as
the port moves into forwarding state.
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE<VLAN#> command to view the
current configuration settings.
To enable and configure Spanning Tree, use the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/
BRIDGE<VLAN#> command, or refer to Configuring a Virtual
Bridge later in this chapter.
3-7
Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN)
Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN)
Use this procedure to assign ports to create a VLAN, including a
virtual router, if desired. By default, all the ports on your
FORMULA 8200 are assigned to VLAN 1. If this configuration suits
your needs, use VLAN 1 to define port assignments. Otherwise,
create more VLANs to establish user groups and manage network
traffic.
As you create additional VLANs, the ports you assign to them are
removed from VLAN 1 (that is, a port cannot be in two VLANs at the
same time).
To configure a VLAN:
The following steps are for creating VLAN 2 and for assigning ports 4
and 5 to VLAN 2. If you use these steps to create a VLAN, be sure to
assign your own VLAN name, port numbers, IP address, and so on.
1. From the switch on which the ports reside, enter:
/VLAN/CONFIG
2. Create VLAN 2 by entering:
CREATE 2
3. Answer each prompt as it appears, and then confirm with a y at
the end. Refer to the following example (bolded text represents
user entries):
/VLAN/CONFIG/CREATE 2
VLAN ID : 2
VLAN Description (VLAN 2) : TEST
Initial Ports : 4 5
VLAN enabled (yes) : y
VLAN 2 is successfully created
In the example:
❑
The VLAN Description shown here is TEST, but you can enter
any text up to 32 characters.
❑
The Initial Ports parameter allows you to specify which ports
are included in the VLAN. This can be modified later by using
one of the following commands:
VLAN/CONFIG/ADDPORT<PORT#> <VLAN#> to add one or
more ports.
3-8
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
VLAN/CONFIG/MOVPORT to move one or more ports.
VLAN/CONFIG/DELPORT<PORT#> <VLAN#> to delete one
or more ports.
You can also use the following commands to change VLAN
configuration:
VLAN/CONFIG/MODIFY <VLAN#> to modify a VLAN.
VLAN/CONFIG/REMOVE <VLAN#> to remove a VLAN.
VLAN/CONFIG/ENABLE <VLAN#> to enable the entire
VLAN.
VLAN/CONFIG/DISABLE <VLAN#> to disable the entire
VLAN.
4. Proceed to the next series of prompts to enable the IP interface
and a virtual router. Refer to the following example (bolded text
represents user entries) and to Table 1-1 for an explanation of
each prompt:
VLAN 2 is successfully created
Enable IP interface (yes): y
Virtual router of VLAN 2
IP address: 149.35.101.31
IP Subnet Mask (255.255.255.0): [Enter]
IP Broadcast Address: 149.35.101.255
Router Desription (Router for VLAN2): TESTROUTER
IP RIP mode (Active (a), Silent (s), Deaf (d), Inactive (i)) (s): a
A router is sucessfully configured for VLAN 2
....... Updating system/VLAN configuration ............
If you enter n at the first prompt, no virtual router is configured
for the VLAN.
Table 1-1: IP Interface and Virtual Router Configuration
Prompt
Description
Enable IP
interface
Enter y to enable virtual routing. Enter n if you have an external router.
IP address
This address must be on a separate subnet from other VLAN IP addresses.
Subnet mask
All subnet masks for the VLANs must be the same. The FORMULA 8200 does not
support variable length subnet masks.
RIP mode
Active provides IP routing between VLANs with RIP, sends RIP messages every 30
seconds, and updates routing tables.
Silent does not provide IP routing between VLANs or send IP messages, but updates
routing tables.
Deaf or inactive does not provide routing between VLANs, does not send RIP
messages, and does not update routing tables.
Repeat the steps to create additional VLANs.
3-9
Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN)
To display the configuration of a virtual LAN:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VLAN <VLAN#> command.
The following is an example configuration display of the
previously-created VLAN 2:
VLAN/SHOW/VLAN 2
VLAN ID:2
VLAN Description:TEST
Router Description:TESTROUTER
Network Address:149.35.101.31
Subnetwork Mask:255.255.255.0
Broadcast Address:149.35.101.255
Admin Status:EMABLE
Operation Status:ACTIVE
Port Members:
3-10
Virtual Physical
Port ID Port ID
======= =======
VLAN
ID
====
Port
Type
====
Port
MAC Address
===========
4
4
2
Bridge
5
5
2
18
33
2
Bridge
State
======
Admin
Status
======
Operation
Status
==========
0:60:e8:ff:ff:23 Disable
Enable
Inactive
Bridge
0:60:e8:ff:ff:24 Forward
Enable
Active
Router
0:60:e8:ff:ff:50
Enable
Active
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Configuring a Virtual Bridge
A virtual bridge is created when you create a VLAN.
To configure bridge parameters for an existing
bridge:
1. Enter the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE <VLAN#> command.
For example, enter:
BRIDGE 1
When you enter this command, a full menu of configurable
choices appears, as shown below:
/VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE 1
Spanning Tree Parameters Modification for VLAN 1:
1) Spanning tree Status is ON for this VLAN, set to OFF? (y/n)
2) New Priority (0..65535) (current value is 32768):
3) New Bridge Hello Time (1..10 secs) (current value is 2):
4) New Bridge Max Age (6..40 secs) (current value is 20):
5) New Bridge Forward Delay (4..30 secs)(current value is 15):
6) New Aging Time (10..1000000 secs) (current value is 300):
Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel) >
2. Enter the desired information by entering the item number with
an equal sign (=) and the value.
3. Enter 0 at the prompt to save changes and exit the menu.
Caution
Do not change any of the values unless you are very familiar with
spanning tree parameters and how they affect the status of your
network. Incorrect settings can lead to serious network problems.
For more detailed information about this command and its
parameters, refer to the VBRIDGE command in Chapter 5.
3-11
Configuring a Virtual Bridge
To optimize Spanning Tree functionality:
1. Use the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/FILTER command.
This command permits you to modify the Static Entry Table by
adding or deleting entries. Creating a static entry ensures that
the MAC address does not age out. This is recommended for
devices that require a permanent connection.
For example, the following menu appears when you enter the
VBRIDGE/CONFIG/FILTER/ADD command:
VBRIDGE/CONFIG/FILTER >add
Adding Static Filter Entry:
STATIC ENTRY TABLE
VLAN
vlan | port | dom |
mac_address
|
entryId | flags |
age
0
7
0
00:00:00:00:00:00
0
—
1
1
33
0
00:60:e8:00:34:31
1
—
0
Enter port number (1..16) or Q=Quit:
The table includes VLAN and ARL fields. (ARL, or Address
Resolution Logic, performs the bridge learning functions.)
Most of the information in this table is provided and used
internally by the system.
2. Enter the port number, then provide the required information by
following the prompts.
The VBRIDGE/CONFIG/PARAPORT <VLAN#> command permits
you to set virtual bridge port parameters. This allows you to manually
set, on a per port basis, the priority, path costs, and port status (block
or forward) with or without Spanning Tree enabled. For example, a
similar following screen appears when you enter the VBRIDGE/
CONFIG/PARAPORT <VLAN#> command:
/VBRIDGE/CONFIG/PARAPORT
Port
Port
Path
Number Priority (a) Cost (b)
1
3-12
128
10
Enable
Manual
Spanning Tree(c) Mode (d)
Y
f
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
To display virtual bridge parameters:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE <VLAN#> command.
See Chapter 5, Command Reference, for more information.
3-13
Chapter 4
Operating and Managing the
FORMULA 8200 Switch
This chapter provides an overview of tasks that you may want to
perform in the course of normal operation, including displaying or
configuring parameters related to the following:
❑
System configuration
❑
Internet Protocol (IP)
❑
Ethernet configuration
❑
Port mirroring
❑
Virtual LANs
❑
Virtual bridges
❑
Spanning Tree
❑
RIP
❑
Firmware upgrades
4-1
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Using Online Help
Use the following command to obtain online information about the
CLI:
ALIAS
Lists command shortcuts and briefly describes each.
ALLCMD
List available commands and briefly describes each.
LOOKUP
Displays information about a specific command.
HELP <COMMAND>
Provides brief descriptions of command usage.
For additional information about using these commands (and all
FORMULA 8200 commands), see Chapter 5.
Displaying the System Configuration
The FORMULA 8200 SYSTEM/SHOW command displays system
information, including the version numbers of your:
❑
Boot PROM
❑
Firmware
❑
Operating system
❑
Chassis type
❑
Board serial number
❑
Chassis serial number
❑
MAC address
The SYSTEM command also displays your Internet configuration
data:
❑
Local IP address
❑
Host name
❑
Default gateway
❑
Subnet mask
To display system information:
Enter the SYSTEM/SHOW command. A similar screen appears:
4-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
/SYSTEM/SHOW
Configuration used = cfg
System boot sector:
Startup boot flag0
DRAM size in bytes8388608
Flash in bytes4194304
Board versionb.0
CPU version10.0
ISC version1.0
PIG version15.0
POST diag version1.2.0
ISD diag version0.0.0
Boot PROM version
Boot PROM version1.0.7
QME memory size4195316
CRC checksum0
Console Baud Rate9600
Console configuration
Data Bits8
Paritynone
Stop Bitsone
Chassis configuration:
Number of qmus4
Number of ports16
Chassis Type10002
Operating system version
OS version5.2
Firmware version
FW version1.4.3
Local IP address149.35.101.1
Host nameSWITCH#1
Default gateway149.35.101.1
Net mask255.255.255.0
TFTP server
TFTP firmware file
TFTP config file
Board Serial number = H6970318 Chassis Serial Number= JS000434
Mac Address =
0 ff ff ff ff
0
Boot flag = ff ff ff ff
Boot IP = 149.35.101.31
Machine Type = BT
Motherboard physical type = TExpand board physical type = T
In the last line, T indicates the switch has TX ports on the
onboard and expansion modules. FX ports will be shown as F.
Note
Your firmware version number might be different from the example.
4-3
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying Console Port Parameters
To display the console parameters:
Use the CONSOLE command. You can perform the following
functions:
CONSOLE/LOCK 1
Locks the console from remote sessions.
CONSOLE/LOCK 0
Unlocks the console from remote sessions.
CONSOLE/SHOW
Displays the console parameters.
For additional information about using these commands, refer to
CONSOLE Command in Chapter 5.
4-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Displaying Ethernet Port Settings Information
To display Ethernet port information:
Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/PORT command. The following
screen shows the port configuration for a FORMULA 8200
switch with 8 TX ports and 8 FX expansion ports.
/ETHERNET/SHOW> port
Physical Port#
==============
FX ports
Autoneg
=======
Speed
=======
Duplex
=======
1
on
100MBPS
HALF
2
on
100MBPS
HALF
3
on
100MBPS
HALF
4
on
100MBPS
HALF
5
on
100MBPS
HALF
6
on
100MBPS
HALF
7
on
100MBPS
HALF
8
on
100MBPS
HALF
9
off
100MBPS
FULL
10
off
100MBPS
FULL
11
off
100MBPS
FULL
12
off
100MBPS
FULL
13
off
100MBPS
FULL
14
off
100MBPS
FULL
15
off
100MBPS
FULL
16
off
100MBPS
FULL
4-5
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Configuring Ethernet Port Settings
Note
You cannot configure FX ports. They are fixed at 100 Mbps, full
duplex.
You can configure the following parameters for TX ports:
❑
Autonegotiation
❑
Port speed
❑
Port duplex
To configure Ethernet port parameters:
1. Use the ETHERNET/CONFIG/PORT command.
/ETHERNET/CONFIG/PORT
Ethernet Port Configuration
(Press <Return> to take default value, Q to Quit)
Enter port(s) number to configure (1..16) (<port#-port#>):1 2 3
Autonegotiation enable? (y/n) (default=y):N
Port speed (1=10MBPS, 2=100MBPS) (default=100MBPS):1
Half duplex/Full duplex (1=Half, 2=Full) (default=Half):1
Transmission enable? (y/n) (default=y):Y
Receiving enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Enter (S=save, Q=quit): S
2. Enter new configurations, or accept the defaults.
For example, if the screen shows autonegotiation as being
disabled (N), and you want to keep it disabled, enter N again.
Otherwise, if you just press Enter, the autonegotiation reverts
to the default setting as enabled (Y).
4-6
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Configuring Ethernet Port Statistics
Ethernet statistics disabled by default.
To enable or disable port statistics
1. Use the ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT commands to enter the port
number(s) for which statistics are enabled.
2. Enter y to confirm statistics gathering.
Note
Pressing Enter without entering a value does not change current
settings.
See the following screen as an example:
/ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT/PORT
Ethernet Port Statistics Configuration (Press <Return> to take default
value,
Q to Quit)
Enter port(s) number to configure (1..16) (<port#>, <port#-port#>):1
Enable port statistics? (y/n) (default=n): y
3. Enter s to save the configuration, as in the following screen:
Port(s) number to configure: 1
Collect Port Statistics: Enabled
Enter (S=save, Q=quit):s
.... Updating system/VLAN configuration ....
4-7
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying Ethernet Port Statistics Information
When enabled, you can display port statistics, such as transmit and
receive frames and errors.
Note
Before using this command, ensure that statistics are enabled via the
ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT command (previous section).
To display Ethernet port statistics (when enabled):
Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/STAT command to determine if a port has
its statistics gathering function on. Then use ETHERNET/SHOW/
COUNT <PORT#> to display statistical information about a port.
/ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT 1
PORT#1 RX/TX Statistics
**************************************************
TX bytes: 103488
TX frames:
Transmit (TX)
port statistics
UniCast: 0
MultiCast: 1617
BroadCast: 0
TX errors:
Fcs: 0
txUndrErrs: 0
ExcessColl: 0
OneColl: 0
multiColl: 0
RX bytes: 0
RX frames:
UniCast: 0
Receive (RX)
port statistics
rx64: 0
MultiCast: 0
rx65to127: 0
rx256to511: 0
BroadCast: 0
rx128to255: 0
rx512to1023: 0
rx1024to1518: 0
RX errors:
Fcs: 0
AlignOrErr: 0
rxErrOverSz: 0
CPU/memory
statistics
4-8
discBuffFull: 0
rxGoodOverSz: 0
rxGoodUndSz: 0
discMemFull: 0
rxErrUndSz: 0
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Clearing a Port’s Statistics Counters
To clear a port’s statistics counters:
Use the ETHERNET/CONFIG/CLEAR <PORT#> command.
This command resets the port’s statistics to 0. If polling is
enabled, the counters begin to increment at the next polling
interval.
Using Ethernet Port Mirroring
You need to provide a network analyzer to monitor traffic on the
FORMULA 8200.
Port mirroring lets you nonintrusively monitor the network traffic on
one port from another port. You can set up port mirroring for any
pair of Ethernet ports within the same switch. When you enable port
mirroring, the active or mirrored port transmits and receives
normally, and the mirroring or snoop port receives a copy of the
receive traffic of that active port.
Note
Before using the port mirroring feature, you must enable port
statistics hardware and statistics polling by using the ETHERNET/
CONFIG/STAT command.
The following procedure shows you how to configure port mirroring
using four basic steps:
❑
Configure the snoop port to mirror receive (rx) traffic
❑
Configure the port to be monitored
❑
Verify the configuration
❑
View the mirrored information
At the end of this section, a procedure also shows you how to clear
the snoop port.
4-9
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
To configure port mirroring:
1. Enter ETHERNET/CONFIG/SETSNOOP <PORT# rxFLAG > to
configure the snoop port.
The snoop can monitor receive (rx) traffic. After entering the
port number (port#), enter one of the following two rxFLAG/
txFLAG combinations:
rxFLAG
txFLAG
Function
1
0
Receive
0
0
Reset (clear snoop port)
For example, enter the following command to configure port
1 as the snoop port in receive-only (rx) mode:
/ETHERNET/CONFIG > SETSNOOP 1 1 0
2. Configure Ethernet ports to be monitored by entering one of the
following commands:
If you specified the receive flag (1 0) in Step 1, enter:
ETHERNET/CONFIG/RXMIRROR
to see the following display:
Enter the mirror types, any combination of
u=unicast, b=broadcast, d=discarded, a= ARL,D=Disable:
3. Specify the type of traffic to be viewed on the monitored port
(unicast, broadcast, and so on).
For example, enter u.
4. Enter the number of the port to be the monitored.
For example, enter 6 as in the following display. You may also
enter a series of ports by separating the numbers with a space.
Enter the mirror types, any combination of
u=unicast,b=broadcast,d=discarded,a=marked by ARL,D=Disable: U
Enter physical port number(s): 6
5. Display the port mirroring configuration to confirm the correct
settings by entering the following command:
ETHERNET/CONFIG/SNOOPMIRROR
4-10
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
This displays both the monitor port as well as the port to be
monitored. In the following example, port 1 is set to monitor
port 6’s receive (rx) traffic of the unicast type:
/ETHERNET/CONFIG/SNOOPMIRROR
Monitor or “snoop” port = 1
Port to monitor = 6
Communication = receive
Traffic type = unicast
Snoop port:
1 RX
RX unicast:
6
RX broadcast
RX discarded:
RX ARL:
TX unicast &
broadcast:
TX ARL:
6. View the mirrored information by entering:
ETHERNET/SHOW/STAT <PORT#>
where <PORT#> is the number of the snoop port.
To clear a snoop port:
1. Enter ETHERNET/CONFIG/SETSNOOP <SNOOP PORT# 0 0> to
remove the flag from the snoop port.
2. Enter the following command:
ETHERNET/CONFIG/RXMIRROR
The following prompt is displayed:
>/ethernet/config/rxmirror
Enter the mirror types, any combination of
u=unicast, b=broadcast, d=discarded, a= ARL,D=Disable:
3. Enter D (uppercase) for Disable.
4. Enter ETHERNET/CONFIG/SNOOPMIRROR to make sure the
display does not show any ports in the snoop mirror
configuration.
4-11
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying Virtual LAN (VLAN) Information
To display the VLAN information:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VLAN command.
/VLAN/SHOW/VLAN
Virtual LAN Information :
VLAN
ID
====
VLAN
Description
===============
IP Network
Address
==============
Admin
Status
======
Operation
Status
=========
Port
Membership
===========
1
Default VLAN (#1)
137.168.24.190
ENABLE
ACTIVE
1-16
If this is the first time you are displaying VLAN information
prior to configuring any VLANs, the screen shows all ports
belonging to the default, VLAN 1.
4-12
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Displaying Virtual Router Information
To display virtual router information:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VROUTER command.
/VLAN/SHOW/VROUTER
Virtual Router Information :
VLAN
ID
====
Router
Description
===========
IP Network
Subnet
Address
Mask
============ ============
Virtual
Port ID
=======
1
Default VLAN 137.168.28.0 255.255.255.0 17
Admin
Status
=======
Operation
Status
=======
ENABLE
ACTIVE
In addition, the following commands display or modify information
about routing:
❑
INET/SHOW/ROUTE displays the routing table.
❑
VLAN/CONFIG/MODIFY <VLAN#> modifies VLAN parameters.
❑
INET/CONFIG/ROUTE adds or deletes routes.
For more information about these commands, see Chapter 5.
4-13
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying Virtual Port Information
To display virtual port information about a transparent
bridge port:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VPORT command.
/VLAN/SHOW/VPORT
Virtual Port Information :
Virtual Physical VLAN
Port ID Port ID
ID
======= ======== ====
Port
Port
Bridge
Type
MAC Address
State
====== ================ =======
Admin
Status
=======
Operation
Status
=======
1
1
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:20 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
2
2
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:21 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
3
3
2
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:22 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
4
4
2
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:23 DISABLE
ENABLE
INACTIVE
5
5
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:24 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
6
6
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:25 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
7
7
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:26 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
8
8
10
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:27 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
9
9
9
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:28 DISABLE
ENABLE
INACTIVE
10
10
1
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:29 FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
11
11
1
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2a FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
12
12
9
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2b FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
13
13
9
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2c FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
14
14
15
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2d FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
15
15
15
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2e FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
16
16
15
BRIDGE 0:60:e8:ff:ff:2f FORWARD
ENABLE
ACTIVE
17
33
1
ROUTER 0:60:e8:ff:ff:50
ENABLE
ACTIVE
The screen shows a 16-port FORMULA 8200 (Physical
Port ID) and their VLAN assignments (VLAN ID) with
spanning tree status (Bridge State). Ports that are linked
and operational as shown as active (Operation Status),
and VLAN is enabled on all ports (Admin Status).
The system automatically creates Virtual Port ID 17 and its
corresponding Virtual Physical Port ID 33 for VLAN 1 routing
functions. As you create additional VLANs and enable routing
for them (Chapter 3, Configuring a Virtual LAN (VLAN) on
page 3-8), the system creates additional Virtual Port IDs but
assigns the same Physical Port ID number, 33, for the routing
function.
4-14
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Displaying Virtual Port Statistics
To display virtual port statistics:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VSTATS command.
/VLAN/SHOW/VSTATS
Virtual Port Statistics:
INBOUND
Virtual
Port ID
=======
Frames
=======
Octets
=======
Ucast
BCast
======= =======
Mcast
=======
BufDisc
=======
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
4
256
0
4
0
0
.
.
.
17
OUTBOUND
Virtual
Port ID
=======
Frames
=======
Octets
=======
Ucast
BCast
======= =======
Mcast
=======
BufDisc
=======
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
0
0
0
0
0
0
3
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
84
0
2
0
0
.
.
.
17
You can enable or disable compiling of the virtual port statistics by
using the ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT command.
4-15
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying Virtual Bridge Information
You can display three types of virtual bridge parameters:
❑
Spanning tree bridge parameters
❑
Spanning tree port parameters
❑
The bridge forwarding table
To display spanning tree bridge parameters:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE <VLAN#> command.
The following display is an example of what you might see
when you enter the command for VLAN 1:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE 1
Spanning Tree Parameters for VLAN 1
Spanning Tree Status : ON
Priority : 32768 (0x8000)
Bridge ID : 8000-0060e8ffff00
Designated Root : 8000-0060e8ffff00
Cost to Root Bridge : 0
Root Port : None
Hold Time : 1
Global parameters
Topology Changes : 0
Last Topology Change : No Topology Change So Far
Local parameters
Bridge Aging Timer : 300
Parameters System Uses When
Current Parameters
Attempting to Become Root:
-------------------------------------------------------Max Age
20 secs
System Max Age
20 secs
Forward Delay 15 secs
System Forward Delay15 secs
Hello Time
System Hello Time 2 secs
2 secs
For more detailed information about this command, refer to the
VBRIDGE command in Chapter 5.
4-16
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Displaying Spanning Tree Port Parameters
To display spanning tree port parameters:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT <VLAN#> command.
The following display is an example of what you might see
when you enter the command for VLAN 1:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT 1
Spanning Tree Port Parameters for VLAN 1
Port
Number Pri
------- ---
State
--------
Path
Cost
-----
Desig
Cost
-----
Desig
Port
-------
Root
Port
----
Root Bridge ID
Desig Bridge ID
--------------
16
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-16
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
15
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-15
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
14
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-14
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
3
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-03
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
2
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-02
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
1
128
FORWDING
10
0
8000-01
None
8000-0060e8ffff00
8000-0060e8ffff00
.
.
.
For more detailed information about this command, refer to the
VBRIDGE command in Chapter 5.
4-17
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying the Bridge Forwarding Table
The Bridge Forwarding Table displays the MAC addresses and their
forwarding and filtering information for a given group. The
transparent bridging function uses the information in the table to
determine how to forward frames.
To display the bridge forwarding table:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT command.
A table similar to the following appears:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT
VLAN
ARL
vlan
port
dom
mac_address
flags
age
1
7
0
00:a0:d2:c1:55:01
—
5
1
33
0
00:60:e8:ff:ff:50
—
0
For more detailed information about this command, refer to
VBRIDGE in Chapter 5.
To display the total number of addresses in the table:
Use the command ETHERNET/SHOW/MACADDRCOUNT (alias
srccnt) to display a screen similar to the following:
/ETHERNET/SHOW/SRCCNT
MAC address Count in Source Table = 22
Other related commands:
Refer to the ETHERNET/CONFIG/FLUSH example under the
ETHERNET command in Chapter 5 for details.
4-18
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Upgrading Firmware
This section describes the procedures for using TFTP to download
the FORMULA 8200 system software (image file, binary) from your
TFTP server to the FORMULA 8200 switch.
Prior to the TFTP download process:
1. Your TFTP server must be running the TFTP daemon (UNIX) or a
TFTP process (DOS/Windows). Without the daemon or the
process, your download from your server will fail.
2. If you have Solaris, refer to Appendix B for the procedures to
configure a TFTP server on that platform.
3. If you have DOS or Windows, you have several options:
❑
❑
❑
Castle Rock’s SNMPc includes a TFTP server. Refer to the
documentation for server setup.
Shareware TFTP servers are available for Windows95 or
WindowsNT.
For other TCP/IP stacks, check your software applications for
details.
4. The IP address of the switch and the TFTP server must be on the
same subnet.
5. You need the latest FORMULA 8200’s system software file from
Allied Telesyn. The software is available from the World Wide Web
or from Allied Telesyn’s anonymous FTP server. For questions,
please phone the Allied Telesyn’s Technical Support. For
information on how to contact the nearest Allied Telesyn location,
refer to Appendix A.
6. Note the name of the FORMULA 8200 system software file that
resides on your TFTP server. This is the software file you will
download.
7. Make sure the software file on your server has read and write
access. In UNIX, enter
chmod 777 <filename>
to give read and write access to the files. Then copy the
software file to the appropriate directory on your TFTP server.
8. Verify the physical connection from your TFTP server to the
FORMULA 8200.
4-19
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Backing Up
Your Current
Configurations
The upgrade may change some settings to new defaults, and this
may or may not cause a problem.
To ensure your ability to restore your current switch configurations
after the software upgrade, you need to back up the following
configuration files to your TFTP server:
❑
SYSTEM.CUR contains the majority of the configuration files
❑
AGENT.CNF contains location, contact, and SNMP
management information (backup optional)
1. Log in to the switch and PING the TFTP server to verify
communications:
/ >ping 192.48.127.124
192.48.127.124 is alive
2. Assign an IP address to the TFTP server:
/ >tftp/server
IP address of the tftp server ( ) :192.48.127.124
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash...
Updating system/VLAN configuration...
3. If you are using a UNIX TFTP server, the file must exist (for
example, system.001) in the directory path indicated in the
/etc/inetd.conf file. It must also have read, write, and
execute permissions for everyone:
cd /tftpboot
touch system.001
chmod 777 system.001
4. In your switch, backup the configuration files by using the TFTP/
UPLOAD/CFG command. In this command, you need to specify
the name of the file(s) you want to backup:
4-20
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
/>tftp/upload/cfg
Name of file on switch ( ) : system.cur
Name of file on tftp server ( )
: system.001
File “/flash/system.cur” on switch to be copied to server “192.48.127.124” as
“system.001”
Are they correct? (y/n) y
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) n
LF = /flash/system.cur, RF = system.001, SRV = 192.48.127.124, op = put
/TFTP/UPLOAD>
Repeat the procedure to upload AGENT.CNF to a
corresponding pre-existing file (for example, agent.001) in
the server.
You are done backing up your files. You may proceed with the
software upgrade.
Configuring for
the Download
Process
To configure the FORMULA 8200 for the TFTP download
process:
The following steps provide the FORMULA 8200 with the IP
address of your TFTP server:
1. Log in to the switch and enter:
/TFTP/SERVER
2. Enter the IP address of your TFTP server.
Enter Y in the Save the configuration to flash?
(y/n) prompt to save the TFTP server configuration for later
use.
/TFTP/SERVER
IP address of the tftp server () : 192.5.5.18
Save the configuration to flash? (y/n) Y
Writing new configuration to flash ...
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
3. Verify that you can PING the TFTP server from the
FORMULA 8200.
You are now ready to download software to your
FORMULA 8200 switch.
Caution
There is only enough space on the switch to store one version of
software. Do not attempt to download multiple versions on the
switch.
4-21
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Downloading
the Firmware
To download:
The following steps provide the FORMULA 8200 with the
name of the switch system file that resides on your TFTP
server:
1. Enter:
TFTP/DOWNLOAD/FIRMWARE
2. Verify that the information displayed on the screen is correct and
enter Y. Then enter Y again to save the configuration to flash.
A similar screen appears:
/TFTP/DOWNLOAD/Firmware
Name of file on tftp server (v13r28.z) : <filename>
File <filename> on server (192.5.5.18) is to be copied to switch as "/flash/
firmware"
Are they correct? (y/n) Y
Save the configuration to flash? (y/n) Y
3. Verify that the information on the screen is correct. Confirmation
of the above information invokes the TFTP download process.
This process takes approximately 5 minutes.
After the TFTP download process completes, the switch
system software is saved to flash memory and you see the
following prompt:
/TFTP/DOWNLOAD >
4. Reboot the switch either by using the REBOOT command or by
pressing the Reset button on the front of the switch.
Rebooting enables the FORMULA 8200 to load the new
system software from flash to running memory (DRAM). The
system then runs and displays POST (power on self test) and
other diagnostic information, as shown in the following
example:
4-22
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Boot POST in progress...
PROM version: 1.0.7
Sizing DRAM (value displayed is bank size or error code)...
DRAM now configured into a contiguous block:
Address: ............. 0xa0000000 - 0xa07ffffc
Running DRAM test...
Initializing 4650 icache and dcache...
Initializing PIG chip...
Initializing PMIU chips...
PMIU_0 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_1 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_2 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_3 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
Initializing PHY chips...
Initializing interrupt vectors in DRAM...
Running Extended DRAM test...
Boot POST complete, passing control to firmware...
Press the spacebar to stop auto-boot...
This completes the software upgrade on the switch. You must now
restore the configuration files you backed up.
4-23
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Restoring Your
Configurations
After making sure the software upgrade is stable, you may restore
your old configurations using the following procedure.
To restore your configurations;
1. Log in to the switch and PING the TFTP server to verify
communications:
/ >ping 192.48.127.124
192.48.127.124 is alive
2. Assign an IP address to the TFTP server:
/ >tftp/server
IP address of the tftp server ( ) :192.48.127.124
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash...
Updating system/VLAN configuration...
3. Restore the configuration files by using the TFTP/DOWNLOAD//
CFG command. In this command, you need to specify the name
of the file(s) you want to restore:
/ >tftp/download/cfg
Name of file on switch (system.cur) :
Name of file on tftp server (system.001)
File “system.001”
flash/system.cur”
on server
:
(192.48.12.124)
Are they correct? (y/n) y
Save TFTP configuration to flash?
(y/n)
is to be copied to switch as
y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash ...Updating system/VLAN configuration
LF = /flash/system.cur,
RF = system.001,
SRV = 192.48.127.124,
op = get
/TFTP/DOWNLOAD>
4. Reboot the switch using the REBOOT command on the console
prompt.
/ TFTP/DOWNLOAD>top
/ >reboot
Are you sure, you want to reboot ? [y/n]: y
4-24
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
In Case of
Problems With
the Software
Upgrade
This section tells you what to do if the software upgrade fails due to
interruptions or if you see error messages while rebooting the switch
as part of the upgrade process.
Interruptions during the download process
Interrupting a software download (for example, rebooting the switch
or disconnecting the power cord) creates files of 0 bytes. Attempts to
download again will not succeed because the download process
cannot write over these files.
If you encounter these problems:
1. Log in to the switch.
2. Manually delete the firmware file by entering:
/FILE/DELETE firmware
3. Download the firmware again.
Error message during the boot process
If you see the following error message:
error uncompressing file
status=0X3D00Q can’t load boot file.
this means you can not use the CLI to download. Refer to
Appendix C, Downloading Software at the [VxWorks] Prompt, for
alternate procedures on how to download software to the
FORMULA 8200.
4-25
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Displaying RIP Support Information
The FORMULA 8200 IP routing function is implemented on an
individual-VLAN basis. When a VLAN is created, the FORMULA 8200
provides an option to configure its interface as an IP router and
allows the network manager to choose from four RIP modes: active
(send and receive RIP packets), deaf (send only), inactive (RIP
disabled) or silent (receive only).
To display routes:
Use the INET/SHOW/ROUTE command.
/INET/SHOW/ROUTE
ROUTE NET TABLE:
Address
============
Gateway
=============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
==============
192.18.29.0
192.18.29.200
1
1
VLAN INTERFACE
192.18.30.0
192.18.30.200
1
2
VLAN INTERFACE
ROUTE HOST TABLE:
4-26
Address
============
Gateway
=============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
==============
132.10.10.1
192.18.29.200
2
1
STATIC
131.20.20.1
192.18.29.200
1
1
STATIC
193.10.10.1
192.18.29.200
1
1
STATIC
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
1
1
LOOPBACK
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Modifying the IP RIP Mode
This section shows you how to modify the IP RIP mode once a VLAN
has been created. You can set the RIP mode to one of four available
states:
❑
Active (a) - to send and receive RIP packets
❑
Deaf (d) - to send only
❑
Inactive (i) - to disable RIP
❑
Silent (s) - to receive only
In the example below, the initial mode is silent and is modified to
active. Use the same procedure to change the mode to any other
state.
To modify the IP RIP mode:
1. Enter the VLAN/CONFIG/MODIFY <VLAN#> command.
The following display appears:
VLAN Modification :
VLAN 3 Configuration Parameters Current Value
-----------------------------------------------------1) VLAN ID :- 3
2) Description :- VLAN 3
3) VLAN enabled :- Y
4) IP enabled :- Y
5) Network Address : - 192.18.31.200
6) Subnetwork Mask :- 255.255.255.0
7) Broadcast Address : - 192.18.31.255
8) Router Description :- Router for VLAN 3
9) IP RIP Mode (Active(a), Silent(s), Deaf(d), Inactive(i)) :
-
Silent
-----------------------------------------------------Modification instruction :
usage: <number of parameter> = <new vlaue>
command example:
2 = Engineering VLAN(#1)
--------------------------------------------Enter selection (0 to commit, c to cancel) >
2. Set RIP mode to Active by entering the following at the prompt:
9=A
3. Confirm the change by entering 0 at the prompt:
Enter selection (0 to commit, c to cancel) >0
4-27
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Configuring Static Routes
To add static routes:
Use the INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/ADD command.
/INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/ADD
Add static route Host/network IP address: 132.10.10.1
Gateway IP address: 192.18.29.200
Metric: 2
Add route? (yes) y
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
Route has been added.
All static routes are saved into the FORMULA 8200 flash memory and
downloaded at startup or system reset.
Deleting Static
Routes
To delete a static route:
Use the INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/DELETE command:
/INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/DELETE
Delete static route Host/network IP address: 130.10.10.1
Gateway IP address: 192.18.29.200
Delete route? (yes) y
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
Static route has been deleted.
4-28
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Removing an IP Default Gateway
To remove an IP default gateway:
Use the INET/CONFIG/ROUTE/RMDEFAULT command.
Remove default route Gateway IP address: 192.18.29.200
Delete route? (yes) y
Route has been deleted.
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
Static route has been deleted from the flash.
Default route has been deleted.
/INET/CONFIG/ROUTE >VIR
ROUTE NET TABLE:
Address
============
Gateway
=============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
==============
192.18.29.0
192.18.29.200
1
1
VLAN INTERFACE
192.18.30.0
192.18.30.200
1
2
VLAN INTERFACE
ROUTE HOST TABLE:
Address
============
Gateway
=============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
==============
132.10.10.1
192.18.29.200
2
1
STATIC
131.20.20.1
192.18.29.200
1
1
STATIC
193.10.10.1
192.18.29.200
1
1
STATIC
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
1
1
LOOPBACK
4-29
Operating and Managing the FORMULA 8200 Switch
Configuring SNMP Parameters
You can configure the FORMULA 8200 to communicate with a
network management station via SNMP (SNMP v.1 only). To
configure the FORMULA 8200 as an SNMP managed networking
device, you can provide system description, system contact, system
location, and both read and write community strings.
To configure the FORMULA 8200 as an SNMP managed
device:
1. Use the SNMP/CONFIG command to configure SNMP parameters
as in the following screen:
/SNMP/CONFIG
SNMP Agent configuration:
system contact () : JOE ADMIN
system location () : ENGINEERING LAB
Read community string (public) :
Write community string (private) :
SNMP trap destination table is empty.
Enter A=add, C=change, D=delete, Q=quit
2. Enter A to create a trap destination table and then respond to the
prompts. For example:
— Enter 192.2.150.49 as the destination IP address.
— Press Enter to accept 162 as the default UDP port number.
— Enter public as the community string.
The screen displays the following similar information:
SNMP Trap Destination Table
Index
=====
1.
IP Address
==========
UDP Port
==========
Community
==========
192.2.150.49
162
public
Enter A=add, C=change, D=delete, Q=Quit:
3. Enter q to quit and then y to save the information to flash as in the
following example:
Enter A=add, C=change, D=delete, Q=Quit: q
OK to write SNMP config file (y/n)? y
4-30
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Displaying SNMP Parameters
To display system description, location and contact:
1. Use the SNMP/SHOW/PARAM command:
/SNMP/SHOW/PARAM
System Description:
System location :
System contact :
2. Enter the information at the prompts.
To display the read community string:
Use the SNMP/SHOW/READCOMM command.
To display the write community string:
Use the SNMP/SHOW/WRITECOMM command.
4-31
Chapter 5
Command Reference
The FORMULA 8200 command line interface (CLI) is a hierarchical
menu-driven interface with menus, submenus, and commands
arranged in a tree structure. This chapter includes:
❑
Information about how to enter commands
❑
A list of commands, subcommands, and aliases
❑
A description of each command, including syntax, default
settings, and examples
To access the main command menu:
Enter ? at the FORMULA 8200 prompt, as shown below:
== MAIN MENU ==
?
ALIAS
ALLCMD
[ATM]
[BOOT]
[CONSOLE]
[ELOG]
[ETHERNET]
EXIT
[FDDI]
[FILE]
[INET]
LOOKUP
[MODE]
[PORTSERV]
REBOOT
[SNMP]
[SYSTEM]
[TFTP]
TOP
UP
[VBRIDGE]
[VLAN]
[TRACE]
/ >
Figure 5-1 illustrates the FORMULA 8200 CLI command tree.
5-1
Command Reference
ALIAS
ALLCMD
CREATE
CONFIG
CIP (ccip)
LEC (clec)
PTOP (cptop)
TRUNK (ctrunk)
DELETE
CIP (dcip)
LEC (dlec)
PTOP (dptop)
TRUNK (dtrunk)
DISABLE
CIP (cipdis)
PTOP (ptopdis)
TRUNK (trunkdis)
ENABLE
CIP (cipen)
PTOP (ptopen)
TRUNK (trunken)
MODIFY
CIP (mcip)
LEC (mlec)
PORT (map)
PTOP (mptop)
TRUNK (mtrunk)
ATM
ARP
ARP CIP (vciparp)
ARP LEC (vlecarp)
CIP (vcip)
CONNECTION (vac)
LEC (vlec)
PORT (vap)
PTOP (vptop)
TRUNK (vtrunk)
SHOW
STATS
IP CONFIG (ipcfg)
IP EEPROM (ipprom)
IP (ipb)
BOOT
SHOW (vboot)
ALL (updcfg)
ATM (udatm)
SYSTEM (udsys)
UPDATE
LOCK (lcn)
CONSOLE
SHOW (vcon)
ELOG
CLEAR (clrelog)
CURRENT (current)
DETAIL (detail)
RANGE (range)
SEVERITY (severe)
SHORT (srtelog)
SHOW (velog)
AUTOREBOOT (elogboot)
Figure 5-1: CLI Command Tree With Aliases, 1 of 3
5-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
CONFIG
ETHERNET
FLUSH
CLEAR (epclr)
PORT (epcfg)
RXMIRROR (rxm)
SETSNOOP (snp)
SNOOPMIRROR (snpm)
STAT
PORTFLUSH (pf)
ALLPORTFLUSH (allpf)
UPLINKFLUSH (uplnkpf)
PORT (estcfg)
TXMIRROR (txm)
SHOW
PORT (vep)
STAT (ves)
COUNT (est)
MACADDRCOUNT (srccnt)
CONFIG
BRIDGE
EXIT
ADD (fbradd)
AGE (fage)
DELETE (fbrdel)
MODE (fbrcfg
BRIDGE
TABLE (fbr)
MAC
COUNTERS (fmacc)
NBRADDR (fmacnbr)
STATS (fmacs+)
STATUS (fmacs)
PORT
COUNTERS (fportc)
STATUS (fports)
SUMMARY (fport)
STAT
ID (fsmtid)
STATUS (fsmts)
SUMMARY (fsmt)
FDDI
SHOW
FILE
COPY (cp)
DELETE (rm)
LIST (ls)
RENAME (mv)
RMCFG (rmall)
RZ (load)
SZ
TYPE (cat)
CONFIG
ROUTE (cir)
IPR (cipr)
ADD (circa)
DEFAULT (cirsdr)
DELETE (cird)
RMDEFAULT (cirdir)
PING (ping)
RLOGIN (rlogin)
SHOW
ARP (varp)
ROUTE (vir)
STATIC (vis)
ICONNECT (vicon)
RTCACHE (virc)
STATS
FORWARD (fwdst)
ICMP (icmpst)
IP (ipst)
SNMP (snmpst)
TCP (tcpst)
UDP (udpst)
INET
LOOKUP (lookup)
Figure 5-1. CLI Command Tree With Aliases, 2 of 3
5-3
Command Reference
CONFIG
MODE
BATCHIN (batchin)
CLOSE (close)
OUTPUT (output)
SAVECMD (savecmd)
SHOW (vmode)
CONFIG
CREATE (cps)
MOVE (mvps)
REMOVE (rmps)
PORTSERV
SHOW
REBOOT (reset)
CONFIG (snmpcfg)
SNMP
SHOW
PARAM (vsnmpp)
READCOMM (vread)
WRITECOMM (vwrite)
CONFIG
ADMINPW (admpw)
DATE (date)
TIME (time)
UPTIME (uptime)
SYSTEM
SHOW (vsys)
DOWNLOAD
TFTP
SERVER (tftpcfg)
UPLOAD
CFG (dldcfg)
FIRMWARE (dldfrm)
CFG (uldcfg)
FIRMWARE (uldfrm)
TOP (top)
UP (up)
CONFIG
THROTTLE (ctb)
BRIDGE (cvb)
FILTER
ADD (addfl)
DELETE (delfl)
PARAPORT (vbpa)
VBRIDGE
SHOW
BRIDGE (vvb)
FILTER
FWT (vfwt)
PORT (vvbp)
CONFIG
ADDPORT (addvp)
CREATE (cvl)
DELPORT (delvp)
DISABLE (vldisb)
ENABLE (vlenb)
MODIFY (mdvl)
MOVPORT (mvvp)
REMOVE (rmvl)
SHOW
VLAN (vvl)
VPORT (vvp)
VROUTER (vvr)
VSTATS (vpst)
VLAN
ALL (fl)
Figure 5-1. CLI Command Tree With Aliases, 3 of 3
5-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ATM and FDDI Support
The ATM and FDDI commands in this chapter are enabled if you have
the appropriate card installed in the uplink slot: the AT-8202 for ATM
or the AT-8203 for FDDI connectivity.
For details about ATM commands, refer to the AT-8202 ATM Uplink
User’s Guide. For details about FDDI commands, refer to the
AT-8203 FDDI Uplink User’s Guide. These guides are available in
PDF format from Allied Telesyn website at www.alliedtelesyn.com/
manuals.htm.
5-5
Command Reference
Command Edit Mode
The command interface provides a history mechanism similar to the
UNIX K-shell history facility, which allows you to automatically
display and edit previously typed commands. This feature may help
save time when entering frequently used commands.
Edit Mode
Commands
Table 5-1 lists commonly used edit commands. There are other
advanced commands available; however, only the most common are
listed here. If you are familiar with the UNIX K-shell history facility,
most of the same commands may be used in the FORMULA 8200
command line interface.
Table 5-1
Command
Action
Esc k
Display the previous command backward in history.
Continue pressing k to scroll through the last 20
commands.
Esc j
Display the next command forward in history.
Continue pressing j to scroll forward.
Esc l or [Spacebar]
Esc h
Esc dd
Go left one character.
Delete entire line.
Insert (characters typed after you press i
are inserted from the cursor forward.)
Press [Escape] to return to edit mode.
Esc x
Delete a character from cursor forward.
Esc /<sample>
Search for string sample backward in history.
Esc ?<sample>
Search for string sample forward in history.
Esc cw
5-6
Go right one character.
Esc i
Esc 0 (zero)
Command
Descriptions
FORMULA 8200 Edit Commands
Go to beginning of line.
Change word (deletes the word your
cursor is on and lets you type a new one).
The remainder of this chapter provides a description of each
command, including its syntax, a description of the command and
any subcommands, any default settings, and examples showing
command usage.
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ALIAS Command
Syntax
ALIAS
Menu
/ >alias
Alias
=====
Description
===========
AAL5ST
Show AAL5 Layer Statistics
ADDFL
Add a static filter table entry
ADDVP
Add port(s) to a VLAN
ADMPW
Change password for admin
ALIAS
Look up aliases that match a pattern
ATMST
Show ATM Layer Statistics
BATCHIN
Read the command sequence from a file and execute one by one
BYE
Close host connection
CAT
Type a file to console
.
Description
The ALIAS command lists all available command aliases and
provides a brief description for each.
Aliases are abbreviated versions of commands or command strings.
For example, instead of entering the command VLAN/CONFIG/
ADDPORT, you can enter the following alias:
addvp
The command aliases are shown in Figure 5-1 earlier in this chapter,
and are also included in the description for each command.
Note
You cannot create an alias.
5-7
Command Reference
ALLCMD Command
Syntax
ALLCMD
Menu
/ >allcmd
Command/Path AlliasDescription
============ ===================
?
ALIAS
ALLCMD
Display the current menu commands
(ALIAS )Look up aliases that match a pattern
List all commands available in CLI
ATM
Menu to configure/show ATM parameters/statistics
CONFIG
Menu to configure ATM parameters
CREATE Menu to create ATM specific services
CIP(CCIP)Create CIP logical subnet
LEC(CLEC)Create an ELAN
.
.
.
Description
The ALLCMD command provides a list of available commands and a
brief description for each.
5-8
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ATM Command
Syntax
ATM
ATM/CONFIG
ATM/SHOW
ATM/STATS
ATM/TEST
Menu
/ > atm
== ATM MENU ==
[CONFIG]
[SHOW]
[STATS]
[TEST]
/ATM >
Description
ATM commands are listed in the AT-8202 ATM Uplink User’s Guide.
Download the document in PDF format from Allied Telesyn’s website
at www.alliedtelesyn.com/manuals.htm.
5-9
Command Reference
BOOT Command
Syntax
BOOT
BOOT/IP
BOOT/SHOW
BOOT/UPDATE/<subcommand>
Menu
/
>boot
== BOOT MENU ==
[IP]
SHOW
[UPDATE]
Description
The BOOT command displays and defines boot sector information.
Table 5-2 describes the parameters.
Table 5-2
Subcommands
IP
5-10
Alias
Description
CONFIG
ipcfg
Configure IP, gateway, etc. for
system boot.
EEPROM
ipprom
Configure EEPROM IP
vboot
Show boot post-test results.
ALL
updcfg
Update all configuration from
RAM to flash.
ATM
udatm
Update ATM configuration to
flash.
SYSTEM
updsys
Update system or VLAN
configuration to flash
SHOW
UPDATE
BOOT Command Parameters
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
BOOT/IP/CONFIG Example
To assign a new IP address:
1. Enter the following command:
BOOT/IP/CONFIG
2. Enter the information after each prompt, or press [Enter] to keep
the default.
The following screen is an example of the prompts:
/BOOT >ip/config
Local IP configuration:
IP address (137.168.24.190) :149.35.101.31
Local host name () :
Default gateway (0.0.0.0) :
Net mask (255.255.255.0) :
OK to write config to flash (y/n) ?
/BOOT/IP >
BOOT/UPDATE/SYSTEM Example
To update the system and VLAN configuration to flash:
Enter the following command:
BOOT/UPDATE/SYSTEM
The following display appears:
/BOOT/UPDATE >system
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
/BOOT/UPDATE >
5-11
Command Reference
CONSOLE Command
Syntax
CONSOLE/LOCK
CONSOLE/SHOW
Menu
/ >console
== CONSOLE MENU ==
LOCK
SHOW
Description
The CONSOLE command displays, restricts, or configures the
console parameters. Table 5-3 describes the parameters in
that display.
Table 5-3
5-12
CONSOLE Command Parameters
Subcommand
Alias
Description
LOCK 1
lcn 1
Locks the console from remote sessions. This
command can be entered from the local console
only, and is not available via remote access.
LOCK O
lcn 0
Unlocks a console to enable remote sessions. This
command can be entered from the local console
only, and is not available via remote access.
SHOW
vcon
Shows console parameters.
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
CONSOLE/LOCK Example
To disallow remote access to the console:
Use the CONSOLE/LOCK command:
/CONSOLE >lock 1
Console Locked
/CONSOLE
To unlock the console:
Use the CONSOLE/LOCK 0 command:
/CONSOLE >lock 0
Console Unlocked
CONSOLE/SHOW Example
To display the console parameters:
Use the CONSOLE/SHOW command.
A similar display appears:
/CONSOLE >show
Speed
= 9600
Stopbit
= 1
Databits
= 8
Parity
= no
No. of lines per page = 25
/CONSOLE >
5-13
Command Reference
ELOG Command
Syntax
ELOG
ELOG/CLEAR
ELOG/CURRENT
ELOG/DETAIL
ELOG/RANGE
ELOG/SEVERITY
ELOG/SHORT
ELOG/SHOW
ELOG/AUTOREBOOT
Menu
/elog
== ELOG MENU ==
CLEAR
CURRENT
DETAIL
RANGE
SEVERITY
SHORT
SHOW
AUTOREBOOT
Description
The ELOG command allows you to display or clear the error log.
Table 5-4 describes the parameters in that display.
Table 5-4
5-14
ELOG Command Parameters
Subcommand
Alias
Description
CLEAR
clrelog
Clear the error log.
CURRENT
current
Display the current ten (default) errors.
DETAIL
detail
Display the detailed error log.
RANGE
range
Display the errors within the error code
range.
SEVERITY
range
Display the errors of a specific severity.
SHORT
srtelog
Display the essential information from
the error log.
SHOW
velog
Display total log message number and
size.
AUTOREBOOT
elogboot
Enable or disable automatic reboot
during fatal errors.
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ELOG/CLEAR Example
To clear the error log:
Use the ELOG/CLEAR command.
A similar display appears:
ELOG/clear
System trace log is reset to record 0
/ELOG >
ELOG/CURRENT Example
To show the error log’s current ten default errors:
Use the ELOG/CURRENT command.
A similar display appears:
/ELOG >current
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:22) Code:
3 Level: 0 - Warning : Not tested
(4/21/97 14:8:32) Code: 1702 Level: 2 - GSR Error = 0x0xff000000
/ELOG >
Note
The error log is for Allied Telesyn’s Technical Support use.
5-15
Command Reference
ELOG/SHOW Example
To display the number and size of the error log:
Use the ELOG/SHOW command.
A similar display appears:
/ELOG >show
Event log is enabled
Log size per message=100
Current message index=16
Total number of messages since reboot=16
/ELOG >
In the above display, the following default settings are shown:
5-16
❑
Event log is enabled
❑
Log size per message=100
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ETHERNET Command
Syntax
ETHERNET
ETHERNET/CONFIG/<subcommand>
ETHERNET/SHOW/<subcommand>
Menu
/ethernet
== ETHERNET MENU ==
[SHOW]
[CONFIG]
Description
The ETHERNET command allows you to configure and display
Ethernet port information, and allows you to configure port
mirroring. Table 5-5 describes the parameters in that display.
Table 5-5
Subcommand
SHOW
CONFIG
ETHERNET Command Parameters
Alias
Description
PORT
vep
Show Ethernet interface unit (EIU) port configuration.
STAT
ves
Show EIU statistics configuration.
COUNT
est
Show EIU statistics and counters.
MACADDRCOUNT
srccnt
Show total number of MAC addresses in the source table.
CLEAR
epclr
Clear Ethernet statistics counters for a specific port.
PORT
epcfg
Configure Ethernet port parameters.
RXMIRROR
rsm
Set the receive (RX) mirror port.
SETSNOOP
snp
Set the snoop port.
SNOOPMIRROR
snpm
STAT PORT
estcfg
TXMIRROR
txm
Display the Ethernet statistics configuration menu.
Set the transmit (TX) mirror port.
Display the flush menu.
FLUSH
FLUSH PORTFLU
Show snoop and mirror ports.
pf
Flush all Ethernet entries per port
5-17
Command Reference
Table 5-5
Subcommand
CONFIG
(continued)
ETHERNET Command Parameters (Continued)
Alias
FLUSH ALLPORT
allpf
FLUSH UPLINKF
uplinkf
Description
Flush all Ethernet port entries
Flush all uplink entries
ETHERNET/CONFIG/PORT Example
To enable autonegotiation for Ethernet TX ports 1,2, and
3:
Note
100Base-FX fiber ports are fixed at 100 Mbps and full duplex and
cannot be configured.
1. Use the ETHERNET/CONFIG/PORT command.
2. Enter the desired information at the prompts, which are shown in
the display below.
If a port is set to other than the default, pressing the Enter key
resets it back to the default setting. It does not retain the
previously configured port setting.
Once you have responded to each of the prompts, the settings
are displayed, and you are prompted to save your responses
or to quit.
Autonegotiation prompt
/ETHERNET/CONFIG> port
Ethernet Port Configuration
(Press <Return> to take default value, Q to Quit)
Enter port(s) number to configure (1...16) (<port#-port#>):1 2 3
Autonegotiation enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Transmission enable? (y/n) (default=y):Y
Receiving enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Port(s) number to configure: 1 2 3
Autonegotiation enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Transmission enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Receiving enable? (y/n) (default=y): Y
Enter (S=save, Q=quit): S
5-18
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ETHERNET/CONFIG/RXMIRROR Example
To set the receive mirror port for port mirroring:
Enter the following command:
ETHERNET/CONFIG> rxmirror
Refer to Using Ethernet Port Mirroring in Chapter 4 for more
information.
ETHERNET/CONFIG/SETSNOOP Example
To set the snoop (monitoring) port for port mirroring:
Enter the following command:
ETHERNET/CONFIG> setsnoop
Refer to Using Ethernet Port Mirroring in Chapter 4 for more
detailed information.
ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT Example
To configure Ethernet statistics parameters:
1. Enter ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT/PORT to enable statistics.
/ETHERNET/CONFIG/STAT/PORT
Ethernet Port Statistics Configuration (Press <Return> to take
default value,
Q to Quit)
Enter port(s) number to configure (1..16)(<port#>,<port#-port#>): 1-8
Enable port statistics? (y/n) (default=n): y
Port(s) to configure: 1-8
Collect poll statistics:Enabled
Enter (S=save, Q-quit):
s
............ Updating system/VLAN configuration ..........
2. Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/STAT command to verify that
statistics is turned on, that is, port(s) are shown as Enabled.
5-19
Command Reference
ETHERNET/CONFIG/FLUSH Example
To clear dynamically learned MAC addresses from the
bridge table:
1. Enter ETHERNET/CONFIG/FLUSH to display the following menu:
/ETHERNET/CONFIG/FLUSH
=== FLUSH (ETHERNET CONFIG) MENU ==
PORTFLUSH
ALLPORTFLUSH
UPLINKFLUSH
2. Enter one of the following commands:
PORTFLUSH <port #> to clear the bridge table of dynamically
learned MAC addresses on a designated port
ALLPORTFLUSH to clear the bridge table of dynamically
learned MAC addresses on all ports
UPLINKFLUSH to clear the bridge table of dynamically
learned MAC addresses on an uplink port only
To view the table, use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT command
(page 5-50).
Note
The FLUSH command does not work on static addresses. Static
addresses are manually entered and must therefore be manually
deleted. See also Configuring a Virtual Bridge in Chapter 3,
beginning on page 3-11, for the procedure to add static addresses to
the table using the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/FILTER/ADD command.
5-20
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ETHERNET/SHOW/PORT Example
To display information about the Ethernet interface port
configuration:
Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/PORT command.
A similar display appears:
/ETHERNET/SHOW> port
Physical Port#
================
Autoneg
=========
Speed
=======
Duplex
=======
1
off
100MBPS
HALF
2
on
100MBPS
HALF
3
off
100MBPS
HALF
4
off
100MBPS
HALF
5
on
100MBPS
HALF
ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT Example
To display Ethernet statistics:
Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT command.
A similar display appears:
/ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT 1
PORT#1 RX/TX Statistics
**************************************************
TX bytes: 103488
TX frames:
UniCast: 0
MultiCast: 1617
BroadCast: 0
TX errors:
Fcs: 0
txUndrErrs: 0
ExcessColl: 0
OneColl: 0
multiColl: 0
RX bytes: 0
RX frames:
UniCast: 0
rx64: 0
MultiCast: 0
rx65to127: 0
rx256to511: 0
BroadCast: 0
rx128to255: 0
rx512to1023: 0
rx1024to1518: 0
RX errors:
Fcs: 0
AlignOrErr: 0
rxErrOverSz: 0
discBuffFull: 0
rxGoodOverSz: 0
rxGoodUndSz: 0
rxErrUndSz: 0
discMemFull: 0
5-21
Command Reference
Table 5-6 describes the parameters shown in the ETHERNET/
SHOW/COUNT display.
Table 5-6
Parameter
TX errors
UniCast
The number of unicast frames transmitted from one network device to
another single network device
MultiCast
The number of multicast frames transmitted from one network device to
multiple network devices
BroadCast
The number of broadcast frames transmitted to all network devices
Fcs
The number of frames that were discarded on the transmit side because of
FCS (Frame Check Sequence) error
txUndrErrs
The number of frames that were discarded on the transmit side because of
underrun
ExcessColl
The number of frames that were dropped because of excessive collisions
OneColl
The number of frames that were transmitted after exactly one collision
multiColl
The number of frames that were transmitted after more than one collision
The number of received bytes since the last time Ethernet statistics were
enabled or cleared
Rx bytes
RX
frames
5-22
Description
The number of transmitted bytes since the last time Ethernet statistics were
enabled or cleared
TX bytes
Tx frames
ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT Parameters
UniCast
The number of received unicast frames
MultiCast
The number of received multicast frames
BroadCast
The number of received broadcast frames
rx64
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were 64 bytes in
length
rx65to127
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were between 65
and 127 bytes long
rx128to255
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were between
127 and 255 bytes long
rx256to511
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were between
256 and 511 bytes long
rx512to1023
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were between
512 and 1023 bytes long
rx1024to1518
The number of frames (including frames with errors) that were between
1024 and 1518 bytes long
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
ETHERNET/SHOW/COUNT Parameters (Continued)
Table 5-6
Parameter
RX
errors
Description
Fcs
The number of well aligned frames that were received with FCS error
AlignOrErr
The number of frames received with alignment or FCS errors
rxGoodOverSz
The number of good oversized frames received
rxErrOverSz
The number of oversized frames with errors (FCS, alignment)
rxGoodUndSz
The Number of good undersized frames received
rxErrUndSz
The number of undersized frames received with errors (FCS, alignment)
discBuffFull
The number of good frames that were discarded because the Rx buffer was
full
discMemFull
The number of good frames discarded because memory was full
ETHERNET/SHOW/STAT Example
To show the ports’ statistics gathering status:
Use the ETHERNET/SHOW/STAT command to display a list of
ports. The list may be similar to the following display:
/ETHERNET/SHOW> stat
Statistics polling:Disabled
Polling interval:5 secs
Port
=====
Statistics
===========
1
Disabled
2
Disabled
3
Disabled
4
Disabled
5
Disabled
6
Disabled
7
Disabled
8
Disabled
5-23
Command Reference
ETHERNET/SHOW/MACADDRCOUNT
To display the total number of MAC addresses in the
source address table:
Use the command ETHERNET/SHOW/MACADDRCOUNT (alias
srccnt) to display a similar screen:
/ETHERNET/SHOW/MACADDRCOUNT
MAC address Count in Source Table=22
The source address table can store up to 8,192 MAC addresses.
ETHERNET/CONFIG/CLEAR Example
To clear Ethernet statistics for a port:
Use the ETHERNET/CONFIG/CLEAR <port #> command to reset
a port’s statistics counters to 0.
You can clear statistics from only one port at a time.
Note
If the port’s statistics is enabled, statistics gathering resumes and the
counters may begin to increment at the next polling interval.
EXIT Command
Syntax
EXIT
Menu
/exit
Description
The EXIT command quits the command line interface (CLI) session.
5-24
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
FILE Command
Syntax
FILE/COPY
FILE/DELETE
FILE/LIST
FILE/RENAME
FILE/RMCFG
FILE/RZ
FILE/SZ
FILE/TYPE
Menu
/file
== FILE MENU ==
COPY
DELETE
LIST
RENAME
RMCFG
RZ
SZ
TYPE
Description
The FILE command allows you to configure and display system file
information. Table 5-7 describes the parameters in that display.
Table 5-7
Subcommand
FILE Command Parameters
Alias
Description
COPY
cp
Copy from file to file.
DELETE
rm
Delete a file.
LIST
ls
List system files.
RENAME
mv
Rename a file.
RMCFG
rmall
Remove all configuration files from flash.
RZ
load
Download a file using ZMODEM.
Upload a file using ZMODEM.
SZ
TYPE
cat
Type a file to the console.
5-25
Command Reference
FILE/COPY Example
To copy from one file to another:
Use the FILE/COPY command.
For example, to copy a file named system.cfg to the file
named sys2.cfg, enter the following command:
FILE/COPY system.cfg sys2.cfg
FILE/LIST Example
To list the system files:
Enter the FILE/LIST command.
A similar display appears:
/FILE>list
5-26
size
date
time
name
--------
------
------
--------
1053238
JUL-14-1916
09:18:12
FIRMWARE
181
JUL-14-1916
09:18:12
AGENT.CNF
39420
JUL-14-1916
09:18:12
SYSTEM.CFG
2137
JUL-14-1916
09:18:12
ERRLOG.CFG
13869
JUL-14-1916
09:18:12
ATM.CFG
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
INET Command
Syntax
INET/CONFIG/<subcommand>
INET/PING
INET/RLOGIN
INET/SHOW/<subcommand>
INET/STATS/<subcommand>
Menu
/inet
== INET MENU ==
[CONFIG]
PING
[SHOW]
[STATS]
RLOGIN
Description
The INET command allows you to display and configure IP
parameters for the switch.
Table 5-8 describes the parameters in the display.
Table 5-8
Subcommand
CONFIG
INET Command Parameters
Alias
Description
cir
Menu to configure a static route.
ADD
cira
Add a static route.
DEFAULT
ciradr
Set the default route.
DELETE
cird
Delete a static route.
RMDEFAULT
cirdr
Remove the default route.
ROUTE
Configure IP routing mode.
IPR
PING
ping
Ping another machine via IP address.
RLOGIN
rlogin
Log in to a remote machine.
ARP
varp
Show ARP table entries.
ROUTE
vir
Show routing information.
STATIC
vis
Show static routes.
ICONNECT
vcon
Show TCP/UDP connection table.
RTCACHE
virc
Show route cache.
SHOW
5-27
Command Reference
Table 5-8
INET Command Parameters (Continued)
Subcommand
STATS
Alias
Description
FORWARD
fwdst
Show IP forwarding rate.
ICMP
icmpst
Show statistics and errors for ICMP.
IP
ipst
Show statistics and errors for IP.
SNMP
snmpst
Show statistics and errors for SNMP.
TCP
tcpst
Show statistics and errors for TCP.
UDP
udpst
Show statistics and errors for UDP.
INET/ PING Example
To “ping” an IP address:
Use the ping <IP address> command. For example, to ping the
IP address, 149.35.101.255, six times, enter:
/INET >ping 149.35.101.255 6
A similar display appears:
PING 149.35.101.255: 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=0. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=1. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=2. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=3. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=4. time=0. ms
64 bytes from 149.35.101.31: icmp_seq=5. time=0. ms
----149.35.101.255 PING Statistics---6 packets transmitted, 6 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip (ms)
min/avg/max = 0/0/0
/INET >
If the ping command is unsuccessful, a message similar to the
following appears:
no answer from 149.35.101.255
5-28
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
INET/SHOW/ROUTE Example
To display routing information:
Use the INET/SHOW/ROUTE command.
A display similar to the following appears:
/INET/SHOW >route
ROUTE NET TABLE:
Address
===============
Gateway
===============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
============
137.168.24.0
137.168.24.190
1
1
VLAN INTERFACE
Address
===============
Gateway
===============
Metric
======
VLAN
=====
Type
============
127.0.0.1
127.0.0.1
1
ROUTE HOST TABLE:
LOOPBACK
/INET/SHOW >
INET/STATS/TCP Example
To display TCP statistics information:
Use the INET/STATS/TCP command.
A similar display appears:
/INET/STATS >tcp
TCP statistics :
In segments : 2288
Out segments : 1243
Retrans segments : 0
In errors : 0
Out errors : 5
Attempt fails : 5
5-29
Command Reference
LOOKUP Command
Syntax
LOOKUP <COMMAND NAME>
Menu
/lookup
Command
=========
Alias
=====
Description
===========
?
Use this to display the current menu commands
ALIAS
(ALIAS )
ALLCMD
Look up aliases that match a pattern
List all commands available in CLI
.
.
.
Description
The LOOKUP command displays a description and an alias, if
applicable, for a specific command.
LOOKUP Example
To display a description and alias for a command:
Enter the following command (tftp/upload/cfg is used in this
example):
lookup/tftp/upload/cfg
A similar display appears:
TFTP UPLOAD CFG(ULDCFG ) Upload config file
5-30
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
MODE Command
Syntax
MODE
MODE/CONFIG<subcommand>
MODE/SHOW
Menu
/ >mode
== MODE MENU ==
[CONFIG]
SHOW
Description
The MODE command allows you to configure and display
information about the command line interface (CLI). Table 5-9
describes the parameters in that display.
Table 5-9
Subcommand
CONFIG
SHOW
Alias
MODE Command Parameters
Description
BATCHIN
batchin
Read the command sequence from a file and execute one by
one.
CLOSE
close
Close the command log, batch and output files.
OUTPUT
output
Save the output to a file.
SAVECMD
savecmd
Save the command sequence to a file.
vmode
Show current CLI mode, as set by using the MODE/CONFIG
command. The default setting displays the output to the
console.
5-31
Command Reference
MODE/CONFIG/SAVECMD Example
To save the command sequence to a file (for example,
named test.bat):
Enter the following command:
MODE/CONFIG /savecmd test.bat
Any commands entered from now until you enter the MODE/CONFIG/
CLOSE command are saved in the test.bat file, and can later be
executed by using the MODE/CONFIG/BATCHIN file.
MODE/SHOW Example
To display the current CLI mode:
Use the MODE/SHOW command.
A similar display appears:
/MODE >show
No commands is saved
Interactive mode CLI
Output is displayed to console
/MODE >
5-32
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
PORTSERV Command
Syntax
PORTSERV
PORTSERV/CONFIG/<subcommand>
PORTSERV/SHOW/<subcommand>
Menu
/ >portserv
== PORTSERV MENU ==
[CONFIG]
[SHOW]
/PORTSERV >
Description
The PORTSERV command applies to ATM functionality only. This
command allows you to configure and display port service for a
physical port. Table 5-10 describes the parameters in the display.
Table 5-10
Subcommand
CONFIG
SHOW
PORTSERV Command Parameters
Alias
Description
CREATE
cps
Create a port service.
MOVE
mvps
Move a port service from one VLAN to another.
REMOVE
rmps
Remote a port service.
PHYPORT
vpp
Show the physical port configuration.
PORTSERV
vps
Show the port service configuration.
Refer to the AT-8202 ATM Uplink User’s Guide for more on ATMspecific commands. The guide is available in PDF format from Allied
Telesyn’s website at www.alliedtelesyn.com/manuals.htm.
5-33
Command Reference
REBOOT Command
Syntax
REBOOT
Menu
/reboot
Boot POST in progress...
PROM version: 1.0.7
Sizing DRAM (value displayed is bank size or error code)...
DRAM now configured into a contiguous block:
Address: ............. 0xa0000000 - 0xa07ffffc
Running DRAM test...
Initializing 4650 icache and dcache...
Initializing PIG chip...
Initializing PMIU chips...
PMIU_0 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_1 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_2 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
PMIU_3 revision: ..... 0x0000000f
Initializing PHY chips...
Initializing interrupt vectors in DRAM...
Running Extended DRAM test...
Boot POST complete, passing control to firmware...
Description
The REBOOT command resets the FORMULA 8200. Its alias is reset.
It initializes the hardware, loads the system software from the flash,
and restores the switch to current configuration settings. Upon
restart, the POST and other diagnostic information appear, followed
by the login and password prompts.
5-34
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
SNMP Command
Syntax
SNMP/CONFIG
SNMP/SHOW/<subcommand>
Menu
/snmp
== SNMP MENU ==
CONFIG
[SHOW]
Description
The SNMP command allows you to configure and display
information about SNMP parameters. Table 5-11 describes the
parameters in the display.
Table 5-11
Subcommand
Alias
Description
snmpcfg
Configures the SNMP agent parameters.
PARAM
vsnmpp
Displays information about SNMP system
description and location.
READCOMM
vread
Displays the read community string.
WRITECOMM
vwrite
Displays the write community string.
CONFIG
SHOW
SNMP Command Parameters
5-35
Command Reference
SNMP/CONFIG Example
To configure the SNMP agent parameters:
Use the SNMP/CONFIG command.
A similar display appears:
/SNMP >config
SNMP Agent configuration:
System contact (): james
System location (): Sales, bldg 3
Read community string (public):
Write community string (private):
SNMP Trap Destination Table is empty.
Enter A=add, C=change, D=delete, Q=quit: a
IP Address: 123.251.789.111
UDP Port Number (default 162): 56
Community string:
SNMP Trap Destination Table
Index
-------
IP Address
------------
UDP Port
----------
Community
-----------
1.
123.200.21.111
56
public
Enter A=add, C=change, D=delete, Q=quit:
/SNMP >
5-36
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
SHOW/PARAM Example
To display the SNMP agent parameters:
Use the SNMP/SHOW/PARAM command.
A similar display (partially shown) appears:
Switch chassis type
/SNMP/SHOW >param
System Description: :(1.0.7:65538::1.3.0.2 - 9)
System location: Sales, bldg 3
.
.
Switch chassis types are displayed in decimal value. To
interpret these values, refer to Table 5-12.
Table 5-12
FORMULA 8200 Switch Chassis Types
Decimal Value
Description
65537
Eight TX ports
65538
Sixteen TX ports
65541
Eight TX ports + eight FX expansion ports
65542
Eight FX ports
65543
Sixteen FX ports
5-37
Command Reference
SYSTEM Command
Syntax
SYSTEM/CONFIG/<subcommand>
SYSTEM/SHOW
Menu
/ >system
== SYSTEM MENU ==
[CONFIG]
SHOW
Description
The SYSTEM command permits you to view and reconfigure system
parameters, including the time, date, and administrator password.
Table 5-13 describes the parameters in the display.
Table 5-13 SYSTEM Command Parameters
Subcommand
CONFIG
Alias
ADMINPW
admpw
Change the administrator password.
DATE
date
Change the date: mm dd yr.
TIME
time
Change the time: hr mn sec (24-hour clock).
Show the elapsed time since the last reboot.
UPTIME
SHOW
5-38
Description
vsys
Show the general system configuration for hardware and software.
Displaying the System Configuration in Chapter 4 for a
sample screen display.)
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
SYSTEM/CONFIG/TIME Example
To change the time (for example, to 10:45 a.m.):
Use the following command:
/SYSTEM/CONFIG/time 10 45
Separate the hour, minutes, and seconds with spaces.
Seconds are optional.
TFTP Command
Syntax
TFTP
TFTP/DOWNLOAD/<subcommand>
TFTP/SERVER
TFTP/UPLOAD/<subcommand>
Menu
/ >tftp
== TFTP MENU ==
[DOWNLOAD]
SERVER
[UPLOAD]
/TFTP >
Description
The TFTP command allows you to configure or display TFTP
information. Table 5-14 describes the parameters in the display.
Table 5-14 TFTP Command Parameters
Subcommand
DOWNLOAD
Description
CFG
dldcfg
Download a configuration file.
FIRMWARE
dldfrm
Download firmware.
tftpcfg
Configure the TFTP server’s IP address.
CFG
uldcfg
Upload a configuration file.
FIRMWARE
uldfrm
Upload firmware.
SERVER
UPLOAD
Alias
5-39
Command Reference
TFTP/SERVER Example
To change the TFTP server’s IP address:
Use the TFTP/SERVER command.
A similar display appears:
/TFTP >server
IP address of the tftp server () : 150.15.10.10
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n)
/TFTP >
TOP Command
Syntax
TOP
Menu
/top
== MAIN MENU ==
?
ALIAS
ALLCMD
[ATM]
[BOOT]
[CONSOLE]
[ELOG]
[ETHERNET]
EXIT
[FDDI]
[FILE]
[INET]
LOOKUP
[MODE]
[PORTSERV]
REBOOT
[SNMP]
[SYSTEM]
[TFTP]
TOP
UP
[VBRIDGE]
[VLAN]
[TRACE]
/ >
Description
The TOP command permits you to move from anywhere in the CLI
command structure to the main menu.
5-40
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
UP Command
Syntax
UP
Menu
/up
Description
The UP command permits you to move up one level in the CLI
command structure.
5-41
Command Reference
VBRIDGE Command
Syntax
VBRIDGE
VBRIDGE/CONFIG <subcommand>
VBRIDGE/SHOW <subcommand>
Menu
/ >vbridge
== VBRIDGE MENU ==
[CONFIG]
[SHOW]
Description
The VBRIDGE command allows you to configure and display the
virtual bridge parameters. Table 5-15 describes the parameters in the
display.
Table 5-15 VBRIDGE Command Parameters
Subcommand
CONFIG
cvb
Configures a virtual bridge.
THROTTLE
ctb
Control dlf throttle
ADD
addfl
Adds a static filter table entry.
DELETE
delfl
Deletes a static filter table entry.
PARAPORT
vbpa
Sets virtual bridge port parameters.
BRIDGE
vvb
Shows a virtual bridge.
fl
Shows all entries in the static filter table.
FWT
vfwt
Shows the virtual bridge forwarding table.
PORT
vvbp
Shows the virtual bridge port parameters for a
VLAN.
FILTER
5-42
Description
BRIDGE
FILTER
SHOW
Alias
ALL
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT Example
To display the virtual port parameters of a VLAN for all
linked ports:
Enter the following command:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT<VLAN #>
A similar display appears (VLAN 1 is used as an example):
/> VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT 2
Port
Number
------
Pri
---
State
--------
Path
Cost
----
Desig
Cost
-----
Desig
Port
-----
Root
Port
-----
Root Bridge ID
Desig Bridge ID
----------------
5
128
FORWDING
10
0
128-5
None
8000-0060e80033e0
8000-0060e80033e0
11
128
FORWDING
10
0
128-11
None
8000-0060e80033e0
8000-0060e80033e0
/VBRIDGE>
Table 5-16 defines the fields in the display.
Table 5-16 VBRIDGE/SHOW/PORT Command Parameters
Parameter
Description
Port Number
The port number belonging to the VLAN
Pri
Part of port ID which is used to determine which port gets blocked or forwarded
Range: 0 to 255
Default setting: 128.
State
The current state of the port: disabled, listening, learning, forwarding, or blocking
Path Cost
The contribution of the path through this port, when the port is the root port, to the
total cost of the path to the root for this bridge
Desig Cost
The cost of the path to the root offered by the designated port on the LAN to which
this port is attached
Desig Port
The port identifier of the bridge port identified as the designated port for the LAN
associated with the port
Root Port
The port identifier of the port that offers the lowest cost path to the root, i.e., that
port for which the sum of the values of the designated cost and path cost parameters
held for the port is the lowest
Root Bridge ID
The Bridge ID of the root.
Designated Bridge
ID
The ID of the bridge believed to be the designated bridge for the LAN that is
associated with this port.
5-43
Command Reference
VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE Example
To configure a virtual bridge:
1. Use the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE command. For example, to
modify VLAN 1, enter the following command:
VBRIDGE/CONFIG/bridge 1
The following display appears:
/VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE 1
Spanning Tree Parameters Modification for VLAN 1:
1) Spanning tree Status is ON for this VLAN, set to OFF? (y/n)
2) New Priority (0..65535) (current value is 32768):
3) New Bridge Hello Time (1..10 secs) (current value is 2):
4) New Bridge Max Age (6..40 secs) (current value is 20):
5) New Bridge Forward Delay (4..30 secs)(current value is 15):
6) New Aging Time (10..1000000 secs) (current value is 300):
Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel) >
2. Respond to the prompt by entering the item number with an
equal sign (=) and the value.
For example, to change the aging time to 310:
Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel) > 6=310
To turn Spanning Tree off:
Respond to the prompt by entering the item number with an
equal sign (=) and the value, as follows:
Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel) > 1=y
To save changes and exit the menu:
Enter 0 at the prompt, as follows:
Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel) > 0
5-44
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Table 5-17 describes the Spanning Tree Parameters.
Table 5-17 Spanning Tree Parameters
Parameter
Description
Spanning Tree Status
Indicates whether Spanning Tree is enabled for this VLAN
New Priority
Bridge priority is used by the Bridge ID to determine which bridge will be
the root bridge. Bridge ID consists of this bridge priority concatenated with
a 6-byte MAC address. You can set the bridge priority by entering a
decimal number from 0 to 65,535. Zero is the highest priority.
New Bridge Hello Time
The time interval between the transmission of Configuration BPDUs by a
bridge that is attempting to become the root or is the root.
New Bridge Max Age
The maximum age (in seconds) of Spanning Tree Protocol information
learned from the network on any port before it is discarded.
New Bridge Forward Delay
This time value (in seconds) controls how fast a port changes its spanning
state when moving towards the Forwarding state. The value determines
how long the port stays in each of the Listening and Learning states, which
precede the Forwarding state. This value is also used, when a topology
change has been detected and is underway, to age out all dynamic entries
in the Forwarding Database.
New Aging Time
The timeout period in seconds for aging out dynamically learned
forwarding information.
5-45
Command Reference
VBRIDGE/CONFIG/PARAPORT Example
To disable Spanning Tree for a port (for example, VLAN 1,
port 10):
1. Use the VBRIDGE/CONFIG/PARAPORT 1 command.
A similar display appears:
/VBRIDGE/CONFIG >paraport 1
Spanning Tree Port Parameters Modification for VLAN 1:
Port
Number
------
Port
Priority(a)
-----------
Path
Cost(b)
-------
Enable
Spanning
Tree(c)
-----------
Manual
Mode(d)
-------
1
128
10
y
s
2
128
10
y
s
3
128
10
y
s
128
10
y
s
.
.
.
16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Modification instruction :
usage: <port number><option> = <new value>
where option=a(priority), =b(cost),
=c(enable spanning tree), =d(manual mode)
command example:10b= 5 to set the cost for port 10 to 5
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------Enter selection (modification or 0 to commit, c to cancel ) >
2. Enter the following at the prompt:
10c = n
Table 5-18 describes the parameters used in the display.
5-46
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Table 5-18 VBRIDGE/CONFIG/BRIDGE/PARAPORT Parameters
Parameter
Description
Port Priority
Part of port ID which is used to determine which port gets blocked or
forwarded
Range: 0 to 25
Default setting: 128
Path Cost
The contribution of the path through this port, when the port is the root port,
to the total cost of the path to the root for this bridge. The smaller the number,
the smaller the cost. The Spanning Tree Protocol allocates a cost of 100 to 10
Mbps ports and 10 to 100 Mbps ports, and ensures that an active topology
generates the minimal path costs (IEEE 802.1D).
Manual Mode
The hardware status for the port:
(f) hardware forwarding state, Spanning Tree off
(b) hardware blocking state, Spanning Tree off
(s) Spanning Tree is enabled. However, if Spanning Tree is disabled for the
VLAN, this mode defaults to forwarding state. If Spanning Tree is enabled for
the VLAN, this setting defaults to (s).
This setting also interacts with the Spanning Tree Enabled setting in this
menu in the following ways:
Sp Tree Enabled
y
n
y
n
y
n
Spanning Tree Enabled
Manual Mode
s
s
f
f
b
b
Port State
Spanning Tree state
HW blocking
HW forwarding
HW forwarding
HW blocking
HW blocking
Enables or disables Spanning Tree. (See Manual Mode above.)
5-47
Command Reference
VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE Example
To display Spanning Tree bridge parameters:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE <VLAN#> command. For
example, to display parameters for VLAN 1, enter the
following command:
VBRIDGE/SHOW > bridge 1
The following display appears:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE 1
Spanning Tree Parameters for VLAN 1
Spanning Tree Status
: ON
Priority
: 32768 (0x8000)
Bridge ID
: 8000-0060e8ffff00
Designated Root
: 8000-0060e8ffff00
Cost to Root Bridge
: 0
Root Port
: None
Hold Time
: 1
Topology Changes
: 0
Last Topology Change
: No Topology Change So Far
Bridge Aging Timer
: 300
Global parameters
Local parameters
Current Parameters
Parameters System Uses When
Attempting to Become Root:
Max Age
20 secs
System Max Age
20 secs
Forward Delay
15 secs
System Forward Delay
15 secs
---------------------------------------------------------------Hello Time
5-48
2 secs
System Hello Time
2 secs
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Table 5-19 defines the fields in the display.
Table 5-19 Spanning Tree Parameters by the VBRIDGE/SHOW/BRIDGE Command
Parameter
Description
Spanning Tree Status
Indicates whether Spanning Tree is enabled for this VLAN
Priority
Bridge priority is used by the Bridge ID to determine which bridge will be
the root bridge. The Bridge ID consists of this bridge priority concatenated
with a 6-byte MAC address. You can set the bridge priority by entering a
decimal number from 0 to 65,535. Zero is the highest priority.
Bridge ID
The bridge identification number
Designated Root
The root bridge as determined by the Spanning Tree Protocol
Cost to Root Bridge
The path cost to the root bridge from this bridge
Root Port
The port ID of the port that offers the lowest cost path to the root
Hold Time
The interval length (in seconds) during which no more than two
configuration BPDUs shall be transmitted
Topology Changes
The total number of topology changes detected by this bridge since the
counter was last reset or initialized
Last Topology Change
The amount of time since the last topology change was detected
Bridge Aging Timer
The timeout period in seconds for aging out dynamically learned
forwarding information
Local and Global Parameters
Max Age
The maximum age (in seconds) of information learned on any port before
being discarded
Forward Delay
This time value (in seconds) controls how fast a port changes when
moving towards the Forwarding state. The value determines how long the
port stays in each of the Listening and Learning states, which precede the
Forwarding state. This value is also used, when a topology change has
been detected and is underway, to age out all dynamic entries in the
Forwarding Database.
Hello Time
The time interval between the transmission of Configuration BPDUs by a
bridge that is attempting to become the root or is the root
5-49
Command Reference
VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT Example
To display the bridge forwarding table:
Use the VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT command.
A similar table appears:
/VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT
VLAN
ARL
vlan
port
dom
mac_address
flags
age
1
7
0
00:a0:d2:c1:55:01
—
5
1
33
0
00:60:e8:ff:ff:50
—
0
Table 5-20 describes the fields that appear in the display:
Table 5-20 VBRIDGE/SHOW/FWT Fields
Parameter
Description
vlan
VLAN number
port
Port number
dom
Domain. This is an internal system value, equivalent to the VLAN number -1.
mac_address
MAC address
flags
This is a non-configurable internal system value.
age
The number of seconds that this entry has existed. The entry ages out at the
threshold set by “New Aging Time” when you create a bridge. See Configuring a
Virtual Bridge in Chapter 3.
5-50
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
VLAN Command
Syntax
VLAN
VLAN/CONFIG <subcommand>
VLAN/SHOW <subcommand>
Menu
/ >vlan
== VLAN MENU ==
[CONFIG]
[SHOW]
Description
The VLAN command permits you to create or display VLANs.
Table 5-21 describes the parameters in the display.
Table 5-21 VLAN Command Parameters
Subcommand
CONFIG
SHOW
ADDPORT
Alias
addvp
Description
Adds ports to a VLAN
Creates a VLAN
CREATE
cvl
DELPORT
delvp
Deletes ports from a VLAN
DISABLE
vldisb
Disables the entire VLAN
ENABLE
vlenb
Enables the entire VLAN
MODIFY
mdvl
Modifies a VLAN
MOVPORT
mvvp
Moves ports from one VLAN to another
REMOVE
rmvl
Removes a VLAN
VLAN
vvl
Displays current VLAN configuration
VPORT
vvp
Displays current virtual port configuration
VROUTER
vvr
Displays current virtual router configuration
VSTATS
vpst
Displays current virtual port statistics
5-51
Command Reference
VLAN/CONFIG/DELETE Example
To delete ports from a VLAN:
Use the delport command to delete ports 5 and 7 from VLAN 6:
/VLAN/CONFIG >delport 5,7 6
A similar display appears:
Port(s) 5,7 are successfully deleted from VLAN 6
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
/VLAN/CONFIG >
VLAN/SHOW/VLAN Example
To display VLAN information:
Use the VLAN/SHOW/VLAN command.
A similar display appears:
/VLAN/SHOW >vlan
Virtual LAN Information :
VLAN
ID
====
VLAN
Description
===============
IP Network
Address
==============
Admin
Status
======
Operation
Status
=========
Port
Membership
===========
1
Default VLAN (#1)
137.168.24.190
ENABLE
ACTIVE
1-16
/VLAN/SHOW >
VLAN/CONFIG/REMOVE Example
To remove a VLAN:
Enter the REMOVE <VLAN#> command to remove VLAN 6:
/VLAN/CONFIG >remove 6
A similar display appears:
Removing VLAN 6 ? (yes) :y
VLAN 6 is successfully removed
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
/VLAN/CONFIG >
5-52
Appendix A
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
?
ALIAS
To
Display the current menu commands
alias
Look up aliases that match a pattern
ALLCMD
List all commands available in CLI
ATM
Display the menu to configure ATM
parameters or show its statistics
ATM CONFIG
Configure ATM parameters
ATM CONFIG CREATE
Create an ATM specific service
ATM CONFIG CREATE CIP
ccip
Create a CIP logical subnet
ATM CONFIG CREATE LEC
clec
Create an ELAN
ATM CONFIG CREATE PTOP
cptop
Create a point-to-point instance
ATM CONFIG CREATE TRUNK
ctrunk
Create a trunk instance
ATM CONFIG DELETE
Delete an ATM-specific service
ATM CONFIG DELETE CIP
dcip
Delete a CIP logical subnet
ATM CONFIG DELETE LEC
dlec
Delete an ELAN
ATM CONFIG DELETE PTOP
dptop
Delete a point-to-point instance
ATM CONFIG DELETE TRUNK
dtrunk
Delete a trunk instance
ATM CONFIG DISABLE
ATM CONFIG DISABLE CIP
Disable an ATM-specific service
cipdis
Disable a CIP logical subnet
A-1
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
ATM CONFIG DISABLE PTOP
ptopdis
Disable a PTOP instance
ATM CONFIG DISABLE
TRUNK
trunkdis
Disable a trunk instance
ATM CONFIG ENABLE
Enable an ATM-specific service
ATM CONFIG ENABLE CIP
cipen
Enable a CIP logical subnet
ATM CONFIG ENABLE PTOP
ptopen
Enable a PTOP instance
ATM CONFIG ENABLE TRUNK
trunken
Enable a trunk instance
ATM CONFIG MODIFY
Modify an ATM-specific parameter
ATM CONFIG MODIFY CIP
mcip
Modify a CIP parameter
ATM CONFIG MODIFY LEC
mlec
Modify a LEC parameter
ATM CONFIG MODIFY PORT
map
Modify an ATM port
ATM CONFIG MODIFY PTOP
mptop
Modify a point-to-point parameter
ATM CONFIG MODIFY TRUNK
mtrunk
Modify a trunk parameter
ATM SHOW
Show ATM-specific information
ATM SHOW ARP
Show ARP information
ATM SHOW ARP CIP
vciparp
Show CIP ARP information
ATM SHOW ARP LEC
vlecarp
Show LEC ARP Information
ATM SHOW CIP
vcip
Show CIP information
ATM SHOW CONNECTION
vac
Show ATM connection information
ATM SHOW LEC
vlec
Show LEC Information
ATM SHOW PORT
vap
Show ATM Port Information
ATM SHOW PTOP
vptop
Show point-to-point information
ATM SHOW TRUNK
vtrunk
Show trunk information
ATM STATS
Display a menu to show ATM statistics
information
ATM STATS AAL5
aal5st
Show AAL5 statistics
ATM STATS ATM
atmst
Show ATM layer statistics
ATM STATS CIP
cipst
Show CIP statistics
ATM STATS CONNECTION
connst
Show connection statistics
A-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
ATM STATS LEC
lecst
Show LEC statistics
ATM STATS PTOP
ptopst
Show point-to-point statistics
ATM STATS SIG
sigst
Show SSCOP statistics
ATM STATS TRUNK
trunkst
Show trunk statistics
ATM STATS UME
umest
Show UME statistics
ATM TEST
Run a loop test
ATM TEST LOOP
Enter parameters for an ATM loop test
BOOT
Show and define boot sector information
BOOT IP
Display a menu to configure IP
BOOT IP CONFIG
ipcfg
Configure IP, gateway, etc. for system
boot
BOOT IP EEPROM
ipprom
Configure EEPROM IP
BOOT SHOW
vboot
Show boot sector/system configuration
info
BOOT UPDATE
Display a menu to update configuration
and system image
BOOT UPDATE ALL
updcfg
Update all configurations from RAM to
flash
BOOT UPDATE ATM
updatm
Update ATM configurations to flash
BOOT UPDATE SYSTEM
updsys
Update system/VLAN configurations to
flash
CONSOLE
Display the menu to configure serial port
and console parameters
CONSOLE LOCK
lcn
Lock console from remote sessions
CONSOLE SHOW
vcon
Show console parameters
ELOG
Display a menu to view the error log
ELOG CLEAR
clrelog
Clear all event log messages
ELOG CURRENT
current
Dump the current 10 (default) errors
ELOG DETAIL
detail
Dump the detailed error log
ELOG RANGE
range
Dump the errors within the error code
range
A-3
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
ELOG SEVERITY
severe
Dump the errors with a certain severity
ELOG SHORT
srtelog
Dump the essentials of error log
ELOG SHOW
velog
Show total log message number and size
ELOG AUTOREBOOT
elogboot
Enable/Disable auto-reboot on fatal
errors
ETHERNET
Display the Ethernet configuration menu
ETHERNET SHOW
Show Ethernet port configurations and
statistics
ETHERNET SHOW PORT
vep
Show EIU port configuration
ETHERNET SHOW STAT
ves
Show EIU statistics configuration
ETHERNET SHOW COUNT
est
Show EIU statistics/counters
ETHERNET SHOW
MACADDRCOUNT
srccnt
Show the total number of MAC addresses
in the source table
ETHERNET CONFIG
Configure EIU ports and statistical output
ETHERNET CONFIG CLEAR
epclr
Clear EIU statistics counters for a port
ETHERNET CONFIG PORT
epcfg
Configure EIU port parameters
ETHERNET CONFIG
RXMIRROR
rxm
Set receive mirror RT information
ETHERNET CONFIG
SETSNOOP
snp
Set snoop port
ETHERNET CONFIG
SNOOPMIRROR
snpm
Show snoop and mirror ports
ETHERNET CONFIG STAT
Ethernet Statistics Configuration Menu
ETHERNET CONFIG STAT
PORT
estcfg
Enable/Disable port statistics
ETHERNET CONFIG
TXMIRROR
txm
Set transmit mirror port
EXIT
Exit the CLI
FDDI
Show and configure FDDI parameters
and statistics
FDDI CONFIG
Display a menu to configure FDDI
parameters
A-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
FDDI CONFIG BRIDGE
To
Display a menu to configure the FDDI
bridge mode, add and delete forwarding
and filtering entries
FDDI CONFIG BRIDGE ADD
fbradd
Add an FDDI forwarding or filtering entry
FDDI CONFIG BRIDGE AGE
fage
Configure an FDDI filter table aging timer
FDDI CONFIG BRIDGE
DELETE
fbrdel
Delete an FDDI forwarding and filtering
entry
FDDI CONFIG BRIDGE MODE
fbrcfg
Configure an FDDI bridge mode
FDDI SHOW
Display a menu to show FDDI
parameters and statistics
FDDI SHOW BRIDGE
Display a menu to show FDDI bridge
forwarding/filtering table
FDDI SHOW BRIDGE TABLE
fbr
FDDI SHOW MAC
Show the FDDI bridge forwarding/
filtering table
Display a menu to show FDDI MACspecific parameters
FDDI SHOW MAC COUNTER
fmacc
Display FDDI MAC counters
FDDI SHOW MAC NBRADDR
fmacnbr
Display FDDI neighbor MAC addresses
FDDI SHOW MAC STATS
fmacst
Display FDDI MAC statistics
FDDI SHOW MAC STATUS
fmacs
Display FDDI MAC status
FDDI SHOW PORT
Display a menu to show FDDI portspecific parameters
FDDI SHOW PORT COUNTER
fportc
Display FDDI port counters
FDDI SHOW PORT STATUS
fports
Display FDDI port status
FDDI SHOW PORT SUMMARY
fport
Display FDDI port configuration
FDDI SHOW SMT
Display a menu to show FDDI SMTspecific parameters
FDDI SHOW SMT ID
fsmtid
Display SMT station ID group data
FDDI SHOW SMT STATUS
fsmts
Display SMT status
FDDI SHOW SMT SUMMARY
fsmt
Display SMT station configuration group
data
FILE
Display the FILE menu
A-5
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
FILE COPY
cp
Copy from file to file
FILE DELETE
rm
Delete a file
FILE LIST
ls
List system files
FILE RENAME
mv
Rename a file
FILE RMCFG
rmall
Remove all configuration files from flash
FILE RZ
load
Download a file using ZMODEM
FILE SZ
FILE TYPE
Upload a file using ZMODEM
cat
Type a file to console
INET
Display the Internet statistics menu
INET CONFIG
Menu to configure IP parameters
INET CONFIG ROUTE
cir
Configure static routes
INET CONFIG ROUTE ADD
cira
Add a static route
INET CONFIG ROUTE
DEFAULT
cirsdr
Set the default route
INET CONFIG ROUTE DELETE
cird
Delete a static route
INET CONFIG ROUTE
RMDEFAU
cirdr
Remove the default route
INET CONFIG IPR
cipr
Configure IP routing mode
INET PING
ping
Ping another machine with IP address
INET RLOGIN
rlogin
Remote log in to another machine
INET SHOW
Display a menu to show Internet
configuration
INET SHOW ROUTE
vir
Show routing information
INET SHOW STATIC
vis
Show static routes in flash
INET SHOW ICONNECT
vcon
Show TCP/UDP connection table
INET SHOW RTCACHE
virc
Show route cache
INET STATS
Display a menu to show Internet statistics
for TCP, UDP, IP, and so on
INET STATS FORWARD
fwdst
Show IP forwarding rate
INET STATS ICMP
icmpst
Show statistics and errors for ICMP
A-6
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
INET STATS IP
ipst
Show statistics and errors for IP
INET STATS RIP
ripst
Show statistics and errors for RIP
INET STATS SNMP
snmpst
Show statistics and errors for SNMP
INET STATS TCP
tcpst
Show statistics and errors for TCP
INET STATS UDP
udpst
Show statistics & errors for UDP
LOOKUP
Search for commands that match a
pattern
MODE
Display a menu to save commands,
define batch mode and output log, and
so on
MODE CONFIG
Display a menu to define CLI mode interactive, batch, save commands, and
so on
MODE CONFIG BATCHIN
batchin
Read the command sequence from a file
and execute one by one
MODE CONFIG CLOSE
close
Close command log, batch and output
files
MODE CONFIG OUTPUT
output
Save the output to a file
MODE CONFIG SAVECMD
savecmd
Save the command sequence to a file
MODE SHOW
vmode
Show current CLI mode - interactive,
batch, save commands, and so on
PORTSERV
Display a menu to configure/display
ATM-specific port service for a physical
port
PORTSERV CONFIG
Display a menu to configure ATMspecific port service
PORTSERV CONFIG CREATE
cps
Create a port service
PORTSERV CONFIG MOVE
mvps
Move a port service from one VLAN to
another
PORTSERV CONFIG REMOVE
rmps
Remove a port service
PORTSERV SHOW
PORTSERV SHOW PHYPORT
Display a menu to show current port
service specific information
vpp
Show physical port configuration
A-7
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
PORTSERV SHOW PORTSERV
vps
Show port service configuration
REBOOT
reset
Restart the switch and the CLI
SNMP
SNMP CONFIG
Display a menu to show uplink and
configure SNMP read/write community
string
snmpcfg
SNMP SHOW
Configure all parameters for SNMP agent
Display a menu to show SNMP chassis,
uplink, memory, read/write community
string
SNMP SHOW PARAM
vsnmpp
Show SNMP configuration for system
description, location
SNMP SHOW READCOMM
vread
Show read community string
SNMP SHOW WRITECOMM
vwrite
Show write community string
SYSTEM
Display a menu to show system
parameters and configure time, date, and
so on
SYSTEM CONFIG
Display a menu to set time, date, system
name, location, contact
SYSTEM CONFIG DATE
date
Show or define date
SYSTEM CONFIG TIME
time
Show or define time
SYSTEM CONFIG ADMINPW
admpw
Change password for admin
SYSTEM SHOW
vsys
Show general system configuration for
the hardware and software
TFTP
Display a menu to configuration/
download firmware or configuration files
from TFTP server
TFTP DOWNLOAD
Display a menu to download the
firmware/configuration files through
TFTP server
TFTP DOWNLOAD FIRMWARE
dldfrm
Download firmware from the TFTP
server
TFTP DOWNLOAD CFG
dldcfg
Download configuration file
TFTP SERVER
tftpcfg
Define TFTP server
A-8
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
TFTP UPLOAD
To
Display a menu to upload the firmware
or configuration g files from local to
TFTP server
TFTP UPLOAD FIRMWARE
uldfrm
Upload firmware
TFTP UPLOAD CFG
uldcfg
Upload configuration file
TOP
Go to the main menu
UP
Go up one level
VBRIDGE
Display the virtual bridge configuration
menu
VBRIDGE CONFIG
Display the menu to configure the virtual
bridge or port state
VBRIDGE CONFIG BRIDGE
cvb
Set a virtual bridge
VBRIDGE CONFIG THROTTLE
ctb
Control dlf throttle
VBRIDGE CONFIG FILTER
Display the menu to configure static filter
table
VBRIDGE CONFIG FILTER
ADD
addfl
Add a static filter table entry
VBRIDGE CONFIG FILTER
DELETE
delfl
Delete a static entry
VBRIDGE CONFIG PARAPORT
vbpa
Set virtual bridge port parameters
VBRIDGE SHOW
VBRIDGE SHOW BRIDGE
Display the menu to show virtual bridge
information
vvb
VBRIDGE SHOW FILTER
Show a virtual bridge
Display the menu to show static filter
table
VBRIDGE SHOW FILTER ALL
fl
Show all entries in static filter table
VBRIDGE SHOW FWT
vfwt
Show virtual bridge forwarding table
VBRIDGE SHOW PORT
vvbp
Show a virtual bridge port parameters
VLAN
Display the menu to configure/display
VLAN information
VLAN CONFIG
Display the menu to configure VLANs
VLAN CONFIG ADDPORT
addvp
Add port(s) to a VLAN
A-9
Command Summary
Use This Command or Path
Or Use This
Alias
To
VLAN CONFIG CREATE
cvl
Create a VLAN
VLAN CONFIG DELPORT
delvp
Delete port(s) from a VLAN
VLAN CONFIG DISABLE
vldisb
Disable the entire VLAN
VLAN CONFIG ENABLE
vlenb
Enable the entire VLAN
VLAN CONFIG MODIFY
mdvl
Modify a VLAN
VLAN CONFIG MOVPORT
mvvp
Move port(s) from one VLAN to another
VLAN CONFIG REMOVE
rmvl
Remove a VLAN
VLAN SHOW
Display the menu to show current VLAN/
VROUTER/VPORT information
VLAN SHOW VLAN
vvl
Show VLAN configuration
VLAN SHOW VPORT
vvp
Show virtual port configuration
VLAN SHOW VROUTER
vvr
Show virtual router configuration
VLAN SHOW VSTATS
vps
Show current port statistics
A-10
Appendix B
RMON Configuration
This appendix provides the following information:
❑
A list of supported standard and proprietary MIBs
❑
The sequence followed by Castle Rock’s SNMPc® when
compiling MIBs
❑
Sample procedures for enabling and disabling RMON objects
This appendix does not provide all the details on SNMP and assumes
you are experienced in using SNMP commands to manage your
network.
The FORMULA 8200 has an SNMP agent software that can provide
information on the following RMON groups (RFC 1271):
❑
Statistics
❑
History
❑
Alarms
❑
Events
B-1
RMON Configuration
MIB Support
MIBs are classified in two categories:
❑
Standard: These MIBs are developed by a working group of
the IETF. The prefix for the OBJECT IDENTIFIER assignments for
these MIBs is under management subtree.
❑
Enterprise-specific: Individual products have features not
covered by the standard MIBs. Vendors are developing theirown product-specific MIBs under the enterprise subtree.
The FORMULA 8200 is a multiport Ethernet switch/bridge that
implements all the MIBs relevant to this category of products:
Standard MIBs:
❑
RFC 1155 - Structure identification of management
information
❑
RFC-1213 - MIB II; the general Internet-standard MIB
❑
RFC-1512 - FDDI
❑
RFC 1573B.MIB - Evolution of Interfaces Group (sub-part B) MIB II
❑
RFC-1650 - Definition of managed objects - SNMPv2
❑
RFC1902 SNMPv2-SMI
❑
RFC1903 SNMPv2-TC
❑
RFC1907 SNMPv2-MIB
❑
RFC-1271 - RMON MIB; Media specific MIB defining the
Remote Monitoring Management Information Base
❑
MIBs under the filename ILMI4.MIB:
— ATM-FORUM-MIB
— ATM-FORUM-ADDR-REG
— ATM-FORUM-SRVC-REG
❑
B-2
ATM-FORUM-TC-MIB
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Enterprise (proprietary) MIBs:
Filename
Description
ATITC.MIB
ati-tc-mib
SWVLAN.MIB
switch-vlan-mib
SWITCH.MIB
switch-mib
SWVENDOR.MIB
switch-info-mib
SWCHASIS.MIB
switch-chassis-mib
SWBRIDGE.MIB
switch-bridge-mib
SWATM.MIB
switch-atm-mib
SNMP Management Using Castle Rock’s SNMPc
The FORMULA 8200 can be managed by any SNMP manager that
supports the Standard and Proprietary MIBs from the Supported MIB
list. As for example, you can use Castle Rock’s SNMPc Network
Management product, which supports many vendor's products and
most managed products from Allied Telesyn.
The following is the FORMULA 8200’s compile list and the
compilation order for the SNMPc product:
standard.mib
SNMPv2_2.mib (includes RFCs 1902,1903, and 1907)
RFC 1512
RFC 1650
RFC 1573b
ati-tc-mib
switch-vlan-mib
switch-mib
switch-info-mib
switch-chassis-mib
switch-bridge-mib
B-3
RMON Configuration
ILMI4.MIB:
— atm-forum-mib
— atm-forum-addr-reg
— atm-forum-srvc-reg
— atm-forum-tc-mib
switch-atm-mib (included in ILMI4.MIB)
RFC 1271
The compile results in three warnings. These warnings will not affect
the management of the FORMULA 8200.
The Product MIB files can be obtained from Allied Telesyn’s FTP
server:
Address: ftp.alliedtelesyn.com [lowercase letters]
Login: anonymous [lowercase letters]
Password: your e-mail address [requested by the server at
login]
To obtain Standard based RFC MIB files not available in your SNMP
manager, contact the manufacturer of your SNMP manager for
support. You can also find the standard RFCs on the
WWW.INTERNIC.NET web site.
Go to the URL:
http://ds.internic.net/rfc/rfc<# of RFC>.txt
Substitute the number of the needed RFC for <# of RFC>
The ATM MIBs can be obtained from ATM Forum web site.
http://www.atmforum.com/atmforum/
The SNMPc compiler requires that the text content of the RFC be
stripped before the RFC can be compiled by SNMPc. For future
information on the SNMPc, see the SNMPc Network Management
Reference Guide. Each SNMP compiler has it own requirements, so
contact the manufacturer of you SNMP manager for support on that
compiler’s requirements.
You can enable the RMON groups History, Alarm, and Event in SNMPc
by using the RMON probe or using the Edit MIB var (F7) command.
See the FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide on how to set up the SNMP
parameters. See the SNMPc Network Management Reference Guide for
information on managing RMON probes and MIB objects.
B-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
RMON Support
Note
Enable RMON only on ports you want to monitor in this instance.
Once you are done monitoring, turn off or disable RMON activities to
maintain peak switch performance.
Enabling
RMON Objects
The following is an example of enabling the RMON groups Statistics,
History, Alarm and Event groups. This example show the setting of a
Rising Alarm of Absolute Value that gets logged to the
Event Group. The alarm Variable is the object icmpInMsgs.0, with
a threshold of 600 messages. Port 5 of the FORMULA 8200 is used in
this example (ifIndex.5). Use your SNMP management station to
set the objects.
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> etherStatsStatus.5 "createRequest"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> etherStatsDataSource.5 "ifIndex.5"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> etherStatsOwner.5 "Owner"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> etherStatsStatus.5 "valid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> historyControlStatus.5 "createRequest"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> historyControlDataSource.5 "ifIndex.5"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> historyControlOwner.5 "Owner"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> historyControlStatus.5 "valid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventStatus.5 "createRequest"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventDescription.5 "icmpInMsg.0 = 600"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventType.5 "log"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventOwner.5 "Owner"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventStatus.5 "valid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmStatus.5 "createRequest"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmInterval.5 "1"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmVariable.5 "icmpInMsgs.0"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmSampleType.5 "absoluteValue"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmStartupAlarm.5 "risingAlarm"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmRisingThreshold.5 "600"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmFallingThreshold.5 "0"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmRisingEventIndex.5 "5"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmFallingEventIndex.5 "5"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmOwner.5 "Owner"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmStatus.5 "valid"
B-5
RMON Configuration
Disabling
RMON Objects
The Statistics, History, Alarm, and Event groups are not
disabled by powering down or resetting the switch. Nor are
they disabled by the activation of an alarm or event. To disable
an active RMON index, use your SNMP management station to
set the Status object for each RMON index to invalid. The
following examples shows how to disable the active RMON
groups activated in the previous example:
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> etherStatsStatus.5 "invalid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> historyControlStatus.5 "invalid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> alarmStatus.5 "invalid"
set <IP Address of AT-8200 Switch> eventStatus.5 "invalid"
B-6
Appendix C
Downloading Software at the
[VxWorks] Prompt
This appendix describes the procedures to download software to
your switch from the [VxWorks] prompt. To use these procedures,
you must be logged in to another host on the network, for example,
an SNMP management station.
Caution
The recommended procedure to upgrade software is via the
FORMULA 8200’s command, TFTP. Follow the procedures in this
appendix only if the switch’s command line interface (CLI) is not
accessible for some reason, and if you are very familiar with VxWorks
commands.
This appendix discusses the following topics:
❑
What you need prior to downloading the software
❑
Backing up your configurations
❑
Using FTP/TFTP or ZMODEM at the [VxWorks] prompt to
upgrade software
❑
What to do in case of problems during the download
Caution
There is only enough space on the switch to store one version of
software. Do not attempt to download multiple versions on the
switch.
C-1
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Firmware Upgrade Using FTP/TFTP
This section describes the procedures to use FTP/TFTP at the
[VxWorks] prompt. If you can, use Port 1 for this procedure;
however, you may use any port.
This procedure requires a workstation with both FTP and TFTP server
capabilities.
Prior to the TFTP download process:
1. Your TFTP server must be running the TFTP daemon (UNIX) or a
TFTP process (DOS/Windows). Without the daemon or the
process, your download from your server will fail.
2. If you have Solaris, refer to Appendix B for the procedures to
configure a TFTP server on that platform.
3. If you have DOS or Windows, you have several options:
❑
❑
❑
Castle Rock’s SNMPc includes a TFTP server. Refer to the
documentation for server setup.
Shareware TFTP servers are available for Windows95 or
WindowsNT.
For other TCP/IP stacks, check your software applications for
details.
4. The IP address of the switch and the TFTP server must be on the
same subnet.
5. You need the latest FORMULA 8200’s system software file from
Allied Telesyn. The software is available from the World Wide Web
or from Allied Telesyn’s anonymous FTP server. For questions,
please phone the Allied Telesyn’s Technical Support. For
information on how to contact the nearest Allied Telesyn location,
refer to Appendix A.
6. Note the name of the FORMULA 8200 system software file that
resides on your TFTP server. This is the software file you will
download.
7. Make sure the software file on your server has read and write
access. In UNIX, enter
chmod 777 <filename>
to give read and write access to the files. Then copy the
software file to the appropriate directory on your TFTP server.
8. Verify the physical connection from your TFTP server to the
FORMULA 8200.
C-2
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Backing Up
Your Current
Configurations
The upgrade may change some settings to new defaults, and this
may or may not cause a problem.
To ensure your ability to restore your current switch configurations
after the software upgrade, you need to back up the following
configuration files to your TFTP server:
❑
SYSTEM.CUR contains the majority of the configuration files
❑
AGENT.CNF contains location, contact, and SNMP
management information (backup optional)
1. Log in to the switch and PING the TFTP server to verify
communications:
/>ping 192.48.127.124
192.48.127.124 is alive
2. Assign an IP address to the TFTP server:
/TFTP/SERVER
IP address of the tftp server () : 192.48.127.124
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) Y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash ...
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
3. If you are using a UNIX TFTP server, the file must exist (for
example, system.001) in the directory path indicated in the
/etc/inetd.conf file. It must also have read, write, and
execute permissions for everyone:
cd /tftpboot
touch system.001
chmod 777 system.001.
4. In your switch, backup the configuration files by using the TFTP/
UPLOAD/CFG command. In this command, you need to specify
the name of the file(s) you want to backup:
C-3
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
/>tftp/upload/cfg
Name of file on switch () : system.cur
Name of file on tftp server ()
: system.001
File “/flash/system.cur” on switch to be copied to server “192.48.127.124” as
“system.001”
Are they correct? (y/n) y
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) n
LF = /flash/system.cur, RF = system.001, SRV = 192.48.127.124, op = put
/TFTP/UPLOAD>
5. Repeat the procedure to upload AGENT.CNF to a corresponding
pre-existing file (for example, agent.001) in the server.
You are done backing up your files. You may proceed with the
software upgrade.
Configuring for
the TFTP
Download
Process
The following steps provide the FORMULA 8200 with the IP address
of your TFTP server:
1. Log in to the switch and enter:
/TFTP/SERVER
2. Enter the IP address of your TFTP server.
Enter Y in the Save the configuration to flash?
(y/n) prompt to save the TFTP server configuration for later
use.
/TFTP/SERVER
IP address of the tftp server () : 192.5.5.18
Save the configuration to flash? (y/n) Y
Writing new configuration to flash ...
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
3. Verify that you can PING the TFTP server from the
FORMULA 8200.
You are now ready to download software to your
FORMULA 8200 switch.
Caution
There is only enough space on the switch to store one version of
software. Do not attempt to download multiple versions on the
switch.
C-4
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Downloading
the Firmware
Using FTP/TFTP
This procedure requires a station with both FTP and TFTP server
capabilities.
1. Reset the FORMULA 8200.
When the system starts, the following message appears:
Press any key to stop auto-boot...
2. Quickly press any key.
The VxWorks operating system prompt appears:
[VxWorks Boot]:
The flash needs to be formatted to accommodate the new
version of the image software.
3. Enter F at the prompt to format the flash and confirm.
[VxWorks Boot]: F
WARNING: you are about to reformat the flash file system The system cannot boot
after this. Are you sure (y/n):y
Formatting the flash ...done
The system restarts and the following message appears:
Press any key to stop auto-boot...
4. Quickly press any key.
This returns you to the VxWorks operating system prompt:
[VxWorks Boot]:
5. Enter c to change the parameters for downloading the image
software:
[VxWorks Boot]: c
‘.’=clear field; ‘-’=go to previous field; ^D=quit
boot device:
C-5
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
6. Respond to each prompt, beginning with the boot device. Base
your entries on Table C-1.
Table C-1 Parameters for Downloading the Image Software to Flash
If You See This Prompt
You Must Enter
boot device:
hs
processor number:
0
host name:
Your TFTP server’s host name
file name:
The image filename or complete
path
inet on Ethernet (e) :
The FORMULA 8200’s IP address
host inet (h) :
Your TFTP server’s IP address
gateway inet (g) :
Leave blank . Note that you are
performing the download within
this local subnet; therefore, you
must not enter a gateway address
here.
user (u) :
User login for the TFTP server
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh):
Password for the TFTP user
flags (f) :
0x80
target name (tn) :
Press [Return]
startup script (s) :
Press [Return]
other (o) :
Press [Return]
This returns you to the [VxWorks Boot]: prompt. You are
now ready to download the new software to flash.
7. Enter Z at the prompt and confirm, as in the following sample
screen:
C-6
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
[VxWorks Boot]: Z
WARNING: you are about to zap a new firmware image into flash
Enter `y' to continue: y
boot device
: hs
processor number
:0
host name
: server1
file name
: v1225.Z
inet on ethernet (e):192.34.140.20
host inet (h)
: 192.34.140.30
user (u)
: root
ftp password (pw)
: password
flags (f)
:
Attaching network interface hs0... done.
Subnet Mask: 0xffffff00
Attaching network interface lo0... done.
Zapping image to flash...
Copyright 1984-1994
Wind River Systems, Inc.
This process replaces the previous firmware image file. The
image file update can take up to five minutes.
Note
If the image file did not load successfully, reset the switch and repeat
the procedure from the beginning.
8. Press the reset button located on the front panel to reset the
switch.
The following message appears:
Press any key to stop auto-boot...
9. Quickly press any key.
This returns you to the VxWorks operating system prompt:
[VxWorks Boot]:
10. Enter c to set the boot parameters for loading the new image file
from flash:
C-7
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
[VxWorks Boot]: c
‘.’=clear field; ‘-’=go to previous field; ^D=quit
boot device:
11. Respond to each prompt, beginning with the boot device. Base
your entries on Table C-2.
Table C-2 Parameters for Loading the New Image Software From Flash
System Prompt
User Entry
boot device:
flash
processor number:
0
host name:
Press [Return]
file name:
/flash/firmware
inet on Ethernet (e) :
Press [Return]
host inet (h) :
Press [Return]
gateway inet (g) :
Press [Return]
user (u) :
Press [Return]
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh):
Press [Return]
flags (f) :
0x8
target name (tn) :
Press [Return]
startup script (s) :
Press [Return]
other (o) :
Press [Return]
This takes you back to the [VxWorks Boot]: prompt.
12. Enter @ to boot the new firmware.
[VxWorks Boot]:@
The image software begins loading from flash. The switch
prompts you for system information. These items are optional;
you can change them later.
13. Log in to the switch and use the /BOOT/IP command to configure
all IP information.
You are done. You may now restore your backed up configurations.
C-8
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Restoring Your
Configurations
To restore your configurations:
1. Log in to the switch and PING the TFTP server to verify
communications:
/>ping 192.48.127.124
192.48.127.124 is alive
2. Assign an IP address to the TFTP server:
/TFTP/SERVER
IP address of the tftp server () : 192.48.127.124
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) Y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash ...
Updating system/VLAN configuration....
3. Restore the configuration files by using the TFTP/DOWNLOAD//
CFG command. In this command, you need to specify the name of
the file(s) you want to restore:
/>TFTP/DOWNLOAD/CFG
Name of file on switch (system.cur) :
Name of file on tftp server (system.001) :
File “system.001” on server (192.48.12.124) is to be copied to switch as “/flash/
system.cur”
Are they correct? (y/n) y
Save TFTP configuration to flash? (y/n) y
Writing new TFTP configuration to flash ...Updating system/VLAN configuration....
LF = /flash/system.cur, RF = system.001, SRV = 192.48.127.124, op = get
/TFTP/DOWNLOAD>
4. Reboot the switch using the REBOOT command on the console
prompt:
/TFTP/DOWNLOAD>TOP
/ >REBOOT
Are you sure, you want to reboot ? [y/n]: y
You are done.
C-9
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
Firmware Upgrade Using Zmodem
Note
Before proceeding, make sure you back up your configurations.
This procedure requires the following:
❑
A null modem cable
❑
The compressed firmware file renamed firmware
❑
A PC that supports a Zmodem transfer
These procedures are written for Windows® 95 HyperTerminal .
To download system software using Zmodem:
1. Start the HyperTerminal application.
2. Reset the FORMULA 8200.
When the system starts, the following message appears:
Press any key to stop auto-boot...
3. Quickly press any key.
The VxWorks operating system prompt appears:
[VxWorks Boot]:
The flash needs to be formatted to accommodate the new
version of the image software.
4. Enter F at the prompt to format the flash and confirm.
[VxWorks Boot]: F
WARNING: you are about to reformat the flash file system The system cannot boot
after this. Are you sure (y/n):y
Formatting the flash ...done
The system automatically reboots.
5. Quickly press any key to stop auto-boot.
This returns you to the VxWorks operating system prompt:
[VxWorks Boot]:
C-10
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
6. Enter c to change the parameters for downloading the image
software:
[VxWorks Boot]: c
‘.’=clear field; ‘-’=go to previous field; ^D=quit
boot device:
7. Respond to each prompt, beginning with boot device, basing
your entries on Table C-3.
Table C-3 Parameters for Downloading the Image Software
System Prompt
User Entry
boot device:
flash
processor number:
0
host name:
Press [Return]
file name:
/flash/firmware
inet on Ethernet (e) :
Press [Return]
host inet (h) :
Press [Return]
gateway inet (g) :
Press [Return]
user (u) :
Press [Return]
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh):
Press [Return]
flags (f) :
0x4
target name (tn) :
Press [Return]
startup script (s) :
Press [Return]
other (o) :
Press [Return]
8. Select Transfer, then Send File.
9. When prompted, browse for the firmware and select
communications protocol Zmodem. Make sure the firmware file is
named firmware.
10. Press the SEND button.
The process takes about 25 minutes.
11. Reset the FORMULA 8200.
When the system starts, the following message appears:
Press any key to stop auto-boot...
C-11
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
12. Quickly press any key to return to the [VxWorks Boot]
prompt.
13. Enter c to set the boot parameters for loading the new image file.
[VxWorks Boot]: c
‘.’=clear field; ‘-’=go to previous field; ^D=quit
boot device:
14. Respond to each prompt, basing your entries on Table C-4.
Table C-4 Parameters for Loading the New Image File From Flash
System Prompt
User Entry
boot device:
flash
processor number:
0
host name:
Press [Return]
file name:
/flash/firmware
inet on Ethernet (e) :
Press [Return]
host inet (h) :
Press [Return]
gateway inet (g) :
Press [Return]
user (u) :
Press [Return]
ftp password (pw) (blank = use rsh):
Press [Return]
flags (f) :
0x8
target name (tn) :
Press [Return]
startup script (s) :
Press [Return]
other (o) :
Press [Return]
15. At the [VxWorks Boot]: prompt, enter @ to boot the new
firmware from the switch:
[VxWorks Boot]: @
You are done. You may now restore your backed up configurations.
C-12
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
In Case of Problems With the Software Upgrade
Interrupting a software download (for example, rebooting the switch
or disconnecting the power cord) creates files of 0 bytes. Attempts to
download again will not succeed because the download process
cannot write over these files.
If you encounter these problems:
1. Log in to the switch.
2. Manually delete the firmware file by entering:
/FILE/DELETE firmware
3. Download the firmware again.
C-13
Index
Symbols
<> angle brackets, use of, 2-8
[] square brackets, use of, 2-8
A
aliases, commands, 5-2—5-4, 5-7
B
backing up, configurations, 4-20—4-21
blocking state, 3-7
BPDUs, 3-7
bridge forwarding table, see forwarding table
C
command line interface (CLI)
accessing, 2-6
command tree, 5-2—5-4
current mode, viewing and configuring,
5-31—5-32
description of, 2-8
main menu, 5-1
navigating, 2-10, 5-40, 5-41
command mode, 5-6
commands
formats, 2-9
list of, A-1—A-10
listing all, 5-8, 5-30
configuration
default settings, 3-1
IP parameters, 2-11
saving to flash, 5-11
configurations
ports on the switch, 1-2
console
connecting, 2-2
parameters, showing, 2-2, 5-13
securing, 5-13
terminal settings, 2-2
conventions, used in guide, x
D
data loops, 3-6
default configuration, 3-1
downloading software
FTP/TFTP, C-2—C-9
TFTP command, 4-22—4-23, 5-39—5-40
Zmodem, C-10—C-12
E
edit mode, 5-6
error log
clearing, 5-15
description, 5-14
viewing information from, 5-15—5-16
F
features, FORMULA 8200, 1-1—1-2
files
commands, description, 5-25
copying, 5-26
listing, 5-26
firmware, upgrading, 4-19—4-24
forwarding state, 3-7
forwarding table, 4-18, 5-50
FTP server, accessing, xiii, B-4
Index-1
Index
H
help, online, 4-2
I
icons, used in guide, x
IP address, assigning, 5-11
IP address, TFTP server, configuring, 5-40
IP parameters, configuration, 5-27—5-28
L
LAN concepts, list of, viii
learning state, 3-7
LEDs
description of, 2-4
system and port, examples, 2-4
listening state, 3-7
logging in
with password, 2-6
without password, 2-7
loops, data, without spanning tree, 3-6
M
MAC address table
static entry, creating, 3-12
storage capacity, 5-24
menu tree, 5-2—5-4
mirroring, port, 4-9—4-11
P
password, logging in, 2-6—2-7
ping command, 5-28
port
clearing statistics 5-24
configuring, 4-6
enabling Ethernet settings, 5-18
mirroring, 4-9—4-11
setting receive mirroring, 5-19
setting snoop port, 5-19
statistics, configuring, 4-7, 5-19
statistics, viewing, 5-21—5-23
viewing settings, 4-5, 5-21
viewing spanning tree parameters, 4-17
port configurations, 1-2
power-on self-test (POST), 2-3—2-4
problems with, software upgrades, 4-25
Index-2
R
reboot, 2-15, 5-33
related documents, xi
reset, 2-15
restoring, backed up configurations, 4-24
RMON
disabling MIB objects, B-6
enabling MIB objects, B-5
groups supported, B-1
MIBs supported, list of, B-2—B-3
routing information protocol (RIP)
changing, modes, 4-27
removing default routes, 4-29
viewing, 4-26, 5-29
S
simple network management protocol (SNMP)
parameters, configuring, 4-30, 5-36
parameters, viewing, 4-31, 5-37
SNMPc, managing with, B-3—B-4
snoop port, 4-9, 4-11, 5-19
software upgrades, problems with, 4-25
spanning tree
configuring, 3-11—3-13
configuring, for VLAN, 5-44—5-45
description of, 3-6—3-7
disabling, for port, 5-46—5-47
disabling, for VLAN, 5-44
optimization of, 3-12
viewing parameters, for port, 4-17
viewing parameters, for switch, 4-16,
5-48—5-50
static entry, MAC address table, 3-12
static routes, 4-28
statistics
clearing counters, port, 4-9
enabling, for port, 4-7
viewing, TCP, 5-29
switch configuration, see system configuration
syntax, see commands, syntax
system configuration, 5-38
system configuration, viewing 4-2—4-3
FORMULA 8200 User’s Guide
T
TCP statistics, viewing, 5-29
Telnet, to access switch, 2-14
terminal, see console
V
viewing
firmware information, 2-13
port settings 4-5
SNMP parameters, 5-37
system configuration, 4-2—4-3
virtual bridge parameters, 3-13
virtual bridge
configuring 5-42
configuring, 3-11—3-13, 5-44—5-47
description, 3-5
viewing information, 4-16
viewing, 5-42—5-43, 5-48—5-50
virtual LANs (VLANs)
commands, 5-51
communications between, 3-3
configuring, 3-8—3-10
default VLAN, FORMULA 8200, 3-3
deleting ports from, 5-52
description of, 3-2—3-7
multiple VLANs, example, 3-3
removing, 5-52
saving to flash, configuration, 5-11
viewing information, 4-12, 5-52
virtual routing, 3-5
virtual port
viewing information, 4-14
viewing statistics, 4-15
virtual router
description, 3-5
viewing information, 4-13
virtual routing, 3-5
VT-100 terminal, connecting, 2-2
Index-3
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising