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Custom Sensors CCD8000 Technical data
Manual
econ sens +
econ sens+ pro
3-phase Power Meter
with
Logging Function
Version 1.40
Content
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms .................................................................. 1
Safety Instructions ............................................................................................................... 1
Intended use ........................................................................................................................................1
Hazard warnings .................................................................................................................................1
Information on disposal .......................................................................................................................1
Warranty Terms .................................................................................................................. 1
Description .................................................................................................................. 2
Special features .................................................................................................................. 3
Connections ................................................................................................................ 3
Overview S0 model ............................................................................................................. 3
Overview RS485 model ....................................................................................................... 4
Voltage path connections .................................................................................................... 4
Current path connections .................................................................................................... 4
Ethernet connection ............................................................................................................ 5
Indicators and operating controls......................................................................................... 5
S0 model ............................................................................................................................. 5
RS485 model .......................................................................................................................................5
Installation Instructions ............................................................................................. 6
Mounting the device on the top hat rail ................................................................................ 6
Connecting the voltage path ................................................................................................ 6
Installing the econ sens + in a 690V grid ............................................................................. 9
Installing the current sensors ............................................................................................... 9
Connecting the data outputs ................................................................................... 11
S0-Interface....................................................................................................................... 11
RS485-Interface ................................................................................................................ 12
Connecting the network ..................................................................................................... 13
Web Interface of the econ sens+ ............................................................................. 13
Accessing the web interface .............................................................................................. 13
Home menu....................................................................................................................... 15
Meter menu ....................................................................................................................... 16
Installation check routine „Installation check“....................................................................................18
Graph menu ...................................................................................................................... 20
Events menu ..................................................................................................................... 21
Content
Settings menu ................................................................................................................... 21
General information on saving settings .............................................................................................22
Time/Date submenu ..........................................................................................................................22
Network submenu .............................................................................................................................23
Electrical submenu ............................................................................................................................24
Events (Proversion) submenu ...........................................................................................................29
Pulses / s submenu ...........................................................................................................................30
Modbus Pulses / s (S0/RS 485-Variante) submenu .........................................................................31
Pass submenu ...................................................................................................................................37
Save submenu ..................................................................................................................................38
System submenu...............................................................................................................................38
Contact menu .................................................................................................................... 39
Manual menu .................................................................................................................... 39
Initial Operation ........................................................................................................ 40
Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................... 41
Technical data........................................................................................................... 44
econ sens+ basic unit ........................................................................................................ 44
econ sens+ measuring coils: ............................................................................................. 46
Default settings ................................................................................................................. 46
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
1
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
Safety Instructions
Intended use
The econ sens+ energy consumption meter is intended solely for the measurement of electrical
parameters such as voltage, current, power, electrical energy, etc.. Installation and initial operation
may only be performed by electrically qualified persons.
Hazard warnings
The warnings denote the following:
Danger:
Means that there is an immediate risk to the health of the user if the appropriate safety
measures are not taken.
Warning:
Risk of potential damage to property or damage to the device if the appropriate safety
measures are not taken.
Information on disposal
The econ sens+ energy consumption meter contains a small lithium battery. Never dispose of used
batteries with normal household waste. They should be handed in at a collection point for used
batteries.
Warranty Terms
econ solutions GmbH assumes no liability and furnishes no warranty for any consequences of
improper use, in particular if the user and installation instructions have not been observed. The user
must ensure that the device is not operated outside the specified technical parameters.
In the event of changes or modifications to the device and of unauthorized repairs by the user, the
warranty becomes void.
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All information contained in this manual was prepared to the best of our knowledge and checked with
care. Nevertheless, errors cannot be completely ruled out. For this reason, the information contained
in this manual is not associated with any obligation or guarantee of any kind. The authors, companies
and the publisher assume therefore no legal responsibility and will not assume any consequential or
other liability, that might arise in any way from the use of this information or parts of such, also not for
any breach of patent rights or other rights of third parties that could result therefrom.
This work is protected by copyright.
All rights, including those concerning the translation, reprint and duplication of the manual or parts
thereof, are reserved. No part of the work may be reproduced in any form (photocopy, microfilm or
other method) without the written approval of the publisher, not even for teaching purposes, or be
processed, duplicated or disseminated using electronic systems.
Description
econ sens + is a compact, versatile energy consumption meter with a web interface and memory
function.
It measures the voltage and the current of the individual phases and the voltage between PE and the
neutral conductor.
When calculating the power, econ sens+ is able to differentiate between the generated and consumed
power. The energy consumption values calculated from the power data are displayed to the user via
the web interface and made available for any energy monitoring systems or similar that may be
connected via:
1. 2 x S0 pulse outputs to DIN EN 62053-31 (for consumed and generated active energy)
2. Modbus TCP
3. Modbus RTU (RS-485)
Allowed the detection of active, reactive and apparent power, current and voltage, each per line and
further readings on the Modbus interface (see Chapter Modbus).
The econ sens+ samples the input voltages and currents at 32 samples/signal period. To do this, it
tracks the frequency of the inputs and continuously updates its sampling rate accordingly. At the same
time, the econ sens+ resamples the input voltages at 1kHz. These samples give a picture of the
waveform. These waveforms are stored for several types of events.
The econ sens + has a size of 16MB memory to store values, logs and events. It holds power logs per
second for the last 2 days. It logs all measurements per minute for the last 39 days, per interval (10 or 15
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minutes) for the last 13 months and per day for the last 10 years. No logging is performed if the time is not
valid.
Logs are stored after every interval. Average, minimum and maximum values are determined over the
interval. The interval is expressed in seconds and can be either 600s (10min) or 900s (15min).
Special features

For 2, 3, and 4-wire power systems with arbitrary load

Modbus TCP

2 x S0 pulse outputs for consumed and generated active energy or alternatively,
Modbus RTU (RS 485)

Acquisition of instantaneous values for U, I, P, Q and power factor per phase, together with
mean and cumulative values

Current range up to 3200 A / phase

No additional current transformer needed

Integrated web interface for configuration and fast and simple data acquisition

Quick installation, even during operation*
*Please note!
In order to log the current strength, it is not necessary to switch off the consumer load that is to be measured, as the Rogowski
coils can be opened and wrapped round the conductor. When connecting the voltage path, the relevant safety regulations for
work on electrical systems must be observed!
Connections
Overview S0 model
Figure 1 shows the layout of the econ sens+ connections (S0 model)
Figure 1: econ sens + connections (S0 model)
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S0-pulse outputs
Imp - :
Pulse output (Open Collector, NPN) for generated energy
Imp + :
Pulse output (Open Collector, NPN) for consumed energy
GND :
Common ground for Imp – und Imp +
Overview RS485 model
Figure 2 shows the layout of the econ sens+ connections (RS485)
RS-485
Modbus RTU-
interface
Figure 2: econ sens + connections (RS485)
RS485 model (Modbus RTU):
A:
data line B Modbus RTU
B:
data line A Modbus RTU
GND :
Common ground for data line A and B.
Voltage path connections
L1, L2, L3:
Terminals for phases L1, L2 and L3
PE:
Terminals for the PE conductor
Ext:
“Extension” terminal. Is bridged with terminal L2
To avoid damage to the econ sens+, the maximum torque for tightening the
terminals is < 2.5 Nm.
Current path connections
I1, I2, I3:
Manual econ sens+
Connection socket (RJ11) of the econ sens+ coils for current measurement
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Ethernet connection
Ethernet:
Ethernet connection (RJ45) / 100 Mbit (fixed speed)
Indicators and operating controls
S0 model
Figure 3 shows the layout of the indicators and operating controls of the econ sens+.
Figure 3: econ sens+ indicators and operating controls (S0 model)
“Log” LED:
Lights up as soon as the econ sens+ records measured data
“Link” LED:
Lights up when there is an active connection to the network
“Activity” LED:
Lights up or flashes as soon as data is sent or received via the Ethernet port
Reset:
Reset button to perform “Factory Reset”.
RS485 model
The RS485 model of the econ sens + differs in its external appearance only by the absence of the
lower right corner of the front panel (see Figure 4). All operating and display elements are identical to
those of S0 model.
Figure 2: econ sens+ indicators and operating controls (RS485 model)
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Further details on the connections can be found in the “Technical Data” chapter; examples of
connections can be found in the “Installation Instructions”.
Installation Instructions
Mounting the device on the top hat rail
The econ sens + energy consumption meter was designed for mounting on a top hat rail. The device
is attached at an angle to the top hat rail with the upper retaining lug and locked into place with light
downward pressure (see Fig. 5).
Figure 3: Mounting the econ sens+
Figure 4: Dismounting the econ sens+
The device is dismounted as shown in Fig. 6. Press the device downwards using light pressure and
then pivot it upwards.
Connecting the voltage path
Installation of the econ sens + may only be performed by specially trained staff
(e.g qualified electricians).
Safety regulations for working with electrical power systems must be observed
under all circumstances!
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The econ sens+ energy consumption meter can be used with various public power supplies:
3-phase four-wire power system (with neutral conductor)
3-phase three-wire power system (without neutral conductor)
Single-phase power system
Fig. 7 shows the integration of the econ sens + into a 3-phase 4-wire power system.
Figure 7: econ sens+ connection diagram to a 3-phase 4-wire power system
The phases L1, L2 and L3 of the voltage path must be protected by means of automatic circuit
breakers to prevent the system from being damaged in the event of a short circuit. A B6 (max. B10)
automatic circuit breaker is recommended. For safety reasons it is preferable to use a short-circuitproof conductor (NSGAFÖU) in front of the circuit breakers.
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If several econ sens+ devices are installed next to one another it is recommended that you use a
clamping unit with series terminals. As a result it is easier to direct the fused voltage path in parallel to
all devices.
Table 1 shows the terminal assignment of the voltage path terminals for the various types of power
system.
Table 1: Connection diagrams of various power system topologies
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Installing the econ sens + in a 690V grid
The econ sens + can also be used in a 690 V grid (IT-System). It should be noted that a neutral
conductor is required. This is because the power supply of this device is itself designed for voltages on
the primary side to 440Vrms. When connected to a 690 V power connection so the image has to be
used according to Fig. 8.
Abbildung 8: Anschlussschema 690 V-Netz
Installing the current sensors
To install the current sensors (Rogowski coils), wrap these around the conductor that is to be
measured, as shown in Fig. 9. This can be a cable or also a conductor rail.
Insert the free end of the cable into the end piece of the coil until it latches into place. The coil must
form a closed loop around the conductor.
Figure 9: Installation of the current sensors
The label on the coil must be aligned in such a way that it points towards the consumer. This ensures
the correct direction of current flow through the coil.
Please also ensure that each sensor matches the corresponding phase of the voltage path (coil L1 to
phase L1, etc.)
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Alignment of the coil with the current flow
If possible, secure the coil round the conductor (cable, conductor rail, etc.) with a tie wrap. Make sure
that the loss angle of the coil is not too large (see Fig. 10).
In the case of loss angles > +/-5°, the relative
error of measurement is also greater and
consequently also the relative deviation of the
measured
current
and
the
calculated
parameters (e.g. power).
Figure 10: Loss angle of the current sensors
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Connecting the data outputs
S0-Interface
The consumption data measured by the econ sens+ is outputted via the pulse outputs Imp+ and Imp(open-collector NPN outputs) as a pulse sequence. Each output pulse is 50 ms long and corresponds
to a defined amount of energy in Wh. This can be configured via the web interface. (For details see
“Web Interface” chapter). The default value for this pulse weighting is 10 Wh/pulse, which corresponds
to an output of 100 pulses/kWh.
The pulse outputs are used for the automated capture of the energy consumption values by means of
a data logger, e.g. the Econ Unit. Fig. 11 shows the layout of the pulse interface.
Abbildung 11: Belegung der S0-Ausgänge und mögliches Anschlussschema
The distance between the data logger and the econ sens + may be amount to max. 50 meter. When
connecting a cable, a shielded cable is recommended *, as Belden YE00820. For shorter distances an
unshielded cable can be used.
* A shielded cable should come in all applications where massive electromagnetic disturbances from the environment is
expected.
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RS485-Interface
The econ sens + supported on this interface the following protocols:

Modbus RTU
Modbus RTU
Via the RS485 Modbus RTU protocol, the values "Modbus / pulses / s submenu " p.17 ff) can be
retrieved according to section.
To use Modbus RTU a Modbus master is required. In a segment of up to 32 devices can be connected
together. For more than 32 devices in a segment repeaters are required. The wiring of components is
a “linear structure”, as shown in Fig 13. Other bus topologies, such as Star shape is not possible.
At the beginning and end of a segment, the cable is terminated with resistors (bus termination). Put
between lines A and B a 120 Ω termination resistor. As a connecting line between the devices we
recommend a shielded cable 2x2x0, 8, for example, Belden YE00820 or a Cat 5 network cable. The
maximum length is 1200 meters.
Figure 13: Assignment of the RS485 outputs (here with one econ sens+ as gateway)
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Connecting the network
The econ sens+ energy consumption meter has a 100BASE-T network connection for web interface
access. This can be connected to a PC either directly or via a node such as a hub or switch. Connect
the econ sens+ to your hub/switch using a patch cable (1:1) or directly to your PC (using a crossover
cable).
Figure 14: econ sens+ network connection
Further information on the IP address settings, etc. can be found in the “Initial operation” chapter.
Modbus TCP
Via the network connection measured values and events (Pro variant) can be accessed via the
Modbus protocol for both versions (S0/RS485). The parameter settings are performed in the Modbus /
pulses / s submenu. The corresponding register addresses can be found in the manual on page 34 ff.
Web Interface of the econ sens+
Accessing the web interface
The web interface is accessed by entering the IP address of the econ sens+ in the address bar of the
web browser (Firefox, IExplorer, GoogleChrome, etc.). The network default settings of the econ sens+
are as follows:
IP address:
192.168.0.1
Subnet mask:
255.255.255.0
Standard gateway:
192.168.0.254
For the web interface to be accessed, ensure that the user PC is in the same network as the econ
sens+. Configure as follows (e.g. under WinXP):
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1. Under “Start / Control Panel / Network and Internet Connections / Network Connections” doubleclick the LAN connection of the network interface card connected to the network.
2. Click the “Properties” button.
3. Select “Internet protocol (TCP/IP)” from the list and click on “Properties”.
4. Activate the options “Use the following IP
address” and “Use the following DNS server
addresses”.
5. Enter the parameters shown in Fig. 10 and
confirm with “OK”.
When the above IP address is entered in the
web browser, the econ-sens+ homepage
should appear.
Figure 15: Internet protocol properties
The settings for Windows 7 are performed in the Network and Sharing Center.
Accessing the web interface in a network with a DHCP server
If the econ sens+ is located in a network in which there is a DHCP server available for automatic
address assignment, it automatically adopts the address assigned to it by this server. You can identify
which address the econ sens+ has been given in the DHCP Server.
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Home menu
1
2
3
4
Figure 12: "Home" menu screen
On the home screen of the econ sens + you find the following information:
1. Menu bar to navigate the individual menus of the econ sens+
2. Device name and current time/date
3. Language selection menu
4. Information bar
Time/date settings
Start-up time
Operating system version
Application software version
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Meter menu
Econ sens+ displays the measured values in tabular form in the Meter menu.
This table is shown in Fig. 17.
*
Figure 13: econ sens+ table of measured values
The following are displayed: the voltages of the phases L1, L2, L3, the corresponding currents, as well
as the active and the reactive power per phase and the “power factor” (for pure sinusoidal alternating
currents, this is synonymous with the familiar cos phi).
You can refresh the display by pressing the F5 key on your keyboard as required or you can activate
the arrow button next to the word “Actual power”. Then the display will be updated every second.
The vector diagram below the table serves to visualize the phase shift between the voltages L1, L2 L3
and the corresponding currents.
*The “Un” specification below the table indicates the so-called neutral conductor voltage (voltage difference between the neutral
conductor and the protective earth). This is needed for the Events menu, which deals with network analysis. This menu is
however disabled in this software version.
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You can also have the voltage and the current on the three phases displayed as a curve by selecting
the Curve option at the bottom left of the screen. (see Fig.18)
Figure 18: Current and voltage curves
Econ sens+ is able to measure and display both the generated and the consumed active power. This
is illustrated in Fig.12.
The consumed active power is shown in the table in blue, while the generated active power with a
negative sign is shown in red. In the above example this means that on phase L1 power is only
consumed and on phase L2 power is only generated.
If power is both consumed and generated at the same time on one phase, econ sens+ shows the sum
of the two.
An example:
With your photovoltaic power system with downstream inverter you generate 1 kW on each of the
three phases L1, L2, L3, at the same time consuming 500 Watt on phase L2 for various household
appliances. Then your table of measured values would look like the table in Fig. 19.
Figure 19: Table of measured values for the example
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Installation check routine „Installation check“
The econ sens + has a small installation check routine, called "installation check".
General,
it
is
measurement
assumed
coils
that
were
all
installed
correctly, and the measured load has a
power factor of >0.71 (phase shift
between
U
and
I
<45
°).
Then the table of measurements in
Figure 20 is shown. In this example, a
load of about 6 kW measured at L1, L2
and L3 are unloaded.
Figure 20: Table of measured values without error message
Is an installation error, for example, the coil L2 is placed around the voltage circuit from L1, the power
factor falls below 0,71 and it appears in the table of measurements the following error message:
In the table of measured
values it can be seen that
the power factor of phase
2 has dropped below 0,71
and
the
phase
shift
between U2 and I2 in the
graphic
"Phasor"
has
120°. This is a typical error
pattern
for
the
above-
named Installation errors.
Figure 21: Error message
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Note:
Due to the simplicity of the installation check routine, there are also cases where there are no
installation errors, the routine but still displays an error message such as:
a) The measured power is exclusively produced and there is a little or no consumed power
b) The power factor of the connected load is actually <0,71
Therefore, always be careful to correct installation of the measuring coils and their assignment to the
voltage path to avoid misunderstandings.
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Graph menu
In the Graph menu, the measurement results are represented as a measuring curve. Fig. 22 shows an
example of such a curve.
Figure 14: Measuring curve in Graph menu
The sum of the power/energy from the three phases is shown over a certain period of time. Using the
– period and + period buttons next to the X-axis label you can toggle through the measuring curves
step by step (e.g. every day of a month).
The following views are available:
Month view:
Consumed and generated energy (kWh) in 15-min steps
Day view:
Consumed and generated energy (W) in 15-min steps
Hour view:
Consumed and generated energy (W) in 1-min steps
15-min view:
Consumed and generated energy (W) in 1-s steps
The measured values associated with the curves can be downloaded as a text file using the Download
function
Using File-> Save page as… in your browser you can transfer the text file to your PC.
There are two Download options to choose from; the only difference between them is the use of
different separators (comma or point) in decimal numbers
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Events menu
The Events menu is used to configure the recording of network events. These are needed for network
analysis in accordance with EN 50160. This function is optional available (Pro-version).
Settings menu
The Settings menu is used for the parameterization of the econ sens+. All settings required for the
operation of the device can be performed in the corresponding submenus. The main page of the menu
shows status information.
Figure 23: Main page of the Settings menu
You can access the submenus by entering your user name and password. The default settings are as
follows:
User name: user
Password: pass
Via the login you will be redirected to the submenus and will automatically land in the Time/Date
submenu.
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General information on saving settings
The overall configuration procedure for the econ sens+ is spread over several menus and various
input windows.
On every menu page there is an Accept button. This is used to save your inputs on the respective
menu page, i.e. if you change the menu page and forget to press Accept, your inputs will revert to the
default values.
In order to permanently save your settings at the end of the overall configuration procedure, select
Store changes in permanent memory in the Save menu and confirm with Accept.
On every menu page you will be reminded to permanently save your settings with the message
“Remember to save your changes permanently”.
Time/Date submenu
Time/Date submenu is used to configure the time and date settings of the econ sens+.
Figure 24: Time/Date submenu
The following options are available:
1. Time setting using NTP time server
If the econ sens+ is in a network in which a time server with NTP protocol is available, the device can
adopt the time and date from this server. To do this, activate the Adopt time and date from time server
select box.
You can define up to four ntp time servers. To do this enter the IP addresses or names of the
respective servers in the fields adjoining ntp time servers 1..4, e.g.
ptbtime1.ptb.de
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When you click on Accept, the econ sens+ first of all checks the connection to the specified server. If
there are several servers available, the device automatically selects the one with the shortest
response time.
Figure 25: Connection to time server was successful
2. Manual time settings:
If there is no ntp time server available, the device time settings can be set manually.
Activate select box Date and time = set time manually. When you click on Accept, the system time and
date of the econ sens+ are compared with the values in the Set time manually field. Copy e.g. the time
settings of your PC into this field.
Click on Reset to reset your entries to the default values.
Network submenu
In the Network menu you can perform the basic network settings of the econ sens+.
Figure 26: Main page of the Network menu
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In the info area, the MAC address of the device is shown at the top. Under this is listed all of the
information provided by the DHCP server, which may exist in the system. If there is no DHCP server in
the system, these info fields remain empty.
In the table below this the following settings can be made:
Which IP address should be used?
You have the choice between manual assignment of the IP address or assignment of the address by
DHCP server. The default setting is the function: If possible obtain IP address per DHCP.
If the device does not find a DHCP server, the data from the IP address, subnet mask, default
gateway, DNS server and network device name fields are automatically used. The data shown in Fig.
20 represents the device default settings.
The ping IP address field is used to send a ping command to a defined IP address, as you may be
familiar with from DOS. This function is used to test the network connection.
Electrical submenu
The Electrical submenu is used for configuration
Figure 27: Main page of the Electrical menu
Econ sens+ can be used in various different power systems, e.g. in 2, 3 and 4-wire power systems
with any load. The device can be operated in power systems with a nominal voltage starting at 120V
(e.g. USA), as well as in power systems with 230/400 V and 400/690 V. Different power frequencies
(50 und 60 Hz) can also be represented.
For the configuration of the power system, in which econ sens + will be used, there are only a few
settings to be made.
You can either use one of the predefined settings or compile all of the parameters yourself using the
user-defined settings.
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Explanation of the settings:
The European region generally has 230/400 V power systems. The 130/230 V setting must be used
for power systems in the USA; 400/690V power systems are found in large manufacturing plants or
wind power plants. In Europe the supply frequency is 50 Hz in the USA it is 60 Hz. Before you change
any of these parameters, you should find out which setting needs to be selected.
As a general rule, you will use the econ sens+ in a power system or measure the power consumption
of a consumer that is supplied with 3 phases and a neutral conductor. Symmetrical consumers, e.g.
large electric motors are the exception; these are connected via only three phases.
Therefore you can still choose between the triangle option (three-phase three-wire power system
without neutral conductor) and the star option (three-phase four-wire power system with neutral
conductor) or a single-phase power system.
Figure 15: User-defined settings in the Electrical menu
The Recording interval setting determines whether you obtain 10-min mean values or 15-min mean
values when you export the energy consumption data, as described in the chapter on the Graph
menu. The default setting is 15-min mean values.
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Figure 29: Custom Settings menu “Electrical” (Pro version)
With an optional activation key the econ sens + can be extended to the Pro version. The limits for
event recording are carried out in this table (Figure 29). "Apply settings to EN501060" by selecting the
limits are set to default values according to the above standard. The event log and the waveforms are
called on the menu: Events
Event description:
Frequency variations
The average supply frequency is checked every 10 seconds. Deviations of more than 1%
from the nominal frequency are detected. This is the slow frequency deviation event.
Magnitude variations
The average supply voltage is checked every 10 minutes. Deviations of more than 10% from
the nominal supply voltage are detected. This is the slow voltage deviation event.
Default Value: low limit 90% /high limit 110%
Rapid voltage changes
The 3 supply phases are checked. Sudden voltage changes of more than 5% of the nominal
supply voltage are detected. Default Value: 5%
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Flicker severity
The 3 supply phases are checked. The method used to calculate the flicker is an
approximation of the standard method. Default Value: limit x10
Voltage dips
The 3 supply phases are checked. Voltage drops below 90% of the nominal supply voltage
and less than 1 minute in duration are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 90%
Voltage interruptions
The 3 supply phases are checked. Voltage drops below 10% of the nominal supply voltage
and less than 3 minutes in duration are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event.
Temporary overvoltage
The 3 supply phases are checked. Overvoltage above 110% of the nominal supply voltage
and less than 3 minutes in duration are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 110%
Transient overvoltage
The 3 supply phases are checked. Overvoltage above 150% of the nominal supply voltage
and less than 1 minute in duration are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 150%
Voltage unbalance
The 3 supply phases are checked. Unbalance above 2% is detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 2%
Harmonic voltage
The 3 supply phases are checked. Total harmonic distortions of a voltage above 8% are
detected. Harmonics are detected up to the 15th harmonic.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 8%
.
Current limit
The 3 supply phases are checked. Currents above maximum current range are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value: 3000Arms
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Frequency drift
The supply frequency is checked. Sudden frequency changes of more than 1Hz of the
nominal supply voltage are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value 100%
Vector jump
The 3 supply phases are checked. Jumps of the voltage angle of more than 30° are detected.
A waveform is stored for this event. Default Value 30%
Neutral overvoltage
The neutral voltage is checked. A voltage above 10% of the nominal supply voltage is
detected. Default Value 10%
Power on/off
The last power on and off times are logged.
Harmonic current
The 3 supply phases are checked. Total harmonic distortions of a current above 2% are
detected. A waveform is is stored for this event. Default Value 100%
Time change
Changes to the internal clock time are logged.
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29
Events (Proversion) submenu
For each event up to 6 parameters are logged when the event occurs. Unused parameters are 0.
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30
Pulses / s submenu
Every pulse that is outputted via the two pulse outputs corresponds to an amount of energy in Wh.
This “pulse weight” can be set in the Pulses/s menu.
This is necessary, as the pulse output can
supply a maximum pulse frequency of 10 Hz;
this corresponds to 36000 pulses/h.
Figure 30: pulse weighting S0-Interface
The maximum admissible pulse weighting factor can be calculated with the following equation:
X
P * 1h
P = max. connected load in Watt
36000
X = pulse weighting factor in Wh/pulse
Example: If the consumer to be measured is a machine with Pges = 100 KW
X
100.000  1h
Wh
 2.8
36000
pulse
In practice, electric meters often have a pulse constant (here K) in pulses/kWh. To convert X into this
constant K:
K
1
* 1000
X
In our example, this means:
K
1
pulses
*1000  357
2,8
kWh
Practice has shown that a pulse rate of 100 pulses/kWh (= 10 Wh/pulse) is entirely sufficient.
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31
Modbus Pulses / s (S0/RS 485-Variante) submenu
The settings for the Modbus communication is carried out in this section.
Figure 31: Custom Modbus settings in the menu pulse / s (Example: Modbus TCP)
Modbus Settings
The setup has to be performed via HTML.
Parameter
Description
Modbus Interface
This selects which modbus protocol is used:
- none
- Modbus TCP
- Modbus RTU (over RS485 line)
- Modbus Gateway
This single byte value selects the bus address.
Allowed values are 0..255.
This selects the RS485 baudrate. Allowed values are 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600 and 115200.
This selects the RS485 parity: none, odd, even.
Stopbits: 1 or 2.
This selects the port number for modbus over TCP/IP.
The default value is 502. Other values are allowed
This parameter is only used when the sesn+ is used as a modbus
gateway. This is a time in milliseconds, allowed values are 0..3600000.
This parameter is only used when the sens+ is used as a modbus
gateway. This is a time in milliseconds, allowed values are 0..3600000.
minimum activity time for modbus event flags, can be set via HTML
modbus settings. This is a time in milliseconds, allowed values are
0..3600000.
Modbus address
Modbus baudrate
Modbus paritiy
Modbus stopbits
Modbus port number
Modbus TCP delay
Modbus RS 485 timeout
Modbus Events Flag
minimum activity time (ms)
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32
Modbus register address ranges
Range
Contents
Data size & type
2…110
Measurements - Present value
32 bit, Float
120…126
Measurements - Present value
32 bit, Float
200...216
Event flags
1 bit
300...340
Event settings
32 bit, Integer
400...406
System
16 bit, Integer
500...510
Event values
32 bit, Float
1002...1110
Measurements - Present value
32 bit, Float, gedreht
1120...1126
Measurements - Present value
32 bit, Float, gedreht
1300…1340
Event settings
32 bit, Integer, gedreht
1500…1510
Event values
32 bit, Integer, gedreht
The following is a list of all the measurement registers that can be read through modbus. All data is
expressed in floating point and uses 2 registers for 4 bytes in total. The data is available from registers
2..110 and 1002..1110. The values in both ranges are the same, but the order of the registers is
switched.
- Big-Endian (High-Byte vor Low-Byte) - Register 2…110
- Little-Endian (Low-Byte vor High-Byte) - Register 1002...1110
Modbus supports the commands “Read Holding Registers” (0x03) and “Read Input Registers” (0x04).
Registers 2..110 are addressed as 1..109. Only requests with a odd register address and a quantity of
registers that is a multiple of 2 are valid. Other request will return an “Illegal Data Address” (0x02)
exception code.
Name
Register
Description
Phase
Units
Ptot
2
Real Energy (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kWh
P L1
4
Real Energy (Actual count)
L1
kWh
P L2
6
Real Energy (Actual count)
L2
kWh
P L3
8
Real Energy (Actual count)
L3
kWh
Qtot
10
Reactive Energy (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kvarh
Q L1
12
Reactive Energy (Actual count)
L1
kvarh
Q L2
14
Reactive Energy (Actual count)
L2
kvarh
Q L3
16
Reactive Energy (Actual count)
L3
kvarh
u(L1)
18
Voltage (Present value)
L1-L2
V
u(L2)
20
Voltage (Present value)
L2-L3
V
u(L3)
22
Voltage (Present value)
L3-L1
V
un(L1)
24
Voltage (Present value)
L1-N
V
un(L2)
26
Voltage (Present value)
L2-N
V
un(L3)
28
Voltage (Present value)
L3-N
V
i(L1)
30
Current (Present value)
L1
A
i(L2)
32
Current (Present value)
L2
A
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33
i(L3)
34
Current (Present value)
L3
A
p(L1)
36
Real Power (Present value)
L1
kW
p(L2)
38
Real Power (Present value)
L2
kW
p(L3)
40
Real Power (Present value)
L3
kW
q(L1)
42
Reactive Power (Present value)
L1
kvar
q(L2)
44
Reactive Power (Present value)
L2
kvar
q(L3)
46
Reactive Power (Present value)
L3
kvar
s(L1)
48
Apparent Power (Present value)
L1
kVA
s(L2)
50
Apparent Power (Present value)
L2
kVA
s(L3)
52
Apparent Power (Present value)
L3
kVA
PF tot
54
Power Factor (Present value)
L1,L2,L3
PF(L1)
56
Power Factor (Present value)
L1
PF(L2)
58
Power Factor (Present value)
L2
PF(L3)
60
Power Factor (Present value)
L3
Hdu(L1)
62
Voltage Distortion (Present value)
L1-N; THD
%
Hdu(L2)
64
Voltage Distortion (Present value)
L2-N; THD
%
Hdu(L3)
66
Voltage Distortion (Present value)
L3-N; THD
%
Hdi(L1)
68
Current Distortion (Present value)
L1; THD
%
Hdi(L2)
70
Current Distortion (Present value)
L2; THD
%
Hdi(L3)
72
Current Distortion (Present value)
L3; THD
%
Temp
74
Temperature (Present value)
°C
Freq
76
Frequency (Present value)
Hz
P+tot
78
Real Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kWh
P+ L1
80
Real Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L1
kWh
P+ L2
82
Real Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L2
kWh
P+ L3
84
Real Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L3
kWh
P-tot
86
Real Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kWh
P- L1
88
Real Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L1
kWh
P- L2
90
Real Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L2
kWh
P- L3
92
Real Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L3
kWh
Q+tot
94
Reactive Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kvarh
Q+ L1
96
Reactive Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L1
kvarh
Q+ L2
98
Reactive Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L2
kvarh
Q+ L3
100
Reactive Energy, verbraucht (Actual count)
L3
kvarh
Q-tot
102
Reactive Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L1,L2,L3
kvarh
Q- L1
104
Reactive Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L1
kvarh
Q- L2
106
Reactive Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L2
kvarh
Q- L3
108
Reactive Energy, Rückspeisung (Actual count)
L3
kvarh
U (N)
110
Voltage (Present value)
N
V
Modbus Register – Present value/actual count part 1
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Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
Name
34
Register Description
Phase
Units
i tot
120
Current, total (Present value)
L1,L2,L3
A
p tot
122
Real Power, total (Present value)
L1,L2,L3
kW
q tot
124
Reactive Power, total (Present value)
L1,L2,L3
kvar
s tot
126
Apparent Power, total (Present value)
L1,L2,L3
kVA
Modbus Register – Present value/ actual count part 2
Modbus Events
The following is a list of all the coils that can be read through modbus. Every event has a single flag.
When the event starts, the VIPtrak3 sets the flag. The flag is cleared when the event ends. The user
can set a minimum activity time, the flag will remain high for at least this time. A setup register for this
value is included after the event settings. Its value is expressed in milliseconds. Modbus supports the
commands “Read Coils” (0x01) and “Read Discrete Inputs” (0x02). Coils 200..216 are addressed as
199..215.
Name
Register
Frequency Variation
200
Magnitude Variation
201
Rapid Voltage Change
202
Flicker Severity
203
Voltage Dip
204
Voltage Interruption
205
Temporary Overvoltage
206
Transient Overvoltage
207
Voltage Unbalance
208
Harmonic Voltage
209
Current Trigger
210
Frequency Drift
211
Vector Surge
212
Neutral Overvoltage
213
Power
214
Harmonic Current
215
Time Change
216
Table Modbus – Events
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Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
35
Modbus Event Setting Registers
The event settings are also available. These are included in registers 300..340 or 1300..1340.
Name
Register
Frequency Variation Intervall
300
Frequency Variation low limit
302
Frequency Variation high limit
304
Magnitude Variation Period
306
Magnitude Variation low limit
308
Magnitude Variation high limit
310
Rapid Voltage Change limit
312
Flicker Severity Period
314
Flicker Severity limit
316
Voltage Dip limit
318
Voltage Interruption limit
320
Temporary Overvoltage limit
322
Transient Overvoltage limit
324
Voltage Unbalance limit
326
Harmonic Voltage limit
328
Current Trigger
330
Frequency Drift limit
332
Vector Surge limit
334
Neutral Overvoltage limit
336
Harmonic Current limit
338
Event halflife time
340
Modbus System Register
Name
Register
Serial number
400
Year
401
Month
402
Day
403
Hour
404
Minute
405
Second
406
Table Modbus general registers
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36
Modbus Event Value Registers
Pst is the short term flicker value for the last flicker period. Plt is the long term flicker value,
this is the cubic mean value over the last 12 periods.
Name
Register
Short term flicker Pst L1
500
Short term flicker Pst L2
502
Short term flicker Pst L3
504
Long term flicker Plt L1
506
Long term flicker Plt L2
508
Long term flicker PltL3
510
Table - Modbus event value registers
Modbus TCP
When the econ sens+ is used as a Modbus server over TCP/IP, the modbus TCP specification
suggests to use address 255 and port number 502. Other values are possible. This modbus interface
can be used on devices that do not have an RS485 connection.
Modbus RTU
When the econ sens+ is used as a Modbus server over RS485, only the serial line parameters are
required.
Modbus-Gateway
When the econ sens+ is used as a Modbus Gateway, all parameters are required. The modbus TCP
specification suggests to use port number 502. Other values are possible. If the modbus gateway
receives a request over TCP/IP with an address byte that matches its own bus address, it will act as
modbus server. This way, a device can be both gateway and server at the same time. All requests
with a different address byte are sent to the RS485 bus. This modbus interface can be used on
devices that do not have an RS485 connection. Since it cannot pass on request to the RS485 bus, it
will respond with an exception code 0xA “Gateway path unavailable”. The TCP delay is a time in
milliseconds. After the gateway sends a request to the RS485 bus, it will check the RS485 line for a
response. During the TCP delay, it will not check for new requests on the TCP/IP input. After the delay
is over, the gateway is ready to receive new request via the TCP/IP input. It will keep checking the
RS485 line.
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37
Pass submenu
In the Pass submenu you can change your password and user name.
Figure 32: Main page of the Pass submenu
When this menu is accessed, the user name that is currently used is displayed in the User Name field.
To change the password or user name proceed as follows:
Enter the new name and new password in the User Name and Password fields and repeat in the
Verify password field. When you click on Accept the following screen appears:
Figure 33: Confirming password change
Within 60 s, enter the old user name and the old password. Ensure that there is a tick in the “Accept
requested changes” box.
Click on Accept to save the new password and, if applicable, the new user name.
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
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38
Save submenu
The Save submenu is used to save or restore settings from the non-volatile memory of the econ
sens+. Settings that have been made in the menus are lost when the supply voltage is switched off, if
they have not been saved by selecting Store changes in permanent memory.
Figure 16: Main screen of the Save submenu
System submenu
The following functions are available in the System submenu:
Figure 35: Main screen of system menu
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39
Deletion of all event recordings:
Deletes all data from the device resulting from event recordings (during network analysis). The
network analysis is however disabled in this software version.
Deletion of all output and event recordings:
Deletes all measured output and event recordings from the device.
Restart device
Restarts the econ sens+ (not a reset)
Restore default settings; measured data is retained
Resets the econ sens+ back to its default settings (incl. user name and password). Measured data is
not deleted from the memory.
Complete memory backup for power and event recordings
With this function, the entire memory content of the device (except user name and password) is written
into a text file. This text file is encrypted and cannot be read by the user. It is intended for the
manufacturer for error analysis.
Programupdate, current version is searched
With this function, the current firmware is located and installed from the econ update server.
Programupdate aus Datei
With this function, the current firmware will be uploaded from a text file to the device.
Options
With this function, the network analysis and event recording (Pro version) are activated by key.
Contact menu
By clicking on the Contact menu item, you will automatically be routed to the official website of econ
solutions GmbH, http://www.econ-solutions.de, where you will find information on further econsolutions products and also of course on the econ sens+.
Manual menu
By clicking on the Manual menu item, the user is automatically transferred to the website
http://www.econ-sens.com, where this manual is available online.
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
40
Initial Operation
For initial operation of the econ sens+ proceed as follows:
1.) Before you switch the device on, check that all cable connections to the econ sens + are
in place as described in the previous chapters.
2.) Switch on the circuit breakers in the voltage path; all three indicator LEDs should then
light up.
Check that the voltages are applied to the device and that the phases L1, L2 and L3 are
correctly connected.
3.) Access the web interface of the device and check first of all the time settings and the
display in the Meter menu.
If there is no load connected you should at least see the voltage values. If there is a load
connected, verify the measurement result, if possible.
If you do not see any measured values even though there is a load connected, proceed
as described in Chapter 7 Troubleshooting.
Manual econ sens+
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Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
41
Troubleshooting
1.) The S0 outputs of the Econ Sens + supply no pulses
Possible causes:
a.) The pulse weighting in the Pulses/s menu is set to 0 Wh/pulse
-> Set the pulse weighting to > 0 Wh/pulse
b.) The pulse weighting in the Pulses/s menu is set too high
-> The pulse outputs of the econ sens+ allow for a maximum pulse rate of 10 Hz. Lower
the pulse rate to a lower value. How to calculate the maximum admissible pulse rate is
explained in the chapter Pulses/s.
c.) Wrong allocation of L1, L2 and L3 between the voltage path and the current path
-> Ensure that the coil L1 of the current path is wrapped round the conductor L1 of the
voltage path at the consumer. Do the same for phases L2 and L3. If necessary, check the
rotating field in the voltage path.
In the Meter menu, check whether the measured power ratings are non-zero.
d.) The coils on the econ sens + are not plugged in properly
-> If the coils on the econ sens+ are not plugged in properly, the current path is
missing, i.e. the individual power measured = 0.
If the coils are missing, the following error message will be displayed in the Home
menu:
Fig. 36: Missing coils error message
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Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
42
e.) The coils for current measurement are wrongly aligned (label does not point in
direction of load)
-> econ sens + is able to measure both generated and consumed power/energy.
The econ sens + has one pulse output for consumed power and one for generated
energy.
Imp+ = consumed power
Imp- = generated power
Only the Imp+ output is of significance for the measurement of pure energy consumption.
In the web interface, consumed power is shown in the Meter menu as a positive value
and generated power as a negative value and the sum of the two is calculated.
If the sum of the individual power values is positive, i.e. the consumed portion
predominates, the pulses are outputted to the Imp+ output.
If the sum of the individual power values is negative, i.e. the generated portion
predominates, the pulses are outputted to the Imp- output.
If all three coils are wrongly aligned, the individual power values are for the econ sens+
generated values and are negative. Therefore the pulses are outputted to the Imp- output
and not to the Imp+.
3.) econ sens+ can no longer be reached via the browser
Possible causes:
a.) The network connection to the econ sens + is interrupted
-> Ensure that there is a network connection to the econ sens+ and that the conductor is
not interrupted.
b.) The voltage path to the econ sens+ was interrupted
-> Ensure that the circuit breakers in the voltage path of the econ sens+ are switched on
and that a voltage is applied to the terminals.
c. ) econ sens+ has a new IP address
-> If you are operating the econ sens+ in a network with a DCHP server, ensure in the
DHCP server that the device always received the same IP address (IP reservation).
Otherwise, if the operating voltage is missing for a longer period of time (power failure,
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
43
maintenance work, etc.), it may be that the sens+ has received a new IP address without
you noticing.
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
44
Technical data
econ sens+ basic unit
mechanical
Dimensions (W x H x D)
Equipment class
[mm]
electrical
1
Operating voltage range
Terminal cross-section
Voltage inputs
Max. clamping torque
Total internal consumption
mm²
Nm
[W]
Frequency range
Hz
Temperature range
°C
Rel. error Voltage measurement
%
1
[VAC]
94 x 23 x 121
IP 20
70..350 (betw. U1,U2,U3 and N)
0.15 - 4 mm²
2,5
max. 1.5 Watt with
Ethernet operation
45…65 Hz
0..55°C, max. 80% rel H, noncondensing 2000m NN
+/- 1
The supply voltage is generated from phases L1 and L2 (with connection to 3-phasen power system)
S0 pulse outputs
S0 pulse outputs in accordance
with DIN 43864
Description
Voltage range
Max. load / Output
Max. pulse rate
Terminal cross-section
Max. clamping torque
[VDC]
A
Hz
mm²
Nm
5..30
0.1
10
0.15 - 4 mm²
2,5
Ethernet Interface
100Mbit fix via RJ-45 socket
Communications interface Modbus TCP
RS-485-Interface
RS-485 based Bussystem.
1 Master and max. 31 Slaves
(Modbus RTU)
Description
Max. cable length Master -> last Slave
m
Baudrate
Terminal cross-section
Max. clamping torque
Bd
mm²
Nm
Manual econ sens+
1200 (Modbus)
9600, 19200, 38400, 57600,
115200 (Modbus)
0,15 - 4 mm²
2,5
Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
45
Dimensions /
mm
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
Safety Instructions and Warranty Terms
46
econ sens+ measuring coils:
Coil 170
Coil 250
Coil 350
[mm]
[mm]
[mm]
[m]
170
35
250
65
35
2
350
95
Measurement range
[Arms]
0...400
0...1600
0..3200
Resolution
Rel. error
[Arms]
%
mechanical
Overall length of coils
Max.diameter of measured cable
Max. bending radius
Length of connecting cable
electrical
0.1
+/- 1
Default settings
Network
By default the econ sens+ searches for a DHCP server; if there is no DCHP server in the network, the
following applies:
IP address:
192.168.0.1
Subnet mask:
255.255.255.0
Standard gateway
192.168.0.254
Date/Time settings
Time / Date:
Adopt time and date from time server
Power settings
Network topology:
Three-phase 4-wire power system (230/400V, 50 Hz)
Pulse weighting
Pulse weighting [Wh/pulse]:
10 Wh/pulse = 100 pulses/kWh
User name:
user
Password:
pass
Manual econ sens+
Version 1.40
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