ELECRAFT KRX3, KAT3 Owner's manual

ELECRAFT KRX3, KAT3 Owner's manual
ELECRAFT® K3
HIGH-PERFORMANCE 160 – 6 METER
TRANSCEIVER
KAT3 100-WATT
AUTOMATIC ANTENNA TUNER
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
Rev C, June 24, 2008
Copyright © 2008, Elecraft, Inc.
All Rights Reserved
Contents
Introduction............................................................................................................................................... 3
Customer Service and Support............................................................................................................................ 3
Technical Assistance ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Repair / Alignment Service ............................................................................................................................. 3
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage ............................................................................................ 4
How ESD Damage Occurs.................................................................................................................................. 4
Preventing ESD Damage..................................................................................................................................... 4
Preparing for Installation .......................................................................................................................... 5
Tools Required .................................................................................................................................................... 5
Parts Included...................................................................................................................................................... 5
Installation Procedure ............................................................................................................................... 6
Removing the Top Cover .................................................................................................................................... 6
Removing the KRX3 Subreceiver Module ......................................................................................................... 6
Removing the Right Side Panel .......................................................................................................................... 8
Removing the KANT Module............................................................................................................................. 9
Installing the ANT2 Connector ......................................................................................................................... 10
Installing the KAT3 Module ............................................................................................................................. 10
Reinstalling the KRX3 Subreceiver Module..................................................................................................... 11
Replacing the Top Cover .................................................................................................................................. 12
Enabling the KAT3................................................................................................................................. 12
2
Introduction
The KAT3 option is an internally-mounted 100-watt automatic antenna tuner. Complete details for using the
KAT3 are included in the K3 Owner’s manual. This manual covers the installation of the KAT3 option in your
K3 transceiver.
Only a few basic hand tools are needed (see page 5) to perform the installation. No soldering or wiring is
required.
Customer Service and Support
Technical Assistance
You can send e-mail to [email protected] and we will respond quickly - typically the same day Monday
through Friday. Telephone assistance is available from 9 A.M. to 5 P.M. Pacific time (weekdays only) at 831662-8345. Please use e-mail rather than calling when possible since this gives us a written record of the details
of your problem and allows us to handle a larger number of requests each day.
Repair / Alignment Service (We want to make sure everyone succeeds!)
If necessary, you may return your Elecraft product to us for repair or alignment. (Note: We offer unlimited email
and phone support to get your kit running, so please try that route first as we can usually help you find the
problem quickly.)
IMPORTANT: You must contact Elecraft before mailing your product to obtain authorization for the
return, what address to ship it to and current information on repair fees and turn around times. (Frequently we
can determine the cause of your problem and save you the trouble of shipping it back to us.) Our repair location
is different from our factory location in Aptos. We will give you the address to ship your kit to at the time of
repair authorization. Packages shipped to Aptos without authorization will incur an additional shipping charge
for reshipment from Aptos to our repair depot.
Elecraft 1-Year Limited Warranty
This warranty is effective as of the date of first consumer purchase. It covers both our kits and fully assembled
products. For kits, before requesting warranty service, you should fully complete the assembly, carefully following all
instructions in the manual.
What is covered: During the first year after date of purchase (or if shipped from factory, date product is shipped to
customer), Elecraft will replace defective or missing parts free of charge (post-paid). We will also correct any
malfunction to kits or assembled units caused by defective parts and materials. Purchaser pays inbound shipping to us
for warranty repair, we pay shipping to return the repaired equipment to you by UPS ground service or equivalent to
the continental USA and Canada. Alaska, Hawaii and outside U.S. and Canada actual return shipping cost paid by
owner.
What is not covered: This warranty does not cover correction of kit assembly errors. It also does not cover
misalignment; repair of damage caused by misuse, negligence, or builder modifications; or any performance
malfunctions involving non-Elecraft accessory equipment. The use of acid-core solder, water-soluble flux solder, or
any corrosive or conductive flux or solvent will void this warranty in its entirety. Also not covered is reimbursement
for loss of use, inconvenience, customer assembly or alignment time, or cost of unauthorized service.
Limitation of incidental or consequential damages: This warranty does not extend to non-Elecraft equipment or
components used in conjunction with our products. Any such repair or replacement is the responsibility of the
customer. Elecraft will not be liable for any special, indirect, incidental or consequential damages, including but not
limited to any loss of business or profits.
3
Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage
There is no climate or work location where the components of your K3 are safe from Electrostatic Discharge
(ESD) unless you take specific steps to prevent such damage. Many of the components in your K3 can be
damaged by static discharges of only a few volts: far too little for you to notice. It is those low-voltage but
destructive discharges that easily happen anywhere and under virtually any environmental conditions.
ESD damage may not be apparent at first. The damaged components may not fail completely. Instead, the
damage may result in below-normal performance for an extended period of time before you experience a total
failure.
How ESD Damage Occurs
Whenever an object containing a static charge touches a circuit in your K3, current will rush into the circuit until
the components reach the same voltage as the source of the static charge. If the voltage or current that passes
through a component during that brief period exceeds its normal operating specifications, it may be damaged or
destroyed.
Preventing ESD Damage
ESD damage cannot occur if there is no voltage difference between the components in your K3 and any object
that touches them. That is how anti-static packaging works. Anti-static bags allow the static charge to flow over
their surface, so that any part of the bag that touches the components inside are all at the same potential at all
times. Anti-static foam keeps the leads of sensitive components at the same potential.
At your work bench, avoiding a dangerous voltage is achieved most easily by tying everything together and
connecting them to a common mains safety ground. This includes your K3, individual boards or other sensitive
components as well as everything they may touch at the work table.
Inexpensive static dissipating work mats are readily-available that will steadily and safely drain off any charges
built up on parts or circuit boards placed on them. They are supplied with a lead that connects the mat to the
common workbench ground. Also, metal cabinets on test equipment used on the bench should be tied together
and connected to the common ground.
Most importantly, you must have a way of continuously draining off any static charges that occur on your body.
Such charges are easy to create, even while sitting quietly at the work bench. Moving your feet on the floor,
shifting position in your chair or even moving your arms so that clothing rubs against itself can produce
destructive static charges. You can discharge yourself by touching an unpainted metal ground, but that will last
only until you move in a way that produces a new static charge. The safest technique is to wear a grounded wrist
strap with a series 1-megohm resistor that continuously drains off any charges. Such wrist straps are readilyavailable and inexpensive.
WARNING
DO NOT attach a ground directly to yourself without a current-limiting resistor as this poses
a serious shock hazard. A wrist strap must include a 1-megohm resistor to limit the current
flow. If you choose to touch an unpainted, metal ground to discharge yourself, do it only
when you are not touching any live circuits with your other hand or any part of your body.
We strongly recommend you take the following anti-static precautions (listed in order of importance) to avoid
trouble:
•
Leave ESD-sensitive parts in their anti-static packaging until you install them. The packaging may be a
special plastic bag or the component’s leads may be inserted in conductive foam. Parts which are
especially ESD-sensitive are identified in the parts list and in the assembly procedures.
4
•
Wear a conductive wrist strap with a series 1-megohm resistor. If you do not have a wrist strap, touch a
ground briefly before touching any sensitive parts to discharge your body. Do this frequently while you
are working. You can collect a destructive static charge on your body just sitting at the work bench. DO
NOT attach a ground directly to yourself as this poses a serious shock hazard.
•
Use a grounded anti-static mat on your work bench.
•
If you choose to use a soldering iron to work on your K3 for any reason, be sure your iron has an ESDsafe grounded tip tied to the same common ground used by your mat or wrist strap.
Preparing for Installation
Tools Required
1.
#0 and #1 size Phillips screwdrivers. To avoid damaging screws and nuts, a power screwdriver is not
recommended. Use the screwdriver that best fits the screw in each step.
2. Small pliers or a 1/4” nut driver.
3. Soft cloth or clean, soft static dissipating pad to lay cabinet panels on to avoid scratching.
The following tools are strongly recommended:
1. ESD wrist strap.
2. Static dissipating work pad.
Parts Included
The following parts should be included in your kit. Check to ensure you have them all. If any parts are damaged
or missing, contact Elecraft for replacements (see Customer Service and Support, page 3).
QTY.
ELECRAFT
PART NO.
ESD Sensitive. Follow ESD safe handling
procedures. Keep in ESD-safe bag until
installed.
1
E850274
SO239 Connector with cable
1
Screw, Black, 4-40, 1/4” (6.4 mm)
2
Lockwasher, 4-40, inside tooth
2
Nut, 4-40
2
ILLUSTRATION
DESCRIPTION
KAT3 Printed Circuit Board Assembly
5
E850229
Installation Procedure
Removing the Top Cover
Disconnect power and all cables from your K3.
Remove the nine screws to free the top cover as shown in Figure 1. After the cover is open, lift it gently to
reach the speaker wire connector. Unplug the speaker then set the top cover aside in a safe place.
Whenever you remove screws from a panel, if one screw seems too tight to loosen
without damaging it, first loosen the other screws then try again. Sometimes one screw
binds in its hole when the other screws are tightened.
Figure 1. Removing K3 Top Cover.
CAUTION: Touch an unpainted metal ground or wear a grounded wrist strap
before touching components or circuit boards inside the K3. See Preventing ESD Damage on
page 4 for more information.
Removing the KRX3 Subreceiver Module
If your K3 is equipped with the optional KRX3 Subreceiver, you must remove the subreceiver module to install
the KAT3. The KRX3 subreceiver module is the “L” shaped metal enclosure (see Figure 2). Remove the
subreceiver module as follows:
Remove the chassis stiffener bar that runs across the top of the K3 chassis and is attached to the side panels.
If the KPA3 is installed, the stiffener will be attached to the KPA3 shield by two screws. These screws may have
nuts and lock washers or they may thread into permanently-attached PEM nuts on the stiffener bar.
6
Remove the two 1-1/2” (38 mm) screws and lock washers shown in Figure 2. These screws extend all the
way through the KRX3 module and secure it to standoffs mounted on the main RF board that fills the bottom of
the K3.
Figure 2. Removing the KRX3 Module.
In the following steps you will handle small TMP coaxial connectors. These are frictionfit connectors shown in Figure 3. Handle the connectors by the grips as shown. Do not pull
on the coaxial cable.
Figure 3. TMP Cable Connectors.
Hold the KRX3 module by the two brass knurled nuts on the top, and lift it straight up to gain access to the
small TMP coaxial connectors plugged into the module. There are two along the front. There may be one at the
back as well, depending upon the options installed. As you lift the KRX3 module, it will unplug from two small
interface circuit boards. One is at the front and the other is at the rear. These small boards may come out with
the module or they may remain attached to the K3 main RF board.
Unplug the TMP coaxial cables leading to the KRX3 module, then lift the module free and set it aside.
Locate the two small interface circuit boards, remove them and put them in a safe place.
7
Removing the Right Side Panel
Remove the hardware securing the heat sinks of U13 and U12 to the right side panel (see Figure 4). Be
careful not to lose the lock washers inside the K3.
Figure 4. U13 and U12 Mounting Hardware.
Remove the screw holding the KANT3 board to the standoff and the screw holding the 2D fastener to the
rear panel near the SO239 antenna connector shown in Figure 5. Do not lose the lock washer inside the K3. It is
easier to keep the hardware from falling inside if you set the K3 on its side feet and remove the screw and lock
washer holding the KANT3 board first, then set it on its bottom feet and remove the flat head screw from the 2D
fastener.
Figure 5. Removing Side Panel Hardware Part 1.
8
Remove the five screws shown in Figure 6 from the right side panel to release it. The side panel will lift off
with the 2D fastener and standoff shown in Figure 5 attached.
Figure 6. Removing Side Panel Hardware, Part 2.
Removing the KANT Module
Unplug the antenna connection to the KANT3 board (see Figure 7) then unplug the KANT3 from the RF
board and lift it out. Flex the back panel outward slightly as needed to clear the edge of the board. Holding the
KANT3 board at the top corners, rock it back and forth as needed to release the connector.
Figure 7. Removing KANT3 Board.
9
Installing the ANT2 Connector
Remove the dummy plug from the ANT2 connector hole in the back panel. The plug is released by
squeezing two tabs on opposite sides (see Figure 8).
Figure 8. Installing ANT2 Connector.
Install the SO239 coaxial connector in the ANT2 space using the hardware shown in Figure 8.If the KRX3
AUX RF connector is installed, remove the 3/8” (9.5 mm) black pan head screw and associated hardware from
the lower hole, then use the same screw to replace the AUX RF ground lug as shown in Figure 9
Figure 9. Installing AUX RF Ground Lug.
As you install components and reassemble your K3, be sure all the screws are in place
and secure, but do not over tighten them. Failure to tighten all screws may result in poor
shielding of sensitive components, resulting in possible noise or birdies in the receiver as well
as other difficult-to-trace problems.
Installing the KAT3 Module
Plug the KAT3 board into P70 on the RF board. This is the same plug that was used by the KANT3. Wear
a wrist strap or touch an unpainted metal ground before handling the boards. Flex the back panel slightly
as needed for the board to clear the lip at the top, just as you did when removing the KANT3 board. If the AUX
RF connector is installed, route the coaxial cable between the KAT3 board and rear panel as shown in Figure 9.
10
Plug the connectors on the wires leading to the ANT1 and ANT2 jacks into the KAT3 board as shown in
Figure 10. ANT1 goes to the connector nearest the rear panel, and ANT2 goes to the one farthest from the rear
panel as shown. Support the top of the KAT3 board when plugging in these connectors. The fit may be very
tight and the KAT3 board does not have any mechanical support at the top yet.
Figure 10. Installing the KAT3 Board.
Replace the right side panel on the K3, installing the screws shown in Figure 6 first. Use the 4-40 3/16”
(4.8 mm) screws you removed earlier.
Replace the 4-40 1/4” (6.4 mm) zinc pan head screw and washer that holds the KAT3 board to the standoff
as shown in Figure 5.
Replace the 4-40, 3/16” (4.8 mm) black flat head screw that secures the back panel to the 2D fastener as
shown in Figure 5.
Replace the two 4-40 3/8” (9.6 mm) black flat head screws, lock washers and nuts to secure the heat sinks
of U13 and U12 to the side panel as shown in Figure 4.
Reinstalling the KRX3 Subreceiver Module
If your K3 does not have a KRX3 subreceiver, go directly to Replacing the Top Cover on page 12.
If your K3 is equipped with the KRX3 Subreceiver, turn to your KRX3 Subreceiver Installation and
Operation manual, Installing the KRX3 Subreceiver Module section to replace the KRX3 module. Be especially
careful to do the following as described in that procedure:
Be sure the cover on battery BT1 on the K3 RF board is in place. The cover is essential to avoid
shorting the battery. The outer rim of the battery is the positive terminal, and may come in contact with
the grounded bottom of the KRX3 enclosure if the cover is not in place.
Be sure all the TMP cables are properly connected or your K3 will not operate properly.
Be sure the TMP cable to J85 on the subreceiver module is routed as shown to prevent signal leakage
between the KRX3 and the K3 main receiver.
11
Replacing the Top Cover
Hold the top cover above the K3, route the speaker wire under the stiffener bar and plug it into P25 on the
KIO3 board at the left rear of the K3 as shown in Figure 11.
Figure 11. Connecting Speaker Cable.
Position the top cover on the K3. Note that the tab on the back center goes under the rear lip of the K3 rear
panel. Secure the top cover with the nine 4-40 3/16” (4.8 mm) black flat head screws you removed earlier.
REPLACE ALL THE SCREWS!
The K3's chassis has excellent rigidity despite its light weight. The screws that hold the top
cover in place are an important part of the structural design. Be sure to replace all the
screws and verify they are tight whenever you replace the cover or other panels
Enabling the KAT3
Your KAT3 will not operate correctly until the following steps are completed!
Reconnect power and antenna (or dummy load) to your K3 and turn it on. Enable your KAT3 ATU using
the C O N F I G commands as described in the Owner’s Manual.
This completes the installation of the KAT3 automatic antenna tuner in your K3.
12
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