ADAS1000 5-Electrode ECG AFE PDF

ADAS1000 5-Electrode ECG AFE PDF
ADAS1000 5-Electrode ECG AFE
For High Performance and Portable ECG Applications
The ADAS1000 5-electrode electrocardiography (ECG) analog front end
(AFE) addresses the challenges facing designers of next generation, low
power, low noise, high performance, tethered and portable ECG systems.
The ADAS1000 chip consists of five electrode inputs and a dedicated right
leg drive (RLD) output reference electrode and has been designed for both
monitor and diagnostic quality ECG measurements.
In addition to supporting the essential elements of monitoring ECG
signals, the ADAS1000 is equipped with functionality such as respiration
measurement (thoracic impedance measurement), pace artifact detection,
lead/electrode connection status, and internal calibration features.
One single ADAS1000 supports five electrode inputs, easily enabling a
traditional 6-lead ECG measurement. Cascading a second ADAS1000
device allows scaling of the system to a true 12-lead measurement, while
cascading multiple devices (three and above) scales the system to a 15-lead
measurement and beyond.
Respiration
The ADAS1000 has an integrated DAC respiration drive at a programmable
frequency (46 kHz to 64 kHz) and an ADC measure circuit that simplifies
this difficult measurement. The measurement is demodulated and provided
to the user as magnitude and phase from which they can determine the
corresponding respiration, given their specific cable parameters. The circuit is
capable of detecting down to 200 mΩ resolution using the internal capacitor
and to lower resolutions using an external capacitor and has a flexible
switching scheme allowing measurement on one of three leads (I, II, III).
Pace Detection Algorithm
The pace detection algorithm runs three instances of a digital algorithm on
three of four possible leads (I, II, III, aVF). It runs on the high frequency ECG
data in parallel with the internal decimation and filtering. It’s been designed
to detect and measure pacing artifacts of widths ranging from 100 μs to
2 ms and amplitudes of 400 μV to 1000 mV. The ADAS1000 returns a flag
that indicates pace was detected on one or more of the leads, as well as the
measured height and width of the detected signal. In the event that a user
wishes to run their own digital pace algorithm, the ADAS1000 provides a high
speed pace interface providing the ECG data at a fast data rate (128 kHz),
with the filtered and decimated ECG data remaining on the standard interface.
Low Power
Designed for low power, the ADAS1000 operates five ECG electrode
measurements from as little as 21 mW. To further minimize overall power
dissipation in applications such as battery-operated Holter and telemetry,
any unused channels or features can be conveniently disabled to further
minimize power to as low as 11 mW for one lead.
Low Noise
Low noise performance is critical for appropriate diagnosis of different
conditions. The ADAS1000 noise performance is 10 µV p-p over 0.05 Hz to
150 Hz to support end equipment regulatory standards. The ADAS1000 offers
methods of trading off noise performance, power, and data rate — making
it suitable to a wide variety of end products. In line-powered ECG systems,
where power isn’t a major concern, the ADAS1000 performance excels.
Device noise performance can be improved using the high performance mode
(where the sample rate of on-board SAR ADCs increases to reduce noise).
Flexible Configurations for Expansion
While the ADAS1000 has been designed for five electrode inputs, it readily
expands to systems with larger electrode/lead counts. Cascading multiple
ADAS1000 devices allows scaling of the system to a true 12-lead or 15-lead
measurement or beyond.
Flexible Data Rates
The standard serial interface outputs all the information related to the
ECG, including LEADS OFF status, pace, respiration, and other auxiliary
functions. The large number of 32-bit or 16-bit data words, collectively
known as a packet or frame, is put onto the serial SDO pin of the data
bus. Different data frame rates (2 kHz, 16 kHz, 128 kHz) are available
to ensure ultimate ease in data capture. The slowest data rate of 2 kHz
allows for more decimation and is the premium frame data rate for low
noise performance. It’s also possible to read data in “skip” mode, which
reads the packet or frame from the device only every second or third
word. The slowest data rate is 500 Hz.
Small Form Factor
This 5-electrode device is available in a RoHS-compliant 9 mm × 9 mm
LFCSP or 12 mm × 12 mm LQFP package.
www.analog.com/healthcare
ADAS1000 Functional Block Diagram
REFIN
REFOUT
CAL_DAC_IO
RLD_SJ
CM_OUT/WCT
RLD_OUT CM_IN
DRIVEN
LEAD
AMP
VREF
CALIBRATION
DAC
SHIELD
DRIVE
AMP
IOVDD
ADCVDD, DVDD
1.8V
REGULATORS
ADCVDD
DVDD
VCM_REF
(1.3V)
RESPIRATION
DAC
COMMONMODE AMP
AC
LEAD-OFF
DAC
AC
LEAD-OFF
DETECTION
10k𝛀
PACE
DETECTION
BUFFER
MUXES
ELECTRODES
×5
CS
SCLK
5× ECG PATH
SDI
AMP
ADC
SHIELD
DRIVE
OPTIONAL
AVDD
SHIELD
FILTERS,
CONTROL,
AND
INTERFACE
LOGIC
ADC
AMP
EXT RESP LL
RESPIRATION PATH
ADAS1000
SDO
DRDY
GPIO0/MCS
GPIO1/MSCLK
GPIO2/MSDO
GPIO3
EXT RESP_LA
EXT RESP_RA
STANDARD
SERIAL INTERFACE
CLOCK GEN/OSC/
EXTERNAL CLK
SOURCE
XTAL1
SECONDARY
MASTER INTERFACE
FOR PACE
CLK_IO
XTAL2
ADAS100x ECG AFE Roadmap
Part Number
Number of Electrodes
Extra
Features
Input Noise, 0.05 Hz
to 150 Hz (𝛍V p-p)*
CM I/P
Range (V)
Supply
Rail (V)
Temperature
Package
ADAS1000
5 ECG electrodes + RLD
Respiration
pace + I/F
10
±1
3.3 to 5.5
–40°C to +85°C
56-lead LFCSP,
64-lead LQFP
ADAS1000-2
5 ECG electrodes
(companion chip for
gang purposes)
—
­
10
±1
3.3 to 5.5
–40°C to +85°C 56-lead LFCSP
ADAS1000-1
5 ECG electrodes +
RLD (no pace algorithm,
includes pace I/F)
Pace I/F
10
±1
3.3 to 5.5
–40°C to +85°C 56-lead LFCSP
*Noise performance measured in 2 kHz data rate with a gain of 2.8, providing a ±0.5 V common-mode input range.
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©2012 Analog Devices, Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks and registered trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
PH09642-0-8/12(C)
www.analog.com/healthcare
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