null  User manual
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
D
D
D
D
D
description/ordering information
These devices consist of four independent
high-gain frequency-compensated operational
amplifiers that are designed specifically to operate
from a single supply over a wide range of voltages.
Operation from split supplies also is possible
when the difference between the two supplies is
3 V to 30 V (for the LM2902, 3 V to 26 V) and VCC
is at least 1.5 V more positive than the input
common-mode voltage. The low supply-current
drain is independent of the magnitude of the
supply voltage.
LM124 . . . D, J, OR W PACKAGE
LM124A . . . J PACKAGE
LM224, LM224A . . . D OR N PACKAGE
LM324 . . . D, N, NS, OR PW PACKAGE
LM324A . . . D, DB, N, NS, OR PW PACKAGE
LM2902 . . . D, N, NS, OR PW PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1OUT
1IN–
1IN+
VCC
2IN+
2IN–
2OUT
1
14
2
13
3
12
4
11
5
10
6
9
7
8
4OUT
4IN–
4IN+
GND
3IN+
3IN–
3OUT
LM124, LM124A . . . FK PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1IN–
1OUT
NC
4OUT
4IN–
D
Wide Range of Supply Voltages:
Single Supply . . . 3 V to 30 V
(LM2902, 3 V to 26 V) or Dual Supplies
Low Supply-Current Drain Independent of
Supply Voltage . . . 0.8 mA Typ
Common-Mode Input Voltage Range
Includes Ground, Allowing Direct Sensing
Near Ground
Low Input Bias and Offset Parameters:
– Input Offset Voltage . . . 3 mV Typ
A Versions . . . 2 mV Typ
– Input Offset Current . . . 2 nA Typ
– Input Bias Current . . . 20 nA Typ
A Versions . . . 15 nA Typ
Differential Input Voltage Range Equal to
Maximum-Rated Supply Voltage . . . 32 V
(26 V for LM2902)
Open-Loop Differential Voltage
Amplification . . . 100 V/mV Typ
Internal Frequency Compensation
1IN+
NC
VCC
NC
2IN+
4
3 2 1 20 19
18
5
17
6
16
7
15
8
14
9 10 11 12 13
4IN+
NC
GND
NC
3IN+
2IN–
2OUT
NC
3OUT
3IN–
D
NC – No internal connection
Applications include transducer amplifiers, dc amplification blocks, and all the conventional
operational-amplifier circuits that now can be more easily implemented in single-supply-voltage systems. For
example, the LM124 can be operated directly from the standard 5-V supply that is used in digital systems and
easily provides the required interface electronics without requiring additional ±15-V supplies.
Copyright  2002, Texas Instruments Incorporated
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date.
Products conform to specifications per the terms of Texas Instruments
standard warranty. Production processing does not necessarily include
testing of all parameters.
On products compliant to MIL-PRF-38535, all parameters are tested
unless otherwise noted. On all other products, production
processing does not necessarily include testing of all parameters.
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
1
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
ORDERING INFORMATION
TA
VIOmax
AT 25°C
PDIP (N)
7 mV
0°C to 70°C
5 mV
–25°C
25°C to 85°C
LM324N
Tube
LM324D
Tape and reel
LM324DR
SOP (NS)
Tape and reel
LM324NSR
LM324
TSSOP (PW)
Tape and reel
LM324PWR
L324
PDIP (N)
Tube
LM324AN
LM324AN
Tube
LM324AD
Tape and reel
LM324ADR
SOP (NS)
Tape and reel
LM324ANSR
LM324A
SSOP (DB)
Tape and reel
LM324ADBR
LM324A
TSSOP (PW)
Tape and reel
LM324APWR
L324A
PDIP (N)
Tube
LM224N
LM224N
Tube
LM224D
Tape and reel
LM224DR
Tube
LM224AN
Tube
LM224AD
Tape and reel
LM224ADR
Tube
LM2902N
Tube
LM2902D
Tape and reel
LM2902DR
SOP (NS)
Tape and reel
LM2902NSR
LM2902
TSSOP (PW)
Tape and reel
LM2902PWR
L2902
Tube
LM124J
LM124J
SOIC (D)
SOIC (D)
PDIP (N)
3 mV
SOIC (D)
PDIP (N)
–40°C to 125°C
7 mV
SOIC (D)
CDIP (J)
5 mV
–55°C to 125°C
LM324N
LM324
LM324A
LM224
LM224AN
LM224A
LM2902N
LM2902
Tube
LM124JB
LM124JB
CFP (W)
Tube
LM124W
LM124W
LCCC (FK)
Tube
LM124FKB
LM124FKB
Tube
LM124D
Tape and reel
LM124DR
Tube
LM124AJ
LM124AJ
Tube
LM124AJB
LM124AJB
Tube
LM124AFKB
SOIC (D)
2 mV
TOP-SIDE
MARKING
Tube
SOIC (D)
3 mV
ORDERABLE
PART NUMBER
PACKAGE†
CDIP (J)
LCCC (FK)
LM124
LM124AFKB
† Package drawings, standard packing quantities, thermal data, symbolization, and PCB design guidelines are available at
www.ti.com/sc/package.
symbol (each amplifier)
–
IN–
OUT
2
+
IN+
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
schematic (each amplifier)
VCC
≈6-µA
Current
Regulator
≈6-µA
Current
Regulator
≈100-µA
Current
Regulator
OUT
IN–
≈50-µA
Current
Regulator
IN+
GND
To Other
Amplifiers
COMPONENT COUNT
(total device)
Epi-FET
Transistors
Diodes
Resistors
Capacitors
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
1
95
4
11
4
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
3
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
absolute maximum ratings over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted)†
LM124, LM124A
LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A
Supply voltage, VCC (see Note 1)
LM2902
UNIT
32
26
V
± 32
± 26
V
Input voltage, VI (either input)
–0.3 to 32
–0.3 to 26
V
Duration of output short circuit (one amplifier) to ground at (or below) TA = 25°C,
VCC ≤ 15 V (see Note 3)
Unlimited
Unlimited
Differential input voltage, VID (see Note 2)
Operating virtual junction temperature, TJ
150
Package thermal impedance, θJA (see Notes 4 and 5)
Package thermal impedance, θJC (see Notes 6 and 7)
150
D package
86
DB package
96
N package
80
80
NS package
76
76
PW package
113
113
FK package
5.61
J package
15.05
W package
14.65
Case temperature for 60 seconds
FK package
260
Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 60 seconds
J or W package
300
Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds
N package
260
°C
86
°C/W
°C/W
°C
300
°C
260
°C
°C
† Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and
functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating conditions” is not
implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
NOTES: 1. All voltage values (except differential voltages and VCC specified for the measurement of IOS) are with respect to the network GND.
2. Differential voltages are at IN+ with respect to IN–.
3. Short circuits from outputs to VCC can cause excessive heating and eventual destruction.
4. Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), θJA, and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable
ambient temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TA)/θJA. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.
5. The package thermal impedance is calculated in accordance with JESD 51-7.
6. Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max), θJC, and TC. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable case
temperature is PD = (TJ(max) – TC)/θJC. Operating at the absolute maximum TJ of 150°C can affect reliability.
7. The package thermal impedance is calculated in accordance with MIL-STD-883.
Storage temperature range, Tstg
4
–65 to 150
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
–65 to 150
electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS†
VIO
O
Input offset voltage
VCC = 5 V to MAX,
VIC = VICRmin, VO = 1.4 V
IIO
O
Input offset current
4V
VO = 1
1.4
IIB
Input bias current
VO = 1
1.4
4V
VICR
C
Common-mode input
voltage range
TA‡
LM124, LM224
TYP §
MIN
25°C
3
Full range
LM324
MAX
MIN
5
LM2902
TYP §
MAX
3
7
7
25°C
2
Full range
25°C
–20
3
30
2
50
2
150
–150
–20
–300
MAX
–20
–500
0 to
VCC – 1.5
Full range
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
RL = 2 kΩ
25°C
VCC – 1.5
VCC – 1.5
RL = 10 kΩ
25°C
nA
V
VCC – 1.5
VO
OH
High level output voltage
High-level
VOL
Low-level output voltage
RL ≤ 10 kΩ
Full range
Large-signal
g
g
differential
voltage amplification
VCC = 15 V, VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL = ≥ 2 kΩ
25°C
50
AVD
Full range
25
CMRR
Common-mode rejection
ratio
VIC = VICRmin
25°C
70
80
65
80
50
80
dB
kS
SVR
Supply-voltage
y
g rejection
j
ratio
(∆VCC /∆VIO)
25°C
65
100
65
100
50
100
dB
VO1/ VO2
Crosstalk attenuation
Output current
IOS
Short-circuit output current
ICC
Supply current
(four amplifiers)
RL = 2 kΩ
Full range
26
VCC = MAX,
RL ≥ 10 kΩ
Full range
27
26
28
5
27
20
100
28
5
25
23
20
24
5
100
20
V/mV
15
f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz
25°C
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 0
VID = 1 V,
25°C
–20
Full range
–10
VCC = 15 V,
VO = 15 V
VID = –1
1 V,
25°C
10
Full range
5
VID = –1 V,
VO = 200 mV
25°C
12
VCC at 5 V,
GND at –5 V
VO = 0,
25°C
±40
±60
±40
±60
±40
±60
VO = 2.5 V,
No load
Full range
0.7
1.2
0.7
1.2
0.7
1.2
VCC = MAX,
VO = 0.5 VCC,
No load
Full range
1.4
3
1.4
3
1.4
3
–30
120
–60
–20
–30
120
–60
–10
20
10
30
12
mV
100
15
120
V
22
–20
–30
dB
–60
–10
20
10
5
mA
20
5
30
µA
30
mA
mA
† All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified. MAX VCC for testing purposes is 26 V for LM2902,
30 V for the others.
‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124, –25°C to 85°C for LM224, 0°C to 70°C for LM324, and –40°C to 125°C for LM2902.
§ All typical values are at TA = 25°C.
5
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
IO
VCC = MAX,
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
0 to
VCC – 1.5
nA
–250
–500
0 to
VCC – 1.5
mV
50
300
–250
UNIT
7
10
25°C
VCC = 5 V to MAX
TYP §
9
100
Full range
MIN
VIO
O
Input offset voltage
VCC = 5 V to 30 V,,
VIC = VICRmin, VO = 1.4 V
IIO
O
Input offset current
4V
VO = 1
1.4
IIB
Input bias current
VO = 1
1.4
4V
VICR
C
Common-mode input
voltage range
POST OFFICE BOX 655303 • DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
High-level output voltage
LM124A
MIN
TYP §
LM224A
MAX
25°C
2
Full range
4
25°C
10
Full range
30
25°C
–50
Full range
–100
MIN
LM324A
TYP §
MAX
2
3
MIN
TYP §
MAX
2
3
4
2
5
15
2
30
–15
–80
–15
–100
0 to
VCC – 1.5
0 to
VCC – 1.5
Full range
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
0 to
VCC – 2
25°C
VCC – 1.5
VCC – 1.5
VCC – 1.5
VCC = 30 V,
RL = 2 kΩ
Full range
26
26
VCC = 30 V,
RL ≥ 10 kΩ
Full range
27
27
27
nA
nA
V
V
26
28
mV
–100
–200
0 to
VCC – 1.5
UNIT
30
75
25°C
VCC = 30 V
RL = 2 kΩ
VOH
TA‡
28
VOL
Low-level output voltage
RL ≤ 10 kΩ
Full range
AVD
Large-signal differential
voltage amplification
VCC = 15 V, VO = 1 V to 11 V,
RL= ≥2 kΩ
Full range
25
25
CMRR
Common-mode rejection ratio
VIC = VICRmin
25°C
70
70
80
65
80
dB
kSVR
Supply-voltage rejection ratio
(∆VCC /∆VIO)
25°C
65
65
100
65
100
dB
VO1/ VO2
Crosstalk attenuation
IO
Output current
IOS
Short-circuit output current
ICC
Supply current
(four amplifiers)
20
5
f = 1 kHz to 20 kHz
25°C
VCC = 15 V,,
VO = 0
VID = 1 V,,
25°C
–20
120
–20
Full range
–10
–10
VCC = 15 V,,
VO = 15 V
VID = –1 V,,
25°C
10
10
VID = –1 V,
VO = 200 mV
VCC at 5 V,
VO = 0
GND at –5 V,
VO = 2.5 V,
VCC = 30 V,
No load
20
5
15
120
Full range
5
5
25°C
12
12
20
–30
V/mV
120
–60
–20
–30
dB
–60
–10
20
10
30
12
mA
20
5
µA
30
25°C
±40
±60
±40
±60
±40
±60
No load
Full range
0.7
1.2
0.7
1.2
0.7
1.2
VO = 15 V,
Full range
1.4
3
1.4
3
1.4
3
† All characteristics are measured under open-loop conditions with zero common-mode input voltage unless otherwise specified.
‡ Full range is –55°C to 125°C for LM124A, –25°C to 85°C for LM224A, and 0°C to 70°C for LM324A.
§ All typical values are at TA = 25°C.
mV
mA
mA
Template Release Date: 7–11–94
TEST CONDITIONS†
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
PARAMETER
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
6
electrical characteristics at specified free-air temperature, VCC = 5 V (unless otherwise noted) (continued)
LM124, LM124A, LM224, LM224A
LM324, LM324A, LM2902
QUADRUPLE OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
SLOS066H – SEPTEMBER 1975 – REVISED OCTOBER 2002
operating conditions, VCC = ±15 V, TA = 25°C
PARAMETER
TEST CONDITIONS
TYP
UNIT
0.5
V/µs
SR
Slew rate at unity gain
RL = 1 MΩ, CL = 30 pF, VI = ±10 V
(see Figure 1)
B1
Unity-gain bandwidth
RL = 1 MΩ, CL = 20 pF (see Figure 1)
1.2
MHz
Equivalent input noise voltage
RS = 100 Ω, VI = 0 V, f = 1 kHz
(see Figure 2)
35
nV/√Hz
Vn
VCC+
–
VI
VO
+
CL
VCC–
RL
Figure 1. Unity-Gain Amplifier
900 Ω
VCC+
100 Ω
–
VI = 0 V
RS
VO
+
VCC–
Figure 2. Noise-Test Circuit
POST OFFICE BOX 655303
• DALLAS, TEXAS 75265
7
IMPORTANT NOTICE
Texas Instruments Incorporated and its subsidiaries (TI) reserve the right to make corrections, modifications,
enhancements, improvements, and other changes to its products and services at any time and to discontinue
any product or service without notice. Customers should obtain the latest relevant information before placing
orders and should verify that such information is current and complete. All products are sold subject to TI’s terms
and conditions of sale supplied at the time of order acknowledgment.
TI warrants performance of its hardware products to the specifications applicable at the time of sale in
accordance with TI’s standard warranty. Testing and other quality control techniques are used to the extent TI
deems necessary to support this warranty. Except where mandated by government requirements, testing of all
parameters of each product is not necessarily performed.
TI assumes no liability for applications assistance or customer product design. Customers are responsible for
their products and applications using TI components. To minimize the risks associated with customer products
and applications, customers should provide adequate design and operating safeguards.
TI does not warrant or represent that any license, either express or implied, is granted under any TI patent right,
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Use of such information may require a license from a third party under the patents or other intellectual property
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Mailing Address:
Texas Instruments
Post Office Box 655303
Dallas, Texas 75265
Copyright  2002, Texas Instruments Incorporated
This datasheet has been download from:
www.datasheetcatalog.com
Datasheets for electronics components.
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