Biotechnology Explorer Fish DNA Barcoding Kit Quick Guide ™

Biotechnology Explorer Fish DNA Barcoding Kit Quick Guide ™
Biotechnology Explorer™
Fish DNA Barcoding Kit
Quick Guide
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Catalog #166-5100EDU
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Quick Guide
Lesson 1: DNA Extraction
Preparing Fish Samples
1. Label one capped 2 ml microcentrifuge tube for
each of your fish samples (that is, “1” for fish
sample 1, “2” for fish sample 2, etc.). Also label
with your initials.
Fish 1__________________
1
2
Initials
Initials
Fish 2__________________
2. Cut a piece of fish muscle up to 100 mg in
mass, approximately the size of a pencil eraserhead, from your first fish sample. Place the piece
in a new weigh boat and slice it with a razor
blade or cutting implement until finely minced.
Transfer the sample into the appropriately
labeled microcentrifuge tube.
1
3. Properly discard the razor blade or cutting
implement. If wearing gloves, change gloves
before handling the next piece of fish. If not,
wash hands thoroughly.
4. Using a new razor blade or cutting implement,
cut a piece of fish muscle up to 100 mg in mass,
approximately the size of a pencil eraser-head,
from your second fish sample. Place the piece
in a new weigh boat and slice it with a razor
blade until finely minced. Transfer the sample
into the appropriately labeled microcentrifuge
tube. Properly discard the razor blade or cutting
implement.
2
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
1
Extracting DNA from fish samples
200 µl
1. Add 200 µl of Resuspension to your two
microcentrifuge tubes containing minced fish
and flick the tubes several times to ensure
full submersion of the fish sample in the
resuspension solution.
1
2
Resuspension
Flick
250 µl
2. Add 250 µl of Lysis to each tube and mix gently
by inverting tubes 10 times to mix contents. Do
not vortex! Vortexing may shear genomic DNA,
which can inhibit PCR amplification.
1
2
Invert
gently, 10x
Lysis
3. Incubate samples at 55°C for 10 min. The
samples do not need to be shaken during
incubation.
55°C Water bath
4. Add 250 µl of Neutralization to each
microcentrifuge tube and mix gently by inverting
tubes 10 times to mix contents (do not vortex). A
visible cloudy precipitate may form.
10 min
250 µl
1
5. Centrifuge the tubes for 5 min at top speed
(12,000–14,000 x g) in the microcentrifuge. A
compact pellet will form along the side of the
tube. The supernatant contains the DNA.
If there are a lot of particulates remaining in the
supernatant after centrifugation, centrifuge the tubes for 5 additional min.
2
Invert
gently, 10x
Neutralization
12,000–14,000 x g
5 min
6. Snap (do not twist!) the bottoms off of the spin
columns and insert each column into a capless
2 ml microcentrifuge tube.
7. Label one spin column 1 for Fish 1 and a second
spin column 2 for Fish 2. Also label the columns
with your initials.
2
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
1
2
8. Transfer the entire supernatant (500–550 µl)
of each fish sample from step 5 into the
appropriately labeled spin column. Try not to
get any of the particulates into the spin column
because they will clog the column and prevent
you from continuing.
Supernatant
Supernatant
1
1
9. Thoroughly mix the tube labeled Matrix by
vortexing or repeatedly shaking and inverting the
tube to make sure particulates are completely
resuspended before use.
2
2
200 µl
1
10. Add 200 µl of thoroughly resuspended Matrix to
the first column containing fish extract and pipet
up and down to mix.
Matrix
11. Using a new pipet tip, add 200 µl of thoroughly
resuspended Matrix to the second column
containing fish extract and pipet up and down to
mix.
200 µl
2
Matrix
12. Centrifuge the columns for 30 sec at full speed.
Take care to spin the column for only
30 sec. Drying the matrix completely at
this point will result in loss of DNA.
13. Remove the spin column from the 2 ml
microcentrifuge tube, discard the flowthrough
at the bottom of the 2 ml tube, and replace the
spin column in the same tube. Add 500 µl of
Wash and wash the matrix by centrifugation for
30 sec.
1
500 µl
Take care to spin the column for only
30 sec. Drying the matrix completely at
this point will result in loss of DNA.
14. Repeat step 13 to wash samples again.
14,000 x g
30 sec
2
1
2
Wash
14,000 x g
30 sec
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
3
15. Remove the spin column from the 2 ml
microcentrifuge tube, discard the flowthrough
at the bottom of the 2 ml tube, and replace
the spin column in the same tube. Centrifuge
columns for a full 2 min to remove residual
traces of ethanol and dry out the matrix.
1
16. Label two clean 2 ml capless microcentrifuge
tubes with your fish sample name and your
initials.
1
2
Initials
Initials
17. When your 2 min spin is completed, remove
the spin columns and discard the 2 ml
microcentrifuge wash tubes.
1
1
18. Place the spin column for each sample into a
new capless 2 ml microcentrifuge tube from
step 16.
1
19. Using a fresh pipet tip for each sample, add
100 µl of distilled water to each spin column,
being careful not to touch the resin. Elute the
DNA by centrifuging for 1 min at full speed.
20. Label two clean 2 ml microcentrifuge tubes (with
caps) Fish 1 and Fish 2 and your initials.
14,000 x g
2 min
2
Clean 2 ml tube,
labeled with “1”
and initials
100 µl
1
Dist.
Water
Initials Initials
21. Transfer the eluted DNA into the appropriately
labeled 2 ml microcentrifuge tube with caps
and store the DNA at 4°C until you are ready to
proceed.
1
2
1
2
1
4
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
2
2
Quick Guide
Lesson 2: PCR Amplification of DNA
1. Label four PCR tubes with your initials and the
sample name (1 for fish sample 1, 2 for fish
sample 2, (+) for the PCR positive control DNA,
(–) for the PCR negative control). Keep the tubes
on ice for the remaining steps.
Tube Name
Master Mix DNA
1
35 µl CMM, 5 µl fish sample 1
2
35 µl CMM, 5 µl fish sample 2
(+)
35 µl CMM, 5 µl (+) sample
(–)
35 µl CMM, 5 µl (–) sample
(+)
(–)
35 µl
2. Using a fresh aerosol filter pipet tip each time,
add 35 µl of CMM (COI master mix) reaction
mix to each PCR tube, capping each tube
immediately after the addition of liquid.
3. Using a fresh aerosol filter pipet tip for each
tube, add 5 µl of the appropriate DNA sample
directly into the CMM liquid in each PCR tube
as indicated by the labels on the tubes, and
pipet up and down to mix. Recap each tube
immediately after adding DNA.
2
1
2
1
(+)
(–)
CMM
5 µl
1
4. When instructed, place the PCR tubes in the
thermal cycler and run the program with the
following cycling conditions:
1. 94°C – 2 min
2. 94°C – 30 sec
3. 55°C – 2 min
4. 72°C – 1 min
5. Repeat steps 2–4 35x
6. 72­°C – 10 min
7. 4°C – hold
Store tubes at 4°C after thermal cycling is
complete.
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
5
Preparing PCR Samples for
Electrophoresis and Sequencing
1. Label four 2 ml microcentrifuge tubes with both
your initials and E. E stands for electrophoresis.
Now label one of these tubes Fish 1, one tube
Fish 2, one tube (+), and one tube (–).
1, E
Initials
2, E
Initials
4. Remove 30 µl from each PCR reaction and
deposit into the 2 ml microcentrifuge tube
corresponding to that sample.
1, PCR
Product
1, SEQ
Initials
2, SEQ
Initials
1, E
Initials
(+), SEQ
Initials
30 µl
5. Store all samples at 4°C until you are ready to
proceed with electrophoresis and sequencing.
1, PCR
Product
6
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
(–), E
Initials
5 µl
2. Remove 5 µl from each PCR reaction and
deposit into the 2 ml microcentrifuge tube
corresponding to that sample.
3. Label three 2 ml microcentrifuge tubes with
both your initials and SEQ. SEQ stands for
sequencing. Now label one of these tubes
Fish 1, one tube Fish 2, and one tube (+). You
will not be sequencing your negative control
sample.
(+), E
Initials
1, SEQ
Initials
Quick Guide
Lesson 3: Gel Electrophoresis
1. Retrieve the 5 µl samples of PCR products (4
samples) from 4°C. To each one, add 5 µl of
sterile water. Use a new pipet tip each time.
5 µl
sterile water
2. Add 2 µl of UView™ 6x loading dye to each
sample, using a new pipet tip each time. Mix
samples well and pulse-spin.
1, E
3. Set up your gel electrophoresis apparatus as
instructed.
2, E
(+), E
(–), E
2, E
(+), E
(–), E
2 µl
6x loading dye
4. Load the agarose gel in the following lane order
and volumes, using a new pipet tip each time:
Lane Sample
1 – EMPTY
2 – EMPTY
1, E
3 – 20 µl PCR molecular weight ruler
4 – 12 µl (+) E
5 – 12 µl (–) E
6 – 12 µl 1 E
7 – 12 µl 2 E
8 – EMPTY
5. Ask your instructor whether the electrophoresis
buffer your electrophoresis units contain is 0.25x
TAE or 1x TAE.
If your buffer is 0.25 x TAE, run the gel at 200 V
for 20 min.
If your buffer is 1x TAE, run the gel at 100 V for
30 min.
6. Visualize the gel on a UV transilluminator or
imaging system. No gel staining is required
as the loading dye contains a fluorescent
compound that will allow visualization of DNA
with UV light.
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
7
Quick Guide
Lesson 4: Sequencing
1. Parafilm your capped Fish 1 SEQ, Fish 2
SEQ, and (+) SEQ tubes thoroughly to prevent
leakage while shipping.
2. Record the sample names on your tubes
and make sure these match the names your
instructor is submitting to the sequencing facility.
This is the only way you can identify the correct
sequencing data file for each sample.
3. Give your samples to your instructor for
shipment to the sequencing facility.
Parafilm is a trademark of the American National Can Company
8
Fish DNA Barcoding Quick Guide
Bio-Rad
Laboratories, Inc.
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Life Science
Group
Bulletin 6410 Rev A
US/EG
13-1028 0513
Sig 1212
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