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Moxa Technologies CP-132U Series User`s guide
Moxa TCC-100 Series
User’s Guide
Tenth Edition, September 2011
www.moxa.com/product
© 2011 Moxa Inc. All rights reserved.
P/N: 1802001000318
Moxa TCC-100 Series
User’s Guide
The software described in this manual is furnished under a license
agreement and may be used only in accordance with the terms of that
agreement.
Copyright Notice
© 2011 Moxa Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
The MOXA logo is a registered trademark of Moxa Inc.
All other trademarks or registered marks in this manual belong to their
respective manufacturers.
Disclaimer
Information in this document is subject to change without notice and does
not represent a commitment on the part of Moxa.
Moxa provides this document as is, without warranty of any kind, either
expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, its particular purpose.
Moxa reserves the right to make improvements and/or changes to this
manual, or to the products and/or the programs described in this manual,
at any time.
Information provided in this manual is intended to be accurate and
reliable. However, Moxa assumes no responsibility for its use, or for any
infringements on the rights of third parties that may result from its use.
This product might include unintentional technical or typographical errors.
Changes are periodically made to the information herein to correct such
errors, and these changes are incorporated into new editions of the
publication.
Technical Support Contact Information
www.moxa.com/support
Moxa Americas
Toll-free: 1-888-669-2872
Tel:
+1-714-528-6777
Fax:
+1-714-528-6778
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Toll-free: 800-820-5036
Tel:
+86-21-5258-9955
Fax:
+86-21-5258-5505
Moxa Europe
Tel:
+49-89-3 70 03 99-0
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Tel:
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Fax:
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Table of Contents
1. Introduction ............................................................. 1
Overview....................................................................
Product Features .........................................................
Package Checklist........................................................
Product Specifications ..................................................
Schematic ..................................................................
LED Indicators ............................................................
2
4
4
4
6
7
2. Installation .............................................................. 8
Hardware Installation .................................................. 9
Termination Resistor Diagram ...................................... 13
Function Diagram ....................................................... 14
Isolation Block Diagram .............................................. 14
Typical Applications .................................................... 14
1
1.
Introduction
TCC-100 series consists of RS-232 to RS-422/485 media converters. The
“I” versions, the TCC-100I/TCC-100I-T come with 2 KV isolation
protection.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:






Overview
Product Features
Package Checklist
Product Specifications
Schematic
LED Indicators
Overview
Many important devices used in today’s industrial environment are still
designed for use with an RS-232 interface. The reason is due in part to
tradition, and in part to convenience. RS-232 hardware is relatively easy
to design, and the device can be readily connected to most PCs. The
drawback is that RS-232 is a point-to-point interface, and it imposes a
distance limitation of only 15 meters between the device and the
computer.
To overcome these limitations, many users employ RS-232 to
RS-422/485 converters, allowing RS-232 devices to connect to an
industrial RS-422 or RS-485 network and transmit data over distances up
to 1.2 km. The RS-422/485 standards overcome the distance limitation
by using a differential signal for transmitting data and control signals.
Transmission distance and multi-drop connections are not the only issues
of importance for industrial applications. In addition, housing, wiring,
power supply, and over-surge protection are also serious concerns.
The TCC-100I and TCC-100I-T models come with isolation protection for
users who need an industrial grade interface conversion product to
extend RS-232 transmission distance and increase networking capability.
The superior industrial application design, which includes DIN-Rail
mounting, terminal block wiring, external terminal block power, and
optical isolation for system protection, makes the TCC-100 series suitable
for use in critical industrial environments. Your RS-232 devices can be
used as part of an industrial RS-422/485 network, but without any
hardware or software changes.
2
RTS/CTS RS-422 Handshaking Signals
The TCC-100 series supports RS-422 handshaking signals. The RTS and
CTS signals help solve the RS-422 signal handshaking problem and
reduce data transmission errors.
Built-in RS-485 ADDC™ Intelligence
ADDC™ (Automatic Data Direction Control) is a Moxa technology that
uses a clever hardware solution to manage RS-485’s data flow control
problem. ADDC™ is a hardware data flow solution that automatically
senses and controls data direction, making the handshaking signal
method unnecessary.
Isolation
Moxa’s electrical isolation technology uses two photo couplers to create a
gap in each electrical signal. One photo coupler transforms the electrical
signal into a light signal, which is transmitted across a small gap, and then
the other photo coupler transforms the light back into an electrical signal.
In this way, the two electrical circuits are completely isolated from each
other, limiting the damage that could otherwise be caused by ground
loops in the electrical signal.
Reverse Power Protection
The Reverse Power Protection feature provides extra protection against
accidentally connecting the power cables to the wrong terminal. The
converter is designed to automatically detect which power wire is positive
and which is negative, and then adjust the power supply accordingly.
DIP Switch Selectable Terminator
For many products of this type, the termination resistor is set by a jumper
located inside the product’s casing, so that the user must open the casing
to disable or change the resistor’s strength. Moxa offers a better solution.
The TCC-100 series’ terminator is configured with a DIP switch located on
the outside of the converter’s casing.
Auto Baudrate Detection
The TCC-100 series incorporates a method for automatically detecting
the serial signal’s baudrate by hardware. This is an extremely convenient
feature for the user. Even if a device’s baudrate changes, the signal will
still be transmitted through the RS-232 to RS-422/485 converter without
any problem.
3
Product Features
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RS-232 to RS-422 conversion with RTC/CTS support
RS-232 to 2/4-wire RS-485 conversion
Detachable wall and DIN-Rail mounting for easy RS-422/485 wiring
PWR, Tx, and Rx LEDs
15 KV ESD protection
2 KV isolation (TCC-100I/TCC-100I-T) for both power and
RS-422/485 signals
Operating temperature:
TCC-100/100I: -20 to 60°C (-4 to 140°F)
TCC-100-T/100I-T: -40 to 85°C (-40 to 185°F)
Package Checklist
Before installing the Moxa TCC-100 product, verify that the package
contains the following items:
•
•
•
•
•
TCC-100/100I media converter
DK-35A: DIN-Rail mounting kit
Power jack to 3-pin terminal block adaptor
User’s manual (this document)
Warranty card
Note: Please notify your sales representative if any of the above items is
missing or damaged.
Product Specifications
Communication
RS-232 Signal
Supports Tx, Rx, RTS, CTS;
Female DB9 interface
RS-422/485 Signal
Terminal block connector (DIP Switch selectable)
4-wire RS-422 (with RTS/CTS), up to 10 nodes
(1.2 km)
4-wire RS-485: up to 32 nodes (1.2 km)
2-wire RS-485: up to 32 nodes (1.2 km)
RS-485 Data Direction ADDC™
Control
Baudrate
50 bps to 921.6 Kbps
ESD Protection
15 KV
4
Isolation
2 KV (TCC-100I/TCC-100I-T) for both power and
signal
Environmental Limits
Operating
Temperature
Storage Temperature
Humidity
Power Requirements
TCC-100/TCC-100I:
-20 to 60°C (-4 to 140 °F)
TCC-100-T/TCC-100I-T:
-40 to 85°C (-40 to 185 °F)
-40 to 85°C (-40 to 185°F)
5 to 95 %RH
Input Power Voltage
Reverse Power
Protection
Over Current
Protection
Power Consumption
External Power 12-48 VDC, terminal block
Protects against V+/V- reversal
Dimensions
67 × 100 × 22 mm (without ears)
90 × 100 × 22 mm (with ears)
Aluminum
#22 to #16 AWG
Protects against 2 signals shorted together
TCC-100/TCC-100-T: 85 mA @ 12 V
TCC-100I/TCC-100I-T: 150 mA @ 12 V
Physical Characteristics
Housing
Plug-In Screw
Terminal Block
Weight
Regulatory Approvals
148±5 g
CE, FCC (Class A), UL-60950-1
WARNING
1. This equipment is intended to be used in Restricted Access
2.
Locations like computer rooms for which access can only
be gained by SERVICE PERSONNEL or USERS who have
been instructed that the metal chassis of the equipment is
extremely hot. Access to the room must be through the
use of a key or security identity system.
External metal parts of the equipment are hot!! Be sure to
protect your hands before touching the equipment.
5
WARNING
1. The DC source should come from an external adaptor or 12
2.
3.
to 48 VDC source (not from DC mains) by using a transfer
device.
This unit should be installed or set up by a qualified service
person.
The 12 to 48 VDC power input is used for product version
2.0 and later. Prior versions use 12 to 30 VDC.
Schematic
6
LED Indicators
The TCC-100’s top panel contains three LED
indicators, as described in the following
table:
LED Name LED Function
PWR
Red indicates the power is on.
Green indicates the TCC-100 is
receiving data from the
RS-232 port.
Yellow indicates the TCC-100
is receiving data from the
RS-422/485 port.
7
2
2.
Installation
This chapter includes information about how to install TCC-100 products,
and shows function and block diagrams.
The following topics are covered in this chapter:





Hardware Installation
Termination Resistor Diagram
Function Diagram
Isolation Block Diagram
Typical Applications
Hardware Installation
Installing the TCC-100 involves six straightforward steps:
•
•
•
•
•
•
STEP
STEP
STEP
STEP
STEP
STEP
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
Set the DIP switches
Attach the power supply
Wire the terminal block
Attach the RS-232 converter
Test the connection
Choose a placement option
STEP 1: Set the DIP Switches
The DIP switches on the TCC100/100I are used to set the signal
transmission mode and to enable or disable the termination resistor. You
can configure the converter for either RS-422 or RS-485 transmission
mode. Your program and serial port should be set to match the
converter’s settings.
SW1— Switch 1 selects RS-422 or RS-485 mode. The default is “On” for
RS-422 mode.
SW2— Switch 2 selects 2-wire or 4-wire RS-485 mode. The default is
“On” for 4-wire RS-485. Note that if Switch 1 is set to RS-422
mode, then Switch 2 is inactive.
SW3— Switch 3 enables the terminator to 120 ohms. When enabled, the
120 ohm resistor prevents signal reflection during RS-485
transmission. The default is “On” to enable the terminator. If your
particular application does not require using the termination
resistor, then simply set Switch 3 to the off position to disable it.
Dip Switch Settings
RS-422
(terminator active)
SW1
ON
SW2
ON
SW3
ON
RS-422
SW1
ON
SW2
ON
SW3
OFF
4-wire RS-485
(terminator active)
SW1
OFF
SW2
ON
SW3
ON
9
4-wire RS-485
SW1
OFF
SW2
ON
SW3
OFF
2-wire RS-485
(terminator active)
SW1
OFF
SW2
OFF
SW3
ON
2-wire RS-485
SW1
OFF
SW2
OFF
SW3
OFF
The DIP-2 switches are used to configure the pull high/low resistors for
different applications.
S2
Pull High/Low Resistor
150K
1K (default)
NOTE
DIP-2 SW1
OFF
ON
DIP-2 SW2
OFF
ON
We recommend setting the pull high/low resistor to 1K (ON/ON)
when termination is enabled.
10
STEP 2: Attach the power supply
The TCC-100 is powered by an
external 12 to 48 VDC power supply.
To connect the power supply, run two
wires from the V+ and V- terminals
on the TCC’s 3-connector terminal
block to the DC power supply, as
shown in the figure. Once the power
supply is connected to its power
source, the PWR LED located on
TCC’s top panel should turn red.
NOTE
The TCC-100 series supports reverse power protection. I.e., it will
automatically detect which power wire is negative, and which is
positive.
STEP 3: Wire the terminal block
There are three wiring options available for connecting to the TCC-100’s
RS-422/485 terminal block.
2-wire RS-485
When using the 2-wire RS-485 wiring
option, connect three wires from the
TCC-100’s terminal block to the
opposite connection. As shown in the
figure, connect from Data+ to Data+,
from Data- to Data-, and from SGND
to SGND.
4-wire RS-485
When using the 4-wire RS-485 wiring
option, connect five wires from the
TCC-100’s terminal block to the
opposite connection. As shown in the
figure, connect from Tx+(B) to Rx+,
from Tx-(A) to Rx-, from Rx+(B) to
Tx+, from Rx-(A) to Tx-, and from
SGND to SGND.
11
RS-422
When using the RS-422 wiring option,
first follow the 4-wire RS-485 wiring
instructions given above.
Optional RTS/CTS Handshaking
Signals
If your software is set up to send and
receive RTS/CTS signals over separate
wires, you should also connect from
RTS+(B) to CTS+, from RTS-(A) to
CTS-, from CTS+(B) to RTS+, and
from CTS-(A) to RTS-.
STEP 4: Attach the RS-232 connector
Depending on your
application, use the
appropriate serial cable to
connect from the TCC-100
product’s RS-232 female
DB9 port to your RS-232
device, or to your
computer’s COM port.
Female DB9
PIN
RS-232
1
2
TxD
3
RxD
4
5
GND
6
7
CTS
8
RTS
9
RS-232 Pin Assignment Diagram
STEP 5: Test the connection
After configuring the DIP switches, connecting the power, wiring the
terminal block, and attaching the RS-232 connector, we suggest using a
console terminal program, such as HyperTerminal or Moxa Terminal
Emulator, to test the connection. If you have an RS-422/485 serial board
(such as the Moxa CP-132, a 2-port RS-422/485 board) installed in your
PC, you can connect your PC’s COM port to the TCC-100’s RS-232 port,
and then connect the TCC-100’s RS-422/485 terminal block to one of the
RS-422/485 serial board’s ports. Alternatively, if you have already set up
an RS-422 or RS-485 network, you can also connect the TCC-100’s
RS-422/485 terminal block directly to that network. Next, start
HyperTerminal or Moxa Terminal Emulator, and then open a connection
to both the COM port, and the port associated with the TCC-100’s
RS-422/485 port. Test the connection by typing a few characters on your
PC’s keyboard. The characters you type should show up in the
HyperTerminal window that is currently inactive, indicating that the typed
12
characters were transmitted between the TCC-100’s RS-232 port and
RS-422/485 terminal block connector.
STEP 6: Placement Options
In addition to placing the TCC-100 on a desktop or other horizontal
surface, you may also use the DIN-Rail or wall mount options, as
illustrated below.
DIN-Rail
Wall Mounting
Termination Resistor Diagram
Termination is designed to mitigate
noise from the RS-422/485
transmission signals. If the network
cable is too long, undesirable
transmission-line effects could arise.
The best method for mitigating
energy on an unused conductor is to
dissipate the energy as heat by
terminating both ends of the unused
conductor to ground with resistors (this method is called bi-directional
termination). The resistance of the resistors should be equal to the
characteristic impedance of the line. The most common RS-485 twisted
pair has a characteristic impendence of 100 to 120 ohms. Moxa’s
termination technique is bi-directional termination, which offers excellent
signal integrity. With this technique, the line drivers can be located
anywhere on the network.
13
Function Diagram
Isolation Block Diagram
Typical Applications
RS-485 Application
A typical RS-485 application for the TCC-100 series is shown in the
following figure. In this scenario, two TCC-100 units are used to connect
two PCs to an RS-485 network. The third TCC-100 is used to connect the
PLC, which is designed for the RS-232 interface, to the RS-485 network.
In this way, both PCs are able to interact with the PLC and the LCD
display.
14
RS-422 Application
A typical RS-422 application for the TCC-100 Series is shown in the
following figure. In this scenario, two TCC-100 units are used to create a
point-to-point connection between a PC and a scales. The advantage of
using two TCC-100 units to convert from RS-232, to RS-422, and then
back to RS-232, is that the RS-422 cable connecting the two converters
can be up to 1.2 km in length (this is big improvement compared to the
15-m distance limitation imposed by the RS-232 interface).
15
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