Eurotherm | 2132 | Operating instructions | Eurotherm 2132 Operating instructions

2132 and 2116
PID Temperature Controllers
Installing and Operating Instructions
Thank you for choosing the 2132 or 2116 Temperature Controller.
Supplied in 1/32 and 1/16 DIN panel sizes they are designed for
accurate, stable control of ovens, chillers, sterilisers and other
heating and cooling processes. Two outputs are configurable for
heating, cooling and alarms.
The controller is supplied configured according to the order code
given on page 11. Check this on the side labels to determine the
configuration of your particular controller.
DIMENSIONS AND INSTALLATION
To Install the Controller
Model 2132
Please read the safety information on pages 11 & 12 before
proceeding.
1. Prepare the panel cut-out to the size shown
2. Insert the controller through the cut-out.
3. Spring the panel retaining clips into place. Secure the
controller in position by holding it level and pushing both
retaining clips forward.
4. Peel off the protective cover from the display
48mm (1.89in)
This controller meets the European Directives on safety and
EMC.
103mm (4.01in)
mm
22.22
x 45
24mm
(0.95in)
-0.0, +0.3
-0.0, +0.6
Panel cut-out
Latching ears
Inch
0.88 -0.0, +0.10
x 1.77 -0.0, +0.02
Panel retaining clips
Unplugging the Controller
The controller can be unplugged from its sleeve by easing the
latching ears outwards and pulling it forward out of the sleeve.
When plugging it back into its sleeve, ensure that the latching ears
click back into place to maintain the IP65 sealing.
Model 2116
48mm (1.89in)
103mm (4.01in)
Panel cut-out
Recommended minimum
spacing of controllers in
both sizes
45 x 45 mm
-0.0, + 0.6
48mm
(1.89in)
1.77 x 1.77in
-0.00, +0.02
38mm
(1.5 in)
10mm
(0.4 in)
Latching ears
Panel retaining clips
(Not to
scale)
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
Solid
State
Relay
(SSR)
OR
External Relay Module
(Operated by the logic output)
External Relay Module
(Operated by the logic output)
1B
24
1A
Model 2116
Logic
I/O
1B
V-
N
Model 2132
1A
+
AA
N
Solid
State
Relay
(SSR)
20-29 Vac/dc
Neutral
Line
85-264Vac
mA
AB
L
Output 2
Relay
Pt100
AA
OR
V+ AB
T/C
L
24
24
Logic
I/O
1A +
V+
1B -
V-
Line
85-264Vac
Neutral
24
20-29V ac/dc
Low voltage
supply
Output 2
Relay
2.49 Ω
T/C Pt100 mA
Sensor Inputs
Low voltage supply
2.49 Ω
Output ratings
Sensor Inputs
Logic Output: 9Vdc, 12mA (non-isolated from sensor input).
Used for: Heating, Cooling or Alarm.
Wire Sizes
The screw terminals accept wire sizes from 0.5 to 1.5 mm (16 to
22AWG). Hinged covers prevent hands or metal making
accidental contact with live wires. The rear terminal screws
should be tightened to 0.4Nm (3.5lb in).
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
Relay Output: 2A, 264V ac resistive.
Used for: Heating, Cooling or Alarm.
Contact Closure Input (replaces Logic Output).
Used for: Alarm Acknowledge or Timer start/reset
-1-
HA026270
Typical Wiring Diagram
Line
Heater fuse
Relay output fuse
2A type T
Controller fuse
2A type T
Solid State
Relay
(e.g. TE10)
* When switching inductive loads
such as contactors or solenoid valves,
wire the 22nF/100Ω ‘snubber’
supplied across relay terminals AA &
AB. This will prolong contact life and
reduce interference.
WARNING
Snubbers pass 0.6mA at 110V and
1.2mA at 230Vac, which may be
sufficient to hold on high impedance
loads. Do not use in these
installations.
Model 2132
1B
-
1A
+
V-
V+ AB
AA
N
L
Heater
+
Snubber*
Thermocouple
Cooling or
alarm relay
Neutral
OPERATION
TO ADJUST THE REQUIRED TEMPERATURE
(SETPOINT)
Switch on the controller. Following a 3 second self-test sequence,
you will see the display shown below. It is called the HOME
display.
Output 1
Output 2
OP1
OP2
Press and release quickly the
will be displayed for 2 seconds.
Actual Temperature
(or Process Value ‘PV’)
or
button. The setpoint
2 sec
Required temperature
(Setpoint)
OP1 illuminates when the logic output is ON (normally heating).
OP2 illuminates when the relay output is ON (normally cooling or
alarm).
Actual temperature
If OP1 or OP2 are configured as alarm outputs (instead of heating
and cooling), they will flash when a new ‘unacknowledged’ alarm
occurs and go steady when the alarm is acknowledged but still true.
Press and hold
Press and hold
to raise the setpoint
to lower the setpoint
TO ACKNOWLEDGE A NEW ALARM
Press
and
together. This will also reset any latched alarms
that are no longer true.
ALARM MESSAGES
TO VIEW THE DISPLAY UNITS
If an alarm occurs a message will be flashed in the display. This
alternates with the measured temperature as shown below:
Press and release quickly the
or
units will be flashed for 0.5 sec.
Alarm 1 Full Scale Low
Display Units
0.5 sec
Actual temperature
Deg Centigrade
Deg Fahrenheit
Deg Kelvin
All of the possible messages are shown in this table.
Possible messages
button. The display
Linear inputs - no
units displayed
or
Alarm - Full Scale High
Alarm - Full Scale Low
Alarm - Deviation
Alarm - Deviation High
and
If you get lost, pressing
you to the HOME display.
Alarm - Deviation Low
Sensor Break
together will always return
If, at any time, no key is pressed within 45 seconds, the display
will always return to the HOME display.
Loop Break
Load Fail
End of Timing
In place of the dash the alarm number is shown Alarm 1 or 2 or 3.
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
-2-
HA026270
TO VIEW THE OUTPUT POWER
TO ADJUST THE ALARM SETPOINTS (TRIP LEVELS)
Do this if you want to see how much heating or cooling energy is
being demanded by the controller. Note: This is not a measure of
actual power.
Alarm setpoints are found under the list.
Press
twice to choose the list.
HOME display
Pressing
or
displays to indicate that this a list heading
0.5 sec
Press twice quickly
2 secs
2nd
press
1st
press
Controller is
demanding 100%
heating
Press
to view the
or
Press
Warning!
In manual standby mode (see ‘To Use The Timer’) the output power
can be adjusted by the operator, causing heating or cooling to be
permanently applied. To prevent this make the parameter read
only (see ‘To Hide, Reveal And Promote Parameters’)
TO SELECT OR CHANGE OTHER PARAMETERS
Parameters are settings in the controller which you can change to suit
the process. They are found under list headings.
Next list
Press
or
to
change the setpoint.
or
to
Press
change the setpoint.
Alarm 3
Press
or
to
change the setpoint.
Press
and
together to return
to the HOME display.
button to step through the list headings as shown
Press the
below.
Low alarm
High alarm
Alarm 2
Deviation
Deviation High
Deviation Low
If an alarm has been
disabled, it will not
appear in this list.
Press
There are three alarm
setpoints. The first
Alarm 1
character is the alarm
setpoint number, the
next three the alarm
type, as follows:
HOME display
X2
Note: The other parameters listed on pages 4 and 5 are accessed
and adjusted in exactly the same way as this example.
Keep pressing
to select more
list headings, eventually returning
to the HOME display. This is a
continuous loop.
Turn to page 4 to see all of the list headings.
These lists are used to:
• Change alarm setpoints
• Tune the controller to the process
• Manually select PID values
• Change setpoint limits and access the in-built timer
• Change input and output limits
Issue 2,
Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
-3-
HA026270
PARAMETER LISTS
X2
Home
List
Alarm
List
(2)
Autotune
List
PID
List
(1)
(1)
(1)
Setpoint
List
On/Off
List
Output
List
Input
List
(2)
Access
List
!
"
#$
X2
Summary
1.
Press
2.
to step down the parameters
Press
within a particular list. You will eventually
return to the list heading.
to step across the list headings.
3.
to view the value of a selected
Press
parameter. Keep pressing to decrease the
value.
4.
to view the value of a selected
Press
parameter. Keep pressing to increase the
value.
Notes:
1. In place of dashes, the last three letters
depend on the alarm type. See “Adjusting
the alarm setpoints” on page 3.
2. Either the PID list or the On/Off list will be
present depending upon the configuration
of the controller.
Shaded boxes are hidden when shipped from the factory.
To reveal see ‘’To Hide, Reveal and Promote Parameters” on page 6.
Parameter Tables
Home List
Adjustable Range
Output Power demand in %
-100 = max cooling, 100.0 = max heating.
Working Setpoint
Manual/Auto Select
Home Display Options
Default setting
Customer setting
Only appears when setpoint rate limit enabled
Read only
Read only
Automatic control selected
Manual standby selected
Standard - Shows the process value with the
setpoint accessed by pressing the
buttons.
Displays the output power - for use as a manual
station. (Only applies to software version 1.4)
Blank Display (only alarm messages flashed)
Displays the Process Value only
Displays the Alarm 2 Setpoint only
Displays the Process Value with Alarm 2
Setpoint accessed by the
Alarm List (See page 3)
Alarm Hysteresis
and
buttons
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Alarm 1 Setpoint
In place of dashes, the last three
Between low and high
Alarm 2 Setpoint
letters indicate the alarm type:
setpoint limits
Alarm 3 Setpoint
Full Scale Low
Full Scale High
Deviation
Deviation High
Deviation Low
to in display units (This value is common to all
alarms) Hysterisis is used to prevent the alarm output
‘chattering’ by setting a difference between the alarm switch
ON and switch OFF points
Issue 2,
and
Loop Break Time
Nov-98
to
minutes
Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
Customer setting
-4-
HA026270
"
Automatic Tuning List (See page 10)
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Automatic Tune Enable
or or !!
#
%
PID List (See page 10)
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Proportional Band
to display units
to seconds
to seconds
to %
"
"
%&
Low Cutback
Automatic Manual reset calculation (when
P+D control)
Integral Time
Derivative Time
Manual Reset Value
(only present if = )
High Cutback
Relative Cool Gain
to display units
to display units
to Setpoint List (See “To Use the Timer” on
page 6)
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
%%
%
(
Setpoint Low Limit
As per order
Timer Status
to to to display units per minute
to '
to minutes
to minutes
or !!
&)&
&
&
Input List (See “User Calibration” on page 9)
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Input Filter Time Constant
to seconds
Low Calibration Point
Setpoint Rate Limit
Timer Operating Mode
Time Remaining
Dwell Time
Millivolt Input measured at the rear terminals
Read only
&
High Point Calibration Offset
to display units
to & Re-instates factory calibration
*% Re-instates user calibration
to display units
to display units
to display units
to display units
&&
&&&
&
Output List
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Low Output Power Limit
Cooling Output Minimum On Time
to %
to %
to seconds
to seconds
to seconds (Auto = 50ms)
to seconds (Auto = 50ms)
Lgc ' Lgc +
+&
&
On Off Output List
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
Heating Hysteresis
to display units
to display units
to display units
&&
Access List (See “To Hide, Reveal and
Promote” parameters on page 6)
Adjustable Range
Default Setting
"
,
&!
Access Pass Number
to %
Issue 2,
User Calibration Enable
Low Point Calibration Offset
High Calibration Point
High Output Power Limit
Heating Output Cycle Time
Cooling Output Cycle Time
Heating Output Minimum On Time
Cooling Hysteresis
Heat/Cool Deadband
Go To Required Access Level
Configuration Pass Number
Nov-98.
Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
to -5-
Customer setting
$
Read only
Calibration Password
Customer setting
As per order
Cold Junction Temperature measured at rear terminals
Process value Offset
Customer setting
$
$
Setpoint High Limit
Customer setting
Customer setting
Rly
Rly
Customer setting
Customer setting
HA026270
TO HIDE, REVEAL AND PROMOTE PARAMETERS
Press
TO USE THE TIMER
•
•
•
until the Access List Heading is reached.
Press
Press
Press
or
to enter the password. The
factory default is 1. ‘
’ will be displayed
when the correct password has been entered.
- Mode 1, Dwell and Switch Off
Temperature
Setpoint
Press
or
to select ‘’ level.
Other options are:
% Operator level - shows selected
parameters
Reveals the ‘FULL’ set of parameters
& Gives access to configuration level.
You are now in Edit level.
Press
and
to select a parameter in
the normal way.
High alarm 2 has been selected.
When
or
is pressed, instead of
displaying the parameter value, its
availability to in Operator level is shown as
follows:
The parameter will be alterable
The parameter will be hidden.
The parameter will be read-only
The parmeter will be ‘promoted’
into the HOME list (see below).
During Running
The controller will always switch to automatic control. Heating
(or cooling) will be applied and the temperature will rise (or cool)
o
to the setpoint. When the temperature is within 1 C of setpoint,
the timer will start counting down.
During End
When the timer times out, the controller will switch to standby
mode. The MAN beacon will light and will be flashed in
the main display. The process will cool down. The timer will
remain indefinitely in this state until reset.
Time Remaining has been selected.
or
Press
to choose .
When Reset
will stop flashing. The controller will return to reset in
standby mode. It can be returned to automatic control by setting
the parameter in the HOME list to .
Returning to Operator level
Repeat the above procedure for all the parameters you wish to hide,
promote, or make read-only then return to operator level:
Setpoint
Indefinite dwell at
setpoint
Waiting to
reach
temperature
to select -%
or
4. Press
to return to Operator level
Mode 2, Dwell No Switch Off
Temperature
until you reach the 1. Press
list heading
2. Press
until you reach 3. Press
From the HOME display press
until
the parameter is displayed.
or
to select:
Press
Automatic control
Standby mode. (the MAN beacon
below OP2 will illuminate)
‘Automatic control’ means control at setpoint, with heating (and
cooling) being applied.
‘Standby mode’ means: the controller is in manual with zero
output power. See ‘Warning!’ on Page 3.
The parameter will now appear in the HOME list. Repeat the
procedure for any other parameters you wish to promote.
To remove a parameter go to level, select the parameter from
the relevant list and change the choice from back to ,
or .
End
and
together to
Press
return to the HOME display
Example:
Timing
Running
In reset
In reset, you can switch between automatic control and standby
mode, using the parameter in the HOME list.
The controller is supplied with the parameter hidden. You
must first reveal it. See ‘To Hide, Reveal and Promote
Parameters’.
The (Promote) option
Up to twelve commonly used parameters can be ‘promoted’ into the
HOME list. This will give the operator quick access to them by
simply pressing the
button. This feature, used in combination
with ‘hide’ and ‘ read only’, allows you to organise the way in which
you want your controller formatted.
flashes
Reset
Example:
Standby mode
Waiting to
reach
temperature
Press to return to the Access list header.
Press
until you reach the list
Press
until you reach the parameter
or
Press
to select the timer operating mode, to as follows:
Reset
flashes
Timing
Running
End
This is the same as mode 1 except that at the end of the timing
period the controller will continue indefinitely in automatic
control.
Issue 2,
Nov-98
Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
-6-
HA026270
..........Timer Operating Modes continued
TO START AND RESET THE TIMER
There are two methods:
- Mode 3, Time from Cold and Switch Off
Method 1.
This is the simplest method to control the timer.
Temperature
Setpoint
Standby mode
•
•
flashes
Reset
End
Timing
Press
or
to enter the
required timing period in minutes.
(0 to 9999).
This is the same as mode 1 except that the timer will start counting
down immediately without waiting for the temperature to reach
setpoint.
Press
until you reach the list
Press
until you reach the parameter (time
remaining).
Press
to return to the HOME display
TIP: Promote to the HOME list for quick access, as
described in ‘To Hide, Revealing and Promote Parameters.
Mode 4, Time from Cold No Switch Off
Temperature
As soon as a value is entered into timing will commence.
will count down towards zero. During the timing period can be increased or decreased according to the demands of the
process. Setting the value to zero will end the timing period.
Setpoint
Indefinite dwell at
setpoint
flashes
Reset
Timing
When reaches zero. ‘’ will flash in the main display.
The timer will remain indefinitely in this state until a new value is
entered, when the timer will restart.
To reset the timer, press
and
together. ‘’ will stop
flashing .
To restart the timer, enter a new value into End
This is the same as mode 2 except that the timer will start counting
down without waiting for the controller to reach setpoint.
Mode 5, Delayed Switch On
Method 2.
Use this method if you want to set a fixed time and use the parameter to start and stop the timer.
Temperature
Setpoint
Indefinite dwell at
setpoint
Press
heading.
to reach the List
Press until you reach Reset
Timing
Reset
This mode applies a time delay before turning on the heating (or
cooling). When the timer is started, the controller will always
switch to standby mode and start counting down. When the timer
has timed out, the controller will switch into automatic control,
apply heating (or cooling) and control indefinitely at the setpoint.
To Program a Ramp-Dwell profile
A simple ramp-dwell profile can be programmed using (setpoint rate limit) in combination with the timer. To use this
feature, first reveal and (the working setpoint) using
the method described in “To Hide, Reveal and Promote”
parameters. will then appear in the HOME list.
Set to the required ramp rate It is adjustable in 1/10th of
the least significant display units per minute. That is if the display
is configured 0 to 1000oC, setpoint rate limit can be adjusted
between 0.1 and 999.9 oC per minute.
Press
Press
or
to enter a
timing period in minutes
(0-9999).
Timer Status
or
To start the timer, press
to select .
The dwell time will be loaded into
and timing will commence.
To reset the timer, select .
The time remaining will be set
to .
together to return to the HOME display.
The parameter can also be switched between and
by configuring the logic I/O as a Off/run contact closure
input.
Open the external contact to select . This is an edge triggered
action. Close the contact to select . is forced whenever
the contact is closed.
When setpoint rate limit has been enabled and the timer is started,
the working setpoint, , will first step to the measured
temperature and then ramp at the setpoint rate limit, , to the
target setpoint.
In modes 1 and 2 timing will start when the measured temperature
is within 1oC of the target setpoint. In modes 3 and 4 it will start
o
when is within 1 C of the target setpoint.
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
and
Dwell time
-7-
HA026270
Input Configuration
CONFIGURING THE CONTROLLER
Select configuration level to change: •The type of control •The
display units •The input sensor type• The scaling of linear inputs
•The alarm configuration • The passwords.
Sensor Input
Options
Meaning
Input type
!
#$
$
J thermocouple
To select configuration level
Press
to reach the Access List Heading.
Press
Press
or
Press
to enter the password.
The factory default is 1. will be
displayed when the correct password
has been entered.
Press
or
to select "
Cold junction
compensation
(only appears
Press
for TC inputs)
or
Press
to enter the
configuration level password. The
factory default is 2. will be
displayed when the correct password
%
%
!&
to step across the configuration list headings.
mV input low
mV input high
Displayed value
low
!
Displayed value
high
%
Sensor break
input impedance
.
Having selected a list heading, press
within a particular list. Press
and
to select a parameter
to change the setting.
Options
Description
Display units
Centigrade
Control type
Control action
Manual reset
tracking (PD
control)
B thermocouple
N thermocouple
T thermocouple
S thermocouple
Platinell II
100Ω Pt thermometer
Linear mV
Custom input(C=default)
Automatic
0°C external reference
45°C external reference
50°C external reference
Displayed value
!
!
%,
%,
mV
Off (Linear inputs only)
1.5KΩ
5KΩ
15KΩ,
The list configures the three internal ‘soft’ alarms and causes
the appropriate alarm message to be flashed in the HOME display.
Instrument
Configuration
Decimal places
in display
R thermocouple
Alarm Configuration
Instrument Configuration
L thermocouple
Linear input scaling (Range -12 to +80mV)
Press to enter configuration level.
Press
K thermocouple
At this stage the alarm is indication only (known as a ‘soft alarm’).
To make the alarms operate the relay or logic outputs, follow the
instructions under “Relay and Logic input/output Configuration.
Fahrenheit
Kelvin
'
None
Alarm
Type
Meaning
Alarm 1
(
(
*
The alarm is disabled
Latched with manual*
resetting.
None
One
Two
PID Control
On/off Control
)
Converts the controller
to an alarm unit
Alarm latching
Reverse (normal action
for temperature control)
Direct (output
decreases as PV falls
below SP)
In Auto holds manual
reset value
The above sequence is repeated for:
In Auto tracks output for
bumpless A/M transfer
Alarm blocking
*
(Alarm 2) and + (Alarm 3)
, Alarm setpoint limits
Full Scale Low alarm
Full Scale High alarm
Deviation band alarm
Deviation high alarm
Deviation low alarm
Non-latching
Latched with automatic*
resetting.
No blocking
Blocked until first good
Limited by display range
Limited by setpoint limits
*Automatic resetting means that, once the alarm has been
acknowledged, it will automatically clear when it is no longer true.
*Manual resetting means that the alarm must first clear before it
can be reset.
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
-8-
HA026270
Relay and Logic input/output Configuration
To Clear Alarms from an Output
until to reach 1. Press
2. Press
or
to select !
3. Leave for 2 seconds. The display returns to which
disconnects all alarms from the relay.
Note: The logic I/O can be configured as an output or a contact
closure input for alarm acknowledge, keylock, or timer run/reset.
Relay output
Identity of output
Function
These functions
are only appear
for the logic I/O
.
Digital output
functions
See below: “ To
Operate the relay
or logic output
from an alarm or
digital function”
(See note 2)
(See note 2)
Options
Meaning
.
.
'
(
)
'
+
.'
.
.+
.#
Relay
Logic I/O
Sense of the
output
Passwords
Logic
Digital (alarm) output
Heating output
Cooling output
Passwords
Range
Default
Full and Edit level password
/0000
/0000
/0000
Configuration level password
User calibration password
PDSIO mode 1
To leave Configuration level
Alarm Acknowledge
Keylock digital input
Run/reset timer
No change
Clear all alarms
Alarm 1 (See note 1)
In addition to the normal process alarms, the following diagnostics
alarm messages are provided.
Alarm 3 (See note 1)
*
*
Sensor break alarm
*
Loop break alarm
*
Load fail alarm
*
Man mode active
*
End of timing
*
Timer running
*
Timer counting down
*
Timer running
*
Timer counting down
Message
Normal (heating or
cooling outputs)
%
Inverted (for alarms
de-energises in alarm)
* These alarms are always non-latching. Process alarms 1, 2 and 3
are configurable as alarm latching or non-latching, see the ‘’ List
Meaning and (Action)
Electrically Erasable Memory Error:
A parameter value has been corrupted.
Contact Eurotherm Controls.
1
'
+
#
Hardware error:
$
23
Note 1: The last three letters will correspond to the alarm type
configured in the list. If the alarm is disabled, or or will be shown.
Note 2: and are special functions. If selected, they
illuminate the logic or relay output beacons, OP1 and OP2, without
operating the actual output. They are used to indicate that timing is
in progress while leaving the actual outputs to be operated by the
other digital functions such as the END condition which can be
used to operate an external klaxen.
( Return for repair)
Low display range exceeded: (Check input signal)
High display range exceeded: (Check input signal)
Error 1: ROM self-test fail.
(Return for repair)
Error 2: RAM self-test fail.
(Return for repair)
Error 3: Watchdog fail.
(Return for repair)
Error 4: Keyboard failure. Stuck button, or a button
was pressed during power up.
Error 5: Input circuit failure.
(Return for repair)
Power failure. The line voltage is too low.
Tune Error. Appears if auto-tuning exceeds 2 hours.
USER CALIBRATION
Your controller has been calibrated for life against known
reference sources. User calibration allows you to apply offsets to
compensate for sensor and other system errors. The parameter
in the list applies a fixed offset over the whole display
range. You may also apply a 2-point calibration as follows:
until you reach the list
•
Press
•
Press
until you reach the ! parameter
or
to enter the password. The factory default is
•
Press
3. will be displayed when the correct has been entered.
to reach the ! parameter
•
Press
or
, to select "
( will restore the
•
Press
factory calibration)
to select in turn the four parameters shown in the
•
Press
or
to set the desired calibration
graph below. Use
points and the offsets to be applied at each point. The list
on page 5 describes each of the parameters.
To Operate the Relay or Logic output from an alarm or
digital function.
until you reach 1. Press
2. Press
or
to select = 3. Press
to reach 4. Press
or
to select a alarm or digital function
5. Leave for 2 seconds. The display returns to and
connects the selected alarm or digital function to the relay or
logic output.
6. Press
or
again. Two decimal points will appear in the
function that has been added to the output.
Displayed Value
Multiple Alarms on one Output
Any number of alarms or digital functions can be added to the
relay or logic output by repeating steps 4, 5 and 6 above. Two
decimal points will appear in those functions that has been added
to the output.
........Continued in the next column
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
or
Diagnostic Alarms
Alarm 2 (See note 1)
New alarm
to reach the ‘#’ display
to select ‘*’ After 2
secs the display will blink and return to
the HOME display in Operator level.
Press
Press
User calibration
Factory calibration
-9-
Factory
calibration
HA026270
AUTOMATIC TUNING
Typical automatic tuning cycle
In PID control, the output from the controller is the sum of three
terms: Proportional, Integral and Derivative. These three terms
deliver just the right amount of power to hold the temperature at
setpoint without oscillation. For stable control, the PID values
must be ‘tuned’ to the characteristics of the process being
controlled. In the 2132 and 2116 this is done automatically using
advanced tuning techniques.
Automatic tuning is performed by switching the output of the
controller On and Off to induce an oscillation in the measured
temperature. From the amplitude and period of the oscillation, the
PID values, shown in the table below, are calculated.
Parameter
Display
Meaning or Function
Proportional
band
The bandwidth in ° or ° over which the output
power is proportioned between minimum and
maximum.
Integral time
Determines the time taken by the controller to
remove steady-state error signals.
Derivative
time
Determines how strongly the controller will react
to the rate-of-change of temperature.
Low cutback
The number of ° or ° below setpoint at which
the controller will cutback the output power to
prevent overshoot on heat up.
High
Cutback
The number of ° or ° above setpoint at which
the controller will increase the output power to
prevent undershoot on cool down.
Relative
cool gain
Only present if cooling has been configured.
Sets the cooling proportional band by dividing the
Pb value by the value.
Temperature
Time
Calculation of the cutback values
When low cutback or high cutback is set to ‘(’ their values
will be fixed at three times the proportional band, and will not be
altered during automatic tuning. If set to any other value, they will
be calculated as part of the tuning process.
MANUAL TUNING
If for any reason automatic tuning gives unsatisfactory results, you
can manually tune the controller.
Proceed as follows:
With the process at its normal running temperature:
1. Set the Integral Time ‘’and Derivative Time ‘’ to .
2. Set High Cutback ‘%)’ and Low Cutback ‘)’, to ‘’
3. Ignore the fact that the temperature may not settle precisely at
the setpoint
4. Reduce the proportional band ‘)’ until the temperature just
starts to oscillate. If the temperature is already oscillating,
increase the proportional band until it just stops oscillating.
Allow enough time between each adjustment for the
temperature to stabilise. Make a note of the proportional band
value ‘B’ and the period of oscillation ‘T’.
5. Set the PID parameter values according to the formula below:
If the process cannot tolerate 100% heating or cooling during
tuning, the power can be restricted by the heating and cooling
limits in the Output list. However, the measured value must
oscillate to some degree for the tuner to determine values.
Tuning is normally performed only once during the initial
commissioning of the process. However, if the process under
control subsequently becomes unstable (because its characteristics
have changed), you can re-tune again at any time.
It is best to tune starting with the process at ambient temperature.
This allows the tuner to calculate more accurately.
Type of control
Proportional
band ‘’
Integral time
‘’
Derivative time
‘’
OFF
Proportional only
2xB
OFF
P+I
2.2xB
0.8xT
OFF
P+I+D
1.7xB
0.5xT
0.12xT
Setting the cutback values
The above procedure sets up the parameters for optimum steady
state control. If unacceptable levels of overshoot or undershoot
occur during start-up or for large step changes in temperature, then
manually set the cutback parameters ) and %).
Proceed as follows:
1. Set the low and high cutback settings to 3 x the proportional
band (that is to say, ) = %) = 3 x *).
2. Note the level of overshoot or undershoot that occurs for large
temperature changes (see the diagrams below).
In example (a) increase ) by the overshoot value. In example
(b) reduce ) by the undershoot value.
Heating and Cooling Output Cycle Times
Before commencing a tuning cycle, set the values of !$!%
(heating output cycle time) and !$!! (cooling output cycle time)
in the (output) list.
For a logic heating output (switching a SSR), set !$!% to & sec.
For a relay output, set !$!% to && sec.
For a logic cooling output used to control a solenoid valve, set
!$!! to & sec.
Tuning procedure
1. Set the setpoint to the value at which you will normally operate
the process.
2. In the ‘’ list, select ‘'’ and set it to ‘’
3. Press the Page and Scroll buttons together to return to the
HOME display. The display will flash ‘'’ to indicate that
tuning is in progress.
4. The controller will induce an oscillation in the temperature by
turning the heating on and then off.
5. After two cycles of oscillation the tuning will be completed
and the tuner will switch itself off.
6. The controller will then calculate the tuning parameters and
resume normal control action.
If you want ‘Proportional only’ or ‘P+D’ or ‘P+I’ control, you
should set the ‘’ or ‘’ parameters to before
commencing the tuning cycle. The tuner will leave them off and
will not calculate a value for them.
Issue 2, Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
Temperature
Temperature
Overshoot
Undershoot
Time
Time
Example (a)
Example (b)
When the temperature approaches the setpoint from above, you can
set %) in a similar manner.
Manual reset
When = manual reset (
') appears in the + This parameter sets the output power when the error signal is zero.
It can be manually adjusted to remove steady state error - the
function normally performed by the Integral term.
-10-
HA026270
ORDERING CODE
The controller is supplied configured according to the ordering code shown below.
Model
number
Function
Supply
voltage
Manual
Output 1
(Logic)
Output 2
(Relay)
Sensor
input
Setpoint
min
Setpoint
max
Units
External
relay
module
Input
adaptor
2132
2116
Function
PID controller
On/Off controller
PID controller + timer
On/Off controller + timer
CC
NF
TC
TN
VH
VL
Sensor input
Supply voltage
85-264Vac
20 -29V dc or ac
XXX
ENG
FRA
GER
NED
SPA
SWE
DEN
ITA
Manual
None
English
French
German
Dutch
Spanish
Swedish
Danish
Italian
Output 1: Logic
XX
Disabled
Logic output
LH
Heating
LC
Cooling
M1
PDSIO mode 1
FH
High alarm 1
FL
Low alarm 1
DB
Dev band alarm 1
DL
Dev. low alarm 1
DH
Dev. high alarm 1
NW
New alarm
Logic input
AC
Alarm ack/reset
KL
Keylock
TM
Timer Run/Reset
Output 2: Relay
Disabled
Heating
Cooling
High alarm 2
Low alarm 2
High alarm 2 & low
alarm 3
DB
Dev band alarm 2
DL
Dev. low alarm 2
DH
Dev. high alarm 2
NW
New alarm
XX
RH
RC
FH
FL
AL
Display range and
Setpoint min & max limits
°C
°F
-210 to 1200
-340 to 2192
-200 to 1372
-325 to 2500
-200 to 400
-325 to 750
-200 to 900
-325 to 1650
-200 to 1300
-325 to 2370
-50 to 1768
58 to 3200
-50 to 1768
-58 to 3200
0 to 1820
32 to 3308
0 to 1369
32 to 2496
Thermocouples
J
Type J
K Type K
T Type T
L Type L
N Type N
R Type R
S Type S
B Type B
P Platinell II
Resistance thermometer
Z Pt100
-200 to 850
Custom downloaded inputs
C Type C -W5%Re/W26%Re
0 to 2319
(default custom sensor)
D Type D - W3%Re/W25%Re
0 to 2399
E E thermocouple
-200 to 999
1 Ni/Ni18%Mo
0 to 1399
2 Pt20%Rh/Pt40%Rh
0 to 1870
3 W/W26%Re (Engelhard)
0 to 2000
4 W/W26%Re (Hoskins)
0 to 2010
5 W5%Re/W26%Re (Engelhard)
10 to 2300
6 W5%Re/W26%Re(Bucose)
0 to 2000
7 Pt10%Rh/Pt40%/Rh
200 to 1800
8 Exegen K80 I.R. Pyrometer
-45 to 650
Process inputs (linear)
M -9.99 to +80mV
Scaleable
Y 0 to 20mA
Scaleable
A 4 to 20mA
Scaleable
V 0 to 10Vdc (input adapter required)
Scaleable
C
F
K
X
External relay module
XX
Not fitted
R7
Fitted (Operated
by the logic
output)
-325 to1562
32 to 4200
32 to 4350
-325 to 1830
32 to 2550
32 to 3398
32 to 3632
32 to 3650
50 to 4172
32 to 3632
392 to 3272
-49 to 1202
Units
°C
°F
Kelvin
Linear input
XX
V1
A1
Input Adaptor
None
0-10Vdc
0-20mA sense
resistor (2.49Ω.
0.1%)
-999 to 9999
-999 to 9999
-999 to 9999
-999 to 9999
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
Panel sealing
Operating ambients
Storage temperature
Atmosphere
Power supply
Relay rating (isolated)
Wire sizes
Over current protection
Logic output/input rating
Electrical safety
Isolation:
Cold Junction
Compensation
IP65 (EN 60529), or 4X (NEMA 250)
o
0 to 55 C. Ensure that the enclosure is adequately ventilated. 5 to 95%RH, non condensing
o
o
-30 C to +75 C. (Protect from humidity and dust)
Not suitable for use above 2000m or in explosive or corrosive atmospheres
High voltage unit: 100 to 240Vac -15%, +10%, 48-62Hz, 5Watts maximum consumption
Low voltage unit: 24Vdc/ac +/- 20%. DC to 62Hz, 5Watts maximum consumption
Maximum: 264Vac, 2A resistive. Minimum: 12Vdc, 100mA
7
6
Mechanical life > 10 operations. Electrical life at 1A, 240vac resistive load > 5 x10 operations
2
Use a minimum of 0.5mm or 16awg wire for plant connections.
Use independent 2A fuses for the indicator supply and relay output. Suitable fuses are EN60127 (type T)
9V at 12mA, non-isolated from sensor input
Meets EN 61010 (Voltage transients on the power supply must not exceed 2.5kV). Pollution degree 2.
All isolated inputs and outputs have reinforced insulation to protect against electric shock. (See live sensor note)
TM
>30 to 1 rejection of ambient temperature changes in automatic mode. Uses INSTANT ACCURACY cold
junction sensing technology to eliminate warm up drift and to respond quickly to ambient temperature changes.
SAFETY AND EMC INFORMATION
Safety
This controller complies with the European Low Voltage Directive
73/23/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC, by the application of the safety
standard EN 61010.
Electromagnetic compatibility
It conforms with the essential protection requirements of the EMC
Directive 89/336/EEC, amended by 93/68/EEC, by the application of a
Technical Construction File. It satisfies the general requirements of the
industrial environment defined in EN 50081-2 and EN 50082-2.
Issue 2,
Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
GENERAL
The information contained in these instructions is subject to change
without notice. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy
of the information, Eurotherm Controls shall not be held liable for errors
contained herein.
Unpacking and storage
The packaging should contain the controller with two panel retaining clips
and this instruction leaflet.
If the packaging or the controller are damaged, do not install the product
but contact your nearest Eurotherm Controls agent.
-11-
HA026270
SERVICE AND REPAIR
Power Isolation
This controller has no user serviceable parts. Contact your nearest
Eurotherm Controls agent for repair.
Include a power isolating switch or circuit breaker which disconnects all
current carrying conductors. The device should be mounted in close
proximity to the controller, within easy reach of the operator and marked
as the disconnecting device for the controller.
Caution: Charged capacitors
Before removing the controller from its sleeve, switch off the supply and
wait two minutes to allow capacitors to discharge. Failure to observe this
precaution may damage the indicator or cause some discomfort to the user.
Electrostatic discharge precautions
When the controller is removed from its sleeve, it is vulnerable to damage
by electrostatic discharge from someone handling the controller. To avoid
this, before handling the unplugged controller discharge yourself to
ground.
Cleaning
Do not use water or water based products to clean labels or they will
become illegible. Isopropyl alcohol may be used to clean labels. A mild
soap solution may be used to clean other exterior surfaces of the product.
Safety Symbols
The following safety symbols are used on the controller:
!
Caution. Refer to the
accompanying documents
Personnel
Installation must be carried out by qualified personnel.
Enclosure of live parts
The controller must be installed in an enclosure to prevent hands or metal
tools touching parts that may be electrically live.
Caution: Live sensors
The logic input/output is electrically connected to the sensor input (e.g.
thermocouple). In some installations the temperature sensor may become
live. The controller is designed to operate under these conditions, but you
must ensure that this will not damage other equipment connected to the
logic input/output and that service personnel do not touch this connection
while it is live. With a live sensor, all cables, connectors and switches for
connecting the sensor and non-isolated inputs and outputs must be mains
rated.
Wiring
Wire the controller in accordance with the wiring data given in
these instructions. Take particular care not to connect AC
supplies to the low voltage sensor input or logic outputs. Only
use copper conductors for connections, (except thermocouple).
Ensure that the installation complies with local wiring
regulations. In the USA use NEC Class 1 wiring methods.
Voltage rating
The maximum continuous voltage applied between any connection and
ground must not exceed 264Vac. For the above reason the controller
should not be wired to a three phase supply with an non-grounded star
connection. Under fault conditions such a supply could rise above 264Vac
with respect to ground and the product would not be safe.
Over-temperature protection
When designing any control system it is essential to consider what will
happen if any part of the system should fail. In temperature control
applications the primary danger is that the heating will remain constantly
on. This could damage the product, the machinery being controlled, or
even cause a fire.
Reasons why the heating might remain constantly on include:
• the temperature sensor becoming detached from the process
• thermocouple wiring becoming short circuit;
• the controller failing with its heating output constantly on
• an external valve or contactor sticking in the heating condition
Where damage or injury is possible, we recommend fitting a separate overtemperature protection unit, with an independent temperature sensor,
which will isolate the heating circuit.
Please note that the alarm relays within the controller will not give
protection under all failure conditions.
Conductive pollution
Electrically conductive pollution must be excluded from the cabinet in
which the indicator is mounted. For example, carbon
dust is a form of electrically conductive pollution. Where condensation is
likely, for example at low temperatures, include a thermostatically
controlled heater in the cabinet.
Installation requirements for EMC
• For general guidance refer to Eurotherm Controls EMC Installation
Guide, HA025464.
• It may be necessary to fit a filter across the relay output to suppress
conducted emissions. The filter requirements will depend on the type
of load. For typical applications we recommend Schaffner FN321 or
FN612.
Routing of wires
To minimise the pick-up of electrical noise, the sensor input wiring should
be routed away from high-current power cables. Where it is impractical to
do this, use shielded cables with the shield grounded at both ends.
INTERNATIONAL SALES AND SERVICE
EUROTHERM CONTROLS LTD
Faraday Close, Durrington,
Worthing, West Sussex BN13 3PL
Telephone Sales: (01903) 695888
Technical: (01903) 695777
Service: (01903) 695444
Fax (01903) 695666
Countries not listed enquiries/orders
Eurotherm Controls Ltd
Export Dept,. Faraday Close,
Durrington,
Worthing, West Sussex, BN13 3PL
Telephone (01903) 268500
Fax (01903) 265982
AUSTRALIA Eurotherm Pty. Ltd.
Telephone Sydney (+61 2) 9477
7022
Fax (+61 2) 477 7756
AUSTRIA
Eurotherm GmbH
Telephone Vienna (+43 1) 798 7601
Fax (+43 1) 798 7605
Telex 047 1132000 EIAUT A
DENMARK
Eurotherm A/S
Telephone Copenhagen (+45 31)
871622
Fax (+45 31) 872124
IRELAND
Eurotherm Ireland Limited
Telephone Naas (+353 45) 879937
Fax (+353 45) 875123
FRANCE
Eurotherm Automation SA
Telephone Lyon (+33 478) 664500
Fax (+33 478) 352490
ITALY
Eurotherm SpA
Telephone Como (+39 31) 975111
Fax (+39 31) 977512
Telex 380893 EUROTH I
GERMANY
Eurotherm Regler GmbH
Telephone Limburg (+49 6431) 2980
Fax (+49 6431) 298119
Also regional offices
JAPAN Eurotherm Japan Limited
Telephone Tokyo (+81 3) 33702951
Fax (+81 3) 33702960
HONG KONG Eurotherm Limited
Tel. Hong Kong (+852) 2873 3826
Fax (+852) 2870 0148
Telex 0802 69257 EIFEL HX
INDIA Eurotherm India Limited
Telephone Chennai (+9144)
4961129
Fax (+9144) 4961831
BELGIUM Eurotherm B.V.
Telephone Antwerp (+32 3) 322
3870
Fax (+32 3) 321 7363
Issue 2,
Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
KOREA Eurotherm Korea Limited
Telephone Seoul (+82 2) 5438507
Fax (+82 2) 545 9758
Telex EIKOR K23105
NETHERLANDS Eurotherm B.V.
Telephone Alphen a/d Ryn (+31
172) 411752
Fax (+31 172) 417260
NEW ZEALAND
Eurotherm Limited
Telephone Auckland (+64 9)
2635900
Fax: (+64 9) 2635901
-12-
NORWAY
Eurotherm A/S
Telephone Oslo (+47 66) 803330
Fax (+47 66) 803331
SPAIN Eurotherm España SA
Telephone (+34 91) 6616001
Fax (+34 91) 6619093
SWEDEN Eurotherm AB
Telephone Malmo (+46 40) 384500
Fax (+46 40) 384545
SWITZERLAND
Eurotherm Produkte (Schweiz) AG
Telephone Zurich (+41 55) 4154400
Fax (+41 55) 4154415
UNITED KINGDOM
Eurotherm Controls Limited
Telephone Worthing(+44 1903)
269888
Fax (+44 1903) 269666
U.S.A Eurotherm Controls Inc.
Telephone Reston (+1 703) 787
3405
Fax (+1 703) 787 3436
HA026270
Issue 2,
Nov-98. Applies to software versions 1.3 & 1.4
-13-
HA026270
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising