AOpen | Fortress 7000 | User`s guide | AOpen Fortress 7000 User`s guide

AOpen Fortress 7000 User`s guide
Hardware
Installation
BIOS Setup
Utility
SCSISelect™
Utility
1
Glossary &
Technical support
A Open
Housing
Instruction
Online Manual
Fortress 7100
DOC. NO. : DX34PU-OL-E0110B
Fortress 7100
Online Manual
Copyright© 2001 AOpen Incorporated
All Rights Reserved.
AOpen Fortress 7100
User’s Guide
Changes may be made periodically to the information in this publication without obligation to notify
any person of such revision or changes. Such changes will be incorporated in new editions of this
manual or supplementary documents and publications. This company makes no representations or
warranties either expressed or implied, with respect to the contents hereof and specifically
disclaims the implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.
No part of this publication may be reproduced., stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, or otherwise, without the prior
written permission of Aopen Incorporated.
All brand and product names mentioned in this manual are trademarks and/or registered
trademarks of their respective companies.
A Open
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Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read these instructions carefully. Save these instructions for future reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the product.
3.
Do not use this product near water.
4.
Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The product may fall, causing
serious damage to the product.
5.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are provided for ventilation; to
ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect it from overheating, these openings
must not be blocked or covered. The openings should never block by placing the product on a
bed, sofa, rug, or other similar surface. This product should never be placed near or over a
radiator or heat register, or in a built-in installation unless proper ventilation is provided.
6.
This product should be operated from the type of power indicated on the marking label. If
you are not sure of the type of power available, consult your dealer or local power company.
7.
This product is equipped with a 3-wire grounding-type plug, a plug having a third (grounding)
pin. This plug will only fit into a grounding-type power outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are
unable to insert the plug into the outlet, contact your electrician to replace your obsolete outlet.
Do not defeat the purpose of the grounding-type plug.
8.
Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate this product where persons will
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walk on the cord.
9.
If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the total ampere rating of the
equipment plugged into the extension cord does not exceed the extension cord ampere rating.
Also, make sure that the total rating of all products plugged into the wall outlet does not
exceed 15 amperes.
10. Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet slots as they may touch
dangerous voltage points or short out parts that could result in a fire or electric shock. Never
spill liquid of any kind on the product.
11. Do not attempt to service this product yourself, as opening or removing covers may expose
you to dangerous voltage points or other risks. Refer all servicing to qualified service
personnel.
12. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified service personnel
under the following conditions:
a.
When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed
b.
If liquid has been spilled into the product
c.
If the product has been exposed to rain or water
d.
If the product does not operate normally when the operating instructions are followed.
Adjust only those controls that are covered by the operating instructions since
improper adjustment of other controls may result in damage and will often require
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extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the product to normal condition.
e.
If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged
f.
If the product exhibits a distinct change in performance, indicating a need for service
13. Replace the battery with the same type as the product's battery we recommend. Use of
another battery may present a risk of fire or explosion. Refer battery replacement to a qualified
serviceman.
14. Warning! The battery could explode if not handled properly. Do not recharge, disassemble or
dispose of it in fire. Keep it away from children and dispose of my used battery promptly.
Use only the proper type of power supply cord set (provided in your keyboard/manual
accessories box) for this unit. It should be a detachable type: UL listed/CSA certified, type
SVT/SJT, rated 6A 125V minimum, VDE approved or its equivalent. Maximum length is 15
feet (4.6 meters).
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CD-ROM Safety Warning
DANGER
INVISIBLE RADIATION WHEN OPEN.
AVOID EXPOSURE TO BEAM.
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
APPAREIL A LASER DE CLASSE 1
LASER KLASSE 1
LOUKAN 1 LASERLAITE
PRODUIT LASER
CATEGORIE 1
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Caution on Lithium Batteries
CAUTION:
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type
recommended by the manufacturer. Discard used batteries according to the manufacturer’s
instructions.
FCC Class B Radio Frequency Interference
Statement
Note:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful
interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
1.
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
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2.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
3.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is
connected.
4.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician for help.
Notice 1:
The changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance could
void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
Notice 2:
Shielded interface cables, if any, must be used in order to comply with the emission limits.
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About this Manual
Purpose
This user’s guide aims to give you the information you need to operate the system properly and
tells you how to install internal components.
Manual Structure
This user’s guide consists of four chapters.
Chapter 1 Fortress 7100 Housing (SV320)
This chapter describes the housing and all its major components. It contains instructions for
upgrade options and installation procedures.
Chapter 2 Fortress 7100 Motherboard (DX34Plus-U)
This chapter describes the motherboard and all its major components. It contains the
motherboard layout, jumper settings, cache and memory configurations, and information on
other internal devices.
Chapter 3 BIOS Setup Utility
This chapter gives information about the system BIOS and tells how to configure the
system by changing the settings of the BIOS parameters.
Chapter 4 SCSI Select Configuration Utility
This chapter gives information about the SCSI Select utility and tells how to configure the
SCSI configuration by changed the settings of the SCSI parameters.
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Conventions
The following conventions are used in this manual:
Text entered by user
,
,
, etc….
Represents text input by the user.
Represent the actual keys that you have to
press on the keyboard.
NOTE
Gives bits and pieces of additional
information related to the current topic.
CAUTION
Gives precautionary measures to avoid
possible hardware or software problems.
IMPORTANT
Reminds you to take specific actions
relevant to the accomplishment of
procedures.
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What’s in this manual
Fortress 7100 …….………………………………………………………………………………………….1
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ................................................................................................ 3
CD-ROM SAFETY WARNING .......................................................................................................... 6
CAUTION ON LITHIUM BATTERIES .................................................................................................... 7
FCC CLASS B RADIO FREQUENCY INTERFERENCE STATEMENT ........................................................ 7
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ..................................................................................................................... 9
CONVENTIONS ............................................................................................................................ 10
WHAT’S IN THIS MANUAL ................................................................................................................11
CHAPTER 1 HOUSING INSTRUCTION (SV320) ......................................................................... 24
1.1 INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................................................... 24
1.2 STANDALONE SYSTEM ........................................................................................................... 25
1.3 FEATURES ............................................................................................................................ 26
1.3.1 Front Panel ................................................................................................................... 26
1.3.2 Rear Panel .................................................................................................................... 27
1.3.3 Internal Structure........................................................................................................... 28
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1.4 OPENING THE HOUSING PANELS ............................................................................................. 29
1.4.1 Front Panel ................................................................................................................... 29
1.4.2 Left Panel...................................................................................................................... 30
1.5 INSTALLING DEVICE DRIVES.................................................................................................... 31
1.5.1 3.5-inch Device Drive .................................................................................................... 31
1.5.2 5.25-inch Device Drives ................................................................................................ 33
1.6 INSTALLING HOT-SWAP CAGES ............................................................................................... 35
1.6.1 Installing a HSC5 Hot-Swap Cage................................................................................. 35
1.6.2 Installing and Removing a HSC5 Hard Disk Drive Tray.................................................. 38
1.6.3 HSC5 LVD SCSI Backplane Board................................................................................ 39
1.6.4 HSC5 Jumpers and Connectors .................................................................................... 40
1.7 INSTALLING AND REMOVING A HOT-SWAPPABLE REDUNDANT POWER SUPPLY MODULE ............... 43
1.8 INSTALLING AN EXTERNAL REDUNDANT SYSTEM FAN (OPTIONAL).............................................. 46
1.9 INSTALLING A MOTHERBOARD ................................................................................................. 48
1.10 INSTALLING AN EXPANSION CARD .......................................................................................... 49
CHAPTER 2 HARDWARE INSTALLATION .......................................................................................... 50
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2.1 OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................ 50
2.2 FEATURE HIGHLIGHT.............................................................................................................. 51
CPU....................................................................................................................................... 51
Chipset .................................................................................................................................. 51
Memory.................................................................................................................................. 51
Expansion Slots ..................................................................................................................... 52
SCSI On-board ...................................................................................................................... 52
Ultra DMA 33/66/100 Bus Mater IDE...................................................................................... 53
Intel 82559 LAN controller...................................................................................................... 53
Power Management/Plug and Play ........................................................................................ 54
Hardware Monitoring Management ........................................................................................ 54
Super Multi-I/O....................................................................................................................... 54
2.3 MOTHERBOARD MAP ............................................................................................................. 55
2.4 BLOCK DIAGRAM ................................................................................................................... 56
2.5 CONNECTORS AND JUMPERS .................................................................................................. 57
2.6 HARDWARE ........................................................................................................................... 59
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2.6.1 CPU Installation ............................................................................................................ 60
2.6.2 CPU & Housing Fan Connector..................................................................................... 61
2.6.3 SW1 CPU Frequency Switch (For Intel® engineer sample CPU only) ........................... 62
2.6.4 DIMM Socket ................................................................................................................ 64
2.6.5 ATX Power Connector and AGP Pro Power Connector ................................................. 65
2.6.6 CNX2 Redundant SPS Connector................................................................................. 66
2.6.7 IDE and Floppy Connector ............................................................................................ 67
2.6.8 68-pin Ultra3 SCSI Connector ....................................................................................... 70
2.6.9 CN6 Front Panel Connector .......................................................................................... 71
2.6.10 WKUP1 WOM (Zero Voltage Wake on Modem) .......................................................... 72
2.6.11 CN9 WOL (Wake on LAN) ........................................................................................... 75
2.6.12 CN10 Event & HDD Fail LED Connector ..................................................................... 77
2.6.13 CN16 BP (Backplane) Connector (Works with Hot-Swap Cage-HSC5 or HSC6 Only). 78
2.6.14 CN23 & CN24 SCSI LED Connector (For SCSI/RAID Card Only) ............................... 79
2.6.15 JP3 & JP3X SCSI Channel Terminator Control............................................................ 80
2.6.16 JP4 Buzzer/Speaker Select (Optional) ........................................................................ 81
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2.6.17 PC99 Color Coded Back Panel ................................................................................... 82
2.6.18 Low ESR Capacitor ..................................................................................................... 83
CHAPTER 3 BIOS SETUP UTILITY ............................................................................................. 84
3.1 ENTERING SETUP .................................................................................................................. 85
3.2 SYSTEM INFORMATION ........................................................................................................... 87
3.2.1 Processor...................................................................................................................... 88
3.2.2 Processor Speed........................................................................................................... 88
3.2.3 CPU/SDRAM BUS Frequency....................................................................................... 88
3.2.4 Level 1 Cache ............................................................................................................... 88
3.2.5 Level 2 Cache ............................................................................................................... 89
3.2.6 Diskette Drive A ............................................................................................................ 89
3.2.7 Diskette Drive B ............................................................................................................ 89
3.2.8 IDE Primary Channel Master......................................................................................... 89
3.2.9 IDE Primary Channel Slave........................................................................................... 90
3.2.10 IDE Secondary Channel Master .................................................................................. 90
3.2.11 IDE Secondary Channel Slave .................................................................................... 90
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3.2.12 Total Memory............................................................................................................... 90
3.2.13 Serial Port 1 ................................................................................................................ 91
3.2.14 Serial Port 2 ................................................................................................................ 91
3.2.15 Parallel Port ................................................................................................................ 91
3.2.16 PS/2 Mouse ................................................................................................................ 91
3.3 PRODUCT INFORMATION ......................................................................................................... 92
3.3.1 Product Name ............................................................................................................... 93
3.3.2 System S/N................................................................................................................... 93
3.3.3 Main Board ID ............................................................................................................... 93
3.3.4 Main Board S/N............................................................................................................. 93
3.3.5 System BIOS Version.................................................................................................... 93
3.3.6 SMBIOS Version ........................................................................................................... 94
3.4 DISK DRIVES ......................................................................................................................... 95
3.4.1 Floppy Drives ................................................................................................................ 96
3.4.2 IDE Drives..................................................................................................................... 96
3.5 ONBOARD PERIPHERALS ...................................................................................................... 100
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3.5.1 Serial Ports 1 and 2..................................................................................................... 101
3.5.2 Parallel Port ................................................................................................................ 102
3.5.3 Onboard Device Settings ............................................................................................ 105
3.6 POWER MANAGEMENT ......................................................................................................... 109
3.6.1 Power Management Mode ...........................................................................................110
3.6.2 Power Switch < 4 sec...................................................................................................112
3.6.3 System Wake-up Event................................................................................................112
3.7 BOOT OPTIONS ....................................................................................................................115
3.7.1 Boot Sequence ............................................................................................................116
3.7.2 Fast Boot .....................................................................................................................116
3.7.3 Silent Boot....................................................................................................................117
3.7.4 Num Lock After Boot ....................................................................................................117
3.7.5 Memory Test ................................................................................................................118
3.7.6 Release All Blocked Memory........................................................................................118
3.8 DATE AND TIME ....................................................................................................................119
3.8.1 Date ............................................................................................................................ 120
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3.8.2 Time............................................................................................................................ 120
3.9 SYSTEM SECURITY .............................................................................................................. 121
3.9.1 Supervisor Password .................................................................................................. 122
3.9.2 User Password............................................................................................................ 123
3.9.3 Disk Drive Control ....................................................................................................... 124
3.9.4 Processor Serial Number ............................................................................................ 125
3.10 SYSTEM EVENT LOG .......................................................................................................... 126
3.10.1 System Event Logging .............................................................................................. 127
3.10.2 Events Control........................................................................................................... 128
3.10.3 Event Process........................................................................................................... 130
3.11 LOAD DEFAULT SETTINGS ................................................................................................... 131
3.12 ABORT SETTINGS CHANGE ................................................................................................. 132
CHAPTER 4 SCSISELECT™ UTILITY....................................................................................... 133
Settings for the SCSI Controller and All Devices .................................................................. 133
Individual Settings for SCSI Drives....................................................................................... 134
When to Use the SCSISelect™ Utility .................................................................................. 135
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4.1 RUNNING THE SCSISELECT™ UTILITY.................................................................................. 136
4.2 UTILITY OPTIONS ................................................................................................................. 137
4.2.1 Configuring Channel A ................................................................................................ 138
4.3 CONFIGURE/VIEW HOST ADAPTER SETTINGS MENU ............................................................... 140
4.3.1 Host Adapter SCSI ID ................................................................................................. 141
4.3.2 SCSI Parity Checking.................................................................................................. 143
4.3.3 Boot Device Options ................................................................................................... 145
4.3.4 Boot Channel Options ................................................................................................. 146
4.3.5 Boot SCSI ID Options.................................................................................................. 148
4.3.6 Boot LUN Number Options.......................................................................................... 149
4.3.7 Boot LUN Number....................................................................................................... 150
4.4 ADVANCED CONFIGURATION OPTIONS ................................................................................... 155
4.4.1 Host Adapter BIOS...................................................................................................... 156
4.4.2 Display <Ctrl-A> Message During BIOS Initialization................................................... 156
4.4.3 Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 GByte ................................................ 156
4.4.4 Support Removable Disks Under BIOS as Fixed Disks ............................................... 157
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4.4.5 BIOS Support for Bootable CD-ROM........................................................................... 158
4.4.6 BIOS Support for Int13 Extensions.............................................................................. 159
4.5 SCSI DISK UTILITIES ........................................................................................................... 160
4.5.1 Format Disk................................................................................................................. 162
4.5.2 Verify Media ................................................................................................................ 163
4.6 DISK DRIVES OVER 1 GBYTE ............................................................................................... 164
4.6.1 Extended Translation................................................................................................... 164
4.6.2 DOS 1 GByte Limit...................................................................................................... 164
4.7 WHEN TO USE THE EXTENDED TRANSLATION ......................................................................... 166
4.7.1 with DOS 5.0 and above ............................................................................................. 166
4.7.2 drives with mixed partitions ......................................................................................... 166
4.7.3 Using FDISK ............................................................................................................... 166
GLOSSARY................................................................................................................................ 167
AC97 ....................................................................................................................................... 167
ACPI (ADVANCED CONFIGURATION & POWER INTERFACE)........................................................... 167
AGP (ACCELERATED GRAPHIC PORT) ........................................................................................ 168
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AMR (AUDIO/MODEM RISER)..................................................................................................... 168
AOPEN BONUS PACK CD........................................................................................................... 168
APM ........................................................................................................................................ 169
ATA/66..................................................................................................................................... 169
ATA/100................................................................................................................................... 169
BIOS (BASIC INPUT/OUTPUT SYSTEM) ....................................................................................... 170
BUS MASTER IDE (DMA MODE) ................................................................................................. 170
CODEC (CODING AND DECODING)............................................................................................. 170
DIMM (DUAL IN LINE MEMORY MODULE) .................................................................................... 171
ECC (ERROR CHECKING AND CORRECTION) ............................................................................... 171
EDO (EXTENDED DATA OUTPUT) MEMORY ................................................................................. 171
EEPROM (ELECTRONIC ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE ROM) ....................................................... 172
EPROM (ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE ROM) ............................................................................. 172
EV6 BUS .................................................................................................................................. 172
FCC DOC (DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY) ............................................................................... 173
FC-PGA .................................................................................................................................. 173
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FLASH ROM ............................................................................................................................. 173
FSB (FRONT SIDE BUS) CLOCK ................................................................................................. 174
I2C BUS ................................................................................................................................... 174
P1394...................................................................................................................................... 174
PARITY BIT ................................................................................................................................ 174
PBSRAM (PIPELINED BURST SRAM) ........................................................................................ 175
PC100 DIMM........................................................................................................................... 175
PC133 DIMM........................................................................................................................... 175
PDF FORMAT............................................................................................................................ 176
PNP (PLUG AND PLAY)............................................................................................................... 176
POST (POWER-ON SELF TEST) ................................................................................................. 176
RDRAM (RAMBUS DRAM)........................................................................................................ 177
RIMM ...................................................................................................................................... 177
SDRAM (SYNCHRONOUS DRAM).............................................................................................. 177
SIMM (SINGLE IN LINE MEMORY MODULE) ................................................................................. 178
SMBUS (SYSTEM MANAGEMENT BUS) ........................................................................................ 178
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SPD (SERIAL PRESENCE DETECT) ............................................................................................. 178
ULTRA DMA/33......................................................................................................................... 179
USB (UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS) .................................................................................................. 179
VCM (VIRTUAL CHANNEL MEMORY) ........................................................................................... 179
ZIP FILE ................................................................................................................................... 180
TROUBLESHOOTING................................................................................................................ 181
TECHNICAL SUPPORT ............................................................................................................. 185
PART NUMBER AND SERIAL NUMBER ........................................................................................... 187
PRODUCT REGISTRATION ........................................................................................................... 188
HOW TO CONTACT US................................................................................................................ 189
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Chapter 1 Housing Instruction
(SV320)
1.1 Introduction
This installation guide describes the features of the SV320 housing and tells you how to install the
basic system components such as disk drives, a motherboard, or expansion boards.
If you receive a complete system, the basic components
are already installed.
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1.2 Standalone System
The SV320 housing is both standalone and rackmount system housing.
stabilize the housing when standalone.
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Rotate the feet outward to
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1.3 Features
1.3.1 Front Panel
Key lock
Panel Door
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1.3.2 Rear Panel
COM port
Outlets
Hot-Swap Redundant
Power Supply
Housing Fan
Expansion Slots
SCSI Expansion Slots
(Optional)
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1.3.3 Internal Structure
Hot-swap
Redundant Power
Supply
Housing Fan
Expansion Card
Slots
5.25-inch Drive Bays
3.5-inch Drive Bay
Back-plane Board
Power Switch
Power LED
Hot-Swap Cage
(SCSI)
Hard Disk Drive LED
System Status LED
(reserved)
Removable Hard Disk
Drive Trays
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1.4 Opening the Housing Panels
1.4.1 Front Panel
Key lock
To open the front panel, use the key to unlock and then pull the panel as shown in the illustration
above.
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1.4.2 Left Panel
To remove the left panel:
1.
Use a screwdriver to remove the two front screws.
for later use.
Keep them in a safe place
2.
Pull the panel handle out and use it to remove the left panel from the housing.
Left panel
Screw
Left Panel Handle
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1.5 Installing Device Drives
Turn off the power switch and unplug the power cord
before installing or removing diskette drives.
1.5.1 3.5-inch Device Drive
To install 3.5-inch device drives:
1.
Open the front panel of the housing.
information on opening the housing panel.
2.
Detached the 3.5-inch drive frame (2 pieces) from the housing by removing
two screws. Keep the screws for later use.
3.
Attached the drive frames to the 3.5-inch drive securing it with four screws
as shown below.
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4.
Insert the drive into the drive bay and secure it with two screws.
5.
Connect the diskette drive cables and close the housing panels.
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1.5.2 5.25-inch Device Drives
You may install a CD-ROM, digital-audio tape (DAT), hard disk, diskette drive or any other 5.25-inch
device into the drive bay.
To install 5.25-inch devices:
1.
Open the front panel.
housing panel.
See section 1.4.1 for more information on opening the
2.
Detached the 5.25-inch drive frame (2 pieces) from the housing by removing two
screws. Keep the screws for later use.
3.
Attached the drive frames to the 5.25-inch device drive securing it with four screws
as shown below.
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4.
Insert the drive into the drive bay and secure it with two screws.
5.
Connect the signal and power cables to the drive and close the housing panels.
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1.6 Installing Hot-Swap Cages
The SV320 system housing comes with one HSC5 hot-swap cage. The HSC5 hot-swap cage box
includes the following components:
•
•
•
One hot-swap cage (with back plane board attached)
Five hard disk drive tray
One SCSI terminator
1.6.1 Installing a HSC5 Hot-Swap Cage
To install the hot-swap cage into the housing:
1.
Open the front panel and remove the left panel of the housing. See section
1.4.1 for more information on opening the housing panels.
2.
Insert the hot-swap cage into the housing and secure the hot-swap cage
with two screws as shown below.
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We suggest you use the lower three 5.25” bays.
3.
Locate the LVD SCSI cable and remove the terminator located at the
end of the LVD SCSI cable.
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4.
Attach the power cable and the LVD SCSI cable to the backplane board.
The LVD SCSI cable can be connected to either onboard SCSI channel
A or B (channel B recommended), or RAID card to form a RAID
configuration.
Power connector
SCSI Terminator
Connect to the system
power supply
Connect to either onboard
SCSI channel A or B
(channel B recommended)
or RAID card
LVD SCSI cable
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Remove the terminator and
connect to the HSC5 hot-swap
cage
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1.6.2 Installing and Removing a HSC5 Hard Disk Drive Tray
To remove and install a HSC5 Hard Disk Drive Tray:
1.
Use your finger to release the drive tray and then
pull it out.
2.
Remove all jumpers on the hard disk and place it on the tray.
Secure it with four screws.
3.
Insert the tray into the hot-swap cage with the lever still extended.
properly inserted before closing the lever.
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Make sure that the drive is
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1.6.3 HSC5 LVD SCSI Backplane Board
The HSC5 LVD SCSI hot-swap cage supports five 1-inch SCA SCSI hard drives in one channel.
The SCA connector design allows for the addition and removal of SCSI drives without shutting
down the system.
Backplane Features
The backplane board has the following major features:
•
“Hot-swap” feature that allows replacement of hard drives even when the system
is still on.
•
•
Indicates hard disk drive failure through a front panel board LED on cage.
Supports ultra-2 SCSI SCA (Single Connector Attachment) disk drives.
SCSI ID strapping that allows SCSI HDD ID configuration through the backplane switches, instead
of configuring the individual drive IDs.
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1.6.4 HSC5 Jumpers and Connectors
Jumper
Setting
Function
JP1
Short/Open
Terminator Power Source
Both from Backplane and Host
Only from Host
SW1 & SW2
Reserved
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Description
CN1
SCSI 68-pin connector - Out
CN2
Slot 1
CN3
Slot 2
CN4
Slot 3
CN5
Slot 4
CN6
Slot 5
CN7
Front panel LED connector (reserved)
CN8
SCSI 68-pin connector - In
CN9
Reserved
CN10
HDD fault LED connector (reserved)
JP2
FAN connector
1
JP3
Power connector
JP4
Power connector
JP5
Reserved
2
S1
Slot 1 ID switch
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Connector
Description
S2
Slot 2 ID switch
S3
Slot 3 ID switch
S4
Slot 4 ID switch
S5
Slot 5 ID switch
For HSC5 power loading requirement, please use independent power connectors to connect
HSC5. If there is more than one connector on the same wire, those additional connectors
should not be used.
2
Please remove all jumpers on each SCSI hard drive before installing.
on the backplane board (S1~S5) to configure the hard drive? ID.
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1.7 Installing and Removing a Hot-swappable
Redundant Power Supply Module
The power subsystem consists of two hot-swappable power supply module bays that allow the
installation of two 337-watts power supply modules in a hot-swappable redundant configuration. A
redundant power configuration enables a fully-configure system to continue running even if one
power supply fails.
The SV320 comes with one hot-swappable redundant power
supply installed.
To install a hot-swappable redundant power supply, please follow the steps as shown below.
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Insert the power supply into the housing.
Make sure that the power supply is properly inserted.
2.
Secure the power supply with a screw.
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To remove a hot-swappable redundant power supply, please follow the steps as shown below.
1.
Using a flat-head screwdriver, turn the screw counter clockwise to loosen the power supply.
2.
Push the metal lock towards the power supply as shown below and gently pull out the power
supply using the metal handle.
The power supply subsystem
should supply a minimum of
337-Watts to the whole
system. If you only have
one power supply or if you
have two power supplies and
are planning to remove both
of them, remember to turn off
the power first and disconnect
the power cord from the
electrical outlet.
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1.8 Installing an External Redundant System Fan
(Optional)
An additional external redundant fan can be installed behind the system housing. This allows the
system to operate properly even though the internal housing fan failed.
To install an external redundant fan:
1.
Open the front panel and remove the left panel of the housing. See section 1.4.1 for more
information on opening the housing panels.
2.
Use the screwdriver to push open the plastic peg located below the internal system fan
module.
3.
Insert the redundant fan into the fan cage and attach the fan cage to the system housing with
four screws as shown below.
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Redundant Fan
Screw
4.
Insert the fan cable into the peg hole and attach the cable to the motherboard. The fan can be
connected to the motherboard fan connector CN26 or CNX7.
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1.9 Installing a Motherboard
The housing accommodates various motherboard sizes. You can rearrange the stand-offs on the
motherboard plate to fit the board that you wish to install.
Motherboard
Align the motherboard holes to the pegs with the external ports facing the rear of the housing.
Secure the board with eight screws.
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1.10 Installing an Expansion card
To install an expansion card:
1. Remove an expansion slot bracket cover. Save the screw to secure the expansion card.
2. Align an expansion board with the open slot and insert the golden fingers into the
expansion bus connector.
3. Secure the board with the screw.
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Chapter 2 Hardware Installation
2.1 Overview
Thank you for choosing AOpen DX34Plus-U. The DX34Plus-U is Intel® Socket 370 motherboard
(M/B) based on the ATX form factor featuring the VIA VT82C694T chipset. As high performance
chipset built in the M/B, the DX34Plus-U can support Intel® Socket 370 series Pentium III™ or
FC-PGA Celeron™ series processor and 100/133 CPU Front Side Bus (FSB). In the AGP
performance, it supports AGP 1X/2X/4X/PRO mode and pipelined spilt-transaction long burst
transfer up to 1066MB/sec. The maximum SDRAM
memory size can be up to 1.5GB. The DX34Plus-U also
has on-board Adaptec AIC-7899G dual channel
Wide/Ultra3 SCSI controller that provides the highest
data transformation between interfaces up to 160MB/s.
Now, enjoy all features from AOpen DX34 Plus-U.
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2.2 Feature Highlight
CPU
Supports single/dual Intel® FC-PGA Pentium III 550MHz~1.26GHz with 66/100/133MHz FSB (Front
Side Bus) designed for Socket 370 technology.
Chipset
Uses the high performance the VIA® VT82C694T chipset in DX34Plus-U. This chipset contains the
various controller inclusive 32-bit Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP), 32-bit PCI bus and 64-bit
advanced high performance DRAM. Because of its powerful features, CPU Front Side Bus (FSB) of
DX34Plus-U can operate easily at 100 and at 133MHz This chipset also supports Ultra DMA
33/66/100 EIDE, USB and keyboard/ PS2 Mouse interface plus RTC/CMOS on chip.
Memory
Provides three 168-pin DIMM system memory sockets that support up to 1.5GB of PC-133
compliant SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory). You may install 32, 64, 128,
256, 512MB and 1GB with ECC (Error Checking and Correction) SDRAM DIMM modules into each
socket.
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Expansion Slots
Including five 32-bit PCI and one AGP Pro slots. The PCI local bus throughput can be up to
132MB/s. The Intel® AGP Pro specification provides a new level of video display sophistication and
speed. The AGP Pro video cards support data transfer rates up to 1066MB/s. As DX34 Plus-U
include one AGP Pro expansion slot for a bus mastering AGP graphics card. For AD and SBA
signaling, DX34 Plus-U can supports 133MHz 2X/4X mode.
SCSI On-board
The dual channel Adaptec AIC-7899G chip host adapter delivers Ultra160/m SCSI data transfer
rates which doubles the Ultra3 SCSI data transfer rate of up to 160MB/s. With two channels, it
delivers a total of 320MB/s bandwidth. In addition, the AIC-7899 features a 66MHz, 64bit PCI
interface that supports zero wait-state memory which also operates on 33MHz, 32bit PCI buses. It
supports up to 15 devices on a 12 meters cable (or 25 meters in a point to point configuration),
making it ideal for both clustering and RAID configurations.
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Ultra DMA 33/66/100 Bus Mater IDE
Comes with an on-board PCI Bus Master IDE controller with two connectors that supports four IDE
devices in two channels, supports Ultra DMA 33/66, PIO Modes 3 and 4 and Bus Master IDE DMA
Mode 4, and supports Enhanced IDE devices.
Intel 82559 LAN controller
Another cost-effective feature for network solution is the integration of Intel 82559 10/100 Mbps
Fast Ethernet controller which supports:
1.
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) 1.20A based power management.
2.
Wake on Magic Packet.
3.
Wake on interesting packet.
4.
Advanced System Management Bus (SMB) based manageability.
5.
Wired for Management (WfM) 2.0 compliance.
6.
IP checksum assist.
7.
PCI 2.2 compliance.
8.
PC99 compliance.
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Power Management/Plug and Play
The DX34 Plus-U supports the power management function that confirms to the power-saving
standards of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Energy Star program. It also offers
Plug-and-Play which helps save users from configuration problems, thus making to system more
user-friendly.
Hardware Monitoring Management
The DX34 Plus-U additional feature includes hardware support for ASM (Advanced Server
Management). ASM detects problems in CPU thermal condition, CPU working voltage detection
(±12V/±5V/ 3.3V/1.5V), and PCI bus utilization calculation. It also detects if the CPU fan or the
chassis fan malfunctions.
Super Multi-I/O
The DX34 Plus-U provides two high-speed UART compatible serial ports and one parallel port with
EPP and ECP capabilities. UART2 can also be directed from COM2 to the Infrared Module for the
wireless connections.
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2.3 Motherboard Map
Ethernet Connector (RJ45)
PC 99 Back Panel
WOL Connector
Intel 82559 10/100 LAN
Controller
Low ESR Capacitor
Dual CPU Sockets
AGP Pro Slot
32 Bit PCI Slot x 5
CPU #1
VIA Apollo Pro 133A Chipset
CPU #2
Thermal Sensor Connector
CPU Fan Connector
4Mbit Flash BIOS
VIA Apollo Pro 133A Chipset
PC-133 DIMM Slot x 3
SCSI HDD LED Connector
SSI ATX Power Connector
Adaptec Ultra3 SCSI
Controller
AGP Pro Power Connector
System Fan Connector
ATA/66/100 IDE Connector
Redundant SPS Connector
Dual Channel Ultra3
SCSI Connector
Front Panel Connector
BP (Backplane) Connector
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2.4 Block Diagram
CPU
CPU
x2
100/133MHz FSB
(Socket 370)
AGP VGA Card
PCI Card x 5
AGP Pro
Bus
North Bridge
VIA 694T
66/100/133
Memory Bus
DIMM x3
DIMM
DIMM
PCI Bus
ATA 100 IDE Bus
SCSI Controller
LAN Controller
Clock Generator
HDD/CDROM
South Bridge
VIA 686B
USB
4Mb BIOS ROM
Floppy
ISA Bus
PS2 Keyboard/Mouse
Serial port and
Printer port
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2.5 Connectors and Jumpers
The table below lists the different connectors or jumpers on the motherboard and their respective
functions.
Connector
CN6
Function
Front panel connector
CN9
WOL (Wake On LAN) connector
CN10
Event LED connector
CN11
FDD connector
CN13
I2C connector
CN15
System fan connector
CN16
BP (Backplane) connector
CN17
IDE 1 Connector (Primary)
CN18
AGP Pro Slot
CN20
IDE 2 connector (Secondary)
CN22
SCSI channel B connector
CN25
SCSI channel A connector
CN26
System fan connector
DM1 to 3
DIMM slot
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Function
JP1
CPU 2 fan connector
JP2
CPU 1 fan connector
JP3X
SCSI channel A terminator jumper
JP4
SCSI channel B terminator jumper
PCI 1 to 5
32-bit PCI slot
PWR1
ATX power supply connector
U3
CPU 2 socket
U20
CPU 1 socket
WKUP1
WOM (Wake On Modem) connector
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2.6 Hardware
This chapter describes jumpers, connectors and hardware devices of this motherboard.
Note: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage your processor, disk
drives, expansion boards, and other components. Always observe the
following precautions before you install a system component.
1.Do not remove a component from its protective packaging until you
are ready to install it.
2.Wear a wrist ground strap and attach it to a metal part of the system
unit before handling a component. If a wrist strap is not available,
maintain contact with the system unit throughout any procedure
requiring ESD protection.
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2.6.1 CPU Installation
CPU Pin 1 and cut edge
1.
Pull up the CPU socket level and up to 90-degree
angle.
2.
Locate Pin 1 in the socket and look for a (golden)
cut edge on the CPU upper interface. Match Pin 1
and cut edge. Then insert the CPU into the socket.
3.
Press down the CPU socket level and finish CPU
installation.
Note: If you do not match the CPU socket
Pin 1 and CPU cut edge well, it may
damage the CPU.
CPU socket level
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2.6.2 CPU & Housing Fan Connector
Plug in the CPU fan cable to the 3-pin CPU FAN connector and housing fan cable to the Housing
Fan connector.
CPU fan connector
Sensor
+12V
GND
GND
+12V
Sensor
System fan connector
Note: Some CPU fans do not have
sense pin, so that cannot support fan
monitoring.
GND
+12V
Sensor
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®
2.6.3 SW1 CPU Frequency Switch (For Intel engineer sample CPU only)
When you are using the Intel® engineer sample CPU with DX34 Plus-U, the SW1 allows you select
the CPU ratio from 2 to 9.5. You can adjust the SW1 to get the correct CPU working ratio and
frequency.
ON
OFF
1
SW1
Warning: We strongly recommend you do
not overclocking your CPU and system for
get more system reliability.
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You can setup the correct CPU working frequency and ratio by the setting table as shown below:
Bit1
Bit2
Bit3
Bit4
On
On
On
On
Off
On
On
On
Coppermine
Coppermine D-Step
Ratio
100Mhz
133Mhz
Ratio
FSB 133Mhz
On
X2
200
266
X4
533
On
On
X2.5
250
333
X9.5
1266
Off
On
X3
300
400
X8.5
1133
Off
Off
On
X3.5
350
466
X9
1200
On
On
On
Off
X4
400
533
Reserved
Reserved
On
Off
On
Off
X4.5
450
600
Reserved
Reserved
On
On
Off
Off
X5
500
667
Reserved
Reserved
On
Off
Off
Off
X5.5
550
733
X5.5
733
Off
On
On
On
X6
600
800
X6
800
Off
Off
On
On
X6.5
650
866
X6.5
866
Off
On
Off
On
X7
700
933
X7
933
Off
Off
Off
On
X7.5
750
1000
X7.5
1000
Off
On
On
Off
X8
800
1066
X8
1066
Off
Off
On
Off
X8.5
850
1133
Reserved
Reserved
Off
On
Off
Off
X9
900
1200
Reserved
Reserved
Off
Off
Off
Off
X9.5
950
1266
X2
266
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2.6.4 DIMM Socket
This motherboard has three 168-pin DIMM sockets that allow you to install PC100 or PC133
memory up to 3.0GB. The DX34 Plus-U supports not only SDRAM but also VCM and Registered
DRAM.
DIMM 3
DIMM 2
DIMM 1
Tip: The driving capability of new generation
chipset is limited due to the lack of a memory
buffer (to improve performance). This makes
DRAM chip count an important factor to take
into consideration when you install DIMMs.
Unfortunately, there is no way that the BIOS
can identify the correct chip count; you need
to calculate the chip count by yourself.
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2.6.5 ATX Power Connector and AGP Pro Power Connector
The DX34 Plus-U uses Intel® SSI (Server System Infrastructure) type 24-pin ATX power connector.
The 6-pin AGP Pro Power connector provides extra +5V and +3.3V power for AGP Pro VGA card.
Make sure you plug in the right direction.
+12V
+5V
5VSB
+5V
GND
-5V
COM
COM
+5V
COM
COM
COM
+5V
6
PS-ON
COM
COM
+3.3V
-12V
+3.3V
+3.3V
Standard ATX Power
Connector
1
GND
GND
GND
+5V
+3.3V
+3.3V
AGP Pro Power Connector
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2.6.6 CNX2 Redundant SPS Connector
The Redundant SPS connector provides the signal to hardware monitoring module if it had fail.
Present 1
2
I C CLK
Fan 1 Fail
PS 1 Fail
PS_ON
PS 3 Fail
Fan 3 Fail
2
I CDA
Present 3
GND
66
13
1
14
2
PS 2 Fail
Fan 2 Fail
Present 2
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2.6.7 IDE and Floppy Connector
Connect 34-pin floppy cable and 40-pin ATA66 or ATA33 IDE cable to floppy connector FDC and
IDE connector IDE1, IDE2. Pin1 of cable is normally marked with red color. Be careful of the pin1
orientation. Wrong orientation may cause system damage.
Primary
Master (1st)
FDD
Connector
Primary
Slave (2nd)
IDE1 (Primary)
ATA/66 IDE
Connector
Pin 1
IDE2 (Secondary)
Secondary
Master (3rd)
Secondary
Slave (4th)
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IDE1 is also known as the primary channel and IDE2 as the secondary channel. Each channel
supports two IDE devices that make a total of four devices. In order to work together, the two
devices on each channel must be set differently to Master and Slave mode. Either one can be the
hard disk or the CDROM. The setting as master or slave mode depends on the jumper on your IDE
device, so please refer to your hard disk and CDROM manual accordingly.
Warning: The specification of the IDE cable is a
maximum of 46cm (18 inches), make sure your cable
does not exceed this length.
Tip: For better signal quality, it is recommended
to set the far end side device to master mode
and follow the suggested sequence to install
your new device. Please refer to above diagram.
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This motherboard supports Ultra DMA/33 or Ultra DMA/66/100 mode. Following table lists the
transfer rate of IDE PIO and DMA modes. The IDE bus is 16-bit, which means every transfer is two
bytes.
Mode
Clock
33MHz PCI
Clock
Count
Cycle Time
Data Transfer Rate
PIO mode 0
30ns
20
600ns
(1/600ns) x 2byte = 3.3MB/s
PIO mode 1
30ns
13
383ns
(1/383ns) x 2byte = 5.2MB/s
PIO mode 2
30ns
8
240ns
(1/240ns) x 2byte = 8.3MB/s
PIO mode 3
30ns
6
180ns
(1/180ns) x 2byte = 11.1MB/s
PIO mode 4
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte = 16.6MB/s
DMA mode 0
30ns
16
480ns
(1/480ns) x 2byte = 4.16MB/s
DMA mode 1
30ns
5
150ns
(1/150ns) x 2byte = 13.3MB/s
DMA mode 2
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte = 16.6MB/s
UDMA/33
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte x2 = 33MB/s
UDMA/66
30ns
4
120ns
(1/120ns) x 2byte x4 = 66MB/s
Note: ATA/100 uses both rising edge and falling edge but doubles
UDMA/33 transfer rate. The data transfer rate is 4 times of the PIO
mode 4 or DMA mode 2, 16.6MB/s x4 = 66MB/s. To use ATA/66, you
need special ATA/66 IDE cable.
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2.6.8 68-pin Ultra3 SCSI Connector
The DX34Plus-U provides two 68-pin Ultra Wide/Ultra 2/3 SCSI connectors for 16-bit or 16-bit
differential SCSI devices.
68-pin SCSI Ultra3 Connectors
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2.6.9 CN6 Front Panel Connector
Attaching such as power LED, speaker, reset switch, power switch connector, etc.… to
corresponding pins.
ATX
Power Switch
Power LED
1
21
2
22
HDD LED
+5V
GND
PWR LED
+5VSB
GND
+5V
HDD LED
HDD LED
+5V
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Chassis
Intrusion Switch
Reset Switch
RST S/W
INT S/W
1
21
2
22
GND
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2.6.10 WKUP1 WOM (Zero Voltage Wake on Modem)
This motherboard implements special circuit to support Wake On Modem, both Internal modem
card and external box modem are supported. Since Internal modem card consumes no power when
system power is off, it is recommended to use an internal modem. To use internal modem, connect
4-pin cable from RING connector of modem card to the WOM connector on the motherboard.
1
+5V Standby
NC
RING
GND
Pin 1
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WOM by External BOX Modem
Traditional Green PC suspend mode does not really turn off the system power supply, it uses
external box modem to trigger MB COM port and resume back to active.
Serial Port
(Modem Side)
Pin 1
Serial Port
(Motherboard Side)
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WOM by Internal Modem Card
With the help of the ATX soft power On/Off, it is possible to have a system totally power off, and
wakeup to automatically answer a phone call as an answering machine or to send/receive a fax.
You may identify whether or not your system is in true power off mode by checking to see if the fan
of your power supply is off. Both an external box modem and an internal modem card can be used
to support Modem Wake Up, but if you use an external modem, you have to leave your box modem
on.
WOM Connector
(Modem Card Side)
WOM Connector
(Motherboard Side)
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2.6.11 CN9 WOL (Wake on LAN)
This feature is very similar as Wake On Modem, but it goes through local area network. To use
Wake On LAN function, you must have a network card with chipset that supports this feature, and
connect a cable from LAN card to motherboard WOL connector. The system identification
information (probably IP address) is stored on network card and because there is a lot of traffic on
the Ethernet, you need to install a network management software, such as ADM, for the checking of
how to wake up the system. Note that, at least 600mA ATX standby current is required to support
the LAN card for this function.
+5VSB
LID
GND
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WOL Connector
(Ethernet Card Side)
WOL Connector
(Motherboard Side)
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2.6.12 CN10 Event & HDD Fail LED Connector
The DX34 Plus-U BIOS supports the system monitored event logs recording function. If there is any
event happens or hard disk fails when you operate your system, the Event & HDD fail LED will
keep flash to warn you.
1
Sensor
+5VSB
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2.6.13 CN16 BP (Backplane) Connector (Works with Hot-Swap Cage-HSC5
or HSC6 Only)
The BP connector provides the signals of backplane to ASM (Advanced Server Management)
software monitoring program, such as storage category, HDD fault, fan present, fan fault.
Pin 1
1
GND
N/C
I2C CLK
I2CDA
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2.6.14 CN23 & CN24 SCSI LED Connector (For SCSI/RAID Card Only)
The 4-pin SCSI LED connector can be connected to the SCSI hard disk control card activity LED
connector. Read or write activity by devices connected to the SCSI card will cause the LED lighting
up.
+
CN23
+
-
CN24
+
+
-
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2.6.15 JP3 & JP3X SCSI Channel Terminator Control
The JP3/JP3X allows you to enable or disable the on-board SCSI Channel A and B terminator
control function. The SCSI Channel A is controlled by JP3, the Channel B is controlled by JP3X.
JP3X
JP3
1
ON
OFF
(Default)
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2.6.16 JP4 Buzzer/Speaker Select (Optional)
There is one jumper cap over pin1 and pin2 of JP4 for internal buzzer. If you want to use external
case-mounted speaker instead of internal buzzer, please remove jumper cap to short pin2 and pin3.
1
JP4
1
Buzzer
1
Speaker
(Default)
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2.6.17 PC99 Color Coded Back Panel
The onboard I/O devices are PS/2 Keyboard, PS/2 Mouse, serial ports COM1 and COM2, Printer,
USB, RJ45 LA. The view angle of drawing shown here is from the back panel of the housing.
SPP/ECP/EPP Print Port
PS/2 Mouse
Connector
USB
Connector
PS/2 Keyboard
Connector
PS/2 Keyboard:
PS/2 Mouse:
USB Port:
Parallel Port:
COM1 Port:
RJ45 LAN
Connector
COM 2 Port
COM 1 Port
For standard keyboard, which is using a PS/2 plug.
For PC-Mouse, which is using a PS/2 plug.
Available for connecting USB devices.
To connect with SPP/ECP/EPP printer.
To connect with pointing devices, modem or others serial devices.
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2.6.18 Low ESR Capacitor
The quality of low ESR capacitor (Low Equivalent Series Resistor) during high frequency operation
is very important for stability of CPU power. The location of where to put these capacitors is another
knowhow that requires experience and detail calculation.
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Chapter 3 BIOS Setup Utility
Most of system had already configured by the manufacturer or the dealer. There is no need to run
BIOS setup program when starting the computer unless you get a run setup program message.
The setup program loads configuration values into the battery-backed nonvolatile memory called
CMOS RAM. This memory area is not part of the system RAM.
If you repeatedly receive Run Setup messages, the
battery may be bad. In this case, the system cannot
retain configuration values in CMOS. Ask a qualified
technician for assistance.
The system will reboot immediately after you exit Setup.
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3.1 Entering Setup
To enter Setup, press the DELETE key.
You must press DELETE while the system is booting.
This key does not work during any other time.
The Setup Utility Main Menu appears:
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The system supports two BIOS Utility levels: Basic and Advanced.
If you are an advanced user, you may want to check the detailed configuration of your system.
Detailed system configurations are contained in the Advanced Level. To view the Advanced Level,
press
.
The asterisk (*) mark indicates that the parameter appears
only when you are in the Advanced Level.
The parameters on the screens show default values.
These values may not be the same as those in your
system.
The grayed items on the screens have fixed settings and
are not user-configurable.
Use the arrow keys
Use
and
to move around the Setup Utility screen.
to move to the next page or
to return to the previous page if the setup screen has
more than one page available.
Use
Press
,
, “+” or “-” to select the options if they are available.
to return to the Main menu.
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3.2 System Information
The following screen appears if you select System Information from the Main menu:
The System Information menu shows the current basic configuration of your system.
The sections below explain the parameters.
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3.2.1 Processor
The Processor parameter specifies the type of processor currently installed in your system. The
system supports Intel Pentium II and Pentium III processors.
3.2.2 Processor Speed
The Processor Speed parameter specifies the speed of the processor currently installed in your
system.
3.2.3 CPU/SDRAM BUS Frequency
This parameter specifies the currently FSB (Front Side Bus) frequency of the CPU/SDRAM.
3.2.4 Level 1 Cache
This parameter specifies the first-level or the internal fast accessed memory (i.e., the memory
integrated into the CPU) size, and whether it is enabled or disabled.
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3.2.5 Level 2 Cache
This parameter specifies the second-level cache memory size that comes with the CPU. The
available cache size is 256/512 KB.
3.2.6 Diskette Drive A
This parameter specifies the system’s current diskette drive A settings.
3.2.7 Diskette Drive B
This parameter specifies the system’s current diskette drive B settings.
3.2.8 IDE Primary Channel Master
This parameter specifies the current configuration of the IDE device connected to the master port of
the primary IDE channel.
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3.2.9 IDE Primary Channel Slave
This parameter specifies the current configuration of the IDE device connected to the slave port of
the primary IDE channel.
3.2.10 IDE Secondary Channel Master
This parameter specifies the current configuration of the IDE device connected to the master port of
the secondary IDE channel.
3.2.11 IDE Secondary Channel Slave
This parameter specifies the current configuration of the IDE device connected to the slave port of
the secondary IDE channel.
3.2.12 Total Memory
This parameter specifies the total amount of onboard memory. The memory size is automatically
detected by BIOS during the POST. If you install additional memory, the system automatically
adjusts this parameter to display the new memory size.
1st Bank/2nd Bank/3rd Bank
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The 1st Bank, 2nd Bank, and 3rd Bank parameters indicate the type and size of DRAM installed in
DIMM sockets 1, 2, and 3 respectively. The “None” setting indicates that there is no DRAM installed.
For the location of the DIMM sockets, refer to section 2.3 or 2.4.
3.2.13 Serial Port 1
This parameter shows the serial port 1 address and IRQ setting.
3.2.14 Serial Port 2
This parameter shows the serial port 2 address and IRQ setting.
3.2.15 Parallel Port
This parameter shows the parallel port address and IRQ setting.
3.2.16 PS/2 Mouse
The BIOS utility automatically detects if there is a pointing device connected to your system. If
there is, this parameter displays the “Installed” setting. Otherwise, this is set to “None”.
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3.3 Product Information
The Product Information contains the general data about the system, such as the product name,
serial number, BIOS version, etc. This information is necessary for troubleshooting (may be
required when asking for technical support).
The following shows how the Product Information screen appears:
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3.3.1 Product Name
This parameter specifies the official name of the system.
3.3.2 System S/N
This parameter specifies the system’s serial number.
3.3.3 Main Board ID
This parameter specifies the motherboard’s identification number.
3.3.4 Main Board S/N
This parameter specifies the motherboard’s serial number.
3.3.5 System BIOS Version
This parameter specifies the version of the BIOS utility.
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3.3.6 SMBIOS Version
This parameter specifies the version of the SMBIOS version.
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3.4 Disk Drives
Select Disk Drives to input configuration values for disk drives.
The following screen shows the Disk Drives menu:
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3.4.1 Floppy Drives
To enter the configuration value for the first floppy drive, highlight the Floppy Drive A parameter.
Press
or
, key to view the options and select the appropriate value.
Drive A/Drive B
None
These items select the floppy drive type. The available settings and
types supported by the motherboard are listed to the left.
360KB 5.25"
1.2MB 5.25"
720KB 3.5"
1.44MB 3.5"
2.88MB 3.5"
Follow the same procedure to configure floppy drive B. Choose “None” if you do not have a second
floppy drive.
3.4.2 IDE Drives
To configure the IDE drives connected to your system, select the parameter that represents the
channel and port where the desired hard disk to configure is connected. The options are:
IDE Primary Channel Master
This option lets you configure the hard disk drive connected to the master port of IDE channel 1.
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IDE Primary Channel Slave
This option lets you configure the hard disk drive connected to the slave port of IDE channel 1.
IDE Secondary Channel Master
This option lets you configure the hard disk drive connected to the master port of IDE channel 2.
IDE Secondary Channel Slave
This option lets you configure the hard disk drive connected to the slave port of IDE channel 2.
The following screen appears if you select any of the IDE Drive parameters:
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Device Detection Mode
Device Detection
Mode
Auto (Default)
Manual
None
If you select “Manual”, you need to fill in all remaining field, such as Cylinder,
Head, and Sector on this selected item. If the item “Auto” is selected, the
items will remain “0”. And when the system boot up, system will detect the
hard disk and configure it automatically. “None” means there is no device in
the channel.
Device Type
This parameter shows which type of IDE drive currently used.
Cylinder
This parameter specifies the number of cylinders of your hard disk, and is automatically set
depending on your Type parameter setting.
Head
This parameter specifies the number of heads of your hard disk, and is automatically set depending
on your Type parameter setting.
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Sector
This parameter specifies the number of sectors of your hard disk, and is automatically set
depending on your Type parameter setting.
Size
This parameter specifies the size of your hard disk, in MB.
Hard Disk LBA Mode
Hard Disk Block
Mode
Auto (Default)
Disabled
This function enhances disk performance depending on the hard disk in use.
If you set this parameter to “Auto”, the BIOS utility automatically detects if
the installed hard disk drive supports the Block Mode function. If supported, it
allows data transfer in blocks (multiple sectors) at a rate of 256 bytes per
cycle. To disregard the feature, change the setting to “Disable”.
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3.5 Onboard Peripherals
The Onboard Peripheral Configuration allows you to configure the onboard communication ports
and the onboard devices. Selecting this option displays the following screen:
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3.5.1 Serial Ports 1 and 2
Serial Port 1 & 2
Enabled (Default)
These parameters allow you to enable or disable serial
ports 1 and 2.
Disabled
3.5.1.1 Base Address
Base Address
Serial Port 1:
This item allows you to assign address and interrupt for the
board serial port.
3F8h (Default)
3E8h
2E8h
Serial Port 2:
2F8h (Default)
2E8h
3E8h
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3.5.1.2 IRQ
IRQ
Serial Port 1:
4 (Default), 11
This function lets you assign an interrupt for serial ports 1
and 2. The options for serial ports 1 are IRQ 4 and 11. The
options for serial port 2 are IRQ 3 and 10.
Serial Port 2:
3 (Default), 10
The Base Address and IRQ parameters for each port are
configurable only if the port is enabled.
3.5.2 Parallel Port
Parallel Port
Enabled (Default)
This parameter allows you to enable or disable the parallel
port.
Disabled
3.5.2.1 Base Address
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Base Address
378h (Default)
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This item allows you to assign address and interrupt for the
board serial port.
3BCh
278h
3.5.2.2 IRQ
IRQ
7 (Default), 5
This function lets you assign an interrupt for the parallel
port. The options are IRQ 5 and 7.
The Base Address and IRQ parameters are configurable only if
Parallel Port is enabled.
If you install an add-on card that has a parallel port whose
address conflicts with the onboard parallel port, a warning
appears on the screen.
Check the parallel port address of the add-on card and change
the address to one that does not conflict.
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3.5.2.3 Operation Mode
Operation Mode
EPP (Default)
Bi-Directional
This item lets you set the parallel port mode. The mode
options are Standard, Bi-directional, EPP (Enhanced Parallel
Port) and ECP (Extended Parallel Port).
Standard
ECP
Setting
Function
Standard Parallel Port (Standard)
Allows normal speed one-way operation
Bi-directional
(Bi-directional)
Allows normal speed operation in a two-way
mode
Parallel
Port
Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP)
Allows bi-directional parallel port operation at
maximum speed
Extended Capabilities Port (ECP)
Allows parallel port to operate in
bi-directional mode and at a speed higher
than the maximum data transfer rate
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3.5.2.4 ECP DMA Channel
ECP Mode Use DMA
3
1 (Default)
This item becomes active only if you select Extended
Capabilities Port (ECP) as the operation mode. It allows you
to assign DMA channel 1 or DMA channel 3 for the ECP
parallel port function (as required in Windows 95).
3.5.3 Onboard Device Settings
The Onboard Device Settings menu allows you to configure the onboard communication ports and
the onboard devices. Selecting this option from the Onboard Peripherals menu displays the
following screen:
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3.5.3.1 Floppy Disk Controller
Floppy
Controller
Disk
Enabled (Default)
This parameter lets you enable or disable the onboard floppy
disk controller.
Disabled
3.5.3.2 IDE Controller
IDE Controller
Both (Default)
Primary
Set this parameter to “Primary” to enable only the primary IDE
controller; “Both” to enable both primary and secondary IDE
controllers; or “Disabled” to disable all IDE controllers.
Disabled
3.5.3.3 PS/2 Mouse Controller
PS/2
Mouse
Controller
Enabled (Default)
This parameter enables or disables the onboard PS/2 mouse
controller.
Disabled
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3.5.3.4 USB Host Controller
USB
Controller
Host
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
This parameter lets you enable or disable the USB controller on
board. When enabled, it activates the USB function of the
system. When disabled, it deactivates the function.
3.5.3.5 USB Legacy Mode
USB Legacy Mode
Enabled
Disabled (Default)
This parameter lets you enable or disable the USB controller on
board. When enabled, it activates the USB function of the
system. When disabled, it deactivates the function.
3.5.3.6 On-board Audio Chip
On-board
Chip
Audio
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
This parameter lets you enable or disable the on-board audio
chip. When enabled, it activates the audio function of the
system. When disabled, it deactivates the function.
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3.5.3.7 On-board SCSI
On-board SCSI
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
This parameter lets you enable or disable the SCSI controller on
board. When enabled, it activates the SCSI function of the
system. When disabled, it also deactivates the function.
3.5.3.8 Onboard Ethernet Chip
On-board
Ethernet Chip
Enabled
This parameter allows you to enable or disable the onboard
network feature.
Disabled (Default)
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3.6 Power Management
The Power Management menu allows you to configure the system power-management feature.
The following screen shows the Power Management parameters and their default settings:
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3.6.1 Power Management Mode
Power
Management
Mode
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
This parameter allows you to reduce power consumption.
When this parameter is set to “Enabled”, you can configure the
IDE hard disk and system timers. Setting it to “Disabled”
deactivates the power-management feature and its timers.
3.6.1.1 IDE Hard Disk Standby Timer
IDE Hard Disk
Standby Timer
Off (Default)
1 to 15min
This parameter allows the hard disk to enter standby mode after
inactivity of 1 to 15 minutes, depending on your setting. When
you access the hard disk again, allow 3 to 5 seconds (depending
on the hard disk) for the disk to return to normal speed. et this
parameter to “Off” if your hard disk does not support this
function.
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3.6.1.2 System Sleep Timer
System
Timer
Sleep
Off (Default)
120, 110, 100…20,
15, 10, 5, 2min
This parameter sets the system to the lowest power-saving
mode after a specified period of inactivity. Any keyboard or
mouse action or any activity detected from the IRQ channels
resumes system operation.
3.6.1.3 Sleep Mode
Sleep Mode
Standby
Suspend (Default)
This parameter lets you specify the power-saving mode that the
system will enter after a specified period of inactivity. The
options are “Standby” and “Suspend” modes. This parameter
becomes configurable only if the System Sleep Timer is enabled.
Any keyboard or mouse action, or any enabled monitored
activities occurring through the IRQ channels resume system
operation.
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3.6.2 Power Switch < 4 sec.
Power Switch < 4
Sec.
Suspend
Power Off (Default)
When set to ”Power Off”, the system automatically turns off
when the power switch is pressed for less than 4 seconds.
When set to ”Suspend”, the system enters the suspend mode
when pressed for less than 4 seconds.
3.6.3 System Wake-up Event
The system wake-up event allows the system to resume operation when the modem ring indicator
is enabled.
3.6.3.1 Modem Ring Indicator
Modem
Indicator
Ring
Enabled
When “Enabled” any fax/modem activity wakes up the system
from suspend mode. The default setting is “Disabled”.
Disabled (Default)
3.6.3.2 PCI Power Management
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PCI
Power
Management
Enabled (Default)
Online Manual
This item allows you to enable or disable the PCI power
management function.
Disabled
3.6.3.3 RTC Alarm
RTC Alarm
Enabled
This item allows you to set a certain time on a certain day to
wake-up the system from suspend mode.
Disabled (Default)
Resume Day
Resume Day
This item is displayed when you enable the “RTC Timer” option.
1 to 31
Here you can specify what date you want to wake up the system.
For example, setting to 15, the system will wake up on the 15th
day of every month.
Resume Time
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Resume Time
hh:mm:ss
This item is displayed when you enable the RTC Wake Up Timer
option. Here you can specify what time you want to wake up the
system.
3.6.3.4 Restart On AC/Power Failure
Restart
On
AC/Power Failure
Enabled
Disabled (Default)
A traditional ATX system should remain at power off stage when
AC power resume from power failure. This design is
inconvenient for a network server or workstation, without an
UPS, that needs to keep power-on. The system will remain
power-off if you select “Disabled”. Selecting “Enabled” to enable
system automatically power-on after power failure.
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3.7 Boot Options
This option allows you to specify your preferred setting for boot up.
The following screen appears if you select Boot Options from the Basic Configuration menu:
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3.7.1 Boot Sequence
This parameter allows you to specify the boot search sequence during POST.
•
•
1st. The system checks this drive first.
2nd. The system then checks this drive if it can not boot from the 1st specified
drive.
•
•
3rd. If the 1st and 2nd searches fail then it boots from this drive.
4th. If the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd searches fail then it boots from this drive.
BIOS will display an error message if the drive(s) specified is not bootable.
3.7.2 Fast Boot
Fast Boot
Auto (Default)
This parameter allows the system to boot faster by skipping
some POST routines.
Disabled
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3.7.3 Silent Boot
Silent Boot
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
This parameter enables or disables the Silent Boot function.
When set to ”Enabled”, BIOS is in graphical mode and displays
only an identification logo during POST and while booting. After
booting the screen displays the operating system prompt (such
as DOS) or logo (such as Windows 95). If any error occurs while
booting, the system automatically switches to the text mode.
Even if your setting is ”Enabled”, you may also switch to the text
mode while booting by pressing
when you see the “Press
DELETE key to enter setup” message on the screen.
When set to “Disabled”, BIOS is in the conventional text mode
where you see the system initialization details on the screen.
3.7.4 Num Lock After Boot
Num Lock After
Boot
Enabled (Default)
This parameter allows you to activate the Num Lock function
upon booting.
Disabled
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3.7.5 Memory Test
Memory Test
When set to ”Enabled”, this parameter allows the system to
Enabled
perform a RAM test during the POST routine. When set to
“Disabled”, the system detects only the memory size and
Disabled (Default)
bypasses the test routine.
3.7.6 Release All Blocked Memory
Release
All
Blocked Memory
Enabled
When set to “Enabled”, this parameter allows system to bypass
testing the defective memory banks detected earlier.
Disabled (Default)
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3.8 Date and Time
The real-time clock keeps the system date and time. After setting the date and time, you do not
need to enter them every time you turn on the system. As long as the internal battery remains good
(approximately seven years) and connected, the clock continues to keep the date and time
accurately even when the power is off.
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3.8.1 Date
Date
ww:mm:dd:yy
or
Highlight the items on the Date parameter and press
to set the date following the weekday-month-day-year
format.
Valid values for weekday, month, day, and year are:
•
•
•
•
Weekday:
Sun, Mon, Tue, Wed, Thu, Fri, Sat
Month: Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec
Day:
1 to 31
Year:
1980 to 2079
3.8.2 Time
Time
Highlight the items on the Time parameter and press
or
to set the time following the hour-minute-second format.
hh:mm:ss
Valid values for hour, minute, and second are:
•
•
•
Hour
00 to 23
Minute 00 to 59
Second 00 to 59
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3.9 System Security
The Setup program has a number of security features to prevent unauthorized access to the
system and its data.
The following screen appears if you select System Security from the Main menu:
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3.9.1 Supervisor Password
Supervisor
Password
None (Default)
This item can prevent unauthorized access to the BIOS utility.
The “Present” setting allows you to set a setup password.
Present
1.
Enable the Supervisor Password parameter in the System Security menu by pressing the
ENTER key. The Supervisor Password windows will appear as shown above.
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Type a password. The password may consist of up to seven characters.
Be very careful when typing your password because the
actual characters do not appear on the screen.
3.
Press the ENTER key. Re-type the password to verify your first entry then press ENTER key
again.
4.
Highlight the “Set or change password” option and press ENTER key.
5.
Press the ESC key to return the System Security screen.
6.
Press the ESC key to exit setup. The Exit Setup screen will appear.
7.
Choose “Yes” to save your setting and exit Setup. Your password will be saved to CMOS.
8.
If you want to remove the password, please select “Disabled” to disable this function.
3.9.2 User Password
User Password
None (Default)
Present
This item can secure your system against unauthorized use.
Once you set this password, you have to type it whenever you
boot the system. This item is available when only Supervisor
Password is set.
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3.9.3 Disk Drive Control
The disk drive control features allow you to control the floppy drive or the hard disk drive boot
function to prevent loading operating systems or other programs from a certain drive while the other
drives are operational (under DOS mode only).
The table below lists the drive control settings and their corresponding functions.
Floppy Drive
Setting
Description
Normal
Floppy drive functions normally
Write Protect All Sectors
Disables the write function on all
sectors
Write Protect Boot Sector
Disables the write function only on the
boot sector
Hard Disk Drive
Setting
Description
Normal
Hard disk drive functions normally
Write Protect All Sectors
Disables the write function on all
sectors
Write Protect Boot Sector
Disables the write function only on the
boot sector
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3.9.4 Processor Serial Number
Processor
Number
Serial
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
The Pentium III processor incorporates an individual serial
number in each chip that can identify individual CPUs. When
enable this option, CPUs can be identified by processor serial
number. Disable this option to deactivate this feature.
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3.10 System Event Log
The system event log enables you to record and monitor events that occurs in your system like
system temperature, fan stops, and others. This feature allows you to specify the appropriate
settings for your system’s event handling. Selecting the option displays the following screen:
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3.10.1 System Event Logging
This option allows you to record monitored events that occur during the operation of your system.
3.10.1.1 Event Logging
Event Logging
Enabled (Default)
This item allows you to enable or disable the system event
logging function.
Disabled
3.10.1.2 Clear Event Logs
Clear Event Logs
Enabled
Disabled (Default)
This item allows you to enable or disable the system event logs
clearing function. Please enable it if you want to clear the event
log whenever the event log area is full
3.10.1.2 Event Log BIOS Version
Event Log BIOS
Version
This parameter specifies the version of the Event Log BIOS.
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3.10.1.3 Total Number of Event Logs
Total Number of
Event Logs
The currently number of events located in the event log area.
3.10.1.4 Available Space for Event Logs
Available Space
for Event Logs
The percentage of space that is still available for logging system
events.
3.10.1.5 View Event Logs
View Event Logs
Opens the system event log file for viewing.
3.10.2 Events Control
This parameter monitors the following events and logs them into the event log file if there is a
change in status.
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3.10.2.1 Temperature/Voltage/Fan
Temperature/Volt
age/ Fan
Enabled (Default)
Enable or disable the monitoring of the system’s temperature,
voltage, and CPU fan.
Disabled
3.10.2.2 ECC
ECC
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
ECC or Error-Correcting Code tests the accuracy of data as it
passes in and out of memory. This parameter enables or
disables the monitoring of this function.
3.10.2.3 PCI
PCI
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
PCI or Peripheral Component Interconnect is a 32-bit bus that
can run at clock speeds of 33 MHz. This parameter monitors the
activity of this bus when set to enabled.
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3.10.3 Event Process
3.10.3.1 Action After Critical Event
Action
After
Critical Event
NMI (Default)
Power Cycle
This parameter allows you to select the action after BIOS finds a
critical event. The critical events include multiple bits ECC error
and PCI device error.
Reset
3.10.3.2 POST Error Stop
Post Error Stop
Enabled (Default)
Disabled
BIOS checking the bad CPUs and memory modules during
POST. When this parameter is enabled, BIOS will stop POST
operation whenever it finds a bad CPU or memory. Otherwise, if
disabled the system will continue running.
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3.11 Load Default Settings
Use this option to load the default settings for the optimized system configuration. When you load
the default settings, some of the parameters are grayed-out with their fixed settings. These grayed
parameters are not user-configurable.
The following dialog box appears when you select Load Default Settings from the main menu:
Select “Yes” to load the default settings.
Select “No” to ignore the message and return to the BIOS utility.
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3.12 Abort Settings Change
Use this option to disregard your changes to the BIOS and reload your previous settings.
The following dialog box appears when you select Abort Settings Change from the main menu:
Select “Yes” to disregard your changes and reload your previous settings. After reload, the main
menu appears on screen.
Select “No” to ignore the message and return to the BIOS utility.
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Chapter 4 SCSISelect™ Utility
The SCSISelect™ utility allows you to change SCSI controller settings without opening the system
or changing jumpers.
The table below lists the settings that you can change using the SCSISelect™ utility and the default
value for each setting. Some settings apply globally to the SCSI controller and all SCSI devices on
the bus. Other settings apply individually to each device on the bus.
Settings for the SCSI Controller and All Devices
Item
Host Adapter SCSI ID
*
Default
7
SCSI Parity Checking
Enabled
Host Adapter SCSI Termination
Enabled
Boot Device Option
0 (zero)
Host Adapter BIOS*
Enabled
Some settings are valid only if the host adapter BIOS is enabled.
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Support Removable Disks under BIOS as Hard Disks
Boot only
Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 GB
Enabled
Display <Ctrl-A> Message During BIOS Initialization
Enabled
Multiple LUN Support
Disabled
BIOS Support for Bootable CD-ROM
Item
BIOS Support for Int13 Extensions
Enabled
Default
Enabled
Support for Ultra SCSI Speed
Disabled
Individual Settings for SCSI Drives
Item
Initiate Sync Negotiation
*
Default
Yes
Maximum Sync Transfer Rate
160MB/sec.
Enable Disconnection
Yes
Send Start Unit SCSI Command*
No
Initiate Wide Negotiation
Yes
Some settings are valid only if the host adapter BIOS is enabled.
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When to Use the SCSISelect™ Utility
Use the SCSI Select utility if you need to do any one of the following:
•
•
•
Change any of the default values listed in the SCSI Controller and All Devices Table.
Check and/or change SCSI device settings that may conflict with those of other devices.
Perform low-level formatting on new SCSI disk devices.
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4.1 Running the SCSISelect™ Utility
A screen message giving the option to access the SCSISelect™ utility appears after the BIOS and
POST routine.
To start the utility, press
system reset:
+ A when the following message appears during power-on or
Press <Ctrl> <A> for SCSISelect Utility!
Your screen may show the key sequence as
Key> instead of
+ A.
+ <Hot
+ A. The correct sequence is
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4.2 Utility Options
When the SCSI Select utility detects that the AIC-7899 SCSI controller is in the system, it displays
the following Options menu:
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
You have an AIC-7899
SCSI host adapter in your system. Move
the cursor to the bus:device:channel of
the one to be configured and
press <Enter>
<F5> - Toggle color/monochrome
Bus:Device:Channel
02:09:A
02:09:B
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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4.2.1 Configuring Channel A
The following screens appear if you select Channel A:
If you choose to configure Channel B, a similar SCSI
Utility Screen will appear. The only difference is the I/O
Port Address:
A000h for Channel A
A400h for Channel B
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel: A
Would you like to configure the host adapter, or run the SCSI disk
utilities? Select the option and press <Enter>. Press <F5> to switch
between color and monochrome modes.
Options
Configure/View Host Adapter Settings
SCSI Disk Utilities
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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and
and then press
Online Manual
to make selections in the SCSISelect™ utility.
Press
at any time to return to the previous menu.
You can press
to toggle the display between color and
monochrome modes.
This feature may not work with some kinds of monitors.
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4.3 Configure/View Host Adapter Settings Menu
The Configure/View Host Adapter Settings menu lists three settings under SCSI Bus Interface
Definitions and three additional options.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7896 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
Host Adapter SCSI ID ………………………………..7
SCSI Parity Checking ………………………………Enabled
Host Adapter SCSI Termination……………………..Enabled
Additional Options
Boot Device Options………….…………………Press <Enter>
SCSI Device Configuration……………………..Press <Enter>
Advanced Configuration Options………………Press <Enter>
BIOS Information
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
I/O Port Address………………………………………...A000h
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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to select a parameter.
possible settings for the parameter.
Press
Press
to display a pop-up menu with a list of
at any time to return to the previous menu.
SCSI controller default settings are marked with an asterisk
(*) throughout the selection submenus.
4.3.1 Host Adapter SCSI ID
This parameter allows you to change the host controller SCSI ID. The following screen shows the
available IDs used for the AIC-7899. The default setting is SCSI ID 7, which has the highest priority
on the SCSI bus. We recommend that you keep the default setting since most system applications
run only in this setting.
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Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
0
1
Host Adapter SCSI ID ………………………………….7
2
SCSI Parity Checking ………………………………...Enabled
3
4
Host Adapter SCSI Termination……………………….Enabled
5
Additional Options
6
*7 …..……….Press <Enter>
Boot Device Options…………………
8
BIOS Information
9
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
10
11
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
Each device on the SCSI bus, including the SCSI controller, must be set to a unique SCSI ID. The
SCSI ID serves two purposes. It uniquely identifies each SCSI device on the bus, and it determines
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the device’s priority on the bus during the arbitration phase. The arbitration phase determines which
device controls the bus when two or more devices request for the use of it.
Using
and
then press
to select the SCSI ID if you need to change it. Press
at any time to return to the previous menu.
4.3.2 SCSI Parity Checking
Select this option to enable or disable the SCSI parity checking function on the SCSI controller.
The screen below displays the selections. The default setting is “Enabled”.
The SCSI controller always checks parity when reading from the SCSI bus to verify the correct
transmission of data from the SCSI devices. You should disable the SCSI Parity Checking
parameter if any of the installed SCSI devices do not support SCSI parity. Most currently available
SCSI devices support this feature.
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Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
Host Adapter SCSI ID …………………………………..7
SCSI Parity Checking ………………………………...Enabled
Host Adapter SCSI Termination………………………..Enabled
* Enabled
Additional Options
Disabled
Boot Device Options…….………………………..Press <Enter>
SCSI Device Configuration………………………Press <Enter>
Advanced Configuration Options………………..Press <Enter>
BIOS Information
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
I/O Port Address………………………………………...A000h
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
Using
and
then press
to select options. Press
at any time to return to the
previous menu.
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4.3.3 Boot Device Options
This parameter shows the target ID of your boot device. The default setting is 0 (zero). We
recommend that you keep the default setting since most system applications run only in this setting.
Below is the Boot Device Configuration menu screen.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
Host Adapter SCSI ID …………………………………7
Boot Device Configuration
Select SCSI peripheral from which to boot.
To view peripheral by ID# select "SCSI Disk Utilities" from previous menu.
Boot Channel…………………………………………..A First
Boot SCSI ID……………………………………………0
------Option Listed Below Has NO EFFECT if MULTI LUN Support is Disabled-----BIOS Information
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
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4.3.4 Boot Channel Options
This parameter lets you choosing boot the system from SCSI channel A or B first. The default
setting is A (zero). We recommend that you keep the default setting since most system applications
run only in this setting. Below is the Boot Device Configuration menu screen.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
Device Configuration ………7
Host Adapter SCSBoot
I ID …………………………
First
Select SCSI peripheral from which to*A
boot.
FirstUtilities" from previous menu.
To view peripheral by ID# select "SCSIBDisk
Boot Channel………………………………………… First
BIOS Information
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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4.3.5 Boot SCSI ID Options
This parameter lets you choosing the SCSI ID of SCSI device to be a boot device. The default
setting is 0 (zero). We recommend that you keep the default setting since most system applications
run only in this setting. Below is the Boot Device Configuration menu screen.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
*
0
1 iguration
Device Conf
Host Adapter SCSI Boot
ID ……………
……………………7
Select SCSI peripheral from which to boot.
2
3
To view peripheral by ID# select "SCSI Disk Utilities"
from previous menu.
4
Boot Channel………………………………………… First
5
BIOS Information
6
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
7
8
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4.3.6 Boot LUN Number Options
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configursation
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
*
0
Boot
Device Configuration
Host Adapter SCSI
ID …………………………………7
1
Select SCSI peripheral from which to boot.
2
To view peripheral by ID# select "SCSI Disk Utilities" from previous menu.
3
Boot Channel………………………………………… First
4
BIOS Information
5
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
6
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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4.3.7 Boot LUN Number
LUN (Logic unit number) can support more devices, like RAID box or RAID card.
4.3.7.1 SCSI Device Configuration
This parameter allows you to configure details of each SCSI device on the SCSI bus. The screen
shows a column of information for each SCSI ID, even if some SCSI IDs are not assigned to a
device. To configure a specific SCSI device, you need to know which SCSI ID it uses. See the
SCSI Disk Utilities later in this section for instructions on how to determine the SCSI ID used by a
device.
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Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
SCSI Device Configuration
SCSI Device ID
#0
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
#7
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sync Transfer Rate (MB/Sec).160.0
160.0
160.0 160.0 160.0
160.0
160.0 160.0
Initiate Wide Negotiation………Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Enable Disconnection………….Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Send Start Unit Command…….Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Enable Write Back Cache…..…N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
-------------Options Listed Below Have NO EFFECT if the BIOS is Disabled------------BIOS Multiple LUN Support…...No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Include in BIOS Scan………..…Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SCSI Device ID
#8
#9
#10
#11
#12
#13
#14
#15
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sync Transfer Rate (MB/Sec)…….80.0
80.0
80.0
80.0 80.0
80.0 80.0 80.0
Initiate Wide Negotiation…………..Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes Yes
Enable Disconnection……………..Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes Yes
Send Start Unit Command………..Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes Yes
Enable Write Back Cache…………N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C
N/C N/C
-------------Options Listed Below Have NO EFFECT if the BIOS is Disabled------------BIOS Multiple LUN Support………..No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Include in BIOS Scan………………Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes Yes
Yes
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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or
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to move between options, then press
to display a pop-up menu with a
list of values.
Using
or
to select a value, then press
.
4.3.7.2 Sync Transfer Rate
This option determines the maximum synchronous data transfer rate that the SCSI controller can
support. The SCSI controller supports rates up to the Fast Wide SCSI maximum of 80.0 MB per
second. The default value is 80.0.
In most cases, you can use the maximum value of 80.0. However, if the SCSI controller is not set
to negotiate data transfer (i.e., Initiate Sync Negotiation is set to No), the value selected here is the
maximum rate that the SCSI controller accepts from the device during negotiation. This is a
standard SCSI protocol.
Some older SCSI-1 devices do not support Fast SCSI
data transfer rates. This may cause the system to
operate erratically or hang if the transfer rate is too high.
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4.3.7.3 Initiate Wide Negotiation
This option allows communication between all devices (lower 8-bit or upper 8-bit) on the wide
(16-bit) SCSI bus. When set to Yes, each device can connect on the bus. When set to No
(disabled), communication can only occur on the lower eight bits of the 16-bit SCSI bus. The default
setting is Yes.
4.3.7.4 Enable Disconnection
This option determines whether the SCSI controller allows a SCSI device to disconnect from the
SCSI bus (sometimes called Disconnect/Reconnect). Disconnect/Reconnect allows the SCSI
controller to perform other operations on the SCSI bus while the SCSI device is temporarily
disconnected.
When set to Yes, the SCSI device may disconnect from the SCSI bus. The SCSI device, however,
may choose not to disconnect, even if permitted by the SCSI controller. When set to No, the SCSI
device is not allowed to disconnect from the SCSI bus. The default setting is Yes.
Keep this item set to Yes if two or more SCSI devices are connected to the SCSI controller. This
can optimize SCSI bus performance. If only one SCSI device is connected to the SCSI controller,
set this item to No to achieve better system performance.
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4.3.7.5 Send Start Unit Command
This option determines whether the Start Unit Command (SCSI command 1B) is sent to the SCSI
device (most devices do not require this). Enabling this item reduces the load on the system power
supply by allowing the SCSI controller to power up SCSI devices one at a time upon booting.
Otherwise, all the devices power up at the same time. Most devices require you to set a jumper
before they can respond to this command.
When set to Yes, the Start Unit Command is sent to the SCSI device at system boot. When set to
No, each SCSI device powers up in the normal procedure.
The Send Start Unit Command setting is valid only if the
host adapter BIOS is enabled.
If this option is enabled for more than one SCSI device, the Start Unit Command is sent first to the
device with the lowest SCSI ID. When this device responds to the SCSI controller, the Start Unit
Command is sent to the next highest SCSI ID with a setting of Yes. The process continues until all
supported devices respond to the SCSI controller.
If many drives are set to Yes for Send Start Unit Command, the boot time varies depending on how
long it takes each drive to spin up.
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4.4 Advanced Configuration Options
Selecting the Advanced Configuration Options displays a screen as shown below. Do not change
the settings of the items under this parameter unless it is absolutely necessary.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Configuration
Advanced Configuration Options
SCSI Bus Interface Definitions
Reset SCSI Bus at IC Initialization………………………………..Enabled
Host Adapter SCSI ID …………………………………7
Display <Ctrl><A> Message During BIOS Initialization………...Enabled
Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 Gbyte…………Enabled
Verbose/Silent Mode………………………………………………..Verbose
------------Options Listed Below Have NO EFFECT if the BIOS is Disabled-----------BIOS Information
Host Adapter BIOS………………………………………………….Enabled
Interrupt (IRQ) Channel………………………………..11
Support Removable Disks Under BIOS as Fixed Disks………...Boot Only
I/O Port Address………………………………………...A000h
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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or to move between options, then press
to display a pop-up menu with a list of
options.
Using
or
to select an option, then press
.
4.4.1 Host Adapter BIOS
This option enables or disables the SCSI controller BIOS. The default setting is Enabled.
The SCSI controller BIOS must be enabled if you want the system to boot from a SCSI hard disk
drive connected to the SCSI controller. Several SCSISelect™ options cannot be used unless the
SCSI controller BIOS is enabled.
4.4.2 Display <Ctrl-A> Message During BIOS Initialization
This option allows entering the SCSISelect™ utility during BIOS initialization. The default setting is
Enabled.
4.4.3 Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 GByte
This option allows you to enable or disable extended translation for SCSI hard disks with a capacity
greater than 1 GB. This is valid only if the SCSI controller BIOS is enabled. The default factory
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setting is Enabled.
When enabled, this option uses the following translation schemes:
•
•
SCSI hard disks < 1 GB use a translation scheme of 64 heads, 32 sectors per track
SCSI hard disks > 1 GB use a translation scheme of 255 heads, 63 sectors per track
See the section Disk Drives Over 1 GB” in this chapter, for
more information on this option. This option should be left
disabled for most operating systems except DOS.
4.4.4 Support Removable Disks Under BIOS as Fixed Disks
This option allows you to control which removable-media drives are supported by the SCSI
controller BIOS. This is only valid when the SCSI controller BIOS is enabled. The default setting is
Boot Only. The following choices are available:
•
Boot Only - Only the removable-media drive designated as the boot device is treated as a
hard disk drive.
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All Disks - All removable-media drives supported by the BIOS are treated as hard disk
drives.
•
Disabled - No removable-media drives are treated as hard disk drives. In this case, software
drivers are needed because the drives are not controlled by BIOS.
Support for removable-media drives means that the SCSI controller BIOS allows use of a
removable-media drive as if it is a hard disk drive. It does not mean that you can remove the disk
media during operation.
If a removable-media SCSI device is controlled by the
SCSI controller BIOS, do not remove the media while the
drive is powered-on or you may lose data!
4.4.5 BIOS Support for Bootable CD-ROM
When enabled, this option allows you to use a bootable CD-ROM device to directly load an
operating system. The default setting is Enabled.
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4.4.6 BIOS Support for Int13 Extensions
This option allows access to attached SCSI devices through BIOS Int13 functions. The default
setting is Enabled.
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4.5 SCSI Disk Utilities
When you select SCSI Disk Utilities from the Options menu, the SCSISelect™ Utility scans the
SCSI bus and lists all SCSI devices installed on the SCSI bus. The list shows the individual SCSI
IDs assigned to each device on the SCSI bus.
Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
Scanning SCSI ID:0 :
LUN Number:0
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
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Adaptec AIC-7899 SCSISelect (TM) Utility v2.10
AIC-7899 at Bus:02h Device:09h Channel:A
Select SCSI Disk and press <Enter>
SCSI ID #0:
No device
SCSI ID #1:
No device
SCSI ID #2:
No device
SCSI ID #3:
No device
SCSI ID #4:
No device
SCSI ID #5:
No device
SCSI ID #6:
No device
Arrow keys to move cursor, <Enter> to select option, <Esc> to exit (*=default)
Select a disk device to display a small menu window.
Verify Media.
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From this menu, select Format Disk or
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to move between options, then press
to display a pop-up menu with a
list of values.
Using
or
to select a value, then press
.
4.5.1 Format Disk
The Format Disk utility performs a low-level format on disk devices.
Most SCSI disk devices are preformatted and do not need to be formatted again. The Adaptec
Format Disk utility is compatible with the vast majority of SCSI disk drives. Run it on hard disk
drives or removable-media drives that were previously used with a non-Adaptec SCSI controller.
A low-level format destroys all data on the drive. Be sure
to back up your data before performing this operation.
You cannot abort a low-level format once it is started.
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4.5.2 Verify Media
The Verify Media utility scans the selected device’s media for defects. If the utility finds bad blocks,
it prompts you to reassign them. If you select Yes, those blocks will no longer be used.
You can press
Media utility.
at any time to abort the Verify Disk
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4.6 Disk Drives Over 1 GByte
4.6.1 Extended Translation
Adaptec SCSI controllers have always supported the full range of disk drive capacities under all
major operating systems. As disk drives have recently grown beyond 1 GB in formatted capacity,
they have run up against the DOS 1024-cylinder limit.
To continue its support for all SCSI disk drive capacities under DOS, Adaptec has included an
extended translation scheme for the AIC-7896 SCSI controllers. This feature supports disk drives of
up to 8 GB capacity under DOS. The section Extended BIOS Translation for DOS Drives > 1 GB
explains how to change the setting of this option. Most operating systems leave this option
disabled.
4.6.2 DOS 1 GByte Limit
All current versions of DOS are limited to 1024 cylinders per drive. The standard translation scheme
for SCSI host controllers, using 64 heads and 32 sectors, gives a maximum capacity of 1 GB.
To eliminate the 1-GB limit, Adaptec’s extended translation feature uses 255 heads and 63 sectors,
extending the disk drive capacity limit under DOS to 8 GB.
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If you have already partitioned a large hard disk drive with
one translation method, conversion to another method
erases the data on the drive. Be sure to back up your disk
drive prior to any change in the translation method.
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4.7 When to Use the Extended Translation
4.7.1 with DOS 5.0 and above
NetWare 386 (version 3.0 and above) and some versions of UNIX that do not share the 1024
cylinder limit of DOS do not require extended translation to support large disk drives and should not
be enabled.
4.7.2 drives with mixed partitions
Use standard translation (not extended translation) on drives formatted with two or more partitions
for different operating systems. Partitions for UNIX and NetWare can be larger than 1 GB when
using standard translation.
4.7.3 Using FDISK
To install a new disk, or to re-partition an existing disk, use the FDISK DOS utility as you normally
would. The cylinder size increases to 8 MB when you enable extended translation. The size of the
partition you request must therefore be a multiple of 8 MB. If you request a partition size that is not
a multiple of 8 MB, FDISK rounds up to the nearest whole multiple of 8 MB.
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Glossary
AC97
Basically, AC97 specification separates sound/modem circuit to two parts, digital processor and a
CODEC for analog I/O they are linked by AC97 link bus. Since digital processor can be put into
motherboard main chipset, the cost of sound/modem onboard solution can be reduced.
ACPI (Advanced Configuration & Power Interface)
ACPI is the power management specification of PC97 (1997). It intends to save more power by
taking full control of power management to operating system and bypass BIOS. The chipset or
super I/O chip needs to provide standard register interface to operating system (such as Windows
98). This is a bit similar as the PnP register interface. ACPI defines ATX momentary soft power
switch to control the power state transition.
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AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port)
AGP is a bus interface targeted for high-performance 3D graphic. AGP supports only memory
read/write operation and single-master single-slave one-to-one only. AGP uses both rising and
falling edge of the 66MHz clock, for 2X AGP, the data transfer rate is 66MHz x 4byte x 2 = 528MB/s.
AGP is now moving to 4X mode, 66MHz x 4byte x 4 = 1056MB/s. AOpen is the first company to
support 4X AGP motherboards by both AX6C (Intel 820) and MX64/AX64 (VIA 694x), started from
Oct 1999.
AM
AMR (Audio/Modem Riser)
The CODEC circuit of AC97 sound/modem solution can be put on motherboard or put on a riser
card (AMR card) that connects to motherboard through AMR connector.
AOpen Bonus Pack CD
A disc bundled with AOpen motherboard product, there are motherboard drivers, Acrobat Reader
for PDF online manual and other useful utilities.
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APM
Unlike ACPI, BIOS controls most APM power management functions. AOpen Suspend to Hard
Drive is a good example of APM power management.
ATA/66
ATA/66 uses both rising edge and falling edge but doubles UDMA/33 transfer rate. The data
transfer rate is 4 times of the PIO mode 4 or DMA mode 2, 16.6MB/s x4 = 66MB/s. To use ATA/66,
you need special ATA/66 IDE cable.
ATA/100
ATA/100 is a new IDE specification under developing. ATA/100 uses both rising edge and falling
edge as ATA/66 but clock cycle time is reduced to 40ns. The data transfer rate is (1/40ns) x 2 bytes
x 2 = 100MB/s. To use ATA/100, you need special 80-wire IDE cable, the same as ATA/66.
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BIOS (Basic Input/Output System)
BIOS is a set of assembly routine/program that reside in EPROM or Flash ROM. BIOS controls
Input/output devices and other hardware devices of motherboard. In general, to provide hardware
independent portability, operation system and drivers is required to access BIOS without directly
access hardware devices.
Bus Master IDE (DMA mode)
The traditional PIO (Programmable I/O) IDE requires the CPU to involve in all the activities of the
IDE access including waiting for the mechanical events. To reduce the workload of the CPU, the
bus master IDE device transfers data from/to memory without interrupting CPU, and releases CPU
to operate concurrently while data is transferring between memory and IDE device. You need the
bus master IDE driver and the bus master IDE HDD to support bus master IDE mode.
CODEC (Coding and Decoding)
Normally, CODEC means a circuit that can do digital to analog conversion and also the analog to
digital conversion. It is part of AC97 sound/modem solution.
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DIMM (Dual In Line Memory Module)
DIMM socket has total 168-pin and supports 64-bit data. It can be single or double side, the golden
finger signals on each side of PCB are different, that is why it was called Dual In Line. Almost all
DIMMs are made by SDRAM, which operate at 3.3V. Note that some old DIMMs are made by
FPM/EDO and only operate at 5V. Do not confuse them with SDRAM DIMM.
ECC (Error Checking and Correction)
The ECC mode needs 8 ECC bits for 64-bit data. Each time memory is accessed, ECC bits are
updated and checked by a special algorithm. The ECC algorithm has the ability to detect double-bit
error and automatically correct single-bit error while parity mode can only detect single-bit error.
EDO (Extended Data Output) Memory
The EDO DRAM technology is actually very similar to FPM (Fast Page Mode). Unlike traditional
FPM that tri-states the memory output data to start the pre-charge activity, EDO DRAM holds the
memory data valid until the next memory access cycle, that is similar to pipeline effect and reduces
one clock state.
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EEPROM (Electronic Erasable Programmable ROM)
Also known as E2PROM. Both EEPROM and Flash ROM can be re-programmed by electronic
signals, but the interface technology is different. Size of EEPROM is much smaller than flash ROM,
AOpen motherboard uses EEPROM for jumper-less and battery-less design.
EPROM (Erasable Programmable ROM)
Traditional motherboard stores BIOS code in EPROM. EPROM can only be erased by ultra-violet
(UV) light. If BIOS has to be upgraded, you need to remove EPROM from motherboard, clear by
UV light, re-program, and then insert back.
EV6 Bus
EV6 Bus in the technology of Alpha processor from Digital Equipment Corporation. EV6 bus uses
both rising and falling clock edge to transfer data, similar as DDR SDRAM or ATA/66 IDE bus.
EV6 Bus Speed = CPU external bus clock x 2.
For example, 200 MHz EV6 bus is actually using 100 MHz external bus clock, but the equivalent
speed is 200 MHz.
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FCC DoC (Declaration of Conformity)
The DoC is component certification standard of FCC EMI regulations. This standard allows DIY
component (such as motherboard) to apply DoC label separately without a shielding of housing.
FC-PGA
FC means Flip Chip, FC-PGA is a new package of Intel for Pentium III CPU. It can plug into
SKT370 socket, but require motherboard to add some signals on socket 370. That is, the
motherboard needs to be redesigned. Intel is going to ship FC-PGA 370 CPU and phase out slot1
CPU.
Flash ROM
Flash ROM can be re-programmed by electronic signals. It is easier for BIOS to upgrade by a flash
utility, but it is also easier to be infected by virus. Because of increase of new functions, BIOS size
is increased from 64KB to 256KB (2M bit). AOpen AX5T is the first board to implement 256KB
(2Mbit) Flash ROM. Now flash ROM size is moving to 4M bit on AX6C (Intel 820) and MX3W (Intel
810) motherboard.
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FSB (Front Side Bus) Clock
FSB Clock means CPU external bus clock.
CPU internal clock = CPU FSB Clock x CPU Clock Ratio
I2C Bus
See SMBus.
P1
P1394
P1394 (IEEE 1394) is a standard of high-speed serial peripheral bus. Unlike low or medium speed
USB, P1394 supports 50 to 1000Mbit/s and can be used for video camera, disk and LAN.
Parity Bit
The parity mode uses 1 parity bit for each byte, normally it is even parity mode, that is, each time
the memory data is updated, parity bit will be adjusted to have even count "1" for each byte. When
next time, if memory is read with odd number of "1", the parity error is occurred and this is called
single bit error detection.
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PBSRAM (Pipelined Burst SRAM)
For Socket 7 CPU, one burst data read requires four QWord (Quad-word, 4x16 = 64 bits). PBSRAM
only needs one address decoding time and automatically sends the remaining QWords to CPU
according to a predefined sequence. Normally, it is 3-1-1-1, total 6 clocks, which is faster than
asynchronous SRAM. PBSRAM is often used on L2 (level 2) cache of Socket 7 CPU. Slot 1 and
Socket 370 CPU do not need PBSRAM.
PC100 DIMM
SDRAM DIMM that supports 100MHz CPU FSB bus clock.
PC133 DIMM
SDRAM DIMM that supports 133MHz CPU FSB bus clock.
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PDF Format
A file format for electronic document, PDF format is independent from platform, you can read PDF
file under Windows, Unix, Linux, Mac … with different PDF reader. You can also read PDF file by
web browser such as IE and Netscape, note that you need to install PDF plug-in first (Included in
Acrobat Reader).
PnP (Plug and Play)
The PnP specification suggests a standard register interface for both BIOS and operating system
(such as Windows 95). These registers are used by BIOS and operating system to configure
system resource and prevent any conflicts. The IRQ/DMA/Memory will be automatically allocated
by PnP BIOS or operating system. Currently, almost all the PCI cards and most ISA cards are
already PnP compliant.
POST (Power-On Self Test)
The BIOS self test procedure after power-on, sometimes, it is the first or the second screen shown
on your monitor during system boot.
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RDRAM (Rambus DRAM)
Rambus is a memory technology that uses large burst mode data transfer. Theoretically, the data
transfer should be high than SDRAM. RDRAM is cascaded in channel operation. For Intel 820, only
one RDRAM channel is supported, 16-bit data per channel, and this channel may have maximum
32 RDRAM devices, no matter how many RIMM sockets.
RIMM
184-pin memory module that supports RDRAM memory technology. A RIMM memory module may
contain up to maximum of 16 RDRAM devices.
SDRAM (Synchronous DRAM)
SDRAM is one of the DRAM technologies that allows DRAM to use the same clock as the CPU
host bus (EDO and FPM are asynchronous and do not have clock signal). It is similar as PBSRAM
to use burst mode transfer. SDRAM comes in 64-bit 168-pin DIMM and operates at 3.3V. AOpen is
the first company to support dual-SDRAM DIMMs onboard (AP5V), from Q1 1996
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SIMM (Single In Line Memory Module)
SIMM socket is only 72-pin, and is only single side. The golden finger signals on each side of PCB
are identical. That is why it was called Single In Line. SIMM is made by FPM or EDO DRAM and
supports 32-bit data. SIMM had been phased out on current motherboard design.
SMBus (System Management Bus)
SMBus is also called I2C bus. It is a two-wire bus developed for component communication
(especially for semiconductor IC). For example, set clock of clock generator for jumper-less
motherboard. The data transfer rate of SMBus is only 100Kbit/s, it allows one host to communicate
with CPU and many masters and slaves to send/receive message.
SPD (Serial Presence Detect)
SPD is a small ROM or EEPROM device resided on the DIMM or RIMM. SPD stores memory
module information such as DRAM timing and chip parameters. SPD can be used by BIOS to
decide best timing for this DIMM or RIMM.
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Ultra DMA/33
Unlike traditional PIO/DMA mode, which only uses the rising edge of IDE command signal to
transfer data. UDMA/33 uses both rising edge and falling edge, the data transfer rate is double of
the PIO mode 4 or DMA mode 2.
16.6MB/s x2 = 33MB/s
USB (Universal Serial Bus)
USB is a 4-pin serial peripheral bus that is capable of cascading low/medium speed peripherals
(less than 10Mbit/s) such as keyboard, mouse, joystick, scanner, printer and modem. With USB, the
traditional complex cables from back panel of your PC can be eliminated.
VCM (Virtual Channel Memory)
NEC’s Virtual Channel Memory (VCM) is a new DRAM core architecture that dramatically improves
the memory system’s ability to service multimedia requirements. VCM increases memory bus
efficiency and performance of any DRAM technology by providing a set of fast static registers
between the memory core and I/O pins. Using VCM technology results in reduced data access
latency and reduced power consumption.
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ZIP file
A compressed file format to reduce file size. To unzip file, run shareware PKUNZIP
(http://www.pkware.com/) for DOS and other operating system or WINZIP (http://www.winzip.com/)
for windows environment.
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Troubleshooting
Start
Turn off the power and unplug the AC power cable, then remove
ove all of the add-on
cards and cables, including VGA, IDE, FDD, COM1, COM2 and printer.
Make sure if all jumper settings are correct.
Next
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Continue
Install the VGA card. Then connect your monitor and keyboard.
Turn on the power
Yes
and check if the power
supply and CPU fan work
properly.
No
The problem is probably caused by
power supply or motherboard failure.
Please contact your reseller or local
distributor for repairing.
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No
Check if there is display?
Perhaps your VGA card
or monitor is defective.
Yes
Press <Ctrl> and <Alt> key at the same time, hold them
and then press <Del> to reboot the system.
No
Check if the system
reboots?
It is very possible that your
keyboard is defective.
Yes
Next
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Continue
During system rebooting, press <Del> to enter BIOS setup.
Choose “Load Setup Default”.
Turn off the system and re-connect IDE cable.
Check if the system can
reboot successfully?
No
The problem should be
caused by the IDE cable
or HDD itself.
Yes
Re-install operatiing system such as Windows 98.
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Technical Support
Dear Customer,
Thanks for choosing AOpen products. To provide the best and fastest service to our customer is our
first priority. However, we receive numerous emails and phone-calls worldwide everyday, it is very
hard for us to serve everyone on time. We recommend you follow the procedures below and seek
help before contact us. With your help, we can then continue to provide the best quality service to
more customers.
Thanks very much for your understanding!
AOpen Technical Supporting Team
1
2
Online Manual: Please check the manual carefully and make sure the jumper
settings and installation procedure are correct.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/download/manual/default.htm
Test Report: We recommend to choose board/card/device from the compatibility test
reports for assembling your PC.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/report/default.htm
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3
FAQ: The latest FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) may contain a solution to your
4
Download Software: Check out this table to get the latest updated BIOS/utility and
5
News Group: Your problem probably had been answered by our support engineer or
6
Contact Distributors/Resellers: We sell our products through resellers and
problem.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/faq/default.htm
drivers.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/download/default.htm
professional users on the news group.
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/newsgrp/default.htm
integrators. They should know your system configuration very well and should be
able to solve your problem more efficiently than us. After all, their attitude of service
is an important reference for you if next time you want to buy something else from
them.
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Contact Us: Please prepare detail system configuration and error symptom before
contacting us. The part number, serial number and BIOS version are also very
helpful.
Part Nu
mber and Serial Number
um
The Part Number and Serial number are printed on bar code label. You can find this bar code label
on the outside packing, on ISA/CPU slot or on component side of PCB. For example:
P/N: 91.88110.201 is part number, S/N: 91949378KN73 is serial number.
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Product Registration
Thank you for choosing AOpen product. AOpen encourages you to spend few minutes in
completing the following product registration. To register your product will ensure the high quality of
services from AOpen. After the registration, you will:
• Have opportunities to play online slot machine and win a prize from AOpen by
accumulating your bonuses for later prize exchange.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Be upgraded to gold membership of Club AOpen program.
Receive email notification about product safety alerts. Its purpose is to alert consumers
quickly and conveniently when products contain technical issues.
Receive email notification about latest product's announcements.
Be able to personalize your AOpen web pages.
Receive e-mail notification about latest BIOS/Driver/Software release information.
Have opportunities to participate special product promotional programs.
Enjoy higher service priority to receive technical assistance provided by AOpen specialists
worldwide.
• Be able to join the discussions of web-based news groups.
AOpen makes sure that the information you provide is encrypted, so that it cannot be read or
intercepted by other people or companies. Further, AOpen will not disclose any of information you
submitted under any conditions. Please consult our online privacy policy for further information on
our company policy.
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How to Contact Us
Please do not hesitate contact us if you have any problem about our products. Any opinion will be
appreciated.
Pacific Rim
AOpen Inc.
Tel: 886-2-2696-1333
Fax: 886-2-8691-2233
Europe
AOpen Computer b.v.
Tel: 31-73-645-9516
Fax: 31-73-645-9604
China
Germany
AOpen Computer
GmbH.
Tel: 49-2102-157700
Fax: 49-2102-157799
艾尔鹏国际上海(股)有限公司
Tel: 49-2102-157700
Fax: 49-2102-157799
America
AOpen America Inc.
Tel: 1-510-498-8928
Fax: 1-408-922-2935,
1-408-432-0496
Web Site: http://www.aopen.com.tw
E-mail: Send us email by going through the contact form below.
English
http://www.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techusa.htm
Japanese
http://aojp.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techjp.htm
Chinese
http://w3.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techtw.htm
German
http://www.aopencom.de/tech/contact/techde.htm
French
http://aofr.aopen.com.tw/tech/contact/techfr.htm
Simplified Chinese http://www.aopen.com.cn/tech/contact/techcn.htm
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