m_windsonic

m_windsonic
WindSonic Two-Dimensional
Sonic Anemometer
Revision: 8/13
C o p y r i g h t © 2 0 0 4 - 2 0 1 3
C a m p b e l l S c i e n t i f i c , I n c .
Warranty
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Table of Contents
PDF viewers: These page numbers refer to the printed version of this document. Use the
PDF reader bookmarks tab for links to specific sections.
1. Introduction .................................................................1
2. Cautionary Statements...............................................1
3. Initial Inspection .........................................................2
3.1
Ships With............................................................................................2
4. Quickstart ....................................................................2
4.1
4.2
4.3
Siting ....................................................................................................2
Mount the Sensor .................................................................................2
Use Short Cut Program Generator for Windows (SCWin) to
Program Datalogger and Generate Wiring Diagram.........................4
5. Overview......................................................................7
6. Specifications .............................................................8
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
Wind Direction.....................................................................................8
Wind Speed ..........................................................................................8
General Specifications .........................................................................8
Campbell Scientific Factory Default Settings for the WindSonic1......9
7. Operation ...................................................................10
7.1
7.2
Sensor Configuration .........................................................................10
Wiring ................................................................................................11
7.2.1 Serial Wiring (COMn) ................................................................11
7.2.2 Serial Wiring (SDM-SIO1) .........................................................11
7.2.3 SDI-12 Wiring ............................................................................12
7.3
Datalogger Programming for RS-232 Output ....................................12
7.3.1 Example CR1000 Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic1 using COMn Port................................................13
7.3.2 Example CR1000 Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic1 using an SDM-SIO1 ...........................................14
7.4
Datalogger Programming for SDI-12 Output.....................................15
7.4.1 Example CR10X (Edlog) Datalogger Program for Measuring
a WindSonic4 ..........................................................................17
7.4.2 Example CR200(X) Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic4 .............................................................................20
7.4.3 Example CR800 Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic4 .............................................................................21
i
Table of Contents
7.5
Changing the SDI-12 Address Using LoggerNet and a Datalogger .. 22
7.5.1 Array-Based Edlog Dataloggers................................................. 22
7.5.2 Table-Based Edlog Dataloggers ................................................. 24
7.5.3 CR200(X)-series Datalogger...................................................... 25
8. Maintenance ..............................................................26
9. Diagnostic Codes......................................................27
10. Siting References......................................................28
Appendices
A. WindSonic Orientation ...........................................A-1
A.1
A.2
Determining True North and Sensor Orientation ............................ A-1
Online Magnetic Declination Calculator ......................................... A-3
B. Updating an Older Program for Measuring a
WindSonic1 With the New Settings.....................B-1
Figures
4-1.
6-1.
7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
A-1.
A-2.
A-3.
A-4.
WindSonic mounted on a CM202 using pn 17837.............................. 3
White dot indicating that the WindSonic1 has the newer settings..... 10
SDI-12 Transparent Mode on an Edlog array-based datalogger
(CR10X) using control port 8 and changing the SDI-12 address
from 0 to 1 ..................................................................................... 23
SDI-12 Transparent Mode on an Edlog table-based datalogger
using control port 8 and changing the SDI-12 address from
0 to 1 .............................................................................................. 25
SDI-12 Transparent Mode on a CRBasic CR200(X)-series
datalogger using control port C1/SDI12 and changing the
SDI-12 address from 0 to 1............................................................ 26
Magnetic declination for the conterminous United States (2004) ... A-1
A declination angle east of True North (positive) is subtracted
from 360 (0) degrees to find True North...................................... A-2
A declination angle west of True North (negative) is subtracted
from 0 (360) degrees to find True North...................................... A-2
NOAA web calculator ..................................................................... A-3
Tables
7-1.
7-2.
7-3.
7-4.
7-5.
7-6.
7-7.
WindSonic1 Output Frequencies....................................................... 10
WindSonic1 to Datalogger Connections ........................................... 11
WindSonic1 to SDM-SIO1 Connections........................................... 11
WindSonic4 to Datalogger Connections ........................................... 12
CRBasic Datalogger Operating Systems that Support RS-232
Communications and SerialInRecord().......................................... 13
Wiring for CR1000 Example Program .............................................. 13
Wiring for CR1000/SDM-SIO1 Program Example........................... 14
ii
Table of Contents
7-8.
7-9.
WindSonic Data Format Option.........................................................15
Datalogger Operating Systems that Support the SDI-12 “aRo!”
Command .......................................................................................16
7-10. Wiring for CR10(X) Program Example .............................................17
7-11. Wiring for CR200(X) Program Example ...........................................20
7-12. Wiring for CR800 Program Example.................................................21
9-1. Gill WindSonic Diagnostic Codes .....................................................27
9-2. Example Datalogger Program Diagnostic Codes ...............................27
iii
Table of Contents
iv
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic
Anemometer
1.
Introduction
The WindSonic1 and WindSonic4 are two-dimensional ultrasonic anemometers
for measuring wind speed and wind direction. They provide an alternative to
traditional mechanical cup and vane or propeller and vane anemometers. Unlike
mechanical anemometers, there are no moving parts to be periodically replaced—
minimizing routine maintenance costs. These two-dimensional anemometers are
manufactured by Gill Instruments, Ltd.
The WindSonic1 and WindSonic4 differ in their output signal. The WindSonic1
outputs an RS-232 signal that can be read by the CR800, CR850, CR1000, or
CR3000 dataloggers. The WindSonic4 outputs an SDI-12 signal that can be read
by the CR200(X)-series, CR510, CR10X, CR800, CR850, CR1000, CR3000, or
CR5000 dataloggers.
Before installing the WindSonic, please study
•
•
•
2.
Section 2, Cautionary Statements
Section 3, Initial Inspection
Section 4, Quickstart
Cautionary Statements
•
The WindSonic is a precision instrument. Please handle it with care.
•
If the WindSonic is to be installed at heights over 2 m (6 ft), be familiar
with tower safety and follow safe tower climbing procedures.
•
DANGER—Use extreme care when working near overhead electrical
wires. Check for overhead wires before mounting the WindSonic or
before raising a tower.
•
WindSonic1’s default settings were changed in February 2013.
WindSonic1s with newer settings will not work with older programs and
Short Cut 3.0 or older. See Section 6.4, Campbell Scientific Factory
Default Settings for the WindSonic1, and Appendix B for more
information.
•
Communications between the WindSonic1 and the datalogger will most
likely fail if its cable is extended beyond 50 feet.
•
For the WindSonic4, the maximum cable length tested by Gill is 91 m
(300 ft). The SDI-12 standard specifies that an SDI-12 sensor must be
able to use at least 61 m (200 ft) of signal cable. Greater SDI-12 cable
lengths are acceptable.
1
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
•
3.
The black outer jacket of the cable is Santoprene® rubber. This
compound was chosen for its resistance to temperature extremes, moisture,
and UV degradation. However, this jacket will support combustion in air.
It is rated as slow burning when tested according to U.L. 94 H.B. and will
pass FMVSS302. Local fire codes may preclude its use inside buildings.
Initial Inspection
3.1
•
Upon receipt of the WindSonic, inspect the packaging and contents for
damage. File damage claims with the shipping company. Immediately
check package contents against the shipping documentation (see Section
3.1, Ships With). Contact Campbell Scientific about any discrepancies.
•
The model number and cable length are printed on a label at the
connection end of the cable. Check this information against the shipping
documents to ensure the expected product and cable length are received.
Ships With
The WindSonic is shipped with the ResourceDVD and a mounting kit (pn
17387). The mounting kit includes a 34.93 cm (13.75 inch) length of tubing
(pn 17386), three #6-32 x 0.375 inch pan head screws (pn 505), and a Right
Angle Mounting Kit (pn CM220).
4.
Quickstart
4.1
Siting
Locate the WindSonic away from obstructions such as trees and buildings.
The distance between wind sensors and the nearest obstruction should be ten
times the height of the obstruction. If it is necessary to mount the WindSonic
on the roof of a building, the height of the sensor, above the roofline, should be
at least 1.5 times the height of the building. See Section 10, Siting References,
for a list of references that discuss siting wind direction and speed sensors.
4.2
Mount the Sensor
The WindSonic is mounted using the components of the 17387 Mounting Pipe
Kit, which is shipped with the WindSonic (see Section 3.1, Ships With).
2
1.
Thread the connector end of the cable through the tubing; start at the end
without the three threaded holes.
2.
Attach the female mating connector on the cable to the male mating
connector located on the bottom of the WindSonic.
3.
Secure the WindSonic to the tubing using the three #6-32 x 0.375-inch pan
head screws (pn 505).
4.
Attach the tubing to a CM202, CM204, or CM206 crossarm via the
CM220 Right Angle Mounting Kit (see FIGURE 4-1).
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
5.
Mount the crossarm to the tripod or tower.
6.
Orient the WindSonic so that the colored North marker arrows point to
True North (see FIGURE 4-1). Appendix A contains detailed information
on determining True North using a compass and the magnetic declination
for the site.
Colored
North
Marker
Arrows
Pointing
North
FIGURE 4-1. WindSonic mounted on a CM202 using pn 17837
7.
Route the sensor cable along the underside of the crossarm to the tripod or
tower, and to the instrument enclosure.
8.
Secure the cable to the crossarm and tripod or tower using cable ties.
3
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
4.3
Use Short Cut Program Generator for Windows (SCWin)
to Program Datalogger and Generate Wiring Diagram
The simplest method for programming the datalogger to measure the
WindSonic is to use Campbell Scientific’s SCWin. This section provides
information about using Short Cut with the WindSonic4. See Section 7,
Operation, for WindSonic1 programming information and additional
WindSonic4 programming information.
4
1.
Open Short Cut and click on New Program.
2.
Select the datalogger and enter the scan interval.
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
3.
Select WindSonic4 (SDI-12) Two Dimensional Ultrasonic Wind Sensor
and select the right arrow (in center of screen) to add it to the list of
sensors to be measured then select next.
4.
Define the name of the public variables and SDI-12 Address. Variables
default to WindDir, WS_ms, and WSDiag that hold the wind direction
measurements, wind speed measurements, and diagnostic code. The SDI12 Address defaults to 0. Select the desired units of measurement for the
wind speed. Units default to meters/seconds.
5
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
6
5.
Select the outputs and then select finish.
6.
Wire according to the wiring diagram generated by SCWin Short Cut.
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
5.
Overview
The WindSonic is an ultrasonic anemometer for measuring wind direction and
wind speed. It uses two pairs of orthogonally oriented transducers to sense
horizontal wind. The transducers bounce the ultrasonic signal from a hood,
minimizing the effects of transducer shadowing and flow distortion.
Detailed information on the Gill WindSonic is available in the manual
published by Gill Instruments, Ltd. and can be found at
www.gill.co.uk/products/anemometer/windsonic.htm. This manual serves as a
guide for interfacing the WindSonic to Campbell Scientific dataloggers. The
WindSonic is available in two versions. Option 1 WindSonic (WindSonic1)
outputs data using the RS-232 interface. Option 4 WindSonic (WindSonic4)
outputs data using the SDI-12 interface.
The WindSonic1 connects to the control/serial ports (COMn) of a CR800series, CR1000, or CR3000 datalogger. Two control ports make a COMn
serial port; for example, Port 1 and 2 are COM1. A maximum of four
WindSonic1 anemometers can be connected to a single CR1000 or CR3000
datalogger, while two can be connected to the CR800-series control ports
(COMn). Additional WindSonic1 anemometers can be interfaced using the
SDM-SIO1. Campbell Scientific does not recommend using the CR200(X)series, CR5000, or any of the Edlog dataloggers with the WindSonic1 because
of their limited serial support using the control ports.
Campbell Scientific recommends that the WindSonic4, SDI-12 interface, be
used with CR200(X)-series, CR510, CR10X, CR23X, or CR5000 dataloggers.
SDI-12 is a three-wire digital interface standard used by processor-based
sensors and digital recording devices. The CR800-series, CR1000, and
CR3000 dataloggers also support the SDI-12 interface.
The WindSonic includes a user-specified cable to interface to a Campbell
Scientific datalogger. The WindSonic’s cable can terminate in:
•
•
Pigtails that connect directly to a Campbell Scientific datalogger
(option ─PT).
Connector that attaches to a prewired enclosure (option ─PW). Refer
to www.campbellsci.com/prewired-enclosures for more information.
A serial cable (WINDSONICRCBL-L) is available for interfacing a
WindSonic1 or WindSonic4 to a PC running Gill’s PC support software. The
cable and software are used during troubleshooting or to change settings in the
WindSonic1 for a specific application. A copy of Gill’s PC support software is
available at www.gill.co.uk/main/software.html. WindView is used for
WindSonics with serial numbers of 0810001 or greater, and WindCom is used
for WindSonics with serial numbers that are less than 0810001.
7
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
6.
Specifications
Features:
•
•
Low maintenance—no moving parts significantly reduces
maintenance cost and time
Minimum detectable wind speed of 0.01 meters per second
Compatible Dataloggers:
6.1
6.2
6.3
8
CR200(X) series (WindSonic4 only)
CR800 series
CR1000
CR3000
CR5000 (WindSonic4 only)
CR510 (WindSonic4 only)
CR10X (WindSonic4 only)
CR23X (WindSonic4 only)
Wind Direction
Operating Range:
0 to 359° (no dead band)
Accuracy:
±3°
Output Resolution:
1°
Wind Speed
Operating Range:
0 to 60 m s–1
Accuracy:
±2% @ 12 m s–1
Output Resolution:
0.01 m s–1
General Specifications
Output Signal:
RS-232 (WindSonic1)
SDI-12 version 1.3 (WindSonic4); address
factory set to 0
Output Variables:
wind direction, wind speed, and diagnostic or
ux, uy, and diagnostic (WindSonic4 only)
Measurement Frequency:
40 Hz block averaged to a programmable
output frequency, factory set to 1 Hz
Current Drain:
~15 mA continuous (WindSonic1)
<12 mA @ 12 V (WindSonic4)
Operating Temperature:
–35º to +70ºC
Storage Temperature:
–40° to +80°C
Dimensions:
142 x 160 mm (5.6 x 6.3 in)
Weight:
500 g (1.1 lb)
Operating Humidity:
<5% to 100% RH
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
6.4
Campbell Scientific Factory Default Settings for the
WindSonic1
The default settings for the WindSonic1 were changed in February 2013 to
improve operation in cold temperatures. Sensors with the newer settings have
a white dot next to the connector on the underside of the sensor (see FIGURE
6-1). They also include both a yellow and a white heat shrink label on the
cable; older sensors included two white heat shrink labels.
CAUTION
•
Continuous polar wind (M2)
•
Wind speed in m s–1 (U1)
•
Field formatted, comma separated values (O1) [changed in February 2013]
•
Terminate records with a carriage return and line feed (L1)
•
1 Hz output frequency (P1)
•
Baud rate – 9600 baud (B3) [changed in February 2013]
•
Power up message (H1) [changed in February 2013]
•
Address set to “Q” (NQ)
•
Data bits and parity — 8 bits, no parity (F1)
•
RS-232 interface (E3)
•
Analog output 0 to 5 Vdc (T1) — does not apply
•
Analogy range 0 to 30 m s–1 (S4) — does not apply
•
Analog wrap around 0 to 360 degrees (C2) — does not apply
•
Minimum direction velocity (K50)
WindSonic1s with the newer default settings will not work with
older programs or Short Cut 3.0 or older. Appendix B provides
information about updating an older program for a WindSonic1
with the newer settings.
9
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
White Dot
FIGURE 6-1. White dot indicating that the WindSonic1 has the newer
settings
7.
Operation
7.1
Sensor Configuration
In order to best mimic a mechanical anemometer, the WindSonic’s output
frequency must match the datalogger’s scan frequency. The factory setting for
the WindSonic1 and WindSonic4 is 1 Hz; for example, 1 output per second.
The data output frequency of the WindSonic4 cannot be changed.
The data output frequency of the WindSonic1 can be set to five discrete values
(see TABLE 7-1) using Gill’s PC support software and the RS-232 WindSonic
to PC cable.
TABLE 7-1. WindSonic1
Output Frequencies
10
Output
Frequency (Hz)
Seconds
Per Output (s)
4
0.25
2
0.5
1
1
0.5
2
0.25
4
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
7.2
Wiring
7.2.1 Serial Wiring (COMn)
CRBasic dataloggers (CR800 series, CR1000, and CR3000) support serial
communications with dedicated UART hardware on the datalogger control
ports. Two control ports can be configured as a single communications
(COMn) port. The WindSonic1 serial interface uses four wires as shown in
TABLE 7-2.
TABLE 7-2. WindSonic1 to Datalogger Connections
NOTE
Description
Color
CRBasic Datalogger
WindSonic RxD
Green
COMn Tx
WindSonic TxD
White
COMn Rx
Power
Red
12 Vdc
Serial/power reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
The maximum cable length that can be used with a RS-232
interface depends on the baud rate, the nominal resistance of the
wire, the capacitance between conductors, and the capacitance
between the conductors and the shield. According to the
Electronic Industries Association RS-232D standard, a rough
rule of thumb is to limit RS-232 cable lengths to 15.24 m (50
feet) or less at 9600 baud.
7.2.2 Serial Wiring (SDM-SIO1)
CRBasic dataloggers support serial communications using the SDM-SIO1
peripheral. The SDM-SIO1 converts RS-232 signals into Synchronous Device
for Measurements (SDM). SDM is a Campbell Scientific digital
communications protocol used between Campbell Scientific dataloggers and
SDM peripherals. At a 1 Hz measurement rate, a maximum of 4 WindSonic1s
can be measured by a datalogger. TABLE 7-3 describes the connections
between a WindSonic1 and SDM-SIO1.
TABLE 7-3. WindSonic1 to SDM-SIO1 Connections
Description
Color
SDM-SIO1
WindSonic RxD
Green
TX-Z
WindSonic TxD
White
RX-A
Power
Red
+12V
Serial/power reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
11
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
7.2.3 SDI-12 Wiring
The WindSonic4 interfaces to a Campbell Scientific datalogger using SDI-12.
SDI-12 is a three-wire interface used between processor-based sensors and
digital recorders (TABLE 7-4). Each SDI-12 sensor has a unique address. The
factory-set address for the WindSonic is 0. To change the SDI-12 address, see
Section 7.5, Changing the SDI-12 Address Using LoggerNet and a Datalogger,
for wiring and programming. At a 1 Hz measurement rate, a maximum of 4
WindSonic4s can be measured by a datalogger.
TABLE 7-4. WindSonic4 to Datalogger Connections
7.3
Description
Color
Datalogger
SDI-12 data
Green
SDI-12 Input or Control Port
SDI-12 power
Red
12 Vdc
SDI-12 reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
Datalogger Programming for RS-232 Output
The WindSonic1 updates the RS-232 output to a user-set frequency. The
CRBasic dataloggers (CR800-series, CR1000, and CR3000) use the
SerialInRecord() instruction to retrieve the latest record sent by the
WindSonic1 at the scan interval. This ensures that the most current wind data
is available for use by the program.
The datalogger and WindSonic1 each use their own internal clocks. These
clocks are not perfectly synchronized with each other and will drift in and out
of phase. This phase drift could cause missed samples because no new data
was transmitted to the datalogger in time for the next scan. The programs in
this manual record the number of missed records as no new data (nnd_TOT).
A no new data error will occur if the WindSonic is disconnected from the serial
port, the WindSonic has no power, or the datalogger and WindSonic clocks
have drifted out of phase by one cycle.
Early versions of the datalogger operating system (OS) did not support serial
communication using control ports or the instruction SerialInRecord(). It may
be necessary to update the datalogger OS. TABLE 7-5 lists the OS versions
that support both serial communications using control ports and the
SerialInRecord(). The most current datalogger operating systems are
available on the Campbell Scientific website in the Support|Downloads section.
12
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
TABLE 7-5. CRBasic Datalogger Operating
Systems that Support RS-232
Communications and SerialInRecord()
Datalogger Model
Operating System
CR800-series
4.0 or later
CR1000
13.0 or later
CR3000
6.0 or later
7.3.1 Example CR1000 Datalogger Program for Measuring a WindSonic1
using COMn Port
TABLE 7-6. Wiring for CR1000 Example Program
Description
Color
CR1000
WindSonic RxD
Green
COM1 Tx (C1)
WindSonic TxD
White
COM1 Rx (C2)
Power
Red
+12 Vdc
RS-232/Power reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim windsonic(4) As String
Public nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Public wind_direction
Public wind_speed
Public diag
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
DataTable (stats,TRUE,-1)
DataInterval (0,30,Min,10)
WindVector (1,wind_speed,wind_direction,IEEE4,disable_flg,0,0,0)
FieldNames ("mean_wind_speed,mean_wind_direction,std_wind_dir")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,disable_flg)
FieldNames ("samples_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>1)
FieldNames ("diag_1_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>2)
FieldNames ("diag_2_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>4)
FieldNames ("diag_4_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>8)
FieldNames ("diag_8_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>9)
FieldNames ("diag_9_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>10)
13
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
FieldNames ("diag_10_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd<>0)
FieldNames ("nnd_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd<>0 IMP checksum_flg)
FieldNames ("checksum_err_TOT")
EndTable
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (Com1,9600,3,0,108)
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Get data from WindSonic.
SerialInRecord (Com1,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,01)
SplitStr (windsonic(),in_bytes_str,",",4,4) 'Split the string and convert to floats.
wind_direction = windsonic(1)
wind_speed = windsonic(2)
diag = windsonic(4)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Right (in_bytes_str,2))) EQV (CheckSum (in_bytes_str,9,Len (in_bytes_str)-3)) )
disable_flg = ( NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytes_rtrnd=0) OR (diag<>0) )
CallTable stats
NextScan
EndProg
7.3.2 Example CR1000 Datalogger Program for Measuring a WindSonic1
using an SDM-SIO1
TABLE 7-7. Wiring for CR1000/SDM-SIO1
Program Example
Description
Color
CR1000
WindSonic RxD
Green
TX-Z
WindSonic TxD
White
RX-A
Power
Red
+12 Vdc
RS-232/Power reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
'CR1000 Series Datalogger
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim windsonic(4) As String
Public nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Public wind_direction
Public wind_speed
Public diag
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
DataTable (stats,TRUE,-1)
DataInterval (0,30,Min,10)
WindVector (1,wind_speed,wind_direction,IEEE4,disable_flg,0,0,0)
FieldNames ("mean_wind_speed,mean_wind_direction,std_wind_dir")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,disable_flg)
FieldNames ("samples_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>1)
FieldNames ("diag_1_TOT")
14
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>2)
FieldNames ("diag_2_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>4)
FieldNames ("diag_4_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>8)
FieldNames ("diag_8_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>9)
FieldNames ("diag_9_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,diag<>10)
FieldNames ("diag_10_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd<>0)
FieldNames ("nnd_TOT")
Totalize (1,n,IEEE4,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd<>0 IMP checksum_flg)
FieldNames ("checksum_err_TOT")
EndTable
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (40,9600,3,0,108) 'SDM-SIO1 SDM address set To 8.
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Get data from WindSonic.
SerialInRecord (40,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,01)
SplitStr (windsonic(),in_bytes_str,",",4,4) 'Split the string and convert to floats.
wind_direction = windsonic(1)
wind_speed = windsonic(2)
diag = windsonic(4)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Right (in_bytes_str,2))) EQV (CheckSum (in_bytes_str,9,Len (in_bytes_str)-3)) )
disable_flg = ( NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytes_rtrnd=0) OR (diag<>0) )
CallTable stats
NextScan
EndProg
7.4
Datalogger Programming for SDI-12 Output
A program for the WindSonic4 can be written using SCWin. Section 4.3, Use
Short Cut Program Generator for Windows (SCWin) to Program Datalogger
and Generate Wiring Diagram, describes using SCWin to create a datalogger
program and wiring diagram for the WindSonic4.
The WindSonic4 updates the SDI-12 output at a frequency of 1 Hz. The most
appropriate SDI-12 command to retrieve data from the WindSonic is the aRo!,
where a is the WindSonic SDI-12 address and o is the data format option
(TABLE 7-8). For dataloggers that do not support the aRo! command, use the
aDo!.
TABLE 7-8. WindSonic Data Format Option
Option (o)
0
1
Output
Units
wind direction
degrees
wind speed
m s-1
diagnostic
unitless
ux wind
m s-1
uy wind
m s-1
diagnostic
unitless
Comment
Compass polar coordinate system
Orthogonal right hand coordinate
system
15
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
CAUTION
The WindSonic4 returns three data points; the datalogger
program must allocate three consecutive input locations
(Edlog datalogger) or a variable array with three elements
(CRBasic dataloggers).
When the datalogger issues the aRo! command, the WindSonic immediately
begins transmitting the most current wind measurements to the datalogger.
After receiving the aRo! command, it takes the WindSonic approximately 190
milliseconds ±10 milliseconds to transmit the data. If the aDo! command is
used, it will take slightly longer to retrieve the data because of the additional
handshaking required with the aDo! command. For all practical purposes, a
datalogger can measure up to 4 WindSonic4s at 1 Hz.
TABLE 7-9 lists the datalogger OS version and revision that supports the SDI12 aRo! command. The most current datalogger operating systems are
available at the Campbell Scientific website in the Support|Downloads section.
TABLE 7-9. Datalogger Operating Systems
that Support the SDI-12 “aRo!” Command
16
Datalogger Model
Operating System
CR510
1.13 or later
CR510-PB
1.6 or later
CR510-TD
1.13 or later
CR10X
1.20 or later
CR10X-PB
1.6 or later
CR10X-TD
1.12 or later
CR23X
1.17 or later
CR23X-PB
1.6 or later
CR23X-TD
1.12 or later
CR200(X)-series
3.0a or later
CR800-series
1.0 or later
CR1000
1.0 or later
CR3000
1.0 or later
CR5000
1.8 or later
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
7.4.1 Example CR10X (Edlog) Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic4
TABLE 7-10. Wiring for CR10(X) Program Example
Description
Color
CR10X
SDI-12 data
Green
C8
SDI-12 power
Red
+12 Vdc
SDI-12 reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
;{CR10X}
;
*Table 1 Program
01: 1.0000
Execution Interval (seconds)
1: SDI-12 Recorder (P105)
1: 0
SDI-12 Address
2: 20
Continuous Measurements (aR0!)
3: 8
Port
4: 1
Loc [ wnd_dir ]
5: 1
Mult
6: 0
Offset
2: Z=F x 10^n (P30)
1: 1
F
2: 0
n, Exponent of 10
3: 4
Z Loc [ samples ]
3: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 1
X Loc [ wnd_dir ]
2: 4
<
3: -99990
F
4: 30
Then Do
4: Block Move (P54)
1: 2
No. of Values
2: 1
First Source Loc [ wnd_dir ]
3: 1
Source Step
4: 2
First Destination Loc [ wnd_spd ]
5: 1
Destination Step
5: End (P95)
6: If time is (P92)
1: 0
Minutes (Seconds --) into a
2: 30
Interval (same units as above)
3: 10
Set Output Flag High (Flag 0)
7: Real Time (P77)
1: 110
Day,Hour/Minute (midnight = 0000)
17
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
8: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 2
<>
3: 0
F
4: 19
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag High (Flag 9)
9: Wind Vector (P69)
1: 1
Reps
2: 0
Samples per Sub-Interval
3: 0
S, theta(1), sigma(theta(1)) with polar sensor
4: 2
Wind Speed/East Loc [ wnd_spd ]
5: 1
Wind Direction/North Loc [ wnd_dir ]
10: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
11: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 1
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 1.
;
12: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
13: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 2
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 2.
;
14: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
15: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 4
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 4.
;
16: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
18
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
17: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 8
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 8.
;
18: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
19: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 9
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 9.
;
20: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
21: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 3
X Loc [ ws_diag ]
2: 1
=
3: 10
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of diag = 10.
;
22: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
23: If (X<=>F) (P89)
1: 1
X Loc [ wnd_dir ]
2: 4
<
3: -99990
F
4: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
;Report the total of samples of no wind.
;
24: Totalize (P72)
1: 1
Reps
2: 4
Loc [ samples ]
25: Do (P86)
1: 29
Set Intermed. Proc. Disable Flag Low (Flag 9)
*Table 2 Program
01: 0.0000
Execution Interval (seconds)
19
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
*Table 3 Subroutines
End Program
-Input Locations1 wnd_dir
2 wnd_spd
3 ws_diag
4 samples
7.4.2 Example CR200(X) Datalogger Program for Measuring a
WindSonic4
TABLE 7-11. Wiring for CR200(X) Program Example
Description
Color
CR200(X)
SDI-12 data
Green
C1/SDI-12
SDI-12 power
Red
+12 Vdc
SDI-12 reference
Black
G
Shield
Clear
G
'CR200(X) Series Datalogger
Public windsonic(3)
Alias windsonic(1) = wind_direction
Alias windsonic(2) = wind_speed
Alias windsonic(3) = diag
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim disable_flag
Dim one
Units one = samples
DataTable (stats,TRUE,-1)
DataInterval (0,30,Min)
WindVector (wind_speed,wind_direction,disable_flag,0,0)
FieldNames ("mean_wnd_spd,mean_wnd_dir,std_wnd_dir")
Totalize (1,one,disable_flag)
FieldNames ("n_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>1)
FieldNames ("diag_1_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>2)
FieldNames ("diag_2_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>4)
FieldNames ("diag_4_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>8)
FieldNames ("diag_8_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>9)
FieldNames ("diag_9_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,diag<>10)
FieldNames ("diag_10_TOT")
20
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
Totalize (1,one,diag<>NaN)
FieldNames ("no_data_TOT")
EndTable
BeginProg
one = 1
Scan (1,Sec)
SDI12Recorder (wind_direction,0R0!,1,0)
If (wind_direction = NAN ) Then
wind_speed = NAN
diag = NAN
EndIf
disable_flag = (wind_direction=NAN) OR (diag<>0)
CallTable stats
NextScan
EndProg
7.4.3 Example CR800 Datalogger Program for Measuring a WindSonic4
TABLE 7-12. Wiring for CR800 Program Example
Description
Color
CR800
SDI-12 data
Green
C1
SDI-12 power
Red
+12 Vdc
SDI-12 reference
Black
G
shield
Clear
G
'CR800 Series Datalogger
Public windsonic(3)
Alias windsonic(1) = wind_direction
Alias windsonic(2) = wind_speed
Alias windsonic(3) = diag
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim disable_flag AS Boolean
Dim one
Units one = samples
DataTable (stats,TRUE,-1)
DataInterval (0,30,Min,10)
WindVector (1,wind_speed,wind_direction,IEEE4,disable_flag,0,0,0)
FieldNames ("mean_wind_speed,mean_wind_direction,std_wind_dir")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,disable_flag)
FieldNames ("n_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>1)
FieldNames ("diag_1_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>2)
FieldNames ("diag_2_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>4)
FieldNames ("diag_4_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>8)
FieldNames ("diag_8_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>9)
FieldNames ("diag_9_TOT")
21
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>10)
FieldNames ("diag_10_TOT")
Totalize (1,one,IEEE4,diag<>NAN)
FieldNames ("nnd_TOT")
EndTable
BeginProg
one = 1
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
SDI12Recorder (wind_direction,1,0,"R0!",1,0)
If ( wind_direction = NAN ) Then
wind_speed = NAN
diag = NAN
EndIf
disable_flag = (wind_direction=NAN) OR (diag<>0)
CallTable stats
NextScan
EndProg
7.5
Changing the SDI-12 Address Using LoggerNet and a
Datalogger
Up to ten WindSonic4s or other SDI-12 sensors can be connected to a single
datalogger control port. A datalogger can measure up to 4 WindSonic4 at 1
Hz. Each SDI-12 device must have a unique SDI-12 address between 0 and 9.
The factory-set SDI-12 address for the WindSonic4 is 0. The WindSonic4
SDI-12 address is changed in software by issuing the aAb! command, where a
is the current address and b is the new address, to the WindSonic4 over the
SDI-12 interface. The current address can be found by issuing the ?!
command.
A computer running LoggerNet can be used to issue any valid SDI-12
command through the datalogger to the WindSonic4. For a complete list of
SDI-12 commands supported by the WindSonic4, see Section 11 of the Gill
WindSonic manual.
7.5.1 Array-Based Edlog Dataloggers
22
•
Connect a single WindSonic4 to the datalogger using Control Port p as
described in Section 7.2.3, SDI-12 Wiring, and download a datalogger
program that contains the SDI-12 Recorder (Instruction 105) instruction
with valid entries for each parameter.
•
In the LoggerNet Toolbar, navigate to and activate the Test|Terminal
Emulator … menu. The “Terminal Emulator” window will open. In the
Select Device menu, located in the lower left hand side of the window,
select the station.
•
Click on the Open Terminal button. If communications between the
datalogger and PC are successful, the red bar located in the upper left hand
side of the window will turn green.
•
Click inside the “Terminal Emulator” window and press the <enter> key
until the datalogger responds with the “∗” prompt (FIGURE 7-1).
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
•
To activate the SDI-12 Transparent Mode, on Control Port p, enter pX and
press the <enter> key. The datalogger will respond with “entering SDI12”. If any invalid SDI-12 command is issued, the datalogger will exit the
SDI-12 Transparent Mode.
•
To query the WindSonic4 for its current SDI-12 address, enter the
command ?!. The WindSonic4 will respond with the current SDI-12
address.
•
To change the SDI-12 address, enter the command aAb!; where a is the
current address from the above step and b is the new address. The
WindSonic4 will change its address and the datalogger will exit the SDI12 Transparent Mode.
•
To activate the SDI-12 Transparent Mode on Control Port p, enter pX and
press the <enter> key. Verify the new SDI-12 address by entering the “?!”
command. The WindSonic4 will respond with the new address.
•
To exit the SDI-12 Transparent Mode, enter ∗.
FIGURE 7-1. SDI-12 Transparent Mode on an Edlog array-based
datalogger (CR10X) using control port 8 and changing the SDI-12
address from 0 to 1
23
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
7.5.2 Table-Based Edlog Dataloggers
24
•
Connect a single WindSonic4 to the datalogger Control Port p as described
in Section 7.2.3, SDI-12 Wiring, and download a datalogger program that
contains the SDI-12 Recorder (Instruction 105) instruction with valid
entries for each parameter.
•
In the LoggerNet Toolbar, navigate to and activate the Test|Terminal
Emulator … menu. The “Terminal Emulator” window will open. In the
Select Device menu, located in the lower left hand side of the window,
select the station.
•
Click on the Open Terminal button. If communications between the
datalogger and PC are successful, the red bar located in the upper left hand
side of the window will turn green.
•
Click inside the “Terminal Emulator” window and press the <enter> key
until the datalogger responds with the “>” prompt (FIGURE 7-2).
•
To activate the SDI-12 Transparent Mode, press the <enter> key a few
times. The datalogger will respond with a “>” prompt. Enter *# and wait
for a datalogger response. It will respond with a “F0000” prompt. Finally,
enter p (Control Port p) and press the <enter> key. The datalogger will
respond with “entering SDI-12”.
•
To query the WindSonic for its current SDI-12 address, enter the
command ?!. The WindSonic4 will respond with the current SDI-12
address.
•
To change the SDI-12 address, enter the command aAb!; where a is the
current address from the above step and b is the new address. The
WindSonic4 will change its address and the datalogger will exit the SDI12 Transparent Mode.
•
To activate the SDI-12 Transparent Mode again and check the address
change, enter #8 and press the <enter> key. The datalogger will respond
with “entering SDI-12”. Verify the new SDI-12 address by entering the ?!
command. The WindSonic4 will respond with the new address.
•
To exit the SDI-12 Transparent Mode, type in ∗ or press the <enter> key.
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
FIGURE 7-2. SDI-12 Transparent Mode on an Edlog table-based
datalogger using control port 8 and changing the SDI-12 address
from 0 to 1
7.5.3 CR200(X)-series Datalogger
•
Connect a single WindSonic4 to the datalogger using Control Port
C1/SDI12 as described in Section 7.2.3, SDI-12 Wiring, and download a
datalogger program that does not contain the SDI12Recorder()
instruction.
•
In the LoggerNet Toolbar, navigate to and activate the Test|Terminal
Emulator … menu. The “Terminal Emulator” window will open. In the
Select Device menu, located in the lower left hand side of the window,
select the station.
•
Click on the Open Terminal button. If communications between the
datalogger and PC are successful, the red bar located in the upper left hand
side of the window will turn green.
•
Press the <enter> key until the datalogger responds with the “CR200(X)>”
prompt (FIGURE 7-3).
•
To query the WindSonic4 for its current SDI-12 address, press the <enter>
key, at the “CR200(X)>” prompt enter the command “SDI12>?!”, and
25
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
press the <enter> key. The WindSonic4 will respond with the current
SDI-12 address.
•
To change the SDI-12 address, press the <enter> key, at the “CR200(X)>”
prompt enter the command “SDI12>aAb!”; where a is the current address
from the above step and b is the new address. The WindSonic4 will
change its address and the datalogger will exit the SDI-12 Transparent
Mode and respond with “Fail”.
•
Verify the new SDI-12 address. Press the <enter> key, at the
“CR200(X)>” prompt enter the command “SDI12>?!” and press the
<enter> key. The WindSonic4 will respond with the new address.
FIGURE 7-3. SDI-12 Transparent Mode on a CRBasic CR200(X)series datalogger using control port C1/SDI12 and changing the
SDI-12 address from 0 to 1
8.
Maintenance
There are no user-serviceable parts on the WindSonic. Keep the transducer
paths clear of any obstructions. When clearing the transducer paths, do not
remove or damage the transducer matching layer. The transducers can be
gently cleaned with a cloth and mild detergent. Do no use solvents and avoid
scratching or damaging the matching layers. The transducer’s matching layers
are the “rubber” caps on each of the transducers. Should the WindSonic be
damaged, fail to output data, or send a nonzero diagnostic, return it for repair
26
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
(refer to the Assistance section at the beginning of this manual for the process
of returning a product to Campbell Scientific). For more information, see
Section 12, Maintenance and Fault-Finding, in the manual published by Gill
Instruments.
9.
Diagnostic Codes
The WindSonic outputs a diagnostic (TABLE 9-1) along with each wind
direction and speed measurement. The example datalogger programs in this
manual filter all data when the diagnostic is not 0. Short generated programs
do not filter data based on the WindSonic diagnostic. Both the example
programs in this manual and those generated in SCWin record the number of
times an error flag was set. If the WindSonic is not powered, not connected, is
using the wrong COM port/SDI-12 address, or has missed a sample, the
example programs in this manual will load NaN or -99999 for wind direction
and speed, and the diagnostic (TABLE 9-2). The programs also report the
number of good samples that were used in computing the online statistics. If
the total number of good samples is less than 98% of the expected samples, the
WindSonic may be in need of repair.
TABLE 9-1. Gill WindSonic Diagnostic Codes
Diagnostic
Status
Comment
0
Okay
All okay
1
Axis 1 Failed
Insufficient samples,
possible path obstruction
2
Axis 2 Failed
Insufficient samples,
possible path obstruction
4
Both Axis Failed
Insufficient samples,
possible path obstruction
8
NVM error
Nonvolatile Memory checksum failed
9
ROM error
Read Only Memory checksum failed
10
Maximum Gain
Questionable wind measurements
TABLE 9-2. Example Datalogger Program Diagnostic Codes
Diagnostic
Datalogger
Type
NaN
CRBasic
WindSonic not powered, not connected, wrong
COM port/SDI-12 address, or missed sample
─99999
Edlog
WindSonic not powered, not connected, wrong
SDI-12 address, or missed sample
Comment
27
WindSonic Two-Dimensional Sonic Anemometer
10. Siting References
The following references give detailed information on siting wind direction and
wind speed sensors.
EPA, 1987: On-Site Meteorological Program Guidance for Regulatory
Modeling Applications, EPA-450/4-87-013, Office of Air Quality
Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC, 27711.
EPA, 1989: Quality Assurance Handbook for Air Pollution Measurements
System, Office of Research and Development, Research Triangle Park,
NC, 27711.
The State Climatologist, 1985: Publication of the American Association of
State Climatologists: Height and Exposure Standards, for Sensors on
Automated Weather Stations, vol. 9, No. 4.
WMO, 1983: Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of
Observation, World Meteorological Organization, No. 8, 5th edition,
Geneva, Switzerland.
28
Appendix A. WindSonic Orientation
A.1 Determining True North and Sensor Orientation
The orientation of the WindSonic “North Arrow Markers” is found by reading
a magnetic compass and applying the site-specific correction for magnetic
declination; where the magnetic declination is the number of degrees between
True North and Magnetic North. Magnetic declination for a specific site can
be obtained from a USGS map, local airport, or through a NOAA web
calculator (Section A.2). A general map showing magnetic declination for the
Conterminous United States in 2004 is shown in FIGURE A-1.
FIGURE A-1. Magnetic declination for the conterminous United States
(2004)
A-1
Appendix A. WindSonic Orientation
Declination angles east of True North are considered negative, and are
subtracted from 360 degrees to get True North as shown FIGURE A-2 (0° and
360° are the same point on a compass). Declination angles west of True North
are considered positive, and are added to 0 degrees to get True North as shown
in FIGURE A-3.
For example, the declination for Longmont, CO (10 June 2006) is 9.67°, thus
True North is 360° ─ 9.67°, or 350.33° as read on a compass. Likewise, the
declination for McHenry, IL (10 June 2006) is ─2.68°, and True North is
0° ─ (─2.68°), or 2.68° as read on a compass.
FIGURE A-2. A declination angle east of True North (positive) is
subtracted from 360 (0) degrees to find True North
FIGURE A-3. A declination angle west of True North (negative) is
subtracted from 0 (360) degrees to find True North
A-2
Appendix A. WindSonic Orientation
A.2 Online Magnetic Declination Calculator
The magnetic declination calculator web calculator published by NOAA’s
Geophysical Data Center is available at the following url:
www.ngdc.noaa.gov/geomagmodels/Declination.jsp. After the web page loads,
enter the site zip code, or longitude and latitude, then click on the “Compute
Declination” button (FIGURE A-4).
FIGURE A-4. NOAA web calculator
The declination for Logan, UT is 12.4 degrees (3 June 2010). As shown in
FIGURE A-4, the declination for Utah is positive (east of north), so True North
for this site is 360 – 12.4, or 347.6 degrees. The annual change is ─7
minutes/year or 7 minutes west per year.
A-3
Appendix A. WindSonic Orientation
A-4
Appendix B. Updating an Older
Program for Measuring a WindSonic1
With the New Settings
In February 2013, the settings of the WindSonic1 sensor were changed to
improve operation in cold temperatures. The communication baud rate has
been changed from 38,400 to 9600 baud, and the data output structure has been
changed to the manufacturer’s default. Section 6.4, Campbell Scientific
Factory Default Settings for the WindSonic1, lists the newer default settings.
Sensors with the new settings can be identified by a small white painted dot
next to the connector on the underside of the sensor. New sensor cables
include both a yellow and white heat shrink label; older sensor cables had two
white heat shrink labels. Because cables are interchangeable between new and
old sensors, the best check is to look for the painted dot.
CAUTION
Sensors with newer settings will NOT work with older
programs written for sensors set to 38,400 baud or Short
Cut version 3.0 or older.
Older WindSonic1 programs can be changed by using CRBasic Editor or by
cutting and pasting relevant sections from the updated manual. For additional
support, contact Campbell Scientific at (435) 227-9000 or email
[email protected]
Programming examples shown below come from the old and new WindSonic
manuals. Programs are not complete, but show the relevant sections to be
changed.
Old CR1000 Program (Section 6.1 of 7/10 WindSonic manual)
(Public variables change. Data table structure stays the same.)
Public windsonic(4)
Alias windsonic(1) = wind_direction
Alias windsonic(2) = wind_speed
Alias windsonic(3) = diag
Alias windsonic(4) = nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (Com1,38400,3,0,49)
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
SerialInRecord (Com1,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,00)
wind_direction = Mid (in_bytes_str,3,3)
wind_speed = Mid (in_bytes_str,7,6)
diag = Mid (in_bytes_str,16,2)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Mid (in_bytes_str,20,2))) EQV (CheckSum(in_bytes_str,9,18)) )
disable_flg = (NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytes_rtrnd=0) OR (diag<>0))
B-1
Appendix B. Updating an Older Program for Measuring a WindSonic1 With the New Settings
New CR1000 Program (Section 7.3.1)
(Public variables change. Data table structure stays the same.)
Dim windsonic(4) As String
Public wind_direction
Public wind_speed
Public diag
Public nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (Com1,9600,3,0,105)
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Get data from WindSonic.
SerialInRecord (Com1,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,01)
SplitStr (windsonic(),in_bytes_str,",",4,4) 'Split the string and convert to floats.
wind_direction = windsonic(1)
wind_speed = windsonic(2)
diag = windsonic(4)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Right (in_bytes_str,2))) EQV (CheckSum (in_bytes_str,9,Len (in_bytes_str)-3)) )
disable_flg = ( NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytes_rtrnd=0) OR(diag<>0) )
Old CR1000 SDM-SIO1 Program (Section 6.2 of 7/10 WindSonic manual)
(Public variables change. Data table structure stays the same.)
Public windsonic(4)
Alias windsonic(1) = wind_direction
Alias windsonic(2) = wind_speed
Alias windsonic(3) = diag
Alias windsonic(4) = nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (40,38400,3,0,49) ‘SDM-SIO1 SDM address set to 8.
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Get data from WindSonic.
SerialInRecord (40,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,00)
wind_direction = Mid (in_bytes_str,3,3)
wind_speed = Mid (in_bytes_str,7,6)
diag = Mid (in_bytes_str,16,2)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Mid (in_bytes_str,20,2))) EQV (CheckSum(in_bytes_str,9,18)) )
disable_flg = (NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytes_rtrnd=0) OR (diag<>0))
B-2
Appendix B. Updating an Older Program for Measuring a WindSonic1 With the New Settings
New CR1000 SDM-SIO1 Program (from Section 7.3.2)
(Public variables change. Data table structure stays the same.)
Dim windsonic(4) As String
Public wind_direction
Public wind_speed
Public diag
Public nmbr_bytes_rtrnd
Units wind_direction = degrees
Units wind_speed = m/s
Units diag = unitless
Dim in_bytes_str As String * 21
Dim checksum_flg As Boolean
Dim disable_flg As Boolean
Dim n
Units n = arb
BeginProg
n = 1
SerialOpen (40,9600,3,0,105) 'SDM-SIO1 SDM address set To 8.
Scan (1,Sec,3,0)
'Get data from WindSonic.
SerialInRecord (40,in_bytes_str,&h02,0,&h0D0A,nmbr_bytes_rtrnd,01)
SplitStr (windsonic(),in_bytes_str,",",4,4) 'Split the string and convert to floats.
wind_direction = windsonic(1)
wind_speed = windsonic(2)
diag = windsonic(4)
checksum_flg = ( (HexToDec (Right (in_bytes_str,2))) EQV (CheckSum(in_bytes_str,9,Len (in_bytes_str)-3)) )
disable_flg = ( NOT (checksum_flg) OR (nmbr_bytertrnd=0) OR (diag<>0) )
B-3
Appendix B. Updating an Older Program for Measuring a WindSonic1 With the New Settings
B-4
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